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1. Waldschmidt U, Slongo T: An unusual cause of paralysis of the peroneal nerve-a case report. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Jan;45(1):259-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Peroneal intraneural ganglia are a rare entity of paralysis of the lower limb in children; more often these symptoms occur because of exostosis.
  • Patients with exostosis showed varying outcomes.
  • In children with symptoms suspicious of nerve compression, fast diagnosis and immediate treatment are mandatory to regain best possible recovery.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Exostoses / diagnosis. Humans. Male. Paresis / etiology. Paresis / pathology. Paresis / surgery. Peroneal Nerve / pathology. Peroneal Nerve / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20105616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Scotti C, Marone EM, Brasca LE, Peretti GM, Chiesa R, Del Maschio A, Fraschini G, Camnasio F: Pseudoaneurysm overlying an osteochondroma: a noteworthy complication. J Orthop Traumatol; 2010 Dec;11(4):251-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pseudoaneurysm overlying an osteochondroma: a noteworthy complication.
  • Pseuodaneurysms are an extremely rare complication of osteochondromas.
  • We describe a case of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the brachial artery presenting as a soft tissue mass in a patient who was treated for an osteochondroma 3 years earlier.
  • This case demonstrates that radiographic follow-up of large osteochondromas is mandatory and that, in patients with soft tissue masses and a history of osteochondroma, pseudoaneurysms should be included in the differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Bone Neoplasms / complications. Brachial Artery. Humerus. Osteochondroma / complications

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  • (PMID = 21103904.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-9999
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of orthopaedics and traumatology : official journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Orthop Traumatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3014466
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3. House JW, Wilkinson EP: External auditory exostoses: evaluation and treatment. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 May;138(5):672-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] External auditory exostoses: evaluation and treatment.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine (1) if external auditory exostosis (EAE) severity in a surgical exostosis population differs between ears and (2) the incidence of complications from postauricular canalplasty for EAE.
  • EAE severity was graded, and air and bone thresholds were used to evaluate hearing changes.
  • Sensorineural hearing at 4 kHz worsened slightly (mean change = 3.7 dB, P < or = 0.001), with 4.8 percent worsening >15 dB (maximum 30 dB), but sensorineural bone average was unchanged (mean = 0.2 dB).
  • [MeSH-major] Ear Diseases / pathology. Ear Diseases / surgery. Ear, External. Exostoses / pathology. Exostoses / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008 Sep;139(3):482; author reply 482 [18722241.001]
  • (PMID = 18439477.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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4. Rosero VM, Kiss S, Terebessy T, Köllö K, Szöke G: Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (Trevor's disease): 7 of our own cases and a review of the literature. Acta Orthop; 2007 Dec;78(6):856-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (Trevor's disease): 7 of our own cases and a review of the literature.
  • METHOD: We discuss the diagnosis of this dysplasia, especially the role of radiography.
  • If the location of the exostosis suggests that it might lead to joint deformity, early surgical excision is recommended.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Diseases, Developmental. Bone Neoplasms. Epiphyses / pathology. Osteochondroma

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  • (PMID = 18236195.001).
  • [ISSN] 1745-3674
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
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5. Black B: Use of titanium in repair of external auditory canal defects. Otol Neurotol; 2009 Oct;30(7):930-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Canal wall defect repairs commonly result from cholesteatoma, surgery for chronic ear disease, or exostosis and also from congenital deformities.

  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. TITANIUM .
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  • (PMID = 19730144.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-4505
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biocompatible Materials; D1JT611TNE / Titanium
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6. Pham-Duc ML, Reix P, Mure PY, Pracros JP, Moreux N, Bellon G: Hemothorax: an unusual complication of costal exostosis. J Pediatr Surg; 2005 Nov;40(11):e55-7
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  • [Title] Hemothorax: an unusual complication of costal exostosis.
  • We report a case of a spontaneous hemothorax in a 15-year-old girl because of costal exostosis.
  • This possibly may have been provoked by a nontraumatic rupture of markedly dilated pleural vessels because of long-standing friction between the exostosis and the pleura.
  • The authors conclude that exostosis of the rib is a rare cause of hemothorax in children and should be considered among possible etiologies in diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Hemothorax / etiology. Osteochondroma / complications

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  • (PMID = 16291144.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Brastianos P, Pradilla G, McCarthy E, Gokaslan ZL: Solitary thoracic osteochondroma: case report and review of the literature. Neurosurgery; 2005 Jun;56(6):E1379; discussion E1379
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solitary thoracic osteochondroma: case report and review of the literature.
  • OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Osteochondromas are common benign bone tumors that rarely arise in the vertebral column.
  • We report a case of a thoracic solitary osteochondroma arising from within the vertebral body, review the cases reported in the literature, and propose recommendations for the surgical management of these challenging lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / surgery. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery. Thoracic Vertebrae / pathology. Thoracic Vertebrae / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15918958.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 27
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8. Takagi T, Matsumura T, Shiraishi T: Lunate osteochondroma: a case report. J Hand Surg Am; 2005 Jul;30(4):693-5
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  • [Title] Lunate osteochondroma: a case report.
  • We report a case of osteochondroma of the lunate.
  • At surgery we found that the median nerve became caught on the lunate osteochondroma while the wrist was extended and slipped over it when the wrist was flexed rapidly, thereby causing a snapping phenomenon.
  • Several cases of solitary carpal osteochondroma have been reported previously.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Lunate Bone / pathology. Osteochondroma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16039359.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-5023
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Utumi ER, Pedron IG, Perrella A, Zambon CE, Ceccheti MM, Cavalcanti MG: Osteochondroma of the temporomandibular joint: a case report. Braz Dent J; 2010;21(3):253-8
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the temporomandibular joint: a case report.
  • Osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle has been found in the oral and maxillofacial region rarely.
  • This paper describes a case of osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle in a 20-year-old woman, who was referred to our service with facial asymmetry, prognathic deviation of chin, cross-bite to the contralateral side, changes in condylar morphology, limited mouth opening, and malocclusion.
  • Based on the clinical examination, patient history, and complementary exams, the hypothesis of osteochondroma was established.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Asymmetry / etiology. Mandibular Condyle / pathology. Mandibular Neoplasms / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / etiology

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  • (PMID = 21203710.001).
  • [ISSN] 1806-4760
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian dental journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz Dent J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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10. Ramakrishnan JB, Pirron JA, Perepletchikov A, Ferguson BJ: Exostoses of the paranasal sinuses. Laryngoscope; 2010 Dec;120(12):2532-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Exostoses of the paranasal sinuses.
  • While bony exostoses of the external auditory canal have long been recognized as a complication of cold-water swimming, bony exostoses of the paranasal sinuses have not been previously reported.
  • We present an unusual case of multiple exostoses of the paranasal sinuses, which began coincident with nasal irrigation with cold gentamicin solution.
  • A biopsy was consistent with exostosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy / methods. Exostoses / diagnosis. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Paranasal Sinus Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 20979098.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Kutz JW Jr, Fayad JN: Exostosis of the external auditory canal. Ear Nose Throat J; 2006 Mar;85(3):142
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Exostosis of the external auditory canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Ear Canal / surgery. Exostoses / diagnosis. Exostoses / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16615588.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-5613
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Aldea S, Bonneville F, Poirier J, Chiras J, George B, Carpentier A: Acute spinal cord compression in hereditary multiple exostoses. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2006 Feb;148(2):195-8; discussion 198
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute spinal cord compression in hereditary multiple exostoses.
  • Osteocartilaginous exostoses are benign bone tumors frequently found in the metaphysis of long bones but rarely in the spine.
  • Four patients with acute spinal cord decompensation due to vertebral exostoses spinal cord compression have been previously described in the literature.
  • We report an additional case of rapidly evolving spinal cord compression due to a cervical osteochondroma in a patient with hereditary multiple exostoses (HME), also known as Bessel Hagen disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervical Vertebrae / pathology. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / complications. Spinal Cord / pathology. Spinal Cord Compression / etiology. Spinal Neoplasms / complications


13. Choi E, Wert M, Guerrieri C, Tucci J: A pathologic fracture of an intracortical chondroma masking as an osteoid osteoma. Orthopedics; 2010 Nov;33(11):845
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A pathologic fracture of an intracortical chondroma masking as an osteoid osteoma.
  • The differential diagnosis of a tibial intracortical diaphyseal lesion includes osteoid osteoma, periosteal chondroma, nonossifying fibroma, osteofibrous dysplasia, and adamantinoma.
  • While osteoid osteomas represent 5% of all primary bone tumors, little is understood about intracortical chondromas.
  • Intracortical chondroma was first described in 1990 and 7 reported cases have since been published.
  • This article presents the first reported case of a pathologic fracture of an intracortical lesion in a child that shared radiographic and clinical features similar to those of osteoid osteoma, but on histopathologic examination revealed an intracortical chondroma.
  • Our patient exhibited radiographic features of a poorly circumscribed cortical bone sclerosis, a centralized radiolucent nidus on computed tomography, and a hot bone scan of a lesion <1 cm in size that was consistent with an osteoid osteoma.
  • An excision of the bone lesion was performed.
  • The histopathology of the lesion revealed nodules of benign hyaline cartilage in cortical bone, consistent with an intracortical chondroma.
  • Demarcated by cortical bone with mature Haversian systems rather than periosteum or cancellous bone, intracortical chondroma differs from the other 2 chondroma variants, periosteal chondroma and enchondroma, by its relationship to the surrounding bone.
  • The similarities with osteoid osteoma and intracortical chondroma in our patient make it circumspect in regards to ablating lesions (ie, needle radiofrequency ablation) without acquiring a biopsy in pediatric patients that both clinically and radiographically are presumably an osteoid osteoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Chondroma / diagnosis. Osteoma, Osteoid / diagnosis. Tibial Fractures / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Radionuclide Imaging. Tibia / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.
  • (PMID = 21053879.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Fageir MM, Edwards MR, Addison AK: The surgical management of osteochondroma on the ventral surface of the scapula. J Pediatr Orthop B; 2009 Nov;18(6):304-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The surgical management of osteochondroma on the ventral surface of the scapula.
  • Hereditary multiple exostosis is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the formation of multiple cartilaginous osteochondromata in the immature skeleton.
  • Ventral scapular osteochondromas have been reported to cause mechanical symptoms and should be considered as a differential to a 'winged' scapula.
  • We report the surgical treatment of two osteochondroma from the ventral surface of the scapula in a 16-year-old girl.
  • Ventral scapular osteochondroma can be successfully treated using the straightforward surgical technique described.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / surgery. Scapula / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19730135.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5865
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric orthopedics. Part B
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Orthop B
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Pei Y, Wang Y, Huang W, Hu B, Huang D, Zhou Y, Su P: Novel mutations of EXT1 and EXT2 genes among families and sporadic cases with multiple exostoses. Genet Test Mol Biomarkers; 2010 Dec;14(6):865-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Novel mutations of EXT1 and EXT2 genes among families and sporadic cases with multiple exostoses.
  • Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is an autosomal dominantly inherited disorder characterized by multiple benign cartilage-capped exostoses.
  • Clinical manifestation of the disease is heterogenous.
  • Among the novel mutations in EXT1, c.1004T>G-associated HME exhibited overriding toes and scoliosis, c.1883+2T>A-associated HME exhibited brachydactyly, and c.459_460delCT-associated exostosis arising from vertebra T4 caused spinal cord compression.
  • Our results provide new data for genetic diagnosis, identification of presymptomatic carriers, phenotype-genotype correlation, and understanding of the mechanisms of disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / genetics. Mutation. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / genetics

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  • (PMID = 21039224.001).
  • [ISSN] 1945-0257
  • [Journal-full-title] Genetic testing and molecular biomarkers
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genet Test Mol Biomarkers
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-1; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-2
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16. Yinusa W, Owoola AM, Esin IA: Hereditary multiple exostoses: case report. Niger J Clin Pract; 2010 Jun;13(2):218-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hereditary multiple exostoses: case report.
  • OBJECTIVE: Hereditary Multiple Exostoses (HME) is a genetically transmitted bone dysplasia that is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.
  • METHOD: The case records of two patients with hereditary multiple exostoses are presented to highlight the clinical presentation and management options of the condition.
  • RESULTS: A boy and a girl who respectively manifested the features of hereditary multiple exostoses at the age of two and six years are presented.
  • One of them had pressure symptoms which necessitated surgical excision of the symptomatic exostosis.
  • Fine needle aspiration cytology confirmed the diagnosis ofosteochondroma.
  • CONCLUSION: Hereditary multiple exostoses though rare, do occur in our environment and the management is essentially by masterly inactivity except when the bony swellings exhibit any complications or there is concomitant deformity.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Treatment Outcome


17. Sandell LJ: Multiple hereditary exostosis, EXT genes, and skeletal development. J Bone Joint Surg Am; 2009 Jul;91 Suppl 4:58-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multiple hereditary exostosis, EXT genes, and skeletal development.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / genetics. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19571069.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-1386
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bone Joint Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9050-30-0 / Heparitin Sulfate; EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-1; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-2
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18. Aalderink K, Wolf B: Scapular osteochondroma treated with arthroscopic excision using prone positioning. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ); 2010 Feb;39(2):E11-4
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  • [Title] Scapular osteochondroma treated with arthroscopic excision using prone positioning.
  • Osteochondromas, or exostoses, are common benign bone tumors.
  • Most commonly, osteochondromas arise in the metaphyseal regions of long bones (femur, humerus, tibia).
  • Seldom are osteochondromas found on the undersurface of the scapula; these osteochondromas invoke mechanical irritation that leads to bursa formation, snapping, and even winging of the scapula.
  • Many authors have reported performing open surgical excision when these osteochondromas become symptomatic.
  • In this report, we describe the case of a woman in her mid-20s with painful scapular snapping and winging from an osteochondroma treated with arthroscopic excision using prone positioning.
  • [MeSH-major] Arthroscopy / methods. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Scapula / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20396684.001).
  • [ISSN] 1934-3418
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of orthopedics (Belle Mead, N.J.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J. Orthop.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Maricevic A, Barisic I, Srsen D: Unusual "traction" exostosis of the femoral diaphysis with sciatic nerve compression. J Clin Rheumatol; 2010 Mar;16(2):94-5
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  • [Title] Unusual "traction" exostosis of the femoral diaphysis with sciatic nerve compression.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Exostoses / complications. Femur. Nerve Compression Syndromes / etiology. Osteochondroma / complications. Sciatic Neuropathy / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20130474.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-7355
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical rheumatology : practical reports on rheumatic & musculoskeletal diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Rheumatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council / / BB/G013721/1
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Blazick E, Keeling WB, Armstrong P, Letson D, Back M: Pseudoaneurysm of the superficial femoral artery associated with osteochondroma--a case report. Vasc Endovascular Surg; 2005 Jul-Aug;39(4):355-8
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  • [Title] Pseudoaneurysm of the superficial femoral artery associated with osteochondroma--a case report.
  • Osteochondromas, the most common benign bone tumor, often go undetected and seldom cause significant clinical sequelae.
  • The authors present the case of a 14-year-old male with a distal superficial femoral artery pseudoaneurysm accompanied by distal embolization from a femoral exostosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Femoral Artery / diagnostic imaging. Femoral Neoplasms / complications. Osteochondroma / complications. Thromboembolism / etiology. Tibial Arteries / diagnostic imaging

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  • (PMID = 16079946.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-5744
  • [Journal-full-title] Vascular and endovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vasc Endovascular Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Taupin A, Soubeyrand E, Garmi R, Traoré H, Compère JF, Bénateau H: [Benign cartilaginous tumors of the jaws]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac; 2009 Nov;110(5):290-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Benign cartilaginous tumors of the jaws].
  • Benign cartilaginous tumors are a rare entity in jaw bones.
  • Chondroma, osteochondroma, chondroblastoma and chondromyxoid fibroma are the main benign maxillary cartilaginous tumors.

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  • (PMID = 19811795.001).
  • [ISSN] 1776-257X
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillo-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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22. Tzeng CY, Lee TS, Tan TS: Pseudomallet finger caused by an exostosis of the proximal phalanx. J Hand Surg Eur Vol; 2007 Oct;32(5):591-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pseudomallet finger caused by an exostosis of the proximal phalanx.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / surgery. Finger Joint / abnormalities. Hand Deformities / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Radiography

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  • (PMID = 17482730.001).
  • [ISSN] 1753-1934
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of hand surgery, European volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Eur Vol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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23. McCall TD, Liu JK, Kestle JR: Sporadic osteochondroma of the cervical spine. Case illustration. J Neurosurg; 2006 Apr;104(4 Suppl):293
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sporadic osteochondroma of the cervical spine. Case illustration.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervical Vertebrae / surgery. Osteochondroma / surgery. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Calcinosis / diagnosis. Calcinosis / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16619645.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Esenkaya I: Pseudowinging of the scapula due to subscapular osteochondroma. Orthopedics; 2005 Feb;28(2):171-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pseudowinging of the scapula due to subscapular osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Osteochondroma / surgery. Scapula / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15751374.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-7447
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Moran M, Krieg AH, Boyle RA, Stalley PD: Bilateral total hip arthroplasty in Severe Hereditary Multiple Exostosis: a report of two cases. Hip Int; 2009 Jul-Sep;19(3):279-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bilateral total hip arthroplasty in Severe Hereditary Multiple Exostosis: a report of two cases.
  • Staged bilateral hip arthroplasties were carried out in two patients with osteoarthritis of the hip secondary to the development of hip dysplasia in Hereditary Multiple Exostosis (HME).Both patients had near ankylosis of their hips with pain and difficulty in performing activities of daily living.
  • A proximal femur replacing prosthesis was implanted through an extended trochanteric osteotomy, with preservation of as much proximal bone stock as possible.
  • [MeSH-major] Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / methods. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / surgery. Osteoarthritis, Hip / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19876885.001).
  • [ISSN] 1724-6067
  • [Journal-full-title] Hip international : the journal of clinical and experimental research on hip pathology and therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hip Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Lücke T, Illsinger S, Das AM, Schirg E, Hartmann H: Pitfalls in paediatric gait disturbances: painless bone diseases. Eur J Pediatr; 2006 Dec;165(12):909-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pitfalls in paediatric gait disturbances: painless bone diseases.
  • INTRODUCTION: We describe three boys who were referred for neurological work-up of a tottering gait and in whom we diagnosed bone diseases, namely, Camurati-Engelmann disease, cartilaginous exostoses and a stress fracture as the underlying causes for the gait-disturbances.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Camurati-Engelmann Syndrome / diagnosis. Fractures, Stress / diagnosis. Gait Disorders, Neurologic / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Tibial Fractures / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male


27. Padua R, Castagna A, Ceccarelli E, Bondì R, Alviti F, Padua L: Intracapsular osteochondroma of the humeral head in an adult causing restriction of motion: a case report. J Shoulder Elbow Surg; 2009 Jul-Aug;18(4):e30-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intracapsular osteochondroma of the humeral head in an adult causing restriction of motion: a case report.

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  • (PMID = 19131258.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-6500
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Shoulder Elbow Surg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Savchenko IuP, Leskov NF, Puzanov DP, Fedosov SR: [Osteochondroma of the scapula manifesting as a cyst mass]. Khirurgiia (Mosk); 2010;(1):64-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Osteochondroma of the scapula manifesting as a cyst mass].
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Scapula
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Bone Cysts / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20352667.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-1207
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Mosk)
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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29. Petratos DV, Bakogiannis KS, Anastasopoulos JN, Matsinos GS, Bessias NK: Popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm secondary to osteochondroma in children and adolescents: a case report and literature review. J Surg Orthop Adv; 2009;18(4):205-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm secondary to osteochondroma in children and adolescents: a case report and literature review.
  • Osteochondroma is the most frequent bone tumor and can rarely cause vascular complications.
  • False aneurysms of the popliteal artery due to an osteochondroma are not common in the pediatric population.
  • Radiologic studies revealed an osteochondroma of the distal femur and a pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal fossa.
  • The exostosis was excised and the popliteal artery was repaired by performing a venous patch angioplasty technique.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Femoral Neoplasms / complications. Osteochondroma / complications. Popliteal Artery

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  • (PMID = 19995501.001).
  • [ISSN] 1548-825X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical orthopaedic advances
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Orthop Adv
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 32
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30. Pingsterhaus JM, Peelle MW, Sicard GA, McDonald DJ: Pseudoaneurysm from a traumatic osteochondroma leading to rapid neurological compromise. Orthopedics; 2007 May;30(5):399-400
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  • [Title] Pseudoaneurysm from a traumatic osteochondroma leading to rapid neurological compromise.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Femoral Neoplasms / complications. Hypesthesia / etiology. Osteochondroma / complications

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  • (PMID = 17539215.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-7447
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Inoue T, Takahashi N, Murakami K, Nishimura S, Kaimori M, Nishijima M: Osteochondroma of the sella turcica presenting with intratumoral hemorrhage. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo); 2009 Jan;49(1):37-41
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the sella turcica presenting with intratumoral hemorrhage.
  • A 29-year-old man presented with a primary sellar turcica osteochondroma manifesting as intratumoral hemorrhage mimicking pituitary apoplexy.
  • The preoperative diagnosis was hemorrhagic pituitary adenoma, craniopharyngioma, meningioma, or chordoma based on the signal heterogeneity of the lesion.
  • To relieve the symptoms and make a definitive diagnosis, surgical removal via a basal interhemispheric approach was carried out.
  • The histological diagnosis was osteochondroma based on the presence of mature chondrocytes and osteomatous tissue.
  • Osteochondroma should be included in the differential diagnosis of tumors with acute hemorrhage in the sella turcica.
  • [MeSH-major] Intracranial Hemorrhages / etiology. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Sella Turcica / pathology. Skull Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Calcinosis / etiology. Calcinosis / pathology. Craniotomy. Decompression, Surgical. Diagnosis, Differential. Headache Disorders, Primary / etiology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Nerve Compression Syndromes / etiology. Optic Chiasm / pathology. Pituitary Apoplexy / diagnosis. Vision Disorders / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19169002.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-8029
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurologia medico-chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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32. Coughlin MJ, Grimes S: Proximal metatarsal osteotomy and distal soft tissue reconstruction as treatment for hallux valgus deformity. Keio J Med; 2005 Jun;54(2):60-5
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  • Through a medial incision, the medial eminence or exostosis is resected.

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  • (PMID = 16077254.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-9717
  • [Journal-full-title] The Keio journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Keio J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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33. Clément A, Wiweger M, von der Hardt S, Rusch MA, Selleck SB, Chien CB, Roehl HH: Regulation of zebrafish skeletogenesis by ext2/dackel and papst1/pinscher. PLoS Genet; 2008 Jul 25;4(7):e1000136
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  • Mutations in human Exostosin genes (EXTs) confer a disease called Hereditary Multiple Exostoses (HME) that affects 1 in 50,000 among the general population.
  • Patients with HME have a short stature and develop osteochondromas during childhood.


34. Chamberlain AM, Anderson KL, Hoch B, Trumble TE, Weisstein JS: Benign parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation of the hand originally diagnosed as osteochondroma: a report of two cases and review. Hand (N Y); 2010 Mar;5(1):106-10
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  • [Title] Benign parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation of the hand originally diagnosed as osteochondroma: a report of two cases and review.
  • Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation (BPOP) is a rare cartilaginous neoplasm that often presents in the long bones of the hands and feet.
  • BPOP is a benign but locally aggressive fibro-osseous mass that has striking clinical, radiographic, and histologic similarities with osteochondroma.
  • Differentiating between the two lesions is important as BPOP often requires more extensive surgical resection and has a higher recurrence rate compared to osteochondroma.
  • This report presents two cases of BPOP where initial clinical diagnosis of osteochondroma was made even after appropriate imaging and histologic samples were evaluated.

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  • [Cites] Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 1990;110(1):58-60 [2288809.001]
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  • [ISSN] 1558-9455
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  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hand (N Y)
  • [Language] eng
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35. Feeley BT, Kelly BT: Arthroscopic management of an intraarticular osteochondroma of the hip. Orthop Rev (Pavia); 2009 Jun 30;1(1):e2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Arthroscopic management of an intraarticular osteochondroma of the hip.
  • In this case report, we describe the use of hip arthroscopy to successfully treat a femoral neck osteochondroma that caused a symptomatic labral tear in a 37 year old woman.

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  • [Cites] Arthroscopy. 2000 Jan-Feb;16(1):11-5 [10627339.001]
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  • (PMID = 21808666.001).
  • [ISSN] 2035-8237
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthop Rev (Pavia)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3143959
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; femoroacetabular impingement / hip arthroscopy / labral tear. / osteochondroma
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36. Stieber JR, Dormans JP: Manifestations of hereditary multiple exostoses. J Am Acad Orthop Surg; 2005 Mar-Apr;13(2):110-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Manifestations of hereditary multiple exostoses.
  • The solitary osteochondroma, a common pediatric bone tumor, is a cartilage-capped exostosis.
  • Hereditary multiple exostosis is an autosomal dominant disorder manifested by the presence of multiple osteochondromas.
  • Linkage analysis has implicated mutations in the EXT gene family, resulting in an error in the regulation of normal chondrocyte proliferation and maturation that leads to abnormal bone growth.
  • Although exostoses are benign lesions, they are often associated with characteristic progressive skeletal deformities and may cause clinical symptoms.
  • Patients with hereditary multiple exostosis have a slight risk of sarcomatous transformation of the cartilaginous portion of the exostosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone and Bones / abnormalities. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / complications


37. Pannier S, Legeai-Mallet L: Hereditary multiple exostoses and enchondromatosis. Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol; 2008 Mar;22(1):45-54
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hereditary multiple exostoses and enchondromatosis.
  • Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by the development of benign tumours, multiple osteochondromas (exostoses), growing outward from the metaphyses of long bones.
  • Birth prevalence is estimated to be one in 50,000, and the severity of the disease is variable.
  • Osteochondromas may cause complications including pain, deformities and shortening of the long bones, restricted motion of joints, nerve or blood vessel compression, and malignant transformation (5% of cases) in adulthood.
  • HME is a genetically heterogeneous disorder and is associated with mutations in EXT1 or EXT2 genes, which are both tumour suppressor genes.
  • Enchondromatosis (or Ollier disease) is characterized by the presence of intra-osseous benign cartilaginous tumours.
  • The estimated prevalence of the disease is one in 100,000.
  • An asymmetrical distribution of cartilage lesions is observed in the disease.
  • Ollier disease and Maffucci syndrome are not usually inherited disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Enchondromatosis / diagnosis. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans


38. Arnoldner C, Stöver T, Bartling SH, Windhagen A, Durisin M, Averbeck T, Lenarz T: [Exostosis of the internal auditory canal in a patient with myotonic dystrophy]. Laryngorhinootologie; 2006 Oct;85(10):755-9
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  • [Title] [Exostosis of the internal auditory canal in a patient with myotonic dystrophy].
  • Routinely performed computed tomography of the temporal bones revealed the rare picture of exostosis of the internal auditory canals and the medial surface of the petrous bones.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report describing exostosis of the internal auditory canal in a patient with myotonic dystrophy, although at present it remains unclear in how far there is a causal connection between these two pathologies.
  • [MeSH-major] Ear Canal. Exostoses. Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / etiology. Myotonic Dystrophy / complications. Petrous Bone
  • [MeSH-minor] Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Temporal Bone / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17031763.001).
  • [ISSN] 0935-8943
  • [Journal-full-title] Laryngo- rhino- otologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngorhinootologie
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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39. Chhabra S, Chopra R, Handa U, Punia RS, Mohan H: Cytomorphologic features of chondroid neoplasms: a comparative study. Acta Cytol; 2010 Nov-Dec;54(6):1101-10
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  • OBJECTIVE: To perform a comparative analysis of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) features of chondroid tumors and their significance in diagnosis.
  • RESULTS: The 17 cases comprised enchondroma (5), osteochondroma (1), chondroblastoma (2), chondromyxoid fibroma (2) and chondrosarcoma (7).
  • However, the cytologic appearance of enchondromas overlapped significantly with that of well-differentiated chondrosarcoma, but the correct diagnosis was made by interpreting cytology with clinicoradiologic correlation.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Connective Tissue / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Chondroblastoma / pathology. Chondroblastoma / radiography. Chondroma / pathology. Chondroma / radiography. Chondrosarcoma / pathology. Chondrosarcoma / radiography. Diagnostic Errors. Female. Fibroma / pathology. Fibroma / radiography. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Osteochondroma / pathology. Osteochondroma / radiography. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21428156.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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40. Vela P, Andrés Collado M, Agulló Antón A, Cerezal Garrido J, Hoz J: Clinical Images: osteochondroma leading to snapping scapula syndrome. Arthritis Rheum; 2010 Jun;62(6):1838
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  • [Title] Clinical Images: osteochondroma leading to snapping scapula syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Osteochondroma / complications. Scapula / pathology. Shoulder Joint / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20506296.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-0131
  • [Journal-full-title] Arthritis and rheumatism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arthritis Rheum.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Rizzello G, Franceschi F, Meloni MC, Cristi E, Barnaba SA, Rabitti C, Denaro V: Para-articular osteochondroma of the knee. Arthroscopy; 2007 Aug;23(8):910.e1-4
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  • [Title] Para-articular osteochondroma of the knee.
  • We report a case of para-articular chondroma located in the infrapatellar fat pad of the knee of a 42-year-old woman with a history of anterior knee pain and restricted range of motion.
  • Histologic examination showed that the nodules were composed of cartilaginous tissue surrounded by fibrous connective and adipose tissue with multifocal endochondral ossification.
  • The precise pathogenetic mechanism of these tumors remains unknown, but cartilaginous metaplasia of articular and para-articular connective tissue seems to be the primary cause.
  • [MeSH-major] Cartilage, Articular. Knee Joint. Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Arthrography. Arthroscopy. Calcinosis / complications. Calcinosis / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17681220.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-3231
  • [Journal-full-title] Arthroscopy : the journal of arthroscopic & related surgery : official publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North America and the International Arthroscopy Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arthroscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Naitoh M, Suenaga Y, Kondo S, Gotoh K, Ariji E: Assessment of maxillary sinus septa using cone-beam computed tomography: etiological consideration. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res; 2009 Oct;11 Suppl 1:e52-8
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  • A septum was defined as a pointed bone structure, and an exostosis was defined as a rounded bone structure.
  • The occurrence and locations of maxillary sinus septa and exostoses of more than 2 mm in height were evaluated.
  • RESULTS: Twelve septa of 11 maxillary sinuses (37%) and nine exostoses of nine maxillary sinuses (30%) were observed.
  • Also, 42% of septa and 67% of exostoses were antero-posteriorly aligned according to the transverse palatine suture.
  • CONCLUSION: Maxillary sinus septa and exostoses could be clarified regarding their relationship with the bony palate using cone-beam CT.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses / radiography. Maxillary Sinus / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19438951.001).
  • [ISSN] 1708-8208
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical implant dentistry and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Implant Dent Relat Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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43. Bess RS, Robbin MR, Bohlman HH, Thompson GH: Spinal exostoses: analysis of twelve cases and review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2005 Apr 1;30(7):774-80
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  • [Title] Spinal exostoses: analysis of twelve cases and review of the literature.
  • STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of spinal exostoses treated at our institution and literature review.
  • OBJECTIVES: Review of 12 cases of spinal exostoses treated at our institution compared with 165 cases of spinal exostoses reported in the literature.
  • SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal exostoses are uncommon.
  • The relationship between solitary exostoses and those associated with multiple hereditary exostoses (MHE), as well as the incidence of intraspinal and extraspinal location, symptoms presentation, and results of treatment are unclear.
  • METHODS: The medical records, operative reports, and diagnostic imaging of 12 patients with spinal exostoses treated at our institution between 1972 and 2002 were reviewed.
  • RESULTS: Solitary spinal exostoses were more common than those associated with MHE.
  • Patients with exostoses associated with MHE were significantly younger and had a higher incidence of symptoms consistent with neural structure compression than patients with solitary exostoses.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Spinal exostoses are more common than reported previously.
  • Evaluation should include both computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to define the origin of the exostosis and the presence of neural structure compression.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervical Vertebrae. Exostoses. Sacrum. Spinal Diseases. Thoracic Vertebrae


44. Bui KL, Ilaslan H, Bauer TW, Lietman SA, Joyce MJ, Sundaram M: Cortical scalloping and cortical penetration by small eccentric chondroid lesions in the long tubular bones: not a sign of malignancy? Skeletal Radiol; 2009 Aug;38(8):791-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate by cross-sectional imaging the prevalence and degree of cortical scalloping by small eccentric chondromas correlated with histologic diagnosis and patient history.
  • All 11 lesions were benign, nine histologically, and two by stability over 4 and 7 years.
  • Based on the benign histology of nine lesions and lack of growth of two lesions over several years, the degree of cortical scalloping is felt to be a result of lesion location within the endosteum rather than biological activity or malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Chondroma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Precancerous Conditions / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anatomy, Cross-Sectional / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Femur / diagnostic imaging. Femur / pathology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity. Tibia / diagnostic imaging. Tibia / pathology

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  • [Cites] Radiographics. 1998 Sep-Oct;18(5):1213-37; quiz 1244-5 [9747616.001]
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  • (PMID = 19277645.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2161
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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45. Slotcavage RL, Dickson BC, Ogilvie CM: Chondromyxoid fibroma involving the metacarpophalangeal joint. Orthopedics; 2009 Apr;32(4)
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  • Chondromyxoid fibroma is a rare benign bony tumor classically occurring in the metaphyseal region of the long bones surrounding the knee, but also found with relative frequency in other long bones, the pelvis, ribs, and small foot bones.
  • A 29-year-old woman presented with pain, weakness, and a mass of the right ring finger metacarpophalangeal joint that had persisted since prior surgery to remove an extraosseous chondroma.
  • Open biopsy revealed calcified cartilaginous synovial deposits suspicious for synovial chondromatosis, with erosion into surrounding bones.
  • The patient is >15 months out from synovectomy, intralesional curettage, and placement of demineralized bone matrix and allograft cancellous chips, and is without signs of recurrence.
  • This benign, curable lesion should be included in the differential diagnosis of a bony lesion, even when a joint and adjacent bones are involved.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / radiography. Chondroma / radiography. Fibroma / radiography. Metacarpophalangeal Joint / radiography

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  • (PMID = 19388607.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. Kontakis GM, Karantanas AH, Pasku D, Alpantaki K, Katonis P, Hadjipavlou AG: Delayed diagnosis of a symptomatic osteochondroma of the distal clavicle. Orthopedics; 2006 Aug;29(8):734-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Delayed diagnosis of a symptomatic osteochondroma of the distal clavicle.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Clavicle. Osteochondroma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16924870.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-7447
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Hassankhani EG: Solitary lower lumbar osteochondroma (spinous process of L3 involvement): a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:9359
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solitary lower lumbar osteochondroma (spinous process of L3 involvement): a case report.
  • Solitary osteochondromas, which are the most common benign bone tumors of long bones, are rarely found in the vertebral column.
  • The tumor was excised en bloc through a posterior approach and histopathological examination verified the diagnosis of osteocondroma.Osteochondromas are rarely found in the spine, when present in the spine, however, have a predilection for cervical or upper thoracic region arising usually from lamina of vertebrae and are rare in lumbosacral region and very rare at spinous process of the vertebrae.We present a case of osteochondroma locates in lumbar region and spinous process of vertebrae with unusual presentation and was considered clinically as congenital lumbar kyphosis.

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  • (PMID = 20066066.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2804730
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48. Yunoki J, Ohteki H, Naito K, Sato H: Popliteal artery stenosis secondary to osteochondroma. J Vasc Surg; 2009 Sep;50(3):667
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Popliteal artery stenosis secondary to osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Arterial Occlusive Diseases / etiology. Osteochondroma / complications. Popliteal Artery

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  • (PMID = 19446992.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6809
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of vascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vasc. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Pasolini MP, Greco M, Trapani F, Testa A, Potena A, Costagliola A, Paciello O: Nasal bone osteochondroma in a horse. Vet Rec; 2009 Apr 25;164(17):534-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Nasal bone osteochondroma in a horse.
  • [MeSH-major] Horse Diseases / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / veterinary. Osteochondroma / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 19395721.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4900
  • [Journal-full-title] The Veterinary record
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Rec.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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50. Byung-June J, Seung-Eun C, Sang-Ho L, Hyeop JS, Suk PS: Solitary lumbar osteochondroma causing sciatic pain. Joint Bone Spine; 2007 Jul;74(4):400-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solitary lumbar osteochondroma causing sciatic pain.
  • [MeSH-major] Lumbar Vertebrae. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Sciatica / diagnosis. Spinal Cord Compression / diagnosis. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Laminectomy / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Pain Measurement. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17587624.001).
  • [ISSN] 1778-7254
  • [Journal-full-title] Joint, bone, spine : revue du rhumatisme
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Joint Bone Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] France
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51. Ward BB, Pires CA, Feinberg SE: Osteochondromas of the mandible: case reports and rationale for treatment. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2005 Jul;63(7):1039-44
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Osteochondromas of the mandible: case reports and rationale for treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Mandibular Neoplasms / radiography. Osteochondroma / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16003637.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-2391
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Darilek S, Wicklund C, Novy D, Scott A, Gambello M, Johnston D, Hecht J: Hereditary multiple exostosis and pain. J Pediatr Orthop; 2005 May-Jun;25(3):369-76
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hereditary multiple exostosis and pain.
  • This study was undertaken to characterize pain in individuals with hereditary multiple exostosis (HME).
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / complications. Pain / etiology. Sickness Impact Profile

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  • (PMID = 15832158.001).
  • [ISSN] 0271-6798
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Orthop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Izzo L, Caputo M, Buffone A, Casullo A, Perrone A, Sassi S, Impara L, Luppi G, Mazza D, Marini M: [Benign tumors and pseudotumors of temporo-mandibular joint: radiologic aspects]. G Chir; 2005 Aug-Sep;26(8-9):314-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Benign tumors and pseudotumors of temporo-mandibular joint: radiologic aspects].
  • Benign tumors and tumor-like lesions that involve temporo mandibular joint are very rare.
  • Those more frequent are osteochondroma, chondroma, osteoma, pigmented villonodular synovitis and synovial chondromatosis.
  • The Authors report six cases of patients affected by these pathologies in which imaging, such as TC, MRI and/or ortopantomography have been useful to have a diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 16329774.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-9005
  • [Journal-full-title] Il Giornale di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] G Chir
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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54. Dicks N, Boston S: The use of an angularis oris axial pattern flap in a dog after resection of a multilobular osteochondroma of the hard palate. Can Vet J; 2010 Nov;51(11):1274-8
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  • [Title] The use of an angularis oris axial pattern flap in a dog after resection of a multilobular osteochondroma of the hard palate.
  • An 11-year-old neutered male boxer was presented for treatment of a multilobular osteochondroma of the hard palate.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / veterinary. Dog Diseases / surgery. Osteosarcoma / veterinary. Surgical Flaps / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 21286330.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5286
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue vétérinaire canadienne
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2957038
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55. Richardson RR: Variants of exostosis of the bone in children. Semin Roentgenol; 2005 Oct;40(4):380-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Variants of exostosis of the bone in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / radiography. Exostoses / radiography. Osteochondroma / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / radiography. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16218554.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-198X
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 39
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56. Mnif H, Zrig M, Koubaa M, Zammel N, Abid A: An unusual complication of pubic exostosis. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res; 2009 Apr;95(2):151-3
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  • [Title] An unusual complication of pubic exostosis.
  • We report the case of a left superior pubic ramus osteochondroma occurring in a 29-year-old man.
  • The patient consulted for a multiple exostoses disease revealed by a painful induration at the base of his penis.
  • CT-scan examination showed a pedunculated osteochondroma of the left superior pubic ramus compressing the urethra.
  • Surgical resection of the tumor confirmed the diagnosis of osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / complications. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Pubic Bone / pathology. Urethral Stricture / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Risk Assessment. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19321394.001).
  • [ISSN] 1877-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthop Traumatol Surg Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20090724
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57. Yoong-Leong Oh J, Tan KK, Wong YS: 'Snapping' knee secondary to a tibial osteochondroma. Knee; 2008 Jan;15(1):58-60
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  • [Title] 'Snapping' knee secondary to a tibial osteochondroma.
  • INTRODUCTION: Osteochondroma is the most common bone tumour and is usually found around the knee.
  • Snapping of the knee caused by an osteochondroma however has not been described in literature.
  • Histological results revealed the lesion to be that of an osteochondroma.
  • CONCLUSION: Although rare, osteochondroma should be considered as a differential when approaching a case of snapping knee pain.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Tibia
  • [MeSH-minor] Athletic Injuries / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18054237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0968-0160
  • [Journal-full-title] The Knee
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Knee
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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58. Leung YF, Ip SP, Wong A, Ip WY: Acute dislocation of the elbow caused by a solitary osteochondroma of the proximal radius. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg; 2006 Mar;126(2):131-3
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  • [Title] Acute dislocation of the elbow caused by a solitary osteochondroma of the proximal radius.
  • A young man presented with acute dislocation of the left elbow at the radio-capitellar articulation caused by trapping of the biceps tendon at the stalk of a solitary osteochondroma.
  • The osteochondroma was excised.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Dislocations / etiology. Elbow Joint. Osteochondroma / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Orthopedic Procedures / methods. Radius. Range of Motion, Articular / physiology. Recovery of Function. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16402197.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-3916
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Orthop Trauma Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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59. Joo Han O, Kim JY, Kang M, Bae T, Lee T: Deep vein thrombosis associated with femur osteochondroma: report of a case. Ann Vasc Dis; 2009;2(3):178-81
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  • [Title] Deep vein thrombosis associated with femur osteochondroma: report of a case.
  • Only 3 cases of deep vein thrombosis due to osteochondroma have previously been reported in English literature.
  • We report a case of a 21-year-old man, who presented with left lower leg pain and swelling due to extrinsic compression of femoral vein by an osteochondroma.
  • In the case of vascular complications due to an osteochondroma, prompt surgical intervention should be made to avoid irreversible vein wall damages.

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  • (PMID = 23555378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1881-641X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of vascular diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Vasc Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3595732
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; deep vein thrombosis / femoral vein / osteochondroma
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60. Cao H, Deng Y, Chen LB: [A case report of osteochondroma in the medial edge of the subscapular fossa on the left scapular]. Zhongguo Gu Shang; 2010 Nov;23(11):852-3
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  • [Title] [A case report of osteochondroma in the medial edge of the subscapular fossa on the left scapular].
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Scapula

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  • (PMID = 21254681.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-0034
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Gu Shang
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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61. Li ZM, Zhang FJ: [Rare site osteochondroma: a report of 2 cases]. Zhongguo Gu Shang; 2009 Nov;22(11):872
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  • [Title] [Rare site osteochondroma: a report of 2 cases].
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma

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  • (PMID = 20084956.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-0034
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Gu Shang
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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62. Altay M, Bayrakci K, Yildiz Y, Erekul S, Saglik Y: Secondary chondrosarcoma in cartilage bone tumors: report of 32 patients. J Orthop Sci; 2007 Sep;12(5):415-23
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  • [Title] Secondary chondrosarcoma in cartilage bone tumors: report of 32 patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Secondary malignancies arising from benign bone tumors are rare.
  • Their recognition and diagnosis are difficult, and their slow growth and late recurrence require long-term follow-up.
  • In this study, malignant transformation rates of various histological types of benign cartilage-forming bone tumors in large series were evaluated.
  • METHODS: Between 1986 and 2004, a retrospective analysis of 627 cartilage-forming benign bone tumors revealed that 32 patients had malignant transformation.
  • Of the 32 patients, 14 had solitary osteochondromas, 10 had multiple osteochondromas, 6 had a solitary enchondroma, 1 had Ollier's disease, and 1 had Maffucci's syndrome.
  • The patient with Ollier's disease had two chondrosarcomas, and one patient with multiple osteochondroma had three chondrosarcomas.
  • RESULTS: The rate of malignant transformation for cartilage-originating tumors was 5.1% (solitary osteochondromas 4.2%, multiple osteochondromas 9.2%, solitary enchondromas 4.2%).
  • The average time between the initial diagnosis and malignant transformation was 9.8 years.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Cartilage-forming benign bone tumors are rather prone to undergo malignant transformation.
  • Although malignant transformation of a benign bone tumor is a rarely encountered situation, orthopedic surgeons should be cautious while following patients with a benign bone neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Cartilage / pathology. Chondrosarcoma / secondary. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17909925.001).
  • [ISSN] 0949-2658
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Orthop Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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63. Yagi M, Ninomiya K, Kihara M, Horiuchi Y: Symptomatic osteochondroma of the spine in elderly patients. Report of 3 cases. J Neurosurg Spine; 2009 Jul;11(1):64-70
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  • [Title] Symptomatic osteochondroma of the spine in elderly patients. Report of 3 cases.
  • Whereas osteochondroma is a common benign bone tumor in adolescence, it is rarely observed in elderly patients.
  • It is unknown why osteochondromas, which usually develop during skeletal growth, rarely develop in elderly patients.
  • The authors report 3 cases of symptomatic spinal osteochondroma in elderly patients and discuss the possible reasons for the onset of the enlargement of osteochondromas in elderly patients.
  • In the first case, the cervical osteochondroma caused spinal canal compression and occipital nerve irritation.
  • The pathology of psoriatic arthritis was the accelerating bone turnover and ankylosis.
  • Symptomatic osteochondroma of the spine in elderly patients is extremely rare since it typically develops during skeletal growth.
  • In this report, the authors show that pathological accelerating bone turnover such as psoriatic arthritis may be a possible mechanism for the onset of the enlargement of osteochondromas in elderly patients.
  • The age of the patients in this report suggests that growth of the osteochondroma continues after skeletal development.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / surgery. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Spinal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19569943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1547-5654
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery. Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neurosurg Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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64. Tan KB, Tan SH, Aw DC, Lee YS: Fibro-osseous pseudotumor of the digit: Presentation as an enlarging erythematous cutaneous nodule. Dermatol Online J; 2010;16(12):7
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  • The distinguishing features from other pathological differential diagnoses, such as subungual exostosis and extraskeletal osteosarcoma, are discussed.
  • The growth is considered benign and local recurrence following complete excision is unusual.
  • [MeSH-major] Foot Dermatoses / diagnosis. Myositis Ossificans / diagnosis. Toes / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Errors. Exostoses / diagnosis. Female. Foot Ulcer / diagnosis. Foot Ulcer / pathology. Glomus Tumor / diagnosis. Granuloma, Pyogenic / diagnosis. Humans. Middle Aged. Osteoblasts / pathology. Osteosarcoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21199633.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Ismail BE, Kissel CG, Husain ZS, Entwistle T: Osteochondroma of the distal tibia in an adolescent: a case report. J Foot Ankle Surg; 2008 Nov-Dec;47(6):554-8
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the distal tibia in an adolescent: a case report.
  • Clinical and radiographic inspection revealed marked bowing with a pathologic fracture of the fibula secondary to the laterally outgrowing bone lesion from the distal tibia proximal to the growth plate.
  • Computerized tomography revealed a 2.44 x 4.48-cm bone tumor proximal to the ankle joint, and this was consistent with her complaint of pain and the observed malposition of the distal leg and ankle.
  • Although the radiographic characteristics of the lesion were indicative of osteochondroma, a typically asymptomatic and benign tumor that is usually identified as an incidental finding, the large size and symptoms associated with the lesion described in this article make it rather unusual.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Fractures, Bone / diagnosis. Fractures, Bone / etiology. Osteochondroma / complications. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Tibia / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19239866.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-2224
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Foot Ankle Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Milde T, Alamo L, Stadelmann C, Schweigerer L, Witt O: Multifocal osteochondroma after repeated irradiation in a boy with Hodgkin disease. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Jun;27(6):344-5
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  • [Title] Multifocal osteochondroma after repeated irradiation in a boy with Hodgkin disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Hodgkin Disease / radiotherapy. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Radiotherapy / adverse effects


67. Figl M, Leixnering M: Retrospective review of outcome after surgical treatment of enchondromas in the hand. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg; 2009 Jun;129(6):729-34
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  • While the majority of bone tumours are benign (89.4%), a small number show signs of malignancy (4.4%).
  • Among the benign bone tumours of the skeleton of the hand, enchondromas are the most common, at 35-65%.
  • The most common site of an enchondroma was the proximal phalanx in 17 cases, followed by the metacarpal bone in 8 cases and the middle phalanx in 5 cases.
  • For accurate diagnosis, conventional X-ray examination and if necessary, a contrast medium MRI should be performed.
  • Depending on its spread, the defect in the extirpation cavity should be filled with autogenous spongy bone.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Chondroma / surgery. Hand / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Bone Transplantation. Female. Fingers / pathology. Fingers / surgery. Fractures, Spontaneous / diagnosis. Fractures, Spontaneous / pathology. Fractures, Spontaneous / surgery. Hand Injuries / diagnosis. Hand Injuries / pathology. Hand Injuries / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18726106.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-3916
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Orthop Trauma Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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68. Baran R, Richert B: Common nail tumors. Dermatol Clin; 2006 Jul;24(3):297-311
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  • They include warts, keratoacanthomas, onychomatricomas, fibrokeratomas, osteochondromas, tumors (ie, glomus, giant cell, Koenen's, and others), and Bowen's disease.
  • Although the gravity of these conditions may vary, prompt diagnosis and treatment is of the utmost importance.
  • This article discusses the most common defects associated with the nail unit and its surrounding tissue, as well as the differential diagnosis and treatment of these conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Nail Diseases / diagnosis. Nail Diseases / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Bowen's Disease / diagnosis. Bowen's Disease / pathology. Bowen's Disease / therapy. Exostoses / diagnosis. Exostoses / pathology. Exostoses / therapy. Giant Cell Tumors / diagnosis. Giant Cell Tumors / pathology. Giant Cell Tumors / therapy. Glomus Tumor / diagnosis. Glomus Tumor / pathology. Glomus Tumor / therapy. Granuloma / diagnosis. Granuloma / pathology. Granuloma / therapy. Humans. Warts / diagnosis. Warts / pathology. Warts / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16798427.001).
  • [ISSN] 0733-8635
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 133
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69. Blitz NM, Lopez KT: Giant solitary osteochondroma of the inferior medial calcaneal tubercle: a case report and review of the literature. J Foot Ankle Surg; 2008 May-Jun;47(3):206-12
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  • [Title] Giant solitary osteochondroma of the inferior medial calcaneal tubercle: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Small osteophytes are frequently encountered in the foot and ankle, and are not to be confused with true osteochondromas, which are relatively uncommon in this region.
  • Osteochondromas are benign osseous neoplasms with a distinct hyaline cartilage cap originating from the physis and cease growing with skeletal maturity.
  • Osteochondroma are often treated conservatively unless they become symptomatic, painful, demonstrate rapid or new growth, enlarge after skeletal maturity, and/or exhibit signs of malignant transformation.
  • In this report, we present a case of a giant (8 cm x 4.2 cm x 2.1 cm) osteochondroma in an adult occurring on the inferior medial tubercle of the calcaneus that underwent excision, with 3.5 years of follow-up without recurrence.
  • To our knowledge this is the largest osteochondroma affecting the inferior medial tubercle of the calcaneus.
  • This case demonstrates that large osteochondromas may occur in the foot, and also confirms that benign osteochondroma growth may occur in adulthood.
  • A detailed review of osteochondroma occurrence in the foot is presented along with a review of the diagnostic work-up to evaluate for malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Calcaneus. Osteochondroma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 18455666.001).
  • [ISSN] 1067-2516
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of foot and ankle surgery : official publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Foot Ankle Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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70. Raldi FV, Nascimento RD, Sá-Lima JR, Tsuda CA, Moraes MB: Excision of an atypical case of palatal bone exostosis: a case report. J Oral Sci; 2008 Jun;50(2):229-31
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  • [Title] Excision of an atypical case of palatal bone exostosis: a case report.
  • Bone exostosis has long been described in the literature, appearing in most cases as a torus palatinus or mandibularis.
  • Incidence is even higher when human skulls are examined post mortem, indicating that in some cases the exostosis is small and cannot be seen under the soft tissue.
  • Removal of an exostosis is usually associated with the construction of a prothesis, but in rare cases such as the present, the lesion enlarges enough to affect speech and feeding.
  • Few studies have reported the removal of such a large exostosis, and all were conducted in a hospital environment.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses / surgery. Maxillary Diseases / surgery. Palate, Hard / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18587217.001).
  • [ISSN] 1343-4934
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Oral Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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71. Kumar VV: Large osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle treated by condylectomy using a transzygomatic approach. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2010 Feb;39(2):188-91
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  • [Title] Large osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle treated by condylectomy using a transzygomatic approach.
  • This article presents an interesting case of osteochondroma of the mandibular condyle with multiple projections in a 42-year-old man.
  • [MeSH-major] Mandibular Condyle / surgery. Mandibular Neoplasms / surgery. Osteochondroma / surgery. Osteotomy / methods. Zygoma / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20060265.001).
  • [ISSN] 1399-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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72. Chambrone LA, Chambrone L: Bony exostoses developed subsequent to free gingival grafts: case series. Br Dent J; 2005 Aug 13;199(3):146-9
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  • [Title] Bony exostoses developed subsequent to free gingival grafts: case series.
  • Bony exostosis (BE) is described as a benign localised overgrowth of bone of unknown aetiology.
  • Buccal bony exostosis (BBE) development secondary to soft tissue graft procedures has been reported in a small number of cases.
  • The presence of exostoses has been recognised during postoperative visits.
  • Histological examination revealed osseous enlargements compatible with the diagnosis of exostoses at two re-entry procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses / etiology. Gingiva / transplantation. Gingivoplasty / adverse effects. Jaw / injuries. Periosteum / injuries

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  • (PMID = 16192951.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0610
  • [Journal-full-title] British dental journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br Dent J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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73. Chatzidakis E, Lypiridis S, Kazdaglis G, Chatzikonstadinou K, Papatheodorou G: A rare case of solitary osteochondroma of the dens of the C2 vertebra. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2007 Jun;149(6):637-8
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  • [Title] A rare case of solitary osteochondroma of the dens of the C2 vertebra.
  • We report an extremely rare case of a 22-year-old man with an asymptomatic osteochondroma of the dens of C2 vertebra accidentally found during a brain CT scan examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervical Vertebrae / radiography. Odontoid Process / radiography. Osteochondroma / radiography. Spinal Neoplasms / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Algorithms. Diagnosis, Differential. Head Injuries, Closed / radiography. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Incidental Findings. Male. Tomography, Spiral Computed


74. Teka A, Admassie D, Schneider J: Osteochondroma of the coccyx: a case report. Ethiop Med J; 2010 Jul;48(3):247-51
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  • [Title] Osteochondroma of the coccyx: a case report.
  • Osteochondroma is the most common benign bone tumor.
  • Majority of solitary osteochondromas are asymptomatic however, may give functional impairment due to pain from pressure or mass effect.
  • Osteochondromas occur most often about the knee and picked incidentally, coccygeal osteochondroma however; is a rare occurrence.
  • Here we present the case of a 7-year-old child with coccygeal osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Coccyx / radiography. Osteochondroma / radiography. Spinal Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 21073087.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-1755
  • [Journal-full-title] Ethiopian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ethiop. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ethiopia
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75. Dhondt E, Oudenhoven L, Khan S, Kroon HM, Hogendoorn PC, Nieborg A, Bloem JL, De Schepper A: Nora's lesion, a distinct radiological entity? Skeletal Radiol; 2006 Jul;35(7):497-502
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  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiological findings of "Bizarre parosteal osteochondromatous proliferation"(BPOP)-otherwise known as Nora's lesion, to describe the natural evolution of BPOP and to assess radiologically if BPOP is indeed part of a spectrum of reactive lesions including florid reactive periostitis and turret exostosis.
  • PATIENTS: Twenty-four Nora's lesions originating from a series of 200 consecutive, histologically-verified bone (pseudo)tumours of the hand, seen by the "Netherlands Committee on Bone Tumours" for review and second opinion.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Nora's lesion, defined as a "well-marginated mass of heterotopic mineralization arising from the periosteal aspect of an intact cortex, without medullary changes" has a distinct radiological presentation and is part of a spectrum of reactive lesions which includes florid reactive periostitis and turret exostosis.
  • As it has a distinct radiological appearance, differential diagnosis of malignant lesions such as osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma should be clear.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcinosis / diagnostic imaging. Calcinosis / pathology. Osteochondroma / diagnostic imaging. Osteochondroma / pathology. Periostitis / diagnostic imaging. Periostitis / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Radiography. Ultrasonography

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  • [Cites] Hum Pathol. 2002 Dec;33(12 ):1205-10 [12514790.001]
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  • (PMID = 16602017.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2348
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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76. Marino F, Salvaggio A, Macrì D: Congenital retroparietal fibrolipoma and osteochondroma in a calf. Vet Rec; 2006 Jun 3;158(22):772
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  • [Title] Congenital retroparietal fibrolipoma and osteochondroma in a calf.
  • [MeSH-major] Cattle Diseases / congenital. Lipoma / veterinary. Osteochondroma / veterinary. Parietal Bone / pathology. Skull Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 16751318.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4900
  • [Journal-full-title] The Veterinary record
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Rec.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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77. Glick R, Khaldi L, Ptaszynski K, Steiner GC: Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (Trevor disease): a rare developmental disorder of bone mimicking osteochondroma of long bones. Hum Pathol; 2007 Aug;38(8):1265-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (Trevor disease): a rare developmental disorder of bone mimicking osteochondroma of long bones.
  • Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH) is a rare developmental disorder of childhood and is characterized by asymmetric enlargement of the epiphyseal cartilage of the long bones.
  • After 4 to 5 years of age, the lesions histologically resemble osteochondroma.
  • DEH can be differentiated from osteochondroma of long bones using clinical, radiologic, and pathologic parameters.
  • Osteochondroma, in contrast, occurs most frequently between 10 and 30 years of age and originates from the metaphysis of long bones.
  • Although the DEH cartilage resembles osteochondroma, there are several significant histologic differences.
  • During infancy, lesions of DEH histologically reveal osteocartilaginous nodules that resemble secondary ossification centers.
  • Usually after 4 to 5 years of age they develop into osteochondroma-like lesions.
  • Although all cases of DEH contain small areas of calcified cartilage beneath the cartilage cap, a significant percentage of osteochondromas show large amounts.
  • The nodules and cartilage cap of DEH contain bands of cartilage separating areas of cancellous bone; these bands are not present in osteochondroma.
  • Osteochondroma, in contrast, has low levels of EXT1 and EXT2 gene expression due to gene mutation.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Epiphyses / pathology. Female. Gene Expression. Humans. In Vitro Techniques. Male. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / genetics. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / metabolism. Retrospective Studies


78. Campanelli A, Borradori L: Images in clinical medicine. Subungual exostosis. N Engl J Med; 2008 Dec 18;359(25):e31
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  • [Title] Images in clinical medicine. Subungual exostosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses / pathology. Hallux / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19092147.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4406
  • [Journal-full-title] The New England journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N. Engl. J. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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79. Yang L, Hui WS, Chan WC, Ng VC, Yam TH, Leung HC, Huang JD, Shum DK, Jie Q, Cheung KM, Cheah KS, Luo Z, Chan D: A splice-site mutation leads to haploinsufficiency of EXT2 mRNA for a dominant trait in a large family with multiple osteochondromas. J Orthop Res; 2010 Nov;28(11):1522-30
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  • [Title] A splice-site mutation leads to haploinsufficiency of EXT2 mRNA for a dominant trait in a large family with multiple osteochondromas.
  • Multiple osteochondromas (MO) is an autosomal-dominant disorder and mutations in EXT1 and EXT2 account up to 78% of the cases studied, including missense, nonsense, frameshift, and splice-site mutations.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / genetics. Mutation. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Orthopaedic Research Society.
  • (PMID = 20872591.001).
  • [ISSN] 1554-527X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of orthopaedic research : official publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Orthop. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 9050-30-0 / Heparitin Sulfate; EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-2; EC 3.2.1.- / heparanase; EC 3.2.1.31 / Glucuronidase
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80. Tsuchiya T, Osanai T, Ogose A, Tamura G, Chano T, Kaneko Y, Ishikawa A, Orui H, Wada T, Ikeda T, Namba M, Takigawa M, Kawashima H, Hotta T, Tsuchiya A, Ogino T, Motoyama T: Methylation status of EXT1 and EXT2 promoters and two mutations of EXT2 in chondrosarcoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 Apr 15;158(2):148-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Germline mutation and functional loss of EXT1 or EXT2 are commonly found in multiple osteochondromas and predispose to the development of chondrosarcoma.
  • Mutations of EXT1 and EXT2 have rarely been detected in sporadic secondary chondrosarcomas from osteochondroma; these frequently display loss of heterozygosity at the EXT1 and EXT2 loci, but primary chondrosarcomas typically do not.
  • To evaluate promoter methylation (which is an epigenetic gene silencing mechanism) of EXT1 and EXT2, we performed methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for 20 chondrosarcoma cases (12 primary, 3 secondary to osteochondroma, 2 secondary to enchondromatosis, 2 extraskeletal ordinary, and 1 clear cell) and in five cell lines.
  • In addition, mutation analysis of the EXT1 and EXT2 coding regions was performed using PCR-single-strand conformation polymorphism and sequencing analysis for 12 of the 20 chondrosarcoma cases (8 primary, 1 secondary to enchondromatosis, 1 secondary to osteochondroma, and 2 extraskeletal ordinary) and five cell lines.

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  • (PMID = 15796962.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 5' Untranslated Regions; EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-1; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-2
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81. Dhillon M, Prasad P, Goel A, Kar A: Giant osteochondral body in a popliteal cyst. Indian J Orthop; 2009 Jan;43(1):93-6
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  • This type of mass has to be differentiated from synovial osteochondromatosis, calcifications in the cyst, extraosseous and intraarticular osteochondromas.

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  • (PMID = 19753189.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-5413
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of orthopaedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Orthop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2739501
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Giant osteochondral body / popliteal cyst
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82. Dhillon MS, McCafferty I, Davies AM, Tillman RM: Intra-osseous pseudoaneurysm following curettage of an aneurysmal bone cyst. Skeletal Radiol; 2007 Jun;36 Suppl 1:S46-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intra-osseous pseudoaneurysm following curettage of an aneurysmal bone cyst.
  • BACKGROUND: Pseudoaneurysms secondary to bone tumours are rare and most of the reported cases are related to osteochondromas, either due to direct pressure or following surgery.
  • Aneurysmal bone cysts are relatively common bony lesions usually treated by curettage.
  • DISCUSSION: We describe an unusual case of pseudoaneurysm of the anterior tibial artery complicating curettage of an aneurysmal bone cyst which presented as a rapidly enlarging mass clinically thought to be rapid recurrence of the tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Bone Cysts, Aneurysmal / surgery. Curettage / adverse effects. Fibula / surgery. Tibia / blood supply

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  • (PMID = 16710722.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2348
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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83. Lee SK, Jung MS, Lee YH, Gong HS, Kim JK, Baek GH: Two distinctive subungual pathologies: subungual exostosis and subungual osteochondroma. Foot Ankle Int; 2007 May;28(5):595-601
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Two distinctive subungual pathologies: subungual exostosis and subungual osteochondroma.
  • BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to present features that differentiate subungual exostosis from subungual osteochondroma.
  • All were confirmed by radiographic and histologic evaluations to be subungual exostosis or subungual osteochondroma.
  • In the five patients with subungual exostosis, three (60%) had a toe lesion, and two (40%) had a finger lesion.
  • In the six patients with subungual osteochondroma, four (67%) had a toe lesion, and two (33%) had finger lesions.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Subungual exostosis and subungual osteochondroma are benign but have distinct osseous pathologies.
  • We concluded that subungual exostosis is clinically, developmentally, radiographically, and histologically distinct from subungual osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Exostoses / pathology. Nail Diseases / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Nails / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17559767.001).
  • [ISSN] 1071-1007
  • [Journal-full-title] Foot & ankle international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Foot Ankle Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Obalum DC, Eyesan SU, Ezembakwe ME, Abdulkareem FB: Pattern of osteochondromas in Lagos, Nigeria. Nig Q J Hosp Med; 2008 Apr-Jun;18(2):69-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pattern of osteochondromas in Lagos, Nigeria.
  • Osteochondromas are the most common benign tumours of bone.
  • This study aims to study the epidemiology of osteochondromas at National Orthopaedic Hospital, Igbobi (NOHI), Lagos, Nigeria.
  • This is a five year prospective study of osteochondromas that presented at NOHI, Lagos, Nigeria.
  • Sixty eight patients with histologically established osteochondromas were studied.
  • The study showed that osteochondromas were preponderant in Nigerian males in the second decade of life.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19068555.001).
  • [ISSN] 0189-2657
  • [Journal-full-title] Nigerian quarterly journal of hospital medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nig Q J Hosp Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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85. Martino A, Fabrizzi G, Costarelli L, Ilari M, de Benedictis FM: Haemothorax caused by isolated costal exostosis. Eur J Pediatr Surg; 2007 Apr;17(2):129-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Haemothorax caused by isolated costal exostosis.
  • We report an unusual case of spontaneous haemothorax in a 13-year-old girl with isolated costal exostosis.
  • Surgical excision of the exostosis was performed with complete resolution.
  • Costal exostosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of spontaneous haemothorax in children in order to avoid unnecessary investigation and to establish an adequate treatment plan.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses / complications. Exostoses / surgery. Hemothorax / etiology. Ribs

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  • (PMID = 17503308.001).
  • [ISSN] 0939-7248
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of pediatric surgery : official journal of Austrian Association of Pediatric Surgery ... [et al] = Zeitschrift für Kinderchirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Pediatr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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86. Kurtzman GM, Silverstein LH, Shatz PC: A technique for surgical mandibular exostosis removal. Compend Contin Educ Dent; 2006 Oct;27(10):540-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A technique for surgical mandibular exostosis removal.
  • Exostosis, a slow-growing, benign bony outgrowth, is a common clinical finding and not usually a concern for patients.
  • This article describes a surgical technique for excision of exostosis through a case presentation.
  • The removal of the exostosis is illustrated through the use of a device that serves as an alternative to a scalpel, offering a safe, predictable outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses / surgery. Mandibular Diseases / surgery. Oral Surgical Procedures / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 17120387.001).
  • [ISSN] 1548-8578
  • [Journal-full-title] Compendium of continuing education in dentistry (Jamesburg, N.J. : 1995)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Compend Contin Educ Dent
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Kuo SM, Chen KC, Diau GY, Hua YM: Dangerous costal exostosis: hemothorax mimicking empyema in a child. J Pediatr; 2010 May;156(5):853, 853.e1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dangerous costal exostosis: hemothorax mimicking empyema in a child.
  • [MeSH-major] Empyema, Pleural / diagnosis. Exostoses / complications. Hemothorax / etiology. Ribs
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Chest Pain / etiology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Lung. Male

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  • (PMID = 20060125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6833
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Huang HR, Lin TY, Wong KS: Costal exostosis presenting with hemothorax: report of one case. Eur J Pediatr; 2006 May;165(5):342-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Costal exostosis presenting with hemothorax: report of one case.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / complications. Hemothorax / etiology. Ribs

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  • (PMID = 16435130.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-6199
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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89. Ishikawa J, Kato H, Fujioka F, Iwasaki N, Suenaga N, Minami A: Tumor location affects the results of simple excision for multiple osteochondromas in the forearm. J Bone Joint Surg Am; 2007 Jun;89(6):1238-47
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tumor location affects the results of simple excision for multiple osteochondromas in the forearm.
  • BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of excision of osteochondromas in controlling the progression of forearm and wrist deformity remains an issue of controversy.
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of tumor excision in the correction of forearm and wrist deformity due to multiple osteochondromas in children, with an interpretation of the results based on different patterns of deformity.
  • In Group 1 (six forearms), the osteochondroma was only in the distal aspect of the ulna and caused compression of the radius.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of simple excision of osteochondromas of the distal aspect of the forearm is influenced by the tumor location and is related to the pattern of the deformity.
  • [MeSH-major] Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / surgery. Forearm
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Male. Radius / radiography. Treatment Outcome. Ulna / radiography

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  • (PMID = 17545427.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9355
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bone Joint Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Zhang M, Liu SG, Li FF, Zhou WH, Jin XH, Ma X: [EXT1 and EXT2 mutation identified by denaturing high performance liquid chromatograph in three families with hereditary multiple exostoses]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Dec;24(6):646-51
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  • [Title] [EXT1 and EXT2 mutation identified by denaturing high performance liquid chromatograph in three families with hereditary multiple exostoses].
  • OBJECTIVE: To develop a new denaturing high performance liquid chromatograph (DHPLC)-based method to screen patients with EXT gene mutation and to study the gene mutation in three families with multiple exostoses.
  • CONCLUSION: The transversions of IVS2+1 G to A and IVS7+1 G to T in EXT2 gene are suggested to be the disease-causing mutations and the DHPLC is a high throughout, sensitive, simple, quick, economical method to screen gene mutation in hereditary multiple exostosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid / methods. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / genetics. Mutation. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18067075.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-9406
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-1
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91. Young KW, Lee KT, Kwak JJ, Lee YK, Park YU: Mass-induced unilateral hallux valgus. Orthopedics; 2010 Dec;33(12):927
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We believe ours to be the first published case of osteochondroma of the second metatarsus-induced hallux valgus.
  • After a diagnosis of bony mass with hallux valgus, an operative excision was performed through a dorsal approach on the first web space of the left foot.
  • The histopathologic diagnosis was osteochondroma.
  • There is little probability of discovering its etiology, but mass-like osteochondroma should be considered.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Hallux Valgus / etiology. Hallux Valgus / surgery. Osteochondroma / complications. Osteochondroma / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.
  • (PMID = 21162492.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2367
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthopedics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Bilen FE, Eralp L, Balci HI, Kocaoglu M, Ozger H: Correction of forearm deformities in children with multiple osteochondroma, by corrective radial osteotomy and ulnar lengthening by distraction osteogenesis. Acta Orthop Belg; 2009 Dec;75(6):743-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Correction of forearm deformities in children with multiple osteochondroma, by corrective radial osteotomy and ulnar lengthening by distraction osteogenesis.
  • We retrospectively evaluated the results after ulnar lengthening and radial deformity correction using an external fixator for forearm deformities caused by osteochondromas.
  • Eight forearms were treated surgically in seven patients with multiple hereditary osteochondroma.
  • Although technically demanding, ulnar osteotomy and gradual lengthening by an external fixator provided promising results in the treatment of forearm deformities in children with multiple osteochondroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / surgery. Osteogenesis, Distraction. Radius / surgery. Ulna / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Bone Lengthening. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Male. Osteotomy. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 20166355.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6462
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop Belg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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93. Bayat M, Badri A, Moharamnejad N: Treatment of temporomandibular joint ankylosis: gap and interpositional arthroplasty with temporalis muscle flap. Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2009 Dec;13(4):207-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Diagnosis of TMJ ankylosis was based upon the clinical examination and plain radiography and CT scan.
  • Trauma was the most etiological factor (88.2%) and osteochondroma of the condyle in one patient caused ankylosis.

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  • [Cites] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2001 Jun;30(3):189-93 [11420899.001]
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  • (PMID = 19806372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-1569
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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94. Liu ZJ, Zhao Q, Zhang LJ: Extraskeletal osteochondroma near the hip: a pediatric case. J Pediatr Orthop B; 2010 Nov;19(6):524-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extraskeletal osteochondroma near the hip: a pediatric case.
  • Extraskeletal osteochondroma near the hip is rare and its pathological diagnosis is based on radiological and histopathological examination.
  • It is vital that such a diagnosis be considered when a discrete, ossified mass is localized in soft tissues, even at atypical sites.
  • Differential diagnoses include myositis ossificans, a lipomatous lesion, a pseudomalignant osseous tumour, an ossifying fibromyxoid tumour, an extraskeletal chondroma with endochondral ossification, synovial (osteo) chondromatosis, tumoural calcinosis, a synovial sarcoma and an extraskeletal osteosarcoma.
  • Clinical awareness of this benign entity is important as no malignant transformation or metastasis has been reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Osteochondroma / pathology. Osteochondroma / surgery. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20802344.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5865
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric orthopedics. Part B
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Orthop B
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Rupprecht M, Mladenov K, Stücker R: Posttraumatic popliteal pseudoaneurysm caused by a femoral osteochondroma. J Pediatr Orthop B; 2010 Jul;19(4):341-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Posttraumatic popliteal pseudoaneurysm caused by a femoral osteochondroma.
  • We report an exceptional case of a 12-year-old-boy with a pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal artery caused by an osteochondroma on the lower femoral metaphysic after a hyperextension trauma.
  • This patient was successfully operated upon with resection of the osteochondroma and saphenous vein femoropopliteal bypass.
  • Owing to the severity of potential vascular complication, preventive resection of osteochondromas in the course of an artery and the need for a vascular surgeon on stand-by should be discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Bone Neoplasms / complications. Femur / blood supply. Osteochondroma / complications. Popliteal Artery / injuries

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  • (PMID = 20400918.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5865
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric orthopedics. Part B
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Orthop B
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Bovée JV, Hameetman L, Kroon HM, Aigner T, Hogendoorn PC: EXT-related pathways are not involved in the pathogenesis of dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica and metachondromatosis. J Pathol; 2006 Jul;209(3):411-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica (DEH) and metachondromatosis (MC) are considered in the differential diagnosis of solitary and hereditary osteochondromas.
  • Both are rare disorders with DEH demonstrating cartilaginous overgrowth of an epiphysis and MC exhibiting synchronous enchondromas and osteochondromas.
  • Ten cases of DEH and two of MC were compared with osteochondromas at the histological and molecular level.
  • Histologically, clumping of chondrocytes within a fibrillary chondroid matrix is characteristic of DEH, while osteochondromas and MC display the characteristic growth plate architecture.
  • Using cDNA microarray analysis we demonstrate that DEH and MC cluster separately from osteochondromas and growth plates.
  • The EXT genes, involved in the hereditary multiple osteochondromas syndrome, and downregulated in osteochondroma, were normally expressed in DEH and MC as shown by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (qPCR).
  • This is in contrast to osteochondroma, in which PTHLH signalling is downregulated.
  • Thus, lesions of DEH and MC are separate entities from osteochondroma as confirmed by their different cDNA and protein expression profiles.
  • Downstream targets of EXT, which are downregulated in osteochondroma, are expressed in DEH and MC, suggesting that EXT signalling is not disturbed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / physiopathology. Exostoses, Multiple Hereditary / physiopathology. N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases / physiology. Osteochondrodysplasias / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. DNA, Complementary / genetics. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gene Expression Regulation. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / physiology. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis / methods. Osteochondroma / diagnosis. Osteochondroma / genetics. Osteochondroma / physiopathology. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Signal Transduction

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2006 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • (PMID = 16622899.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3417
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Complementary; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-1; EC 2.4.1.224 / exostosin-2
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97. Hatori M, Watanabe M, Kotake H, Kokubun S: Chondrosarcoma of the ring finger: a case report and review of the literature. Tohoku J Exp Med; 2006 Mar;208(3):275-81
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  • Enchondromas are the most common benign cartilaginous bone tumors arising in the medullary cavity of the small bones of the hand.
  • Thorough curettage and artificial bone grafting was performed because of the age of the patient, his senile dementia and the strong desire of the patient and his family.
  • Nuclear irregularity, binucleated cells, bone permeation and encasement were observed and the tumor was diagnosed as grade 2 chondrosarcoma.
  • In conclusion, details of radiological as well as pathological findings are essential for differential diagnosis between benign enchondroma and chondrosarcoma in the hand.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Chondrosarcoma / pathology. Fingers / pathology. Review Literature as Topic
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Chondroma / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease-Free Survival. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16498237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-8727
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tohoku J. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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98. Valdivielso-Ortiz A, Barber I, Soldado F, Aguirre-Canyadell M, Enriquez G: Solitary osteochondroma: spontaneous regression. Pediatr Radiol; 2010 Oct;40(10):1699-701
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Solitary osteochondroma: spontaneous regression.
  • Osteochondromas are the most common benign bone tumours.
  • Rarely, spontaneous regression of osteochondromas may occur.
  • We report the case of a 9-year-old girl with a solitary osteochondroma of the femur that regressed almost completely within 4 years, a fact that should be taken into account when deciding the management of these lesions, especially in young children.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Femur / diagnostic imaging. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous. Osteochondroma / diagnostic imaging

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  • (PMID = 20714716.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1998
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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99. Ratcliff JR, Naqvi A, de la Roza G, Strauss JA, Damron TA: Soft tissue osteochondroma: case report and immunohistochemistry for parathyroid hormone-related protein. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Aug;10(4):222-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Soft tissue osteochondroma: case report and immunohistochemistry for parathyroid hormone-related protein.
  • Surface lesions of bone usually present little diagnostic dilemma because the majority are conventional osteochondromas.
  • Other surface bone lesions include periosteal chondroma, periosteal chondrosarcoma, and parosteal osteosarcoma.
  • Mineralized soft tissue lesions such as myositis ossificans, synovial chondroma, and synovial sarcoma may present in a similar fashion when they occur in a juxtaarticular position.
  • The soft tissue osteochondroma or paraarticular osteochondroma may simulate some of these more aggressive tumors, and its recognition is important to avoid overtreatment.
  • A case of an 11-year-old male with a soft tissue osteochondroma is reported to illustrate the characteristic radiographic and histological features of this rare entity.
  • No prior reports have examined soft tissue osteochondroma for expression of parathyroid hormone related protein, an established cartilage tumor proliferative mitogen.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Osteochondroma / pathology. Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein / analysis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology


100. Khosla A, Parry RL: Costal osteochondroma causing pneumothorax in an adolescent: a case report and review of the literature. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Nov;45(11):2250-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Costal osteochondroma causing pneumothorax in an adolescent: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Costal osteochondroma is a rare but important condition to recognize because of the possibility of serious consequences if not diagnosed and treated promptly.
  • A computed tomographic scan of the chest revealed the cause to be a costal exostosis of the anterior fifth rib.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / complications. Osteochondroma / complications. Pneumothorax / etiology. Ribs
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21034955.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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