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Items 1 to 100 of about 603
6. Nola M, Tomicic I, Dotlic S, Morovic A, Petrovecki M, Jukic S: Adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix -- prognostic significance of clinicopathologic parameters. Croat Med J; 2005 Jun;46(3):397-403
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix -- prognostic significance of clinicopathologic parameters.
  • AIM: To investigate prognostic significance of several clinicopathologic parameters in patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • CONCLUSION: Our data showed that in patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix the nuclear grade, clinical stage, and architectural grade of the tumor represent the most important prognostic parameters.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / mortality. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / mortality

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  • (PMID = 15861518.001).
  • [ISSN] 0353-9504
  • [Journal-full-title] Croatian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Croat. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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7. Bodner K, Laubichler P, Kimberger O, Czerwenka K, Zeillinger R, Bodner-Adler B: Oestrogen and progesterone receptor expression in patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix and correlation with various clinicopathological parameters. Anticancer Res; 2010 Apr;30(4):1341-5
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Oestrogen and progesterone receptor expression in patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix and correlation with various clinicopathological parameters.
  • OBJECTIVE: The expression of oestrogen and progesterone receptors in patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix was examined in order to determine their influence on prognosis and to evaluate the association between the steroid receptor expression and various clinicopathologic parameters.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Oestrogen and progesterone receptor expression was investigated by immunohistochemistry from paraffin-embedded tissue in 39 patients with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • CONCLUSION: Oestrogen and progesterone receptors were frequently expressed in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • Thus, the investigation of steroid receptors adds little additional information to the clinical management and fails to play a prognostic role in cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / biosynthesis. Receptors, Estrogen / biosynthesis. Receptors, Progesterone / biosynthesis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20530450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1791-7530
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone
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8. Luciani S, Bertoletti L, Vergnon JM: [Endoscopic treatment of endobronchial metastases from adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix]. Rev Mal Respir; 2010 Sep;27(7):759-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Endoscopic treatment of endobronchial metastases from adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix].
  • [Transliterated title] Traitement endoscopique de métastases endobronchiques d'un adénocarcinome du col utérin.
  • They are very rarely due to uterine cervical cancer.
  • CASE REPORT: We present the extraordinary case of a woman with endobronchial metastases from an adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • Pathological analysis of this tumour confirmed the diagnosis and found papilloma virus infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Bronchial Neoplasms / secondary. Bronchial Neoplasms / surgery. Bronchoscopy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 SPLF. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20863978.001).
  • [ISSN] 1776-2588
  • [Journal-full-title] Revue des maladies respiratoires
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Mal Respir
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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9. Takai N, Hayashita C, Nakamura S, Narahara H, Matsumoto H: Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix diagnosed during pregnancy. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2010;31(5):573-4
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix diagnosed during pregnancy.
  • Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma (VPA) is a very rare subtype of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix but a well recognized variant of cervical adenocarcinoma with a favorable prognosis generally occurring in women of child-bearing age.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


10. Yahata T, Nishino K, Kashima K, Sekine M, Fujita K, Sasagawa M, Honma S, Kodama S, Tanaka K: Conservative treatment of stage IA1 adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix with a long-term follow-up. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Aug;20(6):1063-6
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Conservative treatment of stage IA1 adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix with a long-term follow-up.
  • OBJECTIVES: The adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix tends to arise in women of childbearing age.
  • Conservative treatment by conization is an alternative to a hysterectomy that allows future pregnancy; however, much less is known about the management of adenocarcinoma because of its rarity and relatively short time frame of follow-up.
  • METHODS: All patients diagnosed to have FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage IA1 cervical adenocarcinoma between 1990 and 2004 with more than 5 years' follow-up at 2 institutions were reviewed.
  • All tumors were endocervical-type adenocarcinoma, and all tumors were grade 1.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although further studies on the management of microinvasive cervical adenocarcinoma are desirable, conization seems to be acceptable treatment modality for patients with stage IA1 cervical adenocarcinoma who desire to preserve their fertility.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Conization / methods. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20683418.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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11. Schmidt D, Horn LC, Kommoss F: [Histopathology of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix]. Pathologe; 2005 Jul;26(4):255-61
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Histopathology of squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix].
  • [Transliterated title] Histopathologie des Plattenepithelkarzinoms und des Adenokarzinoms der Cervix uteri.
  • The introduction of a screening programme for carcinoma of the cervix uteri has lead to a reduction in the number of invasive carcinomas and to a relative increase in the frequency of preinvasive cervical lesions.
  • The most frequent type of invasive cancer of the cervix is squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Adenocarcinomas are much more infrequent.
  • Among the various forms of adenocarcinoma, the mucinous subtype is the most frequent, either as endocervical or interstinal subtype.
  • Great concern in daily diagnosis causes the adenoma malignum (minimal deviation adenocarcinoma), since this type of adenocarcinoma demonstrates only minor cytological atypia and greatly resembles the different types of endocervical glandular hyperplasia.A report on a cervical carcinoma should always include the typing and grading of the tumor.
  • Immunohistochemical stains are often useful to distinguish the various types of primary cervical cancer and to distinguish these from metastatic lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15915328.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-8113
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Pathologe
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathologe
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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12. Pavelka JC, Bryant DA, Vaccarello L: Adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix with choriocarcinomatous metastasis. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 May;101(2):346-8
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix with choriocarcinomatous metastasis.
  • CASE: A 55 year old woman was diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the cervix, and incompletely treated with only external beam radiation.
  • CONCLUSION: Choriocarcinomatous dedifferentiation of cervical adenocarcinoma is extremely rare, with only one other case reported in the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Choriocarcinoma / secondary. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 16430947.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Fadare O, Zheng W: Well-differentiated papillary villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix with a focal high-grade component: is there a need for reassessment? Virchows Arch; 2005 Nov;447(5):883-7
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Well-differentiated papillary villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix with a focal high-grade component: is there a need for reassessment?
  • Well-differentiated villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix is characterized by an exophytic growth pattern with variably sized papillae that are lined by stratified columnar cells with no more than moderate cytologic atypia.
  • The case described herein is an otherwise prototypical well-differentiated villoglandular adenocarcinoma but which was associated with a 4.9-mm focus of poorly differentiated carcinoma at its invasive edge.
  • Our case suggests that well-differentiated villoglandular adenocarcinoma is not a diagnosis that should be unequivocally rendered on a small biopsy since other components may be present and the patients may be undertreated.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Chorionic Villi / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16088403.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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4. Rubesa-Mihaljević R, Vrdoljak-Mozetic D, Ostojić DV, Stemberger-Papić S, Sindik N, Krasević M: Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix with aggressive clinical course--a case report. Coll Antropol; 2010 Mar;34(1):291-4
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix with aggressive clinical course--a case report.
  • Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma (VGA) of cervix is an uncommon but well recognized histologic subtype of cervical adenocarcinoma which usually affects young women.
  • We present a case of a 22-year-old woman admitted at our Department for glandular abnormality on cervical smear and episodes of vaginal discharge.
  • In the Pap smear, the cytological features were suspicious but not diagnostic of adenocarcinoma, therefore reported as atypical glandular cells (AGC).
  • Cervical smears examination would be helpful for an early diagnosis of VGA, however the cytologic recognition is often difficult.
  • Further investigation of the pathogenesis, diagnosis and therapy of the tumor is needed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / secondary. Severity of Illness Index. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20437645.001).
  • [ISSN] 0350-6134
  • [Journal-full-title] Collegium antropologicum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Coll Antropol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
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15. Zereu M, Zettler CG, Cambruzzi E, Zelmanowicz A: Herpes simplex virus type 2 and Chlamydia trachomatis in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Gynecol Oncol; 2007 Apr;105(1):172-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Herpes simplex virus type 2 and Chlamydia trachomatis in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • INTRODUCTION: Adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix (AC) occurs in 15-20% of primary cervical neoplasias.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In our series HSV-2 DNA and CT DNA were not found to be integrated to the genome of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix and do not seem to be a co-factor for HPV on the etiology of this histologic subtype.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Chlamydia Infections / epidemiology. Chlamydia trachomatis / isolation & purification. Herpes Genitalis / epidemiology. Herpesvirus 2, Human / isolation & purification. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 17188342.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Bacterial; 0 / DNA, Viral
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16. Papastefanou I, Panagopoulos P, Samolis S, Karadaglis S, Katsoulis M: Minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix in a patient with a high-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesion: case report and review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2010;31(2):227-9
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix in a patient with a high-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesion: case report and review of the literature.
  • Minimal deviation cervical adenocarcinoma, otherwise known as adenoma malignum, is a rare and particularly well differentiated type of cervical adenocarcinoma, and is often misdiagnosed because of its benign-looking histological features.
  • Adenoma malignum represents only 1-3% of all cervical adenocarcinomas.
  • We present the case of a 55-year-old woman diagnosed as having microinvasive minimal deviation of the adenocarcinoma cervix, after conisation for a high-grade cervical squamous intraepithelial lesion.
  • The consequent cone biopsy because of CIN3, provided us with a definite diagnosis of adenoma malignum.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20527250.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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17. Shimada M, Kigawa J, Nishimura R, Hiura M, Hatae M, Takehara K, Sato A, Kurachi H, Mizunuma H, Sugiyama T: Comparison of the outcome between cervical adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma patients with adjuvant radiotherapy after radical surgery: SGSG/TGCU Intergroup Surveillance. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):5585

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comparison of the outcome between cervical adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma patients with adjuvant radiotherapy after radical surgery: SGSG/TGCU Intergroup Surveillance.
  • : 5585 Background: We conducted the present surveillance to clarify the significance of adjuvant radiotherapy and the cause of poor outcome of adenocarcinoma (AC).
  • METHODS: A total of 825 patients with FIGO stage Ib-IIb cervical cancer, who underwent type III radical hysterectomy in 10 institutes of SGSG/ TGCU Intergroup between April 1997 and March 2003, were enrolled in this study.

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  • (PMID = 27962392.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Monk B, Mas L, Zarba JJ, Oaknin A, Tarpin C, Termrungruanglert W, Alber JA, Ding J, Stutts NW, Pandite LN: A randomized phase II study: Pazopanib (P) versus lapatinib (L) versus combination of pazopanib/lapatinib (L+P) in advanced and recurrent cervical cancer (CC). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):5520

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A randomized phase II study: Pazopanib (P) versus lapatinib (L) versus combination of pazopanib/lapatinib (L+P) in advanced and recurrent cervical cancer (CC).
  • METHODS: Patients (pts) with measurable stage IVB, persistent or recurrent squamous or adenocarcinoma of the cervix not amenable to curative therapy; 0-1 prior regimens in the metastatic setting; ECOG PS 0-1; were randomized 1:1:1 to each of 3 treatment groups; not prescreened for EGFR or HER2 status.

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  • (PMID = 27962484.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Tsubamoto H, Wada R, Kanazawa R, Komori S, Maeda H, Hirota S, Adachi S: Neoadjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) using cisplatin with the combination of dose-dense intravenous administration of paclitaxel for the locally advanced cervical adenocarcinoma. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e16518

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Neoadjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) using cisplatin with the combination of dose-dense intravenous administration of paclitaxel for the locally advanced cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • : e16518 Background: Adenocarcinoma (including adenosquamous carcinoma) of the uterine cervix has a tendency to early lymph node metastasis and is resistant to radiation therapy, thus results in poor prognosis compared with squamous cell carcinoma.
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) followed by radical hysterectomy (RH) for bulky cervical adenocarcinoma seems to be an alternative therapy to primary radiation.
  • Eligible criteria were as follows: Histologically diagnosed cervical adeno or adenosquamous carcinoma with FIGO stage IB2-IVA, Age < or equal to 75, PS 0-2, given informed consent.
  • The NAC regimen consisted of paclitaxel (60mg/m2, iv, D1, D8, D15) and cisplatin (70 mg/m2, trans-uterine arterial infusion followed by embolization using the gelform, D2) repeated every 3 weeks for 2-3 cycles, followed by RH.
  • CONCLUSIONS: TACE with cisplatin and dose dense paclitaxel in the neoadjuvant setting is feasible and effective for cervical adenocarcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 27960760.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Reynolds EA, Tierney K, Keeney GL, Felix JC, Weaver AL, Roman LD, Cliby WA: Analysis of outcomes of microinvasive adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix by treatment type. Obstet Gynecol; 2010 Nov;116(5):1150-7
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Analysis of outcomes of microinvasive adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix by treatment type.
  • OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk of metastatic disease in microinvasive adenocarcinoma of the cervix in a large cohort.
  • One patient with stage IA1 cancer had micrometastasis to a pelvic lymph node.
  • CONCLUSION: The management of microinvasive adenocarcinoma remains controversial, and radical therapy is applied more frequently to microinvasive adenocarcinoma than microinvasive squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix.
  • Our data suggest that microinvasive adenocarcinoma is amenable to treatment with nonradical surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20966701.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-233X
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. de Carvalho CR, da Silva ID, Pereira JS, de Souza NC, Focchi GR, Ribalta JC: Polymorphisms of p53, GSTM1 and GSTT1, and HPV in uterine cervix adenocarcinoma. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2008;29(6):590-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Polymorphisms of p53, GSTM1 and GSTT1, and HPV in uterine cervix adenocarcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze the participation of glutathione-S-transferase (GST) M1 and T1 polymorphisms associated or not with protein p53 polymorphism at codon 72 and in the presence of HPV in the carcinogenesis of uterine cervix adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: Forty-three samples of uterine cervix adenocarcinoma were studied and 86 samples of endocervical cells of women without tumors formed the control group.
  • RESULTS: HPV was present in 97.67% of the adenocarcinoma cases and in 31.40% of the control group.
  • CONCLUSION: The presence of GSTT1*0 increased the risk for uterine cervix adenocarcinoma development while the allele GSTT1 had a protective action.
  • The other isoforms did not appear to participate in the carcinogenesis of uterine cervix adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Alphapapillomavirus / isolation & purification. Glutathione Transferase / genetics. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19115684.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.5.1.- / glutathione S-transferase T1; EC 2.5.1.18 / Glutathione Transferase; EC 2.5.1.18 / glutathione S-transferase M1
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22. Rittiluechai K, Buranawit K, Tanapat Y: The treatment outcome of adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix at Phramongkutklao Hospital. J Med Assoc Thai; 2010 Nov;93 Suppl 6:S13-21
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The treatment outcome of adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix at Phramongkutklao Hospital.
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine the survival rate of patients with adenocarcinoma of the cervix after completing treatment at Phramongkutklao Hospital.
  • MATERIAL AND METHOD: Retrospective review of medical records of 229 patients with adenocarcinoma of the cervix who had completed treatment at Phramongkutklao Hospital between October 1991 to September 2006.
  • RESULTS: Overall 2, 5 and 10-year survival for patients with adenocarcinoma of the cervix was 78.9%, 70.1% and 67.0%, respectively.
  • Five-year survival of patients with locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the cervix treated with concurrent chemoradiation was comparable to that of patients treated with radiation alone (64.0 vs. 62.4%).
  • CONCLUSION: Survival of patients with adenocarcinoma of the cervix shows a direct correlation with stage.
  • Adjuvant hysterectomy after radiation in adenocarcinoma of the cervix stage IIB and IIIB did not improve long-term survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 21280512.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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23. Tsai CC, Liu YS, Huang EY, Huang SC, Chang HW, Tseng CW, ChangChien CC: Value of preoperative serum CA125 in early-stage adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix without pelvic lymph node metastasis. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Mar;100(3):591-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Value of preoperative serum CA125 in early-stage adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix without pelvic lymph node metastasis.
  • OBJECTIVE: This investigation attempted to clarify the value of preoperative serum CA125 in predicting histopathological prognostic factors for early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma without lymph node metastasis.
  • METHODS: This study initially surveyed 163 patients with clinical stage Ib or IIa cervical adenocarcinoma treated with radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy.
  • Multivariate analysis revealed that among the preoperative clinicopathological variables, including age, tumor size, parametrial invasion, and CA125 level, raised CA125 most significantly influenced the assessment of the LVSI (P = 0.040) and depth of cervical stromal invasion (P = 0.002).
  • CONCLUSIONS: In early-stage cervical adenocarcinoma with negative pelvic lymph node metastasis, preoperative serum CA125 levels at the cutoff value of 26 U/ml impacted the determination of the poor histopathological prognostic factors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / blood. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / blood. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


24. Macdonald RD, Kirwan J, Hayat K, Herrington CS, Shawki H: Villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the cervix: clarity is needed on the histological definition for this difficult diagnosis. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Jan;100(1):192-4
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the cervix: clarity is needed on the histological definition for this difficult diagnosis.
  • BACKGROUND: Villoglandular adenocarcinoma (VGA) of the cervix is reported as a variant of a cervical adenocarcinoma with a good prognosis.
  • CASES: We present two cases histologically reported as a villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the cervix that have recurred and progressed rapidly since initial treatment.
  • External histopathological review suggested both had a prominent villoglandular pattern but with an associated underlying well-differentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of VGA is difficult.
  • Because of the rarity of VGA and the difficulty but importance of the diagnosis, we would feel that a central review of all cases of VGA is warranted.
  • This would assist in diagnosis and also in obtaining accurate follow-up data.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Female. Humans. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology


25. Abhishek A, Ouseph MM, Sharma P, Kamal V, Sharma M: Bulky scalp metastasis and superior sagittal sinus thrombosis from a cervical adenocarcinoma: an unusual case. J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol; 2008 Feb;52(1):91-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Bulky scalp metastasis and superior sagittal sinus thrombosis from a cervical adenocarcinoma: an unusual case.
  • Distant cutaneous metastases from cervical malignancies are uncommon, with scalp metastases being exceptional events.
  • We present the case of a 53-year-old postmenopausal lady with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix that metastasized to the scalp with superior sagittal sinus thrombosis 8 months after diagnosis.
  • In contrast to the seven prior cases of scalp metastases of cervical squamous cell carcinoma reported in published reports, ours is the first documentation of such an occurrence in cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / secondary. Scalp / pathology. Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial / etiology. Skin Neoplasms / secondary. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cervix Uteri / radiography. Cervix Uteri / surgery. Epilepsy, Tonic-Clonic / drug therapy. Epilepsy, Tonic-Clonic / etiology. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods


26. Jaidane M, Slama A, Bibi M: A tumor of an ectopic ureter mimicking uterine cervix adenocarcinoma: case report and brief review. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct; 2009 Nov;20(11):1393-5
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A tumor of an ectopic ureter mimicking uterine cervix adenocarcinoma: case report and brief review.
  • We report the first case of an adenocarcinoma arising in an ectopic ureter in a woman and mimicking uterine cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • On gynecological exam, there were two cervixes with a small nodule on the left cervix.
  • After nodule biopsy, the initial diagnosis was adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • Pelvic ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an ectopic tumoral ureter draining a dysplastic pelvic kidney and inserted in the cervix of a bicornuate uterus.
  • Pathological exam demonstrated an adenocarcinoma arising in the ectopic ureter.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Choristoma / diagnosis. Ureter. Uterine Cervical Diseases / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging


27. Seles S, Lang GE: [CAR syndrome (carcinoma-associated retinopathy syndrome) associated with an adenocarcinoma of the cervix]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd; 2005 Sep;222(9):736-9
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [CAR syndrome (carcinoma-associated retinopathy syndrome) associated with an adenocarcinoma of the cervix].
  • [Transliterated title] CAR-Syndrom (carcinoma-associated retinopathy syndrome) assoziiert mit einem Adenokarzinom der Zervix.
  • Due to the patient's report about a resection of an adenocarcinoma of the cervix in June 2002, she was diagnosed as having CAR syndrome.
  • One has to take into consideration that visual dysfunction can appear before the primary cancer is diagnosed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Paraneoplastic Polyneuropathy / diagnosis. Retinitis Pigmentosa / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uveitis, Intermediate / diagnosis. Vision Disorders / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16175485.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Monbl Augenheilkd
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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28. Pradhan D, Pattnaik K, Pahi J, Mohanty P, Satpathy S, Behuria S: Adenoid cystic carcinoma in the uterine cervix: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2010 Sep-Oct;54(5 Suppl):1039-42
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenoid cystic carcinoma in the uterine cervix: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Adenoid cystic carcinoma, a variant of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix, is an extremely rare neoplasm.
  • This report describes a case of primary adenoid cystic carcinoma of the uterine cervix and includes the cytopathologic and histopathologic findings.
  • Speculum examination showed a firm mass in the uterine cervix.
  • The diagnosis of adenoid cystic carcinoma was confirmed by the histopathologic examination of the biopsy specimen as well as the excised specimen, which characteristically revealed the presence of a cribriform pattern of the tumor cells.
  • CONCLUSION: We reported a case of a rare and unusual variant of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix by considering the characteristic cytologic features of the globules of pale, translucent material surrounded by halos of cells in cribriform adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Cervix Uteri / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21053595.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Yamauchi N, Sameshima H, Osato K, Fukushima K, Sato Y, Ikenoue T: Carcinomatous meningitis from adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a case report and literature review. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2010 Apr;36(2):444-7
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Carcinomatous meningitis from adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a case report and literature review.
  • Carcinomatous meningitis from uterine cervix-related malignancies is a rare complication.
  • We found only eight cases of meningeal metastasis from primary cervical carcinoma in the English-language medical literature.
  • Thus, the clinical signs and methods for diagnosis are of great importance.
  • A 47-year-old Japanese woman had a stage IIIb uterine cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • We performed a lumbar puncture, which demonstrated adenocarcinoma cells compatible with metastases from the primary cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • This rare complication occurs in the advanced stage of cervical cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Meningeal Carcinomatosis / secondary. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20492405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1447-0756
  • [Journal-full-title] The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Obstet. Gynaecol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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30. Swartz RJ, West LA, Boiko I, Malpica A, Guillaud M, Macaulay C, Follen M, Atkinson EN, Cox DD: Classification using the cumulative log-odds in the quantitative pathologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Dec;99(3 Suppl 1):S24-31
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Classification using the cumulative log-odds in the quantitative pathologic diagnosis of adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • The method was tested using data from cervical adenocarcinomas, adenocarcinoma in situ, and normal columnar tissue.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Logistic Models. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


31. Yabushita H, Kanyama K, Sekiya R, Noguchi M, Wakatsuki A: Clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in a 17-year-old adolescent. Int J Clin Oncol; 2008 Dec;13(6):552-4
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in a 17-year-old adolescent.
  • This report describes the case of the youngest Japanese person to be diagnosed with endocervical clearcell adenocarcinoma.
  • A cervical tumor was discovered, and the patient was referred to our outpatient department.
  • Vaginal examination showed a bleeding tumor approximately 1.5 cm in size protruding from the cervical os.
  • The cytological finding of the uterine cervix was positive for malignancy, and the histological diagnosis by punch biopsy was clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • Macroscopic findings showed a tumor, 1.5 cm in diameter, growing from the right side of the uterine cervix.
  • The pathological diagnosis was clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the cervix (PT1b1NR0M0).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19093185.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-9625
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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32. Andersson S, Hellström AC, Angström T, Stendahl U, Auer G, Wallin KL: The clinicopathologic significance of laminin-5 gamma2 chain expression in cervical squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2005 Nov-Dec;15(6):1065-72
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The clinicopathologic significance of laminin-5 gamma2 chain expression in cervical squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
  • Carcinoma of the uterine cervix is one of the most prevalent malignancies among women in developing countries and the third most common type worldwide.
  • Squamous cell carcinoma predominates in the cervix uteri, while adenocarcinoma and adenosquamous carcinomas represent about 10-15% of all cervical cancers.
  • Many studies have confirmed that the human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most important etiologic factor in the development of cervical cancer.
  • The aim of our study was to investigate the expression of the laminin-5 gamma2 chain in primary malignancies of the cervix uteri and to focus on the clinicopathologic significance of the expression of the laminin-5 gamma2 chain in cervical squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma with respect to age and survival of the patients.
  • The study consisted of a total of 89 cases of invasive cervical cancer (54 squamous carcinomas and 35 adenocarcinomas).
  • The laminin-5 gamma2 chain was found in 80% of all the squamous carcinoma and in 66% of cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • The univariate analysis in squamous cell carcinoma showed that factors such as the stage of the disease and positive lymph nodes had an impact on the survival of the patients, whereas in the multivariate analysis, only age at diagnosis was an independent prognostic factor.
  • However, in cases with cervical adenocarcinoma, only the stage of the disease was an independent prognostic factor.
  • Our results indicate that the majority of the primary cervical tumors, especially squamous cell carcinoma, showed expression of laminin-5 gamma2 chain immunoreactivity.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Laminin / biosynthesis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16343183.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / LAMC2 protein, human; 0 / Laminin
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33. Poujade O, Morice P, Rouzier R, Madelenat P, Lecuru F, Muray JM, Mathevet P, Alran S, Salmon RJ, Reyal F: Pathologic response rate after concomitant neo-adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy for adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a retrospective multicentric study. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Jul;20(5):815-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pathologic response rate after concomitant neo-adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy for adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a retrospective multicentric study.
  • INTRODUCTION: Exclusive chemoradiotherapy (including brachytherapy) is the current standard of care for locoregionally advanced cervical cancer.
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the responsiveness and to identify factors predicting the response to concomitant chemoradiotherapy before surgery in cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • A total of 54 women with cervical adenocarcinoma stage IB2 to IIIB who had undergone concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by surgical treatment were included.
  • RESULTS: The median (SD) age at diagnosis was 44.2 (12.4) years (range, 19.3-77 years).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Identification of predictive markers associated with incomplete response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in cervical adenocarcinoma may prove clinically useful and implement an individualized treatment plan.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Gynecologic Surgical Procedures. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20606528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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34. Yao JF, Zhou CY, Wei LF, Wang SY, Shi YF: [Expression of aquaporin-8 and bcl-2 protein in human cervical carcinoma and their correlations]. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Mar;43(3):205-8
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Expression of aquaporin-8 and bcl-2 protein in human cervical carcinoma and their correlations].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of aquaporin-8 (AQP8) and apoptosis associated bcl-2 protein in human cervical carcinoma and their relationship.
  • METHODS: The expression of AQP8 and bcl-2 protein in 74 cases of cervical carcinoma (46 cases of squamous-cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix, 28 cases of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix), 34 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and 15 cases of normal cervices were detected by immunohistochemical technique, and their clinical significance were analyzed.
  • RESULTS: The expression of AQP8 and bcl-2 protein were detected in intracytoplasm of atypia cells in CIN, squamous-cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • The positive rates of AQP8 and bcl-2 in squamous-cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, CIN and normal cervical epithelium were 98%, 74%; 61%, 71%; 71%, 53% ; 53%, 20% respectively.
  • There were significant differences between squamous-cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix and other groups in AQP8 (P < 0.01), but no significant differences were found in any other groups.
  • There were significant differences between squamous-cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix and CIN or normal cervical epithelium in bcl-2, so were between adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • The expression of AQP8 was positively correlated with bcl-2 in human cervical carcinoma( r(s) = 0.463, P = 0.000).
  • CONCLUSIONS: There is a close relationship between high expression of AQP8 and development of human cervical carcinoma.
  • The expression of AQP8 protein is positively correlated with bcl-2 protein in human cervical carcinoma.
  • AQP8 protein may have anti-apoptosis function, although the detailed mechanism in human cervical carcinoma remains to be clarified.
  • [MeSH-major] Aquaporins / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adult. Aged. Cervix Uteri / metabolism. Cervix Uteri / pathology. Down-Regulation. Female. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging

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  • (PMID = 18788571.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-567X
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua fu chan ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aquaporins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / aquaporin 8
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35. O'Connell F, Cibas ES: Cytologic features of ciliated adenocarcinoma of the cervix: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2005 Mar-Apr;49(2):187-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytologic features of ciliated adenocarcinoma of the cervix: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Ciliation is a normal finding in the endometrium, fallopian tubes and cervix.
  • Because cilia are characteristically lost when malignant tumors arise at these sites, the detection of cilia on light microscopy is frequently used to support a benign diagnosis.
  • CASE: A woman with a histologically confirmed ciliated adenocarcinoma of the cervix had prior liquid-based cervical cytology showing atypical, ciliated glandular cells that initially raised the diagnostic consideration of tubal metaplasia.
  • A concurrent biopsy, however, revealed focally ciliated adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • CONCLUSION: Awareness of the ciliated variant of adenocarcinoma of the cervix is important to avoid overreliance on ciliation as a definitive feature of benignity in cervical cytologic specimens.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Cervix Uteri / pathology. Epithelial Cells / pathology. Mullerian Ducts / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cilia / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Diethylstilbestrol / adverse effects. Female. Humans. Pregnancy. Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects. Vaginal Smears


36. Koo YJ, Lee JE, Hong SR, Kwon YS: Co-occurrence of an adenoma malignum and an endocervical-type adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in a woman with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome. J Gynecol Oncol; 2010 Sep;21(3):203-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Co-occurrence of an adenoma malignum and an endocervical-type adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in a woman with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.
  • We report a rare co-occurrence of an adenoma malignum and an adenocarcinoma in a 30-year-old woman with Peutz-Jeghers syndrome.
  • A pelvic examination and an MRI revealed the co-occurrence of a 4×5 cm protruding adenocarcinoma of FIGO stage Ib2 based on a punch biopsy and a 4.5×5.7 cm multilocular cystic mass above the solid cancer.
  • Pathologic findings were consistent with adenocarcinoma (40%) and adenoma malignum (60%) confined to the cervix.
  • This study will contribute to defining the best diagnosis and treatment for these rare complicating tumors.

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  • (PMID = 20922146.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gynecol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2948231
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenocarcinoma / Adenoma malignum / Peutz-Jeghers syndrome
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37. Togami S, Nomoto M, Higashi M, Goto M, Yonezawa S, Tsuji T, Batra SK, Douchi T: Expression of mucin antigens (MUC1 and MUC16) as a prognostic factor for mucinous adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. J Obstet Gynaecol Res; 2010 Jun;36(3):588-97
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of mucin antigens (MUC1 and MUC16) as a prognostic factor for mucinous adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • AIM: Only limited data are available regarding mucin antigen expression in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • METHODS: Fifty-two patients with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the endocervical type were enrolled for making clear implication of the mucin antigens.
  • RESULTS: The majority of mucinous adenocarcinoma showed overexpression of MUC1 and MUC16.
  • In cases classified as FIGO stage Ib (n = 35), after adjusting for patient age at diagnosis and stratifying by histological grade, MUC1 and/or MUC 16 overexpression was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (hazard ratio [HR] = 6.16, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.01-118.5, P < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: The expressions of MUC1 and/or MUC16 may be available as independent prognostic factors for the endocervical type of mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. CA-125 Antigen / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Mucin-1 / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


38. Niibe Y, Kenjo M, Onishi H, Ogawa Y, Kazumoto T, Ogino I, Tsujino K, Harima Y, Takahashi T, Anbai A, Tsuchida E, Toita T, Takemoto M, Yamashita H, Hayakawa K: High-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy combined with external beam radiotherapy for stage IIIb adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in Japan: a multi-institutional study of Japanese Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2006-2007 (study of JASTRO 2006-2007). Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2010 Aug;40(8):795-9
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy combined with external beam radiotherapy for stage IIIb adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in Japan: a multi-institutional study of Japanese Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology 2006-2007 (study of JASTRO 2006-2007).
  • OBJECTIVE: The current study was a retrospective questionnaire survey of stage IIIb adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix treated with high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy combined with external beam radiation therapy in Japan aimed to investigate the optimal dose on the basis of the biological effective dose and prognostic factors.
  • METHODS: Between 1990 and 2000, 61 patients with stage IIIb adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix underwent high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy combined with external beam radiation therapy in 19 major hospitals in Japan.
  • Fifty had only adenocarcinoma components and 11 had adenosquamous cell carcinoma components.
  • Stratified by histopathology, the 5-year overall survival rate was 22.1% for adenocarcinoma and 13.6% for adenosquamous cell carcinoma (P = 0.43).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The 5-year overall survival rate of stage IIIb adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix in this retrospective questionnaire survey was 20.2%.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Brachytherapy / methods. Carcinoma, Adenosquamous / radiotherapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 20444747.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3621
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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39. Hereter L, Tresserra F, Graupera B, Pascual MA, Martinez MA, Ubeda A: Three-dimensional power Doppler color ultrasonographic features of a minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2010;31(3):336-8
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Three-dimensional power Doppler color ultrasonographic features of a minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • A case of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix in a 34-year-old female is presented.
  • The ultrasonographic and three-dimensional power Doppler color studies revealed a nodular cervical lesion with vascularization more prominent in the center of the nodule but also present at the periphery.
  • The imaging diagnosis was suggestive of a myoma but with more vascularization than a conventional one.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / ultrasonography. Imaging, Three-Dimensional / methods. Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color / methods. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / ultrasonography


40. Kasamatsu T, Onda T, Sasajima Y, Kato T, Ikeda S, Ishikawa M, Tsuda H: Prognostic significance of positive peritoneal cytology in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Gynecol Oncol; 2009 Dec;115(3):488-92
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic significance of positive peritoneal cytology in adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • OBJECTIVE: A retrospective analysis was carried out to evaluate the prognostic significance of peritoneal cytology in cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: The records of 107 patients with FIGO stage IB to IIB cervical adenocarcinoma who underwent hysterectomy were reviewed.
  • Cox model analysis revealed positive cytology [hazards ratio (HR) 6.27, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.13-18.41], positive lymph node (HR 6.20, 95% CI 1.87-20.57), ovarian metastasis (HR 5.20, 95% CI 1.18-22.82), and histological grade (HR 5.97, 95% CI 2.00-17.78) to be independent adverse risk factors for survival among the factors analyzed (lymph node status, lymph-vascular space invasion, tumor size, depth in cervical wall, pathological parametrial involvement, infiltration to vagina, ovarian metastasis, and histological grade).
  • CONCLUSION: The presence of positive peritoneal cytology appears to be an independent prognostic risk factor in patients with cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Peritoneal Cavity / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19767067.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Lee HB, Lee YS, Lee KH, Kim CJ, Park JS: A case of advanced gynecologic pelvic tumors showing the diagnostic utility of HPV analysis. J Gynecol Oncol; 2009 Dec;20(4):251-3

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  • This may lead to difficulties in determining the origin of the cancer and to distinguish a synchronous neoplasm from a metastatic cancer in advanced cases.
  • Recently, we treated a 59-year-old patient with adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix, endometrium, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
  • It was difficult to determine whether the cancer was a single origin metastatic cancer or a synchronous neoplasm.
  • The patient was finally diagnosed with metastatic cancer that originated from the uterine cervix by human papillomavirus (HPV) test.

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  • [Cites] Am J Surg Pathol. 2005 Mar;29(3):281-94 [15725796.001]
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  • (PMID = 20041104.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-0399
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Gynecol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2799026
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Cervical adenocarcinoma / Human papillomavirus / Metastatic cancer / Synchronous neoplasm
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42. Yap OW, Hendrickson MR, Teng NN, Kapp DS: Mesonephric adenocarcinoma of the cervix: a case report and review of the literature. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Dec;103(3):1155-8
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mesonephric adenocarcinoma of the cervix: a case report and review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Malignant mesonephric tumor arising in the uterine cervix is an exceedingly uncommon variant of cervical adenocarcinoma with only 30 well-documented cases in the literature.
  • CASE: We present a case of a 54-year-old woman with postmenopausal vaginal bleeding who was found to have a stage IB mesonephric adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • CONCLUSION: At present there is no consensus on a standardized treatment protocol for malignant mesonephric tumors of the cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Mesonephroma / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged


43. Giordano G, D'Adda T, Gnetti L, Merisio C, Gabrielli M, Melpignano M: Villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the cervix: two new cases with morphological and molecular study. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2007 Apr;26(2):199-204
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  • [Title] Villoglandular adenocarcinoma of the cervix: two new cases with morphological and molecular study.
  • In this paper, we report 2 new cases of villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma (VGPA) of the cervix, a rare, well-differentiated form of cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • Morphological criteria for a correct pathological diagnosis were emphasized.
  • Behavioral cofactors, such as HSV infection (types 1 and 2), oral contraceptive use and smoking, involved in the pathogenesis of other cervical malignancies, can be excluded for the present cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antibodies, Neoplasm / metabolism. CA-125 Antigen / metabolism. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / metabolism. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / metabolism. DNA, Viral / genetics. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Human papillomavirus 16 / genetics. Humans. Keratin-7 / metabolism. Middle Aged. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Papillomavirus Infections / genetics


44. Piketty M, Barranger E, Najat M, François P, Daraï E: Ovarian recurrence after radical trachelectomy for adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2005 Oct;193(4):1382-3
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Ovarian recurrence after radical trachelectomy for adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • Radical trachelectomy is an effective fertility-sparing treatment for women with early-stage cervical cancer.
  • We describe the first reported ovarian recurrence after radical trachelectomy for stage IB1 adenocarcinoma cervical cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Cervix Uteri / surgery. Neoplasms, Second Primary. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery. Uterus / surgery

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  • [CommentIn] Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007 Feb;196(2):e22; author reply e22-3 [16959199.001]
  • (PMID = 16202730.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Detournay B, Granados-Canal D, El-Hasnaouil A: [Assessing the incidence of papillomavirus infections in France]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2009 Feb;37(2):125-30
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  • [Transliterated title] Estimation de l'incidence des infections à papillomavirus en France.
  • High-risk oncogenic human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) are strongly associated with squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia / epidemiology. Papillomavirus Infections / epidemiology. Papillomavirus Vaccines / administration & dosage. Uterine Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19196534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1297-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynécologie, obstétrique & fertilité
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol Obstet Fertil
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Papillomavirus Vaccines
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46. Shintaku M, Kushima R, Abiko K: Colloid carcinoma of the intestinal type in the uterine cervix: mucin immunohistochemistry. Pathol Int; 2010 Feb;60(2):119-24
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  • [Title] Colloid carcinoma of the intestinal type in the uterine cervix: mucin immunohistochemistry.
  • A case of colloid carcinoma (gelatinous carcinoma) of the intestinal type in the uterine cervix is reported along with the findings of an immunohistochemical study of intracytoplasmic mucus of the neoplastic cells.
  • The patient was a 69-year-old woman with a circumferential uterine cervical tumor measuring about 4 cm.
  • Colloid carcinoma is a very rare variant of mucus-producing adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix and probably a heterogeneous group that consists of neoplasms of different histogeneses, that is, neoplasms of endocervical, gastric, and intestinal origins.
  • Results of the immunohistochemical studies in the present case showed that neoplastic cells produced mucus of the large intestine type, thus verifying the presence of a distinct subtype of colloid carcinoma of the cervix that shows the intestinal phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Mucin-2 / biosynthesis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20398197.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / MUC2 protein, human; 0 / MUC5AC protein, human; 0 / MUC6 protein, human; 0 / Mucin 5AC; 0 / Mucin-2; 0 / Mucin-6
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47. Faried LS, Faried A, Kanuma T, Aoki H, Sano T, Nakazato T, Tamura T, Kuwano H, Minegishi T: Expression of an activated mammalian target of rapamycin in adenocarcinoma of the cervix: A potential biomarker and molecular target therapy. Mol Carcinog; 2008 Jun;47(6):446-57
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  • [Title] Expression of an activated mammalian target of rapamycin in adenocarcinoma of the cervix: A potential biomarker and molecular target therapy.
  • Alterations of the Akt/mTOR pathway have been observed in numerous types of cancer, thus this pathway represents an exciting new target for molecular therapeutics.
  • We investigated the expression of activated Akt (p-Akt) and mTOR (p-mTOR) in patients with adenocarcinoma of the cervix and the involvement of the p-Akt/p-mTOR pathway in response to combination of inhibitor agents, rapamycin and LY294002, with conventional therapy, cisplatin, in vitro.
  • Immunohistochemistry analysis of p-Akt and p-mTOR was conducted in 26 patients with adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • Western blot analysis was performed to determine the protein expression involved in response to chemotherapy in cervical cancer cell lines.
  • The results showed that p-Akt and p-mTOR were identified in 50% and 53.8% of adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • Overall, the expression of p-mTOR is a significant prognostic marker of adenocarcinoma of the cervix and a potential molecular target for the treatment of cervical cancer.
  • Inhibition of the mTOR pathway contributes to cisplatin-induced apoptosis in cervical cancer cell lines.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Protein Kinases / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18058806.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2744
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular carcinogenesis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Carcinog.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.7.- / Protein Kinases; EC 2.7.1.1 / MTOR protein, human; EC 2.7.1.1 / TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
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48. Chew GK, Cruickshank ME, Rooney PH, Miller ID, Parkin DE, Murray GI: Human papillomavirus 16 infection in adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Br J Cancer; 2005 Nov 28;93(11):1301-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Human papillomavirus 16 infection in adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • The impact of the success of organised cervical screening programme results in a steady decline of the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix but a concomitant increase in the incidence of the less common histological subtypes, particularly adenocarcinoma of the cervix (ACC).
  • Although Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is believed to be a necessary cause of cervical cancer, its role in the pathogenesis of ACC is not well established.
  • In this study, the cervical adenocarcinoma cells of a 10-year cohort of women diagnosed with ACC were dissected using the PixCell II Laser Microdissecting System to detect the HPV 16 genome sequence using the real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction to confirm the presence of HPV DNA within ACC cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / virology. Human papillomavirus 16 / genetics. Human papillomavirus 16 / pathogenicity. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology

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  • [Cites] J Gen Virol. 1999 Jul;80 ( Pt 7):1725-33 [10423141.001]
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  • (PMID = 16265348.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2361519
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49. Ahrens WA, Barrón-Rodriguez LP, McKee M, Rivkees S, Reyes-Múgica M: Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the cervix in a child without in utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol: a case report and review of the literature. Pediatr Dev Pathol; 2005 Nov-Dec;8(6):690-5
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  • [Title] Clear cell adenocarcinoma of the cervix in a child without in utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol: a case report and review of the literature.
  • We describe the case of a primary cervical tumor in a 6-year-old child that was originally suspected to be an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma botryoides.
  • Histologic analysis revealed a clear cell adenocarcinoma.
  • Clear cell adenocarcinoma is an extremely rare neoplasm that should be kept in the differential diagnosis of cervicovaginal lesions in children, even in the absence of a clinical history of in utero diethylstilbestrol exposure.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Diethylstilbestrol / adverse effects. Estrogens, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Pregnancy. Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects. Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16222478.001).
  • [ISSN] 1093-5266
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric and developmental pathology : the official journal of the Society for Pediatric Pathology and the Paediatric Pathology Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Dev. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Estrogens, Non-Steroidal; 731DCA35BT / Diethylstilbestrol
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50. Song SH, Lee JK, Saw HS, Choi SY, Koo BH, Kim A, Yeom BW, Kim I: Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome with multiple genital tract tumors and breast cancer: a case report with a review of literatures. J Korean Med Sci; 2006 Aug;21(4):752-7
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome with multiple genital tract tumors and breast cancer: a case report with a review of literatures.
  • Her previous medical history was PJS and breast cancer.
  • An ovarian sex cord tumor with annular tubules was incidentally diagnosed together with a minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix and mucinous metaplasia of both the Fallopian tubal mucosa and the endometrium.
  • The clinical significance of the multiple genital tract tumors and breast cancer associated with PJS is reviewed.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Peutz-Jeghers Syndrome / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adult. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / complications. Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast / pathology. Endometrium / pathology. Fallopian Tubes / pathology. Female. Humans. Korea. Metaplasia. Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors / complications. Sex Cord-Gonadal Stromal Tumors / pathology


51. Brebi M P, Ili G CG, López M J, García M P, Melo A A, Montenegro H S, Leal R P, Guzmán G P, Roa S JC: [Detection and genotyping of human papillomavirus in biopsies of uterine cervical adenocarcinoma]. Rev Med Chil; 2009 Mar;137(3):377-82
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Detection and genotyping of human papillomavirus in biopsies of uterine cervical adenocarcinoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Detección y tipificación de virus papiloma humano en adenocarcinoma de cuello uterino mediante reverse line blot, Región de La Araucanía, Chile.
  • BACKGROUND: The genotyping of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) will improve knowledge about the local epidemiological association of this virus with adenocarcinoma.
  • AIM: To determine the frequency of HPV genotypes in biopsies of women with uterine cervical adenocarcinoma in a geographic region of Chile.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-one cervical biopsies with a pathological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma, corresponding to all women diagnosed with this cancer between 2002 and 2004, were analyzed.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In this sample of biopsies, there was a high prevelence of HPV 16 and a low prevalence of HPV 18, which historically has been related to adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / virology. Alphapapillomavirus / genetics. Cervix Uteri / virology. Papillomavirus Infections. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 19621179.001).
  • [ISSN] 0034-9887
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista médica de Chile
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chil
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Chile
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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52. Kojima A, Mikami Y, Sudo T, Yamaguchi S, Kusanagi Y, Ito M, Nishimura R: Gastric morphology and immunophenotype predict poor outcome in mucinous adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 May;31(5):664-72
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Gastric morphology and immunophenotype predict poor outcome in mucinous adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • Endocervical-type mucinous adenocarcinoma (ECA) of the uterine cervix is defined as a tumor composed of cells resembling those of the endocervical glands, but recent studies have demonstrated that a minority of ECAs displays a gastric immunophenotype.
  • Fifty-three cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix (37 FIGO stage IB, 4 stage IIA, and 12 stage IIB) were reviewed and reevaluated using a newly established morphologic criteria for distinguishing gastric type adenocarcinoma, which was defined as a tumor showing clear and/or pale eosinophilic and voluminous cytoplasm, with distinct cell borders.
  • Following the current World Health Organization scheme (2003), 47 tumors (89%) were classified as ECA, 1 (2%) as intestinal type, 1 (2%) as mixed endocervical and intestinal type, and 4 (8%) as minimal deviation adenocarcinoma.
  • Twelve of 47 (26%) ECAs and all 4 minimal deviation adenocarcinomas, reclassified as gastric type using the novel criteria, were frequently positive for HIK1083 with a rate of 75% (12/16), whereas only 11% (4/37) of nongastric tumors were positive.
  • Patients with gastric-type adenocarcinomas had a significantly decreased 5-year disease-specific survival rate (30 vs. 77%; P<0.0001), and the gastric type morphology was related to a significant risk for disease recurrence compared with the nongastric type (P=0.001; HR, 4.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-14.2).
  • Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix with gastric immunophenotype can be a distinct morphologic variant showing an aggressive clinical course.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Gastric Mucosa / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17460448.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Gastric Mucins
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53. Kato K, Suzuka K, Osaki T, Itami M, Tanaka N: Primary hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2007 Sep-Oct;17(5):1150-4
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

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  • [Title] Primary hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • Hepatoid adenocarcinoma is characterized histologically by neoplastic epithelial cells that resemble hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and produce alpha-fetoprotein (AFP).
  • We describe a case of hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the uterus that, unlike any other previously reported case, was strictly confined to the cervix.
  • A cervical biopsy demonstrated poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, and hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy were subsequently performed.
  • Histologically, the lesion consisted of solid sheets of hepatoid cells accompanied with areas of endometroid adenocarcinoma.
  • The tumor cells showed strong and diffuse cytoplasmic immunoreactivity with AFP in both medullary and adenocarcinoma components.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of primary hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology. Liver Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17367323.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / alpha-Fetoproteins
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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54. Ferchichi L, Rammeh-Rommani S, Ben Hammouda S, Sfar R, Farah F, Ben Jilani S, Zermani R: [Endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix associated with mucinous ovarian cystadenocarcinoma]. Gynecol Obstet Fertil; 2006 May;34(5):410-2
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  • [Title] [Endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix associated with mucinous ovarian cystadenocarcinoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Association d'un adénocarcinome du col de type endométrioïde à un cystadénocarcinome mucineux de l'ovaire.
  • The pathologic findings of the hysterectomy specimen with bilateral salpingoophorectomy showed an ovarian mucinous cystadenocarcinoma associated with an endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • In the literature, this tumor had been found in association with endocervical adenocarcinoma or with minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (adenoma malignum) of the uterine cervix.
  • However, its association with an endometrioid adenocarcinoma, to our knowledge, has not been reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy


55. Korach J, Machtinger R, Perri T, Vicus D, Segal J, Fridman E, Ben-Baruch G: Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a diagnostic challenge. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand; 2009;88(3):355-8
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  • [Title] Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a diagnostic challenge.
  • Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma (VGA) is a rare subtype of cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • The aim of our study was to evaluate the reliability of histological assessment for pre-treatment diagnosis of VGA.
  • Median age at diagnosis was 38.8 years (range 27-65).
  • The final histological report on the remaining three patients was invasive cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • We conclude that pre-treatment diagnosis should not be based solely on a simple punch biopsy because of its low rate of diagnostic accuracy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Cervix Uteri / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


56. Kang S, Kim MH, Park IA, Kim JW, Park NH, Kang D, Yoo KY, Kang SB, Lee HP, Song YS: Elevation of cyclooxygenase-2 is related to lymph node metastasis in adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix. Cancer Lett; 2006 Jun 18;237(2):305-11
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  • [Title] Elevation of cyclooxygenase-2 is related to lymph node metastasis in adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix.
  • In a previous study, we demonstrated that elevation of COX-2 is significantly associated with lymph node metastasis in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of cervix.
  • The main objective of this study is to characterize the relationship between elevation of COX-2 and its possible clinical role in adenocarcinoma (AC) of cervix.
  • Using immunohistochemistry, we examined COX-2 expression levels in 84 patients with AC of uterine cervix [71 ACs, 13 adenosquamous carcinomas (ASCs)].
  • The present study shows that elevation of COX-2 may contribute to lymph node metastasis in AC of uterine cervix.
  • This suggests that the potential therapeutic role of COX-2 inhibitors should be validated, not only in SCC, but also in AC of uterine cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Cyclooxygenase 2 / biosynthesis. Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


57. Bray F, Carstensen B, Møller H, Zappa M, Zakelj MP, Lawrence G, Hakama M, Weiderpass E: Incidence trends of adenocarcinoma of the cervix in 13 European countries. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev; 2005 Sep;14(9):2191-9
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  • [Title] Incidence trends of adenocarcinoma of the cervix in 13 European countries.
  • Rapid increases in cervical adenocarcinoma incidence have been observed in Western countries in recent decades.
  • Postulated explanations include an increasing specificity of subtype-the capability to diagnose the disease, an inability of cytologic screening to reduce adenocarcinoma, and heterogeneity in cofactors related to persistent human papillomavirus infection.
  • Age-period-cohort models were fitted to cervical adenocarcinoma incidence trends in women ages <75 in 13 European countries.
  • Age-adjusted adenocarcinoma incidence rates increased throughout Europe, the rate of increase ranging from around 0.5% per annum in Denmark, Sweden, and Switzerland to >/=3% in Finland, Slovakia, and Slovenia.
  • Whereas increasing specificity of subtype with time may be responsible for some of the increases in several countries, the changing distribution and prevalence of persistent infection with high-risk human papillomavirus types, alongside an inability to detect cervical adenocarcinoma within screening programs, would accord with the temporal profile observed in Europe.
  • The homogeneity of trends in adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma in birth cohort is consistent with the notion that they share a similar etiology irrespective of the differential capability of screen detection.
  • Screening may have had at least some impact in reducing cervical adenocarcinoma incidence in several countries during the 1990s.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16172231.001).
  • [ISSN] 1055-9965
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Simionescu C, Georgescu CV, Mărgăritescu C, Niculescu M: Diagnosis problems in a case of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Rom J Morphol Embryol; 2006;47(3):245-9
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  • [Title] Diagnosis problems in a case of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • We present the diagnostic problems in a case of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • The aspect suggested the diagnosis of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma endocervical type; in order to confirm the diagnosis we immunohistochemical investigate the tumor for CEA, CA125, Ki67, ER and PR.
  • We can conclude that all these markers are useful in the diagnosis, excluding the benign endocervical lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis


59. Sozen I, Small L, Kowalski M, Mayo SW, Hurwitz CA: Adenocarcinoma of the cervix metastatic from a colon primary and diagnosed from a routine pap smear in a 17-year-old woman: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2005 Oct;50(10):793-5
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of the cervix metastatic from a colon primary and diagnosed from a routine pap smear in a 17-year-old woman: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Carcinoma metastatic to the uterine cervix is very rare.
  • The Pap smear and cervical biopsy of a 1.5-cm lesion were positive for adenocarcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this was the youngest patient in the literature with colon cancer metastatic to the cervix.
  • This case focuses attention on the diagnostic challenge posed by an incidental finding of a cervical adenocarcinoma in the presence of an asymptomatic primary tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Papanicolaou Test. Sigmoid Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / secondary. Vaginal Smears


60. Ceballos KM, Shaw D, Daya D: Microinvasive cervical adenocarcinoma (FIGO stage 1A tumors): results of surgical staging and outcome analysis. Am J Surg Pathol; 2006 Mar;30(3):370-4
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  • [Title] Microinvasive cervical adenocarcinoma (FIGO stage 1A tumors): results of surgical staging and outcome analysis.
  • Although studies suggest that microinvasive cervical adenocarcinoma has an excellent prognosis, none has reported treatment-related complications and many have lacked detailed measurement criteria.
  • Our study looks at the rate of lymph node metastases and outcome, including complications, in patients with FIGO 1A1 and 1A2 adenocarcinomas of the cervix.
  • One patient died of metastatic ovarian carcinoma 82 months after her diagnosis of cervical carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Neoplasm Staging. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16538058.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Niibe Y, Hayakawa K, Kanai T, Tsunoda S, Arai M, Jobo T, Kuramoto H, Unno N: Optimal dose for stage IIIB adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix on the basis of biological effective dose. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2006;27(1):47-9
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

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  • [Title] Optimal dose for stage IIIB adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix on the basis of biological effective dose.
  • PURPOSE: Prognosis of uterine cervical adenocarcinoma in locally advanced stage treated with radiation therapy has been considered to be much worse than that of squamous cell carcinoma because the optimal dose for the former one has not been determined.
  • Thus, the current study was performed to investigate the optimal dose for Stage IIIB, locally advanced stage, adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix on the basis of the biological effective dose (BED).
  • METHODS: One-hundred and seventy-nine patients with Stage IIIB carcinoma of the uterine cervix were treated with curative intended therapy at Kitasato University Hospital between 1976 and 2000.
  • Out of them, 13 patients had an adenocarcinoma component in pathological findings.
  • Nine patients were diagnosed with adenocarcinoma and four patients were diagnosed with adenosquamous cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: The current study suggested that the optimal dose for Stage IIIB adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix might be T-BED10 > or = 100 Gy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, High-Energy / methods. Salvage Therapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 16550968.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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62. McCluggage WG, Shah R, Connolly LE, McBride HA: Intestinal-type cervical adenocarcinoma in situ and adenocarcinoma exhibit a partial enteric immunophenotype with consistent expression of CDX2. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2008 Jan;27(1):92-100
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  • [Title] Intestinal-type cervical adenocarcinoma in situ and adenocarcinoma exhibit a partial enteric immunophenotype with consistent expression of CDX2.
  • Most cases of cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) and adenocarcinoma are of the usual or endocervical type.
  • However, intestinal types of AIS and adenocarcinoma exist.
  • With an intestinal-type adenocarcinoma in the cervix, the question may arise as to whether one is dealing with a primary cervical neoplasm or direct or secondary spread from an intestinal adenocarcinoma.
  • In organs such as the ovary, urinary bladder, esophagus, and gallbladder, intestinal-type glandular epithelium often expresses enteric markers, but this has hardly been studied in the cervix.
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether intestinal-type AIS and adenocarcinoma in the cervix express enteric markers and to ascertain whether these antibodies are of value in the distinction from a metastatic intestinal adenocarcinoma.
  • We compared the immunophenotype of these lesions with that of usual-type AIS and adenocarcinomain the cervix.
  • Cases included were AIS of usual type (n = 6), primary cervical adenocarcinoma of usual type (n = 6), AIS of intestinal type (n = 21), primary cervical adenocarcinoma of intestinal type (n = 3), primary cervical adenocarcinoma with signet ring cells (n = 2), and colorectal adenocarcinoma involving the cervix (n = 5).
  • All usual cervical adenocarcinomas were diffusely CK7 and p16 positive, and all were immunoreactive with CEA.
  • The 3 cases of primary cervical intestinal-type adenocarcinoma were diffusely CK7 positive, focally or diffusely positive with CK20 and CDX2, and focally positive with CEA.
  • The foci of signet ring cells in the 2 primary cervical adenocarcinomas were diffusely CK7 and p16 positive and negative with CK20 and CDX2.
  • Colorectal adenocarcinomas involving the cervix were typically diffusely positive with CK20, CEA, and CDX2; negative with CK7; and negative or focally positive with p16.
  • Intestinal types of cervical AIS and adenocarcinoma exhibit a partial enteric immunophenotype, usually with diffuse expression of CDX2 and, in some cases, staining with CK20.
  • Although there is immunophenotypic overlap, focal staining with CK20 together with diffuse CK7 and sometimes p16 positivity helps to distinguish intestinal types of cervical adenocarcinoma from involvement by a colorectal adenocarcinoma; CEA and CDX2 are of no value in this regard.
  • Using a set of cases of AIS diagnosed in a single institution over a 7-year period (77 usual type; 13 intestinal type), intestinal type was more likely to be associated with early invasive adenocarcinoma than usual type (31% vs 17%), suggesting that intestinal differentiation may be a risk factor for invasion in premalignant cervical glandular lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Homeodomain Proteins / biosynthesis. Intestinal Neoplasms / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / biosynthesis. Carcinoma in Situ / metabolism. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / biosynthesis. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Immunophenotyping. Keratin-20 / biosynthesis. Keratin-7 / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 18156982.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-1691
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDX2 protein, human; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7
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63. Missaoui N, Hmissa S, Frappart L, Trabelsi A, Ben Abdelkader A, Traore C, Mokni M, Yaacoubi MT, Korbi S: p16INK4A overexpression and HPV infection in uterine cervix adenocarcinoma. Virchows Arch; 2006 May;448(5):597-603
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  • [Title] p16INK4A overexpression and HPV infection in uterine cervix adenocarcinoma.
  • Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are causally involved in the genesis of cervical carcinomas and their precursors, and there is a strong relationship between the cyclin-dependant kinase inhibitor p16INK4A and HPV infection.
  • This study was carried out to assess the correlations between p16INK4A expression as an early biomarker of the endocervical adenocarcinoma and HPV infection. p16INK4A expression and HPV typing were performed on 46 samples including 5 normal endocervix, 9 benign lesions of the endocervix, 25 endocervical adenocarcinomas, and 7 endometrioid adenocarcinomas of the uterine corpus.
  • All of the 25 endocervical adenocarcinomas overexpressed p16INK4A; the adjacent epithelium and the connective tissue were strictly negative.
  • Few endometrioid adenocarcinomas of the uterine corpus that infiltrate the endocervix exhibited a low immunoreactivity (score 0/15 or 1/15).
  • Our results suggest that p16INK4A is a putative molecular biomarker that consistently discriminates uterine cervix adenocarcinomas from benign lesions and from endometrioid adenocarcinomas of the uterine corpus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / virology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 / biosynthesis. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Tumor Virus Infections / complications. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 16496173.001).
  • [ISSN] 0945-6317
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16
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64. Li G, Jiang W, Gui S, Xu C: Minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Int J Gynaecol Obstet; 2010 Aug;110(2):89-92
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  • [Title] Minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • BACKGROUND: Precise preoperative diagnosis of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) of the uterine cervix is often difficult because the histological features of MDA closely resemble those of normal cervical glands.
  • OBJECTIVE: To review the developments in the diagnosis and treatment of MDA over the past 35 years.
  • SEARCH STRATEGY: We performed a meta-analysis of all case reports published in the English and Chinese languages between 1975 and 2009 that included a histopathologic diagnosis of MDA.
  • RESULTS: The histopathologic diagnosis of MDA remains difficult and is currently based on antigen detection by immunohistochemistry.
  • Cross-sectional imaging techniques are helpful but a deep cervical biopsy or cervical conization is necessary for a definitive diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis and treatment are key to improving prognosis and survival in patients with MDA.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Conization. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Cervix Uteri / cytology. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry


65. Yahata T, Numata M, Kashima K, Sekine M, Fujita K, Yamamoto T, Tanaka K: Conservative treatment of stage IA1 adenocarcinoma of the cervix during pregnancy. Gynecol Oncol; 2008 Apr;109(1):49-52
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  • [Title] Conservative treatment of stage IA1 adenocarcinoma of the cervix during pregnancy.
  • OBJECTIVE: The incidence of glandular neoplasms of the uterine cervix has been steadily increasing over the past 2 decades.
  • Few reports have described the treatment of glandular neoplasms of the cervix in gravid women.
  • This report describes the preliminary results of treating stage IA1 cervical adenocarcinoma by cervical conization during pregnancy.
  • METHODS: All patients diagnosed to have FIGO stage IA1 cervical adenocarcinoma between 1990 and 2006 were reviewed and patients diagnosed during pregnancy were identified.
  • RESULTS: Sixteen patients with stage IA1 cervical adenocarcinoma were identified.
  • The histology showed that all of the tumors were endocervical type adenocarcinoma.
  • Two patients had positive conization margins for invasive cancer and underwent a second conization at 20 weeks' gestation and 5 weeks after delivery, respectively.
  • One patient was treated with cervical conization alone and 3 patients were treated with an extended radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymph nodes dissection after delivery.
  • No patient had residual invasive cancer in a subsequent surgical specimen.
  • CONCLUSION: These preliminary data suggest that patients with FIGO stage IA1 cervical adenocarcinoma may be treated conservatively by cervical conization during pregnancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / surgery. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery


66. Mabuchi S, Matsumoto Y, Morii E, Morishige K, Kimura T: The first 2 cases of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor producing adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2010 Sep;29(5):483-7
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  • [Title] The first 2 cases of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor producing adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • We report the first 2 cases of G-CSF-producing cervical adenocarcinomas, which exhibited an aggressive clinical course.
  • At initial diagnosis, both patients exhibited marked leukocytosis without an obvious sign of infections.
  • These cases strongly indicate the aggressive nature of the G-CSF-producing cervical adenocarcinomas.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / biosynthesis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20736776.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
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67. Hao H, Tsujimoto M, Tsubamoto H, Komori S, Hirota S: Immunohistochemical phenotype of the urinary bladder endocervicosis: comparison with normal endocervix and well-differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix. Pathol Int; 2010 Jul;60(7):528-32
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical phenotype of the urinary bladder endocervicosis: comparison with normal endocervix and well-differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix.
  • Immunohistochemical phenotype of these glands was compared with three normal uterine endocervices and two cases of well-differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • On the other hand, only glands of well-differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma expressed human gastric mucin and showed high proliferative index of Ki-67.
  • Furthermore, diffuse distribution of estrogen and progesterone receptors, lack of human gastric mucin and low proliferative activity were distinct features for endocervicosis compared to well-differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervix Uteri. Choristoma / pathology. Urinary Bladder Diseases / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adult. Cesarean Section. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Phenotype. Pregnancy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


68. McCluggage WG, Hurrell DP, Kennedy K: Metastatic carcinomas in the cervix mimicking primary cervical adenocarcinoma and adenocarcinoma in situ: report of a series of cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 May;34(5):735-41
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  • [Title] Metastatic carcinomas in the cervix mimicking primary cervical adenocarcinoma and adenocarcinoma in situ: report of a series of cases.
  • Metastatic tumors within the cervix are uncommon if one excludes endometrial carcinoma, which involves the cervix by direct spread.
  • A variety of other neoplasms rarely metastasize to the cervix and, in most cases, the diagnosis is straightforward because of a combination of clinical and pathologic parameters, common features of metastatic carcinoma within the cervix including predominant involvement of the deep stroma, absence of surface involvement and of an in situ component, and prominent lymphovascular permeation.
  • We describe 6 cases of metastatic adenocarcinoma involving the cervix with superficial "mucosal" involvement mimicking primary cervical adenocarcinoma or adenocarcinoma in situ.
  • In 5 cases, the primary adenocarcinoma was in the ovary or peritoneum and was of serous (4 cases) or clear-cell (1 case) type.
  • In the other case, the primary neoplasm was in the pancreas and this was initially interpreted as a primary cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • In the cases of primary ovarian or peritoneal carcinoma, the mucosal tumor within the cervix, which was discovered at the same time as the ovarian or peritoneal neoplasm, raised the possibility of synchronous independent lesions or metastasis from the cervix to the ovary or peritoneum.
  • Positive staining for WT1, p53, and estrogen receptor in the cases of serous carcinoma and an absence of human papillomavirus by linear array genotyping in all cases was of value in excluding a primary cervical neoplasm, although these ancillary studies are supplementary to microscopic examination.
  • In those cases with an ovarian or peritoneal primary, the likely pathogenesis of the cervical involvement is transtubal and intrauterine spread.
  • It is important for the pathologist to be aware of the possibility of cervical mucosal metastasis to avoid an erroneous diagnosis of a primary cervical adenocarcinoma or adenocarcinoma in situ.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma in Situ / diagnosis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Middle Aged


69. Rabban JT, McAlhany S, Lerwill MF, Grenert JP, Zaloudek CJ: PAX2 distinguishes benign mesonephric and mullerian glandular lesions of the cervix from endocervical adenocarcinoma, including minimal deviation adenocarcinoma. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 Feb;34(2):137-46
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

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  • [Title] PAX2 distinguishes benign mesonephric and mullerian glandular lesions of the cervix from endocervical adenocarcinoma, including minimal deviation adenocarcinoma.
  • Mesonephric remnants of the cervix are vestiges of the embryonic mesonephric system which typically regresses during female development.
  • The differential diagnosis of exuberant mesonephric hyperplasia includes minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix, a tumor with deceptively bland morphology for which no reliable diagnostic biomarkers currently exist.
  • We hypothesized that PAX2 may also be expressed in mesonephric lesions of the cervix and may distinguish mesonephric hyperplasia from minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • We demonstrated that PAX2 was strongly and diffusely expressed in mesonephric remnants (6 of 6) and in mesonephric hyperplasia (18 of 18); however, no expression was noted in mesonephric adenocarcinoma (0 of 1).
  • PAX2 was expressed in normal endocervical glands (including tunnel clusters and Nabothian cysts) (86 of 86), lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia (5 of 5), tubal/tuboendometrioid metaplasia (8 of 8), and cervical endometriosis (13 of 14).
  • In contrast, only 2 cases of endocervical adenocarcinoma were positive for PAX2 [invasive adenocarcinoma of the minimal deviation type (0 of 5), usual type (1 of 22), and endometrioid type (1 of 1)].
  • Adjacent adenocarcinoma in situ, as well as cases of pure adenocarcinoma in situ (0 of 6), were also PAX2 negative.
  • PAX2 expression in the 2 positive endocervical adenocarcinomas was patchy and weak.
  • Most (11 of 15) stage II endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinomas lacked PAX2 expression but 1 of 10 grade 1 tumors and 3 of 5 grade 2 tumors did express PAX2.
  • These results suggest that PAX2 immunoreactivity may be useful to (1) distinguish mesonephric hyperplasia from minimal deviation adenocarcinoma, (2) to distinguish lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia from minimal deviation adenocarcinoma, and (3) to distinguish endocervical tubal metaplasia or cervical endometriosis from endocervical adenocarcinoma in situ.
  • Overall, a strong, diffuse nuclear PAX2 expression pattern in a cervical glandular proliferation predicts a benign diagnosis (positive predictive value 90%, negative predictive value 98%; P<0.001); however, PAX2 should not be interpreted in isolation from the architectural and cytologic features of the lesion as it may be expressed in some stage II endometrial adenocarcinomas involving the cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / diagnosis. Cervix Uteri / pathology. Mesonephros / pathology. Mullerian Ducts / pathology. PAX2 Transcription Factor / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor. Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Cell Nucleus / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hyperplasia / diagnosis. Hyperplasia / metabolism. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Neoplasm Staging. Precancerous Conditions / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20061933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-0979
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / PAX2 Transcription Factor; 0 / PAX2 protein, human
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70. Lin YW, Chung MT, Lai HC, De Yan M, Shih YL, Chang CC, Yu MH: Methylation analysis of SFRP genes family in cervical adenocarcinoma. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol; 2009 Dec;135(12):1665-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Methylation analysis of SFRP genes family in cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • Recently, we have shown that secreted frizzled-related proteins (SFRPs) are frequently methylated in cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).
  • Here, we want to further investigate the methylation status and function of SFRPs in adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix.
  • METHODS: The methylation status of SFRPs was assessed in 23 adenocarcinomas (AC), and 45 normal control swabs by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction and bisulfite sequencing.
  • Then, we used reexpression of SFRP5 in cervical cancer cell lines, HeLa3rd and CaSki, to study the role of SFRP5 in cervical adenocarcinoma by colony formation and invasion assays.
  • RESULTS: The frequency of SFRP genes promoter hypermethylation in adenocarcinoma of cervix samples was 52.2% (12/23), 82.6% (19/23), 65.2% (15/23), and 73.9% (17/23), for SFRP1, SFRP2, SFRP4, and SFRP5, respectively.
  • The frequency of SFRP1, SFRP2, SFRP4, and SFRP5 promoter methylation in adenocarcinoma was significantly higher than in normal control samples (P < 0.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that promoter hypermethylation of SFRPs is associated with cervical adenocarcinoma, which could be used for molecular screening of cervical adenocarcinoma in the future.
  • Moreover, SFRP5 inhibits cervical tumorigenesis through interfering Wnt pathway in vitro.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. DNA Methylation. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19513747.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1335
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Eye Proteins; 0 / Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / SFRP1 protein, human; 0 / SFRP5 protein, human
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76. Bulk S, Berkhof J, Bulkmans NW, Zielinski GD, Rozendaal L, van Kemenade FJ, Snijders PJ, Meijer CJ: Preferential risk of HPV16 for squamous cell carcinoma and of HPV18 for adenocarcinoma of the cervix compared to women with normal cytology in The Netherlands. Br J Cancer; 2006 Jan 16;94(1):171-5
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  • [Title] Preferential risk of HPV16 for squamous cell carcinoma and of HPV18 for adenocarcinoma of the cervix compared to women with normal cytology in The Netherlands.
  • We present the type-distribution of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) types in women with normal cytology (n=1467), adenocarcinoma in situ (ACIS) (n=61), adenocarcinoma (n=70), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (n=83).
  • Cervical adenocarcinoma and ACIS were significantly more frequently associated with HPV18 (OR(MH) 15.0; 95% CI 8.6-26.1 and 21.8; 95% CI 11.9-39.8, respectively) than normal cytology.
  • Human papillomavirus16 was only associated with adenocarcinoma and ACIS after exclusion of HPV18-positive cases (OR(MH) 6.6; 95% CI 2.8-16.0 and 9.4; 95% CI 2.8-31.2, respectively).
  • These results suggest that HPV18 is mainly a risk factor for the development of adenocarcinoma whereas HPV16 is associated with both SCC and adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Adenocarcinoma / virology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / etiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / etiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 16404371.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2361088
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77. Hashi A, Yuminamochi T, Xu JY, Kondo T, Katoh R, Hoshi K: Intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusion is a significant diagnostic feature for the differentiation of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia from minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Diagn Cytopathol; 2008 Aug;36(8):535-44
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  • [Title] Intranuclear cytoplasmic inclusion is a significant diagnostic feature for the differentiation of lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia from minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • Lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia (LEGH) is a cervical lesion with pyloric gland metaplasia.
  • Minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDA) is an extremely well differentiated form of endocervical adenocarcinoma (AC).
  • We reviewed 24 cases of LEGH (18 pure and six mixed forms) and four MDA cases of the cervix.
  • Abundant yellow mucin was frequently present in both LEGH and MDA; however, an INCI was found in 22 of the 24 LEGH cases and it was not found in either MDA or adenocarcinoma cells associated with LEGH.
  • The presence of an INCI is a good parameter for the diagnosis of LEGH.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Cytoplasm / pathology. Intranuclear Inclusion Bodies / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cervix Uteri. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hyperplasia. Middle Aged


78. Dugalic V, Gojnic M, Brankovic M, Stojanovic I, Ser F, Zizic V: Bone metastasis arising from a polyp of the cervix as the first symptom in generalized multi-organ adenocarcinoma. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2010;31(5):593-5
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  • [Title] Bone metastasis arising from a polyp of the cervix as the first symptom in generalized multi-organ adenocarcinoma.
  • After two vaginal deliveries without any reported difficulties, the patient had no intermenstrual bleeding, postcoital bleeding, leucorrhea or hypermenorrhea, abnormal vaginal bleeding, or postmenstrual bleeding, except during the past five-year period when a polyp-like change in the cervix was found.
  • During Werthaim-Meigs surgery, four positive glandules and cervical adenocarcinoma Stage II were found.
  • Unfortunately, considering the changes in the tissue of the colon and cervix, we considered the condition to be "generalized" adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


79. Falcón O, García R, Lubrano A, Morín JC, Andujar M: Successful term delivery following conservative management for villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: A case report. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Apr;101(1):168-71
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  • [Title] Successful term delivery following conservative management for villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: A case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma (VPA) is a rare subtype of adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / surgery. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16325894.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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80. Goto K, Takeuchi Y, Yakihara A, Kotsuji F: Synchronous invasive squamous cell carcinoma and clear cell adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a different human papillomavirus status. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Jun;97(3):976-9
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

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  • [Title] Synchronous invasive squamous cell carcinoma and clear cell adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a different human papillomavirus status.
  • BACKGROUND: A multiple primary invasive carcinoma of the cervix is a rare condition and is seldom composed of squamous cell carcinoma and clear cell adenocarcinoma.
  • The anterior lip of the cervix revealed a 2.0-cm protruded mass.
  • Radical hysterectomy was performed on the diagnosis of stage 1B cervical cancer.
  • Histological examination of the specimen manifested a coexisting invasive clear cell adenocarcinoma in the endocervix.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) 18 was detected in the squamous cell carcinoma; however, no HPV was detected in the clear cell adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / virology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / virology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / virology. Papillomaviridae. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / virology

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  • (PMID = 15896829.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. González-Bosquet E, Suñol M, Morante D, Gomez Latre M, Callejo J, Lailla JM: Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a case report and literature review. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2009;30(2):211-3
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a case report and literature review.
  • Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma is an infrequent form of well differentiated cervical papillary adenocarcinoma that has recently been described.
  • It usually affects young women and is distinguished from other adenocarcinomas by its generally good prognosis, since it infrequently invades the lymphovascular space.
  • We present a case of villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma in a 28-year-old woman presenting risk factors for developing it: use of oral contraceptives, tobacco use, and infection with human papillomavirus types 16 and 33.
  • The presentation of this case provides an opportunity to review the literature on the diagnosis and treatment of villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma, and the factors that may influence the prognosis of women diagnosed with this histological type of cervical cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 19480259.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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82. Lee KB, Lee JM, Park CY, Lee KB, Cho HY, Ha SY: What is the difference between squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the cervix? A matched case-control study. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jul-Aug;16(4):1569-73
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  • [Title] What is the difference between squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the cervix? A matched case-control study.
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy of treatment strategies in patients with adenocarcinoma (AC) of the cervix and compare it with those with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / therapy. Adult. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Case-Control Studies. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease-Free Survival. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. Endometrial Neoplasms / therapy. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Neoplasm Staging. Retrospective Studies. Stromal Cells / pathology. Survival Rate


83. Pak SC, Martens M, Bekkers R, Crandon AJ, Land R, Nicklin JL, Perrin LC, Obermair A: Pap smear screening history of women with squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol; 2007 Dec;47(6):504-7
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  • [Title] Pap smear screening history of women with squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of the Pap smear screening, the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) has decreased significantly, but the incidence of adenocarcinoma (AC) relative to SCC has increased.
  • AIM: To compare the Pap smear history of patients with AC and SCC of the cervix.
  • METHODS: Patients for the study were identified from the database of Queensland Centre for Gynaecological Cancer.
  • Patients with AC and SCC were matched for age at diagnosis and International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage.
  • Data were collected upon the histological type of cancer, result of the most recent Pap smear, date and result of the Pap smear prior to the most recent Pap smear and symptoms.
  • The time between the most recent Pap smear and the diagnosis of cervical cancer was significantly shorter for patients with AC (P=0.01).
  • Thus, Pap smear prior to a diagnosis of AC is more likely than SCC false-negative and therefore not indicative of cervical cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Papanicolaou Test. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology. Vaginal Smears / utilization


84. Peregrin-Alvarez I, Akl MN, Morrow CP, Magrina JF: Metastatic and recurrent adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a long-term survival of 16 years. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2010;31(3):333-5
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

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  • [Title] Metastatic and recurrent adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix: a long-term survival of 16 years.
  • PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION: Recurrent metastatic adenocarcinoma of the cervix is associated with an extremely poor prognosis.
  • CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 43-year-old patient with Stage IB adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • CONCLUSION: We conclude that long-term multi-modal salvage treatment may achieve longer survival in rare cases with recurrent metastatic adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 21077482.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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85. Hirschowitz L, Sen C, Murdoch J: Primary endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the cervix with widespread squamous metaplasia--a potential diagnostic pitfall. Diagn Pathol; 2007;2:40

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  • [Title] Primary endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the cervix with widespread squamous metaplasia--a potential diagnostic pitfall.
  • BACKGROUND: Uterine or endocervical biopsies that contain endometrioid adenocarcinoma with widespread squamous metaplasia are usually of endometrial origin.
  • The presence of squamous metaplasia is said to be helpful in distinguishing endocervical from endometrial adenocarcinomas in small biopsy samples.
  • Biopsy of a friable lesion in the proximal endocervical canal revealed an endocervical adenocarcinoma of endometrioid type with widespread squamous metaplasia.
  • The latter feature initially raised the possible diagnosis of a primary endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • However, immunohistochemical marker studies indicated a diagnosis of primary endocervical adenocarcinoma of endometrioid type and this was confirmed at hysterectomy.
  • CONCLUSION: Squamous differentiation is not well documented in endocervical adenocarcinomas of endometrioid type and, when widespread, may represent a diagnostic pitfall for pathologists.

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  • (PMID = 17961245.001).
  • [ISSN] 1746-1596
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2116996
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86. Pianzola HM, Ottino A: ["Glassy - cell" like adenocarcinoma: a new variant of gastric tumor]. Acta Gastroenterol Latinoam; 2006 Dec;36(4):205-10
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  • [Title] ["Glassy - cell" like adenocarcinoma: a new variant of gastric tumor].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenocarcinoma de tipo glassy - cell: una nueva variante de tumor gástrico.
  • Most gastric malignancies correspond histologically to adenocarcinomas, either of the intestinal or diffuse type, other tumoral varieties being much less frequent.
  • We report a case of a malignant epithelial tumor, whose histological and cytological characteristics correspond to an unusual, although well defined entity, which may appear in the cervix and less frequently in the endometrium, known as adenocarcinoma of the glassy - cell variety.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Gastrectomy. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17225449.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-9033
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Gastroenterol. Latinoam.
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Argentina
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87. Chang J, Zhang S, Zhou H, Liang JX, Lin ZQ: [Clinical analysis of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix: a report of five cases]. Ai Zheng; 2008 Dec;27(12):1310-4
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  • [Title] [Clinical analysis of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma of the cervix: a report of five cases].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The minimal deviation adeno-carcinoma (MDA) of the cervix is a rare disease.
  • This study was to evaluate clinicopathologic features, diagnosis, and treatment of MDA.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Diagnosis of MDA mainly depends on its clinical manifestations and the pathological feature that MDA glands are located deeper than the lower level of normal endocervical glands.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / therapy


88. Petersson F, Michal M: Minute alveolar soft part sarcoma of the endocervix: the smallest ever published case. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol; 2009 Dec;17(6):553-6
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a distinctive mesenchymal tumor of uncertain histogenesis, which is exceedingly rare in the uterine cervix.
  • Because of its seemingly much better prognosis, it is important in routine practice to distinguish ASPS from adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • This is facilitated by the awareness that ASPS can occur in this location and if there is doubt about the diagnosis on routinely stained sections, the appropriate immunohistochemical study should be performed.
  • Owing to the small number of published ASPSs in the cervix, the optimal treatment strategy has yet to be determined.

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  • (PMID = 19620840.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4058
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology : AIMM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors; 0 / MyoD Protein; 0 / MyoD1 myogenic differentiation protein; 0 / TFE3 protein, human
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89. Gatalica Z, Foster JM, Loggie BW: Low grade peritoneal mucinous carcinomatosis associated with human papilloma virus infection: case report. Croat Med J; 2008 Oct;49(5):669-73

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We describe a case of pseudomyxoma peritonei associated with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the cervix in a 60-year-old woman.
  • The patient developed low grade mucinous peritoneal carcinomatosis 8 years after hysterectomy for cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • HPV has been previously associated with development of cervical carcinomas (both squamous and mucinous) but neither has cervical adenocarcinoma nor HPV been implicated in development of pseudomyxoma peritonei.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / diagnosis. Pseudomyxoma Peritonei / etiology. Tumor Virus Infections / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Female. Human papillomavirus 11. Human papillomavirus 16. Human papillomavirus 6. Humans. Middle Aged. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18925701.001).
  • [ISSN] 1332-8166
  • [Journal-full-title] Croatian medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Croat. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2582360
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90. Bull-Phelps SL, Garner EI, Walsh CS, Gehrig PA, Miller DS, Schorge JO: Fertility-sparing surgery in 101 women with adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix. Gynecol Oncol; 2007 Nov;107(2):316-9
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fertility-sparing surgery in 101 women with adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  • OBJECTIVES: Cervical adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS) is a precursor of invasive disease that is increasing in incidence primarily among reproductive-age women of low parity.
  • METHODS: Women diagnosed with cervical AIS who underwent primary fertility-sparing surgery with either loop excision or cold knife conization between 1993 and 2001 were identified at three institutions.
  • Patients 40 years of age and older and those undergoing hysterectomy within 12 months of diagnosis were excluded.
  • No invasive cervical adenocarcinomas were observed during the study interval.
  • CONCLUSION: Fertility-sparing surgery enables women with cervical AIS to achieve pregnancy with minimal risk of developing invasive disease during surveillance.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Conization. Fertility. Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 17689593.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Sugiyama K, Takehara Y: MR findings of pseudoneoplastic lesions in the uterine cervix mimicking adenoma malignum. Br J Radiol; 2007 Nov;80(959):878-83
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] MR findings of pseudoneoplastic lesions in the uterine cervix mimicking adenoma malignum.
  • Pseudoneoplastic glandular lesions are benign lesions that are often histologically and radiographically confused with adenoma malignum, which is a rare variant of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix.
  • 15 cases of pseudoneoplastic glandular lesions, characterized by multilocular cystic masses in the uterine cervix, were investigated; these lesions included endocervical glandular hyperplasia, deep nabothian cysts and tunnel cluster.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies. Uterine Cervical Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17989332.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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92. Fujii T, Nakamura M, Kameyama K, Saito M, Nishio H, Ohno A, Hirao N, Iwata T, Tsukazaki K, Aoki D: Digital colposcopy for the diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinoma using a narrow band imaging system. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 May;20(4):605-10
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Digital colposcopy for the diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinoma using a narrow band imaging system.
  • INTRODUCTION: Although the colposcopic features of cervical glandular disease and cervical adenocarcinoma are not widely well known, unique microvascular patterns are reportedly useful for identifying such diseases.
  • METHODS: Twenty-one patients with adenocarcinoma in situ or early invasive adenocarcinomas were examined using digital NBI colposcopy, and the photo records were compared with those of conventional colposcopy.
  • RESULTS: Digital NBI colposcopy depicted the fine vascular texture on the surface of the cervix more clearly than conventional colposcopy.
  • The characteristic fine vascular patterns were critical for identifying cervical glandular diseases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Digital NBI colposcopy was useful for identifying early cervical adenocarcinoma as well as adenocarcinoma in situ.
  • This system yields cervical glandular disease-related colposcopic findings that may be useful for both clinical and educational purposes.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Adenosquamous / diagnosis. Colposcopy. Diagnostic Imaging. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis


93. El-Ghobashy AA, Shaaban AM, Herod J, Herrington CS: The pathology and management of endocervical glandular neoplasia. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2005 Jul-Aug;15(4):583-92
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The incidence of cervical glandular intraepithelial neoplasia and adenocarcinoma is rising, and our limited knowledge about these lesions presents the gynecologist with a management dilemma.
  • Recently, pathologists have paid increasing attention to the diagnosis and pathogenesis of adenocarcinoma of the cervix.
  • This review focuses on the issues surrounding the histologic diagnosis of endocervical glandular abnormalities, including their classification, and discusses the management of cervical preinvasive glandular disease, including follow-up after treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia / pathology. Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia / surgery. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Conization. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 16014110.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 72
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94. Srilatha PS, Roy A: Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of cervix associated with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: a case report and review of literature. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2007 Oct;50(4):819-21
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CIS-DIAMINEDICHLOROPLATINUM .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma of cervix associated with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: a case report and review of literature.
  • Well differentiated villoglandular adenocarcinoma of uterine cervix is a rare tumour which usually occurs in young women.
  • Physical examination revealed a cervical polyp.
  • Histopathological findings were consistent with villoglandular papillary adenocarcinoma associated with high grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN-3).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / complications. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia / complications. Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / complications. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adnexa Uteri / pathology. Adult. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cisplatin / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Hydronephrosis. Polyps. Ureter / pathology


95. Griffin D, Manuck TA, Hoffman MS: Adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix in pregnancy. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 May;97(2):662-4
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix in pregnancy.
  • INTRODUCTION: The number of patients diagnosed with adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix has increased in the last decade.
  • CASES: In this report, we describe three patients diagnosed with adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix during pregnancy.
  • DISCUSSION: The management of adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix may include procedures which present substantial risks to an ongoing pregnancy and more conservative management may be warranted in many instances.
  • [MeSH-major] Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / surgery. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Carcinoma in Situ / diagnosis. Carcinoma in Situ / surgery. Female. Humans. Pregnancy


96. Poynor EA, Marshall D, Sonoda Y, Slomovitz BM, Barakat RR, Soslow RA: Clinicopathologic features of early adenocarcinoma of the cervix initially managed with cervical conization. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Dec;103(3):960-5
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinicopathologic features of early adenocarcinoma of the cervix initially managed with cervical conization.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinicopathologic features of microinvasive adenocarcinoma of the cervix in order to guide the management of patients with this disease.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients diagnosed with early invasive, <or=5 mm stromal invasion, adenocarcinoma of the cervix by a cervical conization between 1992 and 1999 at our institution.
  • Ten patients had positive conization margins for invasive cancer, 3 patients had margins positive for adenocarcinoma in situ, 14 patients had negative margins, and in 6 patients the margin status could not be evaluated.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Historically, the standard management of early invasive adenocarcinoma of the cervix has been controversial, and some clinicians continue to favor radical treatments.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Conization / utilization. Outcome Assessment (Health Care). Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / epidemiology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / surgery

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  • (PMID = 16860853.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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97. Bergauer F, Brüning A, Shabani N, Blankenstein T, Jückstock J, Dian D, Mylonas I: Inhibin/activin-betaE subunit in normal and malignant human cervical tissue and cervical cancer cell lines. J Mol Histol; 2009 Oct;40(5-6):353-9
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - Histopathology and cytopathology of the uterine cervix - digital atlas .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Inhibin/activin-betaE subunit in normal and malignant human cervical tissue and cervical cancer cell lines.
  • Recently a novel beta subunit named betaE was described, although it is still unclear if normal or cancerous cervical epithelial cells as well as cervical cancer cell lines can synthesise the novel inhibin-betaE subunit.
  • About 4 normal cervical tissue samples together with 10 specimens of well-differentiated squamous cervical cancer and adenocarcinoma of the cervix were immunohistochemical analyzed.
  • Additionally, two cervical carcinoma cell lines (HeLa and CaSki) were analyzed by immunofluorescence and RT-PCR for the expression of this novel subunit.
  • We demonstrated for the first time an immunolabelling of the inhibin-betaE subunit in normal and malignant cervical tissue, as well as cervical cancer cells.
  • Although the physiological role is still quite unclear in cervical tissue, inhibin-betaE might play important roles in carcinogenesis.
  • Moreover, the synthesis of this subunit in cervical carcinoma cell lines of squamous and glandular epithelial origins also allows the use of these cell lines in elucidating its functions in cervical cancer pathogenesis.
  • However, since the expression of the inhibin-betaE is minimal in HeLa cells as assessed by immunofluorescence and RT-PCR, the CaSki cell line might be a better model for further functional experiments regarding cervical cancer pathogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Inhibin-beta Subunits / metabolism. Protein Subunits / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20033758.001).
  • [ISSN] 1567-2387
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of molecular histology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Mol. Histol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / INHBE protein, human; 0 / Protein Subunits; 93443-12-0 / Inhibin-beta Subunits
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98. Kaku T, Kawano Y, Hirakawa T, Koga Y, Kobayashi H, Amada S, Ogawa S, Hagiwara T, Watanabe S, Nakano H: Cytological study of early cervical adenocarcinoma: special reference to the depth of invasion. Cytopathology; 2005 Dec;16(6):290-4
International Agency for Research on Cancer - Screening Group. diagnostics - A practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytological study of early cervical adenocarcinoma: special reference to the depth of invasion.
  • OBJECTIVE: Early cervical adenocarcinoma (ECA) with a tumour depth of <3 mm has a good prognosis.
  • To clarify the cytological features of ECAs with depth <3 mm, these were compared with those of ECA with 3-5 mm and invasive adenocarcinoma (IA) invading the cervical wall with more than 5 mm in depth.
  • METHODS: The cervical cytological features of ECAs with depth <3 mm (14 cases) were compared with those of ECA with 3-5 mm (four cases) and IA (13 cases).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cervix Uteri / pathology. Early Diagnosis. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Prognosis


99. Nara M, Hashi A, Murata S, Kondo T, Yuminamochi T, Nakazawa K, Katoh R, Hoshi K: Lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia as a presumed precursor of cervical adenocarcinoma independent of human papillomavirus infection. Gynecol Oncol; 2007 Aug;106(2):289-98
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Lobular endocervical glandular hyperplasia as a presumed precursor of cervical adenocarcinoma independent of human papillomavirus infection.
  • OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate differences in the process of carcinogenesis between adenocarcinoma coexistent with LEGH and conventional adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: Using the surgical pathology files of patients who visited the University of Yamanashi Hospital, Yamanashi Central Hospital and Kofu Municipal Hospital between 1996 and 2005, pathological diagnoses were reevaluated based on criteria for the diagnosis of LEGH by Nucci et al.
  • As for the cases including adenocarcinoma with LEGH: (a) we created a map showing position of the LEGH component and adenocarcinoma component and squamo-columnar junction (SCJ) in HE-stained specimens, (b) immunohistochemical staining was performed using antibodies to CEA, HIK1083 and p53, and (c) detection of HPV DNA was performed using PCR and in situ hybridization (ISH).
  • RESULTS: Endocervical adenocarcinoma was observed coexistent with LEGH in 5 cases (19.2%). (a) LEGH was located in a remote place from the SCJ.
  • Sizes of lesions in the 5 cases ranged from 18 to 35 mm in width and 7 to 16 mm in depth. (b) HIK1083 was diffusely immunopositive in the cytoplasm of LEGH component and focal immunopositive in 4 cases with adenocarcinoma component.
  • Immunopositivity for CEA was seen in the cytoplasm of adenocarcinoma component in 4 cases.
  • Immunopositivity for p53 was seen in adenocarcinoma component nuclei in 2 cases. (c) HPV DNA was not detected using PCR and ISH in either LEGH or adenocarcinoma components.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that clear differences exist in the process of carcinogenesis between adenocarcinoma associated with LEGH and conventional adenocarcinoma.
  • LEGH may represent a precursor of cervical adenocarcinoma independent of HPV infection.
  • As LEGH displays characteristics of precancerous mucinous adenocarcinoma, surgical treatment should be considered for LEGH growing beyond a certain size.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Cervix Uteri / pathology. Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / pathology. Precancerous Conditions / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


100. Nakamura E, Iwakawa M, Furuta R, Ohno T, Satoh T, Nakawatari M, Ishikawa K, Imadome K, Michikawa Y, Tamaki T, Kato S, Kitagawa T, Imai T: Villin1, a novel diagnostic marker for cervical adenocarcinoma. Cancer Biol Ther; 2009 Jun;8(12):1146-53
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Villin1, a novel diagnostic marker for cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • The number of new cervical adenocarcinoma (AD) cases has risen slowly, however, its histological similarity to other tumor types and the difficulty of identifying the site of the original tumor makes the diagnosis of cervical AD particularly challenging.
  • We investigated a novel molecular biomarker for cervical AD through the integration of multiple methods of genomic analysis.
  • Tumor samples in discovery set were obtained from 87 patients who underwent radiotherapy, including 31 cervical AD.
  • Microarray analysis and quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis were performed to screen a candidate diagnostic molecule for cervical AD, and its clinical significance was investigated by immunohistochemical analysis (IHC).
  • We found a difference between biopsy samples of AD and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the expression and genomic copy number of Villin1 (VIL1), which maps to 2q35.
  • IHC revealed 14 VIL1-positive tumors; 13 cervical AD and one small cell carcinoma of cervix, while none of SCC or endometrial AD was VIL1-positive.
  • The marker was validated by newly enrolled 65 patients, and VIL1 positive staining showed 52% of sensitivity and 100% of selectivity for cervical AD.
  • In conclusion, we have identified VIL1 as a novel biomarker of cervical AD.
  • Our study suggests the existence of a subtype of cervical tumors which are VIL1 positive with poor radioresponse.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / metabolism






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