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1. Lefebvre R, Theoret C, Doré M, Girard C, Laverty S, Vaillancourt D: Ovarian teratoma and endometritis in a mare. Can Vet J; 2005 Nov;46(11):1029-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ovarian teratoma and endometritis in a mare.
  • An 8-year-old Arabian mare was admitted for a large ovarian anovulatory follicle.
  • A clinical diagnosis of ovarian tumor and endometritis was established.
  • Histological examinations revealed an ovarian teratoma and a grade II endometritis.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometritis / veterinary. Horse Diseases / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / veterinary. Ovariectomy / veterinary. Teratoma / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 16363331.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5286
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue vétérinaire canadienne
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1259148
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2. Chang YT, Lin JY: Intraperitoneal rupture of mature cystic ovarian teratoma secondary to sit-ups. J Formos Med Assoc; 2009 Feb;108(2):173-5
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  • [Title] Intraperitoneal rupture of mature cystic ovarian teratoma secondary to sit-ups.
  • A case of general peritonitis caused by sudden perforation of a mature cystic ovarian teratoma is presented.

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  • (PMID = 19251554.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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3. Kim I, Lee JY, Kwon JH, Jung JY, Song HH, Park YI, Ro E, Choi KC: A case of autoimmune hemolytic anemia associated with an ovarian teratoma. J Korean Med Sci; 2006 Apr;21(2):365-7
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  • [Title] A case of autoimmune hemolytic anemia associated with an ovarian teratoma.
  • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia associated with an ovarian teratoma is a very rare disease.
  • However, treating teratoma is the only method to cure the hemolytic anemia, so it is necessary to include ovarian teratoma in the differential diagnosis of autoimmune hemolytic anemia.
  • We report herein on a case of a young adult patient who had severe autoimmune hemolytic anemia that was induced by an ovarian teratoma.
  • The abdominal computed tomography scan revealed a huge left ovarian mass, and this indicated a teratoma.
  • She was refractory to corticosteroid therapy; however, after surgical resection of the ovarian mass, the hemoglobin level and the reticulocyte count were gradually normalized.
  • She was diagnosed as having autoimmune hemolytic anemia associated with an ovarian teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Teratoma / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use. Adult. Blood Transfusion. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16614532.001).
  • [ISSN] 1011-8934
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Korean Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2734022
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4. Iwata A, Matsubara K, Umemoto Y, Hashimoto K, Fukaya T: Spontaneous rupture of benign ovarian cystic teratoma in a premenarcheal girl. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2009 Oct;22(5):e121-3
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  • [Title] Spontaneous rupture of benign ovarian cystic teratoma in a premenarcheal girl.
  • BACKGROUND: Spontaneous rupture of benign cystic ovarian teratoma is an unusual occurrence.
  • Under a radiological diagnosis of cystic ovarian teratoma, she underwent laparoscopic cystectomy, preserving as much ovarian tissue as possible.
  • SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION: We present the youngest and first premenarcheal case of spontaneous rupture of cystic ovarian teratoma.
  • Early diagnosis and minimally invasive surgical procedure are essential to preserve future fertility.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19576813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Shelekhova KV, Hejda V, Kazakov DV, Michal M: Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with male accessory sexual glands including seminal vesicles, prostatic tissue, and bulbo-urethral glands: a case report. Virchows Arch; 2008 Jan;452(1):109-11
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  • [Title] Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with male accessory sexual glands including seminal vesicles, prostatic tissue, and bulbo-urethral glands: a case report.
  • We present an extremely rare case of a benign cystic ovarian teratoma with structures of male accessory sexual glands.
  • A unilocular cystic tumor, measuring 5 cm in the largest diameter, was found in her right ovary and was removed.
  • The teratoma contained epidermis, skin appendages, respiratory and intestinal epithelia, cartilage, muscle, and nervous and connective tissue.
  • In addition to these histologically mature tissues, there were nodules with prostatic acini, prostate duct-like structures strongly positive for prostate-specific antigen and acid prostatic phosphatase, structures resembling Cowper's glands, and seminal vesicles surrounded by fibromuscular stroma.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case in the English literature describing seminal vesicles associated with prostatic tissue and bulbo-urethral glands in a mature ovarian teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Bulbourethral Glands / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Prostate / pathology. Seminal Vesicles / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18066589.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.1.3.2 / Acid Phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.2 / prostatic acid phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases; EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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6. Seki M, Suzuki S, Iizuka T, Shimizu T, Nihei Y, Suzuki N, Dalmau J: Neurological response to early removal of ovarian teratoma in anti-NMDAR encephalitis. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry; 2008 Mar;79(3):324-6
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  • [Title] Neurological response to early removal of ovarian teratoma in anti-NMDAR encephalitis.
  • Early removal of an ovarian teratoma followed by plasma exchange and corticosteroids resulted in a prompt neurological response and eventual full recovery.
  • Search for and removal of a teratoma should be promptly considered after the diagnosis of anti-NMDAR encephalitis.

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  • (PMID = 18032452.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-330X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA089054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA089054-06A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA89054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054-06A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA1071892; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA107192-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones; 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS74558; NLM/ PMC2574536
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7. Okamoto S, Hirano T, Takahashi Y, Yamashita T, Uyama E, Uchino M: Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis caused by ovarian teratoma with autoantibodies to glutamate receptor. Intern Med; 2007;46(13):1019-22
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  • [Title] Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis caused by ovarian teratoma with autoantibodies to glutamate receptor.
  • However, after the treatment, an ovarian tumor was discovered, and we detected autoantibodies to GluR in the CSF.
  • A possible association between the ovarian teratoma and GluR is suggested.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoantibodies / immunology. Limbic Encephalitis / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Receptors, Glutamate / immunology. Teratoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 17603244.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Receptors, Glutamate
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8. Vitaliani R, Mason W, Ances B, Zwerdling T, Jiang Z, Dalmau J: Paraneoplastic encephalitis, psychiatric symptoms, and hypoventilation in ovarian teratoma. Ann Neurol; 2005 Oct;58(4):594-604
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Paraneoplastic encephalitis, psychiatric symptoms, and hypoventilation in ovarian teratoma.
  • We report four young women who developed acute psychiatric symptoms, seizures, memory deficits, decreased level of consciousness, and central hypoventilation associated with ovarian teratoma (OT) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) inflammatory abnormalities.
  • Three patients recovered with treatment of the tumor or immunosuppression and one died of the disorder.
  • Recognition of this disorder is important because despite the severity of the symptoms, patients usually recover.
  • The location and function of the isolated antigen suggest that the disorder is directly mediated by antibodies.

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  • (PMID = 16178029.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-5134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Neurol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA089054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA107192-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA89054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA107192; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA089054-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192-03
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Neoplasm; 0 / Immunoglobulin G; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS24646; NLM/ PMC2245881
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9. Shelekhova KV: [Peritoneal gliomatosis in immature ovarian teratoma]. Arkh Patol; 2008 Sep-Oct;70(5):34-5
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  • [Title] [Peritoneal gliomatosis in immature ovarian teratoma].
  • The paper describes another case of peritoneal gliomatosis associated with immature ovarian teratoma in an 11-year-old girl.
  • This rare condition is characterized by military inclusions of mature glial tissue on the peritoneum or omentum and should be differentiated from malignant germ cell metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Glioma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Omentum / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19137782.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-1955
  • [Journal-full-title] Arkhiv patologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arkh. Patol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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10. Poduval A, Antal Z, Lee T, Bar A, Dalmau J, Muzumdar R: Immune-mediated encephalitis and virilization in association with a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in an adolescent girl. Horm Res; 2009;72(4):252-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immune-mediated encephalitis and virilization in association with a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in an adolescent girl.
  • BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratomas are the most common form of ovarian tumor in children and adolescents.
  • These tumors are mostly benign and non-secreting.
  • Virilization from an ovarian teratoma is exceptionally rare in pediatrics.
  • Equally rare is the association of ovarian teratomas with auto-immune encephalitis.
  • A large left ovarian tumor was seen on a CT scan.
  • Surgical excision revealed a mature cystic teratoma containing 6 liters of clear fluid with high androgen levels.
  • Antibodies to the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor of the hippocampus were detected in pre-operatively archived serum, but undetectable 6 months postoperatively.
  • Immunohistochemistry studies on the tumor sections revealed that the antibodies in the patient's serum reacted with areas of the tumor expressing the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor.
  • CONCLUSION: Both virilizing mature cystic teratomas and teratoma-associated encephalitis are extremely rare in the pediatric population.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoimmune Diseases / complications. Encephalitis / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Teratoma / complications. Virilism / complications

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  • (PMID = 19786797.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0046
  • [Journal-full-title] Hormone research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Horm. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgens; 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / MAP2 protein, human; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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11. Murtaza B, Saeed S, Sharif MA, Malik IB, Mahmood A: Ruptured ovarian teratoma presenting as peritonitis. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2009 Jan;19(1):59-61
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  • [Title] Ruptured ovarian teratoma presenting as peritonitis.
  • An 8 x 6 cm thick walled cyst was found in the left ovary with a minute perforation and purulent fluid coming out of it.
  • Histopathology confirmed benign cystic teratoma of ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritonitis / etiology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdomen, Acute / radiography. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Peritoneal Lavage. Rupture

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  • (PMID = 19149985.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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12. Tonomura Y, Kataoka H, Hara Y, Takamure M, Naba I, Kitauti T, Saito K, Ueno S: Clinical analysis of paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma. J Neurooncol; 2007 Sep;84(3):287-92
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  • [Title] Clinical analysis of paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Recently, paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma has been described and related to an autoantibody.
  • METHODS: We describe four patients with ovarian teratoma-associated encephalitis (OTE) and compared their clinical pictures with those of 17 previously reported patients with OTE.
  • The mean time from the onset of OTE to tumor diagnosis was 19.6+/-22.1 weeks.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / etiology. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / physiopathology. Teratoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 17431543.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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13. Candrina R, Sleiman I, Zorzi F: ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma within an ovarian teratoma. Eur J Intern Med; 2005 Sep;16(5):359-60

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma within an ovarian teratoma.
  • The differential diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome is one of the most difficult tasks in medicine, and it is especially problematic in cases with "occult" ectopic ACTH syndrome.
  • We describe the case of a 26-year-old woman who was found to suffer from ectopic ACTH syndrome due to pituitary microadenoma, localized within a mature ovarian teratoma.
  • Cushing's syndrome caused by ovarian neoplasia is unusual, but when it occurs, it is most often due to excessive cortisol production by the ovary.
  • Only rarely has ectopic ACTH syndrome in association with an ovarian tumor been described.

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  • (PMID = 16137552.001).
  • [ISSN] 0953-6205
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of internal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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14. Benoit MF, Hannigan EV, Strickland JL: Recurrent mature cystic ovarian teratoma in adolescence: atypical case of the growing teratoma syndrome. Obstet Gynecol; 2005 May;105(5 Pt 2):1264-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recurrent mature cystic ovarian teratoma in adolescence: atypical case of the growing teratoma syndrome.
  • BACKGROUND: A primary mature cystic ovarian teratoma was diagnosed in an adolescent female.
  • Recurrent tumor, consisting solely of mature teratomatous elements, was confirmed with 2 subsequent laparotomies.
  • CASE: This is a report of the growing teratoma syndrome in a young woman with a primary diagnosis of a mature cystic ovarian teratoma not treated with adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • CONCLUSION: The growing teratoma syndrome is an uncommon condition.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Ovarian Cysts / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15863604.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Okamoto D, Ishigami K, Yoshimitsu K, Irie H, Tajima T, Asayama Y, Hirakawa M, Ushijima Y, Nishihara Y, Amada S, Kobayashi H, Honda H: Gliomatosis peritonei associated with immature ovarian teratoma: a mimicker of peritoneal dissemination of malignant diseases. J Comput Assist Tomogr; 2007 Mar-Apr;31(2):317-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Gliomatosis peritonei associated with immature ovarian teratoma: a mimicker of peritoneal dissemination of malignant diseases.
  • A rare case of gliomatosis peritonei associated with immature ovarian teratoma was reported.
  • To avoid overestimating the clinical stage of ovarian tumors, radiologists should be aware of this rare condition related to teratomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Glioma / diagnosis. Peritoneal Cavity / radiography. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Contrast Media / administration & dosage. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Radiographic Image Enhancement / methods. Rare Diseases. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 17414772.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-8715
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of computer assisted tomography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Comput Assist Tomogr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Contrast Media
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16. Büyükka Bay S, Corapcioglu F, Kavurt S, Müezzinoğlu B, Anik Y, Tugay M: Oligodendroglioma arising in a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in a child. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Nov;27(8):636-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oligodendroglioma arising in a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in a child.
  • In childhood mature cystic teratomas are the most common type of ovarian germ cell tumors.
  • Tumors of neuroepithelial origin are extremely rare in mature teratomas.
  • To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report oligodendroglioma arising in a mature cystic ovarian teratoma in children.
  • An ultrasound examination showed a monolateral multicystic, calcific ovarian mass, measuring approximately 6 x 5 cm, arising in the left over and adnexia, suggesting a teratoma.
  • On histopatological examination, various samples from cystic areas had mature tissues from all 3 germ cell layers, including skin, bone, bronchial structures, and cerebellum.
  • Based on the typical morphological features, the cased was diagnosed as mature cystic teratoma with low-grade oligodendroglioma.
  • To the authors' knowledge, there are a few reports in the literature of an oligodendroglioma arising in an ovarian teratoma in adults and this presented patient is the first case in childhood.
  • [MeSH-major] Oligodendroglioma / diagnosis. Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20863158.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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17. Martorell J, Soto S, Barrera S, Ramis A: Case report: ovarian teratoma in a Mediterranean tortoise. Compend Contin Educ Vet; 2009 Apr;31(4):193-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Case report: ovarian teratoma in a Mediterranean tortoise.
  • Coelomic ultrasonography revealed free fluid and an ovarian mass with multiple follicles.
  • Necropsy and histopathology revealed an ovarian teratoma.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a teratoma in tortoise gonadal tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / veterinary. Teratoma / veterinary. Turtles

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  • (PMID = 19517411.001).
  • [ISSN] 1940-8315
  • [Journal-full-title] Compendium (Yardley, PA)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Compend Contin Educ Vet
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Ikeda K, Tate G, Suzuki T, Mitsuya T: Cytomorphologic features of immature ovarian teratoma in peritoneal effusion: a case report. Diagn Cytopathol; 2005 Jul;33(1):39-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytomorphologic features of immature ovarian teratoma in peritoneal effusion: a case report.
  • We describe unusual cytologic features of the peritoneal fluid in a patient with immature ovarian teratoma.
  • Immature embryonal and neuroectodermal components of such tumors are rarely observed in the ascites; to our knowledge, there have been only three reports of cytologic findings of immature teratoma cells in the ascites.
  • A grade 3 immature right ovarian teratoma was diagnosed pathologically.
  • This is the first description of the cytologic features of non-neuroepithelial elements in the ascitic fluid in a patient with immature ovarian teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ascitic Fluid / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc
  • (PMID = 15945092.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Intermediate Filament Proteins; 0 / KRT20 protein, human; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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19. Caltabiano R, Lanzafame S: Oligodendroglioma arising in an immature ovarian teratoma: case report. Pathologica; 2008 Oct;100(5):420-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oligodendroglioma arising in an immature ovarian teratoma: case report.
  • We describe the case of an 18-year-old girl with an oligodendroglioma arising in an immature ovarian teratoma.
  • The oligodendroglioma, which closely involved the cystic teratoma, was moderately cellular, composed of monomorphic cells with uniform round nuclei and perinuclear halos with a characteristic "fried-egg" appearance.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Dermoid Cyst / surgery. Female. Humans. Ovariectomy. Prognosis. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 19253605.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-2983
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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20. Arias-Garzón W, Ramírez-Durini L, Lugo-Soria P, Salgado-Macías N: Solid mature ovarian teratoma with intrarectal protusion: case report. Cir Cir; 2009 Sep-Oct;77(5):403-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solid mature ovarian teratoma with intrarectal protusion: case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Primary rectal teratoma is a very rare entity.
  • Ovarian tumor can also erode the rectal wall, allowing the formation of a fistula localized inside the rectum, becoming an extremely rare complication.
  • By means of a laparotomy, we identified the left ovary fusioned to the anterior face of the rectum where a 5 x 4 cm tumor was originally protruding towards its lumen.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although rare, diagnosis of intrarectal ovarian teratoma must be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients with rectal tumors.
  • Diagnosis is relatively easy in the presence of a tumor with a hairy surface that is evaluated endoscopically.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Invasiveness. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Rectum / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Differentiation. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Humans. Laparotomy. Middle Aged. Ovariectomy. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19944031.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-7411
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía y cirujanos
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Cir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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21. Jedrzejczak P, Dubiel M, Sokalska A, Spaczyński R, Pawelczyk L: [Laparoscopic management of ovarian teratoma adultum cysticum in second trimester of pregnancy (case report)]. Ginekol Pol; 2006 Feb;77(2):151-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Laparoscopic management of ovarian teratoma adultum cysticum in second trimester of pregnancy (case report)].
  • Ovarian tumors complicating clinical course of pregnancy are rare (approximately 1 per 1000 deliveries).
  • In this report we describe diagnosis and therapy of 26 years old primary gravida with 7 cm ovarian teratoma.
  • Laparoscopic treatment of ovarian tumors during pregnancy, by experienced team, after appropriate diagnostic process, seems to be safe and effective.
  • [MeSH-major] Laparoscopy / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / surgery. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16736974.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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22. Henry C, Husson H, de Broucker T: [Autoimmune limbic encephalitis with anti-NMDA receptor antibodies and ovarian teratoma: a treatable form of paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis]. Rev Neurol (Paris); 2009 Jan;165(1):70-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Autoimmune limbic encephalitis with anti-NMDA receptor antibodies and ovarian teratoma: a treatable form of paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis].
  • [Transliterated title] Encéphalite limbique auto-immune avec anticorps antirécepteur NMDA associée à un tératome de l'ovaire : une forme curable d'encéphalite limbique paranéoplasique.
  • INTRODUCTION: The first French-language case of limbic encephalitis due to anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor to glutamate (NMDA-R) antibodies associated with an ovarian teratoma is reported.
  • CLINICAL CASE: A 35-year-old woman presented with a subacute severe anterograde memory deficit, psychiatric disturbances and generalized seizures associated with an ovarian teratoma.
  • Total body computed tomographic scan disclosed a five centimeter long ovarian cyst.
  • Pathology found an ovarian teratoma containing a small immature neuroepithelial component.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoimmune Diseases / therapy. Limbic Encephalitis / therapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / immunology. Teratoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 18809188.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-3787
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue neurologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Neurol. (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulins, Intravenous; 0 / Neuroprotective Agents; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; X4W7ZR7023 / Methylprednisolone
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23. Smith CJ, Bey T, Emil S, Wichelhaus C, Lotfipour S: Ovarian teratoma with torsion masquerading as intussusception in 4-year-old child. West J Emerg Med; 2008 Nov;9(4):228-31

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ovarian teratoma with torsion masquerading as intussusception in 4-year-old child.
  • BACKGROUND: Ovarian torsion (OT) occurs primarily in women of child-bearing age, but is rare in the pediatric population.
  • The clinical presentation often consists of nonspecific abdominal complaints making the diagnosis difficult.
  • Although the delay in diagnosis from symptom onset is common, rapid diagnosis of ovarian torsion is imperative to prevent morbidity.
  • Initial diagnosis was suspicious for intussusception; however, on operative exploration, she was found to have a right adnexal torsion secondary to an ovarian teratoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis of ovarian torsion may increase ovarian salvage and reduce morbidity.
  • Faced with abdominal pain of uncertain etiology in a female child, emergency physicians should include ovarian torsion secondary to an ovarian mass in the differential diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 19561752.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-900X
  • [Journal-full-title] The western journal of emergency medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West J Emerg Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2672280
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24. Stein-Wexler R, Wootton-Gorges SL, Greco CM, Brunberg JA: Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis in a teenage girl with an immature ovarian teratoma. Pediatr Radiol; 2005 Jul;35(7):694-7
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  • [Title] Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis in a teenage girl with an immature ovarian teratoma.
  • Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis (PLE) is an unusual disorder that is characterized by the association of clinical limbic system abnormalities with neoplasia, usually malignancy.
  • Diagnosis is often delayed, especially when the tumor has not been recognized.
  • In adults, the diagnosis can be revealed by the presence of antineuronal antibodies.
  • We describe an unusual case of behavioral disturbance leading rapidly to coma in a 14-year-old girl with CSF pleocytosis who was found 10 weeks later to have an immature ovarian teratoma.
  • PLE is an important diagnosis to consider in the teenage girl with symptoms of a progressive limbic disorder and CSF pleocytosis, and whose brain MR imaging demonstrates no abnormality or mild T2-weighted temporal lobe signal abnormality.
  • When this constellation of findings presents in a teenage girl, the possibility of an underlying ovarian teratoma should be considered.
  • [MeSH-major] Limbic Encephalitis / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Teratoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 15723218.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0449
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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25. McHugh JB, Fullen DR: Atypical compound nevus arising in mature cystic ovarian teratoma. Med Sci Monit; 2006 Apr;12(4):CS34-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Atypical compound nevus arising in mature cystic ovarian teratoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Mature cystic ovarian teratoma (MCOT) is the most common primary ovarian tumor.
  • Histologically, the cystic neoplasm demonstrated epidermis with numerous pilosebaceous units and respiratory-type epithelium (endoderm) surrounded by adipose tissue and cartilage (mesoderm).
  • Moreover, melanomas may arise de novo or in association with a nevus.
  • As primary ovarian melanomas, like their skin counterpart, may arise from a precursor lesion, removal of a melanocytic nevus, such as this atypical nevus, could theoretically prevent melanoma transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Nevus, Pigmented / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16572057.001).
  • [ISSN] 1234-1010
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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26. Dennedy MC, Smith D, O'Shea D, McKenna TJ: Investigation of patients with atypical or severe hyperandrogenaemia including androgen-secreting ovarian teratoma. Eur J Endocrinol; 2010 Feb;162(2):213-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Investigation of patients with atypical or severe hyperandrogenaemia including androgen-secreting ovarian teratoma.
  • Approximately 7% of women of reproductive age manifest polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and <0.5% have other causes of hyperandrogenism including congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), androgen-secreting tumour of an ovary or an adrenal gland, Cushing's syndrome or hyperthecosis.
  • Coronal tomographic (CT) scanning of the adrenals and transvaginal ultrasonography of the ovaries are the investigations of choice when screening for tumours in these organs.
  • Less frequently required is catheterization and sampling from both adrenal and ovarian veins, which is a technically demanding procedure with potential complications which may provide definitive diagnostic information not available from other investigations.
  • Illustrative case reports highlight some complexities in the investigation of hyperandrogenic patients presenting with features atypical of PCOS and include only the ninth case report of an androgen-secreting ovarian teratoma.

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  • (PMID = 19906851.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-683X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Endocrinol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgens
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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27. Schreiber-Facklam H, Wagner AM, Staehler K, Surbek D, Kappeler A, Zimmermann A, Vajtai I: "Exterritorial" lymphocytic hypophysitis within an ovarian teratoma during pregnancy: a possible sentinel lesion? Pathol Res Pract; 2009;205(1):51-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] "Exterritorial" lymphocytic hypophysitis within an ovarian teratoma during pregnancy: a possible sentinel lesion?
  • Pituitary tissue is rarely to be found among the constituents of ovarian teratomas (dermoid cysts).
  • We describe a unique example of lymphocytic hypophysitis incidentally encountered in a mature left ovarian teratoma from a 30-year-old woman in the 19th week of pregnancy.
  • Amidst various fully differentiated derivatives of all three embryonic layers, the cyst wall also included a miniature replica of the anterior pituitary lobe 0.5 cm in diameter.
  • To date, lymphocytic thyroiditis is the sole form of organ-specific inflammatory process within an ovarian teratoma on record.
  • [MeSH-major] Choristoma / pathology. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Lymphocytes / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Pituitary Diseases / pathology. Pituitary Gland, Anterior. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / pathology. Teratoma / pathology


28. Tachibana N, Shirakawa T, Ishii K, Takahashi Y, Tanaka K, Arima K, Yoshida T, Ikeda S: Expression of various glutamate receptors including N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) in an ovarian teratoma removed from a young woman with anti-NMDAR encephalitis. Intern Med; 2010;49(19):2167-73
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  • [Title] Expression of various glutamate receptors including N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) in an ovarian teratoma removed from a young woman with anti-NMDAR encephalitis.
  • After she recovered five months later she underwent surgery to remove a right ovarian teratoma.
  • Immunohistochemical examinations of her teratoma disclosed abundant expression of various GluRs including NR2B subunit of NMDAR, GluR1, and GluR2/3.
  • Our findings strongly support the recent idea that neural elements in ovarian teratoma play an important role in the production of antibodies to NMDARs in anti-NMDAR encephalitis.
  • Additionally, the study of control ovaries clearly showed NR2B-related immunoreactivity in the cytoplasm of oocytes, indicating that the normal ovary itself has expression of NMDARs.
  • This finding might provide a clue to understand the pathogenesis of this disease in female patients without ovarian teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / immunology. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / metabolism. Receptors, Glutamate / metabolism. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / immunology. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / metabolism. Teratoma / immunology. Teratoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20930449.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / NR2B NMDA receptor; 0 / Receptors, AMPA; 0 / Receptors, Glutamate; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; 0 / glutamate receptor ionotropic, AMPA 1; 0 / glutamate receptor ionotropic, AMPA 2; 0 / glutamate receptor ionotropic, AMPA 3
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29. Sonn TS, Merritt DF: Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis: an adolescent with an ovarian teratoma. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol; 2010 Oct;23(5):e141-4
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  • [Title] Anti-NMDA-receptor encephalitis: an adolescent with an ovarian teratoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis has been reported to be associated with ovarian teratomas.
  • Imaging revealed an adnexal mass which was surgically removed and confirmed to be a mature teratoma.
  • COMMENTS: Cystic teratomas are one of the most common benign ovarian lesions in children and young women.
  • While an association of ovarian teratomas and paraneoplastic encephalitis is published in the neurologic literature, this association needs to be clarified for the practicing gynecologist who may be asked to consult on these patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoantibodies / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / etiology. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / immunology. Teratoma / complications

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20605495.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4332
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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30. Mall AS, Tyler M, Lotz Z, Davidson A, Rodrigues J, van der Watt G, Kahn D, Govender D: The characterisation of mucin in a mature ovarian teratoma occurring in an eight year old patient. Int J Med Sci; 2007;4(2):115-23
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  • [Title] The characterisation of mucin in a mature ovarian teratoma occurring in an eight year old patient.
  • INTRODUCTION: The presence of MUC5AC (M1 antigen) and MUC6 have previously been found in ovarian mucinous cyst.
  • We characterized the mucins in the crude mucus and tissue of a mature ovarian teratoma in an 8 year old girl.
  • RESULTS: Histology showed a tumour with solid and cystic areas, with the cysts lined by colonic and respiratory mucosae.
  • DISCUSSION: Ovarian teratoma produced a highly viscous mucus secretion in which the mucin was largely polymeric and of the MUC2, MUC5AC and MUC5B type.
  • The respiratory component of the teratoma expressed MUC1 and MUC1c and the colonic components of the teratoma expressed MUC2 and some MUC6.
  • [MeSH-major] Mucins / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / secretion. Teratoma / secretion

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  • [Cites] Biochim Biophys Acta. 1999 Oct 8;1455(2-3):301-13 [10571020.001]
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  • (PMID = 17479161.001).
  • [ISSN] 1449-1907
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amino Acids; 0 / Mucins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1852400
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31. Koide R, Shimizu T, Koike K, Dalmau J: EFA6A-like antibodies in paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with immature ovarian teratoma: a case report. J Neurooncol; 2007 Jan;81(1):71-4
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  • [Title] EFA6A-like antibodies in paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with immature ovarian teratoma: a case report.
  • We describe a 19-year-old patient with paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with immature ovarian teratoma (OT), who presented with psychiatric symptoms, prolonged disturbance of consciousness, refractory status epilepticus, central hypoventilation, and various abnormal involuntary movements.
  • Antibodies that colocalize with EFA6A are a valuable marker for early diagnosis of a potentially reversible paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with OT.
  • [MeSH-major] Limbic Encephalitis / immunology. Nerve Tissue Proteins / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / immunology. Status Epilepticus / etiology. Teratoma / immunology

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  • (PMID = 16807779.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / PSD protein, human
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32. Ding DC, Chen SS: Conservative laparoscopic management of ovarian teratoma torsion in a young woman. J Chin Med Assoc; 2005 Jan;68(1):37-9
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  • [Title] Conservative laparoscopic management of ovarian teratoma torsion in a young woman.
  • Benign cystic tumors, specifically dermoid or mucinous cysts, are the most frequent causes of ovarian torsion.
  • In clinical practice, adnexal torsion is usually subjected to adnexectomy to prevent embolism of thrombosed ovarian veins and its sequelae.
  • In such situations, conservative management with untwisting of the adnexa, followed by cystectomy to preserve part of the ovary, would be a better option.
  • In this report, we present a case of adnexal torsion due to cystic teratoma.
  • A 25-year-old unmarried woman with lower abdominal pain and nausea was referred to our emergency room with suspicion of an ovarian mass.
  • Ultrasonography showed a left ovarian mass measuring 9.7 x 6.5 x 6.2 cm with heterogeneous components within it.
  • Laparoscopy showed an enlarged, dusky left ovary with torsion.
  • The pathology revealed cystic teratoma of the ovary.
  • This conservative approach should be encouraged in women of childbearing age to reduce the possibility of premenopausal loss of ovarian function.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15742862.001).
  • [ISSN] 1726-4901
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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33. Lesher AP, Myers TJ, Tecklenburg F, Streck CJ: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis associated with an ovarian teratoma in an adolescent female. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Jul;45(7):1550-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis associated with an ovarian teratoma in an adolescent female.
  • We report a case of NMDA receptor encephalitis in a 15-year-old female related to the development of NMDA receptor autoantibodies triggered by an ovarian teratoma.
  • Removal of the mature teratoma proved curative with eventual resolution of the paraneoplastic disease process and associated psychiatric symptoms.
  • Increasingly, reports of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis associated with ovarian teratomas in pediatric patients, as well as a novel assay to measure these antibodies, suggest an etiology for this disease process that may be amenable to prompt surgical excision.
  • The clinical presentation, diagnosis, and surgical management of the disease, as well as a review of the literature, are included.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System / etiology. Encephalitis / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / etiology. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / etiology. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / immunology. Teratoma / etiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20638543.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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34. Mangili G, Scarfone G, Gadducci A, Sigismondi C, Ferrandina G, Scibilia G, Viganò R, Tateo S, Villa A, Lorusso D: Is adjuvant chemotherapy indicated in stage I pure immature ovarian teratoma (IT)? A multicentre Italian trial in ovarian cancer (MITO-9). Gynecol Oncol; 2010 Oct;119(1):48-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Is adjuvant chemotherapy indicated in stage I pure immature ovarian teratoma (IT)? A multicentre Italian trial in ovarian cancer (MITO-9).
  • OBJECTIVE: Conservative surgery followed by platinum-based chemotherapy is considered the standard approach for stage I immature ovarian teratoma (IT), except for stage IA G1.
  • At recurrence 4 patients presenting with mature teratoma were treated with surgery alone, whereas 2 recurring with IT were treated with surgery plus chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy. Teratoma / drug therapy

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20599258.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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35. Canda AE, Astarcioglu H, Obuz F, Canda MS: Cystic ovarian teratoma with intracystic floating globules. Abdom Imaging; 2005 May-Jun;30(3):369-71
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  • [Title] Cystic ovarian teratoma with intracystic floating globules.
  • Ovarian cystic teratomas are cystic fatty tumors that are often found in patients of reproductive age, and the diagnosis can be easily made radiologically.
  • We present a case of postmenopausal ovarian cystic teratoma with an unusual radiologic appearance of intracystic floating globules.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15654574.001).
  • [ISSN] 0942-8925
  • [Journal-full-title] Abdominal imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Abdom Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Ramalingam P, Teague D, Reid-Nicholson M: Imprint cytology of high-grade immature ovarian teratoma: a case report, literature review, and distinction from other ovarian small round cell tumors. Diagn Cytopathol; 2008 Aug;36(8):595-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Imprint cytology of high-grade immature ovarian teratoma: a case report, literature review, and distinction from other ovarian small round cell tumors.
  • Immature ovarian teratoma (IOT) is a rare and aggressive malignant neoplasm characterized by immature neural tissue.
  • Differential diagnoses include other small round cell neoplasms such as ovarian neuroblastoma, small cell carcinoma of hypercalcemic type, primitive neuroectodermal tumor, Wilm's tumor, desmoplastic small round cell tumor, and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Distinguishing IOT from these tumors can be challenging however if diligent morphologic study and/or ancillary studies are performed accurate diagnosis is possible.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / diagnosis. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Neural Plate / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18618728.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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37. Las Heras F, Pritzker KP, Colgan TJ: Chordoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report. Pathol Res Pract; 2007;203(6):467-71
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  • [Title] Chordoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report.
  • Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary (MCTO) is the most common type of ovarian teratoma and also the most frequent tumor originating from germ cells.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common malignancy arising in these otherwise benign tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Differentiation. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Chordoma / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7. Chromosomes, Human, X. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Keratins / analysis. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Mosaicism. Mucin-1 / analysis. S100 Proteins / analysis. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17418959.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / TP53 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / Vimentin; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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38. Raimundo PO, Coelho S, Cabeleira A, Dias L, Gonçalves M, Almeida J: Warm antibody autoimmune haemolytic anaemia associated with ovarian teratoma. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010
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  • [Title] Warm antibody autoimmune haemolytic anaemia associated with ovarian teratoma.
  • The ovarian cystic teratoma is a rare cause of autoimmune haemolytic anaemia by warm antibodies, resistant to corticotherapy, with few case reports published in the medical literature.
  • Regression of extra-vascular haemolysis and normalisation of haemoglobin was obtained only after laparoscopic splenectomy and right ooforectomy, and the histopathology of the right anexial mass revealed a cystic teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / immunology. Teratoma / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Coombs Test. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Laparoscopy. Middle Aged. Ovariectomy. Splenectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 22750920.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3052837
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39. Zaragoza Vargas PE, Dickter S, Baquera Heredia J, Ortiz Hidalgo C: [Gastric wall in benign cystic teratoma of the ovary]. Ginecol Obstet Mex; 2007 Jan;75(1):43-5
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  • [Title] [Gastric wall in benign cystic teratoma of the ovary].
  • [Transliterated title] Pared gástrica en teratoma quístico benigno de ovario.
  • We present the clinicopathlogical features of an ovarian mature cystic teratoma with a fully developed gastric wall containing an extensive peptic ulcer.
  • There are only two previous reported cases of gastric mucosa with a peptic ulcer in an ovarian teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastric Mucosa. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17542268.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9041
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginecología y obstetricia de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginecol Obstet Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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40. Al-Rayyan ES, Duqoum WJ, Sawalha MS, Nascimento MC, Pather S, Dalrymple CJ, Carter JR: Secondary malignancies in ovarian dermoid cyst. Saudi Med J; 2009 Apr;30(4):524-8
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  • [Title] Secondary malignancies in ovarian dermoid cyst.
  • OBJECTIVE: To review our local experience with mature cystic ovarian teratoma, and describe our treatment modality regarding this uncommon condition.
  • RESULTS: Eleven cases of ovarian dermoid cyst with secondary malignancy were identified.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19370280.001).
  • [ISSN] 0379-5284
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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41. Tüzün E, Zhou L, Baehring JM, Bannykh S, Rosenfeld MR, Dalmau J: Evidence for antibody-mediated pathogenesis in anti-NMDAR encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma. Acta Neuropathol; 2009 Dec;118(6):737-43
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  • [Title] Evidence for antibody-mediated pathogenesis in anti-NMDAR encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma.

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  • (PMID = 19680671.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0533
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neuropathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neuropathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA089054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA107192-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA89054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA107192; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA089054-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS174149; NLM/ PMC2888642
  •  go-up   go-down


42. Dalmau J, Tüzün E, Wu HY, Masjuan J, Rossi JE, Voloschin A, Baehring JM, Shimazaki H, Koide R, King D, Mason W, Sansing LH, Dichter MA, Rosenfeld MR, Lynch DR: Paraneoplastic anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma. Ann Neurol; 2007 Jan;61(1):25-36
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  • [Title] Paraneoplastic anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma.
  • Eleven patients had teratoma of the ovary (six mature) and one a mature teratoma in the mediastinum; five of five tumors examined contained nervous tissue that strongly expressed NR2 subunits and reacted with patients' antibodies.

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  • (PMID = 17262855.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-5134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Neurol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS045986-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA089054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192-04; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS45986; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA89054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS045986-04; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS045986; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA107192; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA107192-04; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R56 NS045986; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA089054-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 0 / Protein Subunits; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS45869; NLM/ PMC2430743
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43. Das CJ, Sharma R, Thulkar S, Mukhopadhyay S, Deka D, Mannan R: Mature ovarian teratoma with gliomatosis peritonei--a case report. Indian J Cancer; 2005 Jul-Sep;42(3):165-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mature ovarian teratoma with gliomatosis peritonei--a case report.
  • Gliomatosis peritonei (GP), a rare condition related to ovarian teratomas, is characterized by miliary implants of mature glial tissues on the peritoneum or omentum.
  • We report herein a case of mature teratoma of the ovary with GP with imaging features and pathological correlation.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16276020.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-509X
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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44. Terzic M, Dokic M, Stimec B: Immature ovarian teratoma in a young girl: very short course and lethal outcome. A case report. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2005 Mar-Apr;15(2):382-4
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  • [Title] Immature ovarian teratoma in a young girl: very short course and lethal outcome. A case report.
  • Immature teratomas of the ovary represent less than 1% of all ovarian teratomas.
  • We report the case of a 17-year-old girl who presented with an immature teratoma of the left ovary that recurred 3 months later as an inoperable malignant neuroepithelial peritoneal tumor resembling a glioblastoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15823130.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Mislow JM, Slotkin JR, Proctor MR: Ovarian Teratoma Masquerading as a CSF Pseudocyst in a Female with a Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt. Case Rep Med; 2009;2009:240705
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  • [Title] Ovarian Teratoma Masquerading as a CSF Pseudocyst in a Female with a Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt.
  • Background. In today's fast-paced and high-acuity emergency departments, clinicians are often compelled to triage cases so rapidly that a differential diagnosis consistent with the history and physical examination is not comprehensive.
  • Case Report. This case report describes the unexpected finding of a cystic ovarian neoplasm in a young female with an abdominal mass and a ventriculoperitoneal shunt, initially diagnosed as a cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst.
  • We use this case to illustrate that the astute clinician must always synthesize a diagnosis from all data sources and not to rely on initial radiographic evaluations.
  • Conclusions. This remarkable case demonstrates that all differential diagnoses must be entertained in order to rapidly and accurately diagnose a patient with a cystic abdominal mass.

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  • (PMID = 19718253.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-9627
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Med
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / F32 NS061483
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2729319
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46. van Altena AM, Wijnberg GJ, Kolwijck E, de Hullu JA, Massuger LF: A patient with bilateral immature ovarian teratoma presenting with paraneoplastic encephalitis. Gynecol Oncol; 2008 Feb;108(2):445-8
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  • [Title] A patient with bilateral immature ovarian teratoma presenting with paraneoplastic encephalitis.
  • These symptoms mostly precede the gynecological diagnosis.
  • Physical examination and transvaginal ultrasound (TVU) showed enlarged ovaries.
  • Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and complete staging were performed resulting in FIGO stage Ib grade 1 immature teratoma.
  • CONCLUSION: In case a young woman presents with encephalitis of unknown origin she should also be referred to the gynecologist to rule out ovarian pathology, especially since surgical removal of a teratoma may result in clinical improvement or even complete recovery.
  • [MeSH-major] Limbic Encephalitis / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18029289.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Mandal S, Dhingra K, Gupta P, Khurana N: Rare growth of a psammomatous meningioma in a mature ovarian teratoma: a case report. Pathol Res Pract; 2010 May 15;206(5):322-4
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  • [Title] Rare growth of a psammomatous meningioma in a mature ovarian teratoma: a case report.
  • The presence of meningothelial elements along with abundant psammoma bodies indicates the presence of a benign meningioma within a teratoma.
  • Recognition of meningioma arising in the setting of a teratoma is of prognostic significance, depending on the nature of this component and its spread beyond the organ of origin.
  • We report a case of psammomatous meningioma in which meningothelial cells and psammoma bodies were both abundant and diffuse, allowing for the diagnosis of a meningioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Meningioma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19616897.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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48. Alotaibi MO, Navarro OM: Imaging of ovarian teratomas in children: a 9-year review. Can Assoc Radiol J; 2010 Feb;61(1):23-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Imaging of ovarian teratomas in children: a 9-year review.
  • OBJECTIVE: Germ cell tumours are the most common ovarian neoplasms in childhood and, of these, teratomas, whether mature or immature, are the most frequently found.
  • Mature teratoma is a benign tumour, whereas the immature type, although also benign, has a more aggressive course, with a propensity to recurrence.
  • A review of the literature revealed that there are some imaging features that may help to differentiate between these 2 types of teratoma, although no systematic comparison has been made.
  • The objective of this study was to review imaging features of ovarian teratomas in children and to assess differentiating imaging features between the mature and immature types of ovarian teratoma.
  • METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients who presented to our institution during a 9-year period (September 1999 to August 2008) with ovarian teratoma as confirmed on histology.
  • RESULTS: Forty-one patients with pathologically proven ovarian teratoma were found.
  • Thirty patients (73.2%) were found to have mature ovarian teratoma, and 11 (26.8%) had immature teratoma.
  • On ultrasonography, the appearance of the immature teratomas was purely solid in 3 (27.3%), mixed solid and cystic in 6 (54.5%), and predominantly cystic in 2 (18%).
  • The mature ovarian teratomas demonstrated a predominantly cystic appearance in 22 (73.3%) and a mixed solid and cystic appearance in 8 (26.6%); there were no cases with a pure solid appearance.
  • The prevalence of the more cystic appearance of the mature type showed significant statistical difference when compared with its prevalence in the immature type (P = .0008, chi(2) test).
  • Other imaging features, such as size, presence of fat, or calcifications, did not show a significant difference between the 2 types of teratoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The predominance of a cystic component and a pure solid component in ovarian teratoma are significant differentiating factors between the mature type and the more aggressive immature type of teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Canadian Association of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19931379.001).
  • [ISSN] 0846-5371
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian Association of Radiologists journal = Journal l'Association canadienne des radiologistes
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can Assoc Radiol J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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49. Khan J, McClennan BL, Qureshi S, Martell M, Iyer A, Bokhari SJ: Meigs syndrome and gliomatosis peritonei: a case report and review of literature. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Aug;98(2):313-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • To the best of our knowledge, pseudo-Meigs syndrome (PMS) has never been described in the setting of gliomatosis peritonei (GP), both arising from an ovarian teratoma.
  • We present a case of ovarian teratoma with both these rare findings.
  • The case is unique as it presents two rare manifestations of ovarian teratoma in the same patient; there are many cases in the literature where both these manifestations have been described in different patients.
  • We review the literature for these two rare complications of ovarian teratoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / complications. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15963555.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 42
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50. Takeda A, Imoto S, Mori M, Sakai K, Nakamura H: Laparoscopic management of mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with multiple intracystic floating spherules. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2009 May;279(5):775-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic management of mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with multiple intracystic floating spherules.
  • INTRODUCTION: A feature of multiple spherical structures floating free in a cystic mass is one of the very rare patterns of mature cystic teratoma.
  • Image diagnosis showed a large cystic tumor with unusual intracystic multiple floating spherules.
  • The histopathological diagnosis was mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with marked desquamative keratin formations.
  • CONCLUSIONS: After obtaining pathognomonic findings on diagnostic imaging, laparoscopic management of a rare form of mature cystic teratoma of the ovary with numerous intracystic floating spherules was successfully performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19037650.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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51. Marsaudon X, Fermeaux V, Mathonnet M: [Peritoneal pseudo-carcinosis in a young woman: peritoneal gliomatosis]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2005 Jun-Jul;29(6-7):740-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Une pseudo-carcinose péritonéale de la jeune femme: la gliomatose péritonéale.
  • Gliomatosis is often associated with ovarian teratoma.
  • We describe a case of gliomatosis 8 years after the removal of a mature ovarian teratoma.
  • The physiopathology, treatment and medical follow up of this benign disease is discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Peritoneal Diseases / diagnosis. Peritoneal Diseases / pathology. Teratoma / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Carcinoma / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Neuroglia. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16142011.001).
  • [ISSN] 0399-8320
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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52. Candela G, Di Libero L, Varriale S, Manetta F, Napolitano S, Scetta G, Esposito D, Sciascia V, Santini L: Hemoperitoneum caused by the rupture of a giant ovarian teratoma in a 9-year-old female. Case report and literature review. Ann Ital Chir; 2009 Mar-Apr;80(2):141-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hemoperitoneum caused by the rupture of a giant ovarian teratoma in a 9-year-old female. Case report and literature review.
  • The operation performed in urgency, as well as the removal of a bulky mass situated in the left flank and the right ovary whence it arose, made it clear that abdominal signs and symptoms were caused by the twisting and rupturing of a neoformation, that would hence cause an impressive hemoperitoneum.
  • The histopathologic examination showed a three-germ layer mature mixed teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemoperitoneum / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Teratoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 19681297.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-469X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annali italiani di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Ital Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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53. Kleyensteuber B, Ruterbusch V, Bennett J, Llewellyn D, Loeffler G: Limbic encephalitis presenting with seizures, anterograde amnesia, and psychosis in a patient seven weeks status post immature ovarian teratoma removal. Mil Med; 2010 Aug;175(8):616-8
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  • [Title] Limbic encephalitis presenting with seizures, anterograde amnesia, and psychosis in a patient seven weeks status post immature ovarian teratoma removal.
  • The woman had a teratoma removed 2 months earlier.
  • The patient was treated for a suspected somatoform disorder and psychosis.
  • Based on the clinical picture, the working diagnosis was changed to delirium due to paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Amnesia, Anterograde / diagnosis. Limbic Encephalitis / diagnosis. Paraneoplastic Syndromes / diagnosis. Psychotic Disorders / diagnosis. Seizures / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Imaging. Electroencephalography. Female. Humans. Immunoglobulins, Intravenous / therapeutic use. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Steroids / therapeutic use. Teratoma / surgery


54. Venizelos ID, Tatsiou ZA, Roussos D, Karagiannis V: A case of sebaceous carcinoma arising within a benign ovarian cystic teratoma. Onkologie; 2009 Jun;32(6):353-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of sebaceous carcinoma arising within a benign ovarian cystic teratoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Mature cystic teratoma, also known as dermoid cyst, is the most common germ cell tumor of the ovary.
  • Malignant change in a component of a mature ovarian teratoma is rare, occurring in less than 2% of cases, with squamous cell carcinoma corresponding to 80% of such neoplasms.
  • Abdominal and pelvic ultrasound as well as computed tomography demonstrated a heterogenic tumor of the right ovary.
  • Histological examination of the tumor showed features of a well-differentiated sebaceous carcinoma arising within a mature cystic teratoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is an extremely rare ovarian malignancy of which the clinical behavior and optimal management are not well established.
  • Differential diagnosis with other malignant neoplasms arising in mature cystic teratomas is exceedingly important for treatment and prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Ovarian Cysts / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 19521124.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0240
  • [Journal-full-title] Onkologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Onkologie
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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55. Mitrou S, Manek S, Kehoe S: Cystic struma ovarii presenting as pseudo-Meigs' syndrome with elevated CA125 levels. A case report and review of the literature. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2008 Mar-Apr;18(2):372-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cystic struma ovarii presenting as pseudo-Meigs' syndrome with elevated CA125 levels. A case report and review of the literature.
  • Struma ovarii is a rare ovarian teratoma consisted predominantly of mature thyroid tissue.
  • Although the vast majority of strumas are benign, they can present mimicking malignancy.
  • The patient underwent laparotomy, and histology revealed a benign struma ovarii.
  • This is only the fifth case in the English literature of a benign struma ovarii presenting as pseudo-Meigs' syndrome with elevated CA125.
  • Struma ovarii should be included in the differential diagnosis of a pelvic mass that presents with ascites, hydrothorax, and elevated tumor markers.
  • [MeSH-major] Meigs Syndrome / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Struma Ovarii / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] CA-125 Antigen / blood. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18334015.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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56. Gupta A, Subhas G, Mittal VK, Jacobs MJ: Pancreatic schwannoma: literature review. J Surg Educ; 2009 May-Jun;66(3):168-73
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Accurate preoperative diagnosis remains difficult, but computed tomography (CT) scanning and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) help to establish the diagnosis, and definitive diagnosis requires immunohistochemical examination.
  • Cystic pancreatic schwannomas should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cystic neoplasms and pseudocysts.
  • In this report, we examine a case of benign pancreatic schwannoma in a 56-year-old woman.
  • She was being evaluated for an ovarian teratoma, and an 8-cm cystic mass was incidentally found in the head of the pancreas.
  • [MeSH-major] Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Incidental Findings. Middle Aged. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19712917.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-7452
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical education
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Educ
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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57. Parmentier B, Vaz E, Chabaud-Williamson M, Fasola S, Kotobi H, Coulomb-L'herminé A, Auber F: Mucinous cystadenoma arising 3 years after ovarian-sparing surgery for mature teratoma in a child. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Aug;45(8):E9-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mucinous cystadenoma arising 3 years after ovarian-sparing surgery for mature teratoma in a child.
  • We report the case of a 15-year-old girl diagnosed with mucinous cystadenoma 3 years after ovarian-sparing surgery for a mature teratoma located in the same ovary.
  • Ovarian teratoma is the most common ovarian neoplasm in children, whereas mucinous cystadenoma is extremely rare during childhood.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovary / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20713202.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Bayreuther C, Bourg V, Dellamonica J, Borg M, Bernardin G, Thomas P: Complex partial status epilepticus revealing anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis. Epileptic Disord; 2009 Sep;11(3):261-5
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  • Association with ovarian teratoma is common.
  • Here, we report a case of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma presenting with inaugural complex partial status epilepticus.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use. Electroencephalography. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19736168.001).
  • [ISSN] 1294-9361
  • [Journal-full-title] Epileptic disorders : international epilepsy journal with videotape
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epileptic Disord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticonvulsants; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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59. Lo JW, Leung EY, Ng BL, Fu MH, Yip KK, Chan RT, Chang CM: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis in a young woman with an ovarian tumour. Hong Kong Med J; 2010 Aug;16(4):313-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis in a young woman with an ovarian tumour.
  • Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is characterised by psychiatric and neurological abnormalities and occurs in frequent association with ovarian teratoma.
  • We report the first confirmed case of teratoma-associated anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis in Hong Kong in a young woman presenting with confusion and prominent dyskinesia, followed by a review of the current literature.

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  • (PMID = 20683078.001).
  • [ISSN] 1024-2708
  • [Journal-full-title] Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hong Kong Med J
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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60. Yamaguchi K, Mandai M, Fukuhara K, Higuchi T, Hamanishi J, Takakura K, Fujii S: Malignant transformation of mature cystic teratoma of the ovary including three cases occurring during follow-up period. Oncol Rep; 2008 Mar;19(3):705-11
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  • [Title] Malignant transformation of mature cystic teratoma of the ovary including three cases occurring during follow-up period.
  • The aim of this study was to seek for factors which lead to the early diagnosis of malignant transformation from mature cystic teratoma.
  • Fourteen patients with malignant transformation from mature cystic teratoma of the ovary were analyzed retrospectively for precise clinicopathology and prognosis.
  • On the other hand, in benign cases, a false positive elevation of the serum SCC and CEA was observed in 23.5 and 14.3%, which turned out to be normal in 40 and 52.9% cases in the repeated study, respectively.
  • In conclusion neither imaging analysis nor tumor markers including SCC and CEA accurately diagnose malignant transformation of mature cystic teratoma in its early stage, suggesting that a combination of diagnostic means is important.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Carcinoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma / radiography. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18288405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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61. Kleinig TJ, Thompson PD, Matar W, Duggins A, Kimber TE, Morris JG, Kneebone CS, Blumbergs PC: The distinctive movement disorder of ovarian teratoma-associated encephalitis. Mov Disord; 2008 Jul 15;23(9):1256-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The distinctive movement disorder of ovarian teratoma-associated encephalitis.
  • The movement disorder observed in four cases of ovarian teratoma associated encephalitis is described.
  • The movement disorder consisted of semirhythmic repetitive bulbar and limb movements and persisted during prolonged periods of unresponsiveness, diminishing as awareness returned.
  • The characteristics of the movement disorder differed from recognized dyskinesias.
  • Recognition of the distinctive movements should prompt a search for an ovarian teratoma since the condition is responsive to tumor resection and immunomodulation.
  • [MeSH-major] Encephalitis / diagnosis. Encephalitis / etiology. Movement Disorders / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / complications. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Movement Disorder Society.
  • (PMID = 18442127.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-8257
  • [Journal-full-title] Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mov. Disord.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Shimazaki H, Ando Y, Nakano I, Dalmau J: Reversible limbic encephalitis with antibodies against the membranes of neurones of the hippocampus. BMJ Case Rep; 2009;2009

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  • The authors report a patient with limbic encephalitis associated with an ovarian teratoma.

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  • [Cites] Brain. 2000 Jul;123 ( Pt 7):1481-94 [10869059.001]
  • [Cites] J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2004 Aug;75(8):1135-40 [15258215.001]
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  • (PMID = 21686771.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3028149
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63. Mahomedy S, Bayat MR, Seedat M: Meat balls: a pathognomonic ultrasound and computed tomography finding in mature cystic teratoma. Australas Radiol; 2007 Dec;51 Suppl:B281-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Meat balls: a pathognomonic ultrasound and computed tomography finding in mature cystic teratoma.
  • One of the commonest germ cell tumours are mature cystic ovarian teratomas.
  • The case presented, however, is of an unusual, yet pathognomonic CT and ultrasound imaging appearance of an ovarian teratoma that was due to floating balls.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 17991085.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-8461
  • [Journal-full-title] Australasian radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Australas Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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64. Lee A, Glick DB, Dinwiddie SH: Electroconvulsive therapy in a pediatric patient with malignant catatonia and paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis. J ECT; 2006 Dec;22(4):267-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis is a rare disorder that can cause memory loss, confusion, personality change, cognitive dysfunction, and psychosis.
  • We present a case of an 11-year-old girl who was successfully treated with electroconvulsive therapy for a catatonic state associated with paraneoplastic limbic encephalitis caused by an ovarian teratoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Female. Humans. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Teratoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 17143159.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-0680
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of ECT
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J ECT
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Kikuchi M, Mizutani K, Miwa K, Yokoi S, Nakano M, Ehara H, Deguchi T: Images in clinical urology. Floating balls appearance in testicular cystic teratoma. Urology; 2009 Jul;74(1):71-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Images in clinical urology. Floating balls appearance in testicular cystic teratoma.
  • Fourteen cases of a "floating balls" appearance on imaging studies in a mature ovarian cystic teratoma have been reported in published studies since 1991.
  • However, the floating balls occurred in rather large cysts.
  • Because of self-examination, patients with testicular teratoma are usually referred to the hospital when the tumor is of a smaller size than that seen in patients with ovarian teratoma.
  • We report the first case of a floating balls appearance in a testicular teratoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Teratoma / pathology. Teratoma / ultrasonography. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology. Testicular Neoplasms / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 19362339.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Amalaseelan JV, Perera KA: An unusual variant of malignant struma ovarii. Ceylon Med J; 2008 Jun;53(2):55-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Struma ovarii is a highly specialised form of mature ovarian teratoma.
  • When thyroid tissue constitutes 50% or more of the ovarian neoplasm, the tumour is termed struma ovarii.
  • Malignant struma ovarii is rare and makes up 0.1-0.3% of all ovarian teratomas [2].
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Struma Ovarii / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18678124.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-0875
  • [Journal-full-title] The Ceylon medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ceylon Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sri Lanka
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67. Suzuki Y, Kurita T, Sakurai K, Takeda Y, Koyama T: [Case report of anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis suspected of schizophrenia]. Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi; 2009;111(12):1479-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Recently, paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma, which predomi nantly affects young women, has been reported.
  • Brain imaging was normal, but a solid tumor containing soft tissue and calcified components, probably an ovarian teratoma, was discovered on an abdominal CT scan.
  • Gamma globulin was very effective, and the ovarian teratoma was removed.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoantibodies / cerebrospinal fluid. Limbic Encephalitis / diagnosis. Limbic Encephalitis / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / immunology. Schizophrenia. Teratoma / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult. gamma-Globins / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 20136036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2658
  • [Journal-full-title] Seishin shinkeigaku zasshi = Psychiatria et neurologia Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Seishin Shinkeigaku Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; 0 / gamma-Globins
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68. Targnion A, Broze B, Habonimana E, Jouan H, Frémond B: [Gliomatosis peritonei, an unusual abdominal carcinomatosis: report of two cases]. Arch Pediatr; 2010 Aug;17(8):1169-73
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] La gliomatose péritonéale: un aspect inhabituel de carcinomatose: à propos de deux cas.
  • We report on 2 cases of ovarian teratoma associated with gliomatosis peritonei in 2 young girls aged 9 and 14 years.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20452193.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-664X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Pediatr
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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69. Song YN, Zhu L, Lang JH: [Recurrent mature ovarian teratomas: retrospective analysis of 20 cases]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2007 May 8;87(17):1184-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Recurrent mature ovarian teratomas: retrospective analysis of 20 cases].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and the rule of recurrence of mature ovarian teratoma.
  • METHODS: The clinical data of 20 patients with recurrent mature ovarian teratoma treated 1965 approximately 2002 was analyzed retrospectively and compared with the data of 40 patients without recurrence who were randomly selected at the ratio of 1 patient with recurrence to 2 patients without recurrence and who underwent surgical treatment in the same operation dates as the corresponding patients with recurrence.
  • There were no significant differences in gravidity, parity, and the cyst size, manner of surgery, and rupture during operation between the 2 groups (all P > 0.05).
  • The incidence rates of bilateral or multilocular cysts in the patients with recurrence were significantly higher than those of the patients without recurrence (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).
  • CONCLUSION: Younger patients and patients bilateral or multiple dermoid cysts should be followed up closely.
  • Laparoscopy is the best treatment choice for mature ovarian teratoma.
  • Biopsy of the contralateral ovary is not recommended regularly in surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17686238.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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70. Contreras AL, Malpica A: Angiosarcoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report and review of the literature. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2009 Sep;28(5):453-7
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  • [Title] Angiosarcoma arising in mature cystic teratoma of the ovary: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Mature cystic teratoma of the ovary is the most common ovarian tumor.
  • To date, only 5 cases of angiosarcoma arising in a mature cystic teratoma of the ovary have been reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19696615.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; UM20QQM95Y / Ifosfamide
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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71. Netters FJ, van Oven MW, van Loon AJ, Hoogenberg K: [Struma ovarii during pregnancy]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd; 2008 Jun 7;152(23):1335-8
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  • [Transliterated title] Struma ovarii tijdens de zwangerschap.
  • At 16-weeks gestation a left-sided unilateral ovarian cyst was discovered.
  • At 37 weeks of pregnancy an elective caesarean section was carried out, due to the transverse presentation caused by the cyst, followed by an adnexectomy.
  • Histological examination showed a struma ovarii, a rare mature ovarian teratoma mainly consisting of thyroid tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / surgery. Struma Ovarii / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18661861.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2162
  • [Journal-full-title] Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd
  • [Language] dut
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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72. Hatami M, Breining D, Owers RL, Del Priore G, Goldberg GL: Malignant struma ovarii--a case report and review of the literature. Gynecol Obstet Invest; 2008;65(2):104-7
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  • BACKGROUND: Struma ovarii is a rare monodermal ovarian teratoma composed predominantly of mature thyroid tissue.
  • CASE REPORT: A 53-year-old female presented with a 19 x 5 x 5 cm pelvic mass that was treated with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic and para-aortic lymph node sampling, omentectomy and appendectomy and staging for an ovarian tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: Malignant struma ovarii is a very rare malignant ovarian teratoma.
  • In young patients unilateral oophorectomy and complete surgical staging should be considered when the tumor is confined to the one ovary (stage Ia).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Struma Ovarii / pathology. Thyroid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 17890867.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-002X
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic and obstetric investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Obstet. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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73. Piscaglia F, Vidili G, Ugolini G, Ramini R, Montroni I, De Iaco P, Donati G, Leoni S, Venturi A, Mirarchi MG: Fitz-Hugh-Curtis-syndrome mimicking acute cholecystitis: value of new ultrasound findings in the differential diagnosis. Ultraschall Med; 2005 Jun;26(3):227-30
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  • [Title] Fitz-Hugh-Curtis-syndrome mimicking acute cholecystitis: value of new ultrasound findings in the differential diagnosis.
  • We report the case of a patient with a right ovarian teratoma, abnormal liver tests and pain in the right abdomen and shoulder, initially attributed to an acalculous cholecystitis.
  • This prompted laparoscopic exploration of the subdiaphragmatic space, and the final diagnosis of Fitz-Hugh-Curtis-syndrome was made.
  • [MeSH-major] Cholecystitis, Acute / diagnosis. Hepatitis / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease / diagnosis. Teratoma / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Syndrome


74. Brassesco MS, Castro-Gamero AM, Valera ET, Neder L, Elias J Jr, Tone LG: 3q27 aberrations in a childhood ovary teratoma with associated malignant germ cell component. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2009 Mar;52(3):398-401
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  • [Title] 3q27 aberrations in a childhood ovary teratoma with associated malignant germ cell component.
  • Cytogenetic studies of childhood ovary tumors have been poorly described.
  • In the present article, the cytogenetic findings of an ovarian teratoma with malignant germ cell (yolk-sac) component occurring in an 8-year-old female are detailed.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Sex Chromosome Aberrations. Teratoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19023889.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. England RA, deSouza NM, Kaye SB: Gliomatosis peritonei: MRI appearances and its potential role in follow up. Br J Radiol; 2007 May;80(953):e101-4
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  • Gliomatosis peritonei is a rare complication of ovarian teratomas characterized by peritoneal implants of glial tissue.
  • We present a case of immature ovarian teratoma complicated by the development of low grade gliomatosis peritonei.
  • [MeSH-major] Neuroglia. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Diseases / pathology. Teratoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovary / pathology. Peritoneum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17638834.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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76. O'Gorman T, Olaitan A: Primary malignant melanoma arising in an ovarian cystic teratoma. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2009;30(1):88-9
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  • [Title] Primary malignant melanoma arising in an ovarian cystic teratoma.
  • Cystic ovarian teratomas are common tumours.
  • Malignant melanoma developing in a teratoma, however, is an extremely rare diagnosis.
  • She underwent laparotomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for a large right ovarian tumour.
  • Histopathology revealed a malignant melanoma and carcinoid tumour in the right ovarian teratoma and an endometrioid adenocarcinoma in the left ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Dermoid Cyst / pathology. Melanoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19317266.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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77. Kamei S: [Relationship between anti-NMDAR encephalitis and acute juvenile female non-herpetic encephalitis (AJFNHE)]. Rinsho Shinkeigaku; 2008 Nov;48(11):916-9
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  • Dalmau reported that ovarian teratoma was demonstrated in 11 out of 12 patients, and mediastinal teratoma in 1 patient.
  • This survey revealed that the annual incidence was 0.33/10(6) population, respiratory failure was observed in 70% and required care with mechanical ventilation, associated tumors were demonstrated in 40% and ovarian teratoma was the most frequent.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Epitopes. Female. Humans. Incidence. Japan / epidemiology. Nervous System Diseases / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Prognosis. Respiratory Insufficiency / etiology. Teratoma / complications. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19198117.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-918X
  • [Journal-full-title] Rinshō shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Shinkeigaku
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Epitopes; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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78. Chen FP, Ng KK: Term pregnancy at the site of atresia following vaginal canalization in a case of uterus didelphys with hemivaginal atresia and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Dec;45(4):366-8
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  • Ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging examination revealed a left ovarian teratoma, right hematocolpos, and uterus didelphys with atresia of the right vagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis.
  • Enucleation of the left ovarian teratoma by laparoscopy and drainage of hematocolpos by 2-cm canalization as a marsupialization procedure at the right paracervical protruding part under sonographic guidance were performed.
  • CONCLUSION: A greater awareness of the syndrome of uterus didelphys, hemivaginal atresia, and ipsilateral renal agenesis should lead to a correct diagnosis.
  • We herein report our experience with the correct diagnosis and alternative management of this rare syndrome.

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  • (PMID = 17175503.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-6263
  • [Journal-full-title] Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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79. Wolff EF, Hughes M, Merino MJ, Reynolds JC, Davis JL, Cochran CS, Celi FS: Expression of benign and malignant thyroid tissue in ovarian teratomas and the importance of multimodal management as illustrated by a BRAF-positive follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer. Thyroid; 2010 Sep;20(9):981-7
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  • [Title] Expression of benign and malignant thyroid tissue in ovarian teratomas and the importance of multimodal management as illustrated by a BRAF-positive follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer.
  • BACKGROUND: The most common type of ovarian germ cell tumor is the teratoma.
  • Thyroid tissue, both benign and malignant, may be a component of an ovarian teratoma.
  • Here we review this topic and illustrate major features by presenting multimodal management of a patient with BRAF-positive disseminated follicular thyroid cancer arising in an ovarian teratoma.
  • SUMMARY: Malignant thyroid tissue is often difficult to distinguish from benign thyroid tissue arising in ovarian teratomas.
  • Preoperatively, an elevated thyroglobulin (Tg) level, laboratory or clinical evidence of hyperthyroidism, or ultrasonography appearance of "struma pearl" should prompt referral to oncologist for surgical management of a possibly malignant ovarian teratoma.
  • Postoperatively, tumor tissue should be referred to pathologists experienced with differentiating benign from malignant struma ovarii.
  • We cared for woman with disseminated thyroid cancer arising in an ovarian teratoma whose history illustrates the complexity of managing ovarian teratomas with malignant thyroid tissue.
  • At age 33 she had an intraoperative rupture of an ovarian cyst, thought to be struma ovarii.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Aggressive multimodal management appears to be the most promising approach for malignant thyroid tissue arising in ovarian teratomas.

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  • [Cites] N Engl J Med. 2009 Jun 18;360(25):2680-1; author reply 2682-3 [19537322.001]
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  • (PMID = 20718682.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-9077
  • [Journal-full-title] Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thyroid
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Isotopes; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; 9010-34-8 / Thyroglobulin; 9FN79X2M3F / Lithium; EC 2.7.11.1 / BRAF protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf; Q51BO43MG4 / Thyroxine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2964358
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80. Weiss JR, Burgess JR, Kaplan KJ: Fetiform teratoma (homunculus). Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2006 Oct;130(10):1552-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fetiform teratoma (homunculus).
  • Fetiform teratoma (homunculus) is a term that has been given to a rare form of ovarian teratoma that resembles a malformed fetus.
  • In this report, we document a case of fetiform teratoma in a 23-year-old woman, gravida 0, who initially presented with a chief complaint of dyspareunia.
  • Differentiating fetiform teratoma from the more highly developed fetus-in-fetu and ectopic pregnancy is also discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Fetus / abnormalities. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Congenital Abnormalities / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Dyspareunia / etiology. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 17090201.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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81. Le Foll J, Pelletier A: [Psychiatric symptoms of a paraneoplastic anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis: A case report]. Encephale; 2010 Apr;36(2):166-71
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  • INTRODUCTION: We describe the case of a young woman affected by a benign ovarian teratoma with paraneoplastic encephalitis.
  • Several cases have already been reported, but it is the first article that focuses on details of the psychiatric symptoms of this disorder.
  • It has been shown that patients suffering from paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma display antibodies for anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in CSF or plasma (more specifically for the NR1 subunit of the NRl/NR2 heteromers required to form a functional NMDA receptor).
  • [MeSH-major] Autoantibodies / cerebrospinal fluid. Ovarian Neoplasms / psychology. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / diagnosis. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / psychology. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / immunology. Teratoma / diagnosis. Teratoma / psychology
  • [MeSH-minor] Bipolar Disorder / diagnosis. Bipolar Disorder / immunology. Bipolar Disorder / psychology. Brain / pathology. Diagnostic Errors. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neurologic Examination. Patient Care Team. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] 2009 L'Encéphale, Paris. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20434635.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-7006
  • [Journal-full-title] L'Encéphale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Encephale
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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82. Breese EH, Dalmau J, Lennon VA, Apiwattanakul M, Sokol DK: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis: early treatment is beneficial. Pediatr Neurol; 2010 Mar;42(3):213-4
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  • Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antibody has been associated with a severe stereotypic form of subacute encephalitis, often found in women with ovarian teratoma.
  • Reported here is the diagnosis of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis in a 5-year-old girl who presented with subacute encephalopathy and movement disorder without evidence of malignancy.
  • Early diagnosis and treatment with immune globulin and steroids resulted in near-complete recovery.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20159432.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5150
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 0 / Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; X4W7ZR7023 / Methylprednisolone
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83. Kunstmann L, Bständig B, Brucker-Davis F, Mouroux J, Rigot P, Fenichel P: [Malignant struma ovarii: false positive PET image for suspected metastasis due to sarcoidosis]. Ann Endocrinol (Paris); 2007 Feb;68(1):51-4
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  • Struma ovarii is an ovarian teratoma mainly composed of thyroid tissue, which can become malignant with possible peritoneal dissemination or even distant metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Sarcoidosis / radionuclide imaging

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  • (PMID = 17313936.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4266
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales d'endocrinologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Endocrinol. (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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84. Suzuki S, Seki M, Suzuki N: [Anti-NMDAR encephalopathy: treatment]. Rinsho Shinkeigaku; 2008 Nov;48(11):923-5
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  • First, patients with ovarian teratoma showed higher mortality and higher titer of anti-NMDAR antibody compared with those without.
  • Second, relapsing neurological symptoms occurred in 13% of patients, usually related to a delay in tumor diagnosis.
  • In conclusion, search for and removal of an ovarian teratoma should be promptly considered after the diagnosis of anti-NMDAR encephalopathy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Cortex Hormones / administration & dosage. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Immunoglobulins, Intravenous / administration & dosage. Immunosuppressive Agents / administration & dosage. Immunotherapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Plasmapheresis. Respiration, Artificial. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19198119.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-918X
  • [Journal-full-title] Rinshō shinkeigaku = Clinical neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Shinkeigaku
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones; 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Immunoglobulins, Intravenous; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
  • [Number-of-references] 9
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85. Iizuka T, Sakai F, Ide T, Monzen T, Yoshii S, Iigaya M, Suzuki K, Lynch DR, Suzuki N, Hata T, Dalmau J: Anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis in Japan: long-term outcome without tumor removal. Neurology; 2008 Feb 12;70(7):504-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report the definitive diagnosis of anti-NMDA receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis in four Japanese women previously diagnosed with "juvenile acute nonherpetic encephalitis" of unclear etiology, and to describe their long-term follow-up in the absence of tumor resection.
  • An ovarian teratoma was subsequently demonstrated in three patients (all confirmed pathologically). CONCLUSION:.
  • 1) These findings indicate that "juvenile acute nonherpetic encephalitis" or a subset of this disorder is mediated by an antibody-associated immune response against NR1/NR2 heteromers of the NMDA receptor (NMDAR).
  • 2) Our patients' clinical features emphasize that anti-NMDAR encephalitis is severe but potentially reversible and may precede by years the detection of an ovarian teratoma.

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  • [CommentIn] Neurology. 2008 Feb 12;70(7):500-1 [18268242.001]
  • (PMID = 17898324.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-632X
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurology
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA089054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192-04; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS45986; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA089054-06A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA89054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107192; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054-06A2; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS045986; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA107192; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA107192-04; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R56 NS045986; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089054
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / NR1 NMDA receptor; 0 / NR2A NMDA receptor; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS74560; NLM/ PMC2586938
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86. Prasad P, Nunns D, Ubhi CS, Chaudry Z, Soomro I: A rare case of follicular thyroid carcinoma in ovarian struma. Surgeon; 2008 Oct;6(5):313-5
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  • [Title] A rare case of follicular thyroid carcinoma in ovarian struma.
  • Struma ovarii is a form of specialised mature teratoma, with predominantly mature thyroid tissue in an ovarian teratoma as seen in 2% of cases.
  • The histopathology revealed a bilateral mature teratoma of the ovary with follicular thyroid carcinoma in the right ovarian struma (malignant struma).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Follicular / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Struma Ovarii / pathology. Thyroid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18939380.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-666X
  • [Journal-full-title] The surgeon : journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surgeon
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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87. Upadhye V, Gujral S, Maheshwari A, Wuntkal R, Gupta S, Tongaonkar H: Benign cystic teratoma of ovary perforating into small intestine with co-existent typhoid fever. Indian J Gastroenterol; 2005 Sep-Oct;24(5):216-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Benign cystic teratoma of ovary perforating into small intestine with co-existent typhoid fever.
  • Intra-peritoneal rupture or perforation into adjacent abdominal viscera is a rare complication of benign cystic teratoma (dermoid cyst) of the ovary.
  • We report a 48-year-old woman in whom an ovarian dermoid cyst perforated into a loop of the small bowel.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Perforation / etiology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Teratoma / complications. Typhoid Fever / complications

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  • (PMID = 16361767.001).
  • [ISSN] 0254-8860
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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88. Naeije G, de Hemptinne Q, Depondt C, Pandolfo M, Legros B: Acute behavioural change in a young woman evolving towards cerebellar syndrome. Clin Neurol Neurosurg; 2010 Jul;112(6):509-11
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  • Investigations led to suspect a paraneoplastic syndrome and a right ovarian teratoma and A-NMDAR were found and the teratoma removed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Behavior. Brain Chemistry / physiology. Coma / etiology. Coma / psychology. Delirium / etiology. Delirium / psychology. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Positron-Emission Tomography. Psychomotor Agitation / psychology. Teratoma / complications. Teratoma / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20347215.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6968
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Neurol Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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89. Noun M, Ennachit M, Boufettal H, Elmouatacim K, Samouh N: [The ovarian immature teratoma with gliomatosis peritonei]. J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris); 2007 Oct;36(6):595-601
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The ovarian immature teratoma with gliomatosis peritonei].
  • [Transliterated title] Tératome immature de l'ovaire avec gliomatose péritonéale. A propos d'un cas et revue de la littérature.
  • OBJECTIVE: We return a case of ovarian immature teratoma with peritoneal gliomatose at a woman aged of 20 years.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The diagnosis discovered following pelvic mass increasing volume and treaty by a one-sided annexectomy, with chemotherapy.
  • CONCLUSION: Ovarian immature teratoma is a malignant germ cell tumor and represents less than 1% of ovarian malignant tumors.
  • Rapid (fast) growth leads to large tumors with an early diagnosis.
  • Gliomatosis peritonei is a rare situation, characterized by the recurrence of peritoneal implants after the surgical treatment of ovarian teratoma.
  • This entity does not modify the good prognosis of mature teratomas, but we recommend regular follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Glioma / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17537589.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2315
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de gynécologie, obstétrique et biologie de la reproduction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gynecol Obstet Biol Reprod (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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90. Chu CS, Lee KT, Cheng KH, Hwang PH, Voon WC, Sheu SH, Lai WT: Acute pulmonary embolism following laparoscopic ovariectomy: a case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci; 2006 Sep;22(9):452-6
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  • However, we describe a 47-year-old woman who presented with acute respiratory distress, drowsy consciousness, and circulatory collapse shortly after gynecologic laparoscopic ovariectomy for removing an ovarian teratoma at a local hospital.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17000446.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-551X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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91. Kim D, Cho HC, Park JW, Lee WA, Kim YM, Chung PS, Park SG, Ahn WS, Han SJ, Park CH: Struma ovarii and peritoneal strumosis with thyrotoxicosis. Thyroid; 2009 Mar;19(3):305-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Struma ovarii is a highly specialized form of mature ovarian teratoma consisting of thyroid tissue and exhibiting all the histological features of the thyroid gland.
  • In rare cases, benign thyroid tissue may spread to the peritoneal cavity, and pathologic examination of the peritoneal implants shows multiple nodules of varying sizes of mature thyroid tissue similar to struma ovarii.
  • [MeSH-major] Ovarian Neoplasms / complications. Peritoneal Cavity / pathology. Struma Ovarii / complications. Thyrotoxicosis / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Ovary / pathology. Whole Body Imaging

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  • (PMID = 19265502.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-9077
  • [Journal-full-title] Thyroid : official journal of the American Thyroid Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thyroid
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Florance-Ryan N, Dalmau J: Update on anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis in children and adolescents. Curr Opin Pediatr; 2010 Dec;22(6):739-44
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis is a recently identified disorder that is increasingly recognized in children and adolescents.
  • Prompt diagnosis and treatment are important to obtain full recovery.
  • We review here the main clinical features and differential diagnosis and provide algorithms of the clinical correlates of antibody-mediated decrease of NMDAR and a suggested treatment approach.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: The sharp increase of patients identified with anti-NMDAR encephalitis reveals a multistage disorder that usually presents with psychiatric manifestations progressing to a decrease of verbal output, catatonia, seizures, dyskinesias, and frequent autonomic instability and hypoventilation.
  • In adults, the disorder often occurs in association with a tumor that expresses NMDAR (usually ovarian teratoma), but in male patients and children the presence of a tumor is rare.
  • SUMMARY: Anti-NMDAR encephalitis is a severe but treatable disorder that frequently affects children and adolescents and is likely under-recognized.

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  • (PMID = 21045695.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-698X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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93. Takahashi Y, Mogami Y, Takayama R, Ikeda H, Imai K: [Antibodies to glutamate receptor in limbic encephalitis]. Brain Nerve; 2010 Aug;62(8):827-37
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In NHALE patients with ovarian teratoma, antibodies to NR recognize epitopes on GluRepsilon2 (NR2B) and GluRtheta1 (NR1).
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Blood-Brain Barrier. Female. Humans. Male. Nucleoproteins. Ovarian Neoplasms. Teratoma

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  • (PMID = 20714031.001).
  • [ISSN] 1881-6096
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain and nerve = Shinkei kenkyū no shinpo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Nerve
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / NR1 NMDA receptor; 0 / NR2B NMDA receptor; 0 / Nucleoproteins; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; 122289-52-5 / peptide 31D
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94. Lao M, Koike J, Chauhan S, Schiano M, Plata M: Struma Ovarii with a focus of follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer: a case report. W V Med J; 2008 Jul-Aug;104(4):12-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Struma Ovarii is a mature ovarian teratoma that consists mainly of thyroid tissue.
  • Mature cystic teratomas may contain small amounts of thyroid tissue.
  • Struma Ovarii with a focus of follicular variant of papillary thyroid cancer was diagnosed during the subsequent laparoscopy and ovarian cystectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoid Tumor / parasitology. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Struma Ovarii / pathology. Struma Ovarii / surgery


95. Zhang X, Axiotis C: Thyroid-type carcinoma of struma ovarii. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 May;134(5):786-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Struma ovarii is a monodermal variant of ovarian teratoma.
  • The most common type is papillary carcinoma, followed by typical follicular carcinoma, and the new entity of follicular carcinoma-highly differentiated follicular carcinoma of ovarian origin; other forms occur rarely.
  • Thyroid-type carcinomas arising in struma ovarii, especially the newly recognized entity-highly differentiated follicular carcinoma of ovarian origin-have a favorable prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Struma Ovarii / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Carcinoma, Papillary / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 20441513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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96. Poloni C, Korff CM, Ricotti V, King MD, Perez ER, Mayor-Dubois C, Haenggeli CA, Deonna T: Severe childhood encephalopathy with dyskinesia and prolonged cognitive disturbances: evidence for anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis. Dev Med Child Neurol; 2010 May;52(5):e78-82
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  • RESULTS: Anti-NMDA receptor antibodies (without ovarian teratoma detected so far) were found in the two children tested in this study.
  • Sleep disturbance was not emphasized as part of the disorder, but appears to be an important feature, whereas coma is less certain and difficult to evaluate in this setting.

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  • [CommentIn] Dev Med Child Neurol. 2010 May;52(5):410-1 [20059515.001]
  • (PMID = 20041934.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-8749
  • [Journal-full-title] Developmental medicine and child neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dev Med Child Neurol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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97. Lipskar AM, Rothstein DH, Soffer SZ, Edelman M, Glick RD: Intrathoracic glial implants in a child with gliomatosis peritonei. J Pediatr Surg; 2009 Sep;44(9):1817-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Glial peritoneal implants, commonly referred to as gliomatosis peritonei, are an occasional feature of ovarian teratomas.
  • They are benign nodules of mature glial tissue and usually do not adversely affect outcome.
  • We present the case of a 12-year-old girl who underwent excision of an immature ovarian teratoma, along with biopsies of multiple glial peritoneal implants.
  • The pathophysiology of gliomatosis peritonei was originally thought to be the direct extrusion or lymphatic spread of glial cells from the associated teratoma, although it has been postulated that the glial implants may instead be the result of pluripotent Mullerian stem cells that undergo metaplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Gliosis / pathology. Gliosis / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Pleural Neoplasms / pathology. Pleural Neoplasms / surgery. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19735831.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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98. Rana V, Srinivas V, Bandyopadhyay S, Ghosh SK, Singh Y: Bilateral benign non functional struma ovarii with Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2009 Jan-Mar;52(1):94-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bilateral benign non functional struma ovarii with Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome.
  • Bilateral presentation of benign Struma ovarii is rare and has not been reported frequently in published literature.
  • These findings were suspicious for an ovarian malignancy.
  • After surgery the diagnosis of non functional, bilateral benign Struma ovarii was made.
  • Struma ovarii is a specialized ovarian teratoma composed predominantly of mature thyroid tissue.
  • This is a rare case of bilateral benign struma ovarii associated with Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome and elevated CA-125 levels.
  • Surgical excision of the ovarian masses induced immediate resolution of the ascites and pleural effusion and a reduction of the serum CA-125 level.
  • [MeSH-major] Meigs Syndrome / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Struma Ovarii / complications. Struma Ovarii / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19136795.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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99. Haslík L, Mára M, Kuzel D, Zizka Z, Dundr P: [Present occurrence of benign teratoma of ovary and fallopian tube in a patient with adnexal torsion]. Ceska Gynekol; 2006 Jul;71(4):342-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Present occurrence of benign teratoma of ovary and fallopian tube in a patient with adnexal torsion].
  • OBJECTIVE: The authors demonstrate the case of left adnexal torsion caused by 2 benign teratomas in its ovarian and tubal location.
  • CASE: 24-years old woman underwent laparoscopy for several days lasting pain in lower abdomen and ultrasound finding of semicystic mass in the left adnexal region with suspicion of teratoma.
  • The benign teratoma of the left ovary together with a torsion of the left Fallopian tube distended by teratoma was revealed during surgery.
  • Left side salpingectomy and enucleation of the ovarian teratoma has been performed.
  • CONCLUSION: The acute gynaecological torsion event may be caused not only by torsion of uterine fibroid or enlarged tumorous ovary but rarely also by a teratoma of the Fallopian tube.

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  • (PMID = 16956051.001).
  • [ISSN] 1210-7832
  • [Journal-full-title] Ceska gynekologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ceska Gynekol
  • [Language] CZE
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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100. Varvat J, Lafond P, Page Y, Coudrot M, Reynaud-Salard M, Tardy B: Acute psychiatric syndrome leading young patients to ICU: consider anti-NMDA-receptor antibodies. Anaesth Intensive Care; 2010 Jul;38(4):748-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Anti-N-Methyl-D-Aspartate receptor antibody encephalitis usually occurs in young female patients with no past medical history, in whom an ovarian teratoma is often detected.
  • Complete or substantial recovery depends on early diagnosis, removal of the teratoma and immunotherapy.
  • Our purpose is to focus intensivists' attention on this potentially lethal disorder, which should always be considered in young women admitted to the intensive care unit with characteristic neuropsychiatric disorders.

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  • (PMID = 20715742.001).
  • [ISSN] 0310-057X
  • [Journal-full-title] Anaesthesia and intensive care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anaesth Intensive Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate
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