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1. Yi SW: Two-port laparoscopic adnexal surgery with a multichannel port using a wound retractor: is it safe and minimally scarring? J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2009 Dec;19(6):781-6
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  • A series of patients undergoing two-port laparoscopy for a benign pelvic mass were enrolled in this study.
  • The operative procedures were adnexectomy (n = 8), myomectomy (n = 1), and ovarian cystectomy and/or salpingectomy (n = 10).
  • The pathologic diagnosis were mature cystic teratoma (n = 6), benign cyst (n = 4), endometrial cyst (n = 3), serous cystadenoma (n = 3), mucinous cystadenoma (n = 1), leiomyoma (n = 1), and tubo-ovarian abscess (n = 1).

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  • (PMID = 19694570.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-9034
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Guney N, Sayilgan T, Derin D, Ozcan D: Primary carcinoid tumor arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2009;30(2):223-5
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  • [Title] Primary carcinoid tumor arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report.
  • OBJECTIVE: To present an extremely rare case of a primary carcinoid tumor arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • Malignant transformation of mature cystic teratoma is an uncommon complication occuring in approximately 1-3% of patients with mature cystic teratoma.
  • Physical examination revealed a smooth, non-painful, 8-9 cm diameter mass in the right anterior pelvis which was diagnosed histologically as carcinoid tumor arising in a mature cystic teratoma.
  • CONCLUSION: This case adds to the rare reports in the literature of a carcinoid of low malignant potential occurring in a mature cystic teratoma.
  • The treatment for early-stage ovarian carcinoid tumors confined to one ovary is surgery alone and excellent outcomes can be expected in these cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Teratoma


3. Bekiesińska-Figatowska M, Jurkiewicz E, Iwanowska B, Uliasz M, Romaniuk-Doroszewska A, Bragoszewska H, Ceran A, Olszewski A: Magnetic resonance imaging as a diagnostic tool in case of ovarian masses in girls and young women. Med Sci Monit; 2007 May;13 Suppl 1:116-20
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  • [Title] Magnetic resonance imaging as a diagnostic tool in case of ovarian masses in girls and young women.
  • MATERIAL/METHODS: Pelvic MRI was performed in 15 patients aged 9-19 years with suspected ovarian mass after they had had unclear gynecological and sonographic examinations.
  • RESULTS: In a group of 3 girls with acute abdominal pain, polycystic ovaries, ovarian hemorrhagic cyst, and fibroma of the ovary were diagnosed.
  • In a group of 11 patients with chronic abdominal pain, dermoid cysts of the ovaries were found in 7 cases, in one bilateral and accompanied by ectopic kidney.
  • In 2 patients, serous cysts were diagnosed.
  • In 2 cases an ovarian origin of the mass was excluded: multilocular cystic lesion in the presacral region and a hydatid mole were revealed.
  • A neoplastic ovarian mass was diagnosed in a girl with increasing circumference of the abdomen.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging, with its noninvasiveness, high spatial resolution, and tissue specificity, is a method of choice in the diagnosis or exclusion of ovarian pathology in children and adolescents.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovarian Diseases

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  • (PMID = 17507896.001).
  • [ISSN] 1643-3750
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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4. Ibraheim M, Ikomi A, Khan F: A pelvic retroperitoneal schwannoma mimicking an ovarian dermoid cyst in pregnancy. J Obstet Gynaecol; 2005 Aug;25(6):620-1
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  • [Title] A pelvic retroperitoneal schwannoma mimicking an ovarian dermoid cyst in pregnancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / diagnosis. Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pelvic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Pregnancy


5. Tongsong T, Luewan S, Phadungkiatwattana P, Neeyalavira V, Wanapirak C, Khunamornpong S, Sukpan K: Pattern recognition using transabdominal ultrasound to diagnose ovarian mature cystic teratoma. Int J Gynaecol Obstet; 2008 Nov;103(2):99-104
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  • [Title] Pattern recognition using transabdominal ultrasound to diagnose ovarian mature cystic teratoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of sonographic pattern recognition in the diagnosis of mature cystic teratoma.
  • Examinations were performed by the same sonographer to identify benign cystic teratoma.
  • Of the remaining 306 patients, 36 masses were found to be mature cystic teratomas and 270 were nonteratomas.
  • CONCLUSION: Sonographic pattern recognition using transabdominal ultrasound with color extended-flow mapping can accurately diagnose mature cystic teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Pattern Recognition, Automated. Teratoma / diagnostic imaging. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color / methods

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  • (PMID = 18718589.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7292
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Gynaecol Obstet
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Chavan SS, Yenni VV: Mandible like structure with fourteen teeth in a benign cystic teratoma. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2009 Oct-Dec;52(4):595-6
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  • [Title] Mandible like structure with fourteen teeth in a benign cystic teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / diagnosis. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Mandible / pathology. Ovary / pathology. Tooth / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19805995.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] India
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7. Bhuiyan ZH, Akhter N, Islam MF, Khan SA, Tawhid MH: Pilimiction. Mymensingh Med J; 2008 Jul;17(2 Suppl):S107-10
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  • It is pathognomonic sign of urinary bladder dermoid.
  • Primary bladder dermoid is very rare problem.
  • Secondary dermoid in the urinary bladder is not uncommon among the female specially during their reproductive life.
  • It is mostly ovarian origin.
  • Ovarian dermoid may grow and invade the urinary bladder wall to discharge its content in the urine.
  • Cystoscopic evaluation followed by laparotomy and excision of ovarian dermoid along its extension to the urinary bladder is a rational approach.
  • Our patient has benign indolent coarse of pilimiction for last 9 years.
  • Keeping an open mind we did cyst evaluation.
  • Attempt of endoscopic resection seems that the dermoid has invaded bladder wall from out side.
  • We did laparotomy in the same sitting. Lt. ovary was almost buried between the leaf of broad ligament and contain a dermoid cyst invading bladder wall to discharge its contents.
  • So we confirm our diagnosis as secondary bladder dermoids as a cause of pilimiction & excise the whole specimen keeping its safety margin.
  • Histopathologically it appears benign mature cystic teratoma.

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  • (PMID = 18946442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-4742
  • [Journal-full-title] Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mymensingh Med J
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bangladesh
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8. Poduval A, Antal Z, Lee T, Bar A, Dalmau J, Muzumdar R: Immune-mediated encephalitis and virilization in association with a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in an adolescent girl. Horm Res; 2009;72(4):252-6
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  • [Title] Immune-mediated encephalitis and virilization in association with a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in an adolescent girl.
  • BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratomas are the most common form of ovarian tumor in children and adolescents.
  • These tumors are mostly benign and non-secreting.
  • Virilization from an ovarian teratoma is exceptionally rare in pediatrics.
  • Equally rare is the association of ovarian teratomas with auto-immune encephalitis.
  • A large left ovarian tumor was seen on a CT scan.
  • Surgical excision revealed a mature cystic teratoma containing 6 liters of clear fluid with high androgen levels.
  • Antibodies to the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor of the hippocampus were detected in pre-operatively archived serum, but undetectable 6 months postoperatively.
  • Immunohistochemistry studies on the tumor sections revealed that the antibodies in the patient's serum reacted with areas of the tumor expressing the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor.
  • CONCLUSION: Both virilizing mature cystic teratomas and teratoma-associated encephalitis are extremely rare in the pediatric population.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoimmune Diseases / complications. Encephalitis / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Teratoma / complications. Virilism / complications

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  • (PMID = 19786797.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0046
  • [Journal-full-title] Hormone research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Horm. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgens; 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / MAP2 protein, human; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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9. Tyler KL, Bell MC, Ziebarth JA: A rare case of squamous cell carcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary. S D Med; 2007 Oct;60(10):401-3
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  • [Title] A rare case of squamous cell carcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • Mature cystic teratoma is a common benign adnexal tumor in females.
  • We describe a 43-year-old female with a 10 cm left ovarian mature cystic teratoma with the rare finding of squamous cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18019775.001).
  • [ISSN] 0038-3317
  • [Journal-full-title] South Dakota medicine : the journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] S D Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Argoitia X, Duga I, Labeyrie E, Toledo L, Couteau C, Querleu D: [Degeneration of dermoid cysts: a case study of malignant transformation]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2007 Oct;35(10):1005-8
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  • [Title] [Degeneration of dermoid cysts: a case study of malignant transformation].
  • [Transliterated title] Dégénérescence des kystes dermoïdes. A propos d'un cas de transformation maligne.
  • Malignant transformation of ovarian dermoid cyst (mature cystic teratoma) is rare and most often established in postmenopausal women after surgery by sample anatomopathological analysis.
  • The diagnosis of dermoid cyst was established upon ultrasonographic and tomodensitometric criteria.
  • In line with the literature, our study highlights the importance of the age of the patient, the size of dermoid cyst and its growth rate as well as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) antigen serum level.
  • These date are collected in order to establish a correct diagnosis and provide an appropriate cure.
  • When a cyst is discovered these data must pathological event, mostly observed in menopaused women.
  • Certainty diagnosis is collected in order to establish a correct diagnosis and provide an appropriate cure.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17916437.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol Obstet Fertil
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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11. den Bakker MA, Ansink AC, Ewing-Graham PC: "Cutaneous-type" angiosarcoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary. J Clin Pathol; 2006 Jun;59(6):658-60
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  • [Title] "Cutaneous-type" angiosarcoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • Benign and malignant somatic tumours arising in mature cystic teratomas of the ovary are a rare but recognised phenomenon.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common somatic malignancy arising in ovarian teratomas, although many other types of tumour have been described.
  • An angiosarcoma with "cutaneous" type typical features arising in a dermoid cyst of the ovary is reported.
  • Vascular tumours have only rarely been described as secondary somatic tumours in ovarian teratomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16731607.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1860385
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12. Ding DC, Chu TY, Hsu YH: Multimodality therapy of squamous cell carcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of ovary: a case report. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol; 2008 Apr;137(2):250-1
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  • [Title] Multimodality therapy of squamous cell carcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of ovary: a case report.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / therapy. Teratoma / diagnosis. Teratoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17208347.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-2115
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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13. Ukita S, Koshiyama M, Ohnaka M, Miyagawa N, Yamanishi Y, Nishimura F, Nagura M, Kim T, Hirose M, Shirase T, Kobayashi H, Ozasa H: Retroperitoneal lipoma arising from the urinary bladder. Rare Tumors; 2009;1(1):e13
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  • Retroperitoneal benign lipomas are extremely rare and represent about 2.9% of all primary retroperitoneal tumors.
  • We experienced a case of a retroperitoneal lipoma simulating an ovarian mature cystic teratoma.
  • A diagnosis was correctly made by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) prior to surgery, and a total tumorectomy was performed.

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  • (PMID = 21139884.001).
  • [ISSN] 2036-3613
  • [Journal-full-title] Rare tumors
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rare Tumors
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2994430
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; lipoma / magnetic resonance imaging. / ovarian mature cystic teratoma / retroperitoneum / urinary bladder
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14. Gurrera A, Brancato F, Puzzo L, Magro G, Greco P: [Squamous cell carcinoma in situ arising in ovarian mature cystic teratoma]. Pathologica; 2008 Feb;100(1):9-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Squamous cell carcinoma in situ arising in ovarian mature cystic teratoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Carcinoma squamoso in situ insorto su teratoma cistico maturo ovarico.
  • Mature cystic teratoma is a benign neoplasm, but malignant transformation of one component may occur in 2% of cases.
  • Although very different types of carcinomas may be arise from mature cystic teratoma, invasive squamous cell carcinoma is the most frequent type of malignancy found, comprising about 80% of all malignancies arising from dermoid tumours.
  • Although invasive squamous cell carcinoma is relatively frequent, it is surprising that so few cases of squamous cell carcinoma in situ in mature cystic teratoma have been reported.
  • We describe a case of squamous cell carcinoma in mature cystic teratoma without an invasive component.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology


15. Szpakowski M, Nowińska A, Kufelnicka M, Komorowski D, Wilczyński JR: [Laparoscopy or laparotomy in the treatment of ovarian teratomas?]. Ginekol Pol; 2006 Jul;77(7):502-9
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  • [Title] [Laparoscopy or laparotomy in the treatment of ovarian teratomas?].
  • BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratomas (dermoid cyst), are the most common germ cell tumours of the ovary in women of reproductive age.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: 81 patients who had surgery in 3rd Departament of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Medicine, Lódź, from 2000 to 2005 for benign cystic teratomas were analyzed.
  • In 46 cases there were cystectomies performed sparing fragments of healthy ovarian tissue, in 24 cases ovariectomies and in 11 panhysterectomies were made.
  • All removed lesions histologically appeared benign cystis ovarian teratomas without any signs of malignancy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The teratomas are composed of mature tissues derived from the three germ cell layers.
  • One of the possibility of ovarian teratoma's treatment is operative laparoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / diagnosis. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17076199.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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16. Tandon A, Gulleria K, Gupta S, Goel S, Bhargava SK, Vaid NB: Mature ovarian dermoid cyst invading the urinary bladder. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Jun;35(6):751-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mature ovarian dermoid cyst invading the urinary bladder.
  • Mature ovarian dermoid cysts are common lesions, accounting for up to 10-25% of all ovarian neoplasms.
  • Uncomplicated dermoid cysts are often asymptomatic and are relatively easy to diagnose on imaging and to treat.
  • The diagnosis of this condition has been through the use of cystoscopy or laparotomy in all cases reported so far.
  • We report a case of a 30-year-old patient with pyuria and dysuria, where ultrasound examination clearly demonstrated an ovarian dermoid cyst invading the urinary bladder.
  • A clear-cut imaging diagnosis helped to allow planning of surgery in advance and a mucosa-sparing partial bladder resection could be performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 20069670.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-0705
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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17. Papadias K, Kairi-Vassilatou E, Kontogiani-Katsaros K, Argeitis J, Kondis-Pafitis A, Greatsas G: Teratomas of the ovary: a clinico-pathological evaluation of 87 patients from one institution during a 10-year period. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2005;26(4):446-8
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  • [Title] Teratomas of the ovary: a clinico-pathological evaluation of 87 patients from one institution during a 10-year period.
  • AIM: To present the classification and diagnostic problems encountered between teratomas and other ovarian tumors as well as with other benign entities diagnosed and treated in our institution.
  • RESULTS: Teratomas constituted 5% of all ovarian tumors.
  • Fifty-seven cases presented with a histological diagnosis of mature teratoma, biphasic or triphasic type, three cases with monodermal teratoma, ten cases with ovarian neoplasms of mixed type, 15 cases with epidermal cysts, and two cases with benign cysts.
  • CONCLUSION: Teratomas are common ovarian tumors at any age, especially during the reproductive age, with a low rate of complications and malignant transformation.
  • The treatment should be based on patient age, fertility status, tumor size, the cystic or solid nature of the tumor and bilaterality.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16122200.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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18. Allam-Nandyala P, Bui MM, Caracciolo JT, Hakam A: Squamous cell carcinoma and osteosarcoma arising from a dermoid cyst--a case report and review of literature. Int J Clin Exp Pathol; 2010;3(3):313-8
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  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma and osteosarcoma arising from a dermoid cyst--a case report and review of literature.
  • A rare case of multiple malignant tumors (poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and high grade osteosarcoma) arising in an ovarian dermoid cyst of a 55 year old female is reported.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first well documented example of such an unusual combination of tumors arising in a dermoid cyst.
  • The osteosarcoma and squamous cell carcinoma appear to arise in the background of benign teratomatous environment of a dermoid cyst rather than from "pure" mixed mesodermal tumors of the ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Osteosarcoma / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovary / pathology

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  • [Cites] J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2003 May;25(5):410-3 [12759630.001]
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  • (PMID = 20224730.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-2625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Clin Exp Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 14
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2836509
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Malignant dermoid / osteosarcoma / squamous cell carcinoma / teratoma
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19. Al-Rayyan ES, Duqoum WJ, Sawalha MS, Nascimento MC, Pather S, Dalrymple CJ, Carter JR: Secondary malignancies in ovarian dermoid cyst. Saudi Med J; 2009 Apr;30(4):524-8
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  • [Title] Secondary malignancies in ovarian dermoid cyst.
  • OBJECTIVE: To review our local experience with mature cystic ovarian teratoma, and describe our treatment modality regarding this uncommon condition.
  • RESULTS: Eleven cases of ovarian dermoid cyst with secondary malignancy were identified.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19370280.001).
  • [ISSN] 0379-5284
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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20. Saba L, Guerriero S, Sulcis R, Virgilio B, Melis G, Mallarini G: Mature and immature ovarian teratomas: CT, US and MR imaging characteristics. Eur J Radiol; 2009 Dec;72(3):454-63
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  • [Title] Mature and immature ovarian teratomas: CT, US and MR imaging characteristics.
  • Ovarian teratomas (OTs) are the most common germ cell neoplasm.
  • They include mature cystic teratomas, monodermal teratomas (neural tumors, struma ovarii, carcinoid tumors) and immature teratomas.
  • Teratomas are the most common benign ovarian neoplasms in women less than 45 years old.
  • The purpose of this paper is to review the most common types of teratomas and to describe CT, US and MR imaging features of the various types of mature and immature OTs.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. Ultrasonography / methods

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  • (PMID = 18804932.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7727
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Number-of-references] 93
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21. Yasmin S, Yasmin A, Asif M: Clinicohistological pattern of ovarian tumours in Peshawar region. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2008 Oct-Dec;20(4):11-3
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  • [Title] Clinicohistological pattern of ovarian tumours in Peshawar region.
  • BACKGROUND: Ovarian tumours are one of the major health problems confronting the general practitioners in general and gynaecologists in particular.
  • Ovarian tumours may either be asymptomatic, found on the routine ultrasound examination or symptoms may be vague till the patient has an acute emergency like torsion or rupture of a benign cyst.
  • The worst is late presentation of a malignant ovarian tumour.
  • This study was undertaken to analyse modes of presentation and various histopathological patterns of ovarian tumours.
  • After admitting patients with ovarian tumours a detailed case history was taken followed by thorough clinical examination.
  • Patients were investigated after performing various surgical procedures; the specimens of ovarian tumours were subjected to Histopathological examination in the histopathology section, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar.
  • RESULTS: Amongst the total numbers of 5732 gynaecological admissions during study period the total numbers of ovarian tumours were sixty-eight.
  • Out of which benign ovarian tumours were 61 (89.71%) and malignant ovarian tumours were 7 (10.29%) There were no tumours with borderline malignancy.
  • The commonest histological pattern observed in the study was epithelial tumours (76.5%) including both benign and malignant tumours.
  • The commonest benign tumour was serous cyst adenoma (24%) followed by mature cystic teratoma (18%).
  • Common malignant ovarian tumours were granulosa cell tumours and Endometriod carcinoma (each 28.5%).
  • CONCLUSION: Epithelial tumours are the commonest variety of ovarian tumours followed by Germ cell tumours.
  • The histological type of ovarian tumour correlates with the prognosis of the tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / epidemiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19999193.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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22. Wu DH, McMurtrie DG, Hirsch SD, Johnston CM: Postmenopausal hyperandrogenism caused by a benign cystic teratoma: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2008 Feb;53(2):141-4
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  • [Title] Postmenopausal hyperandrogenism caused by a benign cystic teratoma: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Mature, benign cystic teratomas of the ovary are common in reproductive-age women, but they are very rarely associated with androgen production and subsequent development of hirsutism or virilization.
  • We describe a case of postmenopausal hirsutism and hyperandrogenism caused by a mature cystic teratoma as well as the 7 previously reported cases.
  • Pelvic ultrasound showed a complex cystic mass in the left ovary measuring 6.0 x 7.0 x 10 cm, and laboratory evaluations revealed progressively increasing testosterone levels.
  • The patient underwent total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, with resection of a large, complex mass originating in the left ovary.
  • The pathology department found 2 left, mature ovarian cystic teratomas containing a layer of Leydig cells.
  • CONCLUSION: Although rare, ovarian production of androgens resulting in hirsutism or virilization can occur with a hormonally active mature cystic teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hyperandrogenism / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Postmenopause

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  • (PMID = 18357809.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-7758
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reprod Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Savasi I, Lacy JA, Gerstle JT, Stephens D, Kives S, Allen L: Management of ovarian dermoid cysts in the pediatric and adolescent population. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2009 Dec;22(6):360-4
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  • [Title] Management of ovarian dermoid cysts in the pediatric and adolescent population.
  • STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical approach used in the management of ovarian dermoid cysts in the pediatric and adolescent population.
  • DESIGN: A descriptive retrospective chart review of all cases of ovarian dermoid cyst excision between January 2001 and January 2006.
  • PARTICIPANTS: Forty-one female children and adolescents who underwent operative management of an ovarian dermoid cyst.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Surgical approach (laparoscopy vs laparotomy), intraoperative cyst rupture, length of hospital stay, and postoperative complications.
  • All cysts were unilateral.
  • Cyst size was significantly larger in the laparotomy group compared to the laparoscopy group (mean diameter 14.4 cm vs 7.1 cm, respectively, P < .001).
  • A significantly higher rate of cyst rupture was experienced during laparoscopic cystectomy (100%), compared to excision via laparotomy (27.7%, P < .001).
  • There were no operative or postoperative complications related to cyst content spillage, regardless of the surgical approach.
  • CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic cystectomy is a safe and effective method of managing ovarian dermoid cysts in the pediatric and adolescent patient population.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / surgery. Laparoscopy. Laparotomy. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19589709.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. D'Angelo E, Dadmanesh F, Pecorelli S, Prat J: Squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary arising from a mucinous cystic tumor of endocervical (müllerian) type. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2010 Nov;29(6):529-32
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  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary arising from a mucinous cystic tumor of endocervical (müllerian) type.
  • Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary is extremely rare.
  • We studied a 58-year-old woman in whom a keratinizing squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary had arisen from a mucinous cystic tumor of endocervical (müllerian) type.
  • The tumor was interpreted initially as a transitional cell carcinoma of the ovary with marked squamous differentiation, but there was no evidence of either transitional cell carcinoma or malignant Brenner tumor.
  • Furthermore, features of dermoid cyst (mature cystic teratoma), endometriosis, or adenosquamous carcinoma were not seen.
  • The mucinous columnar epithelial component was largely benign and only focally proliferative or borderline.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Int J Gynecol Pathol. 2011 Jul;30(4):396-7 [21623198.001]
  • (PMID = 20881861.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Alotaibi MO, Navarro OM: Imaging of ovarian teratomas in children: a 9-year review. Can Assoc Radiol J; 2010 Feb;61(1):23-8
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  • [Title] Imaging of ovarian teratomas in children: a 9-year review.
  • OBJECTIVE: Germ cell tumours are the most common ovarian neoplasms in childhood and, of these, teratomas, whether mature or immature, are the most frequently found.
  • Mature teratoma is a benign tumour, whereas the immature type, although also benign, has a more aggressive course, with a propensity to recurrence.
  • A review of the literature revealed that there are some imaging features that may help to differentiate between these 2 types of teratoma, although no systematic comparison has been made.
  • The objective of this study was to review imaging features of ovarian teratomas in children and to assess differentiating imaging features between the mature and immature types of ovarian teratoma.
  • METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients who presented to our institution during a 9-year period (September 1999 to August 2008) with ovarian teratoma as confirmed on histology.
  • RESULTS: Forty-one patients with pathologically proven ovarian teratoma were found.
  • Thirty patients (73.2%) were found to have mature ovarian teratoma, and 11 (26.8%) had immature teratoma.
  • On ultrasonography, the appearance of the immature teratomas was purely solid in 3 (27.3%), mixed solid and cystic in 6 (54.5%), and predominantly cystic in 2 (18%).
  • The mature ovarian teratomas demonstrated a predominantly cystic appearance in 22 (73.3%) and a mixed solid and cystic appearance in 8 (26.6%); there were no cases with a pure solid appearance.
  • The prevalence of the more cystic appearance of the mature type showed significant statistical difference when compared with its prevalence in the immature type (P = .0008, chi(2) test).
  • Other imaging features, such as size, presence of fat, or calcifications, did not show a significant difference between the 2 types of teratoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The predominance of a cystic component and a pure solid component in ovarian teratoma are significant differentiating factors between the mature type and the more aggressive immature type of teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Canadian Association of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19931379.001).
  • [ISSN] 0846-5371
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian Association of Radiologists journal = Journal l'Association canadienne des radiologistes
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can Assoc Radiol J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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26. Chang YT, Lin JY: Intraperitoneal rupture of mature cystic ovarian teratoma secondary to sit-ups. J Formos Med Assoc; 2009 Feb;108(2):173-5
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  • [Title] Intraperitoneal rupture of mature cystic ovarian teratoma secondary to sit-ups.
  • A case of general peritonitis caused by sudden perforation of a mature cystic ovarian teratoma is presented.

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  • (PMID = 19251554.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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27. Maurer T, Schnelzer A, Kremer M, May F, Hartung R: [Abdominal colic caused by mature cystic teratoma of the ovary]. Urologe A; 2007 Mar;46(3):284-6
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  • [Title] [Abdominal colic caused by mature cystic teratoma of the ovary].
  • Besides the typical urological reasons, differential diagnosis should include surgical, internal, and gynecological causes.
  • In particular, in cases of ambiguous calcifications on plain abdominal films - as shown in the presented case - a mature teratoma of the ovary should be taken into consideration.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdomen, Acute / diagnosis. Abdomen, Acute / etiology. Colic / diagnosis. Colic / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / complications. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • [Cites] J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc. 2003 Nov;10(4):489-90 [14738635.001]
  • [Cites] Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2005;26(4):446-8 [16122200.001]
  • [Cites] Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 2005;26(1):71-4 [15755005.001]
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  • (PMID = 17068669.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2592
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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28. McHugh JB, Fullen DR: Atypical compound nevus arising in mature cystic ovarian teratoma. Med Sci Monit; 2006 Apr;12(4):CS34-7
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  • [Title] Atypical compound nevus arising in mature cystic ovarian teratoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Mature cystic ovarian teratoma (MCOT) is the most common primary ovarian tumor.
  • Histologically, the cystic neoplasm demonstrated epidermis with numerous pilosebaceous units and respiratory-type epithelium (endoderm) surrounded by adipose tissue and cartilage (mesoderm).
  • Moreover, melanomas may arise de novo or in association with a nevus.
  • As primary ovarian melanomas, like their skin counterpart, may arise from a precursor lesion, removal of a melanocytic nevus, such as this atypical nevus, could theoretically prevent melanoma transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Nevus, Pigmented / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16572057.001).
  • [ISSN] 1234-1010
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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29. Kondo W, Bourdel N, Cotte B, Tran X, Botchorishvili R, Jardon K, Rabischong B, Pouly JL, Mage G, Canis M: Does prevention of intraperitoneal spillage when removing a dermoid cyst prevent granulomatous peritonitis? BJOG; 2010 Jul;117(8):1027-30
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  • [Title] Does prevention of intraperitoneal spillage when removing a dermoid cyst prevent granulomatous peritonitis?
  • In this retrospective study of 314 patients undergoing surgery for ovarian dermoid cysts, conducted over a 20-year period, we evaluated the impact of the routine use of laparoscopic surgery without recourse to laparotomy to retrieve the specimen, using an endoscopic retrieval bag placed under the cyst to prevent intraperitoneal spillage of cyst contents, and subsequent postoperative granulomatous peritonitis.
  • Accidental cyst rupture was more frequent when a total laparoscopic approach was used (26/174 or 15% versus 39/140 or 28%; P = 0.005), but there were no cases of intraperitoneal spillage when an endoscopic bag was used.
  • Two cases of granulomatous peritonitis developed out of 26 women with intraperitoneal spillage of cyst contents (8%).
  • We conclude that the risk of granulomatous peritonitis can be minimised by undertaking laparoscopic removal of dermoid cysts with the routine intraoperative use of an endoscopic retrieval bag to prevent intraperitoneal spillage of cyst contents.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Peritonitis / prevention & control. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 20465557.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-0528
  • [Journal-full-title] BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJOG
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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30. Hoffman JG, Strickland JL, Yin J: Virilizing ovarian dermoid cyst with leydig cells. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2009 Jun;22(3):e39-40
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  • [Title] Virilizing ovarian dermoid cyst with leydig cells.
  • Overall, ovarian tumors causing virilization are exceedingly rare and mostly occur in post-menopausal women.
  • In fact, there are no reported cases of virilization from a testosterone-producing ovarian dermoid in the adolescent female age group.
  • The most frequent germ cell tumor derived from the ovaries is the benign cystic teratoma (dermoid) which accounts for 25% of all ovarian neoplasms.
  • Usually the tumors are asymptomatic, but they occasionally can cause severe pain if there is torsion or if sebaceous material perforates the cyst wall, leading to reactive peritonitis.
  • CASE: A 12-year-old female was found to have a large 3 5 x 19 x 12 cm ovarian mature cystic teratoma arising from her right ovary.
  • The dermoid was producing large amounts of testosterone from a nest of Leydig cells found pathologically in the mass.
  • CONCLUSION: Benign cystic teratomas can produce active hormones, albeit rarely.
  • This is a finding important to consider when ovarian cystectomy is performed for removal of a benign cystic teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Dermoid Cyst / secretion. Leydig Cells / secretion. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / secretion. Virilism / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19539195.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone
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31. Luk J, Quaas A, Garner E: The superinfection of a dermoid cyst. Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol; 2007;2007:41473
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  • [Title] The superinfection of a dermoid cyst.
  • Mature cystic teratoma may be complicated by torsion, rupture, and malignant change, but is rarely complicated by infection.
  • Here we report the case of a patient who presented with a tubo-ovarian abscess following a dilation and curettage (D&C) procedure in the setting of an ovarian dermoid cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / microbiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / microbiology. Superinfection / complications. Superinfection / drug therapy

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  • [Cites] Obstet Gynecol. 1969 Jun;33(6):807-12 [5770554.001]
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  • (PMID = 17641723.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-0997
  • [Journal-full-title] Infectious diseases in obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Chemical-registry-number] N12000U13O / Doxycycline
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1906865
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32. Amjad AI, Pal I: De novo primary squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary: a case of a rare malignancy with an aggressive clinical course. J Pak Med Assoc; 2008 May;58(5):272-4
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  • [Title] De novo primary squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary: a case of a rare malignancy with an aggressive clinical course.
  • Ovarian squamous cell carcinoma is a rare malignancy and the occurrence is attributable to malignant transformation of an existing ovarian dermoid cyst.
  • The de novo occurrence of squamous cell carcinoma of the ovary, in the absence of an antecedent ovarian dermoid, is extremely rare.
  • Histopathology demonstrated squamous cell carcinoma arising from the right ovary with no co-existing ovarian dermoid.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovariectomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Colectomy / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease Progression. Elective Surgical Procedures / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ileostomy / methods. Laparotomy. Neoplasm Staging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18655408.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-9982
  • [Journal-full-title] JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pak Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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33. Lazarov N, Lazarov L, Angelova M, Popkharitov A: [Cystic teratoma of the caecum, demonstrating as an ovarian tumor: case report and literature review]. Akush Ginekol (Sofiia); 2005;44 Suppl 1:21-3
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  • [Title] [Cystic teratoma of the caecum, demonstrating as an ovarian tumor: case report and literature review].
  • Benign cystic teratoma of the caecum of 24 year woman interpreted as an ovarian tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Cecal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16035148.001).
  • [ISSN] 0324-0959
  • [Journal-full-title] Akusherstvo i ginekologii︠a︡
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Akush Ginekol (Sofiia)
  • [Language] bul
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bulgaria
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34. Driss M, Limaiem F, Mrad K, Charfi L, Abbes I, Sassi S, Hechiche M, Saadi A, Ben Romdhane K: [Malignant degeneration of benign cystic teratoma of the ovary with synchronous mediastinal teratoma. A case report]. Rev Med Interne; 2009 Apr;30(4):369-71
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  • [Title] [Malignant degeneration of benign cystic teratoma of the ovary with synchronous mediastinal teratoma. A case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Association synchrone d'un tératome de l'ovaire cancérisé associé à un tératome du médiastin. A propos d'un cas.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is an uncommon complication occurring usually in elderly woman.
  • We present an unusual case of a post-menopausal woman with a synchronous mediastinum teratoma.
  • While ovary tumor was symptomatic, mediastinal teratoma was an incidental finding.

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  • (PMID = 18722037.001).
  • [ISSN] 0248-8663
  • [Journal-full-title] La Revue de medecine interne
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Interne
  • [Language] FRE
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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35. [TUBERCULOUS SALPINGITIS IN THE STAGE OF CALCIFICATION TO CASEOUS NECROSIS IN TEENAGE GIRL]. Tuberk Biolezni Legkih; 2010;(6):67-9
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  • Ovarian dermoid cysts and calcified lymph nodes are differentially diagnosed.
  • Diagnosis and treatment require surgical intervention (laparotomy, laparoscopy), sanitization of an infection focus, chemotherapy.

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  • (PMID = 27534060.001).
  • [ISSN] 2075-1230
  • [Journal-full-title] Tuberkulez i bolezni legkikh
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tuberk Biolezni Legkih
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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36. Leblebici C, Behzatoğlu K, Yildiz P, Koçyildiz Z, Bozkurt S: Extrarenal Wilms' tumor of the uterus with ovarian dermoid cyst. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol; 2009 May;144(1):94-5
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  • [Title] Extrarenal Wilms' tumor of the uterus with ovarian dermoid cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis. Wilms Tumor / diagnosis


37. Hackethal A, Brueggmann D, Bohlmann MK, Franke FE, Tinneberg HR, Münstedt K: Squamous-cell carcinoma in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: systematic review and analysis of published data. Lancet Oncol; 2008 Dec;9(12):1173-80
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  • [Title] Squamous-cell carcinoma in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: systematic review and analysis of published data.
  • Up to a quarter of ovarian masses originate from germ cells, and many of these are mature cystic teratomas.
  • The secondary development of malignancy is a rare but well-known phenomenon in patients with ovarian teratomas.
  • Squamous-cell carcinoma accounts for 80% of secondary malignant transformations of ovarian teratomas.
  • Squamous-cell carcinoma in mature cystic teratoma was mainly found in women aged more than 50 years, with high concentrations of squamous-cell-carcinoma antigen and cancer antigen CA125, and with ovarian tumours more than 100 mm in size.
  • We make proposals for investigation and treatment of this rare disorder.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell. Ovarian Neoplasms. Teratoma

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  • [ErratumIn] Lancet Oncol. 2009 May;10(5):446
  • (PMID = 19038764.001).
  • [ISSN] 1474-5488
  • [Journal-full-title] The Lancet. Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lancet Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen
  • [Number-of-references] 91
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38. Iwasa A, Oda Y, Kaneki E, Ohishi Y, Kurihara S, Yamada T, Hirakawa T, Wake N, Tsuneyoshi M: Squamous cell carcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: an immunohistochemical analysis of its tumorigenesis. Histopathology; 2007 Jul;51(1):98-104
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  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: an immunohistochemical analysis of its tumorigenesis.
  • AIMS: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most common form of malignant transformation in mature cystic teratoma (MCT) of the ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Keratin-18 / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism. Epithelium / metabolism. Epithelium / pathology. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Keratin-10 / genetics. Keratin-10 / metabolism. Middle Aged. Ovary / metabolism. Ovary / pathology


39. Iwata A, Matsubara K, Umemoto Y, Hashimoto K, Fukaya T: Spontaneous rupture of benign ovarian cystic teratoma in a premenarcheal girl. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2009 Oct;22(5):e121-3
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  • [Title] Spontaneous rupture of benign ovarian cystic teratoma in a premenarcheal girl.
  • BACKGROUND: Spontaneous rupture of benign cystic ovarian teratoma is an unusual occurrence.
  • Under a radiological diagnosis of cystic ovarian teratoma, she underwent laparoscopic cystectomy, preserving as much ovarian tissue as possible.
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION: We present the youngest and first premenarcheal case of spontaneous rupture of cystic ovarian teratoma.
  • Early diagnosis and minimally invasive surgical procedure are essential to preserve future fertility.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19576813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Lataifeh I, Abdel-Hadi M, Morcos B, Sughayer M, Barahmeh S: Papillary thyroid carcinoma arising from mature cystic teratoma of the ovary. J Obstet Gynaecol; 2010;30(8):884-6
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  • [Title] Papillary thyroid carcinoma arising from mature cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovary / pathology. Teratoma / pathology. Thyroid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21126146.001).
  • [ISSN] 1364-6893
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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41. Upadhye V, Gujral S, Maheshwari A, Wuntkal R, Gupta S, Tongaonkar H: Benign cystic teratoma of ovary perforating into small intestine with co-existent typhoid fever. Indian J Gastroenterol; 2005 Sep-Oct;24(5):216-7
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  • [Title] Benign cystic teratoma of ovary perforating into small intestine with co-existent typhoid fever.
  • Intra-peritoneal rupture or perforation into adjacent abdominal viscera is a rare complication of benign cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst) of the ovary.
  • We report a 48-year-old woman in whom an ovarian dermoid cyst perforated into a loop of the small bowel.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Perforation / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Teratoma / complications. Typhoid Fever / complications

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  • (PMID = 16361767.001).
  • [ISSN] 0254-8860
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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42. Kavallaris A, Mytas S, Chalvatzas N, Nikolettos N, Diedrich K, Bohlmann MK, Hornemann A: Seven years' experience in laparoscopic dissection of intact ovarian dermoid cysts. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 2010 Mar;89(3):390-2
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  • [Title] Seven years' experience in laparoscopic dissection of intact ovarian dermoid cysts.
  • A large case series on laparoscopic removal of dermoid cysts with a diameter between 3 and 12 cm, via an endobag, is reported (127 cysts in 121 premenopausal women).
  • The incidence of spillage and recurrence rate of laparoscopic ovarian dermoid cystectomy, the duration of the surgical procedure, the length of hospitalization, the incidence of recurrence and pregnancies was evaluated.
  • No signs or symptoms of peritonitis were observed regardless of cystic spillage or not.
  • Laparoscopic cystectomy of dermoid cysts in premenopausal women is safe and effective and appears to be a valuable alternative to laparotomy.
  • Controlled intraperitoneal spillage of cyst contents does not increase postoperative morbidity as long as an endobag is used and the peritoneal cavity is washed out thoroughly.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19852568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0412
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. Yamanaka Y, Tateiwa Y, Miyamoto H, Umemoto Y, Takeuchi Y, Katayama K, Hashimoto K: Preoperative diagnosis of malignant transformation in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2005;26(4):391-2
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  • [Title] Preoperative diagnosis of malignant transformation in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • OBJECTIVE: Malignant transformation of mature cystic teratomas (MCT) of the ovary is extremely rare.
  • There are no established criteria of diagnosis before surgery for carcinoma arising from MCT of the ovary.
  • Thus, we analyzed retrospectively tumor size and preoperative values of tumor markers in patients with MCT and investigated the possibility of preoperative diagnosis.
  • METHODS: This was a retrospective case series of 278 patients with MCT of the ovary.
  • Mean tumor size and serum SCC level were significantly higher than those of benign MCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / blood. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Child. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16122185.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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44. Dede M, Gungor S, Yenen MC, Alanbay I, Duru NK, Haşimi A: CA19-9 may have clinical significance in mature cystic teratomas of the ovary. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jan-Feb;16(1):189-93
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  • [Title] CA19-9 may have clinical significance in mature cystic teratomas of the ovary.
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate size, bilaterality, histopathologic origin, and the serum levels of some tumor markers in patients with mature cystic teratomas (MCTs) of the ovary.
  • Ovarian MCTs were diagnosed especially during the reproductive period.
  • CA19-9 may be the only important marker in the diagnosis of MCTs.
  • Since levels of CA19-9 and CA125 may be elevated in both benign and malignant conditions, interpretation of these findings must be made in light of the clinical condition of the patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. CA-19-9 Antigen / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / genetics. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16445632.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-19-9 Antigen
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45. Min KJ, Jee BC, Lee HS, Kim YB: Intestinal adenocarcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report. Pathol Res Pract; 2006;202(7):531-5
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  • [Title] Intestinal adenocarcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report.
  • Gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma arising in mature cystic teratomas of the ovary is extremely rare.
  • We report a case of well-differentiated intestinal adenocarcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary in a 77-year-old woman, presenting as acute abdomen with ovarian torsion.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Intestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16713128.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / KRT20 protein, human; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / MUC2 protein, human; 0 / Mucin-2; 0 / Mucins; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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46. Tsakiri SP, Turk CA, Lally KP, Garg K, Morris B: Atypical Meigs' syndrome in a neonate with ovarian torsion associated with an ovarian dermoid cyst. Pediatr Surg Int; 2005 May;21(5):407-9
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  • [Title] Atypical Meigs' syndrome in a neonate with ovarian torsion associated with an ovarian dermoid cyst.
  • We describe a female neonate with ovarian torsion, ovarian follicular and dermoid cysts, congenital ascites, pleural effusions, and respiratory distress.
  • This is the first report in a neonate of this syndrome in association with congenital ovarian disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / congenital. Meigs Syndrome / complications. Ovarian Cysts / congenital. Ovarian Neoplasms / congenital

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  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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47. Brustmann H: Intestinal metastases in a squamous cell carcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Dec;10(6):374-5
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  • [Title] Intestinal metastases in a squamous cell carcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report.
  • Metastatic spread to the intestines by squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) arising in mature cystic teratoma (MCT) or dermoid cyst is a very rare event.
  • A case of a 40-year-old cachectic woman is presented with an MCT of the left ovary found at autopsy.
  • Focal mural thickening of the cyst wall harbored a moderately differentiated SCC with single cell keratinization.
  • In this unusual case, metastasizing SCC of the ovary arising in an MCT led to suppurative peritonitis and consequently to death of the patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Intestinal Neoplasms / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / secondary


48. Tate G, Tajiri T, Suzuki T, Mitsuya T: Mutations of the KIT gene and loss of heterozygosity of the PTEN region in a primary malignant melanoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Apr 1;190(1):15-20
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  • [Title] Mutations of the KIT gene and loss of heterozygosity of the PTEN region in a primary malignant melanoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • A frequent loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at 10q is found in melanoma; however, little is known about the role of PTEN in the pathogenesis of a primary malignant melanoma derived from ovarian mature cystic teratoma, which is an extremely rare melanoma.
  • This study examined the genetic alterations involved in the mitogen-activated protein kinase and phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase pathways in an ovarian malignant melanoma.
  • A LOH analysis revealed hemizygous deletion around and in the PTEN gene not only in the ovarian melanoma but also in a mature cystic teratoma.
  • Another case of ovarian mature cystic teratomas in the absence of melanoma also showed allelic loss of the PTEN region.
  • In the present study, D816H and K558E mutations of the KIT gene were revealed in the melanoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma, but not in a mature cystic teratoma.
  • These results indicate that LOH of the PTEN region is one of the molecular alterations of an ovarian mature cystic teratoma and a KIT mutation is an additional promotional event associated with the oncogenesis of a melanoma arising from an ovarian mature cystic teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Loss of Heterozygosity / physiology. Melanoma / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. PTEN Phosphohydrolase / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics. Teratoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. DNA Mutational Analysis. Dermoid Cyst / genetics. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Female. Humans. Mutation / physiology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / genetics. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology


49. Chappell NP, Irisari LG: Degenerating uterine myomas mimic ovarian dermoid cysts in a postmenopausal woman. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2010 Nov-Dec;17(6):684-5
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  • [Title] Degenerating uterine myomas mimic ovarian dermoid cysts in a postmenopausal woman.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / diagnosis. Leiomyomatosis / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Postmenopause

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  • (PMID = 20955979.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4669
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Walid MS, Boddy MG: Bilateral dermoid cysts of the ovary in a pregnant woman: case report and review of the literature. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2009 Feb;279(2):105-8
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  • [Title] Bilateral dermoid cysts of the ovary in a pregnant woman: case report and review of the literature.
  • OBJECTIVE: Most nonphysiological ovarian masses discovered during pregnancy are benign dermoid cysts.
  • The association of dermoid cysts with pregnancy has been increasingly reported since 1918.
  • RESULT: The bilateral dermoid cysts were surgically treated in the second trimester.
  • CONCLUSION: Most references state that it is more feasible to treat bilateral dermoid cysts of the ovaries discovered during pregnancy if they grow beyond 6 cm in diameter.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / diagnosis. Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18509663.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 39
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51. Junaid I, Paz R, Salihu HM, Sharma PP, Aliyu ZY: Pseudo-Meig's syndrome with multiple synchronous benign and malignant pelvic tumors. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2006 Feb;273(5):315-8
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  • [Title] Pseudo-Meig's syndrome with multiple synchronous benign and malignant pelvic tumors.
  • BACKGROUND: Meig's and Pseudo-Meig's syndromes have been reported in association with several malignancies but the concomitant existence of multiple synchronous benign and malignant tumors in association with Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome has not been reported in the published literature.
  • CASE: A 55-year old African American woman presented with mild asthma exercebation, right ovarian mass, hydrothorax and elevated CA-125 levels.
  • Histological examination confirmed a right ovarian carcinoid tumor embedded within a mature cystic teratoma while the left ovary, fallopian tube and the uterus contained a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
  • CONCLUSION: This is the first case report of Pseudo-Meig's syndrome in association with ovarian carcinoid tumor and multiple synchronous benign and malignant pelvic tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Asthma / complications. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Carcinoid Tumor / complications. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Endometrial Neoplasms / complications. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / complications. Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / pathology. Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Hydrothorax / complications. Middle Aged. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / complications. Teratoma / pathology. Teratoma / surgery. Uterine Neoplasms / complications. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16136360.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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52. Mülayim B, Gürakan H, Dagli V, Mülayim S, Aydin O, Akkaya H: Unaware of a giant serous cyst adenoma: a case report. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2006 Mar;273(6):381-3
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  • [Title] Unaware of a giant serous cyst adenoma: a case report.
  • A case of 36-year-old nonmarried virgin woman presenting a giant ovarian serous cyst adenoma weighing 9.5 kg is reported here.
  • Ovarian neoplasms may be divided by origin cell type into three main groups: epithelial, stromal and germ cell.
  • The single most common benign ovarian neoplasm is the benign cystic teratoma; however, according to some studies it is serous cyst adenoma.
  • On abdominal ultrasound, a giant cyst was found which encompassed the whole abdomen.
  • At laparotomy, a giant, totally cystic, vascularized and smooth mass attached to the right ovary was encountered, lying between the symphysis and the xiphoid.
  • Her pathology report disclosed a 35 x 20 x 16 cm(3) serous cyst adenoma weighing 9.5 kg.
  • This is the largest ovarian cyst that ever reported from our hospital and one of the largest among the reported cases in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Serous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16249904.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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53. Sánchez Andrés A, Valdés Diéguez E, Marco Macián A, Carrasco Moreno JI: [Immature ovarian tumour and dilated myocardiopathy]. An Pediatr (Barc); 2010 Dec;73(6):347-51
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  • [Title] [Immature ovarian tumour and dilated myocardiopathy].
  • [Transliterated title] Teratoma inmaduro de ovario y miocardiopatía dilatada.
  • The ultrasound examination showed a solid-cystic tumour above the left kidney.
  • The highly vascularised retroperitoneal tumour was resected without incident and confirmed the diagnosis of an immature Norris grade 2 teratoma grade.
  • Teratomas are rare tumours in childhood that generally have a benign course.
  • Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) secondary to, chromaffin cell tumours (phaeochromocytoma, neuroblastoma, ganglioneuroblastoma), leukaemia infiltrates, and treatment with anthracyclines have been described, but there is no case reported in the literature regarding a teratoma with dilated cardiomyopathy.
  • [MeSH-major] Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Teratoma / complications

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Asociación Española de Pediatría. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20863775.001).
  • [ISSN] 1695-9531
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales de pediatría (Barcelona, Spain : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Pediatr (Barc)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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54. Ishikawa M, Nakayama K, Yeasmin S, Katagiri A, Iida K, Nakayama N, Miyazaki K: [Paclitaxel + carboplatin (TC)-resistant stage Ic squamous cell carcinomas arising in mature cystic teratomas of the ovary]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Apr;37(4):747-52
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  • [Title] [Paclitaxel + carboplatin (TC)-resistant stage Ic squamous cell carcinomas arising in mature cystic teratomas of the ovary].
  • Malignant transformation of an ovarian mature cystic teratoma is very rare; it arises in about 1-2% of all dermoid cysts.
  • In Case 1, a 78-year-old woman was diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary after undergoing right salpingo-oophorectomy (RSO).
  • The results of TAE, however, showed that it may be an effective second-line therapy for recurrent squamous cell carcinoma arising from a mature cystic teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Carboplatin / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Drug Resistance, Multiple. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy. Paclitaxel / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 20414041.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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55. Kaminski P, Gajewska M, Wielgos M, Szymusik I: Laparoscopic management of dermoid cysts in patients of reproductive age. Neuro Endocrinol Lett; 2006 Dec;27(6):818-21
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic management of dermoid cysts in patients of reproductive age.
  • OBJECTIVE: Ovarian dermoid cysts are one of the most common germ cell tumors in women.
  • The aim of the study was to analyze the use of laparoscopy in dermoid cysts treatment in women of reproductive age.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The studied material consisted of 95 patients, aged 17-49, operated on because of dermoid cyst suspicion at the 1st Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, in the years 1996-2005.
  • All the patients had pre-operative CA-125 antigen evaluation and transvaginal sonography with Doppler assessment of the ovarian pathology.
  • Out of 95 studied cases, 93 (97.9%) had the cyst removed during laparoscopy, mostly elective.
  • Dermoid cyst enucleation was the most commonly applied procedure, while oophorectomy was the least frequent.
  • The whole gonad was removed in 33 patients (34.7%), generally because of the total loss of functional ovarian tissue surrounding the cyst (28 women; 29.5%).
  • All the extracted material was submitted for a histopathological examination--the diagnosis of mature ovarian cystic teratoma was confirmed in 100% of cases.
  • In 85 (89.5%) operated patients an ovarian tumor was earlier described as a dermoid cyst.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic treatment of ovarian dermoid cysts is a safe method, offering many advantages in comparison to classical surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17187015.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-780X
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro endocrinology letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuro Endocrinol. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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56. Zheng HF, Jiang BY, Shen DH: [Signet ring cell carcinoma arising from mature cystic teratoma of the ovary]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Sep;34(9):610-1
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  • [Title] [Signet ring cell carcinoma arising from mature cystic teratoma of the ovary].
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / pathology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16468323.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Keratin-20; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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57. Dhorigol VM, Malur PR, Natu: Primary malignant melanoma of the ovary--a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2005 Apr;48(2):213-5
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  • [Title] Primary malignant melanoma of the ovary--a case report.
  • Primary malignant melanoma arising in the ovary is extremely rare.
  • It is known to occur in association with benign cystic teratoma especially in post menopausal women.
  • We report one such case of a primary malignant melanoma of the ovary, occurring in a premenopausal woman, after thorough examination of the patient to rule out a primary elsewhere.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma. Ovarian Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 16758670.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Number-of-references] 8
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58. Tongsong T, Wanapirak C, Khunamornpong S, Sukpan K: Numerous intracystic floating balls as a sonographic feature of benign cystic teratoma: report of 5 cases. J Ultrasound Med; 2006 Dec;25(12):1587-91
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  • [Title] Numerous intracystic floating balls as a sonographic feature of benign cystic teratoma: report of 5 cases.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this series was to describe the unusual but unique sonographic pattern of mature cystic teratoma.
  • RESULTS: All 5 cases showed the similar sonographic pattern of a large cystic tumor filled with multiple echogenic spherical structures floating in the cystic background.
  • However, there was no vascularization in the balls, which suggested a benign nature.
  • The postoperative pathologic diagnosis was mature cystic teratoma without any malignant component in all cases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The sonographic feature of intracystic floating echogenic balls is probably pathognomonic for mature teratoma and is easily detected in most cases.
  • Color Doppler sonography is helpful in differentiating these benign nodules (small balls) from malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Teratoma / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 17121955.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-4297
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Büyükka Bay S, Corapcioglu F, Kavurt S, Müezzinoğlu B, Anik Y, Tugay M: Oligodendroglioma arising in a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in a child. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Nov;27(8):636-40
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  • [Title] Oligodendroglioma arising in a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in a child.
  • In childhood mature cystic teratomas are the most common type of ovarian germ cell tumors.
  • Tumors of neuroepithelial origin are extremely rare in mature teratomas.
  • To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report oligodendroglioma arising in a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in children.
  • An ultrasound examination showed a monolateral multicystic, calcific ovarian mass, measuring approximately 6 x 5 cm, arising in the left over and adnexia, suggesting a teratoma.
  • On histopatological examination, various samples from cystic areas had mature tissues from all 3 germ cell layers, including skin, bone, bronchial structures, and cerebellum.
  • Based on the typical morphological features, the cased was diagnosed as mature cystic teratoma with low-grade oligodendroglioma.
  • To the authors' knowledge, there are a few reports in the literature of an oligodendroglioma arising in an ovarian teratoma in adults and this presented patient is the first case in childhood.
  • [MeSH-major] Oligodendroglioma / diagnosis. Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis


60. Nitinavakarn B, Prasertjaroensook V, Kularkaew C: Spontaneous rupture of an ovarian dermoid cyst associated with intra-abdominal chemical peritonitis: characteristic CT findings and literature review. J Med Assoc Thai; 2006 Apr;89(4):513-7
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  • [Title] Spontaneous rupture of an ovarian dermoid cyst associated with intra-abdominal chemical peritonitis: characteristic CT findings and literature review.
  • A case of ruptured ovarian dermoid is documented including the characteristic CT findings of chemical peritonitis based on the fatty peritoneal fluid content similar to that found in fatty dermoids.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Peritonitis / diagnosis. Rupture, Spontaneous / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16696398.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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61. Mandal S, Kawatra V, Khurana N: Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma ovary and associated pseudomyxoma peritonei: report of a case. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2008 Sep;278(3):265-7
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  • [Title] Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma arising in mature cystic teratoma ovary and associated pseudomyxoma peritonei: report of a case.
  • Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is most commonly associated with intra-abdominal spread of an appendiceal mucinous neoplasm and very rarely seen in cases of primary ovarian tumours.
  • Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma giving rise to PMP is even rarer.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18293005.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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62. Shariat-Torbaghan S, Emami-Aleagha M, Sedighi S, Azadbakht F, Keshvari A, Hajarizadeh B, Rosai J: Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an ovarian mature cystic teratoma: a case report. Arch Iran Med; 2009 Mar;12(2):186-9
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  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma arising in an ovarian mature cystic teratoma: a case report.
  • Malignant transformation in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is rare.
  • In the present report, we describe a case of advanced-stage squamous cell carcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma.
  • A postmenopausal 63-year-old woman with squamous cell carcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma is presented.
  • Histopatholog was compatible with squamous cell carcinoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / ultrasonography. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / ultrasonography. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Teratoma / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 19249893.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2977
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of Iranian medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Iran Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 12001-76-2 / Vitamin B Complex; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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63. Sinha R, Sundaram M, Lakhotia S: Multiple intraabdominal parasitic cystic teratomas. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2009 Nov-Dec;16(6):789-91
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  • [Title] Multiple intraabdominal parasitic cystic teratomas.
  • We report an interesting case of multiple intraabdominal dermoids in a patient who had undergone an excision of ovarian dermoid cyst earlier and presented with recurrence of symptoms.
  • She had masses all over the abdominal wall, omentum, and pouch of Douglas and a dermoid cyst in the ovary as well.
  • It is generally believed that autoamputation and reimplantation of an ovarian dermoid cyst is the most common cause of omental teratomas.
  • Both ultrasonography with color-flow Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomography are helpful in the diagnosis of dermoid tumors, but the correct diagnosis of omental localization is extremely difficult.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Neoplasms / surgery. Dermoid Cyst / surgery. Douglas' Pouch / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Omentum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19896613.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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64. Hwang JH, So KA, Modi G, Lee JK, Lee NW, Lee KW, Kim I: Borderline-like mucinous tumor arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary associated with pseudomyxoma peritonei. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2009 Jul;28(4):376-80
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  • [Title] Borderline-like mucinous tumor arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary associated with pseudomyxoma peritonei.
  • However, a mucinous neoplasm arising in a mature cystic teratoma is rarely responsible for PMP.
  • We herein report 2 cases of PMP associated with borderline mucinous tumors arising in mature cystic teratoma.
  • Both ovarian borderline mucinous tumors were morphologically and immunohistochemically similar to the secondary tumors from appendiceal origin, and PMP was histologically similar to peritoneal adenomucinosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19483624.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Kusaka M, Mikuni M: Ectopic ovary: a case of autoamputated ovary with mature cystic teratoma into the cul-de-sac. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2007 Jun;33(3):368-70
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  • [Title] Ectopic ovary: a case of autoamputated ovary with mature cystic teratoma into the cul-de-sac.
  • An ovary with a mature cystic teratoma which was autoamputated into the cul-de-sac and confirmed by laparoscopy is described.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a left ovarian mass of 5 cm in diameter.
  • The mass was identified in the cul-de-sac partly enveloped in the omentum without any ligamentous or direct connection with the pelvic organs.
  • There was no left ovary in its proper anatomical location.
  • Histopathologic study revealed a mature cystic teratoma with viable ovarian tissue.
  • These findings suggested autoamputation of the ovary either by inflammation or torsion, which is one of the mechanisms for the formation of an ectopic ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Douglas' Pouch / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovary / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17578369.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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66. Zaragoza Vargas PE, Dickter S, Baquera Heredia J, Ortiz Hidalgo C: [Gastric wall in benign cystic teratoma of the ovary]. Ginecol Obstet Mex; 2007 Jan;75(1):43-5
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  • [Title] [Gastric wall in benign cystic teratoma of the ovary].
  • [Transliterated title] Pared gástrica en teratoma quístico benigno de ovario.
  • We present the clinicopathlogical features of an ovarian mature cystic teratoma with a fully developed gastric wall containing an extensive peptic ulcer.
  • There are only two previous reported cases of gastric mucosa with a peptic ulcer in an ovarian teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastric Mucosa. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17542268.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9041
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginecología y obstetricia de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginecol Obstet Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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67. Sakuma M, Otsuki T, Yoshinaga K, Utsunomiya H, Nagase S, Takano T, Niikura H, Ito K, Otomo K, Tase T, Watanabe Y, Yaegashi N: Malignant transformation arising from mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a retrospective study of 20 cases. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Jul;20(5):766-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malignant transformation arising from mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a retrospective study of 20 cases.
  • OBJECTIVES: Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) of the ovary rarely undergoes malignant transformation (MT).
  • Malignant transformation carries a significantly worse prognosis than epithelial ovarian cancer, regardless of whether postoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy is applied.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20973266.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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68. Budiman HD, Burges A, Rühl IM, Friese K, Hasbargen U: Squamous cell carcinoma arising in a dermoid cyst of the ovary in pregnancy. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2010 Mar;281(3):535-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma arising in a dermoid cyst of the ovary in pregnancy.
  • BACKGROUND: A rare complication of mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is malignant transformation, mostly being squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • CASE: A 41-year-old pregnant woman presented with a right ovarian tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / pathology. Ovarian Cysts / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / pathology


69. Sonn TS, Merritt DF: Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis: an adolescent with an ovarian teratoma. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2010 Oct;23(5):e141-4
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  • [Title] Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis: an adolescent with an ovarian teratoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis has been reported to be associated with ovarian teratomas.
  • Imaging revealed an adnexal mass which was surgically removed and confirmed to be a mature teratoma.
  • COMMENTS: Cystic teratomas are one of the most common benign ovarian lesions in children and young women.
  • While an association of ovarian teratomas and paraneoplastic encephalitis is published in the neurologic literature, this association needs to be clarified for the practicing gynecologist who may be asked to consult on these patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoantibodies / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / etiology. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / immunology. Teratoma / complications

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20605495.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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70. Chen M, Wang WC, Zhou C, Zhou NN, Cai K, Yang ZH, Zhao WF, Li SY, Li GZ: Differentiation between malignant and benign ovarian tumors by magnetic resonance imaging. Chin Med Sci J; 2006 Dec;21(4):270-5
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  • [Title] Differentiation between malignant and benign ovarian tumors by magnetic resonance imaging.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of an ovarian mass which are most predictive of malignancy and assess the value of intravenous gadolinium administration in the characterization of an ovarian mass.
  • RESULTS: The most predictive MR imaging findings for malignancy were presence of vegetations in a cystic lesion and presence of necrosis in a solid lesion.
  • Total 70 ovarian masses were detected by contrast-enhanced MR imaging including 37 malignant ovarian masses and 33 benign ovarian masses with 87% (61/70) accuracy, 86% (32/37) sensitivity, 88% (29/33) specificity, 89% (32/36) positive predictive value, and 85% (29/34) negative predictive value, whereas 70 ovarian masses were detected by unenhanced MR imaging with 74% (52/70) accuracy, 73% (27/37) sensitivity, 76% (25/33) specificity, 77% (27/35) positive predictive value, and 71% (25/35) negative predictive value.

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  • (PMID = 17249204.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-9294
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical sciences journal = Chung-kuo i hsueh k'o hsueh tsa chih
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. Sci. J.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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71. Peitsidou A, Peitsidis P, Goumalatsos N, Papaspyrou R, Mitropoulou G, Georgoulias N: Diagnosis of an autoamputated ovary with dermoid cyst during a Cesarean section. Fertil Steril; 2009 Apr;91(4):1294.e9-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diagnosis of an autoamputated ovary with dermoid cyst during a Cesarean section.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report an extremely rare case of an autoamputated ovary with a dermoid cyst diagnosed during a Cesarean section and review the literature.
  • PATIENT(S): A 33-year-old pregnant woman submitted to Cesarean section and was incidentally diagnosed with absence of the right ovary, implanted in the cul-de-sac.
  • INTERVENTION(S): Cesarean section and extraction of a pedunculated tumor formation from the cul-de-sac, adhesiolysis.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Histologic analysis of the extracted morphoma confirmed the diagnosis of a dermoid cyst with coexistence of residual ovarian tissue.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Ovarian autoamputation is an extremely rare phenomenon that has uncertain etiology; it may develop after ovarian torsion or torsion of a dermoid cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Cesarean Section. Choristoma / diagnosis. Dermoid Cyst / diagnosis. Genital Diseases, Female / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Amputation, Traumatic / diagnosis. Amputation, Traumatic / etiology. Female. Humans. Incidental Findings. Pregnancy. Torsion Abnormality / complications. Torsion Abnormality / diagnosis. Torsion Abnormality / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19176224.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. da Silva BB, dos Santos AR, Lopes-Costa PV, Sousa-Júnior EC, Correa-Lima MV, Pires CG: Ovarian dermoid cyst with malignant transformation and rupture of the capsule associated with chemical peritonitis: a case report and literature review. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2009;30(2):226-8
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  • [Title] Ovarian dermoid cyst with malignant transformation and rupture of the capsule associated with chemical peritonitis: a case report and literature review.
  • Malignant transformation of ovarian dermoid cysts is rare and spontaneous rupture provoking chemical peritonitis is even rarer.
  • Laparotomy in a 75-year-old Brazilian woman with abdominal pain and signs of peritoneal irritation revealed a voluminous right ovarian cyst with rupture of the capsule, an abundant quantity of fatty material in the abdominal cavity, and signs of peritonitis.
  • Histopathology confirmed a dermoid cyst with a well-differentiated area of epidermoid carcinoma.
  • Rupture of a dermoid cyst of the ovary resulting in chemical peritonitis is very rare and may be associated with malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritonitis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19480264.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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73. Hosokawa T, Sato Y, Seki T, Maebara M, Ito K, Kuribayashi S: Malignant transformation of a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with rupture. Jpn J Radiol; 2010 Jun;28(5):372-5
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  • [Title] Malignant transformation of a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with rupture.
  • Malignant transformation or tumor rupture is a rare complication of ovarian mature cystic teratomas.
  • We present computed tomography (CT) images of a 52-year-old woman that revealed a large, predominantly cystic mass filled with fat and enhanced solid components located in the lower abdomen.
  • Ten days later, the cystic mass ruptured, and massive ascites was observed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • To our knowledge, there are no reports describing before and after images of a ruptured cystic teratoma with malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • [Cites] AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2004 Sep;183(3):743-50 [15333365.001]
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  • (PMID = 20585926.001).
  • [ISSN] 1867-108X
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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74. Khoo CK, Chua I, Siow A, Chern B: Parasitic dermoid cyst of the pouch of Douglas: a case report. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2008 Nov-Dec;15(6):761-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Parasitic dermoid cyst of the pouch of Douglas: a case report.
  • Extragonadal mature cystic teratomas (dermoid cysts) are reported occasionally, with the most common site being the omentum.
  • Of the 3 proposed causes of such cysts, torsion of a pre-existing dermoid, leading to autoamputation and subsequent reimplantation, is most likely the preceding event.
  • A rare case of a parasitic benign cystic teratoma was incidentally found in the pouch of Douglas in a 29-year-old woman undergoing a laparoscopic right cystectomy for an ovarian dermoid cyst.
  • A literature review indicates that this is the third reported case of a parasitic or wandering dermoid cyst of the pouch of Douglas.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / surgery. Douglas' Pouch / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Peritoneal Diseases / parasitology. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18971145.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Hurwitz JL, Fenton A, McCluggage WG, McKenna S: Squamous cell carcinoma arising in a dermoid cyst of the ovary: a case series. BJOG; 2007 Oct;114(10):1283-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma arising in a dermoid cyst of the ovary: a case series.
  • OBJECTIVE: Malignant transformation in a dermoid cyst of the ovary is a rare complication, occurring in only 1-2% of cases, with squamous cell carcinoma being the most common type.
  • Preoperative diagnosis is difficult because of the lack of specific symptoms and signs to suggest malignancy.
  • DESIGN: We identified 14 women with this diagnosis between 1989 and 2006.
  • This is a descriptive study, looking at the patient characteristics, mode of presentation and the role of tumour markers and radiological imaging in diagnosis.
  • RESULTS: We found that these tumours present at an age older than that of mature teratomas and that there are no reliable diagnostic tools or prognostic indicators.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17877681.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-0528
  • [Journal-full-title] BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJOG
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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76. Agaimy A, Lindner M, Wuensch PH: Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary. Histopathology; 2006 Jan;48(2):208-9
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  • [Title] Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16405675.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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77. Briones-Landa CH, Ayala-Yáñez R, Leroy-López L, Anaya-Coeto H, Santarosa-Pérez MA, Reyes-Muñoz E: [Comparison of laparoscopic vs. laparotomy treatment in ovarian teratomas]. Ginecol Obstet Mex; 2010 Oct;78(10):527-32
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Comparison of laparoscopic vs. laparotomy treatment in ovarian teratomas].
  • BACKGROUND: Benign cystic teratoma is one of the most common benign tumors of the ovary, according to international series represents between 44 and 62% of all ovarian tumors diagnosed in women younger than 40 years.
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety between laparoscopy and laparotomy in the management of ovarian teratomas, as well as the recurrence between both techniques.
  • MATERIALS AND METHOD: Retrospective, clinical series study involving 169 cases of ovarian teratomas operated at the Instituto Nacional de Perinatología Isidro Espinosa de los Reyes in the period comprehended between 2000-2008.
  • Surgical bleeding: 55.7 +/- 21.4 mL vs. 91.6 +/- 29.2 mL (p < 0.0001), hospital stay: 1.6 +/- 0.57 vs. 2.7 +/- 0.42 days (p < 0.0001), surgical time: 110.3 +/- 27.2 vs. 83.6 +/- 26.9 minutes (p < 0.0001), teratoma size: 7.2 +/- 2.3 vs. 11.5 +/- 4.2 cm (p < 0.0001) in groups 1 and 2, respectively.
  • Teratoma rupture had 57.8% incidence (59 cases) in group 1, and 16.4% in group 2 (11 cases).
  • Laparoscopy was a risk factor for broken open for ovarian cyst (OR: 6.9; CI 95%: 3.3-14.8).
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy. Laparotomy. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Blood Loss, Surgical. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Dermoid Cyst / blood. Dermoid Cyst / surgery. Dermoid Cyst / ultrasonography. Female. Humans. Intraoperative Complications / etiology. Length of Stay / statistics & numerical data. Ovarian Cysts / blood. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Ovarian Cysts / ultrasonography. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Predictive Value of Tests. Retrospective Studies. Rupture / etiology. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21966769.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9041
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginecología y obstetricia de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginecol Obstet Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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78. Tangjitgamol S, Hanprasertpong J, Manusirivithaya S, Wootipoom V, Thavaramara T, Buhachat R: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors: clinico-pathological presentation and survival outcomes. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 2010;89(2):182-9
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  • [Title] Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors: clinico-pathological presentation and survival outcomes.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate clinico-pathological features, treatment, survival, and prognostic factors of patients with malignant ovarian germ cell tumors.
  • POPULATION: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumor patients treated between January 1996 and December 2007.
  • Patients with malignant tumors arising from benign cystic teratoma were excluded.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors have a good prognosis with conservative surgical treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / mortality. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / mortality. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19961281.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0412
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta obstetricia et gynecologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
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79. Park EA, Cho JY, Lee MW, Kim SH, Seong CK, Kim SH: MR features of fluid-fluid levels in ovarian masses. Eur Radiol; 2007 Dec;17(12):3247-54
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  • [Title] MR features of fluid-fluid levels in ovarian masses.
  • To evaluate retrospectively the frequency and imaging features of fluid-fluid levels (FFLs) in pathologically proven ovarian masses on magnetic resonance (MR) images.
  • The authors reviewed the preoperative MR findings of 556 ovarian masses in 428 patients.
  • In non-teratomas, we assessed whether SI of the FFLs of benign masses and malignant neoplasms differed using the chi(2) test.
  • FFLs were observed in 66 of 556 ovarian masses (11.9%) on MR images, fat-fluid levels were observed in 11 of 80 teratomas, and FFLs attributed to hemorrhage in 54 of 476 non-teratomas and one twisted teratoma.
  • Non-neoplastic cystic lesions were most common non-teratomas to contain FFLs (27/197, 13.7%), followed by malignant neoplasms (23/177, 13.0%).
  • Benign neoplasms rarely contained FFLs (4/102, 3.9%); those that did were commonly associated with complications such as torsion or inflammation.
  • A hypointense supernatant layer together with a hyperintense dependent layer on T1-weighted images (T1WIs) was significantly more common in malignant neoplasms than in benign masses (P < 0.0001).
  • FFLs occurred in various ovarian masses ranging from benign to malignant neoplasms on MR images.
  • In non-teratomas, a hypointense supernatant layer and a hyperintense dependent layer on T1WIs may favor a diagnosis of malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovarian Diseases / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Chi-Square Distribution. Child. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gadolinium DTPA. Humans. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17639405.001).
  • [ISSN] 0938-7994
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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80. Kwon MJ, Nam ES, Cho SJ, Shin HS, Na YS, Chang JH, Kim IS: Bowel loop in an ovarian tumor: grossly visible, completely developed intestinal loop in mature cystic teratoma of malignant mixed germ cell tumor. Pathol Int; 2009 Jul;59(7):479-81
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  • [Title] Bowel loop in an ovarian tumor: grossly visible, completely developed intestinal loop in mature cystic teratoma of malignant mixed germ cell tumor.
  • Although a gastrointestinal-type epithelium is observed in 7-13% of mature cystic teratoma cases, the occurrence of a grossly visible, organized gastrointestinal loop formation is very rare.
  • Presented here is the case of a 14-year-old girl with malignant mixed germ cell tumor in the ovaries.
  • In her left ovary a grossly visible, intestinal loop, 9 cm long, with hanging mesentery attached to the cystic wall of a mature cystic teratoma associated with a yolk sac tumor was observed, and in her right ovary another mature cystic teratoma was observed.
  • [MeSH-major] Endodermal Sinus Tumor / pathology. Intestine, Large / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology


81. Nakayama T, Yoshimitsu K, Irie H, Aibe H, Tajima T, Nishie A, Asayama Y, Matake K, Kakihara D, Matsuura S, Nakano H, Honda H: Diffusion-weighted echo-planar MR imaging and ADC mapping in the differential diagnosis of ovarian cystic masses: usefulness of detecting keratinoid substances in mature cystic teratomas. J Magn Reson Imaging; 2005 Aug;22(2):271-8
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  • [Title] Diffusion-weighted echo-planar MR imaging and ADC mapping in the differential diagnosis of ovarian cystic masses: usefulness of detecting keratinoid substances in mature cystic teratomas.
  • PURPOSE: To elucidate whether apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values calculated from echo-planar diffusion-weighted MR imaging (EPDWI) are useful in the differential diagnosis of ovarian cystic masses.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: EPDWI was performed in 131 patients with ovarian cystic masses (54 mature cystic teratomas, 35 endometrial cysts, four other benign cysts, 14 benign neoplasms, and 24 malignant neoplasms).
  • The areas of the highest signal intensity on EPDWI (b = 1000 seconds/mm(2)) and the lowest ADC values within the cystic component were evaluated.
  • RESULTS: On qualitative and quantitative analyses, mature cystic teratomas tended to show higher signal intensity and had areas of lower ADC values than endometrial cysts and other benign and malignant neoplasms (P < .005).
  • In vitro scanning of the cystic contents of mature cystic teratomas confirmed that high signal on DWI or low ADC value was attributable to the keratinoid substance within the tumors.
  • The difference in ADC between malignant and benign lesions were significant when mature cystic teratomas and endometrial cysts were included, but was not significant when they were excluded.
  • CONCLUSION: The ADC value may add useful information to the differential diagnosis of ovarian cystic masses in limited populations, such as those with mature cystic teratomas with a small amount of fat.
  • [MeSH-major] Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Echo-Planar Imaging / methods. Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cohort Studies. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Probability. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16028258.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Choudhary S, Fasih N, Mc Innes M, Marginean C: Imaging of ovarian teratomas: appearances and complications. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol; 2009 Oct;53(5):480-8
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  • [Title] Imaging of ovarian teratomas: appearances and complications.
  • Ovarian teratomas are the most common germ cell neoplasm.
  • Subtypes of teratoma include mature cystic, immature and the monodermal teratomas.
  • The benign cystic teratoma shows typical imaging manifestations and can be complicated by torsion, rupture and uncommonly malignant degeneration.
  • Uncommon subtypes of teratomas include the immature, which is usually malignant at diagnosis.
  • The growing teratoma syndrome is an uncommon complication reported in patients treated for immature teratomas.
  • This paper aims to provide a comprehensive review describing the spectrum of imaging findings of these ovarian tumours and associated complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Image Enhancement / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19788483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1754-9485
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical imaging and radiation oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Number-of-references] 35
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83. Hung PC, Fan KT, Lai HC, Shen CH, Luk HN: Postoperative paraplegia as a result of undiagnosed primitive neuroectodermal tumor, not epidural analgesia. J Chin Med Assoc; 2007 Oct;70(10):456-9
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  • Pathologic findings revealed that the abdominal mass was an ovarian dermoid cyst.

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  • (PMID = 17962148.001).
  • [ISSN] 1726-4901
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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84. Venizelos ID, Tatsiou ZA, Roussos D, Karagiannis V: A case of sebaceous carcinoma arising within a benign ovarian cystic teratoma. Onkologie; 2009 Jun;32(6):353-5
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  • [Title] A case of sebaceous carcinoma arising within a benign ovarian cystic teratoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratoma, also known as dermoid cyst, is the most common germ cell tumor of the ovary.
  • Malignant change in a component of a mature ovarian teratoma is rare, occurring in less than 2% of cases, with squamous cell carcinoma corresponding to 80% of such neoplasms.
  • Abdominal and pelvic ultrasound as well as computed tomography demonstrated a heterogenic tumor of the right ovary.
  • Histological examination of the tumor showed features of a well-differentiated sebaceous carcinoma arising within a mature cystic teratoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is an extremely rare ovarian malignancy of which the clinical behavior and optimal management are not well established.
  • Differential diagnosis with other malignant neoplasms arising in mature cystic teratomas is exceedingly important for treatment and prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 19521124.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0240
  • [Journal-full-title] Onkologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Onkologie
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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85. Veras E, Deavers MT, Silva EG, Malpica A: Ovarian nonsmall cell neuroendocrine carcinoma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 11 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 May;31(5):774-82
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  • [Title] Ovarian nonsmall cell neuroendocrine carcinoma: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 11 cases.
  • Nonsmall cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (NSCNEC) of the ovary is a rare and aggressive tumor commonly associated with other surface epithelial and germ cell neoplasms.
  • Tumors were mostly unilateral, cystic, or solid/cystic and ranged in size from 5 to 26 cm (mean 16.2).
  • In 2 cases, the tumor was associated with a mature cystic teratoma; one of them also containing an invasive moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • A single case was associated with a benign ovarian cyst.
  • The latter case had a dermoid cyst in the contralateral ovary.
  • NSCNEC represented anywhere from 10% to 90% of the ovarian tumor.
  • In summary, ovarian NSCNEC is an aggressive tumor with a tendency to present at advanced stage and cause death within a mean of 17 months after diagnosis; however, some patients, particularly those with stage I disease and/or those who have received platinum-based therapy, may have a more favorable prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / pathology. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17460463.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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86. Dolan MS, Boulanger SC, Salameh JR: Laparoscopic management of giant ovarian cyst. JSLS; 2006 Apr-Jun;10(2):254-6
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic management of giant ovarian cyst.
  • INTRODUCTION: Giant intraabdominal cysts are very rare, and conventional treatment is full midline laparotomy.
  • We present a case of complete laparoscopic extirpation of a giant ovarian cyst.
  • A CT scan showed a giant multiseptated cystic mass in the abdomen measuring 22.5 x 30 x 40.5 cm with significant mass effect causing intrahepatic ductal dilatation and right hydronephrosis.
  • Pathology examination revealed a mature cystic teratoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Giant ovarian cysts can be managed laparoscopically when a normal tumor marker profile and benign imaging appearance exclude the possibility of malignancy.

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  • (PMID = 16882432.001).
  • [ISSN] 1086-8089
  • [Journal-full-title] JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JSLS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3016131
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87. Stankovic ZB, Djukic MK, Savic D, Lukac BJ, Djuricic S, Sedlecki K, Zdravkovic D: Pre-operative differentiation of pediatric ovarian tumors: morphological scoring system and tumor markers. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab; 2006 Oct;19(10):1231-8
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  • [Title] Pre-operative differentiation of pediatric ovarian tumors: morphological scoring system and tumor markers.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the importance of morphological scoring systems in differentiation of ovarian tumors in childhood.
  • METHODS: Morphological assessment using DePriest's index was performed for all patients with histopathological confirmation of ovarian tumor, with evaluation of tumor markers, from January 1997.
  • RESULTS: Fifty-three girls (age range 13 months to 19 years) were surgically treated for 59 ovarian tumors, including six bilateral.
  • All lesions with cystic appearance on ultrasonography were benign, 23 of 35 semisolid, and four of ten solid tumors were also benign.
  • Sensitivity, positive predictive value and accuracy by DePriest's and Ueland's indexes for benign tumors (score <7) were: 0.88, 0.79; 0.89; and 0.94, 0.84; 0.93; respectively.
  • In 24 patients ovaries were successfully preserved, including two patients with foci of immature teratoma in a dermoid cyst.
  • CONCLUSION: Ultrasonographic assessment with morphological analysis recommended by DePriest and Ueland is a very useful procedure for differentiating benign from malignant ovarian tumors in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Cell Differentiation / physiology. Child. Chorionic Gonadotropin / blood. Cystadenoma / blood. Cystadenoma / pathology. Cystadenoma / surgery. Cystadenoma / ultrasonography. Female. Fibroma / blood. Fibroma / pathology. Fibroma / surgery. Fibroma / ultrasonography. Gonadoblastoma / blood. Gonadoblastoma / pathology. Gonadoblastoma / surgery. Gonadoblastoma / ultrasonography. Humans. Infant. L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood. Predictive Value of Tests. Preoperative Care. Sensitivity and Specificity. Teratoma / blood. Teratoma / pathology. Teratoma / surgery. Teratoma / ultrasonography. alpha-Fetoproteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17172084.001).
  • [ISSN] 0334-018X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Endocrinol. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Chorionic Gonadotropin; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
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88. Rubod C, Triboulet JP, Vinatier D: [Ovarian dermoid cyst complicated by chemical peritonitis. Case report]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2007 Jul-Aug;35(7-8):651-3
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  • [Title] [Ovarian dermoid cyst complicated by chemical peritonitis. Case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Kyste dermoïde de l'ovaire compliqué d'une péritonite chimique. A propos d'un cas.
  • Dermoid cyst is the most frequent benign ovarian tumor.
  • We report a case of a patient who developed chemical peritonitis after laparoscopic management of ovarian dermoid cysts.
  • On the basis of this case, we aim to re-access the characteristics of dermoid cysts and highlight in particular the potential complication of chemical peritonitis and the following attitude to avoid this.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermoid Cyst / complications. Ovarian Cysts / complications. Peritonitis / complications

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  • (PMID = 17602847.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol Obstet Fertil
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones
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89. Ding DC, Chen SS: Conservative laparoscopic management of ovarian teratoma torsion in a young woman. J Chin Med Assoc; 2005 Jan;68(1):37-9
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  • [Title] Conservative laparoscopic management of ovarian teratoma torsion in a young woman.
  • Benign cystic tumors, specifically dermoid or mucinous cysts, are the most frequent causes of ovarian torsion.
  • In clinical practice, adnexal torsion is usually subjected to adnexectomy to prevent embolism of thrombosed ovarian veins and its sequelae.
  • In such situations, conservative management with untwisting of the adnexa, followed by cystectomy to preserve part of the ovary, would be a better option.
  • In this report, we present a case of adnexal torsion due to cystic teratoma.
  • A 25-year-old unmarried woman with lower abdominal pain and nausea was referred to our emergency room with suspicion of an ovarian mass.
  • Ultrasonography showed a left ovarian mass measuring 9.7 x 6.5 x 6.2 cm with heterogeneous components within it.
  • Laparoscopy showed an enlarged, dusky left ovary with torsion.
  • The pathology revealed cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • This conservative approach should be encouraged in women of childbearing age to reduce the possibility of premenopausal loss of ovarian function.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15742862.001).
  • [ISSN] 1726-4901
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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90. López JI, de Santamaría IS, Claros IJ, Garmendia M, Gaafar A, Bilbao FJ: Prostatic remnants in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2008 Oct;12(5):378-80
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  • [Title] Prostatic remnants in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • Mature cystic teratomas of the ovary containing prostatic remnants are reported in 2 women aged 31 and 20 years.
  • Both cases showed the expected histology of mature teratomas with a mixture of ecto- and endodermal structures lying in a fibrous stroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Prostate / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18774505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.1.3.2 / Acid Phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.2 / prostatic acid phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases; EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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91. Laberge PY, Levesque S: Short-term morbidity and long-term recurrence rate of ovarian dermoid cysts treated by laparoscopy versus laparotomy. J Obstet Gynaecol Can; 2006 Sep;28(9):789-793
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  • [Title] Short-term morbidity and long-term recurrence rate of ovarian dermoid cysts treated by laparoscopy versus laparotomy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term morbidity and the long-term recurrence rate of ovarian dermoid cysts in women treated conservatively by laparoscopy with the outcomes in women treated by laparotomy.
  • METHODS: This retrospective multicentre cohort study compared the outcomes of removal of dermoid cysts by laparoscopy with removal by laparotomy.
  • All specimens were confirmed histologically as dermoid cysts.
  • We reviewed all medical records and identified all surgical interventions for dermoid cysts over a 10-year period (1993-2003) in two academic centres in Quebec City.
  • Of the 299 women treated for ovarian dermoid cysts, 167 were treated by laparotomy and 132 were treated by laparoscopy.
  • In total, 245 women with available follow-up were identified as having ovarian cystectomy (95 in the laparoscopy group and 150 in the laparotomy group).
  • RESULTS: The mean diameter of the cyst in women who had a laparotomy was significantly larger than in women who had laparoscopy (8.27 cm vs. 5.94 cm), and significantly more women in the laparotomy group had bilateral cysts (16% vs. 5% in the laparoscopy group).
  • Spillage of the cyst's contents occurred in 18% of cases in the laparoscopy group and in 1% in the laparotomy group.
  • Conversions of laparoscopy to laparotomy occurred in 11% of cases, mainly because of cyst size.
  • CONCLUSION: Ovarian cystectomy performed by laparoscopy is associated with a higher incidence of intra-abdominal spillage than laparotomy, but this not associated with any increase in morbidity.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Laparotomy / methods. Ovarian Cysts / surgery. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17022919.001).
  • [ISSN] 1701-2163
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Obstet Gynaecol Can
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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92. Shelekhova KV, Hejda V, Kazakov DV, Michal M: Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with male accessory sexual glands including seminal vesicles, prostatic tissue, and bulbo-urethral glands: a case report. Virchows Arch; 2008 Jan;452(1):109-11
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  • [Title] Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with male accessory sexual glands including seminal vesicles, prostatic tissue, and bulbo-urethral glands: a case report.
  • We present an extremely rare case of a benign cystic ovarian teratoma with structures of male accessory sexual glands.
  • A unilocular cystic tumor, measuring 5 cm in the largest diameter, was found in her right ovary and was removed.
  • The teratoma contained epidermis, skin appendages, respiratory and intestinal epithelia, cartilage, muscle, and nervous and connective tissue.
  • In addition to these histologically mature tissues, there were nodules with prostatic acini, prostate duct-like structures strongly positive for prostate-specific antigen and acid prostatic phosphatase, structures resembling Cowper's glands, and seminal vesicles surrounded by fibromuscular stroma.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case in the English literature describing seminal vesicles associated with prostatic tissue and bulbo-urethral glands in a mature ovarian teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Bulbourethral Glands / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Prostate / pathology. Seminal Vesicles / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • [Cites] Histopathology. 2004 Sep;45(3):303-5 [15330814.001]
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  • (PMID = 18066589.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.1.3.2 / Acid Phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.2 / prostatic acid phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases; EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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93. Kefeli M, Kandemir B, Akpolat I, Yildirim A, Kokcu A: Rhabdomyosarcoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma with contralateral serous carcinoma: case report and review of the literature. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2009 Jul;28(4):372-5
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  • [Title] Rhabdomyosarcoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma with contralateral serous carcinoma: case report and review of the literature.
  • SUMMARY: Malignant transformation of a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is rare, and occurs in approximately 2% of all cases.
  • The most common malignancy arising in mature cystic teratoma is squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Sarcomas very rarely develop in mature cystic teratoma.
  • We describe the case of a 65-year-old patient with mature cystic teratoma, and with rhabdomyosarcomatous transformation and contralateral serous carcinoma.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case of a pure rhabdomyosarcoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Rhabdomyosarcoma / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19483625.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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94. Marucci G, Collina G: [Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with a small ganglioneuroma]. Pathologica; 2006 Feb;98(1):41-3
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  • [Title] [Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with a small ganglioneuroma].
  • [Transliterated title] Teratoma cistico maturo ovarico con un piccolo ganglioneuroma.
  • A case of ganglioneuroma arising within a cystic mature teratoma of the ovary in a 34-year-old woman is reported.
  • The ovary was completely replaced by a bilocular cystic lesion, measuring 8 cm in diameter and filled with adipose tissue and pilosebaceous material.
  • Microscopically the cyst was composed by a mature cystic teratoma containing skin with dermal appendages, fatty tissue and bronchial epithelium.
  • Furthermore a nodule (0.5 cm in size) composed of mature ganglion cells, axons and Schwann cells, was identified.
  • To the best of our knowledgment this is the first reported cases of ganglioneuroma arisen within a cystic mature teratoma of the ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Ganglioneuroma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16789685.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-2983
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologica
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Synaptophysin; EC 4.2.1.11 / Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
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95. Williams KM, Bain CJ, Kelly MD: Laparoscopic resection of a torted ovarian dermoid cyst. World J Emerg Surg; 2007;2:12
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic resection of a torted ovarian dermoid cyst.
  • Torsion or rupture of an ovarian cyst may present as an acute abdomen.
  • A case is presented where the diagnosis was made at laparoscopy and laparoscopic resection was done.
  • Controlled aspiration of the cyst contents allowed the cyst to be easily removed from the abdomen.

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  • (PMID = 17490490.001).
  • [ISSN] 1749-7922
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of emergency surgery : WJES
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Emerg Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1876448
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96. Hascalik S, Celik O, Sarac K, Meydanli MM, Alkan A, Mizrak B: Metabolic changes in pelvic lesions: findings at proton MR spectroscopic imaging. Gynecol Obstet Invest; 2005;60(3):121-7
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  • RESULTS: Spectroscopy analysis of serous, mucinous and undifferentiated carcinoma of the ovary revealed Cho, lactate and lipid signals, but granulosa-theca cell tumor showed only a lipid signal.
  • The Cho signal was obtained from only 3 patients with mature cystic teratoma but none of the other benign ovarian tumors and pelvic abscesses.
  • A lipid signal was detected in 3 patients diagnosed with pelvic abscess and all benign ovarian tumors.
  • One case of endometrioma and 1 case of teratoma did not show any signal.
  • CONCLUSION: MRS demonstrates significant differences in metabolite concentration between benign and malignant ovarian tumors and pelvic abscesses.
  • MRS may therefore be helpful in the differential diagnosis of adnexal lesions.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Abscess / metabolism. Abdominal Abscess / pathology. Adult. Aged. Choline / metabolism. Creatine / metabolism. Dermoid Cyst / metabolism. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Endometriosis / metabolism. Endometriosis / pathology. Female. Granular Cell Tumor / metabolism. Granular Cell Tumor / pathology. Humans. Lipid Metabolism. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / metabolism. Neoplasms, Cystic, Mucinous, and Serous / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Protons. Teratoma / metabolism. Teratoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 15920339.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-7346
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic and obstetric investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Obstet. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protons; MU72812GK0 / Creatine; N91BDP6H0X / Choline
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97. Tamai K, Koyama T, Saga T, Kido A, Kataoka M, Umeoka S, Fujii S, Togashi K: MR features of physiologic and benign conditions of the ovary. Eur Radiol; 2006 Dec;16(12):2700-11
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  • [Title] MR features of physiologic and benign conditions of the ovary.
  • In reproductive women, various physiologic conditions can cause morphologic changes of the ovary, resembling pathologic conditions.
  • Benign ovarian diseases can also simulate malignancies.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can play an important role in establishing accurate diagnosis.
  • Functional cysts should not be confused with cystic neoplasms.
  • Corpus luteum cysts typically have a thick wall and are occasionally hemorrhagic.
  • Multicystic lesions that may mimic cystic neoplasms include hyperreactio luteinalis, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • Recognition of clinical settings can help establish diagnosis.
  • In endometrial cysts, MRI usually provides specific diagnosis; however, decidual change during pregnancy should not be confused with secondary neoplasm.
  • Peritoneal inclusion cysts can be distinguished from cystic neoplasms by recognition of their characteristic configurations.
  • Ovarian torsion and massive ovarian edema may mimic solid malignant tumors.
  • Many benign tumors, including teratoma, Brenner tumor, and sex-cord stromal tumor, frequently show characteristic MRI features.
  • Knowledge of MRI features of these conditions is essential in establishing accurate diagnosis and determining appropriate treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovarian Diseases / diagnosis. Ovary / anatomy & histology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16736136.001).
  • [ISSN] 0938-7994
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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98. Okada S, Ohaki Y, Inoue K, Nakajo H, Kawamata H, Kumazaki T: A case of dermoid cyst of the ovary with malignant transformation complicated with small intestinal fistula formation. Radiat Med; 2005 Sep;23(6):443-6
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  • [Title] A case of dermoid cyst of the ovary with malignant transformation complicated with small intestinal fistula formation.
  • CT showed a huge gas-containing cystic mass with fatty component and solid structure.
  • Emergency surgery was performed, and an enlarged left ovary that was adherent to the small intestine was removed.
  • Microscopic examination revealed a squamous cell carcinoma in the dermoid cyst wall.
  • The carcinoma had directly invaded the small intestine and a fistula between the cyst and the intestine was noted.
  • The histopathological diagnosis was dermoid cyst with malignant transformation and invasion of the small intestine.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiography. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Dermoid Cyst / radiography. Intestinal Fistula / radiography. Ovarian Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16389989.001).
  • [ISSN] 0288-2043
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiation medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiat Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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99. Khen-Dunlop N, Girot R, Brunelle F, Révillon Y, Nihoul-Fékété C, Sarnacki S: Surgical treatment of an unusual case of pelvic extramedullary hematopoiesis. J Pediatr Surg; 2006 Jul;41(7):e13-5
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  • Diagnosis and treatment of extramedullary hematopoiesis located in the pelvis of a young 15-year-old girl is discussed.
  • The young age of the patient and the uncommon site of the mass first lead to the diagnosis of an ovarian dermoid cyst.

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  • (PMID = 16818041.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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100. Contreras AL, Malpica A: Angiosarcoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report and review of the literature. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2009 Sep;28(5):453-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is the most common ovarian tumor.
  • To date, only 5 cases of angiosarcoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary have been reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19696615.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; UM20QQM95Y / Ifosfamide
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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