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1. Oriol A, Ribera JM, Brunet S, del Potro E, Abella E, Esteve J: Highly active antiretroviral therapy and outcome of AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma or leukemia. Results of the PETHEMA-LAL3/97 study. Haematologica; 2005 Jul;90(7):990-2
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  • [Title] Highly active antiretroviral therapy and outcome of AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma or leukemia. Results of the PETHEMA-LAL3/97 study.
  • Short, intensive cycles of chemotherapy have resulted in improved survival in BurkittOs lymphoma/leukemia (BL) in adults.
  • The prognosis of patients with immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated BL is considered to be poor, but these patients have seldom been treated with BL-specific protocols.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Leukemia / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Adult. Aged. Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use. Cytarabine / therapeutic use. Dexamethasone / therapeutic use. Disease-Free Survival. Etoposide / therapeutic use. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ifosfamide / therapeutic use. Leucovorin / therapeutic use. Male. Methotrexate / therapeutic use. Middle Aged. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Treatment Outcome. Vincristine / therapeutic use


2. Lehmann C, Wyen C, Hoffmann C, Fätkenheuer G: Successful administration of aggressive chemotherapy concomitant to tuberculostatic and highly active antiretroviral therapy in a patient with AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma. HIV Med; 2005 Jan;6(1):51-3
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  • [Title] Successful administration of aggressive chemotherapy concomitant to tuberculostatic and highly active antiretroviral therapy in a patient with AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Treatment of AIDS-related malignant lymphoma (ARL) remains a therapeutic challenge.
  • We report the case of a 38-year-old man with advanced HIV-1 infection, pulmonary tuberculosis and Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Six months later, the patient achieved not only a complete remission of Burkitt's lymphoma and sustained viral suppression, but also a full recovery from tuberculosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / complications. AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / drug therapy. Adult. Humans. Male. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / complications. Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 15670254.001).
  • [ISSN] 1464-2662
  • [Journal-full-title] HIV medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] HIV Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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3. Guech-Ongey M, Simard EP, Anderson WF, Engels EA, Bhatia K, Devesa SS, Mbulaiteye SM: AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma in the United States: what do age and CD4 lymphocyte patterns tell us about etiology and/or biology? Blood; 2010 Dec 16;116(25):5600-4
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  • [Title] AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma in the United States: what do age and CD4 lymphocyte patterns tell us about etiology and/or biology?
  • Trimodal or bimodal age-specific incidence rates for Burkitt lymphoma (BL) were observed in the United States general population, but the role of immunosuppression could not be excluded.
  • Incidence rates, rate ratios, and 95% confidence intervals for BL and other non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), by age and CD4 lymphocyte count categories, were estimated using Poisson regression models using data from the United States HIV/AIDS Cancer Match study (1980-2005).
  • BL incidence was 22 cases per 100 000 person-years and 586 for non-BL NHL.
  • Adjusted BL incidence rate ratio among males was 1.6× that among females and among non-Hispanic blacks, 0.4× that among non-Hispanic whites, but unrelated to HIV-transmission category.
  • Non-BL NHL incidence increased from childhood to adulthood; in contrast, 2 age-specific incidence peaks during the pediatric and adult/geriatric years were observed for BL.
  • Non-BL NHL incidence rose steadily with decreasing CD4 lymphocyte counts; in contrast, BL incidence was lowest among people with ≤ 50 CD4 lymphocytes/μL versus those with ≥ 250 CD4 lymphocytes/μL (incidence rate ratio 0.3 [95% confidence interval = 0.2-0.6]).
  • The bimodal peaks for BL, in contrast to non-BL NHL, suggest effects of noncumulative risk factors at different ages.

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  • (PMID = 20813897.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / N01CO12400; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N02CP31003; United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3031406
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4. Corti M, Villafañe MF, Souto L, Schtirbu R, Narbaitz M, Soler Mde D: Burkitt's lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS. Rev Soc Bras Med Trop; 2007 May-Jun;40(3):338-40
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  • [Title] Burkitt's lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS.
  • Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of B-cell type is the second most common neoplasm after Kaposi's sarcoma, among patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.
  • Most non-Hodgkin's lymphoma cases that are associated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome involve extranodal sites, especially the digestive tract and the central nervous system.
  • We report a case of primary lymphoma of the duodenum in a patient with AIDS.
  • A complete diagnostic study including histological, immunohistochemical and virological analyses showed high-grade B-cell Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / diagnosis. Duodenal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17653472.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-8682
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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5. Kaaya EE, Castaños-Velez E, Ekman M, Mwakigonja A, Carneiro P, Lema L, Kitinya J, Linde A, Biberfeld P: AIDS and non AIDS-related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania. Afr Health Sci; 2006 Jun;6(2):69-75
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  • [Title] AIDS and non AIDS-related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania.
  • BACKGROUND: Malignant lymphoma (ML) in HIV patients, are second in frequency to Kaposi's sarcoma (AKS) as AIDS-defining tumors.
  • In Africa the frequency of AIDS-related lymphoma (ARL) is rare and the findings are controversial.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) lesions are now causally associated with KSHV/HHV-8 but whether African ARL shows this association is not clear.
  • Both retrospective and prospective lymphoma cases were classified according to the revised European-American (REAL) classification.
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and type of AIDS and non-AIDS related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania and a possible co-association with KSHV/HHV-8 and EBV.
  • The tumors were classified as Burkitt's (6), diffuse large cell (10), precursor-B lymphoblastic (1) and Hodgkin's disease (5) from HIV positive and negative patients.
  • Ten (40%) high grade ML and three Hodgkin's lymphoma from HIV patients had HHV-8 DNA.
  • These findings were not related to age, sex or type of lymphoma.
  • There was no association of HHV-8 with the lymphoma cells.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests an overall increased frequency of ML patients infected with HHV-8 in Tanzania particularly in HIV patients which may result from the well established high HHV-8 prevalence in the general population, but HHV-8 was not associated with ARL pathogenesis as reflected by lack of tumor cell infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma / epidemiology. Lymphoma / pathology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Burkitt Lymphoma / epidemiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Developing Countries. Female. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Herpesvirus 8, Human / isolation & purification. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Hodgkin Disease / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. In Situ Hybridization. Incidence. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / pathology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / virology. Survival Analysis. Tanzania / epidemiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 16916294.001).
  • [ISSN] 1729-0503
  • [Journal-full-title] African health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Afr Health Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Uganda
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1831982
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6. Singh AS, Dave DJ, Thanvi S, Atre DA, Parikh P, Patel NH: Fatal secondary pulmonary hypertension due to cardiac involvement in AIDS-associated Burkitt's lymphoma. Indian J Med Sci; 2006 Sep;60(9):380-4
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  • [Title] Fatal secondary pulmonary hypertension due to cardiac involvement in AIDS-associated Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Primary cardiac lymphomas are rare lesions in children with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
  • Most of them are high-grade Burkitt's or Burkitt-like lymphomas.
  • The clinical profile and operative and pathological findings of a 4-year-old boy with AIDS-associated Burkitt's lymphoma of the heart presenting with acute right heart failure and fatal secondary pulmonary hypertension is reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / complications. Heart Neoplasms / complications. Hypertension, Pulmonary / etiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications


7. Just PA, Fieschi C, Baillet G, Galicier L, Oksenhendler E, Moretti JL: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma. AIDS Patient Care STDS; 2008 Sep;22(9):695-700
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  • [Title] 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography in AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma.
  • This study aims to describe 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) findings in patients with AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma, at various times of treatment, and to define its utility for a better patient management.
  • We retrospectively studied 13 consecutive HIV-positive patients with Burkitt lymphoma who underwent one or more PET/CT.
  • Lymph node involvement, which is known to be uncommon in endemic or sporadic Burkitt lymphoma, was present in 54% of patients.
  • Additionally, in 3 patients, Burkitt lymphoma was predominantly located in parotid lymph nodes, which is also an unusual finding.
  • A negative scan was encountered in 3 of 10 patients imaged during treatment and in 1 of 4 patients imaged after treatment completion and was always associated with lasting complete remission.
  • Presence of residual area of uptake was related to both favorable and unfavorable outcome whether performed during treatment (5/7 and 2/7, respectively) or after (1/3 and 2/3, respectively).
  • Areas of increased uptake could be observed in lung (4 cases) or esophagus (3 cases), and were clinically related to pneumonia or esophagitis.
  • We recommend PET/CT for accurate initial staging of patients with AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma.
  • Furthermore, PET/CT appears to have prognostic value, as a negative scan was always associated with a favorable outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / diagnosis. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis. Radiopharmaceuticals

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  • (PMID = 18793085.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-7449
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS patient care and STDs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS Patient Care STDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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8. Magrath I: Lessons from clinical trials in African Burkitt lymphoma. Curr Opin Oncol; 2009 Sep;21(5):462-8
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  • [Title] Lessons from clinical trials in African Burkitt lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The center of gravity of the AIDS epidemic has moved - in 2007, 67% of all persons living with HIV infection and 72% of all deaths from AIDS occurred in Africa.
  • The present review focuses on the treatment of an AIDS-defining malignancy, Burkitt lymphoma, since the discovery of the tumor in 1958 to provide a backdrop to the increasing necessity of dealing with AIDS-associated Burkitt lymphoma in Africa.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: In Africa, it appears that AIDS-associated Burkitt lymphoma is increasing, but although treatment outcome is presently poor, the demonstration that highly active antiretroviral therapy permits the same treatment results to those in AIDS-unassociated Burkitt lymphoma provides hope for the future.
  • SUMMARY: In the 1960s, the extraordinary response of Burkitt lymphoma to chemotherapy provided considerable encouragement to pioneer oncologists.
  • Within little more than a decade, the most active drugs, the value of combination chemotherapy, and the need for intrathecal treatment, as well as the risk of tumor lysis syndrome had been demonstrated, providing a platform on which further advances could be made in resource-rich countries.
  • The impact of the HIV epidemic on the epidemiology and treatment of African Burkitt lymphoma will receive increasing focus in the coming years.
  • [MeSH-major] Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19620863.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 64
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9. Rochford R, Feuer G, Orem J, Banura C, Katongole-Mbidde E, Mwanda WO, Moormann A, Harrington WJ, Remick SC: Strategies to overcome myelotoxic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. East Afr Med J; 2005 Sep;82(9 Suppl):S155-60
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  • [Title] Strategies to overcome myelotoxic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Strategies to circumvent or lessen the myelotoxicity associated with combination chemotherapy may improve the overall outcome of the management of patients particularly in resource poor settings.
  • OBJECTIVES: To develop effective non-myelotoxic therapies for Burkitt's Lymphoma (BL) and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Myelotoxic death rates using multi-agent induction chemotherapy approach 25% for endemic Burkitt's lymphoma and range between 20% to 60% for AIDS-related malignancy.
  • Investigations and alternative approaches that lessen or circumvent myelotoxicity of traditional cytotoxic chemotherapy for the management of Burkitt's lymphoma and AIDS-related non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in the resource-constrained setting are warranted.
  • This can be achieved by developing targeted anti-viral and other strategies, such as the use of bryostatin 1 and vincristine, and by developing a preclinical mouse model to frame the clinical rationale for a pilot trial of metronomic therapy for the treatment of Burkitt's and AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Macrolides / therapeutic use. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16619692.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] East African medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] East Afr Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Kenya
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Bryostatins; 0 / Macrolides; 37O2X55Y9E / bryostatin 1; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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10. Suzuki K, Nakazato T, Sanada Y, Mihara A, Tachikawa N, Kurai H, Yoshimura Y, Hayashi H, Yoshida S, Kakimoto T: [Successful treatment with hyper-CVAD and highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) for AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2010 Mar;51(3):207-12
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  • [Title] [Successful treatment with hyper-CVAD and highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) for AIDS-related Burkitt lymphoma].
  • Colonoscopy was performed and histological examination of the colon tumor revealed Burkitt's lymphoma (BL).
  • In the HAART era, the survival of patients with AIDS-related diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLCL) improved dramatically, whereas the survival of similarly treated patients with AIDS-related BL remained poor.
  • Our case suggests that intensive chemotherapy with hyper-CVAD/MTX-Ara-C combined with HAART may be well tolerated and effective in AIDS-related BL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Colonic Neoplasms / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 20379116.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate; CVAD protocol; EPOCH protocol
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11. Lim ST, Karim R, Nathwani BN, Tulpule A, Espina B, Levine AM: AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma versus diffuse large-cell lymphoma in the pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and HAART eras: significant differences in survival with standard chemotherapy. J Clin Oncol; 2005 Jul 1;23(19):4430-8
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  • [Title] AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma versus diffuse large-cell lymphoma in the pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and HAART eras: significant differences in survival with standard chemotherapy.
  • PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of patients with HIV-Burkitt's lymphoma (HIV-BL) and HIV-diffuse large-cell lymphoma (HIV-DLCL) after treatment with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone) or M-BACOD (methotrexate, bleomycin, cyclophosphamide, etoposide) in pre-highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) versus HAART eras.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Three hundred sixty-three patients with AIDS-related lymphoma diagnosed from 1982 to 2003 were reviewed retrospectively, including 262 in the pre-HAART (HIV-BL, 117; HIV-DLCL, 145) and 101 in the HAART era (HIV-BL, 18; HIV-DLCL, 83).
  • RESULTS: There were no significant differences between groups in terms of age, sex, history of injection drug use, prior AIDS, lactate dehydrogenase level, and disease stage at diagnosis.
  • Compared with HIV-BL, HIV-DLCL was associated with significantly lower CD4 counts in the pre-HAART but not the HAART era.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active. Bleomycin / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / mortality. Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use. Dexamethasone / therapeutic use. Doxorubicin / therapeutic use. Leucovorin / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / mortality. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / mortality. Methotrexate / therapeutic use. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2005 Nov 20;23(33):8538-40; author reply 8540-1 [16293885.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2005 Nov 1;23(31):8132-3; author reply 8133-4 [16258119.001]
  • (PMID = 15883411.001).
  • [ISSN] 0732-183X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 11056-06-7 / Bleomycin; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate; CHOP protocol; M-BACOD protocol
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12. Giacinti C, Giordano A: RB and cell cycle progression. Oncogene; 2006 Aug 28;25(38):5220-7
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  • [Title] RB and cell cycle progression.
  • The Rb protein is a tumor suppressor, which plays a pivotal role in the negative control of the cell cycle and in tumor progression.
  • It has been shown that Rb protein (pRb) is responsible for a major G1 checkpoint, blocking S-phase entry and cell growth.
  • Loss of pRb functions may induce cell cycle deregulation and so lead to a malignant phenotype.
  • Functional inactivation of pRb by viral oncoprotein binding is also shown in many neoplasias such as cervical cancer, mesothelioma and AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Cycle / genetics. Retinoblastoma Protein / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Division / genetics. Chromosome Mapping. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Humans. Transcription, Genetic. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16936740.001).
  • [ISSN] 0950-9232
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncogene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncogene
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Retinoblastoma Protein; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 86
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13. Freudenberg S, Palma P, Grobholz R, Ngendahayo L, Post S: HIV-related and Epstein-Barr virus-associated anal Burkitt's lymphoma: report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum; 2005 Aug;48(8):1656-9
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  • [Title] HIV-related and Epstein-Barr virus-associated anal Burkitt's lymphoma: report of a case.
  • PURPOSE: This article describes and discusses primary Burkitt's lymphoma of the anus which is an extremely rare site of origin.
  • Histopathology and immunohistology provided evidence of an Epstein-Barr virus-associated Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Because of the AIDS epidemic and the increase of anal malignant pathologies, anal Burkitt's lymphoma may appear more frequently.
  • Adequate treatment is available for only a small percentage of patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Burkitt Lymphoma / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colostomy. Fatal Outcome. HIV Seropositivity / diagnosis. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Humans. Male. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16034658.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Mosthaf FA, Hanhoff NJ, Goetzenich A, Wolf E, Knechten H: [High incidence of non-AIDS-defined cancers among HIV-infected patients in Germany. A 3-year nationwide review]. Dtsch Med Wochenschr; 2006 Aug 25;131(34-35):1849-52
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  • [Title] [High incidence of non-AIDS-defined cancers among HIV-infected patients in Germany. A 3-year nationwide review].
  • [Transliterated title] Hohe Inzidenz nicht AIDS-definierender Neoplasien bei HIV-infizierten Patienten in Deutschland. Ein 3-jähriger bundesweiter Uberblick.
  • OBJECTIVE: It was the main aim of this study to obtain data on the epidemiology of AIDS- and not AIDS-defined malignancies in HIV-positive persons, the results to provide an epidemiological overview and to be the basis for further research initiatives.
  • Additionally it sought to gain an impression of the realities of treatment of patients with HIV-associated malignant tumors in Germany.
  • The data were collected on all AIDS- and not-AIDS-defined haematological malignancies and all AIDS- and not-AIDS-defined solid malignant tumors in HIV-positive patients, as well as on time of diagnosis of the malignancy, tumor stage, tumor treatment and response to treatment.
  • 180 malignant neoplasms (47%) were AIDS-defined: 89 Kaposi's sarcomas, 82 aggressive B-cell lymphomas and 9 invasive cervical carcinomas.
  • The aggressive B-cell lymphomas consisted of 19 cases of Burkitt's lymphoma, 8 of Castleman's disease and 12 of primary cerebral malignant lymphoma.
  • Of the 200 (52.6%) not-AIDS-defined malignant tumors 133 were 133 solid tumors, 40 of them anal carcinoma (20% of all not-AIDS-defined malignancies) and 67 haematological malignancies, 22 of these Hodgkin's lymphoma (11.0% of all not-AIDS-defined malignancies).
  • The incidence of anal carcinoma is estimated to be 34 (95% CI 24-470) per 100 000 patient-years, that of Hodgkin's lymphoma 19 (95% CI 12-28) per 100 000 patient-years.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that over a period of 3 years there was a very high incidence of not-AIDS-defined malignancies.
  • Of special note is the high incidence of anal carcinoma and Hodgkin's lymphoma, compared with their incidence among the entire German population.


15. Montoto S, Wilson J, Shaw K, Heath M, Wilson A, McNamara C, Orkin C, Nelson M, Johnson M, Bower M, Cwynarski K: Excellent immunological recovery following CODOX-M/IVAC, an effective intensive chemotherapy for HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphoma. AIDS; 2010 Mar 27;24(6):851-6
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  • [Title] Excellent immunological recovery following CODOX-M/IVAC, an effective intensive chemotherapy for HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: : To retrospectively describe the recovery of cellular immunity and the clinical outcome of 30 patients with HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphoma (HIV-BL), who were treated with the intensive chemotherapy CODOX-M/IVAC and HAART as part of their standard care.
  • The median CD4 cell count at diagnosis of HIV-BL was 171/ml (range: 4-848) and the plasma HIV viral load was undetectable in five of 29 patients.
  • Viral load was undetectable in 88% and CD4 cell count more than 200/ml in 58% of patients assessed 6 months after completing chemotherapy, and in 87 and 80% at 12 months, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: : The intensive regimen CODOX-M/IVAC, a feasible and effective chemotherapy, is associated with an excellent immunological recovery in patients with HIV-BL on HAART.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy


16. Levine AM: Management of AIDS-related lymphoma. Curr Opin Oncol; 2008 Sep;20(5):522-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Management of AIDS-related lymphoma.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy, the epidemiology of AIDS-lymphoma has changed, and prognosis has improved.
  • Although the incidence of AIDS-lymphoma has decreased, the incidence of HIV-associated Hodgkin's lymphoma has increased; mechanisms for these changes in epidemiology will be discussed.
  • The use of rituximab, while initially controversial because of reports of increased risk of infectious death, is associated with improved outcome; the increased risk of infectious death has not been confirmed.
  • The infusional etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin regimen is associated with excellent results.
  • High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplant is associated with long-term, disease-free survival in approximately 50-80% of patients with relapsed/refractory AIDS-lymphoma.
  • Addition of rituximab is associated with improved response rates, without an increase in infections.
  • Infusional etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin is associated with excellent results among patients with either diffuse large B cell lymphoma or Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Optimal therapy for patients with HIV-Hodgkin's lymphoma has not yet been defined.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19106654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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17. Rastogi MV, Desai N, Quintos JB: Non-islet-cell tumor hypoglycemia and lactic acidosis in a child with congenital HIV and Burkitt's lymphoma. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab; 2008 Aug;21(8):805-10
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  • [Title] Non-islet-cell tumor hypoglycemia and lactic acidosis in a child with congenital HIV and Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Non-islet-cell tumor hypoglycemia (NICTH) is a rare cause of hypoglycemia associated with tumors of mesenchymal, epithelial, or hematopoietic origin.
  • Lactic acidosis is likewise an uncommon complication of hematological malignancy associated mainly with leukemia and lymphoma.
  • We report a child with congenital HIV and AIDS who developed Burkitt's lymphoma, lactic acidosis and NICTH.
  • PATIENT: An 11 year-old boy with AIDS, cerebral palsy and seizure disorder presented with intractable hypoglycemia 12 days after diagnosis of Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSION: We present a case of lactic acidosis and NICTH in an 11 year-old boy with AIDS and Burkitts's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Acidosis, Lactic / complications. Acidosis, Lactic / diagnosis. Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / complications. Burkitt Lymphoma / complications. Hypoglycemia / complications. Hypoglycemia / diagnosis


18. Cerimele F, Battle T, Lynch R, Frank DA, Murad E, Cohen C, Macaron N, Sixbey J, Smith K, Watnick RS, Eliopoulos A, Shehata B, Arbiser JL: Reactive oxygen signaling and MAPK activation distinguish Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-positive versus EBV-negative Burkitt's lymphoma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 2005 Jan 4;102(1):175-9
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  • [Title] Reactive oxygen signaling and MAPK activation distinguish Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV)-positive versus EBV-negative Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an aggressive B cell neoplasm, which is one of the most common neoplasms of childhood.
  • It is highly widespread in East Africa, where it appears in endemic form associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, and around the world in a sporadic form in which EBV infection is much less common.
  • In addition to being the first human neoplasm to be associated with EBV, BL is associated with a characteristic translocation, in which the Ig promoter is translocated to constitutively activate the c-myc oncogene.
  • Elevated reactive oxygen may play a role in diverse forms of viral carcinogenesis in humans, including cancers caused by EBV, hepatitis B, C, and human T cell lymphotropic virus.

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  • (PMID = 15611471.001).
  • [ISSN] 0027-8424
  • [Journal-full-title] Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / P30 AR042687; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR047901; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / P30 AR 42687; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / R01 AR 47901
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / EBNA-2 protein, Human herpesvirus 4; 0 / Epstein-Barr Virus Nuclear Antigens; 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Reactive Oxygen Species; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / Viral Proteins; EC 2.7.11.24 / Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC544042
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19. Asito AS, Piriou E, Odada PS, Fiore N, Middeldorp JM, Long C, Dutta S, Lanar DE, Jura WG, Ouma C, Otieno JA, Moormann AM, Rochford R: Elevated anti-Zta IgG levels and EBV viral load are associated with site of tumor presentation in endemic Burkitt's lymphoma patients: a case control study. Infect Agent Cancer; 2010;5:13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Elevated anti-Zta IgG levels and EBV viral load are associated with site of tumor presentation in endemic Burkitt's lymphoma patients: a case control study.
  • BACKGROUND: Endemic Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an extranodal tumor appearing predominantly in the jaw in younger children while abdominal tumors predominate with increasing age.

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  • (PMID = 20667138.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-9378
  • [Journal-full-title] Infectious agents and cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Agents Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA102667
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2923120
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20. Bolarinwa RA, Ndakotsu MA, Oyekunle AA, Salawu L, Akinola NO, Durosinmi MA: AIDS-related lymphomas in Nigeria. Braz J Infect Dis; 2009 Oct;13(5):359-61
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  • [Title] AIDS-related lymphomas in Nigeria.
  • Aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), including primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma, lymphoblastic lymphoma and non-endemic Burkitt's lymphoma have been recognized as AIDS-defining cancers in most developed countries.
  • However, HIV/AIDS epidemics appear not to have been associated with higher incidence of lymphomas in Africa.
  • We therefore carried out this study to highlight the significance or otherwise of HIV/AIDS epidemics in the pathogenesis of lymphomas in a population of Nigerians with the disease.
  • Patients with a histological diagnosis of malignant chronic lymphoproliferative diseases {non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL)} at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals' Complex, Ile-Ife from January 1993 to August 2008 were noted.
  • Those patients confirmed to be HIV/AIDS positive among the cohort with lymphomas were retrospectively studied using their clinical case notes.
  • A total of 391 patients were histologically confirmed to have lymphoma {NHL-109, (27.9%); CLL-76, (19.4%); BL-178, (45.5%) and HL-28, (7.2%)} during the study period.
  • The prevalence of AIDS-related lymphomas is 2.3% compared to 4.4% found in the general population.
  • However, it is interesting that no single case of AIDS-associated BL was seen, despite the fact that Burkitt's lymphoma is endemic in this part of the world.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20428636.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4391
  • [Journal-full-title] The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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21. Epeldegui M, Breen EC, Hung YP, Boscardin WJ, Detels R, Martínez-Maza O: Elevated expression of activation induced cytidine deaminase in peripheral blood mononuclear cells precedes AIDS-NHL diagnosis. AIDS; 2007 Nov 12;21(17):2265-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Elevated expression of activation induced cytidine deaminase in peripheral blood mononuclear cells precedes AIDS-NHL diagnosis.
  • Non-Hodgkin's B cell lymphoma (NHL) is a common cancer in HIV infection.
  • Since NHL is a common cancer in HIV infection, and expression of AID could contribute to the development of NHL, we hypothesized that AID expression would be elevated in those who went on to develop AIDS-associated NHL (AIDS-NHL).
  • AID mRNA levels were measured by TaqMan RT-PCR in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, obtained prior to AIDS-NHL diagnosis, from 16 HIV-infected subjects who developed AIDS-NHL, and from control subjects (AIDS but no NHL, and HIV-negative subjects).
  • PBMC AID expression was markedly elevated in those who developed AIDS-NHL, when compared to AIDS and HIV-negative controls.
  • Additionally, AID expression was seen to differ depending on NHL subtype, with the highest levels of expression seen in those who developed Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / enzymology. Cytidine Deaminase / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Viral. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / enzymology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. California. Case-Control Studies. Cell Transformation, Viral. Cohort Studies. Enzyme Induction. Humans. Lymphocyte Activation. Male. RNA, Viral / blood. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Statistics, Nonparametric

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  • (PMID = 18090274.001).
  • [ISSN] 0269-9370
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI28697; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA57152; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA73475; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA96888
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Viral; EC 3.5.4.5 / Cytidine Deaminase
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22. Hassan A, Kreisel F, Gardner L, Lewis JS Jr, El-Mofty SK: Plasmablastic lymphoma of head and neck: report of two new cases and correlation with c-myc and IgVH gene mutation status. Head Neck Pathol; 2007 Dec;1(2):150-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Plasmablastic lymphoma of head and neck: report of two new cases and correlation with c-myc and IgVH gene mutation status.
  • Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (AIDS-NHL), with predilection for the mucosa of oral cavity.
  • It usually has a plasmablastic morphology, expressing plasma cell-associated antigens with weak or absent expression of B-cell-associated markers.
  • For the first time we report a case of AIDS-related PBL that, by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), shows a c-myc gene rearrangement.
  • Although current literature suggests that most cases of c-myc gene rearranged AIDS-NHL are Burkitt's lymphoma, our case has an immunophenotype characteristic for PBL.
  • The concurrent B-cell immunophenotype of BCL-6(-)/CD138(+)/MUM-1(+) also suggests a post-germinal center B-cell origin of this lymphoma.
  • The immunophenotype of our second case (BCL-6(-)/CD138(+)/MUM-1(+)) also suggests a post-germinal center B-cell origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Immunoglobulin Variable Region / genetics. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Immunoblastic / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc / genetics

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  • [Cites] Leuk Lymphoma. 2005 Jan;46(1):77-81 [15621784.001]
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  • (PMID = 20614267.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; 0 / Immunoglobulin Variable Region; 0 / MYC protein, human; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807524
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma / Immunoglobulin variable heavy chain hypermutation status / Plasmablastic lymphoma / c-myc gene rearrangement
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23. Nogueira MV, Vidal L, Terra B, Pagot T, Salluh JI, Soares M: Hemophagocytic syndrome associated with cytomegalovirus infection in a severely immunocompromised AIDS patient: case report. Braz J Infect Dis; 2009 Feb;13(1):72-3
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  • [Title] Hemophagocytic syndrome associated with cytomegalovirus infection in a severely immunocompromised AIDS patient: case report.
  • Hemophagocytic syndrome is a clinical condition characterized by the infiltration of the bone marrow and reticuloendothelial system by macrophages and activated histiocytes, leading to uncontrolled phagocytosis of platelets, erythrocytes, lymphocytes and precursor cells.
  • This syndrome is classified as familial or acquired; the latter is more frequent and is associated with diverse conditions, such as infections, malignancies and rheumatic diseases.
  • We report a case of HLH associated with cytomegalovirus infection in a patient with acquired-immunodeficiency syndrome and Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis. Cytomegalovirus Infections / diagnosis. Immunocompromised Host. Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Burkitt Lymphoma / complications. Humans. Male. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 19578635.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4391
  • [Journal-full-title] The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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24. Hishima T, Oyaizu N, Fujii T, Tachikawa N, Ajisawa A, Negishi M, Nakamura T, Iwamoto A, Hayashi Y, Matsubara D, Sasao Y, Kimura S, Kikuchi Y, Teruya K, Yasuoka A, Oka S, Saito K, Mori S, Funata N, Sata T, Katano H: Decrease in Epstein-Barr virus-positive AIDS-related lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy. Microbes Infect; 2006 Apr;8(5):1301-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Decrease in Epstein-Barr virus-positive AIDS-related lymphoma in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • Recent introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is reported to have reduced the incidence of lymphoma among HIV-infected individuals.
  • A clinicopathological study was performed on 86 AIDS-related lymphoma patients who were treated in Tokyo area from 1987 to 2005.
  • The incidence of lymphoma detected by autopsy was 27% (53 cases/198 autopsies).
  • Diffuse large B cell lymphoma was the most predominant histological subtype throughout the period (78%).
  • Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) increased from 2% in the pre-HAART era (before end-1997) to 13% in the HAART era, whereas incidence of BL did not vary between HAART users and non-users.
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive lymphoma decreased from 88% in the pre-HAART era to 58% in the HAART era, but did not differ significantly between HAART users (73%) and non-users (74%).
  • Nodal involvement of lymphoma increased from 14% in the pre-HAART era to 50% in the HAART era; however, central nervous system involvement decreased from 62 to 38%.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus infection was rare (4%) among all cases.
  • These data suggest that HAART might play a partial role in these changes, and the alteration in immunological backgrounds, such as EBV prevalence, is suggested as another leading cause of these changes in Japanese AIDS-related lymphoma.

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  • (PMID = 16697236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1286-4579
  • [Journal-full-title] Microbes and infection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microbes Infect.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] France
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25. Chao C, Xu L, Abrams D, Leyden W, Horberg M, Towner W, Klein D, Tang B, Silverberg M: Survival of non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients with and without HIV infection in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy. AIDS; 2010 Jul 17;24(11):1765-70
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  • [Title] Survival of non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients with and without HIV infection in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the survival outcomes for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in HIV-infected vs. uninfected patients from the same integrated healthcare system, and to identify prognostic factors for HIV-related NHL in the era of combined antiretroviral therapy.
  • Two-year all-cause and lymphoma-specific mortality by HIV status were examined using multivariable Poisson regression.
  • Among HIV-infected patients, prognostic factors of demographics, lymphoma, and HIV-related characteristics for the same outcomes were also examined.
  • Fifty-nine percent of HIV-infected patients died within 2 years after NHL diagnosis as compared with 30% of HIV-uninfected patients.
  • HIV status was independently associated with a doubling of 2-year all-cause mortality (relative risk = 2.0, 95% confidence interval 1.7-2.3).
  • This elevated mortality risk for HIV-infected patients was similar for all race groups, lymphoma stages, and histologic subtypes.
  • HIV-infected patients with CD4 cell count below 200 cells/microl, prior AIDS-defining illness, or both were also at increased risk for lymphoma-specific mortality as compared with HIV-uninfected patients.
  • Among HIV-infected NHL patients, significant prognostic factors for overall mortality included prior AIDS-defining illness and Burkitt's subtype.
  • Better management and therapeutic approaches to extend survival time for HIV-related NHL are needed.

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  • (PMID = 20453630.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5571
  • [Journal-full-title] AIDS (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AIDS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA134234-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI071725-01A1; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K01 AI071725; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA134234-01; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K01 AI071725-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA134234; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K01AI071725; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA134234
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS198983; NLM/ PMC2895006
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26. De Paoli P: Novel virally targeted therapies of EBV-associated tumors. Curr Cancer Drug Targets; 2008 Nov;8(7):591-6
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  • [Title] Novel virally targeted therapies of EBV-associated tumors.
  • EBV is associated to the development of several malignancies of lymphoid and epithelial origin, including Burkitt's Lymphoma, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders, Hodgkin's disease, AIDS-associated lymphomas, NK/T cell lymphoma and Nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
  • EBV genes play an essential role in the development of the malignant phenotype and therefore molecules interfering with the function of these genes may represent an essential tool to treat EBV-associated malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 18991568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5576
  • [Journal-full-title] Current cancer drug targets
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Cancer Drug Targets
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 122
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27. Lubega J: T-helper 1 versus T-helper 2 lymphocyte immunodysregulation is the central factor in genesis of Burkitt lymphoma: hypothesis. Infect Agent Cancer; 2007;2:10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] T-helper 1 versus T-helper 2 lymphocyte immunodysregulation is the central factor in genesis of Burkitt lymphoma: hypothesis.
  • BACKGROUND: The HIV epidemic has challenged our previous understanding of endemic Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Despite the strong association of Burkitt's lymphoma and HIV infection in the Developed world, and against previous postulations that the cancer is due to immunosupression among African children, the HIV epidemic in the Malaria belt has not been associated with a corresponding increase in incidence of childhood Burkitt's lymphoma.
  • Even outside the context of HIV infection, there is substantial evidence for a strong but skewed immune response towards a TH2 response in genesis of Burkitt lymphoma.
  • PRESENTATION OF THE HYPOTHESIS: Rather than a global and/or profound immunosupression, the final common pathway in genesis of Burkitt's lymphoma is the dysregulation of the immune response towards a TH2 response dominated by B-lymphocytes, and the concomitant suppression of the TH1 cell-mediated immune surveillance, driven by various viral/parasitic/bacterial infections.
  • TESTING THE HYPOTHESIS: Case control studies comparing TH2 and TH1 immune responses in Burkitt lymphoma of different etiological types (sporadic, HIV-related, endemic and post-transplant) to demonstrate significant dominance of TH2 immune response in presence of poor CMI response as a common factor.
  • Immunological profiling to evaluate differences between immune states that are associated (such as recurrent Malaria infection) and those that are not associated (such as severe protein-energy malnutrition) with Burkitt lymphoma.
  • Prospective cohorts profiling chronology of immunological events leading to Burkitt lymphoma in children with EBV infection.
  • IMPLICATIONS OF THE HYPOTHESIS: The dysregulation of the immune response may be the missing link in our understanding of Burkitt lymphomagenesis.

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  • (PMID = 17509139.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-9378
  • [Journal-full-title] Infectious agents and cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infect. Agents Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1884132
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28. Sánchez-Peña P, Romero-Guadarrama MB, Aguirre-García J: Diseases associated with HIV infection: study of biopsies and surgical resection specimens at a large general hospital in Mexico City. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2009 Jun;13(3):162-7
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  • [Title] Diseases associated with HIV infection: study of biopsies and surgical resection specimens at a large general hospital in Mexico City.
  • The objective of this study was to analyze the type of diseases associated with HIV infection from a survey of the surgical pathology material accessioned at a large general hospital in Mexico City.
  • From the archives of the pathology unit of the General Hospital of Mexico (Ministry of Health), we compiled data on biopsies and surgical specimen from different organs and tissues of HIV-infected patients (HIV/AIDS) received in the period from January 2005 to July 2008.
  • The most frequent diagnoses were non-Hodgkin's large B-cell lymphoma in 11 cases (21.12%) and its morphological variants, 8 reactive lymphadenopathy cases (15.38%), 5 atypical mycobacterioses (9.61%), 2 nonspecific granulomatous lesions (3.84%), 2 Burkitt's lymphoma (3.84%), 3 Kaposi sarcoma (5.76%), 1 mixed cellularity Hodgkin's lymphoma (1.92%), 1 Kaposiform hemangioendothelioma (1.92%), and 1 with infection by cytomegalovirus + cryptosporidiosis in the duodenum (1.92%).
  • In this series, the most affected organ in patients with HIV/AIDS was the lymphatic nodes.
  • The most common neoplasm was the non-Hodgkin's lymphoma followed by Kaposi sarcoma.

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  • (PMID = 19433294.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Spina M, Gloghini A, Tirelli U, Carbone A: Therapeutic options for HIV-associated lymphomas. Expert Opin Pharmacother; 2010 Oct;11(15):2471-81
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  • [Title] Therapeutic options for HIV-associated lymphomas.
  • IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD: The clinical features and natural history of HIV-associated lymphomas differ greatly from those observed in the general population.
  • AREAS COVERED IN THIS REVIEW: This review summarizes reports from 1995 to the present which focus on the treatment strategies and their prognostic relevance in the setting of HIV-associated lymphomas.
  • WHAT THE READER WILL GAIN: The identification of prognostic factors in rare tumors such as HIV-associated lymphomas is going to require the establishment of multi-institutional and cooperative group-supported tissue banks.
  • TAKE HOME MESSAGE: HIV-associated lymphomas still represent a relevant field of clinical research.
  • However, rituximab plus chemotherapy should be offered to the majority of patients with HIV infection and diffuse large B-cell lymphomas; and the feasibility of intensive aggressive chemotherapy regimens has been successfully tested in HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. HIV Infections / drug therapy. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active / trends. Boronic Acids / therapeutic use. Bortezomib. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / drug therapy. Humans. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / complications. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / drug therapy. Pyrazines / therapeutic use. Rituximab. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20726820.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-7666
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Opin Pharmacother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Boronic Acids; 0 / Pyrazines; 0 / ofatumumab; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 69G8BD63PP / Bortezomib
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30. Northup JK, Gadre SA, Ge Y, Lockhart LH, Velagaleti GV: Do cytogenetic abnormalities precede morphologic abnormalities in a developing malignant condition? Eur J Haematol; 2007 Feb;78(2):152-6
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  • The first case is that of a lymph node sample from a 40-yr-old non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patient sent for determination of disease progress.
  • Cytogenetic studies of lymph node showed multiple clonal abnormalities, most notably a der(18) from a t(14;18) which is associated with high-grade NHL.
  • After two cycles of chemotherapy with fludarabine, the patient did not show any clinical response, suggesting possible progression to high-grade lymphoma.
  • The second case is of a patient with a history of human immunodeficiency virus and blastic natural killer leukemia/lymphoma.
  • Hematologic studies of ascitic fluid classified the patient as having pleural effusion lymphoma whereas bone marrow analysis showed no malignancy.
  • Bone marrow cytogenetic studies showed multiple clonal abnormalities including a t(8;14), which is commonly associated with Burkitt's lymphoma (BL).
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case wherein a morphologically normal bone marrow showed presence of clonal abnormalities consistent with BL or Pleural effusion lymphoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / genetics. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / genetics. Lymphoma, Follicular / genetics. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 17313561.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; FA2DM6879K / Vidarabine; P2K93U8740 / fludarabine; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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31. Lan K, Verma SC, Murakami M, Bajaj B, Robertson ES: Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV): infection, propagation, quantitation, and storage. Curr Protoc Microbiol; 2007 Aug;Chapter 14:Unit 14E.2
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  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) was first reported as the etiological agent of Burkitt's lymphoma in 1964.
  • Since then, EBV has also been associated with nasopharyngeal carcinoma, which is highly prevalent in Southeast Asia, as well as infectious mononucleosis, complications of AIDS, and transplant-related B cell lymphomas.
  • This virus has further been linked with T cell lymphomas and Hodgkin's disease, establishing the concept of a wide spectrum of EBV-associated malignant disorders.
  • So far, there are a number of EBV-infected cell lines established that can be induced for production of infectious viral progeny and that facilitate the study of the mechanism of EBV-related infection, transformation, and oncogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / virology. Cell Transformation, Viral. Epithelial Cells / virology. Herpesvirus 4, Human. Virology / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Line. Cells, Cultured. Culture Media. Humans. Mice. Specimen Handling / methods

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  • (PMID = 18770612.001).
  • [ISSN] 1934-8533
  • [Journal-full-title] Current protocols in microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Protoc Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Culture Media
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32. Marimo C: Epidemiology of oral Kaposi's sarcoma in Zimbabwe 1988-1997: a population-based study. Cent Afr J Med; 2008 Jan-Apr;54(1-4):15-9
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  • OBJECTIVE: Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest number of HIV/AIDS cases globally which contrasts with the lack of population-based studies of oral Kaposi's sarcoma (OKS); one of the clinical cardinal signs of HIV/AIDS.
  • To date, no study has investigated the incidence of OKS in African populations affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.
  • Histology of the primary (64.5%) and clinical diagnosis (34.6%) were the predominant methods of diagnosis.
  • The age adjusted age standardized incidence rate (ASIR) of OKS exponentially increased the entire study period bypassing oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) as the predominant oral malignancy in 1994.
  • Among AIDS-associated malignancies, OKS accounted for 98% while the balance comprised Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's and Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, haemangiosarcoma and lymphoma not specified.
  • These findings are attributable to the high human immunodeficiency virus infection (HIV) rates recorded for
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 21644423.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-9176
  • [Journal-full-title] The Central African journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cent Afr J Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Zimbabwe
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33. Lan K, Murakami M, Bajaj B, Kaul R, He Z, Gan R, Feldman M, Robertson ES: Inhibition of KSHV-infected primary effusion lymphomas in NOD/SCID mice by gamma-secretase inhibitor. Cancer Biol Ther; 2009 Nov;8(22):2136-43
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  • Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a common cancer in AIDS patients closely associated with Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV).
  • Previously, we showed that KSHV latency associated nuclear antigen (LANA) stabilizes intracellular activated Notch1 (ICN) involved in maintenance of the malignant phenotype of KSHV infected PEL cells in vitro.
  • The gamma-secretase inhibitor (GSI) which specifically blocks the production of ICN slows down the proliferation of the KSHV infected PEL cell lines BCBL1, BC3 as well as JSC1 in vitro.
  • We observed that the onset of tumorigenesis of KSHV infected PELs was significantly delayed in GSI treated SCID mice harboring the PEL cell lines.
  • We also found that GSI treatment resulted in necrosis as well as apoptosis in tumors generated by the xenotransplanted KSHV positive PEL cell lines.
  • In contrast, GSI had no effect on mice harboring BJAB cells, a KSHV negative Burkitt's lymphoma cell line where ICN levels were negligible.
  • Our study provides further evidence to suggest that targeted downregulation of abnormal Notch signaling has therapeutic potential for KSHV related primary effusion lymphomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases / antagonists & inhibitors. Dipeptides / therapeutic use. Herpesviridae Infections. Herpesvirus 8, Human / pathogenicity. Lymphoma, Primary Effusion / drug therapy. Neoplasm Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors. Receptor, Notch1 / antagonists & inhibitors. Tumor Virus Infections
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antigens, Viral / physiology. Apoptosis. Burkitt Lymphoma / pathology. Cell Line, Tumor / transplantation. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Herpesvirus 4, Human / pathogenicity. Mice. Mice, Inbred NOD. Mice, SCID. Necrosis. Nuclear Proteins / physiology. Random Allocation. Signal Transduction / drug effects. Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms. Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

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  • [CommentIn] Cancer Biol Ther. 2009 Nov;8(22):2144-6 [20068386.001]
  • (PMID = 19783901.001).
  • [ISSN] 1555-8576
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer biology & therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Biol. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / PHS HHS / / A1067037; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA091792; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA108461; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE017338
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Viral; 0 / Dipeptides; 0 / N-(N-(3,5-difluorophenacetyl)alanyl)phenylglycine tert-butyl ester; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Notch1 protein, mouse; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Receptor, Notch1; 0 / latency-associated nuclear antigen; EC 3.4.- / Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases
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34. Mwakigonja AR, Kaaya EE, Mgaya EM: Malignant lymphomas (ML) and HIV infection in Tanzania. J Exp Clin Cancer Res; 2008;27:9
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  • BACKGROUND: HIV infection is reported to be associated with some malignant lymphomas (ML) so called AIDS-related lymphomas (ARL), with an aggressive behavior and poor prognosis.
  • The ML frequency, pathogenicity, clinical patterns and possible association with AIDS in Tanzania, are not well documented impeding the development of preventive and therapeutic strategies.
  • METHODS: Sections of 176 archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsies of ML patients at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH)/Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences (MUHAS), Tanzania from 1996-2001 were stained for hematoxylin and eosin and selected (70) cases for expression of pan-leucocytic (CD45), B-cell (CD20), T-cell (CD3), Hodgkin/RS cell (CD30), histiocyte (CD68) and proliferation (Ki-67) antigen markers.
  • RESULTS: The proportion of ML out of all diagnosed tumors at MNH during the 6 year period was 4.2% (176/4200) comprising 77.84% non-Hodgkin (NHL) including 19.32% Burkitt's (BL) and 22.16% Hodgkin's disease (HD).
  • Supra-diaphragmatic presentation was commonest and histological sub-types were mostly aggressive B-cell lymphomas however, no clear cases of primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) were diagnosed.
  • CONCLUSION: Malignant lymphomas apparently, increased significantly among diagnosed tumors at MNH between 1996 and 2001, predominantly among the young, HIV infected and AIDS patients.
  • The frequent aggressive clinical and histological presentation as well as the dominant B-immunophenotype and the HIV serology indicate a pathogenic association with AIDS.
  • Therefore, routine HIV screening of all malignant lymphoma patients at MNH is necessary to enable comprehensive ARL diagnosis and formulation of preventive and therapeutic protocols.
  • [MeSH-major] HIV Infections / complications. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Burkitt Lymphoma / epidemiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / etiology. Burkitt Lymphoma / virology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. HIV Seropositivity. Hodgkin Disease / epidemiology. Hodgkin Disease / etiology. Hodgkin Disease / virology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / etiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / virology. Male. Middle Aged. Tanzania / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18577266.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-9966
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research : CR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Exp. Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2438337
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35. Xia T, O'Hara A, Araujo I, Barreto J, Carvalho E, Sapucaia JB, Ramos JC, Luz E, Pedroso C, Manrique M, Toomey NL, Brites C, Dittmer DP, Harrington WJ Jr: EBV microRNAs in primary lymphomas and targeting of CXCL-11 by ebv-mir-BHRF1-3. Cancer Res; 2008 Mar 1;68(5):1436-42
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  • The expression pattern of these miRNAs in clinical samples of EBV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas is unknown.
  • We analyzed five primary "endemic" pediatric Burkitt's lymphomas (BL), two acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related type I latency BL lines, a type III latency line, three EBV(+) primary effusion lymphomas (PEL), and three AIDS-related diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL) for expression of EBV-encoded miRNAs.
  • BHRF1-3 miRNA expression inversely correlated with levels of a putative cellular target, the IFN-inducible T-cell attracting chemokine CXCL-11/I-TAC, and suppression of this factor was reversed by transfection of an antisense oligo to the EBV miRNA BHRF1-3.
  • EBV-encoded miRNAs are expressed in primary lymphomas classically linked to the virus and are associated with the viral latency status.

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  • (PMID = 18316607.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7445
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA070058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA109232; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082274; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304-01; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA70058; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA109232; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA121935; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / R01 DE018304-03; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082274; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA121935; United States / NIDCR NIH HHS / DE / DE018304-03
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BHRF1 protein, Human herpesvirus 4; 0 / CXCL11 protein, human; 0 / Chemokine CXCL11; 0 / MicroRNAs; 0 / Oligonucleotides, Antisense; 0 / Viral Proteins; EC 3.1.- / Ribonucleases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS191351; NLM/ PMC2855641
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36. Huynh D, Vincan E, Mantamadiotis T, Purcell D, Chan CK, Ramsay R: Oncogenic properties of HIV-Tat in colorectal cancer cells. Curr HIV Res; 2007 Jul;5(4):403-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • With the advent of Highly-Active-Anti-Retroviral-Therapy (HAART), HIV patients can expect to live beyond 10-15 years following diagnosis.
  • An unexpected result of increased survival is the emergence of opportunistic, oncogenic virus-associated cancers such as Burkitt's lymphoma (Epstein-Barr Virus), cervical cancer (Human Papilloma Virus) and Kaposi's sarcoma (Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) in this immuno-compromised population.
  • Furthermore, there are reports of colorectal cancers (CRC) in long-term HIV-AIDS survivors.
  • Compared to the general, non-immuno-compromised population, long-term AIDS patients have 4 and 3.3-fold increased risk of developing colorectal and anorectal cancer respectively.
  • Unlike oncogenic virus-associated cancers, CRC is not known to have a viral etiology.
  • We proposed that the HIV transactivator protein Tat; a protein with known oncogenic properties that is secreted and can re-enter non-infected cells may have a role in CRC.
  • Using two CRC cell lines, LIM1215 and LIM2537 we found that Tat inhibits epithelial cyto-differentiation, blocks apoptosis in vitro and accelerates tumour formation in vivo.
  • These properties underpin CRC, and as HIV infection is initiated in the gut lymphoid system, these data provide a basis for the increased incidence of CRC in long term AIDS patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Carcinogenicity Tests. Cell Differentiation / physiology. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Movement. Humans. Mice. Transplantation, Heterologous. tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus

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  • (PMID = 17627503.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4251
  • [Journal-full-title] Current HIV research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. HIV Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gene Products, tat; 0 / tat Gene Products, Human Immunodeficiency Virus
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37. Linnstaedt SD, Gottwein E, Skalsky RL, Luftig MA, Cullen BR: Virally induced cellular microRNA miR-155 plays a key role in B-cell immortalization by Epstein-Barr virus. J Virol; 2010 Nov;84(22):11670-8
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Virally induced cellular microRNA miR-155 plays a key role in B-cell immortalization by Epstein-Barr virus.
  • Infection of resting primary human B cells by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) results in their transformation into indefinitely proliferating lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs).
  • LCL formation serves as a model for lymphomagenesis, and LCLs are phenotypically similar to EBV-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCLs), which represent a common AIDS-associated malignancy.
  • B-cell infection by EBV induces the expression of several cellular microRNAs (miRNAs), most notably miR-155, which is overexpressed in many tumors and can induce B-cell lymphomas when overexpressed in animals.
  • Here, we demonstrate that miR-155 is the most highly expressed miRNA in LCLs and that the selective inhibition of miR-155 function specifically inhibits the growth of both LCLs and the DLBCL cell line IBL-1.
  • In contrast, three other B-cell lymphoma lines, including two EBV-positive Burkitt's lymphoma cell lines, grew normally in the absence of miR-155 function.

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  • (PMID = 20844043.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-5514
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Virol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / T32 AI007392; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30-AI045008; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01-AI067968; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI067968; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32-CA0009111; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI045008; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA009111; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / T32-AI007392; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K99 CA137860-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K99 CA137860; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K99-CA137860
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MIRN155 microRNA, human; 0 / MicroRNAs
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2977875
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38. Takacs M, Segesdi J, Banati F, Koroknai A, Wolf H, Niller HH, Minarovits J: The importance of epigenetic alterations in the development of epstein-barr virus-related lymphomas. Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis; 2009;1(2):e2009012
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  • [Title] The importance of epigenetic alterations in the development of epstein-barr virus-related lymphomas.
  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a human gammaherpesvirus, is associated with a series of malignant tumors.
  • These include lymphomas (Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, T/NK-cell lymphoma, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease, AIDS-associated lymphoma, X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome), carcinomas (nasopharyngeal carcinoma, gastric carcinoma, carcinomas of major salivary glands, thymic carcinoma, mammary carcinoma) and a sarcoma (leiomyosarcoma).
  • The latent EBV genomes persist in the tumor cells as circular episomes, co-replicating with the cellular DNA once per cell cycle.
  • The expression of latent EBV genes is cell type specific due to the strict epigenetic control of their promoters.
  • Based on the cell type specific epigenetic marks associated with latent EBV genomes one can distinguish between viral epigenotypes that differ in transcriptional activity in spite of having an identical (or nearly identical) DNA sequence.
  • Whereas latent EBV genomes are regularly targeted by epigenetic control mechanisms in different cell types, EBV encoded proteins may, in turn, affect the activity of a set of cellular promoters by interacting with the very same epigenetic regulatory machinery.
  • EBNA3C (EBNA6) seems to be associated both with histone acetylases and deacetylases, although in separate complexes.
  • In epithelial cells LMP1 can up-regulate DNA methyltransferases and, in Hodgkin lymphoma cells, induce the Polycomb group protein Bmi-1.
  • These interactions may result in epigenetic dysregulation and subsequent cellular dysfunctions that may manifest in or contribute to the development of pathological changes (e.g. initiation and progression of malignant neoplasms, autoimmune phenomena, immunodeficiency).

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  • (PMID = 21416002.001).
  • [ISSN] 2035-3006
  • [Journal-full-title] Mediterranean journal of hematology and infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3033174
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39. Couitchéré GL, Niangué-Beugré NM, Effi B, Ankotché A, Cissé L, Enoh J, Andoh J: [AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma in a black African child]. Arch Pediatr; 2005 Apr;12(4):473-4
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  • [Title] [AIDS-related Burkitt's lymphoma in a black African child].
  • [Transliterated title] Lymphome de Burkitt VIH-induit chez un enfant noir africain.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / diagnosis. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15808442.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-693X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Pediatr
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] France
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40. Mwanda WO, Whalen C, Remick SC: Burkitt's lymphoma and emerging therapeutic strategies for EBV and AIDS-associated lymphoproliferative diseases in East Africa. East Afr Med J; 2005 Sep;82(9 Suppl):S133-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Burkitt's lymphoma and emerging therapeutic strategies for EBV and AIDS-associated lymphoproliferative diseases in East Africa.
  • [MeSH-major] AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / drug therapy. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / drug therapy. Herpesvirus 4, Human / isolation & purification. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / drug therapy. Lymphoproliferative Disorders / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16619688.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] East African medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] East Afr Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / PHS HHS / / A136219; United States / FIC NIH HHS / TW / TW00011
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Kenya
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41. Jacobs SL, Rozenblit A: HIV-associated hypervascular primary Burkitt's lymphoma of the liver. Clin Radiol; 2006 May;61(5):453-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HIV-associated hypervascular primary Burkitt's lymphoma of the liver.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / radiography. Liver Neoplasms / radiography. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / radiography

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  • (PMID = 16679121.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9260
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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42. Tanabe Y, Muraoka A, Ryu T, Saito T: [Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome associated with Burkitt's leukemia diagnosed by ileus]. Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi; 2008 Jan 10;97(1):150-2

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  • [Title] [Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome associated with Burkitt's leukemia diagnosed by ileus].
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / diagnosis. Ileus / etiology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18283903.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5384
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Naika Gakkai zasshi. The Journal of the Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Naika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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43. Parekh S, Hebert T, Ratech H, Sparano J: Variable problems in lymphomas: CASE 3. Spontaneous regression of HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphoma of the cecum. J Clin Oncol; 2005 Nov 1;23(31):8116-7
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  • [Title] Variable problems in lymphomas: CASE 3. Spontaneous regression of HIV-associated Burkitt's lymphoma of the cecum.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / pathology. Cecal Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphoma, AIDS-Related / pathology. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous

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  • [CommentOn] J Clin Oncol. 2005 Feb 20;23(6):1152-60 [15718311.001]
  • (PMID = 16258111.001).
  • [ISSN] 0732-183X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comment; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents
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