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1. Majores M, von Lehe M, Fassunke J, Schramm J, Becker AJ, Simon M: Tumor recurrence and malignant progression of gangliogliomas. Cancer; 2008 Dec 15;113(12):3355-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: The authors analyzed their experience with 4 recurrent/progressive GGs (World Health Organization [WHO] grade I), 21 tumors with atypical features (WHO grade II), and 5 tumors with anaplastic histologic features (WHO grade III).
  • Clinical presentation (drug-resistant epilepsy vs all other patients with seizures vs no seizures) was associated significantly with better OS (P = .005) and PFS (P < .001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The current data supported a 3-tiered GG histopathologic grading system that included an intermediate diagnostic category (atypical GG, WHO grade II).
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18988291.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Naydenov E, Tzekov C, Minkin K, Nachev S, Marinov M: [Malignant progression of an anaplastic ganglioglioma into a glioblastoma multiforme--report on two cases and review of the literature]. Khirurgiia (Sofiia); 2009;(2-3):69-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Malignant progression of an anaplastic ganglioglioma into a glioblastoma multiforme--report on two cases and review of the literature].
  • INTRODUCTION: Ganglioglioma is an uncommon type of primary brain tumors.
  • We present two cases ofhistologically confirmed anaplastic ganglioglioma in which malignant progression into a glioblastoma multiforme was seen.
  • The tumor was excised partially and the histological result was anaplastic ganglioglioma (World Health Organization - WHO. gr. III).
  • The patient was symptom-free for one year taking her anticonvulsant medications.
  • IV glioma). The patient improved after the procedure.
  • The patient died after one month, 23 months after her initial diagnosis.
  • The histological result was anaplastic ganglioglioma (WHO gr. ILL).
  • She was seizure-free taking her anticonvulsant medications.
  • 20 months after the initial diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Glioblastoma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology


3. Shibahara I, Kumabe T, Kanamori M, Saito R, Sonoda Y, Watanabe M, Iwata R, Higano S, Takanami K, Takai Y, Tominaga T: Imaging of hypoxic lesions in patients with gliomas by using positron emission tomography with 1-(2-[18F] fluoro-1-[hydroxymethyl]ethoxy)methyl-2-nitroimidazole, a new 18F-labeled 2-nitroimidazole analog. J Neurosurg; 2010 Aug;113(2):358-68
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A new hypoxia imaging agent, 1-(2-[(18)F]fluoro-1-[hydroxymethyl]ethoxy)methyl-2-nitroimidazole (FRP-170), with higher image contrast and faster clearance than preexisting hypoxia tracers for PET, was used to visualize hypoxic tissues in 8 patients with glioma.
  • METHODS: The FRP-170 was injected and PET imaging was performed 2 hours later in 8 patients, including 3 with glioblastoma multiforme, 2 with oligodendroglioma, and 1 each with diffuse astrocytoma, anaplastic ganglioglioma, and recurrent anaplastic astrocytoma.
  • Tissues obtained at biopsy or radical resection were immunostained with hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) antibody for the confirmation of hypoxia, except in the patient with recurrent anaplastic astrocytoma who was treated using Gamma Knife surgery.
  • RESULTS: The FRP-170 PET images showed marked uptake with upregulation of HIF-1alpha in the 3 glioblastomas multiforme, and moderate uptake in the recurrent anaplastic astrocytoma and one oligodendroglioma, but no uptake in the other tumors.

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  • (PMID = 19895196.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosurg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carbon Isotopes; 0 / FRP-170; 0 / HIF1A protein, human; 0 / Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit; 0 / Nitroimidazoles; 0 / Protons; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; AE28F7PNPL / Methionine
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4. Luyken C, Blümcke I, Fimmers R, Urbach H, Elger CE, Wiestler OD, Schramm J: The spectrum of long-term epilepsy-associated tumors: long-term seizure and tumor outcome and neurosurgical aspects. Epilepsia; 2003 Jun;44(6):822-30
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  • PURPOSE: To describe the histologic spectrum and clinical characteristics of patients with neuroepithelial tumors and drug-resistant epilepsy and to analyze clinical data and treatment related to seizure outcome and survival.
  • Histologic examination revealed 154 classic epilepsy-associated tumors (ganglioglioma, dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor, pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma, and pilocytic astrocytomas) and 53 others (astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas).
  • Four World Health Organization (WHO) grade III tumors were found (astrocytoma, n = 3; ganglioglioma, n = 1).
  • None of the four patients with anaplastic tumors died.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Astrocytoma / pathology. Astrocytoma / surgery. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Ganglioglioma / pathology. Ganglioglioma / surgery. Hippocampus / pathology. Hippocampus / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Prospective Studies. Supratentorial Neoplasms / pathology. Supratentorial Neoplasms / surgery. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 12790896.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-9580
  • [Journal-full-title] Epilepsia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epilepsia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Apel-Sarid L, Cochrane DD, Steinbok P, Byrne AT, Dunham C: Microfibrillar collagen hemostat-induced necrotizing granulomatous inflammation developing after craniotomy: a pediatric case series. J Neurosurg Pediatr; 2010 Oct;6(4):385-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This agent has been widely used to control hemorrhage at surgery, and especially during pediatric neurosurgeries at the authors' institution.
  • RESULTS: Case 1 is that of a 10-year-old girl whose diagnosis was a right temporal lobe ganglioglioma, classified as WHO Grade I.
  • Case 2 is that of a 9-year-old boy whose diagnosis was a left parietal lobe anaplastic ependymoma, classified as WHO Grade III.
  • Finally, Case 3 is that of a 15-year-old girl whose diagnosis was focal cortical dysplasia Type IIA affecting the left occipital lobe.
  • A conservative treatment approach to this type of inflammatory lesion appears to be the most appropriate management strategy.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / surgery. Collagen / adverse effects. Craniotomy / adverse effects. Ganglioglioma / surgery. Granuloma, Foreign-Body / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20887115.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0715
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neurosurg Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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