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1. Chakraborty R, Goffman L, Smith A: Physiological indices of bilingualism: oral-motor coordination and speech rate in Bengali-English speakers. J Speech Lang Hear Res; 2008 Apr;51(2):321-32
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  • For all 21 speakers, lip movement variability was assessed based on productions of Bengali (L1; 1st language) and English (L2; 2nd language) sentences.
  • For analyses related to the influence of L2 proficiency on speech production processes, participants were sorted into low- (n = 7) and high-proficiency (n = 7) groups.
  • Lip movement variability and speech rate were evaluated for both of these groups across L1 and L2 sentences.
  • RESULTS: Surprisingly, adult bilingual speakers produced equally consistent speech movement patterns in their production of L1 and L2.
  • Consistent with previous studies, movement durations were longer for less proficient speakers in both L1 and L2.
  • INTERPRETATION: In contrast to those of child learners, the speech motor systems of adult L2 speakers show a high degree of consistency.
  • Such lack of variability presumably contributes to protracted difficulties with acquiring nativelike pronunciation in L2.
  • The proficiency results suggest bidirectional interactions across L1 and L2, which is consistent with hypotheses regarding interference and the sharing of phonological space.

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  • (PMID = 18367680.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-4388
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC004826-05; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC004826; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / DC04826; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC004826-05
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS155184; NLM/ PMC2782381
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2. Vij N, Zeitlin PL: Regulation of the ClC-2 lung epithelial chloride channel by glycosylation of SP1. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol; 2006 Jun;34(6):754-9
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  • Using fetal (preII-19) and adult (L2) rat lung Type 2 cell lines, we demonstrate that the active higher-molecular-weight 105-kD isoform of SP1 is phosphorylated and glycosylated.

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  • (PMID = 16456185.001).
  • [ISSN] 1044-1549
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL 59410
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chloride Channels; 0 / ClC-2 chloride channels; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Sp1 Transcription Factor; 0RH81L854J / Glutamine; 11089-65-9 / Tunicamycin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2644236
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3. Waalboer R, van der Snoek EM, van der Meijden WI, Mulder PG, Ossewaarde JM: Analysis of rectal Chlamydia trachomatis serovar distribution including L2 (lymphogranuloma venereum) at the Erasmus MC STI clinic, Rotterdam. Sex Transm Infect; 2006 Jun;82(3):207-11
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  • [Title] Analysis of rectal Chlamydia trachomatis serovar distribution including L2 (lymphogranuloma venereum) at the Erasmus MC STI clinic, Rotterdam.
  • The aim of this study was to explore possible relations between demographics, sexual behaviour, clinical manifestations, rectal symptoms, and chlamydial serovars including L2 (lymphogranuloma venereum).
  • RESULTS: Of all 219 rectal chlamydial infections, detected in the period July 2001 to August 2005, a total of 149 (68.0%) were successfully genotyped including 21 (14.1%) infections with serovar L2.
  • In univariable and multivariable analyses, L2 serovar positive patients were significantly more often HIV positive (p = 0.002; OR: 6.5; 95% CI: 2.0 to 21.1), and had had sex in the past 6 months with more partners compared to other serovars.
  • Furthermore, patients with L2 proctitis presented far more often with self reported rectal symptoms (p<0.005; OR: 19.4; 95% CI: 4.9 to 77.0) and clinical manifestations (p<0.005; OR: 15.4; 95% CI: 4.5 to 52.5).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Chlamydial infections with serovar L2 show a different clinical and epidemiological pattern compared to serovar D-K.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Condoms / utilization. Female. Genotype. Humans. Lymphogranuloma Venereum / microbiology. Lymphogranuloma Venereum / virology. Male. Multivariate Analysis. Netherlands. Proctitis / microbiology. Proctitis / virology. Sexual Behavior. Sexual Partners


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4. Toubai T, Tanaka J, Ota S, Fukuhara T, Hashino S, Kondo T, Kasai M, Kakinoki Y, Masauzi N, Morioka M, Kawamura T, Iwasaki H, Asaka M, Imamura M: Minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring using rearrangement of T-cell receptor and immunoglobulin H gene in the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients. Am J Hematol; 2005 Nov;80(3):181-7
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  • [Title] Minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring using rearrangement of T-cell receptor and immunoglobulin H gene in the treatment of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients.
  • All patients had L2 type ALL.
  • Our data provide evidence that molecular MRD status of BM is a strong predictor of outcome in adult ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Rearrangement. Gene Rearrangement, T-Lymphocyte. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Clone Cells. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gene Rearrangement, delta-Chain T-Cell Antigen Receptor. Gene Rearrangement, gamma-Chain T-Cell Antigen Receptor. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Molecular Diagnostic Techniques. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Remission Induction. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16247752.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
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5. Ichiyama RM, Courtine G, Gerasimenko YP, Yang GJ, van den Brand R, Lavrov IA, Zhong H, Roy RR, Edgerton VR: Step training reinforces specific spinal locomotor circuitry in adult spinal rats. J Neurosci; 2008 Jul 16;28(29):7370-5
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  • [Title] Step training reinforces specific spinal locomotor circuitry in adult spinal rats.
  • Adult rats received a complete spinal cord transection (T9), and epidural stimulation (ES) electrodes were secured to the dura matter at L2.
  • Using a servo-controlled body weight support system for bipedal stepping, five rats were trained 7 d/week for 6 weeks (30 min/d) under quipazine (0.3 mg/kg) and ES (L2; 40 Hz).

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  • (PMID = 18632941.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-2401
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB007615
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Kim JH, Kim SS, Suk SI: Incidence of proximal adjacent failure in adult lumbar deformity correction based on proximal fusion level. Asian Spine J; 2007 Jun;1(1):19-26

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  • [Title] Incidence of proximal adjacent failure in adult lumbar deformity correction based on proximal fusion level.
  • PURPOSE: To review the results and proximal adjacent problems of long fusion (more than 4 levels) according to the level of proximal fusion (L2~T9) in adult lumbar deformity using pedicle screw fixation.
  • OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: There are few written reports concerning proximal adjacent segmental failure according to the level of proximal fusion in adult lumbar deformity.
  • METHODS: The radiographs and clinical records of thirty-five patients (30 females, 5 males) of adult lumbar deformity with more than 2-year follow-up after surgery were analyzed.
  • All patients were divided into three groups according to the level of proximal fusion: Group 1 (n=14) fusion up to L1 or L2; Group 2 (n=14) fusion up to T11 or T12; and Group 3 (n=7) fusion up to T9 or T10.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fusion up to throacolumbar junction (L2~T11) in surgical treatment of adult lumbar deformity had more proximal adjacent problems with poorer results.
  • Fusion higher than T10 is recommended for adult lumbar deformity.

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  • (PMID = 20411148.001).
  • [ISSN] 1976-7846
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian spine journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2857492
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adjacent segmental failure / Adult lumbar deformity / Proximal adjacent problem / Proximal fusion level
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7. Gahr P, Tschöke SK, Haschtmann D, Heyde CE: Multiple revisions of a L2 burst fracture in a suicide jumper: a retrospective analysis of what went wrong. Eur Spine J; 2009 Jul;18(7):927-34; discussion 935-7
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  • [Title] Multiple revisions of a L2 burst fracture in a suicide jumper: a retrospective analysis of what went wrong.
  • While the Th12 and the L1 vertebral fractures were considered stable, the L2 fracture exhibited a complete burst configuration with 80% canal compromise due to a posterior wall fragment causing paraplegia.
  • At 1 year follow-up the patient presented to us for new onset radiculopathy L2, and loss of correction.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Kyphosis / radiography. Pain, Postoperative / etiology. Pain, Postoperative / pathology. Pain, Postoperative / physiopathology. Paraparesis / etiology. Paraparesis / pathology. Paraparesis / physiopathology. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / instrumentation. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods. Reoperation. Retrospective Studies. Spinal Cord / blood supply. Spinal Cord / pathology. Spinal Cord / physiopathology. Spinal Cord Compression / etiology. Spinal Cord Compression / pathology. Spinal Cord Compression / physiopathology. Spinal Cord Ischemia / etiology. Spinal Cord Ischemia / physiopathology. Spinal Stenosis / etiology. Spinal Stenosis / pathology. Spinal Stenosis / radiography. Suicide, Attempted / psychology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19495813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0932
  • [Journal-full-title] European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Clinical Conference; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2899590
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8. Mehren C, Korge A, Siepe C, Grochulla F, Mayer HM: [Minimal invasive anterior midline approach to L2-L5]. Oper Orthop Traumatol; 2010 Nov;22(5-6):573-81
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  • [Title] [Minimal invasive anterior midline approach to L2-L5].
  • [Transliterated title] Minimalinvasive ventrale Mittellinienzugänge L2-L5.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe a minimally invasive midline approach, retroperitoneal or transperitoneal, to the lumbar spinal levels L2-L5.
  • In 444 cases the levels L2-L5 were exposed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Arthroplasty / instrumentation. Arthroplasty / methods. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prosthesis Design. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21153014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0981
  • [Journal-full-title] Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oper Orthop Traumatol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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9. He G, Wang T, Yang G, Fei Y, Zhang Z, Wang C, Yang Z, Lan J, Luo L, Liu L: Sequence analysis of Bs-Ag2 gene from Baylisascaris schroederi of giant panda and evaluation of the efficacy of a recombinant Bs-Ag2 antigen in mice. Vaccine; 2009 May 14;27(22):3007-11
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  • Sequence analysis indicated that the nucleotide sequences of the Bs-Ag2 from adult, L2 and L3 of B. schroederi were completely identical.

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  • (PMID = 19428912.001).
  • [ISSN] 0264-410X
  • [Journal-full-title] Vaccine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vaccine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ EU807971
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Helminth; 0 / Antigens, Helminth; 0 / Immunoglobulin G; 0 / Vaccines, Subunit; 0 / Vaccines, Synthetic
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10. Elston-Güttler KE, Paulmann S, Kotz SA: Who's in control? Proficiency and L1 influence on L2 processing. J Cogn Neurosci; 2005 Oct;17(10):1593-610

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Who's in control? Proficiency and L1 influence on L2 processing.
  • We report three reaction time (RT)/event-related brain potential (ERP) semantic priming lexical decision experiments that explore the following in relation to L1 activation during L2 processing:.
  • (1) the role of L2 proficiency, (2) the role of sentence context, and (3) the locus of L1 activations (orthographic vs. semantic).
  • All experiments used German (L1) homonyms translated into English (L2) to form prime-target pairs (pine-jaw for Kiefer) to test whether the L1 caused interference in an all-L2 experiment.
  • Based on these results, we argue that cognitive control relating to translational activation is modulated by (1) L2 proficiency, as the early interference in the N200 was observed only for low-proficiency learners, and (2) sentence context, as it helps high-proficiency learners control L1 activation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Brain Mapping. Electroencephalography / methods. Female. Humans. Language Tests / statistics & numerical data. Male. Photic Stimulation / methods. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 16269099.001).
  • [ISSN] 0898-929X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cognitive neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cogn Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Premachandra DW, Borgemeister C, Poehling HM: Effects of neem and spinosad on Ceratothripoides claratris (Thysanoptera: Thripidae), an important vegetable pest in Thailand, under laboratory and greenhouse conditions. J Econ Entomol; 2005 Apr;98(2):438-48
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  • However, neither second larval stage (L2) nor adult survival was influenced by both neem products.

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  • (PMID = 15889736.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-0493
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of economic entomology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Econ. Entomol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drug Combinations; 0 / Insecticides; 0 / Limonins; 0 / Macrolides; 0 / spinosad; O4U1SAF85H / azadirachtin
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12. Elston-Güttler KE, Gunter TC, Kotz SA: Zooming into L2: global language context and adjustment affect processing of interlingual homographs in sentences. Brain Res Cogn Brain Res; 2005 Sep;25(1):57-70
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  • [Title] Zooming into L2: global language context and adjustment affect processing of interlingual homographs in sentences.
  • Native German speakers with intermediate or advanced knowledge of English (N = 48) performed an all-L2 (English) experiment where sentences such as "The woman gave her friend an expensive gift" (control prime: item) were presented, followed by targets (i.e., boss) for lexical decision.
  • Results suggest that in an all-L2 sentence task with L2 pre-task priming (English film), decision thresholds are raised high enough to eliminate measurable influence of the L1 on the L2.
  • Despite identical material, participants who viewed the German film had to adjust, or zoom in, to the all-L2 task.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Brain Mapping. Electroencephalography / methods. Evoked Potentials / physiology. Female. Humans. Male. Photic Stimulation / methods. Psycholinguistics

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  • (PMID = 15905078.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-6410
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain research. Cognitive brain research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Res Cogn Brain Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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13. Gupta SP, Agarwal A: Intraosseous neurilemmoma of L2 vertebra--a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2005 Jul;48(3):367-9
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  • [Title] Intraosseous neurilemmoma of L2 vertebra--a case report.
  • This paper reports an unusual occurrence of intraosseous neurilemmoma in L2 vertebral body.
  • Roetengenograms showed an osteolytic lesion of L2 vertebra localized in the left half of the body and pedicle.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Schwann Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16761755.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Number-of-references] 4
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14. Korovessis P, Baikousis A, Zacharatos S, Petsinis G, Koureas G, Iliopoulos P: Combined anterior plus posterior stabilization versus posterior short-segment instrumentation and fusion for mid-lumbar (L2-L4) burst fractures. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2006 Apr 15;31(8):859-68
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  • [Title] Combined anterior plus posterior stabilization versus posterior short-segment instrumentation and fusion for mid-lumbar (L2-L4) burst fractures.
  • METHODS: Forty consecutive patients with L2-L4 fresh single A3-type/AO burst fractures and load sharing score up to 6 were randomly selected to underwent either combined one-stage anterior stabilization with mesh cage and SSTF (Group A) or solely SSTF with intermediate screws in the fractured vertebra (Group B).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2006 Oct 1;31(21):2521; author reply 2521-2 [17023866.001]
  • (PMID = 16622372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Ohtori S, Nakamura S, Koshi T, Yamashita M, Yamauchi K, Inoue G, Orita S, Eguchi Y, Suzuki M, Ochiai N, Kishida S, Takaso M, Aoki Y, Kuniyoshi K, Nakamura J, Ishikawa T, Arai G, Miyagi M, Kamoda H, Suzuki M, Takahashi Y, Toyone T, Yamagata M, Takahashi K: Effectiveness of L2 spinal nerve infiltration for selective discogenic low back pain patients. J Orthop Sci; 2010 Nov;15(6):731-6
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  • [Title] Effectiveness of L2 spinal nerve infiltration for selective discogenic low back pain patients.
  • BACKGROUND: It has been reported that rat L5/6 lumbar discs are innervated mainly by L2 dorsal root ganglion neurons.
  • We previously reported that L2 spinal nerve infiltration was effective for discogenic low back pain (DLBP) patients, although the diagnosis was based only on the results of physical examination, plain films, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • The purpose of the current study was to evaluate L2 spinal nerve block for DLBP patients retrospectively based on MRI findings and surgical results.
  • L2 spinal nerve infiltration using 1.5 ml of lidocaine was performed in all 40 patients before surgery.
  • The visual analogue scale (VAS) score after L2 spinal nerve infiltration was recorded, and an association of L2 spinal nerve infiltration and DLBP was explored.
  • L2 spinal nerve infiltration was more effective in DLBP patients (21 patients, 84%) than in the non-DLBP group (6 patients, 40%) (P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSIONS: In the current study, L2 spinal nerve infiltration was effective in 84% of selected DLBP patients and is thought to be a useful tool for diagnosing DLBP.
  • However, we should take into consideration that the L2 spinal nerve infiltration was effective in 40% of non-DLBP patients as well.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Cohort Studies. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Pain Measurement. Retrospective Studies. Spinal Fusion. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21116889.001).
  • [ISSN] 1436-2023
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of orthopaedic science : official journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Orthop Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 98PI200987 / Lidocaine
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16. Mehren C, Mayer HM, Siepe C, Grochulla F, Korge A: [The minimally invasive anterolateral approach to L2-L5]. Oper Orthop Traumatol; 2010 May;22(2):221-8

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  • [Title] [The minimally invasive anterolateral approach to L2-L5].
  • [Transliterated title] Der minimalinvasive anterolaterale Zugang zu L2-L5.
  • OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive anterolateral retroperitoneal approach to the lumbar spinal levels L2-L5.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Bone Transplantation / methods. Diskectomy / instrumentation. Diskectomy / methods. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Care. Retroperitoneal Space / surgery. Surgical Instruments. Tissue and Organ Harvesting / methods

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  • (PMID = 20711832.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0981
  • [Journal-full-title] Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oper Orthop Traumatol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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17. Mkrtchyan H, Glaser M, Gross M, Wedding U, Hoffken K, Liehr T, Karst C, Aroutiounian R: Multicolor-FISH applied to resolve complex chromosomal changes in a case of T-ALL (FAB L2). Cytogenet Genome Res; 2006;114(3-4):270-3

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  • [Title] Multicolor-FISH applied to resolve complex chromosomal changes in a case of T-ALL (FAB L2).
  • We report on a patient with a clinically diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with partial unrecorded complex translocation events especially involving chromosomes 5, 9 and 18.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16954665.001).
  • [ISSN] 1424-859X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytogenetic and genome research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytogenet. Genome Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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18. Korhonen AM, Valanne JV, Jokela RM, Ravaska P, Volmanen P, Korttila K: Influence of the injection site (L2/3 or L3/4) and the posture of the vertebral column on selective spinal anesthesia for ambulatory knee arthroscopy. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand; 2005 Jan;49(1):72-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Influence of the injection site (L2/3 or L3/4) and the posture of the vertebral column on selective spinal anesthesia for ambulatory knee arthroscopy.
  • METHODS: In this double-blind study, 123 patients were randomly allocated to receive spinal anesthesia with 4 mg of hyperbaric bupivacaine inserted at either the L2/3 interspace, while the vertebral column was kept horizontal (L2/3 group), or the L3/4 level, with the vertebral column horizontal (L3/4H) or tilted 5 degrees head-down (L3/4T).
  • RESULTS: In the L3/4T group the sensory block (Th8) reached a significantly higher level 30 min after spinal injection, compared with both the L2/3 (Th10) and L3/4H (Th11) groups.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Body Mass Index. Double-Blind Method. Female. Head-Down Tilt. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Monitoring, Intraoperative. Motor Neurons / drug effects. Nerve Block. Physical Stimulation. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15675986.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5172
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Anaesthesiol Scand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Local; Y8335394RO / Bupivacaine
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19. Molins A, Stufflebeam SM, Brown EN, Hämäläinen MS: Quantification of the benefit from integrating MEG and EEG data in minimum l2-norm estimation. Neuroimage; 2008 Sep 1;42(3):1069-77
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  • [Title] Quantification of the benefit from integrating MEG and EEG data in minimum l2-norm estimation.

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  • (PMID = 18602485.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-9572
  • [Journal-full-title] NeuroImage
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroimage
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB006385; United States / NIH HHS / OD / DP1 OD003646; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB06385; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / K08MH067966; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / EB006385-02; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / R01 EB006385-02; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA015644; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P41RR14075
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Peelle MW, Boachie-Adjei O, Charles G, Kanazawa Y, Mesfin A: Lumbar curve response to selective thoracic fusion in adult idiopathic scoliosis. Spine J; 2008 Nov-Dec;8(6):897-903
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  • [Title] Lumbar curve response to selective thoracic fusion in adult idiopathic scoliosis.
  • BACKGROUND CONTEXT: To date, no study has critically examined the radiographic characteristics of the lumbar curve after selective thoracic fusion for the adult idiopathic scoliosis patient population.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the radiographic response of the lumbar curve to selective thoracic fusion in the adult scoliosis population with correlative clinical outcomes.
  • All patients underwent selective thoracic posterior fusion with end-instrumented vertebra at T11 (1), T12 (7), L1 (14), and L2 (8).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The lumbar curve response in adult, selective thoracic scoliosis surgery is characterized by 1) moderate correction but less than the bending film Cobb;.
  • Good clinical outcomes can be achieved with posterior translational instrumentation in adult scoliosis patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18261962.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-9430
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Higuchi T, Toyama D, Hirota Y, Isoyama K, Mori H, Niikura H, Yamada K, Omine M: Disseminated intravascular coagulation complicating acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a study of childhood and adult cases. Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Aug;46(8):1169-76
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  • [Title] Disseminated intravascular coagulation complicating acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a study of childhood and adult cases.
  • A high incidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is reported.
  • However, studies comprising both childhood and adult patients are sparse and the clinical relevance of DIC in ALL patients has been a conflicting issue.
  • Coagulation profiles at presentation and within seven days after starting remission-induction therapy of 44 childhood and 51 adult ALL patients were studied.
  • At presentation, two childhood (5%) and 11 adult (22%) patients had DIC (p<0.05).
  • After starting therapy, four of 27 childhood (15%) and 14 of 33 adult (42%) patients screened for coagulopathy developed DIC (p<0.05).
  • In the adult cases, DIC was more frequently complicated with FAB subtype L2 than L1 (p<0.05).
  • In the adult patients, two patients with DIC had WHO grade 3 hemorrhage and the other hemorrhagic complications were minor hemorrhages.
  • While milder induction therapies starting with corticosteroid given for childhood cases should be taken into consideration when comparing the incidences of DIC after therapy, the findings indicated that childhood and adult ALL may differ in the procoagulant characteristics.
  • Morphological distinction between L1 and L2 appears to have relevance in the procoagulant activity in adult ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hemorrhage / complications. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction / methods. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16085558.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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22. Kim YJ, Bridwell KH, Lenke LG, Rhim S, Kim YW: Is the T9, T11, or L1 the more reliable proximal level after adult lumbar or lumbosacral instrumented fusion to L5 or S1? Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2007 Nov 15;32(24):2653-61
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  • [Title] Is the T9, T11, or L1 the more reliable proximal level after adult lumbar or lumbosacral instrumented fusion to L5 or S1?
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare the postoperative proximal junctional change and revision prevalence as influenced by 3 different proximal levels after adult lumbar deformity instrumented fusion from the distal thoracic/upper lumbar spine (T9-L2) to L5 or S1.
  • SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Few comparative studies on postoperative sagittal plane change and revision prevalence as influenced by 3 different proximal levels after adult lumbar deformity instrumented fusion from the distal thoracic/upper lumbar spine (T9-L2) to L5 or S1 have been published.
  • Many surgeons have hypothesized that stopping proximally in the upper lumbar spine (L1 or L2) or the thoracolumbar junction (T11 or T12) would lead to a high percentage of rapid proximal degeneration, kyphosis, and decompensation because of the concentration of stress on these relatively mobile segments.
  • METHODS: A clinical and radiographic assessment in addition to revision prevalence of 125 adult lumbar deformity patients (average age 57.1 year) who underwent long (average 7.1 vertebrae) segmental posterior spinal instrumented fusion from the distal thoracic/upper lumbar spine (T9-L2) to L5 or S1 with a minimum 2-year follow-up (2-19.8 year follow-up) were compared as influenced by T9-T10 (group 1, n = 37), T11-T12 (group 2, n = 49), and L1-L2 (group 3, n = 39) proximal fusion levels.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae / radiography. Lumbar Vertebrae / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Reoperation / statistics & numerical data. Retrospective Studies. Sacrum / radiography. Sacrum / surgery. Thoracic Vertebrae / radiography. Thoracic Vertebrae / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18007240.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Boido M, Rupa R, Garbossa D, Fontanella M, Ducati A, Vercelli A: Embryonic and adult stem cells promote raphespinal axon outgrowth and improve functional outcome following spinal hemisection in mice. Eur J Neurosci; 2009 Sep;30(5):833-46
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  • [Title] Embryonic and adult stem cells promote raphespinal axon outgrowth and improve functional outcome following spinal hemisection in mice.
  • Here we compare the effects of transplantation of embryonic neural precursors (NPs) or adult mesenchymal SCs, both of which are potential candidates for SC therapy.
  • The spinal cord was hemisected at the L2 neuromer in adult mice.

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  • (PMID = 19712091.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-9568
  • [Journal-full-title] The European journal of neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Neurosci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 333DO1RDJY / Serotonin
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24. López-Hernández MA, Alvarado-Ibarra M, Jiménez-Alvarado RM, De Diego-Flores JE, González-Avante CM: [Adolescents with de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia: efficacy and safety of a pediatric vs adult treatment protocol]. Gac Med Mex; 2008 Nov-Dec;144(6):485-9
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  • [Title] [Adolescents with de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia: efficacy and safety of a pediatric vs adult treatment protocol].
  • OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the efficacy and safety of two chemotherapy regimens, one designed for adults and the other for children, in adolescent patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Predominant in both groups was L2 morphology and B-cell CD10(+) immunophenotype.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Clinical Protocols. Female. Humans. Male. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19112720.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-3813
  • [Journal-full-title] Gaceta médica de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gac Med Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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25. Götherström G, Bengtsson BA, Bosaeus I, Johannsson G, Svensson J: Ten-year GH replacement increases bone mineral density in hypopituitary patients with adult onset GH deficiency. Eur J Endocrinol; 2007 Jan;156(1):55-64
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  • [Title] Ten-year GH replacement increases bone mineral density in hypopituitary patients with adult onset GH deficiency.
  • The GH replacement induced a sustained increase in total, lumbar (L2-L4) and femur neck BMD, and bone mineral content (BMC) as measured by DEXA.

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  • (PMID = 17218726.001).
  • [ISSN] 0804-4643
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Endocrinol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 12629-01-5 / Human Growth Hormone; 9002-72-6 / Growth Hormone
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26. Koharazawa H, Kanamori H, Sakai R, Hashimoto C, Takemura S, Hattori M, Taguchi J, Fujimaki K, Tomita N, Fujita H, Fujisawa S, Harano H, Ogawa K, Motomura S, Maruta A, Ishigatsubo Y: Long-term outcome of L86 and L97 protocols for adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2008 Nov;49(11):2133-40
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  • [Title] Long-term outcome of L86 and L97 protocols for adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We analysed the long-term outcome of the L86 protocol using L-asparaginase (L-asp), vincristine (VCR) and prednisolone (PSL), collectively known as LVP or L97 protocol using LVP along with pirarubicin hydrochloride (THP-ADR) for 97 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed between 1986 and 2002.
  • By univariate analysis, we identified seven adverse factors for DFS which included the L2 subtype by French-American-British classification, hepatosplenomegaly, a white blood cell count of more than 30 x 10(9)/L, a blast cell count of more than 10 x 10(9)/L in the peripheral blood, hemoglobin concentration greater than 10 g/dL, a serum lactate dehydrogenase value greater than twice the upper limit of normal and the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome (Ph).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Analysis of Variance. Asparaginase / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Longitudinal Studies. Male. Middle Aged. Philadelphia Chromosome. Prednisolone / administration & dosage. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Vincristine / administration & dosage. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19021056.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase
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27. Elmer S, Meyer M, Jancke L: Simultaneous interpreters as a model for neuronal adaptation in the domain of language processing. Brain Res; 2010 Mar 4;1317:147-56
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  • Eleven native German SI and controls matched in L2 proficiency and age of acquisition were asked to judge whether auditory presented disyllabic noun pairs both within and across the German (L1) and English (L2) languages were either semantically congruent or incongruent.
  • We revealed enlarged N400 responses in SI while they detected incongruent trials both within the native (L1) and non-native (L2) language and also while they performed the task in the opposite direction as specifically trained (L1 to L2).
  • These enlarged N400 responses in SI suggest a training-induced altered sensitivity to semantic processing within and across L1 and L2.
  • The enlarged N400 responses we revealed in SI to congruent noun pairs during the German-English condition (L1 to L2) may indicate that SI could not benefit from an L1 prime when the target was a L2 word, suggesting additional processing resulting from long-term backwards (L2 to L1) training.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Electroencephalography. Evoked Potentials. Female. Humans. Judgment / physiology. Language. Language Tests. Male. Middle Aged. Occupations. Semantics. Task Performance and Analysis

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  • [Copyright] 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20051239.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6240
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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28. Sundara M, Polka L: Discrimination of coronal stops by bilingual adults: the timing and nature of language interaction. Cognition; 2008 Jan;106(1):234-58
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • For this purpose, we compared discrimination of Canadian French and Canadian English coronal stops by simultaneous bilingual, monolingual and advanced early L2 learners of French and English.
  • The discrimination performance of advanced early L2 learners, but not simultaneous bilinguals, was consistent with one merged category for coronal stops in the two languages.
  • The data provide evidence for interaction in L2 learners as well as simultaneous bilinguals; however, the nature of the interaction is different in the two groups.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Attention. Humans. Mental Recall. Speech Acoustics

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  • (PMID = 17379203.001).
  • [ISSN] 0010-0277
  • [Journal-full-title] Cognition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cognition
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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29. Liu J, Ni B, Zhu L, Yang J, Cao X, Zhou W: Mitomycin C-polyethylene glycol controlled-release film inhibits collagen secretion and induces apoptosis of fibroblasts in the early wound of a postlaminectomy rat model. Spine J; 2010 May;10(5):441-7
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. MITOMYCIN C .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PATIENT SAMPLE: The sample comprises 64 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats.
  • METHODS: Lumbar laminectomies at L1 and L2 with a L1-L2 disc injury were performed on 64 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Spine J. 2010 May;10(5):454-5 [20421079.001]
  • (PMID = 20421076.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-1632
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Delayed-Action Preparations; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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30. De Braekeleer E, Basinko A, Douet-Guilbert N, Morel F, Le Bris MJ, Berthou C, Morice P, Férec C, De Braekeleer M: Cytogenetics in pre-B and B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a study of 208 patients diagnosed between 1981 and 2008. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2010 Jul 1;200(1):8-15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytogenetics in pre-B and B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a study of 208 patients diagnosed between 1981 and 2008.
  • The detection of chromosome abnormalities by conventional cytogenetics, now combined with analyses using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), is an important component in assessing the risk stratification of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Chromosome abnormalities were observed in 82.9% of L1/L2 ALL patients and in 83.3% of L3 patients with successful analysis at diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, B-Cell / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. Middle Aged. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Recurrence. Time Factors. Translocation, Genetic

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20513528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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31. Neely ST, Johnson TA, Gorga MP: Distortion-product otoacoustic emission measured with continuously varying stimulus level. J Acoust Soc Am; 2005 Mar;117(3 Pt 1):1248-59
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Continuous-level measurements were used to determine the optimal L1 for each L2 in individual subjects (N= 20) at f2 = 1, 2, 4, and 8 kHz by using a Lissajous path that covered a wide range of stimulus levels.
  • The optimal L1 (defined as the L1 that resulted in the largest DPOAE for each L2) varied across subjects and across frequency.
  • The optimal difference between L1 and L2 decreased with increasing L2 at all frequencies, and increased with frequency when L2 was low.

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  • (PMID = 15807014.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-4966
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acoust. Soc. Am.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / P30 DC004662; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01 DC002251; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / T32 DC000013; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / T32-DC00013; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / P30-DC04662; United States / NIDCD NIH HHS / DC / R01-DC02251
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS2046; NLM/ PMC1414785
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32. Liu H, Hu Z, Guo T, Peng D: Speaking words in two languages with one brain: neural overlap and dissociation. Brain Res; 2010 Feb 26;1316:75-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The present study investigated the neural overlap and dissociation underlying overt word production in the first language (L1) and second language (L2).
  • Twenty-four Chinese-English bilinguals named pictures in either L1 or L2 while being scanned with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).
  • When comparing picture naming in L2 to naming in L1, increased activity in the left inferior frontal gyrus, bilateral supplementary motor areas (SMA), left precentral gyrus, left lingual gyrus, left cuneus, bilateral putamen, bilateral globus pallidus, bilateral caudate and bilateral cerebellum were observed.
  • This suggested that word production in L2 is less automatic and needs to recruit more neural resources for lexical retrieval, articulatory processing and cognitive control than in L1.
  • In contrast, picture naming in L1 relative to picture naming in L2 revealed increased activity in the right putamen and right globus pallidus probably due to different phonological features between Chinese and English.
  • In addition, the conjunction analysis, for the first time, revealed the common neural correlates underlying picture naming in L1 and L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Brain Mapping. Female. Humans. Language Tests. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neural Pathways / physiology. Neuropsychological Tests. Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology. Photic Stimulation. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20026317.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6240
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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33. Lemhöfer K, Dijkstra T, Schriefers H, Baayen RH, Grainger J, Zwitserlood P: Native language influences on word recognition in a second language: a megastudy. J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn; 2008 Jan;34(1):12-31

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Many studies have reported that word recognition in a second language (L2) is affected by the native language (L1).
  • To investigate this issue, the authors administered a word identification task (progressive demasking) on 1,025 monosyllabic English (L2) words to native speakers of French, German, and Dutch.
  • Thus, although influences across languages exist, word recognition in L2 by proficient bilinguals is primarily determined by within-language factors, whereas cross-language effects appear to be limited.
  • An additional comparison of the bilingual data with a native control group showed that there are subtle but significant differences between L1 and L2 processing.

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  • [Copyright] PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 18194052.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-7393
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD043251-03; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD043251-03; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD043251-04; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD043251; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD043251-04; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD043251-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Kristof AS, You Z, Han YS, Giaid A: Protein expression of urotensin II, urotensin-related peptide and their receptor in the lungs of patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Peptides; 2010 Aug;31(8):1511-6
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Protein expression of urotensin II, urotensin-related peptide and their receptor in the lungs of patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
  • Urotensin II (UII) and urotensin-related peptide (URP) are vasoactive neuropeptides with wide ranges of action in the normal mammalian lung, including the control of smooth muscle cell proliferation.
  • UII and URP exert their actions by binding to the G-protein coupled receptor-14 known as UT.
  • Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a disease of progressive lung destruction resulting from the excessive growth of abnormal smooth muscle-like cells that exhibit markers of neural crest origin.
  • LAM cells also exhibit inactivation of the tumor suppressor tuberin (TSC2), excessive activity of 'mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), and dysregulated cell growth and proliferation.
  • In the present study we examined the expression and distribution of UII and UT in the lungs of patients with LAM.
  • There was abundant expression of UII, URP and UT proteins in the interstitial nodular lesions of patients with LAM.
  • By immunohistochemistry, UII, URP and UT were co-localized with HMB45, a diagnostic marker of LAM.
  • Immunoreactivity for UII, URP and UT was also evident over the pulmonary epithelium, pulmonary vasculature and inflammatory cells.
  • Western blotting revealed the presence of greater UT expression in the lungs of patients with LAM compared to normal human lungs.
  • UT expression correlated with mTOR activity, as indicated by increased phosphorylation of S6 in LAM samples.
  • These findings demonstrate for the first time the presence of UII, URP and their receptor in the lesions of patients with LAM, and suggest a possible role in the pathogenesis of the disease.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 20433884.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5169
  • [Journal-full-title] Peptides
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Peptides
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA125436-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA125436-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA125436-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA125436-01A1; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 2U42RR006042-19; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R0-CA125436; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA125436-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA125436-03; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / U42 RR006042; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA125436
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Melanoma-Specific Antigens; 0 / Peptide Hormones; 0 / Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled; 0 / Ribosomal Protein S6; 0 / UTS2D protein, human; 0 / UTS2R protein, human; 0 / Urotensins; 9047-55-6 / urotensin II; EC 2.7.1.1 / TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS206922; NLM/ PMC2905484
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35. El Hage R, Jacob C, Moussa E, Benhamou CL, Jaffré C: Total body, lumbar spine and hip bone mineral density in overweight adolescent girls: decreased or increased? J Bone Miner Metab; 2009;27(5):629-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Bone mineral area, bone mineral content, BMD at the whole body (WB), lumbar spine (L2-L4), femoral neck (FN), total hip (TH) and body composition (lean mass and fat mass) were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA).
  • Calculation of the bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) was completed for the WB and for L2-L4.
  • Expressed as crude values, DXA measurements of BMD at all bone sites (TB, L2-L4, TH and FN) were higher in overweight adolescent girls compared to controls.
  • Finally, BMAD of the L2-L4 remained higher in overweight girls compared to controls after adjusting for lean mass.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Anthropometry. Case-Control Studies. Child. Female. Humans. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19373519.001).
  • [ISSN] 1435-5604
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of bone and mineral metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Bone Miner. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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36. Mahar A, Kim C, Wedemeyer M, Mitsunaga L, Odell T, Johnson B, Garfin S: Short-segment fixation of lumbar burst fractures using pedicle fixation at the level of the fracture. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2007 Jun 15;32(14):1503-7
COS Scholar Universe. author profiles.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The inferior half of the L2 vertebral bodies and L2-L3 discs were resected to mimic an unstable L2 burst fracture with loss of anterior column support.
  • Construct stiffness and L1-L2 disc pressure were analyzed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomechanical Phenomena. Cadaver. Female. Humans. Male. Materials Testing. Stress, Mechanical. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2007 Nov 1;32(23):2638-9; author reply 2639 [17978667.001]
  • [CommentIn] Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2008 Jan 15;33(2):224-5; author reply 225-6 [18197111.001]
  • (PMID = 17572619.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Kosowicz J, El Ali Z, Ziemnicka K, Sowinski J: Abnormalities in bone mineral density distribution and bone scintigraphy in patients with childhood onset hypopituitarism. J Clin Densitom; 2007 Jul-Sep;10(3):332-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Bone Density.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of long-life severe growth hormone deficiency on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone scintigraphy in adult patients with childhood onset (CO) hypopituitarism never treated with growth hormone.
  • Our studies included 22 adult patients with CO hypopituitarism never treated with growth hormone (13 males and 9 females, aged 25-66 yr).
  • In 22 patients, the total body with regional distribution of BMD, the lumbar spine L2-L4, and radial (33% site) BMD were determined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA).
  • Local BMD measured at the radial (33% site) and lumbar spine L2-L4 revealed also a more pronounced bone mineral deficit in the cortical bone (33% distal radius) than in the trabecular bone (spine L2-L4).
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Femur Neck. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae. Male. Middle Aged. Radionuclide Imaging. Radiopharmaceuticals. Radius. Technetium Tc 99m Medronate. Whole Body Imaging

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  • (PMID = 17470407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1094-6950
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical densitometry : the official journal of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Densitom
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 12629-01-5 / Human Growth Hormone; X89XV46R07 / Technetium Tc 99m Medronate
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38. Hernandes FR, Barreto FC, Rocha LA, Draibe SA, Canziani ME, Carvalho AB: Evaluation of the role of severe hyperparathyroidism on coronary artery calcification in dialysis patients. Clin Nephrol; 2007 Feb;67(2):89-95
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: This study involved 23 adult dialysis patients (age >18 years) with severe SHPT who were candidates for parathyroidectomy (PTX).
  • We also found that OPG correlated negatively with bone mineral density at the L2-L4 lumbar vertebrae (r = -0.54; p = 0.007) and femoral neck (r = -0.43; p = 0.04).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Density. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Renal Dialysis. Risk Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17338428.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0430
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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39. Trivitayaratana W, Trivitayaratana P, Bunyaratave N: Quantitative morphometric analysis of vertebral fracture severity in healthy Thai (women and men). J Med Assoc Thai; 2005 Oct;88 Suppl 5:S1-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In Thai females, anterior and central wedging significantly changed at T11 after the 40-49 age group, while spine score markedly declined at L2-L3 after the 30-39 age group.
  • The prevalence of the 4 ratios below young adult mean 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5 and 3 SDs in males were greater than in females.
  • In the older age groups, the percentage of females and males who had a mean ratio below young adult mean was much more than that in the younger age groups.
  • In screening of spinal osteoporosis, the authors suggested that the age after 40 years of populations should be x-rayed and spinal radiograph should have an observed focus at T11, L2 and L3.
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Severity of Illness Index. Sex Distribution. Thailand / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16871654.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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40. Kinoshita Y, Tajiri T, Souzaki R, Tatsuta K, Higashi M, Izaki T, Takahashi Y, Taguchi T: Diagnostic value of lectin reactive alpha-fetoprotein for neoinfantile hepatic tumors and malignant germ cell tumors: preliminary study. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Jun;30(6):447-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The AFP has 3 isoforms (L1, L2, L3), and the usefulness of the L3 fraction as a diagnostic marker for the adult hepatocellular carcinoma is well known.
  • In our analytical system (LiBASys), the level of the L3 fraction contains the majority of the L2 fraction.

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  • (PMID = 18525461.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Lectins; 0 / Protein Isoforms; 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins
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41. Masharawi Y, Salame K, Mirovsky Y, Peleg S, Dar G, Steinberg N, Hershkovitz I: Vertebral body shape variation in the thoracic and lumbar spine: characterization of its asymmetry and wedging. Clin Anat; 2008 Jan;21(1):46-54
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  • The VB was anteriorly wedged from T1 through L2 (peak at T7), nonwedged at L3, and posteriorly wedged at L4-L5 (peak at L5).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. African Continental Ancestry Group / ethnology. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. European Continental Ancestry Group / ethnology. Female. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods. Male. Middle Aged. Scoliosis / diagnosis. Scoliosis / pathology. Sex Characteristics

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17729333.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2353
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Lowe TG, Lenke L, Betz R, Newton P, Clements D, Haher T, Crawford A, Letko L, Wilson LA: Distal junctional kyphosis of adolescent idiopathic thoracic curves following anterior or posterior instrumented fusion: incidence, risk factors, and prevention. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2006 Feb 1;31(3):299-302
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • When postoperative DJK developed in the posterior group, mean postoperative T10-L2 was +17 degrees kyphosis compared to +2 degrees in the posterior group without DJK (P < 0.001).
  • When postoperative DJK developed in the anterior group, mean postoperative T10-L2 was +12 degrees kyphosis compared to +2 degrees for the anterior group without DJK (P = 0.006).
  • The presence of increased kyphosis after surgery in the T10-L2 region seen in both anterior and posterior groups that had postoperative DJK develop constitutes a "risk factor" for the development of DJK.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Incidence. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 16449902.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Betker AL, Desai A, Nett C, Kapadia N, Szturm T: Game-based exercises for dynamic short-sitting balance rehabilitation of people with chronic spinal cord and traumatic brain injuries. Phys Ther; 2007 Oct;87(10):1389-98
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  • CASE DESCRIPTION: Three adults were treated: 1 young adult with spina bifida (T10 and L1-L2), 1 middle-aged adult with complete paraplegia (complete lesion at T11-L1), and 1 middle-aged adult with traumatic brain injury.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae. Male. Middle Aged. Thoracic Vertebrae

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  • (PMID = 17712036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-9023
  • [Journal-full-title] Physical therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phys Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Miyakoshi N, Hongo M, Kasukawa Y, Shimada Y: Huge thoracolumbar extradural arachnoid cyst excised by recapping T-saw laminoplasty. Spine J; 2010 Nov;10(11):e14-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • En bloc recapping T-saw laminoplasty of T12-L2 including the T12-L1 and L1-L2 facet joints was performed to obtain extensive exposure and preserve posterior stability.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20970735.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-1632
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Palmer SD, Havelka J: Age of acquisition effects in vocabulary learning. Acta Psychol (Amst); 2010 Nov;135(3):310-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Two experiments examined whether the age of acquisition (AoA) of a concept influences the speed at which native English speakers are able to name pictures using a newly acquired second language (L2) vocabulary.
  • In Experiment 1, participants were taught L2 words associated with pictures.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Analysis of Variance. Female. Humans. Male. Photic Stimulation. Psychomotor Performance. Reaction Time

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20817131.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6297
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta psychologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Psychol (Amst)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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46. Lemhöfer K, Schriefers H, Hanique I: Native language effects in learning second-language grammatical gender: a training study. Acta Psychol (Amst); 2010 Oct;135(2):150-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The results provide insights into the nature and stability of correct and incorrect gender representations in L2, and demonstrate the pervasiveness of transfer from the first to the second language even after intensive training.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Germany / ethnology. Humans. Male. Netherlands. Sex Factors

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20598270.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6297
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta psychologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Psychol (Amst)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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47. Palmer SD, van Hooff JC, Havelka J: Language representation and processing in fluent bilinguals: electrophysiological evidence for asymmetric mapping in bilingual memory. Neuropsychologia; 2010 Apr;48(5):1426-37
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Specifically, the N400 effect was larger during backward translation (L2-L1) than during forward translation (L1-L2) in both groups of bilinguals.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Evoked Potentials / physiology. Female. Humans. Male. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20138064.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-3514
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropsychologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropsychologia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. Rossi S, Gugler MF, Friederici AD, Hahne A: The impact of proficiency on syntactic second-language processing of German and Italian: evidence from event-related potentials. J Cogn Neurosci; 2006 Dec;18(12):2030-48
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The present study investigated the role of proficiency in late second-language (L2) processing using comparable stimuli in German and Italian.
  • Four experiments were conducted to study high- and low-proficiency L2 learners of German as well as high- and low-proficiency L2 learners of Italian.
  • High-proficiency L2 learners in both languages showed the same event-related potential (ERP) components as native speakers for all syntactic violations.
  • In high-proficiency L2 learners, the timing of the processing steps was equivalent to that of native speakers, although some amplitude differences were present.
  • Low-proficiency L2 learners, however, showed qualitative differences in the agreement violation characterized by the absence of the LAN and quantitative differences reflected in a delayed P600 in every violation condition.
  • These findings emphasize that with a high proficiency, late L2 learners can indeed show native-like neural responses with the timing approximating that of native speakers.
  • This challenges the idea that there are fundamental differences in language processing in the brain between natives and late L2 learners.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Algorithms. Electrooculography. Evoked Potentials / physiology. Female. Germany. Humans. Italy. Male. Psycholinguistics. Psychomotor Performance / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17129189.001).
  • [ISSN] 0898-929X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cognitive neuroscience
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cogn Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Qu M, Ding XN, Liu HB, Liu YQ: [Clinical observation on acupuncture combined with nerve block for treatment of lumbar disc herniation]. Zhongguo Zhen Jiu; 2010 Aug;30(8):633-6
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  • The acupuncture combined with nerve block group was treated with acupuncture combined with nerve block therapy, L2-L5 Jiaji (EX-B 2), Zhibian (BL 54), Huantiao (GB 30), Yanglingquan (GB 34) etc. were selected for acupuncture, affected nerve root, sciatic nerve or common peroneal nerve were selected for nerve block with anti-inflammation-analgesic injection; the acupuncture group was treated with acupuncture only; the nerve block group was treated with nerve block only.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Injections. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20942278.001).
  • [ISSN] 0255-2930
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo zhen jiu = Chinese acupuncture & moxibustion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Zhen Jiu
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Analgesics; 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents
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50. Tetreault MP, Yang Y, Travis J, Yu QC, Klein-Szanto A, Tobias JW, Katz JP: Esophageal squamous cell dysplasia and delayed differentiation with deletion of krüppel-like factor 4 in murine esophagus. Gastroenterology; 2010 Jul;139(1):171-81.e9
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  • The aim of this study was to analyze the function of Klf4 in keratinocyte biology and epithelial homeostasis in the adult by focusing on the squamous lined esophagus.
  • METHODS: By using the ED-L2 promoter of Epstein-Barr virus to drive Cre, we obtained tissue-specific ablation of Klf4 in the squamous epithelia of the tongue, esophagus, and forestomach.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 20347813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0012
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA098101; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016520; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P30 DK050306; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK069984; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK069984; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK069984-01A2
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / GKLF protein; 0 / Klf5 protein, mouse; 0 / Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors; 0 / beta Catenin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS349679; NLM/ PMC3265336
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51. Grossi JV, Nicola RF, Bigolin AV, Montes JH, Lima JN, Kraemer R, Cavazzola L: Description of the technique of upper gastrointestinal series radiological examination for the evaluation of the esophagus, stomach and duodenum of Wistar female rats. Acta Cir Bras; 2009 Nov-Dec;24(6):490-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Eight adult female Wistar rats were undergone to the contrast radiography as anteroposterior incidence and as posterior incidence in profile.
  • The upper esophageal sphincter (UES) was identified in the esophagus at the nerve C2, the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) was identified between spinal cord segments L1 and L2, the thoracic-abdominal junction was observed at T10, the esophageal-gastric junction (EGJ) at T13-L1, with the abdominal portion in the epigastric region.

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  • (PMID = 20011836.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-2674
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cirurgica brasileira
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cir Bras
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 25BB7EKE2E / Barium Sulfate
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52. Krishna Kumari A, Harichandrakumar KT, Das LK, Krishnamoorthy K: Physical and psychosocial burden due to lymphatic filariasis as perceived by patients and medical experts. Trop Med Int Health; 2005 Jun;10(6):567-73
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Adenolymphangitis had the highest severity levels in all domains of health followed by lymphoedema grade 4 (L4), lymphoedema grade 3 (L3), hydrocele grade 2 (H2), lymphoedema grade 2 (L2), lymphoedema grade1 (L1) and hydrocele grade 1 (H1).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Interpersonal Relations. Lymphangitis / physiopathology. Lymphangitis / psychology. Lymphedema / physiopathology. Lymphedema / psychology. Male. Middle Aged. Pain / physiopathology. Self Care. Severity of Illness Index. Testicular Hydrocele / physiopathology. Testicular Hydrocele / psychology. Walking

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  • (PMID = 15941420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1360-2276
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop. Med. Int. Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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53. Gatti C, Del Rossi C, Ferrari A, Casolari E, Casadio G, Scire G: Predictors of successful sexual partnering of adults with spina bifida. J Urol; 2009 Oct;182(4 Suppl):1911-6
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 290 patients with spina bifida were clustered into 6 groups based on lesion level, including men in group 1-less than L2, group 2-L3-L5 and group 3-less than S1, and women in group 4-greater than L2, group 5-L3-L5 and group 6-less than S1.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Prognosis. Urinary Incontinence / etiology. Urinary Incontinence / physiopathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19695634.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-3792
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Allen RT, Kum JB, Weidner N, Hulst JB, Garfin SR: Biopsy of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures during kyphoplasty: unsuspected histologic findings of chronic osteitis without clinical evidence of osteomyelitis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2009 Jun 15;34(14):1486-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Biopsy levels included: T6 (3), T7 (7), T8 (7), T9 (3), T10 (3), T11 (8), T12 (21), L1 (18), L2 (13), L3 (8), L4 (2), L5 (1).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biopsy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Osteitis / pathology. Osteomyelitis / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Spine / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19483668.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Howarth SJ, Beach TA, Callaghan JP: Abdominal muscles dominate contributions to vertebral joint stiffness during the push-up. J Appl Biomech; 2008 May;24(2):130-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Upper-body kinematics, three-dimensional hand forces and lumbar spine postures, and 14 channels (bilaterally from rectus abdominis, external oblique, internal oblique, latissimus dorsi, thoracic erector spinae, lumbar erector spinae, and multifidus) of trunk electromyographic (EMG) activity were collected from 11 males and used as inputs to a biomechanical model that determined the individual contributions of 10 muscle groups surrounding the lumbar spine to VJRS at five lumbar vertebral joints (L1-L2 to L5-S1).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Male. Rectus Abdominis / physiology

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  • (PMID = 18579905.001).
  • [ISSN] 1065-8483
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of applied biomechanics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Appl Biomech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Lisowska G, Namysłowski G, Orecka B, Misiołek M, Scierski W, Czecior E: [The influence of aging on otoacoustic emissions in normally hearing subjects]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(5):796-800
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  • Otoacoustic emissions were recorded in response to nonlinear clicks and two different primary tones (L1 = 65, L2 = 55 dB SPL; f2/f1 = 1.22) from 1 to 5 kHz.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18552022.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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57. Hu YS, Li YJ, Zhang XH, Zhang YQ, Ma K, Yu T: [A study on neurosurgical treatment for phantom limb pain]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Dec 15;45(24):1668-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Group B, the other 11 patients were treated with DREZ lesion on the same side in the C5-T1 or L2-S1 spinal cord segments.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gyrus Cinguli / surgery. Humans. Male. Mesencephalon / surgery. Middle Aged. Spinal Nerve Roots / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18476522.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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58. Wu X, Lu XH: [The phenotype and clinical patterns of Crohn's disease in the Chinese]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Aug;45(8):661-3
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  • The complications (structuring or perforation) were significantly different in subgroups with different lesion locations (L1 90.5%, L2 50.0%, L3 50.0%, L4 85.7%, P = 0.012), among which the terminal ileum involvement had the highest incidence of complications.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Antibodies, Fungal / analysis. Antibodies, Fungal / biosynthesis. China. Colon / pathology. Constriction, Pathologic. Humans. Ileum / pathology. Middle Aged. Phenotype. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17074153.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Fungal
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59. Ozturk C, Ersozlu S, Aydinli U: Importance of greenstick lamina fractures in low lumbar burst fractures. Int Orthop; 2006 Aug;30(4):295-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Lumbar burst fractures with greenstick lamina fractures occur mostly in the L2-L4 area.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • [Cites] J Neurosurg. 1980 Dec;53(6):765-71 [7441336.001]
  • [Cites] J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1981 Sep;63(7):1132-6 [7024283.001]
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  • [Cites] Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1984 Oct;(189):65-76 [6478705.001]
  • (PMID = 16501977.001).
  • [ISSN] 0341-2695
  • [Journal-full-title] International orthopaedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Orthop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2532130
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60. Ibáñez AJ, Macizo P, Bajo MT: Language access and language selection in professional translators. Acta Psychol (Amst); 2010 Oct;135(2):257-66
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Two experiments were conducted measuring self-paced reading to study language access and language selection in professional translators and bilinguals when they understood sentences randomly presented in their first language (L1, Spanish) and second language (L2, English).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Analysis of Variance. Attention. Humans. Phonetics. Reaction Time. Reading. Spain

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20705277.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6297
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta psychologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Psychol (Amst)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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61. Trotta A, Corrado A, Cantatore FP: [Anabolic therapy of induced osteoporosis in beta-thalassaemia major: case report and literature review]. Reumatismo; 2010 Apr-Jun;62(2):119-26
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Transfusion program and chelating therapy treatment has extended the life expectancy of thalassaemic patient; osteoporosis is considered an important cause of morbidity in adult patients who display increased fracture risk.
  • This is a case report is about a thalassaemic young female with multiple spine fractures (D11, D12 e L2) and lumbar spine DEXA - T score = -3,1 and femoral = -3,4.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Density. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Femoral Fractures / etiology. Femoral Fractures / prevention & control. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae. Risk Factors. Spinal Fractures / etiology. Spinal Fractures / prevention & control. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20657889.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7449
  • [Journal-full-title] Reumatismo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reumatismo
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anabolic Agents; 0 / Bone Density Conservation Agents; 0 / Parathyroid Hormone; 1C6V77QF41 / Cholecalciferol; X1J18R4W8P / Alendronate
  • [Number-of-references] 70
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62. Meredith DS, Huang RC, Nguyen J, Lyman S: Obesity increases the risk of recurrent herniated nucleus pulposus after lumbar microdiscectomy. Spine J; 2010 Jul;10(7):575-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PATIENT SAMPLE: We reviewed all cases of one- or two-level lumbar microdiscectomy from L2-S1 performed by a single surgeon with a minimum follow-up of 6 months.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cohort Studies. Comorbidity. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. New York City / epidemiology. Recurrence. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Spine J. 2010 Jul;10(7):622-4 [20620983.001]
  • (PMID = 20347400.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-1632
  • [Journal-full-title] The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Gomes JP, Nunes A, Florindo C, Ferreira MA, Santo I, Azevedo J, Borrego MJ: Lymphogranuloma venereum in Portugal: unusual events and new variants during 2007. Sex Transm Dis; 2009 Feb;36(2):88-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: Eight Chlamydia trachomatis specimens matched LGV-genotypes (7 "L2" and 1 mixed E+L2 undetermined variant).
  • All samples revealed ompA sequences different from the L2/434 reference strain and from the L2b/144276, which is the most frequently described genotype during the recent LGV outbreak.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Amino Acid Sequence. Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins / chemistry. Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins / genetics. Base Sequence. Female. Genotype. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Portugal / epidemiology. Sequence Analysis, DNA. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19125144.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-4521
  • [Journal-full-title] Sexually transmitted diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sex Transm Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins; 149024-69-1 / OMPA outer membrane proteins
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64. Arzi H, Levinkopf M, Caspi I, Arnold PM: External fixation of the spine: surgical salvage option for complex spinal infections. Surg Technol Int; 2010 Apr;19:223-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The second case is an 18-year-old soldier with a gunshot wound to the abdominal cavity with small bowel perforation and fracture of L1 and L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Spinal Fractures / complications. Spinal Neoplasms / complications. Thoracic Vertebrae / surgery. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20437368.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-3941
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical technology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Technol Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Savvopoulou V, Maris TG, Vlahos L, Moulopoulos LA: Differences in perfusion parameters between upper and lower lumbar vertebral segments with dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE MRI). Eur Radiol; 2008 Sep;18(9):1876-83
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  • Upper (L1, L2) and lower (L3, L4, L5) vertebrae showed significant differences in perfusion parameters (p<0.05).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Contrast Media. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18392830.001).
  • [ISSN] 0938-7994
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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66. Shin BS, Ko JS, Gwak MS, Yang M, Kim CS, Hahm TS, Lee SM, Cho HS, Kim ST, Kim JH, Kim GS: The effects of prehydration on the properties of cerebrospinal fluid and the spread of isobaric spinal anesthetic drug. Anesth Analg; 2008 Mar;106(3):1002-7, table of contents

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CSF motion variables were measured after infusion of 10 mL/kg of lactated Ringer's solution to examine the net flow and volume displacement of the CSF at the L2-3 disk level.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Blood Pressure / drug effects. Cerebrospinal Fluid / drug effects. Cerebrospinal Fluid / metabolism. Cerebrovascular Circulation / drug effects. Diffusion. Female. Heart Rate / drug effects. Humans. Infusions, Intravenous. Injections, Spinal. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Sensation / drug effects. Stroke Volume / drug effects. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 18292453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-7598
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesia and analgesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesth. Analg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 0 / Isotonic Solutions; 0 / Rehydration Solutions; 0619F35CGV / Tetracaine; 8022-63-7 / Ringer's lactate
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67. Takahara Y, Maeda M, Nakatani T, Kiyama H: Transient suppression of the vesicular acetylcholine transporter in urinary bladder pathways following spinal cord injury. Brain Res; 2007 Mar 16;1137(1):20-8
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  • In adult female Sprague-Dawley rats, SCI was induced by complete transection of the spinal cord at T9.
  • The number of VAChT-positive nerve terminals, which were surrounding neuronal soma, was transiently decreased in pelvic ganglion and spinal cord (L1, L2, L6 and S1).

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  • (PMID = 17229408.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-8993
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Intermediate Filament Proteins; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Peripherins; 0 / Vesicular Acetylcholine Transport Proteins
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68. Ammerman JM, Ammerman MD, Dambrosia J, Ammerman BJ: A prospective evaluation of the role for intraoperative x-ray in lumbar discectomy. Predictors of incorrect level exposure. Surg Neurol; 2006 Nov;66(5):470-3; discussion 473-4
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  • There were 51 patients who had pathology at the L5-S1 level; 44 patients, L4-L5; 3 patients, L3-L4; and 1 patient, L2-L3.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cohort Studies. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Intervertebral Disc / pathology. Intervertebral Disc / radiography. Intervertebral Disc / surgery. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Middle Aged. Myelography. Predictive Value of Tests. Preoperative Care. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17084188.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-3019
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Neurol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Mizuma N, Mizuma M, Yoshinaga M, Iwamoto I, Matsuo T, Douchi T, Osame M: Difference in the relative contribution of lean and fat mass components to bone mineral density with generation. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2006 Apr;32(2):184-9
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Seniors' Health.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Lumbar spine (L2-4), total body BMD, body fat mass, lean body mass (LBM), and the percentage of body fat (%fat) were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Menopause. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16594922.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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70. Singh V, Srinivastava A, Kapoor R, Kumar A: Can the complicated forgotten indwelling ureteric stents be lethal? Int Urol Nephrol; 2005;37(3):541-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The mean patient age was 32 +/- l2 years, male to female ratio 17:2 and the mean duration of stents in urinary system was 24.2 months (7 months to l0 years).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Calcinosis / etiology. Child, Preschool. Device Removal. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Lithotripsy. Male

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  • (PMID = 16307339.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1623
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
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71. Davis BR, Kopacz DJ: Spinal 2-chloroprocaine: the effect of added clonidine. Anesth Analg; 2005 Feb;100(2):559-65
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Peak block height was similar between 2-CP (T8 [range, T6 to L2]) and 2-CP with clonidine (T8 [range, T4 to T11]) (P = 0.57).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blood Pressure / drug effects. Cross-Over Studies. Double-Blind Method. Drug Interactions. Electric Stimulation. Female. Heart Rate / drug effects. Humans. Isometric Contraction / drug effects. Male. Middle Aged. Motor Neurons / drug effects. Muscle, Skeletal / drug effects. Neurons, Afferent / drug effects. Pain Measurement / drug effects

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  • [CommentIn] Anesth Analg. 2005 Feb;100(2):549-52 [15673892.001]
  • (PMID = 15673894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-2999
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesia and analgesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesth. Analg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adrenergic alpha-Agonists; 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 4Z8Y51M438 / Procaine; 5YVB0POT2H / chloroprocaine; MN3L5RMN02 / Clonidine
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72. Sztuka A, Pospiech L, Gawron W, Dudek K: DPOAE in estimation of the function of the cochlea in tinnitus patients with normal hearing. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2010 Feb;37(1):55-60
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  • First the amplitudes of two points per octave were assessed, second the "fine structure" method with 16-20 points per octave (f2/f1=1.22, L1=L2=70 dB), and the third procedure included recording the growth function in three series for input tones of f2=2002, 4004, and 6006Hz (f2/f1=1.22) and L1=L2 levels increasing by increments of 5 dB in each series.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Audiometry, Pure-Tone. Female. Hair Cells, Auditory, Outer / pathology. Humans. Hyperacusis / diagnosis. Hyperacusis / physiopathology. Male

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19560298.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1476
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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73. De Carvalho DE, Soave D, Ross K, Callaghan JP: Lumbar spine and pelvic posture between standing and sitting: a radiologic investigation including reliability and repeatability of the lumbar lordosis measure. J Manipulative Physiol Ther; 2010 Jan;33(1):48-55
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  • Intervertebral joint angles in sitting underwent substantial flexion (L1/L2-5 degrees [+/-3 degrees ], L2/L3-7 degrees [+/-3 degrees ], L3/L4-8 degrees [+/-3 degrees ], L4/L5-13 degrees [+/-3 degrees ], and L5/S1-4 degrees [+/-10 degrees ]).
  • Measures of lumbar lordosis; intervertebral disk angles between L2/L3, L3/L4, and L4/L5; lumbosacral lordosis; lumbosacral angle; and sacral tilt were significantly decreased between standing and sitting (P < .001).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Intervertebral Disc / radiography. Male. Observer Variation. Reproducibility of Results. Spine / radiography. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 National University of Health Sciences. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20114100.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Manipulative Physiol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] Canada / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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74. Horn JH, Pratt SR, Durrant JD: Parameters to maximize 2f2-f1 distortion product otoacoustic emission levels. J Speech Lang Hear Res; 2008 Dec;51(6):1620-9
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  • PURPOSE: Past research has established parameters for the 2f1-f2 distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) that enhance response levels (e.g., L1 - L2 = 10 dB; f2/f1 = 1.22; L1, L2 = 65, 55 dB SPL).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18664689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-4388
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Eubanks JD, Lee MJ, Cassinelli E, Ahn NU: Does lumbar facet arthrosis precede disc degeneration? A postmortem study. Clin Orthop Relat Res; 2007 Nov;464:184-9
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  • Specimens younger than 30 years of age had a higher prevalence of facet osteophytosis compared with vertebral rim osteophotosis at L1-L2 and L2-L3.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Distribution. Aged. Ankylosis / complications. Ankylosis / epidemiology. Ankylosis / pathology. Arthritis / complications. Arthritis / epidemiology. Arthritis / pathology. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Severity of Illness Index. Sex Distribution

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  • (PMID = 17767079.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-921X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical orthopaedics and related research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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76. Zeng Y, Xiong M, Yu H, He N, Wang Z, Liu Z, Han H, Chen S: [Clinical effect of methylprednisolone sodium succinate and mouse nerve growth factor for injection in treating acute spinal cord injury and cauda equina injury]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2010 Oct;24(10):1208-11
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  • [Title] [Clinical effect of methylprednisolone sodium succinate and mouse nerve growth factor for injection in treating acute spinal cord injury and cauda equina injury].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MP) and mouse nerve growth factor (mNGF) for injection in treating acute spinal cord injury (ASCI) and cauda equina injury.
  • Injured vertebral columns were C2 in 1 case, C4 in 5 cases, C5 in 7 cases, C6 in 3 cases, T8 in 1 case, T10 in 1 case, T11 in 2 cases, T12 in 3 cases, L1 in 9 cases, L2 in 5 cases, L3 in 3 cases, L4 in 1 case, and L5 in 2 cases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cauda Equina / injuries. Decompression, Surgical / methods. Female. Fracture Fixation, Internal / methods. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Spinal Fractures / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21049601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5GMR90S4KN / Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate; 9061-61-4 / Nerve Growth Factor
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77. Gagnon DR, McLean RR, Hannan MT, Cupples LA, Hogan M, Kiel DP: Cross-calibration and comparison of variability in 2 bone densitometers in a research setting: the framingham experience. J Clin Densitom; 2010 Apr-Jun;13(2):210-8
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  • We used linear mixed models to determine the cross-calibration equations for the femoral neck, trochanter, total hip, and lumbar spine (L2-L4) regions.

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  • [Copyright] The International Society for Clinical Densitometry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [Cites] J Bone Miner Res. 2000 Apr;15(4):710-20 [10780863.001]
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  • (PMID = 20347371.001).
  • [ISSN] 1094-6950
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical densitometry : the official journal of the International Society for Clinical Densitometry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Densitom
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR041398; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR041398-18; United States / NIA NIH HHS / AG / AR/AG41398
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS169298; NLM/ PMC2908922
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78. Wang D, Liu M, Song H, Wang M, Yang K, Zhang Y: [Expression of Bax and Caspase-3 and apoptosis in human lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration]. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Apr;22(4):421-5
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  • METHODS: From May to December in 2006, 30 human lumbar intervertebral discs in experimental group (L2 to S1) were surgically collected from 27 patients undergoing posterior lumbar intervertebral discoidectomy and fusion.
  • The control group consisted of 20 human lumbar intervertebral discs (L2 to S1) harvested from 5 young men without spine-related condition immediately after their accidental death.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cartilage / metabolism. Cartilage / pathology. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Nick-End Labeling. Male. Middle Aged. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18575441.001).
  • [ISSN] 1002-1892
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo xiu fu chong jian wai ke za zhi = Zhongguo xiufu chongjian waike zazhi = Chinese journal of reparative and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 3
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79. Michael JW, Fürderer S, Fluhr T, Eysel P: [Volume changes of intervertebral disc and vertebral body after dorsal fusion]. Z Orthop Unfall; 2007 Jul-Aug;145(4):483-7
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  • METHOD: In this context, fractures of the thoracolumbar transition and its operative repair via instrumented bisegmental dorsal fusion at T11 - L1 and T12 - L2, respectively, have been examined.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17912669.001).
  • [ISSN] 1864-6697
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Orthop Unfall
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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80. Lumachi F, Camozzi V, Ermani M, DE Lotto F, Luisetto G: Bone mineral density improvement after successful parathyroidectomy in pre- and postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism: a prospective study. Ann N Y Acad Sci; 2007 Nov;1117:357-61
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  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term (1 year) changes of the lumbar spine (L2-L4) bone mineral density (LS-BMD) after parathyroidectomy (PTx) in pre- and postmenopausal women with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Bone Diseases, Metabolic / diagnosis. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Osteoporosis / diagnosis. Osteoporosis / prevention & control. Postmenopause. Premenopause. Prospective Studies. Time Factors


81. Huitema GC, Cornips EM, Castelijns MH, van Ooij A, van Santbrink H, van Rhijn LW: The position of the aorta relative to the spine: is it mobile or not? Spine (Phila Pa 1976); 2007 May 20;32(12):1259-64
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  • RESULTS: In supine position, the aorta is positioned left lateral to the vertebral body at midthoracic levels (T4-T8) and more anterior to the vertebral body at lower thoracic levels (T9-L2).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Preoperative Care. Prone Position. Supine Position. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17515812.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-1159
  • [Journal-full-title] Spine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Spine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Altay M, Ozkurt B, Aktekin CN, Ozturk AM, Dogan O, Tabak AY: Treatment of unstable thoracolumbar junction burst fractures with short- or long-segment posterior fixation in magerl type a fractures. Eur Spine J; 2007 Aug;16(8):1145-55
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  • The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the outcomes of the SS- and long-segment posterior fixation (LSPF) in unstable thoracolumbar junction burst fractures (T12-L2) in Magerl Type A fractures.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Quality of Life. Retrospective Studies. Trauma Severity Indices. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17252216.001).
  • [ISSN] 0940-6719
  • [Journal-full-title] European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2200786
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83. Seo JT, Lee JS, Oh TH, Joo KJ: The clinical significance of bone mineral density and testosterone levels in Korean men with non-mosaic Klinefelter's syndrome. BJU Int; 2007 Jan;99(1):141-6
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  • The BMD was obtained at the lumbar spine (L2-4), femoral neck and Ward's triangle, by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adult. Case-Control Studies. Follicle Stimulating Hormone / blood. Humans. Luteinizing Hormone / blood. Male. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 17092285.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-4096
  • [Journal-full-title] BJU international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BJU Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 9002-67-9 / Luteinizing Hormone; 9002-68-0 / Follicle Stimulating Hormone
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84. Sobel V, Schwartz B, Zhu YS, Cordero JJ, Imperato-McGinley J: Bone mineral density in the complete androgen insensitivity and 5alpha-reductase-2 deficiency syndromes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab; 2006 Aug;91(8):3017-23
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  • RESULTS: Twelve CAI subjects had mean Z score at L2-L4 of -2.84 (+/-0.97, P < 0.001) and a mean weight-matched Z score of -2.52 (+/-0.94, P < 0.001).
  • Sixteen 5alphaRD-2 subjects had a mean Z score at L2-L4 of -0.84 (+/-1.29, P = 0.02) and a mean weight-matched Z score for 15 of 16 patients of -0.44 (+/-1.08, P = 0.14).
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Adolescent. Adult. Androgens / physiology. Castration. Dihydrotestosterone. Femur Neck. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Testosterone / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16735493.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-972X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR 00047; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD 09421
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgens; 08J2K08A3Y / Dihydrotestosterone; 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; EC 1.3.1.22 / Cholestenone 5 alpha-Reductase
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85. Kuk JL, Church TS, Blair SN, Ross R: Does measurement site for visceral and abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue alter associations with the metabolic syndrome? Diabetes Care; 2006 Mar;29(3):679-84
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  • The OR (per SD) for NCEP metabolic syndrome was higher for total VAT volume (OR = 7.26) and for the partial volumes at T12-L1 (7.46) and L1-L2 (8.77) than those at the L4-L5 level (3.94).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Lumbar Vertebrae / anatomy & histology. Male. Middle Aged. Spine / anatomy & histology. Thoracic Vertebrae / anatomy & histology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16505526.001).
  • [ISSN] 0149-5992
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetes care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetes Care
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL 62508; United States / PHS HHS / / SB 06945
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Zhang SX, Huang F, Gates M, White J, Holmberg EG: Tail nerve electrical stimulation induces body weight-supported stepping in rats with spinal cord injury. J Neurosci Methods; 2010 Mar 30;187(2):183-9
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  • A 25 mm contusion injury was produced at spinal cord T10 of female, adult Long-Evans rats by using the NYU impactor device.
  • However, there is no response to TANES from rats with L2 transection, consistent with other reports that the CPG may be located at L1-2.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20079372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-678X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuroscience methods
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurosci. Methods
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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92. Leonard MK, Brown TT, Travis KE, Gharapetian L, Hagler DJ Jr, Dale AM, Elman JL, Halgren E: Spatiotemporal dynamics of bilingual word processing. Neuroimage; 2010 Feb 15;49(4):3286-94
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  • We combined magnetoencephalography and magnetic resonance imaging to compare these stages between the first (L1) and second (L2) languages in bilingual adults.
  • Compared to L1, words in L2 activated right VOT more strongly from approximately 135 ms; this activation was attenuated when words became highly familiar with repetition.
  • At approximately 400 ms, L2 responses were generally later than L1, more bilateral, and included the same lateral occipitotemporal areas as were activated by pictures.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 20004256.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-9572
  • [Journal-full-title] NeuroImage
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuroimage
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / MH020002-09; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / K23 NS056091; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS018741-25; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD053136-08; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS056091-04; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / T32 MH20002; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD53136; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / T32 MH020002; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS018741; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD053136-08; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / K23 NS05609; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / K23 NS056091-04; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / T32 MH020002-09; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD053136; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / N01 NS18741
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS164566; NLM/ PMC2824560
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93. Ortiz-Mantilla S, Choudhury N, Alvarez B, Benasich AA: Involuntary switching of attention mediates differences in event-related responses to complex tones between early and late Spanish-English bilinguals. Brain Res; 2010 Nov 29;1362:78-92
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  • Two main factors have been identified as modulators of such differences: proficiency and age of acquisition of the second language (L2).
  • Significant associations were found between amplitude of the responses and both age of L2 acquisition and years of L2 experience.
  • Individuals who acquired English at later ages and had fewer years of L2 experience had larger MMN, P3a, and LN responses than those who learned it earlier.
  • These findings demonstrate that age of L2 acquisition is an important modulator of auditory responses in bilinguals even when processing non-speech signals.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acoustic Stimulation / methods. Adult. Age Factors. Aging / physiology. Electroencephalography / methods. Evoked Potentials / physiology. Female. Humans. Language Tests / standards. Male. Neuropsychological Tests / standards. Time Factors. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20849832.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-6240
  • [Journal-full-title] Brain research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Brain Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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94. Wehlin L, Löfdahl M, Lundahl J, Sköld M: Reduced intracellular oxygen radical production in whole blood leukocytes from COPD patients and asymptomatic smokers. Chest; 2005 Oct;128(4):2051-8
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  • "Acute" smoking did not significantly alter respiratory burst measurements.
  • Although expression and mobilization of adhesion molecules were similar between groups, the acute smoke effect on CD11b points out the value of information on smoking behavior when analyzing function of peripheral inflammatory cells in a smoking population.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Forced Expiratory Volume. Free Radicals. Humans. Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 / blood. Male. Middle Aged. N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 16236854.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3692
  • [Journal-full-title] Chest
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chest
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Free Radicals; 126547-89-5 / Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1; 17778-80-2 / Singlet Oxygen; 59880-97-6 / N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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95. Zheng YH, Zhang W, Li Y, Wang MY: [L-shaped reductors combined with pedicle screw internal fixation for the treatment of thoracolumbar bursting fracture]. Zhongguo Gu Shang; 2010 Apr;23(4):268-70
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  • The site of fractures: 3 patients in T11, 9 patients in T12, 15 patients in L1, 7 patients in L2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20486377.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-0034
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo gu shang = China journal of orthopaedics and traumatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Gu Shang
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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96. Vandewalle J, Van Esch H, Govaerts K, Verbeeck J, Zweier C, Madrigal I, Mila M, Pijkels E, Fernandez I, Kohlhase J, Spaich C, Rauch A, Fryns JP, Marynen P, Froyen G: Dosage-dependent severity of the phenotype in patients with mental retardation due to a recurrent copy-number gain at Xq28 mediated by an unusual recombination. Am J Hum Genet; 2009 Dec;85(6):809-22
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  • Tiling Xq28-region-specific oligo array revealed that all aberrations start at the beginning of the low copy repeat LCR-K1, at position 153.20 Mb, and end just distal to LCR-L2, at 153.54 Mb.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Brain / metabolism. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosome Mapping. Female. Humans. Male. Models, Genetic. Nucleic Acid Hybridization. Pedigree. Phenotype

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  • (PMID = 20004760.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-6605
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of human genetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hum. Genet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GEO/ GPL9083/ GSE17813
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2790561
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97. Ramieri A, Domenicucci M, Cellocco P, Raco A, Costanzo G: Effectiveness of posterior tension band fixation in the thoracolumbar seat-belt type injuries of the young population. Eur Spine J; 2009 Jun;18 Suppl 1:89-94
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  • A prospective series of 19 consecutive flexion-extension thoracolumbar injuries (T11-L2), occurred in young patients (20-33 years) due to motor vehicle crashes wearing the 3-point safety belts, includes 2 Chance and 17 seat-belt fractures, with different amount of vertebral dislocation and neurological impairment.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Bone Screws / statistics & numerical data. Cohort Studies. Decompression, Surgical / instrumentation. Decompression, Surgical / methods. Dislocations / etiology. Dislocations / pathology. Dislocations / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Physical Therapy Modalities / standards. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control. Postoperative Complications / therapy. Prospective Studies. Quality of Life. Spinal Cord Compression / etiology. Spinal Cord Compression / pathology. Spinal Cord Compression / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult. Zygapophyseal Joint / injuries. Zygapophyseal Joint / pathology. Zygapophyseal Joint / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19390871.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0932
  • [Journal-full-title] European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Spine J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
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  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2899616
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98. Arakawa M, Ohe Y: The relationship between the efficacy of epidural anesthesia and the concentration of lidocaine in cerebrospinal fluid. Med Sci Monit; 2009 Mar;15(3):CR95-100
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  • MATERIAL/METHODS: Twenty eight full-term parturients undergoing cesarean section under epidural anesthesia at L2-3 were divided into two groups: the first group (lidocaine group) received 17 mL of 2% lidocaine-epinephrine (1:200,000) and the second group (lidocaine-bicarbonate group) received the same concentration of lidocaine-epinephrine supplemented bicarbonate.
  • The pain threshold after the repeated electrical stimulation was used to assess sensory blockade at the L2, S1, and S3 dermatomes.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Pain Threshold / drug effects. Pregnancy. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19247246.001).
  • [ISSN] 1643-3750
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 98PI200987 / Lidocaine
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99. Kaptoge S, da Silva JA, Brixen K, Reid DM, Kröger H, Nielsen TL, Andersen M, Hagen C, Lorenc R, Boonen S, de Vernejoul MC, Stepan JJ, Adams J, Kaufman JM, Reeve J: Geographical variation in DXA bone mineral density in young European men and women. Results from the Network in Europe on Male Osteoporosis (NEMO) study. Bone; 2008 Aug;43(2):332-9
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  • RESULTS: In men, the overall mean(SD) BMD values expressed in Hologic-QDR1000 units of measurement, were: femoral neck 0.912(0.132); trochanter 0.793(0.124); and L2-L4 spine 1.027(0.123).
  • CONCLUSION: Our T-score normal values for the lumbar spine (L2-L4) should be more reliable for spine-specific risk assessment than some non-representative normal ranges, and should be evaluated for that purpose in Europe.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cohort Studies. Confidence Intervals. Europe / epidemiology. Female. Femur Neck / physiopathology. Health Surveys. Humans. Male. Phantoms, Imaging. Reference Values


100. Nakamura S, Okinaka K, Hirano I, Ono T, Sugimoto Y, Shigeno K, Fujisawa S, Shinjo K, Ohnishi K: KIS induces proliferation and the cell cycle progression through the phosphorylation of p27Kip1 in leukemia cells. Leuk Res; 2008 Sep;32(9):1358-65
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  • [Title] KIS induces proliferation and the cell cycle progression through the phosphorylation of p27Kip1 in leukemia cells.
  • We showed that KIS protein directly interacted with p27(Kip1) protein, and reduction of KIS inhibited the S10 phosphorylation of p27(Kip1) in leukemia cells.
  • We showed that KIS mRNA expression was increased in primary leukemia specimens (acute myelogenous leukemia (AML); 37, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS); 72, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); 23), and the mean ratios of KIS to G3PDH in AML, MDS and ALL specimens were 3.62+/-0.68, 3.27+/-0.73 and 3.17+/-0.58, respectively.
  • Moreover, we found that KIS protein was overexpressed in all 132 adults cases of various leukemias, including 37 AML (8 M1, 12 M2, 2 M3, 7 M4, 8 M5), 72 MDS (42 RAEB-I, 30 REAB-II) and 23 ALL (23 L2).
  • This study demonstrates that the elevated levels of KIS protein in leukemia cells promote the cell cycle progression in leukemia cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Cycle / physiology. Cell Proliferation. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / physiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Blotting, Western. Bone Marrow / metabolism. Bone Marrow / pathology. Cells, Cultured. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27. Humans. Immunoprecipitation. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / pathology. Middle Aged. Phosphorylation. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Myelodysplastic Syndromes.
  • NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .
  • NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .
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  • (PMID = 18384876.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDKN1B protein, human; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / UHMK1 protein, human
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