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Items 1 to 100 of about 10481
1. Park EK, Jeon JS, Noh HJ, Won JH, Park HS: Complete remission of IgA nephropathy after bone marrow transplantation for acute myeloid leukaemia. NDT Plus; 2008 Dec;1(6):420-422
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  • [Title] Complete remission of IgA nephropathy after bone marrow transplantation for acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • A 32-year-old woman was found to have IgA nephropathy and acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • We herein report a case of complete remission of IgA nephropathy after BMT for acute myeloid leukaemia.

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  • (PMID = 28657023.001).
  • [ISSN] 1753-0784
  • [Journal-full-title] NDT plus
  • [ISO-abbreviation] NDT Plus
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; IgA nephropathy / bone marrow transplantation
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2. Fard SS, Jeddi-Tehrani M, Akhondi MM, Hashemi M, Ardekani AM: Flow Cytometric Analysis of 4-HPR-induced Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest in Acute Myelocytic Leukemia Cell Line (NB-4). Avicenna J Med Biotechnol; 2010 Jan;2(1):53-61
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  • [Title] Flow Cytometric Analysis of 4-HPR-induced Apoptosis and Cell Cycle Arrest in Acute Myelocytic Leukemia Cell Line (NB-4).
  • In many acute leukemias, normal differentiation does not occur.
  • However, in many cell lines derived from hematologic malignancies, differentiation or programmed cell death (apoptosis) can be induced by variety of agents including: Vitamin analogs, demethylating agents, cyclic AMP analogs and anti-proliferative agents.
  • To the best of our knowledge there has been not any study specifically to analyze apoptotic and anti-proliferative effects of 4-HPR (a vitamin analog) in NB-4 cell line.
  • To test whether this drug has activity in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we first analyzed the anti-proliferative effect of 4-HPR in one AML cell line (NB-4) using MTT Assay.
  • Next we tested whether this drug induced apoptotic cell death.
  • We also analyzed the cell cycle progression by PI staining using flow cytometry.
  • Flow cytometry analysis indicates that 4-HPR is a potent inducer of in vitro apoptotic cell death, and cell cycle analysis revealed an increase in S phase population.
  • In total, the results indicate that 4-HPR is a strong inhibitor of AML cell proliferation and a potent inducer of in vitro apoptotic cell death.
  • Further studies are required to evaluate the in vitro effects of 4-HPR in AML blasts derived from AML patients.

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  • (PMID = 23407328.001).
  • [ISSN] 2008-2835
  • [Journal-full-title] Avicenna journal of medical biotechnology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Avicenna J Med Biotechnol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Iran
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3558144
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; 4-HPR / Acute myelocytic leukemia / Apoptosis / Cell differentiation / Flow cytometry
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3. Gorin NC, Labopin M, Reiffers J, Milpied N, Blaise D, Witz F, de Witte T, Meloni G, Attal M, Bernal T, Rocha V, Acute Leukemia Working Party, European Cooperative Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation: Higher incidence of relapse in patients with acute myelocytic leukemia infused with higher doses of CD34+ cells from leukapheresis products autografted during the first remission. Blood; 2010 Oct 28;116(17):3157-62
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  • [Title] Higher incidence of relapse in patients with acute myelocytic leukemia infused with higher doses of CD34+ cells from leukapheresis products autografted during the first remission.
  • The stem cell source for autologous transplantation has shifted from bone marrow to peripheral blood (PB).
  • We previously showed that relapse incidence in patients with acute myelocytic leukemia autografted in first remission (CR1) was greater with PB than bone marrow, and a poorer outcome was associated with a shorter CR1 to PB transplantation interval (≤ 80 days).
  • Leukemic and normal progenitors are CD34(+) and can be concomitantly mobilized; we assessed whether an association exists between the infused CD34(+) cell dose and outcome.
  • The infused CD34(+) cell doses were available for 772 patients autografted more than 80 days after CR1 and were categorized by percentiles.
  • By multivariate analysis, relapse was more probable in patients who received the highest dose (hazard ratio = 1.48; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-1.95; P = .005), and leukemia-free survival was worse (hazard ratio = 0.72; 95% confidence interval, 0.55-0.93; P = .01).
  • In conclusion, in patients autografted in first remission, relapse was higher and leukemia-free survival lower for those who received the highest CD34(+) PB doses.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD34 / adverse effects. Leukapheresis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / prevention & control. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Disease-Free Survival. Humans. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Prognosis. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Transplantation, Autologous. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20479285.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / MRC/ MC/ G0802523
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34
  • [Investigator] Milpied N; Blaise D; Witz F; Schattenberg A; Foa R; Attal MR; Bernal T; Maertens J; Rio B; Torres Gomez A; Harousseau JL; Cahn JY; Deconinck E; Michallet M; Delmer A; Alessandrino EP; Caillot D; Gratecos N; Ifrah N; Lioure B; Bordessoule D; Pogliani EM; Buzyn A; Bunjes D; Bay JO; De Blasio A; Indrák K; Iacopino P; Janssen JJ; Arcese W; Drenou B; Falda M; Iriondo Atienza A; Guilhot F; Lamy T; Schaafsma MR; Milone G; Guyotat D; Bosi A; Feremans W; Berthou C; Rodeghiero F; Levis A; Fremiotti A; Willemze R; Rizzoli V; Colombat P; Dreyfus F; Marianska B; Ljungman P; Ferrant A; Petersen E; Jouet JP; Cortelazzo S; Scimè R; Aljurf M; Bello López JL; Unal A; Caballero D; Rotoli B; Schubert J; Cantore N; Gorin NC; Cornelissen JJ; Solano C; Martinelli G; Sánchez de Toledo Codina J; Wijermans PW; Masszi T; Lasa Isasti R; Gallamini A; Zander AR; Schots R; Musso M; Metzner B; Botelho Sousa A; Apperley J; Schanz U; Carreras E; Bron D; Remes K; Di Bartolomeo P; Sierra J; Vernant JP; Zoumbos NC; Moicean A; Zuffa E; Aglietta M; Saglio G; Gutierrez Martín M; Gordon-Smith E; Pérez Equiza E; Urban C; Mistrik M; Gurman G; Wandt H; Afanasyev B; Fernández MN; Edwards D; Malm C; Duarte Palomino RF; Zambelli A; Vivancos P; Leoni P; Diez-Martin JL; Wiktor-Jedrzejczak W
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4. Jiang JG, Roman E, Nandula SV, Murty VV, Bhagat G, Alobeid B: Congenital MLL-positive B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) switched lineage at relapse to acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) with persistent t(4;11) and t(1;6) translocations and JH gene rearrangement. Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Aug;46(8):1223-7
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  • [Title] Congenital MLL-positive B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) switched lineage at relapse to acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) with persistent t(4;11) and t(1;6) translocations and JH gene rearrangement.
  • Congenital acute leukemia is a rare form of childhood leukemia, in which lineage conversion at relapse is very rarely reported.
  • Here we describe a case of congenital B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) with t(4;11) and t(1;6) translocations, which at relapse underwent a switch to monocytic lineage with persistence of the original cytogenetic translocations and clonal rearrangement of the JH gene.
  • Similar to the other described cases of congenital acute leukemia with lineage conversion, our case had a MLL gene rearrangement and followed an aggressive clinical course.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Lineage. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 6 / genetics. Cytogenetic Analysis. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Female. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Immunoglobulin J-Chains / genetics. Immunophenotyping. Infant, Newborn. Prognosis. Recurrence

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  • (PMID = 16085566.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; 0 / Immunoglobulin J-Chains; 0 / MLL protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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5. Mo JK, Zhang Z, Li YX, Lei D, Ma J: [Application of Helena SAS-3 full automatic hemoglobin agarose electrophoresis]. Di Yi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue Bao; 2005 Dec;25(12):1565-7

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of Halena SAS-3 full automatic hemoglobin agarose electrophoresis in the diagnosis of thalassemia.
  • METHODS: Hemoglobin A and A2 was detected by agarose electrophoresis in 200 blood samples collected from 170 healthy subjects, 2 patients with beta-thalassemia, 12 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 12 acute myelocytic leukemia and with 4 non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • RESULTS: The Mean+/-SD of hemoglobin A in the healthy subjects and patients with beta-thalassemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myelocytic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma was 97.55+/-0.51, 97.01+/-0.329, 97.42+/-0.57, 97.44+/-0.55, and that of A2 was 2.44+/-0.51, 2.99+/-0.32, 2.84+/-0.28, 2.55+/-0.55, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Halena SAS-3 full automatic agarose electrophoresis system possesses strong resolving power in detecting trace abnormal hemoglobin and accurately identifies unusual evaluation of hemoglobin A2 and F to facilitate the diagnosis of thalassemia.

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  • (PMID = 16361167.001).
  • [ISSN] 1000-2588
  • [Journal-full-title] Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Di Yi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hemoglobins; 9034-51-9 / Hemoglobin A; 9034-63-3 / Fetal Hemoglobin
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6. Bourgeois GP, Cafardi JA, Sellheyer K, Andea AA: Disseminated Fusarium infection originating from paronychia in a neutropenic patient: a case report and review of the literature. Cutis; 2010 Apr;85(4):191-4
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  • The incidence of disseminated disease has notably increased since the initial cases of disseminated Fusarium were described, particularly affecting immunocompromised patients with hematologic malignancies.
  • We report a 39-year-old man hospitalized with newly diagnosed acute myelocytic leukemia who developed disseminated Fusarium infection originating from toenail paronychia in the setting of neutropenia.
  • Pathologic diagnosis of Fusarium is difficult because the septate hyphae of Fusarium are difficult to distinguish from Aspergillus, which has a more favorable outcome.

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  • [CommentIn] Cutis. 2010 Apr;85(4):176-7 [20486453.001]
  • (PMID = 20486458.001).
  • [ISSN] 0011-4162
  • [Journal-full-title] Cutis
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cutis
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / AR050948-06; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / P30 AR050948; United States / NIAMS NIH HHS / AR / P30 AR050948-06
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 20
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS226296; NLM/ PMC2926817
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7. Aşkin U, Durdu M, Senel E: Generalized granuloma annulare in a patient with myelocytic leukemia and chronic hepatitis B virus infection. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol; 2009 May-Jun;75(3):287-9
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  • [Title] Generalized granuloma annulare in a patient with myelocytic leukemia and chronic hepatitis B virus infection.
  • Granuloma annulare is a granulomatous disorder of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue, with different clinical types.
  • We describe a 60-year-old woman with a 4-month history of generalized annular lesions.
  • She had a history of myelocytic leukemia and chronic hepatitis B virus infection.
  • To date, both acute myelocytic leukemia and hepatitis B virus infection have been described independently in association with generalized granuloma annulare but have never been described together in association with generalized granuloma annulare.
  • [MeSH-major] Granuloma Annulare / diagnosis. Hepatitis B / diagnosis. Hepatitis B virus. Leukemia, Myeloid / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19439883.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-3922
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of dermatology, venereology and leprology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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8. Nakane T, Yamane T, Nakamae H, Ichihara H, Koh H, Takeoka Y, Kanashima H, Sakamoto E, Koh KR, Hino M: [Improved outcome in brain abscess during induction in acute myelocytic leukemia]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 May;34(5):789-92
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  • [Title] [Improved outcome in brain abscess during induction in acute myelocytic leukemia].
  • A 31-year-old female with acute myelocytic leukemia was admitted to our hospital in June 2004.
  • However,because the platelet count was low, neurosurgical procedures, including craniotomy/abscess resection, or abscess drainage, were not performed, and we could not detect bacteria or fungus as the cause of brain abscess.
  • Thereafter, she underwent related peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, and has had no recurrence of brain abscess.
  • Brain abscess during chemotherapy for patients with acute leukemia is commonly due to fungus,particularly Aspergillus, which has a very high fatality rate.
  • [MeSH-major] Brain Abscess / drug therapy. Brain Abscess / etiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation

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  • (PMID = 17496459.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Organophosphates; 0 / Thienamycins; 3JIJ299EWH / fosfluconazole; 8VZV102JFY / Fluconazole; FV9J3JU8B1 / meropenem
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9. Hoopmann M, Rahimi G, Hartlapp I, Eifinger F, Garnier Y, Bald R: [Chemotherapy-induced fetal anemia in maternal acute myelocytic leukemia]. Ultraschall Med; 2008 Aug;29(4):424-7
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  • [Title] [Chemotherapy-induced fetal anemia in maternal acute myelocytic leukemia].
  • This article discusses the management of a pregnancy of a 32-year-old primigravida with acute myelocytic leukemia treated with induction chemotherapy starting in the 20 + 5 week of gestation.
  • Cases of acute leukemia in pregnancy are complicated by severe prenatal risks caused by the hematologic illness and by the immediate beginning of chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Anemia, Neonatal / chemically induced. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / toxicity. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / drug therapy. Ultrasonography, Prenatal

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  • (PMID = 17717788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1438-8782
  • [Journal-full-title] Ultraschall in der Medizin (Stuttgart, Germany : 1980)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ultraschall Med
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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10. Toshima M: [Report on the treatment of infection complicating hematological diseases. Case 1. Evaluation of anti-mycotic agent in patients with acute myelocytic leukemia under hemodialysis]. Jpn J Antibiot; 2007 Oct;60(5):315-6
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  • [Title] [Report on the treatment of infection complicating hematological diseases. Case 1. Evaluation of anti-mycotic agent in patients with acute myelocytic leukemia under hemodialysis].
  • [MeSH-major] Amphotericin B / therapeutic use. Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Aspergillosis / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Renal Dialysis


11. Moore SD, Strehl S, Dal Cin P: Acute myelocytic leukemia with t(11;17)(q23;q12-q21) involves a fusion of MLL and AF17. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 Feb;157(1):87-9
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  • [Title] Acute myelocytic leukemia with t(11;17)(q23;q12-q21) involves a fusion of MLL and AF17.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Proto-Oncogenes / genetics. Transcription Factors / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein

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  • (PMID = 15676155.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / MLL protein, human; 0 / MLLT6 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Transcription Factors; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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12. Zhu W, Sun Z, Zhai Z, Ding K, Wu G: A novel t(3;19)(p21;p13) in a patient with acute myelocytic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2007 Dec;179(2):165-6
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  • [Title] A novel t(3;19)(p21;p13) in a patient with acute myelocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18036408.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Lin SJ, Chow JM, Hsieh MH, Chan P: Recurrent coronary spasm with complete atrioventricular block in a patient with refractory acute myelocytic leukemia. Int J Cardiol; 2005 Mar 18;99(2):361-3
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  • [Title] Recurrent coronary spasm with complete atrioventricular block in a patient with refractory acute myelocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Coronary Vasospasm / complications. Heart Block / etiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications

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  • (PMID = 15749207.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-5273
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cardiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cardiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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14. Gorin NC, Labopin M, Blaise D, Reiffers J, Meloni G, Michallet M, de Witte T, Attal M, Rio B, Witz F, Fouillard L, Willemze R, Rocha V, Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Cooperative Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation: Higher incidence of relapse with peripheral blood rather than marrow as a source of stem cells in adults with acute myelocytic leukemia autografted during the first remission. J Clin Oncol; 2009 Aug 20;27(24):3987-93
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Higher incidence of relapse with peripheral blood rather than marrow as a source of stem cells in adults with acute myelocytic leukemia autografted during the first remission.
  • PURPOSE: The cell source for autologous stem cell transplantation has shifted from bone marrow (BM) to peripheral blood (PB).
  • In acute myelocytic leukemia (AML), for patients who receive transplants during first complete remission (CR1), no prospective randomized study has compared relapse incidence (RI) to cell source.
  • This translated into a significantly worse leukemia-free survival (LFS) for early PB transplantation (36% +/- 3%; HR, 0.75; 95% CI, 0.58 to 0.96; P = .02) and a trend for a poorer LFS for late PB (46% +/- 2%; HR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.7 to 1.01; P = .06) as compared with BM (52% +/- 2%).
  • CONCLUSION: For patients with AML in CR1, risk of relapse is greater with PB transplantation rather than BM, independent of the interval from CR1 to transplantation.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Acute Myelocytic Leukemia.
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  • [CommentIn] J Clin Oncol. 2010 May 20;28(15):e246-7; author reply e248-9 [20368550.001]
  • (PMID = 19597030.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Scott RH, Mansour S, Pritchard-Jones K, Kumar D, MacSweeney F, Rahman N: Medulloblastoma, acute myelocytic leukemia and colonic carcinomas in a child with biallelic MSH6 mutations. Nat Clin Pract Oncol; 2007 Feb;4(2):130-4
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Medulloblastoma, acute myelocytic leukemia and colonic carcinomas in a child with biallelic MSH6 mutations.
  • At the age of 7 years she had widespread hyperpigmented and hypopigmented skin lesions, and had developed medulloblastoma, which was treated with chemotherapy and craniospinal irradiation.
  • At the age of 10 years she had developed acute myelocytic leukemia, M5.
  • Diagnosis Constitutional biallelic mutations in the mismatch repair gene MSH6 were identified in the proband.
  • This is the first individual with biallelic MSH6 mutations reported with either medulloblastoma or acute myelocytic leukemia.
  • It is important to consider this diagnosis in children presenting with malignancy and abnormal skin pigmentation, even in the absence of a strong family history of tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Cerebellar Neoplasms / genetics. Colonic Neoplasms / genetics. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Medulloblastoma / genetics


16. Bloomfield CD: Importance of genetic heterogeneity in curing adult acute leukemia (AL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):s1

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Importance of genetic heterogeneity in curing adult acute leukemia (AL).
  • Publication of the French-American-British classification 34 years ago resulted in acceptance that morphology and cytochemistry separated AL into two different diseases, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), that required separate treatment.
  • During the next 15-20 years the importance of cytogenetics in dissecting ALL and AML into entities requiring different therapies became widely accepted, resulting in 2001 in their first incorporation into the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of AL.
  • The most striking example of increased curability of AL is acute promyelocytic leukemia, in which targeted therapy combined with chemotherapy has increased survival from a 2-week median to an 80% cure rate.
  • Recognition of increased sensitivity of a genetic subtype of AML to high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) has increased the cure rate of core-binding factor (CBF) AML from <10%-25% to 55%-60%.
  • Recent discovery of the adverse impact of KIT mutations in CBF AML may allow the addition of tyrosine kinase inhibitors to HiDAC to substantially further increase cure.
  • Among adult de novo AML 40%-45% are cytogenetically normal (CN); the striking molecular heterogeneity of CN-AML is now being recognized and promises to allow individualized approaches that improve substantially upon the current cure rate of 40%.
  • New approaches to studying the leukemia genome and epigenome should improve our understanding of AL heterogeneity, identify new therapeutic targets, and allow the cure of most patients.

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  • (PMID = 27962366.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Schiller GJ, O'Brien SM, Vey N, Pigneux A, DeAngelo DJ, Karp JE, Hudak D, Kell J, Stuart RK, Giles FJ: Comorbidity description using the hematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI) in elderly de novo poor-risk AML patients (pts) treated with laromustine. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7050

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comorbidity description using the hematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI) in elderly de novo poor-risk AML patients (pts) treated with laromustine.
  • : 7050 Background: Treatment of older pts with AML is often complicated by comorbidities and pts with comorbidities are often underrepresented in clinical trials.
  • The HCT-CI, which was developed in pts receiving allogeneic SCT, has been applied to pts receiving induction therapy for AML in an effort to assist in therapeutic and investigational decisions (Kantarjian 2006; Etienne 2007; Giles 2007).
  • HCT-CI scores have been shown to be predictive of early death and survival in pts ≥ 60 years receiving induction therapy for AML, with early death rates of 3%, 11%, and 29% for pts with HCT-CI scores of 0, 1-2, and ≥ 3, respectively (Giles 2007).
  • METHODS: 140 pts age ≥ 60 with poor risk de novo AML from two phase II studies were scored for comorbidity by HCT-CI.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The majority (81%) of these older poor risk AML pts treated with laromustine had a HCT-CI score ≥ 3, confirming the poor risk nature of this patient group.
  • The induction death rate for pts treated with laromustine and with HCT-CI score ≥ 3 was lower than that reported for a group of pts with HCT-CI score ≥ 3 treated with standard induction chemotherapy (14% vs 29%; Giles 2007).

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  • (PMID = 27961414.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Veuillen C, Gravis G, Marcy M, Walz J, Bladou F, Salem N, Brunelle S, Olive D: Alterations of natural killer cells in metastatic prostate cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e16131

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Recently, our group have reported that patients with acute myeloid leukaemia have defective interactions receptor -ligand in NK cells due to a decreasing expression of Natural Cytotoxicity Receptors and it could be used as a evasion mechanism by leukaemia cells.
  • In ADPC and AIPC NK cells, the expression of NKRi and other NKRa did not differ from healthy donors.
  • In LPC NK cells, the expression of NKRi and NKRa did not differ from healthy donors.
  • Is it hormonal therapy or extension of the disease that is responsible of NK cells alterations?

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  • (PMID = 27963371.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Queudeville M, Eckhoff SM, Debatin K, Meyer LH: Correlatoin of apoptosis signaling in primary pediatric BCP-ALL xenograft cells with the kinetics of engraftment in vivo in a NOD/SCID model and patient outcome. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10043

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 10043 Background: We previously identified the importance of intact apoptosis signaling for treatment response in pediatric ALL and AML by analyzing two key apoptogenic events, caspase-3 activation and cytochrome c release.
  • Using a NOD/SCID mouse model for pediatric BCP-ALL we found that short time from transplant to overt leukemia in the recipient mice (short time to leukemia, TTLshort) determines poor patient outcome.
  • METHODS: In this study we investigated the importance of deficient apoptosis signaling for leukemia engraftment in this model.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our finding in the NOD/SCID/huALL model matches our results in pediatric ALL and AML to conclude that the functional integrity of a downstream apoptotic checkpoint is an important feature regulating leukemia biology.
  • Thus, deficient apoptosis signaling appears to determine rapid engraftment of leukemia cells in the NOD/SCID model in vivo and consequently poor patient outcome.

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  • (PMID = 27962469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Steensma D, Kantarjian H, Wijermans P: Clinical experience with different dosing schedules of decitabine in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7011

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Data from each clinical trial supporting overall improvement, duration of improvement, time to AML or death, progression-free survival (PFS), and transfusion independence was assessed.
  • RESULTS: Patients had IPSS classification scores of intermediate-2 or high-risk (D-0007, 70%; EORTC-06011, 93%; ID03-0180, 66%; DACO-020, 46%) and de novo MDS (D-0007, 87%; EORTC-06011, 88%; ID03-0180, 70%; DACO-020, 89%).
  • Comparable overall improvement (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR] + hematologic improvement [HI]), time to AML or death, and PFS was observed across all trials (Table).

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  • (PMID = 27961372.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Medeiros BC, Gotlib JR, Coutre SE, Jones C, Khan SA, Rajwanshi R, Rajwanshi R, Zehnder J, Zehnder J: Interim results of protracted low doses of temozolomide in high-risk acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7052

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Interim results of protracted low doses of temozolomide in high-risk acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 7052 Background: High treatment-related mortality and low response rates often discourage elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia from receiving treatment.
  • METHODS: Phase II clinical trial of tailored temozolomide therapy to high-risk AML patients according to AGAT methylation promoter status.
  • Patients demonstrating evidence of AGAT promoter methylation were stratified to conventional doses of temozolomide at 200 mg/m2 orally x 7 days.
  • Patients demonstrating lack of AGAT promoter methylation (unmethylated) received protracted doses of temozolomide (100 mg/m2 orally x 14 days) followed by conventional doses of temozolomide.
  • De novo AML was diagnosed in eight patients and five patients had s-AML.
  • Drug-related hematologic toxicities were difficult to distinguish from disease-related cytopenias.
  • Seven patients have died from disease progression, while two patients died of neutropenic sepsis (early deaths).
  • CONCLUSIONS: These preliminary results suggest that temozolomide therapy may be individually tailored to elderly patients with AML according to AGAT promoter status.

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  • (PMID = 27961417.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Duhoux F, Libouton J, Bahloula K, Ameye G, Poirel HA: Identification by FISH of 4 novel partner loci of PRDM16 in myeloid malignancies. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):11037

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Identification by FISH of 4 novel partner loci of PRDM16 in myeloid malignancies.
  • : 11037 Background: PRDM16 is a gene located on 1p36.32 that encodes for a zinc finger transcription factor and contains an N-terminal PR domain.
  • It has been shown to be involved in the reciprocal translocation t(1;3)(p36;q21) and more rarely the t(1;21)(p36;q22) which both occur in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemias (AML).
  • These translocations result in the overexpression of a truncated version of the PRDM16 protein that lacks the PR domain.
  • This overexpression might play an important role in the pathogenesis of MDS and AML in blocking myeloid differentiation.
  • METHODS: We studied 35 myeloid malignancies, 12 lymphoid malignancies and 3 undifferentiated acute leukemias with 1p36 abnormalities by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with a bacterial artificial chromosomes (BAC) contig containing 50 BAC probes on 1p36.
  • RESULTS: In addition to the known t(1;3)(p36;q21) (11 cases) and t(1;21)(p36;q22) (1 case) involving RPN1 andAML1/RUNX1 respectively in myeloid malignancies, we specifically found PRDM16 to be rearranged in 4 additional translocations : a t(1;12)(p36;p13) in an AML-M4, a t(1;7)(p36;p12) in a MDS, an add(1)(p36) in an AML-M2 and a t(1;2)(p36;p12) in a relapsed AML-M4.
  • We identified the respective candidate partner loci : TEL/ETV6, IKZF1, CDH4 and a non-coding unknown sequence.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In our series of 50 cases of hematological malignancies with 1p36 abnormalities, PRDM16 was involved in about 45% of myeloid malignancies, and was never involved in lymphoid malignancies.
  • PRDM16 is supposed to have similar oncogenic properties as MDS1/EVI-1(3q26), another gene encoding for a zinc finger protein and acting as a transcriptional regulatory factor with 2 isoforms.
  • Interestingly, the shortest isoform of MDS/EVI-1, lacking the PR domain, is supposed to have an oncogenic effect due to its translocation-induced upregulation in AML.
  • Further characterization of these new partner genes and functional studies should give us more insight into the pathogenesis of AML and MDS mediated by PRDM16, and the role of its partner genes.

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  • (PMID = 27964015.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Gupta A, Singh M, Singh H, Kumar L, Sharma A, Bakhshi S, Raina V, Thulkar S: Febrile neutropenia during acute myeloid leukemia therapy: Single institution experience from a developing country. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18000

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Febrile neutropenia during acute myeloid leukemia therapy: Single institution experience from a developing country.
  • : e18000 Background: Febrile neutropenia poses a major challenge during treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML).
  • METHODS: Episodes of febrile neutropenia in 104 consecutive patients of AML admitted to the medical oncology ward between May 2001 and December 2006 were studied.
  • RESULTS: 402 febrile episodes including 363 episodes of febrile neutropenia (180 in induction, 183 in consolidation) and 39 non-neutropenic episodes (18 in induction, 21 in consolidation) occurred.
  • Prompt and proper institution of antibiotics and antifungals besides considering alternative diagnosis peculiar to the region (e.g. tuberculosis, malaria) may aid in better management.

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  • (PMID = 27964014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Giles FJ, O'Brien S, Rizzieri DA, Vey N, Krug U, Sekeres M, Jacobsen TF, Nilsson BI, Staudacher K: A phase II study with CP-4055 in patients with second salvage AML. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7047

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase II study with CP-4055 in patients with second salvage AML.
  • : 7047 Background: CP-4055 (cytarabine 5'-elaidic acid ester) is a novel derivative of cytarabine, independent of nucleoside transporters to enter the cell.
  • The aim of this study was to assess efficacy and safety of CP-4055 when given as second salvage therapy to patients (pts) with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • METHODS: Adult pts who received two previous chemotherapy regimens and who had refractory/relapsed AML (CR after first salvage therapy lasting less than 6 months) were enrolled.
  • 6 pts had previous transplant, the majority of the pts had previous ara-C based therapy, 12 pts had not obtained CR1 or CR2.
  • Only 1 pt did not receive d1-5 dosing.
  • Most frequently reported related AE ≥ grade 3 (CTCAE v3.0) were myelosuppression, abdominal pain, colitis, diarrhoea, nausea, fatigue, liver function test (LFT) elevation.
  • Clinical activity (IWG criteria for AML), 2 CR (1 with no CR1 or CR2), and 1 CRp (CR rate 15%), were reported.
  • CONCLUSIONS: CP-4055 given as second salvage therapy to AML pts show manageable toxicity when administered at 2,000 mg/m<sup>2</sup>/d, 24 h CIV, in a d1-5 q3w schedule.
  • Clinical activity (2 CR and 1 CRp) has been reported among the first 20 late stage AML pts.

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  • (PMID = 27961426.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Lyman GH, Dale DC, Culakova E, Poniewierski MS, Wolff D, Kuderer NM, Lambert K, Crawford J: Acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) and overall mortality with chemotherapy (CT) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF): A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):9524

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) and overall mortality with chemotherapy (CT) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF): A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
  • : 9524 Background: To evaluate the risk of AML/MDS and overall mortality in patients receiving CT ± G-CSF, a meta-analysis of RCTs were conducted.
  • Eligibility included RCTs of solid tumor or lymphoma patients randomized to CT ± primary G-CSF support, ≥2 years follow-up and reporting AML/MDS or all second malignancies.
  • Pre-specified study categories included: a)same dose/schedule, b)dose-dense or c)dose-escalated CT.
  • Primary outcomes were AML/MDS and mortality.
  • RR for AML/MDS with CT+G-CSF compared to control was 1.92 [P=.006] with ARD increase of 0.4% [P=.008].
  • RR for AML/MDS in study categories to receive the same, dose-dense or dose-escalated CT+G-CSF were 1.95 [P=.346], 1.20 [P=.666] and 2.47 [P=.006], respectively.
  • No differences in estimates of AML/MDS or mortality were observed between industry and non-industry-funded studies.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Risk of AML/MDS is increased with dose escalated CT+G-CSF.
  • Dose-dense regimens are associated with the greatest RR reduction in mortality and lowest risk of AML/MDS.
  • Further research is needed to differentiate any impact of G-CSF on the risk of AML/MDS from that due to increased CT intensity.

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  • (PMID = 27964513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Santos FP, Qiao W, Cortes JE, Jones D, Ravandi F, Verma D, Kantarjian H, Borthakur G: Prognostic value of FLT3 mutations among different cytogenetic subgroups in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7015

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic value of FLT3 mutations among different cytogenetic subgroups in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • : 7015 Background: Mutations of the FLT3 gene (in special internal tandem duplication -ITD) are common in normal karyotype AML (NK-AML) and are associated with shorter relapse free and overall survival (OS).
  • METHODS: The records of patients (pts) with newly diagnosed AML (from 2003 to 2007) were reviewed.
  • A Cox model was fit for OS, and non-significant variables were eliminated in a step-down fashion with a p- value cut-off of p = .10.
  • No difference was found in median OS between FLT3-mutated and FLT3- wild type pts in the good risk group (not reached (NR) vs NR, P = 0.57) nor in the poor risk group (55 vs 24 weeks, P = 0.44).
  • In intermediate risk, OS was worse in FLT3-ITD positive pts (33 vs 89 weeks, P < 0.0001) but not in FLT3-TKD positive pts (77 vs 70 weeks, P = 0.89).
  • CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort of pts, FLT3 mutations did not have a prognostic impact in AML with good and poor risk karyotype.

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  • (PMID = 27961388.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Shepard RC, Talluto CC, Jacob G: Phase I study results of nanomolecular liposomal annamycin in refractory ALL. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7066

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 7066 Background: There continues to be no effective second-line therapy for refractory AML or ALL and the cure rate with current therapy has not significantly improved in decades.
  • The first-line therapy for adult AML has remained the same 7 + 3 that it was a generation ago.
  • The MTD was determined to be 150 mg/m2/day for 3 days.
  • We are now testing it in a phase I study in children and young adults with refractory ALL or AML.

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  • (PMID = 27961442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Ikawa Y, Sugimoto N, Koizumi S, Yachie A, Saikawa Y: Promoter DNA methylation of CD10 in infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia with MLL/AF4 fusion gene. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10045

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Promoter DNA methylation of CD10 in infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia with MLL/AF4 fusion gene.
  • While CD10 negativity reflects an earlier stage of B-cell development, complete IgH gene rearrangements (VDJ<sub>H</sub>) show more mature IgH status.
  • METHODS: CD10-negative infant ALL with MLL/AF4, CD10-positive infant ALL with germ-line MLL, CD10-positive pre-B ALL cell line, infant AML (M5) with MLL/AF9 and pediatric AML (M2) with AML1/ETO were analyzed for VDJ<sub>H</sub> status and methylation of CD10 gene promoters.
  • In contrast, none or a few of the CpG dinucleotides were methylated in the CD10-positive ALL, AML (M5) with MLL/AF9 or AML (M2) with AML1/ETO.

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  • (PMID = 27962471.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. McHayleh WM, Redner R, Sehgal R, Raptis A, Agha M, Natale J, Luong T, Schlesselman JJ, Foon K, Boyiadzis M: Etoposide and mitoxantrone in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia patients with persistent leukemia after a course of induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7073

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Etoposide and mitoxantrone in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia patients with persistent leukemia after a course of induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin.
  • : 7073 Background: The goal of induction chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is complete remission with restoration of normal bone marrow.
  • If residual leukemia is present after the first course of induction therapy, patients receive a second course identical to the first or receive a non-cross resistant antileukemic regimen.
  • METHODS: In a retrospective study of adult patients with newly-diagnosed AML treated at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute between December 2002 and May 2008, we evaluated the efficacy and toxicity of mitoxantrone (10 mg/m<sup>2</sup>/d) and etoposide (100 mg/m<sup>2</sup>/d), both administered intravenously within 5 days as second course therapy of patients not responding to first-course induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin.
  • RESULTS: 74 AML patients (mean age 56 years, range: 18-73 years) completed treatment with etoposide and mitoxantrone; 29 (39%) achieved CR.
  • Lower CR rate was associated with unfavorable cytogenetic risk status at diagnosis and higher percent blasts prior to treatment with mitoxantrone and etoposide.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that the combination of etoposide and mitoxantorne is an active and well-tolerated regimen as second-course therapy in newly diagnosed AML patients who have persistent leukemia after a first course of induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin.

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  • (PMID = 27961456.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Vey N, Bourhis J, Dombret H, Bordessoule D, Prebet T, Charbonnier A, Squiban P, Damholt B, Blaise D, Olive D: A phase I study of the anti-natural killer inhibitory receptor (KIR) monoclonal antibody (1-7F9, IPH2101) in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3015

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase I study of the anti-natural killer inhibitory receptor (KIR) monoclonal antibody (1-7F9, IPH2101) in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • : 3015 Background: The outcome of the majority of patients with AML remains poor, especially in the oldest patients.
  • Allogeneic SCT is a curative approach for AML.
  • In some models, it has been shown that KIR mismatch is important for the anti-leukemic effect of the graft, most probably through unleashed NK cells towards AML blasts, as suggested by enhanced in vitro NK lytic activity of KIR-HLA mismatched donor NK against recipient blasts.
  • We present the results of the first-in-human phase I trial of this agent in patients with AML in complete remission (CR).
  • METHODS: Patients aged 60-80 years with non promyelocytic AML in first CR following induction and 1-6 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy, normal renal, and hepatic functions, KIR-expression on patient NK-cells and who signed informed consent were eligible.Dose escalation (0.0003, 0.003, 0.015, 0.075, 0.3, 1, 3 mg/kg) was studied using a 3+3 scheme.
  • As expected for an IgG4, NK cell numbers were unaffected by the treatment.
  • Upregulation of CD69 on NK cells and concomitant increases in TNF and MIP1b circulating cytokines were observed in some patients at the highest doses (0.075, 0.1, 0.3 mg/kg) but a dose dependency has not been reached yet.
  • At the 0.3mg/kg dose, MTD has not been reached, but a one week receptor blockade and signs of NK activation were observed.

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  • (PMID = 27962059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Maris MB, Ravandi F, Stuart R, Stone R, Cripe L, Cooper M, Strickland S, Turturro F, Stock W, Berman C: A phase II study of voreloxin as single agent therapy for elderly patients (pts) with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7048

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase II study of voreloxin as single agent therapy for elderly patients (pts) with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Interim results of REVEAL-1, a phase II study of single agent voreloxin in newly diagnosed elderly AML pts, are reported.
  • Eligibility: newly diagnosed AML (de novo or secondary AML), pts age ≥ 60 and ≥ 1 additional adverse risk factor (age ≥ 70, secondary AML, intermediate or unfavorable cytogenetics, or PS 2).
  • Median duration of remission has not been reached.
  • Voreloxin PK were similar to those in an earlier single agent phase I study in relapsed/refractory AML.
  • Ex-vivo sensitivity did not predict clinical response.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In REVEAL-1, voreloxin demonstrates clinical activity with 2 dosing schedules in previously untreated elderly (age ≥ 60) patients with AML who are unlikely to benefit from standard chemotherapy.

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  • (PMID = 27961427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Villano JL, Letarte N, Yu JM, Shakir AR, Bressler L: Hematologic adverse events associated with temozolomide (TMZ). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):2053

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 2053 Background: Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is reported to occur in 3%-10% of patients treated with alkylating agents for Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, and multiple myeloma.
  • The incidence of secondary AML is greatest at 5-10 years after treatment, and AML often follows myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
  • Among these patients, we identified 140 cases that we labeled as major hematologic adverse events: agranulocytosis (8 cases), aplasia (42), aplastic anemia (52), leukemia (26), MDS (6), and lymphoma (6).
  • Risk of leukemia/MDS from our review may also be significant, but length of follow-up is insufficient and the real risk is likely still unknown.

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  • (PMID = 27964671.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Batty G, Kantarjian H, Issa JJ, Garcia-Manero G, Pierce S, O'Brien S, Jabbour E, Cortes J, Ravandi F: Feasibility of hypomethylating therapy in patients with renal insufficiency. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7089

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We investigated the outcomes of pts with RI and MDS, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving therapy with HA.
  • We used the International Working Group criteria to evaluate the response rates.
  • RESULTS: Forty-two pts with sCr ≥ 1.5 mg/dL (including 17 with MDS, 16 with AML, and 9 with CMML) were treated with DAC or 5AZA alone or in combination with other agents (primarily histone deacetylase inhibitors).
  • The incidence of complications, DA, and the response rate were not significantly different for pts with sCr > 2.0 mg/dL.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The use of HA is well tolerated in pts with MDS and AML and RI who achieved comparable OR rates to those without RI.

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  • (PMID = 27961273.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Erba HP, Kantarjian HM, Claxton DF, Arellano M, Lyons RM, Kovacsovics TJ, Gabrilove J, Eckert S, Faderl S: Updated remission duration and survival results of single-agent clofarabine in previously untreated older adult patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) unlikely to benefit from standard induction chemotherapy due to unfavorable baseline risk factor(s). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7062

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Updated remission duration and survival results of single-agent clofarabine in previously untreated older adult patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) unlikely to benefit from standard induction chemotherapy due to unfavorable baseline risk factor(s).
  • We now report updated duration of remission (DOR), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS).
  • METHODS: Single arm, multi-center, phase II, open-label, 2-stage study of patients with untreated AML, ≥60 years old, and at least one adverse prognostic factor: age ≥70 years, antecedent hematologic disorder (AHD), PS = 2, and/or intermediate/unfavorable risk karyotype.
  • Clofarabine (CLO) administered days 1-5 at 30 mg/m<sup>2</sup> during induction and 20 mg/m<sup>2</sup> during re-induction/consolidation for maximum 6 cycles.
  • Median DOR (censored at alternative therapy) for CR/CRp was 56 weeks (95% CI, 33 weeks - not yet estimable [n/e]) and for CR 65 weeks (95% CI, 41 weeks - n/e).
  • Median DFS (not censored at alternative therapy) for CR/CRp was 34 weeks (95% CI, 24 - 65 weeks).
  • CONCLUSIONS: These data expand on the previously reported efficacy and safety data of single agent CLO in adult AML.
  • These results suggest that single agent CLO is an effective and tolerable treatment option for older adult patients with untreated AML and 1 or more unfavorable baseline prognostic factor(s).

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  • (PMID = 27961436.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Stuart RK, Stockerl-Goldstein K, Cooper M, Devetten M, Herzig R, Medeiros B, Schiller G, Wei A, Acton G, Rizzieri D: Randomized phase II trial of the nucleolin targeting aptamer AS1411 combined with high-dose cytarabine in relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7019

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Randomized phase II trial of the nucleolin targeting aptamer AS1411 combined with high-dose cytarabine in relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • AS1411 has synergistic effects in combination with cytarabine on AML cell lines in vitro and in vivo.
  • METHODS: This open-label randomized phase II trial compared AS1411 plus high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) with HiDAC alone in patients with primary refractory or relapsed AML who had received up to 3 previous lines of chemotherapy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Data from this first phase II trial of an aptamer in oncology are encouraging.
  • The combination of AS1411 at 10 or 40 mg/kg/day with HiDAC appears well tolerated and shows promising signs of activity in patients with relapsed/refractory AML.

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  • (PMID = 27961391.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Lancet JE, Karp J, Cripe L, Roboz G, Wollman M, Berman C, Conroy A, Hawtin R, Fox J, Michelson G: Phase Ib/II pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) study of combination voreloxin and cytarabine in relapsed or refractory AML patients. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7005

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase Ib/II pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) study of combination voreloxin and cytarabine in relapsed or refractory AML patients.
  • Clinical activity is observed in ovarian cancer and AML.
  • Interim results from a phase Ib/II study in relapsed or refractory AML are reported.
  • METHODS: Dose-escalation in relapsed/refractory AML patients (pts) with ≤ 3 prior induction regimens; phase II expansion in first-relapse pts (CR1 ≥ 3 months) at MTD.

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  • (PMID = 27961377.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Schwind S, Marcucci G, Maharry K, Radmacher MD, Whitman SP, Paschka P, Mrózek K, Kolitz JE, Larson RA, Bloomfield CD, Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB): MicroRNA 181a (miR-181a) expression as a prognosticator in cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7001

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] MicroRNA 181a (miR-181a) expression as a prognosticator in cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN AML).
  • : 7001 Background: We showed recently that CEBPA mutations (mut) in CN AML are associated with better outcome and a unique microRNA expression profile, including miR-181a upregulation.
  • METHODS: We analyzed 187 de novo CN AML adult patients (pts) aged <60 years (y; median 45) similarly treated on CALGB 9621 and 19808.
  • Of these, 122 had molecular high risk [FLT3-ITD or NPM1 wild type (wt)] and 65 low risk (no FLT3-ITD, NPM1 mut) CN AML.
  • The mean of 2 miR-181a probe log intensities was used as a continuous variable for analyses.
  • RESULTS: Higher miR-181a levels (miR-181a↑) were associated with CEBPA mut, NPM1 wt, no FLT3-TKD, lower ERG expression, higher %FAB M1/M2, lower WBC and age, higher blood blasts, and lower % gum hypertrophy. miR-181a↑ tended to associate with more complete remissions (CRs; p = .07) and significantly associated with longer disease-free (DFS; p = .05) and overall (OS; p = .01) survival (median follow-up 6.5 y for pts alive).
  • CONCLUSIONS: miR-181a expression is a prognostic marker in CN AML, mainly in the molecular high risk group, where it predicts outcome independently of other variables including CEBPA mutations.
  • As miR-181a↑ confer better treatment response, novel approaches increasing miR-181a levels might benefit not only CN but also other AML pts.

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  • (PMID = 27961373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Barret J, Dumontet C, Annereau J, Brel V, Breillout F, Guminski Y, Imbert T, Guilbaud N, Bailly C: A functional procedure using fresh samples to select patients with acute myeloid leukemia prior to treatment with the novel targeted cytotoxic agent F14512. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):11087

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A functional procedure using fresh samples to select patients with acute myeloid leukemia prior to treatment with the novel targeted cytotoxic agent F14512.
  • This system can be viewed as a suitable molecular gate to deliver selectively polyamine-based molecules into cancer cells.
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the potential of N-methyl-spermine-NBD, a proprietary fluorescent polyamine conjugate, designed to select patients with PTS-positive leukemic cells.
  • METHODS: The uptake of this probe was first measured by flow cytometry in a panel of human leukemia cell lines.
  • RESULTS: Data showed that high level of fluorescence was detected in F14512 -sensitive cancer cell lines whereas leukemia cells responding poorly to F14512 generally exhibited very low levels of PTS.
  • A panel of 50 fresh human acute myeloid leukemia samples showed a larger inter-individual variation and, interestingly, incorporation of the fluorescent probe was generally higher in leukemia blasts than in lymphocytes.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The data show that the PTS can easily be evaluated in fresh AML blasts and provides a simple means to identify patients for future enrollment in clinical trials with F14512.

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  • (PMID = 27963178.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Popat UR, Saliba R, Hosing C, Khouri I, Alousi AM, Giralt SA, de Lima MJ, Qazilbash MH, Champlin R, Anderlini P: Age at diagnosis does not adversely affect outcome in patients with Hodgkin's Disease (HD) after autologous transplantation. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e19507

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Age at diagnosis does not adversely affect outcome in patients with Hodgkin's Disease (HD) after autologous transplantation.
  • : e19507 Background: Age at diagnosis is a poor prognostic factor for overall survival after standard therapy for HD.
  • Whether older age is a prognostic factor for outcome after autologous transplantation is not known.
  • We sought to evaluate the effect of older age at diagnosis on transplant outcome.
  • Seventy two patients (29%) were older than 40 years of age at the time of initial diagnosis.
  • At transplantation, 63 (25%) were in complete remission (CR); 148 (60%) were in partial remission (PR); and 37 (15%) had stable (SD) or progressive disease (PD).
  • Peripheral blood stem cells were used as stem cell source in 241 (97%) patients.
  • The cumulative incidence of non-relapse mortality at 1 year was 1.6%.
  • The cumulative incidence of secondary MDS or AML was 8%.
  • In univariate analysis, disease status (p<0.001) and number of prior chemotherapy regimens (p=0.007) were the only factors significantly predicting OS.
  • Disease status was the only factor significant (p<0.01) in a multivariate analysis with a hazard ratio of 2.7 (1.1-6.9) and 9.2 (3.4-25) for patients in PR, and SD/PD respectively (CR reference group).
  • Age at diagnosis was not a significant factor (see table ).
  • CONCLUSIONS: High-dose chemotherapy and autologous transplantation abrogate the adverse impact of age at diagnosis in patients with HD.

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  • (PMID = 27960864.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Kunivayalil S, Jain A, Satheesh C, Tejinder S, Lakshmaiah K, Suresh TM, Lokanatha D, Babu G: A comparative study of single-dose pegfilgrastim versus daily filgrastim in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18005

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A comparative study of single-dose pegfilgrastim versus daily filgrastim in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • It can be used during induction and consolidation chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Few studies addressed the use of pegylated filgrasim in AML.
  • Safety profile and complete remission status did not differ between the two groups.

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  • (PMID = 27964003.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Becker H, Marcucci G, Maharry K, Margeson D, Radmacher MD, Whitman SP, Mrózek K, Baer MR, Larson RA, Bloomfield CD, for Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB): NPM1 mutations as an independent prognosticator for older cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7000

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] NPM1 mutations as an independent prognosticator for older cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN AML).
  • : 7000 Background: In younger CN AML without FLT3-ITD, NPM1 mutations predict favorable outcome.
  • METHODS: Pretreatment marrow was studied in 189 older CN AML pts [median age 69 y (60 - 83 y); 162 de novo & 27 secondary (s; prior hematologic disorders) cases] enrolled on CALGB 9720 (n=106) & 10201 (n=83).
  • RESULTS: In de novo CN AML, NPM1 mutated (NPM1mut) pts (54%) had more CRs (85% v 45%, P<.0001) & longer relapse-free (RFS) (P=.02; 3 y rates 23% v 10%) & overall survival (OS) (P<.0001; 3 y 34% v 7%) than NPM1 wild-type (NPM1wt) pts.
  • CONCLUSIONS: NPM1 mutations independently predict better outcome in older CN AML.

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  • (PMID = 27963957.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Hirte HW, McGuire W, Edwards R, Husain A, Hoskins P, Michels J, Matulonis U, Sexton C, Michelson G: A phase II trial of voreloxin in women with platinum-resistant ovarian cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):5559

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Clinical activity has been observed in ovarian cancer and AML.
  • METHODS: Pts may have received ≤ 3 prior platinum regimens plus one additional non-platinum regimen.

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  • (PMID = 27962535.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Ayan I, Kebudi R, Ozger H, Yaman Agaoglu F, Gorgun O, Bilgic B, Eralp L, Dizdar Y, Darendeliler E: Childhood osteosarcoma: Evaluation of 94 cases. A single institution study. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10040

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Between January 1990 and December 2006, 94 children (53 male, 41 female) with a median age of 13 (5-16) years and a histopathologic diagnosis of osteosarcoma were treated with an institutional chemotherapy regimen comprising of 6 courses (3 pre-, 3 postoperatively) of epirubicin (90 mg/m2), cisplatin(100 mg/m2), and ifosfamide(2 g/m2 × 3 days) every 3 weeks.
  • 26 patients died; 20 of disease, 5 of toxicity, and 1 of second malignancy (acute myeloid leukemia).
  • 5 and 10 year EFS for nonmetastatic patients was superior to those with metastatic disease [62.4 % (95% CI 49.9-79.9 %) vs. 6.9 % (95% CI 0-19.9 %)) (p<0.001).
  • 10 year OS for 18 patients (11 metastatic at diagnosis) who progressed during preoperative chemotherapy was 13 % vs. 75 % for those who didnot have progressive disease (p< 0.001).
  • Histologic response (<90 percent necrosis vs ≥90 percent) significantly correlated with 5 year EFS (31 % vs 67.6 %, p=0.023) but not with OS (57.7 % vs 76.5 %, p=0.13).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The presence of metastases at diagnosis was the most significant characteristic influencing outcome.

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  • (PMID = 27962466.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Plunkett W, Thomas DA, O'Brien SM, Federl S, Giles FJ, Nicol SJ, Gill J, Zhao L, Ravandi F, Kantarjian H: Phase I study of pemetrexed in patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia or lymphoid blast phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7068

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase I study of pemetrexed in patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia or lymphoid blast phase chronic myelogenous leukemia.
  • The purpose of this phase I trial was to define the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of pemetrexed given with vitamin supplementation to patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia.
  • METHODS: Patients ≥15 years of age were enrolled with relapsed or refractory leukemia, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤2, adequate renal and hepatic function, and life expectancy of ≥6 weeks.
  • RESULTS: Twenty-two patients entered the trial; median age was 50 years (range: 18-75); 15 patients had acute myeloid leukemia and 7 patients had acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
  • Two patients were ineligible and did not receive study drug.
  • At the 1,200 and 1,500 mg/m<sup>2</sup> dose levels, 1 patient per level developed grade (G) 3-4 liver enzyme and bilirubin elevations attributed to sepsis.
  • At the 3,600 mg/m<sup>2</sup> dose level, 1 patient had a G3 liver enzyme elevation and 2 added patients also had G3 liver toxicity.
  • In addition, 2 patients in the 3,600 mg/m<sup>2</sup> cohort developed G2 liver abnormalities.
  • Based on liver toxicities, the DLT dose level was established at 3,600 mg/m<sup>2</sup>.
  • Two patients died during the study due to disease progression and 1 patient discontinued due to a subdural hematoma of unknown cause.
  • PK and PD data were not available for this report.

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  • (PMID = 27961463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Ding W, Knox TR, Smoley SA, Van Dyke DL, Kay NE: Cytogenetic abnormalities in mesenchymal stem cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and normal subjects. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e22002

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytogenetic abnormalities in mesenchymal stem cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and normal subjects.
  • : e22002 Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) residing in the marrow support hematopoiesis and protect cancer cells from undergoing cell death induced by chemotherapy.
  • Recent reports have described clonal cytogenetic abnormalities in the MSC of acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome patients.
  • After 3-4 non-stimulated cell culture passages, the karyotype was analyzed in 5-40 metaphase cells from each subject Abnormalities were considered clonal using the accepted convention of the same chromosomal gain or rearrangement in 2 or more cells or loss in at least 3 cells.

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  • (PMID = 27963169.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. Iliopoulou EG, Kountourakis P, Karamouzis MV, Doufexis D, Ardavanis A, Baxevanis CN, Rigatos G, Papamichail M, Perez SA: A phase I trial of adoptive transfer of allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells in patients (pts) with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3001

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase I trial of adoptive transfer of allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells in patients (pts) with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
  • : 3001 Background: HLA-mismatched NK cells have been found effective in acute myeloid leukemia pts.
  • RESULTS: Between 11/2007 and 11/2008 16 pts (performance status 0-1) were enrolled; 1 pt had rapid disease progression before treatment.
  • Pts characteristics: M/F 12/4; histology: adenocarcinoma/squamous cell carcinoma 13/3; stage IIIb/IV 2/14; 1<sup>st</sup>/2<sup>nd</sup> line treatment 13/3; median age 64 years (range, 50-71).
  • With a median follow-up of 6 months (range, 1-14) 3 pts with partial response and 7 pts with disease stabilization were recorded.

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  • (PMID = 27962051.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Cárdenas-Blanco A, Olariou E, Cameron I: Poster - Thurs Eve-28: New brain diffusion analysis method: White matter grey matter dissasociation. Med Phys; 2008 Jul;35(7Part2):3406

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The significance of the present diffusion decay study lies in the combination of three novel procedures to provide a better characterization of the diffusion decay: i) the acquisition of a large number of b-values (96 b-values up to 10,000 s/mm<sup>2</sup> ), ii) the application of a noise correction technique (3) to the acquired data, and iii) the use of a Non Negative Least Squares (NNLS) fitting algorithm to evaluate the diffusion coefficients.
  • The NNLS algorithm is used to fit the corrected data instead of the more commonly used Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm since the NNLS algorithm does not require the number of components to be specified, nor does it need initial estimates of the fitting parameters as input; thus giving it more versatility as a fitting tool for the diffusion decay.

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  • [Copyright] © 2008 American Association of Physicists in Medicine.
  • (PMID = 28512828.001).
  • [ISSN] 2473-4209
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Phys
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Brain / Diffusion / Medical imaging / Medical magnetic resonance imaging / Neural information
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48. Rubnitz J, Inaba H, Ribeiro R, Pounds S, Pui C, Leung W: Pilot study of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10034

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pilot study of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 10034 Background: In the setting of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), donor natural killer (NK) cells exhibit potent anti-leukemic effects without causing graft-versus-host disease.
  • We hypothesized that the transplantation of purified haploidentical NK cells may be a safe and effective form of consolidation therapy that will reduce the risk of relapse among children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are not treated with HSCT.
  • In this pilot study, we assessed the safety, feasibility, and engraftment of NK cell infusions in 10 patients with AML in first remission.
  • RESULTS: The 10 patients had a median age of 2.5 years (range, 8 months to 21 years) and a median leukocyte count of 62 x 10<sup>9</sup>/L (range, 4 to 487) at diagnosis.
  • Leukemic cell genetic abnormalities included CBFβ-MYH11in 4 cases, RBM15-MKL1in 2 cases, MLL-ENL and MLL-AF9 in 1 case each; 2 cases had no detectable abnormalities.
  • All patients had detectable donor NK cells at one or more time points: donor NK cell chimerism ranged from 0% to 30% during the first 4 weeks after the infusions and was greater than 1% in 9 cases at week 1, 4 cases at week 2, 5 cases at week 3, and 3 cases at week 4.
  • One patient had prolonged NK engraftment (189 days), but no non-hematological toxicity.
  • Grade 3-4 non-hematological toxicity was limited to one respiratory viral infection and one episode of febrile neutropenia.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Haploidentical NK cells can be safely administered to AML patients who are in remission.
  • We have recently opened a new trial to evaluate the efficacy of NK cell therapy in children in first remission of AML.

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  • (PMID = 27962581.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Jabbour E, Faderl S, Ravandi F, Konopleva M, Verstovsek S, Cortes J, Wierda W, Newsome WM, Yang H, Kantarjian H, Garcia-Manero G: Phase II study of vorinostat (V) in combination with idarubicin and high-dose cytarabine (IA) as front-line therapy in patients (pts) with high-risk myelodyplsatic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7004

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase II study of vorinostat (V) in combination with idarubicin and high-dose cytarabine (IA) as front-line therapy in patients (pts) with high-risk myelodyplsatic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • : 7004 Background: Standard induction therapy for pts with AML has not changed over the last 2 decades nor has the outcome of these pts.
  • We designed a phase II study of V with IA as front-line therapy for MDS/AML.
  • METHODS: Pts with untreated int-2/high-risk MDS or AML ages 15-65 with adequate liver and renal functions and PS, and EF ≥ 50% were eligible.
  • 3 pts with relapsed/refractory AML were treated in the run-in phase.
  • 8 (47%) had secondary disease.
  • The median PFS has not been reached.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The combination of IA and V is safe and active in AML/MDS.
  • Results will be compared with those of a parallel IA study at MDACC.

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  • (PMID = 27961376.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Pratz KW, Cho E, Karp J, Levis M, Zhao M, Rudek M, Wright J, Smith BD: Phase I dose escalation trial of sorafenib as a single agent for adults with relapsed and refractory acute leukemias. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7065

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase I dose escalation trial of sorafenib as a single agent for adults with relapsed and refractory acute leukemias.
  • Based on preclinical activity in FLT3 mutant AML, sorafenib was studied in refractory acute leukemia.
  • METHODS: The primary objective was to determine the safety and tolerability of sorafenib in refractory acute leukemias.
  • RESULTS: Fifteen patients (13 = AML, 2 = ALL) were enrolled (ages 37-85) and treated on three dosing schedules (400 mg BID x 14 d, 400 mg BID x 21 days, 600 mg BID x 21days) of single agent sorafenib.
  • No patients met criteria for complete or partial response, but 11 of 15 (73%) patients experienced stable disease as best response, with 6 showing a reduction in bone marrow blasts after only one cycle, half of who experienced a >50% reduction in bone marrow blasts.

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  • (PMID = 27961441.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Kadia TM, Faderl S, Estrov Z, Konopleva M, George S, Lee W, Puzanov I, Chen A, Kantarjian H, Ravandi F: Final results of phase I and pharmacokinetic study of SJG-136 administered on a daily x 5 schedule. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e13506

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Here we report the results of a CTEP-sponsored phase I trial of SJG-136 administered on a daily x 5 schedule in pts with relapsed or refractory (R/R) leukemias.
  • METHODS: Previously treated pts with R/R acute leukemias (AML, ALL, high risk MDS, CML blast phase) or R/R CLL with adequate organ function and ECOG performance status of ≤ 2 were eligible for the study.
  • Thirteen (81%) pts had R/R AML, and 3 (19%) had R/R ALL of which 5 (31%) had diploid and 6 (38%) had adverse cytogenetics.
  • Other non-dose limiting toxicities included nausea, dyspnea, fatigue, bloating, and insomnia.
  • One pt had a PR, 8 pts had stable disease, and 6 had progression.
  • CONCLUSIONS: SJG-136 is safe and active in patients with advanced leukemias.

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  • (PMID = 27961262.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Fauzdar A, Mahajan A, Jain D, Mishra M, Raina V: Amplification of RUNX1 gene in two new cases of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A case report. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e21000

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Amplification of RUNX1 gene in two new cases of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A case report.
  • : e21000 Background: Chromosome abnormalities of leukemia cells have important prognostic significance in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) ETV6/RUNX1 (alias TEL/AML1) is most frequent i.e.
  • We report two new cases with Pre B- cell ALL without ETV6/RUNX1 rearrangement, showing amplification of AML1 gene detected by FISH analysis.
  • RESULTS: In first case a 3-year girl with four copies of AML (RUNX1) gene were observed in 95% of the cell with normal two copies of TEL (ETV6) gene in both interphase and metaphase FISH.
  • In second case, a 4-year male we observed four copies of AML and two copies of TEL gene in more than 80% of cells.

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  • (PMID = 27960689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Spadaro P, Ingemi M, Pitini V, Arrigo C, Soto Parra H: Myelodysplastic syndromes developing after imatinib therapy for GIST. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10532

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: Between January 2007 and December 2008, bone marrow samples for morphologic analysis, FISH and classical cytogenetics were obtained from 49 pts. (30 male; 19 female, mean age 62) with unresectable or metastatic GIST before and during treatment with 400 mg/d of imatinib.
  • For pts. with progressive disease (15 pts.) or exon 9 mutant disease (5 pts.
  • All pathologic material was reviewed to identify pts. with MDS or AML according to the WHO classification.
  • One patient developed a RAEB-1 with monosomy 7 which rapidly transformed into AML.

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  • (PMID = 27963910.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Ghavamzadeh A, Hashemi S, Alimoghaddam K, Nasri Moghaddam Z, Shadpour M, Jalili M: Phase II trial of old age acute myeloid leukemia treatment by arsenic trioxide and low-dose subcutaneous cytosin arabinoside. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7075

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase II trial of old age acute myeloid leukemia treatment by arsenic trioxide and low-dose subcutaneous cytosin arabinoside.
  • : 7075 Background: AML is a disease of old age, but unfortunately due to several factors standard treatment can not be delivered to these patients.
  • Patients couldn't tolerate standard treatment of AML due to old age or comorbid disorders.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although prognosis of old age AML remain poor, but with this type of treatment RR is acceptable.
  • In this very high-risk group of very old AML, combination of ATO and ARA-C possibly could improve survival.

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  • (PMID = 27961458.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Choi HW, Shin MG, Sawyer JR, Cho D, Kee SJ, Baek HJ, Kook H, Kim HJ, Shin JH, Suh SP, Hwang TJ, Ryang DW: Unusual type of TLS/FUS-ERG chimeric transcript in a pediatric acute myelocytic leukemia with 47,XX,+10,t(16;21)(p11;q22). Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2006 Jun;167(2):172-6
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unusual type of TLS/FUS-ERG chimeric transcript in a pediatric acute myelocytic leukemia with 47,XX,+10,t(16;21)(p11;q22).
  • We report on a case of pediatric acute myelocytic leukemia showing 47,XX,+10,t(16;21)(p11;q22) that resulted in an unusual TLS/FUS-ERG chimeric transcript.
  • The leukemic cells showed erythrophagocytosis, positive reactions for myeloperoxidase and Sudan black B stains, and negative reactions for periodic acid-Schiff and alpha-naphtyl butyrate esterase stains as well as expression of myeloid antigens.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. RNA-Binding Protein FUS / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 16737920.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / RNA-Binding Protein FUS; 0 / TLS-ERG fusion protein, human
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56. McKenzie SB: Advances in understanding the biology and genetics of acute myelocytic leukemia. Clin Lab Sci; 2005;18(1):28-37
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Advances in understanding the biology and genetics of acute myelocytic leukemia.
  • Acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) is a malignant neoplasm of hematopoietic cells characterized by an abnormal proliferation of myeloid precursor cells, decreased rate of self-destruction and an arrest in cellular differentiation.
  • As the immature cells accumulate in the bone marrow, they replace the normal myelocytic cells, megakaryocytes, and erythrocytic cells.
  • The incidence of AML increases with age, peaking in the sixth decade of life.
  • In the United States, there are about 10,000 new cases of AML and 7,000 deaths in those with an AML diagnosis per year.
  • Current molecular studies of AML demonstrate that it is a heterogeneous disorder of the myeloid cell lineage.
  • This paper will discuss the most recent understanding and research of the cellular origin of AML and associated common genetic mutations that fuel the neoplastic process.
  • Also discussed are how these advances have impacted the classification, selection of therapy, and definition of complete remission in AML.
  • Promyelocytic leukemia will be discussed in detail as this AML subtype reveals how our understanding of the biology and genetics of the disease has led to targeted therapy that results in a cure in up to 80% of patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Cytogenetics. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / etiology. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / genetics. Molecular Biology. Mutation. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Remission Induction. Translocation, Genetic

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  • [ErratumIn] Clin Lab Sci. 2005 Summer;18(3):149
  • (PMID = 15747784.001).
  • [ISSN] 0894-959X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical laboratory science : journal of the American Society for Medical Technology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Lab Sci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor alpha fusion oncoprotein
  • [Number-of-references] 49
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57. Gorin NC, Labopin M, Frassoni F, Milpied N, Attal M, Blaise D, Meloni G, Iori AP, Michallet M, Willemze R, Deconninck E, Harousseau JL, Polge E, Rocha V: Identical outcome after autologous or allogeneic genoidentical hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation in first remission of acute myelocytic leukemia carrying inversion 16 or t(8;21): a retrospective study from the European Cooperative Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Jul 1;26(19):3183-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Identical outcome after autologous or allogeneic genoidentical hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation in first remission of acute myelocytic leukemia carrying inversion 16 or t(8;21): a retrospective study from the European Cooperative Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
  • PURPOSE: Patients with acute myelocytic leukemia carrying inversion 16 (inv16) or t(8;21) have a better initial response to high-dose cytarabine than patients without these chromosomal abnormalities.
  • They presently do not undergo transplantation in first remission (CR1), but there is concern about late relapses.
  • RESULTS: In patients with inv16, after allogeneic and autologous transplantation, the 5-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) rates were 59% and 66% (P = .5), the relapse incidence (RI) rates were 27% and 32% (P = .45), and the transplantation-related mortality (TRM) rates were 14% and 2% (P = .003), respectively.
  • Younger age and a lower WBC count at diagnosis were associated with a lower TRM and a better LFS.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18506024.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Weight is a risk factor for treatment mortality in AML. Nurs Stand; 2005 Feb 16;19(23):10

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Weight is a risk factor for treatment mortality in AML.
  • Underweight or overweight children with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) are more likely to succumb to treatment-related complications than their normal weight counterparts.

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  • (PMID = 28091019.001).
  • [ISSN] 2047-9018
  • [Journal-full-title] Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nurs Stand
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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59. Bello CM, Yu D, Zhu W, Wetzstein GA, Lancet JE: Outcomes following induction chemotherapy in patients with AML arising from MDS: Analysis of prognostic factors. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7088

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Outcomes following induction chemotherapy in patients with AML arising from MDS: Analysis of prognostic factors.
  • : 7088 Background: Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) arising from myelodysplasia (MDS) or a myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) has a poor prognosis.
  • METHODS: Retrospective chart review of patients with untreated AML from MDS/MPN treated with standard induction therapy from January 2004 to September 2008.
  • Multivariable analysis indicated that the same three factors were significantly negatively associated with CR/CRp as well as OS: PR cytogenetics, prior treatment with DM/L, and long transformation to AML on log scale.
  • Only 32% of the group that received prior treatment with a DM/L achieved CR/CRp compared to 78% in non DM/L-treated patients (OR = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.04-0.42).
  • The median OS for those treated with a DM/L was 3.7 mo compared to 10.5 mo for non DM/L-treated patients (p < 0.0001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Prior MDS treatment with a DM/L, PR cytogenetics and long transformation to AML are independent negative prognostic factors for response and OS in patients with sAML following induction therapy, suggesting that such patients may be better served by novel approaches, and that stratification for these risk factors should be considered in future clinical trials.

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  • (PMID = 27961482.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Song JH, Choi CH, Yeom HJ, Hwang SY, Kim TS: Monitoring the gene expression profiles of doxorubicin-resistant acute myelocytic leukemia cells by DNA microarray analysis. Life Sci; 2006 Jun 6;79(2):193-202
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Monitoring the gene expression profiles of doxorubicin-resistant acute myelocytic leukemia cells by DNA microarray analysis.
  • In order to investigate the genes involved in drug resistance, a human leukemia cell line that is resistant to doxorubicin, an anthracycline anticancer agent (AML-2/DX100), was selected and its gene expression profile was analyzed using a cDNA microarray.
  • A number of genes were differentially expressed in the AML-2/DX100 cells, compared with the wild type (AML-2/WT).
  • Pro-apoptotic genes such as TNFSF7 and p21 (Cip1/Waf1) were significantly down-regulated, whereas the IKBKB, PCNA, stathmin 1, MCM5, MMP-2 and MRP1 genes, which are involved in anti-apoptotic or cell cycle progression, were over-expressed.
  • The AML-2/DX100 cells were also resistant to other anticancer drugs, including daunorubicin and camptothecin, and the expression levels of the differentially regulated genes such as STMN1, MMP-2 and CTSG, were constantly maintained.
  • This suggests that the deregulated genes obtained from the DNA microarray analysis in a cell line model of drug resistance might contribute to the acquired drug resistance after chronic exposure.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / pharmacology. DNA, Neoplasm / biosynthesis. Doxorubicin / pharmacology. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Cycle / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Survival. DNA, Complementary / biosynthesis. DNA, Complementary / genetics. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Humans. Molecular Sequence Data. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction


61. Gorin NC, Labopin M, Boiron JM, Theorin N, Littlewood T, Slavin S, Greinix H, Cahn JY, Alessandrino EP, Rambaldi A, Nagler A, Polge E, Rocha V, Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Cooperative Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation: Results of genoidentical hemopoietic stem cell transplantation with reduced intensity conditioning for acute myelocytic leukemia: higher doses of stem cells infused benefit patients receiving transplants in second remission or beyond--the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Cooperative Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. J Clin Oncol; 2006 Aug 20;24(24):3959-66
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Results of genoidentical hemopoietic stem cell transplantation with reduced intensity conditioning for acute myelocytic leukemia: higher doses of stem cells infused benefit patients receiving transplants in second remission or beyond--the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Cooperative Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation.
  • PURPOSE: Nucleated cell dose is an important and modifiable factor in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), however its association with outcomes in the context of reduced intensity conditioning regimen (RIC) HSCT for adults with acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) is not known.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1998 to 2003, 253 patients with de novo AML, received transplants with RIC and peripheral blood from a genoidentical donor.
  • The median nucleated and CD34 cell dose infused were 9.1x 10(8)/kg and 5.8x 10(6)/kg, respectively.
  • RESULTS: Overall, 2-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) was 41% +/- 4% and it was 46% +/- 5% for patients receiving a higher cell dose (> 9.1x 10(8)/kg) and 37% +/- 5% for the remainders (P = .03).
  • Higher cell doses exclusively benefited patients who received transplantations in CR2 or beyond, with LFS of 47 +/- 8 versus 20 +/- 8, with no detectable effect for patients who received transplants in CR1.
  • In a multivariate analysis of the overall patient population, higher nucleated cell dose cells were associated with higher LFS (P = .04), higher incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (P = .01), and there was a trend towards a lower relapse incidence (P = .06).
  • Interestingly, CD34+ cell dose was not associated with any outcomes.
  • CONCLUSION: Nucleated cell dose is an important factor that can be modified to improve results of RIC for patients with AML transplanted later than in CR1.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD34. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / surgery. Transplantation Conditioning / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Disease-Free Survival. Europe. Female. Graft vs Host Disease / etiology. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Multivariate Analysis. Transplantation, Homologous

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Acute Myelocytic Leukemia.
  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Transplantation.
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  • (PMID = 16880451.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34
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62. Pardee TS, Zuber J, Lowe SW: Effects of the Flt3 ITD on response to chemotherapy in a murine model of acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7060

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effects of the Flt3 ITD on response to chemotherapy in a murine model of acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 7060 Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive, genetically heterogeneous malignancy.
  • The Flt3 receptor tyrosine kinase containing an internal tandem duplication (Flt3 ITD) is a common mutation in AML and associated with a poor prognosis; however, its effect on chemotherapy response is currently unknown.
  • METHODS: Murine AML was generated by retroviral transduction of an MLL-ENL fusion protein into fetal liver cells and subsequent transplantation into syngeneic mice.
  • Blasts were harvested from moribund animals and myeloid lineage confirmed by immunophenotyping.
  • In contrast there was no difference in leukemic burden between Ara-C treated, dox treated or control animals in AML without Flt3 ITD (p = 0.2833).
  • These results suggest AML patients with Flt3 ITD may benefit more from high-dose cytarabine regimens then anthracyclines.

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  • (PMID = 27961434.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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63. Goldman S, Coiffier B, Reiter A, Younes A, Cairo MS, International TLS Expert Panel: A medical decision tree for the prophylaxis (P) and treatment (T) of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS): An international TLS consensus panel. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e17575

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A medical decision tree for the prophylaxis (P) and treatment (T) of tumor lysis syndrome (TLS): An international TLS consensus panel.
  • METHODS: We convened an international panel (N = 17) of experts in pediatric and adult hematological malignancies and solid tumors (ST) to develop a medical decision tree for the P and T of TLS based on the risk classification (low, medium, high) and management recommendations of Coiffier et al (J Clin Oncol.
  • 2008) Results: Patients without evidence of LTLS were assigned to either low-risk disease (LRD), medium-risk (MRD), or high-risk (HRD).
  • Risk factors included pathological classification stage, bulk, disease burden (WBC/LDH) and renal impairment/involvement.
  • HRD was assigned to patients with either B-ALL, ALL/AML ≥100K/mm<sup>3</sup>, BL/LL stage III/IV, and/or high LDH, DLBCL/PTCL/MCL/ATL with bulky and elevated LDH and patients with MRD with renal impairment/involvement.
  • MRD consisted of ALL ≤100K/mm<sup>3</sup>, AML 25-100K/mm<sup>3</sup>, BL/LL stage I/II and low LDH, childhood ALCL, DLBCL/PTCL/MCL/ATL non-bulky but elevated LDH, CLL treated with targeted therapy, and LRD with renal impairment/involvement.
  • LRD consisted of ST (except bulky sensitive to cytotoxic therapy [MRD]), CML, MM, HL, other NHL and AML <25K/mm<sup>3</sup>.

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  • (PMID = 27963935.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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64. Dutreix C, Huntsman Labed A, Roesel J, Lanza C, Wang Y: Midostaurin: Review of pharmacokinetics (PK) and PK/pharmacodynamic (PD) relationship in AML/MDS patients. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e14540

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Midostaurin: Review of pharmacokinetics (PK) and PK/pharmacodynamic (PD) relationship in AML/MDS patients.
  • : e14540 Background: Midostaurin is a multi-tyrosine-kinases inhibitor targeting class III tyrosine-protein-kinases, including Fms-like tyrosine kinase-3 (FLT3), involved in hematopoiesis and leukemia.
  • METHODS: The two studies presented here involved patients with wild-type or FLT3-mutated de novo (phase Ib) or relapsed (phase II) AML or MDS.
  • However, evaluation of available bone marrow blast (BM) response data revealed that a much higher midostaurin plasma would be needed for a satisfactory BM response.
  • These results support the ongoing phase III AML study in AML FLT3-mutated patients with midostaurin given in combination with chemotherapy.

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  • (PMID = 27963644.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Singh T, Satheesh C, Ankit J, Sajeevan KV, Appaji L, Arunakumari B, Padma M, Mamatha HS: Use of Port-A-Cath in pediatric cancer patients: Experience from a tertiary cancer center in south India. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e20747

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Disease distribution included ALL(80%), AML(5%), NHL(5%), neuroblastoma (5%) and RMS (5%).

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  • (PMID = 27962033.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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66. Ritchie EK, Roboz G, Hinchcliff K, Curcio T, Scandura J, Feldman E: Phase I trial of laromustine in combination with infusional ara-C in elderly patients over age 60 with newly diagnosed AML or high-grade MDS. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7054

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase I trial of laromustine in combination with infusional ara-C in elderly patients over age 60 with newly diagnosed AML or high-grade MDS.
  • : 7054 Background: Laromustine is a novel sulfonylhydrazine-alkylating agent with activity in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Laromustine in phase I and II trials shows activity in patients with relapsed/refractory leukemia (1) and elderly patients with new AML (2).
  • Based on this data, a phase I study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of combining escalating doses of laromustine with infusional ara-C in AML and MDS patients over 60.
  • METHODS: Laromustine 300 mg/m2 (cohort 1, n = 6), 400 mg/m2 (cohort 2, n = 5) and 500 mg/m2 (cohort 3) was administered by IV infusion over 1 hour on day 1 in combination with ara-C 100 mg/m2/day as a continuous infusion for 7 days.
  • Patients achieving CR after induction therapy were offered up to 2 cycles of consolidation therapy for a maximum cumulative laromustine dose of 1,000 mg/m2.

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  • (PMID = 27961420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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67. Qiu H, Xue Y, Zhang J, Pan J, Dai H, Wu Y, Wang Y, Chen S, Wu D: Establishment and characterization of a new human acute myelocytic leukemia cell line SH-2 with a loss of Y chromosome, a derivative chromosome 16 resulting from an unbalanced translocation between chromosomes 16 and 17, monosomy 17, trisomy 19, and p53 alteration. Exp Hematol; 2008 Nov;36(11):1487-95
NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Establishment and characterization of a new human acute myelocytic leukemia cell line SH-2 with a loss of Y chromosome, a derivative chromosome 16 resulting from an unbalanced translocation between chromosomes 16 and 17, monosomy 17, trisomy 19, and p53 alteration.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report here a new acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) cell line SH-2 and describe its biological characteristics.
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mononuclear cells isolated from a patient with AML-M2 subtype were passaged by liquid culture medium.
  • Interleukin-3 and bone marrow stromal cells were used to support cell proliferation at the first 3 months.
  • Various methods, including cytogenetic analysis, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), multiplex FISH (M-FISH), reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), multiplex RT-PCR, short tandem repeat (STR)-PCR, direct sequencing of DNA, clonogenic assay, and tumorigenicity in nude and severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) mice were employed to identify and characterize SH-2 cell line.
  • The SH-2 cell line showed typical myelocytic features in morphology and simultaneous strongly expressed myeloid antigens (CD13, 99.6% and CD33, 99.26%) and natural killer (NK)-related antigens (CD56, 99.5% and CD16/56, 99.62%) suggesting that SH-2 is an AML cell line with NK-antigen expression.
  • SH-2 cell line initially showed a karyotype of 45, X, -Y, der(16)t(16;17)(q24;q12), -17, +19.
  • SH-2 cells had the approximately same morphological, immunophenotypical, and cytogenetic features as the patient's leukemia cells had.
  • STR-PCR provided powerful evidence for the derivation of SH-2 cell line from the patient's leukemia cells.
  • In addition, SH-2 cell line did not express MDR-related genes, such as MDR1, multidrug resistance-related protein, and lung resistance protein, but expressed apoptosis-related genes, such as Bcl-2, Fas, glutathione S-transferase-pi, and p21, which were also related to the MDR.
  • SH-2 cell line had tumorigenic capacities in nude and SCID mice.
  • CONCLUSION: Because SH-2 cell line had a clear biology background, it will provide a useful tool for the study of the pathogenesis and treatment strategy of AML with MDR.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 16. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19. Chromosomes, Human, Y. Genes, p53. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Monosomy. Translocation, Genetic. Trisomy


68. Lannert H, Lenze M, Able T, Park BJ, Lenze A, Meissner S, Eckstein V, Ho AD, Leicht S, Franz T: Changes in phosphorylation and dephosphorylation status of cytoskeleton and their regulator proteins in CD34+ stem cells after G-CSF stimulation and in AML. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e22067

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Changes in phosphorylation and dephosphorylation status of cytoskeleton and their regulator proteins in CD34+ stem cells after G-CSF stimulation and in AML.
  • It is a dynamic structure that maintains cell shape, enables cellular motion.
  • In this study we investigated the expression of cytoskeleton proteins in native hematopoietic CD34+ stem cells from BM in comparison to mobilized peripheral blood stem cells (mPBSCs) from G-CSF stimulated donors as well as CD34+ cells from AML.
  • METHODS: An Auto-MACS (Miltenyi) and FACS Vantage SE cell sorter (Becton Dickinson) was used to process high enriched (>99%) CD34+ cells fractions from MNCs.
  • Stathmin is overexpressed in G-CSF mobilized hematopoietic stem cells and in AML in his active 'dephosphorylated' form.
  • Our results show, that mobilized stem cells "in vivo" and AML cells increase cytoskeleton proteins expression and cause a complex phosphorylation status, which may explain the regulation of migration and metastasis.

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  • (PMID = 27963210.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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69. Hollmig K, Waheed S, Nair B, Haessler J, Petty N, Pineda-Roman M, Alsayed Y, van Rhee F, Crowley J, Barlogie B: MDS-associated cytogenetic abnormalities (MDS-CA) after total therapy (TT) regimens for newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM): Apparent surge after introduction of post-transplant consolidation chemotherapy (CONS) in TT2 and TT3. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):8595

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite reduced induction chemotherapy prior to and CONS after tandem melphalan (200mg/m2)-based autotransplants from 4 in TT2 to 2 in TT3, overall and persistent MDS-CA increased significantly in TT3.
  • Clinical MDS and AML were rarely observed and a full account of hematopathologic findings will be presented.

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  • (PMID = 27962291.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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70. Cheng PC, Crane J, Hunter T: Combination of bortezomib with a FLT3 inhibitor potentiates inhibition of proliferation and apoptosis of AML in vitro. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e14551

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Combination of bortezomib with a FLT3 inhibitor potentiates inhibition of proliferation and apoptosis of AML in vitro.
  • : e14551 Background: FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinase activating mutations contribute to leukemogenesis and poor prognosis in approximately 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • METHODS: In the course of conducting a synthetic lethality screen with a FLT3 inhibitor on the Ba/F3 murine cell line stably expressing human FLT3 or FLT3-ITD, we identified bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, as having potent activity against FLT3-ITD cells.
  • The effects of drugs on proliferation, apoptosis, and phosphosignaling were quantified in Ba/F3 cells and in the HL60 (WT FLT3) and MV4-11 (FLT3-ITD) human cell lines, using an MTS- based colorimetric assay, caspase 3 and 7 activity assays, and immunoblotting, respectively.
  • When the FLT3 inhibitor and bortezomib were used at IC25 concentrations, a more pronounced inhibition of cell proliferation was observed when they were used in combination than with either alone.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Bortezomib preferentially kills FLT3- ITD cells, showing a four-fold more potent inhibition of cell proliferation, induces apoptosis, and abrogates activation of FLT3 and its downstream effector pathways.

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  • (PMID = 27963616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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71. Ghavamzadeh A, Allahyari A, Alimoghaddam K, Karimi A, Shamshiri A, Abolhasani R, Manookian A, Asadi M, Khatami F: Outpatient versus inpatient autologous stem cell transplantation for malignant hematologic disorders. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7042

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Outpatient versus inpatient autologous stem cell transplantation for malignant hematologic disorders.
  • : 7042 Background: High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell support is utilized for the treatment of a variety of malignancies including Hodgkin/non-Hodgkins lymphoma and acute leukemias.
  • The aim of this study was to compare the time of engraftment and mortality rate and cost of neutropenic treatment in outpatient versus inpatient autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT).
  • METHODS: 9 outpatients (5 HL, 2 NHL, and 2 AML) were compared with 32 inpatients (15 HL, 8 NHL, and 9 AML; for whom the outpatient facilities were not ready) from May 2008 to December 2008.
  • They received conditioning regimen (CEAM for NHL and HL, busulfan and etoposide for AML) and stem cell infusion in hospital.
  • The day after SCT, outpatient group were discharged and followed by outpatient SCT team, and to be re-hospitalized in case of febrile neutropenia, after sepsis workup and performing chest x-ray, they were received the first dose of antibiotic in hospital and treatment continued in home.

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  • (PMID = 27961405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Rangarajan B, Prabhash K, Nair R, Menon H, Jain P, Kannan S, Jeevangi NK, Bagal B, Parikh PM, Kurkure PA: Rater. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e20678

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of hematolymphoid malignancy, neutropenic febrile episode secondary to chemotherapy or during induction therapy of acute leukemia and more than 18 years of age All patients were risk stratified, hospitalized and treated with broad-spectrum, empiric, intravenous antibiotic therapy until recovery or outcome of the event.
  • We subsequently analyzed the subset of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) patients as they were the majority comprising of 62/81 episodes.
  • The subset of AML patients risk stratified according to MASCC risk index showed sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of 71%, 25.5%, 11%, 87.5%, 31% respectively.
  • This trend is also seen in the subset analysis of AML patients.

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  • (PMID = 27961676.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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73. Tsai DE, Wang W, Reshef R, Vogl D, Stadtmauer E, Andreadis C, Carlson A, Luger S: Effect of bexarotene on platelet counts in patients undergoing cancer treatment: An analysis of clinical trials in lung cancer and leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e20533

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of bexarotene on platelet counts in patients undergoing cancer treatment: An analysis of clinical trials in lung cancer and leukemia.
  • : e20533 Background: Bexarotene (Bex) is an oral retinoid X receptor agonist with activity against cutaneous T cell lymphoma and currently under investigation for other malignancies.
  • In patients receiving this agent for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we noted increases in platelet counts.
  • METHODS: We analyzed platelet count data from 3 Bex clinical trials encompassing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and AML.
  • Similar findings were seen in a phase I monotherapy trial in AML where 5/18 (28%) patients achieved platelet transfusion independence with peak platelet counts of 40-91 K/uL.

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  • (PMID = 27960979.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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74. Pemmaraju N, Kantarjian H, Ravandi F, O'Brien S, Wierda W, Thomas D, Garcia-Manero G, Borthakur G, Pierce S, Cortes J: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adolescents and young adults (AYA): The M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) experience. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7051

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adolescents and young adults (AYA): The M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) experience.
  • : 7051 Background: AML is a heterogeneous group of hematopoietic neoplasms demonstrating clonal proliferation of myeloid precursors and is typically a disease of older adults.
  • Little is known about outcomes of AYA with AML.
  • METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all patients (pts) with AML treated at MDACC from 1965 to 2008.
  • RESULTS: Among 3,934 adult AML pts treated during this period, 163 pts (4%) were AYA with median age of 19 yrs.
  • This cohort included 27 (17%) pts with Core Binding Factor (CBF)-AML [inv(16), t(8:21)] and 19 pts (12%) with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
  • Complete remission (CR) rates were 89% for CBF AML, 79% for APL, and 75% for all other pts.
  • Outcome is better for pts with CBF leukemia (3 yr survival 56%, sustained CR 49%) and APL (3 yr survival 51%, sustained CR 36%) compared to other AML (3 yr survival 28%, sustained CR 24%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The outcome of AYA pts with AML is significantly better than for older adults with AML.
  • Despite the advances in treatments over time, there is still significant room for improvement, particularly among those AYA with AML other than CBF and APL.

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  • (PMID = 27961415.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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75. Fernandez HF, Sun Z, Litzow MR, Luger SM, Paietta EM, Dewald G, Ketterling RP, Rowe JM, Lazarus HM, Tallman MS: A randomized trial of anthracycline dose intensification during induction of younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia: Results of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group study E1900. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7003

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A randomized trial of anthracycline dose intensification during induction of younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia: Results of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group study E1900.
  • : 7003 Background: In younger adults with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML), anthracycline dose intensification during induction may improve complete remission (CR) rates; however, an improvement in overall survival (OS) in a randomized trial has not been demonstrated.
  • METHODS: Adult patients with previously untreated AML were randomized to receive either SDD (45 mg/m<sup>2</sup>/d) or HDD (90 mg/m<sup>2</sup>/d) each for 3days combined with standard-dose cytarabine (100 mg/m<sup>2</sup>/d) for 7 days by continuous intravenous infusion.
  • Those achieving a CR were allocated to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or high-dose cytarabine (with or without a single dose of gemtuzumab ozogamicin) prior to autologous HSCT.
  • There were no differences in patient demographics or disease characteristics between the two groups at presentation.
  • In younger AML patients a higher dose of anthracycline in induction should be considered the new standard of care.

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  • (PMID = 27961375.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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76. Garcia-Manero G, Luger S, Venugopal P, Maness L, Wetzler M, Coutre S, Stock W, Borthakur G, Chiao J, Kantarjian H: A randomized phase II study of sapacitabine, an oral nucleoside analogue, in elderly patients with AML previously untreated or in first relapse or previously treated MDS. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7021

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A randomized phase II study of sapacitabine, an oral nucleoside analogue, in elderly patients with AML previously untreated or in first relapse or previously treated MDS.
  • : 7021 Background: Sapacitabine is a novel nucleoside analogue with a unique ability to cause irreparable single-strand DNA breaks and induce G2 cell cycle arrest.
  • It is orally administered and has demonstrated promising anti-leukemic activity against relapsed or refractory AML and MDS in a phase 1 trial.
  • METHODS: Eligible patients must be ≥70 years with AML previously untreated or in first relapse or ≥60 years with MDS previously treated with hypomethylating agents.
  • The planned sample size is 60 AML patients and 60 MDS patients.
  • RESULTS: As of December 2008, 60 AML and 13 MDS patients were enrolled and had ≥ 30 days of follow-up.
  • Preliminary efficacy data were available for the AML stratum.
  • Eight deaths of all causes occurred within 30 days of randomization and all were in the AML stratum (13%).

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  • (PMID = 27961383.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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77. Chamberlain MC, Raizer J: Extended exposure to alkylator chemotherapy: Delayed appearance of myelodysplasia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e13030

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: A case series of gliomas treated with alkylator-based chemotherapy who subsequently developed myelodysplastic syndrome (tMDS) or acute myelocytic leukemia (AML).
  • The diagnosis of tMDS was determined by bone marrow biopsy in seven patients.
  • Three patients were diagnosed with AML as well (in two determined by bone marrow and one at autopsy).
  • Interval from last chemotherapy exposure to diagnosis of tMDS/AML ranged from 3 months to 31 months (median 24 months).
  • Five patients have died, two as a consequence of recurrent brain tumor, one as a complication of transplantation, and due due to AML.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although rare, induction of tMDS/AML following extended use of alkylator-based chemotherapy may become more relevant with the evolving practice to treat gliomas for protracted periods.

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  • (PMID = 27962878.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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78. Fan JJ, Chai YH, He HL: [Clinical analysis of 201 cases of childhood acute myelocytic leukemia]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Nov;45(11):873-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Clinical analysis of 201 cases of childhood acute myelocytic leukemia].
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 18282430.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1310
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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79. Laille E, Ward R, Nasser A, Stoltz M, Cogle C, Gore S, Skikne BS, Garcia-Manero G: The pharmacokinetics of azacitidine following subcutaneous treatment in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7087

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The pharmacokinetics of azacitidine following subcutaneous treatment in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
  • : 7087 Background: 5-azacitidine (AZA), through its effects on DNA metabolism, gene expression, and cell differentiation, has proven beneficial in treatment of MDS and AML and AZA therapy significantly increases survival in higher-risk MDS and AML compared to conventional care.
  • Few studies have evaluated the pharmacokinetics (PK) of AZA and the renal elimination of AZA has not been previously published to our knowledge.
  • METHODS: Adult patients with MDS or AML and ECOG status 0-2 were treated with 7 consecutive daily SC doses of 75 mg/m<sup>2</sup> AZA during their first treatment cycle.

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  • (PMID = 27961481.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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80. Sampat KR, Garcia-Gutierrez V, Rossi A, Pierce S, Cortes J, Kantarjian H, Garcia-Manero G: Prevalence and therapeutic relationships of pericardial effusions in patients with leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7067

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prevalence and therapeutic relationships of pericardial effusions in patients with leukemia.
  • : 7067 Background: Little is known regarding the prevalence and natural history of pericardial disease in patients with leukemia.
  • Although a direct causal relationship has not been established yet, this complication may have a significant impact for the future development of this class of drugs.
  • To study this issue, we retrospectively analyzed a large cohort of patients with leukemia, who were evaluated at MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), to determine the prevalence, timing, and characteristics of PEf in leukemia.
  • METHODS: We reviewed 3,327 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML, N = 1,809, 54%), acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL, N = 494, 15%), or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS, N =1,024, 31%), who were seen at MDACC from August 2003 to July 2008.
  • Data regarding diagnosis, timing, effusion size, and prior therapy was collected in the 401 patients (20.2%) that had echocardiographic evidence of PEf.
  • RESULTS: The overall prevalence of PEf was 21.7%, 21.1%, and 19.9% (p = 0.72) in patients with AML, ALL, and MDS, respectively.
  • In the 401 total patients with PEf, 22.8%, 25.0%, and 18.4% (p = 0.33) of these effusions were found before treatment in the three disease categories, respectively.
  • The rest occurred after some form of chemotherapy, accounting for 77.2%, 75.0%, and 81.6% (p = 0.73) of the total PEf by disease, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: PEf are relatively common in patients with leukemia at initial presentation and are usually asymptomatic.
  • Their incidence increases with therapy administration although it appears that this is not a process related to specific classes of treatment or type of leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 27961462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. Huang XJ: [Characteristics and treatment of older adults with acute myelocytic leukemia]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi; 2008 Oct;28(10):873-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Characteristics and treatment of older adults with acute myelocytic leukemia].

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  • (PMID = 19123318.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-5370
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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82. Gupta N, Diderichsen PM, Steinberg J, Ricker JL, Humerickhouse R, Awni W, Pradhan R: Population pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis of ABT-869 in solid tumors and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3567

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Population pharmacokinetic (PK) analysis of ABT-869 in solid tumors and acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients.
  • The objectives of this analysis were to understand the population pharmacokinetics of ABT-869 and explore the effect of several demographic/disease state covariates influencing ABT-869 disposition.
  • METHODS: A population PK analysis of 181 patients (pts) enrolled in two phase 1 (multiple types of solid tumors and AML) and three phase 2 monotherapy studies (non-small cell lung cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC] and renal cell carcinoma) was conducted.
  • Available plasma concentrations obtained after intensive and sparse pre-dose PK sampling were analyzed by population PK using the non linear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM) approach.
  • Potential covariates including body weight, body surface area (BSA), age, sex, creatinine clearance (CrCL) and disease state (HCC vs. non-HCC pts) were tested.
  • Oral clearance (CL/F) was not affected by body weight (range 35-177 kg); however, apparent volume of distribution (V/F) increased by 6L per 0.1 mg/m<sup>2</sup> increase in BSA.
  • CrCL (39.9-290.3 ml/min) was not a significant covariate on V/F and CL/F suggesting renally impaired pts do not require a different dose/dosing regimen.
  • Race and impaired renal function does not appear to alter PK.

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  • (PMID = 27961681.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Arellano ML, Winton E, Pan L, Souza L, Sunay S, Lima L, McLemore M, Heffner LT, Langston A, Khoury HJ: Prognostic significance of leukopenia at the time of diagnosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7070

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic significance of leukopenia at the time of diagnosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • : 7070 Background: In contrast to the poor prognosis associated with hyperleukocytosis, the prognostic significance of leukopenia at the time of diagnosis of AML is unknown.
  • METHODS: Single institution retrospective analysis of 225 consecutive, newly diagnosed AML patients (pts), homogeneously treated between July 1996 and February 2005; and divided into 2 groups based on presenting WBC: < 2,000/uL (30) and > 2,000/uL (195).
  • Simultaneously obtained peripheral blood and marrow blasts were analyzed for cell surface expression of CD34, cKit, CXCR4, PCAM, VLA-2, VLA-3, VLA-4, VLA-5, and FLT3 using flow cytometry.
  • RESULTS: Patients' characteristics (gender, secondary vs. de novo, and cytogenetic [CTG] risk) were comparable between the 2 groups.
  • Leukopenic AML pts were older (median 56 vs. 53 years, p = 0.02), and had lower induction complete remission [CR] rates: 63% vs. 81% (p = 0.03) by univariate analysis.
  • Induction mortality was 0% for leukopenic and 5% for non-leukopenic pts.
  • In primary refractory pts, median survival was longer for leukopenic (11) vs. non-leukopenic (34) pts: 137 vs. 81 d (p = 0.026).
  • Event-free (EFS), disease-free (DFS), and overall survivals (OS) were lower in the leukopenic group: 12 vs. 14; 14 vs. 17; and 17 vs. 19 mos, respectively; but did not reach statistical significance.
  • The level of expression of cell surface adhesion molecules on blood and marrow blasts was comparable for the 2 groups.
  • CONCLUSIONS: AML pts presenting with leukopenia have comparable outcomes to those presenting with normal or high WBC despite a lower likelihood of achieving remission.
  • Leukopenic AML did not have over-expression of cell surface adhesion molecules.

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  • (PMID = 27961453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Shen JK, Ding YM, Zhou WJ, Jin J: Polymyositis/dermatomyositis associated with acute myelocytic leukemia. Rheumatol Int; 2008 Oct;28(12):1265-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Polymyositis/dermatomyositis associated with acute myelocytic leukemia.
  • Polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) are inflammatory myopathic diseases that often accompany cancers.
  • However, the relationship between PM/DM and acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) has not been elucidated.
  • We present a case of PM that developed AML 12 months after initial diagnosis.
  • We reviewed the cases in English literature and analyzed the association between PM/DM and AML.
  • We conclude that PM/DM is a paraneoplastic syndrome of AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermatomyositis / complications. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / complications. Paraneoplastic Syndromes / immunology

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  • (PMID = 18563414.001).
  • [ISSN] 0172-8172
  • [Journal-full-title] Rheumatology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rheumatol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Number-of-references] 15
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85. Shrivastav A, Kumar V, Pal J: Dermatomyositis associated with acute myelocytic leukemia. Rheumatol Int; 2010 Mar;30(5):671-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Dermatomyositis associated with acute myelocytic leukemia.
  • Polymyositis (PM) and dermatomyositis (DM) are inflammatory myopathic diseases characterized by symmetric, proximal myopathy with or without a distinct cutaneous eruption.
  • PM/DM associated with hematological disorders and especially with acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) is extremely rare with very few cases being reported till date.
  • We present here a case presenting with DM and diagnosed to be suffering from AML on admission.
  • This happens to be the second reported case of DM and AML with no latent period between the two diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Dermatomyositis / etiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Paraneoplastic Syndromes / etiology

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  • (PMID = 19471933.001).
  • [ISSN] 1437-160X
  • [Journal-full-title] Rheumatology international
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rheumatol. Int.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Glucocorticoids; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
  • [Number-of-references] 16
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86. Zhang YW, Wang SY, Lin X, Wang CY: [Identification of differentially expressed genes in familial acute myelogenous leukemia by suppression subtractive hybridization]. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Feb 27;87(8):533-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Identification of differentially expressed genes in familial acute myelogenous leukemia by suppression subtractive hybridization].
  • OBJECTIVE: To isolate genes expressed differentially from the bone marrow cells of patients with familial acute myelocytic leukemia and to explain the molecular mechanisms of the disease at the gene level.
  • METHODS: Bone marrow cells were obtained from a family with cases of familial acute myelocytic leukemia for successive 4 generations.
  • RESULTS: A subtractive library of differentially expressed genes for the family with cases of familial acute myelocytic leukemia was constructed successfully.
  • Some genes related to cell proliferation and differentiation has been acquired by SSH.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Nucleic Acid Hybridization / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Expressed Sequence Tags. Family Health. Female. Gene Library. Humans. Male. Molecular Sequence Data. Pedigree. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Sequence Analysis, DNA

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  • (PMID = 17459202.001).
  • [ISSN] 0376-2491
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yi xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] GENBANK/ CV884199/ CV884202/ CV884203/ CV973096/ CV973097/ CV973098/ CV973099/ CV973100/ CV973101/ CX129926/ CX129927
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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87. Kim S, Lee J, Lee J, Kim D, Lim S, Lee Y, Kang Y, Seol M, Ryu S, Lee K: Pretransplant comorbidity as an outcome predictor in adult patients younger than 60 years of age receiving standard induction chemotherapy for de novo acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7055

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pretransplant comorbidity as an outcome predictor in adult patients younger than 60 years of age receiving standard induction chemotherapy for de novo acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 7055 Background: Comorbidity has been evaluated as an outcome predictor in elderly patients receiving induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) as well as in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for various hematologic disorders.
  • In this single-institute retrospective study, we investigated the prognostic significance of comorbidity in younger AML patients.
  • METHODS: A total of 276 patients, aged 14 to 59 years, who received standard induction chemotherapy consisting of cytarabine plus daunorubicin or idarubicin for de novo AML excluding M3 subtype between 2000 and 2007 were included.
  • Pre-treatment comorbidity score, assessed by the HCT specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI), was calculated using clinico- pathologic data, which were retrieved from Asan Medical Center Leukemia Registry Database.
  • RESULTS: In the univariate analyses, the HCT-CI score was not a significant prognostic factor for induction of complete remission (CR), whereas survival outcomes such as overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS) and event-free survival (EFS) were significantly different according to the HCT-CI scores (Table).
  • The multivariate models showed that the HCT-CI score was an independent prognostic factor for EFS (P=0.044), but not for OS (P=0.301) and RFS (P=0.119).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pre-treatment comorbidity may provide additional prognostic information over established prognostic factors in patients younger than 60 years of age receiving standard induction chemotherapy for de novo AML.

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  • (PMID = 27961421.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Balwierz W, Chełmecka-Hanusiewic L, Klekawka T, Wójcik B, Kowalczyk JR, Ksiazek T: [Complete autologous bone marrow recovery after allogeneic stem cell transplantation in a child with acute monoblastic leukemia]. Przegl Lek; 2010;67(6):425-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Complete autologous bone marrow recovery after allogeneic stem cell transplantation in a child with acute monoblastic leukemia].
  • [Transliterated title] Pełna odnowa autologiczna szpiku kostnego po alloprzeszczepieniu u dziewczynki z ostra białaczka monoblastyczna.
  • We present a case of autologous bone marrow recovery after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in a 7-year old girl who was treated due to acute myelocytic leukemia.
  • Presented case constitutes an exceptional clinical situation and it indicates that diagnosis of leukemia relapse should be cautiously considered once the autologous bone marrow recovery is observed after allogeneic HSCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 21344774.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Przegla̧d lekarski
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prz. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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89. Tsujimura H, Mimura N, Ise M, Sakai C, Shimada H, Nagata M, Kumagai K: Incidence of therapy-related leukemia following chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e15663

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidence of therapy-related leukemia following chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer.
  • METHODS: From July 2000 to March 2008, 348 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma underwent CRT.
  • RESULTS: Four patients, who achieved CR after CRT, developed leukemia.
  • Case1, 60-yo-male, developed overt acute myeloid leukemia (AML) from myelodysplastic syndrome 48 months after CRT.
  • Case2, 64-yo-male, developed AML M0 with t(9;22)(q34;q11) 44 months after CRT.
  • Case3, 72-yo-male, developed Burkitt leukemia with t(8;14)(q24;q32) 19 months after CRT.
  • Case4, 65-yo-male, developed myeloid crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia with complicated abnormalities including t(9;22)(q34;q11) 48 months after CRT.
  • Case 1 and 3 had localized disease and received single course of neoadjuvant CRT.
  • Case 2 and 4 had advance disease and received 2 courses of CRT.
  • All patients eventually died of leukemia.
  • To this end, atypical cytogenetic abnormalities seen in the present cases give a new insight into the biology of therapy-related leukemia.
  • Notably, this is the first report presenting the incidence of secondary leukemia by nedaplatin.

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  • (PMID = 27962759.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Flinn IW, Byrd JC, Furman RR, Brown JR, Lin TS, Bello C, Giese NA, Yu AS: Preliminary evidence of clinical activity in a phase I study of CAL-101, a selective inhibitor of the p1108 isoform of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (P13K), in patients with select hematologic malignancies. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3543

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The PI3K p110δ isoform is highly expressed in cells of hematopoietic origin and plays a key role in B cell maturation and function.
  • In vitro studies of 0.1 to 10 μM CAL-101 showed inhibition of pAKT expression and/or apoptotic effects against primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and against a range of leukemia and lymphoma cell lines.
  • METHODS: In an ongoing phase 1 dose escalation study in sequential cohorts of 3 patients with relapsed/refractory CLL or select B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, CAL-101 is administered orally twice daily for 28 days per cycle.
  • Two of 6 patients attained partial response and 4 have stable disease.
  • Partial responses were observed after 2 cycles of 50 mg in a patient with mantle cell lymphoma with 6 prior therapies, and after 1 cycle of 100 mg in a patient with follicular lymphoma with 6 prior therapies, including autologous stem cell transplant.
  • Disease specific cohort expansion will occur at the maximally tolerated dose, and patients with AML will be added.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Early results from a phase 1 study of the oral PI3K p110δ inhibitor CAL-101 show that it is well tolerated and has preliminary clinical activity in patients with B-cell malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 27961357.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Borthakur G, Faderl S, Ravandi F, Padmanabhan S, Stock W, Wu K, Li J, Curt G, Tallman M, Minden M: Clinical, pharmacokinetic (PK), and pharmacodynamic findings from a phase I trial of an Eg5 inhibitor (AZD4877) in patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3580

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical, pharmacokinetic (PK), and pharmacodynamic findings from a phase I trial of an Eg5 inhibitor (AZD4877) in patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Eg5 inhibition is thus specific for dividing cells, resulting in monoastral mitotic spindles (monoasters) and apoptotic cell death.
  • Preclinically, hematologic tumor cell lines were generally more sensitive to AZD4877 than those derived from solid tumors.
  • The T<sub>1/2</sub> of AZD4877 ranged from 26 to 42 hr; PK were linear and drug levels non-cumulative.
  • Myelosuppression, the dose limiting toxicity (DLT) in solid tumor studies, was not considered a DLT in this trial.
  • Preliminary results suggest possible clinical activity in AML.

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  • (PMID = 27961757.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Zidan H, Lo S, Wiebe D, Talano J, Alemzadeh R: Severe hypercholesterolemia mediated by lipoprotein X in a pediatric patient with chronic graft-versus-host disease of the liver. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Jun;50(6):1280-1
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  • [Title] Severe hypercholesterolemia mediated by lipoprotein X in a pediatric patient with chronic graft-versus-host disease of the liver.
  • We describe a case of extreme hypercholesterolemia, mediated by lipoprotein X, in a 12-year-old Caucasian female who underwent an unrelated allogenic bone marrow transplant for relapsed acute myelocytic leukemia (AML).
  • Her post-transplant course was complicated by severe chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) of the liver.
  • [MeSH-major] Cholestasis, Intrahepatic / etiology. Graft vs Host Disease / blood. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects. Hypercholesterolemia / blood. Lipoprotein-X / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Bile Reflux / etiology. Child. Chronic Disease. Female. Humans


93. Dale DC, Bolyard AA, Schwinzer BG, Pracht G, Bonilla MA, Boxer L, Freedman MH, Donadieu J, Kannourakis G, Alter BP, Cham BP, Winkelstein J, Kinsey SE, Zeidler C, Welte K: The Severe Chronic Neutropenia International Registry: 10-Year Follow-up Report. Support Cancer Ther; 2006 Jul 1;3(4):220-31
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  • [Title] The Severe Chronic Neutropenia International Registry: 10-Year Follow-up Report.
  • BACKGROUND: The Severe Chronic Neutropenia International Registry (SCNIR) was organized 10 years ago to improve understanding and treatment of the group of rare hematologic disorders causing blood neutrophil counts to be < 500/muL for months or years.
  • Osteoporosis/osteopenia has been reported in 14% of all patients, and myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myelocytic leukemia have occurred in 57 patients, including severe congenital neutropenia (11.8%; 50 of 422), Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (8.1%; 3 of 37), and 4 others.
  • CONCLUSION: The findings of mutations in the gene for neutrophil elastase as causing cyclic and congenital neutropenia, the role of mutations in the gene for the G-CSF receptor in the evolution of severe congenital neutropenia to acute myelocytic leukemia, and the importance of apoptosis as the cellular mechanism for several diseases causing severe chronic neutropenia have come from studies on these patients.

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  • (PMID = 18632498.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-2912
  • [Journal-full-title] Supportive cancer therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Support Cancer Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Subspecialty Group of Hematology Diseases, Society of Pediatrics, Chinese Medical Association, Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Pediatrics: [Suggestion of diagnosis and treatment of acute myelocytic leukemia in childhood]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Nov;44(11):877-8
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  • [Title] [Suggestion of diagnosis and treatment of acute myelocytic leukemia in childhood].
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17274886.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1310
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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95. Vaughan WP, Karp JE: The long road to a cure for acute myelocytic leukemia: from intensity to specificity. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Jul 20;26(21):3475-7
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  • [Title] The long road to a cure for acute myelocytic leukemia: from intensity to specificity.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18640926.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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96. Shikami M, Miwa H, Nishii K, Kyo T, Tanaka I, Shiku H, Kita K, Nitta M: Low p53 expression of acute myelocytic leukemia cells with t(8;21) chromosome abnormality: association with low p14(ARF) expression. Leuk Res; 2006 Apr;30(4):379-83
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  • [Title] Low p53 expression of acute myelocytic leukemia cells with t(8;21) chromosome abnormality: association with low p14(ARF) expression.
  • In this study, the mRNA expression of p14(ARF) in t(8;21)AML cells was found to be significantly lower than acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) cells without t(8;21) chromosome abnormality, which was concordant with previous observation by Linggi et al. that AML1-MTG8 represses the transcription of p14(ARF).
  • Although p53 mRNA expression level of t(8;21)AML cells was not low, p53 protein expression was reduced in t(8;21)AML cells.
  • Genotoxic damage by ionizing radiation did not induce p53 upregulation in t(8;21)AML cells.
  • Since p14(ARF) has been demonstrated to inhibit p53 degradation by binding to MDM2, repression of p14(ARF) expression in t(8;21)AML may facilitate the degradation of p53 by MDM2.
  • Low p14(ARF) in t(8;21)AML may also account for the absence of upregulation of p53 by ionizing radiation.
  • Then, we have shown that p53 expression level was inversely correlated with S/G2/M population of cell cycle in AML cells.
  • Most of the t(8;21)AML are considered to be in p53(low) S/G2/M(high).
  • Then, secondary oncogenic events such as activated receptor tyrosine kinase (like c-kit mutation), is necessary to become full-blown leukemia.
  • Low p53 protein expression and insufficient induction of p53 by genotoxic damage might increase the opportunity to obtain additional oncogenic events, since genome guard function of p53 does not work in t(8;21)AML cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic. Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Cycle. Humans. Radiation, Ionizing. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 16162359.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p14ARF; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
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97. Ma XR, Zhang WG, Tian W, Chen YX, Liu J: [Construction, identification of human B7.1 eukaryotic expressing vector and its expression on leukemic cells]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Apr;17(2):450-4

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  • It is concluded that the human B7.1 (CD80) eukaryotic expressing vector can be successfully constructed by molecular cloned methods and can stably effectively express on the membrane of B7.1-negative acute myelocytic leukemia (AML) cell line HL-60.

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  • (PMID = 19379586.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD80; 0 / Recombinant Fusion Proteins
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98. Wang C, Wang GJ, Tan YH, Li W, Liu CH, Yu L: [The methylation pattern and clinical significance of Zonula occludens-1 gene promoter in acute leukemia]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Feb;47(2):111-3
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  • [Title] [The methylation pattern and clinical significance of Zonula occludens-1 gene promoter in acute leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the methylation status of Zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) gene promoter and discuss its role in the pathogenesis and progression of acute leukemia (AL) as a general gene marker.
  • METHODS: The methylation pattern in promoter region of ZO-1 gene was detected with methylation specific PCR in AL cell lines HL60, Molt4 and NK92 as well as in 121 clinical bone marrow samples including 81 cases of AL and 40 non malignant cases.
  • RESULTS: The promoter region of ZO-1 gene was completely methylated in HL60, Molt4 and NK92 cells; but it was unmethylated in 40 non malignant bone marrow samples.
  • The total methylation frequency of ZO-1 gene promoter region in 81 cases of AL was 60.49% (49/81), there was significant statistic difference among the relapsed AL group (92.86%, 13/14), the newly diagnosed AL group (65.85%, 27/41) and the complete remission group (34.62%, 9/26), but no difference between the cases with acute myelocytic leukemia and acute lymphocytic leukemia.
  • CONCLUSION: The hypermethylated status of ZO-1 gene promoter region was specifically detected in human AL, it was closely correlated with the pathogenesis and progression of the disease and will become a general clinical molecular marker of leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Methylation. Leukemia / genetics. Membrane Proteins / genetics. Phosphoproteins / genetics. Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged, 80 and over. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Cell Line, Tumor. Female. HL-60 Cells. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Young Adult. Zonula Occludens-1 Protein

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  • (PMID = 18683795.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Membrane Proteins; 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / TJP1 protein, human; 0 / Zonula Occludens-1 Protein
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99. Hubeek I, Comijn EM, Van der Wilt CL, Merriman RL, Padron JM, Kaspers GJ, Peters GJ: CI-994 (N-acetyl-dinaline) in combination with conventional anti-cancer agents is effective against acute myeloid leukemia in vitro and in vivo. Oncol Rep; 2008 Jun;19(6):1517-23
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  • [Title] CI-994 (N-acetyl-dinaline) in combination with conventional anti-cancer agents is effective against acute myeloid leukemia in vitro and in vivo.
  • We evaluated the interaction between CI-994 and conventional chemotherapeutics used in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in a rat model for AML and Brown Norway rat acute myelocytic leukemia (BNML).
  • This study demonstrates favorable in vitro and in vivo interactions between CI-994 and conventional anti-cancer agents used for the treatment of AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Phenylenediamines / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Blood Cell Count. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Daunorubicin / administration & dosage. In Vitro Techniques. Male. Mitoxantrone / administration & dosage. Rats. Rats, Inbred BN

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  • (PMID = 18497959.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phenylenediamines; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 112522-64-2 / acetyldinaline; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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100. Quartino A, Karlsson MO, Freijs A, Jonsson N, Nygren P, Kristensen J, Lindhagen E, Larsson R: Modeling of in vitro drug activity and prediction of clinical outcome in acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Pharmacol; 2007 Aug;47(8):1014-21
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  • [Title] Modeling of in vitro drug activity and prediction of clinical outcome in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Cell samples from 179 patients with acute myelocytic leukemia were exposed to cytosine arabinoside and daunorubicin, and cytotoxicity was analyzed using the fluorometric microculture cytotoxicity assay.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Cell Survival / drug effects. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Daunorubicin / administration & dosage. Humans. In Vitro Techniques. Models, Biological. Nonlinear Dynamics. Prognosis. Retrospective Studies. Spectrometry, Fluorescence. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 17660484.001).
  • [ISSN] 0091-2700
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Pharmacol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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