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Items 1 to 65 of about 65
1. Pramateftakis MG, Kanellos D, Psomas S, Kanellos I: Nadroparine-induced skin necrosis on a patient with essential thrombocythaemia: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:6458

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • She was admitted to our clinic with a subacute ileus due to endometriosis of the rectosigmoid junction.

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  • (PMID = 20181159.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2827086
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2. Sabharwal M: Large bowel injury during total laparoscopic hysterectomy. J Gynecol Endosc Surg; 2009 Jan;1(1):57-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Injury at the rectosigmoid junction due to traction with a rectal probe is extremely rare and highly underreported.

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  • (PMID = 22442512.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-1216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gynecological endoscopy and surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gynecol Endosc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3304267
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adhesiolysis / bowel injury / rectal probe / rectosigmoid
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3. Zezos P, Oikonomou A, Souftas V, Gkotsis D, Pitiakoudis M, Kouklakis G: Endoscopic removal of a toothpick perforating the sigmoid colon and causing chronic abdominal pain: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:8469

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endoscopic removal of a toothpick perforating the sigmoid colon and causing chronic abdominal pain: a case report.
  • We describe a young male with chronic postprandial lower abdominal pain caused by a toothpick impaction at the rectosigmoid junction after inadvertent ingestion.
  • Perforation due to foreign body ingestion must be considered in the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with unexplained symptoms and findings, even when they do not recall any foreign body ingestion.

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  • (PMID = 19918434.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2769444
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4. Hwang SS, Chung WC, Lee KM, Kim HJ, Paik CN, Yang JM: Ischemic colitis due to obstruction of mesenteric and splenic veins: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Apr 14;14(14):2272-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A colonoscopy showed markedly edematous mucosa with tortuous dilatation of the veins and a deep ulceration at the rectosigmoid junction.
  • [MeSH-major] Colitis, Ischemic / diagnosis. Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion / diagnosis. Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion / surgery. Mesenteric Veins / pathology. Splenic Vein / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18407609.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2703860
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5. Chou YH, Chen JD, Tiu CM, Chen SP, Chiang JH, Lin JK, Lui WY: Epiploic appendagitis of the rectosigmoid junction: demonstration with transrectal sonography. J Clin Ultrasound; 2006 Nov-Dec;34(9):450-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Abdominal Pain.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epiploic appendagitis of the rectosigmoid junction: demonstration with transrectal sonography.
  • Transrectal sonographic examination demonstrated an ovoid echogenic noncompressible mass surrounded by a hypoechoic halo attached to the wall of the rectosigmoid junction.
  • A diagnosis of epiploic appendagitis was made on the basis of sonographic findings and was subsequently confirmed with contrast-enhanced CT.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Colon, Sigmoid / ultrasonography. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Rectum

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17024673.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-2751
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Kim S, Martin C, Galanko J, Woosley JT, Schroeder JC, Keku TO, Satia JA, Halabi S, Sandler RS: Use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and distal large bowel cancer in whites and African Americans. Am J Epidemiol; 2008 Dec 1;168(11):1292-300
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The authors evaluated the association between NSAIDs and distal large bowel cancer in African Americans and whites, using data from a population-based case-control study of 1,057 incident cases of adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon, rectosigmoid junction, and rectum and 1,019 controls from North Carolina (2001-2006).
  • In addition, the strength of the association with NSAIDs varied by tumor location, suggesting more potent effects for rectal and rectosigmoid cancers than for sigmoid cancer.
  • The chemopreventive potential of NSAIDs might differ by population and by tumor characteristics.

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  • (PMID = 18945689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-6256
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Epidemiol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P30 DK034987; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA066635; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P30 DK34987; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA 66635
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2727267
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7. Sim HL, Tan KY, Poon PL, Cheng A: Primary rectal signet ring cell carcinoma with peritoneal dissemination and gastric secondaries. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Apr 7;14(13):2118-20
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonoscopy.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • However, primaries in the colon and rectum have also been reported.
  • Colonoscopy showed a stenosing rectal tumour at 7 cm to 8 cm from the anal verge.
  • However, no primary tumour of the stomach was seen.
  • Computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed circumferential tumour at the rectosigmoid junction with possible invasion into the left ischiorectal fossa.
  • In the present report, we discuss this interesting pathological entity and review the role of various histolological techniques in helping to identify the primary tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / pathology. Colonoscopy / methods. Peritoneum / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Stomach Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18395918.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2701538
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8. Jones AM, Morris E, Thomas J, Forman D, Melia J, Moss SM: Evaluation of bowel cancer registration data in England, 1996-2004. Br J Cancer; 2009 Oct 20;101(8):1269-73
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colorectal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • To determine the feasibility of using national cancer registration data to assess the impact of the BCSP on stage-specific incidence, we studied trends in the incidence rates of colon (ICD10 C18) and rectosigmoid junction and rectum (ICD10 C19-C20) cancers and the completeness of data on Dukes stage in England.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. England / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Mass Screening. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 19773758.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / CRUK/ 9805; United Kingdom / Department of Health / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2768458
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9. Van Kerschaver O, Van Maele V, Vereecken L, Kint M: Gallstone impacted in the rectosigmoid junction causing a biliary ileus and a sigmoid perforation. Int Surg; 2009 Jan-Feb;94(1):63-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Gallstone impacted in the rectosigmoid junction causing a biliary ileus and a sigmoid perforation.
  • We present a case of biliary ileus caused by an impacted gallstone, causing necrosis and perforation of the rectosigmoid junction.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Cholecystectomy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20099430.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-8868
  • [Journal-full-title] International surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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10. Lundy JB, Gadacz TR: Massive fecal impaction presenting with megarectum and perforation of a stercoral ulcer at the rectosigmoid junction. South Med J; 2006 May;99(5):525-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Rectal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Massive fecal impaction presenting with megarectum and perforation of a stercoral ulcer at the rectosigmoid junction.
  • He was found to have feculent peritonitis with megabowel involving the rectum and sigmoid colon and a stercoral ulcer with full thickness erosion, and perforation was also identified on the anti-mesocolic surface at the rectosigmoid junction.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Dilatation, Pathologic. Humans. Male. Sigmoid Diseases / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16711318.001).
  • [ISSN] 0038-4348
  • [Journal-full-title] Southern medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] South. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Singaporewalla RM, Tan DE, Tan TK: Use of endoscopic snare to extract a large rectosigmoid foreign body with review of literature. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech; 2007 Apr;17(2):145-8
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  • [Title] Use of endoscopic snare to extract a large rectosigmoid foreign body with review of literature.
  • Large objects impacted high in the rectosigmoid junction pose a challenge for endoscopic extraction.
  • We describe a method that successfully removed a 15x6x3.5-cm shampoo bottle impacted in the rectosigmoid junction.
  • A 50-year-old man had passed a shampoo bottle up into his rectum.
  • Contrast x-rays showed a well-delineated bottle in the rectosigmoid junction with no evidence of bowel perforation.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Endoscopy / methods. Foreign Bodies / surgery. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17450100.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-4515
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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12. van Tonder JJ, Boon JM, Becker JH, van Schoor AN: Anatomical considerations on Sudeck's critical point and its relevance to colorectal surgery. Clin Anat; 2007 May;20(4):424-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Sudeck's critical point at the rectosigmoid junction is described as the point of origin of the last sigmoid arterial branch, originating from the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA).
  • Sixty-four cadavers were included in the study, excluding those with previous surgery to the rectosigmoid junction.
  • [MeSH-major] Arteriovenous Anastomosis / anatomy & histology. Colon, Sigmoid / blood supply. Colorectal Surgery / methods. Rectum / blood supply

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  • (PMID = 17022033.001).
  • [ISSN] 0897-3806
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Assarian A, Raja MA: Colonoscopic retrieval of a lost intrauterine contraceptive device: a case report and review of articles. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care; 2005 Dec;10(4):261-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonoscopy.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A case of translocated intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) lying partly in the bowel wall at the rectosigmoid junction and its removal by colonoscope is described.

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  • (PMID = 16448954.001).
  • [ISSN] 1362-5187
  • [Journal-full-title] The European journal of contraception & reproductive health care : the official journal of the European Society of Contraception
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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14. Currall VA, Dixon JH: Synovial metastasis: an unusual cause of pain after total knee arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty; 2008 Jun;23(4):631-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Knee Replacement.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A barium enema and flexible sigmoidoscopy showed a suspicious lesion at the rectosigmoid junction.
  • This phenomenon should be considered in the differential diagnosis of continuing pain and effusion postarthroplasty.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Joint Diseases / diagnosis. Knee Joint. Pain, Postoperative / etiology. Synovial Membrane
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Arthroscopy. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Osteoarthritis, Knee / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18514889.001).
  • [ISSN] 0883-5403
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of arthroplasty
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Arthroplasty
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Chang PF, Lin YC, Chen Y, Yeh SJ: Laparoscopic-assisted colonoscopic polypectomy for juvenile polyp in children: a new minimal-invasive therapeutic approach. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech; 2007 Oct;17(5):442-3
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  • He underwent colonoscopy that revealed 1 large polyp in the rectosigmoid junction.

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  • (PMID = 18049411.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-4515
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Harikumar R, Thomas N, Mathew T: Small cell carcinoma occurring in a case of ulcerative colitis. Trop Gastroenterol; 2008 Oct-Dec;29(4):224-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A 61-year-old man, with an 8-year history of ulcerative colitis, presented with bleeding per rectum for 4 weeks' duration.
  • Colonoscopy revealed polypoidal neoplasm at the rectosigmoid junction.
  • The tumour was diagnosed as undifferentiated small cell carcinoma, which is unusual since generally it is the adenocarcinoma that occurs on a background of ulcerative colitis and there are only three previous reports of small cell carcinoma occurring in UC.

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  • (PMID = 19323093.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-636X
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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17. Ahmed I, Howard M, Rehman Z, Ofar F, Marley P, O'Doherty E, Martin MJ: A comparison of overall and disease-specific survivals following adjuvant radiotherapy with neo-adjuvant radiotherapy for rectal cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e15008

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Cause of death (COD) recorded as 'Rectum and Rectosigmoid Junction' was used to calculate rectal-specific survival.
  • CODs recorded as 'Colon excluding Rectum' and 'Rectum and Rectosigmoid Junction' were used for colorectal-specific survival.

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  • (PMID = 27964366.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Kiran RP, Tripodi G, Frederick W, Dudrick SJ: Adenosquamous carcinoma of the colon: a rare tumor. Am Surg; 2006 Aug;72(8):754-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenosquamous carcinoma of the colon: a rare tumor.
  • We report a patient who presented with a primary adenosquamous carcinoma of the rectosigmoid junction and we review the literature regarding the clinical presentation, management, and prognosis of this tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16913323.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Modarai B, Forshaw M, Parker MC, Stewart M: Self-expanding metallic stents in the treatment of benign colorectal anastomotic strictures: a word of caution. Tech Coloproctol; 2008 Jun;12(2):127-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Self-expanding metallic stents in the treatment of benign colorectal anastomotic strictures: a word of caution.
  • A 66-year-old man underwent an anterior resection for carcinoma at the rectosigmoid junction.
  • This, to our knowledge, is the first report of a coloenteric fistula developing after insertion of a metallic stent to treat a benign postoperative anastomotic stricture.
  • [MeSH-major] Anastomosis, Surgical / adverse effects. Constriction, Pathologic / therapy. Intestinal Fistula / etiology. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Sigmoid Neoplasms / surgery. Stents

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  • (PMID = 18545881.001).
  • [ISSN] 1123-6337
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Metals
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20. Bracale U, Nastro P, Bramante S, Pignata G: Single incision laparoscopic anterior resection for cancer using a "QuadiPort access system". Acta Chir Iugosl; 2010;57(3):105-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: A 66 year old female affected by adenocarcinoma of the rectosigmoid junction underwent a radical single incision laparoscopic anterior resection performed by an experienced laparoscopic team.

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  • (PMID = 21066993.001).
  • [ISSN] 0354-950X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Iugoslavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir Iugosl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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21. Ng SS, Leung KL, Lee JF, Yiu RY, Li JC, Hon SS: Long-term morbidity and oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic-assisted anterior resection for upper rectal cancer: ten-year results of a prospective, randomized trial. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Apr;52(4):558-66
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: We have previously reported the five-year results of a randomized trial comparing laparoscopic and open resection for cancer of the upper rectum and rectosigmoid junction.

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  • (PMID = 19404053.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Rink AD, Liese M, Terpe HJ, Vestweber KH: [Contraction of the hip and fecal drainage via a fistula tract 30 years after "appendectomy"]. Chirurg; 2005 Jan;76(1):80-4
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Intestinal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Colonoscopy demonstrated a stenosis of the rectosigmoid junction but did not provide any further specific information.
  • Surgery revealed the presumed diagnosis of complicated Crohn's disease, but an advanced squamous cell carcinoma was also identified.
  • The patient died 23 months later due to generalized tumor.

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  • (PMID = 15551013.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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23. Birnbaum DJ, Berdah SV, Eyre-Brooke I, Moutardier V, Brunet C: Very low stapling of the anal canal in laparoscopic ileal pouch-anal anastomosis. Dis Colon Rectum; 2010 Jul;53(7):1093-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonic Diseases.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We describe here a transanal method of everting the rectum, which allows easier transection under visual control and a sufficiently low anastomosis.
  • Once the entire colon and rectum have been dissected out at laparoscopy, a plastic tube is introduced per anum and advanced into the mid sigmoid.
  • The rectum is then divided at the level of the rectosigmoid junction by an endostapler, which also attaches the plastic tube to the rectum.

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  • (PMID = 20551765.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Kim SS, Nam JH, Kim SM, Choi YD, Lee JH: Peritoneal melanosis associated with mucinous cystadenoma of the ovary and adenocarcinoma of the colon. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2010 Mar;29(2):113-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ovarian Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A pelvic computed tomographic scan revealed a huge multicystic mass on the right ovary and a well-enhancing intraluminal mass located at the rectosigmoid junction.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Melanosis / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneum / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20173496.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Lu PY, Turner R, Roberts V, Ho YH: Colorectal carcinoma among Indigenous people: a public hospital-based study in Townsville and Cairns, North Queensland, Australia. ANZ J Surg; 2005 Nov;75(11):972-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Health.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The majority (56%) of the tumours were left-sided, being in the sigmoid colon, rectosigmoid junction and rectum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Queensland / epidemiology. Rectal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16336390.001).
  • [ISSN] 1445-1433
  • [Journal-full-title] ANZ journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ANZ J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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26. Gibbs GW, Sevigny M: Mortality and cancer experience of Quebec aluminum reduction plant workers. Part 3: monitoring the mortality of workers first employed after January 1, 1950. J Occup Environ Med; 2007 Nov;49(11):1269-87
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In the combined cohorts, standardized mortality ratios exceeded 110 for cancers of esophagus, rectum, and rectosigmoid junction, pancreas, larynx, lung, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, cerebrovascular disease, and asthma.

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  • (PMID = 17993932.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-2752
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of occupational and environmental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Occup. Environ. Med.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] CPD4NFA903 / Aluminum
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27. Lee ES, Jang MK, Park SY, Lee JH, Lee JY, Lim EJ, Kim HS, Lee JH, Lee JY, Kim KH, Park YB, Park JY, Lee JH, Kim HY, Yoo JY: [A case of iatrogenic tension pneumoperitoneum following colonoscopy in a patient with cytomegalovirus colitis]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2006 Apr;47(4):312-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The most common sites of perforation are rectosigmoid junction and cecal area.
  • [MeSH-major] Colitis / diagnosis. Colon / injuries. Colonoscopy / adverse effects. Cytomegalovirus Infections / diagnosis. Intestinal Perforation / etiology. Pneumoperitoneum / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16632984.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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28. Doran H, Pătraşcu T, Catrina E, Mihalache O: [Hartmann 's procedure. A 30 years one-centre clinical experience]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2008 Jul-Aug;103(4):413-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Operaţia Hartmann. Evaluarea unei experienţe clinice de 30 de ani.
  • Henri Hartmann described in 1921 a resection procedure for extended neoplasma of the rectosigmoid junction, in patients who were not eligible for a primary anastomosis.
  • 60 of them had malign tumors of the rectum and colon, while 5 patients had benign diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Colostomy / instrumentation. Colostomy / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Sigmoid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18780614.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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29. Ganai S, Garb JL, Kanumuri P, Rao RS, Alexander AI, Wait RB: Mapping the rectum: spatial analysis of transanal endoscopic microsurgical outcomes using GIS technology. J Gastrointest Surg; 2006 Jan;10(1):22-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mapping the rectum: spatial analysis of transanal endoscopic microsurgical outcomes using GIS technology.
  • Regions between the rectosigmoid junction and the peritoneal reflection were associated with peritoneal breach.
  • [MeSH-major] Geographic Information Systems. Microsurgery / methods. Proctoscopy / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Rectum / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma / pathology. Adenoma / surgery. Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Female. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods. Intraoperative Complications. Male. Medical Laboratory Science. Middle Aged. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures. Peritoneum / pathology. Peritoneum / surgery. Postoperative Complications. Proctoscopes. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16368487.001).
  • [ISSN] 1091-255X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Bohn J, Schippers E, Wagner S, Küsters W, Müller J, Meesmann M, Scheppach W: [Solitary liver tumor as a manifestation of polyarteritis nodosa]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr; 2010 Feb;135(6):236-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Solitary liver tumor as a manifestation of polyarteritis nodosa].
  • THERAPY AND CLINICAL COURSE: Both lesions in the rectum and liver were resected.
  • While a moderately differentiated (G2) adenocarcinoma of the rectosigmoid junction (stage T3/ N0) was confirmed, histology of the hepatic mass showed liver infarction due to polyarteritis nodosa of the medium-sized arteries.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Infarction / diagnosis. Infarction / etiology. Liver / blood supply. Paraneoplastic Syndromes / diagnosis. Polyarteritis Nodosa / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Cholecystectomy. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hepatectomy. Hepatic Artery / pathology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Necrosis. Neoplasm Staging. Rectum / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography

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  • [Copyright] Copyright Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart . New York.
  • (PMID = 20127606.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-4413
  • [Journal-full-title] Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dtsch. Med. Wochenschr.
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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31. Battal B, Kocaoglu M, Ors F, Akgun V, Tasar M: Obstructive rectal intramural hematoma caused by a foreign body. Emerg Radiol; 2009 Jan;16(1):75-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Rectal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In this article, we report a 51-year-old male patient with foreign body used for masturbation causing rectal intramural hematoma and perforation at the rectosigmoid junction.
  • In the diagnosis of intramural hematoma of the alimentary tract, beside the clinical history and physical examination, the findings at imaging modalities such as conventional radiography, ultrasonography, and computed tomography are often useful.
  • [MeSH-major] Foreign Bodies / complications. Hematoma / etiology. Rectal Diseases / etiology. Rectum

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  • (PMID = 18335263.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-1435
  • [Journal-full-title] Emergency radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Emerg Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. El-Ashaal YI, Al-Olama AK, Abu-Zidan FM: Trans-anal rectal injuries. Singapore Med J; 2008 Jan;49(1):54-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: The diagnosis of trans-anal rectal injuries is usually delayed because of the patient's denial.
  • Injuries were in the anterior rectal wall in seven, in the rectosigmoid junction in three, and in the anorectal region in two patients.
  • Ten patients presented with peritonitis, four were in shock, seven had bleeding per rectum, and two had a weak sphincter.
  • CONCLUSION: Diagnosis of trans-anal rectal injuries is usually delayed because of late presentation.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / injuries. Rectum / injuries. Wounds, Nonpenetrating / diagnosis. Wounds, Penetrating / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18204770.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-5675
  • [Journal-full-title] Singapore medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Singapore Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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33. Cahill RA, Perretta S, Forgione A, Leroy J, Dallemagne B, Marescaux J: Multimedia article. Combined sentinel node biopsy and localized sigmoid resection entirely by natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery: a new challenge to the old paradigm. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Apr;52(4):725

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multimedia article. Combined sentinel node biopsy and localized sigmoid resection entirely by natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery: a new challenge to the old paradigm.
  • METHODS: To perform transluminal endoscopic sentinel node biopsy in the sigmoid mesocolon, a conventional double-channel gastroscope created both the gastrotomy and pneumoperitoneum enabling peritoneoscopy.
  • The sigmoid colon was exposed by an intracolonic magnet under extracorporeal control while intraluminal colonoscopy performed lymphatic mapping via submucosal injection of methylene blue dye.
  • Immediate thereafter localized sigmoidectomy was performed via an additional transcolonic access just above the rectosigmoid junction.
  • CONCLUSION: Oncologically propitious surgery for germinal colonic neoplasia may be encompassed by natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery.
  • This provocative proposal challenges the conventional treatment paradigm for early stage colonic neoplasia although much further validation of the concepts involved is required.
  • [MeSH-major] Colectomy / methods. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Colonic Neoplasms / surgery. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

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  • (PMID = 19404081.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Silvéra L, Galula G, Tiret E, Louvet C, Leroux JL, Trutt B: Assessment of management practices for colonic cancer in the Paris metropolitan area in 2002. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2006 Jun-Jul;30(6-7):852-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the management of patients aged 18 years or older with colonic adenocarcinoma (including the rectosigmoid junction), compared with French guidelines (ANAES and SOR).
  • METHODS: This retrospective study carried out in 2003 by the Ile-de-France regional union of health insurance funds from hospital discharge and operative and pathology reports of patients exempted from copayment between April 2001 and March 2002.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Colon / pathology. Data Collection. Data Interpretation, Statistical. Female. Guideline Adherence. Humans. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / therapy. Paris. Practice Guidelines as Topic. Retrospective Studies. Surveys and Questionnaires

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  • (PMID = 16885869.001).
  • [ISSN] 0399-8320
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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35. Guerriero S, Alcázar JL, Ajossa S, Pilloni M, Melis GB: Three-dimensional sonographic characteristics of deep endometriosis. J Ultrasound Med; 2009 Aug;28(8):1061-6
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  • This additional function, which is associated with TUI, could be particularly useful for evaluation of the extension of a nodule in the rectovaginal septum, the depth of infiltration, and the relationship with the rectosigmoid junction or ureter.

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  • (PMID = 19643789.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-9613
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Abdel-Wahab M, Reis IM, Wu J, Duncan R: Second primary cancer risk of radiation therapy after radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer: an analysis of SEER data. Urology; 2009 Oct;74(4):866-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Competing risk multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was adjusted for age at diagnosis, race or ethnicity, and radiation and was used to evaluate the effect of treatment on SPC.
  • The most frequent pelvic SPCs were bladder (2303 cases), rectum or rectosigmoid junction (1006 cases).

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  • [CommentIn] Urology. 2009 Oct;74(4):871-2; author reply 872 [19800511.001]
  • (PMID = 19628258.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Ambrosini R, Barchiesi A, Di Mizio V, Di Terlizzi M, Leo L, Filippone A, Canalis L, Fossaceca R, Carriero A: Inflammatory chronic disease of the colon: how to image. Eur J Radiol; 2007 Mar;61(3):442-8
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  • Inflammatory bowel disease, including Crohn's disease and UC, is a chronic disorder of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Radiographic imaging studies are useful for the diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease, and may be used to assess the extent and severity of disease, rule out complications, and monitor the response to therapy.
  • The earliest finding of UC is characterized by a fine granular appeareance of the colonic mucosa, usually involving the rectosigmoid junction.

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  • (PMID = 17197146.001).
  • [ISSN] 0720-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 25BB7EKE2E / Barium Sulfate
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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38. Pinedo G, León F, Molina ME, Soto G, López F, Zúñiga A: A novel surgical approach to slow-transit constipation: report of two cases. Dis Colon Rectum; 2008 Jan;51(1):139-41
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  • INTRODUCTION: Slow-transit constipation after proper diagnosis and extensive medical therapy may have a surgical solution.
  • This was performed laparoscopically liberating the cecum and terminal ileum, transecting the terminal ileum through a small suprapubic incision, and anastomosing the terminal ileum to the rectosigmoid junction intracorporeally.
  • [MeSH-major] Constipation / surgery. Ileum / surgery. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18034280.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Maeda T, Tan KY, Konishi F, Tsujinaka S, Mizokami K, Sasaki J, Kawamura YJ: Accelerated learning curve for colorectal resection, open versus laparoscopic approach, can be attained with expert supervision. Surg Endosc; 2010 Nov;24(11):2850-4
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  • METHODS: A review of consecutive patients who underwent surgery for colon and rectosigmoid junction cancers by one trainee surgeon was performed.
  • There were no differences in tumor stage [International Union against Cancer (UICC)] or tumor size (p = 0.068 and 0.228, respectively).

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  • (PMID = 20443123.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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40. Cheung HY, Chung CC, Tsang WW, Wong JC, Yau KK, Li MK: Endolaparoscopic approach vs conventional open surgery in the treatment of obstructing left-sided colon cancer: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Surg; 2009 Dec;144(12):1127-32
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  • PATIENTS: Adult patients with an obstructing tumor between the splenic flexure and rectosigmoid junction.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Length of Stay. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] Arch Surg. 2010 Jun;145(6):601; author reply 601-2 [20566987.001]
  • [CommentIn] Arch Surg. 2009 Dec;144(12):1132 [20030032.001]
  • (PMID = 20026830.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-3644
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00654212
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Nagata K, Endo S, Tatsukawa K, Kudo SE: Double colorectal cancer only diagnosed by computed tomographic colonography. Case Rep Gastroenterol; 2008;2(1):44-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Optical colonoscopy revealed a bulky tumor which was diagnosed as rectal cancer.
  • Slim optical colonoscopy showed an obstructive cancer in the rectosigmoid junction and no information of the proximal side of the obstruction.
  • Diagnosis of synchronous double cancer was made by CT colonography.
  • Laparoscopy-assisted high anterior resection was performed and T3 rectal cancer and T1 sigmoid colon cancer were confirmed in the resected specimen.

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  • [Cites] N Engl J Med. 2000 Jun 15;342(24):1823-4 [10853006.001]
  • [Cites] Radiology. 2002 Jun;223(3):615-9 [12034925.001]
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  • (PMID = 21490837.001).
  • [ISSN] 1662-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Case reports in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Case Rep Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3075165
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Colonography / Colorectal cancer / Computed tomography / Obstruction / Virtual colonoscopy
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42. Kim HJ, Kim AY, Lee CW, Yu CS, Kim JS, Kim PN, Lee MG, Ha HK: Hirschsprung disease and hypoganglionosis in adults: radiologic findings and differentiation. Radiology; 2008 May;247(2):428-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: All patients with lifelong or chronic constipation had a transition zone in the upper part of the rectum or rectosigmoid junction (n = 5) or in the descending colon (n = 5) on the CT scans and the double-contrast barium enema radiographs.
  • CONCLUSION: A markedly dilated proximal colonic segment with a transition zone and a narrowed distal colonic segment on CT and double-contrast barium enema images in conjunction with chronic refractory constipation in an adult should suggest the diagnosis of adult HD or adult HG.
  • The detection of a much higher transition zone ratio may help to establish the diagnosis of HD.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Barium Sulfate. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Enema. Female. Ganglia, Autonomic / pathology. Humans. Iohexol / analogs & derivatives. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Statistics, Nonparametric. Tomography, Spiral Computed

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  • [Copyright] (c) RSNA, 2008.
  • (PMID = 18430875.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1315
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 25BB7EKE2E / Barium Sulfate; 4419T9MX03 / Iohexol; 712BAC33MZ / iopromide
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43. Suomalainen A, Wester T, Koivusalo A, Rintala RJ, Pakarinen MP: Congenital funnel anus in children: associated anomalies, surgical management and outcome. Pediatr Surg Int; 2007 Dec;23(12):1167-70
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  • Six patients underwent excision of a benign presacral teratoma.
  • The level of aganglionosis was at the rectosigmoid junction in two cases and low in the rectum in one.

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  • (PMID = 17929036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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44. Sahin M, Erikoglu M, Ozer S, Tekin A, Boz S, Gölcük M, Avunduk MC, Aköz M: Determination of operation time in colorectal diseases: preoperative chemotherapy application. J Surg Res; 2005 Apr;124(2):209-15
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  • At the end of the sixth cure, 12 rats from the control (Group I), sham (Group II), and chemotherapy groups (Group III) were operated on, and an intestinal transsection was applied to the rectosigmoid junction, followed by one-by-one anastomosis using 5/0 vicryl.

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  • (PMID = 15820250.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4804
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of surgical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Surg. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Serum Albumin; RMB44WO89X / Hydroxyproline; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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45. Weber DC, Wang H, Bouchardy C, Rosset A, Rapiti E, Schmidlin F, Rouzaud M, Miralbell R: Estimated dose to the rectum and colon in prostate cancer patients treated with exclusive radiation therapy presenting a secondary colorectal malignancy. Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol); 2009 Nov;21(9):687-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Estimated dose to the rectum and colon in prostate cancer patients treated with exclusive radiation therapy presenting a secondary colorectal malignancy.
  • To evaluate the dose delivered to the colon and rectum, each individual index patient was matched with a study case and, using the index case treatment characteristics, dose calculations were carried out on the latter.
  • RESULTS: The median maximum, mean and minimum doses delivered to the colon or rectum affected by the sCRC were 39.3 (range 0.2-66.0), 5.4 (range 0.2-41.3) and 0.6 (range 0.2-7.8) Gy, respectively.
  • The differential mean doses given to the rectosigmoid junction and sigmoid colon, with or without sCRC, were not different.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that the administered dose after EBRT for prostate cancer to the colon, excluding the rectum, may be below the Gy unit in sCRC patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / radiation effects. Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Rectum / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 19541463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-2981
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical oncology (Royal College of Radiologists (Great Britain))
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Oncol (R Coll Radiol)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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46. East JE, Suzuki N, Arebi N, Bassett P, Saunders BP: Position changes improve visibility during colonoscope withdrawal: a randomized, blinded, crossover trial. Gastrointest Endosc; 2007 Feb;65(2):263-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Adequate distension is essential to maximize neoplasia detection during colonoscope withdrawal.
  • INTERVENTIONS: Videotaped, back-to-back examination of colon proximal to rectosigmoid junction in left lateral position only, then with position changes: left lateral for the cecum to the hepatic flexure, supine for the transverse colon, and right lateral for the splenic flexure and the descending colon, or vice versa.
  • A score of 2 or less was considered inadequate for diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Position change, a cost-neutral intervention, during colonoscope withdrawal improved luminal distension between hepatic flexure and sigmoid-descending junction and has the potential to reduce adenoma and early cancer miss rates.

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  • [CommentIn] Gastrointest Endosc. 2007 Feb;65(2):270-1 [17141776.001]
  • (PMID = 17141772.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Rouzrokh M, Khaleghnejad AT, Mohejerzadeh L, Heydari A, Molaei H: What is the most common complication after one-stage transanal pull-through in infants with Hirschsprung's disease? Pediatr Surg Int; 2010 Oct;26(10):967-70
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  • In 80% cases, rectosigmoid junction is involved.
  • A Swenson-like procedure was performed and the anastomosis was done between the well blood supply ganglionic colon and the rectum at 1 cm above dentate line.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Radiography, Abdominal. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20632018.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-9813
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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48. Dhamanaskar KP, Thurston W, Wilson SR: Transvaginal sonography as an adjunct to endorectal sonography in the staging of rectal cancer in women. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2006 Jul;187(1):90-8
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  • Forty-nine of the women had rectal carcinoma; nine, tubulovillous adenoma; and two, gastrointestinal stromal tumor confirmed at surgical pathologic examination (n = 41) and biopsy before chemoradiation therapy (n = 19).
  • Images from TVS and endorectal sonography were shown independently to two blinded reviewers, who staged the tumors and assessed examination adequacy for tumor presence, size, and depth and nodal status.
  • RESULTS: All tumors were seen with Tvs. In 30 of the 49 rectal carcinomas confirmed at surgical pathologic examination TVS tumor staging was accurate in 25 (83.3%) of the cases.
  • Endorectal sonography was suboptimal for tumors that were stenotic (n = 3), large (n = 2), high at the rectosigmoid junction (n = 4), or low at the anal canal (n = 3).

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  • (PMID = 16794161.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Liu SH, Liu YF, Liou SH, Lin YL, Hsiao YC, Chen CC, Li CY, Wu TN: Mortality and cancer incidence among physicians of traditional Chinese medicine: a 20-year national follow-up study. Occup Environ Med; 2010 Mar;67(3):166-9
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  • The study cohort also had a significantly reduced SIR (80, 95% CI 71 to 90) for all cancers, and for neoplasm of rectum, rectosigmoid junction, and anus (SIR=45), female breast (SIR=30) and cervix uteri (SIR=10).
  • On the other hand, we noted that physicians of TCM suffered from a significantly increased SIR for neoplasm of liver and intrahepatic bile ducts (SIR=151, 95% CI 116 to 192) and of bladder cancer (SIR=259, 95% CI 167 to 382).
  • Nonetheless, reasons truly responsible for significantly increased risks of liver and bladder neoplasm among physicians of TCM warrant further investigations.

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  • (PMID = 20223844.001).
  • [ISSN] 1470-7926
  • [Journal-full-title] Occupational and environmental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Occup Environ Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drugs, Chinese Herbal
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50. Clemente G, Chiarla C, Giovannini I, De Rose AM, Astone A, Barone C, Nuzzo G: Gas in portal circulation and pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis during chemotherapy for advanced rectal cancer. Curr Med Res Opin; 2010 Mar;26(3):707-11
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  • We describe a patient with acute abdominal symptoms and evidence of PCI with PBG under cetuximab, oxaliplatin, tegafur-uracil and folinic acid chemotherapy for metastatic adenocarcinoma of the rectosigmoid junction.

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  • (PMID = 20078321.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-4877
  • [Journal-full-title] Current medical research and opinion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Med Res Opin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / Gases; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; 04ZR38536J / oxaliplatin; 1548R74NSZ / Tegafur; PQX0D8J21J / Cetuximab; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin
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51. Motycka V, Ferko A, Tycová V, Nikolov H, Sotona O, Cecka F, Dusek T, Chobola M, Pospísil I: [Numbers of lymph nodes in large intestinal resections for colorectal carcinoma]. Rozhl Chir; 2010 Mar;89(3):198-201
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In tumours of the sigmoid colon (C187) 9.1 (+/- 6.9) lymph nodes were examined in 2005,and 15.4 (+/- 7.9) in 2008.
  • In tumours of the rectosigmoid junction (C19) 8.0 (+/- 6.9) lymph nodes were examined in 2005, and 17.8 (+/- 11.2) in 2008.

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  • (PMID = 20514917.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Rozhledy v chirurgii : měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rozhl Chir
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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52. Vargas C, Martinez A, Kestin LL, Yan D, Grills I, Brabbins DS, Lockman DM, Liang J, Gustafson GS, Chen PY, Vicini FA, Wong JW: Dose-volume analysis of predictors for chronic rectal toxicity after treatment of prostate cancer with adaptive image-guided radiotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2005 Aug 1;62(5):1297-308
ClinicalTrials.gov. clinical trials - ClinicalTrials.gov .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • For each case, the rectum (rectal solid) was contoured from the sacroiliac joints or rectosigmoid junction (whichever was higher) to the anal verge or ischial tuberosities (whichever was lower), with a median volume of 81.2 cc.
  • The volume of rectum or rectal wall radiated to > or =50 Gy was a strong predictor for chronic rectal toxicity.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In our ART dose escalation study, rectal wall or rectum relative > or =V50 are closely predictive for chronic rectal toxicity.
  • [MeSH-major] Prostatic Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiation Injuries / etiology. Rectum / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 16029785.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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53. Farag M, Saklani A, N NN, Masoud A: The Red Rectum (Carpet villous adenoma of the rectum). J Surg Case Rep; 2010;2010(10):10

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The Red Rectum (Carpet villous adenoma of the rectum).
  • Carpeted villous adenomas of rectum may be extensive and not suitable for transanal excision or Endoscopic mucosal resection.
  • We present a case of such lesion extending from anorectal junction to rectosigmoid region.

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  • [Copyright] © JSCR.
  • (PMID = 24945847.001).
  • [ISSN] 2042-8812
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3649181
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54. Ikapischke M, Tepel J, Pai M, Schulz T: Sigmoid perforation by compressed carbon dioxide. Scand J Gastroenterol; 2005 Mar;40(3):356-9
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Carbon dioxide .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sigmoid perforation by compressed carbon dioxide.
  • This is a report of a 35-year-old patient with disruption of the recto-sigmoid junction caused by carbon dioxide (CO2) originating from a bottle of sparkling wine, which was introduced transanally for sexual stimulation.
  • The patient underwent resection of the recto-sigmoid junction and primary anastomosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Accidents, Home. Barotrauma / complications. Carbon Dioxide / adverse effects. Colon, Sigmoid / injuries. Sigmoid Diseases / etiology

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  • (PMID = 15932178.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 142M471B3J / Carbon Dioxide
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55. Naidu LS, Jobling JC: Chronic colonic perforation in pseudomyxoma peritonei. Br J Radiol; 2007 May;80(953):e94-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We report a patient with pseudomyxoma perotonei who had perforation at the recto-sigmoid junction into a large mucinous cyst adjacent to the sigmoid colon.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Perforation / radiography. Peritoneal Neoplasms / radiography. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / radiography. Rectal Diseases / radiography. Sigmoid Diseases / radiography

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  • (PMID = 17638839.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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56. Dafnis G: Repeated coaxial colonic stenting in the palliative management of benign colonic obstruction. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2007 Jan;19(1):83-6
ClinicalTrials.gov. clinical trials - ClinicalTrials.gov .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Repeated coaxial colonic stenting in the palliative management of benign colonic obstruction.
  • We describe a case of an unfit patient with pulmonary malignancy having a Crohn's stricture of the recto-sigmoid junction in which repeated coaxial placement of self-expanding metallic stents eliminated the need to perform an operation.

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  • (PMID = 17206082.001).
  • [ISSN] 0954-691X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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57. Jobé J, Ghuysen A, Meunier P, D'Orio V: [Epiploic appendagitis, an ignored diagnosis]. Rev Med Liege; 2009 Jul-Aug;64(7-8):382-5
ORBi (University of Liege). Free full Text at ORBi .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Epiploic appendagitis, an ignored diagnosis].
  • These small masses of fat distributed along the colon, from the caecum to the recto-sigmoid junction can inflammate by torsion, spontaneously or secondarily with the inflammation of an anatomical structure in the neighbourhood.
  • Symptomatology may mimic retro-caecal appendicitis or diverticulitis and the diagnosis by CT avoids unnecessary surgery or hospitalization.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / pathology. Colitis / diagnosis. Colon, Descending / pathology. Torsion Abnormality / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Adult. Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Ibuprofen / therapeutic use. Peritoneum. Risk Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19777916.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-629X
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue médicale de Liège
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Liege
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; WK2XYI10QM / Ibuprofen
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58. Chuang LC, Chen HC, You SL, Lin CY, Pan MH, Chou YC, Hsieh CY, Chen CJ: Association between human papillomavirus and adenocarcinoma of rectum and recto-sigmoid junction: a cohort study of 10,612 women in Taiwan. Cancer Causes Control; 2010 Dec;21(12):2123-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Association between human papillomavirus and adenocarcinoma of rectum and recto-sigmoid junction: a cohort study of 10,612 women in Taiwan.
  • This study aimed at assessing the association between the type-specific human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and the risk of adenocarcinoma of the rectum and recto-sigmoid junction.
  • Newly developed adenocarcinomas of rectum and recto-sigmoid junction were ascertained through computerized linkage with national cancer registry profiles.
  • An increased risk of adenocarcinomas of the rectum and recto-sigmoid junction was observed with HPV infection, showing a hazard ratio [HR] (95% confidence interval [CI]) of 1.99 (0.98-4.04) after adjustment for age and body mass index.
  • Women with cervical infection of HPV types other than 6 and 11 at study entry may have an increased risk of adenocarcinomas of the rectum and recto-sigmoid junction, which deserves further validation by large-scale studies.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Algorithms. Alphapapillomavirus / physiology. Cohort Studies. Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Rectum / pathology. Taiwan / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20721617.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7225
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer causes & control : CCC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Causes Control
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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59. Solligård E, Wahba A, Skogvoll E, Stenseth R, Grønbech JE, Aadahl P: Rectal lactate levels in endoluminal microdialysate during routine coronary surgery. Anaesthesia; 2007 Mar;62(3):250-8
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. LACTIC ACID .

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  • A microdialysis catheter for continuous lactate, glycerol, glucose and pyruvate measurements attached to a tonometric catheter was placed into the lumen of the recto-sigmoid junction prior to surgery in 13 patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB).
  • [MeSH-major] Coronary Artery Bypass. Lactic Acid / metabolism. Microdialysis / methods. Monitoring, Intraoperative / methods. Rectum / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17300302.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-2409
  • [Journal-full-title] Anaesthesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anaesthesia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 33X04XA5AT / Lactic Acid
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60. Ellis R, Smith A, Wilson S, Warmington S, Ismail T: The prevalence of erectile dysfunction in post-treatment colorectal cancer patients and their interests in seeking treatment: a cross-sectional survey in the west-midlands. J Sex Med; 2010 Apr;7(4 Pt 1):1488-96
NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a recognized complication of colorectal cancer treatment, particularly if surgery is below the recto-sigmoid junction (RSJ), and is an important quality-of-life issue.


61. Ismail M, Gabr K, Shalaby R: Laparoscopic management of persistent complete rectal prolapse in children. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Mar;45(3):533-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Pelvic Support Problems.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • All cases (n = 40) showed a redundant rectosigmoid junction.
  • [MeSH-major] Fecal Incontinence / diagnosis. Proctoscopy / methods. Rectal Prolapse / diagnosis. Rectal Prolapse / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Cohort Studies. Electromyography / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laparoscopy / methods. Male. Postoperative Complications / physiopathology. Rectum / surgery. Recurrence. Reference Values. Reoperation. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Severity of Illness Index. Surgical Mesh. Suture Techniques. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20223316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Pericoli Ridolfini M, Sofo L, Di Giorgio A, Gourgiotis S, Di Miceli D, Alfieri S, Doglietto GB: [Late complication after colon self-expandable metal stent placement: a case report]. Minerva Chir; 2007 Feb;62(1):69-72
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Intestinal Obstruction.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The previous experience in the benign biliary stenosis allowed the extension of using the metallic stents also for the treatment of benign colorectal diseases (diverticular occlusion, anastomotic strictures, colonic endometriosis).
  • The diagnosis was a late rectosigmoid junction perforation by stent placement.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon, Sigmoid / injuries. Colonic Diseases / surgery. Intestinal Obstruction / surgery. Intestinal Perforation / etiology. Rectum / injuries. Stents / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 17287698.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4733
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Chir
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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63. Byun YH, Park YS, Myung SJ, Eom WY, Choi WW, Kim TH, Jo YJ, Kim SH, Song MH: [Transient intestinal obstruction due to stool impaction in the elderly]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2005 Sep;46(3):211-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • On digital rectal examination, the hard feces was palpable in only 8 patients (42%) while others showed empty rectum.
  • In only 3 patients (16%) air-fluid levels were definite, but most patients showed abundant feces in the rectum and colon.
  • During emergency sigmoidoscopy, abdominal pain and distension were relieved and there were Bristol type 1 hard stool in the recto-sigmoid junction in 7 patients (37%) and multiple rectal ulcers in 1 patient.

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  • (PMID = 16179841.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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64. Fujishiro M, Yahagi N, Kakushima N, Kodashima S, Ichinose M, Omata M: Successful endoscopic en bloc resection of a large laterally spreading tumor in the rectosigmoid junction by endoscopic submucosal dissection. Gastrointest Endosc; 2006 Jan;63(1):178-83

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Successful endoscopic en bloc resection of a large laterally spreading tumor in the rectosigmoid junction by endoscopic submucosal dissection.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Sigmoid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16377346.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Lesur G, Bourgault I, Longvert C, El Hajjam M, Dubreuil O, Julié C, Saiag P, Clerici T: [Rectosigmoid junction metastasis from melanoma: a case report]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2009 Jan;33(1 Pt 1):93-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Rectosigmoid junction metastasis from melanoma: a case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Métastase d'un mélanome au niveau de la jonction rectosigmoïdienne: à propos d'un cas.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / secondary. Sigmoid Neoplasms / secondary. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18678451.001).
  • [ISSN] 0399-8320
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] France
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