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1. Gelain ME, Rossi G, Giori L, Comazzi S, Paltrinieri S: Identification of neoplastic cells in blood using the Sysmex XT-2000iV: a preliminary step in the diagnosis of canine leukemia. Vet Clin Pathol; 2010 Jun;39(2):169-79
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  • [Title] Identification of neoplastic cells in blood using the Sysmex XT-2000iV: a preliminary step in the diagnosis of canine leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Classification of leukemias requires specialized diagnostic techniques.
  • METHODS: Blood samples (n=160) were grouped into 5 categories: acute leukemia (n=30), chronic leukemia (n=15), neoplasia without blood involvement (n=41), non-neoplastic reactive conditions (n=31), and healthy dogs (n=43).
  • The more objective approach based on the generation of a "leukemic flag" had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 87.0%, LR- of 0.00, and LR+ of 7.67.

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  • (PMID = 20230575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1939-165X
  • [Journal-full-title] Veterinary clinical pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vet Clin Pathol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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2. Abdulkarim K, Girodon F, Johansson P, Maynadié M, Kutti J, Carli PM, Bovet E, Andréasson B: AML transformation in 56 patients with Ph- MPD in two well defined populations. Eur J Haematol; 2009 Feb;82(2):106-11
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  • The Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-) chronic myeloproliferative disorders (MPD) have an inherent tendency for transformation into acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML).
  • Over a median observation time of 15 yr, 56 subjects (7%) out of a total of 795 patients with Ph- MPD transformed to AML.
  • In IMF, the average time from diagnosis to AML transformation was 42 +/- 33 months, which was significantly shorter than for both PV and ET (88 +/- 56 and 76 +/- 57 months; P = 0.0075 and P = 0.027, respectively).
  • The time from diagnosis to AML transformation appears to be a continuous event as regards all three MPD entities.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic, Atypical, BCR-ABL Negative / pathology. Myeloproliferative Disorders / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19134023.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0609
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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3. Wan TS, So CC, Hui KC, Yip SF, Ma ES, Chan LC: Diagnostic utility of dual fusion PML/RARalpha translocation DNA probe (D-FISH) in acute promyelocytic leukemia. Oncol Rep; 2007 Apr;17(4):799-805
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  • [Title] Diagnostic utility of dual fusion PML/RARalpha translocation DNA probe (D-FISH) in acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • Translocation(15;17) leading to the formation of fusion gene PML/RARalpha is the diagnostic hallmark of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
  • Using a dual color dual fusion (D-FISH) PML/RARalpha translocation DNA probe which hybridises both to PML/RARalpha and RARalpha/PML fusion genes, we characterised the FISH pattern of 52 APL patients at diagnosis and correlated the findings with conventional cytogenetics and RT-PCR analysis.
  • In summary, PML/RARalpha D-FISH is a highly sensitive method for confirming diagnosis of APL.
  • However D-FISH cannot be solely relied on for the diagnosis of APL owing to atypical patterns which are infrequently observed in cases with additional 17q structural abnormalities, gene insertion and gene duplication.
  • [MeSH-major] In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics

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  • (PMID = 17342318.001).
  • [ISSN] 1021-335X
  • [Journal-full-title] Oncology reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oncol. Rep.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Probes; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / promyelocytic leukemia-retinoic acid receptor alpha fusion oncoprotein
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4. Platten M, Opitz CA, Kohlhof P, Hegenbart U, Ho AD, Wick W: Painful neuropathy due to intraneural leukemic spread in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia. Neurology; 2007 Aug 14;69(7):707
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  • [Title] Painful neuropathy due to intraneural leukemic spread in a patient with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemic Infiltration / diagnosis. Pain / etiology. Peripheral Nervous System Diseases / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male. Sural Nerve / pathology


5. Kitszel A, Krawczuk-Rybak M: Are elevated serum levels of IGFBP-2 after intensive chemotherapy of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia a risk factor of relapse? Adv Med Sci; 2007;52:147-53
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  • [Title] Are elevated serum levels of IGFBP-2 after intensive chemotherapy of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia a risk factor of relapse?
  • We studied the serum levels IGF-I, IGF-II, IGFBP-3 and IGFBP-2 (expressed in SDS) in a subgroup with relapse (A) and in a subgroup without relapse (B) at diagnosis (1), after induction of remission (2) and after intensive chemotherapy (3).
  • However, at diagnosis we obserwed a negative correlation between IGFBP-2 and hemoglobin (r = -0.57 p = 0.0001).
  • CONCLUSION: Increased values of IGFBP-2 after intensive chemotherapy in children who subsequently underwent a relapse of the disease, suggest that IGFBP-2 levels might constitute a prognosis factor.
  • The negative correlation between values of hemoglobin and IGFBP-2 observed at diagnosis might further suggest the involvement of this protein in the process of leukemogenesis in children.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 2 / blood. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / blood. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy


6. Shaw BE, Russell NH: Treatment options for the management of acute leukaemia relapsing following an allogeneic transplant. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2008 Mar;41(5):495-503
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  • [Title] Treatment options for the management of acute leukaemia relapsing following an allogeneic transplant.
  • The management of acute leukaemia which relapses following an allogeneic stem cell transplant remains a major challenge.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy

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  • (PMID = 17952130.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • [Number-of-references] 91
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7. Papantoniou N, Daskalakis G, Marinopoulos S, Anastasakis E, Mesogitis S, Antsaklis A: Management of pregnancy in adolescence complicated by acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Fetal Diagn Ther; 2008;23(2):164-7
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  • [Title] Management of pregnancy in adolescence complicated by acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The management of the common acute lymphoblastic leukemia in pregnancy has been controversial.
  • We report a case of a 16-year-old primigravida with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, first presented in pregnancy, which was treated with aggressive chemotherapy protocols.
  • Full remission of the disease was achieved.
  • The woman remains in complete remission, continuing maintenance chemotherapy, 18 months following diagnosis.
  • The offspring did not show any abnormality in physical examinations or laboratory tests and keeps growing normally 18 months after birth.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Age Factors. Disease Management. Female. Humans. Infant, Newborn. Male. Pregnancy


8. Tokuhira M, Hanzawa K, Watanabe R, Sekiguchi Y, Nemoto T, Toyozumi Y, Tamaru J, Itoyama S, Suzuki K, Kameda H, Mori S, Kizaki M: Co-existence of acute myeloid leukemia with multilineage dysplasia and Epstein-Barr virus-associated T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis: a case report. J Hematol Oncol; 2009;2:27
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  • [Title] Co-existence of acute myeloid leukemia with multilineage dysplasia and Epstein-Barr virus-associated T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis: a case report.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease mediated by inflammatory processes mainly at the joints.
  • Recently, awareness of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated T-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (T-LPD) has been heightened for its association with methotraxate usage in RA patients.
  • In the contrary, acute myeloid leukemia with multilineage dysplasia (AML-MLD) has never been documented to be present concomitantly with the above two conditions.
  • [MeSH-major] Arthritis, Rheumatoid / complications. Epstein-Barr Virus Infections / complications. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Lymphoproliferative Disorders / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Lineage. Diagnosis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. T-Lymphocytes / pathology


9. Jegalian AG, Buxbaum NP, Facchetti F, Raffeld M, Pittaluga S, Wayne AS, Jaffe ES: Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm in children: diagnostic features and clinical implications. Haematologica; 2010 Nov;95(11):1873-9
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  • [Title] Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm in children: diagnostic features and clinical implications.
  • BACKGROUND: Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm is a rare malignancy that typically follows a highly aggressive clinical course in adults, whereas experience in children with this disease is very limited.
  • DESIGN AND METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed the pathological and clinical findings of nine cases of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm presenting in patients under the age of 18 years who were reviewed at our institution.
  • Nine patients were alive 5 years after the original diagnosis, although only three of them had undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation--one in first complete remission and two in second remission.
  • Of the seven patients who lacked cutaneous disease at presentation, 100% survived, including five who were alive more than 5 years after diagnosis, although only two had undergone stem cell transplantation.
  • Among the 18 patients who presented with cutaneous disease and for whom follow-up data were available, only 11 survived (61%).
  • Unexpectedly, three of four cases of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm tested showed focal positivity for S-100.
  • S-100 was negative in 28 cases of acute myeloid leukemia evaluated for this marker.
  • CONCLUSIONS: In contrast to adult cases, in which long-term survival depends on stem cell transplantation in first complete remission, blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasms in children are clinically less aggressive.
  • Treatment with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia-type chemotherapy appears to be effective, and stem cell transplantation may be reserved for children who relapse and achieve a second remission.
  • Outcomes were more favorable in cases that lacked cutaneous disease at presentation, although a comparison of cutaneous and non-cutaneous cases might be confounded by differences in treatment regimens.
  • Focal expression of S-100 may be seen in concert with other markers of plasmacytoid dendritic cells.

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  • (PMID = 20663945.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / Intramural NIH HHS / /
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / S100 Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2966909
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10. Schwarz J, Korístek Z, Starý J, Zák P, Kozák T, Marková J, Michalová K, Dvoráková D, Mayer J, Cetkovský P: [Therapy of acute promyelocytic leukemia in Czechia: results and analysis of prognostic factors]. Vnitr Lek; 2008 Jul-Aug;54(7-8):757-70
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  • [Title] [Therapy of acute promyelocytic leukemia in Czechia: results and analysis of prognostic factors].
  • [Transliterated title] Lécba akutní promyelorytárni leukemie v Cesku: výsledky a analýza prognostických faktorů.
  • We have retrospectively evaluated a cohort of 144 patients (including 17 pediatric ones) with de novo acute promyelocytic leukemia registered in databases of institutions cooperating within the CELL group (The Czech Leukemia Study Group for Life).
  • The projected overall survival (OS) 4 years after diagnosis was 58.9%, and 55.3% at 6 years.
  • Another parameter with a significant impact on attaining CR was the leukocyte (WBC) count at diagnosis: its median values in patients achieving and not achieving CR were 2.1 and 24.0 x 10(9)/l, respectively (P < 0.0001).
  • FAB M3v morphology, LDH serum level, fibrinogen level, presence of internal tandem duplication (ITD) of the FLT3 gene (which was strongly associated with leukocytosis and also with the short PML/RARalpha transcript resulting from the bcr3 break in the PML gene).
  • The platelet counts at diagnosis had no impact on entering CR.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 18780575.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-773X
  • [Journal-full-title] Vnitr̆ní lékar̆ství
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vnitr Lek
  • [Language] cze
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Czech Republic
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11. Essa EA, El Halim SM, Abo-Elenin A, El Bendary A, Abdou SH, Farag W: Study of gene expression of CD30 variant (CD30v) and CD30 ligand (CD30L) in acute leukemia. Egypt J Immunol; 2007;14(1):11-20
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  • [Title] Study of gene expression of CD30 variant (CD30v) and CD30 ligand (CD30L) in acute leukemia.
  • In this work, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the gene expression (mRNA) of CD30 variant (CD30v) and CD30 Ligand (CD30L) on the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 15 healthy individuals as a control group, 15 patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 15 patients with newly diagnosed acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
  • Patients with positive expression of CD30v and CD30L were found to have significantly increased blast cell % (p<0.001), increased total leucocytic count (P<0.001) and decreased platelets count (P<0.001) than those with negative expression.
  • As regard to immunophenotypes of ALL, positive expression was found to be significantly higher in B-cell than T-cell subtype (77.8% versus 16.7%, P=0.02).
  • Positive expression was also significantly associated with more aggressive disease and with B-cell than T-cell subtypes.

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  • (PMID = 18689277.001).
  • [ISSN] 1110-4902
  • [Journal-full-title] The Egyptian journal of immunology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Egypt J Immunol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD30; 0 / CD30 Ligand; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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12. Blandin AT, Mühlematter D, Bougeon S, Gogniat C, Porter S, Beyer V, Parlier V, Beckmann JS, van Melle G, Jotterand M: Automated four-color interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization approach for the simultaneous detection of specific aneuploidies of diagnostic and prognostic significance in high hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2008 Oct 15;186(2):69-77
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  • [Title] Automated four-color interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization approach for the simultaneous detection of specific aneuploidies of diagnostic and prognostic significance in high hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • In high hyperdiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the concurrence of specific trisomies confers a more favorable outcome than hyperdiploidy alone.
  • The large number of nuclei scored revealed a high level of chromosome variability both at diagnosis and relapse, the prognostic significance of which is of considerable clinical interest and merits further evaluation.
  • [MeSH-major] Aneuploidy. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18940469.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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13. Gutierrez A, Dahlberg SE, Neuberg DS, Zhang J, Grebliunaite R, Sanda T, Protopopov A, Tosello V, Kutok J, Larson RS, Borowitz MJ, Loh ML, Ferrando AA, Winter SS, Mullighan CG, Silverman LB, Chin L, Hunger SP, Sallan SE, Look AT: Absence of biallelic TCRgamma deletion predicts early treatment failure in pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Aug 20;28(24):3816-23
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  • [Title] Absence of biallelic TCRgamma deletion predicts early treatment failure in pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • PURPOSE: To identify children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) at high risk of induction chemotherapy failure by using DNA copy number analysis of leukemic cells collected at diagnosis.
  • Using a rapid and inexpensive quantitative DNA-PCR assay, we validated ABD as a predictor of a poor response to induction chemotherapy in an independent series of patients.
  • CONCLUSION: Lymphoblasts from children with T-ALL should be evaluated at diagnosis for deletion within the TCRgamma locus.
  • Patients lacking biallelic deletion, which confers a high probability of induction failure with contemporary therapy, should be assigned to alternative therapy in the context of a prospective clinical trial.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Comparative Genomic Hybridization. Gene Deletion. Genes, T-Cell Receptor gamma. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Alleles. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Infant. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Predictive Value of Tests. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Risk Assessment. Risk Factors. Time Factors. Treatment Failure

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  • (PMID = 20644084.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / 1K08CA133103; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA98543; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / NCI 5P01CA68484; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA129382-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA129382; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA133103-04; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA133103-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA114766; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098413; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA114766; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / L40 CA124083-01; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA133103; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / L40 CA124083; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA120196; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA133103-03; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01CA129382; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098543; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA120196; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA120196-01A1; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / L40 CA124083-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA98413; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / K08 CA133103-02; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA068484
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2940399
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14. Karimi M, Eshghi P: Unusual lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma in Eastern Iran. Indian J Pediatr; 2006 Jul;73(7):619-22
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  • [Title] Unusual lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma in Eastern Iran.
  • Lymphoblastic lymphoma-leukemia (LBLL) most commonly presents with mediastinal masses (50-75%), while pleural and pericardial effusion may also be present.
  • Lymphadenopathy usually in the neck, axilla or supraclavicular regions, is considered as another typical presentation of the disease.
  • This is a case report of a six-year-old boy with unusual huge enlargement of maxilla, mandible and soft palate as well as gingival hypertrophy which led to secondary respiratory and feeding difficulties.
  • Morphologic and flowcytometric evaluation of bone marrow aspiration showed that it was a T cell type acute leukemia which may be due to dissemination of a lymphoblastic lymphoma and considered as a case of lymphoma-leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Gingival Hypertrophy / etiology. Jaw Diseases / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Humans. Iran. Leukemia, Lymphoid / complications. Leukemia, Lymphoid / diagnosis. Male

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  • (PMID = 16877858.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-7693
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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15. Blatt J, Greenwood R, Weig S, Rao K, Fedoriw GD, Dent G: Isolated central nervous system relapse in an adolescent with acute myelomonocytic leukemia, Charcot Marie Tooth syndrome, and paraneoplastic autoantibody. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Oct;32(7):571-3
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  • [Title] Isolated central nervous system relapse in an adolescent with acute myelomonocytic leukemia, Charcot Marie Tooth syndrome, and paraneoplastic autoantibody.
  • A 17-year-old boy, with acute myelomonocytic leukemia and inversion 16(p13q22) developed polyneuropathy and isolated central nervous system relapse.
  • Scoliosis and high-arched feet suggested a diagnosis of Charcot Marie Tooth (CMT) syndrome and genetic testing confirmed duplication at the PMP22 locus at chromosome 17p11.12.
  • [MeSH-major] Autoantibodies / blood. Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease / immunology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Acute / immunology. Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20724950.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Autoantibodies; 0 / Myelin Proteins; 0 / PMP22 protein, human
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16. Chai YH, Lü H, Li JQ, Lu J, Xiao PF, He YX, Shao XJ: [Classical and molecular cytogenetic abnormalities in 124 pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi; 2007 Sep;45(9):684-6
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  • [Title] [Classical and molecular cytogenetic abnormalities in 124 pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: In childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), cytogenetics plays an important role in diagnosis, allocation of treatment and prognosis.
  • The diagnosis and FAB subtypes of ALL was determined by Wright-Giemsa-stained bone marrow smears and cytochemical staining.
  • Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (Multiplex PCR) analysis was performed to detect the 29 most common leukemia translocations for routine molecular diagnostic hematopathology practice, and complement the information gained from conventional cytogenetic analysis.
  • Thirteen cases of TEL-AML1, 10 cases of rearrangement in the MLL gene, 4 cases of E2A-PBX1, 4 cases of E2A-HLF, 3 cases of BCR-ABL, 2 cases of TLS-ERG, 32 cases of HOX11 were detected by Multiplex PCR in B-lineage leukemias.
  • SIL-TAL1 had been found in 4 of 7 of T-lineage leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Cytogenetic Analysis. Karyotyping. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Translocation, Genetic
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors / genetics. Child. Child, Preschool. DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics. Female. Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl / genetics. Gene Fusion / genetics. Homeodomain Proteins. Humans. Immunophenotyping / methods. Infant. Male. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods

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  • (PMID = 18021563.001).
  • [ISSN] 0578-1310
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors; 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein; 0 / pbx1 protein, human; 135471-20-4 / TAL1 protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.7.10.2 / Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl
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17. Gupta N, Bhaskar H, Duggal S, Ghalaut PS, Kundra S, Arora DR: Primary amoebic meningoencephalitis: first reported case from Rohtak, North India. Braz J Infect Dis; 2009 Jun;13(3):236-7
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  • A fatal case of primary amoebic encephalitis (PAM) in a 20 year old boy, a proven case of acute leukemic leukemia (ALL) type L2, in remission is described.
  • The clinical presentation, the isolation of the amoeba from the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the poor response to amphotericin B, and the ultimately fatal outcome are all consistent with the diagnosis of PAM.
  • On the basis of its ability to grow at temperature 42 degrees C and 45 degrees C, morphology of trophozoite, and the presence of flagellate forms in CSF, the amoeba was identified as Naegleria fowleri.
  • A possibility of PAM should always be considered in all cases of acute purulent meningoencephalitis in which no bacteria or fungus are found.

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  • (PMID = 20191204.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4391
  • [Journal-full-title] The Brazilian journal of infectious diseases : an official publication of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz J Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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18. Zivanovic S, Saranac L, Kostic G, Bogicevic V, Jovancic D: A case of acute tuberculous pleuropneumonia in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. ScientificWorldJournal; 2010;10:578-85
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  • [Title] A case of acute tuberculous pleuropneumonia in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We here report a 14-year-old male who was admitted to the hospital because of acute pneumonia, who had been diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) when he was 12 years old.
  • A diagnosis of acute tuberculous pleuropneumonia was made based on clinical and radiographical findings, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis was identified by Ziehl-Neelson acid-fast stain and culture on Löwenstein-Jensen medium.
  • [MeSH-major] Pneumonia, Bacterial / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Tuberculosis, Pleural / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20364243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-744X
  • [Journal-full-title] TheScientificWorldJournal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] ScientificWorldJournal
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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19. Liu J, Wu DS, Zhang S, Yan CH, Zhou Y, Zhang YD, Qi ZH: [Relation between the expression of sIL-2R and the relapse in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao; 2005 Jun 18;37(3):249-51
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  • [Title] [Relation between the expression of sIL-2R and the relapse in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the relation of the serum level of sIL-2R in relapse patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • CONCLUSION: Monitor of the level of sIL-2R can predict impending relapse of patients with ALL and is helpful to early diagnosis of relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / blood. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Receptors, Interleukin-2 / blood

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  • (PMID = 15968312.001).
  • [ISSN] 1671-167X
  • [Journal-full-title] Beijing da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Peking University. Health sciences
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Receptors, Interleukin-2
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20. Kassim AA, Chinratanalab W, Ferrara JL, Mineishi S: Reduced-intensity allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute leukemias: 'what is the best recipe?'. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2005 Oct;36(7):565-74
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  • [Title] Reduced-intensity allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute leukemias: 'what is the best recipe?'.
  • Reduced-intensity stem cell transplantation (RIST) has been shown to be a safe and useful alternative transplant method for patients including elderly and medically unfit patients.
  • RIST conditioning regimens vary widely in the intensity of myeloablation, immunoablation, and antileukemia effects, and thus optimal regimen for each disease entity is yet to be determined.
  • In acute myeloid leukemia (AML), moderate-intensity regimens may be effective, achieving 30-70% 1-year disease-free survival in various series, but minimal-intensity regimens are associated with high relapse rates.
  • In acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), not even moderate-intensity regimens are effective and most patients with advanced ALL relapse post transplant.
  • Thus, the risk/benefit ratios of graft-versus-host disease/graft-versus-leukemia effect differ among diseases.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Transplantation, Homologous / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Clinical Trials as Topic. Disease-Free Survival. Graft vs Host Disease. Humans. Middle Aged. Multicenter Studies as Topic. Recurrence. Time Factors. Transplantation Chimera. Transplantation Conditioning. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 15995714.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 98
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21. Cushing T, Clericuzio CL, Wilson CS, Taub JW, Ge Y, Reichard KK, Winter SS: Risk for leukemia in infants without Down syndrome who have transient myeloproliferative disorder. J Pediatr; 2006 May;148(5):687-9
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  • [Title] Risk for leukemia in infants without Down syndrome who have transient myeloproliferative disorder.
  • Transient myeloproliferative disorder (TMD) occurs in 10% of infants with Down syndrome (DS).
  • Down syndrome infants with resolved TMD may later develop acute megakaryocytic leukemia (AMKL).
  • We report on a non-DS child identified with trisomy 21 mosaicism and a GATA1 mutation in the original blast cells who has been followed for 2 years without exhibiting AMKL.
  • Currently, the risk for such infants developing acute leukemia is uncertain.
  • [MeSH-major] GATA1 Transcription Factor / genetics. Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute / genetics. Myeloproliferative Disorders / genetics

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  • [CommentIn] J Pediatr. 2007 Mar;150(3):e34 [17307526.001]
  • (PMID = 16737888.001).
  • [ISSN] 0022-3476
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / GATA1 Transcription Factor
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22. Kars MC, Duijnstee MS, Pool A, van Delden JJ, Grypdonck MH: Being there: parenting the child with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. J Clin Nurs; 2008 Jun;17(12):1553-62
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  • [Title] Being there: parenting the child with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
  • AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To gain insight into the lived experience of parenting a child with leukaemia during treatment.
  • BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of leukaemia in children leads to an existential shock for parents and a reversal of normal family life.
  • Today, in the Netherlands, after diagnosis, children stay at home most of the time.
  • RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The concept offers an essential insight into parenting the child with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and has relevance for nursing practice and education.
  • [MeSH-major] Attitude to Health. Parent-Child Relations. Parenting / psychology. Parents / psychology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma

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  • (PMID = 18482117.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2702
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical nursing
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Nurs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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23. El-Sissy AH, El-Mashari MA, Bassuni WY, El-Swaayed AF: Aberrant lymphoid antigen expression in acute myeloid leukemia in Saudi Arabia. J Egypt Natl Canc Inst; 2006 Sep;18(3):244-9
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  • [Title] Aberrant lymphoid antigen expression in acute myeloid leukemia in Saudi Arabia.
  • BACKGROUND: Immunophenotyping improves both accuracy and reproducibility of acute leukemia classification and is considered particularly useful for identifying aberrant lineage association of acute leukemia, biphenotypic and bilineal acute leukemia, as well as monitoring minimal residual disease.
  • THE AIM OF OUR STUDY: Is to determine aberrant lymphoid antigen expression in Saudi acute myeloid leukemia (AML), correlate them with FAB subtypes, evaluate early surface markers CD7 and CD56, and to investigate the role of cytoplasmic CD79a (a B cell marker that is assigned a high score of 2.0 in the WHO classification).
  • CD79a was expressed in one case together with CD19, diagnosed as acute biphenotypic leukemia, and was associated with t(8;21) (q22;q22).
  • CONCLUSION: Minimal residual disease in AML is very difficult to trace, detection of aberrant expression of lymphoid antigens will make it easier.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD56 / analysis. Antigens, CD7 / analysis. Antigens, CD79 / analysis. Antigens, Neoplasm / analysis. Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis


24. Worth LJ, Seymour JF, Slavin MA: Infective and thrombotic complications of central venous catheters in patients with hematological malignancy: prospective evaluation of nontunneled devices. Support Care Cancer; 2009 Jul;17(7):811-8
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  • An underlying diagnosis of acute myeloid leukemia was negatively associated with CR-BSI (odds ratio (OR) 0.14, p = 0.046), and a previous diagnosis of fungal infection was associated with infection (OR 22.82, p = 0.031).

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  • (PMID = 19096883.001).
  • [ISSN] 1433-7339
  • [Journal-full-title] Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Support Care Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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25. Sedlacek P, Vavra V, Masova I, Codl D, Laznickova T, Malaskova L, Nyc O, Stary J: Successful therapy with ABLC, surgery and posaconazole for Rhizopus microsporus var. rhizopodiformis liver eumycetoma in a child with acute leukaemia. Mycoses; 2009 May;52(3):276-9
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  • [Title] Successful therapy with ABLC, surgery and posaconazole for Rhizopus microsporus var. rhizopodiformis liver eumycetoma in a child with acute leukaemia.
  • Diagnosis of non-Aspergillus mould infections remains challenging despite application of a wide spectrum of non-culture-based microbiological techniques.
  • In this article, we present the case of a 15-month-old boy diagnosed with Rhizopus microsporus var. rhizopodiformis liver mycetoma during induction chemotherapy for acute promyelocytic leukaemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Amphotericin B / therapeutic use. Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Liver Diseases / therapy. Mycetoma / therapy. Rhizopus / isolation & purification. Triazoles / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 18643916.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0507
  • [Journal-full-title] Mycoses
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mycoses
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Triazoles; 0 / liposomal amphotericin B; 6TK1G07BHZ / posaconazole; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B
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26. Sarvis JA, Auge BK: Myeloid (granulocytic) sarcoma of epididymis as rare manifestation of recurrent acute myelogenous leukemia. Urology; 2009 May;73(5):1163.e1-3
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  • [Title] Myeloid (granulocytic) sarcoma of epididymis as rare manifestation of recurrent acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • Myeloid sarcoma involving the genitourinary system is a rare complication associated with acute myelogenous leukemia or other myeloproliferative disorders.
  • The diagnosis is made by pathologic findings of diffuse infiltration of intermediate-size neoplastic cells and fibrosis of the affected organ.
  • We report the second known case of myeloid sarcoma involving the epididymis in a patient with a history of acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Epididymis / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Sarcoma, Myeloid / diagnosis. Testicular Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Biopsy, Needle. Bone Marrow Transplantation / methods. Combined Modality Therapy. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Staging. Recurrence. Risk Assessment. Transplantation, Homologous. Treatment Outcome. Ultrasonography, Doppler


27. Ganzitti L, Fachechi G, Driul L, Marchesoni D: Acute promyelocytic leukemia during pregnancy. Fertil Steril; 2010 Nov;94(6):2330.e5-6
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  • [Title] Acute promyelocytic leukemia during pregnancy.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report our experience about a woman with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) during pregnancy.
  • PATIENT(S): A 32-year-old-woman, gravida 2, para 1, at the 25th week of pregnancy with a diagnosis of APL.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / diagnosis

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20447623.001).
  • [ISSN] 1556-5653
  • [Journal-full-title] Fertility and sterility
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Fertil. Steril.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; 7S5I7G3JQL / Dexamethasone; ZRP63D75JW / Idarubicin
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28. Torres T JP, Concha V E, López G JP, Cofre G J: [Acute retinal necrosis in an acute leukemia pediatric patient]. Rev Chilena Infectol; 2007 Aug;24(4):323-6
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  • [Title] [Acute retinal necrosis in an acute leukemia pediatric patient].
  • [Transliterated title] Necrosis retinal aguda en un paciente pediátrico con leucemia aguda.
  • Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is a serious condition that can impair vision.
  • It mostly occurs in adult patients, especially those severely immunocompromised, in association with a reactivation of a herpes virus infection.
  • We present a 4 years old patient with high risk acute leukemia, whom during a course of intense chemotherapy acquired chickenpox with visceral involvement that affected the retina, causing unilateral blindness.
  • [MeSH-major] Chickenpox / complications. Immunocompromised Host. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute / virology

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  • (PMID = 17728923.001).
  • [ISSN] 0716-1018
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista chilena de infectología : órgano oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Chilena Infectol
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Chile
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antiviral Agents
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29. Chandrasekar P: Prophylaxis against Aspergillus is not perfect: problems and perils in stem cell transplantation. Med Mycol; 2009;47 Suppl 1:S349-54
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  • [Title] Prophylaxis against Aspergillus is not perfect: problems and perils in stem cell transplantation.
  • Availability of newer, well tolerated anti-Aspergillus drugs at a time of rising prevalence of invasive aspergillosis has sparked enthusiasm for chemoprophylaxis against Aspergillus in allogeneic stem cell recipients.
  • Posaconazole, approved for prophylaxis in allogeneic stem cell recipients with graft versus host disease and in those with acute leukemia, is of promise but has a limitation relating to its oral bioavailability.
  • [MeSH-major] Aspergillosis / prevention & control. Chemoprevention / methods. Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 18663660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2709
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical mycology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Mycol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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30. Azevedo-Silva F, Reis Rde S, Santos Mde O, Luiz RR, Pombo-de-Oliveira MS: Evaluation of childhood acute leukemia incidence and underreporting in Brazil by capture-recapture methodology. Cancer Epidemiol; 2009 Dec;33(6):403-5
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  • [Title] Evaluation of childhood acute leukemia incidence and underreporting in Brazil by capture-recapture methodology.
  • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is said to have lower incidence in developing countries, which has implications for its pathogenesis, but there are few studies concerning the completeness of cancer registries in developing countries.
  • This study analyzes the number of cases and incidence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in three different cities in Brazil and estimates underreporting cases and possible PBCR failures.
  • The sources used were a population-based registry and databases from a diagnosis reference laboratory in 2001 and the Chapman's formula was used to calculate the estimates.
  • CONCLUSIONS: There was a high estimated underreporting of childhood leukemia cases in some Brazilian cities.
  • Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia incidence rates are similar to those of developed countries.
  • [MeSH-major] Disease Notification / statistics & numerical data. Population Surveillance. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology

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  • [CommentIn] Cancer Epidemiol. 2009 Dec;33(6):401-2 [19932647.001]
  • (PMID = 19833572.001).
  • [ISSN] 1877-783X
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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31. Guan LJ, Zhang JH, Wang YX, Zhang N, Hu YP, Li ZG, Zhao W: [Expression of ubiquitin associated protein 1 gene and tumor-suppressor gene p16 in acute leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2010 Oct;18(5):1119-23
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  • [Title] [Expression of ubiquitin associated protein 1 gene and tumor-suppressor gene p16 in acute leukemia].
  • In order to investigate the expression and the relationship of ubiquitin associated protein 1 (ubap1) gene and tumor-suppressor gene p16 in acute leukemia, 68 cases of acute leukemia and 22 control cases were selected in this experiment, FQ-PCR technique was used to detect the mRNA expression level of ubap1 gene and p16 gene in their bone marrow cells.
  • The results showed that as compared with the control group, the ubap1 gene in acute leukemia group highly expressed (p<0.01), while the p16 gene lowly expressed (p<0.01).
  • In addition to this, the ubap1 gene and p16 gene mRNA expression in AL was not relate with chromosome abnormality (p>0.05).
  • It is concluded that the upregulation of ubap1 gene expression mainly and the downregulation of p16 gene expression mainly may simultaneously participate in the pathogenesis of acute leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 21129243.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Carrier Proteins; 0 / Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / UBAP1 protein, human
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32. Rivera-Del Valle N, Gao S, Miller CP, Fulbright J, Gonzales C, Sirisawad M, Steggerda S, Wheler J, Balasubramanian S, Chandra J: PCI-24781, a Novel Hydroxamic Acid HDAC Inhibitor, Exerts Cytotoxicity and Histone Alterations via Caspase-8 and FADD in Leukemia Cells. Int J Cell Biol; 2010;2010:207420
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  • [Title] PCI-24781, a Novel Hydroxamic Acid HDAC Inhibitor, Exerts Cytotoxicity and Histone Alterations via Caspase-8 and FADD in Leukemia Cells.
  • In the present study, we show that apoptosis induction and histone alterations by PCI-24781, a novel hydroxamic acid-based HDAC inhibitor, require caspase-8 and the adaptor molecule, Fas-associated death domain (FADD), in acute leukemia cells.
  • Taken together, these results provide insight into the mechanism of apoptosis induction by PCI-24781 in leukemia by highlighting the roles of caspase-8, FADD and increased superoxide levels.

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  • (PMID = 20145726.001).
  • [ISSN] 1687-8884
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cell biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Cell Biol
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / R01 CA115811
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2817379
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33. Agarwal R, Gupta R, Bakhshi S, Sharma A: Unusual cytochemical reactivity for toluidine blue in granular acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report of two rare cases. Turk J Haematol; 2010 Mar 5;27(1):43-5
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  • [Title] Unusual cytochemical reactivity for toluidine blue in granular acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a report of two rare cases.
  • [Transliterated title] Granüler akut lenfoblastik lösemide toluidin mavisine yönelik olağandışı sitokimyasal reaktivite: İki nadir olgu raporu.
  • Azurophilic granulation of blasts is a feature of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Granular acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may mimic AML due to the presence of cytoplasmic granules in lymphoblasts, but cytochemistry and immunophenotyping are helpful in making the correct diagnosis.
  • Immunophenotyping and cytogenetic studies were helpful in making a correct diagnosis.
  • This report of two rare case highlight the reactivity of lymphoblasts with TB not hitherto described and the importance of a detailed diagnostic work-up in acute leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 27265798.001).
  • [ISSN] 1300-7777
  • [Journal-full-title] Turkish journal of haematology : official journal of Turkish Society of Haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk J Haematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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34. Hamerschlak N: Leukemia: genetics and prognostic factors. J Pediatr (Rio J); 2008 Aug;84(4 Suppl):S52-7
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  • [Title] Leukemia: genetics and prognostic factors.
  • OBJECTIVE: To present the implications of genetics, particularly of cytogenetic techniques, for the diagnosis and prognosis of leukemia.
  • Nowel and David Hungerford of the 9:22 translocation (the Philadelphia chromosome), genetics has come to play an important role in hematology, in this case making it possible to diagnose chronic myeloid leukemia and opening doors to research avenues for the whole field of oncology.
  • One point of great interest refers to the implications of these findings for the prognosis of a range of types of leukemia.
  • In acute myeloid leukemia, the karyotype is of fundamental importance to postremission treatment decisions, and molecular factors determine the treatment of individuals with normal karyotypes.
  • In chronic myeloid leukemia, clonal evolution is associated with progression to the blast crisis.
  • Finally, in acute lymphoblastic leukemia, factors such as hyperdiploidy and t 12:21 are associated with good prognosis, whereas carriers of t 4:11 and t 9:22 are considered high risk patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Genetics has come to stay as far as hematology and, in particular, the management of leukemia and its prognostic factors are concerned.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytogenetic Analysis. Leukemia / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Humans. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Prognosis

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  • (PMID = 18830516.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4782
  • [Journal-full-title] Jornal de pediatria
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr (Rio J)
  • [Language] eng; por
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Number-of-references] 30
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35. Feller M, Adam M, Zwahlen M, Brazzola P, Niggli F, Kuehni C, Swiss Pediatric Oncology Group (SPOG), Swiss National Cohort (SNC): Family characteristics as risk factors for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a population-based case-control study. PLoS One; 2010;5(10)
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  • [Title] Family characteristics as risk factors for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia: a population-based case-control study.
  • BACKGROUND: To date, few risk factors for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have been confirmed and the scientific literature is full of controversial "evidence."
  • We examined if family characteristics, particularly maternal and paternal age and number of older siblings, were risk factors for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Number of older siblings was not associated with risk of ALL in the overall group of children aged 0-14 years at diagnosis.
  • We found only a weak association with the number of older siblings, suggesting a delay in disease manifestation rather than a decrease in incidence.
  • [MeSH-major] Family. Population Surveillance. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology


36. Votava T, Topolcan O, Holubec L Jr, Cerna Z, Sasek L, Finek J, Kormunda S: Changes of serum thymidine kinase in children with acute leukemia. Anticancer Res; 2007 Jul-Aug;27(4A):1925-8
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  • [Title] Changes of serum thymidine kinase in children with acute leukemia.
  • Our main goal was to determine the significance of elevated TK levels as a relapse marker during follow-up with child patients suffering from acute leukemia.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: TK serum levels in 38 children with acute leukemia (34 lymphoblastic, 4 myeloblastic) were determined using radio-receptor analysis (RRA, Immunotech, Prague, USA).
  • RESULTS: Our results showed that TK serum levels at the time of diagnosis were extremely high (78-5826 U/l, median value 403 U/l, normal < 8 U/l), while in remission TK serum levels were much lower (5-80 U/l, median value 31 U/l).
  • During relapse of acute leukemia (5 cases), TK levels increased considerably to measurements between 120-800 U/l (median value 324 U/l).
  • Sensitivity in this case was 87% and thus TK serum levels seem to be a very good parameter during follow-up because of acceptable sensitivity, low cost (4 $/sample) and the elimination of a requirement for screening of bone marrow samples.
  • CONCLUSION: While TK serum levels were helpful in predicting relapse during follow-up, it is necessary to note that they did not correlate with prognosis in our group of patients during the time of the initial diagnosis of acute leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Leukemia / blood. Leukemia / pathology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / blood. Thymidine Kinase / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Blood Sedimentation. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Ferritins / blood. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Immunoassay. Infant. Male. Prognosis. ROC Curve. Sensitivity and Specificity

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  • (PMID = 17649797.001).
  • [ISSN] 0250-7005
  • [Journal-full-title] Anticancer research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Anticancer Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 9007-73-2 / Ferritins; EC 2.7.1.21 / Thymidine Kinase
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37. Mussa A, Bertorello N, Porta F, Galletto C, Nicolosi MG, Manicone R, Corrias A, Fagioli F: Prospective bone ultrasound patterns during childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment. Bone; 2010 Apr;46(4):1016-20
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  • [Title] Prospective bone ultrasound patterns during childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment.
  • OBJECTIVE: Bone impairment is a well-known complication in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) survivors but less is known about bone dynamics during ALL therapy.
  • Measurements were performed at diagnosis, and 6, 12, and 24 months thereafter.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Bone and Bones / ultrasonography. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / ultrasonography

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  • [Copyright] Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • [CommentIn] Bone. 2010 Oct;47(4):835-6; author reply 837-8 [20624504.001]
  • (PMID = 20044045.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2763
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; 8J337D1HZY / Cytosine; 8N3DW7272P / Cyclophosphamide; E7WED276I5 / 6-Mercaptopurine; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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38. Loh AH, Chui CH: Port-A-Cath insertions in acute leukaemia and childhood malignancies. Asian J Surg; 2007 Jul;30(3):193-9
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  • [Title] Port-A-Cath insertions in acute leukaemia and childhood malignancies.
  • Incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs), other complications and CRBSI-related port removals were analysed for cases with acute leukaemia versus other malignancies.
  • While mean preoperative platelet count was 125.34 x 10(9)/L in children with acute leukaemia and 392.11 x 10(9)/L in those with other malignancies (p < 0.01), the incidence of all complications were similar between both subgroups.

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  • (PMID = 17638639.001).
  • [ISSN] 1015-9584
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian J Surg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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39. Zerizer I, Humphries PD: Imaging 'the lost tribe': a review of adolescent cancer imaging. Part 2: imaging of complications of cancer treatment. Cancer Imaging; 2009;9:82-8
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  • Adolescent cancers are treated with a host of chemotherapy agents, radiotherapy and stem cell transplantation.
  • This second article reviews the imaging of acute and early complications relating to adolescent cancer treatment, many of which may also be seen in the treatment of paediatric patients.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Brain / drug effects. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects. Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease / diagnosis. Humans. Infection / diagnosis. Lung / drug effects. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Osteonecrosis / diagnosis. Tomography, X-Ray Computed

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  • (PMID = 19933021.001).
  • [ISSN] 1470-7330
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer imaging : the official publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Imaging
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 30
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2792085
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40. Tokuda Y, Chinen K, Obara H, Joishy SK: Intervals between symptom onset and clinical presentation in cancer patients. Intern Med; 2009;48(11):899-905
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  • OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate relative values of the intervals between symptom onset and clinical presentation in cancer patients and to correlate them with diagnosis of distant metastasis.
  • We examined the intervals of symptom onset to clinical presentation and the presence of metastasis at diagnosis.
  • The cancer group with a short interval of only days to weeks included hepatobiliary, ovary, brain, and acute leukemia.
  • CONCLUSION: Hepatobiliary, ovary, brain, and acute leukemia are among the cancer types with an interval of days to weeks, while head and neck, thyroid, and skin cancers are among the types with an interval of months to years.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasms / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm Metastasis / diagnosis. Neoplasm Metastasis / therapy. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Time Factors. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19483358.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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41. Sterba J, Prochazka J, Ventruba J, Kren L, Valik D, Burgetova D, Mudry P, Skotakova J, Blatny J: Successful treatment of aspergillus brain abscess in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and liver failure. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2005 Dec;22(8):649-55
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  • [Title] Successful treatment of aspergillus brain abscess in a child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and liver failure.
  • The authors describe an adolescent girl with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with subsequent acute liver failure, who developed an aspergillus brain abscess.
  • Her ALL remains now in complete remission 30 months from diagnosis, with no evidence of fungal infection.
  • [MeSH-major] Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Aspergillosis / drug therapy. Brain Abscess / drug therapy. Liver Failure, Acute / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 16251170.001).
  • [ISSN] 0888-0018
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Pyrimidines; 0 / Triazoles; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B; JFU09I87TR / Voriconazole
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42. Haresh KP, Joshi N, Gupta C, Prabhakar R, Sharma DN, Julka PK, Rath GK: Granulocytic sarcoma masquerading as Ewing's sarcoma: a diagnostic dilemma. J Cancer Res Ther; 2008 Jul-Sep;4(3):137-9
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  • Histopathology showed small round cell tumor strongly positive for Monoclonal Imperial Cancer research fund 2 (MIC2) antigen.
  • The initial biopsies were reevaluated with special stains revealing granulocytic sarcomas in acute myeloid leukemia masquerading as Ewing's due to its MIC2 positivity.
  • The possibility of myeloid neoplasms should be considered routinely with known MIC2 positive round cell tumors.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Sarcoma, Ewing / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biomarkers, Tumor / analysis. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Elbow / pathology. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 18923208.001).
  • [ISSN] 1998-4138
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cancer research and therapeutics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Cancer Res Ther
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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43. Inskip PD, Curtis RE: New malignancies following childhood cancer in the United States, 1973-2002. Int J Cancer; 2007 Nov 15;121(10):2233-40
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  • Most common were subsequent primary cancers of the female breast, central nervous system, bone, thyroid gland and soft tissue, as well as cutaneous melanoma and acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL).
  • The O/E for subsequent ANLL increased with increasing calendar year of initial cancer diagnosis among survivors of cancers other than HL, most likely due to increasing use of leukemogenic drugs for solid cancers and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Childhood cancer survivors are at markedly increased risk of developing a variety of new cancers relative to the general population, but the magnitude of excess risk and specific types of second cancer vary widely by type of first cancer.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 17557301.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0215
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Babaei M, Mousavi S, Malek M, Tosi G, Masoumeh Z, Danaei N, Gafar G: Cancer occurrence in Semnan Province, Iran: results of a population-based cancer registry. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2005 Apr-Jun;6(2):159-64
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  • [Title] Cancer occurrence in Semnan Province, Iran: results of a population-based cancer registry.
  • Diagnosis of cancer was based on histopathology, clinical or radiological findings, and death certificates.
  • In the child population the most common tumors were of the brain, acute lymphocytic leukemia, and bone.

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  • (PMID = 16101326.001).
  • [ISSN] 1513-7368
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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45. Feltbower RG, McNally RJ, Kinsey SE, Lewis IJ, Picton SV, Proctor SJ, Richards M, Shenton G, Skinner R, Stark DP, Vormoor J, Windebank KP, McKinney PA: Epidemiology of leukaemia and lymphoma in children and young adults from the north of England, 1990-2002. Eur J Cancer; 2009 Feb;45(3):420-7
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  • [Title] Epidemiology of leukaemia and lymphoma in children and young adults from the north of England, 1990-2002.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Incidence rates were examined by age, sex and period of diagnosis and differences were tested using Poisson regression.
  • RESULTS: 1680 subjects were included comprising 948 leukaemias and 732 lymphomas.
  • Incidence rates for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia were significantly higher for 0-14 compared to 15-24-year-olds, whilst Hodgkin lymphoma showed the reverse.
  • 60% of leukaemia patients aged 15-24 years entered trials compared to 92% of 0-14-year-olds.
  • Survival rates were significantly lower and improved less markedly over time for 15-24 compared to 0-14-year-olds, particularly for leukaemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / epidemiology. Lymphoma / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19004628.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-0852
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of cancer (Oxford, England : 1990)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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46. Reman O, Pigneux A, Huguet F, Vey N, Delannoy A, Fegueux N, de Botton S, Stamatoullas A, Tournilhac O, Buzyn A, Charrin C, Boucheix C, Gabert J, Lhéritier V, Vernant JP, Fière D, Dombret H, Thomas X, GET-LALA group: Central nervous system involvement in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia at diagnosis and/or at first relapse: results from the GET-LALA group. Leuk Res; 2008 Nov;32(11):1741-50
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  • [Title] Central nervous system involvement in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia at diagnosis and/or at first relapse: results from the GET-LALA group.
  • Outcome of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with central nervous system (CNS) involvement is not clearly defined.
  • We studied 104 patients presenting with CNS involvement at diagnosis among 1493 patients (7%) included into the LALA trials, and 109 patients presenting CNS disease at the time of first relapse among the 709 relapsing patients (15%).
  • Eighty-seven patients (84%) with CNS leukemia at diagnosis achieved complete remission (CR).
  • Fifty-three patients underwent stem cell transplantation (SCT): 25 allogeneic SCT, 28 autologous SCT, while 34 continued with chemotherapy alone.
  • Seven-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 34% and 35%, respectively.
  • There were no significant differences in terms of CR, OS and DFS among patients with CNS involvement at diagnosis and those without CNS disease.
  • Outcome was similar to that of relapsing patients without CNS disease.
  • CNS leukemia in adult ALL is uncommon at diagnosis as well as at the time of first relapse.
  • With intensification therapy, patients with CNS leukemia at diagnosis have a similar outcome than those who did not present with CNS involvement.
  • CNS leukemia at first relapse remains of similar poor prognosis than all other adult ALL in first relapse.
  • [MeSH-major] Central Nervous System Neoplasms / etiology. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Combined Modality Therapy. Female. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Stem Cell Transplantation. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 18508120.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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47. Ali SH, Yacoub FM, Al-Matar E: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting as bilateral renal enlargement in a child. Med Princ Pract; 2008;17(6):504-6
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  • [Title] Acute lymphoblastic leukemia presenting as bilateral renal enlargement in a child.
  • OBJECTIVE: To report a case with early presentation of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) as bilateral renal masses and renal failure.
  • Accordingly, bone marrow examination was performed, and diagnosis of ALL was made.
  • The patient developed acute renal failure after initiation of chemotherapy, so he received hemodialysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Acute Kidney Injury / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Renal Dialysis

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel.
  • (PMID = 18836283.001).
  • [ISSN] 1423-0151
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical principles and practice : international journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Princ Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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48. Sun HM, Qian SX, Wu YJ, Qiao C, Hong M, Fan L, Yang H, Zhang JF, Zhang SJ, Wu HX, Qiu HX, Lu H, Xu W, Sheng RL, Li JY: [Immunophenotypic features in 143 cases of acute promyelocytic leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Feb;17(1):176-9
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  • [Title] [Immunophenotypic features in 143 cases of acute promyelocytic leukemia].
  • This study was aimed to investigate the immunophenotypic characteristics of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
  • 42 patients with HLA-DR(-) (non-APL AML, DR(-)AML) were randomly selected as controls.
  • It is concluded that the immunophenotyping can provide proof to the rapid diagnosis of APL.

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  • (PMID = 19236773.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / HLA-DR Antigens; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3
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49. Chen IM, Chakerian A, Devidas M, Borowitz MJ, Hunger SP, Willman CL, Viswanatha DS: Resolution of ambiguous low-level positive quantitative polymerase chain reaction results in TEL-AML1 positive ALL using a post-PCR fluorescent oligoligation method. Br J Haematol; 2006 Nov;135(3):358-61
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  • The interpretation of low-level or non-reproducible amplification results in clinical quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) assays can be difficult to definitively resolve.
  • Concerning minimal residual disease detection in leukaemia, indeterminate low-level results might create prognostic or therapeutic dilemmas.
  • We evaluated low-level, ambiguous Q-PCR results in a study of paired diagnostic and end-induction (day 29) TEL-AML1 positive acute lymphoblastic leukaemia samples utilising a novel fluorescent primer ligation detection assay.
  • The data presented here indicate that a significant number of low-level apparent Q-PCR positive results may be spurious or non-specific in nature, requiring additional technical manoeuvres for confirmation of true positive cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion / genetics. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. DNA Primers / chemistry. DNA, Neoplasm / chemistry. Flow Cytometry / methods. Fluorescent Dyes. Humans. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Neoplasm, Residual / genetics. Reproducibility of Results

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  • (PMID = 16984387.001).
  • [ISSN] 0007-1048
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA98543-01
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Fluorescent Dyes; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / TEL-AML1 fusion protein
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50. Lim CK, Goh YT, Hwang WY, Ho LP, Sun L: Studies of Wilms' Tumor (WT1) Gene Expression in Adult Acute Leukemias in Singapore. Biomark Insights; 2007 Aug 08;2:293-8
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  • [Title] Studies of Wilms' Tumor (WT1) Gene Expression in Adult Acute Leukemias in Singapore.
  • Biomarkers provide certain values for diagnosis, monitor treatment efficacy, or for the development of novel therapeutic approach for particular diseases.
  • Thus, the identification of specific of biomarkers for specific medical problems, including malignant diseases may be valuable in medical practice.
  • In the study, we have used the Wilms' tumor gene (WT1) as a biomarker to evaluate its expression in local adult patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia, including both acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemias (AML and ALL).
  • AIM: To investigate WT1 gene expression in adult patients with acute leukemia at diagnosis.
  • METHODS: Eighteen patients with acute leukemia diagnosed at Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, between September, 2004 and July, 2005 were included in this study.
  • RESULTS: WT1 gene was exclusively expressed in all eighteen, including three ALL and fifteen AML, patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: WT1 gene expression was observed in local patients with acute leukemia at diagnosis.
  • It may be used as a potential molecular marker for diagnosis, clinical progression of the diseases or monitoring the response to treatment, as well as a target for the development of novel therapeutic approaches.

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  • (PMID = 19662212.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Biomarker insights
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biomark Insights
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2717842
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HLA-A / WT1 / adulthood acute leukemia / gene expression
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51. Van Den Akker J, Coppo P, Portnoï MF, Barbu V, Bories D, Gorin NC: Simultaneous regression of Philadelphia chromosome and multiple nonrecurrent clonal chromosomal abnormalities with imatinib mesylate in a patient autografted 22 years before for chronic myelogenous leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2007 Sep;48(9):1858-65
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  • [Title] Simultaneous regression of Philadelphia chromosome and multiple nonrecurrent clonal chromosomal abnormalities with imatinib mesylate in a patient autografted 22 years before for chronic myelogenous leukemia.
  • A 31-year-old patient developed chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in November, 1983.
  • In November 1984, following a diagnosis of acceleration, he received an autologous hemopoietic transplant after conditioning with cyclophosphamide and total body irradiation.
  • Multiple nonrecurrent clonal chromosomal abnormalities appeared leading to a very complex karyotype, including among others involvement of chromosomes 1, 7, 9, 13, 19, and X.
  • Acute myeloid crisis was diagnosed in February, 2004.
  • We question whether the ex vivo purging procedure with mafosfamide has favored the occurrence of these particular cytogenetic abnormalities (with no independent oncogenic potential) within the original leukemic stem cell pool.
  • At time of acute crisis, the dramatic response to imatinib mesylate leading to a complete cytogenetic and molecular response is noteworthy.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Chromosome Aberrations. Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive / drug therapy. Philadelphia Chromosome. Piperazines / therapeutic use. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use


52. Kaminska D, Bernat B, Vakulenko O, Kuzniar J, Tyran B, Suchnicki K, Lange A, Mazanowska O, Halon A, Klinger M: Glomerular lesion and increased cytokine gene expression in renal tissue in patients with decompensated nephrotic syndrome due to chronic GvHD. Ren Fail; 2010 May;32(4):510-4
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  • The nephrotic syndrome is a rare complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT).
  • We present two cases of nephrotic syndrome during chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) involving altered cytokine gene expression in renal tissue.
  • A patient with acute lymphatic leukemia demonstrated nephrotic syndrome due to minimal change disease as a marker of chronic GvHD.
  • A patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia suffered from severe nephrotic syndrome due to membranous glomerulopathy.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytokines / genetics. Graft vs Host Disease / complications. Nephrosis, Lipoid / etiology. Nephrotic Syndrome / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Diagnosis, Differential. Gene Expression. Humans. Male. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction

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  • (PMID = 20446793.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-6049
  • [Journal-full-title] Renal failure
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ren Fail
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines
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53. Kwon WK, Lee JY, Mun YC, Seong CM, Chung WS, Huh J: Clinical utility of FISH analysis in addition to G-banded karyotype in hematologic malignancies and proposal of a practical approach. Korean J Hematol; 2010 Sep;45(3):171-6
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  • [Title] Clinical utility of FISH analysis in addition to G-banded karyotype in hematologic malignancies and proposal of a practical approach.
  • METHODS: Bone marrow aspirates were obtained from 135 patients at diagnosis (56 AML, 32 MDS, 20 ALL, and 27 MM) between 2005 and 2010.


54. LoSavio AD, Bunnag AP, Rubin DT: Colonic infiltration with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia. Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol; 2007 Apr;4(4):229-33
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  • [Title] Colonic infiltration with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: A 75-year-old female presented with a 1 month history of non-bloody diarrhea, associated with abdominal cramping and urgency.
  • Her medical history was notable for chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, diagnosed 6 years previously and managed expectantly by monitoring the patient's complete blood count.
  • The patient's course of disease was ultimately complicated by acute disseminated encephalomyelitis and death.
  • DIAGNOSIS: Leukemic colitis.
  • MANAGEMENT: Management of underlying leukemia with systemic hydroxyurea and topical colonic 5-aminosalicylic acid therapy.
  • [MeSH-major] Colon / pathology. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / complications. Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic / pathology. Leukemic Infiltration / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Abdominal Pain / diagnosis. Abdominal Pain / etiology. Aged. Biopsy, Needle. Colitis / etiology. Colitis / pathology. Colitis / therapy. Colonoscopy / methods. Diarrhea / diagnosis. Diarrhea / etiology. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Intestinal Mucosa / pathology. Severity of Illness Index

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  • (PMID = 17404590.001).
  • [ISSN] 1743-4386
  • [Journal-full-title] Nature clinical practice. Gastroenterology & hepatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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55. Winterstein AR, Bohndorf K, Vollert K, Wagner T, Gnekow A, Roemer FW: Invasive aspergillosis osteomyelitis in children--a case report and review of the literature. Skeletal Radiol; 2010 Aug;39(8):827-31
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  • The case of a 4-year-old boy is presented who developed lumbalgia and thigh pain during ongoing chemotherapy for acute lymphatic leukemia.
  • The histologic diagnosis was consistent with angioinvasive aspergillosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Aspergillosis. Femur / diagnostic imaging. Lumbar Vertebrae / diagnostic imaging. Osteomyelitis / diagnosis. Pancytopenia / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
  • [MeSH-minor] Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Pain. Radiography. Ultrasonography

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  • [Cites] Kurume Med J. 1999;46(1):87-90 [10319618.001]
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  • (PMID = 20512571.001).
  • [ISSN] 1432-2161
  • [Journal-full-title] Skeletal radiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Skeletal Radiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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56. Franklin JG, Paus MD, Pluetschow A, Specht L: Chemotherapy, radiotherapy and combined modality for Hodgkin's disease, with emphasis on second cancer risk. Cochrane Database Syst Rev; 2005;(4):CD003187
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  • [Title] Chemotherapy, radiotherapy and combined modality for Hodgkin's disease, with emphasis on second cancer risk.
  • BACKGROUND: Second malignancies (SM) are a major late effect of treatment for Hodgkin's disease (HD).
  • OBJECTIVES: Radiotherapy (RT), chemotherapy (CT) and combined chemo-radiotherapy (CRT) for newly-diagnosed Hodgkin's disease are compared with respect to SM risk, overall (OS) and progression-free (PFS) survival.
  • Secondary acute leukemia (AL), non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and solid tumours (ST) were also analysed separately.
  • [MeSH-major] Hodgkin Disease / drug therapy. Hodgkin Disease / radiotherapy. Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced / etiology. Neoplasms, Second Primary / etiology

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  • (PMID = 16235316.001).
  • [ISSN] 1469-493X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Cochrane database of systematic reviews
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cochrane Database Syst Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 127
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57. Fanci R, Pecile P, Di Lollo S, Dini C, Bosi A: Pulmonary mucormycosis with cervical lymph node involvement in a patient with acute myeloid leukaemia: a case report. Mycoses; 2008 Jul;51(4):354-6
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  • [Title] Pulmonary mucormycosis with cervical lymph node involvement in a patient with acute myeloid leukaemia: a case report.
  • Here we describe a rare case of pulmonary mucormycosis and simultaneous cervical lymphadenitis in a patient with acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • The diagnosis of Mucor is very difficult, especially in severely immunocompromised patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Lung Diseases, Fungal / microbiology. Lymphadenitis / microbiology. Mucormycosis / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 18855847.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-0507
  • [Journal-full-title] Mycoses
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mycoses
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / liposomal amphotericin B; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B
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58. Mlombie Y: Acute leukemia and aggressive lymphoma treatment in adults: it is time for Malawi to move forward. Malawi Med J; 2010 Jun;22(2):59-60
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  • [Title] Acute leukemia and aggressive lymphoma treatment in adults: it is time for Malawi to move forward.
  • [MeSH-major] Burkitt Lymphoma. Leukemia
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Humans. Malawi. Practice Patterns, Physicians' / trends

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  • [Cites] Clin Exp Immunol. 1975 Feb;19(2):201-8 [1240046.001]
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  • [CommentOn] Malawi Med J. 2009 Jun;21(2):86, 88-9 [20345012.001]
  • (PMID = 21618748.001).
  • [ISSN] 1995-7262
  • [Journal-full-title] Malawi medical journal : the journal of Medical Association of Malawi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Malawi Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Comment; Letter
  • [Publication-country] Malawi
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3345756
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59. Song KW, Barnett MJ, Gascoyne RD, Chhanabhai M, Forrest DL, Hogge DE, Lavoie JC, Nantel SH, Nevill TJ, Shepherd JD, Smith CA, Sutherland HJ, Toze CL, Voss NJ, Connors JM: Primary therapy for adults with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma with hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation results in favorable outcomes. Ann Oncol; 2007 Mar;18(3):535-40
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  • [Title] Primary therapy for adults with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma with hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation results in favorable outcomes.
  • BACKGROUND: Controversy exists regarding the role of high-dose therapy followed by stem-cell transplant (SCT) in the treatment of T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (T-LBL).
  • Treatment, before planned SCT, consisted of a non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL)/acute lymphoblastic leukemia hybrid chemotherapy protocol (28 patients) or a standard NHL chemotherapy regimen (six patients).
  • All patients who received allografts are alive without disease at 38-141 months since diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 17158775.001).
  • [ISSN] 0923-7534
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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60. Rossi S, Canal F, Licci S, Zanatta L, Laurino L, Gottardi M, Gherlinzoni F, Dei Tos AP: Cytogenetic evidence of metastatic myxoid liposarcoma and therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome in a bone marrow biopsy. Hum Pathol; 2009 Jul;40(7):1040-4
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  • Microscopic examination of the bone marrow biopsy revealed dysplastic features, with abnormal localization of immature precursors and micromegakaryocytes, and islands of undifferentiated oval small/medium-size cells, suggestive of acute myeloid leukemia arising in the setting of a myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • Cytogenetic analyses of bone marrow aspirate disclosed the presence of 2 different rearrangements, subsequently confirmed by fluorescent in situ hybridization and was crucial in making the correct diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Anemia, Refractory / pathology. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11. Combined Modality Therapy / adverse effects. Female. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Soft Tissue Neoplasms / pathology. Thigh / pathology


61. Sørensen GV, Helgestad J, Rosthøj S: [Varicella-associated morbidity in children undergoing chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia]. Ugeskr Laeger; 2009 Nov 9;171(46):3354-9
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  • [Title] [Varicella-associated morbidity in children undergoing chemotherapy for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia].
  • [Transliterated title] Varicel-associeret morbiditet hos børn i kemoterapi for akut lymfoblastaer leukaemi.
  • INTRODUCTION: In children with cancer, varicella can be complicated by visceral dissemination with a risk of fatal outcome, especially in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL).
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Among 67 children diagnosed with ALL during 1992-2007, 22 were seronegative for varicella-zoster virus (VZV) at the time of diagnosis.
  • We recommend that susceptible siblings should be vaccinated at the time of diagnosis and the child should receive vaccination once oral maintenance chemotherapy has been initiated.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Chickenpox / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19925741.001).
  • [ISSN] 1603-6824
  • [Journal-full-title] Ugeskrift for laeger
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ugeskr. Laeg.
  • [Language] dan
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Antiviral Agents; 0 / Chickenpox Vaccine; X4HES1O11F / Acyclovir
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62. Thomas X, Campos L, Le QH, Guyotat D: Heat shock proteins and acute leukemias. Hematology; 2005 Jun;10(3):225-35
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  • [Title] Heat shock proteins and acute leukemias.
  • HSPs have also been implicated in the resistance of leukemia cells to potential therapeutic agents.
  • HSPs were shown highly expressed by acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells as well as by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / metabolism. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic / drug effects. HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Rifabutin / analogs & derivatives

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  • (PMID = 16019471.001).
  • [ISSN] 1024-5332
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Benzoquinones; 0 / HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins; 0 / Lactams, Macrocyclic; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 1W306TDA6S / Rifabutin; 4GY0AVT3L4 / tanespimycin
  • [Number-of-references] 122
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63. Kasahara S, Hara T, Tsurumi H, Goto N, Kanemura N, Yoshikawa T, Yamada T, Sawada M, Takahashi T, Moriwaki H: [Clinical effects of biapenem on febrile neutropenia in patients with hematological malignancy]. Jpn J Antibiot; 2008 Jun;61(3):115-21
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  • When the diagnosis of FN was established among them, those patients received intravenous biapenem 0.6 g every 12 hours.
  • The underlying diseases were acute lymphocytic leukemia in 6 cases, acute myelocytic leukemia in 21, multiple myeloma in 3, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in 19.
  • [MeSH-major] Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / complications. Multiple Myeloma / complications. Neutropenia / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Thienamycins / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 18814798.001).
  • [ISSN] 0368-2781
  • [Journal-full-title] The Japanese journal of antibiotics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Jpn J Antibiot
  • [Language] jpn
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Infective Agents; 0 / Thienamycins; 120410-24-4 / biapenem
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64. Ennis MK, Dingli D: Death by fusion for acute leukemia cells. Cancer Biol Ther; 2010 Mar 1;9(5):358-61
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  • [Title] Death by fusion for acute leukemia cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / pathology

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  • [CommentOn] Cancer Biol Ther. 2010 Mar 1;9(5):350-7 [20061812.001]
  • (PMID = 20104027.001).
  • [ISSN] 1555-8576
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer biology & therapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Biol. Ther.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comment; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 24
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65. Li R, Cao XH, Liu C, Wu XL, Ling YW, Zhang Y, Feng R, Liu QF: [Clinical implications of HLA-G protein expression in acute leukemia]. Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao; 2010 Nov;30(11):2446-8
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  • [Title] [Clinical implications of HLA-G protein expression in acute leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To detect the expression of membrane-bound HLA-G (mHLA-G) and serum HLA-G (sHLA-G) in acute leukemia patients and investigate the correlation between HLA-G expression and the occurrence and development of acute leukemia.
  • METHODS: Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry were used to detect the expression levels of sHLA-G and mHLA-G in 40 newly diagnosed leukemia cases, 10 refractory and relapsed leukemia cases, and 30 leukemia cases receiving chemotherapy.
  • RESULTS: The mean serum level of sHLA-G in normal individuals was 5.87±2.07 ng/ml, as compared to 10.05±6.58 ng/ml in newly diagnosed leukemia patients and 12.32±5.85 ng/ml in refractory and relapsed cases.
  • CONCLUSION: HLA-G expression levels might influence the treatment outcomes and can serve as a prognostic factor for acute leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] HLA-G Antigens / metabolism. Leukemia / metabolism. Leukemia / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 21097401.001).
  • [ISSN] 1673-4254
  • [Journal-full-title] Nan fang yi ke da xue xue bao = Journal of Southern Medical University
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / HLA-G Antigens
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66. van Onna M, van Bemmel T, van Wensen E, Schaar C, Slis H, Spronk PE: Black and blue . . . and unconscious. BMJ; 2009;339:b2864
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  • [MeSH-major] Brain Injuries / diagnosis. Coma / etiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Purpura / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Cerebral Hemorrhage / diagnosis. Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 19625351.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-1833
  • [Journal-full-title] BMJ (Clinical research ed.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMJ
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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67. Li X, Du W, Liu W, Li X, Li H, Huang SA: Comprehensive flow cytometry phenotype in acute leukemia at diagnosis and at relapse. APMIS; 2010 May;118(5):353-9
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  • [Title] Comprehensive flow cytometry phenotype in acute leukemia at diagnosis and at relapse.
  • Multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) plays a vital role in the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) and diagnosis of relapse in acute leukemia.
  • However, application of a limited panel of antibodies in MFC leads to high rates of false-negative and false-positive results.
  • Thirteen patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 12 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were immunophenotyped by MFC at diagnosis and at relapse using a comprehensive panel of monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) to 27 antigens and CD45/SSC gating.
  • In 23 of 25 patients (92.3%), changes in at least one of progenitor-associated, myeloid and lymphoid antigens between diagnosis and relapse were observed.
  • Multiple panels of three or more McAbs are likely to be required in the monitoring of MRD and diagnosis of relapse in acute leukemia by MFC.
  • [MeSH-major] Flow Cytometry / methods. Immunophenotyping / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20477810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0463
  • [Journal-full-title] APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] APMIS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm
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68. Cwiklińska M, Balwierz W: [Osteoarticular pains as early manifestation of malignancies in children]. Przegl Lek; 2009;66(1-2):39-44
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  • When these complaints predominate in the clinical presentation, they lead the diagnosis towards nonmalignant conditions, that are most common cause of such symptoms in children, like injuries, nonspecific reactive arthritis or inflammatory connective tissue diseases.
  • However, in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, the most prevalent childhood malignancy, bone and joint pains are present early in 40-60% of cases and they frequently anticipate any abnormalities in complete blood counts.
  • Findings reported in the literature and own observations indicate that these complaints correlate with: lower white cell counts, lower percentage of blast cells in the peripheral blood and lower incidence of organomegaly - that may delay the decision of bone marrow aspiration.
  • Oncologic vigilance must be inspired by discreet hematological abnormalites (like increased anemia, lower white cell counts with lymphocytosis, mild thrombocytopenia) -that indicate bone marrow infiltration, as well as high erythrocyte sedimentation rate, accompanied by moderately elevated C-reactive protein - characteristic for malignancy.
  • The aim of this study was to focus the attention of pediatricians to the necessity of including malignancy in the differential diagnosis of intensive or unexplained osteoarticular complaints.
  • [MeSH-major] Arthralgia / etiology. Arthritis / etiology. Neoplasms / complications. Neoplasms / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 19485254.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2240
  • [Journal-full-title] Przegla̧d lekarski
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Prz. Lek.
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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69. Asner S, Ammann RA, Ozsahin H, Beck-Popovic M, von der Weid NX: Obesity in long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2008 Jul;51(1):118-22
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  • [Title] Obesity in long-term survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with current cure rates reaching 80% emphasizes the necessity to determine treatment related long-term effects.
  • Overweight/obesity at diagnosis and abnormal maternal BMI were significantly associated with abnormal weight at follow-up, while age at diagnosis, gender, cumulative dose of steroids and paternal BMI showed no association.
  • [MeSH-major] Obesity / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Survivors


70. Inoue D, Maruoka H, Takahashi T: Clinical analysis and optimization of postremission therapy for acute myeloid leukemia patients with minimal residual disease as determined by flow cytometry. Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis; 2010;2(2):e2010020
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  • [Title] Clinical analysis and optimization of postremission therapy for acute myeloid leukemia patients with minimal residual disease as determined by flow cytometry.
  • BACKGROUND: Although several prognostic indicators of de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients have been identified, the clinical significance of minimal residual disease (MRD) needs to be evaluated further in Japanese adult patients.
  • METHODS: Using three color flow cytometry, we identified leukemia-associated phenotypes (LAP) in bone marrow specimens at diagnosis and assessed the relationship between clinical outcomes and the presence of marrow MRD in 33 patients who achieved a morphologic complete remission (CR) and were followed after CR.
  • Four patients in Group A underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT) when in the CR state and did not experience relapse at a median follow-up period of 20.5 months after HSCT.
  • CONCLUSIONS: MRD is critical for predicting de novo AML outcomes.

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  • (PMID = 21415971.001).
  • [ISSN] 2035-3006
  • [Journal-full-title] Mediterranean journal of hematology and infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mediterr J Hematol Infect Dis
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3033143
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71. Xu Q, Wang M, You Q, Wang H, Ye K, Zhan R, Zhou Y: Isolated recurrence of granulocytic sarcoma-two case reports-. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo); 2009 Dec;49(12):611-5
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  • A 29-year-old male presented with an extra- and intracranial mass 10 years after bone marrow transplantation for chronic myeloid leukemia.
  • A 34-year-old female presented with an intracranial mass 3 years after complete remission of acute myeloid leukemia-M2a.
  • The second patient only received whole brain radiotherapy, failed to respond, and died of systemic leukemia later.
  • [MeSH-major] Head and Neck Neoplasms / etiology. Head and Neck Neoplasms / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / pathology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / etiology. Sarcoma, Myeloid / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Brain Neoplasms / etiology. Brain Neoplasms / pathology. Brain Neoplasms / therapy. Combined Modality Therapy / methods. Drug Therapy. Early Diagnosis. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Male. Neurosurgical Procedures. Radiotherapy. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20035140.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-8029
  • [Journal-full-title] Neurologia medico-chirurgica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neurol. Med. Chir. (Tokyo)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
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72. Dubowy R, Graham M, Hakami N, Kletzel M, Mahoney D, Newman E, Ravindranath Y, Camitta B: Sequential oral hydroxyurea and intravenous cytosine arabinoside in refractory childhood acute leukemia: a pediatric oncology group phase 1 study. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 May;30(5):353-7
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  • [Title] Sequential oral hydroxyurea and intravenous cytosine arabinoside in refractory childhood acute leukemia: a pediatric oncology group phase 1 study.
  • At concentrations >0.1 mM, hydroxyurea (HU) enhances the accumulation of cytosine arabinoside (ara-C) in leukemia cells in vitro.
  • This study of children with refractory acute leukemia was designed to take advantage of this biochemical modulation.
  • Thirty-three children [26 acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), 7 acute nonlymphocytic leukemia] were treated; 29 received at least 1 full course.
  • There were 6 complete responses (5 ALL), 5 partial responses (3 ALL), and 19 patients with no response or progressive disease.
  • This combination of HU and ara-C is tolerable and has efficacy in refractory leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytarabine / toxicity. Hydroxyurea / toxicity. Leukemia / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Child. Child, Preschool. Humans. Infection / epidemiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / mortality. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / drug therapy. Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell / mortality. Liver / drug effects. Liver / pathology. Skin / drug effects. Skin / pathology. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 18458568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098413; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098543
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; X6Q56QN5QC / Hydroxyurea
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS721202; NLM/ PMC4601800
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73. Berköz M, Yalin S: Association of CYP2B6 G15631T polymorphism with acute leukemia susceptibility. Leuk Res; 2009 Jul;33(7):919-23
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  • [Title] Association of CYP2B6 G15631T polymorphism with acute leukemia susceptibility.
  • In this study, we aimed to determine whether any association exists between genetic polymorphism in CYP2B6G15631T and individual susceptibility to acute leukemia.
  • Our study group consisted of 80 acute leukemia patients and 100 unrelated healthy volunteers as a control group.
  • 44 of the acute leukemia patients were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 36 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • The frequencies of GG genotype (wild type) were 40.9%, 50% and 67% in ALL, AML and control groups, respectively.
  • The TT genotype (homozygous variant) was not observed in either control or leukemia cases.
  • Logistic regression analyses showed a significant correlation between the CYP2B6 G15631T polymorphism (GT) and acute leukemia patients (OR=2.481, 95% CI=1.353-4.551, p=0.003).
  • Our findings indicate that GT genotype may be an important genetic determinant for acute leukemias.
  • According to our knowledge, this is the first report of an association between acute leukemia cases and the CYP2B6 G15631T polymorphism.
  • [MeSH-major] Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating / genetics. Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Disease Susceptibility. Genotype. Humans. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19144407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; EC 1.14.14.1 / Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases; EC 1.14.14.1 / CYP2B6 protein, human; EC 1.14.14.1 / Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6; EC 1.5.- / Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating
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74. Kadan-Lottick NS, Brouwers P, Breiger D, Kaleita T, Dziura J, Northrup V, Chen L, Nicoletti M, Bostrom B, Stork L, Neglia JP: Comparison of neurocognitive functioning in children previously randomly assigned to intrathecal methotrexate compared with triple intrathecal therapy for the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 Dec 10;27(35):5986-92
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  • [Title] Comparison of neurocognitive functioning in children previously randomly assigned to intrathecal methotrexate compared with triple intrathecal therapy for the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • PURPOSE: For the majority of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), CNS prophylaxis consists of either intrathecal (IT) methotrexate or triple IT therapy (ie, methotrexate with both cytarabine and hydrocortisone).
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multisite study, 171 children with standard-risk ALL, age 1 to 9.99 years at diagnosis, previously randomly assigned to IT methotrexate (n = 82) or to triple IT therapy (n = 89) on CCG 1952, underwent neurocognitive evaluation by a licensed psychologist at a mean of 5.9 years after random assignment.
  • RESULTS: Patients who received IT methotrexate had a mean Processing Speed Index that was 3.6 points lower, about one fourth of a standard deviation, than those who received triple IT therapy (P = .04) after analysis was adjusted for age, sex, and time since diagnosis.
  • The association of treatment with measures of cognitive functioning was not modified by sex or age at diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic / administration & dosage. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / administration & dosage. Cognition / drug effects. Methotrexate / administration & dosage. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy


75. Son MH, Park ES, Seo JH, Lim JY, Park CH, Woo HO, Youn HS: Staphylococcal endocarditis presenting with a renal infarct in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Cancer Res Treat; 2008 Sep;40(3):151-4
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  • [Title] Staphylococcal endocarditis presenting with a renal infarct in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • We present here a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and who developed infective endocarditis during induction chemotherapy with prednisolone, L-asparaginase (Leunase), vincristine and adriamycin.
  • The patient did not have a history of a central venous catheter.
  • Consequently, ten days after the diagnosis of infective endocarditis, a successful mitral valvuloplasty was performed without complications.

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  • (PMID = 19688123.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-2998
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer research and treatment : official journal of Korean Cancer Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Res Treat
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2697465
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Coagulation / Precursor cell lymphoblastic leukemia-lymphoma / Staphylococcus aureus / Vegetation
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76. Whatley WS, Thompson JW, Rao B: Salivary gland tumors in survivors of childhood cancer. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg; 2006 Mar;134(3):385-8
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  • The most common second malignancies are acute leukemia, bone and soft tissue tumors, and carcinoma of the skin, breast, and thyroid.
  • Eleven patients were alive with no evidence of disease at last follow-up, and 1 patient was alive with clinical evidence of pulmonary metastasis.
  • [MeSH-major] Neoplasms, Second Primary / diagnosis. Salivary Gland Neoplasms / diagnosis. Survivors
  • [MeSH-minor] Adenoma, Pleomorphic / diagnosis. Adenoma, Pleomorphic / surgery. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic / surgery. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / diagnosis. Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid / surgery. Child. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Lung Neoplasms / secondary. Lymphatic Metastasis / diagnosis. Male. Neck Dissection. Neoplasms / drug therapy. Neoplasms / radiotherapy. Radiotherapy, Adjuvant. Registries. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors


77. Stabell N, Nordal E, Stensvold E, Gammelsrud KW, Lund B, Taxt A, Buhring F, Greve-Isdahl M, Fornebo HP, Simonsen GS, Klingenberg C: Febrile neutropenia in children with cancer: a retrospective Norwegian multicentre study of clinical and microbiological outcome. Scand J Infect Dis; 2008;40(4):301-7
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  • Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia was the most common diagnosis (49 patients).
  • [MeSH-minor] Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Bacterial Infections / drug therapy. Bacterial Infections / microbiology. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Gram-Negative Bacteria / drug effects. Gram-Positive Bacteria / drug effects. Humans. Incidence. Male. Norway / epidemiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology. Prognosis. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 17918015.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-5548
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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78. Herry A, Douet-Guilbert N, Guéganic N, Morel F, Le Bris MJ, Berthou C, De Braekeleer M: Del(5q) and MLL amplification in homogeneously staining region in acute myeloblastic leukemia: a recurrent cytogenetic association. Ann Hematol; 2006 Apr;85(4):244-9
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  • [Title] Del(5q) and MLL amplification in homogeneously staining region in acute myeloblastic leukemia: a recurrent cytogenetic association.
  • We report here a 71 year-old female presenting with acute myeloblastic leukemia (FAB-M1) after treatment of essential thrombocythemia with Vercyte.
  • Twenty-one cases, including ours, of myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myelogenous leukemia with MLL amplification present in hsr or dmin were found in the literature.
  • Most of these patients shared some characteristics: they were old, they had de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a complex karyotype and a short survival, 90% of them having also a del(5q).
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Deletion. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 / genetics. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7 / genetics. Gene Amplification. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] 6-Mercaptopurine / therapeutic use. Aged. Cytogenetic Analysis. Fatal Outcome. Female. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Karyotyping. Pipobroman / therapeutic use. Prognosis. Sensitivity and Specificity. Thrombocytosis / diagnosis. Thrombocytosis / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16425025.001).
  • [ISSN] 0939-5555
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; 6Q99RDT97R / Pipobroman; E7WED276I5 / 6-Mercaptopurine; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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79. Pinheiro RF, Serio FM, Silva MR, Briones MR, Chauffaille ML: Association of loss of heterozygosity with cytogenetic abnormalities in acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome. Braz J Med Biol Res; 2008 Jul;41(7):610-4
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  • [Title] Association of loss of heterozygosity with cytogenetic abnormalities in acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • Deletions on chromosomes 5 and 7 are frequently seen in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • We evaluated loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in 44 patients (18 MDS and 26 AML, diagnosed according to WHO classification criteria) at diagnosis, using a four-microsatellite marker panel: an intragenic marker on the 7th intron of gene IRF-1 of the 5q31.1 region and three markers located inside the 7q31.1 region and correlated the LOH with karyotype abnormalities.


80. Szpecht D, Derwich K, Wachowiak J, Konatkowska B, Dworacki G: [Lineage switch - conversion of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia to acute myeloid leukaemia in 4 years old girl]. Med Wieku Rozwoj; 2008 Oct-Dec;12(4 Pt 2):1041-4
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  • [Title] [Lineage switch - conversion of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia to acute myeloid leukaemia in 4 years old girl].
  • We report a case of a 4-year-old girl with diagnosed proB acute lymphoblastic leukaemia with co-expression CD33 antigen, treated according to Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia Intercontinental - Berlin Frankfurt Münster 2002 (ALL-IC BFM 2002) protocol for standard risk group.
  • The late isolated bone marrow relapse of acute myeloid leukaemia, type 7 was noted in our patient.
  • We recognized this case as a lineage switch acute lymphoblastic leukaemia to acute myeloid leukaemia.
  • In spite of Ida Flag regimen and following Acute Myeloid Leukaemia - Berlin Frankfurt Münster 2004 (AML-BFM 2004) protocol were administered, the clinical and haematological remission was not achieved and the patient died because of disease progression (circulatory and respiratory insufficiency).
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Asparaginase / therapeutic use. Cell Lineage. Cell Transformation, Neoplastic. Child, Preschool. Daunorubicin / therapeutic use. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Prednisone / therapeutic use. Remission Induction. Vincristine / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 19531823.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Medycyna wieku rozwojowego
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med Wieku Rozwoj
  • [Language] pol
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 5J49Q6B70F / Vincristine; EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; VB0R961HZT / Prednisone; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin; PVDA protocol
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81. Fender AB, Gust A, Wang N, Scott GA, Mercurio MG: Congenital leukemia cutis. Pediatr Dermatol; 2008 Jan-Feb;25(1):34-7
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  • [Title] Congenital leukemia cutis.
  • Immunohistochemical stains and bone marrow examination confirmed a diagnosis of acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • A split in the mixed lineage leukemia gene was identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization.
  • As leukemia cutis more typically presents as multiple infiltrative papules, nodules, or plaques, we stress the importance of including leukemia in the differential diagnosis of a solitary nodule in a neonate.
  • [MeSH-major] Infant, Premature. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / congenital. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Neoplasm Invasiveness / pathology. Skin Neoplasms / congenital. Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Biopsy, Needle. Bone Marrow / pathology. Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, X. Cytogenetics / methods. Disease Progression. Fatal Outcome. Female. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Infant, Newborn. Karyotyping. Risk Assessment

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  • (PMID = 18304150.001).
  • [ISSN] 1525-1470
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric dermatology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Dermatol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Blalock WL, Bavelloni A, Piazzi M, Faenza I, Cocco L: A role for PKR in hematologic malignancies. J Cell Physiol; 2010 Jun;223(3):572-91
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  • Although a subset of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia contain low levels of PKR expression and activity, elevated PKR activity and/or expression have been detected in a wide range of hematologic malignancies, from bone marrow failure disorders to acute leukemia.

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 20232306.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-4652
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of cellular physiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Cell. Physiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.11.1 / eIF-2 Kinase
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83. Smith MA, Seibel NL, Altekruse SF, Ries LA, Melbert DL, O'Leary M, Smith FO, Reaman GH: Outcomes for children and adolescents with cancer: challenges for the twenty-first century. J Clin Oncol; 2010 May 20;28(15):2625-34
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  • METHODS: Incidence and survival data for childhood cancers came from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results 9 (SEER 9) registries, and mortality data were based on deaths in the United States that were reported by states to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention by underlying cause.
  • RESULTS: Childhood cancer incidence rates increased significantly from 1975 through 2006, with increasing rates for acute lymphoblastic leukemia being most notable.
  • For leukemias and lymphomas, significantly decreasing mortality rates were observed throughout the 32-year period, though the rate of decline slowed somewhat after 1998.
  • Increased survival rates were observed for all categories of childhood cancers studied, with the extent and temporal pace of the increases varying by diagnosis.

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  • (PMID = 20404250.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U10 CA098543
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2881732
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84. Kalmanti L, Dampaki K, Dimitriou H, Stiakaki E, Chaniotis V, Stathopoulos E: A morphometric approach for the evaluation of angiogenesis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood. Leuk Res; 2005 Jun;29(6):673-7
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  • [Title] A morphometric approach for the evaluation of angiogenesis in acute lymphoblastic leukemia of childhood.
  • Angiogenesis was estimated in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by the use of a novel morphometric method.
  • According to our results both MVD and VC-MVDI were increased at diagnosis of ALL in comparison with the control group.
  • Therefore, VC-MVDI could be more representative of the true increase of angiogenesis, correlating better with the outcome of the disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Neovascularization, Pathologic / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis


85. Chen XW, Yue LJ, Li CG, Li CR, Zhang M, Shi HS: [Polymorphisms of thymidylate synthase gene detected by RT-PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis in children with acute leukemia]. Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi; 2009 Apr;11(4):251-4
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  • [Title] [Polymorphisms of thymidylate synthase gene detected by RT-PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis in children with acute leukemia].
  • This study investigated the allelic frequencies and distribution characters of single-nucleotide polymorphisms within the coding region (cSNPs) of TS gene in Chinese children with acute leukemia (AL) and normal control children in order to explore the possible relationship between the cSNP in human TS gene and chemotherapeutic effects of 5-fluorouracils.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / genetics. Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Thymidylate Synthase / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Child. Child, Preschool. Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel. Female. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Sequence Analysis, DNA

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  • (PMID = 19374805.001).
  • [ISSN] 1008-8830
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo dang dai er ke za zhi = Chinese journal of contemporary pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.1.1.45 / Thymidylate Synthase
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86. Hsiao HH, Sashida G, Ito Y, Kodama A, Fukutake K, Ohyashiki JH, Ohyashiki K: Additional cytogenetic changes and previous genotoxic exposure predict unfavorable prognosis in myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia with der(1;7)(q10;p10). Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2006 Mar;165(2):161-6
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  • [Title] Additional cytogenetic changes and previous genotoxic exposure predict unfavorable prognosis in myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia with der(1;7)(q10;p10).
  • We analyzed 23 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) showing a der(1;7)(q10;p10) [hereafter der(1;7)] to identify the exact predictive factor of this cytogenetic change.
  • Eight (34.8%) patients, including six with MDS and two with AML patients, had a previous history of genotoxic exposure, especially radiation and/or antimetabolites.
  • Patients with der(1;7) consisted of three groups: one third of patients had a previous history of genotoxic agents, one third had additional cytogenetic changes at the time of MDS/AML diagnosis without previous exposure history, and the remaining one third had neither a previous exposure history nor additional cytogenetic changes.
  • Identification of prognostic disadvantage might be required for applying the appropriate strategy in managing MDS/AML patients with rare der(1;7) abnormality.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosome Aberrations. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1. Chromosomes, Human, Pair 7. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Mutagens / toxicity. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis


87. Liu CY, Hsu YH, Wu MT, Pan PC, Ho CK, Su L, Xu X, Li Y, Christiani DC, Kaohsiung Leukemia Research Group: Cured meat, vegetables, and bean-curd foods in relation to childhood acute leukemia risk: a population based case-control study. BMC Cancer; 2009 Jan 13;9:15
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  • [Title] Cured meat, vegetables, and bean-curd foods in relation to childhood acute leukemia risk: a population based case-control study.
  • This study investigated whether consumed cured/smoked meat and fish, the major dietary resource for exposure to nitrites and nitrosamines, is associated with childhood acute leukemia.
  • 145 acute leukemia cases and 370 age- and sex-matched controls were recruited between 1997 and 2005.
  • RESULTS: Consumption of cured/smoked meat and fish more than once a week was associated with an increased risk of acute leukemia (OR = 1.74; 95% CI: 1.15-2.64).
  • No statistically significant association was observed between leukemia risk and the consumption of pickled vegetables, fruits, and tea.
  • CONCLUSION: Dietary exposure to cured/smoked meat and fish may be associated with leukemia risk through their contents of nitrites and nitrosamines among children and adolescents, and intake of vegetables and soy-bean curd may be protective.

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  • (PMID = 19144145.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2407
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Cancer
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES00002; United States / NIEHS NIH HHS / ES / ES09723
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2653540
  • [Investigator] Chang TT; Lin SF; Chiou SS; Jang RC; Hsiao HH; Liu TC; Lin PC; Hsiao CC; Sheen JM; Kuo CY; Wang MC; Huang CH; Huang CB; Wong YC; Wu HB; Lin SJ; Sun YM; Hsieh KS; Chang YH
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88. Patterson TF, Mackool BT, Gilman MD, Piris A: Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 22-2009. A 59-year-old man with skin and pulmonary lesions after chemotherapy for leukemia [corrected]. N Engl J Med; 2009 Jul 16;361(3):287-96
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  • [Title] Case records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Case 22-2009. A 59-year-old man with skin and pulmonary lesions after chemotherapy for leukemia [corrected].
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Dermatomycoses / pathology. Fusarium / isolation & purification. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Lung Diseases, Fungal / pathology. Opportunistic Infections / pathology. Skin / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Antifungal Agents / adverse effects. Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Biopsy. Bone Marrow Examination. Bone Marrow Transplantation. Diagnosis, Differential. Drug Antagonism. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Immunocompromised Host. Lung / pathology. Lung / radiography. Male. Middle Aged. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / drug therapy

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  • [ErratumIn] N Engl J Med. 2009 Oct 1;361(14):1416
  • (PMID = 19605834.001).
  • [ISSN] 1533-4406
  • [Journal-full-title] The New England journal of medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] N. Engl. J. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Clinical Conference; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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89. Mrózek K, Bloomfield CD: Clinical significance of the most common chromosome translocations in adult acute myeloid leukemia. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr; 2008;(39):52-7
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  • [Title] Clinical significance of the most common chromosome translocations in adult acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Acquired genetic alterations such as balanced and unbalanced chromosome aberrations and submicroscopic gene mutations and changes in gene expression strongly affect pretreatment features and prognosis of adults with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • The most frequent chromosome/molecular rearrangements, that is, t(8;21)(q22;q22)/RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and inv(16)(p13q22)/t(16;16)(p13;q22)/CBFB-MYH11 characteristic of core-binding factor (CBF) AML and t(15;17)(q22;q12-21)/PML-RARA characteristic of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), confer favorable clinical outcome when patients receive optimal treatment, that is, regimens that include high-dose cytarabine for CBF AML and all-trans-retinoic acid and/or arsenic trioxide for APL.
  • These data underscore the value of genetic testing for common translocations for diagnosis, prognostication, and, increasingly, selecting therapy in acute leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 18648004.001).
  • [ISSN] 1052-6773
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Natl. Cancer Inst. Monographs
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA101140; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA16058
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factors
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90. Chaudhary P, Shah C: Update on MDS therapy: from famine to feast. Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem; 2010 Oct 1;8(4):187-98
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  • Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are acquired hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis, cellular dysfunction and increased risks of transformation into acute myeloid leukemia.
  • The natural history of the disease remains variable and depend upon multiple prognostic factors at the time of initial diagnosis.
  • There are several FDA approved therapies available for this disorder that makes this review particularly timely and relevant.

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  • (PMID = 20712577.001).
  • [ISSN] 1875-6182
  • [Journal-full-title] Cardiovascular & hematological agents in medicinal chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cardiovasc Hematol Agents Med Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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91. Wang XD, Chen J: [Aml1 gene abnormality in pediatric acute leukemia-review]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Aug;17(4):1078-82
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  • [Title] [Aml1 gene abnormality in pediatric acute leukemia-review].
  • Acute leukemia, the most common cancer in childhood, affects children's health severely, whereas the pathogeny and mechanism have not been elucidated clearly yet.
  • As many studies showed, it has been found that transformation of cytogenetics plays a crucial role in leukemia development, and is frequently involved in the transforming action of aml1 gene, one of which is essential for regulation of normal hematogenesis.
  • Moreover, in children acute leukemia, more than one third children with acute leukemia can be detected with dysfunction of the aml1 gene.
  • Our findings highlight the translocation of aml1 gene in children acute leukemia, indicating its mechanism, especailly provide a new target for clinical diagnosis and therapy.
  • In this review, the structure and function of aml1 gene, the abnormality of aml1 gene in acute lymphocytic leukemia, abnormality of aml1 gene in acute myeloid leukemia and so on were summarized.

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  • (PMID = 19698265.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human
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92. Patnaik MM, Tefferi A, Pardanani A: Kit: molecule of interest for the diagnosis and treatment of mastocytosis and other neoplastic disorders. Curr Cancer Drug Targets; 2007 Aug;7(5):492-503
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  • [Title] Kit: molecule of interest for the diagnosis and treatment of mastocytosis and other neoplastic disorders.
  • Kit a type III receptor tyrosine kinase, along with its ligand the stem cell factor, play a critical role in normal cell growth, differentiation, development and survival.
  • Ligand independent activation of kit (dysregulated kit function) has been found to be an important component of oncogenesis in a large number of neoplastic disorders such as systemic mastocytosis, gastro intestinal stromal tumors, germ cell tumors, acute myelogenous leukemia with the disruption of the core binding factor, amongst others.
  • Non-tyrosine kinase inhibitors like rapamycin, 17-AAG and IMD- 0354 have been added to the therapeutic armamentarium, with the hope that combination therapy might have a synergistic effect, or prevent/delay the development of drug resistance.
  • [MeSH-major] Mastocytosis / diagnosis. Mastocytosis / metabolism. Neoplasms / diagnosis. Neoplasms / metabolism. Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / diagnosis. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / drug therapy. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / enzymology. Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / metabolism. Humans

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  • (PMID = 17691909.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5576
  • [Journal-full-title] Current cancer drug targets
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Cancer Drug Targets
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit
  • [Number-of-references] 175
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93. Golembe TJ, Yong J, Battle DJ, Feng W, Wan L, Dreyfuss G: Lymphotropic Herpesvirus saimiri uses the SMN complex to assemble Sm cores on its small RNAs. Mol Cell Biol; 2005 Jan;25(2):602-11
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  • The lymphotropic Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) causes acute leukemia, T-cell lymphoma, and death in New World monkeys.

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  • (PMID = 15632062.001).
  • [ISSN] 0270-7306
  • [Journal-full-title] Molecular and cellular biology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Mol. Cell. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein; 0 / GEMIN2 protein, human; 0 / Multiprotein Complexes; 0 / Nerve Tissue Proteins; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / RNA, Small Nuclear; 0 / RNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 0 / Ribonucleoproteins, Small Nuclear; 0 / SMN Complex Proteins
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC543424
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94. Paczesny S, Levine JE, Braun TM, Ferrara JL: Plasma biomarkers in graft-versus-host disease: a new era? Biol Blood Marrow Transplant; 2009 Jan;15(1 Suppl):33-8
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  • [Title] Plasma biomarkers in graft-versus-host disease: a new era?
  • Acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) remains a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT).
  • The diagnosis of acute GVHD is based on strictly clinical criteria and its severity also determined by these criteria.
  • Currently, there is no validated diagnostic blood test for acute GVHD.
  • If successful, these studies could establish a novel biomarker panel that will contribute important information including long term survival, and that may eventually facilitate therapeutic decisions for allogeneic HCT patients.

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  • (PMID = 19147075.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-6536
  • [Journal-full-title] Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA039542-20; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA039542; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA039542-20
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
  • [Number-of-references] 32
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS89618; NLM/ PMC2644447
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95. Sirulnik LA, Stone RM: Acute promyelocytic leukemia: current strategies for the treatment of newly diagnosed disease. Clin Adv Hematol Oncol; 2005 May;3(5):391-7, 429
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  • [Title] Acute promyelocytic leukemia: current strategies for the treatment of newly diagnosed disease.
  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a distinct subtype of acute myeloid leukemia that comprises about 10% of cases.
  • Current treatment strategies with ATRA and anthracycline-based chemotherapy has dramatically transformed APL into the most curable of all acute leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 16167012.001).
  • [ISSN] 1543-0790
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical advances in hematology & oncology : H&O
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Adv Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 69
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96. Lazarus HM, Richards SM, Chopra R, Litzow MR, Burnett AK, Wiernik PH, Franklin IM, Tallman MS, Cook L, Buck G, Durrant IJ, Rowe JM, Goldstone AH, Medical Research Council (MRC)/National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Adult Leukaemia Working Party of the United Kingdom and the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group: Central nervous system involvement in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia at diagnosis: results from the international ALL trial MRC UKALL XII/ECOG E2993. Blood; 2006 Jul 15;108(2):465-72
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  • [Title] Central nervous system involvement in adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia at diagnosis: results from the international ALL trial MRC UKALL XII/ECOG E2993.
  • Outcome of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adults with central nervous system (CNS) disease at diagnosis is unclear.
  • We treated 1508 de novo ALL patients with 2-phase induction and then high-dose methotrexate with l-asparaginase.
  • Patients up to 50 years old in first remission (CR1) with a matched related donor (MRD) underwent an allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT); the remainder in CR1 were randomized to an autologous SCT or intensive consolidation followed by maintenance chemotherapy.
  • Seventy-seven of 1508 (5%) patients a median age of 29 years had CNS leukemia at presentation; 13 of the 77 (17%) had Ph-positive ALL.
  • Seven of 27 treated with consolidation/maintenance remain in CR1 56 to 137 months after diagnosis.
  • Overall survival at 5 years was 29% in those with CNS involvement at diagnosis versus 38% (P = .03) for those without.
  • CNS leukemia in adult ALL is uncommon at diagnosis.
  • Adult Ph-negative ALL patients, however, can attain long-term disease-free survival using SCT as well as conventional chemotherapy.

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  • (PMID = 16556888.001).
  • [ISSN] 0006-4971
  • [Journal-full-title] Blood
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Blood
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA14548; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA21115; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA23318; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA66636
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 3.5.1.1 / Asparaginase; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1895498
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97. Bow EJ: Neutropenic fever syndromes in patients undergoing cytotoxic therapy for acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes. Semin Hematol; 2009 Jul;46(3):259-68
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  • [Title] Neutropenic fever syndromes in patients undergoing cytotoxic therapy for acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes.
  • Recrudescent neutropenic fevers, defined by the appearance of a new fever after defervescence of the first fever, are often a function of invasive fungal infection or gram-positive infections outside the spectrum of the initial empirical antibacterial regimen.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Fever / etiology. Leukemia / drug therapy. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / drug therapy. Neutropenia / etiology


98. Bacigalupo A, Lamparelli T, Gualandi F, Occhini D, Bregante S, Raiola AM, Ibatici A, di Grazia C, Dominietto A, Piaggio G, Podesta M, Bruno B, Lombardi A, Frassoni F, Viscoli C, Sacchi N, Van Lint MT: Allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplants for patients with relapsed acute leukemia: long-term outcome. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2007 Mar;39(6):341-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplants for patients with relapsed acute leukemia: long-term outcome.
  • We assessed the long-term outcome of patients with relapsed acute myeloid (n=86) or acute lymphoid leukemia (n=66), undergoing an allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation in our unit.
  • The median blast count in the marrow was 30%.
  • The donor was a matched donor (n=132) or a family mismatched donor (n=20).
  • Twenty-two patients (15%) survive disease free, with a median follow-up of 14 years: 18 are off medications.
  • In multivariate analysis of survival, favorable predictors were chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) (P=0.0003), donor other than family mismatched (P=0.02), donor age less than 34 years (P=0.02) and blast count less than 30% (P=0.07).
  • This study confirms that a fraction of relapsed leukemias is cured with an allogeneic transplant: selection of patients with a blast count <30%, identification of young, human leukocyte antigen-matched donors and the use of total body radiation may significantly improve the outcome.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia, Myeloid / therapy. Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Bone Marrow Examination. Child. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Graft Survival. Graft vs Host Disease. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Patient Selection. Prognosis. Survivors. Transplantation, Homologous

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  • (PMID = 17277788.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
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99. Dimou J, Jithoo R, Tsui A, Morokoff AP: Spinal cord compression as the initial presentation of acute biphenotypic leukaemia. J Clin Neurosci; 2009 Dec;16(12):1696-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Spinal cord compression as the initial presentation of acute biphenotypic leukaemia.
  • Acute biphenotypic leukaemia (BAL) is an uncommon haematological malignancy with features of myeloid and lymphoid origin and poor overall prognosis.
  • Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of acute biphenotypic (B/myeloid) leukaemia.
  • He succumbed to the disease three months post-diagnosis after failing induction chemotherapy.
  • While central nervous system involvement with acute leukaemia is well recognised, this is the first reported patient with spinal cord compression secondary to this leukaemia subtype.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / etiology. Spinal Cord Compression / complications

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  • (PMID = 19815414.001).
  • [ISSN] 1532-2653
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical neuroscience : official journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Clin Neurosci
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Scotland
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD79; EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase
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100. Noguera NI, Ammatuna E, Zangrilli D, Lavorgna S, Divona M, Buccisano F, Amadori S, Mecucci C, Falini B, Lo-Coco F: Simultaneous detection of NPM1 and FLT3-ITD mutations by capillary electrophoresis in acute myeloid leukemia. Leukemia; 2005 Aug;19(8):1479-82
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Simultaneous detection of NPM1 and FLT3-ITD mutations by capillary electrophoresis in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Mutations in the Nucleophosmin (NPM1) gene have been recently described to occur in about one-third of acute myeloid leukemias (AML) and represent the most frequent genetic alteration currently known in this subset.
  • Hence, in addition to conventional karyotyping and RT-PCR of fusion genes, combined analysis of both Flt3 and NPM1 mutations will be increasingly relevant in the genetic diagnosis work-up of AML.
  • The assay was validated in leukemic cell RNAs extracted from 38 AML patients, which had been previously characterized for Flt3 status by conventional RT-PCR.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Mutation. Nuclear Proteins / genetics. Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics. Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics. Tandem Repeat Sequences
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Electrophoresis, Capillary. Humans. Methods. RNA, Neoplasm. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Sequence Analysis, RNA. fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Leukemia, Myeloid.
  • NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .
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  • [Copyright] Leukemia (2005) 19, 1479-1482.
  • [ErratumIn] Leukemia. 2007 May;21(5):1134
  • (PMID = 15973451.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Validation Studies
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins; 0 / RNA, Neoplasm; 117896-08-9 / nucleophosmin; EC 2.7.10.1 / FLT3 protein, human; EC 2.7.10.1 / Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.1 / fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
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