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1. Hassan R, White LR, Stefanoff CG, de Oliveira DE, Felisbino FE, Klumb CE, Bacchi CE, Seuánez HN, Zalcberg IR: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection and typing by PCR: a contribution to diagnostic screening of EBV-positive Burkitt's lymphoma. Diagn Pathol; 2006 Aug 07;1:17
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  • We performed a systematic comparison between RISH and PCR for EBV detection, in a group of childhood B-cell Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL), aiming to validate PCR as a first, rapid method for the diagnosis of EBV-associated B-cell NHL.
  • METHODS: EBV infection was investigated in formalin fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples of 41 children with B-cell NHL, including 35 Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by in situ hybridization of EBV-encoded small RNA (EBER-RISH) and PCR assays based on EBNA2 amplification.

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  • (PMID = 16893464.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082274
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1559641
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2. Fujita N, Mori T, Mitsui T, Inada H, Horibe K, Tsurusawa M, Lymphoma Committee of the Japanese Pediatric Leukemia/Lymphoma Study Group: The role of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with relapsed or primary refractory childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and mature B-cell leukemia: a retrospective analysis of enrolled cases in Japan. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Aug;51(2):188-92
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  • [Title] The role of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with relapsed or primary refractory childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and mature B-cell leukemia: a retrospective analysis of enrolled cases in Japan.
  • BACKGROUND: There have been excellent treatment results for children with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) and mature B-cell leukemia (B-ALL) in the last few decades.
  • Among 18 patients who had a chemotherapy-sensitive disease, 4 of 5 patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) during remission survived without progression, while 3 of 12 patients who did not receive HSCT were alive without disease progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, B-Cell / therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / therapy


3. Cowan SA: Denmark decides not to introduce hepatitis B into the childhood vaccination programme. Euro Surveill; 2005;10(11):E051103.3
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  • [Title] Denmark decides not to introduce hepatitis B into the childhood vaccination programme.

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  • (PMID = 16794274.001).
  • [ISSN] 1560-7917
  • [Journal-full-title] Euro surveillance : bulletin Européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Euro Surveill.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hepatitis B Vaccines
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4. Fais F, Tenca C, Cimino G, Coletti V, Zanardi S, Bagnara D, Saverino D, Zarcone D, De Rossi G, Ciccone E, Grossi CE: CD1d expression on B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia subsets with poor prognosis. Leukemia; 2005 Apr;19(4):551-6
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  • [Title] CD1d expression on B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia subsets with poor prognosis.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most frequent malignancy of childhood.
  • We investigated CD1d expression in 80 pediatric B-cell precursor (BCP) ALL cases defined according to immunophenotype, cytogenetic features and age at onset.
  • CD1d+ ALLs were significantly associated with infant leukemia, pro-B phenotype and mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)/AF4 gene rearrangement.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD1 / metabolism. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD1d. B-Lymphocytes / cytology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Communication. Cell Line. Child. Galactosylceramides / metabolism. Humans. Infant. Killer Cells, Natural / cytology. Killer Cells, Natural / metabolism. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 15744356.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD1; 0 / Antigens, CD1d; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CD1D protein, human; 0 / Galactosylceramides; 0 / alpha-galactosylceramide
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5. Hill A, Short MA, Varghese C, Kusumakumary P, Kumari P, Morgan GJ: The t(12:21) is underrepresented in childhood B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Kerala, Southern India. Haematologica; 2005 Mar;90(3):414-6
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  • [Title] The t(12:21) is underrepresented in childhood B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Kerala, Southern India.
  • t(12;21) (TEL/AML1) is the most common genetic event in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) in Western countries.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Humans. Incidence. India / epidemiology. Leukemia, B-Cell. Molecular Epidemiology


6. Jetsrisuparb A, Wiangnon S, Komvilaisak P, Kularbkaew C, Yutanawiboonchai W, Mairieng E: Rituximab combined with CHOP for successful treatment of aggressive recurrent, pediatric B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Apr;27(4):223-6
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  • [Title] Rituximab combined with CHOP for successful treatment of aggressive recurrent, pediatric B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • This report is the first to describe the successful treatment of a 14-year-old boy with aggressive recurrent, CD20-positive, B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Rituximab and CHOP in addition to chemotherapy may be an alternative treatment for aggressive recurrent, pediatric CD20-positive B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma if highly intensive chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation are not available.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 15838396.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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7. Li YQ, Wu XL, Yang LJ, Chen SH, Geng SX, Przybylski G, Schmidt CA: [Thymic recent output function in patients with B-cell lymphocytic malignancies]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Oct;15(5):1023-7
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  • [Title] [Thymic recent output function in patients with B-cell lymphocytic malignancies].
  • The aim of the study was to analyze the naive T cell level of thymic recent output in patients with B-cell malignancies, thereby to evaluate the potential T-cell function.
  • Quantitative analysis of T-cell receptor rearrangement excision circles (TRECs) in DNA of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 61 cases of B-cell lymphocytic malignancy (including 20 cases of adult B-ALL, 6 case of childhood B-ALL, 4 cases of B-CLL, 17 cases of B-NHL and 14 cases of MM) were preformed by real-time PCR (TaqMan), and TREC-level was detected according to the number of CD3-positive cells.
  • The mean value of TRECs was 0.53 +/- 1.52 copies/1000 PBMNC and 2.01 +/- 3.93 copies/1000 CD3+ cells in adult B-ALL (p = 0.0005, p = 0.0123), 0.11 +/- 0.15 copies/1000 PBMNC and 0.23 +/- 0.27 copies/1000 CD3+ cells in B-CLL (p = 0.0015, p = 0.0381), 0.71 +/- 1.34 copies/1000 PBMNC in B-NHL (p = 0.0017), 0.53 +/- 0.90 copies/1000 PBMNC in MM patients (p = 0.0018), as compared with 3.76 +/- 3.42 copies/1000 PBMNC and 5.87 +/- 4.96 copies/1000 CD3+ cells in normal individuals, the TREC level was significantly decreased in all groups of B-cell lymphocytic malignancy, as well as in ALL-CR group.
  • However, the TREC level in childhood B-ALL was significant higher than those in adult B-ALL group.
  • It is concluded that the function of thymic recent outputting naive T cells in B-cell malignancies significantly decreases, however, the individual difference of thymic output function is obvious.
  • The thymic recent output function can not be recovered during CR phase in patients with B-cell malignancies, so that dynamic analysis of TREC level is necessary.

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  • (PMID = 17956683.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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8. Schoumans J, Johansson B, Corcoran M, Kuchinskaya E, Golovleva I, Grandér D, Forestier E, Staaf J, Borg A, Gustafsson B, Blennow E, Nordgren A: Characterisation of dic(9;20)(p11-13;q11) in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia by tiling resolution array-based comparative genomic hybridisation reveals clustered breakpoints at 9p13.2 and 20q11.2. Br J Haematol; 2006 Nov;135(4):492-9
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  • [Title] Characterisation of dic(9;20)(p11-13;q11) in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia by tiling resolution array-based comparative genomic hybridisation reveals clustered breakpoints at 9p13.2 and 20q11.2.
  • Although the dic(9;20)(p11-13;q11) is a recurrent chromosomal abnormality in paediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP ALL), occurring in approximately 2% of the cases, its molecular genetic consequences have not been elucidated.
  • In the present study, high-resolution genome-wide array-based comparative genomic hybridisation (array-CGH) and fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) were used to characterise the 9p and 20q breakpoints (BPs) in seven childhood BCP ALLs with dic(9;20), which was shown to be unbalanced in all of them, resulting in loss of 9p13.2-pter.
  • One of the ALLs, shown to have a complex dic(9;20), was further investigated by FISH, revealing a rearrangement of the haemapoietic cell kinase isoform p61 (HCK) gene at 20q11.

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  • (PMID = 16999846.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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9. Steiner M, Attarbaschi A, König M, Nebral K, Gadner H, Haas OA, Mann G, Austrian Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster Group: Equal frequency of TEL/AML1 rearrangements in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia with and without Down syndrome. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Apr-May;22(3):229-34
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  • [Title] Equal frequency of TEL/AML1 rearrangements in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia with and without Down syndrome.
  • Constitutional trisomy 21 is the most prominent predisposing factor to childhood leukemia, whereas the t(12;21)(p13;q22) with its molecular genetic counterpart, the TEL/AML1 fusion gene, is the most common acquired chromosomal rearrangement in childhood B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Accordingly, they were able to analyze 8 of 10 individuals with DS and a BCP ALL, two of whom who suffered from a TEL/AML1+ leukemia.
  • Based on this observation they concluded that individuals with BCP leukemia and a constitutional trisomy 21 may have similar likelihood to have a TEL/AML1 rearrangement as BCP ALL patients without this specific predisposing factor.
  • [MeSH-major] Down Syndrome / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [RepublishedFrom] Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2005 Jan-Feb;22(1):11-6 [15770827.001]
  • (PMID = 16020107.001).
  • [ISSN] 0888-0018
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Corrected and Republished Article; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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10. Stefan DC, Stones D: How much does it cost to treat children with Hodgkin lymphoma in Africa? Leuk Lymphoma; 2009 Feb;50(2):196-9
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  • Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a common B-cell childhood neoplasm and it has a higher incidence in the 0-14 year age group in developing countries compared to developed countries.

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  • [CommentIn] Leuk Lymphoma. 2009 Feb;50(2):152-3 [19235011.001]
  • (PMID = 19197725.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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11. Ahmad N, Zaidi A, Badar F, Maaz AU, Akram MS: Clinical characteristics and outcome analysis of pediatric B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience with FAB-LMB 96 and UKCCSG B-cell NHL guidelines in a developing country. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol; 2010 Mar;6(1):49-56
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  • [Title] Clinical characteristics and outcome analysis of pediatric B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience with FAB-LMB 96 and UKCCSG B-cell NHL guidelines in a developing country.
  • AIM: To analyze the clinical characteristics of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients and the therapeutic efficacy of French-American-British Lymphoma Malins de Burkitt 96 and the recent United Kingdom Children's Cancer Study Group B-cell NHL guidelines in the tertiary care hospital of a developing country.
  • METHODS: Patients aged < or =18 years registered at our hospital between January 1995 and December 2006 with histologically proved B-Cell NHL were selected for retrospective analysis.
  • Of these 95 had Burkitt's lymphoma, 22 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and five had B-cell NHL not otherwise specified.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / mortality. Practice Guidelines as Topic

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  • (PMID = 20398038.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-7563
  • [Journal-full-title] Asia-Pacific journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asia Pac J Clin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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12. Liu Y, Li ZG, Zhao W, Li B, Gong WY, Wu MY: [Immunophenotypic characteristics of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia carrying TEL-AML1 fusion gene]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Aug;14(4):714-6
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  • [Title] [Immunophenotypic characteristics of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia carrying TEL-AML1 fusion gene].
  • To investigate the immunological and other clinical characteristics in TEL/AML1+ childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), immunophenotyping was performed with three-color flow cytometry, and the expression of TEL-AML1 fusion gene was detected with nested RT-PCR.
  • (2) compared with TEL-AML1- group, no significant difference was found in age, gender, white cell count and blasts count in peripheral blood of TEL-AML1+;.
  • It is concluded that TEL-AML1 rearrangement is a frequent molecular abnormality in childhood ALL.
  • These characteristics may be useful in detection of minimal residual leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 16928306.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein; EC 3.4.11.2 / Antigens, CD13
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13. Gaipa G, Basso G, Aliprandi S, Migliavacca M, Vallinoto C, Maglia O, Faini A, Veltroni M, Husak D, Schumich A, Ratei R, Biondi A, Dworzak MN, I-BFM-ALL-FCM-MRD-Study Group: Prednisone induces immunophenotypic modulation of CD10 and CD34 in nonapoptotic B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells. Cytometry B Clin Cytom; 2008 May;74(3):150-5
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  • [Title] Prednisone induces immunophenotypic modulation of CD10 and CD34 in nonapoptotic B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
  • BACKGROUND: Immunophenotypic modulation is induced by steroids in pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) patients during remission induction therapy.
  • RESULTS: Leukemia samples that sustained the treatment in vitro with prednisone, showed significative reduction of CD10 and CD34 expression compared with control, and it was comparable with that observed in residual leukemic cells of the same patients in BM at day 15 of treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Neprilysin / metabolism. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid / drug effects. Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid / immunology. Prednisone / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Cell Culture Techniques. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Infant. Male. Remission Induction

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Clinical Cytometry Society
  • (PMID = 18271020.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-4957
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytometry. Part B, Clinical cytometry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytometry B Clin Cytom
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
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14. Moorman AV, Ensor HM, Richards SM, Chilton L, Schwab C, Kinsey SE, Vora A, Mitchell CD, Harrison CJ: Prognostic effect of chromosomal abnormalities in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: results from the UK Medical Research Council ALL97/99 randomised trial. Lancet Oncol; 2010 May;11(5):429-38
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic effect of chromosomal abnormalities in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: results from the UK Medical Research Council ALL97/99 randomised trial.
  • BACKGROUND: Chromosomal abnormalities in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia are well established disease markers and indicators of outcomes.
  • METHODS: We analysed cytogenetic data from 1725 children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia who were included in the UK Medical Research Council ALL97/99 study and followed up for a median time of 8.2 years.
  • Multivariate analysis incorporating age, white-cell count, and treatment parameters showed that six cytogenetic abnormalities (ETV6-RUNX1, high hyperdiploidy, iAMP21, t(9;22), loss of 13q, and abnormal 17p) retained their significance for effect on relapse risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Lancet Oncol. 2010 May;11(5):403-4 [20409755.001]
  • [ErratumIn] Lancet Oncol. 2010 Jun;11(6):516
  • (PMID = 20409752.001).
  • [ISSN] 1474-5488
  • [Journal-full-title] The Lancet. Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lancet Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0300130; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / MC/ U137686856
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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15. Miller AL, Komak S, Webb MS, Leiter EH, Thompson EB: Gene expression profiling of leukemic cells and primary thymocytes predicts a signature for apoptotic sensitivity to glucocorticoids. Cancer Cell Int; 2007 Nov 28;7:18
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  • Pediatric CD4+/CD8+ T-cell leukemia was represented by 3 CEM clones: two sensitive, CEM-C7-14 and CEM-C1-6, and one resistant, CEM-C1-15, to Dex.
  • GC-sensitive pediatric B-cell leukemia was represented by the SUP-B15 line and adult B-cell leukemia by RS4;11 cells.
  • Kasumi-1 cells gave an example of the rare Dex-sensitive acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML).
  • To test the generality of the correlations in malignant cell gene sets, we compared with GC effects on mouse non-transformed thymocytes.

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  • (PMID = 18045478.001).
  • [ISSN] 1475-2867
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer cell international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Cell Int.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA041407
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2228275
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16. Baris S, Celkan T, Batar B, Guven M, Ozdil M, Ozkan A, Apak H, Yildiz I: Association between genetic polymorphism in DNA repair genes and risk of B-cell lymphoma. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2009 Sep;26(6):467-72
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  • [Title] Association between genetic polymorphism in DNA repair genes and risk of B-cell lymphoma.
  • OBJECTIVES: The authors evaluated the possible effect of DNA repair genes, XPD (Xeroderma pigmentosum group D) codon (312 and 751) and XRCC1 (X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1) codon (194 and 399) SNPs (single-nucleotide polymorphisms) on the risk of childhood B-cell lymphoma.
  • RESULTS: The authors observed no association between variation in the XPD codon Asp312Asn, Lys751Gln, and XRCC1 codon Arg399Gln polymorphisms and B-cell lymphoma for any parameter.
  • The frequency of XRCC1 194Arg/Trp genotype in B-cell lymphoma was significantly lower than that in controls (p = .005).
  • CONCLUSIONS: XRCC1 194Trp allele may be associated with a protective effect against development of childhood B-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Repair / genetics. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Lymphoma, B-Cell / genetics. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics. Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group D Protein / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19657998.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Codon; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / X-ray repair cross complementing protein 1; EC 3.6.4.12 / Xeroderma Pigmentosum Group D Protein
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17. Hanna-Wakim R, Yasukawa LL, Sung P, Fang M, Sullivan B, Rinki M, DeHovitz R, Arvin AM, Gans HA: Age-related increase in the frequency of CD4(+) T cells that produce interferon-gamma in response to staphylococcal enterotoxin B during childhood. J Infect Dis; 2009 Dec 15;200(12):1921-7
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  • [Title] Age-related increase in the frequency of CD4(+) T cells that produce interferon-gamma in response to staphylococcal enterotoxin B during childhood.
  • Immune maturation is complex, however, and the interval during which changes occur during childhood has not been identified.
  • METHODS: To assess age-related differences in the CD4(+) T cell responses, we evaluated the frequency of CD4(+) T cells that produced interferon (IFN) gamma in response to staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) stimulation in 382 healthy infants and children (2 months to 11 years of age) and 66 adults.
  • Observed differences in CD45RO(+)CD4(+) T cell function indicate that CD4(+) T cells with the same phenotypes do not possess equivalent functional capabilities.

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  • (PMID = 19909079.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-6613
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI37127
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte; 0 / CD69 antigen; 0 / Enterotoxins; 0 / Lectins, C-Type; 147205-72-9 / CD40 Ligand; 39424-53-8 / enterotoxin B, staphylococcal; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45; EC 3.1.3.48 / PTPRC protein, human
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18. Kouros CD, Cummings EM, Davies PT: Early trajectories of interparental conflict and externalizing problems as predictors of social competence in preadolescence. Dev Psychopathol; 2010 Aug;22(3):527-37
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  • Consistent with developmental cascade notions, the present study investigated (a) associations between trajectories of interparental conflict and early externalizing problems during childhood and (b) early trajectories of externalizing problems as a pathway by which interparental conflict impacts children's social competence in preadolescence.
  • Results from parallel process models indicated that changes in interparental conflict were positively associated with changes in externalizing problems during childhood.

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  • (PMID = 20576176.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-2198
  • [Journal-full-title] Development and psychopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dev. Psychopathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / T32-MH18921; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / T32 MH018921; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / T32 MH018921-20S1; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / MH057318-01A2; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH057318-01A2; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / MH018921-20S1; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH057318-06; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH057318; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH57318
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS220333; NLM/ PMC2911621
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19. Olsen M, Madsen HO, Hjalgrim H, Gregers J, Rostgaard K, Schmiegelow K: Preleukemic TEL-AML1-positive clones at cell level of 10(-3) to 10(-4) do not persist into adulthood. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2006 Nov;28(11):734-40
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  • [Title] Preleukemic TEL-AML1-positive clones at cell level of 10(-3) to 10(-4) do not persist into adulthood.
  • The TEL-AML1 translocation, t(12;21)(p13;q22), is one of the most frequent genetic aberrations in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), where it occurs in 25% of all cases.
  • Evidence suggests that the TEL-AML1 translocation occurs in utero in 1% of all newborn children at cell levels of 10 to 10.
  • The observed prevalence of TEL-AML1-positive cells in healthy adults is of the same order of magnitude as the prevalence reported in healthy newborns, but the observed cell level of 10 to 10 is much lower.
  • These data indicates that prenatal TEL-AML1 subclones does not persist throughout adult life at cell levels of 10 to 10.
  • The findings are compatible with the risk of t(12;21)(p13;q22) ALL correlating with the total number of TEL-AML1-positive cells in peripheral blood in both childhood and adulthood.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blood Donors. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nucleic Acid Hybridization / methods. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 17114960.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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20. Liu Y, Tang JY, Xu C, Gu LJ, Xue HL, Chen J, Pan C, Dong L, Zhou M: [Application of effective antigen combinations in childhood B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi; 2009 May;47(5):366-70
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  • [Title] [Application of effective antigen combinations in childhood B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To probe into the occurrence rates of the effective antigen combinations which were used to detect the minimal residual disease (MRD) by flow cytometry in childhood B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), as well as the relationship between clinical-biologic factors and different combinations.
  • (1) Totally 327 cases of childhood B-ALL were screened for antibody combinations of interest and 88.4 percent of them (289 cases) were identified with effective antibody combinations. (2) The occurrence frequencies of antigen combinations were different.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, B-Cell / immunology. Leukemia, B-Cell / therapy. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy


21. Pichler H, Möricke A, Mann G, Teigler-Schlegel A, Niggli F, Nebral K, König M, Inthal A, Krehan D, Dworzak MN, Janousek D, Harbott J, Schrappe M, Gadner H, Strehl S, Haas OA, Panzer-Grümayer R, Attarbaschi A, Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) Study Group: Prognostic relevance of dic(9;20)(p11;q13) in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia treated with Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) protocols containing an intensive induction and post-induction consolidation therapy. Br J Haematol; 2010 Apr;149(1):93-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic relevance of dic(9;20)(p11;q13) in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia treated with Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) protocols containing an intensive induction and post-induction consolidation therapy.
  • The presence of a dicentric chromosome dic(9;20) has been reported to have an unfavourable prognosis in children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP-ALL).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20067563.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin; PVDA protocol
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22. Linger RM, DeRyckere D, Brandão L, Sawczyn KK, Jacobsen KM, Liang X, Keating AK, Graham DK: Mer receptor tyrosine kinase is a novel therapeutic target in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2009 Sep 24;114(13):2678-87
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  • [Title] Mer receptor tyrosine kinase is a novel therapeutic target in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is currently treated with an intense regimen of chemotherapy yielding cure rates near 80%.
  • Here, we report ectopic expression of the receptor tyrosine kinase Mer in pediatric B-cell ALL.
  • Inhibition of Mer prevented Erk 1/2 activation, increased the sensitivity of B-ALL cells to cytotoxic agents in vitro by promoting apoptosis, and delayed disease onset in a mouse model of leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 19643988.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / F32 HL096416; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA98543; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA114766; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA114766; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / F32HL096416; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098543
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Retracted Publication
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; EC 2.7.10.1 / MERTK protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2927045
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23. Volbrecht MM, Goldsmith HH: Early temperamental and family predictors of shyness and anxiety. Dev Psychol; 2010 Sep;46(5):1192-205
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  • Using hierarchical linear modeling with restricted maximum likelihood estimation to adjust for twin dependency, early BI (b = 0.37, p < .01), IC (b = 0.14, p < .05), and concurrent lower family stress (b = -0.22, p < .05) predicted shyness during middle childhood.
  • Anxiety symptoms were predicted by BI (b = 0.14, p < .05), early negative family affect (b = 0.20, p < .05), and family stress in middle childhood (b = 0.26, p < .05).
  • These findings clarify the relative importance of temperament and family factors in the development of both shyness and anxiety symptoms during childhood.

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  • (PMID = 20822232.001).
  • [ISSN] 1939-0599
  • [Journal-full-title] Developmental psychology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dev Psychol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / MH050560-08; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / P50 MH084051; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R37 MH050560-08; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH059785-01A1; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / P50 MH069315-01; None / None / / P50 MH069315-01; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH059785; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R37 MH050560; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / P50 MH069315; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / MH059785-01A1
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Twin Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS283658; NLM/ PMC3086562
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24. Lawce H, Olson S: FISH testing for deletions of chromosome 6q21 and 6q23 in hematologic neoplastic disorders. J Assoc Genet Technol; 2009;35(4):167-9
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  • Chromosome 6q deletions are also commonly found in lymphoid malignancies such as acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), non-Hodgkins lymphoma (NHL), multiple myeloma (MM), mantle zone lymphoma (MZL), and Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM).
  • In childhood B- and T-cell ALL a deletion of 6q is the hallmark of a neutral prognosis; however, it may be cytogenetically obscure or cryptic, requiring interphase FISH analysis.
  • In adult ALL it indicates a favorable prognosis, but in CLL, B-cell small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), WM, and MM it has a poor prognosis.
  • We report the results of the first three patients in our laboratory with deletions of 6q in lymphoid malignancies using this cocktail.

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  • (PMID = 19952391.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7834
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Association of Genetic Technologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Assoc Genet Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. He GS, Zhang XH, Yao L, Zhang R, Chen ZX, Wu DP, Sun AN, Jin ZM, Qiu HY, Hu XH: [Acute T cells lymphoblastic leukemia with a t(1;19)(q23;p13) and E2A-PBX1 in an adult: one case report and literature review]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Oct;30(10):675-7
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  • [Title] [Acute T cells lymphoblastic leukemia with a t(1;19)(q23;p13) and E2A-PBX1 in an adult: one case report and literature review].
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a case of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with t(1;19)(q23;pl3) and E2A-PBX1 fusion gene, which is a characteristic translocation of childhood B cell ALL (B-ALL).
  • The leukemic cells expressed T cell markers.
  • CONCLUSION: t(1;19)E2A-PBX1(+) can be implicated in adult T-ALL, besides childhood B-ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Homeodomain Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 19954663.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 146150-85-8 / E2A-Pbx1 fusion protein
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26. Gobbi G, Mirandola P, Malinverno C, Sponzilli I, Carubbi C, Ricci F, Binazzi R, Basso G, Giuliani-Piccari G, Ramazzotti G, Pasquantonio G, Cocco L, Vitale M: Aberrant expression of B203.13 antigen in acute lymphoid leukemia of B-cell origin. Int J Oncol; 2008 Aug;33(2):371-4
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  • [Title] Aberrant expression of B203.13 antigen in acute lymphoid leukemia of B-cell origin.
  • The B203.13 monoclonal antibody was developed by immunizing mice with the B/monocyte biphenotypic cell line B1b.
  • We tested this antibody as a marker of childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL).
  • The CD10(+)/B203.13(+) phenotype was specific to B-ALL, since CD10(+)/CD20(+) cells from common acute lymphoblastic leukemia (c-ALL) did not express B203.13.
  • We concluded that the use of B203.13 in association with CD10 and CD20 provides meaningful information for distinguishing normal residual B-cells from leukemic B-lymphoblasts and that recurrence of a CD10(+)/B203.13(+) phenotype after transplantation may be a very early relapse indicator of early B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / biosynthesis. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18636158.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-6439
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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27. Boublikova L, Kalinova M, Ryan J, Quinn F, O'Marcaigh A, Smith O, Browne P, Stary J, McCann SR, Trka J, Lawler M: Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) expression in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a wide range of WT1 expression levels, its impact on prognosis and minimal residual disease monitoring. Leukemia; 2006 Feb;20(2):254-63
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  • [Title] Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) expression in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a wide range of WT1 expression levels, its impact on prognosis and minimal residual disease monitoring.
  • Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) is overexpressed in the majority (70-90%) of acute leukemias and has been identified as an independent adverse prognostic factor, a convenient minimal residual disease (MRD) marker and potential therapeutic target in acute leukemia.
  • We examined WT1 expression patterns in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), where its clinical implication remains unclear.
  • Using a real-time quantitative PCR designed according to Europe Against Cancer Program recommendations, we evaluated WT1 expression in 125 consecutively enrolled patients with childhood ALL (106 BCP-ALL, 19 T-ALL) and compared it with physiologic WT1 expression in normal and regenerating bone marrow (BM).
  • In childhood B-cell precursor (BCP)-ALL, we detected a wide range of WT1 levels (5 logs) with a median WT1 expression close to that of normal BM.
  • WT1 expression in childhood T-ALL was significantly higher than in BCP-ALL (P<0.001).
  • In summary, our study suggests that WT1 expression in childhood ALL is very variable and much lower than in AML or adult ALL.
  • WT1, thus, will not be a useful marker for MRD detection in childhood ALL, however, it does represent a potential independent risk factor in childhood ALL.
  • Interestingly, a proportion of childhood ALL patients express WT1 at levels below the normal physiological BM WT1 expression, and this reduced WT1 expression appears to be associated with a higher risk of relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Molecular Diagnostic Techniques / methods. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. WT1 Proteins / genetics


28. Xu C, Zhao HJ, Jiang LM, Yuan XJ, Li L, Tang JY, Shen LS: [Prognostic significance of lymphocyte function associated anti-gen-3 (CD58) in childhood B cell-acute lymphocytic leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Aug;14(4):717-21
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  • [Title] [Prognostic significance of lymphocyte function associated anti-gen-3 (CD58) in childhood B cell-acute lymphocytic leukemia].
  • This study was aimed to investigate the value of CD58 in evaluation of early therapeutic effect on childhood B-ALL.
  • The expression features of CD58 in 135 cases of childhood B-ALL were analyzed by four-color flow cytometry; MRD detection protocol for B-ALL using CD58/CD10/CD34/CD19 combination was established; the correlation between the expression features of CD58 and MRD detection was analyzed for the early therapeutic response in childhood B-ALL.
  • The CD58 over expression may be considered as a marker of a favorable prognosis in childhood B-ALL.

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  • (PMID = 16928307.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD58; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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29. Haltrich I, Csóka M, Kovács G, Fekete G: [Intrachromosomal amplification of AML1 gene in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Orv Hetil; 2008 Jun 15;149(24):1143-6
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  • [Title] [Intrachromosomal amplification of AML1 gene in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • [Transliterated title] AML1-gén intrakromoszomális amplifikációja gyermekkori acut lymphoid leukaemiában.
  • The introduction of routine molecular cytogenetic assays enabled us to reveal hitherto unknown genetic disorders of childhood acute leukemias.
  • In our present study we review a novel cytogenetic mutation typical for childhood B-cell ALL, the intrachromosomal amplification of chromosome 21, which requires high-risk therapy irrespective of other risk factors, and which is associated with a cryptic 12;21 translocation of good prognostic value.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Amplification. Genetic Markers. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18539581.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Genetic Markers; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human
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30. Shalapour S, Eckert C, Seeger K, Pfau M, Prada J, Henze G, Blankenstein T, Kammertoens T: Leukemia-associated genetic aberrations in mesenchymal stem cells of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Mol Med (Berl); 2010 Mar;88(3):249-65
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  • [Title] Leukemia-associated genetic aberrations in mesenchymal stem cells of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is caused by malignant immature lymphocytes.
  • Even though childhood ALL can be cured in a large number of patients, around 20% of the patients suffer a relapse after chemotherapy.
  • Given the high plasticity of cells, we searched for leukemia-associated genetic aberrations and immunoglobulin (IG) gene rearrangements in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from childhood B-cell precursor ALL patients.
  • MSC from all ten ALL patients analyzed presented the chromosomal translocations that had been detected in leukemia cells (TEL-AML1, E2A-PBX1, or MLL rearrangement).
  • Leukemia-specific IG gene rearrangements were detected in the MSC from three ALL patients.
  • The detection of leukemia-associated genetic aberrations in MSC indicates a clonal relationship between MSC and leukemia cells and suggests their involvement in the pathogenesis and/or pathophysiology of childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Mesenchymal Stromal Cells / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • [CommentIn] J Mol Med (Berl). 2010 Mar;88(3):219-22 [20135087.001]
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  • (PMID = 20155409.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1440
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Mol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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31. Wang Y, Lin D, Wang DH, Ku ZF, Liu JZ, Liu XR, Wang JX, Wang M: [The expression of midkine in acute leukemia and its significance]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2008 Aug;29(8):544-8
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  • [Title] [The expression of midkine in acute leukemia and its significance].
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze the expression of midkine (MK) gene in acute leukemia patients, and explore the relationship between the gene and leukemia.
  • METHODS: The MK gene expression levels were detected by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (RQ-RT-PCR) in bone marrow (BM) of 181 acute leukemia (AL) patients and 31 normal controls.
  • The expression of MK showed a notable increase in all B-ALL subtypes (including pro-B-ALL, common-B-ALL and pre-B-ALL) as well as in adult and childhood B-ALL patients (P < 0.01).
  • CONCLUSION: MK gene expression is increased with different levels in B-ALL, M2 and M3 patients, which provides novel insights into the leukemogenesis of acute leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytokines / metabolism. Leukemia / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Gene Expression. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19112919.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 137497-38-2 / midkine
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32. Azevedo-Silva F, Camargo Bd, Pombo-de-Oliveira MS: Implications of infectious diseases and the adrenal hypothesis for the etiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Braz J Med Biol Res; 2010 Mar;43(3):226-9
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  • [Title] Implications of infectious diseases and the adrenal hypothesis for the etiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute leukemia is the most frequent cancer in children.
  • Recently, a new hypothesis was proposed for the pathogenesis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • The so-called 'adrenal hypothesis' emphasized the role of endogenous cortisol in the etiology of B-cell precursor ALL.
  • The adrenal hypothesis proposes that the risk of childhood B-cell precursor ALL is reduced when early childhood infections induce qualitative and quantitative changes in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis.


33. Chatzidakis K, Goulas A, Athanassiadou-Piperopoulou F, Fidani L, Koliouskas D, Mirtsou V: Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism: association with risk for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and response during the initial phase of chemotherapy in greek patients. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2006 Aug;47(2):147-51
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  • [Title] Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase C677T polymorphism: association with risk for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and response during the initial phase of chemotherapy in greek patients.
  • BACKGROUND: As of late, a number of studies have focused on the association of the gene for methyletetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) with risk for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children and in adults, as well as with response to chemotherapy.
  • PROCEDURE: We have analyzed the MTHFR C677T polymorphism in 52 patients and 88 control individuals, all ethnic Greek residents of northern Greece, and examined the association of this polymorphism with (a) susceptibility to childhood ALL and (b) the distribution of average plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, white blood cell counts (WBC), and hemoglobin levels (Hb) during the induction and consolidation phases of treatment.
  • In addition, we observed a general tendency towards lower values in all three parameters studied, associated with the MTHFR 677CC genotype, which was more evident in the transition from the induction to the consolidation phase, indicating that MTHFR genotyping may be of prognostic value in the early phase of treatment for childhood ALL, in our population.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / pharmacology. Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) / genetics. Polymorphism, Genetic. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16123993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.5.1.20 / Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2); EC 2.6.1.2 / Alanine Transaminase
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34. Ju X, Li D, Shi Q, Hou H, Sun N, Shen B: Differential microRNA expression in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2009 Jan;26(1):1-10
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  • [Title] Differential microRNA expression in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The analysis of differential microRNA expression profiles may be a powerful tool to allow us insight on the mechanisms of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pre-B-ALL).
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. MicroRNAs / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Computational Biology. Gene Expression Profiling. Hematopoiesis / genetics. Humans. Infant. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics


35. Taylor M, Harrison C, Eden T, Birch J, Greaves M, Lightfoot T, Hussain A, UKCCS Investigators: HLA-DPB1 supertype-associated protection from childhood leukaemia: relationship to leukaemia karyotype and implications for prevention. Cancer Immunol Immunother; 2008 Jan;57(1):53-61
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  • [Title] HLA-DPB1 supertype-associated protection from childhood leukaemia: relationship to leukaemia karyotype and implications for prevention.
  • Most childhood B cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) cases carry the reciprocal translocation t(12;21)(p13;q22) ( approximately 25%), or a high hyperdiploid (HeH) karyotype (30%).
  • Based on our previous analysis of HLA-DP in childhood ALL, and evidence from in vitro studies that TEL-AML1 can activate HLA-DP-restricted T cell responses, we hypothesised that the development of TEL-AML1+ ALL might be influenced by the child's DPB1 genotype.
  • To test this, we analysed the frequency of six HLA-DPB1 supertypes in a population-based series of childhood leukaemias (n = 776) classified by their karyotype (TEL-AML1+, HeH and others), in comparison with newborn controls (n = 864).
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. HLA-DP Antigens / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 17622527.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-7004
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Immunol. Immunother.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / HLA-DP Antigens; 0 / HLA-DP beta-Chains; 0 / HLA-DPB1 antigen; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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36. Reichmann-Decker A, DePrince AP, McIntosh DN: Affective responsiveness, betrayal, and childhood abuse. J Trauma Dissociation; 2009;10(3):276-96
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  • [Title] Affective responsiveness, betrayal, and childhood abuse.
  • We predicted that women who reported childhood abuse by close others would show alterations in affective responsiveness relative to their peers.
  • We tested 100 undergraduate women who reported histories of (a) childhood sexual or physical abuse by someone close, such as a parent (high-betrayal);.
  • (b) childhood abuse by someone not close (low-betrayal); or (c) no abuse in childhood (no-abuse).

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  • (PMID = 19585337.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-9740
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Trauma Dissociation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Forestier E, Gauffin F, Andersen MK, Autio K, Borgström G, Golovleva I, Gustafsson B, Heim S, Heinonen K, Heyman M, Hovland R, Johannsson JH, Kerndrup G, Rosenquist R, Schoumans J, Swolin B, Johansson B, Nordgren A, Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Swedish Cytogenetic Leukemia Study Group, NOPHO Leukemia Cytogenetic Study Group: Clinical and cytogenetic features of pediatric dic(9;20)(p13.2;q11.2)-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias: a Nordic series of 24 cases and review of the literature. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2008 Feb;47(2):149-58
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  • [Title] Clinical and cytogenetic features of pediatric dic(9;20)(p13.2;q11.2)-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias: a Nordic series of 24 cases and review of the literature.
  • Although dic(9;20)(p13.2;q11.2) is a characteristic abnormality in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias (BCP ALL), little is known about its clinical impact or the type and frequency of additional aberrations it may occur together with.
  • We here review the clinical and cytogenetic features of a Nordic pediatric series of 24 patients with dic(9;20)-positive BCP ALL diagnosed 1996-2006, constituting 1.3% of the BCP ALL, as well as 47 childhood cases from the literature.
  • Consistent immunophenotypic features of the Nordic cases included positivity for HLA-DR, CD10, CD19, CD20, and CD22 and negativity for T-cell and myeloid markers; no detailed immunophenotypes were reported for the previously published cases.
  • The median patient age was 3 years, the female/male ratio was 2.0, the median white blood cell count was 24 x 10(9)/l, 11% had central nervous system involvement, and 5% had a mediastinal mass at diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. Cytogenetics. Leukemia, B-Cell / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17990329.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2264
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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38. Hadziselimovic F: Early successful orchidopexy does not prevent from developing azoospermia. Int Braz J Urol; 2006 Sep-Oct;32(5):570-3
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  • INTRODUCTION: The incidence of Ad spermatogonia (stem cells for fertility) was assessed in 20 cryptorchid patients, all of whom had a successful orchidopexy in childhood but developed azoospermia following puberty.
  • The patients were classified into 2 groups according to the time of surgery: A = < 21 months of age (n = 5, mean = 10.7 +/- 8.6 months) and B = during childhood (n = 15, mean = 10.1 +/- 3 years).

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  • (PMID = 17081328.001).
  • [ISSN] 1677-5538
  • [Journal-full-title] International braz j urol : official journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Braz J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 9002-68-0 / Follicle Stimulating Hormone
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39. Wehrli LA, Braun J, Buetti LN, Hagleitner N, Hengartner H, Kühne T, Lüer S, Ozsahin H, Popovic MB, Niggli FK, Betts DR, Bourquin JP: Non-classical karyotypic features in relapsed childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Feb;189(1):29-36
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  • [Title] Non-classical karyotypic features in relapsed childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Karyotype analysis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at diagnosis has provided valuable prognostic markers for treatment stratification.
  • We compared the karyotypes from 436 nonselected B-cell precursor ALL patients at initial diagnosis and of 76 patients at first relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Aberrations. Female. Humans. Infant. Karyotyping. Male. Recurrence. Translocation, Genetic. Treatment Outcome


40. Healy J, Richer C, Bourgey M, Kritikou EA, Sinnett D: Replication analysis confirms the association of ARID5B with childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Haematologica; 2010 Sep;95(9):1608-11
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  • [Title] Replication analysis confirms the association of ARID5B with childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Although childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common pediatric cancer, its etiology remains poorly understood.
  • In an attempt to replicate the findings of 2 recent genome-wide association studies in a French-Canadian cohort, we confirmed the association of 5 SNPs [rs7073837 (P=4.2 x 10(-4)), rs10994982 (P=3.8 x 10(-4)), rs10740055 (P=1.6 x 10(-5)), rs10821936 (P=1.7 x 10(-7)) and rs7089424 (P=3.6 x 10(-7))] in the ARID5B gene with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We also confirmed a selective effect for B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia with hyperdiploidy and report a putative gender-specific effect of ARID5B SNPs on acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk in males.
  • This study provides a strong rationale for more detailed analysis to identify the causal variants at this locus and to better understand the overall functional contribution of ARID5B to childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia susceptibility.

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  • (PMID = 20460642.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] Canada / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ARID5B protein, human; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Transcription Factors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2930966
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41. Paulsson K, Johansson B: High hyperdiploid childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2009 Aug;48(8):637-60
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  • [Title] High hyperdiploid childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • High hyperdiploidy (51-67 chromosomes) is the most common cytogenetic abnormality pattern in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), occurring in 25-30% of such cases.
  • Despite the high frequency of this karyotypic subgroup, many questions remain regarding the epidemiology, etiology, presence of other genetic changes, the time and cell of origin, and the formation and pathogenetic consequences of high hyperdiploidy.
  • However, during the last few years, several studies have addressed some of these important issues, and these, as well as previous reports on high hyperdiploid childhood ALL, are reviewed herein.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Diploidy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma


42. Lee DS, Kim YR, Cho HK, Lee CK, Lee JH, Cho HI: The presence of TEL/AML1 rearrangement and cryptic deletion of the TEL gene in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 Oct 15;162(2):176-8
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  • [Title] The presence of TEL/AML1 rearrangement and cryptic deletion of the TEL gene in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • TEL/AML1 (also known as ETV6/RUNX1) rearrangement is the most frequent genetic change in childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and is associated with a favorable prognosis.
  • TEL/AML1 rearrangement is not unique in childhood ALL, and cryptic TEL deletion without TEL/AML1 rearrangement was more frequent than the TEL/AML1 rearrangement in adult ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Deletion. Gene Rearrangement. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16213368.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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43. Ye QD, Gu LJ, Tang JY, Xue HL, Chen J, Pan C, Chen J, Dong L, Zhou M: [ALL-XH-99 protocol in the treatment of childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Jan;30(1):26-8
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  • [Title] [ALL-XH-99 protocol in the treatment of childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence, clinical characteristics and prognosis of childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • RESULTS: Of 305 childhood ALL patients, 43 were T-ALL.
  • In comparison with that of B cell ALL (B-ALL), the percentages of age older than 10 years, initial WBC count more than 50 x 10(9)/ L, prednisone poor response (PPR), and failed to achieve remission at day 19 of induction chemotherapy in the T-ALLs were all higher.
  • CONCLUSION: There were statistic differences between T-cell and B-cell childhood ALLs in age, initial WBC count, early response to therapy, and eight-year EFS and RFS.
  • Childhood T-ALL was associated with a worse prognosis than other sub-types of childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Infant. Karyotyping. Male. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 19563031.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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44. Steiner M, Attarbaschi A, König M, Gadner H, Haas OA, Mann G: Equal frequency of TEL/AML1+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children with and without Down syndrome. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Jan-Feb;22(1):11-6
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  • [Title] Equal frequency of TEL/AML1+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children with and without Down syndrome.
  • Constitutional trisomy 21 is the most prominent predisposing factor to childhood leukemia, whereas the t(12;21)(p13;q22) with its molecular genetic counterpart, the TEL/AML1 fusion gene, is the most common acquired chromosomal rearrangement in childhood B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Accordingly, they were able to analyze 8 of 10 individuals with DS and a BCP ALL, including 2 who suffered from a TEL/AML1+ leukemia.
  • Based on this observation we concluded that individuals with a constitutional trisomy 21 may have the similar likelihood to develop a TEL/AML1+ leukemia as BCP ALL patients without this specific predisposingfactor.
  • [MeSH-major] Down Syndrome / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [RepublishedIn] Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2005 Apr-May;22(3):229-34 [16020107.001]
  • (PMID = 15770827.001).
  • [ISSN] 0888-0018
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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45. Tie LJ, Gu LJ, Chen J, Jiang LM, Dong L, Pan C, Ye H, Song DL, Xue HL, Tang JY, Wang YP, Chen J: [Prognostic value of minimal residual disease in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Feb;27(2):120-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Prognostic value of minimal residual disease in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of minimal residual disease (MRD) in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after induction chemotherapy.
  • CONCLUSION: The MRD level at achieving CR is one of important prognostic factor in the treatment of childhood B-cell ALL, and might be used to assess the early treatment response.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, B-Cell / drug therapy. Neoplasm, Residual

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  • (PMID = 16732969.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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46. Krstic AD, Impera L, Guc-Scekic M, Lakic N, Djokic D, Slavkovic B, Storlazzi CT: A complex rearrangement involving cryptic deletion of ETV6 and CDKN1B genes in a case of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Dec;195(2):125-31
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  • [Title] A complex rearrangement involving cryptic deletion of ETV6 and CDKN1B genes in a case of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We report on a case of childhood B-cell lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • The deleted segment on 12p contains several genes, among the tumor suppressor genes ETV6 and CDKN1B, which are frequently involved in 12p abnormalities in childhood ALL.
  • Thus, the present study documents the loss of both ETV6 and CDKN1B genes accompanying the occurrence of a complex rearrangement involving chromosomes 3 and 12 in a case of childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Deletion. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics

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  • [ErratumIn] Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2010 Apr 1;198(1):76
  • (PMID = 19963112.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDKN1B protein, human; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27
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47. Cox CV, Diamanti P, Evely RS, Kearns PR, Blair A: Expression of CD133 on leukemia-initiating cells in childhood ALL. Blood; 2009 Apr 2;113(14):3287-96
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of CD133 on leukemia-initiating cells in childhood ALL.
  • Optimization of therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) requires a greater understanding of the cells that proliferate to maintain this malignancy because a significant number of cases relapse, resulting from failure to eradicate the disease.
  • We investigated expression of CD133, CD19, and CD38 in pediatric B-ALL.
  • Furthermore, these CD133(+)/CD19(-) ALL cells were more resistant to treatment with dexamethasone and vincristine, key components in childhood ALL therapy, than the bulk leukemia population.
  • These data suggest that leukemia-initiating cells in childhood B-ALL have a primitive CD133(+)/CD19(-) and CD38(-) phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Glycoproteins / metabolism. Neoplastic Stem Cells / metabolism. Peptides / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Animals. Antigens, CD19 / metabolism. Antigens, CD38 / metabolism. Cell Proliferation. Child. Child, Preschool. Gene Rearrangement, T-Lymphocyte / physiology. Humans. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism. Mice. Mice, Inbred NOD. Mice, SCID. Phenotype. Transplantation, Heterologous. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • [CommentIn] Blood. 2009 Apr 30;113(18):4476-7; author reply 4477 [19407001.001]
  • (PMID = 19147788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AC133 antigen; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Peptides; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38; EC 3.2.2.5 / CD38 protein, human
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48. Kiss F, Buslig J, Szegedi I, Scholtz B, Kappelmayer J, Kiss C: Early relapse after rituximab chemoimmunotherapy. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Feb;50(2):372-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In relapsed/refractory childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) of the B-cell lineage rituximab, a monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody was used successfully in some cases.
  • We report on a 15-year-old female with relapsed CD20-positive B-cell progenitor ALL treated with rituximab because of positive minimal residual disease signals after chemotherapy, as checked by flow cytometry and real time quantitative-PCR.
  • The patient died with fulminant aspergillosis before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation could be performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Flow Cytometry. Gene Rearrangement, delta-Chain T-Cell Antigen Receptor. Humans. Neoplasm, Residual / pathology. Recurrence. Rituximab

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17973316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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49. Podgornik H, Debeljak M, Zontar D, Cernelc P, Prestor VV, Jazbec J: RUNX1 amplification in lineage conversion of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia to acute myelogenous leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2007 Oct 1;178(1):77-81
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  • [Title] RUNX1 amplification in lineage conversion of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia to acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • Amplification of RUNX1 (alias AML1) is a recurrent karyotypic abnormality in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that is generally associated with a poor outcome.
  • It does not occur with other primary chromosomal abnormalities in acute ALL.
  • AML1 amplification in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a rare secondary event described mainly in therapy-related cases.
  • AML1 amplification was found in a 13-year-old patient with AML M4/M5 leukemia that occurred 5 years after she had been diagnosed with common B-cell ALL.
  • Conventional cytogenetic, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and polymerase chain reaction methods revealed no other chromosomal change expected to occur in a disease that we assumed to be a secondary leukemia.
  • While the first course of chemotherapy successfully eradicated the cell line with the t(12;21), the second cell line with AML1 amplification remained latent during the time of complete remission and reappeared with a different immunophenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Leukemia, B-Cell / genetics. Leukemia, B-Cell / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology


50. Kikuchi A, Mori T, Fujimoto J, Kumagai M, Sunami S, Okimoto Y, Tsuchida M: Outcome of childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with the Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group NHL B9604 protocol. Leuk Lymphoma; 2008 Apr;49(4):757-62
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  • [Title] Outcome of childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with the Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group NHL B9604 protocol.
  • From June 1996 to January 2001, 91 patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma or B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia up to 18 years of age were enrolled in Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group (TCCSG) NHL B9604 protocol study.
  • The TCCSG NHL B9604 protocol achieved an excellent treatment outcome especially in patients with the most advanced disease (Group D: high BM blast cell burden and/or central nervous system involvement).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy


51. Stachel D, Albert M, Meilbeck R, Paulides M, Schmid I: Expression of angiogenic factors in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Oncol Rep; 2007 Jan;17(1):147-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of angiogenic factors in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • In pediatric acute lymphocytic leukemia however, the expression of angiogenic molecules and its relation to prognosis and relapse are unknown.
  • Therefore, we prospectively analyzed 46 pediatric patients with precursor B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia by semi-quantitative RT-PCR for expression of the angiogenic molecules VEGF, VEGF-C, iNOS and TGF-beta and correlated relapse and survival data with the expression of these factors.
  • Angiogenic factors are expressed in the bone marrow of patients with pediatric B cell precursor ALL and VEGF is a potential candidate for therapeutic intervention as it is significantly higher expressed in children with late relapses.
  • The mRNA expression of iNOS in the surviving children possibly reflects an increased activity of the immune system against the leukemia which leads to a superior survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiogenic Proteins / biosynthesis. Burkitt Lymphoma / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17143492.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenic Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C; 103107-01-3 / Fibroblast Growth Factor 2; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
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52. Liu Y, Zhu P, Hu YM: [Epitopes recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes in immunoglobulin heavy chain variable regions expressed by B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2005 Feb;27(2):106-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Epitopes recognized by cytotoxic T lymphocytes in immunoglobulin heavy chain variable regions expressed by B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To clone IgHV genes from childhood B-ALL cells and identify CTL epitopes deduced from IgHV gene.
  • METHODS: Seven IgHV gene families were respectively amplified by PCR and directly sequenced for 37 childhood B-ALL cases.
  • CONCLUSION: IgHV genes in childhood B-ALL are of germline characteristics.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Cell Proliferation. Child. Child, Preschool. Gene Rearrangement. HLA-A Antigens / immunology. HLA-A Antigens / metabolism. HLA-A2 Antigen. Humans. Infant. Oligopeptides / immunology

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  • (PMID = 15946551.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte; 0 / HLA-A Antigens; 0 / HLA-A*02:01 antigen; 0 / HLA-A2 Antigen; 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; 0 / Immunoglobulin Variable Region; 0 / Oligopeptides
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53. Akbayram S, Doğan M, Akgün C, Erbey F, Caksen H, Oner AF: Use of rituximab in three children with relapsed/refractory Burkitt lymphoma. Target Oncol; 2010 Dec;5(4):291-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Monoclonal antibodies have provided new promise for patients with B-cell malignancies.
  • Rituximab is a monoclonal antibody against B-lymphocytes that express CD20; it is used for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • In this article, we reported three children with primary refractory/relapsed B-cell-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, who were successfully treated with a combination of intensive chemotherapy protocol plus rituximab.
  • Our aim is to emphasize the importance of use of rituximab in the treatment of childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

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  • (PMID = 20859698.001).
  • [ISSN] 1776-260X
  • [Journal-full-title] Targeted oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Target Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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54. Jeha S, Behm F, Pei D, Sandlund JT, Ribeiro RC, Razzouk BI, Rubnitz JE, Hijiya N, Howard SC, Cheng C, Pui CH: Prognostic significance of CD20 expression in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2006 Nov 15;108(10):3302-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic significance of CD20 expression in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • CD20 expression is associated with inferior survival in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • We analyzed the prognostic impact of CD20 expression in 353 children with B-cell precursor ALL treated in 3 consecutive St Jude Total Therapy studies.
  • There was no association between CD20 expression and E2A-PBX, TEL-AML1, ploidy, white blood cell count at diagnosis, or sex.
  • These data suggest that CD20 expression is not associated with inferior outcome in pediatric patients treated with contemporary regimens.


55. Tassano E, Acquila M, Tavella E, Micalizzi C, Panarello C, Morerio C: MicroRNA-125b-1 and BLID upregulation resulting from a novel IGH translocation in childhood B-Cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2010 Aug;49(8):682-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] MicroRNA-125b-1 and BLID upregulation resulting from a novel IGH translocation in childhood B-Cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Chromosomal translocations involving the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) locus are common abnormalities in mature B-cell neoplasms.
  • Recent findings have also revealed their significant role in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • In this study, we describe a pediatric case of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia showing microRNA-125b-1 (MIR125B1) and BLID gene overexpression, resulting from a novel t(11;14)(q24.1;q32) translocation involving IGH.
  • [MeSH-major] BRCA2 Protein / genetics. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. MicroRNAs / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins. Child. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Female. Humans. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 20544842.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2264
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / BLID protein, human; 0 / BRCA2 Protein; 0 / BRCA2 protein, human; 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; 0 / MIRN125 microRNA, human; 0 / MicroRNAs; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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56. Accordi B, Espina V, Giordan M, VanMeter A, Milani G, Galla L, Ruzzene M, Sciro M, Trentin L, De Maria R, te Kronnie G, Petricoin E, Liotta L, Basso G: Functional protein network activation mapping reveals new potential molecular drug targets for poor prognosis pediatric BCP-ALL. PLoS One; 2010;5(10):e13552
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  • [Title] Functional protein network activation mapping reveals new potential molecular drug targets for poor prognosis pediatric BCP-ALL.
  • BACKGROUND: In spite of leukemia therapy improvements obtained over the last decades, therapy is not yet effective in all cases.
  • Current approaches in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) research focus on identifying new molecular targets to improve outcome for patients with a dismal prognosis.
  • METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We employed Reverse Phase Protein Microarrays to identify aberrantly activated proteins in 118 pediatric B-cell precursor (BCP)-ALL patients.
  • We observed an increased activation/expression of several pathways involved in cell proliferation in poor clinical prognosis patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, B-Cell / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenylate Kinase / metabolism. Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. Child. Child, Preschool. Humans. Immunoprecipitation. Infant. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Proteomics. Signal Transduction

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  • (PMID = 21042412.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; EC 2.7.4.3 / Adenylate Kinase; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2958847
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57. Taylor GM, Hussain A, Verhage V, Thompson PD, Fergusson WD, Watkins G, Lightfoot T, Harrison CJ, Birch JM, UKCCS Investigators: Strong association of the HLA-DP6 supertype with childhood leukaemia is due to a single allele, DPB1*0601. Leukemia; 2009 May;23(5):863-9
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  • [Title] Strong association of the HLA-DP6 supertype with childhood leukaemia is due to a single allele, DPB1*0601.
  • We previously reported that susceptibility to childhood B cell precursor ALL (BCP ALL) is associated with HLA-DPB1 alleles having glutamic acid (E) rather than lysine (K) in the P4 antigenic peptide-binding pocket.
  • Here, we report that only one of seven alleles with the DP6 supertype (DPB1(*)0601) is associated with childhood leukaemia (leukaemia vs controls: odds ratio, 95% confidence interval [OR, CI]: 4.6, 2.0-10.4; corrected P=0.019), but not with childhood solid tumours or lymphomas.
  • Sequencing the coding region of DPB1(*)0601 revealed an exon 1-4 haplotype [T-DEAV-KIL-RVI] shared with DPB1(*)0301 and 0901, but no evidence of germline mutations in childhood leukaemia.
  • These results suggest that the DPbeta0601 molecule may be functionally involved in childhood leukaemia.
  • Analysis of peptide binding and T-cell activation by DPbeta0601-peptide complexes should help determine its role in childhood leukaemia causation.
  • [MeSH-major] HLA-DP Antigens / genetics. Haplotypes / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19148140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / /
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA-DP Antigens; 0 / HLA-DP beta-Chains; 0 / HLA-DPB1 antigen
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58. Ye QD, Gu LJ, Tang JY, Xue HL, Chen J, Pan C, Chen J, Dong L, Zhou M, Jiang LM: [Clinical importance of minimal residual disease testing in the therapy of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Jun;10(3):333-6
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  • [Title] [Clinical importance of minimal residual disease testing in the therapy of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the role of minimal residual disease (MRD) in the evaluation of therapeutic effectiveness of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • METHODS: MRD testing was performed in 124 children with B-cell ALL, who were newly diagnosed and enrolled in the ALL-XH-99 treatment protocol from September 2001 to April 2005MRD was determined by 4-color flow cytometry in the different time points during the treatment period.
  • Multivariate analysis confirmed that the MRD level after induction chemotherapy together with the reaction to prednisone, the bone marrow features on the 19th day of induction, and the fusion gene with BCR-ABL or MLL-AF4 had prognostic significance in childhood B-cell ALL.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The MRD level in the whole course of therapy is an important outcome indicator in childhood B cell ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy


59. Wandroo F, Bell A, Darbyshire P, Pratt G, Stankovic T, Gordon J, Lawson S, Moss P: ZAP-70 is highly expressed in most cases of childhood pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Int J Lab Hematol; 2008 Apr;30(2):149-57
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  • [Title] ZAP-70 is highly expressed in most cases of childhood pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • ZAP-70 is, however, expressed in adult B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia where it correlates with a poor prognosis.
  • We wished to determine if ZAP-70 is also expressed in pediatric B cell malignancy.
  • A quantitative PCR assay for ZAP-70 expression was established and ZAP-70 expression in a range of human B cell lines was compared with expression in the Jurkat T cell line.
  • ZAP-70 expression was then determined in bone marrow lymphoblasts obtained from 12 patients with pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • ZAP-70 expression was not detected in mature B cell lines but was detected in pre-B cell lines at a level comparable to that seen in T cells.
  • ZAP-70 expression was strongly expressed in nine of the 12 cases of primary pre-B cell lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The T cell-associated protein kinase ZAP-70 is highly expressed in pre-B lineage cells and most cases of pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / metabolism. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid / metabolism. ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Blotting, Western. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Cell Line, Transformed. Cell Line, Tumor. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Flow Cytometry. Gene Expression. Humans. Jurkat Cells. Male. Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 18333847.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of laboratory hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Lab Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.2 / ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase; EC 2.7.10.2 / ZAP70 protein, human
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60. Cardone M, Kandilci A, Carella C, Nilsson JA, Brennan JA, Sirma S, Ozbek U, Boyd K, Cleveland JL, Grosveld GC: The novel ETS factor TEL2 cooperates with Myc in B lymphomagenesis. Mol Cell Biol; 2005 Mar;25(6):2395-405
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  • The human ETS family gene TEL2/ETV7 is highly homologous to TEL1/ETV6, a frequent target of chromosome translocations in human leukemia and specific solid tumors.
  • Although TEL2 is infrequently up-regulated in human sporadic Burkitt's lymphoma, analysis of pediatric B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) samples showed increased coexpression of TEL2 and MYC and/or MYCN in over one-third of B-ALL patients.
  • Therefore, TEL2 and MYC also appear to cooperate in provoking a cadre of human B-cell malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 15743832.001).
  • [ISSN] 0270-7306
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA076379; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA76379-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA21765; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA72999-08
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / ETV7 protein, human; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1061619
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61. Meinhardt A, Burkhardt B, Zimmermann M, Borkhardt A, Kontny U, Klingebiel T, Berthold F, Janka-Schaub G, Klein C, Kabickova E, Klapper W, Attarbaschi A, Schrappe M, Reiter A, Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster group: Phase II window study on rituximab in newly diagnosed pediatric mature B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Burkitt leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Jul 1;28(19):3115-21
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  • [Title] Phase II window study on rituximab in newly diagnosed pediatric mature B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Burkitt leukemia.
  • PURPOSE: The activity of rituximab in pediatric B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL) has not yet been determined.
  • We conducted a phase II window study to examine activity and tolerability of rituximab in newly diagnosed pediatric B-NHL.
  • Of 87 evaluable patients, 36 were responders (RR, 41.4%; 95% CI, 31% to 52%); among them, 27 of 67 with Burkitt lymphoma and seven of 15 with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Rituximab is active as a single-agent in pediatric B-NHL even though the RR was lower than requested in the phase II plan.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy

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  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2010 Jul 1;28(19):3104-6 [20516430.001]
  • (PMID = 20516455.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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62. Zhang LP, Cheng YF, Liu GL, Lu AD, Liu YR, Wang H: [The clinical significance of detecting minimal residual disease in acute childhood B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia with flow cytometry]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Jul;43(7):481-5
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  • [Title] [The clinical significance of detecting minimal residual disease in acute childhood B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia with flow cytometry].
  • OBJECTIVE: Flow cytometry may be used to detect minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia because leukemic cells often display aberrant phenotypes when compared to normal cells.
  • The investigators also aimed to study the value of the detection of MRD by flow cytometry in childhood B-ALL without effective antibody combinations.
  • METHODS: Thirty-six cases of childhood B-ALL with effective antibody combinations were performed MRD analysis after induction therapy.
  • (1) Forty-two cases of childhood B-ALL were screened for antibody combinations of interest and were identified in 86% (36/42) of the cases.
  • CONCLUSION:. (1) Flow cytometry is a sensitive and specific method for detecting MRD of childhood ALL, and could predict the coming relapse. (2) Patients with MRD levels > 10(-3) had poor prognosis. (3) The levels of MRD at month 9 and 12 had prognostic value. (4) The value of antibody combinations consisting of CD(45)/CD(19)/CD(10)/CD(34) and CD(45)/CD(19)/CD(20)/CD(22) should be further investigated in patients without effective antibody combinations.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology. Flow Cytometry. Immunophenotyping. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis


63. Liu YR, Zhang LP, Chang Y, Cheng YF, Fu JY, Li LD, Wang H, Liu GL, Chen SS, Huang XJ, Lu DP: [Clinical significance for minimal residual disease detection by 4 color flow cytometry in adult and childhood B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 May;27(5):302-5
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  • [Title] [Clinical significance for minimal residual disease detection by 4 color flow cytometry in adult and childhood B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical significance for minimal residual disease (MRD) detection by 4 color flow cytometry in B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL).
  • The percentages of leukemia cells in these 15 patients were all over 0.0001.
  • [MeSH-major] Flow Cytometry / methods. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD19 / immunology. Antigens, CD34 / immunology. Antigens, CD45 / immunology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Neprilysin / immunology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 16875577.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Antigens, CD34; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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64. Cocco C, Canale S, Frasson C, Di Carlo E, Ognio E, Ribatti D, Prigione I, Basso G, Airoldi I: Interleukin-23 acts as antitumor agent on childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells. Blood; 2010 Nov 11;116(19):3887-98
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  • [Title] Interleukin-23 acts as antitumor agent on childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the potential direct antitumor activity of IL-23 in pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cells and to unravel the molecular mechanisms involved.
  • Here, we show, for the first time, that IL-23R is up-regulated in primary B-ALL cells, compared with normal early B lymphocytes, and that IL-23 dampens directly tumor growth in vitro and in vivo through the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis.
  • The latter finding is related to IL-23-induced up-regulation of miR15a expression and the consequent down-regulation of BCL-2 protein expression in pediatric B-ALL cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Interleukin-23 Subunit p19 / immunology. Interleukin-23 Subunit p19 / pharmacology. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Apoptosis / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Gene Expression / drug effects. Genes, bcl-2 / drug effects. Humans. In Vitro Techniques. Infant. Male. Mice. Mice, Inbred NOD. Mice, SCID. MicroRNAs / antagonists & inhibitors. MicroRNAs / genetics. Recombinant Proteins / genetics. Recombinant Proteins / immunology. Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology. Signal Transduction / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20671120.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / IL23A protein, human; 0 / Interleukin-23 Subunit p19; 0 / MIRN15 microRNA, human; 0 / MicroRNAs; 0 / Recombinant Proteins
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65. Manzat Saplacan RM, Mircea PA, Valean SD, Miu N, Burac L, Valean C, Nanulescu M: The long-term evolution of chronic hepatitis B acquired in childhood. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis; 2009 Dec;18(4):433-8
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  • [Title] The long-term evolution of chronic hepatitis B acquired in childhood.
  • The AIM of this study was to assess the long-term evolution of chronic hepatitis B acquired in childhood.
  • METHODS: The study was carried out in 2007 - 2008 on a group of 77 adult patients who were diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B in childhood.
  • RESULTS: From the 77 patients, 69 were HBeAg positive and the other 8 patients were anti-HBe positive when the diagnosis was made in their childhood.
  • Thirty-seven patients from the HBeAg positive group and 2 patients from the anti-HBe group had been treated in childhood with IFN-alpha and the other 38 patients remained untreated (32 patients with HBeAg positive and 6 patients anti-HBe positive).
  • CONCLUSION: The long-term outcome in our patients with CHB acquired in childhood did not differ between treated and untreated patients.

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  • (PMID = 20076815.001).
  • [ISSN] 1841-8724
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases : JGLD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gastrointestin Liver Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / Hepatitis B Antibodies; 0 / Hepatitis B e Antigens; 9008-11-1 / Interferons; EC 2.6.1.1 / Aspartate Aminotransferases; EC 2.6.1.2 / Alanine Transaminase
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66. Cairo MS, Gerrard M, Sposto R, Auperin A, Pinkerton CR, Michon J, Weston C, Perkins SL, Raphael M, McCarthy K, Patte C, FAB LMB96 International Study Committee: Results of a randomized international study of high-risk central nervous system B non-Hodgkin lymphoma and B acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children and adolescents. Blood; 2007 Apr 1;109(7):2736-43
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  • [Title] Results of a randomized international study of high-risk central nervous system B non-Hodgkin lymphoma and B acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children and adolescents.
  • The prognosis for higher risk childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma has improved over the past 20 years but the optimal intensity of treatment has yet to be determined.
  • Children 21 years old or younger with newly diagnosed B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma/B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-NHL/B-ALL) with higher risk factors (bone marrow [BM] with or without CNS involvement) were randomized to standard intensity French-American-British/Lymphoma Malignancy B (FAB/LMB) therapy or reduced intensity (reduced cytarabine plus etoposide and deletion of 3 maintenance courses M2, M3, M4).
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy


67. Goto H, Naruto T, Tanoshima R, Kato H, Yokosuka T, Yanagimachi M, Fujii H, Yokota S, Komine H: Chemo-sensitivity in a panel of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines, YCUB series, derived from children. Leuk Res; 2009 Oct;33(10):1386-91
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  • [Title] Chemo-sensitivity in a panel of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines, YCUB series, derived from children.
  • Sensitivity to 10 anticancer drugs was evaluated in 6 childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) cell lines.
  • Authenticity of newly established cell lines was confirmed by genomic fingerprinting.
  • This cell line panel offers an in vitro model for the development of new therapies for childhood BCP-ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / pathology. DNA Fingerprinting / methods. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cell Division / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor / drug effects. Cell Survival / drug effects. Child. Child, Preschool. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Leukocyte Count. Male. Prednisolone / pharmacology


68. Bhushan B, Chauhan PS, Saluja S, Verma S, Mishra AK, Siddiqui S, Kapur S: Aberrant phenotypes in childhood and adult acute leukemia and its association with adverse prognostic factors and clinical outcome. Clin Exp Med; 2010 Mar;10(1):33-40
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  • [Title] Aberrant phenotypes in childhood and adult acute leukemia and its association with adverse prognostic factors and clinical outcome.
  • Occurrence of aberrant phenotypes in childhood and adult acute leukemia (AL) differs considerably in independent studies and their association with prognostic factors is still controversial.
  • In the present study, 214 patients with AL (106 children and 108 adults) were evaluated for the aberrant expression of CD33 in ALL (B cell and T cell) and CD3, CD5, CD7, and CD19 in AML.
  • In AML, aberrant expression of CD19 was expressed in 52 and 32% while CD7 was expressed in 14 and 15% cases of childhood and adult AML, respectively.
  • In summary, aberrant phenotype was commonly seen in adults than childhood B-ALL while in AML, aberrant phenotype was more common in children than adults.
  • CD19 was most commonly expressed antigen followed by CD7 in both childhood and adult AML.
  • Interestingly, aberrant phenotype was not found in childhood T-ALL; however, it was seen in 33% cases of adults.
  • We did not find any association of aberrant phenotype with adverse prognosis factors, CD34 marker, and clinical outcome except the absence of auer rod which was found to be significantly associated with aberrant phenotype of childhood AML (P = 0.01).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19779962.001).
  • [ISSN] 1591-9528
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD
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69. Schneider P, Costa O, Legrand E, Bigot D, Lecleire S, Grassi V, Vannier JP, Vasse M: In vitro secretion of matrix metalloprotease 9 is a prognostic marker in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Leuk Res; 2010 Jan;34(1):24-31
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  • [Title] In vitro secretion of matrix metalloprotease 9 is a prognostic marker in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) are endopeptidases involved in tumor cell invasion.
  • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is characterized by its capacity to infiltrate different organs.
  • In patients at relapse, MMP-14 was present in a greater proportion of the B-ALL cell population than at diagnosis.
  • ROC curve and Kaplan-Meier curve analysis showed that a high secretion of MMP-9 (>2450 pg/ml/10(6) cells) was associated with a lower overall survival rate, suggesting that the secretion of MMP-9 is an independent prognostic factor in childhood B-ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / enzymology

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  • [Copyright] 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19748669.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
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70. Csinady E, van der Velden VH, Joas R, Fischer S, de Vries JF, Beverloo HB, König M, Pötschger U, van Dongen JJ, Mann G, Haas OA, Panzer-Grümayer ER: Chromosome 14 copy number-dependent IGH gene rearrangement patterns in high hyperdiploid childhood B-cell precursor ALL: implications for leukemia biology and minimal residual disease analysis. Leukemia; 2009 May;23(5):870-6
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  • [Title] Chromosome 14 copy number-dependent IGH gene rearrangement patterns in high hyperdiploid childhood B-cell precursor ALL: implications for leukemia biology and minimal residual disease analysis.
  • Childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP ALL) is generally a clonal disease in which the number of IGH rearrangements per cell does not exceed the number of the IGH alleles on chromosome 14.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Gene Dosage / genetics. Gene Rearrangement. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19148138.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
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71. Citak EC, Oguz A, Karadeniz C, Akyurek N: Role of gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9), TIMP-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and microvessel density on the clinicopathological behavior of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Jan-Feb;25(1):55-66
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Role of gelatinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9), TIMP-1, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and microvessel density on the clinicopathological behavior of childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • The present study was carried out to clarify the role of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and -9 (MMP-2 and MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and microvessel density (MVD) in the clinicopathologic behavior of childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
  • The results showed that angiogenesis and angiogenic factors might have a role in development and clinical behavior of childhood NHL.
  • Larger series of patients are needed to determine the prognostic value of angiogenesis in childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiogenic Proteins / analysis. Lymphoma, B-Cell / diagnosis. Neovascularization, Pathologic


72. D'Amico G, Bonamino M, Dander E, Marin V, Basso G, Balduzzi A, Biagi E, Biondi A: T cells stimulated by CD40L positive leukemic blasts-pulsed dendritic cells meet optimal functional requirements for adoptive T-cell therapy. Leukemia; 2006 Nov;20(11):2015-24
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  • [Title] T cells stimulated by CD40L positive leukemic blasts-pulsed dendritic cells meet optimal functional requirements for adoptive T-cell therapy.
  • Adoptive T-cell immunotherapy may provide complementary therapy for childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL).
  • In this study, we have analyzed the functional characteristics of anti-BCP-ALL effector T cells generated by co-culturing T lymphocytes and dendritic cells (DC) from allogeneic human stem cell transplantation (HSCT) donors.
  • Anti-BCP-ALL T cells expressed CD49d and CXCR4 (implicated in the recruitment to bone marrow), and CD62L and CCR7 (involved in the migration to lymphoid organs).
  • These effectors are fully equipped to reach leukemia-infiltrated tissues and have characteristics to support and orchestrate the anti-tumor immune-response.
  • [MeSH-major] Adoptive Transfer / methods. CD40 Ligand / metabolism. Dendritic Cells / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Th1 Cells / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigen-Presenting Cells / cytology. Antigen-Presenting Cells / immunology. B-Lymphocytes / cytology. B-Lymphocytes / immunology. Bone Marrow Cells / cytology. Cell Communication / immunology. Cell Lineage / immunology. Cell Movement / immunology. Cells, Cultured. Child. Coculture Techniques. Humans. Immunologic Memory. Immunophenotyping

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  • (PMID = 16990769.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 147205-72-9 / CD40 Ligand
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73. Karadeniz C, Oguz A, Citak EC, Uluoglu O, Okur V, Demirci S, Okur A, Aksakal N: Clinical characteristics and treatment results of pediatric B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients in a single center. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2007 Sep;24(6):417-30
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  • [Title] Clinical characteristics and treatment results of pediatric B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients in a single center.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical characteristics of the B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients and therapeutic efficacy of modified NHL BFM-90 and NHL BFM-95 protocols in the authors' center.
  • Forty-five patients were treated with modified B-cell BFM-90 and 16 patients were treated with B-cell BFM-95 regimens.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17710659.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Diuretics; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 63CZ7GJN5I / Allopurinol; 8MDF5V39QO / Sodium Bicarbonate; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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74. Pais AP, Amare Kadam PS, Raje GC, Banavali S, Parikh P, Kurkure P, Arora B, Gujral S, Kumar SA, Badrinath Y: RUNX1 aberrations in ETV6/RUNX1-positive and ETV6/RUNX1-negative patients: its hemato-pathological and prognostic significance in a large cohort (619 cases) of ALL. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Sep;25(6):582-97
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  • A large-cohort study (619) of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) revealed an ETV6/RUNX1 (previously known as TEL/AML1) incidence of 18% in pediatric B-cell precussor ALL, indicating no geographical heterogeinity.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18728978.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; 0 / Repressor Proteins
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75. Yeung LT, Roberts EA: Current issues in the management of paediatric viral hepatitis. Liver Int; 2010 Jan;30(1):5-18
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  • In preschoolers, hepatitis A virus (HAV) infection frequently causes acute liver failure.
  • A recently developed vaccine against hepatitis E virus (HEV) may benefit fetal health, because pregnant women are most prone to acute liver failure as a result of HEV.
  • The rationale for routine treatment of immunotolerant hepatitis B during childhood remains uncertain.
  • Any treatment of chronic hepatitis B in childhood requires consideration of the risks and benefits.
  • Childhood hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection results mainly from mother-to-infant transmission.
  • [MeSH-major] Hepatitis, Viral, Human / prevention & control. Liver Failure, Acute / prevention & control. Viral Hepatitis Vaccines / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 19840256.001).
  • [ISSN] 1478-3231
  • [Journal-full-title] Liver international : official journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Liver Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents; 0 / Hepatitis A Vaccines; 0 / Hepatitis B Vaccines; 0 / Interferon-alpha; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / Viral Hepatitis Vaccines; 0 / peginterferon alfa-2a; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols; 49717AWG6K / Ribavirin; 76543-88-9 / interferon alfa-2a
  • [Number-of-references] 106
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76. Harrison CJ, Haas O, Harbott J, Biondi A, Stanulla M, Trka J, Izraeli S, Biology and Diagnosis Committee of International Berlin-Frankfürt-Münster study group: Detection of prognostically relevant genetic abnormalities in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: recommendations from the Biology and Diagnosis Committee of the International Berlin-Frankfürt-Münster study group. Br J Haematol; 2010 Oct;151(2):132-42
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  • [Title] Detection of prognostically relevant genetic abnormalities in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: recommendations from the Biology and Diagnosis Committee of the International Berlin-Frankfürt-Münster study group.
  • Treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) has improved considerably in recent years.
  • Here we review the current diagnostic criteria of genetic abnormalities in precursor B-ALL (BCP-ALL), including the relevant technical approaches and the application of the most appropriate methods for the detection of each abnormality.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, B-Cell / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
  • (PMID = 20701601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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77. Taylor GM, Hussain A, Lightfoot TJ, Birch JM, Eden TO, Greaves MF: HLA-associated susceptibility to childhood B-cell precursor ALL: definition and role of HLA-DPB1 supertypes. Br J Cancer; 2008 Mar 25;98(6):1125-31
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  • [Title] HLA-associated susceptibility to childhood B-cell precursor ALL: definition and role of HLA-DPB1 supertypes.
  • Childhood B-cell precursor (BCP) ALL is thought to be caused by a delayed immune response to an unidentified postnatal infection.

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  • (PMID = 18334973.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA-DP Antigens; 0 / HLA-DP beta-Chains; 0 / HLA-DPB1 antigen
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2275491
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78. Attarbaschi A, Mann G, König M, Steiner M, Dworzak MN, Gadner H, Haas OA, Austrian Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster Cooperative Study Group: Near-tetraploidy in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a highly specific feature of ETV6/RUNX1-positive leukemic cases. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2006 Jun;45(6):608-11
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  • [Title] Near-tetraploidy in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a highly specific feature of ETV6/RUNX1-positive leukemic cases.
  • Near-tetraploidy (82-94 chromosomes) makes up fewer than 1% of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases and has been reportedly associated with a possibly poorer prognosis compared with other ploidy groups.
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed that eight of the nine B-cell precursor (BCP) cases and none of the three T-cell ALL cases had an ETV6/RUNX1 rearrangement.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / analysis. Polyploidy. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / analysis. Repressor Proteins / analysis

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16552772.001).
  • [ISSN] 1045-2257
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / Repressor Proteins
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79. Chatterton Z, Morenos L, Saffery R, Craig JM, Ashley D, Wong NC: DNA methylation and miRNA expression profiling in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Epigenomics; 2010 Oct;2(5):697-708
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  • [Title] DNA methylation and miRNA expression profiling in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer in children in the modern world.
  • A number of DNA methylation and miRNA profiling studies have investigated the role of both in childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Methylation / physiology. Epigenesis, Genetic / physiology. High-Throughput Screening Assays / methods. MicroRNAs / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 22122053.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-192X
  • [Journal-full-title] Epigenomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epigenomics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / MicroRNAs
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80. Linden T, Schnittger S, Groll AH, Juergens H, Rossig C: Childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in a patient with familial thrombocytopenia and RUNX1 mutation. Br J Haematol; 2010 Dec;151(5):528-30
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  • [Title] Childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in a patient with familial thrombocytopenia and RUNX1 mutation.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Mutation. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Thrombocytopenia / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20880108.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human
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81. Liu GL, Zhang LP, Lu AD: [Clinical analysis of short period chemotherapy in childhood acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia, standard-risk type]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Dec;44(12):948-9
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  • [Title] [Clinical analysis of short period chemotherapy in childhood acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia, standard-risk type].
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy


82. Crazzolara R, Cisterne A, Thien M, Hewson J, Baraz R, Bradstock KF, Bendall LJ: Potentiating effects of RAD001 (Everolimus) on vincristine therapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2009 Apr 2;113(14):3297-306
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  • [Title] Potentiating effects of RAD001 (Everolimus) on vincristine therapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Despite advances in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the majority of children who relapse still die of ALL.
  • We investigated the effects of the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor, RAD001 (Everolimus), in a nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency model of human childhood B-cell progenitor ALL.
  • RAD001 induced a cell-cycle arrest in the G(0/1) phase with associated dephosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein, and reduced levels of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6.
  • In conclusion, we have demonstrated activity of RAD001 in an in vivo leukemia model supporting further clinical development of target of rapamycin inhibitors for the treatment of patients with ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Sirolimus / analogs & derivatives. Vincristine / administration & dosage


83. Prasad RB, Hosking FJ, Vijayakrishnan J, Papaemmanuil E, Koehler R, Greaves M, Sheridan E, Gast A, Kinsey SE, Lightfoot T, Roman E, Taylor M, Pritchard-Jones K, Stanulla M, Schrappe M, Bartram CR, Houlston RS, Kumar R, Hemminki K: Verification of the susceptibility loci on 7p12.2, 10q21.2, and 14q11.2 in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood. Blood; 2010 Mar 4;115(9):1765-7
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  • [Title] Verification of the susceptibility loci on 7p12.2, 10q21.2, and 14q11.2 in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood.
  • Recent genome-wide association data have implicated genetic variation at 7p12.2 (IKZF1), 10q21.2 (ARIDB5), and 14q11.2 (CEBPE) in the etiology of B-cell childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • To verify and further examine the relationship between these variants and ALL risk, we genotyped 1384 cases of precursor B-cell childhood ALL and 1877 controls from Germany and the United Kingdom.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics


84. Smith RL, Rose AJ, Schwartz-Mette RA: Relational and Overt Aggression in Childhood and Adolescence: Clarifying Mean-Level Gender Differences and Associations with Peer Acceptance. Soc Dev; 2009;19(2):243-269
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  • [Title] Relational and Overt Aggression in Childhood and Adolescence: Clarifying Mean-Level Gender Differences and Associations with Peer Acceptance.
  • Current findings demonstrate that when gender differences in relational aggression are assessed with peer nominations, gender differences favoring girls are more likely: a) in adolescence than childhood and b) when statistical overlap with overt aggression is controlled.

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  • (PMID = 20401342.001).
  • [ISSN] 0961-205X
  • [Journal-full-title] Social development (Oxford, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Soc Dev
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R01 MH073590; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R03 MH063753; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / R03 MH063753-01
  • [Publication-type] JOURNAL ARTICLE
  • [Publication-country] England
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85. Hosking FJ, Papaemmanuil E, Sheridan E, Kinsey SE, Lightfoot T, Roman E, Irving JA, Allan JM, Taylor M, Tomlinson IP, Greaves M, Houlston RS: Genome-wide homozygosity signatures and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk. Blood; 2010 Jun 3;115(22):4472-7
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  • [Title] Genome-wide homozygosity signatures and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk.
  • To examine whether homozygosity is associated with an increased risk of developing childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL), we analyzed 824 ALL cases and 2398 controls genotyped for 292 200 tagging SNPs.

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  • (PMID = 20231427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / 10417; United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / C1298/A8362
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Erythropoietin
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86. Shiramizu B, Hu N, Frisque RJ, Nerurkar VR: High prevalence of human polyomavirus JC VP1 gene sequences in pediatric malignancies. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand); 2007 May 15;53(3):4-12
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  • [Title] High prevalence of human polyomavirus JC VP1 gene sequences in pediatric malignancies.
  • The oncogenic potential of human polyomavirus JC (JCV), a ubiquitous virus that establishes infection during early childhood in approximately 70% of the human population, is unclear.
  • As a neurotropic virus, JCV has been implicated in pediatric central nervous system tumors and has been suggested to be a pathogenic agent in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Recent studies have demonstrated JCV gene sequences in pediatric medulloblastomas and among patients with colorectal cancer.
  • Since JCV is detected in B-lymphocytes, a retrospective analysis of pediatric B-cell and non-B-cell malignancies as well as other HIV-associated pediatric malignancies was conducted for the presence of JCV gene sequences.
  • DNA was extracted from 49 pediatric malignancies, including Hodgkin disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, large cell lymphoma and sarcoma.
  • A 215-bp region of the JCV VP1 gene was amplified from 26 (53%) pediatric tumor tissues.
  • Even though JCV TAg gene, which is similar to the SV40 TAg gene, is oncogenic in animal models, the presence of JCV gene sequences in pediatric malignancies does not prove causality.
  • In light of the available data on the presence of JCV in normal and cancerous colon epithelial tissue and our data on amplification of JCV from the cecum of an HIV-infected pediatric patient, further studies are warranted on the role of colon epithelium in the pathogenesis of JCV infection.

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  • (PMID = 17531143.001).
  • [ISSN] 1165-158X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cellular and molecular biology (Noisy-le-Grand, France)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell. Mol. Biol. (Noisy-le-grand)
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / G12 RR003061-205811; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS041833-03; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS041833-02S1; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS039406-01; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / S11 NS041833-03; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / U54 NS039406-05; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR018727-039001; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR018727-047376; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR018727-047376; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS039406-05; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS041833-04; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR003061-217768; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR018727-039001; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / S11 NS041833; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / S11 NS041833-02S1; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS041833-01; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / U54 NS039406-01; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR003061-198157; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS039406-04; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / S11 NS041833-04; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / S11 NS041833-02; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS041833-05; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / U54 NS039406-03S1; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS041833-02; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR018727-029001; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS039406-03; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS041833-04S1; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS039406-03S1; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / U54 NS039406-02; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / G12 RR003061-217768; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / G12 RR003061-198157; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / S11 NS041833-01; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR018727; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR018727-029001; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR003061-205811; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / S11 NS041833-04S1; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / G12 RR003061; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / U54 NS039406-03; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / S11 NS41833; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / U54 NS039406-04; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / S11 NS041833-05; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS039406-02
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Viral, Tumor; 0 / Capsid Proteins; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / VP1 protein, polyomavirus
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87. Forestier E, Andersen MK, Autio K, Blennow E, Borgström G, Golovleva I, Heim S, Heinonen K, Hovland R, Johannsson JH, Kerndrup G, Nordgren A, Rosenquist R, Swolin B, Johansson B, Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (NOPHO), Swedish Cytogenetic Leukemia Study Group (SCLSG), NOPHO Leukemia Cytogenetic Study Group (NLCSG): Cytogenetic patterns in ETV6/RUNX1-positive pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A Nordic series of 245 cases and review of the literature. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2007 May;46(5):440-50
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  • [Title] Cytogenetic patterns in ETV6/RUNX1-positive pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A Nordic series of 245 cases and review of the literature.
  • Between 1992 and 2004, 1,140 children (1 to<15 years) were diagnosed with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Nordic countries.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Lymphoid / genetics. Transcription Factors / genetics

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17285576.001).
  • [ISSN] 1045-2257
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / ETV1 protein, human; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors
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88. Cox CV, Blair A: A primitive cell origin for B-cell precursor ALL? Stem Cell Rev; 2005;1(3):189-96
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  • [Title] A primitive cell origin for B-cell precursor ALL?
  • A stem cell origin has been described for both acute and chronic myelogenous leukemias.
  • In contrast, childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is thought to arise in committed B-lineage cells.
  • Evidence suggests that some subtypes of childhood ALL have a primitive cell origin and share many immunophenotypic characteristics with normal progenitor cells.
  • These leukemic stem cells may be resistant to current therapeutic strategies designed to kill the bulk ALL cell population and subsequent relapses may arise from this population.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / immunology. Biomarkers, Tumor / immunology. Burkitt Lymphoma / immunology. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic / immunology. Neoplastic Stem Cells / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. B-Lymphocytes / immunology. B-Lymphocytes / pathology. Cell Proliferation. Humans. Recurrence

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  • (PMID = 17142855.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-8943
  • [Journal-full-title] Stem cell reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stem Cell Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 54
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89. Mussolin L, Pillon M, Conter V, Piglione M, Lo Nigro L, Pierani P, Micalizzi C, Buffardi S, Basso G, Zanesco L, Rosolen A: Prognostic role of minimal residual disease in mature B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood. J Clin Oncol; 2007 Nov 20;25(33):5254-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic role of minimal residual disease in mature B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood.
  • PURPOSE: To study the prevalence of t(8;14) at diagnosis and the response kinetics to treatment of minimal residual disease (MRD) in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients and determine its impact on prognosis.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 68 children affected by de novo B-ALL enrolled onto the Berlin-Frankfurt-Muenster-based Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology LNH-97 clinical protocol were studied.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / mortality. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18024872.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
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90. Dworzak MN, Schumich A, Printz D, Pötschger U, Husak Z, Attarbaschi A, Basso G, Gaipa G, Ratei R, Mann G, Gadner H: CD20 up-regulation in pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia during induction treatment: setting the stage for anti-CD20 directed immunotherapy. Blood; 2008 Nov 15;112(10):3982-8
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  • [Title] CD20 up-regulation in pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia during induction treatment: setting the stage for anti-CD20 directed immunotherapy.
  • CD20 is expressed in approximately one- half of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases with B-cell precursor (BCP) origin.
  • To understand the impact of this on the potential effectiveness of anti-CD20 immunotherapy, we studied 237 CD10(+) pediatric BCP-ALL patients with Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster (BFM)-type therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antigens, CD20 / biosynthesis. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic / drug effects. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18780832.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00430118
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin; PVDA protocol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2581996
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91. Attias D, Weitzman S: The efficacy of rituximab in high-grade pediatric B-cell lymphoma/leukemia: a review of available evidence. Curr Opin Pediatr; 2008 Feb;20(1):17-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The efficacy of rituximab in high-grade pediatric B-cell lymphoma/leukemia: a review of available evidence.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates whether rituximab has efficacy in high-grade pediatric B-cell lymphoma/leukemia.
  • Current pediatric protocols for CD20+ B-cell lymphoma/leukemia significantly improve survival, but with major morbidity.
  • To assess whether rituximab has efficacy in very high-grade pediatric disease, all published data on rituximab therapy for Burkitt's lymphoma/B acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) and pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory large B-cell lymphoma were reviewed.
  • Minimal pediatric data have been published, but 19 children with mature B-cell lymphoma/B-ALL received rituximab, alone or in combination with chemotherapy, as salvage therapy, after failure of intensive chemotherapy.
  • Although positive reporting bias is suspected, it appears that rituximab, even as monotherapy, has efficacy in heavily pretreated pediatric patients with high-grade B-lymphoma/B-ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18197034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8703
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
  • [Number-of-references] 53
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92. Jalali GR, An Q, Konn ZJ, Worley H, Wright SL, Harrison CJ, Strefford JC, Martineau M: Disruption of ETV6 in intron 2 results in upregulatory and insertional events in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Leukemia; 2008 Jan;22(1):114-23
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  • [Title] Disruption of ETV6 in intron 2 results in upregulatory and insertional events in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
  • We describe four cases of childhood B-cell progenitor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP-ALL) and one of T-cell (T-ALL) with unexpected numbers of interphase signals for ETV6 with an ETV6-RUNX1 fusion probe.
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and Molecular Copy-Number Counting (MCC) results were concordant for the T-cell case.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Introns / genetics. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17972957.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / TLX3 protein, human
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93. Peter A, Heiden T, Taube T, Körner G, Seeger K: Interphase FISH on TEL/AML1 positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapses--analysis of clinical relevance of additional TEL and AML1 copy number changes. Eur J Haematol; 2009 Nov;83(5):420-32
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  • [Title] Interphase FISH on TEL/AML1 positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapses--analysis of clinical relevance of additional TEL and AML1 copy number changes.
  • OBJECTIVES: TEL/AML1 (ETV6/RUNX1) fusion resulting from the translocation t(12;21)(p13;q22) constitutes the most common chimeric fusion gene in initial childhood B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (19-27%) and has been associated with good prognosis.
  • They also show that it is important to consider combined mutations in the analysis of this leukemia entity.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Dosage. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Interphase. Mutation. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19594616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0609
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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94. Bernaldez-Rios R, Ortega-Alvarez MC, Perez-Saldivar ML, Alatoma-Medina NE, Del Campo-Martinez Mde L, Rodriguez-Zepeda Mdel C, Montero-Ponce I, Franco-Ornelas S, Fernandez-Castillo G, Nuñez-Villegas NN, Taboada-Flores MA, Flores-Lujano J, Argüelles-Sanchez ME, Juarez-Ocaña S, Fajardo-Gutierrez A, Mejia-Arangure JM: The age incidence of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Mexico City. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Mar;30(3):199-203
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  • [Title] The age incidence of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Mexico City.
  • The objective of this population-based survey was to assess the peak age of incidence of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children in Mexico City (MC).
  • All patients were classified according to their immunophenotype, and only B-cell precursor and T-lineage were analyzed.
  • The frequency of B-cell precursor ALL was 76.1%, whereas T lineage ALL showed a frequency of 23.6%.
  • B-cell precursor ALL was the major contributor to peak age; T lineage ALL showed a peak among 1 and 3 years of age.
  • We conclude that the age peak for children with ALL in MC is within the ranges reported for developed countries and that B-cell precursor ALL is the main contributor to these peak.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology


95. Krapf G, Kaindl U, Kilbey A, Fuka G, Inthal A, Joas R, Mann G, Neil JC, Haas OA, Panzer-Grümayer ER: ETV6/RUNX1 abrogates mitotic checkpoint function and targets its key player MAD2L1. Oncogene; 2010 Jun 03;29(22):3307-12
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  • Approximately 25% of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia have an ETV6/RUNX1 (E/R) gene fusion that results from a t(12;21).
  • This genetic subgroup of leukemia is associated with near-triploidy, near-tetraploidy, and trisomy 21 as rather specific types of secondary changes.
  • Consistent with this notion, E/R-expressing diploid murine and human cell lines have decreased proportions of cells with 4N DNA content and a lower mitotic index when treated with spindle toxins.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics. Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics. Mitosis / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit. Gene Fusion. Gene Rearrangement. Humans. Karyotyping. Mad2 Proteins. Promoter Regions, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 20190817.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5594
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncogene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncogene
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] Austria / Austrian Science Fund FWF / / P 17551
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / MAD2L1 protein, human; 0 / Mad2 Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ EMS32872; NLM/ PMC4194424
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96. Gudowius S, Recker K, Laws HJ, Dirksen U, Tröger A, Wieczorek U, Furlan S, Göbel U, Hanenberg H: Identification of candidate target antigens for antibody-based immunotherapy in childhood B-cell precursor ALL. Klin Padiatr; 2006 Nov-Dec;218(6):327-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Identification of candidate target antigens for antibody-based immunotherapy in childhood B-cell precursor ALL.
  • BACKGROUND: Contemporary risk adapted treatment protocols for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) rely on accurate risk assessment strategies for disease re-occurrence by incorporating clinical parameters as well as immunological, molecular and cytogenetic features of the blasts at initial manifestation.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: In order to identify target antigen structures, we analyzed the immunological expression profiles of blasts from 181 patients with B-cell precursor ALL treated at our institution in 11 years according to the CoALL-92/97/03 protocols.
  • CD20 was expressed on 11-37 % of B-cell precursor ALL samples.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These analyses clearly identified the three antigens CD19, CD22 and HLA-DR present on blasts in more than 90 % of patients as potential target structures for targeted therapies with native or toxin-bound monoclonal antibodies in childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antigens, CD19 / analysis. Burkitt Lymphoma / immunology. HLA-DR Antigens / analysis. Immunotherapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 2 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17080335.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-8630
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinische Pädiatrie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Padiatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 2
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97. Fridberg M, Kjellström S, Anagnostaki L, Skogvall I, Mustelin T, Wiebe T, Persson JL, Dictor M, Wingren AG: Immunohistochemical analyses of phosphatases in childhood B-cell lymphoma: lower expression of PTEN and HePTP and higher number of positive cells for nuclear SHP2 in B-cell lymphoma cases compared to controls. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Sep;25(6):528-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunohistochemical analyses of phosphatases in childhood B-cell lymphoma: lower expression of PTEN and HePTP and higher number of positive cells for nuclear SHP2 in B-cell lymphoma cases compared to controls.
  • Although many pediatric B-cell lymphoma patients are being cured today, much is still unknown about the pathogenesis of this disease.
  • The authors have analyzed 26 pediatric B-cell lymphoma cases for the expression of a panel of phosphatases and report a statistically significant lower expression intensity of PTEN and HePTP and higher nuclear SHP2 expression in B-cell lymphoma cases compared to lymphoid tissue.
  • Knowledge about the expression of key regulatory proteins in pediatric B-cell lymphomas is necessary for revealing the complex molecular background of this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell / genetics. PTEN Phosphohydrolase / metabolism. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11 / biosynthesis. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18728972.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.1.3.48 / PTPN7 protein, human; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor; EC 3.1.3.67 / PTEN Phosphohydrolase
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