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Items 1 to 100 of about 173
1. Florentine BD, Fink T, Avidan S, Braslavsky D, Raza A, Cobb CJ: Extra-salivary gland presentations of adenoid cystic carcinoma: a report of three cases. Diagn Cytopathol; 2006 Jul;34(7):491-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extra-salivary gland presentations of adenoid cystic carcinoma: a report of three cases.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a malignant neoplasm most commonly originating in salivary glands of the head and neck area.
  • When ACC presents outside of these locations, the diagnosis may become more challenging.
  • In conclusion, ACC can present in various body sites and cytologists must consider this neoplasm when presented with a basaloid carcinoma of uncertain origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Pleural Effusion / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16783770.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Marci V, Volante M, Cappia S, Righi L, Novello C, Scagliotti GV, Brambilla E, Papotti M: Basaloid adenocarcinoma. A new variant of pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Virchows Arch; 2007 Sep;451(3):729-36
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  • [Title] Basaloid adenocarcinoma. A new variant of pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
  • The 2004 WHO classification of lung tumours recognised basaloid carcinoma as a variant of squamous and large cell carcinoma.
  • We report a unique case of primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma with a basaloid component.
  • The patient is disease-free 13 months after diagnosis.
  • Histologically, an invasive carcinoma having a glandular and a solid component was observed.
  • The former was an adenocarcinoma with mucus containing spaces lined by columnar mucinous cells and basaloid cells.
  • The solid component was an organoid proliferation of basaloid-type cells, as in cutaneous basal cell carcinoma.
  • Basaloid cells, but not mucinous cells, were immunoreactive for high molecular weight cytokeratins (CK), CK 7 and, focally, for TTF-1.
  • (1) The solid areas resemble a conventional basaloid carcinoma, except for the presence of small mucin-containing spaces. (2) The mucinous adenocarcinoma areas contain two layers of columnar and basaloid cells. (3) Both components are neoplastic based on cell morphology, invasive properties and phenotypic profile.
  • These findings indicate that a basaloid variant of adenocarcinoma is also existing in the spectrum of basaloid carcinomas of the lung.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell. Humans. Keratins / analysis. Male. Mucins / analysis. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Phenotype. World Health Organization


3. Begnami MD, Quezado M, Pinto P, Linehan WM, Merino M: Adenoid cystic/basal cell carcinoma of the prostate: review and update. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2007 Apr;131(4):637-40
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  • [Title] Adenoid cystic/basal cell carcinoma of the prostate: review and update.
  • CONTEXT: Although most prostate carcinomas are of the conventional acinar type, unusual variants have been reported.
  • Adenoid cystic/basal cell carcinoma of the prostate is a rare tumor with distinctive histopathologic features.
  • There are only a few publications in the literature concerning the diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of this neoplasm.
  • OBJECTIVE: To review current literature together with the clinical, pathologic, and immunohistochemical features of adenoid cystic/basal cell carcinoma of the prostate and offer a practical approach to the diagnosis--including the differential diagnosis--of this neoplasm in surgical pathologic specimens.
  • DATA SOURCES: Adenoid cystic/basal cell carcinoma of the prostate is composed of infiltrating basaloid cells forming dilated acinar and cribriform spaces with luminal basementlike material.
  • Differentiation of adenoid cystic/basal cell carcinoma from basal cell hyperplasia and cribriform pattern of acinar adenocarcinoma may be difficult.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Various histologic and immunohistochemical features are helpful in recognizing adenoid cystic/basal cell carcinoma of the prostate.
  • This is a rare subtype of prostate cancer and correct diagnosis is important because of the unique clinical and biological features and the implications for treatment and prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male


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4. Friedrich RE, Sperber C, Jäkel T, Röser K, Löning T: Basaloid lesions of oral squamous epithelial cells and their association with HPV infection and P16 expression. Anticancer Res; 2010 May;30(5):1605-12
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  • [Title] Basaloid lesions of oral squamous epithelial cells and their association with HPV infection and P16 expression.
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma is a variant of squamous cell carcinoma, preferentially arising in the head and neck region.
  • Current reports point to an association of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) and human papilloma virus (HPV) infection.
  • The aim of this study was to analyse the HPV infection status in different entities of oral neoplasms or dysplasias with basaloid differentiation of epithelial cells.
  • This was an essential difference of this collective compared to genital carcinomas with HPV high-risk infections.
  • Type-specific analysis of HPV infection in head and neck cancer may be important in the differential diagnosis of malignancies in the head and neck region with a basaloid growth pattern.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Epithelial Cells / virology. Gene Expression Regulation, Viral. Mouth Neoplasms / metabolism. Mouth Neoplasms / virology. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Papillomavirus Infections / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20592349.001).
  • [ISSN] 1791-7530
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / P16 protein, human
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5. Soriano E, Righini Ch, Faure C, Lantuejoul S, Colonna M, Bolla M, Brambilla E, Reyt E: [Course and prognosis of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma: case-control study of 49 patients]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac; 2005 Sep;122(4):173-80
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  • [Title] [Course and prognosis of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma: case-control study of 49 patients].
  • INTRODUCTION: The course and prognosis of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) are not well known.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed a retrospective cohort of 49 patients with BSCC in comparison with a cross-matched population of 49 patients treated for well- to moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • CONCLUSIONS: We consider BSCC patients as a high-risk population and we complete diagnosis explorations including a FDG-PET before curative treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous. Head and Neck Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / mortality. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Case-Control Studies. Cohort Studies. Female. France / epidemiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16230937.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-438X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales d'oto-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico faciale : bulletin de la Société d'oto-laryngologie des hôpitaux de Paris
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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6. Yang HM, Cabral E, Dadras SS, Cassarino DS: Immunohistochemical expression of D2-40 in benign and malignant sebaceous tumors and comparison to basal and squamous cell carcinomas. Am J Dermatopathol; 2008 Dec;30(6):549-54
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical expression of D2-40 in benign and malignant sebaceous tumors and comparison to basal and squamous cell carcinomas.
  • The diagnosis of sebaceous carcinoma presents an important challenge to both clinicians and pathologists, as many cases are initially misdiagnosed both clinically and histopathologically, potentially leading to adverse medical and legal outcomes.
  • The distinction of sebaceous carcinoma from benign sebaceous proliferations and other tumors is therefore of utmost importance, and immunohistochemistry may be useful in this differential.
  • We studied the expression of D2-40 (podoplanin) by immunohistochemistry to determine if it can aid in this differential diagnosis and to evaluate the possibility of lymphangiogenesis in sebaceous carcinoma.
  • A total of 36 cases of sebaceous lesions, including 16 sebaceous carcinomas, 7 sebaceous adenomas, 6 sebaceomas, and 7 cases of normal glands and sebaceous hyperplasia, and 17 cases of basal cell carcinoma and 10 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, were also examined.
  • We found no significant increase in tumor lymphangiogenesis by semiquantitative scoring of lymphovascular density per square millimeter of tumoral/peritumoral stroma in sebaceous carcinoma versus benign sebaceous proliferations.
  • However, D2-40 staining showed a different pattern in the benign tumors, which were positive only in the basaloid cells (most pronounced in sebaceoma), versus sebaceous carcinoma, which was either negative or focally positive in a haphazard pattern in most cases, although some cases of basaloid sebaceous carcinomas showed strong positivity.
  • We also found D2-40 to be only weakly and focally positive in basal cell carcinoma and weakly to moderately positive in squamous cell carcinoma, which showed increased staining with decreased differentiation.
  • Therefore, overall, D2-40 is, of limited diagnostic utility in sebaceous lesions but may be useful in distinguishing sebaceoma and basaloid sebaceous carcinoma from basal cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / metabolism. Antibodies, Monoclonal / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms / metabolism. Sebaceous Glands / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / metabolism. Adenoma / pathology. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Case-Control Studies. Cell Proliferation. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Hyperplasia / diagnosis. Hyperplasia / metabolism. Hyperplasia / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19033927.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / monoclonal antibody D2-40
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7. Andreadis D, Nomikos A, Epivatianos A, Poulopoulos A, Barbatis C: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma versus basal cell adenocarcinoma of the oral cavity. Pathology; 2005 Dec;37(6):560-3
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma versus basal cell adenocarcinoma of the oral cavity.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry


8. Merritt BG, Snow SN, Longley BJ: Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma, infiltrative/morpheaform BCC, and microcystic adnexal carcinoma: differentiation by immunohistochemistry and determining the need for Mohs micrographic surgery. Cutis; 2010 May;85(5):254-8
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  • [Title] Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma, infiltrative/morpheaform BCC, and microcystic adnexal carcinoma: differentiation by immunohistochemistry and determining the need for Mohs micrographic surgery.
  • Several important cutaneous neoplasms present with basaloid cells in the dermis.
  • Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma (DTE), infiltrative/morpheaform basal cell carcinoma (BCC), and microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) are tumors in this category that may be difficult to differentiate, especially when evaluating thin biopsy specimens.
  • An accurate diagnosis has important clinical implications.
  • We present a patient with an unusual tumor demonstrating basaloid cells in the dermis and discuss the diagnostic approach for these lesions, emphasizing the potential role of cytokeratin 20 (CK20) in determining the need for Mohs micrographic surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / pathology. Mohs Surgery. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratin-20. Male. Middle Aged. Staining and Labeling

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  • (PMID = 20540416.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Keratin-20
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9. Saxena A, Shapiro M, Kasper DA, Fitzpatrick JE, Mellette JR Jr: Basaloid follicular hamartoma: a cautionary tale and review of the literature. Dermatol Surg; 2007 Sep;33(9):1130-5
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  • [Title] Basaloid follicular hamartoma: a cautionary tale and review of the literature.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Dermabrasion. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hair Follicle / pathology. Humans. Mohs Surgery. Skin Transplantation

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  • (PMID = 17760608.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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10. Del Sordo R, Cavaliere A, Sidoni A: Basal cell carcinoma with matrical differentiation: expression of beta-catenin [corrected] and osteopontin. Am J Dermatopathol; 2007 Oct;29(5):470-4
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  • [Title] Basal cell carcinoma with matrical differentiation: expression of beta-catenin [corrected] and osteopontin.
  • Basal cell carcinoma with matrical differentiation is an extremely rare variant.
  • This tumor is a typical basal cell carcinoma with basaloid nests containing shadow cells identical to those of pilomatricoma and pilomatrical carcinoma.
  • The morphological and immunohistochemical features of these cases that we have found suggest that basal cell carcinomas with matrical differentiation belong to a spectrum of lesions deriving from hair follicles in which .
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Osteopontin / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. beta Catenin / metabolism

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  • [ErratumIn] Am J Dermatopathol. 2008 Jun;30(3):317
  • (PMID = 17890917.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / beta Catenin; 106441-73-0 / Osteopontin
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11. Ueda M, Ashida M, Kunisada M, Ichihashi M, Sata T, Matsukura T: Bowen's carcinoma of the scrotal skin associated with human papillomavirus type 82. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2005 Mar;19(2):232-5
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  • [Title] Bowen's carcinoma of the scrotal skin associated with human papillomavirus type 82.
  • Histopathologically, the lesion was composed of two distinct parts; one part showing changes characteristic of Bowen's disease in the epidermis, and the other showing elongated rete ridges and proliferation of atypical basaloid cells in the dermis.
  • These parts were partially connected, giving the diagnosis of Bowen's carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 15752300.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9959
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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12. Lamovec J, Falconieri G, Salviato T, Pizzolitto S: Basaloid carcinoma of the breast: a review of 9 cases, with delineation of a possible clinicopathologic entity. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2008 Feb;12(1):4-11
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  • [Title] Basaloid carcinoma of the breast: a review of 9 cases, with delineation of a possible clinicopathologic entity.
  • Basaloid carcinoma of the breast (BCB) is an unusual neoplasm composed of basal-type neoplastic cells similar to those found in adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), although lacking distinctive features such as a cribriform pattern, a dual neoplastic population (epithelial-myoepithelial/basaloid), and stromal deposits of basement membrane-like material.
  • In this article, we present 9 cases of breast cancer showing overall/predominant basaloid morphology.
  • Microscopically, they featured sheets, nests, and cords of proliferating basaloid tumor cells with ovoid, hyperchromatic nuclei with inconspicuous nucleoli and scant cytoplasm.
  • Transition into pleomorphic basaloid carcinoma with foci of high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ plus infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDC) and admixture with grade 3 ductal and sarcomatoid carcinoma was seen in 2 cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18164408.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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13. Agero AL, Busam KJ, Benvenuto-Andrade C, Scope A, Gill M, Marghoob AA, González S, Halpern AC: Reflectance confocal microscopy of pigmented basal cell carcinoma. J Am Acad Dermatol; 2006 Apr;54(4):638-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reflectance confocal microscopy of pigmented basal cell carcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the relevant RCM features for pigmented basal cell carcinoma (BCC).
  • METHODS: Pigmented skin lesions with a differential diagnosis of pigmented BCC were imaged using dermoscopy and RCM, followed by excision for histologic analysis.
  • RESULTS: RCM demonstrated aggregations of tightly packed cells with palisading, forming cordlike structures and nodules with irregular borders and variable brightness; these represented nests of pigmented basaloid tumor cells on histopathology, and blue-gray ovoid areas on dermoscopy.
  • CONCLUSION: RCM may permit in vivo diagnosis of pigmented BCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Melanoma / diagnosis. Melanoma / pathology. Microscopy, Confocal. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16546585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6787
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Lantuéjoul S, Salameire D, Salon C, Brambilla E: Pulmonary preneoplasia--sequential molecular carcinogenetic events. Histopathology; 2009 Jan;54(1):43-54
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  • The three pulmonary preneoplastic changes recognized to date in the lung include bronchial squamous dysplasia and in situ carcinoma, preceding invasive squamous cell carcinoma and basaloid carcinoma, atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, a preneoplastic condition of bronchioloalveolar carcinoma, and diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia, a proposed precursor for carcinoid tumours.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Humans. Lung / pathology. Small Cell Lung Carcinoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19187179.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 90
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15. Joshi D, Shivkumar VB, Sharma SM, Gangane N: Cytomorphologic diagnosis of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2009 Jan-Feb;53(1):89-92
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  • [Title] Cytomorphologic diagnosis of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma is a high-grade variant of squamous cell carcinoma that most commonly occurs in the upper aerodigestive tract.
  • The authors describe the cytologic features of a histologically confirmed case of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma arising in the floor of the mouth.
  • Extracellular basement membrane-like material was also noted, which led to the erroneous diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • Histopathology characteristically revealed the presence of squamoid nests between malignant basaloid cells, and the tumor was finally diagnosed as basaloid squamous cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of tumors arising in oral cavity.
  • Cytologic diagnosis may be difficult, but careful search for a second cell population of squamoid cells in addition to small basaloid cells may aid in rendering the correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Mouth Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Errors. Female. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19248560.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Muro M, Kubo S, Yoshioka T, Idani H, Ishikawa T, Ishii T, Asami S, Kurose Y, Hirata M, Yamashita T, Kin H: [Thymic carcinoma; report of a case]. Kyobu Geka; 2009 Feb;62(2):169-71
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  • [Title] [Thymic carcinoma; report of a case].
  • Microscopically, the tumor was diagnosed thymic cancer, basaloid carcinoma.
  • We reported a case of thymic carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery. Thymus Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19202942.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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17. Posligua L, Ylagan L: Fine-needle aspiration cytology of thymic basaloid carcinoma: case studies and review of the literature. Diagn Cytopathol; 2006 May;34(5):358-66
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fine-needle aspiration cytology of thymic basaloid carcinoma: case studies and review of the literature.
  • We report the features in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thymic basaloid carcinomas.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first fine-needle aspiration (FNA) report on basaloid carcinoma of the thymus.
  • This is a tumor in which the FNA diagnosis is difficult and the differential diagnosis is broad.
  • We describe the cytologic features encountered in the three cases, and immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings so as to raise awareness of this entity in the differential diagnosis of thymic neoplasms on FNABs.
  • The diagnoses on all three cases were thymic basaloid carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle / methods. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology. Thymus Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16604555.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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18. Thapliyal N, Joshi U, Vaibhav G, Sayana A, Srivastava AK, Jha RS: Pilomatricoma mimicking small round cell tumor on fine needle aspiration cytology: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2008 Sep-Oct;52(5):627-30
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  • BACKGROUND: Pilomatricoma, a benign skin adnexal tumor, frequently leads to false positive diagnosis cytologically.
  • Cytologically the diagnosis of blue round cell tumor was made.
  • Histopathologic examination showed islands of basaloid cells with scant cytoplasm and shadow cells and occasional giant cells.
  • The diagnosis was pilomatricoma bistopathologically.
  • Rapidly growing, early lesions of pilomatricoma are predominantly composed of basaloid cells and mostly devoid of other diagnostic clues, leading to a false impression of malignancy.
  • Pilomatricoma should be considered in diferential diagnosis when primitive-appearing cells are aspirated, especially in rapidly growing early lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Merkel Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Small Cell / diagnosis. Hair Diseases / diagnosis. Pilomatrixoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Collagen Type II / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Errors. Humans. Keratin-3 / metabolism. Male

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  • (PMID = 18833830.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Collagen Type II; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / KRT3 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-3; 0 / TTF1 protein, human
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19. Desai PC, Jaglal MV, Gopal P, Ghim SJ, Miller DM, Farghaly H, Jenson AB: Human papillomavirus in metastatic squamous carcinoma from unknown primaries in the head and neck: a retrospective 7 year study. Exp Mol Pathol; 2009 Oct;87(2):94-8
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  • [Title] Human papillomavirus in metastatic squamous carcinoma from unknown primaries in the head and neck: a retrospective 7 year study.
  • The objective of this study was to determine the primary site of origin of HPV positive squamous carcinomas metastatic to lymph nodes of the neck.
  • METHODS: Surgical pathology records from January 1, 2000 to July 31, 2007 were used to identify surgically removed neck lymph nodes with the diagnosis of metastatic squamous carcinoma.
  • 9 of the 34 males and 2 of the 7 females had HPV (+) carcinomas.
  • HPV (+) carcinomas appeared to arise from multiple sites in the oropharynx, particularly the tonsils and tongues, including unknown primaries.
  • By histological exam, most metastatic HPV(+) squamous carcinomas were poorly differentiated (basaloid) microscopically and grossly cystic.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / virology. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / virology. Papillomavirus Infections / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19393644.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-0945
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental and molecular pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Mol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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20. Brown JG, Familiari U, Papotti M, Rosai J: Thymic basaloid carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of 12 cases, with a general discussion of basaloid carcinoma and its relationship with adenoid cystic carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Aug;33(8):1113-24
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  • [Title] Thymic basaloid carcinoma: a clinicopathologic study of 12 cases, with a general discussion of basaloid carcinoma and its relationship with adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • Thymic carcinoma (primary carcinoma of the thymic epithelium; type C thymoma) is a rare malignancy.
  • It usually presents in middle-aged to elderly patients and can exhibit a wide variety of morphologic appearances.
  • Thymic basaloid carcinoma (thymic BC) is a particularly rare subtype, with less than 20 cases published in the English literature, mostly in the form of individual case reports.
  • Ages at the time of initial diagnosis ranged from 34 to 77 years (mean 55 y).
  • Five patients died of their disease at an average of 34 months from the time of diagnosis.
  • In this paper, we review the pertinent literature and discuss the possible relationship of thymic BC with thymic adenoid cystic carcinoma, as well as BCs and adenoid cystic carcinomas at other sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Thymus Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19461509.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Emanuel P, Wang B, Wu M, Burstein DE: p63 Immunohistochemistry in the distinction of adenoid cystic carcinoma from basaloid squamous cell carcinoma. Mod Pathol; 2005 May;18(5):645-50
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  • [Title] p63 Immunohistochemistry in the distinction of adenoid cystic carcinoma from basaloid squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Morphologic distinction of high-grade adenoid cystic carcinoma from basaloid squamous cell carcinoma can be difficult.
  • Archival, routinely processed slides were subjected to citrate-based antigen retrieval, exposure to anti-p63 monoclonal 4A4, and developed with a streptavidin-biotin kit and diaminobenzidine as chromogen. p63 was detected in 100% of the adenoid cystic carcinomas (n=14) and 100% of basaloid squamous cell carcinomas (n=16).
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinomas consistently displayed diffuse p63 positivity, with staining of nearly 100% of tumor cells.
  • In contrast, adenoid cystic carcinoma displayed a consistently compartmentalized pattern within tumor nests.
  • (1) selective staining of a single peripheral layer of p63-positive cells surrounding centrally located tumor cells that were p63-negative and (2) tumor nests consisting of multiple contiguous glandular/cribriform-like units of p63-positive cells surrounding or interspersed with p63-negative cells. p63 immunostaining constitutes a specific and accurate means of distinguishing adenoid cystic carcinoma from basaloid squamous cell carcinoma. p63 positivity in adenoid cystic carcinoma appears to be homologous to that seen in the basal and/or myoepithelial compartments of salivary gland and other epithelia, and may signify a stem-cell-like role for these peripheral cells.
  • Diffuse p63 positivity in basaloid squamous cell carcinoma suggests dysregulation of p63-positive stem cells in poorly differentiated squamous carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Phosphoproteins / analysis. Trans-Activators / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] DNA-Binding Proteins. Diagnosis, Differential. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Transcription Factors. Tumor Suppressor Proteins

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  • (PMID = 15529180.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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22. Ali F, Brown A, Gottwald L, Thomas J: Basal cell carcinoma with matrical differentiation in a transplant patient: a case report and review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol; 2005 Jul;32(6):445-8
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  • [Title] Basal cell carcinoma with matrical differentiation in a transplant patient: a case report and review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Shadow cells, characterized by basaloid squamous cells with a distinct well-defined border and a central unstained area as a shadow of lost nuclei, are characteristic of pilomatricoma, a distinct neoplasm of hair matrix differentiation.
  • The presence of shadow cells within tumor islands composed of follicular germinative cells of an otherwise classic basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has been considered as a distinct diagnostic category of BCC with matrical differentiation.
  • RESULTS: The H&E-stained sections of the hand lesion revealed multiple nodular masses of basaloid follicular germinative cells.
  • Elsewhere, the majority of the tumor contained a population of shadow cells, similar to those in pilomatricoma, with basaloid-appearing matrical cells in the periphery.
  • Trichohyaline granules were identified in the cytoplasm of many of the peripheral basaloid cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / immunology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Heart Transplantation. Immunocompromised Host. Skin Neoplasms / immunology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Hair Diseases / pathology. Hand / pathology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Pilomatrixoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15953381.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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23. Klenzner T, Arapakis I, Kayser G, Boedeker CC: Eccrine porocarcinoma of the ear mimicking basaloid squamous cell carcinoma. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Jul;135(1):158-60
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  • [Title] Eccrine porocarcinoma of the ear mimicking basaloid squamous cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Acrospiroma / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / diagnosis. Ear, External. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16815204.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Thariat J, Badoual C, Faure C, Butori C, Marcy PY, Righini CA: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: role of HPV and implication in treatment and prognosis. J Clin Pathol; 2010 Oct;63(10):857-66
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: role of HPV and implication in treatment and prognosis.
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the head and neck.
  • Wain's criteria (peripheral palisading, association with SCC, high nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio, high mitotic rate, solid growth), anti-34BE12 and CK 5/6 staining, and absence of neuroendocrine markers are mandatory for the diagnosis of BSCC.
  • On the other hand, BSCC is frequently considered a high-grade carcinoma of poorer prognosis than its SCC counterparts, mostly due to a higher rate of distant metastases.
  • The basaloid subtype of SCC, owing to its particular behaviour, should be systematically investigated along with HPV and smoking status, as those factors may be determinant in the response to treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / virology. Papillomavirus Infections / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Prognosis


25. Jackson K, Boger L, Goldschmidt M, Walton RM: Malignant pilomatricoma in a soft-coated Wheaten Terrier. Vet Clin Pathol; 2010 Jun;39(2):236-40
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  • The neoplastic cells were 12-16 mum in diameter, round to cuboidal, basaloid in appearance, and arranged both individually and in loosely cohesive clusters with variably distinct cell borders.
  • Given the location, signalment, and cytologic findings, differential interpretations included a primitive embryonal tumor (eg, neuroblastoma or nephroblastoma in an atypical location) or poorly differentiated carcinoma.
  • On histologic examination, the mass and nodules were composed of irregular islands, lobules, and nests of basaloid cells, which transitioned abruptly into large lakes of "ghost" cells with areas of ossification and calcification, consistent with a diagnosis of malignant pilomatricoma.

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  • (PMID = 19886971.001).
  • [ISSN] 1939-165X
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Clin Pathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Yamada T, Chiba W, Hitomi S: [Thymic basaloid carcinoma]. Kyobu Geka; 2006 Dec;59(13):1154-8
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  • [Title] [Thymic basaloid carcinoma].
  • We report a case of thymic basaloid carcinoma combined with multilocular thymic cyst (MTC).
  • The tumor was thymic basaloid carcinoma 3 x 2.5 x 2 cm in size combined with MTC 8.2 cm maximum in diameter.
  • Thymic basaloid carcinoma is rare and only 14 cases including the present case have been reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Thymus Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / administration & dosage. Camptothecin / administration & dosage. Camptothecin / analogs & derivatives. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

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  • (PMID = 17163206.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 7673326042 / irinotecan; XT3Z54Z28A / Camptothecin
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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27. Dardick I, Daley TD, McComb RJ: Sialoblastoma in adults: distinction from adenoid cystic carcinoma. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2010 Jan;109(1):109-16
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  • [Title] Sialoblastoma in adults: distinction from adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • No adult cases have been reported with a specific diagnosis of sialoblastoma.
  • If even focal cribriforming were present, such cases have undoubtedly been diagnosed as adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • Each case, however, has the primitive histopathology with discrete nests of basaloid tumor cells, associated bilayered ductal structures and the fibromyxoid stroma characteristic for sialoblastoma with its resemblance to fetal salivary gland or salivary gland with arrested development.
  • Sialoblastoma, whether in a child or adult with or without a cribriform growth pattern, appears to have a more favorable prognosis than adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • Aspects of the histological differential diagnosis of these 2 tumors are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / pathology. Palatal Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Facial Paralysis / etiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Palate, Hard / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / complications. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19880331.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Thariat J, Badoual C, Faure C, de Mones E, Butori C, Santini J, Poissonnet G, Maingon P, Faivre S, Klijanienko J, Saint-Guily JL, Righini CA, Groupe Refcor (Réseau d'Expertise Français sur les Cancers ORL Rares): [Basaloid squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck]. Bull Cancer; 2009 Oct;96(10):989-1004
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  • [Title] [Basaloid squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck].
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) are a rare variant of SCC of the head and neck.
  • The basaloid sub-type of squamous cell carcinomas owing to its particular behavior, should be taken into account while deciding the optimal therapeutic strategy.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Papillomavirus Vaccines / administration & dosage. Prognosis. Radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 19793686.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-6917
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin du cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Cancer
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Papillomavirus Vaccines
  • [Number-of-references] 69
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29. Kwon YS, Kim YM, Choi GW, Kim YT, Nam JH: Pure basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix: a case report. J Korean Med Sci; 2009 Jun;24(3):542-5
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  • [Title] Pure basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix: a case report.
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix is an extremely rare malignancy of the female genital tract with a poorer clinical outcome than squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • We report a case of pure basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • A basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, of International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage Ib1, was diagnosed by a loop electrosurgical excision procedure cone biopsy.
  • Pathologic findings were consistent with a basaloid squamous cell carcinoma confined to the cervix without an extracervical tumor.
  • Although basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix is thought to behave aggressively, accumulation of data on these rare tumors is necessary to determine whether their behavior differs significantly from that of conventional cervical squamous cell carcinoma of similar clinical stage.
  • These data would be useful for defining the best diagnosis and treatment for these rare tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis


30. Brailey LL, Davis T, Kolker SE, Murry TC, Thomas D, Bale AE, Ruhoy SM: Congenital linear unilateral basal cell nevus: a case report with patched gene molecular studies. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Jan;34(1):65-70
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  • BACKGROUND: Linear unilateral basal cell nevus represents a linear collection of macules and papules histologically similar to basal cell carcinoma but with benign clinical behavior.
  • The differential diagnosis included the nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.
  • Constitutional PTCH mutations are causative of the nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome, and somatic PTCH mutations are found in the vast majority of basal cell carcinomas.
  • Somatic SMO mutations have also been found in some basal cell carcinomas.
  • RESULTS: Histologic examination revealed features initially indistinguishable from basal cell carcinoma.
  • Furthermore, we discuss the relationship between linear basal cell nevus and basaloid follicular hamartoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] DNA, Neoplasm. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Infant. Loss of Heterozygosity. Microsatellite Repeats. Mutation. Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics. Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17214858.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled; 0 / SMO protein, human; 0 / patched receptors
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31. Pham TT, Selim MA, Burchette JL Jr, Madden J, Turner J, Herman C: CD10 expression in trichoepithelioma and basal cell carcinoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2006 Feb;33(2):123-8
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  • [Title] CD10 expression in trichoepithelioma and basal cell carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Trichoepithelioma (TE) is a benign neoplasm that shares both clinical and histologic features with basal cell carcinoma (BCC).
  • Of these, eight cases also demonstrated positivity of the papilla, and two also showed positivity of the basaloid cells.
  • On the other hand, expression of CD10 by basaloid cells was identified in 20 (87%) cases of BCC.
  • Condensation of CD10-positive stromal cells around basaloid nests was statistically significant in differentiating TE from BCC (p < 0.0001).
  • Conversely, CD10-positive basaloid cells were seen predominantly in BCC (p < 0.0001).
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. Neoplasms, Basal Cell / metabolism. Neprilysin / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16420307.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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32. Yu L, Galan A, McNiff JM: Caveats in BerEP4 staining to differentiate basal and squamous cell carcinoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Oct;36(10):1074-176
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  • [Title] Caveats in BerEP4 staining to differentiate basal and squamous cell carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Superficial skin biopsies of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) represent some of the most common dermatopathology specimens.
  • Superficial shave biopsies containing partial samples of lesions with squamatization present difficulties in distinguishing BCC from squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • RESULTS: We found that all cases (12 out of 12) showed membranous and cytoplasmic staining with BerEP4 in the obvious areas of basaloid differentiation at the periphery of the tumors, while cords and strands of enlarged cells with squamoid features in the center and surface of the biopsy failed to label with BerEP4.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Staining and Labeling


33. Farrell T, Chang YL: Basal cell adenocarcinoma of minor salivary glands. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2007 Oct;131(10):1602-4
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  • Other diagnostic considerations include adenoid cystic carcinoma and basaloid squamous carcinoma.
  • It is necessary to differentiate basal cell adenocarcinoma from other basaloid cell tumors of the minor salivary glands because of the prognosis and potential differences in treatment, particularly adenoid cystic adenocarcinoma and basaloid squamous carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17922602.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Mitcov M, Scrivener Y, Cribier B: [Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma: a clinicopathological study, including a comparison with morpheiform basal cell carcinoma]. Ann Dermatol Venereol; 2009 Jun-Jul;136(6-7):501-7
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  • [Title] [Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma: a clinicopathological study, including a comparison with morpheiform basal cell carcinoma].
  • We carried out a retrospective histopathological study of a large series of cases of DTE in order to better characterise this tumour and compare it with sclerodermiform basal cell carcinoma (BCC), which is in fact the most common as well as the most complex type of differential diagnosis.
  • Diagnosis was confirmed by two different examiners and all microscopic elements were reviewed.
  • The diagnosis was only made by the clinician in four cases; in 38 cases the diagnosis made was BCC.
  • In all cases, histological examination revealed thin lines of basaloid epithelial cells associated with small keratinising cysts.
  • A suggested clinical diagnosis is thus possible.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19560610.001).
  • [ISSN] 0151-9638
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de dermatologie et de vénéréologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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35. Bandyopadhyay A, Das TK, Raha K, Hati GC, Mitra PK, Dasgupta A: A study of fine needle aspiration cytology of salivary gland lesions with histopathological corroboration. J Indian Med Assoc; 2005 Jun;103(6):312-4, 316
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  • All smears were evaluated according to cell size, amount of cytoplasm, cytologic atypia and presence of lymphocytes. (a) Variable cytologic appearances of pleomorphic salivary adenoma were observed. (b) Cellular pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma showed basaloid cell features. (c) Tumours with intermediate size cells and bland cytology included low grade muco-epidermoid carcinoma and cystic lesions. (d) Warthin's tumour, oncocytoma, salivary duct carcinoma and high grade muco-epidermoid carcinoma revealed large cells and abundant cytoplasm with or without atypia.
  • Malignant tumours included muco-epidermoid carcinoma (n = 5), adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 3), acinic cell carcinoma (n = 2), adenocarcinoma (n= 2), squamous cell carcinoma (n = 1), undifferentiated carcinoma (n= 4) and malignant lymphoma (n = 1).
  • So it can be concluded that fine needle aspiration cytology can play important role in early diagnosis and subsequent therapeutic planning of salivary gland lesions.

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  • (PMID = 16225156.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-5847
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Indian Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Indian Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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36. Vidal VP, Ortonne N, Schedl A: SOX9 expression is a general marker of basal cell carcinoma and adnexal-related neoplasms. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Apr;35(4):373-9
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  • [Title] SOX9 expression is a general marker of basal cell carcinoma and adnexal-related neoplasms.
  • Activation of the Shh pathway is a major cause of cutaneous basal cell carcinoma (BCC).
  • Staining was heterogeneous and could be detected among the basaloid cells of the palisading cell layer as well as in the tumour nest.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. High Mobility Group Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Humans. Microscopy, Fluorescence. SOX9 Transcription Factor

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  • (PMID = 18333897.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / High Mobility Group Proteins; 0 / SOX9 Transcription Factor; 0 / SOX9 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors
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37. Chaux A, Soares F, Rodríguez I, Barreto J, Lezcano C, Torres J, Velazquez EF, Cubilla AL: Papillary squamous cell carcinoma, not otherwise specified (NOS) of the penis: clinicopathologic features, differential diagnosis, and outcome of 35 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Feb;34(2):223-30
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  • [Title] Papillary squamous cell carcinoma, not otherwise specified (NOS) of the penis: clinicopathologic features, differential diagnosis, and outcome of 35 cases.
  • There is a group of low-grade papillomatous squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) of the penis, collectively designated as "verruciform," that are difficult to classify.
  • A proposal of classification grouped these tumors in warty (condylomatous), verrucous, and papillary carcinomas.
  • Papillary carcinomas were large (mean 5.6 cm) exophytic low-grade squamous neoplasms with hyperkeratosis and papillomatosis.
  • In conclusion, papillary carcinomas were exophytic albeit, often deeply invasive low-grade neoplasms, with a low rate of nodal metastasis characterized by complex papillae, irregular fibrovascular cores, and jagged tumor base.
  • Papillary SCC should be distinguished from other penile verruciform tumors, including verrucous and variants, warty and papillary basaloid carcinomas, and carcinoma cuniculatum.
  • Helpful morphologic features for differential diagnosis are provided.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Verrucous / pathology. Penile Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20061934.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Ackerman AB: Hereditary basaloid follicular hamartoma syndrome. Cutis; 2007 Feb;79(2):154; author reply 155-6
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  • [Title] Hereditary basaloid follicular hamartoma syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Hamartoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Facial Dermatoses / diagnosis. Humans. Syndrome

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  • [CommentOn] Cutis. 2006 Jul;78(1):42-6 [16903320.001]
  • (PMID = 17388219.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Ereño C, Gaafar A, Garmendia M, Etxezarraga C, Bilbao FJ, López JI: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a clinicopathological and follow-up study of 40 cases and review of the literature. Head Neck Pathol; 2008 Jun;2(2):83-91
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: a clinicopathological and follow-up study of 40 cases and review of the literature.
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare and aggressive variant of cancer that mainly arises in the upper aerodigestive tract.
  • The basaloid component predominated in 29 cases (72.5%).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous / diagnosis. Mouth Neoplasms / diagnosis. Otorhinolaryngologic Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms / mortality. Laryngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Laryngeal Neoplasms / mortality. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Oropharyngeal Neoplasms / mortality. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 20614328.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807543
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Basaloid-squamous cell carcinoma / Differential diagnosis / Head and neck / Hypopharynx / Larynx / Metastasis / Oral cavity / Oropharynx / Prognosis / Recurrence
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40. Velazquez EF, Melamed J, Barreto JE, Aguero F, Cubilla AL: Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the penis: a clinicopathologic study of 15 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Sep;29(9):1152-8
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  • [Title] Sarcomatoid carcinoma of the penis: a clinicopathologic study of 15 cases.
  • Sarcomatoid carcinomas are uncommon, high-grade tumors, predominantly composed of spindle cells.
  • A total of 400 cases of squamous cell carcinoma of the penis were reviewed from which 15 sarcomatoid carcinomas (4%) were identified.
  • Four cases showed a minor mixed component of usual, papillary, verrucous, and basaloid carcinoma.
  • One of the cases was multicentric with a separate independent focus of well-differentiated carcinoma with pseudohyperplastic features.
  • In conclusion, penile sarcomatoid carcinomas are unusual, large, and aggressive tumors usually associated with lymph node metastasis and poor outcome.
  • Diffuse immunoreactivity for p53, compared with a more basal and focal reactivity in differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, may be indicative of a late mutation in the natural progression of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Penile Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16096403.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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41. Komura K, Inamoto T, Tsuji M, Ibuki N, Koyama K, Ubai T, Azuma H, Katsuoka Y: Basal cell carcinoma of the prostate: unusual subtype of prostatic carcinoma. Int J Clin Oncol; 2010 Dec;15(6):594-600
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  • [Title] Basal cell carcinoma of the prostate: unusual subtype of prostatic carcinoma.
  • Basal cell carcinoma of the prostate, which has been generally considered to be indolent, is an unusual histological type of prostatic carcinoma and is extremely rare.
  • This tumor has been classified according to the prevalent pattern of growth as adenoid cystic carcinoma or basaloid cell carcinoma (BCC), with the former growth pattern being considered to be the main feature of this entity.
  • Specimens obtained by prostatic needle biopsy showed immunohistochemical reactivity for cytokeratin 34βE12 and P63, findings that were identical to those seen in basal cell carcinoma.
  • Basal cell carcinoma of the prostate is a rare tumor, reported in 56 cases so far, and among all these, the pure form of BCC is extremely rare.
  • Immunohistochemistry is indispensable to distinguish this neoplasm from other unusual histological types of prostatic carcinomas.
  • Our findings reveal that tumors with a basaloid cell-predominant pattern have significant potential for a poor prognosis, in contrast with the conventional understanding regarding this neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20422244.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-7772
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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42. Nishioka M, Tanemura A, Yamanaka T, Tani M, Miura H, Asakura M, Tamai N, Katayama I: Pilomatrix carcinoma arising from pilomatricoma after 10-year senescent period: Immunohistochemical analysis. J Dermatol; 2010 Aug;37(8):735-9
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  • [Title] Pilomatrix carcinoma arising from pilomatricoma after 10-year senescent period: Immunohistochemical analysis.
  • Pilomatrix carcinoma is a rare malignant counterpart of pilomatricoma.
  • Pilomatrix carcinoma is locally aggressive and occasionally shows rapid progression infiltrating to the muscle, bone and vessels.
  • We report a case of pilomatrix carcinoma that developed in a 38-year-old man and started to grow after a long stable period, relapsed for a short time and infiltrated into the muscle underneath.
  • Although it is still controversial whether pilomatrix carcinoma arises de novo or through malignant transformation of a pilomatricoma, the present case might be caused by the latter process considering the patient's clinical course. beta-catenin is a downstream effecter in the canonical pathway of Wnt, acting as a signal for cell differentiation and proliferation.
  • The characteristic nuclear staining pattern of beta-catenin in the basaloid tumor cells, which is usually observed in pilomatrix carcinoma, supported the diagnosis of pilomatrix carcinoma in the present case.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / diagnosis. Hair Diseases / diagnosis. Pilomatrixoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20649718.001).
  • [ISSN] 1346-8138
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / beta Catenin
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43. Basile JR, Lin YL: A salivary gland adenocarcinoma mimicking a microcystic adnexal carcinoma. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2010 Apr;109(4):e28-33
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  • [Title] A salivary gland adenocarcinoma mimicking a microcystic adnexal carcinoma.
  • The microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) is a rare, slow-growing but locally aggressive neoplasm arising in the midface and lips of middle-aged adults.
  • The MAC is histologically characterized by deeply infiltrating nests and islands of basaloid or squamous cells forming cysts and ductal structures, proliferating in a dense sclerotic stroma and occasionally exhibiting perineural invasion.
  • The diagnostic dilemma presented by this lesion is discussed, along with a differential diagnosis and brief review of the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / pathology. Lip Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure. Cell Proliferation. Connective Tissue / pathology. Cytoplasm / ultrastructure. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fibrosis. Humans. Lip / innervation. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Sclerosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2011 Sep;112(3):284-6 [21684772.001]
  • (PMID = 20303043.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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44. Patel AB, Harting MS, Smith-Zagone MJ, Hsu S: Familial basaloid follicular hamartoma: a report of one family. Dermatol Online J; 2008;14(4):14
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  • [Title] Familial basaloid follicular hamartoma: a report of one family.
  • Basaloid follicular hamartoma is a rare but benign adnexal neoplasm that can simulate basal cell carcinoma.
  • Criteria for distinction between the hamartoma and carcinoma are delineated, although evolution of basaloid follicular hamartoma into basal cell carcinoma may also be a possibility.
  • [MeSH-major] Hamartoma / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics. Skin / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18627736.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / patched receptors
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45. Chute DJ, Stelow EB: Cytology of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma variants. Diagn Cytopathol; 2010 Jan;38(1):65-80
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  • [Title] Cytology of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma variants.
  • The most common diagnosis rendered with head and neck fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy is metastatic squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • While most cases of metastatic SCC pose little diagnostic difficulty, the diagnosis of metastatic histologic variants of SCC, often coupled with less common etiologies, can be more problematic.
  • This manuscript reviews the clinicopathologic features of the histologic variants of upper aerodigestive tract SCC (verrucous, papillary, spindle cell, undifferentiated, acantholytic, and basaloid) and uncommon etiologies of head and neck SCC (human papillomavirus, Epstein-Barr Virus, and NUT midline carcinomas).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology


46. Oztürk O, Sari M, Inanli S, Kara EK: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx: a case report. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg; 2005;15(5-6):125-9
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx: a case report.
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a very rare, high grade, and aggressive variant of SCC, with a predilection for the upper aerodigestive system.
  • We present a 50-year-old man with basaloid SCC of the supraglottic larynx, which was initially misdiagnosed as SCC.
  • Basaloid SCC should be considered in the differential diagnosis of upper aerodigestive system malignancies because it has a distinct prognostic significance compared to conventional SCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous / diagnosis. Laryngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16444094.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-7475
  • [Journal-full-title] Kulak burun boğaz ihtisas dergisi : KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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47. Chetty R, Serra S, Hsieh E: Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the anal canal with an adenoid cystic pattern: histologic and immunohistochemical reappraisal of an unusual variant. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Dec;29(12):1668-72
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the anal canal with an adenoid cystic pattern: histologic and immunohistochemical reappraisal of an unusual variant.
  • Two cases of a distinctive variety of basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC) of the anal canal are described.
  • Histologic evaluation of the tumors showed lobules and aggregates of medium-sized basaloid cells with distinctive peripheral palisading and focal areas of central, comedo-necrosis.
  • This appearance together with microcystic spaces simulated that of an adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • The histologic differential diagnosis is true salivary gland-type adenoid cystic carcinoma and basal cell adenocarcinoma.
  • Immunohistochemistry and awareness of this unusual pattern of BSC will facilitate the correct diagnosis being reached.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16327441.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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48. Hu JC, Ko CJ, Soriano TT, Chiu MW: Syringomatous carcinoma in a young patient treated with Mohs micrographic surgery. Cutis; 2006 Jan;77(1):19-24; quiz 37-8
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  • [Title] Syringomatous carcinoma in a young patient treated with Mohs micrographic surgery.
  • Syringomatous carcinoma (SC) has typically been observed in middle-aged and older patients.
  • Histopathologic examination results showed a dermal neoplasm consisting of nests of basaloid cells, focal areas of ductal differentiation, moderate dermal fibrosis, and moderate nuclear atypia consistent with a diagnosis of SC.
  • This case demonstrates the importance of differentiating SC from other benign or malignant entities, the value of a prompt diagnosis of SC, and the effective treatment of SC with MMS.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Epidermal Cyst / diagnosis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratins / analysis. Male

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  • (PMID = 16475490.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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49. Szendroi M, Antal I, Arató G: Adamantinoma of long bones: a long-term follow-up study of 11 cases. Pathol Oncol Res; 2009 Jun;15(2):209-16
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  • The initial diagnosis at referral was other than adamantinoma in six patients (fibrous dysplasia, carcinoma metastasis, osteofibrous dysplasia, bone cyst, non-ossifying fibroma), referring to the differential diagnostic problems.
  • By histological evaluation, basaloid pattern on a background of fibrotic stroma dominated in six patients, while spindle and squamous features were less frequently seen.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19048403.001).
  • [ISSN] 1219-4956
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology oncology research : POR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Oncol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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50. Desai SS, Jambhekar N, Agarwal M, Puri A, Merchant N: Adamantinoma of tibia: a study of 12 cases. J Surg Oncol; 2006 Apr 1;93(5):429-33
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  • BACKGROUND: Adamantinoma is a rare tumor of long bones that can be mistaken for a carcinoma, and numerous other lesions such as myoepithelial tumor, malignant mixed tumor of bone, fibrous dysplasia/osteofibrous dysplasia, and vascular tumors.
  • The histology revealed epithelial islands with basaloid, spindle, and squamous features on a background of fibrotic stroma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone / diagnosis. Fibula / pathology. Humans. Male. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16550582.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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51. Siddaraju N, Mishra MM, Roy SK, Bundele MM, Jayanthi S: Pseudoglandular pattern of basaloid cells in pilomatrixoma in the needle aspiration cytology: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Jan;50(1):63-5
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  • [Title] Pseudoglandular pattern of basaloid cells in pilomatrixoma in the needle aspiration cytology: a case report.
  • Here, we report a case of pilomatrixoma that presented with prominent gland like arrangement of basaloid cells on cytologic smears causing diagnostic problem.
  • Clinical diagnosis in the present case was cervical lymphadenitis and the cytologic smears showed a strikingly varied morphology with few loose clusters of basaloid cells exhibiting pseudoglandular pattern.
  • A possibility of metastatic carcinoma was considered.
  • However, following histopathologic diagnosis of pilomatrixoma, when cytologic smears were reviewed, it was realized that the ghost cells were overlooked as anucleate squames.
  • Awareness of the cytomorphologic characteristics of ghost cells and their identification in cytologic smears is highly criticalfor an accurate diagnosis.
  • A prominent basaloid cell component of pilomatrixoma with a pseudoglandular pattern, which has not been described earlier, may easily lead to a false positive diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Needle. Pilomatrixoma / diagnosis. Pilomatrixoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Histocytochemistry. Humans. Lymphadenitis / pathology. Male

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  • (PMID = 17474263.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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52. Cabibi D, Cipolla C, Maria Florena A, Fricano S, Barresi E, Vieni S, Rodolico V, Napoli L: Solid variant of mammary "adenoid cystic carcinoma with basaloid features" merging with "small cell carcinoma". Pathol Res Pract; 2005;201(10):705-11
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  • [Title] Solid variant of mammary "adenoid cystic carcinoma with basaloid features" merging with "small cell carcinoma".
  • We describe a rare case of a solid variant of a mammary adenoid cystic carcinoma with basaloid features (sbACC) and its coexistence with a "small cell" carcinoma (SCC), identified and confirmed by histological and immunohistochemical observations: the absence of glandular structures and PAS-positive globules, positivity for neuroendocrine markers (NSE, synaptophysin and chromogranin), and negativity for 34betaE12 and SMA actin were the aspects suggesting the presence of SCC.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a solid basaloid adenoid cystic carcinoma merging with an SCC carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Small Cell / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16325513.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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53. Kim MJ, Ha SY, Kim NR, Cho HY, Chung DH, Kim GY: Aspiration cytology features of pulmonary basaloid carcinoma. Cytopathology; 2009 Oct;20(5):336-9
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  • [Title] Aspiration cytology features of pulmonary basaloid carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19500124.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2303
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytopathology : official journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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54. Yébenes M, Toll A, Vélez M, Barranco C, Alonso-López NA, Gonzalez-Sarmiento R, Bellosillo B, Pujol RM: Linear unilateral hamartomatous basal cell naevus with glandular and follicular differentiation. Clin Exp Dermatol; 2008 Jul;33(4):429-32
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  • Of the various clinical patterns of cutaneous mosaicism, linear lesions following Blaschko's lines are probably the most commonly encountered, Several cases of multiple basal cell carcinomas or basaloid hamartomatous lesions distributed in a segmentary distribution and following Blaschko's lines have been described.
  • The various terms of 'linear unilateral basal cell naevus with comedones', 'linear unilateral basaloid follicular hamartoma', 'linear unilateral basal cell naevus', and 'basal-cell and linear unilateral adnexal hamartoma' have been used to define this apparently heterogeneous group of disorders.
  • We report a 66-year-old woman with a linear unilateral lesion that appeared during puberty and that histologically showed an adnexal hamartomatous lesion with multiple superficial and nodular basal cell carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Hair Follicle / pathology. Hamartoma / pathology. Mosaicism. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18312461.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2230
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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56. Kamal BA: Basaloid carcinoma of epididymis. Urology; 2005 Jun;65(6):1227
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  • [Title] Basaloid carcinoma of epididymis.
  • A case of basaloid carcinoma of the right epididymis in a 22-year-old Saudi man is described.
  • The tumor cells were rather uniform and basaloid and contained many abnormal mitoses.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Epididymis. Genital Neoplasms, Male / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15922440.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Adachi K, Hosaka N, Takao M, Fujinaga K: [Clinicopathologic study of thymic epithelial tumors]. Kyobu Geka; 2005 Feb;58(2):119-22
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  • METHODS: Five cases of thymic carcinoma and 6 cases of thymoma treated in our hospital from September 1991 to June 2002 were retrospectively analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The histological subtypes of thymic carcinoma were basaloid carcinoma in 2 cases, epidermoid non-keratinizing carcinoma in 1 case, undifferentiated carcinoma in 1 case and sarcomatoid carcinoma in 1 case.
  • Two cases of basaloid carcinoma had been alive more than 10 years since the operation.
  • Strong immunoreactivity for bcl-2 and p 53 expression of epidermoid non-keratinizing carcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma were seen. ki-67 labeling index of epidermoid non-keratinizing carcinoma and undifferentiated carcinoma and type B 3 thymoma were higher than those of the other carcinomas and thymomas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / surgery. Female. Humans. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Thymectomy

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  • (PMID = 15724473.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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58. Quintyn-Ranty ML, Escourrou G, Guilbeau C, Rimailho J, Delisle MB: [Vaginal adenoid cystic carcinoma: a case report]. Ann Pathol; 2008 Apr;28(2):135-7
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  • [Title] [Vaginal adenoid cystic carcinoma: a case report].
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma generally arises from the salivary glands and is rarely found in the female genital tract.
  • Differential diagnosis includes adenoid basal carcinoma, polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma and basaloid squamous cell carcinoma.
  • We report a case of adenoid cystic carcinoma in a 48-year-old woman with previous cervical HPV infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Vaginal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18675169.001).
  • [ISSN] 0242-6498
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pathol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins
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59. Ordi J, Alejo M, Fusté V, Lloveras B, Del Pino M, Alonso I, Torné A: HPV-negative vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) with basaloid histologic pattern: an unrecognized variant of simplex (differentiated) VIN. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Nov;33(11):1659-65
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  • [Title] HPV-negative vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN) with basaloid histologic pattern: an unrecognized variant of simplex (differentiated) VIN.
  • Histologically, classic VIN may be basaloid and characterized by a replacement of the whole epidermis by a homogeneous population of small, "undifferentiated" keratinocytes, which are diffusely positive for p16(INK4a) and negative for p53.
  • From a series of 110 invasive squamous cell carcinomas of the vulva negative for HPV by highly sensitive polymerase chain reaction, 51 had VIN lesions located at least 1 cm away from the tumor.
  • In 4 (7.8%) cases, the VIN had basaloid histologic features.
  • All cases showed obvious architectural disorganization with a homogeneous population of basaloid, undifferentiated keratinocytes with scanty cytoplasm replacing the whole epidermis.
  • The invasive squamous cell carcinoma was of keratinizing type in 3 cases and basaloid in 1 case.
  • In conclusion, simplex, HPV-negative VIN may occasionally have basaloid morphology.
  • Immunostaining for p16(INK4a) and p53 protein may be helpful in the identification of these lesions and the differential diagnosis with classic, HPV-positive basaloid VIN.
  • [MeSH-major] Alphapapillomavirus / isolation & purification. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Vulvar Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. DNA, Viral / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hyperplasia. Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus / complications. Lichen Sclerosus et Atrophicus / pathology. Middle Aged. Papillomavirus Infections / diagnosis. Skin / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19730361.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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60. Goto H, Yamamoto T, Ishiyama Z, Usui M, Okada S: Adenoid cystic carcinoma arising from the lower eyelid. Jpn J Ophthalmol; 2006 Jul-Aug;50(4):374-6
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  • [Title] Adenoid cystic carcinoma arising from the lower eyelid.
  • BACKGROUND: Primary cutaneous adenoid cystic carcinoma is one of the rarest eyelid tumors.
  • OBSERVATIONS: Under a clinical diagnosis of chalazion, the eyelid induration was extracted surgically via the palpebral conjunctiva.
  • Histopathological examination of the extracted tumor revealed proliferation of basaloid cells with a prominent cribriform pattern containing Alcian blue-positive and periodic acid Schiff-positive material, leading to a diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Adenoid cystic carcinoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis of eyelid tumors simulating chalazion.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma in the eyelid may have a more favorable prognosis than that in the lacrimal gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) Japanese Ophthalmological Society 2006.
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  • (PMID = 16897224.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5155
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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61. Hellani A, Baghdadi H, Dabbour N, Almassri N, Abu-Amero KK: A novel PTCH1 germline mutation distinguishes basal cell carcinoma from basaloid follicular hamartoma: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2009;3:52
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  • [Title] A novel PTCH1 germline mutation distinguishes basal cell carcinoma from basaloid follicular hamartoma: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome is a rare autosomal dominant disorder characterized by numerous basal cell carcinomas, odontogenic keratocysts of the jaws and developmental defects.
  • Examination of the jaw cysts revealed many keratinizing cysts without granular cell layers a finding that raised the suspicion of nevoid basal cell carcinoma.
  • Histopathological examination showed basaloid proliferation in the upper dermis with follicular differentiation surrounded by a loose mucinous stroma and retraction artifacts.
  • These features make it difficult to differentiate between nevoid basal cell carcinoma and basaloid follicular hamartoma, especially the presence of these findings on a non-hairy area.
  • BCL-2 staining was positive in the periphery of the basaloid proliferation, which is typical of basaloid follicular hamartoma, and not in a diffuse pattern, which is typical of nevoid basal cell carcinoma.
  • Since histology was equivocal and palmoplantar pits are seen in both basaloid follicular hamartoma and nevoid basal cell carcinoma, molecular genetic investigation was necessary to differentiate between the two potential diagnoses.
  • CONCLUSION: Screening the PTCH1 gene for mutations helped to differentiate between basaloid follicular hamartoma and nevoid basal cell carcinoma and confirmed the diagnosis.

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  • [Cites] J Cutan Pathol. 2008 May;35(5):477-83 [18399809.001]
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  • (PMID = 19203369.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2642855
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62. Kimura T, Mukai M, Shiotani A, Moro K, Ikeda A, Okada Y: Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the hypopharynx with an extensive spindle cell component exhibiting a pedunculated polypoid mass. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 Apr;129(4):e94-6
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the hypopharynx with an extensive spindle cell component exhibiting a pedunculated polypoid mass.
  • We report a case of basaloid squamous carcinoma of the hypopharynx with an extensive spindle cell component in an 82-year-old man.
  • Histologically, most (70%) of the tumor was composed of malignant spindle cell proliferation, and the rest (30%) was basaloid squamous carcinoma.
  • The preoperative histologic diagnosis was difficult because the endoscopic biopsy specimens showed only spindle cell proliferation.
  • This is an unusual presentation of basaloid squamous carcinoma of the head and neck.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology. Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15794698.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Antoine M: [Contribution of immunohistochemistry to the management of lung cancer: from morphology to diagnosis and treatment]. Rev Pneumol Clin; 2007 Jun;63(3):183-92
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  • [Title] [Contribution of immunohistochemistry to the management of lung cancer: from morphology to diagnosis and treatment].
  • We detail here the contribution of IHC to the classification of lung cancer: small-cell lung cancer and other neuroendocrine tumors, basaloid carcinoma, large-cell carcinoma.
  • The distinction is less clear for large-cell carcinoma or squamous-cell carcinoma, or for tumors with a pleural or mediastinal presentation.
  • IHC is also useful as a diagnostic aid for rare entities: carcinomas with an unusual morphology (alpha-fetoproetin secretors or beta-HCG secretors), melanomas, lymphomas, sarcomas.
  • Other morphological techniques such as hybridization in situ or molecular biology techniques will further complete the histological diagnosis in the future.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Large Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Small Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / pathology. Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human / analysis. Forecasting. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphoma / pathology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology. Melanoma / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Neuroendocrine Tumors / pathology. Pleural Neoplasms / pathology. Prognosis. Sarcoma / pathology. alpha-Fetoproteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17675942.001).
  • [ISSN] 0761-8417
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de pneumologie clinique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Pneumol Clin
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins
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64. Muñoz-Guerra MF, Nieto S, Capote AL, Rodríguez-Campo FJ, Naval-Gías L: Undifferentiated carcinoma arising from the Stensen's duct: a case report and review of the literature. Am J Otolaryngol; 2005 Nov-Dec;26(6):415-8
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  • [Title] Undifferentiated carcinoma arising from the Stensen's duct: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Primary carcinoma arising in Stensen's duct is an extremely rare and poorly understood tumor.
  • Microscopic examination revealed tumor cells of basaloid pattern with squamous differentiation in some areas.
  • Primary carcinoma of Stensen's duct should be histologically consistent with epidermoid, mucoepidermoid, or undifferentiated carcinoma.
  • The diagnosis of true Stensen's duct carcinoma can be performed on the basis of clinical presentation, radiological findings, and tumor histology.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Ducts

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  • (PMID = 16275415.001).
  • [ISSN] 0196-0709
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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65. Guimarães GC, Cunha IW, Soares FA, Lopes A, Torres J, Chaux A, Velazquez EF, Ayala G, Cubilla AL: Penile squamous cell carcinoma clinicopathological features, nodal metastasis and outcome in 333 cases. J Urol; 2009 Aug;182(2):528-34; discussion 534
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  • [Title] Penile squamous cell carcinoma clinicopathological features, nodal metastasis and outcome in 333 cases.
  • PURPOSE: We evaluated clinicopathological features and outcomes in patients with penile squamous cell carcinoma.
  • RESULTS: The usual type of squamous cell carcinoma was noted in 65% of cases.
  • Higher histological grade, deeper anatomical infiltration, and vascular and perineural invasion were common findings in sarcomatoid, basaloid and adenosquamous carcinoma cases, correlating with a higher rate of nodal metastasis and mortality.
  • These features were unusual in verrucous, papillary and warty carcinoma cases.
  • Recurrence in 22% of cases was common for the sarcomatoid, basaloid and adenosquamous types but was not noted for verrucous carcinoma.
  • Locoregional relapse was more common in cases of usual, mixed, papillary and warty carcinoma, and systemic relapse was typical in sarcomatoid and basaloid carcinoma cases.
  • High grade tumors were more common in penectomy cases and carcinoma exclusive of the foreskin had a better prognosis.
  • The nodal metastasis risk groups were low--verrucous, papillary and warty, intermediate--usual and mixed, and high risk--sarcomatoid, basaloid and adenosquamous.
  • Mortality risk groups were low--mixed, papillary and warty, intermediate--usual and basaloid, and high risk--sarcomatoid.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Penile Neoplasms / diagnosis. Penile Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19524964.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Rekhi B, Kane SV, Chaturvedi P: Cytomorphology of a metastatic basaloid squamous carcinoma from an intranasal tumor: a diagnostic mimic for a neuroendocrine tumor--a rare case report. Diagn Cytopathol; 2009 Jul;37(7):546-8
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  • [Title] Cytomorphology of a metastatic basaloid squamous carcinoma from an intranasal tumor: a diagnostic mimic for a neuroendocrine tumor--a rare case report.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cytodiagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Neuroblastoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19373914.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Batrani M, Kaushal M, Sen AK, Yadav R, Chaturvedi NK: Pleomorphic adenoma with squamous and appendageal metaplasia mimicking mucoepidermoid carcinoma on cytology. Cytojournal; 2009;6:5
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  • [Title] Pleomorphic adenoma with squamous and appendageal metaplasia mimicking mucoepidermoid carcinoma on cytology.
  • Fine needle aspiration cytology showed squamous cells, basaloid cells, and foamy cells, along with extracellular keratin and foreign body giant cells.
  • A diagnosis of mucoepidermoid carcinoma was given on cytology.
  • CONCLUSION: This case illustrates that pleomorphic adenoma with squamous metaplasia presents a potential for misinterpretation as mucoepidermoid carcinoma on cytology.

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  • (PMID = 19495404.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-6413
  • [Journal-full-title] CytoJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytojournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2678828
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Mucoepidermoid carcinoma / pleomorphic adenoma / squamous metaplasia
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68. Rabban JT, Swain RS, Zaloudek CJ, Chase DR, Chen YY: Immunophenotypic overlap between adenoid cystic carcinoma and collagenous spherulosis of the breast: potential diagnostic pitfalls using myoepithelial markers. Mod Pathol; 2006 Oct;19(10):1351-7
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  • [Title] Immunophenotypic overlap between adenoid cystic carcinoma and collagenous spherulosis of the breast: potential diagnostic pitfalls using myoepithelial markers.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast is a rare neoplasm whose cribriform architecture may mimic invasive cribriform carcinoma, cribriform ductal carcinoma in situ, and collagenous spherulosis.
  • The diagnosis may be even more challenging in needle core biopsies.
  • Immunohistochemical expression of p63 and c-kit distinguishes adenoid cystic carcinoma from invasive cribriform carcinoma and ductal carcinoma in situ.
  • A formal comparison of the immunophenotype of adenoid cystic carcinoma to collagenous spherulosis has not been reported.
  • We evaluated smooth muscle actin, p63, calponin, smooth muscle myosin heavy chain, as well as c-kit, in nine cases of cribriform pattern adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast in comparison to 12 cases of collagenous spherulosis.
  • Both entities strongly expressed p63 and smooth muscle actin; in adenoid cystic carcinoma, the basaloid myoepithelial-like tumor cells expressed these markers, but the ductular epithelial cells did not.
  • Neither calponin nor smooth muscle myosin heavy chain was expressed in adenoid cystic carcinoma but both were strongly expressed in collagenous spherulosis.
  • Whereas the ductular epithelial cells of adenoid cystic carcinoma were positive for c-kit in all cases, collagenous spherulosis was negative for c-kit.
  • Positive p63 expression by a cribriform breast lesion is not sufficiently specific to confirm a diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • A broader panel that includes calponin or smooth muscle myosin heavy chain and c-kit is required to exclude collagenous spherulosis in settings in which the distinctive morphologic features that separate these entities are not conspicuously present.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Collagen. Epithelial Cells / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Calcium-Binding Proteins / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Membrane Proteins / analysis. Microfilament Proteins / analysis. Myosin Heavy Chains / analysis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / analysis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16810311.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 0 / calponin; 9007-34-5 / Collagen; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 3.6.4.1 / Myosin Heavy Chains
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69. Díaz de Liaño A, Olivera E, Yárnoz C, García-Bragado F, Ortiz H: [Multifocal basaloid squamous carcinoma of the esophagus]. Cir Esp; 2007 Dec;82(6):358-60
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  • [Title] [Multifocal basaloid squamous carcinoma of the esophagus].
  • [Transliterated title] Carcinoma basaloide escamoso multifocal de esófago.
  • Basaloid-squamous carcinoma is a poorly-differentiated variety of squamous cell carcinoma.
  • We present a case of basaloid-squamous cell of the esophagus a 54 year-old man who underwent an esophagectomy with lymphadenectomy and has been followed-up for 5 years with no evidence of disease recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18053506.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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70. Stelow EB, Mills SE: Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the upper aerodigestive tract. Am J Clin Pathol; 2005 Dec;124 Suppl:S96-109
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  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma variants of the upper aerodigestive tract.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is by far the most common malignancy of the upper aerodigestive tract.
  • In such cases, correct diagnosis is important for prognostic and therapeutic reasons.
  • This article discusses the clinicopathologic features of the upper aerodigestive tract variants of SCC, including verrucous carcinoma, papillary squamous cell carcinoma, basaloid squamous cell carcinoma, spindle cell carcinoma, adenosquamous carcinoma, adenoid squamous cell carcinoma, and undifferentiated carcinoma.
  • It also discusses the differential diagnoses that must be considered and the use of ancillary testing, especially immunohistochemical analysis, for determining the correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Digestive System Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Adenosquamous / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16468420.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9173
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 109
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71. Nagakawa H, Hiroshima K, Takiguchi Y, Yatomi M, Takahashi Y, Mikami M, Nakatani Y, Kuriyama T: Basaloid squamous-cell carcinoma of the lung in a young woman. Int J Clin Oncol; 2006 Feb;11(1):66-8
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous-cell carcinoma of the lung in a young woman.
  • We report a rare case of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the lung in a young Japanese woman.
  • Transbronchial fine-needle aspiration cytology supported a tentative diagnosis of primary squamous-cell carcinoma of the lung.
  • Necropsy established the diagnosis of basaloid squamous-cell carcinoma of the lung.
  • This is the youngest patient with a case of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the lung ever reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16508733.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-9625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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72. Tallon B, Cerroni L: Where pigmented pilomatricoma and melanocytic matricoma collide. Am J Dermatopathol; 2010 Dec;32(8):769-73
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  • Although containing the same constituent cells, the silhouette differs, with matricoma comprised of a predominantly solid basaloid proliferation with only focal areas of shadow cell formation.
  • We studied retrospectively 28 pilomatricomas and 2 pilomatrical carcinomas to check for the presence of melanocytes using immunohistochemical staining to S-100 and Melan-A.
  • Both cases of pilomatrical carcinoma were negative.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Aged. Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Proliferation. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hyperplasia. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Predictive Value of Tests. Retrospective Studies. S100 Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 20881831.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Melan-A 51-73 peptide; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins
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73. Sawai T, Inoue Y, Doi S, Ikuta Y, Kimino K, Nakashima M, Soda H, Kohno S: Tubular adenocarcinoma of the thymus: case report and review of the literature. Int J Surg Pathol; 2006 Jul;14(3):243-6
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  • Primary carcinomas of the thymus are rare.
  • A variety of histologic patterns have been reported, and the most common are squamous cell carcinoma, lymphoepithelioma like carcinoma, and basaloid carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 16959713.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen
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74. Tilakaratne WM, Kobayashi T, Ida-Yonemochi H, Swelam W, Yamazaki M, Mikami T, Alvarado CG, Shahidul AM, Maruyama S, Cheng J, Saku T: Matrix metalloproteinase 7 and perlecan in oral epithelial dysplasia and carcinoma in situ: an aid for histopathologic recognition of their cell proliferation centers. J Oral Pathol Med; 2009 Apr;38(4):348-55
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  • [Title] Matrix metalloproteinase 7 and perlecan in oral epithelial dysplasia and carcinoma in situ: an aid for histopathologic recognition of their cell proliferation centers.
  • BACKGROUND: As one of the valuable tools for differential diagnoses of oral epithelial dysplasia, carcinoma in situ (CIS) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), we have proposed the immunohistochemistry for perlecan, a heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG).
  • The most striking finding was strong expression of MMP-7 in epithelial dysplasia with a two-phase appearance: a clear demarcation of MMP-7-immunopositive (+) lower dysplastic/basaloid cells from non-positive upper keratinized cells.
  • In SCC, MMP-7 positivity was reduced from carcinoma cells but instead appeared in stromal cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism. Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinase 7 / biosynthesis. Precancerous Conditions / metabolism. Tongue Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Proliferation. Diagnosis, Differential. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Matrix Metalloproteinase 1 / biosynthesis. Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 19239574.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0714
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Pathol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Heparan Sulfate Proteoglycans; 143972-95-6 / perlecan; EC 3.4.24.23 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 7; EC 3.4.24.24 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2; EC 3.4.24.7 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 1
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75. Bhadani PP, Sen R, Bhadani UK, Karki S, Agarwal S: Is fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) useful in skin adnexal masses? A study on 5 cases of pilomatixoma. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Apr;50(2):411-4
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  • PMX was diagnosed on FNAC in 3 cases on finding groups of basaloid cells, ghost epithelial cells, pink fibrillary material and calcium deposits.
  • Other cases were diagnosed as epidermal inclusion cyst with the differential diagnosis of well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma and skin appendageal tumor of undetermined origin in one case each.
  • [MeSH-major] Hair Diseases / diagnosis. Pilomatrixoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17883095.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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76. Drîgnei-Veselu D, Simionescu C, Georgescu CV, Bogdan F: Histopathological and immunohistochemical aspects in both basaloid and spindle cell variant of cervical carcinoma. Rom J Morphol Embryol; 2006;47(1):43-6
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  • [Title] Histopathological and immunohistochemical aspects in both basaloid and spindle cell variant of cervical carcinoma.
  • The study was performed by using a number of eight cases of cervical carcinomas suiting to basaloid carcinomas and spindle cell carcinomas under the circumstances of usual histopathological staining.
  • Immunoexpression for PCNA indicated a high index of cell proliferation for all the cases with a more increased value for the basaloid carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


77. Hung JJ, Li AF, Liu JS, Lin YS, Hsu WH: Esophageal carcinosarcoma with basaloid squamous cell carcinoma and osteosarcoma. Ann Thorac Surg; 2008 Mar;85(3):1102-4
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  • [Title] Esophageal carcinosarcoma with basaloid squamous cell carcinoma and osteosarcoma.
  • It often presents as a large intraluminal polypoid tumor with early onset of symptoms resulting in prompt diagnosis.
  • We present here the first case of a carcinosarcoma of the esophagus that had a basaloid squamous cell carcinoma component in addition to the osteosarcoma and without a transitional zone.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology. Carcinosarcoma / pathology. Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Osteosarcoma / pathology


78. Rizvi SA, Naim M, Alam MS: A giant upper eyelid ossifying pilomatrixoma. Indian J Ophthalmol; 2008 Nov-Dec;56(6):509-11
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  • A differential diagnosis of dermoid, epidermoid cyst, chalazion and basal cell carcinoma was made.
  • A diagnosis of pilomatrixoma was made on histopathological features (dystrophic calcification of matrix with keratin and foreign body granulomatous reaction, basaloid cells and shadow cells/ghost cells).
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • [Cites] Cutis. 2002 Jan;69(1):23-6 [11829174.001]
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  • (PMID = 18974526.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-4738
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2612977
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79. Coletta RD, Almeida OP, Vargas PA: Cytokeratins 1, 7 and 14 immunoexpression are helpful in the diagnosis of basaloid squamous carcinoma. Histopathology; 2006 May;48(6):773-4
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  • [Title] Cytokeratins 1, 7 and 14 immunoexpression are helpful in the diagnosis of basaloid squamous carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Keratins / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratin-1. Keratin-14. Keratin-7

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  • (PMID = 16681702.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / KRT1 protein, human; 0 / KRT14 protein, human; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-1; 0 / Keratin-14; 0 / Keratin-7; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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80. Córdoba A, Guerrero D, Larrinaga B, Iglesias ME, Arrechea MA, Yanguas JI: Bcl-2 and CD10 expression in the differential diagnosis of trichoblastoma, basal cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma with follicular differentiation. Int J Dermatol; 2009 Jul;48(7):713-7
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  • [Title] Bcl-2 and CD10 expression in the differential diagnosis of trichoblastoma, basal cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma with follicular differentiation.
  • BACKGROUND: Both trichoblastoma and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the skin are characterized morphologically by the proliferation of basaloid cells; however, BCCs are clinically associated with a more aggressive behavior.
  • An accurate diagnosis of these lesions is essential for effective, timely treatment and appropriate therapeutic decisions.
  • RESULTS: Bcl-2 is useful for the detection of BCC with diffuse expression in nests of basaloid cells, but cannot distinguish between BCC with follicular differentiation and trichoblastoma, as both lesions show the same pattern with positive and negative areas.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Neprilysin / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Skin Diseases / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Differentiation. Cell Division. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry

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  • (PMID = 19570076.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-4632
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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81. Abbas O, Richards JE, Mahalingam M: Fibroblast-activation protein: a single marker that confidently differentiates morpheaform/infiltrative basal cell carcinoma from desmoplastic trichoepithelioma. Mod Pathol; 2010 Nov;23(11):1535-43
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  • [Title] Fibroblast-activation protein: a single marker that confidently differentiates morpheaform/infiltrative basal cell carcinoma from desmoplastic trichoepithelioma.
  • Microscopically, differentiating desmoplastic trichoepithelioma from morpheaform/infiltrative basal cell carcinoma can be difficult as both show 'islands and strands of basaloid cells embedded in a sclerotic stroma'.
  • More recently, it has been identified as a marker of reactive tumor stromal fibroblasts, as it is reportedly selectively expressed in peritumoral stromal fibroblasts of multiple epithelial cancers including cutaneous malignancies such as basal cell carcinoma.
  • Given this, we sought to ascertain the use of fibroblast-activation protein in distinguishing morpheaform/infiltrative basal cell carcinoma from desmoplastic trichoepithelioma.
  • Immunohistochemical staining for fibroblast-activation protein was performed on desmoplastic trichoepithelioma (n=25) and morpheaform/infiltrative basal cell carcinoma (n=25), with the control group comprising scars from reexcision specimens (n=10).
  • Of interest, fibroblast-activation protein expression was observed in peritumoral fibroblasts of all cases of morpheaform/infiltrative basal cell carcinoma (25 of 25, 100%) but not in any cases of desmoplastic trichoepithelioma (0 of 25, 0%).
  • A gradient of fibroblast-activation protein expression was observed in morpheaform/infiltrative basal cell carcinoma with more intense expression noted in fibroblasts abutting the tumor cells, a less intense expression in the distal peritumoral stromal portion, and minimal to loss of expression in adjacent normal tissue.
  • In summary, findings from this study underscore the use of fibroblast-activation protein as a histologic adjunct in confidently differentiating morpheaform/infiltrative basal cell carcinoma from desmoplastic trichoepithelioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Fibroblasts / enzymology. Gelatinases / analysis. Membrane Proteins / analysis. Serine Endopeptidases / analysis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Boston. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Predictive Value of Tests. Young Adult


82. Chen JX, Tang Q, Zhu HN, Zheng YD: [Diagnosis and treatment of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2008 May;30(5):392-5
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  • [Title] [Diagnosis and treatment of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the histopathological features of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus, and to explore the ways of its diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment.
  • METHODS: The clinical data and pathological features of 23 cases of esophageal basaloid squamous cell carcinoma were reviewed and analyzed retrospectively.
  • CONCLUSION: The basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus is highly malignant with poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / therapy. Esophageal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Esophageal Neoplasms / therapy. Esophagus / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Esophagectomy / methods. Female. Fluorouracil / administration & dosage. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Male. Middle Aged. Radiotherapy, High-Energy. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 18953844.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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83. Lu SY, Eng HL, Huang CC, Chien CY, Lui CC, Lin JW: Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the sinonasal tract: report of two cases. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 May;134(5):883-5
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the sinonasal tract: report of two cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biopsy. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16647553.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Carroll EE, Fossey SL, Mangus LM, Carsillo ME, Rush LJ, McLeod CG, Johnson TO: Malignant pilomatricoma in 3 dogs. Vet Pathol; 2010 Sep;47(5):937-43
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  • Malignant pilomatricoma, also known as pilomatrix carcinoma and calcifying epitheliocarcinoma (in the human literature), has been considered a rare neoplasm of dogs.
  • In all cases, the histologic features included trabeculae of basaloid cells, abrupt keratinization, "ghost" or "shadow" cells, and various features of malignancy consistent with a diagnosis of malignant pilomatricoma.

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  • (PMID = 20466858.001).
  • [ISSN] 1544-2217
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Ozgursoy OB, Yorulmaz I, Tulunay O: Rapid and unusual spread of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus. B-ENT; 2008;4(4):233-8
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  • [Title] Rapid and unusual spread of basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus.
  • Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma is a variant of epidermoid carcinoma with a morphology consisting of both basaloid and squamous cell components.
  • In this report, we present the aggressive course of a basaloid squamous cell carcinoma of the maxillary sinus in a 28-year-old patient who died only four months after the initial diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous / secondary. Maxillary Sinus Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19227029.001).
  • [ISSN] 1781-782X
  • [Journal-full-title] B-ENT
  • [ISO-abbreviation] B-ENT
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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86. Tsunoda Y, Tanaka K, Okada K, Ishizu H, Masuko H, Hata T, Kawamura H, Yokota R, Yamagami H, Watarai H, Yokota K, Tanioka T: [Thymic basaloid carcinoma]. Kyobu Geka; 2010 Sep;63(10):857-61
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  • [Title] [Thymic basaloid carcinoma].
  • Radical thymectomy was performed, and histopathologically the tumor was diagnosed as thymic basaloid carcinoma.
  • Thymic basaloid carcinoma is a rare tumor and is often associated with multilocular thymic cyst.
  • Generally, the malignancy of thymic basaloid carcinomas are regarded as low-grade compared with other thymic carcinomas, however, since mortality and recurrence have been reported, careful follow-up is required.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Thymus Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20845693.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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87. El-Mofty SK: Human papillomavirus (HPV) related carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract. Head Neck Pathol; 2007 Dec;1(2):181-5
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  • [Title] Human papillomavirus (HPV) related carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract.
  • Epidemiologic, clinical, morphologic and molecular evidence show that high risk HPV, particularly type 16, is a prerequisite for some carcinomas of the upper aerodigestive tract (UADT), particularly tonsil and base of tongue.
  • Microscopically they are non-keratinizing squamous cell carcinomas with basaloid features, excessive mitosis and comedo type necrosis.
  • HPV + carcinomas are more radio-sensitive and have a better prognosis than the classical keratinizing SCC of the UADT.
  • The impact of the vaccine on the prevalence of HPV related carcinomas of the UADT is currently not known but likely beneficial.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Palatine Tonsil / pathology. Papillomavirus Infections / pathology. Tongue Neoplasms / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology. Tumor Virus Infections / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20614273.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Congresses
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / Viral Vaccines
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807527
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88. Haykal S, Al Habeeb AS, Goldstein DP, Murray CA, Ghazarian D: Infundibular carcinoma of the skin: a distinct morphological and immunohistochemical entity. J Clin Pathol; 2010 May;63(5):455-62
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  • [Title] Infundibular carcinoma of the skin: a distinct morphological and immunohistochemical entity.
  • This report describes a new entity which has been defined as infundibular carcinoma (IC) of the skin.
  • This new entity must be distinguished from other basaloid carcinomas arising from the epidermis, the hair follicles or from sweat duct and glandular elements.
  • A brief review of benign and malignant tumours of the pilar unit and the differential diagnosis of IC is also provided.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Hair Diseases / pathology. Hair Follicle. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 20418236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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89. Kacerovska D, Szepe P, Vanecek T, Nemcova J, Michal M, Mukensnabl P, Kazakov DV: Spiradenocylindroma-like basaloid carcinoma of the anus and rectum: case report, including HPV studies and analysis of the CYLD gene mutations. Am J Dermatopathol; 2008 Oct;30(5):472-6
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  • [Title] Spiradenocylindroma-like basaloid carcinoma of the anus and rectum: case report, including HPV studies and analysis of the CYLD gene mutations.
  • The authors report a case of basaloid carcinoma involving the anus and rectum of a 57-year-old woman.
  • Microscopically, the tumor showed unusual morphologic features strongly resembling a spiradenocylindroma because it consisted, in most parts, of basaloid cell nodules arranged in a jigsaw-puzzle fashion containing or surrounded by eosinophilic basal membrane material; in addition, there were intratumoral lymphocytes.
  • The overlying squamous epithelium manifested dysplastic changes compatible with in situ squamous carcinoma that gradually became invasive and blended with basaloid cell islands; additionally, there were koilocytes in the squamous epithelium.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Human papillomavirus 16 / pathogenicity. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Middle Aged. Mutation / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18806492.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CYLD protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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90. Ball NJ, Tanhuanco-Kho G: Merkel cell carcinoma frequently shows histologic features of basal cell carcinoma: a study of 30 cases. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Aug;34(8):612-9
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  • [Title] Merkel cell carcinoma frequently shows histologic features of basal cell carcinoma: a study of 30 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a basaloid cutaneous neoplasm that may be mistaken for basal cell carcinoma (BCC).
  • Squamous cell carcinoma was identified in four cases (13%).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Merkel Cell / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Errors. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged

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  • [CommentIn] J Cutan Pathol. 2008 Aug;35(8):789-90 [18687075.001]
  • (PMID = 17640231.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
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91. Winters R, Naud S, Evans MF, Trotman W, Kasznica P, Elhosseiny A: Ber-EP4, CK1, CK7 and CK14 are useful markers for basaloid squamous carcinoma: a study of 45 cases. Head Neck Pathol; 2008 Dec;2(4):265-71
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  • [Title] Ber-EP4, CK1, CK7 and CK14 are useful markers for basaloid squamous carcinoma: a study of 45 cases.
  • Diagnosis of basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSCC) currently relies mainly on histological criteria, with variable immunohistochemical results reported in small series.
  • We explored the use of a battery of immunohistochemical stains to elucidate this diagnosis on 45 cases of BSCC.
  • Forty-five cases of BSCC and 34 site-matched cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) were obtained from the archives of the pathology department at our institution.

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  • (PMID = 20614292.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / PHS HHS / / 22435-22
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / Keratin-1; 0 / Keratin-14; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / human epithelial antigen-125
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807584
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Basaloid squamous carcinoma / Basosquamous carcinoma / Immunohistochemistry / Squamous cell carcinoma
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92. Torres Gómez FJ, Fernández Machín P, Pastor Roldán Aviña J, Torres Gómez A: [Basaloid carcinoma on a perianal fistula]. Cir Esp; 2010 Feb;87(2):116-7
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  • [Title] [Basaloid carcinoma on a perianal fistula].
  • [Transliterated title] Carcinoma basaloide sobre fístula perianal.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / complications. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / complications. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 19540462.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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93. Subramanian B, Agrawal K, Panda K: Basaloid squamous carcinoma of mandible. J Craniofac Surg; 2009 Jan;20(1):151-3
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous carcinoma of mandible.
  • Basaloid squamous carcinoma is a rare distinct histologic variant of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region.
  • Basaloid squamous carcinoma is more aggressive and has a poorer prognosis, although histologically, it is associated with squamous cell carcinoma and squamous atypia.
  • The usual site of occurrence for basaloid squamous carcinoma is the base of the tongue, hypopharynx (pyriform sinus), and the supraglottic larynx (Wain et al.
  • We are reporting an unusual case of basaloid squmous carcinoma of the mandible with no secondaries and features of sarcomatoid pattern histologically.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Mandibular Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Bone Wires. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gingival Neoplasms / diagnosis. Gingival Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Neck Dissection. Radiography, Panoramic. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

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  • (PMID = 19165013.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Fresini A, Rossiello L, Severino BU, Del Prete M, Satriano RA: Giant basal cell carcinoma. Skinmed; 2007 Jul-Aug;6(4):204-5
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  • [Title] Giant basal cell carcinoma.
  • The tumor mostly showed an adenoid pattern: gland-like structures and cystic spaces sometimes containing amorphous or granular material, surrounded by strands of basaloid cells devoid of any peripheral palisading (Figure 2C).
  • In some areas, the adenoid pattern coexisted with infiltrated areas characterized by thin and elongated strands or cords of basaloid cells with irregular and jagged peripheral contours within a fibrous or edematous stroma (Figure 2D).
  • Basaloid cells often revealed nuclear atypia, marked pleomorphism and hyperchromatism (Figure 2C and Figure 2D).
  • Therefore, a diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma, adenoid subtype, was made.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17618177.001).
  • [ISSN] 1540-9740
  • [Journal-full-title] Skinmed
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skinmed
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Lee PL, Lourduraj LT, Palko MJ 3rd, Jukic DM, English JC 3rd: Hereditary basaloid follicular hamartoma syndrome. Cutis; 2006 Jul;78(1):42-6
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  • [Title] Hereditary basaloid follicular hamartoma syndrome.
  • Basaloid follicular hamartoma syndrome (BFHS) is a rare adnexal tumor genodermatosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Facial Dermatoses / diagnosis. Hamartoma / diagnosis. Hand Dermatoses / diagnosis. Skin Diseases / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Syndrome


96. Segura S, Puig S, Carrera C, Palou J, Malvehy J: Dendritic cells in pigmented basal cell carcinoma: a relevant finding by reflectance-mode confocal microscopy. Arch Dermatol; 2007 Jul;143(7):883-6
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  • [Title] Dendritic cells in pigmented basal cell carcinoma: a relevant finding by reflectance-mode confocal microscopy.
  • BACKGROUND: Reflectance-mode confocal microscopy (RCM) is a new approach for the in vivo diagnosis of skin tumors.
  • A few studies of RCM on basal cell carcinoma (BCC) have provided specific diagnostic criteria, but large studies on pigmented basal cell carcinoma are lacking.
  • Proliferation of large dendritic-shaped cells within a melanocytic tumor has been associated with the diagnosis of melanoma by RCM.
  • Leaf-like areas observed on dermoscopy correlated with low-refractive cordlike structures and nodules by RCM and corresponded to nests of basaloid cells, whereas blue-gray globules presented as bright oval structures with ill-defined borders corresponding to melanophages.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Dendritic Cells / cytology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Melanoma / diagnosis. Melanoma / pathology. Microscopy, Confocal

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  • (PMID = 17638732.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-987X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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97. Ayyanar K, Parikh SR, Suhrland MJ, Levy AS: Pilomatrixoma in an infant: diagnostic challenges of fine-needle aspiration. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Aug;30(8):625-7
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  • Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is a well-recognized minimally invasive tool in the diagnosis of neoplasia of various organ systems.
  • Several reports in the literature suggest that FNAB can be an accurate method for the preoperative diagnosis and treatment planning.
  • We describe a case to caution the interpretation from a FNAB that contains suboptimal contents (basaloid cells only) and highlight a clinical-pathologic-based algorithm that can provide the appropriate management for the patient when the cytopathologic diagnosis does not fit the clinical impression.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Diagnostic Errors. Hair Diseases / diagnosis. Pilomatrixoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Small Cell / pathology. Humans. Infant. Male

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  • (PMID = 18799943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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98. Mills O, Thomas LB: Basaloid follicular hamartoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 Aug;134(8):1215-9
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  • [Title] Basaloid follicular hamartoma.
  • Basaloid follicular hamartoma is a benign lesion of important consideration because it can be mistaken both clinically and histologically for basal cell carcinoma.
  • The formation of basaloid follicular hamartoma has been linked to a mutation in the patched gene, which is part of the same pathway implicated in nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome.
  • While these hamartomas are considered benign lesions, malignant growths have been reported to arise within them, which raises the question, "Is basaloid follicular hamartoma a premalignant lesion?
  • [MeSH-major] Hair Diseases / diagnosis. Hair Follicle / pathology. Hamartoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Mutation. Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis


99. Chaux A, Reuter V, Lezcano C, Velazquez EF, Torres J, Cubilla AL: Comparison of morphologic features and outcome of resected recurrent and nonrecurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the penis: a study of 81 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Sep;33(9):1299-306
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  • [Title] Comparison of morphologic features and outcome of resected recurrent and nonrecurrent squamous cell carcinoma of the penis: a study of 81 cases.
  • Penile squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is considered a loco-regional disease with a fairly predictable pattern of progression.
  • Comparison of recurrent tumors at the time of the primary diagnosis and of recurrence showed that histologic subtype and grade were identical in 76% of the cases and converted to a higher grade tumor in 24% of the cases, especially, in patients treated with local excisions and circumcisions.
  • Comparison of recurrent and nonrecurrent tumors showed that high grade tumors (basaloid and sarcomatoid) tended to be significantly associated with recurrent tumors, whereas low grade variants (papillary, warty and verrucous) were more frequent in the nonrecurrent group; recurrent tumors invaded into deeper anatomic levels than nonrecurrent tumors.
  • Mortality was higher in the recurrent group (56% vs. 29%, P=0.0188); 80% of patients with high-grade tumors (basaloid, sarcomatoid, and high grade usual or hybrid verrucous SCCs) died from penile cancer.
  • Mortality in patients with usual SCC was higher in the recurrent group, but similar in basaloid and sarcomatoid SCCs.
  • In summary, histologic subtypes and grades of SCCs were similar in the majority of original and recurrent carcinomas.
  • Inguinal metastasis and mortality were higher in recurrent than in nonrecurrent carcinomas.
  • Basaloid, sarcomatoid, and mixed usual-verrucous variants and invasion of corpora cavernosa or preputial skin were significant adverse prognostic factors of recurrent carcinomas.
  • Local excision and partial penectomy were not adequate procedures for sarcomatoid and basaloid penile carcinomas.
  • Carcinomas of foreskin had a better prognosis.
  • Conversion from low to high-grade carcinoma was related to significant mortality.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Penile Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19471153.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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100. Altrabulsi B, Carrizo F, Luna MA: Spindle basaloid squamous carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract: immunohistochemical and clinicopathological study of three cases. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Jun;10(3):149-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spindle basaloid squamous carcinoma of the upper aerodigestive tract: immunohistochemical and clinicopathological study of three cases.
  • We describe the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of three spindle (sarcomatoid) basaloid squamous carcinomas in three men aged 73, 69, and 59 years with a history of tobacco and alcohol abuse.
  • Histologically, they were composed of conventional basaloid squamous carcinomas with extensive malignant spindle cell proliferation, comprising more than 50% of the tumor.
  • One case in addition expressed CD99 and Bcl-2 and was originally diagnosed as monophasic synovial sarcoma; however, a subsequent biopsy disclosed basaloid squamous cell carcinoma with sarcomatoid stroma.
  • The patients were alive 14 (case patient 1), 10 (case patient 2), and 8 (case patient 3) months after diagnosis.
  • In the absence of evidence from immunohistochemical or electron microscopy studies, a polypoid malignant spindle cell tumor of a mucosal surface of the upper aerodigestive tract should be considered a sarcomatoid carcinoma until proven otherwise.
  • The type of epithelial component would determine the subtype of sarcomatoid carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology. Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Hypopharynx / pathology. Maxillary Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16730309.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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