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1. Cluzeau T, Mounier N: [Patients and the Web]. Bull Cancer; 2010 Oct;97(10):1133-6
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  • HIV infection is an infection highly publicized in recent years, we take the case of Hodgkin's disease associated with HIV to compare data from the Internet and scientific articles.
  • [MeSH-major] Information Dissemination / methods. Internet / standards. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related. Medical Informatics Applications. Patient Education as Topic / standards
  • [MeSH-minor] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Drug Therapy, Combination / methods. Humans. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 20663740.001).
  • [ISSN] 1769-6917
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin du cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Cancer
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
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2. Widney DP, Gui D, Popoviciu LM, Said JW, Breen EC, Huang X, Kitchen CM, Alcantar JM, Smith JB, Detels R, Martínez-Maza O: Expression and Function of the Chemokine, CXCL13, and Its Receptor, CXCR5, in Aids-Associated Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma. AIDS Res Treat; 2010;2010:164586

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  • [Title] Expression and Function of the Chemokine, CXCL13, and Its Receptor, CXCR5, in Aids-Associated Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma.
  • CXCL13/CXCR5 are expressed, and may play a role, in some non-AIDS-associated B cell tumors.
  • Objective. To determine if CXCL13/CXCR5 are associated with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (AIDS-NHL).
  • Methods. Serum CXCL13 levels were measured by ELISA in 46 subjects who developed AIDS-NHL in the Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study and in controls.
  • The expression or function of CXCL13 and CXCR5 was examined on primary AIDS-NHL specimens or AIDS-NHL cell lines.
  • Results. Serum CXCL13 levels were significantly elevated in the AIDS-NHL group compared to controls.
  • All primary AIDS-NHL specimens showed CXCR5 expression and most also showed CXCL13 expression.
  • AIDS-NHL cell lines expressed CXCR5 and showed chemotaxis towards CXCL13.
  • Conclusions. CXCL13/CXCR5 are expressed in AIDS-NHL and could potentially be involved in its biology.
  • CXCL13 may have potential as a biomarker for AIDS-NHL.

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  • (PMID = 21490903.001).
  • [ISSN] 2090-1259
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS research and treatment
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS Res Treat
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035042; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI037984; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA073475; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI037613; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR000722; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035041; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016042; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UM1 AI035043; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI028697; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA057152; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035043; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035040; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI035039
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3065842
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3. Wood C, Harrington W Jr: AIDS and associated malignancies. Cell Res; 2005 Nov-Dec;15(11-12):947-52
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  • [Title] AIDS and associated malignancies.
  • AIDS associated malignancies (ARL) is a major complication associated with AIDS patients upon immunosuppression.
  • Chronically immunocompromised patients have a markedly increased risk of developing lymphoproliferative disease.
  • In the era of potent antiretrovirals therapy (ARV), the malignant complications due to HIV-1 infection have decreased in developed nations where ARV is administered, but still poses a major problem in developing countries where HIV-1 incidence is high and ARV is still not yet widely available.
  • Even in ARV treated individuals there is a concern that the prolonged survival of many HIV-1 carriers is likely to eventually result in an increased number of malignancies diagnosed.
  • Malignancies that were found to have high incidence in HIV-infected individuals are Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), Hodgkin's disease (HD) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • The incidence of NHL has increased nearly 200 fold in HIV-positive patients, and accounts for a greater percentage of AIDS defining illness in the US and Europe since the advent of HAART therapy.
  • These AIDS related lymphomas are distinct from their counterparts seen in HIV-1 seronegative patients.
  • For example nearly half of all cases of ARL are associated with the presence of a gamma herpesvirus, Epstein Barr virus (EBV) or human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8)/ Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV).
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. HIV / physiology. Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 16354573.001).
  • [ISSN] 1001-0602
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082274; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA76958; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD39620; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR15635
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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4. Hentrich M, Maretta L, Chow KU, Bogner JR, Schürmann D, Neuhoff P, Jäger H, Reichelt D, Vogel M, Ruhnke M, Oette M, Weiss R, Rockstroh J, Arasteh K, Mitrou P: Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) improves survival in HIV-associated Hodgkin's disease: results of a multicenter study. Ann Oncol; 2006 Jun;17(6):914-9
HIV InSite. treatment guidelines - Human Herpesvirus-8 .

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  • [Title] Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) improves survival in HIV-associated Hodgkin's disease: results of a multicenter study.
  • BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the outcome of Hodgkin's disease (HD) in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with respect to the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cohort study included patients with HIV-HD diagnosed from June 1984 to February 2004.
  • RESULTS: Of 66 patients with HIV-HD, 47 (71%) presented with stage III/IV disease and 38 patients (58%) with an AIDS-defining illness.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Use of HAART significantly improved the overall survival in patients with HIV-HD.

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  • (PMID = 16565210.001).
  • [ISSN] 0923-7534
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
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5. Pereg D, Koren G, Lishner M: The treatment of Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in pregnancy. Haematologica; 2007 Sep;92(9):1230-7
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  • [Title] The treatment of Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in pregnancy.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Lymphoma is the fourth most frequent malignancy diagnosed during pregnancy, occurring in approximately 1 over 6000 deliveries.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: Its occurrence may increase due to the current trend to postpone pregnancy until later in life and the evidence suggested high incidence of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in developing countries.
  • The relatively rare occurrence of pregnancy-associated lymphoma precludes the conduction of large, prospective studies to examine diagnostic, management and outcome issues.
  • RESULTS: Chemotherapy and radiotherapy during the first trimester are associated with increased risk of congenital malformations and this risk diminishes as pregnancy advances.
  • In the vast majority of cases, when lymphoma is diagnosed during the first trimester, treatment with a standard chemotherapy regimen, following pregnancy termination should be recommended.
  • In the rare patients at low risk, such as those with stage 1 Hodgkin's lymphoma or indolent non-Hodgkins lymphoma, therapy can be delayed until the end of the first trimester and of embryogenesis while keeping the patients under close observation.
  • INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: When lymphoma is diagnosed during the second and third trimesters, evidence exists suggesting that full-dose chemotherapy can be administered safely without apparent increased risk of severe adverse fetal outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Hodgkin Disease / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17666365.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 67
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6. Orem J, Fu P, Ness A, Mwanda WO, Remick SC: Oral combination chemotherapy in the treatment of AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease. East Afr Med J; 2005 Sep;82(9 Suppl):S144-9
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  • [Title] Oral combination chemotherapy in the treatment of AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of an oral combination chemotherapy regimen administered to patients with AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical demographic variables, peripheral blood counts, serum chemistries, CD4 lymphocyte count, histopathological subtype of Hodgkin's disease were identified for all patients, who were staged according to Ann Arbor criteria.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This feasibility study demonstrates acceptable tolerance and excellent clinical activity of oral combination chemotherapy in patients with AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16619690.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] East African medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] East Afr Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Kenya
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 35S93Y190K / Procarbazine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7BRF0Z81KG / Lomustine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
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7. Lin L, Lee JY, Kaplan LD, Dezube BJ, Noy A, Krown SE, Levine AM, Yu Y, Hayward GS, Ambinder RF: Effects of chemotherapy in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus DNA in blood. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15):2496-502
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  • [Title] Effects of chemotherapy in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma on Kaposi's sarcoma herpesvirus DNA in blood.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the relative frequency with which Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/HHV-8 (KSHV) DNA is detected in peripheral-blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and in plasma of patients with AIDS-KS and AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; AIDS-NHL); to determine whether the presence of viral DNA in plasma reflects lysis of tumor cells or reflects the presence of viremia (ie, virion-encapsidated DNA); and to determine the effect of lymphoma therapy on KSHV DNA.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Samples were obtained from patients enrolled in AIDS Malignancy Consortium clinical trials and from healthy donors.
  • RESULTS: In patients with AIDS-KS, KSHV DNA was detected in PBMC (54%) and in plasma (62%).
  • In patients with AIDS-NHL, KSHV DNA was detected in PBMC (19%) and in plasma (22%).
  • In six patients with AIDS-NHL who were treated with chemotherapy (with or without rituximab), KSHV copy number declined in PBMC and in plasma.
  • CONCLUSION: KSHV DNA is sometimes detected in PBMC or in plasma of patients with AIDS-NHL without KS.
  • Among patients with KSHV DNA detected in PBMC or in plasma, copy number does not distinguish between patients with AIDS-NHL and AIDS-KS.
  • KSHV DNA copy number in PBMC and in plasma declined with lymphoma-directed cytotoxic chemotherapy in each of the six patients studied.

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  • (PMID = 19349542.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA96888; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070047; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070019; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083038; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083035; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070072; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA083118; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA071375; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070079; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA70081; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070062; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA70058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA121947; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070080; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA096888
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / DNA, Viral
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2684854
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8. Levine AM: Management of AIDS-related lymphoma. Curr Opin Oncol; 2008 Sep;20(5):522-8
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  • [Title] Management of AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy, the epidemiology of AIDS-lymphoma has changed, and prognosis has improved.
  • Although the incidence of AIDS-lymphoma has decreased, the incidence of HIV-associated Hodgkin's lymphoma has increased; mechanisms for these changes in epidemiology will be discussed.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Use of highly active antiretroviral therapy, either concomitantly or immediately after completion of chemotherapy, has resulted in rates of complete remission and survival that are similar to those in HIV-negative patients.
  • The use of rituximab, while initially controversial because of reports of increased risk of infectious death, is associated with improved outcome; the increased risk of infectious death has not been confirmed.
  • The infusional etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin regimen is associated with excellent results.
  • High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplant is associated with long-term, disease-free survival in approximately 50-80% of patients with relapsed/refractory AIDS-lymphoma.
  • Addition of rituximab is associated with improved response rates, without an increase in infections.
  • Infusional etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin is associated with excellent results among patients with either diffuse large B cell lymphoma or Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Optimal therapy for patients with HIV-Hodgkin's lymphoma has not yet been defined.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19106654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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9. Cheung MC, Hicks LK, Leitch HA: Excessive neurotoxicity with ABVD when combined with protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy in the treatment of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk; 2010 Apr;10(2):E22-5
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  • [Title] Excessive neurotoxicity with ABVD when combined with protease inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy in the treatment of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is the second most common non-AIDS-defining malignancy among persons infected with HIV, and its incidence might be increasing in the current era of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).
  • Antiretroviral therapy is commonly prescribed concomitantly with chemotherapy in the treatment of AIDS-related malignancies.
  • In particular, the potential for excessive vinca alkaloid-associated toxicity is significant, given the metabolism of drugs such as vinblastine by the 3A4 isoenzyme of the cytochrome P450 system and the inhibition of this isoenzyme by protease inhibitors.
  • We report 3 patients who experienced severe vinblastine-associated neurotoxicity during concomitant treatment with ritonavirboosted antiretrovirals.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related


10. Bosch Príncep R, Lejeune M, Salvadó Usach MT, Jaén Martínez J, Pons Ferré LE, Alvaro Naranjo T: Decreased number of granzyme B+ activated CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes in the inflammatory background of HIV-associated Hodgkin's lymphoma. Ann Hematol; 2005 Oct;84(10):661-6
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  • [Title] Decreased number of granzyme B+ activated CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes in the inflammatory background of HIV-associated Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • This study aimed to assess the differences in the cellular composition of the inflammatory reactive background around tumoral cells of classical Hodgkin's lymphomas (cHL) inside and outside the HIV settings.
  • Sections from paraffin-embedded tumor samples from nine HIV-infected cHL patients were immunostained, using standard immunohistochemical protocols and were compared to a control group of 90 HIV-noninfected cHL patients.
  • Our clinical and histological data indicate that HIV-infected cHL patients present a higher frequency of mixed cellularity (MC) histological subtypes, more advanced disease stages, a poor response to treatment, and a poor overall survival compared to control patients.
  • The inflammatory infiltrate of HIV-infected patients had a significant reduction of CD4+ T lymphocytes (CD4/CD8 ratio 1:23), a decrease in infiltrating GrB+ cells (activated cytotoxic cells) and an increase in infiltrating TIA+ T cells (mainly nonactivated cytotoxic cells) in these patients (GrB/TIA-1 ratio 1:12).
  • In conclusion, this study highlights an important intratumoral loss of CD4+ T cells (striking inversion in the CD4/CD8 ratio) and a decrease in intratumoral activated cytotoxic T lymphocytes in HIV-associated cHL patients.
  • Further studies are required to confirm these results and to determine the role of these findings on the antitumoral immune response observed in HIV-associated cHL.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / metabolism. HIV. HIV Infections / metabolism. Hodgkin Disease / metabolism. Serine Endopeptidases / metabolism


11. Berenguer J, Miralles P, Ribera JM, Rubio R, Valencia E, Mahillo B, Pintado V, Palacios R, Montes ML, Téllez MJ, La Cruz J, Torre-Cisneros J, Rodríguez-Arrondo F, Sepúlveda MA, Gutiérrez F, Peralta G, Boix V: Characteristics and outcome of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2008 Apr 1;47(4):422-8
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  • [Title] Characteristics and outcome of AIDS-related Hodgkin lymphoma before and after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • OBJECTIVES: We analyzed survival, therapeutic response, and prognostic factors in patients with HIV-related Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) treated or not with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • Outcomes and prognostic factors of complete remission (CR), overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS) were assessed by an intention-to-treat analysis of all patients who received at least 1 chemotherapy course.
  • RESULTS: No differences were found between groups at baseline in the specific characteristics of HIV and HL.
  • Factors independently associated with CR by logistic regression analysis were appropriate-for-stage therapy of HL, HAART, and baseline CD4 count > or =100 cells/microL.
  • CR was the only factor independently associated with OS by Cox regression analysis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The achievement of CR was independently associated with appropriate-for-stage therapy for HL, with HAART, and with a baseline CD4 count > or =100 cells/microL.
  • The only variable independently associated with OS was the achievement of CR.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy


12. Makinson A, Martelli N, Peyrière H, Turriere C, Le Moing V, Reynes J: Profound neutropenia resulting from interaction between antiretroviral therapy and vinblastine in a patient with HIV-associated Hodgkin's disease. Eur J Haematol; 2007 Apr;78(4):358-60
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  • [Title] Profound neutropenia resulting from interaction between antiretroviral therapy and vinblastine in a patient with HIV-associated Hodgkin's disease.
  • A HIV infected patient was treated for stage IVB Hodgkin's lymphoma by ABVD (doxorubicine, bleomycine, vinblastine, dacarbazine) chemotherapy and lopinavir-ritonavir based antiretroviral therapy inducing profound life-threatening neutropenia.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Neutropenia / chemically induced. Vinblastine / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 17378895.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents; 5V9KLZ54CY / Vinblastine
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13. De Paoli P: Novel virally targeted therapies of EBV-associated tumors. Curr Cancer Drug Targets; 2008 Nov;8(7):591-6
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  • [Title] Novel virally targeted therapies of EBV-associated tumors.
  • EBV is associated to the development of several malignancies of lymphoid and epithelial origin, including Burkitt's Lymphoma, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders, Hodgkin's disease, AIDS-associated lymphomas, NK/T cell lymphoma and Nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
  • EBV genes play an essential role in the development of the malignant phenotype and therefore molecules interfering with the function of these genes may represent an essential tool to treat EBV-associated malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 18991568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5576
  • [Journal-full-title] Current cancer drug targets
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Cancer Drug Targets
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 122
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14. Tserenpuntsag B, Kołacińska A, Jabłonowska E: [AIDS associated cancers in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)]. Przegl Epidemiol; 2007;61(3):529-34
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  • [Title] [AIDS associated cancers in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)].
  • [Transliterated title] Nowotwory zwiazane z AIDS w erze skojarzonego leczenia antyretrowirusowego (HAART).
  • HIV infected subjects are at increased risk of developing cancer and the risk seems to be directly associated with the level of immunodeficiency.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma, Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (ARL) and invasive cervical cancer are the most common AIDS-defining malignancies.
  • HAART widely used since 1996 changed the natural process of HIV infection by aggressively suppressing viral replication and progress of HIV disease.
  • It significantly reduced the incidence of AIDS associated events and deaths and even changed treatment regimens ofAIDS associated cancers.
  • HAART allows the use of standard-dose chemotherapies for NON-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV infected pacients and same treatment regimen for invasive cervical cancer in infected patients as non-infected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Male. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome


15. Martí-Carvajal AJ, Cardona AF, Lawrence A: Interventions for previously untreated patients with AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2009;(3):CD005419
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  • [Title] Interventions for previously untreated patients with AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is known to be associated with an increased risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical effectiveness and safety of single agent or combination chemotherapy with or without immunochemotherapy (rituximab) and with or without highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) for previously untreated patients with AIDS-related NHL.
  • For additional information see the Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group search strategy.
  • SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effectiveness of systemic treatments for previously untreated AIDS-related NHL.
  • Disease free survival (DFS) was reported in two of the four RCTs, but it was not statistically significant between treatment groups.
  • AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence that the systemic interventions for untreated patients with AIDS-related NHL provide superior clinical effectiveness for improving OS, DSF, and tumour response rate; however, this conclusion is based on four RCTs with limited sample size and variable quality.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Bleomycin / administration & dosage. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Dexamethasone / administration & dosage. Disease-Free Survival. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Female. Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / administration & dosage. Humans. Leucovorin / administration & dosage. Male. Methotrexate / administration & dosage. Prednisolone / administration & dosage. Prednisone / administration & dosage. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Rituximab. Vincristine / administration & dosage. Vindesine / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 19588373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 83869-56-1 / Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; RSA8KO39WH / Vindesine; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate; LNH 87 protocol; M-BACOD protocol; VAP-cyclo protocol
  • [Number-of-references] 112
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16. Martí-Carvajal AJ, Cardona AF, Rodríguez ML: Interventions for treating AIDS-associated Hodgkin s lymphoma in treatment-naive adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2007;(2):CD006149
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  • [Title] Interventions for treating AIDS-associated Hodgkin s lymphoma in treatment-naive adults.
  • BACKGROUND: Hodgkin's disease (HD) is the most common non-AIDS-defining malignancy in HIV-infected patients.
  • Its unusually aggressive tumour behaviour includes a higher frequency of unfavourable histologic subtypes, high-stage and extranodal involvement by the time of presentation (anal canal, stomach), and poor therapeutic outcome, in comparison with HD outside the HIV setting.
  • Thus, there is a need to identify the efficacy and safety of different interventions for AIDS-associated HD on overall survival and disease-free survival in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of different interventions for treating AIDS-associated Hodgkin's disease including chemotherapy, bone marrow transplantation (BMT), and gene therapy on overall survival and disease-free survival in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched The Cochrane HIV/AIDS Group Trials Register (September 2006), which comprises references identified from comprehensive electronic database searches and handsearching of relevant journals and abstract books of conference proceedings.
  • MAIN RESULTS: We were unable to find any randomised controlled trials of interventions for treating AIDS-associated HD in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: Randomised controlled trials are needed to establish the efficacy and safety of interventions for treating AIDS-associated HD in treatment-naive adults with AIDS.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17443616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 75
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17. Newsom-Davis T, Ahamed E, Bower M: Immunotherapy for HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Expert Opin Biol Ther; 2009 Oct;9(10):1313-24
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  • [Title] Immunotherapy for HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • The onset of the AIDS epidemic in 1981 was followed by descriptions of many opportunistic infections as well as several unusual cancers.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) was classified as an AIDS-defining illness within 4 years, and is up to 200 times more common in HIV-positive patients.
  • Here, against a background of the history of immunotherapy, we review clinicopathological features of HIV-associated NHL and discuss current cancer immunotherapeutic treatments including immune reconstitution using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies, radioimmunotherapy, stem cell transplantation, cytokine therapy and vaccination.
  • As the prognosis for HIV-associated NHL nears that of the general population, these approaches are of increasing importance and value.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunotherapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19645631.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-7682
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert opinion on biological therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Opin Biol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Cancer Vaccines; 0 / Cytokines
  • [Number-of-references] 100
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18. Akanmu AS: AIDS-associated malignancies. Afr J Med Med Sci; 2006 Dec;35 Suppl:57-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-associated malignancies.
  • A number of immunodeficiency states--both inherited (such as agammaglobulinaemia, Bloom's syndrome, hereditary telangiectasia) and acquired (e.g. immunosuppressive therapy) have been associated with varieties of cancers.
  • HIV induces more profound immunodeficiency state and it should not be difficult to imaging why cancer diagnosis is made in over 40% of HIV infected patients.
  • Impairment of normal function of natural killer cells as a result of lack of helper signals from CD4+ T-lymphocytes may be a major mechanism of increased susceptibility to cancer development in HIV infected patients.
  • Three neoplastic diseases are associated so commonly with HIV infection that each of them has become recognized as an AIDS defining illness.
  • These are Kaposi's Sarcoma (KS), Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) and Cervical Carcinoma.
  • Both KS and NHL were recognized as AIDS associated cancers from the onset of the epidemic in 1981 but carcinoma of the cervix became AIDS defining in 1993.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18050776.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-3913
  • [Journal-full-title] African journal of medicine and medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr J Med Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
  • [Number-of-references] 114
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19. Breen EC, Fatahi S, Epeldegui M, Boscardin WJ, Detels R, Martínez-Maza O: Elevated serum soluble CD30 precedes the development of AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma. Tumour Biol; 2006;27(4):187-94
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  • [Title] Elevated serum soluble CD30 precedes the development of AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma.
  • CD30, first described as the Ki antigen on malignant B cells in Hodgkin's lymphoma, is also expressed on normal activated B and T cells.
  • In a cross-sectional study utilizing archived sera at a time point close to but preceding a diagnosis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-associated non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma, AIDS lymphoma subjects (n = 49) showed elevated mean levels of sCD30 compared to controls with AIDS but no malignancy (n = 44, p < 0.01), HIV-infected but relatively healthy (n = 47, p < 0.001), or HIV-seronegative controls (n = 44, p < 0.001).
  • Serum sCD30 was significantly correlated to serum levels of the B cell cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, and sCD23, but only among lymphoma subjects (p < or = 0.05).
  • Correlations between sCD30 and other markers of immune system activation were seen among all HIV-infected subjects (sCD27, sCD44, CXCL13, p < 0.05).
  • These observations suggest that sCD30, especially in combination with other immune system molecules, could be an important biomarker for an immune system environment conducive to B cell hyperactivation and the development of AIDS-associated B cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD30 / blood. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / physiopathology. Antigens, CD / blood. Biomarkers. CD4 Lymphocyte Count. HIV Infections / physiopathology. Humans. Interleukins / blood. Predictive Value of Tests. Survival Analysis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16651853.001).
  • [ISSN] 1010-4283
  • [Journal-full-title] Tumour biology : the journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tumour Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 5-M01-RR-00722; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI28697; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA73475; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA96888; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01-AI-35043; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35039; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35040; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35041; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-35042; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-37613; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UO1-AI-37984
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD30; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Interleukins
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20. Rochford R, Feuer G, Orem J, Banura C, Katongole-Mbidde E, Mwanda WO, Moormann A, Harrington WJ, Remick SC: Strategies to overcome myelotoxic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. East Afr Med J; 2005 Sep;82(9 Suppl):S155-60
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  • [Title] Strategies to overcome myelotoxic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Strategies to circumvent or lessen the myelotoxicity associated with combination chemotherapy may improve the overall outcome of the management of patients particularly in resource poor settings.
  • OBJECTIVES: To develop effective non-myelotoxic therapies for Burkitt's Lymphoma (BL) and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Myelotoxic death rates using multi-agent induction chemotherapy approach 25% for endemic Burkitt's lymphoma and range between 20% to 60% for AIDS-related malignancy.
  • This is mostly explained by the paucity of supportive care compounded by wasting and inanition attributable to advanced cancer and HIV infection making patients more susceptible to myelosuppressive side effects of cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Investigations and alternative approaches that lessen or circumvent myelotoxicity of traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy for the management of Burkitt's lymphoma and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the resource-constrained setting are warranted.
  • This can be achieved by developing targeted anti-viral and other strategies, such as the use of bryostatin 1 and vincristine, and by developing a preclinical mouse model to frame the clinical rationale for a pilot trial of metronomic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Macrolides / therapeutic use. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16619692.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] East African medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] East Afr Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Kenya
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Bryostatins; 0 / Macrolides; 37O2X55Y9E / bryostatin 1; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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21. Mosthaf FA, Hanhoff NJ, Goetzenich A, Wolf E, Knechten H: [High incidence of non-AIDS-defined cancers among HIV-infected patients in Germany. A 3-year nationwide review]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr; 2006 Aug 25;131(34-35):1849-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [High incidence of non-AIDS-defined cancers among HIV-infected patients in Germany. A 3-year nationwide review].
  • [Transliterated title] Hohe Inzidenz nicht AIDS-definierender Neoplasien bei HIV-infizierten Patienten in Deutschland. Ein 3-jähriger bundesweiter Uberblick.
  • OBJECTIVE: It was the main aim of this study to obtain data on the epidemiology of AIDS- and not AIDS-defined malignancies in HIV-positive persons, the results to provide an epidemiological overview and to be the basis for further research initiatives.
  • Additionally it sought to gain an impression of the realities of treatment of patients with HIV-associated malignant tumors in Germany.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a period of 3 years (from the beginning of 2000 to the end of 2002) data were retrospectively collected on the incidence of malignant tumors in HIV-positive patients.
  • A questionnaire was sent to all members of the German Working Party of Physicians in Private Practice Treating HIV-Infected Patients, all members of the Association of Haematologists and Oncologists in Private Practice, and all out-patient HIV clinics in Germany.
  • The data were collected on all AIDS- and not-AIDS-defined haematological malignancies and all AIDS- and not-AIDS-defined solid malignant tumors in HIV-positive patients, as well as on time of diagnosis of the malignancy, tumor stage, tumor treatment and response to treatment.
  • 180 malignant neoplasms (47%) were AIDS-defined: 89 Kaposi's sarcomas, 82 aggressive B-cell lymphomas and 9 invasive cervical carcinomas.
  • The aggressive B-cell lymphomas consisted of 19 cases of Burkitt's lymphoma, 8 of Castleman's disease and 12 of primary cerebral malignant lymphoma.
  • Of the 200 (52.6%) not-AIDS-defined malignant tumors 133 were 133 solid tumors, 40 of them anal carcinoma (20% of all not-AIDS-defined malignancies) and 67 haematological malignancies, 22 of these Hodgkin's lymphoma (11.0% of all not-AIDS-defined malignancies).
  • The incidence of anal carcinoma is estimated to be 34 (95% CI 24-470) per 100 000 patient-years, that of Hodgkin's lymphoma 19 (95% CI 12-28) per 100 000 patient-years.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that over a period of 3 years there was a very high incidence of not-AIDS-defined malignancies.
  • Of special note is the high incidence of anal carcinoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma, compared with their incidence among the entire German population.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / epidemiology. HIV Infections / complications. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Neoplasms / epidemiology. Neoplasms / virology


22. Uriarte-Duque J, Hernández-Riverab G: [Treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with acquired immnodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán]. Gac Med Mex; 2006 Mar-Apr;142(2):99-102
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  • [Title] [Treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with acquired immnodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) at the Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán].
  • [Transliterated title] Tratamiento de pacientes con linfomas no Hodgkin asociados a SIDA: experiencia del Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán.
  • BACKGROUND: Survival in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) related non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma has improved with the use of High Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) and less toxic chemotherapy.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical characteristics and outcome among patients treated for AIDS related non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma are described.
  • Overall survival (OS) and Free Disease Survival (FDS) using a Kaplan-Meier model were analyzed.
  • The overall Survival was 18 months and 13 month Free Disease Survival with a median follow-up of 16 months showing full response in 8/9 patients was observed.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16711542.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-3813
  • [Journal-full-title] Gaceta médica de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gac Med Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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23. Palmieri C, Treibel T, Large O, Bower M: AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the first decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy. QJM; 2006 Dec;99(12):811-26
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  • [Title] AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the first decade of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has had a dramatic effect on the natural history of HIV disease, reducing the incidence of opportunistic infections and Kaposi's sarcoma, and improving overall survival.
  • Since HAART became available in 1996, the incidence of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) has fallen, and although there has been no change in the clinical features at presentation, the overall survival of patients with AIDS-related NHL has improved.
  • Prognosis is now determined chiefly by lymphoma-associated factors similar to those in the general population (the International Prognostic Index), although serum CD4 count at lymphoma diagnosis is an additional independent prognostic factor.
  • The management of patients with AIDS-related NHL with either infusional chemotherapy or CHOP-like regimens (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone) achieves response and survival rates approaching those observed in the general population.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Neutropenia / therapy. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17085516.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2725
  • [Journal-full-title] QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians
  • [ISO-abbreviation] QJM
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 91
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24. Corti M, Villafañe Fioti MF, Lewi D, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M, de Dios Soler M: [Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of the digestive tract and anexal glands in AIDS patients]. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam; 2006 Dec;36(4):190-6
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  • [Title] [Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of the digestive tract and anexal glands in AIDS patients].
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is the second most common neoplasm among patients with AIDS.
  • One of the major clinical characteristics of AIDS-associated NHL is the high frequency of extra-nodal involvement, including the gastrointestinal tract, at initial presentation.
  • METHODS: From January 1997 to December 2004, 8 cases of NHL of the digestive tract and anexal glands (liver and parotid gland) were observed at the HIV/AIDS division of the Infectious Diseases FJ Muñiz Hospital from Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • No patient was receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) at lymphoma diagnosis.
  • The global incidence of AIDS-associated lymphomas (central nervous system lymphomas, non-Hodgkin lymphomas and Hodgkin lymphoma) during the time of study was 2,9% (54 cases); 17 patients (32%) had diagnosis of systemic NHL; 10 (58,8%) of them were extranodal at the onset of clinical symptoms and 8 (80%) involvement the digestive tract and anexal glands (parotid gland, cavum, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, the right colon in 2 patients and the liver), as primary NHL of high grade and "B" phenotype.
  • Primary duodenal lymphoma was the only Burkitt lymphoma of this serie and we detected the Epstein-Barr virus genome in the biopsy smears of this tumor and in the hepatic lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: NHL of the gastrointestinal tract is a severe complication of advanced HIV/AIDS disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17225446.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9033
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Gastroenterol. Latinoam.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Argentina
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25. Vilchez RA, Lopez-Terrada D, Middleton JR, Finch CJ, Killen DE, Zanwar P, Jorgensen JL, Butel JS: Simian virus 40 tumor antigen expression and immunophenotypic profile of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Virology; 2005 Nov 10;342(1):38-46
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  • [Title] Simian virus 40 tumor antigen expression and immunophenotypic profile of AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Simian virus 40 (SV40) is associated with some systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) among HIV-positive patients, based on assays for viral DNA sequences.
  • To investigate the possible production of the viral transforming protein, we examined age-matched case-control specimens from patients with HIV/AIDS for the expression of SV40 large tumor antigen (T-ag).
  • Fifty-five systemic NHL and 25 nonmalignant lymphoid and malignant nonlymphoid tissue control cases from two HIV community programs in Texas and New Jersey were scored for IHC positivity without knowledge of the PCR results.
  • SV40 T-ag expression was detected only in B-cell lymphoma specimens that contained SV40 DNA sequences.
  • Not all lymphoma cells in a positive specimen stained for T-ag, and the reaction was lower intensity than observed in SV40 hamster tumors.
  • A germinal center B-cell-like (GCB) profile was more frequently expressed by SV40-positive tumors than in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related lymphomas (10/12, 83% vs. 6/13, 46%; P = 0.05), whereas a non-GCB phenotype was more frequent in EBV-positive than in SV40-positive lymphomas (7/13, 54% vs. 2/12, 17%; P = 0.05).
  • This study shows that SV40 gene expression occurs in a fraction of cells in some B-cell lymphomas among patients with HIV/AIDS.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / genetics. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Base Sequence. Case-Control Studies. DNA, Viral / genetics. DNA, Viral / isolation & purification. Female. Gene Expression. Genes, Viral. HIV-1. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Molecular Sequence Data. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / immunology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / virology. Simian virus 40 / genetics. Simian virus 40 / isolation & purification

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  • (PMID = 16122775.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-6822
  • [Journal-full-title] Virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI36211; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA104818
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming; 0 / DNA, Viral
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26. Kaaya EE, Castaños-Velez E, Ekman M, Mwakigonja A, Carneiro P, Lema L, Kitinya J, Linde A, Biberfeld P: AIDS and non AIDS-related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania. Afr Health Sci; 2006 Jun;6(2):69-75
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS and non AIDS-related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania.
  • BACKGROUND: Malignant lymphoma (ML) in HIV patients, are second in frequency to Kaposi's sarcoma (AKS) as AIDS-defining tumors.
  • In Africa the frequency of AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) is rare and the findings are controversial.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) lesions are now causally associated with KSHV/HHV-8 but whether African ARL shows this association is not clear.
  • Both retrospective and prospective lymphoma cases were classified according to the revised European-American (REAL) classification.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and type of AIDS and non-AIDS related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania and a possible co-association with KSHV/HHV-8 and EBV.
  • The tumors were classified as Burkitt's (6), diffuse large cell (10), precursor-B lymphoblastic (1) and Hodgkin's disease (5) from HIV positive and negative patients.
  • Ten (40%) high grade ML and three Hodgkin's lymphoma from HIV patients had HHV-8 DNA.
  • These findings were not related to age, sex or type of lymphoma.
  • There was no association of HHV-8 with the lymphoma cells.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests an overall increased frequency of ML patients infected with HHV-8 in Tanzania particularly in HIV patients which may result from the well established high HHV-8 prevalence in the general population, but HHV-8 was not associated with ARL pathogenesis as reflected by lack of tumor cell infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma / epidemiology. Lymphoma / pathology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Burkitt Lymphoma / epidemiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Developing Countries. Female. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Herpesvirus 8, Human / isolation & purification. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Hodgkin Disease / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization. Incidence. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / pathology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology. Survival Analysis. Tanzania / epidemiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 16916294.001).
  • [ISSN] 1729-0503
  • [Journal-full-title] African health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr Health Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Uganda
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1831982
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27. Cornejo-Juárez P, Volkow-Fernández P, Avilés-Salas A, Calderón-Flores E: AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico. Rev Invest Clin; 2008 Sep-Oct;60(5):375-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience at an oncological center in Mexico.
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) associated with HIV became an AIDS-defining condition early in the epidemic and remains the second most common malignancy in patients with AIDS.
  • With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the incidence and mortality of AIDS-related opportunistic infections and Kaposi's sarcoma has fallen dramatically, this trend is not observed so clearly for NHL.
  • Our objective was to review the clinical spectrum of patients with AIDS-associated NHL and to analyze the impact of HAART on survival at an oncological tertiary center.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We reviewed all medical records and histopathologic tissue of patients with HIV-associated NHL seen from January 1990 to September 2007 at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerologia in Mexico City.
  • RESULTS: Eighty seven HIV-positive patients were diagnosed with NHL (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma n=69; Burkitt-like n=8; pleomorphic large cell n=7; low-grade n=2, and angiocentric n=1).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients with NHL-HIV who were able to receive treatment with HAART and were sufficiently healthy to receive optimal chemotherapy treatment showed a significantly better prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cancer Care Facilities / statistics & numerical data. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19227434.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-8376
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de investigación clínica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Invest. Clin.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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28. Corti M, Fioti MF, Yampolsky C, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M: Central nervous system involvement in Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with Epstein-Barr virus in a patient with AIDS: case report and review of the literature. Braz J Infect Dis; 2006 Dec;10(6):403-5
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  • [Title] Central nervous system involvement in Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with Epstein-Barr virus in a patient with AIDS: case report and review of the literature.
  • Intracranial and intraspinal involvement is a rare complication of Hodgkin's disease.
  • We report a case of a patient with diagnosis of AIDS and Hodgkin's lymphoma who developed brain and spinal involvement at the time of the relapse of the neoplasm disease.
  • Mixed cellularity histology was the subtype of Hodgkin's disease in our patient; we identified the Epstein-Barr virus genome in the Reed-Sternberg cells by immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / complications. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications. Hodgkin Disease / complications

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  • (PMID = 17420914.001).
  • [ISSN] 1413-8670
  • [Journal-full-title] The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Number-of-references] 17
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29. Diamond C, Taylor TH, Im T, Miradi M, Wallace M, Anton-Culver H: Highly active antiretroviral therapy is associated with improved survival among patients with AIDS-related primary central nervous system non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Curr HIV Res; 2006 Jul;4(3):375-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Highly active antiretroviral therapy is associated with improved survival among patients with AIDS-related primary central nervous system non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • We sought to determine how the use of HAART influenced survival among patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and primary central nervous system (CNS) non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • We used the population-based San Diego and Orange County cancer registry to identify 94 patients with both AIDS and CNS NHL diagnosed 1994-1999, of whom 31 were diagnosed 1996-1999.
  • Median survival was eight months for those who received HAART at the time of lymphoma diagnosis or after, versus one month for untreated patients.
  • HAART, radiation therapy, and better performance status were associated with improved survival.
  • We conclude that HAART prolongs survival in AIDS-related CNS NHL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / mortality. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality

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  • (PMID = 16842088.001).
  • [ISSN] 1570-162X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current HIV research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. HIV Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07CA096480
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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30. Han YY, Dinse GE, Davis DL: Temporal and demographic patterns of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma incidence in Pennsylvania. Int J Occup Environ Health; 2010 Jan-Mar;16(1):75-84
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  • [Title] Temporal and demographic patterns of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma incidence in Pennsylvania.
  • Our study analyzed temporal and demographic patterns of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) incidence in Pennsylvania and compared Pennsylvania time trends with national trends.
  • Ecologic analysis identified demographic factors associated with age-adjusted county-specific NHL incidence.
  • Diffuse lymphoma appeared to be the major contributor to the increases.
  • [MeSH-major] African Americans / statistics & numerical data. Demography. European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20166322.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-3525
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of occupational and environmental health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Occup Environ Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / ZIA ES102265-03
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS202683; NLM/ PMC2895928
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31. Rezende RE, Mantelmacher M, Ferreira Sda C, Hyppólito EB, Machado AA, Ardengh JC, Módena JL: Clinical, endoscopic and prognostic aspects of primary gastric non-hodgkin's lymphoma associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Braz J Infect Dis; 2009 Feb;13(1):2-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical, endoscopic and prognostic aspects of primary gastric non-hodgkin's lymphoma associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  • Primary gastric non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is a co-morbidity that can be observed during the clinical course of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • We evaluated the prevalence, clinical-evolutive aspects and form of endoscopic presentation of primary gastric NHL associated with AIDS.
  • Two hundred and forty-three HIV patients were submitted to upper digestive endoscopy, with evaluation of clinical, endoscopic and histological data.
  • Five of the six patients died of complications related to gastric NHL.
  • We concluded that primary gastric NHL is an important cause of mortality associated with AIDS.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19578621.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4391
  • [Journal-full-title] The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / DNA, Viral
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32. Wolf T, Brodt HR, Fichtlscherer S, Mantzsch K, Hoelzer D, Helm EB, Mitrou PS, Chow KU: Changing incidence and prognostic factors of survival in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Feb;46(2):207-15
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  • [Title] Changing incidence and prognostic factors of survival in AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is an AIDS-defining disease.
  • We collected data of 214 cases of AIDS-related Lymphoma (ARL) treated at our centre from January 1984 until May 2003 and analysed them using the Kaplan-Meier-, log rank- and Cox proportional hazard-model.
  • The incidence of AIDS-related primary CNS lymphomas (PCNSL) took a comparable, yet more pronounced development.
  • Using the univariate Kaplan-Meier analysis prolonged survival was significantly associated with the achievement of a complete remission as well as with a favourable virological response to HAART.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 15621803.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents
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33. Corti M, Villafañe MF, Trione N, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M: Primary pulmonary AIDS-related lymphoma. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo; 2005 Jul-Aug;47(4):231-4
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  • [Title] Primary pulmonary AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • Extranodal involvement is common in lymphomas associated with human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • However, primary pulmonary AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is very rare and only few reports were published in the medical literature.
  • Primary pulmonary lymphoma associated with AIDS is generally a high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Epstein-Barr virus is strongly associated with the pathogenesis of these tumors.
  • We report a patient with AIDS and primary pulmonary lymphoma which clinical presentation was a total atelectasis of the left lung.
  • [MeSH-major] Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Pulmonary Atelectasis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16138208.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-4665
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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34. Bhurgri Y, Pervez S, Bhurgri A, Faridi N, Usman A, Kazi LA, Ahmed R, Kayani N, Hasan SH: Increasing incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Karachi, 1995-2002. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2005 Jul-Sep;6(3):364-9
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  • [Title] Increasing incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Karachi, 1995-2002.
  • This first population-based study of non- Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) from any region in Pakistan, provides an overview of the incidence pattern and time trends in Karachi and generates hypotheses for future experimental research.
  • The incidence rates of NHL registered in Karachi South are likely to be a reflection of non-AIDS-associated NHL.
  • Estimated HIV/AIDS incidence was too low during the study period in this population to have an impact on NHL incidence.
  • As yet unpublished reports, however, are raising the alarm on rising HIV positivity.
  • NHL correlation with HIV/AIDS status and studies identifying risk factors of non- HIV/AIDS associated NHL (childhood viral infections, Hepatitis C virus, and Helicobacter pylori) are potential areas for future experimental and epidemiological research.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Registries / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 16236001.001).
  • [ISSN] 1513-7368
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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35. Mazhar D, Stebbing J, Bower M: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and the CNS: prophylaxis and therapy in immunocompetent and HIV-positive individuals. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther; 2006 Mar;6(3):335-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and the CNS: prophylaxis and therapy in immunocompetent and HIV-positive individuals.
  • The involvement of the CNS in individuals with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is a well-recognised complication.
  • There are few studies that have addressed the management of CNS disease in AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and treatment algorithms have been formulated secondary to protocols in immunocompetent individuals.
  • The prevention and treatment of CNS disease is an important aspect of lymphoma management, and new medications, such as a sustained-release formulation of intrathecal cytarabine, will have an increasingly relevant role.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / drug therapy. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / prevention & control. Cytarabine / therapeutic use. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16503851.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8328
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of anticancer therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Anticancer Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 59
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36. Ruff KR, Puetter A, Levy LS: Growth regulation of simian and human AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cell lines by TGF-beta1 and IL-6. BMC Cancer; 2007 Feb 26;7:35
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  • [Title] Growth regulation of simian and human AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cell lines by TGF-beta1 and IL-6.
  • BACKGROUND: AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (AIDS-NHL) is the second most frequent cancer associated with AIDS, and is a frequent cause of death in HIV-infected individuals.
  • Experimental analysis of AIDS-NHL has been facilitated by the availability of an excellent animal model, i.e., simian Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (SAIDS) in the rhesus macaque consequent to infection with simian immunodeficiency virus.
  • A recent study of SAIDS-NHL demonstrated a lymphoma-derived cell line to be sensitive to the growth inhibitory effects of the ubiquitous cytokine, transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta).
  • The authors concluded that TGF-beta acts as a negative growth regulator of the lymphoma-derived cell line and, potentially, as an inhibitory factor in the regulatory network of AIDS-related lymphomagenesis.
  • The present study was conducted to assess whether other SAIDS-NHL and AIDS-NHL cell lines are similarly sensitive to the growth inhibitory effects of TGF-beta, and to test the hypothesis that interleukin-6 (IL-6) may represent a counteracting positive influence in their growth regulation.
  • Intracellular flow cytometry was used to analyze the activation of signaling pathways and to examine the expression of anti-apoptotic proteins and distinguishing hallmarks of AIDS-NHL subclass.
  • By comparison, human AIDS-NHL cell lines differed in their responsiveness to TGF-beta1 and IL-6.
  • Analysis of a recently derived AIDS-NHL cell line, UMCL01-101, indicated that it represents immunoblastic AIDS-DLCBL.
  • CONCLUSION: These studies indicate that the sensitivity of immunoblastic AIDS- or SAIDS-DLBCL to TGF-beta1-mediated growth inhibition may be overcome through the stimulation of proliferative and anti-apoptotic signals by IL-6, particularly through the rapid activation of STAT3.

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  • (PMID = 17324269.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA074731; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA74731
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta1
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1810304
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37. Boué F, Gabarre J, Gisselbrecht C, Reynes J, Cheret A, Bonnet F, Billaud E, Raphael M, Lancar R, Costagliola D: Phase II trial of CHOP plus rituximab in patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Clin Oncol; 2006 Sep 1;24(25):4123-8
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  • [Title] Phase II trial of CHOP plus rituximab in patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of rituximab adjunction to the cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) regimen in patients with newly diagnosed AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: HIV-seropositive patients with high-grade lymphoma of B-cell origin were eligible if they had no more than one of the following characteristics: CD4 cell count less than 100/microL, prior AIDS, or performance status less than 2.
  • This multicenter phase II trial evaluated the response rate and disease-free survival after six courses of rituximab plus CHOP.
  • Characteristics of patients were median age, 41 years; median CD4 cells, 172/microL; histology, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n = 42), immunoblastic (n = 2), Burkitt lymphoma (n = 16), and plasmablastic (n = 1); 42 patients with stage III to IV; International Prognostic Index 0 to 1 (n=31), and 2 to 3 (n = 27).
  • Eighteen patients died: 16 as a result of lymphoma, one as a result of infection, and one as a result of encephalitis.
  • CONCLUSION: Rituximab adjunction to CHOP produced a CR rate of 77% and a 2-year survival rate of 75% in patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, without increasing the risk of life-threatening infections.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2007 Feb 20;25(6):e6 [17308260.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2007 Feb 20;25(6):e7 [17308261.001]
  • (PMID = 16896005.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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38. Navarro CM, Shibli JA, Ferrari RB, d'Avila S, Sposto MR: Gingival primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as the first manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. J Periodontol; 2008 Mar;79(3):562-6
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  • [Title] Gingival primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma as the first manifestation of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  • BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) are a heterogeneous group of lymphoproliferative malignancies that may be associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • This report presents and discusses two unusual cases of gingival primary extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (PE-NHL) as the first manifestation of AIDS.
  • The patients were tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.
  • RESULTS: The clinicopathological evaluation and the serological HIV examination of the patients led us to the final diagnosis of gingival PE-NHL as the first manifestation of AIDS.
  • Both patients were referred to an oncologist and to an infectious disease specialist and were given antineoplastic chemotherapy and highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / diagnosis. Gingival Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18315441.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3492
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of periodontology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Periodontol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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39. Foschi D, Rizzi A, Corsi F, Trabucchi E, Corbellino M: Chylous ascites secondary to B-cell non Hodgkin's lymphoma in a patient with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Dig Liver Dis; 2008 Jun;40(6):481-2
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  • [Title] Chylous ascites secondary to B-cell non Hodgkin's lymphoma in a patient with the acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • In the present article we describe a patient with AIDS and chylous ascites secondary to B-cell non Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • A 43 years old homosexual HIV-positive man.
  • All blood tests and analysis of the peritoneal fluid with polymerase chain reaction for DNA sequence of broad-range bacterial Post Voiding Residual volume, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Kaposi Sarcoma associated Herpes virus and Epstein Barr Virus were negative.
  • The final pathology report was of diffuse, CD20-positive, CD3-negative, Epstein Barr Virus-negative, large B-Cell non Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Five months after the initial diagnosis of lymphoma, the patient relapsed and was treated with high-dose BEAM (carmustine, etoposide, cytosine, arabinoside, melphalan) chemotherapy followed by CD34 stem-cell transplantations salvage therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Chylous Ascites / etiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications. Lymphoma, B-Cell / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. HIV-1. Humans. Male. Paracentesis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17997372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-3562
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive and liver disease : official journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Liver Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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40. Lanjewar DN, Dongaonkar DD: HIV-associated primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of ovary: a case report. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Sep;102(3):590-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HIV-associated primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of ovary: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Although there have been few case series of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) of ovary, no patient with AIDS-related primary ovarian lymphoma has been described in the literature.
  • CASE: We report a case of human immunodeficiency virus infected female with primary ovarian NHL for which she could not receive standard NHL combination chemotherapy and standard HIV highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and succumbed to death within 7 months after diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Primary ovarian lymphoma is rare as compared with other ovarian tumors and has similar presentation to other common ovarian malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 16697449.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Bower M, Fisher M, Hill T, Reeves I, Walsh J, Orkin C, Phillips AN, Bansi L, Gilson R, Easterbrook P, Johnson M, Gazzard B, Leen C, Pillay D, Schwenk A, Anderson J, Porter K, Gompels M, Sabin CA, UK CHIC Steering Committee: CD4 counts and the risk of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in individuals with HIV in the UK. Haematologica; 2009 Jun;94(6):875-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] CD4 counts and the risk of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in individuals with HIV in the UK.
  • Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy, there has been a decline in the incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among HIV-infected individuals.
  • We described trends in the incidence of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the UK CHIC Study from 1996-2006 and evaluated the association between immunosuppression and development of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: 286/23,155 (1.2%) individuals developed an AIDS-defining lymphoma (258 systemic).
  • Younger age, receipt of highly active antiretroviral therapy and later calendar year were all independently associated with a reduced risk of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • A lower latest CD4 count was strongly associated with systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, in patients who had (RR per log(2)(cells/mm(3)) higher: 0.62) and had not (0.70) received highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Earlier highly active anti-retroviral therapy initiation and wider access to HIV testing is advocated to reduce the risk of systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

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  • (PMID = 19336735.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Department of Health / / G0600337; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0000199; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / MC/ U122886351; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0200585; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0600337
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2688582
  • [Investigator] Bower M; Fisher M; Hill T; Reeves I; Walsh J; Orkin C; Phillips AN; Bansi L; Gilson R; Easterbrook P; Johnson M; Gazzard B; Leen C; Pillay D; Schwenk A; Anderson J; Porter K; Gompels M; Sabin CA
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42. Cingolani A, Torti L, Pinnetti C, de Gaetano Donati K, Murri R, Tacconelli E, Larocca LM, Teofili L: Detrimental clinical interaction between ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors and vinblastine in HIV-infected patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma. AIDS; 2010 Sep 24;24(15):2408-12
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  • [Title] Detrimental clinical interaction between ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitors and vinblastine in HIV-infected patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • In order to analyze the clinical relevance of the pharmacokinetic interactions between vinblastine and antiretrovirals described in literature, we evaluated all HIV-infected patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma treated with vinblastine-containing regimens and combination antiretroviral therapy, in a single clinical center.
  • The use of protease inhibitors was independently associated with WHO grade III-IV neutropenia.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / drug therapy. HIV Protease Inhibitors / administration & dosage. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Ritonavir / administration & dosage. Vinblastine / administration & dosage. Vinblastine / pharmacokinetics


43. Diamond C, Taylor TH, Im T, Wallace M, Saven A, Anton-Culver H: How valid is using cancer registries' data to identify acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma? Cancer Causes Control; 2007 Mar;18(2):135-42
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  • [Title] How valid is using cancer registries' data to identify acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma?
  • OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the accuracy of cancer registry data regarding the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) status of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • METHODS: We used the population-based San Diego/Orange County cancer registry to identify 392 patients with HIV-related NHL diagnosed 1994-1999.
  • After matching for age, sex, race, period of NHL diagnosis, and hospital type, we were able to find 324 corresponding patients among the remaining 4,863 NHL patients diagnosed 1994-1999 (who did not have HIV infection according to cancer registry records).
  • We sought to review these patients' charts at 41 hospitals with 15 separate institutional review boards to determine if the HIV serostatus from the cancer registry was correct.
  • We performed a forward conditional multivariate logistic regression to determine characteristics associated with a false positive HIV status.
  • Compared to correctly identified patients, false positives were more likely to be > or =50 years old, female, and treated with chemotherapy and less likely to be single with high grade or extranodal disease.
  • CONCLUSION: Using cancer registry data to identify AIDS-related NHL is a valid research practice.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Medical Records / standards. Population Surveillance / methods. Registries / standards. SEER Program / standards

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  • (PMID = 17235495.001).
  • [ISSN] 0957-5243
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer causes & control : CCC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Causes Control
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07 CA96480
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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44. Waters L, Stebbing J, Mandalia S, Young AM, Nelson M, Gazzard B, Bower M: Hepatitis C infection is not associated with systemic HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a cohort study. Int J Cancer; 2005 Aug 10;116(1):161-3
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  • [Title] Hepatitis C infection is not associated with systemic HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a cohort study.
  • Immunosuppression induced by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) increases the risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • As the hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been implicated in the development of B cell lymphomas, we compared the incidence of systemic NHL during HIV infection compared to HIV and HCV co-infection.
  • The incidence of systemic NHL was 6.9 of 10(4) patient years during HIV infection compared to 7.1 of 10(4) patient years during HIV alone (p = 0.9).
  • In this immunocompromised patient population, there was no association between HCV infection and an increased risk of lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Hepatitis C / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / complications

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15756687.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Hernàndez DE, Hernàndez AE: Human immunodeficiency virus-associated diffuse non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Venezuelan patients: treatment with full-dose cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone without routine use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor. Eur J Cancer Care (Engl); 2006 Dec;15(5):493-6
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  • [Title] Human immunodeficiency virus-associated diffuse non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in Venezuelan patients: treatment with full-dose cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone without routine use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor.
  • The routine use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for 10 days during full-dose cyclophosphamide-doxorubicin-vincristine-prednisone (CHOP) chemotherapy in HIV-associated diffuse non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients is very expensive in developing countries.
  • We treated 22 HIV-associated diffuse NHL patients with standard-dose CHOP and used G-CSF after an episode of febrile neutropenia until neutrophil count reached 1000/mm3.
  • The clinical response was: complete response (36%), partial response (32%), stable disease (14%) and progression (18%).
  • There were no toxicity-related deaths.
  • Our experience showed that we can treat HIV-related NHL patients with full-dose CHOP, achieve good responses and have an acceptable toxicity profile, with the use of G-CSF as needed.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17177909.001).
  • [ISSN] 0961-5423
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer care
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Cancer Care (Engl)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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46. Spina M, Tirelli U: Rituximab for HIV-associated lymphoma: weighing the benefits and risks. Curr Opin Oncol; 2005 Sep;17(5):462-5
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  • [Title] Rituximab for HIV-associated lymphoma: weighing the benefits and risks.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses the potential benefits and risks of using the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab for the treatment of HIV-associated B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Studies have consistently demonstrated that rituximab improves response and survival when combined with standard chemotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone in immunocompetent patients with intermediate-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Several recently reported phase II and III trials have evaluated the use of rituximab plus chemotherapy for HIV-associated B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Phase II trials combining rituximab with either standard cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) chemotherapy or infusional chemotherapy have reported encouraging results, suggesting a similar benefit in HIV-positive individuals.
  • A phase III trial comparing CHOP with CHOP-plus rituximab (R-CHOP) demonstrated a lower risk from progression of the lymphoma, but a higher risk of early and late infectious-related death in patients with a low CD4 count (< 50/microL).
  • SUMMARY: Rituximab should be used cautiously in patients with advanced HIV infection who have a CD4 count of less than 50/microL, as it seems to increase the risk of developing fatal infectious complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16093796.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8746
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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47. Diamond C, Taylor TH, Im T, Miradi M, Anton-Culver H: Improved survival and chemotherapy response among patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. Hematol Oncol; 2006 Sep;24(3):139-45
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  • [Title] Improved survival and chemotherapy response among patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Using the population-based cancer registry, we identified 233 patients with AIDS-related systemic NHL diagnosed in San Diego or Orange County in 1994-1999, of whom 137 were diagnosed 1996-1999.
  • HAART, chemotherapy, high performance status, and NHL stage < IV were associated with improved survival.
  • Concomitant HAART, completion of > or = 6 chemotherapy cycles, and NHL stage < IV were associated with complete response to chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 16604565.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07CA096480
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. Kestler MH, Gardner EM, Cohn DL: Hepatic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with lactic acidosis in HIV-infected patients: report of 2 cases. J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic); 2010 Sep-Oct;9(5):301-5
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  • [Title] Hepatic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with lactic acidosis in HIV-infected patients: report of 2 cases.
  • We report 2 patients with HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with massive hepatic involvement and lactic acidosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Acidosis, Lactic / etiology. Liver Neoplasms / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications

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  • (PMID = 20739590.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-1097
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (Chicago, Ill. : 2002)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Int Assoc Physicians AIDS Care (Chic)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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49. Sharma A, Bajpai J, Raina V, Mohanti BK: HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: experience from a regional cancer center. Indian J Cancer; 2010 Jan-Mar;47(1):35-9
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  • [Title] HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: experience from a regional cancer center.
  • AIMS: To analyze clinical features and survival in HIV-associated non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) cases registered at Dr BRA Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital of AIIMS, New Delhi.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have retrospectively reviewed records of NHL patients registered, from January 2003 to July 2007 to analyze HIV-associated NHL.
  • RESULTS: Seven cases of HIV-associated NHL cases were identified.
  • Three cases had nodal lymphoma and four had extra nodal lymphoma.
  • No primary CNS (PCNSL) lymphoma was seen.
  • HIV infection was diagnosed as part of NHL work-up in five patients.
  • RESPONSE: One patient achieved complete response (CR) and continues to be disease free, with 4.5 years of follow-up.
  • Three cases achieved partial response (PR) and 2 had progressive disease (PD).
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. HIV Infections / mortality. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / mortality. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology


50. Corti M, Villafañe MF, Souto L, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M, Soler Mde D: Burkitt's lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop; 2007 May-Jun;40(3):338-40
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  • [Title] Burkitt's lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell type is the second most common neoplasm after Kaposi's sarcoma, among patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  • Most non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cases that are associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome involve extranodal sites, especially the digestive tract and the central nervous system.
  • We report a case of primary lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS.
  • A complete diagnostic study including histological, immunohistochemical and virological analyses showed high-grade B-cell Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / diagnosis. Duodenal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17653472.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-8682
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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51. Okada S: [Recent advances in the treatment of AIDS-related malignant lymphoma]. Nihon Rinsho; 2010 Mar;68(3):491-6
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  • [Title] [Recent advances in the treatment of AIDS-related malignant lymphoma].
  • The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has been associated with a reduced risk of primary cerebral and systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and improved prognosis for those who develop HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • However, the number of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients has increased with the increase of HIV-1 infected patients in Japan.
  • Although the evidence currently supports an intensive and curative approach for the management of HIV-associated lymphoma, we must be vigilant about adverse effects and interaction of chemotherapeutic drugs, implementing infection prophylaxis and promptly recognizing, diagnosing, and treating bacterial, parasitic, fungal, and viral infections that may occur as a consequence of therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 20229796.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-1852
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Rinsho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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52. Chanan-Khan A, Holkova B, Goldenberg AS, Pavlick A, Demopoulos R, Takeshita K: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presenting as a breast mass in patients with HIV infection: a report of three cases. Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Aug;46(8):1189-93
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  • [Title] Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma presenting as a breast mass in patients with HIV infection: a report of three cases.
  • Breast involvement with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) is rare.
  • Patients with AIDS have an increased incidence of NHL, often with high-grade histology, extranodal presentation and aggressive clinical course.
  • Lymphoma of the breast in patients with HIV-1 infection has not been reported.
  • We reviewed our tumor registry database of all AIDS-associated NHL and report on the clinical presentation and long-term outcome of 3 patients with AIDS who presented with lymphomatous involvement of the breast.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / complications. Breast Neoplasms, Male / complications. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD / biosynthesis. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction / methods. Treatment Outcome


53. Ho SF, Fink C, Murray PI: Epstein-Barr Virus DNA quantification: an adjunctive diagnostic marker for AIDS-associated lymphoma. Ocul Immunol Inflamm; 2005 Dec;13(6):471-3
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  • [Title] Epstein-Barr Virus DNA quantification: an adjunctive diagnostic marker for AIDS-associated lymphoma.
  • We report an HIV-positive patient who developed a unilateral retinitis and subsequent intracranial lesions.
  • The finding of Epstein Barr virus (EBV) DNA at a > 1-log greater concentration in the vitreous compared to blood raised the possibility of a primary CNS non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which was subsequently confirmed on brain biopsy.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA, Viral / genetics. Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16321894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0927-3948
  • [Journal-full-title] Ocular immunology and inflammation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ocul. Immunol. Inflamm.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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54. Georgountzos V, Ioannidou-Mouzaka L, Soldatos T, Apessou D, Karatasiou A, Tsouroulas M, Kontogeorgos G: Secondary involvement of breast with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a patient with HIV infection -- case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2008;29(2):196-7
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  • [Title] Secondary involvement of breast with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in a patient with HIV infection -- case report.
  • Secondary lymphoma of the breast is a rare entity in patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
  • HIV infection is associated with an increased risk for developing NHL, however lymphomatous involvement of the breast in AIDS patients has rarely been reported.
  • We present the case of a 33-year-old HIV-infected female patient with diffuse NHL who presented with a unilateral breast mass.
  • Histologic examination of the biopsy specimen revealed a highly-malignant diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / secondary. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18459566.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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55. Sparano JA: HIV-associated lymphoma: the evidence for treating aggressively but with caution. Curr Opin Oncol; 2007 Sep;19(5):458-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HIV-associated lymphoma: the evidence for treating aggressively but with caution.
  • PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: The aim of this article is to review key reports regarding the biology and management of HIV-associated lymphoma during the past year.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has been associated with a reduced risk of primary cerebral and systemic non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, a stable or slightly increased risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma, and improved prognosis for those who develop HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Emerging evidence suggests that patients with HIV-associated lymphoma should be treated in a similar manner as immunocompetent patients with the same disease, especially if the CD4 count is 50-100 cells/mul or higher.
  • Use of the anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody rituximab in combination with chemotherapy appears to result in improved control of B-cell lymphoma, but may come at the expense of an increased risk of bacterial and viral infections.
  • SUMMARY: Although the evidence currently supports an aggressive and curative approach for the management of HIV-associated lymphoma, clinicians must be vigilant about implementing infection prophylaxis and promptly recognizing, diagnosing, and treating bacterial, parasitic, fungal, and viral infections that may occur as a consequence of therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy


56. Sawka CA, Shepherd FA, Franssen E, Brandwein J, Dotten DA, Routy JP, Walker IR, St-Louis J, Taylor M, Arts K, Crump M, Foote M: A prospective, non-randomised phase 1-2 trial of VACOP-B with filgrastim support for HIV-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Biotechnol Annu Rev; 2005;11:381-9
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  • [Title] A prospective, non-randomised phase 1-2 trial of VACOP-B with filgrastim support for HIV-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) remains an important complication of associated HIV infection despite advances in antiretroviral therapy (ART), and the optimum chemotherapy regimen for this disease remains to be defined.
  • Patients with aggressive histology HIV-related NHL who were previously untreated with chemotherapy, and who had no active opportunistic infection were eligible for the study.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. BLEOMYCIN .
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  • (PMID = 16216784.001).
  • [ISSN] 1387-2656
  • [Journal-full-title] Biotechnology annual review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biotechnol Annu Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; PVI5M0M1GW / Filgrastim; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; VACOP-B protocol
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57. Boulanger E, Gérard L, Gabarre J, Molina JM, Rapp C, Abino JF, Cadranel J, Chevret S, Oksenhendler E: Prognostic factors and outcome of human herpesvirus 8-associated primary effusion lymphoma in patients with AIDS. J Clin Oncol; 2005 Jul 1;23(19):4372-80
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  • [Title] Prognostic factors and outcome of human herpesvirus 8-associated primary effusion lymphoma in patients with AIDS.
  • PURPOSE: Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a rare high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV-8) infection, and is mostly observed in the course of HIV infection.
  • To date, no prognostic factor has been identified in this subset of lymphoma.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We describe here a large series of HIV-infected patients with PEL, including 28 cases diagnosed in six centers during an 11-year time period.
  • Fourteen patients (50%) achieved complete remission, with a 1-year disease-free survival rate at 78.6%.
  • CONCLUSION: Based on a retrospective series of 28 patients, two prognostic factors were identified as being independently associated with impaired clinical outcome in HIV-related PEL--(1) a poor performance status and (2) the absence of HAART before PEL diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Herpesvirus 8, Human. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality


58. Khosravi Shahi P, Sabín Domínguez P, Pérez Manga G: [Primary effusion lymphoma]. An Med Interna; 2006 Sep;23(9):438-40
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  • [Title] [Primary effusion lymphoma].
  • Primary effusion lymphoma is a rare high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) infection, and is mostly observed in the course of HIV infection (AIDS).
  • Biopsy of peritoneum showed a primary effusion lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Ascitic Fluid / pathology. Lymphoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17096608.001).
  • [ISSN] 0212-7199
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales de medicina interna (Madrid, Spain : 1984)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Med Interna
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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59. Bolarinwa RA, Ndakotsu MA, Oyekunle AA, Salawu L, Akinola NO, Durosinmi MA: AIDS-related lymphomas in Nigeria. Braz J Infect Dis; 2009 Oct;13(5):359-61
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  • [Title] AIDS-related lymphomas in Nigeria.
  • Aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), including primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma and non-endemic Burkitt's lymphoma have been recognized as AIDS-defining cancers in most developed countries.
  • However, HIV/AIDS epidemics appear not to have been associated with higher incidence of lymphomas in Africa.
  • We therefore carried out this study to highlight the significance or otherwise of HIV/AIDS epidemics in the pathogenesis of lymphomas in a population of Nigerians with the disease.
  • Since January 1993 to the present, all patients with haematologic cancers are routinely screened (following appropriate counseling) for HIV infection.
  • Patients with a histological diagnosis of malignant chronic lymphoproliferative diseases {non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL)} at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals' Complex, Ile-Ife from January 1993 to August 2008 were noted.
  • Those patients confirmed to be HIV/AIDS positive among the cohort with lymphomas were retrospectively studied using their clinical case notes.
  • A total of 391 patients were histologically confirmed to have lymphoma {NHL-109, (27.9%); CLL-76, (19.4%); BL-178, (45.5%) and HL-28, (7.2%)} during the study period.
  • Nine patients (2.3%) were confirmed to be HIV- positive, all within the age bracket 24-60 (median = 50) years.
  • None of the patients with HL and BL were HIV positive.
  • Patients with NHL presented at advanced stage of the disease (at least clinical stage IIIb), and all those with CLL presented at stage C of the International Working Party Classification.
  • All the HIV-positive patients with NHL succumbed to the disease within one to three weeks of admission into the hospital.
  • The prevalence of AIDS-related lymphomas is 2.3% compared to 4.4% found in the general population.
  • However, it is interesting that no single case of AIDS-associated BL was seen, despite the fact that Burkitt's lymphoma is endemic in this part of the world.
  • All the patients presented at a very advanced stage of the disease with significantly shortened survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20428636.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4391
  • [Journal-full-title] The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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60. Noy A: Update on HIV lymphoma. Curr Oncol Rep; 2007 Sep;9(5):384-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Update on HIV lymphoma.
  • In industrialized nations people infected with HIV remain at increased risk for malignancies despite highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • In these countries, lymphoma is the most common HIV-associated malignancy.
  • The majority of investigation has been in diffuse large B cell lymphoma, with infusional therapy remaining promising but cumbersome.
  • Rituximab likely improves complete response rates, and, possibly overall survival, but is likely associated with increased infections in a subset of patients with very low CD4 counts.
  • Biologic insights have been attained in the spectrum of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, Hodgkin's lymphoma, and virologic coinfections.
  • Overall, the outcome for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma in the setting of HIV continues to improve as insights into the pathophysiology and treatment advance.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related

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  • (PMID = 17706167.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-3790
  • [Journal-full-title] Current oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Oncol Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 52
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61. Landgren O, Goedert JJ, Rabkin CS, Wilson WH, Dunleavy K, Kyle RA, Katzmann JA, Rajkumar SV, Engels EA: Circulating serum free light chains as predictive markers of AIDS-related lymphoma. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Feb 10;28(5):773-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Circulating serum free light chains as predictive markers of AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE HIV-infected persons have an elevated risk of developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL); this risk remains increased in the era of effective HIV therapy.
  • We evaluated serum immunoglobulin (Ig) proteins as predictors of NHL risk among HIV-infected individuals.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS By using three cohorts of HIV-infected persons (from 1982 to 2005), we identified 66 individuals who developed NHL and 225 matched (by cohort, sex, ethnicity, age, and CD4 count), HIV-infected, lymphoma-free controls who had available stored prediagnostic blood samples.
  • M proteins were detected in only two patients with NHL (3%) and in nine controls (4%), and they were not significantly associated with NHL risk.
  • CONCLUSION Elevated FLCs may represent sensitive markers of polyclonal B-cell activation and dysfunction and could be useful for identifying HIV-infected persons at increased NHL risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains / blood. Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains / blood. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20048176.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 CP010150-08; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA062242; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 107476; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA107476; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 62242
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Immunoglobulin kappa-Chains; 0 / Immunoglobulin lambda-Chains
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2834393
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62. Nørgaard M, Poulsen AH, Pedersen L, Gregersen H, Friis S, Ewertz M, Johnsen HE, Sørensen HT: Use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a Danish population-based cohort study. Br J Cancer; 2006 May 8;94(9):1339-41
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  • [Title] Use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy and risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: a Danish population-based cohort study.
  • Use of postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) has been hypothesised to be associated with a reduced risk of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), but the epidemiologic evidence is conflicting.
  • [MeSH-major] Hormone Replacement Therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16670705.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2361418
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63. Noy A: Update in HIV lymphoma. Curr Opin Oncol; 2006 Sep;18(5):449-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Update in HIV lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the control of HIV infection in industrialized nations, individuals infected with HIV remain at increased risk of malignancies.
  • Lymphoma is the most common HIV-associated malignancy in these countries.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Investigators continue to demonstrate that HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma remains a significant problem, even in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • The majority of work has been in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, with infusional therapy remaining promising, and rituximab an area of investigation.
  • The latter improves complete response rates, but is associated with an increased incidence of infections.
  • Biological insights have been gained into the spectrum of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease, and include further work on virological co-infections.
  • SUMMARY: The outcome for individuals infected with HIV and developing non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease continues to improve as insights into the pathophysiology and treatment advance.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Retroviral Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16894292.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8746
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 45
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64. Carbone A, Gloghini A: AIDS-related lymphomas: from pathogenesis to pathology. Br J Haematol; 2005 Sep;130(5):662-70
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related lymphomas: from pathogenesis to pathology.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated lymphomas include:.
  • (1) lymphomas also occurring, although sporadically, in the absence of HIV infection.
  • The vast majority of these lymphomas are high-grade B-cell lymphomas: Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with centroblastic (CB) features and DLBCL with immunoblastic (IBL) features;.
  • (2) unusual lymphomas occurring more specifically in HIV-positive patients and include two rare entities, namely 'primary effusion lymphoma' (PEL) and 'plasmablastic lymphoma' of the oral cavity.
  • The pathological heterogeneity of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (AIDS-NHL) reflects the heterogeneity of their associated molecular lesions.
  • In AIDS-BL, the molecular lesions involve activation of cMYC, inactivation of P53, and infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV).
  • AIDS-IBL infected with EBV are characterised by frequent expression of latent membrane protein 1--an EBV oncoprotein.
  • The biological heterogeneity of AIDS-NHL is highlighted by their histogenetic differences.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV8)-associated lymphomas, which often develop in persons with advanced AIDS, present predominantly as PEL.
  • The KSHV/HHV8-associated solid lymphomas are (1) unusual lymphomas that occur more specifically in HIV-positive patients;.
  • (2) extracavitary and arise in nodal and/or extranodal sites; and (3) histologically, they usually display a PEL-like morphology and plasma cell-related phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV-1. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin. Sarcoma, Kaposi


65. Silverberg MJ, Abrams DI: Do antiretrovirals reduce the risk of non-AIDS-defining malignancies? Curr Opin HIV AIDS; 2009 Jan;4(1):42-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Do antiretrovirals reduce the risk of non-AIDS-defining malignancies?
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is an increasing burden of non-AIDS-defining malignancies (NADMs) in the antiretroviral therapy (ART) era.
  • NADMs associated with immunosuppression included Hodgkin's lymphoma, oral/pharynx, lung, anal, and colorectal cancers.
  • Despite the potential protective effect of ART on some NADMs, recent studies evaluating calendar era trends have noted an increased risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma and anal cancer and no change in risk for lung cancer in the ART era.
  • SUMMARY: Successful ART use and improvements in immune function for HIV-infected persons may reduce the risk of certain NADMs.
  • However, a continued high risk in the ART era for certain cancers have been observed, including Hodgkin's lymphoma and anal cancers.
  • Future studies should monitor trends in NADMs in HIV-infected persons in the ART era, as well as changes in the prevalence of risk factors, coinfections, and screening practices in this population.

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  • (PMID = 19339938.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-6318
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in HIV and AIDS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin HIV AIDS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI068641; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K01 AI071725; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI068641; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U01 AI068641-03; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K01AI071725; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / UM1 AI068641; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI071725-02; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI068641-03; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K01 AI071725-02
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents; 0 / Biomarkers
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS94539; NLM/ PMC2698664
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66. Benicchi T, Ghidini C, Re A, Cattaneo C, Casari S, Caimi L, Rossi G, Imberti L: T-cell immune reconstitution after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for HIV-associated lymphoma. Transplantation; 2005 Sep 15;80(5):673-82
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  • [Title] T-cell immune reconstitution after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for HIV-associated lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: One of the major concern for high-dose chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for HIV-associated lymphoma is that posttransplant immunosuppression might worsen immune defects of HIV individuals.
  • Since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy has made HSCT possible also in these patients, we analyzed whether the immune system already compromised by HIV infection might support an efficient T-cell recovery after HSCT.
  • METHODS: The kinetics and the extent of T-cell reconstitution were investigated before and after HSCT in four patients with HIV-related lymphoma (one with Hodgkin's Disease and three with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma) by measuring the thymic output, the level of IL-7 and the heterogeneity of T-cell repertoire.
  • CONCLUSIONS: High-dose therapy and HSCT in HIV patients under highly active antiretroviral therapy does not worsen the immune defects.
  • [MeSH-major] CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy

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  • [CommentIn] Transplantation. 2006 Jun 27;81(12):1752-3 [16794547.001]
  • (PMID = 16177644.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1337
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transplantation
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta
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67. Collaboration of Observational HIV Epidemiological Research Europe (COHERE) Study Group, Bohlius J, Schmidlin K, Costagliola D, Fätkenheuer G, May M, Caro-Murillo AM, Mocroft A, Bonnet F, Clifford G, Karafoulidou A, Miro JM, Lundgren J, Chene G, Egger M: Incidence and risk factors of HIV-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy: a European multicohort study. Antivir Ther; 2009;14(8):1065-74
HAL archives ouvertes. Full text from .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidence and risk factors of HIV-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy: a European multicohort study.
  • BACKGROUND: Incidence and risk factors of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) are not well defined in the era of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).
  • METHODS: A total of 56,305 adult HIV type-1 (HIV-1)-infected patients who started cART in 1 of 22 prospective studies in Europe were included.
  • RESULTS: During the 212,042 person-years of follow-up, 521 patients were diagnosed with systemic NHL and 62 with primary brain lymphoma (PBL).
  • Suppression of HIV-1 replication on cART (HR 0.60, 95% CI 0.44-0.81, comparing < or =500 with 10,000-99,999 copies/ml) and increases in CD4(+) T-cell counts (HR 0.30, 0.22-0.42, comparing > or =350 with 100-199 cells/microl) were protective; a history of Kaposi's sarcoma (HR 1.70, 1.08-2.68, compared to no history of AIDS), transmission through sex between men (HR 1.57, 1.19-2.08, compared with heterosexual transmission) and older age (HR 3.71, 2.37-5.80, comparing > or =50 with 16-29 years) were risk factors for systemic NHL.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms / epidemiology. HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cohort Studies. Drug Therapy, Combination. Europe. Female. HIV-1. Humans. Incidence. Male. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 20032536.001).
  • [ISSN] 2040-2058
  • [Journal-full-title] Antiviral therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Antivir. Ther. (Lond.)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0700820
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ HALMS394577; NLM/ PMC2821596
  • [Investigator] Antinori A; Bonnet F; Boué F; Brockmeyer N; Casabona J; Costagliola D; Dronda F; Obel N; Fätkenheuer G; Fisher M; Franceschi S; Gibb D; Le Moing V; Mocroft A; Nadal D; Touloumi G; Prins M; Raffi F; Roca B; Verbon A; Wolf T; Fortuny C; Bohlius J; Chakraborty R; Clifford G; Egger M; Franceschi S; May M; Minder C; Sterne J; Zwahlen M; Ellefson M; Kjaer J; Collin F; Colin C; Weller I; Costagliola D; Ledergerber B; Lundgren J; Chene G; Touloumi G; Warszawski J; Meyer L; Dabis F; Krause MM; Goujard C; Leport C; de Wolf F; Reiss P; Porter K; Dorrucci M; Sabin C; Gibb D; Del Amo J; Obel N; Thorne C; Mocroft A; Kirk O; Staszewski S; Perez-Hoyos S; Almeda J; Antinori A; Monforte Ad; de Martino M; Brockmeyer N; Fätkenheuer G; Ramos J; Battegay M; Mussini C; Tookey P; Casabona J; Miro JM; Castagna A; de Wit S; Torti C; Teira R; Garrido M; Dedes N; Sabin C; Phillips A; Furrer H; Kirk O; Egger M; Dabis F; Newell M; Sterne J; Telenti A; Pantazis N; Lechenadec J; Jérôme F; Tran L; Balestre E; Lanoy E; Couturier F; Rispens T; Gras LA; Bhaskaran K; Sabin C; Hill T; Judd A; Duong T; Sobrino P; Obel N; Thorne C; Kjaer J; Jennings B; Pérez-Hoyos S; Almeda J; Bonfigli S; Cozzi-Lepri A; Corvasce S; Adorni F; Ridolfo AL; Paraninfo G; Ramos JT; Keiser O; Borghi V; Masters J; Ortiga B; Salpietro S; Rickenbach M; Poll B; Garrido M
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68. Guidoboni M, Ponzoni M, Caggiari L, Lettini AA, Vago L, De Re V, Gloghini A, Zancai P, Carbone A, Boiocchi M, Dolcetti R: Latent membrane protein 1 deletion mutants accumulate in reed-sternberg cells of human immunodeficiency virus-related Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Virol; 2005 Feb;79(4):2643-9
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Latent membrane protein 1 deletion mutants accumulate in reed-sternberg cells of human immunodeficiency virus-related Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • We herein demonstrate that LMP-1 deletion mutants are highly associated with human immunodeficiency virus-related Hodgkin's lymphoma (HIV-HL) of Italian patients (29 of 31 cases; 93.5%), a phenomenon that is not due to a peculiar distribution of EBV strains in this area.
  • In fact, although HIV-HL patients are infected by multiple EBV variants, we demonstrate that LMP-1 deletion mutants preferentially accumulate within neoplastic tissues.
  • Subcloning and sequencing of the 3' LMP-1 ends of two HIV-HL genes in which both variants were present showed the presence of molecular signatures suggestive of a likely derivation of the LMP-1 deletion mutant from a nondeletion ancestor.
  • This phenomenon likely occurs within tumor cells in vivo, as shown by the detection of both LMP-1 variants in single microdissected Reed-Sternberg cells, and may at least in part explain the high prevalence of LMP-1 deletions associated with HIV-HL.
  • [MeSH-major] Carrier Proteins / metabolism. Herpesviridae Infections / virology. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Hodgkin Disease / metabolism. Hodgkin Disease / virology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Reed-Sternberg Cells / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15681466.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-538X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / LIM Domain Proteins; 0 / PDLIM7 protein, human
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC546537
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69. Falchi L, Capello D, Palumbo B, Rauco A, Emili R, Cianciulli M, Pace R, Capparella V, Liberati F, Liberati AM: A case of nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's lymphoma repeatedly relapsing in the context of composite plasma cell-hyaline vascular Castleman's disease: successful response to rituximab and radiotherapy. Eur J Haematol; 2007 Nov;79(5):455-61
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of nodular sclerosis Hodgkin's lymphoma repeatedly relapsing in the context of composite plasma cell-hyaline vascular Castleman's disease: successful response to rituximab and radiotherapy.
  • We report the case of an Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)- and human immunodeficiency virus-serum negative patient suffering from repeatedly relapsing classical Hodgkin's Lymphoma (cHL) associated with a histological picture of plasma cell-hyaline vascular (PC-HV) form of Castleman's disease (CD).
  • The CD30- and CD15-positive, Reed-Sternberg/Hodgkin cells, only occasionally expressed the CD20 molecule, but not leukocyte common antigen and latent membrane protein-1.
  • Relapsing cHL in the context of mixed PC-HV CD was documented in two of three surgically excised abdominal lymph nodes never previously enlarged or involved by any lymphoproliferative disease.
  • Because of the limited disease extension and failure to induce continuous remission with previous conventional chemoradiotherapy, the patient was treated with six rituximab injections.
  • Because of uncertain persistent disease in the supraclavicular nodal site, involved-field radiotherapy (RT) was delivered in that area as consolidation treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / complications. Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / radiotherapy. Hyalin / metabolism. Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use. Plasma Cells

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  • (PMID = 17908180.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Immunologic Factors; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2121125
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70. Lu TH, Chang HJ, Chen LS, Chu MH, Ou NM, Jen I: Changes in causes of death and associated conditions among persons with HIV/AIDS after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc; 2006 Jul;105(7):604-9
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  • [Title] Changes in causes of death and associated conditions among persons with HIV/AIDS after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy in Taiwan.
  • To assess the pattern of change in the causes of death among HIV/AIDS patients in Taiwan after the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), national HIV/AIDS registry data were linked with cause of death and health insurance claims data from 1994 to 2002 for analysis.
  • Although HIV/AIDS remained the leading underlying cause of death among HIV/AIDS patients during the study period (552/752 = 73.4%), an increased proportion of deaths was due to non-HIV/AIDS causes (other infectious diseases, cancers, liver diseases, etc.) after the introduction of HAART in 1997.
  • Most AIDS-related conditions associated with death (cryptococcosis, cachexia/wasting, dementia/encephalopathy, etc.) decreased in frequency from 1998-2000 to 2001-2002.
  • Nonetheless, some AIDS-related conditions associated with death remained stable or increased in frequency, such as candidiasis, tuberculosis, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • More effort is required to address the mental health of HIV/AIDS patients as a part of therapy.

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  • (PMID = 16877243.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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71. Simcock M, Blasko M, Karrer U, Bertisch B, Pless M, Blumer L, Vora S, Robinson JO, Bernasconi E, Terziroli B, Moirandat-Rytz S, Furrer H, Hirschel B, Vernazza P, Sendi P, Rickenbach M, Bucher HC, Battegay M, Koller MT, Swiss HIV Cohort Study: Treatment and prognosis of AIDS-related lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: findings from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study. Antivir Ther; 2007;12(6):931-9
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  • [Title] Treatment and prognosis of AIDS-related lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy: findings from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the characteristics of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) administered concomitantly with chemotherapy and to establish prognostic determinants of patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • METHODS: The study included 91 patients with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study enrolled between January 1997 and October 2003, excluding lymphomas of the brain.
  • We extracted AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma- and HIV-specific variables at the time of lymphoma diagnosis as well as treatment changes over time from charts and from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study database.
  • Thirty-five patients stopped chemotherapy prematurely (before the sixth cycle) usually due to disease progression; these patients had a shorter median survival than those who completed six or more cycles (14 versus 28 months).
  • Factors associated with overall survival were CD4+ T-cell count (<100 cells/microl) (hazard ratio [HR] 2.95 [95% confidence interval (CI) 1.53-5.67], hepatitis C seropositivity (HR 2.39 [95% CI 1.01-5.67]), the international prognostic index score (HR 1.98-3.62 across categories) and Burkitt histological subtypes (HR 2.56 [95% CI 1.13-5.78]).
  • The effect of cART interruptions on AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma prognosis remains unclear, however, hepatitis C seropositivity emerged-as a predictor of death beyond the well-known international prognostic index score and CD4+ T-cell count.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy


72. Deloose ST, Smit LA, Pals FT, Kersten MJ, van Noesel CJ, Pals ST: High incidence of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection in HIV-related solid immunoblastic/plasmablastic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Leukemia; 2005 May;19(5):851-5
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  • [Title] High incidence of Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection in HIV-related solid immunoblastic/plasmablastic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is known to be associated with two distinct lymphoproliferative disorders: primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and multicentric Castleman disease (MCD)/MCD-associated plasmablastic lymphoma.
  • We here report a high incidence of KSHV infection in solid HIV-associated immunoblastic/plasmablastic non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs), in patients lacking effusions and without evidence of (prior) MCD.
  • Within a cohort of 99 HIV-related NHLs, 10 cases were found to be KSHV positive on the basis of immunostaining for KSHV LNA-1 as well as KSHV-specific polymerase chain reaction.
  • Our results indicate that KSHV infection is not restricted to PEL and MCD; it is also common (38%) in HIV-related solid immunoblastic/plasmablastic lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / virology. HIV Infections / virology. Herpesviridae Infections / virology. Herpesvirus 8, Human. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / virology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology


73. Villafañe MF, Trione N, Corti M, Mendez N, Gancedo E, Zamora N, Levin M: Primary liver AIDS-related lympoma. Rev Inst Med Trop Sao Paulo; 2006 Jul-Aug;48(4):229-31
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  • [Title] Primary liver AIDS-related lympoma.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) are the second most frequent malignancies in AIDS patients.
  • The majority of NHL associated with AIDS involves extranodal sites, especially the digestive tract and the central nervous system.
  • Primary liver lymphoma (PLL) is an uncommon neoplasm among these patients.
  • Ultrasonography and computed tomography scans may be helpful in the diagnosis of focal hepatic lymphoma.
  • Image-guided fine-needle biopsy with histopathology of the liver lesions is the gold standard for the diagnosis of hepatic lymphoma.
  • We report a case of PLL as the initial manifestation of AIDS in a patient without any previous infection by hepatitis C or B virus, presented as multiple and large hepatic masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Liver Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17119682.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-4665
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Sao Paulo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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74. Nemunaitis MC, Schussler JM, Shiller SM, Sloan LM, Mennel RG: Primary effusion lymphoma diagnosed by pericardiocentesis. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent); 2009 Jan;22(1):77-80

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  • [Title] Primary effusion lymphoma diagnosed by pericardiocentesis.
  • Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL), formerly known as body cavity-based lymphoma, is a high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with Kaposi's sarcoma and human herpesvirus 8 infection.
  • PEL is often diagnosed in patients with HIV infection and carries a poor prognosis, with median survival near 6 months.
  • We describe a patient who presented with symptomatic pericardial effusion, secondary to newly diagnosed PEL, and no prior history of HIV infection.

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  • (PMID = 19169406.001).
  • [ISSN] 0899-8280
  • [Journal-full-title] Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2626366
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75. Lim ST, Levine AM: Non-AIDS-defining cancers and HIV infection. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep; 2005 Aug;2(3):146-53
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  • [Title] Non-AIDS-defining cancers and HIV infection.
  • With fewer patients now succumbing to infectious complications of AIDS, other HIV-related morbidities, such as malignancies, have become increasingly important.
  • Apart from Kaposi's sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and cervical cancer, which are considered as AIDS-defining, several additional cancers, referred to as non-AIDS-defining cancers, are also statistically increased in HIV-infected persons.
  • These include Hodgkin's disease, anal carcinoma, lung cancer, nonmelanomatous skin cancer, and testicular germ cell tumors, among others.
  • Although immunosuppression is consistently associated with an increased risk of AIDS-related malignancies, the role of immunosuppression in the pathogenesis of non-AIDS- defining cancers is controversial.
  • Although data regarding the optimal management of these cancers are lacking, current studies suggest that patients with HIV-associated malignancies should be treated with similar approaches to those of their counterparts in the general population.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Immunosuppression / adverse effects. Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16091262.001).
  • [ISSN] 1548-3568
  • [Journal-full-title] Current HIV/AIDS reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr HIV/AIDS Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 64
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76. Ayers LW, Silver S, McGrath MS, Orenstein JM: The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource: role in HIV/AIDS scientific discovery. Infect Agent Cancer; 2007;2:7
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  • [Title] The AIDS and Cancer Specimen Resource: role in HIV/AIDS scientific discovery.
  • The AIDS Cancer and Specimen Resource (ACSR) supports scientific discovery in the area of HIV/AIDS-associated malignancies.
  • The ACSR was established as a cooperative agreement between the NCI (Office of the Director, Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis) and regional consortia, University of California, San Francisco (West Coast), George Washington University (East Coast) and Ohio State University (Mid-Region) to collect, preserve and disperse HIV-related tissues and biologic fluids and controls along with clinical data to qualified investigators.
  • The ACSR tissue bank has more than 100,000 human HIV positive specimens that represent different processing (43), specimen (15), and anatomical site (50) types.
  • Requests have been greatest for Kaposi's sarcoma (32%) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (26%).
  • ACSR also provides tissue microarrays of, e.g., Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, for biomarker assays and has developed collaborations with other groups that provide access to additional AIDS-related malignancy specimens.
  • The ACSR promotes the scientific exploration of the relationship between HIV/AIDS and malignancy by participation at national and international scientific meetings, contact with investigators who have productive research in this area and identifying, collecting, preserving, enhancing, and dispersing HIV/AIDS-related malignancy specimens to funded, approved researchers at no fee.

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  • (PMID = 17335575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-9378
  • [Journal-full-title] Infectious agents and cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Agents Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066531
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1851770
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77. Ezzat H, Filipenko D, Vickars L, Galbraith P, Li C, Murphy K, Montaner JS, Harris M, Hogg RS, Vercauteren S, Leger CS, Zypchen L, Leitch HA: Improved survival in HIV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy. HIV Clin Trials; 2007 May-Jun;8(3):132-44
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  • [Title] Improved survival in HIV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with the addition of rituximab to chemotherapy in patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • PURPOSE: Recent trials suggest serious toxicity in HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with rituximab (R) and chemotherapy (CT), offsetting the benefit of rituximab.
  • METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed experience with CHOP-R vs. CT in 40 patients with HIV-associated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) diagnosed between December 1992 and February 2006, all of whom were treated with curative intent.
  • RESULTS: In a univariate analysis, International Prognostic Index (IPI) score, prior AIDS, HAART, and rituximab were significant for overall survival (OS).
  • In a multivariate analysis, IPI 0-1 (p < .02), no prior AIDS (p < .0002), and receiving CHOP-R (p < .01) were significant for improved OS, and HAART use (p < .09) retained a trend for improved OS.
  • Patients without prior AIDS receiving CHOP-R had an HR of 0.5 (95% CI 0.1-1.7).
  • Rituximab-treated patients had a lower death rate from lymphoma (CHOP-R, 2 [16%] vs. CT, 15 [63%]; p < .04), and overall mortality (CHOP-R, 5 [42%] vs. CT, 21 [88%]; p < .01).
  • CONCLUSION: These retrospective data suggest that fatal toxicity of rituximab in HIV-NHL is not increased provided HAART is used, that the addition of rituximab to CT improved outcome, and that further prospective trials investigating this issue are warranted.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / complications. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / mortality


78. Balsalobre P, Díez-Martín JL, Re A, Michieli M, Ribera JM, Canals C, Rosselet A, Conde E, Varela R, Cwynarski K, Gabriel I, Genet P, Guillerm G, Allione B, Ferrant A, Biron P, Espigado I, Serrano D, Sureda A: Autologous stem-cell transplantation in patients with HIV-related lymphoma. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 1;27(13):2192-8
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  • [Title] Autologous stem-cell transplantation in patients with HIV-related lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE: Peripheral-blood autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) in patients with HIV-related lymphoma (HIV-Ly) has been reported as a safe and useful procedure.
  • Herein we report the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation experience on patients with HIV-Ly undergoing ASCT.
  • RESULTS: Since 1999, 68 patients from 20 institutions (median age, 41 years; range, 29 to 62 years) were included, diagnosed with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; n = 50) or Hodgkin's lymphoma (n = 18).
  • At the time of ASCT, 16 patients were in first complete remission (CR1); 44 patients were in CR more than 1, partial remission, or chemotherapy-sensitive relapse (chemo-S); and eight patients had chemotherapy-resistant disease.
  • CI of relapse was 30.4% at 24 months, statistically related with not being in CR at ASCT (relative risk [RR] = 3.6), NHL histology other than diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (RR = 3.4), and use of more than two previous treatment lines (RR = 3).
  • Patients not in CR or with refractory disease at ASCT had poorer PFS (RR = 2.4 and 4.8, respectively).
  • CONCLUSION: Similarly to HIV-negative patients with lymphoma, ASCT is a useful treatment for patients with HIV-Ly and is associated with low NRM, mainly when performed in early stages and chemo-S disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / therapy

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  • [ErratumIn] J Clin Oncol. 2009 Jul 1;27(19):3263
  • (PMID = 19332732.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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79. Francischini E, Martins FM, Braz-Silva PH, Magalhães MH, Ortega KL: HIV-associated oral plasmablastic lymphoma and role of adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy. Int J STD AIDS; 2010 Jan;21(1):68-70
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  • [Title] HIV-associated oral plasmablastic lymphoma and role of adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is an HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that primarily affects the oral cavity.
  • We describe the case of an HIV patient with a lesion in the maxilla that lasted four months.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Retroviral Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Maxillary Neoplasms / drug therapy. Medication Adherence. Mouth Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / prevention & control


80. Marr-Belvin AK, Carville AK, Fahey MA, Boisvert K, Klumpp SA, Ohashi M, Wang F, O'Neil SP, Westmoreland SV: Rhesus lymphocryptovirus type 1-associated B-cell nasal lymphoma in SIV-infected rhesus macaques. Vet Pathol; 2008 Nov;45(6):914-21
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  • [Title] Rhesus lymphocryptovirus type 1-associated B-cell nasal lymphoma in SIV-infected rhesus macaques.
  • EBV has been associated with a variety of malignancies, but it has a demonstrated role in lymphomas, especially in immunosuppressed individuals.
  • Sinonasal non-Hodgkin's lymphomas have been reported in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at an increased frequency.
  • Rhesus LCV (rhLCV), the rhesus viral homolog of EBV, has been cloned and is associated with B-cell lymphomas in immunosuppressed rhesus macaques.
  • We report two cases of B-cell lymphoma within the nasal cavity from 2 simian immunodeficiency virus-infected rhesus macaques with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  • Nasal lymphoma is an unusual presentation of rhLCV-associated B-cell lymphoma in immunosuppressed rhesus macaques.
  • These tumors demonstrate comparable viral pathogenesis with EBV-induced nasal lymphomas in HIV-positive people.

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  • (PMID = 18984796.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9858
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / T32 RR007000; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR00168; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / P51 RR000168; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / K26 RR000168; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / T32 RR007000-32; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR007000-32; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR07000
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS90380; NLM/ PMC2735115
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81. Dhir AA, Sawant S, Dikshit RP, Parikh P, Srivastava S, Badwe R, Rajadhyaksha S, Dinshaw KA: Spectrum of HIV/AIDS related cancers in India. Cancer Causes Control; 2008 Mar;19(2):147-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spectrum of HIV/AIDS related cancers in India.
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the cancer pattern among HIV positive cancer cases.
  • METHOD: The study group included patients registered in the HIV Cancer clinic at the Tata Memorial Hospital (TMH), Mumbai, which is the largest tertiary referral cancer center in India.
  • We used the gender and age-specific proportions of each cancer site of the year 2002 that was recorded in the Hospital Cancer Registry to estimate an expected number of various cancer sites among HIV positive cancer patients during the period 2001-2005.
  • Increased proportion of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) was observed (PIR in males = 17.1, 95%CI 13.33-21.84, females = 10.3, 95%CI 6.10-17.41).
  • In males, PIR was increased for anal cancer (PIR = 10.3, 95%CI 4.30-24.83), Hodgkin's disease, testicular cancer, colon cancer, and few head and neck cancer sites.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The absence of Kaposi's sarcoma and increased PIRs for certain non-AIDS defining cancers among HIV infected cancer cases indicates a different spectrum of HIV associated malignancies in this region.
  • The raised PIR for cervical cancer emphasizes the urgent need for screening programs for cervical cancer among HIV infected individuals in India.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections. Neoplasms / epidemiology. Registries


82. Gingues S, Gill MJ: The impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the incidence and outcomes of AIDS-defining cancers in Southern Alberta. HIV Med; 2006 Sep;7(6):369-77
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  • [Title] The impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the incidence and outcomes of AIDS-defining cancers in Southern Alberta.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the incidence and outcomes of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and invasive cervical cancer/dysplasia in a well-defined geographical HIV-infected population between 1984 and 2005.
  • METHODS: A clinic database search, chart review and verification with public health records were undertaken for all AIDS-defining cancers diagnosed in Southern Alberta before and after the introduction of HAART.
  • RESULTS: A total of 2,137 patients with 9,265 person-years of HIV follow-up care were reviewed.
  • KS and NHL together accounted for 15% of clinical presentations with an AIDS-defining illness that led to the HIV diagnosis.
  • Following the introduction of HAART, the reduced number of severely immunocompromised patients was associated with 92 and 84% reductions in new diagnoses of KS and NHL, respectively, which were seen mainly in clinic patients declining or failing HAART.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of HAART has dramatically reduced the incidence of KS and NHL and improved survival from these cancers for most patients in HIV care.
  • However, patients still present with KS and NHL leading to their HIV diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Dysplasia / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology


83. Balderas V, Spechler SJ: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with AIDS. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2006 Jun;3(6):349-53; quiz following 353
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  • [Title] Upper gastrointestinal bleeding in a patient with AIDS.
  • BACKGROUND: A 38-year-old man with AIDS and hepatitis C was admitted to our hospital in January 2005, with complaints of epigastric pain, odynophagia, and melena of 4 days' duration.
  • DIAGNOSIS: Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the stomach (diffuse large B-cell type) with associated gastric ulceration and bleeding.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal. Hemostasis, Endoscopic. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / complications. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Male

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  • (PMID = 16741554.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-4378
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature clinical practice. Gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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84. Stern JI, Raizer JJ: Primary central nervous system lymphoma. Expert Rev Neurother; 2005 Nov;5(6 Suppl):S63-70
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  • [Title] Primary central nervous system lymphoma.
  • Primary central nervous system lymphoma is a stage 1E non-Hodgkin's lymphoma confined to the nervous system.
  • It is seen in immunocompetent and immunodeficient populations, the latter group associated with the Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Primary central nervous system lymphoma can affect the brain, leptomeninges, spinal cord or eyes.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / pathology. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / therapy. Lymphoma / pathology. Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnostic Imaging / methods. Drug Therapy / methods. Expert Testimony. Humans. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related. Prognosis. Radiotherapy / methods. Salvage Therapy / methods. Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Steroids / therapeutic use

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  • [CommentIn] Expert Rev Neurother. 2005 Nov;5(6 Suppl):1-2 [16274264.001]
  • (PMID = 16274272.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8360
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of neurotherapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Neurother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Steroids
  • [Number-of-references] 76
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85. Bower M, Palmieri C, Dhillon T: AIDS-related malignancies: changing epidemiology and the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Curr Opin Infect Dis; 2006 Feb;19(1):14-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] AIDS-related malignancies: changing epidemiology and the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Three cancers in people with HIV denote an AIDS diagnosis: Kaposi's sarcoma, high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and invasive cervical cancer.
  • In addition a number of other cancers occur at increased frequency in this population group but are not AIDS-defining illnesses.
  • This review discusses the impact of highly active antiretroviral therapy on the epidemiology and outcome of AIDS-defining cancers.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of both Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has declined in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy and the outcome of both tumours has improved.
  • In contrast, highly active antiretroviral therapy has had little impact on the incidence of human papilloma virus-associated tumours (cervical and anal cancer) in people with HIV, although it may improve survival by reducing opportunistic infection deaths.
  • As people with HIV live longer with highly active antiretroviral therapy, an increased incidence of other non AIDS-defining cancers that have no known association with oncogenic infections is becoming apparent.
  • SUMMARY: For those with access to highly active antiretroviral therapy, the good news from the AIDS-defining cancers - particularly Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma - may be balanced by the increasing numbers of non AIDS-defining cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. HIV Infections / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / drug therapy. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / drug therapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16374212.001).
  • [ISSN] 0951-7375
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 45
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86. Rafaniello Raviele P, Pruneri G, Maiorano E: Plasmablastic lymphoma: a review. Oral Dis; 2009 Jan;15(1):38-45
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Plasmablastic lymphoma: a review.
  • Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) has been recently characterised as an aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, most frequently arising in the oral cavity of HIV-infected patients.
  • Similar to other types of AIDS-related lymphomas, there is evidence that Epstein-Barr virus and Kaposi-sarcoma associated Human Herpes Virus 8 may play a relevant role in the pathogenesis of PBL.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18939960.001).
  • [ISSN] 1601-0825
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / SDC1 protein, human; 0 / Syndecan-1
  • [Number-of-references] 54
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87. Han Y, Liu HW: [Progress on study on oral lesions in patients with AIDS]. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao; 2010 Feb 18;42(1):117-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Progress on study on oral lesions in patients with AIDS].
  • A large number of studies showed that hairy leukoplakia, pseudomembranous candidiasis, Kaposi' sarcoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, linear gingival erythema, necrotizing ulcerative periodontitis and necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis were the most common lesions in patients with HIV infection and AIDS, and their higher prevalence and incidence rates correlated with the falling CD4 counts and higher virus load of the patients.
  • The use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) was associated with decreases in the prevalence of oral diseases.
  • Oral manifestations may represent early signs of AIDS disease and call attention to disease progression.
  • Oral fluid has been shown to possess superior sensitivity for HIV antibody detection as serum.

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  • (PMID = 20140059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-167X
  • [Journal-full-title] Beijing da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Peking University. Health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
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88. Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC), Mocroft A, Sterne JA, Egger M, May M, Grabar S, Furrer H, Sabin C, Fatkenheuer G, Justice A, Reiss P, d'Arminio Monforte A, Gill J, Hogg R, Bonnet F, Kitahata M, Staszewski S, Casabona J, Harris R, Saag M: Variable impact on mortality of AIDS-defining events diagnosed during combination antiretroviral therapy: not all AIDS-defining conditions are created equal. Clin Infect Dis; 2009 Apr 15;48(8):1138-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Variable impact on mortality of AIDS-defining events diagnosed during combination antiretroviral therapy: not all AIDS-defining conditions are created equal.
  • BACKGROUND: The extent to which mortality differs following individual acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-defining events (ADEs) has not been assessed among patients initiating combination antiretroviral therapy.
  • Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate mortality hazard ratios for each ADE that occurred in >50 patients, after stratification by cohort and adjustment for sex, HIV transmission group, number of antiretroviral drugs initiated, regimen, age, date of starting combination antiretroviral therapy, and CD4+ cell count and HIV RNA load at initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy.
  • The greatest mortality hazard ratio was associated with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (hazard ratio, 17.59; 95% confidence interval, 13.84-22.35) and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (hazard ratio, 10.0; 95% confidence interval, 6.70-14.92).
  • Three groups of ADEs were identified on the basis of the ranked hazard ratios with bootstrapped confidence intervals: severe (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy [hazard ratio, 7.26; 95% confidence interval, 5.55-9.48]), moderate (cryptococcosis, cerebral toxoplasmosis, AIDS dementia complex, disseminated Mycobacterium avium complex, and rare ADEs [hazard ratio, 2.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.76-3.13]), and mild (all other ADEs [hazard ratio, 1.47; 95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.00]).

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  • (PMID = 19275498.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-6591
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / AA013566-08; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / U10 AA013566; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0700820; United States / NIAAA NIH HHS / AA / U10 AA013566-08
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS264818; NLM/ PMC3032444
  • [Investigator] Casabona J; Chêne G; Costagliola D; Dabis F; D'Arminio Monforte A; de Wolf F; Egger M; Fatkenheuer G; Gill J; Hogg R; Justice A; Kitahata M; Ledergerber B; Mocroft A; Phillips A; Reiss P; Saag M; Sabin C; Staszewski S; Weller I; May M; Harris R; Sterne J; Abgrall S; Barin F; Bentata M; Billaud E; Boué F; Burty C; Cabié A; Cotte L; De Truchis P; Duval X; Duvivier C; Enel P; Fredouille-Heripret L; Gasnault J; Gaud C; Gilquin J; Grabar S; Katlama C; Khuong MA; Lang JM; Lascaux AS; Launay O; Mahamat A; Mary-Krause M; Matheron S; Meynard JL; Pavie J; Pialoux G; Pilorgé F; Poizot-Martin I; Pradier C; Reynes J; Rouveix E; Simon A; Tattevin P; Tissot-Dupont H; Viard JP; Viget N; Pariente-Khayat A; Salomon V; Jacquemet N; Rivet A; Guiguet M; Kousignian I; Lanoy E; Lièvre L; Potard V; Selinger-Leneman H; Bouvet E; Crickx B; Ecobichon JL; Leport C; Picard-Dahan C; Yeni P; Tisne-Dessus D; Weiss L; Salmon D; Sicard D; Auperin I; Roudière L; Fior R; Delfraissy JF; Goujard C; Jung C; Lesprit P; Desplanque N; Meyohas MC; Picard O; Cadranel J; Mayaud C; Bricaire F; Herson S; Clauvel JP; Decazes JM; Gerard L; Molina JM; Diemer M; Sellier P; Berthé H; Dupont C; Chandemerle C; Mortier E; Honoré P; Jeantils V; Tassi S; Mechali D; Taverne B; Gourdon F; Laurichesse H; Fresard A; Lucht F; Eglinger P; Faller JP; Bazin C; Verdon R; Boibieux A; Peyramond D; Livrozet JM; Touraine JL; Trepo C; Ravaux I; Delmont JP; Moreau J; Gastaut JA; Retornaz F; Soubeyrand J; Allegre T; Blanc PA; Galinier A; Ruiz JM; Lepeu G; Granet-Brunello P; Esterni JP; Pelissier L; Cohen-Valensi R; Nezri M; Chadapaud S; Laffeuillade A; May T; Rabaud C; Raffi F; Arvieux C; Michelet C; Borsa-Lebas F; Caron F; Fraisse P; Rey D; Arlet-Suau E; Cuzin L; Massip P; Thiercelin Legrand MF; Yasdanpanah Y; Pradinaud R; Sobesky M; Contant M; Montroni M; Scalise G; Braschi MC; Riva A; Tirelli U; Martellotta F; Pastore G; Ladisa N; Suter F; Arici C; Chiodo F; Colangeli V; Fiorini C; Carosi G; Cristini G; Torti C; Minardi C; Bertelli D; Quirino T; Manconi PE; Piano P; Cosco L; Scerbo A; Vecchiet J; D'Alessandro M; Santoro D; Pusterla L; Carnevale G; Lorenzotti S; Viganò P; Mena M; Ghinelli F; Sighinolfi L; Leoncini F; Mazzotta F; Pozzi M; Lo Caputo S; Grisorio B; Ferrara S; Grima P; Grima PF; Pagano G; Cassola G; Alessandrini A; Piscopo R; Toti M; Trezzi M; Soscia F; Tacconi L; Orani A; Perini P; Scasso A; Vincenti A; Chiodera F; Castelli P; Scalzini A; Palvarini L; Moroni M; Lazzarin A; Rizzardini G; Caggese L; Cicconi P; Galli A; Merli S; Pastecchia C; Moioli MC; Esposito R; Mussini C; Abrescia N; Chirianni A; Izzo CM; Piazza M; De Marco M; Viglietti R; Manzillo E; Nappa S; Colomba A; Abbadessa V; Prestileo T; Mancuso S; Ferrari C; Pizzaferri P; Filice G; Minoli L; Bruno R; Novati S; Baldelli F; Camanni G; Petrelli E; Cioppi A; Alberici F; Ruggieri A; Menichetti F; Martinelli C; De Stefano C; La Gala A; Ballardini G; Rizzo E; Magnani G; Ursitti MA; Arlotti M; Ortolani P; Cauda R; Dianzani F; Ippolito G; Antinori A; Antonucci G; Ciardi M; Narciso P; Petrosillo N; Vullo V; De Luca A; Zaccarelli M; Acinapura R; De Longis P; Trotta MP; Noto P; Lichtner M; Capobianchi MR; Carletti F; Girardi E; Pezzotti P; Rezza G; Mura MS; Mannazzu M; Caramello P; Di Perri G; Orofino GC; Sciandra M; Grossi PA; Basilico C; Poggio A; Bottari G; Raise E; Ebo F; Pellizzer G; Buonfrate D; Resta F; Loso K; Cozzi Lepri A; Battegay M; Bernasconi E; Böni J; Bucher H; Bürgisser P; Cattacin S; Cavassini M; Dubs R; Elzi L; Erb P; Fischer M; Flepp M; Fontana A; Francioli P; Furrer H; Gorgievski M; Günthard H; Hirsch H; Hirschel B; Hösli I; Kahlert C; Kaiser L; Karrer U; Kind C; Klimkait T; Martinetti G; Martinez B; Müller N; Nadal D; Opravil M; Paccaud F; Pantaleo G; Rickenbach M; Rudin C; Schmid P; Schultze D; Schüpbach J; Speck R; Taffé P; Tarr P; Telenti A; Trkola A; Vernazza P; Weber R; Yerly S; Gras LA; van Sighem AI; Smit C; Bronsveld W; Hillebrand-Haverkort ME; Prins JM; Branger J; Eeftinck Schattenkerk JK; Gisolf J; Godfried MH; Lange JM; Lettinga KD; van der Meer JT; Nellen FJ; van der Poll T; Ruys TA; Steingrover R; Vermeulen JN; Vrouenraets SM; van Vugt M; Wit FW; Kuijpers TW; Pajkrt D; Scherpbier HJ; van Eeden A; Brinkman K; van den Berk GE; Blok WL; Frissen PH; Roos JC; Schouten WE; Mulder JW; van Gorp EC; Wagenaar J; Veenstra J; Danner SA; Van Agtmael MA; Claessen FA; Perenboom RM; Rijkeboer A; van Vonderen MG; Richter C; van der Berg J; Vriesendorp R; Jeurissen FJ; Kauffmann RH; Pogány K; Bravenboer B; ten Napel CH; Kootstra GJ; Sprenger HG; van Assen S; van Leeuwen JT; Doedens R; Scholvinck EH; ten Kate RW; Soetekouw R; van Houte D; Polée MB; Kroon FP; van den Broek PJ; van Dissel JT; Schippers EF; Schreij G; van der Geest S; Lowe S; Verbon A; Koopmans PP; Van Crevel R; de Groot R; Keuter M; Post F; van der Ven AJ; Warris A; van der Ende ME; Gyssens IC; van der Feltz M; Nouwen JL; Rijnders BJ; de Vries TE; Driessen G; van der Flier M; Hartwig NG; Juttman JR; van Kasteren ME; Van de Heul C; Hoepelman IM; Schneider MM; Bonten MJ; Borleffs JC; Ellerbroek PM; Jaspers CA; Mudrikove T; Schurink CA; Gisolf EH; Geelen SP; Wolfs TF; Faber T; Tanis AA; Groeneveld PH; den Hollander JG; Duits AJ; Winkel K; Back NK; Bakker ME; Berkhout B; Jurriaans S; Zaaijer HL; Cuijpers T; Rietra PJ; Roozendaal KJ; Pauw W; van Zanten AP; Smits PH; von Blomberg BM; Savelkoul P; Pettersson A; Swanink CM; Franck PF; Lampe AS; Jansen CL; Hendriks R; Benne CA; Veenendaal D; Storm H; Weel J; van Zeijl JH; Kroes AC; Claas HC; Bruggeman CA; Goossens VJ; Galama JM; Melchers WJ; Poort YA; Doornum GJ; Niesters MG; Osterhaus AD; Schutten M; Buiting AG; Swaans CA; Boucher CA; Schuurman R; Boel E; Jansz AF; Veldkamp A; Beijnen JH; Huitema AD; Burger DM; Hugen PW; van Kan HJ; Losso M; Duran A; Vetter N; Karpov I; Vassilenko A; Mitsura VM; Suetnov O; Clumeck N; De Wit S; Poll B; Colebunders R; Kostov K; Begovac J; Machala L; Rozsypal H; Sedlacek D; Nielsen J; Lundgren J; Benfield T; Kirk O; Gerstoft J; Katzenstein T; Hansen AB; Skinhøj P; Pedersen C; Oestergaard L; Zilmer K; Ristola M; Girard PM; Vanhems P; Rockstroh J; Schmidt R; van Lunzen J; Degen O; Stellbrink HJ; Bogner J; Kosmidis J; Gargalianos P; Xylomenos G; Perdios J; Panos G; Filandras A; Karabatsaki E; Sambattakou H; Banhegyi D; Mulcahy F; Yust I; Turner D; Burke M; Pollack S; Hassoun G; Maayan S; Chiesi A; Mazeu I; Pristera R; Gabbuti A; Montesarchio E; Gargiulo M; Iacomi F; Vlassi C; Finazzi R; Galli M; Ridolfo A; Rozentale B; Aldins P; Chaplinskas S; Hemmer R; Staub T; Bruun J; Maeland A; Ormaasen V; Knysz B; Gasiorowski J; Horban A; Prokopowicz D; Wiercinska-Drapalo A; Boron-Kaczmarska A; Pynka M; Beniowski M; Mularska E; Trocha H; Antunes F; Valadas E; Mansinho K; Maltez F; Duiculescu D; Rakhmanova A; Vinogradova E; Buzunova S; Jevtovic D; Mokrás M; Staneková D; González-Lahoz J; Soriano V; Martin-Carbonero L; Labarga P; Clotet B; Jou A; Conejero J; Tural C; Gatell JM; Miró JM; Domingo P; Gutierrez M; Mateo G; Sambeat MA; Karlsson A; 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Palmer G; Touchard D; Balestre E; Alioum A; Jacqmin-Gadda H; Bonarek M; Bonnet F; Coadou B; Gellie P; Nouts C; Bocquentin F; Dutronc H; Lafarie S; Aslan A; Pistonne T; Thibaut P; Vatan R; Chambon D; De La Taille C; Cazorla C; Ocho A; Viallard JF; Caubet O; Cipriano C; Lazaro E; Couzigou P; Castera L; Fleury H; Lafon ME; Masquelier B; Pellegrin I; Breilh D; Blanco P; Loste P; Caunègre L; Bonnal F; Farbos S; Ferrand M; Ceccaldi J; Tchamgoué S; De Witte S; Buy E; Alexander C; Barrios R; Braitstein P; Brumme Z; Chan K; Cote H; Gataric N; Geller J; Guillemi S; Harrigan PR; Harris M; Joy R; Levy A; Montaner J; Montessori V; Palepu A; Phillips E; Phillips P; Press N; Tyndall M; Wood E; Yip B; Bhagani S; Breen R; Byrne P; Carroll A; Cuthbertson Z; Dunleavy A; Geretti AM; Heelan B; Johnson M; Kinloch-de Loes S; Lipman M; Madge S; Marshall N; Nair D; Nebbia G; Prinz B; Shah S; Swader L; Tyrer M; Youle M; Chaloner C; Grabowska H; Holloway J; Puradiredja J; Ransom D; Tsintas R; Bansi L; Fox Z; Harris E; 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89. Sarode SC, Sarode GS, Patil A: Plasmablastic lymphoma of the oral cavity: a review. Oral Oncol; 2010 Mar;46(3):146-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Plasmablastic lymphoma of the oral cavity: a review.
  • Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare AIDS associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), with predilection for the mucosa of oral cavity.
  • It usually has a plasmablastic morphology, expressing plasma cell-associated antigens with weak or no expression of B-cell associated markers.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20138565.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0593
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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90. Martini M, Capello D, Serraino D, Navarra A, Pierconti F, Cenci T, Gaidano G, Larocca LM: Characterization of variants in the promoter of EBV gene BZLF1 in normal donors, HIV-positive patients and in AIDS-related lymphomas. J Infect; 2007 Mar;54(3):298-306
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  • [Title] Characterization of variants in the promoter of EBV gene BZLF1 in normal donors, HIV-positive patients and in AIDS-related lymphomas.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of polymorphic variants of EBV BamHI fragment Z (BZLF1) promoter zone Zp in tumor and non-tumor-associated EBV.
  • We characterized the Zp region in type A and type B EBV, infecting AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (AIDS-NHL) and non-malignant lymphoid tissues derived from HIV-positive patients and from healthy individuals.
  • METHODS: The Zp region was directly sequenced in 133 EBV-positive DNA samples: 63 AIDS-NHL (32 systemic AIDS-NHL and 31 AIDS-primary central nervous system lymphoma [AIDS-PCNSL]), 30 lymphoid tissues derived from HIV-positive individuals and 40 lymphoid samples derived from healthy individuals.
  • Zp-V3 was significantly associated with AIDS-PCNSL (P<0.001) and with systemic AIDS-NHL (P=0.007), in particular with AIDS-related immunoblastic lymphoma (P<0.001).
  • Moreover, in malignant samples, this variant was also significantly associated with type B EBV (P<0.001).
  • Finally, the new identified Zp-PV variant was isolated in 7 AIDS-PCNSL.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The frequency of polymorphisms in the regulatory zone of BZLF1 is different between malignant and non-malignant samples in AIDS patients and may identify EBV subtypes with different transforming activities, including those associated to the pathogenesis of B cell lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / virology. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / virology. Herpesvirus 4, Human / genetics. Lymphoma / virology. Promoter Regions, Genetic. Trans-Activators / genetics. Viral Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] DNA, Viral / genetics. Humans. Lymphoid Tissue / virology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Polymorphism, Genetic. Sequence Analysis, DNA. Statistics as Topic

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  • (PMID = 16784778.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2742
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of infection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Infect.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BZLF1 protein, Herpesvirus 4, Human; 0 / DNA, Viral; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Viral Proteins
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91. Tirwomwe JF, Rwenyonyi CM, Muwazi LM, Besigye B, Mboli F: Oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS in clients attending TASO clinics in Uganda. Clin Oral Investig; 2007 Sep;11(3):289-92
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  • [Title] Oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS in clients attending TASO clinics in Uganda.
  • A total of 514 subjects aged 18 to 58 years (mean 42 years) were randomly recruited from five The AIDS Support Organization (TASO) clinics in Uganda.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, atypical ulcers, necrotizing periodontitis, and hairy leucoplakia were least frequently observed in the subjects.
  • Tooth brushing, chewing, and swallowing were frequently associated with discomfort.
  • Oral lesions associated with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in TASO clients is a major public health problem requiring education in recognition and appropriate management.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology. HIV Infections / epidemiology. Mouth Diseases / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology. Adolescent. Adult. Burning Mouth Syndrome / epidemiology. Candidiasis, Oral / epidemiology. Cheilitis / epidemiology. Cross-Sectional Studies. Female. Gingivitis, Necrotizing Ulcerative / epidemiology. Humans. Leukoplakia, Hairy / epidemiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Oral Ulcer / epidemiology. Periodontitis / epidemiology. Prevalence. Sex Factors. Uganda / epidemiology. Xerostomia / epidemiology


92. Epeldegui M, Breen EC, Hung YP, Boscardin WJ, Detels R, Martínez-Maza O: Elevated expression of activation induced cytidine deaminase in peripheral blood mononuclear cells precedes AIDS-NHL diagnosis. AIDS; 2007 Nov 12;21(17):2265-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Elevated expression of activation induced cytidine deaminase in peripheral blood mononuclear cells precedes AIDS-NHL diagnosis.
  • Non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma (NHL) is a common cancer in HIV infection.
  • Since NHL is a common cancer in HIV infection, and expression of AID could contribute to the development of NHL, we hypothesized that AID expression would be elevated in those who went on to develop AIDS-associated NHL (AIDS-NHL).
  • AID mRNA levels were measured by TaqMan RT-PCR in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, obtained prior to AIDS-NHL diagnosis, from 16 HIV-infected subjects who developed AIDS-NHL, and from control subjects (AIDS but no NHL, and HIV-negative subjects).
  • PBMC AID expression was markedly elevated in those who developed AIDS-NHL, when compared to AIDS and HIV-negative controls.
  • Additionally, AID expression was seen to differ depending on NHL subtype, with the highest levels of expression seen in those who developed Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / enzymology. Cytidine Deaminase / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Viral. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / enzymology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / enzymology

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  • (PMID = 18090274.001).
  • [ISSN] 0269-9370
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI28697; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA57152; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA73475; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA96888
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Viral; EC 3.5.4.5 / Cytidine Deaminase
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93. Salemi M, Lamers SL, Huysentruyt LC, Galligan D, Gray RR, Morris A, McGrath MS: Distinct patterns of HIV-1 evolution within metastatic tissues in patients with non-Hodgkins lymphoma. PLoS One; 2009 Dec 03;4(12):e8153
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  • [Title] Distinct patterns of HIV-1 evolution within metastatic tissues in patients with non-Hodgkins lymphoma.
  • Despite highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), AIDS related lymphoma (ARL) occurs at a significantly higher rate in patients infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) than in the general population.
  • HIV-infected macrophages are a known viral reservoir and have been shown to have lymphomagenic potential in SCID mice; therefore, there is an interest in determining if a viral component to lymphomagenesis also exists.
  • We sequenced HIV-1 envelope gp120 clones obtained post mortem from several tumor and non-tumor tissues of two patients who died with AIDS-related Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (ARL-NH).
  • 1) high-resolution phylogenetic analysis showed a significant degree of compartmentalization between lymphoma and non-lymphoma viral sub-populations while viral sub-populations from lymph nodes appeared to be intermixed within sequences from tumor and non-tumor tissues, 2) a 100-fold increase in the effective HIV population size in tumor versus non-tumor tissues was associated with the emergence of lymphadenopathy and aggressive metastatic ARL, and 3) HIV gene flow among lymph nodes, normal and metastatic tissues was non-random.
  • The different population dynamics between the viruses found in tumors versus the non-tumor associated viruses suggest that there is a significant relationship between HIV evolution and lymphoma pathogenesis.
  • Moreover, the study indicates that HIV could be used as an effective marker to study the origin and dissemination of lymphomas in vivo.

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  • (PMID = 19997510.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA096230; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA096230-06; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI065265; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / NS063897-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066529; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS063897; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009126; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS063897-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA066529-14; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS063897; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA09126
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HIV Core Protein p24; 0 / HIV Envelope Protein gp120
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2780293
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94. Hassan A, Kreisel F, Gardner L, Lewis JS Jr, El-Mofty SK: Plasmablastic lymphoma of head and neck: report of two new cases and correlation with c-myc and IgVH gene mutation status. Head Neck Pathol; 2007 Dec;1(2):150-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Plasmablastic lymphoma of head and neck: report of two new cases and correlation with c-myc and IgVH gene mutation status.
  • Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (AIDS-NHL), with predilection for the mucosa of oral cavity.
  • It usually has a plasmablastic morphology, expressing plasma cell-associated antigens with weak or absent expression of B-cell-associated markers.
  • For the first time we report a case of AIDS-related PBL that, by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), shows a c-myc gene rearrangement.
  • Although current literature suggests that most cases of c-myc gene rearranged AIDS-NHL are Burkitt's lymphoma, our case has an immunophenotype characteristic for PBL.
  • The concurrent B-cell immunophenotype of BCL-6(-)/CD138(+)/MUM-1(+) also suggests a post-germinal center B-cell origin of this lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Immunoglobulin Variable Region / genetics. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20614267.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; 0 / Immunoglobulin Variable Region; 0 / MYC protein, human; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807524
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma / Immunoglobulin variable heavy chain hypermutation status / Plasmablastic lymphoma / c-myc gene rearrangement
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95. Powles T, Robinson D, Stebbing J, Shamash J, Nelson M, Gazzard B, Mandelia S, Møller H, Bower M: Highly active antiretroviral therapy and the incidence of non-AIDS-defining cancers in people with HIV infection. J Clin Oncol; 2009 Feb 20;27(6):884-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Highly active antiretroviral therapy and the incidence of non-AIDS-defining cancers in people with HIV infection.
  • PURPOSE: The effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the incidence of non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADCs) is unclear.
  • METHODS: We have investigated the occurrence of NADCs in a prospective cohort of 11,112 HIV-positive individuals, with 71,687 patient-years of follow-up.
  • We investigated the effect of calendar period, HIV parameters, and immunologic and treatment-related factors on the incidence of these cancers using univariate and multivariate analyses.
  • Multivariate analysis showed that use of HAART (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.64; 95% CI, 1.13 to 2.39) and a nadir CD4 count less than 200/microL (HR = 1.67; 95% CI, 1.10 to 2.54) were associated with an increased risk.
  • Only the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) were associated with a significantly increased risk of NADCs (HR = 1.45; 95% CI, 1.01 to 2.08).
  • Much of this association was attributable to an increased risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma with NNRTIs (HR = 2.20; 95% CI, 1.03 to 4.69).
  • A number of factors are associated with this increased risk, including HAART use.
  • There may be an association between the use of NNRTIs and the development of Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active / adverse effects. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Neoplasms / epidemiology


96. Nyagol J, De Falco G, Lazzi S, Luzzi A, Cerino G, Shaheen S, Palummo N, Bellan C, Spina D, Leoncini L: HIV-1 Tat mimetic of VEGF correlates with increased microvessels density in AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell and Burkitt lymphomas. J Hematop; 2008 Jul;1(1):3-10
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  • [Title] HIV-1 Tat mimetic of VEGF correlates with increased microvessels density in AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell and Burkitt lymphomas.
  • In some subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, higher local vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression correlates with increased microvessel density.
  • Several studies have indicated that VEGF receptors are also targeted by Tat protein from the HIV-1-infected cells.
  • We evaluated the role of HIV-1 Tat in regulating the level of VEGF expression and microvessel density in the AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell (DLBCL) and Burkitt lymphomas (BL).
  • Reduced VEGF protein expression in primary HIV-1 positive BL and DLBCL, compared to the negative cases, supported the findings of promoter downregulation from the cell lines.
  • Microvascular density assessed by CD34 expression was, however, higher in HIV-1 positive than in HIV-1 negative tumors.
  • Thus, targeting Tat protein itself and stabilizing transient silencing of VEGF expression or use of monoclonal antibodies against their receptors in the AIDS-associated tumors will open a window for future explorable pathways in the management of angiogenic phenotypes in the AIDS-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

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  • (PMID = 19669199.001).
  • [ISSN] 1868-9256
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hematopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hematop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2712328
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97. Grulich AE, van Leeuwen MT, Falster MO, Vajdic CM: Incidence of cancers in people with HIV/AIDS compared with immunosuppressed transplant recipients: a meta-analysis. Lancet; 2007 Jul 7;370(9581):59-67
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  • [Title] Incidence of cancers in people with HIV/AIDS compared with immunosuppressed transplant recipients: a meta-analysis.
  • BACKGROUND: Only a few types of cancer are recognised as being directly related to immune deficiency in people with HIV/AIDS.
  • Large population-based studies in transplant recipients have shown that a wider range of cancers could be associated with immune deficiency.
  • Our aim was to compare cancer incidence in population-based cohort studies of people with HIV/AIDS and people immunosuppressed after solid organ transplantation.
  • FINDINGS: Seven studies of people with HIV/AIDS (n=444,172) and five of transplant recipients (n=31 977) were included.
  • Most of these were cancers with a known infectious cause, including all three types of AIDS-defining cancer, all HPV-related cancers, as well as Hodgkin's lymphoma (HIV/AIDS meta-analysis SIR 11.03, 95% CI 8.43-14.4; transplant 3.89, 2.42-6.26), liver cancer (HIV/AIDS 5.22, 3.32-8.20; transplant 2.13, 1.16-3.91), and stomach cancer (HIV/AIDS 1.90, 1.53-2.36; transplant 2.04, 1.49-2.79).
  • Infection-related cancer will probably become an increasingly important complication of long-term HIV infection.


98. Mester B, Nieters A, Deeg E, Elsner G, Becker N, Seidler A: Occupation and malignant lymphoma: a population based case control study in Germany. Occup Environ Med; 2006 Jan;63(1):17-26
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  • [Title] Occupation and malignant lymphoma: a population based case control study in Germany.
  • AIMS: To identify occupations suspected to be associated with malignant lymphoma and to generate new hypotheses about occupational risks in a multicentre, population based case control study.
  • METHODS: Male and female patients with malignant lymphoma (n = 710) aged 18-80 years of age were prospectively recruited in six study regions in Germany.
  • For each newly recruited lymphoma case, a sex, region, and age matched control was drawn from the population registers.
  • Patients with specific lymphoma subentities were additionally compared with the entire control group using unconditional logistic regression analysis.
  • RESULTS: The following economic/industrial sectors were positively associated with lymphoma: food products, beverages, tobacco; paper products, publishing and printing; and metals.
  • Chemicals; real estate, renting, and business activities were negatively associated with lymphoma diagnosis.
  • The authors observed an increased overall lymphoma risk among architects; maids; farmers; glass formers; and construction workers.
  • Shoemaking and leather goods making was negatively associated with the lymphoma diagnosis (although based on small numbers).
  • In the occupational group analysis of lymphoma subentities, Hodgkin's lymphoma was significantly associated only with rubber and plastic products making; diffuse large B cell lymphoma risk was considerably increased among metal processors; follicular lymphoma showed highly significant risk increases for several occupational groups (medical, dental, and veterinary workers; sales workers; machinery fitters; and electrical fitters); and multiple myeloma showed a particularly pronounced risk increase for farmers as well as for agriculture and animal husbandry workers.
  • Occupational risk factors for follicular lymphomas might differ from the overall risk factors for malignant lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma / etiology. Occupational Diseases / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects. Epidemiologic Methods. Female. Germany / epidemiology. Humans. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / etiology. Male. Middle Aged. Mineral Fibers / toxicity. Occupational Exposure / adverse effects. Occupations. Pesticides / toxicity. Virus Diseases / complications. Virus Diseases / transmission

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  • (PMID = 16361401.001).
  • [ISSN] 1470-7926
  • [Journal-full-title] Occupational and environmental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Occup Environ Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mineral Fibers; 0 / Pesticides
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2078033
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99. Takahashi-Makise N, Suzu S, Hiyoshi M, Ohsugi T, Katano H, Umezawa K, Okada S: Biscoclaurine alkaloid cepharanthine inhibits the growth of primary effusion lymphoma in vitro and in vivo and induces apoptosis via suppression of the NF-kappaB pathway. Int J Cancer; 2009 Sep 15;125(6):1464-72
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  • [Title] Biscoclaurine alkaloid cepharanthine inhibits the growth of primary effusion lymphoma in vitro and in vivo and induces apoptosis via suppression of the NF-kappaB pathway.
  • Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a unique and recently identified non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that was originally identified in patients with AIDS.
  • PEL is caused by the Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpes virus (KSHV/HHV-8) and shows a peculiar presentation involving liquid growth in the serous body cavity and a poor prognosis.
  • We established a PEL animal model by intraperitoneal injection of BCBL-1, which led to the development of ascites and diffuse infiltration of organs, without obvious solid lymphoma formation, which resembles the diffuse nature of human PEL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / therapeutic use. Apoptosis / drug effects. Benzylisoquinolines / therapeutic use. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Lymphoma, Primary Effusion / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Primary Effusion / pathology. NF-kappa B / antagonists & inhibitors


100. Newton R, Carpenter L, Casabonne D, Beral V, Babiker A, Darbyshire J, Weller I, Weiss R, Kwan A, Bourboulia D, Munoz F, Lagos D, Boshoff C: A prospective study of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and Epstein-Barr virus in adults with human immunodeficiency virus-1. Br J Cancer; 2006 May 22;94(10):1504-9
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  • [Title] A prospective study of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus and Epstein-Barr virus in adults with human immunodeficiency virus-1.
  • Antibody titres against Kaposi's sarcoma associated herpesvirus (KSHV or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8)) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) were examined in people who subsequently developed Kaposi's sarcoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, within randomised controlled trials of antiretroviral therapy in adults infected with the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV).
  • For each case of Kaposi's sarcoma (n=189) and each case of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (n=67), which developed after randomisation, one control was randomly selected from other trial participants, after matching for age, sex, ethnicity, mode of HIV transmission, type of treatment received and period of follow-up.
  • Virtually, all cases and controls had anti-EBV antibodies detected and the OR for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma associated with a doubling of the anti-EBV antibody titre was estimated to increase by a multiplicative factor of 1.3 (95% CI 0.9-1.7, P=0.1).
  • Kaposi's sarcoma was not associated with antibody levels against EBV (P=0.4) and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma was not associated with antibodies against KSHV (latent P=0.3; lytic P=0.5).
  • In conclusion, among human immunodeficiency virus infected people, high levels of antibodies against KSHV latent and lytic antigens are strongly associated with subsequent risk of Kaposi's sarcoma but not non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Antibody titre to EBV does not appear to be strongly associated with subsequent risk of Kaposi's sarcoma or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in HIV infected people.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Viral / blood. HIV Infections / virology. HIV-1. Herpesvirus 4, Human / immunology. Herpesvirus 8, Human / immunology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / virology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. HIV Seronegativity. Humans. Male. Nuclear Proteins / immunology. Phosphoproteins / immunology. Prospective Studies. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 16705315.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0800168; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G8712499
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Viral; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / latent nuclear antigen (LNA)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2361279
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