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6. Impellizeri JA, Howell K, McKeever KP, Crow SE: The role of rituximab in the treatment of canine lymphoma: an ex vivo evaluation. Vet J; 2006 May;171(3):556-8
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  • [Title] The role of rituximab in the treatment of canine lymphoma: an ex vivo evaluation.
  • Targeting the CD20 receptor that is common to many B-cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma subtypes in people, rituximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody which has significantly improved disease-free survival rates compared with the use of cytotoxic agents alone.
  • This study evaluated ex vivo canine B cell binding and depletion by rituximab with flow cytometric technique as possible proof of concept for treatment of canine lymphoma.
  • Despite immunohistochemistry supporting CD20 expression, rituximab did not bind or deplete canine B cells and it is unlikely that it will be added to the armamentarium of treatment options for canine lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Dog Diseases / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Dogs. Flow Cytometry / veterinary. Rituximab. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 16624725.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-0233
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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7. Carmagnat M, Drénou B, Chahal H, Lord JM, Charron D, Estaquier J, Mooney NA: Dissociation of caspase-mediated events and programmed cell death induced via HLA-DR in follicular lymphoma. Oncogene; 2006 Mar 23;25(13):1914-21
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  • [Title] Dissociation of caspase-mediated events and programmed cell death induced via HLA-DR in follicular lymphoma.
  • Human leukocyte antigens (HLA) class II antigen-mediated apoptosis has been documented in antigen-presenting cells and B lymphoproliferations.
  • Characteristics of the apoptosis include rapidity and selectivity for mature cells.
  • Follicular lymphomas are particularly refractory to apoptosis.
  • The B-cell lymphoma Ramos shares characteristics of this subgroup and is insensitive to apoptosis via simple HLA-DR engagement.
  • However, inhibition of caspase activation simply delayed the apoptotic phenotype but neither protected against cell death nor prevented mitochondrial injury.
  • Finally, blockade of caspase activation in parallel with HLA-DR mAb stimulation could provide a potent autovaccination stimulus by leading to necrotic death of B-cell lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis. Caspase Inhibitors. Caspases / metabolism. HLA-DR Antigens / physiology. Lymphoma, Follicular / genetics. Lymphoma, Follicular / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16301998.001).
  • [ISSN] 0950-9232
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncogene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncogene
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Caspase Inhibitors; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases
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8. Wulf GG, Boehnke A, Chapuy B, Glass B, Hemmerlein B, Schroers R, Brenner MK, Truemper L: CD45 monoclonal antibody-mediated cytolysis of human NK and T lymphoma cells. Haematologica; 2006 Jul;91(7):886-94
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  • [Title] CD45 monoclonal antibody-mediated cytolysis of human NK and T lymphoma cells.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The CD45 rat monoclonal IgG2b antibodies YTH24.5 and YTH54.12 act synergistically to produce cytolysis of normal lymphocytes and have been safely given to patients in conditioning regimens for allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
  • The antibodies are not lytic for hematopoietic stem cells, but the depletion of the lymphoid lineage cells is profound and sustained.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: We evaluated the YTH24.5 and YTH54.12 pair for complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC), antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC), and apoptotic and antiproliferative effects against a panel of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) cell lines and against primary specimens.
  • RESULTS: Significant CDC activity was observed against two of two NK and one of four T lymphoma cell lines; moderate activity was seen against two of four T, and four of eight B lymphoma cell lines.
  • In the responding cell lines, the lytic activity of YTH24.5 and YTH54.12 was as least as strong as that of alemtuzumab or antithymocyte globulin.
  • The combination of YTH24.5 and YTH54.12 also induced ADCC in one of two NK and two of four T lymphoma cell lines, as well as three primary specimens, but was ineffective in B-NHL.
  • The antibodies decreased viability in two of two NK and one lymphoma cell line, measurable as apoptosis or direct cell death in the cell lines NK92 and CEM, respectively.
  • In a tumor model of Jurkat lymphoma in SCID mice, administration of YTH24.5 and YTH54.12 impaired local tumor growth and delayed systemic disease progression.
  • INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: CD45 antibodies YTH24.5 and YTH54.12 have lytic activity against NK and T lymphoma cells via CDC and ADCC, are effective in a preclinical tumor model, and may be candidates for immunotherapeutic approaches to the treatment of human NK and T cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antigens, CD45 / immunology. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Animals. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cell Line, Tumor. Cytotoxicity, Immunologic. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Rats. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • [CommentIn] Haematologica. 2006 Jul;91(7):866A [16818265.001]
  • (PMID = 16818275.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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9. Sabah M, Cummins R, Leader M, Kay E: Immunoreactivity of p53, Mdm2, p21(WAF1/CIP1) Bcl-2, and Bax in soft tissue sarcomas: correlation with histologic grade. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol; 2007 Mar;15(1):64-9
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  • [Title] Immunoreactivity of p53, Mdm2, p21(WAF1/CIP1) Bcl-2, and Bax in soft tissue sarcomas: correlation with histologic grade.
  • Tumor growth depends on 2 distinctive pathways: cell proliferation and apoptosis.
  • The p53 pathway is an important regulator of the cell cycle as it triggers growth arrest or leads to apoptosis in response to cellular stress and therefore is commonly targeted during tumorigenesis.
  • Apoptosis is also controlled by the Bcl-2 family, which includes proapoptotic and antiapoptotic proteins.
  • Immunohistochemical stains for p21(WAF1/CIP1), p53, Mdm2, Bcl-2, and Bax proteins were carried out on tissue microarrays.
  • Expression of Bax protein was a common finding in soft tissue sarcoma cases.
  • Bcl-2 was identified in 59 tumors (38.8%) and was more prevalent in high-grade sarcomas (low grade, 25.9%; intermediate grade, 32.5%; high grade, 55.2%).
  • The expression of p53, p21(WAF1/CIP1), and Bcl-2 is closely associated with the histologic grade of the tumor, and therefore these proteins may be used as prognostic markers.

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  • (PMID = 17536310.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-2016
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology : AIMM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDKN1A protein, human; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
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10. Romesser PB, Perlman DH, Faller DV, Costello CE, McComb ME, Denis GV: Development of a malignancy-associated proteomic signature for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Am J Pathol; 2009 Jul;175(1):25-35
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  • [Title] Development of a malignancy-associated proteomic signature for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • The extreme pathological diversity of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas has made their accurate histological assessment difficult.
  • New diagnostics and treatment modalities are urgently needed for these lymphomas, particularly in drug development for cancer-specific targets.
  • Previously, we showed that a subset of B cell lymphoma, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, may be characterized by two major, orthogonal axes of gene expression: one set of transcripts that is differentially expressed between resting and proliferating, nonmalignant cells (ie, a "proliferative signature") and another set that is expressed only in proliferating malignant cells (ie, a "cancer signature").
  • A differential proteomic analysis of B cell proliferative states, similar to previous transcriptional profiling analyses, holds great promise either to reveal novel factors that participate in lymphomagenesis or to define biomarkers of onset or progression.
  • Here, we use a murine model of diffuse large B cell lymphoma to conduct unbiased two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry-based comparative proteomic analyses of malignant proliferating B cells and tissue-matched, normal resting, or normal proliferating cells.

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  • (PMID = 19498000.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-2191
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-030019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA128006; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-090116; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA075107-03; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-136129; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA102889-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA102889-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA084193; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-136129; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R29 CA075107-04; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-107084; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-080116; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HV / N01-HV-28178; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA075107-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA128006-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R29 CA075107-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA128006; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / N01HV28178; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-040020; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-030019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R29 CA075107; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA102889-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA102889; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-125184; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA075107-05; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-125184; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R03 CA128006-02; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-05S10020; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-05S10020; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-050020; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-118005; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-090116; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-118005; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA128006-01; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-050020; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA128006-02; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-040020; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR010888-080116; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR010888-107084; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA84193; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41-RR10888; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / S10-RR15942; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R29 CA075107-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA102889-01A1
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2708791
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11. Wessely MA, Kettner N, Pierre-Jerome C: Postlymphoproliferative disorder affecting bone after a renal transplantation. J Manipulative Physiol Ther; 2005 Jan;28(1):64-6
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  • [Title] Postlymphoproliferative disorder affecting bone after a renal transplantation.
  • OBJECTIVE: To illustrate a posttransplant lymphoproliferative lymphoma presenting as a solitary osseous lesion situated in the rib.
  • CLINICAL FEATURES: A 53-year-old man was referred to a surgical department because of persistent local pain over the lower part of his left posterior hemithorax.
  • The histological study of the surgically removed tissue revealed diffuse infiltration of the marrow by lymphoid-like cells.
  • There was evidence of interstitial fibrosis, and further immunohistochemical examination showed the presence of B cells in the specimen confirming the diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: This case report discusses an unusual presentation of a lymphoma induced by immunosuppressive therapy in a patient who had received an organ transplant.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / etiology. Immunosuppression / adverse effects. Kidney Transplantation. Lymphoma, B-Cell / etiology. Ribs

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  • (PMID = 15726037.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Manipulative Physiol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Jantunen E, Itälä M, Siitonen T, Koivunen E, Leppä S, Juvonen E, Kuittinen O, Lehtinen T, Koistinen P, Nyman H, Nousiainen T, Volin L, Remes K: Late non-relapse mortality among adult autologous stem cell transplant recipients: a nation-wide analysis of 1,482 patients transplanted in 1990-2003. Eur J Haematol; 2006 Aug;77(2):114-9
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  • [Title] Late non-relapse mortality among adult autologous stem cell transplant recipients: a nation-wide analysis of 1,482 patients transplanted in 1990-2003.
  • Data on the incidence and causes of late (>100 d) non-relapse mortality (NRM) in autologous stem cell transplant (ASCT) recipients is limited.
  • The most common diagnoses included non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) (n = 542), multiple myeloma (MM) (n = 528), breast cancer (n = 132); Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) (n = 86) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) (n = 63).
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms / surgery. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation / statistics & numerical data. Postoperative Complications / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy. Breast Neoplasms / surgery. Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality. Cause of Death. Cohort Studies. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Finland / epidemiology. Follow-Up Studies. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / surgery. Humans. Infection / mortality. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / drug therapy. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / surgery. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Multiple Myeloma / drug therapy. Multiple Myeloma / surgery. Neoplasms, Second Primary / mortality. Transplantation Conditioning / mortality. Transplantation, Autologous / mortality. Transplantation, Autologous / statistics & numerical data. Whole-Body Irradiation / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 16856906.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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13. He YF, Wei W, Sun ZM, Ji CS, Wang G, Chen MP, Hu CL, Hu B: Fatal lactic acidosis and hypoglycemia in a patient with relapsed natural killer/T-cell lymphoma. Adv Ther; 2007 May-Jun;24(3):505-9
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  • [Title] Fatal lactic acidosis and hypoglycemia in a patient with relapsed natural killer/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Presented here is the first reported case of natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma associated with lactic acidosis (LA) and hypoglycemia.
  • LA and hypoglycemia are rare complications of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • A 28-year-old male patient with NK/T-cell lymphoma had a relapse after 14 mo of initial remission and was admitted to the hospital because of altered mental status.
  • A very brief partial remission was achieved after a cycle of vincristine, dexamethasone, and L-asparaginase was given, but the disease recurred quickly after chemotherapy was discontinued and the patient did not respond to additional chemotherapy.
  • The case described here indicates that non-Hodgkin's lymphoma-induced LA portends a poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Acidosis, Lactic / etiology. Hypoglycemia / etiology. Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell / complications. Nose Neoplasms / complications


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4. Kojima M, Nakamura N, Shimizu K, Tamaki Y, Itoh H, Nakamura S: Marginal zone B-Cell lymphoma among primary B-Cell lymphoma of Waldeyer's ring: histopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 16 tonsillectomy specimens. Int J Surg Pathol; 2008 Apr;16(2):164-70
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  • [Title] Marginal zone B-Cell lymphoma among primary B-Cell lymphoma of Waldeyer's ring: histopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 16 tonsillectomy specimens.
  • Two subtypes of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (eg, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue [MALT] type and splenic type) have been reported in the lymph node.
  • To determine the presence or absence of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of MALT type and the splenic type among Waldeyer's ring (WR) lymphomas, 16 tonsillectomy specimens were studied.
  • Ten cases (63%) were marginal zone B-cell lymphoma.
  • Among marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, 7 were the MALT type and the remaining 3 cases of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma were the splenic type.
  • Moreover, 4 cases of 7 MALT-type lymphomas contained numerous large cells (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma arising from a low-grade marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of MALT type).
  • The low incidence of primary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type lymphoma of WR in previous reports may be because it is difficult to correctly identify the characteristic histologic findings of MALT-type lymphoma because of the small biopsy size.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoid Tissue / pathology. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / pathology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18417673.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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15. Park J, Kim M, Na G, Jeon I, Kwon YK, Kim JH, Youn H, Koo Y: Glucocorticoids modulate NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression by up-regulating FKBP51 expression in Newcastle disease virus-infected chickens. Mol Cell Endocrinol; 2007 Nov 15;278(1-2):7-17
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  • [Title] Glucocorticoids modulate NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression by up-regulating FKBP51 expression in Newcastle disease virus-infected chickens.
  • In this study, we found that the expression of FKBP51 mRNA in 12 organs of Newcastle disease virus (NDV)-infected chickens was robustly induced.
  • The level of corticosterone in NDV-infected chickens was also elevated, approximately 2- to 6.5-fold in the organs compared to non-infected control chickens.
  • In chicken UMNSAH/DF-1 cells, nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) was activated in an FKBP51-dependent manner.
  • Regulation of the three NF-kappaB-dependent, anti-apoptotic genes, bcl-2, bcl-x and bfl-1/A1 was investigated in UMNSAH/DF-1 cells.
  • Dexamethasone treatment of UMNSAH/DF-1 cells resulted in up-regulation of bcl-2, and down-regulation of bcl-x and bfl-1/A1.
  • Expression of FKBP51 also resulted in down-regulation of bfl-1/A1, but had no effect on bcl-2 and bcl-x, suggesting the involvement of glucocorticoid-FKBP51-NF-kappaB signaling in the regulation of expression of bfl-1/A1 in UMNSAH/DF-1 cells.
  • We observed organ-specific up- or down-regulation of expression of, bcl-2, bcl-x and bfl-1/A1 in NDV-infected and dexamethasone-treated chickens.
  • Differential regulation of bfl-1/A1, bcl-2 and bcl-x upon NDV-infection and dexamethasone treatment suggests that additional factors are involved in the regulation of these genes.
  • [MeSH-major] Chickens / virology. Gene Expression Regulation. Glucocorticoids / metabolism. NF-kappa B / metabolism. Newcastle disease virus. Tacrolimus Binding Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Apoptosis / genetics. Cell Line. Corticosterone / analysis. Corticosterone / metabolism. Dexamethasone / metabolism. Dexamethasone / pharmacology. Gene Expression / drug effects. HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / genetics. Tissue Distribution. bcl-X Protein / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17870233.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-7207
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Endocrinol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCL2-related protein A1; 0 / Glucocorticoids; 0 / HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins; 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / bcl-X Protein; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; EC 5.2.1.- / Tacrolimus Binding Proteins; EC 5.2.1.8 / tacrolimus binding protein 5; W980KJ009P / Corticosterone
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16. Martinez AE, Lin L, Dunphy CH: Grading of follicular lymphoma: comparison of routine histology with immunohistochemistry. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2007 Jul;131(7):1084-8
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  • [Title] Grading of follicular lymphoma: comparison of routine histology with immunohistochemistry.
  • CONTEXT: Follicular lymphoma (FL) grading is based on the average number of large transformed cells in 10 neoplastic follicles at x40 high-power field (x10-40 high-power field) examination (grade 1, 0-5 centroblasts per high-power field; grade 2, 6-15 centroblasts per high-power field; grade 3, >15 centroblasts per high-power field).
  • DESIGN: Forty-three FLs initially graded by World Health Organization criteria (grade 1, 12; grade 2, 18; grade 3, 13) were reviewed and stained with CD3, CD20, Ki-67, CD30, CD68, PAX-5, and BCL-6.
  • Retrospective review was performed for the average number of large cells, of large lymphoid cells, of large cells staining with CD3, CD20, BCL-6 (40 cases), and PAX-5, and of all cells staining with CD68, Ki-67, and CD30.
  • CD3 and CD30 stained only 0 to 3 large cells and 0 to 3 cells, respectively, in neoplastic follicles.
  • CD68+ cells represented the large nonlymphoid cells.
  • Increasing FL grades demonstrated increases in Ki-67+ cells.
  • The original grade showed substantial agreement with CD20 and moderate agreement with PAX-5 and BCL-6.
  • The original histologic grade agreed with immunohistochemical-based grade using 2 or more antibodies in 5 of 8 discordant cases (4 by CD20 or BCL-6 and PAX-5; 1 by CD20, PAX-5, and BCL-6).
  • Immunohistochemical stains (ie, CD20, PAX-5, and BCL-6) may more reliably determine the number of large transformed cells in neoplastic follicles; Ki-67 staining correlates with higher FL grades.
  • Immunohistochemical stains may be evaluated in clinical trials of FL patients to determine prognostic significance.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Follicular / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD. Antigens, CD20 / analysis. Antigens, CD3 / analysis. Antigens, CD30 / analysis. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic. B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein / analysis. DNA-Binding Proteins / analysis. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17616995.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Antigens, CD30; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein; 0 / BCL6 protein, human; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / PAX5 protein, human
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17. Cao X, Rodarte C, Zhang L, Morgan CD, Littlejohn J, Smythe WR: Bcl2/bcl-xL inhibitor engenders apoptosis and increases chemosensitivity in mesothelioma. Cancer Biol Ther; 2007 Feb;6(2):246-52
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  • [Title] Bcl2/bcl-xL inhibitor engenders apoptosis and increases chemosensitivity in mesothelioma.
  • Mesothelioma is a neoplasm of the pleura that is currently incurable by conventional therapies.
  • Previously, we demonstrated that mesothelioma overexpresses BCL-X(L), an anti-apoptotic member of the BCL-2 family.
  • In addition, we have shown that down regulation of BCL-X(L) using a BCL-X(L) antisense oligonucleotide engenders mesothelioma apoptotic cell death in vitro and in vivo.
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of bcl2/bcl-x(L) inhibitor, 2-methoxy antimycin A3, in inducing apoptosis and increasing chemo-sensitivity in vitro and in vivo.
  • Several bcl-x(L) high-expression tumor cell lines and one normal human cell line were exposed to 2-methoxy antimycin A3.
  • 2-methoxy antimycin A3 demonstrated significant growth inhibition only in these tumor cell lines, with little effect on normal human cells.
  • Treatment with 2-methoxy antimycin A3 alone resulted in a dramatic increase in the induction of apoptosis in the cancer cells.
  • Notably, treatment with 2-methoxy antimycin A3 does not alter BCL-2 family protein expression.
  • Together, these findings indicate that exposure of cancer cells to small molecule Bcl-2/x(L) inhibitors such as 2-methoxy antimycin A3 alone, or in the combination with other chemotherapeutics, may represent a novel therapeutic strategy in treatment of cancer, especially mesothelioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimycin A / pharmacology. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / pharmacology. Genes, bcl-2 / drug effects. Mesothelioma / drug therapy. Pleural Neoplasms / drug therapy. bcl-X Protein / drug effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Apoptosis / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Humans. In Vitro Techniques

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  • [CommentIn] Cancer Biol Ther. 2007 Mar;6(3):465-6 [17471026.001]
  • (PMID = 17224645.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-4047
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer biology & therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Biol. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCL2L1 protein, human; 0 / bcl-X Protein; 642-15-9 / Antimycin A
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18. Hashmi MH, Van Veldhuizen PJ: Interleukin-21: updated review of Phase I and II clinical trials in metastatic renal cell carcinoma, metastatic melanoma and relapsed/refractory indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Expert Opin Biol Ther; 2010 May;10(5):807-17
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  • [Title] Interleukin-21: updated review of Phase I and II clinical trials in metastatic renal cell carcinoma, metastatic melanoma and relapsed/refractory indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • IMPORTANCE TO THE FIELD: In advanced renal cell cancer and malignant melanoma, the current FDA approved immune modulators, such as IL-2, are the only agents which provide a durable complete remission.
  • In this review, we evaluate the development, pharmacologic properties, safety profile and current clinical efficacy of rIL-21.
  • TAKE HOME MESSAGE: rIL-21 has an acceptable safety profile and encouraging single agent activity in early phase renal cell carcinoma and melanoma clinical trials.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / drug therapy. Clinical Trials, Phase I as Topic. Clinical Trials, Phase II as Topic. Immunotherapy / methods. Interleukins / therapeutic use. Kidney Neoplasms / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Melanoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 20384523.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-7682
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert opinion on biological therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Opin Biol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Interleukins; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / interleukin-21
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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19. McNees AL, White ZS, Zanwar P, Vilchez RA, Butel JS: Specific and quantitative detection of human polyomaviruses BKV, JCV, and SV40 by real time PCR. J Clin Virol; 2005 Sep;34(1):52-62
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  • Additionally, SV40 is associated with several types of human cancers including primary brain and bone cancers, mesotheliomas, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Advancements in detection of these viruses may contribute to improved diagnosis and treatment of affected patients.
  • A quantitative assay to measure the single copy human RNAse P gene was also developed and evaluated in order to normalize viral gene copy numbers to cell numbers.
  • CONCLUSION: These assays provide a technique for rapid and specific quantification of polyomavirus genomes per cell in human samples.

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  • (PMID = 16087125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1386-6532
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA09197; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA104818; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA96951
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Oligonucleotide Probes
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20. Pilka R, Mícková I, Lubuský M, Dusková M, Rícánková M, Kudela M: [Expression of p53, Ki-67, bcl-2, c-erb-2, estrogen, and progesterone receptors in endometrial cancer]. Ceska Gynekol; 2008 Jul;73(4):222-7
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  • [Title] [Expression of p53, Ki-67, bcl-2, c-erb-2, estrogen, and progesterone receptors in endometrial cancer].
  • [Transliterated title] Exprese p53, Ki-67, bcl-2, c-erb-2, estrogenového, a progesteronového receptoru v endometriálním karcinomu.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the immunohistochemical expression of p53, bcl-2, c-erb-2, Ki-67, estrogen and progesterone receptors in endometrial cancer patients.
  • METHODS: We studied 103 cases of primary untreated endometrial carcinoma in which the p53, bcl-2, c-erb-2, Ki-67, estrogen and progesterone receptor antigens were investigated by an immunohistochemical method.
  • We evaluated the correlations among the immunohistochemical staining assessed by histoscore, and the age, grading, depth of invasion, stage of the neoplasia and extrauterine disease.
  • p53, bcl-2, c-erb-2, Ki-67, estrogen and progesterone receptors were positive in 49 (48%), 81 (79%).
  • There was no clear association between immunohistochemical parameters and the age of patients. p53 and Ki-67 overexpression was found to be related to poor grade of differentiation, deeper myometrial invasion, advanced stage of neoplasia and extrauterine spread of disease.
  • Immunostaining for bcl-2 correlated inversely with FIGO stage, while c-erb-2 was overexpressed in tumors with deeper myometrial invasion.
  • Estrogen and progesterone receptor positive tumors showed a statistically significant association with clinicopathological parameters of better clinical outcome.
  • CONCLUSION: The overexpression of p53 and Ki-67 seems to indicate more malignant phenotype, while bcl-2 and c-erb-2 may have a limited role in the identification of high-risk tumors.

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  • (PMID = 18711961.001).
  • [ISSN] 1210-7832
  • [Journal-full-title] Ceska gynekologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ceska Gynekol
  • [Language] CZE
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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21. Zhong M, Wike LJ, Ryaby JT, Carney DH, Boyan BD, Schwartz Z: Thrombin peptide TP508 prevents nitric oxide mediated apoptosis in chondrocytes in the endochondral developmental pathway. Biochim Biophys Acta; 2008 Jan;1783(1):12-22
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  • Apoptosis was assessed as a function of DNA fragmentation ([3H]-thymidine labeled DNA fragments), TUNEL staining, and cell viability using the MTT assay, as well as by assessing the Bcl-2/Bax mRNA and protein ratios and caspase-3 activity.
  • TP508 also regulated Bcl-2/Bax mRNA in a time and dose-dependent manner.
  • The Bcl-2/Bax mRNA ratio was 0.11 in the absence of TP508 at 1h and 4.95 at 7microg/ml TP508; by 3h the ratio was approximately 1 in both groups.
  • The Bcl-2/Bax protein ratio also increased by 63% at 1h.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cells, Cultured. Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects. NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester / pharmacology. Nitric Oxide Synthase / metabolism. Protein Kinase C / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Rats. Rats, Sprague-Dawley

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  • (PMID = 18023291.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-3002
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochimica et biophysica acta
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochim. Biophys. Acta
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Peptide Fragments; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / rusalatide acetate; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase; EC 2.7.11.13 / Protein Kinase C; EC 3.4.21.5 / Thrombin; V55S2QJN2X / NG-Nitroarginine Methyl Ester
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22. Sbitti Y, Ismaili N, Bensouda Y, Kadiri H, Ichou M, Errihani H: Management of stage one and two-E gastric large B-cell lymphoma: chemotherapy alone or surgery followed by chemotherapy? J Hematol Oncol; 2010;3:23
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  • [Title] Management of stage one and two-E gastric large B-cell lymphoma: chemotherapy alone or surgery followed by chemotherapy?
  • Management of localized primary gastric B lymphoma (PGL) remains controversial.
  • MATERIALS: Records of all patients with a diagnosis of gastric lymphoma and which were treated in the National Institute of Oncology, between 1999 and 2006, were reviewed and patients fulfilling the following criteria were included in this study: histologically proven large-cell B lymphoma of the stomach; complete clinical information stage I/II disease according to the Musshoff staging; patients who received surgery followed by chemotherapy (group I) or chemotherapy alone (group II).
  • All clinical and pathological features were similar between the two groups, except that patients of group-I had significantly more stage II disease (P = 0.023) than that of group II.
  • Among the 52 patients who could be evaluated for response to chemotherapy, there were 45 who had complete response to treatment, 3 had partial response to the treatment and 4 had progressive disease.
  • CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that chemotherapy alone may be a reasonable alternative treatment for stage I/II gastric large-cell lymphoma but this result must be confirmed by prospective randomized clinical trials.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Gastrectomy. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / surgery. Stomach Neoplasms / drug therapy. Stomach Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use. Doxorubicin / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Vincristine / therapeutic use. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20569496.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-8722
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hematology & oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2901218
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23. Nencioni L, De Chiara G, Sgarbanti R, Amatore D, Aquilano K, Marcocci ME, Serafino A, Torcia M, Cozzolino F, Ciriolo MR, Garaci E, Palamara AT: Bcl-2 expression and p38MAPK activity in cells infected with influenza A virus: impact on virally induced apoptosis and viral replication. J Biol Chem; 2009 Jun 5;284(23):16004-15
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  • [Title] Bcl-2 expression and p38MAPK activity in cells infected with influenza A virus: impact on virally induced apoptosis and viral replication.
  • Previous reports have shown that various steps in the influenza A virus life cycle are impaired in cells expressing the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2 (Bcl-2(+) cells).
  • We demonstrated a direct link between Bcl-2 and the reduced nuclear export of viral ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) complexes in these cells.
  • However, despite its negative impact on viral replication, Bcl-2 did not prevent host cells from undergoing virally triggered apoptosis.
  • In infected Bcl-2(+) cells, activated p38MAPK was found predominantly in the cytoplasm, colocalized with Bcl-2, and both Bcl-2 phosphorylation and virally induced apoptosis were diminished by specific inhibition of p38MAPK activity.
  • In contrast, in Bcl-2-negative (Bcl-2(-)) cells, which are fully permissive to viral infection, p38MAPK activity was predominantly nuclear, and its inhibition decreased vRNP traffic, phosphorylation of viral nucleoprotein, and virus titers in cell supernatants, suggesting that this kinase also contributes to the regulation of vRNP export and viral replication.
  • This could explain why in Bcl-2(+) cells, where p38MAPK is active in the cytoplasm, phosphorylating Bcl-2, influenza viral replication is substantially reduced, whereas apoptosis proceeds at rates similar to those observed in Bcl-2(-) cells.
  • Our findings suggest that the impact of p38MAPK on the influenza virus life cycle and the apoptotic response of host cells to infection depends on whether or not the cells express Bcl-2, highlighting the possibility that the pathological effects of the virus are partly determined by the cell type it targets.
  • [MeSH-major] Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype / physiology. Kidney / physiology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / genetics. p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Apoptosis. Cell Line. DNA Primers. Dogs. Down-Regulation. Humans. Life Cycle Stages. Plasmids. Polymerase Chain Reaction. RNA, Small Interfering / genetics. Transfection. Virus Replication

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  • (PMID = 19336399.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9258
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of biological chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Biol. Chem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; EC 2.7.11.24 / p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2708894
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24. Galteland E, Sivertsen EA, Svendsrud DH, Smedshammer L, Kresse SH, Meza-Zepeda LA, Myklebost O, Suo Z, Mu D, Deangelis PM, Stokke T: Translocation t(14;18) and gain of chromosome 18/BCL2: effects on BCL2 expression and apoptosis in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Leukemia; 2005 Dec;19(12):2313-23
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  • [Title] Translocation t(14;18) and gain of chromosome 18/BCL2: effects on BCL2 expression and apoptosis in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.
  • Gain of chromosome 18q and translocation t(14;18) are] frequently found in B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (B-NHL).
  • BCL2 protein was expressed in >75% of the tumor cells in 92% of the cases by immunohistochemistry.
  • The tumor cell (spontaneous) apoptotic fractions were similar for the cases with different BCL2 genotypes.
  • However, the normal cell apoptotic fractions were higher for the tumors with t(14;18) compared to the tumors without BCL2 alterations, while the tumors with gain of BCL2 only showed intermediate levels.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / genetics. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18. Lymphoma, B-Cell / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16193090.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
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25. Marmey B, Boix C, Barbaroux JB, Dieu-Nosjean MC, Diebold J, Audouin J, Fridman WH, Mueller CG, Molina TJ: CD14 and CD169 expression in human lymph nodes and spleen: specific expansion of CD14+CD169- monocyte-derived cells in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Hum Pathol; 2006 Jan;37(1):68-77
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  • [Title] CD14 and CD169 expression in human lymph nodes and spleen: specific expansion of CD14+CD169- monocyte-derived cells in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.
  • The mononuclear phagocyte system of human lymphoid tissue comprises macrophages and dendritic cells (DCs).
  • The heterogeneity of the non-DC mononuclear phagocyte population in human lymphoid tissue has been little addressed.
  • Here, we studied the expression of 2 monocyte-derived markers, CD14 and CD169 (sialoadhesin), in reactive human lymphoid tissue as well as in a series of 51 B-cell lymphomas by immunohistochemistry on paraffin-embedded tissue.
  • We confirmed that lymph node sinusoidal monocyte-derived cells were the only population staining for CD169.
  • Although most sinusoidal histiocytes also expressed CD14, monocyte-derived cells with phagocytosis such as erythrophagocytosis, anthracosis, or tingible bodies macrophage lacked CD14 and CD169.
  • Among B-cell lymphomas, splenic marginal zone lymphoma was the only one associated with an expansion of the CD14(+)CD169(+) cells in the cords.
  • With respect to nodal B-cell lymphomas, CD14(+) cells were rare among B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia, follicular lymphoma (FL), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL).
  • However, strikingly, we found a strong expansion of CD14(+)CD169(-) cells in numerous diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs), except in cases associated with numerous mitoses, apoptotic bodies, and tingible bodies macrophages.
  • When cultivated in granulocyte/macrophage colony stimulating factor/interleukin 4, DLBCL purified CD14(+) cells differentiate into plasmacytoid cells, expressing DC-specific intercellular adhesion molecule 3-grabbing nonintegrin, suggesting dendritic cell differentiation potential.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD14 / metabolism. Lymph Nodes / metabolism. Lymphoma, B-Cell / metabolism. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / metabolism. Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism. Monocytes / metabolism. Receptors, Immunologic / metabolism. Spleen / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Separation. Dendritic Cells / metabolism. Dendritic Cells / pathology. Flow Cytometry. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Direct. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Lymphadenitis / metabolism. Lymphadenitis / pathology. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 1

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  • (PMID = 16360418.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Receptors, Immunologic; 0 / SIGLEC1 protein, human; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 1
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26. Sørensen RB, Hadrup SR, Køllgaard T, Svane IM, thor Straten P, Andersen MH: Efficient tumor cell lysis mediated by a Bcl-X(L) specific T cell clone isolated from a breast cancer patient. Cancer Immunol Immunother; 2007 Apr;56(4):527-33
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  • [Title] Efficient tumor cell lysis mediated by a Bcl-X(L) specific T cell clone isolated from a breast cancer patient.
  • Based on the detection of spontaneous immune responses in cancer patients with cancer of different origin, Bcl-X(L) was recently described as a highly interesting tumor antigen recognized by CD8 positive cytotoxic T lymphocytes.
  • To further characterize Bcl-X(L) as a tumor antigen we isolated and expanded Bcl-X(L) specific T cells from the peripheral blood of a breast cancer patient hosting a strong Bcl-X(L) specific T cell response.
  • We describe that HLA-A2 restricted Bcl-X(L) specific T cell clones very efficiently lyse peptide pulsed T2 cells.
  • Furthermore, tumor cell lines of different origin, i.e., breast cancer, colon cancer, and melanoma, are efficiently lysed in an HLA-dependent manner.
  • Finally, ex vivo-isolated leukemia cells, but not non-malignant B and T cells are killed by Bcl-X(L) specific T cells.
  • Our data underline Bcl-X(L) as an universal tumor antigen widely applicable in specific anticancer immunotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / immunology. Breast Neoplasms / immunology. Neoplasms / immunology. T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / immunology. bcl-X Protein / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Clone Cells. Cytotoxicity, Immunologic. Female. Flow Cytometry. HLA-A2 Antigen. Humans. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 16850344.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-7004
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Immunol. Immunother.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / HLA-A2 Antigen; 0 / bcl-X Protein
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27. Takada E, Hata K, Mizuguchi J: Requirement for JNK-dependent upregulation of BimL in anti-IgM-induced apoptosis in murine B lymphoma cell lines WEHI-231 and CH31. Exp Cell Res; 2006 Nov 15;312(19):3728-38
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  • [Title] Requirement for JNK-dependent upregulation of BimL in anti-IgM-induced apoptosis in murine B lymphoma cell lines WEHI-231 and CH31.
  • The cross-linking of B cell receptor (BCR) undergoes growth arrest, accompanied by apoptosis, in the CH31 and WEHI-231 B lymphoma cells, a model representing primary immature B cells.
  • In unstimulated cells, BimL protein was complexed with Bcl-x(L) and changed the partner to associate with Bax on the mitochondrial membrane after ligation of BCR, leading to initiation of apoptotic processes.
  • Retroviral transduction of BimL into WEHI-231 cells overexpressing dominant-negative form of JNK1 (dnJNK1) resulted in a comparable level of apoptotic cells to control cells, whereas the BimL-mediated apoptosis was partially prevented by Bcl-x(L).
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / genetics. JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism. Lymphoma, B-Cell / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic / administration & dosage. Apoptosis / immunology. Base Sequence. Biological Transport, Active. Cell Line, Tumor. DNA Primers / genetics. Immunoglobulin M. Mice. Protein Isoforms / genetics. Protein Isoforms / metabolism. Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell / metabolism. Recombinant Proteins / genetics. Recombinant Proteins / metabolism. Transduction, Genetic. Up-Regulation. bcl-2-Associated X Protein / metabolism. bcl-X Protein / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17007835.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-4827
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental cell research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Cell Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic; 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / Bax protein, mouse; 0 / Bcl-2-like protein 11; 0 / Bcl2l1 protein, mouse; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Immunoglobulin M; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Protein Isoforms; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; 0 / bcl-X Protein; EC 2.7.11.24 / JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
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28. Falagas ME, Rafailidis PI, Kapaskelis A, Peppas G: Pyomyositis associated with hematological malignancy: case report and review of the literature. Int J Infect Dis; 2008 Mar;12(2):120-5
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  • We present herein a relevant case and also review the available literature regarding the association of non-tropical pyomyositis and hematological malignancies.
  • The case patient, a 46-year old female, had non-tropical pyomyositis of the iliopsoas and obturator muscles due to Staphylococcus aureus and underlying Hodgkin's disease.
  • Forty-four patients with pyomyositis and an associated hematological malignant disease have been reported in the literature.
  • The most common types of hematological oncology diseases found were acute lymphocytic leukemia (present in 11/44 patients (25%)) and multiple myeloma (7/44 patients (15.9%)).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Hodgkin Disease / complications. Hodgkin Disease / diagnosis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Multiple Myeloma / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17723316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1201-9712
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of infectious diseases : IJID : official publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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29. Coupland SE, Joussen A, Anastassiou G, Stein H: Diagnosis of a primary uveal extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma by chorioretinal biopsy: case report. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol; 2005 May;243(5):482-6
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  • [Title] Diagnosis of a primary uveal extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma by chorioretinal biopsy: case report.
  • PURPOSE: To report the clinical, histopathological and molecular biological findings of a primary extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (EMZL) of the uvea.
  • RESULTS: Histological examination of the chorioretinal biopsy demonstrated a dense infiltrate of small centrocyte-like cells, plasmacytoid tumour cells and occasional blasts.
  • The tumour cells were positive for CD20, showed monotypical expression for Ig-kappa and IgM, and a growth fraction of 10%.
  • Clonality analysis using IgH-PCR disclosed a monoclonal B-cell population.
  • Despite its rarity, ophthalmic pathologists should consider the diagnosis of a primary uveal EMZL when reviewing chorioretinal biopsies.
  • [MeSH-major] Choroid / pathology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / diagnosis. Retina / pathology. Uveal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15586289.001).
  • [ISSN] 0721-832X
  • [Journal-full-title] Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Graefes Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
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30. Fragou M, Karakitsos D, Kalogeromitros A, Samonis G, Karabinis A: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma presenting as an ischemic stroke in a 23-year-old woman: a case report and review of the literature. J Med Case Rep; 2009;3:83
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  • [Title] Peripheral T-cell lymphoma presenting as an ischemic stroke in a 23-year-old woman: a case report and review of the literature.
  • INTRODUCTION: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma of the unspecified variant is a highly aggressive subtype of T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • This is the first reported case of this type of lymphoma presenting as an ischemic stroke in a woman.
  • A biopsy of an enlarged inguinal lymph node of the patient, combined with an immunophenotypic analysis, revealed an unspecified variant of peripheral T-cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma of the unspecified variant is a highly aggressive subtype of peripheral T-cell lymphomas.
  • The latter exhibit no consistent immunophenotypic, genetic, or clinical features.
  • Clinicians should be aware of atypical clinical presentations of the above lymphomas such as ischemic stroke.

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  • (PMID = 19946559.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2783082
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31. Flygare J, Gustafsson K, Kimby E, Christensson B, Sander B: Cannabinoid receptor ligands mediate growth inhibition and cell death in mantle cell lymphoma. FEBS Lett; 2005 Dec 19;579(30):6885-9
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  • [Title] Cannabinoid receptor ligands mediate growth inhibition and cell death in mantle cell lymphoma.
  • We have earlier reported overexpression of the central and peripheral cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), a B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • In this study, treatment with cannabinoid receptor ligands caused a decrease in viability of MCL cells, while control cells lacking CB1 were not affected.
  • Moreover, treatment with the CB1/CB2 agonist Win-55,212-2 caused a decrease in long-term growth of MCL cells in culture.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Death / drug effects. Cell Division / drug effects. Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / pathology. Receptors, Cannabinoid / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Arachidonic Acids / pharmacology. Benzoxazines. Biopsy. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists. Cannabinoid Receptor Antagonists. Cannabinoids / pharmacology. Cell Line. Cell Line, Transformed. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Transformation, Viral. Cells, Cultured. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Endocannabinoids. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Leukemia, Plasma Cell / pathology. Ligands. Mice. Morpholines / pharmacology. Naphthalenes / pharmacology. Piperidines / pharmacology. Polyunsaturated Alkamides. Pyrazoles / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 16337199.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-5793
  • [Journal-full-title] FEBS letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] FEBS Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Arachidonic Acids; 0 / Benzoxazines; 0 / Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists; 0 / Cannabinoid Receptor Antagonists; 0 / Cannabinoids; 0 / Endocannabinoids; 0 / Ligands; 0 / Morpholines; 0 / Naphthalenes; 0 / Piperidines; 0 / Polyunsaturated Alkamides; 0 / Pyrazoles; 0 / Receptors, Cannabinoid; 134959-51-6 / Win 55212-2; 158681-13-1 / rimonabant; 94421-68-8 / anandamide
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32. Gandhi K, Parikh P, Aronow WS, Desai H, Amin H, Sharma M, Rubinstein A: A case of explosive progression of hepatocellular carcinoma in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). J Gastrointest Cancer; 2010 Dec;41(4):281-4
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  • OBJECTIVE: While it is well known that patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) are predisposed to various malignancies, primarily non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and gastric carcinomas, to our knowledge no cases of hepatocellular carcinoma have been reported in the absence of preexisting liver disease.
  • METHOD AND RESULTS: We report a 50-year-old male patient with CVID with a B- and T-cell deficiency.
  • The patient was on prophylactic intravenous gammaglobulin and had received several years earlier a course of rituximab for an autoimmune disorder.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although patients with CVID are predisposed to malignancies such as lymphoma and adenocarcinoma of the stomach, rapidly progressive hepatocellular carcinoma in the absence of any preexisting liver disease has not been described.
  • [MeSH-minor] Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use. Male. Middle Aged

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  • [Cites] Int Arch Allergy Immunol. 2009;150(4):311-24 [19571563.001]
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  • (PMID = 20473587.001).
  • [ISSN] 1941-6636
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gastrointest Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunologic Factors
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33. Long HM, Parsonage G, Fox CP, Lee SP: Immunotherapy for Epstein-Barr virus-associated malignancies. Drug News Perspect; 2010 May;23(4):221-8
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  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is present in the malignant cells of several human cancers including post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD), Hodgkin's lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, natural killer/T lymphomas and Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Yet in > 90% of the world's adult population, who carry EBV as a lifelong asymptomatic infection, the oncogenic potential of this virus is controlled by a strong virus-specific T-cell response.
  • Accordingly, EBV-associated malignancies represent good candidates for a T-cell-based therapy and provide an important model for developing such therapies for other human cancers.
  • This review summarizes the impressive results seen with T-cell therapy for PTLD and discusses, in the light of recent technological advances, the prospects for developing more effective approaches for other EBV-associated cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects. Immunotherapy. Lymphoproliferative Disorders / therapy. Neoplasms / therapy. Organ Transplantation / adverse effects. T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Herpesvirus 4, Human / physiology. Humans. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / physiology. Virus Latency

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20520851.001).
  • [ISSN] 0214-0934
  • [Journal-full-title] Drug news & perspectives
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Drug News Perspect.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
  • [Number-of-references] 77
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34. Linzmann H, Brunnberg L, Gruber AD, Klopfleisch R: A neurotropic lymphoma in the brachial plexus of a cat. J Feline Med Surg; 2009 Jun;11(6):522-4
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  • [Title] A neurotropic lymphoma in the brachial plexus of a cat.
  • A 7-year-old, intact male domestic shorthair cat was presented with a progressive, non-weight-bearing lameness of the right forelimb.
  • Further clinical, radiological and pathological findings lead to a diagnosis of a primary, neurotropic B-cell lymphoma in the brachial plexus.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachial Plexus. Cat Diseases / diagnosis. Lymphoma, B-Cell / veterinary. Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 19135398.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-612X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of feline medicine and surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Feline Med. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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35. Andréasson U, Ek S, Merz H, Rosenquist R, Andersen N, Jerkeman M, Dictor M, Borrebaeck CA: B cell lymphomas express CX3CR1 a non-B cell lineage adhesion molecule. Cancer Lett; 2008 Feb 8;259(2):138-45
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  • [Title] B cell lymphomas express CX3CR1 a non-B cell lineage adhesion molecule.
  • To study the differential expression of cell membrane-bound receptors and their potential role in growth and/or survival of the tumor cells, highly purified follicular lymphoma cells were analyzed, using gene expression analysis, and compared to non-malignant B cell populations.
  • Filtering the genome for overexpressed genes coding for cell membrane-bound proteins/receptors resulted in a hit list of 27 identified genes.
  • Among these, we have focused on the aberrant over expression of CX3CR1, in different types of B cell lymphoma, as compared to non-malignant B cells.
  • We show that CX3CR1, which normally is not expressed on B cells, is expressed both at the mRNA and protein level in several subtypes of lymphoma.
  • CX3CR1 has also shown to be involved in the homing to specific tissues that express the ligand, CX3CL1, in breast and prostate cancer and may thus be involved in dissemination of lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / immunology. Lymphoma, Follicular / immunology. Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / immunology. Palatine Tonsil / immunology. Receptors, Chemokine / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Separation. Flow Cytometry. Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. RNA, Messenger / analysis

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  • (PMID = 18060687.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3835
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CX3CR1 protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Chemokine
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36. Hara T, Omura-Minamisawa M, Chao C, Nakagami Y, Ito M, Inoue T: Bcl-2 inhibitors potentiate the cytotoxic effects of radiation in Bcl-2 overexpressing radioresistant tumor cells. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2005 Feb 1;61(2):517-28
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  • [Title] Bcl-2 inhibitors potentiate the cytotoxic effects of radiation in Bcl-2 overexpressing radioresistant tumor cells.
  • PURPOSE: Bcl-2, an inhibitor of apoptosis frequently shows elevated expression in human tumors, thus resulting in resistance to radiation therapy.
  • Therefore, inhibiting Bcl-2 function may enhance the radiosensitivity of tumor cells.
  • Tetrocarcin A (TC-A) and bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotides exhibit antitumor activity by inhibiting Bcl-2 function and transcription, respectively.
  • We investigated whether these antitumor agents would enhance the cytotoxic effects of radiation in tumor cells overexpressing Bcl-2.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: We used HeLa/bcl-2 cells, a stable Bcl-2-expressing cell line derived from wild-type HeLa (HeLa/wt) cells.
  • Cells were incubated with TC-A and bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotides for 24 h after irradiation, and cell viability was then determined.
  • Apoptotic cells were quantified by flow cytometric assay.
  • RESULTS: The HeLa/bcl-2 cells were more resistant to radiation than HeLa/wt cells.
  • At concentrations that are not inherently cytotoxic, both TC-A and bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotides increased the cytotoxic effects of radiation in HeLa/bcl-2 cells, but not in HeLa/wt cells.
  • However, in HeLa/bcl-2 cells, additional treatment with TC-A in combination with radiation did not significantly increase apoptosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present results suggest that TC-A and bcl-2 antisense oligonucleotides reduce radioresistance of tumor cells overexpressing Bcl-2.
  • Therefore, a combination of radiotherapy and Bcl-2 inhibitors may prove to be a useful therapeutic approach for treating tumors that overexpress Bcl-2.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoglycosides / pharmacology. Apoptosis. Oligonucleotides, Antisense / pharmacology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / antagonists & inhibitors. Radiation Tolerance / drug effects. Radiation-Sensitizing Agents / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Analysis of Variance. Cell Survival / drug effects. Cell Survival / radiation effects. HeLa Cells / drug effects. HeLa Cells / metabolism. HeLa Cells / radiation effects. Humans. RNA, Messenger / antagonists & inhibitors. Tumor Stem Cell Assay

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  • (PMID = 15667975.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoglycosides; 0 / Oligonucleotides, Antisense; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Radiation-Sensitizing Agents; 73666-84-9 / tetrocarcin A
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37. Yun J, Kim SJ, Kim JA, Kong JH, Lee SH, Kim K, Ko YH, Kim WS: Clinical features and treatment outcomes of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas involving rare extranodal sites: a single-center experience. Acta Haematol; 2010;123(1):48-54
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  • [Title] Clinical features and treatment outcomes of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas involving rare extranodal sites: a single-center experience.
  • BACKGROUND: The involvement of certain organs such as the adrenal gland and ovaries is rare in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • There are few studies comparing clinical features and prognosis based on the extranodal organ involved.
  • Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was the most common (n = 39), and the median overall survival (OS) was 16.63 months.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / therapy. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use. Doxorubicin / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / therapy. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / therapy. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / therapy. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Rituximab. Treatment Outcome. Vincristine / therapeutic use. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 19955711.001).
  • [ISSN] 1421-9662
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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38. Kvansakul M, Yang H, Fairlie WD, Czabotar PE, Fischer SF, Perugini MA, Huang DC, Colman PM: Vaccinia virus anti-apoptotic F1L is a novel Bcl-2-like domain-swapped dimer that binds a highly selective subset of BH3-containing death ligands. Cell Death Differ; 2008 Oct;15(10):1564-71
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  • [Title] Vaccinia virus anti-apoptotic F1L is a novel Bcl-2-like domain-swapped dimer that binds a highly selective subset of BH3-containing death ligands.
  • Some viruses express proteins homologous in sequence and function to mammalian pro-survival Bcl-2 proteins.
  • Anti-apoptotic F1L expressed by vaccinia virus is essential for survival of infected cells, but it bears no discernable sequence homology to proteins other than its immediate orthologues in related pox viruses.
  • Here we report that the crystal structure of F1L reveals a Bcl-2-like fold with an unusual N-terminal extension.
  • Structural comparison of F1L with other Bcl-2 family members reveals a novel sequence signature that redefines the BH4 domain as a structural motif present in both pro- and anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 members, including viral Bcl-2-like proteins.
  • [MeSH-major] Protein Structure, Quaternary. Protein Structure, Tertiary. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / chemistry. Viral Proteins / chemistry. Viral Proteins / metabolism


39. Paoluzzi L, Gonen M, Bhagat G, Furman RR, Gardner JR, Scotto L, Gueorguiev VD, Heaney ML, Manova K, O'Connor OA: The BH3-only mimetic ABT-737 synergizes the antineoplastic activity of proteasome inhibitors in lymphoid malignancies. Blood; 2008 Oct 1;112(7):2906-16
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  • Overexpression of antiapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family is observed in approximately 80% of B-cell lymphomas, contributing to intrinsic and acquired drug resistance.
  • ABT-737 is a BH3-only mimetic and potent inhibitor of the antiapoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bcl-2, Bcl-X(L), and Bcl-w.
  • In vitro, ABT-737 exhibited concentration-dependent cytotoxicity against a broad panel of lymphoma cell lines including mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).
  • ABT-737 showed synergism when combined with the proteasome inhibitors bortezomib or carfilzomib in select lymphoma cell lines and induced potent mitochondrial membrane depolarization and apoptosis when combined with either.
  • ABT-737 plus bortezomib also induced significant apoptosis in primary samples of MCL, DLBCL, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) but no significant cytotoxic effect was observed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from healthy donors.
  • Collectively, these data suggest that ABT-737 alone or in combination with a proteasome inhibitor represents a novel and potentially important platform for the treatment of B-cell malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Biphenyl Compounds / pharmacology. Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology. Lymphoma / enzymology. Lymphoma / pathology. Molecular Mimicry / drug effects. Nitrophenols / pharmacology. Proteasome Inhibitors. Sulfonamides / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Boronic Acids / pharmacology. Bortezomib. Cell Death / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / drug effects. Drug Synergism. Health. Humans. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / pathology. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / drug effects. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / pathology. Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial / drug effects. Mice. Microscopy, Confocal. Piperazines / pharmacology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Pyrazines / pharmacology. Tissue Donors. Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

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  • (PMID = 18591385.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ABT-737; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biphenyl Compounds; 0 / Boronic Acids; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Nitrophenols; 0 / Piperazines; 0 / Proteasome Inhibitors; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Pyrazines; 0 / Sulfonamides; 69G8BD63PP / Bortezomib
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40. Gómez Codina J, Sabín Domínguez P, Provencio Pulla M, Rueda Domínguez A, Isla Casado D, SEOM (Spanish Society for Medical Oncology): SEOM clinical guidelines for the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Clin Transl Oncol; 2010 Nov;12(11):765-9
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  • [Title] SEOM clinical guidelines for the treatment of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • Diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (LDCGB) is one of the best examples of chemotherapy curable malignant diseases.
  • The staging study should be thorough and includes clinical, laboratory, diagnostic imaging and nuclear medicine.
  • Treatment depends on patient characteristics and comorbidity and on disease extension and prognostic factors.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / therapy. Medical Oncology / methods. Practice Guidelines as Topic

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  • (PMID = 20974570.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-3055
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Transl Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Practice Guideline
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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41. Mwakigonja AR, Kaaya EE, Mgaya EM: Malignant lymphomas (ML) and HIV infection in Tanzania. J Exp Clin Cancer Res; 2008;27:9
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  • [Title] Malignant lymphomas (ML) and HIV infection in Tanzania.
  • BACKGROUND: HIV infection is reported to be associated with some malignant lymphomas (ML) so called AIDS-related lymphomas (ARL), with an aggressive behavior and poor prognosis.
  • The ML frequency, pathogenicity, clinical patterns and possible association with AIDS in Tanzania, are not well documented impeding the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies.
  • METHODS: Sections of 176 archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsies of ML patients at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH)/Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Tanzania from 1996-2001 were stained for hematoxylin and eosin and selected (70) cases for expression of pan-leucocytic (CD45), B-cell (CD20), T-cell (CD3), Hodgkin/RS cell (CD30), histiocyte (CD68) and proliferation (Ki-67) antigen markers.
  • Corresponding clinical records were also evaluated.
  • RESULTS: The proportion of ML out of all diagnosed tumors at MNH during the 6 year period was 4.2% (176/4200) comprising 77.84% non-Hodgkin (NHL) including 19.32% Burkitt's (BL) and 22.16% Hodgkin's disease (HD).
  • Supra-diaphragmatic presentation was commonest and histological sub-types were mostly aggressive B-cell lymphomas however, no clear cases of primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) were diagnosed.
  • CONCLUSION: Malignant lymphomas apparently, increased significantly among diagnosed tumors at MNH between 1996 and 2001, predominantly among the young, HIV infected and AIDS patients.
  • The frequent aggressive clinical and histological presentation as well as the dominant B-immunophenotype and the HIV serology indicate a pathogenic association with AIDS.
  • Therefore, routine HIV screening of all malignant lymphoma patients at MNH is necessary to enable comprehensive ARL diagnosis and formulation of preventive and therapeutic protocols.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Burkitt Lymphoma / epidemiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / etiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / virology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. HIV Seropositivity. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Hodgkin Disease / etiology. Hodgkin Disease / virology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / etiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology. Male. Middle Aged. Tanzania / epidemiology


42. Lin P, Jetly R, Lennon PA, Abruzzo LV, Prajapati S, Medeiros LJ: Translocation (18;22)(q21;q11) in B-cell lymphomas: a report of 4 cases and review of the literature. Hum Pathol; 2008 Nov;39(11):1664-72
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  • [Title] Translocation (18;22)(q21;q11) in B-cell lymphomas: a report of 4 cases and review of the literature.
  • Follicular lymphomas characteristically carry t(14;18)(q32;q21) which results in IGH-BCL-2 fusion.
  • Variant translocations that juxtapose the BCL-2 gene with the immunoglobulin kappa (2p11) and lambda (22q11) light chain genes are rare.
  • We report 4 cases of B-cell lymphoma/leukemia associated with t(18;22)(q21;q11).
  • Three cases were classified as chronic lymphocytic leukemia, and one as follicular lymphoma based on morphology and immunophenotype.
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis was performed on all 4 cases using a BCL-2 breakapart probe.
  • The BCL-2 gene was rearranged in all cases.
  • These cases illustrate that t(18;22)(q21;q11) is more commonly observed in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and may represent either an initial or secondary genetic event.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / genetics. Lymphoma, B-Cell / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Fatal Outcome. Female. Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte. Genes, bcl-2. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18656237.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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43. Joseph LD, Panicker VK, Prathiba D, Damodharan J: Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma in a HIV positive patient. J Assoc Physicians India; 2005 Apr;53:314-6
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  • [Title] Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma in a HIV positive patient.
  • Immunocompromised patients are at increased risk for developing certain malignant tumors, particularly aggressive B cell lymphomas and extranodal lymphomas like primary central nervous system lymphoma and primary effusion lymphoma.
  • T cell lymphomas are uncommon in these patients.
  • We report a rare case of subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma in a HIV positive patient who presented with multiple subcutaneous nodules.
  • [MeSH-major] CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / pathology. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Panniculitis / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipocytes / pathology. Adult. Cytoplasm / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Risk Factors


44. Meyer J, Delay J, Bienzle D: Clinical, laboratory, and histopathologic features of equine lymphoma. Vet Pathol; 2006 Nov;43(6):914-24
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  • [Title] Clinical, laboratory, and histopathologic features of equine lymphoma.
  • Clinical, laboratory and tissue findings from 37 horses with lymphoma were investigated.
  • Tumor cell morphology was heterogeneous in 17 tumors, and 8 tumors had marked histiocytic and multinucleated giant cell infiltrates.
  • Extensive necrosis or focal fibrosis was present in 22 and 4 lymphomas, respectively.
  • Staining of tumor sections with antibodies against CD3 and CD79alpha molecules resulted in classification of T-cell (n = 26) or B-cell (n = 7) origin.
  • Most T-cell tumors comprised small to medium CD3(+) lymphocytes, whereas 5 of 7 B-cell tumors were infiltrated by numerous small T lymphocytes and classified as T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma.
  • Fresh tumor cells from 6 horses bound antibodies reactive with equine CD4, CD5, CD8, CD21, or major histocompatibility class II molecules, confirming T-cell (n = 5) or B-cell origin (n = 1).
  • These findings suggest that T-cell lymphoma is more common than B-cell lymphoma in horses and that inflammation, possibly from tumor cytokine production, is frequent.
  • [MeSH-major] Horse Diseases / pathology. Lymphoma / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 17099148.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9858
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Bernicot I, Douet-Guilbert N, Le Bris MJ, Morice P, Abgrall JF, Berthou C, Morel F, De Braekeleer M: Characterization of IGH rearrangements in non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphomas by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Anticancer Res; 2005 Sep-Oct;25(5):3179-82
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  • [Title] Characterization of IGH rearrangements in non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphomas by fluorescence in situ hybridization.
  • Rearrangements involving the IGH gene have been identified in about 50% of non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphomas (NHL) and correlated to clinical relevant subgroups.
  • A t(14;18)(q32;q21) was found in 17 of the 20 follicular lymphomas (85%) studied and a t(11;14)(q13;q32) in 10 of the 11 mantle cell lymphomas (91%).
  • IGH rearrangements were identified in 12 of the 26 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (46%), including 5 t(14;18)(q32;q21) and 2 t(3;14)(q27;q32).
  • However, the complemented analysis using Multi-FISH and/or chromosomal whole paint enabled the characterization of complex IGH translocations in follicular lymphomas and mantle cell lymphomas and the identification of all the chromosomal partners involved in the IGH rearrangement in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Rearrangement. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Lymphoma, B-Cell / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 / genetics. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Lymphoma, Follicular / genetics. Lymphoma, Follicular / immunology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / genetics. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / immunology. Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / genetics. Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / immunology. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 16101124.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
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46. Westphal D, Ledgerwood EC, Hibma MH, Fleming SB, Whelan EM, Mercer AA: A novel Bcl-2-like inhibitor of apoptosis is encoded by the parapoxvirus ORF virus. J Virol; 2007 Jul;81(13):7178-88
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  • [Title] A novel Bcl-2-like inhibitor of apoptosis is encoded by the parapoxvirus ORF virus.
  • Apoptotic cell death forms part of the host defense against virus infection.
  • We tested orf virus, a member of the poxvirus family, for the ability to inhibit apoptosis and found that orf virus-infected cells were fully resistant to UV-induced changes in cell morphology, caspase activation, and DNA fragmentation.
  • These features are comparable to the antiapoptotic properties of the mitochondrial regulator Bcl-2.
  • Furthermore, bioinformatic analyses revealed sequence and secondary-structure similarities to Bcl-2 family members, including characteristic residues of all four Bcl-2 homology domains.
  • Consistent with this, the viral protein inhibited the UV-induced activation of the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bax and Bak.
  • ORFV125 is the first parapoxvirus apoptosis inhibitor to be identified, and we propose that it is a new antiapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family.
  • [MeSH-minor] Apoptosis. Caspases / metabolism. DNA Fragmentation / radiation effects. Enzyme Activation / genetics. Enzyme Activation / radiation effects. HeLa Cells. Humans. JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism. Mitochondria / metabolism. Protein Structure, Secondary. Protein Structure, Tertiary. Ultraviolet Rays. bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein / genetics. bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein / metabolism. bcl-2-Associated X Protein / genetics. bcl-2-Associated X Protein / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17475653.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-538X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Viral Proteins; 0 / bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; EC 2.7.11.24 / JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1933275
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47. Vose J, Armitage J, Weisenburger D, International T-Cell Lymphoma Project: International peripheral T-cell and natural killer/T-cell lymphoma study: pathology findings and clinical outcomes. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Sep 1;26(25):4124-30
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  • [Title] International peripheral T-cell and natural killer/T-cell lymphoma study: pathology findings and clinical outcomes.
  • PURPOSE: Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) and natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) are rare and heterogeneous forms of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) that, in general, are associated with a poor clinical outcome.
  • Tissue biopsies, immunophenotypic markers, molecular genetic studies, and clinical information from consecutive patients at each site were reviewed by panels of four expert hematopathologists and classified according to the WHO classification.
  • RESULTS: A diagnosis of PTCL or NKTCL was confirmed in 1,153 (87.8%) of the cases.
  • The most common subtypes were PTCL not otherwise specified (NOS; 25.9%), angioimmunoblastic type (18.5%), NKTCL (10.4%), and adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL; 9.6%).
  • Misclassification occurred in 10.4% of the cases including Hodgkin's lymphoma (3%), B-cell lymphoma (1.4%), unclassifiable lymphoma (2.8%), or a diagnosis other than lymphoma (2.3%).
  • The use of an anthracycline-containing regimen was not associated with an improved outcome in PTCL-NOS or angioimmunoblastic type, but was associated with an improved outcome in anaplastic large-cell lymphoma, ALK positive.
  • However, expert hematopathology review is important for accurate diagnosis.
  • The clinical outcome for patients with most of these lymphoma subtypes is poor with standard therapies, and novel agents and new modalities are needed to improve survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell / mortality. T-Lymphocytes / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18626005.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Investigator] Savage K; Connors J; Gascoyne R; Chhanabhai M; Wilson W; Jaffe E; Armitage J; Vose J; Weisenburger D; Anderson J; Ullrich F; Bast M; Hochberg E; Harris N; Levine A; Nathwani B; Miller T; Rimsza L; Montserrat E; Lopez-Guillermo A; Campo E; Cuadros M; Alvarez Ferreira J; Martinez Delgado B; Holte H; Delabie J; Rüdiger T; Müller-Hermelink K; Reimer P; Adam P; Wilhelm M; Schmitz N; Nerl C; Lister A; Norton A; MacLennan KA; Luigi Zinzani P; Pileri S; Federico M; Bellei M; Coiffier B; Berger F; Tanin I; Wannakrairot P; Au W; Liang R; Loong F; Rajan S; Sng I; Tobinai K; Matsuno Y; Morishima Y; Nakamura S; Seto M; Tanimoto M; Yoshino T; Suzumiya J; Ohshima K; Kim WS; Ko YH
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48. Horning SJ, Younes A, Jain V, Kroll S, Lucas J, Podoloff D, Goris M: Efficacy and safety of tositumomab and iodine-131 tositumomab (Bexxar) in B-cell lymphoma, progressive after rituximab. J Clin Oncol; 2005 Feb 1;23(4):712-9
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  • [Title] Efficacy and safety of tositumomab and iodine-131 tositumomab (Bexxar) in B-cell lymphoma, progressive after rituximab.
  • PURPOSE: To determine overall response (OR) and complete response (CR) rates, response duration, progression-free (PFS) and overall survival and safety with the tositumomab and iodine-131 tositumomab ((131)I tositumomab) therapeutic regimen in patients with indolent, follicular large-cell, or transformed B-cell lymphoma, progressive after rituximab.
  • CONCLUSION: (131)I tositumomab is effective in CD20-positive lymphoma progressive after rituximab, with a 65% OR rate and median PFS of 24.5 months for responders.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, B-Cell / radiotherapy. Radioimmunotherapy

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  • (PMID = 15613695.001).
  • [ISSN] 0732-183X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / iodine-131 anti-B1 antibody; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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49. Cornejo-Juárez P, Volkow-Fernández P, Avilés-Salas A, Calderón-Flores E: AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico. Rev Invest Clin; 2008 Sep-Oct;60(5):375-81
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  • [Title] AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico.
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) associated with HIV became an AIDS-defining condition early in the epidemic and remains the second most common malignancy in patients with AIDS.
  • Our objective was to review the clinical spectrum of patients with AIDS-associated NHL and to analyze the impact of HAART on survival at an oncological tertiary center.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed all medical records and histopathologic tissue of patients with HIV-associated NHL seen from January 1990 to September 2007 at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia in Mexico City.
  • Survival or follow-up time was calculated from date of diagnosis to death, or to the date on which the patient was last seen.
  • RESULTS: Eighty seven HIV-positive patients were diagnosed with NHL (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma n=69; Burkitt-like n=8; pleomorphic large cell n=7; low-grade n=2, and angiocentric n=1).
  • Overall, 38 patients (43.7%) achieved complete response to NHL therapy, including only 14.3% patients in the non-HAART compared with 57.6% in the HAART group (p < or = 0.0001).
  • Two patients (7.1%) in the non-HAART were alive compared with 37 (63.8%) in the HAART group (p < or = 0.0001).
  • [MeSH-major] Cancer Care Facilities / statistics & numerical data. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19227434.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-8376
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de investigación clínica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Invest. Clin.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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50. Berberoğlu K, Unal SN, Kebudi R, Türkmen C, Cantez S: Role of 99mTc-hexakis-2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile for detecting marrow metastases in childhood solid tumours. Nucl Med Commun; 2005 Dec;26(12):1075-80
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  • AIM: To evaluate the role of 99mTc-hexakis-2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) for detecting bone marrow metastases in childhood solid tumours, including lymphomas.
  • They all had proven malignant solid tumours [Hodgkin's lymphoma (5), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (3), neuroblastoma (9), Ewing's sarcoma (3), Langerhans cell histiocytosis (4), rhabdomyosarcoma (1) and germ cell tumour (1)] with suspected bone marrow metastases.
  • Non-invasive 99mTc-MIBI imaging in children with malignant solid tumours appears to be promising for the evaluation of bone marrow metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasms / pathology. Nitriles / pharmacology. Radiopharmaceuticals / pharmacology. Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Biopsy. Bone Marrow / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / diagnosis. Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / pathology. Hodgkin Disease / diagnosis. Hodgkin Disease / pathology. Humans. Infant. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Male. Neoplasm Metastasis. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / pathology. Neuroblastoma / diagnosis. Neuroblastoma / pathology. Prospective Studies. Rhabdomyosarcoma / diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma / pathology. Sarcoma, Ewing / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Ewing / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Whole-Body Counting

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  • (PMID = 16264353.001).
  • [ISSN] 0143-3636
  • [Journal-full-title] Nuclear medicine communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nucl Med Commun
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nitriles; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 109434-22-2 / 2-methoxyisobutylisonitrile; 971Z4W1S09 / Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi
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51. Libra M, Gloghini A, Malaponte G, Gangemi P, De Re V, Cacopardo B, Spandidos DA, Nicoletti F, Stivala F, Zignego AL, Carbone A: Association of t(14;18) translocation with HCV infection in gastrointestinal MALT lymphomas. J Hepatol; 2008 Aug;49(2):170-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Association of t(14;18) translocation with HCV infection in gastrointestinal MALT lymphomas.
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: The gastrointestinal tract is the most common site of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma development.
  • Among the several genetic abnormalities involved in MALT development, the impact of t(14;18)-(IgH;Bcl-2) translocation has only been marginally analyzed.
  • To this end, a consecutive series of gastrointestinal MALT lymphomas were analyzed.
  • METHODS: t(14;18)-(IgH;Bcl-2) translocation, at the major break point region (MBR) and minor cluster region (mcr), were assessed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in tumour DNA obtained from 40 consecutive gastrointestinal MALT lymphoma patients.
  • Interestingly, both lymphomas bearing t(14;18) translocation derived from patients with chronic HCV infection.
  • Nucleotide sequence analysis confirmed that Bcl-2 was joined to JH6 in both MALT lymphomas.
  • Moreover, the heavy chain gene combinations detected in both MALT lymphomas were those usually found in the HCV-associated lymphomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our data support the notion that among gastrointestinal MALT lymphomas, t(14;18)-(IgH;Bcl-2) translocation clusters in HCV-positive patients sustaining the role of HCV infection in the lymphoma development.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / genetics. Genes, bcl-2 / genetics. Hepatitis C / complications. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18538438.001).
  • [ISSN] 0168-8278
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
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52. Boffetta P, van der Hel O, Kricker A, Nieters A, de Sanjosé S, Maynadié M, Cocco PL, Staines A, Becker N, Font R, Mannetje A', Goumas C, Brennan P: Exposure to ultraviolet radiation and risk of malignant lymphoma and multiple myeloma--a multicentre European case-control study. Int J Epidemiol; 2008 Oct;37(5):1080-94
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  • [Title] Exposure to ultraviolet radiation and risk of malignant lymphoma and multiple myeloma--a multicentre European case-control study.
  • BACKGROUND: Three recent studies have reported a decreased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) for high ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure.
  • METHODS: We conducted a multicentre case-control study during 1998-2004 in France, Germany, Ireland, Italy and Spain, comprising 1518 cases of NHL, 268 cases of Hodgkin lymphoma, 242 cases of multiple myeloma and 2124 population or hospital controls.
  • RESULTS: The risk of Hodgkin and NHL was increased for increasing skin sensitivity to the sun [odds ratio (OR) for no suntan vs very brown 2.35, 95% CI 0.94-5.87 and 1.39, 95% CI 1.03-1.87, respectively].
  • The risk of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was reduced for increasing adult personal (OR for highest vs lowest quartile of exposure in free days 0.62, 95% CI 0.44-0.87) and for occupational exposure to UV radiation (OR for highest vs lowest exposure tertile 0.63, 95% CI 0.37-1.04).
  • A protective effect was observed for use of sun lamps for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (OR for 25+ times vs never 0.63, 95% CI 0.38-1.03).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The hypothesis of a protective effect of UV radiation on lymphoma is supported by our results.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma / etiology. Multiple Myeloma / etiology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced. Ultraviolet Rays / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Case-Control Studies. Europe. European Continental Ancestry Group. Hodgkin Disease / etiology. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / prevention & control. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / etiology. Occupational Exposure. Odds Ratio. Risk. Skin Pigmentation. Sunburn / complications

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  • (PMID = 18511490.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-3685
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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53. Chen L, Willis SN, Wei A, Smith BJ, Fletcher JI, Hinds MG, Colman PM, Day CL, Adams JM, Huang DC: Differential targeting of prosurvival Bcl-2 proteins by their BH3-only ligands allows complementary apoptotic function. Mol Cell; 2005 Feb 04;17(3):393-403
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  • [Title] Differential targeting of prosurvival Bcl-2 proteins by their BH3-only ligands allows complementary apoptotic function.
  • Apoptosis is initiated when Bcl-2 and its prosurvival relatives are engaged by proapoptotic BH3-only proteins via interaction of its BH3 domain with a groove on the Bcl-2-like proteins.
  • These interactions have been considered promiscuous, but our analysis of the affinity of eight BH3 peptides for five Bcl-2-like proteins has revealed that the interactions vary over 10,000-fold in affinity, and accordingly, only certain protein pairs associate inside cells.
  • Bad, however, bound tightly to Bcl-2, Bcl-xL, and Bcl-w but only weakly to A1 and not to Mcl-1.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / physiology. Cell Survival / physiology. Peptide Fragments / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Amino Acid Sequence. Animals. Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins. Bcl-2-Like Protein 11. Binding, Competitive. Biosensing Techniques. Carrier Proteins / chemistry. Carrier Proteins / genetics. Carrier Proteins / metabolism. Genetic Complementation Test. Humans. In Vitro Techniques. Ligands. Membrane Proteins / chemistry. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Mice. Models, Biological. Models, Molecular. Molecular Sequence Data. Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein. Neoplasm Proteins / chemistry. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Protein Structure, Tertiary. Proteins / chemistry. Proteins / genetics. Proteins / metabolism. Recombinant Proteins / chemistry. Recombinant Proteins / genetics. Recombinant Proteins / metabolism. Sequence Homology, Amino Acid. bcl-X Protein


54. Josting A, Müller H, Borchmann P, Baars JW, Metzner B, Döhner H, Aurer I, Smardova L, Fischer T, Niederwieser D, Schäfer-Eckart K, Schmitz N, Sureda A, Glossmann J, Diehl V, DeJong D, Hansmann ML, Raemaekers J, Engert A: Dose intensity of chemotherapy in patients with relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Dec 1;28(34):5074-80
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  • [Title] Dose intensity of chemotherapy in patients with relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE: High-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) followed by autologous stem-cell transplantation (PBSCT) has become the standard treatment for patients with relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL).
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with histologically confirmed, relapsed HL were treated with two cycles of dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin, and those without disease progression were randomly assigned.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Cyclophosphamide / adverse effects. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Dexamethasone / administration & dosage. Disease-Free Survival. Etoposide / administration & dosage. Etoposide / adverse effects. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Methotrexate / administration & dosage. Methotrexate / adverse effects. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 20975066.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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55. Zekri AR, Ahmed H, Ismail M, El-Nashar AT, El-Mokadem T, Hassan A: Genetic profiling of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with or without hepatitis C virus infection. Egypt J Immunol; 2010;17(2):81-90
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  • [Title] Genetic profiling of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with or without hepatitis C virus infection.
  • Hepatitis C virus (HCV) which is one of the endemic viral infections in Egypt is not only hepatotropic, but also a lymphotropic virus and has many extrahepatic manifestations as mixed cryoglobulinemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • We studied gene expression profile of 20 B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with HCV infection and 20 B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma without HCV infection as a control group by c-DNA microarray.
  • Also, HCV was associated with overexpression of the genes related to myeloid/lymphoid leukemia and B lymphoma as MLLT3, BAL, influences the overexpression of transcription regulator genes as TATA box binding protein (TBP) and may influence the overexpression of some immunoglobulin genes as immunoglobulin superfamily containing leucine gene in B cells resulting in overproduction of immunoglobulins in B-lymphocyte disorders.

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  • (PMID = 23082489.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-4902
  • [Journal-full-title] The Egyptian journal of immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Egypt J Immunol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulins; 0 / MLLT3 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / PARP9 protein, human; 0 / TATA-Box Binding Protein; 0 / TBP protein, human; EC 2.4.2.30 / Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases; EC 3.4.22.- / CASP4 protein, human; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases, Initiator; EC 3.4.22.36 / Caspase 1
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61. Liu L, Zhang M, Zou P: Polo-like kinase 1 as a new target for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma treatment. Oncology; 2008;74(1-2):96-103
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  • [Title] Polo-like kinase 1 as a new target for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma treatment.
  • OBJECTIVES: The study was devised to detect expression of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and assess its value as a new target for NHL treatment.
  • Lymphoma cells were transfected with RNA interference plasmid targeted against PLK1 gene.
  • Western blot was used to examine PLK1 expression in transfected cells.
  • Proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis were monitored by MTT and flow cytometry.
  • In B cell NHL and T cell NHL, PLK1 expression had relationships with systemic symptom, lactate dehydrogenase level and International Prognostic Index scores.
  • PLK1 depletion by RNA interference plasmid in lymphoma cell lines could lead to cell growth suppression, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / genetics. Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Apoptosis. Cell Cycle. Cell Proliferation. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Gene Expression Profiling. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Survival Analysis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 18547964.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / polo-like kinase 1
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62. Walls KC, Ghosh AP, Ballestas ME, Klocke BJ, Roth KA: bcl-2/Adenovirus E1B 19-kd interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) regulates hypoxia-induced neural precursor cell death. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol; 2009 Dec;68(12):1326-38
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  • [Title] bcl-2/Adenovirus E1B 19-kd interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) regulates hypoxia-induced neural precursor cell death.
  • In addition to producing neuron death, HI causes death of neural precursor cells (NPCs) in the developing brain.
  • To characterize the molecular pathways that regulate hypoxia-induced death of NPCs, we treated a mouse neural stem cell line (C17.2 cells) and fibroblastic growth factor II-expanded primary NPCs derived from wild-type or gene-disrupted mice, with oxygen glucose deprivation or the hypoxia mimetics desferrioxamine or cobalt chloride.
  • Neural precursor cells undergoing hypoxia exhibited time- and concentration-dependent caspase-3 activation and cell death, which was significantly reduced by treatment with a broad caspase inhibitor or protein synthesis inhibition.
  • Oxygen glucose deprivation or hypoxia-mimetic exposure also resulted in increased hypoxia-inducible factor alpha and bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19-kd interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) expression.
  • BNIP3 shRNA treatment failed to affect hypoxia-induced caspase-3 activation but inhibited cell death and nuclear translocation of apoptosis-inducing factor, indicating that BNIP3 is an important regulator of caspase-independent NPC death after hypoxia.
  • These studies demonstrate that hypoxia activates both caspase-dependent and -independent NPC death pathways that are critically regulated by multiple Bcl-2 family members.

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  • (PMID = 19915483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1554-6578
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / P30 NS047466; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS047466-05; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS035107-11; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS041962; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / P30 NS057098; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / P30 NS047466-05; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS041962-06; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS57098; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS035107; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS057098-04; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS35107; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS035107-11; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS47466; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS41962; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS041962-06; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / P30 NS057098-04
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BNip3 protein, mouse; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Mitochondrial Proteins; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 3
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS161285; NLM/ PMC2791349
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63. Ali TZ, Zakowski MF, Yung RC, Burroughs FH, Ali SZ: Exfoliative sputum cytology of cancers metastatic to the lung. Diagn Cytopathol; 2005 Sep;33(3):147-51
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  • Although largely replaced by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and bronchoscopy, cytological examination of sputum for exfoliated malignant cells still is considered a valuable initial diagnostic test in patients presenting with a lung mass.
  • Clinical history and the relevant histopathological material were examined and correlated with the cytological findings.
  • Cytological diagnoses included colonic adenocarcinoma (7 cases); non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; 5 cases); malignant melanoma (MM; 5 cases); breast carcinoma (5 cases); Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL; 3 cases); pancreatic adenocarcinoma (2 cases); prostatic adenocarcinoma (2 cases); and 1 case each of urothelial carcinoma, endometrial carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, hepatic small-cell carcinoma, squamous-cell carcinoma (cervix), and leiomyosarcoma (LMS).
  • In non-lymphoid tumors (27 cases), isolated single malignant cells were seen in 7 (26%) cases (all cases of MM and prostatic adenocarcinoma), whereas 20 (74%) cases displayed fragments with intact tumor architecture.
  • Overall, only 10/35 (29%) cases showed noticeable tumor-cell necrosis.
  • In one case (LMS), cell block sections were used for immunoperoxidase (IPOX) studies with positive staining for desmin and actin.
  • Exfoliation of cancer cells in sputum from secondary tumors in the lung is a rare phenomenon in current-day practice, with metastatic colonic adenocarcinoma seen most commonly.
  • Intact tumor architecture was observed in exfoliated cells in 75% of the cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasm Metastasis / diagnosis. Sputum / cytology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16078247.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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64. Robak T, Szmigielska-Kapłon A, Błoński JZ, Kasznicki M, Chojnowski K: Activity of cladribine combined with etoposide in heavily pretreated patients with indolent lymphoid malignancies. Chemotherapy; 2005 Aug;51(5):247-51
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  • We determined the effectiveness and toxicity of combined chemotherapy consisting of etoposide 100 mg/m(2)/day i.v. and cladribine (2-CdA) 0.12 mg/kg/day i.v. each for 5 days (EC regimen) in the treatment of refractory or relapsed low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16088121.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-3157
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemotherapy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 47M74X9YT5 / Cladribine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; EC regimen 2
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65. Henrich M, Hecht W, Weiss AT, Reinacher M: A new subgroup of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region genes for the assessment of clonality in feline B-cell lymphomas. Vet Immunol Immunopathol; 2009 Jul 15;130(1-2):59-69
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  • [Title] A new subgroup of immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region genes for the assessment of clonality in feline B-cell lymphomas.
  • In human medicine, PCR-amplification of the complementarity determining region 3 of the immunoglobulin heavy chain genes followed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) is an accepted method to assess clonality in B-cell lymphomas and thereby facilitates the differentiation of neoplasias from benign hyperplasias or reactive infiltrates.
  • To generate a basis for the development of a PCR-based assay for the assessment of clonality in feline B-cell lymphomas we analyzed 28 transcripts (cDNA) of the feline immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region genes (IGHV).
  • With these four sets of primers, the assay was able to detect monoclonality in 7/10 (70%) cats with histologically and immunohistochemically diagnosed B-cell lymphomas.
  • The use of a PCR-based assay in combination with standard techniques for the diagnosis of feline lymphoma is helpful and the characterization of the additional subgroup of feline variable regions genes puts this assay on a broader basis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cat Diseases / immunology. Cat Diseases / pathology. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Immunoglobulin Variable Region / genetics. Lymphoma, B-Cell / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Amino Acid Sequence. Animals. Cats. Clone Cells. Molecular Sequence Data. Plasmids / genetics. RNA, Neoplasm / chemistry. RNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA Technique / veterinary. Sequence Alignment. Sequence Analysis, DNA

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  • (PMID = 19243841.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2534
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary immunology and immunopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; 0 / Immunoglobulin Variable Region; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm
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66. Ye BS, Sunwoo IN, Suh BC, Park JP, Shim DS, Kim SM: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting as piriformis syndrome. Muscle Nerve; 2010 Mar;41(3):419-22
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  • [Title] Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting as piriformis syndrome.
  • A diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with neurolymphomatosis (NL) was made.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / complications. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / diagnosis. Piriformis Muscle Syndrome / etiology. Sciatica / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Disease-Free Survival. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neural Conduction / physiology. Rituximab. Treatment Outcome. Vincristine / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 19918770.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-4598
  • [Journal-full-title] Muscle & nerve
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Muscle Nerve
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
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67. Pasqualucci L, Bhagat G, Jankovic M, Compagno M, Smith P, Muramatsu M, Honjo T, Morse HC 3rd, Nussenzweig MC, Dalla-Favera R: AID is required for germinal center-derived lymphomagenesis. Nat Genet; 2008 Jan;40(1):108-12
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  • Most human B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (B-NHLs) derive from germinal centers (GCs), the structure in which B cells undergo somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class switch recombination (CSR) before being selected for high-affinity antibody production.
  • A direct link between these DNA remodeling events and GC lymphoma development, however, has not been demonstrated.
  • Here we have crossed three mouse models of B cell lymphoma driven by oncogenes (Myc, Bcl6 and Myc/Bcl6; refs.
  • We show that AID deficiency prevents Bcl6-dependent, GC-derived B-NHL, but has no impact on Myc-driven, pre-GC lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Cytidine Deaminase / metabolism. Germinal Center / metabolism. Lymphoma, B-Cell / metabolism


68. Tsukahara S, Yamamoto S, Tin-Tin-Win-Shwe, Ahmed S, Kunugita N, Arashidani K, Fujimaki H: Inhalation of low-level formaldehyde increases the Bcl-2/Bax expression ratio in the hippocampus of immunologically sensitized mice. Neuroimmunomodulation; 2006;13(2):63-8
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  • [Title] Inhalation of low-level formaldehyde increases the Bcl-2/Bax expression ratio in the hippocampus of immunologically sensitized mice.
  • In the present study, we examined the effects of FA on apoptotic mechanisms regulating survival and death of cells and on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors related to hippocampal functions in the mouse hippocampus.
  • METHODS: Western blot analyses were performed for Bcl-2, Bax and NMDA receptor subtypes 2A and 2B of the hippocampus taken from C3H mice exposed to 0 or 400 ppb of FA with or without ovalbumin (OVA) immunization.
  • RESULTS: The ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax expression levels significantly increased with 400-ppb FA exposure in OVA-immunized mice but not in mice without OVA immunization, although differences in each protein level were not significant among groups.
  • Active caspase- 3-immunoreactive cells were found in the hippocampus.
  • NMDA receptor type 2A and 2B expression levels of FA-exposed mice were sustained at comparative levels with those for the control mice with or without OVA immunization.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that changes in the Bcl-2/Bax expression ratio, which occurs with low-level FA exposure and immunization and may follow enhancement of nerve growth factor production, exerts a protective effect against cell death by apoptosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Caspase 3 / drug effects. Caspase 3 / metabolism. Cell Survival / drug effects. Cell Survival / immunology. Female. Immunization. Mice. Mice, Inbred C3H. Neurotoxins / toxicity. Ovalbumin / immunology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / drug effects. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / drug effects. Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate / metabolism. Up-Regulation / drug effects. Up-Regulation / immunology. bcl-2-Associated X Protein / drug effects. bcl-2-Associated X Protein / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16888403.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-7401
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroimmunomodulation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroimmunomodulation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / N-methyl D-aspartate receptor subtype 2A; 0 / NR2B NMDA receptor; 0 / Neurotoxins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde; 9006-59-1 / Ovalbumin; 9061-61-4 / Nerve Growth Factor; EC 3.4.22.- / Casp3 protein, mouse; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 3
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69. García JF, García JF, Maestre L, Lucas E, Sánchez-Verde L, Romero-Chala S, Piris MA, Roncador G: Genetic immunization: a new monoclonal antibody for the detection of BCL-6 protein in paraffin sections. J Histochem Cytochem; 2006 Jan;54(1):31-8
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  • [Title] Genetic immunization: a new monoclonal antibody for the detection of BCL-6 protein in paraffin sections.
  • A new anti-BCL-6 MAb (GI191E/A8) was produced by cloning full-length BCL-6 cDNA into a eukaryotic vector and delivering this into mouse epidermis using a helium gene gun.
  • A comparative study was made of the specificity and the effects of formalin fixation on immunohistochemistry quality of GI191E/A8 and two other anti-BCL-6 MAbs.
  • To evaluate its possible application to differential diagnosis of lymphomas, two tissue microarrays (89 diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and 24 B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia cases) were stained with GI191E/A8 and another anti-BCL-6 MAb produced by conventional means.
  • Using GI191E/A8, the detection of BCL-6 protein was significantly increased, and its specificity was independent of formalin-fixation time.
  • Using automatic quantified analysis, the correlation between the two anti-BCL-6 MAbs tested was identical in cases with overexpression or absence of BCL-6.
  • In cases with intermediate BCL-6 protein expression, detection with GI191E/A8 was more sensitive.
  • A significant association of higher BCL-6 expression and longer median overall survival times in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas was found.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Line, Tumor. Diagnosis, Differential. Fixatives. Formaldehyde. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / diagnosis. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / metabolism. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / metabolism. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Palatine Tonsil / metabolism. Paraffin Embedding. Survival Analysis. Tissue Array Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16046671.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1554
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Histochem. Cytochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / BCL6 protein, human; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Fixatives; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde
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70. Petoumenos K, Hui E, Kumarasamy N, Kerr SJ, Choi JY, Chen YM, Merati T, Zhang F, Lim PL, Sungkanuparph S, Pujari S, Ponnampalavanar S, Ditangco R, Lee CK, Grulich A, Law MG, TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database: Cancers in the TREAT Asia HIV Observational Database (TAHOD): a retrospective analysis of risk factors. J Int AIDS Soc; 2010 Dec 10;13:51
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  • For each diagnosis, the following data were recorded: date, type, stage, method of diagnosis, demographic data, medical history, and HIV-related information.
  • Cancers were grouped as AIDS-defining cancers (ADCs), and non-ADCs.
  • Non-ADCs were further categorized as being infection related (NADC-IR) and unrelated (NADC-IUR).
  • The majority (66%) of cancers were ADCs (16% Kaposi sarcoma, 40% non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and 9% cervical cancer).
  • The most common NADCs were lung (6%), breast (5%) and hepatocellular carcinoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma (2% each).
  • In multivariate analyses, individuals with CD4 counts above 200 cells/mm3 were approximately 80% less likely to be diagnosed with an ADC (p < 0.001).
  • Lower CD4 cell count and higher CDC stage (p = 0.041) were the only independent predictors of NADCs-IR.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The spectrum of cancer diagnoses in the Asia region currently does not appear dissimilar to that observed in non-Asian HIV populations.
  • One interesting finding was the cases of leiomyosarcoma, a smooth-muscle tumour, usually seen in children and young adults with AIDS, yet overall quite rare.

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  • (PMID = 21143940.001).
  • [ISSN] 1758-2652
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the International AIDS Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Int AIDS Soc
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01AI069907
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3019126
  • [Investigator] Mean CV; Saphonn V; Vohith K; Zhang FJ; Zhao HX; Han N; Li PC; Lee MP; Kumarasamy N; Saghayam S; Ezhilarasi C; Pujari S; Joshi K; Makane A; Merati TP; Wirawan DN; Yuliana F; Yunihastuti E; Ramadian O; Oka S; Tanuma J; Honda M; Choi JY; Han SH; Kim JM; Lee CK; Sim BH; David R; Kamarulzaman A; Kajindran A; Tau G; Ditangco R; Chen YM; Wong WW; Kuo LH; Lim PL; Chua A; Foo E; Phanuphak P; Ruxrungtham K; Khongphattanayothin M; Kiertiburanakul S; Sungkanuparph S; Sanmeema N; Sirisanthana T; Chaiwarith R; Kotarathititum W; Chuah J; Sohn AH; Messerschmidt L; Petersen B; Cooper DA; Law MG; Zhou J; JiamsakuL A
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71. Weng Y, Gao ZF, Liu K, Zhang WJ, Ke XY, Li M: [Factors affecting the prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in Chinese]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Sep;44(9):681-3
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  • [Title] [Factors affecting the prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in Chinese].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the correlation between clinical prognosis and clinicopathologic features, origin and cell proliferous index of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in China.
  • Immunohistochemistry stain was used to check the expression of CD(45)RO, CD(3), CD(20), CD(79)a, CD(45)RA, Ki-67, p53 and bcl-6.
  • 23 patients 38.3% died during follow-up, the longest survival period lasting 108 months.16 died in the first year after establishment of diagnosis (16/23, 69.6%).
  • Ki-67, p53, bcl-6 were expressed in some cases (48/53, 90.6%; 26/46, 56.5%; 21/41, 51.2%).
  • The expression of bcl-6 protein was somewhat related with prognosis (P = 0.0049), but the expression of p53 was not (P = 0.5948).
  • Most of the cases died in the first year after establishment of diagnosis.
  • IPI can be used to predict the clinical outcome.
  • The expression of bcl-6 protein was somewhat related with clinical prognosis, but that of p53 was not.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Proliferation. Child. China. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16202261.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCL6 protein, human; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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72. Willenbrock K, Bräuninger A, Hansmann ML: Frequent occurrence of B-cell lymphomas in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma and proliferation of Epstein-Barr virus-infected cells in early cases. Br J Haematol; 2007 Sep;138(6):733-9
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  • [Title] Frequent occurrence of B-cell lymphomas in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma and proliferation of Epstein-Barr virus-infected cells in early cases.
  • Secondary lymphomas occurring in the setting of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AILT) are considered to be rare.
  • A previous study detected a dysregulated hypermutation process in B-cells of AILT.
  • The present study aimed at estimating the frequency of B-cell lymphomas in AILT.
  • By studying the expression of EBV and activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) as an indicator of hypermutating cells, we assessed whether B-cell lymphoproliferations in AILT were strictly associated with EBV and whether hypermutation might contribute to lymphomagenesis.
  • Among 161 cases of AILT, diagnosed between 1996 and 2005 at the lymph node registry, Frankfurt, Germany, 19 cases were detected that also had B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and two cases had classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL).
  • EBV was detected in tumour cells of 7/18 NHL and both HL, suggesting that factors other than EBV contribute to lymphomagenesis.
  • AID was expressed in AILT in large cells disseminated in the tissue, implying that the process of somatic hypermutation is ongoing in AILT, although the GC architecture is disrupted.
  • This might be relevant in the development of secondary lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / pathology. Herpesvirus 4, Human. Lymphoma, B-Cell / virology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] B-Lymphocytes / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Proliferation. Clone Cells. Cytidine Deaminase / analysis. DNA-Binding Proteins / analysis. Gene Rearrangement, B-Lymphocyte. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization. Neprilysin / analysis. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. RNA, Viral / analysis. Somatic Hypermutation, Immunoglobulin. T-Lymphocytes / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17672882.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCL6 protein, human; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / RNA, Viral; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin; EC 3.5.4.5 / Cytidine Deaminase
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73. Yun SJ, Lee KH, Yang DW, Lee JB, Kim SJ, Lee SC, Won YH: Primary cutaneous spindle cell B-cell lymphoma with multiple figurate erythema-like manifestation. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Jan;36(1):49-52
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  • [Title] Primary cutaneous spindle cell B-cell lymphoma with multiple figurate erythema-like manifestation.
  • Spindle-shaped cells with elongated, twisted nuclei containing dispersed chromatin were also seen.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis showed that all of the cells were strongly positive for CD20, CD21, CD79a and CD45, while they were negative for CD3, CD5, CD10, CD23, CD35, CD43, CD45RO and CD68.
  • The spindle cells were also negative for smooth-muscle actin, desmin, S-100 and CD34.
  • They consistently expressed nuclear bcl-6, but did not express bcl-2, multiple myeloma-1 and p16.
  • We diagnosed him with primary cutaneous spindle cell B-cell lymphoma (PCSBCL) and treated him with six cycles of cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, prednisone and rituximab (R-CHOP) chemotherapy; his skin lesions disappeared completely.
  • Immunohistochemical profiles suggest that PCSBCL is a variant of primary cutaneous follicle center lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19125734.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antigens, CD; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
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74. Rohde G, Kermer P, Reed JC, Bähr M, Weishaupt JH: Neuron-specific overexpression of the co-chaperone Bcl-2-associated athanogene-1 in superoxide dismutase 1(G93A)-transgenic mice. Neuroscience; 2008 Dec 10;157(4):844-9
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  • [Title] Neuron-specific overexpression of the co-chaperone Bcl-2-associated athanogene-1 in superoxide dismutase 1(G93A)-transgenic mice.
  • Bcl-2-associated athanogene-1 (BAG1) binds heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp70)/Hsc70, increases intracellular chaperone activity in neurons and proved to be protective in several models for neurodegeneration.
  • Moreover, expression of mtSOD1 decreases BAG1 levels in a motoneuronal cell line.
  • [MeSH-minor] Age Factors. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / genetics. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / metabolism. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / mortality. Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis / pathology. Animals. Disease Models, Animal. Humans. Mice. Mice, Transgenic. Motor Activity / genetics. Phosphopyruvate Hydratase / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Spinal Cord / pathology. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 18955116.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-4522
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroscience
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCL2-associated athanogene 1 protein; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Transcription Factors; EC 1.15.1.- / SOD1 G93A protein; EC 1.15.1.1 / Superoxide Dismutase; EC 4.2.1.11 / Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
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75. Marculescu R, Vanura K, Montpellier B, Roulland S, Le T, Navarro JM, Jäger U, McBlane F, Nadel B: Recombinase, chromosomal translocations and lymphoid neoplasia: targeting mistakes and repair failures. DNA Repair (Amst); 2006 Sep 8;5(9-10):1246-58
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  • [Title] Recombinase, chromosomal translocations and lymphoid neoplasia: targeting mistakes and repair failures.
  • Due to the unique feature of lymphoid cells to somatically rearrange and mutate receptor genes, and to the corresponding strong activity of the immune enhancers/promoters at that stage of cell development, B- and T-cell differentiation pathways represent propitious targets for chromosomal translocations and oncogene activation.
  • Surprisingly, V(D)J-mediated translocations turn out to be restricted to two specific sub-types of lymphoid malignancies, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias, and a restricted set of mature B-cell Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Repair. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics. Lymphoma, B-Cell / genetics. Recombinases / genetics. Recombination, Genetic. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 16798110.001).
  • [ISSN] 1568-7864
  • [Journal-full-title] DNA repair
  • [ISO-abbreviation] DNA Repair (Amst.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Recombinases
  • [Number-of-references] 88
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76. Kapetanakis V, Karlin NJ, McCullough AE, Magtibay PM: Primary ovarian malignant lymphoma presenting as ovarian carcinomatosis: a case report and literature review. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2010;31(6):701-2
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  • [Title] Primary ovarian malignant lymphoma presenting as ovarian carcinomatosis: a case report and literature review.
  • INTRODUCTION: Primary ovarian lymphoma may present with a clinical scenario consistent with advanced epithelial ovarian carcinoma.
  • Although ovarian lymphoma is a rare entity, accounting for 0.5% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and 1.5% of all ovarian neoplasms, it should be included in the differential diagnosis of an ovarian mass.
  • CASE: We report a case of a 78-year-old woman who presented with an ovarian neoplasm suggestive of advanced ovarian carcinoma.
  • During diagnostic laparoscopy, biopsies were obtained with frozen section analysis revealing malignant lymphoma.
  • Further histopathologic analysis revealed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).
  • CONCLUSION: Primary ovarian lymphoma presenting as an ovarian tumor is exceedingly rare.
  • Since the prognosis and treatment of lymphoma differs significantly from ovarian carcinoma, a representative tissue sample of the adnexal tumor should be obtained and sent for frozen section analysis to establish the diagnosis.
  • Principal treatment for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is chemotherapy without surgical cytoreductive efforts.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Staging. Treatment Outcome


77. Timmerman JM, Vose JM, Czerwinski DK, Weng WK, Ingolia D, Mayo M, Denney DW, Levy R: Tumor-specific recombinant idiotype immunisation after chemotherapy as initial treatment for follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Leuk Lymphoma; 2009 Jan;50(1):37-46
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  • [Title] Tumor-specific recombinant idiotype immunisation after chemotherapy as initial treatment for follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Tumor-specific variable regions of the clonal immunoglobulin (idiotype, Id) expressed by B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) can be targeted by active immunotherapy.
  • We conducted a phase I/II trial to determine the safety and immunogenicity of a patient-specific, recombinant, mammalian cell-derived Id protein conjugated to keyhole limpet hemocyanin (Id-KLH; MyVax personalised immunotherapy) in 22 patients with follicular NHL in first remission after chemotherapy.
  • Evoked anti-Id antibodies recognised both recombinant Id and native Id, and could specifically stain autologous tumor cells.
  • Immunisation of follicular lymphoma patients with MyVax Id-KLH is safe and patients often mount tumor-specific immune responses.

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  • [CommentIn] Leuk Lymphoma. 2009 Jan;50(1):1-2 [19172492.001]
  • (PMID = 19125383.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / RR-00070-CAP; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA111827-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA111827-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA111827-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA111827-03; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR000070
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Cancer Vaccines; 0 / Immunoglobulin Idiotypes; 0 / Recombinant Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS217707; NLM/ PMC2914563
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78. Senff NJ, Noordijk EM, Kim YH, Bagot M, Berti E, Cerroni L, Dummer R, Duvic M, Hoppe RT, Pimpinelli N, Rosen ST, Vermeer MH, Whittaker S, Willemze R, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, International Society for Cutaneous Lymphoma: European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer and International Society for Cutaneous Lymphoma consensus recommendations for the management of cutaneous B-cell lymphomas. Blood; 2008 Sep 1;112(5):1600-9
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  • [Title] European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer and International Society for Cutaneous Lymphoma consensus recommendations for the management of cutaneous B-cell lymphomas.
  • Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (CBCL) represent approximately 20% to 25% of all primary cutaneous lymphomas.
  • With the advent of the World Health Organization-European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Consensus Classification for Cutaneous Lymphomas in 2005, uniform terminology and classification for this rare group of neoplasms were introduced.
  • However, staging procedures and treatment strategies still vary between different cutaneous lymphoma centers, which may be because consensus recommendations for the management of CBCL have never been published.
  • Based on an extensive literature search and discussions within the EORTC Cutaneous Lymphoma Group and the International Society for Cutaneous Lymphomas, the present report aims to provide uniform recommendations for the management of the 3 main groups of CBCL.
  • Despite these limitations, there was consensus among the members of the multidisciplinary expert panel that these recommendations reflect the state-of-the-art management as currently practiced in major cutaneous lymphoma centers.
  • They may therefore contribute to uniform staging and treatment and form the basis for future clinical trials in patients with a CBCL.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell / therapy. Skin Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Humans. Interferon Type I / administration & dosage. Lyme Disease / complications. Lyme Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / diagnosis. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / pathology. Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone / therapy. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / therapy. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Radiotherapy Dosage. Recombinant Proteins. Rituximab

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  • (PMID = 18567836.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Practice Guideline; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Interferon Type I; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
  • [Number-of-references] 123
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79. Urban PP, Kaczmarek E, Wellach I, Brüning R, Brüllke N, Schulte C, Knop K, Weis J: [Neurolymphomatosis. Subacute sensorimotor polyneuropathy as a first sign of non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma]. Nervenarzt; 2008 Jun;79(6):699-702
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  • [Title] [Neurolymphomatosis. Subacute sensorimotor polyneuropathy as a first sign of non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Neurolymphomatose. Subakute sensomotorische Polyneuropathie als Erstmanifestation eines Non-Hodgkin-B-Zell-Lymphoms.
  • Nerve biopsy demonstrated neurolymphomatosis as an initial manifestation of a non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell / complications. Lymphoma, B-Cell / diagnosis. Polyneuropathies / diagnosis. Polyneuropathies / etiology. Sensation Disorders / diagnosis. Sensation Disorders / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Birds. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • [Journal-full-title] Der Nervenarzt
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nervenarzt
  • [Language] ger
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80. Watanuki J, Hatakeyama K, Sonoki T, Tatetsu H, Yoshida K, Fujii S, Mizutani M, Abo T, Kurimoto M, Matsuoka H, Matsuno F, Nakakuma H: Bone marrow large B cell lymphoma bearing cyclin D3 expression: clinical, morphologic, immunophenotypic, and genotypic analyses of seven patients. Int J Hematol; 2009 Sep;90(2):217-25
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  • [Title] Bone marrow large B cell lymphoma bearing cyclin D3 expression: clinical, morphologic, immunophenotypic, and genotypic analyses of seven patients.
  • We report seven large B cell lymphoma patients showing the involvement of tumor cells with cyclin D3 (CCND3) expression in bone marrow (BM) at the initial diagnosis.
  • The tumor cells were divided into those with a lymphoplasmacytoid or blastoid appearance.
  • Six cases were confirmed to express CD5 antigen on tumor cells.
  • Further studies are required to determine whether CCND3 expression is associated with a unique subset of diffuse large B cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / physiology. Bone Marrow Cells / physiology. Cyclins / genetics. Genotype. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19639271.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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81. Ayers LW, Silver S, McGrath MS, Orenstein JM: The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource: role in HIV/AIDS scientific discovery. Infect Agent Cancer; 2007;2:7
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  • The ACSR was established as a cooperative agreement between the NCI (Office of the Director, Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis) and regional consortia, University of California, San Francisco (West Coast), George Washington University (East Coast) and Ohio State University (Mid-Region) to collect, preserve and disperse HIV-related tissues and biologic fluids and controls along with clinical data to qualified investigators.
  • The available biological samples with clinical data and the application process are described on the ACSR web site.
  • Requests have been greatest for Kaposi's sarcoma (32%) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (26%).
  • ACSR also provides tissue microarrays of, e.g., Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, for biomarker assays and has developed collaborations with other groups that provide access to additional AIDS-related malignancy specimens.

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  • (PMID = 17335575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-9378
  • [Journal-full-title] Infectious agents and cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Agents Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066531
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1851770
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82. Tari A, Asaoku H, Kashiwado K, Yoshino T, Kitadai Y, Tanaka S, Fujihara M: Predictive value of endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography for regression of gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas after Helicobacter pylori eradication. Dig Endosc; 2009 Oct;21(4):219-27
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  • [Title] Predictive value of endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasonography for regression of gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas after Helicobacter pylori eradication.
  • BACKGROUND: Some gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas have been reported to regress completely after the successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics of gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas without any detectable mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma that went into complete remission after successful H. pylori eradication.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined the effect of H. pylori eradication in 15 H. pylori-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients without any evidence of an associated MALT lymphoma (clinical stage I by the Lugano classification) by endoscopic examination including biopsies, endoscopic ultrasonography, computed tomography, and bone marrow aspiration.
  • RESULTS: H. pylori eradication was successful in all the patients and complete remission was achieved in four patients whose clinical stage was I.
  • CONCLUSION: In gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas without a concomitant MALT lymphoma but associated with H. pylori infection, only superficial cases and lesions limited to the shallow portion of the submucosa regressed completely after successful H. pylori eradication.
  • The endoscopic appearance and the rating of the depth of invasion by endosonography are both valuable for predicting the efficacy of H. pylori eradication in treating gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy. Endosonography. Helicobacter Infections / drug therapy. Helicobacter pylori. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / diagnosis. Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis


83. Roychoudhury P, Ghosh U, Bhattacharyya NP, Chaudhuri K: Activation of mitochondrial promoter P(H)-binding protein in a radio-resistant Chinese hamster cell strain associated with Bcl-2. Biochem Biophys Res Commun; 2006 Nov 17;350(2):272-6
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  • [Title] Activation of mitochondrial promoter P(H)-binding protein in a radio-resistant Chinese hamster cell strain associated with Bcl-2.
  • Previously, we have shown that up regulation of mitochondrial genes ND1, ND4, and COX1 transcribed from the heavy strand promoter (P(H)) has been increased in a radio-resistant cell strain designated as M5 in comparison with the parental Chinese hamster V79 cells.
  • These genes are also up regulated in Chinese hamster V79 cells VB13 that express exogenous human Bcl2.
  • In the present study, the expression of the gene ND6 that is expressed from the light strand promoter (P(L)) was found to be similar in both the cell lines, as determined by RT-PCR.
  • To test the possibility that this differential expression of mitochondrial genes under these two promoters was mediated by differences in proteins' affinity to interact with these promoters, we have carried out electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) using mitochondrial cell extracts from these two cell lines.
  • Our result of these experiments revealed that two different proteins formed complex with the synthetic promoters and higher amount of protein from M5 cell extracts interacted with the P(H) promoter in comparison to that observed with cell extracts from Chinese hamster V79 cells.
  • These results showed that differential mitochondrial gene expression observed earlier in the radio-resistant M5 cells was due to enhanced interaction proteins with the promoters P(H) and mediated by the expression of Bcl2.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Genes, Mitochondrial. Mitochondrial Proteins / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Radiation Tolerance
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Line. Cricetinae. Cricetulus. Electrophoretic Mobility Shift Assay. Gamma Rays. Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic. Humans. Male. Mitochondria / enzymology. Mitochondria / radiation effects. NADH Dehydrogenase / biosynthesis. NADH Dehydrogenase / genetics. Promoter Regions, Genetic. Protein Subunits / biosynthesis. Protein Subunits / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17007815.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-291X
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemical and biophysical research communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Mitochondrial Proteins; 0 / Protein Subunits; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; EC 1.6.99.3 / NADH Dehydrogenase
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84. Prochorec-Sobieszek M, Wagner T: [Lymphoproliferative disorders in Sjögren's syndrome]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2005;59(4):559-64
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  • INTRODUCTION: Sjögren's syndrome [SS] is an autoimmune disease that mainly affects the exocrine glands.
  • B-cell lymphoproliferation is a characteristic feature of this syndrome and the lesion may range from benign to malignant.
  • RESULTS: Patients with Sjögren's syndrome [SS] have over 40-fold increased risk of the development B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Most cases of lymphomas complicating the course of SS arise in mucosal extranodal sites, especially in the salivary gland, and are classified as low grade marginal zone B-cell lymphoma with long-term survival.
  • The main problem in salivary lymphoproliferation in Sjögren's syndrome consists in the difficulties in the differential diagnosis of lymphoma.
  • Genotypic studies have documented the rearrangement of immunoglobulin genes across the full spectrum of lymphoid infiltrates in the salivary gland including cases regarded as reactive lymphoepithelial sialadenitis [LESA], borderline cases with halos of monocytoid cells surrounding epimyoepithelial islets, and cases with fully developed marginal zone lymphoma [MZL].
  • Thus, the simple detection of B-cell clonality cannot be used as a criterion for the diagnosis of B-cell malignancy.
  • Broad strands of monocytoid B-cells that surround and invade epimyoepithelial islets and monotypic immunoglobulin expression detected by immunohistochemistry are an essential feature for the histopathological diagnosis of MZL.
  • The pathophysiology of lymphoma in SS remains still unknown.
  • Viral infection, hyperstimulation of B cells, disregulation in the process of apoptosis, and unknown oncogenes are suspected to initiate the start of lymphoma.
  • The main clinical features associated with the development of lymphoma in SS include persistent major salivary gland enlargement (> 2 months), persistent lymphadenopathy or splenomegaly, monoclonal gammapathy and type II mixed cryoglobulinemia.
  • The treatment and prognosis of lymphoma associated with SS depend on the type and stage of lymphoma.
  • The nature of these must be determined by multiparameter analysis including clinical, histopathological, immunohistochemical and genotypic studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell / diagnosis. Lymphoma, B-Cell / etiology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / etiology. Sjogren's Syndrome / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD20 / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Genotype. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Sialadenitis / complications. Sialadenitis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16273862.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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85. Schulze-Bergkamen H, Ehrenberg R, Hickmann L, Vick B, Urbanik T, Schimanski CC, Berger MR, Schad A, Weber A, Heeger S, Galle PR, Moehler M: Bcl-x(L) and Myeloid cell leukaemia-1 contribute to apoptosis resistance of colorectal cancer cells. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Jun 28;14(24):3829-40
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  • [Title] Bcl-x(L) and Myeloid cell leukaemia-1 contribute to apoptosis resistance of colorectal cancer cells.
  • AIM: To explore the role of Bcl-x(L) and Myeloid cell leukaemia (Mcl)-1 for the apoptosis resistance of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) cells towards current treatment modalities.
  • METHODS: Bcl-x(L) and Mcl-1 mRNA and protein expression were analyzed in CRC cell lines as well as human CRC tissue by Western blot, quantitative PCR and immunohistochemistry.
  • Bcl-x(L) and Mcl-1 protein expression was knocked down or increased in CRC cell lines by applying specific siRNAs or expression plasmids, respectively.
  • After modulation of protein expression, CRC cells were treated with chemotherapeutic agents, an antagonistic epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR1) antibody, an EGFR1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor, or with the death receptor ligand TRAIL.
  • Apoptosis induction and cell viability were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Here we show that in human CRC tissue and various CRC cell lines both Bcl-x(L) and Mcl-1 are expressed.
  • Bcl-x(L) expression was higher in CRC tissue than in surrounding non-malignant tissue, both on protein and mRNA level.
  • Mcl-1 mRNA expression was significantly lower in malignant tissues.
  • Viability rates of CRC cells were significantly decreased after knock down of Bcl-x(L) expression, and, to a lower extent, after knock down of Mcl-1 expression.
  • Furthermore, cells with reduced Bcl-x(L) or Mcl-1 expression was more sensitive towards oxaliplatin- and irinotecan-induced apoptosis, and in the case of Bcl-x(L) also towards 5-FU-induced apoptosis.
  • On the other hand, upregulation of Bcl-x(L) by transfection of an expression plasmid decreased chemotherapeutic drug-induced apoptosis.
  • EGF treatment clearly induced Bcl-x(L) and Mcl-1 expression in CRC cells.
  • Apoptosis induction upon EGFR1 blockage by cetuximab or PD168393 was increased by inhibiting Mcl-1 and Bcl-x(L) expression.
  • More strikingly, CD95- and TRAIL-induced apoptosis was increased by Bcl-x(L) knock down.
  • CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that Bcl-x(L) and, to a lower extent, Mcl-1, are important anti-apoptotic factors in CRC.
  • Specific downregulation of Bcl-x(L) is a promising approach to sensitize CRC cells towards chemotherapy and targeted therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Apoptosis / drug effects. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. bcl-X Protein / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD95 / metabolism. Camptothecin / analogs & derivatives. Camptothecin / pharmacology. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Survival / drug effects. Fluorouracil / pharmacology. Humans. Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein. Organoplatinum Compounds / pharmacology. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / antagonists & inhibitors. TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18609706.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD95; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / BCL2L1 protein, human; 0 / Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand; 0 / TNFSF10 protein, human; 0 / bcl-X Protein; 04ZR38536J / oxaliplatin; 7673326042 / irinotecan; EC 2.7.10.1 / EGFR protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; XT3Z54Z28A / Camptothecin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2721439
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86. Gobessi S, Laurenti L, Longo PG, Sica S, Leone G, Efremov DG: ZAP-70 enhances B-cell-receptor signaling despite absent or inefficient tyrosine kinase activation in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and lymphoma B cells. Blood; 2007 Mar 1;109(5):2032-9
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  • [Title] ZAP-70 enhances B-cell-receptor signaling despite absent or inefficient tyrosine kinase activation in chronic lymphocytic leukemia and lymphoma B cells.
  • Expression of ZAP-70 is an important negative prognostic factor in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
  • This protein tyrosine kinase is a key mediator of T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling and is structurally homologous to Syk, which plays an analogous role in B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling.
  • We have now compared antigen receptor-induced activation of ZAP-70 in B cells and T cells by analyzing phosphorylation of critical regulatory tyrosine residues.
  • We show that BCR-mediated activation of ZAP-70 is very inefficient in CLL and lymphoma B cells and is negligible when compared to activation of Syk.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, B-Cell / metabolism. Lymphoma, B-Cell / metabolism. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism. Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell / metabolism. Signal Transduction. ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing / metabolism. Enzyme Activation. Humans. Ligands. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism. Phosphorylation. Phosphotyrosine / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl / metabolism. Shc Signaling Adaptor Proteins. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 17038529.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Ligands; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell; 0 / SHC1 protein, human; 0 / Shc Signaling Adaptor Proteins; 21820-51-9 / Phosphotyrosine; EC 2.7.1.- / Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.2 / ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase; EC 2.7.10.2 / ZAP70 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.- / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl; EC 6.3.2.19 / CBLB protein, human
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87. Zain JM, O'Connor O: Targeted treatment and new agents in peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Int J Hematol; 2010 Jul;92(1):33-44
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  • [Title] Targeted treatment and new agents in peripheral T-cell lymphoma.
  • Mature T-cell and NK-cell lymphomas are increasingly being recognized as unique biological entities distinguishable from other forms of lymphomas.
  • Treatment paradigms developed for B-cell lymphomas are considered inadequate for application to these diseases, as indicated by the poor outcome of these patients with the overall 5-year survival remaining below 30% for most histologies.
  • There is a tremendous need for newer treatment options both in the upfront and relapsed setting for T-cell lymphomas.
  • In recent years, there has been a plethora of new targeted agents that have shown promising activity in T-cell lymphomas.
  • The most notable is the novel antifolate pralatrexate that has been approved for the treatment of relapsed and refractory T-cell lymphoma.
  • An improved understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of T-cell lymphomas will help define the role of these agents in the treatment paradigms of T-cell lymphomas both as single agents and as rationally designed combinations and will lead to curative treatments for these difficult diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Drug Delivery Systems / methods. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Disease-Free Survival. Humans

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  • (PMID = 20535594.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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88. O'Mahony D, Morris JC, Quinn C, Gao W, Wilson WH, Gause B, Pittaluga S, Neelapu S, Brown M, Fleisher TA, Gulley JL, Schlom J, Nussenblatt R, Albert P, Davis TA, Lowy I, Petrus M, Waldmann TA, Janik JE: A pilot study of CTLA-4 blockade after cancer vaccine failure in patients with advanced malignancy. Clin Cancer Res; 2007 Feb 1;13(3):958-64
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  • Tumor response, tumor-specific CD8+ T-cell immune responses, and modulation of CD4+ CD25+ FoxP3+ regulatory T-cell (Treg) numbers were secondary end points.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Three patients with colon cancer, four with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and four with prostate cancer were treated.
  • RESULTS: Tumor regression was observed in two patients with lymphoma; one of which obtained a partial response of 14-month duration.
  • No increase in vaccine-specific T-cell responses was observed after therapy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Ipilimumab treatment depressed Treg numbers at early time points in the treatment cycle but was not accompanied by an increase in vaccine-specific CD8+ T-cell responses in these patients previously treated with a variety of investigational anticancer vaccines.
  • A partial response was observed in one patient with follicular lymphoma.
  • A phase I/II trial evaluating ipilimumab in patients with follicular lymphoma is currently ongoing.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, Differentiation / metabolism. Cancer Vaccines. Colonic Neoplasms / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Prostatic Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / metabolism. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / metabolism. CTLA-4 Antigen. Female. Humans. Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit / biosynthesis. L-Selectin / biosynthesis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Pilot Projects. Prostate-Specific Antigen / biosynthesis

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  • [CommentIn] Clin Cancer Res. 2007 Feb 1;13(3):785-8 [17289867.001]
  • (PMID = 17289891.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / CTLA-4 Antigen; 0 / CTLA4 protein, human; 0 / Cancer Vaccines; 0 / Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit; 126880-86-2 / L-Selectin; EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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89. Sumida T, Kitadai Y, Masuda H, Shinagawa K, Tanaka M, Kodama M, Kuroda T, Hiyama T, Tanaka S, Nakayama H, Yoshihara M, Yoshino T, Chayama K: Rapid progression of Epstein-Barr-virus-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma during chemoradiotherapy: a case report. Clin J Gastroenterol; 2008 Oct;1(3):105-109
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  • [Title] Rapid progression of Epstein-Barr-virus-positive gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma during chemoradiotherapy: a case report.
  • Biopsy specimens showed diffuse infiltration of large atypical lymphoid cells in which Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was detected by in situ hybridization.
  • Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), stage II1, was diagnosed.
  • Partial remission was achieved by chemotherapy, but the disease progressed rapidly during radiotherapy.

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  • (PMID = 26193647.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-7257
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chemoradiotherapy / Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma / Epstein-Barr virus
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90. Honeychurch J, Glennie MJ, Illidge TM: Cyclophosphamide inhibition of anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody-based therapy of B cell lymphoma is dependent on CD11b+ cells. Cancer Res; 2005 Aug 15;65(16):7493-501
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  • [Title] Cyclophosphamide inhibition of anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody-based therapy of B cell lymphoma is dependent on CD11b+ cells.
  • We therefore assessed the efficacy of combining anti-CD40 mAb, known to elicit CTL responses against murine lymphoma models with the commonly used cytotoxic drug, cyclophosphamide.
  • In vivo tracking experiments reveal that pretreatment with cyclophosphamide leads to diminished CTL expansion, as well as an increased number of CD11b+ cells that display an activated phenotype.
  • These latter cells are able to inhibit T-cell proliferation, at least in part via production of nitric oxide, but do not induce T-cell apoptosis.
  • Furthermore, adoptive transfer of the induced CD11b+ cells is sufficient to inhibit anti-CD40 therapy in tumor-bearing recipients.
  • We have shown that the timing of cyclophosphamide relative to mAb administration is critical to the therapeutic outcome, and although the combination can improve survival, cyclophosphamide given prior to immunotherapy may generate a population of myeloid cells that can interfere with CTL responses and compromise the therapeutic outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology. Antigens, CD11b / immunology. Antigens, CD40 / immunology. Cyclophosphamide / pharmacology. Immunosuppressive Agents / pharmacology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / immunology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16103104.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD11b; 0 / Antigens, CD40; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
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91. Rizzieri DA, Wadleigh M, Wikstrand CJ, Mann KP, Sen F, Peterson BL, Niedzwiecki D, Proia AD, Bigner DD: Tenascin and microvessel stromal changes in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are isolated to the sites of disease and vary in correlation to disease activity. Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Oct;46(10):1455-62
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  • [Title] Tenascin and microvessel stromal changes in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are isolated to the sites of disease and vary in correlation to disease activity.
  • This study investigated stromal changes in expression of tenascin and vasculogenesis in lymphoma.
  • Documenting the dynamic nature of the stromal changes in lymphoma in relation to response to therapy is helpful in planning new therapies directed at these targets.
  • Two hundred and sixty one samples from 111 patients with varying types of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were reviewed and examined using immunohistochemistry techniques.
  • Multiple samples from the same patient were taken at the same point in time to assess whether stromal changes were limited to sites of disease.
  • Multiple samples were examined over the course of a patient's illness to assess whether the stromal changes were modulated according to disease activity.
  • There was a significant increase in tenascin expression and MVD in the sites of disease compared with uninvolved sites (p = 0.01 and p < 0.0001, respectively).
  • In patients who responded to therapy, there was a decrease in the expression of tenascin (p = 0.0049) and MVD (p < 0.0001), and in those with disease progression there was an increase in the tenascin expression (p = 0.0050) and MVD (p < 0.0001).
  • Our results suggest stromal changes are isolated to the sites of disease within patients, allowing targeted therapies to be developed.
  • Further, stromal changes correlate with disease response over the course of the patient's disease.
  • This new finding may have implications for the timing of anti-stromally directed therapies.
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Vessels / pathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / metabolism. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Microcirculation. Stromal Cells / pathology. Tenascin / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Marrow / blood supply. Disease Progression. Humans. Lymph Nodes / blood supply. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16194891.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1 P20 CA096890; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA11898; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR 30; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS20023
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tenascin
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92. Hemminki K, Eng C, Chen B: Familial risks for nonmedullary thyroid cancer. J Clin Endocrinol Metab; 2005 Oct;90(10):5747-53
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  • CONTEXT: Reliable data on familial risks are important for clinical counseling and cancer genetics.
  • The Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine histology was available from 1993 onward, with 1449 papillary, 288 follicular, 148 anaplastic, and 68 Hurthle cell tumors.
  • Hurthle cell tumors were associated with Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, but the numbers of cases were small.
  • The high risk for papillary carcinoma among women requires clinical attention, although the absolute risks for this rare cancer are still low.

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  • (PMID = 16030170.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-972X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Terrano DT, Upreti M, Chambers TC: Cyclin-dependent kinase 1-mediated Bcl-xL/Bcl-2 phosphorylation acts as a functional link coupling mitotic arrest and apoptosis. Mol Cell Biol; 2010 Feb;30(3):640-56
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  • [Title] Cyclin-dependent kinase 1-mediated Bcl-xL/Bcl-2 phosphorylation acts as a functional link coupling mitotic arrest and apoptosis.
  • Despite detailed knowledge of the components of the spindle assembly checkpoint, a molecular explanation of how cells die after prolonged spindle checkpoint activation, and thus how microtubule inhibitors and other antimitotic drugs ultimately elicit their lethal effects, has yet to emerge.
  • Mitotically arrested cells typically display extensive phosphorylation of two key antiapoptotic proteins, Bcl-x(L) and Bcl-2, and evidence suggests that phosphorylation disables their antiapoptotic activity.
  • In this report, evidence is presented that cyclin-dependent kinase 1 (CDK1)/cyclin B catalyzes mitotic-arrest-induced Bcl-x(L)/Bcl-2 phosphorylation.
  • When mitosis is prolonged in the absence of microtubule inhibition, Bcl-x(L) and Bcl-2 become highly phosphorylated.
  • Transient overexpression of nondegradable cyclin B1 caused apoptotic death, which was blocked by a phosphodefective Bcl-x(L) mutant but not by a phosphomimetic Bcl-x(L) mutant, confirming Bcl-x(L) as a key target of proapoptotic CDK1 signaling.
  • These findings suggest a model whereby a switch in the duration of CDK1 activation, from transient during mitosis to sustained during mitotic arrest, dramatically increases the extent of Bcl-x(L)/Bcl-2 phosphorylation, resulting in inactivation of their antiapoptotic function.
  • Thus, phosphorylation of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 proteins acts as a sensor for CDK1 signal duration and as a functional link coupling mitotic arrest to apoptosis.

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  • (PMID = 19917720.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-5549
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109821; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-109821
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0 / Tubulin Modulators; 0 / bcl-X Protein; 5V9KLZ54CY / Vinblastine; EC 2.7.11.1 / Aurora Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.11.22 / CDC2 Protein Kinase; EC 2.7.12.2 / MAP Kinase Kinase 4
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2812246
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94. Wickham CL, Harries LW, Sarsfield P, Joyner MV, Ellard S: Large variation in t(11;14)(q13;q32) and t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation product size is confirmed by sequence analysis of PCR products. Clin Lab Haematol; 2006 Aug;28(4):248-53
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  • Polymerase chain reaction is commonly used to detect t(11;14)(q13;q32) and t(14;18)(q32;q21) chromosomal translocations associated with mantle cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma.
  • We tested a total of 482 samples from patients with suspected non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and sequenced unusual-sized t(11;14)(q13;q32) and t(14;18)(q32;q21) products from 33 of these patients.
  • BCL-1 or BCL-2 gene rearrangements were confirmed in 23 of 33 patients (70%).
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 / genetics. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / genetics. Translocation, Genetic / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Genes, bcl-1 / genetics. Genes, bcl-2 / genetics. Humans. Molecular Sequence Data. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16898964.001).
  • [ISSN] 0141-9854
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and laboratory haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Lab Haematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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95. van der Velden AM, Claessen AM, van Velzen-Blad H, Biesma DH, Rijkers GT: Development of T cell-mediated immunity after autologous stem cell transplantation: prolonged impairment of antigen-stimulated production of gamma-interferon. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2007 Aug;40(3):261-6
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  • [Title] Development of T cell-mediated immunity after autologous stem cell transplantation: prolonged impairment of antigen-stimulated production of gamma-interferon.
  • We studied the recovery of cellular immunity by in vitro analysis of T-cell proliferation and cytokine production profiles during the first 15 months after auto-SCT in patients with multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • T-cell proliferation progressively increased from 6 to 15 months after auto-SCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens / immunology. Interferon-gamma / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology. Multiple Myeloma / immunology. Stem Cell Transplantation. Th1 Cells / immunology. Th2 Cells / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology. Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology. Antigens, CD2 / immunology. Antigens, CD2 / pharmacology. Antigens, CD28 / immunology. Antigens, CD28 / pharmacology. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Cytokines / immunology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunity, Cellular. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Phytohemagglutinins / immunology. Phytohemagglutinins / pharmacology. Tetanus Toxoid / immunology. Tetanus Toxoid / pharmacology. Time Factors. Transplantation Conditioning / adverse effects. Transplantation, Autologous. Virus Diseases / etiology. Virus Diseases / immunology

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  • (PMID = 17563737.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens; 0 / Antigens, CD2; 0 / Antigens, CD28; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Phytohemagglutinins; 0 / Tetanus Toxoid; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
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96. Pan J, Huang H, Sun L, Fang B, Yeung SC: Bcl-2-associated X protein is the main mediator of manumycin a-induced apoptosis in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells. J Clin Endocrinol Metab; 2005 Jun;90(6):3583-91
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  • [Title] Bcl-2-associated X protein is the main mediator of manumycin a-induced apoptosis in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells.
  • We previously demonstrated that the combination of paclitaxel and manumycin A, a farnesyltransferase inhibitor, enhanced apoptosis of anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) cells.
  • We also found that manumycin induced translocation of Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), another possible mediator of cytochrome c release, from the cytosol to the mitochondria.
  • Using a binary adenoviral vector system, we found that overexpression of Bax enhanced manumycin-induced apoptosis of ATC cells, and the combination of manumycin and overexpression of Bax increased inhibition of ATC xenograft growth in nude mice.
  • Thus, we concluded that manumycin-induced apoptosis in ATC cells was primarily mediated by Bax and that increasing Bax expression may sensitize ATC cells to manumycin.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / drug effects. Polyenes / toxicity. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / physiology. Thyroid Neoplasms / pathology. Thyroid Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Carcinoma. Cell Line, Tumor. Enzyme Inhibitors / toxicity. Humans. Mice. Mice, Nude. Mitochondria / drug effects. Mitochondria / pathology. Mitochondria / ultrastructure. Paclitaxel / toxicity. Polyunsaturated Alkamides. Transplantation, Heterologous. bcl-X Protein

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  • (PMID = 15769983.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-972X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 16672
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCL2L1 protein, human; 0 / Bcl2l1 protein, mouse; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Polyenes; 0 / Polyunsaturated Alkamides; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / bcl-X Protein; 52665-74-4 / manumycin; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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97. Finnberg N, El-Deiry WS: TRAIL death receptors as tumor suppressors and drug targets. Cell Cycle; 2008 Jun 1;7(11):1525-8
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  • Various ways of targeting TRAIL-death receptors for the treatment of a diverse set of malignancies are being explored in ongoing clinical trials.
  • Recent data of ours and others suggest that loss of the only death signaling receptor in mice (TRAIL-R) is associated with susceptibility to various stages of lymphomagenesis and carcinogenesis, perhaps in a complex cell- and model-specific manner.
  • Myc-overexpressing B cell lymphomas with an intact TRAIL-R locus displayed a number of gene expression changes indicating resistance to TRAIL-R signaling.
  • As cell death signaling through the death receptors is evolutionary conserved from zebra fish to man, novel genetically engineered mouse tumor models may prove useful in establishing in vivo models that excel our fundamental understanding of resistance to TRAIL-death receptor signaling, off-target effects from TRAIL-death receptor targeting compounds and help in identifying a clinically cogent rationale for efficient targeting of TRAIL death receptors in patients.

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  • (PMID = 18469516.001).
  • [ISSN] 1551-4005
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Cycle
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand; 0 / TNFSF10 protein, human
  • [Number-of-references] 51
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98. Tucker CA, Bebb G, Klasa RJ, Chhanabhai M, Lestou V, Horsman DE, Gascoyne RD, Wiestner A, Masin D, Bally M, Williams ME: Four human t(11;14)(q13;q32)-containing cell lines having classic and variant features of Mantle Cell Lymphoma. Leuk Res; 2006 Apr;30(4):449-57
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Four human t(11;14)(q13;q32)-containing cell lines having classic and variant features of Mantle Cell Lymphoma.
  • The objectives of this study were foremost to further characterize pre-existing cell lines containing the t(11;14)(q13;q32) translocation.
  • This translocation along with cyclin D1 overexpression is characteristic of Mantle Cell Lymphoma (MCL), an aggressive B cell neoplasm.
  • In this study, the cell lines, Z-138 and HBL-2, which exhibited the fastest growth rates and the shortest survival times in Rag2-M mice, had high expression of either one or both cyclin D1 mRNA isoforms and had negligible expression of p16.
  • Furthermore, JVM-2, which was found to have the lowest expression of cyclin D1, was the only cell line that expressed cyclin D2.
  • The results of the characterization of Z-138, HBL-2, NCEB-1 and JVM-2 reveal that this group of cell lines represents both classic and variant features of MCL.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Base Sequence. Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Cyclin D1 / genetics. DNA Primers. Female. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Humans. Immunophenotyping. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Male. Mice. Polymerase Chain Reaction. RNA, Messenger / genetics


99. Wu LX, La Rose J, Chen L, Neale C, Mak T, Okkenhaug K, Wange R, Rottapel R: CD28 regulates the translation of Bcl-xL via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin pathway. J Immunol; 2005 Jan 1;174(1):180-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] CD28 regulates the translation of Bcl-xL via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin pathway.
  • In concert with the TCR, CD28 promotes T cell survival by regulating the expression of the antiapoptotic protein Bcl-x(L).
  • The mechanism by which CD28 mediates the induction of Bcl-x(L) remains unknown.
  • We show that although signaling through the TCR is sufficient to stimulate transcription of Bcl-x(L) mRNA, CD28, by activating PI3K and mammalian target of rapamycin, provides a critical signal that regulates the translation of Bcl-x(L) transcripts.
  • We observe that CD28 induced 4E-binding protein-1 phosphorylation, an inhibitor of the translational machinery, and that CD28 costimulation directly augmented the translation of a Bcl-x(L) 5'-untranslated region reporter construct.
  • Lastly, costimulation by CD28 shifted the distribution of Bcl-x(L) mRNA transcripts from the pretranslation complex to the translationally active polyribosomes.
  • These results demonstrate that CD28 relieves the translational inhibition of Bcl-x(L) in a PI3K/mammalian target of rapamycin-dependent manner.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD28 / metabolism. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism. Protein Biosynthesis / immunology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antigens, CD3 / immunology. Antigens, CD3 / metabolism. Blotting, Northern. Cell Death / physiology. Cells, Cultured. Chromones / pharmacology. Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunosuppressive Agents / pharmacology. Interleukin-2 / biosynthesis. Interleukin-2 / immunology. Jurkat Cells. Mice. Mice, Transgenic. Morpholines / pharmacology. RNA, Messenger / analysis. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Sirolimus / pharmacology. Transfection. bcl-X Protein

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  • (PMID = 15611240.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1767
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD28; 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / BCL2L1 protein, human; 0 / Bcl2l1 protein, mouse; 0 / Chromones; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 0 / Interleukin-2; 0 / Morpholines; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / bcl-X Protein; 154447-36-6 / 2-(4-morpholinyl)-8-phenyl-4H-1-benzopyran-4-one; EC 2.7.1.- / Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases; W36ZG6FT64 / Sirolimus
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100. Daly RM, Healy CM, Toner ME, Flint SR: Spontaneous regression of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the oral cavity after incisional biopsy. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2008 Apr;46(3):223-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous regression of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the oral cavity after incisional biopsy.
  • We report a case of gingival T cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that responded initially to chemotherapy, recurred at another site a year later, but regressed spontaneously after incisional biopsy.
  • We are not aware of any other reports about spontaneous regression of T cell lymphomas in the oral cavity.
  • [MeSH-major] Gingival Neoplasms. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral

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  • (PMID = 17478018.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1940
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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