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1. Bossard C, Belhadj K, Reyes F, Martin-Garcia N, Berger F, Kummer JA, Brière J, Baglin AC, Cheze S, Bosq J, Ribrag V, Gisselbrecht C, Mounier N, Gaulard P: Expression of the granzyme B inhibitor PI9 predicts outcome in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma: results of a Western series of 48 patients treated with first-line polychemotherapy within the Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes de l'Adulte (GELA) trials. Blood; 2007 Mar 1;109(5):2183-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of the granzyme B inhibitor PI9 predicts outcome in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma: results of a Western series of 48 patients treated with first-line polychemotherapy within the Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes de l'Adulte (GELA) trials.
  • Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma is a rare disease entity with a poor outcome.
  • Forty-eight patients with nasal T/NK-cell lymphoma who received first-line polychemotherapy (n = 44) or chemoradiotherapy (n = 4) were analyzed for expression of active caspase-3 (aC3), granzyme B protease inhibitor 9 (PI9), and Bcl-2 proteins.
  • In view of its constitutive expression by normal NK cells, it is suggested that loss of PI9 expression in tumor cells may reflect some mechanism associated with progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Granzymes / antagonists & inhibitors. Killer Cells, Natural / enzymology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell / metabolism. Serpins / metabolism. T-Lymphocytes / enzymology

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  • (PMID = 17077322.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / SERPINB9 protein, human; 0 / Serpins; EC 3.4.21.- / Granzymes
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2. Guo HQ, Pu XX, Guo CC, Rao HL, Li HR, Lin TY: The role of Skp2 in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Chin J Cancer; 2010 May;29(5):567-71

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  • [Title] The role of Skp2 in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • However, there was no intensive study on the relationship between Skp2 and extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • This study was to explore the role of Skp2 in extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 39 patients with extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma were analyzed.
  • Multivariate analysis showed that Skp2 expression (P <0.001), LDH (P = 0.026) and ECOG PS (P = 0.003) were dependent prognostic factors of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: High expression of Skp2 is an independent unfavorite adverse prognostic factor of extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / metabolism. S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20426910.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-467X
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin J Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
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3. Aozasa K, Takakuwa T, Hongyo T, Yang WI: Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma: epidemiology and pathogenesis. Int J Hematol; 2008 Mar;87(2):110-7
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  • [Title] Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma: epidemiology and pathogenesis.
  • Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is an uncommon disease, but usually shows a highly aggressive clinical course.
  • Analyses of gene mutations, especially p53 and c-KIT, revealed the different frequencies by district.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell. Nose Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 18256789.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Pesticide Residues; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
  • [Number-of-references] 75
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2276242
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4. Falcão RP, Rizzatti EG, Saggioro FP, Garcia AB, Marinato AF, Rego EM: Flow cytometry characterization of leukemic phase of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma in tumor biopsies and peripheral blood. Haematologica; 2007 Feb;92(2):e24-5
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  • [Title] Flow cytometry characterization of leukemic phase of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma in tumor biopsies and peripheral blood.
  • We report the findings of the immunophenotypic profile of three cases of nasal T/NK cell lymphoma in leukemic phase.
  • Flow cytometry analysis was carried out using cell suspensions of tumor nasal biopsies and peripheral blood.
  • Tumor samples were composed by a mixture of a predominant subset of medium-size true NK cytCD3epsilon-, sCD3epsilon-, CD56+ cells mixed with a minor subset of medium-size T/NK sCD3epsilon+, CD56+ cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Flow Cytometry. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / pathology. Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating / pathology. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. T-Lymphocyte Subsets / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17405750.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / EBV-associated membrane antigen, Epstein-Barr virus; 0 / Receptors, KIR; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins
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5. Aydin GB, Akyuz C, Talim B, Evans SE, Sahin S, Sari N, Tabanlioglu D, Ozen S, Cağlar M, Büyükpamukçu M: Extranodal type T/NK-cell lymphoma with an atypical clinical presentation. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2007 Jun;24(4):291-9

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  • [Title] Extranodal type T/NK-cell lymphoma with an atypical clinical presentation.
  • Peripheral-type natural killer (NK)- or T-cell lymphomas are rare disorders characterized with clonal proliferation of mature lymphocytes.
  • They have been linked to chronic and active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV), which itself is not defined as a malignant hematological disorder.
  • The authors present a patient with T/NK-cell lymphoma involving skin, kidneys, spleen, pancreas, and meninges.
  • She was remarkable for having the mosaic feature of more than one type of extranodal T/NK-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17613872.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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6. Mehta V, Balachandran C, Bhat S, Geetha V, Fernandes D: Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma presenting as a lethal midline granuloma. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol; 2008 Mar-Apr;74(2):145-7
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  • [Title] Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma presenting as a lethal midline granuloma.
  • Nasal NK/T cell lymphomas are aggressive, locally destructive, midfacial, necrotizing lesions.
  • We report here a case of probable nasal NK/T cell lymphoma in an apparently healthy male that progressed rapidly in a short span of time and was managed subsequently with chemotherapy and external beam irradiation with which the lesion regressed.
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma, Lethal Midline / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Male. T-Lymphocyte Subsets / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18388376.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-3922
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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7. Ou CH, Chen CC, Ling JC, Chai JW, Wu CH, Chen WH, Hung HC, Tain-Lee, Ho TL: Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma: computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings. J Chin Med Assoc; 2007 May;70(5):207-12
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  • [Title] Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma: computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings.
  • BACKGROUND: Primary nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is the most common cellular subtype seen in nasal lymphomas.
  • The purpose of this study was to describe the computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of primary nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • METHODS: During the period between January 1990 and June 2006, the CT (n=24) and MR (n=6) images of 24 patients with biopsy-proved nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma were reviewed retrospectively.
  • RESULTS: The most common symptoms at presentation were nasal obstruction, nasal discharge, and epistaxis.
  • There was involvement of the unilateral nasal cavity in 16, bilateral nasal cavity including nasal septum in 5 and nasal choana in 3.
  • Sites of extension outside the nasal cavity included tumor extension into paranasal sinuses (n=15), nasopharynx (n=5), nasal labial fold (n=3), oropharynx (n=2), infratemporal fossa (n=2), other subcutaneous soft tissue of the face (n=2) and anterior cranial fossa base (n=1).
  • Bony destruction was demonstrated in 18 cases, involving the sinus bony wall (n=15), nasal turbinate (n=10), lamina papyracea (n=6), orbital floor (n=3), and hard palate (n=2).
  • Regional lymphadenopathy was also detected in 3 patients with nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: The CT and MR appearances of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma are nonspecific, and the diagnosis requires histologic confirmation.
  • However, the differential diagnosis of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma should be included if the images present soft tissue of the nasal cavity with bony erosion or destruction; involvement of the orbital cavity, nasopharynx and infratemporal fossa; and subcutaneous or nasolabial fold soft tissue infiltration, especially in Asian populations.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17524998.001).
  • [ISSN] 1726-4901
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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8. Au WY: Current management of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Oncology (Williston Park); 2010 Apr 15;24(4):352-8
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  • [Title] Current management of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma--classified as extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL), nasal type, by the World Health Organization--is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is almost always associated with Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Up to 75% of ENKTL cases occur in the upper aerodigestive tract, primarily the nasal cavity.
  • It is the most common type of peripheral T-cell lymphoma in many Asian countries.
  • Early-stage, localized nasal disease is highly curable with combination therapy, but the optimal dose, combination, and sequence of radiotherapy and chemotherapy are still undefined.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / therapy. Nose Neoplasms / therapy

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  • [CommentIn] Oncology (Williston Park). 2010 Apr 15;24(4):362-3 [20464849.001]
  • [CommentIn] Oncology (Williston Park). 2010 Apr 15;24(4):359, 362 [20464848.001]
  • (PMID = 20464847.001).
  • [ISSN] 0890-9091
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Takahashi E, Asano N, Li C, Tanaka T, Shimada K, Shimada S, Yoshino T, Kojima M, Hara K, Eimoto T, Nakamura S: Nodal T/NK-cell lymphoma of nasal type: a clinicopathological study of six cases. Histopathology; 2008 Apr;52(5):585-96
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  • [Title] Nodal T/NK-cell lymphoma of nasal type: a clinicopathological study of six cases.
  • AIMS: To investigate the clinicopathological features of six unusual cases of nodal CD56+ and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)+ T/natural killer (NK)-cell lymphoma, a putative nodal counterpart of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma (nodal T/NK-cell lymphoma of nasal type) in comparison with nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma with secondary lymph node involvement (n = 24) and peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) of cytotoxic molecule (CTM)+ and EBV+ type (n = 21).
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: All cases of nodal T/NK-cell lymphoma of nasal type exhibited diffuse infiltration of pleomorphic medium-sized to large tumour cells, reminiscent of those in CTM+ EBV+ PTCL.
  • The tumour cells had a typical phenotype of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma: CD2+, CD3epsilon+, CD4-, CD5-, CD56+, T-cell intracellular antigen-1+, granzyme B+, perforin+ and EBV+.
  • However, four of six cases demonstrated clonal T-cell receptor gamma-gene rearrangement on polymerase chain reaction analysis, unlike nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Nodal T/NK-cell lymphoma may occupy the grey zone between extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma and nodal CTM+ PTCL in a spectrum of NK to T-cell lymphomas that are EBV+.
  • The close relationship between NK/T-cell lymphomas and cytotoxic T-cell lymphomas was also substantiated.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / pathology. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18370955.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / RNA, Viral
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10. Bene NI, Zeitouni NC, Cheney R: Unusual cutaneous manifestation of angiocentric T-cell lymphoma: a case report. Cutis; 2006 May;77(5):310-2
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  • [Title] Unusual cutaneous manifestation of angiocentric T-cell lymphoma: a case report.
  • Angiocentric T-cell lymphoma may clinically present with a broad variety of cutaneous manifestations, including papules, nodules, and ulcerated tumors, and may mimic cutaneous vasculitis and Wegener granulomatosis.
  • Histologic diagnosis of angiocentric T-cell lymphoma also may present a challenge because of variations in the degree of cellular infiltrate and cellular atypia.
  • We report a case of angiocentric T-cell lymphoma with extensive necrotic facial ulcers that responded to treatment with fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and prednisone.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16776287.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Yoshioka T, Harada M, Umekita Y, Taguchi S, Higashi M, Nakamura D, Suzuki S, Tanimoto A: Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the parotid gland associated with angiocentric T-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of the literature. Pathol Int; 2010 Apr;60(4):326-9
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  • [Title] Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the parotid gland associated with angiocentric T-cell lymphoma: a case report and review of the literature.
  • A very rare case of necrotizing sialometaplasia of the parotid gland associated with angiocentric T-cell lymphoma was described.
  • Angiocentric pattern or vascular invasion by the lymphoid cells was observed and the involved parotid gland exhibited squamous metaplasia of the ducts and acini; necrotizing sialometaplasia.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a cytotoxic T-cell phenotype of the lymphoid cells (CD3+, CD4-, CD5+, CD8+, CD56-, Granzyme B+, TIA-1+, Perforin-) but in situ hybridization showed no relation to Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Although necrotizing sialometaplasia is relatively rare in the parotid gland, angiocentric T-cell lymphoma should be considered for a causative condition of necrotizing sialometaplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology. Parotid Gland / pathology. Sialometaplasia, Necrotizing / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20403036.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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12. Khosravi Shahi P, Díaz Muñoz de la Espada VM: [Extranodal T/NK-cell lymphoma, nasal type: a case report and review of the literature]. An Med Interna; 2005 Dec;22(12):597-600
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  • [Title] [Extranodal T/NK-cell lymphoma, nasal type: a case report and review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] Linfoma T/NK extraganglionar tipo nasal: caso clínico y revisión de la literatura.
  • Extranodal T/NK-cell lymphoma, nasal type: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, is an extranodal lymphoma, usually with an NK-cell phenotype and EBV positive, with a broad morphologic spectrum, frequent necrosis and angioinvasion, and most commonly presenting in the midfacial region, but also in other extranodal sites.
  • The biopsy of the nasal mass showed a diffuse infiltrate of medium-sized lymphoid cells, with slightly irregular nuclei and moderate polymorphous.
  • The diagnosis of the case was Extranodal T/NK-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • With the diagnosis of localized extranodal T/NK-cell lymphoma and reactive thrombocytosis, the patient was treated with chemotherapy and sequential radiotherapy, followed by bone marrow transplantation.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16454602.001).
  • [ISSN] 0212-7199
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales de medicina interna (Madrid, Spain : 1984)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Med Interna
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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13. Bang SM, Kim YK, Park YH, Sohn SK, Lee JJ, Cho EK, Ryoo BY, Chung IJ, Yoon SS, Kim HJ, Lee JH, Yoon HJ, Park S: High-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation in Korean patients with aggressive T/NK-cell lymphoma. Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Nov;46(11):1599-1604
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  • [Title] High-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation in Korean patients with aggressive T/NK-cell lymphoma.
  • The proportion of aggressive T/NK-cell lymphoma in Korea is larger than in the West, and it shows a lower response to conventional chemotherapy and poorer survival than diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • This study was undertaken to evaluate the response rate and survival and to document the prognostic factors in patients with T/NK-cell lymphoma who have undergone high-dose therapy (HDT).
  • Eligibility for the study was a mature T/NK-cell lymphoma with initially poor risk (as high or high intermediate risk on age-adjusted International Prognostic Index) or relapsed cases.
  • Twelve patients had unspecified peripheral T-cell lymphomas, 7 anaplastic large-cell lymphomas, 6 nasal T/NK-cell lymphomas, and 3 angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphomas.
  • Absolute neutrophil count ( > 500/microl) recovered at a median 11 days after autologous stem cell transplantation in 26 patients.
  • Therefore, an initial approach with effective induction and HDT may result in a better outcome in T/NK-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16334486.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
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14. Brodkin DE, Hobohm DW, Nigam R: Nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma presenting as hemophagocytic syndrome in an 11-year-old Mexican boy. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Dec;30(12):938-40
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  • [Title] Nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma presenting as hemophagocytic syndrome in an 11-year-old Mexican boy.
  • Recently established by the World Health Organization classification, "nasal" and "nasal-type" NK/T-cell lymphoma arise from natural killer (NK) cells.
  • They have distinct clinicopathologic features, specific genotype and phenotype, and a high association with Epstein-Barr virus infection.
  • Nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma arise from extranasal sites including skin, soft tissue, gastrointestinal tract, liver, spleen, testes, lung, and central nervous system.
  • We report an 11-year-old child with extranodal nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma presenting as hemophagocytic syndrome and multiorgan system failure with fatal outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19131786.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Dominguez-Malagon H, Mosqueda-Taylor A, Cano-Valdez AM: Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the palate associated with angiocentric T-cell lymphoma. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2009 Feb;13(1):60-4
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  • [Title] Necrotizing sialometaplasia of the palate associated with angiocentric T-cell lymphoma.
  • In this article we present 2 cases of necrotizing sialometaplasia (NS) associated with angiocentric lymphoma of the midline.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis confirmed a T-cell origin, and in situ hybridization in one case revealed its relationship to Epstein-Barr virus.
  • To our knowledge, the association between angiocentric lymphoma and NS has been previously reported in only one instance, and we suggest that this particular type of lymphoma should be added to the list of related conditions for NS.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications. Lymphoma, T-Cell / complications. Palatal Neoplasms / complications. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms / complications. Sialometaplasia, Necrotizing / diagnosis. Sialometaplasia, Necrotizing / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19118785.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Yasuda H, Sugimoto K, Imai H, Isobe Y, Sasaki M, Kojima Y, Nakamura S, Oshimi K: Expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins and Ki-67 in nasal NK / T-cell lymphoma. Eur J Haematol; 2009 Jan;82(1):39-45
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  • [Title] Expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins and Ki-67 in nasal NK / T-cell lymphoma.
  • OBJECTIVES: Nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is characterized by chemo-resistance, angiodestruction, and aggressive tumor progression.
  • METHODS: Expression levels of major apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2, Bcl-x, Mcl-1, Bax, and a proliferative marker Ki-67 were analyzed in 11 nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma cases by immunohistochemical methods.
  • Nine cases were of NK-cell lineage and two cases were of T-cell lineage.
  • For comparison, 12 follicular lymphoma (FL) cases and 16 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) cases were also studied.
  • RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Bax expression was low in all nasal NK-cell lymphoma cases, which constitute the major population of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Bax expression in nasal NK-cell lymphoma was similar to FL and significantly lower compared with DLBCL.
  • Bcl-2 expression was significantly lower in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma compared with that of FL and DLBCL.
  • Two distinct Mcl-1 expression groups existed for nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma (6.2 +/- 5.2% and 59.1 +/- 12.3%, 95% CI).
  • Ki-67 expression was high in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma, and worse prognostic groups tended to express higher levels of Ki-67.
  • The results suggest a combination of impaired apoptosis and aggressive proliferation in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma, and may provide explanations for its poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / metabolism. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / metabolism. Nose Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18778369.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0609
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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17. Zhang Z, Shi Q, An X, Ma H, Zhou H, Ma J, Zhou X: NK/T-cell lymphoma in a child with hypersensitivity to mosquito bites. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2009 Nov;31(11):855-7
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  • [Title] NK/T-cell lymphoma in a child with hypersensitivity to mosquito bites.
  • However, some kind of malignant tumor is closely associated with HMB, especially natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma.
  • We described a nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma in a 9-year-old girl after a history of 2 years earlier of HMB.
  • Pathologic evaluation revealed the typical histologic features of NK/T-cell lymphoma, and the dermal and subcutaneous inflammatory reaction of HMB lesions.
  • HMB is rarely reported and should be kept in mind as a clinical sign of subsequent NK/T-cell lymphoma in Asian country where HMB is relatively frequently encountered.
  • [MeSH-major] Culicidae. Hypersensitivity / pathology. Insect Bites and Stings / pathology. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19636274.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. D'Souza GA, Sunad R, Rajagopalan N, Ananthamurthy A, Murthy KR, Babu K: NK/T-cell lymphoma in AIDS. J Assoc Physicians India; 2006 Nov;54:890-2
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  • [Title] NK/T-cell lymphoma in AIDS.
  • Further workup showed the mass to be an NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Blindness / etiology. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural. Male

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  • (PMID = 17249261.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-5772
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Assoc Physicians India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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19. Jian D, Wu S, Chen D, Ying M, Yang B, You Z, Liu L, Ding Z: [Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma: a report of 11 cases]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Jul;19(14):638-9
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  • [Title] [Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma: a report of 11 cases].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical diagnosis consideration of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • METHOD: Reviewing the clinical data of 11 patients with nasal NK/T cell lymphoma between 1992 to 2003.
  • CONCLUSION: Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is easily misdiagnosed.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Errors. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell. Nose Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 16248460.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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20. Wang BY, Hong XN, Yin JL, Lu HF, Li XQ, Ma XJ, Guo Y: [Prognostic predictors of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma detected by immunohistochemical staining]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2006 Jul;28(7):523-5
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  • [Title] [Prognostic predictors of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma detected by immunohistochemical staining].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic predictors of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • METHODS: The clinicopathologic feature data of 61 patients with nasal NK/T cell lymphoma proven by pathological examination from Jan.
  • RESULTS: In univariate analysis, performance status, LDH level, clinical stage, initial treatment response, CD56, Ki-67 and CD95 were found to be the prognostic factors associated with time to progression (TTP) in nasal NK/T cell lymphoma, while the performance status, B symptoms, LDH level, initial treatment response, Ki-67 and CD95 were demonstrated as prognostic factors related to overall survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17147118.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD44; 0 / Antigens, CD95; 0 / BIRC5 protein, human; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CD44 protein, human; 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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21. Meslemani DM, Jones L: An unusual presentation of nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nose. Laryngoscope; 2010;120 Suppl 4:S167
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  • [Title] An unusual presentation of nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nose.
  • OBJECTIVES: Case report of a male with a rare nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma that presented as an aggressive nasal infection superimposed with squamous and basal cell carcinoma.
  • A review of the diagnosis, management, and prognosis nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma will be presented.
  • METHODS: Review of the literature for cases of nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma, with particular attention to its presentations.
  • RESULTS: Differential diagnosis includes aggressive infection of the nasal skin, carcinoma, and lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: No cases in the literature of NK/T cell lymphoma have been reported that presented with an aggressive infection with initial biopsies that revealed squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma, which led to surgical management and a definitive diagnosis of Nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21225765.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-4995
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Xiao YL, Zhang DP, Wang Y: [Primary pulmonary involvement of NK/T-cell lymphoma: report of two cases with literature review]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Dec;46(12):988-91
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  • [Title] [Primary pulmonary involvement of NK/T-cell lymphoma: report of two cases with literature review].
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the imaging, clinical and pathological features of primary pulmonary involvement of NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • METHODS: The imaging, clinical and pathological features of 2 patients with primary pulmonary involvement of NK/T-cell lymphoma were retrospectively analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The 2 cases (both young women) of NK/T-cell lymphoma were confirmed with CT-guided percutaneous needle lung biopsy and the lung was the primary involved site.
  • CONCLUSION: The lungs may be the primary involved sites of NK/T-cell lymphoma and the prognosis is grim.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18478913.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Antigens, CD56; 0 / DNA, Viral; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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23. Lan SK, Lin CW, Ho HC, Lee MS, Tzeng JE, Su YC: Penile metastasis secondary to nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Urology; 2008 Nov;72(5):1014-5

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  • [Title] Penile metastasis secondary to nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • We report on a case of recurrent nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma in a patient who presented with a penile mass.
  • Metastatic penile lymphoma is extremely rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / ultrasonography. Penile Neoplasms / secondary. Penile Neoplasms / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 18639328.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Laetsch B, Hofbauer G, Kempf W, Burg G, Dummer R: Atypical poorly differentiated cutaneous T-cell lymphoma with an angiocentric growth pattern presenting histologically as vasculitis. Dermatology; 2005;210(4):341-5
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  • [Title] Atypical poorly differentiated cutaneous T-cell lymphoma with an angiocentric growth pattern presenting histologically as vasculitis.
  • We report the case of a 41-year-old patient with an aggressive cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) initially presenting on histology as lymphocytic vasculitis.
  • This atypical poorly differentiated lymphoma was of a CD4+ CD8- CD56- phenotype and followed an unfavourable course.
  • The patient died despite chemo- and immunotherapy 7 months after the first consideration of lymphoma as diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Vasculitis / pathology

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  • [Copyright] 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 15942225.001).
  • [ISSN] 1018-8665
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology (Basel, Switzerland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatology (Basel)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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25. Briese J, Noack F, Harland A, Horny HP: Primary extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma ("nasal type") of the endometrium: report of an unusual case diagnosed at autopsy. Gynecol Obstet Invest; 2006;61(3):164-6

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  • [Title] Primary extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma ("nasal type") of the endometrium: report of an unusual case diagnosed at autopsy.
  • Primary natural killer (NK)/T cell lymphoma of the female genital tract is extremely rare.
  • We here report the case of a "nasal type" NK/T cell lymphoma arising in the uterus.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16424671.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-7346
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic and obstetric investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Obstet. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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26. Miles RR, Afify Z, Yaish H, Perkins SL: CD56-negative extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2010 Jul 15;55(1):186-9
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  • [Title] CD56-negative extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, is a rare lymphoma that occurs predominantly in Asian adults.
  • In this report, we describe the clinical and pathologic features of an unusual aggressive lymphoid neoplasm in a child and review the literature on NK/T-cell lymphoma in children.
  • This case represents an extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, with an unusual lack of CD56.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 20486184.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD56
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27. Mani R, Belcadhi M, Krifa N, Sriha B, Elomri H, Ben Ali M, Abdelkéfi M, Bouzouita K: [NK/T-Cell lymphoma of nasopharynx]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac; 2006 Sep;123(4):189-93
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  • [Title] [NK/T-Cell lymphoma of nasopharynx].
  • [Transliterated title] Lymphomes T/NK du nasopharynx.
  • OBJECTIVE: Discussion of the clinical and paraclinical features of a rare tumor in the nasopharynx, the NK/T-cell lymphoma, with an emphasis on the implications of Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) in its pathogenesis and prognosis.
  • CASES REPORT: We report the cases of a woman and a man aged 34 and 48, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: Diagnosis of NK/T-cell lymphoma may be delayed in the event of non-specific symptoms.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 17088706.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-438X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales d'oto-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico faciale : bulletin de la Société d'oto-laryngologie des hôpitaux de Paris
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; VAP-cyclo protocol
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28. Rajnics P, Krenács L, Kenéz A, Járay Z, Bagdi E, Demeter J: [Long-term survival after nasal NK/T cell lymphoma]. Orv Hetil; 2008 Apr 27;149(17):801-5
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  • [Title] [Long-term survival after nasal NK/T cell lymphoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Nazális NK/T-sejtes lymphoma hosszú túlélése.
  • The nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is a rare, extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma in western civilizations, which has poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / therapy. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18426762.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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29. Kishimoto K, Kitamura T, Hirayama Y, Tate G, Mitsuya T: Three cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal type diagnosed by nasal brush cytology. Diagn Cytopathol; 2007 Feb;35(2):125-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Three cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal type diagnosed by nasal brush cytology.
  • Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal type is a rare type of malignant lymphoma that is most common in Asian countries.
  • Here we describe cytomorphologic, immunocytochemical, and molecular cytochemical features of three cases of NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal type diagnosed by nasal brush cytology.
  • Cytomorphologic findings common among the three cases included the presence of several cell types, including nasal cavity epithelial cells, histiocytes, phagocytic histiocytes, and lymphoid cells, within a necrotic background.
  • Suspected lymphoma cells were medium to large lymphoid cells possessing light blue and abundant cytoplasm.
  • We believe these intriguing cytologic findings are indicators of NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal type.
  • Immunocytochemical and molecular cytochemical analyses showed staining for natural killer cell antigen CD56 as well as cytotoxic granule-associated proteins granzyme B7 (GrB7) and T-cell-restricted intercellular antigen-1 (TIA-1).
  • Comparison between cytobrush and cotton swab methodology showed that cytobrush resulted in more cell-rich specimens than did cotton swabs, suggesting that nasal brush cytology with cytobrush is most useful in the diagnosis of NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal type.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17230578.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Reinartz SM, Schot LJ, Riedl RG, Oldenburger F, van den Brekel MW: Presentation of two cases of nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2007 Jan;264(1):39-43
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  • [Title] Presentation of two cases of nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma is a rare type of predominantly extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Early and correct diagnosis with prompt treatment of NK/T-cell lymphoma is important in view of its potentially aggressive behavior and poor response to treatment with additional sites of tumor developing sometimes weeks or months after initial diagnosis.
  • Unfortunately diagnosis of NK/T-cell lymphomas often proves difficult.
  • Here we present two cases with nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma that illustrate that definitive diagnosis is often delayed due to the atypical initial presentation.
  • We will discuss the pitfalls in diagnosing this rare type of neoplasm and review the treatment options.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17082942.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents
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31. Yue L, Cheng J, Zhang Pf, Lin G, Yi Z, Zhang R: [Expression and its significance of STAT3, STAT5, Survivin and Ki67 in nasal NK/T cell lymphoma]. Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Oct;20(20):931-3, 936
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  • [Title] [Expression and its significance of STAT3, STAT5, Survivin and Ki67 in nasal NK/T cell lymphoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the expression and its significance of STAT3, STAT5, Survivin and Ki67 in the Epstein-Barr virus associated nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • METHOD: The expression of STAT3, STAT5, Survivin and Ki67 were detected with immunohistochemistry in 25 cases of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma, and their relationship was analyzed.
  • Nasal cavity tissues from 20 cases of chronic sinusitis were as the control group.
  • RESULT: The positive rates of STAT3 in the lymphoma and in control group were 56% and 10%, respectively (P <0.01).
  • The positive rates of STAT5 in the lymphoma and in control group were 68% and 15%, respectively (P <0.01).
  • The positive rates of Survivin and Ki67 of nasal NK/T cell-lymphoma were 68% and 72%, respectively; but it in the control group was 0% and 20%, respectively, P <0.01.
  • CONCLUSION: The pathway of STAT may play a role in the development of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • STAT maybe take part in the formation of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma through induction of Survivin and Ki67.
  • [MeSH-major] Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / metabolism. Microtubule-Associated Proteins / metabolism. Nose Neoplasms / metabolism. STAT3 Transcription Factor / metabolism. STAT5 Transcription Factor / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17225522.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chuang Er Bi Yan Hou Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BIRC5 protein, human; 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / STAT3 Transcription Factor; 0 / STAT3 protein, human; 0 / STAT5 Transcription Factor; 0 / STAT5B protein, human
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32. Lu M, Li F, Hou Q: [Clinicopathological analysis of 23 cases of NK/T-cell lymphoma of nasal type]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Jan;23(2):57-60
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  • [Title] [Clinicopathological analysis of 23 cases of NK/T-cell lymphoma of nasal type].
  • OBJECTIVE: To improve the understanding of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma by analyzing its phenotypic and clinicopathological features.
  • METHOD: Twenty-three cases of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma diagnosed between 2003 and 2007 in the department of pathology of Guilin Medical College were included in the study.
  • RESULT: 69.9% (16/23) of the nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma occurred in the nasal cavity.
  • 21.74% (5/23) were accompanied by squamous cell carcinoma-like epitheliomatous hyperplasia.
  • CONCLUSION: Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma is characterized by multiple clinicopathological features.
  • Attention is needed to differentiate the tumor from inflammatory lesions and low grade squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Understanding of various morphological and phenotypic features (i.e. expression of TIA-1, CD56 and CD3, and lack of CD20 and CK) is the key for the diagnosis of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19452707.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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33. Al-Hakeem DA, Fedele S, Carlos R, Porter S: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type. Oral Oncol; 2007 Jan;43(1):4-14

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  • [Title] Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTCL), previously known as lethal midline granuloma is a distinct clinico-pathological entity associated with Epstein-Barr virus that typically causes destruction of the midface, palatal and orbital walls.
  • ENKTCL neoplastic cells express some T-cell associated antigens, most commonly CD2 and cytoplasmic CD3epsilon and, in favour of an NK-cell origin, CD56.
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma, Lethal Midline / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17064952.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 142
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34. Nigidie A, Schneider J: Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma causing diagnostic difficulties. Ethiop Med J; 2005 Jul;43(3):197-201
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  • [Title] Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma causing diagnostic difficulties.
  • We present history, clinical presentation and anatomo-pathologic findings of a 24-year-old female patient with a nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • This rare tumor is characterized by its angiocentric and angiodestructive growth, which results in extensive tumor necrosis.
  • However, this necrosis is a key feature: it is the result of the capacity of neoplastic NK/T-cells to invade vessels.
  • The T-cell character of the neoplastic lymphoid has been shown by immunohistochemitry.
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma, Lethal Midline / diagnosis. Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Nose / physiopathology. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16370552.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-1755
  • [Journal-full-title] Ethiopian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ethiop. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ethiopia
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35. Lee BH, Kim SY, Kim MY, Hwang YJ, Han YH, Seo JW, Kim YH, Cha SJ, Hur G: CT of nasal-type T/NK cell lymphoma in the lung. J Thorac Imaging; 2006 Mar;21(1):37-9
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  • [Title] CT of nasal-type T/NK cell lymphoma in the lung.
  • Nasal-type T-cell/natural killer cell lymphoma is a new distinctive clinicopathologic entity with a characteristic immunophenotypic expression of CD56.
  • Most cases show a predilection for the nasopharyngeal region and are referred to as nasal T/NK-cell lymphoma.
  • To the best of our knowledge, nasal type T/NK cell lymphoma with isolated lung involvement has not been reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lung / radiography. Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 16538154.001).
  • [ISSN] 0883-5993
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Sandner A, Helmbold P, Winkler M, Gattenlöhner S, Müller-Hermelink HK, Holzhausen HJ: Cutaneous dissemination of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma in a young girl. Clin Exp Dermatol; 2008 Aug;33(5):615-8
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  • [Title] Cutaneous dissemination of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma in a young girl.
  • In Europe and the USA, the incidence of primary nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is rare.
  • We describe the case of a 17-year-old white German girl with a primary nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma and cutaneous dissemination.
  • She presented with multiple maculopapular patches involving the trunk and thighs, and a 4-week history of headache, fever and fatigue.
  • Biopsies of the skin and the nasal mucosa were taken.
  • Pathological examination of both specimens revealed a NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Epstein-Barr virus RNA was detected in the lymphoma cells by in situ hybridization.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18616730.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2230
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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37. Kim JH, Lee JH, Lee J, Oh SO, Chang DK, Rhee PL, Kim JJ, Rhee JC, Lee J, Kim WS, Ko YH: Primary NK-/T-cell lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract: clinical characteristics and endoscopic findings. Endoscopy; 2007 Feb;39(2):156-60

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary NK-/T-cell lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract: clinical characteristics and endoscopic findings.
  • BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Primary NK-/T-cell lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract is a very rare disease with a poor prognosis.
  • The aim of this study was to determine the clinical and endoscopic characteristics of patients with primary gastrointestinal NK-/T-cell lymphoma.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The clinical features of 14 patients with primary gastrointestinal NK-/T-cell lymphoma and the endoscopic findings in 11 of these patients were reviewed.
  • RESULTS: The initial presenting symptoms of primary gastrointestinal NK-/T-cell lymphoma were gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 6, 42%), abdominal pain (n = 4, 29%), and epigastric soreness (n = 4, 29%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Primary gastrointestinal NK-/T-cell lymphoma was endoscopically characterized by superficial/erosive, ulcerative, or ulceroinfiltrative lesions without fungating mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / pathology. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17657701.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8812
  • [Journal-full-title] Endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endoscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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38. Ketharanathan N, van Kipshagen PJ, Vasmel W, Barbé E, de Vries N: T/NK cell lymphoma presenting as a "blocked nose". Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2008 Sep;265(9):1131-4
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  • [Title] T/NK cell lymphoma presenting as a "blocked nose".
  • We present the case of a 63-year-old Caucasian male who complained of persistent rhinitis and sinusitis accompanied by a total left-sided nasal blockage.
  • The diagnosis nasal T/NK cell lymphoma was established by histopathological investigation.
  • This case was diagnosed as stage IE lymphoma as no other sites were involved.
  • The nasal T/NK cell lymphoma is a rare malignancy, which is known to have an extremely aggressive and destructive course.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18188576.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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39. Yang F, Liu WP, He MX, Tang QL, Zhao S, Zhang WY, Xia QJ, Li GD: [Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR in detecting ribosome protein S13 (RPS13) gene expression in NK/T cell lymphoma]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2006 May;37(3):464-6
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  • [Title] [Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR in detecting ribosome protein S13 (RPS13) gene expression in NK/T cell lymphoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively detect the expression level of ribosome protein S13 (RPS13) in NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • METHODS: The total RNA isolated from the parafin-embedded tissue of NK/T cell lymphoma was reversely transcribed into cDNA.
  • The expression level of RPS13 gene in tumor tissue of 20 cases of NK/T cell lymphoma was dramatically lower than that in normal peripheral blood lymphocyte of healthy controls.
  • CONCLUSION: The RPS13 gene has lower expression level in tumor tissue cells of NK/T cell lymphoma than in normal lymphocyte, indicating that it plays an role in the development of the NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / metabolism. Lymphoma, T-Cell / metabolism. Nose Neoplasms / metabolism. Ribosomal Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16761435.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RPS13 protein, human; 0 / Ribosomal Proteins
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40. Kakimoto K, Inoue T, Nishikawa T, Ishida K, Kawakami K, Kuramoto T, Abe Y, Morita E, Murano N, Toshina K, Murano M, Umegaki E, Egashira Y, Okuda J, Tanigawa N, Hirata I, Katsu K, Higuchi K: Primary CD56+ NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum accompanied with refractory ulcerative colitis. J Gastroenterol; 2008;43(7):576-80
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  • [Title] Primary CD56+ NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum accompanied with refractory ulcerative colitis.
  • A case of primary NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum accompanied with ulcerative colitis (UC) in a 73-year-old man is reported.
  • Total colonoscopy performed 4 months after resolution of refractory UC complicated by cytomegalovirus colitis showed a markedly submucosal tumor in the rectum, which was histologically diagnosed as malignant lymphoma.
  • Therefore, based on a diagnosis of localized rectal lymphoma with UC, proctocolectomy was performed.
  • Based on these findings, the patient was diagnosed with primary CD56+ NK/T-cell lymphoma of the rectum (stage IIE).
  • This is the first case report of primary rectal NK/T-cell lymphoma accompanied with UC.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD56 / analysis. Colitis, Ulcerative / complications. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 18648746.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1174
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD56
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41. Tang QL, Liu WP, Zhang WY, Yang F, He MX, Xia QJ, Li GD: [Expression of CYR61 and VEGF in extranodal nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma and their significances]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Oct;27(10):661-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Expression of CYR61 and VEGF in extranodal nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma and their significances].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of CYR61 and VEGF in extranodal nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma and its significance.
  • METHODS: CYR61 mRNA and VEGF mRNA were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR method in 20 cases of extranodal nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: In extranodal nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma, the expression level of CYR61 and VEGF was changed and it may be of prognostic implication of
  • [MeSH-major] Immediate-Early Proteins / biosynthesis. Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / biosynthesis. Lymphoma, T-Cell / metabolism. Nose Neoplasms / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cysteine-Rich Protein 61. Female. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 17343196.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CYR61 protein, human; 0 / Cysteine-Rich Protein 61; 0 / Immediate-Early Proteins; 0 / Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
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42. Min HS, Hyun CL, Paik JH, Jeon YK, Choi G, Park SH, Seo JW, Kim CW: An autopsy case of aggressive CD30+ extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma initially manifested with granulomatous myositis. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Feb;47(2):347-52
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  • [Title] An autopsy case of aggressive CD30+ extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma initially manifested with granulomatous myositis.
  • This study reports an autopsy case of a 53 year-old male with rapidly progressive extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma accompanied with unusual clinical and pathologic features.
  • He was initially presented with localized swelling and tenderness in the right lower extremity and the biopsy from the calf muscle was interpreted as granulomatous myositis masquerizing lymphoma.
  • The biopsy from erythematous skin lesion of trunk showed infiltration of medium sized atypical lymphoid cells with relatively plump cytoplasm and immunophenotype of CD30+, CD56+/- and surface CD3-, which lead to the diagnosis of CD30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma.
  • About 2 months later, nasal obstruction was developed and the nasal biopsy was done.
  • After confirmation of EBV infection, he was finally diagnosed as extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with peculiar immunophenotype of CD3 dim+ and CD30+.
  • At autopsy, disseminated angiocentric lymphoma was found all over the internal organs including the brain.
  • This case emphasizes that extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma should be considered as a cause of granulomatous myositis and can express CD30 positivity and CD3 weak positivity, which are unusual but rarely predominant feature of NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD30 / immunology. Granuloma / pathology. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Myositis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16321870.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Antigens, CD30; 0 / CD3 antigen, zeta chain
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43. Ren X, Jiang X, Wen B: [Clinical analysis of primary nasal cavity-nasal sinuses T/NK cell lymphoma]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Mar;22(5):220-1, 225
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  • [Title] [Clinical analysis of primary nasal cavity-nasal sinuses T/NK cell lymphoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical feature, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of primary nasal cavity-nasal sinuses T/NK cell lymphoma.
  • METHOD: Twenty-six patients with primary nasal cavity-nasal sinuses T/NK cell lymphoma were retrospectively analyzed.
  • CONCLUSION: The primary nasal cavity-nasal sinuses T/NK cell lymphomas are a distinct category of the non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin. Lymphoma, T-Cell. Nose Neoplasms. Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural. Male. Middle Aged. Nasal Cavity. Paranasal Sinuses. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18476612.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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44. Kim SJ, Oh SY, Hong JY, Chang MH, Lee DH, Huh J, Ko YH, Ahn YC, Kim HJ, Suh C, Kim K, Kim WS: When do we need central nervous system prophylaxis in patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type? Ann Oncol; 2010 May;21(5):1058-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] When do we need central nervous system prophylaxis in patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type?
  • BACKGROUND: The incidence and risk factors of central nervous system (CNS) invasion is still unclear in extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed 208 patients to study the clinical features and outcomes of CNS disease in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • The clinical variables associated with CNS disease were Ann Arbor stage III/IV (15.87%, P <0.001), regional lymph node involvement (10.41%, P = 0.006), group III/IV of NK/T-cell lymphoma prognostic index (NKPI; 10.20%, P = 0.003), high/high-intermediate international prognostic index (9.30%, P = 0.072) and extra-upper aerodigestive primary sites (9.75%, P = 0.008).
  • In multivariate analysis, NKPI retained the strongest statistical power to predict CNS disease (P = 0.007, relative risk 9.289, 95% confidence interval 1.828-47.212) in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma frequently involves paranasal sinus, a routine CNS evaluation and prophylaxis do not seem to be necessary in NKPI group I or II patients due to a very low incidence.

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  • (PMID = 19850636.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-8041
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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45. Katsaounis P, Alexopoulou A, Dourakis SP, Smyrnidis A, Marinos L, Filiotou A, Archimandritis AJ: An extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type, with specific immunophenotypic and genotypic features. Int J Hematol; 2008 Sep;88(2):202-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type, with specific immunophenotypic and genotypic features.
  • Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, 'nasal type,' is a rare clinicopathological entity in Europe.
  • The main clinical features are nasal congestion, sore throat, dysphagia and epistaxis, due to a destructive mass involving the midline facial tissues.
  • Pathologically, lymphoma cells exhibit angioinvasion, angiodestruction and coagulative necrosis.
  • We report the case of a patient who presented with fever, dyspnea, nasal congestion, headache, distention of right nasal turbinates and exophytic lower leg ulcerating lesions.
  • A biopsy was performed in the skin lesion and showed an angioinvasive NK/T cell lymphoma CD56 negative with clonal rearrangement of the T-cell-receptor gamma gene.
  • Up to our knowledge, this is a rare immunophenotype for NK/T-cell, 'nasal type,' lymphomas.
  • However, the lymphoma may be classified as extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, 'nasal type,' due to typical clinical presentation, radiologic findings and pathological characteristics of polymorphism, angioinvasion, angiodestruction and coagulative necrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / genetics. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / genetics. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18654739.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD56
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46. Zeglaoui I, Belcadhi M, Sriha B, Bouzouita K: Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma in the paediatric population. Two case reports. B-ENT; 2009;5(2):119-23
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  • [Title] Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma in the paediatric population. Two case reports.
  • Nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is an uncommon disease, and only a few paediatric cases are found in the literature.
  • We report 2 cases of NK/T-cell lymphoma occurring in children.
  • The primary site was the the nasal cavity in the first case (5-year-old girl) and the tonsil in the second case (4-year-old boy).
  • Histological study showed a polymorphic neoplastic infiltrate with an angioinvasive pattern and T-cell phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / therapy. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / therapy. Tonsillar Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tonsillar Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19670600.001).
  • [ISSN] 1781-782X
  • [Journal-full-title] B-ENT
  • [ISO-abbreviation] B-ENT
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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47. Wang WH, Li YX, Lin C, Liu XF, Yu ZH, Song YW, Zhang XY, Fu M, Jin J, Wang SL, Liu YP: [Expression profile of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma by cDNA microarray]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2006 Jul;28(7):518-22
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  • [Title] [Expression profile of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma by cDNA microarray].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the changes of gene expression profile in nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from the fresh nasal NK/T cell lymphoma tissue and normal lymph node.
  • A total of 365 (8.9%) genes was found to be differentially expressed by a factor of twofold or greater in both of two identical cDNA microarrays, which included oncogenes, tumor supressor genes, cell cycle regulators, apoptotic and antiapoptotic factors, DNA transcription factors, DNA repair and recombination factors, signal transduction genes, protein translation genes, as well as a large number of metabolic genes.
  • CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that many different kinds of genes are possibly involved in the initiation and progression of nasal NK/T lymphoma. cDNA microarray technique is useful in screening cancer gene expression for nasal NK/T lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling. Killer Cells, Natural / metabolism. Lymphoma, T-Cell / genetics. Nose Neoplasms / genetics. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD20 / genetics. Chemokine CXCL9 / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Lymph Nodes / metabolism. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Receptors, Immunologic / genetics. Receptors, Natural Killer Cell

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  • (PMID = 17147117.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / CXCL9 protein, human; 0 / Chemokine CXCL9; 0 / Receptors, Immunologic; 0 / Receptors, Natural Killer Cell
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48. Lim ST, Hee SW, Quek R, Lim LC, Yap SP, Loong EL, Sng I, Tan LH, Ang MK, Ngeow J, Tham CK, Ngo L, Tan MH, Tao M: Comparative analysis of extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma and peripheral T-cell lymphoma: significant differences in clinical characteristics and prognosis. Eur J Haematol; 2008 Jan;80(1):55-60
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  • [Title] Comparative analysis of extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma and peripheral T-cell lymphoma: significant differences in clinical characteristics and prognosis.
  • AIM: We aimed to compare the frequencies, clinical characteristics, and prognostic factors of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) vs. extra-nodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma and to characterize the subtypes of extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • METHODS: We reviewed 97 consecutive patients with PTCL and extra-nodal NKT lymphoma from 2000 to 2006.
  • During this period, a total of 780 patients with malignant lymphomas were treated in our center.
  • The diagnostic criteria used were based on the WHO classification system of malignant lymphomas.
  • RESULTS: Extra-nodal-NK/T-cell lymphoma and PTCL comprised 5.0% (39/780) and 7.4% (58/780) of all cases.
  • Of the PTCL cases, histology was PTCL-NOS in 25, anaplastic large cell in 11, angioimmunoblastic T cell in 18 and other subtypes in four patients.
  • Compared with PTCL, extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma was associated with a significantly inferior rates of complete remission (33% vs. 53%, P = 0.05) and 3 yr overall survival (29.5% vs. 47.5%, P = 0.003).
  • On multivariate analysis, extra-nodal NK/T-cell histology was independently associated with decreased survival.
  • Further analysis into this subtype showed the nasal variant (n = 25) differed significantly from extra-nasal variant (n = 14) in terms of stage at presentation (stages III/IV, 36% vs. 79%), international prognostic index scores (high intermediate or high IPI scores, 24% vs. 64%), complete remission rates (48% vs. 7%), and median survival (10 months vs. 1 month, P < 0.0001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Extra-nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma was associated with a poorer prognosis compared with PTCL and is likely to comprise two distinct variants with different clinical behavior and prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18028433.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0609
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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49. Zhao S, Liu WP, Li GD, Zhang WY: [Detecting LMP1 protein expression and cloning full-length LMP1 gene in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma transplanted tumor models]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2005 Sep;36(5):657-60
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  • [Title] [Detecting LMP1 protein expression and cloning full-length LMP1 gene in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma transplanted tumor models].
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the stability and variability of the LMP1 gene and protein in nude-mice transplanted tumor models of extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • METHODS: PCR and Western Blot were performed to detect the full-length LMP1 gene and protein expression in the established extranodal nasal type NK/ T-cell lymphoma transplanted tumor models and the tissues of donor tumors.
  • Then the sequence of full-length LMP1 gene in transplanted tumor models and donor were compared with the sequence of wild-type B95.
  • 8 and deletion-type CAO cell strains.
  • RESULTS: LMP1 gene and protein were detected in all the extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma transplanted tumor models, and the full-length LMP1 nucleotide sequence homology with the donor tumor was 99. 76%.
  • It was found in sequencing analysis that LMP1 gene sequence possessed both conservative character and specificity, similar to that of CAO cell strains.
  • CONCLUSION: LMP1 gene and protein existed stably in the extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma transplanted tumor models, which implied that LMP1 might relate to the maintenance and development of this lymphoma.
  • The nude-mice transplanted tumor models provided an important experimental platform for further studies on the correlation of LMP1 and extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, T-Cell / metabolism. Nose Neoplasms / metabolism. Viral Matrix Proteins / analysis. Viral Matrix Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16235530.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / EBV-associated membrane antigen, Epstein-Barr virus; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins
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50. Xiao J, Wang SS, Huang Y, Chen LK, Guan ZZ, Huang HQ, Xia ZJ, Xu RH, Lin TY: [Prognostic analysis of 62 cases of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma]. Ai Zheng; 2006 Sep;25(9):1173-7
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  • [Title] [Prognostic analysis of 62 cases of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma of nasal type (ENKTL) is a rare disease entity with unique biological behavior, of which definitive characteristics are still unknown.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell / therapy. Nose Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16965665.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hemoglobins; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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51. Tamai Y, Imataki O, Abe Y, Hagiwara S, Ito I, Asakura H, Harada H, Kamata M, Nishimura T, Kawakami K: [Case series of localized nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma treated with preceding intensified local radiation therapy before systemic chemotherapy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2006 May;33(5):687-90
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  • [Title] [Case series of localized nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma treated with preceding intensified local radiation therapy before systemic chemotherapy].
  • Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma is EB virus-associated aggressive lymphoma, which is more prevalent in Asia.
  • Previously, this lymphoma which was recognized as lethal midline granuloma, commonly presents with midline facial destructive lesions.
  • We report consecutive 4 cases of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma, which was treated with 56 Gy intensified local radiation therapy followed by systemic chemotherapy.
  • High intensified radiation therapy followed by chemotherapy may be effective for localized nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell / radiotherapy. Nose Neoplasms / drug therapy. Nose Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 16685174.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; VAP-cyclo protocol
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52. Nagamine M, Takahara M, Kishibe K, Nagato T, Ishii H, Bandoh N, Ogino T, Harabuchi Y: Sequence variations of Epstein-Barr virus LMP1 gene in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Virus Genes; 2007 Jan;34(1):47-54
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  • [Title] Sequence variations of Epstein-Barr virus LMP1 gene in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is a peculiar lymphoma with an unique immunophenotype.
  • Etiologically, the authors previously first demonstrated the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genomes and their products in this lymphoma (Lancet 1990; 335).
  • In this study, we determined full-length of LMP1 sequence isolated from 7 patients with nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method and compared the sequences with those referred to previous reports.
  • In the major HLA-A2 restricted T-cell epitope sequence YLLEMLWRL (codon 125-133), all 7 patients showed amino acid changes at codon 126 (Leu to Phe) and 129 (Met to Ile).
  • Although it is still not clear what the most specific and biologic variation of LMP1 gene in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma is, the sequence data may be valuable on the study for pathogenesis of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma and EBV molecular epidemiology.
  • [MeSH-major] Genetic Variation. Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / virology. Nasal Mucosa / virology. Viral Matrix Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Amino Acid Sequence. Base Sequence. Catalytic Domain. DNA Restriction Enzymes / metabolism. Female. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Killer Cells, Natural / virology. Male. Middle Aged. Molecular Sequence Data

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  • (PMID = 16917737.001).
  • [ISSN] 0920-8569
  • [Journal-full-title] Virus genes
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virus Genes
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / EBV-associated membrane antigen, Epstein-Barr virus; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins; EC 3.1.21.- / DNA Restriction Enzymes
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53. Kim K, Chie EK, Kim CW, Kim IH, Park CI: Treatment outcome of angiocentric T-cell and NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: radiotherapy versus chemoradiotherapy. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2005 Jan;35(1):1-5
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  • [Title] Treatment outcome of angiocentric T-cell and NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: radiotherapy versus chemoradiotherapy.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment outcome of angiocentric T-cell and natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • METHODS: Between February 1989 and March 2001, 53 patients with newly diagnosed angiocentric T-cell and NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type involving the head and neck, were treated with radiation therapy (RT).
  • CONCLUSIONS: There was no difference in survival between RT and CRT in angiocentric T-cell and NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell / radiotherapy. Nose Neoplasms / drug therapy. Nose Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 15681596.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2811
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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54. Nagamine M, Kishibe K, Takahara M, Nagato T, Ishii H, Bandoh N, Ogino T, Harabuchi Y: Selected amino acid change encoding Epstein-Barr virus-specific T cell epitope of the LMP2A gene in Japanese nasal NK/T cell lymphoma patients. Intervirology; 2007;50(5):319-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Selected amino acid change encoding Epstein-Barr virus-specific T cell epitope of the LMP2A gene in Japanese nasal NK/T cell lymphoma patients.
  • Nasal natural killer (NK)/T cell lymphoma is a peculiar lymphoma with a unique immunophenotype.
  • Etiologically, in 1990, the authors first demonstrated the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genomes and their products in this lymphoma.
  • Amino acid changes encoding the CTL epitope on the lymphoma cells may result in a reduced CTL response.
  • We focused on two major CTL epitopes SSCSSCPLSK (codon 340 to 349) and FLYALALLLL (codon 356 to 364) of the LMP2A gene and determined the sequence isolated from nasal NK/T cell lymphoma tissues.
  • All isolates from 7 nasal NK/T cell lymphomas showed the same amino acid change from serine to threonine at codon 348 in the CTL epitope SSCSSCPLSK.
  • The predominant threonine substitution of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma patients may represent disease-associated polymorphism rather than a geographic or race-associated polymorphism.
  • The LMP2A strain including threonine substitution at codon 348 may be selected within tumors and play a role for tumor genesis in Japanese patients with nasal NK/T cell lymphoma through reduced immune recognition.
  • [MeSH-major] Amino Acid Substitution / genetics. Antigens, Viral / genetics. Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte / genetics. Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics. Lymphoma, T-Cell / virology. Nose Neoplasms / virology. Viral Matrix Proteins / genetics

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 17657160.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0100
  • [Journal-full-title] Intervirology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intervirology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Viral; 0 / EBV-associated membrane antigen, Epstein-Barr virus; 0 / Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins
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55. Sakata K, Someya M, Omatsu M, Asanuma H, Hasegawa T, Ichimiya S, Hareyama M, Himi T: The enhanced expression of the matrix metalloproteinase 9 in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. BMC Cancer; 2007;7:229
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  • [Title] The enhanced expression of the matrix metalloproteinase 9 in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is an aggressive disease and has a poor prognosis.
  • Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is refractory to conventional chemotherapy and has strong tendency of widespread relapse or dissemination into distant sites.
  • METHODS: We immunohistochemically studied nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma to elucidate the unique characteristics of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma, such as its higher metastatic tendency and its vast necrosis which leads to destruction of the involved tissues.
  • The expression of P-glycoprotein and MMP-9 was evaluated in the 20 patients with nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma and 25 with nasal non-NK/T-cell lymphoma and the relationship between expression of these proteins and clinical results were analyzed in this report.
  • RESULTS: Overall 5-year survival rates for patients with nasal NK/T cell lymphoma, and nasal non-NK/T cell lymphoma were 51%, and 84%.
  • Distant involvement free 5-year survival rates for patients with nasal NK/T cell lymphoma, and nasal non-NK/T cell lymphoma were 53%, and 79%.
  • Sixteen of the 19 patients with nasal NK/T cell lymphoma expressed MMP-9.
  • In contrast, only 8 of the 22 patients with nasal non-NK/T cell lymphoma expressed MMP-9.
  • CONCLUSION: Positive immunoreactivity for P-glycoprotein was not an independent prognostic factor in nasal NK/T-cell lymphomas, which stresses the importance of exploring other mechanisms of drug resistance.
  • The strong expression of MMP-9 is uniquely characteristic of nasal NK/T cell lymphoma and may contribute to its strong tendency to disseminatate and the extensive necrosis which is always seen.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / metabolism. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / metabolism. Nasal Cavity / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / metabolism. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18093334.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / P-Glycoprotein; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2238761
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56. Park JH, Kim YJ, Park CK, Yoo DH: A case of nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma in a patient with dermatomyositis. Int J Rheum Dis; 2009 Jul;12(2):166-9
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  • [Title] A case of nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma in a patient with dermatomyositis.
  • However, cutaneous lymphoma associated with dermatomyositis has rarely been reported.
  • We experienced a case of nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma in a 40-year-old woman with a 2-year history of dermatomyositis.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of cutaneous involvement of nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma developing in a dermatomyositis patient.
  • When skin lesions are resistant to aggressive conventional treatment in dermatomyositis patients, we should consider the possibility of malignancy, especially cutaneous lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermatomyositis / complications. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Nasal Cavity / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20374337.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-185X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of rheumatic diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Rheum Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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57. Liang R: Advances in the management and monitoring of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type. Br J Haematol; 2009 Oct;147(1):13-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Advances in the management and monitoring of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, has a unique geographic distribution.
  • A typical NK-cell phenotype is usually present: CD2(+), CD3 epsilon+, CD56(+), cytotoxic molecules+ and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)+.
  • For localized nasal disease, radiotherapy is important, although chemotherapy is often added.
  • For extra-nasal or disseminated disease, systemic chemotherapy becomes the mainstay and the prognosis is usually poor.
  • Doxorubicin-containing regimens are not entirely satisfactory and L-asparaginase containing regimens are being investigated.
  • Patients with poor prognostic features may be considered for an early autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplant.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / therapy. Nose Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Combined Modality Therapy. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 19604234.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 83
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58. Yu JH, Choi KD, Koh YW, Choi WJ, Song HJ, Lee GH, Jung HY, Kim JH: [A case of CD56+ extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, presenting as a duodenal ulcer bleeding]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2009 Sep;54(3):174-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of CD56+ extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, presenting as a duodenal ulcer bleeding].
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma is a recently recognized distinct entity within the World Health Organization classification of lymphoid tumors.
  • It most commonly occurs in the nasal or paranasal areas and less frequently in the skin, the soft tissue, and the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Among these, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract has shown an aggressive clinical course.
  • We report a case of CD56+ extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma presenting as a duodenal ulcer bleeding.
  • Pathologic examination revealed the diffuse infiltration of atypical lymphocytes with an angiocentric growth pattern, which was positive for CD3, CD56, and granzyme.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD56 / metabolism. Duodenal Ulcer / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / diagnosis. Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19844154.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Antigens, CD56
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59. Chow C, Liu AY, Chan WS, Lei KI, Chan WY, Lo AW: AKT plays a role in the survival of the tumor cells of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type. Haematologica; 2005 Feb;90(2):274-5
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  • [Title] AKT plays a role in the survival of the tumor cells of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • Phosphorylated AKT has been detected in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENTL).
  • Either interleukin-2 (IL-2) or interleukin-15 (IL-15) could prevent AKT dephosphorylation and apoptosis in the NK-92 cell line model.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / cytology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / immunology. Nose Neoplasms / immunology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Survival. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Immunophenotyping. Interleukin-15 / blood. Interleukin-15 / metabolism. Interleukin-2 / metabolism. Lymphoma / pathology. Phosphorylation

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  • (PMID = 15710591.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interleukin-15; 0 / Interleukin-2; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
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60. Kobold S, Merz H, Tiemann M, Mahuad C, Bokemeyer C, Koop I, Fiedler W: Primary NK/T cell lymphoma nasal type of the stomach with skin involvement: a case report. Rare Tumors; 2009;1(2):e58

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  • [Title] Primary NK/T cell lymphoma nasal type of the stomach with skin involvement: a case report.
  • Since nasal NK/T cell lymphoma and NK/T cell lymphoma nasal type are rare diseases, gastric involvement has seldom been seen.
  • We report a unique case of a patient with a primary NK/T cell lymphoma nasal type of the stomach with skin involvement.
  • The patient had no history of malignant diseases and was diagnosed with hematemesis and intense bleeding from his gastric primary site.

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  • (PMID = 21139937.001).
  • [ISSN] 2036-3613
  • [Journal-full-title] Rare tumors
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rare Tumors
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2994465
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; NK/T cell lymphoma nasal type / primary intestinal lymphoma / skin involvement.
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61. Kim SJ, Kim BS, Choi CW, Choi J, Kim I, Lee YH, Kim JS: Ki-67 expression is predictive of prognosis in patients with stage I/II extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type. Ann Oncol; 2007 Aug;18(8):1382-7
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  • [Title] Ki-67 expression is predictive of prognosis in patients with stage I/II extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • BACKGROUND: Localized extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, commonly has a low or low-intermediate risk of the international prognostic index (IPI), so the IPI has shown inconsistency in predicting prognosis.
  • Thus, we analyzed Ki-67 expression and proposed a new prognostic model including Ki-67 expression for stage I/II extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied Ki-67 expression and its relationship with prognosis in 50 patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Ki-67 expression is predictive of prognosis, and our prognostic model may become a useful tool for predicting prognosis in patients with stage I/II extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.

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  • (PMID = 17693651.001).
  • [ISSN] 0923-7534
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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62. Kim TM, Heo DS: Extranodal NK / T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: new staging system and treatment strategies. Cancer Sci; 2009 Dec;100(12):2242-8
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  • [Title] Extranodal NK / T-cell lymphoma, nasal type: new staging system and treatment strategies.
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NTCL) is characterized by clinical heterogeneity based on clinical prognostic factors and survival outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19758393.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7006
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 65
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63. Mori Y, Aoki T, Takenaka K, Yamauchi T, Yamamoto A, Kamezaki K, Iwasaki H, Harada N, Miyamoto T, Nagafuji K, Teshima T, Akashi K: Successful treatment of refractory advanced nasal NK/T cell lymphoma with unrelated cord blood stem cell transplantation incorporating focal irradiation. Int J Hematol; 2010 Jan;91(1):107-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Successful treatment of refractory advanced nasal NK/T cell lymphoma with unrelated cord blood stem cell transplantation incorporating focal irradiation.
  • Nasal natural killer (NK)/T cell lymphoma is a rare disease with a poor prognosis.
  • We report the case of a 52-year-old woman with progressive advanced nasal NK/T cell lymphoma, with local invasiveness and bone marrow involvement, who was successfully treated with unrelated cord blood transplantation (UCBT).
  • Although the observation period has been relatively short and longer follow-up is needed, our observations suggest that incorporating focal irradiation to conditioning regimen for local control might be an effective treatment option for advanced nasal NK/T cell lymphoma in the setting of UCBT.
  • [MeSH-major] Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / therapy. Nose Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Positron-Emission Tomography. Remission Induction. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Whole-Body Irradiation

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  • (PMID = 19949902.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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64. Wang Z: [Nasal extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma: terminologic evaluation and diagnostic problems]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2010 Sep;24(17):791-4
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  • [Title] [Nasal extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma: terminologic evaluation and diagnostic problems].
  • OBJECTIVE: To review on the evolution in the understanding of midline destructive lesions of the sinonasal tract in different period, and to describe the clinical features and diagnostic problems on the nasal extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma (NENKTCL).
  • METHOD: To retrospectively study the nasal CT scannings and the results of serum ANCA of 10 patients with typical clinical characteristics.
  • RESULT: All patients presented with the symptoms of the nasal obstruction and the nasal discharge.
  • Nasal endoscopy and CT scan of paranasal sinuses showed destructive sinonasal lesions.
  • Clinically, Nasal lesions in the cases were similar to those from historical nomenclature.
  • CONCLUSION: Outdated terminology referring to midline lesions includes a variety of diseases, and NENKTCL is an independent disease focusing on destructive lesions of face and nose.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21090103.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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65. Kim SJ, Kim WS: Treatment of localized extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type. Int J Hematol; 2010 Dec;92(5):690-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment of localized extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • Extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma predominantly presents as a localized disease in the upper aerodigestive tract from the nasal cavity to the hypopharynx.
  • Likewise, for patients with poor prognostic factors, such as a high NK lymphoma prognostic index, autologous stem cell transplantation during remission and additional treatments with central nervous system prophylaxis may be beneficial.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Drug Therapy. Humans. Neoplasms, Second Primary / prevention & control. Radiotherapy. Salvage Therapy. Stem Cell Transplantation. Transplantation, Autologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21086194.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Shim SJ, Yang WI, Shin E, Koom WS, Kim YB, Cho JH, Suh CO, Kim JH, Kim GE: Clinical significance of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2007 Jan 1;67(1):31-8
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  • [Title] Clinical significance of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • PURPOSE: To determine whether there are any differences in therapeutic response, patterns of systemic recurrence, and prognosis of patients with extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, by the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-four patients with Ann Arbor Stage I and II extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma who underwent chemotherapy or radiotherapy, or both, were retrospectively reviewed.
  • These patients were divided into two groups according to their immunohistochemical staining for COX-2 expressions: a COX-2-negative group (n = 10 patients) and a COX-2-positive group (n = 24 patients).
  • Compared with the patients in the COX-2-negative group, those in the COX-2-positive group had a significantly lower 2-year systemic recurrence-free survival rate (100% for the COX-2-negative group vs. 54% for the COX-2-positive group) (p = 0.02) and a decreased 5-year overall survival rate (70% for the COX-2-negative group vs. 32% for the COX-2-positive group) (p = 0.06).
  • CONCLUSION: Cyclooxygenase-2 expression can serve as a predictive factor for poor treatment response, higher systemic recurrence, and unfavorable prognosis in patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type.
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclooxygenase 2 / metabolism. Head and Neck Neoplasms / metabolism. Lymphoma, T-Cell / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17049184.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2
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67. Nomura E, Isoda K, Yamanaka K, Yamaguchi M, Hakamada A, Mizutani H: Extra nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type that responded to DeVIC combination chemotherapy. J Dermatol; 2005 Mar;32(3):204-9
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  • [Title] Extra nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type that responded to DeVIC combination chemotherapy.
  • We report a 76-year-old woman with extra nodal NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal type (ENKL).
  • The tumor cells showed angiocentric growth with necrosis.
  • Immunohistologically, the tumor cells from the skin lesion expressed CD2, cytoplasmic CD3, CD56, and T-cell intracellular antigen-1 (TIA-1), but not surface CD3, CD19, and TdT.
  • The gastric tumor cell, also expressed cytoplasmic CD3, CD45RO and CD56.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / therapy. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Carboplatin / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Dexamethasone / therapeutic use. Disease Progression. Etoposide / therapeutic use. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Ifosfamide / therapeutic use. Immunohistochemistry. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

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  • (PMID = 15863868.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; UM20QQM95Y / Ifosfamide
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68. Ishii H, Ogino T, Berger C, Köchli-Schmitz N, Nagato T, Takahara M, Nadal D, Harabuchi Y: Clinical usefulness of serum EBV DNA levels of BamHI W and LMP1 for Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. J Med Virol; 2007 May;79(5):562-72
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  • [Title] Clinical usefulness of serum EBV DNA levels of BamHI W and LMP1 for Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was utilized to measure serum EBV DNA levels of BamHI W fragment and latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) in 20 nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma patients.
  • The BamHI Z fragment, Epstein-Barr-replication activator (ZEBRA) expression was detected in a small proportion (0.1-3%) of lymphoma cells from 10 (50%) of the patients.
  • Patients with ZEBRA expression showed significantly higher DNA levels of BamHI W and LMP1 (P = 0.0081, P = 0.004), suggesting that EBV DNA may be caused by EBV replication from lymphoma cells.
  • These data suggest that simultaneous measurement of serum levels of both BamHI W and LMP1 DNAs may be useful for diagnosis, disease monitoring, and prediction of prognosis for nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma patients.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA, Viral / blood. Deoxyribonuclease BamHI / genetics. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis. Viral Matrix Proteins / genetics. Viral Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17385697.001).
  • [ISSN] 0146-6615
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Med. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Viral; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / EBV-associated membrane antigen, Epstein-Barr virus; 0 / Peptide Fragments; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins; 0 / Viral Proteins; EC 3.1.21.- / Deoxyribonuclease BamHI
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69. Rhee KH, Hong SC, An JM, Huh J, Sook RJ, Lee JS, Suh C: Mediastinal single nodal relapse of a nasal NK/T cell lymphoma. Korean J Intern Med; 2007 Sep;22(3):201-5
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  • [Title] Mediastinal single nodal relapse of a nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • A nasal NK/T cell lymphoma is a very aggressive form of lymphoma.
  • We describe here a 40-year old man who presented with a nasal obstruction caused by a protruding mass that was identified as a nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • However, PET performed following radiotherapy revealed a single mediastinal lymphadenopathy, with no evidence of residual tumor in the nasal cavity.
  • A biopsy using video-assisted thoracoscopy (VATS) showed the presence of a recurrent NK/T cell lymphoma with an immunophenotype identical to that of the primary nasal lymphoma.
  • These findings indicate that early detection with PET and prompt surgical excision with the use of VATS can lead to successful treatment of a relapsed nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / therapy. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17939339.001).
  • [ISSN] 1226-3303
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of internal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J. Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; VAP-cyclo protocol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2687701
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70. Suzuki R, Takeuchi K, Ohshima K, Nakamura S: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma: diagnosis and treatment cues. Hematol Oncol; 2008 Jun;26(2):66-72

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma: diagnosis and treatment cues.
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKL) is mostly endemic to East Asia.
  • It predominantly occurs in the nasal or paranasal areas and less frequently in the skin.
  • Most of the tumours show NK-cell, but rarely T-cell, phenotypes.
  • The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome can be usually detected in lymphoma cells.
  • Originally, NK-cell and T-cell types were believed to present the same clinicopathologic characteristics, but recent data suggest more aggressive characteristics for the NK-cell phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / cytology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD56 / biosynthesis. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Biopsy. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Herpesvirus 4, Human / metabolism. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Medical Oncology / methods. Models, Biological. P-Glycoprotein / metabolism. Phenotype. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18283711.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD56; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / P-Glycoprotein
  • [Number-of-references] 74
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71. Zhao S, Liu WP, Zhang WY, Li GD: [Extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma: the expression of Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 and its significance of prognosis]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2005 May;36(3):338-40
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  • [Title] [Extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma: the expression of Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 and its significance of prognosis].
  • To investigate the expression and prognostic significance of Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma in the Chengdu area.
  • METHODS: The expression of latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and DNA-PCR in 67 cases of extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma, and the differences in survival rate between positive and negative expression groups of LMP1-protien and LMP1-DNA were analyzed respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: LMP1 was shown to be closely associated with extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma in Chengdu.
  • No relationship was found between the prognosis and the LMP1 expression in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / virology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / virology. Nose Neoplasms / virology. Viral Matrix Proteins / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 15931862.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / EBV-associated membrane antigen, Epstein-Barr virus; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins; 0 / Viral Proteins
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72. Tardío JC, Moreno A, Pérez C, Hernández-Rivas JA, López-Carreira M: Primary laryngeal T/NK-cell lymphoma, nasal-type: an unusual location for an aggressive subtype of extranodal lymphoma. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2008 Jun;265(6):705-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary laryngeal T/NK-cell lymphoma, nasal-type: an unusual location for an aggressive subtype of extranodal lymphoma.
  • Most of them are extramedullary plasmocytomas, diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, or MALT-type marginal zone B-cell lymphomas.
  • T- or NK-cell lymphomas have rarely been reported in this location.
  • We present hereby a primary laryngeal T/NK-cell lymphoma, nasal-type.
  • The extranodal T/NK-cell lymphoma, nasal-type is a very aggressive subtype of extranodal lymphoma, usually located in the nasal cavity or in nearby sites.
  • The prognosis of extranasal cases of this type of lymphoma is poor, even when they are diagnosed in localized stages.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Laryngeal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17955253.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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73. Lee J, Park YH, Kim WS, Lee SS, Ryoo BY, Yang SH, Park KW, Kang JH, Park JO, Lee SH, Kim K, Jung CW, Park YS, Im YH, Kang WK, Lee MH, Ko YH, Ahn YC, Park K: Extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma: elucidating clinical prognostic factors for risk-based stratification of therapy. Eur J Cancer; 2005 Jul;41(10):1402-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma: elucidating clinical prognostic factors for risk-based stratification of therapy.
  • The purpose of this study was to define distinctive clinical features of "nasal" and "nasal-type" NK/T cell lymphomas by assessing prognostic factors.
  • The anatomic definition of extranasal NK/T cell lymphoma has been vague resulting in variable definitions of extranasal sites by different groups.
  • We analysed the clinical behavior of 90 NK/T cell lymphoma patients and attempted to elucidate the prognostic factors for risk-based stratification of therapy.
  • We observed no significant difference between "nasal" and "nasal-type" NK/T cell lymphomas in regards to clinical features and survival using the conventional anatomic classification.
  • We suggest the categorisation of the two subtypes of NK/T cell lymphoma as follows: UNKTL (upper aerodigestive tract NK/T cell lymphoma) including all lymphomas confined to nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and the upper aerodigestive tract and EUNKTL (extra-upper aerodigestive tract NK/T cell lymphoma) group to include all sites other than the UNKTL group.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15963893.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-8049
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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74. Zhao S, Liu WP, Wang XL, Zhang WY, Jiang W, Tang Y, Li GD: [Detection of the 30 base pair deletion of Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma and its prognostic significance]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Nov;34(11):720-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Detection of the 30 base pair deletion of Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma and its prognostic significance].
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare the detection rate of Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein 1 (LMP1) 30 base pair deletion in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma with that in chronic inflammation of nasopharynx and tonsillitis; and to analyze the prognostic significance of LMP1 deletion in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the deletion of LMP1 in 55 cases of extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma and 19 cases of chronic inflammation of nasopharynx and tonsillitis.
  • RESULTS: In all the 55 extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma cases studied, 9 cases contained the wide-type or predominantly wide-type LMP1.
  • In the non-lymphoma control group, 16 cases contained the deleted or predominantly deleted LMP1.
  • However, no statistically significant difference was found in the detection rate of 30 base pair deleted LMP1 between extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma and control group (P > 0.05).
  • The prognosis of deleted or predominantly deleted LMP1 in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma was worse.
  • CONCLUSION: Though 30 base pair deletion of Epstein-Barr virus LMP1 may not be an important pathogenetic step in extranodal nasal type NK/T-cell lymphoma, it may play some role in tumor progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / genetics. Nose Neoplasms / genetics. Sequence Deletion. Viral Matrix Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Base Sequence. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / genetics. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / virology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Killer Cells, Natural / virology. Male. Middle Aged. Nasopharyngitis. Survival Rate. Tonsillitis / genetics. Tonsillitis / virology

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  • (PMID = 16536316.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / EBV-associated membrane antigen, Epstein-Barr virus; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins
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75. Yao B, Li YX, Fang H, Yu ZH, Jin J, Liu XF: [Prognostic factors and treatment outcome in early stage nasal NK/T cell lymphoma]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Apr;27(4):222-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Prognostic factors and treatment outcome in early stage nasal NK/T cell lymphoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze initial response rate of radiotherapy and chemotherapy for early nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma, and its prognostic factors.
  • METHODS: From January 1996 to December 2002, 116 patients with nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma were diagnosed pathologically.
  • Addition of chemotherapy to radiotherapy do not improve the survival of patients with early stage nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Radiotherapy is the primary treatment for stage I and II nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / therapy. Nasal Cavity. Nose Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16875550.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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76. Kim HJ, Bang SM, Lee J, Kwon HC, Suh C, Kim HJ, Lee JH, Ryoo BY, Park YH, Kwon JM, Oh SY, Lee HR, Kim K, Jung CW, Park K, Kim WS: High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma: a retrospective comparison with non-transplantation cases. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2006 May;37(9):819-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma: a retrospective comparison with non-transplantation cases.
  • To determine the role of high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (HDC/ASCT) in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma patients, we conducted a retrospective analysis.
  • In conclusion, HDC/ASCT may be considered as a treatment option for patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, especially those in CR, with advanced disease (stage III/IV or EUNKTL) and high NKIPI scores.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, T-Cell / therapy. Stem Cell Transplantation / methods

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  • [Copyright] Bone Marrow Transplantation (2006) 37, 819-824. doi:10.1038/sj.bmt.1705349; published online 20 March 2006.
  • (PMID = 16547486.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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77. Jeon YK, Kim H, Park SO, Choi HY, Kim YA, Park SS, Kim JE, Kim YN, Kim CW: Resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis is restored by cycloheximide through the downregulation of cellular FLIPL in NK/T-cell lymphoma. Lab Invest; 2005 Jul;85(7):874-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Resistance to Fas-mediated apoptosis is restored by cycloheximide through the downregulation of cellular FLIPL in NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL), nasal type, is a highly aggressive neoplasm and is strongly associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
  • In this study, we demonstrate that EBV-positive NKTL cell lines, namely, Hank-1, NK-YS, and NK-L, are resistant to Fas-mediated apoptosis induced by anti-Fas antibodies despite high levels of Fas surface expression and no mutation in the Fas gene.
  • Fas stimulation of Hank-1 and NK-YS cells showed little processing of caspase 8, caspase 3, or bid, although the proximal signaling molecules of the death-inducing signaling complex, namely, Fas, Fas-associated protein with a death domain, caspase 8, and bid were present in these cells.
  • Since etoposide-induced apoptosis involved caspase 3 activation in Hank-1 and NK-YS cells, the caspase 3-dependent apoptotic machinery appears to be intact.
  • Interestingly, cotreatment of Hank-1 with cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor, markedly sensitized cells to Fas-mediated apoptosis along with caspase 8 activation and c-FLIP(L) (cellular FLICE inhibitory protein long form) downregulation.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD95 / biosynthesis. Apoptosis / drug effects. Azacitidine / analogs & derivatives. Cycloheximide / pharmacology. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / drug therapy. Protein Synthesis Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology. Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins. CASP8 and FADD-Like Apoptosis Regulating Protein. Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / genetics. Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism. Caspases / biosynthesis. Cell Proliferation. Cell Survival. Death-Associated Protein Kinases. Down-Regulation. Enzyme Activation. Etoposide / pharmacology. Humans. Jurkat Cells / drug effects. Jurkat Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15924153.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-6837
  • [Journal-full-title] Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lab. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD95; 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / CASP8 and FADD-Like Apoptosis Regulating Protein; 0 / CFLAR protein, human; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Protein Synthesis Inhibitors; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 776B62CQ27 / decitabine; 98600C0908 / Cycloheximide; EC 2.7.11.1 / Death-Associated Protein Kinases; EC 2.7.11.17 / Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases; M801H13NRU / Azacitidine
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78. Liu A, Nakatsuka S, Yang WI, Kojya S, Aozasa K: Expression of cell adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors: angioinvasiveness in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Oncol Rep; 2005 Apr;13(4):613-20

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of cell adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors: angioinvasiveness in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • Sinonasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is closely associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and expresses latent membrane protein (LMP)-1 and EB nuclear antigen (EBNA)-1, i.e., latency II of EBV infection.
  • To elucidate the molecular mechanism of angio-invasiveness in NKTCL, expression of cell adhesion molecules and chemokine receptors at mRNA and protein levels was examined using real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry in 17 NKTCL together with 10 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL) and 9 non-neoplastic nasal mucosa as controls.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / metabolism. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Neovascularization, Pathologic. Receptors, Chemokine / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, Viral / chemistry. Cell Adhesion. Cell Line, Tumor. DNA Primers / chemistry. DNA, Complementary / metabolism. Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens / biosynthesis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Immunophenotyping. In Situ Hybridization. Male. Middle Aged. Models, Biological. Nasal Mucosa / pathology. RNA / metabolism. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Up-Regulation. Viral Matrix Proteins / biosynthesis. Viral Proteins / chemistry. Virus Latency

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  • (PMID = 15756432.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Viral; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / DNA, Complementary; 0 / EBV-associated membrane antigen, Epstein-Barr virus; 0 / Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Chemokine; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins; 0 / Viral Proteins; 63231-63-0 / RNA
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79. Wang TT, Wang Z: [Recent advances on extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma of nasal type]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Dec;17(6):1624-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Recent advances on extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma of nasal type].
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKT), is a distinct clinicopathologic disease, common among East Asia and Latin America population.
  • It predominantly occurs in the nasal or paranasal areas and less frequently in the skin.
  • The main clinical features are nasal congestion, sore throat, dysphagia and epistaxis, due to a destructive mass involving the midline facial tissues.
  • Pathologically, lymphoma cells exhibit angioinvasion, angiodestruction and coagulative necrosis.

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  • (PMID = 20030961.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
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80. Guo Y, Lu JJ, Ma X, Wang B, Hong X, Li X, Li J: Combined chemoradiation for the management of nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma: elucidating the significance of systemic chemotherapy. Oral Oncol; 2008 Jan;44(1):23-30
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  • [Title] Combined chemoradiation for the management of nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma: elucidating the significance of systemic chemotherapy.
  • The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the efficacy and treatment outcome of CHOP and CHOP combined with nitrosourea chemotherapy in natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal cavity.
  • Sixty-three patients with NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal cavity were treated with CHOP or CHOP combined with oral nitrosourea chemotherapy between January 1997 and June 2005.
  • By the Ann Arbor Lymphoma Staging Classification, 57 patients (90%) had Stage IE or IIE disease and six patients (10%) had Stage III or IV disease.
  • Multivariate analysis revealed that International Prognostic Index (IPI) for Lymphoma, perforation of nasal septum as a presenting symptom, "B" symptoms, ECOG performance, as well as response after chemotherapy, were significant independent prognostic factors for this group of patients.
  • The extent of response after induction chemotherapy is significantly related to the treatment outcome of patients with nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / drug therapy. Nose Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17306611.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 13909-09-6 / Semustine; 7BRF0Z81KG / Lomustine
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81. Tiodorović J, Lazarević V, Binić I, Tiodorović-Zivković D: Nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma: a case report. Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat; 2007 Jun;16(2):73-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma: a case report.
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma represents less than 1% of all lymphomas, but is more common in Asia and South America.
  • Two nodules were taken for biopsy, which showed atypical lymphoid cells with angiocentric growth pattern.
  • The immunophenotype of the tumor cells was CD45RO +, CD56 +, CD3 + (epsilon chain), CD20-, consistent with the diagnosis of NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • NK/T-cell lymphomas are rare and the optimal treatment has not been clearly established.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Scalp / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17992462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1318-4458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta dermatovenerologica Alpina, Pannonica, et Adriatica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovenia
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82. Lee J, Kim WS, Park YH, Park SH, Park KW, Kang JH, Lee SS, Lee SI, Lee SH, Kim K, Jung CW, Ahn YC, Ko YH, Park K: Nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma: clinical features and treatment outcome. Br J Cancer; 2005 Apr 11;92(7):1226-30
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  • [Title] Nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma: clinical features and treatment outcome.
  • Nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma is an increasingly recognised disease entity of aggressive clinical behaviour.
  • The objective of this study was to investigate clinical features and treatment outcomes in patients with nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • From January 1991 to December 2003, 26 patients diagnosed as nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma were included in the analysis.
  • The median survival for 26 patients with nasal-type NK/T cell lymphoma was 7.4 months (95% CI, 0.1, 16.9).
  • In conclusion, Nasal-type NK/T cell lymphomas showed a poor response to the conventional anthracycline-based chemotherapy, and thus an investigation for an innovative therapy is urgently needed to improve survival in these patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Nasal Cavity / pathology. Neoplasm Staging. Nose Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anthracyclines / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Female. Health Status. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell. Male. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 15798768.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracyclines; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2361983
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83. Tham IW, Lee KM, Yap SP, Loong SL: Outcome of patients with nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma treated with radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy. Head Neck; 2006 Feb;28(2):126-34
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  • [Title] Outcome of patients with nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma treated with radiotherapy, with or without chemotherapy.
  • BACKGROUND: This study reviews the outcome of patients with nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma treated at the Therapeutic Radiology Department, National Cancer Centre, Singapore, from 1997 to 2003.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell / radiotherapy. Nose Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16240328.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-3074
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Hsieh PP, Tung CL, Chan AB, Liao JB, Wang JS, Tseng HH, Su HH, Chang KC, Chang CC: EBV viral load in tumor tissue is an important prognostic indicator for nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Am J Clin Pathol; 2007 Oct;128(4):579-84
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  • [Title] EBV viral load in tumor tissue is an important prognostic indicator for nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • We retrospectively studied 19 cases of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma for various potential prognostic factors and performed real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) viral load in tumor tissue.
  • Patients with a low EBV viral load (<1 copy per cell) more frequently survived for more than 2 years compared with patients with a high EBV viral load (>/=1 copies/cell) (7/7 vs 3/9; P = .014; Fisher exact test).
  • In contrast, the overall survival of the patients did not correlate with the extent of lesion, age, stage, necrosis, histologic subtypes, CD56 expression, or angiocentric or angiodestructive growth pattern.
  • Our findings suggest that the EBV viral load in tumor tissues is a useful indicator for predicting outcome of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / virology. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Killer Cells, Natural / virology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / virology. Nose Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 17875508.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9173
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Viral
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85. Xu G, Wang H, He G, Chen D: [Expressions of p53 and p21 in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma and their relationship with the proliferation and apoptosis of cells]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Jan;23(2):73-6
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  • [Title] [Expressions of p53 and p21 in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma and their relationship with the proliferation and apoptosis of cells].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of expressions of p53 and p21 in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL) and their relationship with cell proliferation and apoptosis.
  • The intensity of p53 and p21 expression, the Ann Arbor stage and the size of tumor cell all were positively correlated with PI (Spearman correlation analysis, P<0.05), while no correlation with AI (P>0.05).
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis. Cell Proliferation. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / metabolism. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19452712.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-1781
  • [Journal-full-title] Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDKN1A protein, human; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / TP53 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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86. Harabuchi Y, Takahara M, Kishibe K, Moriai S, Nagato T, Ishii H: Nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma: clinical, histological, virological, and genetic features. Int J Clin Oncol; 2009 Jun;14(3):181-90
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  • [Title] Nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma: clinical, histological, virological, and genetic features.
  • Nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NNKTL) is a clinical illness characterized by progressive unrelenting ulceration and necrosis of the nasal cavity and midline facial tissues.
  • Histological features of the lymphoma include angiocentric and polymorphous lymphoreticular infiltrates, called polymorphic reticulosis.
  • Surface antigens and the NK-cell marker, CD56, as well as pan-T antigen CD2, cytoplasmic CD3 (CD3epsilon), and CD45 are expressed in the lymphoma cells.
  • The origin of the lymphoma is thought to be either NK-cell linkage without T-cell receptor (TCR) rearrangement or gammadeltaT-cell linkage with gammadeltaTCR rearrangement.
  • Since the authors of this study first demonstrated the presence of Epstein Barr virus (EBV)-DNA and EBV oncogenic proteins in NNKTL, the lymphoma has been classified as one of the EBV-associated malignancies.
  • The NNKTL cells produce interleukin (IL)-9, IL-10, and interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 (IP-10), possibly due to EBV-oncogenic proteins in the lymphoma cells, and such cytokines take an important part in the cell proliferation and invasion, acting in an autocrine manner.
  • Clinically, the serum EBV-DNA copy number is useful as a specific tumor marker and a predictive prognostic factor.
  • Even in early clinical stages, the lymphoma shows poor prognosis caused by the rapid progression of the lesion into distinct organs.
  • In this article, the clinical, pathological, and virological characteristics of the lymphoma are reviewed, along with a report of our investigations.
  • [MeSH-major] Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell. Nose Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 19593607.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-9625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chemokines; 0 / Cytokines
  • [Number-of-references] 65
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87. Kanitsap N, Warnnissorn N: NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type with sinonasal mass and palatal ulcer: a clinical case report and review of treatment. J Med Assoc Thai; 2010 Dec;93 Suppl 7:S294-8
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  • [Title] NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type with sinonasal mass and palatal ulcer: a clinical case report and review of treatment.
  • Extranodal Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma, relatively uncommon type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, is highly aggressive disease with poor outcomes.
  • We reported a 45-year-old woman with extranodal nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • The patient presented with chronic nasal stuffiness and mucous bloody discharge.
  • The nasal mass is extensively involved periorbital and sinonasal soft tissue.
  • The salvage chemotherapy was given and the treatment of NK/T cell lymphoma from other reports and literatures were reviewed.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. Oral Ulcer / radiography. Salvage Therapy

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  • (PMID = 21294428.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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88. Schwartz EJ, Molina-Kirsch H, Zhao S, Marinelli RJ, Warnke RA, Natkunam Y: Immunohistochemical characterization of nasal-type extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma using a tissue microarray: an analysis of 84 cases. Am J Clin Pathol; 2008 Sep;130(3):343-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunohistochemical characterization of nasal-type extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma using a tissue microarray: an analysis of 84 cases.
  • Nasal-type extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is an uncommon malignancy.
  • By using a tissue microarray, we characterized 84 cases of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with regard to expression of 18 immunohistochemical markers and the presence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) RNA.
  • Hierarchical cluster analysis separated primary cutaneous cases from cases manifesting in other sites based on lower expression of the cell adhesion molecule CD54.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / pathology. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD45 / biosynthesis. Herpesvirus 4, Human. Humans. In Situ Hybridization. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Microarray Analysis. RNA, Viral / analysis. T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18701406.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9173
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA34233
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Viral; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45; EC 3.1.3.48 / PTPRC protein, human
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89. Yong W, Zheng W, Zhu J, Zhang Y, Wei Y, Wang X, Lin N, Xie Y, Xu B, Li J: Midline NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal-type: treatment outcome, the effect of L-asparaginase based regimen, and prognostic factors. Hematol Oncol; 2006 Mar;24(1):28-32
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  • [Title] Midline NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal-type: treatment outcome, the effect of L-asparaginase based regimen, and prognostic factors.
  • PURPOSE: Midline NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal-type is an aggressive neoplasm with poor prognosis in most instances.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: From March 1992 to January 2005, 46 Chinese patients with midline NK/T-cell lymphoma nasal-type were initially treated with CHOP regimen as first-line chemotherapy.
  • CONCLUSION: In this preliminary study, the results indicated that L-asparaginase based regimen might be a promising new salvage chemotherapeutic regimen in CHOP failures and conduce to improve the treatment outcome in midline NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal-type.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Asparaginase / therapeutic use. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy. Nose Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 16323259.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; VAP-cyclo protocol
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90. Zhang YJ, Hu WH, Liu H, Cheng EC, Ren ZM, Xia YF, Cui NJ: [Clinical features and prognosis of nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2006 Jan;28(1):50-3
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  • [Title] [Clinical features and prognosis of nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features, treatment modalities and the prognosis of nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Most of nasal type NK/T cell lymphoma are in early stage when diagnosed.
  • Combined chemoradiotherapy needs further improvement for the progressive disease type.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural. Lymphoma, T-Cell / therapy. Nose Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16737622.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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91. Meng W, Zhou Y, Zhang H, Jiang L, Wang Z, Li X, Zhou H, Chen Q, Zeng X: Nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma with palatal ulcer as the earliest clinical manifestation: a case report with literature review. Pathol Oncol Res; 2010 Mar;16(1):133-7
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  • [Title] Nasal-type NK/T-cell lymphoma with palatal ulcer as the earliest clinical manifestation: a case report with literature review.
  • Extranodal nasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma is a very rare kind of lymphoma, Oral cavity involvement of extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type is extremely rare, and its clinicopathologic features are also poorly understood.
  • Recently, we experienced an unusual case of Epstein-Barr virus-associated, extranodal NK/T-cell type with a unhealed palatal ulcer as the earliest clinical feature.
  • It is a challenge for oral medicine specialists to make the early diagnosis for this special type of tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Palate / pathology. Ulcer / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19590983.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2807
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology oncology research : POR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Oncol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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92. Valiathan M, Rao RV, Rao L, Jaffe ES, Pillai S: Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma mimicking a squamous cell carcinoma: a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2005 Apr;48(2):257-9
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  • [Title] Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma mimicking a squamous cell carcinoma: a case report.
  • A 48 year old female presented with extensive ulceration of the nasal septum of 8 months duration.
  • Florid squamous metaplasia, and pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia of mucosal epithelium mimicked squamous cell carcinoma and necrotising sialometaplasia.
  • Immunohistochemistry and insitu hybridization confirmed the diagnosis of an EBV positive, Nasal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Nose Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16758689.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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93. Na II, Kang HJ, Park YH, Lee SS, Yoo HJ, Choe DH, Ryoo BY, Yang SH: Prognostic factors for classifying extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type, as lymphoid neoplasia. Eur J Haematol; 2007 Jul;79(1):1-7
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  • [Title] Prognostic factors for classifying extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type, as lymphoid neoplasia.
  • This study evaluated the applicability of prognostic factors commonly used for diagnosis of classical lymphoma outcomes to extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type (NTCL).
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / immunology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / classification. Nose Neoplasms / classification

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  • (PMID = 17598834.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
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94. Xu G, Wang HF, He G, Xu G: [Expression and significance of P53 and P21 in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2010 Jan;41(1):132-6
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  • [Title] [Expression and significance of P53 and P21 in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the significance of P53 and P21 expressions in nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL) and their relationships with the clinical stage, prognosis, proliferation and apoptosis of tumor cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / metabolism. Lymphoma, T-Cell / metabolism. Nose Neoplasms / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Ki-67 Antigen / genetics. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Killer Cells, Natural / immunology. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20369488.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDKN1A protein, human; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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95. Ye YH, Li T, Qi WX, Guo ZQ, Zhang B: [Amplification and specific expression of T-bet gene in nasal NK/T cell lymphoma]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Apr 4;86(13):881-5
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  • [Title] [Amplification and specific expression of T-bet gene in nasal NK/T cell lymphoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the specific genetic alterations in nasal NK/T cell lymphoma (N-NK/T-L) and the significance thereof.
  • METHODS: Restriction landmark genomic scanning (RLGS) was performed on the specimen of a case of N-NK/T-L and the peripheral blood leukocytes of the same case.
  • The RLGS image was analyzed with the Virtual genome scan (VGS) software so as to discover abnormality of T-bet gene.
  • Southern blotting and dot blotting were performed on 3 cases of fresh N-NK/T-L tumor tissues and the genome of the case of peripheral blood lymphocytes.
  • The expression of the T-bet (T-box expressed in T cell) gene in the tissue sections of 20 cases of N-NK/T-L, 17 cases of B cell lymphoma (BCL), 3 cases of normal spleen, and 5 cases of chronic nasopharyngitis was detected by in situ hybridization.
  • RESULTS: RLGS combined with VGS revealed a genomic alteration in the T-bet gene and consequent Southern and dot blotting confirmed this genomic alteration in the N-NK/T-L cells.
  • In situ hybridization showed that the T-bet mRNA expression rate of the N-NK/T-L cells was 90.0% (18/20), significantly higher than that of the BCL (11.8%, 2/17, P < 0.01).
  • CONCLUSION: The amplification and over-expression of the T-bet gene may play a role in the development of N-NK/T-L.
  • The potential value of over-expression of T-bet gene in diagnosis of N-NK/T-L is worth further investigating.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / genetics. Nose Neoplasms / genetics. T-Box Domain Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Blotting, Southern. Gene Amplification. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. In Situ Hybridization. Nasal Mucosa / metabolism. Nasal Mucosa / pathology. Spleen / metabolism. Spleen / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16759512.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / T-Box Domain Proteins; 0 / T-box transcription factor TBX21
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96. Choi YL, Park JH, Namkung JH, Lee JH, Yang JM, Lee ES, Lee DY, Jang KT, Ko YH: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with cutaneous involvement: 'nasal' vs. 'nasal-type' subgroups--a retrospective study of 18 patients. Br J Dermatol; 2009 Feb;160(2):333-7
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  • [Title] Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with cutaneous involvement: 'nasal' vs. 'nasal-type' subgroups--a retrospective study of 18 patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Extranodal natural killer T (NK/T) cell lymphoma is subcategorized into 'nasal' and 'nasal-type' NK/T-cell lymphomas according to the primary sites of anatomical involvement.
  • OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to characterize the cutaneous manifestations of the skin involving extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma and to define the distinctive features of 'nasal' and 'nasal-type'.
  • METHODS: A retrospective case study of 18 patients with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma with cutaneous involvement was performed.
  • RESULTS: The NK/T-cell lymphomas usually occurred in middle-aged, male patients.
  • The characteristic features of the 'nasal-type' compared with the 'nasal' were a localized involvement of the skin, less aggressive clinical course and better survival outcome.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas are extremely aggressive regardless of their subgroup.
  • However, the 'nasal-type' NK/T-cell lymphoma was clinically less aggressive, more localized and had a better outcome compared with the other type.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / pathology. Nasal Cavity / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19014396.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2133
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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97. Liu JK, Sayama C, Chin SS, Couldwell WT: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma presenting as a pituitary mass. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg; 2007 Sep;107(3):660-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma presenting as a pituitary mass. Case report and review of the literature.
  • Primary pituitary lymphomas (PPLs) are rare tumors of the central nervous system, and most are of B-cell origin.
  • Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphomas are uncommon neoplasms that are highly aggressive and show a strong association with Epstein-Barr virus.
  • They most commonly affect the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses; manifestation as a primary pituitary tumor has never been described.
  • The authors report a case of NK/T-cell lymphoma of the pituitary gland and review 17 cases of PPL from the literature.
  • Patients who had systemic lymphoma with secondary involvement of the pituitary gland were excluded.
  • Thirteen patients (72%) had B-cell lymphoma, four (22%) had T-cell lymphoma, and one (6%) had NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • The pathological entity of NK/T-cell lymphoma is distinct, and its course is very aggressive with a poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural. Male

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  • (PMID = 17886569.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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98. Monma F, Ueno S, Yamaguchi M, Tawara I, Miyazaki K, Nishii K, Nakase K, Katayama N: [Long-term remission of a nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma patient with massive involvement of the orbita and liver dysfunction]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2009 Jan;50(1):44-8
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  • [Title] [Long-term remission of a nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma patient with massive involvement of the orbita and liver dysfunction].
  • Histopathologic examination of the biopsied right orbital tumor demonstrated extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal-type.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Liver Diseases / complications. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell / radiotherapy. Nose Neoplasms / drug therapy. Nose Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Orbital Neoplasms / drug therapy. Orbital Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 19225229.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase
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99. Lee SH, Ahn YC, Kim WS, Ko YH, Kim K, Park K: The effect of pre-irradiation dose intense CHOP on anthracyline resistance in localized nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. Haematologica; 2006 Mar;91(3):427-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The effect of pre-irradiation dose intense CHOP on anthracyline resistance in localized nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma.
  • We treated 17 patients with localized, nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma with two cycles of dose-intense CHOP (DI-CHOP) and early involved field radiation (IFRT).
  • [MeSH-major] Anthracyclines / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / drug effects. Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell / radiotherapy. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 16503553.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracyclines; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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100. Kim SJ, Kim BS, Choi CW, Seo HY, Seol HR, Sung HJ, Kim IS, Kim CY, Jung KY, Kim JS: Treatment outcome of front-line systemic chemotherapy for localized extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma in nasal and upper aerodigestive tract. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Jul;47(7):1265-73
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  • [Title] Treatment outcome of front-line systemic chemotherapy for localized extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma in nasal and upper aerodigestive tract.
  • We analysed the treatment outcome of localized extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma initially treated with CEOP-B chemotherapy based on the primary site of involvement (nasal cavity vs. upper aerodigestive tract) and treatment modality (chemotherapy vs. chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy.
  • Forty-three patients newly diagnosed as extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma were analysed: 29 cases from nasal cavity/nasopharynx and 14 from upper aerodigestive tract.
  • There may be a tendency for better overall survival in group of upper aerodigestive tract lymphoma than the nasal cavity/nasopharynx group (P = 0.0643).
  • However, front-line CEOP-B chemotherapy has a limited role and adjuvant radiotherapy failed to improve survival in localized extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Killer Cells, Natural / cytology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16923556.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 3Z8479ZZ5X / Epirubicin; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CEOP-B protocol
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