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1. Pérez-Campos-Mayoral L, Ruiz-Argüelles A, Pérez-Romano B, Zenteno E, Hernández-Cruz P, Martínez-Cruz R, Martínez-Cruz M, Pina-Canseco S, Pérez-Campos E: Potential use of the Macrobrachium rosenbergii lectin for diagnosis of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Tohoku J Exp Med; 2008 Jan;214(1):11-6
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  • [Title] Potential use of the Macrobrachium rosenbergii lectin for diagnosis of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common form of cancer in children.
  • Lectins are proteins or glycoproteins from plants or animals that recognize oligossacharides on the cell surface and have been used to characterize the structural changes of oligosaccharides in leukemias.
  • In this study, we used the lectin from the freshwater prawn Macrobrachium (M. rosenbergii), specific for acetyl groups in sialylated glycans, because increased sialylation of glycoproteins and glycolipids has been identified in lymphoblastic leukemias.
  • We compared the specificity of the M. rosenbergii lectin for lymphoblastic leukemias with the specificities of the lectins from Triticum vulgaris, Solanum tuberosum, Arachis hipogaea, and Phytolacca americana.
  • By morphologic and phenotype characterization with a panel of monoclonal antibodies, we identified four types of leukemias from 106 leukemia patients: 11 cases of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 61 cases of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 24 cases of acute myeloblastic leukemia, and 10 cases of acute biphenotypic leukemia.
  • As determined by cytofluorometric assays, nine of the eleven cases with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (8 +/- 3 years old) were specifically identified with the lectin from M. rosenbergii.
  • In contrast, only six cases of B-cell leukemia, one case of myeloblastic leukemia, and 2 cases of biphenotypic leukemia were identified with this M. rosenbergii lectin.
  • The other lectins tested showed no capacity to differentiate, in a significant manner, any of the four types of leukemias tested.
  • Thus, the lectin from M. rosenbergii could be considered a useful tool for the diagnosis and study of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Lectins. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / diagnosis. Palaemonidae / chemistry
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antibodies, Monoclonal. Antigens, CD45 / analysis. Antigens, Neoplasm / immunology. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Lymphocytes / drug effects. Lymphocytes / metabolism. Phenotype

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  • (PMID = 18212483.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-8727
  • [Journal-full-title] The Tohoku journal of experimental medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Tohoku J. Exp. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Lectins; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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2. Bartley AN, Nelson CL, Nelson DH, Fuchs DA: Disseminated extramedullary myeloid tumor of the gallbladder without involvement of the bone marrow. Am J Hematol; 2007 Jan;82(1):65-8
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  • [Title] Disseminated extramedullary myeloid tumor of the gallbladder without involvement of the bone marrow.
  • Extramedullary myeloid tumors (myeloid sarcomas) are rare neoplasms that are composed of myeloid precursors.
  • They usually arise concurrently with a diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia, or other myeloproliferative disorders.
  • They may also indicate relapsing disease in a patient with a prior history of leukemia or myeloproliferative disorder.
  • We present our findings of a 63-year-old female diagnosed with extramedullary myeloid tumor first presenting in the gallbladder.
  • She subsequently developed respiratory failure; pre- and postmortem bone marrow studies were negative for leukemia by morphology, flow cytometry, and karyotypic analysis.
  • However, the myeloid neoplasm was disseminated throughout most of her remaining organs.
  • Immunohistochemical stains of the cells indicated a neoplasm of myelomonocytic derivation (CD4, CD43, CD45, CD68, myeloperoxidase, and lysozyme positive).
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of an extramedullary myeloid neoplasm of the gallbladder with disseminated disease without involvement of the bone marrow.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow / pathology. Gallbladder Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / metabolism. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Muramidase / metabolism. Peroxidase / metabolism. Respiratory Insufficiency / diagnosis. Respiratory Insufficiency / etiology. Respiratory Insufficiency / metabolism. Respiratory Insufficiency / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16947321.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase; EC 3.2.1.17 / Muramidase
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3. Guo C, Inghirami G, Ibrahim S, Sen F: Epistaxis and severe weakness in a patient with multiple myeloma. Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia, pure erythroid leukemia. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2006 Jul;130(7):1075-6
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  • [Title] Epistaxis and severe weakness in a patient with multiple myeloma. Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia, pure erythroid leukemia.
  • Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemias arise as a result of cytotoxic chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
  • The most common types of acute myeloid leukemia arising in this setting are acute myeloid leukemia with maturation, and lesser numbers of acute myelomonocytic leukemia, acute monocytic leukemia, acute erythroleukemia, or acute megakaryocytic leukemia.
  • We present a patient with multiple myeloma who was treated with melphalan and 4 years later developed acute erythroid leukemia.
  • The morphologic diagnosis of pure erythroid leukemia developing in the setting of multiple myeloma may be challenging.
  • [MeSH-major] Epistaxis / complications. Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute / complications. Multiple Myeloma / complications. Muscle Weakness / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / adverse effects. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid. Male. Melphalan / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 16831041.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; Q41OR9510P / Melphalan
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4. Lightfoot T: Aetiology of childhood leukemia. Bioelectromagnetics; 2005;Suppl 7:S5-S11
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  • [Title] Aetiology of childhood leukemia.
  • Leukemia is the most common cancer to affect children, accounting for approximately a third of all childhood cancers.
  • The major morphological subtypes of leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), are characterized by chromosomal translocations involving over 200 genes including mixed lineage leukemia (MLL), TEL, and AML1.
  • Chromosomal translocations involving the MLL gene at 11q23 are a common feature of infant acute leukemia, found in up to 80% of all cases, and there is strong evidence that rearrangements involving the MLL gene or the TEL-AML1 gene fusion can originate in utero.
  • As with most other cancers, the mechanism by which leukemia arises is likely to involve gene-environment interactions.
  • Accordingly, it is important to identify exposures that cause DNA damage and induce chromosome breaks which are inadequately repaired, ultimately leading to the initiation and disease progression.
  • Exposures acting before birth and early in life has long been thought to be important determinants of leukemia, and the list of suspected chemical, physical, and biological agents continues to increase.
  • Unfortunately, the evidence regarding the majority of suggested exposures is limited and often contradictory, and there are areas, which clearly warrant further investigation in order to further our understanding of the aetiology of childhood leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Electromagnetic Fields / adverse effects. Environmental Exposure / adverse effects. Leukemia, Radiation-Induced / etiology. Leukemia, Radiation-Induced / physiopathology. Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / etiology. Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects / physiopathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc
  • (PMID = 16059922.001).
  • [ISSN] 0197-8462
  • [Journal-full-title] Bioelectromagnetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bioelectromagnetics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 54
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5. González-Vela MC, Val-Bernal JF, Mayorga M, Cagigal ML, Fernández F, Mazorra F: Myeloid sarcoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts presenting as obstructive jaundice. APMIS; 2006 Sep;114(9):666-8
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  • [Title] Myeloid sarcoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts presenting as obstructive jaundice.
  • We report a rare case of myeloid sarcoma (MS) of the extrahepatic bile ducts presenting as obstructive jaundice in a patient without leukemia at time of diagnosis.
  • Eight months following surgery the patient presented with multiple cutaneous nodules and bone marrow trephine biopsy showed acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • MS should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of a patient with obstructive jaundice.
  • Immunohistochemistry is essential for a correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bile Duct Neoplasms / pathology. Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic. Cholestasis, Extrahepatic / pathology. Jaundice, Obstructive / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16948823.001).
  • [ISSN] 0903-4641
  • [Journal-full-title] APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] APMIS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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6. Shen M, Yen A: Nicotinamide cooperates with retinoic acid and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) to regulate cell differentiation and cell cycle arrest of human myeloblastic leukemia cells. Oncology; 2009;76(2):91-100
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  • [Title] Nicotinamide cooperates with retinoic acid and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) to regulate cell differentiation and cell cycle arrest of human myeloblastic leukemia cells.
  • Nicotinamide, the amide derivative of vitamin B(3), cooperates with retinoic acid (RA), a form of vitamin A, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (D3), to regulate cell differentiation and proliferation of human myeloblastic leukemia cells.
  • In human myeloblastic leukemia cells, RA or D3 are known to cause MAPK signaling leading to myeloid or monocytic differentiation and G0 cell cycle arrest.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcitriol / metabolism. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Niacinamide / administration & dosage. Tretinoin / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 19127080.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA033505
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD11b; 0 / Antigens, CD14; 25X51I8RD4 / Niacinamide; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; EC 2.7.11.24 / Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38; FXC9231JVH / Calcitriol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2826433
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7. Chan WK, Cheung CC, Law HK, Lau YL, Chan GC: Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides can induce human monocytic leukemia cells into dendritic cells with immuno-stimulatory function. J Hematol Oncol; 2008;1:9
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  • [Title] Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharides can induce human monocytic leukemia cells into dendritic cells with immuno-stimulatory function.
  • The question of how leukemic cells especially in monocytic lineage respond to GL-PS stimuli remains unclear.
  • RESULTS: In this study, we used in vitro culture model with leukemic monocytic cell-lines THP-1 and U937 as monocytic effectors cells for proliferation responses and DCs induction.
  • CONCLUSION: Our findings suggested that GL-PS could induce selected monocytic leukemic cell differentiation into DCs with immuno-stimulatory function.
  • The possible clinical impact of using this commonly used medicinal mushroom in patients with monocytic leukemia (AML-M4 and M5) deserved further investigation.
  • [MeSH-major] Adjuvants, Immunologic / pharmacology. Dendritic Cells / immunology. Leukemia / immunology. Monocytes / immunology. Polysaccharides / immunology. Reishi / chemistry

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  • (PMID = 18644156.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-8722
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hematology & oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adjuvants, Immunologic; 0 / Polysaccharides; 130068-27-8 / Interleukin-10; 187348-17-0 / Interleukin-12; 207137-56-2 / Interleukin-4; 83869-56-1 / Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2517069
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8. Cuiffo B, Ren R: Palmitoylation of oncogenic NRAS is essential for leukemogenesis. Blood; 2010 Apr 29;115(17):3598-605
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  • Activating mutations of NRAS are common in acute myeloid leukemia, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • We have previously shown that expression of oncogenic NRAS using a bone marrow transduction and transplantation model efficiently induces a chronic myelomonocytic leukemia- or acute myeloid leukemia-like disease in mice.

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  • (PMID = 20200357.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01 HL083515; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / R01HL083515
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 2V16EO95H1 / Palmitic Acid; EC 2.5.1.29 / Farnesyltranstransferase; EC 3.6.5.2 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2867268
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9. Bekou V, Franke I, Gollnick H, Leverkus M: [Livid polycyclic plaques of the lower extremities]. Hautarzt; 2008 Nov;59(11):942-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In 10%-55% of patients, leukemia cutis (LC) manifest as a symptom of acute myelomonocytic leukemia and is associated with a poor overall prognosis.
  • Disseminated bluish-violet or red-brownish papules and plaques, nodules and also hemorrhagic ulcers may dominate the initial clinical picture.
  • The role of the dermatologist is the rapid clinical and dermatohistopathological diagnosis in order to allow immediate, adequate treatment of the patient's underlying systemic disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Leg Dermatoses / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Lower Extremity / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18712322.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1173
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift fur Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hautarzt
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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10. Bresolin S, Zecca M, Flotho C, Trentin L, Zangrando A, Sainati L, Stary J, de Moerloose B, Hasle H, Niemeyer CM, Te Kronnie G, Locatelli F, Basso G: Gene expression-based classification as an independent predictor of clinical outcome in juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Apr 10;28(11):1919-27
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  • [Title] Gene expression-based classification as an independent predictor of clinical outcome in juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • PURPOSE Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare early childhood myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by an aggressive clinical course.
  • Age and hemoglobin F percentage at diagnosis have been reported to predict both survival and outcome after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
  • We applied gene expression-based classification to JMML samples in order to identify prognostic categories related to clinical outcome.
  • A diagnostic classification (DC) model developed for leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome classification was used to classify the specimens and identify prognostically relevant categories.
  • RESULTS The samples could be divided into two major groups: 20 specimens were classified as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) -like and 20 samples as nonAML-like.
  • The 10-year probability of survival after diagnosis of AML-like and nonAML-like patients was significantly different (7% v 74%; P = .0005).
  • Similarly, the 10-year event-free survival after HSCT was 6% for AML-like and 63% for nonAML-like patients (P = .0010).
  • CONCLUSION Gene expression-based classification identifies two groups of patients with JMML with distinct prognosis outperforming all known clinical parameters in terms of prognostic relevance.
  • Gene expression-based classification could thus be prospectively used to guide clinical/therapeutic decisions.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Gene Expression Profiling. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile / classification. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile / diagnosis. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20231685.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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11. Draper NL, Conley C, Smith C, Benson K: Dispermic chimerism identified during HLA typing for stem cell transplantation. Transfusion; 2008 Jul;48(7):1398-402
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  • CASE REPORT: A 32-year-old man was diagnosed with acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • Molecular HLA typing may increase the accurate identification of phenotypically normal chimeras and aid in selecting proper donors for transplantation to reduce graft-versus-host disease and transplant rejection in these patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. HLA-B Antigens / genetics. HLA-C Antigens / genetics. Haplotypes / genetics. Humans. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / surgery. Male. Microsatellite Repeats / genetics. Sequence Analysis, DNA

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  • (PMID = 18422842.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1132
  • [Journal-full-title] Transfusion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transfusion
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA-B Antigens; 0 / HLA-C Antigens
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12. Miettinen M, Kraszewska E, Sobin LH, Lasota J: A nonrandom association between gastrointestinal stromal tumors and myeloid leukemia. Cancer; 2008 Feb 1;112(3):645-9
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  • [Title] A nonrandom association between gastrointestinal stromal tumors and myeloid leukemia.
  • These tumors most commonly occur in the stomach and small intestine and encompass a clinical spectrum from benign to malignant.
  • BACKGROUND: Nine patients (2 with gastric GISTs and 7 with GISTs of the small intestine) developed myeloid leukemia.
  • There were 6 patients (4 women and 2 men) with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), including 1 case of promyelocytic and 1 case of myelomonocytic leukemia, and 3 patients (2 men and 1 woman) with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
  • RESULTS: The leukemias developed 1.7 to 21 years after the GIST (median interval, 6 years).
  • None of the GIST patients had received radiotherapy or chemotherapy prior to the leukemia diagnosis.
  • Eight of 9 patients died of leukemia, and none died of GIST.
  • Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated comparing the incidences of AML/CMLs in GIST patients with those in the 2000 through 2003 U.S. population.
  • In GIST patients, the risk of AML was found to be significantly higher for women (SIR of 5.14; 95% CI, 1.34-11.4) and overall (SIR of 2.96; 95% CI, 1.07-5.8).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Additional epidemiologic, clinical, and pathogenetic studies are needed to understand the apparent nonrandom association between GIST and myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / epidemiology. Intestinal Neoplasms / epidemiology. Leukemia, Myeloid / epidemiology. Stomach Neoplasms / epidemiology


13. Mayayo E, Landeyro J, Stchigel AM, Gazzoni A, Capilla J: [Perineural spread by fungal cells. Case report and literature review]. Rev Iberoam Micol; 2010 Jun 30;27(2):94-7
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  • [Transliterated title] Infiltración perineural por células fúngicas. Presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura.
  • We present a clinical case of a 73-year-old male, with diabetes and acute myelomonocytic leukaemia that began with tumefaction on the left side of his face, spreading to the sinus with invasion of the soft tissues and fistulae in the oral cavity.
  • Clinical examination showed cerebral involvement.
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Blast Crisis / complications. Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / complications. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Immunocompromised Host. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / complications. Lung Diseases, Fungal / microbiology. Male

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Revista Iberoamericana de Micología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20347372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1130-1406
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista iberoamericana de micología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Iberoam Micol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Number-of-references] 18
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14. Sutherland DR, Kuek N, Davidson J, Barth D, Chang H, Yeo E, Bamford S, Chin-Yee I, Keeney M: Diagnosing PNH with FLAER and multiparameter flow cytometry. Cytometry B Clin Cytom; 2007 May;72(3):167-77
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  • BACKGROUND: PNH is an acquired hematopoietic stem cell disorder leading to a partial or absolute deficiency of all glycophosphatidyl-inositol (GPI)-linked proteins.
  • The classical approach to diagnosis of PNH by cytometry involves the loss of at least two GPI-linked antigens on RBCs and neutrophils.
  • We also observed abnormal FLAER staining of blast populations in acute leukemia.
  • CONCLUSION: FLAER combined with multiparameter flow cytometry offers an improved assay for diagnosis and monitoring of PNH clones and may have utility in detection of unsuspected myeloproliferative disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Flow Cytometry / methods. Fluorescent Dyes. Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal / diagnosis. Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, CD14 / metabolism. Antigens, CD45 / metabolism. Antigens, CD59 / metabolism. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / metabolism. Bacterial Toxins. Drug Stability. Erythrocytes / metabolism. Hematologic Diseases / diagnosis. Humans. Reagent Kits, Diagnostic. Sensitivity and Specificity. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2007 Clinical Cytometry Society.
  • (PMID = 17285629.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-4949
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytometry. Part B, Clinical cytometry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytometry B Clin Cytom
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / Antigens, CD59; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / Bacterial Toxins; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Fluorescent Dyes; 0 / Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins; 0 / Reagent Kits, Diagnostic; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; 0 / proaerolysin; 101754-01-2 / CD59 protein, human; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45; EC 3.1.3.48 / PTPRC protein, human
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15. Sakagami H, Kishino K, Kobayashi M, Hashimoto K, Iida S, Shimetani A, Nakamura Y, Takahashi K, Ikarashi T, Fukamachi H, Satoh K, Nakashima H, Shimizu T, Takeda K, Watanabe S, Nakamura W: Selective antibacterial and apoptosis-modulating activities of mastic. In Vivo; 2009 Mar-Apr;23(2):215-23
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  • Among a total of thirteen human cell types, promyelocytic leukemia HL-60 was the most sensitive to the cytotoxicity of mastic, followed by myeloblastic leukemia (ML-1, KG-1), erythroleukemia (K-562), oral squamous cell carcinoma (HSC-2, HSC-3, HSC-4), hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2), glioblastoma (T98G, U87MG) and normal oral cells (gingival fibroblast, pulp cell, periodontal ligament fibroblast, most resistant).

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  • (PMID = 19414406.001).
  • [ISSN] 0258-851X
  • [Journal-full-title] In vivo (Athens, Greece)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] In Vivo
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Infective Agents; 0 / Resins, Plant; 61789-92-2 / gum mastic; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 3; V10TVZ52E4 / Putrescine
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16. Corazza F, Hermans C, D'Hondt S, Ferster A, Kentos A, Benoît Y, Sariban E: Circulating thrombopoietin as an in vivo growth factor for blast cells in acute myeloid leukemia. Blood; 2006 Mar 15;107(6):2525-30
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  • [Title] Circulating thrombopoietin as an in vivo growth factor for blast cells in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • We studied patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) and used TPO-induced c-fos protein up-regulation as a marker of c-mpl functionality and observed that c-mpl-presenting blast cells were present in 62% (37 of 60) of patients with ALL but that c-mpl was nonfunctional in 0 of 28 patients and that they were present in 56% (22 of 39) of patients with AML and were functional in 43% (12 of 28).
  • Adequate increases in serum TPO level in response to thrombocytopenia were seen in patients with ALL and with c-mpl-deficient (c-mpl-) AML.
  • In contrast, in patients with c-mpl-proficient (c-mpl+) AML, TPO levels were found to be inappropriately low but increased to expected values during induction chemotherapy as blasts disappeared.
  • In vitro significant TPO-associated blast cell proliferation or decreased apoptosis was observed only in patients with c-mpl+ AML compared with ALL or c-mpl- AML and was highly correlated with low in vivo TPO levels (P < .001).
  • These data suggest that, in patients with AML, inadequate TPO levels are secondary to TPO clearing by functional c-mpl receptor myeloid blast cells and that TPO may serve as an in vivo myeloid leukemic growth factor in a significant number of patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Blast Crisis / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. Thrombopoietin / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Apoptosis. Cell Proliferation. Growth Substances / blood. Humans. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / analysis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / physiology. Receptors, Cytokine / analysis. Receptors, Cytokine / physiology. Receptors, Thrombopoietin. Thrombocytopenia / blood

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  • (PMID = 16317100.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Growth Substances; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Cytokine; 0 / Receptors, Thrombopoietin; 143641-95-6 / MPL protein, human; 9014-42-0 / Thrombopoietin
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17. Mallo M, Espinet B, Salido M, Ferrer A, Pedro C, Besses C, Pérez-Vila E, Serrano S, Florensa L, Solé F: Gain of multiple copies of the CBFB gene: a new genetic aberration in a case of granulocytic sarcoma. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2007 Nov;179(1):62-5
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  • [Title] Gain of multiple copies of the CBFB gene: a new genetic aberration in a case of granulocytic sarcoma.
  • Granulocytic sarcomas (GS) are tumor masses of immature myeloid cells presenting at an extramedullary site, mainly the skin, bone, and lymph node.
  • They are often associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with monoblastic or myelomonocytic differentiation, including either AML M2 with t(8;21)(q22;q22) or AML M4Eo with inv(16)(p13q22).
  • We present a case diagnosed with GS associated with AML M4 that presented a normal karyotype with conventional cytogenetic analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor beta Subunit / genetics. Gene Dosage. Gene Duplication. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Myeloid / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17981216.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CBFB protein, human; 0 / Core Binding Factor beta Subunit
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18. Liu LB, Li WM, He W, Zhang M, Xiao J, Zhong ZD, Li L, Zou P: [Blocking the escape of leukemic cells from killing of T cell by combining anti-Fas ribozyme and CD80-IgG fusion protein]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Dec 28;85(49):3469-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To study Fas expression regulation of cytotoxic T lymphocyte(CTL)via anti-Fas ribozyme, increasing of CD80 epitope on the surface of acute myelomonocytic leukemia cells by CD80-IgG fusion protein and their effects on the apoptosis and killing ability against acute myelomonocytic leukemia cells of CTL.
  • Then allogeneic mixed lymphocytes culture between the mouse spleen T cells transfected with pEGFP-RZ596 and WEHI-3 cells (mouse acute myelomonocyte leukemia cell line) incubated with CD80-IgG fusion protein was performed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antigens, CD80 / genetics. Antigens, CD80 / immunology. Antigens, CD80 / metabolism. Antigens, CD95 / genetics. Antigens, CD95 / immunology. Antigens, CD95 / metabolism. Blotting, Western. CHO Cells. Cell Line, Tumor. Coculture Techniques. Cricetinae. Cricetulus. Female. Green Fluorescent Proteins / genetics. Green Fluorescent Proteins / metabolism. Immunoglobulin G / genetics. Immunoglobulin G / immunology. Immunoglobulin G / metabolism. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / immunology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / metabolism. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transfection. Tumor Escape

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  • (PMID = 16686062.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD80; 0 / Antigens, CD95; 0 / Immunoglobulin G; 0 / RNA, Catalytic; 0 / Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins
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19. Freycon F, Trombert-Paviot B, Casagranda L, Bertrand Y, Plantaz D, Marec-Bérard P: Trends in treatment-related deaths (TRDs) in childhood cancer and leukemia over time: a follow-up of patients included in the childhood cancer registry of the Rhône-Alpes region in France (ARCERRA). Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Jun;50(6):1213-20
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  • [Title] Trends in treatment-related deaths (TRDs) in childhood cancer and leukemia over time: a follow-up of patients included in the childhood cancer registry of the Rhône-Alpes region in France (ARCERRA).
  • No difference was observed in treatment- and transplantation-related deaths in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), but OS was better in patients with AML (P = 0.02).
  • Severe graft-versus-host disease was also observed among patients with ALL (P = 0.036).
  • CONCLUSION: Although mortality declined, improved adherence to therapeutic guidelines and more restricted indications of allograft are needed to preclude further treatment- and transplantation-related deaths, particularly among those with leukemia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / mortality. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / therapy. Child. Cohort Studies. Female. France / epidemiology. Guideline Adherence. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / mortality. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / mortality. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Male. Practice Guidelines as Topic. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Registries

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18300318.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Erduran E, Tekelioglu Y, Karakas T, Gedik Y, Mert FM: Comparision of the apoptotic effects on lymphoblasts and on increase of myeloid lineage cells of a short-time, high-dose methylprednisolone and the conventional-dose prednisolone treatments in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2006 Oct-Nov;23(7):587-98
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comparision of the apoptotic effects on lymphoblasts and on increase of myeloid lineage cells of a short-time, high-dose methylprednisolone and the conventional-dose prednisolone treatments in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The authors compare the apoptotic effect on the lymphoblasts and the proliferative effect on the myeloid lineage cells of a short-course high-dose methylprednisolone (HDMP) and the conventional-dose prednisolone treatments in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • The apoptotic percentages of lymphpblasts and the percentages of blasts and myeloid lineage cells were determined after performing the bone marrow aspiration (BMA) at diagnosis on the 0th, 3rd, and 7th days of the treatments in all patients.
  • These findings indicate that a short-course HDMP treatment shows a more effective apoptosis on the lymphoblasts and on the increase of the myeloid lineage cells when compared to the prednisolone treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / drug effects. Lymphocytes / drug effects. Methylprednisolone / administration & dosage. Myeloid Cells / drug effects. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Prednisolone / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Antigens, CD / analysis. Antigens, CD13 / analysis. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / analysis. Cell Lineage. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3

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  • (PMID = 16928654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; EC 3.4.11.2 / Antigens, CD13; X4W7ZR7023 / Methylprednisolone
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21. Occhipinti E, Correa H, Yu L, Craver R: Comparison of two new classifications for pediatric myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative disorders. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2005 Mar;44(3):240-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: The category, cytology, cytogenetics (CCC) system for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and the pediatric WHO system for MDS/myeloproliferative disorder (MPD) have recently been proposed to characterize these diseases in pediatrics.
  • OBJECTIVE: We compare the CCC and pediatric WHO systems against each other and against the French, American, British (FAB) and adult WHO classifications in order to determine which more accurately classifies these diseases and predicts outcome.
  • METHODS: An 18-year retrospective review identified patients less than 18 years of age meeting CCC and/or pediatric WHO criteria for the diagnosis of MDS or MPD.
  • Eight developed acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) (seven died), one juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) (died), one chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) (currently in relapse), two died of complications, two responded to BMT, three have stable disease, one resolved.
  • Eleven patients were not classifiable by the pediatric WHO system, one of which progressed to AML and died.
  • Nine developed AML (8 died), 1 died of complications, 10 responded to treatment (BMT and/or chemotherapy).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Both the pediatric WHO and CCC systems are better able to classify MDS in children than the adult WHO and FAB classifications.
  • Children meeting these criteria are more likely to progress to AML or death.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Child. Disease Progression. Humans. Leukemia / classification. Leukemia / mortality. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies


22. Goardon N, Nikolousis E, Sternberg A, Chu WK, Craddock C, Richardson P, Benson R, Drayson M, Standen G, Vyas P, Freeman S: Reduced CD38 expression on CD34+ cells as a diagnostic test in myelodysplastic syndromes. Haematologica; 2009 Aug;94(8):1160-3
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  • Diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome can be difficult especially in cases with a low blast count and a normal karyotype.
  • We have studied samples from 100 myelodysplastic syndrome patients and as control samples; 70 non-clonal cytopenias, 5 subjects with normal hematology, 31 patients with acute myeloid leukemia and 11 with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia or myeloproliferative disorder.
  • This simple flow cytometric test may be of value in the routine clinical diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome, especially in cases with a low blast count and normal karyotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD34 / blood. Antigens, CD38 / blood. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19644143.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G1000729; United Kingdom / Department of Health / / ; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2719039
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23. Numakura K, Tsuchiya N, Habuchi T, Takahashi N: [Therapy related leukemia with 11q23 abnormality induced by chemotherapy consisted of docetaxel for advanced prostatic carcinoma: case report]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2009 Jul;100(5):580-5
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  • [Title] [Therapy related leukemia with 11q23 abnormality induced by chemotherapy consisted of docetaxel for advanced prostatic carcinoma: case report].
  • A balanced translocation involving 11q23 (MLL gene) could be observed in therapy related leukemia (TRL) patients generally treated with topoisomerase II inhibitors.
  • Herein, we report a patient who developed acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AMMoL) with t (9;. 11) (p22;.
  • Although, no disease progression of the prostatic carcinoma was observed, AMMoL with t (9;. 11) (p22;.
  • q23) translocation and clinical course.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Carcinoma / therapy. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / chemically induced. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Neoplasms, Second Primary. Prostatic Neoplasms / therapy. Taxoids / adverse effects. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 19663246.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Taxoids; 15H5577CQD / docetaxel
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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24. Fujisawa S, Naito K, Matsuoka T, Kobayashi M: Complete remission induced by gemtuzumab ozogamicin in a Jehovah's Witness patient with acute myelogenous leukemia. Int J Hematol; 2007 Jun;85(5):418-20
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  • [Title] Complete remission induced by gemtuzumab ozogamicin in a Jehovah's Witness patient with acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • We report an interesting case of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in a Jehovah's Witness patient.
  • The patient's diagnosis was AML (M4).
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoglycosides / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Jehovah's Witnesses. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17562618.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoglycosides; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Organic Chemicals; 0 / acrarubicin; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 93NS566KF7 / gemtuzumab
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25. Pan JL, Xue YQ, Jiang HY, He J, Wang W, Wu YF: [Application of reverse transcription-multiplex nested PCR to detect MLL rearrangement in AML-M4/M5]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Aug;22(4):444-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Application of reverse transcription-multiplex nested PCR to detect MLL rearrangement in AML-M4/M5].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the value of reverse transcription-multiplex nested PCR in detecting MLL rearrangement in lzAML-M4/M5.
  • Five common MLL fusion genes and MLL partial tandem duplication in 40 AML cases, including 12 M4 and 28 M5 were detected by reverse transcription(RT)-multiplex nested PCR.
  • CONCLUSION: RT-multiplex nested PCR is a powerful technique in the detection of MLL rearrangement for tentativelly diagnosed AML-M4/M5.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 16086288.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-9406
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue yi chuan xue za zhi = Zhonghua yixue yichuanxue zazhi = Chinese journal of medical genetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein
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26. Woo KS, Kim KE, Kim KH, Kim SH, Park JI, Shaffer LG, Han JY: Deletions of chromosome arms 7p and 7q in adult acute myeloid leukemia: a marker chromosome confirmed by array comparative genomic hybridization. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Oct 15;194(2):71-4
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  • [Title] Deletions of chromosome arms 7p and 7q in adult acute myeloid leukemia: a marker chromosome confirmed by array comparative genomic hybridization.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases with monosomy 7 (-7) and del(7q) comprise a heterogeneous subgroup.
  • The association of losses in 7q with myeloid leukemia suggests that this region contains a tumor suppressor gene or genes whose loss of function contributes to leukemic transformation or tumor progression.
  • In the present case, we identified a rare abnormality involving deletion of both arms of chromosome 7 presenting with a marker chromosome-like appearance in an AML patient.
  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy revealed acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Chromosome Deletion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics


27. Rangan A, Arora B, Rangan P, Dadu T: Florid plasmacytosis in a case of acute myeloid leukemia: A diagnostic dilemma. Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol; 2010 Jan;31(1):36-8
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  • [Title] Florid plasmacytosis in a case of acute myeloid leukemia: A diagnostic dilemma.
  • The association of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with plasmacytosis is a known, although rare event.
  • There are very few case reports documenting an increase in the number of plasma cells at the time of AML diagnosis.
  • Here, we present the case of a 65-year-old male diagnosed as acute myelomonocytic leukemia with exuberant plasmacytosis, which posed a difficulty in diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 20931021.001).
  • [ISSN] 0975-2129
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of medical and paediatric oncology : official journal of Indian Society of Medical & Paediatric Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2941603
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acute myeloid leukemia / myeloma / plasmacytosis
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28. Gutierrez JA, Pan YX, Koroniak L, Hiratake J, Kilberg MS, Richards NG: An inhibitor of human asparagine synthetase suppresses proliferation of an L-asparaginase-resistant leukemia cell line. Chem Biol; 2006 Dec;13(12):1339-47
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  • [Title] An inhibitor of human asparagine synthetase suppresses proliferation of an L-asparaginase-resistant leukemia cell line.
  • Drug resistance in lymphoblastic and myeloblastic leukemia cells is poorly understood, with several lines of evidence suggesting that resistance can be correlated with upregulation of human asparagine synthetase (hASNS) expression, although this hypothesis is controversial.
  • These observations represent direct evidence that potent hASNS inhibitors may prove to be effective agents for the clinical treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 17185229.001).
  • [ISSN] 1074-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemistry & biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chem. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK052064; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK059315; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK52064; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK59315
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Amino Acids, Sulfur; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; EC 6.3.1.1 / Aspartate-Ammonia Ligase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS447417; NLM/ PMC3608209
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29. Cruse JM, Lewis RE, Pierce S, Lam J, Tadros Y: Aberrant expression of CD7, CD56, and CD79a antigens in acute myeloid leukemias. Exp Mol Pathol; 2005 Aug;79(1):39-41
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  • [Title] Aberrant expression of CD7, CD56, and CD79a antigens in acute myeloid leukemias.
  • CD7 and CD56 expression at diagnosis has been associated with low remission rates and biological aggressiveness in a significant proportion of acute leukemias.
  • Among 46 patients with acute myeloid leukemia, we found CD7 expression in 15 cases (32.6%) and CD56 positivity in 10 patients (21.7%).
  • Six of these myeloid leukemia cases (13%) showed expression of both CD7 and CD56.
  • Among the 10 that were acute myeloblastic leukemia, 8 expressed CD7, 4 expressed CD56, and 4 were positive for CD79a.
  • Thus, these markers were expressed early in hemopoietic ontogeny in the lesser-differentiated acute myeloid leukemia subtypes, including FAB M0, M1, and M2.
  • Whereas CD7 and CD56 were each positive in 4 cases of acute myelomonocytic leukemia (FAB M4 subtype), there was no CD79a expression in the M4 cases.
  • CD7 is expressed by mature T cells, NK cells, and an immature myeloid cell subset.
  • By contrast, CD79a is a B cell marker that is assigned a high score of 2.0 in the differentiation of acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage in the WHO classification.
  • The aberrant expression of CD7, CD56, and CD79a, representing the capacity of these leukemias for trilineal expression of leukocyte differentiation antigens, portends a poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD56 / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD7 / biosynthesis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 16005710.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-4800
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental and molecular pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Mol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD56; 0 / Antigens, CD7; 0 / Antigens, CD79; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CD79A protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell
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30. Ng KP, Soo-Hoo TS, Na SL, Tay ST, Hamimah H, Lim PC, Chong PP, Seow HF, Chavez AJ, Messer SA: The mycological and molecular study of Hortaea werneckii isolated from blood and splenic abscess. Mycopathologia; 2005 Jun;159(4):495-500
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  • We report the isolation of H. werneckii from blood and splenic abscess of two patients with acute myelomonocytic leukaemia. H. werneckii grew at room temperature but not at 37 degrees C, it was identified by biochemical tests, growth characteristics and the presence of conspicuous collarette intercalary on dividing yeast cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Fungemia / microbiology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / microbiology. Mitosporic Fungi / genetics. Mitosporic Fungi / isolation & purification. Splenic Diseases / microbiology

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  • (PMID = 15983734.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-486X
  • [Journal-full-title] Mycopathologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mycopathologia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Fungal
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31. Tarkun P, Hacıhanefioğlu A, Demirbağ E, Turgut T: Development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia during the treatment of a patient with acute myelomonocytic leukemia. Turk J Haematol; 2005 Jun 5;22(2):95-9
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  • [Title] Development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia during the treatment of a patient with acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [Transliterated title] Akut miyelomonositik lösemili bir hastanın tedavisi srasında ortaya çıkan otoimmün hemolitik anemi.

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  • (PMID = 27264668.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-7777
  • [Journal-full-title] Turkish journal of haematology : official journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk J Haematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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32. Mozziconacci MJ, Carbuccia N, Prebet T, Charbonnier A, Murati A, Vey N, Chaffanet M, Birnbaum D: Common features of myeloproliferative disorders with t(8;9)(p12;q33) and CEP110-FGFR1 fusion: report of a new case and review of the literature. Leuk Res; 2008 Aug;32(8):1304-8
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  • The 8p12 myeloproliferative syndrome is a rare, generally aggressive chronic myeloproliferative disorder (MPD).
  • We report here the tenth case of translocation (8;9)(p12;q33) in an acute myelomonocytic leukemia and provide a review of the literature that points to common syndrome features: the t(8;9)(p11;q33) MPD transforms rapidly, and always in myelomonocytic leukemia, with a possible B- or T-lymphoid involvement, which may include tonsil invasion.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Myeloproliferative Disorders / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / metabolism. Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1 / metabolism. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18096225.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1; EC 2.7.11.- / CEP110-FGFR1 fusion protein, human
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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33. Tefferi A, Elliott MA, Pardanani A: Atypical myeloproliferative disorders: diagnosis and management. Mayo Clin Proc; 2006 Apr;81(4):553-63
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  • [Title] Atypical myeloproliferative disorders: diagnosis and management.
  • Myeloid disorders constitute a subgroup of hematological malignancies that is separate from lymphoid disorders.
  • The World Health Organization system for classification of tumors of the hematopoietic system divides myeloid disorders into acute myeloid leukemia and chronic myeloid disorders based on the presence or absence, respectively, of acute myeloid leukemia--defining morphological and cytogenetic features including the presence of 20% or more myeloblasts in either the bone marrow or the peripheral blood.
  • A recently proposed semimolecular classification system for chronic myeloid disorders recognizes 3 broad categories: the myelodysplastic syndrome, classic myeloproliferative disorders (MPD), and atypical MPD.
  • Classic MPD includes polycythemia vera, essential thrombocythemia, myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia, and chronic myeloid leukemia.
  • The current review focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of both molecularly defined and clinicopathologically assigned categories of atypical MPD: chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia, chronic neutrophilic leukemia, chronic basophilic leukemia, chronic eosinophilic leukemia, idiopathic eosinophilia including hypereosinophilic syndrome, systemic mastocytosis, unclassified MPD, and eosinophilic/mast cell disorders associated with mutations of platelet-derived growth factor receptors alpha (PDGFRA) and beta (PDGFRB), FGFR1, and KIT.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Bone Marrow / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16610578.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-6196
  • [Journal-full-title] Mayo Clinic proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mayo Clin. Proc.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 173
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34. Pulsoni A, Iacobelli S, Bernardi M, Borgia M, Camera A, Cantore N, Di Raimondo F, Fazi P, Ferrara F, Leoni F, Liso V, Mancini M, Marmont F, Matturro A, Maurillo L, Melillo L, Meloni G, Mirto S, Specchia G, Valentini CG, Venditti A, Leone G, Foà R, Mandelli F, Pagano L: M4 acute myeloid leukemia: the role of eosinophilia and cytogenetics in treatment response and survival. The GIMEMA experience. Haematologica; 2008 Jul;93(7):1025-32
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  • [Title] M4 acute myeloid leukemia: the role of eosinophilia and cytogenetics in treatment response and survival. The GIMEMA experience.
  • BACKGROUND: Myelomonocytic acute myeloid leukemia (M4-AML) is frequently associated with the cytogenetic marker inv(16) and/or the presence of eosinophilia.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: Adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia consecutively enrolled in the GIMEMA trials AML10 and LAM99p were retrospectively analyzed.
  • RESULTS: Among 1686 patients, 400 cases of M4-AML were identified; of these, 78% had neither eosinophilia nor inv(16), 6% had eosinophilia only, 8% had inv(16) only and 8% had both.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In a large series of patients with M4-AML we confirmed the favorable role of inv(16), but the weight of this factor among the whole M4 population was of limited relevance.
  • Based on the results of this large case population, overall and relapse-free survival rates of patients with M4-AML are not significantly better than those of patients with non-M4 AML, while the concomitant presence of both inv(16) and eosinophilia was associated with a significantly improved prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytogenetics / methods. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Chromosome Inversion. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease-Free Survival. Eosinophilia / diagnosis. Eosinophilia / genetics. Humans. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18508801.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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35. Eliashar R, Resnick IB, Goldfarb A, Wohlgelernter J, Gross M: Endoscopic surgery for sinonasal invasive aspergillosis in bone marrow transplantation patients. Laryngoscope; 2007 Jan;117(1):78-81
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  • Demographic data, primary disease, comorbidities, signs and symptoms, blood test results, preparation for surgery, surgical technique, and outcome were recorded.
  • The primary disease was acute myelogenous leukemia in 6, acute lymphoblastic leukemia in 3, chronic myeloblastic leukemia in one, severe combined immunodeficiency disease in 2, and myelodysplastic syndrome in 2 patients.
  • Diagnosis was made by physical examination, biopsy, culture, and computed tomography scan.
  • Six patients died of the primary illness or of comorbidities with no evidence of residual disease.
  • CONCLUSION: Early detection of IA in BMT patients enables aggressive treatment before the disease spreads into the orbit or brain.
  • [MeSH-major] Aspergillosis / surgery. Bone Marrow Transplantation / adverse effects. Endoscopy / methods. Leukemia / complications. Opportunistic Infections / surgery. Paranasal Sinus Diseases / surgery


36. Mueller M, Calvo AR: Acute Shoulder Monoarthritis in a Patient With Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia With Novel Translocation t(5;13). World J Oncol; 2010 Feb;1(1):50-51
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  • [Title] Acute Shoulder Monoarthritis in a Patient With Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia With Novel Translocation t(5;13).
  • We present the case of a patient with acute myelomonocytic leukemia with trisomy 8 and novel translocation t(5;13).
  • In addition to acute leukemia she had debilitating left shoulder arthritis due to granulocytic sarcoma formation in the joint space.
  • Her leukemia was found to be primary refractory to chemotherapy and despite an attempt at salvage therapy she died 2 months after diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 29147181.001).
  • [ISSN] 1920-454X
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; 13) / Acute myelogenous leukemia / Arthritis / Hypercalcemia / t(5
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37. Sino US Leukemia Cooperative Group of Shanghai: [Clinical study of 572 adult acute leukemia patients in Shanghai according to WHO classification]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Jul;28(7):444-8
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  • [Title] [Clinical study of 572 adult acute leukemia patients in Shanghai according to WHO classification].
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate WHO classification of acute leukemia (AL) in Shanghai and compare the difference between WHO and FAB classification.
  • METHODS: Successive and unselected leukemia patients were referred to Sino-US Leukemia Cooperative Group of Shanghai from 2003 to 2006.
  • A total of 572 adult AL cases were diagnosed and classified according to WHO and FAB classification.
  • RESULTS: Of the 572 AL patients, 436 (76.2%) were diagnosed as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 119 (20.8%) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • The AML and ALL percentage ratio was 3.66: 1.
  • AML with recurrent cytogenetic abnormalities accounted for 35.3%, and with multilineage dysplasia for 13.1%, therapy-related AML accounted for 0.9%, and AML not otherwise categorized for 50.7%.
  • The percentage of therapy-related AML in Shanghai was lower than that in the Western.
  • According to FAB classification, AML-M4 was the most (38.5%) common subtype.
  • The percentage of AML-M3 and M4 in Shanghai were higher than that in the Western, but that of AML-M, was lower.
  • The incidence of karyotypic abnormalities in AML was 60.8%.
  • The incidence of AML with t (15;17) was higher than that in the Western.
  • Favorable cytogenetic risk group accounted for 30.6%, intermediate group for 51.5%, unfavorable group for 17.9% of AML.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The percentages of AML with t (15;17) and AML-M4 in Shanghai and the incidence of cytogenetic favorable group were higher than that in the Western.
  • It was different in WHO classification and karyotypic abnormalities of AML between Shanghai and the Western.
  • Comparing to the AL data of Shanghai Leukemia Group between 1984 and 1994, the percentage of AML-M4 was increased, but that of AML-M1 and M5 were decreased.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / classification
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. China. Female. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 18072625.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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38. Shimizu T, Kuromi A, Takeda K: Synergistic induction of gene expression during the differentiation into mature macrophage in human myeloblastic leukemia cells treated with TPA and KH1060. Leuk Res; 2009 Jun;33(6):803-9
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  • [Title] Synergistic induction of gene expression during the differentiation into mature macrophage in human myeloblastic leukemia cells treated with TPA and KH1060.
  • Treatment of human myeloblastic leukemia ML-1 cells with the phorbol ester TPA in combination with the vitamin D(3) analogue KH1060 will induce a synergistic differentiation to mature macrophage with multinuclei.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcitriol / analogs & derivatives. Cell Differentiation. Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Macrophages / cytology. Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 19144406.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 131875-08-6 / KH 1060; FXC9231JVH / Calcitriol; NI40JAQ945 / Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate
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39. Otsubo K, Kanegane H, Eguchi M, Eguchi-Ishimae M, Tamura K, Nomura K, Abe A, Ishii E, Miyawaki T: ETV6-ARNT fusion in a patient with childhood T lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2010 Oct 1;202(1):22-6
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  • [Title] ETV6-ARNT fusion in a patient with childhood T lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Leukemia with t(1;12)(q21;p13) was previously described in a 5-year-old boy with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML-M2) who exhibited a novel ETV6-aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) fusion protein.
  • We herein report the case of a 2-year-old boy with T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) harboring t(1;12)(q21;p13).
  • The ETV6-ARNT fusion is associated not only with AML but also with T-ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] ARNTL Transcription Factors / genetics. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20804916.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ARNTL Transcription Factors; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / Repressor Proteins
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40. Chang WR, Park IJ, Lee HW, Park JS, Kim HC, Kim HJ, Han JH, Cho SR: [Two cases of acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;21)(p11;q22) and TLS/FUS-ERG fusion transcripts]. Korean J Lab Med; 2009 Oct;29(5):390-5
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  • [Title] [Two cases of acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;21)(p11;q22) and TLS/FUS-ERG fusion transcripts].
  • Many AML-associated chromosomal abnormalities, such as t(8;21), t(15;17), inv(16), t(9;11), t(9;22) and t(6;9) are well known.
  • The chromosomal aberration of t(16;21)(p11;q22) in AML is rare and it is known to be associated with poor prognosis, young age (median age, 22 yr), and involvement of various subtypes of the French-American-British classification.
  • We report here 2 AML patients with t(16;21)(p11;q22), proved by conventional cytogenetics and/or reverse transcription (RT)-PCR.
  • One patient was a 24 yr-old male with acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • Although he received allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation after the first remission, he died 9 months after the initial diagnosis due to relapse of the disease and graft-versus-host disease.
  • The other patient was a 72 yr-old male with acute myeloid leukemia without maturation.
  • We suggest that the presence of t(16;21)(p11;q22) and/or TLS/FUS-ERG fusion transcripts has to be considered in cases of AML with erythrophagocytosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. RNA-Binding Protein FUS / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Graft vs Host Disease / diagnosis. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19893346.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Lab Med
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / RNA-Binding Protein FUS; 0 / TLS-ERG fusion protein, human
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41. Chou CY, Chien CH, Han YS, Prebanda MT, Hsieh HP, Turk B, Chang GG, Chen X: Thiopurine analogues inhibit papain-like protease of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Biochem Pharmacol; 2008 Apr 15;75(8):1601-9
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  • [Title] Thiopurine analogues inhibit papain-like protease of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus.
  • The papain-like protease of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (PLpro) (EC 3.4.22.46) is essential for the viral life cycle and therefore represents an important antiviral target.
  • Both 6MP and 6TG are still used extensively in clinics, especially for children with acute lymphoblastic or myeloblastic leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 18313035.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2968
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protease Inhibitors; 0 / Viral Proteins; E7WED276I5 / 6-Mercaptopurine; EC 3.4.22.- / 3C-like protease, SARS coronavirus; EC 3.4.22.- / Cysteine Endopeptidases; FTK8U1GZNX / Thioguanine
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42. Orazi A, Chiu R, O'Malley DP, Czader M, Allen SL, An C, Vance GH: Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia: The role of bone marrow biopsy immunohistology. Mod Pathol; 2006 Dec;19(12):1536-45
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  • [Title] Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia: The role of bone marrow biopsy immunohistology.
  • The World Health Organization criteria for diagnosing chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) are largely based on findings observed in the peripheral blood and bone marrow aspirate.
  • We examined whether bone marrow biopsy supplemented by immunohistochemistry may be helpful in distinguishing CMML from cases of chronic myelogenous leukemia and atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML).
  • We immunostained 25 cases of CMML with paraffin reactive antibodies which included CD68 (KP1), CD68R (PG-M1), and CD163, and compared the results with those observed in six cases of chronic myelogenous leukemia and in three cases of atypical CML.
  • In addition, we examined whether CD34 immunohistochemistry could be useful in separating cases of CMML with less than 10% blasts (type-1) from cases of CMML with blasts accounting for 10-19% (type-2), and cases of CMML in acute transformation to acute myeloid leukemia (blasts > or = 20%).
  • CD34 analysis allowed separating CMML type-1 from type-2 and the former from CMML in acute transformation.
  • CD123-positive plasmacytoid monocyte nodules were found only in CMML and not in the other two disease groups.
  • CD68R was more restricted to bone marrow macrophages and monocytes than CD68, but the differences between CMML and chronic myelogenous leukemia or atypical CML were still not significant.
  • Although CD42b immunostaining facilitated the detection of dwarf megakaryocytes often present in CMML, the distinction between those and the small forms seen in chronic myelogenous leukemia was still problematic.
  • [MeSH-major] Biopsy, Needle. Bone Marrow / pathology. Immunoenzyme Techniques / methods. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antigens, CD / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Karyotyping. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / genetics. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / metabolism. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / pathology. Male. Megakaryocytes / metabolism. Megakaryocytes / pathology. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 17041567.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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43. Dăscălescu A, Zlei M, Grigore G, Dănăila C, Jitaru D, Carasevici E: [Prognostic significance of leukemia-associated phenotype in correlation with other biologic markers in acute myeloid leukemia patients]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi; 2009 Oct-Dec;113(4):1176-81
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  • [Title] [Prognostic significance of leukemia-associated phenotype in correlation with other biologic markers in acute myeloid leukemia patients].
  • Leukemic cells have unique aberrant phenotypes, which permit identification of this cells at diagnose and in evolution of the disease.
  • The main aim of the current study is to identify correlation between recognized prognostic factors in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and other phenotypic markers.
  • MATERIAL AND METHOD: Imunophenotypic analysis (BDFACS CantoII, FACSDiva Software) was performed on peripheral blood/bone marrow aspirate samples of 56 patients diagnosed with AML (9 M0, 3 M1, 10 M2, 4 M3, 28 M4/M5, 1 M6, 1 M7) between 2007-2009 in Hematology Department of "Sf.
  • RESULTS: In our study, IL7R expression on AML blasts was significant correlate with low WBC count at diagnosis (p = 0.04) and with multilinear displasia (p = 0.01), high CXCR4 expression was correlate (p = 0.05) with lack of response at first induction therapy and CD123 (IL3Ra) expression was correlate with M4 FAB phenotype.
  • Survival was negative influenced by presence of IL3R on AML blasts, but flt3 mutations, CXCR4, IL7R expression on leukemic cells, other phenotypic aberrancies did not influenced treatment response and survival in our patients population.
  • CONCLUSION: Complete investigation of leukemic cells phenotype extended with cytokines/chemokines receptors at diagnostic is useful for correct characterization of the disease, for discover new prognostic categories and for better identification of minimal residual disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Receptors, Chemokine / blood. Receptors, Cytokine / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Phenotype. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. Receptors, CCR5 / blood. Receptors, CXCR4 / blood. Receptors, Interleukin-3 / blood. Receptors, Interleukin-7 / blood. Retrospective Studies. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 20191895.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7848
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti din Iaş̧i
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi
  • [Language] rum
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Romania
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, CCR5; 0 / Receptors, CXCR4; 0 / Receptors, Chemokine; 0 / Receptors, Cytokine; 0 / Receptors, Interleukin-3; 0 / Receptors, Interleukin-7
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44. Astashkin EI, Suvorov NI, Mikhailova AA, Grachev SV: Change in the Ca2+ response to formyl peptide in HL-60 myeloblastic leukemia cells after the induction of their differentiation by MP-4 myelogenic peptide. Dokl Biol Sci; 2006 May-Jun;408:265-8
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  • [Title] Change in the Ca2+ response to formyl peptide in HL-60 myeloblastic leukemia cells after the induction of their differentiation by MP-4 myelogenic peptide.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcium / metabolism. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Oligopeptides / therapeutic use

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  • [ISSN] 0012-4966
  • [Journal-full-title] Doklady biological sciences : proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Biological sciences sections
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dokl. Biol. Sci.
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45. Pânzaru C, Dan M, Burcoveanu C, Mereuţă A, Buiuc D: Disseminated infection due to Candida guilliermondii in a patient with AML(M4). Case study. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi; 2006 Jul-Sep;110(3):727-30
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  • [Title] Disseminated infection due to Candida guilliermondii in a patient with AML(M4). Case study.
  • A 43-year-old patient admitted with acute myelogenous leukemia, developed bronchopneumonia and sepsis during profound neutropenia.
  • After a few days of therapy with Voriconazol, fever disappeared and the clinical state of patient was improved.
  • [MeSH-major] Candida / isolation & purification. Candidiasis / complications. Fungemia / microbiology. Immunocompromised Host. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications

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  • (PMID = 17571574.001).
  • [ISSN] 0048-7848
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti din Iaş̧i
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Romania
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Pyrimidines; 0 / Triazoles; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B; 8VZV102JFY / Fluconazole; JFU09I87TR / Voriconazole
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46. Shen M, Yen A: c-Cbl tyrosine kinase-binding domain mutant G306E abolishes the interaction of c-Cbl with CD38 and fails to promote retinoic acid-induced cell differentiation and G0 arrest. J Biol Chem; 2009 Sep 18;284(38):25664-77
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  • Retinoic acid (RA) causes HL-60 human myeloblastic leukemia cell myeloid differentiation that is dependent on MAPK signaling.
  • Unlike wild-type (WT) c-Cbl, the G306E mutant c-Cbl fails to propel RA-induced differentiation, and disrupts the normal association with CD38.

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  • (PMID = 19635790.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-351X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of biological chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Biol. Chem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Multiprotein Complexes; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-vav; 0 / SLP-76 signal Transducing adaptor proteins; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; EC 2.7.11.24 / p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38; EC 3.2.2.5 / CD38 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.- / CBL protein, human; EC 6.3.2.- / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2757968
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47. Steinherz PG, Shukla N, Kobos R, Steinherz L: Remission re-induction chemotherapy with clofarabine, topotecan, thiotepa, and vinorelbine for patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2010 May;54(5):687-93
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  • [Title] Remission re-induction chemotherapy with clofarabine, topotecan, thiotepa, and vinorelbine for patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: We determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of clofarabine when administered with topotecan, vinorelbine, thiotepa, and dexamethasone (TVTC) for children with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia, and observed the efficacy and toxicities of this therapy.
  • PROCEDURE: Twelve patients with acute lymphoblastic or myeloblastic leukemia were given a 14-day remission induction therapy.
  • Three patients had progressive disease.
  • One patient died on day 45 with marrow hypoplasia without evidence of leukemia.
  • CONCLUSION: TVTC has significant anti-leukemic activity in both acute lymphoblastic and myeloblastic leukemia.
  • This is the recommended dose for the phase II study in patients with refractory or relapsed leukemia, a population which has limited therapeutic options.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Salvage Therapy

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  • (PMID = 20205253.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 5V9KLZ54CY / Vinblastine; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine; 7M7YKX2N15 / Topotecan; 905Z5W3GKH / Thiotepa; Q6C979R91Y / vinorelbine
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48. Yen A, Varvayanis S, Smith JL, Lamkin TJ: Retinoic acid induces expression of SLP-76: expression with c-FMS enhances ERK activation and retinoic acid-induced differentiation/G0 arrest of HL-60 cells. Eur J Cell Biol; 2006 Feb;85(2):117-32
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  • Retinoic acid (RA) is known to cause MAPK signaling which propels G0 arrest and myeloid differentiation of HL-60 human myeloblastic leukemia cells.
  • A triple Y to F mutant SLP-76 known to be a dominant negative in T-cell receptor signaling failed to enhance RA-induced paxillin expression, but enhanced RA-induced ERK activation, differentiation and G0 arrest essentially as well as wild-type SLP-76.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing. Blotting, Western. Enzyme Activation. HL-60 Cells. Humans. Immunoprecipitation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / physiopathology. Mutation. Paxillin / genetics. Paxillin / physiology. Phosphorylation. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell / physiology. Signal Transduction. Superoxides / metabolism. Transfection. Up-Regulation / drug effects

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  • (PMID = 16439309.001).
  • [ISSN] 0171-9335
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cell biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cell Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Paxillin; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell; 0 / SLP-76 signal Transducing adaptor proteins; 11062-77-4 / Superoxides; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor; EC 2.7.11.24 / Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
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49. Anagnostopoulos C, Jadwat Y, Wood NH, Meyerov R, Lemmer J, Bouckaert M, Feller L: A report of oral extramedullary acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in an 8-year-old girl with newly diagnosed AML-M4Eo. SADJ; 2007 Oct;62(9):390, 392-3
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  • [Title] A report of oral extramedullary acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in an 8-year-old girl with newly diagnosed AML-M4Eo.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), characterized by proliferation of immature neoplastic myeloid cells, is uncommon in childhood.
  • We present a case of an 8-year-old girl with AML-M4Eo who had an extramedullary leukaemic tumour in the oral cavity.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Mouth Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Marrow Neoplasms / pathology. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Eosinophilia / pathology. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunophenotyping / methods. Sepsis / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18260548.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-4864
  • [Journal-full-title] SADJ : journal of the South African Dental Association = tydskrif van die Suid-Afrikaanse Tandheelkundige Vereniging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] SADJ
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] South Africa
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50. Lamkin TJ, Chin V, Varvayanis S, Smith JL, Sramkoski RM, Jacobberger JW, Yen A: Retinoic acid-induced CD38 expression in HL-60 myeloblastic leukemia cells regulates cell differentiation or viability depending on expression levels. J Cell Biochem; 2006 Apr 15;97(6):1328-38
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  • [Title] Retinoic acid-induced CD38 expression in HL-60 myeloblastic leukemia cells regulates cell differentiation or viability depending on expression levels.
  • Retinoic acid-induced expression of the CD38 ectoenzyme receptor in HL-60 human myeloblastic leukemia cells is regulated by RARalpha and RXR, and enhanced or prevented cell differentiation depending on the level of expression per cell.
  • Expression of CD38 enhanced retinoic acid-induced myeloid differentiation and G0 cell cycle arrest, but at higher expression levels, induced differentiation was blocked and retinoic acid induced a loss of cell viability instead.
  • In the case of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, induced monocytic differentiation was also enhanced by CD38 and not enhanced by higher expression levels, but without induced loss of viability.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD38 / metabolism. Cell Differentiation / drug effects. Cell Survival / drug effects. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Tretinoin / pharmacology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16329108.001).
  • [ISSN] 0730-2312
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cellular biochemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cell. Biochem.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / T32 ES007052
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Retinoic Acid; 0 / Retinoid X Receptors; 0 / retinoic acid receptor alpha; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38
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51. Forestier E, Schmiegelow K, Nordic Society of Paediatric Haematology and Oncology NOPHO: The incidence peaks of the childhood acute leukemias reflect specific cytogenetic aberrations. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2006 Aug;28(8):486-95
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  • [Title] The incidence peaks of the childhood acute leukemias reflect specific cytogenetic aberrations.
  • The correlation between age and karyotype was studied in 1425, 0 to 14.9 years old children who were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • Among B-cell precursor ALL cases, high white blood cell counts correlated with earlier age at diagnosis (rS=-0.23; P<0.001) being most evident for 11q23/MLL-aberrations, translocation t(12;21)(p13;q22), and high-hyperdiploidy.
  • Among acute myeloblastic leukemia patients, frequency peaks were found for those with MLL/11q23 rearrangements (peak: first year), Down syndrome (peak: second to third year), or cytogenetic abnormalities other than translocations t(8;21), t(15;17), and inv(16)/t(16;16) (peak: first to third year).
  • The epidemiology of the cytogenetic subsets of acute leukemias questions whether age as a disease-related prognostic parameter has any relevance in childhood leukemia clinical research beyond being a surrogate marker for more important, truly biologic features such as cytogenetic aberrations and white cell count at diagnosis.
  • Further research is needed to explore whether the 2 to 7 years age incidence peak in childhood ALL harbor yet unidentified cytogenetic subsets with the same natural history as the high-hyperdiploid and t(12;21)-positive leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Age Distribution. Child. Child, Preschool. Cohort Studies. Comorbidity. Cytogenetic Analysis / methods. Down Syndrome / diagnosis. Down Syndrome / epidemiology. Down Syndrome / genetics. Female. Humans. Incidence. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Karyotyping. Male. Ploidies. Recurrence. Registries / statistics & numerical data. Risk Factors. Scandinavian and Nordic Countries / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 16912588.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Chen LJ, Li JY, Wu YJ, Yang H, Qian SX, Wu HX, Lu H, Xu W, Sheng RL: [Immunophenotyping characteristics of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Aug;15(4):692-5
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  • [Title] [Immunophenotyping characteristics of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the immunophenotypic characteristics of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • Myeloid antigen expression was identified in 31 out of 136 cases (22.79%).
  • The positive rate of myeloid antigen expression in CD34(+) T-ALL (36.58%) was significantly higher than that in CD34(-) T-ALL (15.38%) (p < 0.01).
  • It is concluded that immunophenotyping is an important tool for diagnosis of T-ALL.

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  • (PMID = 17708784.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3
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53. Wirk B, Wingard JR: Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Transpl Infect Dis; 2009 Apr;11(2):143-8
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  • The diagnosis of strongyloidiasis can be difficult because of intermittent larval output in stool and nonspecific symptoms with mild peripheral eosinophilia.
  • In this case report, a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia underwent peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and was subsequently diagnosed with strongyloidiasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects. Immunocompromised Host. Strongyloides stercoralis. Strongyloidiasis / diagnosis. Superinfection / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Animals. Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid / parasitology. Eosinophilia / diagnosis. Eosinophilia / immunology. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunosuppressive Agents / adverse effects. Immunosuppressive Agents / therapeutic use. Ivermectin / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19144095.001).
  • [ISSN] 1399-3062
  • [Journal-full-title] Transplant infectious disease : an official journal of the Transplantation Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transpl Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antirheumatic Agents; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 70288-86-7 / Ivermectin
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54. McGrattan P, Humphreys M, Hull D, McMullin MF: Transformation of cytogenetically normal chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia to an acute myeloid leukaemia and the emergence of a novel +13, +15 double trisomy resulting in an adverse outcome. Ulster Med J; 2007 Sep;76(3):131-5
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  • [Title] Transformation of cytogenetically normal chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia to an acute myeloid leukaemia and the emergence of a novel +13, +15 double trisomy resulting in an adverse outcome.
  • A diagnosis of chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) was made.
  • BM aspirate analysis also revealed 89% myeloid blasts and G-banding detected the emergence of an abnormal clone harbouring an extra copy of chromosomes 13 and 15.
  • A diagnosis of disease transformation to acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) was made.
  • Post chemotherapy BM aspirate was very hypocellular and the abnormal +13, +15 clone was still present suggesting primary refractory disease.
  • The patient died 11 weeks later, five months after AML transformation.
  • This is the first description of a cytogenetically normal CMML patient transforming to AML with the emergence of a unique +13, +15 double trisomy resulting in an adverse outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 13 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / genetics. Trisomy / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cytogenetics. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17853637.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-6193
  • [Journal-full-title] The Ulster medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ulster Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Northern Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2075573
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55. Wang HF, Cheng YZ, Wang HP, Chen ZM, Lou JY, Jin J: CD19-positive acute myeloblastic leukemia with trisomy 21 as a sole acquired karyotypic abnormality. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B; 2009 Nov;10(11):833-8
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  • [Title] CD19-positive acute myeloblastic leukemia with trisomy 21 as a sole acquired karyotypic abnormality.
  • We report that a 63-year-old Chinese female had acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) in which trisomy 21 (+21) was found as the sole acquired karyotypic abnormality.
  • A diagnosis of CD19-positive AML-M5 was established with trisomy 21 as a sole acquired karyotypic abnormality.
  • The patient did not respond well to chemotherapy and died three months after the diagnosis.
  • This is the first reported case of CD19-positive AML with trisomy 21 as the sole cytogenetic abnormality.
  • The possible prognostic significance of the finding in AML with +21 as the sole acquired karyotypic abnormality was discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD19 / biosynthesis. Down Syndrome / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD34 / biosynthesis. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / biosynthesis. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Female. HLA-DR Antigens / metabolism. Humans. Immunophenotyping. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Middle Aged. Peroxidase / metabolism. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 19882758.001).
  • [ISSN] 1862-1783
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Zhejiang Univ Sci B
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2772888
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56. Mansoor S, Nasir-Ud-Din, Azam M, Jamshed A: Generalized cutaneous granulocytic sarcoma with joint involvement. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2010 May;20(5):339-40
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  • [Title] Generalized cutaneous granulocytic sarcoma with joint involvement.
  • Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is a rare extra medullary solid tumour composed of immature myeloid cells.
  • We report a case of generalized cutaneous granulocytic sarcoma with ankle joint involvement who subsequently developed AML-M4.
  • [MeSH-major] Ankle Joint. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Sarcoma / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20642930.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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57. Della Porta MG, Malcovati L, Boveri E, Travaglino E, Pietra D, Pascutto C, Passamonti F, Invernizzi R, Castello A, Magrini U, Lazzarino M, Cazzola M: Clinical relevance of bone marrow fibrosis and CD34-positive cell clusters in primary myelodysplastic syndromes. J Clin Oncol; 2009 Feb 10;27(5):754-62
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  • [Title] Clinical relevance of bone marrow fibrosis and CD34-positive cell clusters in primary myelodysplastic syndromes.
  • PURPOSE: We studied bone marrow (BM) histologic abnormalities in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) classified according to WHO criteria to determine their clinical correlates and prognostic value.
  • In multivariable analysis, BM fibrosis and presence of CD34+ cell clusters had independent negative impact on overall survival (P < .001 and P = .019, respectively) and leukemia-free survival (P < .001 and P = .004, respectively).
  • A hierarchical clustering analysis identified three subsets of patients with distinct clinical features.
  • One cluster consisted mainly of patients with BM fibrosis, multilineage dysplasia, and high transfusion requirement; these individuals had lower overall survival and leukemia-free survival (P = .001 and P < .001, respectively).
  • CONCLUSION: BM fibrosis identifies a distinct subgroup of MDS with multilineage dysplasia, high transfusion requirement, and poor prognosis and represents an independent prognostic factor that may be useful in clinical decision making.
  • Furthermore, the presence of CD34+ cell clusters is an independent risk factor for progression to acute leukemia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fibrosis. Humans. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies


58. Zhao W, Claxton DF, Medeiros LJ, Lu D, Vadhan-Raj S, Kantarjian HM, Nguyen MH, Bueso-Ramos CE: Immunohistochemical analysis of CBFbeta-SMMHC protein reveals a unique nuclear localization in acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13q22). Am J Surg Pathol; 2006 Nov;30(11):1436-44
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  • [Title] Immunohistochemical analysis of CBFbeta-SMMHC protein reveals a unique nuclear localization in acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13q22).
  • The inv(16)(p13q22) or, less commonly the t(16;16)(p13;q22), is characteristic of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with abnormal bone marrow eosinophils, also known as AML-M4Eo.
  • This abnormality creates a fusion gene, 5' core binding factor beta (CBF-beta) gene and the 3' MYH11 gene, the latter encoding smooth muscle myosin heavy chain gene (SMMHC).
  • Detection of this abnormality is important for diagnosis and is most commonly done by cytogenetics or molecular methods.
  • In this study, we determined the utility of immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence methods using a rabbit polyclonal antibody (AH107) against the C-terminus of the CBFbeta-SMMHC chimeric protein for diagnosis of AML-M4Eo.
  • Thirty-nine AML-M4Eo cases and 55 cases of other types of AML were evaluated.
  • Immunohistochemical analysis of routinely processed paraffin-embedded bone marrow sections showed that CBFbeta-SMMHC staining is predominantly nuclear in all cases of AML-M4Eo and is not nuclear in other AML types.
  • Four cases of AML-M4Eo double-stained for CBFbeta-SMMHC and CD34 showed the fusion protein in CD34-positive blasts.
  • Indirect immunofluorescence analysis of fresh bone marrow aspirate smears showed that AML-M4Eo blasts have a distinct nuclear microgranular or fine-speckled pattern of staining, with or without faint cytoplasmic staining.
  • By contrast, other types of AML and normal bone marrow specimens were either negative or had a nonspecific pattern of staining.
  • In summary, immunostaining for CBFbeta-SMMHC using either immunohistochemical or immunofluorescense analysis as described here reveals a distinctive pattern of staining for AML-M4Eo.
  • This approach is a specific, reliable, and convenient alternative to cytogenetic and molecular methods for the diagnosis of AML-M4Eo and may be particularly helpful in cases with indeterminate histologic features or in cases in which cytogenetic and molecular studies are either uninformative or not available.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Nucleus / metabolism. Chromosome Inversion. Immunohistochemistry. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17063086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0147-5185
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of surgical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Surg. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CBFB protein, human; 0 / Core Binding Factor beta Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; EC 3.6.4.1 / Myosin Heavy Chains
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59. Koga Y, Matsuzaki A, Suminoe A, Washitoh N, Hara T, Hara T, Tajiri T, Taguchi T: Treatment-related acute myelomonocytic leukemia with t(11;19) in a child following chemotherapy for hepatoblastoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Apr;50(4):943-4
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  • [Title] Treatment-related acute myelomonocytic leukemia with t(11;19) in a child following chemotherapy for hepatoblastoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Hepatoblastoma / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / chemically induced. Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasms, Second Primary / chemically induced. Translocation, Genetic


60. Zhang JH, Zheng YC, Wang YX, Zhang JY, Liu ZG: Enlarged and prominent nucleus may be indicative of tetraploidy: a laboratory study of a rare near-tetraploidy in a child patient with acute myelogenous leukemia AML-M4. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Jan;32(1):19-21
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  • [Title] Enlarged and prominent nucleus may be indicative of tetraploidy: a laboratory study of a rare near-tetraploidy in a child patient with acute myelogenous leukemia AML-M4.
  • SUMMARY: Near-tetraploidy is a rare cytogenetic abnormality in myelocytic malignancies in children and its significance is unknown.
  • To investigate the pathologic characteristics of a near-tetraploidy in a child with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML-M4), bone marrow smears were prepared for morphologic analysis.
  • Combined with morphologic and immunophenotypic results, the diagnosis was established as acute myelogenous leukemia (AML-M4).
  • Near-tetraploidy is an uncommon cytogenetic finding, and the experience of this case further emphasizes the importance of the laboratory diagnostic methods.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Nucleus / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Polyploidy

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  • (PMID = 19816206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Yan Q, Jiang Z, Yang S, Deng W, Han L: A novel homodimeric lectin from Astragalus mongholicus with antifungal activity. Arch Biochem Biophys; 2005 Oct 1;442(1):72-81
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  • A novel lectin (AMML) was isolated from a Chinese herb, i.e., the roots of Astragalus mongholicus, using a combination of ammonium sulfate fraction and ion exchange chromatographies.
  • The molecular mass of intact AMML was determined to be 66,396 Da by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and 61.8 kDa by gel filtration, respectively.
  • AMML was a dimeric protein composed of two identical subunits each with a molecular mass of 29.6 kDa.
  • N-terminal amino acid sequence of AMML was determined as ESGINLQGDATLANN.

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  • (PMID = 16140255.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-9861
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of biochemistry and biophysics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Biochem. Biophys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Blood Group Antigens; 0 / Glycoproteins; 0 / Lectins; SU46BAM238 / Ammonium Sulfate; X2RN3Q8DNE / Galactose
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62. Struhal W, Oberndorfer S, Lahrmann H, Lindeck-Pozza E, Hess B, Nussgruber V, Pöhnl R, Dobner T, Grisold W: Myeloid sarcoma in the central nervous system: case report and review of the literature. Acta Clin Croat; 2008 Mar;47(1):19-24
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  • [Title] Myeloid sarcoma in the central nervous system: case report and review of the literature.
  • Myeloid sarcomas are rare manifestations of mainly myeloblastic leukemia.
  • A case is added herewith and a review was performed to investigate clinical characteristics and treatment options of central nervous system myeloid sarcoma.
  • A 61-year-old female with acute myeloblastic leukemia (FAB M5) and progressive left sided hemiparesis showed a right parieto-occipital epidural lesion mimicking meningioma.
  • Partial resection was performed to reveal a myeloid sarcoma.
  • Reviewing the literature we identified 44 cases with sufficient description of the diagnosis, treatment and follow up to one year.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Neoplasms / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary. Occipital Lobe. Parietal Lobe. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18714643.001).
  • [ISSN] 0353-9466
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta clinica Croatica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Clin Croat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Croatia
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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63. Kiss F, Simon A, Csáthy L, Hevessy Z, Katona E, Kiss C, Kappelmayer J: A coagulation factor becomes useful in the study of acute leukemias: studies with blood coagulation factor XIII. Cytometry A; 2008 Mar;73(3):194-201
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A coagulation factor becomes useful in the study of acute leukemias: studies with blood coagulation factor XIII.
  • By using 3- and 4-color flow cytometry FXIII expression was investigated in normal peripheral blood and bone marrow samples and in acute myeloblastic (AML) and lymphoblastic (ALL) leukemia cases.
  • In samples derived from patients with AML M4 and M5, FXIII-A sensitively identified blast cells.
  • These data provide evidence that FXIII-A is a sufficiently sensitive marker in differentiating myeloblasts and monoblasts and is suitable for identifying leukemia-associated phenotypes in ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Factor XIII / chemistry. Factor XIII / physiology. Leukemia / blood. Leukemia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Animals. Blood Platelets / chemistry. Blood Platelets / metabolism. Blood Platelets / pathology. Flow Cytometry / methods. Humans. Monocytes / chemistry. Monocytes / metabolism. Monocytes / pathology

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2007 International Society for Analytical Cytology.
  • (PMID = 18000871.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-4930
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytometry. Part A : the journal of the International Society for Analytical Cytology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytometry A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 9013-56-3 / Factor XIII
  • [Number-of-references] 56
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64. Jo A, Tsukimoto I, Ishii E, Asou N, Mitani S, Shimada A, Igarashi T, Hayashi Y, Ichikawa H: Age-associated difference in gene expression of paediatric acute myelomonocytic lineage leukaemia (FAB M4 and M5 subtypes) and its correlation with prognosis. Br J Haematol; 2009 Mar;144(6):917-29
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  • [Title] Age-associated difference in gene expression of paediatric acute myelomonocytic lineage leukaemia (FAB M4 and M5 subtypes) and its correlation with prognosis.
  • Acute myeloid leukaemia, French-American-British M4 and M5 subtypes (AML-M4/M5) is frequently associated with MLL gene rearrangement and its incidence is relatively high among infants.
  • Clinically, paediatric AML-M4/M5 has been considered as an intermediate or undefined prognostic group.
  • In this study, we analysed gene expression of 40 paediatric AML-M4/M5 patients excluding inv(16) and t(8;21) patients, and found striking differences among the patients in an age-associated manner.
  • These results suggest that age is an important factor contributing to the biology of AML-M4/M5 and the sub-grouping procedures developed in this study could be a powerful tool to identify unfavourable risk patients within paediatric AML-M4/M5.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling. Gene Rearrangement. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis

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  • (PMID = 19120366.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein
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65. Monreal MB, Pardo ML, Pavlovsky MA, Fernandez I, Corrado CS, Giere I, Sapia S, Pavlovsky S: Increased immature hematopoietic progenitor cells CD34+/CD38dim in myelodysplasia. Cytometry B Clin Cytom; 2006 Mar;70(2):63-70
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  • METHODS: We analyzed the expression of CD38 and HLA-DR on CD34+ cells by flow cytometry in 36 patients with MDS, as well as in healthy donors (n = 12) and patients with other hematological disorders: non-Hodgkin lymphomas and multiple myeloma, both in complete remission (CR) (n = 32); acute lymphoblastic leukemia in CR (n = 17); de novo acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) at diagnosis (n = 22) and in CR (n = 37); and AML secondary to MDS at diagnosis (n = 19).
  • RESULTS: Compared to normal BM, the fraction of immature HPC, characterized as CD34+bright, intermediate FSC/SSC, and CD38dim, was significantly increased in high risk MDS and secondary AML, but not in low risk MDS, (P < or = 0.001, P = 0.03, and P = 0.7).
  • De novo AML showed decreased immature HPC.
  • High numbers of immature HPC correlated with higher IPSS risk groups (P = 0.05) and showed significant impact on disease progression (P = 0.03).
  • Increased immature HPC in high risk MDS and secondary AML may reflect blocked differentiation of CD34+ cells in these diseases.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Differentiation. Disease Progression. Female. Flow Cytometry. HLA-DR Antigens / immunology. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / diagnosis. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / immunology. Male. Middle Aged. Multiple Myeloma / diagnosis. Multiple Myeloma / immunology. Observer Variation. Phenotype. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Prognosis. Reproducibility of Results. Risk Factors

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 International Society for Analytical Cytology.
  • (PMID = 16470534.001).
  • [ISSN] 1552-4949
  • [Journal-full-title] Cytometry. Part B, Clinical cytometry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cytometry B Clin Cytom
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38
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66. Schwarzberg AB, Alexander CB, DeAngelo DJ, Helfgott SM: Clinical problem-solving. A joint venture. N Engl J Med; 2008 Jun 5;358(23):2496-501
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  • [Title] Clinical problem-solving. A joint venture.
  • [MeSH-major] Arthritis / etiology. Bone Marrow / pathology. Joints / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemic Infiltration / diagnosis. Skin / pathology. Synovial Fluid / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Dyspnea / etiology. Exanthema / etiology. Eye / pathology. Fatigue / etiology. Female. Humans. Leukocytes, Mononuclear. Middle Aged. Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / complications

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  • (PMID = 18525046.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4406
  • [Journal-full-title] The New England journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N. Engl. J. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 2P01CA 066996-11A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01CA68484
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Clinical Conference; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Tsavaris N, Kopterides P, Kosmas C, Siakantaris M, Patsouris E, Pangalis G: Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia associated with GnRH agonist treatment. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Mar;47(3):557-60
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  • [Title] Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia associated with GnRH agonist treatment.
  • Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults is a rare but well documented phenomenon.
  • This study reports on a 64-year-old male patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML-M4, according to the French-American-British classification) that was developed on a background of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and then underwent remission after treatment with the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) triptorelin for presumed prostate cancer.
  • To the author' knowledge, this is the first report of remission in an AML-M4 case associated with hormone manipulation.
  • [MeSH-major] Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone / agonists. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / drug therapy. Triptorelin Pamoate / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16396781.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 33515-09-2 / Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone; 57773-63-4 / Triptorelin Pamoate
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68. Takahashi W, Arai Y, Tadokoro J, Takeuchi K, Yamagata T, Mitani K: [Disappearance of a Philadelphia chromosome-positive clone and appearance of a -negative clone following treatment with imatinib mesylate in acute myelomonocytic leukemia]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2006 Feb;47(2):111-4
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  • [Title] [Disappearance of a Philadelphia chromosome-positive clone and appearance of a -negative clone following treatment with imatinib mesylate in acute myelomonocytic leukemia].
  • A 63-year-old female was diagnosed as having Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute myelomonocytic leukemia in June 2002.
  • The patient received monotherapy with imatinib mesylate or combination therapy with DCM and idarubicin/cytarabine, both of which failed in attaining disease remission.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic, Atypical, BCR-ABL Negative. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Piperazines / therapeutic use. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16529013.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Benzamides; 0 / Piperazines; 0 / Pyrimidines; 8A1O1M485B / Imatinib Mesylate
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69. Zuo Z, Lu WP, Yu JB, Li JM, Liao DY: [Extramedullary infiltration of acute monocytic leukemia/monoblastic sarcoma: a clinicopathologic and immunophenotype analysis of 5 cases]. Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi; 2008 Jan;37(1):27-30
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  • [Title] [Extramedullary infiltration of acute monocytic leukemia/monoblastic sarcoma: a clinicopathologic and immunophenotype analysis of 5 cases].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of extramedullary infiltration of acute monocytic leukemia/monoblastic sarcoma.
  • METHODS: Five cases of extramedullary infiltration of acute monocytic leukemia/monoblastic sarcoma were selected from 102 cases of myeloid sarcoma diagnosed during the period from 1990 to 2006.
  • Four of the 5 patients died of the disease, with the average survival time being 6.25 months.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Monoblastic sarcoma is a rare disease with poor prognosis.
  • It is almost impossible to distinguish monoblastic sarcoma from granulocytic sarcoma and other types of small round cell tumors on the basis of morphologic examination alone.
  • Immunohistochemistry is mandatory for a correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD15 / immunology. Antigens, CD45. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry / methods. Immunophenotyping. Male. Receptors, Cell Surface / immunology. Sarcoma / immunology. Sarcoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18509981.001).
  • [ISSN] 0529-5807
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua bing li xue za zhi = Chinese journal of pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD15; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD163 antigen; 0 / CD68 antigen, human; 0 / Receptors, Cell Surface; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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70. Italia KY, Colah R, Mohanty D: Evaluation of F cells in sickle cell disorders by flow cytometry -- comparison with the Kleihauer-Betke's slide method. Int J Lab Hematol; 2007 Dec;29(6):409-14
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  • Adult F cell numbers are raised in inherited haemoglobin disorders, such as beta-thalassaemia and sickle cell anaemia, hereditary persistence of foetal haemoglobin, and some acquired conditions, such as juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia, during acute erythropoietic stress and pregnancy.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Erythropoiesis. Female. Fetomaternal Transfusion / blood. Fetomaternal Transfusion / pathology. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Male. Pregnancy. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17988294.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of laboratory hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Lab Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9034-63-3 / Fetal Hemoglobin
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71. Ali R, Ozkalemkas F, Ozkocaman V, Ozcelik T, Akalin H, Ozkan A, Altundal Y, Tunali A: Hydatid disease in acute leukemia: effect of anticancer treatment on echinococcosis. Microbes Infect; 2005 Jul;7(9-10):1073-6
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  • [Title] Hydatid disease in acute leukemia: effect of anticancer treatment on echinococcosis.
  • Echinococcosis, also known as hydatid disease or hydatidosis, is a zoonotic illness caused by the larval form of Echinococcus spp.
  • We treated and followed approximately 1200 patients with different hematologic neoplastic diseases between 1985 and 2003, and only one of these individuals had concomitant acute leukemia and liver hydatidosis.
  • This report describes the case of a 19-year-old man who had both primary refractoriness of acute leukemia (AML-M4) and liver hydatidosis.
  • The patient underwent 3 months of treatment with agents that targeted the leukemia (daunorubicin, idarubicin, cytarabine, fludarabine) and its complications (amphotericin B, amphotericin B lipid complex, liposomal amphotericin B).

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  • (PMID = 15996888.001).
  • [ISSN] 1286-4579
  • [Journal-full-title] Microbes and infection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microbes Infect.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B
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72. Hisasue M, Nishimura T, Neo S, Nagashima N, Ishikawa T, Tsuchiya R, Yamada T: A dog with acute myelomonocytic leukemia. J Vet Med Sci; 2008 Jun;70(6):619-21
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  • [Title] A dog with acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • The dog was diagnosed with myelomonocytic leukemia (M4) because the blast cells were demonstrated by cytochemical staining to be both myeloid and monocytic cells.
  • This case is the first report of M4 in Japan.

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  • (PMID = 18628605.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 12001-79-5 / Vitamin K; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone
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73. Inukai T, Zhang X, Goto M, Hirose K, Uno K, Akahane K, Nemoto A, Goi K, Sato H, Takahashi K, Honna H, Kagami K, Nakamoto K, Yagita H, Okumura K, Koyama-Okazaki T, Nakazawa S, Sugita K: Resistance of infant leukemia with MLL rearrangement to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand: a possible mechanism for poor sensitivity to antitumor immunity. Leukemia; 2006 Dec;20(12):2119-29
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  • [Title] Resistance of infant leukemia with MLL rearrangement to tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand: a possible mechanism for poor sensitivity to antitumor immunity.
  • Immune escape mechanisms also contribute to the failure of graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT).
  • Infant leukemias with mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) rearrangement have a remarkably short latency, and GVL effect after allo-SCT has not been clearly evidenced in these leukemias.
  • We investigated the in vitro sensitivity of MLL-rearranged acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) cells to TRAIL- and FasL-mediated cytotoxicity.
  • Most of cell lines and primary leukemia cells were highly resistant to TRAIL primarily owing to low cell-surface expression of death receptors in ALL and simultaneous expression of decoy receptors in AML.
  • Nearly half of cell lines and majority of primary leukemia cells showed low sensitivity to FasL.
  • These results suggest that resistance to death-inducing ligands, particularly to TRAIL, could be one of the mechanisms for a rapid clonal expansion and a poor sensitivity to the GVL effect in infant leukemias with MLL rearrangement.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Rearrangement. Leukemia / immunology. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand / pharmacology. Tumor Escape
  • [MeSH-minor] Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Graft vs Leukemia Effect. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. NF-kappa B / antagonists & inhibitors. NF-kappa B / metabolism. Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17066095.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 0 / NF-kappa B; 0 / Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand; 0 / TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand; 0 / TNFSF10 protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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74. Karam A, Eveillard JR, Ianoto JC, Quinio D, Le Flohic AM, Le Roy JP, Misery L, Berthou C: [Disseminated cutaneous and visceral fusariosis in an aplastic patient: an unusual digestive entry]. Ann Dermatol Venereol; 2005 Mar;132(3):255-8
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  • We report a case of cutaneous and systemic fusariosis due to Fusarium moniliforme in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • CASE-REPORT: A 20 year-old male student was suffering from acute type 6 myeloblastic leukemia.
  • Treatment with voriconazole in association with transfusions of leukocytes led to clinical and microbiological cure.
  • DISCUSSION: In our case report, the clinical pattern starting with digestive symptoms suggested dissemination from a digestive site, which is very unusual in Europe.
  • [MeSH-major] Fusarium / pathogenicity. Mycoses / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 15924050.001).
  • [ISSN] 0151-9638
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de dermatologie et de vénéréologie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Dermatol Venereol
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Pyrimidines; 0 / Triazoles; 00DPD30SOY / Amsacrine; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; JFU09I87TR / Voriconazole
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75. Elouennass M, Doghmi K, Fagot T, Soler C, Mac Nab C, Foissaud V, De Revel T, Hervé V: [Hepatosplenic and kidneys candidasis complicating an acute myeloblastic leukemia. A case treated with voriconazole and caspofungin]. Ann Biol Clin (Paris); 2005 Jul-Aug;63(4):423-7
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  • [Title] [Hepatosplenic and kidneys candidasis complicating an acute myeloblastic leukemia. A case treated with voriconazole and caspofungin].
  • We report the observation of hepato-splenic and kidneys candidiasis complicating the chemotherapy of a myeloblastic leukemia (LAM5b).
  • [MeSH-major] Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Candidiasis / drug therapy. Kidney Diseases / microbiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / microbiology. Liver Diseases / microbiology. Peptides, Cyclic / therapeutic use. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use. Splenic Diseases / microbiology. Triazoles / therapeutic use


76. Wang C, Chen Z, Li Z, Cen J: The essential roles of matrix metalloproteinase-2, membrane type 1 metalloproteinase and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 in the invasive capacity of acute monocytic leukemia SHI-1 cells. Leuk Res; 2010 Aug;34(8):1083-90
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  • [Title] The essential roles of matrix metalloproteinase-2, membrane type 1 metalloproteinase and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 in the invasive capacity of acute monocytic leukemia SHI-1 cells.
  • The frequency of extramedullary infiltration (EMI) in acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) is reported up to 40% and most prevalent in myelo-monoblastic and monoblastic subtypes of AML (M4 and M5 according to FAB classification).
  • To explore mechanism underlying EMI, we analyzed SHI-1 cells, a highly invasive human acute monocytic leukemia cell line, and found their strong expression of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2), membrane type 1 MMP (MT1-MMP) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 (TIMP-2).
  • SHI-1 cells showed higher invasive ability to traverse reconstituted basement membranes (Matrigel) and stronger activation of proMMP-2 than other leukemia cell line such as NB4, K562, U937 and THP-1 cells.
  • Our study indicated that increasing TIMP-2 in AML patients with EMI may potentially cause adverse effects, particularly in patients containing high levels of MMP-2 and MT1-MMP.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / metabolism. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / pathology. Matrix Metalloproteinase 14 / metabolism. Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 / metabolism. Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2 / metabolism

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20138666.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drug Combinations; 0 / Laminin; 0 / Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors; 0 / Proteoglycans; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; 119978-18-6 / matrigel; 127497-59-0 / Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2; 9007-34-5 / Collagen; EC 3.4.24.24 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 2; EC 3.4.24.80 / MMP14 protein, human; EC 3.4.24.80 / Matrix Metalloproteinase 14
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77. Jackowska T, Steczowicz M, Pawelec K, Pacholska J: [Congenital leukaemia and transient myeloproliferative disorder: diagnostic difficulties--case reports]. Med Wieku Rozwoj; 2006 Jul-Sep;10(3 Pt 1):595-601
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  • [Title] [Congenital leukaemia and transient myeloproliferative disorder: diagnostic difficulties--case reports].
  • Congenital leukaemia occurs in only 0.8% of all cases of leukaemia in children.
  • Despite great progress in the treatment of childhood leukaemia, prognosis is still poor.
  • This type of leukaemia must be distinguished from leukaemic reactions and transient myeloproliferative disorder.
  • Transient myeloproliferative disorder is a rare condition in the neonatal period, connected with trisomy or other abnormalities of chromosome 21.
  • We present two cases: congenital leukaemia and transient myeloproliferative disorder.
  • The first patient was a boy in whom congenital myelomonoblastic leukaemia (M4 in FAB classification) was diagnosed at age of 6 weeks.
  • He was treated according to BFM-96 for acute myeloblasts leukaemia protocol, but there was no remission and he died of progressive congenital leukaemia after 4 months.
  • These cases confirm the difficulties in differentiation between congenital leukaemia and transient myeloproliferative disorder presented in literature.
  • In spite of the same haematological symptoms the only difference may be detection of nonhematopoietic tissue infiltration (skin and central nervous system) commonly occurring in congenital leukaemia or the presence of trisomy and other abnormalities of chromosome 21 in transient myeloproliferative disorder.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Lymphoid / congenital. Leukemia, Lymphoid / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / congenital. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Myeloproliferative Disorders / congenital. Myeloproliferative Disorders / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Down Syndrome / complications. Down Syndrome / diagnosis. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17317890.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna wieku rozwojowego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Wieku Rozwoj
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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78. Blatt J, Greenwood R, Weig S, Rao K, Fedoriw GD, Dent G: Isolated central nervous system relapse in an adolescent with acute myelomonocytic leukemia, Charcot Marie Tooth syndrome, and paraneoplastic autoantibody. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Oct;32(7):571-3
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  • [Title] Isolated central nervous system relapse in an adolescent with acute myelomonocytic leukemia, Charcot Marie Tooth syndrome, and paraneoplastic autoantibody.
  • A 17-year-old boy, with acute myelomonocytic leukemia and inversion 16(p13q22) developed polyneuropathy and isolated central nervous system relapse.
  • Scoliosis and high-arched feet suggested a diagnosis of Charcot Marie Tooth (CMT) syndrome and genetic testing confirmed duplication at the PMP22 locus at chromosome 17p11.12.
  • This case extends the clinical spectrum of cancer with CMT, and of paraneoplastic disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoantibodies / blood. Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease / immunology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / immunology. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20724950.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Myelin Proteins; 0 / PMP22 protein, human
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79. Akimkin VG, Ledin EV, Skvortsov SV, Rukavitsyn OA: [Incidence of hepatitis B virus infection in patients with blood disease]. Ter Arkh; 2007;79(11):28-31
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  • [Title] [Incidence of hepatitis B virus infection in patients with blood disease].
  • AIM: To define incidence of HBV infection in patients with blood diseases caused by blood components transfusion; correlation between infection rate and blood disease nosological entity, intensity of hemoreplacement therapy, time of hepatitis B incubation period in patients with hematological malignancies after the diagnosis and initiation of polychemotherapy (PCT).
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 2000-2007 a prospective clinicoepidemiological trial was made to detect markers of HBV infection among 303 patients 15 to 76 years of age treated in the department of acute leukemia chemotherapy of N.N.
  • Burdenko Military Hospital for acute lymphoid and myeloblastic leukemia, chronic myeloid leukemia in a blastic crisis, myelodysplastic syndrome in blast transformation, lymphoproliferative diseases with bone marrow affection.
  • Among the infected patients there were 16 (53.4%) patients with different variants of acute myeloblastic leukemia, 12 (40.0%) with different immunophenotypes of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 1 (3.3%) patient with acute biphenotypical leukemia and 1 (3.3%) with lymphoma/leukemia.
  • Most of the patients - 23 (74%) of 30 - were infected with HBV within the first year after hematological diagnosis and PCT induction course.
  • [MeSH-major] Hepatitis B / epidemiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / epidemiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18219969.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-3660
  • [Journal-full-title] Terapevticheskiĭ arkhiv
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ter. Arkh.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents; 0 / Biomarkers
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80. Wojcik I, Szybka M, Golanska E, Rieske P, Blonski JZ, Robak T, Bartkowiak J: Abnormalities of the P53, MDM2, BCL2 and BAX genes in acute leukemias. Neoplasma; 2005;52(4):318-24
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  • [Title] Abnormalities of the P53, MDM2, BCL2 and BAX genes in acute leukemias.
  • Abnormalities of the P53 network have been implicated in the pathogenesis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML).
  • The purpose of this study was to define P53 gene mutations, to detect MDM2 gene amplification and to estimate mRNA expression of P53, MDM2, BCL2 and BAX genes in patients with ALL and AML.
  • Twenty-five patients with ALL and 65 patients with AML, both recently diagnosed, were included into this study.
  • Mutation of the P53 gene was found in one patient of the 25 with ALL and in five patients of the 65 with AML.
  • One mutation in intronic sequence in ALL and four missense mutations and one silent nucleotide substitution in AML were identified.
  • Amplification of MDM2 gene was detected by multiplex-PCR analysis in only one sample from patient with ALL, but was not observed in any case of AML.
  • To gain further insight into the role of P53 network in the evolution of acute leukemias, the P53, MDM2, BCL2 and BAX mRNAexpressions in portion samples from patients with ALL and AML were analyzed using multiplex RT-PCR.
  • A high frequency of BCL2 mRNA overexpression and a relatively low frequency of BAX mRNA overexpression detected in both analyzed leukemias in this study, indicate that altered transcription of these genes may be involved in leukemogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Amplification. Gene Expression Profiling. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16059649.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BAX protein, human; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / bcl-2-Associated X Protein; EC 6.3.2.19 / MDM2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
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81. Shin S, Kahng J, Kim M, Lim J, Kim Y, Han K: [Distribution of antigenic aberration in the bone marrow of acute leukemia in complete remission]. Korean J Lab Med; 2008 Feb;28(1):1-7
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  • [Title] [Distribution of antigenic aberration in the bone marrow of acute leukemia in complete remission].
  • BACKGROUND: The aberrant, leukemia-associated antigen expression patterns allow us to discriminate leukemic blasts from normal precursor cells.
  • Our major goal was to determine a guideline for the detection of minimal residual disease using CD20+/CD34+ and myeloid Ag+/CD19+ combination in the bone marrow of acute leukemia in complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy.
  • METHODS: Bone marrow samples from 117 patients with acute leukemia in complete remission after chemotherapy and from 22 healthy controls were immunophenotyped by triple staining and measured by flow cytometry.
  • % (0.8plusmn;0.82%, P=0.000) in CD20+/CD34+ B-lineage ALL CR (N=31), from 0.03% to 4.2% (0.7plusmn;0.83%, P=0.000) in CD20-/CD34- B-lineage ALL CR (N=66), from 0.1% to 0.96% (0.45plusmn;0.32%, P=0.016) in T-ALL CR (N=10), and from 0.02% to 0.48% (0.18plusmn;0.15%, P=0.776) in AML CR (N=10).
  • The CD13,33+/CD19+ cells in R1 gate ranged from 0% to 2.69% (0.37plusmn;0.48%, P<0.001) in CD13,33+/CD19+ B-lineage ALL CR (N=31), from 0% to 1.8% (0.31plusmn;0.28%, P<0.001) in CD13,33-/CD19+B-lineage ALL CR (N=65), from 0.02% to 0.64% (0.29plusmn;0.22%, P=0.071) in T-ALL CR (N=9), and from 0% to 0.17% (0.07plusmn;0.09%, P=0.341) in AML CR (N=3).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Using an immunophenotypic method for the detection of early relapse or minimal residual disease of B-lineage ALL bone marrow in CR after chemotherapy, different cutoff values should be applied according to antigen combination and gating.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / classification. Leukemia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Antigens, CD19 / metabolism. Antigens, CD20 / metabolism. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / analysis. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / immunology. Flow Cytometry. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / classification. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Neoplasm, Residual. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 18309249.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Lab Med
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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82. Pulte D, Gondos A, Brenner H: Trends in survival after diagnosis with hematologic malignancy in adolescence or young adulthood in the United States, 1981-2005. Cancer; 2009 Nov 1;115(21):4973-9
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  • [Title] Trends in survival after diagnosis with hematologic malignancy in adolescence or young adulthood in the United States, 1981-2005.
  • METHODS: : Period analysis was used to calculate 5- and 10-year relative survival for adolescents and young adults diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), and chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML) for 5 5-year periods from 1981-1985 to 2001-2005, using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database.
  • Increases in 10-year relative survival between 1981-1985 and 2001-2005 were as follows: HL, from 80.4% to 93.4%; NHL, from 55.6% to 76.2%; ALL, from 30.5% to 52.1%; AML, from 15.2% to 45.1%; CML, from 0 to 74.5% (P < .001 in all cases).
  • However, although survival improved steadily throughout the period examined for the lymphomas and CML, survival was stable during the late 1990s and early 21st century for the acute leukemias.
  • However, with the exception of HL, survival rates have not reached the levels observed for children diagnosed with these malignancies, and survival expectations for patients with acute leukemia have stabilized at relatively low levels.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Hodgkin Disease / mortality. Humans. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / mortality. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / mortality. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / mortality. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality. Survival Rate. Time Factors. United States / epidemiology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19705347.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Koh G, Yamane T, Aoyama Y, Sakamoto C, Nakamae H, Hasegawa T, Terada Y, Hino M: [Acute myelomonocytic leukemia complicated with multiple lower intestinal ulcers induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2005 Jan;32(1):111-3
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  • [Title] [Acute myelomonocytic leukemia complicated with multiple lower intestinal ulcers induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs].
  • We report an 18-year-old woman with acute myelomonocytic leukemia, who developed massive lower intestinal bleeding following induction chemotherapy.
  • Colonoscopy revealed multiple circular ulcers but no infectious colitis or infiltration of leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects. Colonic Diseases / chemically induced. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / complications. Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage / chemically induced

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  • (PMID = 15675595.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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84. Reiterer G, Yen A: Platelet-derived growth factor receptor regulates myeloid and monocytic differentiation of HL-60 cells. Cancer Res; 2007 Aug 15;67(16):7765-72
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  • [Title] Platelet-derived growth factor receptor regulates myeloid and monocytic differentiation of HL-60 cells.
  • Here, we show that the platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) regulates myeloid and monocytic differentiation of HL-60 myeloblastic leukemia cells in response to retinoic acid (RA) and vitamin D3 (D3), respectively.
  • In addition, we found calcium levels to be decreased by RA and D3 but increased when AG1296 was given in addition to RA or D3, suggesting that calcium levels decrease during myeloid or monocytic differentiation, and elevated calcium levels can disturb the expression of certain differentiation markers.
  • [MeSH-major] Monocytes / pathology. Myeloid Cells / pathology. Receptors, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17699781.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-5472
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA33505; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK072105
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD11b; 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / CEACAM6 protein, human; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / Fc(alpha) receptor; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / ITGAM protein, human; 0 / Membrane Glycoproteins; 0 / Receptors, Fc; 0 / Tyrphostins; 0 / Ubiquitin; 146535-11-7 / 6,7-dimethoxy-3-phenylquinoxaline; 1C6V77QF41 / Cholecalciferol; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptors, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor; EC 2.7.11.24 / Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1; EC 2.7.11.24 / Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38; EC 3.2.2.5 / CD38 protein, human; SY7Q814VUP / Calcium
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85. Emerenciano M, Agudelo Arias DP, Coser VM, de Brito GD, Macedo Silva ML, Pombo-de-Oliveira MS, Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Infant Acute Leukemia: Molecular cytogenetic findings of acute leukemia included in the Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Infant acute leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2006 Oct 15;47(5):549-54
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  • [Title] Molecular cytogenetic findings of acute leukemia included in the Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Infant acute leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Chromosome abnormalities often occur prenatally in childhood leukemia, characterizing an early event in leukemogenesis.
  • We describe the molecular cytogenetic findings of 207 infant acute leukemia (IAL) cases included in the Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Infant acute leukemia.
  • PROCEDURE: The diagnosis of Acute Lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) was made according to morphology and immunophenotyping classification, followed by conventional karyotyping.
  • RESULTS: The characteristics of children with IAL were as follows: 115 boys and 92 girls, age range 0-23 months, mean age 12 months, 145 ALL, and 62 AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytogenetic Analysis / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16261608.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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86. Kuo MC, Liang DC, Huang CF, Shih YS, Wu JH, Lin TL, Shih LY: RUNX1 mutations are frequent in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and mutations at the C-terminal region might predict acute myeloid leukemia transformation. Leukemia; 2009 Aug;23(8):1426-31
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  • [Title] RUNX1 mutations are frequent in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and mutations at the C-terminal region might predict acute myeloid leukemia transformation.
  • RUNX1 mutations have rarely been reported in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).
  • We examined RUNX1 mutations in 81 patients with CMML at initial diagnosis.
  • There was no difference in overall survival between patients with and without RUNX1 mutations, but a trend of higher risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) progression was observed in mutation-positive patients (16/30 vs 17/51, P=0.102), especially in patients with C-terminal mutations (P=0.023).
  • The median time to AML progression was 6.8 months in patients with C-terminal mutations compared with 28.3 months in those without mutations (P=0.022).
  • C-terminal mutations might be associated with a more frequent and rapid AML transformation.
  • [MeSH-major] Blast Crisis / genetics. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / genetics. Mutation. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. DNA Mutational Analysis. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Disease Progression. Female. Genes, ras. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Protein Structure, Tertiary. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics


87. Chatterjee T, Mahapatra M, Dixit A, Naithani R, Tyagi S, Mishra P, Bhattacharya J, Dutta P, Pati HP, Choudhary DR, Kumar R, Choudhry VP, Saxena R: Primary myelodysplastic syndrome in children--clinical, hematological and histomorphological profile from a tertiary care centre in India. Hematology; 2005 Dec;10(6):495-9
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  • [Title] Primary myelodysplastic syndrome in children--clinical, hematological and histomorphological profile from a tertiary care centre in India.
  • We describe the clinical, hematological and histomorphological features in children of primary myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) seen at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences over three years (Jan 2001-Jan 2004).
  • A complete analysis of clinical features in conjunction with the bone marrow profile revealed 8 cases of refractory cytopenia (RC), 3 cases of refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB), 5 cases of refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation (RAEB-T), 4 cases of Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) and a solitary cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in Downs syndrome.
  • Three patients of RAEB-T progressed to AML within 3-4 months.
  • The solitary case of AML of Downs syndrome died 1.5 months after initial diagnosis.
  • Three cases of RAEB-T died (all had progressed to AML); the remaining 2 cases were lost to follow up.
  • Of the 4 cases of JMML 1 died within 6 months of diagnosis; the other 3 cases are under regular follow up of whom 1 has a progressively increasing blast count.


88. Park IJ, Park JE, Kim HJ, Jung HJ, Lee WG, Cho SR: Acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;21)(q24;q22) and eosinophilia: case report and review of the literature. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2010 Jan 1;196(1):105-8
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  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;21)(q24;q22) and eosinophilia: case report and review of the literature.
  • The t(16;21)(q24;q22), a rare chromosomal translocation involving chromosome 21 in de novo and therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML), produces a RUNX1-CBFA2T3 fusion gene (previously AML1-MTG16) fusion gene.
  • The translocation has been reported in 20 patients with AML, with eosinophilia present in 3 cases.
  • Here we report a pediatric case of t(16;21)(q24;q22) in de novo AML with eosinophilia and suggest that eosinophilia is a hematologic characteristic of at least a subpopulation of AML with t(16;21)(q24;q22).
  • A 4-year-old Korean girl was admitted with complaints of pale appearance and dizziness, and was diagnosed with acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 19963144.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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89. Shih LY, Huang CF, Lin TL, Wu JH, Wang PN, Dunn P, Kuo MC, Tang TC: Heterogeneous patterns of CEBPalpha mutation status in the progression of myelodysplastic syndrome and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia to acute myelogenous leukemia. Clin Cancer Res; 2005 Mar 1;11(5):1821-6
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  • [Title] Heterogeneous patterns of CEBPalpha mutation status in the progression of myelodysplastic syndrome and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia to acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the role of CEBPalpha mutations in the progression of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) to acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and their cooperating mutations.
  • EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Mutational analysis of CEBPalpha with direct sequencing for each PCR product was done on matched bone marrow samples obtained from 50 adult patients with MDS at diagnosis and at AML transformation.
  • RESULTS: CEBPalpha mutations were identified in four patients at diagnosis of MDS, including one with refractory anemia with excess blasts and three with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • At AML transformation, three patients retained the identical mutant clones as their initial diagnosis, three acquired the mutations, and one lost CEBPalpha mutation when she gained FLT3/ITD mutation.
  • Together, seven patients had CEBPalpha mutations throughout the disease course; four patients had NH(2)-terminal mutations resulting in a frameshift and truncation of the protein, three of them had two different mutations either on the same alleles or on different alleles, two had missense mutations, and one had a deletion in the basic region leucine zipper domain.
  • CEBPalpha mutations had no influence on the time to AML progression or overall survival.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that CEBPalpha mutations play a role in a subset of patients with MDS, especially in chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • The mutation status was heterogeneous, exhibiting identical clone, clonal change, or clonal evolution during the progression to AML.
  • [MeSH-major] CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Protein-alpha / genetics. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / pathology. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / genetics. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Alleles. DNA Mutational Analysis. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Leucine Zippers. Male. Middle Aged


90. Sakai R, Fujimaki K, Yamazaki E, Sakamoto H, Kanamori H, Miura I, Ishigatsubo Y: Acute myelomonocytic leukemia with dysplastic bone marrow eosinophils showing t(5;17)(q13;q11) and a secondary chromosomal aberration, inv(16)(p13q22). Int J Hematol; 2006 Dec;84(5):417-20
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  • [Title] Acute myelomonocytic leukemia with dysplastic bone marrow eosinophils showing t(5;17)(q13;q11) and a secondary chromosomal aberration, inv(16)(p13q22).
  • inv(16)(p13q22) is associated with de novo acute myelomonocytic leukemia with dysplastic bone marrow eosinophils (AMML Eo), which has a relatively favorable clinical course with a longer remission duration and better survival prospects.
  • On the other hand, t(5; 17)(q13;q11), although relatively rare, has been reported to be a component of complex chromosomal abnormalities in myelodysplastic syndromes and secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • We treated a 29-year-old woman with the first reported case of de novo AMML Eo with inv(16)(p13q22) in addition to t(5; 17)(q13;q11).
  • Although she attained complete remission (CR) immediately after induction therapy, the disease recurred 1 year after the completion of consolidation therapies.
  • In general, certain secondary chromosomal abnormalities are associated with the phenotype of the disease, which retains its essential biologic characteristics established by the primary abnormality.
  • Accordingly, the primary nature of the leukemic cells in this case differs from the findings for core-binding factor AML with inv(16)(p13q22).
  • We believe this report is the first of de novo AMML Eo with t(5; 17)(q13;q11) showing as a secondary chromosomal aberration with inv(16)(p13q22).
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Chromosome Inversion. Chromosomes, Human / genetics. Eosinophils / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 17189222.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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91. Kuwata T, Nakamura T: BCL11A is a SUMOylated protein and recruits SUMO-conjugation enzymes in its nuclear body. Genes Cells; 2008 Sep;13(9):931-40
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  • Previous studies show that BCL11A is involved in acute myelomonocytic leukemia and chronic lymphoid leukemia in mouse and human, respectively.

  • Gene Ontology. gene/protein/disease-specific - Gene Ontology annotations from this paper .
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  • (PMID = 18681895.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2443
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Cells
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCL11A protein, human; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / SUMO-1 Protein; 0 / Small Ubiquitin-Related Modifier Proteins; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins; EC 3.4.22.- / Cysteine Endopeptidases; EC 3.4.22.- / SENP2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes; EC 6.3.2.19 / ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBC9; K3Z4F929H6 / Lysine
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92. Gervais C, Murati A, Helias C, Struski S, Eischen A, Lippert E, Tigaud I, Penther D, Bastard C, Mugneret F, Poppe B, Speleman F, Talmant P, VanDen Akker J, Baranger L, Barin C, Luquet I, Nadal N, Nguyen-Khac F, Maarek O, Herens C, Sainty D, Flandrin G, Birnbaum D, Mozziconacci MJ, Lessard M, Groupe Francophone de Cytogénétique Hématologique: Acute myeloid leukaemia with 8p11 (MYST3) rearrangement: an integrated cytologic, cytogenetic and molecular study by the groupe francophone de cytogénétique hématologique. Leukemia; 2008 Aug;22(8):1567-75
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  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukaemia with 8p11 (MYST3) rearrangement: an integrated cytologic, cytogenetic and molecular study by the groupe francophone de cytogénétique hématologique.
  • Thirty cases of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with MYST histone acetyltransferase 3 (MYST3) rearrangement were collected in a retrospective study from 14 centres in France and Belgium.
  • The mean age at diagnosis was 59.4 years and 67% of the patients were females.
  • Most cases (77%) were secondary to solid cancer (57%), haematological malignancy (35%) or both (8%), and appeared 25 months after the primary disease.
  • AMLs were myelomonocytic (7%) or monocytic (93%), with erythrophagocytosis (75%) and cytoplasmic vacuoles (75%).
  • Immunophenotype showed no particularity compared with monocytic leukaemia without MYST3 abnormality.
  • Type I (MYST3 exon 16-CREBBP exon 3) was the most frequent MYST3-CREBBP fusion transcript (65%).
  • All those particular clinical, cytologic, cytogenetic, molecular and prognostic characteristics of AML with MYST3 rearrangement may have allowed an individualization into the World Health Organization classification.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Gene Rearrangement. Histone Acetyltransferases / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18528428.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; EC 2.3.1.48 / Histone Acetyltransferases; EC 2.3.1.48 / KAT6A protein, human
  • [Investigator] Vial JP; Guerin E; Micheau M; Treille-Ritouet D; Callat MP; Buchonnet G; Favre-Audry B; Maynadie M; Verhasselt B; Philippe J; Noens L; Garand R; Arnoulet C; Genevieve F; Gardais J; Claisse JF; Petit A; Lespanel C; Daliphard S; Vasselon C; Settegrana C
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93. Patnaik MM, Gangat N, Knudson RA, Keefe JG, Hanson CA, Pardanani A, Ketterling RP, Tefferi A: Chromosome 8p11.2 translocations: prevalence, FISH analysis for FGFR1 and MYST3, and clinicopathologic correlates in a consecutive cohort of 13 cases from a single institution. Am J Hematol; 2010 Apr;85(4):238-42
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  • FISH analysis was performed in 13 patients (12 had myeloid neoplasms) and revealed abnormalities of MYST3 (n = 4) or FGFR1 (n = 4) in eight patients.
  • MYST3 abnormalities were associated with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), M4 in three and M6 in one.
  • Three of the four FGFR1-rearranged cases were associated with myeloproliferative neoplasms but none, including the two with sole 8p11.2, displayed the typical phenotype for stem cell leukemia/lymphoma (SCLL) and only one had eosinophilia; the fourth case had AML-M4.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics. Hematologic Neoplasms / genetics. Histone Acetyltransferases / genetics. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Myeloproliferative Disorders / genetics. Oncogene Fusion. Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1 / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Cohort Studies. Eosinophilia / genetics. Female. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. Genetic Testing. Humans. Karyotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Male. Middle Aged. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 20143402.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-8652
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.3.1.48 / Histone Acetyltransferases; EC 2.3.1.48 / KAT6A protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / FGFR1 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1
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94. Karabacak BH, Erbey F, Bayram I, Yilmaz S, Acipayam C, Kilinç Y, Tanyeli A: Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 mutations in childhood acute leukemias and their association with prognosis. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2010;11(4):923-7
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  • [Title] Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 mutations in childhood acute leukemias and their association with prognosis.
  • OBJECTIVE: In this study, the presence of FLT3 mutations in childhood acute leukemias patients and their association with prognosis were investigated.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients, 80 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 40 with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), were included.
  • RESULTS: FLT3/ITD (internal tandem duplication) mutations were found in 6 (7.5%) of the patients with ALL and in 9 (22.5%) of those with AML, whereas no FLT3/TKD (trans kinase domain) mutation was evident in any case.
  • There was no difference between the ALL patients positive and negative for FLT3/ITD with regard to overall survival (OS), event free survival (EFS) and disease free survival (DFS) (p=0.37, p=0.23, p=0.023, respectively).
  • However, in FLT3/ITD positive and negative AML patients, there was a statistically significant difference in OS (p=0.0041), but not EFS and DFS (p=0.09, p=0.095, respectively).
  • CONCLUSION: We found that FLT3/ITD positivity increased with age and that it was associated with decrease in OS in AML patients, providing further evidence that it is an independent factor negatively influencing prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / mortality. Mutation. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Age Factors. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease-Free Survival. Humans. Infant. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Prognosis. Recurrence

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  • (PMID = 21133602.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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95. Shah M, Agarwal B: Recent advances in management of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Indian J Pediatr; 2008 Aug;75(8):831-7
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  • [Title] Recent advances in management of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common childhood malignancy.
  • AML has therapeutically been difficult to treat.
  • In 2001, the World Health Organization (WHO), in conjunction with the Society for Hematopathology and the European Association of Hematopathology, published a new classification for myeloid neoplasms.
  • A number of chromosomal abnormalities are used to predict outcome and stratify therapeutic risk groups in children with AML.
  • Recently, alterations in receptor tyrosine kinases, tyrosine phosphatases and in oncogenes such as RAS have been implicated in the pathogenesis of AML.
  • This article aims to review the recent development in diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of AML.
  • Better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of AML has led to the development of target-specific therapies.
  • The role of allogenic SCT, particularly whether it should be done during first CR or reserved for second remission, remains the most controversial issue in pediatric AML.
  • There is a need of collaboration with international pediatric cooperative oncology groups and definitive clinical trials in order to establish use of these newer molecules in pediatric populations.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Neoplasm, Residual / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / blood. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / blood. Child. Child, Preschool. Humans. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / antagonists & inhibitors. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18769895.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-7693
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Immunologic Factors; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
  • [Number-of-references] 43
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96. Konuma T, Tomonari A, Takahashi S, Ooi J, Tsukada N, Yamada T, Sato H, Nagayama H, Iseki T, Tojo A, Asano S: Early-onset thyrotoxicosis after unrelated cord blood transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia. Int J Hematol; 2006 May;83(4):348-50
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  • [Title] Early-onset thyrotoxicosis after unrelated cord blood transplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • Patient 1 is a 32-year-old woman with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)-M5a who underwent CBT.
  • Patient 2 is a 42-year-old man with AML-M4 who underwent CBT.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoimmune Diseases / blood. Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Thyrotoxicosis / blood

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  • (PMID = 16757437.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 06LU7C9H1V / Triiodothyronine; EC 1.11.1.8 / Iodide Peroxidase; Q51BO43MG4 / Thyroxine
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97. Goddard SL, Chesney AE, Reis MD, Ghorab Z, Brzozowski M, Wright FC, Wells RA: Pathological splenic rupture: a rare complication of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Am J Hematol; 2007 May;82(5):405-8
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  • [Title] Pathological splenic rupture: a rare complication of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is an uncommon disorder characterized by monocytosis of the peripheral blood, absence of the Philadelphia chromosome, fewer than 20% blasts, and one or more lineages showing dysplastic features.
  • This report should alert physicians to consider this diagnosis in patients with CMML and acute abdominal pain.
  • [MeSH-major] Abdomen, Acute / etiology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / complications. Splenic Rupture / etiology

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17133422.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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98. Cho WH, Choi YJ, Choi BK, Cha SH: Isolated recurrence of intracranial granulocytic sarcoma mimicking a falx meningioma in acute myeloblastic leukemia. J Korean Neurosurg Soc; 2010 May;47(5):385-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Isolated recurrence of intracranial granulocytic sarcoma mimicking a falx meningioma in acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • Intracranial granulocytic sarcomas are rare tumors, which are composed of immature granulocytic cells.
  • Although it has been well known that these tumors are associated with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), they have been almost always related to bone marrow relapse.
  • However, isolated recurrence of granulocytic sarcoma following complete remission from prior AML is extremely rare, especially in the central nervous system.
  • A 44-year-old male presented with isolated recurrence of granulocytic sarcoma mimicking a falx meningioma two years after complete remission by allogenic peripheral blood stem cell transfusion (PBSCT) in the acute myelomonoblastic leukemia (FAB, M4).
  • Pathological findings were compatible with the granulocytic sarcoma.

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  • (PMID = 20539800.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-7876
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Korean Neurosurg Soc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2883061
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chloroma / Granulocytic sarcoma / Leukemia
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99. Wonsettler DM, Chang WW, Wenger SL: Extra copy of 20q deletion, acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4) and Niemann-Pick disease. J Assoc Genet Technol; 2005;31(2):55-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Extra copy of 20q deletion, acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4) and Niemann-Pick disease.
  • A 59-year-old hypertensive white male was diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), M4.
  • The majority of cases with 20q deletion are associated with myeloid disorders; however, an extra copy of the 20q deletion has rarely been reported.
  • Many foamy macrophages with bubbling cytoplasm in the spleen, liver, bone marrow and lymph nodes were suggestive of Niemann-Pick disease, type E.
  • AML has not previously been reported with Niemann-Pick disease.

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  • (PMID = 16027483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7834
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Association of Genetic Technologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Assoc Genet Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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100. Tasca S, Furlanello T, Caldin M: High serum and urine lysozyme levels in a dog with acute myeloid leukemia. J Vet Diagn Invest; 2010 Jan;22(1):111-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High serum and urine lysozyme levels in a dog with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • A 2-year-old, female German Shepherd Dog with facial nerve paralysis was diagnosed with acute myelomonocytic leukemia based on clinical, cytologic, and immunologic findings.
  • A diagnosis of tubular proteinuria was made, and a chemical evaluation of LZM in serum and urine samples was performed using a turbidimetric assay.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / veterinary. Muramidase / blood

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.
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  • (PMID = 20093697.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-6387
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Diagn. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.2.1.17 / Muramidase
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