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1. Viana-Pereira M, Lopes JM, Little S, Milanezi F, Basto D, Pardal F, Jones C, Reis RM: Analysis of EGFR overexpression, EGFR gene amplification and the EGFRvIII mutation in Portuguese high-grade gliomas. Anticancer Res; 2008 Mar-Apr;28(2A):913-20
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: EGFR overexpression, EGFRvIII mutation and EGFR amplification were determined by immunohistochemistry and chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) in 27 primary glioblastomas (GBM), 24 anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (AO) and four anaplastic oligoastrocytomas (AOA).
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / metabolism. Glioma / genetics. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Gene Amplification. Glioblastoma / genetics. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mutation. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Portugal. Prognosis. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 18507036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / epidermal growth factor receptor VIII; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
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2. Laigle-Donadey F, Sanson M: [Pattern of care of high-grade gliomas]. Rev Prat; 2006 Oct 31;56(16):1779-86
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  • High grade gliomas are the most frequent and malignant primary brain tumours in adults.
  • Surgery is necessary for histological diagnosis.
  • The place of chemotherapy is growing not only for anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, more chemosensitive (particularly when they harbor 1p19q codeletions), but also for glioblastomas patients, which have been shown to benefit from radiotherapy plus concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / therapy. Glioma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Cortex Hormones / administration & dosage. Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / therapeutic use. Brain / pathology. Combined Modality Therapy. Dacarbazine / administration & dosage. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Dacarbazine / therapeutic use. Epilepsy / prevention & control. Forecasting. Genetic Markers. Glioblastoma / drug therapy. Glioblastoma / radiotherapy. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy. Prognosis. Quality of Life. Radiotherapy Dosage. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Survival Analysis. Thromboembolism / prevention & control. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17315503.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-2640
  • [Journal-full-title] La Revue du praticien
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Prat
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenal Cortex Hormones; 0 / Anticonvulsants; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 0 / Genetic Markers; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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3. Watanabe T, Nobusawa S, Kleihues P, Ohgaki H: IDH1 mutations are early events in the development of astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas. Am J Pathol; 2009 Apr;174(4):1149-53
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  • IDH1 mutations were frequent in low-grade diffuse astrocytomas (88%) and in secondary glioblastomas that developed through progression from low-grade diffuse or anaplastic astrocytoma (82%).
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Isocitrate Dehydrogenase / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19246647.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-2191
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 1.1.1.41 / Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2671348
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4. Nafe R, Yan B, Schlote W, Schneider B: Application of different methods for nuclear shape analysis with special reference to the differentiation of brain tumors. Anal Quant Cytol Histol; 2006 Apr;28(2):69-77
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  • [Title] Application of different methods for nuclear shape analysis with special reference to the differentiation of brain tumors.
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the discriminatory power of different methods designed for nuclear shape analysis with reference to the differentiation and grading of brain tumors and the differentiation between proliferating and nonproliferating nuclei.
  • (1) oligodendrogliomas WHO grade II (n = 13) vs. grade III (n = 11), (2) medulloblastomas WHO grade IV (n = 14) vs. anaplastic ependymomas WHO grade III (n = 12), (3) Ki-67-positive vs. Ki-67-negative tumor cell nuclei in the 14 medulloblastomas.
  • CONCLUSION: Fourier analysis provided an optimal statistical discrimination between different brain tumor entities and between data sets from proliferating and nonproliferating tumor cell nuclei.

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  • (PMID = 16637509.001).
  • [ISSN] 0884-6812
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical and quantitative cytology and histology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal. Quant. Cytol. Histol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. van den Bent MJ, Carpentier AF, Brandes AA, Sanson M, Taphoorn MJ, Bernsen HJ, Frenay M, Tijssen CC, Grisold W, Sipos L, Haaxma-Reiche H, Kros JM, van Kouwenhoven MC, Vecht CJ, Allgeier A, Lacombe D, Gorlia T: Adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine improves progression-free survival but not overall survival in newly diagnosed anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and oligoastrocytomas: a randomized European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer phase III trial. J Clin Oncol; 2006 Jun 20;24(18):2715-22
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  • [Title] Adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine improves progression-free survival but not overall survival in newly diagnosed anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and oligoastrocytomas: a randomized European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer phase III trial.
  • PURPOSE: Anaplastic oligodendrogliomas are more responsive to chemotherapy than high-grade astrocytomas.
  • We investigated, in a multicenter randomized controlled trial, whether adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV) chemotherapy improves overall survival (OS) in newly diagnosed patients with anaplastic oligodendrogliomas or anaplastic oligoastrocytomas.
  • CONCLUSION: Adjuvant PCV chemotherapy does not prolong OS but does increase PFS in anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy

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  • [CommentIn] Nat Clin Pract Oncol. 2007 Feb;4(2):78-9 [17228307.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2006 Jun 20;24(18):2689-90 [16782906.001]
  • [CommentIn] Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2007 May;7(3):189-90 [17488583.001]
  • [CommentIn] Nat Clin Pract Neurol. 2007 Jan;3(1):14-5 [17205067.001]
  • (PMID = 16782911.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase III; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 35S93Y190K / Procarbazine; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7BRF0Z81KG / Lomustine; PCV protocol
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6. Poulsen HS: [Gliomas in adults: primary non-surgical treatment]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2006 Nov 20;168(47):4082-5
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  • 900 to 1000 new cases of primary brain tumour occur each year in Denmark, and half of them are gliomas.
  • Anaplastic astrocytomas should be treated with postoperative radiation therapy with or without adjuvant chemotherapy.
  • Anaplastic oligodendroglioma should be treated with radiation therapy only.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / therapy. Glioma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Astrocytoma / drug therapy. Astrocytoma / radiotherapy. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Ependymoma / drug therapy. Ependymoma / radiotherapy. Glioblastoma / drug therapy. Glioblastoma / radiotherapy. Humans. Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy. Oligodendroglioma / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy Dosage. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant

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  • (PMID = 17134603.001).
  • [ISSN] 1603-6824
  • [Journal-full-title] Ugeskrift for laeger
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ugeskr. Laeg.
  • [Language] dan
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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7. Deorah S, Lynch CF, Sibenaller ZA, Ryken TC: Trends in brain cancer incidence and survival in the United States: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, 1973 to 2001. Neurosurg Focus; 2006;20(4):E1
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  • [Title] Trends in brain cancer incidence and survival in the United States: Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, 1973 to 2001.
  • OBJECT: An increasing incidence of brain cancer has been reported for the last three decades.
  • In this study of brain cancer incidence and patient survival in the US, the authors attempt to update information on trends by examining data provided by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program.
  • METHODS: Population-based data from the SEER Program were used to calculate the incidence of and survival rates for people with brain cancer.
  • The approximate Poisson method was used to calculate relative risks for brain cancer and to determine a 95% confidence interval.
  • The relative risks of brain cancer were 1.48 for men compared with women, 3.18 for elderly persons compared with young adults, 1.86 for Caucasian patients compared with African-American patients, and 1.35 for those in metropolitan counties compared with those in nonmetropolitan counties.
  • The incidence of brain cancer increased until 1987, when the annual percentage of change reversed direction, decreasing from 1.68 to 20.44%.
  • Rising trends were noticed for glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), oligodendroglioma, anaplastic astrocytoma, medulloblastoma, and mixed glioma, and falling trends were observed for astrocytoma not otherwise specified and malignant glioma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Increased risk of brain cancer is associated with being male, Caucasian, elderly, and residing in a metropolitan county.
  • The incidence rate of brain cancer in the US is gradually declining, but the rising trend of GBM combined with its poor survival rate is disconcerting and needs further exploration.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / epidemiology. Brain Neoplasms / epidemiology. Glioblastoma / epidemiology. Glioma / epidemiology. Medulloblastoma / epidemiology. Oligodendroglioma / epidemiology. Population Surveillance

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  • (PMID = 16709014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgical focus
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurg Focus
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Woodworth G, McGirt MJ, Samdani A, Garonzik I, Olivi A, Weingart JD: Accuracy of frameless and frame-based image-guided stereotactic brain biopsy in the diagnosis of glioma: comparison of biopsy and open resection specimen. Neurol Res; 2005 Jun;27(4):358-62
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  • [Title] Accuracy of frameless and frame-based image-guided stereotactic brain biopsy in the diagnosis of glioma: comparison of biopsy and open resection specimen.
  • OBJECTIVES: Tissue heterogeneity and rapid tumor progression may decrease the accuracy a prognostic value of stereotactic brain biopsy in the diagnosis of gliomas.
  • There has been a dramatic increase in the utilization of frameless image-guided stereotactic brain biopsy; however, its accuracy in the diagnosis of glioma remains unstudied.
  • METHODS: The diagnoses of 21 astrocytic brain tumors were derived using image-guided stereotactic biopsy (12 frame-based, nine frameless) and followed by open resection of the lesion 1.5 (0.5-4) months later.
  • The histologic diagnoses yielded by the biopsy were compared with subsequent histologic diagnosis from open tumor resection.
  • Anaplastic oligodendroglioma (ODG) was under-graded as low-grade ODG in one (5%) case.
  • DISCUSSION: Both frameless and frame-based MRI-guided stereotactic brain biopsy are safe and accurately represent the larger glioma mass sufficiently to guide subsequent therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Glioma / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Stereotaxic Techniques

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  • (PMID = 15949232.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-6412
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurological research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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9. Natale M, Spennato P, Savarese L, Bocchetti A, Esposito S, Barbato R: Anaplastic oligodendroglioma presenting with drop metastases in the cauda equina. Clin Neurol Neurosurg; 2005 Aug;107(5):417-20
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  • [Title] Anaplastic oligodendroglioma presenting with drop metastases in the cauda equina.
  • To our knowledge, an intracranial oligodendroglioma presenting with symptoms of drop metastases in the cauda equina has never been reported.
  • A spinal cord MRI showed multiple intradural nodular lesions at the level of the cauda equina, a MRI of the brain showed an intraventricular brain tumor.
  • The histopathological diagnosis of both surgically treated lesions was anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • The importance of the clinical and neuroradiological data in the diagnosis is stressed.
  • [MeSH-major] Cauda Equina. Cerebral Ventricle Neoplasms / pathology. Lateral Ventricles. Oligodendroglioma / secondary. Peripheral Nervous System Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 16023538.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-8467
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Neurol Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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10. Yang SH, Kim MK, Lee TK, Lee KS, Jeun SS, Park CK, Kang JK, Kim MC, Hong YK: Temozolomide chemotherapy in patients with recurrent malignant gliomas. J Korean Med Sci; 2006 Aug;21(4):739-44
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  • Numerous studies have demonstrated the clinical activity of temozolomide, a second-generation alkylating agent, against malignant brain tumors, however, its activity has not been reported in an Asian population.
  • Sixteen patients had glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), six with anaplastic astrocytoma, and three with anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Glioma / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Oral. Adolescent. Adult. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / therapeutic use. Brain / drug effects. Brain / pathology. Combined Modality Therapy. Drug Administration Schedule. Drug-Induced Liver Injury. Female. Humans. Leukopenia / chemically induced. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Nausea / chemically induced. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome. Vomiting / chemically induced

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  • (PMID = 16891823.001).
  • [ISSN] 1011-8934
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Korean Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2729901
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11. Van den Bent MJ, Reni M, Gatta G, Vecht C: Oligodendroglioma. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol; 2008 Jun;66(3):262-72
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  • [Title] Oligodendroglioma.
  • Postoperative radiotherapy is indicated for large, unresectable, or incompletely resected tumors; focal deficits; anaplastic tumors; or enhancing lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms. Oligodendroglioma

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  • (PMID = 18272388.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8428
  • [Journal-full-title] Critical reviews in oncology/hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Crit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Number-of-references] 77
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12. Ide T, Miyoshi N, Ochiai K, Yasuda N: Oligoastrocytoma of the brain in a hooded crane (Grus monacha). Vet Pathol; 2009 Mar;46(2):309-12
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  • [Title] Oligoastrocytoma of the brain in a hooded crane (Grus monacha).
  • On histologic examination, the tumor was mainly composed of 2 discrete components that resembled oligodendroglioma and astrocytoma.
  • Both components had anaplastic changes, such as pleomorphism, high proliferative activity, microvascular proliferation, and necrosis.

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  • (PMID = 19261644.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9858
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Hartmann C, von Deimling A: Molecular pathology of oligodendroglial tumors. Recent Results Cancer Res; 2009;171:25-49
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  • The term oligodendroglioma was created by Bailey, Cushing, and Bucy based on the observation that these tumors share morphological similarities with oligodendrocytes (Bailey and Cushing 1926; Bailey and Bucy 1929).
  • According to the WHO classification of brain tumors, oligodendroglial tumors are separated into oligodendrogliomas WHO grade II (OII), anaplastic oligodendrogliomas WHO grade III (OIII), oligoastrocytomas WHO grade II (OAII), anaplastic oligoastrocytomas WHO grade III (OAIII), and glioblastomas with oligodendroglioma component WHO grade IV (GBMo) (Louis et al. 2007).The perception of oligodendroglial tumors has changed in recent years.
  • The diagnosis of oligodendroglioma or oligoastrocytomas is made much more frequently than 10 years ago.
  • This review focuses on recent developments with impact on the diagnosis and understanding of molecular mechanisms in oligodendroglial tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19322536.001).
  • [ISSN] 0080-0015
  • [Journal-full-title] Recent results in cancer research. Fortschritte der Krebsforschung. Progrès dans les recherches sur le cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Recent Results Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; EC 2.1.1.- / DNA Modification Methylases; EC 2.1.1.63 / MGMT protein, human; EC 6.5.1.- / DNA Repair Enzymes
  • [Number-of-references] 172
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14. Kocher M, Kunze S, Eich HT, Semrau R, Müller RP: Efficacy and toxicity of postoperative temozolomide radiochemotherapy in malignant glioma. Strahlenther Onkol; 2005 Mar;181(3):157-63
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  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 11/1999 to 03/2003, n = 81 patients aged 15-72 years (median 52 years, Karnofsky score 80-100% in 83%) suffering from primary glioblastoma (n = 47), anaplastic astrocytoma (n = 6), anaplastic oligodendroglioma (n = 16), and recurrent glioma (n = 12) were treated.
  • In oligodendroglioma patients, a 4-year survival rate of 78% was observed.
  • The combined schedule is effective in oligodendroglioma patients and may prolong survival in glioblastoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Glioma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15756519.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-7158
  • [Journal-full-title] Strahlentherapie und Onkologie : Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et al]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Strahlenther Onkol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide
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15. van den Bent MJ: Anaplastic oligodendroglioma and oligoastrocytoma. Neurol Clin; 2007 Nov;25(4):1089-109, ix-x
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  • [Title] Anaplastic oligodendroglioma and oligoastrocytoma.
  • Until approximately 15 years ago, the diagnosis of an oligodendroglioma (OD) was merely as a pathologic entity.
  • The only clinical relevant meaning of this histologic diagnosis was the observation that the prognosis of OD was in general better than that of astrocytic tumors of similar grade.
  • Observations have led to the current tendency to consider 1p/19q loss low-grade and anaplastic oligodendroglioma a separate biologic entity, at least within clinical trials, since they have a much better outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology


16. Hyder DJ, Sung L, Pollack IF, Gilles FH, Yates AJ, Davis RL, Boyett JM, Finlay JL: Anaplastic mixed gliomas and anaplastic oligodendroglioma in children: results from the CCG 945 experience. J Neurooncol; 2007 May;83(1):1-8
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  • [Title] Anaplastic mixed gliomas and anaplastic oligodendroglioma in children: results from the CCG 945 experience.
  • PURPOSE: To review interpathologist diagnosis variability and survival of children treated for either anaplastic mixed glioma (AMG) or anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO) with surgery, irradiation and chemotherapy.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and fifty patients with an institutional diagnosis of malignant glioma were enrolled on Children's Cancer Group CCG-945 between 1985 and 1991, and administered vincristine during involved field radiotherapy, then six cycles of prednisone, lomustine and, vincristine; or two cycles of "eight-drugs-in-one-day" (8-in-1) chemotherapy then involved-field radiotherapy followed by six cycles of 8-in-1 chemotherapy.
  • However, central review established that only nine of 26 children had AMG: either mixed oligoastrocytoma (MOA) or anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytoma (AOA) and only one had AO.
  • CONCLUSION: Diagnosis of these tumors is challenging, with only 35% of institutional diagnoses confirmed for AMG and 25% for AO, and survival among children with these tumors is poor, despite intensive therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / diagnosis. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / therapy. Glioma / diagnosis. Glioma / therapy. Oligodendroglioma / diagnosis. Oligodendroglioma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Astrocytoma / diagnosis. Astrocytoma / therapy. Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Brain Neoplasms / therapy. Child. Child, Preschool. Cohort Studies. Drug Therapy. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Neurosurgical Procedures. Radiotherapy. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / diagnosis. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / therapy. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 17252186.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Michotte A, Chaskis C, Sadones J, Veld PI, Neyns B: Primary leptomeningeal anaplastic oligodendroglioma with a 1p36-19q13 deletion: report of a unique case successfully treated with Temozolomide. J Neurol Sci; 2009 Dec 15;287(1-2):267-70
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  • [Title] Primary leptomeningeal anaplastic oligodendroglioma with a 1p36-19q13 deletion: report of a unique case successfully treated with Temozolomide.
  • Primary leptomeningeal oligodendroglioma occurs very rarely and in only one patient a deletion of chromosome 1p has been reported.
  • Brain MRI showed a diffuse right parieto-occipital subarachnoid enhancing lesion without intra-axial extension.
  • The diagnosis of an anaplastic oligodendroglioma (WHO grade 3) was made on pathological examination.
  • To our knowledge this is the first report of a patient with a primary leptomeningeal anaplastic oligodendroglioma with diffuse spinal seeding bearing a 1p36/19q13 deletion.
  • [MeSH-major] Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Meningeal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Meningeal Neoplasms / genetics. Mutation / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy. Oligodendroglioma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / administration & dosage. Arachnoid / pathology. Brain / pathology. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 / genetics. DNA Mutational Analysis. Gene Deletion. Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics. Genotype. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Meningeal Carcinomatosis / drug therapy. Meningeal Carcinomatosis / genetics. Meningeal Carcinomatosis / pathology. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis / drug therapy. Neoplasm Metastasis / genetics. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Pia Mater / pathology. Radiotherapy / methods. Spinal Cord / pathology. Subarachnoid Space / pathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19751941.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-5883
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the neurological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide
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18. Derlon JM, Cabal P, Blaizot X, Borha A, Chapon F: [Metabolic imaging for supratentorial oligodendrogliomas]. Neurochirurgie; 2005 Sep;51(3-4 Pt 2):309-22
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  • PET/MET allows differentiation between grade II and grade III oligodendrogliomas; better targeting for stereotactic biopsy; more accurate assessment of the post-operative residual tumor; identification of progression from low-grade to anaplastic grade during the disease course; differentiation between recurrence and a post-radiation processes.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain. Oligodendroglioma / metabolism. Positron-Emission Tomography. Supratentorial Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16292175.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3770
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-Chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurochirurgie
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amino Acids; 0 / Radioactive Tracers; AE28F7PNPL / Methionine; BN630929UL / methionine methyl ester; IY9XDZ35W2 / Glucose
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19. Roessler K, Gatterbauer B, Becherer A, Paul M, Kletter K, Prayer D, Hoeftberger R, Hainfellner J, Asenbaum S, Knosp E: Surgical target selection in cerebral glioma surgery: linking methionine (MET) PET image fusion and neuronavigation. Minim Invasive Neurosurg; 2007 Oct;50(5):273-80
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  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the histological correlate of (11)C-methionine (MET) PET uptake of brain gliomas by image fusion for navigated surgery.
  • CONCLUSION: MET PET image fusion may facilitate the targeting of anaplastic foci in homogeneous MRI non-enhancing gliomas for biopsy, may identify oligodendroglial histology preoperatively as well as characterize biologically active tumor volumes within MRI T(1)/FLAIR tumor areas of candidate patients for resection.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Glioma / radionuclide imaging. Glioma / surgery. Neuronavigation / methods. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carbon Radioisotopes. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Male. Methionine / metabolism. Middle Aged. Oligodendroglioma / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / radionuclide imaging. Oligodendroglioma / surgery. Predictive Value of Tests. Preoperative Care / instrumentation. Preoperative Care / methods. Sensitivity and Specificity


21. Tena-Suck ML, Moreno-Jiménez S, Alonso M, Aguirre-Crux L, Sánchez A: Oligodendrogliomas in relation to astrocytes differentiation. Clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2008 Oct;12(5):313-21
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  • Oligodendroglioma usually arise in adults and rarely in children.
  • The objective of the current study was to evaluate the immunoexpression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and heat shock proteins (HSP70), endothelial vascular growth factor (EVGF), and endothilial vascular growth factor receptor type II (EFGF-R) expression in relation to the proliferation labeling index (proliferating cell nuclear antigen [PCNA]) and vascular density in patients with oligodendroglioma.
  • We studied 28 cases of oligodendrogliomas--20 (71.4%) were oliodendrogliomas (grade II), and 8 (28.6%) cases were anaplastic oligodendroglioma (grade II according to World Health Organization classification).
  • We found a higher PGAF, HSP70, EVGF, and EFGF-R expression in relation with the PCNA and vascular density (CD34) in patients with oligodendroglioma grade III than in oligodendroglioma grade II.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytes / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18774492.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins; 0 / Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
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22. Xiong J, Liu Y, Li C, Zhu JJ, Ye ZR, Mao Y, Wang Y: [Loss of heterozygosity of chromosome 1p/19q and p53 protein expression in oligodendroglioma]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Jul;38(7):445-50
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  • [Title] [Loss of heterozygosity of chromosome 1p/19q and p53 protein expression in oligodendroglioma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the status of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of chromosome 1p/19q and p53 protein expression in oligodendroglioma, as compared to astrocytoma.
  • METHODS: One hundred and ninety-one cases of glioma of different histologic types and grades, including 116 cases of low-grade of oligodendroglioma (86 paraffin-embedded and 30 fresh tissues), 45 cases of anaplastic oligodendroglioma (all paraffin-embedded tissues) and 30 cases of astrocytoma of various grades (all paraffin-embedded tissues), were enrolled into the study.
  • RESULTS: The rates of 1p loss, 19q loss and 1p/19q loss were 69.8%, 64%, and 57.0% respectively in the 86 paraffin-embedded low-grade oligodendroglioma samples, as compared to 71.1%, 60.0% and 55.6% respectively in the 45 paraffin-embedded anaplastic oligodendroglioma samples.
  • There was no difference of LOH of 1p/19q between low-grade oligodendroglioma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma (P>0.05).
  • In the 30 cases of low-grade oligodendroglioma with fresh tissues available, the rates of 1p loss, 19q loss and 1p/19q loss were 70.0%, 63.3% and 60.0% respectively.
  • In the 30 cases of astrocytoma, the rates of 1p loss, 19q loss and 1p/19q loss were 23.3%, 33.3% and 20.0% respectively, which were significantly less than those in oligodendroglioma (P<0.05).
  • The expression of p53 protein was significantly lower in low-grade oligodendroglioma (8.1%) than in anaplastic oligodendroglioma (31.1%, P=0.007).
  • The expression of p53 protein in oligodendroglioma was also lower than in astrocytoma (P=0.001).
  • Furthermore, p53 protein expression negatively correlated with 1p/19q loss in anaplastic oligodendroglioma (P<0.05).
  • Oligodendroglioma demonstrates a higher frequency of LOH of chromosome 1p/19q and lower expression of p53 protein than astrocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19. Loss of Heterozygosity. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19781190.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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23. Shinoura N, Yamada R, Tabei Y, Saito K, Nakamura O, Takahashi M: [Temozolomide: Temodal]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2008 Mar;35(3):543-7
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  • Pharmacokinetic studies have documented relatively high concentrations of TMZ in brain tumors and cerebrospinal fluid (20-40% of the area under the plasma concentration curve), and other studies have demonstrated that TMZ is effective for treatment of various brain tumors, including recurrent and newly diagnosed glioma, primary CNS lymphoma, metastatic melanoma, and neuroblastoma.
  • Molecular markers that predict a favorable response to TMZ plus concomitant radiotherapy include methylguanine methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation patients with GBM and chromosome 1p/19q deletion in patients with anaplastic oligodendroglioma or low-grade glioma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Clinical Trials as Topic. Glioblastoma / drug therapy. Glioblastoma / pathology. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male

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  • (PMID = 18347414.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide
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24. Intergroup Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Trial 9402, Cairncross G, Berkey B, Shaw E, Jenkins R, Scheithauer B, Brachman D, Buckner J, Fink K, Souhami L, Laperierre N, Mehta M, Curran W: Phase III trial of chemotherapy plus radiotherapy compared with radiotherapy alone for pure and mixed anaplastic oligodendroglioma: Intergroup Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Trial 9402. J Clin Oncol; 2006 Jun 20;24(18):2707-14
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  • [Title] Phase III trial of chemotherapy plus radiotherapy compared with radiotherapy alone for pure and mixed anaplastic oligodendroglioma: Intergroup Radiation Therapy Oncology Group Trial 9402.
  • PURPOSE: Anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO) and anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (AOA) are treated with surgery and radiotherapy (RT) at diagnosis, but they also respond to procarbazine, lomustine, and vincristine (PCV), raising the possibility that early chemotherapy will improve survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy. Oligodendroglioma / radiotherapy


25. Kojima H, Mori K, Fukudome N, Iseki M, Shimizu S: Cytologic characteristics of intracytoplasmic refractile eosinophilic granular bodies in anaplastic oligodendroglioma: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2008 Jul-Aug;52(4):467-70
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  • [Title] Cytologic characteristics of intracytoplasmic refractile eosinophilic granular bodies in anaplastic oligodendroglioma: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Oligodendrogliomas, which have a relatively better prognosis than tumors of the astrocytic lineage, have few morphologic clues for diagnosis.
  • CASE: To address this problem, eosinophilic refractile inclusions were examined cytologically in the tumor of a 59-year-old man, using surgical materials for rapid diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cytoplasmic Granules / pathology. Eosinophils / pathology. Inclusion Bodies / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Occipital Lobe / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology


26. Gan HK, Rosenthal MA, Dowling A, Kalnins R, Algar E, Wong N, Benson A, Woods AM, Cher L: A phase II trial of primary temozolomide in patients with grade III oligodendroglial brain tumors. Neuro Oncol; 2010 May;12(5):500-7
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  • [Title] A phase II trial of primary temozolomide in patients with grade III oligodendroglial brain tumors.
  • Forty newly diagnosed patients (11 anaplastic oligodendrogliomas [OD] and 29 anaplastic oligoastrocytomas [OA]) were enrolled into this multicenter, open-label, single-arm Phase II trial of first-line temozolomide (200 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 every 4 weeks for 6 cycles).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 20406900.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-5866
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuro-oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide; EC 2.1.1.- / DNA Modification Methylases; EC 2.1.1.63 / MGMT protein, human; EC 6.5.1.- / DNA Repair Enzymes
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2940620
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27. Schittenhelm J, Erdmann T, Maennlin S, Will BE, Beschorner R, Bornemann A, Meyermann R, Mittelbronn M: Gliosarcoma with chondroid and osseous differentiation. Neuropathology; 2007 Feb;27(1):90-4
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  • Neuroradiological examinations revealed a large left temporo-occipital cystic and calcified tumor mass measuring 6 cm in diameter, which was suspicious for an oligodendroglioma or a choroid plexus carcinoma.
  • The tumor demonstrated a biphasic pattern consisting of focal anaplastic glial components with vascular proliferation and necrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Calcinosis / pathology. Cartilage / pathology. Gliosarcoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17319288.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-6544
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
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28. Trost D, Ehrler M, Fimmers R, Felsberg J, Sabel MC, Kirsch L, Schramm J, Wiestler OD, Reifenberger G, Weber RG: Identification of genomic aberrations associated with shorter overall survival in patients with oligodendroglial tumors. Int J Cancer; 2007 Jun 1;120(11):2368-76
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  • Multivariate analyses showed the most significant prognostic factors for OS of patients with any oligodendroglial tumor to be WHO grade [odds ratio (OR) 8], 7p gain (OR 6), 9p loss (OR 3); for OS of patients with anaplastic tumors to be 7p gain (OR 10), 8q gain (OR 5), 18q loss (OR 3).
  • Patients with anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors containing one or more prognostically unfavorable genomic aberration had a poor outcome independent of the 1p/19q status.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Chromosome Aberrations. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17285580.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Mut M, Güler-Tezel G, Lopes MB, Bilginer B, Ziyal I, Ozcan OE: Challenging diagnosis: oligodendroglioma versus extraventricular neurocytoma. Clin Neuropathol; 2005 Sep-Oct;24(5):225-9
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  • [Title] Challenging diagnosis: oligodendroglioma versus extraventricular neurocytoma.
  • Diagnosis of oligodendroglioma from other clear cell neoplasms of central nervous system (CNS) is still challenging despite advances in neuroradiology and molecular diagnostic tools.
  • Herein, we present a 44-year-old male patient who had a diagnosis of right parietal oligodendroglioma grade II in 1994 which recurred in 2002.
  • Histopathological examination of the recurrent tumor showed anaplastic progression with confusing immunohistochemical (IHC) results; the tumor was positive for NeuN and synaptophysin staining.
  • The question arisen was whether the recurrent tumor was an oligodendroglioma with neuronal differentiation or an extraventricular neurocytoma initially misdiagnosed as oligodendroglioma.
  • Chromosomal analysis revealed 1p/19q deletion, which led to the diagnosis ofanaplastic oligodendroglioma grade III.
  • Accurate diagnosis of oligodendroglioma is crucial due to recent advances and promises in its treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neurocytoma / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chromosome Deletion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 / genetics. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Nerve Tissue Proteins / biosynthesis. Synaptophysin / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 16167546.001).
  • [ISSN] 0722-5091
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Neuropathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Synaptophysin
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30. Barbashina V, Salazar P, Holland EC, Rosenblum MK, Ladanyi M: Allelic losses at 1p36 and 19q13 in gliomas: correlation with histologic classification, definition of a 150-kb minimal deleted region on 1p36, and evaluation of CAMTA1 as a candidate tumor suppressor gene. Clin Cancer Res; 2005 Feb 1;11(3):1119-28
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  • The latter group included both low-grade tumors (oligodendroglioma, diffuse astrocytoma, and "oligoastrocytoma") and high-grade tumors (anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, anaplastic astrocytomas, anaplastic oligoastrocytomas).
  • There was no significant difference in 1p/19q LOH status between low-grade and anaplastic oligodendrogliomas.
  • CAMTA1 is normally expressed predominantly in non-neoplastic adult brain tissue.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our data confirm the strong association of combined 1p/19q loss with classic oligodendroglioma histology and identify a very small segment of 1p36 located within CAMTA1 that was deleted in all oligodendroglial tumors with 1p LOH.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 / genetics. Glioma / genetics. Loss of Heterozygosity
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Astrocytoma / genetics. Astrocytoma / pathology. Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics. Chromosome Deletion. Chromosome Mapping. Expressed Sequence Tags. Gene Expression Profiling. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Humans. Microsatellite Repeats. Mutation. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / pathology. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Trans-Activators / genetics

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  • (PMID = 15709179.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CAMTA1 protein, human; 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Trans-Activators
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31. Wick W, Weller M: [Anaplastic glioma. Neuropathology, molecular diagnostics and current study concepts]. Nervenarzt; 2010 Aug;81(8):928-30, 932-5
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  • [Title] [Anaplastic glioma. Neuropathology, molecular diagnostics and current study concepts].
  • According to the current WHO classification anaplastic gliomas comprise pure astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas and mixed tumors.
  • This review summarizes findings, discusses problems and defines new questions from the phase III trials on anaplastic gliomas.
  • Therefore, marker profiles should be included into the next WHO brain tumor classification.
  • The current standard of care for first-line treatment in anaplastic gliomas is radiotherapy or chemotherapy.
  • Furthermore, anaplastic gliomas are an important group of brain tumors for developing future molecular targeted therapies and should therefore be in the main focus of academic and industrial drug development, which aims at improved efficacy and avoiding long-term side-effects.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / therapeutic use. Brain / pathology. Chromosome Deletion. Clinical Trials as Topic. Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic. Combined Modality Therapy. Cranial Irradiation. DNA Modification Methylases / genetics. DNA Mutational Analysis. DNA Repair Enzymes / genetics. Disease-Free Survival. Humans. Isocitrate Dehydrogenase / genetics. Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics. Survival Rate. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20635074.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0407
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Nervenarzt
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nervenarzt
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; EC 1.1.1.41 / Isocitrate Dehydrogenase; EC 1.1.1.42. / IDH1 protein, human; EC 2.1.1.- / DNA Modification Methylases; EC 2.1.1.63 / MGMT protein, human; EC 6.5.1.- / DNA Repair Enzymes
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32. Tanriover N, Ulu MO, Sar M, Uzan M: Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma: previous treatment as a possible cause in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Childs Nerv Syst; 2007 Apr;23(4):469-73
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  • [Title] Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma: previous treatment as a possible cause in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • INTRODUCTION: The authors present a 14-year-old patient who developed an anaplastic oligoastrocytoma of the left parietal lobe 9 years after a successful treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • He had a history of induction chemotherapy, intrathecal methotrexate and prophylactic whole brain irradiation (1,800 cGy in 10 fractions over 2 weeks).
  • DISCUSSION: Radiation-induced neoplasia is suggested to be the late complication of ALL treatment, and evaluation of large clinical series revealed a relationship between young age at ALL diagnosis (<6 years) and increased high-grade glioma occurrence risk.
  • CONCLUSION: The authors have reviewed previously reported cases of secondary central nervous system malignancies focusing on age at ALL diagnosis, and they think that synergistic action of therapeutic modalities could have played a role in the oncogenetic process.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / etiology. Oligodendroglioma / etiology. Radiotherapy / adverse effects


33. Iwamoto FM, Reiner AS, Nayak L, Panageas KS, Elkin EB, Abrey LE: Prognosis and patterns of care in elderly patients with glioma. Cancer; 2009 Dec 1;115(23):5534-40
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  • BACKGROUND: The current study was conducted to evaluate the patterns of care and survival of older adults with oligodendroglioma (OLI) and astrocytoma (AST) from a large population-based registry.
  • Patients with a diagnosis of glioblastoma were excluded.
  • The impact of demographic characteristics and comorbidities on the probability of undergoing surgical resection, radiotherapy (RT), and chemotherapy within 6 months of diagnosis was assessed using multivariate logistic regression.
  • RESULTS: A total of 1067 patients (891 with AST and 176 with OLI) were included; the median survival was 9 months for patients with low-grade AST, 4 months for patients with anaplastic AST, 57 months for patients with low-grade OLI, and 9 months for patients with anaplastic OLI.
  • Approximately 54% of patients underwent resection at the time of diagnosis; 66% received RT, and 13% received chemotherapy within 6 months of diagnosis.
  • Patients with anaplastic tumors were treated with resection, RT, and chemotherapy more often than patients with low-grade tumors, and OLI patients received chemotherapy more frequently than AST.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Data from the current study suggested that histologic diagnosis and tumor grade retained significant prognostic value in this elderly AST and OLI population.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / therapy. Brain Neoplasms / therapy. Oligodendroglioma / therapy

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 American Cancer Society.
  • (PMID = 19708033.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Kanamori M, Kumabe T, Watanabe M, Tominaga T: Anaplastic astrocytoma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma occurring 6 years after subtotal resection of a central neurocytoma. Case report. J Neurosurg; 2007 Jul;107(1):185-9
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  • [Title] Anaplastic astrocytoma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma occurring 6 years after subtotal resection of a central neurocytoma. Case report.
  • The authors present the case of a 51-year-old man who presented with an anaplastic astrocytoma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma that developed 6 years after subtotal resection of a central neurocytoma in his right lateral ventricle.
  • Histological examination revealed anaplastic oligodendroglioma in the parietal lobe and anaplastic astrocytoma in the insula.
  • One year later, the anaplastic astrocytoma was found to have transformed into a glioblastoma multiforme.
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis and immunohistochemical examinations detected deletions of the lp36 and 19q13 loci, and nuclear accumulation of TP53 protein in the anaplastic oligodendroglioma but not in the glioblastoma multiforme.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neurocytoma / surgery. Oligodendroglioma / pathology


35. Bussière M, Hopman W, Day A, Pombo AP, Neves T, Espinosa F: Indicators of functional status for primary malignant brain tumour patients. Can J Neurol Sci; 2005 Feb;32(1):50-6
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  • [Title] Indicators of functional status for primary malignant brain tumour patients.
  • Patients were grouped according to histopathological diagnosis.
  • One hundred and seven patients had a histopathological diagnosis of glioblastoma multiforme, 23 of anaplastic astrocytoma and 13 of anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • The anaplastic oligodendroglioma group had lower mortality and maintained better KPS scores over time, as did patients receiving full treatment.
  • The most significant factors associated with time until death included age, severity of comorbidities, pretreatment KPS, presence of confusion, histopathological diagnosis and type of treatment received.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / physiopathology. Brain Neoplasms / therapy. Glioma / physiopathology. Glioma / therapy. Karnofsky Performance Status

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  • (PMID = 15825546.001).
  • [ISSN] 0317-1671
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of neurological sciences. Le journal canadien des sciences neurologiques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Neurol Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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36. Guzman G, Oh S, Shukla D, Engelhard HH, Valyi-Nagy T: Expression of entry receptor nectin-1 of herpes simplex virus 1 and/or herpes simplex virus 2 in normal and neoplastic human nervous system tissues. Acta Virol; 2006;50(1):59-66
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  • Herpes simplex virus 1 and/or Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV) are important pathogens of human nervous system (NS) and genetically modified HSV strains have been proposed as vectors for gene therapy targeting the brain and brain tumors.
  • The expression pattern of nectin-1 in normal human NS and brain tumors is not well understood.
  • To better understand the nectin-1 expression in normal and neoplastic human NS, immunohistochemistry was used to detect the nectin-1 expression in sections of normal human brain, spinal cord and trigeminal and dorsal root ganglia (n=10) and in sections of primary NS neoplasms (n=22).
  • Oligodendroglioma, ependymoma, pilocytic astrocytoma, pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, diffuse astrocytoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma multiforme and meningothelial meningioma showed weak focal nectin-1-positivity.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / chemistry. Cell Adhesion Molecules / analysis. Genetic Therapy. Nervous System / chemistry. Neurons / chemistry. Simplexvirus / genetics


37. Sherman JH, Prevedello DM, Shah L, Raghavan P, Pouratian N, Starke RM, Lopes MB, Shaffrey ME, Schiff D: MR imaging characteristics of oligodendroglial tumors with assessment of 1p/19q deletion status. Acta Neurochir (Wien); 2010 Nov;152(11):1827-34
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  • PURPOSE: Patients with oligodendrogliomas with allelic loss of chromosomal arm 1p and 19q have been shown, especially with anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, to have both a better initial and long-term response to chemotherapy as well as an improved overall survival.
  • Effective treatment of patients with brain tumors requires accurate diagnostic techniques.
  • Age at diagnosis, gender, tumor grade, chromosomal deletion status, duration of follow-up, and MR imaging characteristics were analyzed; the latter was read by a blinded neuroradiologist.
  • While imaging will never replace definitive tissue diagnosis, imaging characteristics such as tumor size, location, and overlying skull thinning can assist clinicians in assessing patients with oligodendroglial tumors prior to surgical or medical intervention.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 / genetics. Gene Deletion. Genetic Predisposition to Disease / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / pathology


38. Belda-Iniesta C, de Castro Carpeño J, Casado Sáenz E, Cejas Guerrero P, Perona R, González Barón M: Molecular biology of malignant gliomas. Clin Transl Oncol; 2006 Sep;8(9):635-41
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  • Gliomas are the most common primary brain tumours.
  • For example, gliomas of astrocytic origin (astrocytomas) are classified into pilocytic astrocytoma (grade I), astrocytoma (grade II), anaplastic astrocytoma (grade III) and glioblastoma multiforme (GMB) (grade IV).
  • In this regard, a patient diagnosed with an oligodendroglioma totally removed has 10-15 years of potential survival.
  • On the opposite site, patients carrying a glioblastoma multiforme usually die within the first year after the diagnosis is made.

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  • (PMID = 17005465.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Transl Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 36
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39. Koeller KK, Rushing EJ: From the archives of the AFIP: Oligodendroglioma and its variants: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics; 2005 Nov-Dec;25(6):1669-88
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  • [Title] From the archives of the AFIP: Oligodendroglioma and its variants: radiologic-pathologic correlation.
  • Oligodendroglioma is the third most common glial neoplasm and most commonly arises in the frontal lobe.
  • Current histopathologic classification schemes recognize two main types of tumors: well-differentiated oligodendroglioma and its anaplastic variant.
  • Less commonly, neoplastic mixtures of both oligodendroglial and astrocytic components occur and are termed oligoastrocytomas, with both well-differentiated and anaplastic forms.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Oligodendroglioma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16284142.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1323
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiographics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 140
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40. Figarella-Branger D, Bouvier C: [Histological classification of human gliomas: state of art and controversies]. Bull Cancer; 2005 Apr;92(4):301-9
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  • In particular this classification does not take into account the intrinsic morphological heterogeneity of infiltrative gliomas and does not discriminate the tumour cells from the residual brain parenchyma.
  • According to the WHO classification, infiltrative gliomas encompass astrocytic gliomas (diffuse astrocytomas grade II, anaplastic astrocytomas grade III and glioblastomas grade IV), oligodendroglial tumours (oligodendrogliomas grade II, anaplastic oligodendrogliomas grade III) and mixed gliomas (oligoastrocytomas grade II and anaplastic oligoastrocytomas grade III).
  • Three distinct tumour growth patterns may be seen in gliomas, type I: tumor tissue only, type II: tumour tissue and isolated tumor cells permeating the brain parenchyma (ITC) and type III: ITCs only and no tumor tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Glioma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Astrocytoma / pathology. Humans. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / classification. Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology. Reproducibility of Results. World Health Organization

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  • (PMID = 15888386.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-6917
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin du cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Cancer
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] France
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41. Nakamura M, Shimada K, Nakase H, Konishi N: [Clinicopathological diagnosis of gliomas by genotype analysis]. Brain Nerve; 2009 Jul;61(7):773-80
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  • [Title] [Clinicopathological diagnosis of gliomas by genotype analysis].
  • Oligodendroglioma is recognized as a particular subtype of gliomas that shows remarkable response to chemotherapy [procarbazine+CCNU+vincristine (PCV)], making their correct diagnosis important.
  • Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosomes 1p and 19q is correlated with sensitivity to PCV chemotherapy with increased survival in anaplastic oligodendroglioma cases (WHO grade III).
  • This article suggests that more biological and molecular approaches to brain tumor classification will provide improved means to treat these tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Genotype. Glioblastoma / diagnosis. Glioblastoma / genetics. Molecular Diagnostic Techniques
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 / genetics. DNA Modification Methylases / genetics. DNA Repair Enzymes / genetics. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Humans. Lomustine / administration & dosage. Loss of Heterozygosity. Pharmacogenetics. Procarbazine / administration & dosage. Prognosis. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics. Vincristine / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 19618854.001).
  • [ISSN] 1881-6096
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain and nerve = Shinkei kenkyū no shinpo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Nerve
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 35S93Y190K / Procarbazine; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7BRF0Z81KG / Lomustine; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide; EC 2.1.1.- / DNA Modification Methylases; EC 2.1.1.63 / MGMT protein, human; EC 6.5.1.- / DNA Repair Enzymes; PCV protocol
  • [Number-of-references] 42
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42. Perry J, Chambers A, Spithoff K, Laperriere N: Gliadel wafers in the treatment of malignant glioma: a systematic review. Curr Oncol; 2007 Oct;14(5):189-94
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  • QUESTION: What is the safety and efficacy of interstitial chemotherapy with carmustine-loaded polymers (Gliadel wafers: MGI Pharma, Bloomington, MN, U.S.A.) in the treatment of newly diagnosed or recurrent malignant glioma (that is, glioblastoma multiforme, anaplastic astrocytoma, anaplastic oligoastrocytoma, and anaplastic oligodendroglioma)?
  • PERSPECTIVES: Malignant glioma is the most common type of primary brain tumour in adults.
  • The most frequently reported adverse events were convulsions, confusion, brain edema, infection, hemiparesis, aphasia, and visual field defects.

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  • (PMID = 17938702.001).
  • [ISSN] 1198-0052
  • [Journal-full-title] Current oncology (Toronto, Ont.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2002480
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Gliadel / carmustine / glioblastoma / interstitial chemotherapy / malignant glioma / systematic review
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43. Ichimura K, Pearson DM, Kocialkowski S, Bäcklund LM, Chan R, Jones DT, Collins VP: IDH1 mutations are present in the majority of common adult gliomas but rare in primary glioblastomas. Neuro Oncol; 2009 Aug;11(4):341-7
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  • The data indicate that IDH1 mutation combined with either TP53 mutation or total 1p/19q loss is a frequent and early change in the majority of oligodendroglial tumors, diffuse astrocytomas, anaplastic astrocytomas, and secondary glioblastomas but not in primary glioblastomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Glioblastoma / genetics. Isocitrate Dehydrogenase / genetics. Mutation / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19435942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1522-8517
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuro-oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / A6618
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / TP53 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 1.1.1.41 / Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2743214; NLM/ UKMS28703
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44. Balmaceda C, Peereboom D, Pannullo S, Cheung YK, Fisher PG, Alavi J, Sisti M, Chen J, Fine RL: Multi-institutional phase II study of temozolomide administered twice daily in the treatment of recurrent high-grade gliomas. Cancer; 2008 Mar 1;112(5):1139-46
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  • METHODS: This multi-institutional trial enrolled 120 patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), or anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / administration & dosage. Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Glioma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18246536.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide
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45. Glanz C, Rebetz J, Stewénius Y, Persson A, Englund E, Mandahl N, Mertens F, Salford LG, Widegren B, Fan X, Gisselsson D: Genetic intratumour heterogeneity in high-grade brain tumours is associated with telomere-dependent mitotic instability. Neuropathol Appl Neurobiol; 2007 Aug;33(4):440-54
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  • [Title] Genetic intratumour heterogeneity in high-grade brain tumours is associated with telomere-dependent mitotic instability.
  • Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and other high-grade brain tumours are typically characterized by complex chromosome abnormalities and extensive intratumour cytogenetic heterogeneity.
  • In this study, we analysed the pattern of chromosome segregation at mitosis in 20 brain tumours.
  • Anaphase bridging was also found in two medulloblastomas (7-15%), one anaplastic astrocytoma (17%) and one oligodendroglioma (6%).
  • In contrast, cell division abnormalities were not found in low-grade brain tumours with less complex karyotypes, including two pilocytic astrocytomas and two ependymomas.
  • Telomere-dependent abnormal segregation of chromosomes at mitosis is thus a common phenomenon in high-grade brain tumours and may be one important factor behind cytogenetic intratumour diversity in GBM.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Spindle Apparatus / pathology. Telomere / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17617873.001).
  • [ISSN] 0305-1846
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropathology and applied neurobiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropathol. Appl. Neurobiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.7.49 / Telomerase
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46. Gresner SM, Rieske P, Wozniak K, Piaskowski S, Jaskolski DJ, Skowronski W, Golanska E, Sikorska B, Liberski PP: Molecular analysis of chromosome 1, 10 and 19 abnormalities in human oligodendroglial tumors: relationship between frequency of LOH grade, age and gender. Clin Neuropathol; 2006 Jan-Feb;25(1):18-24
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  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 14 patients with oligodendroglial tumors (10 low-grade and 4 anaplastic oligodendroglioma) to evaluate the frequency of LOH on 1p, 10q and 19q and correlate it with tumor grade and patients' age and gender; 5 loci on 1p and 5 on 19q as well as 4 on 10q were analyzed for LOH using PCR techniques.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Chromosome Aberrations. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16465770.001).
  • [ISSN] 0722-5091
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Neuropathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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47. Ohgaki H, Kleihues P: Population-based studies on incidence, survival rates, and genetic alterations in astrocytic and oligodendroglial gliomas. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol; 2005 Jun;64(6):479-89
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  • While survival rates for pilocytic astrocytomas were excellent (96% at 10 years), the prognosis of diffusely infiltrating gliomas was poorer, with median survival times (MST) of 5.6 years for low-grade astrocytoma WHO grade II, 1.6 years for anaplastic astrocytoma grade III, and 0.4 years for glioblastoma.
  • Primary (de novo) glioblastomas prevailed (95%), while secondary glioblastomas that progressed from low-grade or anaplastic gliomas were rare (5%).
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma. Brain Neoplasms. Loss of Heterozygosity. Oligodendroglioma. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics


48. Peters M, Wohlsein P: Anaplastic oligodendroglioma with meningeal infiltration in a free-ranging red deer (Cervus elaphus). J Comp Pathol; 2008 Jan;138(1):59-62
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  • [Title] Anaplastic oligodendroglioma with meningeal infiltration in a free-ranging red deer (Cervus elaphus).
  • This report describes an anaplastic oligodendroglioma in a red deer, extending from the cerebellum and anterior medulla along the dorsal part of the brain stem to the posterior cerebral hemispheres and infiltrating the meninges.
  • This would appear to be the first report of an oligodendroglioma in a deer.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / veterinary. Deer. Meningeal Neoplasms / veterinary. Oligodendroglioma / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 17983625.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9975
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of comparative pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Comp. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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49. Hata N, Shono T, Mizoguchi M, Matsumoto K, Guan Y, Nagata S, Hayashi K, Iwaki T, Sasaki T: Loss of heterozygosity analysis in an anaplastic oligodendroglioma arising after radiation therapy. Neurol Res; 2007 Oct;29(7):723-6
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  • [Title] Loss of heterozygosity analysis in an anaplastic oligodendroglioma arising after radiation therapy.
  • Here, we report a rare case of anaplastic oligodendroglioma arising after radiation therapy, in which genetic analysis was performed.
  • Total removal of the tumor was performed through left frontoparietal craniotomy, and the histologic diagnosis was anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • CONCLUSION: The anaplastic oligodendroglioma presented in this report showed a more aggressive clinical course than was expected from the genetic analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics. Frontal Lobe / pathology. Loss of Heterozygosity / genetics. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Radiotherapy / adverse effects


50. Park CK, Kim JH, Moon MJ, Jung JH, Lim SY, Park SH, Kim JH, Kim DG, Jung HW, Cho BK, Paek SH: Investigation of molecular factors associated with malignant transformation of oligodendroglioma by proteomic study of a single case of rapid tumor progression. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol; 2008 Feb;134(2):255-62
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  • [Title] Investigation of molecular factors associated with malignant transformation of oligodendroglioma by proteomic study of a single case of rapid tumor progression.
  • PURPOSE: Frozen tumor tissues from a patient who showed rapid progression to anaplastic oligodendroglioma after near total resection of oligodendroglioma were used to examine differential expression of proteins to gain better understanding of the pathogenesis of malignant transformation.
  • RESULTS: Among 23 differentially expressed spots, overexpression of peroxiredoxin 6 and underexpression of rho GDP dissociation inhibitor alpha were confirmed to be valid after western blot and immunocytochemical analysis of oligodendroglioma tissue.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Abnormal expression of peroxiredoxin 6 and rho GDP dissociation inhibitor alpha may be associated with malignant transformation in oligodendroglioma and these proteins might be candidates of molecular predictive factors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Oligodendroglioma / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blotting, Western. Brain Neoplasms / metabolism. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Disease Progression. Electrophoresis, Gel, Two-Dimensional. Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors / metabolism. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Mass Spectrometry. Peroxiredoxin VI / metabolism. Proteomics. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization. rho-Specific Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors

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  • (PMID = 17653765.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1335
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / rho-Specific Guanine Nucleotide Dissociation Inhibitors; EC 1.11.1.15 / PRDX6 protein, human; EC 1.11.1.15 / Peroxiredoxin VI
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51. Xiong J, Liu Y, Wang Y, Ke RH, Mao Y, Ye ZR: Chromosome 1p/19q status combined with expression of p53 protein improves the diagnostic and prognostic evaluation of oligodendrogliomas. Chin Med J (Engl); 2010 Dec;123(24):3566-73
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  • In order to improve the diagnostic criteria and to predict the prognosis of oligodendroglioma patients, the status of chromosome 1p/19q deletion, the methylation of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT), and the expression of p53 protein were evaluated and investigated in relation to patients' outcomes.
  • The expression of p53 protein was more frequently observed in patients without a 1p or 19q deletion in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (P = 0.032, 0.025).
  • CONCLUSION: Detection of chromosome 1p/19q status combined with p53 protein immunohistochemistry might be beneficial to improve the pathological diagnosis and to determine the prognosis of patients with oligodendrogliomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Chromosome Deletion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 22166632.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / TP53 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; EC 2.1.1.- / DNA Modification Methylases; EC 2.1.1.63 / MGMT protein, human; EC 6.5.1.- / DNA Repair Enzymes; Chromosome 1, monosomy 1p
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52. Ramirez C, Bowman C, Maurage CA, Dubois F, Blond S, Porchet N, Escande F: Loss of 1p, 19q, and 10q heterozygosity prospectively predicts prognosis of oligodendroglial tumors--towards individualized tumor treatment? Neuro Oncol; 2010 May;12(5):490-9
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  • Median age at diagnosis was 45.5 years.
  • Pure oligodendroglioma and temozolomide chemotherapy were correlated with better OS.
  • 10q LOH was correlated with anaplastic grade and 1p19q LOH correlated with pure oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / genetics


53. Kros JM, Gorlia T, Kouwenhoven MC, Zheng PP, Collins VP, Figarella-Branger D, Giangaspero F, Giannini C, Mokhtari K, Mørk SJ, Paetau A, Reifenberger G, van den Bent MJ: Panel review of anaplastic oligodendroglioma from European Organization For Research and Treatment of Cancer Trial 26951: assessment of consensus in diagnosis, influence of 1p/19q loss, and correlations with outcome. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol; 2007 Jun;66(6):545-51
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  • [Title] Panel review of anaplastic oligodendroglioma from European Organization For Research and Treatment of Cancer Trial 26951: assessment of consensus in diagnosis, influence of 1p/19q loss, and correlations with outcome.
  • The diagnosis of anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AOD) or anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (AOA) is subject to interobserver variation.
  • The aim of this study was to estimate consensus in typing and grading of these tumors using tumor material collected in a large prospective randomized phase III study and to correlate the consensus diagnosis with the 1p/19q status of the tumors and the clinical outcome.
  • The panel reached consensus on the diagnosis of AOD in 52% of the tumors that had been diagnosed as AOD by the local pathologists, whereas only 8% of the local diagnosis of AOA was confirmed with consensus.
  • The concordance on the panel diagnosis of AOD was high (intraclass correlation = 86%).
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 / genetics. Gene Deletion. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / pathology


54. Katoh Y, Katoh M: Comparative genomics on SOX2 orthologs. Oncol Rep; 2005 Sep;14(3):797-800
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  • SOX2 mRNA was expressed in ES cells, fetal brain, anaplastic oligodendroglioma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and small cell lung carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 16077994.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / HMGB Proteins; 0 / SOX2 protein, human; 0 / SOXB1 Transcription Factors; 0 / Sox2 protein, mouse; 0 / Sox2 protein, rat; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Xenopus Proteins; 0 / sox2 protein, Xenopus
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55. Takeuchi Y, Kanamori M, Kumabe T, Saito R, Sonoda Y, Watanabe M, Tominaga T: Collision tumor of anaplastic oligodendroglioma and gangliocytoma: a case report. Brain Tumor Pathol; 2009;26(2):89-93
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  • [Title] Collision tumor of anaplastic oligodendroglioma and gangliocytoma: a case report.
  • A 53-year-old woman presented with a rare case of coexistence of anaplastic oligodendroglioma with gangliocytoma manifesting as progressive disturbance of consciousness and left hemiparesis.
  • The former consisted of cells with equal-sized round-to-oval hyperchromatic nuclei and perinuclear halo with microvascular proliferation and necrosis, and the diagnosis was anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • The latter consisted of large and dysplastic neurons with marked nucleoli and basophilic cytoplasm containing Nissl bodies, with nonneoplastic glial cells in the stroma, and the diagnosis was gangliocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ganglioneuroma / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Oligodendroglioma / diagnosis. Temporal Lobe / pathology


56. Perry A, Burton SS, Fuller GN, Robinson CA, Palmer CA, Resch L, Bigio EH, Gujrati M, Rosenblum MK: Oligodendroglial neoplasms with ganglioglioma-like maturation: a diagnostic pitfall. Acta Neuropathol; 2010 Aug;120(2):237-52
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  • Herein, we report seven examples where the primary differential diagnosis was a ganglioglioma with an oligodendroglial component.
  • At presentation, the glial component was oligodendroglioma in six and oligoastrocytoma in one; one was low-grade and six were anaplastic.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ganglioglioma / diagnosis. Oligodendroglioma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20464403.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0533
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta neuropathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Neuropathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2892612
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57. Smith SF, Simpson JM, Brewer JA, Sekhon LH, Biggs MT, Cook RJ, Little NS: The presence of necrosis and/or microvascular proliferation does not influence survival of patients with anaplastic oligodendroglial tumours: review of 98 patients. J Neurooncol; 2006 Oct;80(1):75-82
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  • [Title] The presence of necrosis and/or microvascular proliferation does not influence survival of patients with anaplastic oligodendroglial tumours: review of 98 patients.
  • Accurate prognosis for patients with anaplastic oligodendroglial gliomas is increasingly difficult to make.
  • Characterisation of these tumours remains challenging, increasing proportions of oligodendroglial diagnoses in gliomas are reported, and no WHO 2000 grade IV exists for them, so that highly anaplastic tumours can only be grouped with glioblastoma (GBM) or with grade III oligodendroglioma, which have differing clinical behaviour.
  • In patients with anaplastic gliomas containing an oligodendroglial element, we explored whether microvascular proliferation (MVP) and necrosis were associated with shorter survival, sufficient to create a grade IV.
  • Biopsies for 98 patients with anaplastic oligodendroglioma, anaplastic oligoastrocytoma or tumours with an oligodendroglial and GBM element, discharged 1998-2004, were identified from databases at three allied neurosurgery units.
  • Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma and GBMO were combined to measure the effect of an astrocytic element on survival.
  • For anaplastic oligodendroglioma patients, median survival time was 24 months, while for anaplastic oligoastrocytoma or GBMO patients, it was 9 months.
  • Patients 60 and over with an astrocytic element had 4.6 times the risk of death of patients under 60 with anaplastic oligodendroglioma.A grade IV cannot be created using necrosis or MVP since neither feature predicted survival after adjustment for age and an astrocytic element.
  • However age and an astrocytic element were strong predictors of poorer survival in patients with anaplastic oligodendroglial tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / blood supply. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / blood supply. Oligodendroglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16794749.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Miller CR, Dunham CP, Scheithauer BW, Perry A: Significance of necrosis in grading of oligodendroglial neoplasms: a clinicopathologic and genetic study of newly diagnosed high-grade gliomas. J Clin Oncol; 2006 Dec 1;24(34):5419-26
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  • WHO 2000 grading criteria for high-grade oligodendroglial neoplasms [anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (AOA) and anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO)] remain subjective, and the existence of grade 4 variants is controversial.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall survival (OS) of 1,093 adult patients with a cerebral HGG newly diagnosed between 1990 and 2005 was analyzed by univariate and multivariate models for significance of the following factors: patient age, surgery type, year of diagnosis, endothelial proliferation, necrosis, oligodendroglial histology, treatment center, and chromosome 1p, 19q, 7p (EGFR), and 10q (PTEN) abnormalities by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17135643.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32CA009547
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Quon H, Abdulkarim B: Adjuvant treatment of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and oligoastrocytomas. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2008;(2):CD007104
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  • [Title] Adjuvant treatment of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and oligoastrocytomas.
  • Based on the differences in patient selection with respect to the definition of AO (2 versus 3 high risk anaplastic features) and sequence of treatment (RT and chemotherapy), the results from the two RCTs were not able to be considered for meta-analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / drug therapy. Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy

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  • [UpdateIn] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;5:CD007104 [24833028.001]
  • (PMID = 18425979.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 11
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60. Brandsma D, van den Bent MJ: Molecular targeted therapies and chemotherapy in malignant gliomas. Curr Opin Oncol; 2007 Nov;19(6):598-605
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  • RECENT FINDINGS: Two independent large phase III trials on adjuvant procarbazine, lomustine and vincristine chemotherapy in anaplastic oligodendroglial tumors have shown this improves progression-free survival, but not overall survival, regardless of 1p/19q status.
  • If given sequentially, the timing of procarbazine, lomustine and vincristine chemotherapy has no clear effect on the survival of anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Glioma / drug therapy. Glioma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Clinical Trials as Topic. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Dacarbazine / therapeutic use. Disease-Free Survival. Humans. Medical Oncology / methods. Models, Biological. Neoplasm Metastasis. Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Signal Transduction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17906459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8746
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide
  • [Number-of-references] 74
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61. Horbinski C, Wang G, Wiley CA: YKL-40 is directly produced by tumor cells and is inversely linked to EGFR in glioblastomas. Int J Clin Exp Pathol; 2010 Jan 01;3(3):226-37
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  • A rank-order list of YKL-40 expression was determined immunohistochemically in 79 untreated high-grade adult glio-mas, including 28 anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (AOs) and 51 GBMs.

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  • (PMID = 20224722.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-2625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Clin Exp Pathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / K24 MH001717; United States / PHS HHS / / K24 M401717
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adipokines; 0 / CHI3L1 protein, human; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / Lectins; EC 2.7.10.1 / EGFR protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2836500
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; 10q / 1p19q / EGFR / YKL-40 / glioblastoma / oligodendroglioma
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62. Temel SG, Kahveci Z: Cyclooxygenase-2 expression in astrocytes and microglia in human oligodendroglioma and astrocytoma. J Mol Histol; 2009 Oct;40(5-6):369-77
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  • [Title] Cyclooxygenase-2 expression in astrocytes and microglia in human oligodendroglioma and astrocytoma.
  • Cox-2 is cytokine-inducible in inflammatory cells and enhanced cox-2 expression has been attributed a key role in the development of edema and immunomodulation in pathologically altered brain tissues.
  • For this purpose we employed dual immunohistochemistry for cox-2 and GFAP (astrocyte) or LCA-MAC (microglia-macrophage) in archival formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded human tissue diagnosed as oligodendroglioma and/or astrocytoma.
  • Most of the cox-2 immunoreactive glia were GFAP-positive in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and at lesser extend in glioblastomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytes / enzymology. Astrocytoma / enzymology. Cyclooxygenase 2 / metabolism. Microglia / enzymology. Oligodendroglioma / enzymology

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  • (PMID = 20052522.001).
  • [ISSN] 1567-2387
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of molecular histology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Mol. Histol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; EC 1.14.99.1 / PTGS2 protein, human; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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63. Torii K, Tsuyuguchi N, Kawabe J, Sunada I, Hara M, Shiomi S: Correlation of amino-acid uptake using methionine PET and histological classifications in various gliomas. Ann Nucl Med; 2005 Dec;19(8):677-83
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  • If the degree of malignancy of brain tumors can be evaluated by MET-PET, the usefulness of MET-PET as a means of diagnosing brain tumors will increase.
  • Tumors included diffuse astrocytoma, anaplastic astrocytoma, glioblastoma, ependymoma, oligodendroglioma, medulloblastoma, dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor, choroid plexus papilloma, central neurocytoma, optic glioma, gliomatosis cerebri, pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, and ganglioglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Glioma / pathology. Glioma / radionuclide imaging. Methionine / pharmacokinetics. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods


64. Fayeye O, Sankaran V, Sherlala K, Choksey M: Oligodendroglioma presenting with intradural spinal metastases: an unusual cause of cauda equina syndrome. J Clin Neurosci; 2010 Feb;17(2):265-7
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  • [Title] Oligodendroglioma presenting with intradural spinal metastases: an unusual cause of cauda equina syndrome.
  • We report a 37-year-old man with a primary intracranial oligodendroglioma presenting later with symptomatic multiple cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) intradural drop spinal metastases.
  • Initial histology demonstrated World Health Organization (WHO) grade 2 oligodendroglioma.
  • Histology showed anaplastic transformation to a WHO grade 3 oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Dura Mater / pathology. Lumbar Vertebrae / pathology. Meningeal Carcinomatosis / secondary. Meningeal Neoplasms / secondary. Oligodendroglioma / secondary. Polyradiculopathy / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Crown Copyright 2009. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20042338.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2653
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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65. Gresner SM, Liberski PP: [Significance and prospects of study on molecular alterations in oligodendrogliomas]. Neurol Neurochir Pol; 2007 Jul-Aug;41(4):333-9
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  • Conversely, allelic loss on chromosome 10q, observed in many anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, predicts rather poor outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19 / genetics. Loss of Heterozygosity / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17874342.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3843
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurologia i neurochirurgia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Neurochir. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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66. Han SR, Yoon SW, Yee GT, Choi CY, Lee DJ, Sohn MJ, Chang SH, Whang CJ: Extraneural metastases of anaplastic oligodendroglioma. J Clin Neurosci; 2008 Aug;15(8):946-9
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  • [Title] Extraneural metastases of anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • That oligodendroglioma frequently seeds within the CNS is well known.
  • However, extraneural metastases of anaplastic oligodendroglioma are rare.
  • We report a 50-year-old woman who developed multiple lung and liver metastases 28 months after resection of a temporal lobe anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Oligodendroglioma / pathology


67. Adamek D, Dec M, Sobol G, Urbanowicz B, Jaworski M: Giant cell ependymoma: a case report. Clin Neurol Neurosurg; 2008 Feb;110(2):176-81
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  • As a result the diagnosis of GCE was established.
  • This type of neoplasm necessitates, at least in theory, differentiation with anaplastic oligodendroglioma, clear cell ependymoma, pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, giant cell glioblastoma, and subependymal giant cell astrocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ependymoma / pathology. Lateral Ventricles

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  • (PMID = 18006220.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-8467
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical neurology and neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Neurol Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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68. Ozişik PA, Işikay I, Oruçkaptan H, Söylemezoğlu F, Ozcan OE: Unusual massive spinal metastasis of an intracranial oligodendroglioma. Turk Neurosurg; 2008 Jul;18(3):276-80
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  • [Title] Unusual massive spinal metastasis of an intracranial oligodendroglioma.
  • Herein, we present a case of anaplastic oligodendroglioma with massive spinal metastasis in the first post-operative year without any residual tumor or recurrence in the primary tumor site.
  • Along with the reported literature, our case highlights the importance of periodic radiological evaluation of the spinal canal including the pre- and post-treatment period, in patients with intracerebral oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Seeding. Oligodendroglioma / secondary. Spinal Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18814118.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-5149
  • [Journal-full-title] Turkish neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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69. Sega S, Horvat A, Popovic M: Anaplastic oligodendroglioma and gliomatosis type 2 in interferon-beta treated multiple sclerosis patients. Report of two cases. Clin Neurol Neurosurg; 2006 Mar;108(3):259-65
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  • [Title] Anaplastic oligodendroglioma and gliomatosis type 2 in interferon-beta treated multiple sclerosis patients. Report of two cases.
  • The concurrence of multiple sclerosis (MS) and brain tumors has been reported, but it is not known whether MS patients are at greater risk of harbouring the latter.
  • The most common cerebral neoplasms reported in MS patients were oligodendroglioma, astrocytoma, glioblastoma and gliomatosis.
  • MS can also present as a mass lesion that mimics a brain tumor.
  • To establish the correct diagnosis radiological follow-up and/or histological confirmation is needed.
  • Two cases of coincidental MS and brain tumors are reviewed.
  • One is a 26-year-old woman with relapsing-remitting MS and an anaplastic oligodendroglioma, the other a 49-year-old woman patient with relapsing-remitting MS and gliomatosis type 2.
  • The concurrence of MS and brain tumors could be purely coincidental, or the result of neoplastic transformation of reactive glial cells in the areas of demyelination.
  • The combination of a brain tumor and MS, and interferon-beta treatment could also be pure coincidence or an unknown side effect of treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / complications. Glioblastoma / complications. Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting / complications. Oligodendroglioma / complications


70. Evans RW: Thunderclap headache associated with a nonhemorrhagic anaplastic oligodendroglioma. MedGenMed; 2007;9(3):26
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Thunderclap headache associated with a nonhemorrhagic anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Oligodendroglioma / diagnosis. Temporal Lobe


71. Ty AU, See SJ, Rao JP, Khoo JB, Wong MC: Oligodendroglial tumor chemotherapy using "decreased-dose-intensity" PCV: a Singapore experience. Neurology; 2006 Jan 24;66(2):247-9
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  • In this study, all seven patients with oligodendroglioma (OD) and eight with anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO) had objective responses or stable disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Asian Continental Ancestry Group. Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Brain Neoplasms / ethnology. Oligodendroglioma / drug therapy. Oligodendroglioma / ethnology

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  • (PMID = 16434664.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-632X
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 35S93Y190K / Procarbazine; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7BRF0Z81KG / Lomustine
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72. Yang T, Pruthi S, Geyer JR, Ojemann JG: MRI changes associated with vigabatrin treatment mimicking tumor progression. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2010 Dec 1;55(6):1221-3
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  • We report a case of a 5-month-old female who, following resection of an anaplastic oligodendroglioma developed, while treated with vigabatrin for seizures, abnormal DWI and FLAIR MRI signal changes worrisome for tumor progression or recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Oligodendroglioma / surgery. Seizures / drug therapy. Vigabatrin / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 20533524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticonvulsants; GR120KRT6K / Vigabatrin
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73. Doskaliyev A, Yamasaki F, Kenjo M, Shrestha P, Saito T, Hanaya R, Sugiyama K, Kurisu K: Secondary anaplastic oligodendroglioma after cranial irradiation: a case report. J Neurooncol; 2008 Jul;88(3):299-303
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Secondary anaplastic oligodendroglioma after cranial irradiation: a case report.
  • Secondary brain tumors rarely arise after cranial irradiation; among them, meningiomas and glioblastomas are the most common and secondary oligodendroglial tumors the most rare.
  • The tumor was histologically diagnosed as anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Cranial Irradiation / adverse effects. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18373067.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; EC 2.1.1.- / DNA Modification Methylases; EC 2.1.1.63 / MGMT protein, human; EC 6.5.1.- / DNA Repair Enzymes
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74. Zemanová Z, Kramar F, Babická L, Ransdorfová S, Melichercíková J, Hrabal P, Kozler P, Michalová K: Molecular cytogenetic stratification of recurrent oligodendrogliomas: utility of interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH). Folia Biol (Praha); 2006;52(3):71-8
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  • In oligodendroglial brain tumours, losses of chromosomal material of the short arm of chromosome 1 and long arm of chromosome 19 have been shown to predict responsiveness to chemotherapy and prolonged patients' survival.
  • Therefore, the correct diagnosis of these genetic alterations in tumours of oligodendroglial origin is particularly important.
  • We examined 16 patients with histologically proved oligodendrogliomas (5x oligodendroglioma, 9x anaplastic oligodendroglioma, 2x anaplastic oligoastrocytoma).
  • A systematic molecular cytogenetic analysis may advance diagnosis, prognostic stratification, and targeted treatment of patients with brain tumours.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Interphase / physiology. Oligodendroglioma / diagnosis. Oligodendroglioma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17089917.001).
  • [ISSN] 0015-5500
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia biologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Biol. (Praha)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Probes
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75. Blakeley J, Grossman S: Anaplastic oligodendroglioma. Curr Treat Options Neurol; 2008 Jul;10(4):295-307
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  • [Title] Anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • Although uncommon, anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (AODs) are important to recognize, as they have unique molecular, histologic, and clinical features.
  • Patients with new seizures or new focal neurologic deficits should be referred for brain MRI with contrast.
  • If the MRI suggests a malignant glioma, maximal feasible tumor resection is advised for accurate diagnosis and for relief of tumor-related neurologic symptoms.
  • Unfortunately, AOD remains a terminal brain cancer even with maximal therapies.

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  • (PMID = 18579016.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-8480
  • [Journal-full-title] Current treatment options in neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Treat Options Neurol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA006973
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS567597; NLM/ PMC3994534
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76. Omalu BI, Nnebe-Agumadu UH: Occurrence of anaplastic oligodendroglioma in a patient with Williams syndrome: a case report with analysis of mutational profile of tumor. Niger J Clin Pract; 2009 Jun;12(2):200-4
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  • [Title] Occurrence of anaplastic oligodendroglioma in a patient with Williams syndrome: a case report with analysis of mutational profile of tumor.
  • We report a case of anaplastic oligodendroglioma that occurred in a 31-year-old man with Williams syndrome.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / epidemiology. Oligodendroglioma / epidemiology. Parietal Lobe. Williams Syndrome / epidemiology


77. Noshita N, Mashiyama S, Fukawa O, Asano S, Watanabe M, Tominaga T: Extracranial metastasis of anaplastic oligodendroglioma with 1p19q loss of heterozygosity--case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo); 2010;50(2):161-4
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  • [Title] Extracranial metastasis of anaplastic oligodendroglioma with 1p19q loss of heterozygosity--case report.
  • We report a rare case of anaplastic oligodendroglioma with extracranial metastasis, showing 1p19q co-deletion in both the brain tissue and the metastatic site.
  • Histological examination revealed anaplastic oligodendroglioma, proved to be the same as the previous brain tumor.
  • We confirmed 1p19q loss of heterozygosity in both lesions, suggesting that 1p19q co-deletion might important to extracranial metastasis of oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / genetics. Head and Neck Neoplasms / secondary. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / secondary


78. Attenello FJ, Mukherjee D, Datoo G, McGirt MJ, Bohan E, Weingart JD, Olivi A, Quinones-Hinojosa A, Brem H: Use of Gliadel (BCNU) wafer in the surgical treatment of malignant glioma: a 10-year institutional experience. Ann Surg Oncol; 2008 Oct;15(10):2887-93
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  • METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of 1013 patients undergoing craniotomy for resection of malignant brain astrocytoma (World Health Organization grade III/IV disease).
  • RESULTS: A total of 1013 craniotomies were performed for malignant brain astrocytoma.
  • A total of 288 (28%) received Gliadel wafer (250 glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), 38 anaplastic astrocytoma/anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AA/AO), 166 primary resection, 122 revision resection).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / therapeutic use. Biocompatible Materials / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Carmustine / therapeutic use. Decanoic Acids / therapeutic use. Neurosurgical Procedures. Polyesters / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 18636295.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 0 / Biocompatible Materials; 0 / Decanoic Acids; 0 / Drug Carriers; 0 / Polyesters; 90409-78-2 / decanedioic acid-4,4'-(1,3-propanediylbis(oxy))bis(benzoic acid) copolymer; U68WG3173Y / Carmustine
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79. Mandonnet E, Pallud J, Fontaine D, Taillandier L, Bauchet L, Peruzzi P, Guyotat J, Bernier V, Baron MH, Duffau H, Capelle L: Inter- and intrapatients comparison of WHO grade II glioma kinetics before and after surgical resection. Neurosurg Rev; 2010 Jan;33(1):91-6
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  • Grade II gliomas grow slowly and linearly (at rates about 4 mm/year) before undergoing anaplastic transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Glioma / pathology. Glioma / surgery. Neurosurgical Procedures
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / therapeutic use. Astrocytoma / pathology. Astrocytoma / surgery. Child. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Dacarbazine / therapeutic use. Databases, Factual. Disease Progression. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Kinetics. Linear Models. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Oligodendroglioma / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / surgery. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19847462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-2320
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgical review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurg Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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80. Capelle L, Oei P, Teoh H, Hamilton D, Palmer D, Low I, Campbell G: Retrospective review of prognostic factors, including 1p19q deletion, in low-grade oligodendrogliomas and a review of recent published works. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol; 2009 Jun;53(3):305-9
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  • The purpose of the present study was to investigate potential prognostic factors in low-grade oligodendrogliomas (LGOs), particularly 1p19q deletion, due to its proven prognostic significance in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas.
  • We carried out a retrospective review of patients with a histological diagnosis of LGO between 1990 and 2000 in Auckland and Wellington, New Zealand.
  • Univariate analysis of potential prognostic factors including 1p19q status, age, tumour size, tumour crossing midline, tumour enhancement, extent of surgery and seizures at diagnosis was carried out.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms. Oligodendroglioma

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  • (PMID = 19624298.001).
  • [ISSN] 1754-9485
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical imaging and radiation oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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81. Alonso ME, Bello MJ, Arjona D, Martinez-Glez V, de Campos JM, Isla A, Kusak E, Vaquero J, Gutierrez M, Sarasa JL, Rey JA: Real-time quantitative PCR analysis of gene dosages reveals gene amplification in low-grade oligodendrogliomas. Am J Clin Pathol; 2005 Jun;123(6):900-6
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  • By histopathologic grade, 67% of grade II oligodendrogliomas (14/21), 46% of grade III anaplastic oligodendrogliomas (6/13), and 50% of mixed oligoastrocytomas (3/6) were positive for amplification of at least 1 gene.
  • Our findings demonstrate gene amplification in low-grade samples indicating that it is an important alteration in the early steps of oligodendroglioma development and, therefore, might be considered a molecular mechanism leading to malignant progression toward anaplastic forms.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Gene Amplification. Gene Dosage. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Proto-Oncogenes / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


82. Shirai K, Suzuki Y, Okamoto M, Wakatsuki M, Noda SE, Takahashi T, Ishiuchi S, Hasegawa M, Nakazato Y, Nakano T: Influence of histological subtype on survival after combined therapy of surgery and radiation in WHO grade 3 glioma. J Radiat Res; 2010;51(5):589-94
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  • World Health Organization (WHO) grade 3 glioma is one of the common brain tumors and has three main histological subtypes, including anaplastic astrocytoma (AA), anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (AOA) and anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO).
  • However, most previous studies have considered AOA and AO as one group because of the difficult differential diagnosis between AOA and AO.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / radiotherapy. Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Glioma / radiotherapy. Oligodendroglioma / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 20921826.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-9157
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of radiation research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Radiat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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83. Salomão JF, Pone MV, da Silva AR, Leibinger RD, Bellas AR, Campos JM, Garrido JR, Vanazzi E, de Barros AC, Pone SM, Boechat MB: Positive reaction for cysticercosis and multicentric anaplastic oligoastrocytoma. Childs Nerv Syst; 2006 Feb;22(2):182-5
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  • [Title] Positive reaction for cysticercosis and multicentric anaplastic oligoastrocytoma.
  • INTRODUCTION: An unusual case of positive immunological testing for cysticercosis in the cystic fluid obtained from an anaplastic oligoastrocytoma is presented.
  • CASE REPORT: A 15-year-old boy was admitted with multiple brain lesions.
  • As the patient deteriorated the cystic lesion was removed and the diagnosis of anaplastic oligoastrocytoma was established.
  • A second lesion was eventually approached and the histopathological diagnosis of both specimens concurred.
  • DISCUSSION: Although some authors believe that chronic inflammatory changes following neurocysticercosis could induce the formation of brain tumors, this association may be a mere coincidence.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / complications. Cysticercosis / complications. Oligodendroglioma / complications

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  • [ISSN] 0256-7040
  • [Journal-full-title] Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Childs Nerv Syst
  • [Language] eng
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84. Alexiou GA, Moschovi M, Georgoulis G, Neroutsou R, Stefanaki K, Sfakianos G, Prodromou N: Anaplastic oligodendrogliomas after treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children: report of 2 cases. J Neurosurg Pediatr; 2010 Feb;5(2):179-83
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  • [Title] Anaplastic oligodendrogliomas after treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children: report of 2 cases.
  • Radiation-induced brain tumors are suggested to be the late complication of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treatment.
  • Secondary anaplastic oligodendrogliomas are exceedingly rare.
  • Five cases of pure anaplastic oligodendroglioma have been reported in the literature, and only 1 case was in a child after ALL treatment.
  • The authors present 2 cases of pediatric anaplastic oligodendroglioma after treatment of ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / etiology. Oligodendroglioma / etiology. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy / adverse effects


85. Guillaume DJ, Doolittle ND, Gahramanov S, Hedrick NA, Delashaw JB, Neuwelt EA: Intra-arterial chemotherapy with osmotic blood-brain barrier disruption for aggressive oligodendroglial tumors: results of a phase I study. Neurosurgery; 2010 Jan;66(1):48-58; discussion 58
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  • [Title] Intra-arterial chemotherapy with osmotic blood-brain barrier disruption for aggressive oligodendroglial tumors: results of a phase I study.
  • OBJECTIVE: Refractory anaplastic oligodendroglioma and oligoastrocytoma tumors are challenging to treat.
  • This trial primarily evaluated toxicity and estimated the maximum tolerated dose of intra-arterial (IA) melphalan, IA carboplatin, and intravenous (IV) etoposide phosphate in conjunction with blood-brain barrier disruption in these tumors.
  • METHODS: Thirteen patients with temozolomide-refractory anaplastic oligodendroglioma (11 patients) or oligoastrocytoma (2 patients) underwent blood-brain barrier disruption with carboplatin (IA, 200 mg/m(2)/d), etoposide phosphate (IV, 200 mg/m(2)/d), and melphalan (IA, dose escalation) every 4 weeks, for up to 1 year.
  • CONCLUSION: In patients with anaplastic oligodendroglioma or oligoastrocytoma tumors in whom temozolomide treatment has failed, osmotic blood-brain barrier disruption with IA carboplatin, IV etoposide phosphate, and IA melphalan (4 mg/m(2)/d for 2 days) shows acceptable toxicity and encouraging efficacy, especially in patients demonstrating 1p and/or 19q deletion.

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  • (PMID = 20023537.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS053468; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS34608; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS053468-03; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS044687-26; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS034608; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA137488; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R37 NS044687-26; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R37 NS044687; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS053468-03; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS44687; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA137488-15; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA137488-15; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS044687; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA137488
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cross-Linking Reagents; 35S93Y190K / Procarbazine; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7BRF0Z81KG / Lomustine; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; Q41OR9510P / Melphalan
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS161269; NLM/ PMC2806091
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86. Baehring JM, Vives KP, Bannykh S: Images in neuro-oncology: anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma. J Neurooncol; 2006 Sep;79(2):151-2
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  • [Title] Images in neuro-oncology: anaplastic pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anaplasia / metabolism. Anaplasia / pathology. Female. Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / metabolism. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Oligodendroglioma / metabolism. Oligodendroglioma / pathology. Synaptophysin / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16850109.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / Synaptophysin; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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87. Berbos ZJ, Lee MS, Zaldivar RA, Pambuccian S, Harrison AR: Intravascular lymphoma presenting as an orbital mass lesion: a case report. Orbit; 2010 Apr;29(2):91-3
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  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a frontal lobe brain lesion and a right orbital mass.
  • Brain biopsy was interpreted as anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • On review of brain histopathology, the diagnosis was revised to CNS intravascular lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Orbital Neoplasms / pathology. Vascular Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20394547.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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88. Heimberger AB, McGary EC, Suki D, Ruiz M, Wang H, Fuller GN, Bar-Eli M: Loss of the AP-2alpha transcription factor is associated with the grade of human gliomas. Clin Cancer Res; 2005 Jan 1;11(1):267-72
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  • Anderson Cancer Center since 1986 to include 72 glioblastomas, 49 anaplastic astrocytomas, 9 low-grade astrocytoma, 37 oligodendrogliomas, 37 anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, 15 mixed oligoastrocytomas, 20 anaplastic mixed oligoastrocytomas, and 7 gliosarcomas.
  • The microarray included normal brain tissue, and AP-2alpha expression was determined by immunohistochemistry.
  • RESULTS: AP-2alpha expression was lost on 99% (P < 0.001) and 98% (P < 0.001) of glioblastomas and anaplastic astrocytomas, respectively, compared with grade 2 astrocytomas and normal brain, all of which (100%) maintained expression of AP-2alpha.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis. DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Glioma / metabolism. Transcription Factors / biosynthesis. Transcription Factors / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Amino Acid Motifs. Antigens, CD / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD146. Astrocytoma / metabolism. Brain / metabolism. Cell Cycle Proteins / biosynthesis. Cell Line, Tumor. Child. Child, Preschool. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21. Disease Progression. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / biosynthesis. Middle Aged. Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules / biosynthesis. Oligodendroglioma / metabolism. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / biosynthesis. Time Factors. Transcription Factor AP-2. Treatment Outcome. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 15671555.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / PHS HHS / / T-32-09666
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD146; 0 / CDKN1A protein, human; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / MCAM protein, human; 0 / Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / TFAP2A protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factor AP-2; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 3.4.24.24 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2
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89. Peria FM, Neder L, Marie SK, Rosemberg S, Oba-Shinjo SM, Colli BO, Gabbai AA, Malheiros SM, Zago MA, Panepucci RA, Moreira-Filho CA, Okamoto OK, Carlotti CG Jr: Pleiotrophin expression in astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors and it's correlation with histological diagnosis, microvascular density, cellular proliferation and overall survival. J Neurooncol; 2007 Sep;84(3):255-61
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  • [Title] Pleiotrophin expression in astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors and it's correlation with histological diagnosis, microvascular density, cellular proliferation and overall survival.
  • There is evidence that PTN has also a relevant role in primary brain neoplasms and its inactivation could be important to treatment response.
  • Astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors are the most frequent primary brain neoplasms.
  • Astrocytic tumors are classified as pilocytic astrocytoma (PA), diffuse astrocytoma (DA), anaplastic astrocytoma (AA) and glioblastoma (GBM).
  • Oligodendroglial tumors are classified as oligodendroglioma (O) and anaplastic oligodendroglioma (AO).
  • The aim of the present study was to compare PTN expression, in astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas and its association with the histological diagnosis, microvascular density, proliferate potential and clinical outcome.
  • The histological diagnosis in accordance with WHO classification was: 13PA, 18DA, 8AA, 15GBM, 16O and 8AO.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Carrier Proteins / biosynthesis. Cytokines / biosynthesis. Oligodendroglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17443289.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Cytokines; 134034-50-7 / pleiotrophin
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90. Gaughen JR, Bourne TD, Aregawi D, Shah LM, Schiff D: Focal neuronal gigantism: a rare complication of therapeutic radiation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol; 2009 Nov;30(10):1933-5
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  • Radiation therapy, a mainstay in the treatment of many brain tumors, results in a variety of well-documented acute and chronic complications.
  • We report this rare delayed complication in a patient following treatment of a right frontal anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Frontal Lobe / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / radiotherapy. Radiation Injuries / pathology. Radiotherapy / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 19574493.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-959X
  • [Journal-full-title] AJNR. American journal of neuroradiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJNR Am J Neuroradiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Dmytrenko VV, Boĭko OI, Shostak KO, Bilets'kyĭ AV, Malysheva TA, Shamaiev MI, Kliuchka VM, Rozumenko VD, Zozulia IuP, Kavsan VM: [Expression of myelin basic protein and glial fibrillary acidic protein genes in human glial brain tumors]. Tsitol Genet; 2009 Jan-Feb;43(1):28-35
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  • [Title] [Expression of myelin basic protein and glial fibrillary acidic protein genes in human glial brain tumors].
  • Diffuse astrocytomas and anaplastic astrocytomas are characterized mostly by low level of MBP gene expression and high level of GFAP gene expression, but distinct subtypes of diffuse and anaplastic astrocytomas with high level of MBP gene and low level of GFAP gene expression can be also detected that may be the reflection of different oncogenic pathways.
  • Very low levels or even absence of MBP mRNA were revealed in oligodendroglioma and all oligoastrocytomas.
  • By such a way, these two genes together with previously found by us YKL-40 and TSC-22 can be included into the gene panel for the determination of so called "gene signatures" of brain tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Gene Expression. Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / genetics. Glioma / genetics. Myelin Basic Protein / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19663312.001).
  • [ISSN] 0564-3783
  • [Journal-full-title] T︠S︡itologii︠a︡ i genetika
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tsitol. Genet.
  • [Language] ukr
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ukraine
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Genetic Markers; 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / Myelin Basic Protein; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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92. Das S, Chandler JP, Pollack A, Biggio EH, Diaz L, Raizer JJ, Batjer HH: Oligodendroglioma of the pineal region. Case report. J Neurosurg; 2006 Sep;105(3):461-4
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  • [Title] Oligodendroglioma of the pineal region. Case report.
  • The authors describe an oligodendroglioma of the pineal region in a 59-year-old woman.
  • Pathological and genetic evaluation showed the tumor to be an anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • Although the spectrum of tumors arising within the region of the pineal gland is broad, to the authors' knowledge this is the first report of an oligodendroglioma occurring in this area.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Oligodendroglioma / pathology. Pinealoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16961143.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3085
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Talos IF, Zou KH, Kikinis R, Jolesz FA: Volumetric assessment of tumor infiltration of adjacent white matter based on anatomic MRI and diffusion tensor tractography. Acad Radiol; 2007 Apr;14(4):431-6
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  • RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To perform a retrospective, quantitative assessment of the anatomic relationship between intra-axial, supratentorial, primary brain tumors, and adjacent white matter fiber tracts based on anatomic and diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • RESULTS: There were five patients with low-grade oligodendroglioma (WHO Grade II), one with low-grade mixed oligoastrocytoma (WHO Grade II), one with ganglioglioma, two with low-grade astrocytoma (WHO Grade II), and three with anaplastic astrocytoma (WHO Grade III).
  • Our results confirm previous reports that extensive white matter infiltration by primary brain tumors is a common occurrence.

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  • (PMID = 17368212.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-6332
  • [Journal-full-title] Academic radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acad Radiol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR013218-098542; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / U41 RR019703; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM074068; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / U41 RR019703-03S1; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / P41 EB015898; United States / NLM NIH HHS / LM / R01 LM007861; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR013218-02; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR019703-03S1; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR013218; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR013218-108434; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR013218-098542; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA067165; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41 RR013218-108434
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS21072; NLM/ PMC2397554
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94. Ng WH, Lim TC, Tan KK: Disseminated spread of recurrent oligodendroglioma (WHO grade II). J Clin Neurosci; 2006 Jun;13(5):602-7
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  • [Title] Disseminated spread of recurrent oligodendroglioma (WHO grade II).
  • Oligodendroglioma is a relatively uncommon primary brain tumour.
  • The occurrence of metastatic dissemination of oligodendroglioma is rare and usually occurs in patients with anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • The dissemination of WHO Grade II oligodendroglioma can occur and we report a patient with an initial diagnosis of a left temporal oligodendroglioma who presented with disseminated disease in the left temporal lobe, sellar region, medulla oblongata, both frontal lobes and ventricles more than 8 years later.
  • Histology at dissemination showed anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
  • Similar reports of metastatic dissemination of oligodendrogliomas reveal that the tumours may remain as WHO Grade II or may progress to anaplastic oligodendroglioma at metastasis.
  • However, regardless of the histological grade at metastasis, the prognosis of metastatic oligodendroglioma is poor.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Second Primary / radiography. Oligodendroglioma / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16697645.001).
  • [ISSN] 0967-5868
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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95. Mauer ME, Taphoorn MJ, Bottomley A, Coens C, Efficace F, Sanson M, Brandes AA, van der Rijt CC, Bernsen HJ, Frénay M, Tijssen CC, Lacombe D, van den Bent MJ, EORTC Brain Cancer Group: Prognostic value of health-related quality-of-life data in predicting survival in patients with anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, from a phase III EORTC brain cancer group study. J Clin Oncol; 2007 Dec 20;25(36):5731-7
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  • [Title] Prognostic value of health-related quality-of-life data in predicting survival in patients with anaplastic oligodendrogliomas, from a phase III EORTC brain cancer group study.
  • PURPOSE: This is one of a few studies that have explored the value of baseline symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in predicting survival in patients with brain cancer.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Baseline HRQOL scores (from the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer [EORTC] Quality of Life Questionnaire C30 and the EORTC Brain Cancer Module) were examined in 247 patients with anaplastic oligodendrogliomas to determine the relationship with overall survival by using Cox proportional hazards regression models.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / mortality. Oligodendroglioma / mortality. Quality of Life

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  • (PMID = 18089867.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5U10CA11488-30; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5U10CA11488-31; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5U10CA11488-32; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5U10CA11488-33; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5U10CA11488-34
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase III; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Möllemann M, Wolter M, Felsberg J, Collins VP, Reifenberger G: Frequent promoter hypermethylation and low expression of the MGMT gene in oligodendroglial tumors. Int J Cancer; 2005 Jan 20;113(3):379-85
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  • Allelic losses on the chromosome arms 1p and 19q have been associated with favorable response to chemotherapy and good prognosis in anaplastic oligodendroglioma patients, but the molecular mechanisms responsible for this relationship are as yet unknown.
  • The DNA repair enzyme O(6)-methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) may cause resistance to DNA-alkylating drugs commonly used in the treatment of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas and other malignant gliomas.
  • Real-time reverse transcription-PCR showed reduced MGMT mRNA levels relative to non-neoplastic brain tissue in the majority of tumors with hypermethylation.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. DNA Methylation. O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase / genetics. Oligodendroglioma / genetics. Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics

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  • (PMID = 15455350.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 2.1.1.63 / O(6)-Methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase
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97. Iwamoto FM, Nicolardi L, Demopoulos A, Barbashina V, Salazar P, Rosenblum M, Hormigo A: Clinical relevance of 1p and 19q deletion for patients with WHO grade 2 and 3 gliomas. J Neurooncol; 2008 Jul;88(3):293-8
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  • RESULTS: There were 113 men and 95 women with a median age at diagnosis of 40.
  • Thirty-eight patients had a low-grade astrocytoma (A2), 58 low-grade oligodendroglioma (O2), 31 low-grade oligoastrocytoma (OA2), 21 anaplastic astrocytoma (A3), 37 anaplastic oligodendroglioma (O3), and 23 had an anaplastic oligoastrocytoma (OA3).
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19. Glioma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18345516.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
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98. Flannery T, Cawley D, Zulfiger A, Alderazi Y, Heffernan J, Brett F, Farrell M, O'Brien DF: Familial occurrence of oligodendroglial tumours. Br J Neurosurg; 2008 Jun;22(3):436-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Two non-identical brothers were diagnosed with anaplastic oligoastrocytoma within 4 months of each other and a maternal grandmother was diagnosed with oligodendroglioma 21 years previously.
  • [MeSH-major] Astrocytoma / genetics. Brain Neoplasms / genetics. Family. Oligodendroglioma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18568735.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-8697
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Neurosurg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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99. Snuderl M, Eichler AF, Ligon KL, Vu QU, Silver M, Betensky RA, Ligon AH, Wen PY, Louis DN, Iafrate AJ: Polysomy for chromosomes 1 and 19 predicts earlier recurrence in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with concurrent 1p/19q loss. Clin Cancer Res; 2009 Oct 15;15(20):6430-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Polysomy for chromosomes 1 and 19 predicts earlier recurrence in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with concurrent 1p/19q loss.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We analyzed 64 anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with 1p/19q loss or maintenance diagnosed at Massachusetts General Hospital and Brigham and Women's Hospital from 1996 to 2005; fluorescence in situ hybridization for 1p/19q and Ki-67 immunohistochemistry was done.
  • In agreement with previous studies, the group of anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with 1p/19q loss had significantly better progression-free survival and overall survival than anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with 1p/19q maintenance (P = 0.0009 and P < 0.0003, respectively).
  • Among anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with 1p/19q loss, those with polysomy showed shorter progression-free survival than those with 1p/19q loss without polysomy (P = 0.0048).
  • CONCLUSION: The presence of polysomy in anaplastic oligodendrogliomas with deletion of 1p/19q is a marker of earlier recurrence.

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  • (PMID = 19808867.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA057683-16; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA057683; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA057683-16
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS160000; NLM/ PMC2818514
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100. Cetin N, Dienel G, Gokden M: CD117 expression in glial tumors. J Neurooncol; 2005 Nov;75(2):195-202
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  • Because GISTs that express immunohistochemically-detectable CD117 respond dramatically to treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors, identification of central nervous system tumors that express CD117 might open new therapeutic approaches for treatment of brain tumors.
  • The proportion of high grade tumors of all tumor types with detectable CD117 immunoreactivity was statistically significantly greater than low grade tumors, and glioblastoma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma showed the highest staining grade.
  • These findings support further investigation into the possibility that CD117 has an important role in growth of glial tumors and that patients with brain tumors expressing CD117 might benefit from treatment with receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Brain Neoplasms / metabolism. Glioma / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16132504.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS38230
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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