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1. Kurian RR, Prema NS, Belthazar A: Paratesticular papillary serous cystadenocarcinoma--a case report. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2006 Jan;49(1):36-7
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  • They are thought to arise from Mullerian metaplasia of the peritoneal lining of the tunica vaginalis, appendix testis or mullerian remnants between the testis and spermatic cord.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / pathology. Testicular Neoplasms / pathology. Testis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16625973.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-4929
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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2. van Huisseling H, van Hanegem L, van Dijk M: Post-menopausal vaginal bleeding caused by carcinoma of the appendix: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2010;4:127
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  • [Title] Post-menopausal vaginal bleeding caused by carcinoma of the appendix: a case report.
  • The most frequent malignancy found in cases of post-menopausal bleeding is endometrial cancer.
  • To the best of our knowledge, it appears that this is the first published case of a post-menopausal primary appendiceal carcinoma presenting with vaginal blood loss.
  • Microscopic examination of the tissue removed at laparotomy revealed an adenocarcinoma of the appendix.

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  • (PMID = 20433768.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2873455
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3. Hu CC, Chang JJ, Chen TC, Yen CL, Chien RN: Colonoscopic feature of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix:. Intern Med; 2008;47(4):255-7
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  • [Title] Colonoscopic feature of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix:.
  • We herein report a case of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix, a very rare disease that is seldom diagnosed before surgical intervention.
  • This case was first suspected for its unique colonoscopic presentation as a cecal submucosal tumor with an overlying mucin-coat at the appendiceal orifice.
  • The diagnosis was later confirmed after the operation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendix. Cecal Neoplasms / pathology. Colonoscopy

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  • (PMID = 18277025.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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4. Alsaad KO, Serra S, Chetty R: Combined goblet cell carcinoid and mucinous cystadenoma of the vermiform appendix. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Jul 21;15(27):3431-3
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  • [Title] Combined goblet cell carcinoid and mucinous cystadenoma of the vermiform appendix.
  • Goblet cell carcinoid is an uncommon primary tumor of the vermiform appendix, characterized by dual endocrine and glandular differentiation.
  • Whether goblet cell carcinoid represents a morphological variant of appendiceal classical carcinoid or a mucin-producing adenocarcinoma is a matter of conjecture.
  • Rare cases of goblet cell carcinoid with other concomitant appendiceal epithelial neoplasms have been documented.
  • In this report, we describe a rare case of combined appendiceal goblet cell carcinoid and mucinous cystadenoma, and discuss the possible histopathogenesis of this combination.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Appendix / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19610147.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2712907
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5. Soto Delgado M, Pedrero Márquez G, Varo Solís C, Rodríguez-Rubio Cortadellas FO, Sánchez Bernal C, González Moreno D: [Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the urachus and peritoneal pseudomyxoma]. Actas Urol Esp; 2006 Feb;30(2):222-6
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  • [Title] [Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the urachus and peritoneal pseudomyxoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenocarcinoma mucinoso de uraco y pseudomixoma peritoneal.
  • The adenocarcinoma of the urachus is very rare tumor, with an incidence of 1/5.000.000 inhabitants, represents less than 0.001 of all types of bladder cancer.
  • Usually is associated with benign o malignant mucinous tumor of the appendix or ovary.
  • In this paper, we present a case of peritoneal pseudomixoma caused by a mucinous adenocarcinoma of the urachus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / etiology. Urachus

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  • (PMID = 16700214.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-4806
  • [Journal-full-title] Actas urologicas españolas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Actas Urol Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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6. Dupre MP, Jadavji I, Matshes E, Urbanski SJ: Diverticular disease of the vermiform appendix: a diagnostic clue to underlying appendiceal neoplasm. Hum Pathol; 2008 Dec;39(12):1823-6
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  • [Title] Diverticular disease of the vermiform appendix: a diagnostic clue to underlying appendiceal neoplasm.
  • Acquired diverticula of the vermiform appendix are rare and arise as a result of different pathogenetic mechanisms.
  • Although the association of appendiceal diverticulosis and neoplasia is known, it remains underemphasized in the teaching and practice of surgical pathology.
  • To investigate the frequency of appendiceal neoplasms with acquired diverticulosis, we conducted a retrospective analysis of all appendectomy specimens received in our institution for a 55-month period (January 2002-July 2006).
  • Eleven (48%) appendectomy specimens with diverticulosis also harbored an appendiceal neoplasm.
  • The association of appendiceal neoplasms with diverticulosis was statistically significant (P < .0001, 2-sided Fisher exact test).
  • We stress the need for meticulous gross assessment with histologic examination of the entire appendectomy specimen in cases of appendiceal diverticulosis.
  • As acquired diverticula represent a rare finding, examination of the entire appendix in this setting does not create a significant impact on the workload within the pathologic laboratory.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Appendix / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / pathology. Diverticulum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18715614.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-8392
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Logan-Collins JM, Lowy AM, Robinson-Smith TM, Kumar S, Sussman JJ, James LE, Ahmad SA: VEGF expression predicts survival in patients with peritoneal surface metastases from mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix and colon. Ann Surg Oncol; 2008 Mar;15(3):738-44
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  • [Title] VEGF expression predicts survival in patients with peritoneal surface metastases from mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix and colon.
  • BACKGROUND: High levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in ovarian cancer metastases are associated with a worse prognosis in patients treated with chemotherapy.
  • VEGF-directed therapy improves survival for those with metastatic colorectal cancer.
  • We hypothesized that angiogenic indices may be prognostic in patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery for mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix and colon.
  • CD 34 counts (blood vessels) and VEGF expression was evaluated by means of immunohistochemistry on specimens from patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal hyperthermic perfusion (IPHP) for mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • RESULTS: A total of 26 males and 9 females, with a mean age of 50 years, underwent cytoreductive surgery and IPHP for mucinous adenocarcinoma of appendiceal (n = 32) or colonic (n = 3) origin.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that markers of tumor angiogenesis may predict survival in patients with peritoneal surface metastases from mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / therapy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / therapy. Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / metabolism. Peritoneal Neoplasms / therapy. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 18043973.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
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8. El-Ghobashy A, Ohadike C, Wilkinson N, Lane G, Campbell JD: Recurrent urachal mucinous adenocarcinoma presenting as bilateral ovarian tumors on cesarean delivery. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2009 Dec;19(9):1539-41
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  • [Title] Recurrent urachal mucinous adenocarcinoma presenting as bilateral ovarian tumors on cesarean delivery.
  • Secondary ovarian cancers, Krukenberg tumors, are a distinctive subset of metastatic tumors arising from the gastrointestinal tract (stomach, colon, and appendix), the biliary system, the breast, or other genital organs.
  • Primary adenocarcinoma of the bladder accounts for less than 1% of all bladder malignancies; one third of these tumors are urachal in origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdominal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Cesarean Section. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis. Urachus
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Delivery, Obstetric. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Pregnancy


9. Sayles M, Courtney E, Younis F, O'Donovan M, Ibrahim A, Fearnhead NS: Appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma presenting as an enterocutaneous fistula in an incisional hernia. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010
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  • [Title] Appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma presenting as an enterocutaneous fistula in an incisional hernia.
  • Following incision and drainage of the abscess, CT demonstrated an enterocutaneous fistula between the appendix and bone-graft incision with appendicitis assumed to be the original cause of the abscess.
  • At laparoscopy, the appendix was adherent to the hernia sac with mucinous material at the superficial orifice of the fistula site but not in the peritoneal cavity.
  • Histological evaluation confirmed a well-to-moderately differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma arising on a background of dysplastic villous adenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Bone Transplantation. Hernia, Abdominal / diagnosis. Ilium / surgery. Intestinal Fistula / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Tissue and Organ Harvesting
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Abscess / diagnosis. Aged. Appendectomy. Colectomy. Female. Humans. Laparoscopy. Lymph Node Excision. Neoplasm Staging. Reoperation

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  • (PMID = 22789695.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3038038
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10. Fu K, Horimatsu T, Sano Y, Katagiri A, Kaji Y, Fujimori T: Metastasis to the appendix from gastric cancer detected incidentally on colonoscopy. Endoscopy; 2007 Feb;39 Suppl 1:E17
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  • [Title] Metastasis to the appendix from gastric cancer detected incidentally on colonoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Appendiceal Neoplasms / secondary. Colonoscopy. Incidental Findings. Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17285508.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8812
  • [Journal-full-title] Endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endoscopy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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11. Alsaad KO, Serra S, Schmitt A, Perren A, Chetty R: Cytokeratins 7 and 20 immunoexpression profile in goblet cell and classical carcinoids of appendix. Endocr Pathol; 2007;18(1):16-22
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  • [Title] Cytokeratins 7 and 20 immunoexpression profile in goblet cell and classical carcinoids of appendix.
  • Goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) of the vermiform appendix is an uncommon neoplasm and its histogenesis is controversial.
  • Whether GCC represents a morphological variant of classical appendiceal carcinoid or a mucin-producing adenocarcinoma is still conjectural.
  • Little is known about the immunohistochemical expression of cytokeratins 7 (CK7) and 20 (CK20) in appendiceal neuroendocrine tumors.
  • In this study, we compared the expression of CK7 and CK20 in 17 cases of appendiceal GCC and 25 cases of classical carcinoid.
  • The tumors were also evaluated for Ki-67 proliferation index, mitotic activity, tumor necrosis, extracellular pools of mucin, obvious intestinal type adenocarcinomatous foci, angiolymphatic permeation, perineural/neural infiltration, and the depth of invasion of the appendix wall.
  • In addition, GCC shows the same CK7/CK20 immunoexpression as colorectal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / metabolism. Carcinoid Tumor / metabolism. Goblet Cells / metabolism. Keratin-20 / metabolism. Keratin-7 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17652796.001).
  • [ISSN] 1046-3976
  • [Journal-full-title] Endocrine pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Endocr. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7; 0 / Ki-67 Antigen
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12. Chetty R, Serra S: Lipid-rich and clear cell neuroendocrine tumors ("carcinoids") of the appendix: potential confusion with goblet cell carcinoid. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Mar;34(3):401-4
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  • [Title] Lipid-rich and clear cell neuroendocrine tumors ("carcinoids") of the appendix: potential confusion with goblet cell carcinoid.
  • Such variants have not been described in carcinoid tumors of the appendix and cases with a prominent proportion of clear or more correctly, lipid-rich cytoplasm may bear a superficial resemblance to goblet cell carcinoid and/or signet ring adenocarcinoma.
  • The carcinoid tumors were incidental in all cases with 4 of patients presenting with appendicitis, 2 with concomitant mucinous cystadenocarcinomas of the appendix and 1 with an adenocarcinoma of the ascending colon.
  • The importance of recognizing this variant of carcinoid tumor in the appendix is to avoid confusion with goblet cell carcinoid tumors with or without a signet ring adenocarcinoma.
  • The presence of multi-vacuolated, foamy and clear cells, some resembling signet ring or goblet cells, in otherwise classic carcinoid tumors is rare but should be considered in this context in the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Lipids / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cytoplasm / chemistry. Cytoplasm / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Incidental Findings. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Vacuoles / chemistry. Vacuoles / pathology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20139759.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Lipids
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13. Goere D: [Guest comment on the article: appendiceal mucoceles, pseudomyxoma peritonei, and appendiceal mucinous neoplasms. Update on the contribution of imaging to choice of the surgical approach, J.F. Gillion et al]. J Chir (Paris); 2009 Apr;146(2):167
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  • [Title] [Guest comment on the article: appendiceal mucoceles, pseudomyxoma peritonei, and appendiceal mucinous neoplasms. Update on the contribution of imaging to choice of the surgical approach, J.F. Gillion et al].
  • [Transliterated title] Commentaire invité de l'article "Mucocèles appendiculaires, pseudomyxomes péritonéaux et tumeurs mucosécrétantes du carrefour iléocaecal: apport de l'imagerie dans la stratégie thérapeutique et le choix de la voie d'abord laparoscopique ou classique" par J.-F. Gillion et al.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / radiography. Appendiceal Neoplasms / radiography. Appendix / radiography. Mucocele / radiography. Peritoneal Neoplasms / radiography. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / radiography

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  • [CommentOn] J Chir (Paris). 2009 Apr;146(2):150-66 [19552906.001]
  • (PMID = 19540495.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-7697
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chir (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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14. Hemakini, Kaur H, Khadilkar U, Rau AR, Rao HT, Tantry BV: "The inside out appendix"--report of 2 cases. Trop Gastroenterol; 2010 Jan-Mar;31(1):55-6
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  • [Title] "The inside out appendix"--report of 2 cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma / surgery. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Intussusception / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 20860233.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-636X
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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15. Hsu KH, Chou CY, Chang YC: Intraperitoneal hyperthermia in the management of pseudomyxoma peritonei. Hepatogastroenterology; 2007 Jan-Feb;54(73):47-52
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  • RESULTS: The appendix was the origin of pseudomyxoma peritonei in 6 patients, the ovary in 1 patient, and the fallopian tube in another.
  • The pathologic diagnosis was mucinous adenocarcinoma in 4 patients, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in 3, and mucinous cystadenoma in 1.

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  • (PMID = 17419229.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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16. Matsushita M, Ando Y, Omiya M, Uchida K, Nishio A, Okazaki K: Association of "ulcerative appendicitis" and appendiceal adenocarcinoma. Inflamm Bowel Dis; 2009 Sep;15(9):1283
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  • [Title] Association of "ulcerative appendicitis" and appendiceal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Appendiceal Neoplasms / complications. Appendicitis / complications. Colitis, Ulcerative / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Mucocele / etiology

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  • [CommentOn] Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2008 Jun;14(6):873-4 [18275069.001]
  • (PMID = 18951377.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-4844
  • [Journal-full-title] Inflammatory bowel diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Inflamm. Bowel Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Moryl N, Coyle N, Foley KM: Managing an acute pain crisis in a patient with advanced cancer: "this is as much of a crisis as a code". JAMA; 2008 Mar 26;299(12):1457-67
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  • [Title] Managing an acute pain crisis in a patient with advanced cancer: "this is as much of a crisis as a code".
  • Using the case of Mr X, a 33-year-old man with advanced metastatic mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix and "15 out of 10" pain, we explore the issues of acute pain and its management.
  • Our management strategy focuses on making a pain diagnosis, differentiating reversible from intractable causes of pain, and making decisions about further workup; selecting the opioid and monitoring and treating opioid adverse effects; titrating and rotating opioid and coanalgesics; consulting experts to treat a pain crisis as quickly as possible to prevent unnecessary suffering; and co-opting the available institutional resources.

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  • [ErratumIn] JAMA. 2009 Mar 25;301(12):1230. Dosage error in article text
  • [ErratumIn] JAMA. 2008 May 14;299(18):2150. Dosage error in article text
  • (PMID = 18364488.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-3598
  • [Journal-full-title] JAMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JAMA
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Clinical Conference; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adjuvants, Anesthesia; 0 / Analgesics, Opioid; 0 / Anesthetics, Dissociative; 0 / Anti-Anxiety Agents; 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0 / Glucocorticoids; 12794-10-4 / Benzodiazepines; UC6VBE7V1Z / Methadone
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18. Iwuagwu OC, Jameel JK, Drew PJ, Hartley JE, Monson JR: Primary carcinoma of the appendix - Hull series. Dig Surg; 2005;22(3):163-7
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  • [Title] Primary carcinoma of the appendix - Hull series.
  • BACKGROUND: Appendiceal carcinoma (AC) is a rare entity that does not have a well-defined treatment strategy.
  • At presentation, most patients are clinically thought to have appendicitis and the diagnosis is made only by formal histology.
  • Once the diagnosis of AC is made, patients are treated by various strategies including surgery, chemotherapy depending on nodal status of the disease.
  • The histopathology reports of all appendiceal specimens removed were traced.
  • We did not include patients with primary carcinoid tumours or secondary adenocarcinoma.
  • Five patients survived at least 4 years from the time of diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16037676.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-4886
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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19. Pokala N, Delaney CP, Kiran RP, Brady K, Senagore AJ: Outcome of laparoscopic colectomy for polyps not suitable for endoscopic resection. Surg Endosc; 2007 Mar;21(3):400-3
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  • Mean polyp size was 3.1 cm, and pathology revealed tubular (n = 14), tubulovillous (n = 33) and villous adenoma (n = 2), pseudopolyp (n = 1), and prolapse of the appendix into the cecum mimicking an adenoma (n = 1).
  • Adenocarcinoma not identified at colonoscopy was found in 11 polyps (20%), 9 tubulovillous (27.8%) and both villous adenomas (100%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Large colonic polyps unresectable at colonoscopy are associated with a high rate of unsuspected cancer.

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  • (PMID = 17180271.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2218
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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20. Stojanović I, Karamehmedović Z, Elgazwi K, Baća I: Laparoscopic treatment of cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix penetrating in the sigmoid colon. JSLS; 2009 Jul-Sep;13(3):445-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic treatment of cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix penetrating in the sigmoid colon.
  • Adenocarcinoma of the vermiform appendix is a rare neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract that most commonly presents as right lower abdominal pain, mimicking acute appendicitis.
  • An accurate and complete preoperative diagnosis has been rare in the past; however, modern imaging techniques allow recognition of most complications and associated conditions.
  • The diagnosis is confirmed postoperatively.
  • Aggressive surgical management is the treatment of choice in appendicular adenocarcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 19793493.001).
  • [ISSN] 1086-8089
  • [Journal-full-title] JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JSLS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3015953
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21. Ko YH, Jung CK, Oh SN, Kim TH, Won HS, Kang JH, Kim HJ, Kang WK, Oh ST, Hong YS: Primary signet ring cell carcinoma of the appendix: a rare case report and our 18-year experience. World J Gastroenterol; 2008 Oct 7;14(37):5763-8
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  • [Title] Primary signet ring cell carcinoma of the appendix: a rare case report and our 18-year experience.
  • Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix is a rare malignancy that constitutes < 0.5% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms.
  • Moreover, primary signet ring cell carcinoma of the appendix is an exceedingly rare entity.
  • We have encountered 15 cases of primary appendiceal cancer among 3389 patients who underwent appendectomy over the past 18 years.
  • In the present report, we describe a rare case of primary signet ring cell carcinoma of the appendix with ovarian metastases and unresectable peritoneal dissemination occurring in a 67-year-old female patient.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary


22. Vidarsdottir H, Moller PH, Benediktsdottir KR, Geirsson G: Adenocarcinoma of the appendix with a fistula to the urinary bladder. Scand J Urol Nephrol; 2010 Nov;44(5):354-6
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of the appendix with a fistula to the urinary bladder.
  • Adenocarcinoma of the vermiform appendix is a rare disease that constitutes less than 0.5% of all gastrointestinal malignancies.
  • She was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the appendix with a fistula to the urinary bladder.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Appendiceal Neoplasms / complications. Urinary Fistula / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20509819.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-2065
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Urol. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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23. Kunz J, Makek M: [Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix as differential diagnosis of advanced ovarian carcinoma]. Praxis (Bern 1994); 2006 Aug 16;95(33):1217-25
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  • [Title] [Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix as differential diagnosis of advanced ovarian carcinoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Das primäre Adenokarzinom der Appendix als Differentialdiagnose des fortgeschrittenen Ovarialkarzinoms.
  • Malignant tumours of the appendix are rare.
  • Metastatic mucinous adenocarcinomas of the appendix are only reported as case histories.
  • Advanced primary adenocarcinomas of the appendix with ovarian metastases cannot be distinguished intraoperatively from a FIGO III ovarian carcinoma.
  • The pathologist makes the definitive diagnosis.
  • Surgical therapy of the isolated primary appendiceal carcinoma consists of a hemicolectomy--an appendectomy in favourable cases--and, in the case of a metastasised carcinoma, according to the guidelines for an advanced ovarian or colon carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / secondary. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Appendix / pathology. Appendix / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy, Vaginal. Middle Aged. Omentum / pathology. Omentum / surgery. Ovary / pathology. Ovary / surgery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / surgery. Peritoneum / pathology. Peritoneum / surgery. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / pathology. Postoperative Complications / surgery. Reoperation

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  • (PMID = 16939122.001).
  • [ISSN] 1661-8157
  • [Journal-full-title] Praxis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Praxis (Bern 1994)
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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24. Tang LH, Shia J, Soslow RA, Dhall D, Wong WD, O'Reilly E, Qin J, Paty P, Weiser MR, Guillem J, Temple L, Sobin LH, Klimstra DS: Pathologic classification and clinical behavior of the spectrum of goblet cell carcinoid tumors of the appendix. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Oct;32(10):1429-43
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  • [Title] Pathologic classification and clinical behavior of the spectrum of goblet cell carcinoid tumors of the appendix.
  • Appendiceal tumors exhibiting both neuroendocrine and glandular differentiation are uncommon and have caused difficulty in pathologic classification, prediction of prognosis, and clinical management.
  • Previously, such lesions have been variously designated as adenocarcinoid, goblet cell carcinoid (GCC), and mixed adenocarcinoma carcinoid.
  • In this study, we undertook a retrospective investigation of 63 such cases and classified them as typical GCC (group A) and adenocarcinoma ex GCC on the basis of the histologic features of the tumor at the primary site.
  • The adenocarcinoma ex GCC group was further divided into signet ring cell type (group B) and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma type (group C).
  • The clinical characteristics and prognosis were compared within these groups and with conventional de novo appendiceal adenocarcinomas.
  • In conclusion, GCC is a distinctive appendiceal neoplasm that exhibits unique pathologic features and clinical behavior.
  • They display a spectrum of histologic features and possess the potential to transform to an adenocarcinoma phenotype of either signet ring cell or poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma types.
  • Surgical management with right hemicolectomy is recommended after appendectomy for most cases, particularly those with an adenocarcinoma component (groups B and C).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / pathology


25. Pahlavan PS, Kanthan R: The epidemiology and clinical findings of colorectal cancer in Iran. J Gastrointestin Liver Dis; 2006 Mar;15(1):15-9
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  • [Title] The epidemiology and clinical findings of colorectal cancer in Iran.
  • BACKGROUND: This study was performed to evaluate the prevalence, clinical features and management of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) in Iran.
  • The tumors were categorized according to their distribution as appendix (n=4), cecum ( n=7), right colon (n=1), hepatic flexure (n=2), transverse colon (n=19), splenic flexure (n=3), left colon (n=6), sigmoid ( n=16), rectum (n=117), rectosigmoid and rectal lesions (n=16), and colorectal lesions without known locations (n=9).
  • Non-mucinous adenocarcinoma (AC) was the most common histological type (n=181, 90%), followed by mucinous AC (n=15), squamous cell carcinoma (n=1), carcinoid (n=1), melanoma (n=1) and signet ring carcinoma (n=1).
  • We found no significant difference between age, gender and type of cancer with subsite distribution.

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  • (PMID = 16680227.001).
  • [ISSN] 1841-8724
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal and liver diseases : JGLD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gastrointestin Liver Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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26. Khan MN, Moran BJ: Four percent of patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery may have synchronous appendiceal neoplasia. Dis Colon Rectum; 2007 Nov;50(11):1856-9
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  • [Title] Four percent of patients undergoing colorectal cancer surgery may have synchronous appendiceal neoplasia.
  • PURPOSE: An individual with colorectal cancer has a 3 percent risk of synchronous colonic neoplasia and further 2 to 3 percent risk of metachronous cancer, a risk that has prompted colonic surveillance.
  • The appendix has a similar mucosal pattern to the colon and it has been hypothesized that appendicular adenocarcinoma may account for 1 percent of all colorectal malignancies.
  • A special interest of the senior author in appendiceal and rectal cancer has prompted routine removal of the appendix in all cases undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer.
  • METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing left colectomy or anterior resection for colorectal cancer had coincidental appendectomy with the specimen pathologically analyzed.
  • RESULTS: In total, 169 patients under the care of a single surgeon had colorectal cancer resection between April 2002 and April 2005: 63 patients had right hemicolectomy, 29 had left hemicolectomy, and 77 had rectal cancer resection.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients having colorectal cancer resection for adenocarcinoma should have appendicectomy performed.
  • Metachronous neoplasia is a risk in the retained appendix in patients with colorectal cancer.
  • Routine postoperative surveillance cannot assess the appendiceal mucosa, so there is little justification for not taking the opportunity to eliminate the possibility of future appendicitis or neoplasia.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17763906.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Varghese S, Burness M, Xu H, Beresnev T, Pingpank J, Alexander HR: Site-specific gene expression profiles and novel molecular prognostic factors in patients with lower gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma diffusely metastatic to liver or peritoneum. Ann Surg Oncol; 2007 Dec;14(12):3460-71
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  • [Title] Site-specific gene expression profiles and novel molecular prognostic factors in patients with lower gastrointestinal adenocarcinoma diffusely metastatic to liver or peritoneum.
  • BACKGROUND: Generally, colorectal and high-grade appendiceal cancers are treated similarly; treatment approach is primarily based on tumor histology and stage of disease.
  • Patients with adenocarcinoma of the lower gastrointestinal tract frequently experience diffuse metastases isolated to liver or peritoneum and have a poor survival.
  • METHODS: Microarray analyses of 20 metastatic tumors from patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma isolated to liver or peritoneum and eight high-grade appendiceal adenocarcinoma metastatic to peritoneum were performed using oligonucleotide microarray.
  • Subsets of genes significantly associated with poor survival were defined, a RET proto-oncogene interacting gene, GOLGA5, was highly predictive for survival in patients with colorectal adenocarcinoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that liver and peritoneal metastases of lower GI adenocarcinoma have distinct gene expression patterns; these distinctions may help in the development of therapies based on site of metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics. Gene Expression Profiling. Liver Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17899288.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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28. Raja V, Balakrishnan R, Bollinger W, Crabtree D, Downey E, Mohindra M: Double diagnosis in cancer patients and cutaneous reaction related to gemcitabine: CASE 2. Mixed carcinoid-adenocarcinoma of the appendix. J Clin Oncol; 2005 Oct 1;23(28):7223-4
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  • [Title] Double diagnosis in cancer patients and cutaneous reaction related to gemcitabine: CASE 2. Mixed carcinoid-adenocarcinoma of the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16192607.001).
  • [ISSN] 0732-183X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Bucher P, Gervaz P, Ris F, Oulhaci W, Egger JF, Morel P: Surgical treatment of appendiceal adenocarcinoid (goblet cell carcinoid). World J Surg; 2005 Nov;29(11):1436-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgical treatment of appendiceal adenocarcinoid (goblet cell carcinoid).
  • Adenocarcinoid of the appendix is an infrequent tumor with histologic features of both adenocarcinoma and carcinoid tumor.
  • The aim of this study was to analyze long-term results of surgical treatment for appendiceal adenocarcinoid.
  • A retrospective review (1991-2003) identified seven patients (median age 72, range 27-81 years) treated for appendiceal adenocarcinoid.
  • Our results suggest that appendectomy alone could be used for appendiceal adenocarcinoid provided that the tumor (1) is less than 1 cm;.
  • (2) does not extend beyond the appendix adventitia;.
  • The risk for developing colorectal adenocarcinoma seems to be extremely high in patients treated for appendiceal adenocarcinoid and warrants close follow-up with colonoscopic screening.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery

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  • [Cites] Virchows Arch A Pathol Anat Histol. 1980;386(2):201-10 [7368563.001]
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  • (PMID = 16136284.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2313
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Ratanarapee S, Nualyong C: Acute appendicitis as primary symptom of prostatic adenocarcinoma: report of a case. J Med Assoc Thai; 2010 Nov;93(11):1327-31
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  • [Title] Acute appendicitis as primary symptom of prostatic adenocarcinoma: report of a case.
  • The authors reported a 62-year-old Thai man who underwent appendectomy due to classical symptoms and signs of acute appendicitis and was subsequently referred to Siriraj Hospital for proper management after a pathological report of metastatic adenocarcinoma to the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Appendiceal Neoplasms / secondary. Appendicitis / diagnosis. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Appendectomy. Asian Continental Ancestry Group. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis. Orchiectomy. Prostate-Specific Antigen / blood. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21114214.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.4.21.77 / Prostate-Specific Antigen
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31. Tynan JR, Marshall GB, Gray RR: Answer to case of the month #107. Appendiceal mucocele as a presentation of mucinous adenocarcinoma. Can Assoc Radiol J; 2006 Apr;57(2):117-9
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  • [Title] Answer to case of the month #107. Appendiceal mucocele as a presentation of mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications. Appendiceal Neoplasms / complications. Appendix. Cecal Diseases / etiology. Mucocele / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16944685.001).
  • [ISSN] 0846-5371
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian Association of Radiologists journal = Journal l'Association canadienne des radiologistes
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can Assoc Radiol J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
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32. Suzuki O, Ono K, Sekishita Y, Fujimori M, Shiono T, Kondo S: Laparoscopic two-stage surgery for goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix: report of a case and review of the Japanese literature. Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech; 2006 Apr;16(2):106-8
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  • [Title] Laparoscopic two-stage surgery for goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix: report of a case and review of the Japanese literature.
  • Goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix is a rare clinical entity exhibiting features of both carcinoid and adenocarcinoma.
  • A 49-year-old man underwent laparoscopic appendectomy under the diagnosis of acute appendicitis.
  • A pathologic diagnosis of goblet cell carcinoid, accompanied by the aggressive proliferation, with acute appendicitis was made.
  • Subsequent laparoscopic ileocecal resection was performed, and it was verified that there were neither residual tumor nor lymph node metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy / methods. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Colectomy / methods. Laparoscopy / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16773013.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-4515
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical laparoscopy, endoscopy & percutaneous techniques
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Knutsen A, Sielaff TD, Greeno E, Tuttle TM: Staged laparoscopic infusion of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy after cytoreductive surgery. J Gastrointest Surg; 2006 Jul-Aug;10(7):1038-43
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  • Primary malignancies included adenocarcinoma of the ileum (one patient), adenocarcinoma of the appendix (three patients), and adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder (one patient).
  • Quality of life was measured with the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colon Subscale (FACT-C).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Hyperthermia, Induced / methods. Infusions, Parenteral / methods. Peritoneal Neoplasms / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16843875.001).
  • [ISSN] 1091-255X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Mistry R, Ananthakrishnan K, Hamid BN, Powell C, Foster GE: Appendiceal carcinoma masquerading as recurrent urinary tract infections: case report and review of literature. Urology; 2006 Aug;68(2):428.e1-3
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  • [Title] Appendiceal carcinoma masquerading as recurrent urinary tract infections: case report and review of literature.
  • The investigations revealed an adenocarcinoma of the appendix fistulating into the bladder and causing irritative symptoms.
  • This unusual situation reminds us that the finding of bladder adenocarcinoma is rare, and it would be prudent to examine the lower gastrointestinal tract thoroughly to look for a bowel source, before recommending any ablative surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Urinary Tract Infections / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Recurrence

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  • (PMID = 16904475.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-9995
  • [Journal-full-title] Urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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35. Savchenko IuP, Polovinkin VV, Fedosov SR, Pryn' PS: [Combination of giant mucocele of the appendix and adenocarcinoma of the rectum]. Khirurgiia (Mosk); 2006;(10):57-9
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  • [Title] [Combination of giant mucocele of the appendix and adenocarcinoma of the rectum].
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Appendiceal Neoplasms / complications. Mucocele / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Appendectomy. Biopsy. Colectomy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Severity of Illness Index. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 17167911.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-1207
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Mosk)
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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36. Farah-Klibi F, Kourda-Boujemaa J, Bouaskar I, Dziri C, Rachida Z, Jilani-Baltagi SB: Cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix: an incidental perioperatory finding in a patient with adenocarcinoma of the ascending and sigmoid colon: case report and review of literature. Pathologica; 2009 Dec;101(6):255-60
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  • [Title] Cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix: an incidental perioperatory finding in a patient with adenocarcinoma of the ascending and sigmoid colon: case report and review of literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Primary adenocarcinomas of the appendix are uncommon, constituting 1% of all colorectal malignancies.
  • Appendiceal malignancies often present atypically, thus creating diagnostic challenges.
  • Although there are many pathology reports of primary cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix, only a limited number of cases have appeared in the radiological or surgical literature.
  • We present a unique case of primary cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix occurring concurrently with adenocarcinoma of the colon, and overview the clinical and therapeutic difficulties posed by this rare entity.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: A mucocele of the appendix, due to mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, was documented as an incidental perioperatory finding in a 68-year-old female.
  • Degenerated adenomatous polyp of the ascending colon and mucinous adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon invading the parietal peritoneum of the uterine and vagina was diagnosed.
  • At laparoscopy, a cystic appendiceal lesion was found, without perforation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative diagnosis of an underlying malignancy in a mucocele is important for patient management, but is difficult to reach by imaging studies alone.
  • Synchronous colon cancer may occur in patients with appendiceal mucoceles.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20387715.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-2983
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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37. Gungor T, Altinkaya O, Ozat M, Sirvan L, Yalcin H, Mollamahmutoglu L: Primary adenocarcinoid tumor of the ovary arising in mature cystic teratoma. A case report. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2009;30(1):110-2
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  • Examination of the resected lymphatic, omental and appendiceal tissue indicated no tumoral invasion.
  • Thus, the diagnosis was primary ovarian carcinoid arising from a mature cystic teratoma.
  • This case, in the setting of a normal appendix and negative workup for an extraovarian origin, is one of a primary ovarian adenocarcinoid tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Teratoma / pathology


38. Wang GL, Wang MY, Wei WB: [Clinical features and treatment of choroidal metastasis]. Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Mar;45(3):229-33
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  • Primary tumours were found in 40 cases (81.6%) (surgical excision in 25 cases), consisting of breast carcinoma in 16 cases (32.7%), lung carcinoma in 14 cases (28.6%), hepatoma and cholangiocarcinoma in 3 cases, colon and stomach carcinomas in 3 cases, gynecologic appendix carcinoma (including 1 case of ovarian mucous cyst adenocarcinoma) in 2 cases, nasopharyngeal adenocarcinoma in 1 case, vertebra tumor in 1 case, undetected in 5 cases (10.2%) and under detection in 4 cases (8.2%).
  • The most common primary cancer is breast carcinoma, followed by lung carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 19575917.001).
  • [ISSN] 0412-4081
  • [Journal-full-title] [Zhonghua yan ke za zhi] Chinese journal of ophthalmology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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39. Velusamy A, Saw S, Gossage J, Bailey S, Schofield J: Combined adenocarcinoid and mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2009;3:28
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  • [Title] Combined adenocarcinoid and mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: Adenocarcinoid of the appendix is a rare malignant tumour with features of both adenocarcinoma and carcinoid, showing both epithelial and endocrine differentiation.
  • Mucinous cystadenoma is the commonest of the benign neoplasms of the appendix, with an incidence of 0.6% in appendicectomy specimens.
  • Laparoscopy revealed an adenocarcinoid of the appendix in combination with mucinous cystadenoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Adenocarcinoids account for 2% of primary appendiceal malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 19171048.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2647933
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40. Petrou A, Papalambros A, Katsoulas N, Bramis K, Evangelou K, Felekouras E: Primary appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma alongside with situs inversus totalis: a unique clinical case. World J Surg Oncol; 2010;8:49
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma alongside with situs inversus totalis: a unique clinical case.
  • INTRODUCTION: Mucinous adenocarcinoma is a rare neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract and one of the three major histological subtypes of the primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma.
  • The most common type of presentation is that of acute appendicitis and the diagnosis is usually occurred after appendectomy.
  • The accurate preoperative diagnosis and management of the above condition represents a real challenge when uncommon anatomic anomalies such intestinal malrotation and situs inversus take place.
  • Both preoperative US and CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis declared situs inversus, with a characteristic thickening in its wall, appendix situated in the left lower quadrant of the abdomen.
  • These findings reached to the diagnosis of acute appendicitis with situs inversus and a standard appendicectomy was performed.
  • Pathologic evaluation established primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix and three months afterwards the patient underwent a subsequent extended left hemicolectomy.
  • CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the occurrence of primary appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma along with situs inversus, definitely accounts as a unique clinical case.
  • Even synchronous manifestation of primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix and situs inversus totalis represents an unusual anatomo-pathological entity, all physicians should be familiar having the knowledge to make an appropriate and accurate diagnosis that will lead to prompt and correct treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications. Appendiceal Neoplasms / complications. Situs Inversus / complications

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  • (PMID = 20525349.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2894825
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41. Terada T: Non-invasive Adenocarcinoma of the Vermiform Appendix: Incidence and Report of Four Cases among 512 Appendectomies. Gastroenterology Res; 2009 Aug;2(4):238-241
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  • [Title] Non-invasive Adenocarcinoma of the Vermiform Appendix: Incidence and Report of Four Cases among 512 Appendectomies.
  • : Tumors of the vermiform appendix are relatively rare.
  • More than 50% of appendiceal tumors are carcinoid tumors.
  • The author reviewed 512 consecutive pathological specimens of appendectomies in last ten years in our pathology laboratory in search for appendiceal tumors.
  • As the results, 4 cases (incidence: 0.8%) of non-invasive adenocarcinoma were found.
  • The age of the 4 patients with adenocarcinoma was 48, 39, 84 and 86 years, respectively.
  • Pathologically, all the 4 tumors were non-invasive adenocarcinomas: 2 cases were flat type adenocarcinoma, 1 case was papillary adenocarcinoma, and 1 case was mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • The results suggest that incidence of appendiceal adenocarcinoma was 0.8% of all appendectomies, and that non-invasive adenocarcinoma of the appendix shows variable morphologies, and that postoperative clinical outcome of non-invasive appendiceal tumor is good.

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  • (PMID = 27942282.001).
  • [ISSN] 1918-2805
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterology Res
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenocarcinoma / Appendix / Histopathology / Non-invasive carcinoma / appendicitis
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42. Wejman J, Bielecki K, Ostrowska J, Baczuk L, Perkowska-Ptasińska A, Tarnowski W: Pathological analysis of lesions within intestines resected due to ulcerative colitis. Pol J Pathol; 2006;57(2):113-6
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  • There were 3 cases, in which histological assessment revealed the presence of malignancy (2 cases of mucus producing adenocarcinoma and one case of carcinoma in situ situated in the anal canal).
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / pathology. Colitis, Ulcerative / pathology. Colon / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17019974.001).
  • [ISSN] 1233-9687
  • [Journal-full-title] Polish journal of pathology : official journal of the Polish Society of Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pol J Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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43. Uharcek P, Mlyncek M, Durcanský D: Appendiceal adenocarcinoma presenting with bilateral Krukenberg tumors. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2007 Apr;33(2):211-4
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  • [Title] Appendiceal adenocarcinoma presenting with bilateral Krukenberg tumors.
  • Primary appendiceal malignancy metastatic to the ovaries is a condition that may mimic advanced stage ovarian cancer.
  • A 52-year-old woman referred to our institution for presumed advanced stage of ovarian cancer was found to have primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma metastatic to ovaries at laparotomy.
  • It is important for the gynecologist-oncologist to include tumors of the appendix into the differential diagnosis of any case of ovarian tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Krukenberg Tumor / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 17441899.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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44. Trivedi AN, Levine EA, Mishra G: Adenocarcinoma of the appendix is rarely detected by colonoscopy. J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Apr;13(4):668-75
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of the appendix is rarely detected by colonoscopy.
  • INTRODUCTION: Appendiceal tumors represent a subset of colonic neoplasms that frequently defy early diagnosis only to present at advanced stage with peritoneal metastasis.
  • The aim of this study is to determine the diagnostic yield of colonoscopy in detecting appendiceal lesions in patients with appendiceal adenocarcinoma and pseudomyxoma peritonei.
  • METHODS: We reviewed clinicopathologic data on 121 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed appendiceal adenocarcinoma with pseudomyxoma peritonei presenting to our institution for intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy (IPHC) and cytoreductive surgery between February, 1993 and August, 2007, focusing on the colonoscopy findings.
  • Abnormal findings included seven patients with appendiceal lesions (11%), 12 patients with cecal abnormalities (19%), and 28 patients with polyps (44%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Appendiceal abnormalities are infrequently seen on colonoscopy and rarely yield a diagnostic biopsy in patients with appendiceal carcinoma.
  • We found that nearly 42% of patients with carcinoma of the appendix have synchronous colonic polyps, a much higher prevalence than would be expected, supporting a role for a perioperative colonoscopy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19089515.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Manigrasso A, Candioli S, Pironi D, La Torre V, Panarese A, Romani AM, Arcieri S, Tarroni D, Palazzini G, Filippini A: [Adenocarcinoma of the appendix. A case report and review of the literature]. G Chir; 2007 Mar;28(3):73-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Adenocarcinoma of the appendix. A case report and review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] L'adenocarcinoma dell'appendice ileo-ciecale: presentazione di un caso clinico e revisione della letteratura.
  • Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix is a rare malignancy that constitutes less than 0.5% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms.
  • Usually the diagnosis is made only after histological examination of surgically removed inflamed appendix.
  • Alternatively represent an unexpected finding, confirmed by frozen section, during surgery performed for acute appendicitis or other non appendiceal pathologies.
  • Natural history is strongly influenced by anatomic peculiarities of the appendix that predispose to early spread and perforation.
  • The correct management is the right hemicolectomy as a primary procedure in the case of preoperatively or intraoperatively diagnosis or as secondary procedure, after two-three weeks from appendectomy, when the microscopic examination of specimen reveals the presence of adenocarcinoma.
  • The Authors report a case of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix occurred in a 78 year-old female patient, diagnosed incidentally during surgery performed for ileus from suspected cecal neoplasm.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell

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  • (PMID = 17419903.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-9005
  • [Journal-full-title] Il Giornale di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] G Chir
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 36
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46. Young RH: From krukenberg to today: the ever present problems posed by metastatic tumors in the ovary: part I. Historical perspective, general principles, mucinous tumors including the krukenberg tumor. Adv Anat Pathol; 2006 Sep;13(5):205-27
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  • Scully that ovarian mucinous tumors in patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei usually originate from the appendix is correct.
  • The final portion of the essay reviews mucinous tumors of non-Krukenberg type, beginning with those that originate from the appendix.
  • The appendiceal neoplasms have distinctive features in most cases being particularly well differentiated, and this is also seen in their ovarian metastases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / secondary. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. History, 20th Century. Humans. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Periodicals as Topic / history

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  • (PMID = 16998315.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-4109
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Historical Article; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 70
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47. National Toxicology Program: Multigenerational reproductive study of genistein (Cas No. 446-72-0) in Sprague-Dawley rats (feed study). Natl Toxicol Program Tech Rep Ser; 2008 Mar;(539):1-266
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  • These results have been reported elsewhere (Appendix P) and are not presented in detail in this report.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / chemically induced. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma / chemically induced. Adenoma / pathology. Animals. Female. Male. Mammary Neoplasms, Animal / chemically induced. Mammary Neoplasms, Animal / pathology. Pituitary Neoplasms / chemically induced. Pituitary Neoplasms / pathology. Pregnancy. Rats. Rats, Sprague-Dawley. Recovery of Function. Withholding Treatment

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  • (PMID = 18685713.001).
  • [ISSN] 0888-8051
  • [Journal-full-title] National Toxicology Program technical report series
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Natl Toxicol Program Tech Rep Ser
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Technical Report
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinogens; 0 / Phytoestrogens; DH2M523P0H / Genistein
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48. Bodin R, Peycru T, Schwartz A, Jarry J, Pommier N, Durand-Dastes F: Tubulovillous adenoma of the appendix: a case report and review of the literature. Gastroenterol Clin Biol; 2010 Nov;34(11):633-5
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  • [Title] Tubulovillous adenoma of the appendix: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Treatment is most often limited to appendectomy, but in the event of incomplete excision or associated adenocarcinoma, right hemicolectomy may be required.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Villous / surgery. Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20739133.001).
  • [ISSN] 0399-8320
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroentérologie clinique et biologique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol. Clin. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
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49. Mizuta Y, Akazawa Y, Shiozawa K, Ohara H, Ohba K, Ohnita K, Isomoto H, Takeshima F, Omagari K, Tanaka K, Yasutake T, Nakagoe T, Shirono K, Kohno S: Pseudomyxoma peritonei accompanied by intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas. Pancreatology; 2005;5(4-5):470-4
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  • No primary tumour, including mucinous neoplasm of the appendix, was found.
  • Histopathological examination of the omentum showed mucinous adenocarcinoma in pools of mucoid material, consistent with PMP.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Carcinoma, Pancreatic Ductal / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / pathology. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Ascites / pathology. Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives. Etoposide / administration & dosage. Humans. Hyperthermia, Induced. Infusions, Parenteral. Male. Middle Aged. Mitomycin / administration & dosage. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel and IAP.
  • (PMID = 15983445.001).
  • [ISSN] 1424-3903
  • [Journal-full-title] Pancreatology : official journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pancreatology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; B76N6SBZ8R / gemcitabine; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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50. Okada N, Ishibashi K, Nakada H, Miyazaki T, Sobajima J, Gonda T, Ishida H: [Five cases of pseudomyxoma peritonei underwent abdominal lavage and administering CDDP]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 Nov;34(12):1955-7
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  • These primary lesions contained one case of pancreas and four cases of appendix.
  • Histological types contained one case of well differentiated adenocarcinoma and four cases of signet ring cell carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 18219863.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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51. Vang R, Gown AM, Wu LS, Barry TS, Wheeler DT, Yemelyanova A, Seidman JD, Ronnett BM: Immunohistochemical expression of CDX2 in primary ovarian mucinous tumors and metastatic mucinous carcinomas involving the ovary: comparison with CK20 and correlation with coordinate expression of CK7. Mod Pathol; 2006 Nov;19(11):1421-8
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  • Immunohistochemical studies were performed to compare expression of CDX2 and cytokeratin 20, both markers of intestinal differentiation, in conjunction with coordinate expression of cytokeratin 7, in 90 mucinous tumors involving the ovary: 42 primary ovarian mucinous tumors (31 atypical proliferative (borderline) mucinous tumors (gastrointestinal type), 11 mucinous carcinomas) and 48 metastatic mucinous carcinomas of upper (pancreaticobiliary tract: 14; stomach: five) and lower (colon and rectum: 25; appendix: four) gastrointestinal tract origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / chemistry. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Gastrointestinal Neoplasms / chemistry. Homeodomain Proteins / analysis. Keratin-7 / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratin-20 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16980943.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDX2 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / KRT20 protein, human; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7
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52. Ahmed K, Hoque R, El-Tawil S, Khan MS, George ML: Adenocarcinoma of the appendix presenting as bilateral ureteric obstruction. World J Surg Oncol; 2008;6:23
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of the appendix presenting as bilateral ureteric obstruction.
  • BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma of the vermiform appendix is a rare neoplasm of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • These presentations reflect various stages of a locally expanding tumour causing luminal obstruction of appendix.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of appendicular adenocarcinoma found unexpectedly in a 43 year old male who presented with urinary symptoms.
  • Histopathology revealed well differentiated adenocarcinoma with signet ring morphology with multiple lymph node involvement.
  • Every attempt should be made to make a precise diagnosis through all the available means to direct the treatment along correct lines.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / complications. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ureteral Obstruction / etiology

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  • (PMID = 18291037.001).
  • [ISSN] 1477-7819
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
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53. Avenel P, McKendrick A, Silapaswan S, Kolachalam R, Kestenberg W, Ferguson L, Jacobs MJ, Goriel Y, Mittal V: Gastrointestinal carcinoids: an increasing incidence of rectal distribution. Am Surg; 2010 Jul;76(7):759-63
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  • Other sites of carcinoid tumors were the appendix (8.3%), colon (8.3%), and duodenum (3.8%).
  • CT was not helpful in preoperative diagnosis of carcinoid tumor.
  • Screening colonoscopy, in addition to decreasing colorectal adenocarcinoma mortality, is useful in diagnosing carcinoid tumors at an earlier stage and in decreasing mortality from malignant colorectal carcinoid tumors.

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  • (PMID = 20698387.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Lansdale N, Dagash H, Cohen M, Walker J: An ovarian tumour with a potential appendiceal origin. Pediatr Surg Int; 2008 Feb;24(2):245-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An ovarian tumour with a potential appendiceal origin.
  • The appendix was histologically normal.
  • It is known to occur simultaneously with tumours of the appendix.
  • Paediatric surgeons need to be aware of this rare tumour and when operating on any ovarian pathology should always inspect the peritoneal cavity for mucinous deposits and examine the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Ovarian Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Appendectomy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Laparoscopy

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  • (PMID = 17401568.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric surgery international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Surg. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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55. Innis M, Sandiford N, Shenoy RK, Prussia PR, Zbar A: Carcinoma of the jejunum with multideposit peritoneal seeding, resection and intraperitoneal chemotherapy. West Indian Med J; 2005 Sep;54(4):242-6
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  • Jejunal adenocarcinoma is rare, often presenting late with widespread intraperitoneal disease.
  • Intraperitoneal chemotherapy (IPC) has been shown in non-randomized studies to improve the survival of patients presenting with intraperitoneal metastases from carcinoma of the colon, appendix and stomach and in primary peritoneal malignancies including mesothelioma and pseudomyxoma peritonei, providing that adequate operative cytoreduction can be performed.
  • A case is presented of obstructive jejunal adenocarcinoma in which 19 intraperitoneal deposits were excised.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols. Jejunal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Jejunal Neoplasms / surgery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Peritoneal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16312191.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-3144
  • [Journal-full-title] The West Indian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] West Indian Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Jamaica
  • [Chemical-registry-number] Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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56. Vang R, Gown AM, Farinola M, Barry TS, Wheeler DT, Yemelyanova A, Seidman JD, Judson K, Ronnett BM: p16 expression in primary ovarian mucinous and endometrioid tumors and metastatic adenocarcinomas in the ovary: utility for identification of metastatic HPV-related endocervical adenocarcinomas. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 May;31(5):653-63
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  • Immunohistochemical expression of p16 was assessed in 195 tumors, including 98 primary ovarian tumors (51 mucinous, 47 endometrioid, and 4 mixed mucinous-endometrioid tumors), 93 metastatic adenocarcinomas of known primary sites (colorectum: 34, endocervix: 19, pancreaticobiliary tract: 17, appendix: 7, stomach: 5), 11 metastatic adenocarcinomas of unknown origin (7 established as noncervical), and 4 adenocarcinomas of uncertain (primary ovarian vs. metastatic) origin.
  • Diffuse (>75% positive tumor cells) moderate to strong p16 expression is a sensitive (100%) and specific (97%) marker for identifying HPV-related endocervical adenocarcinomas metastatic to the ovary among the primary ovarian tumors and metastatic adenocarcinomas from other sites that are in the differential diagnosis of ovarian tumors having mucinous and/or endometrioid/endometrioidlike differentiation. p16 is useful as part of a panel of immunohistochemical markers for distinguishing primary ovarian tumors from metastases and, when diffusely positive, can suggest the cervix as a potential primary site for metastatic adenocarcinomas of unknown origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / metabolism. Ovarian Neoplasms / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. DNA, Viral / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. In Situ Hybridization. Papillomaviridae / genetics. Papillomavirus Infections. Polymerase Chain Reaction


57. Hristov AC, Young RH, Vang R, Yemelyanova AV, Seidman JD, Ronnett BM: Ovarian metastases of appendiceal tumors with goblet cell carcinoidlike and signet ring cell patterns: a report of 30 cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Oct;31(10):1502-11
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  • [Title] Ovarian metastases of appendiceal tumors with goblet cell carcinoidlike and signet ring cell patterns: a report of 30 cases.
  • Synchronous and metachronous ovarian and appendiceal mucinous tumors are often the subject of diagnostic consultations in gynecologic pathology practices to address whether the tumors are independent neoplasms or related as primary and metastasis.
  • The ovarian and appendiceal tumors exhibited a variety of patterns of differentiation, including signet ring cell and glandular, with all displaying some goblet cell carcinoidlike patterns (nests, islands, cords, or cryptlike tubules with goblet cells); teratomatous elements were not identified in any ovarian tumors.
  • Chromogranin was expressed in 6 of 16 appendiceal tumors (mean/median: 11.9%/0%; range: 0% to 70%) and synaptophysin was expressed in 6 of 15 of these (mean/median: 16.7%/0%; range: 0% to 90%).
  • The clinicopathologic features of these ovarian tumors indicate they should be labeled as metastatic appendiceal adenocarcinomas rather than as goblet cell carcinoid tumors both to reflect their behavior and help distinguish them from the rare true primary ovarian goblet cell carcinoid tumors.
  • In cases in which the primary tumor is not already evident, their "goblet cell carcinoidlike" patterns should direct attention to the appendix as a possible source.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / secondary. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 17895750.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Chromogranins; 0 / Synaptophysin
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58. Rezkalla MA, Peterson KG, Ryan JJ: Pseudomyxoma peritonei: a case of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix presenting as inguinal hernia. S D Med; 2006 Feb;59(2):54-5, 57
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  • [Title] Pseudomyxoma peritonei: a case of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix presenting as inguinal hernia.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Hernia, Inguinal / diagnosis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16519367.001).
  • [ISSN] 0038-3317
  • [Journal-full-title] South Dakota medicine : the journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] S D Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Bruin SC, Verwaal VJ, Vincent A, van't Veer LJ, van Velthuysen ML: A clinicopathologic analysis of peritoneal metastases of colorectal and appendiceal origin. Ann Surg Oncol; 2010 Sep;17(9):2330-40
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  • [Title] A clinicopathologic analysis of peritoneal metastases of colorectal and appendiceal origin.
  • OBJECTIVE: To predict clinical outcome by classification of peritoneal metastases (PM) of colorectal or appendiceal origin.
  • BACKGROUND: This study investigates whether standardized histological classification can predict outcome for PM of colorectal or appendiceal origin treated with cytoreduction and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC).
  • Of PM originating from an appendix tumor, 29% were of non-DPAM type.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / secondary. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 20232161.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Feltmate CM, Lee KR, Johnson M, Schorge JO, Wong KK, Hao K, Welch WR, Bell DA, Berkowitz RS, Mok SC: Whole-genome allelotyping identified distinct loss-of-heterozygosity patterns in mucinous ovarian and appendiceal carcinomas. Clin Cancer Res; 2005 Nov 1;11(21):7651-7
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  • [Title] Whole-genome allelotyping identified distinct loss-of-heterozygosity patterns in mucinous ovarian and appendiceal carcinomas.
  • PURPOSE: Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the ovary is one of the common histologic types of ovarian cancer.
  • In addition, the differential diagnosis of metastatic mucinous carcinomas to the ovaries, particularly those originating from the appendix, remains challenging.
  • The purpose of this study is to identify molecular biomarkers for mucinous ovarian adenocarcinoma and compare them with those of appendiceal origin.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Genome-wide loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH) analysis was done on DNA isolated from 28 microdissected primary mucinous ovarian carcinomas and five appendiceal adenocarcinomas.
  • Markers from high-loss regions were selected for further analysis on a total of 32 ovarian and 14 appendiceal cancers.
  • The frequency of allelic loss was similar between high-grade and low-grade mucinous ovarian carcinoma cases but was significantly higher in ovarian versus appendiceal cases.
  • In addition, LOH rates on five chromosomal loci were statistically different between ovarian and appendiceal carcinomas.
  • Despite histologic similarities between mucinous ovarian carcinomas and metastatic appendiceal carcinomas, they have distinct LOH profiles, which may be used for distinguishing the two diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Appendiceal Neoplasms / genetics. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma / genetics. Genome. Genotype. Heterozygote. Loss of Heterozygosity. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16278384.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50CA165009; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR33CA103595
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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61. Stamatakos M, Stefanaki Ch, Tsaknaki S, Safioleas P, Iannescu R, Safioleas M: Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix: an update. Chirurgia (Bucur); 2009 Jul-Aug;104(4):389-92
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  • [Title] Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix: an update.
  • Adenocarcinoid arising in the vermiform appendix is a rarity.
  • The diagnosis of appendiceal adenocarcinoma has never been made preoperatively and is frequently an incidental finding at the time of operation for unrelated conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma. Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis. Carcinoid Tumor / epidemiology. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Humans. Incidental Findings. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19886044.001).
  • [ISSN] 1221-9118
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia (Bucharest, Romania : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurgia (Bucur)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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62. O'Donnell ME, Badger SA, Beattie GC, Carson J, Garstin WI: Malignant neoplasms of the appendix. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2007 Oct;22(10):1239-48
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  • [Title] Malignant neoplasms of the appendix.
  • BACKGROUND: Appendiceal neoplasms, first described in 1882, are still rare, with pre-operative diagnosis invariably difficult.
  • A literature search of the PubMed database was then performed using the medical search headings; appendix, tumour, neoplasm and malignancy.
  • Other appendiceal pathologies were identified after appendicectomies, hemicolectomy and oophorectomy.
  • Patients with classical carcinoid tumours (CCT) had better outcomes than patients with the goblet cell carcinoid, adenocarcinoma and lymphoma.
  • CONCLUSIONS: From our own experience and a subsequent review of the literature, we recommend right hemicolectomy as the treatment of choice for all malignant appendiceal neoplasms, except for small CCT less than 2 cm in diameter at the tip of the appendix, with a low proliferative index, without angiolymphatic or mesoappendiceal extension.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17447078.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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63. Rohani P, Scotti SD, Shen P, Stewart JH, Russell GB, Cromer M, Levine EA: Use of FDG-PET imaging for patients with disseminated cancer of the appendix. Am Surg; 2010 Dec;76(12):1338-44
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  • [Title] Use of FDG-PET imaging for patients with disseminated cancer of the appendix.
  • The goal of this study is to evaluate the use of positron emission tomography (PET) in evaluation of patients with peritoneal dissemination of carcinoma of appendiceal origin (PDA).
  • We do not recommend the use of FDG-PET for patients with PDA from cancer of the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / radionuclide imaging. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / radionuclide imaging. Positron-Emission Tomography. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / radionuclide imaging

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  • (PMID = 21265346.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA131482
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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64. Glehen O, Gilly FN, Boutitie F, Bereder JM, Quenet F, Sideris L, Mansvelt B, Lorimier G, Msika S, Elias D, French Surgical Association: Toward curative treatment of peritoneal carcinomatosis from nonovarian origin by cytoreductive surgery combined with perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy: a multi-institutional study of 1,290 patients. Cancer; 2010 Dec 15;116(24):5608-18
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  • The principal origins of PC were colorectal adenocarcinoma (N = 523), pseudomyxoma peritonei (N = 301), gastric adenocarcinoma (N = 159), peritoneal mesothelioma (N = 88), and appendiceal adenocarcinoma (N = 50).
  • The overall median survival was 34 months; and the median survival was 30 months for patients with colorectal PC, not reached for patients with pseudomyxoma peritonei, 9 months for patients with gastric PC, 41 months for patients with peritoneal mesothelioma, and 77 months for patients with PC from appendiceal adenocarcinoma.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 American Cancer Society.
  • (PMID = 20737573.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Investigator] Karine A; Olivier T; Catherine A; Patrick R; Philippe G; Gwenael F; Pierre M; Cecile B; Frederic M; Jacques TJ; Marc P; Rasmy L; Vincent T; Emily L; Sylvaine D; Kurt Vd
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65. Benedix F, Reimer A, Gastinger I, Mroczkowski P, Lippert H, Kube R, Study Group Colon/Rectum Carcinoma Primary Tumor: Primary appendiceal carcinoma--epidemiology, surgery and survival: results of a German multi-center study. Eur J Surg Oncol; 2010 Aug;36(8):763-71
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  • [Title] Primary appendiceal carcinoma--epidemiology, surgery and survival: results of a German multi-center study.
  • BACKGROUND: While carcinoma of the colon is a common malignancy, primary carcinoma of the appendix is rare.
  • Many retrospective reviews outlined experience from different centers on appendiceal neoplasms.
  • The aim of this study was to analyze the type of surgery and survival of patients with appendiceal malignancies using data from a German multi-center observational study (31 341 patients).
  • METHODS: During a five-year period, 196 consecutive patients with malignant appendiceal tumors were distributed into four groups: appendiceal carcinoids, adenocarcinoma, mucinous adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinoma.
  • RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma had the highest incidence (50.5%).
  • Metastatic spread at presentation was highest for adenosquamous and mucinous adenocarcinoma and each had a distinct pattern.
  • Among all appendiceal neoplasms, adenosquamous carcinoma is the rarest histological subtype which is most commonly associated with advanced tumor stage and worst prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Colectomy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Adult. Aged. Appendicitis / diagnosis. Carcinoid Tumor / epidemiology. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery. Carcinoma, Adenosquamous / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Adenosquamous / surgery. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Germany. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Unnecessary Procedures / statistics & numerical data

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20561765.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2157
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of surgical oncology : the journal of the European Society of Surgical Oncology and the British Association of Surgical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
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66. Feo CF, Porcu A, Scanu AM, Ginesu GC, Fancellu A, Lorettu A, Dettori G: Primary appendiceal tumors: report on 10 cases. Int Surg; 2009 Jul-Sep;94(3):224-7
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  • [Title] Primary appendiceal tumors: report on 10 cases.
  • We report our experience on 10 patients with primary tumors of the appendix treated at our institution from 1998 to 2005.
  • Two of the four patients with benign tumors died from causes unrelated to the appendiceal neoplasm.
  • Despite the rarity of appendiceal primary tumors, surgeons should be aware of these neoplasms for making correct treatment decisions.
  • We stress the importance of laparoscopic exploration in the management of appendiceal masses.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoid Tumor / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20187516.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-8868
  • [Journal-full-title] International surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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67. Wakahara T, Yamamoto S, Fujita S, Akasu T, Onouchi S, Moriya Y: A case of advanced rectal adenocarcinoid tumor with long-term survival. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2010 Jul;40(7):690-3
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  • Adenocarcinoid tumor most commonly occurs in the appendix and a tumor arising in the rectum is extremely rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20338947.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3621
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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68. Matsui H, Igarashi N, Okamura A, Itano O, Koyama Y, Miyakita M: Laparoscopy-assisted resection of an appendiceal mucinous cystadenoma. Tokai J Exp Clin Med; 2007 Dec;32(4):140-3
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  • [Title] Laparoscopy-assisted resection of an appendiceal mucinous cystadenoma.
  • We present a 48-year-old man with a complaint of dull right-lower abdominal pain who was diagnosed with mucocele of the appendix.
  • In the procedure, the entire right colon was freed from the retroperitoneal structures without rupturing the tumor; and ileocecal resection and anastomosis were performed extracorporeally.
  • The pathological diagnosis of the tumor was mucinous cystadenoma of the appendix, measuring 9.0 cm × 8.0 cm × 4.0 cm.
  • When resecting an appendiceal mucinous tumor laparoscopically, it is essential (1) to keep the tumor intact during manipulation, and to use a wound-protecting device when delivering the lesion;.
  • (2) to consider the extent of tumor resection with a negative surgical margin as well as prophylactic lymph node dissection in cases of suspected adenocarcinoma, even though the oncological adequacy of the laparoscopic procedure for carcinoma remains to be elucidated; and (3) to check whether any mucinous fluid has accumulated in the abdominal cavity, which represents an indication for open surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Cystadenoma, Mucinous / surgery. Laparoscopy / methods

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  • (PMID = 21318954.001).
  • [ISSN] 2185-2243
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tokai journal of experimental and clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tokai J. Exp. Clin. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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69. Skrovina M, Czudek S, Bartos J, Ferák I, Adamcík L, Bezunková E, Vanko R: [The Peutz-Jeghers syndrome--a case review]. Rozhl Chir; 2007 Jan;86(1):24-6
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  • METHODS: The patient who presented with insignificant family history with a diagnosed stenosing tumor of his appendix and histological findings of highly suspected adenocarcinoma, was indicated for surgical revision and right-sided hemicolectomy.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnostic Errors. Hamartoma / diagnosis. Intestinal Polyps / diagnosis. Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 17416075.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Rozhledy v chirurgii : měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rozhl Chir
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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70. Yemelyanova AV, Vang R, Judson K, Wu LS, Ronnett BM: Distinction of primary and metastatic mucinous tumors involving the ovary: analysis of size and laterality data by primary site with reevaluation of an algorithm for tumor classification. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Jan;32(1):128-38
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  • Distinction of primary ovarian mucinous tumors from metastatic/secondary mucinous tumors involving the ovaries is often challenging, not only at the time of intraoperative assessment when requested for surgical management (staging decisions) but also for final pathologic diagnosis.
  • To assess the general utility of this algorithm for distinction of primary and secondary mucinous tumors in the ovary and address the occurrence of exceptions (large unilateral metastases), analysis of tumor size and laterality data was performed using 194 tumors (52 primary tumors and 142 metastases), with metastases subclassified by primary site [colorectum (46), appendix (28 low-grade tumors, 20 carcinomas), pancreaticobiliary tract (20), small intestine (3), stomach (5), and endocervix (20)].
  • The original algorithm correctly classified 84% of tumors overall, including 100% of primary ovarian tumors and 77% of all metastases (colorectal: 74%; appendiceal: 79% of low-grade tumors, 100% of carcinomas; pancreaticobiliary: 95%; small intestinal: 33%; gastric: 80%; endocervical: 55%).
  • Performance was optimized at 13 cm, with correct classification of 87% of tumors overall, including 98% of primary tumors and 82% of metastases (colorectal: 80%; appendiceal: 79% of low-grade tumors, 100% of carcinomas; pancreaticobiliary: 100%; small intestinal: 33%; gastric: 100%; endocervical: 70%).
  • Recognition that metastatic colorectal carcinomas represent the most common metastases and have a greater tendency to violate the algorithm should prompt lowering of the threshold for suggesting the possibility of metastatic colorectal carcinoma for tumors displaying any microscopic features suggestive of that diagnosis, even when a history of primary colorectal carcinoma is lacking.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / classification. Algorithms. Neoplasm Metastasis / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / classification

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  • (PMID = 18162780.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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71. Katsuno G, Kagawa S, Kokudo Y, Muraoka A, Tatemoto A, Sone Y, Tsumura M, Tsuruno M, Mizobuchi K: Ureteral metastasis from appendiceal cancer: report of a case. Surg Today; 2005;35(2):168-71
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  • [Title] Ureteral metastasis from appendiceal cancer: report of a case.
  • We report a case of primary appendiceal cancer that metastasized to the ureter.
  • After a detailed examination she was diagnosed to have cancer of the appendix, multiple liver metastases, and left hydronephrosis.
  • Since an obstruction of the ileocecum was obvious, she underwent an ileocecal resection and a resection of the spindle-shaped tumor invading the left ureter.
  • The spindle-shaped tumor was considered to be due to invasion of the appendiceal cancer to the left ureter.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Ureteral Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 15674503.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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72. Leanza S, Bekheit M, Coco D, Bellia A, Ferrara F, Sarvà S, Pappalardo A, Piazza L: Carcinoma of the appendix and its natural history in relation to surgical management. A case report. Chir Ital; 2009 Sep-Dec;61(5-6):597-600
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Carcinoma of the appendix and its natural history in relation to surgical management. A case report.
  • There are several classifications of appendicular epithelial cancer with a wide variety of nomenclature.
  • Epithelial tumours of the appendix have been classified into four distinct types: carcinoids, mucinous adenocarcinoma (often called mucinous cystadenocarcinoma or malignant mucocele), colonic-type adenocarcinoma, and adenocarcinoids with a dual cell origin.
  • The histopathological analysis showed the presence of a well differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma, infiltrating the full thickness of the appendix wall.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20380264.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4773
  • [Journal-full-title] Chirurgia italiana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chir Ital
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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73. Ahmad J, Andrabi SI, Thekkinkattil DK, Rathore MA: Adenocarcinoid tumour of the appendix masquerading as acute appendicitis: a word of caution. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg; 2008 Apr;14(2):167-9
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoid tumour of the appendix masquerading as acute appendicitis: a word of caution.
  • Adenocarcinoids are rare and aggressive tumors with histological features of both carcinoid tumor and adenocarcinoma.
  • We report a case of a 32-year-old man with diffuse infiltration of the appendix wall and mesoappendix by an adenocarcinoid.
  • We suggest that patients with diffuse appendiceal involvement require an aggressive surgical therapy and follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Appendicitis / diagnosis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18523911.001).
  • [ISSN] 1306-696X
  • [Journal-full-title] Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi = Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery : TJTES
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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74. Graziani R, Brandalise A, Bellotti M, Manfredi R, Contro A, Falconi M, Boninsegna L, Pozzi Mucelli R: Imaging of neuroendocrine gastroenteropancreatic tumours. Radiol Med; 2010 Oct;115(7):1047-64
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  • Radiological detection of carcinoid tumours is limited by typical tumour location throughout the gastrointestinal tract or appendix and is therefore dependent on the tumour being large enough to make it recognisable in that site.
  • Rather, its role is to characterise the tumour and, in particular, to differentiate pancreatic NFET from ductal adenocarcinoma, as in comparison, malignant NFETs have a more favourable prognosis (5-year survival rate 40% compared with 3%-5% for adenocarcinoma) and therefore require different treatment approaches.
  • [MeSH-major] Intestinal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neuroendocrine Tumors / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnostic imaging. Stomach Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20221711.001).
  • [ISSN] 1826-6983
  • [Journal-full-title] La Radiologia medica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiol Med
  • [Language] eng; ita
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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75. Maheshwari V, Tsung A, Lin Y, Zeh HJ 3rd, Finkelstein SD, Bartlett DL: Analysis of loss of heterozygosity for tumor-suppressor genes can accurately classify and predict the clinical behavior of mucinous tumors arising from the appendix. Ann Surg Oncol; 2006 Dec;13(12):1610-6
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  • [Title] Analysis of loss of heterozygosity for tumor-suppressor genes can accurately classify and predict the clinical behavior of mucinous tumors arising from the appendix.
  • METHODS: Tissue specimens from 23 mucinous appendiceal tumors were analyzed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Appendiceal Neoplasms / genetics. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Loss of Heterozygosity / genetics. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17009159.001).
  • [ISSN] 1068-9265
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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76. Vaira M, Scuderi S, Costamagna D, Caponi A, Caponi C, Ciaccio B, Fiorentini G, Bolieraki A, Camassa M, Parma E, Scarcello E, Taddei P, Zappelli I, De Simone M: [Cytoreduction and intraoperative peritoneal chemohyperthermia in carcinomatosis from colonic carcinoma and in peritoneal pseudomyxoma]. Suppl Tumori; 2005 May-Jun;4(3):S116
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In this study we consider the carcinomatosis from colorectal and appendiceal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma / secondary. Carcinoma / therapy. Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion. Colonic Neoplasms / pathology. Hyperthermia, Induced. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / therapy. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16437941.001).
  • [ISSN] 2283-5423
  • [Journal-full-title] I supplementi di Tumori : official journal of Società italiana di cancerologia ... [et al.]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Suppl Tumori
  • [Language] ita
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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77. Akbulut S, Ulku A, Senol A, Tas M, Yagmur Y: Left-sided appendicitis: review of 95 published cases and a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Nov 28;16(44):5598-602
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  • The diagnosis was established preoperatively in 49 patients, intraoperatively in 19, and during the postoperative period in five; 14 patients were aware of having this anomaly.
  • Histopathological examination of the appendix specimens revealed adenocarcinoma in only two of 95 patients.
  • CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of left lower quadrant pain is based on well-established clinical symptoms, physical examination and physician's experience.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / complications. Appendix / abnormalities. Situs Inversus / complications

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  • (PMID = 21105193.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2992678
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78. Pai RK, Beck AH, Norton JA, Longacre TA: Appendiceal mucinous neoplasms: clinicopathologic study of 116 cases with analysis of factors predicting recurrence. Am J Surg Pathol; 2009 Oct;33(10):1425-39
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Appendiceal mucinous neoplasms: clinicopathologic study of 116 cases with analysis of factors predicting recurrence.
  • The classification and nomenclature of appendiceal mucinous neoplasms are controversial.
  • To determine the outcome for patients with appendiceal mucinous neoplasms and further evaluate whether they can be stratified into groups that provide prognostic information, the clinicopathologic features of 116 patients (66 with clinical follow-up) with appendiceal mucinous neoplasms were studied.
  • From a wide variety of histopathologic features assessed, the important predictors that emerged on univariate statistical analysis were presence of extra-appendiceal neoplastic epithelium (P=0.01), high-grade cytology (P<0.0001), architectural complexity (P<0.001), and invasion (P<0.001).
  • All 16 patients with mucinous neoplasms confined to the appendix and lacking high-grade cytology, architectural complexity, and invasion were alive with no recurrences at median 59 months follow-up (=mucinous adenoma).
  • Twenty-seven patients with low-grade mucinous neoplasms with extra-appendiceal neoplastic epithelium had 1-year, 3-year, 5-year, and 10-year overall survival rates of 96%, 91%, 79%, and 46%, respectively, at median 53 months follow-up (=low-grade mucinous neoplasm with high risk of recurrence).
  • Three of the 4 patients with extra-appendiceal epithelium limited to the right lower quadrant developed full-blown peritoneal disease at 6, 41, and 99 months follow-up and 1 patient eventually died of disease.
  • Nine patients with appendiceal neoplasms with invasion or high-grade cytology and follow-up showed 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year overall survival rates of 86%, 57%, and 28% (=mucinous adenocarcinoma).
  • At 10 years, all patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma were either dead or lost to follow-up.
  • Appendiceal mucinous neoplasms can be stratified into 4 distinct risk groups on the basis of a careful histopathologic assessment of cytoarchitectural features and extent of disease at presentation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19641451.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NLM NIH HHS / LM / T15 LM007033
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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79. Ko YH, Park SH, Jung CK, Won HS, Hong SH, Park JC, Roh SY, Woo IS, Kang JH, Hong YS, Byun JH: Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors for primary appendiceal carcinoma. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol; 2010 Mar;6(1):19-27
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors for primary appendiceal carcinoma.
  • AIM: Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix is a rare malignancy.
  • This study assessed prognostic factors affecting the clinical outcome in patients with appendiceal neoplasms.
  • Of the 34 patients who underwent curative resections of primary appendiceal carcinomas, the 3- and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 66.4% and 53.3%, respectively.
  • CONCLUSION: High tumor grade and advanced stage were significantly predictive of poor survival outcome in patients with primary appendiceal carcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20398034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-7563
  • [Journal-full-title] Asia-Pacific journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asia Pac J Clin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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80. Misdraji J: Appendiceal mucinous neoplasms: controversial issues. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 Jun;134(6):864-70
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  • [Title] Appendiceal mucinous neoplasms: controversial issues.
  • Low grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms can spread to the peritoneum as pseudomyxoma peritonei even though they are not obviously invasive in the appendix.
  • During the past several decades, several problematic issues surrounding this enigmatic tumor have been debated in the literature, including appropriate nomenclature for the appendiceal tumors and their peritoneal metastases.
  • In this article, the most contentious issues in the area of appendiceal mucinous tumors are examined.
  • First, the classification systems that have been proposed for these tumors are compared in the context of whether the appendiceal mucinous tumors are ruptured adenomas or invasive carcinomas.
  • Next reviewed is the largely resolved controversy about whether ovarian mucinous tumors in this setting are separate primaries or are metastases from the appendiceal tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20524864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 36
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81. Subramanya D, Grivas PD, Styler M: Appendiceal carcinoma: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Postgrad Med; 2008 Nov;120(4):95-100
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  • [Title] Appendiceal carcinoma: a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge.
  • Appendiceal carcinoma is a very rare clinical entity, constituting 1% of all colorectal malignancies and 1% of all appendectomy specimens.
  • Appendiceal malignancies often present atypically, thus creating diagnostic challenges.
  • We present a patient with mucinous carcinoma of the appendix who presented with hematuria and abdominal pain.
  • Similar case reports are extremely rare in the literature, while typical presentations of appendiceal carcinoma include abdominal pain, abdominal mass, early satiety, nausea, and iron-deficiency anemia.
  • Initially, the diagnostic investigation in our patient was focused on urinary tract disorders, but ultimately resulted in finding a mucinous appendiceal carcinoma.
  • An integrative approach is required in the diagnostic investigation and management of appendiceal malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19020371.001).
  • [ISSN] 1941-9260
  • [Journal-full-title] Postgraduate medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Postgrad Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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82. Miyakura Y, Iwai H, Togashi K, Horie H, Nagai H, Kishaba Y, Sato K, Azuma H: Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix invading the ascending colon with fistula formation: report of a case. Surg Today; 2007;37(9):806-10
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  • [Title] Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix invading the ascending colon with fistula formation: report of a case.
  • Based on colonoscopy findings, we made a preoperative diagnosis of primary mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix with features of a submucosal tumor (SMT) in the ascending colon.
  • Examination of colonoscopic biopsy specimens indicated "very" well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with mucus lakes.
  • The adjacent appendix had an enhanced wall and unclear border against the ascending colon.
  • Histopathological examination revealed mucinous cystadenocarcinoma of the appendix, invading the ascending colon with fistula formation.
  • Appendiceal tumors can manifest with a variety of colonoscopic features, and curative surgical resection should be attempted even if there is fistula formation.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendix / pathology. Colon / pathology. Colonic Diseases / etiology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications. Intestinal Fistula / etiology. Mucins

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  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
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83. Semino-Mora C, Liu H, McAvoy T, Nieroda C, Studeman K, Sardi A, Dubois A: Pseudomyxoma peritonei: is disease progression related to microbial agents? A study of bacteria, MUC2 AND MUC5AC expression in disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis and peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis. Ann Surg Oncol; 2008 May;15(5):1414-23
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is characterized by peritoneal tumors arising from a perforated appendiceal adenoma or adenocarcinoma, but associated entry of enteric bacteria in the peritoneum has not been considered as a cofactor.
  • METHODS: In situ hybridization was performed on resection specimens from five control subjects with noninflamed, nonperforated, non-neoplastic appendix and 16 patients with PMP [six with disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis (DPAM) and 10 with peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis (PMCA)].

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  • (PMID = 18299935.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082312-08; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082312; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA82312; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA082312-08
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA Probes; 0 / MUC2 protein, human; 0 / MUC5AC protein, human; 0 / Mucin 5AC; 0 / Mucin-2; 0 / Mucins; 0 / RNA Probes
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS72052; NLM/ PMC2570966
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84. Tran TA, Holloway RW, Finkler NJ: Metastatic appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma to well-differentiated diffuse mesothelioma of the peritoneal cavity: a mimicker of florid mesothelial hyperplasia in association with neoplasms. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2008 Oct;27(4):526-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Metastatic appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma to well-differentiated diffuse mesothelioma of the peritoneal cavity: a mimicker of florid mesothelial hyperplasia in association with neoplasms.
  • The subsequent operation, however, demonstrated a mucinous neoplasm of the appendix with involvement of the peritoneal cavity in the form of peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis as well as metastases to the uterine serosa and adnexal surfaces.
  • Microscopic analysis revealed an appendiceal adenocarcinoma with signet-ring-cell features that has metastasized to a diffuse well-differentiated mesothelioma of the peritoneal cavity.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a metastatic appendiceal mucinous adenocarcinoma to a well-differentiated diffuse mesothelioma of the peritoneal cavity.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Mesothelioma / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Histocytochemistry. Humans

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  • (PMID = 18753969.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Stewart JH 4th, Shen P, Russell GB, Bradley RF, Hundley JC, Loggie BL, Geisinger KR, Levine EA: Appendiceal neoplasms with peritoneal dissemination: outcomes after cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy. Ann Surg Oncol; 2006 May;13(5):624-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Appendiceal neoplasms with peritoneal dissemination: outcomes after cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy.
  • BACKGROUND: Appendiceal neoplasms frequently present with peritoneal dissemination (PD) and have a clinical course marked by bowel obstruction and subsequent death.
  • Few data have correlated outcome with appendiceal histology after cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy (IPHC).
  • We have reviewed our experience with cytoreductive surgery and IPHC for PD from the appendix.
  • METHODS: A total of 110 cases of PD from proven appendiceal neoplasms treated with IPHC were identified from a prospectively managed database.
  • RESULTS: A total of 116 IPHCs were performed on 110 patients for appendiceal PD between 1993 and 2004.
  • Age at presentation (P = .0134), performance status (P < .0001), time between diagnosis and IPHC (P = .0011), resection status (P = .0044), and length of hyperthermic chemoperfusion (P = .0193) were independently associated with survival.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The data show that long-term survival is anticipated in most patients who are treated with cytoreduction and IPHC for appendiceal PD.
  • In all, this work establishes a framework for the consideration of IPHC in future trials for appendiceal PD.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Peritoneal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Ann Surg Oncol. 2006 May;13(5):597-9 [16538404.001]
  • (PMID = 16538401.001).
  • [ISSN] 1068-9265
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA131482
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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86. Chetty R, Klimstra DS, Henson DE, Albores-Saavedra J: Combined classical carcinoid and goblet cell carcinoid tumor: a new morphologic variant of carcinoid tumor of the appendix. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Aug;34(8):1163-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Combined classical carcinoid and goblet cell carcinoid tumor: a new morphologic variant of carcinoid tumor of the appendix.
  • Carcinoid tumors are the most common neoplasms of the appendix.
  • In this report, we describe 5 cases of combined classical carcinoid and goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) tumors of the appendix.
  • The tumors (0.6 to 6.0 cm) were located in the mid-portion and the tip of the appendix.
  • All 5 appendiceal tumors had microscopic features of both classical carcinoid and GCC, either intimately admixed or separate but closely apposed.
  • The pelvic soft tissue and ovarian metastases in case 4 consisted predominantly of a signet ring cell carcinoma with a minor component of goblet cells and was interpreted as an adenocarcinoma ex-GCC.
  • In view of the fact that these combined carcinoid tumors appear to behave more as goblet cell carcinoids, detailed microscopic examination of classical carcinoid tumors of the appendix is suggested and larger series with longer follow-up is required to ascertain the true biologic potential of this unique form of combined carcinoid tumor of the appendix.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Goblet Cells / pathology. Mixed Tumor, Malignant / pathology

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Surg Pathol. 2011 Aug;35(8):1248-50 [21753706.001]
  • (PMID = 20631606.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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87. Saad-Hossne R, Prado RG, Bakonyi Neto A, Marchezan MA: Peritoneal pseudomyxoma associated with synchronic malignant mucinous neoplasias of the cecum, appendix and rectum. Case report and review of the literature. Acta Cir Bras; 2007 Sep-Oct;22(5):407-11
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  • [Title] Peritoneal pseudomyxoma associated with synchronic malignant mucinous neoplasias of the cecum, appendix and rectum. Case report and review of the literature.
  • We report a peritoneal pseudomyxoma associated with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix synchronic with adenocarcinoma of the rectum in a 44 year old patient, where the initial diagnosis was rectal adenocarcinoma.
  • Tumour of the appendix and peritoneal pseudomyxoma were incidental and found intraoperatively.
  • We focus the histological patterns of the lesions, diagnosis and the treatment, with revision of the literature.

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  • (PMID = 17923963.001).
  • [ISSN] 0102-8650
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cirurgica brasileira
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cir Bras
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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88. Goere D, Elias D: [Appendiceal tumors found at appendectomy]. J Chir (Paris); 2009 Oct;146 Spec No 1:36-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Appendiceal tumors found at appendectomy].
  • [Transliterated title] Diagnostic de tumeur appendiculaire lors d'une appendicectomie.
  • There are three main histologic types of appendiceal tumor: adenoma, adenocarcinoma, and neuroendocrine tumor.
  • Neuroendocrine tumors (carcinoids) are by far the most common and account for two-third of all appendiceal tumors.
  • For unruptured appendiceal tumor, the appendix should be removed by a carcinologic right hemicolectomy if the tumor appears aggressive.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / surgery. Humans. Neuroendocrine Tumors / diagnosis. Neuroendocrine Tumors / surgery. Peritoneal Neoplasms / prevention & control. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / prevention & control. Rupture / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 19846099.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-7697
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chir (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 7
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89. Rojo Sebastián A, Fernández Morejón FJ, Bretcha Boix P, Farré Alegre J, Forteza Vila J, Brugarolas Masllorens A: Controversial origin of Pseudomyxoma peritonei. Clin Transl Oncol; 2006 Oct;8(10):767-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The main diagnostic problem appears when the primary site of origin could be appendix or ovary.
  • In this paper describe clinicopathological features and biological markers that support appendiceal origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peritoneal Neoplasms / etiology. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Appendix / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Ovary / pathology. Peritoneum / pathology. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 17074679.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Transl Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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90. Yan TD, Brun EA, Sugarbaker PH: Discordant histology of primary appendiceal adenocarcinoid neoplasms with peritoneal dissemination. Ann Surg Oncol; 2008 May;15(5):1440-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Discordant histology of primary appendiceal adenocarcinoid neoplasms with peritoneal dissemination.
  • BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoid is a rare appendiceal tumor that shows histologically both epithelial and neuroendocrine components.
  • We observed that some patients have peritoneal dissemination, which shows adenocarcinoma but lacks the neuroendocrine histology.
  • METHODS: Twenty-six patients with peritoneal dissemination from primary appendiceal adenocarcinoid tumors underwent cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy.
  • RESULTS: In nine of the 26 patients (35%) with a primary adenocarcinoid of the appendix, a loss of the neuroendocrine immunochemical marker was noted in peritoneal implants.
  • Discordant histology between the primary appendiceal adenocarcinoid and the peritoneal implants was statistically significantly associated with an improved survival (p = 0.0262), when patients were treated by cytoreductive surgery and perioperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Discordant histology of the primary appendiceal tumor as compared to the peritoneal lesions occurs frequently in patients with adenocarcinoid.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18299936.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. McQuellon RP, Danhauer SC, Russell GB, Shen P, Fenstermaker J, Stewart JH, Levine EA: Monitoring health outcomes following cytoreductive surgery plus intraperitoneal hyperthermic chemotherapy for peritoneal carcinomatosis. Ann Surg Oncol; 2007 Mar;14(3):1105-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The questionnaire consisted of basic demographic items as well as the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colon Scale (FACT-C), SF-36 Medical Outcomes Study Health Survey, Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D), Brief Pain Inventory-Short Form, and ECOG Performance Status Rating.
  • PC originated in primary lesions of the appendix (n = 36); colon/rectum (n = 24); mesothelium (n = 9); ovary (n = 5); stomach (n = 4); and miscellaneous (n = 18).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Chemotherapy, Cancer, Regional Perfusion. Hyperthermia, Induced. Peritoneal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17206478.001).
  • [ISSN] 1068-9265
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA131482
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin
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92. Woei Chung L, Liao YM, Hsieh CY, Lin CY: Oxaliplatin-induced long QT syndrome in a patient with appendiceal adenocarcinoma. Acta Oncol; 2009;48(1):156-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oxaliplatin-induced long QT syndrome in a patient with appendiceal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Appendiceal Neoplasms / drug therapy. Long QT Syndrome / chemically induced. Organoplatinum Compounds / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 18618340.001).
  • [ISSN] 1651-226X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta oncologica (Stockholm, Sweden)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Norway
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; 04ZR38536J / oxaliplatin; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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93. Vang R, Gown AM, Barry TS, Wheeler DT, Ronnett BM: Immunohistochemistry for estrogen and progesterone receptors in the distinction of primary and metastatic mucinous tumors in the ovary: an analysis of 124 cases. Mod Pathol; 2006 Jan;19(1):97-105
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  • Immunohistochemical studies were performed on 124 mucinous tumors, including 52 primary ovarian tumors (30 atypical proliferative (borderline) mucinous tumors of gastrointestinal type, 11 atypical proliferative (borderline) mucinous tumors of seromucinous (endocervical-like) type, and 11 invasive mucinous carcinomas of usual (gastrointestinal) type) and 72 metastatic mucinous carcinomas in the ovary (primary sites: colorectum (24), pancreas (13), endocervix (eight), stomach (four), gallbladder/bile duct (four), appendix (four), and unknown (15)).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Appendiceal Neoplasms / metabolism. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gallbladder Neoplasms / metabolism. Gallbladder Neoplasms / pathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / metabolism. Neoplasms, Unknown Primary / pathology. Ovary / chemistry. Ovary / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / metabolism. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Stomach Neoplasms / metabolism. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16294196.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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94. Zedníková I, Kuntscher V, Schmiedhuber P, Daum O: [Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix--case report]. Rozhl Chir; 2010 Nov;89(11):682-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix--case report].
  • [Transliterated title] Mucinózni adenokarcinom apendixu--kazuistika.
  • The authors are describing a case of a patient with the diagnosis of the appendicular cancer.
  • The 66-year-old patient underwent appendectomy because of signs of acute appendicitis, and than in the next step right-sided hemicolectomy because of histological finding of the mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix.
  • Mucinous adenocarcinoma is the most common type of appendicular cancer, none the less this diagnosis is very rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Appendiceal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21409802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-9351
  • [Journal-full-title] Rozhledy v chirurgii : měsíčník Československé chirurgické společnosti
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rozhl Chir
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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95. Chen TH, Lin CJ, Wu RC, Ho YP, Hsu CM, Lin WP, Tseng YP, Chen CH, Chiu CT: The application of miniprobe ultrasonography in the diagnosis of colorectal subepithelial lesions. Chang Gung Med J; 2010 Jul-Aug;33(4):380-8
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  • [Title] The application of miniprobe ultrasonography in the diagnosis of colorectal subepithelial lesions.
  • BACKGROUND: Difficulty with the proximal lesion approach and durability of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) instruments usually limits its application for lower gaotrointestina (GI) lesions to locoregional staging of rectal cancer.
  • This study investigated the value of colonoscopic miniprobe ultrasonography for differential diagnosis and treatment strategy in patients with colorectal subepithelial lesions (SEL).
  • The final diagnosis of these lesions was confirmed by cross section imaging, histopathologic findings, or clinical follow-up.
  • Five patients had suspected rectal myogenic stromal tumors on EUS; three were transferred for surgical resection due to uterine myoma compression (N = 2) or mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix with rectal metastasis (N = 1), and two had uterine myoma detected by gynecologic ultrasound or CT.
  • One appendiceal stone with orifice obstruction mimicking cecal submucosal tumor was proved by surgical resection.

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  • (PMID = 20804667.001).
  • [ISSN] 2309-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] Chang Gung medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chang Gung Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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96. Marudanayagam R, Williams GT, Rees BI: Review of the pathological results of 2660 appendicectomy specimens. J Gastroenterol; 2006 Aug;41(8):745-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The appendix can also be the site of a variety of neoplasms and unusual inflammatory conditions.
  • Other pathologies include carcinoid (0.52%), adenocarcinoma (0.39%), and mucinous cystadenoma (0.60%).
  • [MeSH-major] Appendectomy. Appendicitis / diagnosis. Appendicitis / epidemiology. Appendix / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16988762.001).
  • [ISSN] 0944-1174
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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97. Wang HL, Dhall D: Goblet or signet ring cells: that is the question. Adv Anat Pathol; 2009 Jul;16(4):247-54
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Goblet cell carcinoid tumor is a rare mixed endocrine-exocrine neoplasm of the appendix.
  • It carries an intermediate biologic behavior between a classic carcinoid tumor and a conventional adenocarcinoma.
  • A recent retrospective study of a large number of appendiceal goblet cell carcinoids has shown that these tumors can be stratified into 3 subgroups based on careful histologic analysis: typical goblet cell carcinoid (group A); adenocarcinoma ex goblet cell carcinoid, signet ring cell type (group B); and adenocarcinoma ex goblet cell carcinoid, poorly differentiated carcinoma type (group C).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / pathology. Carcinoma, Signet Ring Cell / pathology. Goblet Cells / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19546612.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4031
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 11
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98. Umemoto M, Shiota M, Shimaoka M, Hoshiai H: Definitive diagnosis of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix by laparoscopic appendectomy. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2007 Aug;33(4):590-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Definitive diagnosis of primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix by laparoscopic appendectomy.
  • We report a 62-year-old woman with a primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix mimicking ovarian tumor.
  • However, the present case suggests that, in some cases, if cancer of the appendix can be diagnosed early, laparotomy can be avoided and the cancer treated with minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery alone.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17688638.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-8076
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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99. Kinkor Z, Michal M: [Syndrome of pseudomyxoma peritonei--description of three cases and survey of the problem]. Ceska Gynekol; 2005 Jan;70(1):67-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • First and more frequent, so-called disseminated peritoneal adenomucinosis, where primary low grade (benign) mucinous appendiceal tumor is almost constant finding, often recurs but displays favorable prognosis.
  • Second, so-called peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis is an extraordinary manifestation of peritoneal carcinosis following generalization of the gastrointestinal mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • A normal macroscopic finding on appendix or "uneventful" appendectomy in anamnesis is not unusual.

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  • (PMID = 15779299.001).
  • [ISSN] 1210-7832
  • [Journal-full-title] Ceska gynekologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ceska Gynekol
  • [Language] CZE
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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100. Xiao SY: Mucinous Neoplasms of the Vermiform Appendix. Surg Pathol Clin; 2010 Jun;3(2):395-409
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mucinous Neoplasms of the Vermiform Appendix.
  • Most epithelial neoplasms of the vermiform appendix are of mucinous type and can be stratified into 3 main diagnostic categories:.
  • (1) adenoma, (2) mucinous neoplasms of uncertain malignant potential or low-grade mucinous neoplasm, and (3) adenocarcinoma.
  • Clinically, appendiceal mucinous adenomas and adenocarcinomas may present as right lower abdominal pain mimicking acute appendicitis, a mass, or pseudomyxoma peritonei.
  • Nomenclature currently in use to describe and diagnose mucinous tumors of the appendix, particularly those of low morphologic grade, varies among surgical pathologists and centers, resulting in different histologic and clinical features being attributed to these entities in the literature.
  • It may be of help, as already attempted by some investigators, to simply apply algorithmic parameters for such lesions (grade of the primary lesion, extensiveness and composite of extra-appendiceal involvement, and so forth), instead of adopting rigid classification categories.
  • This approach allows for more objective data to be collected in hopes that it will provide a more nuanced understanding of the clinical behavior of the spectrum of mucinous appendiceal tumors.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 26839137.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-9181
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgical pathology clinics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg Pathol Clin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Appendiceal adenomas / Mucinous neoplasms / Vermiform appendix
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