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1. Ibáñez J, Erro JM, Aranda F, Almendral ML, Valenti C, Echenique-Elizondo M: [Mucinous adenocarcinoma on chronic perianal fistula treated by neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and laparoscopy-assisted abdominoperineal amputation]. Cir Esp; 2006 Mar;79(3):184-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Mucinous adenocarcinoma on chronic perianal fistula treated by neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and laparoscopy-assisted abdominoperineal amputation].
  • [Transliterated title] Adenocarcinoma mucinoso en fístula perianal de largo tiempo de evolución tratado mediante QT-RT neoadyuvante y amputación abdominoperineal laparoscópica.
  • The patient presented with mucoid anal adenocarcinoma.
  • Mucoid adenocarcinoma on chronic perianal fistula is an infrequent process.
  • Late diagnosis is associated with a poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / therapy. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Anus Neoplasms / complications. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Fluorouracil / therapeutic use. Laparoscopy. Leucovorin / therapeutic use. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 16545286.001).
  • [ISSN] 0009-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cirugía española
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cir Esp
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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2. Aigner F, Boeckle E, Albright J, Kilo J, Boesmueller C, Conrad F, Wiesmayr S, Antretter H, Margreiter R, Mark W, Bonatti H: Malignancies of the colorectum and anus in solid organ recipients. Transpl Int; 2007 Jun;20(6):497-504
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  • [Title] Malignancies of the colorectum and anus in solid organ recipients.
  • A total of 3595 SOTs were performed between 1986 and 2005 at our center and retrospectively analyzed with regard to the incidence and course of malignancies of the colon, rectum, and anus.
  • Colorectal adenocarcinoma was diagnosed in nine patients (0.25%; mean age at diagnosis 65 years) at a mean of 5.3 years after transplantation.
  • Four patients developed anal neoplasia (0.11%) 7 years post-transplant with 100% 1-year survival.
  • The incidence of anal but not of colorectal cancers in our transplant recipients differed from that of immunocompetent individuals of corresponding age (0.11% vs. 0.002% and 0.25% vs. 0.3%).
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / epidemiology. Colorectal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Immunosuppressive Agents / adverse effects. Organ Transplantation. Postoperative Complications

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  • (PMID = 17343685.001).
  • [ISSN] 0934-0874
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplant international : official journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transpl. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents
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3. Hisham RB, Sabariah AR, Yunus AG: Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic perianal fistula. Med J Malaysia; 2006 Mar;61(1):88-90
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  • [Title] Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic perianal fistula.
  • Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma is a rare tumor which may be associated with long-standing chronic perianal sepsis.
  • Early diagnosis is challenging and is based on a high index of clinical suspicion and specific histological features.
  • We hereby describe a case of a perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from long-standing recurrent perianal fistula and complement this with a brief review of the literature pertaining in particular to the management of this condition.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Anus Diseases / complications. Perineum / physiopathology. Rectal Fistula / complications. Sepsis / complications

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  • (PMID = 16708740.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-5283
  • [Journal-full-title] The Medical journal of Malaysia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. J. Malaysia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Malaysia
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4. Anand BS, Verstovsek G, Cole G: Tubulovillous adenoma of anal canal: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Mar 21;12(11):1780-1
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  • [Title] Tubulovillous adenoma of anal canal: a case report.
  • Tumors arising from the anal canal are usually of epithelial origin and are mostly squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma.
  • We present a case of benign anal adenomas arising from the anus, an extremely rare diagnosis.
  • Examination revealed a 4 cm friable mass attached to the anus by a stalk.
  • The squamocolumnar junction was visible at the edges of the lesion confirming the anal origin of the tumor.
  • We believe the tubulovillus adenoma arose from either an anal gland or its duct that opens into the anus.
  • Although seen rarely, it is important to recognize and treat these tumors at an early stage because of their potential to transform into adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenoma, Villous / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Humans. Male

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  • [Cites] N Engl J Med. 1988 Sep 1;319(9):525-32 [2841597.001]
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  • (PMID = 16586552.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4124358
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5. Iesalnieks I, Gaertner WB, Glass H, Strauch U, Hipp M, Agha A, Schlitt HJ: Fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma in Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis; 2010 Oct;16(10):1643-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma in Crohn's disease.
  • BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma arising from perianal fistulae in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) is rare.
  • We present 6 patients with CD and fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma (FAAA) and a systematic review of published series.
  • The average age at time of diagnosis was 45.5 years.
  • Mean delay of cancer diagnosis was 11 months.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Adenocarcinoma arising from long-standing perianal CD fistulae is being increasingly reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Crohn Disease / complications. Rectal Fistula / etiology


6. Katsanos KH, Christodoulou DK, Kamina S, Maria K, Lambri E, Theodorou S, Tsampoulas K, Vasiliki M, Tsianos EV: Diagnosis and endoscopic treatment of esophago-bronchial fistula due to gastric heterotopy. World J Gastrointest Endosc; 2010 Apr 16;2(4):138-42

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diagnosis and endoscopic treatment of esophago-bronchial fistula due to gastric heterotopy.
  • Heterotopic gastric mucosa patches are congenital gastrointestinal abnormalities and have been reported to occur anywhere along the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus.
  • Complications of heterotopic gastric mucosa include dysphagia, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, upper esophageal ring stricture, adenocarcinoma and fistula formation.
  • In this case report we describe the diagnosis and treatment of the first case of esophago-bronchial fistula due to heterotopic gastric mucosa in mid esophagus.

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  • (PMID = 21160729.001).
  • [ISSN] 1948-5190
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Gastrointest Endosc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2999170
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Ectopic gastric mucosa / Esophageal fistula therapy / Esophago-bronchial fistula / Esophagus / Gastric heterotopy / Heterotopic gastric mucosa
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7. Ugolini G, Rosati G, Montroni I, Manaresi A, Blume JF, Taffurelli M: Diffuse cavernous haemangioma of the rectum and anus: an unusual case of rectal bleeding with challenging management. BMJ Case Rep; 2009;2009

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diffuse cavernous haemangioma of the rectum and anus: an unusual case of rectal bleeding with challenging management.
  • Here, an unusual case of an older patient with sigmoid adenocarcinoma and concomitant diffuse DCHR from the rectum to the distal edge of the anal canal is reported.The purpose of this article is to report this unusual case and to discuss pitfalls in diagnosis, preoperative assessment and treatment of DCHR.

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  • [Cites] Turk J Gastroenterol. 2006 Dec;17(4):308-12 [17205413.001]
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  • (PMID = 21709828.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-790X
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3028219
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8. Sen M, Ozdemir O, Turan M, Arici S, Yildiz F, Koksal B, Goze F: Epigenetic inactivation of tumor suppressor SFRP2 and point mutation in KRAS proto-oncogene in fistula-associated mucinous type anal adenocarcinoma: report of two cases. Intern Med; 2010;49(15):1637-40
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  • [Title] Epigenetic inactivation of tumor suppressor SFRP2 and point mutation in KRAS proto-oncogene in fistula-associated mucinous type anal adenocarcinoma: report of two cases.
  • The aim of the current study was to clarify whether SFRP2 methylation and K-ras structural mutation in fecal DNA can be found in stool and tumoral tissues of individuals with fistula-associated mucinous type anal adenocarcinomas (MTAA).Two man patients (68 and 56 years old) were treated for anorectal fistula in the surgical department.
  • The current results showed that the combined effects of somatic mutations in K-ras and epigenetic alterations in SFRP2 genes may play an active role in the development of mucinous type anal adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / genetics. Anus Neoplasms / genetics. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Point Mutation / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics. Rectal Fistula / genetics. ras Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20686305.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / KRAS protein, human; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / SFRP2 protein, human; EC 3.6.5.2 / ras Proteins
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9. Han C, Chen YJ, Liu A, Schultheiss TE, Wong JY: Dosimetric study and in-vivo dose verification for conformal avoidance treatment of anal adenocarcinoma using helical tomotherapy. Med Dosim; 2007;32(1):33-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dosimetric study and in-vivo dose verification for conformal avoidance treatment of anal adenocarcinoma using helical tomotherapy.
  • This study evaluated the efficacy of using helical tomotherapy for conformal avoidance treatment of anal adenocarcinoma.
  • We retrospectively generated step-and-shoot intensity-modulated radiotherapy (sIMRT) plans and helical tomotherapy plans for two anal cancer patients, one male and one female, who were treated by the sIMRT technique.
  • In-vivo skin dose measurements were performed during conformal avoidance helical tomotherapy treatment of an anal cancer patient to verify adequate delivery of skin dose and sparing of OARs.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Anus Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated / methods. Tomography, Spiral Computed / methods

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  • (PMID = 17317533.001).
  • [ISSN] 0958-3947
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical dosimetry : official journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Dosim
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Lee J, Corman M: Recurrence of anal adenocarcinoma after local excision and adjuvant chemoradiation therapy: report of a case and review of the literature. J Gastrointest Surg; 2009 Jan;13(1):150-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recurrence of anal adenocarcinoma after local excision and adjuvant chemoradiation therapy: report of a case and review of the literature.
  • INTRODUCTION: Tumors arising from the anal canal are rare, comprising 1.5% of all gastrointestinal tumors in the USA.
  • The vast majority of these anal cancers are epidermoid (cloacogenic/basaloid and squamous cell carcinomas), while adenocarcinomas reportedly occur 5% to 19% of the time.
  • Because of its rarity, reports about anal adenocarcinoma are limited to small retrospective studies and case reports.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of recurrent anal adenocarcinoma after conservative management with local excision and adjuvant chemoradiation therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Colectomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 18810561.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4626
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Gastrointest. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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11. Rakoto-Ratsimba HN, Rakototiana AF, Rakotosamimanana J, Ranaivozanany A: [Anal adenocarcinoma revealed by a fistula-in-ano. Report of a case]. Ann Chir; 2006 Nov;131(9):564-6
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  • [Title] [Anal adenocarcinoma revealed by a fistula-in-ano. Report of a case].
  • [Transliterated title] Fistule périanale révélatrice d'un adénocarcinome du canal anal. A propos d'une observation.
  • Anal adenocarcinoma revealed by a fistula-in-ano occurs rarely.
  • Symptomatology has no specificity and the diagnosis is often late, in an advanced stage of the sickness.
  • Recurrent or non recurrent fistula-in-ano requires multiple biopsies for pathology analysis in order to screen a related cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / complications. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 16712770.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3944
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de chirurgie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Chir
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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12. Chia CS, Chew MH, Chau YP, Eu KW, Ho KS: Adenocarcinoma of the anal transitional zone after double stapled ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. Colorectal Dis; 2008 Jul;10(6):621-3
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of the anal transitional zone after double stapled ileal pouch-anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis.
  • The development of adenocarcinoma in the anal transitional zone, after restorative proctocolectomy for ulcerative colitis, is rare.
  • Restorative proctocolectomy and stapled ileal pouch-anal anastomosis without mucosectomy was performed.
  • A poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in the anal transition zone was diagnosed and she subsequently underwent an abdomino-perineal resection.
  • We also discuss the suggested surveillance for high-risk patients who have undergone an ileal-anal pouch anastomosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Anal Canal / surgery. Anastomosis, Surgical. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Colitis, Ulcerative / surgery. Colonic Pouches

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  • (PMID = 17949443.001).
  • [ISSN] 1463-1318
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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13. Chang GJ, Gonzalez RJ, Skibber JM, Eng C, Das P, Rodriguez-Bigas MA: A twenty-year experience with adenocarcinoma of the anal canal. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Aug;52(8):1375-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A twenty-year experience with adenocarcinoma of the anal canal.
  • PURPOSE: Adenocarcinoma of the anal canal is a rare malignancy with limited data regarding treatment and outcomes.
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate disease control and survival outcomes in patients with adenocarcinoma of the anal canal.
  • METHODS: A retrospective consecutive cohort study of all patients in whom adenocarcinoma of the anal canal was diagnosed between 1983 and 2004 was performed.
  • CONCLUSION: Combined modality treatment with radical surgical resection improves survival among patients with adenocarcinoma of the anal canal, but a high risk for distant failure emphasizes the need for effective adjuvant therapeutic regimens.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Anus Neoplasms / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19617747.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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14. Gu J, Li J, Yao Y, Lu A, Wang H: Synchronous rectal adenocarcinoma and anal canal adenocarcinoma. Front Med China; 2007 Jul;1(3):333-7
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  • [Title] Synchronous rectal adenocarcinoma and anal canal adenocarcinoma.
  • It is difficult to distinguish a rectal carcinoma with anal metastases from coexistent synchronous anorectal carcinomas.
  • The therapeutic strategy for rectal and anal carcinoma is so different that it should be clearly identified.
  • Here, we report on the case of a 63-year-old man who presented with an upper-third rectal adenocarcinoma.
  • Five months after resection, he developed an adenocarcinoma in the anal canal.
  • For this reason, we believe the present case had synchronous adenocarcinomas arising from anal canal and the rectum separately.
  • It is very important to differentiate the anorectal lesions pathologically because of the impact on the therapeutic options available, especially for the lesion arising in the anal canal.

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  • (PMID = 24573877.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-7342
  • [Journal-full-title] Frontiers of medicine in China
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Front Med China
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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15. Wakatsuki K, Oeda Y, Isono T, Yoshioka S, Nukui Y, Yamazaki K, Nabeshima S, Miyazaki M: Adenocarcinoma of the rectosigmoid colon seeding into pre-existing anal fistula. Hepatogastroenterology; 2008 May-Jun;55(84):952-5
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  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma of the rectosigmoid colon seeding into pre-existing anal fistula.
  • This paper reports a rare case of rectosigmoid colon carcinoma metastasizing to anal fistula.
  • The patient is a 57-year old man with a 7-year history of a fistula in ano.
  • Pathology revealed that the colon cancer and the perianal tumor were both moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • Sixteen reports could be found of implantation metastasis of colorectal cancer into anal fistula.
  • In diagnosis, it is important to differentiate implantation of colorectal cancer in anal fistula from primary anal fistular adenocarcinoma.
  • Furthermore, immunohistochemistry for cytokeratins 7 and 20 was performed on tissues to distinguish colorectal adenocarcinoma from anal gland carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasm Seeding. Rectal Fistula / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / pathology. Anal Canal / surgery. Colon, Sigmoid / pathology. Colon, Sigmoid / surgery. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Reoperation

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  • (PMID = 18705305.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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16. Kounalakis N, Artinyan A, Smith D, Mojica-Manoso P, Paz B, Lai LL: Abdominal perineal resection improves survival for nonmetastatic adenocarcinoma of the anal canal. Ann Surg Oncol; 2009 May;16(5):1310-5
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  • [Title] Abdominal perineal resection improves survival for nonmetastatic adenocarcinoma of the anal canal.
  • BACKGROUND: There remains a lack of consensus regarding the optimal treatment for patients with curable adenocarcinoma of the anal canal (AAC).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Colectomy / methods

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  • (PMID = 19241106.001).
  • [ISSN] 1534-4681
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of surgical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Surg. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Yap JC, Yang GY, Fakih M, Mashtare T, Bullard Dunn K, Kuvshinoff BW, Smith J, Khushalani NI, Gibbs JF: Primary adenocarcinoma of the anus: a 22-year SEER population database analysis. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e15072

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Primary adenocarcinoma of the anus: a 22-year SEER population database analysis.
  • : e15072 Background: Most anal canal cancers consist of squamous cell carcinoma (SCCA).
  • Adenocarcinoma (AdenoCa) is rare and accounts for approximately 10% of anal cancers.
  • METHODS: The search of the SEER database revealed 1,008 pts who had pathologically confirmed anal cancers with either SCCA or AdenoCa.
  • All pts had single diagnosis of anal cancer with localized disease without nodal involvement.
  • On the other hand, among the AdenoCa subset, pts who had APR had better 10-yr OS than RT pts (53.8% vs. 0%, p=0.03) Conclusions: For localized anal SCCA, RT yielded equivalent overall survival as compared to APR.
  • On the other hand, pts with localized anal adenoCa appeared to do worse when APR was omitted.
  • Omission of APR in pts with anal canal adenoCa should be cautiously weighed.

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  • (PMID = 27964572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Pedersen ME, Rahr HB, Fenger C, Qvist N: Adenocarcinoma arising from the rectal stump eleven years after excision of an ileal J-pouch in a patient with ulcerative colitis: report of a case. Dis Colon Rectum; 2008 Jul;51(7):1146-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma arising from the rectal stump eleven years after excision of an ileal J-pouch in a patient with ulcerative colitis: report of a case.
  • We report a case of adenocarcinoma in the anal canal 11 years after removal of a failed ileal J-pouch.
  • The anus had been left in place at the pouch excision because of severe fibrosis in the pelvis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Colitis, Ulcerative / surgery. Colonic Pouches / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anastomosis, Surgical. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Ileostomy. Male. Middle Aged. Proctocolectomy, Restorative / methods. Time Factors. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 18437493.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Gaertner WB, Hagerman GF, Finne CO, Alavi K, Jessurun J, Rothenberger DA, Madoff RD: Fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma: good results with aggressive therapy. Dis Colon Rectum; 2008 Jul;51(7):1061-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma: good results with aggressive therapy.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical features, pathology, treatment, and outcome of patients with fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: We identified 14 patients with histologically proven fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma.
  • The average age at time of diagnosis was 59 (range, 37-76) years.
  • Eleven patients had preexisting chronic anal fistulas.
  • The diagnosis of cancer was suspected during physical examination in 6 of the 14 patients (43 percent).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of fistula-associated anal adenocarcinoma is often unsuspected.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Rectal Fistula / therapy. Rectal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18418652.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Vietharsdóttir H, Moeller PH, Jóhannsson J, Jónasson JG: [Anal cancer in Iceland 1987-2003. A population based study]. Laeknabladid; 2006 May;92(5):365-72
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  • [Title] [Anal cancer in Iceland 1987-2003. A population based study].
  • OBJECTIVE: Anal cancer is a rare disease.
  • The aim of this study was to describe anal cancer in Iceland in 1987-2003 with respect to incidence, histologic type, treatment, recurrence rate and survival.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study in which all malignant anal tumours diagnosed in Iceland in the period 1987-2003 were reviewed with respect to patient outcome.
  • This is a nationwide, population-based study of malignant tumours of the anal region.
  • RESULTS: From 1987-2003 thirty-eight patients were diagnosed with anal cancer, 28 females and 10 males.
  • The average age at diagnosis was 63.4 years.
  • Age standardized incidence rates for anal cancer in Iceland were 0.3 (+/-0.2) of 100.000 males and 0.9 (+/-0.4) of 100.000 females.
  • The remaining histologic types were malignant melanoma (n=3), adenosquamous carcinoma (n=1), adenocarcinoma (n=1), GIST (n=1) and undifferentiated carcinoma (n=2).
  • The duration of symptoms before diagnosis ranged from 2 weeks to 96 months (mean value 3.5 months).
  • The mean value of the time from diagnosis of the primary to the recurrent cancer was 15.6 months (range, 5.9-117).
  • Sixteen patients remain with disease and ten have died of anal cancer.
  • CONCLUSION: Age-standardized incidence for anal cancer in Iceland is similar to other regions.
  • Average age at diagnosis, male-female ratio and prognosis is similar to reports in other studies.
  • The proportion of adenocarcinoma of the anus is lower in Iceland than elsewhere.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Aged. Carcinoma / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Adenosquamous / epidemiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / epidemiology. Defecation. Female. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Humans. Iceland / epidemiology. Incidence. Male. Melanoma / epidemiology. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Neoplasm Staging. Pain / etiology. Pruritus / epidemiology. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 16741319.001).
  • [ISSN] 0023-7213
  • [Journal-full-title] Læknablađiđ
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Laeknabladid
  • [Language] ice
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iceland
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21. Cohen SJ, Engstrom PF, Lewis NL, Langer CJ, McLaughlin S, Beard M, Weiner LM, Meropol NJ: Phase I study of capecitabine and oxaliplatin in combination with the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib in patients with advanced solid tumors. Am J Clin Oncol; 2008 Feb;31(1):1-5
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  • Three objective tumor responses were noted (squamous cell of anus, adenocarcinoma of unknown primary, adenocarcinoma of rectum).

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  • (PMID = 18376220.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-453X
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA006927
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Boronic Acids; 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; 0 / Pyrazines; 04ZR38536J / oxaliplatin; 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; 6804DJ8Z9U / Capecitabine; 69G8BD63PP / Bortezomib; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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22. Devon KM, Brown CJ, Burnstein M, McLeod RS: Cancer of the anus complicating perianal Crohn's disease. Dis Colon Rectum; 2009 Feb;52(2):211-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cancer of the anus complicating perianal Crohn's disease.
  • METHODS: Charts of patients who had documented perianal Crohn's disease and a pathologic diagnosis of anal carcinoma were reviewed.
  • RESULTS: There were 14 patients (6 men; mean age, 49 years) who had evidence of perianal Crohn's disease (mean, 6.9 (range, 1-20) years) before their cancer diagnosis.
  • The diagnosis often was delayed despite increasing pain, multiple biopsies, and imaging studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / complications. Crohn Disease / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adult. Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Diseases / complications. Anus Diseases / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / complications. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19279414.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Hama Y, Makita K, Yamana T, Dodanuki K: Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from fistula in ano: MRI findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol; 2006 Aug;187(2):517-21
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  • [Title] Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from fistula in ano: MRI findings.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe MRI findings in 11 patients with mucinous adenocarcinomas arising from fistula in ano.
  • CONCLUSION: More than half of patients had a mass filled with markedly hyperintense content on T2-weighted fast spin-echo images, enhancing solid components within the mass, mesh-like internal enhancement, fluid collections without a thick fibrous capsule, contrast enhancement of peritumoral areas, and a fistula between the mass and the anus.
  • Regional areas of lymph node enlargement were considered indirect findings of locally advanced mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • These MRI findings may help diagnose mucinous adenocarcinomas arising from fistula in ano.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / complications. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Rectal Fistula / complications. Rectal Fistula / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16861558.001).
  • [ISSN] 1546-3141
  • [Journal-full-title] AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] AJR Am J Roentgenol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Leal RF, Ayrizono ML, Coy CS, Fagundes JJ, Góes JR: Mucinous adenocarcinoma derived from chronic perianal fistulas: report of a case and review of the literature. Tech Coloproctol; 2007 Jun;11(2):155-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mucinous adenocarcinoma derived from chronic perianal fistulas: report of a case and review of the literature.
  • However, their evolution into adenocarcinoma is rare.
  • Diagnosis was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
  • Histopathological sections indicated extramucosal mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / nursing. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Fistula / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17510737.001).
  • [ISSN] 1123-6337
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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25. Yamauchi M, Okamoto Y, Doi M, Shinozaki K: [mFOLFOX6 for treatment of anal canal cancer with disseminated carcinomatosis of bone marrow--a case report]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Nov;37(11):2209-11
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  • [Title] [mFOLFOX6 for treatment of anal canal cancer with disseminated carcinomatosis of bone marrow--a case report].
  • There was a hard anal mass on rectal examination.
  • Colonoscopy and computed tomography showed anal adenocarcinoma, multiple metastases to lymph nodes and bones.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Anus Neoplasms / drug therapy. Bone Marrow Neoplasms / drug therapy. Carcinoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 21084829.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organoplatinum Compounds; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil; Folfox protocol
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26. Okada K, Shatari T, Sasaki T, Tamada T, Suwa T, Furuuchi T, Takenaka Y, Hori M, Sakuma M: Is histopathological evidence really essential for making a surgical decision about mucinous carcinoma arising in a perianal fistula? Report of a case. Surg Today; 2008;38(6):555-8
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  • We report an unusual case of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the anus associated with a chronic anal fistula, treated successfully by abdominoperineal resection (APR).
  • Conversely, the presence of mucin lakes and globules in specimens drained from the region of perianal sepsis may have been histologically informative for diagnosis.
  • Thus, although biopsy of the lesion is undoubtedly essential for diagnosis, it often fails to provide enough information to make a definite diagnosis of mucinous carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 18516539.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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27. Ong J, Jit-Fong L, Ming-Hian K, Boon-Swee O, Kok-Sun H, Eu KW: Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic anorectal fistulae: a review from a single institution. Tech Coloproctol; 2007 Mar;11(1):34-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic anorectal fistulae: a review from a single institution.
  • BACKGROUND: Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from a chronic anorectal fistula is rare, with few reports in the literature.
  • METHODS: From our prospectively collected database, we identified 4 patients with chronic perianal inflammatory conditions who were subsequently found to have developed perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma on biopsy.
  • RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A high index of clinical suspicion is required to make the diagnosis of perianal tumours while assessing patients presenting with perianal inflammatory conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Rectal Diseases / complications. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 17357864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1123-6337
  • [Journal-full-title] Techniques in coloproctology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tech Coloproctol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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28. Yang BL, Shao WJ, Sun GD, Chen YQ, Huang JC: Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic anorectal fistulae: a review from single institution. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2009 Sep;24(9):1001-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from chronic anorectal fistulae: a review from single institution.
  • BACKGROUND: Mucinous adenocarcinoma arising from a chronic anorectal fistula is rare, with few reports in the literature.
  • METHODS: From our retrospective chart review, we identified three patients with chronic perianal fistula-in-ano who were subsequently found to have developed perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma on biopsy.
  • One patient with inguinal lymph node metastases died due to distant metastasis 6 months after diagnosis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fistula-associated perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma is an uncommon malignant transformation of chronic fistula-in-ano.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 19205706.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1262
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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29. Hargis AM, Baldessari AE, Walder EJ: Intraepidermal adenocarcinoma in the perianal skin of two cats, a condition resembling human extramammary Paget's disease. Vet Dermatol; 2008 Feb;19(1):31-7
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  • [Title] Intraepidermal adenocarcinoma in the perianal skin of two cats, a condition resembling human extramammary Paget's disease.
  • In humans, mammary and extramammary Paget's disease is an uncommon to rare manifestation of intraepidermal adenocarcinoma arising from simple epithelium, usually glandular in origin.
  • Differential diagnoses included intraepidermal adenocarcinoma, in situ squamous or basal cell carcinoma, junctional amelanotic melanoma, and epitheliotropic tumours of histiocytic or lymphocytic origin.
  • In one cat the clinical lesions consisted of a pruritic erythematous eruption surrounding the anus.
  • Another cat presented clinically for an area of irregular anal thickening; this cat had well-regulated diabetes mellitus.
  • To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of an intraepidermal adenocarcinoma in a cat or other animal species.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / veterinary. Cat Diseases / diagnosis. Perineum / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / veterinary
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cats. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Paget Disease, Extramammary

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  • (PMID = 18177290.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-4493
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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30. Owens SR, Greenson JK: Immunohistochemical staining for p63 is useful in the diagnosis of anal squamous cell carcinomas. Am J Surg Pathol; 2007 Feb;31(2):285-90
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical staining for p63 is useful in the diagnosis of anal squamous cell carcinomas.
  • Anal canal carcinomas account for between 1% and 2% of all gastrointestinal carcinomas in the United States.
  • By far, the most common carcinoma in this site is squamous cell carcinoma, but the differential diagnosis typically includes poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma or carcinoid tumor.
  • However, accurate diagnosis is imperative, because the treatment differs between squamous carcinoma (chemoradiation) and the other types of carcinoma (surgical therapy).
  • Therefore, we undertook to ascertain its usefulness in the diagnosis of squamous carcinomas in the anal canal.
  • We retrieved 24 anal squamous carcinomas, 68 colorectal adenocarcinomas (including a tissue microarray), and 32 colorectal neuroendocrine carcinomas from the archives at the University of Michigan, and immunostained them for the p63 antigen.
  • It also stained the dysplastic epithelial cells in adjacent areas of anal intraepithelial neoplasia.
  • We report that the p63 immunostain is a highly specific and useful tool in the diagnosis of carcinomas of the anal canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / metabolism. Anus Neoplasms / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Immunoenzyme Techniques / methods. Trans-Activators / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis. Carcinoid Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma in Situ / metabolism. Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Predictive Value of Tests. Tissue Array Analysis. Transcription Factors

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  • (PMID = 17255774.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
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31. Artioukh DY, Smith RA, Gokul K: Risk factors for impaired healing of the perineal wound after abdominoperineal resection of rectum for carcinoma. Colorectal Dis; 2007 May;9(4):362-7
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  • OBJECTIVE: Nonhealing perineal wound is an unpleasant complication of surgical excision of the rectum and anus.
  • The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk factors for impaired perineal wound healing after abdominoperineal resection (APR) of rectum for adenocarcinoma, particularly with the increasing use of neo-adjuvant chemoradiation.
  • METHOD: The study included 38 consecutive patients (29 men, nine women; median age 66 years, range: 43-86), who underwent surgical excision of rectum and anus for adenocarcinoma from 1999 to 2004.

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  • (PMID = 17432991.001).
  • [ISSN] 1462-8910
  • [Journal-full-title] Colorectal disease : the official journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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32. Lee JS, Rieger NA, Stephens JH, Hewett PJ, Rodda DJ, Lawrence MJ: Six-year prospective analysis of the rectal bleeding clinic at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia. ANZ J Surg; 2007 Jul;77(7):553-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A total of 590 patients was referred for colonoscopy and of these, 27 were diagnosed with colorectal adenocarcinoma or squamous cell cancer of the anus.
  • CONCLUSION: Rectal bleeding clinics can facilitate early diagnosis of colorectal malignancy and can also provide a 'one-stop shop' for treating benign anorectal conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Colorectal Neoplasms / complications. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Outpatient Clinics, Hospital
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anus Neoplasms / complications. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / complications. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Female. Humans. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / surgery. Male. Middle Aged. Rectum. South Australia

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  • (PMID = 17610692.001).
  • [ISSN] 1445-1433
  • [Journal-full-title] ANZ journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ANZ J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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33. Hamada M, Ozaki K, Iwata J, Nishioka Y, Horimi T: A case of rectosigmoid cancer metastasizing to a fistula in ano. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2005 Nov;35(11):676-9
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  • [Title] A case of rectosigmoid cancer metastasizing to a fistula in ano.
  • We herein report a case of rectosigmoid cancer metastasizing to a fistula in ano.
  • A 53-year-old man complaining of anal bleeding consulted another hospital.
  • He had been suffering from an anal fistula since 7 years.
  • On the left upper side of the skin surface around the anus a fistula end was seen as a hole that tunneled down into the back passage, although no hard tumor was palpable on the hole.
  • The post-operative pathological diagnosis was rectosigmoid cancer, Type 2, T2, N0, M0, stage II.
  • The anal fistula was a simple type and mucinous discharge was not observed.
  • On 23 February 2004, coring out the anal fistula was performed by the former hospital.
  • Pathological diagnosis of the excised fistula revealed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma; identical to the colon tumor.
  • We diagnosed this tumor as metastatic adenocarcinoma from a rectosigmoid cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / secondary. Rectal Fistula / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / pathology. Humans. Lymph Node Excision. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16275674.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2811
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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34. Balachandra B, Marcus V, Jass JR: Poorly differentiated tumours of the anal canal: a diagnostic strategy for the surgical pathologist. Histopathology; 2007 Jan;50(1):163-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Poorly differentiated tumours of the anal canal: a diagnostic strategy for the surgical pathologist.
  • Poorly differentiated malignancies affecting the anal canal are uncommon but pose diagnostic difficulties because of the wide range of normal cell types that may occur within a limited anatomical region.
  • The range of lesions that may present as poorly differentiated tumours includes squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, small and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma, neuroendocrine carcinoma expressing epithelial cytokeratins and other patterns of mixed differentiation, undifferentiated carcinoma, malignant melanoma, lymphoma and secondary tumours.
  • This review discusses the differential diagnosis of these neoplasms with the aid of short illustrative case studies.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Aged. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Lymphoma / pathology. Male. Melanoma / pathology. Middle Aged. Pathology, Surgical / methods

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  • (PMID = 17204029.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 72
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35. Kuroda N, Tanida N, Ohara M, Hirouchi T, Mizuno K, Kubo A, Lee GH: Anal canal adenocarcinoma with MUC5AC expression suggestive of anal gland origin. Med Mol Morphol; 2007 Mar;40(1):50-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anal canal adenocarcinoma with MUC5AC expression suggestive of anal gland origin.
  • Anal canal adenocarcinomas arising in the anal ducts or glands are very rare neoplasms, and few useful immunohistochemical markers of these carcinomas are known to date.
  • A 57-year-old man presented with anal bleeding, difficulty of defecation, and anal pain.
  • Macroscopic findings of the surgically resected material showed circular stenosis of the anal canal.
  • Microscopically, the proliferation of adenocarcinoma cells with mucin production was observed in the submucosal and muscular layers.
  • Immunohistochemically, normal rectal-type mucosa and normal anal ducts/glands showed the patterns of cytokeratin 7 (CK7)(-)/CK19(+, focal)/MUC5AC(-) and CK7(+, diffuse)/CK19(+, diffuse)/MUC5AC(+, focal), respectively, and neoplastic cells showed the pattern of CK7(+, diffuse)/CK19(+, diffuse)/MUC5AC(+, focal).
  • Finally, our preliminary report suggests that the immunohistochemical combination of CK7, CK19, and MUC5AC may be an available marker for adenocarcinoma of anal ducts/glands origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Mucins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17384991.001).
  • [ISSN] 1860-1480
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical molecular morphology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Mol Morphol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MUC5AC protein, human; 0 / Mucin 5AC; 0 / Mucins
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36. Gaertner WB, Hagerman GF, Goldberg SM, Finne CO 3rd: Perianal Paget's disease treated with wide excision and gluteal skin flap reconstruction: report of a case and review of the literature. Dis Colon Rectum; 2008 Dec;51(12):1842-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Paget's disease of the anus is a rare perianal disorder.
  • The condition is often associated with underlying invasive carcinoma and the prognosis is poor when underlying adenocarcinoma is present.
  • CONCLUSION: Perianal Paget's disease continues to pose problems in diagnosis and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Paget Disease, Extramammary / surgery. Surgical Flaps

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  • (PMID = 18584248.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-0358
  • [Journal-full-title] Diseases of the colon and rectum
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dis. Colon Rectum
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 34
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37. Suenaga M, Oya M, Ueno M, Yamamoto J, Yamaguchi T, Mizunuma N, Hatake K, Kato Y, Muto T: Anal canal carcinoma with Pagetoid spread: report of a case. Surg Today; 2006;36(7):666-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anal canal carcinoma with Pagetoid spread: report of a case.
  • A 70-year-old man with a history of colon polyps was found to have a semipedunculated polyp in the anal canal.
  • Histological examination of biopsy specimens revealed well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the anal canal.
  • Pathological examination of the anal canal carcinoma revealed submucosally invasive well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with a positive distal surgical margin.
  • Pathological examination revealed continuance within the epidermis between the anal canal adenocarcinoma and Paget's cells in the perianal skin lesion.
  • Thus, we concluded that the perianal skin lesion was Pagetoid spread of anal canal adenocarcinoma.
  • This report shows that the perianal skin should be examined carefully in patients with anal canal carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma. Aged. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 16794808.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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38. Kobayashi H, Ueno H, Hashiguchi Y, Ishiguro M, Omata J, Kajiwara Y, Shimazaki H, Mochizuki H: T1 neuroendocrine carcinoma of anal canal after transanal resection for intramucosal adenocarcinoma. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2006 May;36(5):325-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] T1 neuroendocrine carcinoma of anal canal after transanal resection for intramucosal adenocarcinoma.
  • Neuroendocrine carcinomas of the anal canal are rare, representing 1% of malignant tumors of the anal canal.
  • We describe the case of a 63-year-old female with T1 neuroendocrine carcinoma of the anal canal arising from the site of a previous transanal excision performed 13 months earlier for intramucosal adenocarcinoma of the anal canal.
  • In this case, it is likely that the neuroendocrine tumor, which infiltrated into the submucosal layer with venous invasion, had developed over the intervening 13 months following the original transanal excision of the adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Anal Canal / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Carcinoma, Neuroendocrine / etiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local

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  • (PMID = 16702164.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2811
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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39. Fukumoto K, Suzuki S, Sakaguchi T, Morita Y, Oishi K, Suzuki A, Inaba K, Kamiya K, Miura K, Konno H: Adenocarcinoma arising from gastric duplication: a case report with literature review. Clin J Gastroenterol; 2008 Dec;1(4):148-52

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma arising from gastric duplication: a case report with literature review.
  • We report the case of a 50-year-old man with adenocarcinoma derived from gastric duplication.
  • Under the diagnosis of gastric duplication cysts, the oral cyst was removed with the gastric wall and the other cyst lesion firmly adhered to the bulbus was treated with distal gastrectomy.
  • Based on histological findings showing adenocarcinoma in the anal duplication cyst wall and regional lymph node metastases and cancer invasion into the duodenal stump, pancreatoduodenectomy was performed 9 days after the initial surgery.

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  • (PMID = 26193693.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-7257
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adenocarcinoma / Alimentary tract duplication / Cancer development / Gastric duplication cyst
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40. Ishiyama S, Inoue S, Kobayashi K, Sano Y, Kushida N, Yamazaki Y, Yanaga K: Implantation of rectal cancer in an anal fistula: report of a case. Surg Today; 2006;36(8):747-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Implantation of rectal cancer in an anal fistula: report of a case.
  • A 53-year-old man who had had an anal fistula for 20 years was admitted to our hospital with a large intestinal obstruction.
  • After draining a perianal abscess caused by the anal fistula, we performed low anterior resection.
  • Histological examination of the perianal necrotic tissue obtained during resection of the perianal tumor encompassing the anal fistula revealed adenocarcinoma.
  • Since the histology of the perianal lesion was identical to that of the rectal cancer, a diagnosis of cancer implantation rather than carcinoma originating in the anal fistula was entertained.
  • Although the recurrence of rectal cancer by mucosal implantation is not uncommon, the coincidental implantation of rectal cancer in an anal fistula is extremely rare.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasm Seeding. Rectal Fistula / complications. Rectal Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16865523.001).
  • [ISSN] 0941-1291
  • [Journal-full-title] Surgery today
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Today
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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41. Lad SV, Haider MA, Brown CJ, Mcleod RS: MRI appearance of perianal carcinoma in Crohn's disease. J Magn Reson Imaging; 2007 Dec;26(6):1659-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A total of six patients with anorectal carcinoma (four mucinous adenocarcinoma, two squamous) in Crohn's disease were retrospectively reviewed.
  • The four cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma all displayed a pattern of lobulated fluid-filled cavities with delayed internal tissue enhancement.
  • The presence of a double-layered enhancement pattern was seen in both cases of squamous carcinoma and in only one of four cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma and one of 18 noncancer cases.
  • The pattern of contrast enhancement is valuable in the MRI diagnosis of carcinoma in perianal Crohn's disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Crohn Disease / complications. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17968942.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Contrast Media; 84F6U3J2R6 / gadodiamide; K2I13DR72L / Gadolinium DTPA
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42. Yokoyama Y, Nishimura Y, Yatsuoka T, Sakamoto H, Tanaka Y, Nishimura Y, Kurosumi M: [A case of anal metastasis from sigmoid colon cancer in a long-term survivor who had repeated local excisions]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2010 Nov;37(12):2585-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of anal metastasis from sigmoid colon cancer in a long-term survivor who had repeated local excisions].
  • Histopathological examination revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, tub 2, SS, ly2, v2, N1, H0, P0, M0, Stage IIIa, cur A.
  • In March 2001, he complained of an anal bleeding and underwent colonoscopy.
  • It showed a submucosal tumor 15 mm in diameter at the anal canal and the biopsy indicated a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • Histopathological examination revealed a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, which was the same histological type as primary sigmoid colon cancer, tub 2, A, ly2, v2, RM0.
  • The diagnosis of anal metastasis was made on the basis of three points.
  • First, tumor was covered with anal epithelium.
  • Thirdly, there were no findings of other primary anal cancer.
  • By removing anal canal metastases twice, inguinal lymph node metastases three times and lung metastases in each time, he survived for 11 years after a primary surgery.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Sigmoid Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21224647.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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43. Nakagawa S, Amano M, Yamashita S, Nishikawa Y, Higaki N, Hayashida H, Niinobu T, Yoshioka Y, Sakon M: [A case of effective chemoradiation therapy against anal fistula carcinoma recurred 10 years after surgery]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2006 Nov;33(12):1977-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of effective chemoradiation therapy against anal fistula carcinoma recurred 10 years after surgery].
  • A male in his eighties underwent abdominoperineal resection under the diagnosis of adenocarcinoma associated with anal fistula (P0, H0, n (-), A1, stage II, ly0, v0).
  • Biopsy specimen showed adenocarcinoma consisting of severe dysplastic cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Rectal Fistula / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17212165.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 1548R74NSZ / Tegafur; 56HH86ZVCT / Uracil; 1-UFT protocol
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44. Sato M, Ogawa H, Shibata C, Miura K, Ando T, Saijo F, Haneda S, Kakyo M, Kinouchi M, Fukushima K, Funayama Y, Takahashi K, Sasaki I: [A case of anal cancer with rapidly rising CEA in longstanding perianal Crohn disease after infliximab administration]. Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi; 2010 Jun;107(6):885-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [A case of anal cancer with rapidly rising CEA in longstanding perianal Crohn disease after infliximab administration].
  • The histological findings indicated mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • Monitoring of patients with long-standing perianal Crohn disease is considered essential for early diagnosis of anal cancer after obtaining biopsy samples from perianal lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / diagnosis. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / blood. Crohn Disease / drug therapy. Gastrointestinal Agents / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 20530924.001).
  • [ISSN] 0446-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi = The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Gastrointestinal Agents; B72HH48FLU / Infliximab
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45. Jeffreys M, Rachet B, McDowell S, Habib AG, Lepage C, Coleman MP: Survival from rectal and anal cancers in England and Wales, 1986-2001. Eur J Cancer; 2006 Jul;42(10):1434-40

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Survival from rectal and anal cancers in England and Wales, 1986-2001.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of tumour and patient characteristics on trends in the survival of patients with cancer of the anus or rectum in England and Wales.
  • Relative survival up to 5 years after diagnosis was estimated, using deprivation-specific life tables.
  • The results showed that 5-year relative survival was higher in women, younger patients and more affluent patients, and higher for anal cancer than rectal cancer.
  • The trend was more marked in younger and more affluent patients, and for adenocarcinoma and epidermoid carcinoma than for tumours with other morphology.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anus Neoplasms / mortality. England / epidemiology. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Survival Analysis. Wales / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16600590.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-8049
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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46. Val-Bernal JF, Mayorga M, Diego C, González-Vela MC: Pedunculated polypoid lymphangioma of the anal canal. Pathol Int; 2008 Jul;58(7):442-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pedunculated polypoid lymphangioma of the anal canal.
  • To the authors' knowledge a lymphangioma of the anal canal has not been reported.
  • Described herein is a case of pedunculated polypoid lymphangioma of the right lateral wall on the transitional zone of the anal canal measuring 1.7 x 1.3 x 1 cm in a 40-year-old woman.
  • A pedicle does not exclude the endoscopic diagnosis of lymphangioma.
  • Lymphangioma must be included in the differential diagnosis of polypoid lesions of the anal canal.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphangioma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adult. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Rectal Fistula / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18577114.001).
  • [ISSN] 1440-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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47. Dresen RC, Beets GH, Vliegen RF, Creytens DH, Beets-Tan RG: Linitis plastica of the rectum secondary to bladder carcinoma: a report of two cases and its MR features. Br J Radiol; 2008 Oct;81(970):e249-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A long delay between the onset of symptoms and the diagnosis often occurs because RLP can mimic a lot of diseases and endoscopy and biopsies are often negative, owing to the fact that the mucosa is frequently unaffected in RLP.
  • It is important to establish the diagnosis of RLP early because of its bad prognosis.
  • The value of MRI in supporting the diagnosis of RLP should not be underestimated.
  • As endoscopy plus biopsy can often be negative, we suggest that, if pelvic MRI shows a concentric double layered thickening of the rectal wall over a long segment, then the diagnosis of RLP should be considered.
  • This should prompt further investigations either to confirm or rule out the diagnosis of RLP by performing endoscopy with deep rectal wall biopsies.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Transitional Cell / secondary. Linitis Plastica / secondary. Rectal Neoplasms / secondary. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / therapy. Combined Modality Therapy. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Male. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18796553.001).
  • [ISSN] 1748-880X
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br J Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. Chen CW, Hsiao CW, Wu CC, Jao SW: Rectal prolapse as initial clinical manifestation of colon cancer. Z Gastroenterol; 2008 Apr;46(4):348-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • We describe the case of a 75-year-old woman who was diagnosed as having adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon after presenting with complete rectal prolapse.
  • The tumor caused rectosigmoid intussusception and then it prolapsed out through the anus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Rectal Prolapse / etiology. Sigmoid Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18393153.001).
  • [ISSN] 0044-2771
  • [Journal-full-title] Zeitschrift für Gastroenterologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Z Gastroenterol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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49. Shia J: An update on tumors of the anal canal. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 Nov;134(11):1601-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An update on tumors of the anal canal.
  • CONTEXT: The anal canal possesses complex anatomy and histology and gives rise to a variety of tumor types.
  • Challenging issues remain with regard to both the pathologic diagnosis and the clinical management of these tumors.
  • OBJECTIVES: To provide an updated overview of the histogenesis, clinical and pathologic characteristics, diagnostic terminology, and relevant clinical management of the various types of anal canal tumors.
  • DATA SOURCES: Recent literature on clinical and pathologic characteristics of anal canal tumors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although most anal canal tumors are of squamous lineage, a complex variety of other tumors also occurs.
  • Recognition of such diverse tumor entities will allow accurate pathologic diagnosis and most optimal clinical management.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Melanoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21043813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Cappell MS, Batke M: Invasive cancer in a diminutive rectal polyp amidst internal hemorrhoids detected by rectal retroflexion. South Med J; 2010 Sep;103(9):943-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A diminutive rectal polyp amidst internal hemorrhoids, detected by rectal retroflexion during colonoscopy, was shown to harbor invasive rectal adenocarcinoma by colonoscopic biopsy.
  • This case report also illustrates how easily an early cancer in a diminutive colonic polyp can be missed when in difficult areas of colonoscopic inspection, such as behind a colonic fold or immediately above the anus.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Colonoscopy. Hemorrhoids / pathology. Intestinal Polyps / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy. Early Diagnosis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Rectum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20689479.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-8243
  • [Journal-full-title] Southern medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] South. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Gojnic M, Dugalic V, Papic M, Vidaković S, Milićević S, Pervulov M: The significance of detailed examination of hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol; 2005;32(3):183-4
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  • Urged by the complications of non-treated hemorrhoids, we carried out a routine diagnostic procedure to examine hemorrhoids during pregnancy, i.e. a differential diagnosis with other possible complications was performed.
  • One of the patients had clinical cachexia, and in view of the fact that the magnetic resonance imaging during pregnancy showed infiltration and that the patient was 38 years old, with the patient's consent, surgery was performed together with hysterectomy and salpingo-oophorectomy and immediate removal of the rectum and anus.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemorrhoids / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis. Rectum / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Age Factors. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Endoscopy. Female. Humans. Incidence. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Trimester, Second. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery. Treatment Outcome. Yugoslavia / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16433160.001).
  • [ISSN] 0390-6663
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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52. Lisovsky M, Patel K, Cymes K, Chase D, Bhuiya T, Morgenstern N: Immunophenotypic characterization of anal gland carcinoma: loss of p63 and cytokeratin 5/6. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2007 Aug;131(8):1304-11
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  • [Title] Immunophenotypic characterization of anal gland carcinoma: loss of p63 and cytokeratin 5/6.
  • Anal gland carcinoma (AGC) is a rare perianal invasive cancer composed of tubular glands lined by cuboidal epithelium.
  • The clinical features and histogenesis of AGC are not well understood and its origin from anal glands is often difficult to prove.
  • Little is known about immunophenotypic features of AGC that could be useful in establishing the diagnosis.
  • This study evaluated the immunohistochemical profile of 2 cases of AGC in comparison to anal glands from 11 hemorrhoidectomy specimens.
  • In biopsies from this case, the neoplastic anal glands had a tubular pattern, whereas most glands in the resection specimen exhibited mucinous features.
  • Normal anal glands showed immunoreactivity for myoepithelial and basal cell markers CK5/6 and p63 in basal and parabasal cell layers and for CK7 in superficial cell layers.
  • Anal gland carcinoma shares negativity for CDX2 and CK7+/CK20- profile with normal anal glands.
  • No evidence of myoepithelial cells was found in normal or malignant anal glands.
  • These data may be useful in establishing the diagnosis of AGC.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Keratin-5 / metabolism. Keratin-6 / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Anal Canal / metabolism. Anal Canal / pathology. Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect. Hemorrhoids / pathology. Hemorrhoids / surgery. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Immunophenotyping. Male. Middle Aged

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  • [CommentIn] Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2008 Oct;132(10):1547-8 [18834205.001]
  • (PMID = 17683193.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CKAP4 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-5; 0 / Keratin-6; 0 / Membrane Proteins
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53. Kariv R, Remzi FH, Lian L, Bennett AE, Kiran RP, Kariv Y, Fazio VW, Lavery IC, Shen B: Preoperative colorectal neoplasia increases risk for pouch neoplasia in patients with restorative proctocolectomy. Gastroenterology; 2010 Sep;139(3):806-12, 812.e1-2
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  • BACKGROUND & AIMS: Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) has substantially reduced the risk for ulcerative colitis (UC)-associated dysplasia or cancer (neoplasia).
  • METHODS: A total of 3203 patients with a preoperative diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease underwent restorative proctocolectomy with IPAA from 1984 to 2009 at the Cleveland Clinic.
  • Thirty-eight patients (1.19%) had pouch neoplasia, including 11 (0.36%) with adenocarcinoma of the pouch and/or the anal-transitional zone (ATZ), 1 (0.03%) with pouch lymphoma, 3 with squamous cell cancer of the ATZ, and 23 with dysplasia (0.72%).
  • In the Cox model, the risk factor associated with pouch neoplasia was a preoperative diagnosis of UC-associated cancer or dysplasia, with adjusted hazard ratios of 13.43 (95% confidence interval: 3.96-45.53; P < .001) and 3.62 (95% confidence interval: 1.59-8.23; P = .002), respectively.
  • A preoperative diagnosis of dysplasia or cancer of colon or rectum is a risk factor for pouch dysplasia or adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / etiology. Colonic Pouches / adverse effects. Colorectal Neoplasms / surgery. Ileal Neoplasms / etiology. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases / surgery. Proctocolectomy, Restorative / adverse effects

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Gastroenterology. 2011 Mar;140(3):1107-8; author reply 1108-9 [21272556.001]
  • (PMID = 20537999.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0012
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Rousset P, Hoeffel C: [Tumors of the rectum: MRI and CT features]. J Radiol; 2007 Nov;88(11 Pt 1):1679-87
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / radiography. Adenoma, Villous / diagnosis. Adenoma, Villous / radiography. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / radiography. Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / radiography. Carcinoid Tumor / diagnosis. Carcinoid Tumor / radiography. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / radiography. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / radiography. Hemangioma, Cavernous / diagnosis. Hemangioma, Cavernous / radiography. Humans. Leiomyoma / diagnosis. Leiomyoma / radiography. Lymphoma / diagnosis. Lymphoma / radiography. Male. Melanoma / diagnosis. Melanoma / radiography. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Rectum / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18065927.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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55. Chetty R, Serra S, Hsieh E: Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the anal canal with an adenoid cystic pattern: histologic and immunohistochemical reappraisal of an unusual variant. Am J Surg Pathol; 2005 Dec;29(12):1668-72
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  • [Title] Basaloid squamous carcinoma of the anal canal with an adenoid cystic pattern: histologic and immunohistochemical reappraisal of an unusual variant.
  • Two cases of a distinctive variety of basaloid squamous carcinoma (BSC) of the anal canal are described.
  • BSC of the anal canal with an adenoid cystic pattern is an infrequently encountered and reported variant, although it is seen more often in the aerodigestive tract.
  • The histologic differential diagnosis is true salivary gland-type adenoid cystic carcinoma and basal cell adenocarcinoma.
  • Immunohistochemistry and awareness of this unusual pattern of BSC will facilitate the correct diagnosis being reached.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / pathology. Carcinoma, Basal Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Basosquamous / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16327441.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TP63 protein, human; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 50SG953SK6 / Mitomycin; 68238-35-7 / Keratins; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; U3P01618RT / Fluorouracil
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56. Uronis HE, Bendell JC: Anal cancer: an overview. Oncologist; 2007 May;12(5):524-34
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  • [Title] Anal cancer: an overview.
  • Anal cancer is a rare tumor with an incidence that has been rising over the last 25 years.
  • HIV infection is also associated with anal cancer; there is a higher incidence in HIV-positive patients but the direct relationship between HIV and anal cancer has been difficult to separate from the prevalence of HPV in this population.
  • HIV infection is also associated with anal cancer; there are increasing numbers of HIV-positive patients being diagnosed with the disease.
  • Treatment of anal cancer prior to the 1970s involved abdominoperineal resection, but the standard of care is now concurrent chemoradiation therapy, with surgery reserved for those patients with residual disease.
  • We present a case of anal cancer followed by a general discussion of both risk factors and treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / epidemiology. Adenocarcinoma / therapy. HIV Infections / complications. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Papillomavirus Infections / complications. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 17522240.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-7159
  • [Journal-full-title] The oncologist
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncologist
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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57. Lian P, Gu WL, Zhang Z, Cai GX, Wang MH, Xu Y, Sheng WQ, Cai SJ: Retrospective analysis of perianal Paget's disease with underlying anorectal carcinoma. World J Gastroenterol; 2010 Jun 21;16(23):2943-8
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  • Detailed patient histories of past medical condition, diagnosis, treatment, and pathological findings were reviewed.
  • Surgical specimen from diagnosis and surgery were reviewed by two independent pathologists for confirmation of diagnoses.
  • All patients had underlying anorectal adenocarcinoma, including seven with synchronous lesions and one with metachronous lesions.
  • The median age at diagnosis was 65 (range 29-81 years), and the male/female ratio was 7:1.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Paget Disease, Extramammary / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • [Cites] Acta Pathol Jpn. 1991 May;41(5):386-93 [1651042.001]
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  • (PMID = 20556842.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2887592
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58. Karamercan A, Tatlicioglu E, Ferahkose Z: Strangulation of a prolapsed rectal cancer in labor: a case report. J Reprod Med; 2007 Jun;52(6):545-7
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  • Delayed diagnosis due to confusing significant lower gastrointestinal symptoms with pregnancy-associated gastrointestinal changes is a common feature.
  • From the increasing intraabdominal pressure during delivery, a tumor can prolapse throu the anus and develop incarceration and strangulation, but that is seen a extremely rarely, CASE: A 33-year-old woman was found to have a prolapsing rectal cancer through the anus during delivery, and it progressed to incarceration, CONCLUSION: Colorectal cancer during pregnancy is rare and mostly localized to the rectum.
  • The choice of surgical procedure is controversial if the preoperative diagnosis is not clear.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Obstetric Labor Complications / pathology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / pathology. Rectal Neoplasms / complications. Rectal Prolapse / complications


59. Léautaud A, Marcus C, Ben Salem D, Bouché O, Graesslin O, Hoeffel C: [Pelvic MRI at 3.0 Tesla]. J Radiol; 2009 Mar;90(3 Pt 1):277-86
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis. Genital Neoplasms, Female / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods. Prostatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Rectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Artifacts. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Endometriosis / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy. Male. Rectal Fistula / diagnosis. Sensitivity and Specificity. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19421112.001).
  • [ISSN] 0221-0363
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal de radiologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Radiol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Number-of-references] 43
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60. Aflalo-Hazan V, Rousset P, Mourra N, Lewin M, Azizi L, Hoeffel C: Tailgut cysts: MRI findings. Eur Radiol; 2008 Nov;18(11):2586-93
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  • Histological examination demonstrated 11 tailgut cysts (TGC), including one infected TGC and one TGC with a component of adenocarcinoma.
  • Lesions (3-8 cm in diameter) were exclusively or partly retrorectal in all cases but one, with an extension down the anal canal in five cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Diseases / diagnosis. Cysts / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods

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  • (PMID = 18566821.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1084
  • [Journal-full-title] European radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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61. Longacre TA, Kong CS, Welton ML: Diagnostic problems in anal pathology. Adv Anat Pathol; 2008 Sep;15(5):263-78
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  • [Title] Diagnostic problems in anal pathology.
  • Anal squamous cell carcinoma and its precursor lesions are increasing in incidence in the United States and Europe.
  • Screening protocols for at-risk patients are under active investigation and pathologists are often asked to assess anal canal and perianal biopsies for the presence of dysplasia and/or invasive carcinoma.
  • Because underdiagnosis and overdiagnosis of anal cancer and precancer may lead to inappropriate treatment, it is important for the pathologist to be aware of current screening strategies, specific risk lesions, and the role of pathology in initial diagnosis and evaluation of anal biopsy and/or resection specimens.
  • Standardized histologic criteria and uniform terminology should be used for reporting all anal canal and perianal squamous intraepithelial lesions.
  • HPV subtyping, anal cytology, and recently identified biomarkers, such as p16 and Becton Dickinson ProEx C may provide additional information in problematic cases, but it is important to be aware of the limitations of these assays.
  • HPV has been linked to all the major histologic subtypes of anal carcinoma (eg, basaloid, cloacogenic, transitional, etc.) and this association is strongest for anal canal lesions.
  • With the possible exception of the microcystic pattern, histologic subtype does not seem to predict prognosis; and anal squamous cell carcinomas should be classified as either keratinizing or nonkeratinizing.
  • Poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas have a worse prognosis and should be distinguished from poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, melanoma, and neuroendocrine tumors.
  • As all anal condylomata may harbor foci of high-grade dysplasia or invasive carcinoma, careful sectioning and complete histologic examination is required.
  • [MeSH-major] Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma, Verrucous / pathology. Condylomata Acuminata / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Papillomaviridae / genetics. Risk Factors. Terminology as Topic

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  • (PMID = 18724100.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4031
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 73
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62. Ferenschild FT, Vermaas M, Hofer SO, Verhoef C, Eggermont AM, de Wilt JH: Salvage abdominoperineal resection and perineal wound healing in local recurrent or persistent anal cancer. World J Surg; 2005 Nov;29(11):1452-7
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  • [Title] Salvage abdominoperineal resection and perineal wound healing in local recurrent or persistent anal cancer.
  • The primary treatment for anal cancer is chemoradiation (CRT).
  • A major problem of surgery in the anal area is poor healing of the perineal wound.
  • Between 1985 and 2000, 129 patients treated for anal cancer were retrospectively reviewed.
  • Mean age at diagnosis was 59 (range: 41-83) years.
  • In the present study salvage APR in recurrent or persistent anal cancer results in good local control and 5-year overall survival of 30%.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Salvage Therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / mortality. Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Perineum / surgery. Retrospective Studies. Surgical Flaps. Wound Healing

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  • (PMID = 16222445.001).
  • [ISSN] 0364-2313
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Garrett K, Kalady MF: Anal neoplasms. Surg Clin North Am; 2010 Feb;90(1):147-61, Table of Contents
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anal neoplasms.
  • A variety of lesions comprise tumors of the anal canal, with carcinoma in situ and epidermoid cancers being the most common.
  • Less common anal neoplasms include adenocarcinoma, melanoma, gastrointestinal stromal cell tumors, neuroendocrine tumors, and Buschke-Lowenstein tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Carcinoma in Situ / pathology. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology. Carcinoma, Verrucous / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Verrucous / pathology. Humans. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / surgery. Prognosis. Rectal Neoplasms / surgery

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20109639.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-3171
  • [Journal-full-title] The Surgical clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Surg. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 105
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64. Mitsuya J, Hara H, Ito K, Ishii N, Hashimoto T, Terui T: Metastatic ovarian carcinoma-associated subepidermal blistering disease with autoantibodies to both the p200 dermal antigen and the gamma 2 subunit of laminin 5 showing unusual clinical features. Br J Dermatol; 2008 Jun;158(6):1354-7
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  • Clinical features showed severe blisters and erosions on multiple mucous membranes (i.e. lip, oral cavity, nose, eye, genitalia and anus) and on both the periungual and subungual regions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / secondary. Antigens, Neoplasm / immunology. Autoantibodies / immunology. Blister / immunology. Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita / diagnosis. Laminin / immunology. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 18294311.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2133
  • [Journal-full-title] The British journal of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Immunoglobulin G; 0 / LAMC2 protein, human; 0 / Laminin; 0 / antigen p200
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65. Dyson T, Draganov PV: Squamous cell cancer of the rectum. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Sep 21;15(35):4380-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Diagnosis relies on endoscopic examination with biopsy of the lesion.
  • Distinction from squamous cell cancer of the anus can be difficult, but can be facilitated by immunohistochemical staining for cytokeratins.
  • Compared to adenocarcinoma of the rectum and squamous cell cancer of the anal canal, squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum has different epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, and prognosis but, most importantly, requires a different therapeutic approach.

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  • (PMID = 19764088.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
  • [Number-of-references] 76
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2747057
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66. Ghigna MR, Drak Alsibai K, Porras J, Palazzo L, Godchaux JM, Fabre M: Deep-seated rectal/anal basaloid carcinoma: useful immunocytochemistry in rare squamous cell carcinoma variants. Cytopathology; 2009 Oct;20(5):315-20
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Deep-seated rectal/anal basaloid carcinoma: useful immunocytochemistry in rare squamous cell carcinoma variants.
  • OBJECTIVES: To report the cytological aspects of ano-rectal basaloid carcinoma (BC) variant in endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) conventional and liquid-based cytology (LBC), in a series of 10 cases of deep-seated squamous cell carcinomas (SCC), and to discuss the diagnostic difficulties in interpreting the morphology and immunocytochemical findings.
  • Of these two cases, only one was correctly diagnosed by EUS-FNA specimen, whereas in the second case, the initial cytological diagnosis was poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and the final diagnosis of basaloid carcinoma variant was established on surgical resection.
  • Immunocytochemistry (ICC) using CK7, CK20 and CK34betae12 on FNA specimens confirmed the diagnosis retrospectively.
  • CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of basaloid variant of SCC in a rectal location can be very difficult, both on account of the uncommon location and because of the low specificity of morphological aspects on EUS-FNA smears.
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Neoplasms, Basal Cell. Rectal Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 18540877.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2303
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytopathology : official journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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67. Itah R, Werbin N, Skornick Y, Greenberg R: [Anal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising in long standing fistula-in-ano]. Harefuah; 2008 Feb;147(2):117-9, 183
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Anal mucinous adenocarcinoma arising in long standing fistula-in-ano].
  • Perianal mucinous adenocarcinoma is an unusual but well described malignancy constituting approximately 3 to 11% of all anal carcinoma.
  • The pathology is thought to develop from one of three types, the distal part of the rectum, the mucin-secreting columnar epithelium of the anal glands, and from chronic fistula-in-ano.
  • The association of carcinoma with anal fistula may manifest itself in several ways: a fistula may be associated with cancer elsewhere in the colon; cancer may present as a fistula; or cancer may develop in anal fistula.
  • Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the anus supervening on a long-standing chronic anal fistula is an extremely rare disease with less then 150 cases reported in the literature, mainly single patient reports.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / etiology. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Rectal Fistula / complications

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  • (PMID = 18357666.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-7768
  • [Journal-full-title] Harefuah
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Harefuah
  • [Language] heb
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Israel
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68. Ikeuchi H, Nakano H, Uchino M, Nakamura M, Matsuoka H, Fukuda Y, Matsumoto T, Takesue Y, Tomita N: Intestinal cancer in Crohn's disease. Hepatogastroenterology; 2008 Nov-Dec;55(88):2121-4
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Crohn's Disease.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • AIMS: We investigated Crohn's Disease (CD) patients with carcinomas in the intestinal tract to emphasize the difficulty in establishing a diagnosis, as well as show the importance of establishing formal guidelines for screening and surveillance of cancers associated with perianal CD.
  • RESULTS: In 9 of the patients, carcinomas developed in relation to CD, 7 of whom had cancer of the lower rectum and anus with severe anorectal CD lesions.
  • Mucinous cell type carcinomas were present in 6 patients, while signet ring cell type was found in 2 patients and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma in 1.

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  • (PMID = 19260489.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-6390
  • [Journal-full-title] Hepato-gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hepatogastroenterology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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69. Matsuo K, Hew KE, Im DD, Rosenshein NB: Clitoral metastasis of anal adenocarcinoma associated with rectovaginal fistula in long standing Crohn's disease. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol; 2009 Jun;144(2):182-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Vulvar Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clitoral metastasis of anal adenocarcinoma associated with rectovaginal fistula in long standing Crohn's disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Clitoris / pathology. Crohn Disease / complications. Rectovaginal Fistula / complications. Vulvar Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 19406559.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-7654
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Obstet. Gynecol. Reprod. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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70. Selvaggi F, Guadagni I, Pellino G, De Rosa M, Imbrogno G, Sciaudone G: Perianal Paget's disease happening with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the anal canal: managing rarities. J Cutan Pathol; 2010 Nov;37(11):1182-3
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perianal Paget's disease happening with mucinous adenocarcinoma of the anal canal: managing rarities.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous / complications. Anal Canal / pathology. Anus Neoplasms / complications. Paget Disease, Extramammary / complications

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  • (PMID = 19702687.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0560
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cutaneous pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cutan. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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71. Lou SX, Wang LX, Shi HQ: [Extramammary Paget's disease due to underlying anal canal adenocarcinoma]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Nov;35(11):701
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Skin Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Extramammary Paget's disease due to underlying anal canal adenocarcinoma].
  • [MeSH-major] Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Paget Disease, Extramammary / secretion. Skin Neoplasms / secretion
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Anal Canal / chemistry. Anal Canal / pathology. Anal Canal / surgery. Carcinoembryonic Antigen / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Keratin-20 / analysis. Male. Middle Aged. Mucin-1 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17374224.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carcinoembryonic Antigen; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Mucin-1
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72. Linehan G, Cahill RA, Kalimuthu SN, O'Connell F, Redmond HP, Kirwan WO: Adenocarcinoma arising in the ileoanal pouch after restorative proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis. Int J Colorectal Dis; 2008 Mar;23(3):329-30
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Anal Cancer.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Adenocarcinoma arising in the ileoanal pouch after restorative proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / etiology. Adenomatous Polyposis Coli / surgery. Anus Neoplasms / etiology. Colonic Pouches / adverse effects. Proctocolectomy, Restorative / adverse effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Colonoscopy. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 18030481.001).
  • [ISSN] 0179-1958
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of colorectal disease
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Colorectal Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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73. Kładny J: [Comment to the study: Metastasis to brain from rectal cancer as the first manifestation of neoplasmatic disease]. Wiad Lek; 2006;59(5-6):436
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Brain Tumors.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / secondary
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Diagnostic Errors / prevention & control. Female. Humans

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  • [CommentOn] Wiad Lek. 2006;59(5-6):422-3 [17017496.001]
  • (PMID = 17017500.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-5147
  • [Journal-full-title] Wiadomości lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wiad. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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74. Lee JM, Kim SH: [Adenocarcinomas of right-side colon diagnosed at CT colonography in patient who failed to be performed colonoscopy due to anal stricture]. Korean J Gastroenterol; 2005 May;45(5):309-11
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Colonoscopy.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Adenocarcinomas of right-side colon diagnosed at CT colonography in patient who failed to be performed colonoscopy due to anal stricture].
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colonography, Computed Tomographic. Colonoscopy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Anus Diseases / complications. Colon, Ascending. Constriction, Pathologic. Humans. Male. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 15908762.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-9992
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of gastroenterology = Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe chi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Gastroenterol
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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75. Shintani F, Izumi M, Fujimura N: Neuroleptic malignant syndrome versus malignant disease: idiosyncratic or synchronous? Lancet; 2009 Jul 4;374(9683):90
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. LITHIUM CARBONATE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Anus Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Antidepressive Agents / adverse effects. Antimanic Agents / adverse effects. Bipolar Disorder / complications. Bipolar Disorder / drug therapy. Causality. Colonoscopy. Creatine Kinase / blood. Creatine Kinase, MB Form / blood. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Fever / etiology. Humans. Lithium Carbonate / adverse effects. Male. Middle Aged. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19577697.001).
  • [ISSN] 1474-547X
  • [Journal-full-title] Lancet (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lancet
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antidepressive Agents; 0 / Antimanic Agents; 2BMD2GNA4V / Lithium Carbonate; EC 2.7.3.2 / Creatine Kinase; EC 2.7.3.2 / Creatine Kinase, MB Form
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