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1. Akhoondi S, Sun D, von der Lehr N, Apostolidou S, Klotz K, Maljukova A, Cepeda D, Fiegl H, Dafou D, Marth C, Mueller-Holzner E, Corcoran M, Dagnell M, Nejad SZ, Nayer BN, Zali MR, Hansson J, Egyhazi S, Petersson F, Sangfelt P, Nordgren H, Grander D, Reed SI, Widschwendter M, Sangfelt O, Spruck C: FBXW7/hCDC4 is a general tumor suppressor in human cancer. Cancer Res; 2007 Oct 1;67(19):9006-12
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  • The highest mutation frequencies were found in tumors of the bile duct (cholangiocarcinomas, 35%), blood (T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia, 31%), endometrium (9%), colon (9%), and stomach (6%).
  • Furthermore, we show that Fbxw7Arg465 hotspot mutant can abrogate wild-type Fbxw7 function through a dominant negative mechanism.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics. F-Box Proteins / genetics. Genes, Tumor Suppressor. Neoplasms / genetics. Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / genetics

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  • [ErratumIn] Cancer Res. 2008 Feb 15;68(4):1245. Dofou, Dimitra [corrected to Dafou, Dimitra]
  • (PMID = 17909001.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / F-Box Proteins; 0 / Protein Isoforms; 6R795CQT4H / 5-Methylcytosine; EC 6.3.2.19 / FBXW7 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
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2. Cossu F: Genetics of SCID. Ital J Pediatr; 2010;36:76
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  • Human SCID (Severe Combined Immunodeficiency) is a prenatal disorder of T lymphocyte development, that depends on the expression of numerous genes.
  • The knowledge of the genetic basis of SCID is essential for diagnosis (e.g., clinical phenotype, lymphocyte profile) and treatment (e.g., use and type of pre-hematopoietic stem cell transplant conditioning).Over the last years novel genetic defects causing SCID have been discovered, and the molecular and immunological mechanisms of SCID have been better characterized.
  • Distinct forms of SCID show both common and peculiar (e.g., absence or presence of nonimmunological features) aspects, and they are currently classified into six groups according to prevalent pathophysiological mechanisms: impaired cytokine-mediated signaling; pre-T cell receptor defects; increased lymphocyte apoptosis; defects in thymus embryogenesis; impaired calcium flux; other mechanisms.This review is the updated, extended and largely modified translation of the article "Cossu F: Le basi genetiche delle SCID", originally published in Italian language in the journal "Prospettive in Pediatria" 2009, 156:228-238.
  • [MeSH-minor] Genetic Therapy. Genotype. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Neonatal Screening. T-Lymphocytes / pathology

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  • (PMID = 21078154.001).
  • [ISSN] 1824-7288
  • [Journal-full-title] Italian journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ital J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2999594
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3. Garbe AI, Krueger A, Gounari F, Zúñiga-Pflücker JC, von Boehmer H: Differential synergy of Notch and T cell receptor signaling determines alphabeta versus gammadelta lineage fate. J Exp Med; 2006 Jun 12;203(6):1579-90
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  • [Title] Differential synergy of Notch and T cell receptor signaling determines alphabeta versus gammadelta lineage fate.
  • Thymic precursors expressing the pre-T cell receptor (TCR), the gammadeltaTCR, or the alphabetaTCR can all enter the CD4+ 8+ alphabeta lineage, albeit with different efficacy.
  • In particular, in alphabeta lineage commitment, the pre-TCR synergizes more efficiently with Notch signals than the other two TCRs, whereas gammadeltaTCR-expressing cells can survive and expand in the absence of Notch signals, even though Notch signaling enhances their proliferation.
  • These observations suggest a new model of alphabeta versus gammadelta lineage choice in which lineage fate is determined by the extent of synergy between TCR and Notch signaling and in which the evolutionarily recent advent of the cell-autonomously signaling pre-TCR increased the efficacy of alphabeta T cell generation.

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  • (PMID = 16754723.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1007
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI045846; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA10990; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI47281; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI047281; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI45846
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta; 0 / Receptors, Notch; 128559-51-3 / RAG-1 protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2118312
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4. Derré L, Bruyninx M, Baumgaertner P, Ferber M, Schmid D, Leimgruber A, Zoete V, Romero P, Michielin O, Speiser DE, Rufer N: Distinct sets of alphabeta TCRs confer similar recognition of tumor antigen NY-ESO-1157-165 by interacting with its central Met/Trp residues. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 2008 Sep 30;105(39):15010-5
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  • Here, we studied T cell receptor (TCR) primary structure and function of 605 HLA-A*0201/NY-ESO-1(157-165)-specific CD8 T cell clones derived from five melanoma patients.
  • All remaining T cell clones belong to two additional sets expressing BV1 or BV13 TCRs, associated with alpha-chains with highly diverse VJ usage, CDR3 amino acid sequence, and length.
  • Yet, all T cell clonotypes recognize tumor antigen with similar functional avidity.
  • Two residues, Met-160 and Trp-161, located in the middle region of the NY-ESO-1(157-165) peptide, are critical for recognition by most of the T cell clonotypes.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Proteins / immunology. Peptide Fragments / immunology. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / immunology

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  • (PMID = 18809922.001).
  • [ISSN] 1091-6490
  • [Journal-full-title] Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Peptide Fragments; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta; 0 / peptide NY-ESO-1 157-165; 2ZD004190S / Threonine; AE28F7PNPL / Methionine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2567484
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5. Martínez-Delgado B, Cuadros M, Honrado E, Ruiz de la Parte A, Roncador G, Alves J, Castrillo JM, Rivas C, Benítez J: Differential expression of NF-kappaB pathway genes among peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Leukemia; 2005 Dec;19(12):2254-63
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  • [Title] Differential expression of NF-kappaB pathway genes among peripheral T-cell lymphomas.
  • Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) is one important pathway in T-cell proliferation and survival.
  • In a previously reported microarray study, we found NF-kappaB pathway genes differentially expressed between peripheral (PTCL) and lymphoblastic lymphomas.
  • This distinction was found among all T-cell lymphoma categories analyzed (PTCL unspecified, angioimmunoblastic, cutaneous and natural killer/T lymphomas) with the exception of anaplastic lymphomas (ALCL), which were characterized by reduced NF-kappaB expression in anaplastic cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / genetics. NF-kappa B / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16270046.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / NF-kappa B
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6. Kode J, Dudhal N, Banavali S, Chiplunkar S: T-cell receptor gamma and delta junctional gene rearrangements as diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Apr;47(4):769-70
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  • [Title] T-cell receptor gamma and delta junctional gene rearrangements as diagnostic and prognostic biomarker for T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor. Gene Rearrangement. Leukemia, T-Cell / diagnosis. Leukemia, T-Cell / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16886283.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta
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7. Frazer JK, Meeker ND, Rudner L, Bradley DF, Smith AC, Demarest B, Joshi D, Locke EE, Hutchinson SA, Tripp S, Perkins SL, Trede NS: Heritable T-cell malignancy models established in a zebrafish phenotypic screen. Leukemia; 2009 Oct;23(10):1825-35
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  • [Title] Heritable T-cell malignancy models established in a zebrafish phenotypic screen.
  • T-cell neoplasias are common in pediatric oncology, and include acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL).
  • These cancers have worse prognoses than their B-cell counterparts, and their treatments carry significant morbidity.
  • Although many pediatric malignancies have characteristic translocations, most T-lymphocyte-derived diseases lack cytogenetic hallmarks.
  • Although dysregulation of the NOTCH1 pathway occurs in a substantial fraction of cases, many other genetic lesions of T-cell malignancy have not yet been determined.
  • Using transgenic fish with T-lymphocyte-specific expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP), we performed chemical mutagenesis, screened animals for GFP(+) tumors, and identified multiple lines with a heritable predisposition to T-cell malignancy.
  • T-cell receptor analyses confirmed their clonality.
  • Malignancies were transplantable and contained leukemia-initiating cells, like their human correlates.
  • In summary, we have identified multiple zebrafish mutants that recapitulate human T-cell neoplasia and show heritable transmission.

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  • (PMID = 19516274.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / K08 HD053350-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30-CA042014; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / K08-HD53350; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R21 HD060310; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R21 HD060310-01; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / T32-DK007115; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / T32 DK007115; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / K08 HD053350; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R21-AI079784; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / K12 HD001410; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / K12-HD001410; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / K08 HD053350-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA042014
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / enhanced green fluorescent protein; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS112911; NLM/ PMC2761994
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8. Medyouf H, Alcalde H, Berthier C, Guillemin MC, dos Santos NR, Janin A, Decaudin D, de Thé H, Ghysdael J: Targeting calcineurin activation as a therapeutic strategy for T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Nat Med; 2007 Jun;13(6):736-41
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  • [Title] Targeting calcineurin activation as a therapeutic strategy for T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • In the T-cell lineage, calcineurin activation is important for pre-T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling, TCR-mediated positive selection of thymocytes into mature T cells, and many aspects of the immune response.
  • We observed sustained calcineurin activation in human B- and T-cell lymphomas and in all mouse models of lymphoid malignancies analyzed.
  • In intracellular NOTCH1 (ICN1)- and TEL-JAK2-induced T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia, two mouse models relevant to human malignancies, in vivo inhibition of calcineurin activity by CsA or FK506 induced apoptosis of leukemic cells and rapid tumor clearance, and substantially prolonged mouse survival.
  • In contrast, ectopic expression of a constitutively activated mutant of calcineurin favored leukemia progression.
  • Moreover, CsA treatment induced apoptosis in human lymphoma and leukemia cell lines.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Calcineurin / metabolism. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / enzymology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Calcineurin Inhibitors. Cell Line, Tumor. Cyclosporine / pharmacology. Disease Models, Animal. Enzyme Activation / drug effects. Humans. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / enzymology. Lymphoma, B-Cell / pathology. Mice. Mice, Inbred C57BL. Mice, Knockout. Mice, Transgenic. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / deficiency. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Receptor, Notch1 / physiology. Tacrolimus / pharmacology

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  • [CommentIn] Nat Med. 2007 Jun;13(6):669-71 [17554330.001]
  • (PMID = 17515895.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-8956
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Calcineurin Inhibitors; 0 / NOTCH1 protein, human; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Receptor, Notch1; 0 / TEL-JAK2 fusion protein, mouse; 83HN0GTJ6D / Cyclosporine; EC 3.1.3.16 / Calcineurin; WM0HAQ4WNM / Tacrolimus
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9. Iversen PO, Sørensen DR, Tronstad KJ, Gudbrandsen OA, Rustan AC, Berge RK, Drevon CA: A bioactively modified fatty acid improves survival and impairs metastasis in preclinical models of acute leukemia. Clin Cancer Res; 2006 Jun 1;12(11 Pt 1):3525-31
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  • [Title] A bioactively modified fatty acid improves survival and impairs metastasis in preclinical models of acute leukemia.
  • PURPOSE: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and the sulfur-substituted fatty acid tetradecylthioacetic acid (TTA) inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in lymphoma and leukemic cell lines, but it is unknown if they can modify leukemogenesis in the intact organism.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We now examined the effects of PUFA and TTA in rats transplanted with either acute promyelocytic leukemia or acute T-cell leukemia.
  • RESULTS: Whereas TTA prolonged survival (P < 0.05) in both types of rat leukemia, n-3 PUFA had no significant effect compared with controls.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Dietary intake of TTA, but not of n-3 PUFA, in rats with acute leukemia, prolonged their survival.
  • TTA intake was also associated with reduced leukemic cell burden as well as diminished extramedullar dissemination.
  • TTA represents a modified fatty acid that exerts unique effects on malignant hematopoietic cells, and the present study indicates that TTA may have a therapeutic potential in patients with acute leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / administration & dosage. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy. Sulfides / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Apoptosis / drug effects. Diet. Disease Models, Animal. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor. Enzyme Activation / drug effects. Humans. Leukemic Infiltration / diagnosis. Matrix Metalloproteinases / drug effects. Neoplasm Metastasis. Rats. Structure-Activity Relationship. Survival Rate. Transplantation, Heterologous. Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays

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  • (PMID = 16740779.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; 0 / Sulfides; 2921-20-2 / 1-(carboxymethylthio)tetradecane; EC 3.4.24.- / Matrix Metalloproteinases
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10. van Anders SM, Hamilton LD, Schmidt N, Watson NV: Associations between testosterone secretion and sexual activity in women. Horm Behav; 2007 Apr;51(4):477-82
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  • On three separate nights, they provided pre-activity, post-activity, and next-morning saliva samples and completed brief questionnaires at the last two timepoints.
  • Women's T was higher pre-intercourse than pre-control activity.
  • Women's T was also higher post-intercourse than post-control activity, though the percent change in T from pre- to post-activity was highest for cuddling, then intercourse, then exercise.

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  • (PMID = 17320881.001).
  • [ISSN] 0018-506X
  • [Journal-full-title] Hormones and behavior
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Horm Behav
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 3XMK78S47O / Testosterone
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11. Roecker AM, Allison JC, Kisor DF: Nelarabine: efficacy in the treatment of clinical malignancies. Future Oncol; 2006 Aug;2(4):441-8
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  • Nelarabine is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia or T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma whose disease has not responded to, or has relapsed after treatment with, at least two chemotherapy regimens.
  • [MeSH-major] Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16922610.001).
  • [ISSN] 1479-6694
  • [Journal-full-title] Future oncology (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Future Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 60158CV180 / nelarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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12. Hager-Theodorides AL, Dessens JT, Outram SV, Crompton T: The transcription factor Gli3 regulates differentiation of fetal CD4- CD8- double-negative thymocytes. Blood; 2005 Aug 15;106(4):1296-304
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  • Analysis of null mutants showed that Gli3 is involved at the transitions from DN1 to CD44+ CD25+ DN (DN2) cell and from DN to CD4+ CD8+ double-positive (DP) cell.
  • Gli3 is required for differentiation from DN to DP thymocyte, after pre-T-cell receptor (TCR) signaling but is not necessary for pre-TCR-induced proliferation or survival.
  • The effect of Gli3 was dose dependent, suggesting its direct involvement in the transcriptional regulation of genes controlling T-cell differentiation during fetal development.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / analysis. Cell Differentiation. DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology. Nerve Tissue Proteins / physiology. T-Lymphocytes / cytology. Thymus Gland / cytology. Transcription Factors / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antigens, CD4. Antigens, CD8. Cell Lineage. Embryo, Mammalian / cytology. Embryo, Mammalian / immunology. Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental. Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors. Mice. Mice, Inbred C57BL. Mice, Mutant Strains


13. DeAngelo DJ: The treatment of adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program; 2005;:123-30
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  • [Title] The treatment of adolescents and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Intensive chemotherapy regimens for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have greatly improved, and the majority of children with precursor B-cell ALL are able to achieve a complete remission (CR), with an induction rate approaching 98% and a 5-year estimated event-free survival rate (EFS) of approximately 80%.
  • In addition, new insights into the molecular pathogenesis of T cell ALL have led to new therapeutic strategies.

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  • (PMID = 16304369.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-4383
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology. American Society of Hematology. Education Program
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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14. Huang YF, Shangguan D, Liu H, Phillips JA, Zhang X, Chen Y, Tan W: Molecular assembly of an aptamer-drug conjugate for targeted drug delivery to tumor cells. Chembiochem; 2009 Mar 23;10(5):862-8
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  • In this study, we covalently link the antitumor agent doxorubicin (Dox) to the DNA aptamer sgc8c, which was selected by the cell-SELEX method.
  • In doing so, we expected that this sgc8c-Dox conjugate would specifically kill the target CCRF-CEM (T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, T-cell ALL) cells, but with minimal toxicity towards nontarget cells.
  • Cell viability tests demonstrate that the sgc8c-Dox conjugates not only possess potency similar to unconjugated Dox, but also have the required molecular specificity that is lacking in most current targeted drug delivery strategies.
  • Furthermore, we found that nonspecific uptake of membrane-permeable Dox to nontarget cell lines could also be inhibited by linking the drug with the aptamer; thus, the conjugates are selective for cells that express higher amounts of target proteins.

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  • (PMID = 19253922.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-7633
  • [Journal-full-title] Chembiochem : a European journal of chemical biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chembiochem
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM079359; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM079359-01; None / None / / R01 GM079359-01; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM079359-02; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM079359-03; None / None / / R01 GM079359-02; None / None / / R01 GM079359-01S1; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / R01 GM079359-01S1
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Aptamers, Nucleotide; 0 / Drug Carriers; 0 / Immunoconjugates; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS149610; NLM/ PMC2992821
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15. Ohnuki K, Watanabe Y, Takahashi Y, Kobayashi S, Watanabe S, Ogawa S, Kotani M, Kozono H, Tanabe K, Abe R: Antigen-specific CD4+ effector T cells: analysis of factors regulating clonal expansion and cytokine production: clonal expansion and cytokine production by CD4+ effector T cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun; 2009 Mar 20;380(4):742-7
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  • In order to fully understand T cell-mediated immunity, the mechanisms that regulate clonal expansion and cytokine production by CD4(+) antigen-specific effector T cells in response to a wide range of antigenic stimulation needs clarification.
  • For this purpose, panels of antigen-specific CD4(+) T cell clones with different thresholds for antigen-induced proliferation were generated by repeated stimulation with high- or low-dose antigen.
  • There was no significant difference in antigen-dependent cytokine production by TG40 cells transfected with TCR obtained from either high- or low-dose-responding T cell clones, suggesting that the affinity of TCRs for their ligands is not primary determinant of T cell antigen reactivity.
  • The proliferative responses of all T cell clones to both peptide stimulation and to TCRbeta crosslinking revealed parallel dose-response curves.
  • Finally, the antigen responses of high- and low-peptide-responding T cell clones reveal that clonal expansion and cytokine production of effector T cells occur independently of antigen concentration.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism. Clone Cells. Flow Cytometry. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Ovalbumin / immunology. Peptide Fragments / immunology. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19338745.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-2104
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemical and biophysical research communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / OVA 323-339; 0 / Peptide Fragments; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell; 9006-59-1 / Ovalbumin
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16. Braun FK, Fecker LF, Schwarz C, Walden P, Assaf C, Dürkop H, Sterry W, Eberle J: Blockade of death receptor-mediated pathways early in the signaling cascade coincides with distinct apoptosis resistance in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cells. J Invest Dermatol; 2007 Oct;127(10):2425-37
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  • [Title] Blockade of death receptor-mediated pathways early in the signaling cascade coincides with distinct apoptosis resistance in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma cells.
  • Control of apoptosis via death ligands plays a basic role for lymphocyte homeostasis and lymphoma development.
  • In this study, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) cell lines revealed pronounced resistance to death ligands as compared to cell lines of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • The proapoptotic activity of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha was blocked, sensitivity to TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand was significantly reduced, and 1/4 CTCL cell lines was resistant to CD95 activation.
  • No indication for a responsibility of typical downstream regulators of apoptosis was obtained, but loss of CD95 was found in 1/4, loss of TNF-R1 in 3/4, loss of caspase-10 in 2/4, loss of Bid in 1/4, and overexpression of cellular flice inhibitory protein was found in 4/4 CTCL cell lines.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / physiology. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous / pathology. Receptors, Death Domain / antagonists & inhibitors. Signal Transduction / physiology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antigens, CD95 / physiology. BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein / physiology. CASP8 and FADD-Like Apoptosis Regulating Protein / physiology. Caspase 10 / physiology. Cell Line, Tumor. Female. Humans. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / pathology. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / physiopathology. Male. Middle Aged. TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand / antagonists & inhibitors. TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand / physiology. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / antagonists & inhibitors. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha / physiology

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  • (PMID = 17495957.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-1747
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of investigative dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Invest. Dermatol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD95; 0 / BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein; 0 / BID protein, human; 0 / CASP8 and FADD-Like Apoptosis Regulating Protein; 0 / Receptors, Death Domain; 0 / TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand; 0 / TNFSF10 protein, human; 0 / Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 10
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17. Dzhagalov I, Dunkle A, He YW: The anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member Mcl-1 promotes T lymphocyte survival at multiple stages. J Immunol; 2008 Jul 1;181(1):521-8
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  • Genetic studies have demonstrated that the Bcl-2 family member Mcl-1 is an important anti-apoptotic protein in the development of multiple cell types including T lymphocytes.
  • In this study, we examined the expression pattern of Mcl-1 in different populations of T cells at the single-cell level and found that Mcl-1 protein is constitutively expressed in all T cell populations and up-regulated upon TCR stimulation.
  • We then investigated the role of Mcl-1 in the survival of these different populations by conditionally deleting Mcl-1 at various T cell stages.

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  • (PMID = 18566418.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1767
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Immunol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI074754; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI054658-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA092123; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA092123-05; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI054658-05; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI54683; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA092123-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA92123; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI054658
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Mcl1 protein, mouse; 0 / Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / bcl-X Protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS66462; NLM/ PMC2561902
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18. Look AT: Investigator profile. An interview with A. Thomas Look, M.D. Interview by Vicki Glaser. Zebrafish; 2005;2(4):231-6
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  • Work in Dr. Look's laboratory focuses on the molecular pathogenesis of leukemia.
  • His group has been credited with the identification and functional analysis of several chimeric oncogenes activated by chromosomal translocations, including the E2A-HLF transcription factor, which was shown to act through an evolutionarily conserved genetic pathway to promote leukemia cell survival.
  • Their efforts in human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia have revealed key multistep mutational pathways that drive the pathogenesis of this disease and demonstrated that NOTCH1 receptors are mutationally activated in a majority of these cases.
  • Look's laboratory developed the first transgenic model of leukemia in the zebrafish, opening the way for chemical and genome-wide genetic modifier screens in a vertebrate disease model.

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  • (PMID = 18248181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1557-8542
  • [Journal-full-title] Zebrafish
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zebrafish
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Interview
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Verbeek WH, Van De Water JM, Al-Toma A, Oudejans JJ, Mulder CJ, Coupé VM: Incidence of enteropathy--associated T-cell lymphoma: a nation-wide study of a population-based registry in The Netherlands. Scand J Gastroenterol; 2008;43(11):1322-8
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  • [Title] Incidence of enteropathy--associated T-cell lymphoma: a nation-wide study of a population-based registry in The Netherlands.
  • OBJECTIVE: Enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphomas (EATLs) are T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas of the small bowel, which are specifically associated with coeliac disease (CD).
  • We included all T-cell lymphomas detected between January 2000 and December 2006 that initially presented in the small bowel.
  • Finally, the distribution of characteristics such as the localization, the Marsh classification and method of diagnosis are described.
  • Most EATLs were localized in the proximal small intestine and the diagnosis was made by surgical resection in the majority of cases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: EATL is a rare disease with an incidence of 0.10 per 100,000 inhabitants per year, occurring in older age, with a peak incidence in the 7th decade.
  • [MeSH-major] Celiac Disease / epidemiology. Lymphoma, T-Cell / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18618372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1502-7708
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Norway
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20. Yu Q, Sharma A, Sen JM: TCF1 and beta-catenin regulate T cell development and function. Immunol Res; 2010 Jul;47(1-3):45-55
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  • [Title] TCF1 and beta-catenin regulate T cell development and function.
  • T cell factor-1 (TCF1) critically regulates T cell development.
  • We have genetically manipulated the beta-catenin gene and generated mutant mice that have shown an essential role for beta-catenin and TCF1 during pre-T cell receptor (TCR) and TCR-dependent stages of T cell development.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Differentiation. Gene Expression Regulation. T Cell Transcription Factor 1 / metabolism. T-Lymphocytes / cytology. T-Lymphocytes / immunology. beta Catenin / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. Humans. Mice. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / genetics. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / metabolism. Signal Transduction

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  • (PMID = 20082155.001).
  • [ISSN] 1559-0755
  • [Journal-full-title] Immunologic research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Immunol. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / / Z01 AG000768-04
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell; 0 / T Cell Transcription Factor 1; 0 / beta Catenin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS172600; NLM/ PMC2891409
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21. Hwang C, Jang S, Choi DK, Kim S, Lee JH, Lee Y, Kim CD, Lee JH: The role of nkx2.5 in keratinocyte differentiation. Ann Dermatol; 2009 Nov;21(4):376-81
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  • BACKGROUND: Nkx2.5 is a homeodomain-containing nuclear transcription protein that has been associated with acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • In addition, the expression of Nkx2.5 was significantly increased in psoriasis and squamous cell carcinoma, but was barely detected in atopic dermatitis and basal cell carcinoma.
  • CONCLUSION: These results suggest that Nkx2.5 may play a role in the change from proliferation to differentiation of keratinocytes and in the pathogenesis of skin disease with aberrant keratinocyte differentiation.

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  • (PMID = 20523827.001).
  • [ISSN] 2005-3894
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2861273
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Keratinocyte differentiation / Nkx2.5 / Transcription factor
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22. Chen W, Wang E, Lu Y, Gaal KK, Huang Q: Therapy-related acute lymphoblastic leukemia without 11q23 abnormality: report of six cases and a literature review. Am J Clin Pathol; 2010 Jan;133(1):75-82
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  • [Title] Therapy-related acute lymphoblastic leukemia without 11q23 abnormality: report of six cases and a literature review.
  • Therapy-related acute lymphoblastic leukemia (t-ALL) is a rare secondary leukemia following chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy for primary malignancies.
  • Chromosomal 11q23 abnormality, frequently detected in therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia, is the most common cytogenetic alteration in t-ALL.
  • However, t-ALL cases without 11q23 abnormality have been rarely described.
  • In the 48 cases, an 11q23 abnormality involving the MLL gene locus was the predominant chromosomal aberration (32 [67%]), followed by t(9;22) (6 [13%]) and a normal karyotype (4 [8%]).
  • Compared with t-ALL cases with an 11q23 abnormality, cases without an 11q23 abnormality had a relatively longer latency period (median, 36 vs 19 months) and a different primary malignancy spectrum.
  • The t(8;14)(q11.2;q32), a rare, nonrandom, balanced chromosomal translocation differing from the more common translocation involving c-MYC on chromosome 8q24, was seen in 1 adult t-ALL case, which may suggest another possible pathogenesis of this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Combined Modality Therapy / adverse effects. Neoplasms / therapy. Neoplasms, Second Primary / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20023261.001).
  • [ISSN] 1943-7722
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 42
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23. Brewer JL, Ericson SG: An improved methodology to detect human T cell receptor beta variable family gene expression patterns. J Immunol Methods; 2005 Jul;302(1-2):54-67
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  • [Title] An improved methodology to detect human T cell receptor beta variable family gene expression patterns.
  • Comprehensive gene expression analysis of the T cell receptor repertoire of an individual can be very useful in evaluating the immune response in a variety of conditions.
  • Antibody-based analysis methods can detect approximately 60% of the human T cell receptor beta variable (TCRBV) proteins, while gene expression analysis, primarily through employment of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), has had somewhat greater success in the detection of additional TCRBV families.
  • We describe here a real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction-based method, which allows efficient automation and integration of amplification, detection, and analysis with sequence-specific detection of all T cell receptor beta variable gene families, subfamilies, and alleles.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Multigene Family. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / biosynthesis. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] DNA Primers. Fluorometry / methods. Genetic Variation. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism. Humans. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. RNA, Messenger / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 16038929.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1759
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of immunological methods
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Immunol. Methods
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / 5 P20 RR16440-02
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta
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24. Geurts JJ, Blezer EL, Vrenken H, van der Toorn A, Castelijns JA, Polman CH, Pouwels PJ, Bö L, Barkhof F: Does high-field MR imaging improve cortical lesion detection in multiple sclerosis? J Neurol; 2008 Feb;255(2):183-91
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  • [Title] Does high-field MR imaging improve cortical lesion detection in multiple sclerosis?
  • OBJECTIVE: Cortical lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS) are notoriously difficult to visualize with standard MR imaging (MRI) techniques.
  • However, the use of higher field-strengths with intrinsically higher signal-to-noise, which can partly be used to increase spatial resolution, may improve cortical lesion detection.
  • Therefore, in this post mortem study, the sensitivity of high field-strength MRI (4.7 T) for cortical lesions was investigated, and compared to that of standard field-strength (1.5 T).
  • Proteolipid protein (PLP)-stained tissue sections (10 microm) of the same brain slices were matched to the corresponding MR images, and cortical lesions were scored on all three MR sequences (blinded to histology) and in tissue sections (blinded to MRI).
  • Sensitivity of the sequences for four cortical lesion types was calculated.
  • RESULTS: Sensitivity for purely intracortical lesions (histological lesion types II, III, and IV; n = 128) was below 10 % for both 1.5 T and 4.7 T MRI, while mixed gray matter-white matter (type I) lesions (n = 5) were detected in four out of five cases.
  • CONCLUSIONS: MRI sensitivity for post mortem detection of cortical lesions is low, even when a higher field-strength was used.
  • It varies, however, for different subtypes of cortical lesions.

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  • (PMID = 18231704.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-5354
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fixatives; 1HG84L3525 / Formaldehyde
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25. Tosello V, Mansour MR, Barnes K, Paganin M, Sulis ML, Jenkinson S, Allen CG, Gale RE, Linch DC, Palomero T, Real P, Murty V, Yao X, Richards SM, Goldstone A, Rowe J, Basso G, Wiernik PH, Paietta E, Pieters R, Horstmann M, Meijerink JP, Ferrando AA: WT1 mutations in T-ALL. Blood; 2009 Jul 30;114(5):1038-45
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  • The molecular mechanisms involved in disease progression and relapse in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) are poorly understood.
  • This analysis showed that diagnosis and relapsed cases have common genetic alterations, but also that relapsed samples frequently lose chromosomal markers present at diagnosis, suggesting that relapsed T-ALL emerges from an ancestral clone different from the major leukemic population at diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Genes, Wilms Tumor. Mutation. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Child. Chromosome Aberrations. Clone Cells / chemistry. DNA Methylation. DNA Mutational Analysis. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Disease Progression. Genes, Homeobox. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Neoplasm Proteins / chemistry. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Oncogenes. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide. Prognosis. Recurrence. WT1 Proteins / chemistry. WT1 Proteins / genetics. Zinc Fingers / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19494353.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GEO/ GSE15931
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA114737; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / MC/ U137686856; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA129382; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / ; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA02111; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0500389; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA120196; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA129382; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA120196; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA114737; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA120196-03
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / WT1 Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2721784
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26. Romana SP, Radford-Weiss I, Ben Abdelali R, Schluth C, Petit A, Dastugue N, Talmant P, Bilhou-Nabera C, Mugneret F, Lafage-Pochitaloff M, Mozziconacci MJ, Andrieu J, Lai JL, Terre C, Rack K, Cornillet-Lefebvre P, Luquet I, Nadal N, Nguyen-Khac F, Perot C, Van den Akker J, Fert-Ferrer S, Cabrol C, Charrin C, Tigaud I, Poirel H, Vekemans M, Bernard OA, Berger R, Groupe Francophone de Cytogénétique Hématologique: NUP98 rearrangements in hematopoietic malignancies: a study of the Groupe Francophone de Cytogénétique Hématologique. Leukemia; 2006 Apr;20(4):696-706
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  • [Title] NUP98 rearrangements in hematopoietic malignancies: a study of the Groupe Francophone de Cytogénétique Hématologique.
  • In order to gain additional clinico-hematological data and to identify new partners of NUP98, the Groupe Francophone de Cytogénétique Hématologique (GFCH) collected cases of hematological malignancies where a 11p15 rearrangement was detected.
  • Genes of the HOXA cluster and the nuclear-receptor set domain (NSD) genes were frequently fused to NUP98, mainly in de novo myeloid malignancies whereas the DDX10 and TOP1 genes were equally rearranged in de novo and in therapy-related myeloid proliferations.
  • Involvement of ADD3 and C6ORF80 genes were detected, respectively, in myeloid disorders and in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), whereas the RAP1GDS1 gene was fused to NUP98 in T-ALL.

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  • (PMID = 16467868.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins; 0 / Nup98 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear; 157907-48-7 / HoxA protein
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27. Hagemeijer A, Graux C: ABL1 rearrangements in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2010 Apr;49(4):299-308
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  • [Title] ABL1 rearrangements in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is the result of multiple oncogenic insults of thymocytes.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Rearrangement. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20073070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2264
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; EC 2.7.10.2 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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28. Cai Y, Xu Z, Xie J, Ham AJ, Koury MJ, Hiebert SW, Brandt SJ: Eto2/MTG16 and MTGR1 are heteromeric corepressors of the TAL1/SCL transcription factor in murine erythroid progenitors. Biochem Biophys Res Commun; 2009 Dec 11;390(2):295-301
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  • The TAL1 (or SCL) gene, originally discovered through its involvement by a chromosomal translocation in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, encodes a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factor essential for hematopoietic and vascular development.

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  • (PMID = 19799863.001).
  • [ISSN] 1090-2104
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemical and biophysical research communications
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL049118; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL049118-15; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL49118; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL049118-15; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5P30CA068485; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA068485
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / CBFA2T2 myeloid-transforming gene-related protein; 0 / Cbfa2t3 protein, mouse; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / Tal1 protein, mouse; 0 / Transcription Factors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS151956; NLM/ PMC2774815
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29. Chiarini F, Grimaldi C, Ricci F, Tazzari PL, Evangelisti C, Ognibene A, Battistelli M, Falcieri E, Melchionda F, Pession A, Pagliaro P, McCubrey JA, Martelli AM: Activity of the novel dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 against T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Res; 2010 Oct 15;70(20):8097-107
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  • [Title] Activity of the novel dual phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 against T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Recent findings have highlighted that constitutively active phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling is a common feature of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), where it upregulates cell proliferation, survival, and drug resistance.
  • Here, we have analyzed the therapeutic potential of the novel dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235, an orally bioavailable imidazoquinoline derivative, which has entered clinical trials for solid tumors, on both T-ALL cell lines and patient samples.
  • NVP-BEZ235 was cytotoxic to a panel of T-ALL cell lines as determined by MTT assays.
  • NVP-BEZ235 treatment resulted in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.
  • Remarkably, NVP-BEZ235 targeted the side population of both T-ALL cell lines and patient lymphoblasts, which might correspond to leukemia-initiating cells, and synergized with chemotherapeutic agents (cyclophosphamide, cytarabine, dexamethasone) currently used for treating T-ALL patients.
  • Taken together, our findings indicate that longitudinal inhibition at two nodes of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR network with NVP-BEZ235, either alone or in combination with chemotherapeutic drugs, may be an efficient treatment of those T-ALLs that have aberrant upregulation of this signaling pathway for their proliferation and survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Imidazoles / therapeutic use. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Quinolines / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Apoptosis / drug effects. Autophagy / drug effects. Cell Cycle / drug effects. Cell Division / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Survival / drug effects. Coculture Techniques. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Jurkat Cells / drug effects. Mice. Stromal Cells / drug effects


30. Reckard JM, Chung MH, Varma MK, Zagorski SM: Management of intraabdominal hypertension by percutaneous catheter drainage. J Vasc Interv Radiol; 2005 Jul;16(7):1019-21
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  • The authors report a case of an 18-year-old man with T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia who developed hemorrhagic pancreatitis after chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Hemorrhage / complications. Humans. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / complications. Male. Pancreatitis / complications. Ultrasonics. Ultrasonography

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  • (PMID = 16002511.001).
  • [ISSN] 1051-0443
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of vascular and interventional radiology : JVIR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Vasc Interv Radiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Chang PY, Draheim K, Kelliher MA, Miyamoto S: NFKB1 is a direct target of the TAL1 oncoprotein in human T leukemia cells. Cancer Res; 2006 Jun 15;66(12):6008-13
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  • [Title] NFKB1 is a direct target of the TAL1 oncoprotein in human T leukemia cells.
  • We recently showed that a subset of human T acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cell lines expresses low basal levels of p50, a nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)/Rel family member, resulting in their capacity to activate the atypical p65:cRel complex rather than the classic p50:p65 dimer.
  • When TAL1 expression is reduced in CEM T leukemia cells, basal NFKB1 expression is increased, and the levels of p65:cRel complex and transcription of its target gene, such as intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), are reduced in response to etoposide treatment.
  • Moreover, a significant negative correlation between NFKB1 and TAL1 or LMO1 was found in primary human TAL1/LMO1 double-positive T-ALL samples previously described by Ferrando et al. Thus, TAL1 modulates NFKB1 expression and an NF-kappaB-dependent transcriptional program in a subset of human T-cell leukemia cells.

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  • (PMID = 16778171.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096899; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA077474; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA081065
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / NF-kappa B p50 Subunit; 0 / NFKB1 protein, human; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Transcription Factor RelA; 135471-20-4 / TAL1 protein, human; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide
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32. De Keersmaecker K, Rocnik JL, Bernad R, Lee BH, Leeman D, Gielen O, Verachtert H, Folens C, Munck S, Marynen P, Fornerod M, Gilliland DG, Cools J: Kinase activation and transformation by NUP214-ABL1 is dependent on the context of the nuclear pore. Mol Cell; 2008 Jul 11;31(1):134-42
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  • We show that NUP214-ABL1 displays attenuated transforming capacity as compared to BCR-ABL1 and that NUP214-ABL1 preferentially transforms T cells, which is in agreement with its unique occurrence in T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / metabolism. Nuclear Pore / enzymology. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / metabolism. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Line. Enzyme Activation. Humans. Mice. Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18614052.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-4164
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular cell
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA8484
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / NUP214-ABL1 fusion protein, human; 0 / Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
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33. Taki T, Taniwaki M: Chromosomal translocations in cancer and their relevance for therapy. Curr Opin Oncol; 2006 Jan;18(1):62-8
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  • Observation of high frequencies of mutations in NOTCH1, NPM and JAK2 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia with normal karyotype and myeloproliferative disorders (polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia and idiopathic myelofibrosis) have provided important suggestions for a better understanding of chromosomal translocations.

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  • (PMID = 16357566.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8746
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • [Number-of-references] 46
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34. Beesley AH, Firth MJ, Ford J, Weller RE, Freitas JR, Perera KU, Kees UR: Glucocorticoid resistance in T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is associated with a proliferative metabolism. Br J Cancer; 2009 Jun 16;100(12):1926-36
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  • [Title] Glucocorticoid resistance in T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukaemia is associated with a proliferative metabolism.
  • Glucocorticoids (GCs) are among the most important drugs for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), yet despite their clinical importance, the exact mechanisms involved in GC cytotoxicity and the development of resistance remain uncertain.
  • We examined the baseline profile of a panel of T-ALL cell lines to determine factors that contribute to GC resistance without prior drug selection.
  • The data also provide the first evidence that altered expression of wild-type MLL may contribute to GC-resistant phenotypes.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Dexamethasone / pharmacology. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Methylprednisolone / pharmacology. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. Signal Transduction / drug effects


35. Shimizu D, Taki T, Utsunomiya A, Nakagawa H, Nomura K, Matsumoto Y, Nishida K, Horiike S, Taniwaki M: Detection of NOTCH1 mutations in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Int J Hematol; 2007 Apr;85(3):212-8
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  • [Title] Detection of NOTCH1 mutations in adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma and peripheral T-cell lymphoma.
  • We analyzed NOTCH1 gene mutation in 53 adults with mature T-cell leukemia/lymphoma: 21 patients with adult T-cell leukemia (ATL), 25 with T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (T-NHL), and 7 with T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia.
  • We detected a nonsense mutation, C7249T (resulting in Q2417X, where X is a termination codon) in the PEST domain of NOTCH1 in an ATL patient and detected a 3-bp deletion (positions 7234-7236) that resulted in deletion of a proline codon at codon 2412 in the PEST domain of NOTCH1 in a patient with a T-NHL, peripheral T-cell lymphoma-unspecified (PTCL-u).
  • These findings suggest that nonsense mutation in the PEST domain in the ATL case was associated with NOTCH1 signaling through a pathway different from that for T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • Although NOTCH1 mutation occurs infrequently in mature T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, NOTCH1 may be involved in leukemogenesis associated with various forms of T-cell leukemia/lymphoma rather than only with T-ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Codon, Nonsense. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics. Lymphoma, T-Cell, Peripheral / genetics. Receptor, Notch1 / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17483057.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Codon, Nonsense; 0 / NOTCH1 protein, human; 0 / Receptor, Notch1
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36. Dohda T, Maljukova A, Liu L, Heyman M, Grandér D, Brodin D, Sangfelt O, Lendahl U: Notch signaling induces SKP2 expression and promotes reduction of p27Kip1 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines. Exp Cell Res; 2007 Aug 15;313(14):3141-52
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  • [Title] Notch signaling induces SKP2 expression and promotes reduction of p27Kip1 in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines.
  • In T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) NOTCH 1 receptors are frequently mutated.
  • This leads to aberrantly high Notch signaling, but how this translates into deregulated cell cycle control and the transformed cell type is poorly understood.
  • Notch activity, measured immediately downstream of the NOTCH 1 receptor, is high, but expression of the canonical downstream Notch response genes HES 1 and HEY 2 is low both in primary cells from T-ALL patients and in T-ALL cell lines.
  • We show that in T-ALL cell lines, recruitment of NOTCH 1 intracellular domain (ICD) to the SKP2 promoter was accompanied by high SKP2 and low p27Kip1 protein levels.
  • T-ALL cells show a rapid G1-S cell cycle transition, while blocked Notch signaling resulted in G0/G1 cell cycle arrest, also observed by transfection of p27Kip1 or, to a smaller extent, a dominant negative SKP2 allele.
  • Collectively, our data suggest that the aberrantly high Notch signaling in T-ALL maintains SKP2 at a high level and reduces p27Kip1, leading to more rapid cell cycle progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Receptor, Notch1 / metabolism. S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins / metabolism. Signal Transduction / physiology. T-Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / genetics. Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / metabolism. Cell Cycle / physiology. Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics. Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism. Cell Line, Tumor. Child. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27. Gene Expression Profiling. Humans. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Promoter Regions, Genetic. Repressor Proteins / genetics. Repressor Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17560996.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-4827
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental cell research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Cell Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / CDKN1B protein, human; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / HEY1 protein, human; 0 / HEY2 protein, human; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / NOTCH1 protein, human; 0 / Receptor, Notch1; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / S-Phase Kinase-Associated Proteins; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27
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37. Rainis L, Toki T, Pimanda JE, Rosenthal E, Machol K, Strehl S, Göttgens B, Ito E, Izraeli S: The proto-oncogene ERG in megakaryoblastic leukemias. Cancer Res; 2005 Sep 1;65(17):7596-602
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  • [Title] The proto-oncogene ERG in megakaryoblastic leukemias.
  • Acquired additions of chromosome 21 are a common finding in leukemias, suggesting a contributory role to leukemogenesis.
  • About 10% of patients with a germ line trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) are born with transient megakaryoblastic leukemia.
  • We show that ERG is expressed in hematopoietic stem cells, megakaryoblastic cell lines, and in primary leukemic cells from Down syndrome patients.
  • ERG expression is induced upon megakaryocytic differentiation of the erythroleukemia cell lines K562 and UT-7, and forced expression of ERG in K562 cells induces erythroid to megakaryoblastic phenotypic switch.
  • Furthermore, both ERG and ETS2 bind in vivo the hematopoietic enhancer of SCL/TAL1, a key regulator of hematopoietic stem cell and megakaryocytic development.
  • We propose that trisomy 21 facilitates the occurrence of megakaryoblastic leukemias through a shift toward the megakaryoblastic lineage caused by the excess expression of ERG, and possibly by other chromosome 21 genes, such as RUNX1 and ETS2, in hematopoietic progenitor cells, coupled with a differentiation arrest caused by the acquisition of mutations in GATA1.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute / genetics. Oncogene Proteins / genetics. Trans-Activators / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Base Sequence. Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors. Cell Lineage. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 / genetics. Erythroid-Specific DNA-Binding Factors. GATA1 Transcription Factor. HeLa Cells. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism. Humans. K562 Cells. Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute / pathology. Molecular Sequence Data. Promoter Regions, Genetic. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism. Transcription Factors / genetics. Transcription Factors / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16140924.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / ERG protein, human; 0 / Erythroid-Specific DNA-Binding Factors; 0 / GATA1 Transcription Factor; 0 / GATA1 protein, human; 0 / Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 135471-20-4 / TAL1 protein, human
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38. Spokoini R, Kfir-Erenfeld S, Yefenof E, Sionov RV: Glycogen synthase kinase-3 plays a central role in mediating glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis. Mol Endocrinol; 2010 Jun;24(6):1136-50
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  • It is still unclear how glucocorticoids (GCs) induce apoptosis of thymocytes and T lymphoma cells.
  • Emergence of GC-resistant lymphoma cells is a major obstacle in GC therapy, emphasizing the need for novel strategies that maintain the sensitivity of lymphoma cells to the proapoptotic effects of GC.
  • Chemical inhibition of GSK3 by SB216763, BIO-Acetoxime, or LiCl and GSK3 inhibition using a dominant-negative mutant of GSK3 impede this cell death process, indicating that GSK3 is involved in transmitting the apoptotic signal.
  • GC resistance in lymphoma cells can be relieved by inhibiting the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase-Akt survival pathway, which inactivates GSK3.
  • Notch1, a transcription factor frequently activated in T acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells, confers GC resistance through activation of Akt.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / metabolism. Bcl-2-Like Protein 11. Cell Line. Dexamethasone / pharmacology. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / drug effects. Enzyme Activation / drug effects. Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta. Humans. Ligands. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Mice. Models, Biological. Protein Binding / drug effects. Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt / metabolism. Receptors, Glucocorticoid / metabolism. Receptors, Notch / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20371704.001).
  • [ISSN] 1944-9917
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular endocrinology (Baltimore, Md.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Endocrinol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / BCL2L11 protein, human; 0 / Bcl-2-Like Protein 11; 0 / Bcl2l11 protein, mouse; 0 / Glucocorticoids; 0 / Ligands; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Glucocorticoid; 0 / Receptors, Notch; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; EC 2.7.11.1 / GSK3B protein, human; EC 2.7.11.1 / Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta; EC 2.7.11.1 / Gsk3b protein, mouse; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt; EC 2.7.11.26 / Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3; EC 2.7.11.26 / glycogen synthase kinase 3 alpha
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39. Nowak AK, Lake RA, Robinson BW: Combined chemoimmunotherapy of solid tumours: improving vaccines? Adv Drug Deliv Rev; 2006 Oct 1;58(8):975-90
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  • It is now clear that the way a chemotherapeutic drug kills a tumour cell determines how that dying cell interacts with the immune system and whether the interaction leads to an immune response.
  • Furthermore, lymphodepletion triggers homeostatic T cell reconstitution, creating new populations of pre-T cells that need education in the thymic environment.

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  • (PMID = 17005292.001).
  • [ISSN] 0169-409X
  • [Journal-full-title] Advanced drug delivery reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Adv. Drug Deliv. Rev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Cancer Vaccines
  • [Number-of-references] 105
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40. Dourado M, Sarmento AB, Pereira SV, Alves V, Silva T, Pinto AM, Rosa MS: CD26/DPPIV expression and 8-azaguanine response in T-acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cell lines in culture. Pathophysiology; 2007 May;14(1):3-10
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  • [Title] CD26/DPPIV expression and 8-azaguanine response in T-acute lymphoblastic leukaemia cell lines in culture.
  • Dipeptidyl peptidase IV, a cell membrane surface protease also known as CD26 (CD26/DPPIV), is known to play multiple functions in human organism, where it is largely expressed, for instance, in the development of human cancer and metastasis as well as in chemotherapy response.
  • The objective of this work was to study the CD26 membrane expression and DPPIV activity in T-acute leukaemia cell lines (CEM and MOLT3) in culture, in order to observe the modification of its expression under the 8-azaguanine treatment.
  • Cell line samples were incubated, some without different azaguanine concentration and others with, ranging from 10 to 100muM.
  • Cell surface CD26 expression has been identified by flow cytometry and DPPIV activity, in cultured medium, was fluorimetrically measured.
  • Results we have observed showed that 8-azaguanine induced a decrease in cell viability in a dose, time and cell type dependent manner with MOLT3 cells being the most sensitive to 8-azaguanine citotoxic effects (24h IC50: +/-10muM) when compared with CEM cells (24h IC50: +/-100muM).
  • In the same experimental conditions, MOLT3 cell treated with 8-azaguanine shows an increase in CD26 expression (MIF) compared with that of CEM cell submitted to the same conditions (65.4+/-1.3 versus 18.7+/-1.7).

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  • (PMID = 17055708.001).
  • [ISSN] 0928-4680
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathophysiology : the official journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathophysiology
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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41. Santamaría-Quesada C, Vargas M, Venegas P, Calvo M, Obando C, Valverde B, Cartín W, Carrillo JM, Jimenez R, González M: Molecular and epidemiologic findings of childhood acute leukemia in Costa Rica. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2009 Feb;31(2):131-5
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  • [Title] Molecular and epidemiologic findings of childhood acute leukemia in Costa Rica.
  • In Central America, nearly 70% of pediatric cancer is related to hemato-oncologic disorders, especially acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Preliminary studies have described a high incidence of childhood leukemia in these countries; however, no molecular analyses of these malignancies have yet been carried out.
  • We studied diagnostic samples from 84 patients from the National Children's Hospital in San Jose, Costa Rica (65 precursor B-ALL, 5 T-cell ALL, and 14 acute myeloblastic leukemia).
  • The observed rate of leukemia was 52.2 cases per million children per year.
  • Twelve out of 65 (18.4%) precursor B-ALL tested positive for TEL-AML1 and 3 cases for BCR-ABL (4.6%).
  • None of the T-cell ALL cases were positive for either SIL-TAL1 or HOX11L2.
  • Within 14 acute myeloblastic leukemia patients, we confirmed 2 cases with FLT3-internal tandem duplication+, 1 patient with AML1-ETO, and only 1 case carrying a PML-RARalpha rearrangement.
  • The present study confirms the relatively high incidence of pediatric leukemia in Costa Rica and constitutes the first report regarding the incidence of the main molecular alterations of childhood leukemia in our region.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / epidemiology. Leukemia / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Child. Costa Rica / epidemiology. Cytogenetic Analysis. Gene Rearrangement. Humans. Mutation. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / analysis

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  • (PMID = 19194200.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
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42. Malcovati L: Novel homeobox gene recombination in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Haematologica; 2006 Mar;91(3):290A
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  • [Title] Novel homeobox gene recombination in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Genes, Homeobox / genetics. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics. Recombination, Genetic / genetics

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  • [CommentOn] Haematologica. 2006 Mar;91(3):317-21 [16531254.001]
  • (PMID = 16531247.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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43. Borriello A, Locasciulli A, Bianco AM, Criscuolo M, Conti V, Grammatico P, Cappellacci S, Zatterale A, Morgese F, Cucciolla V, Delia D, Della Ragione F, Savoia A: A novel Leu153Ser mutation of the Fanconi anemia FANCD2 gene is associated with severe chemotherapy toxicity in a pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Leukemia; 2007 Jan;21(1):72-8
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  • [Title] A novel Leu153Ser mutation of the Fanconi anemia FANCD2 gene is associated with severe chemotherapy toxicity in a pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Fanconi anemia (FA) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by pancitopenia, congenital malformations, predisposition to cancers and chromosomal instability.
  • We report the clinical and molecular features of a patient initially identified as a potential FA case only because of chemotherapy toxicity during the treatment of a T-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group D2 Protein / genetics. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics. Mutation
  • [MeSH-minor] Amino Acid Substitution. Antigens, CD. Antigens, CD13. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic. Child. Chromosomal Instability. Disease Progression. Fanconi Anemia / genetics. Humans. Infection / etiology. Infection / genetics. Male. Pancytopenia / chemically induced. Pancytopenia / genetics. Remission Induction. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3

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  • (PMID = 17096012.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] Italy / Telethon / / TGM06S01
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / FANCD2 protein, human; 0 / Fanconi Anemia Complementation Group D2 Protein; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; EC 3.4.11.2 / Antigens, CD13
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44. Nishimura S, Takahashi S, Kamikatahira H, Kuroki Y, Jaalouk DE, O'Brien S, Koivunen E, Arap W, Pasqualini R, Nakayama H, Kuniyasu A: Combinatorial targeting of the macropinocytotic pathway in leukemia and lymphoma cells. J Biol Chem; 2008 Apr 25;283(17):11752-62
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  • [Title] Combinatorial targeting of the macropinocytotic pathway in leukemia and lymphoma cells.
  • Ligand-directed delivery of agents to leukemia and lymphoma cells has the potential to yield new mechanistic disease insights and targeted therapies.
  • From the screening of acute T-lymphoblastic leukemia Molt-4 cells with a random phage-display peptide library, we isolated a phage displaying the sequence CAYHRLRRC.
  • This peptide contains a lymph node-homing motif (Cys-Ala-Tyr) and a cell-penetrating motif (Arg-Leu-Arg-Arg).
  • Binding of this ligand-directed phage to a large panel of leukemia/lymphoma cells and to patient-derived samples was much higher than to non-leukemia control cells.
  • Flow cytometry with fluorescein-labeled peptide and endocytosis blocking with specific inhibitors revealed that CAYHRLRRC is indeed taken up through macropinocytosis in Molt-4 and K562 human leukemia cells.
  • Unexpectedly, the cell surface receptor for the CAYHRLRRC peptide is not a heparan sulfate proteoglycan as it would be predicted for other cell-penetrating peptides.
  • Confirming this interpretation, a CAYHRLRRC-directed peptidomimetic-induced cell death in all the leukemia and lymphoma cells was evaluated, whereas a control transactivator of transcription protein (tat)-directed proapoptotic peptidomimetic was non-selective.
  • In summary, the targeting peptide CAYHRLRRC is selectively internalized through macropinocytosis in leukemia and lymphoma cells and has potential as a drug lead for ligand-directed anti-leukemia therapies.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Leukemia / metabolism. Lymphoma / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Catalysis. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Survival. Chemistry, Pharmaceutical / methods. Drug Design. Humans. K562 Cells. Ligands. Peptide Library. Peptides / chemistry. Pinocytosis

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  • (PMID = 18292083.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-9258
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of biological chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Biol. Chem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Ligands; 0 / Peptide Library; 0 / Peptides
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3762554
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45. Xue SL, Wu DP, Sun AN, Tang XW: CAG regimen enables relapsed or refractory T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia patients to achieve complete remission: a report of six cases. Am J Hematol; 2008 Feb;83(2):167-70
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  • [Title] CAG regimen enables relapsed or refractory T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia patients to achieve complete remission: a report of six cases.
  • Patients with either relapsed or refractory T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL) are candidates for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).
  • The CAG regimen (cytosine arabinoside 10 mg/m(2) subcutaneously every 12 hr, day 1-14; aclarubicin 5-7 mg/m(2) intravenously daily, day 1-8; and concurrent use of G-CSF 200 microg/m(2)/day subcutaneously) was devised originally for the treatment of relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17874449.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 74KXF8I502 / Aclarubicin; CAG protocol
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46. Cox CV, Martin HM, Kearns PR, Virgo P, Evely RS, Blair A: Characterization of a progenitor cell population in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2007 Jan 15;109(2):674-82
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  • [Title] Characterization of a progenitor cell population in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • A significant proportion of children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) continue to fail therapy.
  • Consequently, characterization of the cells that proliferate to maintain the disease should provide valuable information on the most relevant therapeutic targets.
  • The majority of cells capable of long-term proliferation in vitro were derived from the CD34+/CD4- and CD34+/CD7- subfractions.
  • The immunophenotype and genotype of the original leukemia cells were preserved with serial passage in the NOD/SCID mice.
  • These data demonstrate the long-term repopulating ability of the CD34+/CD4- and CD34+/CD7- subfractions in T-ALL and suggest that a cell with a more primitive phenotype was the target for leukemic transformation in these cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Stem Cells / immunology. Stem Cells / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Animals. Cell Culture Techniques. Cell Proliferation. Cell Separation. Cells, Cultured. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Gene Rearrangement, gamma-Chain T-Cell Antigen Receptor / genetics. Genotype. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Infant. Male. Mice. Mice, Inbred NOD. Mice, SCID. Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays


47. Te Boekhorst PA, Lamers CH, Schipperus MR, Hintzen RQ, van der Holt B, Cornelissen JJ, Löwenberg B, Gratama JW: T-lymphocyte reconstitution following rigorously T-cell-depleted versus unmodified autologous stem cell transplants. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2006 Apr;37(8):763-72
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  • [Title] T-lymphocyte reconstitution following rigorously T-cell-depleted versus unmodified autologous stem cell transplants.
  • We compared the kinetics of T-cell recovery after extensive ex vivo and in vivo T-cell depleted autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) for multiple sclerosis (MS; n=8) with unmodified SCT for hematological malignancies (HM; n=39).
  • Unexpectedly, the kinetics of T-cell recovery between 3 and 12 months post transplant was similar in T-depleted and unmodified SCT.
  • Before SCT, the HM patients showed lymphopenia of all T-cell subsets, upregulated HLA-DR and CD95 expression and increased cytokine responses.
  • We suggest that the similar kinetics of T-cell recovery in the two patient groups may be explained by the susceptibility to apoptosis of the activated CD4(+) T-cells in the autografts of the HM patients.
  • This susceptibility to apoptosis would interfere with a swift and sustained CD4(+) T-cell regeneration post SCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Multiple Sclerosis / blood. Multiple Sclerosis / therapy. Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. T-Lymphocytes / metabolism. Transplantation, Autologous / methods

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  • (PMID = 16518423.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD27; 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Antigens, CD4; 0 / Antigens, CD95; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Interleukin-2; 126880-86-2 / L-Selectin; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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48. Ratei R, Karawajew L, Lacombe F, Jagoda K, Del Poeta G, Kraan J, De Santiago M, Kappelmayer J, Björklund E, Ludwig WD, Gratama J, Orfao A, European Working Group of Clinical Cell Analysis (EWGCCA): Normal lymphocytes from leukemic samples as an internal quality control for fluorescence intensity in immunophenotyping of acute leukemias. Cytometry B Clin Cytom; 2006 Jan;70(1):1-9
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  • [Title] Normal lymphocytes from leukemic samples as an internal quality control for fluorescence intensity in immunophenotyping of acute leukemias.
  • BACKGROUND: Multiparametric flow cytometry has become an indispensable but complex tool for the diagnosis of acute leukemias.
  • METHODS: Eight laboratories participated in the study and recruited a total of 151 individuals including 29 patients with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL), 77 with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 10 with T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), and 35 normal bone marrow donors.
  • CONCLUSION: Residual normal lymphocytes can serve as internal quality control for studies addressing fluorescence intensity in the setting of immunophenotyping of acute leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] Flow Cytometry / methods. Immunophenotyping / methods. Leukemia. Lymphocytes / cytology. Lymphocytes / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Case-Control Studies. Fluorescence. Humans. Quality Control. Reference Standards

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16278833.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-4949
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytometry. Part B, Clinical cytometry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytometry B Clin Cytom
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Mustjoki S, Ekblom M, Arstila TP, Dybedal I, Epling-Burnette PK, Guilhot F, Hjorth-Hansen H, Höglund M, Kovanen P, Laurinolli T, Liesveld J, Paquette R, Pinilla-Ibarz J, Rauhala A, Shah N, Simonsson B, Sinisalo M, Steegmann JL, Stenke L, Porkka K: Clonal expansion of T/NK-cells during tyrosine kinase inhibitor dasatinib therapy. Leukemia; 2009 Aug;23(8):1398-405
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  • Fifteen patients had a cytotoxic T-cell and seven patients had an NK-cell phenotype.
  • All T-cell expansions were clonal.
  • Responses to dasatinib were good and included complete, unexpectedly long-lasting remissions in patients with advanced leukemia.
  • In a phase II clinical study on 46 Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia, patients with lymphocytosis had superior survival compared with patients without lymphocytosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Killer Cells, Natural / drug effects. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / drug therapy. Lymphocytosis / chemically induced. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Protein Kinase Inhibitors / pharmacology. Pyrimidines / pharmacology. T-Lymphocyte Subsets / drug effects. T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic / drug effects. Thiazoles / pharmacology

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  • [CommentIn] Acta Haematol. 2016;136(4):219-228 [27656875.001]
  • (PMID = 19295545.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0 / Pyrimidines; 0 / Thiazoles; RBZ1571X5H / Dasatinib
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50. Asnafi V, Buzyn A, Thomas X, Huguet F, Vey N, Boiron JM, Reman O, Cayuela JM, Lheritier V, Vernant JP, Fiere D, Macintyre E, Dombret H: Impact of TCR status and genotype on outcome in adult T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a LALA-94 study. Blood; 2005 Apr 15;105(8):3072-8
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  • [Title] Impact of TCR status and genotype on outcome in adult T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a LALA-94 study.
  • Patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALLs) within the Leucemies Aigues Lymphoblastiques de l'Adulte-94 (LALA-94) prospective trial were treated with a 4-drug per 4-week induction, with intermediate-dose cytarabine and mitoxantrone salvage treatment for patients not achieving complete remission (CR) in 1 course.
  • Representative patients with T-ALL (91 patients) were classified into surface T-cell receptor (TCR)-expressing T-ALL patients (TCRalphabeta+ or TCRgammadelta+), pre-alphabeta T-ALL patients (cTCRbeta+, TCR-), and immature (IM) cTCRbeta-, TCR- T-ALL patients; 81 patients underwent genotyping for SIL-TAL1, CALM-AF10, HOX11, and HOX11L2.
  • Once CR was obtained, cumulative relapse rates were similar for IM, pre-alphabeta, and TCR+ T-ALL patients (P = .51), but were higher in HOX11L2 (83%) and SIL-TAL1 (82%) T-ALL patients compared with other genetic subgroups (48%; P = .05).
  • This was associated with an inferior OS for HOX11L2 T-ALLs (13% vs 47% in HOX11L2-T-ALLs; P = .009).
  • Both TCR and genotypic stratification can therefore contribute to risk-adapted management of adult T-ALLs.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / genetics

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  • (PMID = 15637138.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone
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51. Leung KT, Li KK, Sun SS, Chan PK, Ooi VE, Chiu LC: Activation of the JNK pathway promotes phosphorylation and degradation of BimEL--a novel mechanism of chemoresistance in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Carcinogenesis; 2008 Mar;29(3):544-51
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  • [Title] Activation of the JNK pathway promotes phosphorylation and degradation of BimEL--a novel mechanism of chemoresistance in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias (T-ALLs) are highly malignant tumors with 20% of patients continues to fail therapy, in part due to chemoresistance of T-ALL cells via largely unknown mechanisms.
  • Here, we showed that lack of Bcl-2-interacting mediator of cell death (Bim)(EL) protein expression, a BH3-only member of the Bcl-2 family proteins, conferred resistance of a T-ALL cell line, Sup-T1, to etoposide-induced apoptosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / metabolism. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / metabolism. MAP Kinase Kinase 4 / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism


52. Van Vlierberghe P, Homminga I, Zuurbier L, Gladdines-Buijs J, van Wering ER, Horstmann M, Beverloo HB, Pieters R, Meijerink JP: Cooperative genetic defects in TLX3 rearranged pediatric T-ALL. Leukemia; 2008 Apr;22(4):762-70
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive neoplastic disorder, in which multiple genetic abnormalities cooperate in the malignant transformation of thymocytes.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Homeodomain Proteins / genetics. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics. Sequence Deletion
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics. Child. DNA Mutational Analysis. F-Box Proteins / genetics. Gene Dosage. Gene Rearrangement. Genome, Human. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases / genetics. WT1 Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18185524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / F-Box Proteins; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / TLX3 protein, human; 0 / WT1 Proteins; EC 6.3.2.19 / FBXW7 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
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53. Szczepański T, Harrison CJ, van Dongen JJ: Genetic aberrations in paediatric acute leukaemias and implications for management of patients. Lancet Oncol; 2010 Sep;11(9):880-9
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  • [Title] Genetic aberrations in paediatric acute leukaemias and implications for management of patients.
  • The process of malignant transformation in paediatric acute leukaemias is complex, requiring at least two deleterious events resulting in DNA damage.
  • In this review we summarise the most common genetic aberrations for the three main subtypes of paediatric acute leukaemia: B-cell-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • Some genetic aberrations represent sensitive targets for molecular detection of minimal residual disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics. Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia / genetics

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20435517.001).
  • [ISSN] 1474-5488
  • [Journal-full-title] The Lancet. Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lancet Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 76
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54. Buie LW, Epstein SS, Lindley CM: Nelarabine: a novel purine antimetabolite antineoplastic agent. Clin Ther; 2007 Sep;29(9):1887-99
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Nelarabine was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in October 2005 for the treatment of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL) that has not responded to or has relapsed after treatment with at least 2 chemotherapy regimens.
  • Nelarabine has activity in T-cell malignancies, as evaluated in 2 Phase I and 5 Phase II studies.
  • In PGAA 2001, patients with T-ALL in first relapse (n = 33) had an objective response rate of 55% (16 with a complete response [CR] and 2 with a partial response [PR]), and those with T-ALL in second relapse (n = 30) had an objective response rate of 27% (7 CR and 1 PR).
  • Among patients with central nervous system-positive T-ALL or T-cell non-Hodgkins lymphoma (T-NHL) (n = 21), 33% had an objective response (5 CR and 2 PR); among patients with T-ALL or T-NHL with extramedullary relapse (n = 22), 14% had a PR.
  • CALGB 19801 included 39 adult patients with T-cell malignancies, of whom 7 (18%) had a CR and an additional 2 (5%) had a CR without full hematologic recovery.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Hematologic Neoplasms / drug therapy. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, T-Cell / drug therapy. Purine Nucleosides / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 18035189.001).
  • [ISSN] 0149-2918
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 0 / Purine Nucleosides; 60158CV180 / nelarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 29
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55. Seror E, Coquerel B, Gautheret-Dejean A, Ballerini P, Landman-Parker J, Leverger G, Schneider P, Vannier JP: Quantitation of Human herpes virus 6 genome in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Med Virol; 2008 Apr;80(4):689-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Quantitation of Human herpes virus 6 genome in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the main type of leukemia in children.
  • The potential role of HHV-6 in the pathogenesis of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia was investigated.
  • HHV-6 genome copy number was measured by quantitative real-time PCR (RQ-PCR) in bone marrow or peripheral blood samples obtained from 36 children (median age = 4 years) with B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 31) and T acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 5) at diagnosis and during complete remission.
  • A total of 24.7% of samples were positive for HHV-6 genome: 13.9% were leukemia samples and 34.1% were complete remission samples.
  • Viral load was low with values lower at diagnosis (median viral copy number = 22.9) than at complete remission (median copy number = 60.1).
  • These results argue against a role of HHV6 infection in the development of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA, Viral / analysis. Herpesvirus 6, Human / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / virology. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / virology. Roseolovirus Infections / complications. Roseolovirus Infections / virology

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  • (PMID = 18297709.001).
  • [ISSN] 0146-6615
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of medical virology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Med. Virol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Viral
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56. Lin YW, Beharry ZM, Hill EG, Song JH, Wang W, Xia Z, Zhang Z, Aplan PD, Aster JC, Smith CD, Kraft AS: A small molecule inhibitor of Pim protein kinases blocks the growth of precursor T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma. Blood; 2010 Jan 28;115(4):824-33
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  • [Title] A small molecule inhibitor of Pim protein kinases blocks the growth of precursor T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma.
  • We demonstrate that SMI-4a, a novel benzylidene-thiazolidine-2, 4-dione small molecule inhibitor of the Pim kinases, kills a wide range of both myeloid and lymphoid cell lines with precursor T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (pre-T-LBL/T-ALL) being highly sensitive.
  • Incubation of pre-T-LBL cells with SMI-4a induced G1 phase cell-cycle arrest secondary to a dose-dependent induction of p27(Kip1), apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway, and inhibition of the mammalian target of rapamycin C1 (mTORC1) pathway based on decreases in phospho-p70 S6K and phospho-4E-BP1, 2 substrates of this enzyme.
  • In addition, treatment of these cells with SMI-4a was found to induce phosphorylation of extracellular signal-related kinase1/2 (ERK1/2), and the combination of SMI-4a and a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 1/2 (MEK1/2) inhibitor was highly synergistic in killing pre-T-LBL cells.
  • In immunodeficient mice carrying subcutaneous pre-T-LBL tumors, treatment twice daily with SMI-4a caused a significant delay in the tumor growth without any change in the weight, blood counts, or chemistries.
  • Our data suggest that inhibition of the Pim protein kinases may be developed as a therapeutic strategy for the treatment of pre-T-LBL.


57. Chiu PP, Jiang H, Dick JE: Leukemia-initiating cells in human T-lymphoblastic leukemia exhibit glucocorticoid resistance. Blood; 2010 Dec 9;116(24):5268-79
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  • [Title] Leukemia-initiating cells in human T-lymphoblastic leukemia exhibit glucocorticoid resistance.
  • T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is associated with a significant risk of disease relapse, but the biological basis for relapse is poorly understood.
  • Here, we identify leukemiainitiating cells (L-ICs) on the basis of functional assays and prospective isolation and report a role for L-ICs in T-ALL disease and relapse.
  • Long-term proliferation in response to NOTCH1 activating signals in OP9-DL1 coculture system or capacity to initiate leukemia in xenografts by the CD7(+)CD1a(-) subset of primary T-ALL samples was superior to other subsets, refining the identity of T-ALL L-ICs.
  • T-ALL engraftment was improved in nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD/scid)IL2Rγ(null) (NSG) mice compared with NOD/scid with anti-CD122 treatment (NS122), but both showed changes in leukemia immunophenotype.
  • Our results establish that primary CD1a(-) T-ALL cells are functionally distinct from CD1a(+) cells and that the CD7(+)CD1a(-) subset is enriched for L-IC activity that may be involved in mediating disease relapse after therapy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antigens, CD1. Antigens, CD7. Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal / pharmacology. Cell Proliferation. Clone Cells / pathology. Coculture Techniques. Dexamethasone / pharmacology. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Mice. Mice, SCID. Receptor, Notch1 / metabolism. Recurrence. Transplantation, Heterologous

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  • (PMID = 20810926.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD1; 0 / Antigens, CD7; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; 0 / CD1a antigen; 0 / Glucocorticoids; 0 / Notch1 protein, mouse; 0 / Receptor, Notch1; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone
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58. Choi J, Foss F: Efficacy of low dose clofarabine in refractory precursor T- acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Yale J Biol Med; 2006 Dec;79(3-4):169-72
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  • [Title] Efficacy of low dose clofarabine in refractory precursor T- acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Refractory T-lymphoblastic leukemia in adults has a poor prognosis in patients who relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, and relatively few new agents have demonstrated activity.
  • We used low dose clofarabine and induced a remission in a patient who relapsed in the skin and marrow after allogeneic transplant and was refractory to nelarabine and report a near complete response, suggesting significant activity for low intermittent dose clofarabine in patients with relapsed T-cell leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenine Nucleotides / therapeutic use. Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Marrow Neoplasms / drug therapy. Bone Marrow Neoplasms / secondary. Clinical Trials as Topic. Drug Administration Schedule. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Male. Recurrence. Skin Neoplasms / drug therapy. Skin Neoplasms / secondary. Stem Cell Transplantation. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17940627.001).
  • [ISSN] 1551-4056
  • [Journal-full-title] The Yale journal of biology and medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Yale J Biol Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 60158CV180 / nelarabine; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1994805
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59. Malissen B, Luche H: Immunology: Egocentric pre-T-cell receptors. Nature; 2010 Oct 14;467(7317):793-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunology: Egocentric pre-T-cell receptors.
  • [MeSH-major] Protein Multimerization. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / chemistry. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / metabolism

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  • [CommentOn] Nature. 2010 Oct 14;467(7317):844-8 [20944746.001]
  • (PMID = 20944732.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-4687
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nature
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; News
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta
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60. Terme JM, Mocquet V, Kuhlmann AS, Zane L, Mortreux F, Wattel E, Duc Dodon M, Jalinot P: Inhibition of the hTERT promoter by the proto-oncogenic protein TAL1. Leukemia; 2009 Nov;23(11):2081-9
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  • In this report, we show that the basic helix-loop-helix factor, TAL1 (T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia 1), is a negative regulator of the hTERT promoter.
  • Considering the relationship recently established between TAL1 and the human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) Tax protein, which was confirmed in T lymphocyte clones derived from adult T-cell leukemia patients, we analyzed the effect of TAL1 with respect to the earlier characterized effects of Tax and HBZ (HTLV-1 basic leucine zipper) on hTERT expression.
  • [MeSH-major] Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic / physiology. Leukemia, T-Cell / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism. Telomerase / genetics. Telomerase / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19587703.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / Basic-Leucine Zipper Transcription Factors; 0 / Gene Products, tax; 0 / HBZ protein, human T-cell leukemia virus type I; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Sp1 Transcription Factor; 0 / Viral Proteins; 0 / tax protein, Human T-lymphotrophic virus 1; 135471-20-4 / TAL1 protein, human; EC 2.7.7.49 / TERT protein, human; EC 2.7.7.49 / Telomerase
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61. Gran B, Yu S, Zhang GX, Rostami A: Accelerated thymocyte maturation in IL-12Rβ2-deficient mice contributes to increased susceptibility to autoimmune inflammatory demyelination. Exp Mol Pathol; 2010 Oct;89(2):126-34
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  • Accelerated maturation is observed in mice injected with anti-CD3 to mimic pre-T-cell receptor stimulation, and also in mice immunized with myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) peptide to induce EAE.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 20599940.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-0945
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental and molecular pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Mol. Pathol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI061818; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS048435; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / U19 AI082726
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Mog protein, mouse; 0 / Myelin Proteins; 0 / Myelin-Associated Glycoprotein; 0 / Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein; 187348-17-0 / Interleukin-12
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS218212; NLM/ PMC2939283
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62. Yamasaki S, Saito T: Molecular basis for pre-TCR-mediated autonomous signaling. Trends Immunol; 2007 Jan;28(1):39-43
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  • [Title] Molecular basis for pre-TCR-mediated autonomous signaling.
  • The pre-T-cell receptor (pre-TCR) is a multimeric complex composed of a nascent TCRbeta chain, an invariant pre-TCRalpha (pTalpha) chain and CD3 molecules, and is crucial for early T-cell development.
  • Despite its structural similarity to the mature alphabetaTCR, which requires MHC-antigen for receptor triggering, the pre-TCR is proposed to initiate signals in a ligand-independent manner.
  • In this review, we summarize current data relating to the molecular mechanism underlying the initiation of pre-TCR-mediated autonomous signaling.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma / immunology. Membrane Glycoproteins / immunology. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / immunology. Signal Transduction / immunology

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  • (PMID = 17126602.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-4906
  • [Journal-full-title] Trends in immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Trends Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta; 0 / pre-T cell receptor alpha
  • [Number-of-references] 48
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63. Benito JM, López M, Lozano S, Ballesteros C, Martinez P, González-Lahoz J, Soriano V: Differential upregulation of CD38 on different T-cell subsets may influence the ability to reconstitute CD4+ T cells under successful highly active antiretroviral therapy. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr; 2005 Apr 1;38(4):373-81
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  • [Title] Differential upregulation of CD38 on different T-cell subsets may influence the ability to reconstitute CD4+ T cells under successful highly active antiretroviral therapy.
  • BACKGROUND: Immune activation is an independent surrogate marker of CD4 T-cell depletion in HIV-infected patients.
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) reduces disease progression as a direct consequence of suppressing HIV replication.
  • So far, it is unclear to what extent immune activation may influence the evolution of CD4 T-cell counts in patients on HAART.
  • In patients on successful HAART, immune activation declined in all T-cell subsets, particularly among memory CD8+ cells.
  • There was a significant correlation between the CD8+ T-cell activation decay and the increase of CD4+ T cells on HAART.
  • Patients with the highest decline in CD8 activation were those showing the highest CD4 T-cell gains after 12 months of therapy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The level of CD38 expression on different T-cell subsets is differentially upregulated in drug-naive HIV-infected patients.
  • After successful HAART, immune activation decreases in all T-cell subsets, although it still remains elevated in most cases after 12 months of HAART.

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  • (PMID = 15764953.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-4135
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Acquir. Immune Defic. Syndr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; EC 3.2.2.5 / ADP-ribosyl Cyclase; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38; EC 3.2.2.5 / CD38 protein, human
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64. Bellavia D, Mecarozzi M, Campese AF, Grazioli P, Gulino A, Screpanti I: Notch and Ikaros: not only converging players in T cell leukemia. Cell Cycle; 2007 Nov 15;6(22):2730-4
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  • [Title] Notch and Ikaros: not only converging players in T cell leukemia.
  • Notch3 overexpression has been observed in virtually 100% of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • A high percentage of infant B- and T-ALLs also display an increased expression of non DNA-binding Ikaros isoforms.
  • We recently suggested that pre-TCR is the missing link between Notch and Ikaros in T cell leukemogenesis.
  • Our studies demonstrate that the presence of pre-TCR is required to sustain a Notch3-induced altered expression of spliced Ikaros isoforms.
  • Moreover, we identified HuD, an RNA-binding protein able to regulate both mRNA stability and alternative splicing, as the potential pre-TCR-dependent mediator of Notch3 activity.
  • Our findings may help in clarifying the regulatory mechanism of Ikaros alternative splicing and suggest a crosstalk among Notch3, pre-TCR signalling and spliced Ikaros variants in T cell leukemogenesis, mediated by HuD.
  • [MeSH-major] Ikaros Transcription Factor / physiology. Leukemia, T-Cell / metabolism. Receptors, Notch / physiology

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  • (PMID = 18032925.001).
  • [ISSN] 1551-4005
  • [Journal-full-title] Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cell Cycle
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Notch; 148971-36-2 / Ikaros Transcription Factor
  • [Number-of-references] 66
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65. Dufner-Beattie J, Huang ZL, Geiser J, Xu W, Andrews GK: Generation and characterization of mice lacking the zinc uptake transporter ZIP3. Mol Cell Biol; 2005 Jul;25(13):5607-15
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  • EGFP fluorescence revealed that ZIP3 was expressed in the inner cell mass of the blastocyst and later during embryonic development in many tissues.
  • In knockout mice stressed with a zinc-deficient diet during pregnancy or at weaning, a subtle increase in the sensitivity to abnormal morphogenesis of the embryo and to depletion of thymic pre-T cells, respectively, was noted.

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  • (PMID = 15964816.001).
  • [ISSN] 0270-7306
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK50181
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Cation Transport Proteins; 0 / Slc39a3 protein, mouse; 0 / zinc-binding protein; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins; J41CSQ7QDS / Zinc
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1156975
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66. Chadwick N, Zeef L, Portillo V, Boros J, Hoyle S, van Doesburg JC, Buckle AM: Notch protection against apoptosis in T-ALL cells mediated by GIMAP5. Blood Cells Mol Dis; 2010 Oct 15;45(3):201-9
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  • Recent studies have highlighted the role of Notch signalling in the development of T cell acute lymphoblasic leukaemia (T-ALL).
  • The aims of this study were to determine the effect of Notch signalling on apoptosis in human T-ALL cell lines and to identify targets of Notch signalling that may mediate this effect.
  • Microarray analysis revealed that GIMAP5, a gene coding for an anti-apoptotic intracellular protein, is upregulated by Notch in T-ALL cell lines.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis. GTP-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Receptor, Notch1 / metabolism. Receptors, Notch / metabolism. Signal Transduction

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20817506.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-0961
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood cells, molecules & diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood Cells Mol. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / GIMAP5 protein, human; 0 / Glucocorticoids; 0 / NOTCH1 protein, human; 0 / NOTCH3 protein, human; 0 / Protease Inhibitors; 0 / Receptor, Notch1; 0 / Receptors, Notch; EC 3.6.1.- / GTP-Binding Proteins
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67. Wu XC, Andrews P, Chen VW, Groves FD: Incidence of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphomas among whites, blacks, and Asians/Pacific Islanders in the United States: anatomic site and histology differences. Cancer Epidemiol; 2009 Nov;33(5):337-46
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  • BACKGROUND: Extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) accounts for much of the increase in NHL incidence in the past three decades in the United States, but its descriptive epidemiology is scarce in the literature.
  • We grouped anatomic sites of extranodal NHLs according to the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) site recodes, and histology subtypes according to the nested classification of lymphoid neoplasms developed by the Pathology Working Group of the International Lymphoma Epidemiology Consortium.
  • RESULTS: Blacks and Asians/Pacific Islanders (APIs) experienced incidence rates about the same as or lower than whites' for B-cell extranodal NHL as a whole and most of its histologic subtypes.
  • The significant exceptions are: API men had a 40% higher rate of marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) than white men, and API women had a 12% higher rate of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) than white women.
  • The rates of all T-cell extranodal NHLs combined and peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) among black women exceeded those of white women by 46% and 18%, respectively.
  • Blacks had higher rates of the two most common types of T-cell extranodal NHL and APIs had higher rate of the two common types of B-cell types than whites.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / epidemiology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19853554.001).
  • [ISSN] 1877-783X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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68. Gordon WR, Roy M, Vardar-Ulu D, Garfinkel M, Mansour MR, Aster JC, Blacklow SC: Structure of the Notch1-negative regulatory region: implications for normal activation and pathogenic signaling in T-ALL. Blood; 2009 Apr 30;113(18):4381-90
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  • The NRR includes the 3 Lin12/Notch repeats and the juxtamembrane heterodimerization domain, the region of Notch1 most frequently mutated in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia lymphoma (T-ALL).
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. Receptor, Notch1 / chemistry. Receptor, Notch1 / metabolism. Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid. Signal Transduction

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  • (PMID = 19075186.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA092433; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA119070-030003; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA092433-05S1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA092433; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R56 CA092433-06A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA092433; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA119070-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA119070-039001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA119070-029001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA119070-020003; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA092433-05; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0500389; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA092433-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA119070
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / NOTCH1 protein, human; 0 / NOTCH2 protein, human; 0 / Receptor, Notch1; 0 / Receptor, Notch2; EC 1.13.12.- / Luciferases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2676092
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69. Sharma VM, Calvo JA, Draheim KM, Cunningham LA, Hermance N, Beverly L, Krishnamoorthy V, Bhasin M, Capobianco AJ, Kelliher MA: Notch1 contributes to mouse T-cell leukemia by directly inducing the expression of c-myc. Mol Cell Biol; 2006 Nov;26(21):8022-31
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  • [Title] Notch1 contributes to mouse T-cell leukemia by directly inducing the expression of c-myc.
  • Recent work with mouse models and human leukemic samples has shown that gain-of-function mutation(s) in Notch1 is a common genetic event in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • To identify Notch1 target genes in leukemia, we developed mouse T-cell leukemic lines that express intracellular Notch1 in a doxycycline-dependent manner.
  • Using gene expression profiling and chromatin immunoprecipitation, we identified c-myc as a novel, direct, and critical Notch1 target gene in T-cell leukemia. c-myc mRNA levels are increased in primary mouse T-cell tumors that harbor Notch1 mutations, and Notch1 inhibition decreases c-myc mRNA levels and inhibits leukemic cell growth.
  • Consistent with these findings, retroviral insertional mutagenesis screening of our T-cell leukemia mouse model revealed common insertions in either notch1 or c-myc genes.

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  • (PMID = 16954387.001).
  • [ISSN] 0270-7306
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA096899; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-096889
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Myc protein, mouse; 0 / Notch1 protein, mouse; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc; 0 / Receptor, Notch1; 0 / Tal1 protein, mouse; EC 3.4.- / Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1636748
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70. Quintás-Cardama A, Tong W, Manshouri T, Vega F, Lennon PA, Cools J, Gilliland DG, Lee F, Cortes J, Kantarjian H, Garcia-Manero G: Activity of tyrosine kinase inhibitors against human NUP214-ABL1-positive T cell malignancies. Leukemia; 2008 Jun;22(6):1117-24
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  • [Title] Activity of tyrosine kinase inhibitors against human NUP214-ABL1-positive T cell malignancies.
  • Amplification of the NUP214-ABL1 oncogene can be detected in patients with T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • We screened 29 patients with T cell malignancies for the expression of NUP214-ABL1 by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).
  • We also studied the activity of imatinib, nilotinib and dasatinib against the human NUP214-ABL1-positive cell lines PEER and BE-13.
  • In contrast, the NUP214-ABL-negative T-ALL cell line Jurkat, was remarkably resistant to tyrosine kinase inhibition.
  • Moreover, dasatinib was active in a NUP214-ABL1-positive leukemia xenograft murine model and in marrow lymphoblasts from a patient with NUP214-ABL1-positive T-ALL.
  • On the basis of these results, ABL1 kinase inhibitors warrant clinical investigation in patients with NUP214-ABL1-positive T-cell malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 18401417.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016672; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA16672; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA100067; United States / Howard Hughes Medical Institute / / ; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA105771
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 4-methyl-N-(3-(4-methylimidazol-1-yl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-3-((4-pyridin-3-ylpyrimidin-2-yl)amino)benzamide; 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Benzamides; 0 / CRKL protein; 0 / NUP214-ABL1 fusion protein, human; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Piperazines; 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors; 0 / Pyrimidines; 0 / STAT5 Transcription Factor; 0 / Thiazoles; 8A1O1M485B / Imatinib Mesylate; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; RBZ1571X5H / Dasatinib
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71. Weerkamp F, Luis TC, Naber BA, Koster EE, Jeannotte L, van Dongen JJ, Staal FJ: Identification of Notch target genes in uncommitted T-cell progenitors: No direct induction of a T-cell specific gene program. Leukemia; 2006 Nov;20(11):1967-77
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  • [Title] Identification of Notch target genes in uncommitted T-cell progenitors: No direct induction of a T-cell specific gene program.
  • During normal lymphoid development, activation of the Notch signaling pathway poses a T-cell fate on hematopoietic progenitors.
  • We confirmed HES1, NOTCH1 and NRARP as Notch target genes, but other reported Notch targets, including the genes for Deltex1, pre-T-cell receptor alpha and E2A, were not found to be differentially expressed.
  • Remarkably, no induction of T-cell receptor gene rearrangements or transcription of known T-cell specific genes was found after activation of the Notch pathway.
  • Apparently, Notch signaling is essential to open the T-cell pathway, but does not initiate the T-cell program itself.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Lineage / physiology. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / physiology. Receptor, Notch1 / metabolism. T-Lymphocytes / physiology

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  • (PMID = 16990763.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Hoxa5 protein, mouse; 0 / NOTCH1 protein, human; 0 / Nrarp protein, mouse; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / Proteins; 0 / Receptor, Notch1; 0 / TCFL5 protein, human; 0 / Triglycerides; 149348-15-2 / HES1 protein, human; 56-12-2 / gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; 93349-26-9 / 1,2-dilinolenoyl-3-(4-aminobutyryl)propane-1,2,3-triol
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72. Lee SY, Kumano K, Nakazaki K, Sanada M, Matsumoto A, Yamamoto G, Nannya Y, Suzuki R, Ota S, Ota Y, Izutsu K, Sakata-Yanagimoto M, Hangaishi A, Yagita H, Fukayama M, Seto M, Kurokawa M, Ogawa S, Chiba S: Gain-of-function mutations and copy number increases of Notch2 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Cancer Sci; 2009 May;100(5):920-6
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  • [Title] Gain-of-function mutations and copy number increases of Notch2 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.
  • Gain of Notch1 function results in the development of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a number of mouse experimental models, and activating Notch1 mutations deregulate Notch1 signaling in the majority of human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemias.
  • Notch2, another member of the Notch gene family, is preferentially expressed in mature B cells and is essential for marginal zone B-cell generation.
  • Here, we report that 5 of 63 (approximately 8%) diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, a subtype of mature B-cell lymphomas, have Notch2 mutations.
  • Furthermore, high-density oligonucleotide microarray analysis revealed that some diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cases also have increased copies of the mutated Notch2 allele.
  • In the Notch activation-sensitive luciferase reporter assay in vitro, mutant Notch2 receptors show increased activity compared with wild-type Notch2.
  • These findings implicate Notch2 gain-of-function mutations in the pathogenesis of a subset of B-cell lymphomas, and suggest broader roles for Notch gene mutations in human cancers.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Dosage / genetics. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / metabolism. Receptor, Notch2 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19445024.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7006
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCL6 protein, human; 0 / DNA, Complementary; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Interferon Regulatory Factors; 0 / NOTCH2 protein, human; 0 / Receptor, Notch2; 0 / interferon regulatory factor-4; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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73. Oble DA, Mino-Kenudson M, Goldsmith J, Hodi FS, Seliem RM, Dranoff G, Mihm M, Hasserjian R, Lauwers GY: Alpha-CTLA-4 mAb-associated panenteritis: a histologic and immunohistochemical analysis. Am J Surg Pathol; 2008 Aug;32(8):1130-7
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  • Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a marked increase of all T-cell subsets (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+) and of CD4CD25 regulatory T cells.


74. Falà F, Blalock WL, Tazzari PL, Cappellini A, Chiarini F, Martinelli G, Tafuri A, McCubrey JA, Cocco L, Martelli AM: Proapoptotic activity and chemosensitizing effect of the novel Akt inhibitor (2S)-1-(1H-Indol-3-yl)-3-[5-(3-methyl-2H-indazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl]oxypropan2-amine (A443654) in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Mol Pharmacol; 2008 Sep;74(3):884-95
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  • [Title] Proapoptotic activity and chemosensitizing effect of the novel Akt inhibitor (2S)-1-(1H-Indol-3-yl)-3-[5-(3-methyl-2H-indazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl]oxypropan2-amine (A443654) in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Constitutively activated AKT kinase is a common feature of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • Here, we report that the novel AKT inhibitor (2S)-1-(1H-indol-3-yl)-3-[5-(3-methyl-2H-indazol-5-yl)pyridin-3-yl]oxypropan2-amine (A443654) leads to rapid cell death of T-ALL lines and patient samples.
  • Effects were time- and dose-dependent, resulting in apoptotic cell death.
  • Apoptotic cell death was mostly dependent on caspase-2 activation, as demonstrated by preincubation with a selective pharmacological inhibitor.
  • It is remarkable that A443654 was highly effective against the drug-resistant cell line CEM-VBL100, which expresses 170-kDa P-glycoprotein.
  • Moreover, A443654 synergized with the DNA-damaging agent etoposide in both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant cell lines when coadministered [combination index (CI) = 0.39] or when pretreated with etoposide followed by A443654 (CI = 0.689).
  • At 1 microM, the inhibitor was able to induce apoptotic cell death of T-ALL blast cells, as indicated by flow cytometric analysis of samples immunostained for active (cleaved) caspase-3.

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  • (PMID = 18577685.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0111
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA098195-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA098195-05; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA091025
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / A 443654; 0 / Indazoles; 0 / Indoles; 1114-81-4 / Phosphothreonine; 17885-08-4 / Phosphoserine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; EC 2.7.11.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt; EC 2.7.11.1 / glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta; EC 2.7.11.26 / Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS79780; NLM/ PMC2659779
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75. Dictor M, Warenholt J, Isinger A: Resolving T-cell receptor clonality in two and genotype in four multiplex polymerase chain reactions. Haematologica; 2005 Nov;90(11):1524-32
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  • [Title] Resolving T-cell receptor clonality in two and genotype in four multiplex polymerase chain reactions.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The diagnosis of T-cell neoplasia requires the use of immunohistochemistry on tumor sections or molecular genetic analysis of T-cell receptor (TCR) clonality.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: Template DNA was derived from frozen or formalin-fixed tissue and from imprints of aspirates or cut tissue surface on a FTA MicroCard.
  • Two hundred and eleven clinically and immunohistochemically well-characterized benign and malignant non-T-cell lymphoid proliferations, including 138 B-cell lymphomas, were analyzed to determine specificity.
  • The results were compared with those of 28 peripheral and immature T-cell neoplasms and two NK/T-cell lymphomas to determine sensitivity and compute predictive values.
  • RESULTS: In all T-cell tumors, one or more TCR loci showed clonal rearrangement, which was not evident in two NK/T-cell lymphomas.
  • Multiplex PCR targeting of TCRG and TCRD together resolved clonality in all T-cell neoplasms, whereas the TCRB locus was clonal in two of three cases with polyclonal TCRG.
  • Unexpectedly, in B-cell lymphomas single clonal incomplete TCRB (Dbeta-Jbeta) peaks were 20 times more likely to occur than clonal TCRG.
  • INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: Clonality can be accurately determined in nodal T-cell lymphoma with two single-tube multiplex PCR targeting TCRG and TCRD.
  • TCRB analysis should be considered in equivocal cases in which a polyclonal background may obscure clonal TCRD, but clonal incomplete TCRB rearrangement alone is insufficient for presuming T-cell lineage.
  • In the absence of objective evidence of B-cell neoplasia, multiplex PCR of T-cell receptor genes may be used early in the diagnostic work-up, including for fine needle aspirates.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, T-Cell / genetics. Lymphoma, T-Cell / pathology. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16266900.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
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76. Lu J, Quearry B, Harada H: p38-MAP kinase activation followed by BIM induction is essential for glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis in lymphoblastic leukemia cells. FEBS Lett; 2006 Jun 12;580(14):3539-44
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  • [Title] p38-MAP kinase activation followed by BIM induction is essential for glucocorticoid-induced apoptosis in lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
  • Treatment of CCRF-CEM (T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia) cells with the GC, dexamethasone (Dex), activates p38-mitogen activated protein kinase (p38-MAPK) and then induces mRNA transcription and synthesis levels of BIM, a BH3-only pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family member.
  • These findings indicate that BIM induction through p38-MAPK activation is a critical pathway in GC-induced cell death.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / drug effects. Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins / biosynthesis. Dexamethasone / pharmacology. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / pathology. Membrane Proteins / biosynthesis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / biosynthesis. p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Base Sequence. Blotting, Western. Cell Line, Tumor. DNA Primers. Enzyme Activation. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16730715.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-5793
  • [Journal-full-title] FEBS letters
  • [ISO-abbreviation] FEBS Lett.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / Bcl-2-like protein 11; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; EC 2.7.11.24 / p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
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77. Ramoglu SI, Sari Z: Maxillary expansion in the mixed dentition: rapid or semi-rapid? Eur J Orthod; 2010 Feb;32(1):11-8
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  • A splint type tooth- and tissue-borne modified bonded RME appliance was used, with the patients activating the screw two-quarter turns per day for the first week, followed by one-quarter turn every other day in the SRME group and two-quarter turns per day throughout treatment in the RME group.
  • A Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to evaluate the treatment effects [pre-(T(0)) - post-(T(1)) treatment changes] for both the SRME and RME groups and a Mann-Whitney U-test to determine the differences between the two groups (T(0)-T(1) changes SRME versus T(0)-T(1) changes RME).

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  • (PMID = 19797410.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2210
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of orthodontics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur J Orthod
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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78. Masui N, Tani-ichi S, Maki K, Ikuta K: Transcriptional activation of mouse TCR Jgamma4 germline promoter by STAT5. Mol Immunol; 2008 Feb;45(3):849-55
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  • Here, we showed that cytokine stimulation induced Jgamma4-Cgamma4 germline transcripts in a pre-T cell line, Scid.adh, and a hematopoietic cell line, Ba/F3.
  • [MeSH-major] Interleukin-7 / immunology. Precursor Cells, T-Lymphoid / metabolism. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta / biosynthesis. Response Elements / physiology. STAT5 Transcription Factor / metabolism. Transcription, Genetic / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acetylation. Animals. Cell Line. Chromatin / genetics. Chromatin / immunology. Chromatin / metabolism. Histones / genetics. Histones / immunology. Histones / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Membrane Proteins / immunology. Membrane Proteins / metabolism. Mice. Phosphoproteins / genetics. Phosphoproteins / immunology. Phosphoproteins / metabolism. Quantitative Trait Loci / physiology. Transcriptional Activation / physiology. p300-CBP Transcription Factors / genetics. p300-CBP Transcription Factors / immunology. p300-CBP Transcription Factors / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17664008.001).
  • [ISSN] 0161-5890
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chromatin; 0 / Histones; 0 / Interleukin-7; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Pag1 protein, mouse; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta; 0 / STAT5 Transcription Factor; EC 2.3.1.48 / p300-CBP Transcription Factors
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79. Miao K, Li J, Qiu H, Zhang R, Chen L, Wu H, Wang R, Zhang J: The chromosomal translocation (11;14) (p13; q11) in acute B-Cell lymphocytic leukemia. Onkologie; 2010;33(7):385-7
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  • [Title] The chromosomal translocation (11;14) (p13; q11) in acute B-Cell lymphocytic leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Cytogenetic abnormalities are the most important independent prognostic factors of acute leukemia and imply the potential molecular mechanism of the disease.
  • Translocation (11;14)(p13;q11) has been predominantly found in T-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) but is rare in B-cell ALL.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Translocation (11;14) (p13;q11) in B-cell ALL is rare, but it is worth exploring the molecular mechanisms and discovering the prognostic value in more B-cell ALL patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Leukemia, B-Cell / genetics. Translocation, Genetic / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosome Banding. Disease Progression. Humans. Immunophenotyping. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Male. Prognosis. Remission Induction

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 20631486.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0240
  • [Journal-full-title] Onkologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Onkologie
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
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80. Schweneker M, Favre D, Martin JN, Deeks SG, McCune JM: HIV-induced changes in T cell signaling pathways. J Immunol; 2008 May 15;180(10):6490-500
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  • [Title] HIV-induced changes in T cell signaling pathways.
  • Infection with HIV usually results in chronic activation of the immune system, with profound quantitative and qualitative changes in the T cell compartment.
  • To better understand the mechanistic basis for T cell dysfunction and to discern whether such mechanisms are reversed after effective antiviral treatment, we analyzed changes in signaling pathways of human CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells from 57 HIV-infected subjects in varying stages of disease progression and treatment, including long-term nonprogressors, progressors, and chronically infected subjects provided effective antiretroviral therapy (responders).
  • T cell signaling induced by TCR cross-linking, IL-2, or PMA/ionomycin was found to be blunted within all T cell subpopulations in those with progressive HIV disease compared with long-term nonprogressors and responders.
  • Notably, provision of effective antiretroviral therapy was associated with a normalization of both basal phosphorylation levels and T cell signaling.
  • These data, in aggregate, suggest that generalized dysfunction of the T cell compartment during progressive HIV disease may be in part dependent upon an increased basal level of phosphorylation, which itself may be due to the heightened state of immune activation found in advanced disease.

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  • (PMID = 18453567.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-1767
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Immunol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI 52745; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR 024131; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI047062-09; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI047062-08; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024131-010001; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R37 AI040312-09; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R37 AI040312-10; United States / NIH HHS / OD / DPI OD 00329; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R37 AI040312-12; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K24 AI069994; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI052745; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024131; United States / NIH HHS / OD / DP1 OD000329; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024131-010004; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI 40312; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R37 AI040312-11; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR024131-010004; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI047062-08; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / RR024131-010001; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024131-01S2; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R37 AI040312-08; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / K24 AI 69994; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR 00083; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI047062-06; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI027763; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI 47062; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R37 AI040312; United States / NIMH NIH HHS / MH / P30 MH 59037; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI040312; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI047062-09; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI047062-06; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR000083; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI047062-07; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI047062; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / P30 AI 27763; United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / R01 AI047062-07
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Retroviral Agents; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Cross-Linking Reagents; 0 / RNA, Viral
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS88354; NLM/ PMC2648824
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81. Rodig SJ, Payne EG, Degar BA, Rollins B, Feldman AL, Jaffe ES, Androkites A, Silverman LB, Longtine JA, Kutok JL, Fleming MD, Aster JC: Aggressive Langerhans cell histiocytosis following T-ALL: clonally related neoplasms with persistent expression of constitutively active NOTCH1. Am J Hematol; 2008 Feb;83(2):116-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Aggressive Langerhans cell histiocytosis following T-ALL: clonally related neoplasms with persistent expression of constitutively active NOTCH1.
  • Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and related entities are neoplasms of unknown pathogenesis.
  • Here, we describe studies assessing the role of NOTCH1 mutations in LCH, which were based on a case of fatal Langerhans cell tumor after T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • Although the two types of neoplasm in this patient were temporally and pathologically distinct, molecular analyses showed that they harbored the same T-cell receptor gene rearrangements and two activating NOTCH1 mutations involving exons 27 and 34.
  • Analysis of cDNA prepared from the aggressive Langerhans cell tumor showed that the NOTCH1 mutations were aligned in cis, a configuration that caused synergistic increases in NOTCH1 signal strength in reporter gene assays.
  • Immunohistochemistry confirmed that the Langerhans cell tumor also expressed NOTCH1 protein.
  • Although these data suggested that NOTCH1 mutations might contribute to the pathogenesis of typical sporadic LCH and related neoplasms occurring in the absence of T-ALL, an analysis of 24 cases of LCH and Rosai-Dorfman Disease occurring in patients without an antecedent history of T-ALL revealed no mutations.
  • Thus, activating NOTCH1 mutations appear to be unique to aggressive Langerhans cell tumors occurring after T-ALL.

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  • (PMID = 17874453.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAID NIH HHS / AI / AI050225; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA082308; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA119070-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA119070-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA119070
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / NOTCH1 protein, human; 0 / Receptor, Notch1
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82. Lopez MC, Watson RR: Alterations in mesenteric lymph node T cell phenotype and cytokine secretion are associated with changes in thymocyte phenotype after LP-BM5 retrovirus infection. Clin Dev Immunol; 2005 Dec;12(4):249-57
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Alterations in mesenteric lymph node T cell phenotype and cytokine secretion are associated with changes in thymocyte phenotype after LP-BM5 retrovirus infection.
  • Simultaneous analysis of surface markers and cytokine secretion was done in an attempt to understand whether the deregulation of IFN-gamma secretion could be ascribed to a defined cell phenotype, concluding that all T cell subsets studied increased IFN-gamma secretion after retrovirus infection.
  • Finally, thymocyte phenotype was further analyzed trying to correlate changes in thymocyte phenotype with MLN cell phenotype.
  • In summary, we can conclude that LP-BM5 uses the immune system to reach the thymus where it interferes with the generation of functionally mature T cells, favoring the development of T cells with an abnormal phenotype.

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  • (PMID = 16584110.001).
  • [ISSN] 1740-2522
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & developmental immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Dev. Immunol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL 63667
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Receptors, Interleukin-7; 0 / Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I; 0 / Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2270737
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83. Dixon DN, Izon DJ, Dagger S, Callow MJ, Taplin RH, Kees UR, Greene WK: TLX1/HOX11 transcription factor inhibits differentiation and promotes a non-haemopoietic phenotype in murine bone marrow cells. Br J Haematol; 2007 Jul;138(1):54-67
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