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1. Prasad RB, Hosking FJ, Vijayakrishnan J, Papaemmanuil E, Koehler R, Greaves M, Sheridan E, Gast A, Kinsey SE, Lightfoot T, Roman E, Taylor M, Pritchard-Jones K, Stanulla M, Schrappe M, Bartram CR, Houlston RS, Kumar R, Hemminki K: Verification of the susceptibility loci on 7p12.2, 10q21.2, and 14q11.2 in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood. Blood; 2010 Mar 4;115(9):1765-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Verification of the susceptibility loci on 7p12.2, 10q21.2, and 14q11.2 in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood.
  • Recent genome-wide association data have implicated genetic variation at 7p12.2 (IKZF1), 10q21.2 (ARIDB5), and 14q11.2 (CEBPE) in the etiology of B-cell childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • To verify and further examine the relationship between these variants and ALL risk, we genotyped 1384 cases of precursor B-cell childhood ALL and 1877 controls from Germany and the United Kingdom.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20042726.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ARID5B protein, human; 0 / CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / IKZF1 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors; 142805-41-2 / CEBPE protein, human; 148971-36-2 / Ikaros Transcription Factor
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2. Healy J, Richer C, Bourgey M, Kritikou EA, Sinnett D: Replication analysis confirms the association of ARID5B with childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Haematologica; 2010 Sep;95(9):1608-11
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  • [Title] Replication analysis confirms the association of ARID5B with childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Although childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most common pediatric cancer, its etiology remains poorly understood.
  • In an attempt to replicate the findings of 2 recent genome-wide association studies in a French-Canadian cohort, we confirmed the association of 5 SNPs [rs7073837 (P=4.2 x 10(-4)), rs10994982 (P=3.8 x 10(-4)), rs10740055 (P=1.6 x 10(-5)), rs10821936 (P=1.7 x 10(-7)) and rs7089424 (P=3.6 x 10(-7))] in the ARID5B gene with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We also confirmed a selective effect for B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia with hyperdiploidy and report a putative gender-specific effect of ARID5B SNPs on acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk in males.
  • This study provides a strong rationale for more detailed analysis to identify the causal variants at this locus and to better understand the overall functional contribution of ARID5B to childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia susceptibility.

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  • (PMID = 20460642.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] Canada / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ARID5B protein, human; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Transcription Factors
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2930966
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3. Linger RM, DeRyckere D, Brandão L, Sawczyn KK, Jacobsen KM, Liang X, Keating AK, Graham DK: Mer receptor tyrosine kinase is a novel therapeutic target in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2009 Sep 24;114(13):2678-87
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  • [Title] Mer receptor tyrosine kinase is a novel therapeutic target in pediatric B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is currently treated with an intense regimen of chemotherapy yielding cure rates near 80%.
  • Here, we report ectopic expression of the receptor tyrosine kinase Mer in pediatric B-cell ALL.
  • Inhibition of Mer prevented Erk 1/2 activation, increased the sensitivity of B-ALL cells to cytotoxic agents in vitro by promoting apoptosis, and delayed disease onset in a mouse model of leukemia.

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  • [RetractionIn] Blood. 2012 Aug 16;120(7):1533 [22753864.001]
  • (PMID = 19643988.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / F32 HL096416; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA98543; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA114766; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA114766; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / F32HL096416; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098543
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Retracted Publication
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / RNA, Small Interfering; EC 2.7.10.1 / MERTK protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2927045
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4. Jeha S, Behm F, Pei D, Sandlund JT, Ribeiro RC, Razzouk BI, Rubnitz JE, Hijiya N, Howard SC, Cheng C, Pui CH: Prognostic significance of CD20 expression in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2006 Nov 15;108(10):3302-4
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  • [Title] Prognostic significance of CD20 expression in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • CD20 expression is associated with inferior survival in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • We analyzed the prognostic impact of CD20 expression in 353 children with B-cell precursor ALL treated in 3 consecutive St Jude Total Therapy studies.
  • There was no association between CD20 expression and E2A-PBX, TEL-AML1, ploidy, white blood cell count at diagnosis, or sex.
  • These data suggest that CD20 expression is not associated with inferior outcome in pediatric patients treated with contemporary regimens.

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  • (PMID = 16896151.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA21765
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1895438
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5. Ye QD, Gu LJ, Tang JY, Xue HL, Chen J, Pan C, Chen J, Dong L, Zhou M, Jiang LM: [Clinical importance of minimal residual disease testing in the therapy of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Jun;10(3):333-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Clinical importance of minimal residual disease testing in the therapy of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the role of minimal residual disease (MRD) in the evaluation of therapeutic effectiveness of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • METHODS: MRD testing was performed in 124 children with B-cell ALL, who were newly diagnosed and enrolled in the ALL-XH-99 treatment protocol from September 2001 to April 2005MRD was determined by 4-color flow cytometry in the different time points during the treatment period.
  • Multivariate analysis confirmed that the MRD level after induction chemotherapy together with the reaction to prednisone, the bone marrow features on the 19th day of induction, and the fusion gene with BCR-ABL or MLL-AF4 had prognostic significance in childhood B-cell ALL.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The MRD level in the whole course of therapy is an important outcome indicator in childhood B cell ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18554462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1008-8830
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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6. Cocco C, Canale S, Frasson C, Di Carlo E, Ognio E, Ribatti D, Prigione I, Basso G, Airoldi I: Interleukin-23 acts as antitumor agent on childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells. Blood; 2010 Nov 11;116(19):3887-98
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  • [Title] Interleukin-23 acts as antitumor agent on childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the potential direct antitumor activity of IL-23 in pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cells and to unravel the molecular mechanisms involved.
  • Here, we show, for the first time, that IL-23R is up-regulated in primary B-ALL cells, compared with normal early B lymphocytes, and that IL-23 dampens directly tumor growth in vitro and in vivo through the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis.
  • The latter finding is related to IL-23-induced up-regulation of miR15a expression and the consequent down-regulation of BCL-2 protein expression in pediatric B-ALL cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Interleukin-23 Subunit p19 / immunology. Interleukin-23 Subunit p19 / pharmacology. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Apoptosis / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Proliferation / drug effects. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Gene Expression / drug effects. Genes, bcl-2 / drug effects. Humans. In Vitro Techniques. Infant. Male. Mice. Mice, Inbred NOD. Mice, SCID. MicroRNAs / antagonists & inhibitors. MicroRNAs / genetics. Recombinant Proteins / genetics. Recombinant Proteins / immunology. Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology. Signal Transduction / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20671120.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / IL23A protein, human; 0 / Interleukin-23 Subunit p19; 0 / MIRN15 microRNA, human; 0 / MicroRNAs; 0 / Recombinant Proteins
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7. Taylor GM, Hussain A, Lightfoot TJ, Birch JM, Eden TO, Greaves MF: HLA-associated susceptibility to childhood B-cell precursor ALL: definition and role of HLA-DPB1 supertypes. Br J Cancer; 2008 Mar 25;98(6):1125-31
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  • [Title] HLA-associated susceptibility to childhood B-cell precursor ALL: definition and role of HLA-DPB1 supertypes.
  • Childhood B-cell precursor (BCP) ALL is thought to be caused by a delayed immune response to an unidentified postnatal infection.

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  • [Cites] J Immunol. 1990 Jul 1;145(1):305-10 [1694205.001]
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  • (PMID = 18334973.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-0920
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA-DP Antigens; 0 / HLA-DP beta-Chains; 0 / HLA-DPB1 antigen
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2275491
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8. Hill A, Short MA, Varghese C, Kusumakumary P, Kumari P, Morgan GJ: The t(12:21) is underrepresented in childhood B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Kerala, Southern India. Haematologica; 2005 Mar;90(3):414-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The t(12:21) is underrepresented in childhood B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Kerala, Southern India.
  • t(12;21) (TEL/AML1) is the most common genetic event in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) in Western countries.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 12. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Humans. Incidence. India / epidemiology. Leukemia, B-Cell. Molecular Epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 15749681.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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9. Tie LJ, Gu LJ, Chen J, Jiang LM, Dong L, Pan C, Ye H, Song DL, Xue HL, Tang JY, Wang YP, Chen J: [Prognostic value of minimal residual disease in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Feb;27(2):120-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Prognostic value of minimal residual disease in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the prognostic value of minimal residual disease (MRD) in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after induction chemotherapy.
  • CONCLUSION: The MRD level at achieving CR is one of important prognostic factor in the treatment of childhood B-cell ALL, and might be used to assess the early treatment response.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, B-Cell / drug therapy. Neoplasm, Residual

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  • (PMID = 16732969.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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10. Ju X, Li D, Shi Q, Hou H, Sun N, Shen B: Differential microRNA expression in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2009 Jan;26(1):1-10
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Differential microRNA expression in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The analysis of differential microRNA expression profiles may be a powerful tool to allow us insight on the mechanisms of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pre-B-ALL).
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. MicroRNAs / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Child, Preschool. Computational Biology. Gene Expression Profiling. Hematopoiesis / genetics. Humans. Infant. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19206004.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MIRN222 microRNA, human; 0 / MIRN373 microRNA, human; 0 / MIRN451 microRNA, human; 0 / MicroRNAs
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11. Stachel D, Albert M, Meilbeck R, Paulides M, Schmid I: Expression of angiogenic factors in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Oncol Rep; 2007 Jan;17(1):147-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of angiogenic factors in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • In pediatric acute lymphocytic leukemia however, the expression of angiogenic molecules and its relation to prognosis and relapse are unknown.
  • Therefore, we prospectively analyzed 46 pediatric patients with precursor B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia by semi-quantitative RT-PCR for expression of the angiogenic molecules VEGF, VEGF-C, iNOS and TGF-beta and correlated relapse and survival data with the expression of these factors.
  • Angiogenic factors are expressed in the bone marrow of patients with pediatric B cell precursor ALL and VEGF is a potential candidate for therapeutic intervention as it is significantly higher expressed in children with late relapses.
  • The mRNA expression of iNOS in the surviving children possibly reflects an increased activity of the immune system against the leukemia which leads to a superior survival.
  • [MeSH-major] Angiogenic Proteins / biosynthesis. Burkitt Lymphoma / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17143492.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Angiogenic Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Transforming Growth Factor beta; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C; 103107-01-3 / Fibroblast Growth Factor 2; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
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12. Podgornik H, Debeljak M, Zontar D, Cernelc P, Prestor VV, Jazbec J: RUNX1 amplification in lineage conversion of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia to acute myelogenous leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2007 Oct 1;178(1):77-81
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] RUNX1 amplification in lineage conversion of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia to acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • Amplification of RUNX1 (alias AML1) is a recurrent karyotypic abnormality in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) that is generally associated with a poor outcome.
  • It does not occur with other primary chromosomal abnormalities in acute ALL.
  • AML1 amplification in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is a rare secondary event described mainly in therapy-related cases.
  • AML1 amplification was found in a 13-year-old patient with AML M4/M5 leukemia that occurred 5 years after she had been diagnosed with common B-cell ALL.
  • Conventional cytogenetic, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and polymerase chain reaction methods revealed no other chromosomal change expected to occur in a disease that we assumed to be a secondary leukemia.
  • While the first course of chemotherapy successfully eradicated the cell line with the t(12;21), the second cell line with AML1 amplification remained latent during the time of complete remission and reappeared with a different immunophenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Leukemia, B-Cell / genetics. Leukemia, B-Cell / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology


13. Chatterton Z, Morenos L, Saffery R, Craig JM, Ashley D, Wong NC: DNA methylation and miRNA expression profiling in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Epigenomics; 2010 Oct;2(5):697-708
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] DNA methylation and miRNA expression profiling in childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer in children in the modern world.
  • A number of DNA methylation and miRNA profiling studies have investigated the role of both in childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Methylation / physiology. Epigenesis, Genetic / physiology. High-Throughput Screening Assays / methods. MicroRNAs / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / physiopathology

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  • (PMID = 22122053.001).
  • [ISSN] 1750-192X
  • [Journal-full-title] Epigenomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Epigenomics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / MicroRNAs
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14. Zhang LP, Cheng YF, Liu GL, Lu AD, Liu YR, Wang H: [The clinical significance of detecting minimal residual disease in acute childhood B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia with flow cytometry]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi; 2005 Jul;43(7):481-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The clinical significance of detecting minimal residual disease in acute childhood B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia with flow cytometry].
  • OBJECTIVE: Flow cytometry may be used to detect minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia because leukemic cells often display aberrant phenotypes when compared to normal cells.
  • The investigators also aimed to study the value of the detection of MRD by flow cytometry in childhood B-ALL without effective antibody combinations.
  • METHODS: Thirty-six cases of childhood B-ALL with effective antibody combinations were performed MRD analysis after induction therapy.
  • (1) Forty-two cases of childhood B-ALL were screened for antibody combinations of interest and were identified in 86% (36/42) of the cases.
  • CONCLUSION:. (1) Flow cytometry is a sensitive and specific method for detecting MRD of childhood ALL, and could predict the coming relapse. (2) Patients with MRD levels > 10(-3) had poor prognosis. (3) The levels of MRD at month 9 and 12 had prognostic value. (4) The value of antibody combinations consisting of CD(45)/CD(19)/CD(10)/CD(34) and CD(45)/CD(19)/CD(20)/CD(22) should be further investigated in patients without effective antibody combinations.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology. Flow Cytometry. Immunophenotyping. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 16083543.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1310
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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15. Fauzdar A, Mahajan A, Jain D, Mishra M, Raina V: Amplification of RUNX1 gene in two new cases of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A case report. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e21000

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Amplification of RUNX1 gene in two new cases of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A case report.
  • : e21000 Background: Chromosome abnormalities of leukemia cells have important prognostic significance in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) ETV6/RUNX1 (alias TEL/AML1) is most frequent i.e.
  • We report two new cases with Pre B- cell ALL without ETV6/RUNX1 rearrangement, showing amplification of AML1 gene detected by FISH analysis.
  • RESULTS: In first case a 3-year girl with four copies of AML (RUNX1) gene were observed in 95% of the cell with normal two copies of TEL (ETV6) gene in both interphase and metaphase FISH.
  • Bone marrow karyotype in combination with molecular cytogenetic techniques like FISH should be done for improvement in sensitivity and accurate cytogenetic analysis in childhood ALL patients for proper identification of prognostic group for optimum treatment.
  • This is one of the few reported studies worldwide for amplification of RUNX1 gene from Indian subcontinent in childhood BCP-ALL.

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  • (PMID = 27960689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Smith MA, Morton CL, Carol H, Gorlick RG, Kang MH, Keir ST, Kolb EA, Lock RB, Maris JM, Houghton PJ: Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP) testing of the CENP-E inhibitor GSK923295A. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10015

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP) testing of the CENP-E inhibitor GSK923295A.
  • METHODS: The PPTP includes a molecularly characterized in vitro panel of cell lines (n = 27) and in vivo panel of xenografts (n = 60) representing most of the common types of childhood solid tumors and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • RESULTS: GSK923295A demonstrated potent in vitro activity against the PPTP cell line panel with a median IC50 of 27 nM (range 12 nM to > 10 μM).

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  • (PMID = 27962529.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Csinady E, van der Velden VH, Joas R, Fischer S, de Vries JF, Beverloo HB, König M, Pötschger U, van Dongen JJ, Mann G, Haas OA, Panzer-Grümayer ER: Chromosome 14 copy number-dependent IGH gene rearrangement patterns in high hyperdiploid childhood B-cell precursor ALL: implications for leukemia biology and minimal residual disease analysis. Leukemia; 2009 May;23(5):870-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chromosome 14 copy number-dependent IGH gene rearrangement patterns in high hyperdiploid childhood B-cell precursor ALL: implications for leukemia biology and minimal residual disease analysis.
  • Childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP ALL) is generally a clonal disease in which the number of IGH rearrangements per cell does not exceed the number of the IGH alleles on chromosome 14.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Gene Dosage / genetics. Gene Rearrangement. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19148138.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains
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18. Wehrli LA, Braun J, Buetti LN, Hagleitner N, Hengartner H, Kühne T, Lüer S, Ozsahin H, Popovic MB, Niggli FK, Betts DR, Bourquin JP: Non-classical karyotypic features in relapsed childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Feb;189(1):29-36
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Non-classical karyotypic features in relapsed childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Karyotype analysis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) at diagnosis has provided valuable prognostic markers for treatment stratification.
  • We compared the karyotypes from 436 nonselected B-cell precursor ALL patients at initial diagnosis and of 76 patients at first relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Aberrations. Female. Humans. Infant. Karyotyping. Male. Recurrence. Translocation, Genetic. Treatment Outcome


19. Haltrich I, Csóka M, Kovács G, Fekete G: [Intrachromosomal amplification of AML1 gene in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Orv Hetil; 2008 Jun 15;149(24):1143-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Intrachromosomal amplification of AML1 gene in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • [Transliterated title] AML1-gén intrakromoszomális amplifikációja gyermekkori acut lymphoid leukaemiában.
  • The introduction of routine molecular cytogenetic assays enabled us to reveal hitherto unknown genetic disorders of childhood acute leukemias.
  • In our present study we review a novel cytogenetic mutation typical for childhood B-cell ALL, the intrachromosomal amplification of chromosome 21, which requires high-risk therapy irrespective of other risk factors, and which is associated with a cryptic 12;21 translocation of good prognostic value.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 21. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Amplification. Genetic Markers. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18539581.001).
  • [ISSN] 0030-6002
  • [Journal-full-title] Orvosi hetilap
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Orv Hetil
  • [Language] hun
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Hungary
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Genetic Markers; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human
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20. Bernaldez-Rios R, Ortega-Alvarez MC, Perez-Saldivar ML, Alatoma-Medina NE, Del Campo-Martinez Mde L, Rodriguez-Zepeda Mdel C, Montero-Ponce I, Franco-Ornelas S, Fernandez-Castillo G, Nuñez-Villegas NN, Taboada-Flores MA, Flores-Lujano J, Argüelles-Sanchez ME, Juarez-Ocaña S, Fajardo-Gutierrez A, Mejia-Arangure JM: The age incidence of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Mexico City. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Mar;30(3):199-203
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The age incidence of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Mexico City.
  • The objective of this population-based survey was to assess the peak age of incidence of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children in Mexico City (MC).
  • All patients were classified according to their immunophenotype, and only B-cell precursor and T-lineage were analyzed.
  • The frequency of B-cell precursor ALL was 76.1%, whereas T lineage ALL showed a frequency of 23.6%.
  • B-cell precursor ALL was the major contributor to peak age; T lineage ALL showed a peak among 1 and 3 years of age.
  • We conclude that the age peak for children with ALL in MC is within the ranges reported for developed countries and that B-cell precursor ALL is the main contributor to these peak.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 18376281.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Fridberg M, Kjellström S, Anagnostaki L, Skogvall I, Mustelin T, Wiebe T, Persson JL, Dictor M, Wingren AG: Immunohistochemical analyses of phosphatases in childhood B-cell lymphoma: lower expression of PTEN and HePTP and higher number of positive cells for nuclear SHP2 in B-cell lymphoma cases compared to controls. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Sep;25(6):528-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunohistochemical analyses of phosphatases in childhood B-cell lymphoma: lower expression of PTEN and HePTP and higher number of positive cells for nuclear SHP2 in B-cell lymphoma cases compared to controls.
  • Although many pediatric B-cell lymphoma patients are being cured today, much is still unknown about the pathogenesis of this disease.
  • The authors have analyzed 26 pediatric B-cell lymphoma cases for the expression of a panel of phosphatases and report a statistically significant lower expression intensity of PTEN and HePTP and higher nuclear SHP2 expression in B-cell lymphoma cases compared to lymphoid tissue.
  • Knowledge about the expression of key regulatory proteins in pediatric B-cell lymphomas is necessary for revealing the complex molecular background of this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphoma, B-Cell / genetics. PTEN Phosphohydrolase / metabolism. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11 / biosynthesis. Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18728972.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.1.3.48 / PTPN7 protein, human; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Non-Receptor; EC 3.1.3.67 / PTEN Phosphohydrolase
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22. Tassano E, Acquila M, Tavella E, Micalizzi C, Panarello C, Morerio C: MicroRNA-125b-1 and BLID upregulation resulting from a novel IGH translocation in childhood B-Cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2010 Aug;49(8):682-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] MicroRNA-125b-1 and BLID upregulation resulting from a novel IGH translocation in childhood B-Cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Chromosomal translocations involving the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) locus are common abnormalities in mature B-cell neoplasms.
  • Recent findings have also revealed their significant role in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • In this study, we describe a pediatric case of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia showing microRNA-125b-1 (MIR125B1) and BLID gene overexpression, resulting from a novel t(11;14)(q24.1;q32) translocation involving IGH.
  • [MeSH-major] BRCA2 Protein / genetics. Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains / genetics. MicroRNAs / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins. Child. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14 / genetics. Female. Humans. RNA, Messenger / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 20544842.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2264
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins; 0 / BLID protein, human; 0 / BRCA2 Protein; 0 / BRCA2 protein, human; 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; 0 / MIRN125 microRNA, human; 0 / MicroRNAs; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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23. Gudowius S, Recker K, Laws HJ, Dirksen U, Tröger A, Wieczorek U, Furlan S, Göbel U, Hanenberg H: Identification of candidate target antigens for antibody-based immunotherapy in childhood B-cell precursor ALL. Klin Padiatr; 2006 Nov-Dec;218(6):327-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Identification of candidate target antigens for antibody-based immunotherapy in childhood B-cell precursor ALL.
  • BACKGROUND: Contemporary risk adapted treatment protocols for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) rely on accurate risk assessment strategies for disease re-occurrence by incorporating clinical parameters as well as immunological, molecular and cytogenetic features of the blasts at initial manifestation.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: In order to identify target antigen structures, we analyzed the immunological expression profiles of blasts from 181 patients with B-cell precursor ALL treated at our institution in 11 years according to the CoALL-92/97/03 protocols.
  • CD20 was expressed on 11-37 % of B-cell precursor ALL samples.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These analyses clearly identified the three antigens CD19, CD22 and HLA-DR present on blasts in more than 90 % of patients as potential target structures for targeted therapies with native or toxin-bound monoclonal antibodies in childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antigens, CD19 / analysis. Burkitt Lymphoma / immunology. HLA-DR Antigens / analysis. Immunotherapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 2 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 17080335.001).
  • [ISSN] 0300-8630
  • [Journal-full-title] Klinische Pädiatrie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Klin Padiatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 2
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24. Moorman AV, Ensor HM, Richards SM, Chilton L, Schwab C, Kinsey SE, Vora A, Mitchell CD, Harrison CJ: Prognostic effect of chromosomal abnormalities in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: results from the UK Medical Research Council ALL97/99 randomised trial. Lancet Oncol; 2010 May;11(5):429-38
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic effect of chromosomal abnormalities in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: results from the UK Medical Research Council ALL97/99 randomised trial.
  • BACKGROUND: Chromosomal abnormalities in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia are well established disease markers and indicators of outcomes.
  • METHODS: We analysed cytogenetic data from 1725 children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia who were included in the UK Medical Research Council ALL97/99 study and followed up for a median time of 8.2 years.
  • Multivariate analysis incorporating age, white-cell count, and treatment parameters showed that six cytogenetic abnormalities (ETV6-RUNX1, high hyperdiploidy, iAMP21, t(9;22), loss of 13q, and abnormal 17p) retained their significance for effect on relapse risk.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [Copyright] 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Lancet Oncol. 2010 May;11(5):403-4 [20409755.001]
  • [ErratumIn] Lancet Oncol. 2010 Jun;11(6):516
  • (PMID = 20409752.001).
  • [ISSN] 1474-5488
  • [Journal-full-title] The Lancet. Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Lancet Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / G0300130; United Kingdom / Medical Research Council / / MC/ U137686856
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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25. Attias D, Weitzman S: The efficacy of rituximab in high-grade pediatric B-cell lymphoma/leukemia: a review of available evidence. Curr Opin Pediatr; 2008 Feb;20(1):17-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The efficacy of rituximab in high-grade pediatric B-cell lymphoma/leukemia: a review of available evidence.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates whether rituximab has efficacy in high-grade pediatric B-cell lymphoma/leukemia.
  • Current pediatric protocols for CD20+ B-cell lymphoma/leukemia significantly improve survival, but with major morbidity.
  • To assess whether rituximab has efficacy in very high-grade pediatric disease, all published data on rituximab therapy for Burkitt's lymphoma/B acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (B-ALL) and pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory large B-cell lymphoma were reviewed.
  • Minimal pediatric data have been published, but 19 children with mature B-cell lymphoma/B-ALL received rituximab, alone or in combination with chemotherapy, as salvage therapy, after failure of intensive chemotherapy.
  • Although positive reporting bias is suspected, it appears that rituximab, even as monotherapy, has efficacy in heavily pretreated pediatric patients with high-grade B-lymphoma/B-ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18197034.001).
  • [ISSN] 1040-8703
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
  • [Number-of-references] 53
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26. Kikuchi A, Mori T, Fujimoto J, Kumagai M, Sunami S, Okimoto Y, Tsuchida M: Outcome of childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with the Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group NHL B9604 protocol. Leuk Lymphoma; 2008 Apr;49(4):757-62
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Outcome of childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia treated with the Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group NHL B9604 protocol.
  • From June 1996 to January 2001, 91 patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma or B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia up to 18 years of age were enrolled in Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group (TCCSG) NHL B9604 protocol study.
  • The TCCSG NHL B9604 protocol achieved an excellent treatment outcome especially in patients with the most advanced disease (Group D: high BM blast cell burden and/or central nervous system involvement).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy


27. Attarbaschi A, Mann G, König M, Steiner M, Dworzak MN, Gadner H, Haas OA, Austrian Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster Cooperative Study Group: Near-tetraploidy in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a highly specific feature of ETV6/RUNX1-positive leukemic cases. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2006 Jun;45(6):608-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Near-tetraploidy in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a highly specific feature of ETV6/RUNX1-positive leukemic cases.
  • Near-tetraploidy (82-94 chromosomes) makes up fewer than 1% of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases and has been reportedly associated with a possibly poorer prognosis compared with other ploidy groups.
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization revealed that eight of the nine B-cell precursor (BCP) cases and none of the three T-cell ALL cases had an ETV6/RUNX1 rearrangement.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / analysis. Polyploidy. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / analysis. Repressor Proteins / analysis

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16552772.001).
  • [ISSN] 1045-2257
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / Repressor Proteins
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28. He GS, Zhang XH, Yao L, Zhang R, Chen ZX, Wu DP, Sun AN, Jin ZM, Qiu HY, Hu XH: [Acute T cells lymphoblastic leukemia with a t(1;19)(q23;p13) and E2A-PBX1 in an adult: one case report and literature review]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Oct;30(10):675-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Acute T cells lymphoblastic leukemia with a t(1;19)(q23;p13) and E2A-PBX1 in an adult: one case report and literature review].
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a case of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with t(1;19)(q23;pl3) and E2A-PBX1 fusion gene, which is a characteristic translocation of childhood B cell ALL (B-ALL).
  • The leukemic cells expressed T cell markers.
  • CONCLUSION: t(1;19)E2A-PBX1(+) can be implicated in adult T-ALL, besides childhood B-ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Homeodomain Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 19954663.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 146150-85-8 / E2A-Pbx1 fusion protein
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29. Harrison CJ, Haas O, Harbott J, Biondi A, Stanulla M, Trka J, Izraeli S, Biology and Diagnosis Committee of International Berlin-Frankfürt-Münster study group: Detection of prognostically relevant genetic abnormalities in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: recommendations from the Biology and Diagnosis Committee of the International Berlin-Frankfürt-Münster study group. Br J Haematol; 2010 Oct;151(2):132-42
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Detection of prognostically relevant genetic abnormalities in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia: recommendations from the Biology and Diagnosis Committee of the International Berlin-Frankfürt-Münster study group.
  • Treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) has improved considerably in recent years.
  • Here we review the current diagnostic criteria of genetic abnormalities in precursor B-ALL (BCP-ALL), including the relevant technical approaches and the application of the most appropriate methods for the detection of each abnormality.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, B-Cell / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [Copyright] © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
  • (PMID = 20701601.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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30. Mussolin L, Pillon M, Conter V, Piglione M, Lo Nigro L, Pierani P, Micalizzi C, Buffardi S, Basso G, Zanesco L, Rosolen A: Prognostic role of minimal residual disease in mature B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood. J Clin Oncol; 2007 Nov 20;25(33):5254-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic role of minimal residual disease in mature B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood.
  • PURPOSE: To study the prevalence of t(8;14) at diagnosis and the response kinetics to treatment of minimal residual disease (MRD) in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) patients and determine its impact on prognosis.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 68 children affected by de novo B-ALL enrolled onto the Berlin-Frankfurt-Muenster-based Italian Association of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology LNH-97 clinical protocol were studied.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / mortality. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 14. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 8. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18024872.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
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31. Pichler H, Möricke A, Mann G, Teigler-Schlegel A, Niggli F, Nebral K, König M, Inthal A, Krehan D, Dworzak MN, Janousek D, Harbott J, Schrappe M, Gadner H, Strehl S, Haas OA, Panzer-Grümayer R, Attarbaschi A, Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) Study Group: Prognostic relevance of dic(9;20)(p11;q13) in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia treated with Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) protocols containing an intensive induction and post-induction consolidation therapy. Br J Haematol; 2010 Apr;149(1):93-100
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic relevance of dic(9;20)(p11;q13) in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia treated with Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster (BFM) protocols containing an intensive induction and post-induction consolidation therapy.
  • The presence of a dicentric chromosome dic(9;20) has been reported to have an unfavourable prognosis in children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP-ALL).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 20067563.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin; PVDA protocol
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32. Hosking FJ, Papaemmanuil E, Sheridan E, Kinsey SE, Lightfoot T, Roman E, Irving JA, Allan JM, Taylor M, Tomlinson IP, Greaves M, Houlston RS: Genome-wide homozygosity signatures and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk. Blood; 2010 Jun 3;115(22):4472-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Genome-wide homozygosity signatures and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia risk.
  • To examine whether homozygosity is associated with an increased risk of developing childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL), we analyzed 824 ALL cases and 2398 controls genotyped for 292 200 tagging SNPs.

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  • (PMID = 20231427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / 10417; United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / / C1298/A8362
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Receptors, Erythropoietin
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33. Gobbi G, Mirandola P, Malinverno C, Sponzilli I, Carubbi C, Ricci F, Binazzi R, Basso G, Giuliani-Piccari G, Ramazzotti G, Pasquantonio G, Cocco L, Vitale M: Aberrant expression of B203.13 antigen in acute lymphoid leukemia of B-cell origin. Int J Oncol; 2008 Aug;33(2):371-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Aberrant expression of B203.13 antigen in acute lymphoid leukemia of B-cell origin.
  • The B203.13 monoclonal antibody was developed by immunizing mice with the B/monocyte biphenotypic cell line B1b.
  • We tested this antibody as a marker of childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL).
  • The CD10(+)/B203.13(+) phenotype was specific to B-ALL, since CD10(+)/CD20(+) cells from common acute lymphoblastic leukemia (c-ALL) did not express B203.13.
  • We concluded that the use of B203.13 in association with CD10 and CD20 provides meaningful information for distinguishing normal residual B-cells from leukemic B-lymphoblasts and that recurrence of a CD10(+)/B203.13(+) phenotype after transplantation may be a very early relapse indicator of early B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / biosynthesis. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18636158.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-6439
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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34. Wandroo F, Bell A, Darbyshire P, Pratt G, Stankovic T, Gordon J, Lawson S, Moss P: ZAP-70 is highly expressed in most cases of childhood pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Int J Lab Hematol; 2008 Apr;30(2):149-57
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] ZAP-70 is highly expressed in most cases of childhood pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • ZAP-70 is, however, expressed in adult B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia where it correlates with a poor prognosis.
  • We wished to determine if ZAP-70 is also expressed in pediatric B cell malignancy.
  • A quantitative PCR assay for ZAP-70 expression was established and ZAP-70 expression in a range of human B cell lines was compared with expression in the Jurkat T cell line.
  • ZAP-70 expression was then determined in bone marrow lymphoblasts obtained from 12 patients with pre-B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • ZAP-70 expression was not detected in mature B cell lines but was detected in pre-B cell lines at a level comparable to that seen in T cells.
  • ZAP-70 expression was strongly expressed in nine of the 12 cases of primary pre-B cell lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The T cell-associated protein kinase ZAP-70 is highly expressed in pre-B lineage cells and most cases of pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / metabolism. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid / metabolism. ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Blotting, Western. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Cell Line, Transformed. Cell Line, Tumor. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Flow Cytometry. Gene Expression. Humans. Jurkat Cells. Male. Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 18333847.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of laboratory hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Lab Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.2 / ZAP-70 Protein-Tyrosine Kinase; EC 2.7.10.2 / ZAP70 protein, human
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35. Paulsson K, Johansson B: High hyperdiploid childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2009 Aug;48(8):637-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High hyperdiploid childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • High hyperdiploidy (51-67 chromosomes) is the most common cytogenetic abnormality pattern in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), occurring in 25-30% of such cases.
  • Despite the high frequency of this karyotypic subgroup, many questions remain regarding the epidemiology, etiology, presence of other genetic changes, the time and cell of origin, and the formation and pathogenetic consequences of high hyperdiploidy.
  • However, during the last few years, several studies have addressed some of these important issues, and these, as well as previous reports on high hyperdiploid childhood ALL, are reviewed herein.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Diploidy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma

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  • (PMID = 19415723.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2264
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 195
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36. Crazzolara R, Cisterne A, Thien M, Hewson J, Baraz R, Bradstock KF, Bendall LJ: Potentiating effects of RAD001 (Everolimus) on vincristine therapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2009 Apr 2;113(14):3297-306
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Potentiating effects of RAD001 (Everolimus) on vincristine therapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Despite advances in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the majority of children who relapse still die of ALL.
  • We investigated the effects of the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor, RAD001 (Everolimus), in a nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency model of human childhood B-cell progenitor ALL.
  • RAD001 induced a cell-cycle arrest in the G(0/1) phase with associated dephosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein, and reduced levels of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6.
  • In conclusion, we have demonstrated activity of RAD001 in an in vivo leukemia model supporting further clinical development of target of rapamycin inhibitors for the treatment of patients with ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Sirolimus / analogs & derivatives. Vincristine / administration & dosage


37. Lee DS, Kim YR, Cho HK, Lee CK, Lee JH, Cho HI: The presence of TEL/AML1 rearrangement and cryptic deletion of the TEL gene in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2005 Oct 15;162(2):176-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The presence of TEL/AML1 rearrangement and cryptic deletion of the TEL gene in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • TEL/AML1 (also known as ETV6/RUNX1) rearrangement is the most frequent genetic change in childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and is associated with a favorable prognosis.
  • TEL/AML1 rearrangement is not unique in childhood ALL, and cryptic TEL deletion without TEL/AML1 rearrangement was more frequent than the TEL/AML1 rearrangement in adult ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Deletion. Gene Rearrangement. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16213368.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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38. Azevedo-Silva F, Camargo Bd, Pombo-de-Oliveira MS: Implications of infectious diseases and the adrenal hypothesis for the etiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Braz J Med Biol Res; 2010 Mar;43(3):226-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Implications of infectious diseases and the adrenal hypothesis for the etiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute leukemia is the most frequent cancer in children.
  • Recently, a new hypothesis was proposed for the pathogenesis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • The so-called 'adrenal hypothesis' emphasized the role of endogenous cortisol in the etiology of B-cell precursor ALL.
  • The adrenal hypothesis proposes that the risk of childhood B-cell precursor ALL is reduced when early childhood infections induce qualitative and quantitative changes in the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis.


39. Fais F, Tenca C, Cimino G, Coletti V, Zanardi S, Bagnara D, Saverino D, Zarcone D, De Rossi G, Ciccone E, Grossi CE: CD1d expression on B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia subsets with poor prognosis. Leukemia; 2005 Apr;19(4):551-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] CD1d expression on B-precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia subsets with poor prognosis.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most frequent malignancy of childhood.
  • We investigated CD1d expression in 80 pediatric B-cell precursor (BCP) ALL cases defined according to immunophenotype, cytogenetic features and age at onset.
  • CD1d+ ALLs were significantly associated with infant leukemia, pro-B phenotype and mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)/AF4 gene rearrangement.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD1 / metabolism. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD1d. B-Lymphocytes / cytology. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Cell Communication. Cell Line. Child. Galactosylceramides / metabolism. Humans. Infant. Killer Cells, Natural / cytology. Killer Cells, Natural / metabolism. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 15744356.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD1; 0 / Antigens, CD1d; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / CD1D protein, human; 0 / Galactosylceramides; 0 / alpha-galactosylceramide
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40. Ye QD, Gu LJ, Tang JY, Xue HL, Chen J, Pan C, Chen J, Dong L, Zhou M: [ALL-XH-99 protocol in the treatment of childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Jan;30(1):26-8
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  • [Title] [ALL-XH-99 protocol in the treatment of childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence, clinical characteristics and prognosis of childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).
  • RESULTS: Of 305 childhood ALL patients, 43 were T-ALL.
  • In comparison with that of B cell ALL (B-ALL), the percentages of age older than 10 years, initial WBC count more than 50 x 10(9)/ L, prednisone poor response (PPR), and failed to achieve remission at day 19 of induction chemotherapy in the T-ALLs were all higher.
  • CONCLUSION: There were statistic differences between T-cell and B-cell childhood ALLs in age, initial WBC count, early response to therapy, and eight-year EFS and RFS.
  • Childhood T-ALL was associated with a worse prognosis than other sub-types of childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Infant. Karyotyping. Male. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 19563031.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
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41. Shalapour S, Eckert C, Seeger K, Pfau M, Prada J, Henze G, Blankenstein T, Kammertoens T: Leukemia-associated genetic aberrations in mesenchymal stem cells of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Mol Med (Berl); 2010 Mar;88(3):249-65
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  • [Title] Leukemia-associated genetic aberrations in mesenchymal stem cells of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is caused by malignant immature lymphocytes.
  • Even though childhood ALL can be cured in a large number of patients, around 20% of the patients suffer a relapse after chemotherapy.
  • Given the high plasticity of cells, we searched for leukemia-associated genetic aberrations and immunoglobulin (IG) gene rearrangements in mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from childhood B-cell precursor ALL patients.
  • MSC from all ten ALL patients analyzed presented the chromosomal translocations that had been detected in leukemia cells (TEL-AML1, E2A-PBX1, or MLL rearrangement).
  • Leukemia-specific IG gene rearrangements were detected in the MSC from three ALL patients.
  • The detection of leukemia-associated genetic aberrations in MSC indicates a clonal relationship between MSC and leukemia cells and suggests their involvement in the pathogenesis and/or pathophysiology of childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Mesenchymal Stromal Cells / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • [CommentIn] J Mol Med (Berl). 2010 Mar;88(3):219-22 [20135087.001]
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  • (PMID = 20155409.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-1440
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Mol. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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42. Goto H, Naruto T, Tanoshima R, Kato H, Yokosuka T, Yanagimachi M, Fujii H, Yokota S, Komine H: Chemo-sensitivity in a panel of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines, YCUB series, derived from children. Leuk Res; 2009 Oct;33(10):1386-91
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chemo-sensitivity in a panel of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell lines, YCUB series, derived from children.
  • Sensitivity to 10 anticancer drugs was evaluated in 6 childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) cell lines.
  • Authenticity of newly established cell lines was confirmed by genomic fingerprinting.
  • This cell line panel offers an in vitro model for the development of new therapies for childhood BCP-ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / pathology. DNA Fingerprinting / methods. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Cell Division / drug effects. Cell Line, Tumor / drug effects. Cell Survival / drug effects. Child. Child, Preschool. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Leukocyte Count. Male. Prednisolone / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 19157546.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone
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43. Steiner M, Attarbaschi A, König M, Nebral K, Gadner H, Haas OA, Mann G, Austrian Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster Group: Equal frequency of TEL/AML1 rearrangements in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia with and without Down syndrome. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Apr-May;22(3):229-34
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  • [Title] Equal frequency of TEL/AML1 rearrangements in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia with and without Down syndrome.
  • Constitutional trisomy 21 is the most prominent predisposing factor to childhood leukemia, whereas the t(12;21)(p13;q22) with its molecular genetic counterpart, the TEL/AML1 fusion gene, is the most common acquired chromosomal rearrangement in childhood B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Accordingly, they were able to analyze 8 of 10 individuals with DS and a BCP ALL, two of whom who suffered from a TEL/AML1+ leukemia.
  • Based on this observation they concluded that individuals with BCP leukemia and a constitutional trisomy 21 may have similar likelihood to have a TEL/AML1 rearrangement as BCP ALL patients without this specific predisposing factor.
  • [MeSH-major] Down Syndrome / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [RepublishedFrom] Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2005 Jan-Feb;22(1):11-6 [15770827.001]
  • (PMID = 16020107.001).
  • [ISSN] 0888-0018
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Corrected and Republished Article; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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44. Cardone M, Kandilci A, Carella C, Nilsson JA, Brennan JA, Sirma S, Ozbek U, Boyd K, Cleveland JL, Grosveld GC: The novel ETS factor TEL2 cooperates with Myc in B lymphomagenesis. Mol Cell Biol; 2005 Mar;25(6):2395-405
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  • The human ETS family gene TEL2/ETV7 is highly homologous to TEL1/ETV6, a frequent target of chromosome translocations in human leukemia and specific solid tumors.
  • Although TEL2 is infrequently up-regulated in human sporadic Burkitt's lymphoma, analysis of pediatric B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) samples showed increased coexpression of TEL2 and MYC and/or MYCN in over one-third of B-ALL patients.
  • Therefore, TEL2 and MYC also appear to cooperate in provoking a cadre of human B-cell malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 15743832.001).
  • [ISSN] 0270-7306
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Biol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA076379; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA76379-07; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA21765; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01-CA72999-08
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / ETV7 protein, human; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc; 0 / Transcription Factors; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1061619
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45. Jalali GR, An Q, Konn ZJ, Worley H, Wright SL, Harrison CJ, Strefford JC, Martineau M: Disruption of ETV6 in intron 2 results in upregulatory and insertional events in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Leukemia; 2008 Jan;22(1):114-23

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Disruption of ETV6 in intron 2 results in upregulatory and insertional events in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
  • We describe four cases of childhood B-cell progenitor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP-ALL) and one of T-cell (T-ALL) with unexpected numbers of interphase signals for ETV6 with an ETV6-RUNX1 fusion probe.
  • Fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and Molecular Copy-Number Counting (MCC) results were concordant for the T-cell case.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Introns / genetics. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17972957.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / TLX3 protein, human
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46. Krstic AD, Impera L, Guc-Scekic M, Lakic N, Djokic D, Slavkovic B, Storlazzi CT: A complex rearrangement involving cryptic deletion of ETV6 and CDKN1B genes in a case of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2009 Dec;195(2):125-31
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  • [Title] A complex rearrangement involving cryptic deletion of ETV6 and CDKN1B genes in a case of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We report on a case of childhood B-cell lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • The deleted segment on 12p contains several genes, among the tumor suppressor genes ETV6 and CDKN1B, which are frequently involved in 12p abnormalities in childhood ALL.
  • Thus, the present study documents the loss of both ETV6 and CDKN1B genes accompanying the occurrence of a complex rearrangement involving chromosomes 3 and 12 in a case of childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Deletion. Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics

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  • [ErratumIn] Cancer Genet Cytogenet. 2010 Apr 1;198(1):76
  • (PMID = 19963112.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CDKN1B protein, human; 0 / ETS translocation variant 6 protein; 0 / Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ets; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 147604-94-2 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p27
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47. Steiner M, Attarbaschi A, König M, Gadner H, Haas OA, Mann G: Equal frequency of TEL/AML1+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children with and without Down syndrome. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Jan-Feb;22(1):11-6
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  • [Title] Equal frequency of TEL/AML1+ acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children with and without Down syndrome.
  • Constitutional trisomy 21 is the most prominent predisposing factor to childhood leukemia, whereas the t(12;21)(p13;q22) with its molecular genetic counterpart, the TEL/AML1 fusion gene, is the most common acquired chromosomal rearrangement in childhood B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Accordingly, they were able to analyze 8 of 10 individuals with DS and a BCP ALL, including 2 who suffered from a TEL/AML1+ leukemia.
  • Based on this observation we concluded that individuals with a constitutional trisomy 21 may have the similar likelihood to develop a TEL/AML1+ leukemia as BCP ALL patients without this specific predisposingfactor.
  • [MeSH-major] Down Syndrome / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [RepublishedIn] Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2005 Apr-May;22(3):229-34 [16020107.001]
  • (PMID = 15770827.001).
  • [ISSN] 0888-0018
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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48. Peter A, Heiden T, Taube T, Körner G, Seeger K: Interphase FISH on TEL/AML1 positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapses--analysis of clinical relevance of additional TEL and AML1 copy number changes. Eur J Haematol; 2009 Nov;83(5):420-32
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  • [Title] Interphase FISH on TEL/AML1 positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia relapses--analysis of clinical relevance of additional TEL and AML1 copy number changes.
  • OBJECTIVES: TEL/AML1 (ETV6/RUNX1) fusion resulting from the translocation t(12;21)(p13;q22) constitutes the most common chimeric fusion gene in initial childhood B-cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (19-27%) and has been associated with good prognosis.
  • They also show that it is important to consider combined mutations in the analysis of this leukemia entity.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Dosage. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Interphase. Mutation. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19594616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0609
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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49. Cairo MS, Gerrard M, Sposto R, Auperin A, Pinkerton CR, Michon J, Weston C, Perkins SL, Raphael M, McCarthy K, Patte C, FAB LMB96 International Study Committee: Results of a randomized international study of high-risk central nervous system B non-Hodgkin lymphoma and B acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children and adolescents. Blood; 2007 Apr 1;109(7):2736-43
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  • [Title] Results of a randomized international study of high-risk central nervous system B non-Hodgkin lymphoma and B acute lymphoblastic leukemia in children and adolescents.
  • The prognosis for higher risk childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma has improved over the past 20 years but the optimal intensity of treatment has yet to be determined.
  • Children 21 years old or younger with newly diagnosed B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma/B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-NHL/B-ALL) with higher risk factors (bone marrow [BM] with or without CNS involvement) were randomized to standard intensity French-American-British/Lymphoma Malignancy B (FAB/LMB) therapy or reduced intensity (reduced cytarabine plus etoposide and deletion of 3 maintenance courses M2, M3, M4).
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / drug therapy. Central Nervous System Neoplasms / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy


50. Forestier E, Gauffin F, Andersen MK, Autio K, Borgström G, Golovleva I, Gustafsson B, Heim S, Heinonen K, Heyman M, Hovland R, Johannsson JH, Kerndrup G, Rosenquist R, Schoumans J, Swolin B, Johansson B, Nordgren A, Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Swedish Cytogenetic Leukemia Study Group, NOPHO Leukemia Cytogenetic Study Group: Clinical and cytogenetic features of pediatric dic(9;20)(p13.2;q11.2)-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias: a Nordic series of 24 cases and review of the literature. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2008 Feb;47(2):149-58
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  • [Title] Clinical and cytogenetic features of pediatric dic(9;20)(p13.2;q11.2)-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias: a Nordic series of 24 cases and review of the literature.
  • Although dic(9;20)(p13.2;q11.2) is a characteristic abnormality in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemias (BCP ALL), little is known about its clinical impact or the type and frequency of additional aberrations it may occur together with.
  • We here review the clinical and cytogenetic features of a Nordic pediatric series of 24 patients with dic(9;20)-positive BCP ALL diagnosed 1996-2006, constituting 1.3% of the BCP ALL, as well as 47 childhood cases from the literature.
  • Consistent immunophenotypic features of the Nordic cases included positivity for HLA-DR, CD10, CD19, CD20, and CD22 and negativity for T-cell and myeloid markers; no detailed immunophenotypes were reported for the previously published cases.
  • The median patient age was 3 years, the female/male ratio was 2.0, the median white blood cell count was 24 x 10(9)/l, 11% had central nervous system involvement, and 5% had a mediastinal mass at diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 20 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9 / genetics. Cytogenetics. Leukemia, B-Cell / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17990329.001).
  • [ISSN] 1098-2264
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 38
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51. Boublikova L, Kalinova M, Ryan J, Quinn F, O'Marcaigh A, Smith O, Browne P, Stary J, McCann SR, Trka J, Lawler M: Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) expression in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a wide range of WT1 expression levels, its impact on prognosis and minimal residual disease monitoring. Leukemia; 2006 Feb;20(2):254-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) expression in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a wide range of WT1 expression levels, its impact on prognosis and minimal residual disease monitoring.
  • Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) is overexpressed in the majority (70-90%) of acute leukemias and has been identified as an independent adverse prognostic factor, a convenient minimal residual disease (MRD) marker and potential therapeutic target in acute leukemia.
  • We examined WT1 expression patterns in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), where its clinical implication remains unclear.
  • Using a real-time quantitative PCR designed according to Europe Against Cancer Program recommendations, we evaluated WT1 expression in 125 consecutively enrolled patients with childhood ALL (106 BCP-ALL, 19 T-ALL) and compared it with physiologic WT1 expression in normal and regenerating bone marrow (BM).
  • In childhood B-cell precursor (BCP)-ALL, we detected a wide range of WT1 levels (5 logs) with a median WT1 expression close to that of normal BM.
  • WT1 expression in childhood T-ALL was significantly higher than in BCP-ALL (P<0.001).
  • In summary, our study suggests that WT1 expression in childhood ALL is very variable and much lower than in AML or adult ALL.
  • WT1, thus, will not be a useful marker for MRD detection in childhood ALL, however, it does represent a potential independent risk factor in childhood ALL.
  • Interestingly, a proportion of childhood ALL patients express WT1 at levels below the normal physiological BM WT1 expression, and this reduced WT1 expression appears to be associated with a higher risk of relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Molecular Diagnostic Techniques / methods. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. WT1 Proteins / genetics


52. Cox CV, Blair A: A primitive cell origin for B-cell precursor ALL? Stem Cell Rev; 2005;1(3):189-96

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A primitive cell origin for B-cell precursor ALL?
  • A stem cell origin has been described for both acute and chronic myelogenous leukemias.
  • In contrast, childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is thought to arise in committed B-lineage cells.
  • Evidence suggests that some subtypes of childhood ALL have a primitive cell origin and share many immunophenotypic characteristics with normal progenitor cells.
  • These leukemic stem cells may be resistant to current therapeutic strategies designed to kill the bulk ALL cell population and subsequent relapses may arise from this population.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, Neoplasm / immunology. Biomarkers, Tumor / immunology. Burkitt Lymphoma / immunology. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic / immunology. Neoplastic Stem Cells / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. B-Lymphocytes / immunology. B-Lymphocytes / pathology. Cell Proliferation. Humans. Recurrence

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  • (PMID = 17142855.001).
  • [ISSN] 1550-8943
  • [Journal-full-title] Stem cell reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Stem Cell Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
  • [Number-of-references] 54
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53. Jetsrisuparb A, Wiangnon S, Komvilaisak P, Kularbkaew C, Yutanawiboonchai W, Mairieng E: Rituximab combined with CHOP for successful treatment of aggressive recurrent, pediatric B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Apr;27(4):223-6
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  • [Title] Rituximab combined with CHOP for successful treatment of aggressive recurrent, pediatric B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • This report is the first to describe the successful treatment of a 14-year-old boy with aggressive recurrent, CD20-positive, B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Rituximab and CHOP in addition to chemotherapy may be an alternative treatment for aggressive recurrent, pediatric CD20-positive B-cell large cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma if highly intensive chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation are not available.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 15838396.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; CHOP protocol
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54. Dworzak MN, Schumich A, Printz D, Pötschger U, Husak Z, Attarbaschi A, Basso G, Gaipa G, Ratei R, Mann G, Gadner H: CD20 up-regulation in pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia during induction treatment: setting the stage for anti-CD20 directed immunotherapy. Blood; 2008 Nov 15;112(10):3982-8
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  • [Title] CD20 up-regulation in pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia during induction treatment: setting the stage for anti-CD20 directed immunotherapy.
  • CD20 is expressed in approximately one- half of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cases with B-cell precursor (BCP) origin.
  • To understand the impact of this on the potential effectiveness of anti-CD20 immunotherapy, we studied 237 CD10(+) pediatric BCP-ALL patients with Berlin-Frankfurt-Munster (BFM)-type therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antigens, CD20 / biosynthesis. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic / drug effects. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18780832.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00430118
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin; PVDA protocol
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2581996
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55. Karadeniz C, Oguz A, Citak EC, Uluoglu O, Okur V, Demirci S, Okur A, Aksakal N: Clinical characteristics and treatment results of pediatric B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients in a single center. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2007 Sep;24(6):417-30
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  • [Title] Clinical characteristics and treatment results of pediatric B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma patients in a single center.
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the clinical characteristics of the B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) patients and therapeutic efficacy of modified NHL BFM-90 and NHL BFM-95 protocols in the authors' center.
  • Forty-five patients were treated with modified B-cell BFM-90 and 16 patients were treated with B-cell BFM-95 regimens.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 17710659.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Diuretics; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 63CZ7GJN5I / Allopurinol; 8MDF5V39QO / Sodium Bicarbonate; EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase; Q573I9DVLP / Leucovorin; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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56. Ahmad N, Zaidi A, Badar F, Maaz AU, Akram MS: Clinical characteristics and outcome analysis of pediatric B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience with FAB-LMB 96 and UKCCSG B-cell NHL guidelines in a developing country. Asia Pac J Clin Oncol; 2010 Mar;6(1):49-56

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical characteristics and outcome analysis of pediatric B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Experience with FAB-LMB 96 and UKCCSG B-cell NHL guidelines in a developing country.
  • AIM: To analyze the clinical characteristics of B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) patients and the therapeutic efficacy of French-American-British Lymphoma Malins de Burkitt 96 and the recent United Kingdom Children's Cancer Study Group B-cell NHL guidelines in the tertiary care hospital of a developing country.
  • METHODS: Patients aged < or =18 years registered at our hospital between January 1995 and December 2006 with histologically proved B-Cell NHL were selected for retrospective analysis.
  • Of these 95 had Burkitt's lymphoma, 22 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and five had B-cell NHL not otherwise specified.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Lymphoma, B-Cell / drug therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / mortality. Practice Guidelines as Topic

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  • (PMID = 20398038.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-7563
  • [Journal-full-title] Asia-Pacific journal of clinical oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asia Pac J Clin Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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57. Taylor M, Harrison C, Eden T, Birch J, Greaves M, Lightfoot T, Hussain A, UKCCS Investigators: HLA-DPB1 supertype-associated protection from childhood leukaemia: relationship to leukaemia karyotype and implications for prevention. Cancer Immunol Immunother; 2008 Jan;57(1):53-61
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] HLA-DPB1 supertype-associated protection from childhood leukaemia: relationship to leukaemia karyotype and implications for prevention.
  • Most childhood B cell precursor (BCP) acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) cases carry the reciprocal translocation t(12;21)(p13;q22) ( approximately 25%), or a high hyperdiploid (HeH) karyotype (30%).
  • Based on our previous analysis of HLA-DP in childhood ALL, and evidence from in vitro studies that TEL-AML1 can activate HLA-DP-restricted T cell responses, we hypothesised that the development of TEL-AML1+ ALL might be influenced by the child's DPB1 genotype.
  • To test this, we analysed the frequency of six HLA-DPB1 supertypes in a population-based series of childhood leukaemias (n = 776) classified by their karyotype (TEL-AML1+, HeH and others), in comparison with newborn controls (n = 864).
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Genetic Predisposition to Disease. HLA-DP Antigens / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 17622527.001).
  • [ISSN] 0340-7004
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer immunology, immunotherapy : CII
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Immunol. Immunother.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / HLA-DP Antigens; 0 / HLA-DP beta-Chains; 0 / HLA-DPB1 antigen; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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58. Forestier E, Andersen MK, Autio K, Blennow E, Borgström G, Golovleva I, Heim S, Heinonen K, Hovland R, Johannsson JH, Kerndrup G, Nordgren A, Rosenquist R, Swolin B, Johansson B, Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (NOPHO), Swedish Cytogenetic Leukemia Study Group (SCLSG), NOPHO Leukemia Cytogenetic Study Group (NLCSG): Cytogenetic patterns in ETV6/RUNX1-positive pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A Nordic series of 245 cases and review of the literature. Genes Chromosomes Cancer; 2007 May;46(5):440-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytogenetic patterns in ETV6/RUNX1-positive pediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A Nordic series of 245 cases and review of the literature.
  • Between 1992 and 2004, 1,140 children (1 to<15 years) were diagnosed with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Nordic countries.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Lymphoid / genetics. Transcription Factors / genetics

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17285576.001).
  • [ISSN] 1045-2257
  • [Journal-full-title] Genes, chromosomes & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Genes Chromosomes Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / ETV1 protein, human; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors
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59. Taylor GM, Hussain A, Verhage V, Thompson PD, Fergusson WD, Watkins G, Lightfoot T, Harrison CJ, Birch JM, UKCCS Investigators: Strong association of the HLA-DP6 supertype with childhood leukaemia is due to a single allele, DPB1*0601. Leukemia; 2009 May;23(5):863-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Strong association of the HLA-DP6 supertype with childhood leukaemia is due to a single allele, DPB1*0601.
  • We previously reported that susceptibility to childhood B cell precursor ALL (BCP ALL) is associated with HLA-DPB1 alleles having glutamic acid (E) rather than lysine (K) in the P4 antigenic peptide-binding pocket.
  • Here, we report that only one of seven alleles with the DP6 supertype (DPB1(*)0601) is associated with childhood leukaemia (leukaemia vs controls: odds ratio, 95% confidence interval [OR, CI]: 4.6, 2.0-10.4; corrected P=0.019), but not with childhood solid tumours or lymphomas.
  • Sequencing the coding region of DPB1(*)0601 revealed an exon 1-4 haplotype [T-DEAV-KIL-RVI] shared with DPB1(*)0301 and 0901, but no evidence of germline mutations in childhood leukaemia.
  • These results suggest that the DPbeta0601 molecule may be functionally involved in childhood leukaemia.
  • Analysis of peptide binding and T-cell activation by DPbeta0601-peptide complexes should help determine its role in childhood leukaemia causation.
  • [MeSH-major] HLA-DP Antigens / genetics. Haplotypes / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19148140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United Kingdom / Cancer Research UK / /
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA-DP Antigens; 0 / HLA-DP beta-Chains; 0 / HLA-DPB1 antigen
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60. D'Amico G, Bonamino M, Dander E, Marin V, Basso G, Balduzzi A, Biagi E, Biondi A: T cells stimulated by CD40L positive leukemic blasts-pulsed dendritic cells meet optimal functional requirements for adoptive T-cell therapy. Leukemia; 2006 Nov;20(11):2015-24

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  • [Title] T cells stimulated by CD40L positive leukemic blasts-pulsed dendritic cells meet optimal functional requirements for adoptive T-cell therapy.
  • Adoptive T-cell immunotherapy may provide complementary therapy for childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL).
  • In this study, we have analyzed the functional characteristics of anti-BCP-ALL effector T cells generated by co-culturing T lymphocytes and dendritic cells (DC) from allogeneic human stem cell transplantation (HSCT) donors.
  • Anti-BCP-ALL T cells expressed CD49d and CXCR4 (implicated in the recruitment to bone marrow), and CD62L and CCR7 (involved in the migration to lymphoid organs).
  • These effectors are fully equipped to reach leukemia-infiltrated tissues and have characteristics to support and orchestrate the anti-tumor immune-response.
  • [MeSH-major] Adoptive Transfer / methods. CD40 Ligand / metabolism. Dendritic Cells / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Th1 Cells / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigen-Presenting Cells / cytology. Antigen-Presenting Cells / immunology. B-Lymphocytes / cytology. B-Lymphocytes / immunology. Bone Marrow Cells / cytology. Cell Communication / immunology. Cell Lineage / immunology. Cell Movement / immunology. Cells, Cultured. Child. Coculture Techniques. Humans. Immunologic Memory. Immunophenotyping

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  • (PMID = 16990769.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 147205-72-9 / CD40 Ligand
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61. Liu Y, Li ZG, Zhao W, Li B, Gong WY, Wu MY: [Immunophenotypic characteristics of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia carrying TEL-AML1 fusion gene]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Aug;14(4):714-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Immunophenotypic characteristics of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia carrying TEL-AML1 fusion gene].
  • To investigate the immunological and other clinical characteristics in TEL/AML1+ childhood B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), immunophenotyping was performed with three-color flow cytometry, and the expression of TEL-AML1 fusion gene was detected with nested RT-PCR.
  • (2) compared with TEL-AML1- group, no significant difference was found in age, gender, white cell count and blasts count in peripheral blood of TEL-AML1+;.
  • It is concluded that TEL-AML1 rearrangement is a frequent molecular abnormality in childhood ALL.
  • These characteristics may be useful in detection of minimal residual leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 16928306.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein; EC 3.4.11.2 / Antigens, CD13
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62. Olsen M, Madsen HO, Hjalgrim H, Gregers J, Rostgaard K, Schmiegelow K: Preleukemic TEL-AML1-positive clones at cell level of 10(-3) to 10(-4) do not persist into adulthood. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2006 Nov;28(11):734-40

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Preleukemic TEL-AML1-positive clones at cell level of 10(-3) to 10(-4) do not persist into adulthood.
  • The TEL-AML1 translocation, t(12;21)(p13;q22), is one of the most frequent genetic aberrations in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), where it occurs in 25% of all cases.
  • Evidence suggests that the TEL-AML1 translocation occurs in utero in 1% of all newborn children at cell levels of 10 to 10.
  • The observed prevalence of TEL-AML1-positive cells in healthy adults is of the same order of magnitude as the prevalence reported in healthy newborns, but the observed cell level of 10 to 10 is much lower.
  • These data indicates that prenatal TEL-AML1 subclones does not persist throughout adult life at cell levels of 10 to 10.
  • The findings are compatible with the risk of t(12;21)(p13;q22) ALL correlating with the total number of TEL-AML1-positive cells in peripheral blood in both childhood and adulthood.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Blood Donors. Child. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Nucleic Acid Hybridization / methods. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 17114960.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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63. Han X, Bueso-Ramos CE: Precursor T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoblastic lymphoma and acute biphenotypic leukemias. Am J Clin Pathol; 2007 Apr;127(4):528-44
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  • [Title] Precursor T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoblastic lymphoma and acute biphenotypic leukemias.
  • Session 4 of the 2005 Society of Hematopathology/European Association for Haematopathology Workshop focused on case presentations of precursor T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoblastic lymphoma (pre-T ALL/LBL) and acute biphenotypic leukemia.
  • Pre-T ALL represents approximately 15% of childhood and 25% of adult ALL cases.
  • Acute biphenotypic leukemias are characterized by a single population of blasts that express myeloid, T- or B-lineage antigens in various combinations and account for fewer than 4% of all acute leukemias.
  • An accurate diagnosis of pre-T ALL/LBL and acute biphenotypic leukemia requires a multiparametric approach, including examination of morphologic features, immunophenotype, clinical characteristics, and cytogenetic and molecular findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Leukemia, Lymphoid / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis


64. Schoumans J, Johansson B, Corcoran M, Kuchinskaya E, Golovleva I, Grandér D, Forestier E, Staaf J, Borg A, Gustafsson B, Blennow E, Nordgren A: Characterisation of dic(9;20)(p11-13;q11) in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia by tiling resolution array-based comparative genomic hybridisation reveals clustered breakpoints at 9p13.2 and 20q11.2. Br J Haematol; 2006 Nov;135(4):492-9
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  • [Title] Characterisation of dic(9;20)(p11-13;q11) in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia by tiling resolution array-based comparative genomic hybridisation reveals clustered breakpoints at 9p13.2 and 20q11.2.
  • Although the dic(9;20)(p11-13;q11) is a recurrent chromosomal abnormality in paediatric B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (BCP ALL), occurring in approximately 2% of the cases, its molecular genetic consequences have not been elucidated.
  • In the present study, high-resolution genome-wide array-based comparative genomic hybridisation (array-CGH) and fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) were used to characterise the 9p and 20q breakpoints (BPs) in seven childhood BCP ALLs with dic(9;20), which was shown to be unbalanced in all of them, resulting in loss of 9p13.2-pter.
  • One of the ALLs, shown to have a complex dic(9;20), was further investigated by FISH, revealing a rearrangement of the haemapoietic cell kinase isoform p61 (HCK) gene at 20q11.

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  • (PMID = 16999846.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm
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65. Fujita N, Mori T, Mitsui T, Inada H, Horibe K, Tsurusawa M, Lymphoma Committee of the Japanese Pediatric Leukemia/Lymphoma Study Group: The role of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with relapsed or primary refractory childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and mature B-cell leukemia: a retrospective analysis of enrolled cases in Japan. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Aug;51(2):188-92
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The role of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with relapsed or primary refractory childhood B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma and mature B-cell leukemia: a retrospective analysis of enrolled cases in Japan.
  • BACKGROUND: There have been excellent treatment results for children with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL) and mature B-cell leukemia (B-ALL) in the last few decades.
  • Among 18 patients who had a chemotherapy-sensitive disease, 4 of 5 patients who underwent hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) during remission survived without progression, while 3 of 12 patients who did not receive HSCT were alive without disease progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, B-Cell / therapy. Lymphoma, B-Cell / therapy


66. Liu Y: [Prognosis prediction for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia--review]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Feb;15(1):202-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Prognosis prediction for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia--review].
  • Contemporary risk-directed therapy has advanced the cure rate for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia to near 80%.
  • The risk factors and systems of assessment in prognosis prediction for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia were summarised in this review.

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  • (PMID = 17490555.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Number-of-references] 22
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67. De Moerloose B: [The prognostic significance of P-glycoprotein in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and neuroblastoma]. Verh K Acad Geneeskd Belg; 2005;67(1):45-54
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  • [Title] [The prognostic significance of P-glycoprotein in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and neuroblastoma].
  • [Transliterated title] Het prognostisch belang van P-glycoproteine bij kinderen met acute lymfoblasten leukemie en neuroblastomen.
  • P-glycoprotein (P-gp), a pump located in the cell membrane, extrudes several clinically important drugs from the cell, and hence causes multidrug resistance (MDR).
  • In this study, we tried to elucidate the prognostic relevance of P-gp in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and neuroblastoma.
  • In a first prospective study in childhood ALL, an immunocytochemical APAAP assay was applied.
  • Unlike the findings in childhood ALL, P-gp does not contribute to MDR in neuroblastoma but seems to be a marker of differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Neuroblastoma / drug therapy. P-Glycoprotein / physiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 15828306.001).
  • [ISSN] 0302-6469
  • [Journal-full-title] Verhandelingen - Koninklijke Academie voor Geneeskunde van België
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Verh. K. Acad. Geneeskd. Belg.
  • [Language] dut
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Belgium
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / P-Glycoprotein
  • [Number-of-references] 19
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68. Styczynski J, Kurylak A, Wysocki M: Cytotoxicity of cortivazol in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Anticancer Res; 2005 May-Jun;25(3B):2253-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytotoxicity of cortivazol in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Glucocorticoids are the most important group of drugs used in the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), however, resistance to this group remains the main obstacle in curing the disease.
  • AIM: Analysis of ex vivo sensitivity to cortivazol and other glucocorticoids in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, as well as the relationship to anticancer therapy outcome.
  • Cell cycle before and after ex vivo glucocorticoid treatment was analyzed by flow cytometry.
  • CVZ, like other glucocorticoids, caused cell cycle arrest in the GI-phase, and increased the percentage of apoptotic cells to a greater extent than other glucocorticoids.
  • CONCLUSION: Cortivazol has potent antileukemic activity in childhood ALL.
  • Its activity is related to cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Pregnatrienes / pharmacology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Cell Cycle / drug effects. Child. Child, Preschool. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Female. Glucocorticoids / pharmacology. Humans. Infant. Lymphocytes / drug effects. Lymphocytes / pathology. Male. Prednisolone / pharmacology. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 16158972.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Glucocorticoids; 0 / Pregnatrienes; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; YM183K0H63 / cortivazol
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69. Settin A, Al Haggar M, Al Dosoky T, Al Baz R, Abdelrazik N, Fouda M, Aref S, Al-Tonbary Y: Prognostic cytogenetic markers in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Indian J Pediatr; 2007 Mar;74(3):255-63
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  • [Title] Prognostic cytogenetic markers in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) showing resistance to immediate induction chemotherapy in relation to conventional and advanced cytogenetic analysis.
  • CONCLUSION: Some cytogenetic and molecular characterizations of childhood ALL could add prognostic criteria for proper therapy allocation.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17401264.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-7693
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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70. Dunwell TL, Hesson LB, Pavlova T, Zabarovska V, Kashuba V, Catchpoole D, Chiaramonte R, Brini AT, Griffiths M, Maher ER, Zabarovsky E, Latif F: Epigenetic analysis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Epigenetics; 2009 Apr 1;4(3):185-93
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Epigenetic analysis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We used a chromosome 3 wide NotI microarray for identification of epigenetically inactivated genes in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Three novel genes demonstrated frequent methylation in childhood ALL.
  • In our series of childhood ALL BNC1 was frequently methylated in both T (77%) and B-ALL (79%), whilst MSX1 showed T-ALL (25%) specific methylation.
  • The methylation of the above five genes was cancer specific and expression of the genes could be restored in methylated leukemia cell lines treated with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine.
  • This is the first report demonstrating frequent epigenetic inactivation of PPP2R3A, FBLN2, THRB, BNC1 and MSX1 in leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 / genetics. DNA Methylation. Epigenesis, Genetic. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Base Sequence. Cell Line, Tumor. Gene Expression Profiling. Gene Silencing. Humans. Molecular Sequence Data. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis


71. Nathan PC, Wasilewski-Masker K, Janzen LA: Long-term outcomes in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Hematol Oncol Clin North Am; 2009 Oct;23(5):1065-82, vi-vii
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term outcomes in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Cure rates for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) now exceed 80%.
  • Consequently, there is a growing population of survivors of childhood ALL who are at risk for developing late sequelae of their cancer therapy.
  • The risk of developing a late effect of therapy is particularly high in those survivors treated with cranial radiation or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation; however, most children who survive after treatment in the current era are expected to live normal lives with minimal or no longterm morbidity.
  • In this article, the more common, serious late effects of ALL therapy are reviewed, the treatment exposures that predispose some survivors to their development are discussed, and the need for life-long risk-based medical care for all survivors of childhood ALL is emphasized.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy


72. Krapf G, Kaindl U, Kilbey A, Fuka G, Inthal A, Joas R, Mann G, Neil JC, Haas OA, Panzer-Grümayer ER: ETV6/RUNX1 abrogates mitotic checkpoint function and targets its key player MAD2L1. Oncogene; 2010 Jun 03;29(22):3307-12
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  • Approximately 25% of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia have an ETV6/RUNX1 (E/R) gene fusion that results from a t(12;21).
  • This genetic subgroup of leukemia is associated with near-triploidy, near-tetraploidy, and trisomy 21 as rather specific types of secondary changes.
  • Consistent with this notion, E/R-expressing diploid murine and human cell lines have decreased proportions of cells with 4N DNA content and a lower mitotic index when treated with spindle toxins.
  • [MeSH-major] Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics. Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics. Mitosis / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Repressor Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Line, Tumor. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit. Gene Fusion. Gene Rearrangement. Humans. Karyotyping. Mad2 Proteins. Promoter Regions, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 20190817.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5594
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncogene
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncogene
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] Austria / Austrian Science Fund FWF / / P 17551
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Calcium-Binding Proteins; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / MAD2L1 protein, human; 0 / Mad2 Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Repressor Proteins; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ EMS32872; NLM/ PMC4194424
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73. Jiang H, Gu LJ, Xue HL, Tang JY, Chen J, Pan C, Chen J, Xu C, Dong L, Zhou M: [Prognostic factors for childhood acute non-mature B-lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi; 2008 Jun;10(3):290-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Prognostic factors for childhood acute non-mature B-lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To study the prognostic factors for events-free survival (EFS) in children with acute non-mature B-lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • METHODS: One hundred and sixty-one children with newly diagnosed acute non-mature B-lymphoblastic leukemia received the ALL-XH-99 protocol treatment.
  • Age, initial white blood cell count (WBC), prednisone response, early response to treatment, fusion genes (BCR/ABL or MLL/AF4) and MRD level were significantly related to the EFS (P<0.01).
  • CONCLUSIONS: WBC >or=50 x 10(9)/L, Cmu positive, BCR/ABL or MLL/AF4 positive and MRD positive have important prognostic values in childhood acute non-mature B-lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma / mortality. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Genes, abl. Humans. Infant. Male. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Neoplasm, Residual. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Prognosis. Regression Analysis


74. Diffner E, Gauffin F, Anagnostaki L, Nordgren A, Gustafsson B, Sander B, Gustafsson B, Persson JL: Expression of VEGF and VEGF receptors in childhood precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia evaluated by immunohistochemistry. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2009 Sep;31(9):696-701
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  • [Title] Expression of VEGF and VEGF receptors in childhood precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia evaluated by immunohistochemistry.
  • We investigated the expression and clinical importance of VEGF and two of its receptors, VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2, in childhood precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pre-B ALL) by using immunohistochemistry.
  • These novel findings suggest that VEGFR-1 may have clinical importance in childhood pre-B ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunoenzyme Techniques. Neoplasm Proteins / analysis. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / analysis. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 / analysis. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 / analysis

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  • (PMID = 19707156.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / VEGFA protein, human; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1; EC 2.7.10.1 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
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75. Kikuchi A, Maeda M, Hanada R, Okimoto Y, Ishimoto K, Kaneko T, Ikuta K, Tsuchida M, Tokyo Children's Cancer Study Group (TCCSG): Moyamoya syndrome following childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2007 Mar;48(3):268-72
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  • [Title] Moyamoya syndrome following childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) sometimes suffer from adverse long-term sequelae.
  • We analyzed the incidence, clinical course and prognosis of moyamoya syndrome (MoS) following childhood ALL.
  • None of the patients had central nervous system (CNS) leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Cranial Irradiation / adverse effects. Moyamoya Disease / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16615044.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracyclines; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase
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76. Ramchandren S, Leonard M, Mody RJ, Donohue JE, Moyer J, Hutchinson R, Gurney JG: Peripheral neuropathy in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Peripher Nerv Syst; 2009 Sep;14(3):184-9
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  • [Title] Peripheral neuropathy in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common form of cancer in children.
  • Thirty-seven survivors of childhood ALL aged 8-18 underwent evaluation for neuropathy through self-reported symptoms, standardized examinations, and nerve conduction studies (NCS).

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  • (PMID = 19909482.001).
  • [ISSN] 1529-8027
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the peripheral nervous system : JPNS
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Peripher. Nerv. Syst.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / K23 NS072279; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / T32 NS07222-23; United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / T32 NS007222; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / K03 HL04108; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / K30 HL004108
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS529407; NLM/ PMC3865985
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77. Steiner M, Attarbaschi A, Dworzak M, Strobl H, Pickl W, Kornmüller R, Haas O, Gadner H, Mann G, Austrian Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster Study Group: Cytochemically myeloperoxidase positive childhood acute leukemia with lymphoblastic morphology treated as lymphoblastic leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Jan;32(1):e4-7
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  • [Title] Cytochemically myeloperoxidase positive childhood acute leukemia with lymphoblastic morphology treated as lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Rarely, cytochemical MPO reaction may be positive in >or=3% of blasts with clear lymphoblastic morphology.
  • We present 5 patients with cytochemically MPO-positive acute leukemia classified as lymphoblastic by cytomorphology and lymphoblastic (n=3) or biphenotypic (n=2) by immunophenotyping, who entered first-line treatment for lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The former 3 are in first remission and both with biphenotypic leukemia relapsed with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • The study primarily shows that cytochemical MPO expression in childhood acute leukemia revealing typical lymphoblastic morphology and phenotype does rarely exist.
  • Although a small number of patients studied, cytochemical MPO expression in acute leukemia does not seem to require myeloid leukemia treatment in case of otherwise lymphoblastic cytomorphology and phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Peroxidase / analysis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19935430.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase
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78. Kiss F, Buslig J, Szegedi I, Scholtz B, Kappelmayer J, Kiss C: Early relapse after rituximab chemoimmunotherapy. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Feb;50(2):372-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • In relapsed/refractory childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) of the B-cell lineage rituximab, a monoclonal anti-CD20 antibody was used successfully in some cases.
  • We report on a 15-year-old female with relapsed CD20-positive B-cell progenitor ALL treated with rituximab because of positive minimal residual disease signals after chemotherapy, as checked by flow cytometry and real time quantitative-PCR.
  • The patient died with fulminant aspergillosis before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation could be performed.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Flow Cytometry. Gene Rearrangement, delta-Chain T-Cell Antigen Receptor. Humans. Neoplasm, Residual / pathology. Recurrence. Rituximab

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17973316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 4F4X42SYQ6 / Rituximab
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79. Kulkarni KP, Marwaha RK: Pattern and implications of therapy abandonment in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2010;11(5):1435-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pattern and implications of therapy abandonment in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • In this communication we describe the pattern of therapy abandonment and its impact on survival of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia at a large tertiary care center in Northern India and discuss remedial measures.
  • [MeSH-major] Medication Therapy Management. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Treatment Refusal. Withholding Treatment

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  • (PMID = 21198307.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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80. Kager L, Evans WE: Pharmacogenomics of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Curr Opin Hematol; 2006 Jul;13(4):260-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pharmacogenomics of acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The cure rate in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia now exceeds almost 80% in most treatment protocols in industrialized countries.
  • Pharmacogenomics, which studies the role of inheritance in individual variation in drug disposition and response, could be a useful tool to further improve outcome in this heterogeneous disease by individualization of therapy based on information gained from the genetic 'make-up' of normal host cells and lymphoblastic leukemia cells.
  • Thus there is great promise for advancing event-free survival in childhood leukemia in the future.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Pharmacogenetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16755223.001).
  • [ISSN] 1065-6251
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 49
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81. Goel R, Kumar R, Bakhshi S: Transformation of childhood MDS-refractory anemia to acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2007 Oct;29(10):725-7
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  • [Title] Transformation of childhood MDS-refractory anemia to acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are clonal disorders of hematopoietic stem cell.
  • Patients have a deteriorating course with about 30% evolving into acute leukemias usually of the myeloid phenotype.
  • Evolution into acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a rare and intriguing phenomenon seen in far less than 1% of adult cases, and extremely rare in pediatric population.
  • We report a case of childhood MDS-refractory anemia transforming into acute lymphoblastic leukemia after an interval of 21 months since presentation and being on cyclosporine therapy for 9.5 months.
  • [MeSH-major] Anemia, Refractory / complications. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / etiology


82. Pérez Martínez A, Alonso Ojembarrena A, Ramírez Orellana M, García Castro J, González-Vicent M, Contra Gómez T, Madero López L, Díaz Pérez MA: [Twenty years of treating childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. An Pediatr (Barc); 2006 Sep;65(3):198-204
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Twenty years of treating childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • BACKGROUND: Conventional prognostic factors for relapse in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are the main basis of risk-stratified treatments.
  • The only significant prognostic factor for relapse identified by multivariate analysis was leukocyte [white blood cell (WBC)] count higher than 80,000/ml at diagnosis (hazard ratio [HR]: 4.63; 95 % CI: 1.61-13.3; p 5 0,004).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • [CommentIn] An Pediatr (Barc). 2006 Sep;65(3):195-7 [16956496.001]
  • (PMID = 16956497.001).
  • [ISSN] 1695-4033
  • [Journal-full-title] Anales de pediatría (Barcelona, Spain : 2003)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] An Pediatr (Barc)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; E7WED276I5 / 6-Mercaptopurine; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin; AIEOP acute lymphoblastic leukemia protocol; ALL-BFM-95 protocol; BFM-86 protocol; DAV regimen
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83. Watanabe A: [Recent advance in treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho; 2007 Feb;34(2):150-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Recent advance in treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • The five-year event-free survival of nearly 80% in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) achieved in the 1990 s attested to the effectiveness of risk-directed therapy developed through well-designed clinical trials by 4 groups in clinical study, containing CCLSG, TCCSG, KYCCSG and JACLS.
  • Japanese Pediatric Leukemia/Lymphoma Study Group (JPLSG) was organized in 2003 and includes all four clinical study groups in Japan.
  • The 2004 ALL protocol of Childhood Cancer and Leukemia Group in Japan (CCLSG) contained a new 2-step stratification based on initial age/WBC count and minimal residual disease at day 91.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17301519.001).
  • [ISSN] 0385-0684
  • [Journal-full-title] Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Gan To Kagaku Ryoho
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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84. Pottier N, Cheok M, Kager L: Antileukemic drug effects in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol; 2008 May;1(3):401-13

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Antileukemic drug effects in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Although acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is still among the leading causes of death in childhood cancer, remarkable progress in treatment results has been made with this disease.
  • Moreover, some patients have leukemia cell clones that are resistant to conventional antileukemic treatment.
  • Overall, a fifth of children with ALL will not be cured despite intensified therapy, including allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
  • This review focuses on investigations that provide important basic insights into ALL pharmacogenomics and/or hold great promise in providing clinically valuable pharmacogenomic models that can help to improve childhood ALL treatment by facilitating appropriate dose individualization, optimal treatment selection and drug discovery.

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  • (PMID = 24422694.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-2433
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of clinical pharmacology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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85. Stanulla M, Schrappe M: Treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Semin Hematol; 2009 Jan;46(1):52-63
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy of childhood.
  • Studies in ALL have been a model for clinical and basic research beyond pediatric hemato-oncology.
  • As a result of sustained and well-organized research efforts since the early 1960s, childhood ALL now can be successfully treated in about 80% of patients by the application of intensive combination chemotherapy regimens, which in specific patient subgroups may need to be supplemented with radiation therapy and/or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  • Thus, future research must extend our molecular understanding of leukemia and host factors in order to even more specifically identify the mechanisms underlying the differences in treatment response and outcome, and to finally address the therapeutic needs of the individual child.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19100368.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 101
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86. Abdelhaleem M: Frequent but nonrandom expression of myeloid markers on de novo childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Exp Mol Pathol; 2007 Aug;83(1):138-41
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Frequent but nonrandom expression of myeloid markers on de novo childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The expression of the myeloid markers CD13, CD33, and CD15 in two hundred and eighty-three cases of de novo childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is examined.
  • Certain patterns of myeloid antigen expression can be recognized including: no expression of CD13, CD33, and CD15 in mature B-ALL, significantly higher levels of CD13 and CD33 and significantly lower levels of CD15 in TEL-AML1-positive B cell precursor ALL, no expression of CD13 and CD33 in E2A-PBX1-positive B cell precursor ALL cases and common T-ALL (double positive for CD4 and CD8), and no expression of CD13 in MLL-AF4-positive B cell precursor ALL cases.
  • Although the numbers in some ALL subtypes are small, these patterns are consistent with nonrandom expression of myeloid markers in de novo childhood ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Myeloid Cells / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Antigens, CD13 / metabolism. Antigens, CD15 / metabolism. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / metabolism. Burkitt Lymphoma / metabolism. Burkitt Lymphoma / pathology. Cell Differentiation. Child. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / metabolism. Homeodomain Proteins / metabolism. Humans. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / metabolism. Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3


87. Spasova MI, Stoyanova AA, Moumdjiev IN, Dimitrov HK: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with osteoarticular syndrome--characteristics and prognosis. Folia Med (Plovdiv); 2009 Jan-Mar;51(1):50-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with osteoarticular syndrome--characteristics and prognosis.
  • Children with leukemia often present with osteoarticular syndrome as a first complaint thus mimicking juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
  • The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of osteoarticular syndrome at the onset of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in childhood, the clinical and laboratory specificity of such patients and the prognostic value of osteoarticular syndrome as an initial symptom.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 60 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia at a mean age of 5 +/- 0.5 years between February 2002 and October 2007.
  • RESULTS: Osteoarticular syndrome was present as an initial symptom of leukemia in 18 (30.5%) patients.
  • Event-free survival in patients with osteoarticular syndrome is comparable to that of the remaining group of acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Arthritis, Juvenile / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis


88. Jamroziak K, Robak T: Do polymorphisms in ABC transporter genes influence risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia? Leuk Res; 2008 Aug;32(8):1173-5
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  • [Title] Do polymorphisms in ABC transporter genes influence risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia?
  • It is widely accepted that pathogenesis of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is related to the interplay between specific environmental exposure and inherited background.
  • Here, we review several recent reports on potential association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes encoding for ABC transporters with predisposition to pediatric ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters / genetics. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • [CommentOn] Leuk Res. 2008 Aug;32(8):1214-20 [18243305.001]
  • (PMID = 18294687.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / P-Glycoprotein
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89. Emerenciano M, Koifman S, Pombo-de-Oliveira MS: Acute leukemia in early childhood. Braz J Med Biol Res; 2007 Jun;40(6):749-60

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute leukemia in early childhood.
  • Acute leukemia in early childhood is biologically and clinically distinct.
  • The pro-B, CD10 negative immunophenotype is typically found in infant acute leukemia, and the most common genetic alterations are the rearrangements of the MLL gene.
  • The Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Infant Acute Leukemia has found that mothers exposed to dipyrone, pesticides and hormones had an increased chance to give birth to babies with infant acute leukemia [OR = 1.48 (95%CI = 1.05-2.07), OR = 2.27 (95%CI = 1.56-3.31) and OR = 9.08 (95%CI = 2.95-27.96)], respectively.
  • This review aims to summarize recent clues that have facilitated the elucidation of the biology of early childhood leukemias, with emphasis on infant acute leukemia in the Brazilian population.

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  • (PMID = 17581672.001).
  • [ISSN] 0100-879X
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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90. Hafiz MG, Mannan MA: Serum lactate dehydrogenase level in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull; 2007 Dec;33(3):88-91
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  • [Title] Serum lactate dehydrogenase level in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level was estimated in 44 childhood (age range 1-15 years) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) on admission, day 14 and day 29 of induction.
  • A significant decrease of peripheral and bone marrow blast cell percentages were also observed at day 29 of induction along with significant decrease level of serum LDH (p < 0.001).
  • So, the measurement of serum LDH level can be accepted as an enzymatic tool for presumption of childhood ALL and the response to chemotherapy during induction of remission.
  • [MeSH-major] L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / blood

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  • (PMID = 18783063.001).
  • [ISSN] 0377-9238
  • [Journal-full-title] Bangladesh Medical Research Council bulletin
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bangladesh Med Res Counc Bull
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Bangladesh
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.1.1.27 / L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
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91. Teuffel O, Stanulla M, Cario G, Ludwig WD, Rottgers S, Schafer BW, Zimmermann M, Schrappe M, Niggli FK: Anemia and survival in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Haematologica; 2008 Nov;93(11):1652-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Anemia and survival in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that patients with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting with mild anemia at diagnosis have an increased risk of poor outcome compared to patients with more severe anemia.
  • However, it has not been reported whether there is any correlation between degree of anemia and leukemia subtype.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: In a cohort of 1162 patients with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia we analyzed whether there was a correlation between degree of anemia and leukemia subtype.
  • The degree of anemia was significantly different for three distinct groups of patients compared to the remaining patients (mean hemoglobin; T-cell leukemia: 106 g/L versus 76 g/L (precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia); within precursor B-cell ALL: TEL-AML1 positive: 68 g/L versus 79 g/L; BCR-ABL positive: 93 g/L versus 76 g/L; each p<0.05).
  • Furthermore, in contrast to the entire study group, patients with T-cell leukemia, TEL-AML1(+), and BCR-ABL(+) precursor B-cell leukemia had a more favorable prognosis if presenting with a higher hemoglobin level (>/=80 g/L).
  • CONCLUSIONS: These observations indicate that the formerly reported direct correlation between severity of anemia and survival in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia mainly reflects differences in the degree of anemia between distinct biological subgroups with different treatment outcomes.
  • [MeSH-major] Anemia / epidemiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Burkitt Lymphoma / complications. Burkitt Lymphoma / genetics. Burkitt Lymphoma / mortality. Child. Cohort Studies. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Disease-Free Survival. Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl / genetics. Hemoglobins / metabolism. Homeodomain Proteins / genetics. Humans. Leukemia, T-Cell / complications. Leukemia, T-Cell / genetics. Leukemia, T-Cell / mortality. Leukocyte Count. Mutation. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Risk Factors. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome


92. Jude V, Chan KW: Recent advances in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Curr Hematol Malig Rep; 2010 Jul;5(3):129-34
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  • [Title] Recent advances in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been an important treatment modality in the management of high-risk or relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Leukemia recurrence remains a major cause of treatment failure.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Disease-Free Survival. Humans. Neoplasm, Residual. Recurrence


93. Nebral K, Denk D, Attarbaschi A, König M, Mann G, Haas OA, Strehl S: Incidence and diversity of PAX5 fusion genes in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Leukemia; 2009 Jan;23(1):134-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidence and diversity of PAX5 fusion genes in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • PAX5, a master regulator of B-cell development, was recently shown to be involved in several leukemia-associated rearrangements, which result in fusion genes encoding chimeric proteins that antagonize PAX5 transcriptional activity.
  • In a population-based fluorescence in situ hybridization screening study of 446 childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients, we now show that PAX5 rearrangements occur at an incidence of about 2.5% of B-cell precursor ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19020546.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / B-Cell-Specific Activator Protein; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / PAX5 protein, human; 0 / Transcription Factors
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94. Morrissette JJ, Halligan GE, Punnett HH, McKenzie AS, Guerrero F, de Chadarévian JP: Down syndrome with low hypodiploidy in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2006 Aug;169(1):58-61
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  • [Title] Down syndrome with low hypodiploidy in precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We describe the rare finding of a 33-month-old child neonatally diagnosed with Down syndrome, who presented with pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with a pretreatment bone marrow karyotype in which a low hypodiploid cell line (38 chromosomes) was identified in 17/19 cells studied.
  • The abnormal cell line retained the extra constitutional chromosome 21.
  • Hypodiploidy (loss of one or more chromosomes) is seen in approximately 5% of all childhood pre-B ALL cases and in approximately 2.2% cases of individuals with a constitutional trisomy 21.
  • Low hypodiploidy, associated with a high risk of relapse, is rare in pediatric ALL cases in the general population, and, to our knowledge, is previously unreported in patients with trisomy 21.

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  • (PMID = 16875938.001).
  • [ISSN] 0165-4608
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Bhojwani D, Howard SC, Pui CH: High-risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Clin Lymphoma Myeloma; 2009;9 Suppl 3:S222-30
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] High-risk childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Although most children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) are cured, certain subsets have a high risk of relapse.
  • Though early treatment response can be assessed by the peripheral blast cell count after 1 week of single-agent glucocorticoid treatment or percent of bone marrow blasts by morphology after 1 or 2 weeks of multiagent induction treatment, determination of minimal residual disease by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or flow cytometry after 2 to 6 weeks of induction is the most precise and useful measure.
  • Infants with mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL)-rearranged ALL comprise a very poor-risk group wherein further intensification of chemotherapy causes significant toxicity.
  • Hybrid protocols incorporating drugs effective for acute myeloid leukemia could improve survival, a strategy being tested in international trials.
  • New agents and methods to overcome resistance are under investigation, and allogeneic stem cell transplantation is recommended for certain subsets of patients, for example those with Ph+ and T-cell ALL with poor early response.
  • Genome-wide interrogation of leukemic cell genetic abnormalities and germline genetic variations promise to identify new molecular targets for therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19778845.001).
  • [ISSN] 1938-0712
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical lymphoma & myeloma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Lymphoma Myeloma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765-31; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA21765
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Glucocorticoids
  • [Number-of-references] 92
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS163517; NLM/ PMC2814411
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96. Ivanovski PI, Ivanovski IP: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is triggered by the introduction of immunization against diphtheria. Med Hypotheses; 2007;68(2):324-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is triggered by the introduction of immunization against diphtheria.
  • BACKGROUND: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia has prenatal origin.
  • Leukemogenic translocations originating during fetal life are insufficient for overt leukemia.
  • Transgenic TEL-AML1 mice have failed to develop leukemia.
  • Since then, childhood leukemia has almost unchangeable incidence.
  • HYPOTHESIS: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is triggered by vaccination against diphtheria.
  • TESTING THE HYPOTHESIS: Epidemiological survey for leukemia cases among "exemptors" and unvaccinated cases among ALL children should be done.
  • IMPLICATIONS OF THE HYPOTHESIS: If there is no leukemia among the "exemptors", no unvaccinated among ALL, and some mice develop leukemia upon vaccination childhood leukemia will be prevented by massive neonatal screening for leukemogenic genetics and/or with a new vaccination schedule.
  • [MeSH-major] Diphtheria Toxoid / adverse effects. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology


97. Nurmio M, Keros V, Lähteenmäki P, Salmi T, Kallajoki M, Jahnukainen K: Effect of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia therapy on spermatogonia populations and future fertility. J Clin Endocrinol Metab; 2009 Jun;94(6):2119-22
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia therapy on spermatogonia populations and future fertility.
  • CONTEXT: Isolation of spermatogonial stem cells before potentially sterilizing cancer therapy, followed by transplantation of these cells into the testis after such treatment, may be an effective approach to prevent infertility among prepubertal boys suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • A key clinical consideration in this context is the timing of biopsy, if collection of spermatogonia could be delayed from diagnosis to the later phase of leukemia treatment, better patient selection could be offered.
  • OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the routine testicular biopsy material collected to detect testicular leukemia to evaluate if treatment for leukemia affects numbers and maturation of the spermatogonia during the prepubertal period.
  • OUTCOME MEASURE: Samples were stained immunohistochemically to evaluate the expression of the spermatogonial markers MAGE 4A, OCT4, CD9, and AP2gamma, and of the Sertoli cell marker WT-1.
  • No significant alteration in spermatogonial numbers was associated with testicular leukemia.
  • CONCLUSION: Treatment for childhood leukemia without high-dose cyclophosphamide seldom depletes the spermatogonial stem cell pool totally.
  • [MeSH-major] Cyclophosphamide / adverse effects. Fertility / drug effects. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Sperm Count. Spermatogonia / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19318447.001).
  • [ISSN] 1945-7197
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide
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98. Milne E, Laurvick CL, de Klerk N, Robertson L, Thompson JR, Bower C: Trends in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Western Australia, 1960-2006. Int J Cancer; 2008 Mar 1;122(5):1130-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Trends in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Western Australia, 1960-2006.
  • Increases in the incidence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have been reported in some countries, while other reports from similar geographical regions have indicated stable rates.
  • We used population-based data from Western Australia to investigate trends in the incidence of childhood ALL between 1960 and 2006.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology


99. Attarbaschi A, Mann G, König M, Steiner M, Strehl S, Schreiberhuber A, Schneider B, Meyer C, Marschalek R, Borkhardt A, Pickl WF, Lion T, Gadner H, Haas OA, Dworzak MN: Mixed lineage leukemia-rearranged childhood pro-B and CD10-negative pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia constitute a distinct clinical entity. Clin Cancer Res; 2006 May 15;12(10):2988-94
Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Childhood.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Mixed lineage leukemia-rearranged childhood pro-B and CD10-negative pre-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia constitute a distinct clinical entity.
  • PURPOSE: Mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) abnormalities occur in approximately 50% of childhood pro-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • RESULTS: We found that 15 of 29 pro-B ALL, 7 of 11 CD10- pre-B ALL, and 1 of 2 French-American-British classification L1 mature B-cell leukemia cases had a MLL rearrangement.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The striking similarities between the two CD10- ALL subsets imply that CD10- pre-B ALL variants may represent pro-B ALL cases that maintained the propensity to rearrange and express their immunoglobulin heavy chain rather than actual pre-B ALL forms transformed at this later stage of B-cell differentiation.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.
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  • (PMID = 16707593.001).
  • [ISSN] 1078-0432
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin. Cancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Immunoglobulin Heavy Chains; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 3.4.24.11 / Neprilysin
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100. Davidsen ML, Dalhoff K, Schmiegelow K: Pharmacogenetics influence treatment efficacy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Nov;30(11):831-49
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pharmacogenetics influence treatment efficacy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • As most childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment protocols include up to 13 different chemotherapeutic agents, the impact of individual SNPs has been difficult to evaluate.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Polymorphism, Genetic. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics






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