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1. Tirado-Ramos A, Saltz J, Lechowicz MJ: HIV-K: an integrative knowledge base for semantic integration of AIDS-related malignancy data and treatment outcomes. Stud Health Technol Inform; 2010;159:239-43
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  • [Title] HIV-K: an integrative knowledge base for semantic integration of AIDS-related malignancy data and treatment outcomes.
  • Technological innovations such as web services and collaborative Grid platforms like caGrid can create opportunities to converge the worlds of health care and clinical research, by facilitating access and integration of HIV-related malignancy clinical and outcomes data at more sophisticated, semantic levels.
  • At the same time, large numbers of randomized clinical trial and outcomes data on AIDS-defining malignancies (ADM) and non-AIDS-defining malignancies (nADM) have been produced during the last few years.
  • This is a white paper on work in progress from Emory University's HIV/AIDS related malignancy data integrative knowledge base project (HIV-K).
  • We are working to increase the understanding of available clinical trial data and outcomes of ADM such as lymphoma, as well as nADM such as anal cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma, or liver cancer.
  • Our hypothesis is that, by creating prototypes of tools for semantics-enabled integrative knowledge bases for HIV/AIDS-related malignancy data, we will facilitate the identification of patterns and potential new overall evidence, as well as the linking of integrated data and results to registries of interest.
  • [MeSH-major] Databases, Factual. HIV-1. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy. Semantics

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  • (PMID = 20543443.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9630
  • [Journal-full-title] Studies in health technology and informatics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stud Health Technol Inform
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI050409; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI050409; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI050409-11; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR025008; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR025008-04; United States / NCATS NIH HHS / TR / UL1 TR000454
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS315000; NLM/ PMC3157699
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2. Ayers LW, Silver S, McGrath MS, Orenstein JM: The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource: role in HIV/AIDS scientific discovery. Infect Agent Cancer; 2007;2:7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource: role in HIV/AIDS scientific discovery.
  • The AIDS Cancer and Specimen Resource (ACSR) supports scientific discovery in the area of HIV/AIDS-associated malignancies.
  • The ACSR was established as a cooperative agreement between the NCI (Office of the Director, Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis) and regional consortia, University of California, San Francisco (West Coast), George Washington University (East Coast) and Ohio State University (Mid-Region) to collect, preserve and disperse HIV-related tissues and biologic fluids and controls along with clinical data to qualified investigators.
  • ACSR also provides tissue microarrays of, e.g., Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, for biomarker assays and has developed collaborations with other groups that provide access to additional AIDS-related malignancy specimens.
  • The ACSR promotes the scientific exploration of the relationship between HIV/AIDS and malignancy by participation at national and international scientific meetings, contact with investigators who have productive research in this area and identifying, collecting, preserving, enhancing, and dispersing HIV/AIDS-related malignancy specimens to funded, approved researchers at no fee.

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  • (PMID = 17335575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-9378
  • [Journal-full-title] Infectious agents and cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Agents Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066531
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1851770
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3. Kiertiburanakul S, Likhitpongwit S, Ratanasiri S, Sungkanuparph S: Malignancies in HIV-infected Thai patients. HIV Med; 2007 Jul;8(5):322-3
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  • [Title] Malignancies in HIV-infected Thai patients.
  • Of 1416 HIV-infected patients seen at Ramathibodi Hospital over a 5-year period (1999-2003), 42 were diagnosed with malignancies, giving a prevalence of 3%.
  • AIDS-related malignancies were found in 26 patients (62%).
  • The most common AIDS-related malignancies were non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) (33%), cervical cancer (21%) and Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) (5%).
  • Breast cancer was the most common non-AIDS-related malignancy (10%).
  • The 75% survival time of patients who received treatment for their malignancy was longer than that of patients who received no treatment (18.3 vs 1.2 months; P<0.01).

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  • (PMID = 17561879.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-2662
  • [Journal-full-title] HIV medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HIV Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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4. Makombe SD, Harries AD, Yu JK, Hochgesang M, Mhango E, Weigel R, Pasulani O, Fitzgerald M, Schouten EJ, Libamba E: Outcomes of patients with Kaposi's sarcoma who start antiretroviral therapy under routine programme conditions in Malawi. Trop Doct; 2008 Jan;38(1):5-7
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  • AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is the most common AIDS-related malignancy in sub-Saharan Africa, with a generally unfavourable prognosis.

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  • (PMID = 18302849.001).
  • [ISSN] 0049-4755
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical doctor
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop Doct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents
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5. Rochford R, Feuer G, Orem J, Banura C, Katongole-Mbidde E, Mwanda WO, Moormann A, Harrington WJ, Remick SC: Strategies to overcome myelotoxic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. East Afr Med J; 2005 Sep;82(9 Suppl):S155-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Strategies to overcome myelotoxic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Strategies to circumvent or lessen the myelotoxicity associated with combination chemotherapy may improve the overall outcome of the management of patients particularly in resource poor settings.
  • OBJECTIVES: To develop effective non-myelotoxic therapies for Burkitt's Lymphoma (BL) and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Myelotoxic death rates using multi-agent induction chemotherapy approach 25% for endemic Burkitt's lymphoma and range between 20% to 60% for AIDS-related malignancy.
  • This is mostly explained by the paucity of supportive care compounded by wasting and inanition attributable to advanced cancer and HIV infection making patients more susceptible to myelosuppressive side effects of cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Investigations and alternative approaches that lessen or circumvent myelotoxicity of traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy for the management of Burkitt's lymphoma and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the resource-constrained setting are warranted.
  • This can be achieved by developing targeted anti-viral and other strategies, such as the use of bryostatin 1 and vincristine, and by developing a preclinical mouse model to frame the clinical rationale for a pilot trial of metronomic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • Implementation of these investigational approaches must be encouraged as viable anti-cancer therapeutic strategies particularly in the resource-constrained settings.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Macrolides / therapeutic use. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16619692.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] East African medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] East Afr Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Kenya
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Bryostatins; 0 / Macrolides; 37O2X55Y9E / bryostatin 1; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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6. Cheung MC, Pantanowitz L, Dezube BJ: AIDS-related malignancies: emerging challenges in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Oncologist; 2005 Jun-Jul;10(6):412-26
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related malignancies: emerging challenges in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients are at increased risk of developing cancer, particularly in the later stages of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • Despite the advent of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART), malignancy in this population is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (ARL) are the most common AIDS-defining malignancies.
  • AIDS-related KS varies from minimal to fulminant disease.
  • Treatment decisions for AIDS-related KS are guided largely by the presence and extent of symptomatic disease.
  • Novel therapies that have become available to treat AIDS-related KS include angiogenesis inhibitors and antiviral agents.
  • ARL comprises a heterogeneous group of malignancies.
  • HIV-infected patients also appear to be at increased risk for developing certain non-AIDS-defining cancers, such as Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma.
  • Although the optimal treatment of these neoplasms is at present uncertain, recent advances in chemotherapy, antiretroviral drugs, and supportive care protocols are allowing for more aggressive management of many of the AIDS-related cancers.
  • This article provides an up-to-date review of the epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, and treatment of various AIDS-related malignancies that are likely to be encountered by an oncologist practicing in the current HAART era.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Medical Oncology / trends. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy


7. Zeng Y, Li Y, Chen RS, He X, Yang L, Li W: Overexpression of xCT induces up-regulation of 14-3-3beta in Kaposi's sarcoma. Biosci Rep; 2010 Aug;30(4):277-83
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  • KSHV (Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus), or HHV-8 (human herpesvirus 8), is associated with the pathogenesis of KS, the most common AIDS-related malignancy. xCT (functional subunit of the cystine/glutamate transporter xc- system) is known as the HHV-8 fusion-entry receptor as well as an oncogenic protein.

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  • (PMID = 20100173.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-4935
  • [Journal-full-title] Bioscience reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biosci. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 14-3-3 Proteins; 0 / Amino Acid Transport System y+; 0 / SLC7A11 protein, human; 0 / Slc7a11 protein, mouse
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2860696
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8. Alcendor D, Knobel S: Identifying dysregulated genes induced by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). J Vis Exp; 2010 Sep 14;(43)
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Identifying dysregulated genes induced by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV).
  • Currently KS is the most predominant HIV/AIDS related malignancy in Southern Africa and hence the world.
  • Only 1-5% of cells in KS lesions actively support lytic replication of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV), the etiological agent associated with KS, and it is clear that cellular factors must interact with viral factors in the process of oncogenesis and tumor progression.

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  • (PMID = 20864930.001).
  • [ISSN] 1940-087X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Vis Exp
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 5U54 RR019192-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA113239; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI054999; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20RR011792; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P20 RR011792; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI054999-05; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / U54 RR019192
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Video-Audio Media
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3157874
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9. Orem J, Otieno MW, Remick SC: Challenges and opportunities for treatment and research of AIDS-related malignancies in Africa. Curr Opin Oncol; 2006 Sep;18(5):479-86
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Challenges and opportunities for treatment and research of AIDS-related malignancies in Africa.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Following our review of AIDS-associated cancer in developing nations in 2004, we sought to update recent publications and review data on the challenges and opportunities for the treatment and research of AIDS malignancies in Africa.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: It is apparent that the burden of AIDS-related malignancies and other virus-associated tumors is significant and increasing in Africa.
  • Several recent studies report findings on conjunctival squamous cell carcinoma and there is a report that Hodgkin's disease, a non-AIDS-defining neoplasm, is increasing in incidence.
  • International collaborative partnerships dedicated to AIDS malignancies in developing countries are feasible and invaluable for clinical strategies to address this aspect of the pandemic.
  • A departure point is the ongoing work of the East Africa - Case Western Reserve University Collaboration in AIDS malignancies.
  • SUMMARY: The burden of neoplastic complications of HIV infection and endemic virus-associated tumors are assuming increasing significance in Africa.

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  • (PMID = 16894296.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8746
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI36219; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA43703; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA70081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA83528; United States / FIC NIH HHS / TW / TW00011
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 56
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10. Chaturvedi AK, Mbulaiteye SM, Engels EA: Underestimation of relative risks by standardized incidence ratios for AIDS-related cancers. Ann Epidemiol; 2008 Mar;18(3):230-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Underestimation of relative risks by standardized incidence ratios for AIDS-related cancers.
  • PURPOSE: Registry-based studies provide valuable data regarding cancer risk among people with HIV/AIDS (PWHA).
  • However, SIR may underestimate RR when HIV/AIDS prevalence in the general population or RR is high.
  • We quantified the extent of this underestimation for 3 AIDS-related cancers: Kaposi sarcoma (KS), central nervous system non-Hodgkin lymphoma (CNS NHL) and cervical cancer.
  • METHODS: We used data on cancer risk among PWHA from the U.S.
  • HIV/AIDS Cancer Match Study.
  • (1) SIRs calculated using pre-AIDS era (1973-1979) cancer incidence rates (SIRpre-AIDS) and (2) SIRs calculated after subtraction of cancers known to be among PWHA from general population rates (SIRexclusion).
  • RESULTS: For KS and CNS NHL, SIRs (117.8 and 133.9, respectively) calculated using overall general population rates substantially underestimated both SIRpre-AIDS (19,778 and 3,612, respectively) and SIRexclusion (657.7 and 536.4, respectively).
  • In contrast, the extent of underestimation was negligible for cervical cancer (SIR = 4.9 vs. SIRexclusion = 5.1).
  • However, SIRpre-AIDS and SIRexclusion estimates were more similar, indicating that SIR differences artifactually reflect differences in HIV/AIDS prevalence between males and females.
  • For KS and CNS NHL, trends across calendar time were weaker in SIRs than in SIRpre-AIDS and SIRexclusion.
  • SIRs must be interpreted cautiously when HIV/AIDS prevalence is high or varies across groups of interest.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / epidemiology. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology


11. Cuéllar Ponce de León LE Sr, Miranda Rosales LM Sr, Biminchumo Zagástegui C, Rosales Cusichaqui R, Flores C Sr, Mas López L Sr, León Chong J Sr: Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related cancer in the pre- and post-highly active antiretroviral therapy era in a national cancer center of a resource-limited country: 1988 to 2007. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e20550

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related cancer in the pre- and post-highly active antiretroviral therapy era in a national cancer center of a resource-limited country: 1988 to 2007.
  • : e20550 Background: The introduction of the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has changed the clinical course of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) related to cancer.
  • The goals were to describe the the characteristics of AIDS related to cancer before and after HAART in patients in a Hospital of a resource-limited country.
  • The number of invasive cervical cancer (CC) and AIDS-related lymphomas (ARLs) increased in the Post HAART era; the number on non-HIV/AIDS related to cancer has decreased.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of HAART has reduced the number of non-VIH/AIDS related cancer, but have increased the CC and LNH and improved the survival of patients.

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  • (PMID = 27961054.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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12. Krishnan A, Forman SJ: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for AIDS-related malignancies. Curr Opin Oncol; 2010 Sep;22(5):456-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for AIDS-related malignancies.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: AIDS-related malignancies are an ongoing cause of mortality in individuals with HIV infection.
  • In the HIV-negative setting, high-dose chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation is an option for patients with hematologic malignancies.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Early autologous stem cell transplantation has studies had high relapse rates but they demonstrated that mobilization and engraftment of autologous stem cells were possible in AIDS patients.
  • Recently, in less advanced AIDS lymphoma, autologous stem cell transplantation has resulted in low transplant-related mortality and durable remissions.
  • In addition, case-control studies of HIV-positive versus HIV-negative lymphoma patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation have shown similar transplant-related mortality and overall survival.
  • SUMMARY: The potential future applications of autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation are the cure of the malignancy as well as the underlying HIV infection by either transplantation of naturally resistant or genetically modified stem cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20639760.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA030206; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA033572; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA033572; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA107399
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS427480; NLM/ PMC3537514
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13. Sampaio J, Brites C, Araujo I, Bacchi CE, Dittmer DP, Tanaka PY, Harrington W Jr, Netto EM: AIDS related malignancies in Brazil. Curr Opin Oncol; 2007 Sep;19(5):476-8
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS related malignancies in Brazil.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There have been relatively few studies of HIV-related malignancies in Brazil.
  • Universal access to antiretroviral drugs in Brazil has changed both the mortality and morbidity rates of AIDS.
  • Nevertheless, there is also extreme poverty in both urban and rural areas and complications of prolonged immune suppression such as mycobacterial and malignant diseases have put a significant strain on the country's healthcare system.
  • This brief review outlines the existing data regarding AIDS related malignancies in the largest Latin American country.
  • In the studies done of HIV malignancies in Brazil, it appears that these tumors are histologically similar to those that occur in other equatorial countries and differ somewhat from those seen in Europe and the US.
  • SUMMARY: The existence of federally sponsored highly active antiretroviral therapy, clinicians and healthcare providers experienced in the care of HIV patients and high incidence of malignancies associated with oncogenic viruses make Brazil an important site for clinical and basic research in AIDS and immunodeficiency related malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 17762574.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8746
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA109232-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA109232-03S1; United States / FIC NIH HHS / TW / D43 TW000017; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109232; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA163217; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109232-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA109232-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA109232-01; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304-01; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA109232-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109232-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109232-02; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA70058; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304-03; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109232-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109232-03S1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109232-03; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA109232-04; United States / FIC NIH HHS / TW / 5D43 TW00017-18
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 22
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS191349; NLM/ PMC2855639
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14. Warley E, Tamayo Antabak N, Desse J, De Luca A, Warley F, Fernández Galimberti G, D'Agostino G, Quintas L, Szyld E: [Development of AIDS-related malignancies and infections after starting HAART]. Medicina (B Aires); 2010;70(1):49-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Development of AIDS-related malignancies and infections after starting HAART].
  • In order to evaluate the incidence rate and possible risk factors associated with AIDS-related malignancies and infections (ARMI) we performed data analysis of clinical charts of HIV patients in two hospital cohorts, that started high activity antiretroviral therapy (HAART) between July 2003 and October 2007.
  • A CD4 cell count < 100/150 was associated with risk of developing ARMI.
  • TB in first place and cryptococcosis in second were the AIDS events more frequently observed.
  • A low CD4 cell count was the only observed risk factor statistically associated with development of ARMI.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / drug therapy. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Neoplasms / epidemiology


15. Cáceres W, Cruz-Amy M, Díaz-Meléndez V: AIDS-related malignancies: revisited. P R Health Sci J; 2010 Mar;29(1):70-5
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related malignancies: revisited.
  • Since the first reports between the association of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and neoplasia, there has been a dramatic change in the incidence and epidemiology of AIDS-related malignancies.
  • Kaposi sarcoma (KS), non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL), and cervical cancer are classified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as AIDS-defining malignancies.
  • However, since the availability of highly active combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), especially protease inhibitors, there has been a steady increase in non- AIDS defining malignancies, such as Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), lung cancer, hepatocellular cancer, anal cancer and others and a decline in AIDS-defining neoplasias.
  • Although the emergence of non-AIDS defining cancers could be a result of longer life expectancy and due to a better control of HIV, toxic habits and co-infection with other viruses such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human papilloma virus (HPV) could play an important role.
  • The interactions of cART and incomplete immune reconstitution could be other factors explaining the increase in non-AIDS defining cancers.
  • These emerging non-AIDS defining malignancies present a new challenge in the care of patients with HIV infection, and require optimal treatment protocols that take into consideration the interaction between cART and systemic chemotherapy.
  • We review the current status of AIDS-related malignancies, its pathophysiology, epidemiology and management with emphasis in the changing patterns of presentation.
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology


16. Arora A, Chiao E, Tyring SK: AIDS malignancies. Cancer Treat Res; 2007;133:21-67
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS malignancies.
  • Among individuals with HIV-infection, coinfection with oncogenic viruses including EBV, HHV-8, and HPV cause significant cancer-related morbidity and mortality.
  • It is clear that these viruses interact with HIV in unique ways that predispose HIV-infected individuals to malignant diseases.
  • In general, treatment directed specifically against these viruses does not appear to change the natural history of the malignant disease, and once the malignancy develops, if their health permits, HIV-infected patients should be treated using similar treatment protocols to HIV-negative patients.
  • However, for the less frequent HIV-related malignancies, such as PEL, or MCD, optimal treatments are still emerging.
  • For certain AIDS-defining malignancies, it is clear that the widespread access to HAART has significantly decreased the incidence, and improved outcomes.
  • However, for other cancers, such as the HPV-related tumors, the role of HAART is much less clear.
  • Further research into prevention and treatment of these oncogenic virally mediated AIDS-related malignancies is necessary.

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  • (PMID = 17672037.001).
  • [ISSN] 0927-3042
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer treatment and research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Treat. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 368
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17. Orem J, Otieno MW, Banura C, Katongole-Mbidde E, Johnson JL, Ayers L, Ghannoum M, Fu P, Feigal EG, Black J, Whalen C, Lederman M, Remick SC: Capacity building for the clinical investigation of AIDS malignancy in East Africa. Cancer Detect Prev; 2005;29(2):133-45
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Capacity building for the clinical investigation of AIDS malignancy in East Africa.
  • PURPOSE: To build capacity in the resource-poor setting to support the clinical investigation and treatment of AIDS-related malignancies in a region of the world hardest hit by the AIDS pandemic.
  • METHODS: An initial MEDLINE database search for international collaborative partnerships dedicated to AIDS malignancies in developing countries failed to identify any leads.
  • Building on the formal Uganda-Case Western Reserve University (Case) Research Collaboration dating back to 1987, established NIH-supported centers of research excellence at Case, and expanding activities in Kenya, scientific and training initiatives, research capital amongst our institutions are emerging to sustain a international research enterprise focused on AIDS and other viral-related malignancies.
  • An oral chemotherapy feasibility trial in AIDS lymphoma is near completion; a second lymphoma trial of byrostatin and vincristine is anticipated and a feasibility trial of indinavir for endemic Kaposi's sarcoma is planned.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of published reports of evolving international partnerships dedicated to AIDS malignancy in resource constrained settings, we feel it important for such progress on similar or related international collaborative pursuits to be published.

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  • (PMID = 15829373.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-090X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer detection and prevention
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Detect. Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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18. Yarchoan R, Tosato G, Little RF: Therapy insight: AIDS-related malignancies--the influence of antiviral therapy on pathogenesis and management. Nat Clin Pract Oncol; 2005 Aug;2(8):406-15; quiz 423
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Therapy insight: AIDS-related malignancies--the influence of antiviral therapy on pathogenesis and management.
  • Patients with HIV infection are at an increased risk of a number of malignancies, including Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and certain B-cell lymphomas.
  • Most of these tumors are caused by oncogenic DNA viruses, including KS-associated herpesvirus and Epstein-Barr virus.
  • The development of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has reduced the incidence of many HIV-associated tumors and has generally improved their responsiveness to therapy.
  • However, the number of people living with AIDS is increasing, and it is possible that the number of AIDS-associated malignancies will rise and the pattern of tumors will change as more people live longer with HIV infection.
  • By contrast, the goal of AIDS-related lymphoma therapy in most cases is the attainment of a complete response with curative intent, and the benefits of administering HAART during therapy must be weighed against possible disadvantages.
  • The past decade has seen substantial improvements in the treatment of AIDS-related lymphoma, which is attributed partially to a shift in tumor type and more effective regimens.
  • There is currently an interest in developing new therapies for HIV-associated malignancies, based on viral, vascular or other pathogenesis-based targets.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Humans. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / physiopathology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy. Sarcoma, Kaposi / physiopathology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology


19. Cheung MC, Hicks LK, Leitch HA: Excessive neurotoxicity with ABVD when combined with protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy in the treatment of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk; 2010 Apr;10(2):E22-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Excessive neurotoxicity with ABVD when combined with protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy in the treatment of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is the second most common non-AIDS-defining malignancy among persons infected with HIV, and its incidence might be increasing in the current era of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).
  • Antiretroviral therapy is commonly prescribed concomitantly with chemotherapy in the treatment of AIDS-related malignancies.
  • In particular, the potential for excessive vinca alkaloid-associated toxicity is significant, given the metabolism of drugs such as vinblastine by the 3A4 isoenzyme of the cytochrome P450 system and the inhibition of this isoenzyme by protease inhibitors.
  • We report 3 patients who experienced severe vinblastine-associated neurotoxicity during concomitant treatment with ritonavirboosted antiretrovirals.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related


20. Biggar RJ, Chaturvedi AK, Goedert JJ, Engels EA, HIV/AIDS Cancer Match Study: AIDS-related cancer and severity of immunosuppression in persons with AIDS. J Natl Cancer Inst; 2007 Jun 20;99(12):962-72
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related cancer and severity of immunosuppression in persons with AIDS.
  • BACKGROUND: The incidence of Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and cervical cancer has been declining among persons with AIDS.
  • We investigated the association between cancer risk and CD4 cell count among such persons.
  • METHODS: Data from US AIDS registries were linked to local cancer registry data.
  • Cancer incidence per 100,000 person-years was determined for the 4-27 months from the onset of AIDS from January 1, 1990, through December 31, 1995--before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) became available--and from January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2002.
  • The relationships between CD4 count at AIDS onset and cancer incidence were assessed by proportional hazards models.
  • RESULTS: Among 325,516 adults with AIDS, the incidence of Kaposi sarcoma was lower in 1996-2002 (334.6 cases per 100,000 person-years) than in 1990-1995 (1838.9 cases per 100,000 person-years), and the incidence of non-Hodgkin lymphoma followed a similar pattern (i.e., 390.1 cases per 100,000 person-years in 1996-2002 and 1066.2 cases per 100,000 person-years in 1990-1995).
  • Cervical cancer incidence was higher in 1996-2002 (86.5 per 100,000 person-years) than in 1990-1995 (64.2 per 100,000 person-years), although not statistically significantly so (relative risk [RR] = 1.41, 95% CI = 0.81 to 2.46).
  • Similar relationships of these cancers to CD4 count were observed for 1990-1995.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Both before and after HAART was available, CD4 count was strongly associated with risks for Kaposi sarcoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma but not for cervical cancer and Burkitt lymphoma.
  • The decreasing incidences of most AIDS-associated cancers in persons with AIDS during the 1990s are consistent with improving CD4 counts after HAART introduction in 1996.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / immunology

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  • (PMID = 17565153.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2105
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Natl. Cancer Inst.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Sasco AJ, Jaquet A, Boidin E, Ekouevi DK, Thouillot F, Lemabec T, Forstin MA, Renaudier P, N'dom P, Malvy D, Dabis F: The challenge of AIDS-related malignancies in sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS One; 2010;5(1):e8621
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  • [Title] The challenge of AIDS-related malignancies in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • BACKGROUND: With the lengthening of life expectancy among HIV-positive subjects related to the use of highly active antiretroviral treatments, an increased risk of cancer has been described in industrialized countries.
  • The objective of our paper is to review the link between HIV and cancer in sub-Saharan Africa, putting it in perspective with what is already known in Western countries.
  • METHODS AND FINDINGS: Studies for this review were identified from several bibliographical databases including Pubmed, Scopus, Cochrane, Pascal, Web of Science and using keywords "HIV, neoplasia, epidemiology and Africa" and related MesH terms.
  • A clear association was found between HIV infection and AIDS-classifying cancers.
  • The association was less strong for invasive cervical cancer with ORs ranging from 1.1 (0.7-1.2) to 1.6 (1.1-2.3), whereas ORs for squamous intraepithelial lesions were higher, from 4.4 (2.3-8.4) to 17.0 (2.2-134.1).
  • For non AIDS-classifying cancers, squamous cell conjunctival carcinoma of the eye was associated with HIV in many case-referent studies with ORs from 2.6 (1.4-4.9) to 13.0 (4.5-39.4).
  • Other cancer sites found positively associated with HIV include lung, liver, anus, penis, vulva, kidney, thyroid and uterus and a decreased risk of female breast cancer.
  • CONCLUSION: Studies conducted in sub-Saharan Africa show that HIV infection is not only strongly associated with AIDS-classifying cancers but also provided some evidence of association for other neoplasia.
  • African countries need now to implement well designed population-based studies in order to better describe the spectrum of AIDS-associated malignancies and the most effective strategies for their prevention, screening and treatment.

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  • (PMID = 20066157.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI069919
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2799672
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22. Lou J, Ruggeri T, Tebaldi C: Modeling cancer in hiv-1 infected individuals: equilibria, cycles and chaotic behavior. Math Biosci Eng; 2006 Apr;3(2):313-24

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  • [Title] Modeling cancer in hiv-1 infected individuals: equilibria, cycles and chaotic behavior.
  • For HIV-infected individuals, cancer remains a significant burden.
  • Gaining insight into the epidemiology and mechanisms that underlie AIDS- related cancers can provide us with a better understanding of cancer immunity and viral oncogenesis.
  • In this paper, an HIV-1 dynamical model incorporat- ing the AIDS-related cancer cells was studied.
  • The model consists of three components, cancer cells, healthy CD4+ T lymphocytes and infected CD4+ T lymphocytes, and can have six steady states.
  • We discuss the existence, the stability properties and the biological meanings of these steady states, in par- ticular for the positive one: cancer-HIV-healthy cells steady state.

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  • (PMID = 20361826.001).
  • [ISSN] 1547-1063
  • [Journal-full-title] Mathematical biosciences and engineering : MBE
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Math Biosci Eng
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Spano JP, Costagliola D, Katlama C, Mounier N, Oksenhendler E, Khayat D: AIDS-related malignancies: state of the art and therapeutic challenges. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Oct 10;26(29):4834-42
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related malignancies: state of the art and therapeutic challenges.
  • Despite the impact of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) on HIV-related mortality, malignancy remains an important cause of death in the current era.
  • Although the advent of cART has resulted in reductions in the incidence of Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-AIDS-defining malignancies present an increased risk for HIV-infected patients, characterized by some common clinical features, generally with a more aggressive behavior and a more advanced disease at diagnosis, which is responsible for poorer patient outcomes.
  • Specific therapeutic recommendations are lacking for these new nonopportunistic malignancies, such as Hodgkin's lymphoma, anal cancer, lung cancer, hepatocarcinoma, and many others.
  • Special considerations of these AIDS-related and non-AIDS-related malignancies and their clinical and therapeutic aspects constitute the subject of this review.

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  • (PMID = 18591544.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 99
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24. Schlichemeyer R, Chambers C, Gill MJ: The oncology impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Oncol Pharm Pract; 2007 Mar;13(1):17-25
COS Scholar Universe. author profiles.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected population on the chemotherapy related costs of treating acquired immunodeficiency (AIDS)-related cancers.
  • METHODS: We used the Southern Alberta Clinic (SAC) database to define the incidence and prevalence of AIDS-related cancers in a geographically defined HIV population in both the pre- HAART and HAART eras, and subsequently, the Alberta Cancer Board Pharmacy database to determine the chemotherapy associated costs of the cancer treatment.
  • RESULTS: During both eras, 60% of AIDS-related cancer patients received chemotherapy.
  • The absolute number of patients treated in the pre-HAART era was 70, but during the HAART era, due to the decreased incidence of these cancers, only 13 patients received chemotherapy.
  • The number of distinct regimens used for AIDS cancer treatment standardised, and decreased from 29 to six between eras.
  • CONCLUSION: The introduction of HAART has dramatically reduced the amount spent on chemotherapy due to a decreased incidence of AIDSrelated cancers, even though the individual patient treatments have become more effective and expensive.

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  • (PMID = 17621563.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1552
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oncology pharmacy practice : official publication of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Oncol Pharm Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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25. Shackelford J, Pagano JS: Role of the ubiquitin system and tumor viruses in AIDS-related cancer. BMC Biochem; 2007;8 Suppl 1:S8
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Role of the ubiquitin system and tumor viruses in AIDS-related cancer.
  • Tumor viruses are linked to approximately 20% of human malignancies worldwide.
  • This review focuses on examples of human oncogenic viruses that manipulate the ubiquitin system in a subset of viral malignancies; those associated with AIDS.
  • The viruses include Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus, Epstein-Barr virus and human papilloma virus, which are causally linked to Kaposi's sarcoma, certain B-cell lymphomas and cervical cancer, respectively.
  • We discuss the molecular mechanisms by which these viruses subvert the ubiquitin system and potential viral targets for anti-cancer therapy from the perspective of this system.

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  • (PMID = 18047745.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2091
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC biochemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Biochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Ubiquitin
  • [Number-of-references] 119
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2106372
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26. Cadogan M, Dalgleish AG: HIV induced AIDS and related cancers: chronic immune activation and future therapeutic strategies. Adv Cancer Res; 2008;101:349-95
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HIV induced AIDS and related cancers: chronic immune activation and future therapeutic strategies.
  • Chronic generalized immune activation represents one of the most critical features determining progression to AIDS.
  • This may result in the manifestation of malignancy, with lymphoma and Karposi's sarcoma being the first to be recognised.
  • Despite a lifecycle adapted to the host and possessing a plethora of survival strategies, HIV promotes disease progression in a manner that is consistently associated with the HLA repertoire suggesting pathogenic features relating to immunological incompatibility may be at the root of disease.
  • Here we review the influence of immune activation on progression to AIDS with particular reference to molecular mimicry and autoimmune phenomenon and highlight the therapeutic potential of non-neutralizing antibodies and strategies designed to diffuse immune activation.
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / etiology. Alleles. Amino Acid Sequence. Animals. Disease Progression. Disease Susceptibility. HLA Antigens / chemistry. Humans. Immune System. Molecular Sequence Data. Sequence Homology, Amino Acid. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19055948.001).
  • [ISSN] 0065-230X
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA Antigens
  • [Number-of-references] 350
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27. Deeken JF, Pantanowitz L, Dezube BJ: Targeted therapies to treat non-AIDS-defining cancers in patients with HIV on HAART therapy: treatment considerations and research outlook. Curr Opin Oncol; 2009 Sep;21(5):445-54
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  • [Title] Targeted therapies to treat non-AIDS-defining cancers in patients with HIV on HAART therapy: treatment considerations and research outlook.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Highly active antiretroviral therapy has led to a dramatic improvement in the prognosis of patients diagnosed with HIV and AIDS.
  • This includes a significant decline in the rates of AIDS-related cancers, including Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Unfortunately, rates of non-AIDS-defining cancers are on the rise, and now exceed the rates of AIDS-related cancers in patients with HIV.
  • Treating non-AIDS-defining cancers in patients who are on highly active antiretroviral therapy is an open and complicated clinical question.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Newer targeted therapies are now available to treat cancers which were historically refractory to traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • We conclude with considerations on how to use these new agents to treat non-AIDS-defining cancers, and discuss a future research agenda to better understand and predict potential highly active antiretroviral therapy-targeted therapy interactions.

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  • (PMID = 19606034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA121947
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • [Number-of-references] 118
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS382143; NLM/ PMC3377583
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28. Noguchi K, Fukazawa H, Murakami Y, Takahashi N, Yamagoe S, Uehara Y: Gamma-herpesviruses and cellular signaling in AIDS-associated malignancies. Cancer Sci; 2007 Sep;98(9):1288-96
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  • [Title] Gamma-herpesviruses and cellular signaling in AIDS-associated malignancies.
  • gamma-Herpesviruses, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV/HHV-4) and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV/HHV-8), are involved in human carcinogenesis, particularly in immunocompromised patients.
  • Virus-associated malignancies are becoming of significant concern for the mortality of long-lived immunocompromised patients, and therefore, research of advanced strategies for AIDS-related malignancies is an important field in cancer chemotherapy.
  • Detailed understanding of the EBV and KSHV lifecycle and related cancers at the molecular level is required for novel strategies of molecular-targeted cancer chemotherapy.
  • The present review gives a simple outline of the functional interactions between KSHV- and EBV-viral gene products and host cell deregulated signaling pathways as possible targets of chemotherapy against AIDS-related malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Herpesvirus 4, Human / pathogenicity. Herpesvirus 8, Human / pathogenicity. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / metabolism. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / metabolism. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology. Signal Transduction / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17640300.001).
  • [ISSN] 1347-9032
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 102
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29. Nunnari G, Smith JA, Daniel R: HIV-1 Tat and AIDS-associated cancer: targeting the cellular anti-cancer barrier? J Exp Clin Cancer Res; 2008 May 15;27:3
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

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  • [Title] HIV-1 Tat and AIDS-associated cancer: targeting the cellular anti-cancer barrier?
  • The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is accompanied by a significant increase in the incidence of neoplasms.
  • Cancer in general is closely linked to genomic instability and DNA repair mechanisms.
  • The latter maintains genomic stability and serves as a cellular anti-cancer barrier.
  • Defects in DNA repair pathway are associated with carcinogenesis.
  • We propose that the Tat-induced DNA repair deficiencies may play a significant role in the development of AIDS-associated cancer.

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  • (PMID = 18577246.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-9966
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K01 CA098090; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA125272; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA125272; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA98090
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • [Number-of-references] 99
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2438332
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30. Stebbing J, Powles T, Mandalia S, Nelson M, Gazzard B, Bower M: Use of antidepressants and risk of cancer in individuals infected with HIV. J Clin Oncol; 2008 May 10;26(14):2305-10
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of antidepressants and risk of cancer in individuals infected with HIV.
  • PURPOSE: Preclinical and cohort studies suggest that certain antidepressants are associated with a predisposition to cancer whereas others decrease the risk.
  • We aimed to assess whether different classes of antidepressants were associated with changes in cancer incidence in a population of HIV-1 infected individuals, based on duration of exposure.
  • METHODS: Antidepressant exposure was measured from date of first prescription of the antidepressant until the date of last follow-up or cancer diagnosis.
  • Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to establish the risk of AIDS-related cancers and non-AIDS-related cancers according to whether patients were receiving selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, tricyclic antidepressants, or other medicines for depression.
  • A total of 1,607 (15%) individuals were diagnosed with cancer.
  • There were no significant associations between any class of antidepressant and any type of cancer (P = .19), in either the pre-HAART or HAART era (P = .23), and use of serotonin reuptake inhibitors did not alter the risk of Burkitt lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Antidepressants, irrespective of their class, do not affect cancer risk in HIV-infected individuals.

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  • (PMID = 18467722.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antidepressive Agents; 0 / Antidepressive Agents, Tricyclic; 0 / Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
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31. Aoki Y, Tosato G: Interactions between HIV-1 Tat and KSHV. Curr Top Microbiol Immunol; 2007;312:309-26
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Since the advent of the HIV-1 pandemic, a close association between HIV-1 infection and the development of selected types of cancers has been brought to light.
  • The discovery of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) has led to significant advances in uncovering the virological and molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of AIDS-related malignancies.
  • Extensive evidence indicates that HIV-1 trans-activating protein Tat plays an oncogenic role in the development of KSHV-associated neoplasms.
  • Comprehensive knowledge of the functions of Tat-1 together with the KSHV genes will contribute to a better understanding of the pathogenesis of virus-associated cancers and the interaction of viruses with their hosts.

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  • (PMID = 17089803.001).
  • [ISSN] 0070-217X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current topics in microbiology and immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gene Products, tat; 0 / tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
  • [Number-of-references] 122
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32. Phatak UA, Joshi R, Badakh DK, Gosavi VS, Phatak JU, Jagdale RV: AIDS-associated cancers: an emerging challenge. J Assoc Physicians India; 2010 Mar;58:159-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-associated cancers: an emerging challenge.
  • OBJECTIVES: To study the incidence and effects of anti-retroviral therapy along with cancer chemotherapy on outcome of AIDS associated Cancers in Indian patients.
  • METHOD: 3832 cancers patients were investigated over a period of 5 years.
  • 46 AIDS-associated cancers were identified.
  • Patients were treated with different modalities of cancer management and anti-retroviral therapy was discussed with the patient and relatives.
  • RESULTS: Incidence of AIDS-associated cancers was 1.2 percent.
  • AIDS-Defining Cancers (ADC) were seen in 26 (54.35%) while non-AIDS-Defining Cancers (NADC) were observed in 21 (45.65%).
  • Non Hodgkin Lymphoma was the commonest form of AIDS-defining cancers in 21 (84%) patients, cervical cancers in 4 (16%) women while there was not a single case of Kaposi's Sarcoma.
  • AIDS associated cancers were common in males.
  • Only 33.5% patients received treatment for HIV and cancers.
  • CONCLUSIONS: AIDS-associated cancers are seen in advanced stage of HIV infection.
  • Cervical cancers and non-AIDS-defining cancers do not show predictable response to anti-retroviral therapy.
  • Mortality in non-AIDS related cancers was significantly higher than AIDS related cancers.


33. Maggiorella L, Wen B, Frascogna V, Opolon P, Bourhis J, Deutsch E: Combined radiation sensitizing and anti-angiogenic effects of ionizing radiation and the protease inhibitor ritonavir in a head and neck carcinoma model. Anticancer Res; 2005 Nov-Dec;25(6B):4357-62
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  • Reports of dramatic improvement of AIDS-related cancers, such as primary central system lymphoma after radiation therapy as well as Kaposi's sarcoma, led to the recent discovery of the "non viral" antitumor activity of HIV protease inhibitors.
  • Thus, the antitumor effect of the latter combination is associated with the enhancement of radiation-induced apoptosis and inhibition of angiogenesis.

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  • (PMID = 16309240.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiation-Sensitizing Agents; O3J8G9O825 / Ritonavir
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34. Biggar RJ, Engels EA, Ly S, Kahn A, Schymura MJ, Sackoff J, Virgo P, Pfeiffer RM: Survival after cancer diagnosis in persons with AIDS. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2005 Jul 1;39(3):293-9
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

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  • [Title] Survival after cancer diagnosis in persons with AIDS.
  • The survival of persons with AIDS (PWA) has recently improved because of better antiretroviral therapies.
  • Similarly, the prognosis of cancer has also improved.
  • To determine if survival in PWA with cancer has also improved, we compared cancer survival in adults with and without AIDS using data from New York City from 1980 through 2000.
  • Analyses were made for AIDS-related cancers (Kaposi sarcoma, non-Hodgkin lymphoma [NHL], and cervical cancer) and for 8 non-AIDS-related cancers (lung, larynx, colorectum, anus, Hodgkin lymphoma, breast, prostate, and testis).
  • Death hazard ratios compared survival in PWA with cancer with that in cancer patients without AIDS, adjusted for age, sex, race, and calendar-time of cancer occurrence.
  • The 24-month survival rate of PWA with cancer (9015 AIDS cancers and 929 non-AIDS-related cancers of 8 types) improved significantly for most cancer types.
  • By 1996 through 2000, the 24-month survival rate in PWA was 58% for Kaposi sarcoma, 41% for peripheral NHL, 29% for central nervous system NHL, and 64% for cervical cancer.
  • For non-AIDS-related cancers, survival of PWA was lowest for lung cancer (10%) but was >50% for most other cancer types.
  • In 1996 through 2000, significant differences in survival between cancer patients with and without AIDS still remained for Hodgkin lymphoma and lung, larynx, and prostate cancers.
  • We conclude that recent improvements in AIDS and cancer care have greatly narrowed the gap in survival between cancer patients with and without AIDS.
  • Clinicians should be encouraged by the improving prognosis and be diligent about detecting and treating cancer in PWA.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Female. Humans. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / mortality. Male. New York City / epidemiology. Prognosis. Registries. Sarcoma, Kaposi / complications. Sarcoma, Kaposi / mortality. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 15980688.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-4135
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Sloand E: Hematologic complications of HIV infection. AIDS Rev; 2005 Oct-Dec;7(4):187-96
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  • Treatment of HIV-infected patients with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has altered the natural history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection by decreasing the frequency of opportunistic infections and altering the expected frequency of hematologic complications and AIDS-related malignancies.
  • [MeSH-minor] Anemia / drug therapy. Anemia / etiology. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Humans. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / etiology. Neutropenia / drug therapy. Neutropenia / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16425959.001).
  • [ISSN] 1139-6121
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 105
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36. Neuman HB, Charlson ME, Temple LK: Is there a role for decision aids in cancer-related decisions? Crit Rev Oncol Hematol; 2007 Jun;62(3):240-50
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  • [Title] Is there a role for decision aids in cancer-related decisions?
  • Cancer-related decisions are challenging, requiring patients to evaluate associated medical and psychological outcomes within the context of their personal values.
  • Clinical decision aids are decisional support tools designed to facilitate patient-driven decision-making by providing relevant information on the options while eliciting and incorporating patient preferences; they have been designed to support decision-making in the prevention, screening, and treatment of cancer.
  • In randomized controlled trials, cancer-related decision aids have been shown to increase patients' knowledge regarding their disease, and may facilitate patients playing a more active role in decision-making.

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  • (PMID = 17317206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8428
  • [Journal-full-title] Critical reviews in oncology/hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Crit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Number-of-references] 93
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37. Blanes M, Belinchón I, Merino E, Portilla J, Sánchez-Payá J, Betlloch I: [Current prevalence and characteristics of dermatoses associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection]. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2010 Oct;101(8):702-9
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  • [Title] [Current prevalence and characteristics of dermatoses associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection].
  • The frequency of opportunistic infections and AIDS-related cancers has fallen, though new health problems have developed.

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  • (PMID = 20965013.001).
  • [ISSN] 1578-2190
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliográficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
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38. Bottler T, Kuttenberger J, Hardt N, Oehen HP, Baltensperger M: Non-HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma of the tongue. Case report and review of the literature. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2007 Dec;36(12):1218-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Non-HIV-associated Kaposi's sarcoma of the tongue. Case report and review of the literature.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma is a frequently seen AIDS-related malignant neoplasm in the head and neck region, especially in the oral cavity, but is rarely described in the HIV-negative and non-immunosuppressed individual.

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  • (PMID = 17614259.001).
  • [ISSN] 0901-5027
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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39. Aversa SM, Cattelan AM, Salvagno L, Crivellari G, Banna G, Trevenzoli M, Chiarion-Sileni V, Monfardini S: Treatments of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol; 2005 Mar;53(3):253-65
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatments of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • Although Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) has decreased in countries where the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen is available, however it remains, after non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, the most common malignancy in HIV+ patients.
  • Advances in the treatment of AIDS-KS have been achieved, even though a gold standard therapy has not been yet defined.

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  • (PMID = 15718150.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8428
  • [Journal-full-title] Critical reviews in oncology/hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Crit. Rev. Oncol. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenesis Inhibitors; 0 / Antiviral Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 136
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40. Bonnet F, Burty C, Lewden C, Costagliola D, May T, Bouteloup V, Rosenthal E, Jougla E, Cacoub P, Salmon D, Chêne G, Morlat P, Agence Nationale de Recherches sur le Sida et les Hépatites Virales EN19 Mortalité Study Group, Mortavic Study Group: Changes in cancer mortality among HIV-infected patients: the Mortalité 2005 Survey. Clin Infect Dis; 2009 Mar 1;48(5):633-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Changes in cancer mortality among HIV-infected patients: the Mortalité 2005 Survey.
  • BACKGROUND: The goal of the current study was to describe the distribution and characteristics of malignancy related deaths among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with use of data obtained from a national survey conducted in France in 2005 and to compare with results obtained from a similar survey conducted in 2000.
  • RESULTS: Among the 1042 deaths reported in 2005 (964 were reported in 2000), 344 were cancer related (34%), which represented a significant increase from 2000 (29% of deaths were cancer related) (P=.02); 134 of the cancer-related deaths were AIDS related and 210 were not AIDS related.
  • Among the cancer-related causes of death, the proportion of hepatitis-related cancers (6% in 2000 vs. 11% in 2005) and non-AIDS/hepatitis-related cancers (38% in 2000 vs 50% in 2005) significantly increased from 2000 to 2005 (P=.03 and P=.01, respectively), compared with the proportion of cancer that was AIDS related and adjusting for age and sex.
  • Among cases involving AIDS, the proportion of non-Hodgkin lymphoma-associated deaths did not change statistically significantly between 2000 and 2005 (11% and 10% of deaths, respectively).
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this study, an increasing proportion of lethal non-AIDS-related cancers was demonstrated from 2000 to 2005; meanwhile, the proportion of lethal AIDS-related cancers remained stable among HIV-infected patients.
  • Thus, cancer prophylaxis, early diagnosis, and improved management should be included in the routine long-term follow-up of HIV-infected patients.

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  • [CommentIn] Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Aug 1;49(3):481-2 [19586399.001]
  • [CommentIn] Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Mar 1;48(5):640-1 [19202628.001]
  • (PMID = 19202627.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-6591
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Investigator] Chêne G; Costagliola D; Jougla E; May T; Morlat P; Salmon D; Cacoub P; Rosenthal E; Bonnet F; Burty C; Lewden C; François M; Boileau J; Zouari H; Tourteau F; Bursacchi P; Delfraissy JF; Semaille C; Redecker S; Imbert Y; Rispal P; Allegre T; Riou J; Marquant M; Undreiner P; Abino J; Barel P; Greziller; Gosse; Lagier A; Bastide D; Schmit J; Decaux N; Chennebault J; Fialaire P; Abgueguen P; Loison J; Gaillat J; Legrand E; Dor J; Quinsat D; Lerousseau L; Chavaillon; Toquet-Maillet E; Sutton L; Genet P; Salord J; Raison G; Dubois D; Lierman Y; Bervar J; Castan B; Malbec D; Delassus J; Bakir R; Lepeu G; Pichancourt G; Theodourou-Touchais A; De La Blanchardiere OA; Evon P; Aubry Y; Giffo B; Bonnal F; Labarrere S; Amanieu M; Valet D; Faller J; Eglinger P; Duchene F; Humbert P; Dupond J; Estavoyer J; Hoen B; Roche C; Chirouze C; Faucher J; Oziol E; Saad A; Cabrol M; Gateau P; Seiberras S; Vidal C; Mazari A; Bentata M; Honore P; Bouchaud O; Bessin C; Jeantils V; Tassi S; Fain O; Dupon M; Morlat P; Beylot J; Lacoste D; Bonarek M; Bernard N; Bonnet F; Ragnaud J; Longy-Boursier M; Mercie P; Series C; Portal B; Terrier F; Rouveix E; Olivier C; Vaillant J; Moulias S; Hanslik T; Granier P; Colucci T; Mornet M; Aaron L; Guimard Y; Agbodjan J; Julien J; Fabre M; Garre M; Gouerou; Savary O; Nousbaum J; Granier H; Brousse P; Verdon R; Feret P; Guivarch; Sire S; Simonet P; Tempesta S; Vialatte B; Prudhomme L; Djossou F; Bichat S; Nacher M; Couppie P; Dellinger; Picard J; Sabbagh; Rogeaux O; Penalba C; Aubert C; Alba C; Galanaud P; Delavalle A; Boue F; Defuentes G; Pik J; Laurichesse H; Beytout J; Cormerais L; Fantin B; Uludag A; Mantz J; Cohen J; Kohser F; Plaisance N; Blaison G; Martinot M; Minozzi C; Ferreira C; Zeng F; Domart Y; Merrien D; Zylberait D; Devidas A; Turpauld I; Chevojon P; Bardet M; Jacquemard P; Sobel A; Jung C; Dumont C; Chousterman M; Housset B; Bassinet L; Schortgen F; Loste P; Antoniotti O; Nehme E; Granet P; Brunello; Portier H; Grappin M; Buisson M; Duong M; Braconnier C; Waldner-Combernoux A; Laine J; Brousse A; Cardon G; Visticot F; Vella M; Bonnevie F; Vanrenterghem; Soupison T; Gruat N; Roche J; Sicot; Saraux J; Lepretre A; El Hajj L; Frossard; Brung M; Lefebvre; Beguinot I; Schuhmacher H; Hirsch J; Reumont G; Saad; Galan; Estebe; Cabie A; Abel S; Quist D; Counillon E; Armero R; Del Giudice P; Gamblin V; Bouchard I; De Truchis P; Berthe H; Leclercq P; Brambilla C; Gineste E; Sarrot-Reynauld F; Jenny; Class J; Raynaud-Simon A; Alvarez F; Perre P; Aubry O; Suaud I; Courbes I; Batejat B; Dupont A; Lagarde P; David-Ouaknine F; Le Moigne E; Caumont B; Robin M; Hoel J; Doll J; Colardelle P; Roussin-Bretagne S; Greder A; Belan; Bedos J; Bruneel F; Thibous F; Lemeunier; Delfraissy J; Goujard C; Rannou M; Wind P; Monange B; Lamblin C; Cochonat K; Balquet M; De Ribes DC; Force G; Ceccaldi J; Marcos J; Hammou Y; Codaccioni X; Weinbreck P; Genet C; Debette-Gratien M; Geffray L; Le Mercier Y; Follet; Duvert B; Lacroix; Arnaud A; Selles Y; Levasseur F; Touraine J; Jeanblanc F; Trepo C; Benmakhlouf N; Lebouche B; Peyramond D; Boibieux A; Chidiac C; Delorme C; Carbonnel E; Baty V; Kisterman J; Roubert X; Granier F; Tremolières F; Billy C; Perronne V; Testaud J; Gastaut J; Drogoul M; Fabre G; Moreau J; Vandergheynst E; Bourliere M; Ruiz J; Philibert P; Gamby T; Petit N; Simon F; Fontaneau; Meissonnier P; Bayada J; Christian B; Armand A; Galzin M; Dumas D; De Witte S; Jobard J; Poncet A; Caillet B; Reynes J; De Boever CM; Siffert M; Bourgeois A; Villadoro A; Tramoni C; Faucherre V; Larrey D; Jonquet O; Landreau; Andre M; Winter C; Roge C; Beck-Wirth G; Drenou B; Benomar M; Ruel M; Chemlal K; Raffi F; Morineau-Le Houssine P; Le Bavec CG; Lemesre F; Masson B; Loison F; Razafimahery M; De Lacour JL; Dellamonica P; Mondain-Miton V; Cua E; Oran N; Valerio L; Rosenthal E; Fuzibet J; Tran A; Brocker P; Barrelier P; Vincent D; Mauboussin J; Barbuat C; Rouanet I; Jourdan N; Sotto A; Del Bucchia F; Jourdan J; Lapine M; Capdevielle P; Lacassin-Beller F; Droetto F; Diab G; Grihon F; Arsac P; Hocqueloux L; Levasseur M; Fourdilis M; Jarno P; Derouineau J; Morel P; Timsit F; Compagnucci A; Oksenhendler E; Gerard L; Delgado J; Sereni D; Lascoux-Combe C; Viard J; Dupont B; Maignan A; Bergmann J; Sellier P; Magnier J; Pialoux G; Godard V; Goetschel A; Lebrette M; Weiss L; Tisne-Dessus D; Leport C; Ecobichon J; Colasante U; Guillevin L; Salmon-Ceron D; Pietri M; Brunet A; Silbermann B; Blanche P; Schoen H; Valantin M; Hausfater P; Martinez V; Herson S; Simon A; Brancon C; Girard P; Begle A; Raguin G; Lupin C; Molina J; Ponscarme D; Garrait V; Cabotin P; Janier M; Spindler E; Yeni P; Gerbe J; Cabane J; Ziza J; Aerts J; Carlet J; Gilquin J; Auperin I; Misset B; Crof A; Piette J; Cacoub P; Turpin G; Varet B; Dupin N; Le Jeunne C; Aslangul E; Pol S; Poynard T; Lebray P; Carbonell N; Benlian P; Goujon M; Dhainaut J; Charpentier J; Andrieu J; Brunel M; Landgraf N; Bary M; Pouyanne; Meraud J; Riviere C; Aumaître H; Saada M; Cros H; Pellegrin J; Adjeoda R; Durieu I; Rousset H; Vital-Durand D; Lamaury I; Sow M; Hillion D; Masson H; Becq-Giraudon B; Le Moal G; Silvain C; Danne O; Blum L; Larzul J; Perfezou P; Rouger C; Novella J; Michelet C; Tattevin P; Arvieux C; Souala F; Delmont-Hanry M; Guyader D; Gandemer V; Camus C; Taverson; Lutz M; Climas M; Wemeau J; Gueit I; Suel P; Caron F; Mechali D; Khuong-Josses M; Etienne Y; Lucht F; Fresard A; Ronat V; Vergnon; Garcier; Deluca J; Randrianjohany A; Monnot H; Poubeau P; Andre H; Beuscart C; Aubry M; Hurbin E; Debord T; Rapp C; Bissuel F; Walter V; Ferret J; Bonnefoy M; Riche A; Marot J; Michau C; Bonnin E; Pasdeloup T; Chaby G; Grilliat E; Wurtz E; Loth F; Kitschke B; Line D; Gaud C; Sautron C; Cathebras P; Welker Y; Sandron D; Lang J; Fischer P; Pasquali J; Lalanne H; Chartier C; Berlin C; Andres E; Christmann D; Hansmann Y; Fraisse P; Bletry O; Zucman D; Majerholc C; Stern M; Couderc L; Petitou J; Truchetet F; Pouaha J; Romand P; Lafeuillade A; Lambry V; Bernard P; Adoue D; Duffaut M; Marchou B; Garipuy D; Cuzin L; Marchou B; Garipuy D; Cuzin L; Uzan M; Vinel J; Metivier S; Didier A; Rouquet R; Mouton Y; Yazdanpanah Y; Marysse F; Guery B; Faure K; Besnier J; Le Bret P; Nau P; Sigogneau H; Bressieux J; Libbrecht E; Rezzouk L; Collignon A; Ponceau B; Kyndt X; Vermersch-Langlin A; May T; Burty C; Lederlin P; Poinsignon Y; Creusat C; Richard C; Merle C; Essayan A; Vittecoq D; Bolliot C; Quignard; Patey O; Dellion S; Chossat I
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41. Lim ST, Levine AM: Non-AIDS-defining cancers and HIV infection. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep; 2005 Aug;2(3):146-53
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  • [Title] Non-AIDS-defining cancers and HIV infection.
  • With fewer patients now succumbing to infectious complications of AIDS, other HIV-related morbidities, such as malignancies, have become increasingly important.
  • Apart from Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and cervical cancer, which are considered as AIDS-defining, several additional cancers, referred to as non-AIDS-defining cancers, are also statistically increased in HIV-infected persons.
  • These include Hodgkin's disease, anal carcinoma, lung cancer, nonmelanomatous skin cancer, and testicular germ cell tumors, among others.
  • However, the types of cancer observed at an increased frequency and the relative risks reported vary widely among studies.
  • Although immunosuppression is consistently associated with an increased risk of AIDS-related malignancies, the role of immunosuppression in the pathogenesis of non-AIDS- defining cancers is controversial.
  • Although data regarding the optimal management of these cancers are lacking, current studies suggest that patients with HIV-associated malignancies should be treated with similar approaches to those of their counterparts in the general population.

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  • (PMID = 16091262.001).
  • [ISSN] 1548-3568
  • [Journal-full-title] Current HIV/AIDS reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr HIV/AIDS Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 64
  •  go-up   go-down


42. Stier EA, Goldstone SE, Berry JM, Panther LA, Jay N, Krown SE, Lee J, Palefsky JM: Infrared coagulator treatment of high-grade anal dysplasia in HIV-infected individuals: an AIDS malignancy consortium pilot study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2008 Jan 1;47(1):56-61
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  • [Title] Infrared coagulator treatment of high-grade anal dysplasia in HIV-infected individuals: an AIDS malignancy consortium pilot study.
  • METHODS: HIV-infected patients with </=3 biopsy-proven internal anal HSILs received office-based treatment with the IRC at participating AIDS Malignancy Consortium sites.
  • No procedure-related severe adverse events were reported.

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  • (PMID = 18156992.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-4135
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA071375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA121947; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA70019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA70054
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Dezube BJ, Krown SE, Lee JY, Bauer KS, Aboulafia DM: Randomized phase II trial of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor COL-3 in AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma: an AIDS Malignancy Consortium Study. J Clin Oncol; 2006 Mar 20;24(9):1389-94
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

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  • [Title] Randomized phase II trial of matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor COL-3 in AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma: an AIDS Malignancy Consortium Study.
  • In a phase I trial of the MMP inhibitor COL-3 in patients with AIDS-related KS, the drug was well tolerated, KS regression was observed, and MMP-2 levels decreased significantly in responders compared with nonresponders.
  • COL-3 was administered orally once daily at one of two doses (group A received 50 mg and group B received 100 mg) to patients with AIDS-related KS.
  • CONCLUSION: COL-3, when administered as 50 mg/d, is both active and well tolerated in the treatment of AIDS-related KS.
  • COL-3 is a promising agent for the treatment of this opportunistic neoplasm of AIDS.

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  • (PMID = 16549833.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070072; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070079; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA071375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083038; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083118; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083216; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA70058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA70081
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tetracyclines; 0 / tetracycline CMT-3; EC 3.4.24.24 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
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44. Spitzer TR, Ambinder RF, Lee JY, Kaplan LD, Wachsman W, Straus DJ, Aboulafia DM, Scadden DT: Dose-reduced busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and autologous stem cell transplantation for human immunodeficiency virus-associated lymphoma: AIDS Malignancy Consortium study 020. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant; 2008 Jan;14(1):59-66
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  • [Title] Dose-reduced busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and autologous stem cell transplantation for human immunodeficiency virus-associated lymphoma: AIDS Malignancy Consortium study 020.
  • Intensive chemotherapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has resulted in durable remissions in a substantial proportion of patients.
  • Based on a favorable experience with dose-reduced high-dose busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and AuSCT for older patients with non-HIV-associated aggressive lymphomas, an AIDS Malignancy Consortium multicenter trial was undertaken using the same dose-reduced busulfan and cyclophosphamide preparative regimen with AuSCT for recurrent HIV-associated NHL and HL.
  • No other fatal regimen-related toxicity occurred.
  • This multi-institutional trial demonstrates that a regimen of dose-reduced high-dose busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and AuSCT is well tolerated and is associated with favorable disease-free survival (DFS) and OS probabilities for selected patients with HIV-associated NHL and HL.

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  • (PMID = 18158962.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-6536
  • [Journal-full-title] Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083035; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083118; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA071375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083216; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083118; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA071375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095423; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083035; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA121947; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; G1LN9045DK / Busulfan
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS281894; NLM/ PMC4524737
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45. Hoffmann C, Horst HA, Weichenthal M, Hauschild A: Malignant melanoma and HIV infection -- aggressive course despite immune reconstitution. Onkologie; 2005 Jan;28(1):35-7
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Clinical Implications of Immune Reconstitution in AIDS .

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  • [Title] Malignant melanoma and HIV infection -- aggressive course despite immune reconstitution.
  • BACKGROUND: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has altered the course of most AIDS-related malignancies.


46. Reed M, Cosgrove JM, Cindrich R, Parithivel VS, Gad Y, Bangalore M, Uzor R, Kalim J, Segura R, Albu E: Ten years later: a single hospital experience with malignancy in HIV/AIDS. J Surg Oncol; 2010 Sep 1;102(3):282-6
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

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  • [Title] Ten years later: a single hospital experience with malignancy in HIV/AIDS.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: We present our experience in the era of HAART with 5,112 patients having HIV infection or AIDS, treated between 2002 and 2006 in our hospital, 182 of whom had malignancies (3.56%).
  • A decrease in AIDS-defining cancers (ADC), from 63.6% to 37.3% and a higher incidence of non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADC), 62.7 as opposed to 37.9% was found.
  • CONCLUSIONS: HIV/AIDS patients on HAART are older, have lower rates of AIDS related Kaposi's sarcoma and a higher incidence of NADCs than did patients in the early HAART era.


47. Nguyen ML, Farrell KJ, Gunthel CJ: Non-AIDS-Defining Malignancies in Patients with HIV in the HAART Era. Curr Infect Dis Rep; 2010 Jan;12(1):46-55

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Non-AIDS-Defining Malignancies in Patients with HIV in the HAART Era.
  • The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has drastically changed the scope and spectrum of diseases associated with HIV, shifting from AIDS-related to non-AIDS-related diseases.
  • Studies linking HIV/AIDS databases to cancer registries have shown a dramatic decrease in AIDS-related malignancies and a steady increase in non-AIDS-defining malignancies (NADM).
  • Meta-analysis of published studies show an increase in NADM over the general population, mostly among infection-related cancers such as anal cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma, and liver cancer.
  • Among the non-infection-related cancers, lung and skin cancers predominate.
  • As HIV-infected individuals survive longer, better screening strategies are needed to detect cancer earlier, and prospective data are needed to assess the impact of HAART on cancer outcomes.

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  • (PMID = 21308498.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-3146
  • [Journal-full-title] Current infectious disease reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Infect Dis Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Gichuhi S, Irlam JJ: Interventions for squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva in HIV-infected individuals. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2007;(2):CD005643
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Ophthalmic Manifestations of HIV .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This pattern is related to the co-existence of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, high HPV exposure, and solar radiation in the region.
  • SEARCH STRATEGY: Using a sensitive search strategy, we attempted to identify all relevant trials, regardless of language or publication status, from the following electronic databases; Medline/PubMed, CENTRAL, AIDSearch, EMBASE, LILACS, African Healthline, Cochrane HIV/AIDS Specialised Register, and the Cochrane Cancer Network Specialised Register.
  • We searched the clinical trial register of the US National Institutes of Health, searched the international conference proceedings of AIDS and AIDS-related cancers, and contacted individual researchers, research organisations, and pharmaceutical companies that manufacture the drugs used as interventions.
  • HIV/AIDS research has not focused on treatment of this tumour.

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  • [UpdateIn] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;2:CD005643 [23450564.001]
  • (PMID = 17443606.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 64
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49. Wang X, Wang X, Liang D, Lan K, Guo W, Ren G: Classic Kaposi's sarcoma in Han Chinese and useful tools for differential diagnosis. Oral Oncol; 2010 Sep;46(9):654-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Kaposi's Sarcoma.

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  • Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a common AIDS-related malignant neoplasm in the head and neck region, especially in the oral cavity, but is rarely described in the HIV-negative and non-immunosuppressed individual.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20656545.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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50. Krown SE, Lee JY, Lin L, Fischl MA, Ambinder R, Von Roenn JH: Interferon-alpha2b with protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy in patients with AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma: an AIDS malignancy consortium phase I trial. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2006 Feb 1;41(2):149-53
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  • [Title] Interferon-alpha2b with protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy in patients with AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma: an AIDS malignancy consortium phase I trial.
  • We evaluated the safety and maximum tolerated dose of interferon (IFN)-alpha2b in combination with protease inhibitor-based highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in a phase 1 study in 14 patients with AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma (KS).
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / drug therapy. Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use. HIV Protease Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Herpesvirus 8, Human. Interferon-alpha / therapeutic use. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16394845.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-4135
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1-CA70081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1-CA71375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1CA70019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1CA70047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1CA70054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1CA70062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1CA70068; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1CA70080
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents; 0 / HIV Protease Inhibitors; 0 / Interferon-alpha; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 99210-65-8 / interferon alfa-2b
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51. Sivakumaran H, van der Horst A, Fulcher AJ, Apolloni A, Lin MH, Jans DA, Harrich D: Arginine methylation increases the stability of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Tat. J Virol; 2009 Nov;83(22):11694-703
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. (L)-ARGININE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The stabilizing action of PRMT6 could allow Tat to persist within the cell and the extracellular environment and thereby enable functions implicated in AIDS-related cancer, neurodegeneration, and T-cell death.

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  • (PMID = 19726520.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-5514
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus; 94ZLA3W45F / Arginine; EC 2.1.1.- / PRMT6 protein, human; EC 2.1.1.- / Protein-Arginine N-Methyltransferases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2772670
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52. Little RF, Pluda JM, Wyvill KM, Rodriguez-Chavez IR, Tosato G, Catanzaro AT, Steinberg SM, Yarchoan R: Activity of subcutaneous interleukin-12 in AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma. Blood; 2006 Jun 15;107(12):4650-7
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

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  • [Title] Activity of subcutaneous interleukin-12 in AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma.
  • We initiated a phase 1 pilot study of IL-12 in 32 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related Kaposi sarcoma (KS) whose KS was progressing while on antiretroviral therapy.
  • These results provide preliminary evidence that IL-12 has substantial activity against AIDS-related KS with acceptable toxicity and warrants further investigation for this indication.

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  • (PMID = 16507779.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / SC / Z01 SC006737-14; United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents; 0 / CXCL10 protein, human; 0 / Chemokine CXCL10; 0 / Chemokines, CXC; 187348-17-0 / Interleukin-12; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma; EC 2.6.1.- / Transaminases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1475826
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53. Monforte Ad, Abrams D, Pradier C, Weber R, Reiss P, Bonnet F, Kirk O, Law M, De Wit S, Friis-Møller N, Phillips AN, Sabin CA, Lundgren JD, Data Collection on Adverse Events of Anti-HIV Drugs (D:A:D) Study Group: HIV-induced immunodeficiency and mortality from AIDS-defining and non-AIDS-defining malignancies. AIDS; 2008 Oct 18;22(16):2143-53
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

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  • [Title] HIV-induced immunodeficiency and mortality from AIDS-defining and non-AIDS-defining malignancies.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate deaths from AIDS-defining malignancies (ADM) and non-AIDS-defining malignancies (nADM) in the D:A:D Study and to investigate the relationship between these deaths and immunodeficiency.
  • We used Poisson regression models to identify factors independently associated with deaths from ADM and nADM.
  • Analyses of factors associated with mortality due to nADM were repeated after excluding nADM known to be associated with a specific risk factor.
  • RESULTS: Three hundred five patients died due to a malignancy, 298 prior to the cutoff for this analysis (ADM: n = 110; nADM: n = 188).
  • In multivariable regression analyses, a two-fold higher latest CD4 cell count was associated with a halving of the risk of ADM mortality.
  • Other predictors of an increased risk of ADM mortality were homosexual risk group, older age, a previous (non-malignancy) AIDS diagnosis and earlier calendar years.

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  • (PMID = 18832878.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5571
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / 5U01AI046362-03; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI069907-02; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI046362; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / 5U01AI042170-10; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI069907; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI042170
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS113887; NLM/ PMC2715844
  • [Investigator] Collins S; Loeliger E; Tressler R; Weller I; Friis-Møller N; Worm SW; Sabin CA; Sjøl A; Lundgren JD; Sawitz A; Rickenbach M; Pezzotti P; Krum E; Gras L; Balestre E; Sundström A; Poll B; Fontas E; Torres F; Petoumenos K; Kjaer J; de Wolf F; Zaheri S; Gras L; Bronsveld W; Hillebrand-Haverkort ME; Prins JM; Bos JC; Schattenkerk JK; Geerlings SE; Godfried MH; Lange JM; van Leth FC; Lowe SH; van der Meer JT; Nellen FJ; Pogány K; van der Poll T; Reiss P; Ruys TA; Sankatsing SR; van Twillert G; van der Valk M; van Vonderen MG; Vrouenraets SM; van Vugt M; Wit FW; van Eeden A; ten Veen JH; van Dam PS; Roos JC; Brinkman K; Frissen PH; Weigel HM; Mulder JW; van Gorp EC; Meenhorst PL; Mairuhu AT; Veenstra J; Danner SA; Van Agtmael MA; Claessen FA; Perenboom RM; Rijkeboer A; van Vonderen M; Richter C; van der Berg J; van Leusen R; Vriesendorp R; Jeurissen FJ; Kauffmann RH; Koger EL; Bravenboer B; ten Napel CH; Kootstra GJ; Sprenger HG; Miesen WM; Doedens R; Scholvinck EH; ten Kate RW; van Houte DP; Polee M; Kroon FP; van den Broek; van Dissel JT; Schippers EF; Schreij G; van de Geest S; Verbon A; Koopmans PP; Keuter M; Post F; van der Ven AJ; van der Ende ME; Gyssens IC; van der Feltz M; den Hollander JG; de Marie S; Nouwen JL; Rijnders BJ; de Vries TE; Juttmann JR; van de Heul C; van Kasteren ME; St Elisabeth SM; Bonten MJ; Borleffs JC; Ellerbroek PM; Hoepelman IM; Jaspers CA; Schouten I; Schurink CA; Blok WL; Tanis AA; Groeneveld PH; Salamon R; Beylot J; Dupon M; Le Bras M; Pellegrin JL; Ragnaud JM; Dabis F; Chêne G; Jacqmin-Gadda H; Thiébaut R; Lawson-Ayayi S; Lavignolle V; Balestre E; Blaizeau MJ; Decoin M; Formaggio AM; Delveaux S; Labarerre S; Uwamaliya B; Vimard E; Merchadou L; Palmer G; Touchard D; Dutoit D; Pereira F; Boulant B; Beylot J; Morlat P; Bernard N; Bonarek M; Bonnet F; Coadou B; Gelie P; Jaubert D; Nouts C; Lacoste D; Dupon M; Dutronc H; Cipriano G; Lafarie S; Chossat I; Lacut JY; Leng B; Pellegrin JL; Mercié P; Viallard JF; Faure I; Rispal P; Cipriano C; Tchamgoué S; Le Bras M; Djossou F; Malvy D; Pivetaud JP; Ragnaud JM; Chambon D; De La Taille C; Galperine T; Lafarie S; Neau D; Ochoa A; Beylot C; Doutre MS; Bezian JH; Moreau JF; Taupin JL; Conri C; Constans J; Couzigou P; Castera L; Fleury H; Lafon ME; Masquelier B; Pellegrin I; Trimoulet P; Moreau F; Mestre C; Series C; Taytard A; Law M; Glenday K; Petoumenos K; Anderson J; Cortissos P; Mijch A; Watson K; Roth N; Nicolson J; Bloch M; Agrawal S; Franic T; Baker D; Vale R; Carr A; Cooper D; Lacey M; Hesse K; Chuah J; Lester D; Fankhauser W; Mallal S; Forsdyke C; Bulgannawar S; Calvo G; Torres F; Mateu S; Domingo P; Sambeat MA; Gatell J; Del Cacho E; Cadafalch J; Fuster M; Codina C; Sirera G; Vaqué A; Clumeck N; De Wit S; Gerard M; Kabeya K; Konopnicki D; Libois A; Payen MC; Poll B; Van Laethem Y; Neaton J; Bartsch G; El-Sadr WM; Krum E; Thompson G; Wentworth D; Luskin-Hawk R; Telzak E; El-Sadr WM; Abrams DI; Cohn D; Markowitz N; Arduino R; Mushatt D; Friedland G; Perez G; Tedaldi E; Fisher E; Gordin F; Crane RL; Sampson J; Baxter J; Kirk O; Olsen CH; Mocroft A; Phillips AN; Lundgren JD; Vetter N; Karpov I; Vassilenko A; Clumeck N; De Wit S; Poll B; Colebunders R; Machala L; Rozsypal H; Sedlacek D; Nielsen J; Benfield T; Gerstoft J; Katzenstein T; Hansen AB; Skinhøj P; Pedersen C; Zilmer K; Katlama C; Viard JP; Girard PM; Saint-Marc T; Vanhems P; Pradier C; Dabis F; Dietrich M; Manegold C; van Lunzen J; Stellbrink HJ; Staszewski S; Bieckel M; Goebel FD; Fätkenheuer C; Rockstroh J; Schmidt RE; Kosmidis J; Gargalianos P; Sambatakou H; Perdios J; Panos G; Filandras A; Banhegyi D; Mulcahy F; Yust I; Burke M; Turner D; Pollack S; Hassoun J; Sthoeger Z; Maayan S; Vella S; Chiesi A; Arici C; Pristerá R; Mazzotta F; Gabbuti A; Esposito R; Bedini A; Chirianni A; Montesarchio E; Vullo V; Santopadre P; Narciso P; Antinori A; Franci P; Zaccarelli M; Lazzarin A; Castagna A; Monforte Ad; Viksna L; Chaplinskas S; Hemmer R; Staub T; Reiss P; Bruun J; Maeland A; Ormaasen V; Knysz B; Gasiorowski J; Horban A; Prokopowicz D; Wiercinska-Drapalo A; Boron-Kaczmarska A; Pynka M; Beniowski M; Mularska E; Trocha H; Antunes F; Mansinho K; Maltez F; Duiculescu D; Babes V; Streinu-Cercel A; Vinogradova E; Rakhmanova A; Jevtovic D; Mokrás M; Staneková D; González-Lahoz J; Sanchez-Conde M; García-Benayas T; Martin-Carbonero L; Soriano V; Clotet B; Jou A; Conejero J; Ruiz L; Tural C; Gatell JM; Miró JM; Zamora L; Blaxhult A; Karlsson A; Pehrson P; Ledergerber B; Weber R; Francioli P; Telenti A; Hirschel B; Soravia-Dunand V; Furrer H; Kravchenko E; Chentsova N; Fisher M; Brettle R; Barton S; Johnson AM; Mercey D; Murphy M; Johnson MA; Weber J; Scullard G; Morfeldt L; Thulin G; Sundström A; Akerlund B; Koppel K; Karlsson A; Flamholc L; Håkangård C; Monforte Ad; Ammassari A; Antinori A; Maggiolo F; Balotta C; Bonfanti P; Capobianchi M; Castagna A; Ceccherini-Silberstein F; Cozzi-Lepri A; Monforte Ad; De Luca A; Gervasoni C; Girardi E; Lo Caputo S; Murri R; Mussini C; Puoti M; Torti C; Moroni M; Carosi G; Cauda R; Chiodo F; Monforte Ad; Di Perri G; Galli M; Iardino R; Ippolito G; Lazzarin A; Mazzotta F; Panebianco R; Pastore G; Perno CF; Montroni M; Scalise G; Costantini A; Riva A; Tirelli U; Martellotta F; Pastore G; Ladisa N; Suter F; Maggiolo F; Chiodo F; Colangeli V; Fiorini C; Carosi G; Cristini G; Torti C; Minardi C; Bertelli D; Quirino T; Manconi PE; Piano P; Pizzigallo E; D'Alessandro M; Carnevale G; Zoncada A; Ghinelli F; Sighinolfi L; Leoncini F; Mazzotta F; Pozzi M; Lo Caputo S; Grisorio B; Ferrara S; Pagano G; Cassola G; Alessandrini A; Piscopo R; Soscia F; Tacconi L; Orani A; Perini P; Tommasi D; Congedo P; Chiodera F; Castelli P; Moroni M; Lazzarin A; Rizzardini G; Caggese L; Monforte Ad; Galli A; Merli S; Pastecchia C; Moioli MC; Esposito R; Mussini C; Gori A; Cagni S; Abrescia N; Chirianni A; Izzo CM; De Marco M; Viglietti R; Manzillo E; Ferrari C; Pizzaferri P; Filice G; Bruno R; Magnani G; Ursitti MA; Arlotti M; Ortolani P; Cauda R; Andreoni M; Antinori A; Antonucci G; Narciso P; Tozzi V; Vullo V; De Luca A; Zaccarelli M; Acinapura R; De Longis P; Trotta MP; Lichtner M; Carletti F; Mura MC; Mannazzu M; Caramello P; Di Perri G; Orofino GC; Sciandra M; Raise E; Ebo F; Pellizzer G; Buonfrate D; Pradier C; Fontas E; Caissotti C; Dellamonica P; Bentz L; Bernard E; De Salvador-Guillouet F; Durant J; Mondain-Miton V; Perbost I; Prouvost-Keller B; Pugliese P; Rahelinirina V; Roger PM; Vandenbos F; Battegay M; Bernasconi E; Böni J; Bucher H; Bürgisser P; Cattacin S; Cavassini M; Dubs R; Egger M; Elzi L; Erb P; Fischer M; Flepp M; Fontana A; Francioli P; Furrer HJ; Gorgievski M; Günthard H; Hirschel B; Kaiser L; Kind C; Klimkait T; Lauper U; Ledergerber B; Opravil M; Paccaud F; Pantaleo G; Perrin L; Piffaretti JC; Rickenbach M; Schmid CR; Schüpbach J; Speck R; Telenti A; Trkola A; Vernazza P; Weber R; Yerly S
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54. Smit C, Geskus R, Walker S, Sabin C, Coutinho R, Porter K, Prins M, CASCADE Collaboration: Effective therapy has altered the spectrum of cause-specific mortality following HIV seroconversion. AIDS; 2006 Mar 21;20(5):741-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Causes of death (COD) were categorized into three AIDS-related and seven non-AIDS-related causes.
  • Pre-HAART, AIDS opportunistic infections (OI) was the most common COD, followed by unknown and HIV/AIDS-unspecified.
  • In the HAART era, the cumulative incidence for all AIDS-related COD decreased, OI remaining the most important.
  • The cumulative risk of death from AIDS-related malignancies, OI and non-AIDS-related malignancies decreased significantly among homosexual men (MSM), whereas the risk of dying from (un)-intentional death increased significantly among injecting drug users (IDU).
  • A non-significant increase in hepatitis/liver-related death was seen in MSM, IDU and haemophiliacs.
  • OI remain the most common COD in the HAART era, suggesting that AIDS-related events will continue to be important in the future.
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / mortality. Adult. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. CD4 Lymphocyte Count. Cohort Studies. Disease Progression. Female. Follow-Up Studies. HIV Seropositivity. Hepatitis / mortality. Hepatitis / virology. Humans. Incidence. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Male. Multivariate Analysis. RNA, Viral / blood. Risk. Substance Abuse, Intravenous


55. Morton LM, Curtis RE, Linet MS, Bluhm EC, Tucker MA, Caporaso N, Ries LA, Fraumeni JF Jr: Second malignancy risks after non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia: differences by lymphoma subtype. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Nov 20;28(33):4935-44
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  • [Title] Second malignancy risks after non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia: differences by lymphoma subtype.
  • PURPOSE: Previous studies have shown increased risks of second malignancies after non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL); however, no earlier investigation has quantified differences in risk of new malignancy by lymphoma subtype.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated second cancer and leukemia risks among 43,145 1-year survivors of CLL/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), or follicular lymphoma (FL) from 11 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) population-based registries during 1992 to 2006.
  • RESULTS: Among patients without HIV/AIDS-related lymphoma, lung cancer risks were significantly elevated after CLL/SLL and FL but not after DLBCL (standardized incidence ratio [SIR], CLL/SLL = 1.42, FL = 1.28, DLBCL = 1.00; Poisson regression P for difference among subtypes, P(Diff) = .001).
  • Patients with HIV/AIDS-related lymphoma (n = 932) were predominantly diagnosed with DLBCL and had significantly and substantially elevated risks for second anal cancer (SIR = 120.50) and Kaposi's sarcoma (SIR = 138.90).
  • CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that differing immunologic alterations, treatments (eg, alkylating agent chemotherapy), genetic susceptibilities, and other risk factors (eg, viral infections, tobacco use) among lymphoma subtypes contribute to the patterns of second malignancy risk.
  • Elucidating these patterns may provide etiologic clues to lymphoma as well as to the second malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 20940199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3020697
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56. Rao D, Debb S, Blitz D, Choi SW, Cella D: Racial/Ethnic differences in the health-related quality of life of cancer patients. J Pain Symptom Manage; 2008 Nov;36(5):488-96

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Racial/Ethnic differences in the health-related quality of life of cancer patients.
  • Previous research has suggested that, when compared to European Americans (EAs), African Americans (AAs) are at higher risk of metastatic disease at time of cancer diagnosis, and a higher risk of shorter survival.
  • Although AA patients have reported worse physical health than EA patients, studies have rarely addressed whether racial/ethnic disparities exist on the social, emotional, and functional aspects of health-related quality of life.
  • Five hundred and two AA and 396 EA patients with AIDS-related malignancies or breast, colon, head/neck, and lung cancers seeking treatment within the contiguous United States and Puerto Rico participated in the present study.
  • Responses on the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General were analyzed for possible racial/ethnic disparities using multivariable regression models and item response theory modeling to detect differential item functioning.
  • Differential item functioning was found in six items of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General, indicating that AA and EA participants had different probabilities of responding to these items.
  • Compared to EAs at the same level of health-related quality of life, AAs reported more severe symptomatology on items that reflected malaise and ability to work, and less severe symptomatology on items that reflected fatigue, treatment side effects, and outlook on life.
  • Some items appear to be responded to differently by AAs and EAs, suggesting it is important to consider race/ethnicity when evaluating responses to questions about health-related quality of life.

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  • (PMID = 18504096.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6513
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pain and symptom management
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pain Symptom Manage
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA61679; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / U01 AR052177; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / AR052177-04; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / U01 AR052177-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA061679
  • [Publication-type] Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS78122; NLM/ PMC2596636
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57. Brinker BT, Krown SE, Lee JY, Cesarman E, Chadburn A, Kaplan LD, Henry DH, Von Roenn JH: Phase 1/2 trial of BMS-275291 in patients with human immunodeficiency virus-related Kaposi sarcoma: a multicenter trial of the AIDS Malignancy Consortium. Cancer; 2008 Mar 1;112(5):1083-8
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  • [Title] Phase 1/2 trial of BMS-275291 in patients with human immunodeficiency virus-related Kaposi sarcoma: a multicenter trial of the AIDS Malignancy Consortium.
  • The safety and efficacy of a novel, orally bioavailable MMP inhibitor, BMS-275291, was evaluated in patients with human immunodeficiency virus-associated KS and the correlation between changes in the percentage of apoptotic cells in tumor biopsies and response was explored.
  • A DLT occurred in 3 patients treated with 600 mg twice daily, and included grade 3 fatigue, grade 3 allergic reaction, and grade 3 arthralgias; 2 responses were noted at this dose level (toxicity was graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria [version 2.0]).
  • The better-tolerated schedule of 1200 mg once a day demonstrated inadequate efficacy in patients with human immunodeficiency virus-associated KS.

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  • [CommentIn] Cancer. 2008 Mar 1;112(5):962-5 [18098222.001]
  • (PMID = 18224669.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 070019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 070054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 070058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 070062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 070079; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 083038; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA 121947
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Imidazoles; 0 / Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors; 259188-38-0 / N-((2S)-2-mercapto-1-oxo-4-(3,4,4- trimethyl-2,5-dioxo-1-imidazolidinyl)butyl)-L-leucyl-N,3- dimethyl-L-Valinamide
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58. Noy A, Scadden DT, Lee J, Dezube BJ, Aboulafia D, Tulpule A, Walmsley S, Gill P: Angiogenesis inhibitor IM862 is ineffective against AIDS-Kaposi's sarcoma in a phase III trial, but demonstrates sustained, potent effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy: from the AIDS Malignancy Consortium and IM862 Study Team. J Clin Oncol; 2005 Feb 10;23(5):990-8
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  • [Title] Angiogenesis inhibitor IM862 is ineffective against AIDS-Kaposi's sarcoma in a phase III trial, but demonstrates sustained, potent effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy: from the AIDS Malignancy Consortium and IM862 Study Team.
  • Phase I/II studies showed minimal toxicity and a response rate of 36% in AIDS-Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • However, IM862 was associated with both a shorter time to response (8.5 weeks v 14 weeks; P = .024) and shorter median time to progression (16 weeks, 95% CI, 13 to 27 weeks v 35 weeks, 95% CI, 26 to 114 weeks; P = .012).
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy alone was associated with a substantial rate of sustained tumor response and may have contributed to prior estimates of IM862 response.
  • Therapeutic trials for AIDS-Kaposi's sarcoma must account for ongoing immune reconstitution in the setting of concurrent highly active antiretroviral therapy that may confound estimates of therapeutic activity.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / drug therapy. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / drug therapy. Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Dipeptides / therapeutic use. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 15598977.001).
  • [ISSN] 0732-183X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070068; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070072; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070075; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070079; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA070081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA071375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083038; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA083118; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA70062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01CA83035
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenesis Inhibitors; 0 / Anti-HIV Agents; 0 / Dipeptides; 0 / Placebos; 122933-59-9 / thymogen
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59. Bower M, Palmieri C, Dhillon T: AIDS-related malignancies: changing epidemiology and the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Curr Opin Infect Dis; 2006 Feb;19(1):14-9
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  • [Title] AIDS-related malignancies: changing epidemiology and the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Three cancers in people with HIV denote an AIDS diagnosis: Kaposi's sarcoma, high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and invasive cervical cancer.
  • In addition a number of other cancers occur at increased frequency in this population group but are not AIDS-defining illnesses.
  • This review discusses the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the epidemiology and outcome of AIDS-defining cancers.
  • In contrast, highly active antiretroviral therapy has had little impact on the incidence of human papilloma virus-associated tumours (cervical and anal cancer) in people with HIV, although it may improve survival by reducing opportunistic infection deaths.
  • As people with HIV live longer with highly active antiretroviral therapy, an increased incidence of other non AIDS-defining cancers that have no known association with oncogenic infections is becoming apparent.
  • SUMMARY: For those with access to highly active antiretroviral therapy, the good news from the AIDS-defining cancers - particularly Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma - may be balanced by the increasing numbers of non AIDS-defining cancers.
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / drug therapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16374212.001).
  • [ISSN] 0951-7375
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 45
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60. Greene W, Kuhne K, Ye F, Chen J, Zhou F, Lei X, Gao SJ: Molecular biology of KSHV in relation to AIDS-associated oncogenesis. Cancer Treat Res; 2007;133:69-127
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Molecular biology of KSHV in relation to AIDS-associated oncogenesis.
  • KSHV has been established as the causative agent of KS, PEL, and MCD, malignancies occurring more frequently in AIDS patients.
  • KSHV latent infection and lytic reactivation are characterized by distinct gene expression profiles, and both latency and lytic reactivation seem to be required for malignant progression.
  • As a sophisticated oncogenic virus, KSHV has evolved to possess a formidable repertoire of potent mechanisms that enable it to target and manipulate host cell pathways, leading to increased cell proliferation, increased cell survival, dysregulated angiogenesis, evasion of immunity, and malignant progression in the immunocompromised host.
  • The complex interplay between the two viruses dramatically elevates the risk for development of KSHV-induced malignancies, KS, PEL, and MCD.
  • In fact, clinically significant immune deficiency is not necessary for the induction of KSHV-related malignancy.
  • Because of variables such as lack of access to therapy noncompliance with prescribed treatment, failure to respond to treatment and the development of drug-resistant strains of HIV, KSHV-induced malignancies will continue to present as major health concerns.

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  • (PMID = 17672038.001).
  • [ISSN] 0927-3042
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer treatment and research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Treat. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096512; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA124332-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096512-02; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE017333-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096512-03; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE017333-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA124332; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA096512-01A2; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE017333-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096512-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA132637-02; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE017333-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA096512-02; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE017333-03; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE017333; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096512-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096512-04; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE017333-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA132637; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA132637-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA124332-02
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 504
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS165766; NLM/ PMC2798888
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61. Tasaka S, Tokuda H, Sakai F, Fujii T, Tateda K, Johkoh T, Ohmagari N, Ohta H, Araoka H, Kikuchi Y, Yasui M, Inuzuka K, Goto H: Comparison of clinical and radiological features of pneumocystis pneumonia between malignancy cases and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome cases: a multicenter study. Intern Med; 2010;49(4):273-81
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. TRIMETHOPRIM/SULFAMETHOXAZOLE .

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  • [Title] Comparison of clinical and radiological features of pneumocystis pneumonia between malignancy cases and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome cases: a multicenter study.
  • Although PCP in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has been extensively described, its characteristics in non-AIDS patients, such as those with malignancies, are not thoroughly documented.
  • STUDY OBJECTIVE: To characterize and compare the clinical and imaging features of PCP in patients with malignancies with those in AIDS patients.
  • PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS: We evaluated the clinical and radiological features of PCP in 21 patients with malignancies and in 17 with AIDS.
  • RESULTS: The patients with malignancies showed shorter durations of symptoms before PCP was diagnosed.
  • None of the AIDS patients demonstrated consolidation, whereas half of the patients with malignancy showed consolidation along with GGO.
  • The extent of GGO scored on CT images was significantly greater in the AIDS patients.
  • All of the AIDS patients recovered from PCP, whereas six patients with malignancies died within a month after the onset of PCP.
  • CONCLUSION: The characteristics of the CT images differed between the patient groups with different underlying disorders, although it remains to be determined whether CT findings are associated with other clinical features or are predictive of the outcome of PCP.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis. Neoplasms / complications. Pneumonia, Pneumocystis / diagnosis. Pneumonia, Pneumocystis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20154431.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Infective Agents; 0 / Biomarkers; 8064-90-2 / Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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62. Yarchoan R, Pluda JM, Wyvill KM, Aleman K, Rodriguez-Chavez IR, Tosato G, Catanzaro AT, Steinberg SM, Little RF: Treatment of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma with interleukin-12: rationale and preliminary evidence of clinical activity. Crit Rev Immunol; 2007;27(5):401-14
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  • [Title] Treatment of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma with interleukin-12: rationale and preliminary evidence of clinical activity.
  • In addition, it can downregulate a constitutively active G protein coupled receptor that is encoded by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, the causative agent of KS.
  • In an initial phase I pilot study, IL-12 was found to have anti-KS activity when used alone in patients with AIDS-associated KS who were on a stable regimen of antiretroviral therapy.
  • In preliminary results from a subsequent study of the combination of IL-12 plus liposomal doxorubicin along with highly active antiretroviral therapy, remissions were obtained in a substantial percentage of patients with advanced AIDS-associated KS.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / drug therapy. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Interleukin-12 / therapeutic use. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy


63. Pal J, Karmakar PS, Ray A, Saha S, Roy K, Talukdar A, Roy MK, Debnath NB: Opportunistic infections of central nervous system in AIDS. J Indian Med Assoc; 2009 Jul;107(7):446-9
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  • [Title] Opportunistic infections of central nervous system in AIDS.
  • HIV/AIDS is a new epidemic in current century.
  • Virtually all systems are affected either directly by virus or by oppurtunistic infections or by malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology. Central Nervous System Diseases / virology

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  • (PMID = 20112847.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-5847
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Indian Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Indian Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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64. Nwosu NN: HIV/AIDS in ophthalmic patients: The Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha experience. Niger Postgrad Med J; 2008 Mar;15(1):24-7
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  • [Title] HIV/AIDS in ophthalmic patients: The Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha experience.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence and pattern of ocular problems of HIV/AIDS at the Guinness Eye Centre Onitsha, Nigeria.
  • Non-HIV ocular lesions occurred in 20 patients (20%) as follows: bacterial corneal ulcer (8%); globe laceration (6%); non-CMV associated rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, cataract, and secondary orbital tumour (2% each).
  • Systemic co-morbidities were present in 10 patients (10%), namely, emaciation (6%), pulmonary tuberculosis and abdominal malignancy with orbital metastases (2% each).
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / complications. AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Comorbidity. Female. Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus / complications. Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Nigeria / epidemiology. Retinal Diseases / complications. Retinal Diseases / epidemiology


65. Desmet S, Van Wijngaerden E, Maertens J, Verhaegen J, Verbeken E, De Munter P, Meersseman W, Van Meensel B, Van Eldere J, Lagrou K: Serum (1-3)-beta-D-glucan as a tool for diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection or hematological malignancy. J Clin Microbiol; 2009 Dec;47(12):3871-4
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  • [Title] Serum (1-3)-beta-D-glucan as a tool for diagnosis of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection or hematological malignancy.
  • (1-3)-Beta-D-Glucan (BG) reactivity was tested in serum samples from 28 patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection or a hematological malignancy and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) and 28 control patients.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis. HIV Infections / complications. Hematologic Neoplasms / complications. Pneumocystis jirovecii. Pneumonia, Pneumocystis / diagnosis. beta-Glucans

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  • [Cites] Chest. 2009 Mar;135(3):655-61 [19265086.001]
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  • (PMID = 19846641.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-660X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Microbiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / beta-1,3-D-glucan; 0 / beta-Glucans
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2786638
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66. Martí-Carvajal AJ, Cardona AF, Rodríguez ML: Interventions for treating AIDS-associated Hodgkin s lymphoma in treatment-naive adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2007;(2):CD006149
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  • [Title] Interventions for treating AIDS-associated Hodgkin s lymphoma in treatment-naive adults.
  • BACKGROUND: Hodgkin's disease (HD) is the most common non-AIDS-defining malignancy in HIV-infected patients.
  • Thus, there is a need to identify the efficacy and safety of different interventions for AIDS-associated HD on overall survival and disease-free survival in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different interventions for treating AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease including chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation (BMT), and gene therapy on overall survival and disease-free survival in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched The Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group Trials Register (September 2006), which comprises references identified from comprehensive electronic database searches and handsearching of relevant journals and abstract books of conference proceedings.
  • MAIN RESULTS: We were unable to find any randomised controlled trials of interventions for treating AIDS-associated HD in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Randomised controlled trials are needed to establish the efficacy and safety of interventions for treating AIDS-associated HD in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17443616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 75
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67. Marin B, Thiébaut R, Bucher HC, Rondeau V, Costagliola D, Dorrucci M, Hamouda O, Prins M, Walker S, Porter K, Sabin C, Chêne G: Non-AIDS-defining deaths and immunodeficiency in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy. AIDS; 2009 Aug 24;23(13):1743-53
HAL archives ouvertes. Full text from .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Non-AIDS-defining deaths and immunodeficiency in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess whether immunodeficiency is associated with the most frequent non-AIDS-defining causes of death in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).
  • RESULTS: Among 9858 patients (71 230 person-years follow-up), 597 died, 333 (55.7%) from non-AIDS-defining causes.
  • Non-AIDS-defining infection, liver disease, non-AIDS-defining malignancy and cardiovascular disease accounted for 53% of non-AIDS deaths.
  • For each 100 cells/microl increment in the latest CD4 cell count, we found a 64% (95% confidence interval 58-69%) reduction in risk of death from AIDS-defining causes and significant reductions in death from non-AIDS infections (32, 18-44%), end-stage liver disease (33, 18-46%) and non-AIDS malignancies (34, 21-45%).
  • Non-AIDS-defining causes of death were also associated with nadir CD4 while being cART-naive or duration of exposure to immunosuppression.
  • No relationship between risk of death from cardiovascular disease and CD4 cell count was found though there was a raised risk associated with elevated HIV RNA.
  • CONCLUSION: In the cART era, the most frequent non-AIDS-defining causes of death are associated with immunodeficiency, only cardiovascular disease was associated with high viral replication.
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / immunology. AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / mortality. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. CD4 Lymphocyte Count. Cardiovascular Diseases / complications. Cardiovascular Diseases / immunology. Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality. Epidemiologic Methods. Female. Humans. Immune Tolerance. Liver Diseases / complications. Liver Diseases / immunology. Liver Diseases / mortality. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasms / complications. Neoplasms / immunology. Neoplasms / mortality. Young Adult


68. Smego RA Jr, Orlovic D, Wadula J: An algorithmic approach to intracranial mass lesions in HIV/AIDS. Int J STD AIDS; 2006 Apr;17(4):271-6
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  • [Title] An algorithmic approach to intracranial mass lesions in HIV/AIDS.
  • We developed a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm for intracranial mass lesions in patients with HIV/AIDS that obviates the need for neurosurgical intervention.
  • An algorithmic approach can accurately identify the cause(s) of central nervous system (CNS) mass lesions in HIV-infected patients, and SPECT scanning can replace stereotactic brain biopsy in most cases where opportunistic malignancy is suspected.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis. Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Decision Support Techniques

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  • (PMID = 16595052.001).
  • [ISSN] 0956-4624
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of STD & AIDS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J STD AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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69. Cornejo-Juárez P, Volkow-Fernández P, Avilés-Salas A, Calderón-Flores E: AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico. Rev Invest Clin; 2008 Sep-Oct;60(5):375-81
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  • [Title] AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico.
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) associated with HIV became an AIDS-defining condition early in the epidemic and remains the second most common malignancy in patients with AIDS.
  • With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the incidence and mortality of AIDS-related opportunistic infections and Kaposi's sarcoma has fallen dramatically, this trend is not observed so clearly for NHL.
  • Our objective was to review the clinical spectrum of patients with AIDS-associated NHL and to analyze the impact of HAART on survival at an oncological tertiary center.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed all medical records and histopathologic tissue of patients with HIV-associated NHL seen from January 1990 to September 2007 at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia in Mexico City.
  • [MeSH-major] Cancer Care Facilities / statistics & numerical data. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19227434.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-8376
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de investigación clínica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Invest. Clin.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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70. Riggs RM, McCarthy J: Vulvar Kaposi's sarcoma in a woman with AIDS: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2005 Sep;50(9):730-2
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

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  • [Title] Vulvar Kaposi's sarcoma in a woman with AIDS: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Kaposi's sarcoma is the most common malignancy among HIV patients.
  • CASE: A 38-year-old, multiparous woman and AIDS patient presented with left vulvar edema and pain.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / etiology. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Sarcoma, Kaposi / etiology. Vulvar Neoplasms / etiology


71. Lin L, Lee JY, Kaplan LD, Dezube BJ, Noy A, Krown SE, Levine AM, Yu Y, Hayward GS, Ambinder RF: Effects of chemotherapy in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus DNA in blood. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15):2496-502
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  • [Title] Effects of chemotherapy in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus DNA in blood.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the relative frequency with which Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/HHV-8 (KSHV) DNA is detected in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in plasma of patients with AIDS-KS and AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; AIDS-NHL); to determine whether the presence of viral DNA in plasma reflects lysis of tumor cells or reflects the presence of viremia (ie, virion-encapsidated DNA); and to determine the effect of lymphoma therapy on KSHV DNA.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Samples were obtained from patients enrolled in AIDS Malignancy Consortium clinical trials and from healthy donors.
  • RESULTS: In patients with AIDS-KS, KSHV DNA was detected in PBMC (54%) and in plasma (62%).
  • In patients with AIDS-NHL, KSHV DNA was detected in PBMC (19%) and in plasma (22%).
  • In six patients with AIDS-NHL who were treated with chemotherapy (with or without rituximab), KSHV copy number declined in PBMC and in plasma.
  • CONCLUSION: KSHV DNA is sometimes detected in PBMC or in plasma of patients with AIDS-NHL without KS.
  • Among patients with KSHV DNA detected in PBMC or in plasma, copy number does not distinguish between patients with AIDS-NHL and AIDS-KS.

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  • (PMID = 19349542.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA96888; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083038; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083035; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070072; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083118; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA071375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070079; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA70081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA70058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA121947; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / DNA, Viral
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2684854
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72. Satyanarayana S, Nema S, Kalghatgi AT, Mehta SR, Rai R, Duggal R, Bhardwaj JR: Disseminated Strongyloides stercoralis in AIDS: a report from India. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2005 Oct;48(4):472-4
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  • [Title] Disseminated Strongyloides stercoralis in AIDS: a report from India.
  • We report a fatal case of disseminated strongyloidiasis masquerading clinically as stage IV caecal malignancy diagnosed at post mortem by needle necropsy.
  • Enteric organisms like Group D streptococci and candida sp were also associated.
  • We believe that this is the first report of widespread dissemination of S. stercoralis in AIDS from India.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis. Strongyloides stercoralis. Strongyloidiasis / complications. Strongyloidiasis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16366097.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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73. Little RF, Aleman K, Kumar P, Wyvill KM, Pluda JM, Read-Connole E, Wang V, Pittaluga S, Catanzaro AT, Steinberg SM, Yarchoan R: Phase 2 study of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in combination with interleukin-12 for AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma. Blood; 2007 Dec 15;110(13):4165-71
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  • [Title] Phase 2 study of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in combination with interleukin-12 for AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma.
  • Thirty-six patients with AIDS-associated Kaposi sarcoma (KS) requiring chemotherapy were treated for six 3-week cycles of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (20 mg/m(2)) plus interleukin-12 (IL-12; 300 ng/kg subcutaneously twice weekly), followed by 500 ng/kg subcutaneous IL-12 twice weekly for up to 3 years.
  • The regimen of IL-12 plus liposomal doxorubicin yielded rapid tumor responses and a high response rate in patients with AIDS-KS receiving HAART, and responses were sustained on IL-12 maintenance therapy.
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / drug therapy. Adult. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Chemokine CXCL10 / blood. Drug Therapy, Combination. Humans. Interferon-gamma / blood. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17846226.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00020449
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CXCL10 protein, human; 0 / Chemokine CXCL10; 0 / liposomal doxorubicin; 187348-17-0 / Interleukin-12; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2234790
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74. Laurido M, Urueña A, Vizzotti C, Bugarin G, Cassetti I: [Incidence variation in malignancies associated or not with AIDS at an outpatient care center, 1997-2005]. Medicina (B Aires); 2007;67(3):243-6
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  • [Title] [Incidence variation in malignancies associated or not with AIDS at an outpatient care center, 1997-2005].
  • In Argentina there are no published data on the incidence of AIDS (ARM) and non-AIDS related malignancies (non-ARM) in the HIV positive population.
  • Our aim was to establish the incidence of these malignancies at an ambulatory care center between 1997 and 2005.
  • We describe 103 cases of malignancies, 73 out of them were ARM and 30 were non-ARM.
  • Among those patients with ARM, simultaneous diagnosis of malignancy and HIV infection was more frequently seen (p <0.001) and the proportion of patients with AIDS was higher (p = 0.015).
  • Among those patients with non-ARM the mean duration of HIV infection and HAART was higher (p = 0.038 and 0.002 respectively); also was higher the mean CD4 count nadir (p = 0.009), and CD4 count at the time of malignancy diagnosis (p <0.001).
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / complications. AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / drug therapy. AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / mortality. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / drug therapy. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / mortality. Adult. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Argentina / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Immunocompromised Host. Incidence. Male. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17628911.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-7680
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Medicina (B Aires)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Argentina
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75. Buchacz K, Baker RK, Palella FJ Jr, Chmiel JS, Lichtenstein KA, Novak RM, Wood KC, Brooks JT, HOPS Investigators: AIDS-defining opportunistic illnesses in US patients, 1994-2007: a cohort study. AIDS; 2010 Jun 19;24(10):1549-59
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  • [Title] AIDS-defining opportunistic illnesses in US patients, 1994-2007: a cohort study.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence and spectrum of AIDS-defining opportunistic illnesses in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (cART) era.
  • METHODS: We calculated incidence rates per 1000 person-years of observation for the first opportunistic infection, first opportunistic malignancy, and first occurrence of each individual opportunistic illness during 1994-2007.
  • During 1994-1997, 1998-2002, and 2003-2007, respectively, rates of opportunistic infections (per 1000 person-years) were 89.0, 25.2 and 13.3 and rates of opportunistic malignancies were 23.4, 5.8 and 3.0 (P for trend <0.001 for both).
  • During 2003-2007, there were no significant changes in annual rates of opportunistic infections or opportunistic malignancies; the leading opportunistic illnesses (rate per 1000 person-years) were esophageal candidiasis (5.2), Pneumocystis pneumonia (3.9), cervical cancer (3.5), Mycobacterium avium complex infection (2.5), and cytomegalovirus disease (1.8); 36% opportunistic illness events occurred at CD4 cell counts at least 200 cells/microl.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology. Immunocompromised Host. Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20502317.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5571
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / PHS HHS / / 200-2001-00133; United States / PHS HHS / / 200-2006-18797
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Investigator] Brooks JT; Buchacz K; Durham M; Wood K; Baker RK; Richardson JT; Hankerson D; Armon C; Palella FJ; Chmiel JS; Studney C; Enyia O; Lichtenstein KA; Stewart C; Hammer J; Young B; Greenberg KS; Widick B; Axinn JD; Yangco BG; Halkias K; Ward DJ; Miller J; Fuhrer J; Ording-Bauer L; Kelly R; Esteves J; Tedaldi EM; Christian RA; Ruley F; Beadle D; Novak RM; Wendrow A
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76. De Socio GV, Simonetti S, Rosignoli D, Minga P, Tomassini GM, Baldelli F: Topical cidofovir for severe warts in a patient affected by AIDS and Hodgkin's lymphoma. Int J STD AIDS; 2008 Oct;19(10):715-6
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CIDOFOVIR .

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  • [Title] Topical cidofovir for severe warts in a patient affected by AIDS and Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • We describe a 42-year-old man with AIDS and Hodgkin's lymphoma whose severe and recalcitrant cutaneous warts resolved following treatment with local 1% cidofovir.
  • In advanced HIV disease complicated by additional haematological malignancy, cutaneous warts may be difficult to treat and present a challenge for the attending physicians.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiviral Agents / administration & dosage. Cytosine / analogs & derivatives. HIV Infections / complications. Hodgkin Disease / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications. Organophosphonates / administration & dosage. Warts / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18824628.001).
  • [ISSN] 0956-4624
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of STD & AIDS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J STD AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents; 0 / Organophosphonates; 8J337D1HZY / Cytosine; JIL713Q00N / cidofovir
  •