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6. Devon KM, Brown CJ, Burnstein M, McLeod RS: Cancer of the anus complicating perianal Crohn's disease. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Feb;52(2):211-6
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  • [Title] Cancer of the anus complicating perianal Crohn's disease.
  • METHODS: Charts of patients who had documented perianal Crohn's disease and a pathologic diagnosis of anal carcinoma were reviewed.
  • RESULTS: There were 14 patients (6 men; mean age, 49 years) who had evidence of perianal Crohn's disease (mean, 6.9 (range, 1-20) years) before their cancer diagnosis.
  • The diagnosis often was delayed despite increasing pain, multiple biopsies, and imaging studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / complications. Crohn Disease / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adult. Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Diseases / complications. Anus Diseases / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / complications. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19279414.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Lee WS, Chun HK, Lee WY, Yun SH, Yun H, Cho YB, Kang WK, Park YS, Huh SJ, Ahn YC, Park W: Anal canal carcinoma: experience from a single Korean institution. Yonsei Med J; 2007 Oct 31;48(5):827-32
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  • [Title] Anal canal carcinoma: experience from a single Korean institution.
  • PURPOSE: The clinical features, treatment modality approaches in clinical practice, and prognostic factors for anal canal carcinoma patients were retrospectively analyzed.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between October 1994 and December 2005, 50 patients with anal canal cancer were treated at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
  • The overall and DFS could not be determined for the adenocarcinoma group due to the small number of cases (n=8).
  • Furthermore, univariate analysis also showed that, inguinal node status influenced patient survival in the adenocarcinoma group.
  • Due to the rarity and complexity of anal canal carcinoma, interdepartmental cooperation is required for disease treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Carcinoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17963341.001).
  • [ISSN] 0513-5796
  • [Journal-full-title] Yonsei medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Yonsei Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2628150
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8. Kawahara H, Watanabe K, Ushigome T, Noaki R, Kobayashi S, Yanaga K: Retrograde single stapling technique for laparoscopic ultralow anterior resection. Dig Surg; 2010;27(4):261-4
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  • After the anal side of the tumor has been closed transanally, the distal line in the right lateral wall of the rectum is partially transected with laparoscopic coagulation shears (LCS).
  • After an anvil is placed in the proximal end of the colon over a purse-string suture, it is introduced to the anal canal transabdominally.
  • For the prevention of anastomotic leakage, a 24-french balloon catheter which decompresses the anastomosis is inserted through the anus.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Aged. Anal Canal / surgery. Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Anastomotic Leak. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Proctoscopy / methods. Risk Assessment. Sampling Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 20668381.001).
  • [ISSN] 1421-9883
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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9. Gojnic M, Dugalic V, Papic M, Vidaković S, Milićević S, Pervulov M: The significance of detailed examination of hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2005;32(3):183-4
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  • Urged by the complications of non-treated hemorrhoids, we carried out a routine diagnostic procedure to examine hemorrhoids during pregnancy, i.e. a differential diagnosis with other possible complications was performed.
  • One of the patients had clinical cachexia, and in view of the fact that the magnetic resonance imaging during pregnancy showed infiltration and that the patient was 38 years old, with the patient's consent, surgery was performed together with hysterectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy and immediate removal of the rectum and anus.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemorrhoids / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis. Rectum / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Age Factors. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy. Female. Humans. Incidence. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Trimester, Second. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Yugoslavia / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16433160.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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10. Kounalakis N, Artinyan A, Smith D, Mojica-Manoso P, Paz B, Lai LL: Abdominal perineal resection improves survival for nonmetastatic adenocarcinoma of the anal canal. Ann Surg Oncol; 2009 May;16(5):1310-5
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  • [Title] Abdominal perineal resection improves survival for nonmetastatic adenocarcinoma of the anal canal.
  • BACKGROUND: There remains a lack of consensus regarding the optimal treatment for patients with curable adenocarcinoma of the anal canal (AAC).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Colectomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 19241106.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Alvarez G, Perry A, Tan BR, Wang HL: Expression of epidermal growth factor receptor in squamous cell carcinomas of the anal canal is independent of gene amplification. Mod Pathol; 2006 Jul;19(7):942-9
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  • [Title] Expression of epidermal growth factor receptor in squamous cell carcinomas of the anal canal is independent of gene amplification.
  • Immunohistochemical detection of expression of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been utilized to identify eligible patients with solid malignant tumors, including colorectal adenocarcinoma, for monoclonal antibody therapy (eg, cetuximab).
  • The EGFR status in squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal, an uncommon malignancy traditionally treated with chemoradiation, has not been well investigated.
  • In this study, 38 primary squamous cell carcinomas of the anal canal were immunohistochemically examined for EGFR expression and analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for EGFR gene copy numbers.
  • These results demonstrate that EGFR is overexpressed in more than one-half of the squamous cell carcinomas of the anal canal through mechanisms other than gene amplification.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 16648870.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
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12. van Beurden A, Baeten CI, Lange CP, Doornewaard H, Tseng LN: Adenocarcinoma Arising within a Colonic Diverticulum in a Patient with Recurrent Diverticulitis. Clin Med Oncol; 2008;2:529-31
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma Arising within a Colonic Diverticulum in a Patient with Recurrent Diverticulitis.
  • In 2006, while admitted in our hospital for surgical treatment of recurrent diverticulitis, a 54-year-old man was found to have an adenocarcinoma arising within a colonic diverticulum.
  • Colonoscopy could be performed up to no more then 25 cm from the anus due to mucosal edema.
  • Histopathological examination of the resected specimen showed an inflamed diverticulum with a submucosal adenocarcinoma of the intestinal type within its wall.

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  • (PMID = 21892327.001).
  • [ISSN] 1177-9314
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical medicine. Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Med Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] New Zealand
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3161636
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; adenocarcinoma / colon / diverticulum
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13. Irabor DO, Dongo AE: Anal carcinoma in a tropical low socio-economic population in the new millennium: What has changed? Trop Doct; 2009 Jan;39(1):7-9
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  • [Title] Anal carcinoma in a tropical low socio-economic population in the new millennium: What has changed?
  • The paper is a retrospective look at the clinicopathological presentation of carcinoma of the anal canal in a tertiary health institution in Nigeria.
  • Sixty-five patients were diagnosed with anal carcinoma over a five-year period (2002-2006) from a total of 394 patients who had malignancies of the colon, rectum and anus.
  • The male: female ratio was 1.2: 1 showing a slight male predominance; the average age was 48 years; tenesmus, bleeding per rectum and anal pain were the most common presenting features.
  • The most predominant histopathological subtype was adenocarcinoma - a departure from the hitherto squamous cell cancer dominance.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma. Anus Neoplasms. Carcinoma
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anal Canal / pathology. Anal Canal / surgery. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nigeria / epidemiology. Socioeconomic Factors. Tropical Climate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19211411.001).
  • [ISSN] 0049-4755
  • [Journal-full-title] Tropical doctor
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trop Doct
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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1
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4. de Jong JS, Beukema JC, van Dam GM, Slart R, Lemstra C, Wiggers T: Limited value of staging squamous cell carcinoma of the anal margin and canal using the sentinel lymph node procedure: a prospective study with long-term follow-up. Ann Surg Oncol; 2010 Oct;17(10):2656-62
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  • [Title] Limited value of staging squamous cell carcinoma of the anal margin and canal using the sentinel lymph node procedure: a prospective study with long-term follow-up.
  • BACKGROUND: Selection of patients with anal cancer for groin irradiation is based on tumor size, palpation, ultrasound, and fine needle cytology.
  • Current staging of anal cancer may result in undertreatment in small tumors and overtreatment of large tumors.
  • This study reports the feasibility of the sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with anal cancer and whether this improves the selection for inguinal radiotherapy.
  • METHODS: A total of 50 patients with squamous anal cancer were evaluated prospectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that SLNB in anal cancer is technically feasible.
  • However, because of the occurrence of inguinal lymph node metastases after a tumor-negative SLNB, introduction of this procedure as standard of care in all patients with anal carcinoma should be done with caution to avoid undertreatment of patient who otherwise would benefit from inguinal radiotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy / methods

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  • (PMID = 20865825.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2941712
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15. Haboubi N: Anal cancer; do we all have a common treatment strategy? Colorectal Dis; 2009 Nov;11(9):891-2
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  • [Title] Anal cancer; do we all have a common treatment strategy?
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19832862.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Editorial
  • [Publication-country] England
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16. Cappell MS, Batke M: Invasive cancer in a diminutive rectal polyp amidst internal hemorrhoids detected by rectal retroflexion. South Med J; 2010 Sep;103(9):943-6
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  • A diminutive rectal polyp amidst internal hemorrhoids, detected by rectal retroflexion during colonoscopy, was shown to harbor invasive rectal adenocarcinoma by colonoscopic biopsy.
  • This case report also illustrates how easily an early cancer in a diminutive colonic polyp can be missed when in difficult areas of colonoscopic inspection, such as behind a colonic fold or immediately above the anus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Hemorrhoids / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Early Diagnosis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Rectum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20689479.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-8243
  • [Journal-full-title] Southern medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] South. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Aigner F, Boeckle E, Albright J, Kilo J, Boesmueller C, Conrad F, Wiesmayr S, Antretter H, Margreiter R, Mark W, Bonatti H: Malignancies of the colorectum and anus in solid organ recipients. Transpl Int; 2007 Jun;20(6):497-504
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  • [Title] Malignancies of the colorectum and anus in solid organ recipients.
  • A total of 3595 SOTs were performed between 1986 and 2005 at our center and retrospectively analyzed with regard to the incidence and course of malignancies of the colon, rectum, and anus.
  • Colorectal adenocarcinoma was diagnosed in nine patients (0.25%; mean age at diagnosis 65 years) at a mean of 5.3 years after transplantation.
  • Four patients developed anal neoplasia (0.11%) 7 years post-transplant with 100% 1-year survival.
  • The incidence of anal but not of colorectal cancers in our transplant recipients differed from that of immunocompetent individuals of corresponding age (0.11% vs. 0.002% and 0.25% vs. 0.3%).
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / epidemiology. Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Immunosuppressive Agents / adverse effects. Organ Transplantation. Postoperative Complications

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  • (PMID = 17343685.001).
  • [ISSN] 0934-0874
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplant international : official journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transpl. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents
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18. Turedi S, Incealtin O, Hos G: Complications associated with ureterosigmoidostomy--colon carcinoma and ascendens infection resulting in nephrectomy: a case report. Acta Chir Belg; 2009 Jul-Aug;109(4):531-3
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  • Ureterosigmoidostomy is a method for total diversion of the urinary stream away from the bladder and lower urinary tract into the sigmoid colon, the anus providing the continence mechanism for urine as well as for faeces.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Colonic Neoplasms / etiology. Urinary Diversion / adverse effects. Urinary Diversion / methods

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  • (PMID = 19803273.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5458
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta chirurgica Belgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Chir. Belg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
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19. Balachandra B, Marcus V, Jass JR: Poorly differentiated tumours of the anal canal: a diagnostic strategy for the surgical pathologist. Histopathology; 2007 Jan;50(1):163-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Poorly differentiated tumours of the anal canal: a diagnostic strategy for the surgical pathologist.
  • Poorly differentiated malignancies affecting the anal canal are uncommon but pose diagnostic difficulties because of the wide range of normal cell types that may occur within a limited anatomical region.
  • The range of lesions that may present as poorly differentiated tumours includes squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, small and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, neuroendocrine carcinoma expressing epithelial cytokeratins and other patterns of mixed differentiation, undifferentiated carcinoma, malignant melanoma, lymphoma and secondary tumours.
  • This review discusses the differential diagnosis of these neoplasms with the aid of short illustrative case studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Aged. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymphoma / pathology. Male. Melanoma / pathology. Middle Aged. Pathology, Surgical / methods

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  • (PMID = 17204029.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 72
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20. Ikeuchi H, Nakano H, Uchino M, Nakamura M, Matsuoka H, Fukuda Y, Matsumoto T, Takesue Y, Tomita N: Intestinal cancer in Crohn's disease. Hepatogastroenterology; 2008 Nov-Dec;55(88):2121-4
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  • AIMS: We investigated Crohn's Disease (CD) patients with carcinomas in the intestinal tract to emphasize the difficulty in establishing a diagnosis, as well as show the importance of establishing formal guidelines for screening and surveillance of cancers associated with perianal CD.
  • RESULTS: In 9 of the patients, carcinomas developed in relation to CD, 7 of whom had cancer of the lower rectum and anus with severe anorectal CD lesions.
  • Mucinous cell type carcinomas were present in 6 patients, while signet ring cell type was found in 2 patients and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in 1.

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  • (PMID = 19260489.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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21. Chetty R, Serra S, Hsieh E: Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the anal canal with an adenoid cystic pattern: histologic and immunohistochemical reappraisal of an unusual variant. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Dec;29(12):1668-72
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the anal canal with an adenoid cystic pattern: histologic and immunohistochemical reappraisal of an unusual variant.
  • Two cases of a distinctive variety of basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC) of the anal canal are described.
  • BSC of the anal canal with an adenoid cystic pattern is an infrequently encountered and reported variant, although it is seen more often in the aerodigestive tract.
  • The histologic differential diagnosis is true salivary gland-type adenoid cystic carcinoma and basal cell adenocarcinoma.
  • Immunohistochemistry and awareness of this unusual pattern of BSC will facilitate the correct diagnosis being reached.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16327441.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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22. Lee J, Corman M: Recurrence of anal adenocarcinoma after local excision and adjuvant chemoradiation therapy: report of a case and review of the literature. J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Jan;13(1):150-4
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  • [Title] Recurrence of anal adenocarcinoma after local excision and adjuvant chemoradiation therapy: report of a case and review of the literature.
  • INTRODUCTION: Tumors arising from the anal canal are rare, comprising 1.5% of all gastrointestinal tumors in the USA.
  • The vast majority of these anal cancers are epidermoid (cloacogenic/basaloid and squamous cell carcinomas), while adenocarcinomas reportedly occur 5% to 19% of the time.
  • Because of its rarity, reports about anal adenocarcinoma are limited to small retrospective studies and case reports.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of recurrent anal adenocarcinoma after conservative management with local excision and adjuvant chemoradiation therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Colectomy / methods

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23. Dyson T, Draganov PV: Squamous cell cancer of the rectum. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Sep 21;15(35):4380-6
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  • Diagnosis relies on endoscopic examination with biopsy of the lesion.
  • Distinction from squamous cell cancer of the anus can be difficult, but can be facilitated by immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratins.
  • Compared to adenocarcinoma of the rectum and squamous cell cancer of the anal canal, squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum has different epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, and prognosis but, most importantly, requires a different therapeutic approach.

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  • (PMID = 19764088.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
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  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2747057
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24. Krengli M, Milia ME, Turri L, Mones E, Bassi MC, Cannillo B, Deantonio L, Sacchetti G, Brambilla M, Inglese E: FDG-PET/CT imaging for staging and target volume delineation in conformal radiotherapy of anal carcinoma. Radiat Oncol; 2010;5:10
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  • [Title] FDG-PET/CT imaging for staging and target volume delineation in conformal radiotherapy of anal carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: FDG-PET/CT imaging has an emerging role in staging and treatment planning of various tumor locations and a number of literature studies show that also the carcinoma of the anal canal may benefit from this diagnostic approach.
  • We analyzed the potential impact of FDG-PET/CT in stage definition and target volume delineation of patients affected by carcinoma of the anal canal and candidates for curative radiotherapy.
  • METHODS: Twenty seven patients with biopsy proven anal carcinoma were enrolled.
  • Pathology was squamous cell carcinoma in 20 cases, cloacogenic carcinoma in 3, adenocarcinoma in 2, and basal cell carcinoma in 2.
  • CONCLUSIONS: FDG-PET/CT has a potential relevant impact in staging and target volume delineation of the carcinoma of the anal canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma / pathology. Neoplasm Staging / methods. Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted / methods. Radiotherapy, Conformal

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  • (PMID = 20137093.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-717X
  • [Journal-full-title] Radiation oncology (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Radiat Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2851594
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25. Ishiyama S, Inoue S, Kobayashi K, Sano Y, Kushida N, Yamazaki Y, Yanaga K: Implantation of rectal cancer in an anal fistula: report of a case. Surg Today; 2006;36(8):747-9
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  • [Title] Implantation of rectal cancer in an anal fistula: report of a case.
  • A 53-year-old man who had had an anal fistula for 20 years was admitted to our hospital with a large intestinal obstruction.
  • After draining a perianal abscess caused by the anal fistula, we performed low anterior resection.
  • Histological examination of the perianal necrotic tissue obtained during resection of the perianal tumor encompassing the anal fistula revealed adenocarcinoma.
  • Since the histology of the perianal lesion was identical to that of the rectal cancer, a diagnosis of cancer implantation rather than carcinoma originating in the anal fistula was entertained.
  • Although the recurrence of rectal cancer by mucosal implantation is not uncommon, the coincidental implantation of rectal cancer in an anal fistula is extremely rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Seeding. Rectal Fistula / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology


26. Chatelain D, Mokrani N, Fléjou JF: [Anal and anal margin tumors]. Ann Pathol; 2007 Dec;27(6):459-75
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  • [Title] [Anal and anal margin tumors].
  • Tumors of the anal canal and anal margin are rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Endocrine Gland Neoplasms / epidemiology. Endocrine Gland Neoplasms / pathology. France / epidemiology. Humans. Incidence. Leiomyosarcoma / pathology. Lymphoma / pathology. Melanoma / epidemiology. Melanoma / pathology. Papilloma / pathology. Sarcoma, Kaposi / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18554556.001).
  • [ISSN] 0242-6498
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pathol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 110
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27. Karamercan A, Tatlicioglu E, Ferahkose Z: Strangulation of a prolapsed rectal cancer in labor: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2007 Jun;52(6):545-7
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  • Delayed diagnosis due to confusing significant lower gastrointestinal symptoms with pregnancy-associated gastrointestinal changes is a common feature.
  • From the increasing intraabdominal pressure during delivery, a tumor can prolapse throu the anus and develop incarceration and strangulation, but that is seen a extremely rarely, CASE: A 33-year-old woman was found to have a prolapsing rectal cancer through the anus during delivery, and it progressed to incarceration, CONCLUSION: Colorectal cancer during pregnancy is rare and mostly localized to the rectum.
  • The choice of surgical procedure is controversial if the preoperative diagnosis is not clear.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Obstetric Labor Complications / pathology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / complications. Rectal Prolapse / complications


28. Kładny J: [Comment to the study: Metastasis to brain from rectal cancer as the first manifestation of neoplasmatic disease]. Wiad Lek; 2006;59(5-6):436
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Errors / prevention & control. Female. Humans


29. Hama Y, Makita K, Yamana T, Dodanuki K: Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from fistula in ano: MRI findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2006 Aug;187(2):517-21
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  • [Title] Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from fistula in ano: MRI findings.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe MRI findings in 11 patients with mucinous adenocarcinomas arising from fistula in ano.
  • CONCLUSION: More than half of patients had a mass filled with markedly hyperintense content on T2-weighted fast spin-echo images, enhancing solid components within the mass, mesh-like internal enhancement, fluid collections without a thick fibrous capsule, contrast enhancement of peritumoral areas, and a fistula between the mass and the anus.
  • Regional areas of lymph node enlargement were considered indirect findings of locally advanced mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • These MRI findings may help diagnose mucinous adenocarcinomas arising from fistula in ano.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / complications. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Rectal Fistula / complications. Rectal Fistula / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16861558.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Shinoda M, Hatano S, Kawakubo H, Kakefuda T, Omori T, Ishii S: Adult cecoanal intussusception caused by cecum cancer: report of a case. Surg Today; 2007;37(9):802-5
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  • The patient presented to our hospital with a mass protruding from the anus.
  • The pathological finding was submucosal adenocarcinoma in adenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Cecal Neoplasms / complications. Cecum / pathology. Intussusception / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17713738.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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31. Iesalnieks I, Gaertner WB, Glass H, Strauch U, Hipp M, Agha A, Schlitt HJ: Fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma in Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis; 2010 Oct;16(10):1643-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma in Crohn's disease.
  • BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma arising from perianal fistulae in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) is rare.
  • We present 6 patients with CD and fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma (FAAA) and a systematic review of published series.
  • The average age at time of diagnosis was 45.5 years.
  • Mean delay of cancer diagnosis was 11 months.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Adenocarcinoma arising from long-standing perianal CD fistulae is being increasingly reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Crohn Disease / complications. Rectal Fistula / etiology


32. Okada K, Shatari T, Sasaki T, Tamada T, Suwa T, Furuuchi T, Takenaka Y, Hori M, Sakuma M: Is histopathological evidence really essential for making a surgical decision about mucinous carcinoma arising in a perianal fistula? Report of a case. Surg Today; 2008;38(6):555-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We report an unusual case of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the anus associated with a chronic anal fistula, treated successfully by abdominoperineal resection (APR).
  • Conversely, the presence of mucin lakes and globules in specimens drained from the region of perianal sepsis may have been histologically informative for diagnosis.
  • Thus, although biopsy of the lesion is undoubtedly essential for diagnosis, it often fails to provide enough information to make a definite diagnosis of mucinous carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 18516539.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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33. Shia J: An update on tumors of the anal canal. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 Nov;134(11):1601-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An update on tumors of the anal canal.
  • CONTEXT: The anal canal possesses complex anatomy and histology and gives rise to a variety of tumor types.
  • Challenging issues remain with regard to both the pathologic diagnosis and the clinical management of these tumors.
  • OBJECTIVES: To provide an updated overview of the histogenesis, clinical and pathologic characteristics, diagnostic terminology, and relevant clinical management of the various types of anal canal tumors.
  • DATA SOURCES: Recent literature on clinical and pathologic characteristics of anal canal tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although most anal canal tumors are of squamous lineage, a complex variety of other tumors also occurs.
  • Recognition of such diverse tumor entities will allow accurate pathologic diagnosis and most optimal clinical management.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Melanoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21043813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Kuroda N, Tanida N, Ohara M, Hirouchi T, Mizuno K, Kubo A, Lee GH: Anal canal adenocarcinoma with MUC5AC expression suggestive of anal gland origin. Med Mol Morphol; 2007 Mar;40(1):50-3
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  • [Title] Anal canal adenocarcinoma with MUC5AC expression suggestive of anal gland origin.
  • Anal canal adenocarcinomas arising in the anal ducts or glands are very rare neoplasms, and few useful immunohistochemical markers of these carcinomas are known to date.
  • A 57-year-old man presented with anal bleeding, difficulty of defecation, and anal pain.
  • Macroscopic findings of the surgically resected material showed circular stenosis of the anal canal.
  • Microscopically, the proliferation of adenocarcinoma cells with mucin production was observed in the submucosal and muscular layers.
  • Immunohistochemically, normal rectal-type mucosa and normal anal ducts/glands showed the patterns of cytokeratin 7 (CK7)(-)/CK19(+, focal)/MUC5AC(-) and CK7(+, diffuse)/CK19(+, diffuse)/MUC5AC(+, focal), respectively, and neoplastic cells showed the pattern of CK7(+, diffuse)/CK19(+, diffuse)/MUC5AC(+, focal).
  • Finally, our preliminary report suggests that the immunohistochemical combination of CK7, CK19, and MUC5AC may be an available marker for adenocarcinoma of anal ducts/glands origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Mucins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17384991.001).
  • [ISSN] 1860-1480
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical molecular morphology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Mol Morphol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MUC5AC protein, human; 0 / Mucin 5AC; 0 / Mucins
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35. Ong J, Jit-Fong L, Ming-Hian K, Boon-Swee O, Kok-Sun H, Eu KW: Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic anorectal fistulae: a review from a single institution. Tech Coloproctol; 2007 Mar;11(1):34-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic anorectal fistulae: a review from a single institution.
  • BACKGROUND: Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from a chronic anorectal fistula is rare, with few reports in the literature.
  • METHODS: From our prospectively collected database, we identified 4 patients with chronic perianal inflammatory conditions who were subsequently found to have developed perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma on biopsy.
  • RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A high index of clinical suspicion is required to make the diagnosis of perianal tumours while assessing patients presenting with perianal inflammatory conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Diseases / complications. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 17357864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1123-6337
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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36. Leung KK, Yusuf TE: External polypectomy of a large anal canal polyp. Gastrointest Endosc; 2007 Sep;66(3):603; discussion 604
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  • [Title] External polypectomy of a large anal canal polyp.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenoma, Villous / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Intestinal Polyps / surgery. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17681501.001).
  • [ISSN] 0016-5107
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastrointest. Endosc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Smith R, Hicks D, Tomljanovich PI, Lele SB, Rajput A, Dunn KB: Adenocarcinoma arising from chronic perianal Crohn's disease: case report and review of the literature. Am Surg; 2008 Jan;74(1):59-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma arising from chronic perianal Crohn's disease: case report and review of the literature.
  • We present a unique case of a perianal Crohn's disease with adenomatous epithelialization of a fistula tract and an associated mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • Our case demonstrates that mucinous adenocarcinoma can arise in long standing perianal Crohn's disease and may be associated with adenomatous transformation of the epithelial lining of the fistula tract.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Crohn Disease / complications. Crohn Disease / pathology. Rectal Fistula / etiology

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  • (PMID = 18274431.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-1348
  • [Journal-full-title] The American surgeon
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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38. Eng C: Anal cancer: current and future methodology. Cancer Invest; 2006 Aug-Sep;24(5):535-44
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  • [Title] Anal cancer: current and future methodology.
  • Despite the small number of patients affected by carcinoma of the anal canal it remains one of the most challenging cancers to treat.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Anus Neoplasms
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Carcinoma in Situ / drug therapy. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / radiotherapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiotherapy. Cisplatin / therapeutic use. Clinical Trials as Topic. Fluorouracil / therapeutic use. HIV Infections / complications. Humans. Mitomycin / therapeutic use. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Neoplasm Metastasis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm, Residual. Papillomavirus Infections / complications

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  • (PMID = 16939964.001).
  • [ISSN] 0735-7907
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
  • [Number-of-references] 64
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39. Gurzu S, Jung J, Azamfirei L, Mezei T, Cîmpean AM: The aspects of angiogenesis in anal canal carcinomas compared with that in colorectal carcinomas. Rom J Morphol Embryol; 2007;48(4):349-53
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  • [Title] The aspects of angiogenesis in anal canal carcinomas compared with that in colorectal carcinomas.
  • AIM: To compare the angiogenesis in anal canal carcinomas (ACC) with that in colorectal carcinomas (CRC).
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / blood supply. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / blood supply. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / blood supply. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 18060184.001).
  • [ISSN] 1220-0522
  • [Journal-full-title] Romanian journal of morphology and embryology = Revue roumaine de morphologie et embryologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rom J Morphol Embryol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Romania
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40. Symons NR, Guenther T, Gupta A, Northover JM: Para-neorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma following childhood pull-through procedure for imperforate anus. Colorectal Dis; 2010 Mar;12(3):262-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Para-neorectal mucinous adenocarcinoma following childhood pull-through procedure for imperforate anus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Anus, Imperforate / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures. Postoperative Complications / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19207703.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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46. Butler CE, Gündeslioglu AO, Rodriguez-Bigas MA: Outcomes of immediate vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap reconstruction for irradiated abdominoperineal resection defects. J Am Coll Surg; 2008 Apr;206(4):694-703
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Abscess / etiology. Abscess / surgery. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Aged. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Colectomy / adverse effects. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Perineum / radiation effects. Perineum / surgery. Reconstructive Surgical Procedures. Rectus Abdominis / transplantation. Retrospective Studies. Wound Healing / drug effects. Wound Healing / radiation effects

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  • (PMID = 18387476.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1190
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the American College of Surgeons
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Am. Coll. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Tomimaru Y, Ohue M, Noura S, Tanida T, Miyashiro I, Yano M, Ohigashi H, Sasaki Y, Ishikawa O, Imaoka S: [A case of anal fistula cancer probably developing from intraluminal dissemination of rectal cancer]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2005 Oct;32(11):1776-8
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  • [Title] [A case of anal fistula cancer probably developing from intraluminal dissemination of rectal cancer].
  • A 63-year-old man with a history of anal fistula was admitted to our hospital because the anal pain didn't disappear after the operation.
  • On digital examination, a hard mass measuring 3.0 cm in diameter was found at the anal canal.
  • Biopsy of the mass showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • Colonoscopy revealed another rectal cancer at 15 cm from anal verge.
  • Biopsy of the tumor also showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, resembling the anal canal tumor.
  • Because the histological findings of both tumors were nearly identical, we considered that cancer cells from the rectal cancer had been implanted and developed the metastatic tumor in the anal fistula.
  • The patient underwent anterior resection for the rectal cancer, and a local resection for the anal canal cancer.
  • We may suggest from these results that cancer cells from the rectal cancer had been implanted and developed the metastatic tumor in the anal canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / secondary. Rectal Fistula / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology


48. Elgin Y, Demirkasimoglu T, Kucukplakci B, Altundag MB, Altundag K, Misirlioglu C, Sanri E, Erkal H, Ugur I, Kara P, Ozgen A, Ozdamar N: Anal tumor diagnosed after the recovery of Fournier gangrene. Dig Dis Sci; 2006 May;51(5):889-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anal tumor diagnosed after the recovery of Fournier gangrene.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Anus Neoplasms / complications. Fournier Gangrene / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16642420.001).
  • [ISSN] 0163-2116
  • [Journal-full-title] Digestive diseases and sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dig. Dis. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Owens SR, Greenson JK: Immunohistochemical staining for p63 is useful in the diagnosis of anal squamous cell carcinomas. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Feb;31(2):285-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunohistochemical staining for p63 is useful in the diagnosis of anal squamous cell carcinomas.
  • Anal canal carcinomas account for between 1% and 2% of all gastrointestinal carcinomas in the United States.
  • By far, the most common carcinoma in this site is squamous cell carcinoma, but the differential diagnosis typically includes poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma or carcinoid tumor.
  • However, accurate diagnosis is imperative, because the treatment differs between squamous carcinoma (chemoradiation) and the other types of carcinoma (surgical therapy).
  • Therefore, we undertook to ascertain its usefulness in the diagnosis of squamous carcinomas in the anal canal.
  • We retrieved 24 anal squamous carcinomas, 68 colorectal adenocarcinomas (including a tissue microarray), and 32 colorectal neuroendocrine carcinomas from the archives at the University of Michigan, and immunostained them for the p63 antigen.
  • It also stained the dysplastic epithelial cells in adjacent areas of anal intraepithelial neoplasia.
  • We report that the p63 immunostain is a highly specific and useful tool in the diagnosis of carcinomas of the anal canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / metabolism. Anus Neoplasms / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Immunoenzyme Techniques / methods. Trans-Activators / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis. Carcinoid Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma in Situ / metabolism. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Predictive Value of Tests. Tissue Array Analysis. Transcription Factors

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  • (PMID = 17255774.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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50. West NP, Finan PJ, Anderin C, Lindholm J, Holm T, Quirke P: Evidence of the oncologic superiority of cylindrical abdominoperineal excision for low rectal cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Jul 20;26(21):3517-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE: Abdominoperineal excision (APE) of the rectum and anus for rectal cancer continues to have greater local recurrence and poorer survival than that seen following anterior resection.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty-eight specimens from patients who underwent APE that was performed for potentially curable primary rectal adenocarcinoma were dissected according to standard protocol in Leeds and Stockholm between 1997 and 2007 and were studied.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery


51. Garrett K, Kalady MF: Anal neoplasms. Surg Clin North Am; 2010 Feb;90(1):147-61, Table of Contents
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  • [Title] Anal neoplasms.
  • A variety of lesions comprise tumors of the anal canal, with carcinoma in situ and epidermoid cancers being the most common.
  • Less common anal neoplasms include adenocarcinoma, melanoma, gastrointestinal stromal cell tumors, neuroendocrine tumors, and Buschke-Lowenstein tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Verrucous / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Verrucous / pathology. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Prognosis. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20109639.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-3171
  • [Journal-full-title] The Surgical clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 105
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52. Cohen SJ, Engstrom PF, Lewis NL, Langer CJ, McLaughlin S, Beard M, Weiner LM, Meropol NJ: Phase I study of capecitabine and oxaliplatin in combination with the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in patients with advanced solid tumors. Am J Clin Oncol; 2008 Feb;31(1):1-5
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  • Three objective tumor responses were noted (squamous cell of anus, adenocarcinoma of unknown primary, adenocarcinoma of rectum).

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  • (PMID = 18376220.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-453X
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA006927
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Boronic Acids; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; 0 / Pyrazines; 04ZR38536J / oxaliplatin; 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; 6804DJ8Z9U / Capecitabine; 69G8BD63PP / Bortezomib; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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53. Venclauskas L, Saladzinskas Z, Tamelis A, Pranys D, Pavalkis D: Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising in an anorectal fistula. Medicina (Kaunas); 2009;45(4):286-90
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  • [Title] Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising in an anorectal fistula.
  • Mucinous adenocarcinoma in association with chronic anal fistula is a rare case in clinical practice.
  • The aim of this article was to report a rare case of anal gland mucinous adenocarcinoma in a patient who was treated in the Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine.
  • Histological examination revealed mucinous adenocarcinoma, G2.
  • Histological examination after abdominoperineal resection revealed anal duct mucinous adenocarcinoma pT2 N0 L0 V0 R0, G2.
  • SUMMARY: Mucinous adenocarcinoma in anorectal fistula is a rare condition.
  • If surgical treatment for perineal abscess or anorectal fistula is not successful for a long time, mucinous adenocarcinoma should be suspected.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous. Anus Neoplasms. Rectal Fistula / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Abscess / complications. Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Staging. Perineum

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  • (PMID = 19423959.001).
  • [ISSN] 1648-9144
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Medicina (Kaunas)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Lithuania
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54. Toms N, Bicknell C, Harrison R: Colo-anal intussusception in an adult: case report and review of the literature. Int J Clin Pract; 2009 Jan;63(1):175-6
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  • [Title] Colo-anal intussusception in an adult: case report and review of the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Anus Diseases / etiology. Colonic Neoplasms / complications. Intussusception / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] Int J Clin Pract. 2009 Apr;63(4):671; author reply 671 [19335709.001]
  • (PMID = 19126002.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-1241
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 11
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55. Pedersen ME, Rahr HB, Fenger C, Qvist N: Adenocarcinoma arising from the rectal stump eleven years after excision of an ileal J-pouch in a patient with ulcerative colitis: report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum; 2008 Jul;51(7):1146-8
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma arising from the rectal stump eleven years after excision of an ileal J-pouch in a patient with ulcerative colitis: report of a case.
  • We report a case of adenocarcinoma in the anal canal 11 years after removal of a failed ileal J-pouch.
  • The anus had been left in place at the pouch excision because of severe fibrosis in the pelvis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Colitis, Ulcerative / surgery. Colonic Pouches / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anastomosis, Surgical. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ileostomy. Male. Middle Aged. Proctocolectomy, Restorative / methods. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18437493.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Ault GT, Nunoo-Mensah JW, Johnson L, Vukasin P, Kaiser A, Beart RW Jr: Adenocarcinoma arising in the middle of ileoanal pouches: report of five cases. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Mar;52(3):538-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma arising in the middle of ileoanal pouches: report of five cases.
  • Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis with or without mucosectomy has become the procedure of choice in patients with long-standing ulcerative colitis complicated by malignancy or medically refractory disease and for familial polyposis syndrome.
  • We present a recent series of five patients who developed adenocarcinoma in the middle of their ileal pouch including the first case of pouch carcinoma in a patient who underwent pouch formation for ulcerative colitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Colonic Pouches / adverse effects. Ileal Neoplasms / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19333060.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Sen M, Ozdemir O, Turan M, Arici S, Yildiz F, Koksal B, Goze F: Epigenetic inactivation of tumor suppressor SFRP2 and point mutation in KRAS proto-oncogene in fistula-associated mucinous type anal adenocarcinoma: report of two cases. Intern Med; 2010;49(15):1637-40
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  • [Title] Epigenetic inactivation of tumor suppressor SFRP2 and point mutation in KRAS proto-oncogene in fistula-associated mucinous type anal adenocarcinoma: report of two cases.
  • The aim of the current study was to clarify whether SFRP2 methylation and K-ras structural mutation in fecal DNA can be found in stool and tumoral tissues of individuals with fistula-associated mucinous type anal adenocarcinomas (MTAA).Two man patients (68 and 56 years old) were treated for anorectal fistula in the surgical department.
  • The current results showed that the combined effects of somatic mutations in K-ras and epigenetic alterations in SFRP2 genes may play an active role in the development of mucinous type anal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Anus Neoplasms / genetics. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Point Mutation / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics. Rectal Fistula / genetics. ras Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20686305.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / KRAS protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / SFRP2 protein, human; EC 3.6.5.2 / ras Proteins
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58. Han C, Chen YJ, Liu A, Schultheiss TE, Wong JY: Dosimetric study and in-vivo dose verification for conformal avoidance treatment of anal adenocarcinoma using helical tomotherapy. Med Dosim; 2007;32(1):33-7
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  • [Title] Dosimetric study and in-vivo dose verification for conformal avoidance treatment of anal adenocarcinoma using helical tomotherapy.
  • This study evaluated the efficacy of using helical tomotherapy for conformal avoidance treatment of anal adenocarcinoma.
  • We retrospectively generated step-and-shoot intensity-modulated radiotherapy (sIMRT) plans and helical tomotherapy plans for two anal cancer patients, one male and one female, who were treated by the sIMRT technique.
  • In-vivo skin dose measurements were performed during conformal avoidance helical tomotherapy treatment of an anal cancer patient to verify adequate delivery of skin dose and sparing of OARs.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Anus Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / methods. Tomography, Spiral Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 17317533.001).
  • [ISSN] 0958-3947
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical dosimetry : official journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Dosim
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Yang R, Cheung MC, Zhuge Y, Armstrong C, Koniaris LG, Sola JE: Primary solid tumors of the colon and rectum in the pediatric patient: a review of 270 cases. J Surg Res; 2010 Jun 15;161(2):209-16
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  • Tumors were identified in the right colon (45.9%), transverse colon (9.3%), left colon (20.4%), rectum (15.2%), and anal canal (1.1%).
  • The most common histology of these tumors was adenocarcinoma (35.6%), followed by carcinoid (34.1%).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Aging. Anus Neoplasms / epidemiology. Anus Neoplasms / mortality. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Colectomy. Continental Population Groups / statistics & numerical data. Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Neoplasm Staging. United States / epidemiology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19285688.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-8673
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of surgical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Surg. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Kosugi C, Saito N, Murakami K, Ochiai A, Koda K, Ono M, Sugito M, Ito M, Oda K, Seike K, Miyazaki M: Positron emission tomography for preoperative staging in patients with locally advanced or metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma in lymph node metastasis. Hepatogastroenterology; 2008 Mar-Apr;55(82-83):398-402
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  • [Title] Positron emission tomography for preoperative staging in patients with locally advanced or metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma in lymph node metastasis.
  • BACKGROUND/AIMS: The impact of positron emission tomography was prospectively evaluated using 18 (F)-fluoro-deoxyglucose (FDG-PET) for the detection of lymph node (LN) metastasis in preoperative locally advanced colorectal adenocarcinoma, compared with computed tomography (CT) and pathologic findings.
  • Regional LNs were classified into 3 groups, N1, N2-3, and N4, according to the Japanese General Rules for Clinical and Pathological Studies on Cancer of the Colon, Rectum and Anus (6th Edition).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / radionuclide imaging. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Positron-Emission Tomography

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  • (PMID = 18613374.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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61. Kiss H: [Challenging conversation with a patient about the change in treatment strategy from a curative to a palliative setting]. Wien Med Wochenschr; 2006 May;156(9-10):324-6
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  • Our case of a 49 year old female presenting with a colorectal adenocarcinoma and vertebral body metastasis required spinal stabilization surgery to prevent paralysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Palliative Care / psychology. Patient Education as Topic. Physician-Patient Relations. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy. Truth Disclosure


62. Yang BL, Shao WJ, Sun GD, Chen YQ, Huang JC: Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic anorectal fistulae: a review from single institution. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2009 Sep;24(9):1001-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic anorectal fistulae: a review from single institution.
  • BACKGROUND: Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from a chronic anorectal fistula is rare, with few reports in the literature.
  • METHODS: From our retrospective chart review, we identified three patients with chronic perianal fistula-in-ano who were subsequently found to have developed perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma on biopsy.
  • One patient with inguinal lymph node metastases died due to distant metastasis 6 months after diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fistula-associated perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma is an uncommon malignant transformation of chronic fistula-in-ano.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 19205706.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1262
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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63. Mourad N, Lasser P, Sabourin JC: [A tumor of the anal canal]. Ann Pathol; 2005 Oct;25(5):407-8
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  • [Title] [A tumor of the anal canal].
  • [Transliterated title] Une tumeur du canal anal.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16498298.001).
  • [ISSN] 0242-6498
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de pathologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pathol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / KRT20 protein, human; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
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64. Gaertner WB, Hagerman GF, Goldberg SM, Finne CO 3rd: Perianal Paget's disease treated with wide excision and gluteal skin flap reconstruction: report of a case and review of the literature. Dis Colon Rectum; 2008 Dec;51(12):1842-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Paget's disease of the anus is a rare perianal disorder.
  • The condition is often associated with underlying invasive carcinoma and the prognosis is poor when underlying adenocarcinoma is present.
  • CONCLUSION: Perianal Paget's disease continues to pose problems in diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Paget Disease, Extramammary / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 18584248.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 34
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65. Linehan G, Cahill RA, Kalimuthu SN, O'Connell F, Redmond HP, Kirwan WO: Adenocarcinoma arising in the ileoanal pouch after restorative proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2008 Mar;23(3):329-30
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma arising in the ileoanal pouch after restorative proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Colonic Pouches / adverse effects. Proctocolectomy, Restorative / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Time Factors


66. Ghigna MR, Drak Alsibai K, Porras J, Palazzo L, Godchaux JM, Fabre M: Deep-seated rectal/anal basaloid carcinoma: useful immunocytochemistry in rare squamous cell carcinoma variants. Cytopathology; 2009 Oct;20(5):315-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Deep-seated rectal/anal basaloid carcinoma: useful immunocytochemistry in rare squamous cell carcinoma variants.
  • OBJECTIVES: To report the cytological aspects of ano-rectal basaloid carcinoma (BC) variant in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) conventional and liquid-based cytology (LBC), in a series of 10 cases of deep-seated squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), and to discuss the diagnostic difficulties in interpreting the morphology and immunocytochemical findings.
  • Of these two cases, only one was correctly diagnosed by EUS-FNA specimen, whereas in the second case, the initial cytological diagnosis was poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and the final diagnosis of basaloid carcinoma variant was established on surgical resection.
  • Immunocytochemistry (ICC) using CK7, CK20 and CK34betae12 on FNA specimens confirmed the diagnosis retrospectively.
  • CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of basaloid variant of SCC in a rectal location can be very difficult, both on account of the uncommon location and because of the low specificity of morphological aspects on EUS-FNA smears.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Neoplasms, Basal Cell. Rectal Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 18540877.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2303
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytopathology : official journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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67. Lim JF, Tjandra JJ, Hiscock R, Chao MW, Gibbs P: Preoperative chemoradiation for rectal cancer causes prolonged pudendal nerve terminal motor latency. Dis Colon Rectum; 2006 Jan;49(1):12-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Patients who had rectal cancer with a distal margin within 6 cm of the anal verge had the anus included in the field of radiotherapy (Group A, n = 26).
  • Patients who had rectal cancer with a distal margin 6 to 12 cm from the anal verge had shielding of the anus during radiotherapy (Group B, n = 40).
  • The maximum resting anal pressures were unchanged after chemoradiation.
  • The maximum squeeze anal pressures were reduced (mean = 166.5-157.5 mmHg) after chemoradiation.
  • These 18 patients similarly had a worsened median Wexner continence score (range, 0-3) and maximum squeeze anal pressures (mean = 165.5-144 mmHg).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Fluorouracil / therapeutic use. Leucovorin / therapeutic use. Motor Neurons. Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / etiology. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy. Rectum / innervation

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  • (PMID = 16292664.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 12001-76-2 / Vitamin B Complex; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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68. Danova NA, Robles-Emanuelli JC, Bjorling DE: Surgical excision of primary canine rectal tumors by an anal approach in twenty-three dogs. Vet Surg; 2006 Jun;35(4):337-40
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  • [Title] Surgical excision of primary canine rectal tumors by an anal approach in twenty-three dogs.
  • OBJECTIVE: To describe an anal approach for excision of primary rectal tumors in dogs and to report outcome.
  • METHODS: Review of medical records (1990-2000) of dogs with primary rectal neoplasia excised surgically using an anal approach with rectal prolapse.
  • RESULTS: Each dog had only 1 tumor type (adenocarcinoma [8], solitary polyp [5], carcinoma [4], plasmacytoma [2], adenoma [1], leiomyoma [1], mucinous carcinoma [1], and papilloma [1]).
  • CONCLUSION: Surgical excision of tumors of the caudal rectum can be accomplished through the anus after rectal prolapse.
  • CLINICAL RELEVANCE: An anal approach facilitated by rectal prolapse should be considered as a viable option for the surgical treatment of selected cases of tumors of the caudal aspect of the rectum in dogs.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / surgery. Dog Diseases / surgery. Rectal Neoplasms / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenocarcinoma / veterinary. Animals. Disease-Free Survival. Dogs. Female. Male. Polyps / surgery. Polyps / veterinary. Postoperative Complications / veterinary. Records as Topic / veterinary. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome. Wisconsin / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16756613.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-3499
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary surgery : VS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Lad SV, Haider MA, Brown CJ, Mcleod RS: MRI appearance of perianal carcinoma in Crohn's disease. J Magn Reson Imaging; 2007 Dec;26(6):1659-62
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  • A total of six patients with anorectal carcinoma (four mucinous adenocarcinoma, two squamous) in Crohn's disease were retrospectively reviewed.
  • The four cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma all displayed a pattern of lobulated fluid-filled cavities with delayed internal tissue enhancement.
  • The presence of a double-layered enhancement pattern was seen in both cases of squamous carcinoma and in only one of four cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma and one of 18 noncancer cases.
  • The pattern of contrast enhancement is valuable in the MRI diagnosis of carcinoma in perianal Crohn's disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Crohn Disease / complications. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17968942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 84F6U3J2R6 / gadodiamide; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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70. Fritsch H, Zehm S, Illig R, Moser P, Aigner F: New insights into the development and differentiation of the human anorectal epithelia. Are there clinical consequences? Int J Colorectal Dis; 2010 Oct;25(10):1231-42
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  • In comparison, 17 specimens of ultralow rectal adenocarcinoma and 4 specimens of anal carcinoma were investigated.
  • We showed that anorectal epithelial differentiation including the squamous epithelia ran in a craniocaudal direction, and that the anorectal zone was a transitional zone between rectal zone and anal transitional zone where CK 7, 18, 20 and CDX2 are simultaneously expressed.
  • All cases of rectal adenocarcinoma showed positivity for CK 18, 20 and CDX2, and three also labelled for CK 7, whereas CK 14 was only expressed in the cases of anal carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / growth & development. Epithelial Cells / cytology. Epithelium / pathology. Rectum / growth & development
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Child, Preschool. Fetus / cytology. Homeodomain Proteins. Humans. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20563874.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1262
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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71. Ho YH: Techniques for restoring bowel continuity and function after rectal cancer surgery. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Oct 21;12(39):6252-60
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  • A very low local recurrence rate of 3%-6% (associated with improved 5 year survival) is possible when proper oncological surgery is performed of mid and distal rectal adenocarcinoma.
  • However after a direct (straight) anastomosis of the colon to the distal rectum/anus, up to 33% of patients have 3 or more bowel movements/d; some can be troubled with up to 14 stools a day.
  • Colonic J-pouch-anal anastomosis patients have a median of 3 bowel movements a day compared with a median of 6 a day for straight anastomoses, at 1 year after surgery.
  • In the longer term, bowel adaptation may enable the function after a straight anastomosis to approximate that of a colonic J-pouch-anal anastomosis.
  • An additional advantage of the colonic J-pouch-anal anastomosis is the lower risk of anastomotic complications.
  • A more vascularized side-to-end (colonic J-pouch-anal) anastomosis is likely to heal better than an end-to-end (straight) anastomosis.
  • Where the pelvis is too narrow for a bulky colonic J-pouch anal anastomosis, a coloplasty-anal-anastomosis is an option.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Gastrointestinal Motility / physiology. Postoperative Care / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / pathology. Anal Canal / surgery. Anastomosis, Surgical / adverse effects. Anastomosis, Surgical / methods. Colon / pathology. Colon / surgery. Colonic Pouches / pathology. Defecation. Humans. Laparoscopy / methods. Rectum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17072945.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Editorial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 60
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4088130
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72. Obaidat NA, Awamleh AA, Ghazarian DM: Adenocarcinoma in situ arising in a tubulopapillary apocrine hidradenoma of the peri-anal region. Eur J Dermatol; 2006 Sep-Oct;16(5):576-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma in situ arising in a tubulopapillary apocrine hidradenoma of the peri-anal region.
  • We report the case of a 67-year-old woman who presented with a peri-anal skin tag.
  • Similar to vulvar lesions, peri-anal apocrine tumours are believed to arise in mammary like glands (MLGs).
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of a peri-anal adenocarcinoma in situ arising in a tubulopapillary apocrine hidradenoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17101482.001).
  • [ISSN] 1167-1122
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of dermatology : EJD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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73. MacNeill KN, Riddell RH, Ghazarian D: Perianal apocrine adenocarcinoma arising in a benign apocrine adenoma; first case report and review of the literature. J Clin Pathol; 2005 Feb;58(2):217-9
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  • [Title] Perianal apocrine adenocarcinoma arising in a benign apocrine adenoma; first case report and review of the literature.
  • Benign apocrine lesions have been described in the anogenital region, although according to the World Health Organisation convincing examples of anal apocrine adenocarcinomas have not been published.
  • This report describes the case of an invasive apocrine adenocarcinoma arising in a benign adenoma in the perianal region of a 45 year old woman.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma, Sweat Gland / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Apocrine Glands / pathology. Sweat Gland Neoplasms / pathology


74. Egea-Valenzuela J, Belchí-Segura E, Essouri N, Sánchez-Torres A, Carballo-Alvarez F: Adenocarcinoma of the rectum and anus in a patient with Crohn's disease treated with infliximab. Rev Esp Enferm Dig; 2010 Jul;102(8):501-4
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of the rectum and anus in a patient with Crohn's disease treated with infliximab.
  • In the present paper, we report the case of a patient with long-standing Crohn s disease and multiple complications that, after receiving treatment with infliximab, was diagnosed with an adenocarcinoma of the rectum and anus that required radical surgery, later presenting multiple metastases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / chemically induced. Antibodies, Monoclonal / adverse effects. Anus Neoplasms / chemically induced. Crohn Disease / drug therapy. Rectal Neoplasms / chemically induced. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / antagonists & inhibitors

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  • (PMID = 20670073.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-0108
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista española de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Española de Patología Digestiva
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Esp Enferm Dig
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; B72HH48FLU / Infliximab
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75. Hamada M, Ozaki K, Iwata J, Nishioka Y, Horimi T: A case of rectosigmoid cancer metastasizing to a fistula in ano. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2005 Nov;35(11):676-9
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  • [Title] A case of rectosigmoid cancer metastasizing to a fistula in ano.
  • We herein report a case of rectosigmoid cancer metastasizing to a fistula in ano.
  • A 53-year-old man complaining of anal bleeding consulted another hospital.
  • He had been suffering from an anal fistula since 7 years.
  • On the left upper side of the skin surface around the anus a fistula end was seen as a hole that tunneled down into the back passage, although no hard tumor was palpable on the hole.
  • The post-operative pathological diagnosis was rectosigmoid cancer, Type 2, T2, N0, M0, stage II.
  • The anal fistula was a simple type and mucinous discharge was not observed.
  • On 23 February 2004, coring out the anal fistula was performed by the former hospital.
  • Pathological diagnosis of the excised fistula revealed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma; identical to the colon tumor.
  • We diagnosed this tumor as metastatic adenocarcinoma from a rectosigmoid cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / secondary. Rectal Fistula / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / pathology. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16275674.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2811
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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76. Val-Bernal JF, Mayorga M, Diego C, González-Vela MC: Pedunculated polypoid lymphangioma of the anal canal. Pathol Int; 2008 Jul;58(7):442-4
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  • [Title] Pedunculated polypoid lymphangioma of the anal canal.
  • To the authors' knowledge a lymphangioma of the anal canal has not been reported.
  • Described herein is a case of pedunculated polypoid lymphangioma of the right lateral wall on the transitional zone of the anal canal measuring 1.7 x 1.3 x 1 cm in a 40-year-old woman.
  • A pedicle does not exclude the endoscopic diagnosis of lymphangioma.
  • Lymphangioma must be included in the differential diagnosis of polypoid lesions of the anal canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphangioma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adult. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Rectal Fistula / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18577114.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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77. Kobayashi H, Ueno H, Hashiguchi Y, Ishiguro M, Omata J, Kajiwara Y, Shimazaki H, Mochizuki H: T1 neuroendocrine carcinoma of anal canal after transanal resection for intramucosal adenocarcinoma. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2006 May;36(5):325-8
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  • [Title] T1 neuroendocrine carcinoma of anal canal after transanal resection for intramucosal adenocarcinoma.
  • Neuroendocrine carcinomas of the anal canal are rare, representing 1% of malignant tumors of the anal canal.
  • We describe the case of a 63-year-old female with T1 neuroendocrine carcinoma of the anal canal arising from the site of a previous transanal excision performed 13 months earlier for intramucosal adenocarcinoma of the anal canal.
  • In this case, it is likely that the neuroendocrine tumor, which infiltrated into the submucosal layer with venous invasion, had developed over the intervening 13 months following the original transanal excision of the adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Anal Canal / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / etiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 16702164.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2811
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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78. Yokoyama Y, Nishimura Y, Yatsuoka T, Sakamoto H, Tanaka Y, Nishimura Y, Kurosumi M: [A case of anal metastasis from sigmoid colon cancer in a long-term survivor who had repeated local excisions]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Nov;37(12):2585-7
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  • [Title] [A case of anal metastasis from sigmoid colon cancer in a long-term survivor who had repeated local excisions].
  • Histopathological examination revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, tub 2, SS, ly2, v2, N1, H0, P0, M0, Stage IIIa, cur A.
  • In March 2001, he complained of an anal bleeding and underwent colonoscopy.
  • It showed a submucosal tumor 15 mm in diameter at the anal canal and the biopsy indicated a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • Histopathological examination revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, which was the same histological type as primary sigmoid colon cancer, tub 2, A, ly2, v2, RM0.
  • The diagnosis of anal metastasis was made on the basis of three points.
  • First, tumor was covered with anal epithelium.
  • Thirdly, there were no findings of other primary anal cancer.
  • By removing anal canal metastases twice, inguinal lymph node metastases three times and lung metastases in each time, he survived for 11 years after a primary surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21224647.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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79. Shirouzu K, Ogata Y: Histopathologic tumor spread in very low rectal cancer treated with abdominoperineal resection. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Nov;52(11):1887-94
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  • PURPOSE: We have pathologically evaluated the tumor spread in low rectal cancer treated with abdominoperineal resection to clarify the potential indication of intersphincteric resection and other anus-preserving operations with external sphincter muscle resection.
  • We determined histopathologically any invasion or metastasis into the anal canal structures.
  • A logistic regression analysis showed that the Pb-cancer, any distant metastasis, and the tumor histology of mucinous carcinoma were each an independent significant risk factor to invasion beyond the internal sphincter muscle, whereas the Pb-cancer, the poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, and the mucinous carcinoma were each an independent significant risk factor to invasion into the intermuscular groove.
  • CONCLUSION: The anus-preserving operation with sphincter muscle resection was theoretically possible for low rectal cancer in patients who underwent abdominoperineal resection.
  • However, the procedure cannot be indicated for a tumor where the lowest edge is below the dentate line and where a preoperative biopsy shows a poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma or mucinous carcinoma, even if the intermuscular groove is macroscopically unaffected by the tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Digestive System Surgical Procedures / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19966638.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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80. Lee JS, Rieger NA, Stephens JH, Hewett PJ, Rodda DJ, Lawrence MJ: Six-year prospective analysis of the rectal bleeding clinic at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia. ANZ J Surg; 2007 Jul;77(7):553-6
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  • A total of 590 patients was referred for colonoscopy and of these, 27 were diagnosed with colorectal adenocarcinoma or squamous cell cancer of the anus.
  • CONCLUSION: Rectal bleeding clinics can facilitate early diagnosis of colorectal malignancy and can also provide a 'one-stop shop' for treating benign anorectal conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / complications. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Outpatient Clinics, Hospital
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anus Neoplasms / complications. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / complications. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Female. Humans. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Rectum. South Australia

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  • (PMID = 17610692.001).
  • [ISSN] 1445-1433
  • [Journal-full-title] ANZ journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ANZ J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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81. Anand BS, Verstovsek G, Cole G: Tubulovillous adenoma of anal canal: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Mar 21;12(11):1780-1
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  • [Title] Tubulovillous adenoma of anal canal: a case report.
  • Tumors arising from the anal canal are usually of epithelial origin and are mostly squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma.
  • We present a case of benign anal adenomas arising from the anus, an extremely rare diagnosis.
  • Examination revealed a 4 cm friable mass attached to the anus by a stalk.
  • The squamocolumnar junction was visible at the edges of the lesion confirming the anal origin of the tumor.
  • We believe the tubulovillus adenoma arose from either an anal gland or its duct that opens into the anus.
  • Although seen rarely, it is important to recognize and treat these tumors at an early stage because of their potential to transform into adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Villous / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Humans. Male

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  • [Cites] N Engl J Med. 1988 Sep 1;319(9):525-32 [2841597.001]
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  • (PMID = 16586552.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4124358
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82. Chen YW, Yen SH, Chen SY, Huang PI, Shiau CY, Liu YM, Lin JK, Wang LW: Anus-preservation treatment for anal cancer: retrospective analysis at a single institution. J Surg Oncol; 2007 Oct 1;96(5):374-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anus-preservation treatment for anal cancer: retrospective analysis at a single institution.
  • BACKGROUND: To evaluate anus-preservation treatment for anal cancer.
  • METHODS: Review of 42 patients (24 M/18 F; median age, 70 years; range, 13-95) with stage I-IIIB disease (squamous cell carcinoma [SqCC], 33; adenocarcinoma, 9) who received curative radiotherapy between 1991 and 2004.
  • The complete response rate was 67% (SqCC, 23/33; adenocarcinoma, 5/9); of 12 patients who failed treatment, primary tumor was the recurrent site in seven (median failure time, 5 months): six patients underwent salvage abdominoperineal resection.
  • Five-year functional anus-preservation rate was 64%.
  • CONCLUSION: With careful monitoring of toxicity, non-surgical anus-preservation treatment with good tumor control is feasible.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy

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  • [Copyright] 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc
  • (PMID = 17492635.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-4790
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Surg Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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83. Rousset P, Hoeffel C: [Tumors of the rectum: MRI and CT features]. J Radiol; 2007 Nov;88(11 Pt 1):1679-87
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / radiography. Adenoma, Villous / diagnosis. Adenoma, Villous / radiography. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / radiography. Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis. Carcinoid Tumor / radiography. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiography. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / radiography. Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis. Hemangioma, Cavernous / radiography. Humans. Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Leiomyoma / radiography. Lymphoma / diagnosis. Lymphoma / radiography. Male. Melanoma / diagnosis. Melanoma / radiography. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Rectum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18065927.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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84. Li LR, Wan DS, Pan ZZ, Zhou ZW, Chen G, Wu XJ, Lu ZH, Ding PR: [Clinical features and treatment of 49 patients with anal canal adenocarcinoma]. Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Sep;9(5):402-4
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  • [Title] [Clinical features and treatment of 49 patients with anal canal adenocarcinoma].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and treatment of anal canal adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: Clinical data of 49 patients with anal canal adenocarcinoma treated in our hospital from January 1965 to March 2002 were analyzed retrospectively.
  • Anal bleeding, tapering stool and anal lump were the most common symptoms.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Anal canal adenocarcinoma is a rare and fatal malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Anus Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anal Canal / pathology. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 17043960.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-0274
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wei chang wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of gastrointestinal surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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85. Yamauchi M, Okamoto Y, Doi M, Shinozaki K: [mFOLFOX6 for treatment of anal canal cancer with disseminated carcinomatosis of bone marrow--a case report]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Nov;37(11):2209-11
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  • [Title] [mFOLFOX6 for treatment of anal canal cancer with disseminated carcinomatosis of bone marrow--a case report].
  • There was a hard anal mass on rectal examination.
  • Colonoscopy and computed tomography showed anal adenocarcinoma, multiple metastases to lymph nodes and bones.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Anus Neoplasms / drug therapy. Bone Marrow Neoplasms / drug therapy. Carcinoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 21084829.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; Folfox protocol
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86. Aflalo-Hazan V, Rousset P, Mourra N, Lewin M, Azizi L, Hoeffel C: Tailgut cysts: MRI findings. Eur Radiol; 2008 Nov;18(11):2586-93
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  • Histological examination demonstrated 11 tailgut cysts (TGC), including one infected TGC and one TGC with a component of adenocarcinoma.
  • Lesions (3-8 cm in diameter) were exclusively or partly retrorectal in all cases but one, with an extension down the anal canal in five cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Diseases / diagnosis. Cysts / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods

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  • (PMID = 18566821.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1084
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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87. Zuo ZG, Song HY, Xu C, Li J, Ni SC, Chen SQ: [Combination of trans-anal intersphincteric resection and trans-abdominal total mesorectal excision for anus-retained ultra-low rectal tumors]. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Jul 1;47(13):988-91
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  • [Title] [Combination of trans-anal intersphincteric resection and trans-abdominal total mesorectal excision for anus-retained ultra-low rectal tumors].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the combination of trans-anal intersphincteric resection and transabdominal total mesorectal excision for anus-retained ultra-low rectal tumors.
  • METHODS: Clinical data of 34 ultra-low rectal tumor patients without external anal sphincter involved, who underwent the combination surgery, were retrospectively analyzed.
  • For pathological types, there were 23 cases of adenocarcinoma (9 well differentiated and 14 moderately differentiated), 1 papillary carcinoma, 2 rectal stromal tumor, 5 rectal villous adenoma with neoplasia and 3 giant villous adenoma.
  • Because of the dysfunction of bowel control, bowel frequency varied from 3 to 12 in the early stage after operation, but with the recovery of anus function, bowel frequency decreased and ranged form 1 to 5 times a day and the time of formed bowel control could be more than 5 min in 6-12 months after operation.
  • However, patients underwent total resection of internal anal sphincter still suffered from incontinence of loose stool after 1 year.
  • CONCLUSION: The combination of trans-anal ISR and trans-abdominal TME for anus-retained ultra low rectal tumor is not only coincident with radical tumor principle but also retains the function of anus, on the premise of the strict indication.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / surgery. Mesentery / surgery. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19957808.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5815
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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88. Fraser A, Haines SR, Stuart EC, Scandlyn MJ, Alexander A, Somers-Edgar TJ, Rosengren RJ: Deer velvet supplementation decreases the grade and metastasis of azoxymethane-induced colon cancer in the male rat. Food Chem Toxicol; 2010 May;48(5):1288-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • At necropsy, tumours were measured and the distance from the anus was recorded.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Colonic Neoplasms / drug therapy. Skin / chemistry. Tissue Extracts / pharmacology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20176070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-6351
  • [Journal-full-title] Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Food Chem. Toxicol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Tissue Extracts; MO0N1J0SEN / Azoxymethane
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89. Uronis HE, Bendell JC: Anal cancer: an overview. Oncologist; 2007 May;12(5):524-34
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  • [Title] Anal cancer: an overview.
  • Anal cancer is a rare tumor with an incidence that has been rising over the last 25 years.
  • HIV infection is also associated with anal cancer; there is a higher incidence in HIV-positive patients but the direct relationship between HIV and anal cancer has been difficult to separate from the prevalence of HPV in this population.
  • HIV infection is also associated with anal cancer; there are increasing numbers of HIV-positive patients being diagnosed with the disease.
  • Treatment of anal cancer prior to the 1970s involved abdominoperineal resection, but the standard of care is now concurrent chemoradiation therapy, with surgery reserved for those patients with residual disease.
  • We present a case of anal cancer followed by a general discussion of both risk factors and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma / therapy. HIV Infections / complications. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 17522240.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-7159
  • [Journal-full-title] The oncologist
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncologist
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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90. Fukumoto K, Suzuki S, Sakaguchi T, Morita Y, Oishi K, Suzuki A, Inaba K, Kamiya K, Miura K, Konno H: Adenocarcinoma arising from gastric duplication: a case report with literature review. Clin J Gastroenterol; 2008 Dec;1(4):148-152
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma arising from gastric duplication: a case report with literature review.
  • We report the case of a 50-year-old man with adenocarcinoma derived from gastric duplication.
  • Under the diagnosis of gastric duplication cysts, the oral cyst was removed with the gastric wall and the other cyst lesion firmly adhered to the bulbus was treated with distal gastrectomy.
  • Based on histological findings showing adenocarcinoma in the anal duplication cyst wall and regional lymph node metastases and cancer invasion into the duodenal stump, pancreatoduodenectomy was performed 9 days after the initial surgery.

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  • (PMID = 26193693.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-7257
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenocarcinoma / Alimentary tract duplication / Cancer development / Gastric duplication cyst
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91. Colvin M, Delis A, Bracamonte E, Villar H, Leon LR Jr: Infiltrating adenocarcinoma arising in a villous adenoma of the anal canal. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Jul 28;15(28):3560-4
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  • [Title] Infiltrating adenocarcinoma arising in a villous adenoma of the anal canal.
  • Primary neoplasms arising in the anal canal are relatively unusual.
  • We describe an infiltrating, well-differentiated adenocarcinoma arising in a villous adenoma from the distal anal canal, in an otherwise healthy patient at low risk for gastrointestinal malignancy.
  • Examination revealed a blood-covered pedunculated mass with a long stalk protruding from the anus.
  • Microscopic evaluation revealed an infiltrating well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, arising from a villous adenoma.
  • This was further evaluated under anesthesia and complete excision of distal anal tissue was performed.
  • Our report is the first describing the possible malignant degeneration of a villous adenoma in the anal canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenoma, Villous / pathology. Anal Canal / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19630115.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2715986
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92. Tjandra JJ, Kilkenny JW, Buie WD, Hyman N, Simmang C, Anthony T, Orsay C, Church J, Otchy D, Cohen J, Place R, Denstman F, Rakinic J, Moore R, Whiteford M, Standards Practice Task Force, American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons: Practice parameters for the management of rectal cancer (revised). Dis Colon Rectum; 2005 Mar;48(3):411-23
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  • The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons is dedicated to assuring high-quality patient care by advancing the science, prevention, and management of disorders and diseases of the colon, rectum, and anus.
  • This Committee was created to lead international efforts in defining quality care for conditions related to the colon, rectum, and anus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 15875292.001).
  • [ISSN] 0012-3706
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Guideline; Journal Article; Practice Guideline
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Hohenberger W, Merkel S, Weber K: [Lymphadenectomy with tumors of the lower gastrointestinal tract]. Chirurg; 2007 Mar;78(3):217-25
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / pathology. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / surgery. Humans. Intestines / pathology. Intestines / surgery. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymphatic Metastasis / pathology. Lymphoma / pathology. Lymphoma / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Neuroendocrine Tumors / pathology. Neuroendocrine Tumors / surgery. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 17333036.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-4722
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift fur alle Gebiete der operativen Medizen
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chirurg
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
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94. Yang BL, Gu YF, Shao WJ, Chen HJ, Sun GD, Jin HY, Zhu X: Retrorectal tumors in adults: magnetic resonance imaging findings. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Dec 14;16(46):5822-9
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  • Presence of intracystic intermediate signal intensity was observed in one case of tailgut cyst with a component of adenocarcinoma.
  • There was a fistula between the mass and anus with an internal opening in mucinous adenocarcinomas arising from anal fistula.

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  • (PMID = 21155003.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3001973
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95. Hussain SK, Sundquist J, Hemminki K: Familial clustering of cancer at human papillomavirus-associated sites according to the Swedish Family-Cancer Database. Int J Cancer; 2008 Apr 15;122(8):1873-8
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  • Offspring cancer risk was significantly increased when either a sibling or parent was affected at the same site for penile squamous cell carcinoma (SCC, SIR = 7.54), cervical adenocarcinoma (AC, SIR = 2.31), vulvar SCC (SIR = 2.27), skin SCC (SIR = 2.14), rectal AC (SIR = 1.86), in situ cervical SCC (SIR = 1.80), invasive cervical SCC (SIR = 1.77) and upper aerodigestive tract SCC (SIR = 1.57).
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adult. Aged. Anus Neoplasms / epidemiology. Carcinoma in Situ / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Cluster Analysis. Family. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Medical Record Linkage. Middle Aged. Mouth Neoplasms / epidemiology. Odds Ratio. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Papillomavirus Infections / virology. Pharyngeal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Registries. Sweden / epidemiology. Tonsillar Neoplasms / epidemiology. Tumor Virus Infections / complications. Tumor Virus Infections / virology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology. Vulvar Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18074353.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0215
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Nakagawa S, Amano M, Yamashita S, Nishikawa Y, Higaki N, Hayashida H, Niinobu T, Yoshioka Y, Sakon M: [A case of effective chemoradiation therapy against anal fistula carcinoma recurred 10 years after surgery]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2006 Nov;33(12):1977-9
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  • [Title] [A case of effective chemoradiation therapy against anal fistula carcinoma recurred 10 years after surgery].
  • A male in his eighties underwent abdominoperineal resection under the diagnosis of adenocarcinoma associated with anal fistula (P0, H0, n (-), A1, stage II, ly0, v0).
  • Biopsy specimen showed adenocarcinoma consisting of severe dysplastic cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Rectal Fistula / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17212165.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 1548R74NSZ / Tegafur; 56HH86ZVCT / Uracil; 1-UFT protocol
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97. Baatrup G, Pfeiffer P, Svolgaard B, Jensen HA: Resectability of rectal cancers still fixed after radio-chemotherapy: evaluation by digital rectal examination, MRI, and intraoperative examination. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2006 Jan;21(1):7-10
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  • Intraoperative bimanual rectal examination was performed with one finger through the anus and one hand in the rectovaginal/rectovesical fossa before resection was performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Colectomy / methods. Neoadjuvant Therapy. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 15968523.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
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98. Yumuk PF, Abacioglu U, Demir G, Cabuk D, Dane F, Gumus M, Ozguroglu M, Ekenel M, Basaran G, Turhal NS: Does the incidence of anal canal cancers differ in Moslem societies? Int J Colorectal Dis; 2005 Jan;20(1):76
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  • [Title] Does the incidence of anal canal cancers differ in Moslem societies?
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma / ethnology. Anus Neoplasms / epidemiology. Anus Neoplasms / ethnology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / ethnology. Hygiene. Islam. Registries / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 15293063.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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99. Léautaud A, Marcus C, Ben Salem D, Bouché O, Graesslin O, Hoeffel C: [Pelvic MRI at 3.0 Tesla]. J Radiol; 2009 Mar;90(3 Pt 1):277-86
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis. Genital Neoplasms, Female / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Artifacts. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Male. Rectal Fistula / diagnosis. Sensitivity and Specificity. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19421112.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 43
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100. Ota H, Yamazaki K, Endoh W, Hojo S, Fukunaga H, Yoshioka S, Okada Y, Okamoto S, Ueda N, Maeura Y: Adenocarcinoma arising below an ileoanal anastomosis after restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis: report of a case. Surg Today; 2007;37(7):596-9
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma arising below an ileoanal anastomosis after restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis: report of a case.
  • We report a case of adenocarcinoma developing in remnant rectal mucosa below a hand-sewn ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) after restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis (UC).
  • A 60-year-old man with a 13-year history of UC underwent proctocolectomy with a hand-sewn IPAA and mucosectomy for anal stenosis and serious tenesmic symptoms.
  • He was treated by abdominoperineal resection of the pouch and anus with total mesorectal excision.
  • Histopathological examination of the resected specimen confirmed the presence of a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma but there were no metastatic lymph nodes.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Colitis, Ulcerative / complications. Ileum / surgery. Proctocolectomy, Restorative / adverse effects. Rectum / surgery

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  • [Cites] Dis Colon Rectum. 2003 Oct;46(10):1418-23; discussion 1422-3 [14530685.001]
  • (PMID = 17593481.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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