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17. Küpeli S, Varan A, Demir H, Aydin B, Yüce A, Büyükpamukçu M: Association of Helicobacter pylori and childhood lymphoma. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2007 May;29(5):301-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Association of Helicobacter pylori and childhood lymphoma.
  • We aimed to estimate the frequency of association between non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with abdominal, gastric, or intestinal involvement and Helicobacter pylori in childhood.
  • Pathologic diagnosis was made by examining the biopsy samples.
  • Ten had high-grade B-cell lymphoma.
  • First patient had T-cell lymphoma and stage IV disease with involvement in stomach, mediastinum, peripheral lymph nodes, and bone marrow.
  • The second one had anaplastic large cell lymphoma exclusively in abdominal lymph nodes.
  • Last patient had Burkitt lymphoma and stage IV disease, with primary tumor localization in abdominal lymph nodes, liver, and kidneys.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Helicobacter Infections / epidemiology. Helicobacter pylori / isolation & purification. Lymphoma, B-Cell / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17483706.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents
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18. Joshi A, Fields P, Simo R: Anaplastic lymphoma of the cervical esophagus presenting as a tracheoesophageal fistula. Head Neck; 2008 Sep;30(9):1264-8
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  • [Title] Anaplastic lymphoma of the cervical esophagus presenting as a tracheoesophageal fistula.
  • BACKGROUND: Anaplastic kinase-1 positive lymphoma (ALK-1) is a very rare but distinct pathologic entity.
  • ALK-1 lymphoma tends to affect the bone marrow, skin, lungs, soft tissue, but very rarely the gastrointestinal tract.
  • METHODS: We report a case of ALK-1 positive lymphoma presenting as a tracheoesophageal fistula.
  • CONCLUSION: ALK-1 positive lymphoma of the upper aerodigestive involvement is extremely rare.
  • Histopathologic analysis can be difficult and immunohistochemical studies will aid are of paramount importance in the diagnosis and help in subsequent management and also act as prognostic indicators.
  • [MeSH-major] Esophageal Neoplasms / pathology. Esophageal Neoplasms / therapy. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic / pathology. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic / therapy. Tracheoesophageal Fistula / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Biopsy, Needle. Cervical Vertebrae. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Esophagoscopy. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Photomicrography. Risk Assessment. Salvage Therapy. Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Transplantation, Autologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18228520.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0347
  • [Journal-full-title] Head & neck
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Siordia-Reyes AG, Ferman-Cano F, Rodríguez-Velasco A: [ALK-1 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma of the lung. Report of a pediatric case]. Gac Med Mex; 2005 Nov-Dec;141(6):531-4
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  • [Title] [ALK-1 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma of the lung. Report of a pediatric case].
  • Ki-1 anaplastic large cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a well recognized clinical entity.
  • In the extranodal disease, which occurs in approximately half of the cases, the skin is the most common site; bone marrow, lung and central nervous system are generally not involved.
  • Anaplastic large cell lymphoma is more common among young people, in whom the prognosis is more favorable.
  • Primary anaplastic large cell lymphoma of the lung is a rare clinical entity.
  • Its clinical expression is similar to a high grade malignant lymphoma, and in most cases the diagnosis is made in advanced stages.
  • We present a pediatric case with ALK-1 positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma of the lung.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Neoplasms / chemistry. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / chemistry. Membrane Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16381509.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-3813
  • [Journal-full-title] Gaceta médica de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gac Med Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membrane Proteins; EC 2.7.11.30 / ACVRL1 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.30 / Activin Receptors, Type II
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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20. Pich A, Fraire F, Fornari A, Bonino LD, Godio L, Bortolin P, Chiusa L, Palestro G: Intrasinusoidal bone marrow infiltration and splenic marginal zone lymphoma: a quantitative study. Eur J Haematol; 2006 May;76(5):392-8
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  • [Title] Intrasinusoidal bone marrow infiltration and splenic marginal zone lymphoma: a quantitative study.
  • Intrasinusoidal infiltration (ISI) is a pattern of invasion that is rarely found on bone marrow (BM) biopsies, and is considered as a hallmark of splenic marginal zone cell lymphoma (SMZL).
  • We analysed BM biopsies showing intrasinusoidal infiltration from 54 consecutive patients with different types of lymphoma to verify if ISI quantity was a diagnostic criterion for SMZL.
  • There were 35 primary splenic lymphoma (PSL) and 19 non-PSL; 28 SMZL, three non-splenic MZL, six mantle cell, six small lymphocytic, four follicular, four diffuse large B cell, one peripheral T cell, one lymphoplasmacytic and one anaplastic large-cell lymphoma.
  • No difference in ISI quantity was found among the lymphoma subtypes, either in PSL (P = 0.74) or non-PSL (P = 0.3).
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow / pathology. Bone Marrow Neoplasms / secondary. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Splenic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biopsy. Bone Marrow Examination / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Organ Size

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  • [CommentIn] Eur J Haematol. 2006 Oct;77(4):360; author reply 361 [16961729.001]
  • (PMID = 16480431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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21. Ling JY, Sun XF, Yan SL, He LR, Zhen ZJ, Xia Y: [Bone marrow immunophenotypes of 112 cases of lymphoid system malignant diseases]. Ai Zheng; 2007 Apr;26(4):418-22
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  • [Title] [Bone marrow immunophenotypes of 112 cases of lymphoid system malignant diseases].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of lymphocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is based on bone marrow morphology.
  • Immunophenotyping will make diagnosis more precise through analyzing the origin and differentiation status of tumor, which is necessary for treatment and prognosis prediction.
  • This study was to analyze the immunophenotypic characteristics of lymphocytic leukemia and NHL with bone marrow involvement using flow cytometry (FCM).
  • METHODS: Bone marrow specimens from 112 patients with lymphocytic leukemia or NHL with bone marrow involvement were detected by FCM using antibodies of T, B and myeloid cell series.
  • RESULTS: In 45 cases of precursor B lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (B-ALL/LBL), the antigens were mainly CD19, CD10, TdT, CD34, HLA-DR, and CD20.
  • In 32 cases of precursor T lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL/LBL), the antigens were mainly CD7, CD5, cytoplasmic (Cy)CD3, TdT, CD34, surface CD3 (sCD3), and HLA-DR.
  • Among the 35 cases of mature B-cell malignancies, 17 cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) mainly expressed CD19, CD20, CD5, HLA-DR, with coexpression of CD19 and CD5; 4 cases of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) mainly expressed CD19, CD20, CD10, and HLA-DR; 3 cases of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) mainly expressed CD19, CD10, CD20, and sIgM; 1 case of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) expressed CD5, CD19, CD20, and HLA-DR.
  • Among the 10 mature T-cell malignancies, 5 cases of unspecialied peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) mainly expressed sCD3, CD5 and CD7, CD4 or CD8; 1 case of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) expressed sCD3 and HLA-DR; 4 cases of NK/T-cell malignancies expressed CD56 and HLA-DR, CD4 or CD8 or CD7.
  • CONCLUSION: Multiparameter FCM can not only provide data of cell lineage and differentiation status but also detect phenotypic aberrancies, which is helpful for minimal residual disease detecting.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / analysis. Bone Marrow / immunology. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Lymphoid / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology


22. Damm-Welk C, Busch K, Burkhardt B, Schieferstein J, Viehmann S, Oschlies I, Klapper W, Zimmermann M, Harbott J, Reiter A, Woessmann W: Prognostic significance of circulating tumor cells in bone marrow or peripheral blood as detected by qualitative and quantitative PCR in pediatric NPM-ALK-positive anaplastic large-cell lymphoma. Blood; 2007 Jul 15;110(2):670-7
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  • [Title] Prognostic significance of circulating tumor cells in bone marrow or peripheral blood as detected by qualitative and quantitative PCR in pediatric NPM-ALK-positive anaplastic large-cell lymphoma.
  • Clinical and histopathological characteristics have limited prognostic value for children with anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL).
  • We evaluated the presence, extent, and prognostic impact of circulating tumor cells in bone marrow (BM) and peripheral blood (PB) of children and adolescents with NPM-ALK-positive ALCL at diagnosis using qualitative and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for NPM-ALK.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Cells / physiology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / genetics. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17392503.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; EC 2.7.1.- / p80(NPM-ALK) protein; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
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23. Tang YJ, Tang JY, Pan C, Xue HL, Chen J, Shen SH, Dong L, Zhou M, Wang YP, Gu LJ, Jiang H, Ye QD: [Clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of 36 cases with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma arising from mediastinum in children]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Sep;47(9):687-90
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  • [Title] [Clinical characteristics and treatment outcome of 36 cases with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma arising from mediastinum in children].
  • OBJECTIVE: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) presenting as mediastinal mass is usually progressive and may cause severe respiratory distress and death.
  • Their clinical characteristics, pathologic classification, diagnosis, outcome of different treatment protocol were retrospectively analyzed.
  • Diagnosis was established on pathology that was achieved by mediastinal mass or peripheral lymph nodes biopsy, while some were diagnosed based on bone marrow or pleural effusion cytology study and immunophenotyping.
  • Of them, 24 were lymphoblastic lymphoma and 3 were anaplastic large cell lymphoma.
  • Nine patients were diagnosed by cytological study of bone marrow aspiration or pleural fluid.
  • All the 36 cases were T-cell type.
  • CONCLUSION: Establishment of a diagnosis as soon as possible was important to reduce the mortality and improve long term survival of patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin. Mediastinal Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 20021793.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1310
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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4. Sano F, Tasaka T, Nishimura H, Akiyama T, Kubo Y, Matsuhashi Y, Wada H, Sugihara T, Sadahira Y: Small cell variant of anaplastic large cell lymphoma diagnosed by a novel chromosomal abnormality t(2;5;3)(p23;q35;p21) of bone marrow cells. Pathol Int; 2008 Aug;58(8):494-7
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  • [Title] Small cell variant of anaplastic large cell lymphoma diagnosed by a novel chromosomal abnormality t(2;5;3)(p23;q35;p21) of bone marrow cells.
  • Because of the rarity and the morphological variations, small cell variant of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) represents a diagnostic challenge.
  • Herein is reported a case of leukemic type of small cell variant of ALCL, in which the diagnosis was established by a cytogenetic analysis.
  • The initial differential diagnosis on bone marrow trephine biopsy sections included viral infection and peripheral T-cell lymphoma unspecified.
  • But a cytogenetic study on bone marrow cells indicated a novel complex translocation, t(2;5;3)(p23;q35;p21), which led to confirmation of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive pleomorphic small to medium-sized cells scattered in bone marrow cells, on immunohistochemistry.
  • The patient achieved complete remission after four courses of combination chemotherapy, and received autologous peripheral stem cell transplantation (auto-PBSCT) after two additional courses of combination chemotherapy, but relapsed 2 months after auto-PBSCT in the bilateral lung.
  • Allogeneic stem cell transplantation led to a second remission.
  • This case demonstrates the diagnostic importance of cytogenetic study for malignant lymphoma involving bone marrow.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Chromosomes, Human, 1-3 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 / genetics. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic / diagnosis. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Chromosome Banding. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / diagnosis. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / immunology. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism. Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases. Remission Induction. Spectral Karyotyping. Virus Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18705769.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.1 / anaplastic lymphoma kinase
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25. Rudzki Z, Rucińska M, Jurczak W, Skotnicki AB, Maramorosz-Kurianowicz M, Mruk A, Piróg K, Utych G, Bodzioch P, Srebro-Stariczyk M, Włodarska I, Stachura J: ALK-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: two more cases and a brief literature review. Pol J Pathol; 2005;56(1):37-45
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  • [Title] ALK-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: two more cases and a brief literature review.
  • Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a rare, recently defined tumor distinct in many aspects from ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL).
  • A 48-year old man presented with a large upper neck mass growing slowly over 18 months.
  • Histologically the tumor was diagnosed as an ALK-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. with plasmablastic features.
  • Large, frequently intrasinusoidal tumor cells expressed CD138, EMA, weakly IgA and kappa, but were negative for other B-cell markers, T-cell markers and CD30.
  • At the diagnosis the patient manifested with the stage IIIB.
  • The patient died of massive bleeding from his decomposing tumor 3 months after the diagnosis.
  • The tumor showed immunoblastic/anaplastic morphology, with some Reed-Sternberg-like cells positive for ALK.
  • ALK-positive DLBCL affects mostly middle-aged men, shows generally poor but stage-dependent prognosis (at least 60% mortality rate), presents typically as a lymph node-based disseminated disease, and very rarely involves the bone marrow.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15921012.001).
  • [ISSN] 1233-9687
  • [Journal-full-title] Polish journal of pathology : official journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol J Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.1 / anaplastic lymphoma kinase; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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26. Tamiolakis D, Papadopoulos N, Venizelos J, Kakagia D, Nikolaidou S, Bolioti S, Kouskoukis C: ALK-positive neutrophil-rich variant of anaplastic large cell lymphoma diagnosed after head trauma. Onkologie; 2005 Jun;28(6-7):356-8
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  • [Title] ALK-positive neutrophil-rich variant of anaplastic large cell lymphoma diagnosed after head trauma.
  • BACKGROUND: Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) expression has not been described in neutrophil-rich anaplastic large cell lymphoma (NR-ALCL).
  • CASE REPORT: A 12-year old female with a 4-weeks history of a non-resolving bump over the forehead resulting from injury, was diagnosed of stage IE cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, and radiation was employed.
  • Shortly after completion of therapy, there was progress of the disease on the soft tissue of the right hand, and bone marrow involvement was also found.
  • A fine-needle aspiration of the hand mass was performed, and a diagnosis of CD30+/ALK+ NR-ALCL, was rendered.
  • A panel of antibodies were used to establish diagnosis and subtyping.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / blood. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Neutrophils / pathology. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / blood. Skin Neoplasms / blood. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15933425.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-584X
  • [Journal-full-title] Onkologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Onkologie
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.1 / anaplastic lymphoma kinase
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27. Vural F, Akad Soyer N, Özen P, Dönmez A, Ocakçı S, Saydam G, Çağırgan S, Tombuloğlu M: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with bone involvement: a single center experience with 18 patients. Turk J Haematol; 2010 Mar 5;27(1):29-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with bone involvement: a single center experience with 18 patients.
  • OBJECTIVE: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of bone is a rare entity.
  • The most common histological subtype is diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL).
  • The major presenting symptoms are soft tissue swelling, bone pain and pathological fracture.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the 18 patients (11 females, 7 males) with NHL of bone who were diagnosed and treated between 1995-2005.
  • The bone pain was the first symptom in all patients.
  • Tru-cut biopsy was performed for diagnosis in most of the cases.
  • Diagnosis in five patients (27.8%) required open biopsy.
  • Other histological subtypes were anaplastic large cell lymphoma (11.1%), Burkitt-like lymphoma (5.6%) and marginal zone lymphoma (5.6%).
  • Bone marrow involvement was determined in four patients (22.2%).
  • CONCLUSION: The treatment of bone lymphoma can be planned according to the stage and location of the disease.

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  • (PMID = 27265795.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-7777
  • [Journal-full-title] Turkish journal of haematology : official journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk J Haematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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28. Engsig FN, Møller MB, Hasselbalch HK, Mahdi B, Obel N: Extreme neutrophil granulocytosis in a patient with anaplastic large cell lymphoma of T-cell lineage. APMIS; 2007 Jun;115(6):778-83
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  • [Title] Extreme neutrophil granulocytosis in a patient with anaplastic large cell lymphoma of T-cell lineage.
  • Conventional pathological examination of bone marrow and lymph node biopsies did not demonstrate malignant cells and inflammatory disease was suspected.
  • Immunohistochemistry and cytogenetics postmortem led to a diagnosis of anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) of T-cell lineage.
  • [MeSH-major] Granulocytes / pathology. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic / pathology. Neutrophils / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17550390.001).
  • [ISSN] 0903-4641
  • [Journal-full-title] APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] APMIS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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29. Sonnen R, Schmidt WP, Müller-Hermelink HK, Schmitz N: The International Prognostic Index determines the outcome of patients with nodal mature T-cell lymphomas. Br J Haematol; 2005 May;129(3):366-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The International Prognostic Index determines the outcome of patients with nodal mature T-cell lymphomas.
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) lymphoma classification recognises anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), angioimmunoblastic lymphoma (AIL) and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified (PTCU) as nodal mature T-cell lymphomas.
  • To a large extent, the IPI score explains the differences in survival between histological subtypes of nodal mature T-cell lymphomas.
  • The IPI may therefore be used for risk stratification in clinical trials to identify patients who would benefit most from new treatment strategies, such as high-dose chemotherapy followed by stem cell or bone marrow transplantation.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Severity of Illness Index
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Cause of Death. Epidemiologic Methods. Female. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / therapy. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Second Primary. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15842660.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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30. Horny HP, Sotlar K, Valent P: Differential diagnoses of systemic mastocytosis in routinely processed bone marrow biopsy specimens: a review. Pathobiology; 2010;77(4):169-80
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  • [Title] Differential diagnoses of systemic mastocytosis in routinely processed bone marrow biopsy specimens: a review.
  • Diagnosis of systemic mastocytosis (SM) is mainly based on the morphological demonstration of compact mast cell infiltrates in various tissue sites.
  • In almost all patients such infiltrates are detected in the bone marrow.
  • Reliable immunohistochemical markers for the diagnosis and grading of SM have been established, but various differential diagnoses including myeloproliferative neoplasms, basophilic and eosinophilic leukemias may be very difficult to delineate.
  • Even more challenging is the recognition of hematological neoplasms with signs of mast cell differentiation but not fulfilling diagnostic criteria for SM, especially the rare myelomastocytic leukemia.
  • It is also important to separate the reactive state of mast cell hyperplasia from indolent variants of SM, especially those with a very low degree of bone marrow infiltration and absence of compact mast cell infiltrates.
  • When the lymphocytic component of the SM infiltrate is very prominent, SM may be confused with an indolent lymphoma, especially lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma which almost always shows a marked reactive increase in mast cells.
  • Thus, anaplastic large cell lymphoma or Hodgkin's disease may first be considered rather than SM.
  • Therefore, such skin lesions are an important clue to the correct diagnosis in these patients.
  • However, in aggressive or leukemic SM skin lesions are usually absent and then the correct diagnosis relies on an appropriate investigation of bone marrow biopsy specimens using both SM-related immunohistochemical markers (tryptase, KIT, CD25, CD30) but also markers excluding potential differential diagnoses.
  • Investigation for presence of the activating KIT point mutation D816V is very helpful to establish a correct diagnosis of SM in all the difficult cases exhibiting a low degree of bone marrow infiltration or puzzling morphological findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow / pathology. Mastocytosis, Systemic / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Basophils / immunology. Basophils / pathology. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Mast Cells / immunology. Mast Cells / pathology. Myeloproliferative Disorders / diagnosis. Myeloproliferative Disorders / genetics. Myeloproliferative Disorders / immunology. Point Mutation. Urticaria Pigmentosa / diagnosis. Urticaria Pigmentosa / genetics. Urticaria Pigmentosa / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20616612.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0291
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathobiology : journal of immunopathology, molecular and cellular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathobiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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31. Sevilla DW, Choi JK, Gong JZ: Mediastinal adenopathy, lung infiltrates, and hemophagocytosis: unusual manifestation of pediatric anaplastic large cell lymphoma: report of two cases. Am J Clin Pathol; 2007 Mar;127(3):458-64
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  • [Title] Mediastinal adenopathy, lung infiltrates, and hemophagocytosis: unusual manifestation of pediatric anaplastic large cell lymphoma: report of two cases.
  • To date, only 1 report describes an anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) associated with hemophagocytosis in the pediatric population.
  • Bone marrow biopsies and aspirates revealed striking hemophagocytosis but no ALCL.
  • Definitive diagnosis required lymph node biopsies that showed CD30+, anaplastic lymphoma kinase-l+ ALCL.
  • Both tumors responded to standard lymphoma chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Diseases / pathology. Lymphatic Diseases / pathology. Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic / pathology. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Activin Receptors, Type II / genetics. Antigens, CD30 / analysis. Antigens, CD8 / analysis. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Mediastinum. Translocation, Genetic


32. Ziarkiewicz-Wróblewska B, Górnicka B, Suleiman W, Ołdakowska-Jedynak U, Wróblewski T, Bogdańska M, Ziółkowski J, Nowacka-Cieciura E, Foroncewicz B, Pileri SA, Durlik M, Paczek L, Krawczyk M, Wasiutyński A: Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder: morphological picture and diagnostic difficulties. Transplant Proc; 2006 Jan-Feb;38(1):168-72
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  • Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) is a well-known complication of both solid organ and bone marrow transplantation.
  • Among the lymphomas, we observed three diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); one mantle lymphoma; and one Hodgkin lymphoma-like PTLD.
  • In the one case of plasmacytic hyperplasia, the lymph node morphology was atypical with atrophy of lymphoid components accompanying plasma cell proliferation.
  • The most difficult case was a rare Hodgkin lymphoma-like PTLD, which was diagnosed only by a bone marrow biopsy.
  • Because of its noncharacteristic immunophenotype, it was primarily diagnosed as an anaplastic lymphoma of the T-cell type.
  • After additional immunohistochemical studies (BOB and OCT2), we established the final diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma-like PTLD.
  • [MeSH-major] Heart Transplantation / adverse effects. Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects. Liver Transplantation / adverse effects. Lymphoproliferative Disorders / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD / immunology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hodgkin Disease / diagnosis. Humans. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Time Factors


33. Maruyama D, Watanabe T, Beppu Y, Kobayashi Y, Kim SW, Tanimoto K, Makimoto A, Kagami Y, Terauchi T, Matsuno Y, Tobinai K: Primary bone lymphoma: a new and detailed characterization of 28 patients in a single-institution study. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2007 Mar;37(3):216-23
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  • [Title] Primary bone lymphoma: a new and detailed characterization of 28 patients in a single-institution study.
  • BACKGROUND: The incidence of primary bone lymphoma (PBL) is so rare that many of its aspects remain unknown.
  • Although 19 (68%) patients had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), other histopathological subtypes (three B-lymphoblastic lymphoma, two anaplastic large cell lymphoma, two indolent B-cell lymphoma, one NK/T-cell lymphoma (NTCL) and one Hodgkin lymphoma) were also included.
  • While 68% of patients had stage IV disease, none of them showed bone marrow involvement at their initial diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Hodgkin Disease / pathology. Humans. Lymphoma, B-Cell / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17472971.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3621
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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34. Naeem S, Bukhari MH, Khurshid I, Hameed A: Bone marrow involvement in systemic ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma: morphological resemblance with Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2006 Feb;16(2):148-9
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  • [Title] Bone marrow involvement in systemic ALK+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma: morphological resemblance with Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Diagnosis of anaplastic large cell lymphoma was made on lymph node biopsy and confirmed by immunohistochemistry using a panel of monoclonal antibodies including ALK-1.
  • Bone marrow aspiration revealed the presence of large lymphoma cells and trephine biopsy showed interstitial involvement.
  • All these features resulted in a strong resemblance of the morphology with Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Activin Receptors, Type II / metabolism. Bone Marrow / pathology. Hodgkin Disease / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anaplasia. Biopsy, Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male

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  • (PMID = 16499814.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.11.30 / ACVRL1 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.30 / Activin Receptors, Type II
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35. Feldman AL, Law M, Remstein ED, Macon WR, Erickson LA, Grogg KL, Kurtin PJ, Dogan A: Recurrent translocations involving the IRF4 oncogene locus in peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Leukemia; 2009 Mar;23(3):574-80
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  • [Title] Recurrent translocations involving the IRF4 oncogene locus in peripheral T-cell lymphomas.
  • In contrast to myeloid and B-cell neoplasms, translocations in peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) are poorly understood.
  • IRF4 translocations exist in myeloma and some B-cell lymphomas, but have not been reported earlier in PTCLs.
  • Two cases with t(6;14)(p25;q11.2) had translocations between IRF4 and the T-cell receptor-alpha (TCRA) locus.
  • Both were cytotoxic PTCLs, unspecified (PTCL-Us) involving bone marrow and skin.
  • In total, 8 of the remaining 10 cases were cutaneous anaplastic large-cell lymphomas (ALCLs) without TCRA rearrangements (57% of cutaneous ALCLs tested).
  • Cytotoxic PTCL-Us involving bone marrow and skin and containing IRF4/TCRA translocations might represent a distinct clinicopathologic entity.
  • Detecting these translocations may be useful in lymphoma diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 18987657.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA097274; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA097274-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA97274
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interferon Regulatory Factors; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta; 0 / interferon regulatory factor-4
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS70248; NLM/ PMC2656414
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36. Flatland B, Fry MM, Newman SJ, Moore PF, Smith JR, Thomas WB, Casimir RH: Large anaplastic spinal B-cell lymphoma in a cat. Vet Clin Pathol; 2008 Dec;37(4):389-96
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  • [Title] Large anaplastic spinal B-cell lymphoma in a cat.
  • A left axillary mass was identified, and the results of fine needle aspiration cytology indicated malignant round cell neoplasia of possible histiocytic origin.
  • The cells were large, had marked anisocytosis and anisokaryosis, occasional bi- and multinucleation, and cytoplasmic vacuolation.
  • Postmortem examination revealed spinal cord compression and an extradural mass at the C1-C2 spinal segment, with neoplastic cells in the adjacent vertebral bodies, surrounding skeletal muscle, left axillary lymph node, and bone marrow from the right femur.
  • The initial histologic diagnosis was anaplastic sarcoma, but immunohistochemical results indicated the cells were CD20+ and CD45R+ and CD3-, compatible with a diagnosis of B-cell lymphoma.
  • Clonality of the B-cell population could not be demonstrated using PCR testing for antigen receptor gene rearrangement.
  • To the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of a feline spinal anaplastic B-cell lymphoma exhibiting bi- and multinucleated cells.
  • The prognostic significance of this cell morphology and immunophenotype is unknown.

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  • [CommentIn] Vet Clin Pathol. 2008 Dec;37(4):360-2 [19055569.001]
  • (PMID = 19055573.001).
  • [ISSN] 0275-6382
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Clin Pathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Lowe EJ, Sposto R, Perkins SL, Gross TG, Finlay J, Zwick D, Abromowitch M, Children's Cancer Group Study 5941: Intensive chemotherapy for systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma in children and adolescents: final results of Children's Cancer Group Study 5941. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2009 Mar;52(3):335-9
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  • [Title] Intensive chemotherapy for systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma in children and adolescents: final results of Children's Cancer Group Study 5941.
  • BACKGROUND: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is characterized by advanced disease at presentation (70-80% of pediatric cases) and accounts for 10-15% of all childhood lymphomas.
  • METHODS: CCG-5941 used a compressed aggressive multiagent T-cell lineage chemotherapy regimen consisting of a 3-week induction therapy (vincristine, prednisone, cyclophosphamide, daunomycin, asparaginase) followed by a 3-week consolidation period (vincristine, prednisone, etoposide, 6-thioguanine, cytarabine, asparaginase, methotrexate) followed by six courses of maintenance chemotherapy at 7-week intervals (cyclophosphamide, 6-thioguanine, vincristine, prednisone, doxorubicin, asparaginase, methotrexate etoposide, cytarabine).
  • Extranodal disease was common (mediastinum 35%, skin 15%, lung 14%, bone 12%, bone marrow 13%, liver 6%, and other viscera 17%).
  • Relapse occurred early with 17 (81%) relapses occurring within 2 years of diagnosis and 12 (57%) while receiving therapy.
  • Univariate analysis for risk factors only identified bone marrow involvement predicting lower EFS (P = 0.03).


38. Farkash EA, Ferry JA, Harris NL, Hochberg EP, Takvorian RW, Zuckerman DS, Sohani AR: Rare lymphoid malignancies of the breast: a report of two cases illustrating potential diagnostic pitfalls. J Hematop; 2009;2(4):237-44
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  • Breast involvement by lymphoma is uncommon and poses challenges in diagnosis.
  • The first case, ALK-negative anaplastic large-cell lymphoma involving a seroma associated with a breast implant, is an emerging clinicopathologic entity.
  • Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma has been identified in association with breast implants and seroma formation relatively recently.
  • The second case, hairy cell leukemia involving the breast and ipsilateral axillary sentinel lymph node, is, to our knowledge, the first reported case of hairy cell leukemia involving the breast at the time of diagnosis.
  • While a localized bone lesion was present at time of diagnosis, bone marrow involvement was relatively mild in comparison to that seen in the breast and lymph node.
  • In the first case, lymphoma occurred in a clinical setting where malignancy was unsuspected, highlighting the importance of careful morphologic evaluation of paucicellular samples, as well as awareness of rare clinicopathologic entities, in avoiding a misdiagnosis of a benign inflammatory infiltrate.
  • Knowledge of the patient's concurrent diagnosis of hairy cell leukemia involving the bone marrow and bone helped avoid a misdiagnosis of carcinoma rather than lymphoma.

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  • (PMID = 20309431.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-5785
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hematopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hematop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2798933
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Anaplastic large cell lymphoma / Anaplastic lymphoma kinase / Breast / Breast implant / Hairy cell leukemia / Primary breast lymphoma / Seroma / T-cell neoplasm
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39. Tong H, Ren Y, Qian W, Xiao F, Mai W, Meng H, Jin J: Clinicopathological study on peripheral T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with bone marrow involvement: a retrospective analysis from China. Int J Hematol; 2009 Oct;90(3):303-10
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  • [Title] Clinicopathological study on peripheral T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with bone marrow involvement: a retrospective analysis from China.
  • We reviewed 173 patients with an initial diagnosis of peripheral T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (PTCL) and compared the patients with bone marrow involvement (BMI) to those without to have a better understanding of the clinical characteristics, treatments, survival and prognosis of PTCLs with BMI.
  • We found that 40% (70/173) of the patients had BMI, and its frequency was 64% in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (TCL), 46% in PTCL unspecified, 29% in anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma, 23% in extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma and 13% in enteropathy-type TCL.
  • In the BMI group, 36% of patients had lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (LAHS), compared with 8% of the patients without BMI (8/103, P < 0.001).
  • The median survival time of the 14 patients subjected to chemotherapy combined with L: -asparaginase was 365 days and that of the 7 patients undergoing hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was 575 days.
  • We conclude that patients with PTCLs with BMI on initial diagnosis usually have hemaphagocytic syndrome and poor prognosis.
  • Patients with anemia on initial diagnosis in the BMI group usually have poor prognosis than those without.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Bone Marrow / pathology. Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic / drug therapy. Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology


40. Tong H, Ren Y, Liu H, Xiao F, Mai W, Meng H, Qian W, Huang J, Mao L, Tong Y, Wang L, Qian J, Jin J: Clinical characteristics of T-cell lymphoma associated with hemophagocytic syndrome: comparison of T-cell lymphoma with and without hemophagocytic syndrome. Leuk Lymphoma; 2008 Jan;49(1):81-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical characteristics of T-cell lymphoma associated with hemophagocytic syndrome: comparison of T-cell lymphoma with and without hemophagocytic syndrome.
  • T-cell lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (T-LAHS) has been frequently reported in Asian countries and is considered with extremely poor prognosis.
  • To summarize its clinical characteristics and explore its early diagnosis and treatment, we retrospectively analyzed the records of 113 patients with aggressive T cell lymphoma, of which 28 were associated with LAHS.
  • According to WHO classification (2001), 22 cases were classified into peripheral T-cell lymphoma (unspecified), 2 into extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, and 4 into systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma.
  • The elevating rates of serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) (100% vs. 55%), ferritin (100% vs. 64%), fasting triglycerides (79% vs. 43%), and hypofibrinogen (43% vs. 14%) levels were higher in the LAHS group than in the no-LAHS group (P < 0.05), so were bone marrow involvement (57% vs. 32%, P < 0.05) and liver dysfunction (40% vs. 13%, P < 0.05).
  • Repeating biopsies of multiple parts of bone marrow may help diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / complications. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Bone Marrow Examination. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 18203016.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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