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1. Schittenhelm J, Psaras T, Meyermann R, Honegger J, Beschorner R: Pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas are CDX2 negative neoplasms. Folia Neuropathol; 2010;48(2):75-80
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  • [Title] Pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas are CDX2 negative neoplasms.
  • OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown an inverse correlation between the expression of CDX2 (also known as CDX3) and tumour grade, stage and lymph node dissemination in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • Furthermore, only very few data are available on CDX2 expression in normal pituitary gland tissue and/or pituitary adenomas.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: We investigated CDX2 expression in 28 normal pituitary glands, 75 pituitary adenomas of varying hormonal activity (including 7 invasive adenomas and 7 atypical adenomas) and 23 craniopharyngiomas (17 adamantinous and 6 papillary) in tissue microarrays.
  • RESULTS: None of the pituitary adenomas, craniopharyngiomas and normal pituitary glands showed expression of CDX2.
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is no evidence for that CDX2 might play a role in tumourigenesis, invasive growth or tumour recurrence of pituitary adenomas or in tumourigenesis of craniopharyngiomas.

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  • (PMID = 20602288.001).
  • [ISSN] 1509-572X
  • [Journal-full-title] Folia neuropathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Folia Neuropathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDX2 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins
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2. Kim SJ, Lee HW, Kim DC, Rha SH, Hong SH, Jeong JS: Significance of GLUT1 expression in adenocarcinoma and adenoma of the ampulla of Vater. Pathol Int; 2008 Apr;58(4):233-8
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  • [Title] Significance of GLUT1 expression in adenocarcinoma and adenoma of the ampulla of Vater.
  • Twenty-one (58.3%) of 36 adenocarcinomas and three (17.6%) of 17 adenomas had GLUT1 immunoreactivity.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. Ampulla of Vater / metabolism. Common Bile Duct Neoplasms / metabolism. Glucose Transporter Type 1 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18324916.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Glucose Transporter Type 1; 0 / SLC2A1 protein, human
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3. Gyorffy H: [Study of claudins and prognostic factors in some gastrointestinal diseases]. Magy Onkol; 2009 Dec;53(4):377-83
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  • I. We explored the changes of CLDN expression in Barrett's esophagus and related adenocarcinoma.
  • Adenocarcinoma showed higher CLDN2 and -3 expression compared with normal and Barrett's epithelia.
  • The similar CLDN expression profile of Barrett's esophagus and adenocarcinoma supports their sequential development.
  • Colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma could not be differentiated according to their CLDN profile.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Barrett Esophagus / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Child. Child, Preschool. Claudin-3. Female. Fluorescent Antibody Technique. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Hemangiosarcoma / metabolism. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Leiomyosarcoma / metabolism. Male. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Risk Factors. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20071310.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-0244
  • [Journal-full-title] Magyar onkologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magy Onkol
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CLDN3 protein, human; 0 / Claudin-3; 0 / Claudins; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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4. Su MY, Hsu CM, Ho YP, Chen PC, Lin CJ, Chiu CT: Comparative study of conventional colonoscopy, chromoendoscopy, and narrow-band imaging systems in differential diagnosis of neoplastic and nonneoplastic colonic polyps. Am J Gastroenterol; 2006 Dec;101(12):2711-6
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  • RESULTS: Of the 110 colorectal polyps, 65 were adenomas, 40 were hyperplastic polyps, and five were adenocarcinomas.
  • For differential diagnosis of neoplastic (adenoma and adenocarcinoma) and nonneoplastic (hyperplastic) polyps, the sensitivity of the conventional colonoscope for detecting neoplastic polyps was 82.9%, specificity was 80.0% and diagnostic accuracy was 81.8%, significantly lower than those achieved with the NBI system (sensitivity 95.7%, specificity 87.5%, accuracy 92.7%) and chromoendoscopy (sensitivity 95.7%, specificity 87.5%, accuracy 92.7%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Coloring Agents. Diagnosis, Differential. Feasibility Studies. Female. Humans. Indigo Carmine. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Reproducibility of Results

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Gastroenterol. 2007 Jun;102(6):1326; author reply 1327 [17531017.001]
  • [CommentIn] Am J Gastroenterol. 2006 Dec;101(12):2717-8 [17227518.001]
  • (PMID = 17227517.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9270
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Coloring Agents; D3741U8K7L / Indigo Carmine
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5. Cammarota R, Bertolini V, Pennesi G, Bucci EO, Gottardi O, Garlanda C, Laghi L, Barberis MC, Sessa F, Noonan DM, Albini A: The tumor microenvironment of colorectal cancer: stromal TLR-4 expression as a potential prognostic marker. J Transl Med; 2010;8:112
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  • Since inflammation is associated with cancer progression and angiogenesis, we investigated expression of cytokines like IL-6 and other mediators that play a key role in the innate immune system, in particular toll like receptor 4 (TLR4), in the microenvironment of lesions from different stages of colon disease progression, from ulcerative colitis to adenoma and adenocarcinoma to find useful markers.
  • 116 Archival tissue samples from patients with different stages of colorectal disease: 13 cases of ulcerative colitis (UC), 34 tubular or tubulo-villous adenomas (AD), and 53 infiltrating adenocarcinomas.
  • TLR-4 and IL6 expression in the tumor microenvironment were associated with adenocarcinoma in human samples and in the murine model.
  • We found that adenocarcinoma patients (pT1-4) with higher TLR-4 expression in stromal compartment had a significantly increased risk in disease progression.

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  • (PMID = 21059221.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of translational medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Transl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / TLR4 protein, human; 0 / Toll-Like Receptor 4
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2997091
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6. Wu X, Liu F, Yao X, Li W, Chen C: Growth hormone receptor expression is up-regulated during tumorigenesis of human colorectal cancer. J Surg Res; 2007 Dec;143(2):294-9
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  • BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to analyze the expression of growth hormone receptor (GHR) in the colorectal adenoma-carcinoma sequence to determine whether its expression correlates with the various stages of cancer transformation.
  • In contrast, most of the adenoma and adenocarcinoma samples reacted strongly or moderately with monoclonal GHR antibodies.
  • In RT-PCR, amplified fragments of the expected sizes (247bp) were detected in 90 of 90 samples examined, and the semiquantitative RT-PCR result showed an up-regulation of GHR mRNA expression during the polyp-adenoma-carcinoma sequence, which was consistent with the immunohistochemical results.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / physiopathology. Adenoma / physiopathology. Carrier Proteins / genetics. Colorectal Neoplasms / physiopathology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic

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  • (PMID = 17764692.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4804
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of surgical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Surg. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / somatotropin-binding protein; 12629-01-5 / Human Growth Hormone
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7. Arévalo F, Arias Stella C, Monge E: [Immunoexpression of p53 and cyclin D1 in adenomas of the gallbladder]. Rev Esp Enferm Dig; 2007 Dec;99(12):694-7
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  • [Title] [Immunoexpression of p53 and cyclin D1 in adenomas of the gallbladder].
  • [Transliterated title] Inmunoexpresión de p53 y ciclina D1 en adenomas de vesícula biliar.
  • INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder adenomas are infrequent neoplasms whose relation to adenocarcinoma is not well understood.
  • It has been suggested that adenomas and adenocarcinomas follow different molecular pathways.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a comparative, cross-sectional study in which we compared p53 and D1 cyclin expression in adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the gallbladder.
  • Expression of p53 occurred in 83.3% of adenocarcinomas and in 16.6% of adenomas (p = 0.003).
  • D1 cyclin was expressed in a similar number of adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results support the hypothesis that p53 is an important step in the pathogenesis of adenocarcinomas but not of adenomas of the gallbladder.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / metabolism. Cyclin D1 / biosynthesis. Gallbladder Neoplasms / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 18290692.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-0108
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Enferm Dig
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 136601-57-5 / Cyclin D1
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8. Xiao H, Hao X, Simi B, Ju J, Jiang H, Reddy BS, Yang CS: Green tea polyphenols inhibit colorectal aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation and prevent oncogenic changes in dysplastic ACF in azoxymethane-treated F344 rats. Carcinogenesis; 2008 Jan;29(1):113-9
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  • Retinoid X receptor (RXR)alpha expression was reduced in high-grade dysplastic ACF, adenoma and adenocarcinoma during AOM-induced colon carcinogenesis, and the PPE treatment partially prevented the loss of RXRalpha expression in high-grade dysplastic ACF.

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  • (PMID = 17893236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2180
  • [Journal-full-title] Carcinogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Carcinogenesis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / P30 ES005022
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Flavonoids; 0 / Phenols; 0 / Polyphenols; 0 / Tea; MO0N1J0SEN / Azoxymethane
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9. Haveri H, Westerholm-Ormio M, Lindfors K, Mäki M, Savilahti E, Andersson LC, Heikinheimo M: Transcription factors GATA-4 and GATA-6 in normal and neoplastic human gastrointestinal mucosa. BMC Gastroenterol; 2008;8:9
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  • The pathological tissues examined included samples of chronic and atrophic gastritis as well as adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the colon and rectum.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenoma / genetics. Colonic Neoplasms / genetics. GATA4 Transcription Factor / metabolism. GATA6 Transcription Factor / metabolism. Gastric Mucosa / metabolism. Rectal Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18405344.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-230X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / GATA4 Transcription Factor; 0 / GATA6 Transcription Factor; 0 / RNA, Messenger
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2323380
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10. Tomita H, Yamada Y, Oyama T, Hata K, Hirose Y, Hara A, Kunisada T, Sugiyama Y, Adachi Y, Linhart H, Mori H: Development of gastric tumors in Apc(Min/+) mice by the activation of the beta-catenin/Tcf signaling pathway. Cancer Res; 2007 May 1;67(9):4079-87
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  • We also treated Apc(Min/+) and wild-type mice with N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU), an alkylating agent that induces adenomas and adenocarcinomas in the stomach.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Stomach Neoplasms / genetics. Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism. T Cell Transcription Factor 1 / metabolism. beta Catenin / metabolism


11. Wang Y, Li Y, Zhang WY, Xia QJ, Li HG, Wang R, Yang L, Sun XF, Zhou ZG: mRNA expression of minichromosome maintenance 2 in colonic adenoma and adenocarcinoma. Eur J Cancer Prev; 2009 Feb;18(1):40-5
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  • [Title] mRNA expression of minichromosome maintenance 2 in colonic adenoma and adenocarcinoma.
  • Here, we aimed to evaluate the possible value of a proliferation marker, minichromosome maintenance 2 (MCM2), in the early diagnosis of colorectal cancer, by analyzing the difference in MCM2 expression among normal mucosa, adenoma, and adenocarcinoma, and investigating the relationship of MCM2 expression in adenomas with clinicopathologic variables.
  • Using immunohistochemistry and real-time reverse transcription-PCR, we observed that the expression of MCM2 protein was present on basal third to half of colonic crypts in normal mucosa, whereas throughout the epithelium in adenomas and adenocarcinomas, the expression of MCM2 mRNA in adenocarcinomas was significantly higher than in adenomas (P=0.001), whereas the difference between adenoma and normal mucosa was not significant (P=0.184); we also found that the expression of MCM2 mRNA tended to be increased in the adenomas with high-grade dysplasia, or in older patients, respectively, compared with those with low-grade dysplasia, and younger patients.
  • These results suggested the potential value of MCM2 in early diagnosis of colorectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenoma / genetics. Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics. Colonic Neoplasms / genetics. Nuclear Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19077563.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5709
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer prevention : the official journal of the European Cancer Prevention Organisation (ECP)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 3.6.4.12 / MCM2 protein, human; EC 3.6.4.12 / Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 2
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12. Ishida M, Hotta M, Kushima R, Tsuruoka S, Ohji M, Okabe H: Case of ductal adenocarcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland. Rinsho Byori; 2009 Aug;57(8):746-51
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  • [Title] Case of ductal adenocarcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland.
  • Ductal adenocarcinoma of the lacrimal gland is extremely rare; to our knowledge, only seven de novo cases and one case of ductal adenocarcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma have been reported in the literature.
  • Here, we report a case of ductal adenocarcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland.
  • A 70-year-old Japanese female received the resection of the recurrent lacrimal gland tumor (second surgery), under the clinical diagnosis of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma, fifteen years after the initial surgical resection.
  • The resected tumor was composed of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma and adenocarcinoma.
  • Adenocarcinoma component showed infiltrative papillo-tubular or microcystic growth of carcinoma cells, which had pleomorphic large nuclei with prominent nucleoli and rich eosinophilic cytoplasm.
  • Accordingly, the diagnosis of ductal adenocarcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma was made.
  • In the previously reported eight cases and the present case of lacrimal ductal adenocarcinomas, recurrence took place in 5 cases and two patients died from multiple metastases.
  • These data suggests that lacrimal ductal adenocarcinoma appears to have a poor prognosis, similar to salivary duct carcinoma, which is one of the most aggressive salivary carcinoma.
  • And further study is needed to clarify the clinicopathological features of the lacrimal ductal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / pathology. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Eye Neoplasms / diagnosis. Eye Neoplasms / pathology. Lacrimal Apparatus. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary

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  • (PMID = 19764409.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-1860
  • [Journal-full-title] Rinsho byori. The Japanese journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Byori
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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13. Xu B, Zhou ZG, Li Y, Wang L, Yang L, Zhou B, Liu HY, Song JM, Zeng YJ, Wang R, Shen XG, Sun XF: Clinicopathological significance of caspase-8 and caspase-10 expression in rectal cancer. Oncology; 2008;74(3-4):229-36
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  • OBJECTIVES: To investigate the expression of caspase-8 and -10 in rectal adenoma, adenocarcinoma and the corresponding normal mucosa tissue, and to clarify the relationship between their expression and clinicopathological parameters of rectal cancer.
  • METHODS: The expression of caspase-8 and -10 was determined by real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry in 36 rectal adenomas, 93 rectal cancers and 93 corresponding normal rectal mucosa samples.
  • RESULTS: Compared with normal mucosa, the mRNA expression of caspase-8 was higher in adenomas (p = 0.003), while that of caspase-10 was lower in adenomas (p = 0.035) and cancers (p = 0.001).
  • Immunohistochemical results showed caspase-8 up-regulation in adenomas (p = 0.014), and caspase-10 down-regulation in adenomas (p = 0.034) and cancers (p < 0.001) compared with normal mucosa samples.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Caspase-8 expression was up-regulated in rectal adenomas.
  • Caspase-10 expression was down-regulated in both rectal adenomas and cancers, and was further related to differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / metabolism. Caspase 10 / metabolism. Caspase 8 / metabolism. Rectal Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / genetics. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mucous Membrane / metabolism. Mucous Membrane / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. RNA, Neoplasm / genetics. RNA, Neoplasm / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 18716417.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CASP10 protein, human; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; EC 3.4.22.- / CASP8 protein, human; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 10; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 8
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14. Brouland JP, Gélébart P, Kovàcs T, Enouf J, Grossmann J, Papp B: The loss of sarco/endoplasmic reticulum calcium transport ATPase 3 expression is an early event during the multistep process of colon carcinogenesis. Am J Pathol; 2005 Jul;167(1):233-42
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  • To better characterize the role of SERCA3 in colon carcinogenesis, its expression has been investigated in colonic epithelium, benign lesions, adenomas, and adenocarcinomas.
  • We report that SERCA3 expression increased along the crypts as cells differentiated in normal colonic mucosa and in hyperplastic polyps, was moderately and heterogeneously expressed in colonic adenomas with expression levels inversely correlated with the degree of dysplasia, was barely detectable in well and moderately differentiated adenocarcinomas, and was absent in poorly differentiated tumors.
  • These data link SERCA3 expression to the state of differentiation of colonic epithelial cells, and relate SERCA3 expression, already decreased in adenomas, to enhanced adenomatous polyposis coli/beta-catenin/TCF4-dependent signaling and deficient Sp1-like factor-dependent transcription.

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  • (PMID = 15972967.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9440
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenomatous Polyposis Coli Protein; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CTNNB1 protein, human; 0 / Cytoskeletal Proteins; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / TCF Transcription Factors; 0 / TCF7L2 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factor 7-Like 2 Protein; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / beta Catenin; EC 3.6.3.8 / ATP2A3 protein, human; EC 3.6.3.8 / Calcium-Transporting ATPases; EC 3.6.3.8 / Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1603437
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15. Weichert W, Kristiansen G, Schmidt M, Gekeler V, Noske A, Niesporek S, Dietel M, Denkert C: Polo-like kinase 1 expression is a prognostic factor in human colon cancer. World J Gastroenterol; 2005 Sep 28;11(36):5644-50
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  • METHODS: Expression of PLK1 was investigated by immunohistochemistry (158 cases) and immunoblotting in tissue of colon adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • RESULTS: Weak PLK1 expression was observed in normal colon mucosa and adenomas.

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  • (PMID = 16237758.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / polo-like kinase 1
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4481481
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16. Scherübl H, Klöppel G: [Rectal carcinoids on the rise - update]. Z Gastroenterol; 2009 Apr;47(4):365-71
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  • In addition to the early detection of colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma, screening colonoscopy also makes possible the early detection and early therapy for neuroendocrine rectal tumours/carcinomas.

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  • (PMID = 19358064.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-2771
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Gastroenterol
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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17. Wang LP, Yang GZ, Zhou ZY, Li L, Gao BL, Chen J: [Clinicopathologic features and proliferative status of colorectal serrated lesions: a study of 104 cases]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Feb;38(2):100-5
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  • OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathologic features and proliferative status of colorectal hyperplastic polyp (HP), sessile serrated adenoma (SSA) and traditional serrated adenoma (TSA).
  • RESULTS: On the basis of morphologic examination, 60 cases were classified as HP, 20 cases as TSA, 11 cases as SSA, 7 cases as mixed HP/SSA/TSA, and 6 cases as mixed serrated polyp/adenoma and tubular adenoma.
  • The number and distribution of Ki-67 positive cells in SSA were similar to those in TSA but were significantly different from those in tubular adenoma and adenocarcinoma (chi2=34.601, P=0.000; chi2=63.077, P=0.000, respectively).
  • In general, the proliferative index is lower in serrated adenoma (TSA or SSA) than in tubular adenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma, Villous / metabolism. Adenoma, Villous / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Proliferation. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Young Adult


18. Gostjeva EV, Zukerberg L, Chung D, Thilly WG: Bell-shaped nuclei dividing by symmetrical and asymmetrical nuclear fission have qualities of stem cells in human colonic embryogenesis and carcinogenesis. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2006 Jan 1;164(1):16-24
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  • Large cell nuclei with at least eight distinct morphologies have been discovered throughout the fetal gut (5-7 weeks), colonic adenomas, and adenocarcinomas, five of which are not present in the normal adult colon.
  • Cells containing these differentiated nuclear forms subsequently divide extra-syncytially by mitoses that form clonal populations of cells with identical nuclear morphotypes in embryos, adenomas, adenocarcinomas, and metastases.
  • Cells with bell-shaped nuclei thus appear to be responsible for both net growth and differentiation in the embryonic gut, adenomas, and adenocarcinomas, and fulfill the requirements for post-embryonic stem cells in colon organogenesis and carcinogenesis.

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  • (PMID = 16364758.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Iurin AG, Koval'skiĭ GB: [Proliferative activity by expression of antigen Ki-67 in solitary and multiple synchronous epithelial tumors of the colon]. Arkh Patol; 2005 Sep-Oct;67(5):38-41
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  • Proliferative activity of sigmoid and rectal mucosa, and that of single and multiple (synchronous) adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the colon has been studied.
  • A significant difference between antigen Ki-67 expression index in normal mucosa, adenomas and adenocarcinomas, and also in single and multiple colorectal cancers has been revealed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / diagnosis. Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ki-67 Antigen / analysis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16323481.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-1955
  • [Journal-full-title] Arkhiv patologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arkh. Patol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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20. Kim JH, Kim SS, Byun SW, Chang YJ, Kim JS, Kim JK, Cho HJ, Lim KW, Jung ES: [Double strand break of DNA in gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2010 Jan;55(1):19-25
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  • [Title] [Double strand break of DNA in gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma].
  • The aim of this study was to define the differences in expression of 53BP1 and gamma-H2AX, the markers of DSB, among normal, gastric adenoma, and gastric adenocarcinoma tissues.
  • METHODS: Tissue microarray was made with the tissues taken from 121 patients who underwent gastrectomy for gastric adenocarcinoma, and 51 patients who underwent endoscopic mucosal resection for gastric adenoma.
  • The normal tissues were collected from histologically confirmed tissues with no cellular atypia obtained from the patients with gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • RESULTS: In gastric carcinoma cells, 53BP1 and gamma-H2AX were highly expressed as compared to normal epithelial cells and gastric adenoma (p<0.01).
  • There were no differences in the expression of 53BP1 and gamma-H2AX between normal epithelium and gastric adenoma.
  • The expression of 53BP1 in the adenoma with grade II and III atypism was more elevated than in those with grade I atypism.
  • The expression of 53BP1 and gamma-H2AX were not significantly different according to the clinicopathologic parameters in the patients with gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The DSB in DNA seems to be associated with the development of gastric adenocarcinoma, but does not affect the premalignant adenoma cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded. Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20098063.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / H2AFX protein, human; 0 / Histones; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / TP53BP1 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor p53-Binding Protein 1
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21. Hong SJ, Kwon KW, Kim SG, Ko BM, Ryu CB, Kim YS, Moon JH, Cho JY, Lee JS, Lee MS, Shim CS, Kim BS: Variation in expression of gastric leptin according to differentiation and growth pattern in gastric adenocarcinoma. Cytokine; 2006 Jan 21;33(2):66-71
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  • [Title] Variation in expression of gastric leptin according to differentiation and growth pattern in gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • We compared the expression patterns of leptin and of the long variant of the leptin receptor (Ob-Rb) between areas with non-ulcerated mucosa and with hyperplastic polyps, adenoma, or adenocarcinoma to evaluate the expression relative to different disease states.
  • Leptin and Ob-Rb were expressed in hyperplastic polyps, adenoma, and adenocarcinoma.
  • In the gastric adenocarcinoma, leptin was expressed significantly less in the poorly differentiated and diffuse-type groups than in the well-differentiated and moderately differentiated groups or in the intestinal type.
  • Based upon our findings, we suggest the possibility that leptin expression can have a pathophysiologic role about the differentiation or growth pattern of gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • A further series of experiments is necessary to elucidate the pathophysiological role of leptin in the differentiation of gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Leptin / metabolism. Stomach / metabolism. Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16434209.001).
  • [ISSN] 1043-4666
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytokine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytokine
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Leptin
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22. Remy L, Trespeuch C, Bachy S, Scoazec JY, Rousselle P: Matrilysin 1 influences colon carcinoma cell migration by cleavage of the laminin-5 beta3 chain. Cancer Res; 2006 Dec 1;66(23):11228-37
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  • This enzyme is generally not expressed by normal differentiated epithelial colon cells, but has been shown to be up-regulated in human colon adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • In this study, we show that LN5 and MMP7 are coexpressed in HT29 cells as well as in HT29 xenograft tumors and human colorectal adenocarcinomas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Amino Acid Sequence. Animals. Animals, Newborn. Blotting, Western. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. HT29 Cells. Humans. Molecular Sequence Data. Neoplasms, Experimental / genetics. Neoplasms, Experimental / metabolism. Neoplasms, Experimental / pathology. Rats. Rats, Wistar. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transplantation, Heterologous

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  • (PMID = 17145868.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / kalinin; EC 3.4.24.23 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 7
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23. Xiong H, Zhang ZG, Tian XQ, Sun DF, Liang QC, Zhang YJ, Lu R, Chen YX, Fang JY: Inhibition of JAK1, 2/STAT3 signaling induces apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and reduces tumor cell invasion in colorectal cancer cells. Neoplasia; 2008 Mar;10(3):287-97
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  • Moreover, immunohistochemical staining reveals that nuclear staining of phospho-STAT3 mostly presents in adenomas and adenocarcinomas, and a positive correlation is found between phospho-JAK2 immunoreactivity and the differentiation of colorectal adenocarcinomas.

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  • (PMID = 18320073.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5586
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasia (New York, N.Y.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cadherins; 0 / Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors; 0 / Leupeptins; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 0 / STAT3 Transcription Factor; 0 / Tyrphostins; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / alpha-cyano-(3,4-dihydroxy)-N-benzylcinnamide; 133407-82-6 / benzyloxycarbonylleucyl-leucyl-leucine aldehyde; EC 2.7.10.2 / Focal Adhesion Kinase 1; EC 2.7.10.2 / Janus Kinase 1; EC 2.7.10.2 / Janus Kinase 2; EC 2.7.10.2 / PTK2 protein, human; EC 3.4.24.24 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2259457
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24. Gostjeva EV, Thilly WG: Stem cell stages and the origins of colon cancer: a multidisciplinary perspective. Stem Cell Rev; 2005;1(3):243-51
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  • Analysis of historical age-specific colorectal cancer rates, present day age-specific colonic adenoma prevalence and the few reports of direct measurements of genetic change in human tissues as a function of age in adults have led to a new set of hypotheses about carcinogenesis.
  • In an attempt to overcome this impediment we set reexamined fetal and adult colonic tissue, adenomas, and adenocarcinomas using a novel histological preparation method.

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  • (PMID = 17142861.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-8943
  • [Journal-full-title] Stem cell reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stem Cell Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 45
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25. National Toxicology Program: Toxicology and carcinogenesis studies of genistein (Cas No. 446-72-0) in Sprague-Dawley rats (feed study). Natl Toxicol Program Tech Rep Ser; 2008 Jan;(545):1-240
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  • In F(1)C females, there was a significant positive trend in the incidences of mammary gland adenoma or adenocarcinoma (combined) regardless of whether an unmodified or natural log-transformed dose scale was used in the analysis, and the incidence in the 500 ppm group was significantly greater than that in the control group.
  • In 5 and 100 ppm F(1)T140 females, the combined incidences of adenoma and adenocarcinoma were less than those in the control or 500 ppm groups, although these were not statistically significant differences.
  • When the natural log-transformed dose scale was used, a marginally significant positive trend occurred in the incidences of adenoma or adenocarcinoma (combined) in F(3)T21 females.
  • There were positive trends in the incidences of adenoma or carcinoma (combined) in the pars distalis of the pituitary gland of females in the F(1)C and F(1)T140 arms, and the incidence in the 500 ppm group was significantly greater than that in the controls in the F(1)C study arm.
  • In F(1)C males, a significant positive trend (unmodified dose scale only) occurred in the incidences of combined adenoma or carcinoma of the pancreatic islets.
  • There was some evidence of carcinogenic activity of genistein in female Sprague-Dawley rats based on increased incidences of mammary gland adenoma or adenocarcinoma (combined) and pituitary gland neoplasms.
  • There was equivocal evidence of carcinogenic activity of genistein in female Sprague-Dawley rats based on increased incidences of mammary gland adenoma or adenocarcinoma (combined).

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  • (PMID = 18685716.001).
  • [ISSN] 0888-8051
  • [Journal-full-title] National Toxicology Program technical report series
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Natl Toxicol Program Tech Rep Ser
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Technical Report
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phytoestrogens; 0 / Xenobiotics; DH2M523P0H / Genistein
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26. Rodrigues S, Rodrigue CM, Attoub S, Fléjou JF, Bruyneel E, Bracke M, Emami S, Gespach C: Induction of the adenoma-carcinoma progression and Cdc25A-B phosphatases by the trefoil factor TFF1 in human colon epithelial cells. Oncogene; 2006 Oct 26;25(50):6628-36
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  • [Title] Induction of the adenoma-carcinoma progression and Cdc25A-B phosphatases by the trefoil factor TFF1 in human colon epithelial cells.
  • To examine the transforming potential of TFF1 in human colon epithelial cells, premalignant PC/AA/C1 adenoma cells (PC) derived from a patient with familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) were transformed by the TFF1 cDNA and used as a model of the adenoma-carcinoma transition.
  • Accordingly, TFF1 expression is absent in normal human colon crypts but is induced in correlation with Cdc25a and b transcript levels and tumor grade in familial and sporadic colon adenomas and carcinomas.
  • We propose that TFF1 and Cdc25A-B cooperate with other dominant oncogenic pathways to induce the adenoma and adenocarcinoma transitions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism. Colon / cytology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / physiology. cdc25 Phosphatases / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16715141.001).
  • [ISSN] 0950-9232
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncogene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncogene
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / TFF1 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; EC 3.1.3.16 / CDC25B protein, human; EC 3.1.3.16 / Cdc25a protein, mouse; EC 3.1.3.48 / CDC25A protein, human; EC 3.1.3.48 / cdc25 Phosphatases
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27. Scherübl H: Rectal carcinoids are on the rise: early detection by screening endoscopy. Endoscopy; 2009 Feb;41(2):162-5
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  • Thus, endoscopic screening of the colorectum is effective in the early diagnosis not only of colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas but also of carcinoids.

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  • (PMID = 19214898.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8812
  • [Journal-full-title] Endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endoscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 26
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28. Kikuchi Y, Kashima TG, Nishiyama T, Shimazu K, Morishita Y, Shimazaki M, Kii I, Horie H, Nagai H, Kudo A, Fukayama M: Periostin is expressed in pericryptal fibroblasts and cancer-associated fibroblasts in the colon. J Histochem Cytochem; 2008 Aug;56(8):753-64
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  • The pericryptal pattern of periostin deposition was decreased in adenoma and adenocarcinoma, preceding the decrease of the number of pericryptal fibroblasts.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. Cell Adhesion Molecules / biosynthesis. Colon / metabolism. Colonic Neoplasms / metabolism. Fibroblasts / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18443362.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1554
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of histochemistry and cytochemistry : official journal of the Histochemistry Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Histochem. Cytochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Collagen Type I; 0 / Gels; 0 / POSTN protein, human; 0 / Postn protein, mouse
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2443605
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29. Sengottuvelan M, Deeptha K, Nalini N: Resveratrol attenuates 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) induced glycoconjugate abnormalities during various stages of colon carcinogenesis. Phytother Res; 2009 Aug;23(8):1154-8
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  • Of the three dietary regimens of Res, the entire period supplementation significantly (p < 0.01) modulated the levels of glycoconjugates and reduced the incidence of adenoma and adenocarcinoma.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • (PMID = 19165800.001).
  • [ISSN] 1099-1573
  • [Journal-full-title] Phytotherapy research : PTR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Phytother Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 0 / Glycoconjugates; 0 / Hexosamines; 0 / Sialic Acids; 0 / Stilbenes; 3713-31-3 / Fucose; IX068S9745 / 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine; Q369O8926L / resveratrol
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30. Onose J, Imai T, Hasumura M, Cho YM, Hirose M: A new medium-term rat colon bioassay applying neoplastic lesions as endpoints for detection of carcinogenesis modifiers-validation with known modifiers. Cancer Lett; 2006 Feb 8;232(2):272-8
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  • At week 10, the incidence and multiplicity of combined adenomas and adenocarcinomas were significantly (P < 0.05 or 0.01) decreased by nimesulide and lactoferrin, and values for adenomas were significantly (P < 0.01) increased in the 1-HA group.

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  • (PMID = 15876482.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3835
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthraquinones; 005990WHZZ / Deoxycholic Acid; 129-43-1 / 1-hydroxyanthraquinone; 9042-14-2 / Dextran Sulfate; EC 3.4.21.- / Lactoferrin; IX068S9745 / 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
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31. Akatsu T, Aiura K, Shimazu M, Ueda M, Wakabayashi G, Tanabe M, Kawachi S, Kitajima M: Can endoscopic ultrasonography differentiate nonneoplastic from neoplastic gallbladder polyps? Dig Dis Sci; 2006 Feb;51(2):416-21
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  • The present study aimed to clarify the endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) features of nonneoplastic (cholesterol polyps and adenomyomatosis) and neoplastic (adenoma and adenocarcinoma) gallbladder polyps and to evaluate the effectiveness and limitation of EUS in the differential diagnosis of these lesions.
  • However, three of nine neoplastic lesions (three adenomas and six adenocarcinomas) showed one of these signs due to concomitant cholesterosis (n = 2) or proliferated Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses (n = 1).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnostic imaging. Adenoma / diagnostic imaging. Endosonography. Gallbladder Diseases / diagnostic imaging. Gallbladder Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Polyps / diagnostic imaging

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  • (PMID = 16534690.001).
  • [ISSN] 0163-2116
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive diseases and sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig. Dis. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Grivas PD, Tzelepi V, Sotiropoulou-Bonikou G, Kefalopoulou Z, Papavassiliou AG, Kalofonos H: Expression of ERalpha, ERbeta and co-regulator PELP1/MNAR in colorectal cancer: prognostic significance and clinicopathologic correlations. Cell Oncol; 2009;31(3):235-47
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  • METHODS: ERalpha, ERbeta and PELP1/MNAR protein expression were evaluated by immunohistochemistry in colorectal normal mucosa, adenomas and adenocarcinomas from 113 patients with colorectal cancer.
  • Additionally, the expression of both proteins was significantly increased in stromal myofibroblasts of carcinomas compared to adenomas and normal mucosa.

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  • (PMID = 19478391.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-8606
  • [Journal-full-title] Cellular oncology : the official journal of the International Society for Cellular Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Co-Repressor Proteins; 0 / Estrogen Receptor alpha; 0 / Estrogen Receptor beta; 0 / PELP1 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4618984
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33. Lee DS, Kang SB, Baek JT, Nam SW, Lee KM, Ahn BM, Lee EH, Han SW, Chung IS: [Immunohistochemical expression of bcl-2, bcl-xL, bax, p53 proteins in gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2005 Jun;45(6):394-400
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  • [Title] [Immunohistochemical expression of bcl-2, bcl-xL, bax, p53 proteins in gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma].
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the immunohistochemical expression of bcl-2, bcl-xL, bax, and p53 proteins according to the pathological parameters such as grade of dysplasia, histological type, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage in the gastric adenoma and gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining using monoclonal bcl-2, bcl-xL, bax, p53 antibodies were performed on paraffin embedded specimens from forty-one gastric adenomas and 100 gastric adenocarcinomas.
  • RESULTS: The expression rate of bcl-2 was higher in adenomas (34.2%), especially in high grade dysplasia (52.4%), than adenocarcinomas (2.0%).
  • The expression rate of bcl-xL was higher in adenocarcinomas (55.0%) than adenomas (22%).
  • The expression rate of the bax was higher in adenocarcinomas (58.0%) than adenomas (14.6%).
  • In the adenocarcinoma, the bax expression was significantly related with the depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage.
  • The expression rate of p53 was higher in adenocarcinomas (64.0%) than adenomas (14.6%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Bcl-2 protein would be related with the development of gastric adenoma, especially with high grade dysplasia.
  • Bcl-xL and p53 proteins would be involved in the development of relatively early stage of gastric adenocarcinoma but not in tumor progression.
  • Bax protein would be involved in the development of gastric adenocarcinoma and related with depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism. bcl-2-Associated X Protein / metabolism. bcl-X Protein / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15973073.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; 0 / bcl-X Protein
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34. Klosterman E, Colitz CM, Chandler HL, Kusewitt DF, Saville WJ, Dubielzig RR: Immunohistochemical properties of ocular adenomas, adenocarcinomas and medulloepitheliomas. Vet Ophthalmol; 2006 Nov-Dec;9(6):387-94
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical properties of ocular adenomas, adenocarcinomas and medulloepitheliomas.
  • Ocular medulloepitheliomas, adenomas and adenocarcinomas share a common phenotype and originate from the optic cup neuroectoderm.
  • CK20 immunostaining was found in the adenomas but not in the adenocarcinomas or medulloepitheliomas.
  • AE1/AE3 expression was present more consistently in the adenocarcinomas and less frequently in the adenomas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / immunology. Adenocarcinoma / veterinary. Adenoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / immunology. Adenoma / veterinary. Animals. Dogs. Female. Immunohistochemistry / veterinary. Male. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / diagnosis. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / immunology. Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive / veterinary. Predictive Value of Tests

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  • (PMID = 17076871.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-5216
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Ophthalmol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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35. Toth B, Coles M: Inhibition of large intestinal cancers by celecoxib using a serial sacrifice technique. In Vivo; 2006 Jul-Aug;20(4):453-7
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  • Histopathologically, the tumors were diagnosed as polypoid adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the cecum, colon and rectum.
  • [MeSH-minor] 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine / administration & dosage. 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine / pharmacology. Adenocarcinoma / chemically induced. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma / chemically induced. Adenoma / pathology. Administration, Oral. Animals. Animals, Outbred Strains. Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage. Carcinogens / administration & dosage. Carcinogens / pharmacology. Celecoxib. Female. Incidence. Injections, Subcutaneous. Mice. Survival Rate. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 16900774.001).
  • [ISSN] 0258-851X
  • [Journal-full-title] In vivo (Athens, Greece)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] In Vivo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCCIH NIH HHS / AT / 1R21 AT001739
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors; 0 / Pyrazoles; 0 / Sulfonamides; IX068S9745 / 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine; JCX84Q7J1L / Celecoxib
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36. Kucherlapati MH, Yang K, Fan K, Kuraguchi M, Sonkin D, Rosulek A, Lipkin M, Bronson RT, Aronow BJ, Kucherlapati R: Loss of Rb1 in the gastrointestinal tract of Apc1638N mice promotes tumors of the cecum and proximal colon. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 2008 Oct 7;105(40):15493-8
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  • Large intestinal tumors are predominantly adenomas, whereas the tumors of the small intestine are a mixture of adenomas and adenocarcinomas.

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  • (PMID = 18832169.001).
  • [ISSN] 1091-6490
  • [Journal-full-title] Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA084301; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-084301
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Retinoblastoma Protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2563082
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37. Lee JS, Lee KT, Jung JH, Ok SW, Choi SC, Lee KH, Lee JK, Heo JS, Choi SH, Rhee JC: [Factors associated with malignancy in gallbladder polyps without gallbladder stone]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2008 Aug;52(2):97-105
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  • The clinical and radiological features of the polyps were compared between the two groups (neoplastic vs. non-neoplastic) and in the three groups (non-neoplastic vs. adenoma vs. adenocarcinoma).
  • RESULTS: Of 354 patients, non-neoplastic polyps were observed in 229 (64.7%) patents, adenoma in 85 (24.0%) and adenocarcinoma in 40 (11.3%).
  • The mean diameter of non-neoplastic polyp, adenoma, and adenocarcinoma were 11.3+/-2.8 mm, 16.0+/-7.2 mm, and 27.0+/-8.9 mm, respectively.
  • The mean age of patients with non-neoplastic polyp, adenoma, and adenocarcinoma were 44.8+/-11.3, 49.9+/-12.5, and 60.8+/-9.6, respectively.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / diagnosis. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Data Interpretation, Statistical. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Odds Ratio. Predictive Value of Tests. ROC Curve

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  • (PMID = 19077501.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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38. Woicke J, Durham SK, Mense MG: Lobucavir-induced proliferative changes in mice. Exp Toxicol Pathol; 2007 Nov;59(3-4):197-204
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  • Light microscopically, lobucavir-induced neoplastic lesions consisted of upper digestive tract squamous cell neoplasia in males and females; cervical, vaginal, and cutaneous squamous cell neoplasia in females; and Hardarian gland adenomas and adenocarcinomas in male mice.

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  • (PMID = 17942294.001).
  • [ISSN] 0940-2993
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental and toxicologic pathology : official journal of the Gesellschaft für Toxikologische Pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Toxicol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-HIV Agents; 0 / Carcinogens; 5Z93L87A1R / Guanine; 8U5PYQ1R2E / lobucavir
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39. Kusaba T, Nakayama T, Yamazumi K, Yakata Y, Yoshizaki A, Nagayasu T, Sekine I: Expression of p-STAT3 in human colorectal adenocarcinoma and adenoma; correlation with clinicopathological factors. J Clin Pathol; 2005 Aug;58(8):833-8
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  • [Title] Expression of p-STAT3 in human colorectal adenocarcinoma and adenoma; correlation with clinicopathological factors.
  • AIMS: To examine the relation between p-STAT3 (activated form of STAT3) expression and clinicopathological factors in human colorectal adenocarcinoma and adenoma.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemical analyses were carried out on tissues from 44 colorectal adenomas and 95 colorectal adenocarcinomas, comprising 18 intramucosal carcinomas and 77 invasive carcinomas.
  • Only eight of the 44 adenomas showed immunopositivity for p-STAT3, resulting in a significant difference between total adenocarcinomas and adenomas (p < 0.001).
  • Among the 95 cases of colorectal adenocarcinoma, p-STAT3 immunoreactivity was significantly correlated with the depth of tumour invasion (p < 0.05), venous invasion (p < 0.05), lymph node metastasis (p < 0.05), and increasing stages of the Dukes' classification (p < 0.01).
  • These findings suggest that p-STAT3 expression is an important factor related to carcinogenesis and/or tumour invasion of colorectal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Trans-Activators / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16049285.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9746
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / STAT3 Transcription Factor; 0 / STAT3 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1770863
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40. Toth B, Coles M, Lynch J: Effects of VPS extract of Coriolus versicolor on cancer of the large intestine using a serial sacrifice technique. In Vivo; 2006 May-Jun;20(3):341-6
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  • Histopathologically, the tumors were diagnosed as polypoid adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the cecum, colon and rectum.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / chemically induced. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma / chemically induced. Adenoma / pathology. Animals. Cecal Neoplasms / chemically induced. Cecal Neoplasms / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / chemically induced. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Female. Injections, Subcutaneous. Mice. Rectal Neoplasms / chemically induced. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Survival Analysis. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 16724667.001).
  • [ISSN] 0258-851X
  • [Journal-full-title] In vivo (Athens, Greece)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] In Vivo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCCIH NIH HHS / AT / 1R21 AT001739
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Plant Extracts; IX068S9745 / 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
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41. Lisovsky M, Falkowski O, Bhuiya T: Expression of alpha-methylacyl-coenzyme A racemase in dysplastic Barrett's epithelium. Hum Pathol; 2006 Dec;37(12):1601-6
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  • Although identification of epithelial dysplasia in Barrett's esophagus (BE) is critically important because of a significant risk of progression to invasive adenocarcinoma, the diagnosis of dysplasia may be challenging.
  • It is expressed in colon adenomas and adenocarcinomas but not in normal colonic epithelium suggesting a role in development of gastrointestinal malignancies.
  • Ninety-six routinely processed biopsy and/or resection specimens (23 negative for dysplasia; 19, low-grade dysplasia; 22, high-grade dysplasia; 16, reactive atypia; and 16, esophageal adenocarcinoma) were immunostained using a monoclonal anti-AMACR antibody p504S.
  • Of 16 specimens, 12 (75%) showed positive staining for AMACR in the adenocarcinoma group.

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  • (PMID = 16996568.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 5.1.- / Racemases and Epimerases; EC 5.1.99.4 / alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase
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42. Takeuchi H, Saoo K, Matsuda Y, Yokohira M, Yamakawa K, Zeng Y, Kuno T, Kamataki T, Imaida K: 8-Methoxypsoralen, a potent human CYP2A6 inhibitor, inhibits lung adenocarcinoma development induced by 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone in female A/J mice. Mol Med Rep; 2009 Jul-Aug;2(4):585-8
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  • [Title] 8-Methoxypsoralen, a potent human CYP2A6 inhibitor, inhibits lung adenocarcinoma development induced by 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone in female A/J mice.
  • Previously, we demonstrated that 8-methoxypsoralen (methoxsalen), a potent human cytochrome P450 2A6 (CYP2A6) inhibitor, strongly suppresses lung adenoma induction by 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) in female A/J mice.
  • In the present study, we examined the inhibitory effects of methoxsalen on the development of lung adenocarcinomas, as well as on adenomas and alveolar hyperplasia.
  • The experiments were terminated 52 weeks after the first methoxsalen treatment, and lung adenomas and adenocarcinomas were analyzed histopathologically.
  • Pretreatment with methoxsalen significantly reduced the incidence of adenocarcinomas from 94.7 to 46.7% (12.5 mg/kg) and 44.4% (1.25 mg/kg), and their tumor multiplicity from 4.68 to 0.87 (12.5 mg/kg) and 0.61 (1.25 mg/kg) tumors/mouse.
  • The tumor multiplicity of adenomas and adenocarcinomas in the methoxsalen-treated groups was significantly reduced from 12.47 to 5.67 (12.5 mg/kg) and 4.28 (1.25 mg/kg) tumors/mouse.
  • Approximately 60% of the adenocarcinomas arose within adenomas.
  • In comparing the methoxsalen + NNK and NNK alone groups, there was no significant difference in the frequency of such compound lesions, indicating that pretreatment with methoxsalen did not suppress the eventual progression of adenomas to adenocarcinomas.
  • These results clearly demonstrate that methoxsalen, a potent human CYP2A6 inhibitor, inhibits not only lung adenoma but also adenocarcinoma development.

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  • (PMID = 21475870.001).
  • [ISSN] 1791-3004
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular medicine reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol Med Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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43. Wang Y, Zhou ZG, Xia QJ, Zhang WY, Li HG, Wang R: [Expression of minichromosome maintenance protein 2 in colonic adenocarcinoma, adenoma and normal colonic mucosa and its clinical significance]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Sep;11(5):465-8
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  • [Title] [Expression of minichromosome maintenance protein 2 in colonic adenocarcinoma, adenoma and normal colonic mucosa and its clinical significance].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression differences of minichromosome maintenance 2 (MCM2) mRNA and protein among colon adenocarcinoma, colon adenoma and normal mucosa, and among different clinicopathological types of adenomas.
  • METHODS: Fifty specimens, including 33 colonic adenomas, 12 colonic adenocarcinomas and 5 normal colonic mucosa were selected.
  • Expression differences of MCM2 mRNA among the colonic adenocarcinoma, adenoma and normal colonic mucosa were evaluated by REST-XL software.
  • RESULTS: The expression of MCM2 was observed in the basal third to half of the colonic crypts in normal mucosa, while throughout the epithelium in the colonic adenocarcinomas and adenomas.
  • However, the expression of MCM2 mRNA in the adenocarcinomas was significantly higher than that in the adenomas(P=0.001).
  • The MCM2 mRNA expression was elevated in the adenoma with villous type, in the conditions of high-grade dysplasia, larger size, sessile morphology and in patients of older ages, but the difference was not significant by REST-XL (P>0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: The difference of MCM2 expression between the adenoma and the adenocarcinoma indicates its potential value in the early diagnosis of colonic cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism. Colonic Neoplasms / metabolism. Nuclear Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18803052.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-0274
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 3.6.4.12 / MCM2 protein, human; EC 3.6.4.12 / Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 2
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44. Kang HJ, Park DY, Kim KH, Song GA, Lauwers GY: [Pathologic diagnosis of gastric epithelial neoplasia]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2008 Nov;52(5):273-80
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  • Gastric epithelial neoplasia is a very common disease entity in Korea, encompassing gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma / pathology. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology. Terminology as Topic

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  • (PMID = 19077472.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Number-of-references] 25
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45. Ma Q, Wang Y, Gao X, Ma Z, Song Z: L-arginine reduces cell proliferation and ornithine decarboxylase activity in patients with colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma. Clin Cancer Res; 2007 Dec 15;13(24):7407-12
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  • [Title] L-arginine reduces cell proliferation and ornithine decarboxylase activity in patients with colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: Evidence suggests that the majority of colorectal carcinomas arise from adenomas, and L-arginine suppresses colorectal tumorigenesis.
  • We suppose that L-arginine may inhibit the process of carcinogenesis from colorectal adenoma to adenocarcinoma.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We selected 60 patients with colorectal cancer and 60 patients with colorectal adenoma (CRA) and divided them into four groups of 30 patients each.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Adenoma / drug therapy. Arginine / therapeutic use. Colorectal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Ornithine Decarboxylase / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 18094424.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BIRC5 protein, human; 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen; 31C4KY9ESH / Nitric Oxide; 94ZLA3W45F / Arginine; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase; EC 4.1.1.17 / Ornithine Decarboxylase
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46. Kim JY, Park DY, Kim GH, Choi KU, Lee CH, Huh GY, Sol MY, Song GA, Jeon TY, Kim DH, Sim MS: Smad4 expression in gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma: frequent loss of expression in diffuse type of gastric adenocarcinoma. Histol Histopathol; 2005 04;20(2):543-9
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  • [Title] Smad4 expression in gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma: frequent loss of expression in diffuse type of gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • The purpose of this study was to elucidate Smad4 expression and localization in 65 gastric adenomas, 49 intestinal-type and 39 diffuse type of gastric adenocarcinomas (including 12 cases of fresh frozen tissue) using Real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry.
  • Real-time RT-PCR showed that intestinal type gastric adenocarcinomas have higher Smad4 mRNA expression than diffuse type gastric adenocarcinomas.
  • Immunohistochemical stain for Smad4 revealed that expression of Smad4 was significantly lower in diffuse-type gastric adenocarcinoma than intestinal-type gastric adenocarcinomas.
  • Also, higher Smad4 protein expression in intestinal type gastric adenocarcinomas than overall gastric adenoma was noted.
  • These results suggest that Smad4 might play different roles in human gastric carcinogenesis, especially between intestinal type and diffuse type of gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / genetics. Adenoma / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Stomach Neoplasms / genetics. Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism. Trans-Activators / genetics. Trans-Activators / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15736060.001).
  • [ISSN] 0213-3911
  • [Journal-full-title] Histology and histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histol. Histopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; 0 / SMAD4 protein, human; 0 / Smad4 Protein; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta
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47. Fukuyama M, Rokutan K, Sano T, Miyake H, Shimada M, Tashiro S: Overexpression of a novel superoxide-producing enzyme, NADPH oxidase 1, in adenoma and well differentiated adenocarcinoma of the human colon. Cancer Lett; 2005 Apr 18;221(1):97-104
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  • [Title] Overexpression of a novel superoxide-producing enzyme, NADPH oxidase 1, in adenoma and well differentiated adenocarcinoma of the human colon.
  • Adenomas and well differentiated adenocarcinomas up-regulated Nox1 expression.
  • Nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB was predominantly activated in adenoma and adenocarcinoma cells expressing abundant Nox1, suggesting that Nox1 may stimulate NF-kappaB-dependent antiapoptotic pathways in colon tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / enzymology. Adenoma / enzymology. Colonic Neoplasms / enzymology. NADPH Oxidase / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15797632.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-3835
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / NF-kappa B; EC 1.6.3.- / NOX1 protein, human; EC 1.6.3.1 / NADPH Oxidase
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48. Cho EY, Kim KM, Park CK, Kim JJ, Sohn TS, Kim DW: AMACR is highly expressed in gastric adenomas and intestinal-type carcinomas. APMIS; 2007 Jun;115(6):713-8
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  • [Title] AMACR is highly expressed in gastric adenomas and intestinal-type carcinomas.
  • Alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase (AMACR) is a novel tumor biomarker expressed in a number of neoplasms, including colorectal and prostatic adenocarcinomas.
  • Using immunohistochemistry we studied the expression of AMACR in normal gastric mucosa (n=32), intestinal metaplasia (n=26), adenomas (n=29) and adenocarcinomas (n=132) of the stomach from 135 patients.
  • Synchronous adenocarcinomas arising in the background of adenomas were observed in 26 cases.
  • Tissue from intestinal metaplasia, adenomas, and adenocarcinomas was positive in 7.7% (2/26), 79.3% (23/29), and 62.9% (83/132) of cases, respectively.
  • The difference in AMACR expression between adenomas or adenocarcinomas and non-neoplastic mucosa was statistically significant (p=0.0001).
  • Our results indicate that as well as being an additional diagnostic tool, altered AMACR expression in gastric adenomas and intestinal-type carcinomas suggests that AMACR may be involved early in the development of intestinal-type gastric carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Intestinal Neoplasms / metabolism. Intestines / pathology. Racemases and Epimerases / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17550379.001).
  • [ISSN] 0903-4641
  • [Journal-full-title] APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] APMIS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; EC 5.1.- / Racemases and Epimerases; EC 5.1.99.4 / alpha-methylacyl-CoA racemase
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49. Cao J, Xia J, Wang H, DU H, Li WL: [Fragile histidine triad protein expression and correlation with apoptosis in rectal carcinoma]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Mar;10(2):177-81
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  • METHODS: Tissue microarray and immunohistochemistry SP were used to detect the expression of FHIT, Bcl-2, Bax and Survivin in 16 cases of normal rectal tissue, 16 cases of rectal adenoma and 80 cases of rectal carcinoma.
  • RESULTS: The positive rates of FHIT expression in normal rectal tissue, rectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma were 93.8%, 75.0% and 46.3% respectively.

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  • (PMID = 17380463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-0274
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BIRC5 protein, human; 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; 0 / fragile histidine triad protein; EC 3.6.- / Acid Anhydride Hydrolases
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50. Habermann N, Schön A, Lund EK, Glei M: Fish fatty acids alter markers of apoptosis in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma cell lines but fish consumption has no impact on apoptosis-induction ex vivo. Apoptosis; 2010 May;15(5):621-30
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  • [Title] Fish fatty acids alter markers of apoptosis in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma cell lines but fish consumption has no impact on apoptosis-induction ex vivo.
  • LT97 human colon adenoma and HT29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells were used to investigate modulation of apoptosis by EPA, DHA or linoleic acid (LA) using a set of endpoints, namely phosphatidylserine staining with Annexin-V (flow cytometry), Bcl-2 expression (Real-time RT-PCR), and Bid, caspase 3, 8 and 9 expression as well as PARP cleavage (Western Blot).
  • Taken together, our results show that adenoma cells are highly susceptible to n-3 PUFA-induced apoptosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma. Apoptosis / drug effects. Biomarkers / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms. Dietary Fats. Fatty Acids, Omega-3. Fishes

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  • (PMID = 20107900.001).
  • [ISSN] 1573-675X
  • [Journal-full-title] Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Apoptosis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Caspase Inhibitors; 0 / Dietary Fats; 0 / Fatty Acids, Omega-3; 0 / Fish Oils; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; EC 2.4.2.30 / Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases
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51. Perse M, Zebic A, Cerar A: Rofecoxib does not inhibit aberrant crypt foci formation but inhibits later steps in the development of experimental colorectal cancer: rofecoxib in experimental colon cancer. Scand J Gastroenterol; 2005 Jan;40(1):61-7
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  • Colorectal tumours were evaluated quantitatively and histopathologically for the presence of aberrant crypt foci (ACF), adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • However, a significant lower incidence of adenomas (p < 0.05), adenocarcinomas (p < 0.05) and decreased volume of macroscopically visible tumours (by 42%) was found in the experimental group.

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  • (PMID = 15841716.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lactones; 0 / Sulfones; 0QTW8Z7MCR / rofecoxib
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52. Imai T, Onose J, Hasumura M, Takizawa T, Hirose M: Indomethacin induces small intestinal damage and inhibits amitrole-associated thyroid carcinogenesis in rats initiated with N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl)nitrosamine. Toxicol Lett; 2006 Jun 20;164(1):71-80
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  • Histopathological examination revealed significant reduction in the incidence and multiplicity of follicular cell adenomas and adenocarcinomas in the group concomitantly treated with IM, but no change in the DSS group, as compared with the AT alone group.

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  • (PMID = 16384670.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-4274
  • [Journal-full-title] Toxicology letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Toxicol. Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Nitrosamines; 0 / Thyroid Hormones; 53609-64-6 / diisopropanolnitrosamine; XXE1CET956 / Indomethacin; ZF80H5GXUF / Amitrole
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53. Shi C, Scudiere JR, Cornish TC, Lam-Himlin D, Park JY, Fox MR, Montgomery EA: Clear cell change in colonic tubular adenoma and corresponding colonic clear cell adenocarcinoma is associated with an altered mucin core protein profile. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Sep;34(9):1344-50
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  • [Title] Clear cell change in colonic tubular adenoma and corresponding colonic clear cell adenocarcinoma is associated with an altered mucin core protein profile.
  • Clear cell change is seen in <1% of colonic tubular adenomas (TAs) and remains incompletely characterized.
  • Associated adenocarcinomas can also demonstrate a clear cell phenotype.
  • Eleven TAs with at least focal clear cell change with or without associated invasive adenocarcinoma, from 10 patients were studied.
  • Two were associated with invasive clear cell adenocarcinoma.
  • The adenomas and adenocarcinomas ranged from 0.5 to 3.5 cm.
  • On immunohistochemical studies, the clear cells had decreased MUC2 labeling compared with the surrounding conventional adenoma in 9 of 11 (88%) cases, including the 2 clear cell adenocarcinomas.
  • Compared with background TA, both increased and decreased expression of CK7, CK20 (in quantity), and CDX2 (in intensity) were observed in the clear cells of TAs and adenocarcinomas.
  • One of the clear cell adenocarcinomas was CK20, CK7, CDX2 and the other was CK20, CK7, CDX2-focal positive.
  • Thus, although the clear cells have different MUC protein profiles than the background adenomatous epithelium, invasive clear cell adenocarcinomas retained the typical CK20(+)/CK7(-) profile of conventional adenocarcinomas.
  • Our results indicate that clear cell adenocarcinomas can be primary to the colorectum with identifiable precursors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adenoma / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Mucins / metabolism. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20697252.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Mucins
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54. Han HS, Lee SY, Seong MK, Kim JH, Sung IK, Park HS, Jin CJ, Hwang TS: Presence of iron in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas. Gut Liver; 2008 Jun;2(1):19-22
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  • [Title] Presence of iron in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • In this study, we attempted to determine the significance of tissue iron in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • METHODS: This study investigated 138 colorectal neoplasms (54 adenocarcinomas, 25 adenomas with high-grade dysplasia, and 59 adenomas with low-grade dysplasia) that were removed by surgical or endoscopic resection in Konkuk University Hospital between August 2005 and August 2006.
  • RESULTS: Positive Perls' staining was evident in 35.2% (19/54) of the adenocarcinomas and 22.6% (19/84) of the adenomas, and in only 2.2% (3/138) of the samples of adjacent normal colon tissue (p<0.001).
  • Iron expression was strong in larger (p=0.004) and pedunculated (p<0.001) adenomas, and in all types of adenocarcinomas regardless of their size, shape, and location.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The frequent presence of iron in the stroma of large adenomas, pedunculated adenomas, and adenocarcinomas indicates that iron deposition is a secondary phenomenon to intralesional hemorrhage rather than a consequence of epithelial-cell carcinogenesis.

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  • (PMID = 20485606.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-1212
  • [Journal-full-title] Gut and liver
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gut Liver
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2871572
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenocarcinoma / Adenoma / Colorectal neoplasm / Iron
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55. Maruya S, Shirasaki T, Nagaki T, Kakehata S, Kurotaki H, Mizukami H, Shinkawa H: Differential expression of topoisomerase IIalpha protein in salivary gland carcinomas: histogenetic and prognostic implications. BMC Cancer; 2009;9:72
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  • METHODS: The protein expression of topoIIalpha was evaluated immunohistochemically in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue from 54 salivary gland carcinomas and 20 benign tumors (10 pleomorphic adenomas and 10 Warthin's tumors).
  • The primary salivary gland carcinoma specimens consisted of 17 adenoid cystic carcinomas, 7 adenocarcinomas not otherwise specified, 7 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, 6 salivary duct carcinomas, 3 acinic cell carcinomas, 3 carcinomas ex pleomorphic adenomas, 3 epithelial-myoepithelial carcinomas, 2 carcinosarcomas, 2 lymphoepithelial carcinomas, 2 myoepithelial carcinomas, 1 oncocytic carcinoma, and 1 squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Expression of topoIIalpha was more frequently observed in salivary duct carcinoma, carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, adenocarcinoma, and adenoid cystic carcinoma, solid type, and it was associated with advanced stage and shortened survival.

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  • (PMID = 19250538.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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56. Fujimoto T, Yoshimatsu K, Watanabe K, Yokomizo H, Otani T, Matsumoto A, Osawa G, Onda M, Ogawa K: Overexpression of human X-box binding protein 1 (XBP-1) in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas. Anticancer Res; 2007 Jan-Feb;27(1A):127-31
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  • [Title] Overexpression of human X-box binding protein 1 (XBP-1) in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of eleven patients who had undergone resection for colorectal cancer or adenoma from 2000 to 2002.
  • RESULTS: The XBP-1 gene was overexpressed in four cases out of five primary colorectal carcinomas and in four cases out of six colorectal adenomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis. Nuclear Proteins / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 17352224.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / regulatory factor X transcription factors
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57. Redente EF, Orlicky DJ, Bouchard RJ, Malkinson AM: Tumor signaling to the bone marrow changes the phenotype of monocytes and pulmonary macrophages during urethane-induced primary lung tumorigenesis in A/J mice. Am J Pathol; 2007 Feb;170(2):693-708
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  • Neutrophils infiltrated the alveoli of tumor-bearing lungs and within the periphery of macroscopic adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • These biochemical markers of macrophage activation states would have diagnostic and/or therapeutic value if analogous systemic shifts occur in humans.

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  • (PMID = 17255336.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9440
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA033497; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096133; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA33497; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA96133
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Carcinogens; 3IN71E75Z5 / Urethane; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nos2 protein, mouse
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1851863
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58. Uner A, Ebinc FA, Akyurek N, Unsal D, Mentes BB, Dursun A: Vascular endothelial growth factor, c-erbB-2 and c-erbB-3 expression in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma. Exp Oncol; 2005 Sep;27(3):225-8
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  • [Title] Vascular endothelial growth factor, c-erbB-2 and c-erbB-3 expression in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: Sections of adenoma, intramucosal carcinoma and adenocarcinoma were evaluated by immunohistochemistry in 85 malignant and 37 benign colorectal neoplasms for the expression of VEGF, c-erbB-2 and c-erbB-3 considering clinicopathological variables.
  • RESULTS: VEGF was detected in comparable percentages of all neoplasm types while c-erbB-2 expression was detectable more frequently in adenoma than adenocarcinoma cases (65% vs 43%).
  • Except for the correlation of c-erbB-3 expression with Dukes' staging, there was no correlation between the studied markers and grade of differentiation, Dukes' stage and localization of colorectal adenocarcinoma. c-erbB-3 expression was seen more frequently in tubular adenomas, while c-erbB-2 expression was higher in tubulovillous and villous types.
  • CONCLUSION: These results suggest that VEGF, c-erbB-2, c-erbB-3 expression does not have prognostic value in colorectal cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenoma / genetics. Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics. Receptor, ErbB-2 / biosynthesis. Receptor, ErbB-3 / biosynthesis. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 16244586.001).
  • [ISSN] 1812-9269
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ukraine
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-3
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59. Oyama T, Yasui Y, Sugie S, Koketsu M, Watanabe K, Tanaka T: Dietary tricin suppresses inflammation-related colon carcinogenesis in male Crj: CD-1 mice. Cancer Prev Res (Phila); 2009 Dec;2(12):1031-8
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  • The development of colonic adenomas and adenocarcinomas was significantly reduced by feeding with 50 and 250 ppm tricin, respectively.
  • Dietary tricin also significantly reduced the proliferation of adenocarcinoma cells as well as the numbers of mitoses/anaphase bridging in adenocarcinoma cells.
  • Our findings that dietary tricin inhibits inflammation-related mouse colon carcinogenesis by suppressing the expression of TNF-alpha in the nonlesional cyrpts and the proliferation of adenocarcinomas suggest a potential use of tricin for clinical trials of colorectal cancer chemoprevention.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / prevention & control. Adenoma / prevention & control. Colonic Neoplasms / prevention & control. Diet. Flavonoids / administration & dosage. Inflammation / prevention & control. Phytotherapy

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  • (PMID = 19934339.001).
  • [ISSN] 1940-6215
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer prevention research (Philadelphia, Pa.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Prev Res (Phila)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Flavonoids; 0 / Plant Extracts; 0 / RNA, Messenger; D51JZL38TQ / tricin; MO0N1J0SEN / Azoxymethane
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60. Qi J, Zhu YQ, Luo J, Tao WH, Zhang JM: [Hypermethylation and regulation of expression of secreted frizzled-related protein genes in colorectal tumor]. Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi; 2007 Nov;29(11):842-5
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  • RESULTS: None of the normal colorectal mucosa tissues showed methylation of sFRP genes. sFRP1, 2, 4 and 5 were frequently methylated in colorectal adenocarcinoma, adenoma and aberrant crypt foci (ACF) (sFRP1 > 85%, sFRP2 > 75%, sFRP5 > 50%), the differences between any two of them were not significant (P >0.05).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. DNA Methylation. Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma / genetics. Adenoma / metabolism. Adenoma / pathology. Adult. Aged. Azacitidine / analogs & derivatives. Azacitidine / pharmacology. Biomarkers, Tumor. Colonic Neoplasms / genetics. Colonic Neoplasms / metabolism. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. DNA Modification Methylases / antagonists & inhibitors. Eye Proteins / genetics. Eye Proteins / metabolism. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Gene Silencing. HCT116 Cells. Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors / pharmacology. Humans. Hydroxamic Acids / pharmacology. Male. Middle Aged. RNA, Messenger / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18396643.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-3766
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Eye Proteins; 0 / Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors; 0 / Hydroxamic Acids; 0 / Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / SFRP1 protein, human; 0 / SFRP2 protein, human; 0 / SFRP5 protein, human; 3X2S926L3Z / trichostatin A; 776B62CQ27 / decitabine; EC 2.1.1.- / DNA Modification Methylases; M801H13NRU / Azacitidine
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61. Hashimoto Y, Skacel M, Lavery IC, Mukherjee AL, Casey G, Adams JC: Prognostic significance of fascin expression in advanced colorectal cancer: an immunohistochemical study of colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas. BMC Cancer; 2006;6:241
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  • [Title] Prognostic significance of fascin expression in advanced colorectal cancer: an immunohistochemical study of colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • Here, we report on the prevalence and potential clinical significance of fascin expression in relation to the progression of colorectal adenocarcinoma and to tumor cell proliferation as measured by Ki67 index.
  • METHODS: Conventional tissue sections of 107 colorectal adenomas and 35 adenocarcinomas were analyzed by immunohistochemistry for fascin and Ki67 expression.
  • Fascin expression and Ki67 proliferation index were also investigated by use of a tissue microarray containing cores from a further 158 colorectal adenocarcinomas and 15 adenomas linked to a CCF, IRB-approved database with a mean of 38 months of clinical follow-up.
  • In conventional sections, 16% of adenomas and 26% of adenocarcinomas showed fascin expression in greater than 10% of the tumor cells.
  • Patients with stage III/IV adenocarcinomas (n = 62) with strong fascin immunoreactivity had a worse prognosis than patients with low or absent fascin, (3-year overall survival of 11% versus 43% for fascin-negative patients; p = 0.023).
  • In adenomas, fascin and Ki67 tended to be inversely correlated at the cellular level; this trend was less apparent in adenocarcinomas.
  • CONCLUSION: Fascin is upregulated in a proportion of adenomas, where its expression is often focal.
  • Strong and diffuse expression was seen in a subset of advanced colorectal adenocarcinomas that correlated with shorter survival in stage III and IV patients.
  • Fascin may have prognostic value as an early biomarker for more aggressive colorectal adenocarcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenoma / genetics. Carrier Proteins / biosynthesis. Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / physiology. Microfilament Proteins / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 17029629.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Microfilament Proteins; 146808-54-0 / fascin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1615879
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62. Hong R, Lim SC: Pathological significance of connexin 26 expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma. Oncol Rep; 2008 Apr;19(4):913-9
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  • [Title] Pathological significance of connexin 26 expression in colorectal adenocarcinoma.
  • This study was conducted to determine the level of expression and cellular localization of connexin 26 (Cx26) and the expression of p53 in colorectal adenocarcinoma as well as their relationship to clinicopathological features.
  • Immunohistochemical staining was performed in 130 colorectal adenocarcinoma cases.
  • There was a statistical significant difference in the Cx26 expression level among normal epithelium (NE), adenomas and adenocarcinomas (p<0.001).
  • Of the 130 adenocarcinomas, 48.5% were positive for Cx26.
  • All of the adenoma and NE samples were positive for Cx26 expression; however, the level of expression of Cx26 in adenomas was smaller than the level of expression for NE.
  • Cytoplasmic staining for Cx26 was observed in the adenocarcinomas (23.8%), but was not observed in the adenoma and NE samples.
  • Expression of p53 was positive for 50% of the adenocarcinomas, and the level of p53 was increased in a reverse proportion to the level of Cx26 intercellular staining.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Connexins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 18357375.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Connexins; 127120-53-0 / connexin 26
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63. Sparr JA, Bandipalliam P, Redston MS, Syngal S: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas with loss of mismatch repair in a patient with Lynch syndrome. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Feb;33(2):309-12
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  • Phenotypic manifestations of Lynch syndrome in this patient included multiple adenomas and adenocarcinomas of the colon and also several other Lynch syndrome-associated cancers.
  • The patient's adenocarcinoma of the colon and IPMN of the pancreas showed identical immunohistochemical staining profiles with loss of expression of MSH2 and MSH6 proteins and high levels of microsatellite instability.
  • The immunohistochemical staining and microsatellite instability patterns of the adenocarcinoma of the colon and IPMN gives strong evidence to support the consideration of IPMN as part of the spectrum of lesions found in Lynch syndrome.

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  • (PMID = 18987546.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K24 CA113433; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K24 CA113433-04; United States / PHS HHS / / K24-113433
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.6.1.3 / MSH2 protein, human; EC 3.6.1.3 / MutS Homolog 2 Protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS77744; NLM/ PMC2631097
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64. Lane Z, Hansel DE, Epstein JI: Immunohistochemical expression of prostatic antigens in adenocarcinoma and villous adenoma of the urinary bladder. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Sep;32(9):1322-6
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical expression of prostatic antigens in adenocarcinoma and villous adenoma of the urinary bladder.
  • Adenocarcinomas of the bladder are rare, with the diagnosis dependent on exclusion of secondary involvement by direct extension or metastatic spread from other sites.
  • The recent description of an unusual form of urothelial-type mucinous prostatic adenocarcinoma raises a novel differential diagnosis between adenocarcinomas of the prostate and bladder, and investigation into the utility of classic prostatic immunohistochemical antigens in bladder adenocarcinoma is warranted.
  • We identified 37 primary infiltrating adenocarcinomas of the bladder, which included signet ring cell carcinomas (n=11), urachal adenocarcinomas (n=5), and enteric adenocarcinoma (n=21).
  • Also included for comparison were 3 cases, each of bladder villous adenomas and bladder adenocarcinoma in situ.
  • Of the 37 adenocarcinomas, all were negative for PSA and PSAP (0/37; 0%).
  • In contrast, a minority of bladder adenocarcinomas was labeled with the prostate antigens P501S and PSMA.
  • P501S showed moderate diffuse cytoplasmic staining in 4/37 cases (11%), including 3 enteric-type adenocarcinomas and 1 mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • Additionally, 1 case of adenocarcinoma in situ demonstrated diffuse cytoplasmic staining for P501S.
  • The granular perinuclear staining pattern of P501S typically seen in prostatic adenocarcinoma was absent in all cases of bladder adenocarcinoma.
  • PSMA showed diffuse cytoplasmic staining in 4/37 (11%) infiltrating adenocarcinomas (including 1 signet ring carcinoma and 3 enteric-type adenocarcinomas), and in 1 case of adenocarcinoma in situ.
  • Membranous PSMA staining was evident in an additional 3 tumors, 1 urachal mucinous adenocarcinoma, 1 nonurachal mucinous and signet ring cell adenocarcinoma, and 1 nonurachal villous adenoma.
  • In conclusion, although all cases of bladder adenocarcinoma examined were negative for PSA and PSAP, the surprising finding that a subset of invasive and in situ adenocarcinomas of the bladder demonstrated immunoreactivity for P501S and PSMA should warrant caution when using these markers in differentiating prostatic from bladder adenocarcinomas.
  • The lack of granular perinuclear staining for P501S and the absence of membranous PSMA staining both favor a bladder adenocarcinoma, although rare cases of villous adenoma and adenocarcinoma did show PSMA membranous staining indistinguishable from that seen in prostate cancer.
  • Although the novel antigens P501S and PSMA are fairly specific and more sensitive in the differential diagnosis of prostate and urothelial carcinoma, care must be taken when adenocarcinomas of the bladder are considered within this differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma, Villous / metabolism. Antigens, Neoplasm / biosynthesis. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18670358.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / prostein; EC 3.1.3.2 / Acid Phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.2 / prostatic acid phosphatase; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases; EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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65. Goere D, Elias D: [Appendiceal tumors found at appendectomy]. J Chir (Paris); 2009 Oct;146 Spec No 1:36-8
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  • There are three main histologic types of appendiceal tumor: adenoma, adenocarcinoma, and neuroendocrine tumor.
  • Adenomas and adenocarcinomas are both rare; they share two particularities: (a) a mucinous component is both frequent and predominant, (b) they have a tendency to intraperitoneal dissemination.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / surgery. Humans. Neuroendocrine Tumors / diagnosis. Neuroendocrine Tumors / surgery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / prevention & control. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / prevention & control. Rupture / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 19846099.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-7697
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chir (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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66. Noguera Aguilar JF, Amengual Antich I, Plaza Martínez A, Ibarra de la Rosa J, Tortajada Collado C, Gamundí Gamundí A, Pujol Tugores JJ: Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition in colon experimental carcinogenesis. Rev Esp Enferm Dig; 2005 Sep;97(9):637-47
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  • Rofecoxib in lower doses had the same effect on adenomas (p < 0.05) with no effect on adenocarcinomas.
  • Rofecoxib reduced COX-2 expression in tumoral tissue from adenomas and adenocarcinomas (p < 0.01).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Rofecoxib prevents chemical colon carcinogenesis in the rat, with a reduction of tumoral colonic percentage in adenocarcinomas and tumoral COX-2 expression.

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  • (PMID = 16266236.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-0108
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Enferm Dig
  • [Language] eng; spa
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors; 0 / Lactones; 0 / Sulfones; 0QTW8Z7MCR / rofecoxib; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; IX068S9745 / 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine; R16CO5Y76E / Aspirin
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67. Doris K, Karabela SP, Kairi CA, Simoes DC, Roussos C, Zakynthinos SG, Kalomenidis I, Blackwell TS, Stathopoulos GT: Allergic inflammation does not impact chemical-induced carcinogenesis in the lungs of mice. Respir Res; 2010;11:118
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  • Urethane resulted in formation of atypical alveolar hyperplasias, adenomas, and adenocarcinomas in mouse lungs.

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  • (PMID = 20796309.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-993X
  • [Journal-full-title] Respiratory research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Respir. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3IN71E75Z5 / Urethane
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2936383
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68. Matusiewicz M, Krzystek-Korpacka M, Diakowska D, Grabowski K, Augoff K, Blachut K, Paradowski L, Kustrzeba-Wojcicka I, Piast M, Banas T: Serum sulfatase activity is more elevated in colonic adenomas than cancers. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2008 Apr;23(4):383-7
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  • [Title] Serum sulfatase activity is more elevated in colonic adenomas than cancers.
  • Because the majority of CRCs arise from AP, the aim of our studies was the investigation of sulfatase activity in adenomas and adenocarcinomas and verification of possible usefulness of sulfatase activity determination as an indicator of the presence and discrimination between adenomas and carcinomas.
  • The activity was more elevated in adenomas (149; 128-173 U) than in cancers (103; 90-112 U).
  • Sulfatase activity exceeded the cutoff value in 71% of AP and 47% of CRC patients.
  • It increased with number of adenomas and tended to decrease with tumor progression.
  • Sulfatase upregulation in majority of adenomas and their correlation tendencies warrants reconsideration of sulfatase determination as a possible diagnostic tool.

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  • (PMID = 18193432.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.8.2.- / SULF1 protein, human; EC 2.8.2.- / Sulfotransferases
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69. Colvin M, Delis A, Bracamonte E, Villar H, Leon LR Jr: Infiltrating adenocarcinoma arising in a villous adenoma of the anal canal. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Jul 28;15(28):3560-4
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  • [Title] Infiltrating adenocarcinoma arising in a villous adenoma of the anal canal.
  • In particular, adenomas and adenocarcinomas are distinctly rare entities in this region.
  • We describe an infiltrating, well-differentiated adenocarcinoma arising in a villous adenoma from the distal anal canal, in an otherwise healthy patient at low risk for gastrointestinal malignancy.
  • Microscopic evaluation revealed an infiltrating well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, arising from a villous adenoma.
  • Our report is the first describing the possible malignant degeneration of a villous adenoma in the anal canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma, Villous / pathology. Anal Canal / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19630115.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2715986
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70. Guan J, Chen J, Luo YF, Cao JL, Zhao H, Hao J: [Expression of survivin in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma]. Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao; 2007 Jun;29(3):398-401
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  • [Title] [Expression of survivin in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma].
  • METHODS Immunohistochemistry staining was performed by two-step EnVision technique for the paraffin sections, which included 90 adenomas, 25 ademomas with high-grade glandular intraepithelial neoplasia, and 108 colorectal adenocarcinomas.
  • The positive rate of SVV in tubular adenomas, villous adenomas, and tubulovillous adenomas were 30% (12/40), 40.9% (9/22), and 35.8% (10/28), respectively.
  • The positive rate of SVV in tubulovillous adenomas with high-grade glandular intraepithelial neoplasia were 68% (17/25).
  • SVV expressions among the three types of adenomas without neoplasia were not significantly different (P > 0.05).
  • SVV expression between each type of the above-mentioned ademoma and tubulovillous adenoma with high-grade glandular intraepithelial neoplasia or different Dukes stages of colorectal carcinoma was significantly different (P < 0.05).
  • SVV expressions in adenocarcinomas and adenomas with high grade glandular intraepithelial neoplasia were significantly higher than those in adenomas (P < 0.01).
  • SVV expression may be useful to distinguish adenocarcinoma from adenoma in colorectal carcinogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. Microtubule-Associated Proteins / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 17633470.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-503X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BIRC5 protein, human; 0 / Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins; 0 / Microtubule-Associated Proteins
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71. Uchiyama Y, Imazu H, Kakutani H, Hino S, Sumiyama K, Kuramochi A, Tsukinaga S, Matsunaga K, Nakayoshi T, Goda K, Saito S, Kaise M, Kawamuara M, Omar S, Tajiri H: New approach to diagnosing ampullary tumors by magnifying endoscopy combined with a narrow-band imaging system. J Gastroenterol; 2006 May;41(5):483-90
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  • All adenomas and adenocarcinomas had type II and/or type III surface structures, and patients whose ampulla had a type I surface structure had only inflammatory or hyperplastic changes.
  • In addition, abnormal vessels were seen only in adenocarcinomas and never in adenomas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma / pathology. Adenoma / surgery. Aged. Biopsy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Inflammation. Male. Microscopy, Video. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 16799891.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1174
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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72. Han YD, Hong YK, Kang JG, Choi YJ, Park CH: Relation of the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas to angiogenesis and prognosis. J Korean Soc Coloproctol; 2010 Oct;26(5):339-46
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  • [Title] Relation of the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas to angiogenesis and prognosis.
  • METHODS: Fifty colorectal adenomas and forty adenocarcinomas were investigated by using immunohistochemical staining for COX-2, VEGF and EGFR.
  • The correlations of COX-2, VEGF and EGFR with the grade of dysplasia, the size of the adenoma, and various clinicopathologic factors were studied.
  • COX-2 and EGFR showed correlations with adenomas rather than adenocarcinomas.

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  • (PMID = 21152137.001).
  • [ISSN] 2093-7830
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Korean Society of Coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Korean Soc Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2998021
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenocarcinoma / Colorectal carcinoma / Cyclooxygenase 2 / Endothelial growth factor receptor / Vascular endothelial growth factor
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73. Lozynska M: The prognostic value of cytogenetic markers for early diagnosis of colorectal cancer. Exp Oncol; 2009 Dec;31(4):237-41
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  • [Title] The prognostic value of cytogenetic markers for early diagnosis of colorectal cancer.
  • AIM: To investigate the spectrum of chromosome changes in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas and to evaluate the prognostic significance of the chromosome rearrangements.
  • METHODS: The study was carried out using the cytogenetic analysis of biopsy specimens (n = 56) of single and multiply adenomas (familial adenomatous syndromes; n = 38) and adenocarcinomas (n = 18).
  • RESULTS: The karyotype of adenomas was normal in the majority of cases, but some adenomas with severe dysplasia of epithelium carry the quantitative chromosome abnormalities and structural rearrangements.
  • The combination of additional copies of chromosomes 13, 18, 20 in adenomas points on an unfavorable prognosis.
  • The chromosome abnormalities were found in 100% of adenocarcinomas biopsy specimens.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The transition from colorectal adenomas to adenocarcinomas is accompanied by elevation of chromosome abnormalities level, in particular, by increased clonal variety, selective accumulation of the copies of chromosomes 2, 3, 20, 16, with simultaneous monosomy of chromosomes 17, 18, 8, 6, 14, and del 1p.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenoma / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Chromosome Aberrations. Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20010528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1812-9269
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ukraine
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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74. Moghaddam SJ, Li H, Cho SN, Dishop MK, Wistuba II, Ji L, Kurie JM, Dickey BF, Demayo FJ: Promotion of lung carcinogenesis by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-like airway inflammation in a K-ras-induced mouse model. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol; 2009 Apr;40(4):443-53
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  • Lung lesions in CCSP(Cre-Neo)/LSL-K-ras(G12D) and CCSP(Cre)/LSL-K-ras(G12D) mice appeared at 4 and 1 month of age, respectively, and were classified as epithelial hyperplasia of the bronchioles, adenoma, and adenocarcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 18927348.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-4989
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA070907; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA105352
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aerosols; 0 / Bacterial Proteins; 0 / Chemokines; 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / Porins; 0 / Scgb1a1 protein, mouse; 0 / ompP2 protein, Haemophilus influenzae; 9060-09-7 / Uteroglobin; EC 2.7.7.- / Cre recombinase; EC 2.7.7.- / Integrases; EC 3.6.5.2 / Kras2 protein, mouse; EC 3.6.5.2 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2660561
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75. Kawasaki T, Nosho K, Ohnishi M, Suemoto Y, Glickman JN, Chan AT, Kirkner GJ, Mino-Kenudson M, Fuchs CS, Ogino S: Cyclooxygenase-2 overexpression is common in serrated and non-serrated colorectal adenoma, but uncommon in hyperplastic polyp and sessile serrated polyp/adenoma. BMC Cancer; 2008 Jan 29;8:33
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  • [Title] Cyclooxygenase-2 overexpression is common in serrated and non-serrated colorectal adenoma, but uncommon in hyperplastic polyp and sessile serrated polyp/adenoma.
  • METHODS: By immunohistochemistry, we assessed COX-2 expression in 24 hyperplastic polyps, 7 sessile serrated polyp/adenomas (SSA), 5 mixed polyps with SSA and adenoma, 27 traditional serrated adenomas, 515 non-serrated adenomas (tubular adenoma, tubulovillous adenoma and villous adenoma), 33 adenomas with intramucosal carcinomas, 96 adenocarcinomas with serration (corkscrew gland) and 111 adenocarcinomas without serration.
  • RESULTS: Strong (2+) COX-2 overexpression was more common in non-serrated adenomas (28% = 143/515) than in hyperplastic polyps (4.2% = 1/24, p = 0.008) and serrated polyps (7 SSAs and 5 mixed polyps) (0% = 0/12, p = 0.04).
  • Furthermore, any (1+/2+) COX-2 overexpression was more frequent in non-serrated adenomas (60% = 307/515) than in hyperplastic polyps (13% = 3/24, p < 0.0001) and serrated polyps (SSAs and mixed polyps) (25% = 3/12, p = 0.03).
  • Traditional serrated adenomas and non-serrated adenomas showed similar frequencies of COX-2 overexpression.
  • Regardless of serration, COX-2 overexpression was frequent (approximately 85%) in colorectal adenocarcinomas.
  • Tumor location was not significantly correlated with COX-2 overexpression, although there was a trend towards higher frequencies of COX-2 overexpression in distal tumors (than proximal tumors) among hyperplastic polyps, SSAs, mixed polyps, traditional serrated adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • CONCLUSION: COX-2 overexpression is infrequent in hyperplastic polyp, SSA and mixed polyp with SSA and adenoma, compared to non-serrated and serrated adenoma.

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  • (PMID = 18230181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA087969; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA055075; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K07 CA122826; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA87969; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA55075; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA127003
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2; EC 1.14.99.1 / PTGS2 protein, human
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2257954
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76. Zhang YW, Staal B, Su Y, Swiatek P, Zhao P, Cao B, Resau J, Sigler R, Bronson R, Vande Woude GF: Evidence that MIG-6 is a tumor-suppressor gene. Oncogene; 2007 Jan 11;26(2):269-76
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  • Moreover, germline disruption of Mig-6 in mice leads to the development of animals with epithelial hyperplasia, adenoma, and adenocarcinoma in organs like the lung, gallbladder, and bile duct.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma / etiology. Adenoma / metabolism. Adenoma / pathology. Animals. Bile Duct Neoplasms / etiology. Bile Duct Neoplasms / metabolism. Bile Duct Neoplasms / pathology. Blotting, Northern. Blotting, Western. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / metabolism. Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Gallbladder Diseases / etiology. Gallbladder Diseases / metabolism. Gallbladder Diseases / pathology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Hepatocyte Growth Factor / pharmacology. Humans. Hyperplasia / etiology. Hyperplasia / metabolism. Hyperplasia / pathology. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Mice. Mice, Knockout. Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor. Signal Transduction. Tumor Cells, Cultured. Tumor Suppressor Proteins


77. Carneiro FP, Ramalho LN, Britto-Garcia S, Ribeiro-Silva A, Zucoloto S: Immunohistochemical expression of p16, p53, and p63 in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas. Dis Colon Rectum; 2006 May;49(5):588-94
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical expression of p16, p53, and p63 in colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the immunohistochemical expression of p16, p53, and p63 proteins according to some pathologic parameters related to colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas such as grade of dysplasia and histologic type.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemistry with the antibodies p16, p53, and p63 was performed in tubular, tubular-villous, and villous adenomas (n = 30) and in well, moderately, and poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas (n = 30).
  • RESULTS: The p16 and p53 labelings were observed in some adenomas and adenocarcinomas but without any association with p63 expression, histologic type, or grade of differentiation of the neoplasm.
  • P63 expression was found mainly in the villous adenomas and in the poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas.
  • The poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas also exhibited coexpression of CK5 and p63.
  • However, p63 expression was closely associated with villous adenomas and poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma. Adenoma. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratins / metabolism. Transcription Factors. Tumor Suppressor Proteins

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  • (PMID = 16575619.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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78. Hasumura M, Imai T, Takizawa T, Ueda M, Onose J, Hirose M: Promotion of thyroid carcinogenesis by para-aminobenzoic acid in rats initiated with N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl)nitrosamine. Toxicol Sci; 2005 Jul;86(1):61-7
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  • The final incidence of thyroid follicular cell adenomas and adenocarcinomas was significantly (p < 0.05 or 0.01) increased in groups 3 and 4 as compared to group 1.

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  • (PMID = 15843508.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-6080
  • [Journal-full-title] Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Toxicol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Nitrosamines; 0 / Thyroid Hormones; 53609-64-6 / diisopropanolnitrosamine; TL2TJE8QTX / 4-Aminobenzoic Acid
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79. Park MJ, Kim DH, Lim SH, Yim JY, Kim YS, Cho KR, Kim CH, Jung HC, Song IS, Kim SS, Yoon DH, Shin CS, Cho SH, Oh BH, Lee DH: Features of Gastric Neoplasm Detected during the Screening Examination. Gut Liver; 2007 Jun;1(1):33-9
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  • RESULTS: Of 25, 432 subjects, 122 cases of gastric neoplasms were detected including 61 adenocarcinoma (45 early gastric cancers), 53 adenoma, 7 mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and one metastatic cancer.
  • There was no significant statistical difference in basal characteristics of the subjects between gastric adenocarcinoma and adenoma.
  • Metabolic syndrome was more prevalent in adenoma than in the control (p<0.05).
  • In addition, metabolic syndrome might be related with gastric adenoma.

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  • (PMID = 20485656.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-1212
  • [Journal-full-title] Gut and liver
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gut Liver
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2871660
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenoma / Gastric cancer / Helicobacter pylori / Risk factor / Screening / Stomach
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80. Funovics MA, Alencar H, Montet X, Weissleder R, Mahmood U: Simultaneous fluorescence imaging of protease expression and vascularity during murine colonoscopy for colonic lesion characterization. Gastrointest Endosc; 2006 Oct;64(4):589-97
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  • Two mouse models were used (Apcmin(+/-) mice for colonic adenomas and CT26 murine colon cancer).
  • Both colonic adenomas and adenocarcinomas were clearly visible in the NIR channel on protease probe administration in live mice.
  • Ratio imaging of protease activity/perfusion increased from healthy colon to adenomas to adenocarcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / blood supply. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma / blood supply. Adenoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Colonic Neoplasms / blood supply. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Colonic Polyps / pathology. Colonoscopes. Dermoscopy / instrumentation. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / instrumentation. Neoplasms, Experimental / blood supply. Neoplasms, Experimental / pathology. Peptide Hydrolases / analysis. Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared / instrumentation

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  • (PMID = 16996355.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / EB001872; United States / PHS HHS / / P50 C 86355
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 3.4.- / Peptide Hydrolases; EC 3.4.22.1 / Cathepsin B
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81. Lee SW, Kang SB, Kim YS, Nam SW, Lee DS, Lee HK, Han SW: [Expression of c-erbB-2 and c-met proteins in gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2007 Mar;49(3):152-7
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  • [Title] [Expression of c-erbB-2 and c-met proteins in gastric adenoma and adenocarcinoma].
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the immunohistochemical overexpression of c-erbB-2 and c-met proteins according to the histopathological parameters such as grade of dysplasia, histological type, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, and TNM stage in gastric adenoma and gastric adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining using monoclonal c-erbB-2 and c-met antibodies was performed on paraffin embedded specimens in 43 adenomas and 44 adenocarcinomas.
  • RESULTS: The expression rate of c-erbB-2 was higher in adenomas (91%) than adenocarcinomas (30%).
  • The expression rate of c-met was higher in adenocarcinomas (77%) than adenomas (49%).
  • In adenoma, the expression rate of c-met was higher in high grade dysplasia (94%) than in low grade dysplasia (22%).
  • In adenocarcinoma, c-met expression was significantly related with lymph node metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met / metabolism. Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism. Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism


82. Cao J, Tang M, Li WL, Xie J, Du H, Tang WB, Wang H, Chen XW, Xiao H, Li Y: Upregulation of activator protein-4 in human colorectal cancer with metastasis. Int J Surg Pathol; 2009 Feb;17(1):16-21
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  • The expression pattern of activator protein-4 in 160 colorectal cancer compared with 32 colorectal adenomas and 32 normal colorectal tissues is demonstrated by tissue microarray-immunohistochemistry and real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction.
  • The activator protein-4 expression in normal colorectal tissue, adenoma, and adenocarcinoma were 4 of 32, 8 of 32, and 78 of 160, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Lymphatic Metastasis. Transcription Factors / metabolism. Up-Regulation / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18480385.001).
  • [ISSN] 1066-8969
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / enhancer-binding protein AP-4; EC 3.4.24.35 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 9
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83. López-Köstner F, Fullerton DA, Kronberg U, Soto G, Zúñiga A, Argandoña J, Miranda V, Pinto E: [Screening colonoscopy among first degree relatives of patients with colorectal carcinoma]. Rev Med Chil; 2006 Aug;134(8):997-1001
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  • Among the latter, a neoplasm was found in 13 (17%): One adenocarcinoma and 12 adenomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Screening colonoscopy is effective to detect adenoma and adenocarcinoma among first degree relatives of patients with colorectal carcinoma, however only 31% of all potential relatives agreed to undergo a colonoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / diagnosis. Colonoscopy / standards. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Family Health. Mass Screening / psychology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Attitude. Female. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Pedigree. Prospective Studies. Risk Assessment


84. Grady WM, Ulrich CM: DNA alkylation and DNA methylation: cooperating mechanisms driving the formation of colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas? Gut; 2007 Mar;56(3):318-20
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  • [Title] DNA alkylation and DNA methylation: cooperating mechanisms driving the formation of colorectal adenomas and adenocarcinomas?

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  • (PMID = 17339242.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-5749
  • [Journal-full-title] Gut
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gut
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA059045; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA114467; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA59045
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
  • [Number-of-references] 29
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1856827
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85. Bakaris S, Cetinkaya A, Ezberci F, Ekerbicer H: Expression of homeodomain protein CDX2 in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma. Histol Histopathol; 2008 09;23(9):1043-7
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  • [Title] Expression of homeodomain protein CDX2 in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma.
  • When compared to the intensity observed in adjacent normal mucosal epithelial cells, strong nuclear staining for CDX2 was observed in 10 (100%) of 10 colonic adenomas, 30 (88.2%) of 34 colorectal adenocarcinomas, including 17(94.47%) of 18 well-or moderately differentiated tumors and 13(81.2%) of 16 high-grade tumors.
  • The percentage of CDX2 immunopositive cells was generally lower in carcinomas than in adenomas (p<0.001) and lower in moderately or poorly differentiated tumors than in well-differentiated tumors (p<0.001).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenoma / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18581275.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-5848
  • [Journal-full-title] Histology and histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histol. Histopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDX2 Transcription Factor; 0 / CDX2 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins
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86. Bin Park S, Lee JH, Lee YH, Song MJ, Choi HJ: Multilocular cystic lesions in the uterine cervix: broad spectrum of imaging features and pathologic correlation. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2010 Aug;195(2):517-23
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  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the broad spectrum and imaging features of multilocular cystic lesions in the uterine cervix from benign lesions, such as uterine cervicitis, endocervical hyperplasia, nabothian cyst, and tunnel cluster, to malignant lesions including adenocarcinoma and adenoma malignum.

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  • (PMID = 20651212.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Park SH, Kim SY, Lee SS, Bogoni L, Kim AY, Yang SK, Myung SJ, Byeon JS, Ye BD, Ha HK: Sensitivity of CT colonography for nonpolypoid colorectal lesions interpreted by human readers and with computer-aided detection. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2009 Jul;193(1):70-8
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  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A computerized database search for a 33-month period found 21 patients who had undergone both colonoscopy and CTC and who had a total of 23 genuinely nonpolypoid colorectal lesions: eight adenomas (9-30 mm in width), 10 stage Tis or T1 adenocarcinomas (10-25 mm), and five nonadenomatous lesions (8-20 mm).
  • RESULTS: The sensitivities of human readers for nonpolypoid adenomatous lesions (i.e., both adenomas and adenocarcinomas), adenocarcinomas, and nonadenomatous lesions were 66.7% (12/18), 90% (9/10), and 0% (0/5), respectively.
  • A 10-mm stage T1 adenocarcinoma was missed by a human reader on blinded review but was detected with CAD.
  • Both human readers and CAD yielded significantly higher sensitivity for adenomatous lesions than for nonadenomatous lesions (p = 0.014 and 0.046, respectively) and for adenocarcinomas than for noncancerous lesions (p = 0.003 and 0.0001, respectively).
  • CONCLUSION: CTC showed a high sensitivity for nonpolypoid stage Tis and T1 adenocarcinomas 10 mm or greater in width despite the limited overall sensitivity for nonpolypoid adenomatous lesions, when performed using cathartic preparation and fecal tagging.

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  • (PMID = 19542397.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Ishiguro K, Yoshida T, Yagishita H, Numata Y, Okayasu T: Epithelial and stromal genetic instability contributes to genesis of colorectal adenomas. Gut; 2006 May;55(5):695-702
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  • [Title] Epithelial and stromal genetic instability contributes to genesis of colorectal adenomas.
  • BACKGROUND: Previously, we indicated that stromal genetic instability might contribute to tumorigenesis of both sporadic and ulcerative colitis associated colorectal adenocarcinomas.
  • Considering the established adenoma-adenocarcinoma sequence, in this study we analysed genetic instability in colorectal adenoma cells and surrounding stroma.
  • METHODS: In 164 colorectal tumours (34 hyperplastic polyps, 38 tubular adenomas with low grade dysplasia (TA-L), 51 tubular adenomas with high grade dysplasia (TA-H), and 41 invasive carcinomas), epithelial and stromal genetic instability with National Cancer Institute standard microsatellite markers and chromosome 17 (Chr17) markers, were analysed by a combination of laser capture microdissection and GeneScan approaches.
  • RESULTS: While frequencies of both loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and microsatellite instability (MSI) were extremely low in hyperplastic polyps, LOH in tubular adenomas was detected in both epithelial (TA-L 13.2%, TA-H 27.5%) and stromal (5.3% and 5.9%, respectively) elements, along with MSI (5.3% and 13.7%, and 5.3 and 5.9%, respectively).
  • On the other hand, frequencies of stromal LOH or MSI were almost constant (5.3% approximately 17.1%, 5.3% approximately 17.1%, respectively) in adenomas and invasive carcinomas.
  • Thus microenvironmental changes due to genetic alteration in Chr17 markers in stromal cells may play an important role in colon adenoma and adenocarcinoma development.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17. Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Genomic Instability
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adult. Chi-Square Distribution. Disease Progression. Epithelial Cells / metabolism. Female. Gene Frequency. Genes, p53. Genetic Markers. Humans. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Intestinal Mucosa / metabolism. Loss of Heterozygosity. Male. Microsatellite Repeats. Middle Aged. Stromal Cells / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16354798.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-5749
  • [Journal-full-title] Gut
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gut
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Genetic Markers
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1856111
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89. Kang WY, Chen WT, Wu MT, Chai CY: The expression of CD66a and possible roles in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2007 Aug;22(8):869-74
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  • [Title] The expression of CD66a and possible roles in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to analyze the expression and possible role of CD66a in colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma and the relationship between its expression and pre-operation serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) level and tumor stage in patients with colorectal adenocarcinomas.
  • METHODS: Paraffin-embedded sections from 184 patients including 42 colorectal adenomas with low-grade dysplasia, 43 adenomas with high-grade dysplasia, and 99 adenocarcinomas were collected for this study.
  • RESULTS: The expression of CD66a was found not only in the apical membrane of neoplastic glands but also in secretion within the lumen of the neoplastic glands including adenomas and adenocarcinomas.
  • Expressions of secreted CD66a were of higher level in adenocarcinoma than in adenoma with high-grade dysplasia and adenoma with low-grade dysplasia (p < 0.0001).
  • High expression of secreted CD66a was also associated with tumor stage, invasion, and pre-operation serum CEA level of patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / immunology. Adenoma / immunology. Antigens, CD / analysis. Cell Adhesion Molecules / analysis. Colorectal Neoplasms / immunology

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  • (PMID = 17143599.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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90. Kaneko R, Sato Y, An Y, Nakagawa M, Kusayanagi S, Kamisago S, Umeda T, Ogawa M, Munakata K, Mizuno K: Clinico-epidemiologic study of the metabolic syndrome and lifestyle factors associated with the risk of colon adenoma and adenocarcinoma. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2010;11(4):975-83
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  • [Title] Clinico-epidemiologic study of the metabolic syndrome and lifestyle factors associated with the risk of colon adenoma and adenocarcinoma.
  • RESULTS: Low-grade adenoma was more frequent among the elderly and in men.
  • All of the men and 87.5% of the women with high-grade adenoma or adenocarcinoma were aged≥45 and≥50 years, respectively.
  • In women, a larger waist circumference (=80 cm) increased the odds ratio for colon adenoma or adenocarcinoma (colon tumors) by 1.033 (95% confidence index (CI), 1.001-1.066; p=0.040).
  • In addition, smoking, drinking, and excessive physical activity are risk factors for adenoma and adenocarcinoma in men.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adenoma / epidemiology. Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Metabolic Syndrome X / complications

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  • (PMID = 21133610.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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91. Hochwartner O, Loupal G, Wildgoose WH, Schmidt-Posthaus H: Occurrence of spontaneous tumours of the renal proximal tubules in oscars Astronotus ocellatus. Dis Aquat Organ; 2010 Mar 9;89(2):185-9
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  • This report describes the occurrence of renal papillary cystic adenomas and adenocarcinomas in oscars Astronotus ocellatus Cuvier, 1829.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma / veterinary. Cichlids. Fish Diseases / pathology. Kidney Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 20402236.001).
  • [ISSN] 0177-5103
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of aquatic organisms
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Aquat. Org.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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92. Bongers G, Maussang D, Muniz LR, Noriega VM, Fraile-Ramos A, Barker N, Marchesi F, Thirunarayanan N, Vischer HF, Qin L, Mayer L, Harpaz N, Leurs R, Furtado GC, Clevers H, Tortorella D, Smit MJ, Lira SA: The cytomegalovirus-encoded chemokine receptor US28 promotes intestinal neoplasia in transgenic mice. J Clin Invest; 2010 Nov;120(11):3969-78
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  • VS28 mice showed a hyperplastic intestinal epithelium and, strikingly, developed adenomas and adenocarcinomas by 40 weeks of age.

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  • [ISSN] 1558-8238
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of clinical investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / MC/ U122665002; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P01 DK072201; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Fujimori S, Kishida T, Kobayashi T, Sekita Y, Seo T, Nagata K, Tatsuguchi A, Gudis K, Yokoi K, Tanaka N, Yamashita K, Tajiri T, Ohaki Y, Sakamoto C: Helicobacter pylori infection increases the risk of colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma, especially in women. J Gastroenterol; 2005 Sep;40(9):887-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Helicobacter pylori infection increases the risk of colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma, especially in women.
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the association between H. pylori infection and the risk of colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma, and to evaluate any differences on the basis of sex.
  • The odds ratios (ORs) for H. pylori-positive patients with colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma, and for tumor patients with either adenoma or adenocarcinoma were calculated.
  • RESULTS: Among the H. pylori-negative patients, there were 52 patients without tumor, 63 with adenoma, 27 with adenocarcinoma, and 90 with tumor.
  • Pooling all subjects, those infected with H. pylori had a significantly increased OR for adenoma, adenocarcinoma, or tumor, compared to H. pylori-free patients (OR, 1.60, 1.80, and 1.66, respectively).
  • For female H. pylori-positive subjects, the risk of having adenocarcinoma or tumor was significantly higher than that for their H. pylori-free counterparts, while for male H. pylori-positive and -negative subjects, there was no such significant difference.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The results therefore suggest that, in patients aged 40-80 years, H. pylori infection increased the risk of colorectal adenoma and adenocarcinoma, with significantly higher risks for female patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Adenoma / etiology. Colorectal Neoplasms / etiology. Helicobacter Infections / complications

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colorectal Cancer.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Helicobacter Pylori Infections.
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  • (PMID = 16211345.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1174
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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94. Cekanova M, Lee SH, Donnell RL, Sukhthankar M, Eling TE, Fischer SM, Baek SJ: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene-1 expression inhibits urethane-induced pulmonary tumorigenesis in transgenic mice. Cancer Prev Res (Phila); 2009 May;2(5):450-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Urethane-induced pulmonary adenomas and adenocarcinomas were observed in control mice; however, only pulmonary adenomas were observed in NAG-1(Tg+/FVB) mice.