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Items 1 to 100 of about 3312
1. Díaz-Aguirregoitia FJ, de la Quintana A, Gaztambide S, Busturia MA, Echenique Elizondo M: [Cushing's syndrome due to an ACTH-producing adrenal tumor]. Cir Esp; 2008 Oct;84(4):232-3
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  • [Title] [Cushing's syndrome due to an ACTH-producing adrenal tumor].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumor adrenal productor de corticotropina determinante de síndrome de Cushing.
  • [MeSH-major] ACTH Syndrome, Ectopic. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secretion. Cushing Syndrome / etiology. Pheochromocytoma / secretion


2. Rodríguez-Hermosa JI, Roig J, Ortuño P, Quiles AM, Recasens M, Codina-Cazador A: [A large adrenal tumor]. Rev Esp Enferm Dig; 2008 Jun;100(6):363-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A large adrenal tumor].
  • [Transliterated title] Gran tumor suprarrenal.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms. Adrenocortical Adenoma

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  • (PMID = 18752367.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-0108
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Enferm Dig
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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3. Koizumi K, Mizusawa H, Oguchi T, Domen T, Kato H: [Adult Wilms' tumor mimicking adrenal tumor: case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2008 Sep;54(9):603-6
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  • [Title] [Adult Wilms' tumor mimicking adrenal tumor: case report].
  • A 33-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for further examination of a right adrenal mass 4.5 cm in diameter.
  • Computed tomography, magnetic resonance image and angiograpy demonstrated non-functioning adrenal tumor.
  • Right nephrectomy was performed, because the tumor adhered firmly to the upper pole of the right kidney.
  • The pathological diagnosis was nephroblastoma (nephroblastic type, complex subtype).
  • Postoperative chemotherapy was started for stage III Wilms' tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Wilms Tumor / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms. Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Dactinomycin / administration & dosage. Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Imaging. Female. Humans. Nephrectomy. Vincristine / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 18975574.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 1CC1JFE158 / Dactinomycin; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine
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4. Kumar S, Mandal AK, Acharya N, Thingnam SK, Bhalla V, Singh SK: Superior mesenteric artery injury during en bloc excision of a massive left adrenal tumor. Urol Int; 2007;78(2):182-4

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  • [Title] Superior mesenteric artery injury during en bloc excision of a massive left adrenal tumor.
  • We report the first case of inadvertent injury of the superior mesenteric artery during surgery of a large malignant adrenocortical tumor with inferior vena cava thrombus.
  • The cause of inadvertent injury was anatomical distortion of the great vessels due to the massive nature of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy. Adrenocortical Carcinoma / surgery. Intraoperative Complications / etiology. Mesenteric Artery, Superior / injuries

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  • [Copyright] 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 17293663.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-1138
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia internationalis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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5. Lasco A, Morini E, Maglitto D, Campennì A, Benvenga S: Disappearance of a virilizing adrenal tumor following therapy with cyproterone acetate. Endocr Relat Cancer; 2005 Dec;12(4):939-44
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  • [Title] Disappearance of a virilizing adrenal tumor following therapy with cyproterone acetate.
  • A 57-year-old woman presented with an apparently obvious diagnosis of iatrogenic virilization.
  • At the age of 51, she began a 4-year treatment with prednisone or cyclosporine, which are known to promote hair growth, for Behçet disease.
  • Insignificant inhibition by dexamethasone of the extremely high serum concentrations of testosterone and less high concentrations of weak androgens prompted us to search for a virilizing tumor.
  • Computed tomography showed a 2.3 x 1.5 cm nodule in the right adrenal gland.
  • As the patient refused surgery, virilization was treated with the antiandrogen cyproterone acetate (CPA), but for only 4 months because clinical and hormone abnormalities reversed and the tumor was no longer visible.
  • This first report of a curative effect of CPA on a purely virilizing adrenal tumor opens new avenues in the management of such tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / drug therapy. Androgen Antagonists / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cyproterone Acetate / therapeutic use. Iatrogenic Disease. Virilism / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16322333.001).
  • [ISSN] 1351-0088
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine-related cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr. Relat. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgen Antagonists; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 4KM2BN5JHF / Cyproterone Acetate
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6. Perrochia H, Delfour C: [An adrenal tumor]. Ann Pathol; 2008 Feb;28(1):49
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  • [Title] [An adrenal tumor].
  • [Transliterated title] Une tumeur de la surrénale.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adipose Tissue / pathology. Adrenal Cortex / pathology. Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18538716.001).
  • [ISSN] 0242-6498
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pathol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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7. Sato F, Mimata H, Mori K: Primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma presenting as an adrenal tumor in an adult. Int J Urol; 2010 Sep;17(9):817
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  • [Title] Primary retroperitoneal mature cystic teratoma presenting as an adrenal tumor in an adult.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Teratoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 20636475.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-2042
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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8. Wang H, Zhou FJ, Qin ZK, Han H, Liu ZW: [Laparoscopic surgery for benign adrenal tumor: a report of 10 cases]. Ai Zheng; 2005 Jan;24(1):76-8
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  • [Title] [Laparoscopic surgery for benign adrenal tumor: a report of 10 cases].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Adrenalectomy is a standard treatment for benign adrenal tumors.
  • Conventional open operation usually results in bigger incisions, more blood loss, and long hospital stay to patients; while laparoscopic approaches could make up above shortcomings, which is used to resect benign adrenal tumors gradually.
  • METHODS: Clinical data of 10 patients with benign adrenal tumors undergone laparoscopic adrenalectomy were retrospectively analyzed to summarize the experiences and techniques in laparoscopic surgery.
  • RESULTS: Of the 10 patients, 9 had tumors successfully resected by laparoscopic adrenalectomy with no severe postoperative complication; 1 switched to receive open surgery during operation, and had mild postoperative corticoadrenal insufficiency.
  • CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery for treatment of benign adrenal tumors has the advantages of minimal invasion, safety, and efficiency, and may be a primary therapeutic option for benign adrenal tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy / methods. Laparoscopy. Pheochromocytoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15642205.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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9. Nagai T, Taie S, Endo R, Iwanaga Y, Maekawa N: [Survival after intraoperative pulmonary embolism of a patient with left adrenal tumor]. Masui; 2006 Jul;55(7):910-3
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  • [Title] [Survival after intraoperative pulmonary embolism of a patient with left adrenal tumor].
  • A 15-year-old girl was scheduled to undergo left adrenalectomy and removal of vena cava tumor thrombi.
  • After left adrenalectomy and removal of vena cava tumor thrombi, IVC was declamped.
  • TEE may be useful for diagnosis of acute PE by secondary signs of pulmonary artery obstruction.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy. Echocardiography, Transesophageal. Intraoperative Complications / etiology. Pulmonary Embolism / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16856556.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-4892
  • [Journal-full-title] Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Masui
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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10. Rosenblatt GS, Luthringer DJ, Fuchs GJ: Enlargement of accessory spleen after splenectomy can mimic a solitary adrenal tumor. Urology; 2010 Mar;75(3):561-2
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  • [Title] Enlargement of accessory spleen after splenectomy can mimic a solitary adrenal tumor.
  • We report on a 72-year-old woman who had previously undergone splenectomy and subsequently presented with an incidental 5-cm adrenal mass.
  • When a biochemically inactive, well-marginated ovoid adrenal mass is identified in a postsplenectomy patient, consideration should be given to the presence of accessory spleen.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Spleen / pathology. Splenectomy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hypertrophy / complications

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19679337.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Johnsen IK, Hahner S, Brière JJ, Ozimek A, Gimenez-Roqueplo AP, Hantel C, Adam P, Bertherat J, Beuschlein F: Evaluation of a standardized protocol for processing adrenal tumor samples: preparation for a European adrenal tumor bank. Horm Metab Res; 2010 Feb;42(2):93-101
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  • [Title] Evaluation of a standardized protocol for processing adrenal tumor samples: preparation for a European adrenal tumor bank.
  • Storage and tissue handling of surgical tumor specimen have been recognized as critical steps that can potentially affect reproducibility and comparability of molecular endpoints between laboratories.
  • In the preparation of adrenal tumor tissue banking, three different protocols that simulate warm ischemia upon tumor removal (protocol I), thawing and refreezing cycles (protocol II), as well as storage of vital tumor samples (protocol III) were applied.
  • While DNA integrity was not influenced by different treatment modalities, expression levels of adrenal marker genes were more affected in samples after snap freezing in comparison to RPA pretreatment.
  • For primary cell cultures generated after storage of tumor samples similar rates of viability were observable while steroid output varied between the groups.
  • Overall, on the basis of the presented endpoints standardized operational procedures can be defined for a proposed European adrenal tumor biobank.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Glands / pathology. Biological Specimen Banks / organization & administration. Pheochromocytoma / pathology. Specimen Handling / standards

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  • [Copyright] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart * New York.
  • (PMID = 19882499.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-4286
  • [Journal-full-title] Hormone and metabolic research = Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung = Hormones et métabolisme
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Horm. Metab. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Mitochondrial Proteins; 63231-63-0 / RNA; 9007-49-2 / DNA
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12. Zhou J, Ye D, Wu M, Zheng F, Wu F, Wang Z, Li H: Bilateral adrenal tumor: causes and clinical features in eighteen cases. Int Urol Nephrol; 2009;41(3):547-51
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  • [Title] Bilateral adrenal tumor: causes and clinical features in eighteen cases.
  • Bilateral adrenal neoplasms are very rare.
  • Studies have shown that most are metastatic tumors, and clinical presentation varies with tumor type.
  • We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 18 cases of bilateral adrenal tumor in our hospital between 2002 and 2007.
  • The etiology was pheochromocytoma in six, primary lymphoma in four, nonfunctioning cortical adenoma in four, metastatic tumors in two, primary aldosteronism in one, and Cushing syndrome in one.
  • Patients with lymphoma had largest average tumor size.
  • Our findings suggest that pheochromocytoma, primary lymphoma, and nonfunctioning cortical adenoma are common causes of bilateral adrenal tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18850298.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-2584
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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13. Schindera ST, Soher BJ, Delong DM, Dale BM, Merkle EM: Effect of echo time pair selection on quantitative analysis for adrenal tumor characterization with in-phase and opposed-phase MR imaging: initial experience. Radiology; 2008 Jul;248(1):140-7
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  • [Title] Effect of echo time pair selection on quantitative analysis for adrenal tumor characterization with in-phase and opposed-phase MR imaging: initial experience.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the effect of two pairs of echo times (TEs) for in-phase (IP) and opposed-phase (OP) 3.0-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging on (a) quantitative analysis prospectively in a phantom study and (b) diagnostic accuracy retrospectively in a clinical study of adrenal tumors, with use of various reference standards in the clinical study.
  • Single-breath-hold IP and OP 3.0-T MR images in 21 patients (14 women, seven men; mean age, 63 years) with 23 adrenal tumors (16 adenomas, six metastases, one adrenocortical carcinoma) were reviewed.
  • However, with scheme B, no overlap in the adrenal gland SI-to-liver SI ratio between adenomas and nonadenomas was seen (P < .05).
  • With scheme B, no overlap in adrenal gland SI index-to-liver SI index ratio between adenomas and nonadenomas was seen (P < .05).
  • CONCLUSION: This initial experience indicates SI index is the most reliable parameter for characterization of adrenal tumors with 3.0-T MR imaging when obtaining OP echo before IP echo.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Echo-Planar Imaging / methods. Image Enhancement / methods. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods

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  • [Copyright] (c) RSNA, 2008.
  • (PMID = 18566172.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1315
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Golshayan AR, Elson P, Wood LS, Garcia JA, Dreicer R, Rini BI: Association of tumor burden characteristics with outcomes in patients (pts) with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treated with sunitinib. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):5043

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Association of tumor burden characteristics with outcomes in patients (pts) with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treated with sunitinib.
  • : 5043 Background: An important goal of non-curative therapy for mRCC is tumor burden (TB) control.
  • However, the impact of tumor burden characteristics on clinical outcome has not been studied in mRCC pts treated with VEGF-targeted therapy.
  • CT scan images were re-reviewed from baseline, at the time of maximal tumor burden shrinkage (TS), at time of disease progression and at time of last assessment prior to death.
  • Sites of metastases included: lung (87%), mediastinal lymph nodes (52%), retroperitoneal lymph nodes (36%), adrenal (29%), bone (38%), liver (22%), pancreas (14%), kidney (7%), and brain (6%).
  • In multivariable analysis, disease confined to above the diaphragm (p = 0.03) and total TB <13cm (p = 0.09) prior to sunitinib were independent positive predictors of PFS.
  • Total number of metastases <10 (p < 0.001) and tumor volume above the diaphragm <6.5 cm (p = 0.05) were independent positive predictors of OS.
  • At time of disease progression (PD), tumor location and pattern of progression were not associated with OS.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Tumor burden shrinkage and tumor burden at time of disease progression are associated with overall survival in pts with mRCC treated with sunitinib.

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  • (PMID = 27962954.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Johnson SP, Bagrosky BM, Mitchell EL, McIntyre RC Jr, Grant NG: CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of an aldosterone-secreting primary adrenal tumor in a surgically unfit patient. J Vasc Interv Radiol; 2008 Jul;19(7):1115-7
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  • [Title] CT-guided radiofrequency ablation of an aldosterone-secreting primary adrenal tumor in a surgically unfit patient.
  • Because of the speed and efficiency of laparoscopic adrenalectomy, alternative surgical procedures for adrenal adenomas are uncommon.
  • The present report outlines the case of a young patient with an adrenal adenoma causing Conn syndrome who was a poor candidate for surgical treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / surgery. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Aldosterone / secretion. Catheter Ablation. Hyperaldosteronism / etiology. Radiography, Interventional. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18589330.001).
  • [ISSN] 1051-0443
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Vasc Interv Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 4964P6T9RB / Aldosterone
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16. Schimmer BP, Cordova M, Cheng H, Tsao A, Morris Q: A genome-wide assessment of adrenocorticotropin action in the Y1 mouse adrenal tumor cell line. Mol Cell Endocrinol; 2007 Feb;265-266:102-7
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  • [Title] A genome-wide assessment of adrenocorticotropin action in the Y1 mouse adrenal tumor cell line.
  • This report summarizes the genome-wide effects of ACTH on transcript accumulation in mouse adrenal Y1 cells and the relative contributions of the cAMP-, protein kinase C- and Ca(2+)-dependent signaling pathways to these actions of the hormone.
  • Collectively, our results suggest that Y1 adrenal cells undergo extensive remodeling upon prolonged stimulation with ACTH.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / genetics. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / metabolism. Genome
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Line, Tumor. Humans. Mice. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis

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  • (PMID = 17207920.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-7207
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular endocrinology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Endocrinol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9002-60-2 / Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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17. Fournier JR, Baez-Trinidad L, Acosta A, Marrero M, Correa-Rivas M, Rodríguez-Becerra J, Nieves F: Bladder pheochromocytoma: case presentation and the use of OctreoScan for localization of extra-adrenal tumor sites in a pediatric patient. P R Health Sci J; 2008 Mar;27(1):107-11
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  • [Title] Bladder pheochromocytoma: case presentation and the use of OctreoScan for localization of extra-adrenal tumor sites in a pediatric patient.
  • An OctreoScan (111In-pentreotide) was used to rule out metastatic extension or other extra-adrenal locations of the pheochromocytoma.
  • OctreoScan data correlated well with other radiologic studies, operative findings and with the final diagnosis, validating its use on pediatric patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Indium Radioisotopes. Pheochromocytoma / radionuclide imaging. Pheochromocytoma / secondary. Somatostatin / analogs & derivatives. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18450243.001).
  • [ISSN] 0738-0658
  • [Journal-full-title] Puerto Rico health sciences journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] P R Health Sci J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Puerto Rico
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Indium Radioisotopes; 51110-01-1 / Somatostatin; G083B71P98 / pentetreotide
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18. Bornstein SR, Hornsby PJ: What can we learn from gene expression profiling for adrenal tumor management? J Clin Endocrinol Metab; 2005 Mar;90(3):1900-2
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  • [Title] What can we learn from gene expression profiling for adrenal tumor management?
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / genetics. Gene Expression Profiling. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic

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  • [CommentOn] J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Mar;90(3):1819-29 [15613424.001]
  • (PMID = 15758065.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-972X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Editorial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Awazawa R, Yamamoto Y, Gushi M, Taira K, Yagi N, Asato Y, Hagiwara K, Uezato H: Case of pemphigus foliaceus that shifted into pemphigus vulgaris after adrenal tumor resection. J Dermatol; 2007 Aug;34(8):549-55
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  • [Title] Case of pemphigus foliaceus that shifted into pemphigus vulgaris after adrenal tumor resection.
  • The diagnosis at first was made as pemphigus foliaceus (PF).
  • Systemic examinations on admission revealed a right adrenal tumor that had caused Cushing's syndrome.
  • Histopathological diagnosis of the removed tumor was a functional adrenal adenoma.
  • To date, there have been no reports of pemphigus complicated with an adrenal tumor that caused Cushing's syndrome in Japan.
  • The present case is particularly interesting in that the symptoms became worse after the tumor resection and that the first diagnosis of PF shifted into PV after the operation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / complications. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / complications. Mouth Mucosa / pathology. Pemphigus / complications. Skin / pathology


20. Mavroudis K, Aloumanis K, Papapetrou PD, Voros D, Spanos I: Virilization caused by an ectopic adrenal tumor located behind the iliopsoas muscle. Fertil Steril; 2007 Jun;87(6):1468.e13-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Virilization caused by an ectopic adrenal tumor located behind the iliopsoas muscle.
  • OBJECTIVE: Virilization due to androgen-secreting neoplasms in women is a result of androgen overproduction from benign or malignant tumors that are found in the ovaries or rarely in the adrenal glands.
  • Virilizing tumors that arise from ectopic adrenal tissue are extremely rare.
  • We describe a very rare case of an ectopic androgen-producing adrenal tumor.
  • Histologically, the tissue was identified to be of adrenal origin.
  • CONCLUSION(S): This case illustrates difficulties in detecting and localizing the rare contingence of an ectopic adrenocortical androgen-secreting tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Muscle, Skeletal. Virilism / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17368455.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Wosnitzer M, Lee DJ, Hirsch AJ, McKiernan JM: Predictors of renal function in nephron sparing surgery for renal cell carcinoma in solitary kidneys. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e16045

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Predictors of renal function in nephron sparing surgery for renal cell carcinoma in solitary kidneys.
  • : e16045 Background: Partial nephrectomy (PN) is an effective option for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients who need to preserve renal function.
  • We assessed the outcomes after PN, and evaluated predictors of post-operative renal function.
  • Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated with the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equation.
  • Severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) and renal failure were defined as GFR of 15-30 cc/min/1.73m2 and GFR<15, respectively.
  • The mean estimated blood loss was 465cc, the mean tumor diameter was 3.9cm, and 6 (17%) of the patients had a positive surgical margin.
  • Recurrence occurred in the kidneys of 4 patients, lung in 3 patients, bone in 3 patients, and the ipsilateral adrenal gland in one patient.
  • Preoperative GFR (HR=1.01, p<0.01) and the volume of kidney removed (HR=0.93, p=0.01) were associated with severe CKD and renal failure on a univariate Cox regression analysis, but were not independent predictors after adjusting for age, race, tumor stage and grade.
  • Preoperative GFR, volume removed, age, tumor stage or grade were not independent predictors of RCC recurrence.
  • Nephron sparing surgery for the treatment of RCC is feasible with acceptable morbidity and renal function outcome.
  • The volume of renal parenchyma removed and the preoperative GFR are associated with renal function loss several months after surgery, and may be useful in predicting long-term renal function.

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  • (PMID = 27963019.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Owecki M, Warmuz-Stangierska I, Majewska KA, Nikisch E, Sowiński J: [Depression and anxiety in patients with adrenal tumor incidentally found on abdominal imaging performed for other indications]. Pol Merkur Lekarski; 2005 Aug;19(110):166-8
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  • [Title] [Depression and anxiety in patients with adrenal tumor incidentally found on abdominal imaging performed for other indications].
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the level of anxiety and depression in patients with non-secreting adrenal incidentaloma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Adrenal incidentaloma is associated with increased anxiety and depression.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / complications. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Anxiety / etiology. Depression / etiology. Incidental Findings

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  • (PMID = 16245424.001).
  • [ISSN] 1426-9686
  • [Journal-full-title] Polski merkuriusz lekarski : organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol. Merkur. Lekarski
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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23. Chung JM, Jung MJ, Lee W, Choi S: Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst presenting as adrenal tumor in adult successfully treated with retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery. Urology; 2009 Feb;73(2):442.e13-5
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  • [Title] Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst presenting as adrenal tumor in adult successfully treated with retroperitoneal laparoscopic surgery.
  • A 41-year-old woman presented with an incidental left retroperitoneal mass that was suspicious for an adrenal tumor.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Remission Induction. Retroperitoneal Space

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  • (PMID = 18468665.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Igaz P, Wiener Z, Szabó P, Falus A, Gaillard RC, Horányi J, Rácz K, Tulassay Z: Functional genomics approaches for the study of sporadic adrenal tumor pathogenesis: clinical implications. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol; 2006 Oct;101(2-3):87-96
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Functional genomics approaches for the study of sporadic adrenal tumor pathogenesis: clinical implications.
  • Although sporadic adrenal tumors are frequently encountered in the general population their pathogenesis is not well elucidated.
  • Some studies have already been published describing gene expression profiles of benign and malignant adrenocortical tumors and phaeochromocytomas.
  • Several genes coding for growth factors and their receptors, enzymes involved in steroid hormone biosynthesis, genes related to the regulation of cell cycle, cell proliferation, adhesion and intracellular metabolism have been found to be up- or downregulated in various tumors.
  • Some alterations in gene expression appear so specific for certain tumor types that their application in diagnosis, determination of prognosis and the choice of therapy can be envisaged.
  • In this short review, the authors will present a synopsis of these recent findings that seem to open new perspectives in adrenal tumor pathogenesis, with emphasis on changes in steroidogenic enzyme expression profiles and highlighting possible clinical implications.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Chromosome Aberrations. Genomics / methods

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  • (PMID = 16891114.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-0760
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of steroid biochemistry and molecular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 89
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25. Presant CA, Bosserman L, Howard F, Emilio B: Patterns of metastatic (met) disease sites in breast cancer (BrCa): Implications for availability of fresh tumor tissue (FTT) for personalized BrCa treatment (Rx) planning (TP) in met disease. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e12004

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  • [Title] Patterns of metastatic (met) disease sites in breast cancer (BrCa): Implications for availability of fresh tumor tissue (FTT) for personalized BrCa treatment (Rx) planning (TP) in met disease.
  • Single site was the pattern in only 9% of liver, 7% of lung, 32% of bone, 0% of adrenal 6% of skin, but 71% of brain mets.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Most BrCa PTs in oncology practices have only locoregional disease.

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  • (PMID = 27964266.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Okamoto T, Suzuki Y, Sugiyama N, Kudo S, Yoneyama T, Hashimoto Y, Koie T, Kamimura N, Oyama C: [Ganglioneuroma with calcification mimicking adrenal tumor: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2010 Nov;56(11):621-3
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  • [Title] [Ganglioneuroma with calcification mimicking adrenal tumor: a case report].
  • Computed tomography revealed a 30 mm solid tumor with calcification in the left adrenal gland and a 8 mm nodule in the right adrenal gland.
  • Endocrinological examinations revealed no activity of either adrenal mass.
  • The left adrenal tumor was extirpated, because malignancy of the tumor was not ruled out.
  • Histopathological examination proved that the tumor was ganglioneuroma arising from the extra-adrenal retroperitoneum.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adrenal Glands / pathology. Calcinosis / pathology. Ganglioneuroma / pathology. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans

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  • (PMID = 21187706.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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27. Fiebrich H, Brouwers AH, Kerstens MN, Pijl ME, Kema IP, de Jong JR, van der Wal JE, Sluiter WJ, de Vries EG, Links TP: Sensitivity of 6-[F-18]fluoro-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine positron emission tomography for localizing tumors causing catecholamine excess. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):11064

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  • [Title] Sensitivity of 6-[F-18]fluoro-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine positron emission tomography for localizing tumors causing catecholamine excess.
  • : 11064 Background: Positron emission tomography (PET) using the catecholamine precursor 6-[F-18]fluoro-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (<sup>18</sup>F-DOPA) has emerged as promising technique to localize tumors with catecholamine excess.
  • The tumor localization was found in 45 patients, 43 with <sup>18</sup>F-DOPA PET, 31 with <sup>123</sup>I-MIBG and 32 with CT/MRI, resulting with surgery in final diagnosis of pheochromocytoma in 40, adrenal hyperplasia in 2, paraganglioma in 2, ganglioneuroma in 1 and 3 unknown (as yet no lesion detected).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The sensitivity of <sup>18</sup>F-DOPA PET to localize tumors with catecholamine excess is superior to either <sup>123</sup>I-MIBG scintigraphy or CT/MRI.

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  • (PMID = 27963142.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Zhang W, Dahlberg SE, Yang D, Sandler AB, Brahmer JR, Schiller JH, Carbone DP, Johnson DH, Lenz H: Genetic variants in angiogenesis pathway associated with clinical outcome in NSCLC patients (pts) treated with bevacizumab in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel: Subset pharmacogenetic analysis of ECOG 4599. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):8032

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  • Multivariable Cox models adjusted for gender, PS, stage, adrenal, liver and bone mets were separately fitted for each SNP to obtain estimates of hazard ratios.
  • Pts with mutant homozygote CC genotype for ICAM1 T469C had significantly higher tumor response rate (39%) than heterozygote CT (13%) and homozygote TT (20%) genotype (Fisher's test, p=0.04).

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  • (PMID = 27962832.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Hodzic J, Golka K, Möhring K, Riedasch G: [Retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma. A rare differential diagnosis of an adrenal tumor]. Urologe A; 2006 Feb;45(2):209-12, 214
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  • [Title] [Retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma. A rare differential diagnosis of an adrenal tumor].
  • [Transliterated title] Retroperitoneales Leiomyosarkom. Eine seltene Differentialdiagnose des Nebennierentumors.
  • A pararenal mass is a clinical finding that cannot be explored preoperatively regarding its parent organ even nowadays.
  • Intraoperatively, a sarcoma infiltrating the renal capsule and renal vein was observed.
  • In the case of a mass located in the area of the adrenal gland, an extra-adrenal tumor must be considered especially if there are normal findings for urinalysis and catecholamine levels even if modern imaging techniques had been applied.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Leiomyosarcoma / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Abdominal Pain / etiology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Rare Diseases / diagnosis. Rare Diseases / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16228166.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-2592
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Urologe. Ausg. A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologe A
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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30. Hattori Y, Kanamoto N, Kawano K, Iwakura H, Sone M, Miura M, Yasoda A, Tamura N, Arai H, Akamizu T, Nakao K, Maitani Y: Molecular characterization of tumors from a transgenic mouse adrenal tumor model: comparison with human pheochromocytoma. Int J Oncol; 2010 Sep;37(3):695-705
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  • [Title] Molecular characterization of tumors from a transgenic mouse adrenal tumor model: comparison with human pheochromocytoma.
  • Adrenal neuroblastoma and pheochromocytoma have the same embryonic origin from neural crest cells and mainly arise from the adrenal medulla.
  • Recently, transgenic mice exhibiting tumors in the bilateral adrenal medulla by the expression of SV40 T-antigen were developed.
  • In this study, we investigated mRNA expression in adrenal tumors of transgenic mice and compared them with human pheochromocytoma by DNA microarray analysis.
  • To compare mouse adrenal tumors and human pheochromacytoma, we found that the expressions of noradrenergic neuron-related genes, including dopa decarboxylase, phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase and chromogranin B, were up-regulated in humans but not in mice; however, the expression of neuroblastoma-related genes, including Mycn, paired-like homeobox 2b, gamma-aminobutyric acid A receptor beta3 subunit, islet 1 and kinesin family member 1A, was up-regulated in both species.
  • From the gene expression profiles, the characterization of mouse adrenal tumor, may be similar to that of human adrenal neuroblastoma rather than pheochromacytomas.
  • This mouse model would be a useful tool for the development of anti-cancer drugs and for understanding the etiology of adrenal neuroblastoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / genetics. Pheochromocytoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antigens, Polyomavirus Transforming / biosynthesis. Disease Models, Animal. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Mice. Mice, Inbred C57BL. Mice, Transgenic. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Up-Regulation


31. Yokosuka K, Kawashima T, Okada N, Wakabayashi T, Kawashima S, Kuroda T, Nishi Y, Tanabe M, Gotoh T, Shirai K, Matsuzawa Y: Impaired consciousness caused by a metastatic adrenal tumor of pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Intern Med; 2008;47(2):109-12
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  • [Title] Impaired consciousness caused by a metastatic adrenal tumor of pulmonary adenocarcinoma.
  • We report a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma metastasizing to the adrenal glands, which caused adrenal insufficiency leading to impaired consciousness.
  • In August 2004, a metastatic adrenal tumor was detected and chemotherapy was continued thereafter.
  • A dexamethasone suppression test and a rapid ACTH loading test led to a diagnosis of primary hypoadrenalism (Addison's disease).
  • However, the patient subsequently died of disseminated intravascular coagulation due to the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms. Adrenal Insufficiency. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Unconsciousness / etiology

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  • (PMID = 18195500.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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32. Oprea I, Michel G: [Androgen-secreting tumor in an adrenal tumor discovered by accident after amenorrhea caused by a meningeal hemorrhage]. Bull Soc Sci Med Grand Duche Luxemb; 2008;(4):517-20
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  • [Title] [Androgen-secreting tumor in an adrenal tumor discovered by accident after amenorrhea caused by a meningeal hemorrhage].
  • [Transliterated title] Tumeur androgènosecrétante de la surrénale découverte par hasard après une aménorrhée installée brutalement suite a une hémorragie méningée.
  • Androgen-secreting tumors are uncommon among adrenal secreting tumors.
  • The case reported here concerns an adrenal tumor secreting androgens, unexpectedly found after a sudden amenorrhea caused by a meningeal haemorrhage, with positive outcome after adrenalectomy.
  • The indication of increased secretion of oestrogens and androgens, should suggest the presence of adrenal androgen-secreting tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / complications. Adrenalectomy. Amenorrhea / etiology. Androgens / secretion. Hemorrhage / complications. Meningeal Arteries / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19024371.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-9247
  • [Journal-full-title] Bulletin de la Société des sciences médicales du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bull Soc Sci Med Grand Duche Luxemb
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Luxembourg
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Androgens
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33. Falhammar H, Thorén M: An 88-year-old woman diagnosed with adrenal tumor and congenital adrenal hyperplasia: connection or coincidence? J Endocrinol Invest; 2005 May;28(5):449-53
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  • [Title] An 88-year-old woman diagnosed with adrenal tumor and congenital adrenal hyperplasia: connection or coincidence?
  • An 88-yr-old woman presented with a 3x4x5 cm adrenal incidentaloma.
  • Biopsy of the tumor showed benign adenoma tissue.
  • The genetic analysis showed two mutations in the CYP21-gene, V281L and 1172N consistent with mild non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH).
  • Previous reports have shown increased prevalence of CAH in patients with adrenal tumors although, to our knowledge, no one has reported the combination in a patient as old as in ours.
  • Thus, clinical signs and symptoms of CAH should be looked for in patients with adrenal incidentalomas, even in the very old ones, and if suspicion further diagnostic work-up should be carried out to provide adequate treatment and follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Hyperplasia, Congenital / pathology


34. Just PA, Tissier F, Silvera S, Dousset B, Ballet S, Delattre O, Vacher-Lavenu MC, Goldwasser F, Bertagna X, De Pinieux G: Unexpected diagnosis for an adrenal tumor: synovial sarcoma. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2010 Feb;14(1):56-9
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  • [Title] Unexpected diagnosis for an adrenal tumor: synovial sarcoma.
  • A 39-year-old woman presented with an incidentally discovered mass of the left adrenal fossa.
  • Immunohistochemistry using anticytokeratin showed some epithelial cells within the tumor.
  • The diagnosis of primitive synovial sarcoma of the left adrenal fossa was confirmed by the presence of the characteristic t(X;18) translocation.
  • Despite radiotherapy, several chemotherapies, and 2 other surgical resections, the patient died 30 months after the initial diagnosis.
  • To our knowledge, this report constitutes the first described case of synovial sarcoma arising in the adrenal gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Glands / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Sarcoma, Synovial / pathology

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  • [Copyright] 2010. Published by Elsevier Inc.
  • (PMID = 20123459.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Moslemi MK, Al-Mousawi S, Dehghani Firoozabadi MH: Renal cell carcinoma mimicking adrenal tumor. J Oncol; 2010;2010

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  • [Title] Renal cell carcinoma mimicking adrenal tumor.
  • There are a variety of causes of adrenal pseudotumors on computerized tomography (CT) scan, including upper-pole renal mass, gastric diverticulum, prominent splenic lobulation, pancreatic mass, hepatic mass, and periadrenal varices.

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  • (PMID = 20847950.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-8469
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2934774
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36. Izaki H, Fukumori T, Takahashi M, Taue R, Kishimoto T, Tanimoto S, Nishitani MA, Kanayama HO: Indications for laparoscopic adrenalectomy for non-functional adrenal tumor with hypertension: usefulness of adrenocortical scintigraphy. Int J Urol; 2006 Jun;13(6):677-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Indications for laparoscopic adrenalectomy for non-functional adrenal tumor with hypertension: usefulness of adrenocortical scintigraphy.
  • AIM: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy is currently indicated for biochemically and clinically functional adrenal tumors and potentially malignant tumors of the adrenal glands.
  • Non-functional adenomas greater than 5 cm in diameter of the adrenal gland are generally considered to represent potentially malignant tumors.
  • The present study shows indications of laparoscopic adrenalectomy for non-functional adrenal tumors with hypertension in a retrospective fashion.
  • Forty-five patients underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy for non-functional adrenal tumors, and [(131)I]6beta-iodomethyl-19-norcholest-5(10)-en-3beta-ol (NP-59) scintigraphy was performed for patients with preoperative hypertension.
  • Mean maximum tumor diameter was 42 mm (range, 20-105 mm).
  • All adrenal tumors were removed successfully by laparoscopic surgery.
  • Importantly, all patients who improved hypertension after adrenalectomy displayed strong accumulation in adrenal tumors with visualization of the contralateral gland on NP-59 scintigraphy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The indication of laparoscopic adrenalectomy for non-functional adrenal tumors is generally considered for lesions more than 5 cm diameter.
  • However, the present study suggests that laparoscopic surgery should be considered even in patients with tumors less than 5 cm in diameter, if both hypertension and accumulation in tumors on NP-59 scintigraphy are present.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / radiography. Adenoma / therapy. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / radiography. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / therapy. Adrenalectomy. Laparoscopy

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  • (PMID = 16834641.001).
  • [ISSN] 0919-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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37. Alexandraki KI, Michail OP, Nonni A, Diamantis D, Giannopoulou I, Kaltsas GA, Tseleni-Balafouta S, Syriou V, Michail PO: Corticomedullary mixed adrenal tumor: case report and literature review. Endocr J; 2009;56(6):817-24
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  • [Title] Corticomedullary mixed adrenal tumor: case report and literature review.
  • We report a 66-year-old woman with a mixed corticomedullary tumor of the left adrenal gland.
  • The patient was found to harbor an adrenal incidentaloma while investigated for a spigelian hernia.
  • Due to the atypical radiological features and the relatively large size of the adrenal lesion she underwent a left adrenalectomy following endocrine testing to exclude a functional lesion.
  • Subclinical Cushing's syndrome was suggested by the failure to obtain adequate cortisol suppression (less than 1.8 microg/dL) following dexamethasone administration pre-operatively; cortisol suppression was restored postoperatively following the excision of the tumor.
  • The finding of this case highlights the importance of this extremely rare entity which should be included in the long list of causes of adrenal incidentaloma since cases with intra-operative complications have been described.
  • The previously reported reappearance of this tumor in the contralateral adrenal gland emphasizes the need for prolonged follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hernia, Abdominal / complications

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  • (PMID = 19461165.001).
  • [ISSN] 1348-4540
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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38. Stell A, Sinnott R, Jiang J: Enabling secure, distributed collaborations for adrenal tumor research. Stud Health Technol Inform; 2010;159:259-63

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Enabling secure, distributed collaborations for adrenal tumor research.
  • One such collaboration, which spans several specialist centres across France, Germany, Italy and the UK, is ENSAT - the European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors.
  • The rarity of the tumors under study means the value of accessing, aggregating and comparing data from many centres is great indeed.
  • We describe the architecture, implementation and use to date of this facility to support the ENSAT adrenal cancer research network.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Glands / physiopathology. Biomedical Research. Cooperative Behavior. Neoplasms. Public Health Informatics

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  • (PMID = 20543447.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9630
  • [Journal-full-title] Studies in health technology and informatics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stud Health Technol Inform
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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39. Shibata H: [Deoxycorticosterone-producing adrenal tumor]. Nihon Rinsho; 2006 May 28;Suppl 1:641-4
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  • [Title] [Deoxycorticosterone-producing adrenal tumor].
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / metabolism. Desoxycorticosterone / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenalectomy. Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Hypertension / drug therapy. Hypertension / etiology. Hyponatremia / etiology. Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists / therapeutic use. Mitotane / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Renin / deficiency. Spironolactone / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16776237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-1852
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Rinsho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; 0 / Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists; 27O7W4T232 / Spironolactone; 40GP35YQ49 / Desoxycorticosterone; 78E4J5IB5J / Mitotane; EC 3.4.23.15 / Renin
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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40. Hoshiyama F, Hosokawa Y, Kumamoto H, Hayashi Y, Fujimoto K, Hirao Y: [Choriocarcinoma presenting as a spontaneous rupture of an adrenal metastasis: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2008 Apr;54(4):281-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Choriocarcinoma presenting as a spontaneous rupture of an adrenal metastasis: a case report].
  • An abdominal enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed retroperitoneal hemorrhage, leading to life-threatening, and multiple tumors in the liver.
  • These findings strongly indicated a spontaneous rupture of adrenal tumor.
  • An examination during surgery showed a rupture of adrenal tumor.
  • En bloc resection of adrenal gland, tumor, and the kidney was performed.
  • Pathological finding revealed the adrenal tumor was choriocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Choriocarcinoma / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18516921.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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41. Shibata H: [Corticosterone-producing adrenal tumor]. Nihon Rinsho; 2006 May 28;Suppl 1:638-40
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  • [Title] [Corticosterone-producing adrenal tumor].
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / metabolism. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / metabolism. Corticosterone / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenalectomy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Hypertension / drug therapy. Hypertension / etiology. Hyponatremia / etiology. Metyrapone / therapeutic use. Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Spironolactone / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16776236.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-1852
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Rinsho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mineralocorticoid Receptor Antagonists; 27O7W4T232 / Spironolactone; W980KJ009P / Corticosterone; ZS9KD92H6V / Metyrapone
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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42. Nomikos IN, Zizi-Serbetzoglou A, Matsakis G, Elemenoglou J, Vamvakopoulos NC: Association of an oversized adrenal cortical adenoma with expression of pheochromocytoma-like neurosecretory features. J BUON; 2008 Jul-Sep;13(3):425-8
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  • [Title] Association of an oversized adrenal cortical adenoma with expression of pheochromocytoma-like neurosecretory features.
  • Abnormal stimulation of adrenal function may be either direct, affecting similarly cortical and medullary secretion, or indirect affecting primarily the medulla.
  • Indirect activation of clinically detectable adrenomedullary function may develop as a physical consequence of a non-functional adrenal tumor exerting pressure on the medulla by its size, location and direction of growth.
  • Our case of an oversized and overweight adrenal tumor associated with expression of late-onset pheochromocytoma-like clinical symptoms may be explained by the physical indirect rather than the biological direct activation of adrenomedullary function like hyperplasia or cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Medulla / pathology. Pheochromocytoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18979561.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-0625
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J BUON
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 57285-09-3 / Inhibins
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43. Brown CG, Graves TK: Hyperadrenocorticism: treating dogs. Compend Contin Educ Vet; 2007 Mar;29(3):132-4, 136, 138 passim; quiz 144-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Both medical and surgical options for treating pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism and adrenal tumor-related disease are discussed, and the efficacy, safety, and use of these treatments are compared.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Cortex Function Tests. Animals. Dihydrotestosterone / analogs & derivatives. Dihydrotestosterone / therapeutic use. Dogs. Drug Therapy, Combination. Ketoconazole / therapeutic use. Mitotane / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17726933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1940-8307
  • [Journal-full-title] Compendium (Yardley, PA)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Compend Contin Educ Vet
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 08J2K08A3Y / Dihydrotestosterone; 78E4J5IB5J / Mitotane; L0FPV48Q5R / trilostane; R9400W927I / Ketoconazole
  • [Number-of-references] 53
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44. Utsumi T, Suzuki H, Nakamura K, Kim W, Kamijima S, Awa Y, Araki K, Nihei N, Naya Y, Ichikawa T: Renal cell carcinoma with a huge solitary metastasis to the contralateral adrenal gland: a case report. Int J Urol; 2008 Dec;15(12):1077-9
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  • [Title] Renal cell carcinoma with a huge solitary metastasis to the contralateral adrenal gland: a case report.
  • Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is capable of metastasizing to several organs.
  • Synchronous isolated contralateral adrenal metastasis of the primary RCC is, however, very rare.
  • Herein we report a case of RCC with a huge solitary metastasis to the contralateral adrenal gland that was surgically treated.
  • We scheduled nephrectomy for the left primary RCC and adrenalectomy for the right adrenal tumor.
  • However, at surgery we found a huge right adrenal tumor that had invaded the right kidney, right renal vein, and inferior vena cava.
  • Pathological findings demonstrated that the left renal tumor and right adrenal tumor had the same histology.
  • So far, there have been only two cases of a solitary contralateral metastatic adrenal tumor that was larger than the primary RCC, thus the present case is the third one.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / secondary. Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Glands / pathology. Humans. Kidney / pathology. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19120516.001).
  • [ISSN] 1442-2042
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Urol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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45. Castellano JJ, Warren MW, Arroyo MR, Cendan JC: Laparoscopic resection of a virilizing adrenocortical tumor. JSLS; 2008 Jul-Sep;12(3):343-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic resection of a virilizing adrenocortical tumor.
  • Virilizing adrenocortical tumors are rare.
  • Herein, we describe a case of laparoscopic resection of a testosterone-producing adrenal tumor in a sixteen-year-old female.

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  • (PMID = 18765068.001).
  • [ISSN] 1086-8089
  • [Journal-full-title] JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JSLS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3015862
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46. Kimura M, Irie A, Minei S, Ishii J, Okawa A, Takashima R, Kadowaki K, Morinaga S, Baba S: [A case of adrenocortical adenoma coexisting with gastrointestinal stromal tumor]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2007 Aug;53(8):551-5
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  • [Title] [A case of adrenocortical adenoma coexisting with gastrointestinal stromal tumor].
  • A 48-year-old man was referred to our institute for the evaluation of a concomitant gastric submucosal tumor and right adrenal tumor, incidentally found by ultrasound examination.
  • Computed tomography showed a mass with a diameter of 6 cm adjacent to the stomach and the right adrenal tumor with a diameter of 3 cm.
  • These tumors had similar characteristics in both plain and enhanced imagings.
  • By magnetic resonance imaging, the intensity of the right adrenal tumor was equivalent to the liver in both T1 and T2 weighted images.
  • On the other hand, the gastric submucosal tumor showed low intensity in T1 weighted images and high intensity in T2 weighted images.
  • An adosterol scintigram showed slight accumulation at the region of adrenal tumor.
  • Pathological diagnosis of the adrenal tumor was a cortical adenoma, and that of the gastric submucosal tumor was gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST).
  • The gastric tumor was immunohistochemically stained positive with the C-kit and CD34 and negative for s-100 protein and desmin.
  • Histopathological diagnosis was coincident with gastric GIST and right adrenocortical adenoma, and the GIST was diagnosed as a high risk tumor because its diameter was over 5 cm.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenocortical Adenoma / surgery. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / surgery. Laparoscopy. Stomach Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17874546.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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47. Kato M, Tanaka Y, Kuroda T, Nakashima T, Hattori T: Vertebral artery dissecting aneurysm with Cushing's syndrome: case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo); 2010;50(4):313-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Computed tomography demonstrated an adrenal tumor.
  • Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed under a diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome caused by an adrenal tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Aneurysm, Ruptured / surgery. Cushing Syndrome / diagnosis. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / etiology. Vertebral Artery Dissection / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20448424.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-8029
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurologia medico-chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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48. Sasaki N, Iwase M, Arima H, Nohara S, Bandai S, Yao T, Fujii K, Iida M: Overt diabetes mellitus in a patient with combined primary aldosteronism and Cushing's syndrome. Intern Med; 2006;45(21):1237-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Although there are some case reports of combined aldosterone and cortisol producing adrenal tumor, overt diabetes mellitus has been rarely described.
  • A solitary left aldosterone- and cortisol-producing adrenal tumor was diagnosed.
  • [MeSH-major] Cushing Syndrome / diagnosis. Diabetes Mellitus / diagnosis. Hyperaldosteronism / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / complications. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Diabetes Complications / complications. Diabetes Complications / diagnosis. Diabetes Complications / surgery. Female. Humans. Middle Aged


49. Suyama K, Beppu T, Isiko T, Sugiyama S, Doi K, Masuda T, Ikeda O, Takamori H, Tsuji R, Kanemitsu K, Egami H, Baba H, Saisyoji T: [Hand-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy to a solitary adrenal metastasis from lung cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2005 Oct;32(11):1839-41
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  • [Title] [Hand-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy to a solitary adrenal metastasis from lung cancer].
  • A 75-year-old man with right chest pain was diagnosed with primary lung cancer in the right apical portion, and was treated with chemoradiotherapy because of a synchronous left adrenal tumor of 1.6 cm.
  • Since the adrenal tumor did not increase in size for three months and there were no other relapses, the right upper lobectomy of the lung with the excision of the chest wall was performed.
  • Afterward, an enlargement of the left adrenal tumor was encountered; he was admitted to our hospital for an operation.
  • For the metastatic adrenal tumor from lung cancer, we performed a hand-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy.
  • After the first report in 1992, the laparoscopic adrenalectomy has been established as the curative operation to adrenal benign tumor.
  • We conclude that the laparoscopic adrenalectomy for malignant tumor is a safe, curative, and clinically useful surgical technique.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy / methods. Laparoscopy. Lung Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16315957.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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50. Nagase H, Yokouchi H, Ide Y, Okada K, Yanagisawa T, Mukai R, Ota H, Maruyama K, Murata K, Kinuta M: [The case of a person who was revealed by adrenal metastasis of pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Nov;37(12):2747-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The case of a person who was revealed by adrenal metastasis of pulmonary pleomorphic carcinoma].
  • Computed tomography revealed a tumor of right adrenal gland and a tumor of upper lobe of the right lung.
  • Adrenal tumor had rapidly increased, so we performed adrenectomy.
  • At first adrenal tumor was diagnosed as primary adrenal cancer because its histological findings did not coincide with those of common histologic types of lung cancer.
  • As there were possibilities that one of adrenal or lung tumor was primary and the other was metastatic or both of the two were double primary, we performed right upper lobectomy.
  • Lung tumor was diagnosed as primary pleomorphic carcinoma containing spindle-shaped tumor cells and adenocarcinoma, and then the diagnosis of adrenal tumor was corrected as metastasis of lung cancer.
  • Two months after the lung operation, cervical lymph node swelling, metastasis of stomach and local recurrence of adrenal tumor appeared.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenalectomy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / diagnosis. Pneumonectomy

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  • (PMID = 21224700.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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51. Hsiao HL, Li CC, Lin HC, Yeh HC, Huang CH, Wu WJ: Adrenal schwannoma treated with laparoscopic adrenalectomy: a case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci; 2008 Oct;24(10):553-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adrenal schwannoma treated with laparoscopic adrenalectomy: a case report.
  • Schwannoma of the adrenal gland is extremely rare.
  • Here, we report a 49-year-old patient with an adrenal tumor noted incidentally by abdominal ultrasonography while undergoing regular health examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy. Laparoscopy. Neurilemmoma / pathology. Neurilemmoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19181588.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-551X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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52. Yang PW, Wang WY, Yang CH, Chou CC, Yen DH, Chou J: Treatment of massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage from adrenal metastasis of hepatoma. J Chin Med Assoc; 2007 Mar;70(3):126-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment of massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage from adrenal metastasis of hepatoma.
  • Spontaneous rupture of metastatic adrenal tumor with massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage and shock is an uncommon clinical event.
  • Computed tomography revealed a 7-cm left adrenal tumor mass with retroperitoneal hemorrhage.
  • The ruptured adrenal tumor was further confirmed by selective angiography, which demonstrated that the bleeder was supplied by the left suprarenal artery.
  • Transarterial embolization (TAE) to stop tumor bleeding was performed successfully.
  • The patient then underwent tumor resection with left adrenalectomy 5 days after the embolization, with pathology subsequently revealing metastatic HCC.
  • Metastatic adrenal tumor bleeding should be suspected in hepatoma patients who suffer abrupt flank pain and shock.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology. Hemorrhage / therapy. Liver Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17389158.001).
  • [ISSN] 1726-4901
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Chinese Medical Association : JCMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chin Med Assoc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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53. Otsuki H, Ito K, Kosaka T, Mikami H, Yoshii H, Asakuma J, Kaji T, Asano T, Hayakawa M: [Adrenal metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma with unusual sites of lymph node metastasis and concomitant renal cell carcinoma: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2007 Dec;53(12):879-82
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  • [Title] [Adrenal metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma with unusual sites of lymph node metastasis and concomitant renal cell carcinoma: a case report].
  • Right adrenal tumor was found by computed tomography and he was referred to our hospital.
  • Imaging studies revealed right adrenal tumor (8 cm) with marked swelling of surrounding lymph nodes and synchronous left renal tumor (2 cm) that was weakly enhanced by contrast media.
  • Needle biopsy of the left kidney proved to be clear cell type renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and the preoperative diagnosis was left RCC and right primary adrenal cancer with lymph node metastasis.
  • Pathological findings of right adrenal tumor and lymph nodes were both metastatic adenocarcinoma, which was not consistent with RCC or adrenal-derived carcinoma.
  • According to pathological findings and an elevation of carcinoembryogenic antigen, the adrenal lesion was diagnosed as adrenal metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / complications. Kidney Neoplasms / complications. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary


54. Fukagawa H, Hashiguchi M, Ayabe Y, Ando T, Nakamura K: [Anesthetic management of undiagnosed pheochromocytoma: a case report]. Masui; 2008 Oct;57(10):1241-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A 55-year-old man was scheduled for resection of an adrenal tumor under the diagnosis of a non-functioning adrenal tumor.
  • Abdominal computed tomography scans revealed a retroperitoneal abscess, which was subsequently drained effectively, and a right adrenal tumor.
  • Because of the almost normal plasma catecholamine concentration, the tumor was considered a nonfunctioning tumor.
  • However, when the surgeon manipulated the tumor during the operation, the patient's blood pressure increased suddenly to 240/120 mmHg.
  • After resection of the tumor, his blood pressure decreased to 80/40 mmHg, and the patient was treated with ephedrine, phenylephrine, and noradrenaline.
  • After surgery, the tumor was confirmed histopathologically as a pheochromocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Anesthesia. Pheochromocytoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18975540.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-4892
  • [Journal-full-title] Masui. The Japanese journal of anesthesiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Masui
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antihypertensive Agents; CZ5312222S / Nicardipine; Z468598HBV / Phentolamine
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55. Uchiyama S, Ikenaga N, Haruyama Y, Nagaike K, Hotokezaka M, Kai M, Tanaka H, Chijiiwa K: Asymptomatic extra-adrenal paraganglioma masquerading as retroperitoneal sarcoma. Clin J Gastroenterol; 2010 Feb;3(1):13-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Asymptomatic extra-adrenal paraganglioma masquerading as retroperitoneal sarcoma.
  • A 41-year-old man without clinical symptoms was referred for treatment of an enlarging retroperitoneal tumor.
  • Enhanced computed tomography showed a well-defined and heterogeneously enhanced tumor, 4 cm in size, in the dorsal portion of the pancreas.
  • A low-density nodule was detected in the left adrenal gland, 10 mm in diameter.
  • Retroperitoneal sarcoma and nonfunctional left adrenal tumor were suspected, and surgical treatment was performed.
  • During excision of the retroperitoneal tumor, blood pressure was extremely elevated when the tumor was compressed.
  • Blood pressure normalized after excision of the tumor; thus, a diagnosis of paraganglioma was favored over that of retroperitoneal sarcoma.
  • The left adrenal gland was resected together with the adrenal tumor.
  • Microscopically, the tumor cells of the retroperitoneum had round to oval nuclei, and abundant granular amphophilic cytoplasm proliferated in nest-like fashion.
  • Extra-adrenal retroperitoneal paraganglioma was considered, and the adrenal tumor was diagnosed as cortical adenoma.
  • In patients with retroperitoneal tumor, even in the absence of clinical symptoms, we should keep in mind the possibility of extra-adrenal paraganglioma.

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  • (PMID = 26189900.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-7257
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Asymptomatic paraganglioma / Extra-adrenal paraganglioma / Retroperitoneal sarcoma / Retroperitoneal tumor
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56. Song JH, Lee KH, Kim SD, Cho BS: Long-term Follow up of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Patients with Hyponatremia. Electrolyte Blood Press; 2007 Dec;5(2):140-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term Follow up of Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Patients with Hyponatremia.
  • Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) caused by 21-hydroxylase deficiency is an autosomal recessive disease, which leads to cortisol and aldosterone deficiency and hyperandrogenism.
  • Typical medical treatment includes oral glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid administration to suppress adrenal androgens and to compensate for adrenal steroid deficiencies.
  • Among these patients, four cases of CAH patients showing the presence of hyponatremia as an initial electrolyte disorder were found with adrenal adenoma.
  • Hypersecretion of adrenocorticotrophic hormone and chronic poor compliance to therapy appears to be associated with the development of the adrenal tumor.
  • Two cases were managed with adrenalectomy because of increasing adrenal tumor size and virilization.
  • Therefore, it is important that patients with CAH maintain steroid medication to avoid the appearance of adrenal tumor.

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  • (PMID = 24459514.001).
  • [ISSN] 1738-5997
  • [Journal-full-title] Electrolyte & blood pressure : E & BP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Electrolyte Blood Press
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3894515
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; 21-hydroxylase deficiency / Adrenal tumor / Congenital adrenal hyperplasia / Hyponatremia
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57. Ridho FE, Adam FM, Adam JM: Adrenal incidentaloma. Acta Med Indones; 2009 Apr;41(2):87-93
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  • [Title] Adrenal incidentaloma.
  • Adrenal Incidentaloma is an adrenal tumor, which is unidentified before the imaging procedures conducted for an abnormality which is initially unforeseen as an adrenal disease.
  • Symptoms and/or clinical signs of adrenal tumor do not have to be present prior to a diagnosis.
  • Adrenal Incidentaloma can be divided into non-hypersecreting adrenal adenoma, hypersecreting tumor, primary adrenal carcinoma, other adrenal mass, and metastases.
  • The majority of adrenal tumor is non-hypersecreting adrenal adenoma, but it is always considered as hypersecreting tumor until proven otherwise.
  • Some conditions that can be found due to hormonal activity of adrenal incidentaloma is subclinical Cushing's syndrome, pheochromocytoma, aldosteronoma (Conn's disease), and several tumors which secrete androgen and sex hormone.
  • Diagnostic approach of adrenal incidentaloma is focused on two main problems, which are, whether the lesion is hormonally active even though lacking characteristic clinical signs, and whether the lesion is benign or malignant; thus it needs hormonal and radiologic evaluation, even a fine needle biopsy.
  • The management for adrenal incidentaloma includes surgical removal for hormonally active adrenal tumors, or inactive tumors with size less than 4 cm.
  • Monitoring of tumor's hormone level and size are necessary for non-hypersecreting tumor without surgical removal.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms. Aldosterone / blood. Catecholamines / urine. Incidental Findings. Renin / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Indonesia / epidemiology. Morbidity / trends

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  • (PMID = 19390128.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-9326
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta medica Indonesiana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Med Indones
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Indonesia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Catecholamines; 4964P6T9RB / Aldosterone; EC 3.4.23.15 / Renin
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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58. Hsieh MH, Lin ZY, Huang CJ, Shih MC, Chuang WL: Management of bilateral adrenal metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma: a case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci; 2005 Aug;21(8):371-6
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  • [Title] Management of bilateral adrenal metastases from hepatocellular carcinoma: a case report.
  • The adrenal glands rarely are an extrahepatic site for metastasis from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).
  • Once identified, adrenal metastasis requires aggressive management, due to the risk of rupture and internal hemorrhaging.
  • Disease management of adrenal metastasis from HCC is limited, given the relative lack of available knowledge, and the present report details our efforts in managing bilateral adrenal metastases from HCC.
  • The left adrenal tumor was treated by 3D conformal radiation therapy, following the failure of TACE.
  • The size of the left adrenal tumor decreased and no evidence of recurrence after management was noted.
  • One right adrenal tumor was treated using two sessions of TACE, and the size of the tumor did not decrease.
  • We later observed that the right tumor actually progressively increased in size.
  • The tumor was then treated by 3D conformal radiation therapy (total 5400 cGy), and the size decreased by 10 mm, 1 month after treatment.
  • Renal function was maintained within normal ranges after diagnosis of HCC and throughout the entire follow-up period, and no complications secondary to radiation therapy were noted.
  • Our experience may provide useful information in disease management for these patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / therapy. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology. Chemoembolization, Therapeutic. Liver Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16158880.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-551X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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59. Maruyama M, Sato H, Yagame M, Shoji S, Terachi T, Osamura RY: Spontaneous rupture of pheochromocytoma and its clinical features: a case report. Tokai J Exp Clin Med; 2008 Sep;33(3):110-5
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  • Rupture of adrenal pheochromocytoma is extremely rare and can be lethal because of dramatic changes in the circulation.
  • The patient was referred to our hospital because of severe hypertension (256/127 mmHg) and a left adrenal tumor.
  • T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed high signal intensity in the 50-mm left adrenal tumor.
  • These findings suggested that the left adrenal tumor was a pheochromocytoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Pheochromocytoma / pathology. Rupture, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 21318978.001).
  • [ISSN] 2185-2243
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tokai journal of experimental and clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tokai J. Exp. Clin. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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60. Jotoku M, Okura T, Nagao T, Enomoto D, Irita J, Miyoshi K, Kurata M, Fukuoka T, Higaki J: [Case of 131I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy-negative and 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)-positive pheochromocytoma]. Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi; 2009;51(5):563-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A 53-year-old man was admitted to Ehime University Hospital because of a left adrenal tumor, which was detected by a routine medical examination.
  • Computed tomography showed the tumor consisting mainly of low-density areas and partly of heterogeneous density areas.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated that the tumor consisted mainly of low intensity areas, partly of heterogeneous intensity areas determined by T1-weighted images; T2-weighted images showed that the tumor consisted mainly of high intensity areas and partly of heterogeneous intensity areas.
  • These images suggested that the left adrenal tumor was a pheochromocytoma.
  • Although 131I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy did not show an accumulation of the tracer, 2-[18F]-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) showed an increased accumulation of the tracer in the left adrenal tumor.
  • These results were suggestive of the diagnosis of pheochromocytoma, and left adrenalectomy was performed by endoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] 3-Iodobenzylguanidine. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Fluorine Radioisotopes. Fluorodeoxyglucose F18. Iodine Radioisotopes. Pheochromocytoma / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Radiopharmaceuticals

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  • (PMID = 19715165.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-2385
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Jinzo Gakkai shi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Jinzo Gakkai Shi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fluorine Radioisotopes; 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18; 35MRW7B4AD / 3-Iodobenzylguanidine
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61. Nomura M, Sasano H, Okada Y, Watanabe T, Sakamoto S, Sakiyama Y, Sakamoto R, Abe I, Horiuchi T, Yanase T, Takayanagi R: Adrenal failure caused by a retroperitoneal malignant mesothelioma. Intern Med; 2009;48(24):2109-14
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adrenal failure caused by a retroperitoneal malignant mesothelioma.
  • A 62-year-old man presented with clinical signs of acute abdominal pain and adrenal insufficiency.
  • Computerized tomographic scans revealed bilateral adrenal tumors and the left adrenal tumor was surgically resected.
  • The patient was found to have retroperitoneal mesothelioma presenting as bilateral metastatic adrenal tumors, which were well controlled by systemic chemotherapy with CDDP and 5-FU.
  • This case appears to be the first reported case in the literature of adrenal failure due to bilateral adrenal infiltration caused by retroperitoneal malignant mesothelioma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Adrenal Insufficiency / etiology. Mesothelioma / secondary. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / pathology


62. Varkarakis IM, Mufarrij P, Studeman KD, Jarrett TW: Adenomatoid of the adrenal gland. Urology; 2005 Jan;65(1):175
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  • [Title] Adenomatoid of the adrenal gland.
  • Adenomatoid tumors are common in the genital tract but rare in the adrenal gland.
  • These tumors can be difficult to diagnose when present in extragenital sites.
  • This type of adrenal tumor lacks specific radiographic features and can be confused preoperatively with more common adrenal gland tumors.
  • We present the case of a 54-year-old man with an incidental right adrenal mass with calcified components and elevated urinary levels of homovanillic acid that was found to be an adenomatoid tumor of the adrenal gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenomatoid Tumor / radiography. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / radiography. Calcinosis / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Calbindin 2. Homovanillic Acid / urine. Humans. Incidental Findings. Kidney Calculi / complications. Kidney Calculi / radiography. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. S100 Calcium Binding Protein G / analysis

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  • (PMID = 15667895.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Calbindin 2; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Calcium Binding Protein G; X77S6GMS36 / Homovanillic Acid
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63. Mukai M, Takao T, Yoshida T, Inoue H, Miyagawa Y, Yoshimura K, Okuyama A, Aozasa K, Fujii T, Takatera H: [Adrenal ganglioneuroma in a 14-year-old girl: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2006 Aug;52(8):619-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Adrenal ganglioneuroma in a 14-year-old girl: a case report].
  • A 14-year-old girl was referred to our hospital for examination of a right adrenal tumor, incidentally found by abdominal ultrasound sonography.
  • Computed tomographic scan and magnetic resonance imaging showed a 44 x 20 mm solid tumor in the right adrenal region.
  • Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed and the tumor was histologically diagnosed as ganglioneuroma originated from the right adrenal medulla.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ganglioneuroma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adrenal Medulla. Adrenalectomy. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16972624.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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64. Dural C, Bilge O, Toker A, Erbil Y, Salmaslioglu A, Ozbey N, Aral F: Malignant phaeochromocytoma with cavoatrial extension: transcaval removal of tumor without cardiopulmonary bypass A case report. Minerva Chir; 2010 Aug;65(4):485-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malignant phaeochromocytoma with cavoatrial extension: transcaval removal of tumor without cardiopulmonary bypass A case report.
  • Adrenal carcinoma is a rare tumor and with metastasis usually in lungs, lymph nodes, liver, and bones.
  • The surgical approach to adrenal tumor extending into the vena cava is challenging.
  • The optimal surgical approach of tumor with inferior vena cava extension depends on the level of vena cava involvement.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Heart Atria. Heart Neoplasms / secondary. Pheochromocytoma / pathology. Vena Cava, Inferior
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adrenalectomy. Cardiopulmonary Bypass / methods. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20802436.001).
  • [ISSN] 0026-4733
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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65. Poiană C, Chiriţă C, Carşote M, Bulata R, Iosif C, Petrescu R, Verzea S, Stanescu B: Pheochromocytoma--from endocrinologist to surgeon. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2009 Nov-Dec;104(6):753-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We report the case an asymptomatic patient who underwent left adrenalectomy for a incidentally discovered large, cystic adrenal tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy. Pheochromocytoma / diagnosis. Pheochromocytoma / surgery. Physician's Role

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  • (PMID = 20187478.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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66. Monjero-Ares I, Gegundez-Gómez C, Couselo-Villanueva JM, Moreda-Pérez M, Jorge-Iglesias M, Torres-García I, Alvarez-Gutiérrez AE, Arija-Val JF: [Association of pheochromocytoma with contralateral nonfunctioning adrenal adenoma]. Cir Esp; 2006 Feb;79(2):126-8
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  • [Title] [Association of pheochromocytoma with contralateral nonfunctioning adrenal adenoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Asociación de feocromocitoma con adenoma suprarrenal contralateral no funcionante.
  • A 52-year-old woman complaining of abdominal pain, headaches and palpitations was admitted to our hospital for investigation of a bilateral adrenal tumor.
  • The definitive diagnosis was right pheochromocytoma and left adrenocortical adenoma.
  • Only four cases of pheochromocytoma associated with nonfunctioning adrenal adenoma have previously been reported.
  • Further examination of cases similar to ours might reveal the underlying mechanisms for the coexistence of these tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Pheochromocytoma

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  • (PMID = 16539953.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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67. Chen JH, Yu CY, Pai CY, Chan DC, Chen CJ, Yu JC, Liu YC: Castleman's disease in the left upper retroperitoneal space mimicking an adrenal neoplasm: report of a case and literature review. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2005 Jun;35(6):353-6
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  • [Title] Castleman's disease in the left upper retroperitoneal space mimicking an adrenal neoplasm: report of a case and literature review.
  • Castleman's disease is a rare disorder characterized by benign proliferation of lymphoid tissue.
  • The left suprarenal location of this localized disease may be mistaken for an adrenal tumor.
  • We report a case of a 51-year-old woman with a Castleman's tumor located superomedial to the upper pole of the left kidney that mimicked an adrenal neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Giant Lymph Node Hyperplasia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Retroperitoneal Space / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15928190.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2811
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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68. Yoshida T, Saito J, Takao T, Ichimaru N, Takaha N, Nonomura N, Okuyama A, Tsujimoto Y, Aozasa K, Kondo M: [Adrenal ganglioneuroma: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2005 Feb;51(2):93-6
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  • [Title] [Adrenal ganglioneuroma: a case report].
  • A patient with an incidentally diagnosed adrenal ganglioneuroma is reported.
  • A 37-year-old man who underwent abdominal computed tomography (CT) in the course of evaluating liver dysfunction was found to have a right adrenal tumor.
  • With a preoperative diagnosis of non-functioning right adrenal tumor, resection was performed.
  • The tumor specimen was noncystic weighing 150 g and measuring 10 x 8 x 3 cm.
  • The histopathologic diagnosis was ganglioneuroma originating from the adrenal gland.
  • Adrenal ganglioneuroma is relatively rare, 147 cases including ours have been reported in Japan.
  • Increasing numbers of these tumors are being found incidentally by ultrasonography or CT.
  • Ganglioneuroma is a benign tumor, and disagreement exists concerning diagnosis and indications for surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ganglioneuroma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15773360.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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69. Shimizu H, Itokawa Y, Shioaki Y, Sonoda H, Ikeda J, Koide K, Taniguchi F, Ueshima Y, Takashina K, Otsuji E: [Long-term survival of patient with gastric cancer treated by S-1 + paclitaxel combination chemotherapy against multiple liver metastases after gastrectomy and adrenalectomy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Nov;37(12):2334-6
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  • A subsequent CT evaluation after 6 courses of the regimen revealed that liver metastases maintained the clinical complete response (cCR), but a right adrenal tumor was detected.
  • We performed a right adrenalectomy after 13 months from gastrectomy, and a histopathological examination revealed that the adrenal tumor was a recurrent gastric cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenalectomy. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Gastrectomy. Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology. Stomach Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Aged. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / administration & dosage. Drug Combinations. Humans. Male. Oxonic Acid / administration & dosage. Paclitaxel / administration & dosage. Remission Induction. Tegafur / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 21224564.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 0 / Drug Combinations; 150863-82-4 / S 1 (combination); 1548R74NSZ / Tegafur; 5VT6420TIG / Oxonic Acid; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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70. Batra YK, Rajeev S, Rao KL: Anesthesia management of a ganglioneuroma with seizures presenting as pheochromocytoma. Paediatr Anaesth; 2007 May;17(5):479-83
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  • Ganglioneuromas (GN) are neural crest cell-derived tumors which may coexist with pheochromocytomas, secrete various neuropeptides or the symptoms may mimic that of a pheochromocytoma, producing hypertension or a hypotensive crisis during anesthesia for these tumors.
  • We report here the case of a 7-year-old female child with an adrenal tumor suspected to be a pheochromocytoma, later confirmed by histology as a GN.
  • This child presented with episodic headache, anxiety, palpitations and 3D helical (spiral) computed tomography of the abdomen revealed an adrenal tumor.
  • In addition, the child was diagnosed to have a seizure disorder.
  • Although the child's preoperative catecholamine levels were normal, tumor manipulation caused a hypertensive crisis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Anesthesia / methods. Epilepsy / complications. Ganglioneuroma / diagnosis. Pheochromocytoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Anesthesia, Epidural / methods. Anesthetics, Inhalation / administration & dosage. Anesthetics, Intravenous / administration & dosage. Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage. Antihypertensive Agents / administration & dosage. Anxiety / etiology. Blood Pressure / drug effects. Central Venous Pressure / drug effects. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Headache / etiology. Heart Rate / drug effects. Humans. Hypertension / drug therapy. Hypertension / etiology. Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents / administration & dosage. Radiography, Abdominal / methods. Rare Diseases. Tomography, Spiral Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 17474956.001).
  • [ISSN] 1155-5645
  • [Journal-full-title] Paediatric anaesthesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Paediatr Anaesth
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anesthetics, Inhalation; 0 / Anesthetics, Intravenous; 0 / Anesthetics, Local; 0 / Antihypertensive Agents; 0 / Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents
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71. Maru S, Yamashita N, Shinno Y: [Adrenal multilocular echinococcosis: a case report]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2007 May;98(4):643-5
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  • [Title] [Adrenal multilocular echinococcosis: a case report].
  • A 79-year-old man was consulted to our hospital for further examination of right adrenal tumor shown by computed tomography.
  • 131I-adosterol scintigram showed decreased uptake on the right adrenal.
  • Right adrenalectomy was done in consider to adrenal cancer.
  • By the pathological findings and the serological tests (ELISA, and Western Blot examination), the tumor was diagnosed as an adrenal multilocular echinococcosis.
  • In Europe, the primary hydatid cyst is found in the adrenal in only 0.05% of the total case.
  • Moreover, adrenal multilocular echinococcosis is extremely rare case, and is not presented yet in the world.
  • By the patient' s residential history, echinococcosis shoud be considered to differential diagnosis of the adrenal tumor in urology.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Diseases / diagnosis. Adrenalectomy. Echinococcosis / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Aged. Animals. Diagnosis, Differential. Echinococcus multilocularis / isolation & purification. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 17564109.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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72. Imachi H, Murao K, Yoshimoto T, Sugimoto M, Kakehi Y, Hayashi T, Kushida Y, Haba R, Tahara R, Ishida T: Idiopathic unilateral adrenal hemorrhage in an elderly patient. Endocrine; 2010 Apr;37(2):249-52
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  • [Title] Idiopathic unilateral adrenal hemorrhage in an elderly patient.
  • The patient was admitted to our hospital for the evaluation of a right adrenal tumor (size, 10 × 9 cm²).
  • Preoperative contrast-enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings were indicative of adrenal hemorrhage (AH).
  • Laboratory data revealed mild anemia but no adrenal dysfunction.
  • The final pathological diagnosis was simply idiopathic adrenal hematoma.
  • We report an unusual case of idiopathic unilateral adrenal hematoma in an elderly patient.
  • It is important to distinguish this benign lesion from a neoplasm and to consider idiopathic AH in an adrenal tumor during differential diagnosis in elderly patients who have not received anticoagulation therapy or suffered from trauma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / radiography. Hematoma / radiography. Hemorrhage / radiography. Hypertension / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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  • (PMID = 20960259.001).
  • [ISSN] 1559-0100
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocrine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Peppa M, Karamitopoulou E, Nikolopoulos P, Peros G, Economopoulos T, Raptis SA, Hadjidakis D: Large adrenal oncocytoma with uncertain malignant potential: case report and review of literature. Endocr Pract; 2010 Jul-Aug;16(4):641-5
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  • [Title] Large adrenal oncocytoma with uncertain malignant potential: case report and review of literature.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a case of oncocytoma, a relatively rare adrenal tumor, which most commonly is detected as an adrenal incidentaloma.
  • METHODS: We present a case report, including laboratory, imaging, and pathologic findings, of a 47-year-old obese woman who had hypertension and an incidentally found large, left adrenal mass.
  • RESULTS: On the basis of the hormonal evaluation, this mass was a nonsecreting adrenal tumor, which histologically proved to be an oncocytoma with borderline malignant characteristics.
  • A collective analysis of the few cases of adrenal oncocytoma published in the medical literature showed that our case corresponded to the previously published cases in preponderant location (left side) as well as the general size (11.4 cm in the largest dimension) and weight (372 g).
  • CONCLUSION: Adrenal oncocytoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of adrenal incidentalomas, especially if large tumors are detected.
  • In addition, a longterm follow-up is suggested because there are no certain clues about the true potential of this tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Oxyphilic / diagnosis. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Precancerous Conditions / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenocortical Adenoma / complications. Adrenocortical Adenoma / diagnosis. Adrenocortical Adenoma / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hypertension / complications. Incidental Findings. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Obesity / complications. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 20061289.001).
  • [ISSN] 1934-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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74. Soricelli E, Casella G, Rizzello M, Abbatini F, Alessandri G, Fantini A, Basso N: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and left adrenalectomy with supragastric approach. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech; 2010 Dec;20(6):e195-8

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  • During the preoperative work-up, an abdominal ultrasonography and an RMN showed an incidental left adrenal tumor with a diameter of 11 cm.
  • The laboratory evaluation for the functional adrenal tumor was negative.
  • The minimally invasive treatment of coexisting abdominal pathologies such as morbid obesity and adrenal incidentalomas seem to be suitable and safe, providing several benefits in terms of surgical and anesthesiologic management and postoperative clinical outcomes.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology. Comorbidity. Female. Humans. Incidental Findings. Middle Aged. Obesity, Morbid / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 21150401.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4908
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Adrenal incidentaloma
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75. Kostyuchenko N, Pushkarev V, Kashevarov G, Tronko M, Komisarenko I, Mikosha O: Effects of N-acylethanolamines and various antimitotic agents on apoptotic DNA fragmentation in conventionally normal and tumor tissue of human adrenals. Exp Oncol; 2005 Sep;27(3):215-9
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  • [Title] Effects of N-acylethanolamines and various antimitotic agents on apoptotic DNA fragmentation in conventionally normal and tumor tissue of human adrenals.
  • AIM: To study effects of N-acylethanolamines (NAE) and various antimitotic agents: taxol, colchicine, and cytochalasin B on the DNA fragmentation extent in conventionally normal (CNT) and tumor tissue of human adrenal cortex.
  • METHODS: Six types of adrenal tumor tissue of 84 patients were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: It was established that NAEs enhanced apoptosis in conventionally normal and tumor tissue of adrenal glands.
  • In general, tumor tissue was more sensitive to NAEs and antimitotic compounds than conventionally normal tissue.
  • NAEs in combination with colchicine and cytochalasin B enhanced DNA fragmentation in some types of tumor tissue and did not influence, or even reduced it in CNT.
  • Taxol revealed selective action depending on tumor tissue type.
  • Considerable individual differences were reported in sensitiveness of different types of tumors to the NAEs and antimitotic agents.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Taxol and combination of NAEs with colchicine and cytochalasin B are inductors of apoptosis in the adrenal tumor cells and thus promising for further investigation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Antimitotic Agents / pharmacology. Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / pharmacology. DNA Damage. Ethanolamines / pharmacology. Paclitaxel / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Glands / cytology. Apoptosis / drug effects. Humans. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 16244584.001).
  • [ISSN] 1812-9269
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ukraine
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimitotic Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 0 / Ethanolamines; 0 / N-acylethanolamines; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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76. Surga N, Makdassi R, Choukroun G, Vandwalle J, Petit J, Saint F: [Adrenal hemorrhage acutised by adrenocorticotropin hormone]. Prog Urol; 2010 Jun;20(6):425-9
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  • [Title] [Adrenal hemorrhage acutised by adrenocorticotropin hormone].
  • OBJECTIVE: Many spontaneous adrenal hematomas have been observed in patients being treated by Synacthène.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2000 to December 2008, five patients (four males and one female), mean age 47, were taken in charge in our service for spontaneous adrenal hematomas.
  • No adrenal tumor was ever found during the mean two years follow-up (one to four).
  • CONCLUSION: Spontaneous adrenal hematomas are a most uncommon pathology.
  • An adrenal tumor has to be excluded by the evaluation, as that tumor could be secreting or could not be secreting.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Diseases / chemically induced. Cosyntropin / adverse effects. Hematoma / chemically induced. Hemorrhage / chemically induced. Hormones / adverse effects

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20538206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1166-7087
  • [Journal-full-title] Progrès en urologie : journal de l'Association française d'urologie et de la Société française d'urologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prog. Urol.
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hormones; 16960-16-0 / Cosyntropin; 53468-06-7 / adrenocorticotropin zinc
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77. Fukai N, Hirono Y, Yoshimoto T, Doi M, Ohtsuka Y, Homma K, Shibata H, Sasano H, Hirata Y: A case of estrogen-secreting adrenocortical carcinoma with subclinical Cushing's syndrome. Endocr J; 2006 Apr;53(2):237-45
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  • A 25-year-old man was found to have a large right adrenal mass detected by abdominal echography and computed tomography, and presented with a mild gynecomastia.
  • The patient had no Cushingoid features but autonomous cortisol secretion, compatible with the diagnosis of subclinical Cushing's syndrome.
  • Surgical removal of the adrenal tumor led to normalization of serum and urinary excretion of estrogens and DHEA-S.
  • The disorganized expression of all the steroidogenic enzymes in individual tumor cells was demonstrated by immunohistochemical analysis, and the abundant expression of both aromatase mRNA and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II mRNA was shown by RT-PCR.
  • These data suggest the excessive secretion of estrogen as well as the ineffective steroidogenesis by the adrenal tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenocortical Carcinoma / complications. Adrenocortical Carcinoma / diagnosis. Adrenocortical Carcinoma / secretion. Cushing Syndrome / complications. Estrogens / secretion
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / surgery. Adult. Dehydroepiandrosterone / blood. Dehydroepiandrosterone / urine. Hormones, Ectopic / secretion. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 16618983.001).
  • [ISSN] 0918-8959
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Estrogens; 0 / Hormones, Ectopic; 459AG36T1B / Dehydroepiandrosterone
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78. Miyoshi T, Otsuka F, Suzuki J, Inagaki K, Kano Y, Ogura T, Kiura K, Saika T, Makino H: Abrupt enlargement of adrenal incidentaloma: a case of isolated adrenal metastasis. Endocr J; 2005 Dec;52(6):785-8
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  • [Title] Abrupt enlargement of adrenal incidentaloma: a case of isolated adrenal metastasis.
  • A 56-year-old Japanese man was referred for examination of right adrenal tumor (3 cm).
  • However, five months after the initial diagnosis the patient complained of severe right back pain with remarkable enlargement of both adrenals (~20-fold volume).
  • Although the origin of adrenal tumor was uncertain by pathological workup, positron emission tomography (PET) scan with (18)F-2-fluoro-D-deoxyglucose (FDG) eventually revealed a hot spot on left upper lung, which was consistent with a lesion of thickened bulla wall observed by chest CT.
  • The present case is a very rare example of abrupt enlargement of bilateral adrenals due to clinically isolated adrenal metastasis, suggesting the requirement of frequent observation with greatest care regarding morphologic changes of adrenal incidentalomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / secondary. Adrenocortical Adenoma / diagnosis. Lung Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Glands / pathology. Adrenal Glands / radiography. Adrenal Glands / ultrasonography. Humans. Hydrocortisone / blood. Incidental Findings. Male. Middle Aged. Positron-Emission Tomography

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  • [CommentIn] Endocr J. 2007 Dec;54(5):829 [17878608.001]
  • (PMID = 16410674.001).
  • [ISSN] 0918-8959
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] WI4X0X7BPJ / Hydrocortisone
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79. Pusantisampan T, Sangkhathat S, Kayasut K, Kanngurn S, Jaruratanasirikul S, Chotsampancharoen T, Kritsaneepaiboon S: Cushing's syndrome in an infant secondary to malignant adrenocortical tumors with somatic mutation of beta-catenin. Pediatr Dev Pathol; 2010 May-Jun;13(3):238-42
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  • [Title] Cushing's syndrome in an infant secondary to malignant adrenocortical tumors with somatic mutation of beta-catenin.
  • A role of beta-catenin (CTNNB1) in the molecular pathogenesis of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) has been suspected in adult ACC and pediatric pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease, but it has never been reported in pediatric ACC.
  • We present the case of a 4-month-old Thai infant who had Cushing's syndrome secondary to bilateral adrenal tumors with hepatic metastasis.
  • Histopathology revealed bilateral adrenocortical tumors with different histologic grades; the right tumor had a higher score, according to modified Weiss criteria.
  • On molecular study, a deletion mutation of beta-catenin involving codons 44 to 45 was detected in the right adrenal tumor.
  • The same mutation was found in peripheral blood before treatment; this mutation disappeared after tumor removal.
  • The left tumor harbored wild-type beta-catenin.
  • Immunohistochemistry showed nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin on the right adrenal tumor and the metastatic nodule.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / complications. Adrenocortical Carcinoma / complications. Cushing Syndrome / etiology. Gene Deletion. Liver Neoplasms / complications. beta Catenin / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19863445.001).
  • [ISSN] 1093-5266
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric and developmental pathology : the official journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Dev. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CTNNB1 protein, human; 0 / Wnt Proteins; 0 / beta Catenin
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80. Rask E, Schvarcz E, Hellman P, Hennings J, Karlsson FA, Rao CV: Adrenocorticotropin-independent Cushing's syndrome in pregnancy related to overexpression of adrenal luteinizing hormone/human chorionic gonadotropin receptors. J Endocrinol Invest; 2009 Apr;32(4):313-6
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  • [Title] Adrenocorticotropin-independent Cushing's syndrome in pregnancy related to overexpression of adrenal luteinizing hormone/human chorionic gonadotropin receptors.
  • Cushing's syndrome during pregnancy is rare, and rather than being of pituitary origin most patients exhibit ACTH-independent adrenal hypercortisolism.
  • We describe a case with aberrant adrenal LH/hCG receptors in a large adrenal tumor as a possible explanation for cortisol hypersecretion and tumor growth in Cushing s syndrome during pregnancy.
  • Investigations revealed hypercortisolemia, suppressed ACTH-levels, and a 6.4- cm right adrenal tumor.
  • The tumor was successfully removed by laparoscopy at 26th week of pregnancy.
  • The tumor displayed higher LH/hCG receptor mRNA and protein positivity than adjacent normal adrenal tissue as examined by in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry.
  • High physiological levels of hCG, in conjunction with aberrant adrenal LH/hCG receptor overexpression, may have contributed to the development of Cushing's syndrome in pregnancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / metabolism. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone / metabolism. Cushing Syndrome / metabolism. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic. Receptors, LH / metabolism


81. Hamada S, Ito K, Tobe M, Otsuki H, Hama Y, Kato Y, Sugiura Y, Kaji T, Asano T, Hayakawa M: Bilateral adrenal leiomyosarcoma treated with multiple local therapies. Int J Clin Oncol; 2009 Aug;14(4):356-60
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  • [Title] Bilateral adrenal leiomyosarcoma treated with multiple local therapies.
  • A 62-year-old woman presented with right flank pain, and computed tomography (CT) showed bilateral adrenal tumors (right, 8 cm; left, 4 cm).
  • There were no abnormal findings on physical examination, and adrenal hormone levels in serum and urine were within normal limits.
  • Radiological studies showed a right adrenal tumor with intratumoral hemorrhage, a cystic tumor in the left adrenal gland, and no sign of distant metastasis.
  • Because laboratory tests showed normal levels of adrenal hormones, we considered the tumors to be nonfunctioning adrenal tumors.
  • The right adrenal tumor was surgically removed because it was thought to be malignant, and histological examination revealed that it was a leiomyosarcoma.
  • Because the left adrenal tumor grew rapidly despite two courses of the chemotherapy, it too was surgically removed.
  • Sixteen months after the right adrenalectomy, the patient died due to systemic spread of the disease.
  • Multiple local treatments including RFA, radiotherapy, and resection were effective for the local control of metastatic lesions of adrenal leiomyosarcoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / therapy. Adrenalectomy. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Catheter Ablation. Leiomyosarcoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biopsy. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Bone Neoplasms / therapy. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Kidney Neoplasms / secondary. Kidney Neoplasms / therapy. Liver Neoplasms / secondary. Liver Neoplasms / therapy. Male. Middle Aged. Pancreatic Neoplasms / secondary. Pancreatic Neoplasms / therapy. Pleural Neoplasms / secondary. Pleural Neoplasms / therapy. Positron-Emission Tomography. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19705248.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-7772
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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82. Vincent C, Brewster JB, Kedar V, Sundaram CP: Unilateral idiopathic adrenal hematomas with a preoperative diagnosis of indeterminate adrenal tumors. J Endourol; 2008 May;22(5):995-7
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  • [Title] Unilateral idiopathic adrenal hematomas with a preoperative diagnosis of indeterminate adrenal tumors.
  • PURPOSE: To identify the clinical and radiologic features of unilateral adrenal hematomas in adults.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: From our database of 75 patients who underwent adrenalectomies at our institution, we identified 3 patients who underwent adrenalectomy for adrenal tumors.
  • The pathology report confirmed adrenal hematomas with no evidence of neoplasm.
  • CONCLUSION: Unilateral adrenal hematomas sometimes are indistinguishable radiologically from neoplasms.
  • Surgery is then necessary to distinguish a hematoma from a hemorrhagic adrenal tumor.

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  • (PMID = 18393646.001).
  • [ISSN] 0892-7790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of endourology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Endourol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors; A74586SNO7 / clopidogrel; OM90ZUW7M1 / Ticlopidine; R16CO5Y76E / Aspirin
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83. De Padua M, Rajagopal V: Myxoid adrenal adenoma with focal pseudoglandular pattern. Indian J Med Sci; 2008 May;62(5):199-203

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Myxoid adrenal adenoma with focal pseudoglandular pattern.
  • Adrenal cortical tumors with myxoid change are rare tumors.
  • A pseudoglandular pattern has been described in 9 of these tumors.
  • We report a case of a myxoid adenoma of the left adrenal gland in a 67-year-old woman, with a focal pseudoglandular pattern involving about 20% of the studied tumor.
  • Rest of the tumor was composed of anastomosing cords of tumor cells.
  • Immunophenotype was consistent with an adrenal tumor, i.e., positive for vimentin, inhibin, and melan A.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenocortical Adenoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18579979.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-5359
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Med Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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84. Wang FF, Chang YH, Pan CC, Tu DG, Won JG: Unusual visualization of an adrenal carcinoma on NP-59 scintiscan. J Formos Med Assoc; 2006 Apr;105(4):340-5
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  • [Title] Unusual visualization of an adrenal carcinoma on NP-59 scintiscan.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a 9-cm right adrenal mass.
  • NP-59 adrenal scanning displayed unilateral uptake of tracer and no visualization of the contralateral adrenal gland.
  • Subsequent immunohistochemical studies confirmed that the tumor was capable of producing a mixture of steroids, including testosterone, DHEAS and aldosterone.
  • Visualization of an adrenal tumor on NP-59 scintiscan is an unusual finding, which cannot exclude the possibility of malignancy.

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  • (PMID = 16618615.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone; 4964P6T9RB / Aldosterone; 55623-03-5 / Adosterol; 57B09Q7FJR / Dehydroepiandrosterone Sulfate
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85. Rud O, May M, Brookman-Amissah S, Moersler J, Greiner A, Gilfrich C: [Retroperitoneal bronchogenic cyst treated by laparoscopic surgery]. Chirurg; 2010 Mar;81(3):243-6
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  • The diagnosis of primary retroperitoneal cystic tumors is very infrequent in surgical pathology.
  • We report the case of a 51-year-old woman presenting with an incidental left-sided retroperitoneal mass (32 x 24 mm in diameter) suspected of being an adrenal tumor.
  • Intraoperatively the tumor was identified as a cystic lesion filled with mucous secretion and laparoscopically completely resected.
  • The diagnosis was histopathologically confirmed as a bronchogenic cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Diseases / surgery. Bronchogenic Cyst / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Glands / pathology. Adrenalectomy. Female. Humans. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Retroperitoneal Space. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19812904.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-0385
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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86. Lu CY, Yen TH, Hsieh ML, Chen Y: Spontaneous rupture of adrenocortical carcinoma: a coincidence or a tendency? Clin Nephrol; 2009 Aug;72(2):147-50
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  • To our knowledge, this is the sixth reported case in literature that is not related to any preceding traumatic incidents or predisposing disease.
  • Upon reviewing previous cases, tumor size greater than 10 cm in adults is a predisposing factor for spontaneous rupture, while the degree of lymph node invasion or the extent of distant metastasis is not indicative.
  • Further study is warranted to validate our finding, but we suggest that if an adrenal tumor suspicious of malignant presentation is found incidentally, the size of tumor may warrant a more aggressive approach for prevention of tumor rupture and decrease in patient morbidity and mortality.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adrenocortical Carcinoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenalectomy / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Rupture, Spontaneous. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19640373.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-0430
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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87. Urban C, Weinhäusel A, Fritsch P, Sovinz P, Weinhandl G, Lackner H, Moritz A, Haas OA: Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD) and pituitary adenoma in a boy with sporadic Carney complex due to a novel, de novo paternal PRKAR1A mutation (R96X). J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab; 2007 Feb;20(2):247-52
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  • [Title] Primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD) and pituitary adenoma in a boy with sporadic Carney complex due to a novel, de novo paternal PRKAR1A mutation (R96X).
  • We report the sporadic case of a 9 year-old boy with Carney syndrome, who presented with precocious puberty due to the endocrinological effects of primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease (PPNAD) and a synchronous pituitary adenoma.
  • The adrenal tumor was removed surgically.
  • Following unsuccessful treatment with bromocriptine the pituitary adenoma was also resected and a residual tumor irradiated.
  • Thirty months after diagnosis the boy is free of symptoms.
  • However, the hitherto unreported disease-relevant mutation R96X in exon 3 had occurred de novo on the paternal allele.
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / genetics. Germ-Line Mutation. Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia / genetics. Myxoma / genetics. Pigmentation Disorders / genetics. Pituitary Neoplasms / genetics. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / genetics. Adrenal Cortex Diseases / diagnosis. Adrenal Cortex Diseases / genetics. Alleles. Child. Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase RIalpha Subunit. Humans. Male. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics. Syndrome

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  • (PMID = 17396442.001).
  • [ISSN] 0334-018X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric endocrinology & metabolism : JPEM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Endocrinol. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] OMIM/ 160980
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase RIalpha Subunit; 0 / PRKAR1A protein, human; EC 2.7.11.11 / Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
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88. Suzuki M, Koda S, Nakamura Y, Kawamura N, Shimada Y: The relationship between cardiac output measured by the thermodilution method and that measured by the carbon dioxide rebreathing technique during laparoscopic surgery. Anesth Analg; 2005 May;100(5):1381-3, table of contents
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  • The authors simultaneously measured cardiac output by the thermodilution method and by the carbon dioxide rebreathing technique during laparoscopic adrenalectomy in a patient with a nonfunctional adrenal tumor.

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  • (PMID = 15845690.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-2999
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesia and analgesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesth. Analg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 142M471B3J / Carbon Dioxide
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89. Ikuta S, Yasui C, Kawanaka M, Aihara T, Yoshie H, Yanagi H, Mitsunobu M, Sugihara A, Yamanaka N: Watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria syndrome due to an adrenal pheochromocytoma. World J Gastroenterol; 2007 Sep 14;13(34):4649-52
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  • [Title] Watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria syndrome due to an adrenal pheochromocytoma.
  • Watery diarrhea, hypokalemia and achlorhydria (WDHA) syndrome caused by vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) -producing tumor only rarely occurs in patients with nonpancreatic disease.
  • A 49-year-old woman was referred for evaluation of a right adrenal tumor incidentally diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound during the investigation of chronic watery diarrhea.
  • After surgical resection of the tumor, diarrhea subsided and both electrolytes and affected hormone levels normalized.
  • Immunohistochemical examination confirmed a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma, which contained VIP-positive ganglion-like cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Achlorhydria / etiology. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Diarrhea / etiology. Hypokalemia / etiology. Incidental Findings. Pheochromocytoma / diagnosis. Vipoma / diagnosis


90. Karikari IO, Uschold TD, Selznick LA, Carter JH, Cummings TJ, Friedman AH: Primary spinal intramedullary adrenal cortical adenoma associated with spinal dysraphism: case report. Neurosurgery; 2006 Nov;59(5):E1144; discussion E1144
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  • [Title] Primary spinal intramedullary adrenal cortical adenoma associated with spinal dysraphism: case report.
  • OBJECTIVE: The authors report a primary spinal intramedullary adrenal cortical adenoma in a patient with spinal dysraphism presenting with bilateral leg pain and urinary frequency.
  • METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging, L2 laminectomy with resection of mass, and pathological and immunohistochemical analysis of resected mass revealed the diagnosis.
  • RESULTS: Microscopic and immunohistochemical findings confirmed the diagnosis as a primary intramedullary tumor of adrenal cortical origin.
  • CONCLUSION: The occurrence of a primary adrenal tumor in the spinal cord is rare and difficult to explain based on our understanding of embryology.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenocortical Adenoma / diagnosis. Adrenocortical Adenoma / surgery. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / diagnosis. Spinal Cord Neoplasms / surgery. Spinal Dysraphism / complications

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  • (PMID = 17143207.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4040
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurosurgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurosurgery
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Cyriac J, Weizman D, Urbach DR: Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for the management of benign and malignant adrenal tumors. Expert Rev Med Devices; 2006 Nov;3(6):777-86
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for the management of benign and malignant adrenal tumors.
  • Laparoscopic adrenalectomy has become the preferred approach for removal of the adrenal gland.
  • Adrenalectomy is usually required for the removal of adrenal tumors causing excess hormone production or because a malignant adrenal tumor cannot be excluded.
  • Current controversies include the appropriateness of laparoscopic adrenalectomy for large or malignant tumors, the role of partial adrenalectomy and the management of some conditions with uncertain natural history (such as subclinical hypercortisolism).
  • With the increased use of sensitive cross-sectional imaging, the detection of clinically inapparent adrenal masses is likely to continue to increase.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy / methods. Laparoscopy / methods

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  • (PMID = 17280543.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-4440
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of medical devices
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Med Devices
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 63
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92. Thiel EL, Trost BA, Tower RL: A composite pheochromocytoma/ganglioneuroblastoma of the adrenal gland. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2010 Jul 1;54(7):1032-4
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  • [Title] A composite pheochromocytoma/ganglioneuroblastoma of the adrenal gland.
  • At surgery, the mass was noted to arise from the right adrenal gland.
  • The final diagnosis was a cystic composite-pheochromocytoma/ganglioneuroblastoma.
  • This compound adrenal tumor is only the fourth case reported in a child.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Ganglioneuroblastoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Pheochromocytoma / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 20162688.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Gross MD, Djekidel M, Hay RV, Rubello D: Scintigraphic localization of adrenal tumors. Minerva Endocrinol; 2009 Jun;34(2):171-84
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  • [Title] Scintigraphic localization of adrenal tumors.
  • Scintigraphy has historically added much to the evaluation of adrenal dysfunction and tumor localization.
  • The parallel emergence of radiopharmaceuticals for adrenomedullary imaging also provided important functional insight in evaluating these neoplasms, but despite the clinical value of such nuclear probes they too, were relegated to a less prominent role in tumor characterization because of advances in anatomic imaging.
  • However, with the recent introduction of dual-modality imaging platforms that directly combine CT with scintigraphy, either as single photon emission tomography (SPECT)/CT or positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, nuclear medicine studies once again play an integral role in adrenal tumor evaluation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Radiopharmaceuticals. Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Adrenal Gland Diseases / radionuclide imaging. Adrenocortical Carcinoma / radionuclide imaging. Cushing Syndrome / radionuclide imaging. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Incidental Findings. Pheochromocytoma / radionuclide imaging. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19333218.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-1977
  • [Journal-full-title] Minerva endocrinologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Minerva Endocrinol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals
  • [Number-of-references] 93
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94. Pomara G, Cappello F, Barzon L, Morelli G, Rappa F, Benvegna L, Giannarini G, Palù G, Selli C: Cytomegalovirus and BK-Virus co-infection of a clinically non-functioning adrenal adenoma: innocent bystanders or new pathogenetic agents? Eur J Histochem; 2006 Apr-Jun;50(2):131-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytomegalovirus and BK-Virus co-infection of a clinically non-functioning adrenal adenoma: innocent bystanders or new pathogenetic agents?
  • Molecular testing for viral infection demonstrated the presence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA sequences in the adrenal adenoma, but not in the myelolipoma (confirmed by immunohistochemistry).
  • Moreover, the adrenal adenoma was also positive for parvovirus B19, and both adrenal tumor samples were positive for polyomavirus BK (BKV) and adenovirus DNA sequences.
  • The role of these viruses in adrenal tumorigenesis was postulated.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / complications. Adrenocortical Adenoma / pathology. BK Virus / genetics. Cytomegalovirus / genetics. Cytomegalovirus Infections / complications. Polyomavirus Infections / complications

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  • (PMID = 16864124.001).
  • [ISSN] 1121-760X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of histochemistry : EJH
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Histochem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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95. Chang TH, Lee YC, Liu CC, Huang CH, Wu WJ: Adrenal leiomyoma treated by hand-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy: a case report. Kaohsiung J Med Sci; 2006 Nov;22(11):575-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adrenal leiomyoma treated by hand-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy: a case report.
  • A left adrenal incidentaloma was found by abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) in a 53-year-old woman who had a history of non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
  • Abdominal CT showed a well-circumscribed adrenal mass (5.5 x 4.5 x 3.5 cm) with low density (32HU) on precontrast scan and heterogeneous enhancement on postcontrast scan.
  • Laboratory examinations revealed a nonfunctional adrenal tumor.
  • As the malignant potential of the tumor could not be ruled out, the patient underwent hand-assisted laparoscopic adrenalectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy / methods. Laparoscopy / methods. Leiomyoma / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17110347.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-551X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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96. Misseri R: Adrenal surgery in the pediatric population. Curr Urol Rep; 2007 Jan;8(1):89-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adrenal surgery in the pediatric population.
  • Adrenal tumors in children may be benign or malignant.
  • In addition, both benign and malignant tumors may be hormonally active, leading to hypertension, metabolic crises, and endocrinopathies.
  • These tumors may be found incidentally or secondary to signs and symptoms of the aforementioned disorders.
  • Both a metabolic and a radiographic work-up are required before treatment of an adrenal tumor.
  • The primary therapy for most adrenal lesions is surgical, though some are treated medically or require chemotherapy before excision.
  • Laparoscopy has become the surgical approach of choice in both adult and pediatric patients with localized disease.
  • Open surgical approaches remain necessary in patients with extensive locally invasive or metastatic disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Gland Diseases / mortality. Adrenal Gland Diseases / pathology. Adrenal Gland Diseases / surgery. Adrenal Glands / embryology. Adrenal Glands / physiopathology. Age Factors. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laparoscopy / methods. Male. Neuroblastoma / mortality. Neuroblastoma / pathology. Neuroblastoma / surgery. Pheochromocytoma / mortality. Pheochromocytoma / pathology. Pheochromocytoma / surgery. Risk Assessment. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17239322.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-6285
  • [Journal-full-title] Current urology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Urol Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 39
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97. Ueda T, Oka N, Matsumoto A, Miyazaki H, Ohmura H, Kikuchi T, Nakayama M, Kato S, Imaizumi T: Pheochromocytoma presenting as recurrent hypotension and syncope. Intern Med; 2005 Mar;44(3):222-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The right adrenal tumor was excised and he was discharged in good condition.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / complications. Hypotension / etiology. Pheochromocytoma / complications. Syncope / etiology


98. Horiguchi K, Hashimoto K, Hashizume M, Masuo T, Suto M, Okajo J, Handa H, Kaneko Y, Yokoo H, Sasaki A, Okada S, Yamada M, Tsukamoto N, Nojima Y, Nakazato Y, Mori M: Primary bilateral adrenal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma demonstrating adrenal failure. Intern Med; 2010;49(20):2241-6
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  • [Title] Primary bilateral adrenal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma demonstrating adrenal failure.
  • Primary adrenal lymphoma (PAL) is extremely rare although involvement of malignant lymphoma into adrenals is common.
  • We report a case of a 58-year-old man with bilateral PAL who demonstrated adrenal insufficiency.
  • Primary large B-cell lymphoma was proven by a computed tomography-guided needle biopsy of the adrenal tumor.
  • We concluded that PAL should be considered as a possible cause of bilateral adrenal incidentalomas with progressive adrenal insufficiency.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / complications. Adrenal Insufficiency / etiology. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / complications. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy. Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Combined Modality Therapy. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Dexamethasone / administration & dosage. Doxorubicin / administration & dosage. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Incidental Findings. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prednisone / administration & dosage. Rituximab. Vincristine / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 20962443.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol; DHAP protocol
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99. Shoji S, Uchida T, Nakano M, Nagata Y, Usui Y, Terachi T: [Laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst on the right adrenal gland: a case report]. Hinyokika Kiyo; 2010 Jun;56(6):315-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Laparoscopic resection of retroperitoneal epidermoid cyst on the right adrenal gland: a case report].
  • An adrenal tumor was found by abdominal sonography and she was referred to our hospital.
  • Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed right adrenal cystic tumor.
  • We diagnosed the tumor as right adrenal cystic tumor, and performed surgical excision by laparoscopic surgery.
  • Histopathological examination of excised tumors revealed an epidermoid cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Diseases / surgery. Epidermal Cyst / surgery. Laparoscopy

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  • (PMID = 20610923.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-1994
  • [Journal-full-title] Hinyokika kiyo. Acta urologica Japonica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hinyokika Kiyo
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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100. Gazymov MM, Filipov DS: [Adrenal tumors: topical diagnosis and surgical outcomes]. Urologiia; 2005 Sep-Oct;(5):9-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Adrenal tumors: topical diagnosis and surgical outcomes].
  • A total of 128 adrenalectomies were made for catechol-producing tumor (n = 69), mineralocorticism (n = 27), primary and metastatic adrenal cancer (n = 20), other tumors (n = 12).
  • If cancer involves the upper segment of the kidney, the tumor often invades the adrenal.
  • Therefore, pre- and intraoperative search for adrenal tumor must be made.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / surgery. Adrenalectomy. Hypertension / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16281831.001).
  • [ISSN] 1728-2985
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologii︠a︡ (Moscow, Russia : 1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologiia
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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