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1. Haskell HD, Butt KM, Woo SB: Pleomorphic adenoma with extensive lipometaplasia: report of three cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Oct;29(10):1389-93
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  • [Title] Pleomorphic adenoma with extensive lipometaplasia: report of three cases.
  • We report a series of three cases of pleomorphic adenoma with extensive lipometaplasia, a recently described subtype of pleomorphic adenoma of salivary gland origin.
  • Two occurred in the minor salivary glands of the lip and palate, respectively, and one in the parotid.
  • The differential diagnosis, as it pertains to other fat-containing tumors (such as lipoadenoma, spindle cell lipoma, interstitial lipomatosis, and benign mesenchymoma), is discussed.
  • It is likely that the ability of myoepithelial cells to undergo various metaplasias is the cause of the unusual histologic appearances of this tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adipocytes / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / pathology. Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Lipoma / pathology. Male. Mesenchymoma / pathology. Metaplasia / pathology. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16160483.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Schmidt LA, Olsen SH, McHugh JB: Cutaneous adnexal differentiation and stromal metaplasia in palate pleomorphic adenomas: a potential diagnostic pitfall that may be mistaken for malignancy. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Aug;34(8):1205-10
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  • [Title] Cutaneous adnexal differentiation and stromal metaplasia in palate pleomorphic adenomas: a potential diagnostic pitfall that may be mistaken for malignancy.
  • Cutaneous adnexal differentiation is well-recognized in benign mixed tumors occurring in cutaneous sites.
  • The incidence of this histologic finding in salivary gland sites is not known.
  • We sought to describe the incidence of cutaneous adnexal differentiation in benign mixed tumors of the palate, lip, and parotid gland.
  • Benign mixed tumors of the palate (n=30), lip (n=13), and parotid gland (n=37) resected between 1980 and 2009 at a single academic medical institution were reviewed.
  • After confirming the diagnosis of benign mixed tumor, we evaluated for morphologic evidence of cutaneous adnexal differentiation and metaplastic epithelial and stromal changes.
  • Cutaneous adnexal differentiation was seen in 20% of palate and 39% of lip benign mixed tumors but in no parotid tumors.
  • Sebaceous differentiation was seen in only one palate tumor.
  • Varying amounts of stromal adipose were seen in 62, 37, and 22% of lip, palate, and parotid tumors.
  • Osseous metaplasia was seen in one tumor from each site.
  • When cutaneous adnexal differentiation occurs in salivary gland pleomorphic adenomas, it can present a diagnostic pitfall that must not be misinterpreted as carcinoma at biopsy, fine needle aspiration, or frozen section.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Diagnostic Errors / prevention & control. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology. Stromal Cells / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Female. Humans. Lip Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Metaplasia. Middle Aged. Palatal Neoplasms / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20661019.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Giefing M, Wierzbicka M, Rydzanicz M, Cegla R, Kujawski M, Szyfter K: Chromosomal gains and losses indicate oncogene and tumor suppressor gene candidates in salivary gland tumors. Neoplasma; 2008;55(1):55-60
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  • [Title] Chromosomal gains and losses indicate oncogene and tumor suppressor gene candidates in salivary gland tumors.
  • The incidence of salivary gland tumor in Poland is growing in the last two decades.
  • Simultaneously a progress in understanding the genetic mechanisms of formation of this tumor was achieved by detecting several genes like PLAG1 involved in its pathogenesis.
  • In this study we perform a whole genome, CGH analysis with the aim to identify recurrent, chromosomal copy number changes possibly indicating novel tumor suppressor gene or oncogene loci.
  • 29 salivary tumor samples: Cystadenolymphoma-warthin (15) and adenoma polymorphum (14) located in the parotid (27) and submandibular gland (2) were collected and CGH was performed.
  • Altogether, salivary gland tumors presented a different aberration pattern than these reported for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) but no significant differences were observed between Warthin and adenoma polymorphum tumors.
  • Moreover, several potential tumor suppressor genes and oncogenes were identified in the smallest, common altered regions.
  • We show a frequent deletion of the harakiri gene (12q24.2) in 12/29 tumors and TP53 gene (17p13.1) in 11/29 tumors as potential tumor suppressors in salivary gland cancers.
  • The observed alterations may indicate important genetic events in the formation of salivary gland tumors.
  • Especially the amplification in 13q may be a mechanism contributing to the expression of survivin and tumor progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / genetics. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / genetics. Chromosome Aberrations. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Oncogenes. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18190242.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
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4. Iwai H, Yamashita T: Local excision procedure for Warthin's tumor of the parotid gland. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Apr;132(4):577-80
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  • [Title] Local excision procedure for Warthin's tumor of the parotid gland.
  • The aim of this work is to establish a local excision procedure (LEP) and indications of this procedure for Warthin's tumor.
  • Seventy-three patients (82 sides) with Warthin's tumor were studied.
  • For Warthin's tumor estimated to be below the I-S line (Group A), LEP was used, involving resection of the tumor after locating and dissecting the marginal mandibular and colli branches.
  • Conversely, no significant difference in tumor size or incidence of postoperative facial paresis was identified between the 2 groups.
  • In conclusion, LEP is useful for Warthin's tumor below the I-S line.
  • This procedure seems applicable not only to Warthin's tumors, but also to other benign parotid tumors in the surgical field below the I-S line, such as pleomorphic adenoma and lymphoepithelial cyst.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / surgery. Microsurgery / methods. Parotid Gland / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15806048.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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5. Leonetti JP, Marzo SJ, Petruzzelli GJ, Herr B: Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Sep;133(3):319-22
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  • [Title] Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term results in the management of 42 patients with recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of 42 patients who underwent parotidectomy for recurrent pleomorphic adenoma was performed to study presenting clinicoradiographic features, surgical technique, facial nerve management, and the long-term risk of recurrence.
  • Seven patients developed local parotid bed or cutaneous recurrent disease, 2 patients died of unrelated causes, and 2 patients were lost to follow-up.
  • Total parotidectomy or subtotal petrosectomy with facial nerve resection in selected cases may reduce the risk of multiple episodes of pleomorphic adenoma recurrence.
  • Two of 42 patients were found to have carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma, both of these patients underwent prior radiotherapy, and both died of metastatic disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16143173.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Ansari MH: Salivary gland tumors in an Iranian population: a retrospective study of 130 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2007 Nov;65(11):2187-94
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  • [Title] Salivary gland tumors in an Iranian population: a retrospective study of 130 cases.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records and case notes of all patients with histologically confirmed salivary gland tumors were reviewed retrospectively from February 1984 to March 2003.
  • This review found 89 patients with benign tumors and 41 patients with malignant tumors.
  • The collection of data included gender, age, location, and histopathology of the tumor.
  • Patients with benign and malignant tumors presented with a mean age of 41.3 and 47 years, respectively.
  • The frequency of benign tumors was 68.4% (n = 89) and 31.6% for malignant tumors (n = 41).
  • Tumors were localized in the parotid gland (63%; n = 82), the submandibular gland (23%; n = 30), and in the minor salivary glands (14%; n = 18).
  • The most common benign tumor was pleomorphic adenoma (65.4%; n = 85).
  • CONCLUSION: Between benign and malignant salivary gland tumors, frequency of pleomorphic adenoma and mucoepidermoid carcinoma was in keeping with studies reported previously.
  • In other salivary gland tumors, however, diversity was obvious and showed significant difference, requiring further studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Salivary Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / epidemiology. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / epidemiology. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Iran / epidemiology. Male. Middle Aged. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Parotid Neoplasms / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology. Submandibular Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17954313.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-2391
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Abdelkrim SB, Trabelsi A, Hammedi F, Omezzine M, Rammeh S, Abdelkader AB, Sriha B: Primary lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland in a North African woman. Rare Tumors; 2009;1(1):e16
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland in a North African woman.
  • It involves mainly the parotid gland.
  • Racial and geographical factors contribute to the pathogenesis of this tumor.
  • We report a case of a 70-year old woman from a non-endemic area who presented with several months history of swelling in the parotid region.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging showed a parotid mass suggestive of a pleomorphic adenoma.
  • The diagnosis of lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid gland was performed on the surgical specimen.

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  • (PMID = 21139887.001).
  • [ISSN] 2036-3613
  • [Journal-full-title] Rare tumors
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rare Tumors
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2994432
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; lymphoepithelial carcinoma / parotid / pathology.
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8. Silva SJ, Costa Junior GT, Brant Filho AC, Faria PR, Loyola AM: Metachronous bilateral pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2006 Mar;101(3):333-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Metachronous bilateral pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • Bilateral salivary gland tumors are very rare, accounting for 3% of all parotid gland tumors.
  • Although the most common tumor with bilateral development is the Warthin tumor, pleomorphic adenomas (PA) have been diagnosed simultaneously as well, but in a smaller incidence.
  • We present a case of bilateral metachronous PA affecting the parotid gland in a 63-year-old woman.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Facial Nerve / surgery. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Parotid Gland / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16504867.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 51
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9. Gaillard C, Périé S, Susini B, St Guily JL: Facial nerve dysfunction after parotidectomy: the role of local factors. Laryngoscope; 2005 Feb;115(2):287-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Over a 10-year period, 131 patients with normal facial nerve function underwent a superficial or total conservative parotidectomy with nerve dissection performed by one surgeon for primary benign or malignant tumors.
  • Extent of surgery, histopathological findings, tumor size, close contact of tumor with facial nerve, and sex and age of the patient were reviewed.
  • In patients with total parotidectomy, close contact of the tumor with the facial nerve was found to have statistical causal relation with facial nerve weakness.
  • CONCLUSION: In the study series of conservative parotidectomies with facial nerve dissection, only extent of surgery and particular local conditions of nerve dissection, especially the close contact of tumor with facial nerve and inflammatory conditions, were found to be associated with postoperative facial nerve dysfunction.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Nerve / physiopathology. Facial Nerve Injuries / etiology. Parotid Gland / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / surgery. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Adolescent. Adult. Female. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15689752.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-852X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Bień S, Kamiński B, Kopczyński J, Sygut J: [The synchroneous tumors of different histopathology in the parotid salivary gland]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2006;60(5):703-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The synchroneous tumors of different histopathology in the parotid salivary gland].
  • Ipsilateral salivary gland tumors of different histological types are very rare.
  • In 5 cases pleomorphic adenoma was one of synchronous tumor--in 2 cases with adenocarcinoma and in single cases with salivary duct carcinoma, adenolymphoma, and myoepithelioma.
  • Following the review of literature concerning the problem, two concepts has been critically discussed--the real synchronous occurrence of two different tumors, and transformation of benign tumor of salivary neoplasm to its malignant form.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adult. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis

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  • (PMID = 17263242.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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11. Ferreira PC, Amarante JM, Rodrigues JM, Pinho CJ, Cardoso MA, Reis JC: Parotid surgery: review of 107 tumors (1990-2002). Int Surg; 2005 Jul-Aug;90(3):160-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Parotid surgery: review of 107 tumors (1990-2002).
  • Tumors of the parotid gland are uncommon.
  • We reviewed the clinical and the surgical records of a series of 109 patients who were recommended for surgery because of parotid tumors by the Plastic and Reconstructive Service of São João Hospital, Portugal, between 1990 and 2002.
  • The following parameters were evaluated: age, sex, gland afflicted, symptoms, and duration of symptoms, diagnostic procedures, treatment methods, follow-up, and recurrences.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma was the most common tumor (63.5%).
  • [MeSH-major] Parotid Gland / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / epidemiology. Adenolymphoma / surgery. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / epidemiology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Facial Paralysis / etiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Sweating, Gustatory / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16466006.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-8868
  • [Journal-full-title] International surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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12. Daniel E, McGuirt WF Sr: Neck masses secondary to heterotopic salivary gland tissue: a 25-year experience. Am J Otolaryngol; 2005 Mar-Apr;26(2):96-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Neck masses secondary to heterotopic salivary gland tissue: a 25-year experience.
  • RESULTS: Nine cases were benign periparotid lymph nodes with heterotopic salivary inclusions, 3 of which had multimodal involvement.
  • The benign tumors were predominantly Warthin's tumor (8) with 1 pleomorphic adenoma.
  • Among the 15 tumor patients, follow-up ranged from 1 month to 17 years.
  • Tumorigenic changes arise from heterotopic nodal inclusions, and although infrequent, should be considered in the differential diagnosis for isolated neck/periparotid masses and parotid Warthin's tumor.
  • Suggested management, after a thorough clinical exam/needle aspiration biopsy, includes an imaging survey of the parotid gland and neck lymphatics with an appropriate resection to include a simple excision, parotidectomy, neck dissection, and/or irradiation as indicated.
  • Isolated low-grade malignant lesions/benign lesions are adequately managed by excision or parotidectomy alone.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Choristoma / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands

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  • (PMID = 15742261.001).
  • [ISSN] 0196-0709
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Bucur A, Dincă O, Ionescu H: [Giant parotid pleomorphic adenoma--presentation of a case and review of the literature]. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2007 May-Jun;102(3):363-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Giant parotid pleomorphic adenoma--presentation of a case and review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenom pleomorf parotidian gigant--prezentare de caz şi recenzia datelor din literatura de specialitate.
  • This is a case presentation of a 51-year-old patient, with a giant parotid tumor on the right side (18 x 11 cm on the longer, cranio-caudal axis, 950 g), with an extremely slow evolution, since 1978.
  • There are no clinical signs of malignancy within the tumor.
  • The pathological result indicated a pleomorphic adenoma with central malignant foci.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Parotid Gland / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17687870.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Romania
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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14. Zbären P, Tschumi I, Nuyens M, Stauffer E: Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. Am J Surg; 2005 Feb;189(2):203-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • BACKGROUND: Surgery of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma presents an increased risk of facial nerve injury and a considerable re-recurrence rate.
  • METHODS: A series of 33 patients with first recurrence of pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland was analyzed.
  • Histologic material of the initial and recurrent tumor were reviewed.
  • RESULTS: Multifocal recurrence and carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma were observed in 73% and 9% of patients, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Gland / surgery. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Surg. 2006 Aug;192(2):270 [16860648.001]
  • (PMID = 15720991.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9610
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Tilakaratne WM, Jayasooriya PR, Tennakoon TM, Saku T: Epithelial salivary tumors in Sri Lanka: a retrospective study of 713 cases. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod; 2009 Jul;108(1):90-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: Out of the 713 epithelial salivary tumors, 356 (49.9%) were classified as benign and 357 (50.1%) as malignant, indicating a benign-to-malignant ratio of 1:1.
  • The majority of both benign (29%) and malignant (39%) tumors occurred in the minor salivary glands.
  • Malignant tumors were slightly more common in minor salivary glands, indicating a benign-to-malignant ratio of 1:0.75.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma was the most frequent tumor, representing 38% of all tumors (274 out of 713), followed by mucoepidermoid carcinoma 21.6% (154 out of 713) and adenoid cystic carcinoma 13.5% (96 out of 713).
  • The commonest benign and malignant tumors were pleomorphic adenoma and mucoepidermoid carcinoma in both major and minor salivary glands.
  • CONCLUSION: According to the findings of this study, equal frequencies of benign and malignant tumors indicate higher occurrences of malignancies, especially in the minor salivary glands, in the Sri Lankan population.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / epidemiology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / epidemiology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / epidemiology. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Palatal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Parotid Neoplasms / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Salivary Glands, Minor / pathology. Sex Factors. Sri Lanka / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19403317.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-395X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral surgery, oral medicine, oral pathology, oral radiology, and endodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Mastronikolis NS, Papadas TA, Marangos M, Karkoulias KP, Tsamandas AC, Goumas PD: Tuberculosis of the parotid gland. Tuberk Toraks; 2009;57(1):84-8
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  • [Title] Tuberculosis of the parotid gland.
  • Tuberculosis (Tbc) presented as an isolated parotid mass is rare.
  • In the majority of the cases an initial diagnosis of a parotid tumor, often a pleomorphic adenoma, is made.
  • We present a 35-year old woman with a six months duration right parotid lump.
  • The mass was firm and nontender without ipsilateral cervical lymphadenopathy, suggesting a parotid neoplasm.
  • The computerized tomography scan showed an intraparotideal tumor resembling a pleomorphic adenoma and thus the patient underwent to a superficial parotidectomy.
  • Parotid Tbc is very rare but should be considered as a differential diagnosis of parotid lumps.
  • [MeSH-major] Parotid Diseases / diagnosis. Tuberculosis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19533444.001).
  • [ISSN] 0494-1373
  • [Journal-full-title] Tüberküloz ve toraks
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tuberk Toraks
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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17. Behzatoglu K, Bahadir B, Huq GE, Kaplan HH: Spontaneous infarction of a pleomorphic adenoma in parotid gland: diagnostic problems and review. Diagn Cytopathol; 2005 Jun;32(6):367-9
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  • [Title] Spontaneous infarction of a pleomorphic adenoma in parotid gland: diagnostic problems and review.
  • Although infarction of parotid gland pleomorphic adenoma (PA) following fine-needle aspiration (FNA) has been well-documented, spontaneous infarction of PA has remained as an uncommon entity in the literature.
  • To our knowledge, we report the second case of spontaneous infarction occurring in a parotid gland PA.
  • A 44-yr-old man presented with a 2-yr history of slowly enlarging right parotid mass, which had become painful 1 mo before performing FNA biopsy.
  • Although appears to be rare, spontaneous infarction of PA should be considered in the differential diagnosis, since necrosis may mimic carcinoma and cause misinterpretation of necrosis as an indication of malignancy, in an otherwise benign salivary gland neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / blood supply. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Infarction / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / blood supply. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Humans. Male. Parotid Gland / blood supply. Parotid Gland / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15880698.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Minicucci EM, de Campos EB, Weber SA, Domingues MA, Ribeiro DA: Basal cell adenoma of the upper lip from minor salivary gland origin. Eur J Dent; 2008 Jul;2(3):213-6
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  • [Title] Basal cell adenoma of the upper lip from minor salivary gland origin.
  • Basal cell adenoma is an uncommon benign salivary gland neoplasm, presenting isomorphic basaloid cells with a prominent basal cell layer.
  • Taking into account that basal cell adenomas represent 1% of all salivary gland tumors, being the majority of cases in the parotid glands, the goal of this paper is to report a case of basal cell adenoma of the upper lip arising from minor salivary gland.

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  • [Cites] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005 Jul;34(5):533-6 [16053874.001]
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  • (PMID = 19212550.001).
  • [ISSN] 1305-7456
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of dentistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Dent
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2635906
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Basal cell adenoma / Immunohistochemistry / Minor salivary gland
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19. Mortensen KS, Hjortlund J, Bjørndal K, Krogdal A, Godballe C: [Salivary gland tumors in the County of Funen, 1984-2003]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2008 Feb 11;170(7):545-8
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  • [Title] [Salivary gland tumors in the County of Funen, 1984-2003].
  • INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to estimate the incidence of major salivary gland tumors in a geographically well-defined area (the County of Funen, Denmark) and to analyse the demographic data and distribution of histological types.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with salivary gland tumors were identified through a search on pathology and diagnosis codes in the period 1984-2003, which initially resulted in a group of 951 patients.
  • RESULTS: The incidence of major salivary gland tumors for the County of Funen is calculated to 7.3 per 100,000 residents per year.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma (55%) was the most common type, followed by adenolymphoma (29%).
  • 90% of the tumors were found in the parotid gland - 93% benign and 7% malignant.
  • 10% were located in the submandibular gland - 73% benign and 27% malignant.
  • Only one neoplasm was located in the sublingual gland and it was malignant (100%).
  • The occurrence of pleomorphic adenomas among females (66%) was higher than among males (43%), on the other hand more adenolymphomas were found in males (43%) than in females (17%).
  • CONCLUSION: The incidence of major salivary gland tumors in the County of Funen is calculated to 7.3 per 100,000 inhabitants per year which is equivalent to 383 new cases in Denmark per year.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / epidemiology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / epidemiology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18291086.001).
  • [ISSN] 1603-6824
  • [Journal-full-title] Ugeskrift for laeger
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ugeskr. Laeg.
  • [Language] dan
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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20. Yoon YH, Park JY, Choi JW, Koo BS: Iatrogenic ear lobule ischemic injury from pressure dressing as an unusual complication of parotidectomy. Am J Otolaryngol; 2008 Sep-Oct;29(5):361-2
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  • The use of compressive dressing is usually spread to enhance neovascularization of the dissected facial flap by elimination of dead space between the flap and the dermis in parotid surgery through facelift incision.
  • [MeSH-major] Bandages / adverse effects. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / adverse effects. Ear, External / blood supply. Iatrogenic Disease. Ischemia / etiology. Parotid Gland / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / therapy. Pressure / adverse effects. Risk Assessment

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  • (PMID = 18722895.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-818X
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Yerli H, Aydin E, Coskun M, Geyik E, Ozluoglu LN, Haberal N, Kaskati T: Dynamic multislice computed tomography findings for parotid gland tumors. J Comput Assist Tomogr; 2007 Mar-Apr;31(2):309-16
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  • [Title] Dynamic multislice computed tomography findings for parotid gland tumors.
  • OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to research the enhancement features of parotid gland masses in detail and characterize if the masses were Warthin tumors, adenomas, or malignant tumors.
  • METHODS: The prospective study included 25 parotid tumors in 21 patients.
  • A full-neck CT examination was done at 30 seconds after completion of contrast injection, and then tumor-level images were obtained at 90 seconds and at 5 and 25 minutes.
  • Computed tomography number (lesion density in Hounsfield units) was determined at each phase, and differences within and among tumor groups were statistically analyzed.
  • RESULTS: There were 11 Warthin tumors, 8 pleomorphic adenomas, 5 malignant tumors, and 1 basal cell adenoma.
  • The basal cell adenoma showed also a peak enhancement at 30 seconds.
  • Seven pleomorphic adenomas showed increased enhancement through the first 3 phases.
  • Statistically significant differences within and among tumor groups were determined.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The data suggest that peak tumor enhancement at 30 and 90 seconds, respectively, might identify Warthin and malignant tumors.
  • Increased enhancement through all phases might be an indicator for diagnosing pleomorphic adenomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma / diagnosis. Lymphoma / diagnosis. Parotid Gland / radiography. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 17414771.001).
  • [ISSN] 0363-8715
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of computer assisted tomography
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Comput Assist Tomogr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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22. Emodi O, El-Naaj IA, Gordin A, Akrish S, Peled M: Superficial parotidectomy versus retrograde partial superficial parotidectomy in treating benign salivary gland tumor (pleomorphic adenoma). J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2010 Sep;68(9):2092-8
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  • [Title] Superficial parotidectomy versus retrograde partial superficial parotidectomy in treating benign salivary gland tumor (pleomorphic adenoma).
  • PURPOSE: Of all benign salivary gland tumors of the parotid gland, pleomorphic adenoma (mixed tumor) is the most common.
  • It accounts for 60% to 70% of all benign tumors of the parotid gland.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 48 patients who underwent excision of pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland between 1996 and 2005 at Rambam Medical Center: 18 were treated surgically with the classical superficial parotidectomy (SP) technique, using an anterograde approach, and 30 were treated with retrograde partial superficial parotidectomy (PSP).
  • We compared the 2 surgical techniques in terms of surgical time, histopathologic size of the lesion, amount of excised healthy parotid tissue, histologic margin, and the preservation of the capsule/pseudocapsule.
  • Much more healthy parotid tissue was taken out with the classical procedure (mean, 51.4 +/- 13.6 mm; median, 50 mm) than with the retrograde PSP technique (mean, 39.2 +/- 11.8; median, 35 mm) (P = .01).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Oral Surgical Procedures / methods. Parotid Gland / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20728030.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5053
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Hallor KH, Teixeira MR, Fletcher CD, Bizarro S, Staaf J, Domanski HA, von Steyern FV, Panagopoulos I, Mandahl N, Mertens F: Heterogeneous genetic profiles in soft tissue myoepitheliomas. Mod Pathol; 2008 Nov;21(11):1311-9
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  • Myoepithelioma, mixed tumor and parachordoma are uncommon soft tissue tumors thought to represent morphological variants of a single tumor type.
  • However, they morphologically resemble mixed tumor of the salivary glands (also known as pleomorphic adenoma), a tumor characterized by deregulated expression of PLAG1 or HMGA2.
  • To evaluate a possible genetic relationship between these soft tissue and salivary gland tumors, PLAG1 expression levels and the genomic status of PLAG1 and HMGA2 were investigated in five soft tissue myoepitheliomas and one pleomorphic adenoma.
  • Recurrent deletion of CDKN2A suggests that inactivation of this tumor suppressor gene is pathogenetically important in a subset.
  • Furthermore, PLAG1 rearrangement was found in a soft tissue tumor from a patient previously treated for a salivary pleomorphic adenoma, indicating either metastasis of the salivary gland lesion or that some soft tissue tumors develop through the same mechanisms as their salivary gland counterparts.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / genetics. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Calmodulin-Binding Proteins / genetics. Child. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / genetics. Female. Gene Expression Profiling. Gene Rearrangement. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Parotid Neoplasms / genetics. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. RNA-Binding Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18604193.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0285
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Calmodulin-Binding Proteins; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / EWSR1 protein, human; 0 / HMGA2 Protein; 0 / PLAG1 protein, human; 0 / RNA-Binding Proteins
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24. Patel RS, Hughes CW, Fredericks S, Lee CS, Rose B, Gao K, Smith G, Hong A, O'Brien CJ: Cyclin A expression and its diagnostic value in pleomorphic adenoma and carcinoma expleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. Histopathology; 2007 Jul;51(1):21-5
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  • [Title] Cyclin A expression and its diagnostic value in pleomorphic adenoma and carcinoma expleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • AIMS: To investigate cyclin A expression in pleomorphic adenoma (PA) and carcinoma expleomorphic adenoma (CXPA) of the parotid gland with a view to assessing its potential value as a diagnostic marker for CXPA.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / metabolism. Cyclin A / metabolism. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Case-Control Studies. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Parotid Gland / metabolism. Parotid Gland / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17593077.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cyclin A
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25. Xiao L, Lu XY, Zhu XZ, Jones TD, Cheng L: Metastasising pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid presenting as a solitary kidney mass. Pathology; 2008 Jan;40(1):87-9
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  • [Title] Metastasising pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid presenting as a solitary kidney mass.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Kidney Neoplasms / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18038324.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-3025
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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26. Trandafirescu MF, Cotuţiu C, Foia L: [Some particular aspects in cases of pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi; 2005 Apr-Jun;109(2):347-50
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  • [Title] [Some particular aspects in cases of pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland].
  • [Transliterated title] Unele aspecte particulare intâlnite in cazuri de adenom pleomorf al parotidei.
  • Twenty three cases of parotid gland pleomorphic adenoma from Surgical Oro-Maxillo Facial Clinic of "Sf.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Microscopy. Parotid Gland / pathology. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16607798.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7848
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti din Iaş̧i
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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27. Drivas EI, Skoulakis CE, Symvoulakis EK, Bizaki AG, Lachanas VA, Bizakis JG: Pattern of parotid gland tumors on Crete, Greece: a retrospective study of 131 cases. Med Sci Monit; 2007 Mar;13(3):CR136-40
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  • [Title] Pattern of parotid gland tumors on Crete, Greece: a retrospective study of 131 cases.
  • BACKGROUND: Salivary gland tumors constitute a highly heterogeneous group.
  • There are few large epidemiological studies of benign and malignant salivary gland tumors in Greece.
  • The aim of the present study was to define the pattern of parotid gland neoplasms on the island of Crete.
  • RESULTS: There were 101 (77.1%) benign parotid gland tumors and 30 (22.9%) of malignant ones.
  • The most common benign tumor was pleomorphic adenoma (44.2%), while the most common malignant tumor was mucoepidermoid carcinoma (5.3%).
  • Median age was 48.2 years (range: 16-75 years) in patients with benign tumors and 65.4 years (range: 27-90 years) in patients with malignancy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: On Crete, parotid gland tumors show epidemiological characteristics similar to studies worldwide.
  • Benign parotid tumors are largely more frequent than malignant tumors.
  • The most common benign parotid gland tumor was pleomorphic adenoma, while the most frequent malignant tumor was mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17325637.001).
  • [ISSN] 1234-1010
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Sci. Monit.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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28. Kajor M, Gierek T, Markowski J, Pajak J: Schwannomalike mixed tumor of the parotid gland: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2006 Sep-Oct;50(5):529-30
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  • [Title] Schwannomalike mixed tumor of the parotid gland: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Schwannomalike mixed tumor is a rare benign tumor of the parotid glands.
  • CASE: A 75-year-old woman presented with a tumor 3 cm in diameter localized in her left parotid gland.
  • CONCLUSION: FNA cytology was very useful in the diagnosis of this rare tumor of the parotid gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Neurilemmoma / diagnosis. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Digestive System Surgical Procedures. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Predictive Value of Tests. Schwann Cells / metabolism. Schwann Cells / pathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17017438.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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29. Szwedowicz P, Osuch-Wójcikiewicz E, Bruzgielewicz A, Checiński P, Nyckowska J, Grotthuss M: [Management of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: analysis of the material of Otolaryngology Department, Medical University of Warsaw between 1998 and 2008]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2010 Jun;64(7):50-4
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  • [Title] [Management of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: analysis of the material of Otolaryngology Department, Medical University of Warsaw between 1998 and 2008].
  • OBJECTIVES: Treatment of patients with recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland is a challenge for a surgeon due to frequent problems with complete resection of all tumour foci while preserving continuity and function of the facial nerve.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical presentation and treatment results of patients with recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 35 patients (25 women and 10 men) operated on (44 operations) for recurrent pleomorphic adenoma between the years 1988 and 2008 at the Otolaryngology Department, Medical University of Warsaw, were reviewed.
  • These patients accounted for 8.9% of all patients treated for pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland (N=395).
  • RESULTS: All patients had palpable, nontender mass or masses in a parotid bed after 1 to 5 previous operations.
  • Malignant transformation of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma was observed in two patients (5.7%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma occurs more often in younger patients and women.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 21171312.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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30. Nitassi S, Oujilal M, Boulaich M, Essakalli L, Kzadri M: [Giant pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac; 2009 Dec;110(6):350-2
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  • [Title] [Giant pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland].
  • [Transliterated title] Adénome pléomorphe géant de la parotide.
  • INTRODUCTION: Slow evolution pleomorphic parotid adenoma may be diagnosed late.
  • We present a case of a giant pleomorphic adenoma involving the parotid glands and try to explain the reasons for the diagnostic delay and describe therapeutic specificities.
  • CASE REPORT: A 54 year-old male patient consulted for swelling of the parotid region slowly evolving over the last 10 years.
  • The CT scan revealed a heterogeneous tumor with hyperdense and hypodense areas without any associate lesions.
  • A total conservative parotidectomy was performed; the anatomopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis of a pleomorphic adenoma, weighing 1.2kg for a diameter of 19cm, without malignant degeneration.
  • DISCUSSION: The recommended treatment for giant parotid adenoma is total conservative parotidectomy.
  • Besides its functional and esthetic impact, the giant parotid adenoma is at high risk of malignant degeneration.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19833364.001).
  • [ISSN] 1776-257X
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue de stomatologie et de chirurgie maxillo-faciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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31. Cincik H, Gungor A, Ertugrul E, Cekin E, Dogru S: Peripheral osteoma of the mandible mimicking a parotid mass. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2007 Apr;264(4):429-31
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  • [Title] Peripheral osteoma of the mandible mimicking a parotid mass.
  • We report the case of a peripheral osteoma mimicking a benign tumor in the left parotid gland of a 75-year-old woman.
  • The clinical presentation of the painless mass on the lateral surface of the mandibular ascending ramus was suggestive of a benign parotid tumor such as a pleomorphic adenoma.
  • Mandibular osteoma should be considered in differential diagnosis of parotid masses, which can be revealed by conventional radiographs.
  • [MeSH-major] Mandibular Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Osteoma / diagnostic imaging. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Cites] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2004 Apr;33(3):310-1 [15287318.001]
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  • (PMID = 17091281.001).
  • [ISSN] 0937-4477
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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32. Alibek S, Zenk J, Bozzato A, Lell M, Grunewald M, Anders K, Rabe C, Iro H, Bautz W, Greess H: The value of dynamic MRI studies in parotid tumors. Acad Radiol; 2007 Jun;14(6):701-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The value of dynamic MRI studies in parotid tumors.
  • RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to differentiate several tumor entities of the parotid gland in a prospective clinical trial.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 112 patients with parotid tumors were examined with dynamic contrast-enhanced 1.5 T MRI.
  • Finally, all MRIs together with the tumor specific SIvT curves were re-read and correlated with histopathologic diagnosis.
  • RESULTS: Four characteristic intensity-time curves were observed: pleomorphic adenoma showed a gradual increase in signal intensity, followed by a plateau phase on a low intensity level.
  • Statistic significance was found for the time-to-peak values for adenolymphomas and pleomorphic adenomas and for the maximum peak signal intensity values for carcinomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: With additional dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI, a more reliable differentiation between common parotid tumors is possible before surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Carcinoma / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17502260.001).
  • [ISSN] 1076-6332
  • [Journal-full-title] Academic radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acad Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; AU0V1LM3JT / Gadolinium
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33. Zhang J, Zhang JG, Song TL, Zhen L, Zhang Y, Zhang KH, Yang ZH, Yu GY: 125I seed implant brachytherapy-assisted surgery with preservation of the facial nerve for treatment of malignant parotid gland tumors. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2008 Jun;37(6):515-20
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  • [Title] 125I seed implant brachytherapy-assisted surgery with preservation of the facial nerve for treatment of malignant parotid gland tumors.
  • The surgical treatment of malignant parotid gland tumors combined with (125)I seed implant brachytherapy and preservation of the facial nerve is described.
  • Tumor and parotid gland resection with preservation of the facial nerve was carried out in 12 patients with malignant parotid gland tumors. (125)I seeds were implanted into the target area intra- or postoperatively.
  • The extent of regional control of the tumor was followed up, and facial nerve function was evaluated.
  • None of the patients had tumor recurrence during the follow-up period of 50-74 months (median follow-up period, 66 months).
  • A limited surgical resection combined with (125)I seed implant brachytherapy is therefore considered to be an alternative treatment for local control of malignant parotid gland tumors with preservation of the facial nerve.
  • [MeSH-major] Brachytherapy. Facial Nerve / physiopathology. Iodine Radioisotopes / therapeutic use. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery. Radiopharmaceuticals / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Adolescent. Adult. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / surgery. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / surgery. Cystadenocarcinoma, Papillary / surgery. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Parotid Gland / surgery. Recovery of Function / physiology. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18508237.001).
  • [ISSN] 0901-5027
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Iodine Radioisotopes; 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals
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34. Luna-Ortiz K, Navarrete-Alemán JE, Granados-García M, Herrera-Gómez A: Primary parapharyngeal space tumors in a Mexican cancer center. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2005 Apr;132(4):587-91
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  • Sixteen (76%) patients had benign lesions and 5 (24%) had malignant tumors.
  • Mean tumor size was of 6.7 cm (range, 3 to 11 cm).
  • Conversion to mandibular swing approach when the cervical approach is not offering proper exposure for tumor resection is indicated.
  • Nevertheless, CT scan should always be performed in order to exclude paragangliomas, distinguish prestyloid from poststyloid lesions, and to assess the extension of the tumor as well as its relationship with adjacent structures.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / mortality. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / radiotherapy. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Cancer Care Facilities. Cervical Vertebrae / surgery. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Laminectomy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Mexico. Middle Aged. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Gland / surgery. Pharyngectomy / methods. Pharynx / pathology. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Postoperative Complications / mortality. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Survival Rate. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15806051.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Salama AR, Ord RA: Clinical implications of the neck in salivary gland disease. Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am; 2008 Aug;20(3):445-58
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  • [Title] Clinical implications of the neck in salivary gland disease.
  • Neck manifestations from salivary gland tissue are most commonly related to inflammation and obstruction of the glands.
  • However, various benign and malignant processes are also seen along a continuum of clinical presentation and behavior.
  • Benign tumor implants in the neck can be managed with conservative surgery, whereas aggressive surgical management, including neck dissection and adjuvant therapy, is generally advocated for malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Neck / surgery. Salivary Gland Diseases / diagnosis. Salivary Gland Diseases / surgery. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / diagnosis. Adenolymphoma / surgery. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Carcinoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma / secondary. Carcinoma / surgery. Carcinosarcoma / diagnosis. Carcinosarcoma / secondary. Carcinosarcoma / surgery. Choristoma / diagnosis. Choristoma / surgery. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Neck Dissection. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery. Ranula / diagnosis. Ranula / surgery. Submandibular Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Submandibular Gland Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18603202.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-1365
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral and maxillofacial surgery clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 89
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36. Chan WH, Lee KW, Chiang FY, Ho KY, Chai CY, Kuo WR: Features of parotid gland diseases and surgical results in southern Taiwan. Kaohsiung J Med Sci; 2010 Sep;26(9):483-92
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  • [Title] Features of parotid gland diseases and surgical results in southern Taiwan.
  • Various parotid gland diseases are seen clinically, including inflammation, sialolithiasis, and benign and malignant tumors.
  • Here, we investigated the relationship between tumor characteristics and pathology, and considered whether the former could be used to differentiate malignant from benign parotid gland diseases.
  • Two hundred and eighty-one patients (88.9%) had benign disease, and 35 (11.1%) had malignant disease.
  • The most common benign disease was pleomorphic adenoma (115 cases, 36.4%), but the most common disease in male patients was Warthin's tumor, a finding which, as far as we aware, has not been previously been reported in the literature.
  • The incidence of Warthin's tumor seems to be increasing.
  • Compared with benign disease, malignant parotid gland disease more often presents as a hard, painful, fixed and large mass (> 3 cm), and more often involves the deep lobe of the parotid gland.
  • Partial parotidectomy was adequate for most tumors, including pleomorphic adenoma.
  • However, there was no difference in transient facial palsy rate between benign and malignant parotid gland disease, although parotid gland cancer had a higher incidence of permanent facial palsy postoperatively.
  • [MeSH-major] Parotid Diseases / pathology. Parotid Diseases / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Gland / surgery. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Taiwan / epidemiology. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2012 Jun;28(6):350-1 [22632893.001]
  • (PMID = 20837345.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-551X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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37. Kumar A, Banerjee A: Continuous maxillary and mandibular nerve block for perioperative pain relief: the excision of a complicated pleomorphic adenoma. Anesth Analg; 2005 Nov;101(5):1531-2
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  • [Title] Continuous maxillary and mandibular nerve block for perioperative pain relief: the excision of a complicated pleomorphic adenoma.
  • A 68-yr-old hypertensive patient with ischemic heart disease and intractable atrial fibrillation with stable hemodynamics and poor chest compliance underwent pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland using regional anesthesia with continuous propofol sedation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Mandibular Nerve. Maxillary Nerve. Nerve Block / methods. Pain, Postoperative / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16244026.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-2999
  • [Journal-full-title] Anesthesia and analgesia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anesth. Analg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Yaman H, Gerek M, Tosun F, Deveci S, Kiliç E, Arslan HH: Myoepithelioma of the parotid gland in a child: a case report. J Pediatr Surg; 2010 Jul;45(7):E5-7
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  • [Title] Myoepithelioma of the parotid gland in a child: a case report.
  • Myoepitheliomas of the parotid glands are very rare in the pediatric population.
  • They have some similar features with pleomorphic adenoma.
  • The treatment of myoepitheliomas is complete removal of the tumor.
  • We report a child with myoepithelioma of the parotid gland and review the related literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Myoepithelioma. Parotid Neoplasms

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20638511.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Perottino F, Barnoud R, Ambrun A, Poupart M, Pignat JC, Merrot O: Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland: diagnosis and management. Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis; 2010 Mar;127(1):20-2
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  • [Title] Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland: diagnosis and management.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe diagnostic and therapeutic management of a rare parotid lesion: sclerosing polycystic adenosis.
  • RESULTS: A 68-year-old man was referred with a right parotid nodule of 2 years' evolution.
  • Cytology diagnosed pleomorphic adenoma, verified on MRI.
  • CONCLUSION: Sclerosing polycystic adenosis of the parotid gland is a rare and recently described entity presenting several analogies to the much more frequent cystic mastitis.
  • Although benign and well-delimited, it requires complete exeresis of the parotid, due to a non-negligible risk of recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Gland / surgery. Sclerosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
  • (PMID = 20822751.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-730X
  • [Journal-full-title] European annals of otorhinolaryngology, head and neck diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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40. Kawamata T, Harashima S, Kubo O, Hori T: Intrasellar remote metastasis from adenoid cystic carcinoma of parotid gland: case report. Endocr J; 2006 Oct;53(5):659-63
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  • [Title] Intrasellar remote metastasis from adenoid cystic carcinoma of parotid gland: case report.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a tumor of exocrine glands originating primarily from the minor and major salivary glands, lacrimal gland, bronchus, breast, and intestinal and genital tracts.
  • Intracranial remote metastasis from adenoid cystic carcinoma in salivary gland is quite rare.
  • The authors encountered a case of intrasellar remote metastasis from an adenoid cystic carcinoma of parotid gland origin, presenting with hyponatremia secondary to the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH).
  • A 78-year-old woman had an adenoid cystic carcinoma in the left parotid gland, which was resected surgically followed by local radiation therapy of 60 Gy.
  • Histopathological examination of the tumor specimens revealed adenoid cystic carcinoma, which had identical histological findings as those of the painful superficial cervical lymph nodes resected in the same operation.
  • Tumors such as the present case are easily confused with pituitary adenoma or craniopharyngioma.
  • Although rare, metastasis from tumors including those of salivary gland origin should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unusual pituitary tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / secondary. Sella Turcica

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  • (PMID = 16902261.001).
  • [ISSN] 0918-8959
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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41. de Vicente Rodríguez JC, Fresno Forcelledo MF, González García M, Aguilar Andrea C: Sebaceous adenoma of the parotid gland. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal; 2006 Aug;11(5):E446-8
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  • [Title] Sebaceous adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • The majority of salivary gland neoplasms are benign, with malignant salivary tumors accounting for 15 to 32 percent.
  • The most common site for salivary gland tumors is the parotid gland, accounting up to 80 percent of all cases.
  • This article reports the pathologic picture in a case of sebaceous adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • The tumor was composed of epithelial cells lining ducts and closely associated with broad areas of sebaceous differentiation.
  • To the surgeon and pathologist, the major problem in dealing with sebaceous adenoma is the recognition of this rare entity, avoiding confusing with other more aggressive neoplasms.
  • The addition of the current case to the previously published data brings the total number of parotid sebaceous adenoma to seven.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16878064.001).
  • [ISSN] 1698-6946
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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42. Hyde J, Takashima M, Dodson B, Said S: Bilateral multinodular oncocytomas of the parotid arising in a background of bilateral oncocytic nodular hyperplasia. Ear Nose Throat J; 2008 Jan;87(1):51-4
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  • [Title] Bilateral multinodular oncocytomas of the parotid arising in a background of bilateral oncocytic nodular hyperplasia.
  • Oncocytic tumors of the major salivary glands are rare, accounting for less than 1% of all salivary gland tumors.
  • When they do occur, these neoplasms typically present as solitary nodules that affect only one major salivary gland, usually the parotid.
  • We report the case of a 53-year-old woman with a case of synchronous multiple bilateral multinodular oncocytomas that arose in a background of bilateral oncocytic nodular hyperplasia in the parotid glands.
  • The patient underwent superficial parotid resections, and at the 4-year follow-up, she exhibited no evidence of recurrence.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Oxyphilic / pathology. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18357950.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-5613
  • [Journal-full-title] Ear, nose, & throat journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ear Nose Throat J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Al-Naami MY, Guraya SY, Arafah MM, Al-Zobydi AH, Al-Tuwaijri TA: Clinicopathological pattern of malignant parotid gland tumors in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Med J; 2008 Mar;29(3):413-7
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  • [Title] Clinicopathological pattern of malignant parotid gland tumors in Saudi Arabia.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report our experience of varied presentations and diverse histopathological spectrum of parotid gland malignancies.
  • METHODS: This retrospective analysis incorporated patients with histological evidence of malignant parotid tumors at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia over a 20-year period from 1984 through 2004.
  • Nine (28.1%) patients had mucoepidermoid carcinoma, 8 (25%) adenoid cystic carcinoma, 6 (18.7%) adenocarcinoma, not otherwise specified, and 2 (6.2%) were reported to have carcinoma in pleomorphic adenoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Malignant parotid tumors are exceedingly rare, occurring at a relatively earlier age group with male preponderance, and invariably declare at a late clinical stage in our community.
  • [MeSH-major] Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18327370.001).
  • [ISSN] 0379-5284
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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44. Lubiński J, Tarnowska C, Jaworowska E, Byrski T, Jakubowska A, Górski B, Bień S, Sygut J, Góźdź S, Siołek M, Sulikowski M, Lubiński J: Pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands does not appear to be a BRCA-1-dependent tumour in a Polish cohort. Anticancer Res; 2008 Sep-Oct;28(5B):3011-3
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  • [Title] Pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands does not appear to be a BRCA-1-dependent tumour in a Polish cohort.
  • BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to examine whether pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands can occur on the basis of constitutional BRCA-1 mutations.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-eight patients affected by mixed tumour of salivary glands were examined for occurrence of three BRCA-1 mutations dominating in Poland.
  • RESULTS: BRCA-1 mutation was detected in only one of the patients, a female affected by breast cancer and pleomorphic adenoma of parotid gland.
  • Parotid gland tumour showed clinical and histopathological features of typical pleomorphic adenoma with no morphological features of high-grade malignancy, which are characteristic of BRCA-1-dependent tumours.
  • CONCLUSION: Considering the low frequency of BRCA-1 mutation in the examined group and also the absence of features characterizing BRCA-1-dependent tumours in the only BRCA-1-positive case, pleomorphic adenoma of salivary glands should not be recognized as a BRCA-1 dependent tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / genetics. Genes, BRCA1. Mutation. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19031948.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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45. Vacchi-Suzzi M, Bocciolini C, Bertarelli C, Dall'Olio D: Ki-67 proliferation rate as a prognostic marker in major salivary gland carcinomas. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol; 2010 Oct;119(10):677-83
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  • [Title] Ki-67 proliferation rate as a prognostic marker in major salivary gland carcinomas.
  • METHODS: Cell proliferation was evaluated by Mib-1 antibody against Ki-67 antigen in 41 patients with cancer of the parotid or submandibular glands, including 14 acinic cell carcinomas, 12 ductal carcinomas, 7 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, 5 carcinomas ex pleomorphic adenoma, 1 adenoid cystic carcinoma, 1 undifferentiated carcinoma, and 1 polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers / analysis. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / mortality. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / mortality. Carcinoma, Ductal / mortality. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / mortality. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Parotid Neoplasms / mortality. Prognosis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / mortality. Submandibular Gland Neoplasms / mortality

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  • (PMID = 21049853.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4894
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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46. de Oliveira FA, Duarte EC, Taveira CT, Máximo AA, de Aquino EC, Alencar Rde C, Vencio EF: Salivary gland tumor: a review of 599 cases in a Brazilian population. Head Neck Pathol; 2009 Dec;3(4):271-5
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  • [Title] Salivary gland tumor: a review of 599 cases in a Brazilian population.
  • Salivary gland tumors consist of a group of heterogeneous lesions with complex clinicopathological characteristics and distinct biological behaviors.
  • Worldwide series show a contrast in the relative incidence of salivary gland tumors, with some discrepancies in clinicopathological data.
  • Benign tumors represented 78.3% of the cases.
  • Parotid gland tumors were the most frequent (68.5% of cases) and patient age ranged from 1 to 88 years-old (median of 45 years old).
  • The most frequent tumors were pleomorphic adenomas (68.4%) and benign tumors were significantly more frequent in the parotid (75.9%), while malignant tumors were more frequent in the minor salivary glands (40%) (P < 0.05).
  • In conclusion, women and the parotid gland were the most affected and pleomorphic adenoma was the most frequent lesion, followed by adenoid cystic carcinoma and Warthin's tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Salivary Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Cites] J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2000 Feb;28(1):56-61 [10851675.001]
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  • (PMID = 20596844.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 15
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2811571
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47. Das DK, Anim JT: Pleomorphic adenoma of salivary gland: to what extent does fine needle aspiration cytology reflect histopathological features? Cytopathology; 2005 Apr;16(2):65-70
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  • [Title] Pleomorphic adenoma of salivary gland: to what extent does fine needle aspiration cytology reflect histopathological features?
  • OBJECTIVE: The histological diversity encountered in pleomorphic adenoma may cause diagnostic difficulty in fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology due to limited and selective sampling.
  • The present study based on 25 histologically confirmed pleomorphic adenoma cases attempts to find out to what extent FNA cytology reflects the histopathological features.
  • METHODS: May-Grunwald-Giemsa and Papanicolaou stained smears, and haematoxylin and eosin stained paraffin sections of 25 pleomorphic adenomas of parotid and submandibular glands were reviewed.
  • CONCLUSION: FNA cytology demonstrates well most of the histological features of pleomorphic adenoma of salivary gland and may be considered a useful tool in initial assessment of the tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Submandibular Gland Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Parotid Gland / pathology. Sample Size. Sensitivity and Specificity. Staining and Labeling / methods. Submandibular Gland / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15787647.001).
  • [ISSN] 0956-5507
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytopathology : official journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. Shehata EA: Extra-capsular dissection for benign parotid tumours. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2010 Feb;39(2):140-4
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  • [Title] Extra-capsular dissection for benign parotid tumours.
  • The most common benign tumour of the parotid is pleomorphic adenoma (PA).
  • This study aimed to evaluate the morbidity associated with ECD in managing benign parotid tumours and to demonstrate that the technique can be used outside specialist centres.
  • Twenty-six consecutive patients, diagnosed with benign parotid gland tumours were treated by ECD.
  • Their benign status was determined by history, clinical criteria and fine needle aspiration cytology.
  • Inclusion criteria were a discrete mobile lump, more than 3 cm in diameter and clinical/histological evidence of benign biological behaviour.
  • In 23 patients, the tumour was located entirely within the superficial lobe of the parotid.
  • ECD seems to be an alternative to superficial parotidectomy for most superficial parotid lumps.
  • [MeSH-major] Dissection / methods. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / pathology. Adenolymphoma / surgery. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Facial Nerve Injuries / etiology. Facial Paralysis / etiology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hematoma / etiology. Humans. Intraoperative Complications. Male. Middle Aged. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures. Parotid Gland / innervation. Postoperative Complications. Postoperative Hemorrhage / etiology. Prospective Studies. Rupture, Spontaneous. Time Factors

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20053535.001).
  • [ISSN] 1399-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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49. Shaw CK, Sood S, Bradley PJ, Krishnan S: Unusual mass in the parapharyngeal space: a Warthin's tumour. ANZ J Surg; 2006 Mar;76(3):193-4
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  • Most of the PPS tumours are salivary tumours (pleomorphic adenoma being the most frequent diagnosis), and are thought to originate from minor salivary glands or the deep lobe of the parotid gland.
  • Warthin's tumour, another benign salivary tumour involving the PPS has been rarely reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Pharynx / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Parotid Gland / surgery. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 16626365.001).
  • [ISSN] 1445-1433
  • [Journal-full-title] ANZ journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ANZ J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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50. Zhang Y, Gomez-Fernandez CR, Jorda M, Ganjei-Azar P: Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and pleural fluid cytology diagnosis of benign metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland in the lung: a case report and review of literature. Diagn Cytopathol; 2009 Nov;37(11):828-31
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  • [Title] Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and pleural fluid cytology diagnosis of benign metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland in the lung: a case report and review of literature.
  • Lesions that contain abundant benign myoepithelial cells, including pleomorphic adenomas of salivary gland origin, may present a diagnostic challenge in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens.
  • Benign metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma is a rare neoplasm, in which the benign appearing pleomorphic adenoma, without any histological evidence of malignancy, metastasizes to distant sites including lung.
  • Here we present the cytologic findings of such a metastatic tumor found in the lung FNA and pleural fluid specimens from a 64-year-old woman, with a history of local recurrent salivary gland pleomorphic adenomas, who presented with multiple bilateral pulmonary nodules and pleural effusion.
  • The diagnosis of benign metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma was made based on clinical information and cytomorphology, and confirmed by immunocytochemistry.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19582818.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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51. Logasundaram R, Amarawickrama H, Premachandra D, Hellquist H: Intracapsular (in situ) carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma with unusual clinical and histological features. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol; 2008 Dec;265(12):1563-6
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  • [Title] Intracapsular (in situ) carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma with unusual clinical and histological features.
  • Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma poses a challenge to diagnosis and treatment.
  • Herein we describe an extremely unusual case, which presented initially as an intracapsular carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma in the right parotid gland.
  • The first recurrence, after an interval of 8 years, showed only recurrence of the benign component.
  • No ductal carcinoma as seen in the initial intracapsular carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma was identified.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Myoepithelioma / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18288478.001).
  • [ISSN] 1434-4726
  • [Journal-full-title] European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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52. Suh MW, Hah JH, Kwon SK, Jung YH, Kwon TK, Kim KH, Sung MW: Clinical manifestations of recurrent parotid pleomorphic adenoma. Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol; 2009 Dec;2(4):193-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical manifestations of recurrent parotid pleomorphic adenoma.
  • OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to confirm the clinical characteristics of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma (RPA), and to identify those factors that affect the development of malignant transformation (MT) from RPA.
  • METHODS: The medical records of 270 patients, who were operated upon for parotid PA, were retrospectively reviewed.
  • In RPA(-MT) group tumor recurrence occurred in 21.4% of patients despite a clear resection margin.
  • A clear resection margin cannot guarantee a cure in RPA, and it seems that parotid pleomorphic adenomas slowly gain malignant characteristics after repeated recurrences.

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  • (PMID = 20072694.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-0720
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2804095
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Parotid glancl / Pleomorphic adenoma / Recurrence / Risk factor
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53. Tahoun N, Ezzat N: Diagnostic accuracy and pitfalls of preoperative fine needle aspiration cytology in salivary gland lesions. J Egypt Natl Canc Inst; 2008 Dec;20(4):358-68
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diagnostic accuracy and pitfalls of preoperative fine needle aspiration cytology in salivary gland lesions.
  • PURPOSE: Evaluation of diagnostic accuracy of preoperative fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) in salivary gland lesions.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 82 patients presented at NCI, Cairo University with salivary gland lesion who underwent preoperative FNAC diagnosis with subsequent excision and histopathologic assessment.
  • Parotid gland was involved in (68.3%), submandibular in (28%) and submental gland in (3.7%).
  • Forty cases (48.8%) were cytologically diagnosed as benign lesions, 26 (31.7%) were malignant and 10 (12.2%) were suspicious.
  • The most common benign cytologic diagnosis was pleomorphic adenoma; 16 out of 40 cases (40%), while the most common malignant tumor was carcinoma; 22 out of 26 cases (84.6%).
  • The rates of agreement of histopathologic type for benign and malignant tumors were 89.2% and 91%, respectively.
  • KEY WORDS: FNAC - Salivary gland lesions - Accuracy - Pitfalls.

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  • (PMID = 20571594.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-0362
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Egypt Natl Canc Inst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
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54. Manganaris A, Kiziridou A, Manganaris T: Unusual localization of an adenoid cystic carcinoma subsequent to superficial parotidectomy for a benign lesion. J Craniofac Surg; 2007 Jan;18(1):231-5
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  • [Title] Unusual localization of an adenoid cystic carcinoma subsequent to superficial parotidectomy for a benign lesion.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the parotid gland is relatively rare.
  • According to a retrospective study of the medical records and histopathology files of 514 cases of parotid tumors operated at our hospital over a period of 18 years, adenoid cystic carcinoma represented only 2.3% of all parotid gland neoplasms, a total of 12 cases.
  • In our records we retrieved only one documented case of adenoid cystic carcinoma that originated in the parotid gland subsequent to superficial parotidectomy for a benign lesion (pleomorphic adenoma).
  • An even more exceptional presentation of adenoid cystic carcinoma is as a bilobed tumor extending from the post auricular to the temporal and zygomatic region.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17251870.001).
  • [ISSN] 1049-2275
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of craniofacial surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Craniofac Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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55. Kara MI, Göze F, Ezirganli S, Polat S, Muderris S, Elagoz S: Neoplasms of the salivary glands in a Turkish adult population. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal; 2010 Nov;15(6):e880-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • STUDY DESIGN: The histological diagnosis records of the Department of Pathology at Cumhuriyet University were reevaluated for 125 patients who were treated for salivary gland tumors from 1987 to 2008.
  • RESULTS: A total of 125 primary salivary gland neoplasms, consisting of 95 (76%) benign and 30 (24%) malignant groups were recorded.
  • The most common major and minor salivary gland sites were the parotid (61.6%) and palatal glands (9.6%), respectively.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma was the most frequent benign tumor followed by Warthin's tumor.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although there were some discrepancies, the characteristics of salivary gland tumors of Turkish patients are in line with those of patients from other countries according to tumor type, tumor site distribution, and age and sex of patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20526249.001).
  • [ISSN] 1698-6946
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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56. Weinreb I, Simpson RH, Skálová A, Perez-Ordoñez B, Dardick I, Chetty R, Hunt JL: Ductal adenomas of salivary gland showing features of striated duct differentiation ('striated duct adenoma'): a report of six cases. Histopathology; 2010 Nov;57(5):707-15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ductal adenomas of salivary gland showing features of striated duct differentiation ('striated duct adenoma'): a report of six cases.
  • AIMS: To describe a salivary adenoma composed largely of unilayered ducts resembling striated ducts, and to differentiate it from similar adenomas, including canalicular and intercalated duct adenoma.
  • METHODS AND RESULTS: Six unilayered ductal adenomas were identified in parotid (four) and palate (two).
  • The typical epithelial 'beading' pattern with abundant stroma of canalicular adenoma was absent.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands / pathology

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Limited.
  • (PMID = 21054495.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2559
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins
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57. Guntinas-Lichius O, Klussmann JP, Wittekindt C, Stennert E: Parotidectomy for benign parotid disease at a university teaching hospital: outcome of 963 operations. Laryngoscope; 2006 Apr;116(4):534-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Parotidectomy for benign parotid disease at a university teaching hospital: outcome of 963 operations.
  • OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: The objective of this study was to analyze the perioperative and long-term complications after standardized lateral and total parotidectomy for benign parotid tumors and chronic parotitis with special regard on the training skill of the surgeons at a university teaching center.
  • First recurrence for pleomorphic adenoma was observed in 2% and for Warthin's tumor in 3%.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Standardized education in lateral and total parotidectomy for treatment of benign parotid disease under precise microscopic control is safe, demonstrates good results, and has low perioperative and long-term morbidity.
  • [MeSH-major] Hospitals, University / statistics & numerical data. Oral Surgical Procedures. Parotid Diseases / surgery. Parotid Gland / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16585855.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-852X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Xie CM, Kubba H: Parotidectomy in children: indications and complications. J Laryngol Otol; 2010 Dec;124(12):1289-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The following pathology was encountered: atypical mycobacterial infection (8.38 per cent), pleomorphic adenoma (4.19 per cent), lymphatic malformation (2.10 per cent), haemangioma (2 per cent), first branchial cleft anomaly (2 per cent), follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (2 per cent) and lipoblastoma (1.5 per cent).
  • CONCLUSION: We discuss the range of parotid pathology found in children, the approach to investigation, the surgical difficulties encountered, and ways to reduce the apparently higher rate of complications encountered.
  • Parotid surgery in children should be concentrated in the hands of a small number of surgeons with a particular interest in this area.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Mycobacterium Infections, Nontuberculous / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Parotid Gland / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20519039.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-5460
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of laryngology and otology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laryngol Otol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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59. Pistorio V, Teggi R, Bussi M: Simultaneous pleomorphic adenoma of the parapharyngeal space and contralateral submandibular gland. Case report. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital; 2008 Oct;28(5):257-60
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  • [Title] Simultaneous pleomorphic adenoma of the parapharyngeal space and contralateral submandibular gland. Case report.
  • Herein the case is reported of a synchronous parapharyngeal space pleomorphic adenoma arising from the pharyngeal prolongation of the parotid gland and the contralateral submandibular gland, diagnosed in a young Caucasian female.
  • Palpating the left submandibular region, a painless, mobile, rounded mass, 10 mm in diameter, apparently located in the submandibular gland, was detected.
  • Cytological diagnosis was that of a typical pleomorphic adenoma.
  • To the best of our knowledge this is the second case report in the English literature of a concomitant pleomorphic adenoma located both in the parapharyngeal space and the submandibular gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Parotid Neoplasms. Submandibular Gland Neoplasms

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  • [Cites] J Laryngol Otol. 1987 Jun;101(6):595-600 [3598361.001]
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  • (PMID = 19186457.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-100X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica : organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2689530
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60. Ungari C, Paparo F, Colangeli W, Iannetti G: Parotid glands tumours: overview of a 10-year experience with 282 patients, focusing on 231 benign epithelial neoplasms. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci; 2008 Sep-Oct;12(5):321-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Parotid glands tumours: overview of a 10-year experience with 282 patients, focusing on 231 benign epithelial neoplasms.
  • Salivary gland tumours are uncommon, representing less than 6% of head and neck neoplasm.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common benign epithelial salivary gland neoplasm, comprising 50%-74% of all parotid tumours.
  • The authors retrospectively reviewed 282 eligible patients surgically treated for parotid gland tumours in the last 10 years, focusing on 231 benign epithelial neoplasms.
  • The diagnosis of a parotid gland neoplasm must be considered in any patient presenting with a lump near the mandible.
  • Tumour pseudopodia and capsule ruptures are recognised factors involved in pleomorphic adenoma recurrences but also tumour multicentricity might play an important role.
  • [MeSH-major] Epithelium / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19024217.001).
  • [ISSN] 1128-3602
  • [Journal-full-title] European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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61. Yabuuchi H, Matsuo Y, Kamitani T, Setoguchi T, Okafuji T, Soeda H, Sakai S, Hatakenaka M, Nakashima T, Oda Y, Honda H: Parotid gland tumors: can addition of diffusion-weighted MR imaging to dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging improve diagnostic accuracy in characterization? Radiology; 2008 Dec;249(3):909-16
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Parotid gland tumors: can addition of diffusion-weighted MR imaging to dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging improve diagnostic accuracy in characterization?
  • PURPOSE: To determine the value of adding diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging to dynamic contrast material-enhanced MR imaging when distinguishing between benign and malignant parotid tumors.
  • The authors analyzed MR images of 50 lesions (36 benign, 14 malignant) in 47 patients.
  • Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive and negative predictive values were calculated for type A, B, and D tumors regarded as benign and for type C tumors regarded as malignant.
  • On the basis of DW MR imaging results, ADC threshold values between pleomorphic adenomas and carcinomas and between Warthin tumors and carcinomas were selected.
  • RESULTS: ADC threshold values were 1.4 x 10(-3) mm(2)/sec between pleomorphic adenomas and carcinomas and 1.0 x 10(-3) mm(2)/sec between Warthin tumors and carcinomas.
  • CONCLUSION: A persistent or flat TIC pattern on dynamic contrast-enhanced MR images indicates benign disease, but there is added value from including the ADC value in the evaluation of tumors that show a plateau or washout TIC pattern.
  • [MeSH-major] Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma / diagnosis. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • [Copyright] RSNA, 2008
  • (PMID = 18941162.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-1315
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Lo S, Di Palma S, Yusuf H, McCombe AW: Constitutive (HO-2) and inducible (HO-1) haem oxygenase in pleomorphic adenomas of the human parotid: an immunocytochemical study. J Laryngol Otol; 2005 Mar;119(3):179-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Constitutive (HO-2) and inducible (HO-1) haem oxygenase in pleomorphic adenomas of the human parotid: an immunocytochemical study.
  • This study examines the expression HO-1 and HO-2 isozymes in human parotid pleomorphic adenomas.
  • Immunocytochemistry using antibodies specific for HO-1 and HO-2 were undertaken in 12 pleomorphic adenoma specimens, all sections of which contained adjacent normal salivary tissue.
  • Normal salivary gland acini and ducts displayed significantly stronger immunoreactivity for HO-2 compared to tumour cells (p < 0.001).
  • Expression for HO-1 was minimal in both normal salivary gland acini and tumour cells with no difference (p = 1.000).
  • However, positive staining for HO-1 was seen in normal salivary ducts and in pleomorphic adenomas showing ductal differentiation.
  • In conclusion, this is the first study to examine the expression of HO-1 and HO-2 within normal salivary glands and pleomorphic adenomas.
  • Our findings suggest that HO may be implicated in the pathogenesis of salivary pleomorphic adenomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / enzymology. Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing) / metabolism. Parotid Neoplasms / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Down-Regulation. Female. Heme Oxygenase-1. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Isoenzymes / metabolism. Male. Membrane Proteins. Middle Aged. Parotid Gland / enzymology

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  • (PMID = 15845187.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-2151
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of laryngology and otology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laryngol Otol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Isoenzymes; 0 / Membrane Proteins; EC 1.14.99.3 / HMOX1 protein, human; EC 1.14.99.3 / Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing); EC 1.14.99.3 / Heme Oxygenase-1; EC 1.14.99.3 / heme oxygenase-2
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63. Suwała P, Wilczyński K, Barnaś S, Prudlak E: [A rare case of multiple primary benign neoplasm of parotid gland: oncocytoma and adenolimphoma]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2009 Sep;63(7):89-92
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  • [Title] [A rare case of multiple primary benign neoplasm of parotid gland: oncocytoma and adenolimphoma].
  • AIM OF THE WORK: The authors present unusually rare case primary multiple synchronicus benign tumor of the ipsilateral parotid gland: oncocytoma and Warthin's tumor, which is rare among occasionally occurred multiple tumors with different histology in the salivary glands.
  • MATERIAL AND METHOD: A 71-year-old man presented with the tumor in the right parotid gland.
  • We performed excision of the superficial lobe of the parotid gland.
  • The preoperative ultrasonography and macroscopic analysis of the removed parotid gland tissue revealed only one tumor recognised histopathologically as adenolimphoma, but upon histopathological examination Warthin's tumor proved to coexist with oncocytoma.
  • The superficial parotidectomy protects from the recrudescence of the superficial lobe of the parotid gland tumors.
  • The coexistence of the oncocytoma and Warthin's in one parotid gland is extremely rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / pathology. Adenoma, Oxyphilic / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Humans. Male. Parotid Gland / pathology. Rare Diseases. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20564910.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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64. Steele NP, Wenig BM, Sessions RB: A case of pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland metastasizing to a mediastinal lymph node. Am J Otolaryngol; 2007 Mar-Apr;28(2):130-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland metastasizing to a mediastinal lymph node.
  • OBJECTIVE: Pleomorphic adenomas are the most common salivary gland tumors and are typically cured with complete surgical excision.
  • There are rare reports, however, in which these histologically benign tumors have inexplicably metastasized to distant sites.
  • We present a case of a patient who presented, 27 years after excision of a parotid pleomorphic adenoma, with a recurrence in the parotid bed and a mediastinal metastasis.
  • METHODS: A 43-year-old woman presented with a mass in the right parotid bed 27 years after excision of a pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid.
  • The patient's presentation, workup, and final diagnosis of benign metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma will be discussed, along with a pertinent review of the literature.
  • RESULTS: A diagnosis of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma was made from a fine needle aspiration biopsy of the right parotid mass.
  • On subsequent computed tomographic scan, chest images revealed an incidental left mediastinal mass, which also proved to be a pleomorphic adenoma on computed tomography-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy.
  • Examination of the pathology specimens confirmed a diagnosis of pleomorphic adenoma in both the parotid bed and the mediastinum.
  • No histologic characteristics of malignancy were seen in either specimen; therefore, a diagnosis of benign metastasizing mixed tumor was rendered.
  • CONCLUSION: Benign metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma is a rare and controversial but distinct clinical entity.
  • Although the definition of the term benign precludes metastatic disease, these tumors do not demonstrate any malignant features yet metastasize to distant sites.
  • It remains to be determined whether these benign metastasizing pleomorphic adenomas are really low-grade salivary malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17362821.001).
  • [ISSN] 0196-0709
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Katori H, Nozawa A, Tsukuda M: Increased expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and Ki-67 are associated with malignant transformation of pleomorphic adenoma. Auris Nasus Larynx; 2007 Mar;34(1):79-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Increased expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and Ki-67 are associated with malignant transformation of pleomorphic adenoma.
  • OBJECTIVES: In the present study, we attempted to identify cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression and Ki-67 index in carcinoma ex-pleomorphic adenoma (Ca ex-PA) using quantitative immunohistochemical analysis and to compare the benign component of the neoplasia.
  • RESULTS: In the immunohistochemical analysis of COX-2 and Ki-67 index, significant increase was observed in Ca ex-PA, especially with adenocarcinoma, compared to pleomorphic adenoma and sialadenitis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The data support the hypothesis that increased COX-2 expression is associated with early events in malignant transformation of pleomorphic adenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / immunology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism. Cyclooxygenase 2 / immunology. Ki-67 Antigen / immunology. Parotid Neoplasms / immunology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / immunology

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  • (PMID = 17049779.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-8146
  • [Journal-full-title] Auris, nasus, larynx
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Auris Nasus Larynx
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2
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66. Zhang XW, Li Y, Liu JJ, Liu X, Wang ZL, Hu B: Glucocorticoid receptor subunit gene expression in parotid gland and adenomas. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Dec;135(6):849-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Glucocorticoid receptor subunit gene expression in parotid gland and adenomas.
  • OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to investigate the expressions of glucocorticoid receptor-alpha (GR-alpha) and -beta (GR-beta) messenger RNA (mRNA) in normal parotid and adenoma tissues.
  • STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Eighteen pleomorphic adenomas of the parotid gland and 12 parotid gland tissues adjacent to adenomas were studied by using real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction method.
  • RESULTS: The expression of both GR-alpha and GR-beta mRNA in parotid adenoma were higher than that in normal parotid glands (P<0.001), the GR-alpha/GR-beta ratios in parotid adenoma were lower than that in normal parotid glands (P<0.001), and there were no differences of both GR-alpha and GR-beta mRNA as well as GR-alpha/GR-beta ratios in male and female (P>0.05).
  • The mRNA levels of these 2 GRs were higher, whereas the GR-alpha/GR-beta ratios were lower in adenomas tissues than that in the parotid gland; no differences of these 2 GRs as well as GR-alpha/GR-beta ratios were found between sexes.
  • These data indicate that the relationship between the expressions of GRs and the clinical significance in parotid adenomas need further and profound investigation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / genetics. Gene Expression. Parotid Gland / metabolism. Parotid Neoplasms / genetics. Receptors, Glucocorticoid / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17141072.001).
  • [ISSN] 0194-5998
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Glucocorticoid; 0 / glucocorticoid receptor alpha; 0 / glucocorticoid receptor beta
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67. Bonfils P, de Preobrajenski N, Miranda L, Halimi P, Bigorgne C, Nguyen B: [Multifocal nodular oncocytosis hyperplasia of the parotid gland]. Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac; 2007 Jun;124(2):76-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Multifocal nodular oncocytosis hyperplasia of the parotid gland].
  • [Transliterated title] L'hyperplasie oncocytaire nodulaire multifocale de la glande parotide.
  • OBJECTIVES: Oncocytic lesions rarely affect the parotid gland, accounting for less than 1% of all salivary lesions.
  • Multifocal nodular oncocytosis hyperplasia of the parotid gland represents an extremely rare, non-tumorous pathology of the parotid gland.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report a case of multifocal nodular oncocytosis hyperplasia of the parotid gland in a 70-year-old woman who was referred for a left preauricular mass that had gradually increased in size over the last 2 years.
  • RESULTS: MRI demonstrated multiple bilateral lesions of the parotid glands.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Oxyphilic / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17434137.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-438X
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales d'oto-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico faciale : bulletin de la Société d'oto-laryngologie des hôpitaux de Paris
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Otolaryngol Chir Cervicofac
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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68. Lohuis PJ, Tan ML, Bonte K, van den Brekel MW, Balm AJ, Vermeersch HB: Superficial parotidectomy via facelift incision. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol; 2009 Apr;118(4):276-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The stigma of a visually prominent facial scar following parotid surgery can be distressing to a young patient.
  • Thirty patients with a benign lesion of the parotid gland underwent a partial superficial parotidectomy via a modified facelift incision.
  • The facelift incision provides adequate exposure of the parotid gland for (partial) superficial parotidectomy.
  • It can be offered as an alternative to a select group of patients who present with a small, mobile tumor in the tail of the parotid gland and an explicit request for an invisible postoperative scar.
  • [MeSH-major] Esthetics. Parotid Gland / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / surgery. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Cysts / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Rhytidoplasty

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  • (PMID = 19462848.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4894
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Rzewnicki I, Woińska-Rojecka T, Othman J, Mazus K: [Salivary gland neoplasms in the years 1991-2006 in the material of the Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University in Bialystok]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(5):817-21
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  • [Title] [Salivary gland neoplasms in the years 1991-2006 in the material of the Department of Otolaryngology, Medical University in Bialystok].
  • Complex structure of salivary glands, histological diversity of malignant salivary gland neoplasms and heterogeneous clinical image make therapeutic strategy difficult and controversial.
  • The aim of this work was an epidemiologic analysis of 86 salivary gland tumour cases (in years 1991-2000) and 82 cases treated at the Otolaryngological Clinic of the Medical University of Bialystok (in years 2001-2006).
  • The study was based on TNM Tumor Classification: large salivary glands (1977).
  • It was found that malignant epithelial salivary gland tumours affect most commonly the parotid gland in men aged over 50 years.
  • Remote metastases were observed most commonly in patients with polymorphic adenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Salivary Gland Neoplasms / classification. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18552027.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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70. Ricks R, Banga R, Porter M: Gustatory itching: an unusual complication following superficial parotidectomy. J Laryngol Otol; 2010 Nov;124(11):1227-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery. Postoperative Complications / etiology. Pruritus / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Cutaneous. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Female. Histamine / metabolism. Histamine / physiology. Histamine Antagonists / therapeutic use. Humans. Middle Aged. Parotid Gland / innervation. Parotid Gland / surgery. Spinothalamic Tracts / physiology

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  • (PMID = 20482949.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-5460
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of laryngology and otology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laryngol Otol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Histamine Antagonists; 820484N8I3 / Histamine
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71. Chen AM, Garcia J, Bucci MK, Quivey JM, Eisele DW: The role of postoperative radiation therapy in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2007 Jan 1;67(1):138-43
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  • [Title] The role of postoperative radiation therapy in carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of postoperative radiation therapy on the clinical course of patients with carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between 1960 and 2004, 63 patients were treated with definitive surgery for carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • CONCLUSION: Surgery followed by postoperative radiation should be considered the standard of care for patients with carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / radiotherapy. Parotid Neoplasms / radiotherapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / mortality. Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / mortality. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / surgery. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Postoperative Period. Radiotherapy Dosage. Salivary Ducts. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / mortality. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17049183.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Nowak K: [Carcinosarcoma arising from a preexisting pleomorphic adenoma--true malignant mixed tumor of the parotid gland]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2007;61(6):1024-7
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  • [Title] [Carcinosarcoma arising from a preexisting pleomorphic adenoma--true malignant mixed tumor of the parotid gland].
  • Carcinosarcoma (true malignant mixed tumor) is rare in salivary gland neoplasms.
  • Even rarer is a carcinosarcoma arising from a preexisting pleomorphic adenoma.
  • Computed tomography and USG-examination revealed a mass originating from left parotid gland.
  • Clinical and histologic date revealed it had developed from a preexisting pleomorphic adenoma.
  • This tumor seemed to consist of two histogenetically different populations of cells.
  • We also review the literature and dicuss the histogenetic origin of the carcinosarcoma of salivary gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinosarcoma / pathology. Mixed Tumor, Malignant / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18546958.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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73. Rossi Izquierdo M, Frade González C, Cabanas Rodríguez E, Dios Loureiro C, Lozano Ramírez A, Labella Caballero T: [Our experience in the treatment of the tumors of parotid gland]. An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am; 2007;34(3):257-71
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  • [Title] [Our experience in the treatment of the tumors of parotid gland].
  • [Transliterated title] Nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de los tumores de glándula parótida.
  • We analyse our results in the treatment of the tumors of the parotid gland, diagnosticated from 1981 till end of 2004.
  • We saw 132 patients with tumors of the parotid, being 41 of them malignant.
  • Surgery is the treatment of election in the tumors of epitelial origin of the parotid gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / surgery. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Gland / surgery. Postoperative Complications. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17725170.001).
  • [ISSN] 0303-8874
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales otorrinolaringológicos ibero-americanos
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Otorrinolaringol Ibero Am
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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74. Fujita Y, Kubota A, Furukawa M, Yagi H, Tsukuda M: [Parotid gland cancer treatment with facial nerve preservation]. Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho; 2010 Mar;113(3):115-22
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  • [Title] [Parotid gland cancer treatment with facial nerve preservation].
  • Based on clinical features in 34 cases of parotid gland cancer treated between January 1997 and December 2007, tumor, node, and metastasis classification found 5 subjects to be T1, 12 to be T2, 7 to be T3, and 10 to be T4a.
  • Histopathologically, 10 different tumor types were observed, with carci-noma ex pleomorphic adenoma the most common.
  • Preoperative fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of parotid gland tumor was done on 126 and cytological findings compared to histopathologic diagnoses of surgically resected specimens.
  • Six malignant tumors were diagnosed as benign and 4 benign as malignant by FNAC, indicating that FNAC results alone may not be sufficient for diagnosing malignancy definitively.
  • [MeSH-major] Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20387599.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6622
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Jibiinkoka Gakkai kaiho
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Jibiinkoka Gakkai Kaiho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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75. Farah-Klibi F, Ferchiou M, Kourda J, El Amine O, Ferjaoui M, Ben Jilani S, Zermani R: [Parotid basal cell adenoma of membranous type]. Tunis Med; 2009 Feb;87(2):149-51
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  • [Title] [Parotid basal cell adenoma of membranous type].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenome a cellules basales de type membraneux de la parotide.
  • INTRODUCTION: Basal cell adenoma (BCA) is a rare benign neoplasm characterized by the basaloid appearance of the tumour cells and the lack of myxo-chondroid stromal component present in pleomorphic adenoma.
  • AIM: We report a case of basal cell adenoma of membranous type, highly suspected of malignancy because of the presence of mediastinal lymph nodes and pulmonary nodules which finally were related to an associated sarcoidosis.
  • OBSERVATION: Our patient was an 80-year-old woman who presented a swelling of the right parotid two years ago.
  • So the diagnosis of metastatic malignant salivary gland tumor was suspected.
  • Finally, the histological examination concluded to a basal cell adenoma of membranous type with sarcoidosis granulomas in the parotid and in the lymph nodes.
  • CONCLUSION: The BCA is a benign tumor located generally in the parotid gland.
  • When the malignancy is suspected, like in our case, this tumor must be differentiated from the basal cell adenocarcinoma using histological criteria.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sarcoidosis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19522450.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4131
  • [Journal-full-title] La Tunisie médicale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tunis Med
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Tunisia
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76. Nouraei SA, Ismail Y, Ferguson MS, McLean NR, Milner RH, Thomson PJ, Welch AR: Analysis of complications following surgical treatment of benign parotid disease. ANZ J Surg; 2008 Mar;78(3):134-8
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  • [Title] Analysis of complications following surgical treatment of benign parotid disease.
  • BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to study the incidence of, and risk factors for developing complications following parotidectomy for benign disease, to improve preoperative patient counselling and better inform future surgical management.
  • METHODS: An 11-year retrospective review of 162 parotidectomies for benign disease, collecting and analysing data about presentation, investigations, surgical treatment, postoperative facial nerve function, Frey's syndrome and other surgical complications.
  • The commonest pathology was benign pleomorphic adenoma (43%), followed by Warthin's tumour (30%) and chronic sialadenitis (22%).
  • Parotid duct ligation increased the risk of nerve palsy in the distribution of zygomatic and buccal branches.
  • CONCLUSION: The incidence of postoperative complications was influenced by the pathology, with inflammatory lesions significantly increasing the risk of facial nerve dysfunction and other complications, but also by variations in surgical practice, such as parotid duct ligation.
  • [MeSH-major] Facial Paralysis / epidemiology. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / adverse effects. Parotid Diseases / pathology. Parotid Diseases / surgery. Parotid Gland / surgery. Postoperative Complications / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18269474.001).
  • [ISSN] 1445-2197
  • [Journal-full-title] ANZ journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ANZ J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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77. Pietniczka-Załeska M, Dabrowska-Bień J: [Parotid tumors: a two-year experience of Otolaryngology Department at MSS Hospital in Warsaw]. Otolaryngol Pol; 2009 Sep;63(7):43-6
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  • [Title] [Parotid tumors: a two-year experience of Otolaryngology Department at MSS Hospital in Warsaw].
  • Most of theme--up to 80%--originate from the parotid gland.
  • All of the patients had ultrasound examination prior to operation to estimate the spread and the type of the tumor.
  • RESULTS: The frequency of incidence of benign tumours was 90% and the most frequent histopathological diagnosis was pleomorphic adenoma (49%) and adenolymphoma (42%).
  • CONCLUSION: Superficial and total parotidectomy are safe procedures of treatment in case of salivary gland tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / epidemiology. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20564899.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6657
  • [Journal-full-title] Otolaryngologia polska = The Polish otolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otolaryngol Pol
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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78. Abd-Elhamid ES, Elshafei MM: Immunohistochemical localization of mdm-2, p27Kip1 and bcl-2 in Warthin's tumor of the parotid gland. Diagn Pathol; 2009;4:14
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical localization of mdm-2, p27Kip1 and bcl-2 in Warthin's tumor of the parotid gland.
  • BACKGROUND: Warthin's tumor is a benign monomorphic adenoma with unclear origin that almost occur exclusively in the parotid gland.
  • Etiology of Warthin's tumor as well as its malignant potential are still unclear.
  • Therefore immunohistochemical assessment of Warthin's tumor may be useful to detect its origin or its malignant transformation potential.
  • AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to investigate the immunohistochemical expression of murine double minute-2 (mdm-2), p27Kip1 and B cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2) in Warthin's tumor of parotid gland and also to clarify the role of these proteins in the behavior of that tumor.
  • METHODS: Twenty paraffin blocks of cases previously diagnosed as Warthin's tumor were collected for immunohistochemical staining with primary antibodies against mdm-2, p27Kip1 and bcl-2 using streptavidin-biotin immunoperoxidase staining system.
  • CONCLUSION: Mdm-2 played a tumor-suppressor role that might be implicated with the benign behavior of Warthin's tumor.

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  • (PMID = 19445705.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2693442
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79. Mandel L, Carrao V: Bilateral parotid diffuse hyperplastic oncocytosis: case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg; 2005 Apr;63(4):560-2
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  • [Title] Bilateral parotid diffuse hyperplastic oncocytosis: case report.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Oxyphilic / pathology. Oxyphil Cells / pathology. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2005 Oct;63(10):1556-7 [16182930.001]
  • (PMID = 15789332.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-2391
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery : official journal of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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80. Smolka W, Eggensperger N, Stauffer-Brauch EJ, von Bredow F, Lizuka T: Pleomorphic adenoma in an atypical location near the temporomandibular joint: a case report. Quintessence Int; 2007 May;38(5):417-21
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  • [Title] Pleomorphic adenoma in an atypical location near the temporomandibular joint: a case report.
  • Pleomorphic adenomas primarily arise in the major salivary glands, especially in the parotid.
  • In this report, a pleomorphic adenoma in an atypical location--the region of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ)--is presented.
  • The tumor was solitary, closely attached to the capsule of the TMJ and superior to the parotid gland, with clear demarcation.
  • Clinically, the tumor resembled TMJ pathology, but MRI examination led to diagnosis of a benign tumor attached to the TMJ.
  • This report shows that pleomorphic adenoma can be a possible diagnosis for lesions at the joint capsule.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Temporomandibular Joint / pathology. Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17568841.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-7163
  • [Journal-full-title] Quintessence international (Berlin, Germany : 1985)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Quintessence Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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81. Ide F, Mishima K, Yamada H, Saito I: Adenoid cystic carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. Head Neck Pathol; 2009 Jun;3(2):159-62
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  • [Title] Adenoid cystic carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • There is a considerable variation in the histologic subtype of epithelial malignancies among carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenomas (CXPA) and virtually any known carcinoma entity can develop.
  • To our knowledge, adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) ex PA is quite rare despite the fact that de novo AdCC is the fourth most common salivary gland malignancy.
  • We describe a new case of AdCC ex PA in the parotid gland of a 62 year-old woman.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19644550.001).
  • [ISSN] 1936-0568
  • [Journal-full-title] Head and neck pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Head Neck Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenoid cystic carcinoma / Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma / High-grade malignancy / Parotid gland
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82. Gobić MB, Pedisić D, Bekafigo IS, Cerović R, Starcević R, Gobić D, Juretić M: Fine needle aspiration cytology in the evaluation of parotid gland tumors. Coll Antropol; 2010 Jun;34(2):345-8
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  • [Title] Fine needle aspiration cytology in the evaluation of parotid gland tumors.
  • Main objective of this study was to evaluate the usefulness and accuracy of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) diagnosis of parotid masses to distinguish reliably between benign and malignant lesions.
  • In the period of 5 years, 214 parotid glands were resected at the Rijeka University Hospital Center (Croatia), but 176 patients had cytopathological and histopathological diagnoses and therefore fulfilled the criteria for study.
  • Histological evaluation revealed 17malignant and 159 benign lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Fine-Needle / methods. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / pathology. Adenoma / surgery. Adenoma / ultrasonography. Adult. Aged. Croatia. Cysts / pathology. False Negative Reactions. Female. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Parotid Diseases / pathology. Reproducibility of Results. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 20698100.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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83. Lü BJ, Zhu J, Gao L, Xie L, Xu JY, Lai MD: [Diagnostic accuracy and pitfalls in fine needle aspiration cytology of salivary glands: a study of 113 cases]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Nov;34(11):706-10
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  • OBJECTIVE: To describe the fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) features of various salivary gland lesions and to analyze the respective diagnostic value and pitfalls.
  • METHODS: 113 FNAC specimens of salivary gland lesions were reviewed and correlated with clinical and histopathologic findings.
  • RESULTS: The FNAC diagnostic failure (2); non-neoplastic lesions (12); benign neoplasm (82) and malignant neoplasm (17).
  • Cytologically, the distinction between cellular pleomorphic adenoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma and basal cell adenoma could be difficult due to their overlapping morphologic features.
  • The cytologic patterns of primary lymphoepithelial carcinoma of the parotid were indistinguishable from those of metastatic nasopharyngeal undifferentiated carcinoma.
  • The three inaccurately diagnosed cases of FNAC are, as follows: reactive lymphoid hyperplasia of lymph node mistaken as non-Hodgkin lymphoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma diagnosed as "scanty atypical cells present" and primary lymphoepithelial carcinoma mistaken as benign lymphoepithelial lesion.
  • On the basis of FNAC, 97.4% (110 /113) were correctly depicted as benign (95/96; 99.0%) or malignant (15/17; 88.2%).
  • Furthermore, 90.3% (102 /113) (specificity = 91.9%; 102/111) were accurately diagnosed, including 91.7% (88/96) benign lesions (specificity = 92.6% ; 88/95) and 82.4% (14/17) malignant tumors (specificity = 87.5%; 14/16).
  • CONCLUSIONS: FNAC is reliable in distinguishing benign and malignant salivary gland lesions.
  • On the other hand, due to the pitfalls in cytologic diagnosis of certain salivary gland tumors, tissue biopsy for histologic examination may be necessary.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / pathology. Salivary Glands / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenolymphoma / pathology. Adenoma / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Errors. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Submandibular Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16536312.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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84. Hernández Sandemetrio R, Armengot Carceller M, Alba García JR, Taleb C, Jiménez Roig JP, Frías Moya-Angeler S, Basterra Alegría J: [Pleomorphic adenoma of deep lobe of the parotid gland]. Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp; 2006 Jan;57(1):56-8
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  • [Title] [Pleomorphic adenoma of deep lobe of the parotid gland].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenoma pleomorfo gigante de lóbulo profundo de la parótida: a propósito de un caso.
  • This report describes a case of a pleomorphic adenoma in the deep lobe of the parotid gland presented like a parapharyngeal mass, and its diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16503035.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-6519
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta otorrinolaringológica española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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85. Srivastava AK, Jagetia A, Tatke M, Khurana N: Scalp and intracranial metastasis from pleomorphic adenocarcinoma of the parotid gland. Neurol India; 2007 Oct-Dec;55(4):433-4
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  • [Title] Scalp and intracranial metastasis from pleomorphic adenocarcinoma of the parotid gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology. Scalp / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18040138.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-3886
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurology India
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol India
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] India
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86. Lu YC, Fan WJ, Shen JX, Xiao P: [CT features of parotid tumors: an analysis of 133 cases]. Ai Zheng; 2007 Nov;26(11):1263-7
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  • [Title] [CT features of parotid tumors: an analysis of 133 cases].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Most parotid tumors grow slowly.
  • This study was to analyze the CT features of parotid tumors.
  • METHODS: CT images of 133 patients with 157 lesions of parotid tumors, confirmed by histopathology, were reviewed.
  • RESULTS: Among the 157 lesions, 110 (70.1%) were benign tumors, 18 (11.5%) were borderline tumors, and 29 (18.5%) were malignant tumors; 80 (72.7%) benign lesions and 14 (77.8%) borderline lesions located in the superficial lobe, whereas 7 (24.1%) malignant lesions located in the deep lobe and 10 (34.5%) in both the superficial lobe and the deep lobe; 99 (90.0%) benign lesions had sharp margins, 8 (44.4%) borderline lesions had sharp margins and 10 (55.6%) had partly unsharp margins, 10 (34.5%) malignant lesions had partly unsharp margins and 11 (37.9%) had unsharp margins.
  • Most benign lesions were round (68/110, 61.8%) or oval (23/110, 20.9%), while malignant lesions were often irregular (14/29, 48.3%).
  • All the lesions which involved the bed of parotid gland were malignant.
  • No benign tumor involved adjacent structures.
  • CONCLUSION: On CT images, a parotid tumor located in the superficial lobe, with a round or oval contour and sharp margin, is more likely to be a benign tumor; otherwise, it might be a malignant tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / radiography. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / radiography. Parotid Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / radiography. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Acinar Cell / radiography. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiography. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Gland / radiography. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 17991330.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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87. van der Schroeff MP, de Ru JA, Slootweg PJ: Case-report: metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. B-ENT; 2007;3(1):21-5
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  • [Title] Case-report: metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • CASE-REPORT: Metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • We present a case of metastasizing pleomorphic adenoma (MPA).
  • The patient died in 2002 at the age of 64 years, following on an initial diagnosis of a pleomorphic adenoma of the right parotid gland at the age of nineteen, multiple local recurrences and finally rib metastases.
  • Histological examination of the excised tissue from the parotid gland and the metastases showed it to be a pleomorphic adenoma without any signs of malignancy, although the metastatic deposits consisted mostly of a myoepithelial component.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Parotid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ribs. Tonsillar Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Combined Modality Therapy. Diphosphonates. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Organotechnetium Compounds. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Gland / surgery. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Reoperation. Skull Neoplasms / diagnosis. Skull Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Skull Neoplasms / secondary. Skull Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17451122.001).
  • [ISSN] 1781-782X
  • [Journal-full-title] B-ENT
  • [ISO-abbreviation] B-ENT
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Diphosphonates; 0 / Organotechnetium Compounds; 0 / technetium Tc 99m hydroxydiphosphonate
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88. Teymoortash A, Krasnewicz Y, Werner JA: Clinical features of cystadenolymphoma (Warthin's tumor) of the parotid gland: a retrospective comparative study of 96 cases. Oral Oncol; 2006 Jul;42(6):569-73
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  • [Title] Clinical features of cystadenolymphoma (Warthin's tumor) of the parotid gland: a retrospective comparative study of 96 cases.
  • The details of the etiopathogenesis of cystadenolymphoma (Warthin's tumor) are still unclear.
  • To explore the possible risk factors for the development of this tumor, medical records of 81 patients with 96 Warthin's tumors of the parotid glands were compared retrospectively with those of 91 patients with pleomorphic adenoma.
  • The medical history and clinical tumor characteristics of all patients were similar.
  • However, a significant male predominance of patients with Warthin's tumor could be noted (P<0.05).
  • The male to female ratio was 3.3:1 in patients with Warthin's tumor.
  • Multifocal Warthin's tumor were detected in five cases (6.2%), and 10 patients (12.3%) had bilateral lesions.
  • The odds ratio for the incidence of Warthin's tumor among current smokers compared with never smokers was 8.3 (P<0.0001).
  • Compared with never smokers, clearly higher odds of Warthin's tumor was observed in heavy smokers (more than 30 pack-years) (odds ratio=24.1, P<0.0001) than patients who smoked less than 30 pack-years (odds ratio=4.9, P<0.0001).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenolymphoma / etiology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / etiology. Parotid Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16469528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1368-8375
  • [Journal-full-title] Oral oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oral Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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89. Wine H, Baum M: Jacques-Louis David's tumour: an opportunity to study the natural history of a pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland. J R Soc Med; 2008 Dec;101(12):583-6
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  • [Title] Jacques-Louis David's tumour: an opportunity to study the natural history of a pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • We submit that this evidence suggests that malignant transformation of a pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland was the proximal cause of his death.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / history. Art / history. Parotid Neoplasms / history

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  • [Cites] Head Neck Surg. 1986 Jan-Feb;8(3):177-84 [3744850.001]
  • [Cites] Br J Hosp Med. 1994 May 18-31;51(10):516-21 [7921489.001]
  • [CommentIn] J R Soc Med. 2009 Apr;102(4):127 [19349500.001]
  • (PMID = 19092027.001).
  • [ISSN] 1758-1095
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J R Soc Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Biography; Historical Article; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Personal-name-as-subject] David JL
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2625377
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90. Somefun OA, Oyeneyin JO, Abdulkarrem FB, da Lilly-Tariah OB, Nimkur LT, Esan OO: Surgery of parotid gland tumours in lagos: a 12 year review. Niger Postgrad Med J; 2007 Mar;14(1):72-5
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  • [Title] Surgery of parotid gland tumours in lagos: a 12 year review.
  • BACKGROUND/AIM: Tumours of the parotid gland are not common.
  • Parotid tumours can pose a challenge both in diagnosis and treatment.
  • Various factors contribute to the management difficulties of parotid tumours for the Head neck surgeon.
  • The aim of the study is to determine the presentation and management of parotid tumours requiring surgery at the Burns and Plastic and Otolaryngology (ORL) units of the hospital.
  • RESULTS: A total of 58 patients with parotid tumours were seen with ages ranging from 25-65 years.
  • Forty-two (72.4%) presented with firm preauricular swelling, 1.7% as dumb bell tumour and post surgical recurrence tumour respectively, 6.8% as tail of parotid tumour and 3.5% as bilateral disease.
  • Histological diagnosis confirmed 65.5% as pleomorphic adenoma, 20.72% as carcinomas of which adenoidcystic and mucoepidermoid tumours were the commonest,3.45% as lymphoma and 1.7% as Sjogrens syndrome, oxyphil and Warthins tumour respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: The commonest parotid salivary gland tumour requiring surgery is pleomorphic adenoma, presenting as a pre-auricular mass and the commonest post- surgical complication was facial nerve palsy involving the mandibular branch.
  • A good knowledge of the surgical anatomy of the gland, clinical behaviour and biologic nature of the tumours will ensure better surgical management.
  • [MeSH-major] Parotid Gland. Parotid Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic. Humans. Nigeria. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 17356597.001).
  • [ISSN] 1117-1936
  • [Journal-full-title] The Nigerian postgraduate medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Niger Postgrad Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Nigeria
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91. Klieb HB, Perez-Ordoñez B: Oncocytic lipoadenoma of the parotid gland with sebaceous differentiation. Study of its keratin profile. Virchows Arch; 2006 Dec;449(6):722-5
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  • [Title] Oncocytic lipoadenoma of the parotid gland with sebaceous differentiation. Study of its keratin profile.
  • Oncocytic lipoadenomas of salivary gland are extremely rare tumors with only two previously reported cases.
  • The tumor was encapsulated and measured 3 x 2.5 x 2 cm.
  • Microscopically, the tumor comprised a mixture of oncocytes with "light" and "dark" cells intimately associated with mature adipose tissue.
  • Calponin and actins were negative, indicating a lack of myoepithelial cells in the tumor.
  • The keratin profile and p63 expression of this oncocytic lipoadenoma suggest the presence of a dual cell population somewhat similar to the dual cell population described in some ultrastructural studies of pure salivary gland oncocytomas and may represent partial basal-cell differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Keratins / analysis. Lipoma / pathology. Parotid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 1991 Jun;15(6):514-28 [2031528.001]
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  • (PMID = 17091251.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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92. Ramsaroop L, Singh B, Allopi L, Moodley J, Partab P, Satyapal KS: The surgical anatomy of the parotid fascia. Surg Radiol Anat; 2006 Mar;28(1):33-7
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  • [Title] The surgical anatomy of the parotid fascia.
  • Currently, there are no reports in the literature of the parotid fascia suggesting that this structure is crucial to the identification of the facial nerve trunk (FNT).
  • This study was performed to investigate the composition and limit of the fascia surrounding the parotid gland.
  • An appreciation of these on safe and effective parotid surgery was also considered.
  • HISTO-ANATOMICAL STUDY: Microsurgical step-by-step dissection was performed on 18 adult cadavers (n=36) to define the composition, arrangement, and attachment of the parotid fascia.
  • Eight patients had a pleomorphic adenoma and ten had lympho-epithelial disease of the parotid gland.
  • Boundaries of parotid fascia were posteriorly-mastoid process, anteriorly--ramus of mandible, superiorly--cartilage of external acoustic meatus, and inferiorly-imaginary line joining tip of mastoid process to ramus of mandible.
  • HISTO-ANATOMICAL STUDY (N=36): Parotid fascia formed a fibrous meshwork over the gland.
  • In two patients (both with an underlying inflammatory disorder of the parotid gland), a transient facial nerve palsy developed postoperatively.
  • The true surgical potential of the parotid fascia during parotidectomy has been reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Fascia / anatomy & histology. Parotid Gland / anatomy & histology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Adult. Cadaver. Facial Nerve / anatomy & histology. Fasciotomy. Humans. Microsurgery. Parotid Diseases / surgery. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16270161.001).
  • [ISSN] 0930-1038
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical and radiologic anatomy : SRA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Radiol Anat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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93. Al Salamah SM, Khalid K, Khan IA, Gul R: Outcome of surgery for parotid tumours: 5-year experience of a general surgical unit in a teaching hospital. ANZ J Surg; 2005 Nov;75(11):948-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Outcome of surgery for parotid tumours: 5-year experience of a general surgical unit in a teaching hospital.
  • BACKGROUND: Most of the recent reports on the surgical management of parotid gland disorders come from specialist divisions of otolaryngology, head and neck, or faciomaxillary surgery.
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the outcome of surgery for parotid tumours in a general surgical unit of a teaching hospital.
  • METHOD: A prospective clinicopathological study was undertaken over a 5-year period for consecutive patients operated on for parotid gland tumours in the King Saud University Unit of Riyadh Medical Complex.
  • RESULTS: Thirty seven parotid operations were performed on 36 consecutive patients.
  • All patients presented with parotid gland swelling.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma was the commonest pathology observed in 24 patients (64.9%).
  • There was no recurrence identified in patients with benign diseases during the mean follow up of 38.5 months.
  • CONCLUSION: Parotid gland surgery can still be performed in a general surgery unit with comparable outcome.
  • However, the operation should be performed in units with special interest and experience in surgery for parotid gland disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Parotid Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biopsy, Fine-Needle. Facial Nerve Diseases / etiology. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Postoperative Complications. Prospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16336383.001).
  • [ISSN] 1445-1433
  • [Journal-full-title] ANZ journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ANZ J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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94. Beutner D, Wittekindt C, Guntinas-Lichius O: In reference to limited parotidectomy: the role of extracapsular dissection in parotid gland neoplasms. Laryngoscope; 2008 Feb;118(2):379; author reply 379-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In reference to limited parotidectomy: the role of extracapsular dissection in parotid gland neoplasms.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / methods. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentOn] Laryngoscope. 2007 Jul;117(7):1163-7 [17632913.001]
  • (PMID = 18303396.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-852X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Laryngoscope
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngoscope
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Alba García JR, Armengot Carceller M, Zapater Latorre E, Pérez Valles A, Basterra Alegría A: Malignant fibrohistiocytoma of the parotid region. Report of a case. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal; 2008 Feb;13(2):E148-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Malignant fibrohistiocytoma of the parotid region. Report of a case.
  • Most salivary gland tumors are benign, malignant lesions accounting for 15-30% of the total.
  • The most frequent site of salivary gland neoplasms is the parotid gland (80% of all cases).
  • We present a case of malignant fibrohistiocytoma with atypical features due to its location (in the parotid region), size and rapid growth.
  • Generally, this type of tumor arises in the lower limbs and in the abdomen.
  • When located in the parotid gland, these lesions appear as a firm, slow growing and painless mass.
  • Due to the low frequency of such lesions and their clinical behavior, the imaging study and fine-needle aspiration biopsy findings tend to diagnose them as pleomorphic adenoma.
  • The success of treatment is dependent upon complete resection of the tumor - long term follow-up being necessary due to the risk of recurrence or distant metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous. Parotid Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 18223534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1698-6946
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina oral, patología oral y cirugía bucal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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96. Chiu NC, Wu HM, Chou YH, Li WY, Chiou YY, Guo WY, Chang CY: Basal cell adenoma versus pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: CT findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2007 Nov;189(5):W254-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Basal cell adenoma versus pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland: CT findings.
  • OBJECTIVE: Basal cell adenoma is a rare benign epithelial tumor of the salivary gland.
  • The objective of this study is to present the CT findings of parotid basal cell adenoma.
  • We also compare CT findings of basal cell adenoma with those of pleomorphic adenoma, the most common parotid tumor, to determine whether any features on CT can help differentiate these two entities.
  • CONCLUSION: Basal cell adenomas of the parotid gland are located chiefly in the superficial lobe.
  • The age of the patient and the attenuation on unenhanced and contrast-enhanced CT may help in differentiating basal cell adenoma from pleomorphic adenoma of the parotid gland.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / radiography. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / radiography. Parotid Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 17954621.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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97. Sartorius C, Gille F, Bédrossian-Pfingsten J, Kempf HG: [Salivary duct carcinoma of the sublingual gland--a case report]. Laryngorhinootologie; 2006 Jul;85(7):517-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Salivary duct carcinoma of the sublingual gland--a case report].
  • RATIONALE: Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common neoplasm of major and minor salivary gland origin, followed by infectious reasons and sialolithiasis.
  • The salivary duct carcinoma represents a rare variant of the group of adenocarcinomas originated from the salivary glands, especially extremely rare from minor salivary gland origin.
  • CASE REPORT: We report about a 52 year old male patient presenting with painless, non-ulcerating tumor at the floor of the mouth.
  • A biopsy showed a rare salivary duct carcinoma of comedo-type originated from the left sublingual salivary gland.
  • The patient underwent an operation: the tumor was extirpated in toto, and, as the pathohistological investigation confirmed, in sano.
  • Additionally a neck dissection at the left side was performed, followed by the radiation of the tumor region and the lymphatic neck regions, after sufficient reconvalescence.
  • The tumor-classification was pT3, pN0.
  • Since 3 years no recurrence of the tumor was confirmed.
  • DISCUSSION: Salivary duct carcinoma is a rare, high-grade malignant epithelial neoplasm, which occurs almost exclusively in the parotid.
  • Differential diagnosis comprises adenoid cystic carcinoma, metastases of other adenocarcinomas, such as the carcinoma of the thyroid gland and the comedocarcinoma of the breast.
  • CONCLUSION: A rare case of a salivary duct carcinoma of sublingual salivary gland origin is presented.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Ductal. Salivary Ducts. Salivary Gland Neoplasms. Sublingual Gland

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  • (PMID = 16586279.001).
  • [ISSN] 0935-8943
  • [Journal-full-title] Laryngo- rhino- otologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laryngorhinootologie
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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98. Pastore A, Carinci F, Pelucchi S: Genetic expression profiling of parotid neoplasms by cDNA microarrays. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital; 2005 Jun;25(3):153-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Genetic expression profiling of parotid neoplasms by cDNA microarrays.
  • Differentially expressed genes in various benign and malignant salivary gland tumours were identified by use of cDNA microarrays containing 19,000 human expressed sequence tags.
  • Samples were derived from 5 patients with pleomorphic adenoma, 4 with Warthin's tumour, one with clear cell carcinoma, and 2 with mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
  • Benign Warthin's tumour and pleomorphic adenoma showed very distinctive gene expression patterns.
  • A total of 133 genes differentiated the single malignant clear cell carcinoma from non-tumour salivary glands (p < 0.01), whereas only 16 genes separated it from the highly related benign pleomorphic adenoma (p < 0.01).
  • The results show gene expression alterations common to all tumours and unique to each benign and malignant tumour.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Parotid Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16450770.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-100X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta otorhinolaryngologica Italica : organo ufficiale della Società italiana di otorinolaringologia e chirurgia cervico-facciale
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2639868
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99. Tweedie DJ, Jacob A: Surgery of the parotid gland: evolution of techniques, nomenclature and a revised classification system. Clin Otolaryngol; 2009 Aug;34(4):303-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgery of the parotid gland: evolution of techniques, nomenclature and a revised classification system.
  • [MeSH-major] Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / classification. Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures / trends. Parotid Neoplasms / classification. Parotid Neoplasms / surgery. Terminology as Topic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / classification. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Dissection / classification. Dissection / trends. Facial Nerve Injuries / prevention & control. Facial Paralysis / prevention & control. Forecasting. Humans. International Classification of Diseases. Parotid Gland / pathology. Parotid Gland / surgery. Postoperative Complications / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 19673976.001).
  • [ISSN] 1749-4486
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical otolaryngology : official journal of ENT-UK ; official journal of Netherlands Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology & Cervico-Facial Surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Otolaryngol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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100. Kondo T: A case of lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma in the parotid gland: a case report. Diagn Pathol; 2009;4:16
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma in the parotid gland: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Pleomorphic adenoma is the most common benign neoplasm of the salivary glands.
  • Extensive lipomatous involvement of the tumor is, however, a very rare finding.
  • CASE REPORT: Herein, a rare case of lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma arising in the parotid gland of a 14-year-old Japanese woman is presented.
  • CONCLUSION: This is the sixth case of lipomatous pleomorphic adenoma in the English literature.
  • Recognition of this rare subtype of pleomorphic adenoma is important for clinical diagnosis and management.

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  • (PMID = 19497106.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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