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1. Vazmitel M, Pavlovsky M, Kacerovska D, Michal M, Kazakov DV: Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia in a complex neoplastic lesion involving anogenital mammary-like glands. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Oct;36(10):1117-20
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  • Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH), a relatively frequent hormonal change associated with different benign and malignant processes in the breast, was only once mentioned in the literature concerning the pathology of AMLG.
  • The present case of PASH is remarkable because of its occurrence within a complex lesion evidencing the changes identical to or reminiscent of blunt duct adenosis, fibroadenoma and hidradenoma papilliferum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adult. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Female. Fibroadenoma / pathology. Humans. Hyperplasia. Immunohistochemistry

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  • [Copyright] 2009 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
  • (PMID = 19508499.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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2. Hameed O, Humphrey PA: Pseudoneoplastic mimics of prostate and bladder carcinomas. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 Mar;134(3):427-43
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  • CONCLUSIONS: Pseudoneoplastic lesions in the prostate include those of prostatic epithelial origin, the most common being atrophy, adenosis (atypical adenomatous hyperplasia), basal cell hyperplasia, and crowded benign glands, as well as those of nonprostatic origin, such as seminal vesicle epithelium.

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  • (PMID = 20196670.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 83
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3. Artifon EL, Sakai P, Ishioka S, Silva AF, Maluf F, Chaves D, Matuguma S, Pompeo A, Lucon AM, Srougi M, Bhutani MS: EUS for locoregional staging of prostate cancer--a pilot study. Gastrointest Endosc; 2007 Mar;65(3):440-7
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  • Histopathologic study of the surgical specimen revealed adenocarcinoma in 20 of 23, atypical adenomatous hyperplasia in 2 of 23, and sclerosing adenosis in 1 of 23.

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  • (PMID = 17321246.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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4. Cheng L, Bostwick DG: Atypical sclerosing adenosis of the prostate: a rare mimic of adenocarcinoma. Histopathology; 2010 Apr;56(5):627-31
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  • [Title] Atypical sclerosing adenosis of the prostate: a rare mimic of adenocarcinoma.
  • AIMS: Sclerosing adenosis of the prostate is a benign, small, acinar proliferation in dense spindle cell stroma, with a distinct immunohistochemical profiles.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: We describe five cases of sclerosing adenosis with significant cytological atypia, referred to as atypical sclerosing adenosis (ASA), which were initially considered suspicious or diagnostic of adenocarcinoma.
  • Seven other cases of typical sclerosing adenosis were used as controls.
  • All cases of typical and atypical sclerosing adenosis displayed an intact basal cell layer, which was immunoreactive for high-molecular-weight keratin, S100 protein, smooth muscle actin, and prostate-specific antigen, with no differences between ASA and the control group.
  • All cases of typical sclerosing adenosis were diploid.

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  • (PMID = 20459573.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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5. Sekine K, Tsunoda-Shimizu H, Kikuchi M, Saida Y, Kawasaki T, Suzuki K: DCIS showing architectural distortion on the screening mammogram - comparison of mammographic and pathological findings. Breast Cancer; 2007;14(3):281-4
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  • In 2 cases, sclerosing adenosis was seen in the background of the DCIS.
  • CONCLUSION: It is generally accepted that architectural distortion in DCIS is due to sclerosing adenosis, but sclerosis in the interstitium around the DCIS and presence of DCIS components in Cooper's ligament proved to be the cause of architectural distortion in the cases described here.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / radiography. Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / radiography. Mammography / standards

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  • (PMID = 17690505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1340-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast cancer (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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6. Turashvili G, Hayes M, Gilks B, Watson P, Aparicio S: Are columnar cell lesions the earliest histologically detectable non-obligate precursor of breast cancer? Virchows Arch; 2008 Jun;452(6):589-98
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  • [Title] Are columnar cell lesions the earliest histologically detectable non-obligate precursor of breast cancer?
  • Columnar cell lesions (CCLs) are one of the most common abnormalities in the adult female human breast, characterized by the presence of columnar-shaped epithelial cells lining enlarged terminal-duct lobular units.
  • Columnar cell-like lesions have been described under a variety of names such as blunt duct adenosis, flat epithelial atypia, and ductal intraepithelial neoplasia type DIN1a.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Mammary Glands, Human / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18437416.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AR protein, human; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Estrogen Receptor alpha; 0 / Receptors, Androgen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
  • [Number-of-references] 79
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7. Noonan VL, Kalmar JR, Allen CM, Gallagher GT, Kabani S: Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of minor salivary glands: report of three cases and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2007 Oct;104(4):516-20
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  • [Title] Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of minor salivary glands: report of three cases and review of the literature.
  • Sclerosing polycystic adenosis (SPCA) of the salivary gland is a rarely encountered lesion of uncertain pathogenesis that shares histologic features with sclerosing adenosis and fibrocystic disease of the mammary gland.

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  • (PMID = 17150380.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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8. de Moraes Schenka NG, Schenka AA, de Souza Queiroz L, de Almeida Matsura M, Alvarenga M, Vassallo J: p63 and CD10: reliable markers in discriminating benign sclerosing lesions from tubular carcinoma of the breast? Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol; 2006 Mar;14(1):71-7
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  • [Title] p63 and CD10: reliable markers in discriminating benign sclerosing lesions from tubular carcinoma of the breast?
  • The immunohistochemical detection of myoepithelial cells in benign sclerosing lesions of the breast is useful in distinguishing them from tubular carcinoma.
  • The authors assessed the use of p63 and CD10 in the differential diagnosis between benign sclerosing lesions, such as sclerosing adenosis and radial scar, and tubular carcinoma, in comparison to the traditional myoepithelial markers 1A4 and calponin. p63, CD10, 1A4, and calponin were expressed in myoepithelial cells of all benign lesions and were consistently negative in all cases of tubular carcinoma.
  • In conclusion, p63 and CD10 may be used as a complement to 1A4 in distinguishing benign sclerosing lesions from tubular carcinoma of the breast.

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  • (PMID = 16540734.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-2016
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology : AIMM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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9. Müller-Decker K, Berger I, Ackermann K, Ehemann V, Zoubova S, Aulmann S, Pyerin W, Fürstenberger G: Cystic duct dilatations and proliferative epithelial lesions in mouse mammary glands upon keratin 5 promoter-driven overexpression of cyclooxygenase-2. Am J Pathol; 2005 Feb;166(2):575-84
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  • In nulliparous female mice, aberrant COX-2 overexpression correlated with increased prostaglandin (PG) E(2) levels and caused cystic duct dilatations, adenosis, and fibrosis whereas carcinomas developed rarely.
  • The spontaneous pathologies bear analogies to the human breast with fibrocystic changes.
  • Intriguingly, strong COX-2 expression was observed in fibrocystic changes, as compared to low expression in normal breast epithelium.
  • These results show for the first time that aberrant COX-2 expression contributes to the development of fibrocystic changes (FC), indicating that COX-2 and COX-2-mediated PG synthesis represent potential targets for the therapy of this most frequent benign disorder of the human breast.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Biopsy. Breast / pathology. Caspase 3. Caspases / biosynthesis. Cell Proliferation. Cyclooxygenase 2. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Epithelium / pathology. Female. Fibrosis. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunoblotting. Immunohistochemistry. Keratin-15. Keratin-5. Ki-67 Antigen / biosynthesis. Membrane Proteins. Mice. Mice, Transgenic. Phenotype. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / biosynthesis. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transgenes. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 15681840.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9440
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / KRT5 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-15; 0 / Keratin-5; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Krt1-15 protein, mouse; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; EC 1.14.99.1 / PTGS2 protein, human; EC 1.14.99.1 / Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases; EC 3.4.22.- / CASP3 protein, human; EC 3.4.22.- / Casp3 protein, mouse; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 3; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1602328
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10. Balan R, Amălinei C, Pricop F, Gheorghiţă V, Pintilie I, Ivan L, Cotuţiu C: [Diagnostic difficulties in mammary gland adenosis. Case report]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi; 2005 Apr-Jun;109(2):351-4
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  • [Title] [Diagnostic difficulties in mammary gland adenosis. Case report].
  • Tumor adenosis represents a rare lesion, which most frequent appears as a palpable mass, with more than the usual dimensions.
  • The paper presents a case of tumor adenosis of the mammary gland of a 16 years girl.
  • Microscopically, there were observed several histologic types of adenosis, the most frequent being sclerosing adenosis.
  • The presence of these elements led through the diagnosis of tumor adenosis.
  • The importance of recognition of the tumor adenosis is found in the possibility of wrong interpretation of this with tubular invasive carcinoma, these two entities being often mistaken, mainly at the frozen-section examination.
  • [MeSH-major] Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adolescent. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Silver Staining

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  • (PMID = 16607799.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7848
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti din Iaş̧i
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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11. Liedtke C, Kersting C, Bürger H, Kiesel L, Wülfing P: Caveolin-1 expression in benign and malignant lesions of the breast. World J Surg Oncol; 2007;5:110
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  • [Title] Caveolin-1 expression in benign and malignant lesions of the breast.
  • We examined the potential clinical relevance of Caveolin-1 in normal, benign and malignant breast tissue specimens.
  • METHODS: Using tissue microarray (TMA) technology cases of invasive breast cancer, DCIS, benign breast disease (i.e. fibroadenoma, sclerosing adenosis, ductal hyperplasia and radial scar) and normal breast tissue were evaluated for Caveolin-1 expression.
  • RESULTS: No Caveolin-1 expression was observed in epithelial cells of normal breast tissue (n = 5), benign breast disease (n = 295) and DCIS (n = 108).
  • However, Caveolin-1 expression was found in 32 of 109 cases of invasive breast carcinomas (29.4%).
  • Caveolin-1 expression in invasive breast cancer could neither be correlated with survival parameters such as overall or disease-free survival nor with established clinical and pathological markers.
  • CONCLUSION: In this study we demonstrated expression of Caveolin-1 in one third of invasive breast cancers.
  • A significant increase in Caveolin-1 expression was observed comparing invasive breast cancer to both benign breast tissue and non-invasive breast cancer.
  • Since inhibitors of Caveolin-1 signalling are available, targeting Caveolin-1 in breast cancer may represent a potential option for future breast cancer treatment.

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  • (PMID = 17915016.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2082377
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12. Elayat G, Selim AG, Wells CA: Cell cycle alterations and their relationship to proliferation in apocrine adenosis of the breast. Histopathology; 2009 Feb;54(3):348-54
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  • [Title] Cell cycle alterations and their relationship to proliferation in apocrine adenosis of the breast.
  • AIMS: Apocrine adenosis (AA) is generally considered a benign disease of the breast.
  • The aim was to investigate the status of cell cycle proteins previously reported to be deregulated in breast cancer to identify their possible role in AA.
  • Furthermore, proliferation in AA (4.5%) was significantly higher than that of normal breast epithelium (1%).
  • [MeSH-major] Breast / pathology. Cell Cycle / physiology. Cell Proliferation. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19236511.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins
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13. Chen JH, Nalcioglu O, Su MY: Fibrocystic change of the breast presenting as a focal lesion mimicking breast cancer in MR imaging. J Magn Reson Imaging; 2008 Dec;28(6):1499-505
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  • [Title] Fibrocystic change of the breast presenting as a focal lesion mimicking breast cancer in MR imaging.
  • Focal fibrocystic change (FCC) of the breast is a rare form of FCC.
  • Breast sonography suspected malignancy in seven patients (7/10, 70%).
  • In pathology, all 11 patients showed the typical pathological features of fibrocystic change, with mixed components of stromal fibrosis, cyst formation, apocrine metaplasia, adenosis, and/or focal sclerosing adenosis.
  • In conclusion, MR imaging features of focal FCC usually present as a mass or focus lesion with rapid enhancement and washout kinetics that mimic a malignant breast lesion and lead to unnecessary operation, especially in patients with contralateral malignant breast cancer.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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  • (PMID = 19025938.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA90437; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA121568; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA121568; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA090437; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA090437-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA121568-01A2; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA090437-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA062203; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA121568-01A2
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS64002; NLM/ PMC2597344
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14. Laforga JB: A case of mucinous spherulosis of the breast diagnosed retrospectively in FNA material. Diagn Cytopathol; 2006 Sep;34(9):626-30
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  • [Title] A case of mucinous spherulosis of the breast diagnosed retrospectively in FNA material.
  • We describe for the first time the cytologic features of mucinous spherulosis (MS), a variant of collagenous spherulosis (CS) of the breast characterized by cribiform structures containing lightly basophilic material, embedded in a loosely mucinous acellular background.
  • Histologically, the lesion was part of a complex hyperplasia containing foci of sclerosing adenosis, and foci of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH).
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Breast / pathology. Breast Diseases / pathology. Mucins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adult. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Collagen / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / complications. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / metabolism. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Humans. Hyperplasia / complications. Hyperplasia / metabolism. Hyperplasia / pathology. Mammary Glands, Human / metabolism. Mammary Glands, Human / pathology. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16900477.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mucins; 9007-34-5 / Collagen
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15. Cheuk W, Chan JK: Advances in salivary gland pathology. Histopathology; 2007 Jul;51(1):1-20
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  • Newly recognized entities include: sclerosing polycystic adenosis (with recent molecular evidence supporting its neoplastic nature), sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia, keratocystoma, adenoma with additional stromal component (lymphadenoma, lipoadenoma and adenofibroma), cribriform adenocarcinoma of the tongue and signet ring adenocarcinoma of minor salivary gland.

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  • (PMID = 17539914.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 142
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16. Adley BP, Yang XJ: Application of alpha-methylacyl coenzyme A racemase immunohistochemistry in the diagnosis of prostate cancer: a review. Anal Quant Cytol Histol; 2006 Feb;28(1):1-13
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  • This review focuses on AMACR expression in prostate cancer and its morphologic variants, high grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, adenosis and benign conditions of the prostate.

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  • (PMID = 16566275.001).
  • [ISSN] 0884-6812
  • [Journal-full-title] Analytical and quantitative cytology and histology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anal. Quant. Cytol. Histol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 5.1.- / Racemases and Epimerases; EC 5.1.99.4 / alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase
  • [Number-of-references] 63
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17. Chen YB, Magpayo J, Rosen PP: Sclerosing adenosis in sentinel axillary lymph nodes from a patient with invasive ductal carcinoma: an unusual variant of benign glandular inclusions. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2008 Sep;132(9):1439-41
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  • [Title] Sclerosing adenosis in sentinel axillary lymph nodes from a patient with invasive ductal carcinoma: an unusual variant of benign glandular inclusions.
  • We report an exceptional instance in which a patient with invasive ductal carcinoma had benign glandular inclusions in the form of sclerosing adenosis in 2 sentinel lymph nodes.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy

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  • (PMID = 18788857.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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18. Kazakov DV, Mikyskova I, Kutzner H, Simpson RH, Hes O, Mukensnabl P, Bouda J, Zamecnik M, Kinkor Z, Michal M: Hidradenoma papilliferum with oxyphilic metaplasia: a clinicopathological study of 18 cases, including detection of human papillomavirus. Am J Dermatopathol; 2005 Apr;27(2):102-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • This finding could be likened to apocrine metaplasia, a term used in breast pathology.
  • Other histopathological findings observed in this series, analogous to benign breast disease, included sclerosing adenosis-like changes, atypical apocrine adenosis-like changes, changes corresponding to usual ductal epithelial hyperplasia, epitheliomatosis with a streaming growth pattern, lamprocyte-like changes, clear cell change of the myoepithelium, foamy histiocyte reaction, and stromal fibrosis.
  • Our observations are consistent with previous publications noting similarities between tumors of the breast and sweat glands.
  • Oxyphilic metaplasia, areas with solid growth, and changes simulating atypical apocrine adenosis are rare and poorly recognized in hidradenoma papilliferum and may cause diagnostic difficulties; in our cases several submitting pathologists suspected malignancy.

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  • (PMID = 15798433.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Amary MF, Pauwels P, Meulemans E, Roemen GM, Islam L, Idowu B, Bousdras K, Diss TC, O'Donnell P, Flanagan AM: Detection of beta-catenin mutations in paraffin-embedded sporadic desmoid-type fibromatosis by mutation-specific restriction enzyme digestion (MSRED): an ancillary diagnostic tool. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Sep;31(9):1299-309
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  • Some cases are associated with adenosis polyposis coli germline mutations whereas others harbor somatic beta-catenin point mutations mainly in exon 3, codons 41 and 45.

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  • (PMID = 17721184.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CTNNB1 protein, human; 0 / Codon; 0 / beta Catenin
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20. Rosa M, Moore G: Epidermalization of cervix and vagina: an unsolved dilemma. J Low Genit Tract Dis; 2008 Jul;12(3):217-9
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  • The tendency of the cervical and vaginal epithelium to undergo reactive changes as, for example, adenosis, squamous hyperplasia, hyperkeratosis, and parakeratosis is well known.

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  • (PMID = 18596464.001).
  • [ISSN] 1526-0976
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of lower genital tract disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Low Genit Tract Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Etit D, Pilch BZ, Osgood R, Faquin WC: Fine-needle aspiration biopsy findings in sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland. Diagn Cytopathol; 2007 Jul;35(7):444-7
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  • [Title] Fine-needle aspiration biopsy findings in sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland.
  • Sclerosing polycystic adenosis (SPA) is a recently described, rare lesion of the salivary gland analogous to fibrocystic disease of the breast.

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  • (PMID = 17580340.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Berois N, Mazal D, Ubillos L, Trajtenberg F, Nicolas A, Sastre-Garau X, Magdelenat H, Osinaga E: UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine: polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-6 as a new immunohistochemical breast cancer marker. J Histochem Cytochem; 2006 Mar;54(3):317-28
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  • [Title] UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine: polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-6 as a new immunohistochemical breast cancer marker.
  • Considering that we recently found the ppGalNAc-T6 mRNA expressed in breast carcinomas, we produced a highly specific monoclonal antibody (MAb T6.3) to assess the expression profile of ppGalNAc-T6 protein product in breast tissues.
  • The expression of ppGalNAc-T6 by breast carcinoma cells was confirmed on MCF-7 and T47D cell lines.
  • In formalin-fixed tissues, ppGalNAc-T6 expression was observed in 60/74 (81%) breast cancers, 21/23 (91.3%) adjacent ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), 4/20 benign breast lesions (2/2 sclerosing adenosis and 2/13 fibroadenoma), and in 0/5 normal breast samples.
  • This fact, as well as the observation that ppGalNAc-T6 was strongly expressed in sclerosing adenosis and in most DCIS, suggests that ppGalNAc-T6 expression could be an early event during human breast carcinogenesis.
  • Considering that an abnormal O-glycosylation greatly contributes to the phenotype and biology of breast cancer cells, ppGalNAc-T6 expression could provide new insights about breast cancer glycobiology.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / enzymology. N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Animals. Antibodies, Monoclonal. Breast Diseases / enzymology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / enzymology. Carcinoma, Lobular / enzymology. Carcinoma, Papillary / enzymology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Mammary Glands, Human / enzymology. Metaplasia. Mice. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16260590.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1554
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Histochem. Cytochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.4.1.- / N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferases; EC 2.4.1.- / UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 6
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23. Kazakov DV, Bisceglia M, Sima R, Michal M: Adenosis tumor of anogenital mammary-like glands: a case report and demonstration of clonality by HUMARA assay. J Cutan Pathol; 2006 Jan;33(1):43-6
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  • [Title] Adenosis tumor of anogenital mammary-like glands: a case report and demonstration of clonality by HUMARA assay.
  • In mammary pathology, adenosis tumor is defined as a clinically recognizable lesion that histologically primarily consists of adenosis, but also exhibits various combinations of diverse epithelial changes seen in other benign breast diseases.
  • A lesion that occurred in the anogenital area of a 46-year-old woman and apparently arose in anogenital mammary-like glands is described and which, in our opinion, is best classified as adenosis tumor.
  • Several histological patterns within the same tumor mass were recognizable: sclerosing adenosis-like changes, variably sized microcysts and cysts, some with rare short papillary projections having hyalinized cores, rare tubular structures exhibiting epithelial features reminiscent of simple ductal hyperplasia, areas with oxyphilic (apocrine) metaplasia, and clear cell epithelial changes resembling mucinous metaplasia.
  • As our case exhibited a number of patterns identical to those seen in diverse benign breast diseases, its classification as adenosis tumor seems justifiable.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Mammary Glands, Human / pathology. Receptors, Androgen / metabolism. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16441411.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-6987
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AR protein, human; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Androgen
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24. Celis JE, Moreira JM, Gromova I, Cabezón T, Gromov P, Shen T, Timmermans V, Rank F: Characterization of breast precancerous lesions and myoepithelial hyperplasia in sclerosing adenosis with apocrine metaplasia. Mol Oncol; 2007 Jun;1(1):97-119
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  • [Title] Characterization of breast precancerous lesions and myoepithelial hyperplasia in sclerosing adenosis with apocrine metaplasia.
  • The identification as well as the molecular characterization of breast precancerous lesions in terms of increased risk of progression and/or recurrence is becoming a critical issue today as improved non-surgical procedures are detecting cancer at an earlier stage.
  • The strategy we have been pursuing to identify early apocrine breast lesions is based on the postulate that invasive apocrine carcinomas evolve from epithelial cells in terminal duct lobular units (TDLUs) in a stepwise manner that involves apocrine metaplasia of normal breast epithelia, hyperplasia, atypia, and apocrine carcinoma in situ.
  • Here we present studies in which we have used antibodies against components of a benign apocrine signature that includes 15-prostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH), a protein that is expressed by all benign apocrine lesions, and markers that are highly overexpressed by pure invasive apocrine carcinomas such as MRP14 (S100A9), psoriasin (S100A7), and p53 to identify precancerous lesions in sclerosing adenosis (SA) with apocrine metaplasia.
  • The latter is a benign proliferative lesion of the breast that exhibits an increase in the size of the TDLUs and characterized by retained two-cell lining, and myoepithelial (ME) and stromal hyperplasia.
  • SA with apocrine metaplasia, i.e. apocrine adenosis (AA), presents with a higher degree of atypical apocrine hyperplasia, and these lesions are believed to be precursors of apocrine carcinoma, in situ and invasive.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. Precancerous Conditions / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19383289.001).
  • [ISSN] 1878-0261
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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25. Jiang YX, Liu H, Liu JB, Zhu QL, Sun Q, Chang XY: Breast tumor size assessment: comparison of conventional ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound. Ultrasound Med Biol; 2007 Dec;33(12):1873-81
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  • [Title] Breast tumor size assessment: comparison of conventional ultrasound and contrast-enhanced ultrasound.
  • Accurate assessment of tumor size is necessary when selecting patients for breast-conserving surgery.
  • In the study of breast contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), we found that tumor size discrepancy between CEUS and conventional ultrasound (US) existed in some breast lesions, for which the reasons are not clear.
  • Breast CEUS examinations were performed in 104 patients with breast lesions.
  • The measurement of the 104 breast tumors on conventional US was obtained and compared with the measurement on CEUS.
  • The histopathological examination of size discrepancy was performed and the margin characteristics of breast cancers with larger measurements were compared with those with unchanged measurements.
  • Among the 104 lesions (43 malignant, 60 benign, 1 borderline), the size of 27 breast cancers and one granulomatous mastitis appeared larger at CEUS.
  • Pathologic examinations of the region corresponding to the measurement discrepancy were mainly ductal carcinomas in situ (DCIS), invasive carcinoma with a DCIS component, adenosis with lobular hyperplasia in breast cancers and inflammatory cell infiltration in one granulomatous mastitis.
  • Well-defined margin characteristics were significantly different between breast cancers with larger measurements at CEUS and those with unchanged measurements of size (p = 0.002), whereas no significant difference was found between the two groups in ill-defined, spiculated, hyperechoic halo, microlobulated and angulated margins (p = 0.463, 0.117, 0.194, 0.666 and 0.780, respectively).
  • This initial study suggests that significant discrepancy of breast lesion measurement between conventional US and CEUS is more likely presented in breast cancer than benign lesions.
  • It is difficult to predict whether the size measurement of the breast cancer increases at CEUS based on the margin characteristics showed on conventional US.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Breast Diseases / pathology. Breast Diseases / ultrasonography. Contrast Media. Female. Humans. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Phospholipids. Reproducibility of Results. Sulfur Hexafluoride

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  • (PMID = 17686569.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-5629
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultrasound in medicine & biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultrasound Med Biol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Phospholipids; 0 / contrast agent BR1; WS7LR3I1D6 / Sulfur Hexafluoride
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26. Fulciniti F, Losito NS, Ionna F, Longo F, Aversa C, Botti G, Foschini MP: Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland: report of one case diagnosed by fine-needle cytology with in situ malignant transformation. Diagn Cytopathol; 2010 May;38(5):368-73
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  • [Title] Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland: report of one case diagnosed by fine-needle cytology with in situ malignant transformation.
  • Sclerosing polycystic adenosis (SPA) is a rare pathological condition affecting the salivary glands, first described by Smith etal. in 1996.
  • In line with numerous other pathological analogies between breast and salivary gland lesions, SPA shares with fibrocystic disease of the breast many histopathological features, i.e., fibrosis, oncocytic (apocrine) changes, hyperplasia of ductal and acinar epithelium, cystic dilation of ducts, and, often, atypical epithelial changes.

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  • (PMID = 19937766.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Gnepp DR, Wang LJ, Brandwein-Gensler M, Slootweg P, Gill M, Hille J: Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the salivary gland: a report of 16 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2006 Feb;30(2):154-64
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  • [Title] Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the salivary gland: a report of 16 cases.
  • Sclerosing polycystic adenosis is a recently described, extremely rare, reactive, sclerosing, inflammatory process somewhat similar to fibrocystic changes and adenosis tumor of the breast.

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  • (PMID = 16434888.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Drosos Y, Kouloukoussa M, Østvold AC, Grundt K, Goutas N, Vlachodimitropoulos D, Havaki S, Kollia P, Kittas C, Marinos E, Aleporou-Marinou V: NUCKS overexpression in breast cancer. Cancer Cell Int; 2009;9:19
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  • [Title] NUCKS overexpression in breast cancer.
  • A number of reports show that NUCKS is highly expressed on the level of mRNA in several human cancers, including breast cancer.
  • In this work, NUCKS expression on both RNA and protein levels was studied in breast tissue biopsies consisted of invasive carcinomas, intraductal proliferative lesions, benign epithelial proliferations and fibroadenomas, as well as in primary cultures derived from the above biopsies.
  • Specifically, in order to evaluate the level of NUCKS protein in correlation with the histopathological features of breast disease, immunohistochemistry was employed on paraffin sections of breast biopsies of the above types.
  • RESULTS: The immunohistochemical Results showed intense NUCKS staining mostly in grade I and II breast carcinomas compared to normal tissues.
  • Furthermore, NUCKS was moderate expressed in benign epithelial proliferations, such as adenosis and sclerosing adenosis, and highly expressed in intraductal lesions, specifically in ductal carcinomas in situ (DCIS).
  • RT-PCR and qRT-PCR showed an increase of NUCKS expression in cells derived from primary cultures of proliferative lesions and cancerous tissues compared to the ones derived from normal breast tissues and fibroadenomas.
  • CONCLUSION: The results show overexpression of the NUCKS protein in a number of non malignant breast lesions and cancerous tissues.

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  • (PMID = 19664271.001).
  • [ISSN] 1475-2867
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer cell international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Cell Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2743642
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29. Swelam WM: The pathogenic role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in sclerosing polycystic adenosis. Pathol Res Pract; 2010 Aug 15;206(8):565-71
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  • [Title] The pathogenic role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in sclerosing polycystic adenosis.
  • Sclerosing polycystic adenosis (SPA) is a pathology of the salivary gland which occurs infrequently and has a controversial etiology.

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  • (PMID = 20400234.001).
  • [ISSN] 1618-0631
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
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30. Antuofermo E, Miller MA, Pirino S, Xie J, Badve S, Mohammed SI: Spontaneous mammary intraepithelial lesions in dogs--a model of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2007 Nov;16(11):2247-56
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  • [Title] Spontaneous mammary intraepithelial lesions in dogs--a model of breast cancer.
  • IELs, found in specimens from 60 dogs, were categorized as adenosis, sclerosing adenosis, intraductal papilloma, sclerosing papilloma, ductal hyperplasia, atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS; high, intermediate, and low grade).
  • Canine mammary IELs were strikingly similar to those of the human breast.
  • The frequency of IELs in the dog, their association with spontaneous mammary cancer, their pattern of ER-alpha and HER-2 expression, and their histologic resemblance to human IELs may make the dog an ideal model to study human ER-negative (both HER-2 positive and negative) breast cancer progression as well as prevention and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / veterinary. Dog Diseases / pathology. Mammary Neoplasms, Animal / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2007 Nov;16(11):2181-3 [17982116.001]
  • (PMID = 17982119.001).
  • [ISSN] 1055-9965
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Estrogen Receptor alpha; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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31. Niemeijer IC, van Praag MC, van Gemund N: Relevance and consequences of erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and toxic epidermal necrolysis in gynecology. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2009 Nov;280(5):851-4
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  • SJS and TEN on the other hand are related with premature labor and vaginal scarring that can lead to long-term painful lesions, stenosis, vaginal adenosis and telangiectasia.


32. Kaya H, Güllüoglu B, Aribal E: Myoepithelial differentiation in breast carcinoma. Tumori; 2008 Jan-Feb;94(1):116-20
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  • [Title] Myoepithelial differentiation in breast carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: The aim of presenting this work is to describe a matrix producing carcinoma with anaplastic myoepithelial cell foci, with the coexistence of in situ myoepithelial carcinoma which originated from a sclerosing adenosis.
  • CASE REPORT: A 51-year-old perimenopausal woman presented with a hard irregular lump in her left breast.
  • The tumor was composed of a sclerosed fibroadenoma and preexisting sclerosing adenosis with poorly differentiated overt carcinoma within the cartilaginous matrix.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Fibroadenoma / pathology. Myoepithelioma / pathology


33. Emberger M, Lanschuetzer CM, Laimer M, Hawranek T, Staudach A, Hintner H: Vaginal adenosis induced by Stevens-Johnson syndrome. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol; 2006 Aug;20(7):896-8
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  • [Title] Vaginal adenosis induced by Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

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  • (PMID = 16898932.001).
  • [ISSN] 0926-9959
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology : JEADV
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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34. Noël JC, Buxant F, Fayt I, Bebusschere G, Parent D: Vulval adenosis associated with toxic epidermal necrolysis. Br J Dermatol; 2005 Aug;153(2):457-8
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  • [Title] Vulval adenosis associated with toxic epidermal necrolysis.

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  • (PMID = 16086774.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0963
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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35. Gebauer B, Bostanjoglo M, Moesta KT, Schneider W, Schlag PM, Felix R: Magnetic resonance-guided biopsy of suspicious breast lesions with a handheld vacuum biopsy device. Acta Radiol; 2006 Nov;47(9):907-13
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  • [Title] Magnetic resonance-guided biopsy of suspicious breast lesions with a handheld vacuum biopsy device.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate a handheld vacuum-assisted device system for magnetic resonance image (MRI)-guided breast lesion biopsy.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 32 patients, a total of 42 suspicious breast lesions (mean diameter 7.5 mm for mass lesions, 11.6 mm for non-masslike diffuse lesions) seen with MRI (no suspicious changes in breast ultrasound or mammography) were biopsied (27 lateral, 15 medial) using a 10G vacuum-assisted breast biopsy device under MR guidance.
  • Histology revealed 11 lesions with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or invasive cancer, three with intermediate lesions (LCIS) and 28 with benign breast lesions (adenosis, infected hematoma).
  • In the follow-up (mean 18 months) of the histological benign lesions, no breast cancer development was observed.
  • CONCLUSION: MRI-guided breast lesion biopsy using a handheld vacuum-assisted device is a safe and effective method for the work-up of suspicious lesions seen with breast MRI without changes in mammography or ultrasound.
  • In the case of discordant histology of vacuum biopsy and breast MRI appearance, surgical excision is recommended.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Needle / instrumentation. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Magnetic Resonance Imaging

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  • (PMID = 17077039.001).
  • [ISSN] 0284-1851
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
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36. Berney DM, Fisher G, Kattan MW, Oliver RT, Møller H, Fearn P, Eastham J, Scardino P, Cuzick J, Reuter VE, Foster CS, Trans-Atlantic prostate group: Pitfalls in the diagnosis of prostatic cancer: retrospective review of 1791 cases with clinical outcome. Histopathology; 2007 Oct;51(4):452-7
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  • These included severe atrophy, inflammatory induced atypia, sclerosing adenosis, atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and basal cell hyperplasia.

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  • (PMID = 17880526.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0501019
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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37. Millanta F, Calandrella M, Vannozzi I, Poli A: Steroid hormone receptors in normal, dysplastic and neoplastic feline mammary tissues and their prognostic significance. Vet Rec; 2006 Jun 17;158(24):821-4
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  • The expression of oestrogen receptors was significantly higher in healthy tissues and in adenosis than in neoplastic lesions, and the levels of progesterone receptors increased in fibroadenomatous changes and in "in situ" carcinomas but decreased in invasive carcinomas.

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  • (PMID = 16782855.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4900
  • [Journal-full-title] The Veterinary record
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Rec.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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38. Ellis GL: What's new in the AFIP fascicle on salivary gland tumors: a few highlights from the 4th Series Atlas. Head Neck Pathol; 2009 Sep;3(3):225-30
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  • Sialoblastoma has been reclassified as malignant; inflammatory pseudotumor has been reclassified as neoplastic and re-identified as inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor; and sclerosing polycystic adenosis is a new entity among tumor-like conditions.

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  • (PMID = 20596976.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2811626
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39. Arista-Nasr J, Gómez-Bustamante D, Aguilar-Magaña FA, Saqui-Salces M, Martínez-Benítez B: [Histological findings in 100 needle prostatic biopsies and original diagnosis of benignity]. Rev Invest Clin; 2006 Mar-Apr;58(2):88-93
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  • Some lesions that simulate carcinoma, as atypical basal cell hyperplasia, post-atrophic hyperplasia, and adenosis were diagnosed as benign, and there was none false positive result.

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  • (PMID = 16827260.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-8376
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de investigación clínica; organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev. Invest. Clin.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
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40. Saleh F, Abdeen S: Pathobiological features of breast tumours in the State of Kuwait: a comprehensive analysis. J Carcinog; 2007;6:12
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  • [Title] Pathobiological features of breast tumours in the State of Kuwait: a comprehensive analysis.
  • BACKGROUND: Breast cancer accounts for 30.3% of all cancer types in Kuwaiti women.
  • More than half of the cases were in the right breast, and were surgically treated by total mastectomy with axillary clearance.
  • The majority of the tumours had irregular (stellate) margins, was invasive, and had a surrounding breast tissue of adenosis or fibrocystic type.
  • CONCLUSION: Breast cancer in Kuwait seems to be more aggressive than what is currently seen in Europe, North America, Australia, and parts of Asia.

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  • (PMID = 17892570.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-3163
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of carcinogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Carcinog
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2169224
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41. Liu H, Jiang YX, Liu JB, Zhu QL, Sun Q, Chang XY: Contrast-enhanced breast ultrasonography: imaging features with histopathologic correlation. J Ultrasound Med; 2009 Jul;28(7):911-20
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  • [Title] Contrast-enhanced breast ultrasonography: imaging features with histopathologic correlation.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify histopathologic correlates for the varied appearances of breast masses on contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS).
  • Peripheral enhancement corresponded to a DCIS component, hypercellularity or adenosis at the periphery, and low-degree cellularity, degeneration, fibrosis, or necrosis in the center.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Breast mass CEUS findings correlated with histologic features.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases / pathology. Breast Diseases / ultrasonography. Image Enhancement. Ultrasonography, Mammary / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Breast / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Microbubbles. Middle Aged. Sensitivity and Specificity. Software. Sulfur Hexafluoride. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19546333.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-9613
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; WS7LR3I1D6 / Sulfur Hexafluoride
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42. Gozzi G, Martinoli C, Conti GM, Ganzetti A, Bodini M, Fiorentino C, Marini UP, Santini D, Bacigalupo L: Screening mammography interpretation test: more frequent mistakes. Radiol Med; 2005 Mar;109(3):268-79
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  • The 13 cases of benign disease--as established by histology or long-term follow-up--mistaken for malignancies by the test participants were fibrocystic breast disease in 5 cases, surgical scar in 1 case, ABBI scar in 1 case, radial scar in 2 cases, microcalcifications that had remained stable for years in 2 cases, focal sclero-adenosis in 1 case and sclero-elastosis in 1 case.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The errors were due to microcalcifications, benign disease simulating a neoplasm, overlapping tissue, visibility of a lesion in one projection only, lesion site in relation to the corpus mammae, missed areas of asymmetry.
  • Attention must be paid to these signs of focal breast disease since, if correctly evaluated, they enable the early diagnosis of low-grade carcinomas that frequently carry a favourable prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / radiography. Diagnostic Errors. Mammography. Mass Screening. Radiology / standards
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / radiography. Breast Diseases / surgery. Calcinosis / radiography. Carcinoma in Situ / radiography. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / radiography. Cicatrix / surgery. False Negative Reactions. False Positive Reactions. Female. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / radiography. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Observer Variation


43. Montironi R, Mazzucchelli R, Lopez-Beltran A, Cheng L, Scarpelli M: Mechanisms of disease: high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia and other proposed preneoplastic lesions in the prostate. Nat Clin Pract Urol; 2007 Jun;4(6):321-32
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  • Other possible findings in the prostate might indicate premalignant disease (low-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, atrophy, malignancy-associated changes, and atypical adenomatous hyperplasia or adenosis), but the data for these premalignant diseases are much less convincing than those for HGPIN.

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  • (PMID = 17551536.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-4289
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature clinical practice. Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Clin Pract Urol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 78
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44. Uehara T, Onda T, Sasajima Y, Sawada M, Kasamatsu T: A case of vaginal clear cell adenocarcinoma complicated with congenital anomalies of the genitourinary tract and metanephric remnant without prenatal diethylstilbestrol exposure. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2010 Jun;36(3):681-5
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  • Microscopically, vaginal CCA coexisted with adenosis and both metanephric and mesonephric remnants.
  • The vaginal CCA was supposed to derive from coexisting adenosis.
  • The adenosis was also supposed to occur as a congenital basis, together with genitourinary tract anomalies.

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  • (PMID = 20598057.001).
  • [ISSN] 1447-0756
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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45. Bharadwaj G, Nawroz I, O'Regan B: Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2007 Jan;45(1):74-6
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  • [Title] Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland.
  • Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the major salivary glands is rare and can simulate a slow growing tumour.
  • It is pseudoencapsulated and includes tubuloacinar adenosis with dilated ducts, apocrine metaplasia, epithelial hyperplasia, and cystic changes associated with fibrosis.
  • The histological appearance of the lesion is similar to that of fibrocystic disease of the breast.
  • We report a case of sclerosing polycystic adenosis in a 45-year-old white woman.

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  • (PMID = 16054736.001).
  • [ISSN] 0266-4356
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
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46. Popnikolov NK, Cavone SM, Schultz PM, Garcia FU: Diagnostic utility of p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) as a marker of breast myoepithelial cells. Mod Pathol; 2005 Dec;18(12):1535-41
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  • [Title] Diagnostic utility of p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) as a marker of breast myoepithelial cells.
  • We evaluated the low affinity neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) as a marker of breast myoepithelial cells.
  • Immunohistochemical staining for p75NTR was performed on paraffin sections of 122 malignant breast lesions, 28 benign lesions and the adjacent normal breast tissue.
  • The staining pattern was compared to those of myosin heavy chain and p63. p75NTR immunostain was consistently positive and compatible with p63 and myosin immunoreactivity in the myoepithelial cells of the normal mammary gland, benign breast lesions (six usual ductal hyperplasias, six specimens with sclerosing adenosis, eight intraductal papillomas, six fibroadenomas), and carcinoma in situ (18 ductal carcinomas in situ, two noninvasive papillary carcinomas, two lobular carcinomas in situ).
  • Our study shows that p75NTR is a useful marker for breast myoepithelial cells and can be used to rule out invasive disease as well as to evaluate difficult for diagnosis sclerosing lesions.
  • Our data suggest a role of neurotrophins in the development of fibroepithelial breast tumors and some of the breast carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Breast / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Muscle, Smooth / pathology. Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma in Situ / metabolism. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / metabolism. Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / pathology. Carcinoma, Lobular / metabolism. Carcinoma, Lobular / pathology. Female. Fibroadenoma / metabolism. Fibroadenoma / pathology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / metabolism. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Humans. Hyperplasia / metabolism. Hyperplasia / pathology. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Myosin Heavy Chains / metabolism. Papilloma, Intraductal / metabolism. Papilloma, Intraductal / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16258511.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptor, Nerve Growth Factor; EC 3.6.4.1 / Myosin Heavy Chains
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47. Kabat GC, Jones JG, Olson N, Negassa A, Duggan C, Ginsberg M, Kandel RA, Glass AG, Rohan TE: A multi-center prospective cohort study of benign breast disease and risk of subsequent breast cancer. Cancer Causes Control; 2010 Jun;21(6):821-8
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  • [Title] A multi-center prospective cohort study of benign breast disease and risk of subsequent breast cancer.
  • OBJECTIVE: We used a nested case-control design within a large, multi-center cohort of women who underwent a biopsy for benign breast disease (BBD) to assess the association of broad histologic groupings and specific histologic entities with risk of breast cancer.
  • METHODS: Cases were all women who had a biopsy for BBD and who subsequently developed breast cancer; controls were individually matched to cases and were women with a biopsy for BBD who did not develop breast cancer in the same follow-up interval as that for the cases.
  • The presence of multiple foci of columnar cell hyperplasia and of complex fibroadenoma without atypia was associated with a non-significantly increased risk of breast cancer, whereas sclerosing adenosis, radial scar, and papilloma showed no association with risk.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that, compared to women with normal pathology/non-proliferative disease, women with proliferative disease without atypia have a modestly increased risk of breast cancer, whereas women with atypical hyperplasia have a substantially increased risk.

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  • (PMID = 20084540.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-7225
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer causes & control : CCC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Causes Control
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA095661-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095661; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA095661-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA95661-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS190315; NLM/ PMC2873161
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48. Camp EA, Coker AL, Robboy SJ, Noller KL, Goodman KJ, Titus-Ernstoff LT, Hatch EE, Herbst AL, Troisi R, Kaufman RH, Adam E: Breast cancer screening in women exposed in utero to diethylstilbestrol. J Womens Health (Larchmt); 2009 Apr;18(4):547-52
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  • [Title] Breast cancer screening in women exposed in utero to diethylstilbestrol.
  • PURPOSE: To determine if women exposed in utero to diethylstilbestrol (DES) are more likely than unexposed women to receive recommended or additional breast cancer screening examinations.
  • METHODS: 1994 Diethylstilbestrol-Adenosis (DESAD) cohort data are used to assess the degree of recommended compliance of breast cancer screenings found in 3140 DES-exposed and 826 unexposed women.
  • Logistic regression modeling was used to analyze mailed questionnaire data that included reported frequency over the preceding 5 years (1990-1994) of breast-self examinations (BSEs), clinical breast examinations (CBEs), and mammograms.
  • RESULTS: DES-exposed women exceeded annual recommendations for CBEs (aOR 2.20, 95% CI, 1.04-4.67) among women without a history of benign breast disease (BBD) compared with unexposed women.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The majority of DES-exposed women receive breast cancer screenings at least at recommended intervals, but over two thirds do not perform monthly BSEs.

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  • (PMID = 19361323.001).
  • [ISSN] 1931-843X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of women's health (2002)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Womens Health (Larchmt)
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / 1-CP-21166
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Estrogens, Non-Steroidal; 731DCA35BT / Diethylstilbestrol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2857514
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49. Scurry J, van der Putte SC, Pyman J, Chetty N, Szabo R: Mammary-like gland adenoma of the vulva: review of 46 cases. Pathology; 2009;41(4):372-8
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  • Unusual architectural patterns resembled breast lesions such as erosive adenomatosis, sclerosing adenosis and ductal adenoma.
  • Unusual vulvar tumours, which have been previously reported as erosive adenomatosis, sclerosing adenosis, papillary adenofibroma, syringocystadenoma papilliferans, etc., are variants of MLG adenomas.

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  • (PMID = 19404851.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3931
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 46
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50. Sardanelli F, Fausto A, Esseridou A, Di Leo G, Kirchin MA: Gadobenate dimeglumine as a contrast agent for dynamic breast magnetic resonance imaging: effect of higher initial enhancement thresholds on diagnostic performance. Invest Radiol; 2008 Apr;43(4):236-42
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  • [Title] Gadobenate dimeglumine as a contrast agent for dynamic breast magnetic resonance imaging: effect of higher initial enhancement thresholds on diagnostic performance.
  • RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVE: Gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA), a high-relaxivity contrast agent, has been recently proposed for dynamic MR imaging of the breast.
  • The objective of this study was to optimize the diagnostic performance of Gd-BOPTA-enhanced dynamic breast MR imaging by using adjusted initial enhancement thresholds.
  • METHODS: Thirty-four patients with 36 breast lesions (malignant/benign = 28/8) underwent dynamic breast MRI with 0.1 mmol/kg Gd-BOPTA and 120-second time resolution.
  • Three fibroadenomas, 1 adenosis, and 1 fibrosis were false positive with standard thresholds but true negatives with adjusted thresholds.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Meglumine / analogs & derivatives. Organometallic Compounds

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  • (PMID = 18340247.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-9996
  • [Journal-full-title] Investigative radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Invest Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 15G12L5X8K / gadobenic acid; 6HG8UB2MUY / Meglumine
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51. Ding JH, Peng WJ, Jiang ZX, Xu LH, Hu DT, Zheng XJ: [Diagnostic value of full-field digital mammography for breast carcinoma]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2009 Nov;31(11):854-7
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  • [Title] [Diagnostic value of full-field digital mammography for breast carcinoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic value of full-field digital mammography for breast cancer.
  • METHODS: The clinical data and mammograms of 230 patients with breast diseases between January 2008 and July 2008 were collected and reviewed.
  • Three experienced radiologists in breast imaging assessment analyzed and classified all the mammograms according to breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS).
  • RESULTS: Of the 238 samples, 130 had a malignant breast tumors and 108 cases of benign breast lesions.
  • One hundred and nine of the 130 malignant breast tumors were invasive ductal carcinoma.
  • Fifty-seven of the 108 benign breast lesions were breast adenosis.
  • The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of FFDM in detecting breast carcinoma were 90.8%, 87.0% and 89.1%, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: Full-field digital mammography (FFDM) is helpful in detection of breast cancers in women, with a higher sensitivity, specificity and accuracy, and has an important clinical application value.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / diagnosis. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / diagnosis. Mammography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Breast Diseases / diagnosis. Breast Diseases / radiography. Calcinosis / diagnosis. Calcinosis / radiography. Diagnostic Errors. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 20137352.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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52. Strohsnitter WC, Hatch EE, Hyer M, Troisi R, Kaufman RH, Robboy SJ, Palmer JR, Titus-Ernstoff L, Anderson D, Hoover RN, Noller KL: The association between in utero cigarette smoke exposure and age at menopause. Am J Epidemiol; 2008 Mar 15;167(6):727-33
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  • Smoking information was obtained from the mothers of 4,025 participants in the National Cooperative Diethylstilbestrol Adenosis (DESAD) Project, a US study begun in 1975 to examine the health effects of prenatal diethylstilbestrol exposure.

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  • (PMID = 18192675.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-6256
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Epidemiol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01-CP-01288; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01-CP-01290; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01 CP001012; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01-CP-01289; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01-CP-01012-21
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tobacco Smoke Pollution; 731DCA35BT / Diethylstilbestrol
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53. Kurita T, Cunha GR, Robboy SJ, Mills AA, Medina RT: Differential expression of p63 isoforms in female reproductive organs. Mech Dev; 2005 Sep;122(9):1043-55
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  • p63 is the identity switch for uterine/vaginal epithelial cell fate, and disruption of p63 expression by diethylstilbestrol (DES) induces cervical/vaginal adenosis in mice.
  • Finally, to better evaluate the potential role of p63 in human development of DES-induced cervical/vaginal adenosis, we describe the ontogeny of p63 in human female fetuses.
  • In the human fetus at the susceptible stage for DES-induced cervical/vaginal adenosis, most cervical/vaginal epithelial cells were columnar and negative for p63.
  • Therefore, inhibition of p63 expression by DES should change the cell fate of human Müllerian duct epithelial cells and cause cervical/vaginal adenosis as previously demonstrated in mouse.

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  • (PMID = 15922574.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-4773
  • [Journal-full-title] Mechanisms of development
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mech. Dev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Complementary; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / Protein Isoforms; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Trp63 protein, mouse; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 731DCA35BT / Diethylstilbestrol
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54. Meer S, Altini M: Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the buccal mucosa. Head Neck Pathol; 2008 Mar;2(1):31-5
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  • [Title] Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the buccal mucosa.
  • Sclerosing polycystic adenosis (SPA) is a rare lesion of salivary glands with a striking resemblance to fibrocystic disease of the breast.

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  • (PMID = 20614339.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2807607
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Immunohistochemistry / Salivary glands / Sclerosing polycystic adenosis
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55. Ide F, Obara K, Enatsu K, Mishima K, Saito I: Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the oral cavity. J Oral Pathol Med; 2005 Mar;34(3):187-9
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  • A particularly interesting finding is the cytoplasmic accumulation of eosinophilic hyaline granules in carcinoma cells, similar to aberrant zymogen-like granules previously described in salivary sclerosing polycystic adenosis.

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  • (PMID = 15689234.001).
  • [ISSN] 0904-2512
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral pathology & medicine : official publication of the International Association of Oral Pathologists and the American Academy of Oral Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Pathol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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56. Dordević M, Jovanović B, Mitrović S, Dordević G: Ectopic mammary tissue in vulva. Vojnosanit Pregl; 2008 May;65(5):407-9
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  • Pathohistologic (PH) findings was: Dysplasia fibrosa cystica simplex mammae, with focuses of sclerosing adenosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Ectopic mammary tissue in vulva in adult period is very rarely seen, and can be changed pathologically as well as normally positioned breast tissue into benign cystic changes, benign tumors, adenomas and fibroadenomas and tumors.

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  • (PMID = 18630137.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-8450
  • [Journal-full-title] Vojnosanitetski pregled
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vojnosanit Pregl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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57. Manfrin E, Mariotto R, Remo A, Reghellin D, Falsirollo F, Dalfior D, Bricolo P, Piazzola E, Bonetti F: Benign breast lesions at risk of developing cancer--a challenging problem in breast cancer screening programs: five years' experience of the Breast Cancer Screening Program in Verona (1999-2004). Cancer; 2009 Feb 1;115(3):499-507
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  • [Title] Benign breast lesions at risk of developing cancer--a challenging problem in breast cancer screening programs: five years' experience of the Breast Cancer Screening Program in Verona (1999-2004).
  • BACKGROUND: Cytology and core-needle biopsies are not always sufficient to exclude malignancy in benign breast lesions (BBL) that are at risk of developing cancer, and open biopsy often is mandatory.
  • The authors of this report evaluated the impact of the screen-detected BBL at risk of developing cancer that were counted in the quota of benign breast open biopsies in the Breast Cancer Screening Program of Verona.
  • METHODS: Benign open biopsies were subdivided into 4 groups according to their risk of developing cancer: Histo1, normal histology; Histo2, 'pure' BBL (fibroadenoma, fibrocystic disease, mastitis, adenosis); Histo3, BBL with a low risk of developing cancer (radial scar, papilloma, papillomatosis, phyllodes tumor, mucocele-like lesion); and Histo4, BBL with a high risk of developing cancer (atypical columnar cell hyperplasia, atypical ductal hyperplasia, atypical lobular hyperplasia).
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy / methods. Breast Diseases / complications. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis


58. Wells CA, El-Ayat GA: Non-operative breast pathology: apocrine lesions. J Clin Pathol; 2007 Dec;60(12):1313-20
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  • [Title] Non-operative breast pathology: apocrine lesions.
  • Apocrine metaplasia is a very common finding in the female breast after the age of 25.
  • It is so common that many people regard it as a normal component of the breast.
  • The apocrine cell does, however, contribute to a number of different breast lesions, some of which are very taxing diagnostically; apocrine variants of both in-situ and invasive cancer are encountered.
  • This review considers the common apocrine metaplastic lesions seen in fibrocystic change as well as apocrine adenoma, apocrine change within sclerosing adenosis, atypical apocrine lesions and apocrine malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Apocrine Glands / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / pathology. Biopsy. Breast / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Female. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Humans. Hyperplasia / pathology. Metaplasia / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 18042688.001).
  • [ISSN] 1472-4146
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 62
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2095572
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59. Aydin H, Zhou M, Herawi M, Epstein JI: Number and location of nucleoli and presence of apoptotic bodies in diagnostically challenging cases of prostate adenocarcinoma on needle biopsy. Hum Pathol; 2005 Nov;36(11):1172-7
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  • For comparison, the same parameters were evaluated in mimickers of cancer on needle biopsy from other cases, including partial atrophy (n = 135), fully developed atrophy (n = 89), adenosis (n = 50), prostate glands with acute inflammation (n = 50), and high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (n = 100).

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  • (PMID = 16260270.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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61. Da Silva L, Buck L, Simpson PT, Reid L, McCallum N, Madigan BJ, Lakhani SR: Molecular and morphological analysis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast with synchronous tubular adenosis. Virchows Arch; 2009 Jan;454(1):107-14
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  • [Title] Molecular and morphological analysis of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the breast with synchronous tubular adenosis.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the breast is a rare tumour.
  • Its recognition as a special type of breast carcinoma is very important because its prognosis is better than the not-otherwise-specified invasive ductal carcinoma and its treatment may not include axillary dissection.
  • Tubular adenosis (TA) is a very rare condition of the breast that is histologically benign; however, it has been described in association with invasive ductal carcinoma.
  • There are scant data regarding the molecular genomic alterations in ACC of the breast and no data has been presented on TA.
  • Herein, we provide a morphological characterisation of TA arising synchronically with ACC in the breast.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / complications. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / complications. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / complications. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Actins / metabolism. Breast / metabolism. Breast / pathology. Cell Proliferation. DNA, Neoplasm. Female. Genomic Instability / genetics. Humans. Keratin-19 / metabolism. Keratin-7 / metabolism. Middle Aged. S100 Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19031084.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Keratin-19; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / S100 Proteins
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62. Facina G, Lopes-Costa PV, Dos Santos AR, De Vasconcelos-Valença RJ, Pinho-Sobral AL, Ferreira-Filho CP, Alencar AP, Gebrim LH, Da Silva BB: Immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin in sclerosing adenosis, ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast. Diagn Cytopathol; 2010 Apr;38(4):235-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunohistochemical expression of E-cadherin in sclerosing adenosis, ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast.
  • E-cadherin (EC) is an important glycoprotein cell-adhesion molecule that appears to play a significant role in the progression of breast lesions.
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate EC expression in sclerosing adenosis, ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive ductal carcinoma.
  • Samples of breast lesions from 44 women were used in this study, comprising cases of sclerosing adenosis (n = 11), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (n = 10) and invasive ductal carcinoma (n = 23).
  • This difference was statistically significant when sclerosing adenosis was compared with DCIS (P < 0.0002), when sclerosing adenosis was compared with invasive ductal carcinoma (P < 0.008) and when DCIS was compared with invasive ductal carcinoma (P < 0.007).
  • The present findings point to a significant association between reduced EC expression and the progression and aggressivity of breast lesions. Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Cadherins / metabolism. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / metabolism. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / metabolism. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19790246.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDH1 protein, human; 0 / Cadherins
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63. Mano MS, Kerr J, Kennedy J: Management of breast cancer in patients prenatally exposed to diethylstilbestrol: are we prepared? Breast; 2005 Oct;14(5):408-10
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  • [Title] Management of breast cancer in patients prenatally exposed to diethylstilbestrol: are we prepared?
  • The use of diethylstilbestrol (DES) for high risk pregnancy has exposed millions of mothers to an increased risk of breast cancer, and also resulted in a generation of women with genital tract abnormalities, such as vaginal adenosis.
  • It is still too early to say that exposure to DES will also result in an increased risk of breast cancer in the offspring, though there is some preliminary evidence to support this.
  • The employment of optimal hormonal therapy (for breast cancer) in this special population may be hampered by the fact that agents with oestrogen agonistic activity (such as tamoxifen) may be contraindicated.
  • Finally, the prevalence prenatal exposure to DES may have been underestimated patients diagnosed with breast cancer, though this information might have major implications in their management.
  • We report on the interesting example of a young woman with a history of vaginal adenosis, who was also diagnosed with early breast cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / adverse effects. Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy. Diethylstilbestrol / adverse effects. Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects. Vaginal Diseases / chemically induced

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  • (PMID = 16216745.001).
  • [ISSN] 0960-9776
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; 731DCA35BT / Diethylstilbestrol
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64. Fine SW, Chan TY, Epstein JI: Inverted papillomas of the prostatic urethra. Am J Surg Pathol; 2006 Aug;30(8):975-9
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  • Eleven cases with prostatic tissue revealed adenocarcinoma of the prostate [n = 6; Gleason score 6 (n = 3) or 7 (n = 3)], high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (n = 1), benign prostatic hypertrophy (n = 3), or adenosis (n = 1).

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  • (PMID = 16861968.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Khalifeh IM, Albarracin C, Diaz LK, Symmans FW, Edgerton ME, Hwang RF, Sneige N: Clinical, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical features of microglandular adenosis and transition into in situ and invasive carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Apr;32(4):544-52
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  • [Title] Clinical, histopathologic, and immunohistochemical features of microglandular adenosis and transition into in situ and invasive carcinoma.
  • Microglandular adenosis (MGA) of the breast is widely known as a benign lesion that can mimic invasive carcinoma.
  • Eleven out of 65 cases qualified to have an MGA component; myoepithelial layer was detected in the remaining 54 cases and were classified as adenosis.
  • Although all the MGACA cases were triple negative and express EGFR (basal-like features), all the cases in our study showed a luminal type of differentiation by CK8/18 expression, indicating that MGACA may not fit well into the current proposed molecular classification of breast cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Immunohistochemistry. Precancerous Conditions / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18300793.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Actins; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 0 / S100 Proteins; 0 / TP53 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 2.7.10.1 / EGFR protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / ERBB2 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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66. Lopez-Beltran A, Qian J, Montironi R, Luque RJ, Bostwick DG: Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (adenosis) of the prostate: DNA ploidy analysis and immunophenotype. Int J Surg Pathol; 2005 Apr;13(2):167-73
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  • [Title] Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (adenosis) of the prostate: DNA ploidy analysis and immunophenotype.

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  • (PMID = 15864380.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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67. Shui R, Yang W: Invasive breast carcinoma arising in microglandular adenosis: a case report and review of the literature. Breast J; 2009 Nov-Dec;15(6):653-6
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  • [Title] Invasive breast carcinoma arising in microglandular adenosis: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Microglandular adenosis of the breast is an extremely rare, benign lesion.
  • Carcinoma arising in microglandular adenosis has been reported in up to 27% of patients with microglandular adenosis.
  • We reported a case of invasive carcinoma arising in microglandular adenosis.
  • A lumpectomy was performed on a 42-year-old female because of a mass in the right breast.
  • Histologically, this case was consistent with carcinoma arising in microglandular adenosis and showed clear transition from microglandular adenosis through atypical microglandular adenosis to in situ and invasive carcinoma.
  • Periodic acid-Schiff staining showed the presence of a basement membrane in microglandular adenosis, atypical microglandular adenosis, in situ carcinoma and the absence in invasive carcinoma.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of carcinoma arising in microglandular adenosis in China.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology


68. Geyer FC, Kushner YB, Lambros MB, Natrajan R, Mackay A, Tamber N, Fenwick K, Purnell D, Ashworth A, Walker RA, Reis-Filho JS: Microglandular adenosis or microglandular adenoma? A molecular genetic analysis of a case associated with atypia and invasive carcinoma. Histopathology; 2009 Dec;55(6):732-43
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  • [Title] Microglandular adenosis or microglandular adenoma? A molecular genetic analysis of a case associated with atypia and invasive carcinoma.
  • AIMS: Microglandular adenosis (MGA) is a rare breast lesion, which has long been considered to be hyperplastic.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Similar to adenomas, MGA is, at least in some cases, a clonal lesion and may be a non-obligate precursor of a subgroup of high-grade triple-negative and basal-like breast carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / genetics. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Breast Neoplasms / genetics. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / genetics. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / diagnosis. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19922592.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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69. Ashbeck EL, Rosenberg RD, Stauber PM, Key CR: Benign breast biopsy diagnosis and subsequent risk of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2007 Mar;16(3):467-72
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  • [Title] Benign breast biopsy diagnosis and subsequent risk of breast cancer.
  • BACKGROUND: We examine benign breast biopsy diagnoses as reported by community pathologists in New Mexico and investigate associations with future breast cancer development.
  • METHODS: Using data collected between 1992 and 2000 by the New Mexico Mammography Project and cancer data through 2003 from the New Mexico Tumor Registry, we calculated breast cancer rates following 14,602 benign breast biopsies for women ages 30 to 89 years.
  • For comparison, we also calculated the breast cancer rate following 215,283 normal screening mammograms.
  • RESULTS: We identified 480 subsequent breast cancer diagnoses among 14,602 women with benign breast biopsies and 4,402 breast cancer diagnoses among 215,283 women with mammograms assigned a "negative" or "benign finding" assessment.
  • Among low-risk histologic diagnoses, the strongest associations with subsequent breast cancer development included adenosis, apocrine metaplasia, calcifications, and ductal hyperplasia.
  • Fibroadenoma, inflammation, and cysts did not exhibit an association with breast cancer development.
  • Women with low-risk diagnoses and breast tissue characterized as fatty or with scattered densities had a HR of 2.09 (95% CI, 1.68-2.60), whereas women with low-risk histologic diagnoses and dense breasts had a HR of 3.36 (95% CI, 2.83-3.99).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The observed breast cancer occurrence contributes to evidence of increased risk following benign biopsy.
  • The risk associated with histologic diagnoses in absence of atypia was twice the risk experienced by women with normal mammogram evaluations and may be modified by breast density.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Risk

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  • (PMID = 17337650.001).
  • [ISSN] 1055-9965
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5 U01 CA69976
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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70. He Q, Fan X, Guan Y, Tian J, Fan Z, Zheng L: Percutaneous excisional biopsy of impalpable breast lesions under ultrasound visualization. Breast; 2008 Dec;17(6):666-70
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  • [Title] Percutaneous excisional biopsy of impalpable breast lesions under ultrasound visualization.
  • Within the last ten years, the development of innovative minimally invasive breast biopsy technologies has made a significant impact on the diagnostic evaluation of impalpable breast lesions.
  • The minimally invasive biopsies for 143 impalpable breast lesions in 86 patients were performed using the B-ultrasound-guided 8-gauge vacuum-assisted Mammotome system at Jinan Military General Hospital.
  • One hundred and forty-three breast lesions in 86 patients were excised completely using this method.
  • One hundred and twenty-one lesions were diagnosed as fibroadenoma, nineteen lesions as breast adenosis, one lesion as invasive breast cancer, and two lesions as ductal carcinoma in situ.
  • The results suggest that the B-ultrasound-guided Mammotome system may be an efficient tool for the diagnosis and treatment of impalpable breast lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases / pathology. Breast Diseases / ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy / instrumentation. Biopsy / methods. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Female. Fibroadenoma / pathology. Fibroadenoma / ultrasonography. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / ultrasonography. Humans. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Ultrasonography, Mammary. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 18835778.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-3080
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast (Edinburgh, Scotland)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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71. Vamre TB, Stalsberg H, Thomas DB, WHO Collaborative Study of Neoplasia and Steroid Contraceptives: Extra-tumoral breast tissue in breast cancer patients: variations with steroid contraceptive use. Int J Cancer; 2006 Jun 1;118(11):2827-31
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  • [Title] Extra-tumoral breast tissue in breast cancer patients: variations with steroid contraceptive use.
  • The association between oral contraceptive (OC) use and benign breast changes in extra-tumoral breast tissue was studied histologically in 1,503 breast cancer patients from The WHO Collaborative Study of Neoplasia and Steroid Contraceptives.
  • The occurrence of ductal hyperplasia, ductal atypia, sclerosing adenosis, cysts, apocrine metaplasia, apocrine hyperplasia, apocrine atypia, adenosis, lobular atypia, duct ectasia, calcifications, inflammatory reaction, lactational metaplasia and a high epithelial-stromal ratio was graded semi-quantitatively.
  • Our results show that the effects of OC use on ductal hyperplasia in non-neoplastic breast tissue of breast cancer patients are similar to what others have found in patients with benign breast disease only.
  • The increased prevalence of extra-tumoral ductal carcinoma in situ in breast cancer patients who started OC use at high age may possibly be explained by a longer preinvasive phase in these patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases / etiology. Breast Neoplasms / complications. Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / etiology. Contraceptives, Oral / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 16380999.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCIPC CDC HHS / CE / NICHD-CE-84-16
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contraceptives, Oral
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72. Uro-Coste E: [2009 update in salivary gland tumoral pathology]. Ann Pathol; 2009 Sep;29(4):274-85
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  • Newly recognized entities are summarized with special interest on differential diagnosis pitfalls: oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinoma, sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia, sclerosing polycystic adenosis, lymphadenoma, lipoadenoma, newly recognized morphological variants of epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma, cribriform adenocarcinoma of the tongue, signet ring adenocarcinoma of minor salivary gland.


73. Li J, Yang SJ, Zhao XL, Zhang YQ, Li KN, Cui JH, Li J: [Significant increase of glucose transport activity in breast cancer]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2008 Feb;37(2):103-8
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  • [Title] [Significant increase of glucose transport activity in breast cancer].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the expression level and significance of glucose transporter 1 (Glut-1) in normal breast tissue, adenosis, adenoma and breast carcinoma.
  • METHODS: A total of 147 cases of female breast tissue samples, including 92 cases of invasive ductal carcinoma, 26 cases of breast fibroadenoma, 24 cases of breast adenosis and 5 cases of normal breast tissues, were collected for quantitative detection of the expression of Glut-1 protein by immunohistochemistry (EnVision method) and Western blot, and its mRNA by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
  • RESULTS: In normal breast tissue and benign lesions of the breast, Glut-1 was undetectable or only weakly detectable in cytoplasm of ductal and acinar epithelia.
  • Western blot and RT-PCR analyses showed that the expression of Glut-1 protein and mRNA were significantly increased in invasive ductal carcinoma than fibroadenoma (P =0.001 for protein; P <0.05 for mRNA) and adenosis (P =0.001 for protein; P < 0.05 for mRNA).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Glucose transport activity, as indicated by Glut-1 protein and its mRNA expression, significantly increases in breast carcinoma than non-cancerous lesions.
  • The over-expression of Glut-1 in breast carcinoma is tightly coupled with tumor cell proliferation, invasion and metastasis, implying that Glut-1 may serve as a new marker in the early diagnosis and prognostication of breast malignancy as well as a new therapeutic target.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Glucose / physiology. Glucose Transporter Type 1 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18681321.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glucose Transport Proteins, Facilitative; 0 / Glucose Transporter Type 1; IY9XDZ35W2 / Glucose
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74. Perottino F, Barnoud R, Ambrun A, Poupart M, Pignat JC, Merrot O: Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland: diagnosis and management. Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis; 2010 Mar;127(1):20-2
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  • [Title] Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland: diagnosis and management.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe diagnostic and therapeutic management of a rare parotid lesion: sclerosing polycystic adenosis.
  • Conservative subtotal parotidectomy diagnosed sclerosing polycystic adenosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland is a rare and recently described entity presenting several analogies to the much more frequent cystic mastitis.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
  • (PMID = 20822751.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-730X
  • [Journal-full-title] European annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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75. Pojchamarnwiputh S, Muttarak M, Na-Chiangmai W, Chaiwun B: Benign breast lesions mimicking carcinoma at mammography. Singapore Med J; 2007 Oct;48(10):958-68
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  • [Title] Benign breast lesions mimicking carcinoma at mammography.
  • Many benign breast lesions pose diagnostic challenges.
  • These lesions include abscess, haematoma, radial scar, post surgical scar, diabetic mastopathy, focal fibrosis, sclerosing adenosis, granular cell tumour, extra-abdominal desmoid tumour, medial insertion of pectoralis muscle and sternalis muscle, and axillary lymphadenopathy (due to HIV infection, collagen vascular lesions, tuberculous and bacterial lymphadenitis).
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases. Mammography. Ultrasonography, Mammary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Needle. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / radiography. Breast Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma / radiography. Carcinoma / ultrasonography. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Histocytochemistry. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17909685.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-5675
  • [Journal-full-title] Singapore medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Singapore Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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76. Xu XZ, Wang J, Wang ZZ, Zhang BL, Zhang HT, Wang X, Wei YH, Zhang BN: [A comparison of localization by ductoscopy-guided wire and conventional methods in terminal duct excision for women with pathological nipple discharge]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2008 Mar;30(3):234-6
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  • METHODS: Breast terminal duct excision were performed in 174 consecutive patients with intraductal lesions diagnosed by mammary ductoscopy.
  • None of them developed a postoperative breast distortion.
  • In the conventional method localization group, there were 96 intraductal papilloma, 6 duct carcinoma in situ and 4 adenosis.
  • Twenty-six patients had a deformed breast postoperatively.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / pathology. Endoscopy / methods. Papilloma, Intraductal / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18756945.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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77. Wang X, Zhao T, Zhao JJ, Xiong JB: [BRCA1 selectively regulates the expression of progesterone receptor A in sporadic invasive ductal breast carcinoma]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2010 May 25;90(20):1399-402
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  • [Title] [BRCA1 selectively regulates the expression of progesterone receptor A in sporadic invasive ductal breast carcinoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression level of BRCA1, progesterone receptor A (PRA) and B (PRB) in tissue of sporadic invasive ductal breast carcinoma and further statistically analyze the BRCA1 effects on the expression rates of PRA and PRB.
  • METHODS: Sixty-eight cases of adenosis of breast and sporadic invasive ductal breast carcinoma were selected.
  • Wilcoxon two-sample test was used to analyze the differential expression of BRCA1 between adenosis and sporadic invasive ductal breast carcinoma.
  • (1) In invasive sporadic ductal breast carcinoma, the positive rate of BRCA1 expression of 60.29% (41/68) was lower than the positive rate of BRCA1 expression at 85.30% (58/68) in adenosis of breast.
  • (2) In invasive sporadic ductal breast carcinoma, the positive rate of PRA expression for negative BRCA1 expression samples was 81.48% (22/27) and it was higher than the positive rate of PRA expression at 53.66% (22/47) for positive BRCA1 expression samples.
  • It indicated that the expression of BRCA1 affected the expression rate of PRA; In invasive sporadic ductal breast carcinoma, the PRB expression rates between positive and negative BRCA1 expression samples were not statistically significant (P > 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: In sporadic breast carcinoma, a negative expression of BRCA1 is selectively associated with a higher expression rate of PRA rather than PRB.
  • Thus BRCA1 selectively regulates the expression of PRA in sporadic breast carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] BRCA1 Protein / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / metabolism. Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism


78. Bratthauer GL, Saenger JS, Strauss BL: Antibodies targeting p63 react specifically in the cytoplasm of breast epithelial cells exhibiting secretory differentiation. Histopathology; 2005 Dec;47(6):611-6
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  • [Title] Antibodies targeting p63 react specifically in the cytoplasm of breast epithelial cells exhibiting secretory differentiation.
  • AIMS: The nuclear detection of p63 in myoepithelial cells of the breast has been useful in identifying possibly invasive carcinomas.
  • The aim was to determine whether this reaction is specific for p63 and indicative of all breast secretory cells.
  • METHODS: Thirty breast specimens were tested immunohistochemically for p63 protein.
  • These included seven with benign secretory changes, 10 secretory carcinomas (nine invasive), one microglandular adenosis, three lobular neoplasias, four invasive ductal carcinomas, three clear cell carcinomas, one squamous cell carcinoma and one mucinous carcinoma.
  • The detection of p63 protein continues to have considerable value for the identification of myoepithelial cells and thus the determination of invasion, but will also have value in the determination of secretory carcinomas of the breast and in understanding their development.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies / metabolism. Breast / cytology. Breast / metabolism. Cell Differentiation. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Phosphoproteins. Trans-Activators
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / metabolism. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma / chemistry. Carcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / metabolism. Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / pathology. Carcinoma, Lobular / metabolism. Carcinoma, Lobular / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Cytoplasm / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins. Epithelial Cells / cytology. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Female. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / metabolism. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Transcription Factors. Tumor Suppressor Proteins

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  • (PMID = 16324199.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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81. Brujan I, Mărgăritescu C, Simionescu C, Pirici D, Fronie A, Foarfă C, Stepan A, Vrabete M: Cathepsin-D expression in breast lesion: an immunohistochemical study. Rom J Morphol Embryol; 2009;50(1):31-9
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  • [Title] Cathepsin-D expression in breast lesion: an immunohistochemical study.
  • The aim of our study was to compare the expression of CathD in most common breast tumors and tumor-like breast lesions.
  • The study includes 21 patients with histologically verified breast lesions (adenosis, ductal hyperplasia, fibroadenomas, and different types of invasive carcinoma).
  • We investigated the cathepsin-D expression in these breast lesions using immunohistochemistry (IH; paraffin-embedded tissues).
  • The immunostaining was more obvious in breast invasive carcinomas and macrophages.
  • Adenosis had the maximum area/signal intensity from all studied breast benign lesions (p<0.001, Student t-test).
  • These results suggest that CathD expression was strongest in malignant than in benign breast disease, the positivity being present in both epithelial neoplastic and stromal cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases / enzymology. Breast Neoplasms / enzymology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / enzymology. Cathepsin D / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Breast / enzymology. Breast / pathology. Carcinoma / enzymology. Carcinoma / pathology. Female. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / enzymology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Humans. Hyperplasia / enzymology. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Invasiveness

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  • (PMID = 19221643.001).
  • [ISSN] 1220-0522
  • [Journal-full-title] Romanian journal of morphology and embryology = Revue roumaine de morphologie et embryologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rom J Morphol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Romania
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.4.23.5 / Cathepsin D
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82. González Gleason A, Vera Gaspar D, López Castañares C: [Vaginal adenosis and vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia: a review of the literature and a case report]. Ginecol Obstet Mex; 2009 Jul;77(7):329-34
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  • [Title] [Vaginal adenosis and vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia: a review of the literature and a case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenosis vaginal y neoplasia intraepitelial de vagina: revisión de la bibliografia y reporte de un caso.
  • Vaginal adenosis is an uncommon pathology, characterized by the presence of cylindrical epithelium in the vagina.
  • This paper aims at reviewing the literature on vaginal adenosis, vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia and their possible treatments.
  • In addition, the paper reports on a case of vaginal adenosis in a young female patient with concomitant VAIN 2, the CO2 laser ablation performed, and the short-term results obtained.

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  • (PMID = 19681363.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9041
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginecología y obstetricia de México
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginecol Obstet Mex
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Mexico
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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83. Paczos TA, Ackers S, Odunsi K, Lele S, Mhawech-Fauceglia P: Primary vaginal adenocarcinoma arising in vaginal adenosis after CO2 laser vaporization and 5-fluorouracil therapy. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2010 Mar;29(2):193-6
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  • [Title] Primary vaginal adenocarcinoma arising in vaginal adenosis after CO2 laser vaporization and 5-fluorouracil therapy.
  • The vaginectomy specimen showed residual adenocarcinoma associated with VAIN-III and extensive vaginal adenosis with free resection margins.
  • This is the second reported case in the literature of adenocarcinoma arising in vaginal adenosis after 5-fluorouracil.
  • Herein, we highlight these important findings and shed some light on the pathogenesis of vaginal adenosis and the subsequent development of vaginal adenocarcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 20173507.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / T32 CA108456
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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84. Charfi S, Sevestre H, Dumont F, Regimbeau JM, Chatelain D: Atypical apocrine proliferation involving anogenital mammary-like glands of the perianal region. J Cutan Pathol; 2009 Oct;36 Suppl 1:52-5
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  • Anogenital mammary-like glands (MLGs) are a normal constituent of the anogenital area showing similarities to breast glands.
  • Histopathological examination of the excised lesion showed atypical apocrine proliferation arising in a complex lesion with features of fibroadenoma, adenosis and hyperplastic and cystic change.

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  • (PMID = 19775395.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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85. Eliahou R, Sella T, Allweis T, Samet Y, Libson E, Sklair-Levy M: Magnetic resonance-guided interventional procedures of the breast: initial experience. Isr Med Assoc J; 2009 May;11(5):275-9
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  • [Title] Magnetic resonance-guided interventional procedures of the breast: initial experience.
  • BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging of the breast has emerged as a valuable imaging tool in addition to conventional imaging modalities.
  • OBJECTIVES: To evaluate our initial clinical experience with MR-guided core needle breast biopsy and MR-guided needle localization.
  • Other benign findings were sclerosing adenosis, pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia, fat necrosis, intraductal papilloma, fibroadenoma, capillary hemangioma, and florid ductal hyperplasia.
  • CONCLUSIONS: MR-guided interventional procedures of the breast are accurate, safe and feasible methods for sampling breast lesions detected only by MR and have become a significant tool in the management of certain patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Needle / methods. Breast Diseases / diagnosis. Breast Diseases / pathology. Breast Diseases / ultrasonography. Female. Gadolinium. Humans. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 19637504.001).
  • [ISSN] 1565-1088
  • [Journal-full-title] The Israel Medical Association journal : IMAJ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Isr. Med. Assoc. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Israel
  • [Chemical-registry-number] AU0V1LM3JT / Gadolinium
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86. Shin SJ, Simpson PT, Da Silva L, Jayanthan J, Reid L, Lakhani SR, Rosen PP: Molecular evidence for progression of microglandular adenosis (MGA) to invasive carcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Apr;33(4):496-504
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  • [Title] Molecular evidence for progression of microglandular adenosis (MGA) to invasive carcinoma.
  • Microglandular adenosis (MGA) is an uncommon, benign breast lesion that is characterized by a proliferation of small uniform, round glands lined by a single layer of epithelial cells around open lumina with haphazard infiltrative growth in fibrous and fatty breast tissue.
  • Such widespread genetic changes, together with recurrent loss of 5q and gain of 8q were reminiscent of those reported specifically for basal-like, estrogen receptor-negative, and BRCA1-associated breast tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / pathology. Chromosome Aberrations. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19047897.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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87. Strohsnitter WC, Noller KL, Titus-Ernstoff L, Troisi R, Hatch EE, Poole C, Glynn RJ, Hsieh CC: Breast cancer incidence in women prenatally exposed to maternal cigarette smoke. Epidemiology; 2005 May;16(3):342-5
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  • [Title] Breast cancer incidence in women prenatally exposed to maternal cigarette smoke.
  • Women prenatally exposed to maternal cigarette smoke may, therefore, have a lower breast cancer risk because the fetal mammary gland's exposure to maternal estrogen is decreased.
  • Associations between prenatal maternal cigarette smoke exposure and breast cancer, however, have not been observed in previous case-control studies that relied on exposure assessment after the onset of cancer.
  • METHODS: The National Cooperative DES Adenosis project was a follow-up study of health outcomes in women prenatally exposed to diethylstilbestrol (DES).
  • In the current study, the breast cancer rates are compared among 4031 women who were or were not prenatally exposed to maternal cigarette smoke.
  • The resultant relative rate (RR) is adjusted for potential confounding by other breast cancer risk factors using Poisson regression modeling.
  • RESULTS: Fetal exposure to maternal cigarette smoke appeared to be inversely associated with breast cancer incidence (RR = 0.49; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.24-1.03).
  • CONCLUSION: These results support the hypothesis that in utero exposure to maternal cigarette smoke reduces breast cancer incidence.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control. Maternal-Fetal Exchange. Smoking

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  • (PMID = 15824550.001).
  • [ISSN] 1044-3983
  • [Journal-full-title] Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epidemiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 88891; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01 CP 01012-21; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01 CP 01288; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01 CP 01289; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CP / N01 CP 01290; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P30 ES 10126
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Zografos GC, Zagouri F, Sergentanis TN, Panou M, Dardamanis D, Giannakopoulou G, Filippakis GM, Papadimitriou G, Stamouli S: Psychiatric disorder associated with vacuum-assisted breast biopsy clip placement: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2008;2:332
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  • [Title] Psychiatric disorder associated with vacuum-assisted breast biopsy clip placement: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Vacuum-assisted breast biopsy is a minimally invasive technique that has been used increasingly in the treatment of mammographically detected, non-palpable breast lesions.
  • Clip placement at the biopsy site is standard practice after vacuum-assisted breast biopsy.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 62-year-old woman with suspicious microcalcifications in her left breast.
  • The patient was informed about vacuum-assisted breast biopsy, including clip placement.
  • Subsequently, the patient underwent vacuum-assisted breast biopsy (11 G) under local anesthesia.
  • The pathological diagnosis was of sclerosing adenosis.
  • At the 6-month mammographic follow-up, the radiologist mentioned the existence of the metallic clip in her breast.
  • Subsequently, the woman presented complaining about "being spied [upon] by an implanted clip in [her] breast" and repeatedly requested the removal of the clip.
  • The patient was referred to the specialized psychiatrist of our breast unit for evaluation.
  • CONCLUSION: This is the first report of a psychiatric disorder being brought to the fore using a vacuum-assisted breast biopsy clip.
  • Vacuum-assisted breast biopsy, and breast biopsy in general, represent a significant experience, encompassing anxiety and pain; it may thus aggravate psychiatric conditions.
  • In a modern breast unit, the evaluation of patients should be multidisciplinary.

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  • (PMID = 18928549.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2579921
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89. El Aouni N, Balleyguier C, Mansouri D, Mathieu MC, Suciu V, Delaloge S, Vielh P: Adenosis tumor of the breast: cytological and radiological features of a case confirmed by histology. Diagn Cytopathol; 2008 Jul;36(7):496-8
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  • [Title] Adenosis tumor of the breast: cytological and radiological features of a case confirmed by histology.
  • We report the case of a 63-year-old woman who presented with a right breast lump detected by screening mammography.
  • A core needle biopsy performed to rule out a breast cancer revealed an adenosis tumor of the breast.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Breast / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Breast Neoplasms / radiography. Breast Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Female. Humans. Mammography. Middle Aged. Ultrasonography, Mammary

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18528894.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Ramos Soler D, Mayordomo Aranda E, Calatayud Blas A, Rubio Briones J, Solsona Narbón E, Llombart Bosch A: [Usefulness of bcl-2 expression as a new basal cell marker in prostatic pathology]. Actas Urol Esp; 2006 Apr;30(4):345-52
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  • Likewise, the presence of basal cells in areas of atrophy, hyperplasia, adenosis, and high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia (PIN) was also examined.
  • Within the areas of adenosis and PIN a discontinuous pattern of basal cell expression was found in some cases.

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  • (PMID = 16838605.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CK-34 beta E12; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; EC 5.1.- / Racemases and Epimerases; EC 5.1.99.4 / alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase
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91. Heywang-Köbrunner SH, Heinig A, Hellerhoff K, Holzhausen HJ, Nährig J: Use of ultrasound-guided percutaneous vacuum-assisted breast biopsy for selected difficult indications. Breast J; 2009 Jul-Aug;15(4):348-56
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  • [Title] Use of ultrasound-guided percutaneous vacuum-assisted breast biopsy for selected difficult indications.
  • In four of the cases preceding core biopsy was inconclusive. four invasive carcinomas, two ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), three papillomas, six fibroadenomas, one adenosis tumor, one hamartoma, 10 complex cysts, 16 benign changes, three fat necroses, two granulomas, three unspecific inflammatory changes are verified.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast / pathology. Breast Diseases / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy / methods. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / radiography. Breast Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Female. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / radiography. Humans. Necrosis. Organ Size. Ultrasonography / methods. Vacuum

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  • (PMID = 19500104.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4741
  • [Journal-full-title] The breast journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Hilson JB, Schnitt SJ, Collins LC: Phenotypic alterations in myoepithelial cells associated with benign sclerosing lesions of the breast. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Jun;34(6):896-900
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  • [Title] Phenotypic alterations in myoepithelial cells associated with benign sclerosing lesions of the breast.
  • Myoepithelial cells are also present around entrapped glandular spaces in benign sclerosing lesions of the breast, but the immunophenotype of these myoepithelial cells has not been characterized.
  • When compared with normal breast ducts and lobules on the same slide, myoepithelial cells associated with benign sclerosing lesions showed reduced expression of cytokeratin 5/6 in 31.8% of cases, smooth muscle myosin heavy chain in 20.9%, CD10 in 15.2%, p63 in 9.3%, and calponin in 6.4%.
  • The proportion of radial scars/complex sclerosing lesions and sclerosing adenosis with reduced expression was significantly different for CD10 (26.9% and 0% respectively; P=0.01) and p63 (17.4% and 0% respectively; P=0.05).
  • We conclude that myoepithelial cells associated with benign sclerosing lesions of the breast may show immunophenotypic differences from normal myoepithelial cells.
  • This needs to be taken into consideration when selecting myoepithelial markers to help distinguish benign sclerosing lesions from invasive breast cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Diseases / metabolism. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Myocytes, Smooth Muscle / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20463570.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
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93. Ben Hassouna J, Damak T, Ben Slama A, Chargui R, Ben Dhiab T, Khomsi F, Gamoud A, Boussen H, Rahal K: Breast carcinoma arising within fibroadenomas. Report of four observations. Tunis Med; 2007 Oct;85(10):891-5
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  • [Title] Breast carcinoma arising within fibroadenomas. Report of four observations.
  • BACKGROUND: Fibroadenoma is a frequent benign breast tumor affecting young woman.
  • AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of patients with breast carcinoma arising within adenofibroma and to determine the clinical characteristics and the prognosis of this rare entity.
  • In two cases, fibroadenomas was complex, containing cysts, adenosis and apocrine metaplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenofibroma / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Breast Cyst / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Carcinoma, Lobular / pathology. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Mastectomy. Metaplasia. Middle Aged. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 18236815.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
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94. Guinebretière JM, Menet E, Tardivon A, Cherel P, Vanel D: Normal and pathological breast, the histological basis. Eur J Radiol; 2005 Apr;54(1):6-14
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  • [Title] Normal and pathological breast, the histological basis.
  • Breast tissue is heterogeneous, associating connective and glandular structures, which grow and change cyclically under hormonal regulation.
  • Hormones are also thought to be the main determinant of the major benign and malignant pathologies encountered in the breast.
  • They usually associate different entities, (adenosis, fibrosis, cysts and hyperplasia) but vary in intensity and extension.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast / pathology. Breast / ultrastructure. Breast Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15797289.001).
  • [ISSN] 0720-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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95. Bratthauer GL, Strauss BL, Barner R: Reversed Expression of the JAK/STAT Pathway Related Proteins Prolactin Receptor and STAT5a in Normal and Abnormal Breast Epithelial Cells. Breast Cancer (Auckl); 2008;1:7-14
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  • [Title] Reversed Expression of the JAK/STAT Pathway Related Proteins Prolactin Receptor and STAT5a in Normal and Abnormal Breast Epithelial Cells.
  • One component, STAT5a, is activated in the breast upon prolactin to prolactin receptor (PRLR) binding facilitating the transcription of genes involved in lobule development.
  • STAT5a was previously found to be expressed in most normal breast epithelial cells but not in many in situ or invasive carcinomas except secretory carcinomas which retain STAT5a expression.
  • This report examines the JAK/STAT pathway in the breast through the detection of PRLR and STAT5a.
  • Fifty breast tissues, including benign secretory change, microglandular adenosis, usual and atypical hyperplasia and in situ and invasive ductal carcinoma both usual and secretory, were obtained from the files of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology.
  • PRLR was minimally detected on the surface of a few normal breast epithelial cells whereas STAT5a was greatly expressed in over 80% of normal cell nuclei.
  • However, the opposite pattern was seen in breast carcinomas lacking STAT5a expression.
  • This reversed expression may indicate a JAK/STAT pathway disturbance that could play a role in the initiation or maintenance of an abnormal breast phenotype.

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  • (PMID = 21655368.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Breast cancer : basic and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Breast Cancer (Auckl)
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3091403
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; STAT5a / breast / immunohistochemistry / prolactin receptor / secretory
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96. Camp EA, Coker AL, Troisi R, Robboy SJ, Noller KL, Goodman KJ, Titus-Ernstoff LT, Hatch EE, Herbst AL, Kaufman RH, Adam E: Cervical screening and general physical examination behaviors of women exposed in utero to diethylstilbestrol. J Low Genit Tract Dis; 2008 Apr;12(2):111-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: 1994 Diethylstilbestrol Adenosis cohort data are used to assess the degree of recommended compliance of cervical screenings found in 3,140 DES-exposed and 826 unexposed women.


97. Elayat G, Selim AG, Wells CA: Cell turnover in apocrine metaplasia and apocrine adenosis of the breast. Ann Diagn Pathol; 2010 Feb;14(1):1-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cell turnover in apocrine metaplasia and apocrine adenosis of the breast.
  • Apocrine metaplasia (APM) is a common finding in the breast of postmenopausal women and is seen in a broad spectrum of lesions ranging from microscopic cysts to invasive apocrine carcinoma.
  • Apocrine metaplasia within sclerosing adenosis is known as apocrine adenosis (AA) and is considered a benign lesion of the breast.
  • The results showed that all cases studied by immunohistochemistry were positive for the expression of Bak, Mcl-1, Bcl-x, and Bcl-x(L) showing a pattern of staining similar to that seen in the normal breast epithelium.
  • There was no statistical significance between the AI of these 2 groups and that of the normal breast epithelium (0.3%).
  • There was no statistical significance between the AI of these 2 groups and that of the normal breast epithelium (0.3%).
  • [MeSH-major] Apocrine Glands / pathology. Breast / pathology. Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / pathology

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  • NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .
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  • [Copyright] 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20123450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8198
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BAK1 protein, human; 0 / BCL2L1 protein, human; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein; 0 / bcl-X Protein; EC 2.7.7.49 / TERT protein, human; EC 2.7.7.49 / Telomerase
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98. Armah HB, Parwani AV: Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (adenosis) of the prostate: a case report with review of the literature. Diagn Pathol; 2008;3:34
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  • [Title] Atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (adenosis) of the prostate: a case report with review of the literature.
  • Hence, the final histologic diagnosis was benign prostatic tissue with a focus of florid adenosis.
  • This case highlights the utility of these three immunostains (AMACR, p63 and CK903/34betaE12) in the accurate diagnosis of adenosis of the prostate on needle biopsy, and avoiding its misinterpretation as prostate adenocarcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 18700013.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2526076
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99. Kim MJ, Kim EK, Park SY, Yun M, Oh KK: Multiple nodular adenosis concurrent with primary breast lymphoma: pitfall in PET. Clin Radiol; 2005 Jan;60(1):126-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Multiple nodular adenosis concurrent with primary breast lymphoma: pitfall in PET.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Fibrocystic Breast Disease / radionuclide imaging. Lymphoma, B-Cell / radionuclide imaging. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography / standards

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  • (PMID = 15642304.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-9260
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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100. Vang R, Vinh TN, Burks RT, Barner R, Kurman RJ, Ronnett BM: Pseudoinfiltrative tubal metaplasia of the endocervix: a potential form of in utero diethylstilbestrol exposure-related adenosis simulating minimal deviation adenocarcinoma. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2005 Oct;24(4):391-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pseudoinfiltrative tubal metaplasia of the endocervix: a potential form of in utero diethylstilbestrol exposure-related adenosis simulating minimal deviation adenocarcinoma.
  • The clinicopathologic findings suggest the lesions are benign, and the association with in utero DES exposure raises the possibility that these could be a form of DES-related adenosis.

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  • International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. DIETHYLSTILBESTROL .
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  • (PMID = 16175088.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-1691
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 731DCA35BT / Diethylstilbestrol
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