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1. Ringash J, Lockwood G, O'Sullivan B, Warde P, Bayley A, Cummings B, Kim J, Sellmann S, Waldron J: Hyperfractionated, accelerated radiotherapy for locally advanced head and neck cancer: quality of life in a prospective phase I/II trial. Radiother Oncol; 2008 May;87(2):181-7
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  • (L2) 62Gy, 1.55Gy/fraction; and (L3) 64Gy, 1.6Gy/fraction.
  • A mixed-model analysis of determinants of QOL showed no dose effect among L1 (n=22), L2 (n=26) or L3 (n=123).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Dose Fractionation. Enteral Nutrition. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Radiotherapy Dosage. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18215435.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-8140
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiother Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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2. Carlisle E, Luna M, Tsou PM, Wang JC: Percent spinal canal compromise on MRI utilized for predicting the need for surgical treatment in single-level lumbar intervertebral disc herniation. Spine J; 2005 Nov-Dec;5(6):608-14
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  • The nonoperative group's overall mean herniated disc area was 178.4 mm(2), 135.1 at L2-3, 160.3 at L4-5, and 207.4 at L5-S1.
  • The nonoperative group's overall mean canal cross-sectional area was 541.3 mm(2), 518.1 at L2-3, 446.8 at L4-5, and 669.9 at L5-S1.
  • The overall percent canal compromise in the nonoperative group was 34.2%, 34.1% at L2-3, 36.1% at L4-5, and 31.8% at L5-S1.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anatomy, Cross-Sectional / methods. Anatomy, Cross-Sectional / statistics & numerical data. Comorbidity. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Reproducibility of Results. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment / methods. Risk Factors. Sciatica / diagnosis. Sciatica / epidemiology. Sciatica / prevention & control. Sensitivity and Specificity. Severity of Illness Index. United States / epidemiology

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  • [CommentIn] Spine J. 2006 Jul-Aug;6(4):355-6 [16825038.001]
  • (PMID = 16291099.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-9430
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Singh K, Samartzis D, Vaccaro AR, Nassr A, Andersson GB, Yoon ST, Phillips FM, Goldberg EJ, An HS: Congenital lumbar spinal stenosis: a prospective, control-matched, cohort radiographic analysis. Spine J; 2005 Nov-Dec;5(6):615-22
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  • From these 30 patients, a lateral, lumbar, plain radiograph and axial and sagittal MRIs (T1/T2 weighted) from L2-L5 were quantitatively analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The cross-sectional area of the canal was significantly smaller in the congenitally stenotic patients at all lumbar levels measured (L2: 176 mm(2) vs. 259 mm(2), L3: 177 mm(2) vs. 275 mm(2), L4: 183 mm(2) vs. 283 mm(2), L5: 213 mm(2) vs. 323 mm(2), p<.05).
  • Pedicle length was markedly shorter in the stenosis group at each lumbar level (L2: 5.9 mm vs. 8.9 mm, L3: 6.0 mm vs. 8.8 mm, L4: 6.5 mm vs. 9.2 mm, L5: 5.8 mm vs. 9.1 mm, p<.05).
  • A ratio of the AP diameter of the pedicle length to the vertebral body was also noted to be statistically significant on both the lateral plain radiographs (L3: 0.426 vs. 0.704) and sagittal MRI (L2: 0.343 vs. 0.461, L3: 0.361 vs. 0.461, L4: 0.362 vs. 0.481, L5: 0.354 vs. 0.452, p<.05).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cohort Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Observer Variation. Prognosis. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity. Single-Blind Method. United States / epidemiology


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4. Campos MA, Fernandes P, Dolan LA, Weinstein SL: Infantile thoracolumbar kyphosis secondary to lumbar hypoplasia. J Bone Joint Surg Am; 2008 Aug;90(8):1726-9
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  • BACKGROUND: There is a normal transition from the kyphotic alignment that is present in the spine of the newborn to the normal sagittal contours that are present in the adult spine.
  • Three cases of kyphosis were secondary to L1 hypoplasia, and four were secondary to L2 hypoplasia.

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  • (PMID = 18676904.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-1386
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bone Joint Surg Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Ashraf K, Ashraf O, Bari V, Rafique MZ, Usman MU, Chisti I: Role of focused appendiceal computed tomography in clinically equivocal acute appendicitis. J Pak Med Assoc; 2006 May;56(5):200-3
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  • [Title] Role of focused appendiceal computed tomography in clinically equivocal acute appendicitis.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of FACT (focused appendiceal computed tomography) in evaluation of acute appendicitis.
  • Sixty-three patients with clinically equivocal acute appendicitis underwent thin-section non-enhanced helical CT.
  • Axial scans were obtained in a single breath hold from L2 vertebral level to the pubic symphysis with 5-mm collimation and a pitch of 1.5.
  • Criteria for diagnosis of acute appendicitis included an enlarged appendix (>6 mm diameter) and periappendiceal inflammation.
  • CONCLUSION: Non-enhanced FACT is a highly accurate problem solving technique in clinically equivocal cases of acute appendicitis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Clinical Protocols. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Pakistan. Prospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16767943.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-9982
  • [Journal-full-title] JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pak Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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6. O'Reilly R, Fitzpatrick P, Leen G, Elnazir B, Greally P: Severe bone demineralisation is associated with higher mortality in children with cystic fibrosis. Ir Med J; 2009 Feb;102(2):47-9
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  • In our study, BMD expressed as z score of L2-L4 spine was reduced in a total of 50% children with a preponderance of males.
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adolescent. Adrenal Cortex Hormones. Adult. Age Factors. Body Mass Index. Child. Female. Forced Expiratory Volume. Humans. Ireland / epidemiology. Male. Mutation. Prevalence. Risk Factors. Young Adult


7. Weinstein BJ, Arora T, Thompson LD: Intradural, extramedullary spinal cord granular cell tumor: a case report and clinicopathologic review of the literature. Neuropathology; 2010 Dec;30(6):621-6
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  • The tumors were found at T10 or L1-L2 space.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Low Back Pain / etiology. Lumbar Vertebrae. Male. Neurosurgical Procedures. Thoracic Vertebrae. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Japanese Society of Neuropathology.
  • (PMID = 20113407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1789
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropathology : official journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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8. Trotta A, Corrado A, Cantatore FP: [Anabolic therapy of induced osteoporosis in beta-thalassaemia major: case report and literature review]. Reumatismo; 2010 Apr-Jun;62(2):119-26
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  • Transfusion program and chelating therapy treatment has extended the life expectancy of thalassaemic patient; osteoporosis is considered an important cause of morbidity in adult patients who display increased fracture risk.
  • This is a case report is about a thalassaemic young female with multiple spine fractures (D11, D12 e L2) and lumbar spine DEXA - T score = -3,1 and femoral = -3,4.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Density. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Femoral Fractures / etiology. Femoral Fractures / prevention & control. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae. Risk Factors. Spinal Fractures / etiology. Spinal Fractures / prevention & control. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20657889.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7449
  • [Journal-full-title] Reumatismo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reumatismo
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anabolic Agents; 0 / Bone Density Conservation Agents; 0 / Parathyroid Hormone; 1C6V77QF41 / Cholecalciferol; X1J18R4W8P / Alendronate
  • [Number-of-references] 70
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9. Boztuğ N, Bigat Z, Karsli B, Saykal N, Ertok E: Comparison of ropivacaine and bupivacaine for intrathecal anesthesia during outpatient arthroscopic surgery. J Clin Anesth; 2006 Nov;18(7):521-5
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  • MAIN RESULTS: Onset time for sensory block (mean +/- SD) to L1 and time until sensory block regressed to L2 were shorter in group R.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blood Circulation / drug effects. Female. Humans. Injections, Spinal. Male. Middle Aged. Nerve Block. Patient Discharge. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 17126781.001).
  • [ISSN] 0952-8180
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical anesthesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Anesth
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amides; 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 7IO5LYA57N / ropivacaine; Y8335394RO / Bupivacaine
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10. Mehren C, Mayer HM, Siepe C, Grochulla F, Korge A: [The minimally invasive anterolateral approach to L2-L5]. Oper Orthop Traumatol; 2010 May;22(2):221-8
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  • [Title] [The minimally invasive anterolateral approach to L2-L5].
  • [Transliterated title] Der minimalinvasive anterolaterale Zugang zu L2-L5.
  • OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive anterolateral retroperitoneal approach to the lumbar spinal levels L2-L5.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Bone Transplantation / methods. Diskectomy / instrumentation. Diskectomy / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Care. Retroperitoneal Space / surgery. Surgical Instruments. Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods

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  • (PMID = 20711832.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0981
  • [Journal-full-title] Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oper Orthop Traumatol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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11. Ma K, Jiang C, Yang Q, Wu C, Tang K, Li Z, Jiang B, Wang Y: [Basic and clinical studies on lumbar vertebral canal expansion with preservation of posterior ligaments complex]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Aug;22(8):918-22
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  • There were 55 patients suffering from pure lumbar canal stenosis, and 254 from lumbar canal stenosis combined with lumbar disc herniation, among which 105 were at L4,5 level, 56 at L4-S1 level, 86 at L5, S1 level, and 7 at L2,3 level.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomechanical Phenomena. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Spinal Fusion

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  • (PMID = 18773805.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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12. Fuentes S, Blondel B, Metellus P, Gaudart J, Adetchessi T, Dufour H: Percutaneous kyphoplasty and pedicle screw fixation for the management of thoraco-lumbar burst fractures. Eur Spine J; 2010 Aug;19(8):1281-7
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  • All the patients had burst vertebral fractures classified type A3 on the Magerl scale, between levels T9 and L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Bone Screws. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Cites] J Neurosurg. 2002 Jan;96(1 Suppl):56-61 [11795714.001]
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  • (PMID = 20496038.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0932
  • [Journal-full-title] European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2989205
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13. Sucić M, Batinić D, Zadro R, Mrsić S, Labar B: [Cytomorphology of acute mixed leukemia]. Acta Med Croatica; 2008 Oct;62(4):379-85
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  • [Title] [Cytomorphology of acute mixed leukemia].
  • Biphenotypic acute leukemias (AL) with blasts expressing both myeloid and lymphoid antigens are grouped with undifferentiated AL and bilineal AL in the group of AL of ambiguous lineage.
  • RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In the group of 169 adult AL patients, 116 were cytomorphologically classified as acute myeloblastic leukemias (AML), 35 as acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) and 18 as acute undifferentiated leukemias (ANLM).
  • According to EGIL scoring system, among 15 AMLLy+ of 102 AL there were 4 true biphenotypic ALMy+Ly (1 M1, 2 M3, 1 M4), and in 4 ALMy+Ly with undifferentiated and lymphoid morphology there were 2 true biphenotypic AL (1 L2; 1 ANLM).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / classification. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / classification. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19205415.001).
  • [ISSN] 1330-0164
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta medica Croatica : c̆asopis Hravatske akademije medicinskih znanosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Med Croatica
  • [Language] hrv
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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14. Gorgey AS, Dudley GA: Spasticity may defend skeletal muscle size and composition after incomplete spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord; 2008 Feb;46(2):96-102
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  • METHODS: Thirteen individuals with incomplete SCI were classified according to their level of injury into a high level of injury group (HLI, C5-C7, n=8) and a low level of injury group (LLI, T12-L2, n=5).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Adolescent. Adult. Cervical Vertebrae. Cross-Sectional Studies. Humans. Lumbosacral Region. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Muscular Atrophy / etiology. Muscular Atrophy / pathology. Thigh / pathology

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  • [ErratumIn] Spinal Cord. 2008 Dec;46(12):825
  • (PMID = 17637764.001).
  • [ISSN] 1362-4393
  • [Journal-full-title] Spinal cord
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spinal Cord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD 39676S2; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD37439-S; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD39676
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
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15. Boido M, Rupa R, Garbossa D, Fontanella M, Ducati A, Vercelli A: Embryonic and adult stem cells promote raphespinal axon outgrowth and improve functional outcome following spinal hemisection in mice. Eur J Neurosci; 2009 Sep;30(5):833-46
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  • [Title] Embryonic and adult stem cells promote raphespinal axon outgrowth and improve functional outcome following spinal hemisection in mice.
  • Here we compare the effects of transplantation of embryonic neural precursors (NPs) or adult mesenchymal SCs, both of which are potential candidates for SC therapy.
  • The spinal cord was hemisected at the L2 neuromer in adult mice.

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  • (PMID = 19712091.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-9568
  • [Journal-full-title] The European journal of neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Neurosci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 333DO1RDJY / Serotonin
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16. Chanprasertyothin S, Piaseu N, Chailurkit L, Rajatanavin R, Ongphiphadhanakul B: Association of circulating leptin with bone mineral density in males and females. J Med Assoc Thai; 2005 May;88(5):655-9
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  • BMD was measured at L2-4 and femoral neck by DEXA.
  • Serum leptin in males was independently related to BMD at L2-4 (r = -0.36, p < 0.05) and the femoral neck (r = -0.32, p < 0.05) in a multiple linear regression model with age, body mass index (BMI), serum free testosterone, estradiol and leptin as independent variables.
  • In premenopausal women, serum leptin correlated negatively to L2-4 (r = -0.29, p < 0.01) and femoral neck BMD (r = -0.29, p < 0.05) independently of age and BMI.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Body Mass Index. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Postmenopause / blood. Sex Factors

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  • (PMID = 16149684.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Leptin
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17. Wu X, Lu XH: [The phenotype and clinical patterns of Crohn's disease in the Chinese]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Aug;45(8):661-3
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  • The complications (structuring or perforation) were significantly different in subgroups with different lesion locations (L1 90.5%, L2 50.0%, L3 50.0%, L4 85.7%, P = 0.012), among which the terminal ileum involvement had the highest incidence of complications.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Antibodies, Fungal / analysis. Antibodies, Fungal / biosynthesis. China. Colon / pathology. Constriction, Pathologic. Humans. Ileum / pathology. Middle Aged. Phenotype. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17074153.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Fungal
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18. Wu Y, Hou SX, Wu WW, Shi YM, Shang WL, Ren DF: [Studying the influence of age and short or long segments of pedicle screw instrumentation to the clinical efficacy of early single thoracolumbar fracture]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Dec 1;47(23):1790-3
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  • METHODS: From June 2005 to June 2008, 27 patients of early single thoracolumbar fracture were treated using short or long segments pedicle screw instrumentation, fracture vertebral (AO classification: type A1 or A2) was between T11 or L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20193548.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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19. Duffin K, Bayne RA, Childs AJ, Collins C, Anderson RA: The forkhead transcription factor FOXL2 is expressed in somatic cells of the human ovary prior to follicle formation. Mol Hum Reprod; 2009 Dec;15(12):771-7
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  • [MeSH-minor] Activins / metabolism. Adult. Animals. Female. Fetus / anatomy & histology. Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental. Humans. Male. Mice. Pregnancy. Primary Ovarian Insufficiency / genetics. Primary Ovarian Insufficiency / metabolism. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19706741.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular human reproduction
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Hum. Reprod.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / MC/ U127684439; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / U.1276.00.002.00001.01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / FOXL2 protein, human; 0 / Forkhead Transcription Factors; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 104625-48-1 / Activins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2776473
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20. Kumar CP, Song HR, Lee SH, Suh SW, Oh CW: Thoracic and lumbar pedicle morphometry in achondroplasia. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 2007 Jan;454:180-5
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  • Screw path length was longest at L2 and shortest at T2.
  • Abnormal anteromedial transverse angulations were observed between T11 to L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Bone Screws. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Orthopedic Fixation Devices. Orthopedic Procedures / instrumentation. Orthopedic Procedures / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16957649.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-921X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Sun T, Liu Z, Liu S, Xu S: The clinical study of repairing cauda equina fibres with fibrin glue after lumbar fracture and dislocation. Spinal Cord; 2010 Aug;48(8):633-7
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  • METHODS: Seven acute cases and one chronic case of L2 or L3 fracture and/or dislocation complicated with complete cauda equina injury were selected.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Axons / pathology. Dislocations / pathology. Dislocations / physiopathology. Dislocations / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nerve Regeneration / physiology. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Recovery of Function / physiology. Retrospective Studies. Tissue Adhesives / therapeutic use. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] Spinal Cord. 2010 Aug;48(8):638 [20421875.001]
  • (PMID = 20142831.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5624
  • [Journal-full-title] Spinal cord
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spinal Cord
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fibrin Tissue Adhesive; 0 / Tissue Adhesives
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22. Davis BR, Kopacz DJ: Spinal 2-chloroprocaine: the effect of added clonidine. Anesth Analg; 2005 Feb;100(2):559-65
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  • Peak block height was similar between 2-CP (T8 [range, T6 to L2]) and 2-CP with clonidine (T8 [range, T4 to T11]) (P = 0.57).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blood Pressure / drug effects. Cross-Over Studies. Double-Blind Method. Drug Interactions. Electric Stimulation. Female. Heart Rate / drug effects. Humans. Isometric Contraction / drug effects. Male. Middle Aged. Motor Neurons / drug effects. Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects. Neurons, Afferent / drug effects. Pain Measurement / drug effects

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  • [CommentIn] Anesth Analg. 2005 Feb;100(2):549-52 [15673892.001]
  • (PMID = 15673894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-2999
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesia and analgesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesth. Analg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenergic alpha-Agonists; 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 4Z8Y51M438 / Procaine; 5YVB0POT2H / chloroprocaine; MN3L5RMN02 / Clonidine
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23. Previnaire JG, Soler JM, El Masri W, Denys P: Assessment of the sympathetic level of lesion in patients with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord; 2009 Feb;47(2):122-7
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  • SUBJECTS: A total of 81 SCI patients ranging from C2 to L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Axons / physiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Physical Stimulation / methods. Reflex / physiology. Skin / blood supply. Skin / innervation. Vasodilation / physiology


24. Weiss D, Dempsey JJ: Performance of bilingual speakers on the English and Spanish versions of the Hearing in Noise Test (HINT). J Am Acad Audiol; 2008 Jan;19(1):5-17
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  • All participants acquired Spanish as their first language (L1) and English as a second language (L2).
  • A number of possible explanations for superior performance in L1 are provided, and implications for educating students in their L2 are discussed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Child. Female. Hearing. Humans. Male. Noise. Regression Analysis. Students

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  • [CommentIn] J Am Acad Audiol. 2008 Jan;19(1):4 [18637405.001]
  • (PMID = 18637406.001).
  • [ISSN] 1050-0545
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Am Acad Audiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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25. Liu J, Ni B, Zhu L, Yang J, Cao X, Zhou W: Mitomycin C-polyethylene glycol controlled-release film inhibits collagen secretion and induces apoptosis of fibroblasts in the early wound of a postlaminectomy rat model. Spine J; 2010 May;10(5):441-7
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  • PATIENT SAMPLE: The sample comprises 64 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats.
  • METHODS: Lumbar laminectomies at L1 and L2 with a L1-L2 disc injury were performed on 64 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Spine J. 2010 May;10(5):454-5 [20421079.001]
  • (PMID = 20421076.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-1632
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Delayed-Action Preparations; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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26. Zgliczynski W, Kochman M, Misiorowski W, Zdunowski P: In acromegaly, increased bone mineral density (BMD) is determined by GH-excess, gonadal function and gender. Neuro Endocrinol Lett; 2007 Oct;28(5):621-8
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  • Serum GH, IGF-I, LH, FSH, PRL, estradiol/testosterone, osteocalcin (OC), type I collagen carboxyterminal telopeptide (ICTP) as well as BMD by DXA at spine L2-L4, femoral neck, Ward's triangle and trochanter were measured.
  • BMD (Z-scores) was increased at L2-L4, femoral neck and trochanter (0.35+/-0.15, p=0.016; 0.60+/-0.11, p<0.001 and 0.59+/-0.13, p<0.001; respectively).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Estradiol / blood. Female. Follicle Stimulating Hormone / blood. Humans. Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / analysis. Luteinizing Hormone / blood. Male. Middle Aged. Osteocalcin / blood. Postmenopause / metabolism. Prolactin / blood. Sex Factors. Statistics, Nonparametric. Testosterone / blood

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  • (PMID = 17984937.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-780X
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro endocrinology letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuro Endocrinol. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 104982-03-8 / Osteocalcin; 12629-01-5 / Human Growth Hormone; 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; 67763-96-6 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor I; 9002-62-4 / Prolactin; 9002-67-9 / Luteinizing Hormone; 9002-68-0 / Follicle Stimulating Hormone
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27. Doumouchtsis KK, Kostakis AI, Doumouchtsis SK, Tziamalis MP, Stathakis CP, Diamanti-Kandarakis E, Dimitroulis D, Perrea DN: Associations between osteoprotegerin and femoral neck BMD in hemodialysis patients. J Bone Miner Metab; 2008;26(1):66-72
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  • Fifty-four hemodialysis patients underwent measurement of BMD at the proximal femur and the lumbar spine (L2-L4).
  • BMD values of trabecular bone-rich sites of the skeleton such as lumbar spine (L2-L4), trochanter, and Ward' s triangle were inversely correlated with total ALP levels (P < 0.05).
  • Those with lumbar spine (L2-L4), trochanteric, and Ward's triangle BMDs below the normal range presented higher total ALP levels.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Alkaline Phosphatase / blood. Bone Diseases, Metabolic / blood. Female. Humans. Kidney Failure, Chronic / physiopathology. Male. Middle Aged. Parathyroid Hormone / blood. RANK Ligand / blood

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  • (PMID = 18095066.001).
  • [ISSN] 0914-8779
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of bone and mineral metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Bone Miner. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Osteoprotegerin; 0 / Parathyroid Hormone; 0 / RANK Ligand; 0 / TNFSF11 protein, human; EC 3.1.3.1 / Alkaline Phosphatase
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28. Scheufler KM: Technique and clinical results of minimally invasive reconstruction and stabilization of the thoracic and thoracolumbar spine with expandable cages and ventrolateral plate fixation. Neurosurgery; 2007 Oct;61(4):798-808; discussion 808-9
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  • METHODS: 38 patients with spondylitis, traumatic or metastatic lesions of thoracic or thoracolumbar vertebrae T4 to L2 underwent spinal decompression and ventral column reconstruction with correction of spinal deformity by VBR and VPF via ALRA or a combined lateral extrapleural/extraperitoneal (extracoelomic) thoracolumbar approach (CLETA).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Back Pain / radiography. Back Pain / surgery. Decompression, Surgical / instrumentation. Decompression, Surgical / methods. Female. Humans. Internal Fixators. Male. Middle Aged. Prostheses and Implants

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  • (PMID = 17986942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Horn JH, Pratt SR, Durrant JD: Parameters to maximize 2f2-f1 distortion product otoacoustic emission levels. J Speech Lang Hear Res; 2008 Dec;51(6):1620-9
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  • PURPOSE: Past research has established parameters for the 2f1-f2 distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) that enhance response levels (e.g., L1 - L2 = 10 dB; f2/f1 = 1.22; L1, L2 = 65, 55 dB SPL).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18664689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-4388
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Lisowska G, Namysłowski G, Orecka B, Misiołek M, Scierski W, Czecior E: [The influence of aging on otoacoustic emissions in normally hearing subjects]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(5):796-800
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  • Otoacoustic emissions were recorded in response to nonlinear clicks and two different primary tones (L1 = 65, L2 = 55 dB SPL; f2/f1 = 1.22) from 1 to 5 kHz.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18552022.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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31. Ramieri A, Domenicucci M, Cellocco P, Raco A, Costanzo G: Effectiveness of posterior tension band fixation in the thoracolumbar seat-belt type injuries of the young population. Eur Spine J; 2009 Jun;18 Suppl 1:89-94
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  • A prospective series of 19 consecutive flexion-extension thoracolumbar injuries (T11-L2), occurred in young patients (20-33 years) due to motor vehicle crashes wearing the 3-point safety belts, includes 2 Chance and 17 seat-belt fractures, with different amount of vertebral dislocation and neurological impairment.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Bone Screws / statistics & numerical data. Cohort Studies. Decompression, Surgical / instrumentation. Decompression, Surgical / methods. Dislocations / etiology. Dislocations / pathology. Dislocations / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Physical Therapy Modalities / standards. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control. Postoperative Complications / therapy. Prospective Studies. Quality of Life. Spinal Cord Compression / etiology. Spinal Cord Compression / pathology. Spinal Cord Compression / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult. Zygapophyseal Joint / injuries. Zygapophyseal Joint / pathology. Zygapophyseal Joint / surgery

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  • [Cites] J Spinal Disord Tech. 2002 Apr;15(2):139-43 [11927823.001]
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  • (PMID = 19390871.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0932
  • [Journal-full-title] European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2899616
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32. Potter BK, Kirk KL, Shah SA, Kuklo TR: Loss of coronal correction following instrumentation removal in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2006 Jan 1;31(1):67-72
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  • Evaluation included coronal proximal thoracic, main thoracic, thoracolumbar/lumbar (TL/L), and sagittal T2-T5, T5-T12, T2-T12, T10-L2, T12-S1, and sagittal balance before surgery, before instrumentation removal, at immediate post-removal evaluation, and at latest follow-up.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Female. Humans. Kyphosis / radiography. Kyphosis / surgery. Lordosis / radiography. Lordosis / surgery. Male. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome


33. van den Berg AA, Ghatge S, Wang S: Loss of resistance to saline reduces responses accompanying spinal needle insertion during institution of 'needle-through-needle' combined spinal-epidural analgesia. Anaesth Intensive Care; 2010 Nov;38(6):1013-7
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  • After infiltration of lignocaine at an L2-L5 vertebral interspace, a 17 gauge Tuohy epidural needle attached to a 5 ml loss of resistance syringe containing either saline or air was inserted and advanced until loss of resistance was identified by injection of 3 to 5 ml of content.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Pregnancy. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21226430.001).
  • [ISSN] 0310-057X
  • [Journal-full-title] Anaesthesia and intensive care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anaesth Intensive Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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34. Elston-Güttler KE, Paulmann S, Kotz SA: Who's in control? Proficiency and L1 influence on L2 processing. J Cogn Neurosci; 2005 Oct;17(10):1593-610
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  • [Title] Who's in control? Proficiency and L1 influence on L2 processing.
  • We report three reaction time (RT)/event-related brain potential (ERP) semantic priming lexical decision experiments that explore the following in relation to L1 activation during L2 processing:.
  • (1) the role of L2 proficiency, (2) the role of sentence context, and (3) the locus of L1 activations (orthographic vs. semantic).
  • All experiments used German (L1) homonyms translated into English (L2) to form prime-target pairs (pine-jaw for Kiefer) to test whether the L1 caused interference in an all-L2 experiment.
  • Based on these results, we argue that cognitive control relating to translational activation is modulated by (1) L2 proficiency, as the early interference in the N200 was observed only for low-proficiency learners, and (2) sentence context, as it helps high-proficiency learners control L1 activation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Brain Mapping. Electroencephalography / methods. Female. Humans. Language Tests / statistics & numerical data. Male. Photic Stimulation / methods. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 16269099.001).
  • [ISSN] 0898-929X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cognitive neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cogn Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Korhonen AM, Valanne JV, Jokela RM, Ravaska P, Volmanen P, Korttila K: Influence of the injection site (L2/3 or L3/4) and the posture of the vertebral column on selective spinal anesthesia for ambulatory knee arthroscopy. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand; 2005 Jan;49(1):72-7
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  • [Title] Influence of the injection site (L2/3 or L3/4) and the posture of the vertebral column on selective spinal anesthesia for ambulatory knee arthroscopy.
  • METHODS: In this double-blind study, 123 patients were randomly allocated to receive spinal anesthesia with 4 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine inserted at either the L2/3 interspace, while the vertebral column was kept horizontal (L2/3 group), or the L3/4 level, with the vertebral column horizontal (L3/4H) or tilted 5 degrees head-down (L3/4T).
  • RESULTS: In the L3/4T group the sensory block (Th8) reached a significantly higher level 30 min after spinal injection, compared with both the L2/3 (Th10) and L3/4H (Th11) groups.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Mass Index. Double-Blind Method. Female. Head-Down Tilt. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Monitoring, Intraoperative. Motor Neurons / drug effects. Nerve Block. Physical Stimulation. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15675986.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5172
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Anaesthesiol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Local; Y8335394RO / Bupivacaine
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36. Lalanne K, Lafond D, Descarreaux M: Modulation of the flexion-relaxation response by spinal manipulative therapy: a control group study. J Manipulative Physiol Ther; 2009 Mar-Apr;32(3):203-9
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  • Trunk and pelvis angles and surface EMG of erector spinae at L2 and L5 were recorded during the flexion-extension tasks.
  • RESULTS: A significant reduction of EMG activity at full trunk flexion at the L2 erector spinae level was observed in the experimental group compared to the control group.
  • The experimental group presented a significantly increased postmanipulation FRR at L2, whereas the control group ratio did not vary after the "side-lying control position."
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Case-Control Studies. Chronic Disease. Electromyography. Female. Humans. Male. Muscle Relaxation / physiology. Physical Exertion / physiology. Pliability. Range of Motion, Articular. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19362230.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Manipulative Physiol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Yilmaz B, Seyran AD, Sandal S, Aydin M, Colakoglu N, Kocer M, Carpenter DO: Modulatory effects of Aroclors 1221 and 1254 on bone turnover and vertebral histology in intact and ovariectomized rats. Toxicol Lett; 2006 Oct 25;166(3):276-84
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  • Thirty-two adult female rats were divided into four groups subcutaneously receiving 4% DMSO (control), A1221 (10 mg/kg), A1254 (10 mg/kg) oestradiol (E2, 30 microg/kg).
  • Lumbar vertebrae (L2) of all animals were dissected out and processed for light microscopy.
  • Treatment with A1221 reversed the adverse effects of ovariectomy on L2 histology.

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. Aroclor 1254 .
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  • (PMID = 16978806.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-4274
  • [Journal-full-title] Toxicology letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Toxicol. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amino Acids; 0 / Aroclors; 0 / Parathyroid Hormone; 0 / Phosphates; 104982-03-8 / Osteocalcin; 11097-69-1 / Chlorodiphenyl (54% Chlorine); 11104-28-2 / aroclor 1221; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; 90032-33-0 / deoxypyridinoline; 9007-12-9 / Calcitonin; EC 3.1.3.1 / Alkaline Phosphatase; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
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38. Hu YS, Li YJ, Zhang XH, Zhang YQ, Ma K, Yu T: [A study on neurosurgical treatment for phantom limb pain]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Dec 15;45(24):1668-71
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  • Group B, the other 11 patients were treated with DREZ lesion on the same side in the C5-T1 or L2-S1 spinal cord segments.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gyrus Cinguli / surgery. Humans. Male. Mesencephalon / surgery. Middle Aged. Spinal Nerve Roots / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18476522.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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39. Gallagher S, Marras WS, Litsky AS, Burr D, Landoll J, Matkovic V: A comparison of fatigue failure responses of old versus middle-aged lumbar motion segments in simulated flexed lifting. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2007 Aug 1;32(17):1832-9
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  • METHODS: Each lumbosacral spine was dissected into 3 motion segments (L1-L2, L3-L4, and L5-S1).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cadaver. Cohort Studies. Female. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Proportional Hazards Models. Range of Motion, Articular. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Time Factors. Weight-Bearing


40. El Hage R, Jacob C, Moussa E, Benhamou CL, Jaffré C: Total body, lumbar spine and hip bone mineral density in overweight adolescent girls: decreased or increased? J Bone Miner Metab; 2009;27(5):629-33
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  • Bone mineral area, bone mineral content, BMD at the whole body (WB), lumbar spine (L2-L4), femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH) and body composition (lean mass and fat mass) were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA).
  • Calculation of the bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) was completed for the WB and for L2-L4.
  • Expressed as crude values, DXA measurements of BMD at all bone sites (TB, L2-L4, TH and FN) were higher in overweight adolescent girls compared to controls.
  • Finally, BMAD of the L2-L4 remained higher in overweight girls compared to controls after adjusting for lean mass.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Anthropometry. Case-Control Studies. Child. Female. Humans. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19373519.001).
  • [ISSN] 1435-5604
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of bone and mineral metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Bone Miner. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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41. Kawai K, Kojima T, Miyanaga N, Hattori K, Hinotsu S, Shimazui T, Akaza H: Lectin-reactive alpha-fetoprotein as a marker for testicular tumor activity. Int J Urol; 2005 Mar;12(3):284-9
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  • BACKGROUND: Lens culinaris agglutin (LCA)-affinity electrophoresis resolves serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) into three isoforms, AFP-L1, -L2 and -L3.
  • In testicular tumor patients, the broad band of AFP-L2 could not be completely separated from AFP-L3.
  • The mean ratio of AFP-L3 plus AFP-L2 (AFP-L2 + 3%) was as high as 94% (range 80-99%) in these patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Feasibility Studies. Humans. Lectins / metabolism. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Orchiectomy. Protein Isoforms

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  • (PMID = 15828957.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lectins; 0 / Protein Isoforms; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins
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42. Moon KH, Lee SH, Kong BJ, Shin SW, Bhanot A, Kim DY, Lee HY: An oblique paraspinal approach for intracanalicular disc herniations of the upper lumbar spine: technical case report. Neurosurgery; 2006 Oct;59(4 Suppl 2):ONSE487-8; discussion ONSE488
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  • CLINICAL PRESENTATION: We present four patients with intracanalicular disc herniations at the L1-L2 or L2-L3 level.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17041523.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Technical Report
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Hersmus R, Kalfa N, de Leeuw B, Stoop H, Oosterhuis JW, de Krijger R, Wolffenbuttel KP, Drop SL, Veitia RA, Fellous M, Jaubert F, Looijenga LH: FOXL2 and SOX9 as parameters of female and male gonadal differentiation in patients with various forms of disorders of sex development (DSD). J Pathol; 2008 May;215(1):31-8
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  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma in Situ / chemistry. Female. Gonadoblastoma / chemistry. Gonadoblastoma / embryology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / chemistry. Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal / embryology. Ovary / chemistry. Ovary / embryology. SOX9 Transcription Factor. Testicular Neoplasms / chemistry. Testis / chemistry. Testis / embryology

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  • (PMID = 18348162.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3417
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / FOXL2 protein, human; 0 / Forkhead Transcription Factors; 0 / High Mobility Group Proteins; 0 / SOX9 Transcription Factor; 0 / SOX9 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors
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44. Neely ST, Johnson TA, Gorga MP: Distortion-product otoacoustic emission measured with continuously varying stimulus level. J Acoust Soc Am; 2005 Mar;117(3 Pt 1):1248-59
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  • Continuous-level measurements were used to determine the optimal L1 for each L2 in individual subjects (N= 20) at f2 = 1, 2, 4, and 8 kHz by using a Lissajous path that covered a wide range of stimulus levels.
  • The optimal L1 (defined as the L1 that resulted in the largest DPOAE for each L2) varied across subjects and across frequency.
  • The optimal difference between L1 and L2 decreased with increasing L2 at all frequencies, and increased with frequency when L2 was low.

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  • (PMID = 15807014.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-4966
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acoust. Soc. Am.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / P30 DC004662; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC002251; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / T32 DC000013; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / T32-DC00013; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / P30-DC04662; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01-DC02251
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS2046; NLM/ PMC1414785
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45. Koharazawa H, Kanamori H, Sakai R, Hashimoto C, Takemura S, Hattori M, Taguchi J, Fujimaki K, Tomita N, Fujita H, Fujisawa S, Harano H, Ogawa K, Motomura S, Maruta A, Ishigatsubo Y: Long-term outcome of L86 and L97 protocols for adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2008 Nov;49(11):2133-40
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  • [Title] Long-term outcome of L86 and L97 protocols for adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We analysed the long-term outcome of the L86 protocol using L-asparaginase (L-asp), vincristine (VCR) and prednisolone (PSL), collectively known as LVP or L97 protocol using LVP along with pirarubicin hydrochloride (THP-ADR) for 97 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed between 1986 and 2002.
  • By univariate analysis, we identified seven adverse factors for DFS which included the L2 subtype by French-American-British classification, hepatosplenomegaly, a white blood cell count of more than 30 x 10(9)/L, a blast cell count of more than 10 x 10(9)/L in the peripheral blood, hemoglobin concentration greater than 10 g/dL, a serum lactate dehydrogenase value greater than twice the upper limit of normal and the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Analysis of Variance. Asparaginase / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Longitudinal Studies. Male. Middle Aged. Philadelphia Chromosome. Prednisolone / administration & dosage. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Vincristine / administration & dosage. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19021056.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase
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46. Guo Y, Yang Y, Wang D: Induction of reproductive deficits in nematode Caenorhabditis elegans exposed to metals at different developmental stages. Reprod Toxicol; 2009 Jul;28(1):90-5
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  • In the present study, four metals (Pb, Hg, Cd, and Cr) were selected to investigate the effects that metal exposure has at different developmental stages (L1, L2, L3, L4, and young adult) on the reproduction of this test species.
  • Larval nematodes were more sensitive to reproductive toxicity as demonstrated by altered brood size and generation time versus young adult nematodes.

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  • (PMID = 19490999.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-1708
  • [Journal-full-title] Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reprod. Toxicol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chlorides; 0 / Chromium Compounds; 0 / Metals; 0 / Nitrates; 0 / Soil Pollutants; 2P299V784P / Lead; 53GH7MZT1R / Mercuric Chloride; 6E5P1699FI / lead nitrate; CET32HKA21 / chromous chloride; J6K4F9V3BA / Cadmium Chloride
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47. Paolieri D, Cubelli R, Macizo P, Bajo T, Lotto L, Job R: Grammatical gender processing in Italian and Spanish bilinguals. Q J Exp Psychol (Hove); 2010 Aug;63(8):1631-45
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  • We explored whether the grammatical gender of the native language (L1) affects the production of words in a second language (L2).
  • In the present investigation, Italian-Spanish bilinguals were instructed to name pictures in L2 (Experiments 1 and 2) or to translate words from L1 to L2 (Experiment 3), producing either the bare noun or the noun phrase (article + noun).
  • In all experiments, responses were faster in the gender-congruent than in the gender-incongruent condition, irrespective of task (L2 picture naming or forward word translation) and syntactic type (bare noun and noun phrase).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Analysis of Variance. Female. Humans. Italy. Male. Photic Stimulation / methods. Reaction Time / physiology. Spain. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20182956.001).
  • [ISSN] 1747-0226
  • [Journal-full-title] Quarterly journal of experimental psychology (2006)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Q J Exp Psychol (Hove)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. Lemhöfer K, Schriefers H, Hanique I: Native language effects in learning second-language grammatical gender: a training study. Acta Psychol (Amst); 2010 Oct;135(2):150-8
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  • The results provide insights into the nature and stability of correct and incorrect gender representations in L2, and demonstrate the pervasiveness of transfer from the first to the second language even after intensive training.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Germany / ethnology. Humans. Male. Netherlands. Sex Factors

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20598270.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6297
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta psychologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Psychol (Amst)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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49. Bonvehí P, Boutriau D, Casellas J, Weynants V, Feron C, Poolman J: Three doses of an experimental detoxified L3-derived lipooligosaccharide meningococcal vaccine offer good safety but low immunogenicity in healthy young adults. Clin Vaccine Immunol; 2010 Sep;17(9):1460-6
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  • The immune responses ranged from 5% to 36% across experimental vaccines for the L3 H44-76 strain (versus 27% for the control), from 0% to 11% for the L3 NZ98/124 strain (versus 23% for the control), and from 0% to 13% for the L2 760676 strain (versus 59% for the control).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions. Fatigue / chemically induced. Female. Headache / chemically induced. Human Experimentation. Humans. Male. Neisseria meningitidis, Serogroup B / immunology. Pain / chemically induced. Secretory Vesicles / immunology. Serum Bactericidal Antibody Assay. Skin Diseases / chemically induced. Skin Diseases / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20660140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-679X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Vaccine Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lipopolysaccharides; 0 / Meningococcal Vaccines; 0 / lipid-linked oligosaccharides
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2944444
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50. Eubanks JD, Lee MJ, Cassinelli E, Ahn NU: Does lumbar facet arthrosis precede disc degeneration? A postmortem study. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 2007 Nov;464:184-9
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  • Specimens younger than 30 years of age had a higher prevalence of facet osteophytosis compared with vertebral rim osteophotosis at L1-L2 and L2-L3.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Ankylosis / complications. Ankylosis / epidemiology. Ankylosis / pathology. Arthritis / complications. Arthritis / epidemiology. Arthritis / pathology. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Severity of Illness Index. Sex Distribution

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  • (PMID = 17767079.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-921X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Bartie BJ, Lonstein JE, Winter RB: Long-term follow-up of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis patients who had Harrington instrumentation and fusion to the lower lumbar vertebrae: is low back pain a problem? Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2009 Nov 15;34(24):E873-8
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  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze the back pain and disability in patients who had instrumentation and fusion to L2, L3, L4, or L5, at least 10 years previously, and to compare them with a control group of the same age, sex, weight, and height.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 171 patients met the inclusion criteria of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, Harrington instrumentation, and fusion to L2, L3, L4, or L5, a minimum follow-up of 10 years following surgery, and a detailed questionnaire at follow-up.
  • Pain intensity was equal to controls in fusions to L2 or L3, but increased in those fused to L4.
  • There was no difference in the short form-36 in the patients according to whether fused to L2, L3, or L4.
  • [MeSH-minor] Activities of Daily Living. Adolescent. Adult. Child. Cohort Studies. Comorbidity. Disability Evaluation. Female. Humans. Incidence. Internal Fixators / adverse effects. Internal Fixators / statistics & numerical data. Male. Middle Aged. Outcome Assessment (Health Care). Pain Measurement. Patient Satisfaction / statistics & numerical data. Retrospective Studies. Severity of Illness Index. Surveys and Questionnaires. Time. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult


52. Marinovic D, Dorgeret S, Lescoeur B, Alberti C, Noel M, Czernichow P, Sebag G, Vilmer E, Léger J: Improvement in bone mineral density and body composition in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a 1-year prospective study. Pediatrics; 2005 Jul;116(1):e102-8
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  • [Title] Improvement in bone mineral density and body composition in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a 1-year prospective study.
  • OBJECTIVES: Abnormalities in bone mineral density (BMD), body composition, and bone metabolism have been reported in children who were treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during and after completion of therapy.
  • METHODS: BMD of total body (TB; g/cm(2)), areal and apparent volumetric lumbar spine (L2-L4), lean body mass, and percentage of body fat were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry in 37 children (median age: 7.9 years; range: 4.7-20.6 years) who were treated for ALL at a median age of 3.3 years (range: 1.1-16.6 years), after a median time of 2.2 years after the completion of treatment, and after a 1-year follow-up period.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Composition. Bone Density. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adolescent. Adult. Body Mass Index. Bone and Bones / metabolism. Calcium / blood. Child. Child, Preschool. Exercise. Female. Humans. Longitudinal Studies. Lumbar Vertebrae / metabolism. Male


53. Seo JT, Lee JS, Oh TH, Joo KJ: The clinical significance of bone mineral density and testosterone levels in Korean men with non-mosaic Klinefelter's syndrome. BJU Int; 2007 Jan;99(1):141-6
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  • The BMD was obtained at the lumbar spine (L2-4), femoral neck and Ward's triangle, by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adult. Case-Control Studies. Follicle Stimulating Hormone / blood. Humans. Luteinizing Hormone / blood. Male. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 17092285.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-4096
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 9002-67-9 / Luteinizing Hormone; 9002-68-0 / Follicle Stimulating Hormone
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54. Chang MX, Nie P, Wei LL: Short and long peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) in zebrafish, with findings of multiple PGRP homologs in teleost fish. Mol Immunol; 2007 Apr;44(11):3005-23
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  • The coding regions of zfPGRP6 (zf: zebrafish), zfPGRP2-A, zfPGRP2-B and zfPGRP-L contain five exons and four introns; however, the other PGRP-like genes including zfPGRPSC1a, zfPGRPSC2, tnPGRP-L1-, tnPGRP-L2 and frPGRP-L (fr: Takifugu rubripes) contain four exons and three introns.
  • In zebrafish, the constitutive expressions of zfPGRP-L, zfPGRP-6 and zfPGRP-SC during ontogeny from unfertilized eggs to larvae, in different organs of adult, and the inductive expression following stimulation by Flavobacterium columnare, were detected by real-time PCR, but the levels and patterns varied for different PGRP genes, implying that different short and long PGRPs may play different roles in innate immune response.

  • ZFIN. ZFIN .
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  • (PMID = 17296228.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5890
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / peptidoglycan recognition protein
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55. Ye B, Rui Q, Wu Q, Wang D: Metallothioneins are required for formation of cross-adaptation response to neurobehavioral toxicity from lead and mercury exposure in nematodes. PLoS One; 2010;5(11):e14052
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  • Pre-treatment with mild heat-shock at L2-larva stage effectively prevented the formation of the neurobehavioral defects and the activation of severe stress response in metal exposed nematodes at concentrations of 50 and 100 µM, but pre-treatment with mild heat-shock did not prevent the formation of neurobehavioral defects in 200 µM of metal exposed nematodes.
  • During the formation of cross-adaptation response, the induction of mtl-1 and mtl-2 promoter activity and subsequent GFP gene expression were sharply increased in 50 µM or 100 µM of metal exposed Pmtl-1::GFP and Pmtl-2::GFP transgenic adult animals after mild heat-shock treatment compared with those treated with mild heat-shock or metal exposure alone.
  • Furthermore, over-expression of MTL-1 and MTL-2 at the L2-larval stage significantly suppressed the toxicity on locomotion behaviors from metal exposure at all examined concentrations.

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  • (PMID = 21124968.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins; 0 / MTL-1 protein, C elegans; 0 / MTL-2 protein, C elegans; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins; 2P299V784P / Lead; 53GH7MZT1R / Mercuric Chloride; 9038-94-2 / Metallothionein; FXS1BY2PGL / Mercury
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2987793
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56. Daniels AH, Deodhar AA, Hart RA: Traumatic spondyloptosis resulting from high-energy trauma concurrent with a tonic-clonic seizure. Spine J; 2009 Jan-Feb;9(1):e1-4
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  • METHODS: A staged circumferential fusion was performed with posterior reduction of L5 to the sacrum and instrumentation and fusion from L2 to the pelvis, followed 12 days later by anterior diskectomies and arthrodesis from L3 to S1.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Dislocations. Fracture Fixation, Internal / methods. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae. Lumbosacral Region. Male. Spondylolisthesis / etiology. Spondylolisthesis / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18082467.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-1632
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Dreisbach LE, Torre P 3rd, Kramer SJ, Kopke R, Jackson R, Balough B: Influence of ultrahigh-frequency hearing thresholds on distortion-product otoacoustic emission levels at conventional frequencies. J Am Acad Audiol; 2008 Apr;19(4):325-36
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  • Behavioral thresholds were measured from 2 through 16 kHz, and DPOAE levels were measured at discrete f2 frequencies between 2 through 8 kHz in 553 young normal-hearing adult male participants.
  • A DPOAE frequency sweep was measured with primary stimulus levels of L1/L2 = 65/55 dB SPL and an f2/f1 of 1.2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acoustic Impedance Tests. Adolescent. Adult. Humans. Male. Military Personnel. Otoscopy. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18795471.001).
  • [ISSN] 1050-0545
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Am Acad Audiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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58. Hancock L, Beckly J, Geremia A, Cooney R, Cummings F, Pathan S, Guo C, Warren BF, Mortensen N, Ahmad T, Jewell D: Clinical and molecular characteristics of isolated colonic Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis; 2008 Dec;14(12):1667-77
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  • Little is known about the epidemiology and natural history of isolated CD of the colon (Montreal Classification L2) because most studies have not accurately distinguished it from ileocolonic disease.
  • METHODS: Patients with L2 disease were identified from a database of 675 CD patients.
  • RESULTS: In all, 135 patients were classified with L2 disease.
  • L2 disease was more common in women (74.0% versus 58.0%; P = 0.0004; odds ratio [OR] = 2.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.36-3.26) and in never smokers (48.9% versus 36.9%; P = 0.008; OR = 1.64, 95% CI 1.09-2.45); 20.7% underwent colonic resection for severe disease.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carrier Proteins / genetics. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Cohort Studies. Colitis, Ulcerative / genetics. Colitis, Ulcerative / pathology. Female. Genotype. HLA-DR Antigens / genetics. HLA-DRB1 Chains. Humans. MAP Kinase Kinase Kinase 1 / genetics. Male. Middle Aged. Nod1 Signaling Adaptor Protein / genetics. Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein / genetics. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide. Polymorphism, Single-Stranded Conformational. Receptors, Interleukin / genetics. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18521924.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-4844
  • [Journal-full-title] Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inflamm. Bowel Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ATG16L1 protein, human; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Genetic Markers; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / HLA-DRB1 Chains; 0 / IL23R protein, human; 0 / NOD1 protein, human; 0 / NOD2 protein, human; 0 / Nod1 Signaling Adaptor Protein; 0 / Nod2 Signaling Adaptor Protein; 0 / Receptors, Interleukin; EC 2.7.11.25 / MAP Kinase Kinase Kinase 1; EC 2.7.11.25 / MAP3K1 protein, human
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59. Kuk JL, Church TS, Blair SN, Ross R: Does measurement site for visceral and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue alter associations with the metabolic syndrome? Diabetes Care; 2006 Mar;29(3):679-84
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  • The OR (per SD) for NCEP metabolic syndrome was higher for total VAT volume (OR = 7.26) and for the partial volumes at T12-L1 (7.46) and L1-L2 (8.77) than those at the L4-L5 level (3.94).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae / anatomy & histology. Male. Middle Aged. Spine / anatomy & histology. Thoracic Vertebrae / anatomy & histology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16505526.001).
  • [ISSN] 0149-5992
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetes care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetes Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL 62508; United States / PHS HHS / / SB 06945
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Christoforidis A, Perifanis V, Papadopoulou E, Dimitriadou M, Kazantzidou E, Vlachaki E, Tsatra I: Poor correlations between measurements of bone quality by quantitative ultrasound sonography and dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in patients with beta-thalassaemia major. Eur J Haematol; 2009 Jan;82(1):15-21
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  • All patients were evaluated with QUS at radius and tibia and had DXA scan at lumbar spine vertebrae (L2-L4), whereas 20 patients were additionally assessed with DXA at the left hip (femoral neck, trochanter region and Ward's triangle).
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adolescent. Adult. Child. Female. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18801057.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0609
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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61. Arun R, Mehdian SM, Freeman BJ, Sithole J, Divjina SC: Do anterior interbody cages have a potential value in comparison to autogenous rib graft in the surgical management of Scheuermann's kyphosis? Spine J; 2006 Jul-Aug;6(4):413-20
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  • The posterior instrumentation extended from T2 to L2 in both groups.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Time Factors. Transplantation, Autologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16825049.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-9430
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Cunningham BW, Sefter JC, Hu N, Kim SW, Bridwell KH, McAfee PC: Biomechanical comparison of iliac screws versus interbody femoral ring allograft on lumbosacral kinematics and sacral screw strain. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2010 Mar 15;35(6):E198-205
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  • Each condition was tested spanning L5-S1, L4-S1, L3-S1, L2-S1, and L1-S1.
  • Allograft reduced strain when fixation reached L2, but was not as effective as iliac screws overall.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged, 80 and over. Allografts. Biomechanical Phenomena. Cadaver. Femur / transplantation. Humans. Ilium / surgery. Lumbosacral Region / physiopathology. Lumbosacral Region / surgery. Middle Aged. Range of Motion, Articular. Spinal Fusion / instrumentation. Spinal Fusion / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20195199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Korovessis P, Baikousis A, Zacharatos S, Petsinis G, Koureas G, Iliopoulos P: Combined anterior plus posterior stabilization versus posterior short-segment instrumentation and fusion for mid-lumbar (L2-L4) burst fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2006 Apr 15;31(8):859-68
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  • [Title] Combined anterior plus posterior stabilization versus posterior short-segment instrumentation and fusion for mid-lumbar (L2-L4) burst fractures.
  • METHODS: Forty consecutive patients with L2-L4 fresh single A3-type/AO burst fractures and load sharing score up to 6 were randomly selected to underwent either combined one-stage anterior stabilization with mesh cage and SSTF (Group A) or solely SSTF with intermediate screws in the fractured vertebra (Group B).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Oct 1;31(21):2521; author reply 2521-2 [17023866.001]
  • (PMID = 16622372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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64. Boswell-Ruys CL, Sturnieks DL, Harvey LA, Sherrington C, Middleton JW, Lord SR: Validity and reliability of assessment tools for measuring unsupported sitting in people with a spinal cord injury. Arch Phys Med Rehabil; 2009 Sep;90(9):1571-7
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  • PARTICIPANTS: People (N=30) with SCI between the C6 and the L2 level of 2 months to 37 years duration before assessment.
  • RESULTS: All tests showed good construct validity in that they distinguished between participants with higher (C6-T7) and lower (T8-L2) level impairments (P<.05) and between participants with acute (< or =1 y) and chronic (>1 y) lesions (P<.05).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Physical Therapy Modalities. Reproducibility of Results. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19735786.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-821X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Phys Med Rehabil
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Togawa D, Lieberman IH, Bauer TW, Reinhardt MK, Kayanja MM: Histological evaluation of biopsies obtained from vertebral compression fractures: unsuspected myeloma and osteomalacia. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2005 Apr 1;30(7):781-6
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  • RESULTS: The 178 biopsy levels included: T4 (3), T5 (1), T6 (4), T7 (13), T8 (12), T9 (8), T10 (11), T11 (17), T12 (28), L1 (25), L2 (14), L3 (13), L4 (17), and L5 (12).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Bone Remodeling. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fracture Healing. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Tetracycline


66. Gupta N, Bhaskar H, Duggal S, Ghalaut PS, Kundra S, Arora DR: Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis: first reported case from Rohtak, North India. Braz J Infect Dis; 2009 Jun;13(3):236-7
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  • A fatal case of primary amoebic encephalitis (PAM) in a 20 year old boy, a proven case of acute leukemic leukemia (ALL) type L2, in remission is described.
  • A possibility of PAM should always be considered in all cases of acute purulent meningoencephalitis in which no bacteria or fungus are found.
  • [MeSH-minor] Fatal Outcome. Humans. India. Male. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20191204.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4391
  • [Journal-full-title] The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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67. Sobottke R, Koy T, Röllinghoff M, Siewe J, Kreitz T, Müller D, Bangard C, Eysel P: Computed tomography measurements of the lumbar spinous processes and interspinous space. Surg Radiol Anat; 2010 Oct;32(8):731-8
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  • The cortex of the spinous processes from L2 (2.67 ± 0.45 mm) and L3 (2.66 ± 0.94 mm) was significantly thicker (p < 0.001) than that of the others.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The spinous processes of L2 and L3 are the largest and sturdiest, and that of L5 is the weakest.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prostheses and Implants. Reference Values. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20552199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1279-8517
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Radiol Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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68. Xia Q, Xu BS, Zhang JD, Miao J, Li JG, Zhang XL, Zhou J: Simultaneous combined anterior and posterior surgery for severe thoracolumbar fracture dislocations. Orthop Surg; 2009 Feb;1(1):28-33
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  • The injured segments included the following: T11 (2 patients), T12 (5), L1 (1), L2 (8), L3 (5), L4 (2) and L4 and L5 (1).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Fracture Healing. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Trauma Severity Indices. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] © 2009 Tianjin Hospital and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • (PMID = 22009778.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-7861
  • [Journal-full-title] Orthopaedic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orthop Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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69. Ichiyama RM, Courtine G, Gerasimenko YP, Yang GJ, van den Brand R, Lavrov IA, Zhong H, Roy RR, Edgerton VR: Step training reinforces specific spinal locomotor circuitry in adult spinal rats. J Neurosci; 2008 Jul 16;28(29):7370-5
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  • [Title] Step training reinforces specific spinal locomotor circuitry in adult spinal rats.
  • Adult rats received a complete spinal cord transection (T9), and epidural stimulation (ES) electrodes were secured to the dura matter at L2.
  • Using a servo-controlled body weight support system for bipedal stepping, five rats were trained 7 d/week for 6 weeks (30 min/d) under quipazine (0.3 mg/kg) and ES (L2; 40 Hz).

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  • (PMID = 18632941.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-2401
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB007615
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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70. Ozturk C, Ersozlu S, Aydinli U: Importance of greenstick lamina fractures in low lumbar burst fractures. Int Orthop; 2006 Aug;30(4):295-8
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  • Lumbar burst fractures with greenstick lamina fractures occur mostly in the L2-L4 area.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16501977.001).
  • [ISSN] 0341-2695
  • [Journal-full-title] International orthopaedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Orthop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2532130
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71. Dong JW, Rong LM, Liu B, Feng F, Zhuang LB, Xu YC, Wang K, Cai DZ: [Additional screws fixation on fractured vertebrae versus only short-segment posterior instrumentation for thoracolumbar A3 fracture without neurologic deficit]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Dec 15;47(24):1883-7
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  • The fracture segment included 1 in T11, 9 in T12, 11 in L1 and 2 in L2.
  • The fracture segment included 1 in T11, 7 in T12, 20 in L1 and 1 in L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20193408.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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72. Li H, Xing G, Yang C, Zhang X, Jiang C, Wu F, Bai X, Gao C, Ye Q: [Biomechanical study and clinical application of distraction reduction fixation system for treating thoracolumbar vertebral fracture]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Aug;22(8):923-7
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  • Fracture types were classified according to Denis classification: 2 patients suffered simple compressed fracture, 16 burst fracture, and 13 fracture dislocation, including 2 cases of T11, 11 cases of T12, 14 cases of L1 and 4 cases of L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Animals. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Internal Fixators. Lumbar Vertebrae / injuries. Male. Middle Aged. Swine. Thoracic Vertebrae / injuries

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  • (PMID = 18773806.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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73. Sztuka A, Pośpiech L, Gawron W, Dudek K: [DPOAE in tinnitus patients with cochlear hearing loss considering hyperacusis and misophonia]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2006;60(5):765-72
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  • First the amplitudes of two points per octave were assessed, in second--"fine structure" method-- 16-20 points per octave (f2/f1 = 1.2, L1 = L2 = 70 dB).
  • Third procedure included recording of growth rate function in three series for input tones of value f2 = 2002, 4004, 6006 Hz (f2/f1= 1.22) and levels L1=L2, growing by degrees of 5dB in each series.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Auditory Threshold. Female. Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer / pathology. Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer / physiopathology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests

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  • (PMID = 17263252.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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74. Nakamura S, Okinaka K, Hirano I, Ono T, Sugimoto Y, Shigeno K, Fujisawa S, Shinjo K, Ohnishi K: KIS induces proliferation and the cell cycle progression through the phosphorylation of p27Kip1 in leukemia cells. Leuk Res; 2008 Sep;32(9):1358-65
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  • [Title] KIS induces proliferation and the cell cycle progression through the phosphorylation of p27Kip1 in leukemia cells.
  • We showed that KIS protein directly interacted with p27(Kip1) protein, and reduction of KIS inhibited the S10 phosphorylation of p27(Kip1) in leukemia cells.
  • We showed that KIS mRNA expression was increased in primary leukemia specimens (acute myelogenous leukemia (AML); 37, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS); 72, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); 23), and the mean ratios of KIS to G3PDH in AML, MDS and ALL specimens were 3.62+/-0.68, 3.27+/-0.73 and 3.17+/-0.58, respectively.
  • Moreover, we found that KIS protein was overexpressed in all 132 adults cases of various leukemias, including 37 AML (8 M1, 12 M2, 2 M3, 7 M4, 8 M5), 72 MDS (42 RAEB-I, 30 REAB-II) and 23 ALL (23 L2).
  • This study demonstrates that the elevated levels of KIS protein in leukemia cells promote the cell cycle progression in leukemia cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Cycle / physiology. Cell Proliferation. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / physiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Blotting, Western. Bone Marrow / metabolism. Bone Marrow / pathology. Cells, Cultured. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27. Humans. Immunoprecipitation. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / pathology. Middle Aged. Phosphorylation. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 18384876.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDKN1B protein, human; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / UHMK1 protein, human
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75. Gleason JE, Eisenmann DM: Wnt signaling controls the stem cell-like asymmetric division of the epithelial seam cells during C. elegans larval development. Dev Biol; 2010 Dec 1;348(1):58-66
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  • Metazoan stem cells repopulate tissues during adult life by dividing asymmetrically to generate another stem cell and a cell that terminally differentiates.
  • While the short-lived nematode C. elegans has no adult somatic stem cells, the lateral epithelial seam cells divide in a stem cell-like manner in each larval stage, usually generating a posterior daughter that retains the seam cell fate and an anterior daughter that terminally differentiates.
  • We show that while wild-type adult animals have 16 seam cells per side, animals with reduced function of the TCF homolog POP-1 have as many as 67 seam cells, and animals with reduced function of the β-catenins SYS-1 and WRM-1 have as few as three.
  • Analysis of seam cell division patterns showed alterations in their stem cell-like divisions in the L2-L4 stages: reduced Wnt signaling caused both daughters to adopt non-seam fates, while activated Wnt signaling caused both daughters to adopt the seam fate.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 20849842.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-564X
  • [Journal-full-title] Developmental biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dev. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / GM065424-01A1; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM065424; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM065424-01A1; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM41815
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BRO-1 protein, C elegans; 0 / Caenorhabditis elegans Proteins; 0 / Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / High Mobility Group Proteins; 0 / RNT-1 protein, C elegans; 0 / Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / Sys-1 protein, C elegans; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / WRM-1 protein, C elegans; 0 / Wnt Proteins; 0 / bar-1 protein, C elegans; 0 / pop-1 protein, C elegans
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS238183; NLM/ PMC2976807
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76. Johnson TA, Neely ST, Kopun JG, Dierking DM, Tan H, Gorga MP: Clinical test performance of distortion-product otoacoustic emissions using new stimulus conditions. Ear Hear; 2010 Feb;31(1):74-83
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  • The accuracy of the dichotomous decision task (area under the relative operating characteristic curve [AROC]) for these new stimulus conditions was evaluated as a function of L2 and was compared with previous reports in the literature where traditional stimuli were used (Stover et al. 1996).
  • Here, traditional stimuli are defined as L1 = L2 + 10 and f2/f1 = 1.22 for all L2 and f2 values.
  • In addition to I/O functions, DPgrams with L2 = 55-dB sound pressure level (SPL) and f2 ranging from 0.7 to 8 kHz were recorded for each subject using the traditional stimuli.
  • Finally, the accuracy with which DPOAE thresholds predicted behavioral thresholds was evaluated in relation to previous reports in the literature for two definitions of DPOAE threshold, one where the entire I/O function was used to make the prediction and a second where the lowest L2 producing a signal to noise ratio > or =3 dB was used.
  • With both the new and traditional stimuli, moderate stimulus levels (L2 = 40- to 55-dB SPL) resulted in the most accurate identification of auditory status.
  • When L2 = 55-dB SPL, the new stimuli produced AROC values that were equivalent to those observed with traditional stimuli.

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  • (PMID = 19701088.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-4667
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear and hearing
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Hear
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / P30 DC004662; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / F32 DC007536; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / P30 DC004662-02; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC002251; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC002251-12; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC007536-02; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC004662-02; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / P30-DC04662; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / F32 DC007536-02; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01-DC02251; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC002251-12; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / F32-DC007536
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS267281; NLM/ PMC3049317
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77. Krishna Kumari A, Harichandrakumar KT, Das LK, Krishnamoorthy K: Physical and psychosocial burden due to lymphatic filariasis as perceived by patients and medical experts. Trop Med Int Health; 2005 Jun;10(6):567-73
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  • Adenolymphangitis had the highest severity levels in all domains of health followed by lymphoedema grade 4 (L4), lymphoedema grade 3 (L3), hydrocele grade 2 (H2), lymphoedema grade 2 (L2), lymphoedema grade1 (L1) and hydrocele grade 1 (H1).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Interpersonal Relations. Lymphangitis / physiopathology. Lymphangitis / psychology. Lymphedema / physiopathology. Lymphedema / psychology. Male. Middle Aged. Pain / physiopathology. Self Care. Severity of Illness Index. Testicular Hydrocele / physiopathology. Testicular Hydrocele / psychology. Walking

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  • (PMID = 15941420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1360-2276
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop. Med. Int. Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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78. Berthold LD, Moritz JD, Soenksen S, Alzen G: [Assessment of bone density in children and adolescents by quantitative CT of one lumbar vertebra only]. Rofo; 2006 Mar;178(3):292-7
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  • RESULTS: The mean bone density in the lumbar vertebrae was 139.9 mg/ml calcium-hydroxylapatite per ml bone in L1, 133.9 in L2, and 131.7 in L3, and the mean of all three vertebrae was 135.2 mg/ml.
  • The density in L2 was 1.3 mg/ml below the mean (SD 3.1 mg/ml).
  • The bone density of L2 is close to the mean of the upper three vertebrae.
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Sex Factors

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  • (PMID = 16508836.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-9029
  • [Journal-full-title] RöFo : Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rofo
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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79. Saberi H, Isfahani AV: Higher preoperative Oswestry Disability Index is associated with better surgical outcome in upper lumbar disc herniations. Eur Spine J; 2008 Jan;17(1):117-21
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  • To evaluate the surgical outcome in terms of functional and subjective recovery, patients who needed discectomies at L1-L2, L2-L3 and L3-L4 levels were compared with an age and sex-matched group of patients who required L4-L5 and L5-S1 discectomies.
  • We prospectively enrolled 50 consecutive patients, referred to our center, who had L1-L2, L2-L3 and L3-L4 herniations and required surgical intervention.
  • The mean age of patients with upper lumbar disc herniation (L1-L2, L2-L3, L3-L4) was 45.7 years and patients with lower lumbar disc herniation (L4-L5, L5-S1) had a mean age of 41.2 years.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Cites] Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2000 Nov 15;25(22):2940-52; discussion 2952 [11074683.001]
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  • (PMID = 17972115.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0932
  • [Journal-full-title] European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2365528
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80. Soyibo AK, Barton EN: Report from the Caribbean renal registry, 2006. West Indian Med J; 2007 Sep;56(4):355-63
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  • In regards to the calcium phosphate product, two-thirds of the patients in all countries reporting data had values below the recommendation of 4.4 mmol2/L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Caribbean Region / epidemiology. Child. Diabetes Mellitus. Female. Glomerulonephritis / complications. Health Surveys. Humans. Hypertension / complications. Kidney Transplantation. Male. Middle Aged. Peritoneal Dialysis. Registries. Risk Factors. Surveys and Questionnaires

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  • (PMID = 18198742.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-3144
  • [Journal-full-title] The West Indian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Indian Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Jamaica
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81. Shin BS, Ko JS, Gwak MS, Yang M, Kim CS, Hahm TS, Lee SM, Cho HS, Kim ST, Kim JH, Kim GS: The effects of prehydration on the properties of cerebrospinal fluid and the spread of isobaric spinal anesthetic drug. Anesth Analg; 2008 Mar;106(3):1002-7, table of contents
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  • CSF motion variables were measured after infusion of 10 mL/kg of lactated Ringer's solution to examine the net flow and volume displacement of the CSF at the L2-3 disk level.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Blood Pressure / drug effects. Cerebrospinal Fluid / drug effects. Cerebrospinal Fluid / metabolism. Cerebrovascular Circulation / drug effects. Diffusion. Female. Heart Rate / drug effects. Humans. Infusions, Intravenous. Injections, Spinal. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Sensation / drug effects. Stroke Volume / drug effects. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 18292453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-7598
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesia and analgesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesth. Analg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 0 / Isotonic Solutions; 0 / Rehydration Solutions; 0619F35CGV / Tetracaine; 8022-63-7 / Ringer's lactate
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82. Singh V, Srinivastava A, Kapoor R, Kumar A: Can the complicated forgotten indwelling ureteric stents be lethal? Int Urol Nephrol; 2005;37(3):541-6
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  • The mean patient age was 32 +/- l2 years, male to female ratio 17:2 and the mean duration of stents in urinary system was 24.2 months (7 months to l0 years).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Calcinosis / etiology. Child, Preschool. Device Removal. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Lithotripsy. Male

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  • [Cites] J Urol. 2001 Sep;166(3):890-3 [11490240.001]
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  • (PMID = 16307339.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1623
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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83. Rossi S, Gugler MF, Friederici AD, Hahne A: The impact of proficiency on syntactic second-language processing of German and Italian: evidence from event-related potentials. J Cogn Neurosci; 2006 Dec;18(12):2030-48
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  • The present study investigated the role of proficiency in late second-language (L2) processing using comparable stimuli in German and Italian.
  • Four experiments were conducted to study high- and low-proficiency L2 learners of German as well as high- and low-proficiency L2 learners of Italian.
  • High-proficiency L2 learners in both languages showed the same event-related potential (ERP) components as native speakers for all syntactic violations.
  • In high-proficiency L2 learners, the timing of the processing steps was equivalent to that of native speakers, although some amplitude differences were present.
  • Low-proficiency L2 learners, however, showed qualitative differences in the agreement violation characterized by the absence of the LAN and quantitative differences reflected in a delayed P600 in every violation condition.
  • These findings emphasize that with a high proficiency, late L2 learners can indeed show native-like neural responses with the timing approximating that of native speakers.
  • This challenges the idea that there are fundamental differences in language processing in the brain between natives and late L2 learners.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Algorithms. Electrooculography. Evoked Potentials / physiology. Female. Germany. Humans. Italy. Male. Psycholinguistics. Psychomotor Performance / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17129189.001).
  • [ISSN] 0898-929X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cognitive neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cogn Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Valverde E, Casinos A, Alba-Fernández C, Del Río L: Lumbar ontogenetic allometry and dimorphism in humans. A case for comparison between interspecific and intraspecific scaling. Eur J Morphol; 2005 Oct-Dec;42(4-5):185-92
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  • The ontogenetic allometry of the lumbar region of 1913 humans (1228 females and 685 males), ranging from newborn to 21-year-old individuals, was studied by means of length, width, projected surface area and bone mineral density of the segment L2 - L4, obtained by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA).
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adolescent. Adult. Animals. Body Size. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Linear Models. Male. Mammals. Models, Biological. Predictive Value of Tests. Species Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16982475.001).
  • [ISSN] 0924-3860
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of morphology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Morphol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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85. Zijderveld SA, Schulten EA, Aartman IH, ten Bruggenkate CM: Long-term changes in graft height after maxillary sinus floor elevation with different grafting materials: radiographic evaluation with a minimum follow-up of 4.5 years. Clin Oral Implants Res; 2009 Jul;20(7):691-700
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  • The three locations were the first bone to implant contact at the distal side of the second most posterior implant (L1), halfway between this implant and the most posterior implant (L2) and the site 5 mm distal to the most posterior implant (L3).
  • Similar results were found on L2 (P=0.005).
  • There was no statistically significant difference in height reduction between locations L1, L2 and L3 for vertical bone height and graft height, respectively.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Alveolar Bone Loss / radiography. Alveolar Process / radiography. Biocompatible Materials / therapeutic use. Calcium Phosphates / therapeutic use. Cephalometry. Dental Arch / radiography. Dental Arch / surgery. Dental Implants. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Longitudinal Studies. Male. Middle Aged. Tissue and Organ Harvesting. Transplantation, Autologous

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  • (PMID = 19453567.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0501
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical oral implants research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Oral Implants Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biocompatible Materials; 0 / Bone Substitutes; 0 / Calcium Phosphates; 0 / Dental Implants; 0 / beta-tricalcium phosphate
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86. Alwis G, Rosengren B, Nilsson JA, Stenevi-Lundgren S, Sundberg M, Sernbo I, Karlsson MK: Normative calcaneal quantitative ultrasound data as an estimation of skeletal development in Swedish children and adolescents. Calcif Tissue Int; 2010 Dec;87(6):493-506
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  • DXA measurements included BMC and BMD in the femoral neck (FN), lumbar spine (L2-L4), and total body (TB).
  • Compared to SOS, in both girls and boys there was a higher correlation between BUA and FN BMC (r = 0.71 and r = 0.73, respectively), FN BMD (r = 0.68 and r = 0.67, respectively), L2-L4 BMC (r = 0.70 and r = 0.64, respectively), L2-L4 BMD (r = 0.69 and r = 0.64, respectively), TB BMC (r = 0.76 and r = 0.75, respectively), and TB BMD (r = 0.74 and r = 0.74, respectively).
  • The correlations between SOS and FN BMC (r = 0.38 and r = 0.52, respectively), FN BMD (r = 0.41 and r = 0.52, respectively), L2-L4 BMC (r = 0.31 and r = 0.40, respectively), L2-L4 BMD (r = 0.32 and r = 0.41, respectively), TB BMC (r = 0.42 and r = 0.49, respectively), and TB BMD (r = 0.48 and r = 0.54, respectively) were lower, although still significant (all P < 0.001).
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adolescent. Body Weight. Bone Density. Child. Female. Femur Neck / growth & development. Femur Neck / ultrasonography. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae / growth & development. Lumbar Vertebrae / ultrasonography. Male. Regression Analysis. Sweden. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20960155.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0827
  • [Journal-full-title] Calcified tissue international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Calcif. Tissue Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Ambroszkiewicz J, Klemarczyk W, Gajewska J, Chełchowska M, Franek E, Laskowska-Klita T: The influence of vegan diet on bone mineral density and biochemical bone turnover markers. Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab; 2010;16(3):201-4
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  • Z-score BMD lumbar spine (L2-L4) was between -0.9 to -1.9 in parents and -1.5 to -1.7 in children.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biomarkers / metabolism. Calcium / blood. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Phosphates / blood. Vitamin D / blood

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  • (PMID = 21092700.001).
  • [ISSN] 2081-237X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Endocrinol Diabetes Metab
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Phosphates; 1406-16-2 / Vitamin D; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
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88. Moyano MJ, Gómez de Tejada MJ, García Lozano R, Moruno R, Ortega R, Martí V, Sánchez Palencia R, Miranda MJ, Palma A, Pérez Cano R: [Alterations in bone mineral metabolism in patients with calcium kidney stone disease and polymorphism of vitamin D receptor. Preliminary results]. Nefrologia; 2007;27(6):694-703
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  • We performed a complete study including biochemical markers of bone mineral remodelling, bone mineral density (BMD) was estimated both in the lumbar spine (L2-L4) and femoral neck, and also VDR polymorphism for the loci b, a and t.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18336098.001).
  • [ISSN] 0211-6995
  • [Journal-full-title] Nefrología : publicación oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nefrologia
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Calcitriol; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
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89. Al-Azzawi F, Lees B, Thompson J, Stevenson JC: Bone mineral density in postmenopausal women treated with a vaginal ring delivering systemic doses of estradiol acetate. Menopause; 2005 May-Jun;12(3):331-9
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  • The primary endpoint was change in lumbar spine bone mineral density (L2-L4); change in total hip bone mineral density was a secondary endpoint.
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Intravaginal. Adult. Algorithms. Double-Blind Method. Female. Great Britain. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae / drug effects. Middle Aged. Postmenopause. Prodrugs. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15879923.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-3714
  • [Journal-full-title] Menopause (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Menopause
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Prodrugs; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol
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90. Postma AV, van de Meerakker JB, Mathijssen IB, Barnett P, Christoffels VM, Ilgun A, Lam J, Wilde AA, Lekanne Deprez RH, Moorman AF: A gain-of-function TBX5 mutation is associated with atypical Holt-Oram syndrome and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Circ Res; 2008 Jun 6;102(11):1433-42
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  • [MeSH-minor] Abnormalities, Multiple. Adolescent. Adult. Age of Onset. Animals. Binding, Competitive. Cells, Cultured. Child. DNA / metabolism. DNA / pharmacology. Electrocardiography. Female. Gene Expression Regulation. Gene Transfer Techniques. Genetic Linkage. Genetic Testing. Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism. Humans. Male. Mice. Pedigree. Phenotype. Protein Transport / genetics. Rats. Syndrome. Transcription Factors / metabolism. Two-Hybrid System Techniques

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  • [CommentIn] Circ Res. 2008 Sep 26;103(7):e96 [18818409.001]
  • [CommentIn] Circ Res. 2008 Jun 6;102(11):1304-6 [18535267.001]
  • (PMID = 18451335.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4571
  • [Journal-full-title] Circulation research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Circ. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / NKX2-5 protein, human; 0 / T-Box Domain Proteins; 0 / T-box transcription factor 5; 0 / Transcription Factors; 9007-49-2 / DNA
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91. Herida M, de Barbeyrac B, Sednaoui P, Scieux C, Lemarchand N, Kreplak G, Clerc M, Timsit J, Goulet V, Desenclos JC, Semaille C: Rectal lymphogranuloma venereum surveillance in France 2004-2005. Euro Surveill; 2006 Sep;11(9):155-6
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  • Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis strains belonging to the L1, L2 or L3 genotype.
  • Of these, 244 (74%) were LGV strains belonging to the L2 genotype.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chlamydia trachomatis / genetics. Chlamydia trachomatis / isolation & purification. France / epidemiology. Genotype. Homosexuality, Male. Humans. Male. Retrospective Studies. Unsafe Sex

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  • [CommentIn] Euro Surveill. 2006 Sep;11(9):146-8 [17075163.001]
  • (PMID = 17075158.001).
  • [ISSN] 1560-7917
  • [Journal-full-title] Euro surveillance : bulletin Européen sur les maladies transmissibles = European communicable disease bulletin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Euro Surveill.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] France
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92. Schmidt S, Mellström D, Norjavaara E, Sundh SV, Saalman R: Low bone mineral density in children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease: a population-based study from Western Sweden. Inflamm Bowel Dis; 2009 Dec;15(12):1844-50
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  • The entire IBD group showed significantly lower BMD Z-scores of the lumbar spine (L2-L4) in comparison to healthy references (-0.8 standard deviation [SD], range -5.9 to 3.7 SD, P < 0.001).
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adolescent. Anti-Inflammatory Agents / therapeutic use. Azathioprine / therapeutic use. Body Mass Index. Child. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Prednisolone / therapeutic use. Sex Factors. Sweden / epidemiology. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2009 Crohn's & Colitis Foundation of America, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19408319.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-4844
  • [Journal-full-title] Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inflamm. Bowel Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; MRK240IY2L / Azathioprine
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93. Lemhöfer K, Dijkstra T, Schriefers H, Baayen RH, Grainger J, Zwitserlood P: Native language influences on word recognition in a second language: a megastudy. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn; 2008 Jan;34(1):12-31
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  • Many studies have reported that word recognition in a second language (L2) is affected by the native language (L1).
  • To investigate this issue, the authors administered a word identification task (progressive demasking) on 1,025 monosyllabic English (L2) words to native speakers of French, German, and Dutch.
  • Thus, although influences across languages exist, word recognition in L2 by proficient bilinguals is primarily determined by within-language factors, whereas cross-language effects appear to be limited.
  • An additional comparison of the bilingual data with a native control group showed that there are subtle but significant differences between L1 and L2 processing.

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  • [Copyright] PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 18194052.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-7393
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD043251-03; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD043251-03; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD043251-04; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD043251; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD043251-04; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD043251-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Grossi JV, Nicola RF, Bigolin AV, Montes JH, Lima JN, Kraemer R, Cavazzola L: Description of the technique of upper gastrointestinal series radiological examination for the evaluation of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum of Wistar female rats. Acta Cir Bras; 2009 Nov-Dec;24(6):490-5
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  • METHODS: Eight adult female Wistar rats were undergone to the contrast radiography as anteroposterior incidence and as posterior incidence in profile.
  • The upper esophageal sphincter (UES) was identified in the esophagus at the nerve C2, the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) was identified between spinal cord segments L1 and L2, the thoracic-abdominal junction was observed at T10, the esophageal-gastric junction (EGJ) at T13-L1, with the abdominal portion in the epigastric region.

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  • (PMID = 20011836.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-2674
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cirurgica brasileira
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cir Bras
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 25BB7EKE2E / Barium Sulfate
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95. Yoganandan N, Pintar FA, Stemper BD, Baisden JL, Aktay R, Shender BS, Paskoff G: Bone mineral density of human female cervical and lumbar spines from quantitative computed tomography. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2006 Jan 1;31(1):73-6
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  • OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that BMD of neck vertebrae (C2-C7) is equivalent to BMD of lumbar vertebrae (L2-L4).
  • METHODS: Adult healthy human female volunteers with ages ranging from 18 to 40 years underwent quantitative computed tomography (CT) scanning of the neck and back.
  • RESULTS: When data were grouped by cervical (C2-C7), thoracic (T1), and lumbar (L2-L4) spines, mean BMD was 260.8 +/- 42.5, 206.9 +/- 33.5, and 179.7 +/- 23.4 mg/mL.
  • The lack of differences in BMD among the three lumbar vertebral bodies confirms the appropriateness of using L2, L3, or L4 in clinical or biomechanical situations.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Reproducibility of Results. Thoracic Vertebrae / metabolism. Thoracic Vertebrae / radiography


96. Stamenkovic D, Geric V, Djordjevic M, Raskovic J, Slavkovic Z, Randjelovic T, Karanikolas M: Subarachnoid morphine, bupivacaine and fentanyl as part of combined spinal-epidural analgesia for low anterior resection. A prospective, randomised, double-blind clinical trial. Anaesth Intensive Care; 2009 Jul;37(4):552-60
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  • Epidural catheter placement and subarachnoid injection were done via a combined spinal-epidural Epistar needle at L2-3.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Double-Blind Method. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Subarachnoid Space

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  • (PMID = 19681410.001).
  • [ISSN] 0310-057X
  • [Journal-full-title] Anaesthesia and intensive care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anaesth Intensive Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 76I7G6D29C / Morphine; UF599785JZ / Fentanyl; Y8335394RO / Bupivacaine
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97. Anglister L, Etlin A, Finkel E, Durrant AR, Lev-Tov A: Cholinesterases in development and disease. Chem Biol Interact; 2008 Sep 25;175(1-3):92-100
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  • In the first part we show that AChE is abundant in ventral horn neurons, central canal-adjacent and partition neurons in all the observed segments (L2, L5, S1, and S2).
  • AChE was also found in the intermediolateral and sacral parasympathetic nuclei of L2 and S1, respectively.
  • In the second part we show that adult mdx-muscles are malformed with distorted neuromuscular junctions (nmjs) and impaired regulation of acetylcholine receptors.

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  • (PMID = 18571632.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-2797
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemico-biological interactions
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chem. Biol. Interact.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Dystrophin; EC 3.1.1.8 / Cholinesterases; N9YNS0M02X / Acetylcholine
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98. Alcaide M, Reina D, Frontera E, Navarrete I: Analysis of larval antigens of Oestrus ovis for the diagnosis of oestrosis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Med Vet Entomol; 2005 Jun;19(2):151-7
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  • The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique was used to analyze and compare the production of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies against excretory-secretory products (ESP) and crude extract (CE) antigens from all the different larval stages of O. ovis in the sera of 276 adult sheep sampled in summer (n = 135) and winter (n = 141).
  • In Spain, where a long favourable period exists for the evolution and development of the different stage larvae between March and November, the ELISA test using L1 ESP antigen during winter and L2 ESP antigen in summer may be used for ovine oestrosis immunodiagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 15958024.001).
  • [ISSN] 0269-283X
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical and veterinary entomology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Vet. Entomol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens
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99. Carballo JJ, Oquendo MA, Garcia-Moreno M, Poza B, Giner L, Baca E, Zalsman G, Roche AM, Sher L: Demographic and clinical features of adolescents and young adults with alcohol-related disorders admitted to the psychiatric emergency room. Int J Adolesc Med Health; 2006 Jan-Mar;18(1):87-96
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  • 50% of those with ARP consumed (an)other substance/s, while 12.0% of those patients without ARP consumed (an)other substance/s (chi2 = l2.48; df=1; p < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSION: ARP in young adults admitted to the PER for acute psychiatric care are associated with greater psychiatric comorbidity, especially personality disorders.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Medical Audit. Retrospective Studies. Spain

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  • (PMID = 16639862.001).
  • [ISSN] 0334-0139
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of adolescent medicine and health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Adolesc Med Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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100. Arakawa M, Ohe Y: The relationship between the efficacy of epidural anesthesia and the concentration of lidocaine in cerebrospinal fluid. Med Sci Monit; 2009 Mar;15(3):CR95-100
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  • MATERIAL/METHODS: Twenty eight full-term parturients undergoing cesarean section under epidural anesthesia at L2-3 were divided into two groups: the first group (lidocaine group) received 17 mL of 2% lidocaine-epinephrine (1:200,000) and the second group (lidocaine-bicarbonate group) received the same concentration of lidocaine-epinephrine supplemented bicarbonate.
  • The pain threshold after the repeated electrical stimulation was used to assess sensory blockade at the L2, S1, and S3 dermatomes.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Pain Threshold / drug effects. Pregnancy. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19247246.001).
  • [ISSN] 1643-3750
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 98PI200987 / Lidocaine
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