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Items 1 to 100 of about 847
1. Hisasue M, Nishimura T, Neo S, Nagashima N, Ishikawa T, Tsuchiya R, Yamada T: A dog with acute myelomonocytic leukemia. J Vet Med Sci; 2008 Jun;70(6):619-21
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  • [Title] A dog with acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • The dog was diagnosed with myelomonocytic leukemia (M4) because the blast cells were demonstrated by cytochemical staining to be both myeloid and monocytic cells.
  • This case is the first report of M4 in Japan.

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  • (PMID = 18628605.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 12001-79-5 / Vitamin K; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone
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2. Kar R, Rao S, Pati HP: Systemic mastocytosis with acute myelomonocytic leukemia: a case report. Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus; 2008 Dec;24(4):182-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Systemic mastocytosis with acute myelomonocytic leukemia: a case report.
  • Bone marrow mastocytosis may be associated with many clonal non mast cell hematological neoplasms and its association with acute myeloid leukemia especially with t (8;.
  • We describe an interesting case of coexistence of systemic mastocytosis with acute myelomonocytic leukemia in a young child.
  • Diagnosis of acute myelomonocytic leukemia was based on bone marrow aspirate findings coupled with cytochemistry.

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  • [Cites] Am J Hematol. 2000 Dec;65(4):307-9 [11074560.001]
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  • (PMID = 23100960.001).
  • [ISSN] 0971-4502
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of hematology & blood transfusion : an official journal of Indian Society of Hematology and Blood Transfusion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3475428
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acute myeloid leukemia / Systemic mastocytosis / Toluidine blue
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3. Rao S, Kar R, Saxena R: Pseudo Chediak-Higashi anomaly in acute myelomonocytic leukemia. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2009 Apr-Jun;52(2):255-6
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  • [Title] Pseudo Chediak-Higashi anomaly in acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • Pseudo Chediak-Higashi anomaly in acute leukemia is a rarely described entity.
  • The significance of this intriguing morphological finding largely remains unknown, although some authors have predicted a poorer outcome in such cases because of a higher susceptibility to fulminant infections.
  • [MeSH-major] Chediak-Higashi Syndrome / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / complications. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19332932.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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4. Kim M, Lee JW, Lee JK, Hong YJ, Hong SI, Kang HJ, Cho EH, Chang YH: [A case of del(16)(q22) in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia with complex karyotype]. Korean J Lab Med; 2010 Aug;30(4):329-33
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  • [Title] [A case of del(16)(q22) in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia with complex karyotype].
  • Inversion of chromosome 16 [inv(16)(p13.1q22)] and t(16;16)(p13.1;q22) are associated with acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AMML) with eosinophilia and a favorable prognosis.
  • On the other hand, patients with del(16)(q22) usually present with MDS or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), which can evolve to AMML without eosinophilia, and this chromosomal aberration is associated with older age, a complex karyotype, and a poor prognosis.
  • We report a case of AML with del(16)(q22) which showed a complex karyotype, absence of eosinophilia in bone marrow study and a poor response to chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Deletion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20805702.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Lab Med
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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5. Rangan A, Arora B, Rangan P, Dadu T: Florid plasmacytosis in a case of acute myeloid leukemia: A diagnostic dilemma. Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol; 2010 Jan;31(1):36-8
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  • [Title] Florid plasmacytosis in a case of acute myeloid leukemia: A diagnostic dilemma.
  • The association of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with plasmacytosis is a known, although rare event.
  • There are very few case reports documenting an increase in the number of plasma cells at the time of AML diagnosis.
  • Here, we present the case of a 65-year-old male diagnosed as acute myelomonocytic leukemia with exuberant plasmacytosis, which posed a difficulty in diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 20931021.001).
  • [ISSN] 0975-2129
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of medical and paediatric oncology : official journal of Indian Society of Medical & Paediatric Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Med Paediatr Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2941603
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acute myeloid leukemia / myeloma / plasmacytosis
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6. Chang ST, Hsieh YC, Lee LP, Tzeng CC, Chuang SS: Acute myelomonocytic leukemia with abnormal eosinophils: a case report with multi-modality diagnostic work-up. Chang Gung Med J; 2006 Sep-Oct;29(5):532-7
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  • [Title] Acute myelomonocytic leukemia with abnormal eosinophils: a case report with multi-modality diagnostic work-up.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with recurrent genetic abnormalities often carries a favorable prognosis.
  • AML with inv(16)(p13q22) occurs predominantly in younger patients and usually shows granulocytic and monocytic differentiation with abnormal eosinophils.
  • It is referred to as acute myelomonocytic leukemia with abnormal eosinophils (AMML Eo).
  • This case illustrates a typical AMML Eo confirmed by a multi-modality diagnostic approach including morphology, cytochemistry, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and conventional cytogenetic study.
  • [MeSH-major] Eosinophils / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17214400.001).
  • [ISSN] 2072-0939
  • [Journal-full-title] Chang Gung medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chang Gung Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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7. Sun X, Zhang W, Ramdas L, Stivers DN, Jones DM, Kantarjian HM, Estey EH, Vadhan-Raj S, Medeiros LJ, Bueso-Ramos CE: Comparative analysis of genes regulated in acute myelomonocytic leukemia with and without inv(16)(p13q22) using microarray techniques, real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry immunophenotyping. Mod Pathol; 2007 Aug;20(8):811-20
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  • [Title] Comparative analysis of genes regulated in acute myelomonocytic leukemia with and without inv(16)(p13q22) using microarray techniques, real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and flow cytometry immunophenotyping.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13q22), also known as M4Eo, is a distinct type of leukemia with characteristic clinicopathologic and cytogenetic features.
  • Cases of acute myelomonocytic leukemia without CBFbeta-MYH11 (M4) acted as our control.
  • We found that in the gene expression profile of M4Eo, NF-kappaB activators and inhibitors were upregulated and downregulated, respectively, suggesting that the NF-kappaB signaling pathway is activated at a higher level in M4Eo than in acute myelomonocytic leukemia M4.
  • These findings most likely represent the functional consequences of the abnormal chimeric protein CBFbeta-MYH11, which is unique to this disease, and suggest that NF-kappaB is a potential therapeutic target for treating M4Eo patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Flow Cytometry. Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Immunohistochemistry. Immunophenotyping / methods. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 17571080.001).
  • [ISSN] 0893-3952
  • [Journal-full-title] Modern pathology : an official journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mod. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5P30 CA016672-28
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CBFbeta-MYH11 fusion protein; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Transcription Factor RelA
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8. Wong KF, Wong ML, Tu SP: Dup(1)(p31.2p36.2) in acute myelomonocytic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2006 Feb;165(1):83-4
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  • [Title] Dup(1)(p31.2p36.2) in acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1. Gene Duplication. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16490603.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / PRDM16 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors
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9. Wonsettler DM, Chang WW, Wenger SL: Extra copy of 20q deletion, acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4) and Niemann-Pick disease. J Assoc Genet Technol; 2005;31(2):55-8
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  • [Title] Extra copy of 20q deletion, acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4) and Niemann-Pick disease.
  • A 59-year-old hypertensive white male was diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), M4.
  • The majority of cases with 20q deletion are associated with myeloid disorders; however, an extra copy of the 20q deletion has rarely been reported.
  • Many foamy macrophages with bubbling cytoplasm in the spleen, liver, bone marrow and lymph nodes were suggestive of Niemann-Pick disease, type E.
  • AML has not previously been reported with Niemann-Pick disease.

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  • (PMID = 16027483.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-7834
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Association of Genetic Technologists
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Assoc Genet Technol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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10. Murati A, Gervais C, Carbuccia N, Finetti P, Cervera N, Adélaïde J, Struski S, Lippert E, Mugneret F, Tigaud I, Penther D, Bastard C, Poppe B, Speleman F, Baranger L, Luquet I, Cornillet-Lefebvre P, Nadal N, Nguyen-Khac F, Pérot C, Olschwang S, Bertucci F, Chaffanet M, Lessard M, Mozziconacci MJ, Birnbaum D, Groupe Francophone de Cytogénétique Hématologique: Genome profiling of acute myelomonocytic leukemia: alteration of the MYB locus in MYST3-linked cases. Leukemia; 2009 Jan;23(1):85-94
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  • [Title] Genome profiling of acute myelomonocytic leukemia: alteration of the MYB locus in MYST3-linked cases.
  • The t(8;16)(p11;p13) is a rare translocation involved in de novo and therapy-related myelomonocytic and monocytic acute leukemia.
  • MYST3-linked acute myeloid leukemias (AMLs) share specific clinical and biological features and a poor prognosis.
  • We have established the genome and gene expression profiles of a multicentric series of 61 M4/M5 AMLs including 18 MYST3-linked AMLs by using array comparative genome hybridization (aCGH) (n=52) and DNA microarrays (n=44), respectively.
  • We show that M4/5 AMLs have a variety of rare genomic alterations.
  • These features, reminiscent of T-cell acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL), suggest the targeting of a common T-myeloid progenitor.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Genes, myb / genetics. Histone Acetyltransferases / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18818702.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD4; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myb; 157907-48-7 / HoxA protein; EC 2.3.1.48 / Histone Acetyltransferases; EC 2.3.1.48 / KAT6A protein, human
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11. Naithani R, Mahapatra M: Parotid involvement in acute myelomonocytic leukemia. Indian J Pediatr; 2007 Oct;74(10):965-6
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  • [Title] Parotid involvement in acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Leukemic Infiltration / pathology. Parotid Gland / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Bone Marrow / pathology. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Facial Paralysis / pathology. Female. Humans

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  • [CommentIn] Indian J Pediatr. 2009 Apr;76(4):438-9 [19412591.001]
  • (PMID = 17978464.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-7693
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] India
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12. Takahashi W, Arai Y, Tadokoro J, Takeuchi K, Yamagata T, Mitani K: [Disappearance of a Philadelphia chromosome-positive clone and appearance of a -negative clone following treatment with imatinib mesylate in acute myelomonocytic leukemia]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2006 Feb;47(2):111-4
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  • [Title] [Disappearance of a Philadelphia chromosome-positive clone and appearance of a -negative clone following treatment with imatinib mesylate in acute myelomonocytic leukemia].
  • A 63-year-old female was diagnosed as having Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute myelomonocytic leukemia in June 2002.
  • The patient received monotherapy with imatinib mesylate or combination therapy with DCM and idarubicin/cytarabine, both of which failed in attaining disease remission.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic, Atypical, BCR-ABL Negative. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Piperazines / therapeutic use. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 16529013.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Benzamides; 0 / Piperazines; 0 / Pyrimidines; 8A1O1M485B / Imatinib Mesylate
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13. Abe A, Kiyoi H, Ninomiya M, Yamazaki T, Murase T, Ozeki K, Suzuki M, Hayakawa F, Katsumi A, Emi N, Naoe T: Establishment of a stroma-dependent human acute myelomonocytic leukemia cell line, NAMO-2, with FLT3 tandem duplication. Int J Hematol; 2006 Nov;84(4):328-36
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  • [Title] Establishment of a stroma-dependent human acute myelomonocytic leukemia cell line, NAMO-2, with FLT3 tandem duplication.
  • We have established a stroma-dependent myelomonocytic cell line, NAMO-2, with FLT3 internal tandem duplication (FLT3/ITD).
  • Leukemia cells from a patient with acute myelomonocytic leukemia were administered to form subcutaneous tumors in nude mice, which were maintained successively, although we failed to establish continuously growing cells from the original leukemia cell culture.
  • The leukemia cells showed continuous growth dependent on this stroma, and this cell line was named NAMO-2.
  • NAMO-2 provides a useful tool to analyze adherence-dependent survival signaling of leukemia with FLT3/ITD and a model for the screening of FLT3 kinase inhibitors.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Line, Tumor. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Stromal Cells / physiology. Tandem Repeat Sequences. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17118759.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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14. Liu LB, Li WM, Zou P, He W, Zhang M: [Depressing the immune escape of acute myelomonocytic leukemia via an anti-Fas ribozyme]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Oct;14(5):862-6
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  • [Title] [Depressing the immune escape of acute myelomonocytic leukemia via an anti-Fas ribozyme].
  • In order to investigate the inhibition role of anti-Fas hammerhead ribozyme on Fas expression and Fas-mediated apoptosis in CTLL-2 cells (mouse CTL cell line), and to explore a new way for enhancing the ability of T cells against Leukemia in donor lymphocytes infusion, CTLL-2 cells were transfected with pEGFP-RZ596 and pEGFPC1 (mock-transfected) via electroporation.
  • The killing effect of CTL against WEHI-3 (mouse acute myelomonocytic leukemia cell line) highly expressing FasL in vitro was detected by MTT assay.
  • It is concluded that anti-Fas ribozyme can remarkably decrease Fas expression on CTLL-2 cells, so as to avoid Fas-mediated apoptosis by Fas ligand on WEHI-3 cells, and to enhance their killing activity against WEHI-3 cells, as a result, the immune escape of acute myelomonocytic leukemia was depressed.

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  • (PMID = 17096877.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fas Ligand Protein; 0 / RNA, Catalytic; 0 / hammerhead ribozyme
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15. Koh G, Yamane T, Aoyama Y, Sakamoto C, Nakamae H, Hasegawa T, Terada Y, Hino M: [Acute myelomonocytic leukemia complicated with multiple lower intestinal ulcers induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2005 Jan;32(1):111-3
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  • [Title] [Acute myelomonocytic leukemia complicated with multiple lower intestinal ulcers induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs].
  • We report an 18-year-old woman with acute myelomonocytic leukemia, who developed massive lower intestinal bleeding following induction chemotherapy.
  • Colonoscopy revealed multiple circular ulcers but no infectious colitis or infiltration of leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects. Colonic Diseases / chemically induced. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / complications. Peptic Ulcer Hemorrhage / chemically induced

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  • (PMID = 15675595.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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16. Koga Y, Matsuzaki A, Suminoe A, Washitoh N, Hara T, Hara T, Tajiri T, Taguchi T: Treatment-related acute myelomonocytic leukemia with t(11;19) in a child following chemotherapy for hepatoblastoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Apr;50(4):943-4
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  • [Title] Treatment-related acute myelomonocytic leukemia with t(11;19) in a child following chemotherapy for hepatoblastoma.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Hepatoblastoma / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / chemically induced. Liver Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasms, Second Primary / chemically induced. Translocation, Genetic


17. Sakai R, Fujimaki K, Yamazaki E, Sakamoto H, Kanamori H, Miura I, Ishigatsubo Y: Acute myelomonocytic leukemia with dysplastic bone marrow eosinophils showing t(5;17)(q13;q11) and a secondary chromosomal aberration, inv(16)(p13q22). Int J Hematol; 2006 Dec;84(5):417-20
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  • [Title] Acute myelomonocytic leukemia with dysplastic bone marrow eosinophils showing t(5;17)(q13;q11) and a secondary chromosomal aberration, inv(16)(p13q22).
  • inv(16)(p13q22) is associated with de novo acute myelomonocytic leukemia with dysplastic bone marrow eosinophils (AMML Eo), which has a relatively favorable clinical course with a longer remission duration and better survival prospects.
  • On the other hand, t(5; 17)(q13;q11), although relatively rare, has been reported to be a component of complex chromosomal abnormalities in myelodysplastic syndromes and secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • We treated a 29-year-old woman with the first reported case of de novo AMML Eo with inv(16)(p13q22) in addition to t(5; 17)(q13;q11).
  • Although she attained complete remission (CR) immediately after induction therapy, the disease recurred 1 year after the completion of consolidation therapies.
  • In general, certain secondary chromosomal abnormalities are associated with the phenotype of the disease, which retains its essential biologic characteristics established by the primary abnormality.
  • Accordingly, the primary nature of the leukemic cells in this case differs from the findings for core-binding factor AML with inv(16)(p13q22).
  • We believe this report is the first of de novo AMML Eo with t(5; 17)(q13;q11) showing as a secondary chromosomal aberration with inv(16)(p13q22).
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Chromosome Inversion. Chromosomes, Human / genetics. Eosinophils / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 17189222.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Sumi M, Ichikawa N, Nasu K, Shimizu I, Ueki T, Ueno M, Kobayashi H: Gemtuzumab ozogamicin-induced long-term remission in a woman with acute myelomonocytic leukemia and bone marrow relapse following allogeneic transplantation. Int J Hematol; 2009 Dec;90(5):643-7
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  • [Title] Gemtuzumab ozogamicin-induced long-term remission in a woman with acute myelomonocytic leukemia and bone marrow relapse following allogeneic transplantation.
  • A 56-year-old woman with acute myelomonocytic leukemia underwent myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) from a matched unrelated donor in her first complete remission (CR).
  • Veno-occlusive disease (VOD) prophylaxis consisted of low-dose heparin and ursodeoxycholic acid.
  • Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis comprised tacrolimus and short-term methotrexate.
  • On day 58, she showed grade II acute GVHD, but this resolved spontaneously.
  • Although the standard treatment for acute myeloid leukemia relapse after allo-SCT still remains to be established, GO may be a promising option.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoglycosides / therapeutic use. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Salvage Therapy / methods

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  • (PMID = 19904520.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoglycosides; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / gemtuzumab
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19. Soriani S, Marbello L, Colosimo A, Scarpati B, Grillo G, Cesana C: Double supernumerary isochromosome 4p in acute myelomonocytic leukemia. Leuk Res; 2010 Dec;34(12):e342-4
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  • [Title] Double supernumerary isochromosome 4p in acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Duplication. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4 / genetics. Isochromosomes / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20863564.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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20. Duhoux F, Libouton J, Bahloula K, Ameye G, Poirel HA: Identification by FISH of 4 novel partner loci of PRDM16 in myeloid malignancies. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):11037

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Identification by FISH of 4 novel partner loci of PRDM16 in myeloid malignancies.
  • It has been shown to be involved in the reciprocal translocation t(1;3)(p36;q21) and more rarely the t(1;21)(p36;q22) which both occur in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemias (AML).
  • This overexpression might play an important role in the pathogenesis of MDS and AML in blocking myeloid differentiation.
  • METHODS: We studied 35 myeloid malignancies, 12 lymphoid malignancies and 3 undifferentiated acute leukemias with 1p36 abnormalities by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with a bacterial artificial chromosomes (BAC) contig containing 50 BAC probes on 1p36.
  • RESULTS: In addition to the known t(1;3)(p36;q21) (11 cases) and t(1;21)(p36;q22) (1 case) involving RPN1 andAML1/RUNX1 respectively in myeloid malignancies, we specifically found PRDM16 to be rearranged in 4 additional translocations : a t(1;12)(p36;p13) in an AML-M4, a t(1;7)(p36;p12) in a MDS, an add(1)(p36) in an AML-M2 and a t(1;2)(p36;p12) in a relapsed AML-M4.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In our series of 50 cases of hematological malignancies with 1p36 abnormalities, PRDM16 was involved in about 45% of myeloid malignancies, and was never involved in lymphoid malignancies.
  • Interestingly, the shortest isoform of MDS/EVI-1, lacking the PR domain, is supposed to have an oncogenic effect due to its translocation-induced upregulation in AML.
  • Further characterization of these new partner genes and functional studies should give us more insight into the pathogenesis of AML and MDS mediated by PRDM16, and the role of its partner genes.

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  • (PMID = 27964015.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Novoa V, Nuñez N, Cervellini M, Starosta A, Carballo OG: [Presence of B cell clones in acute myelomonocytic leukemia]. Medicina (B Aires); 2010;70(2):163-5
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  • [Title] [Presence of B cell clones in acute myelomonocytic leukemia].
  • [Transliterated title] Hallazgo de células clonales B en leucemia mielomonocítica aguda.
  • The coexistence of acute myeloid leukemia and chronic lymphocytic leukemia in the same patient is rare.
  • The majority of the cases correspond to patients that developed acute leukemia during the evolutionary course of a chronic lymphatic leukemia following treatment with chemotherapy drugs.
  • We report a case of acute myelomonocytic leukemia concurrent with untreated B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia in which the use of flow cytometry analysis with a large panel of monoclonal antibodies, allowed the demonstration of different pathological populations and determine immunophenotyping patterns.
  • Published cases of simultaneous chronic lymphocytic leukemia and acute leukemia are reviewed.
  • The use of multiparametric flow cytometry to differentiate the populations demonstrates the utility of this technology in the diagnosis of these hematological malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / analysis. B-Lymphocytes / pathology. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 20447900.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-7680
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicina
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Medicina (B Aires)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Argentina
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal
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22. Zhou HF, Li JY, Wu YJ, Yang H, Qiu HR, Li L: [Immunophenotypic and cytogenetic features of acute myelomonocytic leukemia]. Ai Zheng; 2006 Oct;25(10):1252-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Immunophenotypic and cytogenetic features of acute myelomonocytic leukemia].
  • BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: The expression of some antigens has been involved in cytogenetic abnormalities in leukemia.
  • This study was to explore the immunophenotypes of acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4), analyze the correlation of M4 to cytogenetic abnormalities, and provide evidences for the diagnosis and therapy.
  • METHODS: Immunophenotypic analysis was performed using a panel of monoclonal antibodies and three-color immunofluorescent staining methods of flow cytometry in 81 patients with M4 leukemia.
  • RESULTS: Among the 81 M4 leukemia patients, CD33 (84.0%) was the most commonly expressed antigen, followed by CD13 (81.5%) and CD14 (24.7%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Acute myelomonocytic leukemia mainly expresses myeloid lineage antigens.
  • Inv(16) exists in 40% of M4 patients and the expression of all the antigens has no correlation to inv(16).
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / immunology

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  • (PMID = 17059770.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD2; 0 / Antigens, CD34
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23. Zhang L, Alsabeh R, Mecucci C, La Starza R, Gorello P, Lee S, Lill M, Schreck R: Rare t(1;11)(q23;p15) in therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome evolving into acute myelomonocytic leukemia: a case report and review of the literature. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2007 Oct 1;178(1):42-8
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  • [Title] Rare t(1;11)(q23;p15) in therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome evolving into acute myelomonocytic leukemia: a case report and review of the literature.
  • Balanced chromosome rearrangements are the hallmark of therapy-related leukemia that develops in patients treated with topoisomerase II inhibitors.
  • With time, the patient's disorder progressed to acute myelomonocytic leukemia with cytogenetic evidence of clonal evolution.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first report of a patient presenting with a myelodysplastic syndrome with isolated t(1;11) (q23;p15), which evolved into therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML).
  • This patient is the third reported with this cytogenetic rearrangement and t-AML, and is compared with the other two reports of t(1;11)(q23;p15).
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / genetics. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / pathology. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / therapy. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Neutrophils / metabolism


24. Tong W, Stevenson W, Cortes J, Needham L, Brotherton D, Davidson A, Drummond A, Garcia-Manero G: In vitro and in vivo anti-leukemia activity of CHR-2845, a cell-targeted HDAC inhibitor for use in monocytic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e14579

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In vitro and in vivo anti-leukemia activity of CHR-2845, a cell-targeted HDAC inhibitor for use in monocytic leukemia.
  • : e14579 Background: Histone deacetylase inhibitors alter gene expression and induce apoptosis in a wide range of cancer cells including those derived from human leukemias.
  • METHODS: We studied the in vitro and in vivo anti-leukemia activity of CHR-2845 using cell proliferation assay, annexin V binding assay, cell cycle analysis, western blot and in vitro primary leukemia cell culture.
  • RESULTS: Both U937 and THP1 cells express high levels of hCE-1 whereas the myeloid cell line, HL60, does not.
  • In comparison to vorinostat, CHR-2845 showed increased anti-proliferative potency (IC<sub>50</sub>) against monocytic cell lines (THP1, 30 nM vs 700 nM and U937, 30 nM vs 475 nM), compared to a myeloid cell line (HL60, 700nM vs 470 nM).
  • In monocytic cell lines, CHR-2845 induced more apoptosis than vorinostat (THP1: 45±5% vs 11±1% and U937: 23±14% vs 6±1%), as measured by flow cytometry using Annexin V.
  • Biochemical assessment of histone H3 and H4 protein acetylation by Western blot also indicateed that CHR-2845 is at least 10 times more potent than vorinostat in monocytic cell lines but not in HL-60 cells.
  • These data for CHR-2845 and vorinostat on apoptosis and histone acetylation in THP1 and U937 versus HL60 cells, confirmed the selectivity of this novel compound for cells of the monocytic lineage.
  • We also studied the anti-leukemia activity of CHR-2845 in primary leukemia cells from 8 patients with acute or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that CHR-2845 has potential to be efficacious in the treatment of patients with monocytic leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 27963654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Musil D, Krc I: Migrating venous thrombosis in acute leukemia. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis; 2010 Jun;21(4):365-7
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  • [Title] Migrating venous thrombosis in acute leukemia.
  • We present a 55-year-old man with acute migrating thrombophlebitis and deep vein thrombosis of muscle veins in both calves indicating occurrence of acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / complications. Venous Thrombosis / complications

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  • (PMID = 20305540.001).
  • [ISSN] 1473-5733
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood coagulation & fibrinolysis : an international journal in haemostasis and thrombosis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood Coagul. Fibrinolysis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticoagulants; 5Q7ZVV76EI / Warfarin
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26. Bekou V, Franke I, Gollnick H, Leverkus M: [Livid polycyclic plaques of the lower extremities]. Hautarzt; 2008 Nov;59(11):942-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In 10%-55% of patients, leukemia cutis (LC) manifest as a symptom of acute myelomonocytic leukemia and is associated with a poor overall prognosis.
  • Disseminated bluish-violet or red-brownish papules and plaques, nodules and also hemorrhagic ulcers may dominate the initial clinical picture.
  • The role of the dermatologist is the rapid clinical and dermatohistopathological diagnosis in order to allow immediate, adequate treatment of the patient's underlying systemic disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Leg Dermatoses / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Lower Extremity / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18712322.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1173
  • [Journal-full-title] Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und verwandte Gebiete
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hautarzt
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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27. Blatt J, Greenwood R, Weig S, Rao K, Fedoriw GD, Dent G: Isolated central nervous system relapse in an adolescent with acute myelomonocytic leukemia, Charcot Marie Tooth syndrome, and paraneoplastic autoantibody. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Oct;32(7):571-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Isolated central nervous system relapse in an adolescent with acute myelomonocytic leukemia, Charcot Marie Tooth syndrome, and paraneoplastic autoantibody.
  • A 17-year-old boy, with acute myelomonocytic leukemia and inversion 16(p13q22) developed polyneuropathy and isolated central nervous system relapse.
  • Scoliosis and high-arched feet suggested a diagnosis of Charcot Marie Tooth (CMT) syndrome and genetic testing confirmed duplication at the PMP22 locus at chromosome 17p11.12.
  • This case extends the clinical spectrum of cancer with CMT, and of paraneoplastic disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoantibodies / blood. Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease / immunology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / immunology. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20724950.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Myelin Proteins; 0 / PMP22 protein, human
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28. Uçar C, Calýskan U, Martini S, Heinritz W: Acute myelomonocytic leukemia in a boy with LEOPARD syndrome (PTPN11 gene mutation positive). J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2006 Mar;28(3):123-5
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  • [Title] Acute myelomonocytic leukemia in a boy with LEOPARD syndrome (PTPN11 gene mutation positive).
  • Leukemia has not previously been reported in patients with LEOPARD syndrome.
  • The authors describe a 13-year-old boy diagnosed with both LEOPARD syndrome and acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AML-M4).
  • [MeSH-major] LEOPARD Syndrome / complications. LEOPARD Syndrome / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / complications. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics. Male. Middle Aged. Mutation, Missense. Pedigree. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16679933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; EC 3.1.3.48 / PTPN11 protein, human; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases
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29. Guo C, Inghirami G, Ibrahim S, Sen F: Epistaxis and severe weakness in a patient with multiple myeloma. Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia, pure erythroid leukemia. Arch Pathol Lab Med; 2006 Jul;130(7):1075-6
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  • [Title] Epistaxis and severe weakness in a patient with multiple myeloma. Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia, pure erythroid leukemia.
  • Therapy-related acute myeloid leukemias arise as a result of cytotoxic chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy.
  • The most common types of acute myeloid leukemia arising in this setting are acute myeloid leukemia with maturation, and lesser numbers of acute myelomonocytic leukemia, acute monocytic leukemia, acute erythroleukemia, or acute megakaryocytic leukemia.
  • We present a patient with multiple myeloma who was treated with melphalan and 4 years later developed acute erythroid leukemia.
  • The morphologic diagnosis of pure erythroid leukemia developing in the setting of multiple myeloma may be challenging.
  • [MeSH-major] Epistaxis / complications. Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute / complications. Multiple Myeloma / complications. Muscle Weakness / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating / adverse effects. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid. Male. Melphalan / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 16831041.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2165
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; Q41OR9510P / Melphalan
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30. Chung HJ, Park CJ, Jang S, Chi HS, Seo EJ, Seo JJ: A case of lineage switch from acute lymphoblastic leukemia to acute myeloid leukemia. Korean J Lab Med; 2007 Apr;27(2):102-5
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  • [Title] A case of lineage switch from acute lymphoblastic leukemia to acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Lineage switch from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is very rare.
  • We report a case of a 9 yr-old ALL patient relapsed as acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • At the initial diagnosis, the blast cell morphology and immunophenotype were consistent with the diagnosis of typical ALL (L1 subtype according to FAB classification).
  • Nine months, which is a very short time compared with other cases in the literatures, after the diagnosis of ALL, she relapsed with completely different blasts (typical AML, M4 according to FAB classification) in morphology, cytochemistry, and immunophenotyping.
  • The karyotype has changed from 56,XY,+X,+Y,+Y,+4,+8,+10, +14,+17,-20,+21,+21,+21[6]/57,idem,+Y[19] to 46,XY,t(8;16)(p11.2;p13.1)[19]/46,XY[1], showing unrelated chromosomal abnormality to the karyotype at the initial diagnosis.
  • Moreover, both findings were quite specific for each common cell ALL and acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • The treatment with AML 2000 protocol chemotherapy failed, and he underwent the chemotherapy with the combination of high dose cytarabine and mitoxantrone and has been in CR state for 21 months, until now.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Lineage. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18094559.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Lab Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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31. Yamamoto Y, Uchima T, Konoike Y, Nakamine H: Myeloid sarcoma in the nasal cavities that developed during the course of acute myelomonocytic leukemia. J Clin Exp Hematop; 2010;50(2):167-70
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  • [Title] Myeloid sarcoma in the nasal cavities that developed during the course of acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Nasal Cavity / pathology. Neoplasms, Multiple Primary / pathology. Nose Neoplasms / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology


32. Göhring G, Erlacher M, van Buiren M, Jüttner E, Niemeyer CM, Schlegelberger B: Mesenteric chloroma with t(16;16) followed by acute myelomonocytic leukemia with clonal evolution. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2007 Dec;179(2):162-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mesenteric chloroma with t(16;16) followed by acute myelomonocytic leukemia with clonal evolution.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Peritoneal Neoplasms / genetics. Sarcoma, Myeloid / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Disease Progression. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18036407.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Batty G, Kantarjian H, Issa JJ, Garcia-Manero G, Pierce S, O'Brien S, Jabbour E, Cortes J, Ravandi F: Feasibility of hypomethylating therapy in patients with renal insufficiency. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7089

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We investigated the outcomes of pts with RI and MDS, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving therapy with HA.
  • RESULTS: Forty-two pts with sCr ≥ 1.5 mg/dL (including 17 with MDS, 16 with AML, and 9 with CMML) were treated with DAC or 5AZA alone or in combination with other agents (primarily histone deacetylase inhibitors).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The use of HA is well tolerated in pts with MDS and AML and RI who achieved comparable OR rates to those without RI.

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  • (PMID = 27961273.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Lu G, Yin CC, Medeiros LJ, Abruzzo LV: Deletion 15q as the sole abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia: report of three cases and review of the literature. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Jan 15;188(2):118-23
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  • [Title] Deletion 15q as the sole abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia: report of three cases and review of the literature.
  • Deletions within the long arm of chromosome 15, a recurrent abnormality in myeloid malignancies, have been reported previously as a sole abnormality in only eight cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • We describe three new cases of AML with this abnormality, all adult women (age, 41-66 years).
  • Two cases were acute myelomonocytic leukemia (FAB AML-M4), and one was acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (FAB AML-M2).
  • The deletion was identified at initial diagnosis in one patient and at relapse in the other two.
  • Taken together with the eight previously reported cases, we conclude that deletions in chromosome 15 are associated with AML, both in cases that arise de novo or in the setting of a myeloproliferative disorder or myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • These cases often show features of myelomonocytic or monocytic differentiation.
  • The prognosis is poor, with survival similar to other AML cases with unfavorable cytogenetic changes.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Sequence Deletion

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  • (PMID = 19100517.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 20
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35. Wang J, Iwasaki H, Krivtsov A, Febbo PG, Thorner AR, Ernst P, Anastasiadou E, Kutok JL, Kogan SC, Zinkel SS, Fisher JK, Hess JL, Golub TR, Armstrong SA, Akashi K, Korsmeyer SJ: Conditional MLL-CBP targets GMP and models therapy-related myeloproliferative disease. EMBO J; 2005 Jan 26;24(2):368-81
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  • [Title] Conditional MLL-CBP targets GMP and models therapy-related myeloproliferative disease.
  • Chromosomal translocations that fuse the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene with multiple partners typify acute leukemias of infancy as well as therapy-related leukemias.
  • Following exposure to sublethal gamma-irradiation or N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU), MLL-CBP mice developed myelomonocytic hyperplasia and progressed to fatal myeloproliferative disorders.
  • These represented the spectrum of therapy-induced acute myelomonocytic leukemia/chronic myelomonocytic leukemia/myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder similar to that seen in humans possessing the t(11;16).
  • This model of MLL-CBP therapy-related myeloproliferative disease demonstrates the selectivity of this MLL fusion for GMP cells and its ability to initiate leukemogenesis in conjunction with cooperating mutations.

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  • (PMID = 15635450.001).
  • [ISSN] 0261-4189
  • [Journal-full-title] The EMBO journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] EMBO J.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ S66385
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA068484; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P01 DK050654; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA68484; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / DK50654
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Crebbp protein, mouse; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Trans-Activators; 0 / Transcription Factors; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase; EC 2.1.1.43 / Mll protein, mouse; EC 2.3.1.48 / CREB-Binding Protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC545811
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36. Tasca S, Furlanello T, Caldin M: High serum and urine lysozyme levels in a dog with acute myeloid leukemia. J Vet Diagn Invest; 2010 Jan;22(1):111-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High serum and urine lysozyme levels in a dog with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • A 2-year-old, female German Shepherd Dog with facial nerve paralysis was diagnosed with acute myelomonocytic leukemia based on clinical, cytologic, and immunologic findings.
  • A diagnosis of tubular proteinuria was made, and a chemical evaluation of LZM in serum and urine samples was performed using a turbidimetric assay.
  • [MeSH-major] Dog Diseases / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / veterinary. Muramidase / blood

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  • (PMID = 20093697.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-6387
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of veterinary diagnostic investigation : official publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Diagn. Invest.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.2.1.17 / Muramidase
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37. Numakura K, Tsuchiya N, Habuchi T, Takahashi N: [Therapy related leukemia with 11q23 abnormality induced by chemotherapy consisted of docetaxel for advanced prostatic carcinoma: case report]. Nihon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi; 2009 Jul;100(5):580-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Therapy related leukemia with 11q23 abnormality induced by chemotherapy consisted of docetaxel for advanced prostatic carcinoma: case report].
  • A balanced translocation involving 11q23 (MLL gene) could be observed in therapy related leukemia (TRL) patients generally treated with topoisomerase II inhibitors.
  • Herein, we report a patient who developed acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AMMoL) with t (9;. 11) (p22;.
  • Although, no disease progression of the prostatic carcinoma was observed, AMMoL with t (9;. 11) (p22;.
  • q23) translocation and clinical course.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Carcinoma / therapy. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / chemically induced. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Neoplasms, Second Primary. Prostatic Neoplasms / therapy. Taxoids / adverse effects. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 19663246.001).
  • [ISSN] 0021-5287
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai zasshi. The japanese journal of urology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Hinyokika Gakkai Zasshi
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Taxoids; 15H5577CQD / docetaxel
  • [Number-of-references] 23
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38. Mozziconacci MJ, Carbuccia N, Prebet T, Charbonnier A, Murati A, Vey N, Chaffanet M, Birnbaum D: Common features of myeloproliferative disorders with t(8;9)(p12;q33) and CEP110-FGFR1 fusion: report of a new case and review of the literature. Leuk Res; 2008 Aug;32(8):1304-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The 8p12 myeloproliferative syndrome is a rare, generally aggressive chronic myeloproliferative disorder (MPD).
  • We report here the tenth case of translocation (8;9)(p12;q33) in an acute myelomonocytic leukemia and provide a review of the literature that points to common syndrome features: the t(8;9)(p11;q33) MPD transforms rapidly, and always in myelomonocytic leukemia, with a possible B- or T-lymphoid involvement, which may include tonsil invasion.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics. Myeloproliferative Disorders / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / metabolism. Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1 / metabolism. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18096225.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 1; EC 2.7.11.- / CEP110-FGFR1 fusion protein, human
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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39. Wang TY, Huang XO, Xu CG, Chen XC, Wang H: [Acute myelomonocytic leukemia occurred after multiple myeloma treated: a case report]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2007 Mar;38(2):347-9
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  • [Title] [Acute myelomonocytic leukemia occurred after multiple myeloma treated: a case report].
  • We reported a case of multiple myeloma, who suffered from the acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AML-M4) after the chemotherapy of alkylating agent.
  • Thus, the diagnosis of multiple myeloma in remission and secondary AML-M4 was established.
  • When the chemotherapy regimen to AML was being planned for this patient, she died of massive hemorrhage of gastrointestinal tract due to thrombocytopenia and ineffectiveness.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Multiple Myeloma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17441363.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Alkylating Agents
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40. Kuwata T, Nakamura T: BCL11A is a SUMOylated protein and recruits SUMO-conjugation enzymes in its nuclear body. Genes Cells; 2008 Sep;13(9):931-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Previous studies show that BCL11A is involved in acute myelomonocytic leukemia and chronic lymphoid leukemia in mouse and human, respectively.

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  • (PMID = 18681895.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2443
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Cells
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / BCL11A protein, human; 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / SUMO-1 Protein; 0 / Small Ubiquitin-Related Modifier Proteins; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins; EC 3.4.22.- / Cysteine Endopeptidases; EC 3.4.22.- / SENP2 protein, human; EC 6.3.2.19 / Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes; EC 6.3.2.19 / ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme UBC9; K3Z4F929H6 / Lysine
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41. Liu LB, Li WM, He W, Zou P: [Expression of immune response molecules and function of fas ligand on surface of AML WEHI-3 cells]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Jun;14(3):535-8
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  • [Title] [Expression of immune response molecules and function of fas ligand on surface of AML WEHI-3 cells].
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of Fas, Fas ligand (FasL) and CD80 and function of FasL on the surface of acute myelomonocytic leukemia cells from WEHI-3 line.

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  • (PMID = 16800937.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD80; 0 / Antigens, CD95; 0 / Fas Ligand Protein
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42. Christopeit M, Mueller LP, Hainz M, Holzhausen HJ, Behre G: Cytogenetics detects infiltrations of a primary cutaneous acute myeloid leukemia to the kidney. Ann Hematol; 2007 Apr;86(4):291-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytogenetics detects infiltrations of a primary cutaneous acute myeloid leukemia to the kidney.
  • Extramedullary manifestations of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are rare and commonly involve one tissue.
  • We report of a cutaneous acute myelomonocytic leukemia infiltrating the kidney next to the skin.
  • A 61-year-old female patient with complex karyotype cutaneous AML FAB M4 underwent abdominal computed tomography scans.
  • However, fluorescence in situ hybridization cytogenetics revealed a chromosome 11q23 abnormality in the nephrectomy specimen, which also appeared in the leukemic blasts of skin and bone marrow.
  • Closer histomorphologic workup revealed an infiltration of the kidney with leukemia.
  • This case report illustrates how modern diagnostic procedures can help to reveal rare sites of disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Kidney / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Leukemic Infiltration / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Middle Aged. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17206419.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0584
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein
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43. Liu LB, Li WM, He W, Zhang M, Xiao J, Zhong ZD, Li L, Zou P: [Blocking the escape of leukemic cells from killing of T cell by combining anti-Fas ribozyme and CD80-IgG fusion protein]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2005 Dec 28;85(49):3469-74
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  • OBJECTIVE: To study Fas expression regulation of cytotoxic T lymphocyte(CTL)via anti-Fas ribozyme, increasing of CD80 epitope on the surface of acute myelomonocytic leukemia cells by CD80-IgG fusion protein and their effects on the apoptosis and killing ability against acute myelomonocytic leukemia cells of CTL.
  • Then allogeneic mixed lymphocytes culture between the mouse spleen T cells transfected with pEGFP-RZ596 and WEHI-3 cells (mouse acute myelomonocyte leukemia cell line) incubated with CD80-IgG fusion protein was performed.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Antigens, CD80 / genetics. Antigens, CD80 / immunology. Antigens, CD80 / metabolism. Antigens, CD95 / genetics. Antigens, CD95 / immunology. Antigens, CD95 / metabolism. Blotting, Western. CHO Cells. Cell Line, Tumor. Coculture Techniques. Cricetinae. Cricetulus. Female. Green Fluorescent Proteins / genetics. Green Fluorescent Proteins / metabolism. Immunoglobulin G / genetics. Immunoglobulin G / immunology. Immunoglobulin G / metabolism. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / immunology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / metabolism. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Mice. Mice, Inbred BALB C. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Transfection. Tumor Escape

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  • (PMID = 16686062.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD80; 0 / Antigens, CD95; 0 / Immunoglobulin G; 0 / RNA, Catalytic; 0 / Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 147336-22-9 / Green Fluorescent Proteins
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44. Cruse JM, Lewis RE, Pierce S, Lam J, Tadros Y: Aberrant expression of CD7, CD56, and CD79a antigens in acute myeloid leukemias. Exp Mol Pathol; 2005 Aug;79(1):39-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Aberrant expression of CD7, CD56, and CD79a antigens in acute myeloid leukemias.
  • CD7 and CD56 expression at diagnosis has been associated with low remission rates and biological aggressiveness in a significant proportion of acute leukemias.
  • Among 46 patients with acute myeloid leukemia, we found CD7 expression in 15 cases (32.6%) and CD56 positivity in 10 patients (21.7%).
  • Six of these myeloid leukemia cases (13%) showed expression of both CD7 and CD56.
  • Among the 10 that were acute myeloblastic leukemia, 8 expressed CD7, 4 expressed CD56, and 4 were positive for CD79a.
  • Thus, these markers were expressed early in hemopoietic ontogeny in the lesser-differentiated acute myeloid leukemia subtypes, including FAB M0, M1, and M2.
  • Whereas CD7 and CD56 were each positive in 4 cases of acute myelomonocytic leukemia (FAB M4 subtype), there was no CD79a expression in the M4 cases.
  • CD7 is expressed by mature T cells, NK cells, and an immature myeloid cell subset.
  • By contrast, CD79a is a B cell marker that is assigned a high score of 2.0 in the differentiation of acute leukemias of ambiguous lineage in the WHO classification.
  • The aberrant expression of CD7, CD56, and CD79a, representing the capacity of these leukemias for trilineal expression of leukocyte differentiation antigens, portends a poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD56 / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD7 / biosynthesis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell / biosynthesis

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  • (PMID = 16005710.001).
  • [ISSN] 0014-4800
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental and molecular pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Mol. Pathol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD56; 0 / Antigens, CD7; 0 / Antigens, CD79; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CD79A protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, B-Cell
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45. Park TS, Lee ST, Song J, Lee KA, Lee JH, Kim J, Lee HJ, Han JH, Kim JK, Cho SR, Choi JR: Detection of a novel CBFB/MYH11 variant fusion transcript (K-type) showing partial insertion of exon 6 of CBFB gene using two commercially available multiplex RT-PCR kits. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Mar;189(2):87-92
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  • [Title] Detection of a novel CBFB/MYH11 variant fusion transcript (K-type) showing partial insertion of exon 6 of CBFB gene using two commercially available multiplex RT-PCR kits.
  • We report on a 20-year-old man with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) showing a distinct novel CBFB/MYH11 variant fusion transcript.
  • Initial results of bone marrow, chromosome, and flow cytometric analyses were not in accordance with the diagnosis of acute myelomonocytic leukemia with eosinophilia (AML-M4Eo) or AML with a CBFB/MYH11 rearrangement.
  • Not only does this case show a partial insertion of exon 6 of the CBFB (ENSG00000067955) gene, but it also involves novel breakpoints within both exon 6 of the CBFB gene and exon 28 (previously exon 7) of the MYH11 (ENSG00000133392) gene, which is regarded as a previously non-reported, new type (K-type) of CBFB/MYH11 fusion transcript.
  • Therefore, multiplex RT-PCR and sequence analysis of these atypical products should be performed to diagnose atypical AML with CBFB/MYH11 rearrangement, to predict prognosis of these patients as well as to elucidate the molecular mechanism.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor beta Subunit / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Mutagenesis, Insertional. Myosin Heavy Chains / genetics. Reagent Kits, Diagnostic. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods

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  • (PMID = 19215788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CBFB protein, human; 0 / Core Binding Factor beta Subunit; 0 / MYH11 protein, human; 0 / Reagent Kits, Diagnostic; 0 / Recombinant Fusion Proteins; EC 3.6.4.1 / Myosin Heavy Chains
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46. Monma F, Nishii K, Ezuki S, Miyazaki T, Yamamori S, Usui E, Sugimoto Y, Lorenzo V F, Katayama N, Shiku H: Molecular and phenotypic analysis of Philadelphia chromosome-positive bilineage leukemia: possibility of a lineage switch from T-lymphoid leukemic progenitor to myeloid cells. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2006 Jan 15;164(2):118-21
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Molecular and phenotypic analysis of Philadelphia chromosome-positive bilineage leukemia: possibility of a lineage switch from T-lymphoid leukemic progenitor to myeloid cells.
  • The occurrence of acute bilineage leukemia is thought to be the malignant transformation of a myeloid or lymphoid leukemic progenitor with the potential to differentiate into the other lineages; however, the mechanisms of this lineage switch are not well understood.
  • Here, we report on the extremely rare case of adult Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute bilineage leukemia, which is characterized by T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • These results suggest that leukemic progenitor cells in the T-lineage with the del(7) and t(9;22) have the potential to differentiate into myeloid lineage, and that enforced PU.1 expression may contribute in part of this phenomenon.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / pathology. Philadelphia Chromosome
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Lineage. Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl / genetics. Gene Rearrangement. Humans. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / genetics. Lymphocyte Subsets. Male. Middle Aged. Myeloid Progenitor Cells / pathology. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta / genetics. Translocation, Genetic. Treatment Failure

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  • (PMID = 16434313.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta; EC 2.7.10.2 / Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl
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47. Draper NL, Conley C, Smith C, Benson K: Dispermic chimerism identified during HLA typing for stem cell transplantation. Transfusion; 2008 Jul;48(7):1398-402
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  • CASE REPORT: A 32-year-old man was diagnosed with acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • Molecular HLA typing may increase the accurate identification of phenotypically normal chimeras and aid in selecting proper donors for transplantation to reduce graft-versus-host disease and transplant rejection in these patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. HLA-B Antigens / genetics. HLA-C Antigens / genetics. Haplotypes / genetics. Humans. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / surgery. Male. Microsatellite Repeats / genetics. Sequence Analysis, DNA

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  • (PMID = 18422842.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-1132
  • [Journal-full-title] Transfusion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transfusion
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA-B Antigens; 0 / HLA-C Antigens
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48. Woo KS, Kim KE, Kim KH, Kim SH, Park JI, Shaffer LG, Han JY: Deletions of chromosome arms 7p and 7q in adult acute myeloid leukemia: a marker chromosome confirmed by array comparative genomic hybridization. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Oct 15;194(2):71-4
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  • [Title] Deletions of chromosome arms 7p and 7q in adult acute myeloid leukemia: a marker chromosome confirmed by array comparative genomic hybridization.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases with monosomy 7 (-7) and del(7q) comprise a heterogeneous subgroup.
  • The association of losses in 7q with myeloid leukemia suggests that this region contains a tumor suppressor gene or genes whose loss of function contributes to leukemic transformation or tumor progression.
  • In the present case, we identified a rare abnormality involving deletion of both arms of chromosome 7 presenting with a marker chromosome-like appearance in an AML patient.
  • Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy revealed acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Chromosome Deletion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19781438.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Genetic Markers
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49. González-Vela MC, Val-Bernal JF, Mayorga M, Cagigal ML, Fernández F, Mazorra F: Myeloid sarcoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts presenting as obstructive jaundice. APMIS; 2006 Sep;114(9):666-8
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  • [Title] Myeloid sarcoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts presenting as obstructive jaundice.
  • We report a rare case of myeloid sarcoma (MS) of the extrahepatic bile ducts presenting as obstructive jaundice in a patient without leukemia at time of diagnosis.
  • Eight months following surgery the patient presented with multiple cutaneous nodules and bone marrow trephine biopsy showed acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • MS should be taken into consideration in the differential diagnosis of a patient with obstructive jaundice.
  • Immunohistochemistry is essential for a correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Bile Duct Neoplasms / pathology. Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic. Cholestasis, Extrahepatic / pathology. Jaundice, Obstructive / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16948823.001).
  • [ISSN] 0903-4641
  • [Journal-full-title] APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] APMIS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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50. Matsuo Y, Drexler HG, Harashima A, Okochi A, Kojima K, Asakura S, Tanimoto M, Orita K: Acute myeloid leukemia cell lines MOLM-17 and MOLM-18 derived from patient with advanced myelodysplastic syndromes. Leuk Res; 2005 Jun;29(6):701-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia cell lines MOLM-17 and MOLM-18 derived from patient with advanced myelodysplastic syndromes.
  • The two acute myelomonocytic leukemia sister cell lines MOLM-17 and MOLM-18 and the Epstein-Barr-virus positive non-malignant B-lymphoblastoid cell lines (B-LCLs) B422 and B423 were established from the bone marrow sample of a 60-year-old Japanese male in the advanced leukemic phase of refractory anemia with excess of blasts, a subtype of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
  • MOLM-17 and B422 were established at eight months after the initial diagnosis, while MOLM-18 and B423 were derived from a sample one month later.
  • Immunophenotyping of the first leukemia sample revealed a mixed lineage leukemia immunophenotype with positivity for terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), CD13 and CD19; the second sample revealed solely myeloid characteristics with positivity for CD13, CD41 and CD61, whereas TdT was negative.
  • MOLM-17/-18 showed immunomarker profiles typical of the myelomonocytic lineage.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Line, Tumor / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / complications. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / pathology


51. Harani MS, Adil SN, Shaikh MU, Kakepoto GN, Khurshid M: Frequency of fab subtypes in acute myeloid leukemia patients at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad; 2005 Jan-Mar;17(1):26-9
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  • [Title] Frequency of fab subtypes in acute myeloid leukemia patients at Aga Khan University Hospital Karachi.
  • BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease.
  • Therefore, various parameters are needed to classify this disease into subtypes, so that specific treatment approaches can be utilized effectively.
  • The commonly used method for diagnosis and classification is based on FAB criteria using morphology and cytochemical stains.
  • The aim of present study is to determine the frequency of various sub types in acute myeloid leukemia using FAB criteria in our population.
  • This will aid in the correct diagnosis of acute leukemia and hence proper management of the patients.
  • The patients were diagnosed on the basis of bone marrow morphology using FAB classification.
  • AML-M4 was the predominant French-American-British (FAB) subtype (36.2%) followed by M2 (30.25%), M3 (10.4%), M1 (8.7%), M0 (7.7%), M5a (3.5%), M5b (2.5%) and M6 (0.8%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The most common FAB subtype observed in our study was Acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4) which is in accordance with studies reported from Saudia Arabia and a previous study reported from our institution.
  • However,other national and international studies have reported Myeloblastic Leukemia with maturation (M2) as the predominant subtype of AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / classification
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Hospitals, University. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Pakistan

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  • (PMID = 15929522.001).
  • [ISSN] 1025-9589
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
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52. Chang WR, Park IJ, Lee HW, Park JS, Kim HC, Kim HJ, Han JH, Cho SR: [Two cases of acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;21)(p11;q22) and TLS/FUS-ERG fusion transcripts]. Korean J Lab Med; 2009 Oct;29(5):390-5
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  • [Title] [Two cases of acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;21)(p11;q22) and TLS/FUS-ERG fusion transcripts].
  • Many AML-associated chromosomal abnormalities, such as t(8;21), t(15;17), inv(16), t(9;11), t(9;22) and t(6;9) are well known.
  • The chromosomal aberration of t(16;21)(p11;q22) in AML is rare and it is known to be associated with poor prognosis, young age (median age, 22 yr), and involvement of various subtypes of the French-American-British classification.
  • We report here 2 AML patients with t(16;21)(p11;q22), proved by conventional cytogenetics and/or reverse transcription (RT)-PCR.
  • One patient was a 24 yr-old male with acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • Although he received allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation after the first remission, he died 9 months after the initial diagnosis due to relapse of the disease and graft-versus-host disease.
  • The other patient was a 72 yr-old male with acute myeloid leukemia without maturation.
  • We suggest that the presence of t(16;21)(p11;q22) and/or TLS/FUS-ERG fusion transcripts has to be considered in cases of AML with erythrophagocytosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 22 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. RNA-Binding Protein FUS / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Graft vs Host Disease / diagnosis. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19893346.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Lab Med
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / RNA-Binding Protein FUS; 0 / TLS-ERG fusion protein, human
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53. Park IJ, Park JE, Kim HJ, Jung HJ, Lee WG, Cho SR: Acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;21)(q24;q22) and eosinophilia: case report and review of the literature. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2010 Jan 1;196(1):105-8
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  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;21)(q24;q22) and eosinophilia: case report and review of the literature.
  • The t(16;21)(q24;q22), a rare chromosomal translocation involving chromosome 21 in de novo and therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML), produces a RUNX1-CBFA2T3 fusion gene (previously AML1-MTG16) fusion gene.
  • The translocation has been reported in 20 patients with AML, with eosinophilia present in 3 cases.
  • Here we report a pediatric case of t(16;21)(q24;q22) in de novo AML with eosinophilia and suggest that eosinophilia is a hematologic characteristic of at least a subpopulation of AML with t(16;21)(q24;q22).
  • A 4-year-old Korean girl was admitted with complaints of pale appearance and dizziness, and was diagnosed with acute myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 19963144.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 10
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54. Villiers E, Baines S, Law AM, Mallows V: Identification of acute myeloid leukemia in dogs using flow cytometry with myeloperoxidase, MAC387, and a canine neutrophil-specific antibody. Vet Clin Pathol; 2006 Mar;35(1):55-71
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Identification of acute myeloid leukemia in dogs using flow cytometry with myeloperoxidase, MAC387, and a canine neutrophil-specific antibody.
  • BACKGROUND: Flow cytometry may be used to determine immunophenotype or lineage of leukemic cells, but few antibodies are available that are specific for cells of monocytic and granulocytic lineage.
  • OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the flow cytometric staining patterns of 3 commercial monoclonal antibodies for monocytes and granulocytes in clinically healthy dogs and in dogs with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • METHODS: Mouse antihuman macrophage antibody (MAC387), mouse anti-human myeloperoxidase (MPO), and a canine neutrophil-specific antibody (NSA) were evaluated using flow cytometry on blood from 6 clinically healthy control dogs, and on blood (n = 7) and/or bone marrow (n = 2) from 8 dogs with AML.
  • A diagnosis of acute leukemia was confirmed by >30% blasts in bone marrow or >30% blasts in peripheral blood, together with bi- or pancytopenia, circulating CD34-positive blast cells, and clinical signs of disease.
  • One case was classified as AML of granulocytic lineage (AML-M1), 6 cases were classified as acute monocytic leukemia (AML-M5), and 1 case was classified as acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AML-M4).
  • Neoplastic myeloblasts in the dog with granulocytic AML were positive for MPO, NSA, MAC387, and CD4.
  • All monoblasts from the dogs with AML-M5 were positive for CD14, 5 of 6 were positive for MAC387, and 2 were positive for MPO.
  • NSA staining was negative in the 2 dogs with AML-M5 in which it was evaluated.
  • In the dog with AML-M4 variable percentages of blast cells were positive for CD14, MPO, MAC387, CD4, and NSA.
  • These 3 antibodies may be useful as part of a wider panel for immunophenotyping AML in dogs.

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  • (PMID = 16511792.001).
  • [ISSN] 0275-6382
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Clin Pathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies; EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase
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55. Pulte D, Gondos A, Brenner H: Improvements in survival of adults diagnosed with acute myeloblastic leukemia in the early 21st century. Haematologica; 2008 Apr;93(4):594-600
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  • [Title] Improvements in survival of adults diagnosed with acute myeloblastic leukemia in the early 21st century.
  • Treatment of adults with acute myeloblastic leukemia has changed substantially over the past two decades.
  • We estimated trends in age-specific 5- and 10-year relative survival of acute myeloblastic leukemia patients aged over 15 years old for 5-year calendar periods from 1980-1984 through 2000-2004 using data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program.
  • Our period analysis reveals major improvement on the population level in long-term prognosis of younger patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia, most likely explained by multiple incremental improvements in care including better and more specific diagnosis, improvements in and extension of the use of stem cell transplantation and high dose therapy, and improved supportive care.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cohort Studies. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease Management. Female. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Male. Medical Oncology / methods. Medical Oncology / trends. Middle Aged. Mortality / trends. Prognosis. SEER Program / statistics & numerical data. Survival Analysis. United States / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18322250.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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56. Chen YX, Zhang MY, Xiong S, Qian CW, Wang YF: [Analysis of the relationship between nm23-H1 gene and human chronic myeloblastic leukemia using siRNA]. Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao; 2006 May;22(3):403-7
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  • [Title] [Analysis of the relationship between nm23-H1 gene and human chronic myeloblastic leukemia using siRNA].
  • To investigate the relationship between nm23-H1 gene and human chronic myeloblastic leukemia we designed siRNAs which target nm23-H1 gene.
  • Therefore nm23-H1 gene might be a potential target of leukemia treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute / pathology. NM23 Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinases / genetics. RNA, Small Interfering / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16755918.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-3061
  • [Journal-full-title] Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / NM23 Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinases; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; EC 2.7.4.6 / NME1 protein, human
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57. Jourdan E, Boiron JM, Dastugue N, Vey N, Marit G, Rigal-Huguet F, Molina L, Fegueux N, Pigneux A, Recher C, Rossi JF, Attal M, Sotto JJ, Maraninchi D, Reiffers J, Bardou VJ, Esterni B, Blaise D: Early allogeneic stem-cell transplantation for young adults with acute myeloblastic leukemia in first complete remission: an intent-to-treat long-term analysis of the BGMT experience. J Clin Oncol; 2005 Oct 20;23(30):7676-84
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  • [Title] Early allogeneic stem-cell transplantation for young adults with acute myeloblastic leukemia in first complete remission: an intent-to-treat long-term analysis of the BGMT experience.
  • PURPOSE: We analyzed the impact of allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (alloSCT) as an early consolidation for young patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia in first complete remission (CR1) through four successive protocols.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / therapy. Stem Cell Transplantation / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Remission Induction. Time Factors. Tissue and Organ Procurement. Transplantation, Autologous. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16186596.001).
  • [ISSN] 0732-183X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Mashita T, Shimoda T, Yoshioka H, Takahashi Y, Mitsuda M: A cat with acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1) treated with combination chemotherapy. J Vet Med Sci; 2006 Jan;68(1):97-101
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  • [Title] A cat with acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1) treated with combination chemotherapy.
  • The blastic cells were shown to be positive for peroxidase.
  • Acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1) was diagnosed according to the FAB classification.

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  • (PMID = 16462128.001).
  • [ISSN] 0916-7250
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of veterinary medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Vet. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase
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59. Hamilton JA, Whitty G, Masendycz P, Wilson NJ, Jackson J, De Nardo D, Scholz GM: The critical role of the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor in the differentiation of myeloblastic leukemia cells. Mol Cancer Res; 2008 Mar;6(3):458-67
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The critical role of the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor in the differentiation of myeloblastic leukemia cells.
  • An early event during induction of macrophage differentiation in the myeloblastic leukemia M1 cell line by different stimuli, such as leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), is expression of the colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor (CSF-1R).
  • We also propose that expression and activation of the CSF-1R explain much prior literature on macrophage lineage commitment in M1 leukemic cells and may be important in controlling the progression of certain myeloid leukemias.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Cell Differentiation / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Interleukin-6 / pharmacology. Leukemia Inhibitory Factor / pharmacology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Macrophages / cytology. Macrophages / drug effects. Mice. Receptors, OSM-LIF / drug effects. Receptors, OSM-LIF / physiology

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  • (PMID = 18337452.001).
  • [ISSN] 1541-7786
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular cancer research : MCR
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interleukin-6; 0 / Leukemia Inhibitory Factor; 0 / Receptors, OSM-LIF; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
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60. Wang HF, Cheng YZ, Wang HP, Chen ZM, Lou JY, Jin J: CD19-positive acute myeloblastic leukemia with trisomy 21 as a sole acquired karyotypic abnormality. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B; 2009 Nov;10(11):833-8
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  • [Title] CD19-positive acute myeloblastic leukemia with trisomy 21 as a sole acquired karyotypic abnormality.
  • We report that a 63-year-old Chinese female had acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) in which trisomy 21 (+21) was found as the sole acquired karyotypic abnormality.
  • A diagnosis of CD19-positive AML-M5 was established with trisomy 21 as a sole acquired karyotypic abnormality.
  • The patient did not respond well to chemotherapy and died three months after the diagnosis.
  • This is the first reported case of CD19-positive AML with trisomy 21 as the sole cytogenetic abnormality.
  • The possible prognostic significance of the finding in AML with +21 as the sole acquired karyotypic abnormality was discussed.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD19 / biosynthesis. Down Syndrome / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / biosynthesis. Antigens, CD34 / biosynthesis. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / biosynthesis. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Female. HLA-DR Antigens / metabolism. Humans. Immunophenotyping. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Middle Aged. Peroxidase / metabolism. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3. Translocation, Genetic

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  • [Cites] Leuk Res. 1999 Nov;23(11):1079-83 [10576514.001]
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  • (PMID = 19882758.001).
  • [ISSN] 1862-1783
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Zhejiang Univ Sci B
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2772888
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61. Pulte D, Gondos A, Brenner H: Expected long-term survival of patients diagnosed with acute myeloblastic leukemia during 2006-2010. Ann Oncol; 2010 Feb;21(2):335-41
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  • [Title] Expected long-term survival of patients diagnosed with acute myeloblastic leukemia during 2006-2010.
  • BACKGROUND: Treatment of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) has evolved over the past several decades.
  • METHODS: Using data from the 1973-2005 database of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, we empirically validated a novel model-based method to project 5- and 10-year relative survival of AML patients and we applied the method to project relative survival of AML patients in the United States diagnosed during 2006-2010.
  • CONCLUSION: Patients diagnosed with AML during 2006-2010 at younger ages have much higher long-term survival expectations than indicated by previously available survival statistics.

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  • (PMID = 19633049.001).
  • [ISSN] 1569-8041
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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62. Sierra M, Hernández JM, García JL, Gutiérrez NC, Pérez JJ, Vidriales MB, Ramos F, Hernández JM, Romero M, González MB, Galende J, San Miguel JF: Hematological, immunophenotypic, and cytogenetic characteristics of acute myeloblastic leukemia with trisomy 11. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 Jul 1;160(1):68-72
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  • [Title] Hematological, immunophenotypic, and cytogenetic characteristics of acute myeloblastic leukemia with trisomy 11.
  • We evaluated the incidence of trisomy 11 in acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) and its correlation with the most relevant clinical, biological, and immunophenotypic disease characteristics in a total of 399 consecutive AML patients.
  • Trisomy 11 was found in 15 patients (3.8%), in 3 of them as the sole abnormality.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Trisomy

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  • (PMID = 15949573.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Cetin Z, Tezcan G, Karauzum SB, Kupesiz A, Manguoglu AE, Yesilipek A, Luleci G, Hazar V: Donor cell-derived acute myeloblastic leukemia after allogeneic peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2006 Nov;28(11):763-7
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  • [Title] Donor cell-derived acute myeloblastic leukemia after allogeneic peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • Despite its rarity, donor cell leukemia (DCL) is a most intriguing entity.
  • We report here the case of a 5 year-old girl with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia and normal female karyotype who developed acute myeloblastic leukemia with a karyotype of 46, X, t(X;.
  • To our knowledge, this is the first case of DCL after peripheral blood SCT for juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Donors. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / therapy. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects. Transplantation Chimera


64. Saito Y, Ishikawa S, Endo H, Sato Y, Susukida I, Suzuki S, Uzuka Y: [A long-term survivor after relapsed acute myeloblastic leukemia with anthracycline dilated cardiomyopathy]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2008 Jun;35(6):1021-4
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  • [Title] [A long-term survivor after relapsed acute myeloblastic leukemia with anthracycline dilated cardiomyopathy].
  • The patient suffered from congestive heart failure while depending on anthracycline cumulative doses, but now has been living more than 10 years after relapsed acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Anthracyclines / adverse effects. Anthracyclines / therapeutic use. Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / chemically induced. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18633238.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracyclines
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65. Kawakami K, Nishii K, Hyou R, Watanabe Y, Nakao M, Mitani H, Murata T, Monma F, Yamamori S, Hosokai N, Miura I: A case of acute myeloblastic leukemia with a novel variant of t(8;21)(q22;q22). Int J Hematol; 2008 Jan;87(1):78-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A case of acute myeloblastic leukemia with a novel variant of t(8;21)(q22;q22).
  • We encountered a case of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), with extramedullary leukemia (EML) and a masked type of the variant translocation t(8;21)(q22;q22).
  • Morphologically, the AML M2 subtype according to the French-American-British (FAB) classification was present.
  • Multiplex-fluorescence in situ hybridization (multiplex-FISH) analysis revealed a three-way translocation involving chromosomes 8, 9, and 21, and identified a masked type of variant t(8;21)q22;q22) translocation.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18224418.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; 0 / RUNX1T1 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors
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66. B'Chir Hamzaoui S, Abdallah M, Baili L, Bouslama K, Harmel A, Ennafa M, M'Rad S, Ben Dridi M: [Takayasu's arteritis associated with acute myeloblastic leukemia]. J Mal Vasc; 2006 Dec;31(5):280-3
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  • [Title] [Takayasu's arteritis associated with acute myeloblastic leukemia].
  • [Transliterated title] Association artérite de Takayasu et leucémie aiguë myéloblastique.
  • INTRODUCTION: We present one patient with acute myeloblastic leukemia diagnosed two months after the onset of Takayasu's arteritis.
  • A bone marrow aspirate documented an acute myeloid leukemia.
  • CONCLUSION: Leucocytoclastic vasculitis and polyarteritis nodosa occur in acute myeloid leukemia, but the association with Takayasu's arteritis is new.
  • In our knowledge, only two documented cases of Takayasu's arteritis in association with acute myeloblastic leukemia have been published.
  • [MeSH-major] Aortic Valve Stenosis / etiology. Aortic Valve Stenosis / radiography. Erythema Nodosum / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Takayasu Arteritis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17202981.001).
  • [ISSN] 0398-0499
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal des maladies vasculaires
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Mal Vasc
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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67. Yildirim I, Uçkan D, Cetin M, Tuncer M, Tezcan I: Isolated testicular and bone relapse in children with acute myeloblastic leukemia and chronic graft versus host disease after allogeneic BMT. Turk J Pediatr; 2007 Apr-Jun;49(2):206-9
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  • [Title] Isolated testicular and bone relapse in children with acute myeloblastic leukemia and chronic graft versus host disease after allogeneic BMT.
  • Isolated extramedullary relapse after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) is very unusual, particularly in patients with graft versus host disease (GVHD) known to be associated with decreased incidence of leukemic relapses.
  • Here we report two unusual post-transplant cases with AML: the first developed testicular relapse during the treatment of chronic GVHD (cGVHD) and bronchiolitis obliterans and the second relapsed as granulocytic sarcoma in the proximal tibia two years after BMT.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Transplantation. Graft vs Host Disease / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Bone Neoplasms / secondary. Chronic Disease. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Male. Testicular Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 17907524.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4301
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk. J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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68. Matsui K, Tanaka Y, Yamashita K, Matsuda K, Shinohara K: Acute myeloblastic leukemia in a patient with hereditary protein C deficiency. Intern Med; 2006;45(11):729-32
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  • [Title] Acute myeloblastic leukemia in a patient with hereditary protein C deficiency.
  • She recently developed acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML).
  • Chemotherapy for AML by cytosine arabinoside, aclarubicin followed by granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (CAG) was started.
  • Whether the development of these rare disorders of hereditary protein C and AML are coincidental, or involve a causal relationship remains unknown.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16819254.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 74KXF8I502 / Aclarubicin; CAG protocol
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69. Robin M, Schlageter MH, Chomienne C, Padua RA: Targeted immunotherapy in acute myeloblastic leukemia: from animals to humans. Cancer Immunol Immunother; 2005 Oct;54(10):933-43
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  • [Title] Targeted immunotherapy in acute myeloblastic leukemia: from animals to humans.
  • Immunity against acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is demonstrated in humans by the graft-versus-leukemia effect in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  • The aim of immunotherapy is to overcome tolerance and boost immunity to elicit an efficient immune response against leukemia.
  • We review different immunotherapy strategies tested in preclinical animal models of AML and the human trials that spurred from encouraging results obtained in animal models, demonstrate the feasibility of immunotherapy in AML patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunotherapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 15889256.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-7004
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Immunol. Immunother.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vaccines, DNA
  • [Number-of-references] 115
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70. Rüping MJ, Vehreschild JJ, Cornely OA: Primary antifungal prophylaxis in acute myeloblastic leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome--still an open question? Leuk Lymphoma; 2010 Jan;51(1):20-6
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  • [Title] Primary antifungal prophylaxis in acute myeloblastic leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome--still an open question?
  • In this review, we aim to compare different early treatment strategies of invasive fungal diseases in patients undergoing induction chemotherapy for acute myelogenous leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • Considering the available clinical basis of evidence, we opt for antifungal prophylaxis with posaconazole 200 mg tid po as our primary prophylactic strategy, while the employment of preemptive treatment should be delayed until more accurate diagnostic tools become available.
  • In addition to antifungal prophylaxis, empiric treatment with caspofungin or L-AmB may be administered to patients with fever resistant to broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment and without radiographic findings typical of invasive fungal disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Mycoses / complications. Mycoses / drug therapy. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Amphotericin B / therapeutic use. Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Clinical Trials as Topic. Drug Resistance, Fungal. Echinocandins / therapeutic use. Fever / drug therapy. Humans. Medical Oncology / methods. Triazoles / therapeutic use

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  • [CommentIn] Leuk Lymphoma. 2011 Feb;52(2):339-40 [21281242.001]
  • (PMID = 20017598.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Echinocandins; 0 / Triazoles; 0 / liposomal amphotericin B; 6TK1G07BHZ / posaconazole; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B; F0XDI6ZL63 / caspofungin
  • [Number-of-references] 51
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71. Blaise DP, Michel Boiron J, Faucher C, Mohty M, Bay JO, Bardoux VJ, Perreau V, Coso D, Pigneux A, Vey N: Reduced intensity conditioning prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation for patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia as a first-line treatment. Cancer; 2005 Nov 1;104(9):1931-8
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  • [Title] Reduced intensity conditioning prior to allogeneic stem cell transplantation for patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia as a first-line treatment.
  • BACKGROUND: Thirty-three patients (median age 52; range 26-60) with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) were included in a pilot study of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (Allo-SCT) following a reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC).
  • METHODS: Patients achieving first complete remission (CR1) were selected for their high-risk clinical and/or leukemic features.
  • RESULTS: All patients engrafted had cumulative incidences of Gluksberg System Grade 2 acute and chronic graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) of 24 (9-39%) and 64 (48-80%), respectively.
  • With a median follow-up of 18 months (range 7-52) after Allo-SCT, 26 patients are alive, of whom 24 remained in CR1 for a 2-year overall survival and leukemia-free survival (LFS) probabilities of 79 (range 61-90%) and 76 (range 59-87%), respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the sequential combination of intensive chemotherapy and allogeneic immunotherapy might offer relatively low NRD and leukemia relapse rates even in high-risk patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Transplantation Conditioning / methods

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 American Cancer Society.
  • (PMID = 16178004.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Fu L, Katsube K, Tohda S: Transition of cleaved Notch1 and gene expression changes in myeloblastic leukemia cells stimulated with notch ligands. Anticancer Res; 2009 Oct;29(10):3967-70
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  • [Title] Transition of cleaved Notch1 and gene expression changes in myeloblastic leukemia cells stimulated with notch ligands.
  • BACKGROUND: Notch activation by ligand stimulation regulates the growth of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two AML cell lines, THP-1 and TMD7, and three Notch ligands, Jagged1, Dll1 and Dll4, were used.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcium-Binding Proteins / pharmacology. Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / pharmacology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Membrane Proteins / pharmacology. Receptor, Notch1 / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19846937.001).
  • [ISSN] 1791-7530
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Dlk1 protein, mouse; 0 / Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Ligands; 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / NOTCH1 protein, human; 0 / Receptor, Notch1; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / delta protein; 134324-36-0 / Serrate proteins
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73. Slavcheva V, Lukanov T, Balatsenko G, Angelova S, Antonov A, Bogdanov L, Tsvetkov N: Clinical case of acute myeloblastic leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22) in a patient with Klinefelter's syndrome. Hematol Rep; 2010 Jan 26;2(1):e11

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  • [Title] Clinical case of acute myeloblastic leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22) in a patient with Klinefelter's syndrome.
  • Often the disease can be diagnosed accidentally, when carrying out cytogenetic analysis in cases of a malignant blood disease.
  • We present the clinical case of a patient diagnosed with acute myelomonoblastic leukemia-M4 Eo (AML- M4), where by means of classic cytogenetics a karyotype was found corresponding to Klinefelter's syndrome.
  • Three induction courses of polychemotherapy wermade, which led to remission of the disease, documented both flowcytometrically and cytogenetically.

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  • (PMID = 22184514.001).
  • [ISSN] 2038-8330
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematol Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3222265
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Klinefelter's syndrome / genetics / leukemia / remission.
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74. El-Mahdy MA, Zhu Q, Wang QE, Wani G, Wani AA: Thymoquinone induces apoptosis through activation of caspase-8 and mitochondrial events in p53-null myeloblastic leukemia HL-60 cells. Int J Cancer; 2005 Nov 10;117(3):409-17
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  • [Title] Thymoquinone induces apoptosis through activation of caspase-8 and mitochondrial events in p53-null myeloblastic leukemia HL-60 cells.
  • Here, we report that TQ exhibits antiproliferative effect, induces apoptosis, disrupts mitochondrial membrane potential and triggers the activation of caspases 8, 9 and 3 in myeloblastic leukemia HL-60 cells.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 15906362.001).
  • [ISSN] 0020-7136
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES6074; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R01 ES012991; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / R01 ES002388; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES12991; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA93413
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Benzoquinones; 0 / Caspase Inhibitors; 0 / Enzyme Inhibitors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53; 490-91-5 / thymoquinone; EC 3.4.22.- / CASP8 protein, human; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 8; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspases
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75. Buyukhatipoglu H, Sevinc A, Camci C, Buyukberber S, Sari I: A case representing coexistence of acute myeloblastic leukemia and dedifferentiated liposarcoma: the possible role of chemotherapy in triggering dedifferentiation. Clin Lab Haematol; 2006 Oct;28(5):343-6
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  • [Title] A case representing coexistence of acute myeloblastic leukemia and dedifferentiated liposarcoma: the possible role of chemotherapy in triggering dedifferentiation.
  • Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a hematological disorder that is characterized by an abnormal proliferation of immature myeloid cells.
  • To date, the coexistence of AML and liposarcoma has not been reported in the literature.
  • In this paper, we report on a case of coexistence of AML and liposarcoma, and on the unusual behavior of a well-differentiated tumor after dedifferentiation occurs.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Liposarcoma / chemically induced

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  • (PMID = 16999727.001).
  • [ISSN] 0141-9854
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and laboratory haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Lab Haematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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76. Entz-Werle N, Suciu S, van der Werff ten Bosch J, Vilmer E, Bertrand Y, Benoit Y, Margueritte G, Plouvier E, Boutard P, Vandecruys E, Ferster A, Lutz P, Uyttebroeck A, Hoyoux C, Thyss A, Rialland X, Norton L, Pages MP, Philippe N, Otten J, Behar C, EORTC Children Leukemia Group: Results of 58872 and 58921 trials in acute myeloblastic leukemia and relative value of chemotherapy vs allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in first complete remission: the EORTC Children Leukemia Group report. Leukemia; 2005 Dec;19(12):2072-81
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  • [Title] Results of 58872 and 58921 trials in acute myeloblastic leukemia and relative value of chemotherapy vs allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in first complete remission: the EORTC Children Leukemia Group report.
  • The first EORTC (European Organization of Research and Treatment of Cancer) acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) pilot study (58872) was conducted between January 1988 and December 1991.
  • It indicated that mitoxantrone could be substituted for conventional anthracyclines in the treatment of childhood AML without inducing cardiotoxicity.
  • In patients with or without a donor, the 7-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 63 (8) and 57% (5%) and the 7-year survival rate was 78 (7) and 65% (5%), respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Protocols / standards. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16136166.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5U10-CA11488-18; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5U10-CA11488-35
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase III; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
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77. Gutierrez-Aguirre CH, Cantú-Rodríguez OG, Gonzalez-Llano O, Salazar-Riojas R, Martinez-González O, Jaime-Pérez JC, Morales-Toquero A, Tarín-Arzaga LC, Ruiz-Argüelles GJ, Gómez-Almaguer D: Non-myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is of limited value in advanced or refractory acute myeloblastic leukemia. The Mexican experience. Hematology; 2007 Jun;12(3):193-7
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  • [Title] Non-myeloablative hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is of limited value in advanced or refractory acute myeloblastic leukemia. The Mexican experience.
  • Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is an effective strategy for preventing relapse of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
  • We analyzed the outcome of 31 primary AML patients who received a reduced-intensity conditioning regimen for allogeneic HSCT in first or second remission.
  • Thirty-one AML patients, 20 in first complete remission (FCR), 8 in second complete remission (SCR) and 3 in a partial remission (SPR) were included.
  • All patients received cyclosporine-A (CsA) and methotrexate as graft vs. host disease (GvHD) prophylaxis.
  • All patients showed myeloid engraftment (neutrophils >0.5 x 10(9)/l) after a median of 13 days in FCR group and 15 days in SCR group.
  • Conclusions. Reduced-intensity conditioning followed by allogeneic HSCT can induce stable remission in primary AML patients transplanted in FCR.
  • A high relapse rate was documented in patients with refractory or relapsed AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Busulfan / administration & dosage. Child. Child, Preschool. Cyclophosphamide / administration & dosage. Cyclosporine / administration & dosage. Graft Survival. Graft vs Host Disease / drug therapy. Graft vs Host Disease / prevention & control. Humans. Mexico. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Salvage Therapy / methods. Transplantation Conditioning / methods. Treatment Outcome. Vidarabine / administration & dosage. Vidarabine / analogs & derivatives

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  • (PMID = 17558694.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-8454
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 83HN0GTJ6D / Cyclosporine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; FA2DM6879K / Vidarabine; G1LN9045DK / Busulfan; P2K93U8740 / fludarabine
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78. Nishida S, Hosen N, Shirakata T, Kanato K, Yanagihara M, Nakatsuka S, Hoshida Y, Nakazawa T, Harada Y, Tatsumi N, Tsuboi A, Kawakami M, Oka Y, Oji Y, Aozasa K, Kawase I, Sugiyama H: AML1-ETO rapidly induces acute myeloblastic leukemia in cooperation with the Wilms tumor gene, WT1. Blood; 2006 Apr 15;107(8):3303-12
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  • [Title] AML1-ETO rapidly induces acute myeloblastic leukemia in cooperation with the Wilms tumor gene, WT1.
  • AML1-ETO, a chimeric gene frequently detected in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), inhibits the differentiation of myeloid progenitors by suppressing genes associated with myeloid differentiation and increases the replating ability of clonogenic myeloid progenitors.
  • However, AML1-ETO alone cannot induce AML and thus additional genetic events are required for the onset of AML.
  • The Wilms tumor gene (WT1), which has been identified as the gene responsible for Wilms tumor, is expressed at high levels in almost all human leukemias.
  • AML1-ETO-transduced bone marrow (BM) cells from WT1-Tg mice exhibited inhibition of myeloid differentiation at more immature stages and higher in vitro colony-forming ability compared with AML1-ETO-transduced BM cells from wild-type mice.
  • Most importantly, all of the mice that received a transplant of AML1-ETO-transduced BM cells from the WT1-Tg mice rapidly developed AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Differentiation / genetics. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Myeloid Progenitor Cells / metabolism. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. WT1 Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16380455.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AML1-ETO fusion protein, human; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / WT1 Proteins
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79. Ogawa M, Sakashita K, Zhao XY, Hayakawa A, Kubota T, Koike K: Analysis of histone modification around the CpG island region of the p15 gene in acute myeloblastic leukemia. Leuk Res; 2007 May;31(5):611-21
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  • [Title] Analysis of histone modification around the CpG island region of the p15 gene in acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • Seven of 11 patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) had allele(s) in which more than half of 27 CpG sites in the p15 gene were methylated.
  • The p15 CpG island region was surrounded with both the acetylated histone H3 (AcH3) and dimethylated histone H3-lysine 9 (MeH3K9) in bone marrow cells of AML patients, whereas with AcH3 alone in normal marrow cells.
  • These results suggest perturbed modifications of histone H3 around the p15 CpG island region in AML.
  • [MeSH-major] CpG Islands. Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15 / genetics. DNA Methylation. Histones / metabolism. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17074388.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15; 0 / Histones
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80. De Braekeleer E, Douet-Guilbert N, Le Bris MJ, Morel F, Férec C, De Braekeleer M: RUNX1-MTG16 fusion gene in acute myeloblastic leukemia with t(16;21)(q24;q22): case report and review of the literature. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2008 Aug;185(1):47-50
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  • [Title] RUNX1-MTG16 fusion gene in acute myeloblastic leukemia with t(16;21)(q24;q22): case report and review of the literature.
  • A diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) type 2 (FAB classification) was made.
  • The t(16;21)(q24;q22) has been described in 16 AML cases, including ours.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Phosphoproteins / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics. Translocation, Genetic. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18656694.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CBFA2T3 protein, human; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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81. Douet-Guilbert N, Morel F, Le Bris MJ, Herry A, Morice P, Bourquard P, Banzakour S, Le Calvez G, Marion V, Berthou C, De Braekeleer M: Rearrangement of the MLL gene in acute myeloblastic leukemia: report of two rare translocations. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 Mar;157(2):169-74
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  • [Title] Rearrangement of the MLL gene in acute myeloblastic leukemia: report of two rare translocations.
  • We report here 2 male adults in whom a diagnosis of acute myelomonoblastic leukemia (FAB M4) and acute monoblastic leukemia (FAB M5) was made.
  • Fourteen and 24 patients, including ours, with acute myeloblastic leukemia associated with a t(1;11)(p32;q23) and a t(11;17)(q23;q21), respectively have been reported in the literature.
  • Several patients with the latter translocation have also been identified to have acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Although both translocations are preferentially associated with monocytic differentiation, the t(11;17)(q23;q21) is more common in adults and has been reported in many patients with ALL, compared to the t(1;11)(p32;q23).
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Proto-Oncogenes / genetics. Transcription Factors / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein

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  • (PMID = 15721641.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / MLL protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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82. Oka S, Muroi K, Matsuyama T, Sato K, Ueda M, Toshima M, Suzuki T, Ozaki K, Mori M, Takubo T, Nagai T, Hanafusa T, Ozawa K: Correlation between flow cytometric identification of CD33-positive cells and morphological evaluation of myeloblasts in bone marrow of patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia. Hematology; 2009 Jun;14(3):133-8
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  • [Title] Correlation between flow cytometric identification of CD33-positive cells and morphological evaluation of myeloblasts in bone marrow of patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • Determination of the percentage of myeloblasts in bone marrow is important for the evaluation of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) and related disorders.
  • Using flow cytometry with a CD45-blast gate (FCM/CD45), 226 bone marrow aspiration samples serially collected from 71 patients with de novo AML were analyzed.
  • The identification of CD33+ cells by FCM/CD45 is useful for the evaluation of bone marrow myeloblasts in AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / immunology. Antigens, CD45 / immunology. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / immunology. Bone Marrow Cells / cytology. Flow Cytometry / methods. Granulocyte Precursor Cells / cytology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19490757.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-8454
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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83. Cho WH, Choi YJ, Choi BK, Cha SH: Isolated recurrence of intracranial granulocytic sarcoma mimicking a falx meningioma in acute myeloblastic leukemia. J Korean Neurosurg Soc; 2010 May;47(5):385-8

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  • [Title] Isolated recurrence of intracranial granulocytic sarcoma mimicking a falx meningioma in acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • Intracranial granulocytic sarcomas are rare tumors, which are composed of immature granulocytic cells.
  • Although it has been well known that these tumors are associated with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML), they have been almost always related to bone marrow relapse.
  • However, isolated recurrence of granulocytic sarcoma following complete remission from prior AML is extremely rare, especially in the central nervous system.
  • A 44-year-old male presented with isolated recurrence of granulocytic sarcoma mimicking a falx meningioma two years after complete remission by allogenic peripheral blood stem cell transfusion (PBSCT) in the acute myelomonoblastic leukemia (FAB, M4).
  • Pathological findings were compatible with the granulocytic sarcoma.

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  • (PMID = 20539800.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-7876
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Korean Neurosurg Soc
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2883061
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Chloroma / Granulocytic sarcoma / Leukemia
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84. Taksin AL, Legrand O, Raffoux E, de Revel T, Thomas X, Contentin N, Bouabdallah R, Pautas C, Turlure P, Reman O, Gardin C, Varet B, de Botton S, Pousset F, Farhat H, Chevret S, Dombret H, Castaigne S: High efficacy and safety profile of fractionated doses of Mylotarg as induction therapy in patients with relapsed acute myeloblastic leukemia: a prospective study of the alfa group. Leukemia; 2007 Jan;21(1):66-71
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  • [Title] High efficacy and safety profile of fractionated doses of Mylotarg as induction therapy in patients with relapsed acute myeloblastic leukemia: a prospective study of the alfa group.
  • Pivotal phase II studies in acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) patients in first relapse have used gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) (Mylotarg) at a dose of 9 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 14.
  • Based on in vitro studies showing a re-expression of CD33 antigenic sites on the cell surface of blasts cells after exposure to GO, we hypothesized that fractionated doses of GO may be efficient and better tolerated.
  • Fifty-seven patients with AML in first relapse received GO at a dose of 3 mg/m(2) on days 1, 4 and 7 for one course.
  • No veno-occlusive disease occurred after GO or after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation given after GO in seven patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoglycosides / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized. Antigens, CD / blood. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / blood. Disease-Free Survival. Drug Administration Schedule. Humans. Middle Aged. Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins / blood. P-Glycoprotein / blood. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3

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  • (PMID = 17051246.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoglycosides; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins; 0 / P-Glycoprotein; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; 0 / gemtuzumab; 0 / multidrug resistance-associated protein 1
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85. Shen M, Yen A: Nicotinamide cooperates with retinoic acid and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) to regulate cell differentiation and cell cycle arrest of human myeloblastic leukemia cells. Oncology; 2009;76(2):91-100
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  • [Title] Nicotinamide cooperates with retinoic acid and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) to regulate cell differentiation and cell cycle arrest of human myeloblastic leukemia cells.
  • Nicotinamide, the amide derivative of vitamin B(3), cooperates with retinoic acid (RA), a form of vitamin A, and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (D3), to regulate cell differentiation and proliferation of human myeloblastic leukemia cells.
  • In human myeloblastic leukemia cells, RA or D3 are known to cause MAPK signaling leading to myeloid or monocytic differentiation and G0 cell cycle arrest.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcitriol / metabolism. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Niacinamide / administration & dosage. Tretinoin / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 19127080.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0232
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA033505
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD11b; 0 / Antigens, CD14; 25X51I8RD4 / Niacinamide; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; EC 2.7.11.24 / Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases; EC 3.2.2.5 / Antigens, CD38; FXC9231JVH / Calcitriol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2826433
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86. Pamuk GE, Taşçi M, Oztürk E, Demir M: Successful treatment of severe gastrointestinal bleeding after chemotherapy in acute myeloblastic leukemia with recombinant activated factor VII : report on one case and review of other uses in acute leukemias. Med Oncol; 2010 Mar;27(1):16-9
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  • [Title] Successful treatment of severe gastrointestinal bleeding after chemotherapy in acute myeloblastic leukemia with recombinant activated factor VII : report on one case and review of other uses in acute leukemias.
  • Hemorrhage is a frequent complication in patients with acute leukemias as a result of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression.
  • We present our 44-year-old female patient who had gastrointestinal system bleeding after remission induction therapy for acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Factor VIIa / administration & dosage. Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Recombinant Proteins / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 19137431.001).
  • [ISSN] 1559-131X
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; EC 3.4.21.21 / Factor VIIa; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
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87. Savva NN, Belevtsev MV, Savitskiĭ VP, Migal' NV, Movchan LV, Aleĭnikova OV: [Role of three-color flow cytofluorometry in the algorithm for detection of minimal residual disease in children with acute lymphoblastic and acute myeloblastic leukemia]. Klin Lab Diagn; 2009 Dec;(12):15-8
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  • [Title] [Role of three-color flow cytofluorometry in the algorithm for detection of minimal residual disease in children with acute lymphoblastic and acute myeloblastic leukemia].
  • Three-color flow cytofluorometry (FCF) was used to identify minimal residual disease in 124 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated in accordance with the ALL-myeloblastic leukemia (MBL)-2002/2008 protocol and 36 patients with MBL treated under the MBL-MM-2000 protocol.
  • It was shown that approximately a fifth of children with ALL, 3-color FCF could not monitor minimal residual disease, which required the use of 4- or more-color FCF and parallel determination in these MBL samples by molecular genetic methods.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20140998.001).
  • [ISSN] 0869-2084
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinicheskaia laboratornaia diagnostika
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin. Lab. Diagn.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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88. Petit A, Radford I, Waill MC, Romana S, Berger R: NUP98-NSD1 fusion by insertion in acute myeloblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2008 Jan 1;180(1):43-6
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  • [Title] NUP98-NSD1 fusion by insertion in acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • A case of NUP98-NSD1 gene fusion resulting from the insertion of a subtelomeric part of chromosome 11p15.4 within the subtelomeric part of 5q35 was detected in a child with acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5. Gene Fusion. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18068532.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / NUP98-NSD1 protein, human; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
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89. Carré M, Cahn JY: [Should we treat patients over 65 years with acute myeloblastic leukemia?]. Rev Prat; 2010 Dec 20;60(10):1423-6
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  • [Title] [Should we treat patients over 65 years with acute myeloblastic leukemia?].
  • [Transliterated title] Traiter ou non un patient de plus de 65 ans ayant une leucémie aiguë myéloblastique?
  • The incidence of acute myeloblastic leukemia increases with age.
  • The unfavorable biology of the disease, comorbidities, and significant side effects of the intensive treatment make treatment decisions difficult.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Decision Making. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 21425545.001).
  • [ISSN] 0035-2640
  • [Journal-full-title] La Revue du praticien
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Prat
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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90. Olcay L, Dingil G, Yildirim E, Dilek G, Dirim E: Splenic abscesses in therapy-resistant acute myeloblastic leukemia presenting as recurrent febrile neutropenia and unresolved splenomegaly. Turk J Pediatr; 2007 Jul-Sep;49(3):315-8
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  • [Title] Splenic abscesses in therapy-resistant acute myeloblastic leukemia presenting as recurrent febrile neutropenia and unresolved splenomegaly.
  • A 14 7/12-year-old boy with acute myeloblastic leukemia M3v was admitted with disseminated intravascular coagulation, otitis media, lobar pneumonia, and splenomegaly.
  • He developed acute appendicitis and was operated.
  • The pathologic examination confirmed the diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Abscess / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Neutropenia / diagnosis. Splenic Diseases / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Diagnosis, Differential. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Male. Splenomegaly

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  • (PMID = 17990589.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4301
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk. J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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91. Kappelmayer J, Simon A, Katona E, Szanto A, Nagy L, Kiss A, Kiss C, Muszbek L: Coagulation factor XIII-A. A flow cytometric intracellular marker in the classification of acute myeloid leukemias. Thromb Haemost; 2005 Aug;94(2):454-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Coagulation factor XIII-A. A flow cytometric intracellular marker in the classification of acute myeloid leukemias.
  • This study was designed to study the sensitivity and specificity of factor XIII subunit A (FXIII-A) labelling in cultured myeloblastic and monoblastic cell lines and to investigate the intracytoplasmic expression of FXIII-A in de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples.
  • Myeloblastic and a monoblastic cell lines were cultured and investigated for lineage specific maturation markers and FXIII-A expression.
  • Furthermore, FXIII-A expression was investigated in 12 normal samples (7 bone marrow and 5 peripheral blood), 86 de novo AML samples and 6 chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) samples.
  • In the monoblastic MonoMac6 cell line the appearance of FXIII-A preceded that of CD14 while it remained negative in the myeloblastic PLB-985 cell line throughout its maturation period.
  • Among the AML samples the average frequency of FXIII-A positive cells in myeloblastic leukemia samples was below 10%, while in M4 and M5AML samples it was above 50% and was significantly higher than the generally used CD14 marker (p < 0.0001).
  • In the AML M4 and M5 cases, FXIII-A proved sensitive for the identification of monoblasts.
  • FXIII-A can be considered as a reliable intracytoplasmic marker for the monocytic and megakaryocytic series and its presence is highly predictive for mono- and megakaryocytic AML and for CMML.
  • [MeSH-major] Factor XIIIa / metabolism. Factor XIIIa / physiology. Flow Cytometry / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal / metabolism. Antigens, CD14 / biosynthesis. Cell Line. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Lineage. Cells, Cultured. Cytoplasm / metabolism. Granulocytes / cytology. Humans. Leukocytes / metabolism. Megakaryocytes / cytology. Monocytes / cytology. Monocytes / metabolism. Myeloid Cells / cytology. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 16113839.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-6245
  • [Journal-full-title] Thrombosis and haemostasis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thromb. Haemost.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD14; EC 2.3.2.13 / Factor XIIIa
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92. Monzo M, Brunet S, Urbano-Ispizua A, Navarro A, Perea G, Esteve J, Artells R, Granell M, Berlanga J, Ribera JM, Bueno J, Llorente A, Guardia R, Tormo M, Torres P, Nomdedéu JF, Montserrat E, Sierra J, CETLAM: Genomic polymorphisms provide prognostic information in intermediate-risk acute myeloblastic leukemia. Blood; 2006 Jun 15;107(12):4871-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Genomic polymorphisms provide prognostic information in intermediate-risk acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • Current prognostic factors for acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) are not sufficient to accurately predict the group of patients in the intermediate-risk category who will successfully respond to treatment.
  • We used the allelic discrimination method to identify polymorphisms in GSTT1, SULT1C2, CDA, SXR (drug metabolic pathways), XPD, XPA, XPG, ERCC1, TOP2A (DNA repair), VEGF (angiogenesis), and MDR1 (multidrug resistance) genes in 110 adult patients with intermediate-risk AML, enrolled in the CETLAM-99 prospective trial.
  • A multivariate prognostic model adjusted for age, white blood cell (WBC) count, French-American-British group, cytogenetics, MLL rearrangement, internal tandem duplication of FLT3 (FLT3-ITD), induction courses to achieve complete remission, and germline polymorphisms, was used to detect independent risk factors associated with clinical outcome.
  • These findings might be useful in selecting risk-adapted treatment strategies in intermediate-risk AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / mortality. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Polymorphism, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Alleles. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Heterozygote. Humans. Leukocyte Count. Male. Multivariate Analysis. Prognosis. Prospective Studies. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Risk Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16507781.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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93. Memarian A, Jeddi Tehrani M, Vossough P, Sharifian RA, Rabbani H, Shokri F: Expression profile of Wnt molecules in leukemic cells from Iranian patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia. Iran J Immunol; 2007 Sep;4(3):145-54
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  • [Title] Expression profile of Wnt molecules in leukemic cells from Iranian patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression profile of a large number of Wnt genes in leukemic cells from Iranian patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • METHODS: RT-PCR method was used to determine the Wnt genes expression in bone marrow (BM) and/or peripheral blood (PB) samples from 16 patients with AML and PB samples of 36 normal subjects.
  • RESULTS: Among 14 Wnt molecules included in this study, Wnt-7A and Wnt-10A were significantly down-regulated (p = 0.002 and p < 0.0001, respectively) and Wnt-3 was significantly over-expressed (p < 0.02) in AML patients compared to normal subjects.
  • No significant association was found between Wnt expression and FAB classification of the patients.
  • CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated for the first time aberrant expression of Wnt-7A, Wnt-10A and Wnt-3 genes in Iranian AML patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Wnt Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17767013.001).
  • [ISSN] 1735-1383
  • [Journal-full-title] Iranian journal of immunology : IJI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Iran J Immunol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Wnt Proteins
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94. Meng YS, Khoury H, Dick JE, Minden MD: Oncogenic potential of the transcription factor LYL1 in acute myeloblastic leukemia. Leukemia; 2005 Nov;19(11):1941-7
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  • [Title] Oncogenic potential of the transcription factor LYL1 in acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • The LYL1 gene encodes a basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor involved in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Using real-time quantitative RT-PCR assay, we found that the expression of LYL1 was at higher levels in the majority cases of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome when compared to normal bone marrow.
  • Our study also showed that LYL1 was highly expressed in most AML cell lines and in CD34+ AML cells.
  • To determine whether LYL1 had an affect on the phenotype and behavior of myeloid cells, we introduced full-length LYL1 cDNA into K562 cells using electroporation and U937 cells with retroviral infection.
  • Overexpression of LYL1 in U937 cells blocked all-trans retinoic acid-induced monocytic differentiation.
  • These results demonstrate that LYL1 may play a role in early hematopoiesis and may be a potential oncogenic factor in AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / genetics. DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Gene Expression Profiling. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16094422.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / DNA, Complementary; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / LYL1 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin
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95. Kömür M, Erbey F, Bayram I, Tanyeli A: Incidence and prognostic importance of molecular genetic defects in children with acute myeloblastic leukemia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2010;11(5):1393-5
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  • [Title] Incidence and prognostic importance of molecular genetic defects in children with acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • INTRODUCTION: Acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) accounts for 15 to 25 percent of childhood acute leukemias.
  • The most common genetic abnormalities seen in pediatric AML patients are AML1-ETO, PML-RARα and CBFB-MYH11 genes resulting in t(8;21), t(15;17) and inv(16).
  • These genetic defects are seen in approximately 20-25% of AML patients.
  • OBJECTIVE: We investigated in this study, incidence and prognostic significance of the AML1-ETO, PML-RARα and CBFB-MYH11 genes in children with AML.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors analyzed 34 children with AML using the real time-polymerase chain reaction for AML1-ETO, PML-RARα and CBFB-MYH11 genes.
  • CONCLUSION: It was concluded that t(15;17), t(8;21) and inv(16) impact on disease prognosis positively, but comprehensive studies with larger patient series are now needed for confirmation.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 21198299.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / AML1-ETO fusion protein, human; 0 / CBFbeta-MYH11 fusion protein; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor alpha fusion oncoprotein
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96. Slavcheva V, Lukanov T, Tzvetkov N: Two cases of extramedullary myeloid tumor in patients with continuous remission of acute myeloblastic leukemia. J BUON; 2008 Oct-Dec;13(4):589-92
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  • [Title] Two cases of extramedullary myeloid tumor in patients with continuous remission of acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • Myeloid sarcoma is described as tumor mass consisting of myeloblasts or immature myeloid cells, involving extramedullary tissues.
  • It can be initial manifestation of myeloproliferative disorders or relapse of previously treated acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML).
  • We present two patients, one with AML-M2 and the other with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)-M3.
  • After remission induced by conventional chemotherapy, which continued for 3 and 10 years respectively, a myeloid sarcoma was diagnosed.
  • Two years after the diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma the patient died of haemorrhagic stroke.
  • The patient with AML-M2 continued treatment with polychemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19145688.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-0625
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J BUON
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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97. Elouennass M, Doghmi K, Fagot T, Soler C, Mac Nab C, Foissaud V, De Revel T, Hervé V: [Hepatosplenic and kidneys candidasis complicating an acute myeloblastic leukemia. A case treated with voriconazole and caspofungin]. Ann Biol Clin (Paris); 2005 Jul-Aug;63(4):423-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Hepatosplenic and kidneys candidasis complicating an acute myeloblastic leukemia. A case treated with voriconazole and caspofungin].
  • We report the observation of hepato-splenic and kidneys candidiasis complicating the chemotherapy of a myeloblastic leukemia (LAM5b).
  • [MeSH-major] Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Candidiasis / drug therapy. Kidney Diseases / microbiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / microbiology. Liver Diseases / microbiology. Peptides, Cyclic / therapeutic use. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use. Splenic Diseases / microbiology. Triazoles / therapeutic use


98. Kotru M, Batra M, Gomber S, Rusia U: Transient thrombocytosis with megathrombocytes in a case of acute myeloblastic leukemia. Indian J Pathol Microbiol; 2009 Jan-Mar;52(1):113-4
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Transient thrombocytosis with megathrombocytes in a case of acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • It is rarely seen in acute leukemia.
  • A 12-year-old girl with acute myeloblastic leukemia (FAB M2) in remission presented with pyoderma.
  • This case has been presented because thrombocytosis is rare in AML and its appearance calls for a close follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Thrombocytosis / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19136802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0974-5130
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pathology & microbiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pathol Microbiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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99. Tempescul A, Guillerm G, Douet-Guilbert N, Morel F, Le Bris MJ, De Braekeleer M: Translocation (10;17)(p15;q21) is a recurrent anomaly in acute myeloblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2007 Jan 1;172(1):74-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Translocation (10;17)(p15;q21) is a recurrent anomaly in acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • We report here two cases of patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia, type M1 (FAB classification), associated with a t(10;17)(p15;q21).
  • Four other patients with this translocation have been reported, three of them having acute undifferentiated or poorly differentiated leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17175384.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Receptors, Retinoic Acid; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / retinoic acid receptor alpha; 143220-95-5 / PML protein, human
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100. Horikoshi A, Takei K, Iriyama N, Uenogawa K, Ishizuka H, Shiraiwa H, Hosokawa Y, Sawada S, Kitoh T: Effect of L-asparaginase combined with vincristine and prednisolone on acute myeloblastic leukemia (M0) associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Acta Haematol; 2009;122(1):54-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of L-asparaginase combined with vincristine and prednisolone on acute myeloblastic leukemia (M0) associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • She was eventually diagnosed as having acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML;.
  • We investigated the therapeutic efficacy of L-asparaginase (L-Asp), vincristine and prednisolone for both her AML and NHL.
  • Asparagine synthetase (AS) activity in her AML blast cells was undetectable.
  • A lymph node biopsy specimen revealed NHL of the marginal zone B cell type.
  • Complete remission (CR) of AML and NHL was achieved.
  • CR of the AML lasted for 18 months without further consolidation therapy.
  • We conclude that L-Asp can be an effective drug for the treatment of AML in which blasts are negative for AS.
  • [MeSH-major] Asparaginase / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / drug therapy. Prednisolone / therapeutic use. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.
  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. PREDNISOLONE .
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  • [Copyright] 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 19816010.001).
  • [ISSN] 1421-9662
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; EC 6.3.1.1 / Aspartate-Ammonia Ligase
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