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1. Bharwani N, Christmas TJ, Jameson C, Moat N, Sohaib SA: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma: imaging appearances. Br J Radiol; 2009 Dec;82(984):e249-52
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  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma: imaging appearances.
  • Epithelioid angiomyolipoma is a recently described rare variant of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • We report the imaging findings from two cases of epithelioid angiomyolipoma: the first in a patient with tuberous sclerosis complex, arising in a horse-shoe kidney and growing into the inferior vena cava and right atrium; the second in a 62-year-old hypertensive man.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Heart Atria / pathology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Renal Veins / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Tuberous Sclerosis / diagnosis. Tuberous Sclerosis / surgery. Vena Cava, Inferior / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19934066.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3473378
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2. Kaneko T, Ogushi T, Asakage Y, Kitamura T: [Angiomyolipoma in the renal pelvis]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2007 Nov;98(7):832-4
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  • [Title] [Angiomyolipoma in the renal pelvis].
  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a 7.5 x 6.5 x 4.5 cm. mass centered in the left renal pelvis, which is composed of macroscopic fat and soft-tissue component.
  • Differential diagnosis included liposarcoma, lipoma and angiomyolipoma.
  • Pathological examinations revealed a renal angiomyolipoma protruding into the renal pelvis.
  • We present a rare case of angiomyolipoma in the renal pelvis and review the literature concerning these unusual findings of this common neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Pelvis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ureter / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18062214.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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3. Boorjian SA, Sheinin Y, Crispen PL, Lohse CM, Kwon ED, Leibovich BC: Hormone receptor expression in renal angiomyolipoma: clinicopathologic correlation. Urology; 2008 Oct;72(4):927-32
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  • [Title] Hormone receptor expression in renal angiomyolipoma: clinicopathologic correlation.
  • OBJECTIVES: Although renal angiomyolipoma (AML) occurs more commonly in females than males, the origin of this difference in incidence by sex is unknown.
  • Therefore, we investigated the expression of the androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptor subtypes alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta), progesterone receptor, and the enzyme aromatase in renal AML.
  • METHODS: We evaluated specimens from 110 patients who had undergone resection of a renal AML, including 90 women and 20 men.
  • The level of ERbeta expression was not associated with patient age (P = 0.92), sex (P = 0.82), a diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis (P = 0.56), or histologic subtype of AML (P = 0.94).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study have shown that ERbeta expression is ubiquitous in renal AML, and the AR is found in most tumors.
  • These data suggest a potential role for hormones in the pathogenesis and management of renal AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / metabolism. Aromatase / biosynthesis. Kidney Neoplasms / metabolism. Receptors, Androgen / biosynthesis. Receptors, Estrogen / biosynthesis. Receptors, Progesterone / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 18374399.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA134345; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA134345-01A1
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Androgen; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; EC 1.14.14.1 / Aromatase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS160064; NLM/ PMC2789392
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4. Astigueta JC, Abad MA, Pow-Sang MR, Morante C, Meza L, Destefano V, Dyer R: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma: a rare variant of renal angiomyolipoma. Arch Esp Urol; 2009 Jul;62(6):493-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma: a rare variant of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: We present a case of primary renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma, its association with tuberous sclerosis and review the literature.
  • CT scan of the abdomen showed the presence of a left renal tumor.
  • Pathologic study of the specimen showed primary renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma, corroborated by immunohistochemistry staining.
  • RESULTS: The presence of this epithelial variant is rare and must be taken into account because of its malignant potential and, thus, with different prognosis and follow up, compared to classical angiomyolipoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal angiomyolipoma is an uncommon benign tumor, representing a challenge for clinical and pathological diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19736381.001).
  • [ISSN] 1576-8260
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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5. Berger J, Valgueblasse E, Thereaux J, Plainard X, Bouhlel A, Lanoe M, Paraf F, Cornu F, Dumas JP, Flam T, Zerbib M, Debre B, Descazeaud A: [Preoperative factors of misdiagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma]. Prog Urol; 2009 May;19(5):301-6
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  • [Title] [Preoperative factors of misdiagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma].
  • OBJECTIVES: To explain the high incidence of misdiagnosis of angiomyolipoma (AML) prior to surgery.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1989 and 2007, 2,657 patients were operated for a renal tumor at Dupuytren hospital in Limoges and at Cochin hospital in Paris.
  • The group of patients in which the diagnosis was done preoperatively was compared to the one in which the diagnosis was missed.
  • The diagnosis of AML was ignored preoperatively in 62 patients (73%).
  • The diagnosis seems particularly difficult when the tumor is small or contains a small proportion of fat.
  • In addition, this study highlights that the diagnosis of AML is frequently ignored in men.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Diagnostic Errors. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19393534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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6. Dinis da Gama A, Cunha e Sá D, Alves JM, Carneiro de Moura JL, Lopez D, Fernandes A: [An exceptional case of renal angiomyolipoma extended to the inferior vena cava. Successfull surgical management]. Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc; 2008 Oct-Dec;15(4):221-4
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  • [Title] [An exceptional case of renal angiomyolipoma extended to the inferior vena cava. Successfull surgical management].
  • [Transliterated title] Um caso excepcional de angiomiolipoma renal com extensão à veia cava inferior. Tratamento cirúrgico com êxito.
  • The clinical case of a 39 years old female is reported, with the diagnosis of tumor of the right kidney extending into the infra-hepatic vena cava, assuming the shape of a floating thrombus.
  • Histopathological evaluation of the specimens, associated to specific imunohistochemistry studies, confirmed the diagnosis of angiomyolipoma of the kidney.
  • A review of the literature concluded that this is the 27th case published of a kidney angiomyolipoma extending into the inferior vena cava, thus justifying its presentation and divulgation.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplastic Cells, Circulating. Vena Cava, Inferior

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  • (PMID = 19305883.001).
  • [ISSN] 0873-7215
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista portuguesa de cirurgia cardio-torácica e vascular : órgão oficial da Sociedade Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-Torácica e Vascular
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Port Cir Cardiotorac Vasc
  • [Language] por
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Portugal
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7. Tokuyama Y, Fujita T, Hirayama T, Shirai M, Kazama A, Iwamura M, Baba S: [Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2010 Feb;56(2):103-6

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  • [Title] [Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney].
  • A 50-year-old male was referred to our hospital for a left renal mass which was incidentally found during a medical check-up.
  • Abdominal ultrasonography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging showed a weak enhancement tumor devoid of fat densities at the lower pole of the left kidney.
  • Under the diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma, radical nephrectomy was performed.
  • The patient was diagnosed with epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney.
  • Epithelioid angiomyolipoma is a rare variant of angiomyolipoma, which is sometimes occurred aggressive clinical behavior.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 20185996.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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8. Minervini A, Giubilei G, Masieri L, Lanzi F, Serni S, Carini M: Simple enucleation for the treatment of renal angiomyolipoma. BJU Int; 2007 Apr;99(4):887-91
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  • [Title] Simple enucleation for the treatment of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • OBJECTIVES: To report on the role of simple enucleation for treating renal angiomyolipoma (AML) in a series of patients treated in our department.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of all 37 patients with a histopathological diagnosis of renal AML who had either radical nephrectomy (three) or nephron-sparing surgery by simple enucleation (34) between January 1986 and December 2005.
  • Indications for intervention included either symptomatic AML or a tumour of >4 cm, regardless to the presence of symptoms or renal masses suspicious of malignancy.
  • Two patients (6%) required renal hypothermia.
  • There were no major complications, e.g. prolonged acute tubular necrosis/chronic renal insufficiency and urinary leakage/urinoma, but two patients had urosepsis not associated with perirenal fluid collection and that required targeted antibiotic therapy.
  • Two patients had a small AML elsewhere in the operated kidney, detected 18 and 36 months after surgery, with a kidney recurrence rate of 6%.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our data confirm the optimum results of simple enucleation for renal AMLs; this technique provides excellent long-term local control and no patient had urinary leakage/fistula afterward.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Nephrectomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 17233805.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-4096
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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9. Hino H, Ikeda S, Kawano R, Sato F, Tagawa K, Hoshino T, Yokota T, Hata E, Fujii A, Mori M: Angiomyolipoma in the lung detected 15 years after a nephrectomy for renal angiomyolipoma. Ann Thorac Surg; 2010 Jan;89(1):298-300
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  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma in the lung detected 15 years after a nephrectomy for renal angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma is generally found in the kidney, but is especially rare in the lung.
  • Nine cases of angiomyolipoma in the lung have been reported previously, and in 3 of these patients it was involved with nephrectomy for renal angiomyolipoma.
  • The origination of the tumor was not completely recognized, but lymphangioleiomyomatosis and angiomyolipoma are known to have a common feature.
  • The pathogenesis of angiomyolipoma in the lung has recently been researched in relation with lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • We review these case reports of angiomyolipoma in the lung and discuss the clinical features and the generation of these tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Nephrectomy
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Radiography, Thoracic. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted / methods. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [Copyright] 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20103265.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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10. Raft J, Lalot JM, Meistelman C, Longrois D: [Renal angiomyolipoma rupture during pregnancy]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2006 Oct;34(10):917-9
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  • [Title] [Renal angiomyolipoma rupture during pregnancy].
  • A 40 year-old 2nd gesta pregnant woman (34.5 weeks of amenorhea) was admitted to hospital for abdominal pain and arterial hypotension which were rapidly related to a retroperitoneal haematoma due to left kidney bleeding.
  • Exploration of the retroperitonal space after foetal extraction confirmed the presence of a large haematoma and abnormal left renal morphology.
  • Subsequently, abdominal and thoracic computerised tomographic examination showed bilateral dysplasia of the kidneys and pulmonary cysts consistent with the diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • The case report is of interest because of the circumstances of discovery of the disease and because nephrectomy was not necessary to control the bleeding of the left kidney.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cesarean Section. Female. Hematoma / therapy. Hemorrhage / etiology. Hemorrhage / therapy. Humans. Kidney / blood supply. Pregnancy. Retroperitoneal Space. Rupture, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16996772.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol Obstet Fertil
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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11. Bińkowska M, Debska M, Mazurek M, Słapa R, Debski R: Embolization of renal angiomyolipoma in pregnancy: case report. Ginekol Pol; 2009 Jun;80(6):449-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Embolization of renal angiomyolipoma in pregnancy: case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Renal angiomyolipoma is a rare benign tumour composed of adipose tissue, blood vessels and smooth muscles.
  • CASE: At 20th week of pregnancy a previously healthy 26-year old pregnant woman with an episode of sudden and severe pain in the left flank followed by fainting was diagnosed with a bleeding tumour of the left kidney.
  • The diagnosis was based on ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • CONCLUSION: Embolization of renal angiomyolipoma bleeding vessels during pregnancy can be an effective therapeutic approach protecting against further bleeding and haemorrhagic shock thereby obviating the need to perform urgent surgery and allowing the woman to carry her pregnancy to term safely in outpatient setting.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Embolization, Therapeutic / methods. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19642603.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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12. Zanelli M, Cortecchia S, Righi E, Caprara L, De Lillo M, Costa F, Galanti G, Bondi A: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney: case report. Pathologica; 2008 Jun;100(3):202-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney: case report.
  • Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign tumour histologically characterized by a mixture of adipose tissue, smooth muscle cells and thick walled blood vessels.
  • Long-believed to be a benign hamartoma, angiomyolipoma is now considered to arise from perivascular epithelioid cells.
  • Epithelioid angiomyolipoma is a rare type of angiomyolipoma, composed partially or completely of epithelioid cells, with a potentially aggressive behaviour.
  • Histologically it can mimic renal cell carcinoma.
  • Positivity for HMB45, Melan A, CD68 and CD117 are useful for diagnosis.
  • Herein, we report the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of a renal tumour composed of large epithelioid mononucleated or multinucleated cells with abundant acidophilic cytoplasm and prominent nucleoli.
  • Despite the morphologic resemblance of this tumour to renal cell carcinoma, its phenotype (HMB45, Melan A and CD68 positivity and keratin negativity) parallels the phenotypic profile of angiomyolipoma.
  • Therefore, immunohistochemistry should be considered when diagnosing this variant of angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18841830.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-2983
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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13. Azurmendi Arin I, Llarena Ibarguren R, García-Olaverri Rodríguez J, Olano Grasa I, Cantón Aller E, Pertusa Peña C: [Epithelioid renal angiomyolipoma]. Arch Esp Urol; 2008 May;61(4):540-3
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  • [Title] [Epithelioid renal angiomyolipoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiomiolipoma epitelioide renal.
  • OBJECTIVE: To issue the existence of a variety of angiomyolipoma, named epithelioid, with different histological and clinic properties.
  • METHODS: We report the case of a 17 year old female, with Bourneville's disease, who was discovered to have a solid renal mass suggestive of carcinoma in a control CT scan, adjacent to other smaller masses identified as angiomyolipomas.
  • RESULTS: After several tumorectomies, the suspicious mass, 4 cm in size, was diagnosed as epithelioid angiomyolipoma, with immunohistochemical confirmation of capacity for HMB45, and negative vimentin and keratin.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite the possibility of coexistence of adenocarcinoma and angiomyolipoma, the existence of an epithelioid variety cannot be discarded, mainly in patients with phakomatosis.
  • The indications for surgery are the same than for the rest of renal masses.
  • Nevertheless, follow-up criteria must be stricter due to the possibility of torpid outcome in terms of dissemination of this infrequent variety of angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18592777.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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14. Francesca F, Pomara G, Campo G, Casale P: Elective open nephron-sparing surgery for renal masses: Single-center experience with 223 consecutive patients. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e16139

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  • [Title] Elective open nephron-sparing surgery for renal masses: Single-center experience with 223 consecutive patients.
  • : e16139 Background: To present our experience with elective, open, nephron-sparing surgery for renal masses in a contemporary, consecutive series.
  • The preoperative workup included laboratory analysis, renal ultrasonography and abdominal computed tomography.
  • 52 patients presented renal masses > 4cm.
  • Renal cell carcinoma was present in 177 patients (76.6%), benign renal masses were diagnosed in in 54 pazienti (23.3%): angiomyolipoma (35%), oncocytoma (40%), complicated cyst (25%).
  • Worthy of note among these 54 patients, pre-operative diagnosis was present in 12 patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of this contemporary, monocenter experience underline the role of open, elective, nephron-sparing surgery for patients with renal masses, confirming good results even for renal masses > 4cm.

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  • (PMID = 27963354.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Spie R, Devevey JM, Ponnelle T, Michel F: [Angiomyolipoma with epithelioid contingent mimicking renal cell carcinoma]. Prog Urol; 2005 Apr;15(2):322-5; discussion 325
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  • [Title] [Angiomyolipoma with epithelioid contingent mimicking renal cell carcinoma].
  • The authors report the case of a patient followed for renal angiomyolipoma.
  • Histological examination demonstrated renal angiomyolipoma with an epithelioid contingent.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 15999618.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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16. Ooi SM, Vivian JB, Cohen RJ: The use of the Ki-67 marker in the pathological diagnosis of the epithelioid variant of renal angiomyolipoma. Int Urol Nephrol; 2009;41(3):559-65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The use of the Ki-67 marker in the pathological diagnosis of the epithelioid variant of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) is a rare malignant variant of renal angiomyolipoma (AML).
  • This study evaluates the use of Ki-67 (proliferation marker) in the pathological diagnosis of EAML and distinction from classical AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / chemistry. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Kidney Neoplasms / chemistry. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Cites] Pathology. 1994 Jul;26(3):230-6 [7991275.001]
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  • (PMID = 18839327.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2584
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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17. Jadhav MN, Yelikar BR, Patil SB: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Apr;50(2):338-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney: a case report.
  • Renal angiomyolipoma is a distinctive benign neoplasm that occurs either sporadically or in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex.
  • At operation, she had a left renal mass with nephrolithiasis and hydronephrosis.
  • Histopathology revealed epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the left kidney with chronic pyelonephritis.
  • Immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of angiomyolipoma.
  • This case is presented to highlight the epithelioid variant of angiomyolipoma which may behave in an aggressive manner.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Neoplasm. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17883064.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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18. Seyam RM, Bissada NK, Kattan SA, Mokhtar AA, Aslam M, Fahmy WE, Mourad WA, Binmahfouz AA, Alzahrani HM, Hanash KA: Changing trends in presentation, diagnosis and management of renal angiomyolipoma: comparison of sporadic and tuberous sclerosis complex-associated forms. Urology; 2008 Nov;72(5):1077-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Changing trends in presentation, diagnosis and management of renal angiomyolipoma: comparison of sporadic and tuberous sclerosis complex-associated forms.
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the changing management of sporadic renal angiomyolipoma and renal angiomyolipoma associated with the tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) during the past 16 years.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 60 patients with angiomyolipoma seen at our institutions.
  • The lesions grew an average of 4.7 +/- 3.4 cm for TSC tumors and 0.6 +/- 0.2 cm for sporadic angiomyolipoma tumors.
  • None of the patients developed renal impairment.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal angiomyolipoma has a slow growth rate.
  • The preservation of renal function was noted in all our patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy. Tuberous Sclerosis / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Chemoembolization, Therapeutic. Child. Cohort Studies. Female. Humans. Kidney Function Tests. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome


19. Handa U, Nanda A, Mohan H: Fine-needle aspiration of renal angiomyolipoma: a report of four cases. Cytopathology; 2007 Aug;18(4):250-4
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  • [Title] Fine-needle aspiration of renal angiomyolipoma: a report of four cases.
  • OBJECTIVE: Renal angiomyolipoma is an uncommon benign tumour composed of smooth muscle cells, blood vessels and adipose tissue.
  • METHODS: A retrospective analysis of four cases of angiomyolipoma diagnosed on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) during the period 1998-2004 was carried out.
  • CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of angiomyolipoma can be made by FNAC under image guidance and a cell block may be quite helpful in making a correct diagnosis.
  • It is important to establish a correct preoperative diagnosis as treatment of these tumours is conservative and this obviates the need for total nephrectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17635162.001).
  • [ISSN] 0956-5507
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytopathology : official journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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20. El Jack AK, Tomaszewski JE, Haller DG, Siegelman ES: Metastatic PEComa arising from renal angiomyolipoma: MRI findings. J Magn Reson Imaging; 2007 Jul;26(1):159-61
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  • [Title] Metastatic PEComa arising from renal angiomyolipoma: MRI findings.
  • We report the MRI features of a metastatic PEComa to the liver that originated within a renal angiomyolipoma (AML).
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17659554.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Vallejo BJ, Herrera TE, Domenech CA, Lafuente PM, de Ramírez TI, Robles MJ: [Renal angiomyolipoma: presentation, treatment and results of 20 cases]. Actas Urol Esp; 2008 Mar;32(3):307-15
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  • [Title] [Renal angiomyolipoma: presentation, treatment and results of 20 cases].
  • INTRODUCTION: Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign tumour, but its spontaneous rupture may become threatening for patient's live.
  • OBJECTIVES: Analyze renal angyolipoma treated in our center, their clinical outcome and treatment purposed in each case.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyse 20 cases of patients with renal angiomyolipoma treated in our centre from March 1996 to March 2006.
  • Diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis was the only factor attached to spontaneous rupture of those lesions.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal angiomyolipoma may behave in an aggressive way in patients with tuberous sclerosis.
  • Both surgery and arterial embolization have proved not to compromise renal function in treated patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Embolization, Therapeutic. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18512387.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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22. Boorjian SA, Frank I, Inman B, Lohse CM, Cheville JC, Leibovich BC, Blute ML: The role of partial nephrectomy for the management of sporadic renal angiomyolipoma. Urology; 2007 Dec;70(6):1064-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The role of partial nephrectomy for the management of sporadic renal angiomyolipoma.
  • OBJECTIVES: Angiomyolipoma is a benign renal tumor that has a propensity to grow over time and may cause local complications.
  • Given the benign nature of these lesions, renal-preserving treatments are favored.
  • We evaluated our experience with nephron-sparing surgery for renal angiomyolipoma.
  • METHODS: We reviewed our institutional nephrectomy registry to identify patients treated with nephron-sparing surgery for renal angiomyolipoma between 1970 and 2004.
  • Patients with a diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis were excluded.
  • RESULTS: We identified 58 patients treated with nephron-sparing surgery for sporadic renal angiomyolipoma, including 44 women and 14 men.
  • No patient developed de novo chronic renal insufficiency after nephron-sparing surgery, including 4 patients treated for angiomyolipomas in a solitary kidney.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Nephron-sparing surgery for sporadic renal angiomyolipomas offers preservation of renal function and is associated with acceptable complication and low local recurrence rates.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Nephrectomy

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  • (PMID = 18158015.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Garcia-Covarrubias L, McGee J, Landes J, Florman SS, Slakey DP: Cadaveric kidney transplant complicated by rupture of native kidney angiomyolipoma: a case report and review of the literature. Am Surg; 2005 Apr;71(4):286-8
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  • [Title] Cadaveric kidney transplant complicated by rupture of native kidney angiomyolipoma: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Kidneys with angiomyolipomas have been used for transplantation, but we are unaware of postoperative hemorrhage from a native kidney angiomyolipoma.
  • A 49-year-old male who underwent a cadaveric renal transplant complicated by postoperative hemorrhage from a native kidney angiomyolipoma is presented.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / etiology. Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects. Postoperative Hemorrhage / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Angiography. Cadaver. Diagnosis, Differential. Embolization, Therapeutic. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Hypertension / complications. Kidney Failure, Chronic / etiology. Kidney Failure, Chronic / surgery. Male. Rupture, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15943399.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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24. Urge T, Hora M, Hes O, Chudácek Z: [Renal angiomyolipoma, histology, diagnostics and therapy]. Cas Lek Cesk; 2005;144(12):821-3; discussion 824
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  • [Title] [Renal angiomyolipoma, histology, diagnostics and therapy].
  • BACKGROUND: Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign mezenchymal tumour with prevalence of 0.3-3% of all surgically resected renal tumours.
  • Tumour has typical pathological image in computer tomography notation that enables the diagnosis.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: 612 patients with renal tumour were operated at the Department of Urology faculty hospital in Pilsen.
  • Angiomyolipoma occurred in 7 patients.
  • The angiomyolipoma was accidentally found in 2 cases of nephrectomy, which was indicated for other diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We define diagnosis by means of CT notation in the most of patients.
  • This notation is not typical by any version of angiomyolipoma and we choose therefore surgical revision.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma. Kidney Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 16389755.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-7335
  • [Journal-full-title] Casopís lékar̆ů c̆eských
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cas. Lek. Cesk.
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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25. Inci O, Kaplan M, Yalcin O, Atakan IH, Kubat H: Renal angiomyolipoma with malignant transformation, simultaneous occurrence with malignity and other complex clinical situations. Int Urol Nephrol; 2006;38(3-4):417-26
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  • [Title] Renal angiomyolipoma with malignant transformation, simultaneous occurrence with malignity and other complex clinical situations.
  • Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign kidney tumor, which is characterized by the presence of mature or immature fat tissue, thick-walled blood vessels, and smooth muscles.
  • And also angiomyolipoma could be associated with renal adenocarcinoma in the same kidney.
  • The aim of this study is to show the association of angiomyolipoma with complex clinical situations such as malign transformation, simultaneous occurrence with adenocarcinoma, bilateral tumors with tuberous sclerosis or Wunderlich Syndrome.
  • Findings of clinical presentation, pathological evaluation, urography, ultrasonography, and computerized tomography of 19 patients who were diagnosed angiomyolipoma in our clinic during 1994-2003 were examined retrospectively.
  • Our records indicated that radical nephrectomy was performed in three cases of angiomyolipoma in which the differential diagnosis from adenocarcinoma could not be made and in another case of angiomyolipoma, which was associated with adenocarcinoma.
  • Simple nephrectomy was performed in four symptomatic angiomyolipoma cases with tumor size larger than 4 cm and partial nephrectomy in another case.
  • In one case, renal angiomyolipoma was associated with adenocarcinoma in the same kidney.
  • In one case, post-operative recurrence of angiomyolipoma developed 7 months after nephrectomy.
  • Angiomyolipoma is regarded as a benign tumor of the kidney; however, it may also show aggressive behaviors and rarely transform to sarcoma.
  • It may also exist in the same kidney along with adenocarcinoma or sarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2002 Apr;26(4):523-9 [11914633.001]
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  • (PMID = 17033887.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1623
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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26. Ricketts R, Tamboli P, Czerniak B, Guo CC: Tumor-to-tumor metastasis: report of 2 cases of metastatic carcinoma to angiomyolipoma of the kidney. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2008 Jun;132(6):1016-20
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  • [Title] Tumor-to-tumor metastasis: report of 2 cases of metastatic carcinoma to angiomyolipoma of the kidney.
  • Renal cell carcinoma is the most common recipient of tumor-to-tumor metastasis in malignant tumors.
  • However, renal angiomyolipoma has not been reported to be a recipient.
  • Here we report 2 cases of tumor-to-tumor metastasis to renal angiomyolipoma.
  • The donor tumors showed morphologic features that did not easily fit into renal angiomyolipoma, and they also demonstrated patterns of immunoreactivity consistent with the primary tumors rather than with renal angiomyolipoma.
  • To our knowledge, these are the first reported cases of tumor-to-tumor metastasis to renal angiomyolipoma.
  • An awareness of this phenomenon is important to avoid an incorrect diagnosis when encountering unusual morphologic features in renal angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18517262.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Raft J, Lalot JM, Meistelman C, Longrois D: [Influence of pregnancy on renal angiomyolipoma]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2005 Nov;33(11):898-906
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Influence of pregnancy on renal angiomyolipoma].
  • The aim is to perform a literature search on the role of pregnancy in the rupture of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • Articles published from 1952 to 2004 in the Medline database were searched using the keywords renal angiomylipoma and pregnancy.
  • Seventy-two cases of association of renal angiomyolipoma and pregnancy were found, out of which 58 presented a haemorrhage.
  • In only 26% of the cases, renal angiomyolipoma had been documented prior to pregnancy.
  • A causal role of pregnancy in the atraumatic rupture of angiomyolipoma is not clearly defined.
  • Nevertheless, many arguments (whether it be abdominal mechanical pressure, hormonal or histological ones) suggest that a pregnancy could increase the risk of renal angiomyolipoma rupture.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Pregnancy Complications

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  • (PMID = 16256402.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol Obstet Fertil
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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28. Mantas D, Papachristodoulou A: Bilateral renal angiomyolipoma. Acta Chir Belg; 2006 Nov-Dec;106(6):707-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bilateral renal angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipomas are frequent tumours of the kidneys.
  • They are very important in the differential diagnosis of other kidney tumours; sometimes they can present a large size and manifest as an acute massive retroperitoneal haemorrhage.
  • In this case report, we present an acute surgical condition due to rupture and haemorrhage of a giant angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17290701.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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29. Yavuz E, Cakr C, Tuzlal S, Ahskal B, Topuz S, Ilhan R: Uterine perivascular epithelioid cell tumor coexisting with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis and renal angiomyolipoma: a case report. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol; 2008 Jul;16(4):405-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Uterine perivascular epithelioid cell tumor coexisting with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis and renal angiomyolipoma: a case report.
  • We present a case of uterine perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) coexisting with both pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis and renal angiomyolipoma.
  • Her clinical history included diagnoses of bilateral renal angiomyolipoma and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • We conclude that identification of lymphangioleiomyomalike growth pattern may aid in the differential diagnosis of uterine PEComa and suggest using both PEComa and smooth muscle tumor terminology.


30. Kaneko T, Kashibuchi K, Asakage Y, Homma Y: [Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2009 Jan;100(1):22-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney].
  • A 37-year-old female was referred to our department for a renal mass which was incidentally found during a medical check-up.
  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a 1.5-cm enhancing mass at the lower pole of the left kidney.
  • An open partial nephrectomy was performed for a pre-operative diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma.
  • Pathological examination revealed sheets of large polygonal epithelioid cells that showed positive immunostaining for HMB-45, which confirmed the diagnosis of an epithelioid angiomyolipoma.
  • Epithelioid angiomyolipoma is a recently identified variant of angiomyolipoma, which is sometimes associated with aggressive clinical behavior including local recurrence and metastasis.
  • We present this case and review the literature concerning this unusual disorder.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Nephrectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19198226.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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31. Lane BR, Aydin H, Danforth TL, Zhou M, Remer EM, Novick AC, Campbell SC: Clinical correlates of renal angiomyolipoma subtypes in 209 patients: classic, fat poor, tuberous sclerosis associated and epithelioid. J Urol; 2008 Sep;180(3):836-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical correlates of renal angiomyolipoma subtypes in 209 patients: classic, fat poor, tuberous sclerosis associated and epithelioid.
  • Histologically confirmed angiomyolipomas uniformly follow a benign course but rare epithelioid variants of angiomyolipoma can recur and metastasize.
  • We investigated the clinical, radiographic and histological characteristics of each angiomyolipoma subtype.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pertinent data were recorded for 209 patients surgically treated for angiomyolipoma in 219 kidneys from 1981 to 2007.
  • RESULTS: Median radiographic size was 3.2, 4.9 and 10 cm in patients with a single angiomyolipoma (59% of patients), multiple angiomyolipomas and tuberous sclerosis (probable or definite), respectively.
  • In these 3 groups 65%, 47% and 33% of lesions were not suspected radiographically (fat poor angiomyolipoma).
  • Despite potentially aggressive findings in 18% (eg presence within the perinephric fat, lymph node involvement) no angiomyolipoma recurred during a mean followup of 3.4 years (range 0 to 24).
  • A total of 28 (13%) patients with angiomyolipoma had concomitant renal cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: A surprisingly high number of resected angiomyolipomas was not suspected radiographically indicating the importance of precise radiographic characterization to minimize nephrectomy for fat poor angiomyolipoma, which should remain a research priority.
  • In this sizeable single institution series no triphasic, monophasic or epithelioid angiomyolipoma recurred despite potentially aggressive findings in a substantial proportion of cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / classification. Kidney Neoplasms / classification
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / complications. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 18635231.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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32. Crapanzano JP: Fine-needle aspiration of renal angiomyolipoma: cytological findings and diagnostic pitfalls in a series of five cases. Diagn Cytopathol; 2005 Jan;32(1):53-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fine-needle aspiration of renal angiomyolipoma: cytological findings and diagnostic pitfalls in a series of five cases.
  • Diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) may be difficult because cytological and radiological findings sometimes overlap with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and liposarcoma.
  • In FNA, bland chromatin and inconspicuous nucleoli distinguish renal AML from RCC and liposarcoma.
  • Immunocytochemical (ICC) stains may elucidate the correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Biopsy, Fine-Needle / methods. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Oxyphilic / diagnosis. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Female. Humans. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15584043.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Chen X, Liu HY, Li Y: [Retroperitoneal laparoscopic enucleation of the renal hamartoma]. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2006 Aug;31(4):604-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Retroperitoneal laparoscopic enucleation of the renal hamartoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the operative technique and the clinical value of retroperitoneal laparoscopic enucleation of the renal hamartoma.
  • METHODS: Twenty-five patients of renal hamartoma received retroperitoneal laparoscopic enucleation.
  • The renal hamartoma was confirmed through a pathological diagnosis during the operation.
  • CONCLUSION: Retroperitoneal laparoscopic enucleation of the renal hamartoma is safe and effective, whose advantages include minimal invasive, less blood loss, short hospital stay, and rapid convalescence.
  • [MeSH-major] Hamartoma / surgery. Kidney Diseases / surgery. Laparoscopy

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  • (PMID = 16951530.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-7347
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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34. Byrd GF, Lawatsch EJ, Mesrobian HG, Begun F, Langenstroer P: Laparoscopic cryoablation of renal angiomyolipoma. J Urol; 2006 Oct;176(4 Pt 1):1512-6; discussion 1516
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic cryoablation of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • PURPOSE: Angiomyolipomas are rare benign renal tumors which occasionally require intervention.
  • Preservation of renal function is essential when treating renal angiomyolipoma in patients with multiple or bilateral lesions.
  • We report on the first series of patients with renal angiomyolipoma treated with laparoscopic cryoablation.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven patients with pathologically confirmed renal angiomyolipoma underwent laparoscopic cryoablation.
  • Six patients were female, and 2 patients had associated tuberous sclerosis and multiple bilateral angiomyolipoma.
  • Renal function was preserved, with mean preoperative and postoperative creatinine 0.83 (range 0.6 to 1.6) and 0.91 (range 0.7 to 1.8), respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic cryoablation is a safe and feasible minimally invasive, nephron sparing alternative for the treatment of angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Cryosurgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Laparoscopy

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  • (PMID = 16952669.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-5347
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Huang KH, Huang CY, Chung SD, Pu YS, Shun CT, Chen J: Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney. J Formos Med Assoc; 2007 Feb;106(2 Suppl):S51-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney.
  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a common benign renal tumor composed of thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose tissue, but the malignant epithelioid variant is extremely rare.
  • Computed tomography showed a heterogeneously enhanced mass without fat density in the left kidney.
  • HMB-45 immunoreactivity is a useful marker to make diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 17493897.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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36. Oishi K, Fukuda S, Sakimoto H, Eto T, Takahashi M, Nishida T: Angiomyolipoma of the colon: report of a case. Surg Today; 2009;39(11):998-1001

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma of the colon: report of a case.
  • Angiomyolipomas are benign mesenchymal tumors mostly arising from the kidney.
  • Angiomyolipoma of the colon is extremely rare.
  • A histopathological examination showed that the tumor of 5.7 cm in diameter included smooth muscle (spindle cell type), mature adipose tissue, and vessels, and therefore a diagnosis of angiomyolipoma was made.
  • A submucosal type of angiomyolipoma of the colon is extremely rare.
  • If a renal angiomyolipoma is larger than 4 cm, there is a risk of rupture.
  • When colonoscopy shows a submucosal tumor of the colon with hemorrhage, angiomyolipoma should be considered.
  • If an angiomyolipoma of the colon is large, surgical resection should be considered as a treatment option due to the risk of hemorrhage.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2002 Apr;26(4):523-9 [11914633.001]
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  • (PMID = 19882325.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-2813
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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37. Pancholi V, Munjal K, Jain M, Munjal S, Agrawal R, Nandedkar S: Preoperative diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma with fine needle aspiration cytology: a report of 3 cases. Acta Cytol; 2006 Jul-Aug;50(4):466-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Preoperative diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma with fine needle aspiration cytology: a report of 3 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiomyolipoma is a rare benign neoplasm, commonly involving the kidney.
  • Preoperative diagnosis on fine needle aspiration cytology can confirm the diagnosis, reducing the chances of unnecessary surgery.
  • CASES: We studied cases of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) presenting within 1 year with palpable renal masses confirmed on ultrasound to be of renal origin.
  • Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) smears showed a few cohesive syncytial fragments with adipocytes, spindle cells and isolated single cells with foamy cytoplasm; a diagnosis of AML was made.
  • The diagnosis was confirmed on histopathology, which showed mature adipose tissue, tortuous and thick-walled blood vessels lacking elastic tissue lamina and bundles of smooth muscles that seemed to emanate from the blood vessels.
  • CONCLUSION: A preoperative diagnosis of renal AML is of great importance for correct management.
  • Preoperative FNAC along with computed tomographic findings and immunocytochemical analysis of FNAC smears with HNB-45 can confirm the diagnosis of AML, thus preventing unindicated nephrectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16901016.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Incedayi M, Turba UC, Arslan B, Sabri SS, Saad WE, Matsumoto AH, Angle JF: Endovascular therapy for patients with renal angiomyolipoma presenting with retroperitoneal haemorrhage. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg; 2010 Jun;39(6):739-44
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endovascular therapy for patients with renal angiomyolipoma presenting with retroperitoneal haemorrhage.
  • We report our experience treating four patients with acutely bleeding angiomyolipoma (AML) of sizes between 4 and 12 cm who were managed with endovascular embolisation with a mean follow-up of 10 months.
  • AML should be in the differential diagnosis of acutely bleeding renal masses, even when there is no fat assessed by computed tomography (CT) imaging in the renal mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Catheterization / methods. Embolization, Therapeutic / methods. Hemorrhage / therapy. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Angiography. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy. Retroperitoneal Space. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg. 2011 Jan;41(1):134; author reply 135 [20961776.001]
  • (PMID = 20096610.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of vascular and endovascular surgery : the official journal of the European Society for Vascular Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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39. Xu ZF, Xu HX, Xie XY, Liu GJ, Zheng YL, Lu MD: Renal cell carcinoma and renal angiomyolipoma: differential diagnosis with real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med; 2010 May;29(5):709-17
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Renal cell carcinoma and renal angiomyolipoma: differential diagnosis with real-time contrast-enhanced ultrasonography.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in differentiating renal cell carcinoma (RCC) from renal angiomyolipoma (RAML).
  • METHODS: One hundred nineteen patients with 126 renal lesions (33 RAMLs and 93 RCCs) who had undergone CEUS were retrospectively studied.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / ultrasonography. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / ultrasonography. Kidney Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Phospholipids. Sulfur Hexafluoride. Ultrasonography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Computer Systems. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 20427782.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-9613
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Phospholipids; 0 / contrast agent BR1; WS7LR3I1D6 / Sulfur Hexafluoride
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40. Kato I, Inayama Y, Yamanaka S, Ohshiro H, Gomi K, Shirai S, Aoki I, Uemura H, Miyoshi Y, Kubota Y, Yao M, Nagashima Y: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney. Pathol Int; 2009 Jan;59(1):38-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney.
  • Epithelioid angiomyolipoma (eAMLoma) is an uncommon renal mesenchymal tumor with malignant potential and is frequently associated with tuberous sclerosis (TSC).
  • Differential diagnosis from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is often challenging because of its epithelioid morphology.
  • The male TSC patient had microscopic conventional AMLomas in the same kidney.
  • The possibility of eAMLoma should be evaluated as a diagnostic candidate, especially in cases of renal tumors (i) in young patients;.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 19121090.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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41. Theodosopoulos T, Yiallourou A, Kyriazi M, Anastasopoulos G, Kairi-Vassilatou E, Dafnios N, Vassiliou I: Unilateral simultaneous renal oncocytoma and angiomyolipoma: case report. Cases J; 2009;2:9093

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unilateral simultaneous renal oncocytoma and angiomyolipoma: case report.
  • A rare case of synchronous angiomyolipoma and oncocytoma in the same kidney of a 70 year old man is presented.
  • A left renal mass was found incidentally by ultrasound.
  • Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 1,3 cm mass in the mid-portion of the left kidney, whereas on the lower pole of the same kidney, a 3,3 cm mass was also revealed, consistent with angiomyolipoma.
  • A working diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma was made.
  • Microscopically, the tumor of the lower pole was found to be an angiomyolipoma, whereas the mid-portion tumor was an oncocytoma.
  • Until now, only 16 cases of unilateral simultaneous presence of renal angiomyolipoma and oncocytoma have been reported.
  • It is well worth remarking, that renal oncocytoma overlap with other renal neoplasms, therefore nephrectomy remains the treatment of choice.Renal angiomyolipoma and oncocytoma are uncommon neoplasms and their simultaneous presence in the same kidney is rare.

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  • (PMID = 20062730.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2803890
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42. Zhu J, Liu RB, Zhou XP, Wu ZF, Lu CY, Wang N: [CT differentiation of renal angiomyolipoma and renal cell carcinoma]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2005 Mar;36(2):257-60
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  • [Title] [CT differentiation of renal angiomyolipoma and renal cell carcinoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To improve the diagnosis of atypical renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) by use of CT to differentiate RAML from renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 15807282.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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43. Winterkorn EB, Daouk GH, Anupindi S, Thiele EA: Tuberous sclerosis complex and renal angiomyolipoma: case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Nephrol; 2006 Aug;21(8):1189-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tuberous sclerosis complex and renal angiomyolipoma: case report and review of the literature.
  • A 5-year-old boy with a known diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis complex was found to have an enlarging renal mass on routine ultrasound.
  • He was diagnosed with an angiomyolipoma (AML) and scheduled for close observation.
  • Angiomyolipoma is a known and well-described complication of the tuberous sclerosis complex that is usually found among patients in their adolescent and adult years.
  • The case presented here illustrates the need for early and repeated renal imaging of younger pediatric patients with tuberous sclerosis.
  • Our experience adds to the literature on young pediatric patients requiring embolization for treatment of large renal angiomyolipomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / etiology. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 16791610.001).
  • [ISSN] 0931-041X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 27
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44. Gaikwad AB, Madathil MB, Kothari AS: Giant renal angiomyolipoma with fatal hemorrhage due to a large pseudoaneurysm. J Clin Ultrasound; 2008 Mar-Apr;36(3):174-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant renal angiomyolipoma with fatal hemorrhage due to a large pseudoaneurysm.
  • We report a case of giant renal angiomyolipoma (AML) with a large pseudoaneurysm causing fatal hemorrhage.
  • Sonographic examination revealed a large hyperechoic renal mass.
  • CT examination of the abdomen revealed a 15-cm AML of the right kidney with a large hemorrhagic area within it.
  • Subsequent color Doppler examination revealed a 2.9-cm pseudoaneurysm arising from the upper segmental branch of the right renal artery.
  • The autopsy findings confirmed a large right renal AML containing a thrombosed pseudoaneurysm and a large perinephric hematoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / complications. Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Hemorrhage / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Acute Kidney Injury / etiology. Fatal Outcome. Female. Heart Arrest / etiology. Hematoma / diagnosis. Hematoma / etiology. Humans. Kidney / radiography. Kidney / ultrasonography. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color

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  • [Copyright] (Copyright) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17636505.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-2751
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Singh K, Pai RR, Kini H, Kini UA: Cutaneous angiomyolipoma. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2009 Apr-Jun;52(2):242-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cutaneous angiomyolipoma.
  • This lesion, probably hamartomatous in nature, differs from renal angiomyolipoma in terms of nonassociation with tuberous sclerosis, circumscription, and male predominance.
  • Differential diagnosis includes angiolipoma, angioleiomyoma, hemangioma, and myolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Chin / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19332927.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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46. Togo Y, Hashimoto T, Yasuda K, Higuchi Y, Maruyama T, Yamamoto S, Kondo N, Nojima M, Takiuchi H, Mori Y, Hirota S, Shima H: [Spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2005 Dec;51(12):797-9
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  • [Title] [Spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma: a case report].
  • Computed tomography demonstrated retroperitoneal hematoma associated with minus-density area, diagnosed as spontaneous rupture of angiomyolipoma.
  • Super-selective transarterial embolization was performed, but anemia and right abdominal pain became worse in spite of conservative therapy including transfusion, indicating re-rupture of the renal tumor.
  • Accurate diagnosis and prompt treatment are required when life-threatening rupture of renal tumor is suspected.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Nephrectomy

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  • (PMID = 16440726.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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47. Mullerad M, Hidas G, Kastin A, Issaq E, Moskovitz B, Nativ O: [Nephron sparing surgery as a treatment modality for renal angiomyolipoma]. Harefuah; 2005 Sep;144(9):619-21, 678, 677
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Nephron sparing surgery as a treatment modality for renal angiomyolipoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus concerning the indications for active treatment (selective angioembolization (SAE) or surgery) versus observation alone, and the treatment modality for patients with renal angiomyolipoma (AML).
  • Our study aimed to analyze the results of long-term follow-up of patients with renal AML treated by nephron-sparing surgery (NSS).
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of thirteen patients with renal AML were retrospectively reviewed for clinical and histopathologic features.
  • Overall, eight patients were symptomatic at diagnosis.
  • The mean follow-up period was 26 months (range: 6-62 months) and during that time there was no evidence of recurrence or decreased renal function.
  • Only one patient developed AML in the contralateral kidney, there was one case of incisional hernia and another patient continued to suffer from flank pain.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study suggest that NSS is a safe and effective treatment modality for renal AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy. Nephrons

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  • (PMID = 16218531.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-7768
  • [Journal-full-title] Harefuah
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Harefuah
  • [Language] heb
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Israel
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48. Lee F, Aaronson DS, Blaschko S, Barbosa P, Wu AK, Eisenberg M, Erickson BA, McAninch JW: Selective arterial embolization of angiomyolipoma leading to pulmonary hypertension. Can J Urol; 2010 Jun;17(3):5232-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Selective arterial embolization of angiomyolipoma leading to pulmonary hypertension.
  • OBJECTIVES: To report two cases of secondary pulmonary hypertension resulting from microsphere extravasation following selective arterial embolization of renal angiomyolipoma, its diagnosis, and management.
  • METHODS: We reviewed the cases of two patients at the University of California, San Francisco, treated with selective arterial embolization for management of their angiomyolipoma (AML) using Tris-Acryl Gelatin Microspheres.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Embolization, Therapeutic / adverse effects. Hypertension, Pulmonary / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy


49. Koo KC, Kim WT, Ham WS, Lee JS, Ju HJ, Choi YD: Trends of presentation and clinical outcome of treated renal angiomyolipoma. Yonsei Med J; 2010 Sep;51(5):728-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Trends of presentation and clinical outcome of treated renal angiomyolipoma.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to set guidelines for the management of renal angiomyolipoma (AML), clinical prognosis according to tumor size, in association with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), multiplicity, radiographic finding, and treatment modality.
  • Diagnosis of AML was determined by the presence of a low attenuated component on CT imaging or by pathological confirmation.
  • Indications of treatment were intractable pain, hematuria, suspicion of malignancy, large tumor size, spontaneous rupture, and radiographically equivocal tumors in which a differential diagnosis was needed to rule out malignancy.
  • No patient developed renal function impairment during the mean follow-up period of 64.8 months.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20635448.001).
  • [ISSN] 1976-2437
  • [Journal-full-title] Yonsei medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Yonsei Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2908871
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50. Simpfendorfer C, Herts BR, Motta-Ramirez GA, Lockwood DS, Zhou M, Leiber M, Remer EM: Angiomyolipoma with minimal fat on MDCT: can counts of negative-attenuation pixels aid diagnosis? AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2009 Feb;192(2):438-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma with minimal fat on MDCT: can counts of negative-attenuation pixels aid diagnosis?
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether counts of pixels with subzero attenuation on CT scans can aid in the diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma with minimal fat.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 33 angiomyolipomas identified among 719 renal masses resected from 702 patients over 4 years, 15 masses in 15 patients were prospectively diagnosed on the basis of the presence of fat at MDCT.
  • The 18 patients with minimal-fat angiomyolipoma and a matched (age, sex, tumor size) cohort of patients with renal cell carcinoma were included in this study.
  • CONCLUSION: CT findings of more than 20 pixels with attenuation less than -20 HU and more than 5 pixels with attenuation less than -30 HU have a positive predictive value of 100% in detection of angiomyolipoma, but most angiomyolipomas with minimal fat cannot be reliably identified on the basis of an absolute pixel count.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / radiography. Chi-Square Distribution. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Prospective Studies. ROC Curve. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 19155407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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51. Haritharan T, Sritharan S, Bhimji S: Renal angiomyolipoma with inferior vena caval involvement. Med J Malaysia; 2006 Oct;61(4):493-5
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  • [Title] Renal angiomyolipoma with inferior vena caval involvement.
  • Renal angiomyolipomas are innocuous benign tumours which rarely behave aggressively.
  • She was diagnosed with renal angiomyolipoma of the right kidney complicated by inferior vena caval tumour thrombosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Vascular Neoplasms / secondary. Vena Cava, Inferior / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17243531.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-5283
  • [Journal-full-title] The Medical journal of Malaysia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. J. Malaysia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
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52. Nicola M, Gulfi G, Milanesi S, De Luca F: Spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma in pregnancy at 15 weeks gestation. Arch Ital Urol Androl; 2007 Dec;79(4):179-80
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  • [Title] Spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma in pregnancy at 15 weeks gestation.
  • Renal angiomyolipoma (AML) is a rare bening tumor of kidney origin.
  • We report a case of a spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma in a 37-year-old pregnant woman.

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  • (PMID = 18303739.001).
  • [ISSN] 1124-3562
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia : organo ufficiale [di] Societa italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Ital Urol Androl
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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53. Berglund RK, Bernstein M, Manion MT, Touijer KA, Russo P: Incidental angiomyolipoma resected during renal surgery for an enhancing renal mass. BJU Int; 2009 Dec;104(11):1650-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidental angiomyolipoma resected during renal surgery for an enhancing renal mass.
  • OBJECTIVE: To review the outcomes of surgery for renal angiomyolipoma (AML, a benign renal neoplasm that often appears as an enhancing renal mass on imaging) removed at a centre that manages AML conservatively, as typically the presence of tumour fat content detected on imaging leads to its diagnosis, but occasionally these tumours resemble conventional RCC, leading to their surgical extirpation.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively report data on 44 consecutive patients who had renal surgery with a pathological diagnosis of AML at our institution from 1988 to 2008.
  • RESULTS: Of the 44 patients (40 women, 91%, and four men, 9%), most were asymptomatic (36, 82%), were unsuspected on imaging (40, 91%), had a solitary lesion (38, 86%), and all had a normal contralateral kidney.
  • Perioperative complications occurred in 10 patients (23%), and a total of seven renal units (16%) were lost.
  • Ten patients (23%) had chronic kidney disease (CKD) before surgery, while new onset CKD developed in six (14%) at the last follow-up.
  • CONCLUSIONS: AML is a benign renal neoplasm that should be treated conservatively.
  • Surgical intervention should be avoided, when possible, as it can lead to perioperative complications, loss of renal units, and development of CKD.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Nephrectomy / methods. Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Incidental Findings. Male. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19519761.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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54. Kushwaha R, Dhawan I, Arora R, Gupta K, Dhupia JS: Multifocal renal angiomyolipoma presenting as massive intraabdominal hemorrhage. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2010 Apr-Jun;53(2):340-1
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  • [Title] Multifocal renal angiomyolipoma presenting as massive intraabdominal hemorrhage.
  • Angiomyolipomata of the kidney are unusual lesions composed of abnormal thick walled blood vessels, smooth muscle and adipose elements.
  • An unusual case of multifocal renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis and presenting as massive intra abdominal hemorrhage is reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Hemorrhage / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20551552.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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55. Wienecke R, Fackler I, Linsenmaier U, Mayer K, Licht T, Kretzler M: Antitumoral activity of rapamycin in renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. Am J Kidney Dis; 2006 Sep;48(3):e27-9
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  • [Title] Antitumoral activity of rapamycin in renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis complex.
  • A 19-year old patient with tuberous sclerosis presented with a renal angiomyolipoma.
  • Because animal trials of tuberous sclerosis showed an effect of rapamycin on renal tumors, our patient was administered rapamycin for 6 months.
  • During this time, the renal angiomyolipoma shrank significantly, regrew during an 8-month period, and decreased in size again after readministration of rapamycin.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / drug therapy. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Kidney Neoplasms / drug therapy. Sirolimus / therapeutic use. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 16931204.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-6838
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Kidney Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; W36ZG6FT64 / Sirolimus
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56. Guevara N, Lassalle S, Castillo L, Butori C, Santini J: [Angiomyolipoma of the parotid gland]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac; 2008 Apr;125(2):90-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Angiomyolipoma of the parotid gland].
  • INTRODUCTION: Angiomyolipoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor.
  • It often arises in the kidney and in association with tuberous sclerosis or lymphangioléiomyomatosis.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report a case of angiomyolipoma located in the parotid gland.
  • Partial parotidectomy was performed and the tumor showed the characteristic appearance of angiomyolipoma, with an admixture of fat smooth cells and tortuous thick-walled blood vessels.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18280455.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-438X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales d'oto-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico faciale : bulletin de la Société d'oto-laryngologie des hôpitaux de Paris
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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57. López Fernández A, Lacasta García JD, Puig Giro R, Vicente de Vera P: [Kidney angiomyolipoma as aetiology of haemorragic shock]. Actas Urol Esp; 2008 Sep;32(8):855-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Kidney angiomyolipoma as aetiology of haemorragic shock].
  • [Transliterated title] Angimiolipoma renal como causa de shock hemorrágico agudo.
  • This is a case of retroperitoneal hematoma and hypovolemic shock as a presentation of renal angiomyolipoma, a rarely benign and asymptomatic tumor.
  • Although that kind of tumor needs non-aggressive treatment, as a general rule, because of the size and severity of the following symptoms, the patient has been submitted to a selective embolization of the renal mass when he was hemodinamically stabilized.
  • The evolution was favorable; it was not necessary to do more aggressive surgical handling neither to urgently remove the angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Shock, Hemorrhagic / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19013987.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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58. Yang Y, Song Y, Hong BF: [The use of balloon catheter in surgical treatment of renal angiomyolipoma with a caval thrombus: 1 case report and literature review]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Jun 15;45(12):836-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The use of balloon catheter in surgical treatment of renal angiomyolipoma with a caval thrombus: 1 case report and literature review].
  • OBJECTIVE: To present one cases of the use of balloon catheter in surgical treatment of renal angiomyolipoma involving the renal vein and vena cava as a tumor thrombus and review literatures.
  • METHODS: Abdominal ultrasound and CT and MRI demonstrated a large right renal mass with tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava.
  • RESULTS: The pathological diagnosis was angiomyolipoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Renal angiomyolipoma with a tumor thrombus should be paid more attention.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Balloon Occlusion. Embolectomy / methods. Embolism / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17845787.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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59. Granata A, Basile A, Figuera M, Mignani R, Fiore CE: Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to massive rupture of renal angiomyolipoma treated with nephrectomy: an unusual onset of tuberous sclerosis complex. Clin Nephrol; 2009 Apr;71(4):441-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to massive rupture of renal angiomyolipoma treated with nephrectomy: an unusual onset of tuberous sclerosis complex.
  • Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a genetic and systemic disorder characterized by benign hamartomatous tumors that involve multiple organ systems.
  • Renal angiomyolipomas are documented in approximately 40 - 80% of tuberous sclerosis patients and usually are small and asymptomatic.
  • In these cases diagnosis can be difficult but definitive only after the histological examination or the systemic investigation of other possible tissue involvements.
  • We describe the case of a 28 year old woman who came to the emergency department with acute postprandial abdominal pain and severe anemia due to hemorrhagic renal angiomyolipoma treated by nephrectomy in whom the following examination led to the diagnosis of TSC.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Hemorrhage / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Retroperitoneal Space. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Nephrectomy. Rupture, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 19356378.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0430
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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60. Painuly GP, Goyal S, Nautiyal S: Giant renal angiomyolipoma. BMJ Case Rep; 2009;2009

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant renal angiomyolipoma.
  • Ultrasound revealed a large retroperitoneal tumour with fatty elements, arising from the right kidney.
  • Findings of the computed tomography scan were typical for renal angiomyolipoma.

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  • (PMID = 22171231.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3027913
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61. Knight CS, Cerfolio RJ, Winokur TS: Angiomyolipoma of the anterior mediastinum. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2008 Aug;12(4):293-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma of the anterior mediastinum.
  • Angiomyolipoma is a benign tumor composed of varying proportions of smooth muscle cells, blood vessels, and adipose tissue that most commonly occurs in the kidney.
  • We present the case of an incidentally discovered angiomyolipoma in the anterior mediastinum.
  • Immunohistochemical stains revealed positivity for smooth muscle actin and HMB-45, revealing the expression of smooth muscle and melanocytic markers characteristic of angiomyolipoma and other lesions in the PEComa family.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Mediastinal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Thymoma / pathology. Thymus Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18620999.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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62. Wright T, Sooriakumaran P: Renal angiomyolipoma presenting with massive retroperitoneal haemorrhage due to deranged clotting factors: a case report. Cases J; 2008;1(1):213

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Renal angiomyolipoma presenting with massive retroperitoneal haemorrhage due to deranged clotting factors: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiomyolipomata of the kidney are unusual lesions composed of abnormal vasculature, smooth muscle, and adipose elements.
  • The underlying diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma was diagnosed based on CT findings.
  • Emergency resuscitation and selective interpolar arterial embolization was performed which saved the patient's life as well as his kidney.
  • CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the clinical scenario of massive retroperitoneal haemorrhage in an anticoagulated patient with renal angiomyolipomata.
  • In the emergent situation, adequate resuscitation along ABC principles, as well as control of haemorrhage with either nephrectomy (partial or radical), non-selective renal arterial embolization, or selective embolization of the feeding vessel(s), is necessary.
  • For this to occur, it is imperative to consider the diagnosis early in warfarinized patients (and others at risk of bleeding) who present with abdominal pain.
  • The authors hope this case report highlights to readers the clinical scenario of massive retroperitoneal haemorrhage in anticoagulated patients with renal angiomyolipomata so that they can deal appropriately with such presentations.

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  • [Cites] Clin Nephrol. 1998 May;49(5):281-6 [9617489.001]
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  • (PMID = 18834543.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2567302
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63. Guan W, Bai J, Hu Z, Su Y, Zhuang Q, Ye Z: Retroperitoneoscopic microwave ablation of renal hamartoma: middle-term results. J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci; 2010 Oct;30(5):669-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retroperitoneoscopic microwave ablation of renal hamartoma: middle-term results.
  • The safety and efficacy of retroperitoneoscopic microwave ablation (MWA) in the treatment of renal hamartoma were evaluated.
  • From July 2007 to July 2009, a total of 16 cases of renal hamartoma were treated with retroperitoneoscopic MWA.
  • Retroperitoneoscopic MWA is a relatively simple procedure with less impact to renal function and less complication.
  • Thus, retroperitoneoscopic MWA appears to be a safe and effective technique for renal hamartoma in selected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Ablation Techniques / methods. Hamartoma / surgery. Kidney Diseases / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Microwaves / therapeutic use

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  • [Cites] Urol Clin North Am. 2009 May;36(2):163-78, viii [19406318.001]
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  • (PMID = 21063854.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-0733
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical sciences = Hua zhong ke ji da xue xue bao. Yi xue Ying De wen ban = Huazhong keji daxue xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen ban
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Technol. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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64. Lenton J, Kessel D, Watkinson AF: Embolization of renal angiomyolipoma: immediate complications and long-term outcomes. Clin Radiol; 2008 Aug;63(8):864-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Embolization of renal angiomyolipoma: immediate complications and long-term outcomes.
  • AIMS: To report the outcomes of elective and emergency embolization of renal angiomyolipoma and describe an angiographic sign that will help localize the symptomatic aneurysm in emergency cases.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients undergoing embolization of renal angiomyolipoma at a two centres between 1998-2007.
  • Thirteen were elective procedures for large or symptomatic angiomyolipoma and 10 were acute procedures for patients presenting with retroperitoneal haemorrhage.
  • Patients presenting acutely with haemorrhage tended to have extensive multifocal renal involvement.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Embolization of renal angiomyolipoma produces durable results.
  • The presence of the light bulb sign is a strong indicator of the site of haemorrhage within the kidney.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Embolization, Therapeutic / methods. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18625350.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-229X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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65. Koh JL, Lee YH, Kang CY, Lin CN: Simultaneous cesarean section and radical nephrectomy for angiomyolipoma with spontaneous bleeding during pregnancy: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2007 Apr;52(4):338-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Simultaneous cesarean section and radical nephrectomy for angiomyolipoma with spontaneous bleeding during pregnancy: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Renal angiomyolipoma with spontaneous bleeding during pregnancy is an extremely rare condition and may jeopardize both the mother and fetus.
  • The ethics of reproductive medicine, method of diagnosis, option for management and optimal time for surgical intervention can be arguable in this situation.
  • Abdominal sonography and renal magnetic resonance imaging revealed a hypervascular and fat-containing mass with mother and fetus bleeding at the right kidney.
  • Angiomyolipoma of the right kidney was diagnosed on pathologic examination.
  • CONCLUSION: Renal angiomyolipoma with spontaneous bleeding during pregnancy is a dangerous condition that may cause mortality in the mother and fetus, but elective, simultaneous cesarean section and radical nephrectomy can be performed safely if the hemodynamic status is stable.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Cesarean Section / methods. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Nephrectomy / methods. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17506380.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-7758
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reprod Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Panizzo V, Goi G, Moroni E, Micheletto G, Bruni B, Danelli P: [Giant angiomyolipoma of the kidney not associated with tuberous sclerosis: a case report and review of the literature]. Chir Ital; 2009 Jul-Aug;61(4):507-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Giant angiomyolipoma of the kidney not associated with tuberous sclerosis: a case report and review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiomiolipoma gigante del rene non associato a sclerosi tuberosa: presentazione di un caso clinico e revisione della letteratura.
  • The authors describe a paradigmatic case of a large renal angiomyolipoma not associated with tuberous sclerosis.
  • The impossibility of dissecting the angiomyolipoma from the right kidney obliged us to perform a nephrectomy.
  • The clinical interest of angiomyolipoma is in its rapid growth, the difficulty of distinguishing it from malignant lesions, the association with tuberous sclerosis, the presence of numerous aspecific symptoms and the difficulty of establishing the correct diagnosis and treatment strategy.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19845275.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4773
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia italiana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Ital
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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67. Graham RP, Coard KC: Angiomyolipoma of the kidney: the experience at the University Hospital of the West Indies. West Indian Med J; 2009 Dec;58(6):556-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma of the kidney: the experience at the University Hospital of the West Indies.
  • OBJECTIVE: Angiomyolipoma (AML) of the kidney is an uncommon tumour that, until recently, was often misdiagnosed preoperatively as renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
  • Newer radiological techniques have allowed more accurate preoperative diagnosis which can facilitate preoperative counselling and planning for conservative therapy.
  • These included patient demographics, clinical history, clinical diagnosis and pathologic characteristics of the specimen submitted.
  • The total number of primary renal tumours diagnosed in adults during the same period was also determined for comparison.
  • RESULTS: Eleven cases of AML were identified among 149 primary renal tumours in adults.
  • The correct clinical diagnosis was made pre-operatively in a single case.
  • By contrast, a diagnosis of RCC or other malignant tumour was proffered in eight cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Hospitals, University. Humans. Jamaica. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Sex Factors. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20583682.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-3144
  • [Journal-full-title] The West Indian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Indian Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Jamaica
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68. Mongha R, Bansal P, Dutta A, Das RK, Kundu AK: Wunderlich's syndrome with hepatic angiomyolipoma in tuberous sclerosis. Indian J Cancer; 2008 Apr-Jun;45(2):64-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Wunderlich's syndrome with hepatic angiomyolipoma in tuberous sclerosis.
  • We present a patient of tuberous sclerosis complex with bilateral renal angiomyolipoma and hepatic angiomyolipoma with spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage from right angiomyolipoma (Wunderlich's syndrome).
  • Nephron preserving approach was tried but the right kidney could not be salvaged.
  • Hepatic angiomyolipoma was managed conservatively.
  • Wunderlich's syndrome has been found in around 10% of cases of renal angiomyolipomas.
  • Hepatic Angiomyolipoma is a benign mesenchymal neoplasm of the liver which is rarely reported in literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Hemorrhage / etiology. Kidney Diseases / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Liver Neoplasms / complications. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications


69. Ban D, Yamamoto S, Kuno H, Fujimoto H, Fujita S, Akasu T, Moriya Y: A case of huge colon carcinoma and right renal angiomyolipoma accompanied by proximal deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and tumor thrombus in the renal vein. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2008 Oct;38(10):710-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of huge colon carcinoma and right renal angiomyolipoma accompanied by proximal deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and tumor thrombus in the renal vein.
  • The patient in the present report had two huge tumors, ascending colon cancer and renal angiomyolipoma, which occupied the entire right half of the abdomen, coexisting PE, DVT and tumor thrombus in the right renal vein.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Pulmonary Embolism / etiology. Renal Veins / pathology. Thrombosis / etiology. Venous Thrombosis / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Vena Cava Filters


70. Takahashi K, Yano Y, Miyata Y, Terai T: [Anesthetic management of a patient with pulmonary tuberous sclerosis complicated with renal angiomyolipoma]. Masui; 2009 May;58(5):641-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Anesthetic management of a patient with pulmonary tuberous sclerosis complicated with renal angiomyolipoma].
  • She suffered from tuberous sclerosis and was complicated with lymphangioleiomyomatosis and renal angiomyolipoma.
  • This case was managed carefully to avoid pneumothorax and acute bleeding from renal angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Anesthesia, Epidural. Anesthesia, Spinal. Angiomyolipoma / complications. Hysterectomy. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / complications. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 19462808.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-4892
  • [Journal-full-title] Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Masui
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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71. Lin MS, Hung YS, Wu HH, Kuo MC, Shiu TF, Chuang CK, Shih LY, Chu PH: Polycythemia vera as a presentation of renal angiomyolipoma: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2009;3:90

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Polycythemia vera as a presentation of renal angiomyolipoma: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Angiomyolipoma is a common benign renal tumor composed of thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose tissue.
  • It may be found incidentally during workup for suspected renal disease.
  • Although angiomyolipoma may present as a palpable, tender renal mass with flank pain and gross or microscopic hematuria, many patients are asymptomatic.
  • This report describes a rare case of a woman diagnosed with renal angiomyolipoma and polycythemia vera.
  • The report discusses the differential diagnosis using erythropoietin, erythropoietin-receptor and Janus kinase 2.
  • An upper left renal pole angiomyolipoma was successfully ablated after multiple phlebotomy treatments.
  • CONCLUSION: Concurrent occurence of angiomyolipoma and polycythemia vera is rare.
  • Surgical intervention for this renal tumor should be avoided unless malignancy or renal cell carcinoma is suspected or to prevent spontaneous rupture of larger tumors.

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  • [Cites] Hematology. 2007 Apr;12(2):123-30 [17454193.001]
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  • (PMID = 19946506.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2783089
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72. Corso R, Carrafiello G, Rampoldi A, Leni D, Ticca C, Vercelli R, Vanzulli A: Pseudoaneurysm after spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma in tuberous sclerosis: successful treatment with percutaneous thrombin injection. Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol; 2005 Mar-Apr;28(2):262-4
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  • [Title] Pseudoaneurysm after spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma in tuberous sclerosis: successful treatment with percutaneous thrombin injection.
  • We report a case of a large perinephric pseudoaneurysm due to spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma, occluded by percutaneous thrombin injection under ultrasound guidance in a young woman affected by tuberous sclerosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneurysm, False / etiology. Angiomyolipoma / complications. Embolization, Therapeutic / methods. Hemostatics / therapeutic use. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Thrombin / therapeutic use. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 15719182.001).
  • [ISSN] 0174-1551
  • [Journal-full-title] Cardiovascular and interventional radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hemostatics; EC 3.4.21.5 / Thrombin
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73. Sawazaki H, Yoshikawa T, Taki Y, Takeuchi H: [A case of angiomyolipoma in a horseshoe kidney]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2007 Aug;53(8):557-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of angiomyolipoma in a horseshoe kidney].
  • On computed tomography (CT), a left renal tumor in a horseshoe kidney was incidentally pointed out.
  • CT scan showed a 1.8-cm enhanced tumor in the upper pole of the left kidney.
  • Since renal cell carcinoma could not be excluded preoperatively, left partial nephrectomy was performed.
  • Pathological diagnosis was a renal angiomyolipoma.
  • The incidence of horseshoe kidney is 1 in 400.
  • However, a case of angiomyolipoma simultaneously with a horseshoe kidney is very rare, this being the 7th case in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / etiology. Kidney / abnormalities. Kidney Neoplasms / etiology. Nephrectomy

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  • (PMID = 17874547.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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74. Chen P, Yuan T, Liu H: Hepatic angiomyolipoma mimicking hepatic clear cell carcinoma. J Int Med Res; 2009 Jan-Feb;37(1):257-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hepatic angiomyolipoma mimicking hepatic clear cell carcinoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma usually involves the kidney and rarely affects the liver.
  • This study reports a case of angiomyolipoma of the liver in a 47-year-old Chinese woman.
  • Partial hepatectomy was performed after a tentative diagnosis of clear cell carcinoma of the liver by needle biopsy.
  • Histopathological examination of the resected specimen revealed angiomyolipoma originating in the liver.
  • To our knowledge this is the first documented case of an angiomyolipoma arising in the liver mimicking hepatic clear cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / classification. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / classification. Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Creatine Kinase / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. alpha-Fetoproteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19215699.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-0605
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of international medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Int. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins; EC 2.7.3.2 / Creatine Kinase
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75. Rimon U, Duvdevani M, Garniek A, Golan G, Bensaid P, Ramon J, Morag B: Ethanol and polyvinyl alcohol mixture for transcatheter embolization of renal angiomyolipoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2006 Sep;187(3):762-8
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  • [Title] Ethanol and polyvinyl alcohol mixture for transcatheter embolization of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the immediate and midterm effects of embolization of the angiogenic component of renal angiomyolipoma in which a mixture of ethanol and polyvinyl alcohol is used as a permanent obliterator.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen patients with 18 renal angiomyolipomas (size range, 5.5-20 cm; mean size, 10 cm) were treated with transcatheter embolization over an 8-year period.
  • CONCLUSION: We found a mixture of ethanol and polyvinyl alcohol an efficient embolizing agent with a sustained midterm effect in the management of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Embolization, Therapeutic / methods. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16928942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Sclerosing Solutions; 3K9958V90M / Ethanol; 9002-89-5 / Polyvinyl Alcohol
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76. Coumbaras M, Dahan H, Strauss C, Bouzar N, Lenoir S, Vallancien G, Palau R: [Renal angiomyolipoma complicated by extension to the renal vein and inferior vena cava]. J Radiol; 2006 May;87(5):572-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Renal angiomyolipoma complicated by extension to the renal vein and inferior vena cava].
  • Renal angiomyolipomas are renal hamartomas.
  • We report a case of angiomyolipoma with sonographic and CT evidence of extension to the renal vein and inferior vena cava.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Renal Veins. Vascular Neoplasms / diagnosis. Vena Cava, Inferior

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  • (PMID = 16733416.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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77. Nepple KG, Bockholt NA, Dahmoush L, Williams RD: Giant renal angiomyolipoma without fat density on CT scan: case report and review of the literature. ScientificWorldJournal; 2010;10:1334-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant renal angiomyolipoma without fat density on CT scan: case report and review of the literature.
  • Giant renal angiomyolipomas have been reported, but typically have the pathognomonic finding of fat density on CT scan.
  • We present the case of a 53-year-old male with a symptomatic, 35-cm, predominantly cystic renal mass without fat density on CT that on nephrectomy was found to be a fat-poor angiomyolipoma with predominantly epithelioid morphology weighing 17.9 kg.
  • Giant renal angiomyolipoma without macroscopic fat density on CT scan is an exceedingly rare occurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 20623093.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-744X
  • [Journal-full-title] TheScientificWorldJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ScientificWorldJournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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78. Acikalin MF, Tel N, Oner U, Pasaoglu O, Dönmez T: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney. Int J Urol; 2005 Feb;12(2):204-7
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  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney.
  • Epithelioid angiomyolipoma is a recently recognized variant of angiomyolipoma, which is characterized by the presence of polygonal cells with densely eosinophilic cytoplasm and varying degrees of nuclear atypia.
  • Only a relatively small number of cases of epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney have been reported in the literature.
  • We report a case of epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney that occurred in a 38-year-old woman.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15733117.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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79. Kosciesza S, Möhring C, Kirchner J, Rühl G, Goepel M: [Spontaneous renal angiomyolipoma rupture. Rare differential diagnosis of renal ruptures]. Urologe A; 2007 Aug;46(8):923-6
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  • [Title] [Spontaneous renal angiomyolipoma rupture. Rare differential diagnosis of renal ruptures].
  • Spontaneous renal rupture is a rare but nevertheless life-threatening complication in cases of benign and malignant space-occupying lesions in the kidneys.
  • We report on a 50-year-old female patient with a retroperitoneal hematoma due to a spontaneous renal rupture for which an angiomyolipoma could only by diagnosed after the nephrectomy with histological work-up.
  • As shown in this case, when the radiological result is ambiguous, renal exposure is indicated from both a diagnostic and therapeutic standpoint.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Kidney Diseases / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdomen, Acute / etiology. Angiography. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Kidney / blood supply. Kidney / pathology. Middle Aged. Necrosis. Neovascularization, Pathologic / diagnosis. Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology. Neovascularization, Pathologic / surgery. Nephrectomy. Retroperitoneal Space. Rupture, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [Cites] Radiographics. 1997 Jan-Feb;17(1):129-44 [9017804.001]
  • [Cites] BMC Urol. 2002 Nov 19;2:13 [12441005.001]
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  • (PMID = 17589819.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2592
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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80. Simpson E, Patel U: Diagnosis of angiomyolipoma using computed tomography-region of interest < or =-10 HU or 4 adjacent pixels < or =-10 HU are recommended as the diagnostic thresholds. Clin Radiol; 2006 May;61(5):410-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diagnosis of angiomyolipoma using computed tomography-region of interest < or =-10 HU or 4 adjacent pixels < or =-10 HU are recommended as the diagnostic thresholds.
  • AIM: To study and compare the diagnostic accuracy of region of interest (ROI) density measurement and pixel mapping [computed tomography (CT) density of individual pixels] for the diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) using CT.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study group of histologically proven AMLs was compared with a control group of histologically proven renal cell cancers, normal renal parenchyma, and simple renal cysts.
  • RESULTS: Twenty-two AMLs, 16 renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), 30 simple cysts, and 30 sites of renal parenchyma were evaluated.
  • The mean (+/-1 SD) density of the AMLs was significantly lower [-15.2(20.8) units] than the three control groups [+36.0(8.1) units, +5.4(3.4) units and +22.2(46.5) units for RCC, renal cyst and parenchyma respectively; p < 0.001 (analysis of variance)].
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / radiography. Cross-Sectional Studies. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Kidney / radiography. Kidney Diseases, Cystic / radiography. Male. Middle Aged. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16679114.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9260
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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81. Kontos S, Politis V, Fokitis I, Lefakis G, Koritsiadis G, Simaioforidis V, Kachrilas S, Chatziplis E, Koritsiadis S: Rapture of renal angiomyolipoma during pregnancy: a case report. Cases J; 2008;1(1):245

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rapture of renal angiomyolipoma during pregnancy: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Rapture of a renal angiomyolipoma and massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage, during pregnancy is rare and occasionally fatal.
  • The ultrasound and MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) scan showed a 7 x 7 x 5 cm mass suggestive of angiomyolipoma in the right kidney, with evidence of retroperitoneal bleeding right perirenal and intrarenal haematoma.
  • The histological study of the resected mass revealed the presence of angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma with spontaneous bleeding during pregnancy is a dangerous condition that may cause mortality in the mother and fetus, but elective, simultaneous cesarean section and radical nephrectomy can be performed.

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  • (PMID = 18928528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2576180
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82. De Padua M, Gupta N, Broor SL, Govil D: Duodenal angiomyolipoma: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Jul;50(3):568-9

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  • [Title] Duodenal angiomyolipoma: a case report.
  • The authors present a case of duodenal angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma is a benign neoplasm, the most common site being the kidney.
  • Only one case of duodenal angiomyolipoma has been reported.
  • Endoscopy revealed a duodenal polyp which on histopathology revealed features of angiomyolipoma.
  • Surgical excision of angiomyolipoma is usually curative with rare cases of local recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Duodenum / pathology. Intestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [CommentIn] Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2010 Oct-Dec;53(4):859 [21045449.001]
  • (PMID = 17883138.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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83. Quicios Dorado C, Allona Almagro A: [Renal angiomyolipoma causing inferior vena cava thrombus and secondary Budd-Chiari's syndrome]. Arch Esp Urol; 2008 Apr;61(3):435-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Renal angiomyolipoma causing inferior vena cava thrombus and secondary Budd-Chiari's syndrome].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiomiolipoma renal causante de trombo en cava y síndrome de Budd-Chiari secundario.
  • OBJECTIVE: We report one case of renal angiomyolipoma with three characteristics: renal sinus origin, inferior vena cava tumor thrombus reaching the right atrium and Budd-Chiari syndrome.
  • RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: Renal angiomyolipoma is a benign mesenchymal tumor.
  • It is an uncommon tumor (2-6.4% of all kidney tumors), with a female predominance.
  • Angiomyolipoma most often originate from the renal parenchyma but they can rarely originate from the renal sinus.
  • They can involve the renal vein, the inferior vena cava and even the right atrium as a tumor thrombus.
  • Angiomyolipoma commonly present as an incidental finding on radiographic studies, but the clinical presentation varies from flank pain to fatal pulmonary tumor embolism.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Budd-Chiari Syndrome / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Vena Cava, Inferior

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  • (PMID = 18581683.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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84. Nabi N, Shaikh AH, Khalid SE: Tuberous sclerosis with bilateral renal angiomyolipoma and wunderlich's syndrome. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2007 Nov;17(11):706-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tuberous sclerosis with bilateral renal angiomyolipoma and wunderlich's syndrome.
  • This case describes a 47-year-old female with tuberous sclerosis associated with bilateral giant renal angiomyolipomas.
  • She underwent an initial renal angioembolization in August 2006.
  • After four months, she required emergency nephrectomy due to spontaneous hemorrhage from the angiomyolipoma (Wunderlich's syndrome).
  • Life threatening Wunderlich's syndrome requires emergency nephrectomy, however, renal preservation can be achieved by elective nephron sparing surgery.

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  • (PMID = 18070586.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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85. Hung MS, Chang JH, Chang CP, Tai HL: Massive epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney in a young girl. Int J Urol; 2005 Nov;12(11):998-1000
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Massive epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney in a young girl.
  • We report the case of a huge right renal tumor in a 17-year-old girl.
  • Absence of fat on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging suggested renal cell carcinoma, and surgery was performed.
  • Pathologic evaluation with HMB-45 immunohistochemical staining confirmed the diagnosis of epithelioid angiomyolipoma.
  • The tumor consisted predominantly of epithelioid cells, and it could easily be misidentified as a renal cell carcinoma due to the paucity of the fat component.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16351659.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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86. Meng YH, Pei F, Lu P, Yu JY, Zheng J: [Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of kidney: clinicopathologic study of two cases and review of literature]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Jan;36(1):19-23
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  • [Title] [Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of kidney: clinicopathologic study of two cases and review of literature].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the histopathologic features, differential diagnosis and prognosis of epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) of kidney.
  • METHODS: Two cases of EAML (including one case with recurrence) of kidney were retrieved from the archival files of Departments of Pathology, Navy General Hospital of PLA and Health Science Center of Peking University.
  • The renal hilar lymph nodes were also involved by tumor cells.
  • Perivascular cellular arrangement, focal features of otherwise classic angiomyolipoma, as well as coexpression of HMB-45 and smooth muscle actin are clues to the correct diagnosis.
  • On the other hand, the presence of lymph node involvement and even tumor emboli in renal veins may represent multifocaltumorigenicity rather than true malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Epithelioid Cells / ultrastructure. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Kidney / pathology. Kidney / ultrastructure. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Microscopy, Electron. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17374233.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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87. Rouquie D, Eggenspieler P, Algayres JP, Béchade D, Camparo P, Baranger B: [Malignant-like angiomyolipoma of the liver: report of one case and review of the literature]. Ann Chir; 2006 May;131(5):338-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Malignant-like angiomyolipoma of the liver: report of one case and review of the literature].
  • Frequently found in kidney, angiomyolipoma is a rare mesenchymal tumor when diagnosed in the liver and usually benign composed of proliferative blood vessels, fatty tissue and smooth muscle.
  • Final anatomopathologic examination revealed an epithelioïd hepatic angiomyolipoma with signs of malignant behaviour as vascular and lymphatics embolus and invaded left portal vein thrombosis.
  • A review of the literature found only two cases of malignant hepatic angiomyolipoma with fatal issue, however, their incidence must be underrated because of their scarcity and the difficulty of their diagnosis, which needs immunohistochemical confirmation with HMB 45 in particularly.
  • The latter which are important for a correct diagnosis, in order to obtain reliable data about frequency, possible malignant behaviour and therefore consensus management for hepatic angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Liver Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16386232.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3944
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Chir
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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88. Boorjian SA, Sheinin Y, Crispen PL, Lohse CM, Leibovich BC, Kwon ED: T-cell co-regulatory molecule expression in renal angiomyolipoma and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Urology; 2009 Dec;74(6):1359-64
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  • [Title] T-cell co-regulatory molecule expression in renal angiomyolipoma and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression of B7-H3 and B7-H1 in renal angiomyolipoma (AML) tumors and the related, devastating syndrome of pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM).
  • We recently reported the high expression of T-cell co-regulatory B7-H ligands in renal cell carcinoma tumor vasculature and tumor cells.
  • AML is a highly vascular tumor that most frequently emanates from the kidney.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemical methods were used to assess the tumor expression of B7-H1 and B7-H3 in paraffin-embedded tissues from 110 patients who had undergone partial or radical nephrectomy for renal AML and from 7 patients with LAM who had undergone lung biopsy.
  • B7-H3 staining was noted in a median of 90% (range 20%-100%) of cells from renal AMLs and was independent of patient age (P = .43), sex (P = .27), tumor size (P = .21), and symptomatic presentation (P = .35).
  • CONCLUSIONS: B7-H3 was expressed at high levels in renal AMLs and pulmonary LAM, and B7-H1 was infrequently expressed in these tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / metabolism. Antigens, CD / biosynthesis. Kidney Neoplasms / metabolism. Lung Neoplasms / metabolism. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / metabolism. Receptors, Immunologic / biosynthesis. T-Lymphocytes / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19501877.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA134345; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA134345-01A1
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD274; 0 / B7 Antigens; 0 / CD274 protein, human; 0 / CD276 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Immunologic
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS160050; NLM/ PMC2789880
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89. Schroeder M, Aul C: [Anti-angiogenic therapy of a renal angiomyolipoma in a seriously disabled patient suffering from multiple sclerosis]. Aktuelle Urol; 2005 Sep;36(5):430-2
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  • [Title] [Anti-angiogenic therapy of a renal angiomyolipoma in a seriously disabled patient suffering from multiple sclerosis].
  • INTRODUCTION: Angiomyolipoma, although rare, belong together with oncocytomas to the most common benign renal neoplasms.
  • Although angiomyolipoma is usually a non-invasive tumor that does not metastasize, chirurgical intervention, especially in case of large or enlarging tumors, is recommended due to their capacity to cause haemorrhage and other significant clinical complications.
  • CASE REPORT: We report the case of a renal angiomyolipoma in a female patient seriously disabled by multiple sclerosis with reduced physical and nutritional condition.
  • The woman already underwent a nephrectomy 20 years ago due to an angiomyolipoma of the opposite kidney.
  • By a four-weekly course of EGFR-inhibitor gefitinib (Iressa), we achieved a control of the angiomyolipoma and were able to prevent nephrectomy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The use of EGFR inhibitors, whose anti-proliferative activity in renal cell tumors derives not only from direct inhibition of cell proliferation, but also from the inhibition of angiogenesis, requires further investigation.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Angiomyolipoma / drug therapy. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Kidney Neoplasms / drug therapy. Multiple Sclerosis / complications. Neoplasms, Second Primary / drug therapy. Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Quinazolines / therapeutic use. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / antagonists & inhibitors

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  • (PMID = 16163606.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7868
  • [Journal-full-title] Aktuelle Urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aktuelle Urol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenesis Inhibitors; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0 / Quinazolines; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor; S65743JHBS / gefitinib
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90. Gimeno Argente V, Bosquet Sanz M, Bonillo García MA, Gómez Pérez L, Pontones Moreno JL, Jiménez Cruz JF: [Conservative surgery of bilateral renal angiomyolipoma during pregnancy]. Actas Urol Esp; 2006 Jun;30(6):633-7
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  • [Title] [Conservative surgery of bilateral renal angiomyolipoma during pregnancy].
  • [Transliterated title] Cirugía conservadora del angiomiolipoma renal bilateral durante el embarazo.
  • The existence of bilateral renal angiomyolipoma (AML) is fairly infrequent, especially when not associated with such syndromes as tuberous sclerosis or linfangioleimiomatosis.
  • Here we present the case of a 40-year-old woman who was accidentally diagnosed at week 33rd of gestation by an ultrasound, of bilateral renal AML and that could be treated with kidney sparing conservative treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16921843.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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91. Kamath A, Rosenkrantz AB, Bosniak MA: MRI findings of angiomyolipoma of the renal sinus in 5 cases. J Comput Assist Tomogr; 2010 Nov-Dec;34(6):915-20
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  • [Title] MRI findings of angiomyolipoma of the renal sinus in 5 cases.
  • The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of 5 cases of angiomyolipoma (AML) centered in the renal sinus is presented.
  • All cases exhibited similar imaging findings, including well-circumscribed margins, minimal perceived enhancement without soft tissue components, insinuation around the renal collecting system, and localized hydrocalicosis with associated localized renal parenchymal atrophy but without generalized hydronephrosis.
  • Findings in some cases included extension out of the renal sinus and presence of aneurysmal vessels.
  • Although identification of a renal parenchymal defect has been reported to be useful for the differentiation of a large exophytic AML from a perirenal liposarcoma, none of the cases in our series demonstrated this finding on MRI.
  • To our knowledge, there have been only 2 previous reported cases showing the cross-sectional imaging appearance of an AML of the renal sinus without a renal parenchymal defect.
  • In view of the shared and characteristic imaging features of the 5 cases in our series, we believe that the diagnosis of this condition can be strongly suggested by MRI despite the absence of a visible parenchymal defect.
  • While histology remains the only way to definitively establish the diagnosis, the typical imaging appearance of this entity should enable conservative management with follow-up imaging in an asymptomatic patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods

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  • (PMID = 21084909.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-3145
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of computer assisted tomography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Comput Assist Tomogr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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92. Galliot I, Albouy B, Houlle S, Secco M, Gobet F, Pfister C: [Renal angiomyolipoma with inferior vena cava extension]. Prog Urol; 2010 May;20(5):382-4
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  • [Title] [Renal angiomyolipoma with inferior vena cava extension].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiomyolipome renal à extension veineuse cave inférieure.
  • Angiomyolipoma is generally a benign and noninvasive tumor.
  • We report a case of angiomyolipoma with tumor thrombus from the renal vein into the inferior vena cava suggesting a malignant disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplastic Cells, Circulating. Vena Cava, Inferior

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20471584.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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93. Kato S, Seike K, Masue T, Yamamoto N, Maeda S: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma associated with a classic angiomyolipoma. Can J Urol; 2009 Oct;16(5):4857-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma associated with a classic angiomyolipoma.
  • We report a case of renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma that arose in association with a classic angiomyolipoma in a 54-year-old Japanese man without tuberous sclerosis.
  • On the basis of a review of the literature, we suggest that large epithelioid angiomyolipoma may have malignant potential and therefore requires close follow up.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19796467.001).
  • [ISSN] 1195-9479
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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94. Lipsky M, Richardson I, Tareen B: A case of pararenal angiomyolipoma arising from an existing exophytic angiomyolipoma. Can Urol Assoc J; 2010 Jun;4(3):E79-81

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of pararenal angiomyolipoma arising from an existing exophytic angiomyolipoma.
  • A 52-year-old healthy woman with a congenital solitary right kidney presented with an incidentally found pararenal mass.
  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed an exophytic mass in the right kidney consistent with an angiomyolipoma and an additional enhancing pararenal mass that contained fatty elements.
  • Differential diagnosis of the mass included liposarcoma and angiomyolipoma.
  • Upon exploration, the exophytic angiomyolipoma was found to be contiguous with the pararenal mass via an isthmus of fatty tissue.
  • Frozen sections were taken from both masses which confirmed that both were angiomyolipoma.
  • This is the first case reported in the literature wherein an angiomyolipoma extended extrarenally and formed a significantly larger pararenal mass.

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  • (PMID = 23293694.001).
  • [ISSN] 1920-1214
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can Urol Assoc J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3499926
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95. Morioka M, Kinugawa K, Funabiki S, Matsuda T, Furukawa Y, Wani Y: Monotypic epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney: a case report. Int J Urol; 2006 Sep;13(9):1240-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Monotypic epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney: a case report.
  • A case of monotypic variant of epithelioid angiomyolipoma (AML) observed in a 62-year old woman is reported.
  • The patient complained of abdominal fullness caused by a huge left renal mass without evidence of tuberous sclerosis complex.
  • Imaging studies showed a left renal mass with an area showing hemorrhage and necrosis.
  • The left renal mass, spleen and pancreatic tail were removed en bloc transabdominally.
  • As this tumor had none of the typical elements of classic AML, the final pathological diagnosis was monotypic epithelioid AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16984561.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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96. Hafron J, Fogarty JD, Hoenig DM, Li M, Berkenblit R, Ghavamian R: Imaging characteristics of minimal fat renal angiomyolipoma with histologic correlations. Urology; 2005 Dec;66(6):1155-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Imaging characteristics of minimal fat renal angiomyolipoma with histologic correlations.
  • OBJECTIVES: To review our experience with minimal fat angiomyolipomas (AMLs) and correlate the confirmed pathologic diagnosis with preoperative radiologic features to evaluate the feasibility of an accurate diagnosis preoperatively.
  • On rare occasions, renal AMLs contain minimal amounts of fat that are not identified on cross-sectional imaging.
  • METHODS: From November 1998 to August 2003, 6 patients (seven lesions) underwent renal surgery with the preoperative diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma as determined by preoperative imaging studies, and the finding of AML was unexpected.
  • Hounsfield unit measurement of the lesions on unenhanced computed tomography images revealed all lesions to be hyperdense relative to the normal kidney parenchyma and enhanced by at least 90 Hounsfield units or more with the administration of intravenous contrast.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Minimal fat renal AML tumors are typically hyperdense relative to the normal kidney parenchyma and demonstrate homogenous enhancement with the administration of intravenous contrast on computed tomography.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16360431.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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97. Al-Ateeqi A, Ali RH, Kehinde EO, Mujaibel K, Al-Hunayan A, Al-Harmi J: Increasing severity of haematuria with successive pregnancies in a woman with renal angiomyolipoma. Int Urol Nephrol; 2007;39(2):409-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Increasing severity of haematuria with successive pregnancies in a woman with renal angiomyolipoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a 31-year-old woman with renal angiomyolipoma (RAML) who presented with progressive massive haematuria with successive pregnancies.
  • After delivery she refused partial nephrectomy or renal embolisation.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Hematuria / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic

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  • (PMID = 17171420.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1623
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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98. Mues AC, Palacios JM, Haramis G, Casazza C, Badani K, Gupta M, McKiernan J, Benson MC, Landman J: Contemporary experience in the management of angiomyolipoma. J Endourol; 2010 Nov;24(11):1883-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Contemporary experience in the management of angiomyolipoma.
  • PURPOSE: We review our single center experience in the management of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) in patients who were treated with active surveillance (AS) or invasive treatment protocols.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospectively evaluated database was reviewed, and we identified 91 patients with the diagnosis of renal AML who presented between June 1985 and February 2009.
  • CONCLUSIONS: AML is a renal tumor that usually exhibits a benign course.

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  • (PMID = 20919915.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-900X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Gleeson FC, de la Mora Levy JG, Zhang L, Levy MJ: The differential broadens. EUS FNA appearance and cytological findings of pancreatic angiomyolipoma. JOP; 2008;9(1):67-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The differential broadens. EUS FNA appearance and cytological findings of pancreatic angiomyolipoma.
  • CONTEXT: Angiomyolipoma is a rare tumor characterized histologically by a mixture of spindle cells, adipose tissue, epithelioid cells, and vascular tissue.
  • It usually involves the kidney followed by the liver whereby the majority of affected patients are female, and many cases arise in the setting of tuberous sclerosis.
  • CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 33-year-old female with an asymptomatic incidental right renal mass suggestive of an angiomyolipoma in conjunction with numerous pancreatic masses.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The utility of EUS in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic tumors is well established.
  • This is the first known reported EUS detection and FNA confirmation of angiomyolipoma metastatic to the pancreas and should now be added to the already broad differential of metastatic pancreatic tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / ultrasonography. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Pancreatic Neoplasms / secondary. Pancreatic Neoplasms / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 18182747.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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100. Lillo ME, Marín MD, Frutos L, Navarro T, Coronado M, Martín Curto LM: [Renal angiomyolipoma and fever: assessment with isotopic renogram and 67Ga scintigraphy]. Rev Esp Med Nucl; 2005 Sep-Oct;24(5):322-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Kidney Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Renal angiomyolipoma and fever: assessment with isotopic renogram and 67Ga scintigraphy].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiomiolipoma renal y fiebre: valoración mediante renograma isotópico y gammagrafía con 67Ga.
  • Abdominal CT is performed because of suspicion of active bleeding in right hemiabdomen, following rupture of right angiomyolipoma, treated by selective arterial embolization.
  • She was referred to the Nuclear Medicine Department to perform a 67Gallium scintigraphy for the detection of infection, and static and dynamic renal scintigraphy for evaluation of the renal morphology and function.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radionuclide imaging. Gallium Radioisotopes. Kidney Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Radioisotope Renography

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  • (PMID = 16194465.001).
  • [ISSN] 0212-6982
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de medicina nuclear
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Med Nucl
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gallium Radioisotopes
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