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1. Piriou E, van Dort K, Nanlohy NM, van Oers MH, Miedema F, van Baarle D: Loss of EBNA1-specific memory CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in HIV-infected patients progressing to AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Blood; 2005 Nov 1;106(9):3166-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Loss of EBNA1-specific memory CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in HIV-infected patients progressing to AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • We previously observed a loss of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-specific CD8+ T cells in subjects progressing to EBV-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), correlating with loss of CD4+ T cells.
  • The aim of the present study was to determine the role of EBV-specific CD4+ T cells in the development of NHL during chronic HIV infection.
  • To this end, CD4+ and CD8+ memory T cells, capable of both proliferation and subsequent interferon gamma (IFNgamma) production, directed against a latent (Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen 1 [EBNA1]) and a lytic (BamH fragment Z left frame 1 [BZLF1]) EBV antigen were studied longitudinally in 9 progressors to NHL, 4 progressors to non-EBV-related AIDS, and 4 slow progressors to AIDS.
  • However, whereas latent antigen EBNA1-specific CD4+ T cells were lost well before diagnosis in all subjects who developed an AIDS-related NHL (and EBNA1-specific CD8+ T cells were significantly lower compared with the other groups), these cells were better preserved in progressors to non-EBV-related disease and slow progressors.
  • Loss of EBNA1-specific T-cell immunity thus might be important for progression to NHL.
  • Interestingly, BZLF1-specific T cells were not lost in all progressors to NHL, suggesting a different function of these cells in the surveillance of EBV-infected B cells.
  • [MeSH-major] CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens / immunology. Immunologic Memory / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology

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  • (PMID = 16014568.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / EBV-encoded nuclear antigen 1; 0 / Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens
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2. Aissani B, Ogwaro KM, Shrestha S, Tang J, Breen EC, Wong HL, Jacobson LP, Rabkin CS, Ambinder RF, Martinez-Maza O, Kaslow RA: The major histocompatibility complex conserved extended haplotype 8.1 in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2009 Oct 1;52(2):170-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The major histocompatibility complex conserved extended haplotype 8.1 in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in adjacent genes, lymphotoxin alpha (LTA +252G, rs909253 A>G) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF -308A, rs1800629 G>A), form the G-A haplotype repeatedly associated with increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in individuals uninfected with HIV-1.
  • OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether the reported association of the G-A haplotype of LTA-TNF with non-AIDS NHL also occurs with AIDS-related NHL.
  • METHODS: SNPs in LTA and TNF and in 6 other genes nearby were typed in 140 non-Hispanic European American pairs of AIDS-NHL cases and matched controls selected from HIV-infected men in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study.
  • RESULTS: The G-A haplotype and a 4-SNP haplotype in the neighboring gene cluster (rs537160 (A) rs1270942 (G), rs2072633 (A), and rs6467 (C)) were associated with AIDS-NHL (odds ratio = 2.7, 95% confidence interval: 1.5 to 4.8, P = 0.0009; and odds ratio = 3.2, 95% confidence interval: 1.6 to 6.6, P = 0.0008; respectively).
  • CONCLUSION: The CEH 8.1-specific haplotype association of MHC class III variants with AIDS-NHL closely resembles that observed for non-AIDS NHL.
  • Corroboration of an MHC determinant of AIDS and non-AIDS NHL alike would imply an important pathogenetic mechanism common to both.

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  • (PMID = 19654554.001).
  • [ISSN] 1944-7884
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035042; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA073475-03; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI037984; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 5-M01-RR-00722; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35042; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA073475; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-37984; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA106168-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA106168-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50-CA96888; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA106168; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA073475-03; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI037613; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35041; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI045008; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35040,; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR000722; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035041; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI045008-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UM1 AI035043; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA106168; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI045008-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035043; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35039; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035040; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA096888-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035039; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI 045008; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35043; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-37613; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA73475
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA Antigens; 0 / Lymphotoxin-alpha; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS250460; NLM/ PMC3015185
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3. Wong HL, Breen EC, Pfeiffer RM, Aissani B, Martinson JJ, Margolick JB, Kaslow RA, Jacobson LP, Ambinder RF, Chanock S, Martínez-Maza O, Rabkin CS: Cytokine signaling pathway polymorphisms and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk in the multicenter AIDS cohort study. AIDS; 2010 Apr 24;24(7):1025-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytokine signaling pathway polymorphisms and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma risk in the multicenter AIDS cohort study.
  • BACKGROUND: Cytokine stimulation of B-cell proliferation may be an important causative mechanism for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
  • The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) may be a co-factor, particularly for primary central nervous system (CNS) tumors, which are uniformly EBV-positive in the setting of AIDS.
  • Thus, we examined associations of genetic variation in IL10 and related cytokine-signaling molecules (IL10RA, CXCL12, IL13, IL4, IL4R, CCL5 and BCL6) with AIDS-related NHL risk and evaluated differences between primary CNS and systemic tumors.
  • PATIENTS AND MATERIALS: We compared 160 Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS) participants with incident lymphomas, of which 90 followed another AIDS diagnosis, to HIV-1-seropositive controls matched on duration of lymphoma-free survival post-HIV-1 infection (N = 160) or post-AIDS diagnosis (N = 90).
  • RESULTS: Carriage of at least one copy of the T allele for the IL10 rs1800871 (as compared to no copies) was associated with decreased AIDS-NHL risk specific to lymphomas arising from the CNS (CC vs. CT/TT: OR = 0.3; 95% CI 0.1, 0.7) but not systemically (CC vs. CT/TT: OR = 1.0; 95% CI 0.5, 1.9) (Pheterogeneity = 0.03).
  • Carriage of two copies of the 'low IL10' haplotype rs1800896_A/rs1800871_T/rs1800872_A was associated with decreased lymphoma risk that varied by number of copies (Ptrend = 0.02).
  • CONCLUSION: Excessive IL10 response to HIV-1 infection may be associated with increased risk of NHL, particularly in the CNS.
  • IL10 dysregulation may be an important causative pathway for EBV-related lymphomagenesis.

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  • (PMID = 20299965.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5571
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035042; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI037984; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 5-M01-RR-00722; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35042; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA073475; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-37984; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35040; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI037613; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35041; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR000722; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035041; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50-CA-096888; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA57152; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UM1 AI035043; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA057152; United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z99 CA999999; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035043; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35039; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035040; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035039; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35043; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-37613; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA73475
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines; 130068-27-8 / Interleukin-10
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS192123; NLM/ PMC3950937
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4. Bonnet F, Jouvencel AC, Parrens M, Leon MJ, Cotto E, Garrigue I, Morlat P, Beylot J, Fleury H, Lafon ME: A longitudinal and prospective study of Epstein-Barr virus load in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma. J Clin Virol; 2006 Aug;36(4):258-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A longitudinal and prospective study of Epstein-Barr virus load in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) may be causally associated with non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) in HIV-infected patients.
  • OBJECTIVES: To compare EBV load in whole blood in AIDS-NHL patients, HIV non-AIDS patients and non-HIV-infected persons, and to prospectively measure EBV load in whole blood in AIDS-NHL patients.
  • RESULTS: We observed no statistical difference in EBV load between AIDS-NHL (3.69log(10) copies/mL [interquartile range (IQR): 2.89-4.27]) and HIV non-AIDS patients (3.08log(10) copies/mL [IQR: 1.29-3.57]) but AIDS-NHL patients had significantly higher EBV loads than HIV-negative controls (1.19log(10) copies/mL [IQR: 0.00-3.29]).
  • We noticed an inverse correlation between CD4+ lymphocytes count and EBV load in patients with AIDS-NHL (r(2)=0.41, P=0.01).
  • In the longitudinal study, the mean EBV load three months after NHL diagnosis decreased significantly (mean difference=-1.69log(10) copies/mL [95% confidence interval: -0.32; -3.04]; P=0.03) under chemotherapy but was still elevated in patients with relapses or no response to chemotherapy.
  • CONCLUSION: Although EBV load seems a suboptimal marker for the diagnosis of AIDS-NHL, we observed a significant decrease of EBV load in patients treated with chemotherapy and a strong association between NHL outcome and EBV load in whole blood.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / virology. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / virology. Herpesvirus 4, Human / immunology. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology

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  • (PMID = 16762591.001).
  • [ISSN] 1386-6532
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / RNA, Viral
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5. Bonnet F, Balestre E, Thiébaut R, Morlat P, Pellegrin JL, Neau D, Dabis F, Groupe d'Epidemiologie Clinique du SIDA en Aquitaine: Factors associated with the occurrence of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: Aquitaine Cohort, France. Clin Infect Dis; 2006 Feb 1;42(3):411-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Factors associated with the occurrence of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: Aquitaine Cohort, France.
  • BACKGROUND: High grade non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) remains the most common Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)-associated neoplasia and an important cause of mortality in people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in industrialized countries in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • Case patients had newly diagnosed NHL, and control subjects were matched for CD4(+) cell count, calendar period, sex, and length of follow-up.
  • RESULTS: Variables associated with a decreased risk of NHL were the use of HAART during follow-up for at least 6 months (odds ratio [OR], 0.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.21-0.98), receipt of a diagnosis of AIDS before the censoring date (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.18-0.76), and undetectable level of HIV RNA during follow-up (OR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.15-0.77).
  • The use of antiherpetic drug for at least 6 months was associated with a nonsignificant decreased risk of NHL (OR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.11-1.44; P=.16).
  • In multivariate analysis, variables significantly associated with a decreased risk of NHL were the use of HAART for at least 6 months during follow-up (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.16-0.87) and receipt of an AIDS-related diagnosis before the censoring date (OR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.21-0.93).
  • Age, transmission group, hepatitis B and C coinfections, CD4(+) and CD8(+) cell count nadir, and previous history of herpes virus infection were not associated with an increased risk for NHL.
  • CONCLUSION: The use of HAART for at least 6 months was associated with a decreased risk of NHL, whereas uncontrolled HIV RNA load may be associated with an increased risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / drug therapy. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / etiology


6. Bower M, Stebbing J, Tuthill M, Campbell V, Krell J, Holmes P, Ozzard A, Nelson M, Gazzard B, Powles T: Immunologic recovery in survivors following chemotherapy for AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Blood; 2008 Apr 15;111(8):3986-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunologic recovery in survivors following chemotherapy for AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • The late effects of chemotherapy on immunologic parameters in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) have not been described.
  • Chemotherapy and concomitant HAART for AIDS-related NHL does not cause prolonged suppression of lymphocyte subsets.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology


7. Huysentruyt LC, McGrath MS: The role of macrophages in the development and progression of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma. J Leukoc Biol; 2010 Apr;87(4):627-32
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The role of macrophages in the development and progression of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Despite HAART, patients infected with HIV develop NHL at a significantly higher level than the noninfected population.
  • The primary difference between lymphoma in non-HIV-infected individuals and those with ARL is that ARL is consistently high-grade and metastatic.


8. Mounier N, Spina M, Gabarre J, Raphael M, Rizzardini G, Golfier JB, Vaccher E, Carbone A, Coiffier B, Chichino G, Bosly A, Tirelli U, Gisselbrecht C: AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma: final analysis of 485 patients treated with risk-adapted intensive chemotherapy. Blood; 2006 May 15;107(10):3832-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma: final analysis of 485 patients treated with risk-adapted intensive chemotherapy.
  • We aimed to compare AIDS risk-adapted intensive chemotherapy in AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) patients before and after the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • A total of 485 patients aged from 18 to 67 years were randomly assigned to chemotherapy after stratification according to an HIV score based on performance status, prior AIDS, and CD4(+) cell counts below 0.10 x 10(9)/L (100/mm(3)).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • [CommentIn] Blood. 2006 Nov 15;108(10):3621; author reply 3621-2 [17085718.001]
  • (PMID = 16410446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase III; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; VAP-cyclo protocol
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9. Zoufaly A, Stellbrink HJ, Heiden MA, Kollan C, Hoffmann C, van Lunzen J, Hamouda O, ClinSurv Study Group: Cumulative HIV viremia during highly active antiretroviral therapy is a strong predictor of AIDS-related lymphoma. J Infect Dis; 2009 Jul 1;200(1):79-87
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cumulative HIV viremia during highly active antiretroviral therapy is a strong predictor of AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: AIDS-related lymphoma contributes to significant morbidity and mortality among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • We assessed the predictive role of cumulative HIV viremia and other risk factors in the development of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • RESULTS: In the Cox model, which comprised 6022 patients and 27,812 patient-years of follow-up while patients were receiving HAART from 1999 through 2006, cumulative HIV viremia was found to be independently associated with the risk of lymphoma (hazard ratio, [HR], 1.67 [95% confidence interval {CI}, 1.27-2.20]) (P < .001]).
  • This association differed markedly between lymphoma subtypes.
  • Although the association was more pronounced for Burkitt-type lymphoma (HR, 3.45 [95% CI, 1.52-7.85]) (P = .003), there was no association between cumulative HIV viremia and the incidence of primary central nervous system lymphoma (HR, 1.00 [95% CI, 0.39-2.57]) (P = .997).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Cumulative HIV viremia is an independent and strong predictor of AIDS-related lymphoma among patients receiving HAART.
  • The influence of cumulative HIV viremia may differ between lymphoma subtypes.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Viremia / complications

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  • [CommentIn] J Infect Dis. 2009 Jul 1;200(1):8-10 [19476436.001]
  • (PMID = 19476437.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1899
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Investigator] Kuehne A; Arastéh K; Kowol S; Bergmann F; Warnke M; Brockmeyer N; Mühlbächer N; Rockstroh J; Wasmuth J; Oette M; Blondin C; Esser S; Schenk-Westkamp P; Plettenberg A; Lorenzen T; Walther I; Adam A; Weitner L; Schewe K; Goey H; Fenske S; Buhk T; Gellerman H; Wassmuss K; Stoll M; Gerschmann S; Horst H; Fätkenheuer G; Kümmerle T; Gillor D; Bogner J; Sonntag B; Salzberger B; Fritzsche C
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10. Miralles P, Berenguer J, Ribera JM, Rubio R, Mahillo B, Téllez MJ, Lacruz J, Valencia E, Santos J, Rodríguez-Arrondo F, Pintado V, Grupo de Estudio del SIDA Register of Systemic AIDS-Related Lymphomas: Prognosis of AIDS-related systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with chemotherapy and highly active antiretroviral therapy depends exclusively on tumor-related factors. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2007 Feb 1;44(2):167-73
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  • [Title] Prognosis of AIDS-related systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with chemotherapy and highly active antiretroviral therapy depends exclusively on tumor-related factors.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess complete remission (CR) and survival in patients with systemic AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (ARL) receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • Histologic subtypes were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLCL; n = 153 [72.9%]), Burkitt and atypical Burkitt/Burkitt-like lymphoma (BL; n = 40 [19.0%]), T-cell lymphoma (TC; n = 8 [3.8%]), and miscellaneous (n = 9 [4.3%]).
  • CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ARL treated with HAART, CR was associated exclusively with tumor-related factors.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Burkitt Lymphoma / pathology. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Longitudinal Studies. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / pathology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Statistics as Topic. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 17117144.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-4135
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
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11. Reategui RD, Beltran B, Morales D, Vera L, Quinones P, Portugal K, Desposorio C, Capellino A, Castillo J: AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL): Efficacy of highly active anti retroviral therapy (HAART) on survival and prognostic factors in a general hospital in Peru. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e19545

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL): Efficacy of highly active anti retroviral therapy (HAART) on survival and prognostic factors in a general hospital in Peru.
  • RESULTS: Forty-eight patients with HIV-associated lymphoma were identified.
  • From the 48 ARL identified 44 were non Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and 4 were Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • From 42 systemic NHL: 38 (90,5%) were of B-cell and 4 (9,5%) were of T-cell.
  • HAART treatment before the diagnosis of NHL increases the survival (54% versus 9,5% versus 25% respectively, p=0.048).

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  • (PMID = 27960996.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Engels EA, Pfeiffer RM, Landgren O, Moore RD: Immunologic and virologic predictors of AIDS-related non-hodgkin lymphoma in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2010 May 1;54(1):78-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunologic and virologic predictors of AIDS-related non-hodgkin lymphoma in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era.
  • HIV-infected persons treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) continue to have elevated risk for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
  • We conducted a retrospective cohort study of NHL among patients at an urban HIV clinic (N = 3025).
  • Proportional hazards models identified immunologic and virologic predictors of NHL.
  • NHL incidence declined over time.
  • NHL risk increased with declining CD4 count (P trend < 0.0001) and increasing HIV viral load (P trend = 0.005).
  • In a multivariable model, NHL risk was independently associated with both current CD4 count (hazard ratios 7.7 and 3.8, respectively, for CD4 counts 0-99 and 100-249 vs. 250+ cells/mm(3); P trend < 0.0001) and prior time spent with a viral load above 5.00 log(10) copies/mL (hazard ratios of 3.4, 2.6, and 6.8, respectively, for 0.1-0.4, 0.5-1.4, and 1.5+ yr vs. 0 yr; P trend = 0.004).
  • Although serum globulin levels were elevated compared with the general population, NHL risk was unrelated to this B-cell activation marker (P = 0.39).
  • The association with high-level viremia could reflect detrimental effects on immune function related to incompletely effective HAART or direct effects on B cells.

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  • (PMID = 20418723.001).
  • [ISSN] 1944-7884
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / R01 AA016893; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA011602; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / K24 DA000432; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / K24 DA000432-10; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / DA011602-13; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI069918-05; United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CP010150-08; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA11602; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI069918; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / R01 AA016893-01A2; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / K24 DA00432; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA011602-13; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / R01 AA16893; United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CP010150-09; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI069918-05
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS152223; NLM/ PMC3078556
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13. Purdue MP, Lan Q, Martinez-Maza O, Oken MM, Hocking W, Huang WY, Baris D, Conde B, Rothman N: A prospective study of serum soluble CD30 concentration and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Blood; 2009 Sep 24;114(13):2730-2
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  • [Title] A prospective study of serum soluble CD30 concentration and risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Prediagnostic serum concentration of soluble CD30 (sCD30), a marker for chronic B-cell stimulation, has been associated with increased risk of developing AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in a recent study of HIV(+) patients.
  • To investigate among healthy persons whether serum sCD30 is associated with NHL risk, we carried out a nested case-control study within the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial.
  • There was a strong dose-response relationship between prediagnostic sCD30 concentration and NHL risk among 234 cases and 234 individually matched controls (odds ratio [95% confidence interval] for second, third, and fourth quartiles vs first quartile: 1.4 [0.8-2.6], 2.2 [1.2-4.1], 4.1 [2.2-7.8]; P(trend) < .001), which persisted among cases diagnosed 6 to 10 years after providing a blood sample.

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  • (PMID = 19638620.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / CCR NIH HHS / RC / HHSN261200800001C; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / HHSN261200800001E; United States / PHS HHS / / HHSN261200800001E
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD30
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2756127
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14. Diamond C, Taylor TH, Aboumrad T, Anton-Culver H: Changes in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: incidence, presentation, treatment, and survival. Cancer; 2006 Jan 1;106(1):128-35
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Changes in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: incidence, presentation, treatment, and survival.
  • BACKGROUND: The authors sought to determine whether the availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) coincided with changes in the epidemiology of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
  • METHODS: Cancer registry data from 1988-2000 were linked with AIDS registry data from 1981 to July 2003 for San Diego County to identify 537 AIDS-NHL patients.
  • By using the total number of patients with AIDS who were alive as of July 1 annually as the AIDS population denominator, the average annual incidence of NHL was estimated among patients with AIDS for the pre-HAART period (1988-1995) and post-HAART period (1996-2000).
  • RESULTS: The incidence of NHL decreased from 29.6 per 1000 person-years pre-HAART to 6.5 per 1000 person-years post-HAART.
  • The proportion of patients who had NHL of central nervous system (CNS) origin decreased from 28% pre-HAART to 17% post-HAART.
  • Among patients with systemic NHL, 54% received chemotherapy pre-HAART, and 72% received chemotherapy post-HAART.
  • The percentage of intermediate-grade NHL increased from 33% pre-HAART to 49% post-HAART, and the percentage of high-grade NHL decreased from 38% to 19%, respectively.
  • A diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus infection preceding the NHL diagnosis and Stage IV NHL were associated with worse survival, whereas a diagnosis of NHL in the post-HAART period and chemotherapy were associated with better survival.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Since the introduction of HAART, there has been a decrease in the incidence of systemic and CNS NHL among patients with AIDS.
  • Among patients with systemic, AIDS-related NHL, there has been decreased high-grade histology, increased use of chemotherapy, and improved survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 American Cancer Society.
  • (PMID = 16329140.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1K07CA096480
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Galicier L, Fieschi C, Borie R, Meignin V, Daniel MT, Gérard L, Oksenhendler E: Intensive chemotherapy regimen (LMB86) for St Jude stage IV AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia: a prospective study. Blood; 2007 Oct 15;110(8):2846-54
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Intensive chemotherapy regimen (LMB86) for St Jude stage IV AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia: a prospective study.
  • Prognosis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma has improved since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Seven treatment-related deaths occurred and all patients experienced severe BM toxicity.
  • We conclude that LMB86 regimen is highly effective in advanced HIV-related BL and should be proposed for patients with CD4 count higher than 200 x 10(6)/L or ECOG of 2 or less.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17609431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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16. Bower M, Gazzard B, Mandalia S, Newsom-Davis T, Thirlwell C, Dhillon T, Young AM, Powles T, Gaya A, Nelson M, Stebbing J: A prognostic index for systemic AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Ann Intern Med; 2005 Aug 16;143(4):265-73
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A prognostic index for systemic AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • BACKGROUND: The established International Prognostic Index for lymphomas has not included patients with systemic AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To establish the most appropriate prognostic index for use in patients with systemic AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • DESIGN: A prospective study involving univariate and multivariable analyses of patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma whose data were used to examine standard and new criteria for survival after diagnosis.
  • PATIENTS: 9621 HIV-positive patients, 111 in whom AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma was treated after 1996, in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • RESULTS: Survival of patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma has increased in the HAART era (log-rank chi-square, 9.23; P = 0.002).
  • CONCLUSIONS: For patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma that was diagnosed in the era of HAART, application of the International Prognostic Index remains useful.
  • Patients who present with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma and a low CD4 cell count have a poor prognosis; this information can be used to guide therapeutic options.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / mortality

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  • [ErratumIn] Ann Intern Med. 2006 Apr 18;144(8):620
  • [SummaryForPatientsIn] Ann Intern Med. 2005 Aug 16;143(4):I28 [16103466.001]
  • (PMID = 16103470.001).
  • [ISSN] 1539-3704
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of internal medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Mwanda WO, Orem J, Fu P, Banura C, Kakembo J, Onyango CA, Ness A, Reynolds S, Johnson JL, Subbiah V, Bako J, Wabinga H, Abdallah FK, Meyerson HJ, Whalen CC, Lederman MM, Black J, Ayers LW, Katongole-Mbidde E, Remick SC: Dose-modified oral chemotherapy in the treatment of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in East Africa. J Clin Oncol; 2009 Jul 20;27(21):3480-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dose-modified oral chemotherapy in the treatment of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in East Africa.
  • PURPOSE Africa is burdened by the AIDS epidemic and attendant increase in HIV/AIDS-related malignancies.
  • Dose-modified oral chemotherapy for AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is one such approach.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS The oral regimen consisted of lomustine 50 mg/m(2) on day 1 (cycle 1 only), etoposide 100 mg/m(2) on days 1 to 3, and cyclophosphamide/procarbazine 50 mg/m(2) each on days 22 to 26 at 6-week intervals (one cycle) for two total cycles in HIV-infected patients with biopsy-proven non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Four febrile neutropenia episodes and three treatment-related deaths (6% mortality rate) occurred.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. HIV-1 / physiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19470940.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / FIC NIH HHS / TW / TW00011; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA083528; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI36219; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA83528; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA043703; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA066531; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA43703; United States / FIC NIH HHS / TW / D43 TW000011; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA70081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066531; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI036219
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 35S93Y190K / Procarbazine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7BRF0Z81KG / Lomustine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2717754
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18. Vilchez RA, Lopez-Terrada D, Middleton JR, Finch CJ, Killen DE, Zanwar P, Jorgensen JL, Butel JS: Simian virus 40 tumor antigen expression and immunophenotypic profile of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Virology; 2005 Nov 10;342(1):38-46
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  • [Title] Simian virus 40 tumor antigen expression and immunophenotypic profile of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Simian virus 40 (SV40) is associated with some systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) among HIV-positive patients, based on assays for viral DNA sequences.
  • To investigate the possible production of the viral transforming protein, we examined age-matched case-control specimens from patients with HIV/AIDS for the expression of SV40 large tumor antigen (T-ag).
  • Fifty-five systemic NHL and 25 nonmalignant lymphoid and malignant nonlymphoid tissue control cases from two HIV community programs in Texas and New Jersey were scored for IHC positivity without knowledge of the PCR results.
  • SV40 T-ag expression was detected only in B-cell lymphoma specimens that contained SV40 DNA sequences.
  • Not all lymphoma cells in a positive specimen stained for T-ag, and the reaction was lower intensity than observed in SV40 hamster tumors.
  • A germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) profile was more frequently expressed by SV40-positive tumors than in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related lymphomas (10/12, 83% vs. 6/13, 46%; P = 0.05), whereas a non-GCB phenotype was more frequent in EBV-positive than in SV40-positive lymphomas (7/13, 54% vs. 2/12, 17%; P = 0.05).
  • This study shows that SV40 gene expression occurs in a fraction of cells in some B-cell lymphomas among patients with HIV/AIDS.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / genetics. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology

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  • (PMID = 16122775.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-6822
  • [Journal-full-title] Virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI36211; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA104818
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming; 0 / DNA, Viral
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19. Corti M, Villafañe MF, Trione N, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M: Primary pulmonary AIDS-related lymphoma. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo; 2005 Jul-Aug;47(4):231-4
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  • [Title] Primary pulmonary AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • Extranodal involvement is common in lymphomas associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • However, primary pulmonary AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is very rare and only few reports were published in the medical literature.
  • Primary pulmonary lymphoma associated with AIDS is generally a high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Epstein-Barr virus is strongly associated with the pathogenesis of these tumors.
  • We report a patient with AIDS and primary pulmonary lymphoma which clinical presentation was a total atelectasis of the left lung.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Pulmonary Atelectasis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16138208.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-4665
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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20. Uriarte-Duque J, Hernández-Riverab G: [Treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with acquired immnodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán]. Gac Med Mex; 2006 Mar-Apr;142(2):99-102
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  • [Title] [Treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with acquired immnodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].
  • [Transliterated title] Tratamiento de pacientes con linfomas no Hodgkin asociados a SIDA: experiencia del Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán.
  • BACKGROUND: Survival in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma has improved with the use of High Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) and less toxic chemotherapy.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical characteristics and outcome among patients treated for AIDS related non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma are described.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16711542.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-3813
  • [Journal-full-title] Gaceta médica de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gac Med Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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21. Rochford R, Feuer G, Orem J, Banura C, Katongole-Mbidde E, Mwanda WO, Moormann A, Harrington WJ, Remick SC: Strategies to overcome myelotoxic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. East Afr Med J; 2005 Sep;82(9 Suppl):S155-60
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  • [Title] Strategies to overcome myelotoxic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • OBJECTIVES: To develop effective non-myelotoxic therapies for Burkitt's Lymphoma (BL) and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Myelotoxic death rates using multi-agent induction chemotherapy approach 25% for endemic Burkitt's lymphoma and range between 20% to 60% for AIDS-related malignancy.
  • Investigations and alternative approaches that lessen or circumvent myelotoxicity of traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy for the management of Burkitt's lymphoma and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the resource-constrained setting are warranted.
  • This can be achieved by developing targeted anti-viral and other strategies, such as the use of bryostatin 1 and vincristine, and by developing a preclinical mouse model to frame the clinical rationale for a pilot trial of metronomic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Macrolides / therapeutic use. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16619692.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] East African medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] East Afr Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Kenya
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Bryostatins; 0 / Macrolides; 37O2X55Y9E / bryostatin 1; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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22. Diamond C, Taylor TH, Im T, Anton-Culver H: Presentation and outcomes of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a comparison between patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy and patients without AIDS. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Sep;47(9):1822-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Presentation and outcomes of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a comparison between patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy and patients without AIDS.
  • We used the San Diego/Orange County cancer registry to identify 64 cases of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with AIDS who received highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) at the time of NHL diagnosis or thereafter and 64 NHL controls without AIDS, matched on age, sex, race, time of NHL diagnosis (1994-1995 and 1996-1999), and hospital type (academic, large community, and small community).
  • Patients with AIDS-related NHL who received HAART had high grade histology and baseline cytopenia and received reduced-dose chemotherapy more often than patients without AIDS.
  • However, AIDS patients who received HAART and chemotherapy had survival similar to NHL patients without AIDS, an improvement from the pre-HAART era.
  • Appropriate hematologic support, through growth factors, transfusions, and avoidance of drugs with hematologic toxicity, might allow full dosing of chemotherapy, and perhaps would further improve outcomes among patients with AIDS and NHL.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17064995.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1K07 CA 096480
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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23. Diamond C, Taylor TH, Im T, Wallace M, Saven A, Anton-Culver H: How valid is using cancer registries' data to identify acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma? Cancer Causes Control; 2007 Mar;18(2):135-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] How valid is using cancer registries' data to identify acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the accuracy of cancer registry data regarding the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) status of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • METHODS: We used the population-based San Diego/Orange County cancer registry to identify 392 patients with HIV-related NHL diagnosed 1994-1999.
  • After matching for age, sex, race, period of NHL diagnosis, and hospital type, we were able to find 324 corresponding patients among the remaining 4,863 NHL patients diagnosed 1994-1999 (who did not have HIV infection according to cancer registry records).
  • CONCLUSION: Using cancer registry data to identify AIDS-related NHL is a valid research practice.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Medical Records / standards. Population Surveillance / methods. Registries / standards. SEER Program / standards

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  • (PMID = 17235495.001).
  • [ISSN] 0957-5243
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer causes & control : CCC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Causes Control
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07 CA96480
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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24. Palmieri C, Treibel T, Large O, Bower M: AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the first decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy. QJM; 2006 Dec;99(12):811-26
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the first decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Since HAART became available in 1996, the incidence of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) has fallen, and although there has been no change in the clinical features at presentation, the overall survival of patients with AIDS-related NHL has improved.
  • Prognosis is now determined chiefly by lymphoma-associated factors similar to those in the general population (the International Prognostic Index), although serum CD4 count at lymphoma diagnosis is an additional independent prognostic factor.
  • The management of patients with AIDS-related NHL with either infusional chemotherapy or CHOP-like regimens (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone) achieves response and survival rates approaching those observed in the general population.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Neutropenia / therapy. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17085516.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2725
  • [Journal-full-title] QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians
  • [ISO-abbreviation] QJM
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 91
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25. Cheung MC, Pantanowitz L, Dezube BJ: AIDS-related malignancies: emerging challenges in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Oncologist; 2005 Jun-Jul;10(6):412-26
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related malignancies: emerging challenges in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients are at increased risk of developing cancer, particularly in the later stages of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (ARL) are the most common AIDS-defining malignancies.
  • AIDS-related KS varies from minimal to fulminant disease.
  • Treatment decisions for AIDS-related KS are guided largely by the presence and extent of symptomatic disease.
  • Novel therapies that have become available to treat AIDS-related KS include angiogenesis inhibitors and antiviral agents.
  • HIV-infected patients also appear to be at increased risk for developing certain non-AIDS-defining cancers, such as Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma.
  • Although the optimal treatment of these neoplasms is at present uncertain, recent advances in chemotherapy, antiretroviral drugs, and supportive care protocols are allowing for more aggressive management of many of the AIDS-related cancers.
  • This article provides an up-to-date review of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, and treatment of various AIDS-related malignancies that are likely to be encountered by an oncologist practicing in the current HAART era.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Medical Oncology / trends. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy


26. Djunic I, Jevtovic DL, Ranin J, Salemovic D, Tomin D, Mihaljevic B: Serbian lymphoma study group (SLG): the prognosis of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Biomed Pharmacother; 2008 Jan;62(1):12-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Serbian lymphoma study group (SLG): the prognosis of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (ARL) present with advanced disease, aggressive histological type, B-symptoms, and often with an extranodal localization.
  • Twenty-six patients had an aggressive type of lymphoma while 2 had an indolent type.
  • RESULTS: This study demonstrated that significant factors for OS in patients with ARL were the high International Prognostic Index (P=0.019), previous AIDS event (P=0.04), aggressive histological type of NHL (P=0.007) and extranodal disease (P=0.04).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17629445.001).
  • [ISSN] 0753-3322
  • [Journal-full-title] Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomédecine & pharmacothérapie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biomed. Pharmacother.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate; CHOP protocol
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27. Pereg D, Koren G, Lishner M: The treatment of Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in pregnancy. Haematologica; 2007 Sep;92(9):1230-7
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  • [Title] The treatment of Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in pregnancy.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lymphoma is the fourth most frequent malignancy diagnosed during pregnancy, occurring in approximately 1 over 6000 deliveries.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: Its occurrence may increase due to the current trend to postpone pregnancy until later in life and the evidence suggested high incidence of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in developing countries.
  • The relatively rare occurrence of pregnancy-associated lymphoma precludes the conduction of large, prospective studies to examine diagnostic, management and outcome issues.
  • In the vast majority of cases, when lymphoma is diagnosed during the first trimester, treatment with a standard chemotherapy regimen, following pregnancy termination should be recommended.
  • In the rare patients at low risk, such as those with stage 1 Hodgkin's lymphoma or indolent non-Hodgkins lymphoma, therapy can be delayed until the end of the first trimester and of embryogenesis while keeping the patients under close observation.
  • INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: When lymphoma is diagnosed during the second and third trimesters, evidence exists suggesting that full-dose chemotherapy can be administered safely without apparent increased risk of severe adverse fetal outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Hodgkin Disease / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17666365.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 67
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28. Fleisch F, Reinhart WH, Brand B, Berger C: Epstein-Barr virus DNA in serum in a HIV-infected patient during development and treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Swiss Med Wkly; 2005 Apr 30;135(17-18):263-5
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  • [Title] Epstein-Barr virus DNA in serum in a HIV-infected patient during development and treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Immunocompromised patients are at risk of developing Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related lymphoproliferative disorders.
  • Quantitative determination of serum EBV DNA permits early diagnosis of an AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and surveillance of treatment response and/or relapse, and thus may be a useful tool to monitor disease activity.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA, Viral / blood. HIV Infections / virology. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology

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  • (PMID = 15965829.001).
  • [ISSN] 1424-7860
  • [Journal-full-title] Swiss medical weekly
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Swiss Med Wkly
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents; 0 / DNA, Viral; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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29. Corti M, de Dios Soler M, Bare P, Villafañe MF, De Tezanos Pinto M, Perez Bianco R, Narbaitz M: [AIDS related lymphomas: Histopathological subtypes and association with Epstein Barr virus and Human Herpes virus type-8]. Medicina (B Aires); 2010;70(2):151-8
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  • [Title] [AIDS related lymphomas: Histopathological subtypes and association with Epstein Barr virus and Human Herpes virus type-8].
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) of the B-cell type are the second most common neoplasm among patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and AIDS.
  • Here, we evaluated 48 cases of AIDS-related lymphomas (ARL) diagnosed at the Histopathological Division of the Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas of the National Academy of Medicine.
  • Virological findings showed the strong association between EBV and AIDS-related NHL.
  • According to the histopathological subtype, the EBV genome was detected in 16/21 (76%) diffuse large B cell lymphomas, 1/3 Burkitt lymphoma and 3/4 (75%) of primary central nervous system lymphomas.
  • Globally, EBV genome was detected in 20/28 NHL of this series.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma were more frequent in males 18/20 (90%), with an aggressive clinical course and a significant predominance of the subtypes associated with worse prognosis (90% of cases).
  • We consider that all cases of AIDS related lymphomas should be assessed for the presence of EBV because its presence may play a role in the prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA, Viral / analysis. Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics. Hodgkin Disease / virology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology

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  • (PMID = 20447898.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-7680
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Medicina (B Aires)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Argentina
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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30. Boué F, Gabarre J, Gisselbrecht C, Reynes J, Cheret A, Bonnet F, Billaud E, Raphael M, Lancar R, Costagliola D: Phase II trial of CHOP plus rituximab in patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Clin Oncol; 2006 Sep 1;24(25):4123-8
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  • [Title] Phase II trial of CHOP plus rituximab in patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of rituximab adjunction to the cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) regimen in patients with newly diagnosed AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: HIV-seropositive patients with high-grade lymphoma of B-cell origin were eligible if they had no more than one of the following characteristics: CD4 cell count less than 100/microL, prior AIDS, or performance status less than 2.
  • Characteristics of patients were median age, 41 years; median CD4 cells, 172/microL; histology, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n = 42), immunoblastic (n = 2), Burkitt lymphoma (n = 16), and plasmablastic (n = 1); 42 patients with stage III to IV; International Prognostic Index 0 to 1 (n=31), and 2 to 3 (n = 27).
  • Eighteen patients died: 16 as a result of lymphoma, one as a result of infection, and one as a result of encephalitis.
  • CONCLUSION: Rituximab adjunction to CHOP produced a CR rate of 77% and a 2-year survival rate of 75% in patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, without increasing the risk of life-threatening infections.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2007 Feb 20;25(6):e6 [17308260.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2007 Feb 20;25(6):e7 [17308261.001]
  • (PMID = 16896005.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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31. Salemi M, Lamers SL, Huysentruyt LC, Galligan D, Gray RR, Morris A, McGrath MS: Distinct patterns of HIV-1 evolution within metastatic tissues in patients with non-Hodgkins lymphoma. PLoS One; 2009 Dec 03;4(12):e8153
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  • [Title] Distinct patterns of HIV-1 evolution within metastatic tissues in patients with non-Hodgkins lymphoma.
  • Despite highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), AIDS related lymphoma (ARL) occurs at a significantly higher rate in patients infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) than in the general population.
  • We sequenced HIV-1 envelope gp120 clones obtained post mortem from several tumor and non-tumor tissues of two patients who died with AIDS-related Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (ARL-NH).
  • 1) high-resolution phylogenetic analysis showed a significant degree of compartmentalization between lymphoma and non-lymphoma viral sub-populations while viral sub-populations from lymph nodes appeared to be intermixed within sequences from tumor and non-tumor tissues, 2) a 100-fold increase in the effective HIV population size in tumor versus non-tumor tissues was associated with the emergence of lymphadenopathy and aggressive metastatic ARL, and 3) HIV gene flow among lymph nodes, normal and metastatic tissues was non-random.
  • The different population dynamics between the viruses found in tumors versus the non-tumor associated viruses suggest that there is a significant relationship between HIV evolution and lymphoma pathogenesis.

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  • (PMID = 19997510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA096230; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA096230-06; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI065265; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS063897-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066529; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS063897; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009126; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS063897-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066529-14; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS063897; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA09126
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HIV Core Protein p24; 0 / HIV Envelope Protein gp120
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2780293
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32. Phatak UA: Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in AIDS-related non-hodgkin's lymphoma. Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol; 2009 Oct;30(4):153-5
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  • [Title] Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome in AIDS-related non-hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Immune Reconstitution syndrome following antiretroviral therapy is common in HIV/AIDS patients due to boosting of immunity.
  • A case is reported here wherein AIDS-related Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patient received CHOP regimen and antiretroviral therapy.

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  • (PMID = 20838562.001).
  • [ISSN] 0975-2129
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of medical and paediatric oncology : official journal of Indian Society of Medical & Paediatric Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2930308
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; AIDS-related lymphoma / HIV-IRIS / IRIS
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33. Gotoh M, Kitahara T, Iguchi T, Izumi M, Mukai K, Ohyashiki K: [HIV-related multiple non-Hodgkin lymphomas]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2008 Nov;49(11):1552-5
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  • [Title] [HIV-related multiple non-Hodgkin lymphomas].
  • He was HIV-positive, and had gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and renal T-cell anaplastic large cell lymphoma (T-ALCL).
  • We diagnosed double lymphomas related to AIDS.
  • This case suggested that cancer generation was promoted by low immunity, although it is known that ambivalent tumors such as non-Hodgkin lymphomas can occur frequently.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, B-Cell / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19047787.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; VAP-cyclo protocol
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34. Bahl S, Theis B, Nishri D, Marrett LD: Changing incidence of AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Ontario, Canada. Cancer Causes Control; 2008 Dec;19(10):1251-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Changing incidence of AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Ontario, Canada.
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of the AIDS epidemic on the incidence of Kaposi sarcoma (KS) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in Ontario.
  • METHODS: Age-standardized incidence rates for KS and NHL from 1981 to 2000 were calculated from the population-based Ontario Cancer Registry.
  • AIDS cases were extracted from Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care reports.
  • NHL incidence in males increased steadily during the 1980s at 3.2% per year and then slowed beyond 1990.
  • In males aged 30-44, NHL incidence rose from 1981 to 1990 (8.8% per year) and then fell (-2.5%) thereafter.
  • NHL and KS cases represented one-third of HIV deaths.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The AIDS epidemic, the introduction of antiretroviral therapies, and the decrease in HIV infection rates explain the rise and decline of KS incidence in Ontario.
  • NHL incidence trends are more complex, although the AIDS epidemic explains the trends observed in younger men (in whom AIDS is more common), and for the AIDS-related subtypes.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Population Surveillance. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Burkitt Lymphoma / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Logistic Models. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic / epidemiology. Male. Ontario / epidemiology. Registries / statistics & numerical data. Retrospective Studies


35. Behler CM, Kaplan LD: Advances in the management of HIV-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Curr Opin Oncol; 2006 Sep;18(5):437-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Advances in the management of HIV-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Human immunodeficiency virus infection is associated with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Even with a decrease in AIDS-defining illnesses after the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy, HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma remains an important problem.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Low CD4+ T-lymphocyte count, disease stage, performance status, serum lactate dehydrogenase, and number of extranodal sites of disease are all important prognostic factors for HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Recent studies have examined the role of infusional chemotherapy, as well as immunotherapy, in the treatment of aggressive HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and autologous stem cell transplantation for relapsed or refractory HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • New developments in the association of viral infection and pathogenesis of certain subtypes of HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma have also recently been reported.
  • SUMMARY: Outcomes of HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma are improving with the routine use of highly active antiretroviral therapy and combination chemotherapy.
  • For aggressive HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, infusional chemotherapy regimens are well tolerated and lead to complete response in about 50-75% of cases and a 2-3 years overall survival of 40-60%.
  • HIV-associated Burkitt lymphoma should be treated with an intensive regimen rather than standard cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone-like chemotherapy.
  • Autologous stem cell transplantation should be considered for selected patients with relapsed or refractory HIV-non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Retroviral Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy. Stem Cell Transplantation

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  • (PMID = 16894290.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8746
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 65
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36. Grulich AE, Vajdic CM: The epidemiology of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Pathology; 2005 Dec;37(6):409-19
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The epidemiology of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) includes a group of more than 20 different malignant lymphoproliferative diseases that originate from lymphocytes.
  • Rates of NHL have increased dramatically over the past few decades, although the rate of increase has recently slowed.
  • The causes of the increase in NHL rates are largely unknown.
  • The best described risk factor for NHL is immune deficiency; rates of NHL are greatly increased, with relative risks of 10-100 or more, in people with immune deficiency associated with immune suppressive therapy after transplantation, HIV/AIDS, and congenital conditions.
  • In addition, some NHL subtypes are associated with specific infections.
  • These include immune-deficiency-associated central nervous system NHL (Epstein-Barr virus); gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue NHL (Helicobacter pylori); adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (human T-lymphotrophic virus type 1) and body cavity-based lymphoma (human herpesvirus 8).
  • However, these specific infections account for a very small proportion of total NHL incidence.
  • In addition to immune deficiency and infection, other immune-related conditions are increasingly being recognised as related to NHL risk.
  • Specific autoimmune conditions, including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythema, Sjogren's syndrome, psoriasis and coeliac disease are associated with moderately increased risk of NHL.
  • On the other hand, allergic and atopic conditions and their correlates such as early birth order, appear to be associated with a decreased risk of NHL.A variety of other exposures are less strongly related to NHL risk.
  • Recently, two studies have reported that sun exposure is associated with a decreased risk of NHL.
  • Smoking appears to be weakly positively associated with risk of follicular NHL, and alcohol intake is associated with a decreased risk of NHL.
  • The pooled analysis of several case-control studies of NHL risk that are currently in the field promises to help clarify which of these risk factors are real, and will contribute to the elucidation of the mechanisms of how disorders of the immune system, and other factors, are related to NHL risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16373224.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-3025
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 147
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37. Tserenpuntsag B, Kołacińska A, Jabłonowska E: [AIDS associated cancers in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)]. Przegl Epidemiol; 2007;61(3):529-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [AIDS associated cancers in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)].
  • [Transliterated title] Nowotwory zwiazane z AIDS w erze skojarzonego leczenia antyretrowirusowego (HAART).
  • Kaposi's sarcoma, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (ARL) and invasive cervical cancer are the most common AIDS-defining malignancies.
  • It significantly reduced the incidence of AIDS associated events and deaths and even changed treatment regimens ofAIDS associated cancers.
  • HAART allows the use of standard-dose chemotherapies for NON-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV infected pacients and same treatment regimen for invasive cervical cancer in infected patients as non-infected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology


38. Siani LM, Siani A, Ricci V, D'Elia M, Masoni T, Uggeri G: [Burkitt's lymphoma of the caecum in a patient with AIDS: clinical case and review of the literature]. Minerva Chir; 2009 Apr;64(2):229-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Burkitt's lymphoma of the caecum in a patient with AIDS: clinical case and review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] Linfoma di Burkitt del cieco in paziente con AIDS conclamato: caso clinico e revisione della letteratura.
  • The incidence of primary colic lymphoma, above all in the non-Hodgkin variant, is clearly higher in the HIV positive population, especially in subjects with AIDS.
  • The authors present the case of a 51-year-old patient with AIDS undergoing antiviral therapy; he was suffering from abdominal pain and presented a palpable mass in the right iliac fossa; diagnosis was caecal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL); radical right hemicolectomy was carried out with definitive histological diagnosis of Burkitt-type small cell NHL.
  • The NHL of the colon represents no more than 1.2% of all malignant cancers of this part of the intestinal tract.
  • Frequently such forms are observed in patients with AIDS, at advanced stages and with differentiated and hence more aggressive histotypes, also because they are present in organisms weakened by the underlying disease and by immunodeficiency.
  • Primary NHLs of the colon are relatively frequent and aggressive in patients with AIDS; early diagnosis and treatment are therefore of fundamental importance to improve the oncological outcome for these patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma. Cecal Neoplasms. Immunocompromised Host. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related


39. Kaaya EE, Castaños-Velez E, Ekman M, Mwakigonja A, Carneiro P, Lema L, Kitinya J, Linde A, Biberfeld P: AIDS and non AIDS-related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania. Afr Health Sci; 2006 Jun;6(2):69-75
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Lymphoma.

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  • [Title] AIDS and non AIDS-related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania.
  • BACKGROUND: Malignant lymphoma (ML) in HIV patients, are second in frequency to Kaposi's sarcoma (AKS) as AIDS-defining tumors.
  • In Africa the frequency of AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) is rare and the findings are controversial.
  • Both retrospective and prospective lymphoma cases were classified according to the revised European-American (REAL) classification.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and type of AIDS and non-AIDS related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania and a possible co-association with KSHV/HHV-8 and EBV.
  • The tumors were classified as Burkitt's (6), diffuse large cell (10), precursor-B lymphoblastic (1) and Hodgkin's disease (5) from HIV positive and negative patients.
  • Ten (40%) high grade ML and three Hodgkin's lymphoma from HIV patients had HHV-8 DNA.
  • These findings were not related to age, sex or type of lymphoma.
  • There was no association of HHV-8 with the lymphoma cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma / epidemiology. Lymphoma / pathology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Burkitt Lymphoma / epidemiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Developing Countries. Female. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Herpesvirus 8, Human / isolation & purification. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Hodgkin Disease / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization. Incidence. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / pathology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology. Survival Analysis. Tanzania / epidemiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 16916294.001).
  • [ISSN] 1729-0503
  • [Journal-full-title] African health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr Health Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Uganda
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1831982
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40. Carbone A, Gloghini A, Serraino D, Spina M: HIV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma. Curr Opin HIV AIDS; 2009 Jan;4(1):3-10
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  • [Title] HIV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The focus of this review is on the current knowledge on epidemiology, pathology and treatment of HIV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma (HIV-HL).
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Among non-AIDS-defining cancers, an increased risk of Hodgkin lymphoma was recently observed.
  • However, the relationship between HIV infection, AIDS and Hodgkin lymphoma is still unclear.
  • SUMMARY: In the highly active antiretroviral therapy era, HIV-infected people seem to be at increased risk of Hodgkin lymphoma than in first years of the epidemic.
  • In these persons with improved immunity, increased CD4+ T cells provide antiapoptotic pathways and mechanisms for immune escape by tumor cells, as occurs in classic Hodgkin lymphoma among people without AIDS.
  • Several studies have documented a significant difference in the distribution of Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes in HIV-infected persons as compared with Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-uninfected population.
  • HIV-HL exhibits special features related to the cellular background and the abundance of the neoplastic cell population, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Hodgkin Disease / pathology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19339934.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-6318
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in HIV and AIDS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin HIV AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / EBV-associated membrane antigen, Epstein-Barr virus; 0 / Viral Matrix Proteins; 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 5V9KLZ54CY / Vinblastine; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; ABVD protocol
  • [Number-of-references] 50
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41. Zucchetto A, Bruzzone S, De Paoli A, Regine V, Pappagallo M, Dal Maso L, Serraino D, Rezza G, Suligoi B: [AIDS and injecting drug use: survival determinants in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era]. Epidemiol Prev; 2009 Jul-Oct;33(4-5):184-9
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  • [Title] [AIDS and injecting drug use: survival determinants in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era].
  • [Transliterated title] AIDS e tossicodipendenza: determinanti della sopravvivenza nell'era delle terapie antiretrovirali altamente efficaci.
  • OBJECTIVES: to estimate survival, after AIDS diagnosis, in people who got infected with HIV through injecting drug use (IDUs), to identify among variables collected at AIDS diagnosis those which were associated to prognosis and to assess the frequency of morbid conditions at death.
  • SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 4,040 IDUs diagnosed with AIDS in Italy between 1999 and 2005.
  • RESULTS: the 2-year and 5-year survival probabilities after AIDS diagnosis of IDUs were 72% and 60%, respectively.
  • Elevated risks of death emerged for IDUs with older ages (HR=2.0 95% CI 1.6-2.4 for>45 years old vs.<35 years old), lower education (HR=1.4 95% CI 1.2-1.7 for elementary school vs. high school/university), longer time span between first HIV positive test and AIDS diagnosis (HR=1.6 95% CI 1.4-1.9 for > 6 months vs. < 6 months), and lower CD4 cell count at diagnosis (HR=1.5 95% CI 1.3-1.7 for <50 cells/mm3 vs. > 200 cells/mm3).
  • Compared to Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, non-Hodgkin lymphomas were the worst prognostic factors, particularly primary brain lymphoma (HR=7.2, 95% CI 4.4-11.8).
  • 52% of cases reported no AIDS-defining illnesses: 64 (4%) violent causes, 94 (6%) cancers, and 656 (42%) only non neoplastic illnesses, among which 415 (27%) liver diseases.
  • CONCLUSION: the results of this population-based study showed that, in the highly active antiretroviral therapy era, survival of IDUs with AIDS was still lower compared to that of HIV sexual transmission groups.
  • The presence at death, in 52% of cases, of non AIDS-defining illnesses indicates the important role on mortality of co-morbidities, including liver diseases and violent causes.
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / mortality. Age Factors. Comorbidity. Death Certificates. Educational Status. Equipment Contamination. HIV Infections / transmission. Homicide / statistics & numerical data. Humans. Italy / epidemiology. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Liver Diseases / mortality. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality. Medical Record Linkage. Needles. Proportional Hazards Models. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Risk. Sexual Behavior

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  • (PMID = 20124634.001).
  • [ISSN] 1120-9763
  • [Journal-full-title] Epidemiologia e prevenzione
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epidemiol Prev
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
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42. Sabaawy HE, Sandoval C, Guo Q, Yin C, Kulangara A, Lee J, Wormser G, Jayabose S, Pine SR: Lymphoproliferative clonal origin of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Leuk Lymphoma; 2007 Apr;48(4):812-5
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  • [Title] Lymphoproliferative clonal origin of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / genetics. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / genetics. Lymphoproliferative Disorders / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17454643.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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43. Chao C, Jacobson LP, Tashkin D, Martínez-Maza O, Roth MD, Margolick JB, Chmiel JS, Holloway MN, Zhang ZF, Detels R: Recreational amphetamine use and risk of HIV-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Cancer Causes Control; 2009 Jul;20(5):509-16
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  • [Title] Recreational amphetamine use and risk of HIV-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • The results of many laboratory studies suggest that amphetamine use may lead to altered immune function and cytokine expression, both of which are implicated in HIV-related lymphomagenesis.
  • We examined the hypothesis that use of amphetamines modifies risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in HIV-infected men in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study.
  • A total of 171 NHL cases were diagnosed from the 19,250 person-years accrued.
  • Multivariable Cox models were used to estimate the effects of baseline exposures, time-varying recent exposures, and three years lagged exposures on risk of NHL adjusting for potential confounders such as demographics, use of other substances, and risky sexual behaviors.
  • We found that weekly or more frequent use of amphetamines was associated with an increased risk of NHL, with hazard ratios of 1.75 (95% CI = 0.81-3.77) for use at baseline, 4.73 (1.41-15.81) for recent use, and 3.05 (1.19-7.82) for three years prior use.
  • Similar associations were observed when we separately examined systemic NHL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

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  • (PMID = 19011979.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7225
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer causes & control : CCC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Causes Control
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035042; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA008254-12; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI037984; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888-05; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA08254; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / DA003018-18; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / DA008254-12; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R37 DA003018; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R37 DA03018; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R37 DA003018-21; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI037613; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888-01; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR000722; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035041; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50CA096888; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UM1 AI035043; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R37 DA003018-18; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / DA008254-06; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035043; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / DA003018-21; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035040; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA008254; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA096888-01; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA008254-06; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035039; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Street Drugs; CK833KGX7E / Amphetamine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS192303; NLM/ PMC2862618
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44. Licci S, D'Antonio A, Boscaino A, Morelli L, Piscioli F, Abbate I, Donnorso RP, Del Nonno F: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas concurrent with HHV8-associated Kaposi's sarcoma in the same lymph node in AIDS and non-AIDS patients. Acta Haematol; 2007;118(1):47-52
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  • [Title] Non-Hodgkin lymphomas concurrent with HHV8-associated Kaposi's sarcoma in the same lymph node in AIDS and non-AIDS patients.
  • METHODS: Two cases of concurrent non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma in the same lymph node are described: a diffuse large B cell lymphoma in an AIDS patient and a T cell-rich large B cell lymphoma in a HIV-negative patient, complete with the clinical, immunohistological and molecular features, the latter ones defined after isolation of the different neoplastic areas by laser capture microdissection.
  • [MeSH-major] Herpesvirus 8, Human / isolation & purification. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 17505129.001).
  • [ISSN] 1421-9662
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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45. Cheung MC, Hicks LK, Leitch HA: Excessive neurotoxicity with ABVD when combined with protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy in the treatment of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk; 2010 Apr;10(2):E22-5
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. VINBLASTINE .

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  • [Title] Excessive neurotoxicity with ABVD when combined with protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy in the treatment of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is the second most common non-AIDS-defining malignancy among persons infected with HIV, and its incidence might be increasing in the current era of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).
  • Antiretroviral therapy is commonly prescribed concomitantly with chemotherapy in the treatment of AIDS-related malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related


46. Mounier N, Spina M, Gisselbrecht C: Modern management of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-infected patients. Br J Haematol; 2007 Mar;136(5):685-98
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. RITUXIMAB .

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  • [Title] Modern management of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-infected patients.
  • Patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are at greater risk of developing non-Hodgkin lymphoma than the general population and aggressive B-cell lymphoma has become one of the most common of the initial acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining illnesses.
  • This review considers the prognostic factors and new approaches to the treatment of patients with AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL).
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Drug Administration Schedule. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Prognosis. Rituximab

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  • (PMID = 17229246.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
  • [Number-of-references] 83
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47. Fontas E, Kousignian I, Pradier C, Duvivier C, Poizot-Martin I, Durier C, Jarrousse B, Weiss L, Levy Y, Costagliola D, FHDH ANRS CO4 ANRS CO141: Interleukine-2 therapy does not increase the risk of Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-infected patients: results from FHDH ANRS CO4. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2009 Feb 1;50(2):206-14
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  • [Title] Interleukine-2 therapy does not increase the risk of Hodgkin or non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-infected patients: results from FHDH ANRS CO4.
  • Here we compared the risks of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) in IL-2-treated and IL-2-untreated HIV-infected patients.
  • Poisson regression models were used in 2 separate analyses to quantify the possible relationship between IL-2 therapy and the incidence of NHL and HL.
  • After adjustment for sex and time-updated age, period, the CD4 cell counts, the plasma HIV RNA levels, and AIDS status, the relative rates of NHL and HL associated with IL-2 therapy were 0.64 (95% confidence interval, 0.25 to 1.65) and 0.33 (95% confidence interval, 0.04 to 2.86), respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this large observational study, IL-2 therapy did not increase the risk of lymphoma, either NHL or HL, in HIV-infected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Interleukin-1 / adverse effects. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cohort Studies. Databases, Factual. Female. France. Hospitals. Humans. Incidence. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Risk Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19131886.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-4135
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interleukin-1
  • [Investigator] Abgrall S; Barin F; Bentata M; Billaud E; Boué F; Burty C; Cabié A; Cotte L; De Truchis P; Duval X; Enel P; Fredouille-Heripret L; Gasnault J; Gaud C; Gilquin J; Grabar S; Katlama C; Khuong M; Lang JM; Lascaux A; Launay O; Mahamat A; Mary-Krause M; Matheron S; Meynard J; Pavie J; Pialoux G; Pilorgé F; Reynes J; Rouveix E; Simon A; Tattevin P; Tissot-Dupont H; Viard J; Viget N; Pariente-Khayat A; Salomon V; Jacquemet N; Rivet A; Abgrall S; Grabar S; Guiguet M; Lanoy E; Lièvre L; Mary-Krause M; Potard V; Selinger-Leneman H; Fichou J; Bouvet E; Crickx B; Ecobichon J; Leport C; Matheron S; Picard-Dahan C; Yeni P; Tisne-Dessus D; Salmon D; Sicard D; Auperin I; Gilquin J; Roudière L; Viard J; Boué F; Fior R; Delfraissy J; Goujard C; Jung C; Lesprit P; Desplanque N; Meynard JL; Meyohas M; Picard O; Cadranel J; Mayaud C; Pialoux G; Bricaire F; Herson S; Katlama C; Simon A; Clauvel J; Decazes JM; Gerard L; Molina JM; Diemer M; Sellier P; Berthé H; Dupont C; Chandemerle C; Mortier E; de Truchis P; Bentata M; Honoré P; Jeantils V; Tassi S; Mechali D; Taverne B; Gourdon F; Laurichesse H; Fresard A; Lucht F; Eglinger P; Faller JP; Bazin C; Verdon R; Boibieux A; Peyramond D; Livrozet JM; Touraine J; Cotte L; Trepo C; Ravaux I; Tissot-Dupont H; Delmont J; Moreau J; Gastaut J; Retornaz F; Soubeyrand J; Allegre T; Blanc P; Galinier A; Ruiz J; Lepeu G; Granet-Brunello P; Esterni J; Pelissier L; Cohen-Valensi R; Nezri M; Chadapaud S; Laffeuillade A; Reynes J; May T; Rabaud C; Billaud E; Raffi F; Pugliese P; Arvieux C; Michelet C; Borsa-Lebas F; Caron F; Fraisse P; Lang J; Rey D; Arlet-Suau E; Cuzin L; Massip P; Thiercelin Legrand M; Yazdanpanah Y; Pradinaud R; Sobesky M; Gaud C; Contant M; Lévy Y; Aboulker J; Bursachi P; Delfraissy J; Saïdi Y; Lascaux A; Saïdi S; Commoy M; Chêne G; Viard JP; Molina J; Tubiana R; Lascaux AS; Berdah M; Jung C; Molina J; Lafaurie M; Schnell-Niedbalski L; Oksenhendler E; Gérard L; Delfraissy J; Goujard C; Chaix F; Rannou MT; Tegna L; Tisne-Dessus D; Jeanblanc F; Beck-Wirth G; Benomar M; Verdon R; Bazin C; Goubin P; Girard P; Boudraa C; Sebire M; Viard J; Maignan A; Tubiana R; Katlama C; Curjol A; Fabre G; Trepo C; Brochier C; Thoirain V; Bloch M; Mortier E; Dupon M; Raymond I; Ragnaud JM; Raymond I; Sellier P; Magnier JD; Simon A; Iguerstira M; Gastaut J; Dalmas AM; Aboulker J; Guéguen S; Circosta S; Mourlhou P; Saouzanet-Harel M; Izard S; Saïdi Y
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48. Vega MI, Martinez-Paniagua M, Jazirehi AR, Huerta-Yepez S, Umezawa K, Martinez-Maza O, Bonavida B: The NF-kappaB inhibitors (bortezomib and DHMEQ) sensitise rituximab-resistant AIDS-B-non-Hodgkin lymphoma to apoptosis by various chemotherapeutic drugs. Leuk Lymphoma; 2008 Oct;49(10):1982-94
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  • [Title] The NF-kappaB inhibitors (bortezomib and DHMEQ) sensitise rituximab-resistant AIDS-B-non-Hodgkin lymphoma to apoptosis by various chemotherapeutic drugs.
  • Rituximab in combination with chemotherapy is considered for the treatment of patients with AIDS-associated B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL); however, a subgroup of patients does not respond or develops resistance following initial treatments.
  • These findings offer novel potential therapeutic applications in the reversal of rituximab/drug resistant AIDS-derived B-NHL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Apoptosis / drug effects. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / drug effects. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. NF-kappa B / antagonists & inhibitors

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  • (PMID = 18949621.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / FIC NIH HHS / TW / D43 TW00013
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Benzamides; 0 / Boronic Acids; 0 / Cyclohexanones; 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Pyrazines; 0 / dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 69G8BD63PP / Bortezomib
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49. Davies CL, Chinn R, Nelson M, Rasanesan M, Gazzard B, Powles T, Bower M, Stebbing J: Outcome in AIDS-related systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma and leptomeningeal disease is not predicted by a CT brain scan. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol; 2007 Nov-Dec;28(10):1988-90
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  • [Title] Outcome in AIDS-related systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma and leptomeningeal disease is not predicted by a CT brain scan.
  • BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: AIDS-related systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (ARL) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1), and leptomeningeal disease in this setting has a dismal prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain / radiography. HIV-1. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / radiography. Meningeal Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed


50. Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe (COHERE) study group, Bohlius J, Schmidlin K, Costagliola D, Fätkenheuer G, May M, Caro Murillo AM, Mocroft A, Bonnet F, Clifford G, Touloumi G, Miro JM, Chene G, Lundgren J, Egger M: Prognosis of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma in patients starting combination antiretroviral therapy. AIDS; 2009 Sep 24;23(15):2029-37
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  • [Title] Prognosis of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma in patients starting combination antiretroviral therapy.
  • OBJECTIVE: We examined survival and prognostic factors of patients who developed HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).
  • METHODS: We included all cART-naive patients enrolled in cohorts participating in the Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe (COHERE) who were aged 16 years or older, started cART at some point after 1 January 1998 and developed NHL after 1 January 1998.
  • Patients had to have a CD4 cell count after 1 January 1998 and one at diagnosis of the NHL.
  • RESULTS: Of 67 659 patients who were followed up during 304 940 person-years, 1176 patients were diagnosed with NHL.
  • Survival at 1 year was 66% [95% confidence interval (CI) 63-70%] for systemic NHL (n = 763) and 54% (95% CI: 43-65%) for primary brain lymphoma (n = 84).
  • Patients developing NHL on cART had an increased risk of death compared with patients who were cART naive at diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSION: In the era of cART two-thirds of patients diagnosed with HIV-related systemic NHL survive for longer than 1 year after diagnosis.
  • Survival is poorer in patients diagnosed with primary brain lymphoma.
  • More advanced immunodeficiency is the dominant prognostic factor for mortality in patients with HIV-related NHL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV-1. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / mortality


51. Gérard L, Meignin V, Galicier L, Fieschi C, Leturque N, Piketty C, Fonquernie L, Agbalika F, Oksenhendler E: Characteristics of non-Hodgkin lymphoma arising in HIV-infected patients with suppressed HIV replication. AIDS; 2009 Nov 13;23(17):2301-8
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

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  • [Title] Characteristics of non-Hodgkin lymphoma arising in HIV-infected patients with suppressed HIV replication.
  • OBJECTIVE: Despite effective treatment of HIV infection, some patients still develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL).
  • We analysed patients with HIV-associated NHL and undetectable plasma HIV-RNA, according to the duration of HIV suppression.
  • METHODS: Out of 388 patients included in a prospective cohort of HIV-associated NHL from 1996 to 2008, 128 (33%) had a plasma HIV-RNA below 500 copies/ml and were included in the study.
  • In the more than 18 months group, patients developed NHL at a higher CD4 cell count than patients with 18 months or less of HIV suppression (359 versus 270 cells/microl, P = 0.02).
  • None of the NHL characteristics were different between the two groups.
  • CONCLUSION: In patients with undetectable HIV-RNA, NHL occurred mainly within the first 18 months following HIV suppression.
  • In patients developing NHL after long-term HIV suppression, the level of CD4 cell count was higher, but the association with Epstein-Barr virus or human herpesvirus 8 and the prognosis were similar to that observed in patients with recent HIV suppression.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections. HIV-1. Herpesvirus 4, Human / immunology. Herpesvirus 8, Human / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology


52. Bibas M, Antinori A: EBV and HIV-Related Lymphoma. Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis; 2009;1(2):e2009032

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  • [Title] EBV and HIV-Related Lymphoma.
  • The overall prevalence of HIV-associated lymphoma is significantly higher compared to that of the general population and it continues to be relevant even after the wide availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) (1).
  • It has been largely implicated in the development of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders as Burkitt lymphoma (BL), Hodgkin disease (HD), systemic non Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NC).
  • Virus-associated lymphomas are becoming of significant concern for the mortality of long-lived HIV immunocompromised patients, and therefore, research of advanced strategies for AIDS-related lymphomas is an important field in cancer chemotherapy.
  • Detailed understanding of the EBV lifecycle and related cancers at the molecular level is required for novel strategies of molecular-targeted cancer chemotherapy The linkage of HIV-related lymphoma with EBV infection of the tumor clone has several pathogenetic, prognostic and possibly therapeutic implications which are reviewed herein.

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  • (PMID = 21416008.001).
  • [ISSN] 2035-3006
  • [Journal-full-title] Mediterranean journal of hematology and infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3033170
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53. Collins JA, Hernández AV, Hidalgo JA, Villena J, Sumire J, Delgado V, Salazar R, Almenara Hospital AIDS Working Group: High proportion of T-cell systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-infected patients in Lima, Peru. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2005 Dec 15;40(5):558-64
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  • [Title] High proportion of T-cell systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-infected patients in Lima, Peru.
  • OBJECTIVE: Few reports have described the clinical and pathologic characteristics of HIV-related systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (sNHL) in developing countries.
  • METHODS: A retrospective/prospective study of patients with HIV-related sNHL from the Guillermo Almenara General Hospital in Lima, Peru between 1993 and 2004.
  • Clinical characteristics at diagnosis included age, gender, risk behavior, previous AIDS diagnosis, opportunistic diseases, previous highly active antiretroviral therapy, Karnofsky score, origin, clinical stage and B-cell symptoms of sNHL, and CD4 cell count.
  • Ten patients (30%) had a prior history of AIDS, 14 (42%) had a Karnofsky score of <or=70, and 18 (56%) had clinical stage IV sNHL.
  • Clinical characteristics were similar between B-cell and T-cell lymphoma patients.
  • T-cell lymphoma was less aggressive, and patients with T-cell lymphoma had a better survival rate than those with B-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / epidemiology


54. Berenguer J, Miralles P, Ribera JM, Rubio R, Valencia E, Mahillo B, Pintado V, Palacios R, Montes ML, Téllez MJ, La Cruz J, Torre-Cisneros J, Rodríguez-Arrondo F, Sepúlveda MA, Gutiérrez F, Peralta G, Boix V: Characteristics and outcome of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2008 Apr 1;47(4):422-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characteristics and outcome of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • OBJECTIVES: We analyzed survival, therapeutic response, and prognostic factors in patients with HIV-related Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treated or not with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy


55. Tanaka PY, Pessoa VP Jr, Pracchia LF, Buccheri V, Chamone DA, Calore EE: Hodgkin lymphoma among patients infected with HIV in post-HAART era. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma; 2007 Mar;7(5):364-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hodgkin lymphoma among patients infected with HIV in post-HAART era.
  • BACKGROUND: Hodgkin lymphoma is considered a common type of non-AIDS defining tumor among patients infected with HIV, commonly presenting as a widespread disease and with different pathologic features compared with Hodgkin lymphoma in the general population.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The authors present a retrospective study of 31 patients with Hodgkin lymphoma-HIV attended at 3 Brazilian centers, 2 of them considered reference centers for HIV treatment.
  • On univariate analysis, only CD4 cell count at diagnosis was significantly related to survival.
  • CONCLUSION: This retrospective study shows that for patients with Hodgkin lymphoma development in the HIV setting in these 3 Brazilian centers, there was high complete remission and satisfactory OS rates, comparable with results found for Hodgkin lymphoma in patients without HIV.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy


56. Lascaux AS, Hemery F, Goujard C, Lesprit P, Delfraissy JF, Sobel A, Lepage E, Lévy Y: Beneficial effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the prognosis of AIDS-related systemic non-Hodgkin lymphomas. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses; 2005 Mar;21(3):214-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Beneficial effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the prognosis of AIDS-related systemic non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
  • The influence of HAART on the survival of patients with AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) was evaluated.
  • Patients received uniformly the same chemotherapy regimen according to CD4 cell counts at NHL diagnosis:, patients with CD4 cells below or above 100 cells x 10(6)/liter received CHOP or ACVBP regimens, respectively.
  • At diagnosis of ARL, the median age was 37 years and 22 patients (30%) had prior AIDS-defining events.
  • There was no statistical significant differences in lymphoma extensive stage, presence of B symptoms, meningeal involvement, CD4 cell count at diagnosis, prior AIDS events, or chemotherapy regimens between the two groups.
  • No influence on outcome was found for other variables except for prior AIDS and bone marrow involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality

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  • (PMID = 15795527.001).
  • [ISSN] 0889-2229
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS research and human retroviruses
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Madan RA, Chang VT, Dever LL: An uncommon presentation of HIV-related lymphoma. AIDS Patient Care STDS; 2007 Jul;21(7):443-6
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  • [Title] An uncommon presentation of HIV-related lymphoma.
  • Although highly active antiretroviral therapy has improved the clinical course of patients with HIV, this population remains at a significantly increased risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • Spinal cord compression is a rare presentation of NHL, regardless of the patient population.
  • We encountered a patient with HIV-related NHL who presented with a thoracic spinal cord compression and had a complicated clinical course as a result of the atypical presentation.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology. Spinal Cord Compression / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17651024.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2914
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS patient care and STDs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS Patient Care STDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Cornejo-Juárez P, Volkow-Fernández P, Avilés-Salas A, Calderón-Flores E: AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico. Rev Invest Clin; 2008 Sep-Oct;60(5):375-81
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  • [Title] AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico.
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) associated with HIV became an AIDS-defining condition early in the epidemic and remains the second most common malignancy in patients with AIDS.
  • With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the incidence and mortality of AIDS-related opportunistic infections and Kaposi's sarcoma has fallen dramatically, this trend is not observed so clearly for NHL.
  • Our objective was to review the clinical spectrum of patients with AIDS-associated NHL and to analyze the impact of HAART on survival at an oncological tertiary center.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed all medical records and histopathologic tissue of patients with HIV-associated NHL seen from January 1990 to September 2007 at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia in Mexico City.
  • RESULTS: Eighty seven HIV-positive patients were diagnosed with NHL (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma n=69; Burkitt-like n=8; pleomorphic large cell n=7; low-grade n=2, and angiocentric n=1).
  • Overall, 38 patients (43.7%) achieved complete response to NHL therapy, including only 14.3% patients in the non-HAART compared with 57.6% in the HAART group (p < or = 0.0001).
  • Two patients (7.1%) in the non-HAART were alive compared with 37 (63.8%) in the HAART group (p < or = 0.0001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients with NHL-HIV who were able to receive treatment with HAART and were sufficiently healthy to receive optimal chemotherapy treatment showed a significantly better prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cancer Care Facilities / statistics & numerical data. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19227434.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-8376
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de investigación clínica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Invest. Clin.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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59. Fluri S, Ammann R, Lüthy AR, Hirt A, Aebi C, Duppenthaler A, Leibundgut K: High-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation for children with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2007 Dec;49(7):984-7
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  • [Title] High-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplantation for children with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • In contrast to adults, autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) as part of the salvage strategy after high-dose chemo/radiotherapy in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) related Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is not yet established for children.
  • We report on a 13-year patient with congenital HIV infection and refractory Burkitt lymphoma, who was successfully treated by high-dose therapy (HDT) including rituximab followed by ASCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / therapy. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy. Transplantation Conditioning


60. Akanmu AS: AIDS-associated malignancies. Afr J Med Med Sci; 2006 Dec;35 Suppl:57-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-associated malignancies.
  • Three neoplastic diseases are associated so commonly with HIV infection that each of them has become recognized as an AIDS defining illness.
  • These are Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS), Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) and Cervical Carcinoma.
  • Both KS and NHL were recognized as AIDS associated cancers from the onset of the epidemic in 1981 but carcinoma of the cervix became AIDS defining in 1993.
  • The epidemiology, aetiopathogenesis, clinical manifestation, diagnostic tools and modalities of therapeutic intervention for KS and NHL form the subject of this review.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18050776.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-3913
  • [Journal-full-title] African journal of medicine and medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr J Med Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
  • [Number-of-references] 114
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61. Bolarinwa RA, Ndakotsu MA, Oyekunle AA, Salawu L, Akinola NO, Durosinmi MA: AIDS-related lymphomas in Nigeria. Braz J Infect Dis; 2009 Oct;13(5):359-61
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  • [Title] AIDS-related lymphomas in Nigeria.
  • Aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), including primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma and non-endemic Burkitt's lymphoma have been recognized as AIDS-defining cancers in most developed countries.
  • However, HIV/AIDS epidemics appear not to have been associated with higher incidence of lymphomas in Africa.
  • We therefore carried out this study to highlight the significance or otherwise of HIV/AIDS epidemics in the pathogenesis of lymphomas in a population of Nigerians with the disease.
  • Patients with a histological diagnosis of malignant chronic lymphoproliferative diseases {non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL)} at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals' Complex, Ile-Ife from January 1993 to August 2008 were noted.
  • Those patients confirmed to be HIV/AIDS positive among the cohort with lymphomas were retrospectively studied using their clinical case notes.
  • A total of 391 patients were histologically confirmed to have lymphoma {NHL-109, (27.9%); CLL-76, (19.4%); BL-178, (45.5%) and HL-28, (7.2%)} during the study period.
  • Six of these, five males and one female, ages 24-60 (median = 37.5) years, had NHL while another three, all females (age 50 - 68 years; median = 56 years) had CLL.
  • Patients with NHL presented at advanced stage of the disease (at least clinical stage IIIb), and all those with CLL presented at stage C of the International Working Party Classification.
  • All the HIV-positive patients with NHL succumbed to the disease within one to three weeks of admission into the hospital.
  • The prevalence of AIDS-related lymphomas is 2.3% compared to 4.4% found in the general population.
  • However, it is interesting that no single case of AIDS-associated BL was seen, despite the fact that Burkitt's lymphoma is endemic in this part of the world.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20428636.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4391
  • [Journal-full-title] The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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62. Caimi PF, Barr PM, Berger NA, Lazarus HM: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the elderly. Drugs Aging; 2010 Mar 1;27(3):211-38
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  • [Title] Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the elderly.
  • The expansion of older population segments and the continuous increase in the incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) makes this group of neoplasms an important and growing problem.
  • Older NHL patients have increased risk of therapy-related toxicity as a result of age-related physiological changes and frequent co-morbidities.
  • The comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is one multidisciplinary tool that has been applied successfully to older cancer patients and aids in identification of subjects who will or will not benefit from anti-neoplastic treatment.
  • Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is an aggressive but potentially curable disease.
  • Highly selected individuals up to age 70 years may attain long-term survival benefit from autoHCT, although transplant-related mortality is higher than in younger patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Aging / physiology. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / physiopathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20210368.001).
  • [ISSN] 1179-1969
  • [Journal-full-title] Drugs & aging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Drugs Aging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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63. Krause J: AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Microsc Res Tech; 2005 Nov;68(3-4):168-75
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  • [Title] AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.
  • This work reviews the current status of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) in HIV infected patients.
  • HIV infection remains at significantly increased risk for the development of NHL.
  • A number of genetic abnormalities have been found but additional studies are necessary to understand the etiology and pathogenesis of NHL in the setting of HIV infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / etiology

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  • [Copyright] 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16276515.001).
  • [ISSN] 1059-910X
  • [Journal-full-title] Microscopy research and technique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microsc. Res. Tech.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 50
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64. Wood NH, Feller L, Raubenheimer EJ, Jadwat Y, Meyerov R, Lemmer J: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated extranodal T cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the oral cavity. SADJ; 2008 Apr;63(3):158-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated extranodal T cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the oral cavity.
  • T cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma is characterized by uncontrolled cellular proliferation of immature malignant clones.
  • HIV-associated T cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma comprises a heterogeneous group of lymphoproliferative neoplastic entities classified according to morphological, immunological, genetic and clinical features.
  • Extranodal T cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the oral cavity is uncommon.
  • A case is presented with extranodal T cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma as an initial sign of HIV-infection.
  • The characteristics of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma are discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, T-Cell / diagnosis. Mouth Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18689348.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-4864
  • [Journal-full-title] SADJ : journal of the South African Dental Association = tydskrif van die Suid-Afrikaanse Tandheelkundige Vereniging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] SADJ
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] South Africa
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65. Chao C, Xu L, Abrams D, Leyden W, Horberg M, Towner W, Klein D, Tang B, Silverberg M: Survival of non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients with and without HIV infection in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy. AIDS; 2010 Jul 17;24(11):1765-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Survival of non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients with and without HIV infection in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the survival outcomes for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in HIV-infected vs. uninfected patients from the same integrated healthcare system, and to identify prognostic factors for HIV-related NHL in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy.
  • METHODS: Incident NHL diagnosed between 1996 and 2005 were identified from members of Kaiser Permanente California Health Plans.
  • Two-year all-cause and lymphoma-specific mortality by HIV status were examined using multivariable Poisson regression.
  • Among HIV-infected patients, prognostic factors of demographics, lymphoma, and HIV-related characteristics for the same outcomes were also examined.
  • RESULTS: A total of 259 HIV-infected and 8230 HIV-uninfected incident NHL patients were evaluated.
  • Fifty-nine percent of HIV-infected patients died within 2 years after NHL diagnosis as compared with 30% of HIV-uninfected patients.
  • This elevated mortality risk for HIV-infected patients was similar for all race groups, lymphoma stages, and histologic subtypes.
  • HIV-infected patients with CD4 cell count below 200 cells/microl, prior AIDS-defining illness, or both were also at increased risk for lymphoma-specific mortality as compared with HIV-uninfected patients.
  • Among HIV-infected NHL patients, significant prognostic factors for overall mortality included prior AIDS-defining illness and Burkitt's subtype.
  • CONCLUSION: HIV-infected patients with NHL in the combined antiretroviral therapy era continue to endure substantially higher mortality compared with HIV-uninfected patients with NHL.
  • Better management and therapeutic approaches to extend survival time for HIV-related NHL are needed.

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  • (PMID = 20453630.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5571
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA134234-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI071725-01A1; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K01 AI071725; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA134234-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K01 AI071725-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA134234; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K01AI071725; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA134234
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS198983; NLM/ PMC2895006
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66. Martí-Carvajal AJ, Cardona AF, Rodríguez ML: Interventions for treating AIDS-associated Hodgkin s lymphoma in treatment-naive adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2007;(2):CD006149
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  • [Title] Interventions for treating AIDS-associated Hodgkin s lymphoma in treatment-naive adults.
  • BACKGROUND: Hodgkin's disease (HD) is the most common non-AIDS-defining malignancy in HIV-infected patients.
  • Thus, there is a need to identify the efficacy and safety of different interventions for AIDS-associated HD on overall survival and disease-free survival in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different interventions for treating AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease including chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation (BMT), and gene therapy on overall survival and disease-free survival in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched The Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group Trials Register (September 2006), which comprises references identified from comprehensive electronic database searches and handsearching of relevant journals and abstract books of conference proceedings.
  • MAIN RESULTS: We were unable to find any randomised controlled trials of interventions for treating AIDS-associated HD in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Randomised controlled trials are needed to establish the efficacy and safety of interventions for treating AIDS-associated HD in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17443616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 75
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67. Diamond C, Taylor TH, Im T, Miradi M, Anton-Culver H: Improved survival and chemotherapy response among patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Hematol Oncol; 2006 Sep;24(3):139-45
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Improved survival and chemotherapy response among patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Using the population-based cancer registry, we identified 233 patients with AIDS-related systemic NHL diagnosed in San Diego or Orange County in 1994-1999, of whom 137 were diagnosed 1996-1999.
  • We performed Kaplan-Meier analyses to compare survival between patients who received HAART at NHL diagnosis or thereafter versus untreated patients and Cox proportional hazard models for adjusted survival.
  • Among patients diagnosed with NHL in 1996-1999, 40 (29%) were taking HAART at NHL diagnosis.
  • HAART, chemotherapy, high performance status, and NHL stage < IV were associated with improved survival.
  • Concomitant HAART, completion of > or = 6 chemotherapy cycles, and NHL stage < IV were associated with complete response to chemotherapy.
  • We conclude that HAART should be initiated or continued after NHL diagnosis, including during the period of chemotherapy administration.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 16604565.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07CA096480
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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68. Miralles P, Berenguer J, Ribera JM, grupo de estudio de la afección del sistema nervioso central en linfomas asociados a la infección por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia: [Diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment of central nervous system involvement by non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-infected patients]. Med Clin (Barc); 2010 Sep 18;135(9):417-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Diagnosis, prophylaxis and treatment of central nervous system involvement by non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-infected patients].
  • With the widespread use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) the incidence of systemic non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in patients infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) has declined.
  • Currently, the frequency of meningeal involvement at the time of diagnosis of NHL in HIV-infected patients varies between 3% and 5%.
  • The diagnosis of meningeal lymphoma relies in clinical findings, imaging techniques, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) examination.
  • Flow cytometry is a diagnostic technique with a higher sensitivity and specificity than conventional cytology for the diagnosis of meningeal lymphoma.
  • Until recently, most experts recommended neuromeningeal prophylaxis for all HIV-infected patients with aggressive NHL.
  • There are different regimens of prophylaxis and treatment for meningeal lymphoma.
  • In summary, in the context of an effective HAART, HIV infected patients with NHL have a frequency of CNS involvement by lymphoma similar to that found among immunocompetent hosts.
  • Consequently, indications and regimens for CNS prophylaxis in HIV-infected patients with NHL should not be different than those employed in the general population.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / diagnosis. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2009 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19628233.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-7753
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina clínica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Clin (Barc)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Investigator] Spina M; Sancho JM; Canales MA; de Sevilla AF; Herrero J; López A; Peñalver J; Serrano D
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69. Jacomet C, Lesens O, Villemagne B, Darcha C, Tournilhac O, Henquell C, Cormerais L, Gourdon F, Peigue-Lafeuille H, Travade P, Beytout J, Laurichesse H: [Non Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's lymphomas and HIV: frequency, outcome and immune response under HAART; Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, 1991-2003]. Med Mal Infect; 2006 Mar;36(3):157-62
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  • [Title] [Non Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's lymphomas and HIV: frequency, outcome and immune response under HAART; Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital, 1991-2003].
  • [Transliterated title] Lymphomes non hodgkiniens et hodgkiniens et infection VIH: fréquence, pronostic et reconstitution immune sous trithérapie antirétrovirale; CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, 1991-2003.
  • OBJECTIVES: The authors had for aim to identify cases of non Hodgkin's (NHL) and Hodgkin's (HL) lymphomas in HIV1-infected patients to assess 1) their incidence, before and after 1996, 2) the clinical features and outcome under treatment together with the survival rate of the patients, 3) the immune reconstitution of lymphoma-free patients under HAART.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was made of HIV1-infected patients managed at the Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital from 1991 to 2003 for the diagnosis and treatment of HIV1-related lymphomas.
  • RESULTS: Forty-one patients were included: 35 NHL and 6 HL giving a cumulative incidence rate estimate from 2.4% between 1991 and 1996 to 3.4% between 1997 and 2003 while other opportunistic diseases were decreasing.
  • A high proportion of aggressive and disseminated disease was observed among NHL cases.
  • Complete remission was achieved in 17 (49%) and 5 (83%) NHL and HL cases respectively.
  • The mean survival was 109+/-54 months and was correlated with CD4 cell count at lymphoma diagnosis (univariate analysis).
  • Immune restoration in lymphoma-free patients under HAART is poor.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / drug therapy. HIV-1. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology. Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. CD4 Lymphocyte Count. Cohort Studies. Female. France / epidemiology. Hospitals, University / statistics & numerical data. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome


70. Kaplan LD, Lee JY, Ambinder RF, Sparano JA, Cesarman E, Chadburn A, Levine AM, Scadden DT: Rituximab does not improve clinical outcome in a randomized phase 3 trial of CHOP with or without rituximab in patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma: AIDS-Malignancies Consortium Trial 010. Blood; 2005 Sep 1;106(5):1538-43
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  • [Title] Rituximab does not improve clinical outcome in a randomized phase 3 trial of CHOP with or without rituximab in patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma: AIDS-Malignancies Consortium Trial 010.
  • The addition of rituximab to cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) chemotherapy results in significant improvement in clinical outcome for individuals with non-HIV-associated aggressive B-cell lymphoma.
  • To assess the potential risks and benefits of the addition of rituximab to CHOP for HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (HIV-NHL) 150 patients receiving CHOP for HIV-NHL were randomized (2:1) to receive 375 mg/m(2) rituximab with each chemotherapy cycle (n = 99) or no immunotherapy (n = 50) in a multicenter phase 3 trial.
  • Treatment-related infectious deaths occurred in 14% of patients receiving R-CHOP compared with 2% in the chemotherapy-alone group (P = .035).
  • The addition of rituximab to CHOP in patients with HIV-NHL may be associated with improved tumor responses.

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  • (PMID = 15914552.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / PHS HHS / / U01C-A070 072; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070 054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070 062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA70 058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070 080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070 019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083 038; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083 035; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083 118; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA071 375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070 079; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070 047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070 081
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1895225
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71. Newsom-Davis T, Ahamed E, Bower M: Immunotherapy for HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Expert Opin Biol Ther; 2009 Oct;9(10):1313-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunotherapy for HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • The onset of the AIDS epidemic in 1981 was followed by descriptions of many opportunistic infections as well as several unusual cancers.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) was classified as an AIDS-defining illness within 4 years, and is up to 200 times more common in HIV-positive patients.
  • Here, against a background of the history of immunotherapy, we review clinicopathological features of HIV-associated NHL and discuss current cancer immunotherapeutic treatments including immune reconstitution using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies, radioimmunotherapy, stem cell transplantation, cytokine therapy and vaccination.
  • As the prognosis for HIV-associated NHL nears that of the general population, these approaches are of increasing importance and value.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunotherapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19645631.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-7682
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert opinion on biological therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Opin Biol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Cancer Vaccines; 0 / Cytokines
  • [Number-of-references] 100
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72. Mendiolaza J, Baltasar JF, Anis A, Harrison J, Chen F, Klapholz M, Saric M: Left ventricular non-Hodgkin lymphoma visualized on contrast echocardiography. J Clin Ultrasound; 2007 Oct;35(8):462-4
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  • [Title] Left ventricular non-Hodgkin lymphoma visualized on contrast echocardiography.
  • We present a case of AIDS-related Burkitt's type cardiac lymphoma in a middle-aged woman with Epstein-Barr virus infection and profound immunodeficiency.
  • [MeSH-major] Contrast Media / administration & dosage. Fluorocarbons. Heart Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / ultrasonography

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17373683.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-2751
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical ultrasound : JCU
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Ultrasound
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Fluorocarbons; CK0N3WH0SR / perflutren
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73. Spina M, Chimienti E, Martellotta F, Vaccher E, Berretta M, Zanet E, Lleshi A, Canzonieri V, Bulian P, Tirelli U: Phase 2 study of intrathecal, long-acting liposomal cytarabine in the prophylaxis of lymphomatous meningitis in human immunodeficiency virus-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Cancer; 2010 Mar 15;116(6):1495-501
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  • [Title] Phase 2 study of intrathecal, long-acting liposomal cytarabine in the prophylaxis of lymphomatous meningitis in human immunodeficiency virus-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) develop central nervous system (CNS) progression or recurrence during the course of their disease.
  • Patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-NHL often develop CNS progression despite the use of prophylaxis.
  • METHODS: Between May 2006 and December 2008, a phase 2 study of intrathecal liposomal cytarabine was performed at the dose of 50 mg in 30 patients with HIV-NHL, with the aim of evaluating feasibility and activity for prophylaxis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this first study on prophylaxis of lymphomatous meningitis in HIV-NHL, liposomal cytarabine seems safe and active; it reduces by approximately 50% the number of lumbar punctures, and exposure risk for health staff as well.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytarabine / administration & dosage. HIV Infections / complications. Liposomes. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Meningeal Carcinomatosis / prevention & control


74. Wolf T, Brodt HR, Fichtlscherer S, Mantzsch K, Hoelzer D, Helm EB, Mitrou PS, Chow KU: Changing incidence and prognostic factors of survival in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Feb;46(2):207-15
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  • [Title] Changing incidence and prognostic factors of survival in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is an AIDS-defining disease.
  • We collected data of 214 cases of AIDS-related Lymphoma (ARL) treated at our centre from January 1984 until May 2003 and analysed them using the Kaplan-Meier-, log rank- and Cox proportional hazard-model.
  • The incidence of AIDS-related primary CNS lymphomas (PCNSL) took a comparable, yet more pronounced development.
  • No significant differences could be shown for the use of protease inhibitors as well as for virological response being achieved before the diagnosis of NHL.
  • Classical prognostic factors (CD4 count, prior Kaposi Sarcoma, extranodal manifestation, staging and histological subtype of NHL) were no longer significant for HAART patients in the multivariate analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 15621803.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents
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75. Lim ST, Levine AM: Recent advances in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related lymphoma. CA Cancer J Clin; 2005 Jul-Aug;55(4):229-41; 260-1, 264
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recent advances in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related lymphoma.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients are at an increased risk for developing both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma when compared with the general population.
  • With the remarkable decrease in the incidence of opportunistic infections since the availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), acquired immune deficiency syndrome-related lymphoma (ARL) is now the second most common cancer associated with human immunodeficiency virus after Kaposi sarcoma.
  • Nonetheless, several controversial issues persist, including the optimal timing of HAART with combination chemotherapy, the role of rituximab when incorporated into treatment regimens, and the optimal therapy for patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related Burkitt lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections. Drug Administration Schedule. Humans. Incidence. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Prevalence. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 16020424.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-9235
  • [Journal-full-title] CA: a cancer journal for clinicians
  • [ISO-abbreviation] CA Cancer J Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 52
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76. Carbone A, Gloghini A: AIDS-related lymphomas: from pathogenesis to pathology. Br J Haematol; 2005 Sep;130(5):662-70
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  • [Title] AIDS-related lymphomas: from pathogenesis to pathology.
  • The vast majority of these lymphomas are high-grade B-cell lymphomas: Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with centroblastic (CB) features and DLBCL with immunoblastic (IBL) features;.
  • (2) unusual lymphomas occurring more specifically in HIV-positive patients and include two rare entities, namely 'primary effusion lymphoma' (PEL) and 'plasmablastic lymphoma' of the oral cavity.
  • The pathological heterogeneity of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (AIDS-NHL) reflects the heterogeneity of their associated molecular lesions.
  • In AIDS-BL, the molecular lesions involve activation of cMYC, inactivation of P53, and infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
  • AIDS-IBL infected with EBV are characterised by frequent expression of latent membrane protein 1--an EBV oncoprotein.
  • The biological heterogeneity of AIDS-NHL is highlighted by their histogenetic differences.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV8)-associated lymphomas, which often develop in persons with advanced AIDS, present predominantly as PEL.
  • (2) extracavitary and arise in nodal and/or extranodal sites; and (3) histologically, they usually display a PEL-like morphology and plasma cell-related phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV-1. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin. Sarcoma, Kaposi


77. Corti M, Carolis LD, Solari R, Villafañe MF, Schtirbu R, Lewi D, Narbaitz M: Non Hodgkin's lymphoma with cutaneous involvement in AIDS patients: report of five cases and review of the literature. Braz J Infect Dis; 2010 Jan-Feb;14(1):81-5
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  • [Title] Non Hodgkin's lymphoma with cutaneous involvement in AIDS patients: report of five cases and review of the literature.
  • Cutaneous B cell lymphoma (CBCL) is a lymphoproliferative disorder of neoplastic B cell of the skin with a wide range of clinical manifestations.
  • Skin is one of the common sites for extra-nodal lymphomas in patients with AIDS and B cell type is less common than T cell type.
  • Here, we are presenting 5 patients with cutaneous involvement in the setting of HIV/AIDS disease.
  • Two of them were primary cutaneous non-Hodgkin lymphomas.
  • All were CBCL; 3 were immunoblastic, 1 was plasmablastic, and the other was a Burkitt lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20428660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4391
  • [Journal-full-title] The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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78. Gu Y, Shore RE, Arslan AA, Koenig KL, Liu M, Ibrahim S, Lokshin AE, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A: Circulating cytokines and risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a prospective study. Cancer Causes Control; 2010 Aug;21(8):1323-33
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  • [Title] Circulating cytokines and risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a prospective study.
  • Cytokines play important roles in B-cell activation, proliferation, and apoptosis, thus may be etiologically related to risk of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL).
  • However, the association between circulating levels of cytokines and B-NHL risk has not been prospectively studied in non-HIV populations.
  • The objective of this study was to assess this association by conducting a case-control study nested within a prospective cohort of non-HIV-infected, healthy women.
  • Three other cytokines were marginally associated with risk of B-NHL: TNF-alpha (OR = 1.7, 95% CI = 0.9-3.3, p (trend) = 0.11), sTNF-R2 (OR = 1.9, 95% CI = 0.9-3.5, p (trend) = 0.06), and IL-5 (OR = 0.5, 95% CI = 0.3-1.0, p (trend) = 0.06).
  • No association was observed between B-NHL risk and levels of the other cytokines measured (IL-1beta, IL-1RA, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, IL-12p70, CRP and sTNF-R1).
  • This study suggests that dysregulated cytokines may be involved in B-NHL development.

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  • (PMID = 20373009.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7225
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer causes & control : CCC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Causes Control
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016087; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA098661-07; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P30 ES000260; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098661-08; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES00260; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098661-06A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098661-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098661; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA98661; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA098661-08; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA16087; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA098661-06A2
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS267470; NLM/ PMC3111139
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79. Huhn GD, Badri S, Vibhakar S, Tverdek F, Crank C, Lubelchek R, Max B, Simon D, Sha B, Adeyemi O, Herrera P, Tenorio A, Kessler H, Barker D: Early development of non-hodgkin lymphoma following initiation of newer class antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected patients - implications for immune reconstitution. AIDS Res Ther; 2010;7:44
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Early development of non-hodgkin lymphoma following initiation of newer class antiretroviral therapy among HIV-infected patients - implications for immune reconstitution.
  • BACKGROUND: In the HAART era, the incidence of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is decreasing.
  • We describe cases of NHL among patients with multi-class antiretroviral resistance diagnosed rapidly after initiating newer-class antiretrovirals, and examine the immunologic and virologic factors associated with potential IRIS-mediated NHL.
  • A NHL case was defined as a pathologically-confirmed tissue diagnosis in a patient without prior NHL developing symptoms after starting newer-class antiretrovirals.
  • Mean change in CD4 and log10 VL in NHL cases compared to controls was analyzed at week 12, a time point at which values were collected among all cases.
  • At baseline, the median CD4 and VL for NHL cases (n = 5) versus controls (n = 73) were 44 vs.117 cells/mm3 (p = 0.09) and 5.2 vs. 4.2 log10 (p = 0.06), respectively.
  • The mean increase in CD4 at week 12 in NHL cases compared to controls was 13 (n = 5) vs. 74 (n = 50)(p = 0.284).
  • Mean VL log10 reduction in NHL cases versus controls at week 12 was 2.79 (n = 5) vs. 1.94 (n = 50)(p = 0.045).
  • CONCLUSIONS: An unexpectedly high rate of NHL was detected among treatment-experienced patients achieving a high level of virologic response with newer-class antiretrovirals.
  • We observed trends toward lower baseline CD4 and higher baseline VL in NHL cases, with a significantly greater decline in VL among cases by 12 weeks.
  • HIV-related NHL can occur in the setting of immune reconstitution.
  • Potential immunologic, virologic, and newer-class antiretroviral-specific factors associated with rapid development of NHL warrants further investigation.

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  • (PMID = 21156072.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-6405
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS research and therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS Res Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3022662
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80. Lin L, Lee JY, Kaplan LD, Dezube BJ, Noy A, Krown SE, Levine AM, Yu Y, Hayward GS, Ambinder RF: Effects of chemotherapy in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus DNA in blood. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15):2496-502
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effects of chemotherapy in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus DNA in blood.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the relative frequency with which Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/HHV-8 (KSHV) DNA is detected in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in plasma of patients with AIDS-KS and AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; AIDS-NHL); to determine whether the presence of viral DNA in plasma reflects lysis of tumor cells or reflects the presence of viremia (ie, virion-encapsidated DNA); and to determine the effect of lymphoma therapy on KSHV DNA.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Samples were obtained from patients enrolled in AIDS Malignancy Consortium clinical trials and from healthy donors.
  • RESULTS: In patients with AIDS-KS, KSHV DNA was detected in PBMC (54%) and in plasma (62%).
  • In patients with AIDS-NHL, KSHV DNA was detected in PBMC (19%) and in plasma (22%).
  • In six patients with AIDS-NHL who were treated with chemotherapy (with or without rituximab), KSHV copy number declined in PBMC and in plasma.
  • CONCLUSION: KSHV DNA is sometimes detected in PBMC or in plasma of patients with AIDS-NHL without KS.
  • Among patients with KSHV DNA detected in PBMC or in plasma, copy number does not distinguish between patients with AIDS-NHL and AIDS-KS.
  • KSHV DNA copy number in PBMC and in plasma declined with lymphoma-directed cytotoxic chemotherapy in each of the six patients studied.

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  • (PMID = 19349542.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA96888; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083038; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083035; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070072; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083118; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA071375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070079; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA70081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA70058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA121947; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / DNA, Viral
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2684854
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81. Corti M, Villafañe Fioti MF, Lewi D, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M, de Dios Soler M: [Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of the digestive tract and anexal glands in AIDS patients]. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam; 2006 Dec;36(4):190-6
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Clinical Implications of Immune Reconstitution in AIDS .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of the digestive tract and anexal glands in AIDS patients].
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is the second most common neoplasm among patients with AIDS.
  • One of the major clinical characteristics of AIDS-associated NHL is the high frequency of extra-nodal involvement, including the gastrointestinal tract, at initial presentation.
  • METHODS: From January 1997 to December 2004, 8 cases of NHL of the digestive tract and anexal glands (liver and parotid gland) were observed at the HIV/AIDS division of the Infectious Diseases FJ Muñiz Hospital from Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • No patient was receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) at lymphoma diagnosis.
  • The global incidence of AIDS-associated lymphomas (central nervous system lymphomas, non-Hodgkin lymphomas and Hodgkin lymphoma) during the time of study was 2,9% (54 cases); 17 patients (32%) had diagnosis of systemic NHL; 10 (58,8%) of them were extranodal at the onset of clinical symptoms and 8 (80%) involvement the digestive tract and anexal glands (parotid gland, cavum, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, the right colon in 2 patients and the liver), as primary NHL of high grade and "B" phenotype.
  • Primary duodenal lymphoma was the only Burkitt lymphoma of this serie and we detected the Epstein-Barr virus genome in the biopsy smears of this tumor and in the hepatic lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: NHL of the gastrointestinal tract is a severe complication of advanced HIV/AIDS disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17225446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9033
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Gastroenterol. Latinoam.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Argentina
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82. Rothschild S, Dolder M, Seifert B, Lütolf UM, Ciernik IF: Radiation therapy for HIV-associated diffuse large cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic); 2009 Jul-Aug;8(4):239-48
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

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  • [Title] Radiation therapy for HIV-associated diffuse large cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE: To report the clinical experience with external beam radiotherapy (RT) for AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) with or without the involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) in HIV-infected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / radiotherapy. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / radiotherapy


83. Alexander DD, Mink PJ, Adami HO, Chang ET, Cole P, Mandel JS, Trichopoulos D: The non-Hodgkin lymphomas: a review of the epidemiologic literature. Int J Cancer; 2007;120 Suppl 12:1-39
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The non-Hodgkin lymphomas: a review of the epidemiologic literature.
  • The non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) are a heterogeneous group of B-cell and T-cell neoplasms that arise primarily in the lymph nodes.
  • NHL incidence rates in the US doubled between about 1970 and 1990, and stabilized during the 1990s.
  • NHL accounts for approximately 3.4% of cancer deaths in the US.
  • Although some of the observed patterns in NHL have been related to HIV/AIDS, these conditions cannot fully explain the magnitude of the changes; neither do changes in classification systems nor improved diagnostic capabilities.
  • Family history of NHL or other hematolympho-proliferative cancers and personal history of several autoimmune disorders are associated with increased risk of NHL, but are not likely to account for a large proportion of cases.
  • HIV and other infectious agents, such as human herpesvirus 8 and Epstein-Barr, appear to be associated with differing types of NHL, such as some B-cell lymphomas.
  • Future epidemiologic studies should evaluate associations by NHL type, enhance exposure information collected, and elucidate factors that may identify susceptible (or resistant) subpopulations because of genetic, immunologic or other characteristics.
  • The extent to which the etiology of NHL types may differ is important to resolve in ongoing and future studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17405121.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 684
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84. Epeldegui M, Vendrame E, Martínez-Maza O: HIV-associated immune dysfunction and viral infection: role in the pathogenesis of AIDS-related lymphoma. Immunol Res; 2010 Dec;48(1-3):72-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HIV-associated immune dysfunction and viral infection: role in the pathogenesis of AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • HIV infection is associated with a much higher risk for the development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (AIDS-NHL).
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / immunology. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / immunology. B-Lymphocytes / immunology. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / immunology. HIV / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20717742.001).
  • [ISSN] 1559-0755
  • [Journal-full-title] Immunologic research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Immunol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA073475
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS461037; NLM/ PMC3640300
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85. Martin P, Leonard JP, Coleman M, Furman RR: Durable complete remissions in HIV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma after treatment with only one cycle of chemotherapy complicated by sepsis. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma; 2009 Jun;9(3):247-9
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  • [Title] Durable complete remissions in HIV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma after treatment with only one cycle of chemotherapy complicated by sepsis.
  • The infiltration of nonmalignant cells surrounding the Reed-Sternberg cells within the tumors of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) might be central to the pathophysiology of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. HIV Infections / complications. HIV Infections / therapy. Hodgkin Disease / complications. Hodgkin Disease / therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy. Remission Induction. Sepsis / complications


86. Biggar RJ, Chaturvedi AK, Goedert JJ, Engels EA, HIV/AIDS Cancer Match Study: AIDS-related cancer and severity of immunosuppression in persons with AIDS. J Natl Cancer Inst; 2007 Jun 20;99(12):962-72
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  • [Title] AIDS-related cancer and severity of immunosuppression in persons with AIDS.
  • BACKGROUND: The incidence of Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical cancer has been declining among persons with AIDS.
  • METHODS: Data from US AIDS registries were linked to local cancer registry data.
  • Cancer incidence per 100,000 person-years was determined for the 4-27 months from the onset of AIDS from January 1, 1990, through December 31, 1995--before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) became available--and from January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2002.
  • The relationships between CD4 count at AIDS onset and cancer incidence were assessed by proportional hazards models.
  • RESULTS: Among 325,516 adults with AIDS, the incidence of Kaposi sarcoma was lower in 1996-2002 (334.6 cases per 100,000 person-years) than in 1990-1995 (1838.9 cases per 100,000 person-years), and the incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma followed a similar pattern (i.e., 390.1 cases per 100,000 person-years in 1996-2002 and 1066.2 cases per 100,000 person-years in 1990-1995).
  • In 1996-2002, for each decline in CD4 cell count of 50 cells per microliter of blood, increased risks were found for Kaposi sarcoma (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.40, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.33 to 1.50), for central nervous system non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes (HR = 1.85, 95% CI = 1.58 to 2.16), and for non-central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (HR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.04 to 1.20) but not for non-central nervous system Burkitt lymphoma (HR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.81 to 1.06).
  • After adjustment for age, race, and sex or mode of HIV exposure, the risks for Kaposi sarcoma (RR = 0.22, 95% CI = 0.20 to 0.24) and for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (RR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.36 to 0.44) were lower in the period of 1996-2002 than in 1990-1995.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Both before and after HAART was available, CD4 count was strongly associated with risks for Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma but not for cervical cancer and Burkitt lymphoma.
  • The decreasing incidences of most AIDS-associated cancers in persons with AIDS during the 1990s are consistent with improving CD4 counts after HAART introduction in 1996.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Burkitt Lymphoma / epidemiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / immunology. Burkitt Lymphoma / virology. CD4 Lymphocyte Count. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / immunology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 17565153.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2105
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Natl. Cancer Inst.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Spina M, Jaeger U, Sparano JA, Talamini R, Simonelli C, Michieli M, Rossi G, Nigra E, Berretta M, Cattaneo C, Rieger AC, Vaccher E, Tirelli U: Rituximab plus infusional cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and etoposide in HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma: pooled results from 3 phase 2 trials. Blood; 2005 Mar 1;105(5):1891-7
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  • [Title] Rituximab plus infusional cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and etoposide in HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma: pooled results from 3 phase 2 trials.
  • Evidence suggests that infusional therapy is a more effective means for administering cytotoxic therapy than intravenous bolus therapy for lymphoma and offers greater potential for therapeutic synergy with rituximab, which has a long half-life.
  • We pooled the results of 3 prospective phase 2 trials evaluating rituximab in combination with 96-hour infusion of cyclophosphamide (187.5-200 mg/m2 per day), doxorubicin (12.5 mg/m2 per day), and etoposide (60 mg/m2 per day) (R-CDE) plus granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in 74 patients with HIV-associated, B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, of whom 56 (76%) patients received concurrent highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • R-CDE produced a 70% CR rate and a 59% 2-year failure-free survival rate in patients with HIV-associated lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Etoposide / administration & dosage. Female. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / administration & dosage. Humans. Infection. Infusions, Intravenous. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / mortality. Male. Middle Aged. Opportunistic Infections. Remission Induction. Rituximab. Survival Analysis

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  • [CommentIn] Blood. 2005 Mar 1;105(5):1842 [15747398.001]
  • (PMID = 15550484.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
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88. Simcock M, Blasko M, Karrer U, Bertisch B, Pless M, Blumer L, Vora S, Robinson JO, Bernasconi E, Terziroli B, Moirandat-Rytz S, Furrer H, Hirschel B, Vernazza P, Sendi P, Rickenbach M, Bucher HC, Battegay M, Koller MT, Swiss HIV Cohort Study: Treatment and prognosis of AIDS-related lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: findings from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study. Antivir Ther; 2007;12(6):931-9
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  • [Title] Treatment and prognosis of AIDS-related lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: findings from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the characteristics of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) administered concomitantly with chemotherapy and to establish prognostic determinants of patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • METHODS: The study included 91 patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study enrolled between January 1997 and October 2003, excluding lymphomas of the brain.
  • We extracted AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma- and HIV-specific variables at the time of lymphoma diagnosis as well as treatment changes over time from charts and from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study database.
  • The effect of cART interruptions on AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma prognosis remains unclear, however, hepatitis C seropositivity emerged-as a predictor of death beyond the well-known international prognostic index score and CD4+ T-cell count.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy


89. Wagner-Johnston ND, Ambinder RF: Blood and marrow transplant for lymphoma patients with HIV/AIDS. Curr Opin Oncol; 2008 Mar;20(2):201-5
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  • [Title] Blood and marrow transplant for lymphoma patients with HIV/AIDS.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Important strides in the management of patients with HIV/AIDS-related lymphomas have been made in recent years.
  • This review will discuss the role of bone marrow or peripheral stem-cell transplantation as a modality for patients with HIV and lymphoma.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: In the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy, patients with HIV-associated lymphoma are generally being treated with standard or only slightly modified chemotherapy regimens.
  • Autologous bone marrow and stem-cell transplant approaches in lymphoma patients have been successful.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Transplantation. HIV Infections / complications. HIV Infections / therapy. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology

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  • (PMID = 18300771.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA006973; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095423
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 27
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS281898; NLM/ PMC4138614
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90. Villafañe MF, Trione N, Corti M, Mendez N, Gancedo E, Zamora N, Levin M: Primary liver AIDS-related lympoma. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo; 2006 Jul-Aug;48(4):229-31
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  • [Title] Primary liver AIDS-related lympoma.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) are the second most frequent malignancies in AIDS patients.
  • The majority of NHL associated with AIDS involves extranodal sites, especially the digestive tract and the central nervous system.
  • Primary liver lymphoma (PLL) is an uncommon neoplasm among these patients.
  • Ultrasonography and computed tomography scans may be helpful in the diagnosis of focal hepatic lymphoma.
  • Image-guided fine-needle biopsy with histopathology of the liver lesions is the gold standard for the diagnosis of hepatic lymphoma.
  • We report a case of PLL as the initial manifestation of AIDS in a patient without any previous infection by hepatitis C or B virus, presented as multiple and large hepatic masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17119682.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-4665
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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91. Fan H, Kim SC, Chima CO, Israel BF, Lawless KM, Eagan PA, Elmore S, Moore DT, Schichman SA, Swinnen LJ, Gulley ML: Epstein-Barr viral load as a marker of lymphoma in AIDS patients. J Med Virol; 2005 Jan;75(1):59-69
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epstein-Barr viral load as a marker of lymphoma in AIDS patients.
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is implicated in the pathogenesis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) lymphoma, and viral DNA is present within the malignant cells in about half of affected patients.
  • We examined the extent to which EBV viral load is elevated in the plasma of AIDS lymphoma patients compared to AIDS patients with opportunistic infections.
  • Sixty-one AIDS patients were studied including 35 with lymphoma (24 non-Hodgkin, six Hodgkin, and five brain lymphoma) and 26 with various opportunistic infections.
  • In situ hybridization revealed EBV encoded RNA (EBER) expression in the malignant cells of 17/28 AIDS lymphomas (61%).
  • In 232 serial plasma samples from 35 lymphoma patients and in 128 samples from AIDS controls, EBV viral load was assayed by quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) using a TaqMan probe targeting the BamH1W sequence.
  • EBV was detected in plasma from all 17 EBER-positive AIDS lymphoma patients, with viral loads ranging from 34 to 1,500,000 copies per ml (median 3,210).
  • Viral load usually fell rapidly upon initiation of lymphoma therapy and remained undetectable except in two patients with persistent tumor.
  • In 11 AIDS patients, whose lymphoma lacked EBER expression, and in 26 control patients without lymphoma, levels of EBV in plasma were usually low or undetectable (range 0-1,995 and 0-2,409, median 0 and 0, respectively).
  • In conclusion, EBV viral load shows promise as a tool to assist in diagnosis and management of EBV-related lymphoma patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. DNA, Viral / blood. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / diagnosis. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15543571.001).
  • [ISSN] 0146-6615
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Med. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / RNA, Viral
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92. Chaturvedi AK, Mbulaiteye SM, Engels EA: Underestimation of relative risks by standardized incidence ratios for AIDS-related cancers. Ann Epidemiol; 2008 Mar;18(3):230-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Underestimation of relative risks by standardized incidence ratios for AIDS-related cancers.
  • PURPOSE: Registry-based studies provide valuable data regarding cancer risk among people with HIV/AIDS (PWHA).
  • However, SIR may underestimate RR when HIV/AIDS prevalence in the general population or RR is high.
  • We quantified the extent of this underestimation for 3 AIDS-related cancers: Kaposi sarcoma (KS), central nervous system non-Hodgkin lymphoma (CNS NHL) and cervical cancer.
  • HIV/AIDS Cancer Match Study.
  • (1) SIRs calculated using pre-AIDS era (1973-1979) cancer incidence rates (SIRpre-AIDS) and (2) SIRs calculated after subtraction of cancers known to be among PWHA from general population rates (SIRexclusion).
  • RESULTS: For KS and CNS NHL, SIRs (117.8 and 133.9, respectively) calculated using overall general population rates substantially underestimated both SIRpre-AIDS (19,778 and 3,612, respectively) and SIRexclusion (657.7 and 536.4, respectively).
  • For KS and CNS NHL, SIRs were higher in females than in males.
  • However, SIRpre-AIDS and SIRexclusion estimates were more similar, indicating that SIR differences artifactually reflect differences in HIV/AIDS prevalence between males and females.
  • For KS and CNS NHL, trends across calendar time were weaker in SIRs than in SIRpre-AIDS and SIRexclusion.
  • CONCLUSION: For KS and CNS NHL, SIRs substantially underestimate RRs.
  • This underestimation arises from the exceptionally high relative risk of KS and CNS NHL among PWHA.
  • SIRs must be interpreted cautiously when HIV/AIDS prevalence is high or varies across groups of interest.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / epidemiology. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology


93. Re A, Michieli M, Casari S, Allione B, Cattaneo C, Rupolo M, Spina M, Manuele R, Vaccher E, Mazzucato M, Abbruzzese L, Ferremi P, Carosi G, Tirelli U, Rossi G: High-dose therapy and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation as salvage treatment for AIDS-related lymphoma: long-term results of the Italian Cooperative Group on AIDS and Tumors (GICAT) study with analysis of prognostic factors. Blood; 2009 Aug 13;114(7):1306-13
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  • [Title] High-dose therapy and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation as salvage treatment for AIDS-related lymphoma: long-term results of the Italian Cooperative Group on AIDS and Tumors (GICAT) study with analysis of prognostic factors.
  • After the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), intensive treatment, including high-dose therapy (HDT) and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT), has become feasible in HIV-positive patients with Hodgkin (HL) and non-Hodgkin (NHL) lymphoma.
  • Herein, we report the long-term results, on an intention-to-treat basis, of a prospective study on HDT and PBSCT in 50 HIV-positive HAART-responding patients with refractory/relapsed lymphoma.
  • Only lymphoma response significantly affected OS after transplantation.
  • In multivariate analyses both lymphoma stage and low CD4 count negatively influenced the possibility to receive transplant.
  • PBSCT is a highly effective salvage treatment for chemosensitive AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • It seems rational to explore its use earlier during the course of lymphoma to increase the proportion of patients who can actually receive transplant.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / therapy. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Hodgkin Disease / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation


94. Sawka CA, Shepherd FA, Franssen E, Brandwein J, Dotten DA, Routy JP, Walker IR, St-Louis J, Taylor M, Arts K, Crump M, Foote M: A prospective, non-randomised phase 1-2 trial of VACOP-B with filgrastim support for HIV-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Biotechnol Annu Rev; 2005;11:381-9
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  • [Title] A prospective, non-randomised phase 1-2 trial of VACOP-B with filgrastim support for HIV-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) remains an important complication of associated HIV infection despite advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART), and the optimum chemotherapy regimen for this disease remains to be defined.
  • Patients with aggressive histology HIV-related NHL who were previously untreated with chemotherapy, and who had no active opportunistic infection were eligible for the study.
  • Forty-seven patients were enrolled, most with diffuse large-cell or immunoblastic NHL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16216784.001).
  • [ISSN] 1387-2656
  • [Journal-full-title] Biotechnology annual review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biotechnol Annu Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; PVI5M0M1GW / Filgrastim; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; VACOP-B protocol
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95. Phatak UA, Joshi R, Badakh DK, Gosavi VS, Phatak JU, Jagdale RV: AIDS-associated cancers: an emerging challenge. J Assoc Physicians India; 2010 Mar;58:159-62
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  • [Title] AIDS-associated cancers: an emerging challenge.
  • OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence and effects of anti-retroviral therapy along with cancer chemotherapy on outcome of AIDS associated Cancers in Indian patients.
  • 46 AIDS-associated cancers were identified.
  • RESULTS: Incidence of AIDS-associated cancers was 1.2 percent.
  • AIDS-Defining Cancers (ADC) were seen in 26 (54.35%) while non-AIDS-Defining Cancers (NADC) were observed in 21 (45.65%).
  • Non Hodgkin Lymphoma was the commonest form of AIDS-defining cancers in 21 (84%) patients, cervical cancers in 4 (16%) women while there was not a single case of Kaposi's Sarcoma.
  • AIDS associated cancers were common in males.
  • CONCLUSIONS: AIDS-associated cancers are seen in advanced stage of HIV infection.
  • Cervical cancers and non-AIDS-defining cancers do not show predictable response to anti-retroviral therapy.
  • Mortality in non-AIDS related cancers was significantly higher than AIDS related cancers.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Incidence. India / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology. Male. Middle Aged. Sex Distribution. Treatment Outcome. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / complications. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / drug therapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology. Young Adult


96. Guech-Ongey M, Simard EP, Anderson WF, Engels EA, Bhatia K, Devesa SS, Mbulaiteye SM: AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma in the United States: what do age and CD4 lymphocyte patterns tell us about etiology and/or biology? Blood; 2010 Dec 16;116(25):5600-4
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  • [Title] AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma in the United States: what do age and CD4 lymphocyte patterns tell us about etiology and/or biology?
  • Trimodal or bimodal age-specific incidence rates for Burkitt lymphoma (BL) were observed in the United States general population, but the role of immunosuppression could not be excluded.
  • Incidence rates, rate ratios, and 95% confidence intervals for BL and other non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), by age and CD4 lymphocyte count categories, were estimated using Poisson regression models using data from the United States HIV/AIDS Cancer Match study (1980-2005).
  • BL incidence was 22 cases per 100 000 person-years and 586 for non-BL NHL.
  • Adjusted BL incidence rate ratio among males was 1.6× that among females and among non-Hispanic blacks, 0.4× that among non-Hispanic whites, but unrelated to HIV-transmission category.
  • Non-BL NHL incidence increased from childhood to adulthood; in contrast, 2 age-specific incidence peaks during the pediatric and adult/geriatric years were observed for BL.
  • Non-BL NHL incidence rose steadily with decreasing CD4 lymphocyte counts; in contrast, BL incidence was lowest among people with ≤ 50 CD4 lymphocytes/μL versus those with ≥ 250 CD4 lymphocytes/μL (incidence rate ratio 0.3 [95% confidence interval = 0.2-0.6]).
  • The bimodal peaks for BL, in contrast to non-BL NHL, suggest effects of noncumulative risk factors at different ages.

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  • (PMID = 20813897.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / N01CO12400; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N02CP31003; United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3031406
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97. Morton LM, Curtis RE, Linet MS, Bluhm EC, Tucker MA, Caporaso N, Ries LA, Fraumeni JF Jr: Second malignancy risks after non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia: differences by lymphoma subtype. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Nov 20;28(33):4935-44
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  • [Title] Second malignancy risks after non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia: differences by lymphoma subtype.
  • PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown increased risks of second malignancies after non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); however, no earlier investigation has quantified differences in risk of new malignancy by lymphoma subtype.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated second cancer and leukemia risks among 43,145 1-year survivors of CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), or follicular lymphoma (FL) from 11 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) population-based registries during 1992 to 2006.
  • RESULTS: Among patients without HIV/AIDS-related lymphoma, lung cancer risks were significantly elevated after CLL/SLL and FL but not after DLBCL (standardized incidence ratio [SIR], CLL/SLL = 1.42, FL = 1.28, DLBCL = 1.00; Poisson regression P for difference among subtypes, P(Diff) = .001).
  • Patients with HIV/AIDS-related lymphoma (n = 932) were predominantly diagnosed with DLBCL and had significantly and substantially elevated risks for second anal cancer (SIR = 120.50) and Kaposi's sarcoma (SIR = 138.90).
  • CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that differing immunologic alterations, treatments (eg, alkylating agent chemotherapy), genetic susceptibilities, and other risk factors (eg, viral infections, tobacco use) among lymphoma subtypes contribute to the patterns of second malignancy risk.
  • Elucidating these patterns may provide etiologic clues to lymphoma as well as to the second malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 20940199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3020697
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98. Baeuerle M, Schmitt-Haendle M, Taubald A, Mueller S, Walter H, Pfeiffer C, Manger B, Harrer T: Severe HIV-1 encephalitis and development of cerebral non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a patient with persistent strong HIV-1 replication in the brain despite potent HAART -- case report and review of the literature. Eur J Med Res; 2005 Jul 29;10(7):309-16
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  • [Title] Severe HIV-1 encephalitis and development of cerebral non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a patient with persistent strong HIV-1 replication in the brain despite potent HAART -- case report and review of the literature.
  • 17 months after start of HAART, the patient developed a cerebral Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, leading to his death despite radiation therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS Dementia Complex / complications. Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active / methods. Brain Neoplasms / etiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / etiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / etiology


99. Nguyen ML, Farrell KJ, Gunthel CJ: Non-AIDS-Defining Malignancies in Patients with HIV in the HAART Era. Curr Infect Dis Rep; 2010 Jan;12(1):46-55

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Non-AIDS-Defining Malignancies in Patients with HIV in the HAART Era.
  • The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has drastically changed the scope and spectrum of diseases associated with HIV, shifting from AIDS-related to non-AIDS-related diseases.
  • Studies linking HIV/AIDS databases to cancer registries have shown a dramatic decrease in AIDS-related malignancies and a steady increase in non-AIDS-defining malignancies (NADM).
  • Meta-analysis of published studies show an increase in NADM over the general population, mostly among infection-related cancers such as anal cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma, and liver cancer.
  • Among the non-infection-related cancers, lung and skin cancers predominate.

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  • (PMID = 21308498.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-3146
  • [Journal-full-title] Current infectious disease reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Infect Dis Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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100. El-Salem M, Raghunath PN, Marzec M, Liu X, Kasprzycka M, Robertson E, Wasik MA: Activation of mTORC1 signaling pathway in AIDS-related lymphomas. Am J Pathol; 2009 Aug;175(2):817-24
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  • [Title] Activation of mTORC1 signaling pathway in AIDS-related lymphomas.
  • Using immunohistochemistry with antibodies against the phosphoserine residues in both S6rp and 4E binding protein 1, we identified the activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTORC)1 pathway in 29 cases of AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • These cases represented a diverse spectrum of histological types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (24 cases) and classic Hodgkin lymphoma (five cases).
  • We also found that in B-cell lines that represent diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, Burkitt lymphoma, Epstein-Barr virus-infected lymphocytes, and human herpesvirus 8-positive primary effusion lymphoma, inhibitors of Syk, MEK, and, seemingly, phosphoinositide 3 kinases suppressed mTORC1 activation, in particular when these inhibitors were used in combination.
  • These findings indicate that AIDS-related lymphoma and other histologically similar types of lymphomas that are derived from transformed B lymphocytes may display clinical responses to inhibitors that directly target mTORC1 or, possibly, upstream activators of the mTORC1 pathway.

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  • (PMID = 19608873.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-2191
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA089194; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE017337; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA89194; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01-DE-017337
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Phospho-Specific; 0 / Multiprotein Complexes; 0 / Proteins; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1; 17885-08-4 / Phosphoserine; EC 2.7.1.1 / TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2716976
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