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Items 1 to 74 of about 74
1. Chew YK, Noorizan Y, Khir A, Brito-Mutunayagam S, Prepagaran N: The use of paramedian forehead flap reconstruction after wide excision of basal cell carcinoma of the nose. Med J Malaysia; 2008 Oct;63(4):339-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The use of paramedian forehead flap reconstruction after wide excision of basal cell carcinoma of the nose.
  • Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is an indolent, slow-growing malignant skin tumour.
  • The nose is a common site for malignant skin tumours, such as basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma because it is exposed to the sun.
  • This report illustrates a case of BCC of nose whereby a wide excision and reconstruction was performed with a paramedian forehead flap.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Rhinoplasty / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Forehead. Humans

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  • (PMID = 19385500.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-5283
  • [Journal-full-title] The Medical journal of Malaysia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. J. Malaysia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
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2. Bucher S, Guerra M, Corrias F, Ribuffo D: Basal cell carcinoma of the nose requiring amputation arising after irradiation for childhood hemangioma. Anticancer Res; 2006 Nov-Dec;26(6C):4767-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Basal cell carcinoma of the nose requiring amputation arising after irradiation for childhood hemangioma.
  • A 49-year-old female, who had undergone irradiation at six years of age as a treatment for a cutaneous nasal hemangioma, developed later a devastating basal cell carcinoma requiring sub-amputation of the nose and subsequent reconstruction with a pre-expanded forehead flap.
  • Basal cell carcinomas are now frequently reported as late sequelae of previous low-dose irradiations after 10-20 years, and patients should be aware of this possible evolution.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Hemangioma / radiotherapy. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / surgery. Neoplasms, Second Primary / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17214338.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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3. Richmond-Sinclair NM, Pandeya N, Ware RS, Neale RE, Williams GM, van der Pols JC, Green AC: Incidence of basal cell carcinoma multiplicity and detailed anatomic distribution: longitudinal study of an Australian population. J Invest Dermatol; 2009 Feb;129(2):323-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidence of basal cell carcinoma multiplicity and detailed anatomic distribution: longitudinal study of an Australian population.
  • A proportion of individuals are affected multiple times by basal cell carcinoma (BCC), but the rate and extent to which this occurs is unknown.
  • Between 1997 and 2006, 663 BCCs were confirmed in 301 of 1,337 participants in the population-based Nambour Skin Cancer Study.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Face / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / epidemiology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cheek / pathology. Ear, External / pathology. Female. Forehead / pathology. Humans. Incidence. Longitudinal Studies. Male. Middle Aged. Nose / pathology. Queensland / epidemiology. Sunlight / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 18668137.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-1747
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of investigative dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Invest. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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4. Lee SY, Jung SN, Sohn WI, Kwon H, Yoo G: Submuscular fibrolipoma of the forehead. J Craniofac Surg; 2010 Nov;21(6):1993-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Submuscular fibrolipoma of the forehead.
  • We present the first case of a 65-year-old man with a submuscular fibrolipoma of the forehead that showed no evidence of recurrence after excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Muscles / pathology. Forehead / pathology. Lipoma / diagnosis. Muscle Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21119481.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Monarca C, Chiummariello S, Mazzana P, Rizzo MI, Alfano C, Scuderi N: [Oncological and reconstructive management in a patient with multiple recurrences of basal cell carcinoma of the nose]. G Chir; 2008 Mar;29(3):89-91
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  • [Title] [Oncological and reconstructive management in a patient with multiple recurrences of basal cell carcinoma of the nose].
  • [Transliterated title] Management oncologico e ricostruttivo nella recidiva multipla del carcinoma basocellulare del naso.
  • Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) grows by direct extension replacing local anatomical structure; it rarely metastasizes, however may cause severe injure expanding to contiguous tissues with a biological invasive behaviour.
  • Fast cancer extension to the adjacent facial structures requires wide resection for oncological management.
  • One year after, forehead flap was made to reconstruct the nose and left cheek deficit.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Cheek / pathology. Cheek / surgery. Disease-Free Survival. Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Nose / pathology. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Surgical Flaps. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18366887.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-9005
  • [Journal-full-title] Il Giornale di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] G Chir
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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6. Naumann IC, Cordes SR: Giant basal cell carcinoma of the forehead with extensive intracranial involvement. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol; 2007 Sep;116(9):663-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant basal cell carcinoma of the forehead with extensive intracranial involvement.
  • Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common malignant skin lesion and is frequently curatively treated with local excision.
  • We describe a case of a recurrent BCC that aggressively grew from the forehead skin through the skull and into the frontal lobe.
  • Despite its fairly benign growth pattern, BCC should never be underestimated, and care should be taken not only in the complete primary excision but also in cancer surveillance.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Forehead. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnostic imaging. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Neurosurgical Procedures / methods. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Severity of Illness Index. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17926588.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4894
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. El-Marakby HH: The versatile naso-labial flaps in facial reconstruction. J Egypt Natl Canc Inst; 2005 Dec;17(4):245-50
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  • BACKGROUND: Surgical excision of tumors from the face may create a defect that is difficult to restore.
  • Skin grafts can only cover superficial defects and has a natural tendency to contract and may not take properly.
  • Also, because of the colour mismatch, it is not cosmetically identical to the face.
  • The use of regional flaps such as the median forehead flaps are usually bulky, can not cover a wide range of facial reconstruction and usually require the donor area to be grafted.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 20 patients (12 males and 8 females) presented at the surgical department, National Cancer Institute (NCI) Cairo University with skin cancer at different areas of the face.
  • Fifteen patients presented with basal cell carcinoma, 2 squamous cell carcinoma, one malignant melanoma, one keratoacanthoma, and one xeroderma pigmentosa.
  • CONCLUSION: The nasolabial flap is a versatile, simple, easy to harvest local flap that can cover a variety of defects in the face.
  • [MeSH-major] Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 17102819.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-0362
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Egypt Natl Canc Inst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
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8. Chatterjee S, Mott JH, Dickson S, Kelly CG: Extensive basal cell carcinoma of the forehead and anterior scalp: use of helical tomotherapy as a radiotherapy treatment modality. Br J Radiol; 2010 Jun;83(990):538-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extensive basal cell carcinoma of the forehead and anterior scalp: use of helical tomotherapy as a radiotherapy treatment modality.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / radiotherapy. Head and Neck Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Conformal / methods. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Female. Forehead. Humans. Palliative Care. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Tomography, Spiral Computed / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Cites] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2002 Feb 1;52(2):553-9 [11872304.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1993 Nov 15;27(4):953-8 [8244828.001]
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  • [Cites] Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2006 Mar 15;64(4):1288-9; author reply 1289-90 [16504768.001]
  • [Cites] Int J Dermatol. 2006 May;45(5):489-98 [16700779.001]
  • [Cites] Med Dosim. 2005 Fall;30(3):162-8 [16112468.001]
  • (PMID = 20505036.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3473584
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9. Birgfeld CB, Chang B: The periglabellar flap for closure of central forehead defects. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 Jul;120(1):130-3
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  • [Title] The periglabellar flap for closure of central forehead defects.
  • BACKGROUND: Central forehead defects are difficult for the plastic surgeon.
  • Local flaps result in added scars to the cosmetically sensitive forehead region.
  • However, the forehead also provides consistent patterns of rhytides that can be used to camouflage local flap scars.
  • This article describes a local flap for reconstructing central forehead skin defects that achieves tissue coverage with a cosmetically appealing result.
  • METHODS: Six patients with central forehead cutaneous malignancies were reviewed; their defects were too large to close primarily.
  • The defects were closed using bilateral periglabellar local advancement flaps with Burow's triangles, with scars in the natural skin creases of the aging forehead.
  • The superior triangles were oriented horizontally, which placed incisions within the frontalis muscle forehead creases.
  • The inferior triangles were oriented obliquely within skin creases of the corrugator muscles.
  • Central vertical incisions remained and blended inconspicuously into the aging forehead.
  • RESULTS: Five patients with central forehead melanomas and one patient with Mohs' defects after excision of basal cell carcinoma were referred by their dermatologists (age range, 60 to 83 years; mean, 72 years).
  • CONCLUSION: For central forehead skin defects up to 5 cm in diameter, the periglabellar flap offers a reconstructive option that uses local tissue and hides scars within natural forehead wrinkles, providing an aesthetically pleasing result.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Cohort Studies. Esthetics. Forehead. Graft Rejection. Graft Survival. Humans. Melanoma / pathology. Melanoma / surgery. Middle Aged. Mohs Surgery / adverse effects. Mohs Surgery / methods. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome. Wound Healing / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17572554.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Pomaranski MR, Krull EA, Balle MR: Use of the Z-plasty technique for forehead defects. Dermatol Surg; 2005 Dec;31(12):1720-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of the Z-plasty technique for forehead defects.
  • BACKGROUND: Surgical defects of the forehead are commonplace for the Mohs surgeon.
  • The relaxed skin tension lines (RSTLs) of this region allow for repairs ranging from direct linear closures to more complex advancement flaps.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of the Z-plasty in repairing forehead surgical defects.
  • METHOD: We illustrate two Mohs surgical cases in which the size and location of the forehead defect did not allow for a straightforward and cosmetically acceptable closure.
  • RESULTS: Use of the Z-plasty technique allowed a portion of the vertical incision line to be reoriented within the forehead RSTLs, producing a favorable cosmetic outcome.
  • CONCLUSION: Forehead defects that are shaped such that the long axis is perpendicular to the RSTLs or located in a region where tissue mobility more easily permits a vertical closure can present a challenge for the reconstructive surgeon.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Procedures, Operative / adverse effects. Wounds and Injuries / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Forehead / surgery. Humans. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 16336898.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Firat Y, Kizilay A, Akarcay M, Miman MC: Second primary cancer occurrence on forehead flap after reconstruction of nasal carcinoma. J Craniofac Surg; 2008 Nov;19(6):1549-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Second primary cancer occurrence on forehead flap after reconstruction of nasal carcinoma.
  • We reported a case of basal cell carcinoma on the flap which was initially treated with excision of squamous cell carcinoma and forehead flap reconstruction of nasal dorsum.
  • After 8 years of reconstruction, basal cell carcinoma was developed on the flap surface.
  • In this report, our purpose was to discuss the possible etiopathogenesis, most appropriate diagnostic procedures, and treatment protocol for a carcinoma of the flap which has been used to reconstruct the previous cutaneous cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Forehead / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Surgical Flaps / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19098548.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Papadopoulos O, Karypidis D, Chrisostomidis C, Konofaos P, Champsas G, Kazdaglis G: Use of the hemifrontal flap in reconstruction of the forehead. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2008 Oct;46(7):537-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of the hemifrontal flap in reconstruction of the forehead.
  • The width of the flap above the eyebrow is almost equal to the vertical height of the forehead in the midline.
  • The hairline and the line of the eyebrows were preserved in their original sites, with no alteration in the aesthetic landmarks of the forehead in 3 cases, where there was no invasion of tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Forehead / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Esthetics. Facial Muscles / anatomy & histology. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Frontal Bone / surgery. Graft Survival. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Skin / anatomy & histology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods. Skull Neoplasms / surgery. Temporal Bone / surgery. Zygoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18436356.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1940
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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13. Desai RS, Donnelly HB: Repair of a glabellar and inferior forehead defect. Dermatol Surg; 2006 Jan;32(1):112-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Repair of a glabellar and inferior forehead defect.
  • This 44-year-old healthy white male was referred to our office for the treatment of a recurrent basal cell carcinoma clinically involving the left inferior forehead extending down to the left glabellar region of the face.
  • [MeSH-major] Forehead / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Transplantation. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Male. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Dermatol Surg. 2007 Jan;33(1):126-7 [17214696.001]
  • (PMID = 16393611.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Moyer JS: Reconstruction of extensive nasal defects with staged bilateral paramedian forehead flaps. Ann Plast Surg; 2010 Aug;65(2):188-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reconstruction of extensive nasal defects with staged bilateral paramedian forehead flaps.
  • Unlike mucosal flaps and skin turn-in flaps with a random blood supply, paramedian forehead flaps have an axial blood supply and are less likely to be adversely affected by a patient's smoking history.
  • In this report, we describe the use of staged bilateral paramedian forehead flaps as an alternative technique for patients with isolated near-total or total nasal defects where local tissue is of insufficient quality or quantity for intranasal flap design.
  • The use of staged bilateral forehead flaps can result in acceptable functional and esthetic outcomes in patients with extensive nasal defects.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Forehead / blood supply. Forehead / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps / blood supply

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  • (PMID = 20606589.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3708
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Ayhan M, Gorgu M, Aytug Z, Karantinaci B, Yilmaz E: Comparison of aesthetic outcomes and morbidity of nasal reconstruction with forehead flaps and free flaps. Microsurgery; 2007;27(5):411-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comparison of aesthetic outcomes and morbidity of nasal reconstruction with forehead flaps and free flaps.
  • The most common etiology of nasal defects that require reconstruction is skin cancer, particularly basal cell carcinoma, the most common nasal skin cancer, as well as squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.
  • Forehead flaps and free flaps can be utilized for reconstruction of extensive nasal defects.
  • The forehead flap is a reliable and well-established reconstructive option for management of extensive nasal defects.
  • We aimed to compare the esthetic and functional results of forehead flaps and free flaps for reconstruction of extensive nasal defects.
  • [MeSH-major] Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • [Copyright] 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17603811.001).
  • [ISSN] 0738-1085
  • [Journal-full-title] Microsurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microsurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Mombaerts I, Gillis A: The tunneled forehead flap in medial canthal and eyelid reconstruction. Dermatol Surg; 2010 Jul;36(7):1118-25
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  • [Title] The tunneled forehead flap in medial canthal and eyelid reconstruction.
  • BACKGROUND: The midline forehead flap is used in the reconstruction of large, deep defects of the medial canthal area and lower eyelid.
  • Drawbacks are a cosmetically unfavorable skin bulge at the nasal bridge and obliteration of the natural medial canthal concavity, requiring correction in a second stage.
  • METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and photographs of patients who received the tunneled midline forehead flap procedure in the repair of medial canthal defects and in the anterior lamellar repair of eyelid defects.
  • The forehead flap was elevated in the subdermal plane, and the pedicle was de-epithelialized and transferred through a subgaleal tunnel from the pivot point of the flap into the primary defect.
  • RESULTS: Nine patients had defects of the medial canthal area, medial part of the eyelids, or both after surgical removal of malignant tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: The tunneled midline forehead flap can be an advantageous single-stage technique in medial canthal and medial eyelid repair.
  • [MeSH-major] Blepharoplasty / methods. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Cohort Studies. Female. Forehead. Humans. Male. Meibomian Glands. Melanoma / pathology. Melanoma / surgery. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20653726.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Marra DE, Torres A, Schanbacher CF, Gonzalez S: Detection of residual basal cell carcinoma by in vivo confocal microscopy. Dermatol Surg; 2005 May;31(5):538-41
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  • [Title] Detection of residual basal cell carcinoma by in vivo confocal microscopy.
  • BACKGROUND: Near-infrared reflectance-mode confocal scanning laser microscopy (RCM) represents a novel imaging technique for microscopic analysis of skin lesions and may provide a noninvasive modality for the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC).
  • CONCLUSION: We report the use of RCM in the confirmation of residual BCC in two cases and the tentative diagnosis with subsequent pathologic conformation of a third case in which a biopsy was previously inadequate.
  • Our results demonstrate that confocal microscopy may facilitate diagnosis of BCC in vivo and warrant further prospective study to quantify the sensitivity and specificity of this rapidly evolving imaging modality.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Arm. Diagnosis, Differential. Face. Forehead. Humans. Male. Microscopy, Confocal. Middle Aged. Pilot Projects

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  • (PMID = 15962737.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Nieto Enriquez J, Medel Jiménez R, Huguet Redecilla P: Undiagnosed squamous cell carcinoma of the forehead presenting as a Tolosa-Hunt syndrome. Orbit; 2009;28(5):290-2
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  • [Title] Undiagnosed squamous cell carcinoma of the forehead presenting as a Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most common periocular skin cancer.
  • We describe a case of invasive squamous cell carcinoma arising from actinic keratosis and causing orbital and intracranial invasion via perineural spread.
  • Perineural invasion (PNI) is a known feature of SCC and very rarely basal cell carcinomas of the head and neck.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Female. Forehead. Humans. Keratosis, Actinic / complications. Neoplasm Invasiveness


19. Lyle P, Nakamura K, Togerson S: Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma arising in the scar from a previously excised basal cell carcinoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Jun;35(6):594-8
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  • [Title] Lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma arising in the scar from a previously excised basal cell carcinoma.
  • We report a case of a primary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the skin (LELCS) associated with scar from a previous excision of basal cell carcinoma.
  • The patient was a 68-year-old female with a 3.0 mm skin-colored pearly papule on her forehead that developed over 2-3 months.
  • The patient had a history of a basal cell carcinoma in the same location, which was completely excised 1 year earlier.
  • Retrospective review of the original excision specimen confirmed the diagnosis of an ordinary basal cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / complications. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Cicatrix / complications. Neoplasms, Second Primary / complications. Skin Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 18201243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Mucin-1; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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20. Alagöz MS, Işken T, Sen C, Onyedi M, Izmirli H, Yücel E: Three-dimensional nasal reconstruction using a prefabricated forehead flap: case report. Aesthetic Plast Surg; 2008 Jan;32(1):166-71

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  • [Title] Three-dimensional nasal reconstruction using a prefabricated forehead flap: case report.
  • Surgical treatment is extremely difficult with the combined defects of skin, cartilage, and nasal mucosa.
  • This can be achieved only by providing sufficiently and anatomically adapted cartilage and bone support, followed by covering the inner part using tissue closely resembling mucosa and the outer part using skin compatible with the surrounding skin.
  • The surgical technique for three-dimensional nasal reconstruction in the first session of this study involved placing a silicon sheet between the skin and galea, which allowed two separate flaps to be obtained for the next session without vascular damage.
  • For the epithelialization of the defect on the nasal surface, the lower surface of the galea was prefabricated with a thin skin graft obtained from the thigh.
  • The expander placed under all these structures thinned them down to a thickness close to that of nasal skin and mucosa and also enabled primary closure of the donor area.
  • The mucosal surface and skin part then could be closed with two separate flaps.
  • The forehead flap used in this technique enabled production of an aesthetically and functionally satisfactory outcome by providing an anatomically sufficient amount of nasal skin and nasal mucosa for whole-layer wide nasal defects in only three sessions without necessitating an additional flap.
  • [MeSH-major] Forehead / surgery. Nose Deformities, Acquired / surgery. Rhinoplasty / methods. Surgical Flaps. Tissue Expansion / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nose. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation. Tissue Expansion Devices. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17763893.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-216X
  • [Journal-full-title] Aesthetic plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aesthetic Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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21. Griffiths RW, Suvarna SK, Stone J: Basal cell carcinoma histological clearance margins: an analysis of 1539 conventionally excised tumours. Wider still and deeper? J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2007;60(1):41-7
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  • [Title] Basal cell carcinoma histological clearance margins: an analysis of 1539 conventionally excised tumours. Wider still and deeper?
  • An analysis of peripheral and deep margins of histological clearance around 1539 consecutive basal cell carcinomas excised by conventional surgery showed that 81 lesions (5.3%) were incompletely excised peripherally; 36 lesions (2.3%) were incompletely excised deeply; 13 lesions (0.8%) were incompletely excised peripherally and deeply.
  • This study of conventional surgical excision of basal cell carcinomas with an incomplete excision rate of 8% has shown that 65% of lesions were excised with <5mm histological clearance peripherally and 85% with <5mm deep clearance.
  • However, peripheral margins did exceed 5mm in more than 30% of lesions of scalp, temple and forehead, and for these sites where even with loupe magnification the tumour edge could be difficult to define, either frozen section control or Mohs' technique, might with benefit be more often used in order to minimise normal tissue sacrifice.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17126265.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-6815
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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22. Garcia L, Nagore E, Llombart B, Sanmartin O, Botella-Estrada R, Requena C, Jorda E, Guillen C: Basal cell carcinoma of the nasolabial fold: an apparently 'benign' tumour that often needs complex surgery. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2006 Sep;20(8):926-30

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  • [Title] Basal cell carcinoma of the nasolabial fold: an apparently 'benign' tumour that often needs complex surgery.
  • BACKGROUND: Location of the tumour is a well-known prognostic factor for recurrence of basal cell carcinoma (BCC).
  • A control group of 37 patients with BCC located on the cheek or forehead were selected from the same database.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16922939.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9959
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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23. Decara JM, Aguilera J, Abdala R, Sánchez P, Figueroa FL, Herrera E: Screening of urocanic acid isomers in human basal and squamous cell carcinoma tumors compared with tumor periphery and healthy skin. Exp Dermatol; 2008 Oct;17(10):806-12
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  • [Title] Screening of urocanic acid isomers in human basal and squamous cell carcinoma tumors compared with tumor periphery and healthy skin.
  • This immunomodulation has been recognized as an important factor related to skin cancer development.
  • This is the first time that UCA isomers have been measured in epidermis of skin biopsies from patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and with basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and compared with the tumor periphery and biopsies of healthy photoexposed and non-photoexposed skin as controls.
  • Analysis of UCA in healthy skin showed significant increase in total UCA content in non-photoexposed body sites compared with highly exposed skins.
  • Maximal levels of cUCA were found in cheek, forehead and forearm and lower levels in abdomen and thigh.
  • No differences were found in total UCA concentration between the tumor samples and healthy photoexposed skin.
  • Higher levels of cUCA were detected in SCC biopsies (44% of total UCA) compared with samples of BCC and that of healthy photoexposed skin (30%).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Epidermis / radiation effects. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Ultraviolet Rays. Urocanic Acid / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18312386.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0625
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] G8D26XJJ3B / Urocanic Acid
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24. Burget GC, Walton RL: Optimal use of microvascular free flaps, cartilage grafts, and a paramedian forehead flap for aesthetic reconstruction of the nose and adjacent facial units. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 Oct;120(5):1171-207; discussion 1208-16
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  • [Title] Optimal use of microvascular free flaps, cartilage grafts, and a paramedian forehead flap for aesthetic reconstruction of the nose and adjacent facial units.
  • Menick stated, "Distant skin always appears as a mismatched patch within residual normal facial skin."
  • Aesthetic nasal reconstruction used two separate skin paddles to reconstruct the lining for the nasal vestibule and columella, an artistically constructed nasal framework made of cartilage, a forehead flap for cover, and other flaps and grafts to reconstruct adjacent facial unit defects.
  • Combined with a forehead flap, this aesthetic approach allows for reconstruction of the center of the face layer by layer and facial unit by facial unit.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Amputation, Traumatic / surgery. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Child. Humans. Ischemia / surgery. Middle Aged. Mohs Surgery

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  • (PMID = 17898591.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Rodriguez-Vigil T, Vázquez-López F, Perez-Oliva N: Recurrence rates of primary basal cell carcinoma in facial risk areas treated with curettage and electrodesiccation. J Am Acad Dermatol; 2007 Jan;56(1):91-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recurrence rates of primary basal cell carcinoma in facial risk areas treated with curettage and electrodesiccation.
  • BACKGROUND: The incidence of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is increasing.
  • BCCs included in the study were from the nose, and paranasal and nasal-labial fold (n = 105); eyelids and canthi (n = 48); perioral areas (n = 12); ears (n = 11); forehead and temples (n = 48); periauricular areas (n = 14); and malar areas and cheeks (n = 19).
  • The primary outcome was recurrence of carcinoma, which was clinically evaluated by at least two observers in consensus.
  • RESULTS: The 5-year cumulative non-RR in the best-case scenario was 98.80% (SE 0.70, 95% confidence interval 97.40%-100%); thus, a 5-year cumulative RR of 1.20% was found after CE in our medium- and high-risk BCCs of the face (best case).
  • CONCLUSION: High 5-year cure rates can be obtained after CE of primary, nonfibrosing BCCs of medium- and high-risk areas of the face performed in a specialized section.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / epidemiology. Curettage. Electrocoagulation. Facial Neoplasms / epidemiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology. Skin Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17190625.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6787
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Elghissassi I, Mikou A, Inrhaoun H, Ennouhi A, Gamra L, Errihani H: Metastatic basal cell carcinoma to the bone and bone marrow. Int J Dermatol; 2009 May;48(5):481-3
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  • [Title] Metastatic basal cell carcinoma to the bone and bone marrow.
  • BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common carcinoma in the community, but the incidence of metastatic events is exceedingly low.
  • The few reported cases most often appear in regional nodes or the lungs, and patients usually exhibit multiple concurrent organs of spread at the time of diagnosis.
  • METHODS: We report a case of primary BCC located on the left forehead of a 48-year-old man, which metastasized exclusively to the bone and bone marrow, associated with hematologic disorders.
  • RESULTS: Pathologic examination of the tumor located on the left forehead showed BCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Neoplasms / secondary. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / secondary. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19416377.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-4632
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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27. Kimyai-Asadi A, Alam M, Goldberg LH, Peterson SR, Silapunt S, Jih MH: Efficacy of narrow-margin excision of well-demarcated primary facial basal cell carcinomas. J Am Acad Dermatol; 2005 Sep;53(3):464-8
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  • [Title] Efficacy of narrow-margin excision of well-demarcated primary facial basal cell carcinomas.
  • BACKGROUND: A 4-mm surgical margin of clinically normal skin is the current standard for elliptical excision of basal cell carcinomas (BCCs).
  • However, a 4-mm surgical margin is often not feasible on the face because of cosmetic and functional concerns.
  • CONCLUSION: Narrow margins (1-3 mm) are inadequate for the excision of small, well-demarcated, primary nodular BCCs of the face.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery. Mohs Surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Cheek. Forehead. Frozen Sections. Humans. Lip Neoplasms / pathology. Lip Neoplasms / surgery. Mandibular Neoplasms / pathology. Mandibular Neoplasms / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16112354.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6787
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Mitcov M, Scrivener Y, Cribier B: [Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma: a clinicopathological study, including a comparison with morpheiform basal cell carcinoma]. Ann Dermatol Venereol; 2009 Jun-Jul;136(6-7):501-7
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  • [Title] [Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma: a clinicopathological study, including a comparison with morpheiform basal cell carcinoma].
  • We carried out a retrospective histopathological study of a large series of cases of DTE in order to better characterise this tumour and compare it with sclerodermiform basal cell carcinoma (BCC), which is in fact the most common as well as the most complex type of differential diagnosis.
  • Diagnosis was confirmed by two different examiners and all microscopic elements were reviewed.
  • Lesions were found primarily on the head (98.5% of cases), mainly on the cheeks (29.2% of cases) and forehead (23.1% of cases).
  • The diagnosis was only made by the clinician in four cases; in 38 cases the diagnosis made was BCC.
  • COMMENTS: DTE is a firm plaque-like lesion, flesh coloured or yellowish, and generally with a depressed centre; it is seen primarily in middle-aged women and occurs principally on the cheeks and forehead.
  • A suggested clinical diagnosis is thus possible.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19560610.001).
  • [ISSN] 0151-9638
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de dermatologie et de vénéréologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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29. Griffiths RW, Suvarna SK, Stone J: Do basal cell carcinomas recur after complete conventional surgical excision? Br J Plast Surg; 2005 Sep;58(6):795-805
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  • [Title] Do basal cell carcinomas recur after complete conventional surgical excision?
  • For 1378 patients treated in the 11 years 1988-1998 by conventional excision of 1635 basal cell carcinomas, 1516 first index lesions were histologically completely excised.
  • Two thirds of possible and probable recurrences occurred in the temple and forehead, although these sites represented only 22% of all lesions, which may rather suggest new lesions in an area of field change as opposed to residual disease.
  • These figures indicate there is a low order of probability for the incidence of recurrent basal cell carcinoma during minimum 5 years follow period after conventional surgical excision and conventional histological assessment of tumour resection margins.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2007;60(4):451-3 [17349608.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2006;59(11):1247 [17046636.001]
  • (PMID = 16086990.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1226
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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30. Lehnerdt G, Manz D, Jahnke K, Schmitz KJ: [Cutaneous basosquamous cell carcinoma]. HNO; 2008 Mar;56(3):306-11
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  • [Title] [Cutaneous basosquamous cell carcinoma].
  • BACKGROUND: Basosquamous carcinoma (BSC) is a rare malignancy with specific histopathological features of both basal cell (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • Therefore, the histological diagnosis is challenging.
  • Of these, seven were located on the pinna, one on the forehead and zygomatic region and one in the retroauricular region.
  • In the case of the carcinoma on the forehead, a local excision was performed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The histological diagnosis of BSC is confirmed by the use of EMA and BerEP4 immunohistological staining.
  • Clinically, BSC is a rare, aggressive skin tumor.
  • Despite the histological similarity to basal cell carcinoma, BSC has an imminent risk of metastasizing.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / surgery. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome


31. Baba M, Durdu M, Seçkin D: A useful alternative approach for the treatment of well-demarcated Basal cell carcinoma: surgical excision and margin control with tzanck smear test. Dermatol Surg; 2010 May;36(5):659-64
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  • [Title] A useful alternative approach for the treatment of well-demarcated Basal cell carcinoma: surgical excision and margin control with tzanck smear test.
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze the accuracy of the Tzanck smear test (TST) for margin control in surgery for well-demarcated basal cell carcinoma (BCC).
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery. Skin / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cheek. Cytodiagnosis / methods. Female. Forehead. Hand. Humans. Intraoperative Period. Male. Middle Aged. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20384747.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Schulz H: [Pigmented lesion on the temple. Pigment cell tumor, basal cell carcinoma, or irritated seborrheic keratosis?]. Hautarzt; 2010 Dec;61(12):1061-2
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  • [Title] [Pigmented lesion on the temple. Pigment cell tumor, basal cell carcinoma, or irritated seborrheic keratosis?].
  • The slightly raised skin tumor with well-defined margins had appeared 3 years earlier, slowly enlarging and finally changing in color.
  • Histopathological diagnosis revealed an irritated seborrheic keratosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Facial Dermatoses / diagnosis. Facial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Keratosis, Seborrheic / diagnosis. Nevus, Pigmented / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Dermoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Forehead. Humans. Skin / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21069503.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1173
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hautarzt
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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33. Bergman A, Contard P, Spencer J: Multiple basal cell carcinomas in a young adult treated with imiquimod 5%: a case report and literature review. J Drugs Dermatol; 2005 Jan-Feb;4(1):95-7
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  • [Title] Multiple basal cell carcinomas in a young adult treated with imiquimod 5%: a case report and literature review.
  • We present a case of basal cell carcinoma that is unique in the literature with regard to the rare combination of age of onset and number of BCCs at initial presentation that was successfully treated with imiquimod 5%.
  • Physical exam was remarkable for seven pink translucent skin lesions on the forehead, alar ridge, zygoma, and upper back.
  • Shave biopsies revealed basal cell carcinoma in all 7 lesions.
  • The presentation of this number of de novo BCCs in a patient this young in absence of a known BCC syndrome has, to the best of our knowledge, not previously been reported in the literature and was successfully treated with imiquimod 5%.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoquinolines / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / drug therapy. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 15696993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-9616
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Drugs Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoquinolines; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 99011-02-6 / imiquimod
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34. Piesold JU, Vent S, Krüger R, Pistner H: [Treatment results after surgery for basal cell carcinomas of the head and neck region taking into consideration various reconstruction techniques]. Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir; 2005 May;9(3):143-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Treatment results after surgery for basal cell carcinomas of the head and neck region taking into consideration various reconstruction techniques].
  • BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinomas are the most frequently occurring malignant tumors in the white population.
  • PATIENTS AND METHOD: All cases of basal cell carcinoma treated at the department for oral and maxillofacial and regional plastic surgery of the HELIOS hospital in Erfurt between 1976 and 2003 were analyzed and partly reexamined in a retrospective study.
  • RESULTS: A total of 648 patients with 765 basal cell carcinomas were treated.
  • In 64% of the cases the basal cell carcinomas were nodular, in 16% infiltrative.
  • The most frequent localizations were in of the regions of the highest sun exposure such as the nose, midface, and forehead.
  • DISCUSSION: If an infiltrative basal cell carcinoma is suspected or insufficient radical primary surgery is presumed, plastic reconstruction should be postponed until free margins can be confirmed histologically.
  • The functional and aesthetic quality of reconstruction was better using pedicled flaps (90%) and primary closure (86%) than using free skin transplants (30-54%).
  • Nevertheless, free skin flaps and epitheses were found to be well accepted by the reexamined patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Sunlight / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Dermatologic Surgical Procedures. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Orbit Evisceration. Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care). Retrospective Studies. Skin / pathology. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 15719264.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-9417
  • [Journal-full-title] Mund-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie : MKG
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mund Kiefer Gesichtschir
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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35. Patel P, Talpur R, Duvic M: Langerhans cell histiocytosis arising from a BCC: a case report and review of the literature. Cutis; 2010 Jun;85(6):295-300
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Langerhans cell histiocytosis arising from a BCC: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease characterized by a proliferation of Langerhans cells.
  • Several organs may be involved, including the skin, bone, and central nervous system.
  • Langerhans cell histiocytosis has been found in combination with other skin lesions and systemic conditions, but no definitive conclusion exists for this phenomenon.
  • We present a case report of a 63-year-old woman who initially presented with 3 pink papules on her forehead that had developed sequentially within 1 month, all diagnosed by biopsy as basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and appropriately treated.
  • Langerhans cell histiocytosis arising from a BCC is extremely rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / complications. Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 20666189.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Menick FJ: A new modified method for nasal lining: the Menick technique for folded lining. J Surg Oncol; 2006 Nov 1;94(6):509-14
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • More recently, the forehead skin has been transferred for cover as a full thickness flap in three stages.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Forehead / surgery. Mohs Surgery. Nose / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Rhinoplasty / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 17061274.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Leatherbarrow B, Watson A, Wilcsek G: Use of the pericranial flap in medial canthal reconstruction: another application for this versatile flap. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2006 Nov-Dec;22(6):414-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: A retrospective review of consecutive cases requiring reconstruction of medial canthal defects involving loss of periosteum or bone by a median forehead pericranial flap and full-thickness skin grafting in a tertiary referral hospital setting.
  • Two techniques were used: an open technique, using a midline forehead incision; and an endoscopic technique, using 2 incisions behind the hairline.
  • Five (24%) had partial (< 50%) skin graft necrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Eye Neoplasms / surgery. Forehead / surgery. Lacrimal Apparatus. Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Skin Transplantation / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17117092.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Karşdağ S, Sacak B, Bayraktaroglu S, Ozcan A, Ugurlu K, Bas L: A novel approach for the reconstruction of medial canthal and nasal dorsal defects: frontal hairline island flap. J Craniofac Surg; 2008 Nov;19(6):1653-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The main purpose in reconstruction is not solely covering the defects with similar skin and soft tissue, but also causing minimal donor-area morbidity.
  • We present our frontal hairline island flap design and results in our series of 10 patients.In our study, we aimed to reduce scarring at donor area by planning a forehead island flap in an elliptical fashion at the frontal hairline.
  • Primary closure of skin flaps at the donor ensures a final scar that is hidden at the frontal hairline border.
  • Forehead hairline island flap is an important flap for small- and medium-size defects as an alternative to conventional paramedian forehead flap.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Transplantation / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Cicatrix / prevention & control. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Forehead. Humans. Hypesthesia / etiology. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications. Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods

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  • (PMID = 19098574.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Turgut G, Ozcan A, Yeşiloğlu N, Baş L: A new glabellar flap modification for the reconstruction of medial canthal and nasal dorsal defects: "flap in flap" technique. J Craniofac Surg; 2009 Jan;20(1):198-200
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • All defects were secondary to excision of basal cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelids / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Forehead / surgery. Nose / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps / classification
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Esthetics. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nose Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19165026.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Köse R, Okur MI: Reconstruction of the defects in the middle of the nose with subcutaneous pedicled nasolabial island flap: report of two cases. Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg; 2009 Sep-Oct;19(5):272-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Two cases with basal cell carcinomas on the middle of the nose were treated by using subcutaneous pedicled nasolabial island flap.
  • The subcutaneous pedicled nasolabial flap should be considered to be an alternative to the paramedian forehead flap for the reconstruction of defects on the middle of the nose.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Lip / surgery. Nose / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / adverse effects. Surgical Flaps / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 19961408.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-7475
  • [Journal-full-title] Kulak burun boğaz ihtisas dergisi : KBB = Journal of ear, nose, and throat
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kulak Burun Bogaz Ihtis Derg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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41. Onishi K, Maruyama Y, Okada E, Ogino A: Medial canthal reconstruction with glabellar combined Rintala flaps. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 Feb;119(2):537-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: Reconstruction by means of this procedure was performed in five patients with defects after resection of medial canthal basal cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Forehead / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17230086.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Seyhan T: The figure-of-eight radix nasi flap for medial canthal defects. J Craniomaxillofac Surg; 2010 Sep;38(6):455-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Basal cell carcinomas commonly involve the medial canthal region and reconstruction of medial canthal defects is a challenging problem in reconstructive surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Eyelid Neoplasms / surgery. Eyelids / surgery. Nose / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Facial Muscles / surgery. Female. Forehead / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Ophthalmic Artery / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20079658.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-4119
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniomaxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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43. Tausche AK, Sebastian G: Wound conditioning of a deep tissue defect including exposed bone after tumour excision using PROMOGRAN* Matrix, a protease-modulating matrix. Int Wound J; 2005 Sep;2(3):253-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A case study reporting on the successful treatment of a patient affected by a basal cell carcinoma is submitted.
  • Because the carcinoma had infiltrated deeply, a wide excision was necessary, including the removal of bone tissue.
  • The deep tissue defect was treated with PROMOGRAN* Matrix, a protease-modulating matrix, to promote granulation and ensure that the skin graft do survive and heal successfully.
  • The benefits of the dressing enabled a successful split-thickness skin grafting to be carried out which gave very good aesthetic and functional results.
  • [MeSH-major] Bandages, Hydrocolloid. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Mohs Surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation
  • [MeSH-minor] Cellulose, Oxidized. Collagen. Forehead. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16618330.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-4801
  • [Journal-full-title] International wound journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Wound J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cellulose, Oxidized; 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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44. Wu Y, Chai J, Liu C: [Repair of immedicable ulcer in skull cap with expanded bipedical axial flap in senile patients]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Sep;21(9):917-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Among them, the causes of disease were trauma in 1 case, infection in 1 case, squamous cell carcinoma in 2 cases, and basal cell carcinoma in 1 case.
  • The immedicable ulcer in skull cap was removed, then expanded bipedical axial flap in forehead was designed and transferred to the wound according to the size of the wound.
  • And the donor site was covered with odd expanded flap or split-thickness skin graft.
  • [MeSH-major] Forehead / surgery. Scalp / injuries. Surgical Flaps / blood supply. Tissue Expansion. Ulcer / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Graft Survival. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reoperation. Wound Healing / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17933221.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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45. Heppt W, Gubisch W: [Principles of nasal defect repair]. HNO; 2007 Jun;55(6):497-510
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The repair of nasal defects is a frequent challenge to facial plastic surgeons, mainly due to the high frequency of basal cell carcinomas.
  • For more extended defects, regional flaps such as the paramedian forehead flap are the method of choice.
  • These rules have to be modified for the nasal tip, the alar region, the columella and the vestibulum where free skin grafts and auricular composite grafts have to be considered.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods. Rhinoplasty / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 17486306.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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46. Papalkar D, Sharma S, Francis IC, Downie JA: Red eye and a rodent ulcer. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2006 Mar-Apr;22(2):131-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • On examination, she had extensive ulceration of her forehead, exposing a pulsating mass covered with white antiseptic powder.
  • Computed tomography demonstrated widespread erosion of the frontal bone, exposing the dura; histopathology confirmed the lesion to be basal cell carcinoma.
  • Despite three assessments of her eye by medical staff in the preceding 24 hours, the diagnosis of the extensive basal cell carcinoma had been missed as she had refused to lift her hair for a complete examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Diseases / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / secondary. Conjunctivitis / pathology. Corneal Ulcer / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / secondary. Frontal Bone / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16550059.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Jin HR, Jeong WJ: Reconstruction of nasal cutaneous defects in Asians. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2009 Oct;36(5):560-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: Majority of the defects (36/40) resulted from resection of a neoplasm.
  • Among tumors, basal cell carcinoma accounted for 75% (27/36) followed by squamous cell carcinoma 8% (3/36).
  • Local flap was used in 29 cases, primary closure in 6 cases, and skin graft in 5 cases.
  • Among local flaps, nasolabial flap was useful for defects of the ala and multiple subunits while large nasal tip defects needed forehead flap.
  • Asian skin characteristics influence the design, execution, and the outcomes of the local flap.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Cartilage / transplantation. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Skin / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps. Surgical Procedures, Operative / adverse effects. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19269755.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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48. Xing X, Xue C, Li J: [Reconstruction of nasal defect after tumor excision]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Jul;21(7):714-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: From April 1996 to April 2006, based on the aesthetic subunit principle and according to the size, shape, location of nasal defect and the conditions of surrounding skin, homologous local flap was selected to cover the nasal defect in 428 cases which nasal tumors were removed.
  • Among 428 cases, there were 273 men and 155 women, with a median age of 52 years (12-78 years); including 146 cases of basal cell carcinoma, 83 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 54 cases of epidermal cyst, and 145 cases of pigmented naevus.
  • The clinical stage of malignant tumor was 0-I stage, the course of disease was 1 week to 3 months.
  • The origin of flaps was frontonasal flap in 58 cases, bilobed flap in 67 cases, reforming rhomboid flap in 152 cases, nasolabial flap in 118 cases, forehead falp in 33 cases.
  • CONCLUSION: Based on the nasal aesthetic subunit principle, the local flap can reconstruct the nasal above medial defect, and a good color, contour and texture match with the surrounding skin can be obtained, the cosmetic results are satisfactory.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Rhinoplasty / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Wound Healing. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 17694661.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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49. Leibovitch I, Huilgol SC, Richards S, Paver R, Selva D: The Australian Mohs database: short-term recipient-site complications in full-thickness skin grafts. Dermatol Surg; 2006 Nov;32(11):1364-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The Australian Mohs database: short-term recipient-site complications in full-thickness skin grafts.
  • BACKGROUND: There are only a few reports on the outcome with full-thickness skin grafts (FTSG) in defect reconstruction after Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS).
  • METHODS: This study is based on a prospective data collection of all patients in Australia treated with MMS and monitored by the Skin and Cancer Foundation, between 1993 and 2002.
  • Most tumors were basal call carcinoma (90.9%) and were located on the nose (63.8%), periocular area (14.8%), or auricular area (8.1%).
  • [MeSH-major] Skin Neoplasms / epidemiology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Australia / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / etiology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / etiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Databases, Factual. Ear, External. Female. Forehead. Graft Survival. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mohs Surgery / statistics & numerical data. Nose. Postoperative Complications. Prospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17083589.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Chen WL, Yang ZH, Huang ZQ, Chai Q, Zhang DM: Facial contour reconstruction after benign tumor ablation using reverse facial-submental artery deepithelialized submental island flaps. J Craniofac Surg; 2010 Jan;21(1):83-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma in the cheek and inferior temple was present in 3 patients, and recurrent basal cell adenoma was present in 1.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Surgical Flaps / blood supply
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cheek. Female. Forehead. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Postoperative Complications. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20061969.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Xia SY, Yang DP, Chen WH, Xia HC: [Reconstruction of skin defect at frontal hair line with mastoid fasciocutaneous island flap]. Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 May;24(3):196-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Reconstruction of skin defect at frontal hair line with mastoid fasciocutaneous island flap].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reconstruction of skin defect at frontal and temporal hair line.
  • METHODS: 5 cases with skin defect at frontal and temporal hair line were treated with mastoid fasciocutaneous island flap pedicled with parietal branch of superficial temporal artery.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Mastoid fasciocutaneous island flap is a reliable method for reconstruction of skin defect at frontal and temporal hair line.
  • [MeSH-major] Fascia / transplantation. Skin Transplantation. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Female. Forehead / injuries. Humans. Male. Mastoid / surgery. Middle Aged. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Skin / injuries. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18717354.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-4598
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zheng xing wai ke za zhi = Zhonghua zhengxing waike zazhi = Chinese journal of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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52. Hansen C, Wilkinson D, Hansen M, Soyer HP: Factors contributing to incomplete excision of nonmelanoma skin cancer by Australian general practitioners. Arch Dermatol; 2009 Nov;145(11):1253-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Factors contributing to incomplete excision of nonmelanoma skin cancer by Australian general practitioners.
  • OBJECTIVE: To study rates of incomplete excision of basal (BCC) and squamous (SCC) cell cancer by Australian general practitioners with a special interest.
  • SETTING: A network of 15 primary care skin cancer clinics across Australia.
  • PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-seven physicians performing excisions of 9417 BCCs and SCCs in a single network of 15 primary care skin cancer clinics across Australia between 2005 and 2007.
  • Ears (74 of 388 excisions [19.1%]) and nose (78 of 546 [14.3%]) had the highest rates of incompletely excised BCCs, and ears (26 of 144 excisions [18.1%]) and forehead (20 of 157 [12.7%]) had the highest rates of incompletely excised SCCs.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Clinical Competence. Dermatology / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19917954.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-3652
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Nassab RS, Thomas SS, Murray D: Orbital exenteration for advanced periorbital skin cancers: 20 years experience. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2007;60(10):1103-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Orbital exenteration for advanced periorbital skin cancers: 20 years experience.
  • The majority of these were for basal cell carcinomas (53%).
  • Reconstructive techniques included split skin grafting (63%), forehead (25%), scalp (6%) and cervicofacial (6%) flaps.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Though there are various options available for reconstruction after orbital exenteration, a split skin graft and orbital prosthesis provide a simple solution for a very difficult problem of advanced periorbital skin cancer in the elderly population with significant comorbidities.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Orbit Evisceration. Orbital Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Melanoma / surgery. Middle Aged. Orbital Implants. Retrospective Studies. Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods. Surgical Flaps. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17434350.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-6815
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 43
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54. Salmon P, Stanway A: Nasalis flap and graft repair provides reliable closure for denuded defects of the nose. Dermatol Surg; 2005 Jun;31(6):692-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Skin cancer surgery involving the nasal tip and dorsum sometimes results in exposure of underlying bone or cartilage.
  • We describe a simple method of providing a vascular bed for the defect using the superficial nasalis musculoaponeurotic system (SNAS) of the nose, which allows full-thickness skin graft reconstruction of the defect and an acceptable cosmetic outcome.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The SNAS flap and graft are simple to perform and provide a reliable alternative to interpolated nasolabial or forehead flaps when the defect exposes significant bare cartilage or bone.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • [CommentIn] Dermatol Surg. 2010 Feb;36(2):227-34 [20402955.001]
  • (PMID = 15996422.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Wang SQ, Goldberg LH: Pulsed dye laser for the treatment of hypergranulation tissue with chronic ulcer in postsurgical defects. J Drugs Dermatol; 2007 Dec;6(12):1191-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The majority of the wounds were located on the scalp, forehead, and temple.
  • [MeSH-major] Granulation Tissue / surgery. Laser Therapy. Lasers, Dye / therapeutic use. Mohs Surgery. Postoperative Complications / surgery. Skin Ulcer / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Melanoma / surgery. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Squamous Cell / surgery. Retrospective Studies. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Wound Healing

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  • (PMID = 18189058.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-9616
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Drugs Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Cordova A, Di Lorenzo S, Moschella F: "Composite graft": a simple option for nasal lining. Int J Dermatol; 2007 Apr;46(4):417-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: We present our experience in the reconstruction of full-thickness losses of the substance of the nose using a forehead flap and a composite graft (taken from the anterior surface of the concha and adequately shaped) as both support and endonasal lining.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The use of a composite graft for internal lining and a forehead flap for external skin allowed is to obtain good results with minimal retraction.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Ear Cartilage / transplantation. Nose / surgery. Rhinoplasty / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 17442089.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-9059
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Kilinç H, Bilen BT: A new approach to retroauricular flap transfer: parietal branch-based reverse flow superior auricular artery island flap. Ann Plast Surg; 2006 Apr;56(4):380-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Total upper eyelid defect in 1 case, malar defect in 1 case, and forehead defects of various sizes in 4 cases were included in our study.
  • This flap is thought to be advantageous for the repair of defects and traumas of the forehead and upper eyelid as the pedicle does not develop torsion and dissection is easy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Occipital Bone / blood supply. Parietal Bone / blood supply. Preoperative Care. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Temporal Arteries / surgery. Temporal Arteries / transplantation

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  • (PMID = 16557067.001).
  • [ISSN] 0148-7043
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Motomura H, Taniguchi T, Harada T, Muraoka M: A combined flap reconstruction for full-thickness defects of the medial canthal region. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2006;59(7):747-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In our technique, a median forehead island flap is used for the nasal region, the anterior surface of the eyelid is reconstructed along aesthetic unit, and the posterior surface is reconstructed with a palatal mucoperiosteal graft.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Dermatologic Surgical Procedures. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16782572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-6815
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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59. Ulug BT, Kuran I: Nasal reconstruction based on subunit principle combined with turn-over island nasal skin flap for nasal lining restoration. Ann Plast Surg; 2008 Nov;61(5):521-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Nasal reconstruction based on subunit principle combined with turn-over island nasal skin flap for nasal lining restoration.
  • We performed nasal reconstruction combined with turn-over island nasal skin flap for nasal lining reconstruction in 12 patients who underwent full-thickness resection of nasal area because of skin cancer.
  • The external skin coverage, which was enlarged according to the subunit principle, was restored by the forehead skin flap at the same operation.
  • Enlarging the nasal defect according to the subunit principle and using the residual skin as a turn-over skin island flap for nasal lining, combined with forehead skin flap for external coverage, provides an excellent nasal reconstruction in a single operation.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Nasal Mucosa / physiology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Regeneration / physiology. Rhinoplasty / methods. Skin Transplantation / methods

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  • (PMID = 18948779.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3708
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Mureau MA, Moolenburgh SE, Levendag PC, Hofer SO: Aesthetic and functional outcome following nasal reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 Oct;120(5):1217-27; discussion 1228-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Defects were classified as skin only (13 percent), skin/cartilage (21 percent), and full thickness (66 percent).
  • Inner lining was reconstructed with local mucosa or turnover skin flaps.
  • Skin defects were reconstructed with forehead, nasolabial, cheek advancement, Abbé, facial artery perforator, or free radial forearm flaps.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures

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  • (PMID = 17898593.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Hunzeker CM, Soldano AC, Prystowsky S: Epidermodysplasia verruciformis. Dermatol Online J; 2008;14(5):2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A 29-year-old woman presented for evaluation of an ulcerated nodule on her right temple in the presence of numerous additional scaly papules, plaques, and seborrheic keratosis-like lesions that were distributed on her forehead, frontal scalp, and temples.
  • A biopsy specimen of the ulcerated nodule showed a nodular basal-cell carcinoma.
  • Two additional biopsy specimens from her forehead showed one invasive and one in-situ squamous-cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 18627738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Tsiliboti D, Antonopoulos D, Spyropoulos K, Naxakis S, Goumas P: Total nasal reconstruction using a prelaminated free radial forearm flap and porous polyethylene implants. J Reconstr Microsurg; 2008 Aug;24(6):449-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Standard techniques using either forehead or nasolabial flaps do not have a place in the case of extensive scarring on the face or areas with high risk of cancer recurrence on the face.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Polyethylene. Rhinoplasty / methods. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 18688765.001).
  • [ISSN] 0743-684X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of reconstructive microsurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reconstr Microsurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9002-88-4 / Polyethylene
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63. Heppt W: [Skin tumors in facial plastic surgery]. HNO; 2009 Apr;57(4):324-35
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Skin tumors in facial plastic surgery].
  • As the incidence of facial skin tumors is rising, otorhinolaryngologists are becoming more and more involved in the field of facial plastic surgery.
  • The most common tumor locations on the head are the sun-exposed areas such as the nose, forehead, cheek, and auricle.
  • The most common histologic findings are actinic keratosis and basal cell carcinoma.
  • In planning tumor resection and defect repair, many factors, including histology, size, and localization of the tumor as well as conditions of the adjacent skin, must be considered.
  • Because of skin laxity, most small and midsize facial defects can be closed directly or with high-tension sutures under skin expansion.
  • More extensive defects and those located in critical areas require pedicled flaps or free grafts transferring skin from adjacent or distant areas.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / trends. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / trends. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19347378.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0458
  • [Journal-full-title] HNO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HNO
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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64. Ulrich C, Johannsen A, Röwert-Huber J, Ulrich M, Sterry W, Stockfleth E: Results of a randomized, placebo-controlled safety and efficacy study of topical diclofenac 3% gel in organ transplant patients with multiple actinic keratoses. Eur J Dermatol; 2010 Jul-Aug;20(4):482-8
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  • Especially, invasive squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) in immuno-compromised patients are characterized by significantly increased morbidity and mortality and characteristically outnumber basal cell carcinoma in this population.
  • Patients who had stable status of the transplanted graft in the 12 months prior to entering the study and >/= 3 AK lesions in a contiguous 50 cm2 area on the face, forehead, hands or balding scalp were eligible for inclusion in the study.
  • Patients were assessed for safety variables that included adverse events, local skin reactions, laboratory results, dosage of immunosuppressive medication and indication of graft rejection.

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  • (PMID = 20507841.001).
  • [ISSN] 1167-1122
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of dermatology : EJD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Gels; 0 / Placebos; 144O8QL0L1 / Diclofenac; 9004-61-9 / Hyaluronic Acid
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65. Marchac D, de Lange A, Bine-bine H: A horizontal V-Y advancement lower eyelid flap. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2009 Oct;124(4):1133-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The diagnosis was basal cell carcinoma in 20 cases and melanoma in one case.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The lower eyelid is covered with remarkably thin skin, and for the repair of defects, especially after removal of basal cell carcinomas, it is preferable to avoid using tissues coming from another facial area (e.g., forehead, nose, or cheek), which has a different thickness and texture, or a full-thickness skin graft, which can leave a patch-like appearance.
  • The ideal is to use the adjacent eyelid skin.
  • For many years, the authors have used a horizontal large V-Y advancement flap on a muscular pedicle for the repair of lower eyelid defects, mostly after basocellular carcinoma excision, with very satisfactory results and often nearly invisible repairs.

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  • [CommentIn] Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Jun;125(6):1839; author reply 1839 [20517114.001]
  • [CommentIn] Plast Reconstr Surg. 2012 Jul;130(1):178e-180e; author reply 180e [22743904.001]
  • (PMID = 19935297.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Torio-Padron N, Bannasch H, Eisenhardt SU, Dowlatshahi AS, Stark GB: Surgical treatment of a basal cell carcinoma in the upper forehead area by combination of reconstructive and aesthetic surgical techniques. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg; 2010 Feb;63(2):e151-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgical treatment of a basal cell carcinoma in the upper forehead area by combination of reconstructive and aesthetic surgical techniques.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Cosmetic Techniques. Forehead / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19589740.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0539
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of plastic, reconstructive & aesthetic surgery : JPRAS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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67. Gajanan K, Ellsworth H, Ross G, Kumar P: Unusual complication of a forehead flap. Dermatol Surg; 2006 Jul;32(7):980
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unusual complication of a forehead flap.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Forehead / pathology. Forehead / surgery. Humans. Male. Nose / pathology. Nose / surgery. Postoperative Complications

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  • (PMID = 16875487.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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68. Wright BE, Osborne RF, Hamilton JS: Dorsal nasal flap for nasal reconstruction: the alternate forehead flap. Ear Nose Throat J; 2006 Nov;85(11):710, 713
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dorsal nasal flap for nasal reconstruction: the alternate forehead flap.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy. Forehead. Humans. Male. Nose / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17168144.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-5613
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Pajares Hachero B, Torres Sánchez E, Vicioso L, Gallego E, Jiménez B, Alba Conejo E: Metastatic basal cell carcinoma and Turner syndrome: an unusual coincidence. Eur J Dermatol; 2010 Nov-Dec;20(6):848-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Metastatic basal cell carcinoma and Turner syndrome: an unusual coincidence.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / secondary. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Turner Syndrome / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Forehead. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 20956112.001).
  • [ISSN] 1167-1122
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of dermatology : EJD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] France
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70. Thomaidis V, Seretis K, Fiska A, Tamiolakis D, Karpouzis A, Tsamis I: The scalping forehead flap in nasal reconstruction: report of 2 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2007 Mar;65(3):532-40
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Nasal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The scalping forehead flap in nasal reconstruction: report of 2 cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Forehead / surgery. Nose Deformities, Acquired / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Rhinoplasty / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Female. Humans. Neck Muscles / transplantation. Skin Transplantation

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  • (PMID = 17307604.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-2391
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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71. Redondo P: Geometric reconstructive surgery of the temple and lateral forehead: the best election for avoiding a graft. Dermatol Surg; 2008 Nov;34(11):1553-60
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Geometric reconstructive surgery of the temple and lateral forehead: the best election for avoiding a graft.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Forehead / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery.
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  • (PMID = 18798749.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Ullmann Y, Fodor L, Shoshani O, Rissin Y, Eldor L, Egozi D, Ramon Y: A novel approach to the use of the paramedian forehead flap for nasal reconstruction. Plast Reconstr Surg; 2005 Apr 15;115(5):1372-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Nasal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A novel approach to the use of the paramedian forehead flap for nasal reconstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 15809601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-4242
  • [Journal-full-title] Plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Plast. Reconstr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Ahmed S, Hussein SS, Philp B, Healy C: Use of biologic dressing as a temporary wound dressing in reconstruction of a significant forehead Mohs defect. Dermatol Surg; 2006 May;32(5):765-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of biologic dressing as a temporary wound dressing in reconstruction of a significant forehead Mohs defect.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Chondroitin Sulfates / therapeutic use. Collagen / therapeutic use. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Mohs Surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Skin, Artificial
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Forehead. Humans. Middle Aged. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures

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  • (PMID = 16706779.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / integra artificial skin; 9007-28-7 / Chondroitin Sulfates; 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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74. Ruiz-Araujo RM, Suárez-Fernández R, Campos-Domínguez M, Velázquez-Tarjuelo D, Lázaro-Ochaita P: Use of a glabellar skin graft for the repair of nasal tip and alar defects. Dermatol Surg; 2010 Apr;36(4):527-31
Faculty of 1000. commentaries/discussion - See the articles recommended by F1000Prime's Faculty of more than 8,000 leading experts in Biology and Medicine. (subscription/membership/fee required).

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of a glabellar skin graft for the repair of nasal tip and alar defects.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / surgery. Nose Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Forehead. Humans. Middle Aged. Nose / surgery. Suture Techniques. Treatment Outcome

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Nasal Cancer.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.
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  • [CommentIn] Dermatol Surg. 2010 Apr;36(4):532-3 [20402934.001]
  • (PMID = 20187895.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4725
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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