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1. Clavero JM, Deschamps C, Cassivi SD, Allen MS, Nichols FC 3rd, Barrette BA, Larson DR, Pairolero PC: Gynecologic cancers: factors affecting survival after pulmonary metastasectomy. Ann Thorac Surg; 2006 Jun;81(6):2004-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • RESULTS: There were 103 patients, 70 of whom had metastatic disease limited to the lungs.
  • The primary tumor originated in the uterine corpus in 37 patients, endometrium in 23, cervix in 7, ovaries in 2, and vagina in 1.
  • Histopathology was leiomyosarcoma in 29 patients, adenocarcinoma in 23, other sarcoma in 11, squamous cell carcinoma in 5, and choriocarcinoma and endolymphatic stromal myosis in 1 each.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pulmonary resection for metastatic gynecologic cancer in selected patients is safe and effective.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / mortality. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / mortality. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / surgery. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / therapy. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Choriocarcinoma / mortality. Choriocarcinoma / secondary. Choriocarcinoma / surgery. Choriocarcinoma / therapy. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease-Free Survival. Endometrial Stromal Tumors / mortality. Endometrial Stromal Tumors / secondary. Endometrial Stromal Tumors / surgery. Endometrial Stromal Tumors / therapy. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Hysterectomy. Leiomyosarcoma / mortality. Leiomyosarcoma / secondary. Leiomyosarcoma / surgery. Leiomyosarcoma / therapy. Life Tables. Lymph Node Excision. Middle Aged. Ovarian Neoplasms / mortality. Ovarian Neoplasms / therapy. Ovariectomy. Postoperative Complications / mortality. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Sarcoma / mortality. Sarcoma / secondary. Sarcoma / surgery. Sarcoma / therapy. Survival Analysis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / mortality. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / therapy. Uterine Neoplasms / mortality. Uterine Neoplasms / therapy. Vaginal Neoplasms / mortality. Vaginal Neoplasms / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16731120.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-6259
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of thoracic surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Thorac. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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2. Hadler-Olsen E, Wetting HL, Rikardsen O, Steigen SE, Kanapathippillai P, Grénman R, Winberg JO, Svineng G, Uhlin-Hansen L: Stromal impact on tumor growth and lymphangiogenesis in human carcinoma xenografts. Virchows Arch; 2010 Dec;457(6):677-92
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  • Squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) arising in the oral cavity are associated with poor survival, mainly due to metastatic disease.
  • Two oral and two skin SCC cell lines were used, as well as an endometrial adenocarcinoma cell line.
  • The difference in lymphatic vessel density between tongue and skin tumors may be important in directing metastatic potential of tumors arising in these organs.

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  • (PMID = 20890764.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2307
  • [Journal-full-title] Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Virchows Arch.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Serum Amyloid P-Component; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2995317
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3. Burbos N, Giarenis I, Ostrowski J, Lonsdale R, Nieto JJ: Synchronous diagnosis of multiple tumours in a postmenopausal woman. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2009 Oct;280(4):627-30
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  • Histopathology showed a Grade 3 endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • Both ovaries were completely replaced by partially necrotic poorly differentiated endometrioid adenocarcinoma.
  • Small deposits of metastatic adenocarcinoma were seen within the omentum.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenoma / diagnosis. Colonic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Genital Neoplasms, Female / diagnosis. Liposarcoma / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19198863.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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4. Mosca F, Stracqualursi A, Persi A, Portale TR, Zappalà O, Latteri S: Multiple primary malignancies. A rare case of five metachronous tumours. G Chir; 2005 Aug-Sep;26(8-9):302-6
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  • The Authors report on a patient admitted several times for the occurrence of five multiple metachronous primary malignancies (laryngeal carcinoma, endometrial adenocarcinoma, rectal cancerous polyp, Vaterpapilla carcinoma and transverse colon cancer).
  • All five carcinomas were independent primary cancers and the lenghty time intervals between the onsets of each individual tumours confirm their independent non-metastatic origin.

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  • (PMID = 16329771.001).
  • [ISSN] 0391-9005
  • [Journal-full-title] Il Giornale di chirurgia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] G Chir
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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5. Ikeda S, Yajima M, Hida K, Hattori M, Shimizu S, Umezaki I, Nishikawa T, Ohta H: Sister Joseph umbilical nodule coexisting with endometriosis from endometrial carcinoma. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2006 Jan;273(4):250-2
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  • [Title] Sister Joseph umbilical nodule coexisting with endometriosis from endometrial carcinoma.
  • A 58-year-old woman was diagnosed with endometrial carcinoma.
  • The nodule was identified as a metastasis from endometrial cancer with endometriosis.
  • The pelvic lymph nodes also showed metastatic lesion with endometriosis.
  • Our case showed that endometriosis coexisted with umbilical and pelvic lymph nodal metastatic lesions from endometrial cancer.
  • This fact suggests that the mode of metastasis to the umbilicus via lymph flow from endometrial cancer is the same as that for endometriosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Endometriosis / complications. Umbilicus / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16096837.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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6. Voglmayr E, Widder J: [Who makes decisions--the dilemma of decision-making within the framework of job-sharing in a hospital]. Wien Med Wochenschr; 2006 May;156(9-10):314-7
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  • At first she refused postoperative chemotherapy, but then returned with a very advanced state of metastatic growth.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Communication. Decision Making. Endometrial Neoplasms / therapy. Interprofessional Relations. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / therapy. Ovarian Neoplasms / therapy. Palliative Care / methods. Patient Care Team. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / secondary. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / therapy

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  • [Cites] Med Health Care Philos. 2003;6(3):235-46 [14620460.001]
  • (PMID = 16830254.001).
  • [ISSN] 0043-5341
  • [Journal-full-title] Wiener medizinische Wochenschrift (1946)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Wien Med Wochenschr
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Austria
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Analgesics, Opioid
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7. Papadimitriou CA, Bafaloukos D, Bozas G, Kalofonos H, Kosmidis P, Aravantinos G, Fountzilas G, Dimopoulos MA, Hellenic Co-operative Oncology Group: Paclitaxel, epirubicin, and carboplatin in advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma: a Hellenic Co-operative Oncology Group (HeCOG) study. Gynecol Oncol; 2008 Jul;110(1):87-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Paclitaxel, epirubicin, and carboplatin in advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma: a Hellenic Co-operative Oncology Group (HeCOG) study.
  • OBJECTIVE: Taxanes, anthracyclines, and platinum compounds represent the chemotherapeutic agents with the greatest activity in metastatic endometrial carcinoma.
  • We administered the combination of paclitaxel, epirubicin and carboplatin to patients with metastatic or recurrent carcinoma of the endometrium to evaluate its activity and to define its toxicity.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The combination of paclitaxel, epirubicin and carboplatin with G-CSF support appears active in patients with metastatic or recurrent carcinoma of the endometrium.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Adult. Aged. Carboplatin / administration & dosage. Carcinoma, Papillary / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Epirubicin / administration & dosage. Female. Greece. Humans. Injections, Intravenous. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Paclitaxel / administration & dosage. Patient Selection. Recurrence

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  • (PMID = 18455782.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3Z8479ZZ5X / Epirubicin; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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8. Pellerin GP, Finan MA: Endometrial cancer in women 45 years of age or younger: a clinicopathological analysis. Am J Obstet Gynecol; 2005 Nov;193(5):1640-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endometrial cancer in women 45 years of age or younger: a clinicopathological analysis.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the experience with endometrial carcinoma in women < or =45 years of age at Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, La.
  • STUDY DESIGN: We evaluated the clinical history, treatment, and follow-up of 38 women < or =45 years of age diagnosed with endometrial cancer.
  • RESULTS: Thirty-eight patients received primary treatment for endometrial cancer: stage I, 32 (84.2%); stage II, 1 (2.6%); stage III, 4 (10.5%); stage IV, 1 (2.6%).
  • At end of study period 32 women (84.2%) were alive with no evidence of disease, 5 had died of recurrent disease, and 1 died of metastatic breast cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma. Endometrial Neoplasms

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  • (PMID = 16260203.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6868
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Humber C, Tierney J, Symonds P, Collingwood M, Kirwan J, Williams C, Green J: Chemotherapy for advanced, recurrent or metastatic endometrial carcinoma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2005;(3):CD003915
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chemotherapy for advanced, recurrent or metastatic endometrial carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Endometrial adenocarcinoma is a common gynaecological cancer, but a comparatively small proportion of patients present with or develop recurrent or advanced disease.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess any benefits or adverse effects of cytotoxic chemotherapy in women with advanced, recurrent or metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • Only one trial showed a significant survival benefit from the addition of paclitaxel to combination chemotherapy, but this was at the expense of increased toxicity.
  • There were no comparative trials of chemotherapy with endocrine therapy AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The optimum cytotoxic drug regimen for advanced endometrial adenocarcinoma has still to be defined although our review suggests that it may contain paclitaxel or platinum.
  • These mainly North American and European trial populations represent a highly selected subgroup of the 10, 000 women dying annually from this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy

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  • [UpdateIn] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;(4):CD003915 [16235346.001]
  • (PMID = 16034916.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 109
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10. D'souza MM, Sharma R, Tripathi M, Saw SK, Anand A, Singh D, Mondal A: Cervical and uterine metastasis from carcinoma of breast diagnosed by PET/CT: an unusual presentation. Clin Nucl Med; 2010 Oct;35(10):820-3
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  • Clinical examination raised the suspicion of cervical neoplasia which was confirmed to be a metastatic adenocarcinoma on subsequent histopathological evaluation.
  • An F-18 FDG PET/CT scan performed soon after revealed increased uptake in the cervix, extending upwards into the endometrial cavity.
  • Endometrial biopsy showed infiltrative malignant tumor with cytologic features similar to those observed in the breast biopsy specimen.


11. Cocco E, Hu Z, Richter CE, Bellone S, Casagrande F, Bellone M, Todeschini P, Krikun G, Silasi DA, Azodi M, Schwartz PE, Rutherford TJ, Buza N, Pecorelli S, Lockwood CJ, Santin AD: hI-con1, a factor VII-IgGFc chimeric protein targeting tissue factor for immunotherapy of uterine serous papillary carcinoma. Br J Cancer; 2010 Sep 7;103(6):812-9
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  • BACKGROUND: Uterine serous papillary adenocarcinoma (USPC) is a highly aggressive variant of endometrial cancer.
  • RESULTS: Cytoplasmic and/or membrane TF expression was observed in all 16 (100%) USPC samples tested by IHC, but not in normal endometrium.
  • High expression of TF was found in 50% (three out of six) of the USPC cell lines tested by real-time PCR and flow cytometry when compared with normal endometrial cells (NECs; P<0.001).
  • Uterine serous papillary adenocarcinoma cell lines overexpressing TF, regardless of their high or low HER2/neu expression, were highly sensitive to IDCC (mean killing+/-s.d., 65.6+/-3.7%, range 57.5-77.0%, P<0.001), although negligible cytotoxicity against USPC was seen in the absence of hI-con1 or in the presence of Rituximab control antibody.
  • The hI-con1 may represent a novel therapeutic agent for the treatment of patients harbouring advanced, recurrent and/or metastatic USPC refractory to standard treatment modalities.

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  • (PMID = 20700124.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1827
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016359; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA122728; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-16359; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA122728-01A2
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 9001-25-6 / Factor VII
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2966612
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12. Parini CL, Mathis D, Leath CA 3rd: Occult metastatic lung carcinoma presenting as locally advanced uterine carcinosarcoma on positron emission tomography/computed tomography imaging. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2007 May-Jun;17(3):731-4
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  • [Title] Occult metastatic lung carcinoma presenting as locally advanced uterine carcinosarcoma on positron emission tomography/computed tomography imaging.
  • The patient reported a history of intermittent postmenopausal bleeding and an endometrial biopsy documented uterine carcinosarcoma.
  • Postoperative pathologic review and immunohistochemical staining with thyroid transcription factor-1 revealed metastatic adenocarcinoma consistent with her lung primary in her uterus and adnexa.

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  • (PMID = 17504386.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Paszkiewicz-Gadek A, Porowska H, Pietruczuk M, Haczynski J, Kisiel DG, Wolczynski S: Effect of estradiol and raloxifene on MUC1 expression and adhesive properties of Ishikawa cells. Oncol Rep; 2005 Aug;14(2):583-9
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  • Steroid regulation of MUC1 gene expression is essential, since overexpression of MUC1 may influence the metastatic potential of cancer cells.
  • Our earlier results demonstrated that tamoxifen, alone and combined with estradiol, inhibits MUC1 biosynthesis in endometrial adenocarcinoma cells, in contrast to estradiol.
  • Therefore, raloxifene, which stimulates MUC1 expression in cancer cells and inhibits their adhesion to collagen to a lesser degree than estradiol, may be a clinically safe treatment for the endometrium.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal / pharmacology. Antigens, CD29 / metabolism. Cell Adhesion / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Endometrial Neoplasms / metabolism. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Epitopes / metabolism. Estrogen Antagonists / pharmacology. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Integrin alpha2 / immunology. Integrin alpha2 / metabolism. Polysaccharides / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16012748.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD29; 0 / Epitopes; 0 / Estrogen Antagonists; 0 / Integrin alpha2; 0 / Mucin-1; 0 / Polysaccharides; 4F86W47BR6 / Raloxifene Hydrochloride; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol
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14. Olcha P, Cybulski M, Skomra D, Obrzut B, Ignatov A, Jóźwik M, Schneider-Stock R, Semczuk A: The pattern of p14ARF expression in primary and metastatic human endometrial carcinomas: correlation with clinicopathological features and TP53 pathway alterations. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2010 Aug;20(6):993-9
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  • [Title] The pattern of p14ARF expression in primary and metastatic human endometrial carcinomas: correlation with clinicopathological features and TP53 pathway alterations.
  • OBJECTIVES: Alterations of p53 pathway (p14(ARF)/MDM2/p53) play a crucial role in the development and progression of various human neoplasms, including endometrial carcinoma (EC).
  • The aim of the current research was to examine the p14(ARF) expression pattern in primary ECs and corresponding metastatic lesions.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 47 primary ECs and corresponding metastatic lesions applying immunohistochemistry and investigated the relationship between p14(ARF) overexpression and clinicopathological variables of carcinoma as well as TP53 alterations.
  • RESULTS: Protein expression was predominantly nuclear, present in 32 (68%) of 47 primary cases and in 28 (60%) of 47 metastatic lesions.
  • There were seven p14(ARF)-positive primary tumors showing negative reactivity in the metastatic lesions.
  • A case of primary cervical adenocarcinoma metastasizing to the lymph nodes showed p14(ARF) expression both in the primary tumor and the corresponding metastases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Altogether, the p14(ARF) protein is expressed in more than half of the primary ECs and metastatic lesions analyzed and is associated with the transtubal dissemination of the primary tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Carcinoma / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / metabolism. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF / metabolism. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20683407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1438
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / TP53 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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15. McCluggage WG, Wilkinson N: Metastatic neoplasms involving the ovary: a review with an emphasis on morphological and immunohistochemical features. Histopathology; 2005 Sep;47(3):231-47
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  • [Title] Metastatic neoplasms involving the ovary: a review with an emphasis on morphological and immunohistochemical features.
  • The ovary is a common site of metastatic tumour.
  • In this review metastatic colorectal, appendiceal, gastric, breast, pancreatic and biliary tract, hepatocellular, renal, transitional and cervical carcinomas and metastatic malignant melanoma involving the ovary are discussed, as is the issue of synchronous ovarian and endometrial carcinomas.
  • Peritoneal tumours, including primary peritoneal carcinoma, mesothelioma and intra-abdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumour, involving the ovary are also discussed, together with a variety of other rare, metastatic ovarian neoplasms.
  • Many metastatic adenocarcinomas involving the ovary, especially those exhibiting mucinous differentiation, closely mimic primary ovarian adenocarcinomas with morphologically bland areas simulating benign and borderline cystadenoma.
  • In recent years immunohistochemistry, especially but not exclusively differential cytokeratin (CK7 and CK20) staining, has been widely used as an aid to distinguish between a primary and secondary ovarian adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Ovarian Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 16115224.001).
  • [ISSN] 0309-0167
  • [Journal-full-title] Histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histopathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Intermediate Filament Proteins; 0 / KRT20 protein, human; 0 / KRT7 protein, human; 0 / Keratin-20; 0 / Keratin-7; 68238-35-7 / Keratins
  • [Number-of-references] 114
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16. Tretheway D, Gebhardt JG, Dogra VS, Schiffhauer LM: Metastatic versus primary oncocytic papillary adenocarcinoma of the endometrium: a report of a case and review of the literature. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2009 May;28(3):256-61
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  • [Title] Metastatic versus primary oncocytic papillary adenocarcinoma of the endometrium: a report of a case and review of the literature.
  • We report a case of an oncocytic papillary adenocarcinoma of the endometrium in an 89-year-old female with vaginal bleeding.
  • Diagnostic workup included an endometrial biopsy which showed malignant, oncocytic cells in a predominantly papillary pattern.
  • Consultation with experts in Gynecologic and Genitourinary pathology returned a diagnosis of "adenocarcinoma compatible with metastatic renal cell carcinoma"--an intriguing possibility worthy of further exploration.
  • To our knowledge, there are no reports in the literature of metastatic oncocytic papillary renal cell carcinoma to the endometrium.
  • The clinical and pathologic features of oncocytic papillary endometrial lesions, including primary and metastatic processes, are reviewed.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19620943.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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17. Ouban A, Ahmed AA: Claudins in human cancer: a review. Histol Histopathol; 2010 01;25(1):83-90
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  • Examples include the use of immunohistochemical detection of claudins to differentiate between oncocytoma and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma, endometrial endometrioid carcinoma and seropapillary carcinoma, mesothelioma and metastatic adenocarcinoma, hepatocellular and biliary tract carcinomas, and between intestinal-type and diffuse-type gastric carcinoma.

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  • (PMID = 19924644.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-5848
  • [Journal-full-title] Histology and histopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Histol. Histopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Claudins
  • [Number-of-references] 63
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18. Elizur SE, Beiner ME, Korach J, Weiser A, Ben-Baruch G, Dor J: Outcome of in vitro fertilization treatment in infertile women conservatively treated for endometrial adenocarcinoma. Fertil Steril; 2007 Dec;88(6):1562-7
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  • [Title] Outcome of in vitro fertilization treatment in infertile women conservatively treated for endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate IVF characteristics and outcome of infertile women conservatively treated for well-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • PATIENT(S): Eight women referred to IVF treatment because of failure of other fertility treatments after conservative treatment of endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • All women were selected carefully for conservative treatment at the Department of Gynecology Oncology of the Chaim Sheba Medical Center after a thorough metastatic workup.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Serum E(2) levels at hCG administration, endometrial thickness, number of oocytes retrieved, fertilization rate, pregnancy and delivery rate.
  • In four of them, endometrial adenocarcinoma was diagnosed during infertility workup or treatment.
  • CONCLUSION(S): In vitro fertilization treatment of infertile women conservatively treated for well-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma is highly successful and offers the opportunity to cryopreserve embryos for future use.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Fertilization in Vitro. Infertility, Female / therapy. Progestins / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 17412340.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Progestins
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19. Jobo T, Sato R, Arai T, Tamura T, Watanabe J, Kuramoto H: Lymph node pathway in the spread of endometrial carcinoma. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2005;26(2):167-9
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  • [Title] Lymph node pathway in the spread of endometrial carcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the sentinel nodes of endometrial carcinoma, the spread pathway was clarified.
  • The metastatic sites were most frequent in the obturator and internal iliac nodes.
  • CONCLUSION: The lymph node spread pathway in endometrial carcinoma consists of a major route via the obturator node or internal iliac node with or without parametrial involvement, and rarely a direct PAN pathway.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphatic Diseases / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15857023.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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20. Bassarak N, Blankenstein T, Brüning A, Dian D, Bergauer F, Friese K, Mylonas I: Is lymphadenectomy a prognostic marker in endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the human endometrium? BMC Cancer; 2010;10:224
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  • [Title] Is lymphadenectomy a prognostic marker in endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the human endometrium?
  • BACKGROUND: During surgery for endometrial cancer, a pelvic lymphadenectomy with or without para-aortic lymphadenectomy is performed at least in patients with risk factors (stage I, grading 2 and/or histological subtypes with higher risk of lymphatic spread), and is hence recommended by the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FIGO).
  • Although lymph node metastases are important prognostic parameters, it has been contentious whether a pelvic lymph node dissection itself has a prognostic impact in the treatment of endometrial cancer, especially in endometrioid adenocarcinoma.
  • Therefore, this study evaluated whether lymphadenectomy has a prognostic impact in patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma.
  • METHODS: The benefits of lymphadenectomy were examined in 214 patients with a histological diagnosis of endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • RESULTS: Of the 214 patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma, 171 (79.9%) were classified as FIGO stage I, 15 (7.0%) FIGO stage II, 21 (9.8%) FIGO stage III and 7 (3.3%) FIGO stage IV.
  • Only 11 (5.1%) patients showed metastatic disease in the lymph nodes.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The performance of an operative lymphadenectomy resulted in better survival of patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma.
  • Therefore, even in endometrioid adenocarcinoma, a pelvic and/or para-aortic lymphadenectomy should be performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / surgery. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. Lymph Node Excision. Lymph Nodes / surgery

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  • (PMID = 20492712.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2891635
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21. Lin CK, Yu MH, Chu TW, Lai HC: Synchronous occurrence of primary neoplasms in the uterus with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix and adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Dec;45(4):336-9
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  • [Title] Synchronous occurrence of primary neoplasms in the uterus with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix and adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
  • Patients with synchronous cervical and endometrial cancers are even rarer.
  • We describe a case of cervical squamous cell carcinoma and endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma occurring simultaneously in a 47-year-old woman presenting with massive menstrual bleeding.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass over the cervical region and endometrial lesions in the uterine cavity.
  • Surgical exploration disclosed a cervical tumor and erosion of the endometrium.
  • The pathologic findings were compatible with synchronous occurrence of primary neoplasms in the uterus with squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix and adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
  • It is practical to pay more attention to the differential diagnosis of primary and metastatic tumors.
  • The second primary cancer that occurs in an individual with endometrial cancer may offer an opportunity for early detection.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Female. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17175494.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-6263
  • [Journal-full-title] Taiwanese journal of obstetrics & gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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22. Labi FL, Evangelista S, Di Miscia A, Stentella P: FIGO Stage I endometrial carcinoma: evaluation of lung metastases and follow-up. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2008;29(1):65-6
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  • [Title] FIGO Stage I endometrial carcinoma: evaluation of lung metastases and follow-up.
  • PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence of lung metastases in the follow-up of women submitted to surgery for endometrial carcinoma, in particular for FIGO Stage I which is the lowest risk stage for this metastatic site.
  • METHODS: The study was conducted on 210 patients affected by FIGO Stage I endometrial cancer in the years 1990 to 2005 distributed as follows: 35 patients with Stage IA (limited to the endometrium), 150 patients with Stage IB (invasion up to and including half the myometrial thickness), 25 patients with Stage IC (invasion greater than half the myometrial thickness).
  • CONCLUSION: We are still following the cases and evaluating the biological behavior of this specific endometrial carcinoma and its reaction to further therapies.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Sarcoma / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18386467.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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23. Mountzios G, Bamias A, Voulgaris Z, Rodolakis A, Vlahos G, Gourgoulis G, Papaiakovou EE, Giannopoulos A: Prognostic factors in patients treated with taxane-based chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic endometrial cancer: proposal for a new prognostic model. Gynecol Oncol; 2008 Jan;108(1):130-5
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  • [Title] Prognostic factors in patients treated with taxane-based chemotherapy for recurrent or metastatic endometrial cancer: proposal for a new prognostic model.
  • OBJECTIVE: Taxane-based chemotherapy has been recently introduced as an effective therapeutic option in recurrent or metastatic endometrial carcinoma (RMEC).
  • Non-endometriod histology was associated with a shorter median survival compared to endometriod adenocarcinoma (14.46 vs. 17.57 months, p=0.093), but histology was not an independent prognostic factor (HR=1.43, 95% CI: 0.82-2.48, p=0.21).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17988722.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3Z8479ZZ5X / Epirubicin; 7M7YKX2N15 / Topotecan; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
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24. Blazer DG 3rd, Ramirez PT, Wang H, Fleming JB: Distal pancreatectomy for isolated metastasis of endometrial carcinoma to the pancreas. JOP; 2008;9(1):56-60
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  • [Title] Distal pancreatectomy for isolated metastasis of endometrial carcinoma to the pancreas.
  • Pancreatic resection for metastatic disease is rare but can produce durable palliation or even cure in carefully selected patients.
  • Herein, we report what to our knowledge is the first description of pancreatic resection of metastatic endometrial carcinoma.
  • CASE REPORT: We evaluated a patient who developed a mass in the distal pancreas as identified by screening computed tomography nearly three years after radical abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and bilateral pelvic and para-aortic lymph node dissection for an International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIIA, grade 2 endometrial cancer.
  • Findings on cytopathologic examination of tissue obtained by fine needle aspiration of the lesion were consistent with metastatic endometrial carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Metastasis to the pancreas from endometrial cancer is uncommon; however, this possibility should be considered in patients with a new pancreatic lesion and a history of endometrial cancer as pancreatic resection of metastatic disease can benefit selected patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Pancreatectomy. Pancreatic Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18182745.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-8577
  • [Journal-full-title] JOP : Journal of the pancreas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JOP
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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25. Powell JL, Cunill ES, Gajewski WH, Novotny DB: Sarcoidosis mimicking recurrent endometrial cancer. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Dec;99(3):770-3
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  • [Title] Sarcoidosis mimicking recurrent endometrial cancer.
  • In patients with recurrent gynecologic cancer, liver and intrathoracic lesions should undergo a biopsy to rule in metastatic malignancy, as clinical findings and CAT scan results may represent other disease processes.
  • CASE: A 67 year old woman had a total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, pelvic and periaortic lymphadenectomy, and peritoneal cytology in 2001 for Stage I B grade 1 adenocarcinoma of the endometrium.
  • A CT scan of lungs, abdomen, and pelvis revealed extensive mediastinal adenopathy and multiple space occupying hepatic lesions worrisome for metastatic disease.
  • CONCLUSION: Sarcoid lesions may mimic metastatic disease in patients with malignancy, potentially leading to delayed and/or inappropriate therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Sarcoidosis / diagnosis


26. Cozad SC: Stage II adenocarcinoma of the endometrium: adjuvant radiotherapy and recurrence patterns. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2008 May 1;71(1):205-12
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  • [Title] Stage II adenocarcinoma of the endometrium: adjuvant radiotherapy and recurrence patterns.
  • PURPOSE: Review patterns of recurrence for Stage II endometrial cancer in a community practice.
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective review of patients with endometrial cancer diagnosed between 1985-2002.
  • Five-year actuarial vaginal, pelvic sidewall/nodal, and metastatic control rates were 100% and 100%, 96.9% and 100%, and 79% and 84.2% for patients receiving EBRT or EBRT with brachytherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Endometrial Neoplasms / radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 18164851.001).
  • [ISSN] 0360-3016
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Kefeli M, Gonullu G, Can B, Malatyalioglu E, Kandemir B: Metastasis of adenocarcinoma of the gall bladder to an endometrial polyp detected by endometrial curettage: case report and review of the literature. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2009 Jul;28(4):343-6
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  • [Title] Metastasis of adenocarcinoma of the gall bladder to an endometrial polyp detected by endometrial curettage: case report and review of the literature.
  • SUMMARY: Polyps are the most common benign lesions in the endometrium.
  • Metastasis to the endometrial polyp from a distant primary tumor is rare.
  • Breast carcinoma is the most frequent extragenital cancer that metastasizes to the endometrial polyp.
  • We report the case of a 63-year-old with metastatic gall bladder adenocarcinoma involving endometrial polyps detected by endometrial curetting.
  • It was the first sign of her metastatic disease.
  • Gastrointestinal tumor metastasis to an endometrial polyp is a very rare event, but if a patient with a known primary extragenital tumor has abnormal vaginal bleeding, the possibility of metastasis should be included in the differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / secondary. Gallbladder Neoplasms / pathology. Polyps / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19483630.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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28. Cohn DE, Resnick KE, Ramirez NC, Morrison CD: Advanced endometrial cancer with serous metastasis in a 17-year-old. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 May;101(2):356-9
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  • [Title] Advanced endometrial cancer with serous metastasis in a 17-year-old.
  • BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancers with a component of serous histology generally occur in postmenopausal women and can present with advanced disease even in the absence of a deeply myoinvasive primary malignancy.
  • We present a case of stage IIIC endometrial cancer with serous histology in a 17-year-old.
  • CASE: A 17-year-old presented with menorrhagia requiring blood transfusion and a transvaginal ultrasound demonstrated a 31 mm endometrial stripe within a bulky uterus.
  • Endometrial curettage revealed a grade 2 endometrioid adenocarcinoma.
  • The patient desired definitive surgical management for her disease; a stage IIIC endometrial cancer with focal low-grade serous carcinoma among a grade 2 endometrioid carcinoma was noted to be superficially myoinvasive.
  • Multiple pelvic lymph nodes had evidence of metastatic serous adenocarcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: Advanced endometrial cancer with metastasis of serous carcinoma to the retroperitoneal lymph nodes can occur, albeit extraordinarily rarely, in very young women.
  • This information is critically important when counseling a woman regarding conservative management of endometrial adenocarcinoma with the interest of preservation of her fertility.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16499956.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Camerini A, Rondini M, Garrone O, Valsuani C, Donati S, Siclari O, Sgambato A, Tartarelli G, Vincenti M, Mattiot VP, Porta RP, Puccetti C, Puccinelli P, Amoroso D: Fulvestrant treatment is associated with cholesterol plasma level reduction in hormone-receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer patients. Cancer Biol Ther; 2009 Aug;8(15):1450-5
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  • [Title] Fulvestrant treatment is associated with cholesterol plasma level reduction in hormone-receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer patients.
  • All coagulation indices and mean endometrial mucosa thickness value did not vary.
  • Endometrial mucosa thickness was evaluated before fulvestrant administration and at end-study time.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / pharmacology. Breast Neoplasms / drug therapy. Cholesterol / blood. Estradiol / analogs & derivatives. Estrogen Receptor Modulators / pharmacology. Estrogens. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent / secondary. Progesterone. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Receptors, Progesterone / analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Aromatase Inhibitors / pharmacology. Aromatase Inhibitors / therapeutic use. Cholesterol, LDL / blood. Endometrium / drug effects. Endometrium / ultrastructure. Female. Humans. Lipid Metabolism / drug effects. Middle Aged. Postmenopause. Prospective Studies. Triglycerides / blood

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  • [CommentIn] Cancer Biol Ther. 2009 Aug;8(15):1456-8 [19617703.001]
  • (PMID = 19556864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1555-8576
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer biology & therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Biol. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; 0 / Aromatase Inhibitors; 0 / Cholesterol, LDL; 0 / Estrogen Receptor Modulators; 0 / Estrogens; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Receptors, Progesterone; 0 / Triglycerides; 22X328QOC4 / fulvestrant; 4G7DS2Q64Y / Progesterone; 4TI98Z838E / Estradiol; 97C5T2UQ7J / Cholesterol
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31. Bigsby GE 4th, Holloway RW, Weppelman B, Reynolds RB, Williams B: Endometroid adenocarcinoma of the uterus with cardiac metastasis. A case report and six-year follow-up. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Apr;97(1):256-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endometroid adenocarcinoma of the uterus with cardiac metastasis. A case report and six-year follow-up.
  • BACKGROUND: There are few reported cases of cardiac metastasis associated with endometrial cancer (EC) and no reports of long-term survival.
  • She underwent exploration of the heart with debulking which revealed a metastatic poorly differentiated epithelial tumor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Heart Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 15790471.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Pan Z, Repertinger S, Leonard R, Bewtra C, Gatalica Z, Sharma P: Cervical and endometrial metastases of appendiceal goblet cell carcinoid. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2010 May;134(5):776-80
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  • [Title] Cervical and endometrial metastases of appendiceal goblet cell carcinoid.
  • Appendiceal goblet cell carcinoid (GCC) is a rare tumor with histologic features of both adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine tumor (carcinoid).
  • We report 2 cases of appendiceal GCC, one with uterine cervical involvement and the other with endometrial involvement as the initial presentations.
  • The second patient presented with abnormal uterine bleeding, and endometrial curettage showed an adenocarcinoma with signet ring cell features.
  • Metastatic appendiceal GCC to uterine cervix and endometrium can potentially be misinterpreted as primary cervical or endometrial signet ring cell carcinoma.
  • Therefore, for any uterine cervical/endometrial signet ring cell carcinoma, a metastatic appendiceal GCC should be considered in the differential diagnosis, especially after excluding other primary sites.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendiceal Neoplasms / pathology. Carcinoid Tumor / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / secondary. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / secondary


33. Pozharisskiĭ KM, Samsonova EA, Ten VP, Maksimova NA, Urmancheeva AF: [Immunohistochemical profile of endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus: ER, PR, HER-2, Ki-67 and their prognostic value]. Arkh Patol; 2005 Mar-Apr;67(2):13-7
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  • [Title] [Immunohistochemical profile of endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterus: ER, PR, HER-2, Ki-67 and their prognostic value].
  • Expression of the above markers is of essential value together with metastatic involvement of regional lymph nodes, stage of the disease and pathogenetic variant for determining prognosis of carcinoma aggressiveness and disease outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Ki-67 Antigen / metabolism. Receptor, ErbB-2 / metabolism. Receptors, Steroid / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 15938112.001).
  • [ISSN] 0004-1955
  • [Journal-full-title] Arkhiv patologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arkh. Patol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Ki-67 Antigen; 0 / Receptors, Steroid; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2
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34. Groisman GM, Bernheim J, Halpern M, Brazowsky E, Meir A: Expression of the intestinal marker Cdx2 in secondary adenocarcinomas of the colorectum. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 Jul;129(7):920-3
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  • All secondary tumors were diagnosed through endoscopic biopsies and included 8 cases of ovarian (4 serous, 2 mucinous, and 2 endometrioid), 6 of mammary (4 lobular and 2 ductal), 4 of gastric (2 intestinal and 2 diffuse), 4 of pulmonary, 4 of pancreatic (ductal), 3 of prostatic, 3 of colorectal, and 2 of endometrial origin.
  • RESULTS: Cdx2 was expressed in normal colorectal epithelium, in primary colorectal adenocarcinomas (20/20 cases), in secondary adenocarcinomas of colorectal (3/3) and gastric (3/4) origin, and in metastatic ovarian mucinous adenocarcinomas (2/2).
  • In contrast, no Cdx2 immunoreactivity was observed in secondary colorectal tumors of ovarian (serous and endometrioid), mammary, pancreatic, pulmonary, prostatic, and endometrial origin.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Colorectal Neoplasms / genetics. Colorectal Neoplasms / secondary. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics. Homeodomain Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Breast Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Female. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / pathology. Male. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Pancreatic Neoplasms / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Stomach Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15974817.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDX2 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins
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35. Moritani S, Ichihara S, Hasegawa M, Endo T, Oiwa M, Yoshikawa K, Sato Y, Aoyama H, Hayashi T, Kushima R: Serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the female genital organs and invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast. Are WT1, CA125, and GCDFP-15 useful in differential diagnosis? Hum Pathol; 2008 May;39(5):666-71
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  • [Title] Serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the female genital organs and invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast. Are WT1, CA125, and GCDFP-15 useful in differential diagnosis?
  • Serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the female genital organs and invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast have close histologic similarities.
  • We examined 23 serous papillary adenocarcinomas (16 ovarian, 5 endometrial, and 2 peritoneal) and 37 invasive micropapillary carcinomas of the breast (12 pure and 25 mixed types) on immunohistochemical expression of Wilm's tumor antigen-1 (WT1), CA125, and gross cystic disease fluid protein-15 (GCDFP-15), which have been reported to be useful in the differential diagnosis of primary ovarian carcinomas versus metastatic breast cancer to the ovary.
  • We consider CA125 to be not always useful in the differential diagnosis of serous papillary adenocarcinoma and invasive micropapillary carcinoma.
  • Although the positive rate of WT1 was significantly higher in serous papillary adenocarcinoma than in invasive micropapillary carcinoma, WT1 expression in endometrial serous papillary adenocarcinoma was infrequent (20%).
  • WT1 and GCDFP-15 could be useful markers for the differential diagnosis of ovarian and peritoneal serous papillary adenocarcinoma versus breast invasive micropapillary adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / diagnosis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. CA-125 Antigen / analysis. Carrier Proteins / analysis. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Genital Neoplasms, Female / diagnosis. Glycoproteins / analysis. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. WT1 Proteins / analysis

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  • (PMID = 18339419.001).
  • [ISSN] 0046-8177
  • [Journal-full-title] Human pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CA-125 Antigen; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / PIP protein, human; 0 / WT1 Proteins
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36. Huh WK, Straughn JM Jr, Mariani A, Podratz KC, Havrilesky LJ, Alvarez-Secord A, Gold MA, McMeekin DS, Modesitt S, Cooper AL, Powell MA, Mutch DG, Nag S, Alvarez RD, Cohn DE: Salvage of isolated vaginal recurrences in women with surgical stage I endometrial cancer: a multiinstitutional experience. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2007 Jul-Aug;17(4):886-9
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  • [Title] Salvage of isolated vaginal recurrences in women with surgical stage I endometrial cancer: a multiinstitutional experience.
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the treatment outcomes and risk factors of women with surgical stage I endometrial adenocarcinoma who were initially treated with surgery alone and subsequently developed isolated vaginal recurrences.
  • Patients with surgical stage I endometrial adenocarcinoma diagnosed from 1975 to 2002 were identified from tumor registry databases at seven institutions.
  • Metastatic disease in the chest and abdomen was excluded by radiologic studies.
  • Sixty-nine women with surgical stage I endometrial cancer with isolated vaginal recurrences were identified.
  • The majority of isolated vaginal recurrences in women with surgical stage I endometrial cancer can be successfully salvaged with radiation therapy, further questioning the role of adjuvant therapy for patients with uterine-confined endometrial cancer at the time of initial diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / radiotherapy. Salvage Therapy

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  • (PMID = 17309665.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Kumar N, Bongiovanni M, Molliet MJ, Pelte MF, Egger JF, Pache JC: Diverse glandular pathologies coexist with high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion in cyto-histological review of atypical glandular cells on ThinPrep specimens. Cytopathology; 2009 Dec;20(6):351-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Thirty-nine ThinPrep cervical smear (Pap) tests reported as AGC of undetermined significance and showing high-grade lesions on histology [cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2 or 3, endometrial or extrauterine adenocarcinoma] were reviewed retrospectively to identify the cases of high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion with endocervical glandular extension, using the Bethesda 2001 system.
  • This included endocervical glandular extension in 63%, benign glandular pathology in 33% and pre-neoplastic or malignant glandular pathology (endocervical glandular dysplasia, adenocarcinoma in situ and metastatic breast carcinoma) in 17% cases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Precancerous Conditions / diagnosis. Precancerous Conditions / pathology. Retrospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity. Young Adult


38. Hanley KZ, Tadros TS, Briones AJ, Birdsong GG, Mosunjac MB: Hematologic malignancies of the female genital tract diagnosed on liquid-based Pap test: Cytomorphologic features and review of differential diagnoses. Diagn Cytopathol; 2009 Jan;37(1):61-7
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  • Clinical symptoms are often nonspecific and mimic other more common gynecologic malignancies such as squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix or endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • Although cervico-vaginal (Pap) smear is the primary screening method for cervical squamous cell carcinoma and its precursors, it is far less sensitive for detection of other primary or metastatic malignancies.


39. Barker LC, Brand IR, Crawford SM: Sustained effect of the aromatase inhibitors anastrozole and letrozole on endometrial thickness in patients with endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma. Curr Med Res Opin; 2009 May;25(5):1105-9
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  • [Title] Sustained effect of the aromatase inhibitors anastrozole and letrozole on endometrial thickness in patients with endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial carcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there may be a role for aromatase inhibitors (AIs) in the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia (EH) and endometrial adenocarcinoma (EA) in postmenopausal women, a retrospective study on the effect of aromatase inhibitors (anastrozole or letrozole) was conducted for 16 patients who were not amenable to surgical treatment.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Resolution of endometrial thickening measured by transvaginal ultrasound at 3-month intervals; the response of metastases was assessed by standard oncological criteria.
  • During treatment with AIs, mean endometrial thickness in the eight patients with EH decreased progressively by 81.7% from 14.7 mm at the start of treatment to 2.7 mm following 36 months of treatment.
  • A greater original mean endometrial thickness of 17 mm was seen in the four patients with localised EA, this fell progressively by 67.1% to 5.6 mm following 36 months of treatment.
  • No responses were seen in four patients with metastatic disease.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that treatment of EH with anastrozole or letrozole can reduce endometrial thickness as seen ultrasonically, and that in some cases AI treatment can reduce endometrial thickness in patients with localised EA.
  • We found no evidence to indicate that AI treatment prevents disease progression in patients with metastatic EA.
  • [MeSH-major] Aromatase Inhibitors / pharmacology. Carcinoma / drug therapy. Endometrial Hyperplasia / drug therapy. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Endometrium / drug effects. Nitriles / pharmacology. Triazoles / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 19301987.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-4877
  • [Journal-full-title] Current medical research and opinion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Med Res Opin
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Aromatase Inhibitors; 0 / Nitriles; 0 / Triazoles; 2Z07MYW1AZ / anastrozole; 7LKK855W8I / letrozole
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40. Rubatt JM, Slomovitz BM, Burke TW, Broaddus RR: Development of metastatic endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma while on progestin therapy for endometrial hyperplasia. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Nov;99(2):472-6
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  • [Title] Development of metastatic endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma while on progestin therapy for endometrial hyperplasia.
  • BACKGROUND: Conservative treatment with progestins is a reasonable treatment option for endometrial complex atypical hyperplasia and, in the experimental setting, for some women with grade 1 endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma.
  • The risk of progression to a high-stage endometrial cancer is quite low, with only two previously reported cases in the English literature.
  • CASE: A 40-year-old woman with endometrial complex atypical hyperplasia diagnosed by dilatation and curettage was managed conservatively with progestin therapy (initially, megesterol acetate; then, a combination oral contraceptive).
  • More than 2 years after her original diagnosis, she developed endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma, FIGO grade 2, with lymph node metastasis.
  • CONCLUSION: Currently, there are no good criteria for predicting which patients with complex atypical hyperplasia/grade 1 endometrioid adenocarcinoma will optimally respond to progestin therapy.
  • There is some evidence that endometrial complex hyperplasia demonstrating loss of MLH1 protein by immunohistochemistry is strongly related to subsequent or concurrent endometrial cancer, especially tumors of higher grade and stage.
  • In a woman with a biopsy diagnosis of endometrial hyperplasia, evaluation of MLH1 protein status by immunohistochemistry may provide useful information when medical management is being considered.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Endometrial Hyperplasia / drug therapy. Endometrial Hyperplasia / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Progestins / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16099019.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1P50CA098258-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CN / N01-CN-05127
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Progestins
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41. Numnum TM, Leath CA 3rd, Straughn MJ Jr: Synchronous primary endometrial and ovarian carcinoma in a patient with marantic endocarditis. Obstet Gynecol; 2006 Sep;108(3 Pt 2):748-50
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  • [Title] Synchronous primary endometrial and ovarian carcinoma in a patient with marantic endocarditis.
  • A metastatic work-up revealed a complex pelvic mass and elevated CA 125.
  • The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy and was subsequently found to have synchronous primary endometrial and ovarian carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Endocarditis / complications. Endometrial Neoplasms / complications. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / complications. Ovarian Neoplasms / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / complications. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / therapy. Adult. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Aortic Valve. CA-125 Antigen / blood. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / complications. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / therapy. Chest Pain. Combined Modality Therapy. Fallopian Tubes / surgery. Fatigue. Female. Heart Valve Diseases / surgery. Heart Valve Prosthesis. Humans. Hysterectomy. Omentum / surgery. Ovariectomy. Radiotherapy

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  • (PMID = 17018489.001).
  • [ISSN] 0029-7844
  • [Journal-full-title] Obstetrics and gynecology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obstet Gynecol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / CA-125 Antigen
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42. Yamada T, Mori H, Kanemura M, Ohmichi M, Shibayama Y: Endometrial carcinoma with choriocarcinomatous differentiation: a case report and review of the literature. Gynecol Oncol; 2009 May;113(2):291-4
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  • [Title] Endometrial carcinoma with choriocarcinomatous differentiation: a case report and review of the literature.
  • CASE: We present a case of a 58-year-old woman with endometrial carcinoma with choriocarcinomatous differentiation.
  • She received surgery and chemotherapy for endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • However, a metastatic tumor of choriocarcinomatous element appeared at the vaginal cuff 9 months after surgery.
  • CONCLUSION: Treatment and follow-up must be performed not only for the adenocarcinoma element but also for the choriocarcinoma element in patients presenting with endometrial carcinoma with choriocarcinomatous differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Choriocarcinoma / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Female. Humans. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 19232701.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Horn LC, Hänel C, Bartholdt E, Dietel J: Serous carcinoma of the endometrium with choriocarcinomatous differentiation: a case report and review of the literature indicate the existence of 2 prognostically relevant tumor types. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2006 Jul;25(3):247-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Serous carcinoma of the endometrium with choriocarcinomatous differentiation: a case report and review of the literature indicate the existence of 2 prognostically relevant tumor types.
  • We report a serous carcinoma of the endometrium with a choriocarcinomatous component and review of the literature.
  • Postoperatively, the patient developed diffuse pulmonary metastatic disease.
  • The first one is morphologically and clinically more related to the gestational choriocarcinoma with strongly elevated serum hCG levels, early onset of (distant) metastatic disease, and consecutively rapid and often fatal clinical course.
  • The second type presents as an endometrial carcinoma with single syncytiotrophoblast-like cells, associated with low serum hCG, no distant metastatic disease, and, consequently, a better prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Choriocarcinoma / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16810062.001).
  • [ISSN] 0277-1691
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chorionic Gonadotropin
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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44. Uharcek P, Mlyncek M, Ravinger J: Endometrial adenocarcinoma presenting with an osseous metastasis. Gynecol Obstet Invest; 2006;61(4):200-2
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  • [Title] Endometrial adenocarcinoma presenting with an osseous metastasis.
  • BACKGROUND: Gynecologic cancers metastatic to bone are rare.
  • Endometrial carcinoma usually presents with vaginal bleeding.
  • Biopsy revealed primary endometrioid carcinoma metastatic to the calcaneus, talus and metatarsal bones.
  • CONCLUSION: Endometrial carcinoma can present as a metastatic lesion of bone.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 16479137.001).
  • [ISSN] 0378-7346
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic and obstetric investigation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Obstet. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin; TJ2M0FR8ES / Megestrol Acetate
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45. McCluggage WG, Hurrell DP, Kennedy K: Metastatic carcinomas in the cervix mimicking primary cervical adenocarcinoma and adenocarcinoma in situ: report of a series of cases. Am J Surg Pathol; 2010 May;34(5):735-41
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  • [Title] Metastatic carcinomas in the cervix mimicking primary cervical adenocarcinoma and adenocarcinoma in situ: report of a series of cases.
  • Metastatic tumors within the cervix are uncommon if one excludes endometrial carcinoma, which involves the cervix by direct spread.
  • A variety of other neoplasms rarely metastasize to the cervix and, in most cases, the diagnosis is straightforward because of a combination of clinical and pathologic parameters, common features of metastatic carcinoma within the cervix including predominant involvement of the deep stroma, absence of surface involvement and of an in situ component, and prominent lymphovascular permeation.
  • We describe 6 cases of metastatic adenocarcinoma involving the cervix with superficial "mucosal" involvement mimicking primary cervical adenocarcinoma or adenocarcinoma in situ.
  • In 5 cases, the primary adenocarcinoma was in the ovary or peritoneum and was of serous (4 cases) or clear-cell (1 case) type.
  • In the other case, the primary neoplasm was in the pancreas and this was initially interpreted as a primary cervical adenocarcinoma.
  • It is important for the pathologist to be aware of the possibility of cervical mucosal metastasis to avoid an erroneous diagnosis of a primary cervical adenocarcinoma or adenocarcinoma in situ.


46. Oza AM, Eisenhauer EA, Elit L, Cutz JC, Sakurada A, Tsao MS, Hoskins PJ, Biagi J, Ghatage P, Mazurka J, Provencher D, Dore N, Dancey J, Fyles A: Phase II study of erlotinib in recurrent or metastatic endometrial cancer: NCIC IND-148. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Sep 10;26(26):4319-25
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  • [Title] Phase II study of erlotinib in recurrent or metastatic endometrial cancer: NCIC IND-148.
  • PURPOSE: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression is common in endometrial cancers and may have a major role in tumor growth and progression.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multinomial design two-stage phase II study was performed to evaluate single-agent activity of erlotinib in women with advanced endometrial cancer with recurrent or metastatic disease who were chemotherapy naïve and had received up to one line of prior hormonal therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Adenosquamous / drug therapy. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Quinazolines / therapeutic use


47. Colling R, Lopes T, Das N, Mathew J: Endometrial metastasis of colorectal cancer with coincident endometrial adenocarcinoma. BMJ Case Rep; 2010;2010
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  • [Title] Endometrial metastasis of colorectal cancer with coincident endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • Metastasis to the uterine corpus is uncommon and secondary colorectal tumours of the endometrium are rare.
  • We describe a uterine tumour with components of both primary endometrial and metastatic colorectal carcinomata.
  • A transvaginal ultrasonography showed a thickened endometrium.
  • Histology immunophenotyping showed a CK7+, CK20+, CA125- and CEA+ colorectal metastasis (a profile consistent with her previous cancer) associated with a primary CK7+, CK20-, CA125+ and CEA- endometroid endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • We conclude this represents endometrial metastasis of colorectal carcinoma with coincident primary endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • We speculate as to whether the endometrial carcinoma arose de novo or was induced by the colorectal metastasis, or whether the primary endometrial tumour provided a fertile site for the colorectal metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / diagnosis. Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Endometrial Neoplasms / secondary. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Endometrium / pathology. Endosonography. Female. Humans. Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Neoplasm Staging. Postoperative Complications / diagnosis. Postoperative Complications / pathology. Tomography, X-Ray Computed


48. Vorgias G, Fotiou S: The role of lymphadenectomy in uterine carcinosarcomas (malignant mixed mullerian tumours): a critical literature review. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2010 Dec;282(6):659-64
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  • RESULTS: Carcinosarcomas have similar clinical characteristics and behaviour with grade 3 endometrioid or aggressive variants of uterine adenocarcinoma.
  • This figure is similar to the one reported for endometrial carcinoma.
  • The possible mechanisms for the improvement of survival from lymphadenectomy include removal of micro-metastatic foci, reduction of recurrence risk (removal of "target tissue") and mechanical circumvallate of the disease.

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  • (PMID = 20721670.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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49. Jewell E, Secord AA, Brotherton T, Berchuck A: Use of trastuzumab in the treatment of metastatic endometrial cancer. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 May-Jun;16(3):1370-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Use of trastuzumab in the treatment of metastatic endometrial cancer.
  • Systemic therapy of metastatic endometrial cancer is relatively ineffective.
  • In this case, we present a 76-year-old woman with stage IIIA endometrial adenocarcinoma who was initially treated with surgery and pelvic radiation.
  • Immunostaining revealed that the primary endometrial cancer overexpressed HER-2/neu.
  • Therefore, trastuzumab may be a useful adjuvant to taxane-based chemotherapy in some patients with metastatic endometrial cancers that overexpress HER-2/neu.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Lung Neoplasms / drug therapy. Lung Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 16803532.001).
  • [ISSN] 1048-891X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological cancer : official journal of the International Gynecological Cancer Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / Taxoids; 15H5577CQD / docetaxel; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, ErbB-2; P188ANX8CK / Trastuzumab; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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50. Godfrey GJ, Moore G, Alatassi H: Presentation of renal cell carcinoma as cervical polyp metastasis. J Low Genit Tract Dis; 2010 Oct;14(4):387-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Secondary cervical adenocarcinomas are most commonly seen owing to the extension of a primary endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • Metastatic tumors from other sites are rather uncommon and, when seen, are most frequently from the ovaries, gastrointestinal tract, or breast.
  • We report a case of metastatic renal cell carcinoma, clear cell variant, to the cervix, which presented as a cervical polyp in a postmenopausal female.
  • To our knowledge, this is the fourth reported case of renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the cervix.


51. Gokden N, Kemp SA, Gokden M: The utility of Pax-2 as an immunohistochemical marker for renal cell carcinoma in cytopathology. Diagn Cytopathol; 2008 Jul;36(7):473-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Pax-2 IHC was performed on cell block sections of 33 RCCs (14 primary, 19 metastatic) and 35 non-RCC malignancies, including 26 carcinomas, five mesenchymal tumors, one neuroblastoma, two melanomas, and one lymphoma, from fine-needle aspirations and body fluids.
  • Only an endometrial adenocarcinoma was positive in the non-RCC group.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18528893.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0339
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / PAX2 Transcription Factor
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52. Wilson M, Hermes R, Bainbridge J, Bassett H: A case of metastatic uterine adenocarcinoma in a southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum). J Zoo Wildl Med; 2010 Mar;41(1):111-4
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  • [Title] A case of metastatic uterine adenocarcinoma in a southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum simum).
  • The rhinoceros' uterus had previously been evaluated by ultrasound and diffuse endometrial hyperplasia and two benign uterine leiomyomas had been diagnosed.
  • At necropsy examination, a large, infiltrative, metastatic uterine adenocarcinoma was found multifocally throughout the uterus, scattered within the peritoneal cavity, on the diaphragm, the splenic capsule, the pleural surface of the lung and mesenteric lymph nodes.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / veterinary. Lung Neoplasms / veterinary. Perissodactyla. Peritoneal Neoplasms / veterinary. Splenic Neoplasms / veterinary. Uterine Neoplasms / veterinary

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  • (PMID = 20722262.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-7260
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Zoo Wildl. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Albareda J, Herrera M, Lopez Salva A, Garcia Donas J, Gonzalez R: Sacral metastasis in a patient with endometrial cancer: case report and review of the literature. Gynecol Oncol; 2008 Dec;111(3):583-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sacral metastasis in a patient with endometrial cancer: case report and review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Bone involvement in endometrial cancer has been described in less than 15% of the patients with metastatic disease.
  • CASE: We present a case of a 62-year-old woman who underwent surgery for endometrial adenocarcinoma in December 2002 (FIGO stage IB grade 1).
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adenocarcinoma / surgery. Bone Neoplasms / surgery. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. Sacrum / pathology. Sacrum / surgery

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  • (PMID = 18501410.001).
  • [ISSN] 1095-6859
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Rathi V, Hyde S, Newman M: Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma in association with endometrial carcinoma: a case report. Acta Cytol; 2010 Sep-Oct;54(5 Suppl):793-7
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  • [Title] Well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma in association with endometrial carcinoma: a case report.
  • We present a rare case of WDPM in association with high-grade endometrial carcinoma.
  • To our knowledge, there are only two previously reported cases in the English literature of WDPM in association with endometrial carcinoma.
  • CASE: A 62-year-old woman underwent pelvic surgery for a high-grade endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • At laparotomy an extensive peritoneal nodular fibrotic reaction was present, raising the clinical possibility of metastatic disease; however, intraoperative frozen section reported this as a mesothelial reaction.
  • Cytologic examination of peritoneal washings revealed cohesive clusters of reactive-appearing mesothelial cells, some with papillary morphology, and no evidence of adenocarcinoma.
  • The peritoneal biopsies showed no metastatic carcinoma.
  • The endometrial tumor was an endometrioid adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Papillary / complications. Carcinoma, Papillary / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Endometrial Neoplasms / complications. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Mesothelioma / complications. Mesothelioma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21053542.001).
  • [ISSN] 0001-5547
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta cytologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Cytol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Besirli CG, Comer GM: High-resolution OCT imaging of RPE degeneration in bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging; 2010 Nov-Dec;41 Suppl:S96-S100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation was diagnosed based on these clinical findings, and a systemic evaluation for malignancy revealed metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / radiography. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / radiography. Female. Fluorescein Angiography. Functional Laterality. Humans. Lymphatic Metastasis. Lymphography. Subretinal Fluid. Visual Acuity

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010, SLACK Incorporated.
  • (PMID = 21117612.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-2375
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic surgery, lasers & imaging : the official journal of the International Society for Imaging in the Eye
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Kinugasa Y, Morishige K, Kamiura S, Tsukamoto Y, Saji F: Parathyroid hormone-related protein-secreting uterine endometrioid adenocarcinoma. Jpn J Clin Oncol; 2006 Feb;36(2):113-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Parathyroid hormone-related protein-secreting uterine endometrioid adenocarcinoma.
  • The diagnosis of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP)-secreting metastatic uterine endometrioid cancer was made in a 32-year-old Japanese woman with humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy.
  • The primary endometrial cancer had been removed, and the tumor was diagnosed as Grade 1 endometrioid adenocarcinoma with shallow myometrial invasion.
  • To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of hypercalcemia due to PTHrP secretion in uterine endometrioid adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / chemistry. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / chemistry. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Hypercalcemia / etiology. Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16418186.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2811
  • [Journal-full-title] Japanese journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn. J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Parathyroid Hormone-Related Protein
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57. Contreras CM, Gurumurthy S, Haynie JM, Shirley LJ, Akbay EA, Wingo SN, Schorge JO, Broaddus RR, Wong KK, Bardeesy N, Castrillon DH: Loss of Lkb1 provokes highly invasive endometrial adenocarcinomas. Cancer Res; 2008 Feb 1;68(3):759-66
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Loss of Lkb1 provokes highly invasive endometrial adenocarcinomas.
  • Here we show that female mice heterozygous for a null Lkb1 allele spontaneously develop highly invasive endometrial adenocarcinomas.
  • This endometrial-specific deletion of the Lkb1 gene provoked highly invasive and sometimes metastatic endometrial adenocarcinomas closely resembling those observed in Lkb1 heterozygotes.
  • Although Lkb1 has been implicated in the establishment of cell polarity, and loss of polarity defines most endometrial cancers, Lkb1-driven endometrial cancers paradoxically exhibit (given their highly invasive phenotype) normal cell polarity and apical differentiation.
  • In human endometrial cancers, Lkb1 expression was inversely correlated with tumor grade and stage, arguing that Lkb1 inactivation or down-regulation also contributes to endometrial cancer progression in women.
  • This study shows that Lkb1 plays an important role in the malignant transformation of endometrium and that Lkb1 loss promotes a highly invasive phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics. Endometrial Neoplasms / genetics. Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / deficiency

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  • (PMID = 18245476.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7445
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1P50CA098258-01; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / K26RR024196
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Multienzyme Complexes; EC 2.7.1.- / STK11 protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / AMP-Activated Protein Kinases; EC 2.7.11.1 / Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
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58. Miller JS, Ramalingam P, Wang BY, Lee JR: Appendiceal mass in a middle-aged woman. Endometrioid endometrial carcinoma metastatic to the appendix. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2006 Mar;130(3):407-8
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  • [Title] Appendiceal mass in a middle-aged woman. Endometrioid endometrial carcinoma metastatic to the appendix.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Diagnosis, Differential. Endometrial Neoplasms / chemistry. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / analysis. Receptors, Estrogen / analysis. Vimentin / analysis

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  • (PMID = 16519577.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Vimentin
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59. Castillo-Sang M, Slam K, Gociman B, Durham SJ, Booth R: Endometrial adenocarcinoma metastatic to the right ventricle: a case report and review of the literature. Cardiovasc Pathol; 2009 May-Jun;18(3):178-82
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  • [Title] Endometrial adenocarcinoma metastatic to the right ventricle: a case report and review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Endometrial adenocarcinoma of any histologic type rarely metastasizes to the heart.
  • Her past medical history was significant for a resected Stage IC endometrial adenocarcinoma endometrioid type 15 months prior.
  • The tumor was found to be a poorly differentiated (Grade 3) endometrial adenocarcinoma invading over half the myometrium.
  • Subsequent endocardial biopsy showed a poorly differentiated, Grade 3, endometrial adenocarcinoma of endometrioid histologic type.
  • CONCLUSION: Management of metastatic adenocarcinoma to the heart is not well established due to the rarity of this lesion.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Heart Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18402828.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-1336
  • [Journal-full-title] Cardiovascular pathology : the official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cardiovasc. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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60. O'Neill CJ, McCluggage WG: p16 expression in the female genital tract and its value in diagnosis. Adv Anat Pathol; 2006 Jan;13(1):8-15
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  • In cervical glandular lesions, p16 is useful, as part of a panel, in the distinction between adenocarcinoma in situ (diffusely positive) and benign mimics, including tuboendometrial metaplasia and endometriosis, which are usually p16-negative or focally positive. p16 may be used, in combination with other markers, to distinguish between a cervical adenocarcinoma (diffuse positivity) and an endometrioid-type endometrial adenocarcinoma (negative or focally positive).
  • Metastatic cervical adenocarcinomas in the ovary are usually diffusely p16-positive, and because these may closely mimic a primary ovarian endometrioid or mucinous adenocarcinoma, this may be a valuable diagnostic aid, although p16 expression in primary ovarian adenocarcinomas of these morphologic subtypes has not been widely investigated.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / chemistry. Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Adenocarcinoma / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Carcinoma, Small Cell / chemistry. Carcinoma, Small Cell / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Small Cell / genetics. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / chemistry. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / diagnosis. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / genetics. Diagnosis, Differential. Endometrial Neoplasms / chemistry. Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Endometrial Neoplasms / genetics. Female. Genes, p16. Genitalia, Female / chemistry. Genitalia, Female / physiopathology. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / chemistry. Ovarian Neoplasms / diagnosis. Ovarian Neoplasms / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / analysis. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / chemistry. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / genetics. Uterine Neoplasms / chemistry. Uterine Neoplasms / diagnosis. Uterine Neoplasms / genetics. Vulvar Neoplasms / chemistry. Vulvar Neoplasms / classification. Vulvar Neoplasms / diagnosis. Vulvar Neoplasms / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16462152.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-4109
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 65
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61. van Huisseling H, van Hanegem L, van Dijk M: Post-menopausal vaginal bleeding caused by carcinoma of the appendix: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2010;4:127
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  • The most frequent malignancy found in cases of post-menopausal bleeding is endometrial cancer.
  • Microscopic examination of the tissue removed at laparotomy revealed an adenocarcinoma of the appendix.
  • She was treated with adjuvant radiotherapy and with palliative chemotherapy after 14 months because of intra-abdominal metastatic disease.

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  • [Cites] Ann Surg Oncol. 2008 Sep;15(9):2426-32 [18521686.001]
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  • (PMID = 20433768.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2873455
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62. Akbulut M, Tosun H, Soysal ME, Oztekin O: Endometrioid carcinoma of the endometrium with choriocarcinomatous differentiation: a case report and review of the literature. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2008 Jul;278(1):79-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Endometrioid carcinoma of the endometrium with choriocarcinomatous differentiation: a case report and review of the literature.
  • OBJECTIVE: An endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EAC) with true trophoblastic differentiation is a rare event with a highly aggressive clinical course.
  • CASE: We report an endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the endometrium in which there was a morphologically conventional-appearing EAC component admixed with multinucleated giant cells and large pleomorphic tumor cells that resembled a choriocarcinoma without an elevated serum level of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in a 42-year-old unmarried woman with a history of abnormal uterine bleeding.
  • Histopathologic study of the specimen showed endometrioid adenocarcinoma extended to the deep myometrium with a focus of hemorrhagic and necrotic tumor composed of multinucleated giant cells, large pleomorphic tumor cells, suggesting choriocarcinomatous differentiation (CD).
  • A complete clinical workup ruled out metastatic spread to the brain, lungs, skeleton, or abdomen.
  • CONCLUSION: Although endometrioid adenocarcinoma with choriocarcinomatous differentiation is known to behave in a more aggressive course, this disease may have a good prognosis with a clinically indolent course when it is small, and without elevated serum hCG levels.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Choriocarcinoma / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18066564.001).
  • [ISSN] 0932-0067
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of gynecology and obstetrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Gynecol. Obstet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chorionic Gonadotropin
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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63. Nawaz I, Smith PR, Mamidwar M: Endobronchial metastases from endometrial carcinoma. J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol; 2009 Jul;16(3):219-20
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  • [Title] Endobronchial metastases from endometrial carcinoma.
  • A 78-year-old woman status post hysterectomy and radiation therapy 3 years earlier for endometrial carcinoma presented with cough, dyspnea, and weight loss.
  • Endobronchial biopsy revealed metastatic adenocarcinoma with histology similar to the previously resected endometrial primary and immunohistochemical staining consistent with endometrial carcinoma.
  • To our knowledge, endobronchial metastases from endometrial carcinoma have been reported only once before.

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  • (PMID = 23168560.001).
  • [ISSN] 1944-6586
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of bronchology & interventional pulmonology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Bronchology Interv Pulmonol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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64. Terada T, Kawaguchi M: Primary clear cell adenocarcinoma of the peritoneum. Tohoku J Exp Med; 2005 Jul;206(3):271-5
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  • [Title] Primary clear cell adenocarcinoma of the peritoneum.
  • A 49-year-old Japanese woman underwent hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma grade III, which was composed of undifferentiated carcinoma cells (98%) and tubular carcinoma cells (2%).
  • No clear cell adenocarcinoma elements were noted in this tumor.
  • Two peritoneal cystic tumors were detected by imaging modalities around the stomach and spleen, 15 months and 21 months after the follow-up period of the endometrial carcinoma, respectively.
  • The morphologies fulfilled the criteria of clear cell adenocarcinoma.
  • The morphologies and immunohistochemical findings of the two peritoneal clear cell adenocarcinomas were different from those of endometrial carcinoma.
  • We believe that the two clear cell adenocarcinomas are not metastatic lesions from the endometrial carcinoma of the uterus, and that they are primary clear cell adenocarcinomas of the peritoneum.
  • Our case was characterized by cyst formations and encapsulation in addition to the common histological features of clear cell adenocarcinoma of the uterus and ovary.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / diagnosis. Peritoneal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Proliferation. Cytoplasm / metabolism. Endometrial Neoplasms / metabolism. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Immunohistochemistry. Middle Aged. Ovary / pathology. Periodic Acid-Schiff Reaction. Spleen / metabolism. Stomach / metabolism. Uterine Neoplasms. Uterus / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15942157.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-8727
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tohoku J. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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65. McCluggage WG, Young RH: Endometrial stromal sarcomas with true papillae and pseudopapillae. Int J Gynecol Pathol; 2008 Oct;27(4):555-61
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  • [Title] Endometrial stromal sarcomas with true papillae and pseudopapillae.
  • Most endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESSs) have a characteristic histologic appearance and the diagnosis is easily made based on the typical growth pattern, vascular pattern, and cell type.
  • In the third case, there was a true papillary component involving sex cord-like elements within an ESS and a prominent papillary architecture in the metastatic tumor which developed 7 years later resulted in initial misdiagnosis as a serous adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18753964.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-7151
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of gynecological pathology : official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Pathologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Gynecol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Saglam A, Bozdag G, Kuzey GM, Kuçukali T, Ayhan A: Four synchronous female genital malignancies: the ovary, cervix, endometrium and fallopian tube. Arch Gynecol Obstet; 2008 Jun;277(6):557-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Four synchronous female genital malignancies: the ovary, cervix, endometrium and fallopian tube.
  • OBJECTIVE: To present a unique case of a 63 year-old woman with coexistent adenocarcinoma of the ovary, endometrium, cervix and fallopian tube.
  • RESULTS: A woman presenting with postmenopausal bleeding and abdominal distantion was assessed by endometrial biopsy and explorative surgery.
  • Furthermore, the focal endometrial irregularity at the left uterine cornus turned out to be a well differentiated endometrial carcinoma of the endometrioid type with <1/3 myometrial invasion.
  • The pale infiltrative lesion in the cervix also turned out to be an adenocarcinoma of the endocervical type with deep stromal invasion and areas of diffuse glandular dysplasia and in-situ glandular neoplasia at the periphery.
  • Besides, several sections from the left fallopian tube uncovered diffuse dysplasia in the lining epithelium and a focus of adenocarcinoma with papillary and cribriform pattern.
  • DISCUSSION: When compared with patients having metastatic lesions, most synchronous female malignancies are accompanied with early stage and low-grade with a more favorable prognosis.
  • However, there is paucity of data for the exact criterion to distinguish primary tumors from metastatic lesions.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


67. Kleinberg L, Holth A, Fridman E, Schwartz I, Shih IeM, Davidson B: The diagnostic role of claudins in serous effusions. Am J Clin Pathol; 2007 Jun;127(6):928-37
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  • We analyzed the diagnostic role of claudins in effusion cytology in 325 effusions, including 218 ovarian, 49 breast, 15 cervical or endometrial, 10 gastrointestinal, and 8 lung adenocarcinomas and 25 malignant mesotheliomas (MMs).
  • Ovarian and breast adenocarcinoma were further analyzed for claudin-7 expression.
  • Claudin-1 expression was most frequent in ovarian and cervical or endometrial adenocarcinoma compared with other adenocarcinomas and MMs (P < .001).
  • Claudin-7 expression was higher in ovarian than in breast adenocarcinoma (P < .001).
  • Our data suggest that expression of claudin-3 or claudin-7 is specific for adenocarcinoma and rules out the diagnosis of cells as mesothelial and that absence of claudin-1 expression excludes ovarian carcinoma as the possible origin of metastatic adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis. Ascitic Fluid / pathology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Pleural Effusion, Malignant / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17509990.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9173
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CLDN1 protein, human; 0 / CLDN3 protein, human; 0 / CLDN7 protein, human; 0 / Claudin-1; 0 / Claudin-3; 0 / Claudins; 0 / Membrane Proteins
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68. Khademi S, Westphalen AC, Webb EM, Joe BN, Badiee S, Hawkins RA, Coakley FV: Frequency and etiology of solitary hot spots in the pelvis at whole-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography imaging. Clin Imaging; 2009 Jan-Feb;33(1):44-8
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  • In the seven women, increased FDG uptake was due to physiological endometrial uptake (n=2), leiomyoma (n=1), corpus luteum cyst (n=1), physiological ovarian uptake (n=1), urinary leak (n=1), and nonspecific colitis (n=1).
  • In the man, uptake was due to recurrent rectosigmoid adenocarcinoma.
  • None of the 700 patients was found to have metastatic disease in the pelvis.
  • CONCLUSION: Isolated pelvic hot spots at PET/CT imaging in an oncological population are not common and usually benign; physiological endometrial or ovarian uptake is the single commonest cause.

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  • (PMID = 19135929.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4499
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Imaging
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / 1 T32 EB001631-01; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / EB001631-01A1; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / T32 EB001631-01A1; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / T32 EB001631-02; United States / NIBIB NIH HHS / EB / T32 EB001631
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Radiopharmaceuticals; 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS125433; NLM/ PMC2743966
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69. Puppa G, Shozu M, Perin T, Nomura K, Gloghini A, Campagnutta E, Canzonieri V: Small primary adenocarcinoma in adenomyosis with nodal metastasis: a case report. BMC Cancer; 2007;7:103
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  • [Title] Small primary adenocarcinoma in adenomyosis with nodal metastasis: a case report.
  • A few of these glands were transformed into a moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma.
  • The endometrium was completely examined and tumor free.
  • The carcinoma was, therefore, considered to be an endometrioid adenocarcinoma arising from adenomyosis.
  • Four months later, an ultrasound scan revealed enlarged pelvic lymph nodes: a cytological diagnosis of metastatic adenocarcinoma was made.
  • Immunohistochemical studies showed an enhanced positivity of the tumor site together with the neighbouring adenomyotic foci for estrogen receptors, aromatase, p53 and COX-2 expression when compared to the distant adenomyotic glands and the endometrium.
  • CONCLUSION: Adenocarcinoma in adenomyosis may be affected by local hormonal influence and, despite its small size, may metastasize.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Adenomyoma / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Leiomyoma / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17584489.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Estrogen; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; EC 1.14.14.1 / Aromatase; EC 1.14.99.1 / Cyclooxygenase 2
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1913924
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70. Humber CE, Tierney JF, Symonds RP, Collingwood M, Kirwan J, Williams C, Green JA: Chemotherapy for advanced, recurrent or metastatic endometrial cancer: a systematic review of Cochrane collaboration. Ann Oncol; 2007 Mar;18(3):409-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chemotherapy for advanced, recurrent or metastatic endometrial cancer: a systematic review of Cochrane collaboration.
  • BACKGROUND: Cytotoxic chemotherapy has a limited place in the management of advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer.
  • While early-stage endometrial adenocarcinoma is a common gynaecological cancer with a favourable prognosis, advanced or recurrent disease presents a difficult management problem.
  • Data were extracted from trial reports or supplied by investigators.
  • Future developments are likely to exploit specific molecular characteristics of endometrial cancers, including their hormone dependence, growth factor target overexpression and PTEN loss.
  • While no one drug or regimen offers a clear benefit for women with advanced endometrial cancer, platinum drugs, anthracyclines and paclitaxel seem the most promising agents.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17150999.001).
  • [ISSN] 0923-7534
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / MC/ U122861323
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 57
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71. Young RH: From Krukenberg to today: the ever present problems posed by metastatic tumors in the ovary. Part II. Adv Anat Pathol; 2007 May;14(3):149-77
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  • [Title] From Krukenberg to today: the ever present problems posed by metastatic tumors in the ovary. Part II.
  • This is the second of a two-part consideration of metastatic tumors to the ovary.
  • Coverage of intestinal adenocarcinoma emphasizes the landmark 1987 paper of RH Lash and WR Hart.
  • The section on pancreatic neoplasms reemphasizes the problems caused by metastatic ductal carcinoma, considered primarily in Part I, and discusses less common issues such as spread of neuroendocrine and acinar cell carcinomas.
  • The section on appendiceal neoplasms highlights ovarian spread of diverse tumors ranging from typical intestinal-type adenocarcinoma to signet-ring cell carcinomas with various patterns which in the ovary may prompt diagnoses such as a goblet cell (mucinous) carcinoid tumor, but whose ovarian features place them in the category of a Krukenberg tumor.
  • The section on breast cancer emphasizes that, although usually a manifestation of late stage disease and often not bulky in the ovaries, metastatic breast cancer may form large masses which can represent the clinical presentation.
  • The section on lung tumors largely reflects information in a recent paper that small cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma are the lung cancers that spread to the ovary most commonly.
  • The extremely broad differential diagnosis posed by metastatic malignant melanoma ranging from that of an oxyphilic tumor, to a small cell tumor, to a follicle-forming neoplasm, is then considered.
  • The sections on renal cell carcinoma and other urinary tract neoplasms emphasize the differential diagnosis of metastatic clear cell carcinoma and primary clear cell carcinoma, an issue usually resolvable by an awareness of the various features of the ovarian variant, rarely or never seen in the renal variant.
  • The section on metastatic sarcomas discusses endometrial stromal sarcomas, gastrointestinal stromal neoplasms, and miscellaneous other sarcomas.
  • The endometrial stromal tumors are problematic largely because the history of a primary tumor may be remote, in the ovaries the typical growth and vascular pattern of endometrial stromal neoplasms is not always conspicuous, and some endometrial stromal sarcomas in the ovary show sex cordlike patterns of growth.

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  • (PMID = 17452813.001).
  • [ISSN] 1072-4109
  • [Journal-full-title] Advances in anatomic pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv Anat Pathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Historical Article; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 67
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72. Pectasides D, Pectasides E, Economopoulos T: Systemic therapy in metastatic or recurrent endometrial cancer. Cancer Treat Rev; 2007 Apr;33(2):177-90
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  • [Title] Systemic therapy in metastatic or recurrent endometrial cancer.
  • Endometrial cancer is one of the most common gynecologic malignancies.
  • In patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer survival is greatly diminished.
  • Hormonal therapy and chemotherapy play a major role in the management of advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer.
  • The combination of cisplatin plus doxorubicin is the most commonly used regimen, but carboplatin plus paclitaxel represents an efficacious, low toxicity regimen in advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer.
  • At this time the focus of future research should be on the use of novel targeted agents, since it is unlikely that further significant advances could be made with chemotherapy and endocrine therapy. mTOR inhibitors represent a promising therapeutic strategy for endometrial cancer.
  • Anti-HER-2/neu targeted therapy might be a novel and attractive therapeutic option in patients with biologically aggressive variants (uterine serous papillary carcinoma, clear cell carcinoma) of endometrial cancer.
  • Research in better understanding the signal transduction pathways in endometrial carcinogenesis will allow the development of specific and selective molecularly targeted inhibitors.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy


73. Katsumata N, Noda K, Nozawa S, Kitagawa R, Nishimura R, Yamaguchi S, Aoki D, Susumu N, Kuramoto H, Jobo T, Ueki K, Ueki M, Kohno I, Fujiwara K, Sohda Y, Eguchi F: Phase II trial of docetaxel in advanced or metastatic endometrial cancer: a Japanese Cooperative Study. Br J Cancer; 2005 Oct 31;93(9):999-1004
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  • [Title] Phase II trial of docetaxel in advanced or metastatic endometrial cancer: a Japanese Cooperative Study.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether docetaxel has antitumour activity in patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma.
  • Chemotherapy-naïve or previously treated patients (one regimen) with histopathologically documented endometrial carcinoma and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status </=2 entered the study.
  • Docetaxel has antitumour activity in patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma, including those previously treated with chemotherapy; however, the effect was transient and accompanied by pronounced neutropenia in most patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / therapeutic use. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Salvage Therapy. Taxoids / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / drug therapy. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / mortality. Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / secondary. Adult. Aged. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / drug therapy. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / mortality. Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / secondary. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / drug therapy. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / mortality. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / secondary. Female. Humans. Japan. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 16234823.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 0 / Taxoids; 15H5577CQD / docetaxel
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2361676
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74. Orrrù S, Lay G, Dessì M, Murtas R, Deidda MA, Amichetti M: Brain metastases from endometrial carcinoma: report of three cases and review of the literature. Tumori; 2007 Jan-Feb;93(1):112-7
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  • [Title] Brain metastases from endometrial carcinoma: report of three cases and review of the literature.
  • AIMS AND BACKGROUND: Endometrial carcinoma is a rare cause of brain metastases, accounting for less than 1% of all metastatic lesions to the brain.
  • This report aims to review our experience in the treatment of patients with brain metastases from endometrial carcinoma in order to establish the characteristics of these patients and evaluate the results and efficacy of whole-brain radiation therapy as a palliative measure.
  • METHODS: Three cases of brain metastases from endometrial carcinoma treated with radiotherapy were identified in the files of the Division of Radiotherapy at the A.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The combination of surgery and postoperative whole-brain irradiation in selected patients with solitary brain metastases from endometrial carcinoma is an effective method of palliation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / radiotherapy. Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Brain Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Brain Neoplasms / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17455884.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-8916
  • [Journal-full-title] Tumori
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tumori
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Walrath JD, Lelli GJ Jr, Engelbert M, Kazim M: Metastatic endometrial carcinoma resulting in orbital apex compression. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg; 2007 May-Jun;23(3):250-1
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  • [Title] Metastatic endometrial carcinoma resulting in orbital apex compression.
  • A 63-year-old woman presented subacutely with signs of orbital apex and cavernous sinus disease in the setting of widespread, untreated metastatic carcinoma of the uterus.
  • The underlying diagnosis was confirmed with repeat endometrial biopsy, revealing well-differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • Given the supporting clinical evidence for metastatic disease and the radiologic characteristics of the lesion, the decision was made to not perform a confirming orbital biopsy.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Nerve Compression Syndromes / etiology. Optic Nerve Diseases / etiology. Orbital Neoplasms / secondary. Paranasal Sinus Diseases / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17519676.001).
  • [ISSN] 0740-9303
  • [Journal-full-title] Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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76. Bidziński M, Dańska-Bidzińska A, Derlatka P, Sobiczewski P, Gmyrek L, Jońska-Gmyrek J, Panek G: [Recurrence risk analysis in patients treated for I clinical stage of endometrial cancer]. Ginekol Pol; 2007 Jun;78(6):471-5
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  • [Title] [Recurrence risk analysis in patients treated for I clinical stage of endometrial cancer].
  • INTRODUCTION: The risk of endometrial cancer recurrence is estimated to be about 20%.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between the year 2001 and 2003, 203 from 243 patients with endometrial cancer underwent surgery.
  • Recognizing 2 or more metastatic lymph nodes significantly increased the risk of recurrences.
  • CONCLUSION: In patients with endometrial cancer the risk of recurrences increases when lymph node metastases are recognized.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / surgery. Women's Health
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / secondary. Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / surgery. Adult. Cystadenocarcinoma, Papillary / secondary. Cystadenocarcinoma, Papillary / surgery. Female. Genital Neoplasms, Female / secondary. Genital Neoplasms, Female / surgery. Humans. Lymph Nodes / pathology. Lymph Nodes / surgery. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Invasiveness. Neoplasm Staging. Poland. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 17899704.001).
  • [ISSN] 0017-0011
  • [Journal-full-title] Ginekologia polska
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ginekol. Pol.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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77. Maghraby HK, Elsarha AI, Saad RS: Peritumoral lymphatic vessel density as a prognostic parameter in endometrial carcinoma: an immunohistochemical study. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2010 Jul-Sep;53(3):465-9
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  • [Title] Peritumoral lymphatic vessel density as a prognostic parameter in endometrial carcinoma: an immunohistochemical study.
  • CONTEXT: Lymphatic invasion and nodal metastasis play a major role in the spread and prognosis of endometrial adenocarcinoma (EC).
  • AIMS: In this study, we investigate tumor lymph-angiogenesis, detected by D2-40, as a predictive marker for the risk of lymph node (LN) metastasis and its relation to other prognostic parameters in EC.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five cases of EC treated with total hysterectomy and pelvic LN dissection were reviewed.
  • Peritumoral D2-40 lymphovascular counts correlated significantly with FIGO grade (P < 0.001), lymphovascular invasion (P = 0.001) and LN metastases (P = 0.005).
  • Intratumoral lymphovascular invasion detected by D2-40 showed significant correlation with LN metastases (P < 0.01).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that assessing LVD with D2-40 in the endometrial carcinoma might be a valuable parameter for predicting patients having an increased risk of developing of metastatic disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / diagnosis. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Lymphatic Vessels / pathology. Neovascularization, Pathologic

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  • (PMID = 20699504.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / monoclonal antibody D2-40
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78. Humber C, Tierney J, Symonds P, Collingwood M, Kirwan J, Williams C, Green J: Chemotherapy for advanced, recurrent or metastatic endometrial carcinoma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2005;(4):CD003915
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  • [Title] Chemotherapy for advanced, recurrent or metastatic endometrial carcinoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Endometrial adenocarcinoma is a common gynaecological cancer, but a comparatively small proportion of patients present with or develop recurrent or advanced disease.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess any benefits or adverse effects of cytotoxic chemotherapy in women with advanced, recurrent or metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • Only one trial showed a significant survival benefit from the addition of paclitaxel to combination chemotherapy, but this was at the expense of increased toxicity.
  • AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The optimum cytotoxic drug regimen for advanced endometrial adenocarcinoma has still to be defined although our review suggests that it may contain paclitaxel or platinum.
  • These mainly North American and European trial populations represent a highly selected subgroup of the 10,000 women dying annually from this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy

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  • [UpdateIn] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;8:CD003915 [22895938.001]
  • [UpdateOf] Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;(3):CD003915 [16034916.001]
  • (PMID = 16235346.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 109
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79. Hecht JL, Dolinski BM, Gardner HA, Violette SM, Weinreb PH: Overexpression of the alphavbeta6 integrin in endometrial cancer. Appl Immunohistochem Mol Morphol; 2008 Dec;16(6):543-7
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  • [Title] Overexpression of the alphavbeta6 integrin in endometrial cancer.
  • The alpha(v)beta(6) integrin (alphavbeta6) has been shown to be up-regulated in adenocarcinoma of the breast, colon, stomach, and ovary, generally reflecting a more aggressive phenotype.
  • Expression in endometrial cancer has not been reported.
  • We analyzed alphavbeta6 expression in the tissue from primary endometrial carcinomas (endometrioid type) using a mouse monoclonal antibody against human alphavbeta6, and correlated the findings with grade, stage, and nodal involvement.
  • Normal cycling endometrium was studied for comparison. alphavbeta6 was only weakly expressed in normal epithelium and infrequently expressed in precancers, but up-regulated in the majority of endometrial carcinomas, especially with high grade.
  • Overexpression of alphavbeta6 in endometrial carcinoma is common.
  • Expression is high in metastatic lesions.

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  • (PMID = 18698261.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4058
  • [Journal-full-title] Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology : AIMM
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Appl. Immunohistochem. Mol. Morphol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Integrin alphaV; 0 / Integrin beta Chains; 0 / integrin beta6
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80. Rettenmaier NB, Epstein HD, Oi S, Robinson PA, Goldstein BH: Cerebral nocardia masquerading as metastatic CNS disease in an endometrial cancer patient. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2009;30(1):90-2
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  • [Title] Cerebral nocardia masquerading as metastatic CNS disease in an endometrial cancer patient.
  • We present the case of a 61-year-old woman previously treated for endometrial carcinoma, who three years later developed metastatic pulmonary disease and received systemic chemotherapy.
  • After five months, she developed a large right posterior lobe lesion, suspicious for metastatic CNS disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / secondary. Brain Abscess / diagnosis. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Nocardia Infections / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19317267.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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81. Barrier BF, Kendall BS, Sharpe-Timms KL, Kost ER: Characterization of human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) expression in endometrial adenocarcinoma. Gynecol Oncol; 2006 Oct;103(1):25-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characterization of human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) expression in endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • OBJECTIVES: The current study sought to determine if endometrial adenocarcinomas express human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G), an immune-regulatory protein, and if degree of expression correlates with the stage of carcinoma.
  • METHODS: Forty-four primary endometrial adenocarcinomas were tested using immunohistochemical staining with the 4H84 anti-HLA-G monoclonal antibody.
  • Metastatic implants were not included.
  • RESULTS: Immunohistochemical staining for HLA-G protein was seen in 55% (24/44) of primary site endometrial adenocarcinomas and localized to glandular but not stromal epithelium.
  • A significant correlation was seen with increasing HLA-G protein staining and increasing stage of endometrial cancer, P < 0.01.
  • HLA-G was found to be a fair discriminator as a test for metastatic disease with an area under the ROC curve of 0.75 for metastatic versus non-metastatic disease.
  • CONCLUSIONS: HLA-G protein is expressed in a significant number of endometrial adenocarcinomas, in which it is localized to the glandular epithelium.
  • HLA-G may serve as a clinical marker for the preoperative prediction of metastatic endometrial cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / immunology. Endometrial Neoplasms / immunology. HLA Antigens / biosynthesis. Histocompatibility Antigens Class I / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 16530254.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA Antigens; 0 / HLA-G Antigens; 0 / Histocompatibility Antigens Class I
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82. Ferrandina G, Zannoni GF, Gallotta V, Foti E, Mancuso S, Scambia G: Progression of conservatively treated endometrial carcinoma after full term pregnancy: a case report. Gynecol Oncol; 2005 Oct;99(1):215-7
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  • [Title] Progression of conservatively treated endometrial carcinoma after full term pregnancy: a case report.
  • INTRODUCTION: We describe a case of conservatively treated endometrial endometrioid (EE) adenocarcinoma which showed an aggressive clinical outcome after pregnancy.
  • CASE: A 30-year-old woman with a well differentiated EE adenocarcinoma decided to attempt a conservative approach and underwent progestin treatment with subsequent negative ultrasound and hysteroscopic controls.
  • Eight 8 months after delivery, an exploratory laparotomy documented disseminated poorly differentiated EE adenocarcinoma.
  • Staging work up revealed diffuse metastatic disease.
  • CONCLUSION: Conservative medical management of endometrial cancer in young women willing to preserve their reproductive potential, carries on potential risks.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / drug therapy

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  • [CommentIn] Gynecol Oncol. 2006 May;101(2):373-4; author reply 374-5 [16494931.001]
  • (PMID = 15979130.001).
  • [ISSN] 0090-8258
  • [Journal-full-title] Gynecologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gynecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 90I02KLE8K / Dydrogesterone
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83. Roncati L, Barbolini G, Ghirardini G, Rivasi F: Mature solid teratoma of the fallopian tube mimicking metastasis of endometrial adenocarcinoma: a case report. Int J Surg Pathol; 2010 Dec;18(6):561-3
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  • [Title] Mature solid teratoma of the fallopian tube mimicking metastasis of endometrial adenocarcinoma: a case report.
  • This mass was noted on CT scan and considered metastatic in nature since following a bioptical diagnosis of endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Teratoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19282291.001).
  • [ISSN] 1940-2465
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Ali TZ, Zakowski MF, Yung RC, Burroughs FH, Ali SZ: Exfoliative sputum cytology of cancers metastatic to the lung. Diagn Cytopathol; 2005 Sep;33(3):147-51
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  • [Title] Exfoliative sputum cytology of cancers metastatic to the lung.
  • Thirty-five cases of secondary/metastatic tumors involving the lung and diagnosed on sputum were retrospectively reviewed from our cytopathology files for a period of 22 yr (1980-2001).
  • Cytological diagnoses included colonic adenocarcinoma (7 cases); non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; 5 cases); malignant melanoma (MM; 5 cases); breast carcinoma (5 cases); Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL; 3 cases); pancreatic adenocarcinoma (2 cases); prostatic adenocarcinoma (2 cases); and 1 case each of urothelial carcinoma, endometrial carcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, hepatic small-cell carcinoma, squamous-cell carcinoma (cervix), and leiomyosarcoma (LMS).
  • In non-lymphoid tumors (27 cases), isolated single malignant cells were seen in 7 (26%) cases (all cases of MM and prostatic adenocarcinoma), whereas 20 (74%) cases displayed fragments with intact tumor architecture.
  • Exfoliation of cancer cells in sputum from secondary tumors in the lung is a rare phenomenon in current-day practice, with metastatic colonic adenocarcinoma seen most commonly.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16078247.001).
  • [ISSN] 8755-1039
  • [Journal-full-title] Diagnostic cytopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diagn. Cytopathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Gulec SA, Mesoloras G, Dezarn WA, McNeillie P, Kennedy AS: Safety and efficacy of Y-90 microsphere treatment in patients with primary and metastatic liver cancer: the tumor selectivity of the treatment as a function of tumor to liver flow ratio. J Transl Med; 2007;5:15
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  • [Title] Safety and efficacy of Y-90 microsphere treatment in patients with primary and metastatic liver cancer: the tumor selectivity of the treatment as a function of tumor to liver flow ratio.
  • BACKGROUND: Treatment records and follow-up data on 40 patients with primary and metastatic liver malignancies who underwent a single whole-liver treatment with Y-90 resin microspheres (SIR-Spheres Sirtex Medical, Lake Forest, IL) were retrospectively reviewed.
  • RESULTS: Of the 40 patients, 5 had hepatocellular cancer (HCC), and 35 had metastatic liver tumors (15 colorectal cancer, 10 neuroendocrine tumors, 4 breast cancer, 2 lung cancer, 1 ovarian cancer, 1 endometrial cancer, and 2 unknown primary adenocarcinoma).

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  • (PMID = 17359531.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of translational medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Transl Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Toll-Like Receptors; 0 / Yttrium Radioisotopes; 58784XQC3Y / Yttrium
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1845138
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20070802
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86. Mood NI, Eftekhar Z, Haratian A, Saeedi L, Rahimi-Moghaddam P, Yarandi F: A cytohistologic study of atypical glandular cells detected in cervical smears during cervical screening tests in Iran. Int J Gynecol Cancer; 2006 Jan-Feb;16(1):257-61
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  • Among them were cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, basal cell abnormality of undetermined significance, cervical adenocarcinoma, endometrial hyperplasia or adenocarcinoma, vaginal adenocarcinoma, endocervical glandular dysplasia, metastatic breast carcinoma, and simple nonvillous trophoblastic tissue.


87. Delpech Y, Cortez A, Coutant C, Callard P, Uzan S, Darai E, Barranger E: The sentinel node concept in endometrial cancer: histopathologic validation by serial section and immunohistochemistry. Ann Oncol; 2007 Nov;18(11):1799-803
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  • [Title] The sentinel node concept in endometrial cancer: histopathologic validation by serial section and immunohistochemistry.
  • If the SN is not metastatic, then all other nodes should also be disease-free.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients (median age 69 years) with early endometrial cancer underwent a laparoscopic SN procedure based on a combined detection method, followed by complete laparoscopic pelvic lymphadenectomy.
  • Ten SNs (21.3%) from five patients (26.3%) were found to be metastatic at the final histologic assessment.
  • In 14 patients, no metastatic SN involvement was detected by H&E and IHC staining.
  • In these 14 patients, 120 non-SNs were examined by serial sectioning and IHC, and none were found to be metastatic.
  • CONCLUSION: The SN procedure appears to reliably predict the metastatic status of the regional lymphatic basin in patients with early endometrial cancer.

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  • (PMID = 17709801.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-8041
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] England
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88. Boran N, Akdag D, Halici F, Tulunay G, Turan T, Bozok S, Erdogan Z, Kose MF: A retrospective analysis of the diameter of metastatic lymph nodes in apparently early stage endometrial cancer. Tumori; 2008 Sep-Oct;94(5):681-5
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  • [Title] A retrospective analysis of the diameter of metastatic lymph nodes in apparently early stage endometrial cancer.
  • AIMS AND BACKGROUND: The objective of this retrospective study was to assess the diameter of metastatic lymph nodes in a population of women with apparently early stage endometrial cancer at laparotomy.
  • METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Among 700 cases with endometrial cancer, 27 cases with disease clinically limited to the uterus in the laparotomy and found to have retroperitoneal node metastasis after pathologic examination were included in this study.
  • Pathologic characteristics of the tumors, pelvic and para-aortic node counts and the largest diameter of each metastatic node were evaluated.
  • A total of 85 metastatic nodes were identified.
  • Mean diameter of the metastatic para-aortic and pelvic nodes was 6.8 mm and 9 mm, respectively.
  • Nine patients had single metastatic nodes, and the diameters of the single metastatic para-aortic lymph node was 1 mm in one case, 2 mm in one case, 3 mm in one case and 4 mm in one, and 5 mm in two patients.
  • Diameters of the metastatic para-aortic lymph nodes were 4 and 5 mm in one case and 4 mm in the other case.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The diameters of metastatic nodes may be as small as 1 mm.
  • For correct staging of cases with endometrial cancer, complete systematic para-aortic and/or pelvic lymphadenectomy might be appropriate.
  • [MeSH-major] Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / secondary. Adult. Aged. Aorta. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / secondary. Carcinosarcoma / secondary. Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous / secondary. Female. Humans. Hysterectomy. Lymph Node Excision. Lymphatic Metastasis. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Ovariectomy. Pelvis. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 19112940.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-8916
  • [Journal-full-title] Tumori
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tumori
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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89. De Lott LB, Morrison C, Suster S, Cohn DE, Frankel WL: CDX2 is a useful marker of intestinal-type differentiation: a tissue microarray-based study of 629 tumors from various sites. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2005 Sep;129(9):1100-5
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  • DESIGN: Tissue microarrays from 71 colorectal adenocarcinomas, 31 hepatocellular carcinomas, 47 lung adenocarcinomas, 55 squamous cell carcinomas of the lung, 69 neuroendocrine carcinomas of the lung and 43 of the pancreas, 57 pancreatic adenocarcinomas, and 256 endometrial adenocarcinomas were stained with antibody against CDX2.
  • Other tumors showing occasional CDX2 staining included 1 of 30 well- or moderately differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas of the lung and 2 of 43 from the pancreas, 1 of 47 lung adenocarcinomas, 3 of 57 pancreatic adenocarcinomas, and 15 of 256 endometrial carcinomas.
  • CONCLUSIONS: CDX2 is a useful marker for intestinal-type differentiation, is rarely seen in tumors from the other sites evaluated, and may be useful in determining the site of origin for some metastatic tumors.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenocarcinoma / metabolism. Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Colorectal Neoplasms / metabolism. Colorectal Neoplasms / pathology. Female. Histocytological Preparation Techniques. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques

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  • (PMID = 16119980.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CDX2 protein, human; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins
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90. McCluggage WG: Immunohistochemistry as a diagnostic aid in cervical pathology. Pathology; 2007 Feb;39(1):97-111
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  • In the broad field of cervical glandular lesions, topics covered include: the value of markers such as MIB1, p16 and bcl-2 in distinguishing adenocarcinoma in situ and glandular dysplasia from benign mimics; markers of mesonephric lesions, including CD10; markers of value in the diagnosis of minimal deviation adenocarcinoma, such as HIK1083; markers of value in distinguishing metastatic cervical adenocarcinoma in the ovary from primary ovarian endometrioid or mucinous adenocarcinoma.
  • A panel of markers, comprising oestrogen receptor, vimentin, monoclonal carcinoembryonic antigen and p16, is of value in distinguishing between a cervical adenocarcinoma and an endometrial adenocarcinoma of endometrioid type.

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  • (PMID = 17365826.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-3025
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 104
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91. Miyamoto H, Jones CE, Raymond DP, Wandtke JC, Strang JG, Bourne PA, Bonfiglio TA, Xu H: Pulmonary metastases from uterine neoplasms after long tumour-free interval: four cases and review of the literature. Pathology; 2009;41(3):234-41
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  • Case 1 was a 68-year-old woman who had three pulmonary nodules 23 years after hysterectomy for low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma (LGESS).
  • The nodules obtained with video-assisted thoracic surgeries were consistent with metastatic LGESS.
  • Case 3 was a 77-year-old woman who had a large lung mass with satellite nodules 17 years after hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and subsequent radiotherapy for endometrial endometrioid adenocarcinoma (EEA).
  • The biopsied and resected lung tumour was consistent with metastatic EEA.
  • Case 4 was a 51-year-old woman who underwent total hysterectomy and subsequent radiotherapy for endocervical adenocarcinoma 12 years ago and lung lobectomy for metastatic disease 8 years ago.
  • She then developed two pulmonary lesions 14 months ago, and these resected after radiotherapy were metastatic endocervical adenocarcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Carcinoma, Endometrioid / secondary. Leiomyoma / pathology. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal / secondary. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19291535.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3931
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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92. Ibáñez Pinto A, Fernández Salgado E, Castro Ortiz E, Baltar Arias R, Vázquez Vázquez S, Ledo Barro L, Vázquez San Luis J, Vázquez Astray E: [Gastrointestinal bleeding of obscure origin caused by a metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma. Response to hormonal therapy]. Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2007 Nov;30(9):530-4
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  • [Title] [Gastrointestinal bleeding of obscure origin caused by a metastatic endometrial adenocarcinoma. Response to hormonal therapy].
  • [Transliterated title] Hemorragia digestiva de origen incierto por un adenocarcinoma endometrial metastásico. Respuesta al tratamiento hormonal.
  • BACKGROUND: Endometrial cancer (EC) is the most common gynecologic malignancy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / therapeutic use. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology. Medroxyprogesterone Acetate / therapeutic use. Pelvic Neoplasms / secondary. Peritoneal Neoplasms / secondary. Retroperitoneal Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 17980130.001).
  • [ISSN] 0210-5705
  • [Journal-full-title] Gastroenterología y hepatología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; C2QI4IOI2G / Medroxyprogesterone Acetate
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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93. Kim ES, Lee DP, Lee MW, Choi JH, Moon KC, Koh JK: Cutaneous metastasis of uterine papillary serous carcinoma. Am J Dermatopathol; 2005 Oct;27(5):436-8
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  • Uterine papillary serous carcinoma (UPSC) is an uncommon highly malignant variant of endometrial adenocarcinoma that histologically and clinically resembles papillary serous carcinoma of the ovary.
  • Without clinical history, it is difficult to distinguish other types of metastatic carcinoma to the skin and primary apocrine carcinoma of the skin from metastatic uterine papillary serous carcinoma.
  • Whereas uterine papillary serous carcinoma only rarely involves the skin, this entity should be included in the differential diagnosis of papillary adenocarcinoma in the skin.

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  • (PMID = 16148416.001).
  • [ISSN] 0193-1091
  • [Journal-full-title] The American Journal of dermatopathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Dermatopathol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Fulciniti F, Losito S, Botti G, Di Mattia D, La Mura A, Pisano C, Pignata S: Metastases to the breast: role of fine needle cytology samples. Our experience with nine cases in 2 years. Ann Oncol; 2008 Apr;19(4):682-7
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  • RESULTS: Primary sites were identified on cytomorphological and immunocytochemical bases and were represented by the ovary (three cases), melanoma (two cases), endocervix (one case), endometrium (one case), lung (one case) and prostate (one case).
  • CONCLUSION: The cytopathological diagnosis of metastatic neoplasms to the breast is not always straightforward, especially in the absence of a clinical history of cancer.

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  • (PMID = 18048381.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-8041
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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95. Baron M, Hamou L, Laberge S, Callonnec F, Tielmans A, Dessogne P: Metastatic spread of gynaecological neoplasms to the adrenal gland: case reports with a review of the literature. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2008;29(5):523-6
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  • [Title] Metastatic spread of gynaecological neoplasms to the adrenal gland: case reports with a review of the literature.
  • Metastatic involvement of the adrenal glands due to gynaecological neoplasms is a relatively rare condition.
  • The aim of our study was to present four cases of metastases to the adrenal gland due to endometrial adenocarcinoma, ovarian and cervical cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Adrenal Gland Neoplasms / secondary. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / pathology. Carcinoma, Endometrioid / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / pathology


96. Michener CM, Peterson G, Kulp B, Webster KD, Markman M: Carboplatin plus paclitaxel in the treatment of advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol; 2005 Sep;131(9):581-4
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  • [Title] Carboplatin plus paclitaxel in the treatment of advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of carboplatin plus paclitaxel in patients with advanced, metastatic and recurrent endometrial cancer.
  • METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed to identify endometrial cancer patients treated in the Gynecologic Cancer Program of the Cleveland Clinic with carboplatin/paclitaxel who had both a histologic diagnosis of endometrial adenocarcinoma and either measurable (CT scan, physical examination) or evaluable (CA-125 criteria) disease.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The combination of carboplatin plus paclitaxel demonstrates substantial biological activity in endometrial adenocarcinoma.
  • The safety and efficacy of this regimen makes it an attractive option for first-line chemotherapy in patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial carcinoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / drug therapy. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Endometrial Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasm Metastasis / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 15959825.001).
  • [ISSN] 0171-5216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin; P88XT4IS4D / Paclitaxel
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97. Kaya A, Olmezoglu A, Eren CS, Bayol U, Altay T, Karapinar L, Ozturk H, Oztekin D, Guvenli Y, Karadogan I: Solitary bone metastasis in the tibia as a presenting sign of endometrial adenocarcinoma: a case report and the review of the literature. Clin Exp Metastasis; 2007;24(2):87-92
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  • [Title] Solitary bone metastasis in the tibia as a presenting sign of endometrial adenocarcinoma: a case report and the review of the literature.
  • BACKGROUND: Metastasis to bone from endometrial adenocarcinoma is rare, when metastasises it usually locates in axial skeleton.
  • In the present study we report the 10th cases of bone metastasis in the literature which located at tibial diaphysis and originated from endometrial adenocarcinoma as a presenting feature of the primary disease.
  • Biopsy confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma of the unknown origin.
  • Endometrial adenocarcinoma is detected after the end of disease-free one year with the symptom of vaginal bleeding.
  • DISCUSSION: Patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma presenting an isolated skeletal metastasis may exhibit an unusual group with a better prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma / pathology. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Tibia / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17364220.001).
  • [ISSN] 0262-0898
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & experimental metastasis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Metastasis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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98. Fletcher H, Wharfe G, Williams E, Hanchard B, Mitchell D: Multiple metachronous malignancies, one patient with three primary malignancies: a case report. J Med Case Rep; 2007;1:15
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Ten months later she presented with vaginal bleeding and was diagnosed with a poorly differentiated endometrial adenocarcinoma at hysteroscopic suction curettage and had an abdominal hysterectomy.
  • Two years later the patient succumbed to metastatic endometrial cancer.

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  • (PMID = 17475007.001).
  • [ISSN] 1752-1947
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical case reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Case Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1871600
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99. Nikolov M, Dobrev N: [Rare cases of isolated metastatic process in the spleen from gynecological tumors]. Khirurgiia (Sofiia); 2007;(1-2):60-1
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  • [Title] [Rare cases of isolated metastatic process in the spleen from gynecological tumors].
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Papillary / secondary. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Ovarian Neoplasms / pathology. Splenic Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 18461038.001).
  • [ISSN] 0450-2167
  • [Journal-full-title] Khirurgii︠a︡
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Khirurgiia (Sofiia)
  • [Language] bul
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bulgaria
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100. Ohta Y, Hamatani S, Suzuki T, Ikeda K, Kiyokawa K, Shiokawa A, Kushima M, Ota H: Clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from a giant cystic adenomyosis: a case report with immunohistochemical analysis of laminin-5 gamma2 chain and p53 overexpression. Pathol Res Pract; 2008;204(9):677-82
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  • [Title] Clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from a giant cystic adenomyosis: a case report with immunohistochemical analysis of laminin-5 gamma2 chain and p53 overexpression.
  • We report a case of a clear cell adenocarcinoma arising from a giant cystic adenomyosis, with immunohistochemical analysis of p53 and laminin-5 gamma2 chain overexpression.
  • Microscopically, not only clear cell adenocarcinoma showing myometrial invasion but also single-layered clear cell adenocarcinoma cells lining the cyst wall were observed.
  • Although the tumor cells within the uterus showed a low positive cell ratio for p53, the metastatic foci showed a remarkable p53 overexpression.
  • Laminin-5 gamma2 chain expression was low in papillary proliferation and high in myometrial invasion and metastatic foci.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenocarcinoma, Clear Cell / pathology. Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology. Endometriosis / pathology. Laminin / biosynthesis. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 18467037.001).
  • [ISSN] 0344-0338
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology, research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathol. Res. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / LAMC2 protein, human; 0 / Laminin; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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