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6. Maslak PG, Dao T, Krug LM, Chanel S, Korontsvit T, Zakhaleva V, Zhang R, Wolchok JD, Yuan J, Pinilla-Ibarz J, Berman E, Weiss M, Jurcic J, Frattini MG, Scheinberg DA: Vaccination with synthetic analog peptides derived from WT1 oncoprotein induces T-cell responses in patients with complete remission from acute myeloid leukemia. Blood; 2010 Jul 15;116(2):171-9
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  • [Title] Vaccination with synthetic analog peptides derived from WT1 oncoprotein induces T-cell responses in patients with complete remission from acute myeloid leukemia.
  • A pilot study was undertaken to assess the safety, activity, and immunogenicity of a polyvalent Wilms tumor gene 1 (WT1) peptide vaccine in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission but with molecular evidence of WT1 transcript.
  • With a mean follow-up of 30 plus or minus 8 months after diagnosis, median disease-free survival has not been reached.
  • Further studies are needed to establish the role of vaccination as viable postremission therapy for acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Cancer Vaccines / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Oncogene Proteins / therapeutic use. Vaccination / methods. WT1 Proteins / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. Cytotoxicity, Immunologic. Disease-Free Survival. Female. HLA-A Antigens / genetics. HLA-A Antigens / immunology. HLA-A2 Antigen. Humans. Hypersensitivity, Delayed / immunology. Interferon-gamma / biosynthesis. Interferon-gamma / immunology. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Pilot Projects. Remission Induction. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Vaccines, Subunit / genetics. Vaccines, Subunit / immunology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20400682.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00398138
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA023766; United States / PHS HHS / / P01 23766
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cancer Vaccines; 0 / HLA-A Antigens; 0 / HLA-A*02:01 antigen; 0 / HLA-A2 Antigen; 0 / Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Vaccines, Subunit; 0 / WT1 Proteins; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2910606
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7. Brune M, Castaigne S, Catalano J, Gehlsen K, Ho AD, Hofmann WK, Hogge DE, Nilsson B, Or R, Romero AI, Rowe JM, Simonsson B, Spearing R, Stadtmauer EA, Szer J, Wallhult E, Hellstrand K: Improved leukemia-free survival after postconsolidation immunotherapy with histamine dihydrochloride and interleukin-2 in acute myeloid leukemia: results of a randomized phase 3 trial. Blood; 2006 Jul 1;108(1):88-96
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  • [Title] Improved leukemia-free survival after postconsolidation immunotherapy with histamine dihydrochloride and interleukin-2 in acute myeloid leukemia: results of a randomized phase 3 trial.
  • The primary objective of this phase 3 study was to determine whether postconsolidation immunotherapy with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and histamine dihydrochloride (HDC) improved the leukemia-free survival (LFS) of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in complete remission (CR).
  • Three hundred twenty patients with AML (median age, 57 years; range, 18-84 years) were stratified by CR1 or subsequent CR (CR > 1) and randomly assigned to treatment with HDC/IL-2 or no treatment (control).
  • Study arms were balanced for age, sex, previous treatment, leukemic karyotypes, time from CR to inclusion, and frequency of secondary leukemia.
  • These results indicate that HDC/IL-2 treatment offers an efficacious and tolerable treatment for patients with AML in remission.
  • [MeSH-major] Histamine / therapeutic use. Immunotherapy. Interleukin-2 / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Proportional Hazards Models. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16556892.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase III; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interleukin-2; 820484N8I3 / Histamine
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8. Grant R, Keidan J: False positive Kleihauer results: an unusual cause in a postnatal patient in remission from acute myeloid leukaemia. Int J Lab Hematol; 2009 Apr;31(2):241-4
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  • [Title] False positive Kleihauer results: an unusual cause in a postnatal patient in remission from acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • A 34-year-old woman, in remission from acute myeloid leukaemia, had a positive postnatal Kleihauer result.
  • Hereditary persistence of foetal haemoglobin was excluded as a Kleihauer test performed in a pregnancy prior to the development of leukaemia was negative.
  • In this case, the patient was confirmed to be in a true molecular remission from leukaemia and yet appeared to have a residual clonal population of HbF erythrocytes; the significance of this finding remains unclear.
  • [MeSH-major] Fetal Hemoglobin / analysis. Hemoglobin A2 / analysis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / blood. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 19267811.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-553X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of laboratory hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Lab Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 9034-53-1 / Hemoglobin A2; 9034-63-3 / Fetal Hemoglobin; X6Q56QN5QC / Hydroxyurea
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9. Tsavaris N, Kopterides P, Kosmas C, Siakantaris M, Patsouris E, Pangalis G: Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia associated with GnRH agonist treatment. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Mar;47(3):557-60
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  • [Title] Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia associated with GnRH agonist treatment.
  • Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults is a rare but well documented phenomenon.
  • This study reports on a 64-year-old male patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML-M4, according to the French-American-British classification) that was developed on a background of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and then underwent remission after treatment with the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) triptorelin for presumed prostate cancer.
  • Remission persisted for at least 4 years before the patient was lost to follow-up.
  • To the author' knowledge, this is the first report of remission in an AML-M4 case associated with hormone manipulation.
  • [MeSH-major] Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone / agonists. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / drug therapy. Triptorelin Pamoate / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission, Spontaneous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16396781.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 33515-09-2 / Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone; 57773-63-4 / Triptorelin Pamoate
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10. Slavcheva V, Lukanov T, Tzvetkov N: Two cases of extramedullary myeloid tumor in patients with continuous remission of acute myeloblastic leukemia. J BUON; 2008 Oct-Dec;13(4):589-92
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  • [Title] Two cases of extramedullary myeloid tumor in patients with continuous remission of acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • Myeloid sarcoma is described as tumor mass consisting of myeloblasts or immature myeloid cells, involving extramedullary tissues.
  • It can be initial manifestation of myeloproliferative disorders or relapse of previously treated acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML).
  • We present two patients, one with AML-M2 and the other with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)-M3.
  • After remission induced by conventional chemotherapy, which continued for 3 and 10 years respectively, a myeloid sarcoma was diagnosed.
  • Two years after the diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma the patient died of haemorrhagic stroke.
  • The patient with AML-M2 continued treatment with polychemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19145688.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-0625
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J BUON
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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11. Bhatia N, Wallace T, Divgi A, Short V: Myeloid sarcoma presenting as an isolated nodule in a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia. J Drugs Dermatol; 2007 Apr;6(4):447-50
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  • [Title] Myeloid sarcoma presenting as an isolated nodule in a patient with acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • We report a case of an elderly female in remission from acute myelogenous leukemia that presented with a nonhealing enlarging asymptomatic nodule on her right thigh.
  • A wide excision of the nodule and histological examination revealed myeloid sarcoma without evidence or overlap of leukemia cutis, which had been suspected from nodules that had developed early in the course of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis. Skin Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Radiotherapy. Treatment Outcome


12. Rubnitz J, Inaba H, Ribeiro R, Pounds S, Pui C, Leung W: Pilot study of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10034

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pilot study of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia.
  • We hypothesized that the transplantation of purified haploidentical NK cells may be a safe and effective form of consolidation therapy that will reduce the risk of relapse among children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are not treated with HSCT.
  • In this pilot study, we assessed the safety, feasibility, and engraftment of NK cell infusions in 10 patients with AML in first remission.
  • RESULTS: The 10 patients had a median age of 2.5 years (range, 8 months to 21 years) and a median leukocyte count of 62 x 10<sup>9</sup>/L (range, 4 to 487) at diagnosis.
  • One patient had prolonged NK engraftment (189 days), but no non-hematological toxicity.
  • Grade 3-4 non-hematological toxicity was limited to one respiratory viral infection and one episode of febrile neutropenia.
  • With a median follow-up time of 637 days, all patients remain in remission.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Haploidentical NK cells can be safely administered to AML patients who are in remission.
  • We have recently opened a new trial to evaluate the efficacy of NK cell therapy in children in first remission of AML.

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  • (PMID = 27962581.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Hudecek M, Bartsch K, Jäkel N, Heyn S, Pfannes R, Al-Ali HK, Cross M, Pönisch W, Gerecke U, Edelmann J, Ittel T, Niederwieser D: Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia relapse after hematopoietic cell transplantation in a high-risk patient with 11q23/MLL abnormality. Acta Haematol; 2008;119(2):111-4
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  • [Title] Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia relapse after hematopoietic cell transplantation in a high-risk patient with 11q23/MLL abnormality.
  • A 35-year-old female patient was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia with multiple genetic aberrations [48 XX, del(3)(q21), +6, t(11;15)(q23;q15), +21] including an 11q23/MLL abnormality.
  • The patient achieved a complete remission after one induction chemotherapy cycle.
  • A bone marrow aspirate revealed 55% leukemic blasts carrying the unfavorable genetic aberrations seen at initial diagnosis (11q23/MLL).
  • In the absence of any disease-specific treatment, the leukemic blasts cleared from the bone marrow within 6 days after diagnosis of relapse and peripheral blood counts returned to normal.
  • This is the first report of spontaneous remission in a patient with initially a multiaberrant leukemic cell clone and a proven 11q23/MLL abnormality at relapse after HCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Marrow Examination. Female. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Recurrence. Remission, Spontaneous

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  • [Copyright] 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 18367831.001).
  • [ISSN] 1421-9662
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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4. Lipton J, Joffe S, Ullrich NJ: CNS relapse of acute myelogenous leukemia masquerading as pseudotumor cerebri. Pediatr Neurol; 2008 Nov;39(5):355-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] CNS relapse of acute myelogenous leukemia masquerading as pseudotumor cerebri.
  • An 18-year-old man in remission from acute myelogenous leukemia 3 years after a bone marrow transplant presented with signs of pseudotumor cerebri, including headache, visual changes, and papilledema.
  • He was diagnosed with an isolated central nervous system relapse of acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Although the precise etiology remains elusive, this case demonstrates that pseudotumor cerebri must remain within the differential diagnosis after other complications are excluded, particularly in persons with underlying hematologic malignancies.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Pseudotumor Cerebri / diagnosis. Pseudotumor Cerebri / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Biopsy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Recurrence


15. Gorin NC, Labopin M, Frassoni F, Milpied N, Attal M, Blaise D, Meloni G, Iori AP, Michallet M, Willemze R, Deconninck E, Harousseau JL, Polge E, Rocha V: Identical outcome after autologous or allogeneic genoidentical hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation in first remission of acute myelocytic leukemia carrying inversion 16 or t(8;21): a retrospective study from the European Cooperative Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Jul 1;26(19):3183-8
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  • [Title] Identical outcome after autologous or allogeneic genoidentical hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation in first remission of acute myelocytic leukemia carrying inversion 16 or t(8;21): a retrospective study from the European Cooperative Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
  • PURPOSE: Patients with acute myelocytic leukemia carrying inversion 16 (inv16) or t(8;21) have a better initial response to high-dose cytarabine than patients without these chromosomal abnormalities.
  • They presently do not undergo transplantation in first remission (CR1), but there is concern about late relapses.
  • RESULTS: In patients with inv16, after allogeneic and autologous transplantation, the 5-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) rates were 59% and 66% (P = .5), the relapse incidence (RI) rates were 27% and 32% (P = .45), and the transplantation-related mortality (TRM) rates were 14% and 2% (P = .003), respectively.
  • Younger age and a lower WBC count at diagnosis were associated with a lower TRM and a better LFS.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Chi-Square Distribution. Chromosome Inversion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Statistics, Nonparametric. Surveys and Questionnaires. Transplantation, Autologous. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18506024.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Milligan KS, Phillips DL: Perioral numbness associated with intravenous pentamidine administration. Ann Pharmacother; 2007 Jan;41(1):153-6
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  • CASE SUMMARY: A 56-year-old female with acute myelogenous leukemia in remission developed Pneumocystis carinii infection.

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  • (PMID = 17164393.001).
  • [ISSN] 1542-6270
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of pharmacotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann Pharmacother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 673LC5J4LQ / Pentamidine
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17. Anderson GA, Braaten K: Prostatic extramedullary leukemia as a first site of relapse of acute nonlymphocytic leukemia. Urol Oncol; 2005 Nov-Dec;23(6):419-21
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  • [Title] Prostatic extramedullary leukemia as a first site of relapse of acute nonlymphocytic leukemia.
  • Extramedullary leukemia (EML) is an uncommon clinical diagnosis in patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia (ANLL).
  • Prostatic EML as a first site of ANLL relapse is even more rare.
  • We describe an additional case of prostatic EML as a site of ANLL relapse.
  • An asymptomatic male in ANLL remission was found to have a normal prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and a myeloid leukemic infiltrate in a newly diagnosed prostate nodule.
  • Staging was negative for ANLL relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology. Prostatic Neoplasms / secondary

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  • (PMID = 16301120.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] Urologic oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Urol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Gonen C, Celik I, Cetinkaya YS, Haznedaroglu I: Cytarabine-induced fever complicating the clinical course of leukemia. Anticancer Drugs; 2005 Jan;16(1):59-62
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  • [Title] Cytarabine-induced fever complicating the clinical course of leukemia.
  • The aim of this study is to assess the frequency and clinical characteristics of cytosine arabinoside-induced fever in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in remission, receiving high-dose (3 g/m2) consolidation therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / adverse effects. Cytarabine / adverse effects. Fever / chemically induced. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 15613905.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-4973
  • [Journal-full-title] Anti-cancer drugs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Drugs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
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19. Al-Tawfiq JA, Al-Khatti AA: Spontaneous remission of acute monocytic leukemia after infection with Clostridium septicum. Int J Lab Hematol; 2007 Oct;29(5):386-9

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  • [Title] Spontaneous remission of acute monocytic leukemia after infection with Clostridium septicum.
  • Spontaneous remissions of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have been reported in association with infection.
  • Here, we report a case of spontaneous remission of AML in a 47-year-old Saudi Arabian male patient who presented with a few weeks history of recurrent abdominal pain, vomiting and fever.
  • He was diagnosed with acute monocytic leukemia (AML, FAB M5b) and a perforated bowel.
  • Six weeks later, he achieved spontaneous and complete remission lasting for about 4 months.
  • The remission and relapse were documented by bone marrow examination.
  • Similarly, previous reports of spontaneous remission of AML were short lived and were followed by relapse and progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Clostridium Infections / complications. Clostridium septicum / pathogenicity. Intestinal Perforation / complications. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Remission, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 17824921.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of laboratory hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Lab Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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20. Chang HH, Lu MY, Jou ST, Lin KH, Tien HF, Wu ET, Lin DT: Neoplastic disorders of hematopoiesis in children with Down's syndrome--a single institution experience in Taiwan. J Formos Med Assoc; 2005 May;104(5):333-40
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  • METHODS: All DS patients aged < 18 years of age with a diagnosis of leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) from 1990 to 2002 were included in this retrospective study.
  • The clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients, including age at diagnosis, gender, initial hemogram, cytogenetic findings, immunophenotype, treatment regimen and outcomes were analyzed.
  • Among them, 9 patients (56%) had acute myeloid leukemia (AML), mainly of the megakaryoblastic subtype.
  • All 8 AML patients who had analyzable metaphase cells revealed clonal chromosomal abnormalities in addition to trisomy 21.
  • Three of these patients developed MDS prior to the onset of AML.
  • Of the 5 patients who underwent chemotherapy, 3 remained in remission with a survival time of 29, 59, and 109 months, and the remaining 2 died as a consequence of chemotherapy toxicity.
  • Among the 6 patients (38%) who developed transient myeloproliferative disorder, 2 were lost to follow-up, 2 died from DS-associated congenital heart abnormalities and 2 survived without any AML changes.
  • The remaining 1 patient (6%) who developed ALL was still in his first remission although this patient suffered profound chemotherapy complications during treatment.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study found that AML is the most common hematologic neoplasm in Taiwanese children with DS, especially megakaryoblastic leukemia.
  • Long-term remission of AML in DS patients can be achieved with appropriate treatment.

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  • (PMID = 15959600.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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21. Kinoshita T, Yokokawa M, Yashiro N: Multicentric granulocytic sarcoma of the breast: mammographic, sonographic, and MR findings. Clin Imaging; 2006 Jul-Aug;30(4):271-4
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  • [Title] Multicentric granulocytic sarcoma of the breast: mammographic, sonographic, and MR findings.
  • A rare case of granulocytic sarcoma (GS) of the bilateral breasts after complete remission of acute myelogenous leukemia is reported.
  • [MeSH-major] Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Mammography. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis. Ultrasonography
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Rare Diseases / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16814144.001).
  • [ISSN] 0899-7071
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Mejdoubi M, Huynh A, Danho C, Boot B: Cervical spondylodiscitis caused by Blastoschizomyces capitatus. Infection; 2009 Apr;37(2):153-5
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  • A 37-year-old woman, during her second remission of acute myeloid leukemia, presented with severe neck pain and cervico-brachial neuralgia.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Amphotericin B / therapeutic use. Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Neck / radiography. Neck / ultrasonography. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use. Tomography, X-Ray Computed. Triazoles / therapeutic use. Voriconazole

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  • (PMID = 18231719.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0973
  • [Journal-full-title] Infection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Infection
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Pyrimidines; 0 / Triazoles; 0 / liposomal amphotericin B; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B; JFU09I87TR / Voriconazole
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23. Hsiao PJ, Kuo SM, Chen JH, Lin HF, Chu PL, Lin SH, Ho CL: Acute myelogenous leukemia and acute leukemic appendicitis: a case report. World J Gastroenterol; 2009 Nov 28;15(44):5624-5
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  • [Title] Acute myelogenous leukemia and acute leukemic appendicitis: a case report.
  • Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) can involve the gastrointestinal tract but rarely involves the appendix.
  • We report a male patient who had 1 year partial remission from AML and who presented with apparent acute appendicitis as the initial manifestation of leukemia relapse.
  • Pathological findings of the appendix revealed transmural infiltrates of myeloblasts, which indicated a diagnosis of leukemia.
  • Although leukemic cell infiltration of the appendix is uncommon, patients with leukemia relapse can present with symptoms mimicking acute appendicitis.
  • [MeSH-major] Appendicitis / complications. Appendicitis / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Appendectomy. Disease Progression. Granulocyte Precursor Cells / cytology. Humans. Leukemic Infiltration / diagnosis. Leukemic Infiltration / pathology. Male. Recurrence. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology. Treatment Outcome

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  • [Cites] Acta Haematol. 2003;109(4):199-201 [12853694.001]
  • [Cites] Oncology. 1978;35(2):87-96 [274679.001]
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  • (PMID = 19938205.001).
  • [ISSN] 2219-2840
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2785068
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24. Katsuya H, Takata T, Ishikawa T, Sasaki H, Ishitsuka K, Takamatsu Y, Tamura K: A patient with acute myeloid leukemia who developed fatal pneumonia caused by carbapenem-resistant Bacillus cereus. J Infect Chemother; 2009 Feb;15(1):39-41
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  • [Title] A patient with acute myeloid leukemia who developed fatal pneumonia caused by carbapenem-resistant Bacillus cereus.
  • We report a case of fatal pneumonia caused by B. cereus in a patient with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) during remission induction therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Bacillaceae Infections / microbiology. Bacillus cereus / drug effects. Carbapenems / pharmacology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Pneumonia, Bacterial / microbiology. beta-Lactam Resistance
  • [MeSH-minor] Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology. Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Immunocompromised Host. Lung / radiography. Male. Middle Aged. Neutropenia. Remission Induction. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19280299.001).
  • [ISSN] 1341-321X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of infection and chemotherapy : official journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Infect. Chemother.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Carbapenems
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25. Numata A, Matsuishi E, Koyanagi K, Saito S, Miyamoto Y, Irie K, Gondo H, Harada M: Successful therapy with whole-lung lavage and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis complicating acute myelogenous leukemia. Am J Hematol; 2006 Feb;81(2):107-9
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  • [Title] Successful therapy with whole-lung lavage and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis complicating acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • A 43-year-old man with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) was found to be complicated with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP), which was confirmed by biochemical and histological findings.
  • After achievement of complete remission of AML, he underwent whole-lung lavages twice between intensive chemotherapies.
  • He has been in remission for 25 months after transplant with no recurrence of PAP.
  • [MeSH-major] Bronchoalveolar Lavage. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Humans. Male. Remission Induction / methods. Transplantation, Autologous

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  • [Copyright] 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16432866.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Lee JH, Choi SJ, Lee JH, Lee YS, Seol M, Ryu SG, Jang S, Park CJ, Chi HS, Lee JS, Kim WK, Lee KH: Continuous infusion intermediate-dose cytarabine, mitoxantrone, plus etoposide for refractory or early relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia. Leuk Res; 2006 Feb;30(2):204-10
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  • [Title] Continuous infusion intermediate-dose cytarabine, mitoxantrone, plus etoposide for refractory or early relapsed acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • For refractory and early relapsed AML, this prospective phase II clinical trial evaluated a salvage chemotherapy regimen, which was consisted of continuous infusion intermediate-dose cytarabine (1g/m(2)/day, 24h i.v. infusion x 5), mitoxantrone (12 mg/m(2)/day x 3), and etoposide (150 mg/m(2)/day x 3).
  • Our results suggest that continuous infusion intermediate-dose cytarabine, together with mitoxantrone and etoposide, may induce CR in a significant proportion of patients with refractory or early relapsed AML, although remission duration was short.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy

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  • [CommentIn] Leuk Res. 2009 May;33(5):610-2 [18990445.001]
  • (PMID = 16055185.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone
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27. Rimner T, Went P, Tichelli A, Gratwohl A: Concomitant hairy cell and acute myeloid leukemia. Eur J Haematol; 2006 Jan;76(1):86-8
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  • [Title] Concomitant hairy cell and acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Secondary malignancies in patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) are well described and treatment of HCL is discussed as their cause.
  • We describe a 58-yr-old patient who presented with both acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and HCL at the same time.
  • Treatment with cladribine, daunorubicin and cytosine arabinoside, followed by autologous stem cell transplantation, induced complete remission of AML and hematologic remission of HCL for 22 months, when he relapsed with AML.
  • This concomitant occurrence of AML and HCL is suggestive of a genetic predisposition rather then coincidence or relation to purine analoga.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Hairy Cell / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / pathology

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  • (PMID = 16343277.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 47M74X9YT5 / Cladribine; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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28. Yokoyama H, Harigae H: [Management of anemia and bone marrow hypoplasia in the treatment of myeloid leukemia]. Nihon Rinsho; 2009 Oct;67(10):1974-7
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  • [Title] [Management of anemia and bone marrow hypoplasia in the treatment of myeloid leukemia].
  • It is important for achieving complete remission of acute myelogenous leukemia to manage anemia and bone marrow hypoplasia, which cause serious complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Anemia / etiology. Anemia / therapy. Bone Marrow / pathology. Bone Marrow Diseases / etiology. Bone Marrow Diseases / therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19860200.001).
  • [ISSN] 0047-1852
  • [Journal-full-title] Nihon rinsho. Japanese journal of clinical medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nippon Rinsho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 776B62CQ27 / decitabine; M801H13NRU / Azacitidine
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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29. Sakhinia E, Faranghpour M, Liu Yin JA, Brady G, Hoyland JA, Byers RJ: Routine expression profiling of microarray gene signatures in acute leukaemia by real-time PCR of human bone marrow. Br J Haematol; 2005 Jul;130(2):233-48
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  • [Title] Routine expression profiling of microarray gene signatures in acute leukaemia by real-time PCR of human bone marrow.
  • Cancer subtype diagnosis using microarray signatures has the potential to transform pathological diagnosis but the routine measurement of genes signatures remains difficult.
  • Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) measurement of Indicator genes for acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) was used to determine gene signatures.
  • The expression profile of the 17 top-ranked genes distinguishing AML and ALL were measured by RT-PCR in five ALL, 26 AML, 12 AML remission, four chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) and nine morphologically normal BM samples.
  • All but two of the genes measured showed similar expression in AML and ALL to that reported previously.
  • Specifically, c-MYB (P </= 0.04) was significantly increased in ALL in the total fraction, whilst HOXA9 (P </= 0.19) and cystatin c (P </= 0.01) were increased in AML in the CD34(+) and CD34(-) fractions, respectively. c-MYB, hSNF2, RBAP48, HKRT-1, LYN, CD33, Adipsin and HOXA9 were increased in AML compared with remission AML, indicating an ability to determine disease activity.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Antigens, CD34 / analysis. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Cluster Analysis. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / genetics. Male. Middle Aged. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Remission Induction. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods

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  • (PMID = 16029452.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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30. Kim JY, Song HJ, Lim HJ, Shin MG, Kim JS, Kim HJ, Kim BY, Lee SW: Platelet factor-4 is an indicator of blood count recovery in acute myeloid leukemia patients in complete remission. Mol Cell Proteomics; 2008 Feb;7(2):431-41
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  • [Title] Platelet factor-4 is an indicator of blood count recovery in acute myeloid leukemia patients in complete remission.
  • To investigate whether serum biomarkers can be used to indicate the responsiveness of acute myeloid leukemia to remission induction chemotherapy, we performed MALDI-TOF protein profile analysis of patient sera.
  • The resulting spectra revealed a protein (or peptide) peak at m/z 7764 that varied in intensity; its intensity was much higher in samples from patients in complete remission than in those from patients with resistant disease or in samples taken prior to treatment (at the time of diagnosis).
  • This study demonstrates that PF4 protein levels are a good indicator for the recovery of blood count in the complete remission of acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Platelet Factor 4 / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Amino Acid Sequence. Blood Cell Count. Chemical Fractionation. Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay. Female. Humans. Immunoassay. Magnetics. Male. Microspheres. Middle Aged. Molecular Sequence Data. Platelet Count. Regression Analysis. Remission Induction. Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization

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  • (PMID = 17998245.001).
  • [ISSN] 1535-9484
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell Proteomics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 37270-94-3 / Platelet Factor 4
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31. Liang T, Tan T, Xiao Y, Yi H, Li C, Peng F, Chen Z, Xiao Z: [Methylation and expression of glioma pathogenesis-related protein 1 gene in acute myeloid leukemia]. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2009 May;34(5):388-94
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  • [Title] [Methylation and expression of glioma pathogenesis-related protein 1 gene in acute myeloid leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To detect the methylation and expression of glioma pathogenesis-related protein 1(GLIPR1) gene in the acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines and bone marrow cells from AML patients, and to determine the relationship between promoter methylation and expression of GLIPR1.
  • METHODS: Five leukemia cell lines, 54 bone marrows from the newly diagnosed AML patients, 48 bone marrows from the acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL )patients, 40 bone marrows from the chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients,35 bone marrows from control patients, and 8 bone marrows from the complete remission AML patients were collected.
  • RESULTS: The level of GLIPR1 mRNA in the AML cell lines was lower than that in the chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) and ALL cell lines, whereas the methylation level of GLIPR1 in the former was higher than that in the latter.
  • The level of GLIPR1 mRNA in the AML cell lines was significantly increased, but had no obvious changes in the CML and ALL cell lines after 5-aza-2dC treatment.
  • The mRNA level of GLIPR1 in the AML bone marrows (0.38+/-0.20)was obviously lower than that in the ALL bone marrows (0.76+/-0.18), CML bone marrows (0.80+/-0.14), and control bone marrows(0.85+/-0.12).
  • The level of GLIPR1 mRNA in the bone marrows with complete remission AML was obviously higher than that in the AML bone marrows before the treatment (0.78+/-0.13 vs. 0.36+/-0.20); but there was no obvious difference between the ALL bone marrows and the control bone marrows, and the CML bone marrows and the control bone marrows (both P>0.05).
  • The positive rate of GLIPR1 gene methylation in the AML bone marrows (81.5%) was obviously higher than that in the ALL bone marrows(37.5%), CML bone marrows (27.5%) and the control bone marrows(14.3%).
  • The positive rate of GLIPR1 gene in the bone marrows with complete remission AML was obviously lower than that in the bone marrows before the treatment (12.5% vs. 75.0%), but there was no obvious difference between the ALL bone marrows and between the control bone marrows,and the CML bone marrows and the control bone marrows (both P>0.05).
  • There was a negative correlation between the mRNA level and methylation status of GLIPR1 in the AML bone marrows.
  • CONCLUSION: GLIPR1 expression is downregulated or even lost by promoter methylation in AML, and the expression and methylation level of GLIPR1 gene may have some significance in evaluating the curative effect of AML patients.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Methylation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Nerve Tissue Proteins / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 19483285.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-7347
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / GLIPR1 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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32. Davies SM, Rowe JM, Appelbaum FR: Indications for hematopoietic cell transplantation in acute leukemia. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant; 2008 Jan;14(1 Suppl 1):154-64
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  • [Title] Indications for hematopoietic cell transplantation in acute leukemia.
  • Based on available data, all adults with AML under age 60 years with matched siblings should be considered for allogeneic transplantation in first remission, except for those with favorable risk cytogenetics and possibly those whose disease has normal cytogenetics and is FLT3/ITD negative and NPM1 positive.
  • Patients with matched siblings not transplanted in first remission should be followed closely so that transplantation in early first relapse can be considered.
  • RIC allogeneic transplantation using either a matched family member or a MUD can be considered for patients age 60 years or greater with AML in second or subsequent remission, or AML in first remission with intermediate or high risk disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Leukemia / surgery

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  • [ErratumIn] Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2008 Nov;14(11):1317-8
  • (PMID = 18162237.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-6536
  • [Journal-full-title] Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 69
  • [General-notes] NLM/ Original DateCompleted: 20080104
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33. Ogasawara T, Yasuyama M, Kawauchi K: Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome with monosomy 5 after successful treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (M2). Am J Hematol; 2005 Jun;79(2):136-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome with monosomy 5 after successful treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (M2).
  • We describe a patient who developed myelodysplastic syndrome over 2 years after achieving complete remission of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • The patient was treated in July 1998 with anthracycline, etoposide, and behenoyl cytarabine chemotherapy for AML (French-American-British classification, M2; World Health Organization classification, AML with maturation) and achieved complete remission.
  • The pancytopenia progressed rapidly, and he died 2 months after the diagnosis of MDS.
  • Therapy-related MDS and AML (t-MDS/t-AML) developing after treatment for acute leukemia is unusual; the primary leukemia associated with most cases of t-MDS/t-AML is acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
  • This unusual case suggests that AML excluding APL should be considered a primary hematologic malignancy for t-MDS/t-AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5. Cytarabine / analogs & derivatives. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / chemically induced. Monosomy. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / chemically induced. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / genetics


34. Barrett AJ, Le Blanc K: Immunotherapy prospects for acute myeloid leukaemia. Clin Exp Immunol; 2010 Aug;161(2):223-32
ClinicalTrials.gov. clinical trials - ClinicalTrials.gov .

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  • [Title] Immunotherapy prospects for acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • While chemotherapy is successful at inducing remission of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), the disease has a high probability of relapse.
  • Evidence for immunosurveillance of AML and susceptibility of leukaemia cells to both T cell and natural killer (NK) cell attack and justifies the application of immune strategies to control residual AML persisting after remission induction.
  • Immune therapy for AML includes allogeneic stem cell transplantation, adoptive transfer of allogeneic or autologous T cells or NK cells, vaccination with leukaemia cells, dendritic cells, cell lysates, peptides and DNA vaccines and treatment with cytokines, antibodies and immunomodulatory agents.
  • Here we describe what is known about the immunological features of AML at presentation and in remission, the current status of immunotherapy and strategies combining treatment approaches with a view to achieving leukaemia cure.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunotherapy / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20529084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2249
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 108
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2909404
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35. Marisavljevic D, Markovic O, Zivkovic R: An unusual case of smoldering AML with prolonged indolent clinical course and spontaneous remission in the terminal phase. Med Oncol; 2009 Dec;26(4):476-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] An unusual case of smoldering AML with prolonged indolent clinical course and spontaneous remission in the terminal phase.
  • An unusual case of acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) with indolent clinical course and spontaneous remission in the terminal phase is described.
  • A 63-year-old male has been diagnosed to suffer from AML, subtype M2.
  • Clinical course was slowly progressive ("smoldering" AML).
  • Five years from diagnosis patient exhibited spontaneous remission of the disease, accompanied with disappearance of del(6q) clone.
  • Additional curiosity in this case is the fact that patient's older brother died of acute lymphoblastic leukemia at the age of 71 years.
  • Possible mechanisms of spontaneous remission of AML and genetic predisposition for human leukemia are discussed with a review of the literature.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 19130323.001).
  • [ISSN] 1559-131X
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical oncology (Northwood, London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. McKenzie SB: Advances in understanding the biology and genetics of acute myelocytic leukemia. Clin Lab Sci; 2005;18(1):28-37
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Advances in understanding the biology and genetics of acute myelocytic leukemia.
  • Acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) is a malignant neoplasm of hematopoietic cells characterized by an abnormal proliferation of myeloid precursor cells, decreased rate of self-destruction and an arrest in cellular differentiation.
  • As the immature cells accumulate in the bone marrow, they replace the normal myelocytic cells, megakaryocytes, and erythrocytic cells.
  • The incidence of AML increases with age, peaking in the sixth decade of life.
  • In the United States, there are about 10,000 new cases of AML and 7,000 deaths in those with an AML diagnosis per year.
  • Current molecular studies of AML demonstrate that it is a heterogeneous disorder of the myeloid cell lineage.
  • This paper will discuss the most recent understanding and research of the cellular origin of AML and associated common genetic mutations that fuel the neoplastic process.
  • Also discussed are how these advances have impacted the classification, selection of therapy, and definition of complete remission in AML.
  • Promyelocytic leukemia will be discussed in detail as this AML subtype reveals how our understanding of the biology and genetics of the disease has led to targeted therapy that results in a cure in up to 80% of patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Cytogenetics. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / etiology. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / genetics. Molecular Biology. Mutation. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Remission Induction. Translocation, Genetic

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  • [ErratumIn] Clin Lab Sci. 2005 Summer;18(3):149
  • (PMID = 15747784.001).
  • [ISSN] 0894-959X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical laboratory science : journal of the American Society for Medical Technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Lab Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor alpha fusion oncoprotein
  • [Number-of-references] 49
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37. Moon HW, Shin S, Kim HY, Kim YR, Cho HI, Yoon SS, Park S, Kim BK, Chun H, Kim HC, Park CJ, Min YH, Lee DS: Therapeutic use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor could conceal residual malignant cells in patients with AML1/ETO+ acute myelogenous leukemia. Leukemia; 2006 Aug;20(8):1408-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Therapeutic use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor could conceal residual malignant cells in patients with AML1/ETO+ acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • We have experienced a number of cases of AML1/ETO+ acute myelogenous leukemia that showed remission based on bone marrow (BM) morphological criteria, but that revealed clonal abnormalities in most cells by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).
  • Interestingly, most of these cases had AML with AML1/ETO rearrangement.
  • To clarify the possible mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, we investigated the expression levels of G-CSFR in AML cells with AML1/ETO rearrangement by flow cytometry and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  • The number of AML1/ETO+ cells expressing G-CSFR at baseline was significantly higher than that of AML1/ETO- AML cells (2673 vs 522).
  • This study reveals that cases showing remission after treatment with G-CSF mostly had leukemia with AML1/ETO rearrangement.
  • We recommend that remission should be confirmed by FISH, because malignant clones can be differentiated and masked in morphological examination or chromosome test, especially for AML with AML1/ETO rearrangement.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Rearrangement. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16791271.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
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38. Lo WP, Kuo CL, Kuo MT, Fang PC: Isolated conjunctival myeloid sarcoma as a presenting sign of acute leukemia. Chang Gung Med J; 2010 May-Jun;33(3):334-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Isolated conjunctival myeloid sarcoma as a presenting sign of acute leukemia.
  • Myeloid sarcoma is known as a tumor mass of myeloblasts or immature myeloid cells occurring in an extramedullary site.
  • When ophthalmic areas are involved, it is usually located in the orbits and noted at or after the diagnosis of an underlying leukemia.
  • We report a 38 year-old woman who had isolated conjunctival myeloid sarcoma without any other clinical signs and symptoms.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) was diagnosed after a thorough examination.
  • The patient had complete remission of AML after systemic chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Conjunctival Neoplasms / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20584512.001).
  • [ISSN] 2309-835X
  • [Journal-full-title] Chang Gung medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chang Gung Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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39. Kilic G, Boruban MC, Bueco-Ramos C, Konoplev SN: Granulocytic sarcoma involving the uterus and right fallopian tube with negative endometrial biopsy. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol; 2007;28(4):270-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Granulocytic sarcoma involving the uterus and right fallopian tube with negative endometrial biopsy.
  • Granulocytic sarcoma is an extramedullary tumor associated with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and it is rarely seen in the female genital tract.
  • We report an unusual case of granulocytic sarcoma of the uterus and fallopian tube in an AML patient who presented with vaginal bleeding and persistent abdominal pain.
  • Biopsy did not reveal the diagnosis.
  • Pathology showed atypical myeloid cells infiltrating the muscle bundles which was consistent with granulocytic sarcoma involving the uterus and right fallopian tube.
  • Immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis.
  • The patient is in complete remission for AML and being followed-up for granulocytic sarcoma.
  • Granulocytic sarcoma of the uterus and fallopian tube is very rare, and in AML patients with abnormal uterine bleeding but negative endometrial biopsy it should still be considered in the differential diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Fallopian Tube Neoplasms / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology. Uterine Neoplasms / pathology

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  • (PMID = 17713090.001).
  • [ISSN] 0392-2936
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of gynaecological oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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40. Vicente D, Lamparelli T, Gualandi F, Occhini D, Raiola AM, Ibatici A, Van Lint MT, Gobbi M, Miglino M, Clavio M, Risso M, Frassoni F, Bacigalupo A: Improved outcome in young adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia in first remission, undergoing an allogeneic bone marrow transplant. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2007 Aug;40(4):349-54
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Improved outcome in young adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia in first remission, undergoing an allogeneic bone marrow transplant.
  • We assessed the outcome of 170 patients with AML in first complete remission, aged 1-47 years (median 29), who had undergone an allogeneic BMT before or after 1990 (n=80 and n=90, respectively); all patients were prepared with cyclophosphamide and TBI; the median follow-up for surviving patients was 13 years.
  • Patients transplanted after 1990 were older, had a shorter interval diagnosis-BMT, had less FAB-M3 cases, received a higher dose of TBI, a higher marrow cell dose and combined (cyclosporine+methotrexate) GVHD prophylaxis.
  • In conclusion, the overall survival of first remission AML undergoing an allogeneic BMT has almost doubled in the past two decades, despite older age and fewer M3 cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Transplantation / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Transplantation Conditioning / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Cohort Studies. Female. Graft vs Host Disease / prevention & control. Graft vs Host Disease / therapy. Humans. Infant. Italy / epidemiology. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy. Remission Induction / methods. Risk. Survival Analysis. Transplantation, Homologous


41. Baz R, Rodriguez C, Fu AZ, Jawde RA, Kalaycio M, Advani A, Sobecks R, Sekeres MA: Impact of remission induction chemotherapy on survival in older adults with acute myeloid leukemia. Cancer; 2007 Oct 15;110(8):1752-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Impact of remission induction chemotherapy on survival in older adults with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Significant controversy surrounds the use of remission induction chemotherapy (IC) in older adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • METHODS: To evaluate the role of IC in patients with AML, a case control study of patients 60 years or older treated at the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center between 1997 and 2005 was conducted.
  • After further adjusting for age, gender, race, leukocyte count at presentation, AML cytogenetics, history of prior hematologic disorder, and assessing for comorbidities, not receiving IC was still associated with worse survival (hazards ratio of 1.88; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-3.05 [P = .01]).
  • Additional predictors of poor outcomes in older adults with AML included higher leukocyte count at presentation, poor-risk cytogenetics, and African-American race (compared with Caucasians).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests improved outcomes in older adults with AML who undergo remission induction therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Salvage Therapy. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17724726.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Juliusson G, Billström R, Gruber A, Hellström-Lindberg E, Höglunds M, Karlsson K, Stockelberg D, Wahlin A, Aström M, Arnesson C, Brunell-Abrahamsson U, Carstensen J, Fredriksson E, Holmberg E, Nordenskjöld K, Wiklund F, Swedish Adult Acute Leukemia Registry Group: Attitude towards remission induction for elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia influences survival. Leukemia; 2006 Jan;20(1):42-7
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  • [Title] Attitude towards remission induction for elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia influences survival.
  • Combination chemotherapy may induce remission from acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but validated criteria for treatment of elderly are lacking.
  • The remission intention (RI) rate for elderly patients, as reported to the Swedish Leukemia Registry, was known to be different when comparing the six health care regions, but the consequences of different management are unknown.
  • The Leukemia Registry, containing 1672 AML patients diagnosed between 1997 and 2001, with 98% coverage and a median follow-up of 4 years, was completed with data from the compulsory cancer and population registries.
  • Among 506 treated and untreated patients aged 70-79 years with AML (non-APL), there was a direct correlation between the RI rate in each health region (range 36-76%) and the two-year overall survival, with no censored observations (6-21%) (chi-squared for trend=11.3, P<0.001; r2=0.86, P<0.02, nonparametric).
  • Differences could not be explained by demographics, and was found in both de novo and secondary leukemias.
  • Survival of 70-79-year-old AML patients is better in regions where more elderly patients are judged eligible for remission induction.
  • [MeSH-major] Attitude of Health Personnel. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Patient Selection
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Age Distribution. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Registries. Remission Induction. Survival Rate. Sweden / epidemiology. Treatment Outcome


43. Meng YS, Wei R, Ai GW, Meng XQ, Zhang YX: [Abnormal expression of transcription factors LYL1 and LMO2 and interaction between them in myeloid leukemia]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Apr 7;89(13):890-3
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  • [Title] [Abnormal expression of transcription factors LYL1 and LMO2 and interaction between them in myeloid leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression of the transcription factors LMO2 and LYL1 and the interaction between these 2 factors in myeloid leukemia cells and to analyze the significance thereof in leukemogenesis.
  • METHODS: Samples of peripheral blood and bone marrow were collected form 51 AML patties, and 5 normal bone marrow donors to isolate mononuclear cells (MNCs) with high percentage of CD34(+) cells.
  • Human myeloid leukemia cells of the line K562 were cultured and transfected with pcDNA3-LMO2, plasmid containing LMO2, pcDNA3-LYL1, plasmid containing LYL1, or pcDNA-GFP, blank plasmid containing green fluorescent protein.
  • RESULTS: The MNCs of 51.1% of the patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) without remission expressed higher levels of LMO2, the MNCs of 62.2% of the AML patients expressed higher levels of LYL1, and the MNCs of 31.1% of those expressed both.
  • The K562 cells transfected with pcDNA3-LMO2 showed higher mRNA and protein expression levels of both LMO2 and LYL1, and the K562 cells transfected with pcDNA3-LYL1 showed higher mRNA and protein expression levels of both LYL1 and LMO2 too, as indicated by RT-PCR and WB, which suggested that the expression of LMO2 and the expression of LYL1 stimulated each other in the myeloid leukemia cells.
  • CONCLUSION: The abnormal expression and protein interaction of LMO2 and LYL1 may play a role in the abnormal proliferation and differentiation of myeloid hematopoietic cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / genetics. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Metalloproteins / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19671288.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing; 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / LIM Domain Proteins; 0 / LMO2 protein, human; 0 / LYL1 protein, human; 0 / Metalloproteins; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins
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44. Kern W, Bacher U, Haferlach C, Schnittger S, Haferlach T: The role of multiparameter flow cytometry for disease monitoring in AML. Best Pract Res Clin Haematol; 2010 Sep;23(3):379-90
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  • [Title] The role of multiparameter flow cytometry for disease monitoring in AML.
  • Monitoring of the minimal residual disease (MRD) load has become essential for the choice of post-induction strategies in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • On the other hand, for most AML patients, multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) represents a good option for MRD monitoring.
  • In virtually all AML patients, leukemia-associated immunophenotypes (LAIPs) are detectable with MFC.
  • Numerous studies demonstrated the prognostic power of the MRD levels determined by MFC at post-induction as well as post-consolidation time points in adults and children considered to be in hematologic remission of AML.
  • Thus, MFC can significantly contribute to risk assessment of patients with AML during and after treatment and allows clinicians to consider alternative strategies (e.g. allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation) earlier.
  • Clinical studies need to focus on a standardization of these approaches to facilitate the translation of MFC-based MRD assessment into therapeutic decisions in patients with AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Flow Cytometry / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21112037.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-1924
  • [Journal-full-title] Best practice & research. Clinical haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Best Pract Res Clin Haematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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45. Schäfer HS, Becker H, Schmitt-Gräff A, Lübbert M: Granulocytic sarcoma of Core-binding Factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia mimicking pancreatic cancer. Leuk Res; 2008 Sep;32(9):1472-5
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  • [Title] Granulocytic sarcoma of Core-binding Factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia mimicking pancreatic cancer.
  • Granulocytic sarcoma mimicking a synchronous second primary neoplasm (SPN) constitutes a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge particularly in elderly patients.
  • We report on a 75-year-old female presenting with a Core-binding Factor (CBF) AML of M4eo subtype.
  • However, a biopsy demonstrated granulocytic sarcoma.
  • Since the patient had no comorbidities and had been in excellent performance status until the diagnosis of AML, induction chemotherapy was initiated, with subsequent normalization of bilirubin, CA 19-9, lipase and AP.
  • Complete hematologic remission of AML was attained and the pancreatic mass could not be detected anymore.
  • Following one consolidation treatment, the patient remained in excellent health until relapse occurred 7 months later and she succumbed to AML.
  • In conclusion, AML can rarely mimic the clinical picture of pancreatic cancer.
  • The initially good response of this CBF leukemia highlights the principal usefulness of aggressive induction chemotherapy also in older AML patients, if they are carefully selected not only according to biological risk factors such as cytogenetics, but also to "host factors" (good performance status, lack of comorbidities, etc.).
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factors / metabolism. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Pancreatic Neoplasms / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Bilirubin / metabolism. CA-19-9 Antigen / metabolism. Carboplatin / therapeutic use. Diagnosis, Differential. Etoposide / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Ifosfamide / therapeutic use. Lipase / metabolism. Magnetic Resonance Imaging


46. Hoshino T, Matsushima T, Saitoh Y, Yamane A, Takizawa M, Irisawa H, Saitoh T, Handa H, Tsukamoto N, Karasawa M, Murakami H, Nojima Y: Sacroiliitis as an initial manifestation of acute myelogenous leukemia. Int J Hematol; 2006 Dec;84(5):421-4
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  • [Title] Sacroiliitis as an initial manifestation of acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • We herein report a 28-year-old female patient who presented with sacroiliitis as an initial manifestation of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
  • Although she was initially diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), blasts rapidly increased and AML developed 1 month after the diagnosis of MDS with Sacroiliitis.
  • Induction chemotherapy failed to induce a complete remission of AML, but it did effectively treat the sacroiliitis.
  • However, the sacroiliitis relapsed when the leukemia cells progressed thereafter.
  • The close relationship between the occurrence of sacroiliitis and AML suggested that autoimmune sacroiliitis was a paraneoplastic phenomenon of AML in this patient.
  • Although autoimmune disorders develop in a substantial number of MDS patients, they are rarely observed in de novo AML.
  • No previous report has described sacroiliitis as the initial manifestation of de novo AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Sacroiliac Joint. Spondylitis, Ankylosing
  • [MeSH-minor] Adrenal Cortex Hormones / therapeutic use. Adult. Blast Crisis / diagnosis. Blast Crisis / radiography. Blast Crisis / therapy. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Recurrence. Transplantation, Homologous


47. Rodriguez V, Anderson PM, Litzow MR, Erlandson L, Trotz BA, Arndt CA, Khan SP, Wiseman GA: Marrow irradiation with high-dose 153Samarium-EDTMP followed by chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell infusion for acute myelogenous leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Aug;47(8):1583-92
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  • [Title] Marrow irradiation with high-dose 153Samarium-EDTMP followed by chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell infusion for acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • In four patients, aged 15 - 20 years, with high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML), high-dose samarium 153-labelled ethylenediaminetetramethylenephosphonate (153Sm-EDTMP) was used for targeted marrow irradiation before preparative chemotherapy conditioning regimens and allogeneic (three patients) or autologous (one patient) hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  • Complete cytogenetic and morphologic remission of AML was evident on follow-up marrow aspirate and biopsy specimens from all patients.
  • In two of the four study patients, the disease remains in complete remission and the patients have an excellent quality of life (Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0; no medications) and no organ toxicity more than 2 years and more than 4 years, respectively, after their blood and bone marrow transplantations.
  • Thus, in adolescents and adults, 153Sm-EDTMP may provide a relatively simple and effective means for using irradiation to eliminate AML within the marrow.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / radiotherapy. Radioisotopes / therapeutic use. Samarium / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Bone Marrow / pathology. Bone Marrow / radiation effects. Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation. Humans. Organometallic Compounds / administration & dosage. Organometallic Compounds / therapeutic use. Organophosphorus Compounds / administration & dosage. Organophosphorus Compounds / therapeutic use. Quality of Life. Remission Induction / methods. Transplantation Conditioning / adverse effects. Transplantation Conditioning / methods

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  • (PMID = 16966270.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Organometallic Compounds; 0 / Organophosphorus Compounds; 0 / Radioisotopes; 122575-21-7 / samarium ethylenediaminetetramethylenephosphonate; 42OD65L39F / Samarium
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48. Gokcan MK, Batikhan H, Calguner M, Tataragasi AI: Unilateral hearing loss as a presenting manifestation of granulocytic sarcoma (chloroma). Otol Neurotol; 2006 Jan;27(1):106-9

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  • [Title] Unilateral hearing loss as a presenting manifestation of granulocytic sarcoma (chloroma).
  • OBJECTIVE: To present a case of acute granulocytic sarcoma of the cerebellopontine angle whose presenting symptom was sudden onset unilateral sensorineural hearing loss.
  • METHODS: A 34-year-old female patient with acute myeloid leukemia on remission admitted because of sudden hearing loss in her right ear for 10 days.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging of the cranium revealed findings consistent with granulocytic sarcoma at the cerebellopontine angle, infiltrating the internal acoustic canal.
  • The patient presented in this report is the first reported case with a granulocytic sarcoma of the cerebellopontine angle who presented with acute sensorineural hearing loss.
  • Despite the rarity of such a case, we would like to emphasize that leukemia must be kept in mind as an etiologic factor in sensorineural hearing loss and suggest that complete blood count and temporal bone imaging be routinely obtained.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerebellar Neoplasms / complications. Cerebellar Neoplasms / diagnosis. Cerebellopontine Angle. Hearing Loss, Sudden / etiology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / complications. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Auditory Threshold. Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem / physiology. Facial Paralysis / etiology. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / complications. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / therapy. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Treatment Outcome. Vocal Cord Paralysis / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16371856.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-7129
  • [Journal-full-title] Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Otol. Neurotol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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49. Togashi Y, Sakoda H, Sugahara H, Asagoe K, Matsuzawa Y: [Loeys-Dietz syndrome with acute myeloid leukemia]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2008 Aug;49(8):664-7
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  • [Title] [Loeys-Dietz syndrome with acute myeloid leukemia].
  • Furthermore, karyotype analysis of bone marrow cells showed t(11;19)(q23;p13.1) and MLL abnormality was detected on RT-PCR A diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia (M4) with 11q23 (MLL) abnormality was made.
  • Loeys-Dietz syndrome is a Marfan-like congenital connective tissue disorder caused by a heterozygous missense mutation of a TGF-beta receptor I or II gene.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Marfan Syndrome / complications. Marfan Syndrome / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Humans. Idarubicin / administration & dosage. Male. Middle Aged. Mutation, Missense. Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta / genetics. Remission Induction. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18800617.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
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50. Brkljacic B, Cikara I, Ivanac G, Hrkac Pustahija A, Zic R, Stanec Z: Ultrasound-guided bipolar radiofrequency ablation of breast cancer in inoperable patients: a pilot study. Ultraschall Med; 2010 Apr;31(2):156-62
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  • Patients were at high-risk for general anesthesia and surgery because of severely impaired cardiac function, advanced age, or associated diseases (acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), diabetes, hypertension, depression) and/or refused surgery.
  • The Patient with AML and BCA had an infection of the treated breast after 4 months and postponed mastectomy to an AML remission status.
  • There were no signs of malignancy in histopathology; the patient finally died of leukemia 42 months after RFA.

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  • [Copyright] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart . New York.
  • (PMID = 19941254.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8782
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultraschall Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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51. Zhong LY, Li QH, Huang ZL, Lin W, Lu ZS, Weng JY, Wu SJ, Du X: Regimen containing perarubicin for the treatment of newly diagnosed young patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Ai Zheng; 2009 Jun;28(6):619-25
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  • [Title] Regimen containing perarubicin for the treatment of newly diagnosed young patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Chemotherapy regimen containing anthracyclines has been used as the standard treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • This study was to compare the efficacy and toxicity of the chemotherapy regimen containing perarubicin (THP) with that containing mitoxantrone (MIT) for young patients with newly diagnosed AML.
  • METHODS: A total of 129 patients with newly diagnosed AML, aged 16 to 60 years olds, were assigned for induction chemotherapy containing one to two courses with standard-dose cytarabine (Ara-C) and an anthracycline antibiotic, THP or MIT.
  • When complete remission was achieved after induction therapy, the patients received two courses of consolidation therapy identical to the induction regimen.
  • Maintenance treatment continued for three years when patients were in continuous complete remission (CCR).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Regimen containing THP plus Ara-C can be used for young adults with newly diagnosed AML for remission induction, but it is not superior to the regimen with MIT.
  • Consolidation chemotherapy with THP or MIT is feasible for young adults with AML after CR.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Doxorubicin / analogs & derivatives. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Agranulocytosis / chemically induced. Alopecia / chemically induced. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mitoxantrone / administration & dosage. Nausea / chemically induced. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19635200.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ai Zheng
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone; D58G680W0G / pirarubicin
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52. Le Page E, Leray E, Taurin G, Coustans M, Chaperon J, Morrissey SP, Edan G: Mitoxantrone as induction treatment in aggressive relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis: treatment response factors in a 5 year follow-up observational study of 100 consecutive patients. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry; 2008 Jan;79(1):52-6
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  • One patient was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia (remission 5 years after diagnosis).

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  • (PMID = 17846110.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-330X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurology, neurosurgery, and psychiatry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Antiviral Agents; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 0 / Peptides; 5M691HL4BO / Glatiramer Acetate; 77238-31-4 / Interferon-beta; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone; MRK240IY2L / Azathioprine; X4W7ZR7023 / Methylprednisolone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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53. Rubnitz JE, Inaba H, Ribeiro RC, Pounds S, Rooney B, Bell T, Pui CH, Leung W: NKAML: a pilot study to determine the safety and feasibility of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Feb 20;28(6):955-9
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  • [Title] NKAML: a pilot study to determine the safety and feasibility of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia.
  • PURPOSE To conduct a pilot study to determine the safety, feasibility, and engraftment of haploidentical natural killer (NK) cell infusions after an immunosuppressive regimen in children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS Ten patients (0.7 to 21 years old) who had completed chemotherapy and were in first complete remission of AML were enrolled on the Pilot Study of Haploidentical Natural Killer Cell Transplantation for Acute Myeloid Leukemia (NKAML) study.
  • With a median follow-up time of 964 days (range, 569 to 1,162 days), all patients remain in remission.
  • We propose to further investigate the efficacy of KIR-mismatched NK cells in a phase II trial as consolidation therapy to decrease relapse without increasing mortality in children with AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Immunotherapy. Killer Cells, Natural / transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy


54. Roboz GJ, Ritchie EK, Curcio T, Provenzano J, Carlin R, Samuel M, Wittenberg B, Mazumdar M, Christos PJ, Mathew S, Allen-Bard S, Feldman EJ: Arsenic trioxide and low-dose cytarabine in older patients with untreated acute myeloid leukemia, excluding acute promyelocytic leukemia. Cancer; 2008 Nov 1;113(9):2504-11
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  • [Title] Arsenic trioxide and low-dose cytarabine in older patients with untreated acute myeloid leukemia, excluding acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) carries a dismal prognosis in older patients.
  • In this study, the authors evaluated the safety and efficacy of arsenic trioxide combined with low-dose cytarabine in untreated patients aged >or=60 years with AML.
  • Of 64 patients who had pathologically confirmed AML, excluding patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia and using World Health Organization criteria, the median age was 71 years, 10 patients (16%) had treatment-related AML, 40 patients (63%) had an antecedent myelodysplastic syndrome or myeloproliferative disorder, and 35 patients (55%) had unfavorable cytogenetics.
  • RESULTS: Complete remission was achieved in 21 of 61 patients (34%), including 15 of 50 patients (30%) who had secondary or treatment-related AML, 10 of 33 patients (30%) who had unfavorable cytogenetics, and 6 of 34 patients (18%) who had a poor baseline performance status.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The addition of arsenic trioxide to low-dose cytarabine appeared to improve responses in elderly patients who had AML compared with either agent alone, and a randomized trial of the combination versus single-agent low-dose cytarabine is ongoing.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Arsenicals / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute. Male. Middle Aged. Oxides / administration & dosage. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Survival Rate


55. de Greef GE, van Putten WL, Boogaerts M, Huijgens PC, Verdonck LF, Vellenga E, Theobald M, Jacky E, Löwenberg B, Dutch-Belgian Hemato-Oncology Co-operative Group HOVON, Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research SAKK: Criteria for defining a complete remission in acute myeloid leukaemia revisited. An analysis of patients treated in HOVON-SAKK co-operative group studies. Br J Haematol; 2005 Jan;128(2):184-91
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  • [Title] Criteria for defining a complete remission in acute myeloid leukaemia revisited. An analysis of patients treated in HOVON-SAKK co-operative group studies.
  • Complete remission (CR) in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) is the primary endpoint for the evaluation of induction treatment and treatment strategies.
  • This study examined the individual parameters for CR in 1250 adult patients with de novo AML treated according to three successive study protocols.
  • In the same patient group, the presence of extramedullary leukaemia, incomplete platelet (<100 x 10(9)/l) or neutrophil (<1.0 x 10(9)/l) recovery caused a reduced OS and increased RR.
  • In conclusion, < or =5% blasts in the BM, recovery of neutrophils and platelets, and the absence of extramedullary disease constitute the cornerstones for the definition of a haematological CR in patients with AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Lymphocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged. Proportional Hazards Models. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Risk

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  • [CommentIn] Br J Haematol. 2005 Apr;129(1):157-8; author reply 158 [15801968.001]
  • (PMID = 15638852.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
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56. Che Y, Xu YH, Zheng GH, Guo YX: [Clinical significance of HA117 expression in children with acute leukemia]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2009 Sep;40(5):873-6
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  • [Title] [Clinical significance of HA117 expression in children with acute leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of the expression of HA117 gene in bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMNC) with acute leukemia and multidrug resistance.
  • METHODS: HA117 gene expressions in 36 children with acute leukemia and 10 children with Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) were tested using semi quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique.
  • RESULTS: The HA117 gene was expressed in 75% of children with acute leukemia.
  • There was no significant difference in HA117 gene expression between children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL, 69.57%) and children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML, 91.67%).
  • But the semi-quantitative expression of HA117/beta-actin in AML childern was significantly higher than in ALL children (q=4.5852, P<0.01).
  • The expressions of HA117 gene and HA117/beta-actin in both ALL and AML children were significantly higher than in ITP children chi2=5.05, 8.81; q=4.4612, 6.9695; P<0.05).
  • The remission patients had lower expression of HA117/beta-actin and similar expression of HA117 compared with initially diagnosed patients.
  • The remission patients had higher expression of HA117 gene and similar expression of HA117/beta-actin compared with patients with ITP.
  • The non-remission patients had higher expression of HA117/beta-actin than remission patients and ITP patients (q=3.1705, 4.4102, P<0.05), but no significant difference from initially diagnosed patients (q=0.5470, P>0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: The expression of HA117 gene is high in the BMMNC of initially diagnosed and non-remission patients with AL.
  • But the remission patients have similar semi-quantitative expression of HA117 as patients with ITP, which indicates that a quantitative testing is more important.
  • HA117 is one of the factors that may affect the clinical remission of AML.
  • The new gene HA117 may also be associated with multidrug resistance of leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Drug Resistance, Multiple / genetics. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / genetics. Leukemia / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Female. Humans. Infant. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Male. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic / genetics. Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19950603.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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57. Bacher U, Schnittger S, Haferlach T: Molecular genetics in acute myeloid leukemia. Curr Opin Oncol; 2010 Nov;22(6):646-55
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  • [Title] Molecular genetics in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a highly heterogeneous disorder being composed of various genetically defined subtypes.
  • In recent years, molecular research provided the basis for a more differentiated characterization of AML patients, for example, of the large subgroup with normal karyotypes.
  • This review summarizes the current status of molecular diagnostics in AML and refers to the diagnostic techniques being most suitable for the individual markers.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: A molecular data set based on mutations of the NPM1, FLT3, and CEBPA genes and the MLL-PTD provides a prognostically relevant risk stratification that can support the decision pro or con an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in first remission.
  • The introduction of next generation sequencing will certainly catalyze the molecular characterization of AML.
  • SUMMARY: Targeted therapy studies with FLT3 inhibitors for patients with FLT3-mutated AML as single agents or combined with chemotherapy illustrate the translation of the molecular techniques into clinical practice already being realized in distinct subgroups of AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20805748.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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58. Bacher U, Kern W, Schoch C, Schnittger S, Hiddemann W, Haferlach T: Evaluation of complete disease remission in acute myeloid leukemia: a prospective study based on cytomorphology, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization, and immunophenotyping during follow-up in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Cancer; 2006 Feb 15;106(4):839-47
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Evaluation of complete disease remission in acute myeloid leukemia: a prospective study based on cytomorphology, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization, and immunophenotyping during follow-up in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Different diagnostic methods add information to define complete remission (CR) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • METHODS: The authors studied 216 patients with AML at the time of initial diagnosis and during follow-up and correlated cytomorphology, interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and flow cytometry results to evaluate response status.
  • RESULTS: Interphase FISH was found to be correlated significantly with the clinical course at the time of complete cytomorphologic remission and was more reliable than morphology for defining CR.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The current results indicated that interphase FISH may be used as a valid MRD parameter in patients with AML.
  • Multiparameter immunophenotyping for MRD also was correlated strongly with the clinical course, and the authors suggest integrating such immunophenotyping into the routine diagnostic panel at the time of diagnosis and during the clinical course in patients with AML.
  • [MeSH-major] In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Interphase. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm, Residual. Prognosis. Prospective Studies. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 American Cancer Society.
  • (PMID = 16419072.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Ventura F, Pereira T, da Luz Duarte M, Marques H, Pardal F, Brito C: Indeterminate cell histiocytosis in association with acute myeloid leukemia. Dermatol Res Pract; 2010;2010:569345

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Indeterminate cell histiocytosis in association with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Indeterminate cell histiocytosis (ICH) is a rare proliferative disorder, in which the predominant cells share morphologic and immunophenotypic features from both Langerhans and non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
  • Nevertheless, one month after remission, he developed an acute myeloid leukemia of the subtype monocytic leukemia (M5).
  • We present this case because apart of being rare it joins the effectiveness of thalidomide and the association with an acute monocytic leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 20672000.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-6113
  • [Journal-full-title] Dermatology research and practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dermatol Res Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2905718
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60. Abdel-Wahab O, Levine RL: Recent advances in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. F1000 Med Rep; 2010 Jul 22;2:55

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recent advances in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a disorder with significant molecular and clinical heterogeneity.
  • Although there have been clear advances in the identification of somatic genetic and epigenetic alterations present in the malignant cells of patients with AML, translating this knowledge into an integrated view with an impact on the clinical treatment of AML has been slower to evolve.
  • Recent clinical advances in the treatment of AML include studies demonstrating the benefit of dose-intense daunorubicin therapy in induction chemotherapy for patients of any age.
  • We also review use of the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor azacitidine for treatment of AML in elderly patients as well as a study of global patterns of DNA methylation in patients with AML.
  • Lastly, we review a recent assessment of the role of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in AML in first complete remission.

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  • (PMID = 20798782.001).
  • [ISSN] 1757-5931
  • [Journal-full-title] F1000 medicine reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] F1000 Med Rep
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / K08 HL082677; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U54 CA143798; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U54 CA143798-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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61. Corey SJ, Elopre M, Weitman S, Rytting ME, Robinson LJ, Rumelhart S, Goldman FD: Complete remission following clofarabine treatment in refractory juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Mar;27(3):166-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Complete remission following clofarabine treatment in refractory juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is the most common myeloproliferative/myelodysplastic disorder seen in children.
  • The authors describe a 5-year-old boy diagnosed at age 34 months with JMML that evolved to acute myeloid leukemia.
  • After the second relapse, he received the farnesyltransferase inhibitor R115777 (tipifarnib, Zarnestra), but the leukemia persisted.
  • After three courses, he attained a remission marrow with 5% blasts and disappearance of the 5q- and 9q- cytogenetic abnormalities.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenine Nucleotides. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Child. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15750451.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
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62. Szotkowski T, Rohon P, Zapletalova L, Sicova K, Hubacek J, Indrak K: Secondary acute myeloid leukemia - a single center experience. Neoplasma; 2010;57(2):170-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Secondary acute myeloid leukemia - a single center experience.
  • Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) may arise from the previous clonal disorder of hematopoiesis, usually from myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or from chronic myeloproliferative neoplasia (cMPN) or after exposure to a leukemogenic agent (previous chemotherapy or radiotherapy, some immunosuppressive drugs or environmental leukemogenic agents).
  • Secondary origin of AML is associated with unfavorable prognosis and it is not considered to be conventionally curable (with the exception of secondary acute promyelocytic leukemia).
  • Over that period of time, a total 574 patients with AML were diagnosed.
  • Of those, 430 patients were diagnosed as having primary AML; in 86 patients, sAML transformed from myelodysplastic syndrome and 58 patients were followed or treated for various malignancies or were treated with potentially leukemogenic agents because of non-malignant disorders.
  • Patients with secondary AML are older and less commonly treated with curative intention than those with primary AML.
  • Complete hematologic remission is achieved with a low probability, relapse of the disease occurs frequently and overall survival is worse in almost all prognostic subgroups.
  • With the exception of secondary acute promyelocytic leukemia, the prognosis of which does not differ from very good prognosis of the primary forms, secondary AML is not considered a conventionally curable disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / complications. Myeloproliferative Disorders / complications. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / etiology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Chronic Disease. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult


63. Kantarjian HM, Erba HP, Claxton D, Arellano M, Lyons RM, Kovascovics T, Gabrilove J, Craig M, Douer D, Maris M, Petersdorf S, Shami PJ, Yeager AM, Eckert S, Abichandani R, Faderl S: Phase II study of clofarabine monotherapy in previously untreated older adults with acute myeloid leukemia and unfavorable prognostic factors. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Feb 1;28(4):549-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase II study of clofarabine monotherapy in previously untreated older adults with acute myeloid leukemia and unfavorable prognostic factors.
  • PURPOSE: This phase II study assessed clofarabine monotherapy in older adults (>or= 60 years of age) with untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and at least one unfavorable baseline prognostic factor.
  • The primary end point was overall remission rate (ORR; ie, complete remission [CR] plus CR with incomplete platelet recovery [CRp]).
  • ORR by unfavorable prognostic factor was 39% for patients >or= 70 years of age; 32% for Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 2; 51% for antecedent hematologic disorder; 54% for intermediate karyotype; 42% for unfavorable karyotype; and 48%, 51%, and 38% for one, two, and three risk factors, respectively.
  • Median duration of remission was 56 weeks (95% CI, 33 to not estimable).
  • The most common non-laboratory drug-related toxicities (>or= 20% patients) were nausea, febrile neutropenia, vomiting, diarrhea, rash, and fatigue.
  • CONCLUSION: Clofarabine is an active agent with acceptable toxicity in patients age 60 years or older with untreated AML who have at least one unfavorable prognostic factor.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenine Nucleotides / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Maximum Tolerated Dose. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Prognosis. Prospective Studies. Remission Induction. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2010 Feb 1;28(4):521-3 [20026796.001]
  • (PMID = 20026805.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
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64. Al-Sobhi EM, Jeha TM, Al-Taher MI: Granulocytic sarcoma causing cord compression in a pregnant woman with acute myeloid leukemia and t(8;21). Saudi Med J; 2008 Nov;29(11):1658-61
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  • [Title] Granulocytic sarcoma causing cord compression in a pregnant woman with acute myeloid leukemia and t(8;21).
  • Chloroma or granulocytic sarcomas (GSs) are solid tumors originating from myeloid precursors.
  • Most frequently they occur in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), myeloproliferative disorder, and myelodysplasia.
  • Granulocytic sarcoma resulting in spinal cord compression is rare.
  • In spite of the fact that t(8;21) is considered to be associated with good prognosis, patients with GS and spinal cord compression had less favorable prognosis than other AML patients with t(8;21).
  • Pregnancy associated with AML is rare.
  • In our research, only one case of pregnancy with GS and AML has been previously reported.
  • We are reporting a pregnant female diagnosed with AML/M2 with t(8;21) at the first trimester, who relapsed with GS, and cord compression at full term.
  • She had a normal baby, and achieved second remission post-chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology. Translocation, Genetic. Umbilical Cord / pathology


65. Gupta V, Chun K, Yi QL, Minden M, Schuh A, Wells R, Brandwein J: Disease biology rather than age is the most important determinant of survival of patients &gt; or = 60 years with acute myeloid leukemia treated with uniform intensive therapy. Cancer; 2005 May 15;103(10):2082-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Disease biology rather than age is the most important determinant of survival of patients > or = 60 years with acute myeloid leukemia treated with uniform intensive therapy.
  • BACKGROUND: The objectives of the current study were to evaluate the outcome of patients > or = 60 years with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated uniformly with high-dose daunorubicin containing induction and modified high-dose cytosine arabinoside containing postremission therapy, and to identify factors predictive of complete disease remission (CR) and survival.
  • METHODS: Between 1998 and 2002, the authors treated 117 newly diagnosed patients (acute promyelocytic leukemia excluded) with AML > or = 60 years (median, 67 years; range, 60-82 years).
  • Karyotype (Medical Research Council classification) at diagnosis was categorized as good risk (n = 3), intermediate risk (n = 69), adverse risk (n = 26), and suboptimal/not done (n = 19).
  • A normal karyotype was seen in 41 patients and 40 (34%) had secondary AML.
  • In a multivariate model, adverse-risk cytogenetics, previous history of myelodysplastic syndrome or antecedent hematologic disorder, and high leukocyte count (> 30 x 10(9)/L) were independent adverse prognostic factors for survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Daunorubicin / administration & dosage. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Hematologic Diseases / complications. Humans. Karyotyping. L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / analysis. Leukocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / complications. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15830348.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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66. Erikci AA, Ozturk A, Karagoz B, Bilgi O, Turken O, Top C, Kandemir EG: Results of combination therapy with amifostine, pentoxifylline, ciprofloxacin and dexamethasone in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia. Hematology; 2008 Oct;13(5):289-92
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  • [Title] Results of combination therapy with amifostine, pentoxifylline, ciprofloxacin and dexamethasone in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia.
  • It has been shown that abnormal cytokine production together with apoptosis are major contributors to the cytopenias associated with the disorder.
  • As the interaction of cytokines plays a role in the pathogenesis, suppression of the cytokine production by the administration of the combination of pentoxifylline, ciprofloxacin, and dexamethasone (PCD combination) has resulted in the correction of at least some aspects of the cytopenias in the majority of patients and in complete hematologic remission in a small percentage.
  • In this study we report the results of combination therapy of amifostine and PCD in 12 patients with MDS and acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • As a result it was found that amifostine + PCD combination may be beneficial in reversing cytopenias in the treatment of MDS and AML and is worth further study.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / drug therapy


67. Bug G, Ritter M, Wassmann B, Schoch C, Heinzel T, Schwarz K, Romanski A, Kramer OH, Kampfmann M, Hoelzer D, Neubauer A, Ruthardt M, Ottmann OG: Clinical trial of valproic acid and all-trans retinoic acid in patients with poor-risk acute myeloid leukemia. Cancer; 2005 Dec 15;104(12):2717-25
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  • [Title] Clinical trial of valproic acid and all-trans retinoic acid in patients with poor-risk acute myeloid leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, induced in vitro differentiation of primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) blasts, an effect enhanced by all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA).
  • Herein, the authors have described results of a clinical trial with VPA plus ATRA in 26 patients with poor-risk AML.
  • No patient achieved complete remission, one with de novo AML had a minor response, and two patients with secondary AML arising from myeloproliferative disorder (MPD) achieved a partial remission and clearance of PB blasts, respectively.
  • The latter responses were accompanied by profound granulocytosis and erythrocytosis in both patients, reminiscent of the response pattern known from ATRA treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with VPA/ATRA results in transient disease control in a subset of patients with AML that has evolved from a myeloproliferative disorder but not in patients with a primary or MDS-related AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Tretinoin / administration & dosage. Valproic Acid / administration & dosage

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2005 American Cancer Society.
  • (PMID = 16294345.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; 614OI1Z5WI / Valproic Acid
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68. Zander AR, Bacher U, Finke J: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation in acute myeloid leukemia: establishment of indications on the basis of individual risk stratification. Dtsch Arztebl Int; 2008 Sep;105(39):663-9

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  • [Title] Allogeneic stem cell transplantation in acute myeloid leukemia: establishment of indications on the basis of individual risk stratification.
  • INTRODUCTION: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disorder with subtypes that differ considerably in morphology and in their underlying chromosomal and molecular aberrations, which, in turn, determine their prognosis.
  • METHODS: This article surveys the current strategies for establishing the indications for SCT in AML on the basis of a selective review of the relevant literature in the Medline database.
  • RESULTS: In patients with a high risk constellation-e.g., chromosome 7 anomalies, complex aberrations, or FLT3-length mutations-there is an indication for SCT in first remission.
  • The balanced translocations t(15;17) and t(8;21), and the inversion inv(16) are prognostically favorable and are thus not considered an indication for SCT in first remission.
  • Reduced-dose conditioning, a new technique that lessens acute toxicity, has been found to be associated with a 30% to over 50% two-year survival rate when used in the treatment of chemotherapeutically unresponsive or relapsing AML.
  • DISCUSSION: The indications for allogeneic SCT in AML should be further refined by more investigation in large studies.

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  • (PMID = 19626214.001).
  • [ISSN] 1866-0452
  • [Journal-full-title] Deutsches Ärzteblatt international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Dtsch Arztebl Int
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2700644
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; indications / leukemia treatment / molecular medicine / myelopathy / stem cell therapy
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69. Nishimoto N, Imai Y, Ueda K, Nakagawa M, Shinohara A, Ichikawa M, Nannya Y, Kurokawa M: T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia arising from familial platelet disorder. Int J Hematol; 2010 Jul;92(1):194-7
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  • [Title] T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia arising from familial platelet disorder.
  • Familial platelet disorder (FPD) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder which causes moderate thrombocytopenia with or without impaired platelet function.
  • Patients have a propensity to develop acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and various types of second hits have been postulated in the evolution to AML.
  • However, only a few cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have been reported thus far.
  • The proband of the family developed AML and her son had ALL of the T cell lineage.
  • This translocation was not seen in any other affected members of the family or in the bone marrow sample of this patient in complete remission.
  • Taken together, t(1;7)(p34.1;q22) is thought to be one of the somatic second hits that predisposes FPD to acute leukemia with T cell phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Platelet Disorders / complications. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / etiology

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  • (PMID = 20549580.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit
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70. Horan JT, Alonzo TA, Lyman GH, Gerbing RB, Lange BJ, Ravindranath Y, Becton D, Smith FO, Woods WG, Children's Oncology Group: Impact of disease risk on efficacy of matched related bone marrow transplantation for pediatric acute myeloid leukemia: the Children's Oncology Group. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Dec 10;26(35):5797-801
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  • [Title] Impact of disease risk on efficacy of matched related bone marrow transplantation for pediatric acute myeloid leukemia: the Children's Oncology Group.
  • PURPOSE: There is considerable variation in the use of HLA-matched related bone marrow transplantation (BMT) for the treatment of pediatric patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Some oncologists have argued that BMT should be offered to most patients in first complete remission (CR).
  • Others have maintained that transplantation in first remission should be reserved for patients with high-risk disease.
  • RESULTS: The data set included 1,373 pediatric patients with AML in first CR.
  • There were no significant differences for survival in the other two risk groups or in the non-risk-stratified patients.
  • CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that HLA-matched related BMT is an effective treatment for pediatric patients with intermediate-risk AML in first CR.

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  • (PMID = 18955460.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 98543
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA Antigens
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2645105
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71. Sumi M, Tauchi T, Takaku T, Ohyashiki JH, Ohyashiki K: [Successful treatment with interferon-alpha in a case of acute myeloid leukemia with del (20q) following polycythemia vera]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2005 Nov;46(11):1208-12
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  • [Title] [Successful treatment with interferon-alpha in a case of acute myeloid leukemia with del (20q) following polycythemia vera].
  • Polycythemia vera (PV) is a hematopoietic stem cell clonal disorder, 5 to approximately 10% of which will evolve into acute leukemia.
  • A 73-year-old woman was given a diagnosis of PV 17 years previously.
  • She achieved not only a hematologic remission, but also cytogenetic remission after interferon (IFN)-alpha treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20 / genetics. Interferon-alpha / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Polycythemia Vera / complications

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  • (PMID = 16440805.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Interferon-alpha
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72. Keating GM: Azacitidine: a review of its use in higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes/acute myeloid leukaemia. Drugs; 2009;69(17):2501-18
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  • [Title] Azacitidine: a review of its use in higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes/acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • Subcutaneous azacitidine was recently approved in the EU for the treatment of adults who are not eligible for haematopoietic stem cell transplantation and who have intermediate-2-risk or high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) [according to International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS) criteria], chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) with 10-29% marrow blasts without myeloproliferative disorder, or acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) with 20-30% blasts and multilineage dysplasia (according to the WHO classification).
  • Subcutaneous azacitidine is the only drug shown to significantly prolong survival in patients with higher-risk MDS or WHO-defined AML, compared with conventional care (i.e. best supportive care, low-dose cytarabine or intensive chemotherapy).
  • In addition, azacitidine is associated with a lower risk of AML progression and higher rates of complete remission, partial remission, haematological improvement and red blood cell (RBC) transfusion independence.
  • Thus, azacitidine is a valuable option for the first-line treatment of patients with higher-risk MDS/AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Azacitidine / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Prognosis. Risk Assessment
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Marrow / drug effects. Bone Marrow Cells. Chromosome Inversion. Erythrocyte Transfusion. Erythroid Precursor Cells. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects. Humans. Myelodysplastic Syndromes. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Remission Induction. Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects. Transplantation Conditioning / mortality. Treatment Outcome


73. Edlin R, Connock M, Tubeuf S, Round J, Fry-Smith A, Hyde C, Greenheld W: Azacitidine for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia and acute myeloid leukaemia. Health Technol Assess; 2010 May;14 Suppl 1:69-74
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  • [Title] Azacitidine for the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia and acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • This paper presents a summary of the evidence review group (ERG) report into the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of azacitidine (aza) compared with conventional care regimes (CCR) for higher risk patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), based on the evidence submission from the manufacturer to the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) as part of the single technology appraisal process.
  • The patient outcomes governing relative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness were defined as overall survival, time to progression (TTP) to AML, adverse events and health-related quality of life (HRQoL).
  • It compared aza with CCR in 358 patients with higher risk MDS, CMML and AML 20-30% blasts.
  • The outcomes reported in AZA-001 included overall survival, TTP to AML and adverse events.
  • The results showed that: the median overall survival was 24.5 months on aza, compared with 15.0 months in the CCR group (p = 0.0001); the response rates were low (complete remission 17% aza versus 8% CCR); the median time to transformation to AML was greater in the aza group (17.8 versus 11.5 months; p < 0.0001); and of patients who were red blood cell (RBC) transfusion-dependent at baseline, 45% of those on aza became RBC transfusion-independent during the treatment period, compared with 11.8% in the CCR group (p < 0.0001).
  • The AZA-001 study showed that, compared with CCR, those MDS patients receiving aza had prolonged median survival, had delayed progression to AML, had reduced dependence on transfusions and had a small improvement in response rate.
  • At the time of writing, the guidance appraisal consultation document issued by NICE on 4 March 2010 states that azacitidine is not recommended as a treatment option for people not eligible for haemopoietic stem cell transplantation with the the following conditions: intermediate-2 and high-risk MDS according to the International Prognostic Scoring System, CMML with 10-29% marrow blasts without myeloproliferative disorder, or with AML with 20-30% blasts and multilineage dysplasia, according to World Health Organization classification.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Azacitidine / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / drug therapy. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / drug therapy


74. Bacchetta J, Douvillez B, Warin L, Girard S, Pagès MP, Rebaud P, Bertrand Y: [Blueberry Muffin Baby and spontaneous remission of neonatal leukaemia]. Arch Pediatr; 2008 Aug;15(8):1315-9
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  • [Title] [Blueberry Muffin Baby and spontaneous remission of neonatal leukaemia].
  • Blueberry Muffin baby is a rare neonatal skin disorder.
  • We report on a newborn presenting with Blueberry Muffin syndrome and an adrenal mass which lead to the diagnosis of neuroblastoma.
  • Actually, it corresponded to an acute monoblastic leukaemia with an adrenal localization and a cerebrospinal fluid involvement.
  • Leukaemia should always be considered in such patients, even in the absence of blasts on white blood cells count and bone marrow examination, as in this patient.
  • This observation was also unusual due to spontaneous remission.
  • The patient is in complete remission at 1 year follow-up.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Skin Diseases / congenital
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Remission, Spontaneous. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 18595669.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-693X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Pediatr
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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75. Abdool A, Yeh CH, Kantarjian H, O'Brien S, Bruey J, Giles F, Albitar M: Circulating CD33 and its clinical value in acute leukemia. Exp Hematol; 2010 Jun;38(6):462-71
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  • [Title] Circulating CD33 and its clinical value in acute leukemia.
  • We explored the potential of detecting CD33 as cell-free circulating protein in patients with leukemia.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a quantitative bead-based immunoflow cytometry assay to measure cell-free circulating CD33 (cCD33) levels in the plasma of patients with acute leukemia, and correlated these results with corresponding clinical behavior.
  • We measured cCD33 levels in the plasma of 48 healthy subjects and in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (n = 98), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 46), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) (n = 50), and myeloproliferative disorder (n = 49).
  • RESULTS: Patients with acute myeloid leukemia and myeloproliferative disorders had significantly higher concentrations of cCD33 than the other patient groups and normal individuals (p = 0.0001), and among these groups, MDS patients displayed the lowest cCD33 levels (p = 0.02).
  • While there was no correlation between cCD33 levels and survival in acute myelogenous leukemia and MDS, higher cCD33 plasma concentrations did correlate with shorter survival in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (p = 0.03), and with shorter complete remission duration in acute myelogenous leukemia (p = 0.04) and MDS (p = 0.03).
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / blood. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Case-Control Studies. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell-Free System. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 ISEH - Society for Hematology and Stem Cells. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20362641.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2399
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016672
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3
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76. Lee J, Kern WF, Cain JB, Mulvihill JJ, Li S: A variant t(8;10;21) in a patient with pathological features mimicking atypical chronic myeloid leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 May;159(1):79-83
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  • [Title] A variant t(8;10;21) in a patient with pathological features mimicking atypical chronic myeloid leukemia.
  • We report the case of an 11-year-old girl who was initially diagnosed with a chronic myeloproliferative disorder, possibly chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), based on laboratory and blood and marrow morphological findings.
  • The treatment regime was switched to an acute myeloid leukemia (AML) protocol; the patient responded well and is now in remission.
  • This case demonstrates again that routine clinical cytogenetic analysis plays an important role in the clinical diagnosis, guidance of treatment, and prognostication in hematological disorders.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8 / genetics. Genetic Variation. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / genetics. Translocation, Genetic


77. Parker TM, Klaassen RJ, Johnston DL: Spontaneous remission of myelodysplastic syndrome with monosomy 7 in a young boy. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2008 Apr 15;182(2):122-5
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  • [Title] Spontaneous remission of myelodysplastic syndrome with monosomy 7 in a young boy.
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a clonal hematopoietic disorder that often results in progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML), particularly when additional genetic abnormalities are present, such as monosomy 7.
  • Spontaneous remission has occurred in a small number of cases.
  • In the present case, a previously healthy 3-year-old boy diagnosed with MDS and monosomy 7 achieved spontaneous remission without intervention 30 months after initial diagnosis.
  • Such findings highlight the need to monitor patients closely for evidence of spontaneous remission.
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Cytogenetic Analysis. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Male. Prognosis. Remission, Spontaneous


78. Sivendran S, Gruenstein S, Malone AK, Najfeld V: Ring chromosome 18 abnormality in acute myelogenous leukemia: the clinical dilemma. J Hematol Oncol; 2010;3:25
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  • [Title] Ring chromosome 18 abnormality in acute myelogenous leukemia: the clinical dilemma.
  • Considering that ring chromosomes are rare in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), it is difficult to risk stratify patient prognosis, particularly when the ring chromosome occurs as the sole abnormality.
  • Here we report a case of a ring chromosome 18 abnormality in a patient with newly diagnosed AML with monocytic differentiation.
  • The patient received induction chemotherapy and subsequent allogeneic cord blood transplant from a sex-matched donor, and remained in hematologic and cytogenetic remission for 120 days post transplant.
  • Soon after, he developed post transplant lymphoproliferative disorder and died of multi-organ failure.
  • Although r(18) chromosomal abnormalities were not classified in the recent updated evidence-and expert opinion-based recommendations for the diagnosis and management of AML (likely due to the small number of reported cases), the patient was treated as high risk with stem cell transplantation.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 18 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Ring Chromosomes


79. Royer PJ, Bougras G, Ebstein F, Leveque L, Tanguy-Royer S, Simon T, Juge-Morineau N, Chevallier P, Harousseau JL, Gregoire M: Efficient monocyte-derived dendritic cell generation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia after chemotherapy treatment: application to active immunotherapy. Exp Hematol; 2008 Mar;36(3):329-39
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  • [Title] Efficient monocyte-derived dendritic cell generation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia after chemotherapy treatment: application to active immunotherapy.
  • OBJECTIVE: While complete remission in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) can be achieved after chemotherapy (CT), relapses occur for the majority of patients, underlying the need to eliminate residual disease.
  • Based on dendritic cell (DC) vaccination, the triggering of an immune response against residual leukemia cells after CT could maintain patients in remission.
  • The aim of our study was to assess, for vaccine preparation, generation of monocyte-derived DCs in AML patients after CT.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated efficiency of the production, yields, maturation, and functional properties of DCs from 22 AML patients at different CT stages compared to those from 15 healthy donors.
  • CONCLUSION: In defining patient-sampling conditions, this preclinical study has direct implications for AML DC-based immunotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cancer Vaccines / therapeutic use. Dendritic Cells / cytology. Immunotherapy / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Leukocytes, Mononuclear / cytology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Cell Differentiation. Chemotherapy, Adjuvant. Cytokines / secretion. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Receptors, CCR7 / biosynthesis. Remission Induction. Time Factors. Transplantation, Autologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18207305.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-472X
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CCR7 protein, human; 0 / Cancer Vaccines; 0 / Cytokines; 0 / Receptors, CCR7
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80. Mizoguchi Y, Fujita N, Taki T, Hayashi Y, Hamamoto K: Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia with t(7;11)(p15;p15) and NUP98-HOXA11 fusion. Am J Hematol; 2009 May;84(5):295-7
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  • [Title] Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia with t(7;11)(p15;p15) and NUP98-HOXA11 fusion.
  • The t(7;11)(p15;p15) translocation has been reported as a rare and recurrent chromosomal abnormality in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.
  • To date, t(7;11)(p15;p15) with NUP98-HOXA11 fusion has been reported only in one case of ph-negative chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).
  • Here, we report a case of a 3-year-old girl with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) carrying t(7;11)(p15;p15) abnormality with NUP98-HOXA11 fusion.
  • AML chemotherapy followed by bone marrow transplantation (BMT) was found to be effective in treating this disorder, and she remains in complete remission for 3 years after BMT.
  • We suggest the possibility that AML chemotherapy might be effective for treating JMML with t(7;11)(p15;p15) abnormality and NUP98-HOXA11 fusion.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7. Homeodomain Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile / genetics. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile / therapy. Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Child, Preschool. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 19338047.001).
  • [ISSN] 1096-8652
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / NUP98-HOXA11 fusion protein, human; 0 / Nuclear Pore Complex Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
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81. Jackowska T, Steczowicz M, Pawelec K, Pacholska J: [Congenital leukaemia and transient myeloproliferative disorder: diagnostic difficulties--case reports]. Med Wieku Rozwoj; 2006 Jul-Sep;10(3 Pt 1):595-601
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  • [Title] [Congenital leukaemia and transient myeloproliferative disorder: diagnostic difficulties--case reports].
  • Congenital leukaemia occurs in only 0.8% of all cases of leukaemia in children.
  • Despite great progress in the treatment of childhood leukaemia, prognosis is still poor.
  • This type of leukaemia must be distinguished from leukaemic reactions and transient myeloproliferative disorder.
  • Transient myeloproliferative disorder is a rare condition in the neonatal period, connected with trisomy or other abnormalities of chromosome 21.
  • We present two cases: congenital leukaemia and transient myeloproliferative disorder.
  • The first patient was a boy in whom congenital myelomonoblastic leukaemia (M4 in FAB classification) was diagnosed at age of 6 weeks.
  • He was treated according to BFM-96 for acute myeloblasts leukaemia protocol, but there was no remission and he died of progressive congenital leukaemia after 4 months.
  • These cases confirm the difficulties in differentiation between congenital leukaemia and transient myeloproliferative disorder presented in literature.
  • In spite of the same haematological symptoms the only difference may be detection of nonhematopoietic tissue infiltration (skin and central nervous system) commonly occurring in congenital leukaemia or the presence of trisomy and other abnormalities of chromosome 21 in transient myeloproliferative disorder.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Lymphoid / congenital. Leukemia, Lymphoid / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / congenital. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Myeloproliferative Disorders / congenital. Myeloproliferative Disorders / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Diagnosis, Differential. Down Syndrome / complications. Down Syndrome / diagnosis. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17317890.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna wieku rozwojowego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Wieku Rozwoj
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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82. Attar EC, De Angelo DJ, Supko JG, D'Amato F, Zahrieh D, Sirulnik A, Wadleigh M, Ballen KK, McAfee S, Miller KB, Levine J, Galinsky I, Trehu EG, Schenkein D, Neuberg D, Stone RM, Amrein PC: Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of bortezomib in combination with idarubicin and cytarabine in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia. Clin Cancer Res; 2008 Mar 1;14(5):1446-54
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  • [Title] Phase I and pharmacokinetic study of bortezomib in combination with idarubicin and cytarabine in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • PURPOSE: Proteasome inhibition results in cytotoxicity to the leukemia stem cell in vitro.
  • We conducted this phase I study to determine if the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib could be safely added to induction chemotherapy in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
  • Nine patients had relapsed AML (ages, 18-59 years, n = 4 and > or = 60 years, n = 5).
  • There were 22 patients of > or = 60 years with previously untreated AML (eight with prior myelodysplasia/myeloproliferative disorder or cytotoxic therapy).
  • Overall, 19 patients (61%) achieved complete remission (CR) and three had CR with incomplete platelet recovery.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / pharmacokinetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18316568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA066996
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Boronic Acids; 0 / Pyrazines; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 69G8BD63PP / Bortezomib; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
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83. Ravandi F, Cortes J, Faderl S, O'Brien S, Garcia-Manero G, Verstovsek S, Santos FP, Shan J, Brandt M, de Lima M, Pierce S, Kantarjian H: Characteristics and outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia refractory to 1 cycle of high-dose cytarabine-based induction chemotherapy. Blood; 2010 Dec 23;116(26):5818-23; quiz 6153
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  • [Title] Characteristics and outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia refractory to 1 cycle of high-dose cytarabine-based induction chemotherapy.
  • Refractory patients were older (median age, 59 vs 56 years; P < .001), more likely with unfavorable cytogenetics (P < .001) and antecedent hematologic disorder (P < .001), and had a higher presentation white blood cell count (P = .04), but not a higher incidence of FLT3 mutations (P = .85), than those achieving CR.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anthracyclines / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Survival Rate. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20923968.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016672
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracyclines; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4081278
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84. Aimoto M, Yamane T, Inoue A, Momose D, Moriguchi-Aimoto R, Wada-Inoue E, Okamoto S, Koh H, Nakane T, Takeoka Y, Akahori-Nakamae M, Nishiki-Kosaka S, Terada Y, Nakamae H, Koh KR, Nakao T, Ohsawa M, Hino M: [Epstein-Barr virus-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder diagnosed by the episode of intestinal perforation following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2010 Dec;51(12):1775-80
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Epstein-Barr virus-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder diagnosed by the episode of intestinal perforation following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation].
  • A 64-year-old man was diagnosed as having acute myeloid leukemia.
  • We performed sequential treatment with chemotherapy and reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation from an unrelated donor while the patient was in partial remission.
  • After engraftment, he developed acute graft-versus-host disease of the gut on day 42 and steroid therapy was started.
  • On day 159, he complained of acute left lower abdominal pain.
  • Since these cells were positive for CD20 and Epstein-Barr-virus (EBV) encoded RNA, we made a diagnosis of EBV-associated post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD).
  • Reduction in the dose of immunosuppressive agents and rituximab led to complete remission of PTLD.
  • [MeSH-major] Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects. Intestinal Perforation / etiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Lymphoproliferative Disorders / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Graft vs Host Disease / etiology. Humans. Immunosuppressive Agents / administration & dosage. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Rituximab. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 21258188.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Immunosuppressive Agents; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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85. Seiter K, Liu D, Feldman E, Shi Q, Qureshi A, Arshad M, Walia T, Naseer N, Baskind P, Ahmed T: Long-term follow-up of high-dose mitoxantrone-based induction therapy for patients with newly-diagnosed acute myelogenous leukemia. Twelve year results from a single institution. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Mar;47(3):425-32
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  • [Title] Long-term follow-up of high-dose mitoxantrone-based induction therapy for patients with newly-diagnosed acute myelogenous leukemia. Twelve year results from a single institution.
  • This report provides long-term results of the treatment of patients with newly-diagnosed AML with a single high dose of mitoxantrone combined with once daily cytarabine.
  • Patients with a prior antecedent hematologic disorder were eligible.
  • The overall complete remission rate was 64%, with responses in 78% of patients less than 60 years of age and 51% of patients 60 years of age or older.
  • For a sub-set of patients who would be eligible for most US trials, the complete remission rate was 84% in younger patients and 60% in older patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Mitoxantrone / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Diagnosis, Differential. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Drug Administration Schedule. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16396765.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Clinical Trial, Phase III; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone
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86. Stańczak E, Pawelec K, Romiszewski M: [Lymphoproliferative disorder as a complication after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation]. Med Wieku Rozwoj; 2008 Oct-Dec;12(4 Pt 2):1117-21
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  • [Title] [Lymphoproliferative disorder as a complication after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation].
  • We are presenting the case of a 9-year-old boy with acute myelogenous leukaemia in second remission, who developed LPD after matched unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation (MUD BMT) not identical in two loci.
  • Bone marrow biopsy confirmed continuing remission.
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Child. Fatal Outcome. Fibrinolytic Agents / therapeutic use. Humans. Immunologic Factors / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Male. Polydeoxyribonucleotides / therapeutic use. Pulmonary Edema / etiology. Rituximab

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  • (PMID = 19531835.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna wieku rozwojowego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Wieku Rozwoj
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Fibrinolytic Agents; 0 / Immunologic Factors; 0 / Polydeoxyribonucleotides; 438HCF2X0M / defibrotide; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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87. Staal-Viliare A, Latger-Cannard V, Rault JP, Didion J, Grégoire MJ, Bologna S, Witz B, Jonveaux P, Lecompte T, Rio Y: [A case of de novo acute basophilic leukaemia: diagnostic criteria and review of the literature]. Ann Biol Clin (Paris); 2006 Jul-Aug;64(4):361-5
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  • [Title] [A case of de novo acute basophilic leukaemia: diagnostic criteria and review of the literature].
  • [Transliterated title] A propos d'un cas de leucémie à basophiles de novo: critères diagnostiques et revue de la littérature.
  • We report a case of a de novo acute basophilic leukaemia, revealed by an infectious pneumopathy in a 73 year old man.
  • Immunophenotypic studies showed myeloid blasts, without maturity marker, CD 117 negative and CD203 cytoplasmic positive, the latter known to be highly representative of the basophilic lineage.
  • Thus, imatinib was added to the conventional chimiotherapy and the patient is currently in complete remission.
  • This clinical prompted allows us to review the literature on acute basophilic leukaemia and to state on the different diagnostic criteria of this rare disorder.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Basophilic, Acute / blood. Leukemia, Basophilic, Acute / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16829481.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-3898
  • [Journal-full-title] Annales de biologie clinique
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Biol. Clin. (Paris)
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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88. Blum W, Garzon R, Klisovic RB, Schwind S, Walker A, Geyer S, Liu S, Havelange V, Becker H, Schaaf L, Mickle J, Devine H, Kefauver C, Devine SM, Chan KK, Heerema NA, Bloomfield CD, Grever MR, Byrd JC, Villalona-Calero M, Croce CM, Marcucci G: Clinical response and miR-29b predictive significance in older AML patients treated with a 10-day schedule of decitabine. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A; 2010 Apr 20;107(16):7473-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical response and miR-29b predictive significance in older AML patients treated with a 10-day schedule of decitabine.
  • A phase II clinical trial with single-agent decitabine was conducted in older patients (>or=60 years) with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who were not candidates for or who refused intensive chemotherapy.
  • Nineteen (36%) had antecedent hematologic disorder or therapy-related AML; 16 had complex karyotypes (>or=3 abnormalities).
  • The complete remission rate was 47% (n = 25), achieved after a median of three cycles of therapy.
  • Complete remission was achieved in 52% of subjects presenting with normal karyotype and in 50% of those with complex karyotypes.
  • In conclusion, this schedule of decitabine was highly active and well tolerated in this poor-risk cohort of older AML patients.
  • Levels of miR-29b should be validated as a predictive factor for stratification of older AML patients to decitabine treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Azacitidine / analogs & derivatives. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. MicroRNAs / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Cohort Studies. DNA Methylation. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20368434.001).
  • [ISSN] 1091-6490
  • [Journal-full-title] Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00492401
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P50 CA140158; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA102031; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K23 CA120708; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K12CA133250; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K23CA120708; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K12 CA133250; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / N01CM62207; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CM / N01-CM-62207
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / MIRN29 microRNA, human; 0 / MicroRNAs; 776B62CQ27 / decitabine; M801H13NRU / Azacitidine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2867720
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89. Zhang LJ, Shin ES, Yu ZX, Li SB: Molecular genetic evidence of Y chromosome loss in male patients with hematological disorders. Chin Med J (Engl); 2007 Nov 20;120(22):2002-5
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  • These patients were divided into two groups: the study group, including 237 patients who had hematological disorders included myeloproliferative disorder (MPD), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), multiple myeloma (MM), and lymphoma and the control group including 355 patients with no evidence of hematological disease.
  • Of these 24 patients, 2 patients had AML (5.0% of all AML patients), 2 patients had CML (5.7% of all CML patients), 2 patients had MPD (8.0% of all MPD patients), 3 patients had MM (10.0% of all MM patients), 5 patients had lymphoma (10.6% of all lymphoma patients) and 10 patients had MDS (16.7% of all MDS patients).
  • Two of the patients, one with AML and another with CML, had karyotype and FISH testing done both at the initial diagnosis and during remission.
  • The results showed a loss of Y chromosome at initial diagnosis but a normal 46, XY karyotype during remission.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Leukemia / genetics. Lymphoma / genetics. Male. Middle Aged. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / genetics. Retrospective Studies

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  • (PMID = 18067786.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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90. Ostgård LS, Kjeldsen E, Holm MS, Brown Pde N, Pedersen BB, Bendix K, Johansen P, Kristensen JS, Nørgaard JM: Reasons for treating secondary AML as de novo AML. Eur J Haematol; 2010 Sep;85(3):217-26
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  • [Title] Reasons for treating secondary AML as de novo AML.
  • In a Danish bi-regional registry-based study, we conducted an analysis of the incidence and clinical importance of secondary acute myeloid leukaemia (AML).
  • In a total of 630 cases of AML, we found 157 (25%) cases of secondary AML.
  • The secondary leukaemia arose from MDS (myelodysplastic syndrome) in 77 cases (49%), CMPD (chronic myeloproliferative disorder) in 43 cases (27%) and was therapy-related AML (t-AML) in 37 cases (24%).
  • Median age at diagnosis of AML was 69 yr in secondary cases when compared to 66 yr in de novo cases (P = 0.006).
  • In univariate analyses, secondary AML was associated with an inferior complete remission (CR) rate (P = 0.008) and poorer overall survival (OS, P = 0.003) whereas in complete remitters, disease-free survival (DFS) of secondary cases was equal to that of de novo cases.
  • Interestingly, in all further analyses of CR-rates, OS and DFS, when correcting for the influence of age, cytogenetic abnormalities, performance status and leucocyte count (WBC), presence of secondary AML completely lost prognostic significance.
  • We conclude that the presence of secondary AML does not per se convey an unfavourable prognosis and that patients with secondary AML should be offered the chance of benefiting from treatment according to current frontline AML protocols.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / complications


96. Nagai S, Nannya Y, Takahashi T, Kurokawa M: Jumping translocation involving 1q21 during long-term complete remission of acute myeloid leukemia. Ann Hematol; 2010 Jul;89(7):741-2
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  • [Title] Jumping translocation involving 1q21 during long-term complete remission of acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 19904535.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-0584
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracyclines; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide
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97. Berneman ZN, Anguille S, Van Marck V, Schroyens WA, Van Tendeloo VF: Induction of complete remission of acute myeloid leukaemia by pegylated interferon-alpha-2a in a patient with transformed primary myelofibrosis. Br J Haematol; 2010 Apr;149(1):152-5
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  • [Title] Induction of complete remission of acute myeloid leukaemia by pegylated interferon-alpha-2a in a patient with transformed primary myelofibrosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Interferon-alpha / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Polyethylene Glycols / therapeutic use. Primary Myelofibrosis / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Transformation, Neoplastic / pathology. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Recombinant Proteins. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 19995392.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Interferon-alpha; 0 / Recombinant Proteins; 0 / peginterferon alfa-2a; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols; 76543-88-9 / interferon alfa-2a
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98. Naithani R, Kumar R, Mahapatra M, Agrawal N, Mishra P: Early discharge from hospital after consolidation chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia in remission: febrile neutropenic episodes and their outcome in a resource poor setting. Haematologica; 2008 Sep;93(9):1416-8
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  • [Title] Early discharge from hospital after consolidation chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia in remission: febrile neutropenic episodes and their outcome in a resource poor setting.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Fever. Hospitals. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Neutrophils / cytology. Patient Discharge / statistics & numerical data
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Female. Humans. Leukocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome


99. Yanada M, Garcia-Manero G, Borthakur G, Ravandi F, Kantarjian H, Estey E: Relapse and death during first remission in acute myeloid leukemia. Haematologica; 2008 Apr;93(4):633-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Relapse and death during first remission in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / adverse effects. Disease-Free Survival. Drug Administration Schedule. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Risk. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18379012.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
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100. Yarranton H: Criteria for defining a complete remission in acute myeloid leukaemia. Br J Haematol; 2005 Apr;129(1):157-8; author reply 158

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Criteria for defining a complete remission in acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Humans. Remission Induction. Specimen Handling / methods

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  • [CommentOn] Br J Haematol. 2005 Jan;128(2):184-91 [15638852.001]
  • (PMID = 15801968.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
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