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1. Samaila MO: Adnexal skin tumors in Zaria, Nigeria. Ann Afr Med; 2008 Mar;7(1):6-10

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adnexal skin tumors in Zaria, Nigeria.
  • BACKGROUND: Adnexal skin tumors share many features in common and differentiate along one line.
  • They may be clinically confused with other cutaneous tumors.
  • The aim of this report is to review and classify all adnexal tumors seen in a pathology department over a 16-year period.
  • METHOD: A 16-year retrospective analysis of all adnexal skin tumors seen in a large University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria from January 1991- December 2006.
  • RESULTS: Fifty-two adnexal tumors were seen, accounting for 0.9% of all cutaneous tumors seen within the same period.
  • Only two cases had a clinical diagnosis of adnexal tumor.
  • Tumours of the sweat gland were the commonest--41 (78.8%); they comprised predominantly eccrine acrospiroma (17), characterized histologically by solid nests of round to polygonal cells with clear to eosinophilic cytoplasm, forming tubules in areas.
  • Tumours of sebaceous gland were 7 (13.5%); they comprised mainly Nevus sebaceous of Jadassohn (6), composed of immature sebaceous glands and pilar structures microscopically and a solitary sebaceous adenoma.
  • Tumours of hair follicle were 4 (7.7%) and included trichoepithelioma, characterized microscopically by multiple horn cysts and epithelial tracts connecting abortive pilar structures and a trichofolliculoma.
  • Forty-six lesions (88.5%) were benign and six (11.5%) malignant.
  • CONCLUSION: Adnexal skin tumors have distinct histological patterns which differentiates them from other cutaneous tumors.
  • Malignant adnexal tumors are uncommon in our setting.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / classification. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / classification
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous / pathology. Adenoma, Sweat Gland / epidemiology. Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Hair Follicle / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / epidemiology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Middle Aged. Nigeria / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology. Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18702242.001).
  • [ISSN] 1596-3519
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of African medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Afr Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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2. Obaidat NA, Alsaad KO, Ghazarian D: Skin adnexal neoplasms--part 2: an approach to tumours of cutaneous sweat glands. J Clin Pathol; 2007 Feb;60(2):145-59

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Skin adnexal neoplasms--part 2: an approach to tumours of cutaneous sweat glands.
  • Tumours of cutaneous sweat glands are uncommon, with a wide histological spectrum, complex classification and many different terms often used to describe the same tumour.
  • In addition to the eccrine and apocrine glands, two other skin sweat glands have recently been described: the apoeccrine and the mammary-like glands of the anogenital area.
  • In this review (the second of two articles on skin adnexal neoplasms), common as well as important benign and malignant lesions of cutaneous sweat glands are described, and a summary for differentiating primary adnexal neoplasms from metastatic carcinoma is outlined, striving to maintain a common and acceptable terminology in this complex subject.
  • Composite/mixed adnexal tumours are also discussed briefly.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / pathology. Humans. Syringoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16882695.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 110
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1860616
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3. Roussel A, Thomassin-Naggara I, Darai E, Marsault C, Bazot M: [Value of diffusion-weighted imaging in the evaluation of adnexal tumors]. J Radiol; 2009 May;90(5 Pt 1):589-96

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Value of diffusion-weighted imaging in the evaluation of adnexal tumors].
  • [Transliterated title] Evaluation de la séquence de diffusion pour l'étude des tumeurs annexielles.
  • PURPOSE: To determine the value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the evaluation of adnexal tumors, especially to distinguish between malignant and benign tumors.
  • Fifty-four patients with pelvic tumors (32 malignant and 22 benign) were referred for MRI of the pelvis.
  • The signal of solid and cystic tumor components was evaluated on T2W and b=1000 DWI, and ADC values were obtained.
  • RESULTS: T2W hypointensity or absence of hyperintense signal on b=1000 DWI sequences was suggestive of a benign tumor.
  • ADC values did not appear to discriminate between malignant and benign tumors.
  • Also, the signal intensity of cystic tumor components on DWI sequences was not helpful to distinguish between malignant and benign tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: The evaluation of solid tumor components on DWI appears to be helpful for adnexal tumor characterization.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Genital Neoplasms, Female / diagnosis. Image Enhancement. Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • [MeSH-minor] Adnexa Uteri / pathology. Adnexa Uteri / surgery. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Sensitivity and Specificity. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19503047.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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4. Yazbek J, Ameye L, Testa AC, Valentin L, Timmerman D, Holland TK, Van Holsbeke C, Jurkovic D: Confidence of expert ultrasound operators in making a diagnosis of adnexal tumor: effect on diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Jan;35(1):89-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Confidence of expert ultrasound operators in making a diagnosis of adnexal tumor: effect on diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree of confidence with which expert ultrasound operators make a diagnosis of benign, borderline and invasive malignant ovarian tumors and its effect on diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement.
  • METHOD: Digitally stored static two-dimensional B-mode images of representative cases of benign, borderline and invasive malignant ovarian tumors were independently assessed by three expert ultrasound operators who had not performed the original real-time ultrasound examination.
  • The experts classified the tumors as benign, borderline or invasive malignant and they also indicated the degree of confidence with which they made the diagnosis (certain, probable and uncertain).
  • The diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement, in differentiating benign, borderline and invasive malignant ovarian tumors, were calculated depending on the level of confidence with which the diagnosis was made.
  • The agreement in both diagnosis and confidence was lowest in cases of borderline ovarian tumors compared to benign and primary invasive lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / ultrasonography. Ovarian Neoplasms / ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 19757401.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-0705
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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5. Krishnamurthy J, Nagappa DK: The cytology of molluscum contagiosum mimicking skin adnexal tumor. J Cytol; 2010 Apr;27(2):74-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The cytology of molluscum contagiosum mimicking skin adnexal tumor.
  • The cytology of molluscum contagiosum in an 11-year-old boy, which presented atypically as a solitary nodule over the right cheek, mimicking a skin adnexal tumor is reported here.

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  • (PMID = 21157556.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5165
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cytology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cytol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3001182
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cytoplasmic inclusions / fine needle aspiration cytology / molluscum contagiosum
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6. Ameye L, Valentin L, Testa AC, Van Holsbeke C, Domali E, Van Huffel S, Vergote I, Bourne T, Timmerman D: A scoring system to differentiate malignant from benign masses in specific ultrasound-based subgroups of adnexal tumors. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol; 2009 Jan;33(1):92-101
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A scoring system to differentiate malignant from benign masses in specific ultrasound-based subgroups of adnexal tumors.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the prediction of malignant adnexal masses can be improved by considering different ultrasound-based subgroups of tumors and constructing a scoring system for each subgroup instead of using a risk estimation model applicable to all tumors.
  • METHODS: We used a multicenter database of 1573 patients with at least one persistent adnexal mass.
  • (3) presence of a solid component but no papillation; and (4) presence of papillation.
  • The sensitivity and specificity, with regard to the prediction of malignancy, of the scoring system were compared with that of the subjective evaluation of ultrasound images by an experienced examiner (pattern recognition) and with that of a published logistic regression (LR) model for the calculation of risk of malignancy in adnexal masses.
  • The gold standard was the pathological classification of the mass as benign or malignant (borderline, primary invasive, or metastatic).
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexa Uteri / ultrasonography. Adnexal Diseases / ultrasonography. Genital Neoplasms, Female / ultrasonography

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2008 ISUOG.
  • (PMID = 19090501.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-0705
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] England
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7. Sarma DP, Stevens T: Infiltrating syringomatous eccrine adenoma of the nipple: a case report. Cases J; 2009;2:9118

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Infiltrating syringomatous eccrine adenoma of the nipple: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Differential diagnosis for a nodule in the nipple or subareolar area of woman includes both primary neoplasms of breast as well as those from skin and adnexae.
  • A biopsy revealed an infiltrating adnexal neoplasm with features similar to those seen in syringomas commonly occurring in locations such as upper face and pubis.
  • The infiltrating syringomatous adenoma of the nipple occurs almost exclusively in women of all ages and is cured by simple excision.
  • Microscopic appearance of such a rare benign infiltrating neoplasm of eccrine duct origin occurring in woman's breast should not be misinterpreted as more common infiltrating primary breast carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Infiltrating eccrine syringomatous adenoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of a nipple or subareolar nodule occurring in woman.

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  • (PMID = 20062695.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2803915
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8. Blasini W, Hu S, Gugic D, Vincek V: Papillary eccrine adenoma in association with cutaneous horn. Am J Clin Dermatol; 2007;8(3):179-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Papillary eccrine adenoma in association with cutaneous horn.
  • Papillary eccrine adenoma (PEA) is an uncommon sweat gland neoplasm that occurs more frequently on the distal extremities of Black women.
  • Concurrent occurrence of PEA and HPV-like epidermal changes may be coincidental; however, their co-occurrence may also be related to the environment induced by this adnexal tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / complications. Keratosis / complications. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 17492846.001).
  • [ISSN] 1175-0561
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Clin Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
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9. Hermes W, Puylaert JB, de Groot CJ: [Acute abdominal pain in the third trimester of pregnancy caused by adnexal torsion based on a small cystic adenoma]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd; 2007 Sep 8;151(36):1994-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Acute abdominal pain in the third trimester of pregnancy caused by adnexal torsion based on a small cystic adenoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Acute buik in het derde trimester van de zwangerschap door torsie van het adnexum op basis van een klein cysteadenoom.
  • Differential diagnosis included urolithiasis, adnexal torsion and appendicitis.
  • During laparotomy, adnexal torsion was found, which was deemed to be the cause of the abdominal pain.
  • The cyst was determined to be a cystic adenoma.
  • Adnexal torsion is rarely caused by cysts smaller than 5 cm, especially in the third trimester.
  • Emergency laparoscopyllaparotomy should be performed if adnexal torsion is suspected to confirm the diagnosis and uncoil the twist to prevent ovarian damage.
  • Adnexal torsion should be considered in the differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain in the third trimester of pregnancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Adenoma / diagnosis. Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Cysts. Female. Humans. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Complications. Pregnancy Outcome. Pregnancy Trimester, Third. Torsion Abnormality / diagnosis. Torsion Abnormality / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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  • (PMID = 17953174.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2162
  • [Journal-full-title] Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd
  • [Language] dut
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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10. Puri PK, Galan A, Glusac EJ, Cowper SE: Metastatic cutaneous carcinoid tumor mimicking an adnexal poroid neoplasm. J Cutan Pathol; 2008 Jan;35(1):54-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Metastatic cutaneous carcinoid tumor mimicking an adnexal poroid neoplasm.
  • Herein, we report an unusual case of metastatic cutaneous carcinoid tumor mimicking an adnexal poroid neoplasm.
  • After acquiring additional clinical information and the complete excision of the neoplasm, further immunohistochemical stains supported the diagnosis a metastatic carcinoid tumor.
  • CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first case of metastatic carcinoid tumor reported that has mimicked a poroid neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / diagnosis. Apocrine Glands / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18095995.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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11. Hamsch C, Hartschuh W: Microcystic adnexal carcinoma - aggressive infiltrative tumor often with innocent clinical appearance. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges; 2010 Apr;8(4):275-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Microcystic adnexal carcinoma - aggressive infiltrative tumor often with innocent clinical appearance.
  • Microcystic adnexal carcinoma is a rare sweat gland malignancy, characterized by slow, but aggressive infiltrative growth.
  • The benign histologic appearance, particularly in the upper level of the tumor, can be confused with syringoma or benign follicular neoplasm.
  • We report two patients with microcystic adnexal carcinoma, using them as a basis to discuss, pathogenesis, diagnosis, histology and therapy of the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Adenoma, Sweat Gland / surgery. Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Facial Neoplasms / surgery. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma. Aged. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19788582.001).
  • [ISSN] 1610-0387
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft = Journal of the German Society of Dermatology : JDDG
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Dtsch Dermatol Ges
  • [Language] eng; ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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12. Oliva VL, Little JV, Carlson GW: Syringomatous adenoma of the nipple--treatment by central mound resection and oncoplastic reconstruction. Breast J; 2008 Jan-Feb;14(1):102-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Syringomatous adenoma of the nipple--treatment by central mound resection and oncoplastic reconstruction.
  • Syringomatous adenoma (SA) of the nipple is a rare tumor first described by Rosen in 1983.
  • It is histologically similar to skin adnexal tumors in other parts of the body.

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  • (PMID = 18186873.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4741
  • [Journal-full-title] The breast journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Mahalingam M, Srivastava A, Hoang MP: Expression of stem-cell markers (cytokeratin 15 and nestin) in primary adnexal neoplasms-clues to etiopathogenesis. Am J Dermatopathol; 2010 Dec;32(8):774-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of stem-cell markers (cytokeratin 15 and nestin) in primary adnexal neoplasms-clues to etiopathogenesis.
  • METHODS: We evaluated expression of follicular stem-cell markers, cytokeratin (CK) 15 and nestin, in 78 benign and 23 malignant adnexal neoplasms.
  • RESULTS: CK15 and nestin expression were noted in 39 of 78 (50%) and 36 of 78 (46%) cases in the benign group, respectively (8 cutaneous mixed tumor, 10 hidradenoma papilliferum, 9 apocrine cystadenoma, 11 cylindroma and/or spiradenoma, and 9 poroma/dermal duct tumor).
  • CK15 and nestin expression were noted in 11 of 23 (48%) and 7 of 23 (30%) cases in the malignant group, respectively (6 microcystic adnexal carcinoma, 7 porocarcinoma, and 9 eccrine carcinoma).
  • Except 1, both markers were negative in 4 syringocystadenoma papilliferum, 10 hidradenoma, 1 syringofibroadenoma, 10 syringoma, 1 eccrine adenoma, 8 poroma/dermal duct tumor, 5 eccrine hidrocystoma, and 1 apocrine carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Given that follicular germinative cells give rise to the folliculosebaceous apocrine unit, expression of CK15 and nestin in the majority of cutaneous mixed tumor, hidradenoma papilliferum, apocrine cystadenoma, and cylindroma/spiradenoma is suggestive of an apocrine origin/differentiation of these neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Apocrine Glands / chemistry. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Eccrine Glands / chemistry. Intermediate Filament Proteins / analysis. Keratin-15 / analysis. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / chemistry. Neoplastic Stem Cells / chemistry. Nerve Tissue Proteins / analysis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 20700038.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Intermediate Filament Proteins; 0 / KRT15 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-15; 0 / NES protein, human; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Nestin
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14. Kazakov DV, Sima R, Vanecek T, Kutzner H, Palmedo G, Kacerovska D, Grossmann P, Michal M: Mutations in exon 3 of the CTNNB1 gene (beta-catenin gene) in cutaneous adnexal tumors. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 May;31(3):248-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mutations in exon 3 of the CTNNB1 gene (beta-catenin gene) in cutaneous adnexal tumors.
  • Previous studies suggested that mutant beta-catenin gene cells in cutaneous adnexal tumors with matrical differentiation contribute to their tumorigenesis.
  • Except for pilomatricoma and pilomatrical carcinoma, only a handful of other cutaneous adnexal tumor types have been studied.
  • DNA was extracted from 86 lesions including 17 proliferating tricholemmal and trichilemmal tumors, 15 trichoblastomas, 7 trichoadenomas, 4 pilomatricomas, 1 pilomatrical carcinoma, 4 basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) with shadow cells, 2 trichofolliculomas, 3 BCCs with sebaceous differentiation, 9 sebaceous adenomas, 6 sebaceomas, 14 sebaceous carcinomas (both ocular and extraocular forms), 2 gigantic horns, and 2 apocrine mixed tumors with shadow cells and subjected to polymerase chain reaction with newly designed primers encompassing glycogen synthase kinase-3beta phosphorylation sites of the CTNNB1 gene.
  • These included 5 different point mutations, 3 of them identified in 2 different tumors: S23N (cribriform trichoblastoma), D32Y (pilomatricoma and craniopharyngioma), G34R (pilomatrical carcinoma and craniopharyngioma), S37F (2 BCCs with shadow cell differentiation), and G34V (craniopharyngioma).
  • This study broadens the list of cutaneous adnexal tumors harboring CTNNB1 mutations and extends the listing of the mutations occurring in these neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Exons. Mutation. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics. beta Catenin / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19384065.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CTNNB1 protein, human; 0 / beta Catenin
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15. Dos Santos L, Garg K, Diaz JP, Soslow RA, Hensley ML, Alektiar KM, Barakat RR, Leitao MM Jr: Incidence of adnexal and lymph node metastases in endometrial stromal sarcoma. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):5589

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidence of adnexal and lymph node metastases in endometrial stromal sarcoma.
  • : 5589 Background: To determine the incidence of adnexal and lymph node (LN) metastases in endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS).
  • High-grade or undifferentiated tumors and ESS arising in extrauterine sites were excluded.
  • Adnexal metastases were identified in 8 (9.5%) of 84 cases.
  • All adnexal metastases were manifested by gross adnexal tumor and occurred in patients with other gross pelvic extrauterine disease.
  • In patients with gross pelvic extrauterine disease, adnexal metastasis did not affect survival.
  • The rate of adnexal metastasis appears to be negligible in the absence of gross adnexal and extrauterine tumor, but there may be a role for oophorectomy in the hormonal management of ESS.

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  • (PMID = 27962388.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Deen S, Duncan TJ, Hammond RH: Malignant female adnexal tumors of probable Wolffian origin. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2007 Oct;26(4):383-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malignant female adnexal tumors of probable Wolffian origin.
  • Female adnexal tumors of probable Wolffian origin are rare.
  • Although the histological features of the benign tumors are recognized, features of malignancy are not well defined in published work because these tumors are particularly rare.
  • Immunohistochemical staining and electron microscopy supported the diagnosis of female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin.
  • There was significant and widespread nuclear pleomorphism with increased mitotic activity endorsing the diagnosis of a malignant tumor.
  • Seven months after initial surgery, follow-up magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass with a maximum diameter of 7 cm in the region of the right adnexa consistent with a recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / pathology. Wolffian Ducts / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17885487.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-1691
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Gottwald L, Korczyński J, Góra E, Bieńkiewicz A: [Adnexal tumors after surgical treatment of colorectal cancer]. Ginekol Pol; 2008 Apr;79(4):259-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Adnexal tumors after surgical treatment of colorectal cancer].
  • OBJECTIVE: The risk of metastatic ovarian tumor is significantly higher in case of women with a history of colorectal cancer.
  • DESIGN: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical presentation and histopathology of adnexal tumors in case of female patients with a history of colorectal adenocarcinoma.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study on 13 women (each with a history of colorectal carcinoma, operated due to adnexal tumor between 2004 and 2007), has been conducted.
  • Subject characteristics, ultrasound, CT, serum tumor markers levels, histopathology and findings at surgery were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Time distance between colorectal cancer surgery and ovarian tumor operation - measured in months -was shorter in cases of malignant neoplasms (10.13 +/- 3.98) than in benign tumors (26.2 +/- 19.37).
  • Ultrasound examination showed solid-cystic adnexal tumors in 8 malignant cases, and ovarian cysts in 5 benign conditions.
  • Unilateral adnexectomy only took place in one case of benign tumor and in one case of disseminated neoplasmatic disease.
  • CONCLUSIONS: When evaluating a patient with an adnexal tumor, a history of malignancy strongly suggests a metastatic nature.
  • The use of ultrasound associated with plasma levels of Ca 125, Ca 19-9 and CEA, represents a useful method of preoperative assessment of ovarian tumors.

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  • (PMID = 18592863.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / CA-19-9 Antigen; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen
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18. Schmidt LA, Olsen SH, McHugh JB: Cutaneous adnexal differentiation and stromal metaplasia in palate pleomorphic adenomas: a potential diagnostic pitfall that may be mistaken for malignancy. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Aug;34(8):1205-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cutaneous adnexal differentiation and stromal metaplasia in palate pleomorphic adenomas: a potential diagnostic pitfall that may be mistaken for malignancy.
  • Cutaneous adnexal differentiation is well-recognized in benign mixed tumors occurring in cutaneous sites.
  • We sought to describe the incidence of cutaneous adnexal differentiation in benign mixed tumors of the palate, lip, and parotid gland.
  • Benign mixed tumors of the palate (n=30), lip (n=13), and parotid gland (n=37) resected between 1980 and 2009 at a single academic medical institution were reviewed.
  • After confirming the diagnosis of benign mixed tumor, we evaluated for morphologic evidence of cutaneous adnexal differentiation and metaplastic epithelial and stromal changes.
  • Cutaneous adnexal differentiation was seen in 20% of palate and 39% of lip benign mixed tumors but in no parotid tumors.
  • The most frequent features of cutaneous adnexal differentiation were tricholemmal differentiation (20% of palate and 39% of lip tumors), infundibulocystic structures (17% and 31%), and trichohyalin granules (13% and 31%).
  • Sebaceous differentiation was seen in only one palate tumor.
  • Varying amounts of stromal adipose were seen in 62, 37, and 22% of lip, palate, and parotid tumors.
  • Osseous metaplasia was seen in one tumor from each site.
  • When cutaneous adnexal differentiation occurs in salivary gland pleomorphic adenomas, it can present a diagnostic pitfall that must not be misinterpreted as carcinoma at biopsy, fine needle aspiration, or frozen section.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Diagnostic Errors / prevention & control. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20661019.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Schaller J, Rytina E, Rütten A, Hendricks C, Ha T, Requena L: Sweat duct proliferation associated with aggregates of elastic tissue and atrophodermia vermiculata: a simulator of microcystic adnexal carcinoma. Report of two cases. J Cutan Pathol; 2010 Sep;37(9):1002-9
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  • [Title] Sweat duct proliferation associated with aggregates of elastic tissue and atrophodermia vermiculata: a simulator of microcystic adnexal carcinoma. Report of two cases.
  • Microcystic adnexal carcinoma (MAC) is a rare, usually solitary, slowly growing, yet aggressive neoplasm with a tendency for local recurrences.
  • However, to our knowledge, the presence of a MAC-like ductal proliferation embedded in sclerotic stroma and extending to the deep dermis has not been previously described.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Facial Dermatoses / pathology. Hair Follicle / pathology. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / diagnosis. Skin / pathology. Sweat Glands / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20175822.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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20. Manikandan R, Khafagy R, Reeve R, Agarwal M, Clarke NW: Male adnexal tumour of probable Wolffian duct origin. Scand J Urol Nephrol; 2005;39(6):520-2

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Male adnexal tumour of probable Wolffian duct origin.
  • Male adnexal tumours of Wolffian duct origin are very rare.
  • We report the case of a 56-year-old male who presented with a swelling in the perineum thought to be a haematoma as the result of a complication of a laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair.
  • Histology revealed the lesion to be an adnexal tumour of probable Wolffian duct origin.
  • To our knowledge there have only been two previous cases of male adnexal tumour of Wolffian duct origin reported in the literature.

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  • (PMID = 16303731.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-5599
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Urol. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
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21. Wimberger P, Kimmig R: [Significance of laparoscopy in gynaecological oncology: limitations for adnexal tumours]. Gynakol Geburtshilfliche Rundsch; 2009;49(3):133-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Significance of laparoscopy in gynaecological oncology: limitations for adnexal tumours].
  • In the last few decades, the impact and use of laparoscopy for benign adnexal tumours have markedly increased.
  • This review evaluates the importance of laparoscopy in surgery of adnexa and especially of malignant tumours.
  • Certainly, morbidity after laparoscopy is lower, but there is a risk of possibly more restricted staging, rupture of the tumour and port metastases.
  • Analysis showed that the standard treatment of ovarian malignant tumours is laparotomy via a vertical incision, because data on laparoscopy are scarce and prospective, randomized trials for early-stage ovarian cancer are still missing.

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  • (PMID = 19525620.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynäkologisch-geburtshilfliche Rundschau
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynakol Geburtshilfliche Rundsch
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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22. Waugh MS, Soler AP, Robboy SJ: Silent corticotroph cell pituitary adenoma in a struma ovarii. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2007 Jan;26(1):26-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Silent corticotroph cell pituitary adenoma in a struma ovarii.
  • This is the first report of a silent corticotroph cell pituitary adenoma arising in a struma ovarii.
  • The patient, a 79-year-old woman, was found to have an asymptomatic left-sided adnexal mass confirmed by vaginal sonography to be a complex cystic and solid tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] ACTH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma / pathology. Corticotrophs / pathology. Struma Ovarii / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17197893.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-1691
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Lee JH, Kyung MS, Jung US, Choi JS: Laparoscopic management of adnexal tumours in post-hysterectomy women. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol; 2008 Feb;48(1):96-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic management of adnexal tumours in post-hysterectomy women.
  • BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy is becoming common for the management of complex benign gynaecological diseases, in which considerable adhesions are expected, thus making the laparoscopic surgery more difficult to perform.
  • AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic surgery for adnexal tumours in post-hysterectomy women.
  • METHODS: In a retrospective study, we reviewed and analysed 40 post-hysterectomy women who were treated surgically for benign ovarian tumours at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, from May 1999 to April 2007.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic surgery for adnexal tumours in post-hysterectomy women might be an effective and safe alternative to laparotomic surgery.

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  • (PMID = 18275579.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-8666
  • [Journal-full-title] The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / CA-19-9 Antigen
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24. Thamboo TP, Tan LH, Tan SY: Expression of Bcl-x in normal skin and benign cutaneous adnexal tumors. J Cutan Pathol; 2006 Jan;33(1):27-32
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of Bcl-x in normal skin and benign cutaneous adnexal tumors.
  • Little is known about the expression of Bcl-x in cutaneous adnexal structures and benign cutaneous adnexal tumors.
  • METHODS: Tissues from 31 cases of benign cutaneous adnexal tumors (five trichofolliculomas, five trichoepitheliomas, two sebaceous adenomas, five apocrine hidradenomas, five eccrine poromas, five eccrine spiradenomas, and four syringomas) were immunostained for Bcl-x.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The degree of Bcl-x expression in cutaneous adnexal glandular structures appears to be related to their mode of secretion, being strongest in cells with apoptotic degradation of the entire cell (sebocytes).
  • This pattern is recapitulated in the corresponding benign cutaneous adnexal tumors.
  • Bcl-x may be useful in identifying cells with sebaceous differentiation in poorly differentiated adnexal tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / metabolism. Skin / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. bcl-X Protein / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Epidermis / metabolism. Epidermis / pathology. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Sebaceous Glands / metabolism. Sebaceous Glands / pathology. Sweat Glands / metabolism. Sweat Glands / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16441408.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / bcl-X Protein
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25. Manonukul J, Omeapinyan P, Vongjirad A: Mucoepidermoid (adenosquamous) carcinoma, trichoblastoma, trichilemmoma, sebaceous adenoma, tumor of follicular infundibulum and syringocystadenoma papilliferum arising within 2 persistent lesions of nevus sebaceous: report of a case. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 Oct;31(7):658-63
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  • [Title] Mucoepidermoid (adenosquamous) carcinoma, trichoblastoma, trichilemmoma, sebaceous adenoma, tumor of follicular infundibulum and syringocystadenoma papilliferum arising within 2 persistent lesions of nevus sebaceous: report of a case.
  • Nevus sebaceous of Jadassohn (SNJ) is a congenital, hamartoma of multiple skin structures and may classically evolve through several stages of maturation.
  • The coexistence of 3 or more tumors arising simultaneously within 1 lesion of SNJ is very rare.
  • We report a case of a 66-year-old woman with a coexistence of trichoblastoma, trichilemmoma, sebaceous adenoma, tumor of follicular infundibulum, syringocystadenoma papilliferum, and mucoepidermoid or adenosquamous carcinoma arising in 2 separate and persistent SNJ exhibiting on her face with subsequent parotid node metastasis.
  • This report illustrates an extraordinary case of adnexal neoplasms displaying diverse lines of differentiation arising within lesions of SNJ.
  • We also reported the second instance of mucoepidermoid arising within the lesion of SNJ and also added sebaceous adenoma to the list of sebaceous tumors arising within this lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / pathology. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Nevus, Sebaceous of Jadassohn / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19652586.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Grey BR, Verma S, Maddineni SB, Lau MW, Clarke NW: Male adnexal tumour of wolffian origin: the first report of metastatic disease. Scand J Urol Nephrol; 2009;43(3):253-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Male adnexal tumour of wolffian origin: the first report of metastatic disease.
  • The first case of a male adnexal tumour of probable wolffian duct origin to develop metastatic disease is reported.
  • The characteristic histological appearance and immunohistochemical profiles of the primary and metastatic male tumours are discussed.

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  • (PMID = 18985546.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-5599
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Urol. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
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27. Gauerke S, Driscoll JJ: Hidradenocarcinomas: a brief review and future directions. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 May;134(5):781-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Hidradenocarcinomas are rare, aggressive skin adnexal tumors of sweat gland origin that demonstrate a high potential for local recurrence, metastasis, and poor outcome.
  • These neoplasms can derive from preexisting clear cell hidradenomas but more commonly appear de novo, with the molecular events responsible for the pathogenesis currently unknown.
  • Historically, diagnosis has been difficult because of the few cases, inconsistent nomenclature, variable morphology of cells that compose the neoplasm, and confusion with other visceral metastatic tumors.
  • Presentation is generally benign with an indolent clinical course that typically includes local and multiple recurrences.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20441512.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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28. Lim MC, Kim TJ, Kang S, Bae DS, Park SY, Seo SS: Embryonic natural orifice transumbilical endoscopic surgery (E-NOTES) for adnexal tumors. Surg Endosc; 2009 Nov;23(11):2445-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Embryonic natural orifice transumbilical endoscopic surgery (E-NOTES) for adnexal tumors.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and surgical outcome of E-NOTES for adnexal tumors.
  • METHODS: We performed E-NOTES in 12 patients with adnexal tumors through a 2-cm intraumblical incision.
  • RESULTS: Since 1 July 2008, 12 patients have undergone E-NOTES for adnexal tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: E-NOTES is a feasible alternative method for resection of adnexal tumors with better cosmetic outcome.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adnexal Diseases / pathology. Adnexal Diseases / surgery. Adult. Feasibility Studies. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Korea. Middle Aged. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / adverse effects. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods. Ovariectomy / adverse effects. Ovariectomy / methods. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Prospective Studies. Risk Assessment. Treatment Outcome. Umbilicus / surgery

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  • [Cites] J Pediatr Surg. 2007 Jun;42(6):1071-4 [17560223.001]
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  • (PMID = 19343442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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29. Cangelosi JJ, Nash JW, Prieto VG, Ivan D: Cutaneous adnexal tumor with an unusual presentation--discussion of a potential diagnostic pitfall. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 May;31(3):278-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cutaneous adnexal tumor with an unusual presentation--discussion of a potential diagnostic pitfall.
  • The clinical presentation of skin adnexal tumors is nonspecific, and histologically; the differential diagnosis between primary cutaneous adnexal malignant carcinomas and metastatic tumors with a visceral origin can be challenging.
  • However, the tumor cells labeled strongly and diffusely not only for pancytokeratin and cytokeratin (CK7) but also with p63 and CK5/6; carcinoembryonic antigen highlighted the ductal structures.
  • Based on the p63 and CK5/6 positivity, the differential diagnosis also included the possibility of a primary adnexal neoplasm and a complete excision was advised.
  • The reexcision specimen revealed residual infiltrating dermal tumor and an overlying intraepithelial component with marked cytologic atypia and focal duct formation, diagnostic of a primary cutaneous adnexal tumor with ductal differentiation (porocarcinoma).
  • This discrimination is of a paramount importance because a diagnostic error can result in profound implications for patient's assumed prognosis and subsequently applied therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnostic Errors / prevention & control. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Dermatopathol. 2010 Dec;32(8):853-4 [20431390.001]
  • (PMID = 19384070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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30. Heatley MK: Is female adnexal tumour of probable wolffian origin a benign lesion? A systematic review of the English literature. Pathology; 2009;41(7):645-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Is female adnexal tumour of probable wolffian origin a benign lesion? A systematic review of the English literature.
  • AIMS: To establish the prognosis associated with female adnexal tumour of probable wolffian origin (FATWO) and determine the frequency with which it behaves as a truly benign lesion.
  • One patient with a ruptured tumour had recurrent disease and one other had died of disease (p = 0.2278).
  • There was no association between outcome and age (p = 0.6651), size (p = 0.1912), length of survival (p = 0.2351) tumour site, mitotic rate or necrosis (p = 0.5937, 0.4697 and 0.2016, respectively).
  • CONCLUSION: On the basis of these findings, FATWO cannot be regarded as a benign lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexa Uteri / pathology. Genital Neoplasms, Female / pathology. Wolffian Ducts / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Databases, Bibliographic. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 20001344.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3931
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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31. Kanitakis J: Adnexal tumours of the skin as markers of cancer-prone syndromes. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2010 Apr;24(4):379-87
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adnexal tumours of the skin as markers of cancer-prone syndromes.
  • Adnexal tumours of the skin are benign, more rarely malignant, primary skin tumours that originate from, or differentiate towards, hair follicles, sebaceous and sweat glands.
  • Although they are usually encountered as single, sporadic tumours, they may occasionally be multiple, hereditary; in that case, they may herald complex genetic syndromes that comprise visceral cancers.
  • Dermatologists should be aware of these adnexal skin tumours, the diagnosis of which may contribute to an early detection of a cancer-prone syndrome with a potentially lethal outcome.
  • The main tumours falling into this category and their associated syndromes are reviewed here.
  • [MeSH-major] Epidermal Cyst / pathology. Muir-Torre Syndrome / pathology. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology. Sebaceous Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19744258.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-3083
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
  • [Number-of-references] 77
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32. Takeda A, Sakai K, Mitsui T, Nakamura H: Management of large cystic adnexal tumor by gasless laparoscopic-assisted surgery with wound retractor. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2007 Sep-Oct;14(5):644-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Management of large cystic adnexal tumor by gasless laparoscopic-assisted surgery with wound retractor.
  • We used a retrospective analysis to evaluate the efficacy of a wound retractor used in gasless laparoscopic-assisted surgery by the subcutaneous abdominal wall-lift method for the management of large cystic adnexal tumors.
  • In the department of gynecology at a general hospital, 39 patients with large cystic adnexal tumors with an excised tissue weight including cystic contents exceeding 1000 g were treated by gasless laparoscopic-assisted surgery with a wound retractor from January 2001 through December 2006.
  • Intervention was with a gasless laparoscopic-assisted adnexal surgery with a wound retractor.
  • Histopathologic diagnosis of the excised tumor was mucinous cystadenoma, 18 cases; serous cystadenoma, 8 cases; mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of low-grade malignancy, 5 cases; dermoid cyst, 4 cases; paraovarian cyst, 2 cases; endometriotic cyst, 1 case; and clear cell adenocarcinoma, 1 case.
  • Bilateral adnexal tumors were noted in 3 cases.
  • We determined that gasless laparoscopic-assisted adnexal surgery with a wound retractor is an effective, minimally invasive procedure to treat large cystic adnexal tumors.

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  • (PMID = 17848329.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Smoleń A, Stachowicz N, Czekierowski A, Kotarski J: [The estimation of the probability of tumor malignacy on the basis of test combination in the primary diagnosis of adnexal tumors]. Ginekol Pol; 2010 Apr;81(4):254-61
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  • [Title] [The estimation of the probability of tumor malignacy on the basis of test combination in the primary diagnosis of adnexal tumors].
  • PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the risk of ovarian tumor malignancy based on logistic regression analysis and to construct a practical tool which might be used at the bedside.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: 379 women with adnexal masses were enrolled to the study The results of the two-dimensional (2D) gray-scale ultrasound examination, color and spectral Doppler blood flow measurement, three-dimensional (3D) sonoangiography examination and serum levels of CA-125 measurement were analyzed.
  • 160 out of 379 women with abnormal findings, (42.2%), were diagnosed with a malignant ovarian tumor and 219 (57.8%) were found to have a non-malignant adnexal mass.
  • Furthermore, the nomograms applicable at the bedside for estimation of the probability of malignancy for the examined adnexal tumor were derived.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study suggest that the combined use of ultrasound parameters and serum level of CA-125 in the prognostic model improves the diagnostic precision in the primary discrimination of benign and malignant ovarian tumors in women.


34. Arias D, Castellano VM, Córdoba S, Miñano R, Martínez D, Borbujo JM: [Atypical presentation of syringocystoadenoma papilliferum]. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2006 Dec;97(10):647-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Siringocistoadenoma papilífero de presentación atípica.
  • Syringocystoadenoma papilliferum is benign adnexal tumor derived from the sweat glands that is located in the head and neck in 70-80% of patients, and commonly presents as a papule or a solitary nodule.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17173827.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7310
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliográficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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35. Siddiqui NH, Wu SJ: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of cystic pleomorphic adenoma with adnexa-like differentiation mimicking mucoepidermoid carcinoma: a case report. Diagn Cytopathol; 2005 Apr;32(4):229-32
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fine-needle aspiration biopsy of cystic pleomorphic adenoma with adnexa-like differentiation mimicking mucoepidermoid carcinoma: a case report.
  • Here, we present a case of a 70-yr-old man with an asymptomatic left deep lobe parotid mass for which CT-guided FNAB was performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / pathology. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15754364.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Takeda A, Imoto S, Mori M, Nakano T, Nakamura H: Isobaric laparoendoscopic single-site assisted extracorporeal cystectomy in treatment of selected adnexal tumors: initial experience and technique. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2010 Nov-Dec;17(6):766-70

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Isobaric laparoendoscopic single-site assisted extracorporeal cystectomy in treatment of selected adnexal tumors: initial experience and technique.
  • Herein, we describe our initial experience with isobaric (gasless) LESS-assisted extracorporeal cystectomy in management of selected adnexal tumors.
  • Of 17 consecutive adnexal tumors, 15 (88.2%) (dermoid cyst, 10; serous cystadenoma, 2; mucinous cystadenoma, 1; and paraovarian cyst, 2) were successfully managed with isobaric LESS-assisted extracorporeal cystectomy.
  • Two dermoid cysts required intracorporeal LESS cystectomy because of poor mobility of the adnexal tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / surgery. Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Laparoscopy / methods

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20955986.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4669
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Auw-Hädrich C, Göbel N, Illerhaus G: [Infectious agents in ocular adnexal tumours]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd; 2010 Jul;227(7):530-7
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  • [Title] [Infectious agents in ocular adnexal tumours].
  • In recent years, infectious agents have been increasingly recognised as an important pathogenetic factor for various malignant tumours of the ocular adnexa.
  • Ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL), especially extranodal marginal cell lymphoma, is associated with Chlamydophila psittaci and Helicobacter pylori in certain geographic regions.
  • Kaposi sarcoma rarely occurs at the ocular adnexa in HIV-positive individuals and seems to be associated with Kaposi sarcoma-associated Herpes virus (KSHV) or HHV8.

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  • [Copyright] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart, New York.
  • (PMID = 20535664.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-3999
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Monbl Augenheilkd
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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38. Cauchi C, Visca P, Donati P, Lopez M: [Skin adnexal tumors]. Clin Ter; 2006 Jul-Aug;157(4):363-76

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Skin adnexal tumors].
  • Adnexal skin tumors are rare neoplasms that develop from hair follicles, sebaceous glands and sweat glands.
  • In the majority of cases these tumors are benign, although metastases have been reported in rare occasion.
  • The diagnosis in always histologic and often it is sufficient to report the lesion simply as benign or malignant.
  • When the tumor is large, the Mohs technique can be used.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17051975.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9074
  • [Journal-full-title] La Clinica terapeutica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Ter
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 104
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39. Nash JW, Barrett TL, Kies M, Ross MI, Sneige N, Diwan AH, Lazar AJ: Metastatic hidradenocarcinoma with demonstration of Her-2/neu gene amplification by fluorescence in situ hybridization: potential treatment implications. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Jan;34(1):49-54
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  • A 'benign' nodule had been excised from this location 8 years prior.
  • Histologically, a nodular dermal proliferation composed of poorly differentiated epithelioid cells in nests and focally forming ducts with pseudopapillary architecture comprised the primary tumor.
  • Features of a clear cell hidradenoma were noted focally.
  • Metastatic tumor involved nine of 28 nodes.
  • Interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) demonstrated chromosomal amplification of the Her-2/neu locus within the tumor and a nodal metastasis.
  • We believe this to be the first demonstration of Her-2/neu amplification in a malignant skin adnexal tumor.
  • In analogy to breast carcinoma, these findings suggest the applicability of trastuzumab for patients with metastatic adnexal carcinomas demonstrating Her-2/neu amplification.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / genetics. Gene Amplification. Genes, erbB-2. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Lymphatic Metastasis / genetics. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology


40. Fujiwara M, Taube J, Sharma M, McCalmont TH, Kim J: PAX8 discriminates ovarian metastases from adnexal tumors and other cutaneous metastases. J Cutan Pathol; 2010 Sep;37(9):938-43
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  • [Title] PAX8 discriminates ovarian metastases from adnexal tumors and other cutaneous metastases.
  • BACKGROUND: The distinction of metastatic ovarian carcinoma from other metastatic carcinomas and primary adnexal lesions in the skin is often difficult.
  • METHODS: PAX8 immunohistochemical analysis was performed on 24 cases of metastatic adenocarcinomas to the skin and compared with 7 cases of primary adnexal lesions and also compared with p63 immunohistochemical staining results.
  • Patients with metastatic adenocarcinomas had clinically documented primary malignancies, and patients with primary adnexal carcinomas had no known history of another adenocarcinoma.
  • PAX8 immunohistochemical staining in primary adnexal and other cutaneous metastases was completely negative (0/7 and 0/16, respectively).
  • The p63 expression profile supported the distinction between adnexal and metastatic adenocarcinomas.
  • PAX8 expression is a useful marker that effectively discriminated metastatic ovarian carcinomas from metastatic breast carcinomas and primary adnexal tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Paired Box Transcription Factors / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 20492080.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / PAX8 protein, human; 0 / Paired Box Transcription Factors
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41. Krahl D, Sellheyer K: p75 Neurotrophin receptor differentiates between morphoeic basal cell carcinoma and desmoplastic trichoepithelioma: insights into the histogenesis of adnexal tumours based on embryology and hair follicle biology. Br J Dermatol; 2010 Jul;163(1):138-45
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  • [Title] p75 Neurotrophin receptor differentiates between morphoeic basal cell carcinoma and desmoplastic trichoepithelioma: insights into the histogenesis of adnexal tumours based on embryology and hair follicle biology.
  • BACKGROUND: Tumour development is frequently described in the basic pathology literature as a recapitulation of embryogenesis.
  • However, a link between the embryology of the skin and the histogenesis of adnexal tumours has been largely overlooked.
  • We therefore speculated that it is involved in the histogenesis of follicular adnexal tumours.
  • In contrast, the lack of p75NTR expression in morphoeic basal cell carcinoma favours a concept of this tumour as a more primitive follicular lesion with the characteristics of a carcinoma and not a hamartoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. Hair Follicle / metabolism. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / metabolism. Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Merkel Cells / metabolism. Middle Aged. Skin / embryology. Skin / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20184585.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2133
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor
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42. Harada O, Ota H, Takagi K, Matsuura H, Hidaka E, Nakayama J: Female adnexal tumor of probable wolffian origin: morphological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study with c-kit gene analysis. Pathol Int; 2006 Feb;56(2):95-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Female adnexal tumor of probable wolffian origin: morphological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural study with c-kit gene analysis.
  • Female adnexal tumors of probable wolffian origin (FATWO) are rare neoplasms believed to originate from mesonephric (wolffian) remnants.
  • Although most cases follow a benign clinical course, approximately 10% of them either recur or metastasize and are thought to be resistant to chemoradiation therapy.
  • In 2004, imatinib therapy, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor known to be effective against gastrointestinal stromal tumors, was reported to be effective also in a case of KIT-positive FATWO.
  • Herein is reported the case of a 50-year-old Japanese woman with FATWO arising in the right paratubal site.
  • The tumor had typical characteristics of FATWO in both morphology and immunohistochemistry.
  • In addition, the cytological features of this rare tumor are presented, which have not been described previously.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexa Uteri. Genital Neoplasms, Female / diagnosis. Mesonephros / pathology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. Adnexal Diseases / metabolism. Adnexal Diseases / pathology. DNA, Neoplasm / analysis. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Exons / genetics. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratins / analysis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Microscopy, Electron. Middle Aged. Mutation. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16445822.001).
  • [ISSN] 1320-5463
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Vimentin; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
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43. Kaushik V, Bhalla RK, Nicholson C, de Carpentier JP: The chondroid syringoma: report of a case arising from the external auditory canal. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2005 Oct;262(10):868-70
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  • [Title] The chondroid syringoma: report of a case arising from the external auditory canal.
  • Chondroid syringoma is an uncommon, benign skin adnexal tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Ear Canal. Ear Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Cites] Am J Clin Oncol. 2000 Jun;23(3):227-32 [10857882.001]
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  • (PMID = 15739085.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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44. Dubb M, Michelow P: Cytologic features of hidradenoma in fine needle aspiration biopsies. Acta Cytol; 2009 Mar-Apr;53(2):179-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To review the cytologic features of hidradenoma to describe criteria that may aid in identification of these tumors at the time of aspiration and allow for a more specific diagnosis than the umbrella term of benign skin adnexal tumor.
  • Fine needle aspiration (FNA) of these lesions showed the presence of benign skin adnexal tumors.
  • CONCLUSION: Knowledge of the cytologic features of hidradenoma will allow for correct management of the patient and prevent misdiagnosis as a malignant tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19365971.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. dos Santos VM, Marques HV Jr, Lima Cdo C, Turra TZ, de Melo Nogueira PR Jr, Lima LN: Yellow nail syndrome and adnexal tumour: causal or casual association? Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci; 2010 Jan-Mar;52(1):51-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ovarian Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Yellow nail syndrome and adnexal tumour: causal or casual association?
  • In Brazil as well as in India, this syndrome has been scarcely described, at least in part due to diagnosis pitfalls related with darker skin pigmentation.
  • A case of adnexal malignancy developing several decades after initial signs of yellow nail syndrome is reported in a 61-year-old Brazilian female admitted for evaluation of peripheral oedema.
  • Physical examination showed yellow thickened nails and lower limb oedema, and a painless huge adnexal mass.
  • Diverse tumours have been described associated with yellow nail syndrome; however, associations can also occur by chance.

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  • (PMID = 20364616.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-9343
  • [Journal-full-title] The Indian journal of chest diseases & allied sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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46. Parma P, Dall'Oglio B, Samuelli A, Bondavalli C, Bellomi A: [Laparoscopic removal of voluminous right seminal vesicle neoplasm]. Urologia; 2010 Oct-Dec;77 Suppl 17:46-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • INTRODUCTION: We present the case of a male adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin occurred to the right seminal vesicle of a 47-year-old man.
  • RESULTS: The right seminal vesicle, along with the tumor and the right vas deferens, were excised and clear margins were ensured by frozen section.
  • The histologic examination demonstrated a male adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin, which is a rare low-grade malignant neoplasm that has been previously described in the broad ligament, ovaries and retroperitoneum of females.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / complications. Adenoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / pathology. Adenoma / surgery. Adnexal Diseases / complications. Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. Adnexal Diseases / pathology. Adnexal Diseases / surgery. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Hemospermia / etiology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Vas Deferens / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21308675.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-5603
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urologia
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Wolffian tumor
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47. Adamicová K, Fetisovová Z, Mellová Y, Výbohová D: [Diagnostic procedures in skin adnexal tumours]. Cesk Patol; 2006 Apr;42(2):59-65

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Diagnostic procedures in skin adnexal tumours].
  • From histogenetic, morphologic and immunohistochemical point of view the authors try to make possible algorithms that can be employed in a routine diagnosis of adnexal skin tumours.
  • They stress the importance of knowledge of clinical data necessary for orientation classification of tumour skin lesions after biopsies.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16715628.001).
  • [ISSN] 1210-7875
  • [Journal-full-title] Československá patologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cesk Patol
  • [Language] slo
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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48. González-Guerra E, Requena L, Kutzner H: [Immunohistochemical study of calretinin in normal hair follicles and tumors with follicular differentiation]. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2008 Jul-Aug;99(6):456-63
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Immunohistochemical study of calretinin in normal hair follicles and tumors with follicular differentiation].
  • [Transliterated title] Estudio inmunohistoquímico de la calretinina en el folículo piloso normal y neoplasias con diferenciación folicular.
  • OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether immunohistochemistry for calretinin allows identification of cutaneous adnexal tumors with follicular differentiation towards cells of the outer root sheath.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed the staining pattern for calretinin by immunohistochemistry in 49 biopsies of cutaneous adnexal tumors with follicular differentiation.
  • Two pilomatricomas and 3 proliferative trichilemmal tumors had positive staining in the cellular layers close to the lumen of the cystic structures.
  • CONCLUSION: Immunohistochemistry for calretinin allows identification of cutaneous adnexal tumors of the hair follicle or a component of the follicle with differentiation towards cells of the outer root sheath.
  • [MeSH-major] Hair Follicle / chemistry. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. S100 Calcium Binding Protein G / analysis. Skin Neoplasms / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Acanthoma / chemistry. Acanthoma / pathology. Calbindin 2. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / chemistry. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / chemistry. Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Epidermal Cyst / metabolism. Epidermal Cyst / pathology. Hamartoma / metabolism. Hamartoma / pathology. Humans. Neoplasms, Basal Cell / chemistry. Neoplasms, Basal Cell / pathology. Skin Diseases / metabolism. Skin Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18558053.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7310
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliográficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CALB2 protein, human; 0 / Calbindin 2; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / S100 Calcium Binding Protein G
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49. Krahl D, Sellheyer K: Basal cell carcinoma and pilomatrixoma mirror human follicular embryogenesis as reflected by their differential expression patterns of SOX9 and β-catenin. Br J Dermatol; 2010 Jun;162(6):1294-301
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: The current classification schemes of adnexal tumours are predominantly based on morphological and immunophenotypical similarities to adult skin structures, whereas a link between the embryology of the skin and the histogenesis of adnexal tumours has been largely neglected.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemical evaluation with monoclonal antibodies against SOX9 and β-catenin was carried out in embryonic and adult human scalp skin, and BCC and pilomatrixoma samples.
  • CONCLUSIONS:   An appropriate immunophenotyping validated within the conceptual framework of cutaneous developmental biology allows a logical classification of adnexal neoplasms.
  • Expanding this approach further has the potential to revise the current classification schemes so that not only BCC and pilomatrixoma but all adnexal tumours can be categorized logically.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Basal Cell / metabolism. Hair Diseases / metabolism. Hair Follicle / metabolism. Pilomatrixoma / metabolism. SOX9 Transcription Factor / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / metabolism. beta Catenin / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Humans. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Skin / embryology. Skin / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 The Authors. Journal Compilation © 2010 British Association of Dermatologists.
  • (PMID = 20105172.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2133
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / SOX9 Transcription Factor; 0 / SOX9 protein, human; 0 / beta Catenin
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50. Vavilis D, Athanatos D, Tsolakidis D, Papanicolaou A, Bontis JN: Mucocele of the appendix mimicking an adnexal mass: a case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2009;36(2):135-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mucocele of the appendix mimicking an adnexal mass: a case report.
  • Mucocele of the appendix is a rare entity usually mimicking an adnexal tumour.
  • We present a case of an appendiceal mucocele mimicking an ovarian tumour by both clinical and imaging (TVS and MRI) methods.
  • This pathological condition should be considered by all the gynaecologists in the differential diagnosis of a right-sided pelvic mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Mucocele / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19688962.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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51. Moonda A, Fatteh S: Metastatic colorectal carcinoma: an unusual presentation. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Jan;36(1):64-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • They most commonly appear on the abdominal wall or perineal area; metastases to other locations of the skin are rare.
  • However, this entity should be considered in the differential diagnosis of adnexal tumors as it may be the initial presentation of the colon carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / secondary. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Lip Neoplasms / secondary. Skin Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18715256.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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52. Zimmer M, Pomorski M, Wiatrowski A, Fuchs T, Myszczyszyn G: Application of endoscopy in pediatric and adolescent gynecology. Neuro Endocrinol Lett; 2008 Feb;29(1):11-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The laparoscopy is becoming a more and more popular method in the treatment of adnexal tumors in children, due to its little invasiveness, quick recovery and less severe pain complaints after the surgery.
  • They should be considered diagnostics and treatment of choice in the pathology of vulva, vagina, developmental anomalies of sex organ and adnexal tumors in patients of the developmental age.

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  • (PMID = 18283270.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-780X
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuro endocrinology letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuro Endocrinol. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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53. Gupta R, Singh S, Gupta K, Kudesia M: Clear-cell hidradenoma in a child: a diagnostic dilemma for the cytopathologist. Diagn Cytopathol; 2009 Jul;37(7):531-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Primary cutaneous tumors are infrequently subjected to fine needle aspiration cytology.
  • As a result, the cytological reports of skin adnexal tumors like hidradenoma are scarce in the available literature.
  • The cytological features, in conjunction with the clinical examination, suggested a skin appendageal tumor.
  • Though nuclear pleomorphism and occasional larger nucleus posed a cytological diagnostic challenge, a diagnosis of benign appendageal tumor was suggested, considering the young age of the patient.
  • The cytopathologist should consider skin appendageal tumors during evaluation of cutaneous nodules.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19459171.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Goh SG, Carr R, Dayrit JF, Calonje E: Mucinous hidradenoma: a report of three cases. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Jun;34(6):497-502

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Mucinous cutaneous adnexal tumors are an uncommon occurrence.
  • Case 2, from the shoulder of a 40-year-old man, was a 2.5-cm well-circumscribed nodule composed of hyperplastic villoglandular proliferation of mucinous cells with focal squamous whorls and focal columnar glandular cells showing decapitation secretion.
  • The tumor was also interpretated as a mucinous hidradenoma, most likely of follicular-apocrine origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17518780.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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55. Krahl D, Sellheyer K: Sox9, more than a marker of the outer root sheath: spatiotemporal expression pattern during human cutaneous embryogenesis. J Cutan Pathol; 2010 Mar;37(3):350-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We examined immunohistochemically samples from embryonic and fetal human skin for the expression of SOX9 using standard techniques.
  • For comparison reasons, we also included scalp skin from adults.
  • In plantar skin, SOX9 specifically labels the evolving eccrine glands but not the interfollicular keratinocytes.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The distinctive expression pattern of SOX9 during human cutaneous embryogenesis indicates a key role in skin homeostasis that includes but goes beyond its role in outer root sheath differentiation.
  • Studying immunohistochemical markers in developing human skin has the potential to further our understanding of adult skin physiology and to deepen our concepts especially of the histogenesis of adnexal tumors (including those of the nail unit) and the relationship of the various adnexal structures to each other.
  • [MeSH-major] Hair Follicle / embryology. Nails / embryology. SOX9 Transcription Factor / metabolism. Skin / embryology

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  • (PMID = 19614725.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / SOX9 Transcription Factor; 0 / SOX9 protein, human
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56. Kunz J, Bannwart F, Gerber M, Dombi VH: [18-year-old woman with an ovarian tumour detected by coincidence]. Praxis (Bern 1994); 2009 Jul 8;98(14):767-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [18-year-old woman with an ovarian tumour detected by coincidence].
  • Massive ovarian edema (MOE) is a rare, benign disease of young women.
  • Because preoperatively in most cases the differential diagnosis primarily appears to indicate the presence of a malignant tumour, there is a risk that these patients will be subjected to unnecessary overtreatment.
  • In the MRI the enlarged ovary was interpreted as a mucous tumour.
  • The laparotomy showed a smooth-walled, opalescent ovarian tumour with adnexal torsion.
  • Histopathological examination of the adnexectomy specimen gave the diagnosis of a massive ovarian edema (MOE).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Amenorrhea / etiology. Diagnostic Errors. Echinococcosis / diagnosis. Echinococcosis / pathology. Echinococcosis / surgery. Endosonography. Fallopian Tube Diseases / diagnosis. Fallopian Tube Diseases / pathology. Fallopian Tube Diseases / surgery. Female. Humans. Laparoscopy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Oligomenorrhea / etiology. Ovariectomy. Ovary / pathology. Torsion Abnormality / diagnosis. Torsion Abnormality / pathology. Torsion Abnormality / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19585444.001).
  • [ISSN] 1661-8157
  • [Journal-full-title] Praxis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Praxis (Bern 1994)
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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57. Murphy M, Brierley T, Pennoyer J, Rozenski D, Grant-Kels JM: Lymphotropic adamantinoid trichoblastoma. Pediatr Dermatol; 2007 Mar-Apr;24(2):157-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This is a rarely reported skin adnexal tumor in adolescent patients.
  • The clinical, histologic, and immunohistochemical features of this tumor are described.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Basal Cell / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17461815.001).
  • [ISSN] 0736-8046
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. González-Vela MC, Val-Bernal JF, Garcia-Alberdi E, González-López MA, Fernández-Llaca JH: Trichoadenoma associated with an intradermal melanocytic nevus: a combined malformation. Am J Dermatopathol; 2007 Feb;29(1):92-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Melanocytic nevi have been associated with epidermal hyperplasia, adnexal hyperplasia with follicular and sebaceous differentiation, cysts, and tumors of epidermal or adnexal origin.
  • Clinical diagnosis was a malignant transformation of a melanocytic nevus.
  • Although to our knowledge this association has not been previously reported, it is worth considering that trichoadenoma and desmoplastic trichoepithelioma are the two ends of a spectrum of lesions.
  • This combined hamartoma reported herein is important because growth of these lesions could be clinically misinterpreted as malignant transformation of a preexisting lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Hamartoma / pathology. Nevus, Pigmented / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17284971.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Lee CY, Tseng CC, Wang CB, Lin YH, Chen CH, Wun TH, Sun YL, Tseng CJ: A new quantitative method to evaluate adnexal tumors. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Mar;49(1):45-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A new quantitative method to evaluate adnexal tumors.
  • We chose quantitative tumor density and standard deviation on sonographic images as the new diagnostic parameters.
  • Analysis of variance and Scheffé post hoc test were analyzed to compare the mean tumor density of the endometriomas and follicular cysts.
  • The receiver operating characteristic curve was plotted to choose the cutoff value of the endometrioma tumor density with the best sensitivity and specificity.
  • RESULTS: There was a significant difference when the tumor density of the follicular cyst and endometrioma groups was compared using the vaginal, abdominal or endovaginal approach (p < 0.001).
  • With endovaginal ultrasonography examination, the best cutoff value of tumor density is 28 and the sensitivity and specificity are 64% and 100%, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: The use of quantitative tumor density and standard deviation on sonographic images is a potential new diagnostic tool in the assessment of endometriomas and follicular cysts.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Follicular Cyst / diagnosis. Ultrasonography / methods

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  • (PMID = 20466292.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-6263
  • [Journal-full-title] Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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60. Torres A, Torres K, Paszkowski T, Staśkiewicz G, Maciejewski R, Woźniakowska E, Zaleska W: [Concentration of TNF-alpha in the postoperative period in patients with benign adnexal tumors treated by laparoscopy or laparotomy]. Ginekol Pol; 2007 Oct;78(10):764-7
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  • [Title] [Concentration of TNF-alpha in the postoperative period in patients with benign adnexal tumors treated by laparoscopy or laparotomy].
  • OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare serum concentrations of the TNF-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the early postoperative period in patients with benign adnexal masses operated by laparoscopy or laparotomy.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in a group of patients aged from 20 to 52, operated due to adnexal masses.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Lower concentrations of TNF-alpha in the laparoscopy group, observed 24 hours after the operation, may reflect more favorable changes in the systemic inflammatory response after minimally invasive management of benign ovarian masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Laparoscopy. Laparotomy. Ovarian Diseases / blood. Ovarian Diseases / surgery. Postoperative Period. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adnexal Diseases / blood. Adnexal Diseases / surgery. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / blood. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18200965.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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61. Timmerman D, Van Calster B, Jurkovic D, Valentin L, Testa AC, Bernard JP, Van Holsbeke C, Van Huffel S, Vergote I, Bourne T: Inclusion of CA-125 does not improve mathematical models developed to distinguish between benign and malignant adnexal tumors. J Clin Oncol; 2007 Sep 20;25(27):4194-200
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Inclusion of CA-125 does not improve mathematical models developed to distinguish between benign and malignant adnexal tumors.
  • PURPOSE: To test the value of serum CA-125 measurements alone or as part of a multimodal strategy to distinguish between malignant and benign ovarian tumors before surgery based on a large prospective multicenter study (International Ovarian Tumor Analysis).
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with at least one persistent ovarian mass preoperatively underwent transvaginal ultrasonography using gray scale imaging to assess tumor morphology and color Doppler imaging to obtain indices of blood flow.
  • RESULTS: Data from 809 patients recruited from nine centers were included in the analysis; 567 patients (70%) had benign tumors and 242 (30%) had malignant tumors-of these 152 were primary invasive (62.8%), 52 were borderline malignant (21.5%), and 38 were metastatic (15.7%).
  • Results were very similar when the models were prospectively tested on a group of 345 new patients with adnexal masses of whom 126 had malignant tumors (37%).
  • CONCLUSION: Adding information on CA-125 to clinical information and ultrasound information does not improve discrimination of mathematical models between benign and malignant adnexal masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / blood. Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. Antigens, Neoplasm / blood. CA-125 Antigen / biosynthesis. Ovarian Neoplasms / blood. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2008 Jan 20;26(3):512; author reply 513 [18202431.001]
  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2007 Sep 20;25(27):4159-61 [17698803.001]
  • (PMID = 17698805.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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62. Liang H, Wu H, Giorgadze TA, Sariya D, Bellucci KS, Veerappan R, Liegl B, Acs G, Elenitsas R, Shukla S, Youngberg GA, Coogan PS, Pasha T, Zhang PJ, Xu X: Podoplanin is a highly sensitive and specific marker to distinguish primary skin adnexal carcinomas from adenocarcinomas metastatic to skin. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Feb;31(2):304-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Podoplanin is a highly sensitive and specific marker to distinguish primary skin adnexal carcinomas from adenocarcinomas metastatic to skin.
  • Distinction of primary skin adnexal carcinomas from cutaneous metastasis of adenocarcinomas is challenging.
  • In this study, we evaluated podoplanin immunoreactivity in a series of primary skin adnexal tumors and adenocarcinomas metastatic to skin using a D2-40 antibody.
  • The initial test series were composed of a total of 93 cases including 32 primary skin adnexal carcinomas, 46 benign primary adnexal tumors, and 15 cutaneous metastatic adenocarcinomas.
  • We found that variable D2-40 reactivity was seen in all of the primary cutaneous carcinomas including sebaceous carcinomas (10/10), squamous cell carcinomas (10/10), porocarcinomas (4/4), trichilemmal carcinomas (4/4), skin adnexal carcinomas not otherwise specified (4/4), and in the majority of benign skin adnexal tumors.
  • To confirm the initial findings and to further explore the utility of podoplanin reactivity in the distinction of these tumors, we also examined a test set of 35 unknown cases, including 21 adenocarcinomas metastatic to skin and 14 primary adnexal tumors, in a blinded fashion.
  • Of the 13 D2-40 positive cases, 12 were proven to be primary adnexal tumors.
  • Our results suggest that podoplanin can be a useful tool to distinguish primary skin adnexal carcinomas form adenocarcinomas metastatic to skin with high sensitivity (94.5%) and specificity (97.2%).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 17255777.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / PDPN protein, human
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63. Gorva AD, Mohil R, Srinivasan MS: Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma presenting as a paronychia of the finger. J Hand Surg Br; 2005 Oct;30(5):534

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Aggressive digital papillary adenocarcinoma is a rare skin adnexal tumour, which has a predilection for the digits.
  • We report a case of this tumour presenting as a simple nail bed infection.

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  • (PMID = 16055244.001).
  • [ISSN] 0266-7681
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hand surgery (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hand Surg Br
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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64. Peitsidis P, Akrivos T, Vecchini G, Rodolakis A, Akrivos N, Markaki S: Splenosis of the peritoneal cavity resembling an adnexal tumor: case report. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2007;34(2):120-2

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Splenosis of the peritoneal cavity resembling an adnexal tumor: case report.
  • CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 32-year-old woman with symptomatic peritoneal cavity splenosis occurring ten years after traumatic splenectomy.
  • The patient was admitted to our department with the clinical presentation of an adnexal tumor.
  • US and CT confirmed an adnexal mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Splenosis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17629171.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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65. Volmar KE, Cummings TJ, Wang WH, Creager AJ, Tyler DS, Xie HB: Clear cell hidradenoma: a mimic of metastatic clear cell tumors. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 May;129(5):e113-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clear cell hidradenoma: a mimic of metastatic clear cell tumors.
  • Clear cell hidradenoma is a benign skin appendage tumor that may mimic conventional-type renal cell carcinoma.
  • Furthermore, immunohistochemical studies can aid in distinguishing the 2 tumors.
  • Knowing the cytologic features of primary skin adnexal neoplasms helps distinguish them from cutaneous metastases, which are more commonly referred for fine-needle aspiration biopsy evaluation.
  • Detailed clinical history, physical findings, and ancillary studies are essential for correct diagnosis and categorization of these tumors.
  • We report the rare case of a patient with renal cell carcinoma who underwent excision of an axillary clear cell hidradenoma, which was clinically suggestive of cutaneous metastatic disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Renal Cell / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Axilla. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymph Nodes / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Mitotic Index. Neoplasm Metastasis / diagnosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15859654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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66. Takeda A, Imoto S, Mori M, Nakano T, Nakamura H: Wound retraction system for isobaric laparoendoscopic single-site surgery to treat adnexal tumors: pilot study. J Minim Invasive Gynecol; 2010 Sep-Oct;17(5):626-30

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Wound retraction system for isobaric laparoendoscopic single-site surgery to treat adnexal tumors: pilot study.
  • Fourteen isobaric LESS adnexal surgeries including 1 emergency procedure with adnexal torsion were performed using multiple instruments inserted through the wound retractor.
  • A wound retractor offers safe and reliable access for isobaric LESS adnexal surgery as an alternative to the current specialized port systems.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20579942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1553-4650
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of minimally invasive gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Minim Invasive Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Schadt CR, Boyd AS: Eccrine syringofibroadenoma with co-existent squamous cell carcinoma. J Cutan Pathol; 2007 Dec;34 Suppl 1:71-4
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  • Eccrine syringofibroadenoma (ESFA) is a rare, benign adnexal tumor arising most often on the extremities of elderly individuals.
  • Histologically, the tumor consists of anastomosing cords of cuboidal epithelial cells surrounded by a fibrovascular stroma containing plasma cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Eccrine Glands / pathology. Fibroadenoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17997744.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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68. Mataix J, Bañuls J, Botella R, Laredo C, Lucas A: [Brooke-Spiegler syndrome: an heterogeneous entity]. Actas Dermosifiliogr; 2006 Dec;97(10):669-72
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  • [Transliterated title] Síndrome de Brooke-Spiegler: una entidad heterogénea.
  • The Brooke-Spiegler syndrome is a rare, autosomally dominant disease with a predisposition to develop different adnexal tumors.
  • In this article we present the case of a woman and her daughter, both affected by this rare genodermatosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / genetics. Neoplasms, Basal Cell / genetics. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / genetics. Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17173833.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-7310
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas dermo-sifiliográficas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Dermosifiliogr
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CYLD protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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69. Sicilia V, Earle J, Mezitis SG: Multiple ovarian cysts and oligomenorrhea as the initial manifestations of a gonadotropin-secreting pituitary macroadenoma. Endocr Pract; 2006 Jul-Aug;12(4):417-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multiple ovarian cysts and oligomenorrhea as the initial manifestations of a gonadotropin-secreting pituitary macroadenoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a case of a follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-secreting pituitary adenoma, which manifested with oligomenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, and multiple bilateral ovarian cysts.
  • METHODS: We present a case report of a 29-year-old woman, including detailed laboratory, radiologic, and pathologic findings, who was diagnosed as having an FSH-secreting pituitary tumor.
  • Ultrasonography revealed multicystic ovaries >15 cm in maximal diameter, causing bilateral adnexal torsion.
  • Transsphenoidal removal of the mass was performed, and pathology studies were positive for FSH-secreting adenoma.
  • Repeated MRI at 3 months showed an 0.8-cm residual tumor.
  • Almost 3 years after treatment, the patient remained asymptomatic, results of pituitary function tests were normal, and follow-up MRI showed no signs of tumor regrowth.
  • Furthermore, we propose that it may be acceptable to withhold adjuvant radiotherapy in patients who are asymptomatic after transsphenoidal surgical excision of these tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / complications. Adult. Female. Follicle Stimulating Hormone / secretion. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Luteinizing Hormone / secretion

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  • (PMID = 16901798.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine practice : official journal of the American College of Endocrinology and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Gonadotropins; 9002-67-9 / Luteinizing Hormone; 9002-68-0 / Follicle Stimulating Hormone
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70. Lennerz JK, Perry A, Dehner LP, Pfeifer JD, Lind AC: CRTC1 rearrangements in the absence of t(11;19) in primary cutaneous mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Br J Dermatol; 2009 Oct;161(4):925-9
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  • BACKGROUND: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the skin is an uncommon neoplasm with a remarkable resemblance to MEC of the salivary glands.
  • Two MECs metastatic to the skin, histologically identical to primary cutaneous MEC, were included, one of which harboured the CRTC1-MAML2 fusion gene by RT-PCR, verified by interphase FISH and sequencing.
  • CONCLUSIONS: MEC of the skin harbours CRTC1 rearrangements, a molecular finding that reflects morphological similarities between glandular and cutaneous MEC.
  • The absence of oncogenic t(11;19) or MAML2 aberrations in our series, which is the largest reported, may explain the innocuous clinical behaviour of this uncommon adnexal tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / genetics. Gene Rearrangement / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics. Transcription Factors / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19438452.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2133
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CRTC1 protein, human; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / MAML2 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Transcription Factors
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71. Krishnamurthy J, Saba F, Sunila: Primary mucinous carcinoma of the skin: a rare tumor in the gluteal region. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2009 Apr-Jun;52(2):225-7
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  • [Title] Primary mucinous carcinoma of the skin: a rare tumor in the gluteal region.
  • Primary mucinous carcinoma (PMC) of the skin is a rare adnexal tumor of sweat gland origin.
  • A case report is presented of a 50-year-old female who presented with a gluteal mass, which was diagnosed as an injection abscess.
  • An edge biopsy of the lesion revealed mucinous carcinoma of the skin.
  • Investigations excluded the possibility of a metastatic mucinous carcinoma.
  • Thus, the lesion in the gluteal region was diagnosed as PMC of the skin, a rare site of occurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Buttocks / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Skin / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19332921.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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72. Jariwala A, Evans A, McLeod G: Not all stubbed toes are innocuous--A case report of rare malignant eccrine spiradenoma (spiradenocarcinoma) of the toe. Foot Ankle Surg; 2010 Jun;16(2):e32-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Malignant eccrine spiradenoma (MES) is a rare adnexal tumour derived from cutaneous sweat glands.
  • We wish to emphasise through this case report the importance of keeping this rare but potentially lethal tumour in mind when managing chronic non-healing ulcers in extremities.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 European Foot and Ankle Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20483125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-9584
  • [Journal-full-title] Foot and ankle surgery : official journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Foot Ankle Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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73. Karaca M, Sevinc A, Aydin A, Gocmen A, Buyukberber S, Camci C, Sari I: Female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin diagnosed during the staging evaluation of extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Jun;46(6):929-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin diagnosed during the staging evaluation of extranodal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • Female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin (FATPWO) is a rare neoplasm arising within the leaves of broad ligament or hanging from it or a fallopian tube.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / diagnosis. Wolffian Ducts / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16019541.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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74. Knoedler D, Susnik B, Gonyo MB, Osipov V: Giant apocrine hidradenoma of the breast. Breast J; 2007 Jan-Feb;13(1):91-3
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  • We report a case of a 26-year-old woman with an 8.0-cm tumor of the left breast.
  • The tumor was clinically and radiologically suspicious for malignancy.
  • The pathologic evaluation of the core biopsy and the subsequent excision specimen revealed a benign sclerosing, cystic, and papillary adnexal tumor with apocrine and clear cell morphology.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / diagnosis. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17214802.001).
  • [ISSN] 1075-122X
  • [Journal-full-title] The breast journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Kupesic S, Plavsic BM: Early ovarian cancer: 3-D power Doppler. Abdom Imaging; 2006 Sep-Oct;31(5):613-9
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  • Color Doppler imaging and pulsed Doppler spectral analysis enable evaluation of ovarian tumor blood flow, analysis of the distribution of blood vessels, and quantitative measurement of blood flow velocity waveforms.
  • These parameters increase the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound evaluation of ovarian tumors.
  • Three-dimensional (3-D) power Doppler ultrasound provides a new tool to evaluate features of tumor vascularity.
  • Contrast-enhanced 3-D power Doppler sonography facilitates visualization of adnexal tumor vessels, which may aid in differentiating benign from malignant adnexal lesions.

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  • (PMID = 16447081.001).
  • [ISSN] 0942-8925
  • [Journal-full-title] Abdominal imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Abdom Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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76. Bazot M, Nassar-Slaba J, Thomassin-Naggara I, Cortez A, Uzan S, Daraï E: MR imaging compared with intraoperative frozen-section examination for the diagnosis of adnexal tumors; correlation with final histology. Eur Radiol; 2006 Dec;16(12):2687-99
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  • [Title] MR imaging compared with intraoperative frozen-section examination for the diagnosis of adnexal tumors; correlation with final histology.
  • The aim was to compare the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intraoperative consultation (IC) for the diagnosis of adnexal masses, with reference to final histology.
  • MRI was performed in 136 women with sonographically indeterminate adnexal masses.
  • All masses were characterized as benign or malignant according to previously published MR imaging and histopathologic criteria.
  • Histology revealed 168 adnexal masses (99 benign, 23 borderline and 46 invasive).
  • Among the 151 adnexal masses studied by both MRI and IC, respective sensitivities, specificities, positive and predictive values of both methods for the diagnosis of malignancy were 89.7% and 84.5%, 91.4% and 100%, 86.7% and 100%, and 93.4% and 91.3%.
  • Sensitivities of MR imaging and frozen section for the diagnosis of serous versus mucinous borderline tumors were 33.3% and 93.3%, and 62.5% and 12.5%, respectively.
  • MRI is less accurate than IC for characterizing adnexal masses.
  • However, MRI may increase the relevance of IC for borderline mucinous tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexa Uteri / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16547708.001).
  • [ISSN] 0938-7994
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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77. Chetty R, Perez-Ordonez B, Gilbert R, Pagedar NA, Waldron J, Ghazarian D: Spiradenocarcinoma arising from a spiradenocylindroma: unusual case with lymphoepithelioma-like areas. J Cutan Med Surg; 2009 Jul-Aug;13(4):215-20
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  • BACKGROUND: Hybrid skin adnexal tumors are common, and spiradenocylindroma is well described.
  • OBJECTIVE: However, malignant transformation in this setting is infrequent, especially resemblance to lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of skin, which is not associated with Epstein-Barr virus.
  • METHODS: A 65-year-old female presented with ataxia and a skin nodule composed of a hybrid adnexal tumor (spiradenoma and cylindroma) that transitioned into an undifferentiated carcinoma with attendant lymphocytes and plasma cells.
  • The tumor was Epstein-Barr encoded RNAs (EBER) negative by in situ hybridization.
  • No evidence of neuroendocrine differentiation was seen in the tumor, despite the patient having symptoms of paraneoplastic ataxia that improved after surgery.
  • CONCLUSION: This case highlights the transition of a benign hybrid tumor (spiradenocylindroma) into a spiradenocarcinoma that resembled lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of skin.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Skin Appendage / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19706230.001).
  • [ISSN] 1203-4754
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous medicine and surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cutan Med Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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78. George E, Swanson PE, Newman BK, Wick MR: Oculocutaneous oncocytic tumors: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 2 cases with literature review. Am J Dermatopathol; 2007 Jun;29(3):279-85
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  • [Title] Oculocutaneous oncocytic tumors: clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 2 cases with literature review.
  • Oculocutaneous oncocytic tumors (OCOTs) are uncommon neoplasms that have been reported only rarely in the dermatopathology literature and whose immunophenotypic profile has not been well characterized.
  • Histologically, the tumors were well-circumscribed nodules comprised of large oxyphilic cells arranged in confluent sheets and forming glandular spaces with secretory material.
  • Both neoplasms were also labeled for markers associated with cutaneous adnexal, lacrimal, and minor salivary glandular tissue, including alpha-1-antitrypsin, gross cystic disease fluid protein-15, carcinoembryonic antigen, lysozyme and MUC1; each case expressed 4 of the 5 substances.
  • A review of the literature disclosed that none of these lesions arising in the caruncle behaved aggressively, in contrast to occasional tumors in other oculocutaneous sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Oxyphilic / pathology. Eyelid Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry

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  • (PMID = 17519627.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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79. Lee JH, Park SB, Shin SH, Jang JC, Lee WC, Jeong AK, Yang MJ: Value of intra-adnexal and extra-adnexal computed tomographic imaging features diagnosing torsion of adnexal tumor. J Comput Assist Tomogr; 2009 Nov-Dec;33(6):872-6
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  • [Title] Value of intra-adnexal and extra-adnexal computed tomographic imaging features diagnosing torsion of adnexal tumor.
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the intra-adnexal and extra-adnexal computed tomographic (CT) features in identifying adnexal torsion.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed CT examinations of 38 adnexal masses with torsion and 270 without torsion, which has been surgicopathologically confirmed.
  • The first group included the intra-adnexal features dealing with the ovary and uterine tube, whereas the other included the extra-adnexal features dealing with changes of adjacent anatomical structures such as the uterus, gonadal vein, and peritumoral zone.
  • We acquired statistical proportions for the frequencies of these 2 groups of CT features in ovarian tumors with adnexal torsion versus those without adnexal torsion.
  • RESULTS: When there were intra-adnexal CT features of adnexal torsion, peculiar uterine tube thickening was identified in 74% of the lesions, eccentric or concentric wall thickening in 54% (of only cystic lesions), eccentric septal thickening in 50% (of only cystic lesions except mature cystic teratoma), and eccentric or diffuse decreased or poor contrast enhancement of the internal solid component or thickened wall in 50%.
  • In extra-adnexal CT features of adnexal torsion, uterine deviation to the twisted side was identified in 61% of the lesions, peritumoral infiltration in 40%, nonvisualized anatomic continuity of the ipsilateral gonadal vein with the twisted adnexal mass in 71%, and ascites in 13%.
  • There were significant differences in all of the intra-adnexal and extra-adnexal CT findings, except for ascites, between twisted and nontwisted adnexal tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The intra-adnexal and extra-adnexal groups of CT features are valuable in identifying torsion of adnexal mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexa Uteri / radiography. Ovarian Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, Spiral Computed / methods. Torsion Abnormality / radiography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adnexal Diseases / etiology. Adnexal Diseases / pathology. Adnexal Diseases / radiography. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Chi-Square Distribution. Child. Contrast Media. Female. Humans. Iohexol / analogs & derivatives. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 19940653.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-3145
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of computer assisted tomography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Comput Assist Tomogr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 4419T9MX03 / Iohexol; 712BAC33MZ / iopromide
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80. de Silva DJ, Tay E, Rose GE: Schwannomas of the lacrimal gland fossa. Orbit; 2009;28(6):433-5
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  • PURPOSE: Schwannomas are rare benign nerve sheath tumours that account for 1% of orbital tumours and, although sometimes associated with neurofibromatosis, most occur as isolated lesions and arise from branches of the ciliary or trigeminal nerves.
  • METHODS: Two rare cases of Schwannoma arising within the lacrimal gland fossa are presented, these tumours being managed with intact surgical excision.
  • On a presumptive preoperative diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma, the patient underwent a bone-swinging lateral orbitotomy with intact excision of a moderately-firm, lobulated lesion which proved to be a Schwannoma.
  • Although lacrimal gland remnants were present at the edge of both specimens, at surgery it was evident that the tumours completely occupied the lacrimal gland fossa and any normal orbital lobe of the lacrimal gland had undergone atrophy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Two very rare cases of Schwannoma arising within the lacrimal gland fossa are presented, the tumours causing complete atrophy of the normal orbital lobe of the lacrimal gland.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Female. Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein / analysis. Humans. S100 Proteins / analysis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19929679.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-5108
  • [Journal-full-title] Orbit (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orbit
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein; 0 / S100 Proteins
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81. Dubb M, Michelow P: Cytologic features of chondroid syringoma in fine needle aspiration biopsies: a report of 3 cases. Acta Cytol; 2010 Mar-Apr;54(2):183-6
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  • However, most clinicians prefer to diagnose suspected skin tumors by excisional biopsy as they are easily accessible, with the result that benign skin adnexal tumors are rarely encountered on FNA, often leading to misdiagnosis and mismanagement of patients.
  • Case 2 was an 18-year-old female who presented with a 0.5-cm mass involving the skin of the upper lip.
  • All the masses involved the skin/subcutaneous tissue on clinical examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Scalp. Skin / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20391975.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Abdulla AN, Covert AA, Grantmyre JE: Scrotal syringocystadenoma papilliferum: case report. Can J Urol; 2009 Jun;16(3):4684-6
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  • Syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCAP) is a benign rare adnexal skin neoplasm, which in a third of cases arises from a nevus sebaceous and is most commonly found on the head and neck and in very rare instances found on the genitalia.
  • Following excision and histological confirmation of a noninfiltrative process, the patient remains asymptomatic.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Scrotum / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology. Syringoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19497181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1195-9479
  • [Journal-full-title] The Canadian journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can J Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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83. Gangane N, Joshi D, Sharma SM: Cytomorphological diagnosis of malignant eccrine tumors: report of two cases. Diagn Cytopathol; 2008 Nov;36(11):801-4

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  • [Title] Cytomorphological diagnosis of malignant eccrine tumors: report of two cases.
  • Though FNAC has been successfully used in diagnosing various neoplastic and nonneoplastic cutaneous lesions, there is a paucity of case reports describing the cytomorphological features of adnexal tumors.
  • We hereby describe the cytological features of two histologically confirmed cases of malignant eccrine tumors.
  • A cytological diagnosis of low grade papillary adenocarcinoma arising from skin adnexal structures was given in case number 1.
  • Careful cytological examination displayed the characteristic of two cell population seen in eccrine tumors in both the cases.
  • Diagnosis of malignant eccrine tumors cannot be made with certainity on cytology alone, hence the need to document the cytological features of these entities is emphasized.

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  • (PMID = 18831018.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Yi WS, Xu XL, Xiang Q, Jiang HB: [Characteristics of ocular adnexal non-Hodgkin lymphoma]. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2008 Sep;33(9):826-30
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  • [Title] [Characteristics of ocular adnexal non-Hodgkin lymphoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical manifestation and pathological features of primary ocular adnexal non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • METHODS: Data of 18 patients with biopsy-proven ocular adnexal non-Hodgkin lymphoma at Xiangya hospital were reviewed.The disease site, clinical manifestation,imaging and pathological features of the tumor were summarized.
  • RESULTS: All patients had typical presentation of an adnexal mass.Twelve(66.7%) patients had orbital involvement, 3(16.7%) had conjunctival, and 3(16.7%) had lymphoma involving the eyelids.Eight patients were misdiagnosed as "inflammatory pseudotumour" before the operation according to their clinical and imaging examination,another 8 patients were diagnosed as "ocular adnexal tumour with unknown nature" before the operation.
  • CONCLUSION: The typical presentation of ocular adnexal lymphoma is a painless mass.Orbital connective tissue is the most involved anatomical site.
  • The diagnosis of ocular adnexal non-Hodgkin lymphoma is difficult which could easily be misdiagnosed as "inflammatory pseudotumour".

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  • (PMID = 18812662.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-7347
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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85. Bulliard C, Murali R, Maloof A, Adams S: Endocrine mucin-producing sweat gland carcinoma: report of a case and review of the literature. J Cutan Pathol; 2006 Dec;33(12):812-6

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  • [Title] Endocrine mucin-producing sweat gland carcinoma: report of a case and review of the literature.
  • Mucinous carcinoma of skin (MCS) is an uncommon adnexal tumor of disputed differentiation.

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  • (PMID = 17177942.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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86. Jorgensen EV, Steffensen T, Gilbert-Barness E, Nora F, Witt LC: Clinical pathologic correlation: primary amenorrhoea and bilateral adnexal tumors. Fetal Pediatr Pathol; 2008;27(6):245-58

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  • [Title] Clinical pathologic correlation: primary amenorrhoea and bilateral adnexal tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Amenorrhea / diagnosis. Dysgerminoma / diagnosis. Gonadal Dysgenesis, 46,XY / diagnosis. Gonadoblastoma / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19065322.001).
  • [ISSN] 1551-3823
  • [Journal-full-title] Fetal and pediatric pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fetal Pediatr Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Plaza JA, Ortega PF, Bengana C, Stockman DL, Suster S: Immunolabeling pattern of podoplanin (d2-40) may distinguish basal cell carcinomas from trichoepitheliomas: a clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical study of 49 cases. Am J Dermatopathol; 2010 Oct;32(7):683-7
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  • When the morphologic distinction between basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) and tichoepitheliomas is unclear, it poses a rare diagnostic challenge as the commonly defined histologic criterion is insufficient for differentiating these two neoplasms from each other.
  • Podoplanin (D2-40) is a well-known lymphatic endothelial surface marker that has been postulated to be upregulated in the outer root sheath of hair follicles and cutaneous neoplasms, such as adnexal tumors, squamous cell carcinomas, etc.
  • A total of 49 cutaneous tumors, including 22 cases of trichoepitheliomas and 27 cases of BCC were examined.
  • This data suggests that D2-40 expression could be a useful potential marker to distinguish BCCs from trichoepitheliomas, especially when there is a high index of histologic suspicion for either of these two tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Membrane Glycoproteins / biosynthesis. Neoplasms, Basal Cell / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20559122.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-0311
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / PDPN protein, human; 0 / monoclonal antibody D2-40
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88. Van Holsbeke C, Van Calster B, Valentin L, Testa AC, Ferrazzi E, Dimou I, Lu C, Moerman P, Van Huffel S, Vergote I, Timmerman D, International Ovarian Tumor Analysis Group: External validation of mathematical models to distinguish between benign and malignant adnexal tumors: a multicenter study by the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis Group. Clin Cancer Res; 2007 Aug 1;13(15 Pt 1):4440-7
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  • [Title] External validation of mathematical models to distinguish between benign and malignant adnexal tumors: a multicenter study by the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis Group.
  • PURPOSE: Several scoring systems have been developed to distinguish between benign and malignant adnexal tumors.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: In phase I of the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis multicenter study, patients with a persistent adnexal mass were examined with transvaginal ultrasound and color Doppler imaging.
  • The outcome measure was the histologic classification of excised tissue as malignant or benign.
  • We used the International Ovarian Tumor Analysis data to test the accuracy of previously published scoring systems.
  • RESULTS: Data from 1,066 patients were included; 800 patients (75%) had benign tumors and 266 patients (25%) had malignant tumors.
  • The morphologic scoring system used by Lerner gave an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.68, whereas the multimodal risk of malignancy index used by Jacobs gave an AUC of 0.88.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adnexal Diseases / classification. Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. CA-125 Antigen. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. International Agencies. Logistic Models. Neural Networks (Computer). Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17671128.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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89. Tokyol C, Aktepe F, Yavas BD, Yildiz H, Aycicek A: Chondroid syringoma: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2010 Sep-Oct;54(5 Suppl):973-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Chondroid syringoma is a benign skin adnexal tumor.
  • The reported incidence of chondroid syringoma among primary skin tumors is low and has been reported at 0.01-0.098%.
  • CASE: A 57-year-old woman presented with a 10-year history of a slowly growing lump on her philtrum.
  • A diagnosis of benign appendageal tumor of the skin was made.
  • Surgical excision of tumor was done.
  • CONCLUSION: Chondroid syringoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of a slowly growing nodule on the head or neck.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Lip Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21053580.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Mamelak AJ, Goldberg LH, Katz TM, Graves JJ, Arnon O, Kimyai-Asadi A: Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma. J Am Acad Dermatol; 2010 Jan;62(1):102-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Desmoplastic trichoepithelioma (DTE) is an uncommon adnexal tumor usually found on the face of young women.
  • OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe the clinical and histologic characteristics of DTE and discuss management strategies for these tumors.
  • Approximately 38% of the tumors had been present for 1 to 2 years before presentation.
  • The average size of the tumors at the time of surgery was 0.8 x 0.6 cm.
  • To date, none of the tumors have recurred.
  • CONCLUSION: DTE is a benign tumor that has a predilection for the face.
  • With its rapid growth, aggressive histologic features that may be confused with basal cell carcinoma, and tendency to arise in cosmetically and functionally sensitive areas, these tumors should be removed in a manner that assures clear surgical margins, such as Mohs micrographic surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Cheek. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mohs Surgery. Retrospective Studies. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] J Am Acad Dermatol. 2011 Feb;64(2):438-9 [21238832.001]
  • (PMID = 20082889.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6787
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Acad. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Nikolić B, Ardalić D, Lazić J: [Tumor marker CA-125 in adnexal inflammatory tumors]. Vojnosanit Pregl; 2006 Apr;63(4):383-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Tumor marker CA-125 in adnexal inflammatory tumors].
  • BACKGROUND/AIM: The glycoprotein of a high molecular weight CA-125, which is not a specific tumor marker of ovarian cancer, is secreted by the endothelial cells of most pelvic organs.
  • METHODS: The study included 57 female patients hospitalized due to inflammable adnexal tumors.
  • In all the 57 patients, transvaginal Doppler ultrasonography revealed the presence of adnexal tumor of inflammatory kind.
  • CONCLUSION: The method for the assessment of CA-125 is simple and available which facilitates the monitoring of surgical, conservative or the combined therapy that is particularly significant in younger patients with inflammable adnexal tumor developed on the basis of endometrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. CA-125 Antigen / analysis. Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16683407.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-8450
  • [Journal-full-title] Vojnosanitetski pregled
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vojnosanit Pregl
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia and Montenegro
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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92. Mor E, Rodi IA, Bayrak A, Paulson RJ, Sokol RZ: Diagnosis of pituitary gonadotroph adenomas in reproductive-aged women. Fertil Steril; 2005 Sep;84(3):757
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical symptoms associated with the diagnosis of pituitary gonadotroph adenoma in premenopausal women.
  • PATIENT(S): Three patients: a 31-year-old woman with primary infertility, recurrent adnexal masses, and highly elevated estradiol level; a 30-year-old woman with recurrent multicystic ovaries following multiple cystectomies and transvaginal cyst aspirations, and elevated estradiol level; a 43-year-old woman with bilateral complex cystic adnexal masses and an elevated estradiol level, who underwent a total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for a suspected granulosa cell tumor.
  • INTERVENTION(S): Transsphenoidal resection of a pituitary mass.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Serum estradiol, FSH, and LH levels; transvaginal ultrasonography of the ovaries; histologic examination of pituitary tumors.
  • RESULT(S): Transsphenoidal resection of pituitary adenomas resulted in normalization of serum estradiol and FSH levels and resolution of adnexal masses in two of the women.
  • CONCLUSION(S): Pituitary gonadotroph adenoma must be considered in the differential diagnosis in reproductive-aged women presenting with the clinical symptom triad of new onset oligomenorrhea, bilateral cystic adnexal masses, and elevated estradiol and FSH levels with suppressed levels of LH; timely diagnosis may prevent unnecessary and potentially damaging surgical procedures.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Pituitary Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16169418.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Jain V, Agarwal T, Sharma V, Bisht D, Agarwal AK: Female adnexal tumour of probable Wolffian origin. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Oct;50(4):806-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Female adnexal tumour of probable Wolffian origin.
  • Mass on histopathological examination was proved to be tumor of Wolffian origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adnexal Diseases / diagnosis. Adnexal Diseases / pathology. Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasms / pathology. Wolffian Ducts / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18306563.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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94. Kumar B: Chondroid syringoma diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology. Diagn Cytopathol; 2010 Jan;38(1):38-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Chondroid syringoma is a rare benign skin adnexal tumor of eccrine/apocrine origin affecting commonly the head and neck region.
  • It used to be previously called as mixed tumor of skin because of the presence of both the epithelial and mesenchymal components.
  • Overlying skin was normal, and the swelling was fixed to the skin but freely mobile over underlying structure.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19693940.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Huang W, Zhao Y, Zhao J, Huang Y, Wang J, Zhang Q: Endometrioid carcinoma of the fallopian tube resembling an adnexal tumor of probable wolffian origin: a case of report and review of the literature. Pathol Res Pract; 2010 Mar 15;206(3):180-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endometrioid carcinoma of the fallopian tube resembling an adnexal tumor of probable wolffian origin: a case of report and review of the literature.
  • Endometrioid carcinoma is a common tumor of the female genital tract, mainly affecting the uterus corpus and ovary.
  • The female adnexal tumor of probable wolffian origin (FATWO), although occasionally seen elsewhere, is most typically encountered in the broad ligament.
  • The tumor was confined to the tube and strongly resembled FATWO.
  • Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells were positive for AE1/AE3, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and p16, but negative for CD10, inhibin-alpha, calretinin, vimentin, myogenin, and desmin, CD99,CgA, and Syn.
  • We review the previously published cases of endometrioid carcinomas of the fallopian tube resembling FATWO, and discuss the principal differential diagnosis of the tumor in the fallopian tube.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19457622.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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96. Alex G: Apocrine adenocarcinoma of the nipple: a case report. Cases J; 2008;1(1):88

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Apocrine adenocarcinomas are rare malignant skin adnexal tumours.

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  • [Cites] Dermatol Online J. 2008;14(6):5 [18713586.001]
  • [Cites] Acta Chir Belg. 2004 Aug;104(4):476-8 [15469170.001]
  • [Cites] Breast. 2005 Feb;14(1):3-10 [15695074.001]
  • [Cites] J Neurooncol. 2006 May;77(3):285-9 [16314948.001]
  • (PMID = 18700029.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-1626
  • [Journal-full-title] Cases journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cases J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2526981
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97. Zaraa I, Zeglaoui F, Fazaa B, Ezzine N, Elfekih N, Zermani R, Ben Jilani S, Kamoun MR: [Brooke-Spiegler syndrome]. Tunis Med; 2006 Sep;84(9):578-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Transliterated title] Syndrome de brooke-Spiegler.
  • Brooke Spiegler syndrome is a rare genodermatosis characterized by an association of multiple trichoepitheliomas and cylindromas, sometimes accompanied by other adnexal tumors (spiradenoma, mila), we report two family cases of Brooke Spiegler syndrome.
  • No neoplastic tumor was identified.
  • A co-existence of adnexal tumors was found in the other members of the family.
  • Brooke Spiegler syndrome is an autosomial dominant disease with variable penetrance, it's characterized by a family history of trichoepitheliomas, with other adnexal tumors.
  • Brooke Spiegler syndrome is usually a benign disease, but patients with this syndrome should be explored for malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Adnexal and Skin Appendage / genetics. Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary / genetics. Skin Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17263207.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
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98. Schmaltz R, Müller CS, Vogt T: [Sudden growth of previously indolent scalp nodule]. Hautarzt; 2010 Jun;61(6):518-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Cylindromas are benign adnexal tumors with eccrine and apocrine differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / diagnosis. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Scalp. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Cites] Br J Dermatol. 2001 Oct;145(4):653-6 [11703297.001]
  • [Cites] Dermatol Surg. 2003 Jun;29(6):647-9 [12786711.001]
  • [Cites] J Am Acad Dermatol. 2008 Apr;58(4):636-41 [18342709.001]
  • [Cites] Cancer. 1993 Sep 1;72(5):1618-23 [7688655.001]
  • (PMID = 20490442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1173
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hautarzt
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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99. Philipone E, Chen S: Unique case: syringocystadenoma papilliferum associated with an eccrine nevus. Am J Dermatopathol; 2009 Dec;31(8):806-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Syringocystadenoma papilliferum is a benign adnexal lesion of the skin most commonly found in the head and neck region.
  • It is frequently seen in association with other benign adnexal lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Eccrine Glands / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Nevus / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Skin Neoplasms / pathology


100. Seirafi HH, Akhyani M, Naraghi ZS, Mansoori P, Dehkordi HS, Taheri A, Ehsani AH, Kavusi S, Farnaghi F: Eruptive syringomas. Dermatol Online J; 2005;11(2):13

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Syringomas are benign adnexal tumors derived from the intraepidermal portion of eccrine sweat ducts.

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  • (PMID = 16150221.001).
  • [ISSN] 1087-2108
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology online journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol. Online J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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