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1. Puizina-Ivić N, Bezić J, Marasović D, Gotovac V, Carija A, Bozić M: Angiosarcoma arising in sclerodermatous skin. Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat; 2005 Mar;14(1):20-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma arising in sclerodermatous skin.
  • We report a case of cutaneous angiosarcoma in a 77-year-old female patient with systemic sclerosis.
  • Since the conservative therapy failed to produce any improvement, a diagnostic skin biopsy was performed.
  • The pathohistological diagnosis was moderately differentiated angiosarcoma.
  • Despite a notable cutaneous improvement, the control check-up revealed the presence of metastases of the lung and liver.
  • This is the first report of cutaneous angiosarcoma occurring in sclerodermatous skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / etiology. Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Scleroderma, Systemic / complications. Scleroderma, Systemic / physiopathology. Skin Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 15818442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1318-4458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica, et Adriatica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovenia
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2. Terada T: Fatal poorly differentiated angiosarcoma of the scalp. Int J Clin Exp Pathol; 2010;3(5):541-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fatal poorly differentiated angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a very rare but aggressive tumor.
  • Angiosarcoma of the scalp is very rare, and a review of the world literature revealed less than 60 cases.
  • Here, the author reports a case of poorly differentiated angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • The pathological diagnosis was very difficult.
  • The biopsy showed proliferation of malignant spindle cells in the dermis.
  • Intracytoplasmic vacuoles were recognized in the malignant tumor cells in some places.
  • Immunohistochemically, the malignant spindle cells were positive for factor VIII-related antigen (F-VIII-RA), Ulex lectin, CD31, CD34, vimentin, p53 protein.
  • A pathologic diagnosis of angiosarcoma of the scalp was made.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Scalp / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20606736.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-2625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Clin Exp Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2897108
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CD31 / CD34 / Cutaneous angiosarcoma / Ulex lectin / for factor VIII-related antigen (F-VIII-RA) / p53 protein / scalp / vimentin
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3. de Giorgi V, Santi R, Grazzini M, Papi F, Gori A, Rossari S, Massi D, Lotti T: Synchronous angiosarcoma, melanoma and morphea of the breast skin 14 years after radiotherapy for mammary carcinoma. Acta Derm Venereol; 2010 May;90(3):283-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Synchronous angiosarcoma, melanoma and morphea of the breast skin 14 years after radiotherapy for mammary carcinoma.
  • We describe here the case of a 68-year-old woman who developed synchronous cutaneous angiosarcoma, melanoma and morphea of the breast skin and the local area, 14 years after radiotherapy for breast carcinoma.
  • Given the risk of post-radiation secondary primaries in breast cancer patients, long-term surveillance is necessary, with particular attention being paid to skin changes in the irradiation field.
  • Radiation-induced morphea is a rare complication in which immunological abnormalities may stimulate malignant transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Carcinoma / radiotherapy. Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Melanoma / etiology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / etiology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / etiology. Scleroderma, Localized / etiology. Skin Neoplasms / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Radiotherapy / adverse effects. Skin / pathology. Skin / radiation effects. Time Factors


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4. Jowett AJ, Parvin SD: Angiosarcoma in an area of lipodermatosclerosis. Ann R Coll Surg Engl; 2008 Jul;90(5):W15-6
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  • [Title] Angiosarcoma in an area of lipodermatosclerosis.
  • An area within this broke down as a result of an angiosarcoma rather than the more probable: formation of a venous ulcer.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Leg Ulcer / complications. Skin Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 18634723.001).
  • [ISSN] 1478-7083
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann R Coll Surg Engl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2645745
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5. Vogt T: [Angiosarcoma]. Hautarzt; 2008 Mar;59(3):237-48; quiz 249-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Angiosarcoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiosarkom.
  • Angiosarcoma favors superficial soft tissues and skin (60%) with a clear predilection for the head and neck region.
  • The average age of the patients presenting with cutaneous angiosarcomas is around 70 years with a peak incidence in the 8th decade.
  • Secondary angiosarcoma after tissue-conserving radiation therapy for carcinoma of the breast represents an increasing problem, both the differentiation between atypical vascular lesions and true aggressive angiosarcoma and the therapy are challenging.
  • The prognosis for angiosarcoma patients is gloomy despite all therapeutic efforts.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / therapy. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18273583.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1173
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hautarzt
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 27
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6. Rodríguez-Bujaldón A, Vázquez-Bayo MC, Galán-Gutiérrez M, Jiménez-Puya R, Vélez García-Nieto A, Moreno-Giménez JC, Vidal-Jiménez A, Barroso-Casamitjana E: [Angiosarcoma in chronic lymphedema]. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2006 Oct;97(8):525-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Angiosarcoma in chronic lymphedema].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiosarcoma sobre linfedema crónico.
  • Angiosarcoma that develops on a limb with chronic lymphedema is called Stewart-Treves syndrome.
  • The first corresponds to a typical syndrome of Stewart-Treves in an 83-year-old woman who was diagnosed of angiosarcoma in a chronic lymphedema territory secondary to mastectomy and radiotherapy due to breast cancer.
  • The second case is much rarer, since it is a case of diffuse angiosarcoma of the leg in a 42-year-old man with a history of lymphedema.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Lymphedema / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Arm. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Doxorubicin / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Ifosfamide / administration & dosage. Ifosfamide / therapeutic use. Immunohistochemistry. Leg. Male. Skin / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy. Skin Neoplasms / etiology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17067532.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7310
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliográficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; UM20QQM95Y / Ifosfamide
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7. Kunkel T, Mylonas I, Mayr D, Friese K, Sommer HL: Recurrence of secondary angiosarcoma in a patient with post-radiated breast for breast cancer. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2008 Nov;278(5):497-501
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recurrence of secondary angiosarcoma in a patient with post-radiated breast for breast cancer.
  • INTRODUCTION: Angiosarcoma of the breast is a rare finding.
  • Two different subtypes of angiosarcomas have been described: (a) the Stewart-Treves syndrome and (b) the cutaneous post-radiation angiosarcoma.
  • We report a case where both types of angiosarcoma occurred.
  • CASE REPORT: At first, an angiosarcoma affecting parenchyma of the breast was observed after radiotherapy following breast conserving therapy and a history of lymphoedema of the radiated area.
  • Additionally, a subsequent local recurrence of the angiosarcoma of the skin after mastectomy and complete resection of the primary angiosarcoma was diagnosed.
  • Patients should be pointed to this possible complication of radiotherapy and transferred to seek medical advice immediately in case of skin lesion in the irradiated area: even many years after radiotherapy.
  • Additionally, every oncologist should be aware of this rare complication as quick diagnosis and prompt surgical treatment is indispensable due to the aggressive entity of angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / therapy. Hemangiosarcoma / therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy. Skin Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18305948.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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8. Al-Enezi M, Brassard A: Chronic venous ulceration with associated angiosarcoma. J Dermatol Case Rep; 2009 Apr 5;3(1):8-10

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chronic venous ulceration with associated angiosarcoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma is a malignant tumor of the blood vessels' endothelial lining.
  • MAIN OBSERVATION: We present a patient with a chronic venous ulceration who developed angiosarcoma of the ulcerated leg with good outcome after treatment.
  • In addition to squamous cell carcinoma (Marjolin's tumor), which is most common, angiosarcoma can develop within a venous ulcer.

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  • (PMID = 21886720.001).
  • [ISSN] 1898-7249
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of dermatological case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Dermatol Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3157788
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; CD31 / Ulex europaeus / angiosarcoma / pathology / skin / ulcer
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9. Le Corre Y, Avenel-Audran M, Croué A, Steff M, Verret JL: [Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the leg without lymphoedema]. Ann Dermatol Venereol; 2008 Jun-Jul;135(6-7):488-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the leg without lymphoedema].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiosarcome cutané de jambe sans lymphoedème associé.
  • BACKGROUND: Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare aggressive vascular neoplasm with a poor prognosis, seen chiefly in elderly subjects and usually on the scalp or face.
  • Histological examination showed vascular channels lined with atypical cells consistent with a diagnosis of angiosarcoma.
  • DISCUSSION: The leg is a rare site of cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma. Leg. Skin Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Amputation. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Skin / pathology. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18598799.001).
  • [ISSN] 0151-9638
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de dermatologie et de vénéréologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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10. Peramiquel L, Barnadas MA, Sancho J, Curell R, Alonso MC, Fuentes MJ, Pernas S, Gómez A, Alomar A: [Angiosarcoma in an irradiated breast: a case description]. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2005 Nov;96(9):602-6
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  • [Title] [Angiosarcoma in an irradiated breast: a case description].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiosarcoma en mama irradiada: descripción de un caso.
  • Post-radiotherapy cutaneous angiosarcomas have been described in different locations, including the breast.
  • We present a case of cutaneous angiosarcoma of the breast, diagnosed 6 years after a carcinoma of the breast had been treated with radiation.
  • The histology of the skin biopsies showed angiomatous proliferation throughout the entire dermis, with no cellular atypia.
  • Considering the patient's symptoms, history and the changes observed via mammography, it was decided to completely excise the lesion followed by a simple mastectomy, with the diagnosis of angiosarcoma being confirmed.
  • Despite this fact, two years and one month later, the angiosarcoma recurred on the internal area of the mastectomy scar.
  • This complication usually appears 5-10 years after treatment with radiotherapy, so angiosarcoma should be ruled out if any angiomatous lesions later appear on skin that had been irradiated.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / etiology. Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / radiotherapy. Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / etiology. Skin Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16476306.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7310
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliográficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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11. Catena F, Santini D, Di Saverio S, Laneve A, Ansaloni L, Fogacci T, Gagliardi S, Gazzotti F, Guidi G, De Cataldis A, Taffurelli M: Skin angiosarcoma arising in an irradiated breast: case-report and literature review. Dermatol Surg; 2006 Mar;32(3):447-55
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  • [Title] Skin angiosarcoma arising in an irradiated breast: case-report and literature review.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma (AS) is a rare, invasive malignancy originating from endothelial cells caused by many different clinical situations.
  • She presented with a one-month history or red papular skin eruptions on the operated breast.
  • Skin lesions were submitted for biopsy, and they were positive for AS.
  • CONCLUSION: Post-radiotherapy AS is rare neoplasm, but it should be considered in the case of patients with red lesions after breast conserving surgery and adjuvant radiotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / radiotherapy. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16640696.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-0512
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 74
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12. Hanasono MM, Osborne MP, Dielubanza EJ, Peters SB, Gayle LB: Radiation-induced angiosarcoma after mastectomy and TRAM flap breast reconstruction. Ann Plast Surg; 2005 Feb;54(2):211-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Radiation-induced angiosarcoma after mastectomy and TRAM flap breast reconstruction.
  • Radiation-induced angiosarcoma of the breast is being reported with increasing frequency as a result of the increased use of radiation therapy in conjunction with breast conservation surgery.
  • The authors present a case of angiosarcoma occurring in a patient 6 years after undergoing mastectomy for invasive duct carcinoma with immediate transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap reconstruction followed by postoperative radiation therapy.
  • The diagnosis of angiosarcoma was made by skin biopsy performed by the patient's reconstructive surgeon on routine follow-up examination.
  • This is the first reported case of postradiation angiosarcoma occurring in a postmastectomy breast reconstructed with autogenous tissue and it is unusual in that the cancer invaded the musculocutaneous flap.
  • Diagnosis and management recommendations for radiation-induced angiosarcoma are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / surgery. Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Mastectomy, Modified Radical. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15655476.001).
  • [ISSN] 0148-7043
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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13. Di Tommaso L, Rosai J: The capillary lobule: a deceptively benign feature of post-radiation angiosarcoma of the skin: report of three cases. Am J Dermatopathol; 2005 Aug;27(4):301-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The capillary lobule: a deceptively benign feature of post-radiation angiosarcoma of the skin: report of three cases.
  • Three cases are presented of a proliferative vascular lesion of the skin developing in the chest wall of women who had received radiation therapy for breast carcinoma.
  • All 3 lesions were characterized microscopically by the presence of the so-called capillary lobule, a formation generally regarded as a sign of benignancy but that in this setting proved to be a forerunner or indicator of angiosarcoma (malignant hemangioendothelioma).
  • Therefore, the detection of capillary lobules in irradiated skin ought to be regarded with great suspicion, and other morphologic signs suggestive of angiosarcoma should be sought in the specimen.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Dermatopathol. 2006 Aug;28(4):376 [16871048.001]
  • (PMID = 16121049.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Ordoñez-Escalante KG, Mantilla-Morales A, Gallegos F: [Nasal cavity angiosarcoma: a case report and literature review]. Gac Med Mex; 2006 Mar-Apr;142(2):155-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Nasal cavity angiosarcoma: a case report and literature review].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiosarcoma de cavidad nasal: informe de un caso y revisión de la literatura.
  • Angiosarcomas comprise 2% of all soft tissue tumors, 60% appear in skin and soft tissue, 50% in the head and neck and only 4% are present in the upper aerodigestive tract.
  • The histopathologic diagnosis was angiosarcoma.
  • Agiosarcomas of the upper aerodigestive tract have a better prognosis and long term survival free of disease than their soft tissue and skin counterparts.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Nasal Cavity. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16711550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-3813
  • [Journal-full-title] Gaceta médica de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gac Med Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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15. Mendenhall WM, Mendenhall CM, Werning JW, Reith JD, Mendenhall NP: Cutaneous angiosarcoma. Am J Clin Oncol; 2006 Oct;29(5):524-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To discuss the treatment and outcomes for cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • RESULTS: Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare, aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis.
  • Although the optimal treatment is surgery followed by wide-field radiotherapy (RT), the disease is frequently so extensive at diagnosis that it is not completely resectable.
  • CONCLUSION: Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare, aggressive malignancy that is optimally treated with resection and wide-field postoperative RT.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / therapy. Skin Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17023791.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-453X
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 27
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16. Ortiz Mendoza CM: [Recurrent breast haematoma after fine needle aspiration biopsy of angiosarcoma]. Ginecol Obstet Mex; 2007 Mar;75(3):164-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Recurrent breast haematoma after fine needle aspiration biopsy of angiosarcoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Hematoma mamario recidivante posterior a la biopsia por aspiración con aguja delgada en un angiosarcoma.
  • It is reported a rare complication after a fine needle aspiration biopsy of a breast angiosarcoma.
  • A fine needle aspiration biopsy was carried out for diagnosis, but only blood was report.
  • After the biopsy the skin showed a violaceous color, the lump was tender, reappeared in three instances and increased its size (15 cm).
  • Four months later a recurrence presented, and a new excision was carried out with a resulting moderately differentiated angiosarcoma, then a simple mastectomy was performed for definitive treatment.
  • A recurrent haematoma after a fine needle aspiration biopsy of a breast tumor mandates to rule out an angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle / adverse effects. Breast / injuries. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Hematoma / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17547091.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9041
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginecología y obstetricia de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginecol Obstet Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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17. Bacchi CE, Silva TR, Zambrano E, Plaza J, Suster S, Luzar B, Lamovec J, Pizzolitto S, Falconieri G: Epithelioid angiosarcoma of the skin: a study of 18 cases with emphasis on its clinicopathologic spectrum and unusual morphologic features. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Sep;34(9):1334-43
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  • [Title] Epithelioid angiosarcoma of the skin: a study of 18 cases with emphasis on its clinicopathologic spectrum and unusual morphologic features.
  • We report 18 cases of cutaneous angiosarcoma with predominant or exclusive epithelioid morphology.
  • In elderly patients scalp or facial lesions and cutaneous lesions arising within irradiated breast skin predominated.
  • Our data show that epithelioid cutaneous angiosarcoma may have a broad morphological spectrum, raising interpretive challenges on microscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20697249.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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18. Sparsa A, Liozon E, Wechsler J, Soria P, Delage-Core M, Loustaud V, Bedane C, Bonnetblanc JM, Vidal E: Aortic angiosarcoma clinically mimicking polyarteritis nodosa. Scand J Rheumatol; 2006 May-Jun;35(3):237-40
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  • [Title] Aortic angiosarcoma clinically mimicking polyarteritis nodosa.
  • We report two patients in whom angiosarcoma of the aorta (ASA) with distal emboli and skin metastases was initially clinically misdiagnosed as polyarteritis nodosa (PAN).
  • Both presented with features highly suggestive of systemic necrotizing vasculitis, including constitutional symptoms, orchitis (in one), leg pain with sensory neuropathy, livedo, focal areas of skin necrosis, painful cutaneous nodules demonstrating vasculitis or inconspicuous changes on biopsy, raised acute phase reactants, and transient improvement with systemic corticosteroids.
  • Repeated skin biopsies revealed an atypical endovascular cell proliferation with strong reactivity for factor VIII.
  • [MeSH-major] Aortic Diseases / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Polyarteritis Nodosa / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplastic Cells, Circulating. Skin Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 16766373.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9742
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of rheumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Rheumatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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19. Glazebrook KN, Magut MJ, Reynolds C: Angiosarcoma of the breast. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2008 Feb;190(2):533-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma of the breast.
  • CONCLUSION: With the increasing use of breast conservation therapy for breast cancer, reports of postirradiation angiosarcoma have increased.
  • Both primary and secondary angiosarcomas may present with bruiselike skin discoloration, which may delay the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Image Enhancement / methods

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  • (PMID = 18212243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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20. Lucas DR: Angiosarcoma, radiation-associated angiosarcoma, and atypical vascular lesion. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2009 Nov;133(11):1804-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma, radiation-associated angiosarcoma, and atypical vascular lesion.
  • Angiosarcoma, one of the least common sarcomas, has become increasingly important because of its association with radiation therapy, especially for breast cancer.
  • Most are sporadic, presenting as cutaneous tumors in the scalp/face of elderly patients.
  • However, angiosarcoma has a wide anatomic distribution including soft tissue, visceral organ, and osseous locations.
  • Radiation-associated angiosarcoma typically presents as a cutaneous tumor several years posttherapy.
  • The latency for radiation-associated mammary angiosarcoma is relatively short, sometimes less than 3 years.
  • Atypical vascular lesion refers to a small, usually lymphatic-type vascular proliferation in radiated skin.
  • Although most atypical vascular lesions pursue a benign course, they recur and very rarely progress to angiosarcoma.
  • Distinguishing this lesion from well-differentiated angiosarcoma in a biopsy can be challenging, especially because areas indistinguishable from atypical vascular lesion are found adjacent to angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Vascular Diseases / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Female. Humans. Skin / blood supply

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  • (PMID = 19886715.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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21. Wiwatwongwana D, White VA, Dolman PJ: Two cases of periocular cutaneous angiosarcoma. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2010 Sep-Oct;26(5):365-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Two cases of periocular cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • Angiosarcoma is a rare malignancy with only 8 previous reports of eyelid involvement.
  • Although wide surgical margins were obtained and adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy was undertaken, one patient had died from distant metastasis, while the second had distant cutaneous recurrences within 1 year.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2012 Sep-Oct;28(5):386-7; author reply 387 [22965021.001]
  • (PMID = 20856078.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2677
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Gkalpakiotis S, Arenberger P, Vohradnikova O, Arenbergerova M: Successful radiotherapy of facial angiosarcoma. Int J Dermatol; 2008 Nov;47(11):1190-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Successful radiotherapy of facial angiosarcoma.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the face and scalp is a rare malignant vascular tumor that affects mostly Caucasian elderly males.
  • At present, connections concerning the etiology of this neoplasm with radiation therapy, exposure to environmental carcinogens and chronic lymphedema have been described.
  • Due to the difficult histologic evaluation, high local recurrence and tendency to early metastasing, angiosarcoma poses generally a very poor prognosis.
  • We report the case of an 80-year-old patient who experienced successful removal of large, exophytic growing angiosarcoma of the face achieved with radiotherapy with long-term relapse-free survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / radiotherapy. Nose Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Skin Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 18986458.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-4632
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Al Ali J, Ko HH, Owen D, Steinbrecher UP: Epithelioid angiosarcoma of the small bowel. Gastrointest Endosc; 2006 Dec;64(6):1018-21

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epithelioid angiosarcoma of the small bowel.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma is a rare soft-tissue neoplasm that occurs most often in the skin and the subcutaneous tissues but very rarely in the GI tract.
  • DESIGN: We report a case of multifocal epithelioid angiosarcoma involving skin and bowel and review the 18 previously reported cases of epithelioid intestinal angiosarcoma.
  • Two small blue-black nodules were present on the skin.
  • Biopsy specimens of skin and duodenal nodules showed epithelioid angiosarcoma.
  • RESULTS: The intestinal nodules were treated with argon plasma coagulation, but the patient died 6 weeks after diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The survival rate of intestinal angiosarcoma is poor, and most cases progress rapidly, with a 2-month median survival after diagnosis.
  • Further studies are needed to establish the role of adjuvant radiation or chemotherapy in the treatment of angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Intestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Intestine, Small
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17140922.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Salameh F, Henig I, Bar-Shalom R, Maza I: Metastatic angiosarcoma of the scalp causing Kasabach-Merritt syndrome. Am J Med Sci; 2007 May;333(5):293-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Metastatic angiosarcoma of the scalp causing Kasabach-Merritt syndrome.
  • We report a case of thrombocytopenia caused by Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) in a 69-year-old man with a metastatic angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • A review of the literature revealed that only 4 cases of KMS associated with angiosarcoma have been previously reported.
  • This is the first case of thrombocytopenia caused by KMS associated with small metastatic lesions of angiosarcoma that developed after the primary lesion has been completely removed.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms. Hemangioma, Capillary / complications. Hemangiosarcoma / secondary. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms. Thrombocytopenia / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Metastasis. Syndrome

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  • (PMID = 17505172.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9629
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of the medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Hirotsune N, Terada K, Meguro T, Nishino S, Asano T, Manabe T, Toi Y: [Superselective feeder embolization for hemorrhage from cutaneous angiosarcoma in scalp]. No Shinkei Geka; 2005 Oct;33(10):995-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Superselective feeder embolization for hemorrhage from cutaneous angiosarcoma in scalp].
  • The diagnosis of angiosarcoma was confirmed histologically.
  • The early diagnosis by neurosurgeon may lead to improved survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Embolization, Therapeutic / methods. Hemangiosarcoma / complications. Hemorrhage / therapy. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 16223178.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-2603
  • [Journal-full-title] No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] No Shinkei Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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26. Tsolakis I, Lampropoulos G, Zolota V, Papadoulas S, Christeas N: Aortic angiosarcoma with cutaneous metastases. Vascular; 2009 May-Jun;17(3):176-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Aortic angiosarcoma with cutaneous metastases.
  • The diagnosis of aortic angiosarcoma is usually confirmed by postoperative histopathologic examination or postmortem study.
  • We present a case of primary aortic angiosarcoma presenting with intermittent claudication and radiologic findings of aortoiliac atherosclerotic disease treated initially with stenting; lower extremity embolic skin metastases developed during follow-up that prompted resection of the aortic bifurcation and restoration of the arterial continuity with a bypass.
  • [MeSH-major] Aortic Diseases / diagnostic imaging. Foot Diseases / etiology. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnostic imaging. Skin Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 19476753.001).
  • [ISSN] 1708-5381
  • [Journal-full-title] Vascular
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vascular
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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27. Lahat G, Dhuka AR, Lahat S, Smith KD, Pollock RE, Hunt KK, Ravi V, Lazar AJ, Lev D: Outcome of locally recurrent and metastatic angiosarcoma. Ann Surg Oncol; 2009 Sep;16(9):2502-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Outcome of locally recurrent and metastatic angiosarcoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma (AS) is a rare soft tissue sarcoma with an enhanced propensity for local and systemic failure.
  • RESULTS: Forty-four patients were treated for locally recurrent AS; the majority (59%) were <or=5 cm; the most common sites were skin (48%) and breast (32%).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Hemangiosarcoma / secondary. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Radiotherapy Dosage. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19551444.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Brightman LA, Demierre MF, Byers HR: Macrophage-rich epithelioid angiosarcoma mimicking malignant melanoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2006 Jan;33(1):38-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Macrophage-rich epithelioid angiosarcoma mimicking malignant melanoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Cutaneous epithelioid angiosarcoma is a type of cutaneous angiosarcoma and usually arise both on the head or neck of the elderly.
  • CASE REPORT: An 86-year-old male with an epithelioid angiosarcoma of the scalp that mimicked malignant melanoma.
  • RESULTS: A large irregular dark grey-blue plaque with an adjacent speckled tan nodule was suggestive of a primary cutaneous malignant melanoma with adjacent in-transit metastasis.
  • The malignant tumor cells were negative for HMB-45, positive for CD31 and Factor VIII-related antigen, and focally positive for CD34.
  • A focus of infiltrative, classical angiosarcoma with irregular vascular channels lined with plump, anaplastic endothelial cells was then found deep to the epithelioid tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Macrophage-rich epithelioid angiosarcoma demonstrates abundant S-100 protein-positive epithelioid macrophages.
  • This subset of epithelioid angiosarcoma may mimic malignant melanoma and may present as a pitfall in diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Macrophages / pathology. Melanoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. S100 Proteins / analysis. Scalp. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16441410.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / Vimentin
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29. Danz B, Hellmann A, Stadie V, Dunst J, Richter C, Marsch WCh, Helmbold P: Radiotherapy in multilocalized lymphedema-associated angiosarcoma. Eur J Dermatol; 2005 Nov-Dec;15(6):474-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Radiotherapy in multilocalized lymphedema-associated angiosarcoma.
  • We report an 80-year-old woman, suffering from a recurrence of a multilocalized lymphedema-associated angiosarcoma of the right arm.
  • In the tumor periphery, pathological endothelial cell proliferates on pre-existing dilated lymphatic capillaries were detectable, which, together with immunohistology (CD 31+/Desmoplakin-1-2.17+/CD 34-), supported the diagnosis of lymphangiosarcoma.
  • Further studies should elucidate the suitability of radio monotherapy as first-line therapy in lymphedema-associated angiosarcoma with lymphatic endothelium-like immunohistology.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / complications. Hemangiosarcoma / radiotherapy. Lymphedema / complications. Skin Neoplasms / complications. Skin Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 16280302.001).
  • [ISSN] 1167-1122
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of dermatology : EJD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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30. Tatsas AD, Keedy VL, Florell SR, Simpson JF, Coffin CM, Kelley MC, Cates JM: Foamy cell angiosarcoma: a rare and deceptively bland variant of cutaneous angiosarcoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2010 Aug;37(8):901-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Foamy cell angiosarcoma: a rare and deceptively bland variant of cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma can sometimes mimic other benign and malignant lesions, thereby presenting a difficult differential diagnosis.
  • In the two cases of cutaneous angiosarcoma presented herein, extensive foamy cell alteration of tumor cells resembled a reactive xanthogranulomatous process.
  • Foamy cell angiosarcoma is an unusual and deceptively benign morphologic variant of cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • Critical features for diagnosis include the presence of a deep, permeative, sometimes 'scaffolding' growth pattern and subtle areas of vascular formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Foam Cells / pathology. Granuloma / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Xanthomatosis / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Forehead / pathology. Humans. Male. Shoulder / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20175826.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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31. Requena L, Santonja C, Stutz N, Kaddu S, Weenig RH, Kutzner H, Menzel T, Cerroni L: Pseudolymphomatous cutaneous angiosarcoma: a rare variant of cutaneous angiosarcoma readily mistaken for cutaneous lymphoma. Am J Dermatopathol; 2007 Aug;29(4):342-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pseudolymphomatous cutaneous angiosarcoma: a rare variant of cutaneous angiosarcoma readily mistaken for cutaneous lymphoma.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is probably the most malignant neoplasm involving the skin.
  • Three clinical variants of cutaneous angiosarcoma are recognized, including angiosarcoma of the scalp and face of elderly patients, angiosarcoma associated with chronic lymphedema, and postirradiation angiosarcoma.
  • Histopathologically, these three variants of angiosarcoma show similar features, which consist of poorly circumscribed, irregularly dilated, and anastomosing vascular channels lined by prominent endothelial cells that dissect through the dermis.
  • In rare instances, cutaneous angiosarcomas may exhibit prominent inflammatory infiltrate, and the neoplasm may be mistaken for an inflammatory process, both from clinical and histopathologic points of view.
  • We describe four examples of cutaneous angiosarcomas with dense lymphocytic infiltrates involving the neoplasm.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma with prominent lymphocytic infiltrate may be readily mistaken for cutaneous follicle center cell lymphoma or cutaneous pseudolymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Lymphoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Endothelial Cells / pathology. Endothelium, Vascular / pathology. Facial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Lymphocytes / pathology. Lymphoma, Follicular / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology. Pseudolymphoma / diagnosis. Scalp / pathology. Skin Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17667166.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Chopra S, Ors F, Bergin D: MRI of angiosarcoma associated with chronic lymphoedema: Stewart Treves syndrome. Br J Radiol; 2007 Dec;80(960):e310-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] MRI of angiosarcoma associated with chronic lymphoedema: Stewart Treves syndrome.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare complication of a chronic lymphedematous extremity (Stewart-Treves syndrome).
  • MRI revealed a lobulated cutaneous mass of intermediate signal on T(1) weighted imaging, and low signal on T(2) weighted imaging, with diffuse enhancement following contrast.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Lymphedema / complications. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18065640.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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33. Gambassi G, Semeraro R, Suma V, Sebastio A, Incalzi RA: Aggressive behavior of classical Kaposi's sarcoma and coexistence with angiosarcoma. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci; 2005 Apr;60(4):520-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Aggressive behavior of classical Kaposi's sarcoma and coexistence with angiosarcoma.
  • Histology allowed a diagnosis of the classical form of Kaposi's sarcoma; the serology test result for HIV was negative, whereas the associated human herpes virus type 8 was detected by polymerase chain reaction on the skin sample.
  • Over the subsequent 6 months, skin lesions become vegetative and partially necrotic, and extended to the hands and eyelids.
  • Chemotherapy with vinblastine appeared to stabilize the cutaneous disease, but the patient developed a massive gastrointestinal hemorrhage secondary to dissemination to the stomach.
  • Twelve months after the onset of the disease, vegetative and easily bleeding lesions progressively occluded the mouth of the patient: histological features were consistent with a low-grade angiosarcoma distinct from that of Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • This case illustrates that, even in its classical form, Kaposi's sarcoma may be a malignant, rapidly progressing tumor.
  • LEARNING POINTS: a) The extent and rate of spread of initial skin lesions should be considered to be early signs of aggressive dissemination, even in the absence of other variables (i.e., histological pattern, human herpes virus type 8 positive mononuclear cells) associated with progression of the disease.
  • c) When classical Kaposi's sarcoma displays aggressive behavior a second, primary malignant tumor arising from the vascular tissue should be investigated.
  • TAKE-HOME MESSAGE: Even in its classical form, Kaposi's sarcoma may be a malignant, rapidly progressing tumor with visceral involvement; also, a second malignancy may occur in nearly one patient of four.
  • Because localized skin lesions can regress completely with radiotherapy, watchful waiting is probably inappropriate in most cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Foot Diseases / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Palatal Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Fatal Outcome. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 15933395.001).
  • [ISSN] 1079-5006
  • [Journal-full-title] The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Chen TJ, Chiou CC, Chen CH, Kuo TT, Hong HS: Metastasis of mediastinal epithelioid angiosarcoma to the finger. Am J Clin Dermatol; 2008;9(3):181-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Metastasis of mediastinal epithelioid angiosarcoma to the finger.
  • Epithelioid angiosarcoma (EA) is a rare malignant, vascular tumor that is usually observed in middle-aged and elderly males.
  • Cutaneous metastasis of EA is extremely rare.
  • The skin biopsy specimen revealed metastatic EA.
  • Whenever a patient has metastatic disease, acrometastases should be considered in the differential diagnosis of inflammatory lesions of the digits and a skin biopsy should be performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Fingers / pathology. Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid / secondary. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 18429648.001).
  • [ISSN] 1175-0561
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Clin Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
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35. Venkataraman G, Hammadeh R: Report of an angiosarcoma mimic: cutaneous aneurysmal fibrous histiocytoma. APMIS; 2006 Oct;114(10):744-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Report of an angiosarcoma mimic: cutaneous aneurysmal fibrous histiocytoma.
  • It looks strikingly different from the usual cutaneous lesions encountered in clinical dermatology practice.
  • A single report of a cutaneous aneurysmal fibrous histiocytoma in the skin of the back of a 60-year-old male is described with emphasis on the immunostaining pattern and review of the literature.
  • There is a significant potential for confusion of this lesion with other cutaneous lesions, clinically as well as pathologically.
  • In our case, the patient presented with a lesion that clinically resembled a hemangioma, was pathologically interpreted initially to be an angiosarcoma, and finally, the revised pathology was interpreted as an aneurysmal variant of a fibrous histiocytoma.
  • Caution is warranted to avoid misinterpretation of cutaneous fibrohistiocytic tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Benign Fibrous / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aneurysm / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17004978.001).
  • [ISSN] 0903-4641
  • [Journal-full-title] APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] APMIS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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36. Spillane EL, Xia Y, Turiansky GW: Atypical cutaneous presentation of Waldenström macroglobulinemia: an extensive erythematous patch mimicking an angiosarcoma. Cutis; 2008 Jan;81(1):67-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Atypical cutaneous presentation of Waldenström macroglobulinemia: an extensive erythematous patch mimicking an angiosarcoma.
  • Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is an immunoglobulin M-producing lymphoproliferative disorder in elderly individuals.
  • Cutaneous manifestations of WM are rare and typically consist of plaques or nodules.
  • We describe a case of a man with WM who presented with an extensive erythematous patch on the scalp that clinically mimicked an angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Skin / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Scalp / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18306851.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Rozen WM, Mann GB: Angiosarcoma arising in an unirradiated breast with subsequent pituitary metastasis. Clin Breast Cancer; 2007 Oct;7(10):811-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma arising in an unirradiated breast with subsequent pituitary metastasis.
  • Angiosarcoma of the breast is a rare condition with known risk factors.
  • The Stewart-Treves syndrome describes angiosarcoma of the arm or breast in the setting of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) after breast conservation surgery.
  • Angiosarcoma of the breast, in the absence of RT, is rarer still.
  • We present a unique case of angiosarcoma of the breast, diagnosed 6 years after conservative surgery for carcinoma of the breast when no adjuvant RT was given.
  • Chronic postoperative lymphoedema in the breast delayed the investigation of skin changes, with an eventual diagnosis of angiosarcoma.
  • An isolated pituitary metastasis 9 months from the diagnosis, the first such reported case, adds to the complexity of the case.
  • The diagnosis and management of angiosarcoma of the breast is discussed.
  • Angiosarcoma is a rare occurrence after breast conservative surgery.
  • Postoperative lymphoedema can impede early diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / secondary. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18021485.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-8209
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical breast cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Breast Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Chen JL, Mok KT, Tseng HH, Wang BW, Liu SI, Chen CW: Duodenal angiosarcoma: an unusual cause of severe gastrointestinal bleeding. J Chin Med Assoc; 2007 Aug;70(8):352-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Duodenal angiosarcoma: an unusual cause of severe gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • Angiosarcoma is a rare soft-tissue neoplasm that occurs most often in the skin and the subcutaneous tissues but very rarely in the gastrointestinal tract.
  • We report a case of primary intestinal angiosarcoma with severe gastrointestinal bleeding.
  • The pathology was consistent with angiosarcoma of the duodenum.
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenal Neoplasms / complications. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Hemangiosarcoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 17698438.001).
  • [ISSN] 1726-4901
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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39. Suzuki H, Komatsu A, Fujioka Y, Yamashiro K, Takeda H, Hamada T: Angiosarcoma-like metastatic carcinoma of the liver. Pathol Res Pract; 2010 Jul 15;206(7):484-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma-like metastatic carcinoma of the liver.
  • Two cases of metastatic carcinoma strikingly simulating angiosarcoma in the liver are described.
  • She had undergone surgery for skin cancer three years before.
  • Both cases had an angiosarcoma-like appearance macroscopically and microscopically.
  • Angiosarcoma is the most common sarcoma arising in the liver.
  • Thus, metastatic carcinoma, which resembles angiosarcoma, might be mistaken for angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / secondary. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Ureteral Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20097483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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40. Bhardwaj M, Gautam RK, Sharma PK, Kar HK, Magoon N, Sharma A: Angiosarcoma of scalp: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2005 Oct;48(4):497-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma of scalp: a case report.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcomas are rare and constitute less than 1% of all malignant mesenchymal tumours.
  • Most angiosarcomas of skin arise in the following clinical settings: 1. face and scalp of elderly 2. following lymphoedema and 3. post radiation.
  • Histological examination of the biopsy revealed features of an angiosarcoma, which showed imunohistochemical positivity for factor VIII related antigen.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16366109.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / von Willebrand Factor
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41. Lim SY, Pyon JK, Mun GH, Bang SI, Oh KS: Surgical treatment of angiosarcoma of the scalp with superficial parotidectomy. Ann Plast Surg; 2010 Feb;64(2):180-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgical treatment of angiosarcoma of the scalp with superficial parotidectomy.
  • In many series, potential treatment options for patients with scalp angiosarcoma have included surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy.
  • We report our experience of 8 patients presenting angiosarcoma solely of the scalp.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery. Hemangiosarcoma / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Parotid Gland / surgery. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Ann Plast Surg. 2015 Dec;75(6):686 [25785385.001]
  • (PMID = 20098103.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3708
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of plastic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Plast Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Chen SY, Huang CZ, Qian Y, Wu Y, Tu YT: [Clinicopathologic study of 8 cases of poorly differentiated cutaneous angiosarcoma of scalp]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2008 May;37(5):313-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Clinicopathologic study of 8 cases of poorly differentiated cutaneous angiosarcoma of scalp].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the clinical and pathologic characteristics of poorly differentiated cutaneous angiosarcoma of scalp.
  • METHODS: Eight cases of poorly differentiated cutaneous angiosarcoma of scalp were enrolled into this study.
  • Conclusions Angiosarcoma needs to be excluded by histologic examination whenever bruise-like and erythematous lesions occurring on scalp skin of elderly patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD31 / immunology. Antigens, CD34 / immunology. Hemangiosarcoma / immunology. Scalp / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / immunology. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 18956649.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Vimentin
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43. Nakamura M, Tsushima K, Yasuo M, Yamazaki Y, Honda T, Koizumi T, Fujimoto K, Kubo K: Angiosarcoma with sacral origin metastasizing to the lung. Intern Med; 2006;45(15):923-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma with sacral origin metastasizing to the lung.
  • Specimens obtained by video-assisted thoracic surgery revealed angiosarcoma, but the primary site of angiosarcoma could not be detected before autopsy.
  • Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant neoplasm with rapid proliferation and they can arise at any region of the body.
  • It can originate in the skin, soft tissue, liver or heart.
  • Their multicentric and local recurrence easily leads us to misdiagnosis, and we have struggled to reach diagnosis and its origin.
  • Angiosarcoma should be included in the different diagnosis of diffuse pulmonary hemorrhage with multiple lung nodules.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Sacrum / pathology. Spinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16946576.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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44. Candeias CM, Luís I, Ribeiro J, Costa L, de Almeida LS, Gomes MM, Barreto L, Brito-Avô L, Ducla-Soares JL: Extended remission of metastatic epithelioid angiosarcoma of the heart with liposomal doxorubicin. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extended remission of metastatic epithelioid angiosarcoma of the heart with liposomal doxorubicin.
  • Angiosarcoma is the most common primary malignant tumour of the heart.
  • It is a rare and aggressive neoplasm that almost always has a short and fatal evolution.
  • We report the case of a 72-year-old man who presented with painful skin lesions on both hands.
  • The skin biopsy was diagnosed as intravascular metastasis of epithelioid angiosarcoma.

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  • (PMID = 22347886.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3027499
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45. Nord KM, Kandel J, Lefkowitch JH, Lobritto SJ, Morel KD, North PE, Garzon MC: Multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas associated with hepatic angiosarcoma: case report and review of the literature. Pediatrics; 2006 Sep;118(3):e907-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multiple cutaneous infantile hemangiomas associated with hepatic angiosarcoma: case report and review of the literature.
  • Multiple cutaneous hemangiomas can be associated with internal hemangiomas, with the liver being the most common site.
  • Here we report a case of a premature female neonate who presented with cardiac failure at birth and had typical-appearing infantile hemangiomas on the skin in association with vascular lesions in the liver.
  • Her clinical presentation was felt to be consistent with cutaneous and hepatic infantile hemangiomas.
  • Histopathologic evaluation of the liver revealed a diagnosis of type 2 infantile hepatic hemangioendothelioma (regarded as synonymous with angiosarcoma) rather than benign infantile hemangioma of the liver.
  • Subsequent skin biopsies confirmed that her multiple cutaneous lesions were infantile hemangiomas and not metastatic angiosarcoma.
  • We report this case and a review of the literature on pediatric angiosarcoma of the liver associated with cutaneous infantile hemangiomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [ErratumIn] Pediatrics. 2007 Jun;119(6):1271
  • (PMID = 16880251.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-4275
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatrics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 27
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46. Cheshier SH, Bababeygy SR, Higgins D, Parsonnet J, Huhn SL: Cerebral myiasis associated with angiosarcoma of the scalp: case report. Neurosurgery; 2007 Jul;61(1):E167; discussion E167
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cerebral myiasis associated with angiosarcoma of the scalp: case report.
  • Biopsy of the scalp and cranium revealed angiosarcoma, for which operative treatment was refused.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Diseases / parasitology. Brain Diseases / therapy. Myiasis / diagnosis. Myiasis / parasitology. Myiasis / therapy. Scalp / parasitology. Skin Neoplasms / parasitology

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  • (PMID = 17621006.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Bernathova M, Jaschke W, Pechlahner C, Zelger B, Bodner G: Primary angiosarcoma of the breast associated Kasabach-Merritt syndrome during pregnancy. Breast; 2006 Apr;15(2):255-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary angiosarcoma of the breast associated Kasabach-Merritt syndrome during pregnancy.
  • Primary angiosarcoma of the breast is a rare aggressive tumour of unknown etiology.
  • A frequent clinical presentation is a painful palpable smooth mass or diffuse enlargement of the breast without a palpable mass but with purple discolouration of the overlying skin with apparent bruising.
  • An uncommon clinical presentation of an angiosarcoma is spontaneous bleeding due to disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) by consumption coagulopathy, known as the Kasabach-Merritt syndrome.
  • Imaging characteristics of a breast angiosarcoma are limited to a few radiological reports.
  • We report a case of a young pregnant woman with a bleeding angiosarcoma of the breast and associated Kasabach-Merritt syndrome and describe the sonographic and MRI findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Hematologic / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Trimester, Second. Prenatal Diagnosis. Syndrome

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  • (PMID = 16000250.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-9776
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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48. Brenn T, Fletcher CD: Radiation-associated cutaneous atypical vascular lesions and angiosarcoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 42 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Aug;29(8):983-96
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Radiation-associated cutaneous atypical vascular lesions and angiosarcoma: clinicopathologic analysis of 42 cases.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare but well-recognized complication after radiation therapy.
  • A total of 42 cases diagnosed as either radiation-associated cutaneous vascular lesions or angiosarcoma were retrieved from departmental and consultation files from 1995 to 2003.
  • Reasons for radiation included breast carcinoma (35 cases) and a variety of other lesions (mainly malignant disease).
  • The time interval from radiation was significantly shorter for the development of AVL (median, 3.5 years) compared with cutaneous angiosarcoma (median, 6 years).
  • Histologic evaluation revealed 26 lesions meeting criteria for angiosarcoma, ranging from morphologically low-grade to high-grade; 16 cases were classified as AVLs.
  • All patients with systemic relapse had an initial diagnosis of angiosarcoma.
  • One patient with an AVL had a recurrence at the same site, 3 patients developed additional new lesions, and 1 patient developed multiple small papules on the chest wall, which progressed from an AVL to angiosarcoma.
  • This study outlines the morphologic spectrum of radiation-associated cutaneous AVLs.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Skin / blood supply. Skin / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / etiology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 16006792.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Thong PS, Olivo M, Kho KW, Bhuvaneswari R, Chin WW, Ong KW, Soo KC: Immune response against angiosarcoma following lower fluence rate clinical photodynamic therapy. J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol; 2008;27(1):35-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immune response against angiosarcoma following lower fluence rate clinical photodynamic therapy.
  • In this clinical case report, we describe the response of angiosarcoma to PDT carried out using different fluence rates and drug and light doses.
  • A patient with recurrent multifocal angiosarcoma of the head and neck was recruited for PDT.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / drug therapy. Hemangiosarcoma / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Photochemotherapy / methods. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18551894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0731-8898
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of environmental pathology, toxicology and oncology : official organ of the International Society for Environmental Toxicology and Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Environ. Pathol. Toxicol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Photolon; 0 / Photosensitizing Agents; 0 / Protoporphyrins; 9003-39-8 / Povidone
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50. Lazova R, McNiff JM, Glusac EJ, Godic A: Promontory sign--present in patch and plaque stage of angiosarcoma! Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 Apr;31(2):132-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Promontory sign--present in patch and plaque stage of angiosarcoma!
  • Kaposi sarcoma is characterized by a proliferation of irregular jagged vascular channels, which partly surround preexisting blood vessels in some areas.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma (AS) is a malignant vascular neoplasm comprised of a meshwork of anastomosing irregular dilated vessels between collagen bundles and around skin appendages, lined by atypical endothelial cells.
  • We retrieved all cases of cutaneous AS from the files of Yale Dermatopathology Laboratory between 1990 and 2007.
  • The lesions were divided histologically in a patch, plaque, or tumor stage according to the depth of invasion of malignant cells.
  • The presence of promontory sign has not been emphasized in lesions other than Kaposi sarcoma, but seems to be a feature that is not uncommon in patch/plaque stage AS.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermis / pathology. Endothelial Cells / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19318797.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Sadhu S, Pattari S, Shaikh F, Verma R, Roy MK: Colonic metastasis from subcutaneous angiosarcoma: A diagnostic dilemma. Indian J Surg; 2010 Jul;72(Suppl 1):328-30

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Colonic metastasis from subcutaneous angiosarcoma: A diagnostic dilemma.
  • Primary angiosarcoma is an extremely rare and aggressive soft-tissue malignancy of endothelial cell origin that occurs most frequently in the skin and subcutaneous tissues of the extremities.
  • Presence of this disease in the intestine as a primary or metastatic deposit is an extremely uncommon incident, and might causes diagnostic confusion with primary colonic neoplasm.
  • We encountered epithelioid angiosarcoma of the sigmoid colon in a 59-year-old male patient who presented with occasional bleeding per rectum and had also had an angiosarcoma arising from the subcutaneous tissue of the right thigh.
  • Retrospective review of histopathology and immunohistochemistry of the two specimens were helpful in the final diagnosis.

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 1998 Jun;22(6):683-97 [9630175.001]
  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2004 Mar;28(3):298-307 [15104292.001]
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  • (PMID = 23133287.001).
  • [ISSN] 0972-2068
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3451850
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Angiosarcoma / Colonic metastasis
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52. Pan Z, Albertson D, Bhuller A, Wang B, Shehan JM, Sarma DP: Angiosarcoma of the scalp mimicking a sebaceous cyst. Dermatol Online J; 2008;14(6):13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma of the scalp mimicking a sebaceous cyst.
  • Because there was no resolution, a biopsy was performed that revealed a high grade angiosarcoma.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is an extremely aggressive tumor.
  • Therefore early diagnosis and management is crucial in providing better patient care.
  • [MeSH-major] Epidermal Cyst / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Scalp. Scalp Dermatoses / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Drainage. Ear. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Infection / diagnosis. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18713594.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Maeda T, Uchino K, Otani T, Ueda Y: [Cutaneous angiosarcoma with difficulty in differential diagnosis of thrombocytopenia]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2010 Jun;51(6):402-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Cutaneous angiosarcoma with difficulty in differential diagnosis of thrombocytopenia].
  • An 87-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of sustained bleeding from head skin lesions after trauma.
  • Based on the tentative diagnosis of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), immunosuppressive drugs and high-dose immunoglobulin were administered; however, the platelet count did not recover, and was followed by severe DIC, resulting in a fatal outcome due to massive bleeding from the scalp.
  • Histopathological examination of autopsy samples of skin lesions revealed angiosarcoma, suggesting that Kasabach-Merritt syndrome (KMS) complicated with DIC, but not ITP, was the primary cause of thrombocytopenia.
  • Although KMS is commonly accompanied with hemangioma in infants, it is extremely rare in patients with angiosarcoma, which is an uncommon malignant neoplasm.
  • In this case, our correct diagnosis of thrombocytopenia was difficult because of the unusual clinical setting, indicating that careful interpretation of physical, laboratory and pathological examinations is mandatory for correct diagnosis of thrombocytopenia of unknown etiology.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / complications. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / complications. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thrombocytopenia / diagnosis. Thrombocytopenia / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation / etiology. Fatal Outcome. Hemangioma / complications. Humans. Male. Syndrome

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  • (PMID = 20622486.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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54. Moore A, Hendon A, Hester M, Samayoa L: Secondary angiosarcoma of the breast: can imaging findings aid in the diagnosis? Breast J; 2008 May-Jun;14(3):293-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Secondary angiosarcoma of the breast: can imaging findings aid in the diagnosis?
  • We present three cases of secondary angiosarcoma of the breast in the setting of prior breast irradiation.
  • Imaging findings include cutaneous nodules and progressive skin or trabecular thickening in an area of the breast separate from the patient's original breast carcinoma.
  • These imaging findings may enable the radiologist to suggest this diagnosis, even when the clinical presentation is more benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18476885.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4741
  • [Journal-full-title] The breast journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Fonder MA, Douglas DK: Angiosarcoma complicating systemic sclerosis: a case report. Cutis; 2008 Jun;81(6):468-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma complicating systemic sclerosis: a case report.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare malignant vascular tumor with a poor prognosis, most commonly affecting elderly white men.
  • Diagnosis usually is delayed because the tumor has a highly variable and often innocuous presentation.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma has been associated with a number of conditions and factors, including chronic lymphedema, prior radiation therapy, exposure to chemicals, and vascular malformations.
  • We report the case of a 40-year-old black man with systemic sclerosis (SSc) who developed a cutaneous angiosarcoma in an area of sclerodermatous scalp.
  • We propose that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) overexpression in sclerodermatous skin may predispose a patient to the development of vascular tumors, such as angiosarcoma.
  • Because early diagnosis and treatment positively impact survival outcome in patients with angiosarcoma, it is essential that physicians recognize the association of angiosarcoma and SSc and maintain a low threshold for performing a biopsy when suspicious lesions are present on sclerodermatous skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / etiology. Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Scalp. Scleroderma, Systemic / complications. Skin Neoplasms / etiology


56. Pestoni C, Paredes-Suarez C, Peteiro C, Toribio J: Early detection of cutaneous angiosarcoma of the face and scalp and treatment with placitaxel. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2005 May;19(3):357-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Early detection of cutaneous angiosarcoma of the face and scalp and treatment with placitaxel.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma (AS) of the face and scalp of the elderly is a rare malignant tumour with a very poor prognosis.
  • The variable presentation and the benign appearance of the cutaneous AS may often delay the correct diagnosis.
  • We describe a case of an old man who was diagnosed of AS of the face and scalp 1 month after developing the cutaneous lesion.
  • Unfortunately, he developed pulmonary fibrosis and died 6 months after diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / therapeutic use. Facial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Paclitaxel / therapeutic use. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15857466.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9959
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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57. West JG, Weitzel JN, Tao ML, Carpenter M, West JE, Fanning C: BRCA mutations and the risk of angiosarcoma after breast cancer treatment. Clin Breast Cancer; 2008 Dec;8(6):533-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] BRCA mutations and the risk of angiosarcoma after breast cancer treatment.
  • A case history is presented of a BRCA2 carrier who had a postmastectomy chest wall angiosarcoma but had neither therapeutic radiation nor clinically evident lymphedema.
  • The absence of established risk factors led to speculation that the BRCA2 germline mutation could be a causative factor in the development of this patient's angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] BRCA2 Protein / genetics. Breast Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / surgery. Germ-Line Mutation. Hemangiosarcoma / genetics. Neoplasms, Second Primary / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Humans. Mastectomy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 19073510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-8209
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical breast cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Breast Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BRCA2 Protein
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58. Montgomery E, Epstein JI: Anastomosing hemangioma of the genitourinary tract: a lesion mimicking angiosarcoma. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Sep;33(9):1364-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anastomosing hemangioma of the genitourinary tract: a lesion mimicking angiosarcoma.
  • BACKGROUND: We describe 6 cases of a poorly recognized vascular neoplasm that can simulate angiosarcoma.
  • Two (33%) tumors featured prominent extra-medullary hematopoiesis and 2 tumors (33%) had striking hyaline globules reminiscent of those seen in Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • In all but one submitted consultation, the possibility of angiosarcoma had been raised based on the anastomosing vascular pattern.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Anastomosing hemangioma of the genitourinary tract is a rare neoplasm displaying some overlapping features of both sinusoidal hemangioma and hobnail hemangioma of soft tissue and skin.
  • However, in our opinion, it is a unique neoplasm with a proclivity for the kidney.
  • Its anastomosing appearance can lead to concern for angiosarcoma but, despite small numbers and limited follow-up in our series, evidence to date supports that the lesion is benign.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Urogenital Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens, CD31 / analysis. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Factor VIII / analysis. Female. Humans. Kidney Neoplasms / chemistry. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Testicular Neoplasms / chemistry. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19606014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / F8 protein, human; 9001-27-8 / Factor VIII
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59. Penel N, Bui BN, Bay JO, Cupissol D, Ray-Coquard I, Piperno-Neumann S, Kerbrat P, Fournier C, Taieb S, Jimenez M, Isambert N, Peyrade F, Chevreau C, Bompas E, Brain EG, Blay JY: Phase II trial of weekly paclitaxel for unresectable angiosarcoma: the ANGIOTAX Study. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Nov 10;26(32):5269-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase II trial of weekly paclitaxel for unresectable angiosarcoma: the ANGIOTAX Study.
  • PURPOSE: The objective of this phase II trial was to assess the efficacy and toxicity of weekly paclitaxel for patients with metastatic or unresectable angiosarcoma.
  • Three patients with locally advanced breast angiosarcoma presented partial response, which enabled a secondary curative-intent surgery with complete histologic response in two cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / administration & dosage. Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy. Head and Neck Neoplasms / drug therapy. Hemangiosarcoma / drug therapy. Paclitaxel / administration & dosage. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Disease-Free Survival. Drug Administration Schedule. Female. France / epidemiology. Humans. Infusions, Intravenous. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18809609.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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60. Selim A, Khachemoune A, Lockshin NA: Angiosarcoma: a case report and review of the literature. Cutis; 2005 Nov;76(5):313-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Angiosarcoma is an aggressive neoplasm that predominantly affects elderly patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Nose / pathology. Nose / surgery. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

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  • (PMID = 16422466.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 28
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61. Arai E, Shimizu M, Ogawa F, Hirose T, Ohbayashi H, Taguchi S, Tsuchida T: Extravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia of the palm masquerading as an angiosarcoma. J Dermatol; 2008 Apr;35(4):238-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia of the palm masquerading as an angiosarcoma.
  • Cutaneous extravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (PEH) is a rare lesion presenting as a cutaneous mass and histologically mimicking angiosarcoma.
  • To our knowledge, cutaneous extravascular PEH has not yet been reported in the published work.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioendothelioma / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Hand. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18419683.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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62. Gherardi G, Rossi S, Perrone S, Scanni A: Angiosarcoma after breast-conserving therapy: fine-needle aspiration biopsy, immunocytochemistry, and clinicopathologic correlates. Cancer; 2005 Jun 25;105(3):145-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma after breast-conserving therapy: fine-needle aspiration biopsy, immunocytochemistry, and clinicopathologic correlates.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma that arises after breast-conserving therapy can present clinically as a cutaneous and/or subcutaneous breast lump, which is misinterpreted easily as a recurrence of carcinoma.
  • To the authors' knowledge, the role of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology in the early diagnosis of this life-threatening complication of breast carcinoma therapy has not been established fully.
  • METHODS: The authors studied three new patients with this type of secondary angiosarcoma diagnosed by FNA biopsy and immunocytochemistry, reviewed the literature on the topic, and examined relevant differential diagnostic issues.
  • RESULTS: Patients presented with a discrete skin lump that had arisen several years after breast-conservative therapy for early-stage breast carcinoma near the scar from the previous surgery.
  • Immunostaining of smears, however, provided conclusive evidence of the endothelial differentiation of tumor cells, and an FNA diagnosis of angiosarcoma was rendered in all patients.
  • The histopathology of all surgically excised tumors confirmed the diagnosis of high-grade angiosarcoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Based on the authors' experience, the FNA cytologic appearance of angiosarcoma that presented as a breast skin nodule in a breast carcinoma survivor easily could have been misinterpreted as carcinoma.
  • A correct diagnosis of this tumor relies on the proper evaluation of clinical findings and, as also shown by a review of the literature, requires immunocytochemical evidence of endothelial differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / surgery. Hemangiosarcoma / secondary. Mastectomy, Segmental / adverse effects. Skin Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / surgery. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / secondary. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / surgery. Carcinoma, Lobular / secondary. Carcinoma, Lobular / surgery. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Risk Assessment. Sampling Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 15844179.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Kantrow SM, Boyd AS: Primary cutaneous metaplastic carcinoma: report of a case involving angiosarcoma. Am J Dermatopathol; 2007 Jun;29(3):270-3
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  • [Title] Primary cutaneous metaplastic carcinoma: report of a case involving angiosarcoma.
  • Primary cutaneous metaplastic carcinoma is an uncommon cutaneous malignancy comprising a mixture of epithelial and mesenchymal components.
  • The former is most frequently a squamous cell or basal cell carcinoma, and the latter is most typically a pleomorphic sarcoma or atypical fibroxanthoma.
  • We describe the first primary cutaneous metaplastic carcinoma with angiosarcoma as the mesenchymal component arising on the scalp of a 90-year-old woman.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinosarcoma / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17519625.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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64. Isoda H, Imai M, Inagawa S, Miura K, Sakahara H: Magnetic resonance imaging findings of angiosarcoma of the scalp. J Comput Assist Tomogr; 2005 Nov-Dec;29(6):858-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Magnetic resonance imaging findings of angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of angiosarcoma of the scalp retrospectively.
  • METHODS: Eight patients with angiosarcoma of the scalp were included in this study.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance imaging was useful in determining the extent of angiosarcoma of the scalp because it visualized the tumor invasion into surrounding structures that could not be seen on physical inspection.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Scalp / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Observer Variation. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16272865.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-8715
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of computer assisted tomography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Comput Assist Tomogr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Mobini N: Cutaneous epithelioid angiosarcoma: a neoplasm with potential pitfalls in diagnosis. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Mar;36(3):362-9
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  • [Title] Cutaneous epithelioid angiosarcoma: a neoplasm with potential pitfalls in diagnosis.
  • Angiosarcoma (AS) is a rare neoplasm.
  • Cutaneous AS is the most common form of AS.
  • This subset can histologically mimic non-vascular neoplasms and impose serious challenges in reaching the correct diagnosis.
  • We present five patients with cutaneous epithelioid angiosarcoma (EAS); in none, the clinical diagnosis included a vascular lesion.
  • The histopathological examination of the biopsy specimens by hematoxylin and eosin method was not suggestive of a malignant vascular neoplasm initially and the differential diagnoses included carcinoma, malignant melanoma and atypical lymphoid infiltrate.
  • Only after performing immunohistochemical studies that included vascular markers, a definitive diagnosis was possible.
  • Cutaneous EAS is a rare variant of cutaneous AS that can mimic a variety of more common, non-vascular neoplasms, creating a major pitfall in the diagnosis.
  • A careful and thorough histopathological examination and a high index of suspicion, along with appropriate immunohistochemical evaluation, can help reach a correct diagnosis and provide optimal patient care.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Melanoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19220634.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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66. Abraham JA, Hornicek FJ, Kaufman AM, Harmon DC, Springfield DS, Raskin KA, Mankin HJ, Kirsch DG, Rosenberg AE, Nielsen GP, Desphpande V, Suit HD, DeLaney TF, Yoon SS: Treatment and outcome of 82 patients with angiosarcoma. Ann Surg Oncol; 2007 Jun;14(6):1953-67
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment and outcome of 82 patients with angiosarcoma.
  • METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of angiosarcoma treated at our institution between 1980 and 2006 were analyzed for patient demographics, tumor characteristics, multimodality treatment, and outcomes.
  • Tumors were located throughout the body: 32 cutaneous, 22 deep soft tissues or organs, 10 radiation or lymphedema field, 8 bone, and 7 nonirradiated breast.
  • Median survival was just 7.3 months, and cutaneous tumors predicted a better prognosis compared with other sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / surgery. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / surgery. Palliative Care. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / surgery. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17356953.001).
  • [ISSN] 1068-9265
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5K12CA87723-03
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Goto H, Watanuki Y, Miyazawa N, Kudo M, Inoue S, Kobayashi N, Kaneko T, Ishigatsubo Y: [Clinical and pathological analysis of 10 cases of secondary pneumothorax due to angiosarcoma of the scalp]. Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Feb;46(2):85-91
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  • [Title] [Clinical and pathological analysis of 10 cases of secondary pneumothorax due to angiosarcoma of the scalp].
  • Angiosarcoma of the scalp is a very rare disease.
  • In this study, 17 patients of angiosarcoma of the scalp, diagnosed at our hospital between 1996 and 2006, were analyzed.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Pneumothorax / etiology. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18318248.001).
  • [ISSN] 1343-3490
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Kokyūki Gakkai zasshi = the journal of the Japanese Respiratory Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Kokyuki Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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68. Vasanawala MS, Wang Y, Quon A, Gambhir SS: F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT as an imaging tool for staging and restaging cutaneous angiosarcoma of the scalp. Clin Nucl Med; 2006 Sep;31(9):534-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose PET/CT as an imaging tool for staging and restaging cutaneous angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the scalp is a rare highly aggressive malignant tumor that typically afflicts elderly patients and commonly presents with extensive local spread and distant metastasis.
  • Distant metastases favor lung, liver, lymph nodes, and skin.
  • We report the case of a 70-year-old man diagnosed with multifocal angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • PET/CT imaging with F-18 2-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (F-18 FDG) not only showed avid FDG uptake by an angiosarcoma (SUVmax = 10.7), but also simultaneously showed local extension of multifocal lesions with periosteal involvement and excluded metastatic abdominal nodal disease.
  • Evaluation of more cases of this subset of soft tissue sarcoma with FDG PET/CT may suggest a possible role in not only staging angiosarcomas to determine the extent of local as well as distant disease, but also to potentially help determine response to therapy and early recognition of local or distant recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / radionuclide imaging. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Radiopharmaceuticals. Scalp / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 16921276.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-9762
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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69. Gudewer E, Hölzle E, Li L: Widespread cutaneous angiosarcoma of the scalp: diagnosis and soft tissue reconstruction with a combined double-muscle-free flap and split-thickness-skin graft. Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2009 Jun;13(2):95-8
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  • [Title] Widespread cutaneous angiosarcoma of the scalp: diagnosis and soft tissue reconstruction with a combined double-muscle-free flap and split-thickness-skin graft.
  • BACKGROUND: Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare vascular tumor, which is usually located in the head and neck region.
  • CASE REPORT: After three punch biopsies, a 67-year-old patient, who had been healthy so far, was diagnosed with a cutaneous multilocated angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • This flap was covered with split-thickness-skin in a second step.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / surgery. Hemangiosarcoma / surgery. Muscle, Skeletal / transplantation. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Scalp / surgery. Skin Neoplasms / surgery. Skin Transplantation / methods. Surgical Flaps
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy, Needle / methods. Humans. Male. Microsurgery / methods. Neoplasm Staging. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19301046.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-1550
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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70. Clarke LE, Julian KG, Clarke JT, Ioffreda MD: Reactive angioendotheliomatosis in association with a well-differentiated angiosarcoma. Am J Dermatopathol; 2005 Oct;27(5):422-7
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  • [Title] Reactive angioendotheliomatosis in association with a well-differentiated angiosarcoma.
  • She was admitted to the hospital with a presumptive diagnosis of cellulitis, but failed to respond to antibiotics.
  • A biopsy was performed and demonstrated a well-differentiated angiosarcoma arising in conjunction with reactive angioendotheliomatosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangioma / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Skin Diseases / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cellulitis / diagnosis. Cellulitis / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Melanoma / pathology. Melanoma / radiotherapy. Middle Aged. Mixed Connective Tissue Disease / complications. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Peripheral Vascular Diseases / complications


71. Furusawa T, Matsumoto I, Oda M, Yachi T, Miyazu K, Watanabe G, Zen Y, Minato H, Shibata Y, Koda W: [Intractable pneumothorax secondary to pulmonary metastasis of angiosarcoma]. Kyobu Geka; 2008 Aug;61(9):779-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Intractable pneumothorax secondary to pulmonary metastasis of angiosarcoma].
  • He had a previous history of angiosarcoma of the scalp, and had received local resection and chemoradiotherapy.
  • Although surgical resection for pneumothorax secondary to metastatic lung cancer is usually efficient, it is very hard to manage the pneumothorax of metastatic angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / complications. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Pneumothorax / etiology. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18697460.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5252
  • [Journal-full-title] Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kyobu Geka
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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72. Kamo R, Ishina K, Hirata C, Doi K, Nakanishi T, Harada T, Ishii M: A case of ileoileal intussusception caused by metastatic pedunculated tumor of cutaneous angiosarcoma. J Dermatol; 2005 Aug;32(8):638-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of ileoileal intussusception caused by metastatic pedunculated tumor of cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare aggressive vascular tumor that occurs in elderly patients and is usually located on the head and face.
  • There have been no reports of ileoileal intussusception due to metastatic tumor from cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • We reported a case of cutaneous angiosarcoma in a 67-year-old Japanese male accompanied with ileoileal intussusception due to metastatic angiosarcoma.
  • We assume that the metastatic tumor in the small intestine was metastasized hematogeneously from cutaneous angiosarcoma, resulting in the formation of nodules and the rapid growth of a pedunculated tumor as a forerunner of the ileoileal intessusception.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Ileal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Ileal Diseases / etiology. Intussusception / etiology. Male. Scalp

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  • (PMID = 16334863.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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73. DeMartelaere SL, Roberts D, Burgess MA, Morrison WH, Pisters PW, Sturgis EM, Ho V, Esmaeli B: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy-specific and overall treatment outcomes in patients with cutaneous angiosarcoma of the face with periorbital involvement. Head Neck; 2008 May;30(5):639-46
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Neoadjuvant chemotherapy-specific and overall treatment outcomes in patients with cutaneous angiosarcoma of the face with periorbital involvement.
  • BACKGROUND: Recent isolated case reports have suggested a potential role for neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with angiosarcoma.
  • The goal of this report was to investigate the overall treatment outcomes and the neoadjuvant chemotherapy-specific outcomes in patients with cutaneous angiosarcoma of the face with periorbital involvement.
  • METHODS: Our tumor database was searched for patients with angiosarcoma and periorbital involvement seen at our institution between 1981 and 2005.
  • CONCLUSION: On the basis of this series, the authors conclude that neoadjuvant chemotherapy for periorbital angiosarcoma is a potentially attractive option and in some patients may obviate the need for major surgery, thereby preserving the eye and/or ocular adnexal structures.
  • [MeSH-major] Eyelid Neoplasms / therapy. Facial Neoplasms / therapy. Hemangiosarcoma / therapy. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Skin Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 18213722.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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74. Gonne E, Collignon J, Kurth W, Thiry A, Henry F, Jerusalem G, Gennigens C: [Angiosarcoma in chronic lymphoedema: a case of Stewart-Treves syndrome]. Rev Med Liege; 2009 Jul-Aug;64(7-8):409-13
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  • [Title] [Angiosarcoma in chronic lymphoedema: a case of Stewart-Treves syndrome].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiosarcome sur lymphoedème chronique: un cas de syndrome de Stewart-Treves.
  • The Stewart-Treves Syndrome is defined as an angiosarcoma (very aggressive malignant tumor originating from endothelial cells) appearing in a specific clinical setting.
  • The diagnosis relies on medical history, clinical examination and a histological assesment (biopsy or resection).
  • [MeSH-major] Arm / pathology. Lymphangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Lymphedema / complications. Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19777923.001).
  • [ISSN] 0370-629X
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue médicale de Liège
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Liege
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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75. Ohguri T, Imada H, Nomoto S, Yahara K, Hisaoka M, Hashimoto H, Tokura Y, Nakamura K, Shioyama Y, Honda H, Terashima H, Moroi Y, Furue M, Korogi Y: Angiosarcoma of the scalp treated with curative radiotherapy plus recombinant interleukin-2 immunotherapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2005 Apr 1;61(5):1446-53
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  • [Title] Angiosarcoma of the scalp treated with curative radiotherapy plus recombinant interleukin-2 immunotherapy.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of curative radiotherapy (RT) plus recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL-2) immunotherapy regarding the treatment results for angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • Curative resection of angiosarcoma of the scalp is usually difficult because of the diffuse, clinically undetectable local spread.
  • Recently, the effectiveness of immunotherapy with rIL-2 has also been reported in the treatment of angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: The data of 20 patients with angiosarcoma of the scalp treated with curative RT plus rIL-2 immunotherapy between January 1988 and June 2002 were retrospectively analyzed.
  • CONCLUSION: Curative RT plus rIL-2 immunotherapy provided an efficient, effective means of treating angiosarcoma of the scalp.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Head and Neck Neoplasms / therapy. Hemangiosarcoma / therapy. Immunotherapy / methods. Interleukin-2 / therapeutic use. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 15817349.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Interleukin-2; 0 / Recombinant Proteins
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76. Mignogna C, Simonetti S, Galloro G, Magno L, De Cecio R, Insabato L: Duodenal epithelioid angiosarcoma: immunohistochemical and clinical findings. A case report. Tumori; 2007 Nov-Dec;93(6):619-21
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  • [Title] Duodenal epithelioid angiosarcoma: immunohistochemical and clinical findings. A case report.
  • Angiosarcomas are uncommon malignant tumors of vascular endothelium that represent less than 1% of all sarcomas.
  • Angiosarcomas mainly involve skin and soft tissue and rarely occur in breast, liver, bone, and spleen.
  • A duodenal reddish polypoid lesion was found, which on microscopic examination turned out to be an epithelioid angiosarcoma.
  • The immunohistochemical features of the lesion supported this diagnosis.
  • The patient died eight months after the diagnosis.
  • Epithelioid angiosarcoma is an aggressive variant of angiosarcoma and must be considered in the differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Duodenal Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangioendothelioma, Epithelioid / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18338501.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-8916
  • [Journal-full-title] Tumori
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tumori
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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77. Nakamura R, Nagashima T, Sakakibara M, Nakano S, Tanabe N, Fujimoto H, Arai M, Kadowaki M, Oide T, Tanizawa T, Miyazaki M: Angiosarcoma arising in the breast following breast-conserving surgery with radiation for breast carcinoma. Breast Cancer; 2007;14(2):245-9
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  • [Title] Angiosarcoma arising in the breast following breast-conserving surgery with radiation for breast carcinoma.
  • We report a case of angiosarcoma arising in the breast following breast-conserving surgery with radiation therapy for breast carcinoma.
  • She presented with skin erosion with bleeding 10 years after the initial operation.
  • Incisional biopsy revealed angiosarcoma of the breast, and total mastectomy was subsequently performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Mastectomy, Segmental. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17485913.001).
  • [ISSN] 1340-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast cancer (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators; 094ZI81Y45 / Tamoxifen
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78. Chen W, Shih CS, Wang YT, Tseng GC, Hsu WH: Angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis presenting with spontaneous bilateral pneumothorax in an elderly man. J Formos Med Assoc; 2006 Mar;105(3):238-41
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  • [Title] Angiosarcoma with pulmonary metastasis presenting with spontaneous bilateral pneumothorax in an elderly man.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare and invasive endothelial-derived sarcoma that occurs most frequently in the scalp and facial skin of elderly men.
  • We report a case of angiosarcoma of the scalp with cystic metastasis to the lung in a 63-year-old man, presenting as recurrent bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax.
  • Pneumothorax in the elderly should be differentiated from malignant metastatic lung tumors.

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  • (PMID = 16520841.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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79. Schindera ST, Streit M, Kaelin U, Stauffer E, Steinbach L, Anderson SE: Stewart-Treves syndrome: MR imaging of a postmastectomy upper-limb chronic lymphedema with angiosarcoma. Skeletal Radiol; 2005 Mar;34(3):156-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Stewart-Treves syndrome: MR imaging of a postmastectomy upper-limb chronic lymphedema with angiosarcoma.
  • The rare occurrence of angiosarcoma in postmastectomy upper-limb lymphedema with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is discussed.
  • Unfamiliarity with this aggressive vascular tumor and its harmless appearance often leads to delayed diagnosis.
  • Angiosarcoma complicating chronic lymphedema may be low in signal intensity on T2-weighting and short tau inversion recovery (STIR) imaging reflecting the densely cellular, fibrous stroma, and sparsely vascularized tumor histology.
  • Awareness of angiosarcoma and its MR imaging appearance in patients with chronic lymphedema may be a key to early diagnosis or allow at least inclusion in the differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Lymphedema / complications. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Arm. Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Breast Neoplasms / surgery. Chronic Disease. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Mastectomy / adverse effects. Syndrome


80. Arora R, Sharma A, Gupta R, Vijayaraghavan M: Cutaneous angiosarcoma in a patient with xeroderma pigmentosum. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2008 Oct-Dec;51(4):504-6
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  • [Title] Cutaneous angiosarcoma in a patient with xeroderma pigmentosum.
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by photosensitivity, cutaneous pigmentary changes, premature skin ageing and development of various cutaneous and internal malignancies at an early age as a result of a defect in nucleotide excision repair following ultraviolet light exposure.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcomas are aggressive neoplasms that are rarely associated with XP.
  • In this communication, we report the case of a 40-year-old male patient with XP who developed an angiosarcoma of the face and discuss the implications of this association in view of recent developments in this field.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / complications. Skin Neoplasms / complications. Xeroderma Pigmentosum / complications

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  • (PMID = 19008576.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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81. Wray JD, Bestbier M, Miller J, Smith KC: Aortic and iliac thrombosis associated with angiosarcoma of skeletal muscle in a dog. J Small Anim Pract; 2006 May;47(5):272-7

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  • [Title] Aortic and iliac thrombosis associated with angiosarcoma of skeletal muscle in a dog.
  • Ischaemic necrosis of areas of the hindlimb digits and skin and a firm swelling within the medial right thigh musculature were found on physical examination.
  • Necropsy findings were of a poorly differentiated invasive sarcoma of the skeletal muscle of the proximal right hindlimb, thrombosis of the aorta and right external iliac artery and secondary renal glomerulopathy.
  • Immunohistochemistry of the neoplastic tissue indicated angiosarcoma based on expression of CD31 and factor VIII-related antigen.
  • Aortoiliac thrombosis, paraparesis and hindlimb ischaemia are unusual sequelae of angiosarcoma in the dog.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / veterinary. Muscle Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 16674722.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4510
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of small animal practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Small Anim Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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82. Glickstein J, Sebelik ME, Lu Q: Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the head and neck: a case presentation and review of the literature. Ear Nose Throat J; 2006 Oct;85(10):672-4
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  • [Title] Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the head and neck: a case presentation and review of the literature.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the head and neck is a rare vascular neoplasm.
  • Early diagnosis and treatment are essential for local control of this aggressive tumor but recognition can be delayed because of its rarity or because of difficulty in making a pathologic diagnosis.
  • After a diagnosis of low-grade angiosarcoma was definitively established, the lesions were locally excised with good cosmetic and functional results.
  • We review the literature on cutaneous angiosarcoma, and we discuss its epidemiology, presentation, tissue diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis in an effort to increase awareness of this rare malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17124942.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-5613
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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83. Forton GE, Van Parys G, Hertveldt K: Primary angiosarcoma of the non-irradiated parotid gland: a most uncommon, highly malignant tumor. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2005 Mar;262(3):173-7
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  • [Title] Primary angiosarcoma of the non-irradiated parotid gland: a most uncommon, highly malignant tumor.
  • This case report discusses the clinical presentation, imaging, surgery and further treatment and course of a primary angiosarcoma of a non-irradiated parotid gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / secondary. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD45 / immunology. Humans. Keratins / immunology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15133686.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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84. Aguiar Bujanda D, Camacho Galán R, Bastida Iñarrea J, Aguiar Morales J, Conde Martel A, Rivero Suárez P, de Armas Diaz F, Bohn Sarmiento U, Cabrera Suárez MA: Angiosarcoma of the abdominal wall after dermolipectomy in a morbidly obese man. A rare form of presentation of Stewart-Treves syndrome. Eur J Dermatol; 2006 May-Jun;16(3):290-2
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  • [Title] Angiosarcoma of the abdominal wall after dermolipectomy in a morbidly obese man. A rare form of presentation of Stewart-Treves syndrome.
  • Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor, with a predilection for skin in the head and neck region, although it has been described in many other locations.
  • However, angiosarcoma can appear in lower limbs with chronic lymphedema and rarely in other locations such as the abdominal wall.
  • Herein, we present a unique case of angiosarcoma developing in the abdominal wall of a morbidly obese patient after extensive dermolipectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Wall / pathology. Dermatologic Surgical Procedures. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Lipectomy / methods. Obesity, Morbid / complications

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  • (PMID = 16709497.001).
  • [ISSN] 1167-1122
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of dermatology : EJD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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85. Ettl T, Kleinheinz J, Mehrotra R, Schwarz S, Reichert TE, Driemel O: Infraorbital cutaneous angiosarcoma: a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma. Head Face Med; 2008;4:18
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  • [Title] Infraorbital cutaneous angiosarcoma: a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma.
  • BACKGROUND: A cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumour of vascular endothelial cells with aggressive clinical behaviour and poor prognosis.
  • Diagnosis is often delayed due to its variable and often benign clinical appearance.
  • Histopathologic examination of the specimen diagnosed a cutaneous angiosarcoma.
  • Neither, finally achieved negative margins on permanent sections, nor a following chemotherapy could prevent the recurrence of the disease after five months and the patient's dead 21 months after the first diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Reoperation

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  • [Cites] Cancer. 2003 Nov 15;98(10):2251-6 [14601096.001]
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  • (PMID = 18694495.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & face medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Face Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2533304
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86. Leggio L, Addolorato G, Abenavoli L, Ferrulli A, D'Angelo C, Mirijello A, Vonghia L, Schinzari G, Arena V, Perrone L, Citterio F, Bonomo L, Rapaccini GL, Capelli A, Barone C, Gasbarrini G: Primary renal angiosarcoma: a rare malignancy. A case report and review of the literature. Urol Oncol; 2006 Jul-Aug;24(4):307-12
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  • [Title] Primary renal angiosarcoma: a rare malignancy. A case report and review of the literature.
  • Angiosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor occurring in less than 2% of soft tissue sarcomas.
  • Angiosarcoma involving the kidney usually represents metastasis from skin or visceral primary lesions, while angiosarcoma primarily occurring in the kidney is a very rare neoplasm.
  • In the English literature, from 1942 to the present, only 19 cases of primary kidney angiosarcoma have been reported.
  • A case of primary renal angiosarcoma presenting as a large kidney mass and flank pain occurring after traumatism is reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16818182.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 28
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87. Marthya A, Patinharayil G, Puthezeth K, Sreedharan S, Kumar A, Kumaran CM: Multicentric epithelioid angiosarcoma of the spine: a case report of a rare bone tumor. Spine J; 2007 Nov-Dec;7(6):716-9
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  • [Title] Multicentric epithelioid angiosarcoma of the spine: a case report of a rare bone tumor.
  • BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Epithelioid angiosarcoma (EA) is a high-grade sarcoma of vascular origin.
  • EA is a rare variant of angiosarcoma.
  • EA has been reported in sites like skin thyroid, adrenal gland, soft tissue, and rarely in bone.
  • The tumor was composed of nests and cords of malignant cells with epithelioid morphology with areas of vascular differentiation, necrosis, and hemorrhage.
  • The authors point out the need for immunohistochemical evaluation after careful histological analysis for vascular differentiation for an accurate diagnosis of vascular bone tumors with epithelioid features so that an erroneous diagnosis of metastatic carcinoma can be avoided.
  • EA is marked by the presence of large polygonal epithelioid malignant cells with marked cellular atypia and pleomorphism.
  • The arrangement of the cells may mimic epithelial neoplasm.
  • Careful histologic and immunohistochemical analysis will clinch the diagnosis.
  • Even though rare, we stress the importance to be aware of the existence of this tumor, which is essential for correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Thoracic Vertebrae / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17998131.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-9430
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Weed BR, Folpe AL: Cutaneous CD30-positive epithelioid angiosarcoma following breast-conserving therapy and irradiation: a potential diagnostic pitfall. Am J Dermatopathol; 2008 Aug;30(4):370-2
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  • [Title] Cutaneous CD30-positive epithelioid angiosarcoma following breast-conserving therapy and irradiation: a potential diagnostic pitfall.
  • A case of cutaneous epithelioid angiosarcoma with anomalous CD30 expression, occurring after breast-conserving surgery and adjuvant irradiation, is reported.
  • The differential diagnosis of CD30 epithelioid angiosarcoma is discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD30 / biosynthesis. Hemangiosarcoma / metabolism. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / metabolism. Neoplasms, Second Primary / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Breast Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Breast Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / surgery. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic / pathology. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 18645308.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD30
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89. Chen SY, Takeuchi S, Urabe K, Hayashida S, Kido M, Tomoeda H, Uchi H, Dainichi T, Takahara M, Shibata S, Tu YT, Furue M, Moroi Y: Overexpression of phosphorylated-ATF2 and STAT3 in cutaneous angiosarcoma and pyogenic granuloma. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Aug;35(8):722-30
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  • [Title] Overexpression of phosphorylated-ATF2 and STAT3 in cutaneous angiosarcoma and pyogenic granuloma.
  • BACKGROUND: Activating transcription factor-2/Activator protein-1 (AP-1), Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 and p53 are important regulators of cellular proliferation, apoptosis, differentiation in the pathogenesis of many human tumors, but the expression of phosphorylated (p)-activating transcription factor-2 (p-ATF2), phosphorylated (p)-signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (p-STAT3) and p53 family (p63 and p73) has not been investigated in cutaneous angiosarcoma (CAS) and pyogenic granuloma (PG) so far.
  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression of p-ATF2, p-STAT3 and p53 and its family in cutaneous vascular tumors (CAS and PG).
  • The p-ATF2-, p-STAT3- and p53 expression (% positive cells) in CAS and PG were significantly higher than in normal dermal vessels, but none of these transcription factors distinguished malignant (CAS)- from benign (PG) vascular tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that overexpression of p-ATF2, p-STAT3 and possibly p53, but not p63 or p73, may contribute to the tumorigenesis of cutaneous vascular tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Activating Transcription Factor 2 / biosynthesis. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Granuloma, Pyogenic / metabolism. Hemangiosarcoma / metabolism. STAT3 Transcription Factor / biosynthesis. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis


90. Policarpio-Nicolas ML, Nicolas MM, Keh P, Laskin WB: Postradiation angiosarcoma of the small intestine: a case report and review of literature. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2006 Oct;10(5):301-5
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  • [Title] Postradiation angiosarcoma of the small intestine: a case report and review of literature.
  • Postradiation angiosarcoma is typically a high-grade sarcoma that presents mainly in the skin and superficial tissues.
  • Postradiation angiosarcoma arising in the small intestine is rare with only 11 cases documented in the English-language literature.
  • Herein, we report a postradiation angiosarcoma of the small intestine 9 years after radiotherapy for uterine cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • Microscopically, the neoplasm was composed of spindled and epithelioid cells arranged in solid aggregates and focally forming vascular channels.
  • The diagnosis of angiosarcoma was confirmed immunohistochemically by tumor cell expression of CD31, CD34, and factor VIII-related antigen.
  • The diagnosis of PRA should be entertained for any poorly differentiated neoplasm arising in a previously irradiated site.
  • The correct diagnosis of PRA depends upon histomorphologic identification of vascular differentiation, coupled with immunohistochemical expression of endothelial-related markers.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Intestinal Neoplasms / etiology. Intestine, Small. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16979525.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-9134
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD31; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 9001-27-8 / Factor VIII
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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91. Sakurai H, Hada M, Miyashita Y, Tsukamoto K, Oyama T, Ashizawa I: Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to metastatic angiosarcoma of the scalp: report of a case. Surg Today; 2006;36(10):919-22
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  • [Title] Simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to metastatic angiosarcoma of the scalp: report of a case.
  • Angiosarcoma is a highly malignant neoplasm, which most often develops on the scalp or face of elderly people.
  • Common distant metastatic sites include the lung, liver, lymph nodes, and skin.
  • We report a case of angiosarcoma manifesting as simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to pulmonary metastases in an 86-year-old man.
  • The pneumothorax preceded the diagnosis of angiosarcoma.
  • This case suggests that a finding of simultaneous bilateral spontaneous pneumothorax may indicate a serious parenchymal lung disorder.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / complications. Hemangiosarcoma / complications. Lung Neoplasms / complications. Pneumothorax / etiology. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / complications


92. Nascimento AF, Raut CP, Fletcher CD: Primary angiosarcoma of the breast: clinicopathologic analysis of 49 cases, suggesting that grade is not prognostic. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Dec;32(12):1896-904
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  • [Title] Primary angiosarcoma of the breast: clinicopathologic analysis of 49 cases, suggesting that grade is not prognostic.
  • Mammary angiosarcoma is a rare neoplasm, accounting for about 0.05% of all primary malignancies of the breast.
  • Forty-nine cases of primary angiosarcoma of the breast were retrieved from our files.
  • All tumors examined were located within breast parenchyma with or without minor cutaneous involvement.
  • Ten patients (24.4%) showed evidence of local recurrence within 11 to 60 months (median 36) after diagnosis.
  • Twenty-four patients (58.5%) thus far have developed metastases, which were most commonly to lung, liver, skin, and bone.
  • Time interval between diagnosis and metastasis ranged from 2 to 144 months (median 34).
  • In conclusion, mammary angiosarcoma is a rare disease that affects relatively younger patients.
  • This tumor seems to have an overall similar clinical course as other types of angiosarcoma arising in skin or soft tissue; it carries a moderate risk of local recurrence, and a high risk of metastasis and death.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18813119.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Lee BA, Wanat KA, Eisen AZ: Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the knee: a case report and review of the literature. Cutis; 2009 Feb;83(2):91-4
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  • [Title] Cutaneous angiosarcoma of the knee: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Cutaneous angiosarcoma is a rare, malignant, vascular tumor that usually occurs in the scalp and face region of elderly white men.
  • We report an unusual case of angiosarcoma occurring on the knee of a 70-year-old white woman with a strong family history of malignant melanoma in the absence of any known predisposing features.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Knee Joint / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 19326694.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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94. Donghi D, Kerl K, Dummer R, Schoenewolf N, Cozzio A: Cutaneous angiosarcoma: own experience over 13 years. Clinical features, disease course and immunohistochemical profile. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2010 Oct;24(10):1230-4
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  • [Title] Cutaneous angiosarcoma: own experience over 13 years. Clinical features, disease course and immunohistochemical profile.
  • BACKGROUND: Cutaneous angiosarcoma (AS) is a rare malignant tumour of endothelial origin with very poor prognosis, frequent recurrences and high metastatic potential.
  • RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Cutaneous AS was clinically diagnosed in 4 of 9 patients, while systemic lupus erythematosus was the most common misdiagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibodies, Monoclonal / metabolism. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 20236193.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-3083
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / monoclonal antibody D2-40
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95. Gagnon PJ, Galderisi C, Page BR, Holland JM: Angiosarcoma developing after curative induction chemotherapy and radiotherapy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx. Head Neck; 2009 Jun;31(6):829-32
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  • [Title] Angiosarcoma developing after curative induction chemotherapy and radiotherapy for locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma arising after radiation is described in breast cancer but occurs elsewhere.
  • Here, we present an angiosarcoma of the neck occurring after curative chemoradiation.
  • METHODS: This is a case of angiosarcoma developing 5 years after curative therapy for T3N0 squamous cell carcinoma of the supraglottic larynx.
  • Examination showed a 7-cm mass and biopsy revealed angiosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / therapy. Radiotherapy, High-Energy / adverse effects. Skin Neoplasms / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy, Needle. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Paclitaxel / administration & dosage. Remission Induction. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18853452.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0347
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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96. Verdolini R, Goteri G, Criante P, Giangiacomi M, Cerio R: Recurrent epithelioid angiosarcoma of the scalp simulating melanoma. A 10-year follow-up. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2005 Nov;19(6):732-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recurrent epithelioid angiosarcoma of the scalp simulating melanoma. A 10-year follow-up.
  • We present a case of an intriguing mesenchymal neoplasm of the scalp that recurred several times over 10 years before a final diagnosis was possible.
  • The case was sent for expert opinions to various international dermatopathological authorities and was, for a long time, unanimously interpreted as malignant melanoma.
  • This diagnosis was supported by immunohistochemical examinations demonstrating S-100 positivity.
  • Nevertheless, the clinical behaviour, as well as some histopathological features raised doubt regarding the diagnosis.
  • Only after the last recurrence, followed by a repeat extensive immunohistochemical study, the diagnosis of epithelioid angiosarcoma was made.
  • Histologically malignant melanoma can be highly misleading and in literature, reports of misinterpreted cases of melanoma are published.
  • In contrast, tumours that can simulate melanoma are also not infrequent and it is essential to perform immunohistochemistry to confirm diagnosis and exclude a melanocytic lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Scalp / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Melanoma / diagnosis. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16268881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9959
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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97. Mallick A, Jain S, Proctor A, Pandey R: Angiosarcoma around a revision total hip arthroplasty and review of literature. J Arthroplasty; 2009 Feb;24(2):323.e17-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma around a revision total hip arthroplasty and review of literature.
  • We report a case of angiosarcoma at the site of a revision total hip arthroplasty.
  • We found only 3 previous reports on angiosarcoma associated with hip arthroplasty in English literature.
  • Association between malignant tumor and hip arthroplasty deserves attention because this surgical procedure is so common that possible risk of a neoplasm should be quantified.
  • Sarcoma is rare, and its possible causation by retained foreign body material has been reported only as single cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / adverse effects. Hemangiosarcoma / diagnosis. Hip Prosthesis / adverse effects. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18617362.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8406
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of arthroplasty
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Arthroplasty
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Metals
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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98. Fodor J, Orosz Z, Szabó E, Sulyok Z, Polgár C, Zaka Z, Major T: Angiosarcoma after conservation treatment for breast carcinoma: our experience and a review of the literature. J Am Acad Dermatol; 2006 Mar;54(3):499-504
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiosarcoma after conservation treatment for breast carcinoma: our experience and a review of the literature.
  • The development of angiosarcoma of the breast is a recognized complication of breast conservation therapy (BCT), but the evolution, prevalence, and outcome have not been accurately established.
  • We sought to evaluate and review the clinicopathologic, prognostic, and treatment attributes of angiosarcoma arising in the irradiated breast after BCT.
  • We conducted a retrospective chart and slide review of 8 patients seen between 1996 and 2004 with a diagnosis of secondary angiosarcoma.
  • The mean age of the patients at onset of the breast cancer and angiosarcoma was 65 and 72 years, respectively.
  • The mean latency period between the treatment of the breast cancer and the diagnosis of angiosarcoma was 75 months.
  • The actuarial rate of 2-year survival for patients presented with single (n = 4) compared with multiple (n = 4) skin lesions was 50% and 0%, respectively (P = .0233).
  • The estimated incidence of angiosarcoma after BCT was found to be 0.14 %.
  • BCT-associated angiosarcoma arises after a relatively brief interval, and breast edema-fibrosis can possibly contribute to its development.
  • Special attention should be paid to skin changes occurring after BCT.
  • The extent of skin lesions is predictive of survival.
  • As shown by a review of the literature, angiosarcomas are often resistant to surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy, and targeted therapy against tumor biological properties may be a new approach to angiosarcoma treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / etiology. Breast Neoplasms / therapy. Hemangiosarcoma / etiology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16488303.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6787
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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99. Tomasello L, Gardin G, Boccardo F: Secondary breast angiosarcoma: lethal response to anti-angiogenic therapy with paclitaxel chemotherapy. A case report. Anticancer Res; 2006 Nov-Dec;26(6C):4775-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Secondary breast angiosarcoma: lethal response to anti-angiogenic therapy with paclitaxel chemotherapy. A case report.
  • Angiosarcoma of the breast is a malignant tumour of vascular endothelial cells.
  • The authors report a case of cutaneous radiation-associated angiosarcoma treated with paclitaxel chemotherapy.
  • A few days after drug administration, bleeding of skin lesions was observed and the patient died.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / chemically induced. Hemangiosarcoma / chemically induced. Neoplasms, Second Primary / chemically induced. Paclitaxel / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 17214340.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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100. Grewal JS, Daniel AR, Carson EJ, Catanzaro AT, Shehab TM, Tworek JA: Rapidly progressive metastatic multicentric epithelioid angiosarcoma of the small bowel: a case report and a review of literature. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2008 Aug;23(8):745-56

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rapidly progressive metastatic multicentric epithelioid angiosarcoma of the small bowel: a case report and a review of literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiosarcoma is a rare high-grade neoplasm that frequently involves the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
  • Rarely, angiosarcoma can occur in the gastrointestinal tract where it frequently exhibits multicentric epithelioid morphology.
  • DESIGN: We report a case of multicentric epithelioid angiosarcoma (EAS) of the small intestine in a 73-year-old male patient who presented with weakness and melena, and was found to have bleeding lesions in the small intestine on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.
  • In addition to this case, we extensively reviewed the clinical and pathological features of previously reported cases of angiosarcoma of the small intestine in the English literature since 1970.
  • He died within 4 months of the diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Angiosarcoma, especially of the deep tissues and the gastrointestinal tract, is very aggressive and rapidly metastatic.
  • The survival rate in these patients is extremely poor, and most patients die within 6 months to 1 year of the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemangiosarcoma / pathology. Hemangiosarcoma / secondary. Intestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Intestine, Small / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18080128.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 59
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