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1. Papadopoulos IN, Danias N, Zoumpouli CK: Fibroepithelial polyp in an anal fistulous track: a sign of chronic pathology. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fibroepithelial polyp in an anal fistulous track: a sign of chronic pathology.
  • Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibroepithelial polyps are benign acquired polypoid lesions of the anal canal.
  • The development and protrusion of a fibroepithelial polyp in an anal fistulous track is described.
  • This is a rare physical sign of chronic anal pathology.

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  • [ErratumIn] BMJ Case Rep. 2010;2010:doi/10.1136/bcr.08.2009.2169corr1. Zoumpouli, Christine K [added]
  • (PMID = 22242043.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3027388
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2. O'Brien DP 4th: Polyps in the ileal pouch. Clin Colon Rectal Surg; 2008 Nov;21(4):300-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Polyps in the ileal pouch.
  • Total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is the operation of choice for patients with familial adenomatous polyposis.
  • With this operation comes the risk of developing ileal pouch polyps.
  • Endoscopic polypectomy of medium and large polyps should be performed.
  • Sulindac is effective in the reduction and often in the elimination of numerous smaller pouch polyps.
  • Future studies are necessary to determine the role of sulindac and other chemotherapeutic agents in preventing the development of these polyps.

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  • (PMID = 20011442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-9681
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinics in colon and rectal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Colon Rectal Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2780248
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Polyps / familial adenomatous polyposis / ileal pouch
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3. Galanis I, Dragoumis D, Tsolakis M, Zarampoukas K, Zarampoukas T, Atmatzidis K: Obstructive ileus due to a giant fibroepithelial polyp of the anus. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Aug 7;15(29):3687-90
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Obstructive ileus due to a giant fibroepithelial polyp of the anus.
  • Fibroepithelial polyps or hypertrophied anal papillae are essentially skin tags that project up from the dentate line and the junction between the skin and the epithelial lining of the anus.
  • An extremely rare case of a giant hypertrophied anal papilla complicated by obstructive ileus is reported.
  • Fibroepithelial anal polyp, despite its size, should be included in the differential diagnosis of a smooth mass located near the anal verge, especially in a patient with a history of chronic anal irritation or infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / complications. Ileus / etiology. Intestinal Polyps / complications. Neoplasms, Fibroepithelial / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 19653351.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2721247
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4. Pranesh N, Haboubi NY, O'Dwyer ST: Pigmented mesenteric lymphadenopathy in familial adenomatous polyposis - an unusual cause of intraoperative abandonment of ileo-anal pouch. Ann R Coll Surg Engl; 2005 Jul;87(4):W1-4
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Peritoneal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pigmented mesenteric lymphadenopathy in familial adenomatous polyposis - an unusual cause of intraoperative abandonment of ileo-anal pouch.
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal dominant condition with near complete penetrance, characterised by the presence of numerous adenomatous polyps of the colon and rectum.
  • We report a unique case of FAP with melanosis pigment in lymph nodes in the small bowel mesentery that initially prevented a restorative proctocolectomy but that resolved following a colectomy, subsequently facilitating formation of an ileo-anal pouch.


5. Gupta PJ: A study of the symptomatology of hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps. Bratisl Lek Listy; 2005;106(1):30-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A study of the symptomatology of hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps.
  • BACKGROUND: The presence of Hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous anal polyps are often ignored in proctology practice.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out in 136 patients with chronic anal fissure having concomitant hypertrophied anal papillae or fibrous anal polyps.
  • After relieving sphincter spasm by sphincterotomy, the polyps or papillae were destroyed using the radio frequency device.
  • A comparison was made for the associated complaints like pruritus, pricking sensation, wetness, crawling sensation in the anus etc. before and after the removal of papillae or polyps by an independent observer blinded to the procedure.
  • There was significant reduction in pruritus (p=0.0003), discharge per anus (p=0.0006), crawling sensation in the anus (p=0.0004) and that of incomplete evacuation (p=0.001) At the follow up after 18 months, only 9 % of patients had recurrence of either anal fissure or symptoms like pruritus.
  • CONCLUSION: This study establishes that removal of hypertrophied anal papillae and fibrous polyps should be carried on a routine basis during surgical treatment of anal fissure.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15869011.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-9248
  • [Journal-full-title] Bratislavské lekárske listy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bratisl Lek Listy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
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6. Ewertsen C, Svendsen CB, Svendsen LB, Mogensen AM: [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyp]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2008 Aug 25;170(35):2708
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyp].
  • [Transliterated title] Inflammatorisk kloakogen polyp.
  • We present a case of inflammatory cloacogenic polyp in a 28-year-old man who had suffered from intermittent rectal bleeding for four years.
  • A colonoscopy showed anal polyps.
  • The patient had no previous medical history and had no known family history of polyps.
  • Histopathology showed changes in the colonic mucous membrane consistent with the diagnosis inflammatory cloacogenic polyp, no dysplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Male. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18761864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1603-6824
  • [Journal-full-title] Ugeskrift for laeger
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ugeskr. Laeg.
  • [Language] dan
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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7. Gupta PJ: Radiofrequency surgery--novel techniques in the treatment of ano-rectal disease. Acta Chir Iugosl; 2006;53(2):23-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Rectal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: This paper discusses author's clinical experience with radiofrequency for various ano-rectal pathologies namely hemorrhoids, anal fistula, anal polyps, sinuses and anal papillae.
  • [MeSH-minor] Anus Diseases / surgery. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17139880.001).
  • [ISSN] 0354-950X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Iugoslavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir Iugosl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia and Montenegro
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8. Liu J, Yao J, Summers RM: Scale-based scatter correction for computer-aided polyp detection in CT colonography. Med Phys; 2008 Dec;35(12):5664-71
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Scale-based scatter correction for computer-aided polyp detection in CT colonography.
  • CT colonography (CTC) is a feasible and minimally invasive method for the detection of colorectal polyps and cancer screening.
  • Computer-aided detection (CAD) of polyps can improve consistency and sensitivity of virtual colonoscopy interpretation and reduce interpretation burden.
  • This pseudoenhancement phenomenon presents a problem for the application of computer-aided polyp detection, especially when polyps are submerged in the contrast agents.
  • There were 50 colonoscopy-confirmed polyps measuring 6-9 mm.
  • Visual evaluation indicated that the method reduced CT attenuation of pseudoenhanced polyps to the usual polyp Hounsfield unit range without affecting luminal air regions.
  • For polyps submerged in contrast agents, the sensitivity of CAD with correction is increased 24% at a rate of ten false-positive detections per scan.
  • For all polyps within 6-9 mm, the sensitivity of the authors' CAD with scatter correction is increased 8% at a rate of ten false-positive detections per scan.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / diagnostic imaging. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Automation. Colonoscopy / methods. Contrast Media / pharmacology. False Positive Reactions. Humans. Pattern Recognition, Automated. Polyps. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Reproducibility of Results. Scattering, Radiation

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  • (PMID = 19175123.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CL040003-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS84353; NLM/ PMC2644449
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9. Duncan JE, McNally MP, Sweeney WB, Gentry AB, Barlow DS, Jensen DW, Cash BD: CT colonography predictably overestimates colonic length and distance to polyps compared with optical colonoscopy. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2009 Nov;193(5):1291-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] CT colonography predictably overestimates colonic length and distance to polyps compared with optical colonoscopy.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the discrepancy between CT colonography (CTC) and optical colonoscopy (OC) measurements for both anus-to-cecum length and anus-to-polyps distance and then determine whether a conversion factor could be generated to equate these CTC and OC distances.
  • The anus-to-cecum measurement recorded on a single proprietary CTC workstation was compared with the OC cecal length for each patient.
  • Likewise, anus-to-polyp distances were compared as measured by the radiologist and endoscopist.
  • RESULTS: Three hundred thirty-eight patients and 437 polyps were identified with complete data from both CTC and same-day OC.
  • The average anus-to-cecum distance measured at CTC was 189 cm (range, 75-257 cm) and at OC, 108 cm (range, 65-150 cm).
  • For polyps proximal to the splenic flexure (n = 145), the CTC anus-to-polyp measurement was on average 1.7 times that measured at OC.
  • For left-sided polyps (n = 292), the CTC measurement was, on average, within 12 cm or 1.3 times that of the OC anus-to-polyp measurement.
  • All the differences between CTC and OC measurements of cecal length and polyp distances were found to be statistically significant using a paired Student's t test of means (p < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSION: Anus-to-cecum and anus-to-polyp distances are disparate but comparable using a conversion factor of 0.57 for the CTC anus-to-cecum measurement and 0.59 for right-sided CTC anus-to-polyp or 0.78 for left-sided CTC anus-to-polyp measurements.
  • These anus-to-polyp conversion factors could potentially augment current CTC guidelines for accurate and precise polyp localization and removal at endoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Colonoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Anal Canal / radiography. Colon / pathology. Colon / radiography. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Retrospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009 Nov;193(5):1289-90 [19843743.001]
  • (PMID = 19843744.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Chatelain D, Mokrani N, Fléjou JF: [Anal and anal margin tumors]. Ann Pathol; 2007 Dec;27(6):459-75
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Anal and anal margin tumors].
  • [Transliterated title] Pathologie tumorale anale et péri-anale.
  • Tumors of the anal canal and anal margin are rare.
  • Benign tumors mainly consist of condylomas, cloacogenic polyps and fibro-epithelial polyps.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18554556.001).
  • [ISSN] 0242-6498
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pathol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 110
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11. Sweetser S, Alexander GL, Boardman LA: A case of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome presenting with adenomatous and inflammatory colon polyps. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2010 Aug;7(8):460-4
NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome presenting with adenomatous and inflammatory colon polyps.
  • DIAGNOSIS: Cronkhite-Canada syndrome.
  • Removal of all visible polyps from the anal verge to 25 cm endoscopically by snare polypectomy or with hot biopsy forceps, followed by subtotal colectomy with end-to-side ileorectostomy.

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  • (PMID = 20628344.001).
  • [ISSN] 1759-5053
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature reviews. Gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 0 / Histamine H2 Antagonists; 0 / Vitamins; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
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12. Suenaga M, Oya M, Ueno M, Yamamoto J, Yamaguchi T, Mizunuma N, Hatake K, Kato Y, Muto T: Anal canal carcinoma with Pagetoid spread: report of a case. Surg Today; 2006;36(7):666-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anal canal carcinoma with Pagetoid spread: report of a case.
  • A 70-year-old man with a history of colon polyps was found to have a semipedunculated polyp in the anal canal.
  • Histological examination of biopsy specimens revealed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the anal canal.
  • Pathological examination of the anal canal carcinoma revealed submucosally invasive well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with a positive distal surgical margin.
  • Pathological examination revealed continuance within the epidermis between the anal canal adenocarcinoma and Paget's cells in the perianal skin lesion.
  • Thus, we concluded that the perianal skin lesion was Pagetoid spread of anal canal adenocarcinoma.
  • This report shows that the perianal skin should be examined carefully in patients with anal canal carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma. Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16794808.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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13. Fiducia G, Gandolfo L, Bosco V: [Protruding isolated rectal and anal neoplastic polyps removed by local transanal excision: our experience with 16 cases]. Chir Ital; 2008 Mar-Apr;60(2):227-32

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Protruding isolated rectal and anal neoplastic polyps removed by local transanal excision: our experience with 16 cases].
  • Local transanal excision as primary treatment of rectal and anal canal adenomas in selected patients is supported by the recent literature.
  • Sixteen patients with low rectal or anal canal neoplastic polyps underwent transanal resection.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyps / surgery. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anal Canal. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18689170.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4773
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia italiana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Ital
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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14. Rousková B, Kuklová P, Skába R, Frantlová M: [Rates and histological characteristics of rectal polyps in childhood]. Rozhl Chir; 2006 Oct;85(10):501-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Rectal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Rates and histological characteristics of rectal polyps in childhood].
  • AIM OF STUDY: To determine a single centre incidence, rate of early and late complications and sequelae and histological characteristics of solitary rectosigmoideal polyps in children.
  • METHODS: Retrospective analysis of hospital charts and histological characteristics of patients operated for rectosigmoideal polyps between January 1995 and December 2005.
  • The presenting symptom was bleeding in 14 pts, anal prolaps once and combination of both symptoms 5 times.
  • The polyps were localized 3-15 cm from anocutaneous border, on the posterior intestinal wall.
  • Histological examination showed a juvenile polyp in 15 (75%) patients, atypical juvenile polyp and inflammatory polyp in 2 patients each and lymphoid polyp in one case.
  • CONCLUSION: Polyps in children are rare, surgical removal of polyps is a relatively easy operation with minimum complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyps. Rectal Diseases

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  • (PMID = 17233176.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Rozhledy v chirurgii : měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rozhl Chir
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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15. Karuppiah SV, Dhaliwal A, Loudon MA: Retrieval of large colonic polyps: simple use of proctoscope. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2007 Dec;17(6):799-801
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Retrieval of large colonic polyps: simple use of proctoscope.
  • Retrieval of polyps during colonoscopic procedures can be technically difficult and time consuming.
  • This is particularly the case when attempting to retrieve large polyps intact through the anal canal of an anxious patient with a hypertonic sphincter.
  • In this paper, we describe a simple technique that permits the complete removal of a large polyp intact by using a readily available theater instrument.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / surgery. Proctoscopes

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  • (PMID = 18158813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-6429
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Schaus BJ, Fazio VW, Remzi FH, Bennett AE, Lashner BA, Shen B: Clinical features of ileal pouch polyps in patients with underlying ulcerative colitis. Dis Colon Rectum; 2007 Jun;50(6):832-8
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  • [Title] Clinical features of ileal pouch polyps in patients with underlying ulcerative colitis.
  • Clinical features, malignant potential, and management of pouch polyps have not been characterized.
  • METHODS: We identified 23 ulcerative colitis patients with large polyps (size> or =1 cm) of the ileal pouch from our 2,512-case ulcerative colitis pouch database.
  • RESULTS: Of the 23 patients, 95.7 percent (22 patients) had pouch endoscopy indicated for the evaluation of symptoms when polyps were detected, and 60.9 percent of patients had the polyps in the pouch, 26.1 percent in the anal transitional zone, and 21.7 percent in the afferent limb.
  • The mean size of pouch polyps was 1.9 cm +/- 1 cm.
  • On histology, 21 patients (91.3 percent) had inflammatory-type polyps, and 2 (8.7 percent) had dysplastic or malignant polyps.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The majority of patients with large ileal pouch polyps were symptomatic.
  • These polyps were typically detected on the background of pouchitis, cuffitis, or Crohn's disease.
  • Although the majority of polyps were inflammatory type, polyps in two patients were dysplastic or malignant.
  • [MeSH-major] Colitis, Ulcerative / surgery. Colonic Pouches. Ileal Neoplasms / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Proctocolectomy, Restorative

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  • (PMID = 17309000.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R03 DK 067275
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Barreda B F, Combe G J, Valdez P LA, Sánchez L J: [Clinical aspects in polyps of the colon]. Rev Gastroenterol Peru; 2007 Apr-Jun;27(2):131-47
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  • [Title] [Clinical aspects in polyps of the colon].
  • INTRODUCTION: The colonics polyps according to their number, size, location, age of presentation and mainly, according to their histology, have the potentiality of malignant degeneration, which makes of a continuous study and pursuit susceptible.
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relation between the histologic type of the colon polyps, its location, the degree of dysplasia, the size, its possible commitment by carcinoma, the age, sex and the handling that has occurred them, in a series of 684 patients of the National Institute of Enfermedades Neoplásicas (INEN) between the 1 of January from 1974 to the 31 of March of the 2004.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The revision of clinical histories of 840 patients with the diagnosis of colon polyp was made who attended the service of Gastroenterology of the INEN between the 1 of January from 1974 to the 31 of March of 2004 and a card predesigned for each clinical history filled.
  • 1162 resecteds polyps evaluated themselves in this period.
  • 156 patients by diagnosis related to cancer and familiar adenomatouspoliposis did not include themselves.
  • The final sample was of 684 patients, in whom it was 1057 polyps.
  • Other endoscopic findings were: internal hemorrhoids (172), colonic diverticulosis (50), anal fissure (4), and nonspecific ulcerative colitis (2).
  • RESULTS: 1057 polyps extirpated, by means of the endoscopy polipectomy were 1016, with colectomy were 32 and with transanal resection without colectomy they 9.
  • Within the histology of the 1057 polyps, 331 was briefed (31.3%) that were hyperplasic, 448 (42.4%) adenomas, 278 (26.3%) others and 35 (8.2%) adenocarcinomas on adenomas.
  • Adenocarcinoma (carcinomas on adenomas), was present mainly in polyps villous type, with dysplasia severe and greater to 10 mm.
  • Nevertheless, in smaller polyps of 5mm with dysplasia severe, was a polyp invaded by cancer, that represents the 0,8% of millimetric polyps.
  • The made handling was mainly endoscopic, with 96% of the resected polyps this way, also slogan transanal resection and segmental colonic resection.
  • The colectomy was necessary in 3% of all the made interventions, dysplasia severe or carcinoma was made in adenomatous polyps with, and in greater percentage in greater polyps of 20 mm (53%).
  • On the other hand, in polyps with level of invasion Haggitt 3 and 4, the colectomy was the election treatment.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The Evaluation of colonic polyps in INEN is predominantly by endoscopy.
  • The polyps are more frequent over the 50 years and have preferred location in the left colon.
  • All polyps, from the millimetric ones, including the hyperplasic, must be considered marks of neoplasia and extirpated in its totality.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / pathology. Colonic Polyps / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17712391.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-5129
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología del Perú : órgano oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Peru
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Peru
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18. Ohmiya N, Taguchi A, Shirai K, Mabuchi N, Arakawa D, Kanazawa H, Ozeki M, Yamada M, Nakamura M, Itoh A, Hirooka Y, Niwa Y, Nagasaka T, Ito M, Ohashi S, Okamura S, Goto H: Endoscopic resection of Peutz-Jeghers polyps throughout the small intestine at double-balloon enteroscopy without laparotomy. Gastrointest Endosc; 2005 Jan;61(1):140-7

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  • [Title] Endoscopic resection of Peutz-Jeghers polyps throughout the small intestine at double-balloon enteroscopy without laparotomy.
  • This study evaluated the usefulness of this method for the resection of small-intestinal Peutz-Jeghers polyps.
  • METHODS: Two patients with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome underwent nonsurgical double-balloon enteroscopic resection of polyps throughout the small intestine.
  • OBSERVATIONS: Multiple polyps in the jejunum were successfully resected via the oral route, as were the polyps in the ileum via the anal route.
  • All 18 polyps (10-60 mm in size) were resected without subsequent bleeding or perforation.
  • Histopathologically, 3 large polyps (>30 mm diameter) were hamartomas with adenomatous components.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Double-balloon enteroscopy was safe and useful for the diagnosis and the treatment of Peutz-Jeghers polyps throughout the small intestine.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheterization. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Polyps / etiology. Intestinal Polyps / therapy. Intestine, Small. Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome / complications

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  • (PMID = 15672077.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Melis M, Gruel R, Darwin P, Drachenberg C, Shibata D: Full thickness transanal re-excision following endoscopic removal of malignant rectal polyps. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2009 May;24(5):531-6
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  • [Title] Full thickness transanal re-excision following endoscopic removal of malignant rectal polyps.
  • PURPOSE: Segmental resection is recommended for malignant polyps of the colon that are removed endoscopically with questionable margins.
  • We report our long-term results in patients treated by transanal re-excision (TAR) following endoscopic removal of malignant rectal polyps (MRP).
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / surgery. Endoscopy. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19159936.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1262
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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20. Fenech DS, Takahashi T, Liu M, Spencer L, Swallow CJ, Cohen Z, Macrae HM, McLeod RS: Function and quality of life after transanal excision of rectal polyps and cancers. Dis Colon Rectum; 2007 May;50(5):598-603
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  • [Title] Function and quality of life after transanal excision of rectal polyps and cancers.
  • PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the functional outcomes and health-related quality of life of patients after transanal excision of rectal cancers or polyps and to assess the relationship between functional outcomes and health-related quality of life.
  • Of these, 29 had villous adenomas, 2 had carcinoids, and 1 had a hyperplastic polyp.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / surgery. Fecal Incontinence / physiopathology. Quality of Life. Recovery of Function. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anal Canal. Biopsy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Statistics, Nonparametric. Surveys and Questionnaires. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17309002.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Ciriza de Los Ríos C, Tomás Moro E, García Durán F, Alvarez Sánchez J, Bermejo San José F, Valer López-Fando P, Carneros Martín JA, Piqueras Alcol B, Rodríguez Agulló JL: [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyps: a rare cause of rectal bleeding]. Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2007 Oct;30(8):461-4
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  • [Title] [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyps: a rare cause of rectal bleeding].
  • Inflammatory cloacogenic polyps are infrequent lesions that usually arise in the anorectal zone.
  • Two cases of rectal bleeding related to cloacogenic polyps with different endoscopic appearance are reported.
  • Endoscopists should be familiar with this entity, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis with other polypoid lesions observed in colonoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anal Canal. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17949613.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-5705
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterología y hepatología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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22. Albright JB, Bonatti H, Stauffer J, Dickson RC, Nguyen J, Harnois D, Jeanpierre C, Hinder R, Steers J, Chua H, Aranda-Michel J: Colorectal and anal neoplasms following liver transplantation. Colorectal Dis; 2010 Jul;12(7):657-66
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  • [Title] Colorectal and anal neoplasms following liver transplantation.
  • Data on neoplasms of the colon, rectum and anus in LT are limited.
  • METHOD: A retrospective evaluation of the incidence and clinical course of colorectal and anal malignancies and colonic polyps in a series of 467 consecutive LTs in 402 individuals between 1998 and 2001 was performed.
  • RESULTS: During a median follow up of 5.2 years, three colon adenocarcinomas, one EBV associated cecal posttransplant lymphoproliferative tumour and two HPV associated anal tumours were identified.
  • Pre-LT colonoscopy was performed in 161 patients (40%), and of 153 evaluable individuals, 53 (34.9%) had polyps.
  • Colonoscopy was performed in 186 patients (46.3%) median 14.8 (range 0.2-77.8) months post-LT and 55 (29.3%) had polyps.
  • Post-LT adenomatous polyps were detected in 47.3% of patients with pre-LT polyps vs 6.7% of patients without pre-LT polyps (P < 0.001).
  • No patient died from colorectal/anal malignancy.
  • CONCLUSION: The incidence of metachronous and new polyp formation in our study is similar to people who are not immunocompromised, but subgroups are at increased risk.
  • Viral-associated malignancies, including post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders and anal cancer, are important entities in the LT population suggesting that complete screening of the colon, rectum and anus including pre-LT and post-LT colonoscopy should be utilized.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / epidemiology. Colonic Neoplasms / epidemiology. Immunosuppression / adverse effects. Liver Transplantation

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  • (PMID = 19508543.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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23. Pirog EC, Quint KD, Yantiss RK: P16/CDKN2A and Ki-67 enhance the detection of anal intraepithelial neoplasia and condyloma and correlate with human papillomavirus detection by polymerase chain reaction. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Oct;34(10):1449-55
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  • [Title] P16/CDKN2A and Ki-67 enhance the detection of anal intraepithelial neoplasia and condyloma and correlate with human papillomavirus detection by polymerase chain reaction.
  • The classification of anal intraepithelial neoplasia (AIN) in mucosal biopsies is subject to considerable interobserver variability.
  • The aim of this study was to determine whether Ki-67 and p16/CDKN2A immunolabeling enhanced diagnostic accuracy in the assessment of anal mucosal biopsies from patients with suspected human papillomavirus (HPV) infection.
  • The study consisted of 75 cases that were originally interpreted to represent normal anal transitional zone (n=15), fibroepithelial polyp (n=10), condyloma accuminatum (n=10), low-grade AIN (AIN1, n=20), and high-grade AIN (n=20), including 10 cases each of AIN2 and AIN3.
  • Thus, the final study group consisted of 17 samples of normal anal transition zone, 14 fibroepithelial polyps, 6 condylomata accuminata, and 38 cases of AIN (11 AIN1, 16 AIN2, and 11 AIN3).
  • None of the anal transition zone samples or fibroepithelial polyps showed Ki-67 or p16/CDKN2A staining.
  • We conclude that Ki-67 labeling detects anal HPV-related changes with a high degree of sensitivity and specificity, whereas increased p16/CDKN2A staining is strongly associated with high-grade squamous neoplasia.
  • These results indicate that a combination of these markers may aid interpretation of anal mucosal biopsy samples.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoma in Situ / diagnosis. Condylomata Acuminata / diagnosis. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / metabolism. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Papillomaviridae / isolation & purification. Papillomavirus Infections / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Biopsy. Colonic Polyps / metabolism. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Colonic Polyps / virology. DNA Probes, HPV. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Precancerous Conditions / diagnosis. Precancerous Conditions / metabolism. Precancerous Conditions / virology. Predictive Value of Tests. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20871219.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / DNA Probes, HPV; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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24. Kartheuser A, Stangherlin P, Brandt D, Remue C, Sempoux C: Restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for familial adenomatous polyposis revisited. Fam Cancer; 2006;5(3):241-60; discussion 261-2
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  • [Title] Restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for familial adenomatous polyposis revisited.
  • Since restorative proctocolectomy (RPC) with ileal-pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) removes the entire diseased mucosa, it has become firmly established as the standard operative procedure of choice for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP).
  • Even after IPAA, FAP patients are still at risk of developing adenomas (and occasional adenocarcinomas), either in the anal canal (10-31%) or in the ileal pouch itself (8-62%), thus requiring lifelong endoscopic monitoring.
  • <5 rectal polyps) can be identified where ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) might be reasonable.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / surgery. Anal Canal / surgery. Anastomosis, Surgical. Ileum / surgery. Pouchitis. Proctocolectomy, Restorative

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  • (PMID = 16998670.001).
  • [ISSN] 1389-9600
  • [Journal-full-title] Familial cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fam. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Number-of-references] 299
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25. Plum N, May AD, Manner H, Ell C: [Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: endoscopic detection and treatment of small bowel polyps by double-balloon enteroscopy]. Z Gastroenterol; 2007 Oct;45(10):1049-55
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  • [Title] [Peutz-Jeghers syndrome: endoscopic detection and treatment of small bowel polyps by double-balloon enteroscopy].
  • INTRODUCTION: Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is characterised by a combination of hamartomatous gastrointestinal polyps and mucocutaneous melanin pigmentation.
  • The polyps occur mainly in the small bowel and can lead to intestinal obstruction, intussusception and bleeding.
  • Until only a few years ago, primary surgical resection and intraoperative endoscopy and polypectomy were the only available means of treating polyps in the mid-small bowel in these patients.
  • The size, number and location of the diagnosed and endoscopically resected small-bowel polyps were documented as were all complications associated with the examination or treatment.
  • RESULTS: A total of 47 DBE-procedures were performed (oral approach 39, anal approach 8).
  • The examinations revealed a total of 178 polyps.
  • 47 polyps were removed by endoscopic polypectomy on the grounds of their size and/or gross appearance.
  • The largest small-bowel polyp resected was 50 mm (min.
  • CONCLUSION: DBE is a safe and reliable procedure for the diagnosis of small-bowel polyps in patients with PJS.
  • In addition to macroscopic assessment and biopsy of suspicious areas, it permits the exact localisation as well as preoperative marking of polyps that are primary candidates for surgery.
  • DBE revolutionises the therapeutic options for polyps in the region of the mid-small bowel and limits the indications for primary surgical management.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / surgery. Intestine, Small / pathology. Intestine, Small / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17924301.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-2771
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Gastroenterol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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26. Filippakis GM, Zografos G, Pararas N, Lanitis S, Georgiadou D, Filippakis MG: Spontaneous regression of rectal polyps following abdominal colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis for familial adenomatous polyposis, without sulindac treatment: report of four cases. Endoscopy; 2007 Jul;39(7):665-8
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  • [Title] Spontaneous regression of rectal polyps following abdominal colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis for familial adenomatous polyposis, without sulindac treatment: report of four cases.
  • The only curative treatment for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is prophylactic surgery and the two most popular options are total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis and restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis.
  • Today, ileal pouch-anal anastomosis has gained wider acceptance as a safer procedure, but ileorectal anastomosis still remains an option, especially for young patients with a moderate phenotype of the disease and limited polyps in the rectum.
  • Partial or complete regression of rectal polyps after total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis and treatment with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as sulindac is reported in up to 80 % of patients.
  • We present the cases of four patients with FAP treated by colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis, who had immediate, complete spontaneous regression of multiple polyps in the rectal stump, with no further need for sulindac treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / surgery. Colectomy. Ileum / surgery. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous. Polyps / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17611924.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8812
  • [Journal-full-title] Endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endoscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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27. Geisler DP, Condon ET, Remzi FH: Single incision laparoscopic total proctocolectomy with ileopouch anal anastomosis. Colorectal Dis; 2010 Sep;12(9):941-3
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  • [Title] Single incision laparoscopic total proctocolectomy with ileopouch anal anastomosis.
  • A colonoscopy had demonstrated nearly 1000 polyps in the colon with several 1-cm polyps in the rectum.
  • The pouch anal anastomosis was performed intracorporeally and a diverting loop ileostomy created through the SIL port site.

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  • (PMID = 19895601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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28. Danova NA, Robles-Emanuelli JC, Bjorling DE: Surgical excision of primary canine rectal tumors by an anal approach in twenty-three dogs. Vet Surg; 2006 Jun;35(4):337-40
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  • [Title] Surgical excision of primary canine rectal tumors by an anal approach in twenty-three dogs.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe an anal approach for excision of primary rectal tumors in dogs and to report outcome.
  • METHODS: Review of medical records (1990-2000) of dogs with primary rectal neoplasia excised surgically using an anal approach with rectal prolapse.
  • RESULTS: Each dog had only 1 tumor type (adenocarcinoma [8], solitary polyp [5], carcinoma [4], plasmacytoma [2], adenoma [1], leiomyoma [1], mucinous carcinoma [1], and papilloma [1]).
  • CONCLUSION: Surgical excision of tumors of the caudal rectum can be accomplished through the anus after rectal prolapse.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: An anal approach facilitated by rectal prolapse should be considered as a viable option for the surgical treatment of selected cases of tumors of the caudal aspect of the rectum in dogs.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / surgery. Dog Diseases / surgery. Rectal Neoplasms / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenocarcinoma / veterinary. Animals. Disease-Free Survival. Dogs. Female. Male. Polyps / surgery. Polyps / veterinary. Postoperative Complications / veterinary. Records as Topic / veterinary. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Wisconsin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16756613.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-3499
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary surgery : VS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Smith FB, Aksenov S: Potential role of nuclear appearance in pathologic recognition and delimitation of sessile serrated polyps of the colon: a karyometric study. Anal Quant Cytol Histol; 2007 Oct;29(5):326-32
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  • [Title] Potential role of nuclear appearance in pathologic recognition and delimitation of sessile serrated polyps of the colon: a karyometric study.
  • STUDY DESIGN: Digitized images of nuclei of superficial crypt cells from SSPs, banal hyperplastic polyps (BHPs), tubular adenomas (TAs) and normal colonic mucosa (N) in surgical pathology specimens were analyzed for size, shape, area, optical density (summed and average) and 22 Markovian texture characteristics.

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  • (PMID = 17987813.001).
  • [ISSN] 0884-6812
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical and quantitative cytology and histology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal. Quant. Cytol. Histol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Sotoudehmanesh R, Ainechi S, Asgari AA, Kolahdoozan S: Endoscopic lesions in low-to average-risk patients with minimal bright red bleeding from midline anal fissures. How much should we go in? Tech Coloproctol; 2007 Dec;11(4):340-2
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  • [Title] Endoscopic lesions in low-to average-risk patients with minimal bright red bleeding from midline anal fissures. How much should we go in?
  • BACKGROUND: Anal fissure is a common condition in young patients, and the main symptoms include anal pain and bleeding.
  • Our aim was to determine the need to perform lower gastrointestinal endoscopy on patients with midline anal fissure who present with minimal bright red rectal bleeding and who are at low risk for colorectal neoplasia.
  • METHODS: Patients with midline anal fissure who reported small amounts of red blood on toilet paper, toilet bowl or stool after defecation were evaluated.
  • Adenomatous polyps were found in 4 cases (3.0%), ulcerative colitis in 8 (6.0%) and Crohn's disease in one patient (0.7%).
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Fissure in Ano / complications. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Sigmoidoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Prognosis. Prospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 18060528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1123-6337
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
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31. Calva-Rodríguez R, González-Palafox MA, Rivera-Domínguez ME, García-Salazar JM, Calva-Cerqueira Bc D: [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyp]. Rev Gastroenterol Mex; 2007 Oct-Dec;72(4):371-5
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  • [Title] [Inflammatory cloacogenic polyp].
  • INTRODUCTION: Cloacogenic Polyps are characterized by the presence of inflammatory lesions in the lower rectum, and the anal transition zone.
  • The polyps can prolaps; this is due to the malfunction of the internal anal sphincter; and the smooth muscle that covers the rectum.
  • 85% lesions are located above the anal border and predominantly in the anterior lateral wall.
  • The polyps vary in size from 3-4 cm in diameter, and have a sessile appearance.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This entity of colon polyps is somewhat rare, and is seen in young adults; however its presence in infancy requires that we think of this entity when we formulate our differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Rectal Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18595326.001).
  • [ISSN] 0375-0906
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de gastroenterología de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Gastroenterol Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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32. Sundaram P, Zomorodian A, Beaulieu C, Napel S: Colon polyp detection using smoothed shape operators: preliminary results. Med Image Anal; 2008 Apr;12(2):99-119
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  • [Title] Colon polyp detection using smoothed shape operators: preliminary results.
  • Computer-aided detection (CAD) algorithms identify locations in computed tomographic (CT) images of the colon that are most likely to contain polyps.
  • We evaluate our algorithm on patient data and provide free-response receiver-operating characteristic performance analysis over all size ranges of polyps.
  • A preliminary evaluation of our method on 35 patients yielded the following results (polyp diameter range; sensitivity; false positives/case): (10mm; 100%; 17.5), (5-10 mm; 89.7%, 21.23), (<5 mm; 59.1%; 23.9) and (overall; 80.3%; 23.9).

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  • (PMID = 17910934.001).
  • [ISSN] 1361-8423
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical image analysis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Image Anal
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U54 GM072970; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA72023
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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33. von Roon AC, Tekkis PP, Clark SK, Heriot AG, Lovegrove RE, Truvolo S, Nicholls RJ, Phillips RK: The impact of technical factors on outcome of restorative proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis. Dis Colon Rectum; 2007 Jul;50(7):952-61
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  • Primary outcomes were major complications, pouch function, and neoplastic transformation in the anal transitional zone.
  • The incidence of polyps at the anal transitional zone was lower with handsewn than with stapled anastomosis (19 vs. 38 percent; P=0.047).
  • Handsewn ileoanal anastomosis with mucosectomy seems to reduce the incidence of subsequent neoplasia in the anal transitional zone but does not eliminate the risk of cancer.


34. Kohno M, Momoi M, Oo ML, Paik JH, Lee YM, Venkataraman K, Ai Y, Ristimaki AP, Fyrst H, Sano H, Rosenberg D, Saba JD, Proia RL, Hla T: Intracellular role for sphingosine kinase 1 in intestinal adenoma cell proliferation. Mol Cell Biol; 2006 Oct;26(19):7211-23
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  • Concomitantly, epithelial cell proliferation in the polyps was significantly attenuated, suggesting that Sphk1 regulates adenoma progression.
  • Although the S1P receptors (S1P1R, S1P2R, and S1P3R) are expressed, polyp incidence or size was unaltered in Apc Min/+ S1p2r(-/-), Apc Min/+ S1p3r(-/-), and Apc Min/+ S1p1r(+/-) bigenic mice.
  • Concomitantly, epithelial cell proliferation and the expression of the G1/S cell cycle regulator CDK4 and c-myc were diminished in the polyps of Apc Min/+ Sphk1(-/-) mice.

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  • (PMID = 16980623.001).
  • [ISSN] 0270-7306
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA77528; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL70694; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA077839; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / P01 HL070694; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R37 HL067330; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL067330; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA077528; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA77839; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL67330
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Lysophospholipids; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Lysosphingolipid; 26993-30-6 / sphingosine 1-phosphate; EC 2.7.1.- / Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor); EC 2.7.1.- / sphingosine kinase; NGZ37HRE42 / Sphingosine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1592880
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35. Smith D, Ballal M, Hodder R, Selvachandran SN, Cade D: The adenoma carcinoma sequence: an indoctrinated model for tumorigenesis, but is it always a clinical reality? Colorectal Dis; 2006 May;8(4):296-301
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonic Polyps.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Neoplastic lesions were either biopsied or removed after noting distance from the anal margin.
  • RESULTS: Of 4089 patients, polyps were identified in 8.0% and cancer in 4.2%.
  • Polyp behaviour along with malignant propensity may actually be site dependent, with rectal polyps harbouring a more aggressive phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16630233.001).
  • [ISSN] 1462-8910
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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36. Zhu H, Liang Z, Pickhardt PJ, Barish MA, You J, Fan Y, Lu H, Posniak EJ, Richards RJ, Cohen HL: Increasing computer-aided detection specificity by projection features for CT colonography. Med Phys; 2010 Apr;37(4):1468-81
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  • This study aims to develop projection-based features which characterize true and false positives to increase the specificity while maintaining high sensitivity in detecting colonic polyps.
  • METHODS: In this study, two-dimensional projection images are obtained from each initial polyp candidate or volume of interest, and features are extracted from both the gray and color projection images to differentiate FPs from true positives.
  • These projection features were tested to exclude different types of FPs, such as haustral folds, rectal tubes, and residue stool using a database of 325 patient studies (from two different institutions), which includes 556 scans at supine and/or prone positions with 347 polyps and masses sized from 5 to 60 mm.
  • The experimental evaluation was conducted for large polyps (> or = 10 mm) and medium-sized polyps (5-9 mm) separately.
  • RESULTS: For large polyps, the additional usage of the projection features reduces the FP rate from 5.31 to 1.92 per scan at the comparable by-polyp sensitivity level of 93.1%.
  • For medium-sized polyps, the FP rate is reduced from 8.89 to 5.23 at the sensitivity level of 80.6%.
  • The percentages of FP reduction are 63.9% and 41.2% for the large and medium-sized polyps, respectively, without sacrificing detection sensitivity.
  • CAD of colonic polyps is supposed to help radiologists to improve their performance in interpreting computed tomographic colonography images.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Polyps / diagnostic imaging. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods

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  • (PMID = 20443468.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA120917; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA120917; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA120917
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2848845
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37. Shin LK, Poullos P, Jeffrey RB: MR colonography and MR enterography. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am; 2010 Apr;20(2):323-46
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Virtual colonoscopy (VC), also known as computed tomography colonography, is an effective method for detecting polyps.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Colon / pathology. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Reproducibility of Results

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  • [Copyright] Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • (PMID = 20451820.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-1950
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc. Clin. N. Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 108
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38. Sileri P, Stolfi VM, Palmieri G, Benavoli D, D' Ugo S, D' Eletto M: Modified stapled transanal rectal resection (Starr) for full thickness excision of rectal tumour. J Gastrointest Surg; 2010 Apr;14(4):739-42
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonic Polyps.

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  • INTRODUCTION: Traditionally, adenomatous rectal lesions and unexpected malignant polyps that could not be removed endoscopically are referred to surgery.
  • METHODS: We describe a modified stapled transanal rectal resection for the excision of flat lesions with a diameter up to 2 cm and located between 5 and 12 cm from the anal verge.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma / surgery. Colonic Polyps / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Surgical Stapling

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  • (PMID = 20066569.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Cordero Fernández C, Pizarro Moreno A, Garzón Benavides M, García-Lozano R, Belda Laguna O, Sobrino S, Bozada JM, Zulueta Dorado T: [Follow-up after surgical treatment of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis: results in a southern Spanish population]. Rev Esp Enferm Dig; 2007 Aug;99(8):440-5
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  • OBJECTIVE: The study was to assess changes in the rectal mucosa and pouch in a series of patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) who underwent either subtotal colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis (IRA) or proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA), and to evaluate the suitability of the follow-up interval and postoperative treatment employed to prevent the development of cancer.
  • The number and both macroscopic and histological features of polyps before and after surgery, the treatment, and complications were all analyzed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Anal Canal / surgery. Anastomosis, Surgical. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Spain

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  • (PMID = 18020859.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-0108
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Enferm Dig
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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40. Summers RM: Polyp size measurement at CT colonography: what do we know and what do we need to know? Radiology; 2010 Jun;255(3):707-20
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  • [Title] Polyp size measurement at CT colonography: what do we know and what do we need to know?
  • Polyp size is a critical biomarker for clinical management.
  • Larger polyps have a greater likelihood of being or of becoming an adenocarcinoma.
  • To balance the referral rate for polypectomy against the risk of leaving potential cancers in situ, sizes of 6 and 10 mm are increasingly being discussed as critical thresholds for clinical decision making (immediate polypectomy versus polyp surveillance) and have been incorporated into the consensus CT Colonography Reporting and Data System (C-RADS).
  • Polyp size measurement at optical colonoscopy, pathologic examination, and computed tomographic (CT) colonography has been studied extensively but the reported precision, accuracy, and relative sizes have been highly variable.
  • This review summarizes current best practices for polyp size measurement, describes the role of automated size measurement software, discusses how to manage the measurement uncertainties, and identifies areas requiring further research.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright RSNA, 2010
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  • (PMID = 20501711.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1315
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiology
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / CLC NIH HHS / CL / Z01 CL040003
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 76
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2875919
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41. Gupta PJ: Feasibility of day care surgery in proctology. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis; 2006 Dec;15(4):359-62
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Rectal Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The procedures included hemorrhoidectomy, anal fistulotomy, sphincterotomy, and removal of rectal polyps, pilonidal sinotomy and anal stricturotomy.
  • However, an appropriate diagnosis of the disease, proper selection of the patients with respect to their suitability for surgery and a round-the-clock availability of patient communication with the nursing staff are a must for the successful outcome of the procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Ambulatory Surgical Procedures. Anus Diseases / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures. Rectal Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17205148.001).
  • [ISSN] 1842-1121
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases : JGLD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gastrointestin Liver Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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42. Whittle DO, Lee MG, Hanchard B: Juvenile polyposis syndrome. West Indian Med J; 2010 Jun;59(3):306-8
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Juvenile polyposis syndrome.

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  • Juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) is rare and is present when there are multiple juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract, usually the colon.
  • We report the case of a 21-year old male with a two-year history of intermittent rectal bleeding and anal protrusion.
  • Colonoscopy revealed multiple pedunculated cherry red polyps mainly in the left colon.
  • Histology confirmed juvenile polyps.
  • It is important to distinguish between patients with JPS and patients with an isolated harmatomatous juvenile polyp.

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  • (PMID = 21291112.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-3144
  • [Journal-full-title] The West Indian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Indian Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Jamaica
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Juvenile polyposis syndrome
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43. Leal RF, Ayrizono Mde L, Milanski M, Fagundes JJ, Moraes JC, Meirelles LR, Velloso LA, Coy CS: Detection of epithelial apoptosis in pelvic ileal pouches for ulcerative colitis and familial adenomatous polyposis. J Transl Med; 2010;8:11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the surgical procedure of choice for patients with refractory ulcerative colitis (UC) and for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) with many rectal polyps.

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  • (PMID = 20113505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of translational medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Transl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / APAF1 protein, human; 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / Apoptotic Protease-Activating Factor 1; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 8; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 9
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2843649
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44. Ooi BS, Quah HM, Fu CW, Eu KW: Laparoscopic high anterior resection with natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) for early rectal cancer. Tech Coloproctol; 2009 Mar;13(1):61-4
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  • The patient, a 51-year-old male (BMI 18.6 kg/m(2)) with a 2.5-cm, early-stage posterior rectal cancer 12 cm from the anal verge, underwent the above-described procedure.
  • [MeSH-major] Colectomy / methods. Colon / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods. Polyps / surgery. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19288243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1128-045X
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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45. Moore JS, Cataldo PA, Osler T, Hyman NH: Transanal endoscopic microsurgery is more effective than traditional transanal excision for resection of rectal masses. Dis Colon Rectum; 2008 Jul;51(7):1026-30; discussion 1030-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Carcinoma in Situ / surgery. Colonic Polyps / surgery. Colonoscopy / methods. Microsurgery / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anal Canal. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18481147.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. Bader FG, Bouchard R, Keller R, Mirow L, Czymek R, Habermann JK, Fritsch H, Bruch HP, Roblick UJ: [Progress in diagnostics of anorectal disorders. Part I: anatomic background and clinical and neurologic procedures]. Chirurg; 2008 May;79(5):401-9
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  • Three-dimensional endosonography and technical advances in flexible endoscopy using high-resolution chromoendoscopy and narrow-band imaging enable exact staging and diagnosis, even of malignancies in earliest stages.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Diseases / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / pathology. Anal Canal / physiopathology. Electromyography. Endosonography. Evoked Potentials, Motor / physiology. Fecal Incontinence / diagnosis. Fecal Incontinence / physiopathology. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / physiopathology. Neoplasm Staging. Proctoscopy. Rectum / pathology. Rectum / physiopathology. Spinal Nerve Roots / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 18414817.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 39
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47. Möschler O, May AD, Müller MK, Ell C, DBE-Studiengruppe Deutschland: [Complications in double-balloon-enteroscopy: results of the German DBE register]. Z Gastroenterol; 2008 Mar;46(3):266-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • They reported 3894 DBE examinations (2685 using the oral route, 1209 using the anal route) with 1086 interventions.
  • [MeSH-major] Catheterization / statistics & numerical data. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / statistics & numerical data. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / epidemiology. Intestinal Perforation / epidemiology. Intestinal Polyps / epidemiology. Pancreatitis / epidemiology. Registries / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 18322881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-2771
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Gastroenterol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Investigator] Ell C
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48. Lorenz C, Nimmesgern T, Back M, Langwieler TE: Transanal single port microsurgery (TSPM) as a modified technique of transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM). Surg Innov; 2010 Jun;17(2):160-3

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  • The transanal placement of the SILS port was easy to perform; a prior dilatation of the anal sphincter was not necessary.
  • There were no perioperative or postoperative complications as verified by postoperative observation, rectoscopy, and anal ultrasound.
  • By using this new multichannel device TEM surgery was changed in a modified way while preserving the anal sphincter.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / surgery. Intestinal Polyps / surgery. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation. Proctoscopy / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20504794.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-3514
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical innovation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Innov
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Röttgen R, Fischbach F, Plotkin M, Herzog H, Freund T, Schröder RJ, Felix R: Colon dissection: a new three-dimensional reconstruction tool for computed tomography colonography. Acta Radiol; 2005 May;46(3):222-6
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  • PURPOSE: To improve the sensitivity of computed tomography (CT) colonography in the detection of polyps by comparing the 3D reconstruction tool "colon dissection" and endoluminal view (virtual colonoscopy) with axial 2D reconstructions.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients (22 M, 26 F, mean age 57 +/- 21) were studied after intra-anal air insufflation in the supine and prone positions using a 16-slice helical CT (16 x 0.625 mm, pitch 1.7; detector rotation time 0.5 s; 160 mAs und 120 kV) and conventional colonoscopy.
  • RESULTS: Conventional colonoscopy revealed a total of 35 polyps in 15 patients; 33 polyps were disclosed by CT methods.
  • Sensitivity and specificity for detecting colon polyps were 94% and 94%, respectively, when using the "colon dissection", 89% and 94% when using "virtual endoscopy", and 62% and 100% when using axial 2D reconstruction.
  • Sensitivity in relation to the diameter of colon polyps with "colon dissection", "virtual colonoscopy", and axial 2D-slices was: polyps with a diameter >5.0 mm, 100%, 100%, and 71%, respectively; polyps with a diameter of between 3 and 4.9 mm, 92%, 85%, and 46%; and polyps with a diameter < 3 mm, 89%, 78%, and 56%.
  • The difference between "virtual endoscopy" and "colon dissection" in diagnosing polyps up to 4.9 mm in diameter was statistically significant.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / radiography. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods

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  • (PMID = 15981716.001).
  • [ISSN] 0284-1851
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
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50. Thomson M, Venkatesh K, Elmalik K, van der Veer W, Jaacobs M: Double balloon enteroscopy in children: diagnosis, treatment, and safety. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Jan 7;16(1):56-62

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Double balloon enteroscopy in children: diagnosis, treatment, and safety.
  • METHODS: Fourteen patients (10 males) with a median age of 12.9 years (range 8.1-16.7) underwent DBE; 5 for Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJ syndrome), 2 for chronic abdominal pain, 4 for obscure gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, 2 with angiomatous malformations (1 blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome) having persistent GI bleeding, and 1 with Cowden's syndrome with multiple polyps and previous intussusception.
  • Seven patients had both antegrade (trans-oral) and retrograde (trans-anal and via ileostomy) examinations.
  • Polyps were detected and successfully removed in all 5 patients with PJ syndrome, in a patient with tubulo-villous adenoma of the duodenum, in a patient with significant anemia and occult bleeding, and in a patient with Cowden's syndrome.
  • A diagnosis was made in a patient with multiple angiomata not amenable to endotherapy, and in 1 with a discrete angioma which was treated with argon plasma coagulation.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestinal Diseases / therapy. Intestine, Small / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20039449.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2799917
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51. Martino P, Martino D, Palazzo S, Altomare DF, Garofalo L, Battaglia M, Selvaggi FP: Incidental discovery of ano-rectal disease during transrectal ultrasound performed for prostatic disease. Arch Ital Urol Androl; 2005 Mar;77(1):37-9
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  • In 132 cases (27%) it was shown to be a false positive, mainly due to imperfect cleansing of the anal canal; in 284 cases (58%) benign disease was demonstrated (hemorrhoids in 192 patients, abscesses in 21, perianal fistulas in 18, inflamed lymph nodes in 27, polyps in 16).
  • It can be concluded that transrectal US does not permit a certain diagnosis of the nature of rectal disease, but does raise a diagnostic suspicion that can orient the surgeon to schedule more invasive diagnostic investigations.

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  • (PMID = 15906788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1124-3562
  • [Journal-full-title] Archivio italiano di urologia, andrologia : organo ufficiale [di] Societa italiana di ecografia urologica e nefrologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Ital Urol Androl
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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52. Solaz Moreno E, Vallalta Morales M, Silla Búrdalo G, Cervera Miguel JI, Díaz Beveridge R, Rayón Martín JM: [Primary melanoma of the rectum: an infrequent neoplasia with an atypical presentation]. Clin Transl Oncol; 2005 May;7(4):171-3
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  • The main clinical presentations are local symptoms such as rectal bleeding, anal mass or pain, or a change in bowel habits.
  • The tumour is frequently mistaken for benign conditions as haemorrhoids or rectal polyps.
  • [MeSH-major] Melanoma / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15960927.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Transl Oncol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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53. Näppi J, Yoshida H: Adaptive correction of the pseudo-enhancement of CT attenuation for fecal-tagging CT colonography. Med Image Anal; 2008 Aug;12(4):413-26
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  • The effect of ADC on ftCTC was assessed visually and quantitatively by comparison of the accuracy of computer-aided detection (CAD) without and with the use of the ADC method in two different types of clinical ftCTC databases: 20 laxative ftCTC cases with 24 polyps, and 23 reduced-preparation ftCTC cases with 28 polyps.
  • With ADC, the free-response receiver operating characteristic curves indicating CAD performance in polyp detection yielded normalized partial area-under-curve values of 0.91 and 0.80 for the two databases, respectively, with statistically significant improvement over conventional thresholding-based approaches (p<0.05).

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  • (PMID = 18313349.001).
  • [ISSN] 1361-8423
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical image analysis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Image Anal
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095279-06; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095279-06; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095279-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095279-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA095279; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095279-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095279-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA131718; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095279; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095279
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS62173; NLM/ PMC2762861
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54. El-Khayat HA, El-Hodhod MA, Abd El-Basset FZ, Tomoum HY, El-Safory HA, Hamdy AM: Rectal bleeding in Egyptian children. Ann Trop Paediatr; 2006 Dec;26(4):337-44
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  • Others included colorectal polyps (21.1%), chronic colitis (16%) including inflammatory bowel diseases (5.2%), allergic colitis (2.6%), solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (1.5%) and non-specific colitis (6.7%).
  • Intussusception and Meckel's diverticulae were the cause in 7.3% and 2.6%, respectively, while other aetiologies included vascular (6.2%), systemic (3.6%), local anal (3.1%) and upper gastro-intestinal causes (1.5%).
  • CONCLUSION: In Egyptian children, infectious enterocolitis followed by colorectal polyps and chronic colitis are major causes of BPR.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Age Factors. Bacterial Infections / complications. Bacterial Infections / diagnosis. Child. Child, Preschool. Chronic Disease. Colitis / complications. Colitis / diagnosis. Diagnostic Techniques, Digestive System. Diarrhea / complications. Enterocolitis / complications. Enterocolitis / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Infant. Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / complications. Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyps / complications. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Male. Prospective Studies. Rectum

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  • (PMID = 17132299.001).
  • [ISSN] 0272-4936
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of tropical paediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Trop Paediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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55. Goldberg HJ, Hertz MI, Ricciardi R, Madoff RD, Baxter NN, Bullard KM: Colon and rectal complications after heart and lung transplantation. J Am Coll Surg; 2006 Jan;202(1):55-61
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  • Forty-four events (52%) were considered major (diverticulitis, perforation, malignancy, and other) and 40 (48%) were minor (polyps, pseudo-obstruction treated medically or endoscopically, benign anorectal disease, and other).
  • Twenty-three (27%) required colectomy and 9 (10%) necessitated anal operation.


56. Felt-Bersma RJ, Cazemier M: Endosonography in anorectal disease: an overview. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl; 2006;(243):165-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • It was first used to evaluate rectal tumours and later also to investigate benign disorders of the anal sphincters and pelvic floor.
  • AE has been used for almost every possible disorder in the anal region and has increased our insight into anal pathology.
  • Studies comparing AE with endoanal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have shown that both methods are equally good for demonstrating defects in the external anal sphincter; the internal anal sphincter is better visualized with AE.
  • In low tubulovillous adenomas or malignant polyps considered removable locally, confirming the local resectability (T0 or T1) is mandatory.
  • 4. Anal carcinoma for staging.
  • In conclusion, AE images the internal and external anal sphincter with high accuracy.
  • It is easy to perform and is of particular value in the diagnosis of anal incontinence and perianal fistulae.
  • It is excellent in staging anal carcinoma and can also be used in staging rectal carcinoma, especially very low large malignant polyps.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / ultrasonography. Endosonography. Rectal Diseases / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 16782637.001).
  • [ISSN] 0085-5928
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology. Supplement
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Gastroenterol. Suppl.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Number-of-references] 119
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57. Cai W, Zalis ME, Näppi J, Harris GJ, Yoshida H: Structure-analysis method for electronic cleansing in cathartic and noncathartic CT colonography. Med Phys; 2008 Jul;35(7):3259-77
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  • Evaluation of the quality of the cleansing based on polyps and folds in a colon phantom, as well as on polyps in clinical cathartic and noncathartic CTC cases with fluid and stool tagging, showed that our structure-analysis cleansing method is significantly superior to that of our previous thresholding-based EC method.
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Colonoscopy / methods. Contrast Media / pharmacology. Feces. Humans. Imaging, Three-Dimensional. Models, Statistical. Normal Distribution. Phantoms, Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods. X-Rays

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  • (PMID = 18697551.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095279; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA095279; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095279
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cathartics; 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2809717
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58. Rifat Mannan AA, Kahvic M, Bharadwaj S, Grover VK: Gastric heterotopia of the anus: report of two rare cases and review of the literature. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2008 Apr-Jun;51(2):240-1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Gastric heterotopia of the anus: report of two rare cases and review of the literature.
  • We report two cases of gastric heterotopia in the anus - one, in a 55-year-old man; and the other, in a 35-year-old woman.
  • Sigmoidoscopy showed presence of a single sessile anal polyp in the first patient and hemorrhoid in the other.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / pathology. Choristoma / pathology. Gastric Mucosa

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  • (PMID = 18603693.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Number-of-references] 9
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59. Tajika M, Nakamura T, Nakahara O, Kawai H, Komori K, Hirai T, Kato T, Bhatia V, Baba H, Yamao K: Prevalence of adenomas and carcinomas in the ileal pouch after proctocolectomy in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Jul;13(7):1266-73
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Familial Polyposis.

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  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 31 FAP patients with Kock's continent ileostomy (Kock; n = 8), ileorectal anastomosis (IRA; n = 7), and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) (n = 16).
  • All patients were followed with a standardized protocol including chromoendoscopy and biopsies of visible polyps in the ileal pouch and nonpouch mucosa.

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  • (PMID = 19333660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Schäfer HH, Vivaldi C, Hölscher AH: [Local excision with transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) after endoscopic R1/R2-polypectomy of pT1 "low-risk" carcinomas of the rectum]. Z Gastroenterol; 2006 Aug;44(8):647-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) is an adequate method for the local full-thickness excision of large rectum polyps and pT1 "low-risk" rectal carcinomas.
  • We studied prospectively the relevance of this surgical technique concerning complete tumour excision after R1/R2-polypectomy of malignant rectal polyps.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyps / surgery. Microsurgery / methods. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control. Proctoscopy / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anal Canal / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Risk Assessment / methods. Risk Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16902894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-2771
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Gastroenterol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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61. Bemelman WA: Minimally invasive surgery for early lower GI cancer. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol; 2005 Dec;19(6):993-1005
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colorectal Cancer.

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  • After installation of a pneumorectum, lesions up to 25 cm from the anal verge, including circumferential lesions, can be removed with a recurrence rate of 0-5% for adenomas, 3% for low-risk T1 carcinomas, and 8% for all carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenomatous Polyps / surgery. Colonoscopy. Humans. Laparoscopy. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16338654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-6918
  • [Journal-full-title] Best practice & research. Clinical gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 57
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62. Wang S, Yao J, Summers RM: Improved classifier for computer-aided polyp detection in CT colonography by nonlinear dimensionality reduction. Med Phys; 2008 Apr;35(4):1377-86
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Improved classifier for computer-aided polyp detection in CT colonography by nonlinear dimensionality reduction.
  • Computer-aided detection (CAD) has been shown to be feasible for polyp detection on computed tomography (CT) scans.
  • After initial detection, the dataset of colonic polyp candidates has large-scale and high dimensional characteristics.
  • We applied the proposed DMLLE method to a colonic polyp dataset of 175 269 polyp candidates with 155 features.
  • Visual inspection shows that true polyps with similar shapes are mapped to close vicinity in the low dimensional space.
  • For 6-9 mm polyps (193 true polyps contained in test set), when the number of false positives per patient is 9, SVM with DMLLE improves the average sensitivity from 70% to 83% compared with that of an SVM committee classifier which is a state-of-the-art method for colonic polyp detection (p<0.001).
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Artificial Intelligence. Colonic Polyps / diagnostic imaging. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Pattern Recognition, Automated / methods. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods

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  • (PMID = 18491532.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z99 CL999999
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS101228; NLM/ PMC2669284
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63. Choi H, Choi KY, Eun CS, Jang HJ, Park DI, Chang DK, Kim JO, Ko BM, Lee MS, Huh KC, Han DS, Byeon JS, Yang SK, Kim JH, Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases: Korean experience with double balloon endoscopy: Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases multi-center study. Gastrointest Endosc; 2007 Sep;66(3 Suppl):S22-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Gastrointestinal Bleeding.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTERVENTIONS: Subjects underwent 311 procedures with DBE via the oral and/or anal routes.
  • CONCLUSIONS: DBE is safe and useful for diagnosis and treatment of a variety of small-bowel diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Pain / etiology. Diarrhea / etiology. Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestine, Small
  • [MeSH-minor] Capsule Endoscopy. Chronic Disease. Diagnosis, Differential. Equipment Design. Feasibility Studies. Humans. Intestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Korea. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Treatment Outcome. Ulcer / diagnosis. Ulcer / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17709024.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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64. Casadesus D: Surgical resection of rectal adenoma: a rapid review. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Aug 21;15(31):3851-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Transanal excision (TE), endoscopic transanal resection (ETAR) and transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) can be used to remove adenomatous polyps.
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / pathology. Anal Canal / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / adverse effects. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Endoscopy / methods. Humans. Microsurgery / methods. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Rectum / pathology. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19701964.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 41
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2731246
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65. Oncel M, Church JM, Remzi FH, Fazio VW: Colonic surgery in patients with juvenile polyposis syndrome: a case series. Dis Colon Rectum; 2005 Jan;48(1):49-55; discussion 55-6
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Juvenile polyposis syndrome.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: Juvenile polyposis syndrome is characterized by multiple hamartomatous polyps in the large intestine.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes of the surgical options in juvenile polyposis syndrome patients who present with symptomatic colonic polyps.
  • The following data were abstracted: demographics, the number and site of the polyps, symptoms, the intervals and types of the colonic operation, follow-up, and the patients' current status.
  • RESULTS: There were 13 patients (6 males) with a median age of 10 years (range, 1-50 years) at the time of diagnosis.
  • Patients had colonic (n = 13), rectal (n = 12), and gastric (n = 6) polyps.
  • Therefore, eight patients had their rectum removed during the study period; five had an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis, one had a Koch pouch as a restorative surgery, and two had an end ileostomy.
  • No relation was observed between the number of colonic and rectal polyps and the type of surgery or the need for proctectomy.
  • During this period, one patient (20 percent) who underwent restorative proctectomy and 4 patients (80 percent) whose rectums were preserved required multiple endoscopic polypectomies for recurrent polyps in the pouch (first patient) or their rectums (the other four patients).
  • The patient who underwent the Koch procedure required surgery for recurrent polyps in her pouch.
  • The number of colonic or rectal polyps does not influence the choice of the surgical procedure.
  • Both restorative proctocolectomy and subtotal colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis need endoscopic follow-up because of the high recurrence rates of juvenile polyps in the remnant rectum or pouch.

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  • (PMID = 15690657.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Nikpour S, Ali Asgari A: Colonoscopic evaluation of minimal rectal bleeding in average-risk patients for colorectal cancer. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Nov 14;14(42):6536-40
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colorectal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Neoplastic polyps, colorectal carcinoma, and IBD were defined as significant lesions.
  • Hemorrhoids (54.2%), anal fissures (14.2%) and ulcerative colitis (14.2%) were the most common lesions and colonoscopy was normal in 8.0%.
  • Significant lesions were found in 121 (30.1%) patients, including 26 patients (6.5%) with adenocarcinoma and 30 (7.5%) with adenomatous polyps.
  • Almost all patients with significant lesions had at least one lesion in the distal colon; an adenocarcinoma and an adenomatous polyp in the proximal colon were found in 2 patients with hemorrhoids.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenomatous Polyps / diagnosis. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hemorrhage / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Colitis, Ulcerative / complications. Colitis, Ulcerative / diagnosis. Female. Fissure in Ano / complications. Fissure in Ano / diagnosis. Hemorrhoids / complications. Hemorrhoids / diagnosis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Patient Selection. Predictive Value of Tests. Prevalence. Prospective Studies. Rectum. Risk Assessment. Sigmoidoscopy. Young Adult


67. Shin A, Shrubsole MJ, Rice JM, Cai Q, Doll MA, Long J, Smalley WE, Shyr Y, Sinha R, Ness RM, Hein DW, Zheng W: Meat intake, heterocyclic amine exposure, and metabolizing enzyme polymorphisms in relation to colorectal polyp risk. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2008 Feb;17(2):320-9
Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base. meta-databases - Pharmacogenomic Annotation 981802734 for PMID:18268115 [PharmGKB] .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Meat intake, heterocyclic amine exposure, and metabolizing enzyme polymorphisms in relation to colorectal polyp risk.
  • Most colorectal cancers arise from adenomatous polyps or certain hyperplastic polyps.
  • Only a few studies have investigated potential genetic modifiers of the associations between meat intake and polyp risk, and results are inconsistent.
  • Using data from the Tennessee Colorectal Polyp Study, a large colonoscopy-based study, including 1,002 polyp cases (557 adenoma only, 250 hyperplastic polyp only, 195 both polyps) and 1,493 polyp-free patients, we evaluated the association of colorectal polyp risk with carcinogen exposure from meat and genetic polymorphisms in enzymes involved in heterocyclic amine (HCA) metabolism, including N-acetyltransferase 1 (NAT1) and N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT2), cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2), and aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR).
  • No clear association was found for any polymorphisms with polyp risk.
  • However, apparent interactions were found for intake of meat and HCAs with AhR, NAT1, and NAT2 genotypes, and the interactions were statistically significant for the group with both adenomatous and hyperplastic polyps.
  • These results provide strong evidence for a modifying effect of metabolizing genes on the association of meat intake and HCA exposure with colorectal polyp risk.

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  • (PMID = 18268115.001).
  • [ISSN] 1055-9965
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA950103; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA095103; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095103-010005; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA097386-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA097386; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA034627; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA097386-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA34627; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA034627-15; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA095103-010005
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon; 9035-51-2 / Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System; EC 2.3.1.- / Acetyltransferases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS72769; NLM/ PMC2572782
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68. Filingeri V, Gravante G, Cassisa D: Clinical applications of radiofrequency in proctology: a review. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci; 2006 Mar-Apr;10(2):79-85

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The authors describe the use of radiofrequencies in proctology by making a literature review for every major proctologic disease (hemorrhoids, anal fistulas, anal fissure, sinus pilonidalis, hypertrophied anal papillae).
  • In the treatment of anal fissures, radiofrequency subcutaneous lateral internal sphincterotomy has been described.
  • For anal fistulas, both radiofrequency fistulotomy and fistulectomy.
  • Finally, radiofrequency sinotomy for sinus pilonidalis and coagulation for hypertrophied anal papillae are present in literature.
  • [MeSH-minor] Fissure in Ano / surgery. Hemorrhoids / surgery. Humans. Polyps / surgery. Rectal Fistula / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16705953.001).
  • [ISSN] 1128-3602
  • [Journal-full-title] European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 72
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69. Wang H, Fu CG, Chai R, Cao FA, Yu ED, Zhang W, Liu LJ, Hao LQ, Meng RG: [Lymph node metastasis and its risk factors in T1-2 staging invasive rectal carcinoma]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2010 Jul 1;48(13):968-71

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The clinicopathological factors analyzed included gender, age, primary symptom type, number of symptoms, duration of symptom, synchronous polyps, preoperative serum carcino-embryonic antigen level, preoperative serum CA19-9 level, the distance of tumor from the anal verge, tumor size, tumor morphological type, tumor circumferential extent, tumor differentiation and tumor T staging.

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  • (PMID = 21054977.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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70. May A, Nachbar L, Ell C: Double-balloon enteroscopy (push-and-pull enteroscopy) of the small bowel: feasibility and diagnostic and therapeutic yield in patients with suspected small bowel disease. Gastrointest Endosc; 2005 Jul;62(1):62-70
ClinicalTrials.gov. clinical trials - ClinicalTrials.gov .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • On average, 240 +/- 100 cm of the small bowel was visualized by using the oral route and 140 +/- 90 cm was visualized by using the anal route.
  • The main diagnosis was angiodysplasia (40/109; 37%); erosions and ulcerations of various etiologies were found in 27% (29/109).
  • Polyps and tumors were identified, including malignancy, in 25% (27/109).
  • Visualization and tissue sampling are possible in the entire small bowel by using the oral and anal approaches, and treatment is possible in the same way as in standard endoscopy, avoiding open surgery.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Equipment Design. Feasibility Studies. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] Gastrointest Endosc. 2005 Jul;62(1):71-5 [15990822.001]
  • (PMID = 15990821.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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71. Linguraru MG, Zhao S, Van Uitert RL, Liu J, Fletcher JG, Manduca A, Summers RM: CAD of colon cancer on CT colonography cases without cathartic bowel preparation. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc; 2008;2008:2996-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems must show sufficient versatility to produce robust analysis on a large variety of data.
  • This procedure introduces additional challenges for the diagnosis, such as poorly tagged stool, stool sticking to colonic walls, and heterogeneous stool (tagged stool mixed with air or untagged stool).
  • Colonoscopy data are automatically cleansed of residual stool to enhance the polyp appearance for improved diagnosis.
  • Results show stool removal accuracy on polyps which are partially or fully covered by stool.
  • The automatic detection of colon polyps using our CAD system on cathartic-free data improves considerably with the addition of the automatic stool removal module from 74% to 86% true positive (TP) rate at 6.4 false positives (FP)/case.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / diagnostic imaging. Colon / pathology. Colonography, Computed Tomographic / methods. Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods. Pattern Recognition, Automated / methods

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  • [Cites] Med Image Anal. 2001 Sep;5(3):195-206 [11524226.001]
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  • (PMID = 19163336.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-170X
  • [Journal-full-title] Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z99 CL999999
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Laxatives
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS69939; NLM/ PMC2630581
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72. Jin HY, Ye H, Wu KL, Zhu Y, Zhang JH, Liu P, Zhang TE, Ding YJ: [Indications for colonoscopy examination and its disease distribution: a report of 5690 cases]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2006 May;9(3):214-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The reasons for colonoscopy included hemafecia (26.9%), atypical abdominal pain (25.8%), diarrhea or increased frequency of stool (11.1%), anal tenesmus or discomfort (7.6%), constipation (7.0%),mucous or bloody purulent stool (3.0%), intra-rectal mass or abdominal mass on physical examination (0.9%), re- examination after colonoscopic polypectomy (10.9%), re-examination after operation for colorectal cancer(1.5%), simple health examination (2.2%).
  • Among them,colorectal cancer accounted for 10.3%, colorectal polyps 19.6%, ulcerative colitis 4.3%, and Crohn's disease 0.5% respectively.
  • Colonoscopy should be performed in the cases with symptoms such as bloody stool, diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, or with colorectal polyps, after operation for colorectal cancer,or as members of hereditary colorectal cancer family.
  • [MeSH-major] Colonic Diseases / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Early Diagnosis. Female. Humans. Ileocecal Valve. Male. Middle Aged. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 16721680.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-0274
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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73. Tsagaan B, Näppi J, Yoshida H: Nonlinear regression-based method for pseudoenhancement correction in CT colonography. Med Phys; 2009 Aug;36(8):3596-606

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The effect of the correction was also tested on the size measurement of polyps that were covered by tagging in phantoms and in clinical cases.
  • In phantom cases, before the correction, the diameters of 12 simulated polyps submerged in tagged fluids that were measured in a soft-tissue CT display were significantly different from those measured in an untagged phantom (p<0.01), whereas after the correction the difference was not significant.
  • In clinical cases, before the correction, the diameters of 29 colonoscopy-confirmed 3-14 mm polyps affected by tagging that were measured in a soft-tissue CT display were significantly different from those measured in a lung CT display (p<0.0001) or in colonoscopy (p<0.05), whereas after the correction the difference was not significant.
  • Finally, the effect of the correction was tested on automated detection of 25 polyps > or =6 mm affected by tagging in 56 clinical CTC cases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Artifacts. Colonic Polyps / diagnostic imaging. Humans. Phantoms, Imaging. Regression Analysis. Reproducibility of Results

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  • (PMID = 19746794.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095279; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA095279; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095279
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2721763
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74. Wang S, Li L, Cohen H, Mankes S, Chen JJ, Liang Z: An EM approach to MAP solution of segmenting tissue mixture percentages with application to CT-based virtual colonoscopy. Med Phys; 2008 Dec;35(12):5787-98
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Contrast Media / pharmacology. Early Detection of Cancer. Equipment Design. Humans. Intestines / pathology. Models, Statistical. Models, Theoretical

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  • (PMID = 19175136.001).
  • [ISSN] 0094-2405
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA120917-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402-06; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402-04A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA120917; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082402-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA120917; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA120917-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082402; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R33 CA120917
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS74380; NLM/ PMC2633412
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75. Maser EA, Present DH: Pouch-ouch. Curr Opin Gastroenterol; 2008 Jan;24(1):70-4
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  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: For patients who require colectomy, the ileal pouch anal anastomosis operation has alleviated the need for permanent ileostomy and has improved associated self-esteem issues.
  • This review highlights the most recent research in the pathophysiology, risk factors, diagnosis and management of pouchitis, and pouch surveillance for neoplasia in patients who had ulcerative colitis.
  • Cancer in the residual rectal mucosa, in the ileal mucosa, and in pouch polyps occurs frequently enough to warrant surveillance.
  • [MeSH-minor] Algorithms. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Monitoring, Physiologic. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / physiopathology. Postoperative Complications / therapy. Precancerous Conditions / pathology. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 18043236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-7056
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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76. Cruz-Correa M, Shoskes DA, Sanchez P, Zhao R, Hylind LM, Wexner SD, Giardiello FM: Combination treatment with curcumin and quercetin of adenomas in familial adenomatous polyposis. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2006 Aug;4(8):1035-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND & AIMS: Familialadenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by the development of hundreds of colorectal adenomas and eventual colorectal cancer.
  • METHODS: Five FAP patients with prior colectomy (4 with retained rectum and 1 with an ileal anal pouch) received curcumin 480 mg and quercetin 20 mg orally 3 times a day.
  • The number and size of polyps were assessed at baseline and after therapy.
  • The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to determine differences in the number and size of polyps.
  • RESULTS: All 5 patients had a decreased polyp number and size from baseline after a mean of 6 months of treatment with curcumin and quercetin.
  • The mean percent decrease in the number and size of polyps from baseline was 60.4% (P < .05) and 50.9% (P < .05), respectively.

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  • (PMID = 16757216.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-3565
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical gastroenterology and hepatology : the official clinical practice journal of the American Gastroenterological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 53801; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07 CA092445; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA 62924-10
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Antioxidants; 9IKM0I5T1E / Quercetin; IT942ZTH98 / Curcumin
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77. Pérez-Cuadrado E, Más P, Hallal H, Shanabo J, Muñoz E, Ortega I, López Martín A, Torrella E, López Higueras A, Martín A, Carballo F: Double-balloon enteroscopy: a descriptive study of 50 explorations. Rev Esp Enferm Dig; 2006 Feb;98(2):73-81

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: We carried out enteroscopy studies in 44 patients by the oral route and, in 6 additional patients, by both the oral and anal routes.
  • We reached the ileon with the oral route in all cases but one (jejunal stenosis), and in 4 cases out of 7 with the anal route, with an average duration of 73 minutes.
  • We treated 19 patients with angiodysplasia (1 to 20 synchronous lesions) with argon, and 4 patients with polyps using polipectomy (sporadic polyps or Peutz-Jeghers syndrome).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Double-balloon enteroscopy is a useful and effective technique in the diagnosis and treatment of small intestine diseases, thus complementing capsule endoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestine, Small / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Rev Esp Enferm Dig. 2006 Feb;98(2):65-8, 69-72 [16566638.001]
  • (PMID = 16566639.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-0108
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Enferm Dig
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Capsules
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78. Shen R, Tao L, Xu Y, Chang S, Van Brocklyn J, Gao JX: Reversibility of aberrant global DNA and estrogen receptor-alpha gene methylation distinguishes colorectal precancer from cancer. Int J Clin Exp Pathol; 2009;2(1):21-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • However, the significance of epigenetic changes for diagnosis and/or prognosis of colorectal cancer have not been established, although it has been extensively investigated.
  • Herein we show that global DNA hypomethylation and ER-alpha gene hypermethylation are progressively enhanced from hyperplastic polyps (HPs) --> adenomatous polyps (APs) --> adenomatous carcinoma (AdCa).

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  • (PMID = 18830381.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-2625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical and experimental pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Clin Exp Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; DNA methylation / Precancer / cancer progression / colorectal cancer / epigenetic / estrogen receptor-α / nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs / tumor initiation
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79. Pufulete M, Al-Ghnaniem R, Rennie JA, Appleby P, Harris N, Gout S, Emery PW, Sanders TA: Influence of folate status on genomic DNA methylation in colonic mucosa of subjects without colorectal adenoma or cancer. Br J Cancer; 2005 Mar 14;92(5):838-42
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. FOLIC ACID .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A total of 68 subjects (33 men and 35 women, 36-78 years) free from colorectal polyps or cancer were recruited in a cross-sectional study.

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  • (PMID = 15726099.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0LVT1QZ0BA / Homocysteine; 9007-49-2 / DNA; 935E97BOY8 / Folic Acid; EC 1.5.1.20 / Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2); EC 2.1.1.13 / 5-Methyltetrahydrofolate-Homocysteine S-Methyltransferase; EC 4.2.1.22 / Cystathionine beta-Synthase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2361912
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80. Mittal R, Perakath B, Chase S, Jesudason MR, Nayak S: Transanal excision of anorectal lesions--a single centre experience. Trop Gastroenterol; 2010 Jan-Mar;31(1):65-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Tubulovillous adenomas and hyperplastic polyps were the commonest benign lesions.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anal Canal / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Palliative Care. Postoperative Complications. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20860237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-636X
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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81. Ye H, Montgomery E, Epstein JI: Incidental anorectal pathologic findings in prostatic needle core biopsies: a 13-year experience from a genitourinary pathology consult service. Hum Pathol; 2010 Dec;41(12):1674-81
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  • (1) Neoplasia and polyps (n = 10).
  • Other neoplastic findings included 1 with low-grade B-cell lymphoma, 3 with hyperplastic polyps, 3 with tubular adenomas, and 1 with anal mucosa with high-grade dysplasia that was found to be a contaminant from another case. (2) Inflammatory changes (n = 20).
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Diseases / diagnosis. Incidental Findings. Prostatic Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / pathology. Adenoma / surgery. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Referral and Consultation

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20869745.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Goto H: Diagnosis and treatment of small bowel diseases are advanced by capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy. Clin J Gastroenterol; 2010 Oct;3(5):219-25

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  • [Title] Diagnosis and treatment of small bowel diseases are advanced by capsule endoscopy and double-balloon enteroscopy.
  • DBE, which was developed by Yamamoto, employs two balloons combined with an overtube and allows deeper insertion into the small bowel, and can be a modality for examination of the entire small bowel with combined oral and anal approaches.
  • This modality enables biopsy specimens to be taken, polyps to be resected and hemostatic procedures to be performed throughout the small bowel.
  • The understanding of small bowel disease is being extended by using CE and DBE for diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 26190324.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-7257
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Capsule endoscopy / Double-balloon enteroscopy / Small bowel
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83. Lakatos PL, Fuszek P, Horvath HC, Zubek L, Haller P, Papp J: Double-balloon enteroscopy for the diagnosis and treatment of obscure bleeding, inflammatory bowel diseases and polyposis syndromes: we see more but do we know more? Hepatogastroenterology; 2008 Jan-Feb;55(81):133-7

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  • [Title] Double-balloon enteroscopy for the diagnosis and treatment of obscure bleeding, inflammatory bowel diseases and polyposis syndromes: we see more but do we know more?
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our aim was to report our experience with the Fujinon EN-450 T5 therapeutic double-balloon endoscope (DBE) in the diagnosis of small bowel diseases.
  • METHODOLOGY: Between August 2005 and October 2006, 52 DBE procedures were conducted on 47 consecutive patients (M/F: 22/25, age: 51.6 SD 19.5 years) presenting at our tertiary referral hospital (35 and 7 patients from oral and anal route, respectively; 5 patients from both).
  • In patients with polyposis syndromes, polyps were in two Peutz-Jeghers patients, while a further patient with suspected stenosis was diagnosed with primary adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis. Intestinal Diseases / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Endoscopes, Gastrointestinal. Equipment Design. Female. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / surgery. Humans. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / diagnosis. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / surgery. Intestinal Polyposis / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyposis / surgery. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18507092.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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84. Winter L, Bruhn H, Langrehr J, Neuhaus P, Felix R, Hänninen LE: Magnetic resonance imaging in suspected rectal cancer: determining tumor localization, stage, and sphincter-saving resectability at 3-Tesla-sustained high resolution. Acta Radiol; 2007 May;48(4):379-87
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  • Transverse T2-weighted fast spin-echo images compared superiorly to all other sequences for the diagnosis of mesorectal infiltration and lymph node involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / surgery. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenomatous Polyps / diagnosis. Adenomatous Polyps / pathology. Adenomatous Polyps / surgery. Aged. Contrast Media. Cytomegalovirus Infections / diagnosis. Fascia / pathology. Humans. Image Enhancement / methods. Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Predictive Value of Tests. Preoperative Care. Proctitis / diagnosis. Proctitis / virology. Prospective Studies. Rectum / pathology. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17453515.001).
  • [ISSN] 0284-1851
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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85. Jeon J, Meza R, Moolgavkar SH, Luebeck EG: Evaluation of screening strategies for pre-malignant lesions using a biomathematical approach. Math Biosci; 2008 May;213(1):56-70
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  • We apply these expressions to simulate the natural history of colorectal cancer and to evaluate the effect of a screen for adenomatous polyps and concomitant intervention on cancer risk.

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  • (PMID = 18374369.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-5564
  • [Journal-full-title] Mathematical biosciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Math Biosci
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA107028-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA047658; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107028; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107028-04
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS50592; NLM/ PMC2442130
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86. Mönkemüller K, Weigt J, Treiber G, Kolfenbach S, Kahl S, Röcken C, Ebert M, Fry LC, Malfertheiner P: Diagnostic and therapeutic impact of double-balloon enteroscopy. Endoscopy; 2006 Jan;38(1):67-72
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Gastrointestinal Bleeding.

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  • RESULTS: Seventy DBE procedures were carried out in 53 patients (34 men, 19 women; mean age 60 years, range 24 - 80) by the oral route in 46 cases and the anal route in 24.
  • The indications for the examination were gastrointestinal bleeding (n = 29), suspected Crohn's disease (n = 6), abdominal pain (n = 4), polyp removal or evaluation in polyposis syndromes (n = 6), chronic diarrhea (n = 4), and surveillance or tumor search (n = 4).
  • A new diagnosis was obtained in 26 of the 53 patients (49 %).
  • The findings in the 70 procedures were angiodysplasia (n = 13), ulcerations or erosions (n = 5), jejunitis or ileitis (n = 5), tumors (n = 5), stenosis (n = 4), polyps (n = 5), lymphangiectasias (n = 4), Crohn's disease (n = 4), and normal (n = 17).
  • CONCLUSION: In almost two-thirds of the patients examined, DBE was clinically useful for obtaining a new diagnosis and starting new treatments, changing existing treatments, carrying out surgical intervention, or providing therapeutic endoscopy.
  • DBE is a useful and safe method of obtaining tissue for diagnosis, providing hemostasis, and carrying out polypectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Crohn Disease / diagnosis. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal / methods. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Intestinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Angiodysplasia / diagnosis. Colonic Polyps / diagnosis. Female. Hemostasis, Surgical. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • [CommentIn] Gastroenterology. 2006 Sep;131(3):969-71 [16952572.001]
  • (PMID = 16429357.001).
  • [ISSN] 0013-726X
  • [Journal-full-title] Endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endoscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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87. Zakharash MP, Mel'nik VM, Poĭda AI: [Method of postcolectomy syndrome prophylaxis]. Khirurgiia (Mosk); 2007;(4):39-44
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ulcerative Colitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / surgery. Colectomy / adverse effects. Colitis, Ulcerative / surgery. Colonic Polyps / surgery. Ileostomy. Ileum / surgery. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 17690631.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-1207
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Mosk)
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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88. Moussata D, Nancey S, Lapalus MG, Prost B, Chavaillon A, Bernard G, Ponchon T, Saurin JC: Frequency and severity of ileal adenomas in familial adenomatous polyposis after colectomy. Endoscopy; 2008 Feb;40(2):120-5
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  • BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: The high cumulative risk of colorectal cancer in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) justifies prophylactic colectomy with either ileorectal (IRA) or ileal-pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA).
  • All patients were followed with a standardized procedure including chromoscopy and biopsies of visible polyps.
  • RESULTS: In the IPAA group, 18/23 patients (78 %) presented with visible polyps [histology: 16 (70 %) had adenoma with low-grade dysplasia; 1 (4 %) had adenoma with high-grade dysplasia; 1 had normal mucosa].
  • The mean interval between colectomy and the diagnosis of adenoma was 4.7 +/- 3.3 years.
  • In the IRA group, 16/21 patients (77 %) presented visible polyps in the ileal mucosa [adenoma with low-grade dysplasia in 8 patients (38 %), with high-grade dysplasia in 2 (10 %), and lymphoid nodular hyperplasia in 6].
  • The mean interval between colectomy and adenoma diagnosis was significantly shorter in the IPAA than in the IRA group (4.76 +/- 3.3 vs. 16.4 +/- 8.5 years, P< 0.0001).


89. Ouaïssi M, Panis Y, Sielezneff I, Alves A, Pirrò N, Robitail S, Heyries L, Valleur P, Sastre B: Long-term outcome after ampullectomy for ampullary lesions associated with familial adenomatous polyposis. Dis Colon Rectum; 2005 Dec;48(12):2192-6
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  • Six patients had an ileal pouch-anal anastomosis performed 2 to 27 years before ampullectomy.
  • The remaining two patients had ampullectomy during the same operation than ileal pouch-anal anastomosis.
  • During endoscopic follow-up, although all the patients underwent endoscopic resection of duodenal polyps, none presented recurrence at the ampullectomy site.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / prevention & control. Adult. Aged. Anal Canal / surgery. Anastomosis, Surgical. Colonic Neoplasms / prevention & control. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ileum / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Morbidity. Pancreatic Neoplasms / prevention & control. Pancreaticoduodenectomy. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 16228827.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Kuhne HP, Göller T, Schneider I, Bozkurt T, Becker HP: [Unclear per anum bleeding during pregnancy]. Chirurg; 2005 Aug;76(8):765-8
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  • Rectoscopy showed the cause to be a polyp the size of a fingertip 9 cm from the anus.
  • About 1 year later, the same patient experienced sharp pains and anal bleeding during defecation.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Melena / etiology. Neuroendocrine Tumors / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications / etiology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis. Puerperal Disorders / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Intestinal Mucosa / surgery. Lymphatic Metastasis. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Pregnancy. Rectum / pathology. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15971036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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91. Orbell J, West NJ: Improving detection of colorectal cancer. Practitioner; 2010 Oct;254(1733):17-21, 2-3
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  • Adenomas are more common with age and one in four of the population aged over 50 will develop one or more polyps, with 10% of these polyps progressing to cancer over time.
  • Rectal bleeding in the absence of anal symptoms occurs in over 60% of those with cancer, and a palpable rectal mass with or without tenesmus is present in 40-80% of those with rectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21141248.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-6518
  • [Journal-full-title] The Practitioner
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Practitioner
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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92. Belshaw NJ, Elliott GO, Foxall RJ, Dainty JR, Pal N, Coupe A, Garg D, Bradburn DM, Mathers JC, Johnson IT: Profiling CpG island field methylation in both morphologically normal and neoplastic human colonic mucosa. Br J Cancer; 2008 Jul 8;99(1):136-42
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

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  • Quantitative methylation-specific PCR profiling applied to biopsies was used to quantify low levels of CGI methylation of 18 genes in the morphologically normal colonic mucosa of neoplasia-free subjects, adenomatous polyp patients, cancer patients and their tumours.
  • Multinomial logistic regression models based on the CGI methylation profiles from normal mucosa correctly identified 78.9% of cancer patients and 87.9% of non-cancer (neoplasia-free+polyp) patients (P=4.93 x 10(-7)) using APC, HPP1, p16, SFRP4, WIF1 and ESR1 methylation as the most informative variables.
  • Similarly, CGI methylation of SFRP4, SFRP5 and WIF1 correctly identified 61.5% of polyp patients and 78.9% of neoplasia-free subjects (P=0.0167).

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  • (PMID = 18542073.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2453007
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93. Kadmon M: [Preventive surgery for familial adenomatous polyposis coli]. Chirurg; 2005 Dec;76(12):1125-34
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colorectal Cancer.

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  • However, prophylactic colectomy after the manifestation of polyps but prior to the development of colorectal cancer is essential.
  • In case of the classic FAP phenotype, restorative proctocolectomy and ileal pouch-anal anastomosis is the procedure of choice.
  • The development of reliable guidelines for attenuated FAP variants requires further evidence from clinical studies on surgical strategy and the advantages of prophylactic surgery over regular endoscopic screening with removal of polyps.

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  • (PMID = 16323029.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 70
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94. Qiu HZ, Lin GL, Zhou JL, Xiao Y, Wu B: [Transanal endoscopic microsurgery for the treatment of localized rectal neoplasms]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Jul 1;47(13):981-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The average distance of lesions from the anal verge was (7.6 +/- 2.8) cm (range, 5-20 cm).
  • The postoperative pathological examination identified 28 cases of rectal adenoma, 25 rectal adenocarcinoma or carcinomatous changes of adenoma (14 cases with phase Tis tumor, 5 cases T1 and 6 cases T2), 7 rectal carcinoid and 15 cases of inflammatory polyps or others.
  • Postoperative complications occurred in 4 cases (5.3%), included 2 cases of anal hemorrhage, 1 case of pulmonary infection and 1 urinary infection.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anal Canal / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19957806.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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95. Sierra R, Bajka M, Székely G: Tumor growth models to generate pathologies for surgical training simulators. Med Image Anal; 2006 Jun;10(3):305-16
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  • Emphasis was placed on the modeling of growth processes leading to the generation of macroscopically realistic findings of the most common pathologies in hysteroscopy, namely polyps and myomas found in the uterine cavity.

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  • (PMID = 16520084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1361-8415
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical image analysis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Image Anal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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96. Strijbos SA, Hueting WE, Schipper ME, Oostvogel HJ, van Vroonhoven TJ, Gooszen HG, van Laarhoven CJ: The ileo neo rectal anastomosis (INRA) in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis: clinical results at two years. Colorectal Dis; 2005 Jul;7(4):354-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - After Surgery.

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  • The aims of the present study were to evaluate the function of the neorectum, to assess the morbidity and complications of the operation and to determine the incidence of neorectal polyps.
  • The anal sphincter complex was assessed by manometry and ultrasound examination.
  • Endoscopic examination showed normal mucosa and no evidence of polyp formation in all patients.
  • At a minimum follow up period of two years, no growth of polyps in the neorectum occurred.

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  • (PMID = 15932558.001).
  • [ISSN] 1462-8910
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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97. Juhn E, Khachemoune A: Gardner syndrome: skin manifestations, differential diagnosis and management. Am J Clin Dermatol; 2010;11(2):117-22
The Weizmann Institute of Science GeneCards and MalaCards databases. gene/protein/disease-specific - MalaCards for gardner syndrome .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Gardner syndrome: skin manifestations, differential diagnosis and management.
  • Gardner syndrome is a variant of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and results in the manifestation of numerous external and internal symptoms including gastrointestinal polyps, osteomas, tumors, and epidermoid cysts.
  • Fortunately, Gardner syndrome has characteristic polyps in the colon, osteomas, and also exhibits abnormalities in the retinal epithelium that discern it from others.
  • Surgery is the most effective method of management for Gardner syndrome; restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis with mucosectomy is the top choice for colonic malignancies, and skin manifestations can be treated through a variety of excisions and therapy depending on location, size, and number of malignancies.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / genetics. Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / diagnosis. Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis / therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Genetic Counseling / methods. Humans. Mutation

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  • (PMID = 20141232.001).
  • [ISSN] 1175-0561
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Clin Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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98. Ramakrishnan K, Scheid DC: Selecting patients for flexible sigmoidoscopy. Determinants of incomplete depth of insertion. Cancer; 2005 Mar 15;103(6):1179-85
COS Scholar Universe. author profiles.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Incomplete depth of insertion (IDI) during FS may result in missed polyps and carcinomas.
  • A questionnaire was administered to the patient by the investigator prior to FS to collect data, including age, gender, weight, comorbid illnesses, history of prior abdominal and pelvic surgeries, family history of colon carcinoma or polyps, and prior FS or colonoscopies.
  • The depth of insertion of the flexible sigmoidoscope from the anal verge, which was defined as the reading on the outside of the instrument at its maximal insertion, was measured in centimeters.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sigmoidoscopes. Sigmoidoscopy / methods

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  • (PMID = 15674852.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Baltgalvis KA, Berger FG, Peña MM, Davis JM, White JP, Carson JA: Muscle wasting and interleukin-6-induced atrogin-I expression in the cachectic Apc ( Min/+ ) mouse. Pflugers Arch; 2009 Mar;457(5):989-1001
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Gene Expression. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Male. Mice. Mice, Inbred C57BL. Mice, Inbred Strains. Muscle Strength / physiology. Muscle, Skeletal / pathology. Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology. Myofibrils / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18712412.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2013
  • [Journal-full-title] Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pflugers Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / T32 AR007612; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR017698; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR-017698; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / T32 AR007612-08; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA121249
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Muscle Proteins; 0 / Rnf30 protein, mouse; EC 2.3.2.27 / Fbxo32 protein, mouse; EC 2.3.2.27 / SKP Cullin F-Box Protein Ligases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS197362; NLM/ PMC2867110
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100. Wejman J, Bielecki K, Ostrowska J, Baczuk L, Perkowska-Ptasińska A, Tarnowski W: Pathological analysis of lesions within intestines resected due to ulcerative colitis. Pol J Pathol; 2006;57(2):113-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ulcerative Colitis.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Exacerbations of the disease may result in the necessity of surgical treatment, typically in the form of total proctocolectomy accompanied by the subsequent formation of ileo-pouch-anal anastomosis.
  • We reviewed macroscopic characteristics of intestines (i.e. the length of resected fragments, localization, shape and diameter of the ulcers, polyps, number of resected lymph nodes), as well as microscopic descriptions concerning, among others the character and localization of inflammatory infiltrate, the architecture of glands, the presence of crypt abscesses and Paneth's metaplasia.
  • There were 3 cases, in which histological assessment revealed the presence of malignancy (2 cases of mucus producing adenocarcinoma and one case of carcinoma in situ situated in the anal canal).

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Ulcerative Colitis.
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  • (PMID = 17019974.001).
  • [ISSN] 1233-9687
  • [Journal-full-title] Polish journal of pathology : official journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol J Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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