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1. Yoon JH, Park JA, Kim EK, Kang HJ, Shin HY, Ahn HS: Improvement of induction remission rate by modifying the dose of idarubicin for relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Korean Med Sci; 2009 Apr;24(2):281-8
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  • [Title] Improvement of induction remission rate by modifying the dose of idarubicin for relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Relapse is the major cause of treatment failure in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), yet there is no established treatment for relapsed ALL.
  • Twenty-eight patients diagnosed with relapsed ALL received induction chemotherapy according to the CCG-1884 protocol.
  • In conclusion, a modified dose of idarubicin from 12.5 mg/m(2)/week to 10 mg/m(2)/week resulted in an improved CR rate in the treatment of relapsed ALL, which was due to lower TRM.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Idarubicin / administration & dosage. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19399271.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6357
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Korean Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2672129
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Idarubicin / Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / Recurrence / Remission Induction
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2. Messinger Y, Gaynon P, Raetz E, Hutchinson R, Dubois S, Glade-Bender J, Sposto R, van der Giessen J, Eckroth E, Bostrom BC: Phase I study of bortezomib combined with chemotherapy in children with relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): a report from the therapeutic advances in childhood leukemia (TACL) consortium. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2010 Aug;55(2):254-9
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  • [Title] Phase I study of bortezomib combined with chemotherapy in children with relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): a report from the therapeutic advances in childhood leukemia (TACL) consortium.
  • BACKGROUND: Outcomes remain poor for children after relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), especially after early marrow relapse.
  • Bortezomib is a proteasome inhibitor with in vitro synergy with corticosteroids and clinical activity in human lymphoid malignancies.
  • PROCEDURE: This is a Phase I study of escalating doses bortezomib administered days 1, 4, 8, and 11, added to 4-drug induction chemotherapy with vincristine, dexamethasone, pegylated L-asparaginase, and doxorubicin (VXLD) in children with relapsed ALL.
  • Six of nine evaluable patients (67%) achieved a complete response (CR), and one had a bone marrow CR with persistent central nervous system leukemia.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The combination of bortezomib (1.3 mg/m(2)) with VXLD is active with acceptable toxicity in pretreated pediatric patients with relapsed ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Boronic Acids / administration & dosage. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Pyrazines / administration & dosage


3. Su WJ, Chen HL, Lai HS, Ni YH, Chang MH: Pancreaticobiliary anomalies is the leading cause of childhood recurrent pancreatitis. J Formos Med Assoc; 2007 Feb;106(2):119-25
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  • [Title] Pancreaticobiliary anomalies is the leading cause of childhood recurrent pancreatitis.
  • BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To explore the etiology, age and gender distribution, complications, and prognosis of recurrent pediatric pancreatitis.
  • Only 25 diagnosed with recurrent pancreatitis, based on two or more episodes of pancreatitis, elevated serum amylase and/or lipase levels > or = 3 times the upper limit of normal, radiographic evidence, and clinical symptoms, were enrolled.
  • The recurrence rate of pediatric pancreatitis was 27.2%.
  • Recurrent pancreatitis was associated with pancreaticobiliary structural anomalies (n = 7), biliary stones or sludge (n = 4), hyperlipidemia (n = 3), pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (n = 2), trauma (n = 2), hypoxic encephalopathy with recurrent bacteremia and sepsis (n = 1), and idiopathic (n = 6).
  • No patient died of recurrent pancreatitis.
  • Long-term morbidity after recurrent pancreatitis presented as gout, diabetes mellitus, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, and chronic pancreatitis.
  • CONCLUSION: For children who suffer from recurrent pancreatitis, pancreaticobiliary structural anomalies should be considered first.

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  • (PMID = 17339155.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-6646
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Formos. Med. Assoc.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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4. Gidwani P, Ramesh KH, Liu Y, Kolb EA: The combination of clofarabine and cytarabine in pediatric relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case report. Chemotherapy; 2008;54(2):120-4
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  • [Title] The combination of clofarabine and cytarabine in pediatric relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a case report.
  • BACKGROUND: Despite significant advances in treatment and survival rates in pediatric acute leukemias, relapse remains a common reason for treatment failure.
  • Clofarabine, a purine nucleoside analog, has recently been approved for use in relapsed and refractory pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Clofarabine and cytarabine together may be synergistic and have been used safely in adult leukemia patients.
  • CASE REPORT: We describe the administration of this combination to a 9-year-old boy with multiple relapsed T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia who failed to achieve remission after the third attempt.
  • CONCLUSION: This case is the first report of successful remission induction in a multiple relapsed pediatric leukemia patient using the clofarabine and cytarabine combination.
  • Although it is a single case, it highlights the need for further studies to assess safety and efficacy of this combination in pediatric patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18303261.001).
  • [ISSN] 1421-9794
  • [Journal-full-title] Chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chemotherapy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
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5. Metzger ML, Hudson MM, Krasin MJ, Wu J, Kaste SC, Kun LE, Sandlund JT, Howard SC: Initial response to salvage therapy determines prognosis in relapsed pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma patients. Cancer; 2010 Sep 15;116(18):4376-84
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  • [Title] Initial response to salvage therapy determines prognosis in relapsed pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma patients.
  • BACKGROUND: Pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is a highly curable disease; however, prognostic factors for the survival of patients who develop recurrent disease have not been clearly defined.
  • METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 50 pediatric patients with HL who relapsed or progressed between 1990 and 2006 and who were retrieved with intense cytoreductive treatment regimens followed by autologous stem cell transplantation and radiation therapy.
  • Fifteen patients developed progressive disease during therapy, 14 patients relapsed early, and 21 patients relapsed late.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The current results indicated that pediatric patients with relapsed HL who have an inadequate response after initial primary salvage chemotherapy have a very poor prognosis and should be considered for novel therapies directed at biologic or immunologic targets.

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 American Cancer Society.
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  • (PMID = 20564743.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-78224; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01 GM061393; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R37 CA036401-24; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-60419; None / None / / P30 CA021765-31; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA078224-10; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078224; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R37 CA036401; None / None / / R01 CA051001-15; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-36401; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / GM061393-100007; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA060419; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-51001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA036401-24; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-21765; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA051001-15; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078224-10; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765-31; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA051001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA036401; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01 GM061393-100007; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / GM-61393; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA060419
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS189726; NLM/ PMC2936658
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6. Styczynski J, Wysocki M, Debski R, Czyzewski K, Kolodziej B, Rafinska B, Kubicka M, Koltan S, Koltan A, Pogorzala M, Kurylak A, Olszewska-Slonina D, Balwierz W, Juraszewska E, Wieczorek M, Olejnik I, Krawczuk-Rybak M, Kuzmicz M, Kowalczyk J, Stefaniak J, Badowska W, Sonta-Jakimczyk D, Szczepanski T, Matysiak M, Malinowska I, Stanczak E, Wachowiak J, Konatkowska B, Gil L, Balcerska A, Maciejka-Kapuscinska L: Predictive value of multidrug resistance proteins and cellular drug resistance in childhood relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol; 2007 Nov;133(11):875-93
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  • [Title] Predictive value of multidrug resistance proteins and cellular drug resistance in childhood relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • PURPOSE: Cellular resistance in childhood acute leukemias might be related to profile and function of multidrug resistance proteins and apoptosis regulating proteins.
  • (2) correlation with ex vivo drug resistance, and (3) analysis of their prognostic impact on clinical outcome in childhood acute lymphoblastic (ALL) and acute myeloid (AML) leukemia.
  • METHODS: Total number of 787 children diagnosed for initial ALL (n = 527), relapsed ALL (n = 104), initial AML (n = 133) and relapsed AML (n = 23) were included into the study.
  • RESULTS: Both initial AML and relapsed ALL samples showed higher drug resistance than initial ALL samples.
  • No significant differences were found in drug resistance between initial and relapsed AML samples.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The phenomenon of cellular drug resistance in childhood acute leukemias is multifactorial and plays an important role in response to therapy.
  • Expression of MRP1, PGP and LRP proteins, as well as their co-expression play possible role in childhood relapsed ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Drug Resistance, Multiple. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins / metabolism. P-Glycoprotein / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles / metabolism

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  • [ErratumIn] J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2007 Nov;133(11):895. Wachowiak, Jacek [added]; Konatkowska, Benigna [added]; Gil, Lidia [added]; Balcerska, Anna [added]; Maciejka-Kapuscinska, Lucyna [added]
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  • (PMID = 17671794.001).
  • [ISSN] 0171-5216
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer research and clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins; 0 / P-Glycoprotein; 0 / Vault Ribonucleoprotein Particles; 0 / major vault protein
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7. Hoffer FA, Daw NC, Xiong X, Anghelescu D, Krasin M, Yan X, Davidoff AM, Furman WL, Rodriguez-Galindo C, Spunt SL: A phase 1/pilot study of radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of recurrent pediatric solid tumors. Cancer; 2009 Mar 15;115(6):1328-37
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  • [Title] A phase 1/pilot study of radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of recurrent pediatric solid tumors.
  • BACKGROUND: This prospective study was designed to be the first to evaluate the toxicity of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in patients with recurrent pediatric solid tumors.
  • METHODS: From 2003 through 2008, a phase 1/pilot study of RFA for recurrent pediatric solid tumors was conducted.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The toxicity from RFA of recurrent pediatric solid tumors was real but limited, and RFA may offer a local tumor control alternative in carefully selected cases.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 American Cancer Society.
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  • (PMID = 19180637.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765; None / None / / P30 CA021765-31; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765-31
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS167616; NLM/ PMC2814781
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8. Wu S, Gessner R, Taube T, von Stackelberg A, Henze G, Seeger K: Expression of interleukin-10 splicing variants is a positive prognostic feature in relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2005 May 1;23(13):3038-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of interleukin-10 splicing variants is a positive prognostic feature in relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • This study aimed to determine the expression of a splicing-derived variant of interleukin (IL) -10 in leukemic cells and its clinical relevance in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at first relapse.
  • CONCLUSION: These results indicate that splicing-derived IL-10 isoforms may modulate IL-10-mediated biologic effects and therapeutic efficacy in lymphatic disease, and expression of IL-10delta3 is a positive prognostic feature in relapsed childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling. Genetic Variation. Interleukin-10 / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 15860861.001).
  • [ISSN] 0732-183X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 130068-27-8 / Interleukin-10
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9. Kawamata N, Ogawa S, Seeger K, Kirschner-Schwabe R, Huynh T, Chen J, Megrabian N, Harbott J, Zimmermann M, Henze G, Schrappe M, Bartram CR, Koeffler HP: Molecular allelokaryotyping of relapsed pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Int J Oncol; 2009 Jun;34(6):1603-12
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Molecular allelokaryotyping of relapsed pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells at relapse are frequently more resistant to treatment than primary clones and this may be caused by further genetic changes in the ALL cells at relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / genetics. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19424578.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-6439
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; EC 3.1.3.48 / PTPRD protein, human; EC 3.1.3.48 / Receptor-Like Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Class 2; EC 3.6.5.2 / ADP-Ribosylation Factor 1
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10. Bader P, Kreyenberg H, Henze GH, Eckert C, Reising M, Willasch A, Barth A, Borkhardt A, Peters C, Handgretinger R, Sykora KW, Holter W, Kabisch H, Klingebiel T, von Stackelberg A, ALL-REZ BFM Study Group: Prognostic value of minimal residual disease quantification before allogeneic stem-cell transplantation in relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: the ALL-REZ BFM Study Group. J Clin Oncol; 2009 Jan 20;27(3):377-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic value of minimal residual disease quantification before allogeneic stem-cell transplantation in relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: the ALL-REZ BFM Study Group.
  • PURPOSE: Minimal residual disease (MRD) before allogeneic stem-cell transplantation was shown to predict outcome in children with relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in retrospective analysis.
  • To verify this, the Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Relapse Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (ALL-REZ BFM) Study Group conducted a prospective trial.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between March 1999 and July 2005, 91 children with relapsed ALL treated according to the ALL-REZ BFM 96 or 2002 protocols and receiving stem-cell transplantation in >or= second remission were enrolled.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm, Residual / mortality. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality. Stem Cell Transplantation


11. Matsuzaki A, Nagatoshi Y, Inada H, Nakayama H, Yanai F, Ayukawa H, Kawakami K, Moritake H, Suminoe A, Okamura J: Prognostic factors for relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: impact of allogeneic stem cell transplantation--a report from the Kyushu-Yamaguchi Children's Cancer Study Group. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2005 Aug;45(2):111-20
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  • [Title] Prognostic factors for relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: impact of allogeneic stem cell transplantation--a report from the Kyushu-Yamaguchi Children's Cancer Study Group.
  • BACKGROUND: The treatment results of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with a first relapse were retrospectively analyzed to determine prognostic factors.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Stem Cell Transplantation


12. Chan KL: Laparoscopic repair of recurrent childhood inguinal hernias after open herniotomy. Hernia; 2007 Feb;11(1):37-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Laparoscopic repair of recurrent childhood inguinal hernias after open herniotomy.
  • BACKGROUND: Open repair of recurrent paediatric inguinal hernias (IH) is difficult and there is definite risk of damaging the vas deferens and testicular vessels during dissection of the previous open herniotomy field.
  • METHOD: Records of patients with recurrent IH that had LR after open repair were reviewed and evaluated retrospectively.
  • RESULTS: From September 2002 to October 2005, four boys and one girl (mean age 58.8 months) were treated in our institution for recurrent IH after open repair.
  • CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic repair is the preferred operation for recurrent childhood IH after open repair.

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  • (PMID = 17006622.001).
  • [ISSN] 1265-4906
  • [Journal-full-title] Hernia : the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hernia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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13. Kaszper E, Hanzély Z, Szende B, Dabasi G, Garami M, Schuler D, Hauser P: [Examination of somatostatin receptor expression in recurrent childhood medulloblastomas]. Magy Onkol; 2008 Dec;52(4):351-5

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Examination of somatostatin receptor expression in recurrent childhood medulloblastomas].
  • Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant pediatric central nervous system tumor.
  • The primary medulloblastoma expresses somatostatin receptor-2 (SSTR-2), but so far we had no experience about the receptor status in recurrent tumors.
  • The presence of SSTR-2 may have an important role in the early detection and treatment of recurrent medulloblastomas.
  • Our aim was to examine the state of SSTR-2 expression in recurrent childhood medulloblastomas.
  • We examined SSTR-2 expression by immunohistochemistry in primary and recurrent medulloblastoma samples of ten children treated with recurrent medulloblastoma at Semmelweis University, Departments of Pediatrics, between 1998 and 2004.
  • All primary and recurrent tumors have been operated at the National Institute of Neurosurgery.
  • We examined the intensity and the percentage of SSTR-2-positive tumor cells in the primary and recurrent tumor samples.
  • All primary tumors were receptor-positive and SSTR-2 was also expressed in all recurrent medulloblastomas.
  • As a conclusion, SSTR-2-positive recurrent tumors can be detected early by Octreoscan imaging, and the presence of SSTR-2 establishes the opportunity of applying somatostatin analogues (octreotide) in the treatment of recurrent childhood medulloblastoma.

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  • (PMID = 19068462.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-0244
  • [Journal-full-title] Magyar onkologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magy Onkol
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Indium Radioisotopes; 0 / Receptors, Somatostatin; 0 / somatostatin receptor 2; 51110-01-1 / Somatostatin; G083B71P98 / pentetreotide; RWM8CCW8GP / Octreotide
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14. De Sio L, Milano GM, Castellano A, Jenkner A, Fidani P, Dominici C, Donfrancesco A: Temozolomide in resistant or relapsed pediatric solid tumors. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2006 Jul;47(1):30-6
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  • [Title] Temozolomide in resistant or relapsed pediatric solid tumors.
  • PURPOSE: We report the off-label study aimed at investigating the use of temozolomide (TMZ) as single agent in relapsed or resistant pediatric solid tumors.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty two patients, median age 127.6 months, with resistant or relapsed solid tumors were enrolled.
  • CONCLUSION: Oral TMZ was well tolerated in children with resistant or relapsed solid tumors and showed activity in NB and CNS tumours refractory to standard chemotherapy.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • [ErratumIn] Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2006 Oct 15;47(5):647-8
  • (PMID = 16047361.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide
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15. Connelly M, Rapoff MA, Thompson N, Connelly W: Headstrong: a pilot study of a CD-ROM intervention for recurrent pediatric headache. J Pediatr Psychol; 2006 Aug;31(7):737-47
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Headstrong: a pilot study of a CD-ROM intervention for recurrent pediatric headache.
  • OBJECTIVES: To empirically evaluate a minimal therapist contact CD-ROM pain management program for recurrent pediatric headache developed as part of this study.
  • METHODS: Participants were 37 children aged 7-12 attending a pediatric neurology clinic for evaluation of recurrent headache.
  • Results provide initial support for the utility of adding an adjunctive CD-ROM psychological intervention to standard medical care for recurrent pediatric headache and potentially other chronic pain conditions in children.

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  • (PMID = 16861397.001).
  • [ISSN] 0146-8693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric psychology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Psychol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Ng MH, Lau KM, Hawkins BR, Chik KW, Chan NP, Wong WS, Tsang KS, Shing MM, Li CK: HLA-B67 may be a male-specific HLA marker of susceptibility to relapsed childhood ALL in Hong Kong Chinese and HLA-A33 or HLA-B17 signifies a higher presentation leukocytosis: A retrospective analysis on 53 transplant candidates (1989-2003). Ann Hematol; 2006 Aug;85(8):535-41
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  • [Title] HLA-B67 may be a male-specific HLA marker of susceptibility to relapsed childhood ALL in Hong Kong Chinese and HLA-A33 or HLA-B17 signifies a higher presentation leukocytosis: A retrospective analysis on 53 transplant candidates (1989-2003).
  • We performed a retrospective analysis on the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) data of 53 consecutive Chinese patients with high-risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) diagnosed from 1989 to 2003.
  • Taken together, our findings support the involvement of HLA in Chinese high-risk childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Disease Susceptibility / blood. HLA-A Antigens / blood. HLA-B Antigens / blood. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / blood

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  • (PMID = 16710717.001).
  • [ISSN] 0939-5555
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / HLA-A Antigens; 0 / HLA-A*33 antigen; 0 / HLA-B Antigens; 0 / HLA-B17 antigen; 0 / HLA-B67 antigen
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17. Wehrli LA, Braun J, Buetti LN, Hagleitner N, Hengartner H, Kühne T, Lüer S, Ozsahin H, Popovic MB, Niggli FK, Betts DR, Bourquin JP: Non-classical karyotypic features in relapsed childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Feb;189(1):29-36
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  • [Title] Non-classical karyotypic features in relapsed childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Karyotype analysis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at diagnosis has provided valuable prognostic markers for treatment stratification.
  • However, reports of cytogenetic studies of relapsed ALL samples are limited.
  • We compared the karyotypes from 436 nonselected B-cell precursor ALL patients at initial diagnosis and of 76 patients at first relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Aberrations. Female. Humans. Infant. Karyotyping. Male. Recurrence. Translocation, Genetic. Treatment Outcome


18. Berrak SG, Pearson M, Berberoğlu S, Ilhan IE, Jaffe N: High-dose ifosfamide in relapsed pediatric osteosarcoma: therapeutic effects and renal toxicity. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2005 Mar;44(3):215-9
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  • [Title] High-dose ifosfamide in relapsed pediatric osteosarcoma: therapeutic effects and renal toxicity.
  • BACKGROUND: Sixteen pediatric osteosarcoma patients, previously treated with conventional chemotherapy (including ifosfamide (IFX), 9 g/m(2)) were retreated with high-dose ifosfamide (HD-IFX, 14 g/m(2) per course), following relapse or development of a new bone tumor.


19. Jude V, Chan KW: Recent advances in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Curr Hematol Malig Rep; 2010 Jul;5(3):129-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recent advances in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been an important treatment modality in the management of high-risk or relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Leukemia recurrence remains a major cause of treatment failure.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 20424978.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-822X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current hematologic malignancy reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Hematol Malig Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 46
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20. Davidsson J, Paulsson K, Lindgren D, Lilljebjörn H, Chaplin T, Forestier E, Andersen MK, Nordgren A, Rosenquist R, Fioretos T, Young BD, Johansson B: Relapsed childhood high hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia: presence of preleukemic ancestral clones and the secondary nature of microdeletions and RTK-RAS mutations. Leukemia; 2010 May;24(5):924-31
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Relapsed childhood high hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia: presence of preleukemic ancestral clones and the secondary nature of microdeletions and RTK-RAS mutations.
  • Although childhood high hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia is associated with a favorable outcome, 20% of patients still relapse.
  • No single aberration was linked to relapse, but four deletions, involving IKZF1, PAX5, CDKN2A/B or AK3, were recurrent.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Deletion. Diploidy. Genes, ras / genetics. Mutation / genetics. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics


21. Kaspers GJ, Wijnands JJ, Hartmann R, Huismans L, Loonen AH, Stackelberg A, Henze G, Pieters R, Hählen K, Van Wering ER, Veerman AJ: Immunophenotypic cell lineage and in vitro cellular drug resistance in childhood relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Eur J Cancer; 2005 Jun;41(9):1300-3
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  • [Title] Immunophenotypic cell lineage and in vitro cellular drug resistance in childhood relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
  • At relapse, T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) has a worse patient outcome than B-cell precursor (BCP-) ALL.
  • We investigated 237 paediatric relapsed ALL cases, including 151 samples taken at first relapse, of which 30 were T-cell ALL.
  • Similar results were found for first relapsed ALL samples and for the total group: T-cell ALL samples were more resistant to 4-HOO-ifosfamide (1.4-fold, P = 0.019) and cisplatin (3.7-fold, P = 0.005).
  • These results do not explain the relatively poor prognosis of T-cell ALL at relapse, but do suggest that the more intensive use of thiopurines in relapsed T-cell ALL may be beneficial.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / immunology. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 15869873.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-8049
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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22. Nara M, Toyoki Y, Hakamada K, Narumi S, Ishido K, Sugai M, Munakata H, Ito E, Sasaki M: Living donor liver transplantation for a child with recurrent pediatric adult-type hepatocellular carcinoma. Transplant Proc; 2008 Oct;40(8):2828-9
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  • [Title] Living donor liver transplantation for a child with recurrent pediatric adult-type hepatocellular carcinoma.
  • INTRODUCTION: Pediatric hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an uncommon disease with a poor prognosis.
  • There are few reports about liver transplantation for pediatric adult-type HCC.
  • We experienced a case of living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) for a child with recurrent pediatric adult-type HCC.
  • However, his alpha-fetoprotein level increased and a computed tomography (CT) scan showed recurrent tumor in his remnant liver in October 2006.
  • CONCLUSION: Liver transplantation in conjunction with chemotherapy may have an increasing role in the management of pediatric HCC.


23. Gandhi V, Plunkett W: Clofarabine and nelarabine: two new purine nucleoside analogs. Curr Opin Oncol; 2006 Nov;18(6):584-90
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Both clofarabine and nelarabine recently received an accelerated approval by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in refractory or relapsed pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia and in refractory-relapsed T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia or T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma.
  • Several phase I and II clinical explorations have suggested the utility of clofarabine in acute leukemias and nelarabine in T-cell diseases.
  • SUMMARY: Clofarabine is the first deoxyadenosine analog that shows promise in adult and pediatric acute leukemias without untoward toxicity.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenine Nucleotides / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Leukemia / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16988579.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-703X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Opin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA57629; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA81534
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 60158CV180 / nelarabine; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 68
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24. Reismüller B, Attarbaschi A, Peters C, Dworzak MN, Pötschger U, Urban C, Fink FM, Meister B, Schmitt K, Dieckmann K, Henze G, Haas OA, Gadner H, Mann G, Austrian Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) Study Group: Long-term outcome of initially homogenously treated and relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in Austria--a population-based report of the Austrian Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) Study Group. Br J Haematol; 2009 Feb;144(4):559-70
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  • [Title] Long-term outcome of initially homogenously treated and relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in Austria--a population-based report of the Austrian Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) Study Group.
  • Relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) is the most common cause for a fatal outcome in paediatric oncology.
  • Although initial ALL cure rates have improved up to 80%, the prognosis of recurrent ALL remains dismal with event-free-survival (EFS) rates about 35%.
  • In order to analyse a population-based cohort with uniform treatment of initial disease, we examined the outcome of children suffering from relapsed ALL in Austria for the past 20 years and the validity of the currently used prognostic factors (e.g. time to and site of relapse, immunophenotype).
  • Of these, 203 (23%) suffered from recurrent disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19077160.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Investigator] Ausserer B; Busch U; Müller G; Kurz R; Urban Ch; Berger H; Fink FM; Meister B; Kaulfersch W; Messner H; Mutz I; Stöllinger O; Tulzer W; Schmidt K; Ebetsberger T; Grienberger H; Jones N; Jones R; Rücker J; Haas H; Ploier R; Gadner H; Grümayer-Panzer ER; Krepler P; Mann G; Pichler E; Jürgenssen O; Slavc I; Höcker P; Knapp W; Pickl WF; Haas OA; Lion T; Kärcher KH; Hawlicek R; Pötter R; Dieckmann K
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25. Styczynski J, Gil L, Derwich K, Wachowiak J, Balwierz W, Badowska W, Krawczuk-Rybak M, Matysiak M, Wieczorek M, Balcerska A, Sonta-Jakimczyk D, Stefaniak J, Kowalczyk J, Urasinski T, Sobol G, Komarnicki M, Wysocki M: Comparison of clofarabine activity in childhood and adult acute leukemia: individual tumor response study. Anticancer Res; 2009 May;29(5):1643-50
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  • [Title] Comparison of clofarabine activity in childhood and adult acute leukemia: individual tumor response study.
  • The aim of the study was the analysis of ex vivo activity of clofarabine and 14 other anticancer drugs in pediatric and adult acute lymphoblastic (ALL) and myeloid (AML) leukemia.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ex vivo drug resistance profile was analyzed in 282 patients, including 201 children with ALL de novo, 24 children with relapsed ALL, 25 children with AML de novo and 32 adults with AML.
  • Its activity in acute myeloid leukemia was independent of patient age.
  • No significant differences in drug resistance to clofarabine between pediatric age-based subgroups of ALL were detected, while it was observed for most of other drugs.
  • An activity of clofarabine in relapsed pediatric ALL patients was as good as in newly-diagnosed ones.
  • CONCLUSION: In comparison to childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, lack of differences in ex vivo activity gives rationale for use of clofarabine in refractory and relapsed pediatric and adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenine Nucleotides / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Leukemia / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Humans. Infant. Middle Aged. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19443380.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
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26. von Stackelberg A, Hartmann R, Bührer C, Fengler R, Janka-Schaub G, Reiter A, Mann G, Schmiegelow K, Ratei R, Klingebiel T, Ritter J, Henze G, ALL-REZ BFM Study Group: High-dose compared with intermediate-dose methotrexate in children with a first relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2008 Mar 1;111(5):2573-80
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. METHOTREXATE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High-dose compared with intermediate-dose methotrexate in children with a first relapse of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • High-dose methotrexate (MTX) has been extensively used for treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • To determine the optimal dose of MTX in childhood relapsed ALL, the ALL Relapse Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (ALL-REZ BFM) Study Group performed this prospective randomized study.
  • A total of 269 children with a first early/late isolated (n = 156) or combined (n = 68) bone marrow or any isolated extramedullary relapse (n = 45) of precursor B-cell (PBC) ALL (excluding very early marrow relapse within 18 months after initial diagnosis) were registered at the ALL-REZ BFM90 trial and randomized to receive methotrexate infusions at either 1 g/m(2) over 36 hours (intermediate dose, ID) or 5 g/m(2) over 24 hours (high dose, HD) during 6 (or 4) intensive polychemotherapy courses.
  • In conclusion, methotrexate infusions at 5 g/m(2) per 24 hours, compared with 1 g/m(2) per 36 hours, are not associated with increased disease control in relapsed childhood PBC acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Methotrexate / administration & dosage. Methotrexate / therapeutic use. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / prevention & control

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  • [CommentIn] Blood. 2008 Aug 1;112(3):910 [18650464.001]
  • (PMID = 18089849.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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27. Ansari SH, Irfan M, Farzana, Panjwani VK, Shamsi TS: In-vivo purging with the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab along with standard allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) for relapsed childhood pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). J Coll Physicians Surg Pak; 2006 Jan;16(1):67-8
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  • [Title] In-vivo purging with the anti-CD20 antibody rituximab along with standard allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) for relapsed childhood pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL).
  • He did not develop acute graft versus host disease (aGvHD) but localized chronic GvHD developed.

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  • (PMID = 16441995.001).
  • [ISSN] 1022-386X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Coll Physicians Surg Pak
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Pakistan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Immunologic Factors; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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28. Sandri A, Massimino M, Mastrodicasa L, Sardi N, Bertin D, Basso ME, Todisco L, Paglino A, Perilongo G, Genitori L, Valentini L, Ricardi U, Gandola L, Giangaspero F, Madon E: Treatment with oral etoposide for childhood recurrent ependymomas. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Sep;27(9):486-90
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. ETOPOSIDE .

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  • [Title] Treatment with oral etoposide for childhood recurrent ependymomas.
  • In this study the authors retrospectively evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of prolonged oral etoposide therapy in children with recurrent ependymoma.
  • Twelve ependymoma patients with documented recurrent or persistent disease were treated between May 1998 and October 2003.
  • These results emphasize that oral etoposide is an attractive option for childhood recurrent ependymomas in terms of administration, tolerability, and neuroradiologic response.

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  • (PMID = 16189442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide
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29. Narchi H, Al-Hamdani M: First and recurrent pediatric urinary tract infections: do they have different antibiotic susceptibilities? J Chemother; 2008 Aug;20(4):472-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] First and recurrent pediatric urinary tract infections: do they have different antibiotic susceptibilities?
  • Antibiotic susceptibility studies in children rarely differentiate between first and recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI), although the latter, frequently associated with underlying urinary tract anomalies and antibiotic prophylaxis, are more likely to be associated with higher antibiotic resistance of uropathogens as a result.
  • We investigated whether antibiotic resistance was different between first and recurrent UTIs in 250 episodes (145 first and 105 recurrent) in 154 children (2 months to 12 years of age) with culture proven UTI.
  • The risk of resistance to other antibiotics was otherwise similar for first and recurrent UTIs.

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  • (PMID = 18676228.001).
  • [ISSN] 1973-9478
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of chemotherapy (Florence, Italy)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Chemother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Gentamicins; O1R9FJ93ED / Cefuroxime
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30. Mukerji SS, Parmar H, Ibrahim M, Bradford C: An unusual cause of recurrent pediatric neck abscess: pyriform sinus fistula. Clin Imaging; 2007 Sep-Oct;31(5):349-51
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  • [Title] An unusual cause of recurrent pediatric neck abscess: pyriform sinus fistula.
  • We present a case of recurrent anterior neck abscess due to a congenital fourth branchial anomaly.
  • This case reiterates that any child with a recurrent anterior neck mass should undergo thorough clinical and radiological assessments to rule out the possibility of a congenital sinus/fistula.

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  • (PMID = 17825745.001).
  • [ISSN] 0899-7071
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical imaging
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. O'Brien MM, Lacayo NJ, Lum BL, Kshirsagar S, Buck S, Ravindranath Y, Bernstein M, Weinstein H, Chang MN, Arceci RJ, Sikic BI, Dahl GV: Phase I study of valspodar (PSC-833) with mitoxantrone and etoposide in refractory and relapsed pediatric acute leukemia: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2010 May;54(5):694-702
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  • [Title] Phase I study of valspodar (PSC-833) with mitoxantrone and etoposide in refractory and relapsed pediatric acute leukemia: a report from the Children's Oncology Group.
  • As MDR1-mediated efflux of chemotherapeutic agents from leukemic blasts may contribute to drug resistance, a phase 1 study of valspodar combined with mitoxantrone and etoposide in pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory leukemias was performed.
  • Three of 11 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) had complete responses while no patient with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) had an objective response.

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  • (PMID = 20209646.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA052168-12S1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA98413; United States / PHS HHS / / R01 52168; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098413; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR 00070; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098543; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA052168; United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01 RR000070; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA98543
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclosporins; 0 / P-Glycoprotein; 121584-18-7 / valspodar; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS155713; NLM/ PMC2838930
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32. Schrauder A, von Stackelberg A, Schrappe M, Cornish J, Peters C, ALL-BFM Study Group, EBMT PD WP, I-BFM Study Group: Allogeneic hematopoietic SCT in children with ALL: current concepts of ongoing prospective SCT trials. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2008 Jun;41 Suppl 2:S71-4

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Finally, the results of these prospective trials will determine the current potential of the different SCT procedures in HR or relapsed childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 18545248.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] England
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33. Schaad UB: OM-85 BV, an immunostimulant in pediatric recurrent respiratory tract infections: a systematic review. World J Pediatr; 2010 Feb;6(1):5-12
PubMed Health. DARE review .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] OM-85 BV, an immunostimulant in pediatric recurrent respiratory tract infections: a systematic review.
  • BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess the efficacy of OM-85 BV (Broncho-Vaxom) in the prevention of pediatric recurrent respiratory tract infections (RTIs).
  • Available evidence suggests that defining recurrent RTIs as >or=3 infections per fall-winter semester is both medically and epidemiologically justified.
  • Of the patients in the OM-85 BV treated population (n=435), 32% had recurrent RTIs (that is, >or=3 RTIs/6 months) vs. 58.2% in the placebo treated population (n=416; P<0.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis shows, as observed in several individual trials, that the population treated with OM-85 BV had significantly and consistently fewer cases of recurrent RTIs.
  • The data suggest that the effect is greater in patients at increased risk of recurrent RTIs.

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  • (PMID = 20143206.001).
  • [ISSN] 1867-0687
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of pediatrics : WJP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adjuvants, Immunologic; 0 / Broncho-Vaxom; 0 / Cell Extracts
  • [Number-of-references] 44
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34. Hicks CL, von Baeyer CL, McGrath PJ: Online psychological treatment for pediatric recurrent pain: a randomized evaluation. J Pediatr Psychol; 2006 Aug;31(7):724-36
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  • [Title] Online psychological treatment for pediatric recurrent pain: a randomized evaluation.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a distance treatment delivered through Internet and telephone for pediatric recurrent pain.

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  • (PMID = 16093516.001).
  • [ISSN] 0146-8693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric psychology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Psychol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Peres E, Wood GW, Poulik J, Baynes R, Sood S, Abidi MH, Klein J, Bhambhani K, Dansey R, Abella E: High-dose chemotherapy and adoptive immunotherapy in the treatment of recurrent pediatric brain tumors. Neuropediatrics; 2008 Jun;39(3):151-6
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  • [Title] High-dose chemotherapy and adoptive immunotherapy in the treatment of recurrent pediatric brain tumors.
  • Pediatric patients with recurrent brain tumors have a poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options.
  • We investigated the use of high-dose chemotherapy with adoptive immunotherapy for recurrent brain tumors.
  • Three pediatric patients with recurrent brain tumors received high-dose chemotherapy.

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  • (PMID = 18991194.001).
  • [ISSN] 0174-304X
  • [Journal-full-title] Neuropediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neuropediatrics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adjuvants, Immunologic; 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Cancer Vaccines
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36. High LM, Szymanska B, Wilczynska-Kalak U, Barber N, O'Brien R, Khaw SL, Vikstrom IB, Roberts AW, Lock RB: The Bcl-2 homology domain 3 mimetic ABT-737 targets the apoptotic machinery in acute lymphoblastic leukemia resulting in synergistic in vitro and in vivo interactions with established drugs. Mol Pharmacol; 2010 Mar;77(3):483-94
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  • [Title] The Bcl-2 homology domain 3 mimetic ABT-737 targets the apoptotic machinery in acute lymphoblastic leukemia resulting in synergistic in vitro and in vivo interactions with established drugs.
  • We show that ABT-737 was effective as a single agent against a panel of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) xenografts, previously established, from patient biopsies, in immunodeficient mice.
  • Although in vitro resistance of leukemia cell lines correlated with expression of the prosurvival protein Mcl-1, there was no relationship between Mcl-1 expression and in vivo xenograft response to ABT-737.
  • Rational targeting of specific components of the apoptotic pathway may be a useful approach to improve the treatment of refractory or relapsed pediatric ALL.
  • Overall, this study supports the inclusion of the clinical derivative of ABT-737, ABT-263 (for structure, see Cancer Res 68:3421-3428, 2008), into clinical trials against relapsed/refractory pediatric ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Apoptosis / drug effects. Biphenyl Compounds / administration & dosage. Drug Delivery Systems / methods. Molecular Mimicry. Nitrophenols / administration & dosage. Pharmaceutical Preparations / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / antagonists & inhibitors. Sulfonamides / administration & dosage

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  • (PMID = 20038611.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0111
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ABT-737; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Biphenyl Compounds; 0 / Nitrophenols; 0 / Pharmaceutical Preparations; 0 / Piperazines; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2; 0 / Sulfonamides
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37. Raetz EA, Borowitz MJ, Devidas M, Linda SB, Hunger SP, Winick NJ, Camitta BM, Gaynon PS, Carroll WL: Reinduction platform for children with first marrow relapse of acute lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Children's Oncology Group Study[corrected]. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Aug 20;26(24):3971-8
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reinduction platform for children with first marrow relapse of acute lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Children's Oncology Group Study[corrected].
  • PURPOSE: Treatment of childhood relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains a significant challenge.
  • CONCLUSION: The AALL01P2 regimen is a tolerable and active reinduction platform, suitable for testing in combination with novel agents in B-precursor ALL.

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  • (PMID = 18711187.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21CA110344; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA98543
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2654313
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38. Chung BJ, Akst LM, Koltai PJ: 3.5-Year follow-up of intralesional cidofovir protocol for pediatric recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2006 Nov;70(11):1911-7
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CIDOFOVIR .

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  • [Title] 3.5-Year follow-up of intralesional cidofovir protocol for pediatric recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.
  • OBJECTIVES: Intralesional injection of cidofovir has been described as an adjunctive treatment for pediatric recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP).
  • METHODS: Eleven pediatric patients originally treated with a standardized stepped-dose protocol of intralesional cidofovir for RRP were followed for an extended observational period.
  • Two patients initially achieved remission but have subsequently required additional treatment for recurrent disease.

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  • (PMID = 16919339.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Organophosphonates; 8J337D1HZY / Cytosine; JIL713Q00N / cidofovir
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39. Fullerton HJ, Wu YW, Sidney S, Johnston SC: Risk of recurrent childhood arterial ischemic stroke in a population-based cohort: the importance of cerebrovascular imaging. Pediatrics; 2007 Mar;119(3):495-501
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Risk of recurrent childhood arterial ischemic stroke in a population-based cohort: the importance of cerebrovascular imaging.
  • OBJECTIVE: Few data exist regarding rates and predictors of recurrence after childhood arterial ischemic stroke.
  • We used Kaplan-Meier survival-analysis techniques to determine rates and predictors of recurrent stroke.
  • RESULTS: Among 181 incident childhood stroke cases (84 perinatal; 97 later childhood), there were 16 recurrent strokes (1 after a perinatal stroke) at a median of 2.7 months.
  • The 5-year cumulative recurrence rates were 1.2% after perinatal stroke and 19% after later childhood stroke.
  • Of the 97 children with later childhood strokes, 52 received cerebrovascular imaging, predominantly magnetic resonance angiography (n = 36) and conventional angiography (n = 26).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Strokes recur in one fifth of cases of later childhood arterial ischemic stroke but are rare after perinatal stroke.
  • Among the later childhood cases, cerebrovascular imaging identifies those at highest risk for recurrence.

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  • (PMID = 17332202.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-4275
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatrics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / K12 NS01692
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Fibrinolytic Agents
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40. Feltbower RG, Kinsey SE, Richards M, Shenton G, Michelagnoli MP, McKinney PA: Survival following relapse in childhood haematological malignancies diagnosed in 1974-2003 in Yorkshire, UK. Br J Cancer; 2007 Apr 10;96(7):1147-52

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Survival following relapse in childhood haematological malignancies diagnosed in 1974-2003 in Yorkshire, UK.
  • We examined population-based information on relapsed childhood haematological cancers, investigating factors that might influence both overall survival and survival following relapse among the 1177 children (0-14 years) diagnosed with a haematological malignancy in Yorkshire from 1974 to 2003, of whom 342 (29%) relapsed at least once.
  • Leukaemia patients from more deprived areas were significantly less likely to relapse (odds ratio=0.54, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.93 for most deprived quintile vs least deprived quintile; P(trend)=0.06), especially those with acute myeloid leukaemia (P=0.04).
  • Overall, patients who relapsed at least once had 5-year survival rates of 46% (41-51%) compared with 79% (76-81%) of those who did not.
  • This provides a baseline for future comparisons and demonstrates that relapsed childhood cancer need not imply a poor outcome.

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  • (PMID = 17342086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2360123
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41. Kaspers GJ, Reinhardt D, Fleischhack G, Armendariz H, Stark B, Zwaan CM, Zimmermann M, Creutzig U: Low efficacy of methotrexate in childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML): single-agent therapeutic window study in relapsed AML. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2006 Oct 15;47(5):539-42
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. METHOTREXATE .

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  • [Title] Low efficacy of methotrexate in childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML): single-agent therapeutic window study in relapsed AML.
  • BACKGROUND: The efficacy in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) of single-agent methotrexate (MTX) at a higher dose than previously applied, 1,000 mg/m2, given as a theoretically beneficial 36-hr continuous infusion, is unknown, but may be beneficial based on preclinical data.
  • PROCEDURE: We performed a therapeutic window study in children with first relapsed AML treated in four different countries.
  • By that time, another four patients had been enrolled, of which one patient with a late relapsed AML FAB type M7 showed a good response.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that single-agent MTX in the applied regimen in pediatric relapsed AML has limited efficacy.
  • However, it also demonstrates the feasibility of an international and therapeutic window phase II study in pediatric relapsed AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Methotrexate / therapeutic use


42. Kano H, Yang HC, Kondziolka D, Niranjan A, Arai Y, Flickinger JC, Lunsford LD: Stereotactic radiosurgery for pediatric recurrent intracranial ependymomas. J Neurosurg Pediatr; 2010 Nov;6(5):417-23
ClinicalTrials.gov. clinical trials - ClinicalTrials.gov .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Stereotactic radiosurgery for pediatric recurrent intracranial ependymomas.
  • OBJECT: To evaluate the role of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) in patients with recurrent or residual intracranial ependymomas after resection and fractionated radiation therapy (RT), the authors assessed overall survival, distant tumor relapse, progression-free survival (PFS), and complications.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Stereotactic radiosurgery offers an additional option beyond repeat surgery or RT in pediatric patients with residual or recurrent ependymomas after initial management.

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  • (PMID = 21039163.001).
  • [ISSN] 1933-0715
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neurosurgery. Pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Neurosurg Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Foreman NK, Schissel D, Le T, Strain J, Fleitz J, Quinones R, Giller R: A study of sequential high dose cyclophosphamide and high dose carboplatin with peripheral stem-cell rescue in resistant or recurrent pediatric brain tumors. J Neurooncol; 2005 Jan;71(2):181-7
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A study of sequential high dose cyclophosphamide and high dose carboplatin with peripheral stem-cell rescue in resistant or recurrent pediatric brain tumors.

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  • (PMID = 15690136.001).
  • [ISSN] 0167-594X
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of neuro-oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Neurooncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin
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44. Jabbari S, Andolino D, Weinberg V, Missett BT, Law J, Wara WM, O'Donnell RJ, Matthay KK, DuBois SG, Goldsby R, Haas-Kogan DA: Successful treatment of high risk and recurrent pediatric desmoids using radiation as a component of multimodality therapy. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys; 2009 Sep 1;75(1):177-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Successful treatment of high risk and recurrent pediatric desmoids using radiation as a component of multimodality therapy.
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate the role of radiation therapy (RT) as a component of multimodality therapy for pediatric desmoids.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Local control is difficult to achieve in pediatric patients with desmoids.

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  • (PMID = 19410386.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-355X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Apollonsky N, Lipton JM: Treatment of refractory Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) with a combination of 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine and cytosine arabinoside. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2009 Jan;31(1):53-6
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  • We have treated 5 patients with recurrent LCH with 2-CDA/Ara-C chemotherapy and closely followed immune and hematopoietic function.
  • These data suggest that 2-CDA /Ara-C, should be considered in resistant and relapsed pediatric patients with LCH with high-risk multiorgan involvement.

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  • (PMID = 19125089.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 47M74X9YT5 / Cladribine
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46. Choi J, Foss F: Efficacy of low dose clofarabine in refractory precursor T- acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Yale J Biol Med; 2006 Dec;79(3-4):169-72
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Efficacy of low dose clofarabine in refractory precursor T- acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Refractory T-lymphoblastic leukemia in adults has a poor prognosis in patients who relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation, and relatively few new agents have demonstrated activity.
  • Clofarabine is a novel nucleoside analog that has been associated with significant clinical activity in relapsed pediatric B-ALL.
  • We used low dose clofarabine and induced a remission in a patient who relapsed in the skin and marrow after allogeneic transplant and was refractory to nelarabine and report a near complete response, suggesting significant activity for low intermittent dose clofarabine in patients with relapsed T-cell leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenine Nucleotides / therapeutic use. Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17940627.001).
  • [ISSN] 1551-4056
  • [Journal-full-title] The Yale journal of biology and medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Yale J Biol Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 60158CV180 / nelarabine; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1994805
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47. Lech-Maranda E, Korycka A, Robak T: Clofarabine as a novel nucleoside analogue approved to treat patients with haematological malignancies: mechanism of action and clinical activity. Mini Rev Med Chem; 2009 Jun;9(7):805-12
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  • Phase I/II clinical studies revealed its efficacy in hematological malignancies, and in 2004 clofarabine was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of pediatric relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia after at least two prior chemotherapy regimens.

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  • (PMID = 19519505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1389-5575
  • [Journal-full-title] Mini reviews in medicinal chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mini Rev Med Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 0 / Nucleosides; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 47
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48. Petermann F, Schulte IE: [Functional abdominal pain in childhood]. Schmerz; 2009 Feb;23(1):79-85; quiz 86
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  • [Title] [Functional abdominal pain in childhood].
  • Functional abdominal pain is one of the most common types of recurrent pediatric pain.

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  • (PMID = 19165505.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2129
  • [Journal-full-title] Schmerz (Berlin, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Schmerz
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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49. Oda M, Isoyama K, Ito E, Inoue M, Tsuchida M, Kigasawa H, Kato K, Kato S: Survival after cord blood transplantation from unrelated donor as a second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for recurrent pediatric acute myeloid leukemia. Int J Hematol; 2009 Apr;89(3):374-82
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  • [Title] Survival after cord blood transplantation from unrelated donor as a second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for recurrent pediatric acute myeloid leukemia.
  • The Japan Cord Blood Bank Network (JCBBN) reports the treatment of 22 children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received umbilical cord blood transplantation from unrelated donors (CBT) as their second hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
  • [MeSH-major] Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / surgery. Tissue Donors

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  • (PMID = 19291359.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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50. Louthrenoo O, Ukarapol N, Wongsawasdi L: Psychosocial problems and childhood recurrent abdominal pain. J Med Assoc Thai; 2010 Dec;93(12):1379-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Psychosocial problems and childhood recurrent abdominal pain.
  • OBJECTIVE: Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) is a challenging problem in general pediatrics.
  • Psychosocial assessment was obtained by using a semi-structured interview and the Pediatric Symptom Checklist (PSC).

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  • (PMID = 21344799.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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51. Zhenchuk A, Lotfi K, Juliusson G, Albertioni F: Mechanisms of anti-cancer action and pharmacology of clofarabine. Biochem Pharmacol; 2009 Dec 1;78(11):1351-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • During the past decade this is the only drug granted approval for treatment of pediatric acute leukemia.
  • Recent clinical studies have established the efficacy of clofarabine in treating malignancies with a poor prognosis, such as adult, elderly, and relapsed pediatric leukemia.
  • Due to this broad cytotoxicity, this drug is effective against various subtypes of leukemia and is currently being tested as an oral formulation and for combination therapy of both leukemias and solid tumors.

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  • (PMID = 19576186.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2968
  • [Journal-full-title] Biochemical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biochem. Pharmacol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 77
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52. Zeidan A, Wang ES, Wetzler M: Pegasparaginase: where do we stand? Expert Opin Biol Ther; 2009 Jan;9(1):111-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The use of unmodified asparaginases (ASP) in the management of pediatric and adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is well established.
  • Clinical trials have demonstrated the efficacy, safety and tolerability of PEG-ASP administered intramuscularly, subcutaneously or intravenously as part of multi-agent chemotherapy regimens in the management of newly diagnosed and relapsed pediatric and adult ALL.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Asparagine / metabolism. Clinical Trials as Topic. Drug Hypersensitivity / etiology. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Humans. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19063697.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-7682
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert opinion on biological therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Opin Biol Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / pegaspargase; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols; 7006-34-0 / Asparagine; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase
  • [Number-of-references] 69
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53. Clifton MS, Pelayo JC, Cortes RA, Grethel EJ, Wagner AJ, Lee H, Harrison MR, Farmer DL, Nobuhara KK: Surgical treatment of childhood recurrent pancreatitis. J Pediatr Surg; 2007 Jul;42(7):1203-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surgical treatment of childhood recurrent pancreatitis.
  • BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Surgical intervention that improves pancreatic ductal drainage is a reasonable treatment strategy for recurrent pancreatitis in children.

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  • (PMID = 17618881.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-5037
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Yang JJ, Bhojwani D, Yang W, Cai X, Stocco G, Crews K, Wang J, Morrison D, Devidas M, Hunger SP, Willman CL, Raetz EA, Pui CH, Evans WE, Relling MV, Carroll WL: Genome-wide copy number profiling reveals molecular evolution from diagnosis to relapse in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2008 Nov 15;112(10):4178-83
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Genome-wide copy number profiling reveals molecular evolution from diagnosis to relapse in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The underlying pathways that lead to relapse in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are unknown.
  • To comprehensively characterize the molecular evolution of relapsed childhood B-precursor ALL, we used human 500K single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays to identify somatic copy number alterations (CNAs) in 20 diagnosis/relapse pairs relative to germ line.
  • EBF1 and IKZF1 deletions were particularly frequent in this relapsed ALL cohort (25.0% and 35.0%, respectively), suggesting their role in disease recurrence.

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  • Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base. meta-databases - Pharmacogenomic Annotation 827854318 for PMID:18768390 [PharmGKB] .
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  • (PMID = 18768390.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01 GM061393; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA114762; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / NCI CA 51 001; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01GM61374; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA21765; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01 GM61393; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01 GM061374; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA 78 224; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA093552; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA093552-02
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / EBF1 protein, human; 0 / G-T mismatch-binding protein; 0 / IKZF1 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Trans-Activators; 148971-36-2 / Ikaros Transcription Factor; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; E7WED276I5 / 6-Mercaptopurine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2581992
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55. Al-Amry MA, Al-Amri A, Khan AO: Resolution of childhood recurrent corneal phlyctenulosis following eradication of an intestinal parasite. J AAPOS; 2008 Feb;12(1):89-90

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Resolution of childhood recurrent corneal phlyctenulosis following eradication of an intestinal parasite.
  • Phlyctenular keratoconjunctivitis is a nodular foreign antigen delayed hypersensitivity reaction typically due to staphylococcal protein (but potentially secondary to antigen from a variety of different organisms, eg, mycobacteria and intestinal worms).(1-4) Conjunctival phlyctens are usually mild and transient, but corneal phlyctens can be severe and recurrent.(3,4) The subject of this report is a severe recurrent unilateral corneal case in a child whose stool was positive for Hymenolepsis nana.
  • Following treatment for the intestinal parasite, the child no longer suffered from recurrent ocular surface inflammation.

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  • (PMID = 18083588.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-3933
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J AAPOS
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Antibodies, Helminth; 0 / Anticestodal Agents; 0 / Glucocorticoids; 0 / Ophthalmic Solutions
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56. Luo CY, Li BS, Jiang H, Gu LJ: [Study of the correlation between the expression level of asparagine synthetase and the outcome of children with acute lymphocytic leukemia]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2008 Jul;29(7):446-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Study of the correlation between the expression level of asparagine synthetase and the outcome of children with acute lymphocytic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the high level of asparagine synthetase (AS) expression in childhood acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is associated with an inferior prognosis.
  • 82)] was observed in children failed remission, intermediate level [14.28 (3.20-54.47)] in relapsed children and the lowest level [5.08 (0.84-54.92)] in children with continuous complete remission (CCR) (P<0.05).
  • The AS mRNA level [14.93 (2.48-54.47)] in children with poor outcome (un-remission and relapsed) was significantly higher than that in children in CCR (P<0.01).
  • [MeSH-major] Aspartate-Ammonia Ligase / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / enzymology

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  • (PMID = 19035175.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 6.3.1.1 / Aspartate-Ammonia Ligase
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57. Bryson PC, Leight WD, Zdanski CJ, Drake AF, Rose AS: High-resolution ultrasound in the evaluation of pediatric recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2009 Mar;135(3):250-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High-resolution ultrasound in the evaluation of pediatric recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.
  • PARTICIPANTS: Eight patients (4 females and 4 males) with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, with a mean age of 10.25 years and a mean of 14 surgical papilloma resections (range, 3-35).
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The ultrasonographic appearance of respiratory papillomas and pediatric airway anatomy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent respiratory papillomas have a characteristic ultrasonographic appearance that seems to correlate with endoscopic findings.
  • Although direct laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy are the criterion standard, airway ultrasound may have a role in the early diagnosis of, surveillance of, and operative planning for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.

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  • (PMID = 19289702.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-361X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of otolaryngology--head & neck surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Grodman H, Wolfe L, Kretschmar C: Outcome of patients with recurrent medulloblastoma or central nervous system germinoma treated with low dose continuous intravenous etoposide along with dose-intensive chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell rescue. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2009 Jul;53(1):33-6
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  • [Title] Outcome of patients with recurrent medulloblastoma or central nervous system germinoma treated with low dose continuous intravenous etoposide along with dose-intensive chemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic stem cell rescue.
  • BACKGROUND: Adults and children with recurrent malignant central nervous system (CNS) tumors have a poor prognosis despite high dose chemotherapy with a conventional stem cell rescue regimen.
  • In this study we evaluated the results of low dose, continuous infusion etoposide over 21 days added to a conventional high-dose regimen of carboplatin and thiotepa in eight patients with relapsed pediatric CNS tumors.
  • RESULTS: Eight adults and children, with a mean age of 12.9 years (age range 5.6-27.8 years), with relapsed primary CNS tumors (metastatic medulloblastoma (7), germinoma (1)), were enrolled.
  • CONCLUSION: The strategy of low dose chronic exposure to a topoisomerase inhibitor along with ablative carboplatin and thiotepa with stem cell rescue showed promising survival outcomes in these relapsed patients.
  • This treatment strategy deserves further evaluation in a larger group of high-risk or relapsed primary CNS tumors.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 19326417.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 905Z5W3GKH / Thiotepa; BG3F62OND5 / Carboplatin
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59. Borgmann A, Zinn C, Hartmann R, Herold R, Kaatsch P, Escherich G, Möricke A, Henze G, von Stackelberg A, ALL-REZ BFM Study Group: Secondary malignant neoplasms after intensive treatment of relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in childhood. Eur J Cancer; 2008 Jan;44(2):257-68

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Secondary malignant neoplasms after intensive treatment of relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukaemia in childhood.
  • PURPOSE: To investigate the cumulative incidence of and the risk factors for developing second malignant neoplasms (SMN) in children and adolescents following treatment for relapse of acute lymphocytic leukaemia (ALL).
  • RESULTS: Out of the 1376 patients 21 were diagnosed with SMN including non-lymphoblastic leukaemia/myelodysplastic syndrome (n=6), osteo-/Ewing's-/fibroblastic sarcoma (n=4), B-cell ALL/lymphoma (n=2), thyroid carcinoma (n=2), basal cell carcinoma, adeno carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, meningioma, malignant histiocytosis, glioblastoma and anaplastic astrocytoma (n=1 each).
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Second Primary / epidemiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17981026.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-8049
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Investigator] Mertens R; Imbach P; Pongratz E; Rupprecht T; Henze G; Wickmann L; Otte J; Bode U; Eberl W; Pekrun A; Kirschstein M; Hofmann K; Frank R; Möbius D; Andler W; Niekrens C; Breu H; Suttorp M; Göbel U; Weinmann G; Sauerbrey A; Beck JF; Janka-Schaub G; Welte K; Kulozik A; Tautz C; Graf N; Fink FM; Zintl F; Hermann J; Rupprath G; Dupuis W; Rodehüser M; Schrappe M; Berthold F; Sternschulte W; Körholz D; Schmitt K; Selle B; Gutjahr P; Dürken M; Christiansen H; Rose M; Borkhardt A; Burdach S; Jürgens H; Scheurlen W; Eggers G; Geib R; Dickerhoff R; Bielack S; Rauh W; Niethammer D; Debatin KM; Gadner H; Dohrn B; Schlegel PG; Niggli F
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60. Plouin-Gaudon I, Bossard D, Fuchsmann C, Ayari-Khalfallah S, Froehlich P: Diffusion-weighted MR imaging for evaluation of pediatric recurrent cholesteatomas. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2010 Jan;74(1):22-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Diffusion-weighted MR imaging for evaluation of pediatric recurrent cholesteatomas.
  • OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficiency of diffusion-weighted MR imaging (MRI) vs. high resolution CT in predicting recurrent or residual cholesteatoma in children who underwent prior middle ear surgery.
  • Diagnosis of recurrent cholesteatoma was based on the evidence of a hyperintense image at B1000 on diffusion-weighted images.
  • CONCLUSION: Diffusion-weighted MRI is associated with a high positive predictive value for the detection of recurrent cholesteatoma.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19889465.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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61. Eby GA: Treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia using zinc adjuvant with chemotherapy and radiation--a case history and hypothesis. Med Hypotheses; 2005;64(6):1124-6
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  • [Title] Treatment of acute lymphocytic leukemia using zinc adjuvant with chemotherapy and radiation--a case history and hypothesis.
  • Low blood levels of zinc are often noted in acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), but zinc is not administered as part of any modern chemotherapy program in the treatment of ALL.
  • The result was a bone marrow remission from 95+% blast cells to an observed zero blast cell count in both hips within the first 14 days of treatment which never relapsed.
  • Since treatment with zinc and other identified deficient nutrients, particularly magnesium, did not appear injurious in ALL and they appear to be highly beneficial, controlled clinical studies of zinc (3.18 mg/kg body weight/day) with magnesium (8.0 mg/kg body weight/day) as adjuvants to chemotherapy in the treatment of childhood ALL are suggested.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Gluconates / therapeutic use. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy. Zinc / physiology

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  • (PMID = 15823699.001).
  • [ISSN] 0306-9877
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical hypotheses
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Hypotheses
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Chickenpox Vaccine; 0 / Gluconates; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; E7WED276I5 / 6-Mercaptopurine; J41CSQ7QDS / Zinc; R4R8J0Q44B / gluconic acid; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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62. Heng JL, Chen YC, Quah TC, Liu TC, Yeoh AE: Dedicated cytogenetics factor is critical for improving karyotyping results for childhood leukaemias - experience in the National University Hospital, Singapore 1989-2006. Ann Acad Med Singapore; 2010 Feb;39(2):102-6
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  • [Title] Dedicated cytogenetics factor is critical for improving karyotyping results for childhood leukaemias - experience in the National University Hospital, Singapore 1989-2006.
  • INTRODUCTION: Childhood leukaemia accounts for more than 40% of new childhood cancer cases.
  • Unfortunately, karyotyping of childhood leukaemia is difficult, laborious and often unsuccessful.
  • Among them, 369 newly diagnosed and relapsed childhood acute leukaemia cases [281 acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) and 88 acute myeloid leukaemia (AML)] have been diagnosed at NUH.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytogenetic Analysis / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20237730.001).
  • [ISSN] 0304-4602
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Acad. Med. Singap.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Singapore
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63. Wagner-Bohn A, Paulussen M, Vieira Pinheiro JP, Gerss J, Stoffregen C, Boos J: Phase II study of gemcitabine in children with solid tumors of mesenchymal and embryonic origin. Anticancer Drugs; 2006 Aug;17(7):859-64
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  • The therapeutic benefit and side-effect profile of gemcitabine in adults with relapsed solid tumors is well known.
  • So far, few data are available about its significance in pediatric relapsed solid tumors.
  • To determine the efficacy and tolerability of gemcitabine in children, the drug was administered by intravenous short-term infusion over 30 min at a dose of 1200 mg/m2 weekly for 3 weeks as one cycle in children with relapsed solid tumor of embryonic or mesenchymal origin.

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  • (PMID = 16926636.001).
  • [ISSN] 0959-4973
  • [Journal-full-title] Anti-cancer drugs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Drugs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0W860991D6 / Deoxycytidine; B76N6SBZ8R / gemcitabine
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64. Chitkara DK, Rawat DJ, Talley NJ: The epidemiology of childhood recurrent abdominal pain in Western countries: a systematic review. Am J Gastroenterol; 2005 Aug;100(8):1868-75
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  • [Title] The epidemiology of childhood recurrent abdominal pain in Western countries: a systematic review.
  • OBJECTIVE: Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) of childhood is a common problem encountered by clinicians.
  • The aim of this study was to systematically review published literature about the prevalence, incidence, natural history, and co-morbid conditions of childhood RAP in western countries.
  • In addition, childhood RAP was reported to be associated with psychological co-morbidity in childhood and adulthood.
  • CONCLUSION: RAP is a common complaint of childhood with associated familial, psychological, and co-morbid conditions.

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  • (PMID = 16086724.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9270
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 64
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65. Stempak D, Gammon J, Halton J, Moghrabi A, Koren G, Baruchel S: A pilot pharmacokinetic and antiangiogenic biomarker study of celecoxib and low-dose metronomic vinblastine or cyclophosphamide in pediatric recurrent solid tumors. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2006 Nov;28(11):720-8
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  • [Title] A pilot pharmacokinetic and antiangiogenic biomarker study of celecoxib and low-dose metronomic vinblastine or cyclophosphamide in pediatric recurrent solid tumors.
  • This study evaluated the safety and pharmacokinetics of celecoxib and LDM vinblastine or cyclophosphamide in children with recurrent, refractory solid tumors.
  • We concluded that this regimen is well tolerated hence supporting the use of this form of therapy in pediatric patients.

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  • (PMID = 17114958.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenesis Inhibitors; 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Pyrazoles; 0 / Sulfonamides; 5V9KLZ54CY / Vinblastine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; JCX84Q7J1L / Celecoxib
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66. Derkay CS, Smith RJ, McClay J, van Burik JA, Wiatrak BJ, Arnold J, Berger B, Neefe JR: HspE7 treatment of pediatric recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: final results of an open-label trial. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol; 2005 Sep;114(9):730-7
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  • [Title] HspE7 treatment of pediatric recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: final results of an open-label trial.
  • OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of HspE7, a recombinant fusion protein of Hsp65 from Mycobacterium bovis BCG and E7 protein from human papillomavirus 16, to improve the clinical course of pediatric patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.
  • Twenty-seven male and female patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, ages 2 to 18 years, were enrolled and followed up to 60 weeks.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with HspE7 appears to significantly improve the clinical course in pediatric patients with RRP insofar as it reduces the frequency of required surgeries.

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  • (PMID = 16240938.001).
  • [ISSN] 0003-4894
  • [Journal-full-title] The Annals of otology, rhinology, and laryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Bacterial Proteins; 0 / Chaperonin 60; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Viral; 0 / Papillomavirus E7 Proteins; 0 / Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 0 / heat-shock protein 65, Mycobacterium; 0 / oncogene protein E7, Human papillomavirus type 16; EC 3.6.1.- / Chaperonins
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67. Siegel MJ, Finlay JL, Zacharoulis S: State of the art chemotherapeutic management of pediatric brain tumors. Expert Rev Neurother; 2006 May;6(5):765-79
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] State of the art chemotherapeutic management of pediatric brain tumors.
  • CNS tumors are the most common solid tumor of childhood.
  • This article will review current treatments for pediatric brain tumors; low-grade gliomas, high-grade gliomas, medulloblastomas and ependymomas.
  • It will also highlight the treatments that are used for brain tumors in very young children and in children with recurrent brain tumors.
  • The management of recurrent pediatric brain tumors unresponsive to standard therapy will be discussed.
  • Future directions of therapy for pediatric brain tumors are described.
  • Finally, the future direction of pediatric neuro-oncology and the focus of the field as it battles pediatric brain tumors is discussed.

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  • (PMID = 16734524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8360
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of neurotherapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Neurother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 165
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68. Ebeid E, Kamel M, Moussa H, Galal U: ZAP-70 as a possible prognostic factor in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Egypt Natl Canc Inst; 2008 Jun;20(2):121-6
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  • [Title] ZAP-70 as a possible prognostic factor in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Interest in ZAP-70 has grown since it has been shown, through gene expression profiling, that it is expressed in a subset of cases of chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL).
  • PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of ZAP-70 in leukemic blasts of 50 newly diagnosed patients of B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and to assess the correlation between ZAP-70 expression and various prognostic factors and outcome.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 50 pediatric patients with newly diagnosed B-lineage ALL.
  • They were 28 males (56% ) and 22 females (44% ) presented to the Pediatric Oncology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, during the period from 2005 to 2007.
  • Fifteen patients (30% ) relapsed after achieving complete remission (CR) and 3 patients (6% ) did not achieve CR.
  • Four patients of those who relapsed had positive ZAP-70 expression.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 20029467.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-0362
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Egyptian National Cancer Institute
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Egypt Natl Canc Inst
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; EC 2.7.10.2 / ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase; EC 2.7.10.2 / ZAP70 protein, human
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69. Pace F, Zuin G, Di Giacomo S, Molteni P, Casini V, Fontana M, Porro GB: Family history of irritable bowel syndrome is the major determinant of persistent abdominal complaints in young adults with a history of pediatric recurrent abdominal pain. World J Gastroenterol; 2006 Jun 28;12(24):3874-7
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Abdominal Pain.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Family history of irritable bowel syndrome is the major determinant of persistent abdominal complaints in young adults with a history of pediatric recurrent abdominal pain.
  • AIM: To assess the late outcome of teen-agers with a previous history of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) or irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
  • CONCLUSION: The study confirms previous observations indicating that pediatric RAP can predict later development of IBS.

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  • (PMID = 16804973.001).
  • [ISSN] 1007-9327
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of gastroenterology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J. Gastroenterol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC4087936
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70. Bernard TJ, deVeber GA, Benke TA: Athletic participation after acute ischemic childhood stroke: a survey of pediatric stroke experts. J Child Neurol; 2007 Aug;22(8):1050-3
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  • [Title] Athletic participation after acute ischemic childhood stroke: a survey of pediatric stroke experts.
  • Minimal evidence exists about the risk of recurrent childhood acute ischemic stroke in patients subjected to a subsequent head or neck injury.
  • Recurrent or multiple dissections have been demonstrated in select cases.
  • Minor head trauma has also been associated with acute ischemic stroke.
  • The objective of this study was to survey pediatric stroke experts about participation of patients following acute ischemic stroke in high impact, medium impact, and low impact exercise.
  • International Pediatric Stroke Study members were surveyed about athletic participation after stroke.
  • Participants were asked about 2 scenarios: acute ischemic stroke with dissection, and acute ischemic stroke with a negative coagulation work-up and a negative angiogram.
  • Many experts would not allow high impact sports after a dissection, but disagree about recommendations after idiopathic acute ischemic stroke.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Age Factors. Brain / blood supply. Brain / pathology. Brain / physiopathology. Football / injuries. Humans. Male. Prognosis. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Secondary Prevention. Soccer / injuries. Vertebral Artery Dissection / complications. Vertebral Artery Dissection / physiopathology. Vertebral Artery Dissection / prevention & control


71. Robins PM, Smith SM, Glutting JJ, Bishop CT: A randomized controlled trial of a cognitive-behavioral family intervention for pediatric recurrent abdominal pain. J Pediatr Psychol; 2005 Jul-Aug;30(5):397-408
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Abdominal Pain.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A randomized controlled trial of a cognitive-behavioral family intervention for pediatric recurrent abdominal pain.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the combination of standard medical care (SMC) and short-term cognitive-behavioral family treatment (CBT) in the treatment of recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) was more effective than SMC alone.

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  • [CommentIn] J Pediatr Psychol. 2005 Jul-Aug;30(5):449-52 [15944173.001]
  • (PMID = 15944167.001).
  • [ISSN] 0146-8693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric psychology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Psychol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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72. Balemans WA, Rovers MM, Schilder AG, Sanders EA, Kimpen JL, Zielhuis GA, Ent CK: Recurrent childhood upper respiratory tract infections do not reduce the risk of adult atopic disease. Clin Exp Allergy; 2006 Feb;36(2):198-203
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Recurrent childhood upper respiratory tract infections do not reduce the risk of adult atopic disease.
  • Longitudinal studies investigating these associations beyond childhood are, however, scarce.
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between childhood recurrent upper respiratory tract infections (URTI) and asthma, allergic rhinitis (AR) and eczema in adulthood.
  • Children who experienced recurrent URTI before the age of 2 years, between the ages of 2-4 years and between ages of 4 and 8 years were not less likely to have asthma at 21 years of age than children who did not experience recurrent URTI, relative risk (RR) 0.97 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.65-1.46), RR 1.45 (CI 0.95-2.21) and RR 1.51 (CI 0.97-2.36), respectively.
  • Neither were recurrent URTI associated with a decreased risk of AR, nor eczema at the age of 21 years.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent URTI in childhood did not reduce the risk of atopic disease in young adulthood.

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  • (PMID = 16433857.001).
  • [ISSN] 0954-7894
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Exp. Allergy
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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73. Kværner KJ, Kristiansen HA, Russell MB: Otitis media history, surgery and allergy in 60-year perspective: a population-based study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2010 Dec;74(12):1356-60
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ear Infections.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between recurrent otitis media (OM), OM surgery and allergy in a 60-years perspective in the general population.
  • Main outcome measures were recurrent childhood OM, childhood myringotomy, ventilation tubes or adenoidectomy and lifetime allergy.
  • RESULTS: The prevalence of recurrent OM was 24.3% (n=4823) and OM surgery 12.4% (n=2499).
  • Recurrent OM and OM surgery was more common in respondents with allergy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Despite a twofold increase in recurrent OM and OM surgery from 1925 to 1945, the proportion of OM and OM surgery have been stable since 1945.
  • Our findings suggest a shift in clinical practice, most likely indicating a change in surgery from acute infections to otitis media with effusion (OME).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20934223.001).
  • [ISSN] 1872-8464
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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74. Garoufi AJ, Prassouli AA, Attilakos AV, Voudris KA, Katsarou ES: Homozygous MTHFR C677T gene mutation and recurrent stroke in an infant. Pediatr Neurol; 2006 Jul;35(1):49-51
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  • [Title] Homozygous MTHFR C677T gene mutation and recurrent stroke in an infant.
  • The role of homozygosity for the C677T mutation in the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene as an independent risk factor for primary and recurrent stroke has been questioned, although recent data appear to be supportive.
  • The patient was treated with anticoagulation therapy, folic acid, and iron supplementation and has not had a recurrent event during 3 years of follow-up.
  • This case provides further evidence that homozygous MTHFR mutation is a predisposing factor for early and recurrent pediatric stroke, including silent infarcts, especially in the presence of other risk factors.

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  • (PMID = 16814086.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-8994
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric neurology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Neurol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.5.1.20 / 5,10-Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (FADH2)
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75. Barnes C, Deveber G: Prothrombotic abnormalities in childhood ischaemic stroke. Thromb Res; 2006;118(1):67-74
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Stroke.

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  • [Title] Prothrombotic abnormalities in childhood ischaemic stroke.
  • Childhood ischaemic stroke, incorporating arterial ischaemic stroke and cerebral sinus venous thrombosis, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality in children.
  • Our understanding of the role of prothrombotic abnormalities in childhood ischaemic stroke is increasing and has a direct bearing on the development of effective management and prevention strategies.
  • We provide a brief background of prothrombotic abnormalities and review the available literature on prothrombotic markers in childhood ischaemic stroke.
  • The pathogenic role of prothrombotic abnormalities as predisposing to initial and recurrent childhood ischaemic stroke is becoming increasingly evident.

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  • (PMID = 16039697.001).
  • [ISSN] 0049-3848
  • [Journal-full-title] Thrombosis research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thromb. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
  • [Number-of-references] 83
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76. Zhou Y, Wang C, Yao W, Chen P, Kang J, Huang S, Chen B, Wang C, Ni D, Wang X, Wang D, Liu S, Lu J, Zheng J, Zhong N, Ran P: COPD in Chinese nonsmokers. Eur Respir J; 2009 Mar;33(3):509-18
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  • Being male, of advanced age, lower body mass index (BMI) and lower educational level, having exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, coal and/or biomass smoke, poor ventilation in the kitchen, a family history of respiratory disease and recurrent childhood cough were all independently associated with a higher risk of having COPD among nonsmokers.
  • Nonsmokers with COPD were less likely to present with chronic productive coughs and lower BMI, while more likely to have received a physician diagnosis of asthma and respiratory diseases in childhood, than smokers with COPD.

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  • (PMID = 19251797.001).
  • [ISSN] 1399-3003
  • [Journal-full-title] The European respiratory journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. Respir. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Tobacco Smoke Pollution
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77. Dixon DL, Griggs KM, Forsyth KD, Bersten AD: Lower interleukin-8 levels in airway aspirates from breastfed infants with acute bronchiolitis. Pediatr Allergy Immunol; 2010 Jun;21(4 Pt 2):e691-6
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

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  • [Title] Lower interleukin-8 levels in airway aspirates from breastfed infants with acute bronchiolitis.
  • The mechanism by which an early, severe case of bronchiolitis can result in the development of recurrent childhood wheeze or asthma is unclear; however, mucosal inflammation and pulmonary neutrophilia are believed to play a significant role.
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Bronchiolitis. Cell Degranulation. Chemokine CCL2 / metabolism. Disease Progression. Female. Humans. Immunity, Maternally-Acquired / immunology. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Respiratory Syncytial Viruses. Risk Factors

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  • (PMID = 20337964.001).
  • [ISSN] 1399-3038
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Allergy Immunol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CCL2 protein, human; 0 / Chemokine CCL2; 0 / Interleukin-8
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78. Haltrich I, Csóka M, Kovács G, Fekete G: [Cytogenetic and FISH findings are complementary in childhood ALL]. Magy Onkol; 2008 Sep;52(3):283-91
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  • [Title] [Cytogenetic and FISH findings are complementary in childhood ALL].
  • Primary genetic abnormalities of leukemia cells have important prognostic significance in childhood acute leukemia.
  • In the last two years 30 newly diagnosed or recurrent childhood ALL bone marrow samples were analyzed for chromosomal abnormalities with conventional G-banding and interphase-fluorescence in situ hybridization (I-FISH) using probes to detect BCR/ABL fusions, cryptic TEL/AML1 and MLL rearrangements and p16(9p21) tumor suppressor gene deletions.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Gene Rearrangement. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Banding. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Female. Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl / genetics. Gene Deletion. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. Interphase. Karyotyping / methods. Male. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics. Risk Factors. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 18845499.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-0244
  • [Journal-full-title] Magyar onkologia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Magy Onkol
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / MLL protein, human; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase; EC 2.7.10.2 / Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl
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79. Bombaci H, Ulkü K, Adiyeke L, Kara S, Görgeç M: [Childhood injuries, their etiologies, and preventive measures]. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc; 2008 May-Jul;42(3):166-73
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Wounds and Injuries.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Childhood injuries, their etiologies, and preventive measures].
  • OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate social, economical, and cultural factors of childhood injuries and to assess preventive measures.
  • Occupation and educational status of the mother, and the number of siblings were not related with recurrent childhood injuries (p>0.05).
  • CONCLUSION: This study provided helpful information on the characteristics of childhood trauma.
  • Programs targeting to increase the awareness on pertinent risk behaviors and to promote educational efforts concerning the risks and preventive measures will be of great help in preventing childhood injuries, in particular at the beginning of school life (age 7) and adolescence (age 12), at which time child injuries show culmination.

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  • (PMID = 18716430.001).
  • [ISSN] 1017-995X
  • [Journal-full-title] Acta orthopaedica et traumatologica turcica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc
  • [Language] tur
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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80. Jakacki RI, Hamilton M, Gilbertson RJ, Blaney SM, Tersak J, Krailo MD, Ingle AM, Voss SD, Dancey JE, Adamson PC: Pediatric phase I and pharmacokinetic study of erlotinib followed by the combination of erlotinib and temozolomide: a Children's Oncology Group Phase I Consortium Study. J Clin Oncol; 2008 Oct 20;26(30):4921-7
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  • [Title] Pediatric phase I and pharmacokinetic study of erlotinib followed by the combination of erlotinib and temozolomide: a Children's Oncology Group Phase I Consortium Study.
  • CONCLUSION: The recommended phase II dose of erlotinib in recurrent pediatric solid tumors is 85 mg/m(2)/d, either alone or in combination with temozolomide.

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  • (PMID = 18794549.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCATS NIH HHS / TR / UL1 TR000005; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA97452; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Quinazolines; 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide; DA87705X9K / Erlotinib Hydrochloride; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2652086
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81. Dai B, Liu Y, Jia J, Mei C: Long-term antibiotics for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Arch Dis Child; 2010 Jul;95(7):499-508
PubMed Health. DARE review .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term antibiotics for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of long-term prophylactic antibiotics for recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) in children through meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
  • Analysis suggested rates of recurrent symptomatic UTI were not significantly different between antibiotic (12.4%) and control groups (15.5%) (RR 0.83, 95% CI 0.66 to 1.05).
  • However, when trials were divided by study quality, only in trials with adequate allocation concealment was recurrent symptomatic UTI reduced by antibiotic prophylaxis.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Evidence is lacking that prophylactic antibiotics reduce the incidence of recurrent childhood UTI.

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  • [CommentIn] Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2011 Oct;96(5):198 [21576206.001]
  • (PMID = 20457696.001).
  • [ISSN] 1468-2044
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives of disease in childhood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch. Dis. Child.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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82. Arush MW, Israel O, Postovsky S, Militianu D, Meller I, Zaidman I, Sapir AE, Bar-Shalom R: Positron emission tomography/computed tomography with 18fluoro-deoxyglucose in the detection of local recurrence and distant metastases of pediatric sarcoma. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2007 Dec;49(7):901-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Positron emission tomography/computed tomography with 18fluoro-deoxyglucose in the detection of local recurrence and distant metastases of pediatric sarcoma.
  • BACKGROUND: Combined positron emission tomography with (18)fluoro-deoxyglucose and computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) has been used in the diagnosis and staging of various malignancies, but their use in the management of pediatric sarcomas is less well defined.
  • The potential role of FDG-PET/CT in the diagnosis of local recurrence and distant metastases of pediatric sarcomas was investigated.
  • CONCLUSION: FDG-PET/CT may be useful and complementary to other imaging modalities for the detection of recurrent pediatric sarcomas, especially at the primary site.

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  • (PMID = 17252575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0Z5B2CJX4D / Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
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83. Svirnovski AI, Shman TV, Serhiyenka TF, Savitski VP, Smolnikova VV, Fedasenka UU: ABCB1 and ABCG2 proteins, their functional activity and gene expression in concert with drug sensitivity of leukemia cells. Hematology; 2009 Aug;14(4):204-12
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Leukemia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] ABCB1 and ABCG2 proteins, their functional activity and gene expression in concert with drug sensitivity of leukemia cells.
  • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells of adults were studied.
  • No differences between expression of P-gp and BCRP and genes in primary and relapsed acute leukemia (AL) cells as well as in de novo and treated CLL samples were established.
  • Doxorubicine, rubomycinum and L-asparaginase resistance correlates with P-gp overexpression and increased function in pediatric AL whereas vincristine resistance might be associated with P-gp protein expression in AL samples and impared P-gp function in CLL lymphocytes only.
  • A tendency for the decreased doxorubicin cytotoxic activity was shown in BCRP-overexpressing cells both in children and adults leukemia.
  • Multifactorial ANOVA showed that P-gp/MDR1 and BCRP as well as their function could not be used as unconditional and universal predictors of leukemia cell drug resistance in vitro.
  • These results suggest that studied MDR transporter-proteins have a limited role per se in vitro and admittedly in vivo drug resistance estimated in leukemia patients or it is not yet fully understood unless would not be studied in aggregate.
  • In any event, the expression and function studies of the proteins under investigation when singularly considered do not have a crucial significance for impact on drug resistance evaluation in all leukemia patients.
  • [MeSH-major] ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / biosynthesis. Leukemia / drug therapy. Leukemia / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. P-Glycoprotein / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Child. Child, Preschool. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Gene Expression. Humans. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / drug therapy. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / genetics. Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell / metabolism. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / metabolism. P-Glycoproteins. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Tumor Cells, Cultured

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  • (PMID = 19635183.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-8454
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ABCB1 protein, human; 0 / ABCG2 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / P-Glycoprotein; 0 / P-Glycoproteins
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84. Hershey A, Kabbouche M, Powers S: Tension-type headache in the young. Curr Pain Headache Rep; 2006 Dec;10(6):467-70
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  • Headache is common in childhood; recurrent headaches include both migraine and tension-type headache (TTH).

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  • (PMID = 17087874.001).
  • [ISSN] 1531-3433
  • [Journal-full-title] Current pain and headache reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Pain Headache Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 21
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85. Lu M, Yao WZ, Zhong NS, Zhou YM, Wang C, Chen P, Kang J, Huang SG, Chen BY, Wang CZ, Ni DT, Wang XP, Wang DL, Liu SM, Lü JC, Shen N, Ding YL, Ran PX: Asymptomatic patients of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in China. Chin Med J (Engl); 2010 Jun;123(12):1494-9
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  • Asymptomatic COPD group were less likely to present with poor ventilation in the kitchen, a family history of respiratory disease and recurrent childhood cough.

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  • [CommentIn] Chin Med J (Engl). 2010 Jun;123(12):1491-3 [20819498.001]
  • (PMID = 20819499.001).
  • [ISSN] 0366-6999
  • [Journal-full-title] Chinese medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Chin. Med. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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86. Chang CH, Hsu YH: Hyper-IgE syndrome with Epstein-Barr virus associated extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma of skin. Kaohsiung J Med Sci; 2010 Apr;26(4):206-10
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  • Here, we report an 18-year-old woman who was frequently hospitalized since childhood because of recurrent pneumonia and urinary tract infection.
  • A skin biopsy showed angiocentric and angiodestructive atypical lymphoid infiltration.
  • In situ hybridization revealed latent Epstein- Barr virus-infected lymphoid cells.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2010 Elsevier. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20434102.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-551X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Kaohsiung J. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China (Republic : 1949- )
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87. Ramnarine I: Role of surgery in the management of the adult patient with coarctation of the aorta. Postgrad Med J; 2005 Apr;81(954):243-7
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  • These include the presence of additional cardiovascular anomalies (predominantly aortic valve abnormality) and presentation with complications after coarctation repair in childhood (such as recurrent coarctation or aneurysm formation).

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  • (PMID = 15811888.001).
  • [ISSN] 0032-5473
  • [Journal-full-title] Postgraduate medical journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Postgrad Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 28
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1743240
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88. Wright SK, Lobe T: Transaxillary totally endoscopic robot-assisted ansa cervicalis to recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation for repair of unilateral vocal fold paralysis. J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A; 2009 Apr;19 Suppl 1:S203-6
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  • [Title] Transaxillary totally endoscopic robot-assisted ansa cervicalis to recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation for repair of unilateral vocal fold paralysis.
  • Pediatric unilateral vocal-fold paralysis represents a source of significant morbidity, for which treatment options are quite limited.
  • While open techniques for pediatric recurrent laryngeal nerve reinnervation have been performed, these require large, visible incisions, which limit the appeal of this technique.
  • [MeSH-major] Endoscopy / methods. Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve / surgery. Robotics. Vocal Cord Paralysis / surgery

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  • (PMID = 19260797.001).
  • [ISSN] 1092-6429
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of laparoendoscopic & advanced surgical techniques. Part A
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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89. Vlaski L, Dankuc D, Dragicević D, Lemajić-Komazec S: [Otitis media in children--a parallelism between the state-of-the-art knowledge and the context of real clinical practice]. Med Pregl; 2008;61 Suppl 2:7-12
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Ear Infections.

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  • It is commonly recurrent by its nature, causing transient or long-term hearing reduction.
  • From the clinical aspect, the problem of recrudescence and chronicity of childhood otitis media is enormous.
  • Some open questions are as follows: is recurrent otitis media in childhood really recurrent, or we are dealing with clinical manifestations of exacerbation of the chronic process (chronic from the very beginning), which are the factors predisposing and/or reflecting inflammatory processes in the middle ear, which are the potentials of real clinical practice, which are the modalities of prevention of inflammatory processes in the middle ear in children, is there a parallelism between the real clinical, therapeutic practice and current knowledge of the etiopathogenesis of otitis media in children?

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  • (PMID = 18924584.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-8105
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicinski pregled
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Pregl.
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
  • [Number-of-references] 46
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90. Finsterer J, Regelsberger G, Voigtländer T: Non-manifesting Refsum heterozygotes carrying the c.135-2A&gt;G PAHX gene transition. Neurol Sci; 2008 Jun;29(3):173-5

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  • The daughter reported a single fever cramp in childhood, recurrent, short-lived amaurotic episodes after getting up from supine, short-sightedness, hypoacusis, and restless legs.

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  • (PMID = 18612766.001).
  • [ISSN] 1590-1874
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurological sciences : official journal of the Italian Neurological Society and of the Italian Society of Clinical Neurophysiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Genetic Markers; 14721-66-5 / Phytanic Acid; EC 1.- / Mixed Function Oxygenases; EC 1.14.- / PHYH protein, human
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91. Ozturk M, Kordan Y, Cangul H, Dogan HS, Kilicarslan H, Vuruskan H, Oktay B: Association of urokinase gene 3'-UTR T/C polymorphism with calcium oxalate urolithiasis in children. Int Urol Nephrol; 2008;40(3):563-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Urokinase concentrations are lower and urokinase gene 3'-UTR T/C polymorphism is higher in patients with recurrent stones.
  • Our aim was to investigate the role of urokinase gene 3'-UTR T/C polymorphism in childhood recurrent stone disease.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: A control group of 40 healthy children having no history of stone formation (group 1) (mean age 10.5+/-4.2 years), 40 children (mean age 10.5+/-4.33 years) who had calcium oxalate stones for the first time (group 2), and 40 patients (mean age 11.2+/-3.8 years) with recurrent calcium oxalate stone disease (group 3) were included in the study.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Urokinase 3'-UTR T/C gene polymorphism seems to appear more commonly in children with recurrent calcium oxalate stone disease than in healthy children and in those with stones for the first time.
  • These results suggest that the urokinase gene might play a role in childhood recurrent calcium oxalate stone disease.

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  • (PMID = 18240004.001).
  • [ISSN] 0301-1623
  • [Journal-full-title] International urology and nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int Urol Nephrol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 2612HC57YE / Calcium Oxalate; EC 3.4.21.73 / Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator
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92. Fujii H, Trudeau JD, Teachey DT, Fish JD, Grupp SA, Schultz KR, Reid GS: In vivo control of acute lymphoblastic leukemia by immunostimulatory CpG oligonucleotides. Blood; 2007 Mar 1;109(5):2008-13
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  • [Title] In vivo control of acute lymphoblastic leukemia by immunostimulatory CpG oligonucleotides.
  • Despite considerable success in treating newly diagnosed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), relapsed disease remains a significant clinical challenge.
  • The administration of CpG ODNs induced a significant reduction in systemic leukemia burden, mediated continued disease control, and significantly improved survival of mice with established human ALL.
  • The death of leukemia cells in vivo was independent of the ability of ALL cells to respond directly to CpG ODNs and correlated with the production of IL-12p70, IFN-alpha, and IFN-gamma by the host.
  • [MeSH-major] Adjuvants, Immunologic / therapeutic use. Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / immunology. Oligodeoxyribonucleotides / therapeutic use. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology

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  • (PMID = 17068155.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adjuvants, Immunologic; 0 / CPG-oligonucleotide; 0 / Oligodeoxyribonucleotides
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93. Yu G, Hong DK, Dionis KY, Rae J, Heyworth PG, Curnutte JT, Lewis DB: Focus on FOCIS: the continuing diagnostic challenge of autosomal recessive chronic granulomatous disease. Clin Immunol; 2008 Aug;128(2):117-26
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  • CGD usually presents in early childhood with recurrent or severe infection with catalase-positive bacteria and fungi.

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  • (PMID = 18625437.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-7035
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Immunol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Phosphoproteins; 0 / neutrophil cytosol factor 67K; EC 1.6.3.1 / NADPH Oxidase; EC 1.6.3.1 / NCF2 protein, human
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94. Fiocchi A, Olivieri D, Marcassa S, Zava D, Robberto E: Cost effective analysis of ribosome-component immune modulation. Allergy Asthma Proc; 2009 Jul-Aug;30 Suppl 1:S37-9
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  • In childhood, recurrent airway infections are the most common cause for medical visits and hospitalizations.
  • Pharmacoeconomic studies published during the past few years showed how the use of ribosome component immune modulator is capable of reducing expenditure associated with treatment of recurrent respiratory infection and allows achievement of substantial savings in terms of cost, time, and loss of productivity.

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  • (PMID = 19679004.001).
  • [ISSN] 1539-6304
  • [Journal-full-title] Allergy and asthma proceedings
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Allergy Asthma Proc
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Bacterial; 0 / Immunologic Factors; 0 / Ribomunyl
  • [Number-of-references] 14
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95. Logan DE, Scharff L: Relationships between family and parent characteristics and functional abilities in children with recurrent pain syndromes: an investigation of moderating effects on the pathway from pain to disability. J Pediatr Psychol; 2005 Dec;30(8):698-707
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  • [Title] Relationships between family and parent characteristics and functional abilities in children with recurrent pain syndromes: an investigation of moderating effects on the pathway from pain to disability.
  • OBJECTIVE: To identify family characteristics associated with children's ability to function with recurrent pain.
  • METHODS: Seventy-eight children ages 7-17 years with recurrent pain syndromes [migraine headache or recurrent abdominal pain (RAP)] were recruited from clinic settings.
  • CONCLUSIONS: For some pediatric recurrent pain sufferers, family characteristics associate with the extent of pain-related disability and may help identify children likely to experience more impaired functioning in response to recurrent pain.

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  • (PMID = 16093517.001).
  • [ISSN] 0146-8693
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric psychology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Psychol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / HD 38647
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Jetsrisuparb A, Wiangnon S, Komvilaisak P, Kularbkaew C, Yutanawiboonchai W, Mairieng E: Rituximab combined with CHOP for successful treatment of aggressive recurrent, pediatric B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Apr;27(4):223-6
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  • [Title] Rituximab combined with CHOP for successful treatment of aggressive recurrent, pediatric B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • This report is the first to describe the successful treatment of a 14-year-old boy with aggressive recurrent, CD20-positive, B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Rituximab and CHOP in addition to chemotherapy may be an alternative treatment for aggressive recurrent, pediatric CD20-positive B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma if highly intensive chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation are not available.

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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. RITUXIMAB .
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  • (PMID = 15838396.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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97. Kvestad E, Kvaerner KJ, Røysamb E, Tambs K, Harris JR, Magnus P: The reliability of self-reported childhood otitis media by adults. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol; 2006 Apr;70(4):597-602
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The reliability of self-reported childhood otitis media by adults.
  • OBJECTIVE: To estimate reliability of retrospective questionnaire data on childhood recurrent otitis media, and to identify factors influencing inconsistency in self-report.
  • The finding that reporting pattern is related to disease severity is in accordance with the proposed need for a uniform agreement on the definition of the term "recurrent otitis media" for research purposes.

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  • (PMID = 16143406.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-5876
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Twin Study
  • [Publication-country] Ireland
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98. Milliner DS: The primary hyperoxalurias: an algorithm for diagnosis. Am J Nephrol; 2005 Mar-Apr;25(2):154-60
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  • RESULTS: Patients with stones or nephrocalcinosis in childhood, recurrent calcium oxalate stones in adulthood, or renal insufficiency associated with stones or nephrocalcinosis should be evaluated for PH.

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  • [Copyright] 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel
  • (PMID = 15855742.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-8095
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of nephrology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Nephrol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Number-of-references] 52
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99. Trautmann E, Kröner-Herwig B: A randomized controlled trial of Internet-based self-help training for recurrent headache in childhood and adolescence. Behav Res Ther; 2010 Jan;48(1):28-37
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A randomized controlled trial of Internet-based self-help training for recurrent headache in childhood and adolescence.
  • Sixty-five children and adolescents (mean age: 12.7 years) with recurrent headache (at least 2 attacks per month) were each assigned to one of the three treatment conditions.
  • The results support the use of Internet programs for pediatric recurrent headache, especially given their accessibility and suitability for children and adolescents.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 19782343.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-622X
  • [Journal-full-title] Behaviour research and therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Behav Res Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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100. Brennan S, Hall GL, Horak F, Moeller A, Pitrez PM, Franzmann A, Turner S, de Klerk N, Franklin P, Winfield KR, Balding E, Stick SM, Sly PD: Correlation of forced oscillation technique in preschool children with cystic fibrosis with pulmonary inflammation. Thorax; 2005 Feb;60(2):159-63
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Pneumonia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Lung disease in cystic fibrosis (CF) is established in early childhood with recurrent bacterial infections and inflammation.

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  • (PMID = 15681506.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-6376
  • [Journal-full-title] Thorax
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thorax
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Interleukin-8
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1747296
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