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Items 1 to 35 of about 35
1. Asma B, Ammar K, Khaled M, Najoua G, Nejla BJ: Acute respiratory failure revealing a multilocular thymic cyst in an infant: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:9109

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute respiratory failure revealing a multilocular thymic cyst in an infant: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Multilocular thymic cysts are rare benign lesions of the neck and mediastinum that can occur at any age.
  • In children, multilocular thymic cysts are usually symptomatic after the age of 2 years and produce few symptoms.
  • We present an unusual case of a multilocular thymic cyst diagnosed in a 3-month-old girl and causing severe respiratory failure.
  • The diagnosis of severe asthma was initially suspected and the patient was treated by intravenous corticosteroids and continuous perfusion of salbutamol without any improvement.
  • A chest tomography scan was performed and demonstrated an anterior mediastinal multiseptated cystic mass extending from the inferior face of the thyroid gland to the left cardiophrenic angle.
  • The histopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a multilocular thymic cyst.
  • CONCLUSION: The particularities of our observation are the occurrence of a multilocular thymic cyst in a young infant and its presentation by a severe acute respiratory failure mimicking asthma.

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  • [Cites] J Pediatr Surg. 1998 Jun;33(6):821-5 [9660205.001]
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  • (PMID = 20062686.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2803906
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2. Nah JC, Lee B, Kwak CH, Kim SB, Kim SM, Park SW, Kang YK, Lee HK, Ku BI, Sir JJ, Cho WH, Choi SK: Spontaneous rupture of idiopathic thymic abscess with a markedly increased CA-125 level. Intern Med; 2008;47(10):953-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous rupture of idiopathic thymic abscess with a markedly increased CA-125 level.
  • We report a rare case of spontaneous rupture of idiopathic thymic abscess into the pleural cavity.
  • Chest computed tomography revealed a large anterior mediastinal cystic mass with bilateral pleural effusions.
  • Following complete resection of the mass, the histological examination revealed cavitary lesion with necrotic thymic tissue and inflammatory infiltrate surrounded by fibrous wall.
  • Cyst fluid also revealed a highly elevated CA-125 level.
  • She is now doing well without recurrence of the cyst five months after surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] CA-125 Antigen / metabolism. Mediastinal Cyst / metabolism. Pleural Effusion / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18480581.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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3. Fernando SR, Van Tornout F, Ball RY, Wimperis JZ: Spontaneous mediastinal haemorrhage linked with thymic carcinoma and myelodysplasia: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:7821

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous mediastinal haemorrhage linked with thymic carcinoma and myelodysplasia: a case report.
  • We report an unusual sequence of clinico-pathological manifestations of myelodysplastic syndrome and thymic squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Radiological investigations revealed an anterior mediastinal mass, associated with mediastinal haemorrhage.
  • The mass was excised via a standard median sternotomy and was found to be an infiltrating squamous cell carcinoma, which arose from a multilocular thymic cyst.

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  • [Cites] Scand J Infect Dis. 2006;38(4):314-9 [16718939.001]
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  • (PMID = 19830017.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2740167
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4. Saito Y, Uragami T, Satake A, Yamakawa Y, Kasugai T: [Multilocular thymic cyst]. Kyobu Geka; 2009 Mar;62(3):227-30

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Multilocular thymic cyst].
  • We describe a case of multilocular thymic cyst with severe acute inflammation.
  • A computed tomography scan showed multilocular cystic lesion at anterior mediastinum.
  • Histological examination revealed that the tumor was a multilocular thymic cyst which is reported by Suster.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19280956.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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5. Scharifker D: True thymic hyperplasia associated with a unilocular thymic cyst: an unusual combination not previously reported. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Feb;10(1):32-5
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Thymic hyperplasia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] True thymic hyperplasia associated with a unilocular thymic cyst: an unusual combination not previously reported.
  • A mediastinal tumor mass in a 53-year-old woman with the sole complaint of persistent cough was studied and found to be a true thymic hyperplasia associated with a unilocular thymic cyst, felt to be of the congenital type.
  • It showed normal thymic tissue segregated in lobules separated by adipose septa and with good corticomedullary separation.
  • In the anterior aspect of the thymus, there was a 5-cm unilocular cyst, filled with a clear watery fluid, and with smooth and gray white inner surfaces.
  • Microscopically, the cyst was lined by a cubic and low cylindrical nonciliated epithelium with normal-appearing thymic tissue in the cyst wall.
  • This very unusual combination of true thymic hyperplasia and unilocular thymic cyst has not been previously reported in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / pathology. Thymus Gland / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hyperplasia. Lipoma / diagnosis. Middle Aged. Thymoma / diagnosis. Thymus Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16414543.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Yamada T, Chiba W, Hitomi S: [Thymic basaloid carcinoma]. Kyobu Geka; 2006 Dec;59(13):1154-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Thymus Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Thymic basaloid carcinoma].
  • We report a case of thymic basaloid carcinoma combined with multilocular thymic cyst (MTC).
  • Chest computed tomography (CT) showed a smooth edged anterior mediastinum tumor projecting to the left lung field.
  • After preoperative chemotherapy by irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) and radiotherapy of 40 Gy, chest CT showed a large part of the tumor projecting to the left lung field had changed to a cyst.
  • The tumor was thymic basaloid carcinoma 3 x 2.5 x 2 cm in size combined with MTC 8.2 cm maximum in diameter.
  • Thymic basaloid carcinoma is rare and only 14 cases including the present case have been reported.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / administration & dosage. Camptothecin / administration & dosage. Camptothecin / analogs & derivatives. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

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  • (PMID = 17163206.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 7673326042 / irinotecan; XT3Z54Z28A / Camptothecin
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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7. Efthymiou CA, Thorpe JA: Thymic cyst presenting as tachy-brady syndrome. Eur J Cardiothorac Surg; 2009 Jun;35(6):1108-10

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Thymic cyst presenting as tachy-brady syndrome.
  • Diagnosis can be difficult because of its nonspecific symptoms and elusive findings on electrocardiogram or 24h tape.
  • Thymic cysts are relatively uncommon tumours that are predominantly asymptomatic and located in the anterior mediastinum.
  • We present the first known report of tachy-brady syndrome associated with a large thymic cyst.
  • Treatment consisted of dual-chamber pacemaker implantation prior to video-assisted removal of the thymic cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / complications. Sick Sinus Syndrome / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19328005.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-734X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Cardiothorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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8. Tsunoda Y, Tanaka K, Okada K, Ishizu H, Masuko H, Hata T, Kawamura H, Yokota R, Yamagami H, Watarai H, Yokota K, Tanioka T: [Thymic basaloid carcinoma]. Kyobu Geka; 2010 Sep;63(10):857-61
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Thymus Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Thymic basaloid carcinoma].
  • This is a case of a 72-year-old male whose chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a 2.0 x 1.6 cm anterior mediastinal solid tumor during follow-up of an abnormal shadow of the lung.
  • The tumor increased its size during preoperative follow-up, and multilocular cyst was also observed.
  • Radical thymectomy was performed, and histopathologically the tumor was diagnosed as thymic basaloid carcinoma.
  • Thymic basaloid carcinoma is a rare tumor and is often associated with multilocular thymic cyst.
  • Generally, the malignancy of thymic basaloid carcinomas are regarded as low-grade compared with other thymic carcinomas, however, since mortality and recurrence have been reported, careful follow-up is required.

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  • (PMID = 20845693.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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9. Cigliano B, Baltogiannis N, De Marco M, Faviou E, Antoniou D, De Luca U, Soutis M, Settimi A: Cervical thymic cysts. Pediatr Surg Int; 2007 Dec;23(12):1219-25

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cervical thymic cysts.
  • Thymic cysts are rare embryonic remnants along the course of thymic migration in the neck or the anterior mediastinum which may result in cervical masses in children, often misdiagnosed.
  • We present the experience gained by three European tertiary care medical centers in the treatment of thymic cysts as well as the current data on the embryology, clinical presentation, diagnosis and management of thymic cysts.
  • A retrospective study was carried out in nine patients with thymic cysts during the period 1986-2002 at the departments of Pediatric Surgery of Children's University Hospital "Federico II" and "Santobono" Pediatric Hospital of Naples in Italy and "Aghia Sophia" Children's Hospital of Athens in Greece.
  • All cases were asymptomatic, appearing mainly as masses resembling branchial cyst or lymphatic malformation.
  • Laboratory and imaging investigations were not useful for preoperative diagnosis.
  • The histological findings of thymic tissue and Hassal's corpuscles in the cystic wall were diagnostic.
  • If a cervical thymic cyst extends into the normal thymus, attempts should be made to preserve the thymus, especially in younger patients.
  • Thymic cysts should always be included in the differential diagnosis of lateral cervical masses, especially in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / surgery. Thymectomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neck. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17938938.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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10. Makihara S, Umemori Y, Kotani K: [Invasive thymoma with thymic cyst; report of a case]. Kyobu Geka; 2007 Jun;60(6):512-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Thymus Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Invasive thymoma with thymic cyst; report of a case].
  • Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed anterior mediastinal solid mass with cystic lesion.
  • Histological examination revealed a thymoma with thymic cyst.
  • There were few reports for cases of thymoma with thymic cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / complications. Thymoma / complications. Thymus Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 17564072.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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11. Morikawa H, Tanaka T, Hamaji M, Ueno Y, Hara A: Papillary adenocarcinoma developed in a thymic cyst. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2010 Jun;58(6):295-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Thymus Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Papillary adenocarcinoma developed in a thymic cyst.
  • In this report, we describe a case of a thymic carcinoma that developed in a thymic cyst, which was resected by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS).
  • Chest computed tomography demonstrated a well-confined cystic mass that measured 4 cm in diameter occupying the anterior mediastinum.
  • Based on these findings, a thymic cyst was suspected.
  • The excised cyst was multiloculated with a partially thick wall.
  • Microscopic examination revealed that the nodular excrescence of the wall to be limited to papillary adenocarcinoma and the cyst wall to be lined by cuboidal cells.
  • On the basis of this diagnosis, we performed multidrug adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Mediastinal Cyst / pathology. Thymus Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20549461.001).
  • [ISSN] 1863-6713
  • [Journal-full-title] General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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12. Ascani S, Carloni A, Agostinelli C, Martini E, Bravi I, Pileri SA: Thymoma arising in the wall of a thymic cyst. Pathologica; 2008 Dec;100(6):476-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Thymus Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Thymoma arising in the wall of a thymic cyst.
  • X-ray and CT scan showed a cystic lesion located in the left anterior mediastinum.
  • A diagnosis of thymoma arising in the wall of thymic cyst was made.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / pathology. Thymoma / radiography. Thymus Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19475891.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-2983
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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13. Izumi H, Nobukawa B, Takahashi K, Kumasaka T, Miyamoto H, Yamazaki A, Sonobe S, Uekusa T, Suda K: Multilocular thymic cyst associated with follicular hyperplasia: clinicopathologic study of 4 resected cases. Hum Pathol; 2005 Jul;36(7):841-4
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Thymic hyperplasia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multilocular thymic cyst associated with follicular hyperplasia: clinicopathologic study of 4 resected cases.
  • We report here 4 cases of multilocular thymic cysts (MTCs) with reactive lymphoid follicular hyperplasia.
  • They were admitted to our hospital to examine anterior mediastinal masses demonstrated on chest computed tomographic scans.
  • The inner cyst walls were lined by flattened cuboidal epithelia in some portions.
  • These pathological findings led to a diagnosis of MTCs that were thought to result from cystic transformation of medullary duct derivatives by acquired inflammatory processes.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / pathology. Thymus Gland / pathology. Thymus Hyperplasia / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16084956.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Saito Y, Murai K, Kawai Y, Takahashi N, Ikeya T, Hoshi E, Kawabata Y: Spontaneous hemorrhage of a thymic cyst in an adult: report of a case. Surg Today; 2010 Oct;40(10):958-62

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous hemorrhage of a thymic cyst in an adult: report of a case.
  • Mediastinal cysts account for about 19% of all mediastinal masses, and thymic cysts represent only about 1.5% of anterior mediastinal masses.
  • Thymic cysts do not usually cause symptoms and are often found incidentally on routine chest radiography.
  • We report the case of a thymic cyst that hemorrhaged into the mediastinum and the right pleural cavity, causing chest pain.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemothorax / etiology. Mediastinal Cyst / complications. Thoracic Surgical Procedures / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Radiography, Thoracic. Rupture, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20872200.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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15. Fujiwara T, Mizobuchi T, Noro M, Iwai N: Rapid enlargement of a mediastinal mass: thymoma hemorrhage into a thymic cyst. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2008 Sep;56(9):472-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Thymus Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rapid enlargement of a mediastinal mass: thymoma hemorrhage into a thymic cyst.
  • A 52-year-old man was admitted to Matsudo City Hospital because of an anterior mediastinal mass.
  • The mass, measuring 12 x 8 x 6 cm, contained a solid tumor and a fluid-filled cyst.
  • Pathology showed a thymoma and a multilocular thymic cyst.
  • We speculated that hemorrhage from the thymoma spread into the multilocular thymic cyst and enlarged the mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemorrhage / etiology. Mediastinal Cyst / complications. Thymoma / complications. Thymus Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 18791676.001).
  • [ISSN] 1863-6705
  • [Journal-full-title] General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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16. Shilo K, Mani H, Deshpande C, Ozbudak IH, Travis WD, Galvin JR, Franks TJ: Diffuse thymic fibrosis: histologic pattern of injury or distinct entity? Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Feb;34(2):211-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Lymphatic Diseases.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diffuse thymic fibrosis: histologic pattern of injury or distinct entity?
  • Thymic fibrosis in the absence of another primary thymic lesion, such as a neoplasm or cyst, is unusual.
  • We identified 6 cases of primary extensive thymic fibrosis that developed in 3 men and 3 women, aged 28 to 60 years, mean 48 years.
  • The lesions measured 3.5 to 17 cm in greatest dimension, mean 8 cm, and were confined to the anterior mediastinum as determined by imaging, intraoperative notes, and/or gross examination.

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  • (PMID = 20087160.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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17. Ertuğrul M, Bayram Selvi U, Damadoğlu E, Arinç S, Sulu E, Yağci Tuncer L, Atasalihi A, Yilmaz A: [Thymic cysts: a report of six cases]. Tuberk Toraks; 2006;54(2):172-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Thymic cysts: a report of six cases].
  • Thymic cysts are rarerly encountered lesions which are only 1 to 2% of all mediastinal masses.
  • We present six patients with thymic cysts diagnosed between 2000 and 2004 in this report.
  • Thymic cyst was located in anterior mediastinum in five patients and in upper mediastinum in one patient.
  • In conclusion, thymic cysts are rare masses.
  • Differential diagnosis of mediastinal masses, especially anterior mediastinal masses should be included thymic cysts.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Thoracotomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16924575.001).
  • [ISSN] 0494-1373
  • [Journal-full-title] Tüberküloz ve toraks
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tuberk Toraks
  • [Language] tur
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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18. Moran CA, Suster S, Silva EG: Low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary metastatic to the anterior mediastinum simulating multilocular thymic cysts: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 3 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Apr;29(4):496-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ovarian Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Low-grade serous carcinoma of the ovary metastatic to the anterior mediastinum simulating multilocular thymic cysts: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 3 cases.
  • Three cases of serous borderline tumors of the ovary with areas of serous low-grade carcinoma metastatic to the anterior mediastinum simulating multilocular thymic cysts are presented.
  • Follow-up radiologic examination revealed the presence of an anterior mediastinal tumor.
  • Histologically, all the tumors basically showed similar histopathologic features, namely, those described in multilocular thymic cysts, ie, cystic structures lined by either squamous or low cuboidal epithelium, lymphoid hyperplasia, cholesterol cleft granulomas, and remnants of thymic tissue.
  • Two patients remain alive and well after follow-up ranging from 6 to 18 months and 1 patient died of tumor 18 years after initial diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / secondary. Mediastinal Cyst / pathology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / secondary. Mediastinum / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratins / analysis. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 15767804.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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19. Kawano R, Hata E, Ikeda S, Yokota T, Tagawa K, Sato F: Langerhans cell histiocytosis: coexistence of bronchogenic and thymic cysts in the thymus. Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2008 Feb;56(2):74-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Langerhans cell histiocytosis: coexistence of bronchogenic and thymic cysts in the thymus.
  • A 43-year-old male patient presented with an anterior mediastinal mass in the thymus.
  • Histological examination after a thymectomy revealed a bronchogenic cyst in the thymus, and multiple LCH and small thymic cysts were also incidentally observed in the thymus.
  • Furthermore, no cases of LCH with the coexistence of bronchogenic and thymic cysts in the thymus have been previously reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchogenic Cyst / complications. Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell / complications. Mediastinal Cyst / complications

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  • (PMID = 18297462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1863-6705
  • [Journal-full-title] General thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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20. Posligua L, Ylagan L: Fine-needle aspiration cytology of thymic basaloid carcinoma: case studies and review of the literature. Diagn Cytopathol; 2006 May;34(5):358-66
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fine-needle aspiration cytology of thymic basaloid carcinoma: case studies and review of the literature.
  • We report the features in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thymic basaloid carcinomas.
  • This is a rare neoplasm, of which there are only three documented in our hospital files.
  • This is a tumor in which the FNA diagnosis is difficult and the differential diagnosis is broad.
  • We describe the cytologic features encountered in the three cases, and immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings so as to raise awareness of this entity in the differential diagnosis of thymic neoplasms on FNABs.
  • The cases studied included three male patients, aged 73, 65, and 50, who presented with anterior mediastinal masses, with no primary tumor elsewhere.
  • One case, additionally, had metastasis to a cervical lymph node, and the other two were associated with thymic cysts.
  • The diagnoses on all three cases were thymic basaloid carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cell Nucleus / ultrastructure. Cytoplasm / ultrastructure. Desmosomes / ultrastructure. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Mediastinal Cyst / pathology. Microscopy, Electron, Transmission. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16604555.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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21. Priola AM, Priola SM, Cardinale L, Cataldi A, Fava C: The anterior mediastinum: diseases. Radiol Med; 2006 Apr;111(3):312-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The anterior mediastinum: diseases.
  • Primary tumours in the anterior mediastinum account for half of all mediastinal masses.
  • The most common primary anterior mediastinal tumours are thymoma, teratoma and lymphoma; all other lesions are rare.
  • Nonneoplastic conditions include thymic cysts, lymphangioma and intrathoracic goitre.
  • Understanding the pathology, clinical presentation, imaging and diagnosis of the major tumour types is instrumental in the safe and efficient work-up of a mediastinal mass.
  • The objective of this review was to examine the role of diagnostic imaging in the management of masses of the anterior mediastinum.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Imaging. Mediastinal Diseases / diagnosis. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Lymphatic Diseases / diagnosis. Mediastinal Cyst / diagnosis. Mediastinitis / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / diagnosis. Thymus Gland / pathology. Tomography, Spiral Computed

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  • (PMID = 16683081.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-8362
  • [Journal-full-title] La Radiologia medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiol Med
  • [Language] eng; ita
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 78
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22. Sakakura N, Tateyama H, Usami N, Yokoi K: Thymic basaloid carcinoma with pleural dissemination that developed after a curative resection: report of a case. Surg Today; 2010 Nov;40(11):1073-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Thymic basaloid carcinoma with pleural dissemination that developed after a curative resection: report of a case.
  • Thymic basaloid carcinoma is an extremely rare tumor type, with only 10 such reports published to date in the English literature.
  • We herein present a new case of thymic basaloid carcinoma with pleural dissemination that developed after a curative resection.
  • A cystic tumor in the anterior mediastinum was observed in a 72-year-old man, and the tumor was completely resected via a median sternotomy with a combined resection of the adjacent structures.
  • The present case and the review of previous cases indicated that this rare tumor, which had previously been considered to be a low-grade malignant thymic carcinoma, may therefore have a more obstinate and aggressive malignant nature.
  • Histopathologically, a few CD5-positive tumor cells were observed in isolation in the squamous epithelium of the inner cyst wall, thus suggesting that malignant transformation subsequently occurs in a preexisting cyst.

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  • (PMID = 21046508.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD5; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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23. Meyer E, Mulwafu W, Fagan JJ, Brown RA, Taylor K: Ectopic thymic tissue presenting as a neck mass in children: a report of 3 cases. Ear Nose Throat J; 2010 May;89(5):228-31
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  • [Title] Ectopic thymic tissue presenting as a neck mass in children: a report of 3 cases.
  • The presentation of ectopic cervical thymic tissue as an anterior neck mass is rare.
  • We report 3 similar cases in 3 boys-2 who had a thymic cyst and 1 who had an ectopic cervical thymus.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male

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  • (PMID = 20461685.001).
  • [ISSN] 1942-7522
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Utsumi T, Shiono H, Fukai I, Akashi A: Artificial pneumomediastinum facilitates thoracoscopic surgery in anterior mediastinum. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg; 2007 Jun;6(3):411-2

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Artificial pneumomediastinum facilitates thoracoscopic surgery in anterior mediastinum.
  • A 67-year-old woman underwent a thoracoscopic resection of a large anterior mediastinal cyst.
  • In those areas, dissection of loose connective tissue was mostly accomplished by the injected air, which formed an air layer around the cyst.
  • On the other hand, emphysema was not apparent in the areas around the left innominate and thymic veins.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / surgery. Pneumomediastinum, Diagnostic. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17669882.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-9285
  • [Journal-full-title] Interactive cardiovascular and thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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25. Osaki T, Nakagawa M: Multilocular mediastinal cyst with rim calcification: report of a case. Surg Today; 2008;38(1):52-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multilocular mediastinal cyst with rim calcification: report of a case.
  • We report a case of a multilocular anterior mediastinal cyst with rim calcification and severe adhesion to the adjacent organs.
  • We excised the cyst completely, with resection of the left phrenic nerve, pericardium, and left lung because of the severe adhesion.
  • On the basis of the location and pathological findings, we diagnosed a multilocular mediastinal cystic tumor; most likely a multilocular thymic cyst.
  • It is important to distinguish a multilocular thymic cyst from a unilocular thymic cyst because a multilocular thymic cyst may recur postoperatively and coexist with a thymic epithelial tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcinosis / complications. Mediastinal Cyst / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Positron-Emission Tomography. Thoracic Surgical Procedures / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18085364.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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26. Tomiyama N, Honda O, Tsubamoto M, Inoue A, Sumikawa H, Kuriyama K, Kusumoto M, Johkoh T, Nakamura H: Anterior mediastinal tumors: diagnostic accuracy of CT and MRI. Eur J Radiol; 2009 Feb;69(2):280-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anterior mediastinal tumors: diagnostic accuracy of CT and MRI.
  • PURPOSE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy for anterior mediastinal tumors among CT, MRI, and both CT and MRI, and to determine the optimal CT and MRI procedures for the diagnosis of anterior mediastinal tumors.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both CT and MRI were performed in 127 patients with pathologically diagnosed anterior mediastinal tumors.
  • The patients included 48 cases of thymoma, 12 cases of thymic carcinoma, 12 cases of thymic cyst, 20 cases of mature teratoma, 13 cases of malignant germ cell tumor, and 22 cases of malignant lymphoma.
  • The observers recorded various CT and MRI findings and their first choice of diagnosis.
  • RESULTS: The two observers made a correct first-choice diagnosis in an average of 78 (61%) of 127 cases on CT, 71 (56%) of 127 cases on MRI, and 85.5 (67%) of 127 cases on both CT and MRI.
  • These included 83% cases of thymoma on CT, 84% on MRI, and 85% on both CT and MRI; 38% cases of thymic carcinoma on CT and 13% on MRI, and 33% on both CT and MRI; 46% cases of thymic cyst on CT and 71% on MRI, and 63% on both CT and MRI; 58% cases of mature teratoma and 38% on MRI, and 78% on both CT and MRI; 35% cases of malignant germ cell tumor on CT and 27% on MRI, and 31% on both CT and MRI; and 55% cases of malignant lymphoma on CT and 43% on MRI, and 61% on both CT and MRI.
  • There were significant differences between the diagnostic accuracy by CT and MRI in the cases with both thymic cysts and thymic carcinoma (p<0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: CT is equal or superior to MRI in the diagnosis of anterior mediastinal tumors except for thymic cyst.
  • CT should be considered the modality of choice following chest radiography, however, in certain circumstances, such as thymic cyst with hemorrhage or inflammation which mimic solid tumor despite low enhancement, MRI may be better in distinguishing anterior mediastinal tumors.
  • For more helpful information in the diagnosis of mature teratoma after CT, MRI may follow.
  • [MeSH-major] Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 18023547.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7727
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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27. Matsumura Y: [Thoracoscopic surgery of mediastinal tumor]. Kyobu Geka; 2010 Jul;63(8 Suppl):724-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The superior MTs are usually not indicated to VATS because of anatomical complexity of nerves and vessels of this area Thymus is the most frequent site of MTs and is in the narrow anterior mediastinum between sternum and heart.
  • So that VATS to the anterior MTs needs some sternal lifting devices to get working space with appropriate combinations of intercostal, infrasternal and cervical approaches under supine position.
  • Thymic cyst, benign thymic tumor. such as mature teratoma, and small thymoma [noninvasive, diameter less than 5 cm, caudal position from left brachiocephalic vein (LBCV)] are now also indicated to VATS.
  • LigaSure is suitable instrument for thymic vein handling, for esophageal muscle cutting, and for inflammatory teratoma dissection.
  • The cases of mature teratoma and esophageal cyst were presented.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Esophageal Cyst / surgery. Female. Humans. Teratoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20715448.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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28. Lang-Lazdunski L, Pilling J: Videothoracoscopic excision of mediastinal tumors and cysts using the harmonic scalpel. Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2008 Aug;56(5):278-82

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We have prospectively studied 19 cases presenting with a mediastinal tumor or cyst operated on consecutively since January 2003.
  • Two masses were in the anterior mediastinum, 5 in the middle mediastinum and 12 in the posterior mediastinum.
  • The maximum tumor diameter was 38 +/- 14 mm and the maximum cyst dimension was 55 +/- 20 mm.
  • Histopathology revealed 1 esophageal leiomyosarcoma, 1 Langerhans cell histiocytosis X, 1 hamartoma, 5 schwannomas, 1 neurofibroma, 1 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, 1 reactive lymphadenopathy, 1 tuberculous lymphadenopathy, 1 cystic hygroma, 2 bronchogenic cysts, 2 foregut cysts, 1 thymic cyst, and 1 pleuropericardial cyst.
  • There has been no recurrence of tumor or cyst on follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / surgery. Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Instruments. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 18615374.001).
  • [ISSN] 0171-6425
  • [Journal-full-title] The Thoracic and cardiovascular surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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29. Moran CA, Suster S: Cystic well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (carcinoid tumor): a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of two cases. Am J Clin Pathol; 2006 Sep;126(3):377-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Two cases of primary neuroendocrine carcinoma (carcinoid tumor) arising in the walls of a multilocular thymic cyst (MTC) are described.
  • Radiographic evaluation demonstrated the presence of anterior mediastinal tumor in both patients, and complete surgical resection of the tumor mass was performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / pathology. Mediastinal Cyst / pathology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16880146.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9173
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Usami N, Fukui T, Ito S, Sato N, Uchiyama M, Taniguchi T, Yoshioka H, Yokoi K: [Pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma; report of a case]. Kyobu Geka; 2005 Oct;58(11):1013-6
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  • We report a case of a 64-year-old man with pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung and thymic cyst.
  • Computed tomography (CT) showed a mass lesion located in the right upper lobe and a non-invasive anterior mediastinal tumor adjacent to the left brachiocepharic vein.
  • With a diagnosis of primary lung cancer (cT3N0M0) and mediastinal tumor, an operation was performed through a median sternotomy.
  • This finding yielded a pathological diagnosis of pleomorphic carcinoma (pT2N0M0).
  • The mediastinal tumor was diagnosed as thymic cyst.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Mediastinal Cyst / complications. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary

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  • (PMID = 16235854.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 9
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31. Bastos P, Magalhães A, Fernandes G, Cruz MR, Saleiro S, Gonçalves L, Piñon M: [Primary cysts and tumors of the mediastinum]. Rev Port Pneumol; 2007 Sep-Oct;13(5):659-73

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We analysed demographic data, clinical presentation, type of surgery carried out and procedure, lesion location and histological diagnosis.
  • The pri- mary tumours included thymic neoplasms (31%), lymphoma (22%), neurogenic tumours (16%), germ cell tumours (9%) and a miscellaneous group (13%).
  • The antero-superior mediastinum was the most commonly involved site to have a primary cyst or tumour (58%), followed by the posterior mediastinum (24%) and the middle mediastinum (18%).
  • Types of surgery carried out included postero-lateral thoracotomy (64 patients), median sternotomy (51 patients), anterior mediastinostomy (27 patients), antero-lateral thoracotomy (18 patients), video-assisted thoracic surgery (9 patients) and mediastinoscopy (2 patients).
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Cyst / surgery. Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17962885.001).
  • [ISSN] 0873-2159
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista portuguesa de pneumologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Port Pneumol
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Portugal
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32. Restrepo CS, Pandit M, Rojas IC, Villamil MA, Gordillo H, Lemos D, Mastrogiovanni L, Diethelm L: Imaging findings of expansile lesions of the thymus. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol; 2005 Jan-Feb;34(1):22-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Almost 50% of all mediastinal masses are located in the anterior mediastinum.
  • Other lesions that cause thymic enlargement and that can be confused with neoplasia are thymic cysts and thymic hyperplasia.
  • Even though anterior mediastinal masses are first found on conventional radiographs, computed tomography and magnetic resonance are very useful additional studies for assessing the origin and extension of these masses.
  • The basic concepts regarding embryology, anatomy, and histology relevant for the differential diagnosis of an enlarged thymic gland are also described.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphatic Diseases / diagnosis. Thymus Gland. Thymus Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Mediastinal Cyst / diagnosis. Mediastinal Cyst / radiography. Radiography, Thoracic. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15644860.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-0188
  • [Journal-full-title] Current problems in diagnostic radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Probl Diagn Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 32
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33. Paul S, Lee PC, Altorki NK, Stiles BM, Port JL: Partial upper sternotomy for anterosuperior mediastinal surgery: an institutional experience. Ann Surg Oncol; 2009 Apr;16(4):1039-42

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Median sternotomy is the traditional approach used to resect anterior mediastinal masses or access the anterosuperior compartment of the mediastinum.
  • RESULTS: Of the 35 patients, 13 patients underwent resection for thymoma (9 stage I, 4 stage II), 5 for cervical node dissection, 7 for thymic hyperplasia, 3 for thyroid resection, 3 for esophagectomy, 2 for thymic cyst, 1 for bronchogenic cyst, and 1 for thymic cholesterol granuloma.
  • Complete resection was possible for all patients who underwent resection for thymic masses, hyperplasia, or cystic mediastinal structures (n = 24).
  • It is an alternative to full sternotomy and provides a less invasive means of resecting small anterior mediastinal masses as well as accessing the thoracic inlet.

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  • (PMID = 19194755.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Dosios T, Kouskos E, Kyriakou V: Surgical management of mediastinal lesions. Tuberk Toraks; 2006;54(3):207-12

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This retrospective study reports the experience of our department in the diagnosis and treatment of mediastinal lesions.
  • Sixty patients had an apparently non-resectable lesion or lymphadenopathy of the anterior superior mediastinum.
  • They had an anterior mediastinotomy and biopsy of the mediastinal lesion.
  • Histological diagnosis was established in all patients: lymphoma (n = 21), metastatic carcinoma (n = 16), thymic lesions (n = 10), germ cell tumor (n = 3), other lesions (n = 10).
  • The histological diagnosis of the excised lesions was: thymic lesions (n = 60), neural tumors (n = 21), thyroid lesions (n = 14), bronchial cysts (n = 12), pericardial cysts (n = 10), germ cell tumors (n = 6), other lesions (n = 17).
  • It allows for establishing certain histological diagnosis and curative excision of the lesion, when it is necessary, with low operative risk.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Bronchogenic Cyst / diagnosis. Bronchogenic Cyst / epidemiology. Bronchogenic Cyst / etiology. Bronchogenic Cyst / pathology. Bronchogenic Cyst / radiography. Bronchogenic Cyst / surgery. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Mediastinal Cyst / diagnosis. Mediastinal Cyst / epidemiology. Mediastinal Cyst / etiology. Mediastinal Cyst / pathology. Mediastinal Cyst / radiography. Mediastinal Cyst / surgery. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Mediastinal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / etiology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / radiography. Mediastinal Neoplasms / surgery. Medical Records. Middle Aged. Outcome Assessment (Health Care). Retrospective Studies. Thoracic Surgical Procedures / statistics & numerical data. Thymus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thymus Neoplasms / epidemiology. Thymus Neoplasms / etiology. Thymus Neoplasms / pathology. Thymus Neoplasms / radiography. Thymus Neoplasms / surgery. Turkey / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17001536.001).
  • [ISSN] 0494-1373
  • [Journal-full-title] Tüberküloz ve toraks
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tuberk Toraks
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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35. Nomura T, Kawasaki T, Tanabe T, Azuma A, Matsubara H: Ectopic cystic thymoma associated with Raynaud's phenomenon. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg; 2007 Apr;13(2):118-21
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Thymus Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Pathological examinations are almost always required for differential diagnosis.
  • We encountered a case of anterior mediastinal tumor discovered in the process of investigation of Raynaud's phenomenon.
  • Taking into account the tumor location, a pericardial cyst was initially suspected.
  • However, the tumor was surgically resected and histopathological examinations demonstrated thymus-like tissue in the cyst walls.
  • These findings suggested that cystic thymoma originated from ectopic thymic tissue and is accompanied by paraneoplastic syndrome.

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Raynaud's Disease.
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  • (PMID = 17505420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-1098
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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