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1. Galanis I, Dragoumis D, Tsolakis M, Zarampoukas K, Zarampoukas T, Atmatzidis K: Obstructive ileus due to a giant fibroepithelial polyp of the anus. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Aug 7;15(29):3687-90
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Obstructive ileus due to a giant fibroepithelial polyp of the anus.
  • Fibroepithelial polyps or hypertrophied anal papillae are essentially skin tags that project up from the dentate line and the junction between the skin and the epithelial lining of the anus.
  • An extremely rare case of a giant hypertrophied anal papilla complicated by obstructive ileus is reported.
  • Fibroepithelial anal polyp, despite its size, should be included in the differential diagnosis of a smooth mass located near the anal verge, especially in a patient with a history of chronic anal irritation or infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / complications. Ileus / etiology. Intestinal Polyps / complications. Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 19653351.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2721247
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2. Papadopoulos IN, Danias N, Zoumpouli CK: Fibroepithelial polyp in an anal fistulous track: a sign of chronic pathology. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fibroepithelial polyp in an anal fistulous track: a sign of chronic pathology.
  • Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibroepithelial polyps are benign acquired polypoid lesions of the anal canal.
  • The development and protrusion of a fibroepithelial polyp in an anal fistulous track is described.
  • This is a rare physical sign of chronic anal pathology.

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  • [ErratumIn] BMJ Case Rep. 2010;2010:doi/10.1136/bcr.08.2009.2169corr1. Zoumpouli, Christine K [added]
  • (PMID = 22242043.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3027388
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3. Thomson M, Venkatesh K, Elmalik K, van der Veer W, Jaacobs M: Double balloon enteroscopy in children: diagnosis, treatment, and safety. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Jan 7;16(1):56-62

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Double balloon enteroscopy in children: diagnosis, treatment, and safety.
  • METHODS: Fourteen patients (10 males) with a median age of 12.9 years (range 8.1-16.7) underwent DBE; 5 for Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJ syndrome), 2 for chronic abdominal pain, 4 for obscure gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, 2 with angiomatous malformations (1 blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome) having persistent GI bleeding, and 1 with Cowden's syndrome with multiple polyps and previous intussusception.
  • Seven patients had both antegrade (trans-oral) and retrograde (trans-anal and via ileostomy) examinations.
  • Polyps were detected and successfully removed in all 5 patients with PJ syndrome, in a patient with tubulo-villous adenoma of the duodenum, in a patient with significant anemia and occult bleeding, and in a patient with Cowden's syndrome.
  • A diagnosis was made in a patient with multiple angiomata not amenable to endotherapy, and in 1 with a discrete angioma which was treated with argon plasma coagulation.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestinal Diseases / therapy. Intestine, Small / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20039449.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2799917
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4. Liu J, Yao J, Summers RM: Scale-based scatter correction for computer-aided polyp detection in CT colonography. Med Phys; 2008 Dec;35(12):5664-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scale-based scatter correction for computer-aided polyp detection in CT colonography.
  • CT colonography (CTC) is a feasible and minimally invasive method for the detection of colorectal polyps and cancer screening.
  • Computer-aided detection (CAD) of polyps can improve consistency and sensitivity of virtual colonoscopy interpretation and reduce interpretation burden.
  • This pseudoenhancement phenomenon presents a problem for the application of computer-aided polyp detection, especially when polyps are submerged in the contrast agents.
  • There were 50 colonoscopy-confirmed polyps measuring 6-9 mm.
  • Visual evaluation indicated that the method reduced CT attenuation of pseudoenhanced polyps to the usual polyp Hounsfield unit range without affecting luminal air regions.
  • For polyps submerged in contrast agents, the sensitivity of CAD with correction is increased 24% at a rate of ten false-positive detections per scan.
  • For all polyps within 6-9 mm, the sensitivity of the authors' CAD with scatter correction is increased 8% at a rate of ten false-positive detections per scan.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / diagnostic imaging. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Automation. Colonoscopy / methods. Contrast Media / pharmacology. False Positive Reactions. Humans. Pattern Recognition, Automated. Polyps. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Reproducibility of Results. Scattering, Radiation

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  • (PMID = 19175123.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CL040003-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS84353; NLM/ PMC2644449
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5. Zhu H, Liang Z, Pickhardt PJ, Barish MA, You J, Fan Y, Lu H, Posniak EJ, Richards RJ, Cohen HL: Increasing computer-aided detection specificity by projection features for CT colonography. Med Phys; 2010 Apr;37(4):1468-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This study aims to develop projection-based features which characterize true and false positives to increase the specificity while maintaining high sensitivity in detecting colonic polyps.
  • METHODS: In this study, two-dimensional projection images are obtained from each initial polyp candidate or volume of interest, and features are extracted from both the gray and color projection images to differentiate FPs from true positives.
  • These projection features were tested to exclude different types of FPs, such as haustral folds, rectal tubes, and residue stool using a database of 325 patient studies (from two different institutions), which includes 556 scans at supine and/or prone positions with 347 polyps and masses sized from 5 to 60 mm.
  • The experimental evaluation was conducted for large polyps (> or = 10 mm) and medium-sized polyps (5-9 mm) separately.
  • RESULTS: For large polyps, the additional usage of the projection features reduces the FP rate from 5.31 to 1.92 per scan at the comparable by-polyp sensitivity level of 93.1%.
  • For medium-sized polyps, the FP rate is reduced from 8.89 to 5.23 at the sensitivity level of 80.6%.
  • The percentages of FP reduction are 63.9% and 41.2% for the large and medium-sized polyps, respectively, without sacrificing detection sensitivity.
  • CAD of colonic polyps is supposed to help radiologists to improve their performance in interpreting computed tomographic colonography images.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / diagnostic imaging. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods

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  • (PMID = 20443468.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA120917; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA120917; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA120917
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2848845
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6. Summers RM: Polyp size measurement at CT colonography: what do we know and what do we need to know? Radiology; 2010 Jun;255(3):707-20
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  • [Title] Polyp size measurement at CT colonography: what do we know and what do we need to know?
  • Polyp size is a critical biomarker for clinical management.
  • Larger polyps have a greater likelihood of being or of becoming an adenocarcinoma.
  • To balance the referral rate for polypectomy against the risk of leaving potential cancers in situ, sizes of 6 and 10 mm are increasingly being discussed as critical thresholds for clinical decision making (immediate polypectomy versus polyp surveillance) and have been incorporated into the consensus CT Colonography Reporting and Data System (C-RADS).
  • Polyp size measurement at optical colonoscopy, pathologic examination, and computed tomographic (CT) colonography has been studied extensively but the reported precision, accuracy, and relative sizes have been highly variable.
  • This review summarizes current best practices for polyp size measurement, describes the role of automated size measurement software, discusses how to manage the measurement uncertainties, and identifies areas requiring further research.

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  • [Cites] Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2008 Feb;6(2):220-7 [18237871.001]
  • [Cites] Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2008 Mar;37(1):25-46, v [18313538.001]
  • (PMID = 20501711.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1315
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiology
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / CLC NIH HHS / CL / Z01 CL040003
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 76
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2875919
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7. Gupta PJ: A study of the symptomatology of hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps. Bratisl Lek Listy; 2005;106(1):30-3
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  • [Title] A study of the symptomatology of hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps.
  • BACKGROUND: The presence of Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps are often ignored in proctology practice.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in 136 patients with chronic anal fissure having concomitant hypertrophied anal papillae or fibrous anal polyps.
  • After relieving sphincter spasm by sphincterotomy, the polyps or papillae were destroyed using the radio frequency device.
  • A comparison was made for the associated complaints like pruritus, pricking sensation, wetness, crawling sensation in the anus etc. before and after the removal of papillae or polyps by an independent observer blinded to the procedure.
  • There was significant reduction in pruritus (p=0.0003), discharge per anus (p=0.0006), crawling sensation in the anus (p=0.0004) and that of incomplete evacuation (p=0.001) At the follow up after 18 months, only 9 % of patients had recurrence of either anal fissure or symptoms like pruritus.
  • CONCLUSION: This study establishes that removal of hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous polyps should be carried on a routine basis during surgical treatment of anal fissure.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15869011.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-9248
  • [Journal-full-title] Bratislavské lekárske listy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bratisl Lek Listy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
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8. Duncan JE, McNally MP, Sweeney WB, Gentry AB, Barlow DS, Jensen DW, Cash BD: CT colonography predictably overestimates colonic length and distance to polyps compared with optical colonoscopy. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2009 Nov;193(5):1291-5
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  • [Title] CT colonography predictably overestimates colonic length and distance to polyps compared with optical colonoscopy.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the discrepancy between CT colonography (CTC) and optical colonoscopy (OC) measurements for both anus-to-cecum length and anus-to-polyps distance and then determine whether a conversion factor could be generated to equate these CTC and OC distances.
  • The anus-to-cecum measurement recorded on a single proprietary CTC workstation was compared with the OC cecal length for each patient.
  • Likewise, anus-to-polyp distances were compared as measured by the radiologist and endoscopist.
  • RESULTS: Three hundred thirty-eight patients and 437 polyps were identified with complete data from both CTC and same-day OC.
  • The average anus-to-cecum distance measured at CTC was 189 cm (range, 75-257 cm) and at OC, 108 cm (range, 65-150 cm).
  • For polyps proximal to the splenic flexure (n = 145), the CTC anus-to-polyp measurement was on average 1.7 times that measured at OC.
  • For left-sided polyps (n = 292), the CTC measurement was, on average, within 12 cm or 1.3 times that of the OC anus-to-polyp measurement.
  • All the differences between CTC and OC measurements of cecal length and polyp distances were found to be statistically significant using a paired Student's t test of means (p < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSION: Anus-to-cecum and anus-to-polyp distances are disparate but comparable using a conversion factor of 0.57 for the CTC anus-to-cecum measurement and 0.59 for right-sided CTC anus-to-polyp or 0.78 for left-sided CTC anus-to-polyp measurements.
  • These anus-to-polyp conversion factors could potentially augment current CTC guidelines for accurate and precise polyp localization and removal at endoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Colonoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Anal Canal / radiography. Colon / pathology. Colon / radiography. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Retrospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Nov;193(5):1289-90 [19843743.001]
  • (PMID = 19843744.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Sweetser S, Alexander GL, Boardman LA: A case of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome presenting with adenomatous and inflammatory colon polyps. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2010 Aug;7(8):460-4
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  • [Title] A case of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome presenting with adenomatous and inflammatory colon polyps.
  • DIAGNOSIS: Cronkhite-Canada syndrome.
  • Removal of all visible polyps from the anal verge to 25 cm endoscopically by snare polypectomy or with hot biopsy forceps, followed by subtotal colectomy with end-to-side ileorectostomy.

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  • (PMID = 20628344.001).
  • [ISSN] 1759-5053
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature reviews. Gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 0 / Histamine H2 Antagonists; 0 / Vitamins; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
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10. Barreda B F, Combe G J, Valdez P LA, Sánchez L J: [Clinical aspects in polyps of the colon]. Rev Gastroenterol Peru; 2007 Apr-Jun;27(2):131-47
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  • [Title] [Clinical aspects in polyps of the colon].
  • INTRODUCTION: The colonics polyps according to their number, size, location, age of presentation and mainly, according to their histology, have the potentiality of malignant degeneration, which makes of a continuous study and pursuit susceptible.
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relation between the histologic type of the colon polyps, its location, the degree of dysplasia, the size, its possible commitment by carcinoma, the age, sex and the handling that has occurred them, in a series of 684 patients of the National Institute of Enfermedades Neoplásicas (INEN) between the 1 of January from 1974 to the 31 of March of the 2004.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The revision of clinical histories of 840 patients with the diagnosis of colon polyp was made who attended the service of Gastroenterology of the INEN between the 1 of January from 1974 to the 31 of March of 2004 and a card predesigned for each clinical history filled.
  • 1162 resecteds polyps evaluated themselves in this period.
  • 156 patients by diagnosis related to cancer and familiar adenomatouspoliposis did not include themselves.
  • The final sample was of 684 patients, in whom it was 1057 polyps.
  • Other endoscopic findings were: internal hemorrhoids (172), colonic diverticulosis (50), anal fissure (4), and nonspecific ulcerative colitis (2).
  • RESULTS: 1057 polyps extirpated, by means of the endoscopy polipectomy were 1016, with colectomy were 32 and with transanal resection without colectomy they 9.
  • Within the histology of the 1057 polyps, 331 was briefed (31.3%) that were hyperplasic, 448 (42.4%) adenomas, 278 (26.3%) others and 35 (8.2%) adenocarcinomas on adenomas.
  • Adenocarcinoma (carcinomas on adenomas), was present mainly in polyps villous type, with dysplasia severe and greater to 10 mm.
  • Nevertheless, in smaller polyps of 5mm with dysplasia severe, was a polyp invaded by cancer, that represents the 0,8% of millimetric polyps.
  • The made handling was mainly endoscopic, with 96% of the resected polyps this way, also slogan transanal resection and segmental colonic resection.
  • The colectomy was necessary in 3% of all the made interventions, dysplasia severe or carcinoma was made in adenomatous polyps with, and in greater percentage in greater polyps of 20 mm (53%).
  • On the other hand, in polyps with level of invasion Haggitt 3 and 4, the colectomy was the election treatment.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The Evaluation of colonic polyps in INEN is predominantly by endoscopy.
  • The polyps are more frequent over the 50 years and have preferred location in the left colon.
  • All polyps, from the millimetric ones, including the hyperplasic, must be considered marks of neoplasia and extirpated in its totality.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / pathology. Colonic Polyps / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17712391.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-5129
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Peru
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Peru
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11. Ohmiya N, Taguchi A, Shirai K, Mabuchi N, Arakawa D, Kanazawa H, Ozeki M, Yamada M, Nakamura M, Itoh A, Hirooka Y, Niwa Y, Nagasaka T, Ito M, Ohashi S, Okamura S, Goto H: Endoscopic resection of Peutz-Jeghers polyps throughout the small intestine at double-balloon enteroscopy without laparotomy. Gastrointest Endosc; 2005 Jan;61(1):140-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endoscopic resection of Peutz-Jeghers polyps throughout the small intestine at double-balloon enteroscopy without laparotomy.
  • This study evaluated the usefulness of this method for the resection of small-intestinal Peutz-Jeghers polyps.
  • METHODS: Two patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome underwent nonsurgical double-balloon enteroscopic resection of polyps throughout the small intestine.
  • OBSERVATIONS: Multiple polyps in the jejunum were successfully resected via the oral route, as were the polyps in the ileum via the anal route.
  • All 18 polyps (10-60 mm in size) were resected without subsequent bleeding or perforation.
  • Histopathologically, 3 large polyps (>30 mm diameter) were hamartomas with adenomatous components.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Double-balloon enteroscopy was safe and useful for the diagnosis and the treatment of Peutz-Jeghers polyps throughout the small intestine.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheterization. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Polyps / etiology. Intestinal Polyps / therapy. Intestine, Small. Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome / complications

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  • (PMID = 15672077.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Ciriza de Los Ríos C, Tomás Moro E, García Durán F, Alvarez Sánchez J, Bermejo San José F, Valer López-Fando P, Carneros Martín JA, Piqueras Alcol B, Rodríguez Agulló JL: [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyps: a rare cause of rectal bleeding]. Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2007 Oct;30(8):461-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyps: a rare cause of rectal bleeding].
  • Inflammatory cloacogenic polyps are infrequent lesions that usually arise in the anorectal zone.
  • Two cases of rectal bleeding related to cloacogenic polyps with different endoscopic appearance are reported.
  • Endoscopists should be familiar with this entity, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis with other polypoid lesions observed in colonoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anal Canal. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17949613.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-5705
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterología y hepatología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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13. Pirog EC, Quint KD, Yantiss RK: P16/CDKN2A and Ki-67 enhance the detection of anal intraepithelial neoplasia and condyloma and correlate with human papillomavirus detection by polymerase chain reaction. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Oct;34(10):1449-55
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  • [Title] P16/CDKN2A and Ki-67 enhance the detection of anal intraepithelial neoplasia and condyloma and correlate with human papillomavirus detection by polymerase chain reaction.
  • The classification of anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) in mucosal biopsies is subject to considerable interobserver variability.
  • The aim of this study was to determine whether Ki-67 and p16/CDKN2A immunolabeling enhanced diagnostic accuracy in the assessment of anal mucosal biopsies from patients with suspected human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
  • The study consisted of 75 cases that were originally interpreted to represent normal anal transitional zone (n=15), fibroepithelial polyp (n=10), condyloma accuminatum (n=10), low-grade AIN (AIN1, n=20), and high-grade AIN (n=20), including 10 cases each of AIN2 and AIN3.
  • Thus, the final study group consisted of 17 samples of normal anal transition zone, 14 fibroepithelial polyps, 6 condylomata accuminata, and 38 cases of AIN (11 AIN1, 16 AIN2, and 11 AIN3).
  • None of the anal transition zone samples or fibroepithelial polyps showed Ki-67 or p16/CDKN2A staining.
  • We conclude that Ki-67 labeling detects anal HPV-related changes with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity, whereas increased p16/CDKN2A staining is strongly associated with high-grade squamous neoplasia.
  • These results indicate that a combination of these markers may aid interpretation of anal mucosal biopsy samples.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoma in Situ / diagnosis. Condylomata Acuminata / diagnosis. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / metabolism. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Papillomaviridae / isolation & purification. Papillomavirus Infections / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Biopsy. Colonic Polyps / metabolism. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Colonic Polyps / virology. DNA Probes, HPV. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Precancerous Conditions / diagnosis. Precancerous Conditions / metabolism. Precancerous Conditions / virology. Predictive Value of Tests. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20871219.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / DNA Probes, HPV; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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14. Plum N, May AD, Manner H, Ell C: [Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: endoscopic detection and treatment of small bowel polyps by double-balloon enteroscopy]. Z Gastroenterol; 2007 Oct;45(10):1049-55
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  • [Title] [Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: endoscopic detection and treatment of small bowel polyps by double-balloon enteroscopy].
  • INTRODUCTION: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is characterised by a combination of hamartomatous gastrointestinal polyps and mucocutaneous melanin pigmentation.
  • The polyps occur mainly in the small bowel and can lead to intestinal obstruction, intussusception and bleeding.
  • Until only a few years ago, primary surgical resection and intraoperative endoscopy and polypectomy were the only available means of treating polyps in the mid-small bowel in these patients.
  • The size, number and location of the diagnosed and endoscopically resected small-bowel polyps were documented as were all complications associated with the examination or treatment.
  • RESULTS: A total of 47 DBE-procedures were performed (oral approach 39, anal approach 8).
  • The examinations revealed a total of 178 polyps.
  • 47 polyps were removed by endoscopic polypectomy on the grounds of their size and/or gross appearance.
  • The largest small-bowel polyp resected was 50 mm (min.
  • CONCLUSION: DBE is a safe and reliable procedure for the diagnosis of small-bowel polyps in patients with PJS.
  • In addition to macroscopic assessment and biopsy of suspicious areas, it permits the exact localisation as well as preoperative marking of polyps that are primary candidates for surgery.
  • DBE revolutionises the therapeutic options for polyps in the region of the mid-small bowel and limits the indications for primary surgical management.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / surgery. Intestine, Small / pathology. Intestine, Small / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17924301.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-2771
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Gastroenterol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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15. Sotoudehmanesh R, Ainechi S, Asgari AA, Kolahdoozan S: Endoscopic lesions in low-to average-risk patients with minimal bright red bleeding from midline anal fissures. How much should we go in? Tech Coloproctol; 2007 Dec;11(4):340-2
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  • [Title] Endoscopic lesions in low-to average-risk patients with minimal bright red bleeding from midline anal fissures. How much should we go in?
  • BACKGROUND: Anal fissure is a common condition in young patients, and the main symptoms include anal pain and bleeding.
  • Our aim was to determine the need to perform lower gastrointestinal endoscopy on patients with midline anal fissure who present with minimal bright red rectal bleeding and who are at low risk for colorectal neoplasia.
  • METHODS: Patients with midline anal fissure who reported small amounts of red blood on toilet paper, toilet bowl or stool after defecation were evaluated.
  • Adenomatous polyps were found in 4 cases (3.0%), ulcerative colitis in 8 (6.0%) and Crohn's disease in one patient (0.7%).
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Fissure in Ano / complications. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Sigmoidoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Prognosis. Prospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Severity of Illness Index

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  • [ISSN] 1123-6337
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
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16. Ewertsen C, Svendsen CB, Svendsen LB, Mogensen AM: [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyp]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2008 Aug 25;170(35):2708
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  • [Title] [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyp].
  • [Transliterated title] Inflammatorisk kloakogen polyp.
  • We present a case of inflammatory cloacogenic polyp in a 28-year-old man who had suffered from intermittent rectal bleeding for four years.
  • A colonoscopy showed anal polyps.
  • The patient had no previous medical history and had no known family history of polyps.
  • Histopathology showed changes in the colonic mucous membrane consistent with the diagnosis inflammatory cloacogenic polyp, no dysplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Male. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18761864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1603-6824
  • [Journal-full-title] Ugeskrift for laeger
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ugeskr. Laeg.
  • [Language] dan
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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17. Goto H: Diagnosis and treatment of small bowel diseases are advanced by capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy. Clin J Gastroenterol; 2010 Oct;3(5):219-25

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diagnosis and treatment of small bowel diseases are advanced by capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy.
  • DBE, which was developed by Yamamoto, employs two balloons combined with an overtube and allows deeper insertion into the small bowel, and can be a modality for examination of the entire small bowel with combined oral and anal approaches.
  • This modality enables biopsy specimens to be taken, polyps to be resected and hemostatic procedures to be performed throughout the small bowel.
  • The understanding of small bowel disease is being extended by using CE and DBE for diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 26190324.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-7257
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Capsule endoscopy / Double-balloon enteroscopy / Small bowel
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18. Calva-Rodríguez R, González-Palafox MA, Rivera-Domínguez ME, García-Salazar JM, Calva-Cerqueira Bc D: [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyp]. Rev Gastroenterol Mex; 2007 Oct-Dec;72(4):371-5
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  • [Title] [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyp].
  • INTRODUCTION: Cloacogenic Polyps are characterized by the presence of inflammatory lesions in the lower rectum, and the anal transition zone.
  • The polyps can prolaps; this is due to the malfunction of the internal anal sphincter; and the smooth muscle that covers the rectum.
  • 85% lesions are located above the anal border and predominantly in the anterior lateral wall.
  • The polyps vary in size from 3-4 cm in diameter, and have a sessile appearance.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This entity of colon polyps is somewhat rare, and is seen in young adults; however its presence in infancy requires that we think of this entity when we formulate our differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18595326.001).
  • [ISSN] 0375-0906
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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19. Lakatos PL, Fuszek P, Horvath HC, Zubek L, Haller P, Papp J: Double-balloon enteroscopy for the diagnosis and treatment of obscure bleeding, inflammatory bowel diseases and polyposis syndromes: we see more but do we know more? Hepatogastroenterology; 2008 Jan-Feb;55(81):133-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Double-balloon enteroscopy for the diagnosis and treatment of obscure bleeding, inflammatory bowel diseases and polyposis syndromes: we see more but do we know more?
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our aim was to report our experience with the Fujinon EN-450 T5 therapeutic double-balloon endoscope (DBE) in the diagnosis of small bowel diseases.
  • METHODOLOGY: Between August 2005 and October 2006, 52 DBE procedures were conducted on 47 consecutive patients (M/F: 22/25, age: 51.6 SD 19.5 years) presenting at our tertiary referral hospital (35 and 7 patients from oral and anal route, respectively; 5 patients from both).
  • In patients with polyposis syndromes, polyps were in two Peutz-Jeghers patients, while a further patient with suspected stenosis was diagnosed with primary adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestinal Diseases / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Equipment Design. Female. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / surgery. Humans. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / diagnosis. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / surgery. Intestinal Polyposis / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyposis / surgery. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18507092.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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20. Kita H, Yamamoto H, Yano T, Miyata T, Iwamoto M, Sunada K, Arashiro M, Hayashi Y, Ido K, Sugano K: Double balloon endoscopy in two hundred fifty cases for the diagnosis and treatment of small intestinal disorders. Inflammopharmacology; 2007 Apr;15(2):74-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Double balloon endoscopy in two hundred fifty cases for the diagnosis and treatment of small intestinal disorders.
  • Total enteroscopy was successfully achieved by the combination of both oral and anal approaches in 55 out of 71 cases in whom total enteroscopy was intended.
  • Of 250 patients, ulcerative and/or erosive lesions were found in 49 cases and tumors/polyps were found in 49 cases.
  • Double balloon enteroscopy is both feasible and useful technique for the diagnosis as well as treatment of small intestinal disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestine, Small / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17450446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-4692
  • [Journal-full-title] Inflammopharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inflammopharmacology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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21. Juhn E, Khachemoune A: Gardner syndrome: skin manifestations, differential diagnosis and management. Am J Clin Dermatol; 2010;11(2):117-22
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  • [Title] Gardner syndrome: skin manifestations, differential diagnosis and management.
  • Gardner syndrome is a variant of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and results in the manifestation of numerous external and internal symptoms including gastrointestinal polyps, osteomas, tumors, and epidermoid cysts.
  • Fortunately, Gardner syndrome has characteristic polyps in the colon, osteomas, and also exhibits abnormalities in the retinal epithelium that discern it from others.
  • Surgery is the most effective method of management for Gardner syndrome; restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis with mucosectomy is the top choice for colonic malignancies, and skin manifestations can be treated through a variety of excisions and therapy depending on location, size, and number of malignancies.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / genetics. Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / diagnosis. Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Genetic Counseling / methods. Humans. Mutation

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  • (PMID = 20141232.001).
  • [ISSN] 1175-0561
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Clin Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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22. Shin LK, Poullos P, Jeffrey RB: MR colonography and MR enterography. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am; 2010 Apr;20(2):323-46
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  • Virtual colonoscopy (VC), also known as computed tomography colonography, is an effective method for detecting polyps.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Colon / pathology. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Reproducibility of Results

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  • [Copyright] Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • (PMID = 20451820.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-1950
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 108
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23. Bader FG, Bouchard R, Keller R, Mirow L, Czymek R, Habermann JK, Fritsch H, Bruch HP, Roblick UJ: [Progress in diagnostics of anorectal disorders. Part I: anatomic background and clinical and neurologic procedures]. Chirurg; 2008 May;79(5):401-9
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  • Three-dimensional endosonography and technical advances in flexible endoscopy using high-resolution chromoendoscopy and narrow-band imaging enable exact staging and diagnosis, even of malignancies in earliest stages.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Diseases / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / pathology. Anal Canal / physiopathology. Electromyography. Endosonography. Evoked Potentials, Motor / physiology. Fecal Incontinence / diagnosis. Fecal Incontinence / physiopathology. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / physiopathology. Neoplasm Staging. Proctoscopy. Rectum / pathology. Rectum / physiopathology. Spinal Nerve Roots / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 18414817.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 39
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24. Röttgen R, Fischbach F, Plotkin M, Herzog H, Freund T, Schröder RJ, Felix R: Colon dissection: a new three-dimensional reconstruction tool for computed tomography colonography. Acta Radiol; 2005 May;46(3):222-6
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  • PURPOSE: To improve the sensitivity of computed tomography (CT) colonography in the detection of polyps by comparing the 3D reconstruction tool "colon dissection" and endoluminal view (virtual colonoscopy) with axial 2D reconstructions.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients (22 M, 26 F, mean age 57 +/- 21) were studied after intra-anal air insufflation in the supine and prone positions using a 16-slice helical CT (16 x 0.625 mm, pitch 1.7; detector rotation time 0.5 s; 160 mAs und 120 kV) and conventional colonoscopy.
  • RESULTS: Conventional colonoscopy revealed a total of 35 polyps in 15 patients; 33 polyps were disclosed by CT methods.
  • Sensitivity and specificity for detecting colon polyps were 94% and 94%, respectively, when using the "colon dissection", 89% and 94% when using "virtual endoscopy", and 62% and 100% when using axial 2D reconstruction.
  • Sensitivity in relation to the diameter of colon polyps with "colon dissection", "virtual colonoscopy", and axial 2D-slices was: polyps with a diameter >5.0 mm, 100%, 100%, and 71%, respectively; polyps with a diameter of between 3 and 4.9 mm, 92%, 85%, and 46%; and polyps with a diameter < 3 mm, 89%, 78%, and 56%.
  • The difference between "virtual endoscopy" and "colon dissection" in diagnosing polyps up to 4.9 mm in diameter was statistically significant.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / radiography. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods

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  • (PMID = 15981716.001).
  • [ISSN] 0284-1851
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
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25. Gu GL, Wang SL, Wei XM, Bai L: Diagnosis and treatment of Gardner syndrome with gastric polyposis: a case report and review of the literature. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Apr 7;14(13):2121-3
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  • [Title] Diagnosis and treatment of Gardner syndrome with gastric polyposis: a case report and review of the literature.
  • We present a case of a 23-year-old female patient with GS who presented with gastric polyposis and was successively treated with restorative proctocolectomy in combination with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (RPC/ IPAA), ileostomy, ileostomy closure operation, snare polypectomy during 8 mo.
  • [MeSH-major] Gardner Syndrome / diagnosis. Polyps / diagnosis. Stomach Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18395919.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Plant Extracts
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2701539
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26. El-Khayat HA, El-Hodhod MA, Abd El-Basset FZ, Tomoum HY, El-Safory HA, Hamdy AM: Rectal bleeding in Egyptian children. Ann Trop Paediatr; 2006 Dec;26(4):337-44
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  • Others included colorectal polyps (21.1%), chronic colitis (16%) including inflammatory bowel diseases (5.2%), allergic colitis (2.6%), solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (1.5%) and non-specific colitis (6.7%).
  • Intussusception and Meckel's diverticulae were the cause in 7.3% and 2.6%, respectively, while other aetiologies included vascular (6.2%), systemic (3.6%), local anal (3.1%) and upper gastro-intestinal causes (1.5%).
  • CONCLUSION: In Egyptian children, infectious enterocolitis followed by colorectal polyps and chronic colitis are major causes of BPR.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Age Factors. Bacterial Infections / complications. Bacterial Infections / diagnosis. Child. Child, Preschool. Chronic Disease. Colitis / complications. Colitis / diagnosis. Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive System. Diarrhea / complications. Enterocolitis / complications. Enterocolitis / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Infant. Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / complications. Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyps / complications. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Male. Prospective Studies. Rectum

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  • (PMID = 17132299.001).
  • [ISSN] 0272-4936
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of tropical paediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Trop Paediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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27. Moore JS, Cataldo PA, Osler T, Hyman NH: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery is more effective than traditional transanal excision for resection of rectal masses. Dis Colon Rectum; 2008 Jul;51(7):1026-30; discussion 1030-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Carcinoma in Situ / surgery. Colonic Polyps / surgery. Colonoscopy / methods. Microsurgery / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anal Canal. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18481147.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Choi H, Choi KY, Eun CS, Jang HJ, Park DI, Chang DK, Kim JO, Ko BM, Lee MS, Huh KC, Han DS, Byeon JS, Yang SK, Kim JH, Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases: Korean experience with double balloon endoscopy: Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases multi-center study. Gastrointest Endosc; 2007 Sep;66(3 Suppl):S22-5
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  • INTERVENTIONS: Subjects underwent 311 procedures with DBE via the oral and/or anal routes.
  • CONCLUSIONS: DBE is safe and useful for diagnosis and treatment of a variety of small-bowel diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Diarrhea / etiology. Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestine, Small
  • [MeSH-minor] Capsule Endoscopy. Chronic Disease. Diagnosis, Differential. Equipment Design. Feasibility Studies. Humans. Intestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Korea. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Treatment Outcome. Ulcer / diagnosis. Ulcer / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17709024.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Solaz Moreno E, Vallalta Morales M, Silla Búrdalo G, Cervera Miguel JI, Díaz Beveridge R, Rayón Martín JM: [Primary melanoma of the rectum: an infrequent neoplasia with an atypical presentation]. Clin Transl Oncol; 2005 May;7(4):171-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The main clinical presentations are local symptoms such as rectal bleeding, anal mass or pain, or a change in bowel habits.
  • The tumour is frequently mistaken for benign conditions as haemorrhoids or rectal polyps.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15960927.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Transl Oncol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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30. Maser EA, Present DH: Pouch-ouch. Curr Opin Gastroenterol; 2008 Jan;24(1):70-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For patients who require colectomy, the ileal pouch anal anastomosis operation has alleviated the need for permanent ileostomy and has improved associated self-esteem issues.
  • This review highlights the most recent research in the pathophysiology, risk factors, diagnosis and management of pouchitis, and pouch surveillance for neoplasia in patients who had ulcerative colitis.
  • Cancer in the residual rectal mucosa, in the ileal mucosa, and in pouch polyps occurs frequently enough to warrant surveillance.
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Monitoring, Physiologic. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / physiopathology. Postoperative Complications / therapy. Precancerous Conditions / pathology. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 18043236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-7056
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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31. Cai W, Zalis ME, Näppi J, Harris GJ, Yoshida H: Structure-analysis method for electronic cleansing in cathartic and noncathartic CT colonography. Med Phys; 2008 Jul;35(7):3259-77
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  • Evaluation of the quality of the cleansing based on polyps and folds in a colon phantom, as well as on polyps in clinical cathartic and noncathartic CTC cases with fluid and stool tagging, showed that our structure-analysis cleansing method is significantly superior to that of our previous thresholding-based EC method.
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Colonoscopy / methods. Contrast Media / pharmacology. Feces. Humans. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Models, Statistical. Normal Distribution. Phantoms, Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. X-Rays

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  • (PMID = 18697551.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095279; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA095279; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095279
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cathartics; 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2809717
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32. Gupta PJ: Feasibility of day care surgery in proctology. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis; 2006 Dec;15(4):359-62
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Rectal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The procedures included hemorrhoidectomy, anal fistulotomy, sphincterotomy, and removal of rectal polyps, pilonidal sinotomy and anal stricturotomy.
  • However, an appropriate diagnosis of the disease, proper selection of the patients with respect to their suitability for surgery and a round-the-clock availability of patient communication with the nursing staff are a must for the successful outcome of the procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Ambulatory Surgical Procedures. Anus Diseases / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures. Rectal Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17205148.001).
  • [ISSN] 1842-1121
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases : JGLD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gastrointestin Liver Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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33. Rifat Mannan AA, Kahvic M, Bharadwaj S, Grover VK: Gastric heterotopia of the anus: report of two rare cases and review of the literature. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2008 Apr-Jun;51(2):240-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Gastric heterotopia of the anus: report of two rare cases and review of the literature.
  • We report two cases of gastric heterotopia in the anus - one, in a 55-year-old man; and the other, in a 35-year-old woman.
  • Sigmoidoscopy showed presence of a single sessile anal polyp in the first patient and hemorrhoid in the other.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / pathology. Choristoma / pathology. Gastric Mucosa

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  • (PMID = 18603693.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Number-of-references] 9
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34. Pérez-Cuadrado E, Más P, Hallal H, Shanabo J, Muñoz E, Ortega I, López Martín A, Torrella E, López Higueras A, Martín A, Carballo F: Double-balloon enteroscopy: a descriptive study of 50 explorations. Rev Esp Enferm Dig; 2006 Feb;98(2):73-81

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: We carried out enteroscopy studies in 44 patients by the oral route and, in 6 additional patients, by both the oral and anal routes.
  • We reached the ileon with the oral route in all cases but one (jejunal stenosis), and in 4 cases out of 7 with the anal route, with an average duration of 73 minutes.
  • We treated 19 patients with angiodysplasia (1 to 20 synchronous lesions) with argon, and 4 patients with polyps using polipectomy (sporadic polyps or Peutz-Jeghers syndrome).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Double-balloon enteroscopy is a useful and effective technique in the diagnosis and treatment of small intestine diseases, thus complementing capsule endoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestine, Small / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2006 Feb;98(2):65-8, 69-72 [16566638.001]
  • (PMID = 16566639.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-0108
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Enferm Dig
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Capsules
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35. Ye H, Montgomery E, Epstein JI: Incidental anorectal pathologic findings in prostatic needle core biopsies: a 13-year experience from a genitourinary pathology consult service. Hum Pathol; 2010 Dec;41(12):1674-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • (1) Neoplasia and polyps (n = 10).
  • Other neoplastic findings included 1 with low-grade B-cell lymphoma, 3 with hyperplastic polyps, 3 with tubular adenomas, and 1 with anal mucosa with high-grade dysplasia that was found to be a contaminant from another case. (2) Inflammatory changes (n = 20).
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / diagnosis. Incidental Findings. Prostatic Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / pathology. Adenoma / surgery. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Referral and Consultation

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20869745.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Martino P, Martino D, Palazzo S, Altomare DF, Garofalo L, Battaglia M, Selvaggi FP: Incidental discovery of ano-rectal disease during transrectal ultrasound performed for prostatic disease. Arch Ital Urol Androl; 2005 Mar;77(1):37-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In 132 cases (27%) it was shown to be a false positive, mainly due to imperfect cleansing of the anal canal; in 284 cases (58%) benign disease was demonstrated (hemorrhoids in 192 patients, abscesses in 21, perianal fistulas in 18, inflamed lymph nodes in 27, polyps in 16).
  • It can be concluded that transrectal US does not permit a certain diagnosis of the nature of rectal disease, but does raise a diagnostic suspicion that can orient the surgeon to schedule more invasive diagnostic investigations.

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  • (PMID = 15906788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1124-3562
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia : organo ufficiale [di] Societa italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Ital Urol Androl
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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37. Felt-Bersma RJ, Cazemier M: Endosonography in anorectal disease: an overview. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl; 2006;(243):165-74
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Rectal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • It was first used to evaluate rectal tumours and later also to investigate benign disorders of the anal sphincters and pelvic floor.
  • AE has been used for almost every possible disorder in the anal region and has increased our insight into anal pathology.
  • Studies comparing AE with endoanal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have shown that both methods are equally good for demonstrating defects in the external anal sphincter; the internal anal sphincter is better visualized with AE.
  • In low tubulovillous adenomas or malignant polyps considered removable locally, confirming the local resectability (T0 or T1) is mandatory.
  • 4. Anal carcinoma for staging.
  • In conclusion, AE images the internal and external anal sphincter with high accuracy.
  • It is easy to perform and is of particular value in the diagnosis of anal incontinence and perianal fistulae.
  • It is excellent in staging anal carcinoma and can also be used in staging rectal carcinoma, especially very low large malignant polyps.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / ultrasonography. Endosonography. Rectal Diseases / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 16782637.001).
  • [ISSN] 0085-5928
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology. Supplement
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Gastroenterol. Suppl.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Number-of-references] 119
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38. May A, Nachbar L, Ell C: Double-balloon enteroscopy (push-and-pull enteroscopy) of the small bowel: feasibility and diagnostic and therapeutic yield in patients with suspected small bowel disease. Gastrointest Endosc; 2005 Jul;62(1):62-70
ClinicalTrials.gov. clinical trials - ClinicalTrials.gov .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • On average, 240 +/- 100 cm of the small bowel was visualized by using the oral route and 140 +/- 90 cm was visualized by using the anal route.
  • The main diagnosis was angiodysplasia (40/109; 37%); erosions and ulcerations of various etiologies were found in 27% (29/109).
  • Polyps and tumors were identified, including malignancy, in 25% (27/109).
  • Visualization and tissue sampling are possible in the entire small bowel by using the oral and anal approaches, and treatment is possible in the same way as in standard endoscopy, avoiding open surgery.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Equipment Design. Feasibility Studies. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] Gastrointest Endosc. 2005 Jul;62(1):71-5 [15990822.001]
  • (PMID = 15990821.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Linguraru MG, Zhao S, Van Uitert RL, Liu J, Fletcher JG, Manduca A, Summers RM: CAD of colon cancer on CT colonography cases without cathartic bowel preparation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc; 2008;2008:2996-9
NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems must show sufficient versatility to produce robust analysis on a large variety of data.
  • This procedure introduces additional challenges for the diagnosis, such as poorly tagged stool, stool sticking to colonic walls, and heterogeneous stool (tagged stool mixed with air or untagged stool).
  • Colonoscopy data are automatically cleansed of residual stool to enhance the polyp appearance for improved diagnosis.
  • Results show stool removal accuracy on polyps which are partially or fully covered by stool.
  • The automatic detection of colon polyps using our CAD system on cathartic-free data improves considerably with the addition of the automatic stool removal module from 74% to 86% true positive (TP) rate at 6.4 false positives (FP)/case.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / diagnostic imaging. Colon / pathology. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods. Pattern Recognition, Automated / methods

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  • [Cites] Med Image Anal. 2001 Sep;5(3):195-206 [11524226.001]
  • [Cites] Radiology. 2003 May;227(2):378-84 [12732696.001]
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  • (PMID = 19163336.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-170X
  • [Journal-full-title] Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z99 CL999999
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Laxatives
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS69939; NLM/ PMC2630581
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40. Mönkemüller K, Weigt J, Treiber G, Kolfenbach S, Kahl S, Röcken C, Ebert M, Fry LC, Malfertheiner P: Diagnostic and therapeutic impact of double-balloon enteroscopy. Endoscopy; 2006 Jan;38(1):67-72
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Gastrointestinal Bleeding.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: Seventy DBE procedures were carried out in 53 patients (34 men, 19 women; mean age 60 years, range 24 - 80) by the oral route in 46 cases and the anal route in 24.
  • The indications for the examination were gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 29), suspected Crohn's disease (n = 6), abdominal pain (n = 4), polyp removal or evaluation in polyposis syndromes (n = 6), chronic diarrhea (n = 4), and surveillance or tumor search (n = 4).
  • A new diagnosis was obtained in 26 of the 53 patients (49 %).
  • The findings in the 70 procedures were angiodysplasia (n = 13), ulcerations or erosions (n = 5), jejunitis or ileitis (n = 5), tumors (n = 5), stenosis (n = 4), polyps (n = 5), lymphangiectasias (n = 4), Crohn's disease (n = 4), and normal (n = 17).
  • CONCLUSION: In almost two-thirds of the patients examined, DBE was clinically useful for obtaining a new diagnosis and starting new treatments, changing existing treatments, carrying out surgical intervention, or providing therapeutic endoscopy.
  • DBE is a useful and safe method of obtaining tissue for diagnosis, providing hemostasis, and carrying out polypectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Crohn Disease / diagnosis. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Angiodysplasia / diagnosis. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Female. Hemostasis, Surgical. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • [CommentIn] Gastroenterology. 2006 Sep;131(3):969-71 [16952572.001]
  • (PMID = 16429357.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-726X
  • [Journal-full-title] Endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endoscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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41. Nikpour S, Ali Asgari A: Colonoscopic evaluation of minimal rectal bleeding in average-risk patients for colorectal cancer. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Nov 14;14(42):6536-40
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colorectal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Neoplastic polyps, colorectal carcinoma, and IBD were defined as significant lesions.
  • Hemorrhoids (54.2%), anal fissures (14.2%) and ulcerative colitis (14.2%) were the most common lesions and colonoscopy was normal in 8.0%.
  • Significant lesions were found in 121 (30.1%) patients, including 26 patients (6.5%) with adenocarcinoma and 30 (7.5%) with adenomatous polyps.
  • Almost all patients with significant lesions had at least one lesion in the distal colon; an adenocarcinoma and an adenomatous polyp in the proximal colon were found in 2 patients with hemorrhoids.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenomatous Polyps / diagnosis. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemorrhage / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Colitis, Ulcerative / complications. Colitis, Ulcerative / diagnosis. Female. Fissure in Ano / complications. Fissure in Ano / diagnosis. Hemorrhoids / complications. Hemorrhoids / diagnosis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Patient Selection. Predictive Value of Tests. Prevalence. Prospective Studies. Rectum. Risk Assessment. Sigmoidoscopy. Young Adult


42. Oncel M, Church JM, Remzi FH, Fazio VW: Colonic surgery in patients with juvenile polyposis syndrome: a case series. Dis Colon Rectum; 2005 Jan;48(1):49-55; discussion 55-6
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Juvenile polyposis syndrome.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: Juvenile polyposis syndrome is characterized by multiple hamartomatous polyps in the large intestine.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the surgical options in juvenile polyposis syndrome patients who present with symptomatic colonic polyps.
  • The following data were abstracted: demographics, the number and site of the polyps, symptoms, the intervals and types of the colonic operation, follow-up, and the patients' current status.
  • RESULTS: There were 13 patients (6 males) with a median age of 10 years (range, 1-50 years) at the time of diagnosis.
  • Patients had colonic (n = 13), rectal (n = 12), and gastric (n = 6) polyps.
  • Therefore, eight patients had their rectum removed during the study period; five had an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, one had a Koch pouch as a restorative surgery, and two had an end ileostomy.
  • No relation was observed between the number of colonic and rectal polyps and the type of surgery or the need for proctectomy.
  • During this period, one patient (20 percent) who underwent restorative proctectomy and 4 patients (80 percent) whose rectums were preserved required multiple endoscopic polypectomies for recurrent polyps in the pouch (first patient) or their rectums (the other four patients).
  • The patient who underwent the Koch procedure required surgery for recurrent polyps in her pouch.
  • The number of colonic or rectal polyps does not influence the choice of the surgical procedure.
  • Both restorative proctocolectomy and subtotal colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis need endoscopic follow-up because of the high recurrence rates of juvenile polyps in the remnant rectum or pouch.

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  • (PMID = 15690657.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Wang S, Li L, Cohen H, Mankes S, Chen JJ, Liang Z: An EM approach to MAP solution of segmenting tissue mixture percentages with application to CT-based virtual colonoscopy. Med Phys; 2008 Dec;35(12):5787-98
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - CT Scans.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Contrast Media / pharmacology. Early Detection of Cancer. Equipment Design. Humans. Intestines / pathology. Models, Statistical. Models, Theoretical

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  • [Cites] IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 2000 Dec;19(12):1220-6 [11212370.001]
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  • (PMID = 19175136.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA120917-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402-06; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402-04A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA120917; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA120917; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA120917-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA120917
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS74380; NLM/ PMC2633412
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44. Winter L, Bruhn H, Langrehr J, Neuhaus P, Felix R, Hänninen LE: Magnetic resonance imaging in suspected rectal cancer: determining tumor localization, stage, and sphincter-saving resectability at 3-Tesla-sustained high resolution. Acta Radiol; 2007 May;48(4):379-87
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  • Transverse T2-weighted fast spin-echo images compared superiorly to all other sequences for the diagnosis of mesorectal infiltration and lymph node involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / surgery. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenomatous Polyps / diagnosis. Adenomatous Polyps / pathology. Adenomatous Polyps / surgery. Aged. Contrast Media. Cytomegalovirus Infections / diagnosis. Fascia / pathology. Humans. Image Enhancement / methods. Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Preoperative Care. Proctitis / diagnosis. Proctitis / virology. Prospective Studies. Rectum / pathology. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17453515.001).
  • [ISSN] 0284-1851
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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45. von Roon AC, Tekkis PP, Clark SK, Heriot AG, Lovegrove RE, Truvolo S, Nicholls RJ, Phillips RK: The impact of technical factors on outcome of restorative proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis. Dis Colon Rectum; 2007 Jul;50(7):952-61
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  • Primary outcomes were major complications, pouch function, and neoplastic transformation in the anal transitional zone.
  • The incidence of polyps at the anal transitional zone was lower with handsewn than with stapled anastomosis (19 vs. 38 percent; P=0.047).
  • Handsewn ileoanal anastomosis with mucosectomy seems to reduce the incidence of subsequent neoplasia in the anal transitional zone but does not eliminate the risk of cancer.


46. Jeon J, Meza R, Moolgavkar SH, Luebeck EG: Evaluation of screening strategies for pre-malignant lesions using a biomathematical approach. Math Biosci; 2008 May;213(1):56-70
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  • We apply these expressions to simulate the natural history of colorectal cancer and to evaluate the effect of a screen for adenomatous polyps and concomitant intervention on cancer risk.

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  • [ISSN] 0025-5564
  • [Journal-full-title] Mathematical biosciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Math Biosci
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA107028-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA047658; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107028; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107028-04
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  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS50592; NLM/ PMC2442130
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47. Jin HY, Ye H, Wu KL, Zhu Y, Zhang JH, Liu P, Zhang TE, Ding YJ: [Indications for colonoscopy examination and its disease distribution: a report of 5690 cases]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2006 May;9(3):214-6
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  • The reasons for colonoscopy included hemafecia (26.9%), atypical abdominal pain (25.8%), diarrhea or increased frequency of stool (11.1%), anal tenesmus or discomfort (7.6%), constipation (7.0%),mucous or bloody purulent stool (3.0%), intra-rectal mass or abdominal mass on physical examination (0.9%), re- examination after colonoscopic polypectomy (10.9%), re-examination after operation for colorectal cancer(1.5%), simple health examination (2.2%).
  • Among them,colorectal cancer accounted for 10.3%, colorectal polyps 19.6%, ulcerative colitis 4.3%, and Crohn's disease 0.5% respectively.
  • Colonoscopy should be performed in the cases with symptoms such as bloody stool, diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, or with colorectal polyps, after operation for colorectal cancer,or as members of hereditary colorectal cancer family.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Diseases / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Early Diagnosis. Female. Humans. Ileocecal Valve. Male. Middle Aged. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 16721680.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-0274
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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48. Shen R, Tao L, Xu Y, Chang S, Van Brocklyn J, Gao JX: Reversibility of aberrant global DNA and estrogen receptor-alpha gene methylation distinguishes colorectal precancer from cancer. Int J Clin Exp Pathol; 2009;2(1):21-33
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  • However, the significance of epigenetic changes for diagnosis and/or prognosis of colorectal cancer have not been established, although it has been extensively investigated.
  • Herein we show that global DNA hypomethylation and ER-alpha gene hypermethylation are progressively enhanced from hyperplastic polyps (HPs) --> adenomatous polyps (APs) --> adenomatous carcinoma (AdCa).

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  • (PMID = 18830381.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-2625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Clin Exp Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; DNA methylation / Precancer / cancer progression / colorectal cancer / epigenetic / estrogen receptor-α / nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs / tumor initiation
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49. Kuhne HP, Göller T, Schneider I, Bozkurt T, Becker HP: [Unclear per anum bleeding during pregnancy]. Chirurg; 2005 Aug;76(8):765-8
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  • Rectoscopy showed the cause to be a polyp the size of a fingertip 9 cm from the anus.
  • About 1 year later, the same patient experienced sharp pains and anal bleeding during defecation.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Melena / etiology. Neuroendocrine Tumors / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications / etiology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis. Puerperal Disorders / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Intestinal Mucosa / surgery. Lymphatic Metastasis. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Pregnancy. Rectum / pathology. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15971036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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50. Orbell J, West NJ: Improving detection of colorectal cancer. Practitioner; 2010 Oct;254(1733):17-21, 2-3
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  • Adenomas are more common with age and one in four of the population aged over 50 will develop one or more polyps, with 10% of these polyps progressing to cancer over time.
  • Rectal bleeding in the absence of anal symptoms occurs in over 60% of those with cancer, and a palpable rectal mass with or without tenesmus is present in 40-80% of those with rectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21141248.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-6518
  • [Journal-full-title] The Practitioner
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Practitioner
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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51. Moussata D, Nancey S, Lapalus MG, Prost B, Chavaillon A, Bernard G, Ponchon T, Saurin JC: Frequency and severity of ileal adenomas in familial adenomatous polyposis after colectomy. Endoscopy; 2008 Feb;40(2):120-5
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  • BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The high cumulative risk of colorectal cancer in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) justifies prophylactic colectomy with either ileorectal (IRA) or ileal-pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA).
  • All patients were followed with a standardized procedure including chromoscopy and biopsies of visible polyps.
  • RESULTS: In the IPAA group, 18/23 patients (78 %) presented with visible polyps [histology: 16 (70 %) had adenoma with low-grade dysplasia; 1 (4 %) had adenoma with high-grade dysplasia; 1 had normal mucosa].
  • The mean interval between colectomy and the diagnosis of adenoma was 4.7 +/- 3.3 years.
  • In the IRA group, 16/21 patients (77 %) presented visible polyps in the ileal mucosa [adenoma with low-grade dysplasia in 8 patients (38 %), with high-grade dysplasia in 2 (10 %), and lymphoid nodular hyperplasia in 6].
  • The mean interval between colectomy and adenoma diagnosis was significantly shorter in the IPAA than in the IRA group (4.76 +/- 3.3 vs. 16.4 +/- 8.5 years, P< 0.0001).


52. Gupta PJ: Radiofrequency surgery--novel techniques in the treatment of ano-rectal disease. Acta Chir Iugosl; 2006;53(2):23-9
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  • OBJECTIVE: This paper discusses author's clinical experience with radiofrequency for various ano-rectal pathologies namely hemorrhoids, anal fistula, anal polyps, sinuses and anal papillae.
  • [MeSH-minor] Anus Diseases / surgery. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17139880.001).
  • [ISSN] 0354-950X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Iugoslavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir Iugosl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia and Montenegro
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53. Mönkemüller K, Fry LC, Neumann H, Rickes S, Malfertheiner P: [Diagnostic and therapeutic utility of double balloon endoscopy: experience with 225 procedures]. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam; 2007 Dec;37(4):216-23

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  • RESULTS: 225 DBE in 178 patients, (95 males, 83 females; mean age 59 years-old, range 12-93); oral route (n=160), anal (n=65).
  • Indications (one or more per patient): GI bleeding (n=83), suspected Crohn's disease or evaluation of small bowel involvement or complications (n=35), diarrhea or malabsorption or suspected celiac disease (n=11), polyp removal in Peutz-Jeghers' syndrome or familial polyposis (n=23), tumor surveillance or search of primary tumor (n=14), abdominal pain (n=6) and miscellaneous (n=6).
  • The mean depth of insertion via the oral route was 240 cm (range 20 cm to 650 cm) and via the anal route it was 65 cm (range 10 cm a 150 cm).
  • A new diagnosis was reached in 108/178 patients (60%).
  • Findings included: angiodysplasia, ulcerations, stenosis, polyps, portal jejunopathy, ischemic jejunitis and normal.
  • CONCLUSIONS: DBE was clinically useful for reaching a new diagnosis and to start new therapies, change existing therapies, and perform an operative intervention or to provide therapeutic endoscopy in two-thirds of the investigated patients.
  • DBE is a useful and safe method to obtain tissue for diagnosis, to provide hemostasis and to perform polypectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheterization / methods. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis

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  • [CommentIn] Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam. 2007 Dec;37(4):204, 271 [18254254.001]
  • (PMID = 18254259.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9033
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Gastroenterol. Latinoam.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Argentina
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54. Suenaga M, Oya M, Ueno M, Yamamoto J, Yamaguchi T, Mizunuma N, Hatake K, Kato Y, Muto T: Anal canal carcinoma with Pagetoid spread: report of a case. Surg Today; 2006;36(7):666-9

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  • [Title] Anal canal carcinoma with Pagetoid spread: report of a case.
  • A 70-year-old man with a history of colon polyps was found to have a semipedunculated polyp in the anal canal.
  • Histological examination of biopsy specimens revealed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the anal canal.
  • Pathological examination of the anal canal carcinoma revealed submucosally invasive well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with a positive distal surgical margin.
  • Pathological examination revealed continuance within the epidermis between the anal canal adenocarcinoma and Paget's cells in the perianal skin lesion.
  • Thus, we concluded that the perianal skin lesion was Pagetoid spread of anal canal adenocarcinoma.
  • This report shows that the perianal skin should be examined carefully in patients with anal canal carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma. Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16794808.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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55. Barreto-Zuñiga R, Tellez-Avila FI, Chavez-Tapia NC, Ramirez-Luna MA, Sanchez-Cortes E, Valdovinos-Andraca F, Zepeda-Gomez S: Diagnostic yield, therapeutic impact, and complications of double-balloon enteroscopy in patients with small-bowel pathology. Surg Endosc; 2008 May;22(5):1223-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The mean duration of the procedure was 63 (range 20-194) mins and 80 (range 20-150) minutes for the oral and anal routes, respectively.
  • The mean depth of small-bowel insertion was 250 and 200 cm for the oral and anal routes, respectively.
  • Impact in diagnosis and/or treatment was obtained in 50 patients (73.5%).
  • The commonest findings in the 68 patients were angiodysplasia (n = 11), polyps (n = 8), nodular lymphoid hyperplasia (n = 5) and normal (n = 20).
  • CONCLUSION: DBE is a useful tool for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with small-bowel pathology in whom traditional methods have not been effective.
  • In almost two-thirds of patients DBE was clinically useful for diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestinal Diseases / surgery. Intestine, Small / pathology. Intestine, Small / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17943366.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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56. Ramakrishnan K, Scheid DC: Selecting patients for flexible sigmoidoscopy. Determinants of incomplete depth of insertion. Cancer; 2005 Mar 15;103(6):1179-85
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  • Incomplete depth of insertion (IDI) during FS may result in missed polyps and carcinomas.
  • A questionnaire was administered to the patient by the investigator prior to FS to collect data, including age, gender, weight, comorbid illnesses, history of prior abdominal and pelvic surgeries, family history of colon carcinoma or polyps, and prior FS or colonoscopies.
  • The depth of insertion of the flexible sigmoidoscope from the anal verge, which was defined as the reading on the outside of the instrument at its maximal insertion, was measured in centimeters.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sigmoidoscopes. Sigmoidoscopy / methods

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  • (PMID = 15674852.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Ranger-Moore J, Frank D, Lance P, Alberts D, Yozwiak M, Bartels HG, Einspahr J, Bartels PH: Karyometry in rectal mucosa of patients with previous colorectal adenomas. Anal Quant Cytol Histol; 2005 Jun;27(3):134-42
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  • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether karyometric measurements taken in biopsies from histologically normal-appearing rectal mucosa could serve as a biomarker for the risk of recurrence of polyps.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biopsies were taken from the rectal mucosa of cases with a prior history of colonic polyps at the baseline of the study.
  • In 57 cases recurrent polyps occurred (R cases); in 72 cases no recurrent disease was found at the end of the study (NR cases).
  • All cases with a prior history of colonic polyps showed a nuclear abnormality deviating from normal.
  • CONCLUSION: Measurement of a sample of 100 nuclei from the rectal mucosa will suggest, for approximately 10% of cases, that a high risk for recurrence of adenomatous polyps exists and, for a slightly lower proportion, confirm that the nuclei deviate only slightly from those from individuals with no history of colonic polyps.

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  • (PMID = 16121634.001).
  • [ISSN] 0884-6812
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical and quantitative cytology and histology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal. Quant. Cytol. Histol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-41108; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-53877-09
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Cholagogues and Choleretics; 724L30Y2QR / Ursodeoxycholic Acid
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58. Tonus C, Neupert G, Glaser HJ, Stienecker K: [Double balloon enteroscopy. First surgical experience]. Chirurg; 2008 May;79(5):474-80
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  • The approach was oral in 75 cases and anal in 31.
  • RESULTS: Complete small intestine inspection could be performed completely orally in seven of 106 examinations; and in most cases a combined oral/anal approach was required.
  • These included 11 patients with angiodysplasias (14.7%) successfully treated with argon plasma coagulation (APC) and seven patients with small intestinal polyps (9.3%) that could be removed endoscopically.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Gastrointestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Intestinal Obstruction / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Equipment Design. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 18209985.001).
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  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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59. Wilson S, Wakelam MJ, Hobbs RF, Ryan AV, Dunn JA, Redman VD, Patrick F, Colbourne L, Martin A, Ismail T: Evaluation of the accuracy of serum MMP-9 as a test for colorectal cancer in a primary care population. BMC Cancer; 2006 Oct 31;6:258
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Respondents who describe any colorectal symptoms (except only abdominal bloating and/or anal symptoms) and are prepared to provide a blood sample for MMP9 estimation and undergo a colonoscopy (current gold standard investigation) will be recruited at GP based clinics by a research nurse.
  • The accuracy of MMP-9 will be assessed by comparing the MMP-9 level with the colonoscopy findings, and the combination of factors (e.g. symptoms and MMP-9 level) that best predict a diagnosis of malignancy (invasive disease or polyps) will be determined.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / blood. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 / blood

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  • (PMID = 17076885.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / A5103
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1654179
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60. Carlo P, Paolo RF, Carmelo B, Salvatore I, Giuseppe A, Giacomo B, Antonio R: Colonoscopic evaluation of hematochezia in low and average risk patients for colorectal cancer: a prospective study. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Dec 7;12(45):7304-8
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  • Findings were the presence of polyps in the distal colon (n = 2) and IBD in the proximal colon (n = 29) in the group of the younger patients, and polyps (n = 15), IBD (n = 13), and carcinoma (n = 6, 4 of the lesions were located proximal to the splenic flexure) in the elderly.
  • Regarding the patients older than 45 yr, the exploration of the distal colon would have led to our overlooking a carcinoma, two neoplastic polyps and one IBD located in the proximal colon.
  • CONCLUSION: Young patients with scant hematochezia but without risk factors for neoplasia do not need a total colonoscopy, whereas is mandatory performing a total colonoscopy in older patients even in the presence of anal pathology.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonoscopy / methods. Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17143945.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4087487
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61. Summers RM: Improving the accuracy of CTC interpretation: computer-aided detection. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am; 2010 Apr;20(2):245-57
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Computer-aided polyp detection aims to improve the accuracy of the colonography interpretation.
  • Computer-aided polyp detection has developed rapidly in the past decade in the laboratory setting and has sensitivities comparable with those of experts.
  • Computer-aided polyp detection tends to help inexperienced readers more than experienced ones and may also lead to small reductions in specificity.
  • In its currently proposed use as an adjunct to standard image interpretation, computer-aided polyp detection serves as a spellchecker rather than an efficiency enhancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / radiography. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / standards. Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 20451814.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-1950
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CL040003-06
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 80
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS192941; NLM/ PMC2868270
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62. Odofin O, Alexander R, Bowers H, Chave H, Branagan G: Do patients require outpatient follow-up after rapid referral double contrast barium enema? Colorectal Dis; 2009 Sep;11(7):729-32
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Barium Compounds .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Hospital databases were cross-referenced to identify any patients presenting with a new diagnosis of colorectal malignancy between DCBE and April 2007.
  • Diagnoses: cancer 48 (9.2%), polyps 13 (2.5%), colitis 3 (0.6%), no significant pathology 457 (87.7%).
  • Reasons for multiple attendances were management of haemorrhoids/anal fissure or investigations of unrelated symptoms.

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  • (PMID = 18624822.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Barium Compounds
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63. Ell C, May A, Nachbar L, Cellier C, Landi B, di Caro S, Gasbarrini A: Push-and-pull enteroscopy in the small bowel using the double-balloon technique: results of a prospective European multicenter study. Endoscopy; 2005 Jul;37(7):613-6
ClinicalTrials.gov. clinical trials - ClinicalTrials.gov .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The mean time required to carry out the procedure from the oral and anal approaches was 75 +/- 19 min (32 - 150 min).
  • The average insertion depths into the small bowel were 200 +/- 70 cm per PPE session (220 +/- 90 cm with the oral approach and 130 +/- 80 cm with the anal approach).
  • The majority of the patients (34 %) were suffering from angiodysplasias; ulcerations and erosions of various etiologies were seen in 16 %, and polyps and tumors in 13 %.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Digestive System / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestinal Diseases / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16010603.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-726X
  • [Journal-full-title] Endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endoscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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64. Gholam P, Autschbach F, Hartschuh W: Schistosomiasis in an HIV-positive patient presenting as an anal fissure and giant anal polyp. Arch Dermatol; 2008 Jul;144(7):950-2
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - HIV/AIDS in Women.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Schistosomiasis in an HIV-positive patient presenting as an anal fissure and giant anal polyp.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / diagnosis. Fissure in Ano / diagnosis. HIV Infections. Schistosomiasis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Animals. Anthelmintics / administration & dosage. Anthelmintics / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Polyps / diagnosis. Polyps / drug therapy. Polyps / pathology. Polyps / surgery. Praziquantel / administration & dosage. Praziquantel / therapeutic use. Schistosoma mansoni / isolation & purification. Viral Load

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  • (PMID = 18645157.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-3652
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthelmintics; 6490C9U457 / Praziquantel
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65. Maruani A, Bonneau C, Vaur JL, Maitre F: [A peculiar case of anal polyp]. Ann Pathol; 2005 Feb;25(1):69-70
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A peculiar case of anal polyp].
  • [Transliterated title] Un cas particulier de polype anal.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial / pathology. Polyps / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15981938.001).
  • [ISSN] 0242-6498
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pathol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vimentin
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66. Lenhard BH: [Patient information: Hypertrophic (severe) anal papillae]. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges; 2005 Feb;3(2):140
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Patient information: Hypertrophic (severe) anal papillae].
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Patient Education as Topic. Polyps / diagnosis. Polyps / therapy. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Fibroma / diagnosis. Fibroma / etiology. Fibroma / therapy. Humans. Hypertrophy. Practice Patterns, Physicians'

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  • (PMID = 16351018.001).
  • [ISSN] 1610-0379
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft = Journal of the German Society of Dermatology : JDDG
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Dtsch Dermatol Ges
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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67. Thomas C, Mourra N: [Giant fibroepithelial polyp of the anus]. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2009 Oct-Nov;33(10-11):1024-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Giant fibroepithelial polyp of the anus].
  • [Transliterated title] Polype fibroépithélial géant de l'anus: à propos d'un cas.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / pathology. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19773139.001).
  • [ISSN] 0399-8320
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] France
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68. Bouasker I, Khalfallah M, El Ouaer MA, Smaali I, Hani MA, Dziri C: Giant inflammatory fibrous polyp of the anal verge. Tunis Med; 2010 Jun;88(6):449-50
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Giant inflammatory fibrous polyp of the anal verge.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Polyps / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20517861.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
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69. Chan NG, Penswick JL, Labelle E, Driman DK: Ectopic breast tissue presenting as an anal polyp. Can J Surg; 2007 Dec;50(6):E23-4
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ectopic breast tissue presenting as an anal polyp.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / pathology. Breast. Choristoma / pathology

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  • [ISSN] 1488-2310
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian journal of surgery. Journal canadien de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2386226
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