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1. Sparano JA: HIV-associated lymphoma: the evidence for treating aggressively but with caution. Curr Opin Oncol; 2007 Sep;19(5):458-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HIV-associated lymphoma: the evidence for treating aggressively but with caution.
  • PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The aim of this article is to review key reports regarding the biology and management of HIV-associated lymphoma during the past year.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has been associated with a reduced risk of primary cerebral and systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a stable or slightly increased risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma, and improved prognosis for those who develop HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Emerging evidence suggests that patients with HIV-associated lymphoma should be treated in a similar manner as immunocompetent patients with the same disease, especially if the CD4 count is 50-100 cells/mul or higher.
  • Use of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab in combination with chemotherapy appears to result in improved control of B-cell lymphoma, but may come at the expense of an increased risk of bacterial and viral infections.
  • SUMMARY: Although the evidence currently supports an aggressive and curative approach for the management of HIV-associated lymphoma, clinicians must be vigilant about implementing infection prophylaxis and promptly recognizing, diagnosing, and treating bacterial, parasitic, fungal, and viral infections that may occur as a consequence of therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy


2. Martí-Carvajal AJ, Cardona AF, Lawrence A: Interventions for previously untreated patients with AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2009;(3):CD005419
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  • [Title] Interventions for previously untreated patients with AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is known to be associated with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of single agent or combination chemotherapy with or without immunochemotherapy (rituximab) and with or without highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) for previously untreated patients with AIDS-related NHL.
  • For additional information see the Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group search strategy.
  • SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effectiveness of systemic treatments for previously untreated AIDS-related NHL.
  • Disease free survival (DFS) was reported in two of the four RCTs, but it was not statistically significant between treatment groups.
  • AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence that the systemic interventions for untreated patients with AIDS-related NHL provide superior clinical effectiveness for improving OS, DSF, and tumour response rate; however, this conclusion is based on four RCTs with limited sample size and variable quality.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Bleomycin / administration & dosage. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Dexamethasone / administration & dosage. Disease-Free Survival. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Female. Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / administration & dosage. Humans. Leucovorin / administration & dosage. Male. Methotrexate / administration & dosage. Prednisolone / administration & dosage. Prednisone / administration & dosage. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Rituximab. Vincristine / administration & dosage. Vindesine / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 19588373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 83869-56-1 / Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; RSA8KO39WH / Vindesine; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate; LNH 87 protocol; M-BACOD protocol; VAP-cyclo protocol
  • [Number-of-references] 112
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3. Srisawat N, Avihingsanon A, Praditpornsilpa K, Jiamjarasrangsi W, Eiam-Ong S, Avihingsanon Y: A prevalence of posttransplantation cancers compared with cancers in people with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome after highly active antiretroviral therapy. Transplant Proc; 2008 Oct;40(8):2677-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Organ transplant recipients and human immunodeficiency virus & acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients have immune deficiencies that are possible mechanisms to develop malignancy.
  • The type of cancers associated with these 2 conditions might elucidate this premise.
  • AIM: Our aim was to compare prevalence and type of cancers between kidney transplant recipients and patients with HIV/AIDS.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 344 patients who underwent kidney transplantation from 1973 to 2007 compared them with 863 subjects with HIV/AIDS at the HIV-Netherlands/Australia/Thailand Research Collaboration (HIV-NAT) from 1997 to 2007.
  • AIDS-defining cancers were excluded from the analysis.
  • RESULTS: The overall cancer risk for kidney transplant recipients (standardized incidence ratio [SIR] = 4.21) was comparable with HIV-infected patients (SIR = 3.88).
  • Uroepithelial cancer was the most prevalent type in kidney transplant recipients, whereas cervical cancer was the most common malignancy in HIV-infected patients.
  • The risks of developing hepatoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma were comparable between the groups.
  • CONCLUSION: Kidney transplant recipients and HIV-infected patients show increased overall risks of certain types of cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. HIV Infections / complications. Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects. Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Liver Neoplasms / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology


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4. Powles T, Robinson D, Stebbing J, Shamash J, Nelson M, Gazzard B, Mandelia S, Møller H, Bower M: Highly active antiretroviral therapy and the incidence of non-AIDS-defining cancers in people with HIV infection. J Clin Oncol; 2009 Feb 20;27(6):884-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Highly active antiretroviral therapy and the incidence of non-AIDS-defining cancers in people with HIV infection.
  • PURPOSE: The effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the incidence of non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs) is unclear.
  • METHODS: We have investigated the occurrence of NADCs in a prospective cohort of 11,112 HIV-positive individuals, with 71,687 patient-years of follow-up.
  • We investigated the effect of calendar period, HIV parameters, and immunologic and treatment-related factors on the incidence of these cancers using univariate and multivariate analyses.
  • Multivariate analysis showed that use of HAART (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.64; 95% CI, 1.13 to 2.39) and a nadir CD4 count less than 200/microL (HR = 1.67; 95% CI, 1.10 to 2.54) were associated with an increased risk.
  • Only the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) were associated with a significantly increased risk of NADCs (HR = 1.45; 95% CI, 1.01 to 2.08).
  • Much of this association was attributable to an increased risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma with NNRTIs (HR = 2.20; 95% CI, 1.03 to 4.69).
  • A number of factors are associated with this increased risk, including HAART use.
  • There may be an association between the use of NNRTIs and the development of Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active / adverse effects. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Neoplasms / epidemiology


5. Spina M, Tirelli U: Rituximab for HIV-associated lymphoma: weighing the benefits and risks. Curr Opin Oncol; 2005 Sep;17(5):462-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rituximab for HIV-associated lymphoma: weighing the benefits and risks.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the potential benefits and risks of using the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab for the treatment of HIV-associated B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have consistently demonstrated that rituximab improves response and survival when combined with standard chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone in immunocompetent patients with intermediate-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Several recently reported phase II and III trials have evaluated the use of rituximab plus chemotherapy for HIV-associated B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Phase II trials combining rituximab with either standard cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) chemotherapy or infusional chemotherapy have reported encouraging results, suggesting a similar benefit in HIV-positive individuals.
  • A phase III trial comparing CHOP with CHOP-plus rituximab (R-CHOP) demonstrated a lower risk from progression of the lymphoma, but a higher risk of early and late infectious-related death in patients with a low CD4 count (< 50/microL).
  • SUMMARY: Rituximab should be used cautiously in patients with advanced HIV infection who have a CD4 count of less than 50/microL, as it seems to increase the risk of developing fatal infectious complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16093796.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8746
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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6. Noy A: Update in HIV lymphoma. Curr Opin Oncol; 2006 Sep;18(5):449-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Update in HIV lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the control of HIV infection in industrialized nations, individuals infected with HIV remain at increased risk of malignancies.
  • Lymphoma is the most common HIV-associated malignancy in these countries.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Investigators continue to demonstrate that HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma remains a significant problem, even in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • The majority of work has been in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, with infusional therapy remaining promising, and rituximab an area of investigation.
  • The latter improves complete response rates, but is associated with an increased incidence of infections.
  • Biological insights have been gained into the spectrum of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease, and include further work on virological co-infections.
  • SUMMARY: The outcome for individuals infected with HIV and developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease continues to improve as insights into the pathophysiology and treatment advance.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Retroviral Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16894292.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8746
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 45
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7. Stern JI, Raizer JJ: Primary central nervous system lymphoma. Expert Rev Neurother; 2005 Nov;5(6 Suppl):S63-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary central nervous system lymphoma.
  • Primary central nervous system lymphoma is a stage 1E non-Hodgkin's lymphoma confined to the nervous system.
  • It is seen in immunocompetent and immunodeficient populations, the latter group associated with the Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Primary central nervous system lymphoma can affect the brain, leptomeninges, spinal cord or eyes.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / pathology. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / therapy. Lymphoma / pathology. Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Drug Therapy / methods. Expert Testimony. Humans. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related. Prognosis. Radiotherapy / methods. Salvage Therapy / methods. Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Steroids / therapeutic use

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  • [CommentIn] Expert Rev Neurother. 2005 Nov;5(6 Suppl):1-2 [16274264.001]
  • (PMID = 16274272.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8360
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of neurotherapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Neurother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Steroids
  • [Number-of-references] 76
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8. Bonifaz A, Vázquez-González D, Macías B, Paredes-Farrera F, Hernández MA, Araiza J, Ponce RM: Oral geotrichosis: report of 12 cases. J Oral Sci; 2010 Sep;52(3):477-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This communication reports both a 20-year retrospective study of clinically and mycologically proven cases of oral geotrichosis, and a prospective study of fungal oral flora in 200 individuals divided into two groups: normal individuals and individuals with associated conditions.
  • Twelve patients with proven oral geotrichosis were included: 9 females and 3 males, with a mean age of 48.5 years; the associated conditions were diabetes mellitus (66.6%), leukemia, Hodgkin's lymphoma and HIV/AIDS infection.
  • Oral geotrichosis is an exceptional infection that clinically presents, and is treated, as oral candidiasis. G. candidum may be isolated from the oral flora of a small proportion of patients, either normal individuals or those with associated conditions.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Candidiasis, Oral / pathology. Diabetes Complications. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. HIV Infections / complications. Humans. Hyphae / isolation & purification. Immunocompromised Host. Leukemia / complications. Lymphoma / complications. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 20881343.001).
  • [ISSN] 1880-4926
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Oral Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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9. Orem J, Fu P, Ness A, Mwanda WO, Remick SC: Oral combination chemotherapy in the treatment of AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease. East Afr Med J; 2005 Sep;82(9 Suppl):S144-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oral combination chemotherapy in the treatment of AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of an oral combination chemotherapy regimen administered to patients with AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical demographic variables, peripheral blood counts, serum chemistries, CD4 lymphocyte count, histopathological subtype of Hodgkin's disease were identified for all patients, who were staged according to Ann Arbor criteria.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This feasibility study demonstrates acceptable tolerance and excellent clinical activity of oral combination chemotherapy in patients with AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16619690.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] East African medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] East Afr Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Kenya
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 35S93Y190K / Procarbazine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7BRF0Z81KG / Lomustine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
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10. Levine AM: Management of AIDS-related lymphoma. Curr Opin Oncol; 2008 Sep;20(5):522-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Management of AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy, the epidemiology of AIDS-lymphoma has changed, and prognosis has improved.
  • Although the incidence of AIDS-lymphoma has decreased, the incidence of HIV-associated Hodgkin's lymphoma has increased; mechanisms for these changes in epidemiology will be discussed.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Use of highly active antiretroviral therapy, either concomitantly or immediately after completion of chemotherapy, has resulted in rates of complete remission and survival that are similar to those in HIV-negative patients.
  • The use of rituximab, while initially controversial because of reports of increased risk of infectious death, is associated with improved outcome; the increased risk of infectious death has not been confirmed.
  • The infusional etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin regimen is associated with excellent results.
  • High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplant is associated with long-term, disease-free survival in approximately 50-80% of patients with relapsed/refractory AIDS-lymphoma.
  • Addition of rituximab is associated with improved response rates, without an increase in infections.
  • Infusional etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin is associated with excellent results among patients with either diffuse large B cell lymphoma or Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Optimal therapy for patients with HIV-Hodgkin's lymphoma has not yet been defined.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19106654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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11. Grulich AE: Cancer: the effects of HIV and antiretroviral therapy, and implications for early antiretroviral therapy initiation. Curr Opin HIV AIDS; 2009 May;4(3):183-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cancer: the effects of HIV and antiretroviral therapy, and implications for early antiretroviral therapy initiation.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As the immune status of people with HIV has improved, non-AIDS-defining malignancies have become proportionately much more important as causes of morbidity and mortality in this population.
  • This review examines whether the incidence and mortality from cancer is associated with impaired immunity and whether effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) may reduce risk of cancer.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Kaposi's sarcoma is substantially and rapidly reduced by effective ART.
  • Study of other cancer types has been hampered by their relatively infrequent occurrence, but there is emerging evidence that a large range of around 20 cancer types are associated with immune deficiency.
  • SUMMARY: Cancer is increasingly being recognized as an important cause of morbidity and mortality in people with HIV and at least some of the excess risk in people with HIV may be reversible by earlier ART.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active / methods. HIV Infections / complications. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Neoplasms / complications. Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19532048.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-6318
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in HIV and AIDS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin HIV AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 43
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12. Ayers LW, Silver S, McGrath MS, Orenstein JM: The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource: role in HIV/AIDS scientific discovery. Infect Agent Cancer; 2007;2:7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource: role in HIV/AIDS scientific discovery.
  • The AIDS Cancer and Specimen Resource (ACSR) supports scientific discovery in the area of HIV/AIDS-associated malignancies.
  • The ACSR was established as a cooperative agreement between the NCI (Office of the Director, Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis) and regional consortia, University of California, San Francisco (West Coast), George Washington University (East Coast) and Ohio State University (Mid-Region) to collect, preserve and disperse HIV-related tissues and biologic fluids and controls along with clinical data to qualified investigators.
  • The ACSR tissue bank has more than 100,000 human HIV positive specimens that represent different processing (43), specimen (15), and anatomical site (50) types.
  • Requests have been greatest for Kaposi's sarcoma (32%) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (26%).
  • ACSR also provides tissue microarrays of, e.g., Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, for biomarker assays and has developed collaborations with other groups that provide access to additional AIDS-related malignancy specimens.
  • The ACSR promotes the scientific exploration of the relationship between HIV/AIDS and malignancy by participation at national and international scientific meetings, contact with investigators who have productive research in this area and identifying, collecting, preserving, enhancing, and dispersing HIV/AIDS-related malignancy specimens to funded, approved researchers at no fee.

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  • (PMID = 17335575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-9378
  • [Journal-full-title] Infectious agents and cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Agents Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066531
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1851770
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13. Hassan A, Kreisel F, Gardner L, Lewis JS Jr, El-Mofty SK: Plasmablastic lymphoma of head and neck: report of two new cases and correlation with c-myc and IgVH gene mutation status. Head Neck Pathol; 2007 Dec;1(2):150-5
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  • [Title] Plasmablastic lymphoma of head and neck: report of two new cases and correlation with c-myc and IgVH gene mutation status.
  • Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (AIDS-NHL), with predilection for the mucosa of oral cavity.
  • It usually has a plasmablastic morphology, expressing plasma cell-associated antigens with weak or absent expression of B-cell-associated markers.
  • For the first time we report a case of AIDS-related PBL that, by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), shows a c-myc gene rearrangement.
  • Although current literature suggests that most cases of c-myc gene rearranged AIDS-NHL are Burkitt's lymphoma, our case has an immunophenotype characteristic for PBL.
  • The concurrent B-cell immunophenotype of BCL-6(-)/CD138(+)/MUM-1(+) also suggests a post-germinal center B-cell origin of this lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Immunoglobulin Variable Region / genetics. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20614267.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807524
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma / Immunoglobulin variable heavy chain hypermutation status / Plasmablastic lymphoma / c-myc gene rearrangement
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14. Balderas V, Spechler SJ: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with AIDS. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2006 Jun;3(6):349-53; quiz following 353
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  • [Title] Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with AIDS.
  • BACKGROUND: A 38-year-old man with AIDS and hepatitis C was admitted to our hospital in January 2005, with complaints of epigastric pain, odynophagia, and melena of 4 days' duration.
  • DIAGNOSIS: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the stomach (diffuse large B-cell type) with associated gastric ulceration and bleeding.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal. Hemostasis, Endoscopic. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / complications. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Male


15. Salemi M, Lamers SL, Huysentruyt LC, Galligan D, Gray RR, Morris A, McGrath MS: Distinct patterns of HIV-1 evolution within metastatic tissues in patients with non-Hodgkins lymphoma. PLoS One; 2009 Dec 03;4(12):e8153
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  • [Title] Distinct patterns of HIV-1 evolution within metastatic tissues in patients with non-Hodgkins lymphoma.
  • Despite highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), AIDS related lymphoma (ARL) occurs at a significantly higher rate in patients infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) than in the general population.
  • HIV-infected macrophages are a known viral reservoir and have been shown to have lymphomagenic potential in SCID mice; therefore, there is an interest in determining if a viral component to lymphomagenesis also exists.
  • We sequenced HIV-1 envelope gp120 clones obtained post mortem from several tumor and non-tumor tissues of two patients who died with AIDS-related Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (ARL-NH).
  • 1) high-resolution phylogenetic analysis showed a significant degree of compartmentalization between lymphoma and non-lymphoma viral sub-populations while viral sub-populations from lymph nodes appeared to be intermixed within sequences from tumor and non-tumor tissues, 2) a 100-fold increase in the effective HIV population size in tumor versus non-tumor tissues was associated with the emergence of lymphadenopathy and aggressive metastatic ARL, and 3) HIV gene flow among lymph nodes, normal and metastatic tissues was non-random.
  • The different population dynamics between the viruses found in tumors versus the non-tumor associated viruses suggest that there is a significant relationship between HIV evolution and lymphoma pathogenesis.
  • Moreover, the study indicates that HIV could be used as an effective marker to study the origin and dissemination of lymphomas in vivo.

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  • (PMID = 19997510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA096230; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA096230-06; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI065265; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS063897-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066529; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS063897; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009126; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS063897-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066529-14; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS063897; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA09126
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HIV Core Protein p24; 0 / HIV Envelope Protein gp120
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2780293
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16. Spina M, Simonelli C, Tirelli U: Phase II trial of CHOP plus rituximab in patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Clin Oncol; 2007 Feb 20;25(6):e7
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  • [Title] Phase II trial of CHOP plus rituximab in patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use. Disease-Free Survival. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Doxorubicin / therapeutic use. Drug Administration Schedule. Female. Humans. Male. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Rituximab. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • [CommentOn] J Clin Oncol. 2006 Sep 1;24(25):4123-8 [16896005.001]
  • (PMID = 17308261.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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17. Landgren O, Goedert JJ, Rabkin CS, Wilson WH, Dunleavy K, Kyle RA, Katzmann JA, Rajkumar SV, Engels EA: Circulating serum free light chains as predictive markers of AIDS-related lymphoma. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Feb 10;28(5):773-9
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  • [Title] Circulating serum free light chains as predictive markers of AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE HIV-infected persons have an elevated risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL); this risk remains increased in the era of effective HIV therapy.
  • We evaluated serum immunoglobulin (Ig) proteins as predictors of NHL risk among HIV-infected individuals.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS By using three cohorts of HIV-infected persons (from 1982 to 2005), we identified 66 individuals who developed NHL and 225 matched (by cohort, sex, ethnicity, age, and CD4 count), HIV-infected, lymphoma-free controls who had available stored prediagnostic blood samples.
  • M proteins were detected in only two patients with NHL (3%) and in nine controls (4%), and they were not significantly associated with NHL risk.
  • CONCLUSION Elevated FLCs may represent sensitive markers of polyclonal B-cell activation and dysfunction and could be useful for identifying HIV-infected persons at increased NHL risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains / blood. Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains / blood. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20048176.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CP010150-08; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA062242; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 107476; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107476; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 62242
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains; 0 / Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2834393
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18. Bosch Príncep R, Lejeune M, Salvadó Usach MT, Jaén Martínez J, Pons Ferré LE, Alvaro Naranjo T: Decreased number of granzyme B+ activated CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes in the inflammatory background of HIV-associated Hodgkin's lymphoma. Ann Hematol; 2005 Oct;84(10):661-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Decreased number of granzyme B+ activated CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes in the inflammatory background of HIV-associated Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • This study aimed to assess the differences in the cellular composition of the inflammatory reactive background around tumoral cells of classical Hodgkin's lymphomas (cHL) inside and outside the HIV settings.
  • Sections from paraffin-embedded tumor samples from nine HIV-infected cHL patients were immunostained, using standard immunohistochemical protocols and were compared to a control group of 90 HIV-noninfected cHL patients.
  • Our clinical and histological data indicate that HIV-infected cHL patients present a higher frequency of mixed cellularity (MC) histological subtypes, more advanced disease stages, a poor response to treatment, and a poor overall survival compared to control patients.
  • The inflammatory infiltrate of HIV-infected patients had a significant reduction of CD4+ T lymphocytes (CD4/CD8 ratio 1:23), a decrease in infiltrating GrB+ cells (activated cytotoxic cells) and an increase in infiltrating TIA+ T cells (mainly nonactivated cytotoxic cells) in these patients (GrB/TIA-1 ratio 1:12).
  • In conclusion, this study highlights an important intratumoral loss of CD4+ T cells (striking inversion in the CD4/CD8 ratio) and a decrease in intratumoral activated cytotoxic T lymphocytes in HIV-associated cHL patients.
  • Further studies are required to confirm these results and to determine the role of these findings on the antitumoral immune response observed in HIV-associated cHL.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / metabolism. HIV. HIV Infections / metabolism. Hodgkin Disease / metabolism. Serine Endopeptidases / metabolism


19. Ezzat H, Filipenko D, Vickars L, Galbraith P, Li C, Murphy K, Montaner JS, Harris M, Hogg RS, Vercauteren S, Leger CS, Zypchen L, Leitch HA: Improved survival in HIV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. HIV Clin Trials; 2007 May-Jun;8(3):132-44
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  • [Title] Improved survival in HIV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • PURPOSE: Recent trials suggest serious toxicity in HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with rituximab (R) and chemotherapy (CT), offsetting the benefit of rituximab.
  • METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed experience with CHOP-R vs. CT in 40 patients with HIV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) diagnosed between December 1992 and February 2006, all of whom were treated with curative intent.
  • RESULTS: In a univariate analysis, International Prognostic Index (IPI) score, prior AIDS, HAART, and rituximab were significant for overall survival (OS).
  • In a multivariate analysis, IPI 0-1 (p < .02), no prior AIDS (p < .0002), and receiving CHOP-R (p < .01) were significant for improved OS, and HAART use (p < .09) retained a trend for improved OS.
  • Patients without prior AIDS receiving CHOP-R had an HR of 0.5 (95% CI 0.1-1.7).
  • Rituximab-treated patients had a lower death rate from lymphoma (CHOP-R, 2 [16%] vs. CT, 15 [63%]; p < .04), and overall mortality (CHOP-R, 5 [42%] vs. CT, 21 [88%]; p < .01).
  • CONCLUSION: These retrospective data suggest that fatal toxicity of rituximab in HIV-NHL is not increased provided HAART is used, that the addition of rituximab to CT improved outcome, and that further prospective trials investigating this issue are warranted.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / complications. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / mortality


20. Bower M, Palmieri C, Dhillon T: AIDS-related malignancies: changing epidemiology and the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Curr Opin Infect Dis; 2006 Feb;19(1):14-9
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  • [Title] AIDS-related malignancies: changing epidemiology and the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Three cancers in people with HIV denote an AIDS diagnosis: Kaposi's sarcoma, high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and invasive cervical cancer.
  • In addition a number of other cancers occur at increased frequency in this population group but are not AIDS-defining illnesses.
  • This review discusses the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the epidemiology and outcome of AIDS-defining cancers.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of both Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has declined in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy and the outcome of both tumours has improved.
  • In contrast, highly active antiretroviral therapy has had little impact on the incidence of human papilloma virus-associated tumours (cervical and anal cancer) in people with HIV, although it may improve survival by reducing opportunistic infection deaths.
  • As people with HIV live longer with highly active antiretroviral therapy, an increased incidence of other non AIDS-defining cancers that have no known association with oncogenic infections is becoming apparent.
  • SUMMARY: For those with access to highly active antiretroviral therapy, the good news from the AIDS-defining cancers - particularly Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma - may be balanced by the increasing numbers of non AIDS-defining cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / drug therapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology


21. Mester B, Nieters A, Deeg E, Elsner G, Becker N, Seidler A: Occupation and malignant lymphoma: a population based case control study in Germany. Occup Environ Med; 2006 Jan;63(1):17-26
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  • [Title] Occupation and malignant lymphoma: a population based case control study in Germany.
  • AIMS: To identify occupations suspected to be associated with malignant lymphoma and to generate new hypotheses about occupational risks in a multicentre, population based case control study.
  • METHODS: Male and female patients with malignant lymphoma (n = 710) aged 18-80 years of age were prospectively recruited in six study regions in Germany.
  • For each newly recruited lymphoma case, a sex, region, and age matched control was drawn from the population registers.
  • Patients with specific lymphoma subentities were additionally compared with the entire control group using unconditional logistic regression analysis.
  • RESULTS: The following economic/industrial sectors were positively associated with lymphoma: food products, beverages, tobacco; paper products, publishing and printing; and metals.
  • Chemicals; real estate, renting, and business activities were negatively associated with lymphoma diagnosis.
  • The authors observed an increased overall lymphoma risk among architects; maids; farmers; glass formers; and construction workers.
  • Shoemaking and leather goods making was negatively associated with the lymphoma diagnosis (although based on small numbers).
  • In the occupational group analysis of lymphoma subentities, Hodgkin's lymphoma was significantly associated only with rubber and plastic products making; diffuse large B cell lymphoma risk was considerably increased among metal processors; follicular lymphoma showed highly significant risk increases for several occupational groups (medical, dental, and veterinary workers; sales workers; machinery fitters; and electrical fitters); and multiple myeloma showed a particularly pronounced risk increase for farmers as well as for agriculture and animal husbandry workers.
  • Occupational risk factors for follicular lymphomas might differ from the overall risk factors for malignant lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma / etiology. Occupational Diseases / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects. Epidemiologic Methods. Female. Germany / epidemiology. Humans. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / etiology. Male. Middle Aged. Mineral Fibers / toxicity. Occupational Exposure / adverse effects. Occupations. Pesticides / toxicity. Virus Diseases / complications. Virus Diseases / transmission

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  • (PMID = 16361401.001).
  • [ISSN] 1470-7926
  • [Journal-full-title] Occupational and environmental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Occup Environ Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mineral Fibers; 0 / Pesticides
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2078033
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22. Rafaniello Raviele P, Pruneri G, Maiorano E: Plasmablastic lymphoma: a review. Oral Dis; 2009 Jan;15(1):38-45
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  • [Title] Plasmablastic lymphoma: a review.
  • Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) has been recently characterised as an aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, most frequently arising in the oral cavity of HIV-infected patients.
  • Similar to other types of AIDS-related lymphomas, there is evidence that Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi-sarcoma associated Human Herpes Virus 8 may play a relevant role in the pathogenesis of PBL.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18939960.001).
  • [ISSN] 1601-0825
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / SDC1 protein, human; 0 / Syndecan-1
  • [Number-of-references] 54
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23. Nørgaard M, Poulsen AH, Pedersen L, Gregersen H, Friis S, Ewertz M, Johnsen HE, Sørensen HT: Use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a Danish population-based cohort study. Br J Cancer; 2006 May 8;94(9):1339-41
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  • [Title] Use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a Danish population-based cohort study.
  • Use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been hypothesised to be associated with a reduced risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), but the epidemiologic evidence is conflicting.
  • [MeSH-major] Hormone Replacement Therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
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24. Nyagol J, De Falco G, Lazzi S, Luzzi A, Cerino G, Shaheen S, Palummo N, Bellan C, Spina D, Leoncini L: HIV-1 Tat mimetic of VEGF correlates with increased microvessels density in AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell and Burkitt lymphomas. J Hematop; 2008 Jul;1(1):3-10
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  • [Title] HIV-1 Tat mimetic of VEGF correlates with increased microvessels density in AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell and Burkitt lymphomas.
  • In some subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, higher local vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression correlates with increased microvessel density.
  • Several studies have indicated that VEGF receptors are also targeted by Tat protein from the HIV-1-infected cells.
  • We evaluated the role of HIV-1 Tat in regulating the level of VEGF expression and microvessel density in the AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL) and Burkitt lymphomas (BL).
  • Reduced VEGF protein expression in primary HIV-1 positive BL and DLBCL, compared to the negative cases, supported the findings of promoter downregulation from the cell lines.
  • Microvascular density assessed by CD34 expression was, however, higher in HIV-1 positive than in HIV-1 negative tumors.
  • Thus, targeting Tat protein itself and stabilizing transient silencing of VEGF expression or use of monoclonal antibodies against their receptors in the AIDS-associated tumors will open a window for future explorable pathways in the management of angiogenic phenotypes in the AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

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  • (PMID = 19669199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1868-9256
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hematopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hematop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
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25. Xia T, O'Hara A, Araujo I, Barreto J, Carvalho E, Sapucaia JB, Ramos JC, Luz E, Pedroso C, Manrique M, Toomey NL, Brites C, Dittmer DP, Harrington WJ Jr: EBV microRNAs in primary lymphomas and targeting of CXCL-11 by ebv-mir-BHRF1-3. Cancer Res; 2008 Mar 1;68(5):1436-42
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  • The expression pattern of these miRNAs in clinical samples of EBV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas is unknown.
  • We analyzed five primary "endemic" pediatric Burkitt's lymphomas (BL), two acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related type I latency BL lines, a type III latency line, three EBV(+) primary effusion lymphomas (PEL), and three AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) for expression of EBV-encoded miRNAs.
  • EBV-encoded miRNAs are expressed in primary lymphomas classically linked to the virus and are associated with the viral latency status.

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  • (PMID = 18316607.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7445
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109232; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082274; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304-01; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA70058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA109232; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA121935; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304-03; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082274; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA121935; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304-03
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BHRF1 protein, Human herpesvirus 4; 0 / CXCL11 protein, human; 0 / Chemokine CXCL11; 0 / MicroRNAs; 0 / Oligonucleotides, Antisense; 0 / Viral Proteins; EC 3.1.- / Ribonucleases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS191351; NLM/ PMC2855641
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26. Cornejo-Juárez P, Volkow-Fernández P, Avilés-Salas A, Calderón-Flores E: AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico. Rev Invest Clin; 2008 Sep-Oct;60(5):375-81
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  • [Title] AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico.
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) associated with HIV became an AIDS-defining condition early in the epidemic and remains the second most common malignancy in patients with AIDS.
  • With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the incidence and mortality of AIDS-related opportunistic infections and Kaposi's sarcoma has fallen dramatically, this trend is not observed so clearly for NHL.
  • Our objective was to review the clinical spectrum of patients with AIDS-associated NHL and to analyze the impact of HAART on survival at an oncological tertiary center.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed all medical records and histopathologic tissue of patients with HIV-associated NHL seen from January 1990 to September 2007 at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia in Mexico City.
  • RESULTS: Eighty seven HIV-positive patients were diagnosed with NHL (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma n=69; Burkitt-like n=8; pleomorphic large cell n=7; low-grade n=2, and angiocentric n=1).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients with NHL-HIV who were able to receive treatment with HAART and were sufficiently healthy to receive optimal chemotherapy treatment showed a significantly better prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cancer Care Facilities / statistics & numerical data. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19227434.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-8376
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de investigación clínica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Invest. Clin.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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27. Okada S: [Recent advances in the treatment of AIDS-related malignant lymphoma]. Nihon Rinsho; 2010 Mar;68(3):491-6
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  • [Title] [Recent advances in the treatment of AIDS-related malignant lymphoma].
  • The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has been associated with a reduced risk of primary cerebral and systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and improved prognosis for those who develop HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • However, the number of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients has increased with the increase of HIV-1 infected patients in Japan.
  • Although the evidence currently supports an intensive and curative approach for the management of HIV-associated lymphoma, we must be vigilant about adverse effects and interaction of chemotherapeutic drugs, implementing infection prophylaxis and promptly recognizing, diagnosing, and treating bacterial, parasitic, fungal, and viral infections that may occur as a consequence of therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 20229796.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-1852
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Rinsho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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28. Buonaguro L, Petrizzo A, Tornesello M, Napolitano M, Martorelli D, Castello G, Beneduce G, De Renzo A, Perrella O, Romagnoli L, Sousa V, De Re V, Dolcetti R, Buonaguro FM: Immune signatures in human PBMCs of idiotypic vaccine for HCV-related lymphoproliferative disorders. J Transl Med; 2010;8:18
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  • [Title] Immune signatures in human PBMCs of idiotypic vaccine for HCV-related lymphoproliferative disorders.
  • Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major risk factors for chronic hepatitis, which may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, as well as for type II mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC), which may further evolve into an overt B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • It has been previously shown that B-cell receptor (BCR) repertoire, expressed by clonal B-cells involved in type II MC as well as in HCV-associated NHL, is constrained to a limited number of variable heavy (VH)- and light (VL)-chain genes.

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  • (PMID = 20170491.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of translational medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Transl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Immunoglobulin Idiotypes; 0 / Immunoglobulin Variable Region; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell; 0 / Viral Vaccines
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2839974
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29. Uriarte-Duque J, Hernández-Riverab G: [Treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with acquired immnodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán]. Gac Med Mex; 2006 Mar-Apr;142(2):99-102
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  • [Title] [Treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with acquired immnodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].
  • [Transliterated title] Tratamiento de pacientes con linfomas no Hodgkin asociados a SIDA: experiencia del Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán.
  • BACKGROUND: Survival in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma has improved with the use of High Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) and less toxic chemotherapy.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical characteristics and outcome among patients treated for AIDS related non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma are described.
  • Overall survival (OS) and Free Disease Survival (FDS) using a Kaplan-Meier model were analyzed.
  • The overall Survival was 18 months and 13 month Free Disease Survival with a median follow-up of 16 months showing full response in 8/9 patients was observed.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16711542.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-3813
  • [Journal-full-title] Gaceta médica de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gac Med Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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30. Simcock M, Blasko M, Karrer U, Bertisch B, Pless M, Blumer L, Vora S, Robinson JO, Bernasconi E, Terziroli B, Moirandat-Rytz S, Furrer H, Hirschel B, Vernazza P, Sendi P, Rickenbach M, Bucher HC, Battegay M, Koller MT, Swiss HIV Cohort Study: Treatment and prognosis of AIDS-related lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: findings from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study. Antivir Ther; 2007;12(6):931-9
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  • [Title] Treatment and prognosis of AIDS-related lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: findings from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the characteristics of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) administered concomitantly with chemotherapy and to establish prognostic determinants of patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • METHODS: The study included 91 patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study enrolled between January 1997 and October 2003, excluding lymphomas of the brain.
  • We extracted AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma- and HIV-specific variables at the time of lymphoma diagnosis as well as treatment changes over time from charts and from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study database.
  • Thirty-five patients stopped chemotherapy prematurely (before the sixth cycle) usually due to disease progression; these patients had a shorter median survival than those who completed six or more cycles (14 versus 28 months).
  • Factors associated with overall survival were CD4+ T-cell count (<100 cells/microl) (hazard ratio [HR] 2.95 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.53-5.67], hepatitis C seropositivity (HR 2.39 [95% CI 1.01-5.67]), the international prognostic index score (HR 1.98-3.62 across categories) and Burkitt histological subtypes (HR 2.56 [95% CI 1.13-5.78]).
  • The effect of cART interruptions on AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma prognosis remains unclear, however, hepatitis C seropositivity emerged-as a predictor of death beyond the well-known international prognostic index score and CD4+ T-cell count.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy


31. Vilchez RA, Lopez-Terrada D, Middleton JR, Finch CJ, Killen DE, Zanwar P, Jorgensen JL, Butel JS: Simian virus 40 tumor antigen expression and immunophenotypic profile of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Virology; 2005 Nov 10;342(1):38-46
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  • [Title] Simian virus 40 tumor antigen expression and immunophenotypic profile of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Simian virus 40 (SV40) is associated with some systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) among HIV-positive patients, based on assays for viral DNA sequences.
  • To investigate the possible production of the viral transforming protein, we examined age-matched case-control specimens from patients with HIV/AIDS for the expression of SV40 large tumor antigen (T-ag).
  • Fifty-five systemic NHL and 25 nonmalignant lymphoid and malignant nonlymphoid tissue control cases from two HIV community programs in Texas and New Jersey were scored for IHC positivity without knowledge of the PCR results.
  • SV40 T-ag expression was detected only in B-cell lymphoma specimens that contained SV40 DNA sequences.
  • Not all lymphoma cells in a positive specimen stained for T-ag, and the reaction was lower intensity than observed in SV40 hamster tumors.
  • A germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) profile was more frequently expressed by SV40-positive tumors than in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related lymphomas (10/12, 83% vs. 6/13, 46%; P = 0.05), whereas a non-GCB phenotype was more frequent in EBV-positive than in SV40-positive lymphomas (7/13, 54% vs. 2/12, 17%; P = 0.05).
  • This study shows that SV40 gene expression occurs in a fraction of cells in some B-cell lymphomas among patients with HIV/AIDS.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / genetics. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Base Sequence. Case-Control Studies. DNA, Viral / genetics. DNA, Viral / isolation & purification. Female. Gene Expression. Genes, Viral. HIV-1. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Molecular Sequence Data. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / immunology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / virology. Simian virus 40 / genetics. Simian virus 40 / isolation & purification

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  • (PMID = 16122775.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-6822
  • [Journal-full-title] Virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI36211; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA104818
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming; 0 / DNA, Viral
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32. Martini M, Capello D, Serraino D, Navarra A, Pierconti F, Cenci T, Gaidano G, Larocca LM: Characterization of variants in the promoter of EBV gene BZLF1 in normal donors, HIV-positive patients and in AIDS-related lymphomas. J Infect; 2007 Mar;54(3):298-306
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  • [Title] Characterization of variants in the promoter of EBV gene BZLF1 in normal donors, HIV-positive patients and in AIDS-related lymphomas.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of polymorphic variants of EBV BamHI fragment Z (BZLF1) promoter zone Zp in tumor and non-tumor-associated EBV.
  • We characterized the Zp region in type A and type B EBV, infecting AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (AIDS-NHL) and non-malignant lymphoid tissues derived from HIV-positive patients and from healthy individuals.
  • METHODS: The Zp region was directly sequenced in 133 EBV-positive DNA samples: 63 AIDS-NHL (32 systemic AIDS-NHL and 31 AIDS-primary central nervous system lymphoma [AIDS-PCNSL]), 30 lymphoid tissues derived from HIV-positive individuals and 40 lymphoid samples derived from healthy individuals.
  • Zp-V3 was significantly associated with AIDS-PCNSL (P<0.001) and with systemic AIDS-NHL (P=0.007), in particular with AIDS-related immunoblastic lymphoma (P<0.001).
  • Moreover, in malignant samples, this variant was also significantly associated with type B EBV (P<0.001).
  • Finally, the new identified Zp-PV variant was isolated in 7 AIDS-PCNSL.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of polymorphisms in the regulatory zone of BZLF1 is different between malignant and non-malignant samples in AIDS patients and may identify EBV subtypes with different transforming activities, including those associated to the pathogenesis of B cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / virology. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / virology. Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics. Lymphoma / virology. Promoter Regions, Genetic. Trans-Activators / genetics. Viral Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] DNA, Viral / genetics. Humans. Lymphoid Tissue / virology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Polymorphism, Genetic. Sequence Analysis, DNA. Statistics as Topic

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  • (PMID = 16784778.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2742
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of infection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Infect.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BZLF1 protein, Herpesvirus 4, Human; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Viral Proteins
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33. Lanjewar DN, Dongaonkar DD: HIV-associated primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of ovary: a case report. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Sep;102(3):590-2
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  • [Title] HIV-associated primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of ovary: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Although there have been few case series of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of ovary, no patient with AIDS-related primary ovarian lymphoma has been described in the literature.
  • CASE: We report a case of human immunodeficiency virus infected female with primary ovarian NHL for which she could not receive standard NHL combination chemotherapy and standard HIV highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and succumbed to death within 7 months after diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Primary ovarian lymphoma is rare as compared with other ovarian tumors and has similar presentation to other common ovarian malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 16697449.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Ambinder RF, Bhatia K, Martinez-Maza O, Mitsuyasu R: Cancer biomarkers in HIV patients. Curr Opin HIV AIDS; 2010 Nov;5(6):531-7
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  • [Title] Cancer biomarkers in HIV patients.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we update investigations related to cancer biomarkers in HIV-infected populations.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: CD4 lymphocyte count is associated with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL), systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) (except perhaps for Burkitt lymphoma), Kaposi's sarcoma, cervical cancer, and anal cancer.
  • HIV load is associated with Burkitt lymphoma and systemic NHL (but not PCNSL), with Kaposi's sarcoma and with anal cancer.
  • CD40 ligand incorporated into the HIV envelope and expression of activation-induced cytidine deaminase may help explain the relationship between HIV load and Burkitt lymphoma.
  • Genetic polymorphisms have been identified that are linked to lymphoma in HIV patients.
  • Cytokines and related molecules (IL10, sCD30) may identify patients at high risk for NHL.
  • EBV and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) have not yet emerged as especially promising markers of risk for either lymphoma or Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • SUMMARY: CD4 lymphocyte count, HIV load, germline genetic polymorphisms, cytokine and related molecules, and immunoglobulin light chains all show increasing promise as biomarkers of malignancy in HIV patients.

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  • (PMID = 20978397.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-6318
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in HIV and AIDS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin HIV AIDS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA121947-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA096888-05S2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / UO1 CA 121947; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888-05S2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA121947; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS274983; NLM/ PMC3055562
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35. Wolf T, Brodt HR, Fichtlscherer S, Mantzsch K, Hoelzer D, Helm EB, Mitrou PS, Chow KU: Changing incidence and prognostic factors of survival in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Feb;46(2):207-15
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  • [Title] Changing incidence and prognostic factors of survival in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is an AIDS-defining disease.
  • We collected data of 214 cases of AIDS-related Lymphoma (ARL) treated at our centre from January 1984 until May 2003 and analysed them using the Kaplan-Meier-, log rank- and Cox proportional hazard-model.
  • The incidence of AIDS-related primary CNS lymphomas (PCNSL) took a comparable, yet more pronounced development.
  • Using the univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis prolonged survival was significantly associated with the achievement of a complete remission as well as with a favourable virological response to HAART.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 15621803.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents
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36. Lim ST, Levine AM: Non-AIDS-Defining Cancers and HIV Infection. Curr Infect Dis Rep; 2005 May;7(3):227-234
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  • [Title] Non-AIDS-Defining Cancers and HIV Infection.
  • With fewer patients now succumbing to infectious complications of AIDS, other HIV-related morbidities such as malignancies have become increasingly important.
  • Apart from Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and cervical cancer, which are considered as AIDS-defining, several additional cancers, referred to as non-AIDS-defining cancers, are also statistically increased in HIV-infected persons.
  • These include Hodgkin's disease, anal carcinoma, lung cancer, nonmelanomatous skin cancer, and testicular germ cell tumors, among others.
  • Although immunosuppression is consistently associated with an increased risk of AIDS-related malignancies, the role of immunosuppression in the pathogenesis of non-AIDS- defining cancers is controversial.
  • Although data regarding the optimal management of these cancers are lacking, current studies suggest that patients with HIV-associated malignancies should be treated with similar approaches to those of their counterparts in the general population.

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  • (PMID = 15847726.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-3847
  • [Journal-full-title] Current infectious disease reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Infect Dis Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Wood C, Harrington W Jr: AIDS and associated malignancies. Cell Res; 2005 Nov-Dec;15(11-12):947-52
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  • [Title] AIDS and associated malignancies.
  • AIDS associated malignancies (ARL) is a major complication associated with AIDS patients upon immunosuppression.
  • Chronically immunocompromised patients have a markedly increased risk of developing lymphoproliferative disease.
  • In the era of potent antiretrovirals therapy (ARV), the malignant complications due to HIV-1 infection have decreased in developed nations where ARV is administered, but still poses a major problem in developing countries where HIV-1 incidence is high and ARV is still not yet widely available.
  • Even in ARV treated individuals there is a concern that the prolonged survival of many HIV-1 carriers is likely to eventually result in an increased number of malignancies diagnosed.
  • Malignancies that were found to have high incidence in HIV-infected individuals are Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), Hodgkin's disease (HD) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • The incidence of NHL has increased nearly 200 fold in HIV-positive patients, and accounts for a greater percentage of AIDS defining illness in the US and Europe since the advent of HAART therapy.
  • These AIDS related lymphomas are distinct from their counterparts seen in HIV-1 seronegative patients.
  • For example nearly half of all cases of ARL are associated with the presence of a gamma herpesvirus, Epstein Barr virus (EBV) or human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8)/ Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV).
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. HIV / physiology. Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 16354573.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-0602
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082274; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA76958; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD39620; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR15635
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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38. Palmieri C, Treibel T, Large O, Bower M: AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the first decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy. QJM; 2006 Dec;99(12):811-26
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  • [Title] AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the first decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has had a dramatic effect on the natural history of HIV disease, reducing the incidence of opportunistic infections and Kaposi's sarcoma, and improving overall survival.
  • Since HAART became available in 1996, the incidence of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) has fallen, and although there has been no change in the clinical features at presentation, the overall survival of patients with AIDS-related NHL has improved.
  • Prognosis is now determined chiefly by lymphoma-associated factors similar to those in the general population (the International Prognostic Index), although serum CD4 count at lymphoma diagnosis is an additional independent prognostic factor.
  • The management of patients with AIDS-related NHL with either infusional chemotherapy or CHOP-like regimens (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone) achieves response and survival rates approaching those observed in the general population.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Neutropenia / therapy. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy


39. Mwakigonja AR, Kaaya EE, Mgaya EM: Malignant lymphomas (ML) and HIV infection in Tanzania. J Exp Clin Cancer Res; 2008;27:9
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  • [Title] Malignant lymphomas (ML) and HIV infection in Tanzania.
  • BACKGROUND: HIV infection is reported to be associated with some malignant lymphomas (ML) so called AIDS-related lymphomas (ARL), with an aggressive behavior and poor prognosis.
  • The ML frequency, pathogenicity, clinical patterns and possible association with AIDS in Tanzania, are not well documented impeding the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies.
  • METHODS: Sections of 176 archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsies of ML patients at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH)/Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Tanzania from 1996-2001 were stained for hematoxylin and eosin and selected (70) cases for expression of pan-leucocytic (CD45), B-cell (CD20), T-cell (CD3), Hodgkin/RS cell (CD30), histiocyte (CD68) and proliferation (Ki-67) antigen markers.
  • Available sera from 38 ML patients were screened (ELISA) for HIV antibodies.
  • RESULTS: The proportion of ML out of all diagnosed tumors at MNH during the 6 year period was 4.2% (176/4200) comprising 77.84% non-Hodgkin (NHL) including 19.32% Burkitt's (BL) and 22.16% Hodgkin's disease (HD).
  • The ML tumors frequency increased from 0.42% (1997) to 0.70% (2001) and 23.7% of tested sera from these patients were HIV positive.
  • Supra-diaphragmatic presentation was commonest and histological sub-types were mostly aggressive B-cell lymphomas however, no clear cases of primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) were diagnosed.
  • CONCLUSION: Malignant lymphomas apparently, increased significantly among diagnosed tumors at MNH between 1996 and 2001, predominantly among the young, HIV infected and AIDS patients.
  • The frequent aggressive clinical and histological presentation as well as the dominant B-immunophenotype and the HIV serology indicate a pathogenic association with AIDS.
  • Therefore, routine HIV screening of all malignant lymphoma patients at MNH is necessary to enable comprehensive ARL diagnosis and formulation of preventive and therapeutic protocols.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Burkitt Lymphoma / epidemiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / etiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / virology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. HIV Seropositivity. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Hodgkin Disease / etiology. Hodgkin Disease / virology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / etiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology. Male. Middle Aged. Tanzania / epidemiology


40. Cluzeau T, Mounier N: [Patients and the Web]. Bull Cancer; 2010 Oct;97(10):1133-6
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  • HIV infection is an infection highly publicized in recent years, we take the case of Hodgkin's disease associated with HIV to compare data from the Internet and scientific articles.
  • [MeSH-major] Information Dissemination / methods. Internet / standards. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related. Medical Informatics Applications. Patient Education as Topic / standards
  • [MeSH-minor] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Drug Therapy, Combination / methods. Humans. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 20663740.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-6917
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin du cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Cancer
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
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41. Lee SM, Buchler T, Bomanji J, Ramsay A, Edwards SG: Thymic 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake on positron emission tomography scanning after doxorubicin, bleomycin, vincristin and dacarbazine chemotherapy and highly-active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-associated Hodgkin's disease in an adult. AIDS; 2008 Jan 2;22(1):159-60
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  • [Title] Thymic 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake on positron emission tomography scanning after doxorubicin, bleomycin, vincristin and dacarbazine chemotherapy and highly-active antiretroviral therapy in HIV-associated Hodgkin's disease in an adult.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Bleomycin / therapeutic use. Dacarbazine / therapeutic use. Doxorubicin / therapeutic use. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / complications. Hodgkin Disease / diagnosis. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Vincristine / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Disease Progression. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 / metabolism. Humans. Male. Positron-Emission Tomography / methods. Thymus Gland / metabolism. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18090408.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5571
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents; 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin
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42. De Paoli P: Novel virally targeted therapies of EBV-associated tumors. Curr Cancer Drug Targets; 2008 Nov;8(7):591-6
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  • [Title] Novel virally targeted therapies of EBV-associated tumors.
  • EBV is associated to the development of several malignancies of lymphoid and epithelial origin, including Burkitt's Lymphoma, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders, Hodgkin's disease, AIDS-associated lymphomas, NK/T cell lymphoma and Nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
  • EBV genes play an essential role in the development of the malignant phenotype and therefore molecules interfering with the function of these genes may represent an essential tool to treat EBV-associated malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 18991568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5576
  • [Journal-full-title] Current cancer drug targets
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Cancer Drug Targets
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 122
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43. Georgountzos V, Ioannidou-Mouzaka L, Soldatos T, Apessou D, Karatasiou A, Tsouroulas M, Kontogeorgos G: Secondary involvement of breast with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a patient with HIV infection -- case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2008;29(2):196-7
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  • [Title] Secondary involvement of breast with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a patient with HIV infection -- case report.
  • Secondary lymphoma of the breast is a rare entity in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • HIV infection is associated with an increased risk for developing NHL, however lymphomatous involvement of the breast in AIDS patients has rarely been reported.
  • We present the case of a 33-year-old HIV-infected female patient with diffuse NHL who presented with a unilateral breast mass.
  • Histologic examination of the biopsy specimen revealed a highly-malignant diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / secondary. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18459566.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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44. Diamond C, Taylor TH, Im T, Miradi M, Anton-Culver H: Improved survival and chemotherapy response among patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Hematol Oncol; 2006 Sep;24(3):139-45
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Improved survival and chemotherapy response among patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Using the population-based cancer registry, we identified 233 patients with AIDS-related systemic NHL diagnosed in San Diego or Orange County in 1994-1999, of whom 137 were diagnosed 1996-1999.
  • HAART, chemotherapy, high performance status, and NHL stage < IV were associated with improved survival.
  • Concomitant HAART, completion of > or = 6 chemotherapy cycles, and NHL stage < IV were associated with complete response to chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 16604565.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07CA096480
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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46. Pantanowitz L, Pihan G, Carbone A, Dezube BJ: Differentiating HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas with similar plasmacellular differentiation. J HIV Ther; 2009 Jun;14(2):24-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Differentiating HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas with similar plasmacellular differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Plasma Cells / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Burkitt Lymphoma / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Herpesvirus 8, Human / isolation & purification. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Lymphoproliferative Disorders / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19839364.001).
  • [ISSN] 1462-0308
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of HIV therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J HIV Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 123
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47. Shah BK, Subramaniam S, Peace D, Garcia C: HIV-associated primary bone marrow Hodgkin's lymphoma: a distinct entity? J Clin Oncol; 2010 Sep 20;28(27):e459-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HIV-associated primary bone marrow Hodgkin's lymphoma: a distinct entity?
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Neoplasms / diagnosis. HIV Infections / complications. Hodgkin Disease / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20679601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Hernández-Salazar A, Rosales SP, Rangel-Frausto S, Criollo E, Archer-Dubon C, Orozco-Topete R: Epidemiology of adverse cutaneous drug reactions. A prospective study in hospitalized patients. Arch Med Res; 2006 Oct;37(7):899-902
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  • Drugs most frequently associated with ACDR were amoxicillin clavulanate (8), amphotericin B (2) and metamizole (4).
  • AIDS patients showed a risk of 8.68 (CI 95% 2.18-33.19 p <0.001).
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients also had an increased risk of developing an ACDR.
  • Six of the 35 identified cases were patients who had been hospitalized due to a severe drug reaction (1.3/1000 patients); one died from complications directly related to the ACDR, representing a 16.6% mortality rate among those admitted for an ACDR and 0.02% among the global mortality.
  • Pharmacovigilance with special attention to immunosuppressed SLE or AIDS patients is stressed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / immunology. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Amoxicillin / administration & dosage. Amoxicillin / adverse effects. Amphotericin B / administration & dosage. Amphotericin B / adverse effects. Clavulanic Acid / administration & dosage. Clavulanic Acid / adverse effects. Cohort Studies. Dipyrone / administration & dosage. Dipyrone / adverse effects. Female. Hospitalization. Humans. Immune Tolerance. Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology. Male. Mexico / epidemiology. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16971233.001).
  • [ISSN] 0188-4409
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 23521W1S24 / Clavulanic Acid; 6429L0L52Y / Dipyrone; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B; 804826J2HU / Amoxicillin
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49. Tirwomwe JF, Rwenyonyi CM, Muwazi LM, Besigye B, Mboli F: Oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS in clients attending TASO clinics in Uganda. Clin Oral Investig; 2007 Sep;11(3):289-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS in clients attending TASO clinics in Uganda.
  • A total of 514 subjects aged 18 to 58 years (mean 42 years) were randomly recruited from five The AIDS Support Organization (TASO) clinics in Uganda.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, atypical ulcers, necrotizing periodontitis, and hairy leucoplakia were least frequently observed in the subjects.
  • Tooth brushing, chewing, and swallowing were frequently associated with discomfort.
  • Oral lesions associated with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in TASO clients is a major public health problem requiring education in recognition and appropriate management.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology. HIV Infections / epidemiology. Mouth Diseases / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology. Adolescent. Adult. Burning Mouth Syndrome / epidemiology. Candidiasis, Oral / epidemiology. Cheilitis / epidemiology. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Gingivitis, Necrotizing Ulcerative / epidemiology. Humans. Leukoplakia, Hairy / epidemiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Oral Ulcer / epidemiology. Periodontitis / epidemiology. Prevalence. Sex Factors. Uganda / epidemiology. Xerostomia / epidemiology


50. Dhir AA: HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: how much do we know? Indian J Cancer; 2010 Jan-Mar;47(1):6-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: how much do we know?
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology

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  • [CommentOn] Indian J Cancer. 2010 Jan-Mar;47(1):35-9 [20071788.001]
  • (PMID = 20071782.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-4774
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Editorial
  • [Publication-country] India
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51. Corti M, Villafañe MF, Trione N, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M: Primary pulmonary AIDS-related lymphoma. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo; 2005 Jul-Aug;47(4):231-4
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  • [Title] Primary pulmonary AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • Extranodal involvement is common in lymphomas associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • However, primary pulmonary AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is very rare and only few reports were published in the medical literature.
  • Primary pulmonary lymphoma associated with AIDS is generally a high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Epstein-Barr virus is strongly associated with the pathogenesis of these tumors.
  • We report a patient with AIDS and primary pulmonary lymphoma which clinical presentation was a total atelectasis of the left lung.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Pulmonary Atelectasis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16138208.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-4665
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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52. Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC), Mocroft A, Sterne JA, Egger M, May M, Grabar S, Furrer H, Sabin C, Fatkenheuer G, Justice A, Reiss P, d'Arminio Monforte A, Gill J, Hogg R, Bonnet F, Kitahata M, Staszewski S, Casabona J, Harris R, Saag M: Variable impact on mortality of AIDS-defining events diagnosed during combination antiretroviral therapy: not all AIDS-defining conditions are created equal. Clin Infect Dis; 2009 Apr 15;48(8):1138-51
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  • [Title] Variable impact on mortality of AIDS-defining events diagnosed during combination antiretroviral therapy: not all AIDS-defining conditions are created equal.
  • BACKGROUND: The extent to which mortality differs following individual acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining events (ADEs) has not been assessed among patients initiating combination antiretroviral therapy.
  • Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate mortality hazard ratios for each ADE that occurred in >50 patients, after stratification by cohort and adjustment for sex, HIV transmission group, number of antiretroviral drugs initiated, regimen, age, date of starting combination antiretroviral therapy, and CD4+ cell count and HIV RNA load at initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy.
  • The greatest mortality hazard ratio was associated with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (hazard ratio, 17.59; 95% confidence interval, 13.84-22.35) and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (hazard ratio, 10.0; 95% confidence interval, 6.70-14.92).
  • Three groups of ADEs were identified on the basis of the ranked hazard ratios with bootstrapped confidence intervals: severe (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy [hazard ratio, 7.26; 95% confidence interval, 5.55-9.48]), moderate (cryptococcosis, cerebral toxoplasmosis, AIDS dementia complex, disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex, and rare ADEs [hazard ratio, 2.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.76-3.13]), and mild (all other ADEs [hazard ratio, 1.47; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.00]).

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  • (PMID = 19275498.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-6591
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / AA013566-08; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / U10 AA013566; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0700820; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / U10 AA013566-08
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS264818; NLM/ PMC3032444
  • [Investigator] Casabona J; Chêne G; Costagliola D; Dabis F; D'Arminio Monforte A; de Wolf F; Egger M; Fatkenheuer G; Gill J; Hogg R; Justice A; Kitahata M; Ledergerber B; Mocroft A; Phillips A; Reiss P; Saag M; Sabin C; Staszewski S; Weller I; May M; Harris R; Sterne J; Abgrall S; Barin F; Bentata M; Billaud E; Boué F; Burty C; Cabié A; Cotte L; De Truchis P; Duval X; Duvivier C; Enel P; Fredouille-Heripret L; Gasnault J; Gaud C; Gilquin J; Grabar S; Katlama C; Khuong MA; Lang JM; Lascaux AS; Launay O; Mahamat A; Mary-Krause M; Matheron S; Meynard JL; Pavie J; Pialoux G; Pilorgé F; Poizot-Martin I; Pradier C; Reynes J; Rouveix E; Simon A; Tattevin P; Tissot-Dupont H; Viard JP; Viget N; Pariente-Khayat A; Salomon V; Jacquemet N; Rivet A; Guiguet M; Kousignian I; Lanoy E; Lièvre L; Potard V; Selinger-Leneman H; Bouvet E; Crickx B; Ecobichon JL; Leport C; Picard-Dahan C; Yeni P; Tisne-Dessus D; Weiss L; Salmon D; Sicard D; Auperin I; Roudière L; Fior R; Delfraissy JF; Goujard C; Jung C; Lesprit P; Desplanque N; Meyohas MC; Picard O; Cadranel J; Mayaud C; Bricaire F; Herson S; Clauvel JP; Decazes JM; Gerard L; Molina JM; Diemer M; Sellier P; Berthé H; Dupont C; Chandemerle C; Mortier E; Honoré P; Jeantils V; Tassi S; Mechali D; Taverne B; Gourdon F; Laurichesse H; Fresard A; Lucht F; Eglinger P; Faller JP; Bazin C; Verdon R; Boibieux A; Peyramond D; Livrozet JM; Touraine JL; Trepo C; Ravaux I; Delmont JP; Moreau J; Gastaut JA; Retornaz F; Soubeyrand J; Allegre T; Blanc PA; Galinier A; Ruiz JM; Lepeu G; Granet-Brunello P; Esterni JP; Pelissier L; Cohen-Valensi R; Nezri M; Chadapaud S; Laffeuillade A; May T; Rabaud C; Raffi F; Arvieux C; Michelet C; Borsa-Lebas F; Caron F; Fraisse P; Rey D; Arlet-Suau E; Cuzin L; Massip P; Thiercelin Legrand MF; Yasdanpanah Y; Pradinaud R; Sobesky M; Contant M; Montroni M; Scalise G; Braschi MC; Riva A; Tirelli U; Martellotta F; Pastore G; Ladisa N; Suter F; Arici C; Chiodo F; Colangeli V; Fiorini C; Carosi G; Cristini G; Torti C; Minardi C; Bertelli D; Quirino T; Manconi PE; Piano P; Cosco L; Scerbo A; Vecchiet J; D'Alessandro M; Santoro D; Pusterla L; Carnevale G; Lorenzotti S; Viganò P; Mena M; Ghinelli F; Sighinolfi L; Leoncini F; Mazzotta F; Pozzi M; Lo Caputo S; Grisorio B; Ferrara S; Grima P; Grima PF; Pagano G; Cassola G; Alessandrini A; Piscopo R; Toti M; Trezzi M; Soscia F; Tacconi L; Orani A; Perini P; Scasso A; Vincenti A; Chiodera F; Castelli P; Scalzini A; Palvarini L; Moroni M; Lazzarin A; Rizzardini G; Caggese L; Cicconi P; Galli A; Merli S; Pastecchia C; Moioli MC; Esposito R; Mussini C; Abrescia N; Chirianni A; Izzo CM; Piazza M; De Marco M; Viglietti R; Manzillo E; Nappa S; Colomba A; Abbadessa V; Prestileo T; Mancuso S; Ferrari C; Pizzaferri P; Filice G; Minoli L; Bruno R; Novati S; Baldelli F; Camanni G; Petrelli E; Cioppi A; Alberici F; Ruggieri A; Menichetti F; Martinelli C; De Stefano C; La Gala A; Ballardini G; Rizzo E; Magnani G; Ursitti MA; Arlotti M; Ortolani P; Cauda R; Dianzani F; Ippolito G; Antinori A; Antonucci G; Ciardi M; Narciso P; Petrosillo N; Vullo V; De Luca A; Zaccarelli M; Acinapura R; De Longis P; Trotta MP; Noto P; Lichtner M; Capobianchi MR; Carletti F; Girardi E; Pezzotti P; Rezza G; Mura MS; Mannazzu M; Caramello P; Di Perri G; Orofino GC; Sciandra M; Grossi PA; Basilico C; Poggio A; Bottari G; Raise E; Ebo F; Pellizzer G; Buonfrate D; Resta F; Loso K; Cozzi Lepri A; Battegay M; Bernasconi E; Böni J; Bucher H; Bürgisser P; Cattacin S; Cavassini M; Dubs R; Elzi L; Erb P; Fischer M; Flepp M; Fontana A; Francioli P; Furrer H; Gorgievski M; Günthard H; Hirsch H; Hirschel B; Hösli I; Kahlert C; Kaiser L; Karrer U; Kind C; Klimkait T; Martinetti G; Martinez B; Müller N; Nadal D; Opravil M; Paccaud F; Pantaleo G; Rickenbach M; Rudin C; Schmid P; Schultze D; Schüpbach J; Speck R; Taffé P; Tarr P; Telenti A; Trkola A; Vernazza P; Weber R; Yerly S; Gras LA; van Sighem AI; Smit C; Bronsveld W; Hillebrand-Haverkort ME; Prins JM; Branger J; Eeftinck Schattenkerk JK; Gisolf J; Godfried MH; Lange JM; Lettinga KD; van der Meer JT; Nellen FJ; van der Poll T; Ruys TA; Steingrover R; Vermeulen JN; Vrouenraets SM; van Vugt M; Wit FW; Kuijpers TW; Pajkrt D; Scherpbier HJ; van Eeden A; Brinkman K; van den Berk GE; Blok WL; Frissen PH; Roos JC; Schouten WE; Mulder JW; van Gorp EC; Wagenaar J; Veenstra J; Danner SA; Van Agtmael MA; Claessen FA; Perenboom RM; Rijkeboer A; van Vonderen MG; Richter C; van der Berg J; Vriesendorp R; Jeurissen FJ; Kauffmann RH; Pogány K; Bravenboer B; ten Napel CH; Kootstra GJ; Sprenger HG; van Assen S; van Leeuwen JT; Doedens R; Scholvinck EH; ten Kate RW; Soetekouw R; van Houte D; Polée MB; Kroon FP; van den Broek PJ; van Dissel JT; Schippers EF; Schreij G; van der Geest S; Lowe S; Verbon A; Koopmans PP; Van Crevel R; de Groot R; Keuter M; Post F; van der Ven AJ; Warris A; van der Ende ME; Gyssens IC; van der Feltz M; Nouwen JL; Rijnders BJ; de Vries TE; Driessen G; van der Flier M; Hartwig NG; Juttman JR; van Kasteren ME; Van de Heul C; 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53. Lin L, Lee JY, Kaplan LD, Dezube BJ, Noy A, Krown SE, Levine AM, Yu Y, Hayward GS, Ambinder RF: Effects of chemotherapy in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus DNA in blood. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15):2496-502
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  • [Title] Effects of chemotherapy in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus DNA in blood.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the relative frequency with which Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/HHV-8 (KSHV) DNA is detected in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in plasma of patients with AIDS-KS and AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; AIDS-NHL); to determine whether the presence of viral DNA in plasma reflects lysis of tumor cells or reflects the presence of viremia (ie, virion-encapsidated DNA); and to determine the effect of lymphoma therapy on KSHV DNA.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Samples were obtained from patients enrolled in AIDS Malignancy Consortium clinical trials and from healthy donors.
  • RESULTS: In patients with AIDS-KS, KSHV DNA was detected in PBMC (54%) and in plasma (62%).
  • In patients with AIDS-NHL, KSHV DNA was detected in PBMC (19%) and in plasma (22%).
  • In six patients with AIDS-NHL who were treated with chemotherapy (with or without rituximab), KSHV copy number declined in PBMC and in plasma.
  • CONCLUSION: KSHV DNA is sometimes detected in PBMC or in plasma of patients with AIDS-NHL without KS.
  • Among patients with KSHV DNA detected in PBMC or in plasma, copy number does not distinguish between patients with AIDS-NHL and AIDS-KS.
  • KSHV DNA copy number in PBMC and in plasma declined with lymphoma-directed cytotoxic chemotherapy in each of the six patients studied.

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  • (PMID = 19349542.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA96888; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083038; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083035; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070072; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083118; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA071375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070079; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA70081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA70058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA121947; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / DNA, Viral
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2684854
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54. Noy A: Update on HIV lymphoma. Curr Oncol Rep; 2007 Sep;9(5):384-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Update on HIV lymphoma.
  • In industrialized nations people infected with HIV remain at increased risk for malignancies despite highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • In these countries, lymphoma is the most common HIV-associated malignancy.
  • The majority of investigation has been in diffuse large B cell lymphoma, with infusional therapy remaining promising but cumbersome.
  • Rituximab likely improves complete response rates, and, possibly overall survival, but is likely associated with increased infections in a subset of patients with very low CD4 counts.
  • Biologic insights have been attained in the spectrum of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, and virologic coinfections.
  • Overall, the outcome for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma in the setting of HIV continues to improve as insights into the pathophysiology and treatment advance.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related

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  • (PMID = 17706167.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-3790
  • [Journal-full-title] Current oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Oncol Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 52
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55. Navarro CM, Shibli JA, Ferrari RB, d'Avila S, Sposto MR: Gingival primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as the first manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Periodontol; 2008 Mar;79(3):562-6
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  • [Title] Gingival primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as the first manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoproliferative malignancies that may be associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • This report presents and discusses two unusual cases of gingival primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PE-NHL) as the first manifestation of AIDS.
  • The patients were tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • RESULTS: The clinicopathological evaluation and the serological HIV examination of the patients led us to the final diagnosis of gingival PE-NHL as the first manifestation of AIDS.
  • Both patients were referred to an oncologist and to an infectious disease specialist and were given antineoplastic chemotherapy and highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / diagnosis. Gingival Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18315441.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3492
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of periodontology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Periodontol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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56. Guidoboni M, Ponzoni M, Caggiari L, Lettini AA, Vago L, De Re V, Gloghini A, Zancai P, Carbone A, Boiocchi M, Dolcetti R: Latent membrane protein 1 deletion mutants accumulate in reed-sternberg cells of human immunodeficiency virus-related Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Virol; 2005 Feb;79(4):2643-9
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  • [Title] Latent membrane protein 1 deletion mutants accumulate in reed-sternberg cells of human immunodeficiency virus-related Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • We herein demonstrate that LMP-1 deletion mutants are highly associated with human immunodeficiency virus-related Hodgkin's lymphoma (HIV-HL) of Italian patients (29 of 31 cases; 93.5%), a phenomenon that is not due to a peculiar distribution of EBV strains in this area.
  • In fact, although HIV-HL patients are infected by multiple EBV variants, we demonstrate that LMP-1 deletion mutants preferentially accumulate within neoplastic tissues.
  • Subcloning and sequencing of the 3' LMP-1 ends of two HIV-HL genes in which both variants were present showed the presence of molecular signatures suggestive of a likely derivation of the LMP-1 deletion mutant from a nondeletion ancestor.
  • This phenomenon likely occurs within tumor cells in vivo, as shown by the detection of both LMP-1 variants in single microdissected Reed-Sternberg cells, and may at least in part explain the high prevalence of LMP-1 deletions associated with HIV-HL.
  • [MeSH-major] Carrier Proteins / metabolism. Herpesviridae Infections / virology. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Hodgkin Disease / metabolism. Hodgkin Disease / virology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Reed-Sternberg Cells / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15681466.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-538X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / LIM Domain Proteins; 0 / PDLIM7 protein, human
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC546537
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57. Lan K, Verma SC, Murakami M, Bajaj B, Robertson ES: Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV): infection, propagation, quantitation, and storage. Curr Protoc Microbiol; 2007 Aug;Chapter 14:Unit 14E.2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was first reported as the etiological agent of Burkitt's lymphoma in 1964.
  • Since then, EBV has also been associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, which is highly prevalent in Southeast Asia, as well as infectious mononucleosis, complications of AIDS, and transplant-related B cell lymphomas.
  • This virus has further been linked with T cell lymphomas and Hodgkin's disease, establishing the concept of a wide spectrum of EBV-associated malignant disorders.
  • So far, there are a number of EBV-infected cell lines established that can be induced for production of infectious viral progeny and that facilitate the study of the mechanism of EBV-related infection, transformation, and oncogenesis.

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  • (PMID = 18770612.001).
  • [ISSN] 1934-8533
  • [Journal-full-title] Current protocols in microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Protoc Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Culture Media
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58. Khosravi Shahi P, Sabín Domínguez P, Pérez Manga G: [Primary effusion lymphoma]. An Med Interna; 2006 Sep;23(9):438-40
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  • [Title] [Primary effusion lymphoma].
  • Primary effusion lymphoma is a rare high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) infection, and is mostly observed in the course of HIV infection (AIDS).
  • Biopsy of peritoneum showed a primary effusion lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ascitic Fluid / pathology. Lymphoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17096608.001).
  • [ISSN] 0212-7199
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales de medicina interna (Madrid, Spain : 1984)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Med Interna
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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59. Deloose ST, Smit LA, Pals FT, Kersten MJ, van Noesel CJ, Pals ST: High incidence of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection in HIV-related solid immunoblastic/plasmablastic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Leukemia; 2005 May;19(5):851-5
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  • [Title] High incidence of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection in HIV-related solid immunoblastic/plasmablastic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is known to be associated with two distinct lymphoproliferative disorders: primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and multicentric Castleman disease (MCD)/MCD-associated plasmablastic lymphoma.
  • We here report a high incidence of KSHV infection in solid HIV-associated immunoblastic/plasmablastic non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs), in patients lacking effusions and without evidence of (prior) MCD.
  • Within a cohort of 99 HIV-related NHLs, 10 cases were found to be KSHV positive on the basis of immunostaining for KSHV LNA-1 as well as KSHV-specific polymerase chain reaction.
  • Our results indicate that KSHV infection is not restricted to PEL and MCD; it is also common (38%) in HIV-related solid immunoblastic/plasmablastic lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / virology. HIV Infections / virology. Herpesviridae Infections / virology. Herpesvirus 8, Human. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / virology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology


60. Sarode SC, Sarode GS, Patil A: Plasmablastic lymphoma of the oral cavity: a review. Oral Oncol; 2010 Mar;46(3):146-53
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  • [Title] Plasmablastic lymphoma of the oral cavity: a review.
  • Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare AIDS associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), with predilection for the mucosa of oral cavity.
  • It usually has a plasmablastic morphology, expressing plasma cell-associated antigens with weak or no expression of B-cell associated markers.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20138565.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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61. Epeldegui M, Thapa DR, De la Cruz J, Kitchen S, Zack JA, Martínez-Maza O: CD40 ligand (CD154) incorporated into HIV virions induces activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) expression in human B lymphocytes. PLoS One; 2010 Jul 06;5(7):e11448
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  • [Title] CD40 ligand (CD154) incorporated into HIV virions induces activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) expression in human B lymphocytes.
  • Most AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (AIDS-NHL) arises from errors in immunoglobulin heavy-chain gene (IgH) class switch recombination (CSR) or somatic hypermutation (SHM), events that occur in germinal center (GC) B cells and require the activity of activation induced cytidine deaminase (AID).
  • Several oncogenic viruses (EBV, HCV, HPV) can induce AID gene (AID) expression, and elevated AID expression is seen in circulating lymphocytes prior to AIDS-NHL diagnosis.
  • Here, we report that HIV produced in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) induced AID expression in normal human B cells.
  • Since HIV produced in PBMC contains host cell CD40 ligand (CD40L) incorporated into the viral membrane, and CD40L is known to induce AID expression in human B cells, the role of virion-associated CD40L in HIV-induced AID expression was examined.
  • Only viruses expressing functional CD40L were seen to induce AID expression; CD40L-negative HIV did not induce AID expression.
  • The induction of AID expression by CD40L+ HIV was abrogated by addition of blocking anti-CD40L antibody.
  • AID protein was detected in B cells exposed to CD40L+ HIV using intracellular multicolor flow cytometry, with most AID producing B cells expressing the CD71 activation marker on their surface.
  • Therefore, HIV virions that express CD40L induce AID expression in B cells, and this induction appears to be due to a direct interaction between CD40L on these viruses and CD40 on B cells.
  • These findings are consistent with a role for HIV in the direct stimulation of B cells, potentially leading to the accumulation of molecular lesions that have the potential to contribute to the development of NHL.

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  • (PMID = 20625427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32-CA009120; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01-AI35040; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50-CA96888; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA57152; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI028697; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA057152; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009120; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI028697; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035040; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 147205-72-9 / CD40 Ligand; EC 3.5.4.5 / Cytidine Deaminase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2897846
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62. Hernàndez DE, Hernàndez AE: Human immunodeficiency virus-associated diffuse non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Venezuelan patients: treatment with full-dose cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone without routine use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl); 2006 Dec;15(5):493-6
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  • [Title] Human immunodeficiency virus-associated diffuse non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Venezuelan patients: treatment with full-dose cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone without routine use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor.
  • The routine use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for 10 days during full-dose cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone (CHOP) chemotherapy in HIV-associated diffuse non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients is very expensive in developing countries.
  • We treated 22 HIV-associated diffuse NHL patients with standard-dose CHOP and used G-CSF after an episode of febrile neutropenia until neutrophil count reached 1000/mm3.
  • The clinical response was: complete response (36%), partial response (32%), stable disease (14%) and progression (18%).
  • There were no toxicity-related deaths.
  • Our experience showed that we can treat HIV-related NHL patients with full-dose CHOP, achieve good responses and have an acceptable toxicity profile, with the use of G-CSF as needed.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17177909.001).
  • [ISSN] 0961-5423
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Cancer Care (Engl)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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63. Makinson A, Martelli N, Peyrière H, Turriere C, Le Moing V, Reynes J: Profound neutropenia resulting from interaction between antiretroviral therapy and vinblastine in a patient with HIV-associated Hodgkin's disease. Eur J Haematol; 2007 Apr;78(4):358-60
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  • [Title] Profound neutropenia resulting from interaction between antiretroviral therapy and vinblastine in a patient with HIV-associated Hodgkin's disease.
  • A HIV infected patient was treated for stage IVB Hodgkin's lymphoma by ABVD (doxorubicine, bleomycine, vinblastine, dacarbazine) chemotherapy and lopinavir-ritonavir based antiretroviral therapy inducing profound life-threatening neutropenia.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Neutropenia / chemically induced. Vinblastine / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 17378895.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents; 5V9KLZ54CY / Vinblastine
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64. Long JL, Engels EA, Moore RD, Gebo KA: Incidence and outcomes of malignancy in the HAART era in an urban cohort of HIV-infected individuals. AIDS; 2008 Feb 19;22(4):489-96
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  • [Title] Incidence and outcomes of malignancy in the HAART era in an urban cohort of HIV-infected individuals.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate trends, patient characteristics, and survival associated with AIDS-defining cancer (ADC) and non-AIDS defining cancer (NADC) in the HAART era.
  • DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of all incident malignancies occurring in 1996-2005 among 2566 patients in an urban HIV clinic.
  • Incidence of the most common NADC was higher than expected, including cancers of the lung [n = 29; SIR, 5.5; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3.7-8.0], liver (n = 13, SIR, 16.5; 95% CI, 8.8-28.2), anus (n = 10; SIR, 39.0; 95% CI, 18.7-71.7), head and neck (n = 14; SIR, 5.1; 95% CI, 2.8-8.6), and Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 8; SIR, 9.8; 95% CI, 4.2-19.2).
  • Advanced age was associated with NADC (P < 0.01 for trend) and increased mortality in ADC (age > or = 50 years adjusted hazard ratio, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.00-4.89).
  • Screening and suspicion for NADC should increase in care for HIV-infected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Neoplasms / mortality

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  • (PMID = 18301061.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5571
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / R01 AA016893; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA011602-10; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01 DA011602; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / K23 DA000523; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / K24 DA000432; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / R01-DA-11602; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / K24-DA00432; United States / NIA NIH HHS / AG / R01 AG026250; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI069918; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / K24 DA000432-09; United States / NIDA NIH HHS / DA / K23-DA00523
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS67610; NLM/ PMC2553213
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65. Northup JK, Gadre SA, Ge Y, Lockhart LH, Velagaleti GV: Do cytogenetic abnormalities precede morphologic abnormalities in a developing malignant condition? Eur J Haematol; 2007 Feb;78(2):152-6
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  • Here, we highlight two cases in which the cytogenetic studies challenge the common practice of using hematologic and morphologic changes as key factors in malignant disease management.
  • The first case is that of a lymph node sample from a 40-yr-old non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patient sent for determination of disease progress.
  • Cytogenetic studies of lymph node showed multiple clonal abnormalities, most notably a der(18) from a t(14;18) which is associated with high-grade NHL.
  • After two cycles of chemotherapy with fludarabine, the patient did not show any clinical response, suggesting possible progression to high-grade lymphoma.
  • The second case is of a patient with a history of human immunodeficiency virus and blastic natural killer leukemia/lymphoma.
  • Hematologic studies of ascitic fluid classified the patient as having pleural effusion lymphoma whereas bone marrow analysis showed no malignancy.
  • Bone marrow cytogenetic studies showed multiple clonal abnormalities including a t(8;14), which is commonly associated with Burkitt's lymphoma (BL).
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case wherein a morphologically normal bone marrow showed presence of clonal abnormalities consistent with BL or Pleural effusion lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / genetics. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / genetics. Lymphoma, Follicular / genetics. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Bone Marrow / pathology. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12 / ultrastructure. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / ultrastructure. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 / ultrastructure. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / ultrastructure. Chromosomes, Human, X. Clone Cells / pathology. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Disease Progression. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Female. Genes, myc. Humans. Karyotyping. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Male. Mutagenesis, Insertional. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / drug therapy. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / genetics. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / pathology. Prednisone / administration & dosage. Rituximab. Trisomy. Vidarabine / administration & dosage. Vidarabine / analogs & derivatives. Vincristine / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 17313561.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; FA2DM6879K / Vidarabine; P2K93U8740 / fludarabine; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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66. Marimo C: Epidemiology of oral Kaposi's sarcoma in Zimbabwe 1988-1997: a population-based study. Cent Afr J Med; 2008 Jan-Apr;54(1-4):15-9
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  • OBJECTIVE: Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest number of HIV/AIDS cases globally which contrasts with the lack of population-based studies of oral Kaposi's sarcoma (OKS); one of the clinical cardinal signs of HIV/AIDS.
  • To date, no study has investigated the incidence of OKS in African populations affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
  • Among AIDS-associated malignancies, OKS accounted for 98% while the balance comprised Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's and Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, haemangiosarcoma and lymphoma not specified.
  • These findings are attributable to the high human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) rates recorded for

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  • (PMID = 21644423.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-9176
  • [Journal-full-title] The Central African journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cent Afr J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Zimbabwe
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67. Engels EA: Epidemiology of thymoma and associated malignancies. J Thorac Oncol; 2010 Oct;5(10 Suppl 4):S260-5
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  • [Title] Epidemiology of thymoma and associated malignancies.
  • In particular, thymoma patients have a subsequently elevated risk for developing B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • The excess risk for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is consistent with an effect of immune disturbance arising from the thymoma or its treatment.

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  • (PMID = 20859116.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-1380
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Thorac Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS237177; NLM/ PMC2951303
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68. Cingolani A, Torti L, Pinnetti C, de Gaetano Donati K, Murri R, Tacconelli E, Larocca LM, Teofili L: Detrimental clinical interaction between ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors and vinblastine in HIV-infected patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma. AIDS; 2010 Sep 24;24(15):2408-12
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  • [Title] Detrimental clinical interaction between ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors and vinblastine in HIV-infected patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • In order to analyze the clinical relevance of the pharmacokinetic interactions between vinblastine and antiretrovirals described in literature, we evaluated all HIV-infected patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma treated with vinblastine-containing regimens and combination antiretroviral therapy, in a single clinical center.
  • The use of protease inhibitors was independently associated with WHO grade III-IV neutropenia.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / drug therapy. HIV Protease Inhibitors / administration & dosage. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Ritonavir / administration & dosage. Vinblastine / administration & dosage. Vinblastine / pharmacokinetics


69. Newton R, Carpenter L, Casabonne D, Beral V, Babiker A, Darbyshire J, Weller I, Weiss R, Kwan A, Bourboulia D, Munoz F, Lagos D, Boshoff C: A prospective study of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and Epstein-Barr virus in adults with human immunodeficiency virus-1. Br J Cancer; 2006 May 22;94(10):1504-9
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  • [Title] A prospective study of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and Epstein-Barr virus in adults with human immunodeficiency virus-1.
  • Antibody titres against Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) were examined in people who subsequently developed Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, within randomised controlled trials of antiretroviral therapy in adults infected with the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV).
  • For each case of Kaposi's sarcoma (n=189) and each case of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n=67), which developed after randomisation, one control was randomly selected from other trial participants, after matching for age, sex, ethnicity, mode of HIV transmission, type of treatment received and period of follow-up.
  • Virtually, all cases and controls had anti-EBV antibodies detected and the OR for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with a doubling of the anti-EBV antibody titre was estimated to increase by a multiplicative factor of 1.3 (95% CI 0.9-1.7, P=0.1).
  • Kaposi's sarcoma was not associated with antibody levels against EBV (P=0.4) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was not associated with antibodies against KSHV (latent P=0.3; lytic P=0.5).
  • In conclusion, among human immunodeficiency virus infected people, high levels of antibodies against KSHV latent and lytic antigens are strongly associated with subsequent risk of Kaposi's sarcoma but not non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Antibody titre to EBV does not appear to be strongly associated with subsequent risk of Kaposi's sarcoma or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in HIV infected people.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Viral / blood. HIV Infections / virology. HIV-1. Herpesvirus 4, Human / immunology. Herpesvirus 8, Human / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. HIV Seronegativity. Humans. Male. Nuclear Proteins / immunology. Phosphoproteins / immunology. Prospective Studies. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 16705315.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0800168; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G8712499
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Viral; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / latent nuclear antigen (LNA)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2361279
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70. Villafañe MF, Trione N, Corti M, Mendez N, Gancedo E, Zamora N, Levin M: Primary liver AIDS-related lympoma. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo; 2006 Jul-Aug;48(4):229-31
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  • [Title] Primary liver AIDS-related lympoma.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) are the second most frequent malignancies in AIDS patients.
  • The majority of NHL associated with AIDS involves extranodal sites, especially the digestive tract and the central nervous system.
  • Primary liver lymphoma (PLL) is an uncommon neoplasm among these patients.
  • Ultrasonography and computed tomography scans may be helpful in the diagnosis of focal hepatic lymphoma.
  • Image-guided fine-needle biopsy with histopathology of the liver lesions is the gold standard for the diagnosis of hepatic lymphoma.
  • We report a case of PLL as the initial manifestation of AIDS in a patient without any previous infection by hepatitis C or B virus, presented as multiple and large hepatic masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17119682.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-4665
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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71. Bower M, Fisher M, Hill T, Reeves I, Walsh J, Orkin C, Phillips AN, Bansi L, Gilson R, Easterbrook P, Johnson M, Gazzard B, Leen C, Pillay D, Schwenk A, Anderson J, Porter K, Gompels M, Sabin CA, UK CHIC Steering Committee: CD4 counts and the risk of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in individuals with HIV in the UK. Haematologica; 2009 Jun;94(6):875-80
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  • [Title] CD4 counts and the risk of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in individuals with HIV in the UK.
  • Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy, there has been a decline in the incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among HIV-infected individuals.
  • We described trends in the incidence of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the UK CHIC Study from 1996-2006 and evaluated the association between immunosuppression and development of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: 286/23,155 (1.2%) individuals developed an AIDS-defining lymphoma (258 systemic).
  • Younger age, receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy and later calendar year were all independently associated with a reduced risk of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • A lower latest CD4 count was strongly associated with systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, in patients who had (RR per log(2)(cells/mm(3)) higher: 0.62) and had not (0.70) received highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Earlier highly active anti-retroviral therapy initiation and wider access to HIV testing is advocated to reduce the risk of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology

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  • (PMID = 19336735.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Department of Health / / G0600337; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0000199; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / MC/ U122886351; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0200585; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0600337
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2688582
  • [Investigator] Bower M; Fisher M; Hill T; Reeves I; Walsh J; Orkin C; Phillips AN; Bansi L; Gilson R; Easterbrook P; Johnson M; Gazzard B; Leen C; Pillay D; Schwenk A; Anderson J; Porter K; Gompels M; Sabin CA
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72. Akanmu AS: AIDS-associated malignancies. Afr J Med Med Sci; 2006 Dec;35 Suppl:57-70
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  • [Title] AIDS-associated malignancies.
  • A number of immunodeficiency states--both inherited (such as agammaglobulinaemia, Bloom's syndrome, hereditary telangiectasia) and acquired (e.g. immunosuppressive therapy) have been associated with varieties of cancers.
  • HIV induces more profound immunodeficiency state and it should not be difficult to imaging why cancer diagnosis is made in over 40% of HIV infected patients.
  • Impairment of normal function of natural killer cells as a result of lack of helper signals from CD4+ T-lymphocytes may be a major mechanism of increased susceptibility to cancer development in HIV infected patients.
  • Three neoplastic diseases are associated so commonly with HIV infection that each of them has become recognized as an AIDS defining illness.
  • These are Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS), Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) and Cervical Carcinoma.
  • Both KS and NHL were recognized as AIDS associated cancers from the onset of the epidemic in 1981 but carcinoma of the cervix became AIDS defining in 1993.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18050776.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-3913
  • [Journal-full-title] African journal of medicine and medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr J Med Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
  • [Number-of-references] 114
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73. Sharma A, Bajpai J, Raina V, Mohanti BK: HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: experience from a regional cancer center. Indian J Cancer; 2010 Jan-Mar;47(1):35-9
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  • [Title] HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: experience from a regional cancer center.
  • AIMS: To analyze clinical features and survival in HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cases registered at Dr BRA Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital of AIIMS, New Delhi.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have retrospectively reviewed records of NHL patients registered, from January 2003 to July 2007 to analyze HIV-associated NHL.
  • RESULTS: Seven cases of HIV-associated NHL cases were identified.
  • Three cases had nodal lymphoma and four had extra nodal lymphoma.
  • No primary CNS (PCNSL) lymphoma was seen.
  • HIV infection was diagnosed as part of NHL work-up in five patients.
  • RESPONSE: One patient achieved complete response (CR) and continues to be disease free, with 4.5 years of follow-up.
  • Three cases achieved partial response (PR) and 2 had progressive disease (PD).
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. HIV Infections / mortality. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / mortality. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology


74. Mazhar D, Stebbing J, Bower M: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and the CNS: prophylaxis and therapy in immunocompetent and HIV-positive individuals. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther; 2006 Mar;6(3):335-41
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  • [Title] Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and the CNS: prophylaxis and therapy in immunocompetent and HIV-positive individuals.
  • The involvement of the CNS in individuals with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a well-recognised complication.
  • There are few studies that have addressed the management of CNS disease in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and treatment algorithms have been formulated secondary to protocols in immunocompetent individuals.
  • The prevention and treatment of CNS disease is an important aspect of lymphoma management, and new medications, such as a sustained-release formulation of intrathecal cytarabine, will have an increasingly relevant role.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / drug therapy. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / prevention & control. Cytarabine / therapeutic use. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16503851.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8328
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of anticancer therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Anticancer Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 59
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75. Falchi L, Capello D, Palumbo B, Rauco A, Emili R, Cianciulli M, Pace R, Capparella V, Liberati F, Liberati AM: A case of nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's lymphoma repeatedly relapsing in the context of composite plasma cell-hyaline vascular Castleman's disease: successful response to rituximab and radiotherapy. Eur J Haematol; 2007 Nov;79(5):455-61
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  • [Title] A case of nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's lymphoma repeatedly relapsing in the context of composite plasma cell-hyaline vascular Castleman's disease: successful response to rituximab and radiotherapy.
  • We report the case of an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)- and human immunodeficiency virus-serum negative patient suffering from repeatedly relapsing classical Hodgkin's Lymphoma (cHL) associated with a histological picture of plasma cell-hyaline vascular (PC-HV) form of Castleman's disease (CD).
  • The CD30- and CD15-positive, Reed-Sternberg/Hodgkin cells, only occasionally expressed the CD20 molecule, but not leukocyte common antigen and latent membrane protein-1.
  • Relapsing cHL in the context of mixed PC-HV CD was documented in two of three surgically excised abdominal lymph nodes never previously enlarged or involved by any lymphoproliferative disease.
  • Because of the limited disease extension and failure to induce continuous remission with previous conventional chemoradiotherapy, the patient was treated with six rituximab injections.
  • Because of uncertain persistent disease in the supraclavicular nodal site, involved-field radiotherapy (RT) was delivered in that area as consolidation treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / complications. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / radiotherapy. Hyalin / metabolism. Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use. Plasma Cells

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  • (PMID = 17908180.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Immunologic Factors; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2121125
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76. Marr-Belvin AK, Carville AK, Fahey MA, Boisvert K, Klumpp SA, Ohashi M, Wang F, O'Neil SP, Westmoreland SV: Rhesus lymphocryptovirus type 1-associated B-cell nasal lymphoma in SIV-infected rhesus macaques. Vet Pathol; 2008 Nov;45(6):914-21
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  • [Title] Rhesus lymphocryptovirus type 1-associated B-cell nasal lymphoma in SIV-infected rhesus macaques.
  • EBV has been associated with a variety of malignancies, but it has a demonstrated role in lymphomas, especially in immunosuppressed individuals.
  • Sinonasal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas have been reported in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at an increased frequency.
  • Rhesus LCV (rhLCV), the rhesus viral homolog of EBV, has been cloned and is associated with B-cell lymphomas in immunosuppressed rhesus macaques.
  • We report two cases of B-cell lymphoma within the nasal cavity from 2 simian immunodeficiency virus-infected rhesus macaques with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  • Nasal lymphoma is an unusual presentation of rhLCV-associated B-cell lymphoma in immunosuppressed rhesus macaques.
  • These tumors demonstrate comparable viral pathogenesis with EBV-induced nasal lymphomas in HIV-positive people.

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  • (PMID = 18984796.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9858
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / T32 RR007000; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR00168; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P51 RR000168; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / K26 RR000168; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / T32 RR007000-32; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR007000-32; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR07000
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS90380; NLM/ PMC2735115
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77. Corti M, Villafañe MF, Souto L, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M, Soler Mde D: Burkitt's lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop; 2007 May-Jun;40(3):338-40
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  • [Title] Burkitt's lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell type is the second most common neoplasm after Kaposi's sarcoma, among patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  • Most non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cases that are associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome involve extranodal sites, especially the digestive tract and the central nervous system.
  • We report a case of primary lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS.
  • A complete diagnostic study including histological, immunohistochemical and virological analyses showed high-grade B-cell Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / diagnosis. Duodenal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17653472.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-8682
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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78. Nemunaitis MC, Schussler JM, Shiller SM, Sloan LM, Mennel RG: Primary effusion lymphoma diagnosed by pericardiocentesis. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent); 2009 Jan;22(1):77-80
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  • [Title] Primary effusion lymphoma diagnosed by pericardiocentesis.
  • Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), formerly known as body cavity-based lymphoma, is a high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with Kaposi's sarcoma and human herpesvirus 8 infection.
  • PEL is often diagnosed in patients with HIV infection and carries a poor prognosis, with median survival near 6 months.
  • We describe a patient who presented with symptomatic pericardial effusion, secondary to newly diagnosed PEL, and no prior history of HIV infection.

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  • (PMID = 19169406.001).
  • [ISSN] 0899-8280
  • [Journal-full-title] Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2626366
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79. Corti M, Villafañe Fioti MF, Lewi D, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M, de Dios Soler M: [Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of the digestive tract and anexal glands in AIDS patients]. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam; 2006 Dec;36(4):190-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of the digestive tract and anexal glands in AIDS patients].
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is the second most common neoplasm among patients with AIDS.
  • One of the major clinical characteristics of AIDS-associated NHL is the high frequency of extra-nodal involvement, including the gastrointestinal tract, at initial presentation.
  • METHODS: From January 1997 to December 2004, 8 cases of NHL of the digestive tract and anexal glands (liver and parotid gland) were observed at the HIV/AIDS division of the Infectious Diseases FJ Muñiz Hospital from Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • No patient was receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) at lymphoma diagnosis.
  • The global incidence of AIDS-associated lymphomas (central nervous system lymphomas, non-Hodgkin lymphomas and Hodgkin lymphoma) during the time of study was 2,9% (54 cases); 17 patients (32%) had diagnosis of systemic NHL; 10 (58,8%) of them were extranodal at the onset of clinical symptoms and 8 (80%) involvement the digestive tract and anexal glands (parotid gland, cavum, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, the right colon in 2 patients and the liver), as primary NHL of high grade and "B" phenotype.
  • Primary duodenal lymphoma was the only Burkitt lymphoma of this serie and we detected the Epstein-Barr virus genome in the biopsy smears of this tumor and in the hepatic lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: NHL of the gastrointestinal tract is a severe complication of advanced HIV/AIDS disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis


80. Kestler MH, Gardner EM, Cohn DL: Hepatic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with lactic acidosis in HIV-infected patients: report of 2 cases. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic); 2010 Sep-Oct;9(5):301-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hepatic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with lactic acidosis in HIV-infected patients: report of 2 cases.
  • We report 2 patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with massive hepatic involvement and lactic acidosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Acidosis, Lactic / etiology. Liver Neoplasms / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications

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  • (PMID = 20739590.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-1097
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (Chicago, Ill. : 2002)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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81. Newsom-Davis T, Ahamed E, Bower M: Immunotherapy for HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Expert Opin Biol Ther; 2009 Oct;9(10):1313-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunotherapy for HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • The onset of the AIDS epidemic in 1981 was followed by descriptions of many opportunistic infections as well as several unusual cancers.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) was classified as an AIDS-defining illness within 4 years, and is up to 200 times more common in HIV-positive patients.
  • Here, against a background of the history of immunotherapy, we review clinicopathological features of HIV-associated NHL and discuss current cancer immunotherapeutic treatments including immune reconstitution using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies, radioimmunotherapy, stem cell transplantation, cytokine therapy and vaccination.
  • As the prognosis for HIV-associated NHL nears that of the general population, these approaches are of increasing importance and value.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunotherapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19645631.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-7682
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert opinion on biological therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Opin Biol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Cancer Vaccines; 0 / Cytokines
  • [Number-of-references] 100
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82. Lu TH, Chang HJ, Chen LS, Chu MH, Ou NM, Jen I: Changes in causes of death and associated conditions among persons with HIV/AIDS after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc; 2006 Jul;105(7):604-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Changes in causes of death and associated conditions among persons with HIV/AIDS after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy in Taiwan.
  • To assess the pattern of change in the causes of death among HIV/AIDS patients in Taiwan after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), national HIV/AIDS registry data were linked with cause of death and health insurance claims data from 1994 to 2002 for analysis.
  • Although HIV/AIDS remained the leading underlying cause of death among HIV/AIDS patients during the study period (552/752 = 73.4%), an increased proportion of deaths was due to non-HIV/AIDS causes (other infectious diseases, cancers, liver diseases, etc.) after the introduction of HAART in 1997.
  • Most AIDS-related conditions associated with death (cryptococcosis, cachexia/wasting, dementia/encephalopathy, etc.) decreased in frequency from 1998-2000 to 2001-2002.
  • Nonetheless, some AIDS-related conditions associated with death remained stable or increased in frequency, such as candidiasis, tuberculosis, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • More effort is required to address the mental health of HIV/AIDS patients as a part of therapy.


83. Breen EC, Epeldegui M, Boscardin WJ, Widney DP, Detels R, Martínez-Maza O: Elevated levels of soluble CD44 precede the development of AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma. AIDS; 2005 Oct 14;19(15):1711-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Elevated levels of soluble CD44 precede the development of AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD44 / blood. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] HIV Infections / immunology. Homosexuality. Humans. Male

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  • [CommentOn] AIDS. 2000 Jul 7;14(10):1460-1 [10930167.001]
  • (PMID = 16184051.001).
  • [ISSN] 0269-9370
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 5-M01-RR-00722; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI28697; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA57152; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA73475; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA96888; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01-AI-35039; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01-AI-35041; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01-AI-35042; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01-AI-35043; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01-AI-37613; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01-AI-37984; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01-AI35040
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD44; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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84. Takacs M, Segesdi J, Banati F, Koroknai A, Wolf H, Niller HH, Minarovits J: The importance of epigenetic alterations in the development of epstein-barr virus-related lymphomas. Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis; 2009;1(2):e2009012
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  • [Title] The importance of epigenetic alterations in the development of epstein-barr virus-related lymphomas.
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a human gammaherpesvirus, is associated with a series of malignant tumors.
  • These include lymphomas (Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, T/NK-cell lymphoma, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease, AIDS-associated lymphoma, X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome), carcinomas (nasopharyngeal carcinoma, gastric carcinoma, carcinomas of major salivary glands, thymic carcinoma, mammary carcinoma) and a sarcoma (leiomyosarcoma).
  • Based on the cell type specific epigenetic marks associated with latent EBV genomes one can distinguish between viral epigenotypes that differ in transcriptional activity in spite of having an identical (or nearly identical) DNA sequence.
  • EBNA3C (EBNA6) seems to be associated both with histone acetylases and deacetylases, although in separate complexes.
  • In epithelial cells LMP1 can up-regulate DNA methyltransferases and, in Hodgkin lymphoma cells, induce the Polycomb group protein Bmi-1.
  • Elucidation of the epigenetic consequences of EBV-host interactions (within the framework of the emerging new field of patho-epigenetics) may have important implications for therapy and disease prevention, because epigenetic processes are reversible and continuous silencing of EBV genes contributing to patho-epigenetic changes may prevent disease development.

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  • (PMID = 21416002.001).
  • [ISSN] 2035-3006
  • [Journal-full-title] Mediterranean journal of hematology and infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3033174
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85. Han YY, Dinse GE, Davis DL: Temporal and demographic patterns of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma incidence in Pennsylvania. Int J Occup Environ Health; 2010 Jan-Mar;16(1):75-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Temporal and demographic patterns of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma incidence in Pennsylvania.
  • Our study analyzed temporal and demographic patterns of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) incidence in Pennsylvania and compared Pennsylvania time trends with national trends.
  • Ecologic analysis identified demographic factors associated with age-adjusted county-specific NHL incidence.
  • Diffuse lymphoma appeared to be the major contributor to the increases.
  • [MeSH-major] African Americans / statistics & numerical data. Demography. European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology