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1. Huang KH, Huang CY, Chung SD, Pu YS, Shun CT, Chen J: Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney. J Formos Med Assoc; 2007 Feb;106(2 Suppl):S51-4
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  • [Title] Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney.
  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a common benign renal tumor composed of thick-walled blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose tissue, but the malignant epithelioid variant is extremely rare.
  • Computed tomography showed a heterogeneously enhanced mass without fat density in the left kidney.
  • The prognosis is poor in metastatic disease.
  • HMB-45 immunoreactivity is a useful marker to make diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 17493897.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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2. El-Hashemite N, Walker V, Kwiatkowski DJ: Estrogen enhances whereas tamoxifen retards development of Tsc mouse liver hemangioma: a tumor related to renal angiomyolipoma and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Cancer Res; 2005 Mar 15;65(6):2474-81
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  • [Title] Estrogen enhances whereas tamoxifen retards development of Tsc mouse liver hemangioma: a tumor related to renal angiomyolipoma and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis and abdominal angiomyolipoma are related lesions for which there is no authentic animal model.
  • We found that the Tsc mouse liver hemangioma are composed predominantly of endothelial cells but with a smooth muscle component, and express HMB45 antigen, estrogen receptor, and progesterone receptor, similar to lymphangioleiomyomatosis and angiomyolipoma.
  • These mouse model observations indicate the importance of estrogen signaling in vivo for the growth of tuberous sclerosis lesions, suggesting the possible benefits of tamoxifen therapy for the treatment of angiomyolipoma and lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Angiomyolipoma / genetics. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Animals. Cystadenoma / genetics. Cystadenoma / pathology. Female. Kidney Neoplasms. Lung Neoplasms / genetics. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / genetics. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / pathology. Mice. Neovascularization, Pathologic / metabolism. Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 15781664.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS24279; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS31535
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / tuberous sclerosis complex 1 protein; 094ZI81Y45 / Tamoxifen; 4JG2LF96VF / tuberous sclerosis complex 2 protein; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol
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3. Takasu N, Hayashi M, Takara M, Iha T, Kouki T, Ohshiro Y, Ogawa Y: False-positive 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan in a patient with angiomyolipoma; positive MIBG scan does not necessarily indicate the presence of pheochromocytoma. Intern Med; 2007;46(20):1717-21
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  • [Title] False-positive 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan in a patient with angiomyolipoma; positive MIBG scan does not necessarily indicate the presence of pheochromocytoma.
  • 123I-Metaiodobenzylguanidine (123I-MIBG)-accumulation in angiomyolipoma (AML) is demonstrated.
  • 123I-MIBG-accumulation in AML led to a false-positive diagnosis of adrenal pheochromocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] 3-Iodobenzylguanidine. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Angiomyolipoma / radionuclide imaging. Pheochromocytoma / radionuclide imaging. Radiopharmaceuticals
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. False Positive Reactions. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Angiography. Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon

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  • (PMID = 17938527.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
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4. Armah HB, Yin M, Rao UN, Parwani AV: Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts (AMLEC): a rare but distinct variant of angiomyolipoma. Diagn Pathol; 2007;2:11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts (AMLEC): a rare but distinct variant of angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts (AMLEC) is a recently described distinct cystic variant of angiomyolipoma (AML).
  • Her left kidney tumor was discovered incidentally.
  • The patient is alive with no evidence of disease, 12 months postoperatively, and yearly follow-up CT scans are planned.

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  • (PMID = 17376246.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1845137
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5. Gould Rothberg BE, Grooms MC, Dharnidharka VR: Rapid growth of a kidney angiomyolipoma after initiation of oral contraceptive therapy. Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Sep;108(3 Pt 2):734-6
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  • [Title] Rapid growth of a kidney angiomyolipoma after initiation of oral contraceptive therapy.
  • BACKGROUND: Kidney angiomyolipomas are benign but progressive tumors consisting of smooth muscle, fat, and vascular elements, commonly associated with the tuberous sclerosis complex.
  • Angiomyolipomas express estrogen and progesterone receptors and have been reported to increase in size in pregnancy.
  • CASE: A 15-year-old girl with stable angiomyolipomas of tuberous sclerosis complex was treated for menorrhagia with estrogen/progestin oral contraceptive pills.
  • During the 12 months of contraceptive therapy, a new 4-cm exophytic angiomyolipoma developed that required selective arterial embolization to reduce its risk of spontaneous rupture.
  • CONCLUSION: Treating menorrhagia with exogenous hormonal therapy in women with tuberous sclerosis complex should be accompanied by regular renal imaging to reduce the risk of an unanticipated angiomyolipoma-related adverse event.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Contraceptives, Oral / adverse effects. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Menorrhagia / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17018483.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contraceptives, Oral
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6. Raft J, Lalot JM, Meistelman C, Longrois D: [Renal angiomyolipoma rupture during pregnancy]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2006 Oct;34(10):917-9
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  • [Title] [Renal angiomyolipoma rupture during pregnancy].
  • [Transliterated title] Rupture d'un angiomyolipome rénal lors d'une grossesse.
  • A 40 year-old 2nd gesta pregnant woman (34.5 weeks of amenorhea) was admitted to hospital for abdominal pain and arterial hypotension which were rapidly related to a retroperitoneal haematoma due to left kidney bleeding.
  • Exploration of the retroperitonal space after foetal extraction confirmed the presence of a large haematoma and abnormal left renal morphology.
  • Subsequently, abdominal and thoracic computerised tomographic examination showed bilateral dysplasia of the kidneys and pulmonary cysts consistent with the diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • The case report is of interest because of the circumstances of discovery of the disease and because nephrectomy was not necessary to control the bleeding of the left kidney.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cesarean Section. Female. Hematoma / therapy. Hemorrhage / etiology. Hemorrhage / therapy. Humans. Kidney / blood supply. Pregnancy. Retroperitoneal Space. Rupture, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16996772.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol Obstet Fertil
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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7. Berger J, Valgueblasse E, Thereaux J, Plainard X, Bouhlel A, Lanoe M, Paraf F, Cornu F, Dumas JP, Flam T, Zerbib M, Debre B, Descazeaud A: [Preoperative factors of misdiagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma]. Prog Urol; 2009 May;19(5):301-6
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  • [Title] [Preoperative factors of misdiagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma].
  • OBJECTIVES: To explain the high incidence of misdiagnosis of angiomyolipoma (AML) prior to surgery.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1989 and 2007, 2,657 patients were operated for a renal tumor at Dupuytren hospital in Limoges and at Cochin hospital in Paris.
  • The group of patients in which the diagnosis was done preoperatively was compared to the one in which the diagnosis was missed.
  • The diagnosis of AML was ignored preoperatively in 62 patients (73%).
  • The diagnosis seems particularly difficult when the tumor is small or contains a small proportion of fat.
  • In addition, this study highlights that the diagnosis of AML is frequently ignored in men.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Diagnostic Errors. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19393534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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8. El-Hashemite N, Kwiatkowski DJ: Interferon-gamma-Jak-Stat signaling in pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis and renal angiomyolipoma: a potential therapeutic target. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol; 2005 Sep;33(3):227-30
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  • [Title] Interferon-gamma-Jak-Stat signaling in pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis and renal angiomyolipoma: a potential therapeutic target.
  • Pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and renal angiomyolipoma (AML) are proliferative lesions that occur in sporadic patients, and at much higher frequency in patients with tuberous sclerosis (TSC).

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  • (PMID = 15994429.001).
  • [ISSN] 1044-1549
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS 31535
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Jak1 protein, mouse; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / STAT1 Transcription Factor; 0 / STAT1 protein, human; 0 / STAT3 Transcription Factor; 0 / STAT3 protein, human; 0 / Stat1 protein, mouse; 0 / Stat3 protein, mouse; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / tuberous sclerosis complex 1 protein; 4JG2LF96VF / tuberous sclerosis complex 2 protein; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma; EC 2.7.010.2 / JAK1 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.2 / JAK2 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.2 / Jak2 protein, mouse; EC 2.7.10.2 / Janus Kinase 1; EC 2.7.10.2 / Janus Kinase 2
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2715313
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9. Astigueta JC, Abad MA, Pow-Sang MR, Morante C, Meza L, Destefano V, Dyer R: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma: a rare variant of renal angiomyolipoma. Arch Esp Urol; 2009 Jul;62(6):493-7
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  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma: a rare variant of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: We present a case of primary renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma, its association with tuberous sclerosis and review the literature.
  • METHODS: We present the case of a 12 year-old male with past medical history of tuberous sclerosis, characterized by developmental delay, tonic and clonic seizures, and cutaneous abnormalities.
  • CT scan of the abdomen showed the presence of a left renal tumor.
  • Pathologic study of the specimen showed primary renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma, corroborated by immunohistochemistry staining.
  • RESULTS: The presence of this epithelial variant is rare and must be taken into account because of its malignant potential and, thus, with different prognosis and follow up, compared to classical angiomyolipoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal angiomyolipoma is an uncommon benign tumor, representing a challenge for clinical and pathological diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19736381.001).
  • [ISSN] 1576-8260
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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10. Aguilera Tubet C, Portillo Martín JA, Gutiérrez Baños JL, Ruiz Izquierdo F, Ballestero Diego R, Zubillaga Guerrero S: [Emergency conservative surgery on a unique kidney with broken multiple angiomyolipoma]. Actas Urol Esp; 2007 Feb;31(2):164-7
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  • [Title] [Emergency conservative surgery on a unique kidney with broken multiple angiomyolipoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Cirugía conservadora de urgencia en monorrena por rotura de angiomiolipoma múltiple.
  • A case of retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to the rupture of a multiple angiomyolipoma in a female with a unique kidney is described.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Emergency Treatment. Kidney / abnormalities. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17645098.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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11. Koh JL, Lee YH, Kang CY, Lin CN: Simultaneous cesarean section and radical nephrectomy for angiomyolipoma with spontaneous bleeding during pregnancy: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2007 Apr;52(4):338-40
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  • [Title] Simultaneous cesarean section and radical nephrectomy for angiomyolipoma with spontaneous bleeding during pregnancy: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Renal angiomyolipoma with spontaneous bleeding during pregnancy is an extremely rare condition and may jeopardize both the mother and fetus.
  • The ethics of reproductive medicine, method of diagnosis, option for management and optimal time for surgical intervention can be arguable in this situation.
  • Abdominal sonography and renal magnetic resonance imaging revealed a hypervascular and fat-containing mass with mother and fetus bleeding at the right kidney.
  • Angiomyolipoma of the right kidney was diagnosed on pathologic examination.
  • CONCLUSION: Renal angiomyolipoma with spontaneous bleeding during pregnancy is a dangerous condition that may cause mortality in the mother and fetus, but elective, simultaneous cesarean section and radical nephrectomy can be performed safely if the hemodynamic status is stable.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Cesarean Section / methods. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Nephrectomy / methods. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17506380.001).
  • [ISSN] 0024-7758
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of reproductive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Reprod Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Pikoulis E, Bramis C, Michail O, Liapis G, Felekouras E, Kyriakou V, Griniatsos J: Angiomyolipoma arising in the gluteal region. Chin Med J (Engl); 2007 Jul 20;120(14):1284-6
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  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma arising in the gluteal region.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Buttocks. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17697587.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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13. Hafron J, Fogarty JD, Hoenig DM, Li M, Berkenblit R, Ghavamian R: Imaging characteristics of minimal fat renal angiomyolipoma with histologic correlations. Urology; 2005 Dec;66(6):1155-9
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  • [Title] Imaging characteristics of minimal fat renal angiomyolipoma with histologic correlations.
  • OBJECTIVES: To review our experience with minimal fat angiomyolipomas (AMLs) and correlate the confirmed pathologic diagnosis with preoperative radiologic features to evaluate the feasibility of an accurate diagnosis preoperatively.
  • On rare occasions, renal AMLs contain minimal amounts of fat that are not identified on cross-sectional imaging.
  • METHODS: From November 1998 to August 2003, 6 patients (seven lesions) underwent renal surgery with the preoperative diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma as determined by preoperative imaging studies, and the finding of AML was unexpected.
  • Hounsfield unit measurement of the lesions on unenhanced computed tomography images revealed all lesions to be hyperdense relative to the normal kidney parenchyma and enhanced by at least 90 Hounsfield units or more with the administration of intravenous contrast.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Minimal fat renal AML tumors are typically hyperdense relative to the normal kidney parenchyma and demonstrate homogenous enhancement with the administration of intravenous contrast on computed tomography.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16360431.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Takebayashi S, Horikawa A, Arai M, Iso S, Noguchi K: Transarterial ethanol ablation for sporadic and non-hemorrhaging angiomyolipoma in the kidney. Eur J Radiol; 2009 Oct;72(1):139-45
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  • [Title] Transarterial ethanol ablation for sporadic and non-hemorrhaging angiomyolipoma in the kidney.
  • PURPOSE: We evaluated the efficacy and side effects of transarterial ethanol ablation in sporadic and non-hemorrhaging angiomyolipomas (AMLs) in the kidney.
  • RESULTS: Once or twice a single infusion of 1 or 2 ml absolute ethanol achieved in a total occlusion of 22 feeding arteries which consisted of 7 proximal interlobar arteries, 12 distal interlobar arteries and 3 renal capsular arteries.
  • [MeSH-major] Ablation Techniques / methods. Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Ethanol / therapeutic use. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18632236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7727
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Sclerosing Solutions; 3K9958V90M / Ethanol
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15. Takanami K, Kaneta T, Hitachi S, Yamada T, Ishida K, Rikiyama T, Katayose Y, Unno M, Yamada S, Takahashi S: F-18 FDG PET/CT findings in two patients with hepatic angiomyolipoma with and without intratumoral hemorrhage. Clin Nucl Med; 2010 Jan;35(1):18-21
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  • [Title] F-18 FDG PET/CT findings in two patients with hepatic angiomyolipoma with and without intratumoral hemorrhage.
  • Two female patients aged 62 and 74 years underwent F-18 FDG PET/CT for evaluation of a large hepatic tumor.
  • Subsequently, both patients underwent a partial hepatectomy which histopathologically revealed benign hepatic angiomyolipomas (AMLs).
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Hemorrhage / radionuclide imaging. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 20026966.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0229
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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16. Rotman S, Déruaz C, Venetz JP, Chaubert P, Benhattar J, Meuwly JY, Jichlinski P, Guillou L, Moll S, Pascual M, Lemoine R: De novo concurrent papillary renal cell carcinoma and angiomyolipoma in a kidney allograft: evidence of donor origin. Hum Pathol; 2006 Apr;37(4):481-7
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  • [Title] De novo concurrent papillary renal cell carcinoma and angiomyolipoma in a kidney allograft: evidence of donor origin.
  • In the general population, renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a relatively common neoplasm; however, the papillary RCC subtype is infrequent and represents only 10 to 15% of all RCC.
  • Angiomyolipoma is a well-known common benign tumor.
  • The occurrence of RCC in association with angiomyolipoma is a rare event, with only approximately 50 cases reported in the nontransplantation setting.
  • In transplant recipients, RCC can develop in native kidneys, but its occurrence "de novo" in the renal allograft is very rare with an estimated incidence of less than 0.5%.
  • We report here the case of a 39-year-old woman who underwent cadaveric renal transplantation in 1990.
  • She underwent allograft nephrectomy and the histologic findings revealed that one of the tumors was a chromophilic (type 1) papillary RCC (2.5 cm in diameter) and the other, an angiomyolipoma (1.5 cm).
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of de novo concurrent papillary RCC and angiomyolipoma in a renal allograft.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / etiology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / etiology. Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects. Tissue Donors


17. Bigelow D, Folio L: Radiology corner. Angiomyolipoma. Mil Med; 2008 Jan;173(1):xiii-xiv

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Radiology corner. Angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18251343.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4075
  • [Journal-full-title] Military medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mil Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Kobayashi M, Nakano K, Nukui A, Goto K, Morita T: Bilateral massive renal angiomyolipoma concurrent with oncocytoma in tuberous sclerosis complex associated with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Urology; 2008 Oct;72(4):948.e7-9
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  • [Title] Bilateral massive renal angiomyolipoma concurrent with oncocytoma in tuberous sclerosis complex associated with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • We describe a patient with tuberous sclerosis complex and massive bilateral renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) in association with pulmonary lymphangioleiomatosis, who experienced hemorrhagic shock because of rupture of the left renal AML.
  • The histopathologic examination revealed concurrent oncocytomas with AMLs in the right kidney, indicating a possible shared mechanism in the pathogenesis of these two disorders.
  • This case also represents a rare, but significant, overlap between renal AML, pulmonary lymphangioleiomatosis, and tuberous sclerosis complex.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Oxyphilic / complications. Angiomyolipoma / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Lung Neoplasms / complications. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / complications. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / complications. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications


19. Yen YH, Wang JH, Lu SN, Changchien CS: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in hepatic angiomyolipoma. J Ultrasound Med; 2005 Jun;24(6):855-9
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  • [Title] Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in hepatic angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / ultrasonography. Liver Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Doppler / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Image Enhancement. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15914690.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-4297
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Kothary N, Soulen MC, Clark TW, Wein AJ, Shlansky-Goldberg RD, Crino PB, Stavropoulos SW: Renal angiomyolipoma: long-term results after arterial embolization. J Vasc Interv Radiol; 2005 Jan;16(1):45-50
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  • [Title] Renal angiomyolipoma: long-term results after arterial embolization.
  • PURPOSE: Selective arterial embolization of renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) was performed to prevent hemorrhage in patients with AMLs larger than 4 cm.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients underwent embolization for 30 renal AMLs between July 1991 and June 2002.
  • RESULTS: Embolization of the renal AMLs was technically successful in all 19 patients and for all 30 lesions.
  • Six lesions in four patients had to be reembolized because of recurrent symptoms, including one hemorrhage, and three lesions in two patients required repeat embolization because of a greater than 2 cm increase in size.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Transarterial embolization is effective in preventing hemorrhage in patients with renal AMLs.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Embolization, Therapeutic. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy

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  • [CommentIn] J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2005 Aug;16(8):1153-4; author reply 1154 [16105930.001]
  • (PMID = 15640409.001).
  • [ISSN] 1051-0443
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Vasc Interv Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Pancholi V, Munjal K, Jain M, Munjal S, Agrawal R, Nandedkar S: Preoperative diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma with fine needle aspiration cytology: a report of 3 cases. Acta Cytol; 2006 Jul-Aug;50(4):466-8
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  • [Title] Preoperative diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma with fine needle aspiration cytology: a report of 3 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiomyolipoma is a rare benign neoplasm, commonly involving the kidney.
  • Preoperative diagnosis on fine needle aspiration cytology can confirm the diagnosis, reducing the chances of unnecessary surgery.
  • CASES: We studied cases of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) presenting within 1 year with palpable renal masses confirmed on ultrasound to be of renal origin.
  • Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) smears showed a few cohesive syncytial fragments with adipocytes, spindle cells and isolated single cells with foamy cytoplasm; a diagnosis of AML was made.
  • The diagnosis was confirmed on histopathology, which showed mature adipose tissue, tortuous and thick-walled blood vessels lacking elastic tissue lamina and bundles of smooth muscles that seemed to emanate from the blood vessels.
  • CONCLUSION: A preoperative diagnosis of renal AML is of great importance for correct management.
  • Preoperative FNAC along with computed tomographic findings and immunocytochemical analysis of FNAC smears with HNB-45 can confirm the diagnosis of AML, thus preventing unindicated nephrectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16901016.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Kato I, Inayama Y, Yamanaka S, Ohshiro H, Gomi K, Shirai S, Aoki I, Uemura H, Miyoshi Y, Kubota Y, Yao M, Nagashima Y: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney. Pathol Int; 2009 Jan;59(1):38-43
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  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney.
  • Epithelioid angiomyolipoma (eAMLoma) is an uncommon renal mesenchymal tumor with malignant potential and is frequently associated with tuberous sclerosis (TSC).
  • Differential diagnosis from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is often challenging because of its epithelioid morphology.
  • The male TSC patient had microscopic conventional AMLomas in the same kidney.
  • The possibility of eAMLoma should be evaluated as a diagnostic candidate, especially in cases of renal tumors (i) in young patients;.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 19121090.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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23. Halpenny D, Snow A, McNeill G, Torreggiani WC: The radiological diagnosis and treatment of renal angiomyolipoma-current status. Clin Radiol; 2010 Feb;65(2):99-108
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  • [Title] The radiological diagnosis and treatment of renal angiomyolipoma-current status.
  • Angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are the most common benign renal neoplasm and are often discovered incidentally.
  • Even in emergency cases with catastrophic rupture, prompt embolization may save the patient with the additional benefit of renal salvage.
  • Confident identification of a lesion as an AML is important as its benign nature obviates the need for surgery in most cases.
  • Although fat-rich AMLs are easy to diagnose, some lesions are fat poor and it is these cases where newer imaging techniques, such as in-phase and out-of-phase magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) may aid in making a confident diagnosis of AML.
  • In this paper, we comprehensively review the imaging techniques in making a diagnosis of AML, including features of both characteristic lesions as well as atypical lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Clin Radiol. 2010 Aug;65(8):669 [20599073.001]
  • (PMID = 20103431.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-229X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 76
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24. Hiraki T, Mimura H, Gobara H, Fujiwara H, Iguchi T, Sakurai J, Norikane S, Kato K, Kanazawa S: Pulmonary edema as a complication of transcatheter embolization of renal angiomyolipoma in a patient with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis due to tuberous sclerosis complex. J Vasc Interv Radiol; 2009 Jun;20(6):819-23
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  • [Title] Pulmonary edema as a complication of transcatheter embolization of renal angiomyolipoma in a patient with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis due to tuberous sclerosis complex.
  • Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by seizures, mental retardation, and various hamartomatous lesions, including renal angiomyolipoma (AML) and pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • A 22-year-old woman with TSC presented with multiple renal AMLs exceeding 4 cm in diameter.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Balloon Occlusion / adverse effects. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy. Lung Neoplasms / complications. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / complications. Pulmonary Edema / etiology. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications


25. Munjal K, Agrawal S, Munjal S: Leiomyomatous angiomyolipoma of kidney. Urol J; 2009;6(2):87
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  • [Title] Leiomyomatous angiomyolipoma of kidney.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19472124.001).
  • [ISSN] 1735-546X
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
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26. Alatassi H, Sahoo S: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the liver with striking giant cell component: fine-needle aspiration biopsy findings of a rare neoplasm. Diagn Cytopathol; 2009 Mar;37(3):192-4
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  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the liver with striking giant cell component: fine-needle aspiration biopsy findings of a rare neoplasm.
  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a uncommon benign neoplasm of the liver with cyto- and histologic features similar to the more commonly encountered renal AML.
  • Here, we describe the cytologic findings of a unique case of epithelioid AML with numerous giant cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology. Giant Cells / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Keratins / metabolism. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. S100 Proteins / metabolism. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19156824.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Proteins; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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27. Richmond L, Atri M, Sherman C, Sharir S: Renal cell carcinoma containing macroscopic fat on CT mimics an angiomyolipoma due to bone metaplasia without macroscopic calcification. Br J Radiol; 2010 Aug;83(992):e179-81
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  • [Title] Renal cell carcinoma containing macroscopic fat on CT mimics an angiomyolipoma due to bone metaplasia without macroscopic calcification.
  • We report a case of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) containing foci of macroscopic fat, which were pathologically proven to be areas of osseous metaplasia.
  • The finding is significant because standard imaging practice is to classify a renal mass containing intratumoral macroscopic fat that is not associated with calcification, ossification or invasion of perirenal or hilar fat as an angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Bone and Bones / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography. Neoplasms, Adipose Tissue / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Metaplasia / pathology. Metaplasia / radiography. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • [Cites] AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2002 Apr;178(4):931-2 [11906875.001]
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  • (PMID = 20647509.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3473503
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28. Marcheix B, Brouchet L, Lamarche Y, Renaud C, Gomez-Brouchet A, Hollington L, Chabbert V, Berjaud J, Dahan M: Pulmonary angiomyolipoma. Ann Thorac Surg; 2006 Oct;82(4):1504-6
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  • [Title] Pulmonary angiomyolipoma.
  • Extrarenal angiomyolipoma are benign lesions that have rarely been described in the thorax.
  • We present the clinical, radiographic, and pathologic findings of a pulmonary angiomyolipoma in a 63-year-old woman who had no diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis or lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • We believe that this report is one of the first descriptions of angiomyolipoma of the lung.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16996965.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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29. Faraji H, Nguyen BN, Mai KT: Renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma: a study of six cases and a meta-analytic study. Development of criteria for screening the entity with prognostic significance. Histopathology; 2009 Nov;55(5):525-34
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  • [Title] Renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma: a study of six cases and a meta-analytic study. Development of criteria for screening the entity with prognostic significance.
  • AIMS: Renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) is only described in case reports or in multi-institutional small series.
  • In the absence of areas of typical AML, useful features in distinguishing EAML from epithelial renal neoplasms include: extreme degree of cytological atypia, histiocytoid appearance, presence of melanocytic pigments, solid architecture with the absence of frequent areas of alveolar pattern, tubulo-papillary formation and scarring.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal neoplasms with certain unusual features should be investigated immunohistochemically to rule out the possibility of EAML.
  • The frequency of adverse outcome is lower in EAML than in renal cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19912358.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis
  • [Publication-country] England
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30. Higa F, Uchihara T, Haranaga S, Yara S, Tateyama M, Oshiro Y, Shiraishi M, Kumasaka T, Seyama K, Fujita J: Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma in the kidney and liver of a patient with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis: lack of response to sirolimus. Intern Med; 2009;48(20):1821-5
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  • [Title] Malignant epithelioid angiomyolipoma in the kidney and liver of a patient with pulmonary lymphangioleiomyomatosis: lack of response to sirolimus.
  • A 26-year-old woman with lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) was hospitalized for the surgical excision of a giant abdominal tumor of right kidney origin.
  • The pathological diagnosis of the tumor was conventional angiomyolipoma (AML).
  • The tumors were resected, and the pathological finding of these tumors was epithelioid AML.
  • This finding suggests that sirolimus might not be effective against epithelioid AML, and in such cases, complete surgical resection should be the treatment of choice.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / diagnosis. Sirolimus / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / complications. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy


31. Sokolova IN, Savelov NA, Chistiakova OV, Sorokin KV, Gurariĭ LL, Shatinina NN: [Angiomyolipoma of the kidneys]. Arkh Patol; 2005 Nov-Dec;67(6):38-43
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  • [Title] [Angiomyolipoma of the kidneys].
  • 59 angiomyolipomas were studied: immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used in 24 cases, electron microscopy (EM) in 6 cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / ultrastructure. Kidney / ultrastructure. Kidney Neoplasms / ultrastructure. Melanosomes / ultrastructure

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  • (PMID = 16405021.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-1955
  • [Journal-full-title] Arkhiv patologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arkh. Patol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins
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32. Ma L, Kowalski D, Javed K, Hui P: Atypical angiomyolipoma of kidney in a patient with tuberous sclerosis: a case report with p53 gene mutation analysis. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 May;129(5):676-9
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  • [Title] Atypical angiomyolipoma of kidney in a patient with tuberous sclerosis: a case report with p53 gene mutation analysis.
  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is the most common benign mesenchymal tumor of the kidney.
  • Here, we describe a locally destructive renal AML in a patient with tuberous sclerosis.
  • The diagnosis of atypical epithelioid AML was made.
  • Our finding indicates no definite link between p53 abnormalities and the atypical appearance of AML.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the second renal AML case investigated for p53 mutations.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Genes, p53. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Mutation. Tuberous Sclerosis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15859641.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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33. Ban D, Yamamoto S, Kuno H, Fujimoto H, Fujita S, Akasu T, Moriya Y: A case of huge colon carcinoma and right renal angiomyolipoma accompanied by proximal deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and tumor thrombus in the renal vein. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2008 Oct;38(10):710-4
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  • [Title] A case of huge colon carcinoma and right renal angiomyolipoma accompanied by proximal deep venous thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and tumor thrombus in the renal vein.
  • The patient in the present report had two huge tumors, ascending colon cancer and renal angiomyolipoma, which occupied the entire right half of the abdomen, coexisting PE, DVT and tumor thrombus in the right renal vein.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Pulmonary Embolism / etiology. Renal Veins / pathology. Thrombosis / etiology. Venous Thrombosis / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Vena Cava Filters


34. Fine SW, Reuter VE, Epstein JI, Argani P: Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts (AMLEC): a distinct cystic variant of angiomyolipoma. Am J Surg Pathol; 2006 May;30(5):593-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma with epithelial cysts (AMLEC): a distinct cystic variant of angiomyolipoma.
  • Renal angiomyolipoma (AML) is typically a solid lesion, composed of varying amounts of adipose, vascular, and muscular tissue, lacking an epithelial component.
  • Although it is known that entrapped renal tubules may be observed in AML, presentation as a cystic mass has not been previously reported.
  • We report the clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features of four cystic renal AML.
  • One of the four patients had known tuberous sclerosis, and this patient and 1 other presented with bilateral cystic renal lesions.
  • Whereas the cysts appear to arise primarily from entrapped collecting ducts, the peculiar subepithelial condensation of AML stromal cells, with morphologic and immunohistochemical features suggesting differentiation toward endometrial stroma, may represent epithelial-induced müllerian differentiation not previously reported in AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Diseases, Cystic / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16699313.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Lenci I, Angelico M, Tisone G, Orlacchio A, Palmieri G, Pinci M, Bombardieri R, Curatolo P: Massive hepatic angiomyolipoma in a young woman with tuberous sclerosis complex: significant clinical improvement during tamoxifen treatment. J Hepatol; 2008 Jun;48(6):1026-9
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. TAMOXIFEN .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Massive hepatic angiomyolipoma in a young woman with tuberous sclerosis complex: significant clinical improvement during tamoxifen treatment.
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Isolated liver angiomyolipomas (AMLs) occur in about 40% of TSC patients.
  • METHODS: We report the case of a 26-year-old female affected by tuberous sclerosis (TSC2) with cerebral, renal and hepatic involvement admitted to the Liver Unit for severe malnutrition, anorexia and abdominal pain.
  • Liver biopsy showed tumoral tissue with microscopic and ultrastructural features of angiomyolipoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This is to our knowledge the first report in which tamoxifen has been successfully used in a TSC patient with multiple liver angiomyolipomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / drug therapy. Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / therapeutic use. Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy. Tamoxifen / therapeutic use. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 18436329.001).
  • [ISSN] 0168-8278
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; 094ZI81Y45 / Tamoxifen
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36. Kida Y, Yamaguchi K, Suzuki H, Kanda E, Ando M, Ohashi K, Funata N, Saito H: Tuberous sclerosis, associated with renal cell carcinoma and angiomyolipoma, in a patient who developed endstage renal failure after nephrectomy. Clin Exp Nephrol; 2005 Jun;9(2):179-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tuberous sclerosis, associated with renal cell carcinoma and angiomyolipoma, in a patient who developed endstage renal failure after nephrectomy.
  • We report a case of tuberous sclerosis (TSC) associated with renal cell carcinoma and angiomyolipoma in a patient, who developed endstage renal failure that required hemodialysis after nephrectomy.
  • A 37-year-old woman with TSC was admitted for further investigation of bilateral renal masses detected by computed tomography (CT).
  • Angiography revealed a tumor stain (4 cm in diameter) in the medial portion of the right kidney.
  • Because renal cell carcinoma (RCC) was strongly suspected, right nephrectomy was performed.
  • Her renal function deteriorated quickly (in 1(1/2) years) after the right nephrectomy, and hemodialysis was introduced the next year.
  • The histological findings of the resected right kidney revealed marked intimal thickening of the intralobular arteries.
  • These findings suggested that the renal function loss was not only caused by the nephron mass reduction due to the nephrectomy but was also caused by nephrosclerosis.
  • Though most patients with TSC die before developing endstage renal failure, this patient is currently receiving maintenance hemodialysis and has been followed for 3 years with no recurrence of RCC in the left kidney.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / complications. Kidney Failure, Chronic / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Nephrectomy. Tuberous Sclerosis / etiology


37. Lucky MA, Shingler SN, Stephenson RN: A case report of spontaneous rupture of a renal angiomyolipoma in a post-partum 21-year-old patient. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2009 Oct;280(4):643-5
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  • [Title] A case report of spontaneous rupture of a renal angiomyolipoma in a post-partum 21-year-old patient.
  • INTRODUCTION: Renal angiomyolipomas (AML) are benign tumours containing vascular, smooth muscle and fatty elements.
  • The majority of renal AML run an asymptomatic, benign course.
  • CASE: We describe a case of symptomatic, spontaneous rupture of AML in the immediate post-partum period of a patient treated under our care.
  • It also demonstrates that further complications of renal angiomyolipoma rupture can arise, emphasising the importance of post treatment vigilance for signs of infection, further haemorrhage and post embolic events.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 19219616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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38. Matsuyama A, Hisaoka M, Ichikawa K, Fujimori T, Udo K, Uchihashi K, Aoki S, Hashimoto H: Sclerosing variant of epithelioid angiomyolipoma. Pathol Int; 2008 May;58(5):306-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sclerosing variant of epithelioid angiomyolipoma.
  • Presented herein are two unusual epithelioid angiomyolipomas (AML) displaying prominent stromal sclerosis.
  • One patient (case 1) had a 2 cm lesion arising in the renal cortex, and another (case 2) had a pararenal retroperitoneal tumor measuring 13 cm.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18429830.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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39. Erkiliç S, Koçer NE, Mumbuç S, Kanlikama M: Nasal angiomyolipoma. Acta Otolaryngol; 2005 Apr;125(4):446-8
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  • [Title] Nasal angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are hamartomatous lesions containing smooth muscle, vasculature and mature adipose tissue.
  • AML occurs most frequently in the kidneys, with the liver being the second commonest site of involvement.
  • In conclusion, although nasal AML is a rare lesion, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of polypoid nasal masses, especially when the mass occurs unilaterally.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Nasal Polyps / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Nasal Obstruction / diagnosis. Nasal Obstruction / pathology. Nasal Obstruction / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15823821.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6489
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oto-laryngologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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40. Andaleeb A, Sachdev R: Jejunal angiomyolipoma. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2010 Oct-Dec;53(4):859
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Jejunal angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Jejunal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Jejunal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentOn] Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2007 Jul;50(3):568-9 [17883138.001]
  • (PMID = 21045449.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] India
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41. Svec A, Velenská Z: Renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma--a close mimic of renal cell carcinoma. Report of a case and review of the literature. Pathol Res Pract; 2005;200(11-12):851-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma--a close mimic of renal cell carcinoma. Report of a case and review of the literature.
  • The epithelioid variant of angiomyolipoma (EAML) is a rare tumor of unpredictable behavior that is composed of epithelioid, spindle, and giant cells and contains no or only a minimal amount of lipomatous tissue.
  • The picture can lead to an erroneous diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma or sarcoma.
  • We report on a case of EAML in the kidney of a 47-year-old female without any signs of tuberous sclerosis and review the literature.
  • Grossly, a well-demarcated, spheroid, largely hemorrhagic tumor measuring 4.2 cm in diameter occupied the central third of the kidney.
  • The EAML is a variant growing in a carcinoma-like pattern that can lead to an erroneous diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma.
  • An extensive sampling and HMB-45 and CD-68 positivity combined with cytokeratin negativity are of paramount importance for the correct diagnosis.
  • As a sporadic renal tumor it followed a benign course in most of the reported cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnosis. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / analysis. Antigens, CD / analysis. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / analysis. Antigens, Neoplasm. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Giant Cells / pathology. Humans. MART-1 Antigen. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15792132.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; 0 / MART-1 Antigen; 0 / MLANA protein, human; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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42. Wang SN, Tsai KB, Lee KT: Hepatic angiomyolipoma with trace amounts of fat: a case report and literature review. J Clin Pathol; 2006 Nov;59(11):1196-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hepatic angiomyolipoma with trace amounts of fat: a case report and literature review.
  • Hepatic angiomyolipoma (AML), a rare benign mesenchymal tumour, is characterised by the presence of mature adipose tissue, smooth-muscle cells and thick-walled blood vessels.
  • Microscopically, the amount of fat was too low to establish a diagnosis of hepatic AML.
  • However, positive homatropine methylbromide 45 immunoreactivity of the smooth-muscle cells seemed to assist in arriving at the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Cites] Ultrastruct Pathol. 2001 Jan-Feb;25(1):21-9 [11297316.001]
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  • (PMID = 17071805.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Tropanes; 68JRS2HC1C / homatropine methylbromide
  • [Number-of-references] 17
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1860516
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43. Simpson E, Patel U: Diagnosis of angiomyolipoma using computed tomography-region of interest < or =-10 HU or 4 adjacent pixels < or =-10 HU are recommended as the diagnostic thresholds. Clin Radiol; 2006 May;61(5):410-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diagnosis of angiomyolipoma using computed tomography-region of interest < or =-10 HU or 4 adjacent pixels < or =-10 HU are recommended as the diagnostic thresholds.
  • AIM: To study and compare the diagnostic accuracy of region of interest (ROI) density measurement and pixel mapping [computed tomography (CT) density of individual pixels] for the diagnosis of renal angiomyolipoma (AML) using CT.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A study group of histologically proven AMLs was compared with a control group of histologically proven renal cell cancers, normal renal parenchyma, and simple renal cysts.
  • RESULTS: Twenty-two AMLs, 16 renal cell carcinomas (RCCs), 30 simple cysts, and 30 sites of renal parenchyma were evaluated.
  • The mean (+/-1 SD) density of the AMLs was significantly lower [-15.2(20.8) units] than the three control groups [+36.0(8.1) units, +5.4(3.4) units and +22.2(46.5) units for RCC, renal cyst and parenchyma respectively; p < 0.001 (analysis of variance)].
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / radiography. Cross-Sectional Studies. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Kidney / radiography. Kidney Diseases, Cystic / radiography. Male. Middle Aged. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16679114.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9260
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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44. Kim JY, Kim JK, Kim N, Cho KS: CT histogram analysis: differentiation of angiomyolipoma without visible fat from renal cell carcinoma at CT imaging. Radiology; 2008 Feb;246(2):472-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] CT histogram analysis: differentiation of angiomyolipoma without visible fat from renal cell carcinoma at CT imaging.
  • PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of computed tomographic (CT) histogram analysis for differentiating angiomyolipoma (AML) without visible fat from renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at CT, by using pathologic analysis and clinical diagnosis as the reference standard.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / radiography. Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography. Radiographic Image Enhancement / methods. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • [Copyright] (c) RSNA, 2007.
  • (PMID = 18094264.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1315
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Patil AR, Chandra R, Gupta A, Thukral BB: Giant aneurysm formation in sporadic renal angiomyolipoma. J Radiol Case Rep; 2010;4(6):21-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant aneurysm formation in sporadic renal angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipomas are the most common mesenchymal renal neoplasms.
  • Two types have been described: (i) sporadic angiomyolipoma and (ii) angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis.
  • Giant aneurysm formation is usually noted in angiomyolipomas associated with tuberous sclerosis and is rare in sporadic variety.
  • We report a rare case of aneurysm formation in a sporadic angiomyolipoma.

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  • (PMID = 22470737.001).
  • [ISSN] 1943-0922
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of radiology case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3303414
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Aneurysm / Angiomyolipoma / Computed Tomography / Tuberous Sclerosis complex
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46. Lipsky M, Richardson I, Tareen B: A case of pararenal angiomyolipoma arising from an existing exophytic angiomyolipoma. Can Urol Assoc J; 2010 Jun;4(3):E79-81

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of pararenal angiomyolipoma arising from an existing exophytic angiomyolipoma.
  • A 52-year-old healthy woman with a congenital solitary right kidney presented with an incidentally found pararenal mass.
  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed an exophytic mass in the right kidney consistent with an angiomyolipoma and an additional enhancing pararenal mass that contained fatty elements.
  • Differential diagnosis of the mass included liposarcoma and angiomyolipoma.
  • Upon exploration, the exophytic angiomyolipoma was found to be contiguous with the pararenal mass via an isthmus of fatty tissue.
  • Frozen sections were taken from both masses which confirmed that both were angiomyolipoma.
  • This is the first case reported in the literature wherein an angiomyolipoma extended extrarenally and formed a significantly larger pararenal mass.

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  • [Cites] J Urol. 1992 Feb;147(2):447-50 [1732615.001]
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  • (PMID = 23293694.001).
  • [ISSN] 1920-1214
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can Urol Assoc J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3499926
  •  go-up   go-down


47. Patel U, Simpson E, Kingswood JC, Saggar-Malik AK: Tuberose sclerosis complex: analysis of growth rates aids differentiation of renal cell carcinoma from atypical or minimal-fat-containing angiomyolipoma. Clin Radiol; 2005 Jun;60(6):665-73; discussion 663-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tuberose sclerosis complex: analysis of growth rates aids differentiation of renal cell carcinoma from atypical or minimal-fat-containing angiomyolipoma.
  • AIM: To study the radiological characteristics of renal masses in individuals with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) using serial CT, and to examine how renal cell carcinoma (RCC) may be differentiated from indeterminate cysts or masses.
  • METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 12 cases of TSC in which dedicated renal CT followed after US had demonstrated cystic or sonographically unusual renal masses.
  • The CT density of all masses was measured and the masses categorized as simple cysts, complex cysts, angiomyolipomas or indeterminate solid masses.
  • Subjects were maintained on regular follow-up with repeat CT or MRI and interval renal US.
  • Indeterminate masses that showed rapid growth were considered suspicious for renal cell carcinoma and biopsy or nephrectomy followed.
  • In each case the renal masses were multiple and bilateral; mean mass diameter was 3.6 cm.
  • Of the complex cysts, 1 proved to be an angiomyolipoma on histology and the other 2 showed no growth.
  • Of the solid masses, 133 were typical angiomyolipomas (AMLs) and 52 were indeterminate.
  • CONCLUSION: Many renal masses associated with TSC are radiologically indeterminate.
  • Yearly radiological follow-up of indeterminate renal masses is recommended for individuals with TSC.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / radiography. Kidney / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Tuberous Sclerosis / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease Progression. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity


48. Abdulkader M, Abercrombie J, McCulloch TA, Kaye PV: Colonic angiomyolipoma with a monotypic expression and a predominant epithelioid component. J Clin Pathol; 2005 Oct;58(10):1107-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Colonic angiomyolipoma with a monotypic expression and a predominant epithelioid component.
  • Angiomyolipomas are rare lesions, often arising in the kidney, and are part of a group of tumours with a diverse appearance and evidence of dual melanocytic and smooth muscle differentiation known as PEComas (tumours of perivascular epithelioid cell origin).
  • This report describes an unusual case of a colonic PEComa in a 40 year old woman.
  • Unlike most of the previous colonic angiomyolipomas/PEComas reported in the literature, this case formed a large, mainly extrinsic mass and was monotypic, and composed entirely of the myomatous component with no adipose tissue or typical vasculature.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / ultrastructure. Cecal Neoplasms / ultrastructure

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  • (PMID = 16189161.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1770749
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49. Aron M, Aydin H, Sercia L, Magi-Galluzzi C, Zhou M: Renal cell carcinomas with intratumoral fat and concomitant angiomyolipoma: potential pitfalls in staging and diagnosis. Am J Clin Pathol; 2010 Nov;134(5):807-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Renal cell carcinomas with intratumoral fat and concomitant angiomyolipoma: potential pitfalls in staging and diagnosis.
  • Intratumoral fat and angiomyolipomas (AMLs) occurring within renal cell carcinomas (RCCs) have rarely been reported but may be mistaken for tumor invasion into perinephric or renal sinus fat or misdiagnosed as tumor exhibiting sarcomatoid differentiation.
  • In 14 RCC cases, there was intratumoral fat, 9 of which had fat located peripherally near the capsule (n = 6), renal sinus (n = 1), or both (n = 2).
  • Our study highlights the potential pitfalls in staging and diagnosis when intratumoral fat or AML is found within RCC.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Kidney / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20959665.001).
  • [ISSN] 1943-7722
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Gayed BA, Jacobs BL, Gibbons EP, Hrebinko RL: Resection of a staggering 36-cm angiomyolipoma. Can Urol Assoc J; 2010 Aug;4(4):E97-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Resection of a staggering 36-cm angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are benign tumours characterized by fat, smooth muscle and vascular components.
  • We present a case of a 41-year-old male who presented with light-headedness, dizziness, right-sided abdominal pain and, on subsequent computed tomography, was found to have an enormous right kidney mass characteristic of an AML.

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  • (PMID = 20694093.001).
  • [ISSN] 1920-1214
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can Urol Assoc J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2911987
  •  go-up   go-down


51. Brimo F, Robinson B, Guo C, Zhou M, Latour M, Epstein JI: Renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma with atypia: a series of 40 cases with emphasis on clinicopathologic prognostic indicators of malignancy. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 May;34(5):715-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma with atypia: a series of 40 cases with emphasis on clinicopathologic prognostic indicators of malignancy.
  • As epithelioid cellular morphology can be seen in clinically benign usual angiomyolipomas (AMLs), we divide epithelioid AMLs into those without and with atypia, the latter category associated in the literature with malignant potential.
  • Lymphovascular invasion or renal vein invasion was present in 3 cases each.
  • Of the 9 patients with malignant tumors, 4 died of the disease at 6, 12, 15, and 34 months after the original diagnosis was rendered, and 4 were alive with disease (mean follow-up period of 52 mo, range 24 to 72 mo).
  • All of these were more frequently observed in clinically malignant cases: older age, larger tumor size, higher percentage of epithelioid component, severe atypia, higher percentage of atypical cells, higher mitotic count, atypical mitotic figures, necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, and renal vein invasion.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20410812.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Hiromura T, Nishioka T, Tomita K: Spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma: value of multidetector CT angiography for interventional therapy. Emerg Radiol; 2005 Dec;12(1-2):53-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous rupture of renal angiomyolipoma: value of multidetector CT angiography for interventional therapy.
  • Renal angiomyolipomas have a high risk of rupture when they are large and associated with aneurysms.
  • When renal angiomyolipomas rupture, some patients go into shock.
  • Because of the information, transcatheter arterial embolization was safely performed while preserving most renal function.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnostic imaging. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Angiography. Back Pain / etiology. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Embolization, Therapeutic. Female. Humans. Radiography, Interventional. Rupture, Spontaneous

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  • [Cites] Radiology. 2002 Oct;225(1):78-82 [12354988.001]
  • [Cites] AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003 Jun;180(6):1633-8 [12760934.001]
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  • [Cites] J Urol. 1993 Dec;150(6):1782-6 [8230504.001]
  • (PMID = 16317570.001).
  • [ISSN] 1070-3004
  • [Journal-full-title] Emergency radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Emerg Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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53. Yang Y, Song Y, Hong BF: [The use of balloon catheter in surgical treatment of renal angiomyolipoma with a caval thrombus: 1 case report and literature review]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Jun 15;45(12):836-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The use of balloon catheter in surgical treatment of renal angiomyolipoma with a caval thrombus: 1 case report and literature review].
  • OBJECTIVE: To present one cases of the use of balloon catheter in surgical treatment of renal angiomyolipoma involving the renal vein and vena cava as a tumor thrombus and review literatures.
  • METHODS: Abdominal ultrasound and CT and MRI demonstrated a large right renal mass with tumor thrombus in the inferior vena cava.
  • RESULTS: The pathological diagnosis was angiomyolipoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Renal angiomyolipoma with a tumor thrombus should be paid more attention.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Balloon Occlusion. Embolectomy / methods. Embolism / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17845787.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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54. Salvi PF, Bellotti C, Giulii Capponi M, Gigli R, Scicchitano F, Cancrini A: [Renal giant angiomyolipoma in tuberous sclerosis complex: case report and literature review]. G Chir; 2005 Nov-Dec;26(11-12):411-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Renal giant angiomyolipoma in tuberous sclerosis complex: case report and literature review].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiomiolipoma renale gigante in paziente con sclerosi tuberosa: descrizione di un caso e revisione della letteratura.
  • The aim of this paper is to describe a typical clinical case of tuberous sclerosis complex (Bourneville disease) and discuss controversial issues about the management of this rare condition, with a short revision of the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma. Kidney Neoplasms. Tuberous Sclerosis

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  • (PMID = 16472417.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-9005
  • [Journal-full-title] Il Giornale di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] G Chir
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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55. Spie R, Devevey JM, Ponnelle T, Michel F: [Angiomyolipoma with epithelioid contingent mimicking renal cell carcinoma]. Prog Urol; 2005 Apr;15(2):322-5; discussion 325
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Angiomyolipoma with epithelioid contingent mimicking renal cell carcinoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiomyolipome à composante épithélioïde mimant un adénocarcinome rénal.
  • The authors report the case of a patient followed for renal angiomyolipoma.
  • On CT surveillance, this lesion developed features of a malignant tumour with loss of the fatty component and the patient was treated by nephrectomy.
  • Histological examination demonstrated renal angiomyolipoma with an epithelioid contingent.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 15999618.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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56. Cantwell CP, Taubman KE, Scorza LB: Absolute alcohol embolization of sporadic angiomyolipoma. Semin Intervent Radiol; 2008 Sep;25(3):319-22

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Absolute alcohol embolization of sporadic angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma is a benign hamartoma.
  • Seventy percent of angiomyolipomas occur sporadically in the general population and the remainder are associated with a syndrome.
  • Of patients with tuberous sclerosis, 60 to 80% have an angiomyolipoma.
  • Sporadic angiomyolipomas tend to be single and occur in an older age group.
  • We describe a case of a sporadic asymptomatic angiomyolipoma treated with absolute alcohol embolization.

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  • [Cites] Invest Radiol. 2002 Sep;37(9):512-20 [12218447.001]
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  • (PMID = 21326521.001).
  • [ISSN] 0739-9529
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in interventional radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin Intervent Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3036442
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Angiomyolipoma / ablation / alcohol / embolization / fibromuscular dysplasia / renal disorders
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57. Belanger EC, Dhamanaskar PK, Mai KT: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney mimicking renal sarcoma. Histopathology; 2005 Oct;47(4):433-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma of the kidney mimicking renal sarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, Neoplasm. Carcinosarcoma / metabolism. Carcinosarcoma / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Sarcoma / metabolism. Sarcoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16178901.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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58. Khalbuss WE, Fischer G, Bazooband A: Imprint cytology of epithelioid hepatic angiomyolipoma: mimicry of hepatocellular carcinoma. Acta Cytol; 2007 Jul-Aug;51(4):670-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Imprint cytology of epithelioid hepatic angiomyolipoma: mimicry of hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology. Epithelioid Cells / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / pathology. Molecular Mimicry

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  • (PMID = 17718152.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Lee SY, Wang LJ, Yen TH, Chang CT: Transarterial embolization of ruptured angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis. Nephrol Dial Transplant; 2005 Aug;20(8):1762-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Transarterial embolization of ruptured angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Embolization, Therapeutic. Tuberous Sclerosis / therapy

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  • (PMID = 15886220.001).
  • [ISSN] 0931-0509
  • [Journal-full-title] Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nephrol. Dial. Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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60. Orii M, Kakizaki S, Takagi H, Mori M: Education and imaging. Gastrointestinal: huge angiomyolipoma. J Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2006 Jan;21(1 Pt 2):330
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Education and imaging. Gastrointestinal: huge angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16460498.001).
  • [ISSN] 0815-9319
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology and hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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61. Wang HB, Yeh CL, Hsu KF: Spontaneous rupture renal angiomyolipoma with hemorrhagic shock. Intern Med; 2009;48(12):1111-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous rupture renal angiomyolipoma with hemorrhagic shock.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Shock, Hemorrhagic / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19525611.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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62. Jia N, Wang C, Liu HM, Yu H, Wang J: Angiomyolipoma occurred at the cervical spine. Joint Bone Spine; 2008 Oct;75(5):620-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma occurred at the cervical spine.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Cervical Vertebrae / pathology. Spinal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18534890.001).
  • [ISSN] 1778-7254
  • [Journal-full-title] Joint, bone, spine : revue du rhumatisme
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Joint Bone Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 4.2.1.11 / Phosphopyruvate Hydratase
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63. Chen P, Yuan T, Liu H: Hepatic angiomyolipoma mimicking hepatic clear cell carcinoma. J Int Med Res; 2009 Jan-Feb;37(1):257-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hepatic angiomyolipoma mimicking hepatic clear cell carcinoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma usually involves the kidney and rarely affects the liver.
  • This study reports a case of angiomyolipoma of the liver in a 47-year-old Chinese woman.
  • Partial hepatectomy was performed after a tentative diagnosis of clear cell carcinoma of the liver by needle biopsy.
  • Histopathological examination of the resected specimen revealed angiomyolipoma originating in the liver.
  • To our knowledge this is the first documented case of an angiomyolipoma arising in the liver mimicking hepatic clear cell carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / classification. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / classification. Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Creatine Kinase / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. alpha-Fetoproteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19215699.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-0605
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of international medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Int. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins; EC 2.7.3.2 / Creatine Kinase
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64. Koizumi H, Ishihama K, Enomoto A, Kogo M: Angiomyolipoma of the tongue. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2008 Jan;46(1):e3-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma of the tongue.
  • We present a rare case of angiomyolipoma of the tongue in a 23-year-old man.
  • The clinical appearance was of a small, solitary, well-demarcated, painless mass.
  • The oral angiomyolipoma followed a benign course with no recurrence after excision.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Tongue Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17629380.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1940
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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65. Kaneko T, Ogushi T, Asakage Y, Kitamura T: [Angiomyolipoma in the renal pelvis]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2007 Nov;98(7):832-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Angiomyolipoma in the renal pelvis].
  • Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a 7.5 x 6.5 x 4.5 cm. mass centered in the left renal pelvis, which is composed of macroscopic fat and soft-tissue component.
  • Differential diagnosis included liposarcoma, lipoma and angiomyolipoma.
  • Pathological examinations revealed a renal angiomyolipoma protruding into the renal pelvis.
  • We present a rare case of angiomyolipoma in the renal pelvis and review the literature concerning these unusual findings of this common neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Pelvis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Nephrectomy. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Ureter / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18062214.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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66. Arnold RT, Myers DT: Visualization of renal angiomyolipoma on F-18 FDG PET/CT. Clin Nucl Med; 2009 Aug;34(8):539-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Visualization of renal angiomyolipoma on F-18 FDG PET/CT.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Angiomyolipoma / radionuclide imaging. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Kidney Neoplasms / radiography. Kidney Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Positron-Emission Tomography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19617741.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-0229
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nuclear medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Nucl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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67. Leenman EE, Mukhina MS, Nasyrov AR: [Monophasic angiomyolipoma (PEComa) of the liver]. Arkh Patol; 2009 Nov-Dec;71(6):44-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Monophasic angiomyolipoma (PEComa) of the liver].
  • The paper provides a morphological and immunohistochemical description of hepatic angiomyolipoma in a 29-year-old woman.
  • Immunohistochemical study is of crucial importance in making the diagnosis.
  • According to the present views, angiomyolipoma belongs to perivascular epithelioid cell tumors (PEComas).
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20131508.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-1955
  • [Journal-full-title] Arkhiv patologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arkh. Patol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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68. Haritharan T, Sritharan S, Bhimji S: Renal angiomyolipoma with inferior vena caval involvement. Med J Malaysia; 2006 Oct;61(4):493-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Renal angiomyolipoma with inferior vena caval involvement.
  • Renal angiomyolipomas are innocuous benign tumours which rarely behave aggressively.
  • This is a case of a 48 year old Malay lady presenting with right sided abdominal pain associated with a large right sided abdominal mass.
  • She was diagnosed with renal angiomyolipoma of the right kidney complicated by inferior vena caval tumour thrombosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Vascular Neoplasms / secondary. Vena Cava, Inferior / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17243531.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-5283
  • [Journal-full-title] The Medical journal of Malaysia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. J. Malaysia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
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69. López Fernández A, Lacasta García JD, Puig Giro R, Vicente de Vera P: [Kidney angiomyolipoma as aetiology of haemorragic shock]. Actas Urol Esp; 2008 Sep;32(8):855-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Kidney angiomyolipoma as aetiology of haemorragic shock].
  • [Transliterated title] Angimiolipoma renal como causa de shock hemorrágico agudo.
  • This is a case of retroperitoneal hematoma and hypovolemic shock as a presentation of renal angiomyolipoma, a rarely benign and asymptomatic tumor.
  • Although that kind of tumor needs non-aggressive treatment, as a general rule, because of the size and severity of the following symptoms, the patient has been submitted to a selective embolization of the renal mass when he was hemodinamically stabilized.
  • The evolution was favorable; it was not necessary to do more aggressive surgical handling neither to urgently remove the angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Shock, Hemorrhagic / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19013987.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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70. Bharwani N, Christmas TJ, Jameson C, Moat N, Sohaib SA: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma: imaging appearances. Br J Radiol; 2009 Dec;82(984):e249-52
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  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma: imaging appearances.
  • Epithelioid angiomyolipoma is a recently described rare variant of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • We report the imaging findings from two cases of epithelioid angiomyolipoma: the first in a patient with tuberous sclerosis complex, arising in a horse-shoe kidney and growing into the inferior vena cava and right atrium; the second in a 62-year-old hypertensive man.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Heart Atria / pathology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Renal Veins / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Tuberous Sclerosis / diagnosis. Tuberous Sclerosis / surgery. Vena Cava, Inferior / pathology

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2000 Jun;24(6):889-94 [10843294.001]
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  • (PMID = 19934066.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3473378
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71. Azurmendi Arin I, Llarena Ibarguren R, García-Olaverri Rodríguez J, Olano Grasa I, Cantón Aller E, Pertusa Peña C: [Epithelioid renal angiomyolipoma]. Arch Esp Urol; 2008 May;61(4):540-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Epithelioid renal angiomyolipoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiomiolipoma epitelioide renal.
  • OBJECTIVE: To issue the existence of a variety of angiomyolipoma, named epithelioid, with different histological and clinic properties.
  • METHODS: We report the case of a 17 year old female, with Bourneville's disease, who was discovered to have a solid renal mass suggestive of carcinoma in a control CT scan, adjacent to other smaller masses identified as angiomyolipomas.
  • RESULTS: After several tumorectomies, the suspicious mass, 4 cm in size, was diagnosed as epithelioid angiomyolipoma, with immunohistochemical confirmation of capacity for HMB45, and negative vimentin and keratin.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite the possibility of coexistence of adenocarcinoma and angiomyolipoma, the existence of an epithelioid variety cannot be discarded, mainly in patients with phakomatosis.
  • The indications for surgery are the same than for the rest of renal masses.
  • Nevertheless, follow-up criteria must be stricter due to the possibility of torpid outcome in terms of dissemination of this infrequent variety of angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18592777.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-0614
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivos españoles de urología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Esp. Urol.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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72. Nabi N, Shaikh AH, Khalid SE: Tuberous sclerosis with bilateral renal angiomyolipoma and wunderlich's syndrome. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2007 Nov;17(11):706-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Tuberous sclerosis with bilateral renal angiomyolipoma and wunderlich's syndrome.
  • This case describes a 47-year-old female with tuberous sclerosis associated with bilateral giant renal angiomyolipomas.
  • She underwent an initial renal angioembolization in August 2006.
  • After four months, she required emergency nephrectomy due to spontaneous hemorrhage from the angiomyolipoma (Wunderlich's syndrome).
  • Life threatening Wunderlich's syndrome requires emergency nephrectomy, however, renal preservation can be achieved by elective nephron sparing surgery.

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  • (PMID = 18070586.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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73. Pedemonte JG, Degiovanni D, Pusterla D, Reibel C, Di Nucci J, Boccio C, Degiovanni R, Dotta A: [Angiomyolipoma and Lenk syndrome: case report]. Actas Urol Esp; 2008 Sep;32(8):850-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Angiomyolipoma and Lenk syndrome: case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Triada de Lenk como presentación clínica del angiomiolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a benign clonal neoplasm that consists of varying amounts of mature adipose tissue, smooth muscle, and thick-walled vessels.
  • Approximately 20% of AMLs are found in patients with tuberous sclerosis syndrome (TS), an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by mental retardation, epilepsy, and adenoma sebaceous, a distinctive skin lesion.
  • The presence of even a small amount of fat within a renal lesion on CT scan (confirmed by Hounsfield unit's < or = 10) is considered diagnostic of AML.
  • We present the case of a fifty-nine-year old patient with an angiomyolipoma and massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage with Lenk syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Flank Pain / complications. Hematuria / complications. Kidney Diseases / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 19013986.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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74. Leflore A, McKenna PH, Schwartz BF: Laparoscopic cryotherapy for pediatric angiomyolipoma: the first report. J Endourol; 2007 Mar;21(3):321-4; discussion 324
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic cryotherapy for pediatric angiomyolipoma: the first report.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Renal cryotherapy for pediatric angiomyolipoma has never been reported in the literature.
  • CASE REPORT: A 14-year-old girl was being followed for a 2-cm left renal angiomyolipoma.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case of pediatric renal angiomyolipoma managed with laparoscopic cryotherapy.

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  • [CommentIn] J Endourol. 2007 Sep;21(9):1123 [17941798.001]
  • (PMID = 17444779.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cellulose, Oxidized; 0 / FloSeal Matrix; 0 / Hemostatics; 82347-53-3 / Surgicel
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75. Hino H, Ikeda S, Kawano R, Sato F, Tagawa K, Hoshino T, Yokota T, Hata E, Fujii A, Mori M: Angiomyolipoma in the lung detected 15 years after a nephrectomy for renal angiomyolipoma. Ann Thorac Surg; 2010 Jan;89(1):298-300
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Angiomyolipoma in the lung detected 15 years after a nephrectomy for renal angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma is generally found in the kidney, but is especially rare in the lung.
  • Nine cases of angiomyolipoma in the lung have been reported previously, and in 3 of these patients it was involved with nephrectomy for renal angiomyolipoma.
  • The origination of the tumor was not completely recognized, but lymphangioleiomyomatosis and angiomyolipoma are known to have a common feature.
  • The pathogenesis of angiomyolipoma in the lung has recently been researched in relation with lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • We review these case reports of angiomyolipoma in the lung and discuss the clinical features and the generation of these tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Nephrectomy
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Radiography, Thoracic. Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted / methods. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [Copyright] 2010 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20103265.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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76. Kushwaha R, Dhawan I, Arora R, Gupta K, Dhupia JS: Multifocal renal angiomyolipoma presenting as massive intraabdominal hemorrhage. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2010 Apr-Jun;53(2):340-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multifocal renal angiomyolipoma presenting as massive intraabdominal hemorrhage.
  • Angiomyolipomata of the kidney are unusual lesions composed of abnormal thick walled blood vessels, smooth muscle and adipose elements.
  • An unusual case of multifocal renal angiomyolipoma associated with tuberous sclerosis and presenting as massive intra abdominal hemorrhage is reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Hemorrhage / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20551552.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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77. Lesma E, Grande V, Carelli S, Brancaccio D, Canevini MP, Alfano RM, Coggi G, Di Giulio AM, Gorio A: Isolation and growth of smooth muscle-like cells derived from tuberous sclerosis complex-2 human renal angiomyolipoma: epidermal growth factor is the required growth factor. Am J Pathol; 2005 Oct;167(4):1093-103
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Isolation and growth of smooth muscle-like cells derived from tuberous sclerosis complex-2 human renal angiomyolipoma: epidermal growth factor is the required growth factor.
  • Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a tumor suppressor gene disorder characterized by mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 genes.
  • We isolated and characterized two types of cells bearing a mutation in TSC2 exon 18 from a renal angiomyolipoma of a TSC patient: one population of alpha-actin-positive smooth muscle-like cells with loss of heterozygosity for the TSC2 gene (A(+) cells) and another of nonloss of heterozygosity keratin 8/18-positive epithelial-like cells (R(+) cells).
  • The A(+) cells constantly released IGF-1 into the culture medium and constitutively showed a high degree of S6K phosphorylation even when grown in serum-free medium.
  • Exposure to antibodies against EGF and IGF-1 receptors caused a rapid loss of A(+) cells: 50% by 5 days and 100% by 12 days.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Epidermal Growth Factor / physiology. Muscle, Smooth / growth & development. Tuberous Sclerosis / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism

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  • Archivio Istituzionale della Ricerca Unimi. Full text from AIR - Univ. Milan .
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  • (PMID = 16192644.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9440
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Fluorescent Dyes; 0 / Genetic Markers; 0 / Rhodamines; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / tuberous sclerosis complex 1 protein; 4JG2LF96VF / tuberous sclerosis complex 2 protein; 62229-50-9 / Epidermal Growth Factor; 67763-96-6 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor I; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 2.7.11.1 / Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa; EC 2.7.11.1 / ribosomal protein S6 kinase, 70kD, polypeptide 2; I223NX31W9 / Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1603666
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78. Gupta C, Malani AK, Gupta V, Singh J, Ammar H: Metastatic retroperitoneal epithelioid angiomyolipoma. J Clin Pathol; 2007 Apr;60(4):428-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Metastatic retroperitoneal epithelioid angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipoma (AML) is a rare benign neoplasm that usually arises in the kidneys, but may rarely originate in sites such as the retroperitoneum, liver and bone.
  • Histological variants of AML such as epithelioid angiomyolipoma (EAML) are considered to be locally aggressive.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Bone Neoplasms / diagnosis. Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17405979.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2001107
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79. Moudouni SM, Tligui M, Sibony M, Doublet JD, Haab F, Gattegno B, Thibault P: Malignant epithelioid renal angiomyolipoma involving the inferior vena cava in a patient with tuberous sclerosis. Urol Int; 2008;80(1):102-4; discussion 104
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malignant epithelioid renal angiomyolipoma involving the inferior vena cava in a patient with tuberous sclerosis.
  • Renal angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are mesenchymal tumors that occur either sporadically or are associated with tuberous sclerosis, and are generally considered to be benign.
  • The authors report the case of a patient followed for renal AML.
  • On CT surveillance, this lesion developed features of a malignant tumor involving the renal vein and inferior vena cava.
  • Histological examination demonstrated renal AML with a malignant epithelioid contingent.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Epithelium / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications. Vena Cava, Inferior / pathology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 18204243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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80. Kotis A, Lisgos F, Karatapanis S: Ultrasound and CT imaging assessment of renal angiomyolipoma. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ultrasound and CT imaging assessment of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • The authors report a case of a 41-year-old woman who was admitted to the emergency department of our hospital because of acute right flank pain.
  • A transabdominal ultrasonography revealed a large mass of the upper pole of the right kidney as an incidental finding.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tomography, Spiral Computed. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Flank Pain / etiology. Humans

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  • [Cites] Radiology. 1996 Mar;198(3):789-93 [8628873.001]
  • [Cites] Kidney Int. 2006 Nov;70(10):1777-82 [17003820.001]
  • (PMID = 22798084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3029428
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81. Zorn KC, Starks CL, Gofrit ON, Orvieto MA, Shalhav AL: Embolization of renal-artery pseudoaneurysm after laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for angiomyolipoma: case report and literature review. J Endourol; 2007 Jul;21(7):763-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Embolization of renal-artery pseudoaneurysm after laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for angiomyolipoma: case report and literature review.
  • BACKGROUND: Renal-artery pseudoaneurysm (RAP) is a well-described complication of trauma or percutaneous urologic procedures.
  • Prompt CT imaging, followed by therapeutic angio-embolization of a third-order segmental renal artery with coils, treated the pseudoaneurysm successfully.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Renal-artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare, potentially life-threatening, condition that often is difficult to diagnose and requires a high index of clinical suspicion.
  • Early use of selective angio-embolization minimizes morbidity and maximizes renal conservation.
  • The etiology, diagnosis, and management are discussed.

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  • (PMID = 17705767.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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82. Tan YS, Yip KH, Tan PH, Cheng WS: A right renal angiomyolipoma with IVC thrombus and pulmonary embolism. Int Urol Nephrol; 2010 Jun;42(2):305-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A right renal angiomyolipoma with IVC thrombus and pulmonary embolism.
  • Angiomyolipomas (AML) are benign lesions, commonly found in the kidney, where they may be single or multiple.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplastic Cells, Circulating. Pulmonary Embolism / etiology. Vena Cava, Inferior

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  • [Cites] Eur Urol. 2006 Sep;50(3):605-6 [16828222.001]
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  • (PMID = 19609707.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2584
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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83. Bissler JJ, McCormack FX, Young LR, Elwing JM, Chuck G, Leonard JM, Schmithorst VJ, Laor T, Brody AS, Bean J, Salisbury S, Franz DN: Sirolimus for angiomyolipoma in tuberous sclerosis complex or lymphangioleiomyomatosis. N Engl J Med; 2008 Jan 10;358(2):140-51
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sirolimus for angiomyolipoma in tuberous sclerosis complex or lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • BACKGROUND: Angiomyolipomas in patients with the tuberous sclerosis complex or sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis are associated with mutations in tuberous sclerosis genes resulting in constitutive activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR).
  • METHODS: We conducted a 24-month, nonrandomized, open-label trial to determine whether sirolimus reduces the angiomyolipoma volume in patients with the tuberous sclerosis complex or sporadic lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • Serial magnetic resonance imaging of angiomyolipomas and brain lesions, computed tomography of lung cysts, and pulmonary-function tests were performed.
  • The mean (+/-SD) angiomyolipoma volume at 12 months was 53.2+/-26.6% of the baseline value (P<0.001) and at 24 months was 85.9+/-28.5% of the baseline value (P=0.005).
  • At 24 months, five patients had a persistent reduction in the angiomyolipoma volume of 30% or more.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Angiomyolipomas regressed somewhat during sirolimus therapy but tended to increase in volume after the therapy was stopped.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / drug therapy. Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use. Lung Neoplasms / complications. Lymphangioleiomyomatosis / complications. Sirolimus / therapeutic use. Tuberous Sclerosis / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Brain / pathology. Female. Humans. Kidney Diseases / pathology. Liver Diseases / pathology. Lung / diagnostic imaging. Lung / physiopathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Protein Kinase Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Protein Kinases / metabolism. Radiography. Respiratory Function Tests. TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases


84. Kim JK, Kim SH, Jang YJ, Ahn H, Kim CS, Park H, Lee JW, Kim S, Cho KS: Renal angiomyolipoma with minimal fat: differentiation from other neoplasms at double-echo chemical shift FLASH MR imaging. Radiology; 2006 Apr;239(1):174-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Renal angiomyolipoma with minimal fat: differentiation from other neoplasms at double-echo chemical shift FLASH MR imaging.
  • PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of double-echo gradient-echo (GRE) chemical shift magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the differentiation of angiomyolipoma (AML) with minimal fat from other renal neoplasms, with pathologic examination or follow-up data serving as the reference standard.
  • Double-echo GRE chemical shift MR imaging was performed in 55 patients (29 men and 26 women; mean age, 49 years +/- 14 [standard deviation]) with 55 renal tumors, including 37 (67%) pathologically proved tumors (23 renal cell carcinomas, nine AMLs, two oncocytomas, two lymphomas, and one reninoma) and 18 (33%) clinically diagnosed tumors (17 AMLs and one indeterminate malignancy).
  • Signal intensity was measured in the renal tumor and spleen on in-phase and opposed-phase images.
  • CONCLUSION: Double-echo GRE chemical shift MR imaging can be used to differentiate AML with minimal fat from other renal neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies

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  • [Copyright] (c) RSNA, 2006.
  • [CommentIn] Radiology. 2010 Oct;257(1):299-300; author reply 300 [20851952.001]
  • (PMID = 16507752.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-8419
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Bora A, Soni A, Sainani N, Patkar D: Emergency embolization of a bleeding renal angiomyolipoma using polyvinyl alcohol particles. Diagn Interv Radiol; 2007 Dec;13(4):213-6
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. POLYVINYL ALCOHOL .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Emergency embolization of a bleeding renal angiomyolipoma using polyvinyl alcohol particles.
  • Angiomyolipomas (AMLs) are hamartomatous lesions consisting of abnormal blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose tissue.
  • Bilateral AMLs invariably point to a diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).
  • We report a case of a young male who presented with painless hematuria.
  • He was diagnosed with bilateral renal AMLs on ultrasonography and computed tomography.
  • The large bleeding lesions were identified by renal angiography and selectively embolized using polyvinyl alcohol particles.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Embolization, Therapeutic. Hemorrhage / therapy. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18092296.001).
  • [ISSN] 1305-3825
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic and interventional radiology (Ankara, Turkey)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Interv Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Sclerosing Solutions; 9002-89-5 / Polyvinyl Alcohol
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86. Kannangai R, Diehl AM, Sicklick J, Rojkind M, Thomas D, Torbenson M: Hepatic angiomyolipoma and hepatic stellate cells share a similar gene expression profile. Hum Pathol; 2005 Apr;36(4):341-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hepatic angiomyolipoma and hepatic stellate cells share a similar gene expression profile.
  • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Angiomyolipomas (AMLs) of the liver are rare neoplasms composed of large epithelioid cells with intermixed fat and blood vessels.
  • METHODS: To further explore the similarities between hepatic AMLs and stellate cells, gene expression of a hepatic AML was studied by cDNA microarray.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / metabolism. Hepatocytes / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15891994.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / AA010154; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / AA10541; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / DA016078; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / DA016370; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK53792
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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87. Watts KA, Watts JR Jr: Incidental discovery of an anterior mediastinal angiomyolipoma. J Thorac Imaging; 2007 May;22(2):180-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidental discovery of an anterior mediastinal angiomyolipoma.
  • Angiomyolipomas are benign mesenchymal tumors consisting of blood vessels, smooth muscle, and fat.
  • These noninvasive lesions characteristically manifest in renal tissue but may arise less frequently in extrarenal locations including the mediastinum.
  • Only 8 cases of mediastinal angiomyolipomas have been reported in the literature, 3 of which were reported in the English literature, and only 2 of which were located in the anterior mediastinum.
  • We report a surgically confirmed case of an anterior mediastinal angiomyolipoma incidentally discovered in an asymptomatic patient, in whom a screening breast magnetic resonance imaging revealed an incidental 5.7 cm anterior mediastinal mass.
  • The mass was resected and histopathologic evaluation revealed an angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Incidental Findings. Lymphoma / diagnosis. Mediastinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Thymoma / diagnosis. Thymus Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Contrast Media / administration & dosage. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Mediastinum / pathology. Mediastinum / radiography. Middle Aged. Radiographic Image Enhancement / methods. Radiography, Thoracic / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 17527125.001).
  • [ISSN] 0883-5993
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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88. Yeh CN, Lee KF, Chen MF: Immunohistochemical study of hepatic angiomyolipoma. Hepatogastroenterology; 2005 Jul-Aug;52(64):1151-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunohistochemical study of hepatic angiomyolipoma.
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Angiomyolipoma (AML), a rare benign tumor, occurs in the liver and other organs.
  • METHODOLOGY: Medical records of the 12 patients with hepatic angiomyolipoma (HAML) treated at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital-Taipei between Oct 1988 and Oct 2000 were retrospectively reviewed.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / metabolism. Liver Neoplasms / metabolism. Receptors, Estrogen / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16001650.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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89. Xu AM, Zhang SH, Zheng JM, Zheng WQ, Wu MC: Pathological and molecular analysis of sporadic hepatic angiomyolipoma. Hum Pathol; 2006 Jun;37(6):735-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pathological and molecular analysis of sporadic hepatic angiomyolipoma.
  • Hepatic angiomyolipoma (HAML) is an unusual mesenchymal lesion that can be misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma or sarcoma.
  • Histologically, HAML is composed of a heterogeneous mixture of blood vessels, smooth muscle, and adipose cells.
  • HMB-45 is the best marker available for diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / genetics. Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Liver Neoplasms / genetics. Liver Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16733215.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Androgen
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90. Zhou YM, Li B, Xu F, Wang B, Li DQ, Zhang XF, Liu P, Yang JM: Clinical features of hepatic angiomyolipoma. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int; 2008 Jun;7(3):284-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical features of hepatic angiomyolipoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Hepatic angiomyolipoma (HAML) is a rare hepatic mesenchymal tumor.
  • Pre-operative diagnosis was made in only 3 patients.
  • Except for one patient who died 14 months after operation because of recurrent disease, no tumor recurrence was observed in the remaining 25 patients during a 2-3 years follow-up.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pre-operative diagnosis of HAML is difficult.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Hepatectomy / methods. Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Melanoma-Specific Antigens. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 18522883.001).
  • [ISSN] 1499-3872
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international : HBPD INT
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HBPD INT
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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91. Zhang Q, Zhu QL, Jiang YX, Zhang B, Dai Q, Lou HY: [Sonographic and computed tomography features of hepatic angiomyolipoma]. Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao; 2010 Oct;32(5):561-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Sonographic and computed tomography features of hepatic angiomyolipoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sonographic and computed tomography (CT) features of hepatic angiomyolipoma (HAML).
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Angiomyolipoma / ultrasonography. Liver Neoplasms / radiography. Liver Neoplasms / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 21050562.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-503X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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92. Jiang TA, Zhao QY, Chen MY, Wang LJ, Ao JY: Diagnostic analysis of hepatic angiomyolipoma. Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int; 2005 Feb;4(1):152-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diagnostic analysis of hepatic angiomyolipoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Hepatic angiomyolipoma (HAML) is a rare tumor containing a variable amount of fat, vessels and smooth muscle.
  • METHOD: The clinical, imaging and pathological data of a case of HAML were retrospectively collected and analyzed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative diagnosis of HAML relies on combination of CT, MRI and ultrasonography.
  • Ultrasound-guided biopsy combined with morphological manifestation and specimen examination for HMB-45 may be helpful in the diagnosis of HAML.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15730942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1499-3872
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepatobiliary & pancreatic diseases international : HBPD INT
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HBPD INT
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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93. Johannes JR, Doria C, Lallas CD: In vivo partial nephrectomy of angiomyolipoma with concurrent transplantation. Can J Urol; 2008 Aug;15(4):4184-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In vivo partial nephrectomy of angiomyolipoma with concurrent transplantation.
  • INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel management approach to patients presenting for living renal donation who have a suspicious renal mass or cyst and review the current literature for the management of renal allografts containing masses.
  • RESULTS: In our reported case, an angiomyolipoma (AML) was confirmed intraoperatively in the donor, the donor nephrectomy was completed, and the graft was successfully transplanted.
  • Review of the current literature supports using a similar strategy for both renal masses and suspicious cysts.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Intraoperative pathologic analysis of small renal lesions in a renal allograft is a feasible procedure for potential kidney donors.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / surgery. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Kidney Transplantation / methods. Nephrectomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Creatinine / blood. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18706149.001).
  • [ISSN] 1195-9479
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Chemical-registry-number] AYI8EX34EU / Creatinine
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94. Leong S, Keeling AN, McGrath FP, Lee MJ: Transcatheter embolisation of renal angiomyolipoma. Ir J Med Sci; 2010 Jun;179(2):211-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Tuberous Sclerosis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Transcatheter embolisation of renal angiomyolipoma.
  • INTRODUCTION: Angiomyolipomas (AML) are rare benign renal tumours which are associated with aneurysms that can cause haemorrhage.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / therapy. Catheter Ablation. Embolization, Therapeutic. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy. Tuberous Sclerosis / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Female. Hemorrhage / etiology. Hemorrhage / therapy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19618235.001).
  • [ISSN] 1863-4362
  • [Journal-full-title] Irish journal of medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ir J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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95. Park HK, Zhang S, Wong MK, Kim HL: Clinical presentation of epithelioid angiomyolipoma. Int J Urol; 2007 Jan;14(1):21-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Kidney Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical presentation of epithelioid angiomyolipoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: Epithelioid angiomyolipomas (AML) of the kidney are malignant tumors with aggressive clinical behavior.
  • RESULTS: In all cases, renal lesions seen on computed tomography were suspicious for renal cell carcinoma (RCC).
  • The diagnosis of epithelioid AML was established by positive staining for melanoma and smooth muscle cell markers, and presence of perivascular epithelioid cells.
  • One patient presented with a renal tumor extending into the inferior vena cava to the level of the hepatic veins.
  • Two patients developed recurrent, metastatic disease following nephrectomy.
  • One patient with tuberous sclerosis and multiple, bilateral AML developed an enhancing renal tumor that did not contain any fat densities.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17199855.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Duplicate Publication; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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96. Parameswaran B, Khalid M, Malik N: Wunderlich syndrome following rupture of a renal angiomyolipoma. Ann Saudi Med; 2006 Jul-Aug;26(4):310-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Wunderlich syndrome following rupture of a renal angiomyolipoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Hematoma / etiology. Kidney / radiography. Kidney Diseases / etiology. Kidney Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 16885633.001).
  • [ISSN] 0256-4947
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of Saudi medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Saudi Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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97. Sandstrom CK, Pugsley J, Mitsumori LM: Renal angiomyolipoma with nontraumatic pulmonary fat embolus. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2009 Jun;192(6):W275-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Renal angiomyolipoma with nontraumatic pulmonary fat embolus.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / complications. Angiomyolipoma / radiography. Kidney Diseases / complications. Kidney Diseases / radiography. Pulmonary Embolism / etiology. Pulmonary Embolism / radiography. Vascular Neoplasms / complications. Vascular Neoplasms / radiography

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  • (PMID = 19457788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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98. Iribarren Díaz M, Lojo Sánchez JL, Carracedo Iglesias R, de Castro Parga G, Díaz Cardamas P, Tardío Baiges A, Casal Nuñez E: [Hepatic angiomyolipoma: a challenging preoperative diagnosis]. Rev Esp Enferm Dig; 2008 Oct;100(10):661-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Hepatic angiomyolipoma: a challenging preoperative diagnosis].
  • [Transliterated title] Angiomiolipoma hepático: una entidad de difícil diagnóstico preoperatorio.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19119797.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-0108
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Enferm Dig
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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99. Gaston CL, Slavin J, Henderson M, Choong PF: Epithelioid angiomyolipoma with skeletal and pulmonary metastasis on 8 year follow-up. Pathology; 2010;42(6):591-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epithelioid angiomyolipoma with skeletal and pulmonary metastasis on 8 year follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 20854084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3931
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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100. Wu CZ, Wang FH, Li CM, Fang WC, Yu JN: [Angiomyolipoma of the kidney with lymph node involvement]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Nov;34(11):715
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Angiomyolipoma of the kidney with lymph node involvement].
  • [MeSH-major] Angiomyolipoma / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenalectomy. Adult. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Kidney / pathology. Lymph Node Excision. Lymphatic Metastasis. Male. Nephrectomy. Ureter / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16536314.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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