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Items 1 to 98 of about 98
1. Pulsoni A, Iacobelli S, Bernardi M, Borgia M, Camera A, Cantore N, Di Raimondo F, Fazi P, Ferrara F, Leoni F, Liso V, Mancini M, Marmont F, Matturro A, Maurillo L, Melillo L, Meloni G, Mirto S, Specchia G, Valentini CG, Venditti A, Leone G, Foà R, Mandelli F, Pagano L: M4 acute myeloid leukemia: the role of eosinophilia and cytogenetics in treatment response and survival. The GIMEMA experience. Haematologica; 2008 Jul;93(7):1025-32
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  • [Title] M4 acute myeloid leukemia: the role of eosinophilia and cytogenetics in treatment response and survival. The GIMEMA experience.
  • BACKGROUND: Myelomonocytic acute myeloid leukemia (M4-AML) is frequently associated with the cytogenetic marker inv(16) and/or the presence of eosinophilia.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: Adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia consecutively enrolled in the GIMEMA trials AML10 and LAM99p were retrospectively analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Among 1686 patients, 400 cases of M4-AML were identified; of these, 78% had neither eosinophilia nor inv(16), 6% had eosinophilia only, 8% had inv(16) only and 8% had both.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In a large series of patients with M4-AML we confirmed the favorable role of inv(16), but the weight of this factor among the whole M4 population was of limited relevance.
  • Based on the results of this large case population, overall and relapse-free survival rates of patients with M4-AML are not significantly better than those of patients with non-M4 AML, while the concomitant presence of both inv(16) and eosinophilia was associated with a significantly improved prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytogenetics / methods. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Chromosome Inversion. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease-Free Survival. Eosinophilia / diagnosis. Eosinophilia / genetics. Humans. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18508801.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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2. Ortuño FJ, Castilla C, Moreno MJ, del Mar Osma M, Gonzalez M, Vicente V: Erythrophagocytosis in de novo-philadelphia-positive acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage. Haematologica; 2006 Aug;91(8 Suppl):ECR43
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  • [Title] Erythrophagocytosis in de novo-philadelphia-positive acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage.
  • Erythrophagocytosis by neoplastic cells in acute leukemia has been most frequently associated with FAB M4 and M5 subtypes, with the t(8;16) and with C-MOZ rearrangements, however it is exceptional in acute lymphoblastic leukemia and has not been previously reported in Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) acute leukemia.
  • We herein present a case of Ph+ acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage in which erythrophagocytosis is an outstanding feature.
  • [MeSH-major] Erythrocytes / pathology. Leukemia / pathology. Philadelphia Chromosome
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Male. Phagocytosis / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16923527.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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3. Ahmad EI, Gawish HH, Al-Azizi NM, El-Hefni AM: The Prognostic Impact of K-RAS Mutations in Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients Treated with High Dose Cytarabine. J Egypt Natl Canc Inst; 2009 Dec;21(4):343-50

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  • [Title] The Prognostic Impact of K-RAS Mutations in Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients Treated with High Dose Cytarabine.
  • It represents one of the most common genetic alterations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • However there is still controversy about its clinical relevance on the treatment outcome of this leukemia.
  • OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to clarify the biologic and prognostic impact of K-RAS mutations in relation to the dose of cytarabine (ara-C) used in post induction consolidation chemotherapy in adult AML patients.
  • The M4 subtype of AML and cases with Inv 16 showed significantly higher frequencies in mutRAS compared to wtRAS patients, (p=0.015, 0.003, respectively).
  • CONCLUSION: Adult AML patients carrying mutations in the K-RAS gene benefit from higher cytarabine doses more than wtRAS patients, so pretreatment mutation detection could be an important predictor for treatment strategy and survival of adult AML patients.
  • KEY WORDS: K-RAS mutations - Acute myeloid leukemia - Cytarabine.

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  • (PMID = 21415871.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-0362
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Egypt Natl Canc Inst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
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4. Abolfazl M, Fatemeh I, Hamid A, Mojtaba G, Alireza MJ, Ali MM: Specific chromosomal abnormalities in patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia from the Islamic Republic of Iran. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2006 Jul-Sep;7(3):447-50
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  • [Title] Specific chromosomal abnormalities in patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia from the Islamic Republic of Iran.
  • Cytogenetic analysis performed at diagnosis is considered to be the most valuable prognostic factor in acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL), a very heterogeneous disease.
  • Some 14 were classified as M1, 20 as M2, 19 as M3 , 3 as M4, 1 as M5 and 1 as M6.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Iran / epidemiology. Karyotyping. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / epidemiology. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / genetics. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17059342.001).
  • [ISSN] 1513-7368
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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5. Chen BG, Yan WH, Meng ZF, Guo ZM, Zhu M, Li BL: [Expression of CD66c (CEACM6) in adult acute leukemia and its significance]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Jun;27(6):370-3
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  • [Title] [Expression of CD66c (CEACM6) in adult acute leukemia and its significance].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression of CD66c (CEACM6) in adult acute leukemia and its significance.
  • METHODS: Acute leukemia cell lines HL-60, K562, LCL721.221 and Jurkat were cultured in vitro.
  • Cytogenetic analysis for 199 bone marrow samples from leukemia patients and Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) detection for 25 CD66c positive B lineage ALL were performed. RESULTS:.
  • (1) CD66c expression both on cell surface and in plasma were negative in all the cell lines. (2) Four of 127 AML (3.15%) (mainly of M2 and M4), and 28 of 79 ALL (35.44%) (all of B linage ALL) were CD66c positive the subtypes of the ALL being common B-ALL (20/54) and pre B-ALL (8/11) including 8 Ph + B-linage ALL. (3) Six-month relapse rate was significantly different between the MRD positive and negative patients. (4) CD66c mRNA was strongly expressed in B-linage ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / biosynthesis. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / biosynthesis. Cell Adhesion Molecules / biosynthesis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. GPI-Linked Proteins. HL-60 Cells. Humans. K562 Cells. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm, Residual / metabolism. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 17147224.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / CEACAM6 protein, human; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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6. Turhan N, Yürür-Kutlay N, Topcuoglu P, Sayki M, Yüksel M, Gürman G, Tükün A: Translocation (13;17)(q14;q25) as a novel chromosomal abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia-M4. Leuk Res; 2006 Jul;30(7):903-5
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  • [Title] Translocation (13;17)(q14;q25) as a novel chromosomal abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia-M4.
  • We report a case of AML-M4 in which G-band karyotyping revealed a previously unreported t(13;17)(q14;q25) in metaphase preparations.
  • This report of AML-M4 harboring t(13;17)(q14;q25) as a unique cytogenetic abnormality provides more data on the leukomogenesis with rearrangements related with 13q14 and 17q25.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cytogenetic Analysis / methods. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Karyotyping. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16469377.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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7. Owatari S, Otsuka M, Uozumi K, Takeshita T, Hanada S: Two cases of secondary acute myeloid leukemia accompanying adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. Int J Hematol; 2007 Jan;85(1):32-5
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  • [Title] Two cases of secondary acute myeloid leukemia accompanying adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.
  • We identified 2 cases of secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) following adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) in patients who had previously received chemotherapy.
  • The cases were diagnosed as AML M4 with eosinophilia and AML M2, with the chromosomal abnormalities inv(16)(p13q22) and t(8;21)(q22;q22), respectively.
  • In our hospital, only these 2 cases of secondary AML accompanying ATL were identified among 90 cases of acute- or lymphoma-type ATL diagnosed from October 1999 to July 2006.
  • The frequency of coexisting AML and ATL is lower than that reported for acute leukemia coexisting with other lymphoid malignancies.
  • The low frequency of secondary leukemia with ATL may be associated with the short survival times of ATL patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Leukemia, Myeloid / chemically induced. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / complications. Neoplasms, Second Primary / chemically induced
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Alkylating Agents / therapeutic use. Anthracyclines / therapeutic use. Chromosome Aberrations. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / chemically induced. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / chemically induced. Male. Middle Aged. Podophyllotoxin / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 17261499.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alkylating Agents; 0 / Anthracyclines; L36H50F353 / Podophyllotoxin
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8. Kuchenbauer F, Kern W, Schoch C, Kohlmann A, Hiddemann W, Haferlach T, Schnittger S: Detailed analysis of FLT3 expression levels in acute myeloid leukemia. Haematologica; 2005 Dec;90(12):1617-25
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  • [Title] Detailed analysis of FLT3 expression levels in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: FLT3 mutations are found in up to 30% of cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: To further evaluate the role of FLT3 in AML we investigated FLT3 expression levels in 207 adult AML patients and 8 healthy donors by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  • RESULTS: FLT3 expression levels were different in certain FAB types with increasing levels in the following order: M3<M3v<M6<M2<M4eo<M4<M0<M1<M5a<M5b.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Leukemia, Myeloid / enzymology. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD34 / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD34 / genetics. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Bone Marrow / pathology. Chromosome Aberrations. Disease-Free Survival. Enzyme Induction. Female. Gene Duplication. Humans. Karyotyping. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / pathology. Leukocyte Count. Life Tables. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. RNA, Neoplasm / biosynthesis. RNA, Neoplasm / metabolism. Survival Analysis. Tandem Repeat Sequences

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  • [CommentIn] Haematologica. 2005 Dec;90(12):1586 [16330422.001]
  • (PMID = 16330434.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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9. Sino US Leukemia Cooperative Group of Shanghai: [Clinical study of 572 adult acute leukemia patients in Shanghai according to WHO classification]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Jul;28(7):444-8
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  • [Title] [Clinical study of 572 adult acute leukemia patients in Shanghai according to WHO classification].
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate WHO classification of acute leukemia (AL) in Shanghai and compare the difference between WHO and FAB classification.
  • METHODS: Successive and unselected leukemia patients were referred to Sino-US Leukemia Cooperative Group of Shanghai from 2003 to 2006.
  • A total of 572 adult AL cases were diagnosed and classified according to WHO and FAB classification.
  • RESULTS: Of the 572 AL patients, 436 (76.2%) were diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 119 (20.8%) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • According to FAB classification, AML-M4 was the most (38.5%) common subtype.
  • The percentage of AML-M3 and M4 in Shanghai were higher than that in the Western, but that of AML-M, was lower.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The percentages of AML with t (15;17) and AML-M4 in Shanghai and the incidence of cytogenetic favorable group were higher than that in the Western.
  • Comparing to the AL data of Shanghai Leukemia Group between 1984 and 1994, the percentage of AML-M4 was increased, but that of AML-M1 and M5 were decreased.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / classification
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. China. Female. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18072625.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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10. Rajesh G, Sadasivan S, Hiran KR, Nandakumar R, Balakrishnan V: Acute myeloid leukemia presenting as obstructive jaundice. Indian J Gastroenterol; 2006 Mar-Apr;25(2):93-4
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  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia presenting as obstructive jaundice.
  • We report a 32-year-old man with acute myeloid leukemia presenting as obstructive jaundice.
  • On evaluation he was found to have the eosinophilic variant of M4 subtype acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Common Bile Duct Diseases / complications. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Male

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  • (PMID = 16763341.001).
  • [ISSN] 0254-8860
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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11. Auewarakul CU, Lauhakirti D, Tocharoentanaphol C: Frequency of RAS gene mutation and its cooperative genetic events in Southeast Asian adult acute myeloid leukemia. Eur J Haematol; 2006 Jul;77(1):51-6
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  • [Title] Frequency of RAS gene mutation and its cooperative genetic events in Southeast Asian adult acute myeloid leukemia.
  • RAS gene as one of the most frequently mutated genes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has become an attractive target for molecular therapy.
  • We examined the frequency of RAS mutation in 239 Thai de novo adult AML patients using polymerase chain reaction-single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis.
  • Thirty-five RAS mutations were found in 32 cases (13%) predominantly classified as M1/M2 (53%) followed by M4/M5 subtype (38%).
  • Most M1/M2 cases had mutations at codon 12 or 13, whereas M4/M5 cases preferentially affected codon 61.
  • Four patients had core-binding factor leukemia and four additional patients had coexisting FLT3 or AML1 mutation.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / classification. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Mutation. ras Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Asia, Southeastern / epidemiology. Codon. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. DNA Mutational Analysis. Female. Gene Frequency. Humans. Male. Molecular Epidemiology. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16573741.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Codon; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3; EC 3.6.5.2 / ras Proteins
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12. Liang DC, Shih LY, Huang CF, Hung IJ, Yang CP, Liu HC, Jaing TH, Wang LY, Chang WH: CEBPalpha mutations in childhood acute myeloid leukemia. Leukemia; 2005 Mar;19(3):410-4
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  • [Title] CEBPalpha mutations in childhood acute myeloid leukemia.
  • CEBPalpha: mutations have been described in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and conferred a favorable prognosis.
  • CEBPalpha mutations were detected in seven patients, four had FAB M2, two M1 and one M4.
  • [MeSH-major] CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Mutation


13. Ruan GR, Li JL, Qin YZ, Li LD, Xie M, Chang Y, Zhang Y, Liu YR, Jiang B, Chen SS, Huang XJ: Nucleophosmin mutations in Chinese adults with acute myelogenous leukemia. Ann Hematol; 2009 Feb;88(2):159-66
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  • [Title] Nucleophosmin mutations in Chinese adults with acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • Recently, mutations in the nucleophosmin (NPM1) gene were detected in 50-60% of adult acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients, mainly with a normal karyotype.
  • The detection rate of NPM1 mutations in 220 AML patients was 16.4%, including 107 (14.2%) with the French-American-British (FAB) subtype M2, 43 (2.3%) with M3, and 52 (30.8%) with M4/M5.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / epidemiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Base Sequence. China / epidemiology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Gene Dosage / genetics. Humans. Indicator Dilution Techniques. Male. Middle Aged. Mutation / genetics. Plasmids / genetics. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 18726096.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0584
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 117896-08-9 / nucleophosmin
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14. Pan JL, Xue YQ, Jiang HY, He J, Wang W, Wu YF: [Application of reverse transcription-multiplex nested PCR to detect MLL rearrangement in AML-M4/M5]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Aug;22(4):444-6

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  • [Title] [Application of reverse transcription-multiplex nested PCR to detect MLL rearrangement in AML-M4/M5].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of reverse transcription-multiplex nested PCR in detecting MLL rearrangement in lzAML-M4/M5.
  • Five common MLL fusion genes and MLL partial tandem duplication in 40 AML cases, including 12 M4 and 28 M5 were detected by reverse transcription(RT)-multiplex nested PCR.
  • CONCLUSION: RT-multiplex nested PCR is a powerful technique in the detection of MLL rearrangement for tentativelly diagnosed AML-M4/M5.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 16086288.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-9406
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein
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15. Sucić M, Batinić D, Zadro R, Mrsić S, Labar B: [Cytomorphology of acute mixed leukemia]. Acta Med Croatica; 2008 Oct;62(4):379-85

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Cytomorphology of acute mixed leukemia].
  • Biphenotypic acute leukemias (AL) with blasts expressing both myeloid and lymphoid antigens are grouped with undifferentiated AL and bilineal AL in the group of AL of ambiguous lineage.
  • RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: In the group of 169 adult AL patients, 116 were cytomorphologically classified as acute myeloblastic leukemias (AML), 35 as acute lymphoblastic leukemias (ALL) and 18 as acute undifferentiated leukemias (ANLM).
  • According to EGIL scoring system, among 15 AMLLy+ of 102 AL there were 4 true biphenotypic ALMy+Ly (1 M1, 2 M3, 1 M4), and in 4 ALMy+Ly with undifferentiated and lymphoid morphology there were 2 true biphenotypic AL (1 L2; 1 ANLM).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / classification. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / classification. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19205415.001).
  • [ISSN] 1330-0164
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta medica Croatica : c̆asopis Hravatske akademije medicinskih znanosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Med Croatica
  • [Language] hrv
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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16. Zhou HF, Li JY, Wu YJ, Yang H, Qiu HR, Li L: [Immunophenotypic and cytogenetic features of acute myelomonocytic leukemia]. Ai Zheng; 2006 Oct;25(10):1252-5
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  • [Title] [Immunophenotypic and cytogenetic features of acute myelomonocytic leukemia].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The expression of some antigens has been involved in cytogenetic abnormalities in leukemia.
  • This study was to explore the immunophenotypes of acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4), analyze the correlation of M4 to cytogenetic abnormalities, and provide evidences for the diagnosis and therapy.
  • METHODS: Immunophenotypic analysis was performed using a panel of monoclonal antibodies and three-color immunofluorescent staining methods of flow cytometry in 81 patients with M4 leukemia.
  • RESULTS: Among the 81 M4 leukemia patients, CD33 (84.0%) was the most commonly expressed antigen, followed by CD13 (81.5%) and CD14 (24.7%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Acute myelomonocytic leukemia mainly expresses myeloid lineage antigens.
  • Inv(16) exists in 40% of M4 patients and the expression of all the antigens has no correlation to inv(16).
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD2 / metabolism. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Inversion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17059770.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD2; 0 / Antigens, CD34
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17. Matsuno N, Hoshino K, Nanri T, Kawakita T, Suzushima H, Kawano F, Mitsuya H, Asou N: p15 mRNA expression detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction correlates with the methylation density of the gene in adult acute leukemia. Leuk Res; 2005 May;29(5):557-64
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  • [Title] p15 mRNA expression detected by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction correlates with the methylation density of the gene in adult acute leukemia.
  • Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p15 is frequently inactivated by either methylation or deletion in patients with acute leukemia.
  • To examine pathologic and clinical significance of the p15 gene inactivation, we established a quantitative assay of p15 mRNA expression in the bone marrow cells by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. p15 mRNA expression in 14 patients with precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (PBC-ALL) well correlated with status of deletion and methylation in the p15 gene analyzed by Southern blotting.
  • Furthermore, two patients with PBC-ALL and 11 acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) were quantitatively examined for p15 gene methylation using bisulfite genomic sequencing.
  • Among 108 AML patients, p15 mRNA expression was significantly lower in the myeloid lineage (M1, M2, M3) than the monocytic lineage (M4, M5) (P = 0.0019).
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / genetics. Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics. DNA Methylation. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Cell Lineage. CpG Islands. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15. Humans. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Sequence Deletion. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 15755508.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDKN2B protein, human; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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18. Basa J, Wolska-Smoleń T, Walter Z, Skotnicki AB: [Granulocytic sarcoma with late transformation into acute myeloblastic leukemia--case report]. Przegl Lek; 2006;63(8):706-10
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  • [Title] [Granulocytic sarcoma with late transformation into acute myeloblastic leukemia--case report].
  • Case presentation of a 28-year-old patient with acute myeloblastic leukemia (FAB AML-M4), who underwent surgery of an inguinal tumor a year before the diagnosis of leukemia was made.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / complications. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Disease-Free Survival. Fatal Outcome. Groin. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Remission Induction / methods. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17441389.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Przegla̧d lekarski
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prz. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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19. Ali R, Ozkalemkas F, Ozkocaman V, Ozcelik T, Akalin H, Ozkan A, Altundal Y, Tunali A: Hydatid disease in acute leukemia: effect of anticancer treatment on echinococcosis. Microbes Infect; 2005 Jul;7(9-10):1073-6
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  • [Title] Hydatid disease in acute leukemia: effect of anticancer treatment on echinococcosis.
  • We treated and followed approximately 1200 patients with different hematologic neoplastic diseases between 1985 and 2003, and only one of these individuals had concomitant acute leukemia and liver hydatidosis.
  • This report describes the case of a 19-year-old man who had both primary refractoriness of acute leukemia (AML-M4) and liver hydatidosis.
  • The patient underwent 3 months of treatment with agents that targeted the leukemia (daunorubicin, idarubicin, cytarabine, fludarabine) and its complications (amphotericin B, amphotericin B lipid complex, liposomal amphotericin B).

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  • (PMID = 15996888.001).
  • [ISSN] 1286-4579
  • [Journal-full-title] Microbes and infection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microbes Infect.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B
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20. Zhu YL, Liu J, Zhu P, DU JW, Zhang Y, Gu JY: [Expression of PRAME gene in acute leukemia and its clinical significance]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Dec;15(6):1144-9
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  • [Title] [Expression of PRAME gene in acute leukemia and its clinical significance].
  • This study was aimed to detect the expression levels of preferentially expressed antigen of melanoma (PRAME) gene in acute leukemia (AL) and to evaluate the clinical significance of PRAME gene.
  • The quantitative detection method was established by SYBR Green I real-time quantitative RT-PCR, then PRAME mRNA was measured by this method in 55 cases of acute leukemia, out of which 43 cases were acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 9 cases were acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and other types leukemia were 3 cases.
  • The results showed that the expression of PRAME gene was found in 35 cases of acute leukemia, the positive percentage was 64%.
  • In 35 PRAME positive cases, 28 cases were AML, which mainly belonged to M3, M4 and M2 subtypes, and 5 cases was ALL.
  • It is concluded that the PRAME gene expresses in 64% AML patients, which mainly belonged to M3, M4 and M2 subtypes, no expression could be detected in any of the non-malignant hematological diseases and healthy volunteers.
  • These results suggest that PRAME expression in acute leukemia may be a useful marker to detect the minimal resi-dual disease (MRD) and to determine the response to therapy in AL patients.

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  • (PMID = 18088454.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / PRAME protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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21. Tong HX, Wang HH, Zhang JH, Liu ZG, Zheng YC, Wang YX: [Immunophenotypes, cytogenetics and clinical features of 192 patients with acute myeloid leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Oct;17(5):1174-8
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  • [Title] [Immunophenotypes, cytogenetics and clinical features of 192 patients with acute myeloid leukemia].
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the immunophenotypic subtype profiles of 192 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its association to cytogenetics and clinical features.
  • CD14 expressed only in AML-M4 and AML-M5, and both intensive positivity of CD64 and CD15 with high expression of HLA-DR may suggest great possibility for diagnosis of AML-M5.

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  • (PMID = 19840445.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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22. Eivazi-Ziaei J: Myeloperoxidase index and subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia. J Pak Med Assoc; 2009 Jun;59(6):406-7
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  • [Title] Myeloperoxidase index and subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) should be classified into subtypes according to the French-American-British (FAB) or, preferably, the newer World Health Organization (WHO) classification schemes.
  • In the study of medical records of 72 patients with AML from 2006-7, we found that MPXI was negative in M4 and M5 while 75% of M3 cases had high MPXI values.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / enzymology. Peroxidase / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Case-Control Studies. Female. Health Status Indicators. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19534379.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-9982
  • [Journal-full-title] JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pak Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase
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23. Lu Y, Xu W, Chen Z, Lou J, Jin J: [Clinical and cytogenetics studies on acute myeloid leukemia with abnormality of chromosome 11]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi; 2008 Oct;25(5):583-5
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  • [Title] [Clinical and cytogenetics studies on acute myeloid leukemia with abnormality of chromosome 11].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of chromosome 11 abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia and its relationship with the clinical aspects and prognosis.
  • METHODS: Conventional cytogenetic analysis of R-band was used to detect the abnormalities of chromosome 11 in 356 acute myeloid leukemia patients.
  • The incidence of 11q23 involvement in M4 and M5 was higher than other subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • The CR rate was lower than that of whole cases of acute myeloid leukemia(34.3% versus 64.0%).
  • CONCLUSION: 11q23 was a frequent aberration in chromosome 11 anomaly, which was often detected in M4 and M5.
  • It might be associated with the pathogenesis of acute monolytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Translocation, Genetic. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18841578.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-9406
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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24. Niparuck P, Chuncharunee S, Ungkanont A, Udomtrupayakul U, Aungchaisuksiri P, Rerkamnuatchoke B, Jootar S, Atichartakarn V: Long-term outcomes of de novo acute myeloid leukemia in Thai patients. J Med Assoc Thai; 2009 Sep;92(9):1143-9
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  • [Title] Long-term outcomes of de novo acute myeloid leukemia in Thai patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the heterogeneous disease.
  • Common subtypes were M4 (28.3%), M1 (26.4%) and M2 (20.8%).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / epidemiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cohort Studies. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Thailand. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19772172.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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25. Chou WC, Hou HA, Chen CY, Tang JL, Yao M, Tsay W, Ko BS, Wu SJ, Huang SY, Hsu SC, Chen YC, Huang YN, Chang YC, Lee FY, Liu MC, Liu CW, Tseng MH, Huang CF, Tien HF: Distinct clinical and biologic characteristics in adult acute myeloid leukemia bearing the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 mutation. Blood; 2010 Apr 8;115(14):2749-54
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  • [Title] Distinct clinical and biologic characteristics in adult acute myeloid leukemia bearing the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 mutation.
  • Recent genome-wide screening also revealed IDH1 mutation as a recurrent event in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but its clinical implications in AML are largely unknown.
  • We analyzed 493 adult Chinese AML patients in Taiwan and found 27 patients (5.5%) harboring this mutation.
  • IDH1 mutation was strongly associated with normal karyotype (8.4%, P = .002), isolated monosomy 8 (P = .043), NPM1 mutation (P < .001), and French-American-British M1 subtype (P < .001), but inversely associated with French-American-British M4 subtype (P = .030) and expression of HLA-DR, CD13, and CD14 (P = .002, .003, and .038, respectively).
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics. Isocitrate Dehydrogenase / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Monosomy. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD13 / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD13 / genetics. Antigens, CD14 / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD14 / genetics. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic / genetics. Genome-Wide Association Study. HLA-DR Antigens / biosynthesis. HLA-DR Antigens / genetics. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Taiwan

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  • [CommentIn] Blood. 2010 Jul 22;116(3):495-6 [20651083.001]
  • (PMID = 20097881.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; EC 1.1.1.41 / Isocitrate Dehydrogenase; EC 1.1.1.42. / IDH1 protein, human; EC 3.4.11.2 / Antigens, CD13
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26. Udayakumar AM, Pathare AV, Al-Kindi S, Khan H, Rehmen JU, Zia F, Al-Ghazaly A, Nusrut N, Khan MI, Wali YA, Al-Lamki Z, Dennison D, Raeburn JA: Cytogenetic, morphological, and immunophenotypic patterns in Omani patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2007 Sep;177(2):89-94
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  • [Title] Cytogenetic, morphological, and immunophenotypic patterns in Omani patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Chromosome aberrations observed at diagnosis are considered to be the most valuable prognostic factors in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Among the normal karyotypes (24 of 63; 38%), M2 subtype was the also most frequent (7 of 24; 29%), followed by M4 (4 of 24; 17%).
  • Our population differed morphologically, with the M2 subtype as most common, whereas M4 and M3 were more commonly in those reports.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human / ultrastructure. Ethnic Groups / genetics. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Infant. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Oman / ethnology

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  • (PMID = 17854660.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD
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27. Nakamura S, Hirano I, Okinaka K, Takemura T, Yokota D, Ono T, Shigeno K, Shibata K, Fujisawa S, Ohnishi K: The FOXM1 transcriptional factor promotes the proliferation of leukemia cells through modulation of cell cycle progression in acute myeloid leukemia. Carcinogenesis; 2010 Nov;31(11):2012-21
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  • [Title] The FOXM1 transcriptional factor promotes the proliferation of leukemia cells through modulation of cell cycle progression in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • However, it is not clearly understood how FOXM1 contributes to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell proliferation.
  • FOXM1 messenger RNA (mRNA) was overexpressed in all 127 AML clinical specimens tested (n = 21, 56, 32 and 18 for M1, M2, M4 and M5 subtypes, respectively).
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Cycle. Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism. Cell Proliferation. Forkhead Transcription Factors / physiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aldehyde Dehydrogenase / genetics. Aldehyde Dehydrogenase / metabolism. Apoptosis. Aurora Kinase B. Aurora Kinases. Blotting, Western. Cells, Cultured. Cyclin B1 / genetics. Cyclin B1 / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / genetics. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27. Disease Progression. Fluorescent Antibody Technique. Humans. Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Lymphocytes / metabolism. Microtubule-Associated Proteins / genetics. Microtubule-Associated Proteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / genetics. Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins / genetics. S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20823107.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2180
  • [Journal-full-title] Carcinogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Carcinogenesis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BIRC5 protein, human; 0 / CCNB1 protein, human; 0 / CDKN1A protein, human; 0 / CDKN1B protein, human; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Cyclin B1; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21; 0 / FOXM1 protein, human; 0 / Forkhead Transcription Factors; 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 0 / S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27; EC 1.2.1.3 / Aldehyde Dehydrogenase; EC 2.7.11.1 / AURKB protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / Aurora Kinase B; EC 2.7.11.1 / Aurora Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
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28. Medeiros BC, Minden MD, Schuh AC, Schimmer AD, Yee K, Lipton JH, Messner HA, Gupta V, Chun K, Xu W, Das P, Kamel-Reid S, Brandwein JM: Characteristics and outcomes of acute myelogenous leukemia patients with very late relapse (&gt;5 years). Leuk Lymphoma; 2007 Jan;48(1):65-71
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  • [Title] Characteristics and outcomes of acute myelogenous leukemia patients with very late relapse (>5 years).
  • The clinical characteristics and outcome of 15 patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) who experienced relapse at least 5 years after induction of complete remission (very late-relapse AML) are described.
  • Nine patients had M4/M5 French - American - British (FAB) classification subtype and most had intermediate risk cytogenetics.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis


29. Douet-Guilbert N, Morel F, Le Bris MJ, Herry A, Morice P, Bourquard P, Banzakour S, Le Calvez G, Marion V, Berthou C, De Braekeleer M: Rearrangement of the MLL gene in acute myeloblastic leukemia: report of two rare translocations. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 Mar;157(2):169-74
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  • [Title] Rearrangement of the MLL gene in acute myeloblastic leukemia: report of two rare translocations.
  • We report here 2 male adults in whom a diagnosis of acute myelomonoblastic leukemia (FAB M4) and acute monoblastic leukemia (FAB M5) was made.
  • Fourteen and 24 patients, including ours, with acute myeloblastic leukemia associated with a t(1;11)(p32;q23) and a t(11;17)(q23;q21), respectively have been reported in the literature.
  • Several patients with the latter translocation have also been identified to have acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Proto-Oncogenes / genetics. Transcription Factors / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein

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  • (PMID = 15721641.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / MLL protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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30. Harani MS, Adil SN, Shaikh MU, Kakepoto GN, Khurshid M: Frequency of fab subtypes in acute myeloid leukemia patients at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2005 Jan-Mar;17(1):26-9
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  • [Title] Frequency of fab subtypes in acute myeloid leukemia patients at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi.
  • BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease.
  • The aim of present study is to determine the frequency of various sub types in acute myeloid leukemia using FAB criteria in our population.
  • This will aid in the correct diagnosis of acute leukemia and hence proper management of the patients.
  • AML-M4 was the predominant French-American-British (FAB) subtype (36.2%) followed by M2 (30.25%), M3 (10.4%), M1 (8.7%), M0 (7.7%), M5a (3.5%), M5b (2.5%) and M6 (0.8%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The most common FAB subtype observed in our study was Acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4) which is in accordance with studies reported from Saudia Arabia and a previous study reported from our institution.
  • However,other national and international studies have reported Myeloblastic Leukemia with maturation (M2) as the predominant subtype of AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / classification
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Hospitals, University. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Pakistan

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  • (PMID = 15929522.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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31. Yan L, Chen S, Liang J, Feng Y, Cen J, He J, Chang W, Zhu Z, Pan J, Wu Y, Xue Y, Wu D: Analysis of NPM1 gene mutations in Chinese adults with acute myeloid leukemia. Int J Hematol; 2007 Aug;86(2):143-6
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  • [Title] Analysis of NPM1 gene mutations in Chinese adults with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Many European groups have recently described that mutations at exon-12 of the nucleophosmin (NPM1) gene are the most frequent genetic lesion in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), especially in the presence of a normal karyotype.
  • NPM1 mutations were present in 28.2% of the overall population, including 1/1 (100%) of M0, 11/27 (40.7%) of M1, 11/46 (23.9%) of M2, 0/29 (0%) of M3, 2/9 (22.2%) of M4, 18/39 (46.2%) of M5, and 1/5 (20.0%) of M6.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Mutation. Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Asian Continental Ancestry Group / genetics. China. Chromosome Aberrations. DNA Mutational Analysis. Female. Frameshift Mutation. Humans. Karyotyping. Leukocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged. Molecular Epidemiology. Prevalence. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17875528.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 117896-08-9 / nucleophosmin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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32. Zhang WG, Liu SH, Cao XM, Cheng YX, Ma XR, Yang Y, Wang YL: A phase-I clinical trial of active immunotherapy for acute leukemia using inactivated autologous leukemia cells mixed with IL-2, GM-CSF, and IL-6. Leuk Res; 2005 Jan;29(1):3-9
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  • [Title] A phase-I clinical trial of active immunotherapy for acute leukemia using inactivated autologous leukemia cells mixed with IL-2, GM-CSF, and IL-6.
  • We evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of vaccination in 29 patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia using inactivated autologous leukemia cells combined with interleukin-2 (IL-2), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and IL-6.
  • MHC-I, MHC-II, and B7-1 expression status on the surface of leukemia cells and the cytokine profile of IFN-gamma and IL-10 in serum before and after vaccination was detected.
  • The expression of MHC-I and MHC-II on leukemia cells was 100% and 90% positive, respectively.
  • B7-1 was exclusively expressed on some cases of M4 and M5.
  • The efficacy of the vaccine was statistically associated with the expression status of B7-1 on leukemia cells (P < 0.01).
  • CONCLUSION: We presented here a promising immunotherapy in the treatment of acute leukemia, especially for F.A.B. M5.
  • [MeSH-major] Cancer Vaccines / therapeutic use. Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / administration & dosage. Interleukin-2 / administration & dosage. Interleukin-6 / administration & dosage. Leukemia / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Female. Fever / etiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Skin / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 15541469.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cancer Vaccines; 0 / Interleukin-2; 0 / Interleukin-6; 83869-56-1 / Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
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33. Yan LZ, Chen SN, Liang JY, Feng YF, Cen JN, He J, Chang WR, Zhu ZL, Pan JL, Wu YF, Xue YQ, Wu DP: [Analysis of NPM1 gene mutations in acute myeloid leukemia]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2007 May;28(5):289-93
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  • [Title] [Analysis of NPM1 gene mutations in acute myeloid leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of nucleophosmin (NPM1) gene exon 12 mutations in adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its clinical characteristics.
  • RESULTS: NPM1 exon 12 mutations were present in 31.7% of the overall cohort, including 1/1 (100%) of M0, 9/17(52.9%) of M1 , 7/25 (28.0%) of M2, 0/23(0%) of M3, 2/7 (28.6%) of M4 and 13/25 (52.0% ) of M5.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Mutation. Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. DNA Mutational Analysis. Exons. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17877154.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 117896-08-9 / nucleophosmin
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34. Kryeziu E, Kryeziu K, Bajraktari G, Abazi M, Zylfiu B, Rudhani I, Sadiku Sh, Ukimeri A, Brovina A, Dreshaj Sh, Telaku S: Ecthyma gangrenosum in a patient with acute leukemia. Med Arh; 2010;64(6):373-4
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  • [Title] Ecthyma gangrenosum in a patient with acute leukemia.
  • The authors presents a patient with acute myloblastic leukemia M4 type in whom in relapse EG caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa was found.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunocompromised Host. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Pseudomonas Infections / complications. Skin Diseases, Bacterial / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 21218760.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicinski arhiv
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Arh
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bosnia and Herzegovina
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35. Zaker F, Mohammadzadeh M, Mohammadi M: Detection of KIT and FLT3 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia with different subtypes. Arch Iran Med; 2010 Jan;13(1):21-5
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  • [Title] Detection of KIT and FLT3 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia with different subtypes.
  • Since, data concerning the incidence and associations with patients characteristics vary amongst different studies, the aim of the present study is to identify and quantify the frequency of mutations in Iranian patients suffering from acute myeloid leukemia.
  • METHODS: Internal tandem duplication and D835 mutations in the fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 gene of acute myeloid leukemia patients were studied through polymerase chain reaction and polymerase chain reaction-RFLP analysis.
  • Frequencies of mutation were 1.4% and 4.7% in exon 8 and D816 of the KIT gene in acute myeloid leukemia patients.
  • CONCLUSION: This study revealed that approximately 30% of acute myeloid leukemia patients have either KIT or fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 genetic mutations.
  • The presence of fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 was significantly associated with M3 morphology and mutations of KIT were significantly associated with M2 and M4 subtypes.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / epidemiology. Mutation / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. DNA Mutational Analysis. Exons / genetics. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20039765.001).
  • [ISSN] 1735-3947
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of Iranian medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Iran Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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36. Reikvam H, Hatfield KJ, Oyan AM, Kalland KH, Kittang AO, Bruserud O: Primary human acute myelogenous leukemia cells release matrix metalloproteases and their inhibitors: release profile and pharmacological modulation. Eur J Haematol; 2010 Mar;84(3):239-51
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  • [Title] Primary human acute myelogenous leukemia cells release matrix metalloproteases and their inhibitors: release profile and pharmacological modulation.
  • OBJECTIVES: Angiogenesis seems important for both leukemogenesis and chemosensitivity in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
  • MMP-9 release was higher for AML cells with monocytic differentiation corresponding to the FAB-subtype M4/M5 AML; it was mainly released in its inactive form, but endogenously active MMP-9 could be detected even in the presence of the constitutively released TIMP-1/2.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology. Matrix Metalloproteinases / secretion. Neoplasm Proteins / secretion. Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases / secretion
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Angiopoietin-2 / pharmacology. Anthracyclines / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Boronic Acids / pharmacology. Bortezomib. Cells, Cultured / cytology. Chemokines / secretion. Coculture Techniques. Culture Media, Serum-Free / pharmacology. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Diterpenes / pharmacology. Endothelial Cells / cytology. Female. Humans. Imidazoles / pharmacology. Male. Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors. Middle Aged. NF-kappa B / antagonists & inhibitors. Protease Inhibitors / pharmacology. Pyrazines / pharmacology. Quinoxalines / pharmacology. Receptor, TIE-2 / antagonists & inhibitors. Receptor, TIE-2 / physiology. Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology. Tumor Cells, Cultured / enzymology. Tumor Cells, Cultured / secretion

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  • (PMID = 19922462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0609
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 3-ingenyl angelate; 0 / 4(2'-aminoethyl)amino-1,8-dimethylimidazo(1,2-a)quinoxaline; 0 / Angiopoietin-2; 0 / Anthracyclines; 0 / Boronic Acids; 0 / Chemokines; 0 / Culture Media, Serum-Free; 0 / Diterpenes; 0 / Imidazoles; 0 / Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors; 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Protease Inhibitors; 0 / Pyrazines; 0 / Quinoxalines; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 69G8BD63PP / Bortezomib; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, TIE-2; EC 3.4.24.- / Matrix Metalloproteinases
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37. Sun X, Zhang W, Ramdas L, Stivers DN, Jones DM, Kantarjian HM, Estey EH, Vadhan-Raj S, Medeiros LJ, Bueso-Ramos CE: Comparative analysis of genes regulated in acute myelomonocytic leukemia with and without inv(16)(p13q22) using microarray techniques, real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry immunophenotyping. Mod Pathol; 2007 Aug;20(8):811-20
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  • [Title] Comparative analysis of genes regulated in acute myelomonocytic leukemia with and without inv(16)(p13q22) using microarray techniques, real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry immunophenotyping.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13q22), also known as M4Eo, is a distinct type of leukemia with characteristic clinicopathologic and cytogenetic features.
  • Cases of acute myelomonocytic leukemia without CBFbeta-MYH11 (M4) acted as our control.
  • We found that in the gene expression profile of M4Eo, NF-kappaB activators and inhibitors were upregulated and downregulated, respectively, suggesting that the NF-kappaB signaling pathway is activated at a higher level in M4Eo than in acute myelomonocytic leukemia M4.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Flow Cytometry. Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Immunohistochemistry. Immunophenotyping / methods. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Apoptosis / genetics. Bone Marrow / chemistry. Bone Marrow / immunology. Bone Marrow / pathology. Cell Proliferation. Chromosome Inversion. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Signal Transduction / genetics. Transcription Factor RelA / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17571080.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5P30 CA016672-28
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CBFbeta-MYH11 fusion protein; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Transcription Factor RelA
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38. Mu QT, Chen ZM, Lou JY, Cheng YZ, Wang YG, Ni WM, Wang HP, Xu H, Yu YB, Jin J: [Cytogenetic analysis of 154 case of acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)]. Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2010 May;39(3):236-40
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  • [Title] [Cytogenetic analysis of 154 case of acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cytogenetic features of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(8;21).
  • METHODS: The clinical characteristics of 154 cases of acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21) in our hospital were analyzed retrospectively.
  • RESULT: In this study, according to FAB classification, there were 127 cases of M2 (82.5%), 15 of M5 (9.7%), 6 of M4 (3.9%), 4 of M1(2.6%) and 2 of M0(1.3%).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics. Cytogenetic Analysis. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Translocation, Genetic. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20544983.001).
  • [ISSN] 1008-9292
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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39. Liu M, Wei XD, Lü XD, Fan RH, Yin QS, Zhou J: [Expression of NF-kappaB mRNA in acute myeloid leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Apr;18(2):359-62
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  • [Title] [Expression of NF-kappaB mRNA in acute myeloid leukemia].
  • This study was aimed to investigate the expression level of NF-kappaB mRNA in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) using real time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reduction (qPCR) detection and to explore the effect of NF-kappaB mRNA in pathogenesis of AML.
  • The results showed that the expression of NF-kappaB mRNA in patients with AML was higher than that in normal healthy persons with significant difference (p<0.05), the expression of NF-kappaB mRNA in patients with AML-M4 and -M5 were higher than that in patients with AML-M1, -M2 and -M3.

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  • (PMID = 20416168.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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40. Sorour A, Nafea D: Dual color FISH on CBF primary acute myeloid leukemia. Egypt J Immunol; 2008;15(2):25-31
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  • [Title] Dual color FISH on CBF primary acute myeloid leukemia.
  • In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), clonal chromosomal aberrations constitute markers of diagnostic value and the molecular characterization of numerous abnormalities has greatly improved the understanding of the biology of distinct subtypes of the disease.
  • Four cases of AML (M2) subtype were positive for t(8;21) and 1 (M4) subtype was positive for inv(16) by karyotyping analysis.

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  • (PMID = 20306685.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-4902
  • [Journal-full-title] The Egyptian journal of immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Egypt J Immunol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AML1-ETO fusion protein, human; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Core Binding Factors; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
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41. Xiao R, Chen T, Zhou M, Yang JH, Jiang NK, Zhang R: [Abnormal expression of hematopoietic regulatory factors in newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Oct;18(5):1124-7
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  • [Title] [Abnormal expression of hematopoietic regulatory factors in newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia].
  • The aim of this study was to detect the expressions of transforming growth factor (TGFβ(1)), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) and leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) in newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and investigate the association between serum levels of various cytokines and clinical outcomes.
  • The three cytokines and MIC examination analysis indicated that level of LIF was abnormally elevated in M5 patients (7.14±6.62 pg/ml); TNFα was abnormally elevated in M4 and M3 patients especially M4; TGFβ1 level in M6 and M2 patients was higher than others.

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  • (PMID = 21129244.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Leukemia Inhibitory Factor; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta1; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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42. Vora HH, Shukla SN, Brahambhatt BV, Mehta SH, Patel NA, Parikh SK, Shah KN, Shah PM: Clinical relevance of FLT3 receptor protein expression in Indian patients with acute leukemia. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol; 2010 Dec;6(4):306-19
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  • [Title] Clinical relevance of FLT3 receptor protein expression in Indian patients with acute leukemia.
  • AIM: FLT3 is a receptor tyrosine kinase that plays an important role in the pathogenesis of leukemia.
  • The present study aimed to evaluate the role of FLT3 protein in patients with acute leukemia.
  • METHOD: FLT3 protein was quantified by flow cytometry on leukemic blasts using CD135 antibody in 160 patients with acute leukemia.
  • RESULTS: We demonstrated FLT3 protein expression (>20%) in 82% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 60% of B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), 23% of T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and 80% of biphenotypic leukemia.
  • Further, FLT3 expression was seen to be significantly higher in AMLM2, M4, and M5 than in AMLM3.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
  • (PMID = 21114781.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-7563
  • [Journal-full-title] Asia-Pacific journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asia Pac J Clin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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43. Konuma T, Tomonari A, Takahashi S, Ooi J, Tsukada N, Yamada T, Sato H, Nagayama H, Iseki T, Tojo A, Asano S: Early-onset thyrotoxicosis after unrelated cord blood transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia. Int J Hematol; 2006 May;83(4):348-50
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  • [Title] Early-onset thyrotoxicosis after unrelated cord blood transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • Patient 1 is a 32-year-old woman with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)-M5a who underwent CBT.
  • Patient 2 is a 42-year-old man with AML-M4 who underwent CBT.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoimmune Diseases / blood. Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Thyrotoxicosis / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Autoantibodies / blood. Autoantibodies / immunology. Female. Humans. Iodide Peroxidase / immunology. Male. Remission, Spontaneous. Thyroxine / blood. Thyroxine / immunology. Transplantation, Homologous. Triiodothyronine / blood. Triiodothyronine / immunology


44. Ruiz-Argüelles GJ, Morales-Toquero A, Manzano C, Ruiz-Delgado GJ, Jaramillo P, Gonzalez-Carrillo ML, Reyes-Núñez V: t(8;21) (q22;q22) acute myelogenous leukemia in Mexico: a single institution experience. Hematology; 2006 Aug;11(4):235-8
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  • [Title] t(8;21) (q22;q22) acute myelogenous leukemia in Mexico: a single institution experience.
  • We analyze the prevalence and clinical features of a group of patients with t(8;21) (q22;q22) acute myeloblastic leukemia, identified in a single institution in México over a 10-year period.
  • According to the French-American-British (FAB) morphological classification of leukemia, the morphology was M2 in four cases, M4 in three cases, M3 in one case and M0 in one.
  • In this single-center experience in México, we found that the t(8;21) (q22;q22) variant of leukemia was more frequent than in Caucasian populations, that the co-expression of lymphoid markers in the blast cells is very frequent and that this malignancy is associated with a relatively good prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation / statistics & numerical data. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Child. Child, Preschool. Combined Modality Therapy. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Disease-Free Survival. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Infant. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Mexico / epidemiology. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Prospective Studies. Remission Induction. Salvage Therapy. Transplantation, Autologous / statistics & numerical data. Transplantation, Homologous / statistics & numerical data. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17178661.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-8454
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AML1-ETO fusion protein, human; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin
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45. Assouline S, Culjkovic B, Cocolakis E, Rousseau C, Beslu N, Amri A, Caplan S, Leber B, Roy DC, Miller WH Jr, Borden KL: Molecular targeting of the oncogene eIF4E in acute myeloid leukemia (AML): a proof-of-principle clinical trial with ribavirin. Blood; 2009 Jul 9;114(2):257-60
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  • [Title] Molecular targeting of the oncogene eIF4E in acute myeloid leukemia (AML): a proof-of-principle clinical trial with ribavirin.
  • The eukaryotic translation initiation factor eIF4E is elevated in 30% of malignancies including M4/M5 subtypes of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • We tested the clinical efficacy of targeting eIF4E in M4/M5 AML patients with a physical mimic of the m(7)G cap, ribavirin.
  • [MeSH-major] Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E / antagonists & inhibitors. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Ribavirin / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged


46. Callera F, Mulin CC, Rosa ES, Melo DB, Melo CM: High prevalence of morphological subtype FAB M1 in adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia in São José dos Campos, São Paulo. Sao Paulo Med J; 2006 Jan 5;124(1):45-7
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  • [Title] High prevalence of morphological subtype FAB M1 in adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia in São José dos Campos, São Paulo.
  • CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Geographical variations have been described in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
  • METHODS: Records from 39 consecutive adult patients with de novo AML referred to Hospital Pio XII between January 2002 and September 2004 were reviewed.
  • The rates of remission, relapse, mortality according treatment phase, survival and leukemia-free survival were calculated.
  • RESULTS: The prevalence of each category as determined via a consensus among five observers was M0: 0%; M1: 43.6%; M2: 30.7%; M3: 12.8%; M4: 5.1%; M5: 2.6%: M6: 2.6%; and M7: 2.6%.
  • The survival rate was 30% and leukemia-free survival was 33%.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Distribution. Brazil / epidemiology. Female. Genetic Heterogeneity. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prevalence. Retrospective Studies. Sex Distribution. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 16612463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1516-3180
  • [Journal-full-title] São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sao Paulo Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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47. Hentschel N, Krusch M, Kiener PA, Kolb HJ, Salih HR, Schmetzer HM: Serum levels of sCD137 (4-1BB) ligand are prognostic factors for progression in acute myeloid leukemia but not in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Eur J Haematol; 2006 Aug;77(2):91-101
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  • [Title] Serum levels of sCD137 (4-1BB) ligand are prognostic factors for progression in acute myeloid leukemia but not in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • In this study, we correlated sCD137L and sCD178 levels in sera of 42 samples of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 46 samples of patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with stages, subtypes, and the clinical course of the diseases and determined cut-off values with maximum probability for significant differentiation between cases with higher/lower probability for progress free survival.
  • Statistically significant higher median levels of sCD137L are present in patients with undifferentiated AML (M1/M2, 1,470 pg/mL), poor cytogenetic risk (288 pg/mL) and higher levels of BM-blasts (186 pg/mL) compared with patients with monocytoid AML (M4/M5, 89 pg/mL), intermediate cytogenetic risk (59 pg/mL) and lower levels of BM-blasts (14 pg/mL) respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid / blood. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / blood. Membrane Glycoproteins / blood. Neoplasm Proteins / blood. Tumor Necrosis Factors / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] 4-1BB Ligand. Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Blast Crisis / blood. Child, Preschool. Disease Progression. Disease-Free Survival. Fas Ligand Protein. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / blood. Lymphoma, B-Cell / blood. Lymphoma, T-Cell / blood. Male. Middle Aged. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / blood. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Solubility. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16800841.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 4-1BB Ligand; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / FASLG protein, human; 0 / Fas Ligand Protein; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / TNFSF9 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factors
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48. Cen D, Lü JX, Pei RZ, Tu ZG, Yu XL, Wen YA: [The clinical significance of real-time fluorescence PCR quantification of hepatocyte growth factor mRNA expression in acute leukemia]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2008 May;47(5):401-4
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  • [Title] [The clinical significance of real-time fluorescence PCR quantification of hepatocyte growth factor mRNA expression in acute leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To detect quantitatively hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) mRNA expressions of bone marrow mononuclear cells (MNCs) in acute leukemia (AL) and investigate its clinical significance.
  • RESULTS: Expressions of HGF mRNA in a group of AL were higher significantly than these in a control group (6.936 +/- 1.613, 0.407 +/- 0.170, P < 0.001), but there was similarity between a group of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and group of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (7.127 +/- 1.911, 6.635 +/- 0.934, P > 0.05).
  • In AL subtypes, the expression of M5 (9.998 +/- 1.454) was higher than that of M2, M3, M4, L1, L2 and L3 (P < 0.001), but there were no differences among the latters (P > 0.05).
  • [MeSH-major] Hepatocyte Growth Factor / genetics. Leukemia / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Fluorescence. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18953951.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 67256-21-7 / Hepatocyte Growth Factor
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49. Guan LJ, Zhang JH, Wang YX, Zhang N, Hu YP, Li ZG, Zhao W: [Expression of ubiquitin associated protein 1 gene and tumor-suppressor gene p16 in acute leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Oct;18(5):1119-23
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  • [Title] [Expression of ubiquitin associated protein 1 gene and tumor-suppressor gene p16 in acute leukemia].
  • In order to investigate the expression and the relationship of ubiquitin associated protein 1 (ubap1) gene and tumor-suppressor gene p16 in acute leukemia, 68 cases of acute leukemia and 22 control cases were selected in this experiment, FQ-PCR technique was used to detect the mRNA expression level of ubap1 gene and p16 gene in their bone marrow cells.
  • The results showed that as compared with the control group, the ubap1 gene in acute leukemia group highly expressed (p<0.01), while the p16 gene lowly expressed (p<0.01).
  • But grouping of patients according to FAB revealed that as compared with the control group, the ubap1 gene expression displayed statistical difference only in M4 and M5 of adult AML (p<0.05), while the p16 gene expression in all groups of adult AML showed significant difference (p<0.05) except M1 and M2.
  • It is concluded that the upregulation of ubap1 gene expression mainly and the downregulation of p16 gene expression mainly may simultaneously participate in the pathogenesis of acute leukemia.
  • High expression of ubap1 gene influences the M4 and M5 subtypes in AML.

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  • (PMID = 21129243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / UBAP1 protein, human
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50. Graf M, Reif S, Kröll T, Hecht K, Nuessler V, Schmetzer H: Expression of MAC-1 (CD11b) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with an unfavorable prognosis. Am J Hematol; 2006 Apr;81(4):227-35
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  • [Title] Expression of MAC-1 (CD11b) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with an unfavorable prognosis.
  • There is evidence to suggest, that cellular adhesion molecules and receptors could play a role in leukemia, e.g., through altered adhesive qualities of leukemic blasts.
  • Within the FAB types, we observed a high expression rate in cases with M5 (100% MAC-1+ cases, 73% MAC-1+ cells), M4 (75% MAC-1+ cases, 48% MAC-1+ cells) and in cases with FAB-M1 with 71% MAC-1+ cases and 29% MAC-1+ cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD11b / blood. Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Blast Crisis / blood. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cohort Studies. Endothelial Cells / metabolism. Endothelial Cells / pathology. Female. Humans. Macrophage-1 Antigen / blood. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Risk Factors

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16550517.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD11b; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Macrophage-1 Antigen
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51. Lu G, Yin CC, Medeiros LJ, Abruzzo LV: Deletion 15q as the sole abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia: report of three cases and review of the literature. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Jan 15;188(2):118-23
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  • [Title] Deletion 15q as the sole abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia: report of three cases and review of the literature.
  • Deletions within the long arm of chromosome 15, a recurrent abnormality in myeloid malignancies, have been reported previously as a sole abnormality in only eight cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • We describe three new cases of AML with this abnormality, all adult women (age, 41-66 years).
  • Two cases were acute myelomonocytic leukemia (FAB AML-M4), and one was acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (FAB AML-M2).
  • These cases often show features of myelomonocytic or monocytic differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Sequence Deletion
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Chromosome Banding. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunophenotyping. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping

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  • (PMID = 19100517.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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52. Lai YY, Qiu JY, Jiang B, Lu XJ, Huang XJ, Liu YR, Shi Y, Dang H, He Q, Lu DP: [Analysis of characteristics of 72 cases of t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia]. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao; 2005 Jun 18;37(3):245-8
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  • [Title] [Analysis of characteristics of 72 cases of t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia].
  • RESULTS: According to FAB classification, there were 65 cases of M2, 5 cases of M4 and 2 of M5.
  • There were no obvious differences between these two groups in their features of age distribution, bone marrow blast cells, Auer rods, eosinophilia, immunophenotype, as well as central nervous system leukemia occurrence and complete remission rate of induction, but a male prevalence and a lower initial WBC were observed in Group B.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Aberrations. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15968311.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-167X
  • [Journal-full-title] Beijing da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Peking University. Health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AML1-ETO fusion protein, human; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
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53. Eljaafari A, Van Snick J, Voisin A, Cormont F, Farre A, Bienvenu J, Bernaud J, Rigal D, Thomas X: Alloreaction increases or restores CD40, CD54, and/or HLA molecule expression in acute myelogenous leukemia blasts, through secretion of inflammatory cytokines: Dominant role for TNFbeta, in concert with IFNgamma. Leukemia; 2006 Nov;20(11):1992-2001
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  • [Title] Alloreaction increases or restores CD40, CD54, and/or HLA molecule expression in acute myelogenous leukemia blasts, through secretion of inflammatory cytokines: Dominant role for TNFbeta, in concert with IFNgamma.
  • Here, we addressed whether alloreaction-derived cytokines may also lead to acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) blast differentiation.
  • With this aim, supernatant (sn) harvested from major or minor histocompatibility antigen-mismatched mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) were used to culture French American Bristish (FAB) type M4 or M5 AML blasts.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD40 / metabolism. Histocompatibility Antigens Class II / metabolism. Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 / metabolism. Interferon-gamma / metabolism. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Lymphotoxin-alpha / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antibodies / pharmacology. Blood Proteins / chemistry. Blood Proteins / pharmacology. Cell Differentiation / drug effects. Cell Differentiation / physiology. Cells, Cultured. Culture Media, Serum-Free. Female. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Interleukin-1 / immunology. Interleukin-1 / metabolism. Interleukin-2 / metabolism. Interleukin-6 / immunology. Interleukin-6 / metabolism. Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed. Male. Middle Aged. Molecular Weight. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / immunology. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / metabolism. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 16990783.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Antigens, CD40; 0 / Blood Proteins; 0 / Culture Media, Serum-Free; 0 / Histocompatibility Antigens Class II; 0 / Interleukin-1; 0 / Interleukin-2; 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Lymphotoxin-alpha; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 126547-89-5 / Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
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54. Abdel Alim A, Youssef SR, Farouk HM: The prognostic potential of bone marrow cyclin E and P27, in Egyptian patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Egypt J Immunol; 2010;17(1):9-18
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  • [Title] The prognostic potential of bone marrow cyclin E and P27, in Egyptian patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • There are few molecular biologic determinants that may be prognostic for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Cyclin E was high among M4/M5 cases and low among M3 cases and showed a statistically significant positive correlation with percentage of blast cells, aberrant phenotype and abnormal karyotype at diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 22053605.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-4902
  • [Journal-full-title] The Egyptian journal of immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Egypt J Immunol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cyclin E; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27
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55. Pereira FG, Metze K, Costa FP, Lima CS, Lorand-Metze I: Phenotypic quantitative features of patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Neoplasma; 2006;53(2):155-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phenotypic quantitative features of patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • The recent WHO classification for acute myeloid leukemias (AML) separates entities by recurrent cytogenetic abnormalities and immunophenotypic features presenting prognostic impact.
  • Predominant FAB types were M2 and M4.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Immunophenotyping / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Antibodies, Monoclonal. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm, Residual. Phenotype. Prognosis. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16575472.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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56. Kufner S, Fleischer RP, Kroell T, Schmid C, Zitzelsberger H, Salih H, de Valle F, Treder W, Schmetzer HM: Serum-free generation and quantification of functionally active Leukemia-derived DC is possible from malignant blasts in acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes. Cancer Immunol Immunother; 2005 Oct;54(10):953-70
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  • [Title] Serum-free generation and quantification of functionally active Leukemia-derived DC is possible from malignant blasts in acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes.
  • Functional dendritic cells (DC) are professional antigen presenting cells (APC) and can be generated in vitro from leukemic cells from acute myeloid leukemia AML patients, giving rise to APC of leukemic origin presenting leukemic antigens (DC(leu)).
  • DC harvests were highest in monocytoid FAB types (AML-M4/M5, MDS-CMML) and independent from cytogenetic risk groups, demonstrating that DC-based strategies can be applied for patients with all cytogenetic risk groups.
  • Proof of the clonal derivation of DC generated was obtained in five AML and four MDS cases with a combined FISH/immunophenotype analysis (FISH-IPA): The clonal numerical chromosome aberrations of the diseases were regularly codetectable with DC markers; however, not with all clonal cells being convertible to leukemia-derived DC(leu) (on average, 53% of blasts in AML or MDS).
  • (1) the generation of DC is regularly possible in AML and also in MDS under serum-free conditions. (2) Clonal/leukemia-derived DC(leu) can be regularly generated from MDS and AML-MNC; however, not with all blasts being converted to DC(leu) and not all DC generated carrying leukemic markers.
  • We recommend to select DC(leu) for vaccinations or ex vivo T-cell activations to avoid contaminations with non-converted blasts and non-leukemia-derived DC and to improve the harvest of specific, anti-leukemic T cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Dendritic Cells / immunology. Leukemia, Myeloid / immunology. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / immunology. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Antigen-Presenting Cells. Antigens, CD. Antigens, CD80 / immunology. Antigens, CD80 / metabolism. Blast Crisis. Cell Culture Techniques. Culture Media, Serum-Free. Female. Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology. Humans. Immunoglobulins / immunology. Immunoglobulins / metabolism. Interleukin-4 / pharmacology. Lymphocyte Activation. Male. Membrane Glycoproteins / immunology. Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. T-Lymphocytes / immunology. T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 15789235.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-7004
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Immunol. Immunother.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD80; 0 / CD83 antigen; 0 / Culture Media, Serum-Free; 0 / Immunoglobulins; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; 207137-56-2 / Interleukin-4; 83869-56-1 / Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
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57. Charafeddine KM, Mahfouz RA, Zaatari GS, Ibrahim GY, Muwakkit SA, Najm ND, Farra CG: Essential thrombocythemia with myelofibrosis transformed into acute myeloid leukemia with der(1;15)(q10;q10): case report and literature review. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2010 Jul 1;200(1):28-33
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  • [Title] Essential thrombocythemia with myelofibrosis transformed into acute myeloid leukemia with der(1;15)(q10;q10): case report and literature review.
  • We herein report the first case in the literature, to our knowledge, of a 44-year-old female with essential thrombocythemia and severe myelofibrosis who developed acute myeloid leukemia (AML-M4) with der(1;15)(q10;q10) after 13 years of treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Primary Myelofibrosis / genetics. Thrombocythemia, Essential / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chromosome Aberrations. Female. Humans


58. Gallegos-Castorena S, Medina-Sanson A, Gonzalez-Ramella O, Sanchez-Zubieta F, Martínez-Avalos A: Improved treatment results in Mexican children with acute myeloid leukemia using a Medical Research Council (MRC)-acute myeloid leukemia 10 modified protocol. Leuk Lymphoma; 2009 Jul;50(7):1132-7
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  • [Title] Improved treatment results in Mexican children with acute myeloid leukemia using a Medical Research Council (MRC)-acute myeloid leukemia 10 modified protocol.
  • Patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia 0 to 18 years were included.
  • Patients with >100,000 leukocytes, M4 or M5 and primary CNS disease were considered high risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Child. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Medical Oncology / methods. Mexico. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19557634.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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59. Klobusicka M, Kusenda J, Babusikova O: Myeloid enzymes profile related to the immunophenotypic characteristics of blast cells from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at diagnosis. Neoplasma; 2005;52(3):211-8
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  • [Title] Myeloid enzymes profile related to the immunophenotypic characteristics of blast cells from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) at diagnosis.
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the possible relationship between the cytochemical enzyme profile and immunophenotypic characteristics of distinct acute myeloid leukemia (AML) subtypes in discrete stages of leukemic cells maturation.
  • As the proportion of leukemic blast cells is critical for exact cytochemical analysis, study was restricted to the evaluation of 48 adult and pediatric patients with newly diagnosed AMLs with 80% or more blasts in analyzed samples.
  • The patients were classified into AML subtypes M0- M2, M3, M4 and M5 according to the main morphological, cytochemical and immunophenotypical features.
  • The cytochemical profile of blasts was in concordance with immunophenotype, particularly in more differentiated AML subtypes, M3, M4 and M5.
  • [MeSH-major] Granulocyte Precursor Cells / enzymology. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid / classification. Leukemia, Myeloid / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Antigens, CD / analysis. Azo Compounds. Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases / analysis. Child. Female. HLA-DR Antigens / analysis. Humans. Male. Naphthalenes. Peroxidase / analysis

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  • (PMID = 15875082.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Azo Compounds; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Naphthalenes; 9YDL1Q990E / Sudan Black B; EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase; EC 3.1.1.- / Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases; EC 3.1.1.- / naphthylbutyrate esterase
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60. Wang Y, Xue Y, Chen S, Wu Y, Pan J, Zhang J, Shen J: [A clinical and laboratory study on acute myeloid leukemia with t(6;9)(p23;q34)]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Feb;27(1):34-7
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  • [Title] [A clinical and laboratory study on acute myeloid leukemia with t(6;9)(p23;q34)].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical and laboratory features of 6 cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with t(6;9)(p23;q34).
  • RESULTS: The t(6;9)(p23;q34) was found in all the 6 cases including 4 cases of M2 and 2 cases of M4.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD / genetics. Antigens, CD13 / genetics. Antigens, CD34 / genetics. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / genetics. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3

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  • (PMID = 20140864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-9406
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 3.4.11.2 / Antigens, CD13
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61. Zhang XH, Hu Y, Bao L, Jiang Q, Yang LH, Lu XJ, Hong M, Xia LH, Guo T, Shen GX, Zhu HH, Zhao T, Song SJ: Arsenic trioxide downregulates the expression of annexin II in bone marrow cells from patients with acute myelogenous leukemia. Chin Med J (Engl); 2009 Sep 5;122(17):1969-73
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  • [Title] Arsenic trioxide downregulates the expression of annexin II in bone marrow cells from patients with acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Most patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) suffer from disordered hemostasis.
  • We have previously shown that annexin II (Ann II), a high-affinity co-receptor for plasminogen/tissue plasminogen activator, plays a central role in primary hyperfibrinolysis in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
  • RESULTS: Before As2O3 treatment, Ann II mRNA expression (real-time PCR) was the highest in M3 cells (P < 0.05), higher in M5 cells than that in M1, M2, M4, and M6 cells (P < 0.001), and positively correlated with Ann II protein expression (flow cytometry) (r = 0.752, P < 0.01).
  • The rate of plasmin generation was higher in APL, M5, and M4 cells than in M1, M2, and M6 cells.
  • Furthermore, As2O3 affects more than one form of AML (APL, M4 and M5), suggesting its potential role in their management.
  • [MeSH-major] Annexin A2 / metabolism. Arsenicals / pharmacology. Bone Marrow Cells / drug effects. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Down-Regulation / drug effects. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / metabolism. Oxides / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cell Survival / drug effects. Cells, Cultured. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19781379.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Annexin A2; 0 / Arsenicals; 0 / Oxides; S7V92P67HO / arsenic trioxide
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62. Kebriaei P, Kline J, Stock W, Kasza K, Le Beau MM, Larson RA, van Besien K: Impact of disease burden at time of allogeneic stem cell transplantation in adults with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2005 May;35(10):965-70
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  • [Title] Impact of disease burden at time of allogeneic stem cell transplantation in adults with acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes.
  • The impact of disease burden on the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) has not been well defined.
  • Data from several retrospective series suggest that overt leukemia at the time of transplant increases the risk of relapse.
  • AML subtypes based on the FAB classification were as follows: M0=9, M1=9, M2=16, M3=2, M4=16, M5=3, M6=5.
  • Using standard morphologic criteria, 34 patients were in complete remission (CR) and 34 had visible leukemia present.
  • (1) increased percentage of blasts in the bone marrow at the time of SCT, (2) presence of acute graft-versus-host disease, (3) mismatched donor, (4) Zubrod performance score of >/=2, and (5) age >/=45 years.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cost of Illness. Female. Graft vs Host Disease / etiology. Histocompatibility Testing. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Transplantation, Homologous


63. Lin HR, Wang YZ, Wang DX, Chang Y, Hao L, Qin YZ, Li JL, Li LD, Huang XJ, Liu YR: [Quantitative analysis of dendritic cell subsets in bone marrow of patients with acute myeloid leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Oct;17(5):1249-54
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  • [Title] [Quantitative analysis of dendritic cell subsets in bone marrow of patients with acute myeloid leukemia].
  • In order to study the quantity of dendritic cell (DC) subsets of bone marrow in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the bone marrow aspirate were collected from 77 newly diagnosed AML patients and from 30 healthy persons.
  • In subtypes of AML-M2, AML-M3 or AML-M4/5, 81.4%, 100% and 42.1% patients showed mDC decrease and 88.4%, 100% and 89.5% patients showed pDC decrease respectively by 4-color cytometric analysis.
  • The percentages of patients with mDC normal or mDC increase in AML-M4/5 subtypes are more than that in AML-M2/3 subtypes, while the pDC does not show difference between AML subtypes.

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  • (PMID = 19840461.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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64. Cheng Y, Wang Y, Wang H, Chen Z, Lou J, Xu H, Wang H, Qian W, Meng H, Lin M, Jin J: Cytogenetic profile of de novo acute myeloid leukemia: a study based on 1432 patients in a single institution of China. Leukemia; 2009 Oct;23(10):1801-6
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  • [Title] Cytogenetic profile of de novo acute myeloid leukemia: a study based on 1432 patients in a single institution of China.
  • Geographic heterogeneity of cytogenetic patterns in hematological malignancies has been reported earlier, but few systematic studies of cytogenetic abnormalities in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients are available.
  • A higher incidence of AML M3 and a lower frequency of M4 were observed in the Asian population and the frequencies of certain cytogenetic aberrations were different from those in the earlier reports.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / classification. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. China / epidemiology. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Incidence. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Sex Factors. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19474801.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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65. Zelezníková T, Babusíková O: The value of dot plot patterns and leukemia-associated phenotypes in AML diagnosis by multiparameter flow cytometry. Neoplasma; 2005;52(6):517-22
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  • [Title] The value of dot plot patterns and leukemia-associated phenotypes in AML diagnosis by multiparameter flow cytometry.
  • The immunophenotypic features in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were investigated at diagnosis using a wide antibody panel including progenitor-associated, myeloid and lymphoid markers in quadruple combinations.
  • Analyzed were bone marrow samples from 37 adult and pediatric patients for exact identification of AML blasts according their localization on CD45/SSC dot plots and aberrant immunophenotypes in various subtype of AML.
  • We found the localization of AML blasts on CD45/SSC dot plots, which in combination with immunophenotype profile of blasts allow discrimination of several AML subtypes (M0-M2, M3, M4/M5 and other types).
  • In 27/37 AML patients (73%) at least one leukemia-associated phenotype (LAP) was found, two or more aberrancies coexisted in more than a half of them (78%).
  • [MeSH-major] Flow Cytometry. Granulocyte Precursor Cells / enzymology. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid / classification. Leukemia, Myeloid / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD / analysis. Blast Crisis / diagnosis. Blast Crisis / immunology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. HLA-DR Antigens / analysis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Neoplasm, Residual / immunology. Phenotype

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  • (PMID = 16284699.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens
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66. Zhu YL, Zhang Y, Zhu P, Yang Y, Du JW, Liu J: [Role of molecular screening for common fusion genes in the diagnosis and classification of leukemia]. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao; 2005 Jun 18;37(3):236-9
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  • [Title] [Role of molecular screening for common fusion genes in the diagnosis and classification of leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of common fusion genes analysis in the diagnosis and classification of leukemia by multiplex RT-PCR.
  • METHODS: The multiplex RT-PCR, including 8 parallel PCR reactions, could screen 86 mRNA breakpoints or splice variants at the same time, which was important for the diagnosis and prognosis of leukemia.
  • Bone marrow samples from 161 cases of leukemia and 8 cases of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) were involved in the study.
  • The distribution of common fusion genes in leukemia was analyzed by the method mentioned above in combination with clinical and morphological features.
  • RESULTS: Ten fusion genes were detected in 115 cases of leukemia, including AML1/ETO, PML/RAR alpha, PLZF/RAR alpha, dupMLL, MLL/AF6, MLL/AF10, CBFbeta/MYH11, BCR/ABL, Hox11, and EVI1 BCR/ABL was positive in all the 52 cases of chronic myeloid leukemia; PML/RAR alpha was found in 21 of 25 acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), and PLZF/RAR alpha was detected in one case of APL.
  • Sixteen cases of 17 AML1/ETO-positive acute leukemia (AL) belonged to FAB-M2 subtype, and one case was mixed leukemia.
  • Three of 4 AL cases carrying CBFbeta/MYH11 were M4 subtype, and one was M5 subtype.
  • Furthermore, BCR/ABL was detected in 5 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases.
  • CONCLUSION: Screening of common fusion genes by multiplex RT-PCR is an important tool which could provide useful and reliable molecular genetic information for the diagnosis and treatment of leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl / genetics. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 15968309.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-167X
  • [Journal-full-title] Beijing da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Peking University. Health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AML1-ETO fusion protein, human; 0 / CBFbeta-MYH11 fusion protein; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; EC 2.7.10.2 / Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl
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67. Monma F, Nishii K, Shiga J, Sugahara H, Lorenzo F 5th, Watanabe Y, Kawakami K, Hosokai N, Yamamori S, Katayama N, Shiku H: Detection of the CBFB/MYH11 fusion gene in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML): a single-institution study of 224 Japanese AML patients. Leuk Res; 2007 Apr;31(4):471-6
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  • [Title] Detection of the CBFB/MYH11 fusion gene in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML): a single-institution study of 224 Japanese AML patients.
  • The cytogenetic findings in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are a powerful prognostic indicator.
  • In this study, we used RT-PCR and FISH analysis to examine 224 Japanese adult de novo AML patients for the presence of the CBFB/MYH11 fusion transcript at the time of diagnosis.
  • AML with the CBFB/MYH11 fusion gene but without inv(16) was found in M2, M4, and M5, but not in M4E patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Chromosome Inversion / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Incidence. Japan. RNA, Neoplasm / genetics. RNA, Neoplasm / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 17052753.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CBFbeta-MYH11 fusion protein; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm
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68. Pogoda JM, Katz J, McKean-Cowdin R, Nichols PW, Ross RK, Preston-Martin S: Prescription drug use and risk of acute myeloid leukemia by French-American-British subtype: results from a Los Angeles County case-control study. Int J Cancer; 2005 Apr 20;114(4):634-8
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  • [Title] Prescription drug use and risk of acute myeloid leukemia by French-American-British subtype: results from a Los Angeles County case-control study.
  • Chemotherapy is a well-established risk factor for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) but little is known about other prescription drugs and AML risk.
  • For subtype M4, ORs increased with increasing duration of benzodiazepine use in the 2 to 10 years before diagnosis (OR = 1.5, CI: 0.3, 9.0 for < or =6 months vs. OR = 5.0, CI: 0.6, 42.8 for >6 months).
  • [MeSH-major] Drug Prescriptions. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / chemically induced. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / classification. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacology. Benzodiazepines / adverse effects. Case-Control Studies. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Drug Therapy. Female. Humans. Los Angeles. Male. Middle Aged. Odds Ratio. Risk. Risk Factors. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 15609330.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / 5 P30 ES07048-06; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA17054; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CN / N01-CN-25403
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 12794-10-4 / Benzodiazepines
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69. Bedekovics J, Rejto L, Telek B, Udvardy M, Ujfalusi A, Oláh E, Hevessy Z, Kappelmayer J, Kajtár B, Méhes G: [Immunohistochemical demonstration of mutant nucleophosmin in acute myeloid leukemia: biological and clinical features related to NPMc expression]. Orv Hetil; 2009 May 31;150(22):1031-5
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  • [Title] [Immunohistochemical demonstration of mutant nucleophosmin in acute myeloid leukemia: biological and clinical features related to NPMc expression].
  • The mutation of the nucleophosmin gene (NPM1) is the most frequently occurring genetic aberration in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • 41 adult AML cases were investigated in our center between 2005 and 2008, 6/41 cases were presented with cytoplasmic NPM immunostaining (14.6%).
  • The NPMc+ group displayed M2 or M4 morphology, low CD34, c-kit and HLA-DR expression making a clear phenotypic distinction from the unaffected cases possible.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Bone Marrow / chemistry. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Mutation. Nuclear Proteins / analysis. Nuclear Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19465351.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 117896-08-9 / nucleophosmin
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70. Graf M, Reif S, Hecht K, Pelka-Fleischer R, Pfister K, Schmetzer H: High expression of urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (UPA-R) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with worse prognosis. Am J Hematol; 2005 May;79(1):26-35
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  • [Title] High expression of urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (UPA-R) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with worse prognosis.
  • We studied the expression of the UPA-R on bone marrow (BM) cells of 93 patients with acute myeloid leukemia at first diagnosis and 8 healthy probands as controls by FACS analysis using phycoerythrin (PE)-conjugated antibodies.
  • Expression of UPA-R was heterogeneous in different FAB types, however, with the highest expression rates in monocytic subtypes (FAB M4/M5): 18%/19%/30% of UPA-R+ cases were found in M1/M2 or M3, and 58%/80% of cases with M4 or M5 were UPA-R+.
  • Proportions of UPA-R+ cells varied between 1% and 98% of the mononuclear cell fractions, with the highest proportions in M4/M5 subtypes (on average 27%/40% UPA-R+ cells) and the lowest expression in AML M2 (11% UPA-R+ cells).
  • The density of expressed UPA-R, estimated as mean channel fluorescence activity, was highest in cases with AML M1 (mFI: 124) followed by M4 and M5 (mFI: 78/77) and lowest in AML M2 (mFI: 43).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Antigens, CD / genetics. Bone Marrow Cells / immunology. Female. Flow Cytometry. Genetic Markers. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Prognosis. Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator

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  • [Copyright] 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15849776.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Genetic Markers; 0 / PLAUR protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator
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71. Dăscălescu A, Zlei M, Grigore G, Dănăila C, Jitaru D, Carasevici E: [Prognostic significance of leukemia-associated phenotype in correlation with other biologic markers in acute myeloid leukemia patients]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi; 2009 Oct-Dec;113(4):1176-81
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  • [Title] [Prognostic significance of leukemia-associated phenotype in correlation with other biologic markers in acute myeloid leukemia patients].
  • The main aim of the current study is to identify correlation between recognized prognostic factors in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and other phenotypic markers.
  • MATERIAL AND METHOD: Imunophenotypic analysis (BDFACS CantoII, FACSDiva Software) was performed on peripheral blood/bone marrow aspirate samples of 56 patients diagnosed with AML (9 M0, 3 M1, 10 M2, 4 M3, 28 M4/M5, 1 M6, 1 M7) between 2007-2009 in Hematology Department of "Sf.
  • RESULTS: In our study, IL7R expression on AML blasts was significant correlate with low WBC count at diagnosis (p = 0.04) and with multilinear displasia (p = 0.01), high CXCR4 expression was correlate (p = 0.05) with lack of response at first induction therapy and CD123 (IL3Ra) expression was correlate with M4 FAB phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Receptors, Chemokine / blood. Receptors, Cytokine / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Phenotype. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. Receptors, CCR5 / blood. Receptors, CXCR4 / blood. Receptors, Interleukin-3 / blood. Receptors, Interleukin-7 / blood. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 20191895.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7848
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti din Iaş̧i
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, CCR5; 0 / Receptors, CXCR4; 0 / Receptors, Chemokine; 0 / Receptors, Cytokine; 0 / Receptors, Interleukin-3; 0 / Receptors, Interleukin-7
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72. Bacher U, Kern W, Schnittger S, Hiddemann W, Schoch C, Haferlach T: Further correlations of morphology according to FAB and WHO classification to cytogenetics in de novo acute myeloid leukemia: a study on 2,235 patients. Ann Hematol; 2005 Nov;84(12):785-91
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  • [Title] Further correlations of morphology according to FAB and WHO classification to cytogenetics in de novo acute myeloid leukemia: a study on 2,235 patients.
  • In routine diagnostic procedures of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the French-American-British (FAB) and World Health Organization (WHO) classifications both play a central role.
  • We evaluated cytogenetics in 2,235 patients at diagnosis of AML with the FAB subtypes M0-2, M4, and M5-7.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / classification. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Male. Middle Aged. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Retrospective Studies. World Health Organization

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  • (PMID = 16132906.001).
  • [ISSN] 0939-5555
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein
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73. Daneshbod Y, Amirghofran Z, Tabei SZ: Bcl-2 expression in acute myelogenous leukemia: the relation to myeloid antigen expression and response to therapy in Iranian patients. Neoplasma; 2005;52(2):109-14
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  • [Title] Bcl-2 expression in acute myelogenous leukemia: the relation to myeloid antigen expression and response to therapy in Iranian patients.
  • Bcl-2 expression showed an association with M4 and M5 subtypes (p<0.01) and was correlated with clinical parameters including WBC and platelet count, extramedullary disease and Hb level.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD11 / biosynthesis. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / biosynthesis. Gene Expression Profiling. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Child. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Iran. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15800708.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD11; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3
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74. Inoue H, Matsushita K, Arima N, Hamada H, Uozumi K, Ozaki A, Akimoto M, Kawada H, Kukita T, Yoshimitsu M, Matsumoto T, Tei C: High prevalence of human T-lymphotropic virus type I carriers among patients with myelodysplastic syndrome refractory anemia with excess of blasts (RAEB), RAEB in transformation and acute promyelocytic leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2008 Feb;49(2):315-21
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  • [Title] High prevalence of human T-lymphotropic virus type I carriers among patients with myelodysplastic syndrome refractory anemia with excess of blasts (RAEB), RAEB in transformation and acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • We examined human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) infection among patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), refractory anemia with excess of blasts (RAEB)/RAEB in transformation (RAEBt) and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
  • The study population consisted of 151 patients: 46 with MDS RAEB/RAEBt and 105 with AML (M1, n = 15; M2, n = 39; M3, n = 18; M4, n = 19; M5, n = 9; M6, n = 3; M7, n = 2).
  • Seven AML patients with HTLV-I infection had M3 acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
  • [MeSH-major] Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts / virology. HTLV-I Infections / epidemiology. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / virology. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / virology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Platelet Count. Prevalence. Survival Rate


75. Arnaud B, Douet-Guilbert N, Morel F, Le Bris MJ, Herry A, Banzakour S, Bourquard P, Morice P, Le Calvez G, Marion V, Abgrall JF, Berthou C, De Braekeleer M: Screening by fluorescence in situ hybridization for MLL status at diagnosis in 239 unselected patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 Sep;161(2):110-5
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  • [Title] Screening by fluorescence in situ hybridization for MLL status at diagnosis in 239 unselected patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • A large number of abnormalities involving the MLL gene have been associated with hematological malignancies, including acute myeloblastic leukemias (AML).
  • MLL abnormalities were more frequently found in AML-M5 and M4, mainly as rearrangements, and in AML-M2, mainly as overrepresentation.
  • All M2, M4, and M5 AML patients without known recurrent translocations, such as t(8;21) and inv(16), should be investigated by FISH with an MLL probe because it allows the detection of MLL rearrangement that would go undetected by conventional cytogenetics and because it has the ability of detecting multiple copies of the MLL gene in, for example, marker chromosomes and double minutes.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Proto-Oncogenes / genetics. Transcription Factors / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Infant, Newborn. Male. Middle Aged. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein

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  • (PMID = 16102580.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / MLL protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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76. Nakamura S, Okinaka K, Hirano I, Ono T, Sugimoto Y, Shigeno K, Fujisawa S, Shinjo K, Ohnishi K: KIS induces proliferation and the cell cycle progression through the phosphorylation of p27Kip1 in leukemia cells. Leuk Res; 2008 Sep;32(9):1358-65
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  • [Title] KIS induces proliferation and the cell cycle progression through the phosphorylation of p27Kip1 in leukemia cells.
  • We showed that KIS protein directly interacted with p27(Kip1) protein, and reduction of KIS inhibited the S10 phosphorylation of p27(Kip1) in leukemia cells.
  • We showed that KIS mRNA expression was increased in primary leukemia specimens (acute myelogenous leukemia (AML); 37, myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS); 72, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); 23), and the mean ratios of KIS to G3PDH in AML, MDS and ALL specimens were 3.62+/-0.68, 3.27+/-0.73 and 3.17+/-0.58, respectively.
  • Moreover, we found that KIS protein was overexpressed in all 132 adults cases of various leukemias, including 37 AML (8 M1, 12 M2, 2 M3, 7 M4, 8 M5), 72 MDS (42 RAEB-I, 30 REAB-II) and 23 ALL (23 L2).
  • This study demonstrates that the elevated levels of KIS protein in leukemia cells promote the cell cycle progression in leukemia cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Cycle / physiology. Cell Proliferation. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / physiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Blotting, Western. Bone Marrow / metabolism. Bone Marrow / pathology. Cells, Cultured. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27. Humans. Immunoprecipitation. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / pathology. Middle Aged. Phosphorylation. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 18384876.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDKN1B protein, human; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / UHMK1 protein, human
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77. Aoki T, Miyamoto T, Yoshida S, Yamamoto A, Yamauchi T, Yoshimoto G, Mori Y, Kamezaki K, Iwasaki H, Takenaka K, Harada N, Nagafuji K, Teshima T, Akashi K: Additional acquisition of t(1;21)(p32;q22) in a patient relapsing with acute myelogenous leukemia with NUP98-HOXA9. Int J Hematol; 2008 Dec;88(5):571-4
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  • [Title] Additional acquisition of t(1;21)(p32;q22) in a patient relapsing with acute myelogenous leukemia with NUP98-HOXA9.
  • We report a 29-year-old Japanese male with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)-M4 with a cryptic t(7;11)(p15;p15), in which a chimeric NUP98-HOXA9 fusion was detected by polymerase chain reaction analysis and a chromosomal analysis showed 46,XY.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human / genetics. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Homeodomain Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Asian Continental Ancestry Group. Humans. Japan. Male. Recurrence. Stem Cell Transplantation. Time Factors. Transplantation, Autologous

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  • (PMID = 19005624.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AML1-ETO fusion protein, human; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / NUP98-HOXA9 fusion protein, human; 0 / Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
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78. Abdelkefi A, Torjman L, Ladeb S, Sghaïer Z, Jeddi R, Lakhal A, Ramzu A, Gamoudi A, Othman TB: Isolated extramedullary relapse in the breast of a patient with acute myeloid leukemia following allogeneic stem cell transplantation: case report and review of the literature. Int J Hematol; 2007 Feb;85(2):149-53
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  • [Title] Isolated extramedullary relapse in the breast of a patient with acute myeloid leukemia following allogeneic stem cell transplantation: case report and review of the literature.
  • We report an unsual case of a woman with acute myeloid leukemia who showed an isolated extramedullary relapse (IEMR) in the breast following allogeneic stem cell transplantation and review the related literature.
  • The review suggests that an M2 or M4 phenotype in the French-American-British classification and a favorable cytogenetic risk group are more frequently associated with the occurrence of IEMR.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Stem Cell Transplantation
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Combined Modality Therapy. Humans. Male. Recurrence. Transplantation, Homologous


79. Johnston DL, Alonzo TA, Gerbing RB, Lange BJ, Woods WG: The presence of central nervous system disease at diagnosis in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia does not affect survival: a Children's Oncology Group study. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2010 Sep;55(3):414-20
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  • [Title] The presence of central nervous system disease at diagnosis in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia does not affect survival: a Children's Oncology Group study.
  • BACKGROUND: The presence of central nervous system (CNS) disease in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is often thought to confer a worse prognosis.
  • The risk factors found are young age, high white cell count, hepatomegaly or splenomegaly at diagnosis, M4 subtype, chromosome 16 abnormalities, and hyperdiploid cytogenetics.

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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  • (PMID = 20658610.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA98413; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098413; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098543; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098543-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA98543
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS218661; NLM/ PMC2990693
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80. Mazur G, Wróbel T, Butrym A, Kapelko-Słowik K, Poreba R, Kuliczkowski K: Increased monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1/CCL-2) serum level in acute myeloid leukemia. Neoplasma; 2007;54(4):285-9
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  • [Title] Increased monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1/CCL-2) serum level in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is an aggressive malignancy with accumulation of blasts in bone marrow.
  • Plasma samples from 65 adult patients with AML taken before chemotherapy and in complete remission were measured by enzyme linked immunoassay to evaluate CCL2 levels.
  • Significantly lower plasma level of CCL2 was observed in patients with M4 and M5 AML subtypes according to FAB classification.
  • [MeSH-major] Chemokine CCL2 / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 17822317.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chemokine CCL2
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81. Leong CF, Azma RZ, Cheong SK, Salwati S, Sharifah NA: Complex karyotypic abnormalities in a case of acute myeloid leukaemia--M4Eo. Malays J Pathol; 2005 Jun;27(1):45-50
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  • [Title] Complex karyotypic abnormalities in a case of acute myeloid leukaemia--M4Eo.
  • Full blood picture demonstrated leukocytosis with 90% blasts, and bone marrow examination confirmed the diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) French-American-British (FAB) classification of M4 with eosinophilia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. China / ethnology. Cytarabine / therapeutic use. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Injections, Spinal. Karyotyping. Male. Methotrexate / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16676693.001).
  • [ISSN] 0126-8635
  • [Journal-full-title] The Malaysian journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Malays J Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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82. Sazawal S, Kumar B, Hasan SK, Dutta P, Kumar R, Chaubey R, Mir R, Saxena R: Haematological & molecular profile of acute myelogenous leukaemia in India. Indian J Med Res; 2009 Mar;129(3):256-61
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  • [Title] Haematological & molecular profile of acute myelogenous leukaemia in India.
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Recurrent balanced translocations are generally recognized to be a major parameter for prognostication in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML).
  • The distribution of AML subtypes was M1(1), M2(32), M3(57), M4(14), M5(1), M6(1) and seven cases where morphological subtype could not be classified.
  • FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation was predominant in acute promyelocytic leukaemia patients with bcr3 isoform.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / epidemiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Female. Gene Duplication. Genetic Predisposition to Disease / epidemiology. Humans. India / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Prevalence. Prognosis. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Risk Factors. Young Adult. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19491417.001).
  • [ISSN] 0971-5916
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AML1-ETO fusion protein, human; 0 / CBFbeta-MYH11 fusion protein; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor alpha fusion oncoprotein; EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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83. Wang Q, Harrison JS, Uskokovic M, Kutner A, Studzinski GP: Translational study of vitamin D differentiation therapy of myeloid leukemia: effects of the combination with a p38 MAPK inhibitor and an antioxidant. Leukemia; 2005 Oct;19(10):1812-7
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  • [Title] Translational study of vitamin D differentiation therapy of myeloid leukemia: effects of the combination with a p38 MAPK inhibitor and an antioxidant.
  • Human myeloid leukemia cell lines are induced to terminal differentiation into monocyte lineage by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D3) or its analogs (deltanoids).
  • Our studies suggest that patients with CML or AML subtypes M2 and M4, but not M1, M3 or M4eo, are particularly suitable for this combination therapy.
  • We conclude that the established cell line HL60 presents a good model for some, but not all, subtypes of myeloid leukemia, and that the JNK pathway plays an important role in monocytic differentiation of human leukemic cells ex vivo, as well as in vitro.
  • [MeSH-major] Antioxidants / therapeutic use. Cell Differentiation / drug effects. Enzyme Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Vitamin D / analogs & derivatives. p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Calcium / metabolism. Cell Lineage. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Monocytes / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16107889.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antioxidants; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 1406-16-2 / Vitamin D; EC 2.7.11.24 / p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
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84. Novotny JR, Nückel H, Dührsen U: Correlation between expression of CD56/NCAM and severe leukostasis in hyperleukocytic acute myelomonocytic leukaemia. Eur J Haematol; 2006 Apr;76(4):299-308

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Correlation between expression of CD56/NCAM and severe leukostasis in hyperleukocytic acute myelomonocytic leukaemia.
  • OBJECTIVE: The possible contribution of surface molecules to the development of leukostasis syndrome in hyperleukocytic acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) was assessed by routine immunophenotyping and grading of the probability of clinical leukostasis.
  • RESULTS: In patients with acute monocytic leukaemia (AML M4/M5) the absolute count of leukaemic blasts expressing CD56/NCAM was highly associated with the development of symptoms graded as highly probable leukostasis and all three patients succumbing to early death were CD56 positive.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The expression of CD56/NCAM, a surface marker used in routine immunophenotyping of AML, may help to predict severe and potentially fatal leukostasis in hyperleukocytic acute myelomonocytic leukaemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD56 / blood. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / blood. Leukostasis / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Immunophenotyping / methods. Leukocyte Count / methods. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Neoplasm Staging / mortality. Risk Factors. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 16519701.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD56
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85. Mori Y, Yoshimoto G, Kumano T, Miyamoto T, Iino T, Takenaka K, Iwasaki H, Harada N, Kinukawa N, Nagafuji K, Teshima T, Shimoda K, Akashi K, Harada M: Distinctive expression of myelomonocytic markers and down-regulation of CD34 in acute myelogenous leukaemia with FLT3 tandem duplication and nucleophosmin mutation. Eur J Haematol; 2007 Jul;79(1):17-24
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  • [Title] Distinctive expression of myelomonocytic markers and down-regulation of CD34 in acute myelogenous leukaemia with FLT3 tandem duplication and nucleophosmin mutation.
  • OBJECTIVE: Patients with acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML) show co-existing frequently internal tandem duplications of FLT3 (FLT3-ITD) and mutations of nucleophosmin (NPM1-Mt).
  • NPM1-Mt was significantly related to female gender, normal karyotype, and M4 or M5 disease according to French-American-British criteria.
  • In addition, leukaemic blast cells with NPM1-Mt, FLT3-ITD, or both expressed CD34 less frequently than wild-type blasts (P < 0.0001 and P = 0.005 respectively), while myelomonocytic markers such as CD11b and CD14 were expressed more frequently in patients with NPM1-Mt.
  • CONCLUSION: FLT3-ITD may increase potential for cell proliferation to produce a leukaemic population; NPM1-Mt may cause cells to develop along the myelomonocytic lineage.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD34 / immunology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Gene Duplication. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Monocytes / metabolism. Mutation. Nuclear Proteins / genetics. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Karyotyping. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17598835.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 117896-08-9 / nucleophosmin; EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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86. Suzuki R, Ohtake S, Takeuchi J, Nagai M, Kodera Y, Hamaguchi M, Miyawaki S, Karasuno T, Shimodaira S, Ohno R, Nakamura S, Naoe T: The clinical characteristics of CD7+ CD56+ acute myeloid leukemias other than M0. Int J Hematol; 2010 Mar;91(2):303-9
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  • [Title] The clinical characteristics of CD7+ CD56+ acute myeloid leukemias other than M0.
  • Immunological phenotyping of acute leukemia have provided enormous and important information for the classification and lineage determination of leukemia.
  • Forty-nine patients with CD7(+) CD56(+) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were analyzed.
  • There were 17 patients of M0, which corresponded to myeloid/NK cell precursor acute leukemia, and 32 patients of AML other than M0 (9 each for M1 and M2, one for M3, 3 for M4, 4 for M5 and 6 for M7).
  • These findings suggest that extramedullary involvement of myeloid/NK cell precursor acute leukemia is not directly derived from the presence of CD7 and CD56 antigens on leukemic cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD56 / metabolism. Antigens, CD7 / metabolism. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cyclophosphamide / therapeutic use. Data Collection. Disease-Free Survival. Doxorubicin / therapeutic use. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Leukocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Sex Distribution. Survival Analysis. Vincristine / therapeutic use. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20111912.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD56; 0 / Antigens, CD7; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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87. Ahmad F, Mandava S, Das BR: Mutations of NPM1 gene in de novo acute myeloid leukaemia: determination of incidence, distribution pattern and identification of two novel mutations in Indian population. Hematol Oncol; 2009 Jun;27(2):90-7

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  • [Title] Mutations of NPM1 gene in de novo acute myeloid leukaemia: determination of incidence, distribution pattern and identification of two novel mutations in Indian population.
  • Mutations in the nucleophosmin (NPM1) gene have been recently described to occur in about one-third of acute myeloid leukaemias (AMLs) and represent the most frequent genetic alteration currently known in this subset, specially in those with normal karyotype.
  • This study explored the prevalence and clinical profile of NPM1 mutations in a cohort of 200 Indian adult and children with AML.
  • NPM1 mutations were significantly associated with normal karyotype (p = 0.001), high WBC count (p = 0.034), AML-M4 subtype (p = 0.039) and a gradient increase of mutation rate with the increase in age groups.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. DNA Mutational Analysis. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Exons / genetics. Female. Gene Frequency. Global Health. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. India / epidemiology. Infant. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Mutagenesis, Insertional. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19365794.001).
  • [ISSN] 1099-1069
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 117896-08-9 / nucleophosmin
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88. Patnaik MM, Gangat N, Knudson RA, Keefe JG, Hanson CA, Pardanani A, Ketterling RP, Tefferi A: Chromosome 8p11.2 translocations: prevalence, FISH analysis for FGFR1 and MYST3, and clinicopathologic correlates in a consecutive cohort of 13 cases from a single institution. Am J Hematol; 2010 Apr;85(4):238-42
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  • MYST3 abnormalities were associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), M4 in three and M6 in one.
  • Three of the four FGFR1-rearranged cases were associated with myeloproliferative neoplasms but none, including the two with sole 8p11.2, displayed the typical phenotype for stem cell leukemia/lymphoma (SCLL) and only one had eosinophilia; the fourth case had AML-M4.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Cohort Studies. Eosinophilia / genetics. Female. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Genetic Testing. Humans. Karyotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 20143402.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-8652
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.3.1.48 / Histone Acetyltransferases; EC 2.3.1.48 / KAT6A protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / FGFR1 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1
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89. Tong H, Lu C, Zhang J, Liu Z, Ma Y: Immunophenotypic, cytogenetic and clinical features of 192 AML patients in China. Clin Exp Med; 2009 Jun;9(2):149-55
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  • A total of 192 Chinese patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were immunophenotyped by flow cytometry using a panel of monoclonal antibodies.
  • CD14 was expressed only in M4 and M5, and both intensive positivity of CD64 and CD15 with high expression of HLA-DR may suggest great possibility for diagnosis of M5.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD14 / analysis. Antigens, CD19 / analysis. Antigens, CD56 / analysis. Antigens, CD7 / analysis. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. HLA-DR Antigens / analysis. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Infant. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19205620.001).
  • [ISSN] 1591-8890
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Antigens, CD56; 0 / Antigens, CD7; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens
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90. Nadir Y, Katz T, Sarig G, Hoffman R, Oliven A, Rowe JM, Brenner B: Hemostatic balance on the surface of leukemic cells: the role of tissue factor and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor. Haematologica; 2005 Nov;90(11):1549-56
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  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The frequency of thrombotic complications is increased in patients with acute leukemia.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty-one consecutive patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia were enrolled over an 11-month period.
  • Twenty-five of the patients had acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-M(0-2), 11 had AML-M3, 6 had AML-M(4-5), and 9 acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
  • RESULTS: Regardless of the leukemia subtype, tissue factor was predominantly present on leukemic blast surfaces as compared to protease-activated receptor 1, tissue factor pathway inhibitor, urokinase plasminogen activator receptor and thrombomodulin and it was significantly elevated (mean 63+/-6%) in AML-M3 and AML-M(4-5) as compared to AML-M0(-2) and ALL (mean 37+/-4%, p<0.001).
  • INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that tissue factor predominates on leukemic blast surface, particularly in M3 and M4-5 subtypes, while urokinase plasminogen activator receptor is increased on M4-5 blasts.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemostasis / physiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / physiopathology. Receptors, Cell Surface / physiology. Thromboplastin / physiology. Thrombosis / metabolism. Thrombosis / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cell Membrane / physiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator

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  • (PMID = 16266903.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / PLAUR protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; 0 / Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator; 9035-58-9 / Thromboplastin
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91. Boissel N, Renneville A, Biggio V, Philippe N, Thomas X, Cayuela JM, Terre C, Tigaud I, Castaigne S, Raffoux E, De Botton S, Fenaux P, Dombret H, Preudhomme C: Prevalence, clinical profile, and prognosis of NPM mutations in AML with normal karyotype. Blood; 2005 Nov 15;106(10):3618-20
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  • Mutation of the nucleophosmin (NPM) gene has been reported as the most frequent mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), especially in the presence of a normal karyotype.
  • NPM mutations were detected in 47% of patients and were associated with a high white blood cell count, involvement of the monocytic lineage (M4/M5), and a decreased prevalence of CEBPA mutations.
  • [MeSH-major] Exons / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Mutagenesis, Insertional. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Nuclear Proteins / genetics. Sequence Deletion / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha / genetics. CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha / metabolism. Female. Humans. Karyotyping. Leukocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Prevalence. Prognosis. Risk Factors. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16046528.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 117896-08-9 / nucleophosmin; EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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92. Haferlach T, Kohlmann A, Klein HU, Ruckert C, Dugas M, Williams PM, Kern W, Schnittger S, Bacher U, Löffler H, Haferlach C: AML with translocation t(8;16)(p11;p13) demonstrates unique cytomorphological, cytogenetic, molecular and prognostic features. Leukemia; 2009 May;23(5):934-43
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  • Balanced chromosomal rearrangements define distinct entities in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Principal component analyses demonstrated that AML with t(8;16) were distinct from FAB subtypes M1, M4, M5a/b.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Translocation, Genetic / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Chromosome Mapping. Cytogenetic Analysis. Female. Gene Expression Profiling. Gene Regulatory Networks. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. Immunophenotyping. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Male. Middle Aged. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Prognosis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 19194466.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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93. Mori H, Sakai H, Sanada M, Shimamoto K, Sasaki S, Azuma R, Higuchi T, Harada H, Niikura H, Omine M, Fujita K, Takahashi N: [Clinical analysis of HLA-DR-negative non-M3 AML]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2007 Jul;48(7):547-53
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  • The type of leukemia was defined as HLA-DR(-) non-M3-AML, when HLA antigens were detected by flow cytometry at an incidence of < 20% of the blast population excluding M3-AML.
  • Out of 109 patients with de novo acute myeloid leukemia, 8 patients had HLA-DR(-) non-AML-M3.
  • According to the French-American-British criteria, 7 patients could be subdivided into 3 patients with M1, 4 patients with M2 and 1 patient with M4.
  • [MeSH-major] HLA-DR Antigens / analysis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / immunology. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / mortality. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 17695303.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA-DR Antigens
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94. Bacher U, Haferlach C, Kern W, Haferlach T, Schnittger S: Prognostic relevance of FLT3-TKD mutations in AML: the combination matters--an analysis of 3082 patients. Blood; 2008 Mar 1;111(5):2527-37
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  • FLT3-TKD mutations were most frequent in the AML FAB subtypes M5b (15 of 114; 13.2%), M3v (6 of 51; 11.8%), and M4 (39 of 484; 8.1%).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Mutation / genetics. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / chemistry. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. DNA Mutational Analysis. Genetic Markers. Humans. Karyotyping. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Prognosis. Protein Structure, Tertiary. Recurrence. Survival Rate. Thermodynamics

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  • (PMID = 17965322.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Genetic Markers; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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95. Karasawa M, Yamane A, Mitsui T, Irisawa H, Sakura T, Matsushima T, Tsukamoto N, Nojima Y, Miyawaki S: Long-term persistence of host cells detected by X-chromosome gene-based assay in patients undergoing gender-mismatched hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Am J Hematol; 2005 Oct;80(2):101-5
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  • Chimerism was examined in four patients with myeloid malignancies: two patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) from myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), and one patient each with AML M3 and AML M4.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Chromosomes, Human, X. Female. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid / therapy. Longitudinal Studies. Middle Aged. Receptors, Androgen / genetics. Sensitivity and Specificity. Sex Factors

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16184584.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AR protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Androgen
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96. Novotny JR, Müller-Beissenhirtz H, Herget-Rosenthal S, Kribben A, Dührsen U: Grading of symptoms in hyperleukocytic leukaemia: a clinical model for the role of different blast types and promyelocytes in the development of leukostasis syndrome. Eur J Haematol; 2005 Jun;74(6):501-10
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  • METHODS: Ninety-five patients (59 male, 36 female, median age 52 yr) with hyperleukocytic leukaemia [leukocytes above 50 x 10(9)/L, 48 acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), 31 chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), 13 acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), three chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML)] were grouped according to the presence or absence and severity of neurologic, pulmonary and other symptoms into four categories (no, possible, probable and highly probable leukostasis syndrome).
  • In leukaemia involving the monocytic lineage (AML M4/M5, CMML) no significant differences were found in any of these factors between patients with highly probable leukostasis and the other patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Blast Crisis / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Lineage. Female. Granulocyte Precursor Cells / pathology. Hemoglobins / analysis. Humans. Leukocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 15876254.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hemoglobins
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97. Helbling D, Mueller BU, Timchenko NA, Schardt J, Eyer M, Betts DR, Jotterand M, Meyer-Monard S, Fey MF, Pabst T: CBFB-SMMHC is correlated with increased calreticulin expression and suppresses the granulocytic differentiation factor CEBPA in AML with inv(16). Blood; 2005 Aug 15;106(4):1369-75
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  • The pericentric inversion of chromosome 16, inv(16)(p13q22), is associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) subtype M4Eo that is characterized by the presence of myelomonocytic blasts and atypical eosinophils.
  • No differences were detected in CEBPA mRNA levels in patients with inv(16) AML-M4Eo (n = 12) compared to patients with AML with a normal karyotype and M4 subtype (n = 6), whereas CEBPA protein and binding activity were significantly reduced in patients with CBFB-SMMHC.
  • [MeSH-major] CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha / genetics. Calreticulin / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Cell Differentiation. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. RNA, Neoplasm / analysis. RNA, Small Interfering / pharmacology. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 15855281.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CBFbeta-MYH11 fusion protein; 0 / CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha; 0 / Calreticulin; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 0 / inv(16) fusion protein, human
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98. Mansoor S, Nasir-Ud-Din, Azam M, Jamshed A: Generalized cutaneous granulocytic sarcoma with joint involvement. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2010 May;20(5):339-40
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  • We report a case of generalized cutaneous granulocytic sarcoma with ankle joint involvement who subsequently developed AML-M4.
  • [MeSH-major] Ankle Joint. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Sarcoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 20642930.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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