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1. Sheehan MT, Nippoldt TB: Hepatolithiasis (intrahepatic stone) during octreotide therapy for acromegaly: a case report. Pituitary; 2000 Dec;3(4):227-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In addition to its known effect on gallbladder stasis, octreotide alters bile acid composition and may thus hasten intrahepatic sludge and stone formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Acromegaly / drug therapy. Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic. Cholelithiasis / chemically induced. Drug-Induced Liver Injury. Octreotide / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain. Adenoma / surgery. Adult. Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Bilirubin / analysis. Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde. Cholesterol / analysis. Ergolines / therapeutic use. Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections. Hepatectomy. Humans. Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / analysis. Liver / injuries. Liver / surgery. Liver Diseases / diagnosis. Liver Diseases / surgery. Male. Pituitary Neoplasms / surgery. Postoperative Complications. Sepsis / complications. Sepsis / drug therapy. Sepsis / microbiology. Surgical Wound Infection / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 11788010.001).
  • [ISSN] 1386-341X
  • [Journal-full-title] Pituitary
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pituitary
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Ergolines; 67763-96-6 / Insulin-Like Growth Factor I; 97C5T2UQ7J / Cholesterol; LL60K9J05T / cabergoline; RFM9X3LJ49 / Bilirubin; RWM8CCW8GP / Octreotide
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2. Xu HX: Contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the biliary system: Potential uses and indications. World J Radiol; 2009 Dec 31;1(1):37-44
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • However, it is lack of the ability to depict the microcirculation of some lesions which may lead to failure in diagnosis for some biliary diseases.
  • (2) For differentiation diagnosis between ICC and other tumors (i.e. hepatocellular carcinoma or liver metastasis) or infectious diseases;.
  • (3) For differentiation diagnosis between biliary cystadenoma and biliary cystadenocarcinoma;.
  • (6) To make a distinction between gallbladder cholesterol polyp, adenoma and polypoid cancer;.
  • (7) To make a distinction between chronic cholecystitis with thickened wall and gallbladder cancer;.
  • (8) For differentiation diagnosis between motionless sludge and gallbladder cancer;.
  • (9) For differentiation diagnosis between common bile duct cancer and sludge or stone without acoustic shadowing; and (10) In patients who are suspected of having a drop of their percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage tube, US contrast agent can be administered to through the tube detect the site of the tube.

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  • (PMID = 21160719.001).
  • [ISSN] 1949-8470
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2999303
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Bile duct / Cholangiocarcinoma / Contrast-enhanced ultrasound / Gallbladder / Polypoid lesion / Ultrasound contrast agent
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3. Nuernberg D, Ignee A, Dietrich CF: [Ultrasound in gastroenterology. Biliopancreatic system]. Med Klin (Munich); 2007 Feb 15;102(2):112-26
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • GALLBLADDER: Ultrasound has become widely accepted for the diagnosis of gallbladder disease.
  • Ultrasound contrast agents have proven to be useful for clarification of biliary tumors.
  • Gallbladder polyps are well detectable.
  • Gallbladder carcinomas as a disease of the older age with few early symptoms are usually detected at a late stage when the liver is already infiltrated.
  • PANCREAS: In diagnostic imaging of the pancreas ultrasound stands at the beginning of a diagnostic cascade.
  • Usually, a CT scan is additionally performed when ultrasound examination is incomplete or limited through examination condition or if doubts on diagnostic accuracy arise.
  • Ductal adenocarcinoma seems to be less vascularized in comparison to the surrounding tissue, while endocrine tumors and macro- and microcystic adenoma are rather hypervascularized.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / ultrasonography. Bile Duct Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic / ultrasonography. Carcinoma / ultrasonography. Cholangiocarcinoma / ultrasonography. Cholangitis, Sclerosing / ultrasonography. Cholecystitis / ultrasonography. Choledocholithiasis / ultrasonography. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Endosonography. Gallbladder Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Humans. Middle Aged. Pancreatic Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Pancreatitis / ultrasonography. Polyps / ultrasonography. Sensitivity and Specificity. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color / methods

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  • (PMID = 17323018.001).
  • [ISSN] 0723-5003
  • [Journal-full-title] Medizinische Klinik (Munich, Germany : 1983)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Klin. (Munich)
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Number-of-references] 228
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4. Kim KA, Park CM, Park SW, Cha SH, Seol HY, Cha IH, Lee CH, Lee KY: Contrast-enhanced power Doppler US: is it useful in the differentiation of gallbladder disease? Clin Imaging; 2002 Sep-Oct;26(5):319-24
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Contrast-enhanced power Doppler US: is it useful in the differentiation of gallbladder disease?
  • Thirteen patients with gallbladder disease underwent power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) before and after microbubble contrast agent injection.
  • Pathological diagnoses in nine patients were two acute cholecystitis, four chronic inflammation, one adenoma and two adenocarcinoma.
  • Two cases were excluded because no pathologic diagnosis was available.
  • Contrast-enhanced PDUS was superior to nonenhanced PDUS in the demonstration of vascularity of gallbladder diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / ultrasonography. Cholecystitis / ultrasonography. Contrast Media. Gallbladder Neoplasms / ultrasonography. Ultrasonography, Doppler / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 12213365.001).
  • [ISSN] 0899-7071
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
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5. Numata K, Oka H, Morimoto M, Sugimori K, Kunisaki R, Nihonmatsu H, Matsuo K, Nagano Y, Nozawa A, Tanaka K: Differential diagnosis of gallbladder diseases with contrast-enhanced harmonic gray scale ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med; 2007 Jun;26(6):763-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Differential diagnosis of gallbladder diseases with contrast-enhanced harmonic gray scale ultrasonography.
  • OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the usefulness of contrast-enhanced harmonic gray scale ultrasonographic findings for differential diagnosis of gallbladder diseases.
  • METHODS: We evaluated contrast-enhanced harmonic gray scale ultrasonographic images from 33 patients with 35 polypoid gallbladder disease lesions larger than 10 mm in diameter, consisting of 12 biliary sludge lesions, 8 cholesterol polyps, 1 inflammatory polyp, 2 adenomas, and 12 carcinomas.
  • After a galactosepalmitic acid contrast agent was injected, lesions were scanned by contrast-enhanced harmonic gray scale ultrasonography in 2 phases: early vascular and late vascular.
  • Lesions showing tumor vessels and tumor enhancement on contrast-enhanced harmonic gray scale ultrasonography were diagnosed as cholesterol polyp, inflammatory polyp, adenoma, or carcinoma.
  • Three (38%) of the 8 cholesterol polyps showed dotted-type tumor vessels.
  • Branched-type tumor vessels were observed in 5 (62%) of the 8 cholesterol polyps, the 1 (100%) inflammatory polyp, both (100%) adenomas, and 3 (25%) of the 12 carcinomas.
  • Tortuous-type tumor vessels were observed in 9 (75%) of the 12 carcinomas.
  • Lesions with tumor enhancement and tortuous-type tumor vessels on contrast-enhanced harmonic gray scale ultrasonography were diagnosed as carcinomas, and the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of this diagnosis with the current modality were 75% (9/12), 100% (23/23), and 91% (32/35), respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Evaluation of tumor vessels on contrast-enhanced harmonic gray scale ultrasonography may be a useful modality for differentiating gallbladder carcinoma from other polypoid gallbladder disease lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Gallbladder Diseases / ultrasonography. Image Enhancement / methods. Polysaccharides. Ultrasonography / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Contrast Media. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Reproducibility of Results. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17526608.001).
  • [ISSN] 0278-4297
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ultrasound Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 0 / Polysaccharides; 127279-08-7 / SHU 508
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6. Sato Y, Shirai Y, Date K, Iwaya A, Hatakeyama K: Asymptomatic adenomyoma of the common hepatic duct discovered during a medical checkup: report of a case. Hepatogastroenterology; 2000 May-Jun;47(33):636-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Although adenomyoma of the gallbladder is not so rare, adenomyoma arising in the bile duct is extremely rare.
  • A 64-year-old woman was referred to the 1st Department of Surgery, Niigata University School of Medicine for surgical intervention, in whom a biliary stricture in the common hepatic duct was discovered incidentally during a medical check-up for hyperamylasemia in an affiliated hospital.
  • Based on her past history of abdominal contusion, the insidious presentation and the smooth biliary stricture on cholangiography, a diagnosis of benign biliary stricture secondary to blunt abdominal trauma was made.
  • Histology of the resected specimen confirmed the diagnosis of adenomyoma in the common hepatic duct.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Bile Duct Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde. Hepatic Duct, Common

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  • (PMID = 10919002.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] GREECE
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