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6. Prescot AP, Dzik-Jurasz AS, Leach MO, Sirohi B, Powles R, Collins DJ: Localized COSY and DQF-COSY 1H-MRS sequences for investigating human tibial bone marrow in vivo and initial application to patients with acute leukemia. J Magn Reson Imaging; 2005 Oct;22(4):541-8
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Leukemia.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Localized COSY and DQF-COSY 1H-MRS sequences for investigating human tibial bone marrow in vivo and initial application to patients with acute leukemia.
  • Localized 2D 1H-MRS data were obtained from the bone marrow of healthy controls (N = 6), patients presenting with acute leukemia (N = 6) and patients with acute leukemia in remission (N = 4).
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow / chemistry. Leukemia / metabolism. Lipids / analysis. Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy / methods. Tibia / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Phantoms, Imaging

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 16161078.001).
  • [ISSN] 1053-1807
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Magn Reson Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lipids
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7. Takami A, Okumura H, Yamazaki H, Kami M, Kim SW, Asakura H, Endo T, Nishio M, Minauchi K, Kumano K, Sugimori N, Mori S, Takemoto Y, Shimadoi S, Ozaki J, Takaue Y, Nakao S: Prospective trial of high-dose chemotherapy followed by infusions of peripheral blood stem cells and dose-escalated donor lymphocytes for relapsed leukemia after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Int J Hematol; 2005 Dec;82(5):449-55
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prospective trial of high-dose chemotherapy followed by infusions of peripheral blood stem cells and dose-escalated donor lymphocytes for relapsed leukemia after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.
  • To determine whether induction of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) improves the outcome of acute relapsed leukemia after stem cell transplantation (SCT), we used high-dose cytarabine (ara-C) followed by infusions of donor-derived buffy coats containing peripheral blood stem cells to treat 12 patients with relapsed leukemia.
  • Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) was repeated at least twice over a 5-week interval for patients in whom grade II to IV acute GVHD did not develop after the first DLI.
  • Grade II to IV acute GVHD developed in 4 (33%) of the patients.
  • Chronic GVHD developed in 3 patients, 2 of whom had not experienced acute GVHD.
  • Four (67%) of the 6 patients who developed grade II to IV acute and/or chronic GVHD after DLI responded, but none of the other 6 patients responded.
  • Four (33%) of the patients (2 with acute myelogenous leukemia [AML] and 2 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL]) achieved complete remission lasting longer than 4 months after the first DLI, but 3 of them had relapses in bone sites.
  • These findings indicate that high-dose ara-C combined with megadose DLI may produce durable remission of acute leukemia that has relapsed after SCT when GVHD is induced.
  • The low induction rate of GVHD and extramedullary relapse after remission is achieved with DLI are problems yet to be solved.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Graft vs Host Disease / therapy. Leukemia / therapy. Lymphocyte Transfusion. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16533751.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
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8. Al-Tawfiq JA, Al-Khatti AA: Spontaneous remission of acute monocytic leukemia after infection with Clostridium septicum. Int J Lab Hematol; 2007 Oct;29(5):386-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous remission of acute monocytic leukemia after infection with Clostridium septicum.
  • Spontaneous remissions of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have been reported in association with infection.
  • Here, we report a case of spontaneous remission of AML in a 47-year-old Saudi Arabian male patient who presented with a few weeks history of recurrent abdominal pain, vomiting and fever.
  • He was diagnosed with acute monocytic leukemia (AML, FAB M5b) and a perforated bowel.
  • Six weeks later, he achieved spontaneous and complete remission lasting for about 4 months.
  • The remission and relapse were documented by bone marrow examination.
  • Similarly, previous reports of spontaneous remission of AML were short lived and were followed by relapse and progression.
  • [MeSH-major] Clostridium Infections / complications. Clostridium septicum / pathogenicity. Intestinal Perforation / complications. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Remission, Spontaneous

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  • (PMID = 17824921.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-5521
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of laboratory hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Lab Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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9. Juliusson G, Billström R, Gruber A, Hellström-Lindberg E, Höglunds M, Karlsson K, Stockelberg D, Wahlin A, Aström M, Arnesson C, Brunell-Abrahamsson U, Carstensen J, Fredriksson E, Holmberg E, Nordenskjöld K, Wiklund F, Swedish Adult Acute Leukemia Registry Group: Attitude towards remission induction for elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia influences survival. Leukemia; 2006 Jan;20(1):42-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Attitude towards remission induction for elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia influences survival.
  • Combination chemotherapy may induce remission from acute myeloid leukemia (AML), but validated criteria for treatment of elderly are lacking.
  • The remission intention (RI) rate for elderly patients, as reported to the Swedish Leukemia Registry, was known to be different when comparing the six health care regions, but the consequences of different management are unknown.
  • The Leukemia Registry, containing 1672 AML patients diagnosed between 1997 and 2001, with 98% coverage and a median follow-up of 4 years, was completed with data from the compulsory cancer and population registries.
  • Among 506 treated and untreated patients aged 70-79 years with AML (non-APL), there was a direct correlation between the RI rate in each health region (range 36-76%) and the two-year overall survival, with no censored observations (6-21%) (chi-squared for trend=11.3, P<0.001; r2=0.86, P<0.02, nonparametric).
  • Differences could not be explained by demographics, and was found in both de novo and secondary leukemias.
  • Survival of 70-79-year-old AML patients is better in regions where more elderly patients are judged eligible for remission induction.
  • [MeSH-major] Attitude of Health Personnel. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Patient Selection
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Age Distribution. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Registries. Remission Induction. Survival Rate. Sweden / epidemiology. Treatment Outcome


10. Slavcheva V, Lukanov T, Tzvetkov N: Two cases of extramedullary myeloid tumor in patients with continuous remission of acute myeloblastic leukemia. J BUON; 2008 Oct-Dec;13(4):589-92
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  • [Title] Two cases of extramedullary myeloid tumor in patients with continuous remission of acute myeloblastic leukemia.
  • It can be initial manifestation of myeloproliferative disorders or relapse of previously treated acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML).
  • We present two patients, one with AML-M2 and the other with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL)-M3.
  • After remission induced by conventional chemotherapy, which continued for 3 and 10 years respectively, a myeloid sarcoma was diagnosed.
  • Two years after the diagnosis of myeloid sarcoma the patient died of haemorrhagic stroke.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19145688.001).
  • [ISSN] 1107-0625
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J BUON
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
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11. Fiegl M, Hiddemann W, Braess J: [Current therapeutic strategies in the management of acute myeloid leukemia]. Med Klin (Munich); 2007 Apr 15;102(4):309-16
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Current therapeutic strategies in the management of acute myeloid leukemia].
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a rare disease of the hematopoietic stem cell leading to uncontrolled proliferation of immature progenitor cells.
  • Diagnosis can reliably be confirmed by bone marrow aspiration, which also allows risk stratification by cytogenetic and molecular analysis.
  • Therapy of AML that should preferentially be performed in clinical studies comprises induction therapy for achievement of complete cytomorphological remission (CR) and postremission strategies consisting of consolidation and maintenance therapy for eradication of residual blasts.
  • To date, induction therapy will be performed independently of the individual risk constellation (with the exception of acute promyelocytic leukemia); however, postremission therapy is highly dependent on individual risk stratification.
  • Besides conventional strategies, allogeneic stem cell transplantation has to be considered in certain risk groups depending on the availability of a matched donor.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Anthracyclines / administration & dosage. Anthracyclines / adverse effects. Biopsy, Needle. Bone Marrow / pathology. Bone Marrow Purging. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / adverse effects. Disease-Free Survival. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Retreatment

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  • (PMID = 17426934.001).
  • [ISSN] 0723-5003
  • [Journal-full-title] Medizinische Klinik (Munich, Germany : 1983)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Klin. (Munich)
  • [Language] ger
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracyclines; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 65
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12. Bradstock K: Chemotherapy for patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first remission. Curr Hematol Malig Rep; 2006 Jun;1(2):108-13
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chemotherapy for patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first remission.
  • Although the majority of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) achieve a complete remission with induction chemotherapy, most will ultimately relapse.
  • Clinical trials have demonstrated that early intensive consolidation therapy with high-dose cytarabine can produce prolonged responses in up to 40% of patients in remission after standard induction therapy.
  • Autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation in first remission are also valid alternatives, but the value of low-dose maintenance treatment seems confined to acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Clinical Trials as Topic. Combined Modality Therapy. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Drug Administration Schedule. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Immunotherapy. Middle Aged. Multicenter Studies as Topic. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 20425340.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-822X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current hematologic malignancy reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Hematol Malig Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 31
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13. Kunivayalil S, Jain A, Satheesh C, Tejinder S, Lakshmaiah K, Suresh TM, Lokanatha D, Babu G: A comparative study of single-dose pegfilgrastim versus daily filgrastim in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18005

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A comparative study of single-dose pegfilgrastim versus daily filgrastim in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • It can be used during induction and consolidation chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Safety profile and complete remission status did not differ between the two groups.

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  • (PMID = 27964003.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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1
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4. Lonetti A, Iacobucci I, Ferrari A, Messina M, Cilloni D, Soverini S, Papayannidis C, Baccarani M, Foà R, Martinelli G: Expression of different isoforms of the B-cell mutator activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) in BCR-ABL1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7049

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of different isoforms of the B-cell mutator activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) in BCR-ABL1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients.
  • : 7049 Since the activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) enzyme can target non-immunoglobulin (Ig) genes and may even act as a genome-wide mutator, we investigated AID expression in BCR-ABL1-positive ALL and in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) at the time of progression to blast crisis.
  • On the 61 de novo adult BCR-ABL1-positive ALL patients (pts), AID mRNA and protein were detected in 36 (59%); their expression correlated with BCR-ABL1 transcript levels and disappeared after treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors at the time of remission.
  • Different isoforms of AID were identified: 13/61 (21%) pts expressed the full-length isoform; 19/61 (31%) co-expressed the wild-type and different AID splice variants with deaminase activity (AIDΔE4a, with a 30 bp deletion of exon 4; AIDΔE4, with the exon 4 deletion; AIDins3, with the retention of intron 3-4); 4/61 (7%) expressed the AIDΔE3-E4 isoform without deaminase activity (deletion of exons 2 and 3).
  • Patients who expressed wild-type AID had a higher number of alterations compared to AID-negative (median copy number alteration of 14 versus 4. respectively, p < 0.03).
  • Our findings show that BCR-ABL1-positive ALL cells aberrantly express different isoforms of AID that can act as mutator outside the Ig gene loci in promoting genetic instability in leukemia cells.
  • Supported by: European LeukemiaNet, AIL, AIRC, FIRB 2006, Fondazione del Monte di Bologna e Ravenna, Strategico di Ateneo, GIMEMA Onlus.

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  • (PMID = 27961429.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Becker H, Marcucci G, Maharry K, Margeson D, Radmacher MD, Whitman SP, Mrózek K, Baer MR, Larson RA, Bloomfield CD, for Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB): NPM1 mutations as an independent prognosticator for older cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7000

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] NPM1 mutations as an independent prognosticator for older cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN AML).
  • METHODS: Pretreatment marrow was studied in 189 older CN AML pts [median age 69 y (60 - 83 y); 162 de novo & 27 secondary (s; prior hematologic disorders) cases] enrolled on CALGB 9720 (n=106) & 10201 (n=83).
  • Pts transplanted in 1<sup>st</sup> complete remission (CR) were excluded.
  • RESULTS: In de novo CN AML, NPM1 mutated (NPM1mut) pts (54%) had more CRs (85% v 45%, P<.0001) & longer relapse-free (RFS) (P=.02; 3 y rates 23% v 10%) & overall survival (OS) (P<.0001; 3 y 34% v 7%) than NPM1 wild-type (NPM1wt) pts.

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  • (PMID = 27963957.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Maris MB, Ravandi F, Stuart R, Stone R, Cripe L, Cooper M, Strickland S, Turturro F, Stock W, Berman C: A phase II study of voreloxin as single agent therapy for elderly patients (pts) with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7048

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase II study of voreloxin as single agent therapy for elderly patients (pts) with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Eligibility: newly diagnosed AML (de novo or secondary AML), pts age ≥ 60 and ≥ 1 additional adverse risk factor (age ≥ 70, secondary AML, intermediate or unfavorable cytogenetics, or PS 2).
  • Median duration of remission has not been reached.

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  • (PMID = 27961427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Naik SG, Negrin R, Laport G, Miklos D, Shizuru J, Arai S, Blume K, Wong R, Lowsky R, Johnston L: Long-term outcomes of high-dose therapy using busulfan, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients with high-risk or advanced stages of myeloid malignancies. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7033

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term outcomes of high-dose therapy using busulfan, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients with high-risk or advanced stages of myeloid malignancies.
  • These include high-dose therapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT).
  • Disease status at transplantation was induction failure (IF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (n = 10), HR AML in 1st complete remission (CR1) n = 11, in CR2 (n = 5), in CR3 (n = 2), relapsed refractory (RR) AML (n = 14), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in second chronic phase (n = 6), blast crisis (n = 2), myelofibrosis (n = 6), myeloproliferative disorders (n = 2), and MDS (n = 38).
  • Non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 29 % (95% CI 20%5-38%) at day 100 and 39% (95% CI 29%-49%) at one yr.
  • Cumulative incidence of acute (grade 3-4) and chronic GVHD was 28% (95% CI 19%-37%) and 38% (95% CI 24%-52%), respectively.
  • Relapse and acute GVHD remain significant causes of mortality.

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  • (PMID = 27961395.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Hafeez M, Shaharyar A, Zia N, Rasheed H: A phase II feasibility study of cytarabine and idarubicin combination in relapsed or refractory adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18002

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase II feasibility study of cytarabine and idarubicin combination in relapsed or refractory adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Exact merit of each combination remains undefined as these continue to be tested in non randomized trials.
  • It was empirically decided that the study will only be considered feasible if more then ten patients achieve a complete remission.
  • Eleven patients achieved complete remission.

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  • (PMID = 27964000.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. McHayleh WM, Redner R, Sehgal R, Raptis A, Agha M, Natale J, Luong T, Schlesselman JJ, Foon K, Boyiadzis M: Etoposide and mitoxantrone in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia patients with persistent leukemia after a course of induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7073

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Etoposide and mitoxantrone in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia patients with persistent leukemia after a course of induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin.
  • : 7073 Background: The goal of induction chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is complete remission with restoration of normal bone marrow.
  • If residual leukemia is present after the first course of induction therapy, patients receive a second course identical to the first or receive a non-cross resistant antileukemic regimen.
  • Lower CR rate was associated with unfavorable cytogenetic risk status at diagnosis and higher percent blasts prior to treatment with mitoxantrone and etoposide.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that the combination of etoposide and mitoxantorne is an active and well-tolerated regimen as second-course therapy in newly diagnosed AML patients who have persistent leukemia after a first course of induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin.

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  • (PMID = 27961456.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Kim S, Lee J, Lee J, Kim D, Lim S, Lee Y, Kang Y, Seol M, Ryu S, Lee K: Pretransplant comorbidity as an outcome predictor in adult patients younger than 60 years of age receiving standard induction chemotherapy for de novo acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7055

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pretransplant comorbidity as an outcome predictor in adult patients younger than 60 years of age receiving standard induction chemotherapy for de novo acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 7055 Background: Comorbidity has been evaluated as an outcome predictor in elderly patients receiving induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) as well as in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for various hematologic disorders.
  • METHODS: A total of 276 patients, aged 14 to 59 years, who received standard induction chemotherapy consisting of cytarabine plus daunorubicin or idarubicin for de novo AML excluding M3 subtype between 2000 and 2007 were included.
  • Pre-treatment comorbidity score, assessed by the HCT specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI), was calculated using clinico- pathologic data, which were retrieved from Asan Medical Center Leukemia Registry Database.
  • RESULTS: In the univariate analyses, the HCT-CI score was not a significant prognostic factor for induction of complete remission (CR), whereas survival outcomes such as overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS) and event-free survival (EFS) were significantly different according to the HCT-CI scores (Table).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pre-treatment comorbidity may provide additional prognostic information over established prognostic factors in patients younger than 60 years of age receiving standard induction chemotherapy for de novo AML.

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  • (PMID = 27961421.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Lopez-Enriquez AT: Acute promielocytic leukemia: 14 years experience at the University Hospital, San Juan, Puerto Rico. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18006

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute promielocytic leukemia: 14 years experience at the University Hospital, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • : e18006 Background: Acute promielocytic leukemias (APL) are a unique example in carcinogenesis, of maturation arrest at the promielocytic stage, associated with a chromosomal reciprocal translocation of a portion of chromosome 15 and 17 with the formation of fusion proteins between the PML gene and the alpha-retinoic acid receptor site.
  • METHODS: Since 1994 when transretinoic acid (ATRA) became available to us, we developed a protocol incorporating this drug to the standard regime of induction chemotherapy for acute leukemias used in our institution of 7 days of continuous infusion of cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) and three days of daunorubicine (7+3), starting the ATRA on day 14 at 45 mg/m2 and continued daily for 120 days.
  • Sixty-seven of seventy (67/70) patients went into complete remission for a 98% rate.
  • Four patients developed ATRA syndrome; three early pulmonary syndromes with one death, and the other two responded to steroids and went into remission.
  • Fifty-three (53) has remained in complete remission with a range of 6months to 14 years, for a rate of 76%.
  • A 98% complete remission rate for induction chemotherapy is extraordinary, no ATRA syndrome when started on day 14 of treatment, reducing further morbidity and mortality.

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  • (PMID = 27963993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Lipshultz SE, Scully RE, Lipsitz SR, Sallan SE, Silverman LB, Miller TL, Orav EJ, Colan SD: Gender differences in long-term dexrazoxane cardioprotection in doxorubicin-treated children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10005

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Gender differences in long-term dexrazoxane cardioprotection in doxorubicin-treated children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Adding dexrazoxane (DZR) to DOX treatment resulted in reduced myocardial injury in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Protocol 95-01.
  • METHODS: We centrally remeasured echocardiograms from childhood high-risk ALL survivors in their first continuous remission who were randomly assigned to treatment with DOX only (n = 66; 30 mg/m<sup>2</sup>/dose for 10 doses) or DOX plus DZR 30 minutes prior (n = 68; 300 mg/m<sup>2</sup>/dose).

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  • (PMID = 27962530.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Medeiros BC, Gotlib JR, Coutre SE, Jones C, Khan SA, Rajwanshi R, Rajwanshi R, Zehnder J, Zehnder J: Interim results of protracted low doses of temozolomide in high-risk acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7052

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Interim results of protracted low doses of temozolomide in high-risk acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 7052 Background: High treatment-related mortality and low response rates often discourage elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia from receiving treatment.
  • De novo AML was diagnosed in eight patients and five patients had s-AML.
  • Six patients (6/13) achieved a complete remission (CR) after 1 cycle of therapy (1/2 for patients with methylated and 5/11 for patients with unmethylated AGAT promoter).

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  • (PMID = 27961417.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Mukhopadhyay A, Gupta P, Mukhopadhyay S, Dey S, Basak J, Pandey R: Result of adolescent acute lymphoblastic leukemia protocol (MCP 841) from a developing country. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10046

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Result of adolescent acute lymphoblastic leukemia protocol (MCP 841) from a developing country.
  • : 10046 Background: Acute Lymphatic Leukemia is a curable disease in the range of 80 - 90% in developed countries by aggressive protocol like BFM, St. Judes' but result is much less in adolescence age group (60-70%).
  • RESULTS: Remission induction was seen in 65 (86.7%) of the patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The data of acute lymphatic leukemia in adolescent is not satisfactory as compared to other pediatric patients.

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  • (PMID = 27962472.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Erba HP, Kantarjian HM, Claxton DF, Arellano M, Lyons RM, Kovacsovics TJ, Gabrilove J, Eckert S, Faderl S: Updated remission duration and survival results of single-agent clofarabine in previously untreated older adult patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) unlikely to benefit from standard induction chemotherapy due to unfavorable baseline risk factor(s). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7062

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Updated remission duration and survival results of single-agent clofarabine in previously untreated older adult patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) unlikely to benefit from standard induction chemotherapy due to unfavorable baseline risk factor(s).
  • : 7062 Background: The CLASSIC II trial has previously reported an independently confirmed overall remission rate of 46% (38% CR and 8% CRp) and 30- and 60-day mortality rates of 9.8% and 16.1%, respectively (Blood 112: 558, 2008).
  • We now report updated duration of remission (DOR), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS).
  • METHODS: Single arm, multi-center, phase II, open-label, 2-stage study of patients with untreated AML, ≥60 years old, and at least one adverse prognostic factor: age ≥70 years, antecedent hematologic disorder (AHD), PS = 2, and/or intermediate/unfavorable risk karyotype.
  • Patients were followed for at least 6 months past remission (CR/CRp).

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  • (PMID = 27961436.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Rubnitz J, Inaba H, Ribeiro R, Pounds S, Pui C, Leung W: Pilot study of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10034

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pilot study of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 10034 Background: In the setting of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), donor natural killer (NK) cells exhibit potent anti-leukemic effects without causing graft-versus-host disease.
  • We hypothesized that the transplantation of purified haploidentical NK cells may be a safe and effective form of consolidation therapy that will reduce the risk of relapse among children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are not treated with HSCT.
  • In this pilot study, we assessed the safety, feasibility, and engraftment of NK cell infusions in 10 patients with AML in first remission.
  • RESULTS: The 10 patients had a median age of 2.5 years (range, 8 months to 21 years) and a median leukocyte count of 62 x 10<sup>9</sup>/L (range, 4 to 487) at diagnosis.
  • Leukemic cell genetic abnormalities included CBFβ-MYH11in 4 cases, RBM15-MKL1in 2 cases, MLL-ENL and MLL-AF9 in 1 case each; 2 cases had no detectable abnormalities.
  • All patients had detectable donor NK cells at one or more time points: donor NK cell chimerism ranged from 0% to 30% during the first 4 weeks after the infusions and was greater than 1% in 9 cases at week 1, 4 cases at week 2, 5 cases at week 3, and 3 cases at week 4.
  • One patient had prolonged NK engraftment (189 days), but no non-hematological toxicity.
  • Grade 3-4 non-hematological toxicity was limited to one respiratory viral infection and one episode of febrile neutropenia.
  • With a median follow-up time of 637 days, all patients remain in remission.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Haploidentical NK cells can be safely administered to AML patients who are in remission.
  • We have recently opened a new trial to evaluate the efficacy of NK cell therapy in children in first remission of AML.

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  • (PMID = 27962581.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Pemmaraju N, Kantarjian H, Ravandi F, O'Brien S, Wierda W, Thomas D, Garcia-Manero G, Borthakur G, Pierce S, Cortes J: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adolescents and young adults (AYA): The M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) experience. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7051

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adolescents and young adults (AYA): The M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) experience.
  • This cohort included 27 (17%) pts with Core Binding Factor (CBF)-AML [inv(16), t(8:21)] and 19 pts (12%) with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
  • Complete remission (CR) rates were 89% for CBF AML, 79% for APL, and 75% for all other pts.
  • Outcome is better for pts with CBF leukemia (3 yr survival 56%, sustained CR 49%) and APL (3 yr survival 51%, sustained CR 36%) compared to other AML (3 yr survival 28%, sustained CR 24%).

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  • (PMID = 27961415.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Arellano ML, Winton E, Pan L, Souza L, Sunay S, Lima L, McLemore M, Heffner LT, Langston A, Khoury HJ: Prognostic significance of leukopenia at the time of diagnosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7070

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic significance of leukopenia at the time of diagnosis in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • : 7070 Background: In contrast to the poor prognosis associated with hyperleukocytosis, the prognostic significance of leukopenia at the time of diagnosis of AML is unknown.
  • Simultaneously obtained peripheral blood and marrow blasts were analyzed for cell surface expression of CD34, cKit, CXCR4, PCAM, VLA-2, VLA-3, VLA-4, VLA-5, and FLT3 using flow cytometry.
  • RESULTS: Patients' characteristics (gender, secondary vs. de novo, and cytogenetic [CTG] risk) were comparable between the 2 groups.
  • Leukopenic AML pts were older (median 56 vs. 53 years, p = 0.02), and had lower induction complete remission [CR] rates: 63% vs. 81% (p = 0.03) by univariate analysis.
  • Induction mortality was 0% for leukopenic and 5% for non-leukopenic pts.
  • In primary refractory pts, median survival was longer for leukopenic (11) vs. non-leukopenic (34) pts: 137 vs. 81 d (p = 0.026).
  • The level of expression of cell surface adhesion molecules on blood and marrow blasts was comparable for the 2 groups.
  • CONCLUSIONS: AML pts presenting with leukopenia have comparable outcomes to those presenting with normal or high WBC despite a lower likelihood of achieving remission.
  • Leukopenic AML did not have over-expression of cell surface adhesion molecules.

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  • (PMID = 27961453.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Bello CM, Yu D, Zhu W, Wetzstein GA, Lancet JE: Outcomes following induction chemotherapy in patients with AML arising from MDS: Analysis of prognostic factors. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7088

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 7088 Background: Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) arising from myelodysplasia (MDS) or a myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) has a poor prognosis.
  • Age, IPSS, ECOG PS, cytogenetics, duration of MDS, and prior MDS treatment were evaluated for their impact on obtaining complete remission (CR) or CR with low platelets (CRp) and overall survival (OS).
  • RESULTS: Sixty-one patients with sAML who received induction therapy were evaluated: median age (range) = 66 (36-82) years; M = 67%, ECOG PS 0 or 1 = 86%; poor-risk (PR) cytogenetics = 33%; IPSS > 1 = 43%; prior therapy for MDS with decitabine or azacitidine (DM) or lenalidomide (L) = 41% (25 pts).
  • Multivariable analysis indicated that the same three factors were significantly negatively associated with CR/CRp as well as OS: PR cytogenetics, prior treatment with DM/L, and long transformation to AML on log scale.
  • Only 32% of the group that received prior treatment with a DM/L achieved CR/CRp compared to 78% in non DM/L-treated patients (OR = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.04-0.42).
  • The CR/CRp rate for those with intermediate risk (IR) cytogenetics was 70% compared to only 35% for those with PR cytogenetics (OR = 4.33, 95% CI: 1.38-13.6).
  • Those with PR cytogenetics had a median OS of 2.8 mo compared to 7.5 mo for IR (p = 0.01).
  • The median OS for those treated with a DM/L was 3.7 mo compared to 10.5 mo for non DM/L-treated patients (p < 0.0001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Prior MDS treatment with a DM/L, PR cytogenetics and long transformation to AML are independent negative prognostic factors for response and OS in patients with sAML following induction therapy, suggesting that such patients may be better served by novel approaches, and that stratification for these risk factors should be considered in future clinical trials.

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  • (PMID = 27961482.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Fernandez HF, Sun Z, Litzow MR, Luger SM, Paietta EM, Dewald G, Ketterling RP, Rowe JM, Lazarus HM, Tallman MS: A randomized trial of anthracycline dose intensification during induction of younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia: Results of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group study E1900. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7003

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A randomized trial of anthracycline dose intensification during induction of younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia: Results of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group study E1900.
  • : 7003 Background: In younger adults with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML), anthracycline dose intensification during induction may improve complete remission (CR) rates; however, an improvement in overall survival (OS) in a randomized trial has not been demonstrated.
  • Those achieving a CR were allocated to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or high-dose cytarabine (with or without a single dose of gemtuzumab ozogamicin) prior to autologous HSCT.

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  • (PMID = 27961375.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Ghavamzadeh A, Hashemi S, Alimoghaddam K, Nasri Moghaddam Z, Shadpour M, Jalili M: Phase II trial of old age acute myeloid leukemia treatment by arsenic trioxide and low-dose subcutaneous cytosin arabinoside. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7075

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase II trial of old age acute myeloid leukemia treatment by arsenic trioxide and low-dose subcutaneous cytosin arabinoside.
  • Complete remission observed in 6 and partial remission in one patient (RR = 63.6%), but remission was short live, after 6 months one patient was in CR and one in PR.
  • After 12 months, only one patient was in PR.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although prognosis of old age AML remain poor, but with this type of treatment RR is acceptable.

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  • (PMID = 27961458.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Faderl S, Thomas DA, Gandhi V, Huang X, Borthakur G, O'Brien S, Ravandi F, Plunkett W, Bretz JL, Kantarjian HM: Results of a phase I study of clofarabine (CLO) plus cyclophosphamide (CY) in adult patients (pts) with relapsed and/or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7020

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Results of a phase I study of clofarabine (CLO) plus cyclophosphamide (CY) in adult patients (pts) with relapsed and/or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Twenty-one pts had pre-B ALL, 5 pts pre-T/T ALL, 1 pt mature B ALL, and 3 pts biphenotypic acute leukemias.
  • Among the remainder, preceding median remission duration was 8.6 mos (1-39 mos).

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  • (PMID = 27961382.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Vey N, Bourhis J, Dombret H, Bordessoule D, Prebet T, Charbonnier A, Squiban P, Damholt B, Blaise D, Olive D: A phase I study of the anti-natural killer inhibitory receptor (KIR) monoclonal antibody (1-7F9, IPH2101) in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3015

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase I study of the anti-natural killer inhibitory receptor (KIR) monoclonal antibody (1-7F9, IPH2101) in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • We present the results of the first-in-human phase I trial of this agent in patients with AML in complete remission (CR).
  • METHODS: Patients aged 60-80 years with non promyelocytic AML in first CR following induction and 1-6 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy, normal renal, and hepatic functions, KIR-expression on patient NK-cells and who signed informed consent were eligible.Dose escalation (0.0003, 0.003, 0.015, 0.075, 0.3, 1, 3 mg/kg) was studied using a 3+3 scheme.
  • As expected for an IgG4, NK cell numbers were unaffected by the treatment.

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  • (PMID = 27962059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Shimokawa T, Kojima Y: [Gemtuzumab ozogamicin successfully induced molecular remission in relapsed therapy-related acute promyelocytic leukemia]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2008 Apr;49(4):270-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Gemtuzumab ozogamicin successfully induced molecular remission in relapsed therapy-related acute promyelocytic leukemia].
  • A 37-year-old woman was diagnosed with therapy-related acute promyelocytic leukemia (t-APL) in May 2006 after chemotherapy that included etoposide for ovarian cancer in November 2003.
  • After treatment with all-trans retinoic acid in combination with chemotherapy, complete remission was attained.
  • Molecular remission was attained without serious complication.
  • GO is considered a promising agent to achieve molecular remission in patients with relapsed t-APL.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoglycosides / therapeutic use. Antibodies, Monoclonal / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic / adverse effects. Etoposide / adverse effects. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / chemically induced. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized. Female. Humans. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 18516871.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoglycosides; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic; 0 / gemtuzumab; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide
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35. Kim ST, Jung CW, Lee J, Kwon JM, Oh SY, Park BB, Lee HR, Kim HJ, Kim K, Kim WS, Ahn JS, Kang WK, Park K: Postremission therapy for acute myeloid leukemia in the first remission. Leuk Lymphoma; 2007 May;48(5):937-43
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Postremission therapy for acute myeloid leukemia in the first remission.
  • The medical records of 99 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML; except AML, M3) in the first remission from 1995 to 2004 were retrospectively reviewed.
  • When they achieved complete remission, at first complete remission (CR1), patients received allogeneic (n = 23), autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) (n = 35), or intensive chemotherapy (n = 41) according to prognostic factors and donor availability.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17487738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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36. Baz R, Rodriguez C, Fu AZ, Jawde RA, Kalaycio M, Advani A, Sobecks R, Sekeres MA: Impact of remission induction chemotherapy on survival in older adults with acute myeloid leukemia. Cancer; 2007 Oct 15;110(8):1752-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Impact of remission induction chemotherapy on survival in older adults with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Significant controversy surrounds the use of remission induction chemotherapy (IC) in older adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • After further adjusting for age, gender, race, leukocyte count at presentation, AML cytogenetics, history of prior hematologic disorder, and assessing for comorbidities, not receiving IC was still associated with worse survival (hazards ratio of 1.88; 95% confidence interval, 1.15-3.05 [P = .01]).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests improved outcomes in older adults with AML who undergo remission induction therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Salvage Therapy. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17724726.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Yoruk A, Erguven M, Celiker E, Aki H, Timur C, Yuksel E, Ozkan H: Spontaneous remission of acute lymphoblastic leukemia with mediastinal mass. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Apr-May;25(3):181-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spontaneous remission of acute lymphoblastic leukemia with mediastinal mass.
  • Spontaneous remission/regression of cancer is defined as partial or complete disappearance of malignant disease temporarily or permanently in the absence of medical treatment.
  • This event is named as spontaneous regression for solid tumors and spontaneous remission for leukemia.
  • The authors report the case of a girl aged 4 years and 3 months, who presented with mediastinal mass and leukemic findings in the bone marrow both of which reappeared after spontaneous regression and remission, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Mediastinal Neoplasms. Neoplasm Regression, Spontaneous. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma

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  • (PMID = 18432500.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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38. Abou-Jawde RM, Sobecks R, Pohlman B, Rybicki L, Advani A, Sekeres M, Kalaycio M: The role of post-remission chemotherapy for older patients with acute myelogenous leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Apr;47(4):689-95
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  • [Title] The role of post-remission chemotherapy for older patients with acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • Standard practice in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is induction chemotherapy (ICT) followed by post-remission chemotherapy (PRT).
  • We previously reported a median disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) for patients in complete remission (CR) of 7.5 and 13.5 months, respectively, in 30 older patients treated with standard ICT and PRT (study A).
  • PRT has not clearly improved survival in older patients with AML, and therefore the routine addition of chemotherapy to older patients in complete remission is not indicated.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / administration & dosage. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Mitoxantrone / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Biopsy. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. Female. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • [CommentIn] Leuk Lymphoma. 2006 Apr;47(4):579-80 [16886271.001]
  • (PMID = 16690528.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 83869-56-1 / Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone
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39. Horikoshi Y, Kobayashi R, Endo M, Watanabe A, Kikuta A, Koike K, Hanada R, Hosoya R, Ohara A, Ikuta K, Goto H, Asami K, Sugita K, Horibe K, Tsurusawa M, Hori T, Hara J, Nishimura S, Nagatoshi Y, Mugishima H, Ohta S, Adachi S, Tsukimoto I: [Effectiveness of remission induction with high-dose cytarabine for relapsed or refractory pediatric acute leukemia]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2010 Feb;51(2):104-13
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  • [Title] [Effectiveness of remission induction with high-dose cytarabine for relapsed or refractory pediatric acute leukemia].
  • We conducted a multicenter postmarketing study to investigate the efficacy and safety of reinduction therapy with a high-dose cytarabine-containing regimen for pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia.
  • Seven of 13 patients (53.8%) with ALL achieved complete or partial remission, and only 1 of 6 patients (16.7%) with AML achieved partial remission.
  • The frequent non-hematologic adverse events were gastrointestinal toxicities, such as vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain, as well as pyrexia and headache.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Humans. Infant. Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis / etiology. Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis / prevention & control. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Male. Pulse Therapy, Drug. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20379101.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; English Abstract; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
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40. Sproat L, Bolwell B, Rybicki L, Tench S, Chan J, Kalaycio M, Dean R, Sobecks R, Pohlman B, Andresen S, Sweetenham J, Copelan E: Effect of post-remission chemotherapy preceding allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first remission. Leuk Lymphoma; 2010 Sep;51(9):1699-704
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  • [Title] Effect of post-remission chemotherapy preceding allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first remission.
  • Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with intermediate or high risk cytogenetics are often considered for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (AHSCT) in first remission.
  • Between attainment of remission and AHSCT, post-remission chemotherapy is frequently administered, though there is no evidence for its effectiveness.
  • This study was performed to determine the impact of post-remission chemotherapy on outcome after AHSCT.
  • A subset analysis was performed to determine whether the influence of post-remission chemotherapy might be different in those with intermediate compared to high risk cytogenetics.
  • There was no significant difference in relapse mortality (RM) (p = 0.70), non-relapse mortality (NRM) (p = 0.12), or survival (OS) (p = 0.15) between post-remission chemotherapy groups.
  • There was no difference in RM, NRM, or OS between cytogenetic groups according to whether they received post-remission chemotherapy.
  • These data do not show a benefit of post-remission chemotherapy before AHSCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Neoplasm, Residual / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Cohort Studies. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Cytogenetic Analysis. Daunorubicin / administration & dosage. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Graft vs Host Disease / etiology. Graft vs Host Disease / mortality. Graft vs Host Disease / therapy. Humans. Idarubicin / administration & dosage. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20629524.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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41. Lee JH, Yoon SS, Jung CW, Lee JH, Kim DY, Lee YS, Yun SC, Kim I, Park S, Kim BK, Kim K, Ahn JS, Lee KH: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for acute leukemia in first relapse or second remission. Korean J Hematol; 2010 Jun;45(2):95-101

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for acute leukemia in first relapse or second remission.
  • BACKGROUND: The role of pre-transplant salvage chemotherapy has been controversial in relapsed acute leukemia.
  • METHODS: We investigated post-transplant outcomes in 65 patients with acute leukemia treated with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) during first relapse or second remission.
  • Multivariate analysis for CIR revealed that patients with unfavorable cytogenetics and those not in remission at the time of HCT had a significantly high CIR (P = 0.031 and P = 0.031, respectively).
  • Allogeneic HCT was performed in 14 patients after first relapse without salvage chemotherapy ("untreated relapse" group), 15 patients failed chemotherapy for reinduction of remission before HCT ("refractory relapse" group), and 36 patients attained second remission with salvage chemotherapy before HCT ("second remission" group).
  • The 5-year CIR for patients in the untreated relapse group (57.1%) was higher than that for those in the second remission group (42.3%), but it was lower than that for patients in the refractory relapse group (66.7%).
  • CONCLUSION: Our results do not support the role of salvage chemotherapy aimed at re-induction of remission before allogeneic HCT in patients with acute leukemia after first relapse.

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  • (PMID = 21120187.001).
  • [ISSN] 2092-9129
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2983023
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acute leukemia / Allogeneic HCT / First relapse / Second remission
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42. Hill BT, Copelan EA: Acute myeloid leukemia: when to transplant in first complete remission. Curr Hematol Malig Rep; 2010 Apr;5(2):101-8
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  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia: when to transplant in first complete remission.
  • Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is commonly used to treat acute myeloid leukemia (AML) because it is potentially curative when other therapies have a low likelihood of success.
  • Although most patients with newly diagnosed AML will achieve a first complete remission (CR1) with standard induction chemotherapy, obtaining a durable remission necessarily requires either further (postremission) chemotherapy or allogeneic HSCT.
  • Whereas patients with favorable-risk cytogenetics fare better with postremission chemotherapy, allogeneic HSCT provides superior long-term survival for most non-elderly patients with intermediate-risk or unfavorable-risk AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid / surgery
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Humans. Remission Induction. Risk Assessment. Time Factors. Transplantation, Autologous. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20425403.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-822X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current hematologic malignancy reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Hematol Malig Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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43. Potenza L, Luppi M, Riva G, Marasca R, Martinelli S, Torelli G: Efficacy of imatinib mesylate as maintenance therapy in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission. Haematologica; 2005 Sep;90(9):1275-7
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  • [Title] Efficacy of imatinib mesylate as maintenance therapy in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission.
  • Seven Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL) patients in first complete remission received maintenance therapy with imatinib alone.
  • (iii) only the wide and rapid increment of BCR-ABL values was predictive of leukemia relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / drug therapy. Piperazines / therapeutic use. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Benzamides. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Imatinib Mesylate. Male. Middle Aged. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. Remission Induction


44. Linker C: The role of autologous transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia in first and second remission. Best Pract Res Clin Haematol; 2007 Mar;20(1):77-84
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The role of autologous transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia in first and second remission.
  • Since 1986, the University of California San Francisco has developed novel approaches to autologous transplantation for acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Strategies have included intensive preparative regimens using busulfan and etoposide, and evolving strategies for pre-transplant consolidation and stem cell collection.
  • Treatment-related mortality has been low (<5%), and after problems with slow engraftment and extended mucosal and skin toxicity in initial studies using 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC)-purged bone marrow, peripheral blood autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) has been well tolerated even in older patients.
  • Long-term event-free survival (EFS) has been excellent in first remission (CR1) cytogenetically favorable groups, particularly with post-transplant treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients with all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA; EFS 88%).
  • ASCT in advanced disease showed overall long-term EFS of 44%; patients with APL in second remission achieved long-term EFS of 64%.
  • Even among those failing primary induction, after remission induction with an alternative regimen, EFS was 61%.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid / therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Clinical Trials as Topic. Disease-Free Survival. Humans. Immunotherapy. Remission Induction. Transplantation Conditioning. Transplantation, Autologous

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  • (PMID = 17336257.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-6926
  • [Journal-full-title] Best practice & research. Clinical haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Best Pract Res Clin Haematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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45. Hirayama Y, Terui T, Koike K, Neda H, Ishitani K, Kohda K, Kuroda H, Iyama S, Sato T, Kobune M, Takimoto R, Kato J: [Successful induction of complete remission by gemtuzumab ozogamicin following chemotherapy in three patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2009 Aug;50(8):663-5
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  • [Title] [Successful induction of complete remission by gemtuzumab ozogamicin following chemotherapy in three patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia].
  • The institutional review board of our hospital approved FLAG-MG therapy (G-CSF 300 microg day 1-6, fludarabin 30 mg/m(2) day 2-6, Ara-C 1 g/m(2) day 2-6, mitoxantrone 5 mg/m(2) day 2-4, gemtuzumab ozogamicin 3 mg/m(2) day 9) for relapsed or refractory elderly acute myeloid leukemia patients.
  • All three patients were induced complete remission after FLAG-MG therapy without serious complications.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoglycosides / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Drug Administration Schedule. Female. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / administration & dosage. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Mitoxantrone / administration & dosage. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Vidarabine / administration & dosage. Vidarabine / analogs & derivatives

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  • (PMID = 19915382.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoglycosides; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / gemtuzumab; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone; FA2DM6879K / Vidarabine; P2K93U8740 / fludarabine
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46. Yang H, Kadia T, Xiao L, Bueso-Ramos CE, Hoshino K, Thomas DA, O'Brien S, Jabbour E, Pierce S, Rosner GL, Kantarjian HM, Garcia-Manero G: Residual DNA methylation at remission is prognostic in adult Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphocytic leukemia. Blood; 2009 Feb 26;113(9):1892-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Residual DNA methylation at remission is prognostic in adult Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphocytic leukemia.
  • Pretreatment aberrant DNA methylation patterns are stable at time of relapse in acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
  • We hypothesized that the detection of residual methylation alterations at the time of morphologic remission may predict for worse prognosis.
  • We developed a real-time bisulfite polymerase chain reaction assay and analyzed the methylation levels of p73, p15, and p57(KIP2) at the time of initial remission in 199 patients with Philadelphia chromosome-negative and MLL(-) ALL.
  • In 123 (65%) patients, matched pretreatment samples were also studied and compared with remission ones: in 82 of those with initial aberrant methylation of at least one gene, 59 (72%) had no detectable methylation at remission and 23 (28%) had detectable residual methylation.
  • By multivariate analysis, the presence of residual p73 methylation was associated with a significant shorter duration of first complete remission (hazard ratio=2.68, P= .003) and overall survival (hazard ratio=2.69, P= .002).

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  • (PMID = 19109226.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA105771; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016672; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA100067; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R21 CA100067; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA105771
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p57; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 0 / tumor suppressor protein p73
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2651008
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47. Derwich K, Sedek L, Meyer C, Pieczonka A, Dawidowska M, Gaworczyk A, Wachowiak J, Konatkowska B, Witt M, Marschalek R, Szczepański T: Infant acute bilineal leukemia. Leuk Res; 2009 Jul;33(7):1005-8
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  • [Title] Infant acute bilineal leukemia.
  • Most cases of acute leukemia can be assigned to the myeloid, B or T lineage.
  • There are rare cases of acute leukemia, which cannot be clearly classified, because either blasts express antigens of more than one lineage (acute biphenotypic leukemias) or distinct blast populations of two lineages co-exist (acute bilineal leukemias, aBLL).
  • We present a 10-month-old infant with de novo aBLL, characterized by blasts of monocytic and B-cell precursor lineages.
  • Despite poor initial response, both to acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) induction treatment and acute myeloid leukemia induction blocks, the child reached complete clinical remission with minimal residual disease negative status and was transplanted.
  • This case report illustrates that aBLL is a very aggressive type of acute leukemia that should be individually treated and monitored, particularly in children less than 1 year of age.
  • [MeSH-major] B-Lymphocytes / pathology. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Lineage. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Infant. Male. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19286255.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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48. Roberson JR, Spraker HL, Shelso J, Zhou Y, Inaba H, Metzger ML, Rubnitz JE, Ribeiro RC, Sandlund JT, Jeha S, Pui CH, Howard SC: Clinical consequences of hyperglycemia during remission induction therapy for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Leukemia; 2009 Feb;23(2):245-50
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  • [Title] Clinical consequences of hyperglycemia during remission induction therapy for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Hyperglycemia adversely affects outcome in adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but its impact on children with this disease is unknown.
  • We evaluated the relationship between hyperglycemia during remission induction therapy and clinical outcomes among pediatric patients with ALL.
  • We reviewed the records of patients enrolled on four consecutive ALL protocols (Total Therapy protocols XIIIA, XIIIB, XIV and XV) at St Jude Children's Research Hospital from 1991 to 2007 and identified those who experienced hyperglycemia (glucose >or=200 mg per 100 ml) during remission induction.
  • Complete remission (CR) rates at the end of induction, event-free survival (EFS), overall survival (OS), cumulative incidence of relapse and occurrence of infections were compared between those who did and did not experience hyperglycemia.
  • Of 871 patients analyzed, 141 (16%) experienced hyperglycemia during remission induction.
  • Pediatric patients with or without hyperglycemia during remission induction for ALL have similar clinical outcome.

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  • (PMID = 18923438.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01 GM061393-09; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-78224; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078224-09; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / U01 GM061393; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-60419; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R37 CA036401-21; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA060419-13; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA078224; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R37 CA036401; None / None / / R01 CA051001-15; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-36401; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA060419; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-51001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-21765; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA051001-15; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765; None / None / / R01 CA078224-09; None / None / / P30 CA021765-30; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA051001; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA036401; None / None / / R01 CA060419-13; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765-30; United States / NIGMS NIH HHS / GM / GM-61393; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U01 CA060419; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA036401-21
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS104861; NLM/ PMC2706830
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49. Shin S, Kahng J, Kim M, Lim J, Kim Y, Han K: [Distribution of antigenic aberration in the bone marrow of acute leukemia in complete remission]. Korean J Lab Med; 2008 Feb;28(1):1-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Distribution of antigenic aberration in the bone marrow of acute leukemia in complete remission].
  • BACKGROUND: The aberrant, leukemia-associated antigen expression patterns allow us to discriminate leukemic blasts from normal precursor cells.
  • Our major goal was to determine a guideline for the detection of minimal residual disease using CD20+/CD34+ and myeloid Ag+/CD19+ combination in the bone marrow of acute leukemia in complete remission (CR) after chemotherapy.
  • METHODS: Bone marrow samples from 117 patients with acute leukemia in complete remission after chemotherapy and from 22 healthy controls were immunophenotyped by triple staining and measured by flow cytometry.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Bone Marrow Cells / classification. Leukemia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Antigens, CD19 / metabolism. Antigens, CD20 / metabolism. Antigens, CD34 / metabolism. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / analysis. Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / immunology. Flow Cytometry. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / classification. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Neoplasm, Residual. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 18309249.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Lab Med
  • [Language] kor
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD19; 0 / Antigens, CD20; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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50. Fukuda M: [Oral administration of arsenic trioxide induced molecular remission in relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2005 Nov;46(11):1223-5
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  • [Title] [Oral administration of arsenic trioxide induced molecular remission in relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia].
  • I report on a 21-year-old man with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) which relapsed after a therapeutic regimen consisting of tretinoin, daunorubicin, enocitabine, mitoxantrone, and cytarabine.
  • The patient achieved molecular remission 103 days after the start of oral As2O3, and remains in remission after an additional 2 courses of oral As2O3 as consolidation chemotherapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Arsenicals / administration & dosage. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Oxides / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Administration, Oral. Adult. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 16440808.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Arsenicals; 0 / Oxides; S7V92P67HO / arsenic trioxide
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51. Benz R, Goede JS, Parlier V, Mühlematter D, Jotterand M, Fehr J: G-CSF-induced remission in two cases of acute myeloid leukemia. Leuk Res; 2008 Jul;32(7):1148-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] G-CSF-induced remission in two cases of acute myeloid leukemia.
  • We report on two elderly patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who were treated in palliative intention because of comorbidities and intermediate or poor risk cytogenetics.
  • Interestingly, one patient achieved a full hematological remission and the other a peripheral remission with dramatic reduction of the bone marrow blast count.
  • [MeSH-major] Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 18166225.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
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52. Murphy AJ, Wells JC, Williams JE, Fewtrell MS, Davies PS, Webb DK: Body composition in children in remission from acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Am J Clin Nutr; 2006 Jan;83(1):70-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Body composition in children in remission from acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Changes in body composition are commonly reported in pediatric survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • However, the effect of ALL and of its treatment on body composition in children in remission from ALL has not been fully examined with the use of a reference method.
  • OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the body composition and composition of fat-free mass (FFM) in children in remission from ALL.
  • DESIGN: This cross-sectional study measured height, weight, body volume, total body water, and bone mineral content in 24 children in remission from ALL and 24 age-matched, healthy control subjects.
  • Examination of the composition of FFM made it evident that children in remission from ALL had both significantly greater hydration (P = 0.001) and lower density (P = 0.0001) of FFM than did the control children.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Children in remission from ALL may develop excess body fat.
  • [MeSH-major] Adipose Tissue / metabolism. Body Composition. Body Water / metabolism. Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Absorptiometry, Photon. Body Mass Index. Case-Control Studies. Child. Cross-Sectional Studies. Deuterium. Dexamethasone / adverse effects. Dexamethasone / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Male. Models, Biological. Plethysmography. Prednisolone / adverse effects. Prednisolone / therapeutic use. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 16400052.001).
  • [ISSN] 0002-9165
  • [Journal-full-title] The American journal of clinical nutrition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Clin. Nutr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; 9PHQ9Y1OLM / Prednisolone; AR09D82C7G / Deuterium
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53. Baron F, Storb R: Hematopoietic cell transplantation after reduced-intensity conditioning for older adults with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission. Curr Opin Hematol; 2007 Mar;14(2):145-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hematopoietic cell transplantation after reduced-intensity conditioning for older adults with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission.
  • PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation with myeloablative conditioning is a well established therapy for patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Its efficacy depends, in part, on the destruction of recipient acute myeloid leukemia cells by the conditioning regimen and, in part on their removal by donor immune cells contained in the graft (graft-versus-tumor effect).
  • Due to regimen-related toxicities, the use of myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation has been restricted to younger patients in good condition.
  • More recently, the introduction of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation following reduced-intensity or nonmyeloablative conditioning regimens, which rely mainly on graft-versus-tumor effects for tumor cell eradication, has permitted extending hematopoietic cell transplantation to include older patients and those with medical comorbidities.
  • RECENT FINDINGS: Early results with allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation after nonmyeloablative and reduced-intensity conditioning for patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission are encouraging, with 2-year survivals after hematopoietic cell transplantation ranging from 48 to 79% among studies.
  • Further, retrospective studies have demonstrated similar outcomes in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission given either myeloablative or nonmyeloablative conditioning.
  • SUMMARY: Prospective studies are needed to define the place of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation after nonmyeloablative or reduced-intensity conditioning in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission, and to determine a role for consolidation chemotherapy before hematopoietic cell transplantation, if any.

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  • (PMID = 17255792.001).
  • [ISSN] 1065-6251
  • [Journal-full-title] Current opinion in hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr. Opin. Hematol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA18029; United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / HL36444; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA78902; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA15704; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA078902
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 41
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54. Nibourel O, Kosmider O, Cheok M, Boissel N, Renneville A, Philippe N, Dombret H, Dreyfus F, Quesnel B, Geffroy S, Quentin S, Roche-Lestienne C, Cayuela JM, Roumier C, Fenaux P, Vainchenker W, Bernard OA, Soulier J, Fontenay M, Preudhomme C: Incidence and prognostic value of TET2 alterations in de novo acute myeloid leukemia achieving complete remission. Blood; 2010 Aug 19;116(7):1132-5
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidence and prognostic value of TET2 alterations in de novo acute myeloid leukemia achieving complete remission.
  • We analyzed the incidence and prognostic value of TET2 point mutations and other genomic alterations by direct sequencing and single nucleotide polymorphism microarray analysis in 111 de novo acute myeloid leukemia, who had all achieved complete remission (CR).
  • [MeSH-major] DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Mutation / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics. Translocation, Genetic / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Female. Gene Expression Profiling. Humans. Incidence. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Survival Rate. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20489055.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / TET2 protein, human
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55. Li X, Zhao YZ, Li ZJ, Yang RC, Han MZ, Qiu LG: [The effects of different post-remission treatment on long-term survival of acute promyelocytic leukemia]. Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi; 2006 Sep;45(9):741-3
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [The effects of different post-remission treatment on long-term survival of acute promyelocytic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To Summarize and compare the effects of the different post-remission treatment on long-term survival in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients.
  • METHODS: The long-term survival and relapse of 111 APL patients with different post-remission treatment were retrospectively analyzed.
  • CONCLUSION: The APL patients receiving combined post-remission therapy had better OS and RFS those receiving chemotherapy alone.
  • Sequential therapy combining ATRA, As(2)O(3) and chemotherapy is the best post-remission therapy for long-term survival of APL patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / mortality. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 17166449.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1426
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua nei ke za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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56. Marks DI, Pérez WS, He W, Zhang MJ, Bishop MR, Bolwell BJ, Bredeson CN, Copelan EA, Gale RP, Gupta V, Hale GA, Isola LM, Jakubowski AA, Keating A, Klumpp TR, Lazarus HM, Liesveld JL, Maziarz RT, McCarthy PL, Sabloff M, Schiller G, Sierra J, Tallman MS, Waller EK, Wiernik PH, Weisdorf DJ: Unrelated donor transplants in adults with Philadelphia-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission. Blood; 2008 Jul 15;112(2):426-34
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Unrelated donor transplants in adults with Philadelphia-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission.
  • We report the retrospective outcomes of unrelated donor (URD) transplants in 169 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in first complete remission (CR1) who received transplants between 1995 and 2004.
  • A total of 50% had a white blood cell count (WBC) more than 30 x 10(9)/L, 18% extramedullary disease, 42% achieved CR more than 8 weeks from diagnosis, 25% had adverse cytogenetics, and 19% had T-cell leukemia.
  • At 54-month median follow-up, incidences of acute grade 2-IV, III to IV, and chronic graft-versus-host disease were 50%, 25%, and 43%, respectively.
  • In multivariate analyses, TRM was significantly higher with HLA-mismatched donors and T-cell depletion.
  • Factors associated with poorer survival included WBC more than 100 x 10(9)/L, more than 8 weeks to CR1, cytomegalovirus seropositivity, HLA mismatching, and T-cell depletion.

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  • [CommentIn] Blood. 2008 Jul 15;112(2):212 [18606879.001]
  • [CommentIn] Blood. 2008 Jul 15;112(2):447-8; author reply 448-9 [18606892.001]
  • (PMID = 18398065.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA076518; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24-CA76518
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2442751
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57. Messerer D, Engel J, Hasford J, Schaich M, Ehninger G, Sauerland C, Büchner T, Schumacher A, Krahl R, Niederwieser D, Krauter J, Ganser A, Creutzig U, Döhner H, Schlenk RF, German AML Intergroup: Impact of different post-remission strategies on quality of life in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Haematologica; 2008 Jun;93(6):826-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Impact of different post-remission strategies on quality of life in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: The impact on quality of life of allogeneic stem cell transplantation or conventional chemotherapy in patients with acute myeloid leukemia remains unclear, mainly because of a lack of studies with long-term follow-up.
  • The patients' median age at diagnosis was 42 years, and the median follow-up period was 8 years.
  • One hundred and seventy patients were treated with stem cell transplantation (121 allogenic, 49 autologous) in first complete remission; the other 249 patients were treated with conventional chemotherapy.
  • RESULTS: The ECOG activity index revealed normal activity in 45% vs. 60% of the patients in the allogeneic stem cell transplantation vs. conventional chemotherapy groups, respectively and disabled person status in 60% vs. 35%.
  • All QLQ-C30 functions, except physical functioning and pain, were poorer in allogeneic stem cell transplantation patients.
  • Problems in leisure-time activities, social life, and financial management, sexual limitations and adverse effects were significantly more frequent in patients after allogeneic stem cell transplantation than after conventional chemotherapy.
  • Multivariate logistic regression models on global health status revealed concomitant disease, age > 45 years, and allogeneic stem cell transplantation as significant risk factors.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that, compared to conventional chemotherapy, allogeneic stem cell transplantation has a significantly worse long-term impact on quality of life.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Remission Induction

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  • [CommentIn] Haematologica. 2008 Jun;93(6):801-5 [18515876.001]
  • (PMID = 18469349.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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58. Shipley JL, Butera JN: Acute myelogenous leukemia. Exp Hematol; 2009 Jun;37(6):649-58
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous disease with outcomes dependent upon several factors, including patient age, karyotype, mutational status, and comorbid conditions.
  • For younger patients, approximately 60% to 80% achieve complete remission with standard therapy involving cytarabine and an anthracycline.
  • For adults older than 60 years of age, only 40% to 55% achieve a complete remission, with dismal long-term survival rates.
  • Unfortunately, the median age at diagnosis for AML is 70 years.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 19463767.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2399
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 105
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59. Yoon JH, Park JA, Kim EK, Kang HJ, Shin HY, Ahn HS: Improvement of induction remission rate by modifying the dose of idarubicin for relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Korean Med Sci; 2009 Apr;24(2):281-8
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  • [Title] Improvement of induction remission rate by modifying the dose of idarubicin for relapsed childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Relapse is the major cause of treatment failure in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), yet there is no established treatment for relapsed ALL.
  • To improve the induction remission rate, we modified the dose of idarubicin in the original Children's Cancer Group (CCG)-1884 protocol, and retrospectively compared the results.
  • Complete remission (CR) rate in all patients after induction chemotherapy was 57%.
  • Remission failure due to treatment-related mortality (TRM) was 44% and 5.2% in the idarubicin 12.5 mg/m(2)/week and 10 mg/m(2)/week groups, respectively (p=0.011).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Idarubicin / administration & dosage. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 19399271.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6357
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Korean medical science
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Korean Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2672129
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Idarubicin / Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / Recurrence / Remission Induction
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60. Silverman LB, Supko JG, Stevenson KE, Woodward C, Vrooman LM, Neuberg DS, Asselin BL, Athale UH, Clavell L, Cole PD, Kelly KM, Laverdière C, Michon B, Schorin M, Schwartz CL, O'Brien JE, Cohen HJ, Sallan SE: Intravenous PEG-asparaginase during remission induction in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2010 Feb 18;115(7):1351-3
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  • [Title] Intravenous PEG-asparaginase during remission induction in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Over the past several decades, L-asparaginase, an important component of therapy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), has typically been administered intramuscularly rather than intravenously in North America because of concerns regarding anaphylaxis.
  • Between 2005 and 2007, 197 patients (age, 1-17 years) were enrolled on Dana-Farber Cancer Institute ALL Consortium Protocol 05-01 and received a single dose of intravenous PEG-asparaginase (2500 IU/m(2)) over 1 hour during remission induction.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Asparaginase / administration & dosage. Polyethylene Glycols / administration & dosage. Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Feasibility Studies. Humans. Infant. Infusions, Intravenous. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 20007809.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00400946
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA068484; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 5 P01CA068484
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 30IQX730WE / Polyethylene Glycols; 7D96IR0PPM / pegaspargase; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2826760
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61. Tallman MS, Pérez WS, Lazarus HM, Gale RP, Maziarz RT, Rowe JM, Marks DI, Cahn JY, Bashey A, Bishop MR, Christiansen N, Frankel SR, García JJ, Ilhan O, Laughlin MJ, Liesveld J, Linker C, Litzow MR, Luger S, McCarthy PL, Milone GA, Pavlovsky S, Phillips GL, Russell JA, Saez RA, Schiller G, Sierra J, Weiner RS, Zander AR, Zhang MJ, Keating A, Weisdorf DJ, Horowitz MM: Pretransplantation consolidation chemotherapy decreases leukemia relapse after autologous blood and bone marrow transplants for acute myelogenous leukemia in first remission. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant; 2006 Feb;12(2):204-16
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  • [Title] Pretransplantation consolidation chemotherapy decreases leukemia relapse after autologous blood and bone marrow transplants for acute myelogenous leukemia in first remission.
  • Controversy exists over whether pretransplantation consolidation chemotherapy affects the outcome of subsequent autotransplantation for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
  • The current study was undertaken to determine the association between previous consolidation and outcome of autotransplantation for AML in first remission.
  • Five-year leukemia-free survival rates were 39% (95% CI = 30%-47%) with no consolidation, 53% (95% CI = 46%-60%) with standard-dose cytarabine, and 48% (95% CI = 40%-56%) with high-dose cytarabine (P = .03).
  • In multivariate analysis, risks of relapse and treatment failure were lower in the patients receiving consolidation, especially among those patients receiving blood cell grafts.
  • Based on our findings, we recommend that patients with AML in first remission receive consolidation before undergoing autotransplantation.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Bone Marrow Transplantation / mortality. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Transplantation, Autologous

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  • (PMID = 16443518.001).
  • [ISSN] 1083-8791
  • [Journal-full-title] Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24-CA76518
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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62. Steinherz PG, Shukla N, Kobos R, Steinherz L: Remission re-induction chemotherapy with clofarabine, topotecan, thiotepa, and vinorelbine for patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2010 May;54(5):687-93
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  • [Title] Remission re-induction chemotherapy with clofarabine, topotecan, thiotepa, and vinorelbine for patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: We determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of clofarabine when administered with topotecan, vinorelbine, thiotepa, and dexamethasone (TVTC) for children with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia, and observed the efficacy and toxicities of this therapy.
  • PROCEDURE: Twelve patients with acute lymphoblastic or myeloblastic leukemia were given a 14-day remission induction therapy.
  • Patients who achieved a remission proceeded to a stem cell transplant (HSCT).
  • RESULTS: Of the six patients at the 30 mg/m(2) clofarabine dose, two achieved a complete response (CR) and one a PR and proceeded to BMT.
  • One patient died on day 45 with marrow hypoplasia without evidence of leukemia.
  • The one dose limiting non-infectious toxicity observed was prolonged marrow hypoplasia.
  • CONCLUSION: TVTC has significant anti-leukemic activity in both acute lymphoblastic and myeloblastic leukemia.
  • This is the recommended dose for the phase II study in patients with refractory or relapsed leukemia, a population which has limited therapeutic options.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Salvage Therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenine Nucleotides / administration & dosage. Adenine Nucleotides / adverse effects. Adolescent. Adult. Arabinonucleosides / administration & dosage. Arabinonucleosides / adverse effects. Child. Child, Preschool. Drug Administration Schedule. Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions. Female. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Infant. Male. Maximum Tolerated Dose. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Thiotepa / administration & dosage. Thiotepa / adverse effects. Topotecan / administration & dosage. Topotecan / adverse effects. Vinblastine / administration & dosage. Vinblastine / adverse effects. Vinblastine / analogs & derivatives

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  • (PMID = 20205253.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 5V9KLZ54CY / Vinblastine; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine; 7M7YKX2N15 / Topotecan; 905Z5W3GKH / Thiotepa; Q6C979R91Y / vinorelbine
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63. Corey SJ, Elopre M, Weitman S, Rytting ME, Robinson LJ, Rumelhart S, Goldman FD: Complete remission following clofarabine treatment in refractory juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Mar;27(3):166-8
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  • [Title] Complete remission following clofarabine treatment in refractory juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is the most common myeloproliferative/myelodysplastic disorder seen in children.
  • The treatment of choice, allogeneic stem cell transplantation, provides the only known cure for the disease, but relapse after transplant is common.
  • The authors describe a 5-year-old boy diagnosed at age 34 months with JMML that evolved to acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Initial treatment consisted of fludarabine and cis-retinoic acid therapy, followed by a matched sibling bone marrow transplant.
  • After the second relapse, he received the farnesyltransferase inhibitor R115777 (tipifarnib, Zarnestra), but the leukemia persisted.
  • After three courses, he attained a remission marrow with 5% blasts and disappearance of the 5q- and 9q- cytogenetic abnormalities.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenine Nucleotides. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Child. Humans. Male. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy. Remission Induction. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15750451.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
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64. Yanada M, Garcia-Manero G, Borthakur G, Ravandi F, Kantarjian H, Estey E: Potential cure of acute myeloid leukemia : analysis of 1069 consecutive patients in first complete remission. Cancer; 2007 Dec 15;110(12):2756-60
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Potential cure of acute myeloid leukemia : analysis of 1069 consecutive patients in first complete remission.
  • BACKGROUND: Potential cure of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is now a widely accepted idea, but it is uncertain whether there is heterogeneity in the failure rate in patients once they have been in complete remission (CR) for various periods of time.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Disease-Free Survival. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Risk Factors. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17948909.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1P01CA108632
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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65. Wang H, Li D, Li JT, Wang XL, Hao LC: [Side effects of L-asparaginase during therapies for remission induction and maintenance in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Jun;17(3):739-41

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Side effects of L-asparaginase during therapies for remission induction and maintenance in children with acute lymphocytic leukemia].
  • This study was purposed to investigate the possible side effects of L-asparaginase (L-ASP) in the treatment of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and to explore the correlation of these side effects at different therapeutic stages by means of retrospective analysis, so as to reduce the incidence of side effects and improve the safety of chemotherapy and the long-term survival of patients.
  • The probability and severity of side effects related to use of L-ASP in 38 cases of ALL during remission induction therapy (VDLDex regimen) and 40 cases of ALL during maintenance intensive therapy (VMLDex regimen) were compared.
  • The results showed that allergic response, diabetes and drug-induced liver disease happened more frequently during maintenance therapy than during remission induction therapy, while defibrination, abnormal hemagglutinin, acute pancreatitis, hypoproteinemia, gastrointestinal reaction and infectious shock were observed more during remission induction therapy than those at maintenance therapy.
  • In conclusion, the L-ASP showed some side effects especially for the patients during the remission induction therapy which should be paid enough attention.

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  • (PMID = 19549398.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase
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71. Song KW, Mollee PN, Hogge DE, Gupta V, Barnett MJ, Forrest DL, Lavoie JC, Nevill TJ, Nantel SH, Shepherd JD, Smith CA, Sutherland HJ, Toze CL, Crump M, Keating A: Predictive value of karyotype on outcome of autotransplants for acute myeloid leukemia in second remission. Leuk Lymphoma; 2005 Apr;46(4):525-31
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  • [Title] Predictive value of karyotype on outcome of autotransplants for acute myeloid leukemia in second remission.
  • The impact of karyotype on the outcome of patients who undergo autotransplant for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in second remission (CR2) has not been explored.
  • The median age at autotransplant was 50 years (18-64 years) and the median duration of first remission was 15 months (0.8-51 months).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Transplantation, Autologous. Treatment Failure. Treatment Outcome. Whole-Body Irradiation

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  • (PMID = 16019480.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
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72. Steinherz PG, Meyers PA, Steinherz LJ, Jeha S: Clofarabine induced durable complete remission in heavily pretreated adolescents with relapsed and refractory leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2007 Sep;29(9):656-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clofarabine induced durable complete remission in heavily pretreated adolescents with relapsed and refractory leukemia.
  • Clofarabine is a new nucleoside analog that has demonstrated clinical benefit in phase I-II studies, and is currently being studied in children and adults with leukemias and has been approved for the treatment of children with relapsed or refractory acute lymphocytic leukemia.
  • We report the experience of three adolescents, two with acute lymphocytic leukemia in 3rd relapse and one with relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia, who achieved complete remission with clofarabine.
  • [MeSH-major] Adenine Nucleotides / therapeutic use. Arabinonucleosides / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Female. Humans. Male. Recurrence. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 17805046.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Adenine Nucleotides; 0 / Arabinonucleosides; 762RDY0Y2H / clofarabine
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73. Wang SH, Yu L, Wang QS, Li HH, Zhao Y, Li F: [Effects of FLAG protocol in treatment of the first time induced non-remission acute myeloid leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Dec;15(6):1297-9
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  • [Title] [Effects of FLAG protocol in treatment of the first time induced non-remission acute myeloid leukemia].
  • In order to evaluate the efficacy of FLAG protocol (fludarabine, cytosine arabinoside and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor) in treatment of the first time induced non-remission acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 19 patients with first time induced non-remission acute myeloid leukemia were treated with FLAG protocol.
  • The results showed that out of the 19 patients 13 patients obtained complete remission (CR) and the CR rate was 68.4%, 2 patients obtained partial remission (PR) and the PR rate was 10.5%, the overall remission rate was 78.9%.
  • Among the patients in CR 5 patients had been received allogeneic stem cell transplantation, 3 patients from them survived without disease, including 1 patient has survived 26 months and still remains in CR.
  • It is concluded that the FLAG protocol should be employed for the the first time induced non-remission patients as early as possible, and provides conditions for the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

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  • (PMID = 18088488.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; FA2DM6879K / Vidarabine
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74. Balleisen S, Kuendgen A, Hildebrandt B, Haas R, Germing U: Prognostic relevance of achieving cytogenetic remission in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome following induction chemotherapy. Leuk Res; 2009 Sep;33(9):1189-93
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  • [Title] Prognostic relevance of achieving cytogenetic remission in patients with acute myelogenous leukemia or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome following induction chemotherapy.
  • Cytogenetic findings at diagnosis have influence on prognosis in patients with acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML) or MDS who undergo induction chemotherapy.
  • Assessment of remission and treatment decisions are based on cytological findings.
  • We analyzed the prognostic impact of cytogenetic remission status in 118 patients with abnormal karyotype who received induction chemotherapy.
  • Eighty-three patients achieved complete remission (CR) and 20 achieved partial remission.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / drug therapy. Remission Induction


75. Gujral S, Polampalli S, Badrinath Y, Kumar A, Subramanian PG, Raje G, Amare P, Arora B, Banavali SD, Nair CN: Clinico-hematological profile in biphenotypic acute leukemia. Indian J Cancer; 2009 Apr-Jun;46(2):160-8
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  • [Title] Clinico-hematological profile in biphenotypic acute leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: We present a clinico-hematological profile and treatment outcome of Biphenotypic Acute Leukemia (BAL).
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Diagnosis was based on WHO classification, including clinical details, morphology, cytochemistry, immunophenotyping, and molecular genetics.
  • We included those cases, which fulfilled the European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Acute Leukemia's (EGIL's) scoring system criteria for the diagnosis of BAL, as per recommendation of the WHO classification.
  • Fifteen patients received chemotherapy; eight achieved complete remission (CR) at the end of the induction period.
  • BCR-ABL expression is an important prognostic factor, as these cases will be labeled as Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blast crisis with biphenotypic expression and treated accordingly.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / blood. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19346652.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-509X
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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76. Ghosh I, Kumar L, Seth R, Thavraj V: Sustained remission achieved with ATRA and chemotherapy in second relapse of acute promyelocytic leukemia in Down syndrome. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2009 Aug;31(8):539-40
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Sustained remission achieved with ATRA and chemotherapy in second relapse of acute promyelocytic leukemia in Down syndrome.
  • Children with Down syndrome (DS) are at an increased risk of developing acute leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia predominates among DS children below 4 years of age but acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has rarely been reported in DS.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia in DS is extremely sensitive to treatment but the optimum treatment of de novo or relapsed APL in DS is not known.
  • We describe a child with DS and APL, who despite having a multiply relapsing course, achieved a third remission with ATRA and chemotherapy, which is sustained with maintenance therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Down Syndrome / complications. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / prevention & control. Tretinoin / administration & dosage
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Humans. Recurrence. Remission Induction

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  • (PMID = 19636277.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin
  • [Number-of-references] 13
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77. Tsavaris N, Kopterides P, Kosmas C, Siakantaris M, Patsouris E, Pangalis G: Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia associated with GnRH agonist treatment. Leuk Lymphoma; 2006 Mar;47(3):557-60
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  • [Title] Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia associated with GnRH agonist treatment.
  • Spontaneous remission of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults is a rare but well documented phenomenon.
  • This study reports on a 64-year-old male patient with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML-M4, according to the French-American-British classification) that was developed on a background of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and then underwent remission after treatment with the gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist) triptorelin for presumed prostate cancer.
  • Remission persisted for at least 4 years before the patient was lost to follow-up.
  • To the author' knowledge, this is the first report of remission in an AML-M4 case associated with hormone manipulation.
  • [MeSH-major] Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone / agonists. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / drug therapy. Triptorelin Pamoate / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission, Spontaneous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16396781.001).
  • [ISSN] 1042-8194
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 33515-09-2 / Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone; 57773-63-4 / Triptorelin Pamoate
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78. Ustun C, Corless CL, Savage N, Fiskus W, Manaloor E, Heinrich MC, Lewis G, Ramalingam P, Kepten I, Jillella A, Bhalla K: Chemotherapy and dasatinib induce long-term hematologic and molecular remission in systemic mastocytosis with acute myeloid leukemia with KIT D816V. Leuk Res; 2009 May;33(5):735-41
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  • [Title] Chemotherapy and dasatinib induce long-term hematologic and molecular remission in systemic mastocytosis with acute myeloid leukemia with KIT D816V.
  • Dasatinib has been reported to potently inhibit juxtamembrane domain mutant KIT(D816V) autophosphorylation and KIT-dependent activation of down stream signaling important for cell growth and survival of neoplastic cells.
  • Additionally, dasatinib induced apoptosis in mast cell and leukemia cell lines expressing KIT(D816V).
  • Here, we present the first case report of long-term hematologic and molecular remission achieved with combined treatment with chemotherapy and dasatinib in a patient with systemic mastocytosis (SM) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with mutant KIT(D816V) expression.
  • The patient was found to have systemic mastocytosis (SM) and acute myelogeneous leukemia (AML) positive for KIT(D816V) and therefore diagnosed with SM with an associated clonal hematological non-mast cell lineage disease (SM-AHNMD).
  • In addition, dasatinib diminished activity of STAT5, STAT3, AKT and ERK and attenuated the levels of c-KIT.
  • The patient achieved a hematologic complete remission (HCR) by two induction chemotherapies with residual mastocytes.
  • This result was confirmed by an independent laboratory showing a lack of c-KIT mutation in both CD34+ cells and CD34- cells in the last BM.
  • Along with chemotherapy, dasatinib should be considered in these patients particularly if they cannot undergo allogeneic stem cell transplantation for this poor prognostic AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Mastocytosis, Systemic / drug therapy. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use. Thiazoles / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Blotting, Western. DNA Primers. DNA Probes. Dasatinib. Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction


79. Michallet AS, Chelghoum Y, Thiebaut A, Le QH, Prebet T, Tavernier E, Antal D, Nicolini F, Troncy J, Elhamri M, Michallet M, Thomas X: Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for adults with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission: the Edouard Herriot Hospital experience. Hematology; 2006 Jun;11(3):157-64
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  • [Title] Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for adults with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission: the Edouard Herriot Hospital experience.
  • We retrospectively assess the long-term outcome and determined prognostic factors correlated with outcomes in adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) undergoing autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in our institution over a 19-year period.
  • A total of 78 adults who received autologous HSCT for AML in first complete remission (CR) and of 21 adults in further CR were included in the study.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Transplantation / statistics & numerical data. Leukemia, Myeloid / surgery. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation / statistics & numerical data. Salvage Therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Incidence. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Transplantation Conditioning / adverse effects. Transplantation, Autologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17325955.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-8454
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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80. Fujisawa S, Naito K, Matsuoka T, Kobayashi M: Complete remission induced by gemtuzumab ozogamicin in a Jehovah's Witness patient with acute myelogenous leukemia. Int J Hematol; 2007 Jun;85(5):418-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Complete remission induced by gemtuzumab ozogamicin in a Jehovah's Witness patient with acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • We report an interesting case of acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) in a Jehovah's Witness patient.
  • The white blood cell count was increased with myeloblasts and monoblasts, both of which showed positivity for CD33.
  • The patient's diagnosis was AML (M4).
  • Because complete remission (CR) was not obtained with 2 courses of chemotherapy consisting of acrarubicin and cytarabine, we tried gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) with informed consent.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoglycosides / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Jehovah's Witnesses. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized. Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Female. Humans. Leukocyte Count. Middle Aged. Organic Chemicals / administration & dosage. Remission Induction. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 17562618.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoglycosides; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Organic Chemicals; 0 / acrarubicin; 0 / gemtuzumab; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
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81. Yago K, Aono M, Shimada H: [Molecular remission induced by gemtuzumab ozogamicin in an elderly patient with relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia]. Rinsho Ketsueki; 2010 Apr;51(4):286-90
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  • [Title] [Molecular remission induced by gemtuzumab ozogamicin in an elderly patient with relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia].
  • A 79-year-old female with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) presented with second hematological relapse.
  • She had been treated previously with modified AIDA protocol as the front-line therapy and had achieved complete remission.
  • During ATRA maintenance therapy, the first hematological relapse occurred and she was treated with arsenic trioxide (ATO), achieving the second complete remission.
  • The patient was then treated with two courses of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) and achieved the third complete remission.
  • At present, she is maintaining molecular remission more than one year after GO treatment.
  • GO is considered to be a promising agent for elderly patients with relapsed acute promyelocytic leukemia resistant to arsenic trioxide.
  • [MeSH-major] Aminoglycosides / administration & dosage. Antibodies, Monoclonal / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Aged. Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized. Drug Administration Schedule. Female. Humans. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Time Factors. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 20467227.001).
  • [ISSN] 0485-1439
  • [Journal-full-title] [Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rinsho Ketsueki
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Aminoglycosides; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / gemtuzumab
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82. Song AX, Yang DL, Wei JL, Yan ZS, Wang M, Jiang EL, Huang Y, Liu QG, Ma QL, Zhai WH, Zhang RL, Feng SZ, Han MZ: [Allogeneic stem cell transplantation for 75 cases of acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission: outcome and prognostic analysis]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Feb;18(1):161-6
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  • [Title] [Allogeneic stem cell transplantation for 75 cases of acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission: outcome and prognostic analysis].
  • This study was purposed to evaluate the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in complete remission, and to study the prognostic factors.
  • 75 cases of AML in complete remission receiving allo-HSCT from January 2000 to December 2007 were retrospectively analyzed.
  • Incidence of acute GVHD was 59.6%, with 18.7% II-IV aGVHD.
  • Different prognosis was observed between HSCT recipients of alternative donor and HLA-matched related donor (MRD) (3-year DFS was 34.3% vs 60.0%, p = 0.019), between patients of refractory leukemia and the control (3-year DFS was 35.7% vs 58.2%, p = 0.048), between recipients with and without severe aGVHD (3-year DFS was 35.7% vs 54.4%, p = 0.059).
  • Multivariate analysis revealed three negative prognostic factors: donor availability (alternative vs MRD) (p = 0.049, RR = 2.09, 95%CI 1.01 - 4.36), refractory leukemia (p = 0.038, RR = 2.33, 95%CI 1.05 - 5.20) and severe aGVHD (p = 0.040, RR = 2.33, 95%CI 1.04 - 5.20).
  • It is concluded that allo-HSCT is a choice for the AML case at complete remission and TRM is the major cause of the transplantation failure.
  • Donor availability, refractory leukemia and severe aGVHD are confirmed as risk factors of poor prognosis for allo-HSCT patients with AML in CR.

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  • (PMID = 20137139.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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83. Dhédin N, Dombret H, Thomas X, Lhéritier V, Boiron JM, Rigal-Huguet F, Vey N, Kuentz M, Reman O, Witz F, Delannoy A, Kovacsovics T, Bradstock K, Charrin C, Boucheix C, Gabert J, Blaise D, Fière D, Vernant JP: Autologous stem cell transplantation in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission: analysis of the LALA-85, -87 and -94 trials. Leukemia; 2006 Feb;20(2):336-44
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  • [Title] Autologous stem cell transplantation in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission: analysis of the LALA-85, -87 and -94 trials.
  • To evaluate the results of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in a large population of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in first complete remission (CR), we performed an individual data-based overview of the last three trials from the LALA group.
  • [MeSH-major] Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prospective Studies. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Risk Factors. Survival Analysis. Transplantation, Autologous

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  • (PMID = 16357838.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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84. Chen B, Xu X, Ji M, Lin G: Myeloid/NK cell acute leukemia. Int J Hematol; 2009 Apr;89(3):365-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Myeloid/NK cell acute leukemia.
  • Myeloid/NK cell leukemia is distinct entity, being different from the myeloid/NK cell precursor acute leukemia and blastic NK cell lymphoma/leukemia in morphology and immunotypes.
  • The morphology of leukemia cells in bone marrow was similar to that of acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • The leukemia cells express CD13, CD33, CD15, and CD56, not expressing CD34, HLA-DR and CD16.
  • The patients were given chemotherapy as acute myeloid leukemia, and got complete remission.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19326059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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85. Strodtbeck D, Bornhäuser M, Hänel M, Lerche L, Schaich M, Illmer T, Thiede C, Geissler G, Herbst R, Ehninger G, Platzbecker U: Graft clonogenicity and intensity of pre-treatment: factors affecting outcome of autologous peripheral hematopoietic cell transplantation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first remission. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2005 Dec;36(12):1083-8
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  • [Title] Graft clonogenicity and intensity of pre-treatment: factors affecting outcome of autologous peripheral hematopoietic cell transplantation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first remission.
  • A total of 22 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission receiving autologous blood stem cell transplantation (ABSCT) were investigated in order to determine factors affecting outcome.
  • All but two patients had a normal karyotype and received the same high-dose chemotherapy followed by G-CSF-mobilized peripheral blood stem cells after the second (n=5) or third (n=17) course of induction and post-remission chemotherapy, respectively.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Hematopoietic Stem Cells / cytology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Transplantation Conditioning / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antigens, CD34 / biosynthesis. Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Blood Platelets. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism. Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / metabolism. Humans. Karyotyping. Leukapheresis. Male. Megakaryocytes / cytology. Middle Aged. Mutation. Remission Induction. Stem Cells / cytology. Time Factors. Transplantation, Autologous / methods. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16247435.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 83869-56-1 / Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
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86. Xiang Y, Chang XH, Cheng YB: [Effect of post-remission therapy mainly with compound huangdai tablet on long-term survival of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia]. Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi; 2010 Dec;30(12):1253-6
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  • [Title] [Effect of post-remission therapy mainly with compound huangdai tablet on long-term survival of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of post-remission therapy mainly with Compound Huangdai Tablet (CHDT) on long-term survival of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
  • METHODS: One hundred and twelve APL patients were treated after remission mainly with CHDT administered alternately with chemotherapeutic projects such as HACP, HAOP, HAEP and HAMP.
  • CONCLUSION: The post-remission therapy mainly with CHDT is an effective and feasible program for the treatment of APL.

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  • (PMID = 21302484.001).
  • [ISSN] 1003-5370
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo Zhong xi yi jie he za zhi Zhongguo Zhongxiyi jiehe zazhi = Chinese journal of integrated traditional and Western medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Arsenicals; 0 / Drugs, Chinese Herbal
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87. Yamada K, Mizusawa M, Harima A, Kajiwara K, Hamaki T, Hoshi K, Kozai Y, Kodo H: Induction of remission of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia after unrelated donor cord blood transplantation by concomitant low-dose cytarabine and calcitriol in adults. Eur J Haematol; 2006 Oct;77(4):345-8
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  • [Title] Induction of remission of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia after unrelated donor cord blood transplantation by concomitant low-dose cytarabine and calcitriol in adults.
  • Low-dose cytarabine and calcitriol (LDCA + VD3) combination therapy was performed in two adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that relapsed within 1 yr after unrelated donor cord blood transplantation (URD CBT) performed in a relapse or non-remission stage.
  • Remission because of recovery of donor cord blood hematopoiesis was obtained in both patients.
  • The patients were followed as outpatients after remission, and the remission duration was approximately 6 months in both patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid / surgery. Remission Induction
  • [MeSH-minor] Aclarubicin / administration & dosage. Acute Disease. Calcitriol / administration & dosage. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Female. Humans. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 16930144.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 74KXF8I502 / Aclarubicin; FXC9231JVH / Calcitriol
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88. Ram R, Gafter-Gvili A, Vidal L, Paul M, Ben-Bassat I, Shpilberg O, Raanani P: Management of adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission: systematic review and meta-analysis. Cancer; 2010 Jul 15;116(14):3447-57
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  • [Title] Management of adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia in first complete remission: systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • BACKGROUND: The optimal postremission therapy in adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is still a matter of debate.
  • The objective of this study was to compare the various potential therapeutic options for patients who achieved first complete remission.
  • Relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated and pooled.
  • RESULTS: Overall, there was a significant reduction in ACM in the allogenic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) arm (RR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.8-0.97) compared with autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) or chemotherapy.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Overall, alloSCT was superior to ASCT or chemotherapy for patients with ALL in first complete remission.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Humans. Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic. Recurrence. Remission Induction

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 American Cancer Society.
  • (PMID = 20564092.001).
  • [ISSN] 0008-543X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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89. Rodriguez CP, Baz R, Jawde RA, Rybicki LA, Kalaycio ME, Advani A, Sobecks R, Sekeres MA: Impact of socioeconomic status and distance from treatment center on survival in patients receiving remission induction therapy for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia. Leuk Res; 2008 Mar;32(3):413-20
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Impact of socioeconomic status and distance from treatment center on survival in patients receiving remission induction therapy for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: While socioeconomic status (SES) and the distance patients travel to a treatment center (DTC) impact survival of certain solid tumors, little is known of their influence in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients receiving remission induction therapy for AML at the Cleveland Clinic between January 1997 and December 2005.
  • Known prognostic factors (age, WBC count at diagnosis, cytogenetics, AML etiology) were collected and controlled for in Cox proportional hazards analysis.
  • RESULTS: Induction chemotherapy was administered to 281 patients; 91% were Caucasian (C), 8% were African American (AA), and 1% were neither (non-AA non-C).
  • OS was similar for AAs and non-AA non-Cs compared to Cs (HR=1.12, 95% CI=.61-2.07, p=.71, and HR=0.87, CI=0.21-3.62, p=.84, respectively).
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / psychology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Continental Population Groups. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Health Services Accessibility. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Social Class. Survival Analysis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17727945.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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90. Bashey A, Liu L, Ihasz A, Medina B, Corringham S, Keese K, Carrier E, Castro JE, Holman P, Lane TA, Hassidim K, Ball ED: Non-anthracycline based remission induction therapy for newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia aged 60 or older. Leuk Res; 2006 Apr;30(4):503-6
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  • [Title] Non-anthracycline based remission induction therapy for newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia aged 60 or older.
  • We assessed remission rates and toxicity in 24 consecutive elderly (age>or=60) patients with untreated Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received the anthracycline-free combination of fludarabine, cytosine arabinoside and G-CSF (FLAG) as initial induction chemotherapy at our center.
  • Fifteen patients proceeded to consolidation therapy and seven patients received a stem cell transplant (six autologous, one allogeneic).
  • Primary induction with FLAG in elderly AML patients achieves a high remission rate without prohibitive mucosal or cardiac toxicity and may thus be considered as an alternative to standard anthracycline-based regimens in this setting.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / administration & dosage. Humans. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Vidarabine / administration & dosage. Vidarabine / analogs & derivatives

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  • (PMID = 16303178.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; FA2DM6879K / Vidarabine; P2K93U8740 / fludarabine
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91. Pérez-García A, Brunet S, Berlanga JJ, Tormo M, Nomdedeu J, Guardia R, Ribera JM, Heras I, Llorente A, Hoyos M, Esteve J, Besalduch J, Bueno J, Sierra J, Gallardo D, Grupo cooperativo para el estudio y tratamiento de las leucemias agudas: CTLA-4 genotype and relapse incidence in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission after induction chemotherapy. Leukemia; 2009 Mar;23(3):486-91
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  • [Title] CTLA-4 genotype and relapse incidence in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission after induction chemotherapy.
  • The recently described single-nucleotide polymorphism CT60, located in the 3'-untranslated region of the CTLA4 (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 ) gene, has been associated with susceptibility to several autoimmune diseases and has also been shown to be involved in immune responses following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT).
  • However, the contribution of the CTLA4 genotype to the control of minimal residual disease in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has yet to be explored.
  • We investigated the association between the CTLA4 CT60 A/G genotype and the incidence of leukemic relapse in 143 adult patients with AML in first complete remission after the same chemotherapy protocol (CETLAM LAM'03).
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] 3' Untranslated Regions / genetics. Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. CTLA-4 Antigen. Combined Modality Therapy. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Disease-Free Survival. Etoposide / administration & dosage. Female. Genotype. Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / administration & dosage. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Idarubicin / administration & dosage. Incidence. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Mitoxantrone / administration & dosage. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide. Proportional Hazards Models. Recurrence. Remission Induction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19092854.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 3' Untranslated Regions; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / CTLA-4 Antigen; 0 / CTLA4 protein, human; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 143011-72-7 / Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; BZ114NVM5P / Mitoxantrone; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
  • [Investigator] Gallardo D; Guardia R; Fernández C; Brunet S; Nomdédeu JF; Hoyos M; Aventín A; Sierra J; Esteve J; Camós M; Rozman M; Villamor N; Costa D; Ribera JM; Granada I; Oriol A; Berlanga J; Duarte R; Alonso E; Bueno J; Sánchez E; Vallespí T; Pedro C; Florensa L; Soler F; Vivancos P; Torres P; De Llano MP; Tormo M; Besalduch J; Barnués M; Bargay J; Llorente A; Escoda L; García-Guiñón A; Font L; Martí-Tutusaus JM; Estany C; Pérez-García A; Gallardo D
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92. Gardin C, Turlure P, Fagot T, Thomas X, Terre C, Contentin N, Raffoux E, de Botton S, Pautas C, Reman O, Bourhis JH, Fenaux P, Castaigne S, Michallet M, Preudhomme C, de Revel T, Bordessoule D, Dombret H: Postremission treatment of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission after intensive induction chemotherapy: results of the multicenter randomized Acute Leukemia French Association (ALFA) 9803 trial. Blood; 2007 Jun 15;109(12):5129-35
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  • [Title] Postremission treatment of elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission after intensive induction chemotherapy: results of the multicenter randomized Acute Leukemia French Association (ALFA) 9803 trial.
  • In elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated intensively, no best postremission strategy has emerged yet.
  • Complete remission (CR) rate was 57% with 10% induction deaths, and estimated overall survival was 27% at 2 years and 12% at 4 years, without notable differences between anthracycline arms.
  • Despite repeated courses of chemotherapy associated with a longer time under treatment, the ambulatory arm was associated with significantly shorter rehospitalization duration and lower red blood cell unit and platelet transfusion requirements than observed in the intensive arm.
  • In conclusion, more prolonged ambulatory treatment should be preferred to intensive chemotherapy as postremission therapy in elderly patients with AML reaching CR after standard intensive remission induction.
  • [MeSH-major] Daunorubicin / administration & dosage. Idarubicin / administration & dosage. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Anthracyclines / therapeutic use. Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / therapeutic use. Blood Transfusion. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Hospitalization. Humans. Male. Remission Induction. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 17341661.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracyclines; 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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93. Benites BD, Fattori A, Hackel C, Lorand-Metze I, De Souza CA, Schulz E, Costa FF, Saad ST: Low expression of APAF-1XL in acute myeloid leukemia may be associated with the failure of remission induction therapy. Braz J Med Biol Res; 2008 Jul;41(7):571-8
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  • [Title] Low expression of APAF-1XL in acute myeloid leukemia may be associated with the failure of remission induction therapy.
  • In the present study, the mRNA expression analysis of different APAF-1 transcripts (APAF-1S, APAF-1LC, APAF-1LN, and APAF-1XL) was analyzed in bone marrow samples from 37 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (newly diagnosed, with no previous treatment).
  • Only 46% of the patients presented complete remission in response to remission induction therapy (represented by less than 5% marrow blasts and hematological recovery), all but 2 cases being from group 1, 21.6% did not attain complete remission (only 1 case from group 1), and 32.4% of the patients died early.
  • Both groups showed similar characteristics regarding white blood cell counts, cytogenetic data or presence of gene rearrangements associated with good prognosis as AML1-ETO, CBFB-MYH11 and PML/RARA.
  • Since it has been shown that only the isoforms with the extra WD-40 repeat region activate procaspase-9, we suggest that low procaspase-9 activation may also be involved in the deregulation of apoptosis and chemotherapy resistance in acute myeloid leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 18719738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1414-431X
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Apoptotic Protease-Activating Factor 1; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / DNA, Complementary; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Transcription Factors
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94. Yanada M, Borthakur G, Garcia-Manero G, Ravandi F, Faderl S, Pierce S, Kantarjian H, Estey E: Blood counts at time of complete remission provide additional independent prognostic information in acute myeloid leukemia. Leuk Res; 2008 Oct;32(10):1505-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Blood counts at time of complete remission provide additional independent prognostic information in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Prognostic relevance of blood counts at complete remission (CR) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is not clear.

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  • (PMID = 18405972.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016672
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS610852; NLM/ PMC4182927
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95. de la Serna J, Montesinos P, Vellenga E, Rayón C, Parody R, León A, Esteve J, Bergua JM, Milone G, Debén G, Rivas C, González M, Tormo M, Díaz-Mediavilla J, González JD, Negri S, Amutio E, Brunet S, Lowenberg B, Sanz MA: Causes and prognostic factors of remission induction failure in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with all-trans retinoic acid and idarubicin. Blood; 2008 Apr 1;111(7):3395-402
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  • [Title] Causes and prognostic factors of remission induction failure in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia treated with all-trans retinoic acid and idarubicin.
  • An understanding of the prognostic factors associated with the various forms of induction mortality in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) has remained remarkably limited.
  • This study reports the incidence, time of occurrence, and prognostic factors of the major categories of induction failure in a series of 732 patients of all ages (range, 2-83 years) with newly diagnosed APL who received all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus idarubicin as induction therapy in 2 consecutive studies of the Programa de Estudio y Tratamiento de las Hemopatias Malignas (PETHEMA) Group.
  • Complete remission was attained in 666 patients (91%).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Hemorrhage / mortality. Infection / mortality. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Blast Crisis / blood. Blast Crisis / drug therapy. Blast Crisis / mortality. Child. Child, Preschool. Creatinine / blood. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Idarubicin / administration & dosage. Idarubicin / adverse effects. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Risk Factors. Sex Factors. Survival Rate. Syndrome. Treatment Failure. Tretinoin / administration & dosage. Tretinoin / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 18195095.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; AYI8EX34EU / Creatinine; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
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96. Maslak PG, Dao T, Krug LM, Chanel S, Korontsvit T, Zakhaleva V, Zhang R, Wolchok JD, Yuan J, Pinilla-Ibarz J, Berman E, Weiss M, Jurcic J, Frattini MG, Scheinberg DA: Vaccination with synthetic analog peptides derived from WT1 oncoprotein induces T-cell responses in patients with complete remission from acute myeloid leukemia. Blood; 2010 Jul 15;116(2):171-9
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  • [Title] Vaccination with synthetic analog peptides derived from WT1 oncoprotein induces T-cell responses in patients with complete remission from acute myeloid leukemia.
  • A pilot study was undertaken to assess the safety, activity, and immunogenicity of a polyvalent Wilms tumor gene 1 (WT1) peptide vaccine in patients with acute myeloid leukemia in complete remission but with molecular evidence of WT1 transcript.
  • Immune responses were evaluated by delayed-type hypersensitivity, CD4+ T-cell proliferation, CD3+ T-cell interferon-gamma release, and WT1 peptide tetramer staining.
  • Of the 9 evaluable patients, 7 completed 6 vaccinations and WT1-specific T-cell responses were noted in 7 of 8 patients.
  • With a mean follow-up of 30 plus or minus 8 months after diagnosis, median disease-free survival has not been reached.
  • Further studies are needed to establish the role of vaccination as viable postremission therapy for acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Cancer Vaccines / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Oncogene Proteins / therapeutic use. Vaccination / methods. WT1 Proteins / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology. Cytotoxicity, Immunologic. Disease-Free Survival. Female. HLA-A Antigens / genetics. HLA-A Antigens / immunology. HLA-A2 Antigen. Humans. Hypersensitivity, Delayed / immunology. Interferon-gamma / biosynthesis. Interferon-gamma / immunology. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Pilot Projects. Remission Induction. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Vaccines, Subunit / genetics. Vaccines, Subunit / immunology. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20400682.001).
  • [ISSN] 1528-0020
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] eng
  • [Databank-accession-numbers] ClinicalTrials.gov/ NCT00398138
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA023766; United States / PHS HHS / / P01 23766
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cancer Vaccines; 0 / HLA-A Antigens; 0 / HLA-A*02:01 antigen; 0 / HLA-A2 Antigen; 0 / Oncogene Proteins; 0 / Vaccines, Subunit; 0 / WT1 Proteins; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2910606
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97. Stow P, Key L, Chen X, Pan Q, Neale GA, Coustan-Smith E, Mullighan CG, Zhou Y, Pui CH, Campana D: Clinical significance of low levels of minimal residual disease at the end of remission induction therapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Blood; 2010 Jun 10;115(23):4657-63
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  • [Title] Clinical significance of low levels of minimal residual disease at the end of remission induction therapy in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Minimal residual disease (MRD) at the end of remission-induction therapy predicts relapse in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • We examined the clinical significance of levels below the usual threshold value for MRD positivity (0.01%) in 455 children with B-lineage ALL, using polymerase chain reaction amplification of antigen-receptor genes capable of detecting at least 1 leukemic cell per 100 000 normal mononucleated cells (0.001%).
  • MRD measurements of 0.001% to less than 0.01% were not significantly related to presenting characteristics but were associated with a poorer leukemia cell clearance on day 19 of remission induction therapy.
  • Thus, low levels of MRD (0.001%-< 0.01%) at the end of remission induction therapy have prognostic significance in childhood ALL, suggesting that patients with this finding should be monitored closely for adverse events.


98. Brandwein JM, Gupta V, Schuh AC, Schimmer AD, Yee K, Xu W, Messner HA, Lipton JH, Minden MD: Predictors of response to reinduction chemotherapy for patients with acute myeloid leukemia who do not achieve complete remission with frontline induction chemotherapy. Am J Hematol; 2008 Jan;83(1):54-8
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  • [Title] Predictors of response to reinduction chemotherapy for patients with acute myeloid leukemia who do not achieve complete remission with frontline induction chemotherapy.
  • Eighty-one patients with acute myeloid leukemia who had persistent leukemia following standard induction therapy with cytarabine plus daunorubicin (7+3 regimen) underwent reinduction therapy with a combination of mitoxantrone, etoposide, and high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC).
  • Patients achieving complete remission (CR) then received consolidation therapy with HiDAC plus mitoxantrone.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Remission Induction. Survival Rate. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17696207.001).
  • [ISSN] 0361-8609
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Seiter K, Katragadda S, Ponce D, Rasul M, Ahmed N: Temozolomide and cisplatin in relapsed/refractory acute leukemia. J Hematol Oncol; 2009;2:21
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  • [Title] Temozolomide and cisplatin in relapsed/refractory acute leukemia.
  • Cisplatin depletes MGMT and increases the sensitivity of leukemia cells to temozolomide.
  • We performed a phase I study of cisplatin and temozolomide in patients with relapsed and refractory acute leukemia.
  • Fifteen patients had AML, 3 had ALL, and 2 had biphenotypic leukemia.
  • There was one complete remission in this heavily pretreated patient population.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19463179.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-8722
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hematology & oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2694825
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100. Rubnitz JE, Gibson B, Smith FO: Acute myeloid leukemia. Pediatr Clin North Am; 2008 Feb;55(1):21-51, ix
The Lens. Cited by Patents in .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous group of leukemias that result from clonal transformation of hematopoietic precursors through the acquisition of chromosomal rearrangements and multiple gene mutations.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Stem Cell Transplantation
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Anthracyclines / administration & dosage. Child. Child, Preschool. Clinical Trials as Topic. Cytarabine / administration & dosage. Humans. Infant. Pharmacogenetics. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Risk Factors

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Leukemia, Myeloid.
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  • Hazardous Substances Data Bank. CYTARABINE .
  • NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .
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  • (PMID = 18242314.001).
  • [ISSN] 0031-3955
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric clinics of North America
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr. Clin. North Am.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anthracyclines; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine
  • [Number-of-references] 229
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