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1. Karim A, Schapiro D, Morax S: [Reconstruction of full-thickness lower eyelid defects]. J Fr Ophtalmol; 2005 Jun;28(6):675-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Reconstruction of full-thickness lower eyelid defects].
  • [Transliterated title] Reconstruction de la paupière inférieure de pleine épaisseur.
  • This review covers the techniques of reconstruction of large full-thickness defects of the lower eyelid.
  • The authors describe tree cases of basal cell carcinoma of the lower eyelid, with large excision of the tumor.
  • The advantages and disadvantages of the various techniques of lower-eyelid reconstruction are discussed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 16141935.001).
  • [ISSN] 0181-5512
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal français d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Fr Ophtalmol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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2. Moesen I, Paridaens D: A technique for the reconstruction of lower eyelid marginal defects. Br J Ophthalmol; 2007 Dec;91(12):1695-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A technique for the reconstruction of lower eyelid marginal defects.
  • OBJECTIVES: To report on a new one-step technique for the reconstruction of lower eyelid marginal defects.
  • METHOD: Retrospective case series of 5 patients with lower eyelid basal cell carcinomas abutting the eyelid margin.
  • For eyelid reconstruction, the 2-mm residual lower lid tarsus was advanced superiorly on a conjunctival pedicle and sutured into the posterior lamella defect.
  • The anterior lamella was reconstructed with orbicularis muscle advancement and a free skin graft from the ipsilateral upper eyelid.
  • CONCLUSION: Reconstruction of small to large lower lid marginal defects with local tarsoconjunctival flap advancement combined with orbicularis muscle advancement and free skin graft is associated with a good functional and cosmetic outcome and limited donor-site morbidity.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods

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  • [Cites] Plast Reconstr Surg. 1999 Aug;104(2):518-22; quiz 523; discussion 524-6 [10654700.001]
  • [Cites] J Fr Ophtalmol. 2001 Sep;24(7):724-8 [11591912.001]
  • [Cites] Br J Ophthalmol. 2003 Mar;87(3):279-81 [12598437.001]
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  • (PMID = 18024813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-2079
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2095542
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3. Coroi MC, Roşca E, Muţiu G, Coroi T, Bonta M: Eyelid tumors: histopathological and clinical study performed in County Hospital of Oradea between 2000-2007. Rom J Morphol Embryol; 2010;51(1):111-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Eyelid tumors: histopathological and clinical study performed in County Hospital of Oradea between 2000-2007.
  • The work assessment is to analyze eyelid tumors diagnosed in the last years in our hospital.
  • The most affected age range was the sixth decade and the majority of tumors were located to lower eyelid.
  • The Meibomian gland cysts, squamous papillomas and basal cell carcinomas were the most frequent related with this three of category lesions represented by pseudotumors, benign tumors and malignant tumors.
  • Early diagnosis of these lesions can determine a favorable prognosis, especially in cases of malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Chalazion / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20191129.001).
  • [ISSN] 1220-0522
  • [Journal-full-title] Romanian journal of morphology and embryology = Revue roumaine de morphologie et embryologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rom J Morphol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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4. Shinsuke K, Hirohiko K, Yasuhiro T, Kazuo H, Masayoshi I: Linear Basal cell carcinoma in an asian patient. Open Ophthalmol J; 2007;1:20-2

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Linear Basal cell carcinoma in an asian patient.
  • Linear basal cell carcinoma (BCC), which has a ratio of its long and short axes of more than 3: 1, is a distinct clinical entity among BCC.
  • An 87 year-old woman presented with an ulcerated black nodule, 15x5mm (3: 1), on her nasojungal fold of the right lower eyelid.
  • Diagnosis of a linear BCC is based on its morphological features and occurrence along the wrinkle line, which needs to be also considered in Asian.

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  • [Cites] Plast Reconstr Surg. 1999 Jul;104(1):208-14 [10597698.001]
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  • (PMID = 19478861.001).
  • [ISSN] 1874-3641
  • [Journal-full-title] The open ophthalmology journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Open Ophthalmol J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2605696
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5. Proia AD, Selim MA, Reutter JC, Michon JJ: Basal cell-signet-ring squamous cell carcinoma of the eyelid. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2006 Mar;130(3):393-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Basal cell-signet-ring squamous cell carcinoma of the eyelid.
  • A 93-year-old woman developed a mass on her right lower eyelid that was present for more than 6 months but underwent rapid expansion during several weeks prior to her ophthalmological evaluation.
  • Examination revealed an approximately 1.8 cm in diameter, fleshy, fungating growth involving more than 60% of the right lower eyelid.
  • Excisional biopsy disclosed a neoplasm arising from the epidermis composed of adjoining basal cell and signet-ring squamous cell carcinoma, without a transition zone.
  • The cells comprising the basal and squamous cell carcinomas were distinct immunophenotypically, with only the basal cell carcinoma reacting with Ber-EP4 and CAM 5.2 antibodies.
  • To our knowledge, this case represents the first example of a collision tumor composed of basal cell and signet-ring squamous cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16519572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CAM 5.2 antigen; 0 / human epithelial antigen-125; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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6. Kotimäki J: Photodynamic therapy of eyelid basal cell carcinoma. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2009 Sep;23(9):1083-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Photodynamic therapy of eyelid basal cell carcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: A series of six patient cases was used to evaluate the efficacy of PDT in the treatment of lower eyelid basal cell carcinoma (BCC).
  • RESULTS: Six patients with lower eyelid BCC were treated with two treatment sessions of PDT within a week.
  • CONCLUSION: PDT, although experimental in the eyelid area because of the small amount of data and the lack of a long-term follow-up, may be considered a promising comprehensive alternative when treating BCC in the eyelid area.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminolevulinic Acid / analogs & derivatives. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / drug therapy. Eyelids. Photochemotherapy / methods. Photosensitizing Agents / therapeutic use. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19470065.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-3083
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Photosensitizing Agents; 0 / methyl 5-aminolevulinate; 88755TAZ87 / Aminolevulinic Acid
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7. Levy J, Cagnano E, Benharroch D, Monos T, Lifshitz T: Collision sebaceous and basal cell carcinomas of the eyelid. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Jun;10(3):157-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Collision sebaceous and basal cell carcinomas of the eyelid.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of collision sebaceous and basal cell carcinomas of the eyelid.
  • METHODS: An 80-year-old woman presented with a nodular lesion at the center of the left lower eyelid.
  • Histopathology showed mixed sebaceous as well as basal cell carcinoma with uninvolved surgical margins.
  • CONCLUSION: Sebaceous and basal cell carcinomas can coexist in the eyelid within the same clinical lesion.
  • Because of the potential risk of metastasis of sebaceous carcinoma, close follow-up of the patients is advisable.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16730311.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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8. Leibovitch I, Huilgol SC, Hsuan JD, Selva D: Incidence of host site complications in periocular full thickness skin grafts. Br J Ophthalmol; 2005 Feb;89(2):219-22

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • 92.7% were diagnosed with basal call carcinoma, 2.0% with Bowen's disease, and 3.3% with squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Medial canthus was involved in 66.5% of patients, lower eyelid in 28.0%, and upper eyelid in 5.5%.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Mohs Surgery. Skin Transplantation / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 15665356.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1161
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1772525
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9. Konstantinidis A, Ghosh Y, Snead D, Ahluwalia H: Eyelid basal cell carcinoma with osteosarcomatous changes. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2008 Jul-Aug;24(4):322-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Eyelid basal cell carcinoma with osteosarcomatous changes.
  • An 80-year-old woman presented with a lump in her left lower eyelid.
  • Histopathology of the lesion supported the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma with osteosarcomatous changes.
  • The lesion was fully excised and the eyelid was reconstructed with a Hughes flap.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Osteosarcoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Blepharoplasty. Cell Differentiation. Female. Humans. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures

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  • (PMID = 18645447.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Saedon H, Hubbard A: An unusual presentation of merkel cell carcinoma of the eyelid. Orbit; 2008;27(4):331-3
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  • [Title] An unusual presentation of merkel cell carcinoma of the eyelid.
  • Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare primary neuroendocrine tumor occurring on any part of the body.
  • A 68-year-old female presented with a rapidly growing lesion on the left lower eyelid from 6 weeks.
  • Examination showed a 4 cm diameter, exophytic, ovoid skin lesion of the left lower lid.
  • Histological examination of therapeutic frozen section of the lesion and the presence of neuroendocrine marker and cytokeratin markers established the diagnosis of Merkel Cell carcinoma.
  • Merkel cell carcinoma can have an unusual presentation of a large, exophytic, oval lesion resembling a basal cell carcinoma.
  • Merkel cell carcinoma has predilection for rapid spread; hence, in a case of lid lesions, a suspicion for this diagnosis should be kept in mind.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Merkel Cell / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Eyelid Neoplasms / chemistry. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 18716977.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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11. deSousa JL, Malhotra R, Davis G: Sliding tarsal flap for reconstruction of large, shallow lower eyelid tarsal defects. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 Jan-Feb;23(1):46-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sliding tarsal flap for reconstruction of large, shallow lower eyelid tarsal defects.
  • PURPOSE: To describe a novel technique for reconstructing shallow, full-thickness defects of the lower eyelid.
  • METHODS: Twelve patients with shallow, full-thickness lower eyelid defects after Mohs excision of eyelid malignancies were treated with this technique.
  • These flaps were obliquely overlapped to tighten the eyelid and reconstruct a tarsus approximating normal height.
  • RESULTS: Eyelid defects ranged from 25 to 40 mm horizontally and 20 to 35 mm vertically, with tarsal defects ranging from 18 to 27 mm horizontally and 2 to 3.5 mm vertically.
  • A stable eyelid margin with good aesthetic appearance was achieved in all patients.
  • Two patients had mild eyelid retraction not requiring intervention, and one had lower eyelid entropion 9 months after surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 17237690.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Vayvada H, Menderes A, Tan O, Yilmaz M: Total lower eyelid reconstruction using paranasal flap. J Craniofac Surg; 2006 Sep;17(5):1020-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Total lower eyelid reconstruction using paranasal flap.
  • The main aim of this study is to evaluate the advantages, disadvantages, and aesthetic results of the total lower eyelid reconstruction with paranasal flap.
  • The other reconstruction methods are also revisited.Ten patients, who were operated for the reconstruction of total lower eyelid defects between November, 1999 and April, 2005 in our department were included in this study.
  • The total lower eyelid defects of all patients were reconstructed using paranasal flap for anterior lamella and chondromucosal, chondrocutaneous or mucosal graft for posterior lamella.
  • The paranasal flap is very reliable and safe method for total lower eyelid reconstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Nose / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17003638.001).
  • [ISSN] 1049-2275
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Atik B, Tan O, Bekerecioglu M, Cinal A, Tekes L: Reconstruction of lower eyelid defects using a cross upper eyelid flap composited with ear cartilage. Dermatol Surg; 2007 Jun;33(6):709-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reconstruction of lower eyelid defects using a cross upper eyelid flap composited with ear cartilage.
  • BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas (BCC) most frequently involve the lower eyelid and are treated with total excision.
  • Various techniques have been proposed for reconstruction of the excised eyelid.
  • METHODS: Defects of the lower lid have been closed with a combination of cross-flaps and choncal cartilage prepared from the upper eyelid.
  • RESULTS: Eleven lower lids from 10 patients operated for BCC were reconstructed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The upper eyelid flap was found to be an appropriate cover for both the skin and the conjunctiva due to its hairless and smooth structure.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Ear Cartilage. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 17550448.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Jakobiec FA, Zakka FR, Hatton MP: Eyelid basal cell carcinoma developing in an epidermoid cyst: a previously unreported event. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2010 Nov-Dec;26(6):491-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Eyelid basal cell carcinoma developing in an epidermoid cyst: a previously unreported event.
  • A 72-year-old woman presented with a 3 × 2 × 1-mm right lower eyelid micronodular, whitish solid lesion at the nasal eyelid margin that had caused madarosis.
  • Local excision led to the microscopic discovery of 2 epidermoid cysts, one of which harbored a basal cell carcinoma arising from its orthokeratinizing squamous cell lining.
  • BER-EP4-positive immunostaining confirmed the basal cell nature of the neoplasm.
  • This is the first example in the eyelid of an epidermoid cyst displaying malignant transformation.
  • No matter how innocent they may appear, all small cystic or noncystic eyelid lesions should be submitted for pathologic evaluation.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Epidermal Cyst / pathology. Eyelid Diseases / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20736874.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / human epithelial antigen-125
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15. González F, García A: [Periocular basal cell carcinoma]. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol; 2005 May;80(5):275-82

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Periocular basal cell carcinoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Carcinoma basocelular periocular.
  • PURPOSE: Brief review of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) of the periocular area.
  • They arise more frequently on the lower eyelid at the medial canthus, followed by the upper eyelid at the lateral canthus.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell. Eyelid Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 15918094.001).
  • [ISSN] 0365-6691
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 49
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16. deSousa JL, Leibovitch I, Malhotra R, O'Donnell B, Sullivan T, Selva D: Techniques and outcomes of total upper and lower eyelid reconstruction. Arch Ophthalmol; 2007 Dec;125(12):1601-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Eyelid Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Techniques and outcomes of total upper and lower eyelid reconstruction.
  • OBJECTIVES: To describe techniques used for reconstruction of the eyelids following total loss of the upper and lower eyelids and to describe visual and functional outcomes.
  • METHODS: Multicenter, retrospective, interventional case series of all of the patients requiring unilateral reconstruction of both the upper and lower eyelids.
  • RESULTS: Six cases were identified, 1 following trauma and 5 following tumor excision (4 with basal cell carcinoma and 1 with melanoma).
  • Lagophthalmos (6 cases [100%]), ptosis (3 cases [50%]), lower eyelid retraction (3 cases [50%]), and ectropion (2 cases [33%]) were common.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Total eyelid defects are rare and often unanticipated.
  • Reconstructed eyelids have poor function in the setting of total upper and lower eyelid loss, and revision surgery is often required to improve eyelid structure and function.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Eyelid Diseases / surgery. Eyelids / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18071107.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-9950
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of ophthalmology (Chicago, Ill. : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Cöloğlu H, Koçer U, Kankaya Y, Sungur N, Oruç M: Lower eyelid orbicularis oculi musculocutaneous flap for reconstruction of nasal tip and supratip defects. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2006 Jan;117(1):239-46
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lower eyelid orbicularis oculi musculocutaneous flap for reconstruction of nasal tip and supratip defects.
  • METHODS: The authors used orbicularis oculi musculocutaneous flaps raised from the lower eyelid, containing branches of the angular artery and the infraorbital artery in its pedicle, to reconstruct nasal tip and supratip defects.
  • Between February of 2002 and March of 2004, reconstruction with orbicularis oculi musculocutaneous island flaps raised from the lower eyelid was performed on 15 patients (eight men and seven women) with nasal tip and supratip defects.
  • Thirteen defects were secondary to basal cell carcinoma and two were secondary to congenital melanocytic nevus.
  • Neither ectropion nor other eyelid deformities were seen.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Rhinoplasty / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 16404274.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Huerva V, Sanchez MC, Egido RM, Matías-Guiu X: Pleomorphic adenoma with extensive myoepithelial component (myoepithelioma) of the lower eyelid. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2008 May-Jun;24(3):223-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pleomorphic adenoma with extensive myoepithelial component (myoepithelioma) of the lower eyelid.
  • A 58-year-old woman presented with a nodular lesion on the medial part of her left lower eyelid.
  • On presentation to us, the lesion showed a clinical appearance that was very similar to a nodular basal cell carcinoma.
  • A diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma with extensive myoepithelial component (myoepithelioma) was made.
  • The authors conclude that myoepithelioma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of nodular recurrent masses in the eyelids of adults.
  • Definitive diagnosis is possible only after surgical biopsy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Myoepithelioma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Reoperation

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  • (PMID = 18520841.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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19. Rubin P, Mykula R, Griffiths RW: Ectropion following excision of lower eyelid tumours and full thickness skin graft repair. Br J Plast Surg; 2005 Apr;58(3):353-60

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ectropion following excision of lower eyelid tumours and full thickness skin graft repair.
  • A retrospective review was performed to define the incidence of post operative lower eyelid ectropion after excision and full thickness grafting of lower eyelid tumours.
  • The majority of lesions were basal cell carcinomas 89/106 (84%).
  • The incidence of lower eyelid ectropion after lower eyelid skin grafting is defined and this does not seem to have been reported before for a consecutive series of patients.
  • We offer a classification for eyelid zones with regard to ectropion and anatomical and pathological factors that may be important for ectropion formation are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / adverse effects. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Ectropion / etiology. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / adverse effects

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  • [CommentIn] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59(2):202-3 [16703868.001]
  • (PMID = 15780230.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1226
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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20. Zinkernagel MS, Catalano E, Ammann-Rauch D: Free tarsal graft combined with skin transposition flap for full-thickness lower eyelid reconstruction. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 May-Jun;23(3):228-31
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Free tarsal graft combined with skin transposition flap for full-thickness lower eyelid reconstruction.
  • We present the surgical outcome in a series of 4 patients with large full-thickness eyelid defects after basal cell carcinoma excision.
  • The patients underwent reconstructive eyelid surgery using autogenous free tarsal grafts combined with a skin transposition flap from the upper eyelid.
  • In all 4 cases, posterior lamellae were reconstructed using a free tarsal graft, and the outer lamella was developed with a transposition skin flap from the upper eyelid.
  • Reconstruction of full thickness eyelid defects after extensive tumor excision requires reforming of the anterior and posterior lamella.
  • Whereas the Hughes or Cutler Beard techniques for eyelid reconstruction require a 2-step approach with occlusion of the eye for at least 1 week, reconstruction with a free tarsal graft is a 1-stage procedure and does not entail eye occlusion.
  • Autogenous tarsus as a free graft proves to be a simple procedure for posterior lamella substitution in lower eyelid surgery, especially in combination with a skin transposition flap from the upper eyelid.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 17519664.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Lee S, Cnaan RB, Paramanathan N, Davies M, Benger R, Ghabrial R: Subconjunctival "ring" recurrence of Basal cell carcinoma of the globe. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2010 Mar-Apr;26(2):117-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Subconjunctival "ring" recurrence of Basal cell carcinoma of the globe.
  • Basal cell carcinoma is the most common indication for orbital exenteration.
  • The authors describe the recurrence of a lower eyelid BCC resected with microscopic control that did not manifest itself until 15 years later as a subconjunctival lesion, encircling the globe, and without apparent skin involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Conjunctival Neoplasms / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20305512.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Verna G, Boriani F, Taveggia A, Fraccalvieri M: The Tripier reverse flap for reconstruction of the upper eyelid. Ann Ital Chir; 2009 Jul-Aug;80(4):311-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The Tripier reverse flap for reconstruction of the upper eyelid.
  • INTRODUCTION: The Tripier flap is a bipedicled bridge-shaped flap, originally designed on the upper eyelid.
  • The classically described use was for reconstruction of split-thickness defects of the lower eyelid.
  • In the literature no mention exists of bipedicled flaps from the lower eyelid for reconstructing the upper.
  • CASE REPORT AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Authors report a case of a partial thickness defect in the upper eyelid, reconstructed through a bipedicled bridge-shaped flap from the lower eyelid.
  • CONCLUSION: The reverse Tripier flap is therefore a valid technique for the repair of the upper eyelid when other options are not feasible.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 19967891.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-469X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annali italiani di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Ital Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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23. Rubino C, Farace F: A large lower eyelid reconstruction: nasojugal flaps plus V-Y advancement flap. Acta Chir Plast; 2006;48(1):3-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A large lower eyelid reconstruction: nasojugal flaps plus V-Y advancement flap.
  • Lower eyelid reconstruction still represents one of the finest expressions in oculoplastic surgery.
  • A 76-year-old male presented with a basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the lateral canthus, involving the inferior eyelid.
  • The above techniques, joined together, allow better nasojugal transposition and should be considered when lateral half of the lower eyelid and lateral canthus reconstruction are performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Nasal Mucosa / transplantation. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 16722343.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5423
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgiae plasticae
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir Plast
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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24. Garces JR, Guedes A, Alegre M, Alomar A: Double mucosal and myocutaneous island flap: a one-stage reconstruction for full-thickness lower eyelid defect. Dermatol Surg; 2009 May;35(5):779-85

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Double mucosal and myocutaneous island flap: a one-stage reconstruction for full-thickness lower eyelid defect.
  • BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) on the lower eyelid are not uncommon, and depending on their histological type, they can be highly aggressive and difficult to eradicate.
  • Numerous techniques have been proposed for the reconstruction of the lower lid margin after surgical excision of the lesion.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe a double-flap technique consisting of a mucosal and myocutaneous V-Y advancement flap to repair full-thickness lower lid margin defects in a one-stage procedure under local anesthesia.
  • METHODS: Over a 12-year period (1995-2007), 33 patients with BCC underwent lower eyelid reconstruction.
  • A similar triangular-shaped myocutaneous flap was obtained from the inferior orbicularis oculus muscle and sutured in a V-Y fashion to build the outer layer.
  • Slight scleral show and discrete rounded lower eyelid were the main adverse effects.
  • CONCLUSION: This double V-Y advancement flap is a simple, useful alternative procedure to close full-thickness defects in the lower lid margin.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Mucous Membrane / transplantation. Muscle, Skeletal / transplantation. Skin Transplantation / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Conjunctiva. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Patient Satisfaction. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19389102.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Marchac D, de Lange A, Bine-bine H: A horizontal V-Y advancement lower eyelid flap. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2009 Oct;124(4):1133-41
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A horizontal V-Y advancement lower eyelid flap.
  • BACKGROUND: The authors were surprised to realize that the horizontal V-Y advancement flap of the lower eyelid is not even mentioned in the textbooks about eyelid repair, and they wanted to report their very positive experience with this subcutaneous pedicled flap.
  • The diagnosis was basal cell carcinoma in 20 cases and melanoma in one case.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The lower eyelid is covered with remarkably thin skin, and for the repair of defects, especially after removal of basal cell carcinomas, it is preferable to avoid using tissues coming from another facial area (e.g., forehead, nose, or cheek), which has a different thickness and texture, or a full-thickness skin graft, which can leave a patch-like appearance.
  • The ideal is to use the adjacent eyelid skin.
  • For many years, the authors have used a horizontal large V-Y advancement flap on a muscular pedicle for the repair of lower eyelid defects, mostly after basocellular carcinoma excision, with very satisfactory results and often nearly invisible repairs.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • [CommentIn] Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Jun;125(6):1839; author reply 1839 [20517114.001]
  • [CommentIn] Plast Reconstr Surg. 2012 Jul;130(1):178e-180e; author reply 180e [22743904.001]
  • (PMID = 19935297.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Chew R: Destruction of the orbit and globe by recurrence of basal cell carcinoma. Optometry; 2007 Jul;78(7):344-51

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Destruction of the orbit and globe by recurrence of basal cell carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common skin malignancy and represents 90% of eyelid malignancies.
  • Of those that occur on the eyelids, most involve the lower lid.
  • CASE REPORT: The patient described in this case report had basal cell carcinoma of the upper right lid 4 to 5 years prior to examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Orbit / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17601572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-1839
  • [Journal-full-title] Optometry (St. Louis, Mo.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Optometry
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Kakudo N, Ogawa Y, Suzuki K, Kushida S, Kusumoto K: Clinical outcome of surgical treatment for periorbital basal cell carcinoma. Ann Plast Surg; 2009 Nov;63(5):531-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical outcome of surgical treatment for periorbital basal cell carcinoma.
  • Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) has a predilection for the periorbital region, which is a special, prominent, cosmetic, functional area to protect the eyeball.
  • For squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma, extensive resection with reconstruction is performed.
  • BCC was most frequently occurred in the lower lid (55%), followed by inner canthus (19%), upper lid (17%), and outer canthus (9%).
  • BCC occurred most frequently in the lower lid within the periorbital area.
  • Rotation advancement of cheek flap with horizontal shift of the skin is most effective procedure in both appearance and function of the eyelid.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 19801921.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3708
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Stafanous SN: The switch flap in eyelid reconstruction. Orbit; 2007 Dec;26(4):255-62
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The switch flap in eyelid reconstruction.
  • PURPOSE: Full-thickness eyelid defects are conventionally reconstructed by either a Hughes flap or a Cutler-Beard bridge flap.
  • The author has used this method for repair of large full-thickness eyelid defects and describes her experience with the use of this technique.
  • METHOD: Eight cases of large full-thickness eyelid defects resulting from excision of tumours such as basal cell carcinoma (bcc), squamous cell carcinoma (scc) and sebaceous gland carcinoma (sgc) were taken for repair using the switch flap technique.
  • The technique involves switching a full-thickness flap on a pedicle to fill a defect from lower lid to upper or vice versa.
  • RESULTS: Out of the eight cases of eyelid defects, one was from squamous cell carcinoma, three were from sebaceous gland carcinoma, and four were from infiltrative basal cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: The author has found the switch flap technique very useful for reconstruction of large full-thickness eyelid defects resulting from tumour excision as this method results in complete repair of defects with a full-thickness flap, tarsus, lid margin and eyelashes and without causing notable deformity at the donor site.
  • The switch flap can successfully replace the Hughes flap technique and Cutler-Beard technique for repair of large eyelid defects.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 18097963.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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29. Shams PN, Hardy TG, El-Bahrawy M, Joshi N: Syringocystadenoma papilliferum of the eyelid in a young girl. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2006 Jan-Feb;22(1):67-9
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Syringocystadenoma papilliferum.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Syringocystadenoma papilliferum of the eyelid in a young girl.
  • An 8-year-old girl presented with a papillomatous lower eyelid lesion, which had been present since infancy.
  • In view of its association with basal cell carcinoma, further management options are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Syringoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16418676.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Khandwala MA, Lalchan SA, Chang BY, Habib M, Chakrabarty A, Cassells-Brown A: Outcome of periocular basal cell carcinoma managed by overnight paraffin section. Orbit; 2005 Dec;24(4):243-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Outcome of periocular basal cell carcinoma managed by overnight paraffin section.
  • RESULTS: This study yielded 93 basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) of which 86 were of primary origin and 7 were recurrent tumours.
  • The tumour characteristics were as follows: 88% nodular BCCs, 82% had a maximum surface measurement less than or equal to 10 mm, 39.8% were inner canthal and 49.5% were localised to the lower lid.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Paraffin Embedding / methods

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  • (PMID = 16354633.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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31. Cohen AJ: Lateral bilobed flap for anterior lamellar eyelid reconstruction. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2010 Mar-Apr;26(2):77-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lateral bilobed flap for anterior lamellar eyelid reconstruction.
  • PURPOSE: To describe anterior lamellar lower eyelid reconstruction with a laterally based bilobed flap.
  • METHODS: A retrospective study of 11 patients who underwent lower eyelid anterior lamellar reconstruction with or without posterior lamellar grafting following tumor excision within a 2-year timeframe were reviewed.
  • Nine patients had basal cell carcinoma, and 2 patients had squamous cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: A laterally based bilobed flap should be thought of as an effective choice for lower eyelid anterior lamellar reconstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 20305503.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Wójcicki P, Zachara M: Surgical treatment of eyelid tumors. J Craniofac Surg; 2010 Mar;21(2):520-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgical treatment of eyelid tumors.
  • Eyelid tumors constitute about 40% of all cancers located in the orbital region.
  • Most commonly, they are basal cell carcinomas, in 90% of cases located in the lower eyelid and medial canthus.
  • The purpose of our study was to present the management and to overview the results of surgical treatment of eyelid tumors.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ninety-three patients, 89 men and 104 women, aged 16 to 87 years (mean, 63.5 years) with eyelid tumors were treated in Plastic Surgery Hospital in Polanica-Zdrój in the years 1985 to 2008.
  • All the patients underwent surgery involving resection of the tumor and simultaneous eyelid reconstruction.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Tumors, usually basal cell carcinoma, originate mainly in the lower eyelid and medial canthus.
  • The highest risk of recurrence is in case of squamous cell and basospinocellular tumors, and especially in melanoma.
  • The aim of reconstructive therapy is to reconstruct aesthetically and functionally effective eyelid.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Cartilage / transplantation. Electrosurgery. Esthetics. Eye Enucleation. Fascia / transplantation. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lacrimal Duct Obstruction / etiology. Male. Melanoma / surgery. Middle Aged. Muscle, Skeletal / transplantation. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Postoperative Complications. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Retrospective Studies. Skin Transplantation. Surgical Flaps. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20216443.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Zhang H, Yan J, Li Y, Zhang P: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the eyelid: a case report and review of the literature. Yan Ke Xue Bao; 2005 Sep;21(3):152-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the eyelid: a case report and review of the literature.
  • PURPOSE: To report the clinical features, therapeutic method, and histopathological findings of a case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma in the lower eyelid and review the literature about the mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising from the eye.
  • RESULTS: An 88-year-old man developed a painless, indurated nodule in the left lower eyelid for two years and ulceration of the skin existed for a year.
  • He underwent tumor resection and reconstruction of the eyelid.
  • By histopathology, tumor cells showed an admixture of epidermoid and mucus-secreting cells, which was consistent with mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
  • Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a common malignant tumor of the salivary glands, but rare in the eye tissues among which conjunctiva and lacrimal gland are most commonly involved.
  • It has a higher degree of malignancy than basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising from the eye is rare and has a high degree of malignancy.
  • It should be differentiated from other neoplasms such as basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 17162853.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-4432
  • [Journal-full-title] Yan ke xue bao = Eye science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Yan Ke Xue Bao
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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34. Gao T, Wang KJ, Jiang JK: [Reconstruction of eyelid defect using periosteal stripe from lateral orbital rim as substitute of tarsus]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Feb;45(2):127-30

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Reconstruction of eyelid defect using periosteal stripe from lateral orbital rim as substitute of tarsus].
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of eyelid defect reconstruction using periosteal stripe of the lateral orbital rim.
  • METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of eyelid defects reconstruction in 13 patients with lateral canthus eyelid defect following the excision of the eyelid tumors including: seven patients with basal cell carcinoma, four patients with sebaceous cell carcinoma and two patients with squamous cell carcinoma.
  • All eyelid defects were reconstructed with zygoma periosteal stripe as the posterior layer of the eyelid.
  • The anterior layer of the eyelid was reconstructed by myocutaneous flap.
  • RESULTS: After follow-up at 8 to 56 months, all reconstructed eyelids showed a normal appearance with good function and without deformities, e.g. eyelid notch, entropion and ectropion.
  • There was no relapse of the eyelid tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This method is good for repairing lateral eyelid defect involving 1/3 to 2/3 eyelids and without the tumor invasion of lateral orbit rim.
  • This procedure obtains satisfactory results, especially for simultaneous reconstruction of upper and lower eyelids defects.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Periosteum / transplantation. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 19573331.001).
  • [ISSN] 0412-4081
  • [Journal-full-title] [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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35. Livaoğlu M, Bektaş D: Does chronic exposure to lacrimal fluid predispose for periorbital basal cell carcinoma? Med Hypotheses; 2008 Oct;71(4):577-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Does chronic exposure to lacrimal fluid predispose for periorbital basal cell carcinoma?
  • Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is not only the most common cutaneous malignancy but also the most common form of cancer seen in all body.
  • Approximately 5-10% of BCCs occur in periocular region, especially, in lower eyelid and inner canthus.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / etiology. Orbital Neoplasms / etiology. Tears

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  • (PMID = 18599221.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-9877
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical hypotheses
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Hypotheses
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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36. Keyhani K, Ashenhurst M, Oryschak A: Periocular basal cell carcinoma arising in a site of previous trauma. Can J Ophthalmol; 2007 Jun;42(3):467-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Periocular basal cell carcinoma arising in a site of previous trauma.
  • CASE REPORT: We report an incidence of basal cell carcinoma of the lower lid arising in an area of trauma 68 years after the initial injury.

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  • (PMID = 17508047.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-4182
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian journal of ophthalmology. Journal canadien d'ophtalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. J. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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37. Pushpoth S, Tambe K, Sandramouli S: The use of AlloDerm in the reconstruction of full-thickness eyelid defects. Orbit; 2008;27(5):337-40

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The use of AlloDerm in the reconstruction of full-thickness eyelid defects.
  • METHOD: In our case series, we evaluated the surgical outcome of three consecutive patients, two with an upper eyelid defect and one with a lower eyelid defect who underwent lid reconstruction using AlloDerm grafts.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eye Injuries / pathology. Eye Injuries / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18836929.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alloderm; 0 / Biocompatible Materials; 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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38. Mavrikakis I, Malhotra R, Barlow R, Huilgol SC, Selva D: Linear basal cell carcinoma: a distinct clinical entity in the periocular region. Ophthalmology; 2006 Feb;113(2):338-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Linear basal cell carcinoma: a distinct clinical entity in the periocular region.
  • PURPOSE: To report periocular linear basal cell carcinoma (BCC) as a distinct clinical entity, and to highlight its existence in the ophthalmic literature.
  • RESULTS: In all 4 cases, the site of occurrence was in the lower eyelid and cheek.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16406534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1549-4713
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Abalo-Lojo JM, López-Valladares MJ, Llovo J, Garcia A, Gonzalez F: Palpebro-orbital myiasis in a patient with basal cell carcinoma. Eur J Ophthalmol; 2009 Jul-Aug;19(4):683-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Palpebro-orbital myiasis in a patient with basal cell carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: We report a patient with basal cell carcinoma presenting with severe myiasis in a large ulcer involving the upper and lower eyelid.
  • A biopsy of the tissue underneath demonstrated a basal cell carcinoma.
  • Because of the stage of the carcinoma, an orbital exenteration was carried out.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Diptera. Eye Infections, Parasitic. Eyelid Diseases / parasitology. Myiasis / parasitology. Orbital Diseases / parasitology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19551688.001).
  • [ISSN] 1120-6721
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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40. Ohshiro T, Tsuchida Y, Harashina T, Wakamatsu K, Yamaguchi S: Reconstruction of the levator function and conjunctiva using an inferiorly based orbital septal flap for subtotal full-thickness defects of the upper eyelid: two cases of ocular sebaceous carcinoma. Ann Plast Surg; 2006 Mar;56(3):336-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reconstruction of the levator function and conjunctiva using an inferiorly based orbital septal flap for subtotal full-thickness defects of the upper eyelid: two cases of ocular sebaceous carcinoma.
  • Without using the lower eyelid, functional reconstruction of the tarsoconjunctival layer is challenging for subtotal full-thickness defects of the upper eyelid.
  • In 2 cases of ocular sebaceous carcinoma, the levator function and conjunctiva were reconstructed using the inferiorly based orbital septal flap and conchal cartilage graft.
  • The new upper eyelid with a stable lid margin could open and close properly.
  • Our surgical procedures may be available in the case that the lower eyelid is not usable.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Sebaceous Glands / pathology. Skin Transplantation / methods

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  • (PMID = 16508369.001).
  • [ISSN] 0148-7043
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Demir Z, Yüce S, Karamürsel S, Celebioglu S: Orbicularis oculi myocutaneous advancement flap for upper eyelid reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2008 Feb;121(2):443-50

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Orbicularis oculi myocutaneous advancement flap for upper eyelid reconstruction.
  • The authors present and discuss a new, simple surgical technique for upper eyelid reconstruction.
  • METHODS: The eyelid tumor is excised surgically until clear margins are obtained.
  • The V-shaped orbicularis oculi myocutaneous advancement flap is marked on the remaining superior eyelid tissue and mobilized, leaving the base of the pedicle intact with submuscular tissue attachment.
  • RESULTS: Eight patients, aged 17 to 72 years, have been operated on with this technique for upper eyelid reconstruction.
  • Follow-up included assessment of position, closure, length of palpebral rim, eyelid opening, aesthetic balance, presence of corneal erosion, ulcer or entropion, levator function, and donor-site morbidity.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This method is a simpler, single-stage operation; does not damage the lower lid; provides a thin, mobile eyelid; and, above all, is less invasive than other techniques, and at the same time allows a good functional and aesthetic reconstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Muscle, Skeletal / transplantation. Skin Transplantation / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Time Factors

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  • [CommentIn] Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009 Mar;123(3):107e [19330949.001]
  • [CommentIn] Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009 Jan;123(1):423-4 [19116585.001]
  • (PMID = 18300960.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Mombaerts I, Gillis A: The tunneled forehead flap in medial canthal and eyelid reconstruction. Dermatol Surg; 2010 Jul;36(7):1118-25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The tunneled forehead flap in medial canthal and eyelid reconstruction.
  • BACKGROUND: The midline forehead flap is used in the reconstruction of large, deep defects of the medial canthal area and lower eyelid.
  • METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and photographs of patients who received the tunneled midline forehead flap procedure in the repair of medial canthal defects and in the anterior lamellar repair of eyelid defects.
  • The forehead flap was elevated in the subdermal plane, and the pedicle was de-epithelialized and transferred through a subgaleal tunnel from the pivot point of the flap into the primary defect.
  • CONCLUSION: The tunneled midline forehead flap can be an advantageous single-stage technique in medial canthal and medial eyelid repair.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Cohort Studies. Female. Forehead. Humans. Male. Meibomian Glands. Melanoma / pathology. Melanoma / surgery. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20653726.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Rosa J, Casal D, Moniz P: Upper eyelid reconstruction with a horizontal V-Y myotarsocutaneous advancement flap. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2010 Dec;63(12):2013-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Upper eyelid reconstruction with a horizontal V-Y myotarsocutaneous advancement flap.
  • Upper eyelid tumours, particularly basal cell carcinomas, are relatively frequent.
  • Although several options are available for lower eyelid reconstruction, fewer surgical alternatives exist for upper eyelid reconstruction.
  • In 1997, Okada et al. described a horizontal V-Y myotarsocutaneous advancement flap for reconstruction of a large upper eyelid defect in a single operative time.
  • However, no further studies were published regarding the use of this particular flap in upper eyelid reconstruction.
  • The authors report here their experience of 16 cases of horizontal V-Y myotarsocutaneous advancement flaps used to reconstruct full-thickness defects of the upper eyelid after tumour excision.
  • The tumour histological types were as follows: 12 basal cell carcinomas, 2 cases of squamous cell carcinomas, 1 case of sebaceous cell carcinoma and 1 of malignant melanoma.
  • This technique allowed closure of defects of up to 60% of the eyelid width.
  • In this series, the horizontal V-Y myotarsocutaneous advancement flap proved to be a technically simple, reliable and expeditious option for reconstruction of full-thickness upper eyelid defects (as wide as 60% of the eyelid width) in a single operative procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Neoplasms, Basal Cell / surgery. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Suture Techniques

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20171153.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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44. Ueda K, Oba S, Okada M, Hara M, Zen N: Eyelid reconstruction with a composite radial forearm palmaris longus tendon flap. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2007;60(3):256-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Eyelid reconstruction with a composite radial forearm palmaris longus tendon flap.
  • We performed reconstruction with a composite radial forearm palmaris longus tendon flap in patients with wide defects of upper or lower eyelids.
  • In one upper eyelid reconstruction, a palmaris longus tendon was fixed to the frontal muscle to make it possible to open the eye.
  • In the lower eyelid reconstruction, the tendon was fixed to both the medial palpebral ligament and the lateral orbital rim to support the flap.
  • In wide upper and lower eyelid reconstruction with a forearm flap, it is convenient to utilise the palmaris longus tendon to support the flap.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Lymphoma / pathology. Lymphoma / surgery. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 17293282.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-6815
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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45. Ammann-Rauch D, Bumann J, Catalano E: Unspecific redness of the eyelid--two malignant tumours. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd; 2006 May;223(5):412-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unspecific redness of the eyelid--two malignant tumours.
  • HISTORY AND SIGNS: A 61-year-old lady was referred with a chronic, reddish lesion in the medial third of the left lower lid after a topical therapy over a period of 4 months had not improved the situation.
  • THERAPY AND OUTCOME: After an unclear result of the biopsy (2)/ (3) of the left lower lid were removed because of atypical cells ascending into the epidermis.
  • A superficial spreading melanoma 0.4 mm depth in the Breslow classification was detected and right next to it a superficial basal cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / complications. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Pigmentation Disorders / diagnosis. Pigmentation Disorders / prevention & control. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16705518.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Monbl Augenheilkd
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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46. Scuderi N, Ribuffo D, Chiummariello S: Total and subtotal upper eyelid reconstruction with the nasal chondromucosal flap: a 10-year experience. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2005 Apr 15;115(5):1259-65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Total and subtotal upper eyelid reconstruction with the nasal chondromucosal flap: a 10-year experience.
  • BACKGROUND: The authors review their 10-year experience with the nasal chondromucosal flap for total and subtotal upper eyelid reconstruction.
  • RESULTS: Fifteen patients, aged 50 to 75 years, have been operated on with this technique for total or subtotal defects of the upper eyelid since 1993.
  • Follow-up included assessment of position, closure, presence of epiphora, length of palpebral rim, eyelid opening, levator function, aesthetic balance, and donor-site morbidity.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Compared with other frequently used techniques, namely, the Cutler-Beard advancement flap and the Mustarde lid switch flap, this procedure is a one-stage operation, does not damage the lower lid, and provides a thin, mobile eyelid with an anatomically complete reconstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 15809583.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Miyamoto J, Nakajima T, Nagasao T, Konno E, Okabe K, Tanaka T, Fujii S, Kobayashi H: Full-thickness reconstruction of the eyelid with rotation flap based on orbicularis oculi muscle and palatal mucosal graft: long-term results in 12 cases. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2009 Nov;62(11):1389-94
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Full-thickness reconstruction of the eyelid with rotation flap based on orbicularis oculi muscle and palatal mucosal graft: long-term results in 12 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: Numerous techniques have been proposed for full-thickness eyelid reconstruction.
  • Previously, we reported full-thickness eyelid reconstruction with a rotation flap based on the orbicularis oculi muscle and palatal mucosal graft.
  • In cases of tumour excision, five cases had full defects of the lower eyelid and two cases had defect of the lower eyelid lateral to the punctum.
  • In the cases of lagophthalmos, four cases had upper eyelid contracture and one had lower eyelid contracture.
  • CONCLUSIONS: With our method, cosmetically good results can be obtained in either upper or lower eyelids.
  • Minimal shrinkage of palatal mucosal grafts prevents the reconstructed eyelid from sagging.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps / blood supply
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Esthetics. Eye Injuries / diagnosis. Eye Injuries / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Graft Rejection. Graft Survival. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mouth Mucosa / surgery. Mouth Mucosa / transplantation. Oculomotor Muscles / surgery. Oculomotor Muscles / transplantation. Palatal Muscles / surgery. Palatal Muscles / transplantation. Risk Assessment. Sampling Studies. Wound Healing / physiology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 18784003.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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48. Loze S, Rousseau P, Cariou G, Darsonval V: [Abbé-Mustardé's flap with lower lid transposition: three clinical cases]. Ann Chir Plast Esthet; 2007 Feb;52(1):62-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Abbé-Mustardé's flap with lower lid transposition: three clinical cases].
  • [Transliterated title] Intérêt du lambeau de transposition palpébrale d'Abbé-Mustardé : à propos de trois cas cliniques.
  • The ideal solution first recommended is the use of Abbé-Mustardé's flap with lower lid transposition to rebuild the total loss of the upper eyelid.
  • [MeSH-major] Eye Injuries / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16806630.001).
  • [ISSN] 0294-1260
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de chirurgie plastique et esthétique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Chir Plast Esthet
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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49. Wessels WL, Graewe FR, van Deventer PV: Reconstruction of the lower eye lid with a rotation-advancement tarsoconjunctival cheek flap. J Craniofac Surg; 2010 Nov;21(6):1786-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reconstruction of the lower eye lid with a rotation-advancement tarsoconjunctival cheek flap.
  • Repair of full-thickness defects of the lower eyelids poses a challenge because a graft in combination with a flap is typically used to replace either the posterior or the anterior lamella.
  • A rotation-advancement tarsoconjunctival cheek flap, which reconstructs both posterior and anterior lamellae with vascularized tissue similar to the native eyelid, is described.
  • The main indication for use of this flap is full-thickness defect of the lower eyelid between 25% and 75%, typically after tumor ablation.
  • The rotation-advancement tarsoconjunctival cheek flap adheres to basic plastic surgery principles resulting in a satisfactory outcome: vascularized tissue is used to reconstruct the defect, the flap composition is similar to the native eyelid, that is, replace like with like, and the flap makes use of tissue that is in excess and therefore limits donor morbidity.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Cheek / surgery. Esthetics. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Graft Survival. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Patient Satisfaction. Reoperation. Retrospective Studies. Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21119421.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Leibovitch I, Huilgol SC, Richards S, Paver R, Selva D: Periocular microcystic adnexal carcinoma: management and outcome with Mohs' micrographic surgery. Ophthalmologica; 2006;220(2):109-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Periocular microcystic adnexal carcinoma: management and outcome with Mohs' micrographic surgery.
  • PURPOSE: To report a series of patients with periocular microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) treated with Mohs' micrographic surgery (MMS).
  • Four tumors were located in the medial canthus and one in the lower lid.
  • The tumor was initially misdiagnosed as basal cell carcinoma in 3 patients and squamous cell carcinoma in 1 patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Mohs Surgery / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16491033.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-3755
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmologica. Journal international d'ophtalmologie. International journal of ophthalmology. Zeitschrift für Augenheilkunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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51. Ross AH, Kennedy CT, Collins C, Harrad RA: The use of imiquimod in the treatment of periocular tumours. Orbit; 2010 Apr;29(2):83-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We present a retrospective case series of 5 patients who received topical Imiquimod for various eyelid tumours.
  • Two patients were diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma of the eyelid, one patient with actinic keratosis, one with intraepidermal squamous cell carcinoma (Bowen's disease) and one patient had concomitant squamous cell carcinoma and intraepidermal squamous cell carcinoma.
  • RESULTS: All 5 patients, with various eyelid neoplastic/pre-neoplastic pathology, responded well with clinical resolution, to treatment with topical Imiquimod.
  • In our experience, it is a safe and effective treatment for periocular lesions, including actinic keratosis, intraepidermal squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first published description of the successful use of 5% Imiquimod in treating moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the eyelid.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoquinolines / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Eyelid Neoplasms / drug therapy. Keratosis, Actinic / drug therapy. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Topical. Aged. Bowen's Disease / drug therapy. Bowen's Disease / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Ophthalmic Solutions. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20394545.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoquinolines; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Ophthalmic Solutions; 99011-02-6 / imiquimod
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52. Hałoń A, Błazejewska M, Sabri H, Rabczyński J: [Tumors and tumor-like lesions of eyelids collected at Department of Pathological Anatomy, Wroclaw Medical University, between 1946 and 1999]. Klin Oczna; 2005;107(7-9):475-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the histopathological, epidemiological and clinical characteristics of benign, malignant and tumor-like lesions of the eyelid collected in Department of Pathological Anatomy, Wrocław Medical University.
  • Retrospective analysis of all eyelid biopsy specimens submitted to the department between January 1, 1946, and December 31, 1999 were performed.
  • The incidence cohort of all eyelid lesions included 2031 cases what made up 42.15% of all diagnosed lesions within the eye and it's adnexa.
  • Of the 433 malignancies, 314 were basal cell carcinomas (72.5%).
  • Malignant tumors developed most commonly on the lower eyelid (n=303; 70%) but involved the right and left sides with equal frequency.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Benign eyelid tumors compose the majority of all eyelid lesions.
  • Basal cell carcinoma is the most common malignant eyelid tumor.
  • The lower eyelid is the most frequent site of origin in cases of malignant tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / epidemiology. Eyelid Neoplasms / epidemiology. Papilloma / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16417001.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-2157
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinika oczna
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Oczna
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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53. Dagregorio G, Huguier V, Darsonval V: Reconstruction of seventeen full-thickness defects of the eyelids with twenty-two Hübner tarsomarginal grafts. Br J Plast Surg; 2005 Apr;58(3):361-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Subsequently, 17 eyelid reconstructions were performed on 13 patients, requiring the harvesting of 22 tarsomarginal grafts.
  • Loss of the eyelids was observed in three cases out of six upper eyelid reconstructions and in nine cases out of 11 lower eyelid reconstructions.
  • Very few simple techniques achieve that level of quality in the eyelid reconstruction process.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Esthetics. Female. Humans. Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Patient Satisfaction. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15780231.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1226
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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54. Ivan O, Aldes B, Amati A, Catoi C, Georgescu A: [Chondrocutaneous graft in the reconstruction of the inferior palpebra]. Oftalmologia; 2010;54(1):118-28

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Chondrocutaneous graft in the reconstruction of the inferior palpebra].
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to evaluate the value of a composite chondrocutaneous auricular graft in the functional reconstruction of the eyelids, and to assess and compare the morphostructural changes between an autologus auricular flap consisting of both cartilage and skin and an autologous cartilage graft, used for eyelid reconstruction in rabbits.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The clinical study follows a series of 12 clinical cases, in which the composite cutaneo-cartilaginous graft was used for the reconstruction of the posterior lamellae of the lower eyelid.
  • The posterior lamellae of lower eyelids from 12 rabbits were reconstructed by using in the left eyelid, the composite cutaneo-cartilaginous graft, whereas the right eyelids were reconstructed using only cartilage grafts.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The study demonstrates clinically and experimentally the importance of the cutaneocartilaginous graft in reconstruction of the posterior eyelid lamellae.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Ear Cartilage / transplantation. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 20540380.001).
  • [ISSN] 1220-0875
  • [Journal-full-title] Oftalmologia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oftalmologia
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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55. Dagregorio G, Darsonval V: Post-ablative reconstruction of the medial canthus and medial orbital wall using conchal cartilage graft with three illustrative cases. Br J Plast Surg; 2005 Dec;58(8):1152-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • When the medial third of the upper or lower eyelid has to be reconstructed after full-thickness tumour excision, we usually use Hübner tarsomarginal grafts, but when medial canthal lesions spread to the medial orbital wall without invading the orbital margin, conchal graft becomes our first surgical option.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Cartilage / transplantation. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16039629.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1226
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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56. A Mohammad Ael-N: The use of composite lid graft and the adjacent temporal myocutaneous tissue with orbicularis muscle mobilization for full-thickness total and subtotal upper lid reconstruction. Orbit; 2005 Jun;24(2):87-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the use of a lateral full-thickness upper eyelid graft and the adjacent myocutaneous tissue in the temporal area with mobilization of the orbicularis muscle as a single-stage procedure for reconstruction of full-thickness total and subtotal upper eyelid defects.
  • METHODS: Twelve patients with extensive basal cell carcinoma were included.
  • In seven patients, the tumor involved the inner canthus and at least the medial one-fourth of both upper and lower eyelids.
  • In five patients, the tumor involved more than two-thirds of the upper eyelid.
  • Following resection of the tumor with a safety margin, a 16-mm graft from the normal upper eyelid and its adjacent myocutaneous tissue in the temporal area was used in reconstruction of the defect in the upper eyelid, without affecting the function or the esthetic appearance of the donor upper eyelid.
  • CONCLUSION: This single-stage procedure with a single donor site may represent a simple alternative to more complicated procedures described for total full-thickness upper eyelid reconstruction or subtotal reconstruction associated with medial lower eyelid defects.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps. Wounds and Injuries / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16191794.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-6830
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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57. Hidayatullah, Obaidullah, Asif M, Tahir M, Aslam M: Aesthetic outcome of sliding island flap for reconstruction of cheek after tumour ablation. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2005 Jul-Sep;17(3):15-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Forty patients with age 50-70 years having Basal Cell Carcinoma on infraorbital and malar area of the cheek were taken for the study.
  • Only one patient had mild ectropion of the lower eyelid (2.5%) that did not need any revisional surgery.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Esthetics. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16320788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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58. Seo YJ, Hwang C, Choi S, Oh SH: Midface reconstruction with various flaps based on the angular artery. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2009 Jun;67(6):1226-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • As a result, we were able to perform reconstruction with a retroangular flap for defects of the lower half of the nose and the lower eyelid.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Arteries / transplantation. Cadaver. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Dissection. Esthetics. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Facial Muscles / blood supply. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nose / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19446208.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5053
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Karaçal N, Ambarcioglu O, Topal U, Sapan LA, Kutlu N: Reverse-flow submental artery flap for periorbital soft tissue and socket reconstruction. Head Neck; 2006 Jan;28(1):40-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: The submental artery island flap is a recently described local flap that may be used for reconstruction of the lower and middle thirds of the face and oral cavity.
  • The diagnosis of three patients was basal cell carcinoma of the eyelids, which required orbital exenteration, and the other patient had traumatic periorbital defects.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Orbit / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 28: XXX-XXX, 2005.
  • (PMID = 16331691.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Elabjer BK, Petrinović-Doresić J, Busić M, Elabjer E, Kastelan S: Retrospective analysis of reconstruction techniques after periocular basalioma excision. Coll Antropol; 2007 Jan;31 Suppl 1:91-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The paper presents our approach to reconstruction after periocular basalioma (pBCC) excision, especially of large lower lid (LL) and medial canthal (MC) pBCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 17469760.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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61. Zhao TL, Cheng XD, Ge SX, Wang HG, Li XW: [Clinic application of compound flap pedicled with arterial arch of palpebral margin]. Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Nov;22(6):439-41

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the clinic application of compound flap pedicled with arterial arch of palpebral margin in repairing severe full defect of eyelid.
  • METHODS: According to eyelid structure and the defect size, the two compound flaps were designed beside the defect based on the arterial arch of the palpebral margin.
  • If the defective area was too large, the lateral compound flap may be extended to lower or upper eyelid 0.5 cm away from the outer canthus, then cut and propelled the two compound flaps to repair the full eyelid defect.
  • In this cases, 4 cases were basal cell carcinoma of eyelid, 2 cases were squamous carcinoma, 3 angiomas, 6 chromatophore nexuses, 3 traumatic defects, 2 congenital defects.
  • The largest length of eyelid full defect was 1.7 cm and the smallest was 0.8 cm.
  • 6 cases were upper eyelid defect and 14 cases were lower eyelid defect.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Repairing full eyelid defect with the compound eyelid flap is the same kind tissue repairing.
  • It can not only provide enough tissues to primary repair large full defect of the upper or lower eyelid to restore normal anatomical structure and appearance of the eyelid, but also is easy to be operated without severe secondary deformities.
  • It is an ideal method of repairing the eyelid defect.

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  • (PMID = 17286003.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-4598
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zheng xing wai ke za zhi = Zhonghua zhengxing waike zazhi = Chinese journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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62. Seyhan T: The radix nasi island flap: a versatile musculocutaneous flap for defects of the eyelids, nose, and malar region. J Craniofac Surg; 2009 Mar;20(2):516-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Ten patients, aged 50 to 86 years, have been reconstructed with this flap for defects in the nose (in 4 cases), midface (in 4 cases) and lower eyelids (in 2 cases).
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Graft Survival. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Ophthalmic Artery / anatomy & histology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Pigmentation. Subcutaneous Tissue / transplantation. Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods. Wound Healing / physiology

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  • (PMID = 19305249.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Motomura H, Taniguchi T, Harada T, Muraoka M: A combined flap reconstruction for full-thickness defects of the medial canthal region. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2006;59(7):747-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We developed a combined flap technique with a simple combination of standard flaps for the treatment of extensive defects of the nose and upper and lower eyelids, including full-thickness medial canthus defect.
  • In our technique, a median forehead island flap is used for the nasal region, the anterior surface of the eyelid is reconstructed along aesthetic unit, and the posterior surface is reconstructed with a palatal mucoperiosteal graft.
  • A cheek flap is then used for the reconstruction of the lower eyelid.
  • When reconstructing a small defect of the upper eyelid, the upper eyelid is advanced, while a V-Y advancement flap within the upper eyelid is used for a large defect.
  • To reconstruct the acute angle of the medial canthus, a 0.3 mm titanium wire was passed through the tip of the tarsal plate of the upper and lower eyelids to be reconstructed and was fixed in the perforated nasal bone on the affected side.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Dermatologic Surgical Procedures. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16782572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-6815
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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64. Tan O, Atik B, Ergen D: The retroangular flap revisited. Dermatol Surg; 2007 Nov;33(11):1343-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • These defects were located on the nose in 4 patients, the lower eyelid in 4 patients, the upper eyelid in 2 patients, and the cheek in 1 patient.
  • We strongly suggest extending the use of this flap to include reconstruction of nasal, eyelid, and cheek defects.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Child. Child, Preschool. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Keratoacanthoma / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Skin Diseases / surgery. Surgical Flaps. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17958587.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Caquant L, Mojallal A, Collin AC, Bouletreau P, Breton P: [Cheek defect reconstruction with a vertical translation flap: nine cases]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac; 2008 Feb;109(1):15-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The incision was made between the cheek, lateral nasal area, upper and lower lips, and chin aesthetic units.
  • DISCUSSION: In our experience this type of flap is indicated in large cheek defects without extension to nasal ala, upper lip, and lower eyelid.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Female. Hemangioma / surgery. Humans. Male. Melanoma / surgery. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18037146.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-1768
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillo-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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66. Abedalthagafi M, Rushing EJ, Auerbach A, Desouki MM, Marwaha J, Wang Z, Fanburg-Smith JC: Sporadic cutaneous angiosarcomas generally lack hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha: a histologic and immunohistochemical study of 45 cases. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2010 Feb;14(1):15-22
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  • Tumors presented most commonly in the skin of the scalp followed by the left lower leg, face, nose, lower arm, neck, thigh, eyelid, ear, and temple.
  • Associated basal cell carcinoma was noted in 1 patient; no others had other neoplasms or unrelated surgeries.
  • Requirement for diagnosis includes extravascular proliferation of atypical endothelial cells with mitotic activity in vasoformative, solid, and papillary patterns.

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  • [Copyright] Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • (PMID = 20123452.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HIF1A protein, human; 0 / Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit
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67. Chow TK, Chacko E, Cleary C, Kennedy S, Cassidy L: Keratoacanthoma of the lower eyelid. Eye (Lond); 2005 Jun;19(6):689-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Keratoacanthoma of the lower eyelid.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Keratoacanthoma / surgery. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15543192.001).
  • [ISSN] 0950-222X
  • [Journal-full-title] Eye (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eye (Lond)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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68. Bickle K, Bennett RG: Tripier flap for medial lower eyelid reconstruction. Dermatol Surg; 2008 Nov;34(11):1545-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tripier flap for medial lower eyelid reconstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 18823352.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Bhatt PR, Al-Nuaimi D, Raines MF: Bilateral basal cell carcinoma of the lower eyelids following radium treatment for blepharitis. Eye (Lond); 2008 Jul;22(7):980-1
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bilateral basal cell carcinoma of the lower eyelids following radium treatment for blepharitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharitis / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / etiology. Eyelid Neoplasms / etiology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / etiology. Skin Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 18049485.001).
  • [ISSN] 0950-222X
  • [Journal-full-title] Eye (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eye (Lond)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] W90AYD6R3Q / Radium
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70. Trindade F, Rosa J: Tripier myocutaneous flap as a versatile technique to reconstruct the lower eyelid. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2008 Nov;22(10):1249-50
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tripier myocutaneous flap as a versatile technique to reconstruct the lower eyelid.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 18452525.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-3083
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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71. Yen MT: Correspondence: avoiding lower eyelid ectropion after full thickness skin grafting. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2006;59(2):202-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Correspondence: avoiding lower eyelid ectropion after full thickness skin grafting.
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Humans

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  • [CommentOn] Br J Plast Surg. 2005 Apr;58(3):353-60 [15780230.001]
  • (PMID = 16703868.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-6815
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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72. Lau CK, Huang S, Cormack G: Minimising the risk of ectropion when full thickness skin grafting lower eyelid defects. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2008 Dec;61(12):1562-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Minimising the risk of ectropion when full thickness skin grafting lower eyelid defects.
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2009 May;62(5):711 [19231310.001]
  • (PMID = 18768381.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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73. Fisher GH: Medium-sized lower eyelid defect reconstructed with a bilobed flap. Dermatol Surg; 2010 May;36(5):683-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Medium-sized lower eyelid defect reconstructed with a bilobed flap.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 20384742.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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74. Cheong EC, Ong WC, Lim J, Lim TC: A modification of the nasolabial flap for lower eyelid defect in preventing ectropion. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2005 Sep 15;116(4):1176-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - After Surgery.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A modification of the nasolabial flap for lower eyelid defect in preventing ectropion.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Ectropion / prevention & control. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control. Surgical Flaps

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  • [CommentIn] Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 Aug;118(2):557-8; author reply 558-9 [16874241.001]
  • (PMID = 16163123.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Lalonde DH, Osei-Tutu KB: Functional reconstruction of unilateral, subtotal, full-thickness upper and lower eyelid defects with a single hard palate graft covered with advancement orbicularis myocutaneous flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2005 May;115(6):1696-700
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Functional reconstruction of unilateral, subtotal, full-thickness upper and lower eyelid defects with a single hard palate graft covered with advancement orbicularis myocutaneous flaps.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Transplantation. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Palate, Hard / transplantation. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Bone Grafts.
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  • (PMID = 15861077.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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