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1. Eide MJ, Weinstock MA, Dufresne RG Jr, Neelagaru S, Risica P, Burkholder GJ, Upegui D, Phillips KA, Armstrong BK, Robinson-Bostom L: Relationship of treatment delay with surgical defect size from keratinocyte carcinoma (basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin). J Invest Dermatol; 2005 Feb;124(2):308-14
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  • [Title] Relationship of treatment delay with surgical defect size from keratinocyte carcinoma (basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin).
  • Larger keratinocyte carcinoma (KC) lesions are associated with higher morbidity.

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  • (PMID = 15675948.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-202X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of investigative dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Invest. Dermatol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / K24 MH063975; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078800; United States / AHRQ HHS / HS / T32 HS000011; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 78800
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS12744; NLM/ PMC1613794
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2. Baker SH, Roy M, Thornton SC, Qureshi M, Binns C: Probing atomic structure in magnetic core/shell nanoparticles using synchrotron radiation. J Phys Condens Matter; 2010 Sep 29;22(38):385301
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  • For Fe/Cu nanoparticles, a Cu shell ∼ 20 monolayers thick appears similar in structure to bulk Cu and is sufficient to cause the structure in the Fe core to switch from body centred cubic (bcc; as in bulk Fe) to face centred cubic.
  • This is not the case for thinner Cu shells, 1-2 monolayers in thickness, in which there is a considerable contraction in nearest-neighbour interatomic distance as the shell structure changes to bcc.
  • In Fe/Au nanoparticles, the crystal structure in the Fe core remains bcc for all Au thicknesses although there is some stretching of the lattice.

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. IRON, ELEMENTAL .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. COPPER, ELEMENTAL .
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  • (PMID = 21386550.001).
  • [ISSN] 1361-648X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Phys Condens Matter
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 7440-57-5 / Gold; 789U1901C5 / Copper; E1UOL152H7 / Iron
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3. Limtong S, Kaewwichian R, Am-In S, Boonmak C, Jindamorakot S, Yongmanitchai W, Srisuk N, Kawasaki H, Nakase T: Three anamorphic yeast species Candida sanitii sp. nov., Candida sekii sp. nov. and Candida suwanaritii, three novel yeasts in the Saturnispora clade isolated in Thailand. FEMS Yeast Res; 2010 Feb;10(1):114-22
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  • The type strain is RV152(T) (BCC 25967(T)=NBRC 103864(T)=CBS 10864(T)).
  • The type strain is EA1(T) (BCC 29900(T)=NBRC 104877(T)=CBS 11021(T)).
  • The type strain is ST84(T) (BCC 8320(T)=NBRC 105671(T)=CBS 10931(T)).

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  • (PMID = 19765089.001).
  • [ISSN] 1567-1364
  • [Journal-full-title] FEMS yeast research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] FEMS Yeast Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ AB332397/ AB332399/ AB332401/ AB332402/ AB332403/ AB439256/ AB495287/ AB495288/ DQ404448
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Fungal; 0 / DNA, Ribosomal Spacer
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4. Shome D, Bell D, Esmaeli B: Eyelid carcinoma in patients with systemic lymphoma. J Ophthalmic Vis Res; 2010 Jan;5(1):38-43
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  • [Title] Eyelid carcinoma in patients with systemic lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE: To describe a series of patients with Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and concomitant eyelid carcinoma.
  • METHODS: In this non-comparative interventional case series, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 5 patients with NHL who developed eyelid carcinoma.
  • Systemic lymphoma had been diagnosed 1 to 72 months prior to development of the eyelid carcinoma.
  • The lesions were basal cell carcinoma in three, and squamous cell carcinoma in two cases.
  • Four patients underwent surgical excision of the carcinoma and one patient was awaiting surgical treatment after completing systemic chemotherapy.
  • Three subjects had high-grade carcinomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Systemic lymphoma may be associated with aggressive eyelid carcinomas.

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  • (PMID = 22737325.001).
  • [ISSN] 2008-2010
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ophthalmic & vision research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ophthalmic Vis Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3380669
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Eyelid Cancer / Immunosuppression / Squamous Cell Carcinoma / Systemic Lymphoma
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5. Madey TE, Chen W, Wang H, Kaghazchi P, Jacob T: Nanoscale surface chemistry over faceted substrates: structure, reactivity and nanotemplates. Chem Soc Rev; 2008 Oct;37(10):2310-27
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  • Planar metal surfaces that are rough on the atomic scale, such as bcc W(111), fcc Ir(210) and hcp Re(1231), are morphologically unstable when covered by monolayer films of oxygen, or by certain other gases or metals, becoming "nanotextured" when heated to temperatures above approximately 700 K.

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  • (PMID = 18818829.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-0012
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemical Society reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chem Soc Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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6. Shivakumar D, Deng Y, Roux B: Computations of Absolute Solvation Free Energies of Small Molecules Using Explicit and Implicit Solvent Model. J Chem Theory Comput; 2009 Apr 14;5(4):919-30
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  • Because of the crucial role of electrostatics in solvation free energy, the results from various commonly used charge generation models based on the semiempirical (AM1-BCC) and QM calculations [charge fitting using ChelpG and RESP] are compared.

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  • (PMID = 26609601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-9618
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of chemical theory and computation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chem Theory Comput
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Apaydin R, Gürbüz Y, Bayramgürler D, Bilen N: Cytokeratin contents of basal cell carcinoma, epidermis overlying tumour, and associated stromal amyloidosis: an immunohistochemical study. Amyloid; 2005 Mar;12(1):41-7
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  • [Title] Cytokeratin contents of basal cell carcinoma, epidermis overlying tumour, and associated stromal amyloidosis: an immunohistochemical study.
  • We investigated the expression of CKs immunohistochemically in basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), epidermis overlying tumour, and skin tumor-associated amyloidosis (STA).
  • Twenty cases of BCC, 11 of which had STA were included to the study.
  • In BCCs without STA, CK1-8, CK14 and CK17 antibodies were expressed by tumour tissue in all biopsy specimens.
  • In the BCCs with STA, tumour tissue was immunoreactive always with CK1-8 and CK17 antibodies, and commonly immunoreactive with anti-CK 14 antibody.
  • In conclusion, we could not find a significant CK expression difference between BCCs with and without STA.
  • Weak positivity and a few number of CKs were shown in STA when compared with those of BCC and epidermis overlying tumour tissue expressing the more variable CKs.
  • [MeSH-major] Amyloidosis / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. Epidermis / metabolism. Keratins / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. Stromal Cells / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16076610.001).
  • [ISSN] 1350-6129
  • [Journal-full-title] Amyloid : the international journal of experimental and clinical investigation : the official journal of the International Society of Amyloidosis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Amyloid
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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8. Nan H, Kraft P, Hunter DJ, Han J: Genetic variants in pigmentation genes, pigmentary phenotypes, and risk of skin cancer in Caucasians. Int J Cancer; 2009 Aug 15;125(4):909-17
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  • [Title] Genetic variants in pigmentation genes, pigmentary phenotypes, and risk of skin cancer in Caucasians.
  • Although a large number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been identified in pigmentation genes, very few SNPs have been examined in relation to human pigmentary phenotypes and skin cancer risk.
  • We evaluated the associations between 15 SNPs in 8 candidate pigmentation genes (TYR, TYRP1, OCA2, SLC24A5, SLC45A2, POMC, ASIP and ATRN) and both pigmentary phenotypes (hair color, skin color and tanning ability) and skin cancer risk in a nested case-control study of Caucasians within the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) among 218 melanoma cases, 285 squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cases, 300 basal cell carcinoma (BCC) cases and 870 common controls.
  • We found that the TYR Arg402Gln variant was significantly associated with skin color (p-value = 7.7 x 10(-4)) and tanning ability (p-value = 7.3 x 10(-4)); the SLC45A2 Phe374Leu variant was significantly associated with hair color (black to blonde) (p-value = 2.4 x 10(-7)), skin color (p-value = 1.1 x 10(-7)) and tanning ability (p-value = 2.5 x 10(-4)).
  • No significant associations were found between these polymorphisms and the risk of skin cancer.
  • The OCA2 Arg419Gln and ASIP g.8818 A>G were associated with BCC risk (OR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.06-2.13 and OR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.53-1.00, respectively).
  • The haplotype near ASIP (rs4911414[T] and rs1015362[G]) was significantly associated with fair skin color (OR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.46-3.57) as well as the risks of melanoma (OR, 1.68; 95% CI, 1.18-2.39) and SCC (OR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.08-2.19).
  • Our study provides evidence for the contribution of pigmentation genetic variants, in addition to the MC1R variants, to variation in human pigmentary phenotypes and possibly the development of skin cancer.

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  • (PMID = 19384953.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0215
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA132175-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA132175; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA128080-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA128080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA132175; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA128080-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA132175-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA128080
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ASIP protein, human; 0 / ATRN protein, human; 0 / Agouti Signaling Protein; 0 / Antiporters; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Membrane Transport Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / OCA2 protein, human; 0 / SLC24A5 protein, human; 0 / SLC44A2 protein, human; EC 1.- / Oxidoreductases; EC 1.14.18.- / TYRP1 protein, human; EC 3.4.- / Proprotein Convertases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS92488; NLM/ PMC2700213
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9. Kritz-Silverstein D, Schneider DL, Sandwell J: Breast cancer and bone mass in older women: is bone density prescreening for mammography useful? Osteoporos Int; 2006;17(8):1196-201
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  • [Title] Breast cancer and bone mass in older women: is bone density prescreening for mammography useful?
  • This case-control study compares BMD at multiple sites in women with and without breast cancer to determine if BMD prescreening is useful in selecting women for continued screening mammograms.
  • METHODS: Women diagnosed with breast cancer in the preceding 4 months and age-matched controls (+/-2 years) with a normal mammogram, all aged 65 years and older, were recruited on a 1:2 basis; 237 women participated: 79 women (cases) with breast cancer and 158 controls.
  • RESULTS: Among women with breast cancer, 17.1% had stage 0, 41.5% stage I, 40.0% stage II, and 1.4% stage III.
  • Women with breast cancer had larger waist circumferences (p=0.002) and waist-hip ratios (p=0.01), and they exercised less (p=0.002) than women of the control group.
  • However, there were no differences between the cases and controls for age, obesity, and reproductive and menopausal history variables, or other covariates (p>0.10).
  • There were no differences in lumbar spine, total hip, femoral neck, midshaft radius, or total body BMD (p>0.10), although the cases had higher BMD at the ultradistal radius than the controls (means: 0.527 vs. 0.516, respectively; p=0.014).
  • There were no differences in breast cancer risk by tertile of BMD or osteoporosis status at the hip or spine.
  • CONCLUSION: There is little difference in BMD between women with and without breast cancer.
  • BMD is not useful as a prescreening predicator of mammography in older women and using it as such would result in cases of breast cancer being missed.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Density. Breast Neoplasms / etiology. Mammography
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Exercise. Female. Humans. Risk Factors. Vitamin D / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 16699738.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-941X
  • [Journal-full-title] Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Osteoporos Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR00827
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 1406-16-2 / Vitamin D
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10. Qing Y, Cen Y, Wang H, Liu Y: [Surgical treatment of scalp malignant tumor]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Jan;22(1):59-62
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  • [Title] [Surgical treatment of scalp malignant tumor].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of different surgical methods in treating scalp malignant tumors.
  • METHODS: From January 1995 to September 2004, 70 patients with scalp malignant tumor were treated with different surgical methods.
  • The course of disease ranged from 2 weeks to 3 years (mean 3.5 months).
  • There were 31 cases of basal cell carcinoma, 24 cases of squamous carcinoma, 8 cases of melanocarcinoma, 4 cases of fibrous sarcoma, 2 cases of liposarcoma, and 1 case of vasculosarcoma.
  • Defect was repaired withfree skin transplantation in 51 cases, scalp flap in 12 cases, cervico-shoulder flap in 2 cases, trapizius myocutaneous flap in 3 cases, and radial artery retro-island flap in 2 cases.
  • RESULTS: Of 70 cases, 67 skin flaps survived and incision healed by first intention; 2 flaps necrosed at distal part (< 1 cm) and healed by second intention after dressing change; 1 flap infected and was treated with symptomatic medication.
  • Fifty-five patients were followed up for 1 to 5 years and 5 cases had tumor recurrence.
  • In patients receiving skin transplantation, 1 case of squamous carcinoma and 1 case of fibrous sarcoma relapsed after 1 year and 2.5 years respectively and were given radical resection and skin flap grafting; in patients receiving skin flap grafting, 1 case of vasculosarcoma and 1 case of squamous carcinoma relapsed after 6 months and 3 months respectively, and gave up treatment; 1 case of fibrous sarcoma relapsed after 2 years and was given radical resection and skin flap grafting.
  • The other cases survived and had no tumor recurrence.
  • CONCLUSION: Scalp malignant tumors should be diagnosised and treated as early as possible.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 18361240.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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11. Bridges MN, Doval M: Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal. Dermatol Online J; 2009;15(2):13
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  • [Title] Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal.
  • Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) along with basal cell carcinoma (BCC), collectively known as Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), are the most common cancers in the United States.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin is less common than BCC, but is known to be more aggressive with a higher mortality rate.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal (EAC) is rare when compared to SCC on other cutaneous sites.
  • This is a case of a 76-year-old man who initially presented with actinic keratosis of the EAC that died in just over a year from metastatic cutaneous SCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Ear Canal. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Otologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Fatal Outcome. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Risk Assessment. Surgical Flaps. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome


12. Jackson JE, Dickie GJ, Wiltshire KL, Keller J, Tripcony L, Poulsen MG, Hughes M, Allison RW, Martin JM: Radiotherapy for perineural invasion in cutaneous head and neck carcinomas: toward a risk-adapted treatment approach. Head Neck; 2009 May;31(5):604-10
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  • [Title] Radiotherapy for perineural invasion in cutaneous head and neck carcinomas: toward a risk-adapted treatment approach.
  • BACKGROUND: We retrospectively reviewed outcomes in patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) for cutaneous head and neck carcinoma with perineural invasion (PNI), with the aim of developing risk-adapted treatment guidelines.
  • The pPNI and cPNI groups also differed in relapse-free survival (76% vs 46%, p = .003), disease-specific survival (90% vs 76%, p = .002), and overall survival (69% vs 57%, p = .03).
  • pPNI patients with BCC histology (n = 42) had better LC (97% vs 84%, p = .02) than pPNI SCC (n = 55).
  • CONCLUSION: Surgery plus RT provides a high rate of LC in patients with pPNI, particularly those with BCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Head and Neck Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Peripheral Nerves / pathology. Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Skin Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment


13. de Villiers EM, Sandstrom RE, zur Hausen H, Buck CE: Presence of papillomavirus sequences in condylomatous lesions of the mamillae and in invasive carcinoma of the breast. Breast Cancer Res; 2005;7(1):R1-11
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  • [Title] Presence of papillomavirus sequences in condylomatous lesions of the mamillae and in invasive carcinoma of the breast.
  • BACKGROUND: Viruses including Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a human equivalent of murine mammary tumour virus (MMTV) and human papillomavirus (HPV) have been implicated in the aetiology of human breast cancer.
  • We report the presence of HPV DNA sequences in areolar tissue and tumour tissue samples from female patients with breast carcinoma.
  • The presence of virus in the areolar-nipple complex suggests to us a potential pathogenic mechanism.
  • METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was undertaken to amplify HPV types in areolar and tumour tissue from breast cancer cases.
  • RESULTS: Papillomavirus DNA was present in 25 of 29 samples of breast carcinoma and in 20 of 29 samples from the corresponding mamilla.
  • The most prevalent type in both carcinomas and nipples was HPV 11, followed by HPV 6.
  • Other types detected were HPV 16, 23, 27 and 57 (nipples and carcinomas), HPV 20, 21, 32, 37, 38, 66 and GA3-1 (nipples only) and HPV 3, 15, 24, 87 and DL473 (carcinomas only).
  • Multiple types were demonstrated in seven carcinomas and ten nipple samples.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The data demonstrate the occurrence of HPV in nipple and areolar tissues in patients with breast carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / virology. Carcinoma / virology. Nipples / virology. Papillomaviridae / genetics. Papillomaviridae / pathogenicity

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  • (PMID = 15642157.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-542X
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast cancer research : BCR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1064094
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14. Beatty JD, Atwood M, Tickman R, Reiner M: Metaplastic breast cancer: clinical significance. Am J Surg; 2006 May;191(5):657-64
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  • [Title] Metaplastic breast cancer: clinical significance.
  • BACKGROUND: Metaplastic breast carcinoma (MBC) is a rare poorly differentiated breast cancer characterized by coexistence of ductal carcinoma with areas of matrix producing, spindle-cell, sarcomatous, or squamous differentiation; ER/PR/HER2 negativity; and a reputation for poor outcome.
  • METHODS: The Swedish Cancer Institute prospective breast cancer database (> 6500 patients; 1990-2005) has 24 MBC cases that were compared with typical breast cancer cases matched for age, date of diagnosis, stage, and ER/PR/HER2 status.
  • The histological/nuclear grade was high in 21 of 24 cases.
  • ER and/or PR receptor status was negative in all cases.
  • HER2 was negative in 10 of 11 cases tested.
  • EGFR (HER1) was positive in 7 of 7 cases tested.
  • Four patients had distant recurrences 5 to 88 months from diagnosis.
  • Comparison with matched typical breast cancer cases revealed no major significant difference in multidisciplinary treatment patterns, recurrence, or survival.
  • CONCLUSION: MBC is associated with poor prognostic indicators, but outcomes comparable with matched typical breast cancer cases can be achieved with routine aggressive multidisciplinary care.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Prospective Studies. Risk Factors. Survival Rate. Sweden / epidemiology


15. Suomela S, Elomaa O, Skoog T, Ala-aho R, Jeskanen L, Pärssinen J, Latonen L, Grénman R, Kere J, Kähäri VM, Saarialho-Kere U: CCHCR1 is up-regulated in skin cancer and associated with EGFR expression. PLoS One; 2009;4(6):e6030
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  • [Title] CCHCR1 is up-regulated in skin cancer and associated with EGFR expression.
  • Despite chronic inflammation, psoriatic lesions hardly ever progress to skin cancer.
  • As CCHCR1 is expressed in certain cancers and regulates keratinocyte (KC) proliferation in a transgenic mouse model, we studied its relation to proliferation in cutaneous squamous cell cancer (SCC) cell lines by expression arrays and quantitative RT-PCR and in skin tumors by immunohistochemistry.
  • CCHCR1 protein was detected in the pushing border of SCC and lining basal cell carcinoma islands.
  • The most aggressive and invasive tumor cell lines (RT3, FaDu) expressed CCHCR1 mRNA less than non-tumorigenic HaCaT cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / physiology. Psoriasis / metabolism. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / biosynthesis. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. Up-Regulation
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation. Humans. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Inflammation. Ki-67 Antigen / biosynthesis. Lymphocytes / metabolism. Models, Biological. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


16. Syeed N, Husain SA, Abdullah S, Sameer AS, Chowdri NA, Nanda MS, Siddiqi MA: Mutational profile of the CAV-1 gene in breast cancer cases in the ethnic Kashmiri population. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2010;11(4):1099-105
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  • [Title] Mutational profile of the CAV-1 gene in breast cancer cases in the ethnic Kashmiri population.
  • The role of caveolae and the caveolin proteins in cancer has been the subject of extensive research.
  • It has been suggested that Caveolin-1 may contribute to certain steps of carcinogenesis in various types of cancer.
  • Therefore in our study we focused on the potential clinical relevance of Caveolin-1 in 130 malignant breast tissue specimens along with their adjacent normal tissues.
  • Caveolin-1 was identified in a screen for genes involved in breast cancer progression and we demonstrated 29.2% mutational status in our Kashmiri ethnic population.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Breast Neoplasms, Male / genetics. Caveolin 1 / genetics

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  • (PMID = 21133631.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Caveolin 1; 0 / Codon, Nonsense
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17. Zemelman V, Silva P, Sazunic I: Basal cell carcinoma: analysis of regression after incomplete excision. Clin Exp Dermatol; 2009 Oct;34(7):e425
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  • [Title] Basal cell carcinoma: analysis of regression after incomplete excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous. Neoplasm, Residual. Reoperation

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  • (PMID = 19686288.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2230
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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18. Kunte C, Konz B: [Current recommendations in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin]. Hautarzt; 2007 May;58(5):419-26
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  • [Title] [Current recommendations in the treatment of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin].
  • [Transliterated title] Aktuelle Therapieempfehlungen für das Basalzellkarzinom und Plattenepithelkarzinom der Haut.
  • The incidence of the most common tumors of the skin, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, has risen rapidly in recent years.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm, Residual / pathology. Neoplasm, Residual / radiotherapy. Neoplasm, Residual / surgery. Prognosis. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Skin / pathology. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 17443305.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-8470
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hautarzt
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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19. Terada T: Pigmented Bowen disease arising in pigmented reticulated seborrheic keratosis. Int J Clin Oncol; 2010 Dec;15(6):608-10
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  • [Title] Pigmented Bowen disease arising in pigmented reticulated seborrheic keratosis.
  • A clinical diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma was made, and an excision with wide margins was performed.
  • An aggregate of atypical cells regarded as malignant cells was present in the center.
  • Numerous dendritic melanocytes were recognized in the malignant lesion.
  • Immunohistochemically, strong p53 expression was present in all malignant cells, and the malignant cells showed a high Ki-67 labeling of 60%.
  • This case suggests that pigmented Bowen disease can arise in pigmented reticulated seborrheic keratosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bowen's Disease / etiology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / complications. Keratosis, Seborrheic / complications. Skin Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20425131.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-7772
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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20. Leibovitch I, Huilgol SC, Selva D, Richards S, Paver R: Cutaneous squamous carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease): treatment with Mohs micrographic surgery. J Am Acad Dermatol; 2005 Jun;52(6):997-1002
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  • [Title] Cutaneous squamous carcinoma in situ (Bowen's disease): treatment with Mohs micrographic surgery.
  • BACKGROUND: Bowen's disease (BD), also known as squamous intraepidermal carcinoma, is a malignant skin tumor with a potential to progress to invasive carcinoma.
  • METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, case series included all patients in Australia treated with MMS for BD, who were monitored by the Skin and Cancer Foundation between 1993 and 2002.
  • RESULTS: There were 270 cases; the majority (93.4%) were located in the head and neck area.
  • In 50.7% of cases it was a recurrent tumor.
  • In 20% the tumor was initially misdiagnosed as basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma.
  • No cases with perineural invasion were diagnosed.
  • There were 6 cases of recurrence (6.3%) of 95 patients who completed a 5-year follow-up period after MMS.
  • [MeSH-major] Bowen's Disease / surgery. Mohs Surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15928618.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6787
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Krahl D, Sellheyer K: Monoclonal antibody Ber-EP4 reliably discriminates between microcystic adnexal carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Oct;34(10):782-7
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  • [Title] Monoclonal antibody Ber-EP4 reliably discriminates between microcystic adnexal carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma.
  • It is diagnostically highly reliable in the differentiation between basal cell carcinoma and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma.
  • In this study, we report its application in the differential diagnosis of microcystic adnexal carcinoma, desmoplastic trichoepithelioma and basal cell carcinoma.
  • METHODS: Biopsy samples from 28 sclerosing and infiltrating basal cell carcinomas, 13 microcystic adnexal carcinomas and 16 desmoplastic trichoepitheliomas were examined after immunohistochemical staining with Ber-EP4.
  • RESULTS: Ber-EP4 did not label any of the microcystic adnexal carcinomas, whereas all 28 basal cell carcinomas were Ber-EP4 positive.
  • Only one basal cell carcinoma was weakly positive.
  • Twelve of the 16 desmoplastic trichoepitheliomas were immunoreactive with Ber-EP4 and the staining was more variable than those of basal cell carcinomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Ber-EP4 reliably differentiates microcystic adnexal carcinoma from basal cell carcinoma to the same extent as it distinguishes the latter tumor from squamous cell carcinoma.
  • While it stains the majority of desmoplastic trichoepitheliomas, these tumors still have to be considered in the differential diagnosis with microcystic adnexal carcinoma, when Ber-EP4 is applied.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / diagnosis. Skin / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Humans. Sclerosis / pathology


22. McKeon S, McClean S, Callaghan M: Macrophage responses to CF pathogens: JNK MAP kinase signaling by Burkholderia cepacia complex lipopolysaccharide. FEMS Immunol Med Microbiol; 2010 Oct;60(1):36-43
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  • [Title] Macrophage responses to CF pathogens: JNK MAP kinase signaling by Burkholderia cepacia complex lipopolysaccharide.
  • Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) organisms pose a particular challenge in CF lung disease, due in part to their ability to trigger a fulminant pneumonia.
  • This study compares the U937 macrophage response to two Bcc species, B. cenocepacia and Burkholderia multivorans, against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus.
  • The two Bcc strains demonstrated higher levels of U937 macrophage internalization compared with both P. aeruginosa and S. aureus.
  • Both the Bcc strains also stimulated significantly greater levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β from macrophages when compared with P. aeruginosa.
  • Further examination of the macrophage response to B. multivorans demonstrated that the lipopolysaccharide component of these bacteria was a potent inducer of proinflammatory cytokines and was shown to signal predominantly through the c-Jun N-terminal kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway.
  • These studies further characterize the host response to Bcc and in particular B. multivorans, now the predominant Bcc species in many CF populations.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkholderia cepacia complex / immunology. Cytokines / secretion. JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism. Lipopolysaccharides / immunology. Macrophages / immunology. Signal Transduction
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line. Cytoplasm / microbiology. Humans. Pseudomonas aeruginosa / immunology. Staphylococcus aureus / immunology

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20602636.001).
  • [ISSN] 1574-695X
  • [Journal-full-title] FEMS immunology and medical microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] FEMS Immunol. Med. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Lipopolysaccharides; EC 2.7.11.24 / JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
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23. Love RR, Uy GB: Surgical oophorectomy for breast cancer: back to the future. Future Oncol; 2008 Dec;4(6):785-92
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  • [Title] Surgical oophorectomy for breast cancer: back to the future.
  • While the preponderance of current scientific presentations on breast cancer therapies has focused on chemotherapeutic strategies, targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors and hormonal therapies for postmenopausal women, the majority of worldwide cases of breast cancer occur in premenopausal women, for whom practical inexpensive hormonal therapy, surgical oophorectomy, is the most common attainable treatment.
  • In hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer, meta-analysis data from older trials, and more specific recent trial data have made clearer the chronic natural history of this broad subtype of disease and the central role of hormonal therapy in its control.
  • Greater understanding of the critical variables in pathology procedures for breast tumor tissue hormonal receptor testing is leading to better definitions of the specific patients for whom hormonal therapies are indicated.
  • Closer examination of outcomes following surgical oophorectomy has suggested that more than just downregulation of estrogen stimulated breast cancer growth; the reduction of systemic estrogen levels also occurs with this procedure.
  • This combination of circumstances suggests that this first hormonal therapy for breast cancer may once again, have a much greater role globally.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / surgery. Ovariectomy

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  • (PMID = 19086845.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8301
  • [Journal-full-title] Future oncology (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Future Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Estrogen Antagonists; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 094ZI81Y45 / Tamoxifen
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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24. Chia KS: Gene-environment interactions in breast cancer. Novartis Found Symp; 2008;293:143-50; discussion 150-5, 181-3
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  • [Title] Gene-environment interactions in breast cancer.
  • Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in women.
  • It accounts for 23% of all cancers, with an estimated 1.15 million new cases in 2002.
  • Breast cancers also tend to cluster in families and are more common in monozygotic twins.
  • Some of this clustering occurs as part of specific familial breast cancer syndromes where disease results from single alleles conferring a high risk.
  • However, such alleles are rare in the population, and highly penetrant variants of BRCA1 and BRCA2 account for less than 20% of the genetic risk of breast cancer.
  • The more common sporadic form of breast cancer are probably due to a polygenic inheritance of breast cancer susceptibility upon which environmental factors act upon resulting in breast cancer occurrence.
  • The lack of large prospective cohorts with thousands of incident breast cancer cases makes the study of gene-environment interactions using a nested case-control design extremely difficult.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / etiology. Environment. Genes / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Humans. Risk Factors


25. Zhang HT, Lu YF, Zeng J, Lin J, Liao QH, Wan FQ: [Study of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations in human sporadic breast cancers]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Apr 1;45(7):480-2
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  • [Title] [Study of BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations in human sporadic breast cancers].
  • OBJECTIVE: To detect the mutations of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in sporadic breast cancer and study the relationship between BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations and breast cancer.
  • METHODS: Breast cancer tissues of 144 patients and breast tissues of 30 cases of healthy people who were treated from December 2000 to September 2005 were studied.
  • RESULTS: A total of 20 single nucleotide changes in BRCA1 were detected in the 144 cases of breast cancer patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mutations in BRCA1 may play an important role in evaluation of sick risk, earlier diagnosis and gene therapy of breast cancer in southern Chinese populations.
  • [MeSH-major] BRCA1 Protein / genetics. BRCA2 Protein / genetics. Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Mutation

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  • (PMID = 17686308.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / BLID protein, human; 0 / BRCA1 Protein; 0 / BRCA1 protein, human; 0 / BRCA2 Protein; 0 / BRCA2 protein, human
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26. Skeie G, Hjartåker A, Lund E: Diet among breast cancer survivors and healthy women. The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study. Eur J Clin Nutr; 2006 Sep;60(9):1046-54
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  • [Title] Diet among breast cancer survivors and healthy women. The Norwegian Women and Cancer Study.
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare the diet and lifestyle in breast cancer survivors and healthy women.
  • DESIGN: Cross-sectional study in the population-based Norwegian Women and Cancer cohort study, using a postal questionnaire on diet, lifestyle and health.
  • Prevalent breast cancer cases (314 short-term with 1-5 years since diagnosis, 352 long-term with >5 years since diagnosis) were identified by linkage to the Norwegian Cancer Registry.
  • Short-term breast cancer survivors also had a higher use of dietary supplements and a lower level of physical activity, but did not differ from healthy women on other lifestyle factors.
  • CONCLUSION: Diet and lifestyle is generally similar between breast cancer survivors and healthy women, especially more than 5 years after diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / psychology. Diet Surveys. Food Habits / psychology. Health Status. Life Style

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  • [Copyright] Published online 15 February 2006.
  • (PMID = 16482067.001).
  • [ISSN] 0954-3007
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of clinical nutrition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Clin Nutr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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27. Krieger N, Chen JT, Waterman PD, Rehkopf DH, Yin R, Coull BA: Race/ethnicity and changing US socioeconomic gradients in breast cancer incidence: California and Massachusetts, 1978-2002 (United States). Cancer Causes Control; 2006 Mar;17(2):217-26
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  • [Title] Race/ethnicity and changing US socioeconomic gradients in breast cancer incidence: California and Massachusetts, 1978-2002 (United States).
  • OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that the US socioeconomic gradient in breast cancer incidence is declining, with the decline most pronounced among racial/ethnic groups with the highest incidence rates.
  • METHODS: We geocoded the invasive incident breast cancer cases for three US population-based cancer registries covering: Los Angeles County, CA (1978-1982, 1988-1992, 1998-2002; n = 68,762 cases), the San Francisco Bay Area, CA (1978-1982, 1988-1992, 1998-2002; n = 37,210 cases) and Massachusetts (1988-1992, 1998-2002; n = 48,111 cases), linked the records to census tract area-based socioeconomic measures, and, for each socioeconomic stratum, computed average annual breast cancer incidence rates for the 5-year period straddling the 1980, 1990, and 2000 census, overall and by race/ethnicity and gender.
  • RESULTS: Our findings indicate that the socioeconomic gradient in breast cancer incidence is: (a) relatively small (at most 1.2) and stable among US white non-Hispanic and black women;.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that secular changes in US socioeconomic gradients in breast cancer incidence exist and vary by race/ethnicity.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16425100.001).
  • [ISSN] 0957-5243
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer causes & control : CCC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Causes Control
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / PC / N01-PC-35139; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095983-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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28. Hadwin AM, Del Rio LF, Pinto LJ, Painter M, Routledge R, Moore MM: Microbial communities in wetlands of the Athabasca oil sands: genetic and metabolic characterization. FEMS Microbiol Ecol; 2006 Jan;55(1):68-78
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  • Naphthenic acids are a complex family of naturally occurring cyclic and acyclic carboxylic acids that are present in the acidic fraction of petroleum.
  • In contrast, cluster diagrams produced from the denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis data clearly separated bacterial communities according to naphthenic acids concentrations, indicating that naphthenic acids content was a major influence on the composition of the bacterial community.

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  • (PMID = 16420616.001).
  • [ISSN] 0168-6496
  • [Journal-full-title] FEMS microbiology ecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] FEMS Microbiol. Ecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carboxylic Acids; 0 / DNA, Bacterial; 0 / Fatty Acids; 0 / Industrial Waste; 0 / Petroleum; 0 / Reagent Kits, Diagnostic; 1338-24-5 / naphthenic acid
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29. Hill TD, Khamis HJ, Tyczynski JE, Berkel HJ: Comparison of male and female breast cancer incidence trends, tumor characteristics, and survival. Ann Epidemiol; 2005 Nov;15(10):773-80
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  • [Title] Comparison of male and female breast cancer incidence trends, tumor characteristics, and survival.
  • PURPOSE: To compare male and female breast cancer and to determine the predictors of tumor characteristics and survival in both genders.
  • METHODS: Male (n = 2923) and female breast cancer cases (n = 442,500) from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) registry were analyzed.
  • Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to determine significant predictors of death of breast cancer after adjusting for demographic factors.
  • RESULTS: Both men and women aged less than 50 years were at higher risk for advanced breast cancers.
  • The risk of breast cancer death among all cases was lower for each 10-year increase in age by 2%, higher for those who are unmarried than for those who are married by 12% and 13% higher for non-whites than for whites.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Breast Neoplasms, Male / epidemiology. Breast Neoplasms, Male / pathology. SEER Program / statistics & numerical data
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Functional Laterality. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis. Regression Analysis. Risk Factors. Sex Factors. Survival


30. Szabo P, Dam TK, Smetana K Jr, Dvoránková B, Kübler D, Brewer CF, Gabius HJ: Phosphorylated human lectin galectin-3: analysis of ligand binding by histochemical monitoring of normal/malignant squamous epithelia and by isothermal titration calorimetry. Anat Histol Embryol; 2009 Feb;38(1):68-75
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  • [Title] Phosphorylated human lectin galectin-3: analysis of ligand binding by histochemical monitoring of normal/malignant squamous epithelia and by isothermal titration calorimetry.
  • We monitored normal and malignant squamous epithelia.
  • Basal cell carcinomas were invariably negative.
  • In all cases, binding was inhibitable by the presence of lactose, prompting further investigation of the activity of the lectin site by a sensitive biochemical method, i.e. isothermal titration calorimetry.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelial Cells / chemistry. Epithelium / metabolism. Galectin 3 / metabolism. Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Phosphorylation

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  • (PMID = 18983621.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0264
  • [Journal-full-title] Anatomia, histologia, embryologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anat Histol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Galectin 3
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31. Carless MA, Griffiths LR: Cytogenetics of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer. Adv Exp Med Biol; 2008;624:227-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytogenetics of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancer.
  • Cytogenetic analysis of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers has revealed recurrent aberrations, the frequency of which is reflective of malignant potential.
  • Highly aberrant karyotypes are seen in melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, solar keratosis and Merkel cell carcinoma with more stable karyotypes seen in basal cell carcinoma, keratoacanthoma, Bowen's disease, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans and cutaneous lymphomas.
  • Some aberrations were common amongst a number of skin cancer types including rearrangements and numerical abnormalities of chromosome 1, -3p, +3q, partial or entire trisomy 6, trisomy 7, +8q, -9p, +9q, partial or entire loss of chromosome 10, -17p, +17q and partial or entire gain of chromosome 20.
  • Combination of cytogenetic analysis with other molecular genetic techniques has enabled the identification of not only aberrant chromosomal regions, but also the genes that contribute to a malignant phenotype.
  • This review provides a comprehensive summary of the pertinent cytogenetic aberrations associated with a variety of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Cytogenetics. Melanoma / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18348460.001).
  • [ISSN] 0065-2598
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in experimental medicine and biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv. Exp. Med. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 104
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32. Banerjee S: Cutaneous manifestations in renal failure patients: a case series. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol; 2007 Mar-Apr;73(2):106-8
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  • [Title] Cutaneous manifestations in renal failure patients: a case series.
  • Cutaneous involvement in renal disease is due to a host of factors ranging from metabolic disturbances to immunosuppressive drugs.
  • Herein we report a series of six cases of renal failure with varied cutaneous manifestations ranging from infections to neoplasms due to prolonged immunosuppression.
  • Our first case had cutaneous cryptococcosis where skin lesions gave a clue to the diagnosis of altered sensorium and underlying meningitis.
  • The second case initially presented with florid warts and was treated successfully but later presented with an explosive recurrence of skin lesions due to malignant transformation.
  • Our third case had basal cell carcinoma over the presternal region that was successfully treated with liquid nitrogen cryotherapy.
  • Our fourth case had diabetic nephropathy that presented with septicemia and purpura fulminans.
  • The last case had cutaneous manifestations of drug therapy because of heparin infusion.
  • To conclude, cutaneous manifestations in patients with renal failure are varied and a high degree of suspicion is needed for early diagnosis and aggressive treatment to effectively combat mortality and morbidity.
  • [MeSH-major] Renal Insufficiency / complications. Skin Diseases / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Kidney Injury / complications. Adolescent. Adult. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / etiology. Condylomata Acuminata / etiology. Cryptococcosis / etiology. Dermatomycoses / etiology. Female. Humans. Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications. Male. Middle Aged. Parapsoriasis / chemically induced. Skin Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17456917.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-3922
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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33. Laska MJ, Nexø BA, Vistisen K, Poulsen HE, Loft S, Vogel U: Polymorphisms in RAI and in genes of nucleotide and base excision repair are not associated with risk of testicular cancer. Cancer Lett; 2005 Jul 28;225(2):245-51
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  • [Title] Polymorphisms in RAI and in genes of nucleotide and base excision repair are not associated with risk of testicular cancer.
  • Testicular cancer has been suggested to be primed in utero and there is familiar occurrence, particularly brothers and sons of men with testicular cancer have increased risk.
  • Although no specific causative genotoxic agents have been identified, variations in DNA repair capacity could be associated with the risk of testicular cancer.
  • A case-control study of 184 testicular cancer cases and 194 population-based controls living in the Copenhagen Greater Area in Denmark was performed.
  • We found that neither polymorphisms in several DNA repair genes nor alleles of several polymorphisms in the chromosomal of region 19q13.2-3, encompassing the genes ASE, ERCC1, RAI and XPD, were associated with risk of testicular cancer in Danish patients.
  • This is in contrast to other cancers, where we reported strong associations between polymorphisms in ERCC1, ASE and RAI and occurrence of basal cell carcinoma, breast cancer and lung.
  • To our knowledge this is the first study of DNA repair gene polymorphisms and risk of testicular cancer.
  • [MeSH-minor] Case-Control Studies. Denmark. Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics. Humans. Male. Repressor Proteins

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  • (PMID = 15885892.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3835
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Nucleotides; 0 / PPP1R13L protein, human; 0 / Repressor Proteins
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34. Trzeciak S, Zanotti-Cavazzoni S, Parrillo JE, Dellinger RP: Inclusion criteria for clinical trials in sepsis: did the American College of Chest Physicians/Society of Critical Care Medicine consensus conference definitions of sepsis have an impact? Chest; 2005 Jan;127(1):242-5
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  • Clinical trials published after the consensus conference (ACC; from 1993 to 2001) were compared with trials published before the consensus conference (BCC; from 1976 to 1992).
  • RESULTS: We identified 176 clinical trials (ACC, 119 trials; BCC, 57 trials).
  • The utilization of specified values for WBC count, temperature (T), heart rate (HR), and respiratory rate (RR) was significantly increased in the ACC group compared to the BCC group, as follows: WBC count, 62% vs 26%, respectively (p < 0.001); T, 89% vs 56%, respectively (p < 0.001); HR, 77% vs 26%, respectively (p < 0.001); and RR, respectively 76% vs 28% (p < 0.001).
  • (1) Since 1992 there has been a significant increase in the utilization of predefined sepsis criteria for patient enrollment in clinical trials, and this increase can be attributed to the existence of consensus conference definitions. (2) Compared to inclusion criteria BCC, inclusion criteria ACC were less reliant on blood culture positivity and were more likely to incorporate markers of organ dysfunction.
  • [MeSH-major] Clinical Trials as Topic / standards. Consensus Development Conferences as Topic. Patient Selection. Sepsis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15653990.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3692
  • [Journal-full-title] Chest
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chest
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Meunier A, Truchon JF: Predictions of hydration free energies from continuum solvent with solute polarizable models: the SAMPL2 blind challenge. J Comput Aided Mol Des; 2010 Apr;24(4):361-72
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  • The usefulness of electronic polarization in predicting hydration free energies is assessed by comparing the Electronic Polarization from Internal Continuum model and the self consistent reaction field IEF-PCM to standard non-polarizable charge models such as RESP and AM1-BCC.

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  • [Cites] J Phys Chem B. 2009 Apr 9;113(14):4501-7 [19338360.001]
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  • (PMID = 20354893.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-4951
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of computer-aided molecular design
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Comput. Aided Mol. Des.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Solutions; 0 / Solvents; A1TA934AKO / Xylose; IY9XDZ35W2 / Glucose; J64922108F / Benzene
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36. Cavalcante RB, Pereira KM, Nonaka CF, Nogueira RL, de Souza LB: Immunohistochemical expression of MMPs 1, 7, and 26 in syndrome and nonsyndrome odontogenic keratocysts. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2008 Jul;106(1):99-105
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  • Furthermore, the presence of these proteases at higher levels in SOKCs may help to explain increased OKC aggressiveness associated with nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 / biosynthesis. Matrix Metalloproteinase 7 / biosynthesis. Matrix Metalloproteinases, Secreted / biosynthesis. Odontogenic Cysts / enzymology

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  • (PMID = 18585626.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 3.4.24.- / MMP26 protein, human; EC 3.4.24.- / Matrix Metalloproteinases, Secreted; EC 3.4.24.23 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 7; EC 3.4.24.7 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 1
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37. Brownell I: Nodular basal cell carcinoma: when in doubt, cut it out. J Drugs Dermatol; 2007 Dec;6(12):1245-6
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  • [Title] Nodular basal cell carcinoma: when in doubt, cut it out.
  • Treating superficial basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) with photodynamic therapy or topical imiquimod can provide effective results in situations where an excisional approach is contraindicated or undesirable.
  • Numerous studies have sought to test these treatments for nodular BCCs.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18189068.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-9616
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Drugs Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] News
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoquinolines; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Photosensitizing Agents; 0 / methyl 5-aminolevulinate; 88755TAZ87 / Aminolevulinic Acid; 99011-02-6 / imiquimod
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38. Vanhaecke L, Grootaert C, Verstraete W, Van de Wiele T: Chemopreventive effects from prebiotic inulin towards microbial 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine bioactivation. J Appl Microbiol; 2009 Feb;106(2):474-85
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  • Additionally, the production of short-chain fatty acids increased with 12%, 3% and 7%, while ammonia concentrations decreased with 3%, 4% and 3% in the ascending, transverse and descending colon compartments, respectively.

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  • (PMID = 19200315.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2672
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of applied microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Appl. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 7-hydroxy-5-methyl-3-phenyl-6,7,8,9-tetrahydropyrido(3',2'-4,5)imidazo(1,2-a)pyrimidin-5-ium; 0 / Fatty Acids, Volatile; 0 / Imidazoles; 0 / Mutagens; 0 / Prebiotics; 0 / Pyrimidines; 9005-80-5 / Inulin; 909C6UN66T / 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo(4,5-b)pyridine
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39. Folman LB, Klein Gunnewiek PJ, Boddy L, de Boer W: Impact of white-rot fungi on numbers and community composition of bacteria colonizing beech wood from forest soil. FEMS Microbiol Ecol; 2008 Feb;63(2):181-91
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  • [Title] Impact of white-rot fungi on numbers and community composition of bacteria colonizing beech wood from forest soil.
  • White-rot fungi are important wood-decomposing organisms in forest ecosystems.
  • Their ability to colonize and decompose woody resources may be strongly influenced by wood-inhabiting bacteria that grow on easily utilizable compounds e.g. oligomers of wood-polymers released by fungal enzymes.
  • However, so far, it is not known how white-rot fungi deal with the presence of potential competing bacteria.
  • Here, the effects of two white-rot fungi, Hypholoma fasciculare and Resinicium bicolor, on the numbers and composition of bacteria colonizing sterile beech wood blocks from forest soil are reported.
  • Both total numbers (microscopic counts) and the numbers of cultivable wood-inhabiting bacteria were considerably lower in wood blocks that became colonized by the white-rot fungi than in control blocks.
  • This points to the fungi out-competing the opportunistic bacteria.
  • The presence of white-rot fungi resulted in a change in the relative abundance of families of cultivable bacteria in wood and also in a change of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis patterns of directly amplified 16S rRNA gene fragments.
  • Analysis of the bacterial community structure in soil adhering to exploratory mycelium (cords) indicated that fungal species-specific effects on bacterial community composition were also apparent in this fungal growth phase.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacteria / isolation & purification. Basidiomycota. Soil Microbiology. Wood / microbiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Base Sequence. Colony Count, Microbial. Fagus / microbiology. Molecular Sequence Data. Phylogeny. RNA, Bacterial / genetics. RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics. Sequence Analysis, RNA

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  • (PMID = 18199083.001).
  • [ISSN] 0168-6496
  • [Journal-full-title] FEMS microbiology ecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] FEMS Microbiol. Ecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ EF027740/ EF027741/ EF027742/ EF027743/ EF027744/ EF027745/ EF027746/ EF027747/ EF027748/ EF027749/ EF027750/ EF027751/ EF027752/ EF027753/ EF027754/ EF027755/ EF027756/ EF027757/ EF027758/ EF027759/ EF027760/ EF027761/ EF027762/ EF027763/ EF027764/ EF027765/ EF027766/ EF027767/ EF027768/ EF027769/ EF027770/ EF027771/ EF027772/ EF027773/ EF027774/ EF027775/ EF027776/ EF027777/ EF027778/ EF027779/ EF027780/ EF027781/ EF027782/ EF027783/ EF027784/ EF027785/ EF027786/ EF027787/ EF027788/ EF027789/ EF027790/ EF027791/ EF027792/ EF027793/ EF027794/ EF027795/ EF027796/ EF027797/ EF027798/ EF027799/ EF027800/ EF027801/ EF027802/ EF027803/ EF027804/ EF027805/ EF027806/ EF027807/ EF027808/ EF027809/ EF027810/ EF027811/ EF027812/ EF027813/ EF027814/ EF027815/ EF027816/ EF027817/ EF027818/ EF027819/ EF027820/ EF027821/ EF027822/ EF027823/ EF027824/ EF027825/ EF027826/ EF027827/ EF027828/ EF027829/ EF027830/ EF027831/ EF027832/ EF027833/ EF027834/ EF027835/ EF027836/ EF027837/ EF027838/ EF027839/ EF027840/ EF027841/ EF027842/ EF027843/ EF027844/ EF027845/ EF027846/ EF027847/ EF027848/ EF027849/ EF027850/ EF027851/ EF027852/ EF027853/ EF027854/ EF027855/ EF027856/ EF027857/ EF027858
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Bacterial; 0 / RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
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40. Fritzsche FR, Thomas A, Winzer KJ, Beyer B, Dankof A, Bellach J, Dahl E, Dietel M, Kristiansen G: Co-expression and prognostic value of gross cystic disease fluid protein 15 and mammaglobin in primary breast cancer. Histol Histopathol; 2007 11;22(11):1221-30
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  • [Title] Co-expression and prognostic value of gross cystic disease fluid protein 15 and mammaglobin in primary breast cancer.
  • Gross cystic disease fluid protein (GCDFP-15) and mammaglobin are both widely used and accepted markers for epithelia of breast origin.
  • We aimed to evaluate their relation of expression on parallel whole tissue sections in primary breast cancer by immunohistochemistry and also to correlate it with clinico-pathological parameters including patient survival.
  • Primary breast carcinomas from 165 patients with a mean clinical follow-up of 73 months were immunostained using commercially available antibodies against GCDFP-15 and mammaglobin.
  • Cytoplasmic expression of GCDFP-15 and mammaglobin was observed in 73.3% and 72.1% of invasive breast carcinomas respectively.
  • 91.8% of breast cancer cases expressed at least one of both markers.
  • Additionally, GCDFP-15 negativity was significantly associated with shortened disease-free survival times in univariate and multivariate analyses.
  • We demonstrated the strong correlation of GCDFP-15 and mammaglobin with each other and showed that only very few primary breast cancers are completely negative for both markers.
  • The significantly longer disease free survival times for patients with GCDFP-15 positive tumours clearly warrants further study.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / metabolism. Carcinoma, Lobular / metabolism. Carrier Proteins / metabolism. Glycoproteins / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Uteroglobin / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Count. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Mammaglobin A. Middle Aged. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17647195.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-5848
  • [Journal-full-title] Histology and histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histol. Histopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / Mammaglobin A; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / PIP protein, human; 0 / SCGB2A2 protein, human; 9060-09-7 / Uteroglobin
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41. Gautier T, Tietge UJ, Boverhof R, Perton FG, Le Guern N, Masson D, Rensen PC, Havekes LM, Lagrost L, Kuipers F: Hepatic lipid accumulation in apolipoprotein C-I-deficient mice is potentiated by cholesteryl ester transfer protein. J Lipid Res; 2007 Jan;48(1):30-40
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  • In addition to the expected moderate reduction in plasma cholesterol levels, apoCIKO mice showed significant increases in the hepatic content of cholesteryl esters (+58%) and triglycerides (+118%) and in biliary cholesterol concentration (+35%) as compared with wild-type mice.
  • Biliary levels of cholesterol, phospholipids, and bile acids were increased by 88, 77, and 20%, respectively, whereas total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations in plasma were further reduced in CETPTg/apoCIKO mice versus CETPTg mice.
  • In line with the previously recognized inhibition of lipoprotein clearance by apoC-I, apoC-I deficiency led to decreased plasma lipid concentration, hepatic lipid accumulation, and increased biliary excretion of cholesterol.
  • The effect was even greater when the alternate reverse cholesterol transport pathway via VLDL/LDL was boosted in the presence of CETP.
  • [MeSH-major] Apolipoprotein C-I / deficiency. Cholesterol Ester Transfer Proteins / metabolism. Lipids / physiology. Liver / metabolism


42. Clayton TH, Tait J, Whitehurst C, Yates VM: Photodynamic therapy for superficial basal cell carcinoma and Bowen's disease. Eur J Dermatol; 2006 Jan-Feb;16(1):39-41
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  • [Title] Photodynamic therapy for superficial basal cell carcinoma and Bowen's disease.
  • Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an effective treatment for superficial basal cell carcinoma (BCCs) and Bowen's disease.
  • Bowen's disease and superficial basal cell carcinomas characteristically affect older patients who may also have associated difficulties with mobility.
  • [MeSH-major] Bowen's Disease / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / drug therapy. Photochemotherapy / methods. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Female. Great Britain / epidemiology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Prospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16436340.001).
  • [ISSN] 1167-1122
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of dermatology : EJD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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43. Lyle P, Nakamura K, Togerson S: Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma arising in the scar from a previously excised basal cell carcinoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Jun;35(6):594-8
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  • [Title] Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma arising in the scar from a previously excised basal cell carcinoma.
  • We report a case of a primary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the skin (LELCS) associated with scar from a previous excision of basal cell carcinoma.
  • The patient was a 68-year-old female with a 3.0 mm skin-colored pearly papule on her forehead that developed over 2-3 months.
  • The patient had a history of a basal cell carcinoma in the same location, which was completely excised 1 year earlier.
  • Immunohistochemical examination showed that the epithelioid tumor cells were positive for pan-cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen, supporting the morphologic impression of LELCS.
  • Retrospective review of the original excision specimen confirmed the diagnosis of an ordinary basal cell carcinoma.
  • Forty-five cases of LELCS have been reported to date.
  • We report the first case of LELCS to arise in the scar from an excision of a cutaneous malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / complications. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Cicatrix / complications. Neoplasms, Second Primary / complications. Skin Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 18201243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Mucin-1; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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44. Skelton LA: The effective treatment of basal cell carcinoma. Br J Nurs; 2009 Mar 26-Apr 8;18(6):346, 348-50
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  • [Title] The effective treatment of basal cell carcinoma.
  • Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) accounts for 75% of all skin cancers and its incidence is rising by between 3-8% each year (Szeimies and Karrer, 2006).
  • As a result, the development of new therapeutic strategies and treatment methods for the removal of BCC is crucial in combating what is a growing problem.
  • The aim of this article is to critically review some of the current literature in order to substantiate the efficacy of destructive and non-surgical techniques as reliable alternatives to surgery for the management/removal of BCCs.
  • However, in relation to success rates, patients tolerance of the treatment and cosmetic outcomes, and depending on the type of BCC involved, other treatment methods do offer reliable alternatives.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / therapy. Skin Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adjuvants, Immunologic / therapeutic use. Administration, Cutaneous. Aminoquinolines / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Causality. Cryosurgery. Curettage. Great Britain / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Interferon-alpha / therapeutic use. Laser Therapy. Mohs Surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Nurse's Role. Oncology Nursing. Photochemotherapy. Recombinant Proteins

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  • (PMID = 19329898.001).
  • [ISSN] 0966-0461
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adjuvants, Immunologic; 0 / Aminoquinolines; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Interferon-alpha; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 76543-88-9 / interferon alfa-2a; 99011-02-6 / imiquimod
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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45. Diaconu NC, Kaminska R, Naukkarinen A, Harvima RJ, Harvima IT: The increase in tryptase- and chymase-positive mast cells is associated with partial inactivation of chymase and increase in protease inhibitors in basal cell carcinoma. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2007 Aug;21(7):908-15
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  • [Title] The increase in tryptase- and chymase-positive mast cells is associated with partial inactivation of chymase and increase in protease inhibitors in basal cell carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: In basal cell carcinoma (BCC), mast cells accumulate in the peritumoral stroma.
  • The serine proteinases tryptase and chymase are the major mediators in mast cell granules and they may exert their enzymatic activity in the BCC lesion by inducing matrix remodeling and epithelial cell detachment.
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyse the numbers of mast cells showing tryptase enzyme activity, chymase enzyme activity and chymase immunoreactivity as well as the presence of chymase inhibitors alpha(1)-antichymotrypsin (alpha(1)-AC), alpha(1)-proteinase inhibitor (alpha(1)-PI) and squamous cell carcinoma antigen-2 (SCCA-2) in BCC.
  • METHODS: Eleven biopsies were taken from the lesion and healthy-looking skin of 10 patients with superficial spreading BCC.
  • RESULTS: In the BCC lesion, the number of mast cells with tryptase activity and chymase immunoreactivity was significantly increased by 2.2- to 2.3-fold.
  • However, the ratio of cells with chymase activity to those with chymase immunoreactivity was significantly decreased from 49 +/- 19% in the healthy skin to 33 +/- 19% in the BCC lesion.
  • Instead, the percentage of mast cells displaying alpha(1)-AC or alpha(1)-PI immunoreactivity was significantly increased by 1.7-fold in the BCC lesion.
  • SCCA-2 expression was strongly increased in the malignant BCC epithelium but mostly in the suprabasal layers.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Tryptase- and chymase-positive mast cells (MC(TC)) increased in the BCC lesion.
  • SCCA-2 increased in BCC, but was localized mostly to the suprabasal layers, and thus it seems not to be crucial in inhibiting chymase.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / enzymology. Chymases / metabolism. Mast Cells / enzymology. Protease Inhibitors / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / enzymology. Tryptases / metabolism


46. Ohson K, DesGroseilliers JP, Weatherhead S, Weatherhead L: Imiquimod 5% cream use for the treatment of basal cell carcinomas in elderly patients, in long-term care facilities, not amenable to surgical or radiation therapy. J Cutan Med Surg; 2006 Jul-Aug;10(4):201-3
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  • [Title] Imiquimod 5% cream use for the treatment of basal cell carcinomas in elderly patients, in long-term care facilities, not amenable to surgical or radiation therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoquinolines / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / drug therapy. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17234120.001).
  • [ISSN] 1203-4754
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous medicine and surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cutan Med Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoquinolines; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; P1QW714R7M / imiquimod
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47. Hexsel CL, Eide MJ, Johnson CC, Krajenta R, Jacobsen G, Hamzavi I, Lim HW: Incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer in a cohort of patients with vitiligo. J Am Acad Dermatol; 2009 Jun;60(6):929-33
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  • [Title] Incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer in a cohort of patients with vitiligo.
  • BACKGROUND: Nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) incidence in patients with vitiligo has not been studied.
  • Age-adjusted incidence rates were: basal cell carcinoma, male 1382/100,000; basal cell carcinoma, female 0; squamous cell carcinoma, male 465/100,000; squamous cell carcinoma, female 156/100,000.
  • Except for basal cell carcinoma in females, all rates were higher than US rates but not statistically significant.
  • [MeSH-major] Skin Neoplasms / epidemiology. Vitiligo / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. United States / epidemiology

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  • [CommentIn] J Am Acad Dermatol. 2009 Dec;61(6):1080-1 [19925933.001]
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  • (PMID = 19375190.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6787
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA140754
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Yuan L, Goldbach A, Xu H: Segregation and H2 transport rate control in body-centered cubic PdCu membranes. J Phys Chem B; 2007 Sep 20;111(37):10952-8
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  • The membrane underwent a bcc-fcc (body-centered cubic to face-centered cubic) phase transition between 723 and 873 K resulting in compositional segregation.
  • After reannealing at 723 K the alloy layer reverted to a bcc structure although a small fcc fraction remained behind.
  • The mixed-phase morphology was analyzed combining X-ray diffraction with scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive spectroscopic analysis (SEM-EDS) measurements, which revealed micrometer-scale Cu-enriched bcc and Cu-depleted fcc domains.
  • The prevalence of desorption as the permeation rate-limiting step below 454 K is attributed to the pairing of an extraordinarily high hydrogen diffusivity with a marginal hydrogen solubility in bcc PdCu alloys.

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  • (PMID = 17715958.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-6106
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of physical chemistry. B
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Phys Chem B
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Leite JL, Stolf HO, Reis NA, Ward LS: Human herpesvirus type 6 and type 1 infection increases susceptibility to nonmelanoma skin tumors. Cancer Lett; 2005 Jun 28;224(2):213-9
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  • [Title] Human herpesvirus type 6 and type 1 infection increases susceptibility to nonmelanoma skin tumors.
  • In order to investigate herpesvirus (HHV) role in the susceptibility to skin cancer, we compared HHV6 and HHV1 incidence in DNA samples extracted from 120 lesions and 41 normal skin tissues.
  • HHV6 (31.7%) and HHV1 (23.8%) were detected more frequently in skin cancer than in control individuals (14.6 and 5%, respectively) (P=0.0391 and P=0.00094, respectively).
  • The risk of presenting basal cell carcinomas (BCC) was more than 3 times higher for HHV-6 infected patients (OR=3.182; 95% CI: 1.125-8.997).
  • The risk for HHV-1 infected individuals of presenting BCC and squamous cell carcinomas was increased 8 and 6 times, respectively (OR=8.125; 95% CI: 1.735-38.043 and OR=6.290; 95% CI: 1.283-30.856, respectively).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / etiology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / virology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / etiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology. Herpes Simplex / complications. Herpesvirus 1, Human / pathogenicity. Herpesvirus 6, Human / pathogenicity. Roseolovirus Infections / complications. Skin Neoplasms / etiology. Skin Neoplasms / virology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Case-Control Studies. Child. DNA, Viral / analysis. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Odds Ratio. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 15914272.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3835
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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50. Goldberg M, Rummelt C, Laerm A, Helmbold P, Holbach LM, Ballhausen WG: Epigenetic silencing contributes to frequent loss of the fragile histidine triad tumour suppressor in basal cell carcinomas. Br J Dermatol; 2006 Dec;155(6):1154-8
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  • [Title] Epigenetic silencing contributes to frequent loss of the fragile histidine triad tumour suppressor in basal cell carcinomas.
  • BACKGROUND: Extensive exposure to ultraviolet radiation is associated with genetic alterations in basal cell carcinomas (BCCs), which represent some 75% of skin cancers.
  • OBJECTIVES: As recent data suggested the fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene product to participate in DNA damage responses we wished to address whether functional deletion of this tumour suppressor participates in the development of BCC.
  • METHODS: Paraffin-embedded specimens from 17 patients with BCC were available for methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP), combined bisulphite-dependent restriction analysis (COBRA) of the FHIT gene and immunohistochemistry of its product.
  • RESULTS: We report for the first time that 100% of BCCs are negative for FHIT by immunostaining.
  • Aberrant methylation of the FHIT promoter occurred in a significant portion of BCCs.
  • MSP detected hypermethylation of the FHIT/FRA3B locus in nine of nine (100%) periocular BCCs and in six of eight (75%) BCCs from other body regions.
  • COBRA yielded similar results, confirming that some 88% of the 17 BCCs analysed harbour epigenetic silencing of the FHIT gene.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We have identified epigenetic silencing of the FHIT tumour suppressor gene as a frequent inactivation mechanism which is likely to contribute to functional deficiencies in DNA damage response of BCCs.
  • [MeSH-major] Acid Anhydride Hydrolases / genetics. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / genetics. Gene Silencing. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17107382.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0963
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / fragile histidine triad protein; EC 3.6.- / Acid Anhydride Hydrolases
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51. Freier K, Pungs S, Flechtenmacher C, Hofele C: [Activation of sonic hedgehog signaling in keratocystic odontogenic tumors]. HNO; 2009 Apr;57(4):345-50
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  • Multiple basal cell carcinomas of the skin are another typical feature of Gorlin-Goltz syndrome.
  • Aberrant activation of sonic hedgehog signaling has been reported for sporadic and hereditary basal cell carcinoma caused by specific genetic mutations, but for keratocystic odontogenic tumors, the role of aberrant sonic hedgehog signaling has not yet been evaluated in detail.
  • This finding underlines the neoplastic character of this intraosseous lesion.

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  • (PMID = 19082818.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hedgehog Proteins
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52. Farley RL, Manolidis S, Ratner D: Aggressive basal cell carcinoma with invasion of the parotid gland, facial nerve, and temporal bone. Dermatol Surg; 2006 Feb;32(2):307-15; discussion 315
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  • [Title] Aggressive basal cell carcinoma with invasion of the parotid gland, facial nerve, and temporal bone.
  • Aggressive variants of basal cell carcinoma (BCC), such as infiltrating, morpheaform, and basosquamous types, are associated with invasion of underlying tissues and are often difficult to treat.1 BCCs located in embryonic fusion planes, such as the periauricular region, are thought to exhibit deep extension and, subsequently, high recurrence rates, although this theory has been challenged and remains controversial.2-4 Despite the known features of aggressive BCC, parotid gland invasion and temporal bone and facial nerve involvement are rarely reported occurrences.
  • We describe two patients with morpheaform BCC in the periauricular region demonstrating direct invasion of the parotid gland and concomitant facial nerve involvement.
  • These patients require complex surgical management, as highlighted in this report.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Nervous System Neoplasms / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Facial Nerve / pathology. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Temporal Bone / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16442061.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Mohammadi A, Rosa M, Rhatigan R: Eyelid basal cell carcinoma associated with solitary neurofibroma. J Cutan Pathol; 2010 Jun;37(6):707-9
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  • [Title] Eyelid basal cell carcinoma associated with solitary neurofibroma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / complications. Eyelid Neoplasms / complications. Neurofibroma / complications

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  • (PMID = 19614728.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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54. Yamane GK: Cancer incidence in the U.S. Air Force: 1989-2002. Aviat Space Environ Med; 2006 Aug;77(8):789-94
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  • [Title] Cancer incidence in the U.S. Air Force: 1989-2002.
  • BACKGROUND: Cancer incidence in U.S.
  • METHODS: Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) for invasive cancer in AFAD personnel during 1989-2002 were determined using U.S. national incidence rates as the reference.
  • Cutaneous squamous and basal cell carcinomas (CAs) were excluded.
  • RESULTS: There were 2750 cases: 1986 in men and 764 in women.
  • Among men, the 10 most frequent cancers (77.6% of total) were, in descending order: melanoma; testicular CA; prostate CA; non-Hodgkin lymphoma; follicular/papillary thyroid CA; Hodgkin's Disease; colorectal CA; brain neuroepithelial CA; and (tied) bladder CA and oral squamous cell CA.
  • Among women, the 10 most frequent cancers (88.1% of total) were, in descending order: breast CA; cervical CA; follicular/papillary thyroid CA; melanoma; Hodgkin's Disease; colorectal CA;.
  • (tied) non-Hodgkin lymphoma and ovarian epithelial CA; vulvar CA; and (tied) brain neuroepithelial CA and oral squamous cell CA.
  • Compared with the U.S. population, cancer type-specific SIRs were significantly increased for cervical CA, prostate CA, and vulvar CA (range, 1.44-3.54).
  • SIRs were significantly decreased for bladder CA (men), brain neuroepithelial CA, colorectal CA (men), Hodgkin's Disease (men), non-Hodgkin lymphoma, oral squamous cell CA (men), and testicular CA (range, 0.31-0.68).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The cancer experience of the AFAD population differs substantially from that of the U.S. population.

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  • (PMID = 16909871.001).
  • [ISSN] 0095-6562
  • [Journal-full-title] Aviation, space, and environmental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aviat Space Environ Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Fan XS, Wu HY, Yu HP, Zhou Q, Zhang YF, Huang Q: Expression of Lgr5 in human colorectal carcinogenesis and its potential correlation with beta-catenin. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2010 May;25(5):583-90
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  • BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Lgr5 is a member of the G protein receptor super-family and was shown recently to be a stem cell marker for cells with intestinal differentiation.
  • Its over-expression has been demonstrated in hepatocellular, basal cell carcinoma, and ovarian cancers but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood.
  • METHODS: The study was carried out on a tissue microarray that consisted of 102 colorectal carcinomas (CRC; M:F = 55:47), 18 colon adenoma, and 12 colon normal mucosa cases.
  • Subsequently, expression of Lgr5 in tissue sections of tumor centre and invasive margins of 21 cases of CRC certified to be immunoreactive of Lgr5 in TMA were evaluated and possible differences of Lgr5 expression between them were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Lgr5 immunoreactivity was observed only in single cells in the base of normal colon mucosal crypts but high in 28% (five out of 18) adenomas, and significantly higher in 54% (55/102, p = 0.016) CRC cases.
  • In normal mucosa, adenoma, and CRC, beta-catenin expression was seen in 25% (three out of 12), 27% (five out of 18), and 81% (83/102) cases, respectively, in contrast to 0, 0, and 40% (41/102) for p53 expression, respectively.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / metabolism. Adenoma / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20195621.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1262
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / LGR5 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / beta Catenin
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56. Chen WL, Li JS, Yang ZH, Huang ZQ, Wang JU, Zhang B: Two submental island flaps for reconstructing oral and maxillofacial defects following cancer ablation. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2008 Jun;66(6):1145-56
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  • [Title] Two submental island flaps for reconstructing oral and maxillofacial defects following cancer ablation.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of 2 patterns of submental island flaps--the facial-submental artery island flap and the reverse facial-submental artery island flap--used for reconstruction of oral and maxillofacial defects following cancer ablation.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-eight soft tissue defects were repaired with facial-submental artery island flaps and reverse facial-submental artery island flaps following cancer surgery.
  • The primary lesions included squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue (8 cases), buccal mucosa (16), floor of the mouth (4), lower gingiva (3), oropharynx (2); recurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the palate (3); and basal cell carcinoma of the facial skin (2).
  • The clinical stage of the tumors was stage I in 5 cases, stage II in 25, and stage III in 8.
  • Facial-submental artery island flaps were used in 20 cases, reverse facial-submental artery island flaps in 18.
  • The size of the skin paddle varied from a minimum of 4 cm x 8 cm to a maximum of 5 cm x 15 cm.
  • RESULTS: The postoperative outcome for 2 patterns of submental flaps was 36 cases surviving, 2 of complete necrosis, and one other of temporary palsy of the marginal mandibular branch of the facial nerve.
  • The follow-up period was 3 to 24 months, 1 patient died of tumor local recurrences and 2 cases of cervical recurrence were observed.
  • [MeSH-major] Chin / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Mouth Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods. Surgical Flaps / blood supply
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Face / blood supply. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neck / blood supply. Neck / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Oral Surgical Procedures / methods. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 18486779.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5053
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Hanavadi S, Monypenny IJ, Mansel RE: Is mammography overused in male patients? Breast; 2006 Feb;15(1):123-6
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  • There is no agreed protocol for the use of mammography in evaluating the male breast.
  • In order to define the role of mammography in men, we carried out a retrospective analysis of all male patients referred to the breast clinic with a history of breast lump between January 2001 and December 2003.
  • The impact of mammography in the evaluation of male breast cancer cases was studied.
  • A total of 220 male patients were referred to the breast clinic during this period.
  • Of these, 134 men had a mammographic examination, with majority (96%) being performed prior to their consultation with the breast clinician as per the clinic protocol.
  • There were 4 cases of breast cancer diagnosed during this period.
  • Breast cancer was suspected in all patients on clinical examination and was confirmed by biopsy.
  • Breast cancer in men can be suspected on clinical examination in the majority of cases.
  • One should consider imaging only those with clinically suspicious breast lumps to avoid unnecessary imaging particularly in young male patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms, Male / radiography. Mammography / utilization
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Breast Diseases / radiography. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16473746.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-9776
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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58. Aoyagi S, Hata H, Homma E, Shimizu H: Controlling the histological margin for non-melanoma skin cancer conveniently using a double-bladed scalpel. J Surg Oncol; 2010 Feb 1;101(2):175-9
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  • [Title] Controlling the histological margin for non-melanoma skin cancer conveniently using a double-bladed scalpel.
  • BACKGROUND: In some countries, intraoperative histological evaluation to control the surgical margin for non-melanoma skin cancer is widely used instead of Mohs micrographic surgery.
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of double-bladed scalpel for intraoperative histological margin control for non-melanoma skin cancers.
  • METHODS: Between 2005 and 2009, 10 basal cell carcinomas and 5 squamous cell carcinomas were underwent complete histological margin control in which a double-bladed scalpel was used during the surgery at the Hokkaido University Hospital in Japan.
  • RESULTS: The mean number of re-excisions required for complete tumor resection was 1.4 times.
  • Nine (60%) of the 15 patients obtained histological clearance of all surgical margins at the first re-excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20082361.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-9098
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Lally A, Bowling J: Contrasting vascular patterns: a helpful dermoscopic feature for identifying basal cell carcinoma within port wine stains. Dermatol Surg; 2010 Jun;36(6):950-1
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  • [Title] Contrasting vascular patterns: a helpful dermoscopic feature for identifying basal cell carcinoma within port wine stains.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / blood supply. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Facial Neoplasms / blood supply. Port-Wine Stain / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / blood supply. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Dermoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 20482729.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Yoo YS, Woo HY, Choi JH, Cho KR, Oh YT, Heo G: Balloon catheter assisted excision of benign cervical cyst. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2010 Aug;37(4):504-7
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  • OBJECTIVES: Benign cystic masses that develop in the neck are easily excised with a wide skin incision.
  • METHODS: Two cases with a branchial cleft cyst (BCC) were removed using this method without recurrence.
  • The surgical technique includes a skin incision above the cyst, and fine dissection to expose the cyst wall.
  • The final pathological diagnosis was BCC in the two cases.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20053514.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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61. Moehrle M, Breuninger H, Schippert W, Häfner HM: Letter: Imiquimod 5% cream as adjunctive therapy for primary, solitary, nodular basal cell carcinomas before Mohs micrographic surgery: a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled study. Dermatol Surg; 2010 Mar;36(3):428-30
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  • [Title] Letter: Imiquimod 5% cream as adjunctive therapy for primary, solitary, nodular basal cell carcinomas before Mohs micrographic surgery: a randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled study.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoquinolines / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Mohs Surgery. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Nose Neoplasms / drug therapy. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentOn] Dermatol Surg. 2009 Jan;35(1):24-9 [19018814.001]
  • (PMID = 20402949.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoquinolines; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 99011-02-6 / imiquimod
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62. Agero AL, Busam KJ, Benvenuto-Andrade C, Scope A, Gill M, Marghoob AA, González S, Halpern AC: Reflectance confocal microscopy of pigmented basal cell carcinoma. J Am Acad Dermatol; 2006 Apr;54(4):638-43
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  • [Title] Reflectance confocal microscopy of pigmented basal cell carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) is a high-resolution imaging tool for in vivo noninvasive evaluation of skin lesions.
  • OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the relevant RCM features for pigmented basal cell carcinoma (BCC).
  • METHODS: Pigmented skin lesions with a differential diagnosis of pigmented BCC were imaged using dermoscopy and RCM, followed by excision for histologic analysis.
  • LIMITATIONS: The pigmented BCCs imaged in this study were predominantly nodular; a different set or additional criteria may be necessary for detection of infiltrative and metatypical BCCs.
  • CONCLUSION: RCM may permit in vivo diagnosis of pigmented BCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Melanoma / diagnosis. Melanoma / pathology. Microscopy, Confocal. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16546585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6787
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Pisani C, Poggiali S, De Padova L, Andreassi A, Bilenchi R: Basal cell carcinoma of the vulva. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2006 Apr;20(4):446-8
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  • [Title] Basal cell carcinoma of the vulva.
  • Basal cell carcinoma (BCC), the most common human malignancy, accounting for 75% of all non-melanoma skin cancer, is uncommon on unexposed skin such as the perianal and genital regions.
  • We describe a woman with BCC of the vulva treated with local resection.
  • All margins of excision were free of disease.
  • Approximately 200 cases of BCC on perianal and genital skin have been reported in the literature.
  • Although the aetiology of vulvar BCC is not known, early diagnosis is important.
  • Because BCC in these sites sometimes seems innocuous, biopsy of all suspect lesions is advisable.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Vulvar Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16643146.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9959
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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64. Otley CC: Cost-effectiveness of Mohs micrographic surgery vs surgical excision for basal cell carcinoma of the face. Arch Dermatol; 2006 Sep;142(9):1235; author reply 1235-6
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  • [Title] Cost-effectiveness of Mohs micrographic surgery vs surgical excision for basal cell carcinoma of the face.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentOn] Arch Dermatol. 2006 Feb;142(2):187-94 [16490846.001]
  • (PMID = 16983019.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-987X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Xie J: Implications of hedgehog signaling antagonists for cancer therapy. Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai); 2008 Jul;40(7):670-80
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  • [Title] Implications of hedgehog signaling antagonists for cancer therapy.
  • The hedgehog (Hh) pathway, initially discovered in Drosophila by two Nobel laureates, Dr.
  • Eric Wieschaus and Dr.
  • Christiane Nusslein-Volhard, is a major regulator for cell differentiation, tissue polarity and cell proliferation.
  • Studies from many laboratories, including ours, reveal activation of this pathway in most basal cell carcinomas and in approximately 30% of extracutaneous human cancers, including medulloblastomas, gastrointestinal, lung, breast and prostate cancers.
  • Even more exciting is the discovery and synthesis of specific signaling antagonists for the Hh pathway, which have significant clinical implications in novel cancer therapeutics.
  • This review discusses the major advances in the current understanding of Hh signaling activation in different types of human cancers, the molecular basis of Hh signaling activation, the major antagonists for Hh signaling inhibition and their potential clinical application in human cancer therapy.

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  • (PMID = 18604459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1745-7270
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Biochim. Biophys. Sin. (Shanghai)
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA094160; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA094160-06A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA94160
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Hedgehog Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 149
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS56053; NLM/ PMC2515624
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66. Taneja S, Evans AJ, Rakha EA, Green AR, Ball G, Ellis IO: The mammographic correlations of a new immunohistochemical classification of invasive breast cancer. Clin Radiol; 2008 Nov;63(11):1228-35
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  • [Title] The mammographic correlations of a new immunohistochemical classification of invasive breast cancer.
  • AIM: Recent protein expression profiling of breast cancer has identified specific subtypes with clinical, biological, and therapeutic implications.
  • The aim of this study was to identify the mammographic correlates of these novel molecular classes of invasive breast cancer.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The mammographic findings of 415 patients with operable breast cancer were correlated with the previously described protein expression classes identified by our group using immunohistochemical (IHC) assessment of a large series of breast cancer cases prepared as tissue microarrays (TMAs).
  • Twenty-five proteins of known relevance in breast cancer were assessed, including hormone receptors, HER-2 status, basal and luminal markers, p53 expression, and E-cadherin.
  • Groups characterized by HER-2 overexpression, basal characteristics, and E-cadherin positivity had a significantly higher proportion of ill-defined masses.
  • CONCLUSION: The mammographic features of breast cancer show significant correlation with molecular classes of invasive breast cancer identified by protein expression IHC analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cadherins / metabolism. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Mammography. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism. Retrospective Studies. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism


67. Rollison DE, Giuliano AR, Sellers TA, Laronga C, Sweeney C, Risendal B, Baumgartner KB, Byers T, Slattery ML: Population-based case-control study of diabetes and breast cancer risk in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women living in US southwestern states. Am J Epidemiol; 2008 Feb 15;167(4):447-56
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  • [Title] Population-based case-control study of diabetes and breast cancer risk in Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women living in US southwestern states.
  • Diabetes mellitus has been associated with breast cancer, although no studies appear to have adequately assessed the association in Hispanic women, a population with a high prevalence of diabetes.
  • The authors investigated this association in a population-based case-control study of Hispanic and non-Hispanic White women living in the southwestern United States.
  • Breast cancer cases diagnosed in 1999-2004 were identified through state cancer registries (1,526 non-Hispanic Whites, 798 Hispanics).
  • Having any type of diabetes was not associated with breast cancer overall (odds ratio = 0.94, 95% confidence interval: 0.78, 1.12).
  • Type 2 diabetes was observed among 19% of Hispanics and 9% of non-Hispanic Whites but was not associated with breast cancer in either group.
  • Gestational diabetes was inversely associated with breast cancer in both ethnic groups, especially when first diagnosed at age < or =35 years (odds ratio = 0.54, 95% confidence interval: 0.37, 0.79).
  • In this study, diabetes was not associated with breast cancer overall, although the inverse association with gestational diabetes warrants further investigation.

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  • (PMID = 18033764.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-6256
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Epidemiol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078682-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA078682; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078552; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078762; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA078682-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078802; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078682; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA078552; United States / NCI NIH HHS / PC / N01-PC-67000; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA078762; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA078802
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS50878; NLM/ PMC2925515
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68. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Decline in breast cancer incidence--United States, 1999-2003. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep; 2007 Jun 8;56(22):549-53
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  • [Title] Decline in breast cancer incidence--United States, 1999-2003.
  • Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer among females in the United States.
  • The 2006 Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer described a stabilization in female breast cancer incidence rates during 2001-2003, ending increases that began in the 1980s, and a decline in the number of breast cancer cases diagnosed in 2003.
  • In addition, researchers who used 1990-2003 data from the National Cancer Institute's (NCI's) Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program, representing approximately 14% of the U.S. population, reported a 7% decrease in invasive breast cancer rates from 2002 to 2003.
  • To further assess breast cancer annual incidence rates during 1999-2003, CDC analyzed data collected by CDC's National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) and the NCI SEER program.
  • The results of this analysis indicated that age-adjusted incidence rates for invasive breast cancer decreased each year during 1999-2003, with the greatest decrease (6.1%) occurring from 2002 to 2003; women aged > or = 50 years experienced a significant decrease during this period.
  • Rates of in situ (i.e., noninvasive) breast cancer increased each year during 1999-2002 and then decreased from 2002 to 2003; women aged 50-79 years experienced a significant decrease during this period.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17557070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-861X
  • [Journal-full-title] MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
  • [ISO-abbreviation] MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Sellers TA, Jensen LE, Vierkant RA, Fredericksen ZS, Brandt KR, Giuliano AR, Pankratz VS, Cerhan JR, Vachon CM: Association of diabetes with mammographic breast density and breast cancer in the Minnesota breast cancer family study. Cancer Causes Control; 2007 Jun;18(5):505-15
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  • [Title] Association of diabetes with mammographic breast density and breast cancer in the Minnesota breast cancer family study.
  • Data from the Minnesota Breast Cancer Family Study cohort (n=6,130 women) were used to examine the association of type II diabetes with mammographic percent density and incident breast cancer (BC).
  • The first set of analyses evaluated diabetes (DM) as a risk factor for breast cancer.
  • A total of 403 women (6.6%) reported a diagnosis of type II diabetes and 333 women reported an incident breast cancer.
  • Women who reported type II diabetes had an age-adjusted relative risk (RR) for breast cancer of 1.44 (95% CI 0.89-2.32) compared to those who did not.
  • Breast cancer cases with diabetes did not have a significantly higher percent density than cases without diabetes.
  • Our findings suggest that breast cancer risk may be increased among women with type II diabetes, but that type II diabetes does not significantly influence mammographic breast density.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / complications. Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology. Mammography


70. Rajadhyaksha M: Confocal microscopy of skin cancers: translational advances toward clinical utility. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc; 2009;2009:3231-3
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  • [Title] Confocal microscopy of skin cancers: translational advances toward clinical utility.
  • Recent advances in translational research in and technology for confocal microscopy of skin cancers, toward clinical applications, are described.
  • Advances in translational research are in diagnosis of melanoma in vivo, pre-operative mapping of lentigo maligna melanoma margins to guide surgery and intra-operative imaging of residual basal cell carcinomas to guide shave-biopsy.
  • Advances in technology include mosaicing microscopy for detection of basal cell carcinomas in large areas of excised tissue, toward rapid pathology-at-the-bedside, and development of small, simple and low-cost line-scanning confocal microscopes for worldwide use in diverse primary healthcare settings.
  • [MeSH-major] Microscopy, Confocal / methods. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Biopsy. Dermatology / instrumentation. Dermatology / methods. Dermoscopy / methods. Equipment Design. Humans. Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle / diagnosis. Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle / pathology. Melanoma / diagnosis. Melanoma / pathology. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity. Ultraviolet Rays

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  • (PMID = 19964286.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-170X
  • [Journal-full-title] Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB002715; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01EB002715; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R43 CA093106; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01EB006947; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA008748; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R44 CA093106; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB006947
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS582452; NLM/ PMC4040219
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71. Aulmann C, Seufert P, Sandherr M, Schlimok G, Schulze R, Oruzio D: [A 65-year-old female patient with breast cancer accompanied by thrombocytopenia and hyperfibrinolysis]. Internist (Berl); 2007 Sep;48(9):1015-9
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  • [Title] [A 65-year-old female patient with breast cancer accompanied by thrombocytopenia and hyperfibrinolysis].
  • Low platelet counts and hyperfibrinolysis led to the diagnosis of recurrent breast cancer in this case.
  • A tumour disease with disturbed hemostasis caused by both plasmatic coagulation and thrombocytopenia has not yet been reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / complications. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Fibrinolysis. Hemorrhagic Disorders / complications. Hemorrhagic Disorders / diagnosis. Thrombocytopenia / complications. Thrombocytopenia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Paraneoplastic Syndromes / complications. Paraneoplastic Syndromes / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17704902.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-9554
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Internist
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Internist (Berl)
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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72. Mosterd K, Arits AH, Thissen MR, Kelleners-Smeets NW: Histology-based treatment of basal cell carcinoma. Acta Derm Venereol; 2009;89(5):454-8
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  • [Title] Histology-based treatment of basal cell carcinoma.
  • Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer and its incidence is still rising.
  • Selection criteria were histological subtype, primary or recurrent basal cell carcinoma and tumour localization.
  • Although surgery remains the preferred treatment for most basal cell carcinomas, patient and tumour characteristics should be taken into account when choosing the most suitable treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / therapy. Cryotherapy. Mohs Surgery. Photochemotherapy. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Evidence-Based Medicine. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Patient Selection. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] Acta Derm Venereol. 2009;89(5):450-2 [19734965.001]
  • [ErratumIn] Acta Derm Venereol. 2009 Nov;89(6):667
  • (PMID = 19734968.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-2057
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta dermato-venereologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Derm. Venereol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 36
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73. Megehee JA, Hosler JP, Lundrigan MD: Evidence for a cytochrome bcc-aa3 interaction in the respiratory chain of Mycobacterium smegmatis. Microbiology; 2006 Mar;152(Pt 3):823-9
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  • [Title] Evidence for a cytochrome bcc-aa3 interaction in the respiratory chain of Mycobacterium smegmatis.
  • Spectroscopic analysis of membranes isolated from Mycobacterium smegmatis, along with analysis of its genome, indicates that the cytochrome c branch of its respiratory pathway consists of a modified bc1 complex that contains two cytochromes c in its c1 subunit, similar to other acid-fast bacteria, and an aa3-type cytochrome c oxidase.
  • A functional association of the cytochrome bcc and aa3 complexes was indicated by the findings that levels of detergent sufficient to completely disrupt isolated membranes failed to inhibit quinol-driven O2 reduction, but known inhibitors of the bc1 complex did inhibit quinol-driven O2 reduction.
  • However, high concentrations of monovalent salts had no effect on O2 reduction, suggesting that ionic interactions between extramembrane domains do not play the major role in stabilizing the bcc-aa3 interaction.
  • The results indicate that hydrophobic interactions are the primary forces maintaining the bcc-aa3 interaction, but ionic interactions may assist in aligning the two complexes for efficient electron transfer.
  • [MeSH-major] Electron Transport Complex III / metabolism. Electron Transport Complex IV / metabolism. Mycobacterium smegmatis / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Membrane / enzymology. Electron Transport. Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions. Oxygen Consumption

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  • (PMID = 16514162.001).
  • [ISSN] 1350-0872
  • [Journal-full-title] Microbiology (Reading, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microbiology (Reading, Engl.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / GM56824
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.10.2.2 / Electron Transport Complex III; EC 1.9.3.1 / Electron Transport Complex IV
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74. Jahagirdar SS, Thakre TP, Kale SM, Kulkarni H, Mamtani M: A clinicopathological study of eyelid malignancies from central India. Indian J Ophthalmol; 2007 Mar-Apr;55(2):109-12
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  • The treatment depends on the invasiveness of the cancer which in turn depends on the type of malignancy.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We report a series of 27 cases of eyelid malignancies.
  • In the same case series, we also include a case of malignant hemangiopericytoma which is an extremely rare form of eyelid malignancy worldwide.
  • RESULTS: We observed that sebaceous cell carcinoma (approximately 37%) was almost as prevalent as basal cell carcinoma (approximately 44%) in the study subjects and had an earlier age of occurrence and a more rapid clinical course.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Sebaceous cell carcinoma of the eyelid is almost as common as basal cell carcinoma in a large tertiary care centre in central India.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / surgery. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hemangiopericytoma / epidemiology. Hemangiopericytoma / pathology. Hemangiopericytoma / surgery. Humans. India / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Prevalence. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17322599.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-4738
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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75. Zarineh A, Kozovska ME, Brown WG, Elder DE, Rabkin MS: Smooth muscle hamartoma associated with a congenital pattern melanocytic nevus, a case report and review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Oct;35 Suppl 1:83-6
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  • [Title] Smooth muscle hamartoma associated with a congenital pattern melanocytic nevus, a case report and review of the literature.
  • Unlike a recently reported case of SMH combined with a melanocytic nevus and basal cell carcinoma, the current lesion did not occur in association with a Becker's nevus.
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. MART-1 Antigen. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright Blackwell Munksgaard 2008.
  • (PMID = 18544054.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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76. Kolár Z, Geierová M, Bouchal J, Pazdera J, Zboril V, Tvrdý P: Immunohistochemical analysis of the biological potential of odontogenic keratocysts. J Oral Pathol Med; 2006 Feb;35(2):75-80
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  • RESULTS: Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) keratocysts were characterized by higher expression of Bcl-2, p27Kip1 and c-erbB-2 as well as by lower proliferative activity measured by Ki-67 in basal cell epithelium and by a lower inflammatory response in comparison with sporadic keratocysts.
  • Dentigerous, radicular and non-specified odontogenic cysts differed from both NBCCS and sporadic keratocysts in a wide spectrum of apoptosis and/or cell cycle-related protein expressions, higher proliferation in the basal cell layer, and vice versa, lower proliferation in the suprabasal cell layer.
  • [MeSH-minor] Apoptosis / physiology. Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / analysis. Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome / metabolism. Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome / pathology. Biology. Biomarkers / analysis. Cell Cycle Proteins / analysis. Cell Proliferation. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27 / analysis. Dentigerous Cyst / chemistry. Dentigerous Cyst / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Epithelium / chemistry. Epithelium / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Immunophenotyping. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Prognosis. Protein Kinase Inhibitors / analysis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / analysis. Radicular Cyst / chemistry. Radicular Cyst / pathology. Receptor, ErbB-2 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16430736.001).
  • [ISSN] 0904-2512
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Pathol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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77. Thievessen I, Wolter M, Prior A, Seifert HH, Schulz WA: Hedgehog signaling in normal urothelial cells and in urothelial carcinoma cell lines. J Cell Physiol; 2005 May;203(2):372-7
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  • [Title] Hedgehog signaling in normal urothelial cells and in urothelial carcinoma cell lines.
  • Constitutive activation of hedgehog signaling, often caused by PTCH1 inactivation and leading to inappropriate activation of GLI target genes, is crucial for the development of several human tumors including basal cell carcinoma of the skin and medulloblastoma.
  • The PTCH1 gene at 9q22 is also considered as a candidate tumor suppressor in transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), of which >50% show LOH in this region.
  • We have therefore investigated GLI-dependent promoter activity and expression of hedgehog pathway components in TCC cell lines and proliferating normal urothelial cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / metabolism. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / physiology. Signal Transduction / physiology. Trans-Activators / metabolism. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / metabolism. Urothelium / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Hedgehog Proteins. Humans. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics. Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism. Transcription Factors / genetics. Transcription Factors / metabolism. Veratrum Alkaloids / pharmacology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2004 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15521068.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9541
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cellular physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cell. Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / GLI1 protein, human; 0 / Hedgehog Proteins; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / SHH protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Veratrum Alkaloids; 0 / patched receptors; ZH658AJ192 / cyclopamine
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78. Turkovic L, Gurrin LC, Bahlo M, Dite GS, Southey MC, Hopper JL: Comparing the frequency of common genetic variants and haplotypes between carriers and non-carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 deleterious mutations in Australian women diagnosed with breast cancer before 40 years of age. BMC Cancer; 2010;10:466
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  • [Title] Comparing the frequency of common genetic variants and haplotypes between carriers and non-carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 deleterious mutations in Australian women diagnosed with breast cancer before 40 years of age.
  • BACKGROUND: BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations are found in a proportion of families with multiple early-onset breast cancers.
  • METHODS: DNA sequence data for BRCA1 and BRCA2 was obtained from 571 participants from the Australian Breast Cancer Family Study.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We observed differences in the frequency of common genetic variants of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 and their haplotypes between early-onset breast cancer cases who did and did not carry deleterious mutations in these genes.
  • [MeSH-major] BRCA1 Protein / genetics. BRCA2 Protein / genetics. Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Germ-Line Mutation / genetics. Haplotypes / genetics. Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Australia. Case-Control Studies. Female. Founder Effect. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Risk Factors. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20807450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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79. Silva Idos S, De Stavola B, McCormack V, Collaborative Group on Pre-Natal Risk Factors and Subsequent Risk of Breast Cancer: Birth size and breast cancer risk: re-analysis of individual participant data from 32 studies. PLoS Med; 2008 Sep 30;5(9):e193
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  • [Title] Birth size and breast cancer risk: re-analysis of individual participant data from 32 studies.
  • BACKGROUND: Birth size, perhaps a proxy for prenatal environment, might be a correlate of subsequent breast cancer risk, but findings from epidemiological studies have been inconsistent.
  • We re-analysed individual participant data from published and unpublished studies to obtain more precise estimates of the magnitude and shape of the birth size-breast cancer association.
  • Individual participant data from 32 studies, comprising 22,058 breast cancer cases, were obtained.
  • Birth weight was positively associated with breast cancer risk in studies based on birth records (pooled relative risk [RR] per one standard deviation [SD] [= 0.5 kg] increment in birth weight: 1.06; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-1.09) and parental recall when the participants were children (1.02; 95% CI 0.99-1.05), but not in those based on adult self-reports, or maternal recall during the woman's adulthood (0.98; 95% CI 0.95-1.01) (p for heterogeneity between data sources = 0.003).
  • Birth length and head circumference from birth records were also positively associated with breast cancer risk (pooled RR per one SD increment: 1.06 [95% CI 1.03-1.10] and 1.09 [95% CI 1.03-1.15], respectively).
  • The birth size effects did not appear to be confounded or mediated by established breast cancer risk factors and were not modified by age or menopausal status.
  • The cumulative incidence of breast cancer per 100 women by age 80 y in the study populations was estimated to be 10.0, 10.0, 10.4, and 11.5 in those who were, respectively, in the bottom, second, third, and top fourths of the birth length distribution.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This pooled analysis of individual participant data is consistent with birth size, and in particular birth length, being an independent correlate of breast cancer risk in adulthood.

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  • [CommentIn] PLoS Med. 2008 Sep 30;5(9):e194 [18828668.001]
  • (PMID = 18828667.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-1676
  • [Journal-full-title] PLoS medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS Med.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / C14292/A5609; United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / C150/A5660
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2553821
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80. Eliassen AH, Missmer SA, Tworoger SS, Spiegelman D, Barbieri RL, Dowsett M, Hankinson SE: Endogenous steroid hormone concentrations and risk of breast cancer among premenopausal women. J Natl Cancer Inst; 2006 Oct 4;98(19):1406-15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endogenous steroid hormone concentrations and risk of breast cancer among premenopausal women.
  • BACKGROUND: Higher levels of endogenous sex steroid hormones are associated with increased risks of breast cancer in postmenopausal women.
  • We prospectively evaluated associations between plasma sex hormone levels and breast cancer risk among premenopausal women in a case-control study nested within the Nurses' Health Study II.
  • A total of 197 cases of breast cancer were diagnosed among these women after blood collection and before June 1, 2003; these case subjects were matched to 394 control subjects.
  • Logistic regression models, controlling for breast cancer risk factors, were used to calculate relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
  • RESULTS: Women in the highest (versus the lowest) quartiles of follicular total and free estradiol levels had statistically significantly increased risks of breast cancer (RR = 2.1 [95% CI = 1.1 to 4.1], P(trend) = .08, and RR = 2.4 [95% CI = 1.3 to 4.5], P(trend) = .01, respectively); the associations were stronger for invasive breast cancer and for estrogen and progesterone receptor-positive (ER+/PR+) tumors.
  • Luteal estradiol levels were not associated with breast cancer risk.
  • Higher levels of total and free testosterone and androstenedione in both menstrual cycle phases were associated with modest, non-statistically significant increases in overall risk of breast cancer and with stronger, statistically significant increases in risks of invasive and ER+/PR+ cancers (e.g., RR of invasive cancers for the top [versus bottom] quartile of luteal total testosterone levels = 2.0 [95% CI = 1.1 to 3.6], P(trend) = .05, and RR of ER+/PR+ cancers = 2.9 [95% CI = 1.4 to 6.0], P(trend) = .02).
  • Levels of estrone, estrone sulfate, progesterone, and sex hormone-binding globulin were not associated with breast cancer risk.
  • The absolute number of cases observed over 3 years were 30 among women in the lowest 25% of follicular total estradiol levels and 50 among women in the highest 25%.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Levels of circulating estrogens and androgens may be important in the etiology of premenopausal breast cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Gonadal Steroid Hormones / blood. Premenopause
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Androgens / blood. Case-Control Studies. Estradiol / blood. Estradiol / metabolism. Estrogens / blood. Female. Humans. Logistic Models. Nurses / statistics & numerical data. Odds Ratio. Ovarian Follicle / metabolism. Prospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin / metabolism. Surveys and Questionnaires. United States / epidemiology

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  • [CommentIn] J Natl Cancer Inst. 2007 Mar 7;99(5):408-9; author reply 409-10 [17341734.001]
  • (PMID = 17018787.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2105
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Natl. Cancer Inst.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA50385; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA67262; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R25 CA098566-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA090001-281
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgens; 0 / Estrogens; 0 / Gonadal Steroid Hormones; 0 / Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol
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81. Smeets R, Kolk A, Gerressen M, Driemel O, Maciejewski O, Hermanns-Sachweh B, Riediger D, Stein JM: A new biphasic osteoinductive calcium composite material with a negative Zeta potential for bone augmentation. Head Face Med; 2009;5:13
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  • The aim of the present study was to analyze the osteogenic potential of a biphasic calcium composite material (BCC) with a negative surface charge for maxillary sinus floor augmentation.
  • In a 61 year old patient, the BCC material was used in a bilateral sinus floor augmentation procedure.
  • The BCC was biocompatible and replaced by new mineralized bone after being resorbed completely.

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  • (PMID = 19523239.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & face medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Face Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bone Substitutes; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2706807
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82. Dong X, Reddy GB: Soil bacterial communities in constructed wetlands treated with swine wastewater using PCR-DGGE technique. Bioresour Technol; 2010 Feb;101(4):1175-82
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  • The results showed that the bacterial colony forming units (CFU) and the average concentrations of total nitrogen, NH(4)(+), total phosphorous (TP) and PO(4)(3-) from the influent to the effluent decreased.
  • The NH(4)(+) and the PO(4)(3-) concentrations showed the most dramatic changes, with decreases of 39.97% and 16.92%, respectively.
  • Bacterium species distributions strongly correlated with the concentrations of TP, NH(4)(+) and the PO(4)(3-).

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  • (PMID = 19822421.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2976
  • [Journal-full-title] Bioresource technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bioresour. Technol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
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83. Scheithauer BK, Wos-Oxley ML, Ferslev B, Jablonowski H, Pieper DH: Characterization of the complex bacterial communities colonizing biliary stents reveals a host-dependent diversity. ISME J; 2009 Jul;3(7):797-807
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  • [Title] Characterization of the complex bacterial communities colonizing biliary stents reveals a host-dependent diversity.
  • This study provides a comprehensive survey of the spatial and temporal bacterial composition of biliary stent biofilms.
  • The bacterial diversity, distribution and dynamics of 59 biliary and 4 pancreatic stent communities from 40 patients being treated at two different hospitals, which implant stents either simultaneously or consecutively, were characterized by single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis.
  • Co-colonization of Veillonella sp., Streptococcus anginosus and organisms closely related to Fusobacterium nucleatum revealed a potentially important attachment and survival strategy that has yet to be reported in biliary stents.
  • This work reveals a more complete survey of the identities of bacterial species that form biofilms in biliary stents, their co-colonization patterns and the natural variation in species composition between different patients, hospitals and locations along the stent.

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  • (PMID = 19360025.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-7370
  • [Journal-full-title] The ISME journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ISME J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ EU704129/ EU704130/ EU704131/ EU704132/ EU704133/ EU704134/ EU704135/ EU704136/ EU704137/ EU704138/ EU704139/ EU704140/ EU704141/ EU704142/ EU704143/ EU704144/ EU704145/ EU704146/ EU704147/ EU704148/ EU704149/ EU704150/ EU704151/ EU704152/ EU704153/ EU704154/ EU704155/ EU704156/ EU704157/ EU704158/ EU704159/ EU704160/ EU704161/ EU704162/ EU704163/ EU704164/ EU704165/ EU704166/ EU704167/ EU704168/ EU704169/ EU704170/ EU704171/ EU704172/ EU704173/ EU704174/ EU704175/ EU704176/ EU704177/ EU704178/ EU704179/ EU704180/ EU704181/ EU704182/ EU704183/ EU704184/ EU704185/ EU704186/ EU704187/ EU704188/ EU704189/ EU704190/ EU704191/ EU704192/ EU704193/ EU704194/ EU704195/ EU704196/ EU704197/ EU704198/ EU704199/ EU704200/ EU704201/ EU704202/ EU704203/ EU704204/ EU704205/ EU704206/ EU704207/ EU704208/ EU704209/ EU704210/ EU704211/ EU704212/ EU704213/ EU704214/ EU704215/ EU704216/ EU704217/ EU704218/ EU704219/ EU704220/ EU704221/ EU704222/ EU704223/ EU704224/ EU704225/ EU704226/ EU704227/ EU704228/ EU704229/ EU704230/ EU704231/ EU704232/ EU704233/ EU704234/ EU704235/ EU704236/ EU704237/ EU704238/ EU704239/ EU704240/ EU704241/ EU704242/ EU704243/ EU704244/ EU704245/ EU704246/ EU704247/ EU704248/ EU704249/ EU704250/ EU915501/ EU915502/ EU915503/ EU915504
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Ribosomal; 0 / RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
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84. Wang Z, Xu Y, Tang J, Ma H, Qin J, Lu C, Wang X, Hu Z, Wang X, Shen H: A polymorphism in Werner syndrome gene is associated with breast cancer susceptibility in Chinese women. Breast Cancer Res Treat; 2009 Nov;118(1):169-75
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A polymorphism in Werner syndrome gene is associated with breast cancer susceptibility in Chinese women.
  • RecQ helicases play a central role in maintaining genome stability and may interact with some important cancer-related proteins such as BRCA1.
  • Mutations of the human RecQ helicase genes WRN and BLM lead to rare autosomal recessive disorders, Werner and Bloom syndromes, which are associated with premature aging and cancer predisposition, including breast cancer.
  • In this case-control study of 1,004 breast cancer cases and 1,008 controls, we tested the hypothesis that non-conservative amino acid exchanges in WRN (leu1074Phe), BLM (Met298Thr) and BRCA1 (Pro871Leu) are independently or jointly associated with the risk of breast cancer in Chinese women.
  • We found that the variant genotype of WRN Leu1074Phe was associated with a 1.36-fold significantly increased risk of breast cancer (OR = 1.36, 95% CI = 1.06-1.74).
  • Subjects carrying Phe/Phe genotype and with earlier age at menarche had 3.58-fold increased risk of breast cancer (OR = 3.58, 95% CI = 2.54-5.05).
  • These findings indicate that WRN leu1074Phe variant may contribute to the susceptibility of breast cancer in Chinese women.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Exodeoxyribonucleases / genetics. Genes, Neoplasm. Menarche / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide. RecQ Helicases / genetics. Werner Syndrome / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Amino Acid Substitution. Case-Control Studies. China / epidemiology. Female. Genes, BRCA1. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Genotype. Humans. Menopause. Middle Aged. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis. Risk

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  • (PMID = 19205873.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7217
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast cancer research and treatment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast Cancer Res. Treat.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; EC 3.1.- / Exodeoxyribonucleases; EC 3.6.1.- / Bloom syndrome protein; EC 3.6.1.- / WRN protein, human; EC 3.6.4.12 / RecQ Helicases
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85. Kuo WH, Yen AM, Lee PH, Chen KM, Wang J, Chang KJ, Chen TH, Tsau HS: Cumulative survival in early-onset unilateral and bilateral breast cancer: an analysis of 1907 Taiwanese women. Br J Cancer; 2009 Feb 24;100(4):563-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cumulative survival in early-onset unilateral and bilateral breast cancer: an analysis of 1907 Taiwanese women.
  • As the epidemiological pattern of breast cancer in modernising Asian countries differs greatly from that in Western countries, it is worthwhile to investigate the long-term prognoses of unilateral and bilateral breast cancer in these nations.
  • A retrospective cohort study composed of 1907 Taiwanese women was conducted to follow 1863 unilateral and 44 bilateral cases of breast cancer.
  • Time-dependent Cox regression was used to assess the risk of breast cancer death by considering the time course of unilateral and bilateral tumour development.
  • The 15-year survival rates were 68.37, 62.63, and 26.42% for unilateral, synchronous bilateral, and metachronous bilateral breast cancer, respectively.
  • After adjusting for significant prognostic factors, the risk of death for overall bilateral breast cancer was 2.50-fold greater (95% CI, 1.43-4.37) compared to unilateral breast cancer.
  • The corresponding figures were 1.12-fold (95% CI, 0.42-3.02) and 6.11-fold (95% CI, 3.14-11.89) for synchronous and metachronous bilateral breast cancer, respectively.
  • Taiwanese women, who are frequently diagnosed with breast cancer before 50 years of age, showed poorer survival for metachronous bilateral than for synchronous bilateral or unilateral breast cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / mortality. Breast Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19190627.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2653740
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86. Melchor L, Honrado E, Huang J, Alvarez S, Naylor TL, García MJ, Osorio A, Blesa D, Stratton MR, Weber BL, Cigudosa JC, Rahman N, Nathanson KL, Benítez J: Estrogen receptor status could modulate the genomic pattern in familial and sporadic breast cancer. Clin Cancer Res; 2007 Dec 15;13(24):7305-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Estrogen receptor status could modulate the genomic pattern in familial and sporadic breast cancer.
  • PURPOSE: Familial breast cancer represents 5% to 10% of all breast tumors.
  • Mutations in the two known major breast cancer susceptibility genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, account for a minority of familial breast cancer, whereas families without mutations in these genes (BRCAX group) account for 70% of familial breast cancer cases.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To better characterize and define the genomic differences between the three classes of familial tumors and sporadic malignancies, we have analyzed 19 BRCA1, 24 BRCA2, and 31 BRCAX samples from familial breast cancer patients and 19 sporadic breast tumors using a 1-Mb resolution bacterial artificial chromosome array-based comparative genomic hybridization.
  • There were common genomic alterations present in all breast cancer groups, such as gains of 1q and 16p or losses of 8ptel-p12 and 16q.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Genes, BRCA1. Genes, BRCA2. Genomic Instability. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Chromosomes, Artificial, Bacterial. Female. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Humans. Mutation. Nucleic Acid Hybridization


87. Homaei-Shandiz F, Ghavam-Nassiri MR, Sharifi N, Homaei-Shandiz AH, Taghizadeh-Kermani A, Torshizi SA, Ghafarzadegan K: Evaluation of the relationship between human epidermal growth factor receptor-2/neu (c-erbB-2) amplification and pathologic grading in patients with breast cancer. Saudi Med J; 2006 Dec;27(12):1810-4
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  • [Title] Evaluation of the relationship between human epidermal growth factor receptor-2/neu (c-erbB-2) amplification and pathologic grading in patients with breast cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: The human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2)/neu is a proto-oncogene that is amplified in 10-30% of breast cancers.
  • We studied the relationship between its amplification and different histological gradings of breast cancer.
  • METHODS: We studied 196 patients diagnosed with breast cancer in 2005 at the Omid and Ghaem Training Hospital, Mashhad Medical University, Iran.
  • RESULTS: Sixty-seven (34.2%) cases were HER-2/neu positive and 129 (65.8%) cases were HER-2/neu negative.
  • Overexpression of HER-2/neu was significantly higher in breast cancer patients <30 years (50% versus 33.3%, p=0.034).
  • Twelve (17.5%) of HER-2/neu positive cases were metastatic and only 4 (3.1%) of HER-2/neu negative cases had metastasis (p=0.051).
  • CONCLUSION: HER-2/neu gene amplification or its overexpression is detected in approximately 34.2% of breast cancer cases.
  • Patients with HER-2/neu positive breast cancer have higher stage and grade diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Gene Amplification. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics. Receptor, ErbB-2 / genetics


88. Kleinerman RA: Radiation-sensitive genetically susceptible pediatric sub-populations. Pediatr Radiol; 2009 Feb;39 Suppl 1:S27-31
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  • Major advances in pediatric cancer treatment have resulted in substantial improvements in survival.
  • However, concern has emerged about the late effects of cancer therapy, especially radiation-related second cancers.
  • Studies of childhood cancer patients with inherited cancer syndromes can provide insights into the interaction between radiation and genetic susceptibility to multiple cancers.
  • Children with retinoblastoma (Rb), neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), Li-Fraumeni syndrome (LFS), and nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) are at substantial risk of developing radiation-related second and third cancers.
  • Studies of NF1 patients irradiated for optic pathway gliomas have reported increased risks of developing another cancer associated with radiotherapy.
  • Children with NBCCS are very sensitive to radiation and develop multiple basal cell cancers in irradiated areas.
  • [MeSH-major] Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / genetics. Neoplasms, Second Primary / genetics. Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome / genetics. Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome / radiotherapy. Child. Humans. Li-Fraumeni Syndrome. Neurofibromatosis 1 / genetics. Neurofibromatosis 1 / radiotherapy. Radiation Dosage. Retinal Neoplasms / genetics. Retinal Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Retinoblastoma / genetics. Retinoblastoma / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 19083227.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0449
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CP010131-12
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 39
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS75740; NLM/ PMC2656401
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89. Gurgel CA, Ramos EA, Azevedo RA, Sarmento VA, da Silva Carvalho AM, dos Santos JN: Expression of Ki-67, p53 and p63 proteins in keratocyst odontogenic tumours: an immunohistochemical study. J Mol Histol; 2008 Jun;39(3):311-6
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  • METHODS: Immunohistochemical technique was performed using the EnVision System in 37 cases of KOTs.
  • No difference in the immunostaining for these proteins was observed between primary and recurrent KOTs (Ki-67: P = 0.5591; p53: P = 0.9847; p63: P = 0.9127), or between KOTs associated with Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (NBCCS) and sporadic KOTs (Ki-67: P = 0.7013; p53: P = 0.3197; p63: P = 0.2427).
  • In addition, p63 immunostaining may represent immaturity of keratinocytes in KOTs, and suggests that this protein may participate in the regulation of epithelial cell differentiation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies. Cell Count. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Transcription Factors

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  • (PMID = 18256893.001).
  • [ISSN] 1567-2379
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of molecular histology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Mol. Histol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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90. Newman MD, Weinberg JM: Topical therapy in the treatment of actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma. Cutis; 2007 Apr;79(4 Suppl):18-28
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  • [Title] Topical therapy in the treatment of actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma.
  • Actinic keratosis (AK) is an evolving malignant cutaneous neoplasm.
  • AK also is known as solar keratosis and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in situ, either solar keratotic type or keratinocytic intraepidermal neoplasia.
  • Topical treatment of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) with imiquimod also will be discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / drug therapy. Keratosis / drug therapy. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17508492.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors; 0 / Retinoids; 0 / Tubulin Modulators
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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91. Ahlgrimm-Siess V, Horn M, Koller S, Ludwig R, Gerger A, Hofmann-Wellenhof R: Monitoring efficacy of cryotherapy for superficial basal cell carcinomas with in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy: a preliminary study. J Dermatol Sci; 2009 Jan;53(1):60-4
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  • [Title] Monitoring efficacy of cryotherapy for superficial basal cell carcinomas with in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy: a preliminary study.
  • BACKGROUND: Superficial BCCs (sBCCs) usually appear as multiple lesions in chronic sun-damaged skin of elderly people and may show a destructive growth if left untreated.
  • Non-invasive treatment modalities, such as cryotherapy have been employed for sBCCs, all failing to provide tissue for confirming diagnosis and assessing adequacy of tumour removal.
  • Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM), a new non-invasive imaging technique has proven to be a useful tool for detection of basal cell carcinoma in vivo.
  • RESULTS: Characteristic RCM-features of BCC were present in all lesions before cryotherapy.
  • Five hours after cryotherapy, all 10 sBCCs showed small bright round to polygonal structures at basal layer and black round to oval areas of varying size with such bright structures floating therein, correlating to cell necrosis and incipient blistering.
  • Eight sBCCs showed also cell necrosis in upper dermis.
  • CONCLUSION: Early cell necrosis within upper dermal structures seems to correlate with ablation of overlying tumour tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / therapy. Cryotherapy / methods. Microscopy, Confocal. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Female. Humans. Male. Necrosis. Skin / pathology. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18829267.001).
  • [ISSN] 0923-1811
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of dermatological science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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92. Zhang G, Luo X, Sumithran E, Pua VS, Barnetson RS, Halliday GM, Khachigian LM: Squamous cell carcinoma growth in mice and in culture is regulated by c-Jun and its control of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 expression. Oncogene; 2006 Nov 23;25(55):7260-6
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  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma growth in mice and in culture is regulated by c-Jun and its control of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 expression.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an invasive malignancy of epidermal keratinocytes.
  • The transcription factor c-Jun is expressed in human SCC and another common form of invasive skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma together with the mitogenic marker-proliferating cell nuclear antigen.
  • These findings demonstrate that c-Jun regulates SCC growth and suggest that DNAzymes targeting this transcription factor may potentially be useful as inhibitors of cutaneous carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Cell Division / physiology. Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16785994.001).
  • [ISSN] 0950-9232
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncogene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncogene
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Catalytic; 0 / Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun; EC 3.4.24.24 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
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93. Reszec J, Sulkowski S: The expression of P53 protein and infection of human papilloma virus in conjunctival and eyelid neoplasms. Int J Mol Med; 2005 Oct;16(4):559-64
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  • The aim of this study was to evaluate P53 protein expression and to detect HPV in the tissue samples of 45 benign (papillomas) and 38 malignant conjunctival and eyelid lesions (27 basal cell carcinomas and 11 squamous cell carcinomas).
  • We revealed P53 protein expression in 30 out of 45 (66.6%) squamous cell papillomas.
  • In the SCC and BCC groups, P53 was present in 31 out of 38 carcinomas and there was a statistically significant correlation between histological type of tumor and P53 protein expression.
  • Malignant type HPV 16 and 18 were detected in three squamous cell papillomas, two BCCs and one SCC.
  • However, we observed P53 protein expression in only two HPV-positive papillomas and one infiltrative type of BCC.
  • P53 is probably involved in the development of conjunctival and eyelid tumors due to its high rate of presence in both benign and malignant neoplasms of these organs.
  • In some cases its role in the pathogenesis of conjunctival and eyelid tumorigenesis should be considered as auxiliary.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / virology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology. Humans. Middle Aged. Papilloma / metabolism. Papilloma / pathology. Papilloma / virology

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  • (PMID = 16142387.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-3756
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of molecular medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Mol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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94. Riemann L, Leitet C, Pommier T, Simu K, Holmfeldt K, Larsson U, Hagström A: The native bacterioplankton community in the central baltic sea is influenced by freshwater bacterial species. Appl Environ Microbiol; 2008 Jan;74(2):503-15
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  • [Title] The native bacterioplankton community in the central baltic sea is influenced by freshwater bacterial species.
  • The Baltic Sea is one of the largest brackish environments on Earth.
  • Despite extensive knowledge about food web interactions and pelagic ecosystem functioning, information about the bacterial community composition in the Baltic Sea is scarce.
  • We hypothesized that due to the eutrophic low-salinity environment and the long water residence time (>5 years), the bacterioplankton community from the Baltic proper shows a native "brackish" composition influenced by both freshwater and marine phylotypes.
  • The bacterial community composition in surface water (3-m depth) was examined at a single station throughout a full year.
  • Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) showed that the community composition changed over the year.
  • Further, it indicated that at the four extensive samplings (16S rRNA gene clone libraries and bacterial isolates from low- and high-nutrient agar plates and seawater cultures), different bacterial assemblages associated with different environmental conditions were present.
  • Overall, the sequencing of 26 DGGE bands, 160 clones, 209 plate isolates, and 9 dilution culture isolates showed that the bacterial assemblage in surface waters of the central Baltic Sea was dominated by Bacteroidetes but exhibited a pronounced influence of typical freshwater phylogenetic groups within Actinobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and Betaproteobacteria and a lack of typical marine taxa.
  • This first comprehensive analysis of bacterial community composition in the central Baltic Sea points to the existence of an autochthonous estuarine community uniquely adapted to the environmental conditions prevailing in this brackish environment.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacteria / growth & development. Fresh Water / microbiology. Plankton / growth & development. Seawater / microbiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actinobacteria / classification. Actinobacteria / genetics. Actinobacteria / growth & development. Animals. Bacteroidetes / classification. Bacteroidetes / genetics. Bacteroidetes / growth & development. Betaproteobacteria / classification. Betaproteobacteria / genetics. Betaproteobacteria / growth & development. Ecosystem. Molecular Sequence Data. Phylogeny. Polymerase Chain Reaction. RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics. Sequence Analysis, DNA

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  • (PMID = 18039821.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-5336
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied and environmental microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
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  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2223248
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95. Moskalik K, Kozlov A, Demin E, Boiko E: The efficacy of facial skin cancer treatment with high-energy pulsed neodymium and Nd:YAG lasers. Photomed Laser Surg; 2009 Apr;27(2):345-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The efficacy of facial skin cancer treatment with high-energy pulsed neodymium and Nd:YAG lasers.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the curative and cosmetic efficacy of treatment for facial skin cancer using neodymium laser irradiation.
  • BACKGROUND DATA: Due to the complex anatomy of the area, therapy for facial skin cancer is difficult.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Laser irradiation was used for the treatment of 3461 patients with 3624 facial skin cancer lesions of stages T(1-2)N(0)M(0:) 3346 basal cell skin cancers, 188 limited basal cell skin cancer recurrences, and 90 squamous cell skin cancers.
  • RESULTS: Patients with basal cell skin cancer treated by irradiation with the Nd laser developed recurrences in 1.8% of cases, and patients treated with the Nd:YAG laser had a recurrence rate of 2.5%.
  • Recurrences following treatment for basal cell skin cancer, and those of squamous cell skin cancer, after irradiation with the Nd laser appeared in 3.7% and 4.4% of patients, respectively.
  • Overall, the frequency of facial skin cancer recurrences after treatment with laser irradiation was 2.1% of all the irradiated tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: Neodymium laser irradiation is an effective method to treat facial skin cancer of stages T(1-2)N(0)M(0), and results in acceptable cosmetic results.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Facial Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Skin Neoplasms / radiotherapy

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Facial Cancer.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.
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  • (PMID = 19382838.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-8550
  • [Journal-full-title] Photomedicine and laser surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Photomed Laser Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Soysal HG, Soysal E, Markoç F, Ardiç F: Basal cell carcinoma of the eyelids and periorbital region in a Turkish population. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2008 May-Jun;24(3):201-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Basal cell carcinoma of the eyelids and periorbital region in a Turkish population.
  • PURPOSE: To review the clinical and histopathologic features, treatment, and outcomes of eyelid basal cell carcinomas.
  • METHODS: The clinical records and histopathologic specimens of 311 patients with eyelid basal cell carcinomas were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively.
  • The most common histologic subtypes were infiltrative, nodular, and basosquamous basal cell carcinomas.
  • Recurrent basal cell carcinomas were larger, with longer duration of lesion and a higher rate of orbital and perineural invasion.
  • Basosquamous basal cell carcinomas were more likely to have prior recurrences, larger lesion size, and the highest rate of orbital invasion.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this large case series from a single center, the outcomes were worse than previously reported due to delay in treatment and previous inadequate treatments.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome. Turkey / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18520835.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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97. Oven Ustaalioglu BB, Bilici A, Kefeli U, Seker M, Yildirim E, Salepci T, Oncel M, Kement M, Gumus M: Does the metastatic lymph node ratio influence the disease-free survival of patients with breast cancer: single-center experiences. Oncology; 2010;79(1-2):105-11
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  • [Source] The source of this