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1. Piepoli A, Cotugno R, Merla G, Gentile A, Augello B, Quitadamo M, Merla A, Panza A, Carella M, Maglietta R, D'Addabbo A, Ancona N, Fusilli S, Perri F, Andriulli A: Promoter methylation correlates with reduced NDRG2 expression in advanced colon tumour. BMC Med Genomics; 2009;2:11

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Promoter methylation correlates with reduced NDRG2 expression in advanced colon tumour.
  • BACKGROUND: Aberrant DNA methylation of CpG islands of cancer-related genes is among the earliest and most frequent alterations in cancerogenesis and might be of value for either diagnosing cancer or evaluating recurrent disease.
  • METHODS: The validation assay was performed in a different set of 8 patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) by means quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction analysis.
  • NDRG2 hypermethylation was also detected in 8 out of 30 (27%) primary CRC tissues and was significantly associated with advanced AJCC stage IV.
  • Normal colon tissues were not methylated.
  • CONCLUSION: The findings highlight the usefulness of combining gene expression patterns and epigenetic data to identify tumour biomarkers, and suggest that NDRG2 silencing might bear influence on tumour invasiveness, being associated with a more advanced stage.

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  • (PMID = 19257893.001).
  • [ISSN] 1755-8794
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC medical genomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Med Genomics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2660908
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2. Jung SH, Kim HC, Yu CS, Chang HM, Ryu MH, Lee JL, Kim JS, Kim JC: [Clinicopathologic characteristics of colorectal neuroendocrine tumor]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2006 Aug;48(2):97-103
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Clinicopathologic characteristics of colorectal neuroendocrine tumor].
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: Colorectal neuroendocrine carcinoma is a rare neoplasm exhibiting fulminant progression and having poor prognosis.
  • RESULTS: Ten patients (0.2%) with colorectal neuroendocrine tumors were identified from 4,512 patients with colorectal cancer; ten neuroendocrine carcinomas and three adenocarcinomas with neuroendocrine differentiation.
  • Nine tumors were located in the rectum, two in the sigmoid, and each one in the transverse colon and cecum, respectively.
  • All patients were advanced at the time of diagnosis, with AJCC TNM staging: stage IIIB (n=2), stage IIIC (n=3), and stage IV (n=8).
  • Five patients who received chemotherapy showed median survival of 32 months (stage III) and 17.5 months (stage IV), whereas other five patients without chemotherapy died with a median survival of 6.2 months.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / immunology. Biopsy. Chromogranin A / analysis. Chromogranin A / immunology. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Retrospective Studies. Sigmoid Neoplasms / drug therapy. Sigmoid Neoplasms / mortality. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology. Synaptophysin / analysis. Synaptophysin / immunology

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  • (PMID = 16929153.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Chromogranin A; 0 / Synaptophysin
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3. Mehta PP, Griffin J, Ganta S, Rangraj M, Steichen F: Laparoscopic-assisted colon resections: long-term results and survival. JSLS; 2005 Apr-Jun;9(2):184-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic-assisted colon resections: long-term results and survival.
  • Anecdotal reports in the literature describe port-site and incisional tumor implantation in patients undergoing laparoscopic-assisted colectomies for colorectal malignancies.
  • This raises concerns about whether these incisional tumor sites are more common in these patients and whether their survival is compromised by the laparoscopic technique.
  • METHODS: The authors reviewed data from 110 patients who underwent laparoscopic-assisted colectomies for colorectal cancer to determine the long-term results and survival and to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic-assisted colectomy to the safety and efficacy of open colectomy.
  • The American Joint Committee on Cancer staging for colorectal carcinomas and the Kaplan-Meier method were used to determine the survival curves.
  • RESULTS: Laparoscopic-assisted colon resections for colorectal malignancies were performed in 110 patients.
  • The ten-year survival rates for the various stages were 78% for stage I, 33% for stage II, 30% for stage III, and 0% for stage IV.
  • CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic-assisted colon resection of colorectal carcinomas is technically feasible and safe.

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  • (PMID = 15984707.001).
  • [ISSN] 1086-8089
  • [Journal-full-title] JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JSLS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3015573
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4. Miao Y, Everly JJ, Gross TG, Tevar AD, First MR, Alloway RR, Woodle ES: De novo cancers arising in organ transplant recipients are associated with adverse outcomes compared with the general population. Transplantation; 2009 May 15;87(9):1347-59
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] De novo cancers arising in organ transplant recipients are associated with adverse outcomes compared with the general population.
  • BACKGROUND: Transplant recipients are at increased risk of malignancy; however, the influence of transplantation on cancer outcomes has not been rigorously defined.
  • METHODS: De novo nonsmall cell lung cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, renal cell cancer (RCC), and malignant melanoma data in 635 adult (>18 years of age) transplant recipients (from the Israel Penn International Transplant Tumor Registry) were compared with data from 1,282,984 adults in the general population (from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database).
  • RESULTS: Compared with the general population, transplant patients were more likely to have early stage (AJCC stage 0-II) RCC, but more advanced (AJCC stage >II) colon cancer, breast cancer, bladder cancer, and malignant melanoma.
  • Compared with the general population, disease-specific survival was worse in the transplant population for colon cancer (all stages), nonsmall cell lung cancer (stage II), breast cancer (stage III), prostate cancer (stage II, III, and IV), bladder cancer (stage III), and RCC (stage IV).
  • Multivariate analyses demonstrated transplantation to be a negative risk factor for survival for each cancer studied, and transplantation and cancer stage at diagnosis to be the most profound negative survival predictors.
  • The data also suggest that cancers in transplant recipients are more aggressive biologically at the time of diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Breast Neoplasms / epidemiology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / epidemiology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Female. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / epidemiology. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Patient Selection. Registries. Survival Analysis. Survivors. Testicular Neoplasms / epidemiology. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19424035.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-6080
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplantation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Bilimoria KY, Bentrem DJ, Rock CE, Stewart AK, Ko CY, Halverson A: Outcomes and prognostic factors for squamous-cell carcinoma of the anal canal: analysis of patients from the National Cancer Data Base. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Apr;52(4):624-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Outcomes and prognostic factors for squamous-cell carcinoma of the anal canal: analysis of patients from the National Cancer Data Base.
  • METHODS: Patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the anal canal were identified from the National Cancer Data Base (1985-2000).
  • Concordance was calculated to assess agreement between American Joint Committee on Cancer stage and actual outcome.
  • RESULTS: Nineteen thousand one hundred ninety-nine patients with anal carcinoma were identified (Stage I, 25.3 percent; Stage II, 51.8 percent; Stage III, 17.1 percent; Stage IV, 5.7 percent).
  • The American Joint Committee on Cancer (6th edition) staging system provided good survival discrimination by stage: I, 69.5 percent; II, 59.0 percent; III, 40.6 percent; and IV, 18.7 percent (concordance index, 0.663).
  • On multivariable analysis, patients with anal carcinoma had a higher risk of death if they were male, >or=65 years old, black, living in lower median incomes areas, and had more advanced T stage tumors, nodal or distant metastases, or poorly differentiated cancers (P < 0.0001).
  • There was not a significant difference in survival by hospital type or year of diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Although tumor characteristics and staging affect prognosis, patient factors, such as gender, race, and socioeconomic status, are also important prognostic factors for squamous-cell carcinoma of the anal canal.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Neoplasm Metastasis. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 19404066.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Kim JS, Hur H, Min BS, Sohn SK, Cho CH, Kim NK: Oncologic outcomes of self-expanding metallic stent insertion as a bridge to surgery in the management of left-sided colon cancer obstruction: comparison with nonobstructing elective surgery. World J Surg; 2009 Jun;33(6):1281-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oncologic outcomes of self-expanding metallic stent insertion as a bridge to surgery in the management of left-sided colon cancer obstruction: comparison with nonobstructing elective surgery.
  • BACKGROUND: Self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) have been used as a bridge to surgery in patients with obstruction by colorectal cancer, but the oncologic safety of this technique has not yet been established.
  • METHODS: Between October 1999 and July 2007, 35 patients who had left-sided colon malignancy obstruction and underwent surgical resection after SEMS insertion (group A) were matched to 350 patients who underwent elective surgery for nonobstructing left-sided colon cancer based on stage II, III, and IV malignancies according to the 2001 American Joint Committee on Cancer (group B).
  • CONCLUSIONS: These data show that insertion of SEMS as a bridge to surgery in the management of left-sided colon cancer obstruction is possibly associated with adverse oncologic outcomes compared with nonobstructing elective surgery, but it is unclear what magnitude of this effect is related to the underlying obstruction rather than to the SEMS.

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  • (PMID = 19363580.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2323
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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