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1. Hamaguchi K, Nakagawa I, Hidaka S, Uesugi F, Kubo T, Kato T: [Effect of propofol on visual evoked potentials during neurosurgery]. Masui; 2005 Sep;54(9):998-1002
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  • Many studies on the evoked potential like somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) and auditory brain stem response (ABR) are reported, but studies on visual evoked potential (VEP) are few.
  • METHODS: Seven patients scheduled for neurosurgery, three with cranial aneurysm and four with brain tumor, were studied.

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  • (PMID = 16167791.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-4892
  • [Journal-full-title] Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Masui
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Intravenous; YI7VU623SF / Propofol
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2. Cueva RA, Mastrodimos B: Approach design and closure techniques to minimize cerebrospinal fluid leak after cerebellopontine angle tumor surgery. Otol Neurotol; 2005 Nov;26(6):1176-81
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  • [Title] Approach design and closure techniques to minimize cerebrospinal fluid leak after cerebellopontine angle tumor surgery.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to identify specific aspects of surgical approach design and closure technique aimed at reducing the incidence of cerebrospinal fluid leak after cerebellopontine angle tumor surgery.
  • PATIENTS: All patients undergoing cerebellopontine angle tumor surgery at the study institution from January 1996 through September 2004.
  • Tumor types in descending order of frequency were as follows: acoustic neuroma, 244; cerebellopontine angle meningiomas, 33; petroclival meningiomas, 32; foramen magnum meningiomas, 10; epidermoid tumors, 9; facial nerve tumors, 6; hemangiopericytomas, 3; schwannomas of glossopharyngeal/spinal accessory nerves, 3; and unusual internal auditory canal tumors, 3.
  • Surgical approaches used for tumor resection included translabyrinthine, retrosigmoid, combined transpetrosal, far lateral/transcondylar, middle cranial fossa, and extended middle cranial fossa.

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  • (PMID = 16272937.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-7129
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Howell DM, Morgan WJ, Jarjour AA, Spirou GA, Berrebi AS, Kennedy TE, Mathers PH: Molecular guidance cues necessary for axon pathfinding from the ventral cochlear nucleus. J Comp Neurol; 2007 Oct 10;504(5):533-49
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  • Factors that guide developing axons are known for various pathways throughout the mammalian brain; however, signals necessary to establish auditory connections are largely unknown.
  • In the auditory brainstem the neurons whose axons traverse the midline in the ventral acoustic stria (VAS) are primarily located in the ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN) and project bilaterally to the superior olivary complex (SOC).
  • Taken together, these data show that a functional netrin-DCC signaling system is required for establishing proper VCN axonal projections in the auditory brainstem.
  • [MeSH-major] Auditory Pathways / physiology. Axons / physiology. Cochlear Nucleus / cytology. Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental. Neurons / cytology
  • [MeSH-minor] Amino Acids. Animals. Embryo, Mammalian. Female. Immunohistochemistry / methods. In Situ Hybridization / methods. Mice. Mice, Knockout. Nerve Growth Factors / deficiency. Nerve Growth Factors / genetics. Nerve Growth Factors / metabolism. Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics. Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism. Pregnancy. Receptors, Cell Surface / deficiency. Receptors, Immunologic / genetics. Receptors, Immunologic / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / deficiency. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17701984.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9967
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of comparative neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Comp. Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR15574; United States / NEI NIH HHS / EY / R01 EY12152; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R21 DC04513
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amino Acids; 0 / Dcc protein, mouse; 0 / Nerve Growth Factors; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / Receptors, Immunologic; 0 / Robo2 protein, mouse; 0 / Slit1 protein, mouse; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / dolaisoleucine; 0 / roundabout protein; 158651-98-0 / netrin-1
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4. Hamilton BE, Salzman KL, Patel N, Wiggins RH 3rd, Macdonald AJ, Shelton C, Wallace RC, Cure J, Harnsberger HR: Imaging and clinical characteristics of temporal bone meningioma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol; 2006 Nov-Dec;27(10):2204-9
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  • Meningiomas were stratified into 3 groups on the basis of location and tumor vector of spread.
  • There were 6 tegmen tympani, 5 jugular foramen (JF), and 2 internal auditory canal (IAC) meningiomas.
  • The presence of tumor adjacent to the ossicles strongly correlated with conductive hearing loss (7/9).

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  • (PMID = 17110695.001).
  • [ISSN] 0195-6108
  • [Journal-full-title] AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Choi KD, Kim JS, Kim HJ, Koo JW, Kim JH, Kim CY, Oh CW, Kee HJ: Hyperventilation-induced nystagmus in peripheral vestibulopathy and cerebellopontine angle tumor. Neurology; 2007 Sep 4;69(10):1050-9
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  • [Title] Hyperventilation-induced nystagmus in peripheral vestibulopathy and cerebellopontine angle tumor.
  • RESULTS: The incidence of HIN was higher in the CPA tumor than in the UPV group (82 vs 34%, p < 0.01) and was also higher in the acute than in the chronic UPV group (60 vs 21%, p < 0.01).
  • Furthermore, HIN was more commonly ipsilesional (i-HIN) in the CPA tumor than in the UPV group (52 vs 8%, p < 0.01) and more commonly ipsilesional in the acute than in the chronic UPV group (21 vs 1%, p < 0.01).
  • Our study demonstrates that hyperventilation-induced nystagmus (HIN) beating to the side of reduced caloric response, hearing impairment, or abnormal auditory brainstem response responses may be a valuable sign for bedside detection of cerebellopontine angle (CPA) tumors.
  • CPA tumor should be a prime suspicion in patients with acute vertigo and ipsilesional HIN, especially when the vertigo accompanies hearing impairments.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / physiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged


6. Sone M, Katayama N, Otake N, Sato E, Fujimoto Y, Ito M, Nakashima T: Characterizing the auditory changes in tumor metastasis to the bilateral internal auditory canals. J Clin Neurosci; 2007 May;14(5):470-3
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  • [Title] Characterizing the auditory changes in tumor metastasis to the bilateral internal auditory canals.
  • We report the changes in auditory function in a patient with tumor metastasis to the bilateral internal auditory canals (IAC).
  • The hearing gradually deteriorated at frequencies below 1 kHz and above 4 kHz, with the auditory brainstem response (ABR) eventually becoming absent in both ears.
  • However, distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) were present at low frequencies, which suggests that the organ of Corti in its upper turn remained unaffected by tumor invasion.
  • [MeSH-major] Cranial Nerve Neoplasms / physiopathology. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / physiology. Neoplasm Metastasis / physiopathology. Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17386369.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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7. Mohr G, Sade B, Dufour JJ, Rappaport JM: Preservation of hearing in patients undergoing microsurgery for vestibular schwannoma: degree of meatal filling. J Neurosurg; 2005 Jan;102(1):1-5
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  • This study was aimed at analyzing the role played by filling of the internal auditory canal (IAC) as well as those played by preoperative hearing quality, and tumor size in the postoperative preservation of serviceable hearing (SH).
  • The maximal extrameatal size of the tumor, its extension within the IAC, and pre- and postoperative hearing quality, according to the Gardner-Robertson classification, were evaluated.
  • With respect to tumor size, SH was preserved in 39% of 77 patients harboring a tumor 15 mm wide or smaller and in 2% of 51 patients with lesions 16 mm wide or larger (p < 0.001).
  • With regard to filling of the IAC, among 63 patients harboring a tumor 15 mm or smaller, in whom magnetic resonance images were available, SH was preserved in 52.8% of 36 patients with partial filling and in 25.9% of 27 patients with complete filling (p = 0.032).
  • Both tumor size and the extent of IAC filling proved statistically significant in a multivariable analysis (p < 0.001 and p = 0.026, respectively).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Incomplete filling of the IAC and a tumor size of 15 mm or smaller are independent favorable factors in SH preservation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Audiometry, Pure-Tone / methods. Ear, Inner / physiopathology. Female. Humans. Intraoperative Care. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Otologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Postoperative Care. Preoperative Care. Severity of Illness Index. Speech Reception Threshold Test. Tumor Burden


8. Eshraghi AA, Hoosien G, Ramsay S, Dinh CT, Bas E, Balkany TJ, Van De Water TR: Inhibition of the JNK signal cascade conserves hearing against electrode insertion trauma-induced loss. Cochlear Implants Int; 2010 Jun;11 Suppl 1:104-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthracenes / pharmacology. Hearing Loss / prevention & control. MAP Kinase Kinase 4 / pharmacology. MAP Kinase Signaling System / drug effects. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Apoptosis / drug effects. Auditory Threshold / drug effects. Cells, Cultured. Disease Models, Animal. Electrodes, Implanted. Guinea Pigs. Hair Cells, Auditory / cytology. Hair Cells, Auditory / drug effects. In Vitro Techniques. Injections, Intralesional. Organ of Corti / cytology. Rats. Reference Values. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 21756592.001).
  • [ISSN] 1754-7628
  • [Journal-full-title] Cochlear implants international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochlear Implants Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracenes; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 0 / anthra(1,9-cd)pyrazol-6(2H)-one; EC 2.7.12.2 / MAP Kinase Kinase 4
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9. Meli DN, Coimbra RS, Erhart DG, Loquet G, Bellac CL, Täuber MG, Neumann U, Leib SL: Doxycycline reduces mortality and injury to the brain and cochlea in experimental pneumococcal meningitis. Infect Immun; 2006 Jul;74(7):3890-6
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  • The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tumor necrosis factor alpha-converting enzyme (TACE) are key mediators that promote inflammation, blood-brain barrier disruption, and brain injury in bacterial meningitis.
  • Here, doxycycline inhibited TACE with a 50% inhibitory dose of 74 microM in vitro and reduced the amount of tumor necrosis factor alpha released into the cerebrospinal fluid by 90% in vivo.
  • Adjuvant doxycycline (30 mg/kg given subcutaneously once daily for 4 days) also attenuated hearing loss, as assessed by auditory brainstem response audiometry, and neuronal death in the cochlear spiral ganglion at 3 weeks after infection.

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  • (PMID = 16790761.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-9567
  • [Journal-full-title] Infection and immunity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Immun.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / P50 NS035902; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / 2P50NS035902-06
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 75J73V1629 / Ceftriaxone; N12000U13O / Doxycycline
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1489684
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10. Bhandare N, Mendenhall WM, Antonelli PJ: Radiation effects on the auditory and vestibular systems. Otolaryngol Clin North Am; 2009 Aug;42(4):623-34
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  • [Title] Radiation effects on the auditory and vestibular systems.
  • Because of the variability of tumor location and dimensions, sparing of nontarget normal tissue and organs may not be possible.
  • Treatment modalities that deliver the highest doses of radiation to the auditory system include stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) for the treatment of vestibular schwannomas (VS), and fractionated radiotherapy (FRT) or intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) for the treatment of head and neck malignancies.
  • Radiation therapy for VS is unique because of its involvement of the inner ear and preexisting auditory and vestibular dysfunction.
  • Auditory and vestibular dysfunction following RT for VS may be limited by limiting the total dose of cranial nerve VIII irradiation and by fractionation.

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  • (PMID = 19751868.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-8259
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologic clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 69
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11. Tsukahara K, Suzuki M, Tokashiki R, Motohashi R, Iwaya K: Pleomorphic adenoma of the external auditory canal complicated by hearing loss secondary to chronic otitis media. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2006 Jun;33(2):183-6
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  • [Title] Pleomorphic adenoma of the external auditory canal complicated by hearing loss secondary to chronic otitis media.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) rarely occurs in the external auditory canal (EAC).
  • At the initial examination, a tumor covered by smooth skin was seen filling the left EAC.
  • The CT and MRI findings led to a diagnosis of a tumor of the left EAC complicated with an inflammatory middle-ear lesion.
  • The tumor was excised en bloc with the overlying skin, and tympanoplasty was performed.

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  • (PMID = 16309867.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-8146
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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12. Detweiler MB, David E, Arif S: Ruptured intracranial dermoid cyst presenting with neuropsychiatric symptoms: a case report. South Med J; 2009 Jan;102(1):98-100
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  • The case of a 58-year-old man with a chronic history of anxiety, major depression, and obsessive compulsive disorder who presented with new onset auditory and visual phenomena is described.
  • This case illustrates the need to include an underlying brain tumor in the differential diagnosis when encountering new onset auditory and visual phenomena in patients with chronic mood and/or anxiety disorders.

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  • (PMID = 19077771.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-8243
  • [Journal-full-title] Southern medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] South. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Kuwabara H, Haginomori S, Takamaki A, Ito K, Takenaka H, Kurisu Y, Tsuji M, Mori H: Lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma of the ceruminous gland. Pathol Int; 2006 Jan;56(1):51-3
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  • A 69-year-old Japanese woman presented with a mass in the posterior wall of the cartilaginous external auditory canal.
  • Light microscopic examination revealed a well-circumscribed tumor composed of tubular structures with apocrine secretion and ceroid deposition, extensive mature adipocytes, and spindle-shaped myoepithelial cells in the myxoid and fibrous stroma.
  • This case demonstrates the peculiar location of a lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma in the external auditory canal.

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  • (PMID = 16398681.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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14. Ereño C, Izquierdo AP, Basurko JM, Bilbao FJ, López JI: Temporal bone secretory meningioma presenting as a middle ear mass. Pathol Res Pract; 2006;202(6):481-4
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  • CT scan revealed a tumor occupying the mastoid, middle ear, and external auditory canal.
  • The differential diagnosis of this tumor in this location is also commented on.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16517091.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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15. Sade B, Lee JH: Recovery of low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss following resection of a greater superficial petrosal nerve schwannoma. Case report. J Neurosurg; 2007 Jul;107(1):181-4
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  • Facial nerve schwannomas can occur anywhere from the internal auditory canal to the parotid gland.
  • The tumor was located in the Glasscock triangle and had invaded the petrous bone overlying the cochlea.
  • A very small piece of the tumor over the cochlea was left in order to preserve hearing.

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  • (PMID = 17639892.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Mahalingam M, Kveaton JF, Bhawan J: Cutaneous neuroendocrine adenoma: an uncommon neoplasm. J Cutan Pathol; 2006 Apr;33(4):315-7
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  • METHODS: We report the case of a 32-year-old female who presented with a granular mass in the right external auditory canal.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Ear Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ear Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry

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  • (PMID = 16630184.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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17. Marx RE, Cillo JE Jr, Broumand V, Ulloa JJ: Outcome analysis of mandibular condylar replacements in tumor and trauma reconstruction: a prospective analysis of 131 cases with long-term follow-up. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2008 Dec;66(12):2515-23
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  • [Title] Outcome analysis of mandibular condylar replacements in tumor and trauma reconstruction: a prospective analysis of 131 cases with long-term follow-up.
  • One patient (0.8%) who also was irradiated developed an erosion into the external auditory meatus with pain.

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  • (PMID = 19022132.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5053
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] D1JT611TNE / Titanium
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18. Anioł-Borkowska M, Namysłowski G, Lisowska G, Kwiek S, Hajduk A: [Evaluation of the cochlear efferent system in patients with cerebello-pontine angle tumor]. Pol Merkur Lekarski; 2005 Sep;19(111):283-5
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  • [Title] [Evaluation of the cochlear efferent system in patients with cerebello-pontine angle tumor].
  • The aim of the study was to estimate a cochlear efferent system in the group of patents with cerebello-pontine angle tumor (CPA).
  • The research was also conducted on the influence of tumor dimensions, age, sex, and the hearing level in tonal audiometry on the size of the efferent effect.
  • The research was carried out on a group of 14 patients with cerebello-pontine angle tumor and on an appropriate fourteen-person test group.
  • Having our results analyzed we were able to state that, compared with the test group, in the group of patients with CPA tumor significant reduce suppressions of otoacoustic emission response during CAS occurred both in an ear on the tumor side and in an ear on the healthy side.
  • However, the tumor dimensions, sex, and the hearing level in tonal audiometry seemed not to affect significantly the size of the efferent effect.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Case-Control Studies. Efferent Pathways / physiopathology. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 16358843.001).
  • [ISSN] 1426-9686
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol. Merkur. Lekarski
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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19. Kuczkowski J, Izycka-Swieszewska E, Plichta Ł, Cieszyńska J: [Combined tumor of ceruminous gland origin in the external auditory canal--a histopathological and immunohistochemical study]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2010 Nov-Dec;64(6):385-7
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  • [Title] [Combined tumor of ceruminous gland origin in the external auditory canal--a histopathological and immunohistochemical study].
  • OBJECTIVES: We present a case of a combined tumor consisting of solid tubular gland adenoma (TA) and syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP) of the external auditory canal and review of the literature on this subject.
  • METHODS: Tumour of the external auditory canal was removed by retroauricular approach with good clinical outcome.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Tubular gland adenoma and syringocystadenoma papilliferum are benign tumors originating from ceruminous glands of the skin, characterized by very rare occurrence especially in the skin of the external auditory canal.
  • Every tumor arising from the external auditory canal should be examined histologically and immunohistochemically in order to choose the best treatment option.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 21302507.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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20. Sanna M, Fois P, Pasanisi E, Russo A, Bacciu A: Middle ear and mastoid glomus tumors (glomus tympanicum): an algorithm for the surgical management. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2010 Dec;37(6):661-8
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  • METHODS: Between December 1988 and July 2008, 68 patients with histologically confirmed glomus tympanicum tumor underwent surgical treatment.
  • Nineteen patients with larger Class B tumors underwent a subtotal petrosectomy with blind sac closure of the external auditory canal and middle ear obliteration.
  • Gross total tumor removal was achieved in all 68 cases.
  • CONCLUSION: Surgical excision of glomus tympanicum tumors is a safe procedure, allowing total tumor removal with minimal morbidity, a low recurrence rate, and a low complication rate.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Ear Neoplasms / surgery. Ear, Middle. Glomus Tympanicum Tumor / surgery. Mastoid. Skull Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Procedures, Operative

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20400250.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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21. Kirjavainen A, Sulg M, Heyd F, Alitalo K, Ylä-Herttuala S, Möröy T, Petrova TV, Pirvola U: Prox1 interacts with Atoh1 and Gfi1, and regulates cellular differentiation in the inner ear sensory epithelia. Dev Biol; 2008 Oct 1;322(1):33-45
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  • [MeSH-major] Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / metabolism. Cell Differentiation / physiology. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Ear, Inner / embryology. Epithelial Cells / physiology. Homeodomain Proteins / physiology. Transcription Factors / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoviridae / genetics. Animals. Apoptosis / physiology. Cells, Cultured. Cochlea / cytology. Cochlea / embryology. Cochlea / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p57 / genetics. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p57 / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental. Gene Transfer Techniques. Genes, Reporter. Hair Cells, Auditory / cytology. Hair Cells, Auditory / metabolism. Hair Cells, Auditory / virology. Immunohistochemistry. Mice. Mice, Knockout. NIH 3T3 Cells. Organ Culture Techniques. Saccule and Utricle / cytology. Saccule and Utricle / embryology. Saccule and Utricle / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18652815.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-564X
  • [Journal-full-title] Developmental biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dev. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Atoh1 protein, mouse; 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / Cdkn1c protein, mouse; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p57; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Gfi1 protein, mouse; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / prospero-related homeobox 1 protein
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22. Chang JM, Kwon BJ, Han MH, Kang HS, Chang KH: Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma arising from the internal auditory canal. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol; 2006 Apr;27(4):931-3
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  • [Title] Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma arising from the internal auditory canal.
  • Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular tumor and locally aggressive endothelial-derived spindle cell neoplasm, which occurs almost exclusively in infants and adolescents.
  • Radiologically, hemangioendothelioma, including Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma, is seen as a highly vascularized well-enhancing tumor, but no characteristic findings differentiate Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma from other soft-tissue tumors, particularly when the tumor is too small to have any locally aggressive features or identifiable large vessels.
  • We present a case of Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma in the internal auditory canal that had no differential features on initial MR images and rapidly grew into a huge mass in a few months.


23. Kim CW, Rho YS, Cho SJ, Lee CH, Bae WJ: A case of ceruminous adenocarcinoma of the external auditory canal presenting as an aural polyp. Am J Otolaryngol; 2008 May-Jun;29(3):205-8
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  • [Title] A case of ceruminous adenocarcinoma of the external auditory canal presenting as an aural polyp.
  • Ceruminous adenocarcinoma is a rare malignant tumor arising from the ceruminous gland of the external auditory canal ceruminous gland.
  • Usually it displays no specific clinical symptoms or signs, so most reported cases have involved an advanced tumor and the treatment results have been disappointing.
  • We were able to detect the tumor early, and en bloc resection was possible in the form of a partial temporal bone resection.

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  • (PMID = 18439958.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-818X
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Carvalho CP, Barcellos AN, Teixeira DC, Sales Jde O, Silva Neto Rd: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the external auditory canal. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol; 2008 Sep-Oct;74(5):794-6
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  • [Title] Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the external auditory canal.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare tumor originating from the salivary glands, especially when arise the external auditory canal.
  • This tumor has high rate of perineural invasion and metastasis, then must be treated with aggressive surgery combined with postoperative radiation.
  • We report a case of an adenoid cystic carcinoma arising the external auditory canal of 77 years old female patient, who complained hypoacusis and pain.

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  • (PMID = 19082366.001).
  • [ISSN] 1808-8694
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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25. Panda NK, Rao SS, Karuppiah S, Vaiphei K, Singh P: Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of middle ear masquerading as glomus tumor. Am J Otolaryngol; 2007 Jan-Feb;28(1):69-71
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  • [Title] Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma of middle ear masquerading as glomus tumor.
  • Imaging showed a contrast enhancing soft tissue mass lesion involving the external auditory canal and middle ear, mimicking as glomus tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Glomus Tumor / diagnosis. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male

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  • (PMID = 17162139.001).
  • [ISSN] 0196-0709
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Ferri GG, Modugno GC, Calbucci F, Ceroni AR, Pirodda A: Hearing loss in vestibular schwannomas: analysis of cochlear function by means of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2009 Dec;36(6):644-8
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  • We also related the responses to some clinical variables (tumor size, intracanalicular tumor and radiologic appearance of the internal auditory canal).
  • DPOAEs still remain just a complementary auditory test; nevertheless, in case of severe or profound unilateral hearing loss, recorded acoustic responses may be suspicious for the presence of a vestibular schwannoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Auditory Threshold / physiology. Deafness / diagnosis. Deafness / physiopathology. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Retrocochlear Diseases / diagnosis. Retrocochlear Diseases / physiopathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19419826.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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27. Piccirillo E, Guida M, Flanagan S, Lauda L, Fois P, Sanna M: CNAP To Predict Functional Cochlear Nerve Preservation in NF-2: Cochlear Implant or Auditory Brainstem Implant. Skull Base; 2008 Jul;18(4):281-7
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  • [Title] CNAP To Predict Functional Cochlear Nerve Preservation in NF-2: Cochlear Implant or Auditory Brainstem Implant.
  • The ideal management of bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VSs) involves complete tumor resection with preservation of hearing in at least one ear.
  • While auditory brainstem implants (ABIs) have represented a significant advance in the management of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF-2) patients, hearing rehabilitation is far from ideal.
  • More recently, cochlear implantation has been used in selected cases of NF-2, following tumor removal, where the patient is left with bilateral profound hearing loss but with anatomical continuity of the cochlear nerve.
  • Thirty-nine tumors have been removed, with 10 patients having had bilateral tumor removed.
  • In the setting of a negative fast auditory brainstem response (ABR), but preserved cochlear nerve action potential (CNAP), the option of a CI can be considered.
  • However, where the fast ABR and the morphology and amplitude of the CNAP are significantly degraded at the brainstem, the placement of an ABI should be strongly considered at the time of tumor removal.

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  • (PMID = 19119343.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5010
  • [Journal-full-title] Skull base : official journal of North American Skull Base Society ... [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skull Base
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2467484
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CNAP / Intraoperative monitoring / NF-2 / fast ABR / hearing rehabilitation
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28. Pérez González R, Martín Sigüenza G, Alonso Alonso J, Alonso Orcajo N, González Palomino A, Guerra Camacho M, Casas Rubio C: [The adenoid cystic carcinoma]. An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am; 2005;32(3):211-20
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  • The adenoid cystic carcinoma arising in the external auditory canal is a rare tumor, as other malignant neoplasias of the EAC and middle ear.
  • In this report we show a new case of adenoid cystic carcinoma of external auditory canal and review the most significant medical literature existing in relationship with this pathology.

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  • (PMID = 16001690.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-8874
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales otorrinolaringológicos ibero-americanos
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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29. Nakamura M, Roser F, Dormiani M, Matthies C, Vorkapic P, Samii M: Facial and cochlear nerve function after surgery of cerebellopontine angle meningiomas. Neurosurgery; 2005 Jul;57(1):77-90; discussion 77-90
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  • The clinical presentation and outcome after surgical resection are different because of the diversity of this tumor entity.
  • We report on a series of 421 patients with CPA meningiomas, with special emphasis on the analysis of the preoperative and postoperative facial and cochlear nerve function in relation to the site of dural attachment and main tumor location in the CPA cistern.
  • Among these patients, 32.9% of the tumors originated at the petrous ridge anterior to the inner auditory canal (IAC) (Group 1), 22.2% showed involvement of the IAC (Group 2), 20.2% were located superior to the IAC (Group 3), 11.8% were inferior to the IAC (Group 4), and 12.9% were posterior to the IAC, originating between the IAC and the sigmoid sinus (Group 5).
  • Patients presented with disturbance of Cranial Nerves V-VIII, the lower cranial nerves, and ataxia, depending on the main tumor location.
  • Tumor resection was performed through a suboccipital-retrosigmoidal approach in the semisitting position in 95% of the patients.
  • Total tumor removal (Simpson Grade 1 and 2) was achieved in 85.9% and subtotal removal in 14.1%.
  • The best initial postoperative facial and auditory nerve function was observed in tumors belonging to Groups 3 and 5.
  • CONCLUSION: Although the outcome of facial and cochlear nerve function is different in CPA meningiomas, depending on the topographic classification of these tumors, preservation of the cochlear nerve is possible in every tumor group and should be attempted in every patient with CPA meningioma.

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  • (PMID = 15987543.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Nakagawa T, Kumamoto Y, Natori Y, Shiratsuchi H, Toh S, Kakazu Y, Shibata S, Nakashima T, Komune S: Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal and middle ear: an operation combined with preoperative chemoradiotherapy and a free surgical margin. Otol Neurotol; 2006 Feb;27(2):242-8; discussion 249
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  • [Title] Squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal and middle ear: an operation combined with preoperative chemoradiotherapy and a free surgical margin.
  • PATIENTS: Twenty-five patients with primary squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal and middle ear.
  • The tumor-free surgical margin is significantly related to patient survival in T3 and T4 lesions.
  • CONCLUSION: The tumor-free surgical margin was important to survival.

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  • (PMID = 16436996.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-7129
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Bas E, Martinez-Soriano F, Láinez JM, Marco J: An experimental comparative study of dexamethasone, melatonin and tacrolimus in noise-induced hearing loss. Acta Otolaryngol; 2009 Apr;129(4):385-9
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  • The efficacy of the compounds against NIHL was determined after examining the shifts in the levels of distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) and changes in the threshold of auditory brainstem responses (ABRs).
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem. Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer / physiology. Male. Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos / metabolism. Rats. Rats, Wistar. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19051071.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-2251
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; JL5DK93RCL / Melatonin; WM0HAQ4WNM / Tacrolimus
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32. Lassaletta L, Granell J, Patrón M, Gavilán J: Smooth muscle choristoma of the internal auditory meatus. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2005 Oct;262(10):834-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Smooth muscle choristoma of the internal auditory meatus.
  • Choristomas of the internal auditory meatus are very uncommon tumors.
  • Surgical exploration usually shows involvement of the vestibular, cochlear or facial nerve by the tumor, representing a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to the surgeon.
  • In this report, a case of a smooth muscle choristoma of the internal auditory meatus is presented.
  • Microscopic examination of the tumor revealed nerve fibers, smooth muscle and a small amount of adipose tissue.

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  • [Cites] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 1996;253(7):440-2 [8891491.001]
  • [Cites] Neurosurgery. 2003 Apr;52(4):944-8; discussion 948-9 [12657191.001]
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  • (PMID = 16187135.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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33. Chen ZY: Cell cycle, differentiation and regeneration: where to begin? Cell Cycle; 2006 Nov;5(22):2609-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Recent studies have identified retinoblastoma gene, a well-known tumor suppressor, as the key gene involved in cell cycle exit of inner ear sensory cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Cycle. Cell Differentiation / physiology. Hair Cells, Auditory / physiology. Regeneration

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  • (PMID = 17106260.001).
  • [ISSN] 1551-4005
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Cycle
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Retinoblastoma Protein
  • [Number-of-references] 34
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34. Ciric I, Zhao JC, Rosenblatt S, Wiet R, O'Shaughnessy B: Suboccipital retrosigmoid approach for removal of vestibular schwannomas: facial nerve function and hearing preservation. Neurosurgery; 2005 Mar;56(3):560-70; discussion 560-70
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  • The surgical technique is described in detail starting with anesthesia, positioning, and neurophysiological monitoring and continuing with the exposure, technical nuances of tumor removal, hemostasis, and closure.
  • [MeSH-minor] Anesthesia, General. Arachnoid / anatomy & histology. Cochlear Nerve / anatomy & histology. Dura Mater / surgery. Electromyography. Endolymphatic Duct / anatomy & histology. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem. Facial Nerve / anatomy & histology. Humans. Mastoid / anatomy & histology. Monitoring, Intraoperative. Neurosurgical Procedures / methods. Prognosis. Semicircular Canals / anatomy & histology

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  • (PMID = 15730582.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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35. Kameswaran M, Vasudevan MC, Kumar RS, Nagasundaram J, Natarajan K, Raghunandhan S: Auditory brainstem implantation: The first Indian experience. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Jan;57(1):58-63
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  • [Title] Auditory brainstem implantation: The first Indian experience.
  • Multichannel auditory brainstem implants (ABI) are currently indicated for patients with neurofibromatosis type II (NF2) involving both vestibulocochlear nerves.
  • The ABI helps bypass the damaged cochlear nerves and restores a level of auditory sensation via the electrical stimulation of the cochlear nucleus.
  • The implant is usually placed in the lateral recess of the fourth ventricle at the time of tumor resection to stimulate the cochlear nucleus.

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  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol Suppl. 2000;(27):11-4 [11211429.001]
  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol Suppl. 2000;(27):23-6 [11211432.001]
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  • [Cites] Otol Neurotol. 2004 Jul;25(4):485-96; discussion 496 [15241227.001]
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  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol Suppl. 2000;(27):8-10 [11211442.001]
  • (PMID = 23120129.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3451539
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; auditory brainsterm unplants / neurofibromatosis
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36. Héran F, Williams M, Ayache D: [MRI of the temporal bone]. J Radiol; 2006 Nov;87(11 Pt 2):1783-94
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  • Tumors and malignant otitis externa are the most common lesions of the external auditory canal.
  • The diagnosis of petrous apex abnormalities is emphasized: cholesterol granuloma, malignant tumor, epidermoid cyst, cholesteatoma, and petrositis.

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  • (PMID = 17124479.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticoagulants; 97C5T2UQ7J / Cholesterol
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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37. Cohen NL: Retrosigmoid approach for acoustic tumor removal. 1992. Neurosurg Clin N Am; 2008 Apr;19(2):239-50, vi
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retrosigmoid approach for acoustic tumor removal. 1992.
  • The retrosigmoid technique has evolved from the traditional suboccipital operation and, when combined with removal of the posterior wall of the internal auditory canal (IAC), affords a wide exposure of the cerebellopontine angle.

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  • (PMID = 18534337.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-1349
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurg. Clin. N. Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Biography; Classical Article; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Personal-name-as-subject] Cohen NL
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38. Ushio M, Iwasaki S, Chihara Y, Kawahara N, Morita A, Saito N, Murofushi T: Is the nerve origin of the vestibular schwannoma correlated with vestibular evoked myogenic potential, caloric test, and auditory brainstem response? Acta Otolaryngol; 2009 Oct;129(10):1095-100
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  • [Title] Is the nerve origin of the vestibular schwannoma correlated with vestibular evoked myogenic potential, caloric test, and auditory brainstem response?
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of the caloric test, vestibular evoked myogenic potential (VEMP), and auditory brainstem response (ABR) in patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) did not show clear correlation with the nerve origin of the tumor but with tumor size.
  • When we focused on patients with VS within the internal acoustic canal (IAC), neither the nerve origin of the tumor nor the tumor size showed clear correlation with the results of these tests.
  • Tumor size was measured with preoperative MRI.
  • RESULTS: The nerve origin of the tumor was identified in 63 of the 109 patients.
  • Mean tumor size in patients showing abnormal responses was larger than that in patients showing normal responses on each test.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Caloric Tests. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem. Humans. Middle Aged. Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials. Vestibular Nerve / pathology. Vestibular Nerve / physiopathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19034733.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-2251
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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39. Kuczkowski J, Kobierska-Gulida G, Izycka-Swieszewska E, Potocka M, Mikaszewski B, Sierszeń W: [Molecular control of bone resorption in chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2010 Jul-Aug;64(4):219-24
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  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed immunohistochemical study of the cholesteatoma tissue collected from 21 patients suffering from chronic otitis media with cholesteatoma and 16 samples of normal external auditory meatal skin.
  • RESULTS: In all patients with cholesteatoma, features of auditory ossicles and temporal bone destruction were demonstrated.
  • In cholestatoma a higher expression of RANKL, OPG and TNF-alpha positive was demonstrated when comparing to the skin of external auditory meatus.
  • The reaction with the antibodies against OPG, RANKL and TNF-alpha was weak in the external auditory meatal skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Resorption / metabolism. Cholesteatoma, Middle Ear / metabolism. Osteoprotegerin / metabolism. Otitis Media / metabolism. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20873097.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Osteoprotegerin; 0 / RANK Ligand; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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40. Durko M, Jankowski A, Durko T, Gajewicz W, Pajor A: [Coexistence of acoustic neuroma and pineal region tumor in patient with sudden deafness]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2008;62(2):204-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Coexistence of acoustic neuroma and pineal region tumor in patient with sudden deafness].
  • INTRODUCTION: Acoustic neuroma usually presents as an unilateral tumor, seldom - bilateral and rarely in coexistence with other central nervous system neoplasms.
  • Audiometry revealed moderate sensorineural hearing loss in left ear (for low and middle frequencies), brainstem auditory evoked potentials were absent on the left side and ENG examination showed left peripheral vestibular impairment.


41. Mann W, Gouveris HT: Diagnosis and therapy of vestibular schwannoma. Expert Rev Neurother; 2009 Aug;9(8):1219-32
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  • MRI findings that convey important information for hearing-preservation VS surgery are: length of tumor-cochlear nerve contact, involvement of the internal auditory canal, incomplete filling of internal auditory canal, tumor size less than 15 mm and the intralabyrinthine signal intensity on 3DFT-CISS gradient-echo images.

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  • (PMID = 19673609.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8360
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of neurotherapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Neurother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 116
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42. Du Q, Wang Z: [Six cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma in external auditory canal]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Feb;20(4):158-9
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  • [Title] [Six cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma in external auditory canal].
  • OBJECTIVE: By investigating the clinical and pathological features of adenoid cystic carcinoma in external auditory canal, we can improve our ability of diagnosis and treatment.
  • METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed on 6 patients with adenoid cystic carcinoma in external auditory canal, including clinical manifestations, the therapy as well as the follow-up results.
  • CONCLUSION: Adenoid cystic carcinoma in external auditory canal grows slowly, so patients can live with the tumor for a long time.

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  • (PMID = 16711439.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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43. Ashtari M, Perrine K, Elbaz R, Syed U, Thaden E, McIlree C, Dolgoff-Kaspar R, Clarke T, Diamond A, Ettinger A: Mapping the functional anatomy of sentence comprehension and application to presurgical evaluation of patients with brain tumor. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol; 2005 Jun-Jul;26(6):1461-8
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  • [Title] Mapping the functional anatomy of sentence comprehension and application to presurgical evaluation of patients with brain tumor.
  • Our results suggest that this task elucidates areas important to reading comprehension in the posterior and inferior temporal regions that verbal fluency and auditory discrimination tasks do not.

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  • (PMID = 15956516.001).
  • [ISSN] 0195-6108
  • [Journal-full-title] AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / MH-60374-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Ersu B, Tulunoglu I, Cengiz M: Periauricular mold brachytherapy. Brachytherapy; 2010 Jul-Sep;9(3):239-42
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  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: The patient was admitted to the hospital with the complaint of recurrent BCCA of the auditory canal.
  • We decided to continue with reirradiation to tumor bed after surgical excision.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010 American Brachytherapy Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19853538.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-1449
  • [Journal-full-title] Brachytherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brachytherapy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 8024-51-9 / Inlay Casting Wax
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45. Samii M, Nakamura M, Mirzai S, Vorkapic P, Cervio A: Cavernous angiomas within the internal auditory canal. J Neurosurg; 2006 Oct;105(4):581-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cavernous angiomas within the internal auditory canal.
  • OBJECT: The aim of this study was to describe the symptomatology, radiological features, and surgical treatment of patients with cavernous angiomas within the internal auditory canal (IAC).
  • Four patients also reported facial symptoms such as hemispasm or progressive palsy; one of these patients had presented with sudden facial paresis due to intrameatal tumor hemorrhage.
  • The cochlear nerve could not be functionally preserved because of its extreme adherence to the tumor, although its continuity was preserved in four patients.

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  • (PMID = 17044562.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 47
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46. Grayeli AB, Kalamarides M, Bouccara D, Ambert-Dahan E, Sterkers O: Auditory brainstem implant in neurofibromatosis type 2 and non-neurofibromatosis type 2 patients. Otol Neurotol; 2008 Dec;29(8):1140-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Auditory brainstem implant in neurofibromatosis type 2 and non-neurofibromatosis type 2 patients.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the auditory brainstem implant (ABI) performances in neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) and non-NF2 patients.
  • INTERVENTION: Auditory brainstem implant was placed through a translabyrinthine or a retrosigmoid approach.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Auditory brainstem implant was evaluated by open-set words and sentences in sound, vision, and sound-plus-vision modes.
  • CONCLUSION: A clear benefit of ABI could be evidenced in NF2 patients, especially in case of small tumor and short duration of hearing loss.
  • Auditory brainstem implant may also be indicated in patients with bilateral profound hearing loss and a predictable failure of cochlear implantation.
  • [MeSH-major] Auditory Brain Stem Implantation / methods. Hearing Aids. Neurofibromatosis 2 / surgery. Prosthesis Implantation / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cochlea / pathology. Cohort Studies. Ear, Inner / abnormalities. Electric Stimulation. Evoked Potentials, Auditory / physiology. Humans. Meningitis / complications. Middle Aged. Neuroma, Acoustic / surgery. Ossification, Heterotopic / etiology. Otosclerosis / complications. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18849886.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-4505
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Goutagny S, Bouccara D, Bozorg-Grayeli A, Sterkers O, Kalamarides M: [Neurofibromatosis type 2]. Rev Neurol (Paris); 2007 Sep;163(8-9):765-77
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • NF2 tumor suppressor gene encodes Merlin/Schwannomin, and is also involved in most sporadic schwannomas and meningiomas.
  • Auditory brainstem implant must be taken into account in hearing rehabilitation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Ependymoma / epidemiology. Ependymoma / genetics. Ependymoma / pathology. Female. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neurilemmoma / genetics. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 17878803.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-3787
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue neurologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Neurol. (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 65
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48. Albinger-Hegyi A, Hegyi I, Nagy I, Bodmer M, Schmid S, Bodmer D: Alteration of activator protein 1 DNA binding activity in gentamicin-induced hair cell degeneration. Neuroscience; 2006 Feb;137(3):971-80
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  • Sensorineural hearing loss is often associated with damage of cochlear hair cells and/or of the neurons of the auditory pathway.
  • Jun N-terminal kinases, members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family, are strongly activated in cell culture conditions by stress inducing stimuli, including ultraviolet light, heat shock and tumor necrosis factor; therefore they are also referred to as stress-activated protein kinases.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA / metabolism. Gentamicins / toxicity. Hair Cells, Auditory / pathology. Nerve Degeneration / pathology. Protein Synthesis Inhibitors / toxicity. Transcription Factor AP-1 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16338090.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-4522
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroscience
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Gentamicins; 0 / Protein Synthesis Inhibitors; 0 / Transcription Factor AP-1; 9007-49-2 / DNA; EC 2.7.12.2 / MAP Kinase Kinase 4
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49. Utsuki S, Oka H, Miyajima Y, Shimizu S, Suzuki S, Fujii K: Auditory alert system for fluorescence-guided resection of gliomas. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo); 2008 Feb;48(2):95-7; discussion 97-8
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  • [Title] Auditory alert system for fluorescence-guided resection of gliomas.
  • Protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) fluorescence-guided brain tumor resection using 5-aminolevulinic acid labeling is one of the most valuable tools available to determine the extent of glioma infiltration, but requires repeated spectroscopic evaluation of the tissue.
  • The present method informs the surgeon of residual tumor in real time using spectrum analysis of PPIX fluorescence and an audible alert system.
  • The target region was illuminated with a laser with a peak wavelength of 405 +/- 1 nm in addition to the usual microscope halogen lamp during tumor resection.
  • The surgeon can detect tumor infiltration far more objectively and with less effort using this system during tumor resection.

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  • (PMID = 18296881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0470-8105
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurologia medico-chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protoporphyrins; 553-12-8 / protoporphyrin IX
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50. Fiscina F, Gouveris H, Mann W: Influence of nerve branch of origin and extracanalicular extension of the tumor on hearing after middle fossa removal of vestibular schwannoma. Acta Otolaryngol; 2007 Oct;127(10):1058-61
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  • [Title] Influence of nerve branch of origin and extracanalicular extension of the tumor on hearing after middle fossa removal of vestibular schwannoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To test whether the nerve branch of tumor origin and an extracanalicular, up to 1 cm, tumor extension influences hearing outcome after MCF VS surgery.
  • Twenty patients had a superior vestibular nerve (SVN) tumor and 27 patients had an inferior vestibular nerve (IVN) tumor.
  • Thirty-four patients had a purely intracanalicular (IC) tumor and 16 patients had an extracanalicular extension in the cerebello-pontine angle.
  • RESULTS: Neither vestibular nerve branch of origin nor extracanalicular tumor extension (up to 1 cm) caused any significant difference in the degree of postoperative hearing change at any of the tested PTA frequencies.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Auditory Threshold / physiology. Bone Conduction / physiology. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17851965.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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51. Gerosa M, Mesiano N, Longhi M, De Simone A, Foroni R, Verlicchi A, Zanotti B, Nicolato A: Gamma Knife surgery in vestibular schwannomas: impact on the anterior and posterior labyrinth. J Neurosurg; 2010 Dec;113 Suppl:128-35
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  • OBJECT: During the past decades, in small-to-medium size vestibular schwannomas, Gamma Knife surgery (GKS) has become a reliable therapeutic option because of either excellent local tumor control or minimal morbidity, with cranial neuropathy becoming increasingly rare.
  • METHODS: A small group of patients with vestibular schwannomas (74 patients, including 41 men and 33 women) treated between 2003 and 2009 using GKS at the authors' institution were analyzed--both before and after GKS--with computerized static stabilometry and electronystagmography for balance disorders, vertigo, and ataxia on 1 side and pure tone average, vocal speech discrimination score, auditory brainstem response, and so forth for hearing impairment and tinnitus on the other side.
  • RESULTS: To date, tumor growth control rates remain satisfactory; at a mean follow-up of 50 months, the rate was 96%.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Using appropriate radiodosimetry planning, GKS seems to guarantee not only adequate tumor growth control rates, but also better levels of hearing preservation, with a documented, long-lasting improvement in vestibular functions.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Audiometry. Auditory Threshold. Electronystagmography. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hearing Disorders / etiology. Hearing Disorders / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Radiotherapy Dosage. Treatment Outcome. Vestibular Diseases / etiology. Vestibular Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21121794.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Dinh C, Hoang K, Haake S, Chen S, Angeli S, Nong E, Eshraghi AA, Balkany TJ, Van De Water TR: Biopolymer-released dexamethasone prevents tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced loss of auditory hair cells in vitro: implications toward the development of a drug-eluting cochlear implant electrode array. Otol Neurotol; 2008 Oct;29(7):1012-9
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  • [Title] Biopolymer-released dexamethasone prevents tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced loss of auditory hair cells in vitro: implications toward the development of a drug-eluting cochlear implant electrode array.
  • HYPOTHESIS: Polymer-eluted dexamethasone (DXM) will retain its ability to protect against tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha)-induced hair cell (HC) loss.
  • [MeSH-major] Cochlear Implants. Delayed-Action Preparations / pharmacology. Dexamethasone / pharmacology. Hair Cells, Auditory / physiology. Hearing Loss / prevention & control. Organ of Corti / drug effects. Prosthesis Design. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 18818545.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-4505
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biopolymers; 0 / Delayed-Action Preparations; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone
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53. Hajas A, Szodoray P, Barath S, Sipka S, Rezes S, Zeher M, Sziklai I, Szegedi G, Bodolay E: Sensorineural hearing loss in patients with mixed connective tissue disease: immunological markers and cytokine levels. J Rheumatol; 2009 Sep;36(9):1930-6
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  • Serum levels of interferon-gamma and tumor necrosis factor-alpha were increased in MCTD patients with SNHL compared to patients without SNHL.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic / blood. Antibodies, Anticardiolipin / blood. Auditory Pathways / physiopathology. Autoantibodies / blood. Biomarkers / blood. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Incidence. Interferon-gamma / blood. Male. Middle Aged. Ribonucleoprotein, U1 Small Nuclear / immunology. T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / pathology. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / blood

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  • (PMID = 19684145.001).
  • [ISSN] 0315-162X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of rheumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Rheumatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Anti-Idiotypic; 0 / Antibodies, Anticardiolipin; 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Ribonucleoprotein, U1 Small Nuclear; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 0 / anti-endothelial cell antibody; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
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54. Bacciu A, Piazza P, Di Lella F, Sanna M: Intracanalicular meningioma: clinical features, radiologic findings, and surgical management. Otol Neurotol; 2007 Apr;28(3):391-9
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  • The aim of this study is to describe the clinical, radiologic, and histopathologic features of 13 intracanalicular meningiomas highlighting important aspects of tumor diagnosis and treatment.
  • RESULTS: Total tumor removal was achieved in all cases.
  • CONCLUSION: Primary meningiomas of the internal auditory canal are extremely rare.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17287658.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-7129
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Colletti V, Shannon R, Carner M, Veronese S, Colletti L: Outcomes in nontumor adults fitted with the auditory brainstem implant: 10 years' experience. Otol Neurotol; 2009 Aug;30(5):614-8
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  • [Title] Outcomes in nontumor adults fitted with the auditory brainstem implant: 10 years' experience.
  • These outcomes require that we reevaluate the criteria for patient selection and the rationale for expanding the application for the auditory brainstem implant (ABI) to NT adult patients with profound hearing loss.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our Department, from April 1997 to September 2007, ABIs have been implanted in 112 patients (83 adults and 29 children) with tumor (T) and NT disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Auditory Brain Stem Implantation. Hearing Loss / surgery


56. Yokoyama S, Takeda K, Shibahara S: Functional difference of the SOX10 mutant proteins responsible for the phenotypic variability in auditory-pigmentary disorders. J Biochem; 2006 Oct;140(4):491-9
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  • [Title] Functional difference of the SOX10 mutant proteins responsible for the phenotypic variability in auditory-pigmentary disorders.
  • Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is an inherited disorder, characterized by auditory-pigmentary abnormalities.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Line, Tumor. Coloboma / genetics. Deafness / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation. Humans. Hypopigmentation / genetics. Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor / genetics. Mutation. Promoter Regions, Genetic. Receptor, Endothelin B / genetics. SOXE Transcription Factors. Sp1 Transcription Factor / genetics. Sp1 Transcription Factor / metabolism. Syndrome. Transcriptional Activation. Waardenburg Syndrome / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16921166.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-924X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of biochemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Biochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / High Mobility Group Proteins; 0 / MITF protein, human; 0 / Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor; 0 / Receptor, Endothelin B; 0 / SOX10 protein, human; 0 / SOXE Transcription Factors; 0 / Sp1 Transcription Factor; 0 / Transcription Factors
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57. Jacob A, Robinson LL Jr, Bortman JS, Yu L, Dodson EE, Welling DB: Nerve of origin, tumor size, hearing preservation, and facial nerve outcomes in 359 vestibular schwannoma resections at a tertiary care academic center. Laryngoscope; 2007 Dec;117(12):2087-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Nerve of origin, tumor size, hearing preservation, and facial nerve outcomes in 359 vestibular schwannoma resections at a tertiary care academic center.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine nerve of origin, tumor size, hearing preservation rates, and facial nerve outcomes in a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing translabyrinthine (TL), middle cranial fossa (MCF), and retrosigmoid/suboccipital (SO) approaches to vestibular schwannomas (VS).
  • Looking at tumor size versus hearing preservation, functional hearing was preserved in 22 of 49 patients (45%) with <1-cm tumors, and 4 of 20 patients (20%) with 1- to 1.5-cm tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Academic Medical Centers. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Auditory Threshold / physiology. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / diagnosis. Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / etiology. Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / prevention & control. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17921903.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-852X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Pepper JP, McKeever P, Gebarski S, Spector M, Thompson BG, Arts HA: Angioleiomyoma of the internal auditory canal: clinical and radiographic features. Otol Neurotol; 2010 Dec;31(9):1451-4
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  • [Title] Angioleiomyoma of the internal auditory canal: clinical and radiographic features.
  • OBJECTIVE: Discussion of a rare case of angioleiomyoma of the internal auditory canal.
  • CONCLUSION: Angioleiomyoma is a rare lesion of the internal auditory canal that has many similar clinical and radiographic features of a vestibular schwannoma.
  • There are no previous reports of this tumor occurring within the internal auditory canal in this age group.

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  • (PMID = 20838354.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-4505
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 0 / Antiviral Agents; HG18B9YRS7 / Valine; MZ1IW7Q79D / valacyclovir; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; X4HES1O11F / Acyclovir
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59. Ozluoglu LN, Yilmaz I, Cagici CA, Bal N, Erdogan B: Ganglioneuroma of the internal auditory canal: a case report. Audiol Neurootol; 2007;12(3):160-4
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  • [Title] Ganglioneuroma of the internal auditory canal: a case report.
  • Ganglioneuroma is a rare, benign, slow-growing tumor thought to develop from cells of neural crest origin, even though hypotheses on the pathogenesis of that lesion differ.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass (3 x 4 mm) in the internal auditory canal (IAC).
  • The encapsulated tumor was entirely excised via the middle fossa approach.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 17259702.001).
  • [ISSN] 1421-9700
  • [Journal-full-title] Audiology & neuro-otology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Audiol. Neurootol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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60. Timmer FC, Hanssens PE, van Haren AE, Mulder JJ, Cremers CW, Beynon AJ, van Overbeeke JJ, Graamans K: Gamma knife radiosurgery for vestibular schwannomas: results of hearing preservation in relation to the cochlear radiation dose. Laryngoscope; 2009 Jun;119(6):1076-81
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  • Mean tumor size was 17 mm.
  • Mean marginal dose at the tumor was 11.0 Gy (range, 9.3 Gy-12.3 Gy), mean maximal dose was 19.7 Gy (range, 16 Gy-25.5 Gy).
  • [MeSH-major] Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Auditory Threshold / physiology. Cochlea / surgery. Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / physiopathology. Neuroma, Acoustic / surgery. Postoperative Complications / physiopathology. Radiosurgery / methods

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  • (PMID = 19399836.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Franzin A, Spatola G, Serra C, Picozzi P, Medone M, Milani D, Castellazzi P, Mortini P: Evaluation of hearing function after Gamma Knife surgery of vestibular schwannomas. Neurosurg Focus; 2009 Dec;27(6):E3
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  • The median tumor volume was 0.73 ml (range 0.03-6.6 ml), and the median radiation dose to the tumor margin was 13 Gy (range 12-16 Gy) with an isodose of 50%.
  • RESULTS: Patient age, tumor volume, and presenting symptoms were found to correlate with hearing function.
  • At a median of 36 months after radiosurgery, tumor growth control was 96% and no patient required any other additional treatment.
  • Patients with GR Class I, age younger than 54 years, with presenting symptoms other than hearing loss, and a Koos Stage T1 tumor have better prognosis.
  • The prescribed dose of 13 Gy appears to represent an excellent compromise between controlling the disease and preserving auditory function.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Audiometry, Pure-Tone / statistics & numerical data. Auditory Threshold / physiology. Auditory Threshold / radiation effects. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hearing Tests / statistics & numerical data. Humans. Longitudinal Studies. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Burden

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  • (PMID = 19951056.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgical focus
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurg Focus
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Morrison D: Management of patients with acoustic neuromas: a Markov decision analysis. Laryngoscope; 2010 Apr;120(4):783-90
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  • RESULTS: The benefit of a period of observation followed by radiosurgery, if needed, for significant tumor growth is greater then all other strategies for all age groups and both sexes.
  • CONCLUSIONS: For patients of all ages, a period of observation during which tumor growth and hearing thresholds are closely monitored is the superior strategy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Auditory Threshold. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Quality of Life. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20213657.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Mazurek B, Haupt H, Joachim R, Klapp BF, Stöver T, Szczepek AJ: Stress induces transient auditory hypersensitivity in rats. Hear Res; 2010 Jan;259(1-2):55-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Stress induces transient auditory hypersensitivity in rats.
  • Here, we examined the effect of above stress model on the auditory system of Wistar rats.
  • We found that 24-h stress decreases the thresholds and increases the amplitudes of auditory brainstem responses and distortion product otoacoustic emissions.
  • Resultant auditory hypersensitivity was transient and most pronounced between 3 and 6h post-stress, returning to control levels one week later.
  • The concentration of corticosterone and tumor necrosis factor alpha was systemically elevated in stressed animals between 3 and 6h post-stress, confirming the activation of the HPA axis.
  • In addition, expression of the HPA-axis-associated genes: glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and hypoxia-inducible factor 1 alpha (Hif1a) was modulated in the auditory tissues.
  • We conclude that 24-h stress induces transient hypersensitivity of the auditory system and modulates gene expression in a tissue-specific manner.
  • Stress-induced auditory hypersensitivity could have evolutionary consequence by giving animals an advantage of hearing better under stress conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Auditory Threshold / physiology. Stress, Physiological / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Base Sequence. Biological Evolution. Corticosterone / blood. Cytokines / blood. DNA Primers / genetics. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / physiology. Female. Gene Expression. Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer / physiology. Hypothalamo-Hypophyseal System / physiology. Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit / genetics. Inferior Colliculi / physiology. Organ of Corti / physiology. Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous / physiology. Pituitary-Adrenal System / physiology. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Rats. Rats, Wistar. Receptors, Glucocorticoid / genetics. Time Factors

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19840840.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-5891
  • [Journal-full-title] Hearing research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hear. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Hif1a protein, rat; 0 / Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Glucocorticoid; W980KJ009P / Corticosterone
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64. Kojima H, Sakurai Y, Rikitake M, Tanaka Y, Kawano A, Moriyama H: Cochlear implantation in patients with chronic otitis media. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2010 Aug;37(4):415-21
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  • The electrodes were inserted by an approach via the external auditory canal in patients with poor growth of the mastoid antrum or adhesion of the tympanum.
  • For the patients with an open cavity, we created a posterior wall for the external auditory canal and perform the mastoid obliteration.
  • Modified Rambo's technique with blind sac closure of the external auditory canal was performed for the case of eosinophilic otitis media as a single-stage procedure.
  • However, a post-operative infection developed in one patient who had previously undergone radiation therapy following surgical excision of a cerebellar tumor.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20189327.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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65. Schubert MC, Migliaccio AA, Clendaniel RA, Allak A, Carey JP: Mechanism of dynamic visual acuity recovery with vestibular rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil; 2008 Mar;89(3):500-7
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  • Patients had vestibular hypofunction (mean duration, 177+/-188 d) identified by clinical (positive head thrust test, abnormal DVA), physiologic (reduced angular vestibulo-ocular reflex [aVOR] gain during passive head thrust testing), and imaging examinations (absence of tumor in the internal auditory canals or cerebellopontine angle).

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  • (PMID = 18295629.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-821X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Phys Med Rehabil
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC007926-04; United States / PHS HHS / / K23-007926; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC005040; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R03-DC007346; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01-DC005040; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R03 DC007346; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / K23 DC007926-04
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS236314; NLM/ PMC2951478
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66. Aminpour S, Tinling SP, Brodie HA: Role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in sensorineural hearing loss after bacterial meningitis. Otol Neurotol; 2005 Jul;26(4):602-9
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  • [Title] Role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha in sensorineural hearing loss after bacterial meningitis.
  • HYPOTHESIS: Blockade of tumor necrosis factor-alpha with tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody will reduce the extent of cochlear injury and hearing loss associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis.
  • Auditory brainstem response testing was conducted to measure hearing thresholds.
  • Group 2 was then given a single intraperitoneal injection of tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody, whereas Group 1 received phosphate-buffered saline.
  • Uninfected animals in Groups 3 and 4 were implanted with osmotic pumps that delivered a continuous 8-day intrathecal flow of either tumor necrosis factor-alpha (Group 4) or phosphate-buffered saline (Group 3).
  • After 6 weeks, auditory brainstem response testing was repeated.
  • RESULTS: Group 2 animals with Streptococcus pneumoniae meningitis that also received tumor necrosis factor-alpha antibody developed significantly less hearing loss than Group 1 animals with meningitis alone.
  • Conversely, tumor necrosis factor-alpha induced meningitis animals (Group 3) showed increased hearing loss compared with phosphate-buffered saline controls (Group 4), with p < 0.0001 at all frequencies.
  • CONCLUSION: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha plays an important role in cochlear injury after bacterial meningitis.
  • Blockade of tumor necrosis factor-alpha reduces postmeningitic hearing loss and cochlear injury.
  • Induction of meningitis with intrathecal tumor necrosis factor-alpha also resulted in hearing loss and cochlear injury similar to bacterial meningitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / etiology. Meningitis, Pneumococcal / complications. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antibodies / pharmacology. Audiometry. Auditory Threshold. Cochlea / drug effects. Cochlea / pathology. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem. Gerbillinae. Infusion Pumps. Meningitis / chemically induced. Meningitis / complications

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  • (PMID = 16015154.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-7129
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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67. Fujioka M, Kanzaki S, Okano HJ, Masuda M, Ogawa K, Okano H: Proinflammatory cytokines expression in noise-induced damaged cochlea. J Neurosci Res; 2006 Mar;83(4):575-83
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  • Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was also slightly upregulated immediately after noise exposure.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Blotting, Western. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / physiology. Immunohistochemistry. Interleukin-1 / biosynthesis. Interleukin-6 / biosynthesis. Male. Rats. Rats, Sprague-Dawley. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / biosynthesis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16429448.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-4012
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuroscience research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosci. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Interleukin-1; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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68. Strauss C, Prell J, Rampp S, Romstöck J: Split facial nerve course in vestibular schwannomas. J Neurosurg; 2006 Nov;105(5):698-705
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  • OBJECT: The facial nerve in vestibular schwannomas (VSs) is located on the ventral tumor surface in more than 90% of cases; other courses are rare.
  • The mean tumor size measured 27 mm.
  • In one third of the cases, intrameatal tumor extension with obliteration of the fundus was documented.
  • The major portion of the facial nerve followed a typical course on the ventral tumor surface.
  • The smaller nerve portion in all cases ran parallel to the brainstem up to the level of the trigeminal root exit zone and crossed on the cranial tumor pole to the internal auditory canal.

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  • (PMID = 17121130.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Xiao H, Au DK, Hui Y, Chow CK, Fan YW, Wei WI: [Auditory brainstem implantation in patient with bilateral acoustic neuromas]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Nov;19(22):1017-9
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  • [Title] [Auditory brainstem implantation in patient with bilateral acoustic neuromas].
  • OBJECTIVE: To restore auditory sensation for patient suffering loss of hearing due to bilateral acoustic neuromas.
  • METHOD: One patient of bilateral acoustic neuromas received auditory brainstem implant (ABI) at the same surgery for resection of the second tumor.
  • The retrosigmoid approach was used for resection of the tumor and to exposure the lateral recess of the fourth ventricle for placement of ABI electrode array.
  • Intraoperative 7th and 9th nerves monitoring and electrically evoked auditory brainstem responses (EABR) were recorded to localize the placement of ABI electrode array.
  • Auditory sensation was perceived on stimulation of all channels.
  • CONCLUSION: The multichannel ABI could effectively restore auditory sensation for patient deafened by bilateral acoustic neuromas.
  • [MeSH-major] Auditory Brain Stem Implantation. Deafness / rehabilitation. Neurofibromatosis 2 / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Auditory Brain Stem Implants. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16463763.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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70. Balbani AP, Montovani JC: Mobile phones: influence on auditory and vestibular systems. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol; 2008 Jan-Feb;74(1):125-31
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  • [Title] Mobile phones: influence on auditory and vestibular systems.
  • METHODS: We reviewed papers on the influence of mobile phones on auditory and vestibular systems from Lilacs and Medline databases, published from 2000 to 2005, and also materials available in the Internet.
  • Some authors did not see evidences of a higher risk of tumor development in mobile phone users, while others report that usage of analog cellular phones for ten or more years increase the risk of developing the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Auditory Perceptual Disorders / etiology. Cell Phones. Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects. Neuroma, Acoustic / etiology. Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous / radiation effects. Vestibule, Labyrinth / radiation effects

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  • [ErratumIn] Rev Bras Otorrinolaringol (Engl Ed). 2008 Mar-Apr;74(2):319
  • (PMID = 18392513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1808-8694
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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71. Tringali S, Ferber-Viart C, Fuchsmann C, Buiret G, Zaouche S, Dubreuil C: Hearing preservation in retrosigmoid approach of small vestibular schwannomas: prognostic value of the degree of internal auditory canal filling. Otol Neurotol; 2010 Dec;31(9):1469-72
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  • [Title] Hearing preservation in retrosigmoid approach of small vestibular schwannomas: prognostic value of the degree of internal auditory canal filling.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the contribution of preoperative radiologic appearance of vestibular schwannoma (VS) on the magnetic resonance imaging in constructive interference in steady-state sequences and demonstrate if the degree of the internal auditory canal (IAC) filling is correlated with hearing and facial preservation.
  • In case of patient with small tumor and IAC empty or filled less than 75% and with free fundus, surgery is the treatment of choice for patients with serviceable hearing and the desire to retain it.

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  • (PMID = 21113987.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-4505
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Jayashankar N, Morwani KP, Sankhla SK, Agrawal R: The enlarged translabyrinthine and transapical extension type I approach for large vestibular schwannomas. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2010 Oct;62(4):360-4
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  • 35 patients of vestibular schwannomas having size greater than 3 cm in extrameatal diameter with extension anterior to the internal auditory canal who underwent the enlarged translabyrinthine or transapical extension type I approach and with a minimum follow up of 1 year are considered.
  • Tumor was removed completely in 34 subjects (97.1%).
  • Complete tumor removal with a very low morbidity in our series suggest that the enlarged translabyrinthine and transapical extension type I approach offers excellent control of the neurovascular structures in the cerebellopontine angle as also of the large vestibular schwannoma itself aiding complete removal.

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  • (PMID = 22319693.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-7707
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3266084
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acoustic neuroma / Facial nerve / Translabyrinthine approach / Vestibular schwannoma
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73. Bermingham-McDonogh O, Oesterle EC, Stone JS, Hume CR, Huynh HM, Hayashi T: Expression of Prox1 during mouse cochlear development. J Comp Neurol; 2006 May 10;496(2):172-86
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  • We carried out an analysis of the expression of Prox1, a homeo-domain transcription factor, during mouse inner ear development with particular emphasis on the auditory system.
  • In the auditory sensory epithelium, Prox1 is initially expressed at embryonic day 14.5 in a narrow stripe of cells at the base of the cochlea.

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  • [Copyright] J. Comp. Neurol. 496:172-186, 2006. (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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  • (PMID = 16538679.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9967
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of comparative neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Comp. Neurol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / P30 DC004661; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / K08 DC006437; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R55 DC003696; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC003696; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC003944; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC006437; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / P30 HD002274; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC005953-03; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R29 DC003696; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC003944; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC003696; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC005953-03; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC005953; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC005953
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Atoh1 protein, mouse; 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / S100A1 protein; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / p27 antigen; 0 / prospero-related homeobox 1 protein; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins; EC 3.6.1.- / Ventricular Myosins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS70038; NLM/ PMC2572724
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74. Scheffer D, Sage C, Corey DP, Pingault V: Gene expression profiling identifies Hes6 as a transcriptional target of ATOH1 in cochlear hair cells. FEBS Lett; 2007 Oct 2;581(24):4651-6
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  • [Title] Gene expression profiling identifies Hes6 as a transcriptional target of ATOH1 in cochlear hair cells.
  • ATOH1 is a basic Helix-Loop-Helix transcription factor crucial for hair cell (HC) differentiation in the inner ear.
  • In order to identify ATOH1 target genes, we performed a genome-wide expression profiling analysis in cells expressing ATOH1 under the control of a tetracycline-off system and found that HES6 expression is induced by ATOH1.
  • We performed in situ hybridisation and showed that the rise and fall of Hes6 expression closely follow that of Atoh1 in cochlear HC.
  • Moreover, electrophoretic mobility shift assays and luciferase assays show that ATOH1 activates HES6 transcription through binding to three clustered E boxes of its promoter.


75. Petscavage JM, Fink JR, Chew FS: Cerebellopontine angle meningioma presenting with hearing loss. Radiol Case Rep; 2010;5(2):434
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  • The lesion was nearly 4 cm in maximum dimension and extended into the internal auditory canal.
  • Hearing loss resulting from cerebellopontine angle tumor is most commonly caused by vestibular schwannomas, which arise directly from the sheath of the vestibular nerve (VIII) in the internal auditory canal.

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  • (PMID = 27307863.001).
  • [ISSN] 1930-0433
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiol Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4898224
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CT, computed tomography / MRI, magnetic resonance imaging / cerebellopontine angle, (CPA) / internal auditory canal, (IAC) / vestibular schwannoma, (VS)
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76. Karthikeyan P, Paulraj P: An unusual benign tumor of pinna - A case report. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2010 Jun;62(2):195-7
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  • [Title] An unusual benign tumor of pinna - A case report.
  • Examination revealed an irregular mass arising from lateral surface of the pinna obscuring the external auditory canal.
  • This case is being reported as it is a rare skin adnexal tumor arising from an unusual site.

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  • (PMID = 23120714.001).
  • [ISSN] 2231-3796
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of otolaryngology and head and neck surgery : official publication of the Association of Otolaryngologists of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3450310
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Hamartoma / Skin adnexal tumor / Tricho folliculoma
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77. Bagherpour R, Mirfazaelian A, Mangoli AA, Alikhasi M: Prosthetic rehabilitation of intentionally malpositioned implants in a patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal: a clinical report. Implant Dent; 2009 Aug;18(4):291-6
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  • [Title] Prosthetic rehabilitation of intentionally malpositioned implants in a patient with squamous cell carcinoma of the external auditory canal: a clinical report.
  • This clinical report describes the rehabilitation of a patient with a compromised temporal bone anatomy caused by resection of bone due to squamous cell carcinoma of external auditory canal.
  • Tumor resection was followed by placement of three implants.

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  • (PMID = 19667816.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-2982
  • [Journal-full-title] Implant dentistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Implant Dent
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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78. Tanigawa T, Inafuku S, Nakayama M: Five cases of chondroma involving the external auditory canal. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2008 Dec;35(4):559-61
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  • [Title] Five cases of chondroma involving the external auditory canal.
  • A cartilaginous tumor located in the external auditory canal is a rare finding.
  • Only 48 cases of chondromas of the external auditory canal have been documented in the literature.
  • We have encountered five cases of external auditory canal chondroma.
  • Otoscopic examination demonstrated a tiny firm tumor protruding from the anterior wall of the bony external auditory canal.
  • Surgery was performed all cases, and the tumor proved to be a chondroma histologically.
  • From our experiences, it is important to recognize that chondromas are in the differential of small exophytic tumors on the anterior or superior wall of the external auditory canal and can be removed safely and effectively through the transcanal approach.

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  • (PMID = 18242908.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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79. Vincenti V, Pasanisi E, Guida M, Di Trapani G, Sanna M: Hearing rehabilitation in neurofibromatosis type 2 patients: cochlear versus auditory brainstem implantation. Audiol Neurootol; 2008;13(4):273-80
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  • [Title] Hearing rehabilitation in neurofibromatosis type 2 patients: cochlear versus auditory brainstem implantation.
  • OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate and compare the auditory performance of neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) patients with bilateral total deafness fitted with cochlear or auditory brainstem implants.
  • Nine patients suffering from NF2 who underwent hearing rehabilitation by means of cochlear (4 patients) or auditory brainstem (5 patients) implantation participated in the study.
  • Postoperative auditory performance was assessed using closed- and open-set tests.
  • Among the 5 patients who underwent auditory brainstem implantation, 1 reached good open-set speech recognition skills, scoring 70% in the common phrases comprehension test, and she was able to communicate on the telephone.
  • In this small cohort, cochlear implant patients performed better than auditory brainstem implant patients, even if variability in auditory performance was observed with both devices.
  • More studies are needed in order to clarify the role and reliability of electrophysiological tests in predicting the residual functionality of the cochlear nerve after tumor removal.
  • [MeSH-major] Auditory Brain Stem Implants. Cochlear Implantation / methods. Deafness / rehabilitation. Neurofibromatosis 2 / rehabilitation. Neuroma, Acoustic / rehabilitation. Speech Reception Threshold Test


80. Miller RS, Pensak ML: An anatomic and radiologic evaluation of access to the lateral internal auditory canal via the retrosigmoid approach and description of an internal labyrinthectomy. Otol Neurotol; 2006 Aug;27(5):697-704
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  • [Title] An anatomic and radiologic evaluation of access to the lateral internal auditory canal via the retrosigmoid approach and description of an internal labyrinthectomy.
  • OBJECTIVE: The retrosigmoid approach to the posterior petrous bone may be used as a hearing preservation operation for extirpation of posterior fossa and internal auditory canal (IAC) lesions.
  • However, it is usually not possible to remove tumor from the most lateral portions of the IAC even after removing the retrolabyrinthine bone down to the posterior semicircular canal.
  • [MeSH-minor] Cadaver. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem. Female. Humans. Male. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16868518.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-7129
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. Markou K, Karasmanis I, Vlachtsis K, Petridis D, Nikolaou A, Vital V: Primary pleomorphic adenoma of the external ear canal. Report of a case and literature review. Am J Otolaryngol; 2008 Mar-Apr;29(2):142-6
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  • Ceruminal glands are modified sweat glands of the skin of the external auditory meatus that may give rise to (a) benign tumors such as ceruminous adenoma, pleomorphic adenoma, and syringocystadenoma papilliferum, and (b) malignant tumors such as ceruminous adenocarcinoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
  • In this report, we describe an unusual case of pleomorphic adenoma of the external auditory canal associated with chronic infection of the middle ear.
  • The patient underwent modified radical mastoidectomy and complete resection of the tumor and the entire skin of the external auditory canal.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pleomorphic adenoma is an extremely rare tumor arising from the ceruminal glands of the external ear canal.

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  • (PMID = 18314029.001).
  • [ISSN] 0196-0709
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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82. So H, Kim H, Lee JH, Park C, Kim Y, Kim E, Kim JK, Yun KJ, Lee KM, Lee HY, Moon SK, Lim DJ, Park R: Cisplatin cytotoxicity of auditory cells requires secretions of proinflammatory cytokines via activation of ERK and NF-kappaB. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol; 2007 Sep;8(3):338-55
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  • [Title] Cisplatin cytotoxicity of auditory cells requires secretions of proinflammatory cytokines via activation of ERK and NF-kappaB.
  • Both neutralization of proinflammatory cytokines and pharmacologic inhibition of ERK significantly attenuated the death of HEI-OC1 auditory cells caused by cisplatin and proinflammatory cytokines.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antioxidants / pharmacology. Cell Line. Female. Guinea Pigs. Interleukin-1beta / metabolism. Interleukin-6 / metabolism. MAP Kinase Kinase 1 / metabolism. Rats. Rats, Sprague-Dawley. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17516123.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-3961
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology : JARO
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Assoc. Res. Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC005025
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Interleukin-1beta; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; EC 2.7.11.24 / Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases; EC 2.7.12.2 / MAP Kinase Kinase 1; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2538433
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83. Hori T, Okada Y, Maruyama T, Chernov M, Attia W: Endoscope-controlled removal of intrameatal vestibular schwannomas. Minim Invasive Neurosurg; 2006 Feb;49(1):25-9
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  • A bayonet-style rigid endoscope with 70 degrees angle of view and 4 mm outer diameter was found to be optimal for observation of the internal auditory canal.
  • Use of the endoscope permitted removal of the neoplasm from the most lateral part of the internal auditory canal and identification of the nerve of tumor origin.
  • In 8 out of 16 patients, who showed serviceable hearing before surgery, this was preserved after tumor removal.

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  • (PMID = 16547878.001).
  • [ISSN] 0946-7211
  • [Journal-full-title] Minimally invasive neurosurgery : MIN
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minim Invasive Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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84. Elder JB, Berry C, Gonzalez-Gomez I, Kreger MD, McComb JG: Giant cell tumor of the skull in pediatric patients. Report of two cases. J Neurosurg; 2007 Jul;107(1 Suppl):69-74
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  • [Title] Giant cell tumor of the skull in pediatric patients. Report of two cases.
  • In the second case, a 7-week-old girl presented with a mass within the external auditory canal.
  • Both patients underwent metastatic workup and biopsy procedures before resection of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Ear Canal / surgery. Ear Neoplasms / surgery. Giant Cell Tumor of Bone / surgery. Skull Neoplasms / surgery. Temporal Bone / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17644925.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Kubota Y, Kawamata T, Kubo O, Kasuya H, Muragaki Y, Hori T: Large facial nerve schwannomas without facial palsy: case reports and review of the literature. Neurosurg Rev; 2005 Jul;28(3):234-8
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  • The first patient was a 64-year-old woman who presented with right auditory impairment without facial palsy.
  • MR images demonstrated a dumbbell-shaped tumor in the cerebellopontine angle.
  • MR images demonstrated a huge tumor expanding into both the posterior cranial fossa and middle cranial fossa.
  • A tumor extending to the middle and posterior cranial fossa should remind neurosurgeons to consider facial nerve schwannomas even in the absence of facial palsy.

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  • (PMID = 15754210.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-5607
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgical review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurg Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
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86. Swensson RC, Swensson RP, Pizzini FE, Boldorini PR, Jorge Júnior JJ: An uncommon presentation of an VIII nerve tumor. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol; 2008 Jul-Aug;74(4):628-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An uncommon presentation of an VIII nerve tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Audiometry, Evoked Response. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18852994.001).
  • [ISSN] 1808-8694
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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87. Laine H, Doetzlhofer A, Mantela J, Ylikoski J, Laiho M, Roussel MF, Segil N, Pirvola U: p19(Ink4d) and p21(Cip1) collaborate to maintain the postmitotic state of auditory hair cells, their codeletion leading to DNA damage and p53-mediated apoptosis. J Neurosci; 2007 Feb 7;27(6):1434-44
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  • [Title] p19(Ink4d) and p21(Cip1) collaborate to maintain the postmitotic state of auditory hair cells, their codeletion leading to DNA damage and p53-mediated apoptosis.
  • Sensory hair cells of the auditory organ are generated during embryogenesis and remain postmitotic throughout life.
  • The codeletion of p19(Ink4d) and p21(Cip1) triggered profuse S-phase entry of auditory hair cells during a restricted period in early postnatal life, leading to the transient appearance of supernumerary hair cells.
  • These data, together with the demonstration of changing expression patterns of multiple CKIs in auditory hair cells during the stages of early postnatal maturation, show that the maintenance of the postmitotic state is an active, tissue-specific process, cooperatively regulated by several CKIs, and is critical for the lifelong survival of these sensory cells.

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  • (PMID = 17287518.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-2401
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC007173; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-71907; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-90832; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC-007173
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cdkn1a protein, mouse; 0 / Cdkn2d protein, mouse; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor Proteins; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p19; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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88. Gerganov VM, Samii A, Paterno V, Stan AC, Samii M: Bilateral osteomas arising from the internal auditory canal: case report. Neurosurgery; 2008 Feb;62(2):E528-9; discussion E529
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bilateral osteomas arising from the internal auditory canal: case report.
  • OBJECTIVE: Osteomas arising from the internal auditory canal and developing in the cerebellopontine angle have rarely been reported.
  • Brain magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic scans displayed bilateral cerebellopontine angle osteomas arising from the internal auditory canal.
  • The larger tumor on the left side was found to be compressing the vestibulocochlear nerve.
  • INTERVENTION: Surgery was performed on the symptomatic side via the retrosigmoid approach, and the tumor was removed completely.

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  • (PMID = 18382293.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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89. Kashio A, Suzuki M: Bilateral hearing loss due to a meningioma located in the left posterior fossa: a case report. Acta Otolaryngol Suppl; 2007 Dec;(559):168-71
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  • We speculate that hearing loss in the left ear may have been induced by the indirect compression of the cochlear nerve caused by the tumor's edema, whereas that in the right ear may have resulted from changes in CSF pressure caused by the mass effects of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Cochlea / physiopathology. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / physiology. Female. Functional Laterality / physiology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neurosurgical Procedures. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 18340591.001).
  • [ISSN] 0365-5237
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica. Supplementum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol Suppl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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90. Liu JK, Sayama CM, Shelton C, MacDonald JD: Transient facial nerve palsy after topical papaverine application during vestibular schwannoma surgery. Case report. J Neurosurg; 2007 Nov;107(5):1039-42
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  • Some evidence in the literature supports the topical application of papaverine to the cochlear nerve to prevent internal auditory artery vasospasm and cochlear ischemia as a method of enhancing the ability to preserve hearing during acoustic neuroma surgery.
  • A retrosigmoid approach was performed to achieve gross-total resection of the tumor.
  • During tumor removal, a solution of 3% papaverine soaked in a Gelfoam pledget was placed over the cochlear nerve.
  • There were no changes in auditory brainstem responses.

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  • (PMID = 17977279.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vasodilator Agents; DAA13NKG2Q / Papaverine
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91. Brière ME, Scott JG, McNall-Knapp RY, Adams RL: Cognitive outcome in pediatric brain tumor survivors: delayed attention deficit at long-term follow-up. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Feb;50(2):337-40
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  • [Title] Cognitive outcome in pediatric brain tumor survivors: delayed attention deficit at long-term follow-up.
  • Tumor types included medulloblastoma and glioma.
  • The statistical decline was attributable to a significant decline on the arithmetic subtest, as well as a non-significant trend for the auditory attention span subtest.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study reveals that while most indices remained stable over repeat testing, auditory attention and concentration skills decline.


92. Hempel JM, Hempel E, Wowra B, Schichor Ch, Muacevic A, Riederer A: Functional outcome after gamma knife treatment in vestibular schwannoma. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2006 Aug;263(8):714-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The actual tumor control rate of 8.2 years (mean) after GK surgery for all patients and a single treatment was calculated to be 96.7%.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Auditory Threshold. Facial Nerve Injuries. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hearing Loss. Humans. Incidence. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications. Retrospective Studies. Tinnitus. Treatment Outcome. Trigeminal Nerve / physiopathology. Trigeminal Nerve Injuries. Trigeminal Neuralgia / etiology. Trigeminal Neuralgia / physiopathology. Vertigo

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  • [Cites] Acta Neurochir Suppl. 1995;63:73-80 [7502733.001]
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  • (PMID = 16741754.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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93. Cristalli G, Manciocco V, Pichi B, Marucci L, Arcangeli G, Telera S, Spriano G: Treatment and outcome of advanced external auditory canal and middle ear squamous cell carcinoma. J Craniofac Surg; 2009 May;20(3):816-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment and outcome of advanced external auditory canal and middle ear squamous cell carcinoma.
  • No patients were found to have residual gross tumor.
  • Radical external auditory canal and/or middle ear canal resection is of utmost importance to obtain a good surgical outcome.

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  • (PMID = 19381105.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3732
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Tanaka S, Pollock BE: Hearing preservation after stereotactic radiosurgery for bilateral cerebellopontine angle meningiomas. Minim Invasive Neurosurg; 2009 Oct;52(5-6):259-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CASE REPORT: A 51-year-old woman with tinnitus and dizziness was discovered to have bilateral CPA dural-based masses extending into the internal auditory canals (IAC).
  • The patient underwent two Leksell Gamma Knife (Elekta Instruments, Norcross, GA) radiosurgeries initially for the larger left-sided tumor, then one year later for the right.
  • The margin dose for each tumor was 14 Gy.

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  • (PMID = 20077370.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-2291
  • [Journal-full-title] Minimally invasive neurosurgery : MIN
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minim Invasive Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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95. Stamataki S, Francis HW, Holliday M, McCarthy E: Histological features of osteofibrous hemangioma of the maxillofacial and skull base regions. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2008 May;138(5):587-93
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  • OBJECTIVES: The histological spectrum of hemangiomas of the skull base and maxillofacial skeleton was evaluated to help explain the variability of the clinical and radiological presentation of this tumor.
  • The osteofibrous histology was more prevalent in the sinonasal and anterior skull base regions compared to the internal auditory canal.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Connective tissue and bony proliferation within hemangiomas vary according to tumor location and may have implications for the radiological appearance, ease of surgical resection, and associated morbidity.

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  • (PMID = 18439463.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Rohit, Piccirillo E, Jain Y, Augurio A, Sanna M: Preoperative predictive factors for hearing preservation in vestibular schwannoma surgery. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol; 2006 Jan;115(1):41-6
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  • These patients were divided into group 1 (hearing preserved) and group 2 (hearing not preserved), and both of these groups were evaluated for age, sex, pure tone average, sound discrimination score, tumor size, and auditory brain stem response parameters.
  • RESULTS: Preoperative pure tone average and tumor size were the 2 predictive factors in our study.
  • On multiple regression analysis by backward elimination of nonsignificant factors, we found that tumor size is an independent predictive factor for postoperative hearing.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In our series, preoperative pure tone average and tumor size were found to be predictors of postoperative hearing levels.

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  • (PMID = 16466099.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4894
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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97. Zhao J, Brooks DM, Lurie DI: Lipopolysaccharide-activated SHP-1-deficient motheaten microglia release increased nitric oxide, TNF-alpha, and IL-1beta. Glia; 2006 Feb;53(3):304-12
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  • After cochlear ablation, abnormal microglial activation accompanied by increased neuronal loss within the auditory brainstem occurs in motheaten (me/me) mice deficient in the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1.
  • To determine whether abnormally activated microglia contribute to neuronal death in me/me mice, primary microglial cultures from me/me and wild-type mouse cortices were stimulated by the bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to evaluate the secretion of the neurotoxic mediators nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta).
  • [MeSH-major] Interleukin-1 / metabolism. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / deficiency. Lipopolysaccharides / pharmacology. Microglia / metabolism. Nitric Oxide / metabolism. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / deficiency. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16265671.001).
  • [ISSN] 0894-1491
  • [Journal-full-title] Glia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Glia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC 02931; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR15583
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interleukin-1; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Lipopolysaccharides; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.11.24 / Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases; EC 2.7.11.24 / p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases; EC 2.7.11.25 / NF-kappa B kinase; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases; EC 3.1.3.48 / Ptpn6 protein, mouse
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98. Fricker M, Baumann A, Wermelinger F, Villiger PM, Helbling A: A novel therapeutic option in Cogan diseases? TNF-alpha blockers. Rheumatol Int; 2007 Mar;27(5):493-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Cogan's syndrome is characterized by noninfectious, interstitial keratitis combined with a vestibulo-auditory deficit.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Hearing Loss, Bilateral / drug therapy. Otitis / drug therapy. Rheumatic Diseases / drug therapy. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / antagonists & inhibitors

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  • [CommentIn] Rheumatol Int. 2009 Aug;29(10):1255-7 [19052751.001]
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  • (PMID = 17102947.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] Rheumatology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rheumatol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; B72HH48FLU / Infliximab
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99. Naganawa S, Sugiura M, Kawamura M, Fukatsu H, Nakashima T, Maruyama K: Prompt contrast enhancement of cerebrospinal fluid space in the fundus of the internal auditory canal: observations in patients with meningeal diseases on 3D-FLAIR images at 3 Tesla. Magn Reson Med Sci; 2006 Oct;5(3):151-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prompt contrast enhancement of cerebrospinal fluid space in the fundus of the internal auditory canal: observations in patients with meningeal diseases on 3D-FLAIR images at 3 Tesla.
  • We speculated that meningeal pathologies might facilitate the permeability of cranial nerves at the fundus of the internal auditory canal (IAC), causing prompt enhancement after administration of Gd-DTPA.
  • Twenty patients (aged 22 to 79 years) were divided into 2 groups, a group with meningeal disease comprising 9 patients with meningeal abnormalities (6, tumor dissemination; 3, infection) and a control group of 11 patients with unilateral IAC pathology whose healthy sides were included as controls.

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  • (PMID = 17139141.001).
  • [ISSN] 1347-3182
  • [Journal-full-title] Magnetic resonance in medical sciences : MRMS : an official journal of Japan Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magn Reson Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 84F6U3J2R6 / gadodiamide; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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100. Nakamura M, Roser F, Dormiani M, Samii M, Matthies C: Intraoperative auditory brainstem responses in patients with cerebellopontine angle meningiomas involving the inner auditory canal: analysis of the predictive value of the responses. J Neurosurg; 2005 Apr;102(4):637-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intraoperative auditory brainstem responses in patients with cerebellopontine angle meningiomas involving the inner auditory canal: analysis of the predictive value of the responses.
  • OBJECT: Meningiomas of the cerebellopontine angle (CPA) can either arise from or secondarily grow into the inner auditory canal (IAC).
  • The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the reliability and predictive importance of auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) for the determination of postoperative auditory function in patients with CPA meningiomas in comparison with results obtained in patients who undergo surgery for vestibular schwannomas.
  • On analysis, ABR monitoring demonstrated stable findings in 24 patients throughout tumor resection and fluctuating signals in 10 patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The presence and absence of ABRs during surgery for CPA meningiomas reliably predicted the presence and absence of postoperative auditory function.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cerebellopontine Angle. Ear, Inner / pathology. Ear, Inner / physiology. Evoked Potentials, Auditory. Female. Humans. Intraoperative Period. Male. Middle Aged. Neuroma, Acoustic / complications. Predictive Value of Tests. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15871505.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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