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1. Leung W: Immunotherapy in acute leukemia. Semin Hematol; 2009 Jan;46(1):89-99
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Immunotherapy in acute leukemia.
  • This article reviews the latest concepts in antitumor immunology and its application in the treatment of cancer, with particular focus on acute leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 19100371.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin. Hematol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765; None / None / / P30 CA021765-31; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA021765-31; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30CA21765-24
  • [Publication-type] Historical Article; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 205
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS179013; NLM/ PMC2839547
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2. Emerenciano M, Koifman S, Pombo-de-Oliveira MS: Acute leukemia in early childhood. Braz J Med Biol Res; 2007 Jun;40(6):749-60
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  • [Title] Acute leukemia in early childhood.
  • Acute leukemia in early childhood is biologically and clinically distinct.
  • The particular characteristics of this malignancy diagnosed during the first months of life have provided remarkable insights into the etiology of the disease.
  • The pro-B, CD10 negative immunophenotype is typically found in infant acute leukemia, and the most common genetic alterations are the rearrangements of the MLL gene.
  • The Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Infant Acute Leukemia has found that mothers exposed to dipyrone, pesticides and hormones had an increased chance to give birth to babies with infant acute leukemia [OR = 1.48 (95%CI = 1.05-2.07), OR = 2.27 (95%CI = 1.56-3.31) and OR = 9.08 (95%CI = 2.95-27.96)], respectively.
  • This review aims to summarize recent clues that have facilitated the elucidation of the biology of early childhood leukemias, with emphasis on infant acute leukemia in the Brazilian population.

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  • (PMID = 17581672.001).
  • [ISSN] 0100-879X
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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3. Gujral S, Polampalli S, Badrinath Y, Kumar A, Subramanian PG, Raje G, Amare P, Arora B, Banavali SD, Nair CN: Clinico-hematological profile in biphenotypic acute leukemia. Indian J Cancer; 2009 Apr-Jun;46(2):160-8
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  • [Title] Clinico-hematological profile in biphenotypic acute leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: We present a clinico-hematological profile and treatment outcome of Biphenotypic Acute Leukemia (BAL).
  • AIM: Study incidence and subtypes of BAL, correlate with age, morphology, and cytogenetic findings and correlate the clinico-hematological data with the treatment response.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Diagnosis was based on WHO classification, including clinical details, morphology, cytochemistry, immunophenotyping, and molecular genetics.
  • We included those cases, which fulfilled the European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Acute Leukemia's (EGIL's) scoring system criteria for the diagnosis of BAL, as per recommendation of the WHO classification.
  • BCR ABL fusion positivity was a common cytogenetic abnormality (seven cases).
  • A comprehensive panel of reagents is required, including cytoplasmic markers; to diagnose BAL.
  • BCR-ABL expression is an important prognostic factor, as these cases will be labeled as Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blast crisis with biphenotypic expression and treated accordingly.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / blood. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease Progression. Female. Hematologic Tests. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Phenotype. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Acute Biphenotypic Leukemia.
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  • (PMID = 19346652.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-509X
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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4. Saxena R, Anand H: Flow cytometry in acute leukemia. Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus; 2008 Dec;24(4):146-50
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Flow cytometry in acute leukemia.
  • Immunophenotyping of acute leukemia is one of the most important clinical application of Flow cytometery.
  • The aim of this work is to review recent advances in flow cytometery methods, quality control, troubleshooting and its prevention and data analysis of acute leukemia.
  • Multiparameter flow cytometery is a useful adjunct to morphology and cytochemistry and it is an invaluable tool in the diagnosis of acute leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 23100953.001).
  • [ISSN] 0971-4502
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of hematology & blood transfusion : an official journal of Indian Society of Hematology and Blood Transfusion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3475429
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acute leukemia / Flow cytometery / Immunophenotyping / Leukemia
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5. Shinkoda Y, Nagatoshi Y, Fukano R, Nishiyama K, Okamura J: Rhabdomyosarcoma masquerading as acute leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2009 Feb;52(2):286-7
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Rhabdomyosarcoma masquerading as acute leukemia.
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) masquerading as acute leukemia (AL) is very rare.
  • Bone marrow (BM) showed approximately 95% of blast-like abnormal cells, lacking almost all of the surface antigens of myeloid- and lymphoid-lineage.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / diagnosis. Rhabdomyosarcoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Bone Marrow Cells / pathology. Bone Marrow Examination. Child. Diagnosis, Differential. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Immunohistochemistry. Male

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  • [Copyright] (c) 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 18837429.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5017
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Suriya OM, Aleem A: Frank hematuria as the presentation feature of acute leukemia. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl; 2010 Sep;21(5):940-2
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  • [Title] Frank hematuria as the presentation feature of acute leukemia.
  • Muco-cutaneous bleeding is a common presenting feature of acute leukemias.
  • Hematuria as an isolated or main presenting feature of acute leukemia is rare.
  • We describe two cases of acute leukemia, a 19 year old male with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and a 52 year old male with acute myeloid leukemia, both presenting with gross hematuria.
  • Our cases highlight that hematuria should be remembered as a rare presenting feature of acute leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematuria / etiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Blood Cell Count. Bone Marrow Examination. Fatal Outcome. Humans. Leukocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged. Thrombocytopenia / etiology. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

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  • [CommentIn] Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2012 Sep;23(5):1088-9 [22982933.001]
  • (PMID = 20814137.001).
  • [ISSN] 1319-2442
  • [Journal-full-title] Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Saudi Arabia
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7. Mahjoubi F, Golalipour M, Ghavamzadeh A, Alimoghaddam K: Expression of MRP1 gene in acute leukemia. Sao Paulo Med J; 2008 May 1;126(3):172-9
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  • [Title] Expression of MRP1 gene in acute leukemia.
  • CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Overexpression of the multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) gene has been linked with resistance to chemotherapy in vitro, but little is known about its clinical impact on acute leukemia patients.
  • Our aim was to investigate the possible association between MRP1 gene expression level and clinical outcomes among Iranian leukemia patients.
  • DESIGN AND SETTING: This was an analytical cross-sectional study on patients referred to the Hematology, Oncology and Stem Cell Research Center, Sharyatee Public Hospital, whose diagnosis was acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) or acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • METHODS: To correlate with prognostic markers and the clinical outcome of acute leukemia, MRP1 gene expression was assessed in 35 AML cases and 17 ALL cases, using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and comparing this to the chemotherapy response type.
  • [MeSH-major] Drug Resistance, Neoplasm / genetics. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18711657.001).
  • [ISSN] 1516-3180
  • [Journal-full-title] São Paulo medical journal = Revista paulista de medicina
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sao Paulo Med J
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Multidrug Resistance-Associated Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / multidrug resistance-associated protein 1
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8. Seiter K, Katragadda S, Ponce D, Rasul M, Ahmed N: Temozolomide and cisplatin in relapsed/refractory acute leukemia. J Hematol Oncol; 2009;2:21
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  • [Title] Temozolomide and cisplatin in relapsed/refractory acute leukemia.
  • Cisplatin depletes MGMT and increases the sensitivity of leukemia cells to temozolomide.
  • We performed a phase I study of cisplatin and temozolomide in patients with relapsed and refractory acute leukemia.
  • Fifteen patients had AML, 3 had ALL, and 2 had biphenotypic leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Cisplatin / administration & dosage. Dacarbazine / analogs & derivatives. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19463179.001).
  • [ISSN] 1756-8722
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of hematology & oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 7GR28W0FJI / Dacarbazine; 85622-93-1 / temozolomide; Q20Q21Q62J / Cisplatin
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2694825
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9. Cheok MH, Lugthart S, Evans WE: Pharmacogenomics of acute leukemia. Annu Rev Pharmacol Toxicol; 2006;46:317-53
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  • [Title] Pharmacogenomics of acute leukemia.
  • Over the past four decades, treatment of acute leukemia in children has made remarkable progress, from this disease being lethal to now achieving cure rates of 80% for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and 45% for acute myeloid leukemia.
  • However, the annual number of patients with leukemia who experience relapse after initial therapy remains greater than that of new cases of most childhood cancers.
  • In this review, we summarize recent pharmacogenomic studies related to the treatment of pediatric acute leukemia.
  • These strategies illustrate the promise of pharmacogenomics to further advance the treatment of human cancers, with childhood leukemia serving as a paradigm.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia / drug therapy. Leukemia / genetics. Pharmacogenetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Animals. Gene Expression Profiling. Humans

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  • (PMID = 16402908.001).
  • [ISSN] 0362-1642
  • [Journal-full-title] Annual review of pharmacology and toxicology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Annu. Rev. Pharmacol. Toxicol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 207
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10. Lo-Coco F, Fouad TM, Ramadan SM: Acute leukemia in women. Womens Health (Lond); 2010 Mar;6(2):239-49
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  • [Title] Acute leukemia in women.
  • The treatment and survival outcome of acute leukemia in women is generally similar to that of men.
  • However, acute leukemia in women poses additional challenges in clinical practice.
  • In addition to important precautions during therapy, such as prevention of abnormal uterine bleeding in premenopausal women and therapy during pregnancy, women who are survivors of acute leukemia face unique and potentially long-term health-related problems.
  • In this review, we address the aforementioned issues, as well as the various health and psychosocial challenges faced by women who survive childhood leukemia during their path to adulthood.
  • Finally, we address the issue of therapy-related acute leukemia in the category of women who are survivors of breast and ovarian cancer.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy. Quality of Life. Survivors / statistics & numerical data. Women's Health
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Health Status. Hemorrhagic Disorders / etiology. Hemorrhagic Disorders / prevention & control. Humans. Middle Aged. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / etiology. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / prevention & control. Recurrence. Risk Factors. Women's Health Services / organization & administration. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 20187729.001).
  • [ISSN] 1745-5065
  • [Journal-full-title] Women's health (London, England)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Womens Health (Lond)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 130
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11. Bay A, Oner AF, Dogan M, Acikgoz M, Dilek I: Brucellosis concomitant with acute leukemia. Indian J Pediatr; 2007 Aug;74(8):790-2
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  • [Title] Brucellosis concomitant with acute leukemia.
  • We present two patients with brucellosis concomitant with acute leukemia.
  • Co-existence of acute leukemia with brucellosis which may have similar symptoms, have not been reported earlier.
  • [MeSH-major] Brucellosis / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Fever. Humans. Male. Pancytopenia / etiology

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  • (PMID = 17785909.001).
  • [ISSN] 0973-7693
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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12. Camós M, Colomer D: Molecular biology in acute leukemia. Clin Transl Oncol; 2006 Aug;8(8):550-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Molecular biology in acute leukemia.
  • Acute leukemia is a clonal expansion of tumoral cells in bone marrow, blood or other tissues.
  • The acute leukemias are classified as myeloid or lymphoid based on the lineage of the blast cells.
  • Over the past three decades, remarkable advances have been made in the classification and treatment of acute leukemias.
  • In the last years, the research into the molecular pathogenesis of acute leukemia has progressed.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Chromosome Aberrations. Gene Rearrangement. Humans. Mutation. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion. Signal Transduction

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  • (PMID = 16952843.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-048X
  • [Journal-full-title] Clinical & translational oncology : official publication of the Federation of Spanish Oncology Societies and of the National Cancer Institute of Mexico
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Clin Transl Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Spain
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
  • [Number-of-references] 72
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13. Kwaan HC, Huyck T: Thromboembolic and bleeding complications in acute leukemia. Expert Rev Hematol; 2010 Dec;3(6):719-30
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  • [Title] Thromboembolic and bleeding complications in acute leukemia.
  • The risk of both thromboembolic and bleeding complications is high in acute leukemia.
  • This double hazard has a significant negative impact on the morbidity and mortality of patients with this disease.
  • The clinical manifestations of both complications show special features specific to the form of acute leukemia.
  • Recognition of these characteristics is important in the diagnosis and management of acute leukemia.
  • In this article, several additional issues are addressed, including the features of bleeding and thrombosis in acute promyelocytic leukemia, the current understanding of the leukostasis syndrome and the iatrogenic complications including catheter-associated thrombosis, and the adverse effects of therapeutic agents used in acute leukemia.
  • Corrective measures, including recent guidelines on platelet transfusions, are provided.
  • [MeSH-major] Hemorrhage / etiology. Leukemia / complications. Thromboembolism / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Blood Vessels / pathology. Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions. Humans. Thrombophilia. Thrombosis / complications. Thrombosis / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 21091148.001).
  • [ISSN] 1747-4094
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
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14. Hafeez M, Shaharyar A, Zia N, Rasheed H: A phase II feasibility study of cytarabine and idarubicin combination in relapsed or refractory adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18002
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  • [Title] A phase II feasibility study of cytarabine and idarubicin combination in relapsed or refractory adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Salvage regimens in these patients and in patients with primary refractory disease are generally based on cytarabine in combination with other agents.
  • Exact merit of each combination remains undefined as these continue to be tested in non randomized trials.

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  • (PMID = 27964000.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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15. Heffner LT Jr, Damon LE, Larson ML, Schiller G, Stock W, Kantarjian HM, Lu B, Imperiale SM, O'Brien S: A phase II study of the tolerability and activity of weekly vincristine sulfate liposomes injection (VSLI) in adults with Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in second relapse or progressing following two antileukemia treatment lines. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7046
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase II study of the tolerability and activity of weekly vincristine sulfate liposomes injection (VSLI) in adults with Philadelphia chromosome-negative (Ph-) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in second relapse or progressing following two antileukemia treatment lines.
  • This population typically has a very low response rate to anti-leukemia therapies.

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  • (PMID = 27961424.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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16. Zuo Z, Jones DM, Thomas DA, O'Brien S, Ravandi F, Kantarjian HM, Medeiros LJ, Luthra R, Chen SS: A nine-gene predictor of therapy response in adult Philadelphia-chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7014
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  • [Title] A nine-gene predictor of therapy response in adult Philadelphia-chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ ALL).
  • Median disease-free survival among the optimal and relapse groups were 12 and 5 months respectively (p = 0.002).
  • There was no statistical difference in age, initial peripheral blood white cell and BM blast counts, and initial normalized BCR/ABL1 levels between groups.

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  • (PMID = 27961387.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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17. Ghavamzadeh A, Hashemi S, Alimoghaddam K, Nasri Moghaddam Z, Shadpour M, Jalili M: Phase II trial of old age acute myeloid leukemia treatment by arsenic trioxide and low-dose subcutaneous cytosin arabinoside. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7075
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase II trial of old age acute myeloid leukemia treatment by arsenic trioxide and low-dose subcutaneous cytosin arabinoside.
  • : 7075 Background: AML is a disease of old age, but unfortunately due to several factors standard treatment can not be delivered to these patients.
  • Complete remission observed in 6 and partial remission in one patient (RR = 63.6%), but remission was short live, after 6 months one patient was in CR and one in PR.
  • After 12 months, only one patient was in PR.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Although prognosis of old age AML remain poor, but with this type of treatment RR is acceptable.

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  • (PMID = 27961458.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Laille E, Ward R, Nasser A, Stoltz M, Cogle C, Gore S, Skikne BS, Garcia-Manero G: The pharmacokinetics of azacitidine following subcutaneous treatment in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7087
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  • [Title] The pharmacokinetics of azacitidine following subcutaneous treatment in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML).
  • : 7087 Background: 5-azacitidine (AZA), through its effects on DNA metabolism, gene expression, and cell differentiation, has proven beneficial in treatment of MDS and AML and AZA therapy significantly increases survival in higher-risk MDS and AML compared to conventional care.

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  • (PMID = 27961481.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Marcucci G, Maharry K, Whitman SP, Paschka P, Baldus CD, Langer C, Mrózek K, Kolitz JE, Larson RA, Bloomfield CD, Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB): Improving the molecular risk classification for younger (<60 years) de novo cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN AML) patients (pts). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7002
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  • [Title] Improving the molecular risk classification for younger (<60 years) de novo cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN AML) patients (pts).
  • : 7002 Background: CN AML pts are currently stratified into Low-risk [FLT3-ITD negative (neg)/NPM1 mutated (mut)] and High-risk [FLT3-ITD positive (pos) or NPM1 wild type (wt)] groups (FLT3-ITD/NPM1-only classification).
  • METHODS: FLT3, NPM1, CEBPA and WT1 mutations and ERG and BAALC expression were tested at diagnosis in 143 CN AML adults enrolled on CALGB treatment protocols 9621 and 19808.
  • RESULTS: CALGB Group I (n=56) v Group II (n=87) had more complete remissions (CRs) (P=.005; 96% v 79%), and longer disease-free (DFS; P<.0001; 5 year (y) 69% v 21%) and overall (OS; P<.0001; 5 y 70% v 31%) survival [median follow-up for pts alive 6 y].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Prognostic classification of younger de novo CN AML pts is improved by adding CEBPA and WT1 mutation and ERG expression testing.

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  • (PMID = 27961374.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Ravandi Kashani F, Cortes J, Faderl S, Jones D, Byrd A, Brandt M, Garcia-Manero G, Levis M, Andreeff M, Kantarjian H: Phase I/II study of idarubicin (Ida), high-dose ara-C, and sorafenib (S) in patients (pts) younger than 65 years with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7018
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase I/II study of idarubicin (Ida), high-dose ara-C, and sorafenib (S) in patients (pts) younger than 65 years with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • It selectively induces apoptosis in FLT3-mutant human AML cell lines at nM concentrations.
  • METHODS: Objectives of this study are to determine the tolerability and efficacy of combination of S with chemotherapy.
  • In the phase I part, pts with relapsed AML were treated with escalating doses of S (400 mg qod, 400 mg daily, 400 mg bid) for 7 days during induction, and 400 mg bid was established as safe.
  • Plasma inhibitory assay was performed using day 7 samples from 10 pts; mutant FLT3 was suppressed by all with 5-fold more potent suppression against mutant versus wild-type FLT3.
  • Correlative studies confirm potent activity of S against FLT3 signaling.

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  • (PMID = 27961390.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Tong W, Stevenson W, Cortes J, Needham L, Brotherton D, Davidson A, Drummond A, Garcia-Manero G: In vitro and in vivo anti-leukemia activity of CHR-2845, a cell-targeted HDAC inhibitor for use in monocytic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e14579
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] In vitro and in vivo anti-leukemia activity of CHR-2845, a cell-targeted HDAC inhibitor for use in monocytic leukemia.
  • : e14579 Background: Histone deacetylase inhibitors alter gene expression and induce apoptosis in a wide range of cancer cells including those derived from human leukemias.
  • METHODS: We studied the in vitro and in vivo anti-leukemia activity of CHR-2845 using cell proliferation assay, annexin V binding assay, cell cycle analysis, western blot and in vitro primary leukemia cell culture.
  • RESULTS: Both U937 and THP1 cells express high levels of hCE-1 whereas the myeloid cell line, HL60, does not.
  • In comparison to vorinostat, CHR-2845 showed increased anti-proliferative potency (IC<sub>50</sub>) against monocytic cell lines (THP1, 30 nM vs 700 nM and U937, 30 nM vs 475 nM), compared to a myeloid cell line (HL60, 700nM vs 470 nM).
  • In a broad panel of leukemic cell lines, the potency of CHR-2845 over vorinostat correlated completely with hCE-1 expression.
  • In monocytic cell lines, CHR-2845 induced more apoptosis than vorinostat (THP1: 45±5% vs 11±1% and U937: 23±14% vs 6±1%), as measured by flow cytometry using Annexin V.
  • Biochemical assessment of histone H3 and H4 protein acetylation by Western blot also indicateed that CHR-2845 is at least 10 times more potent than vorinostat in monocytic cell lines but not in HL-60 cells.
  • We also studied the anti-leukemia activity of CHR-2845 in primary leukemia cells from 8 patients with acute or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia.
  • CONCLUSIONS: These results indicated that CHR-2845 has potential to be efficacious in the treatment of patients with monocytic leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 27963654.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Vey N, Bourhis J, Dombret H, Bordessoule D, Prebet T, Charbonnier A, Squiban P, Damholt B, Blaise D, Olive D: A phase I study of the anti-natural killer inhibitory receptor (KIR) monoclonal antibody (1-7F9, IPH2101) in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3015
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase I study of the anti-natural killer inhibitory receptor (KIR) monoclonal antibody (1-7F9, IPH2101) in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • METHODS: Patients aged 60-80 years with non promyelocytic AML in first CR following induction and 1-6 cycles of consolidation chemotherapy, normal renal, and hepatic functions, KIR-expression on patient NK-cells and who signed informed consent were eligible.Dose escalation (0.0003, 0.003, 0.015, 0.075, 0.3, 1, 3 mg/kg) was studied using a 3+3 scheme.
  • As expected for an IgG4, NK cell numbers were unaffected by the treatment.

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  • (PMID = 27962059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Maris MB, Ravandi F, Stuart R, Stone R, Cripe L, Cooper M, Strickland S, Turturro F, Stock W, Berman C: A phase II study of voreloxin as single agent therapy for elderly patients (pts) with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7048
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A phase II study of voreloxin as single agent therapy for elderly patients (pts) with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • B) 72 mg/m<sup>2</sup>qw X 2; or C) 72 mg/m<sup>2</sup>/dose on D1 and D4.
  • Eligibility: newly diagnosed AML (de novo or secondary AML), pts age ≥ 60 and ≥ 1 additional adverse risk factor (age ≥ 70, secondary AML, intermediate or unfavorable cytogenetics, or PS 2).

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  • (PMID = 27961427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Stuart RK, Stockerl-Goldstein K, Cooper M, Devetten M, Herzig R, Medeiros B, Schiller G, Wei A, Acton G, Rizzieri D: Randomized phase II trial of the nucleolin targeting aptamer AS1411 combined with high-dose cytarabine in relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7019
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Randomized phase II trial of the nucleolin targeting aptamer AS1411 combined with high-dose cytarabine in relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • AS1411 has synergistic effects in combination with cytarabine on AML cell lines in vitro and in vivo.

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  • (PMID = 27961391.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Borthakur G, Faderl S, Ravandi F, Padmanabhan S, Stock W, Wu K, Li J, Curt G, Tallman M, Minden M: Clinical, pharmacokinetic (PK), and pharmacodynamic findings from a phase I trial of an Eg5 inhibitor (AZD4877) in patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3580
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical, pharmacokinetic (PK), and pharmacodynamic findings from a phase I trial of an Eg5 inhibitor (AZD4877) in patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Eg5 inhibition is thus specific for dividing cells, resulting in monoastral mitotic spindles (monoasters) and apoptotic cell death.
  • Preclinically, hematologic tumor cell lines were generally more sensitive to AZD4877 than those derived from solid tumors.
  • The T<sub>1/2</sub> of AZD4877 ranged from 26 to 42 hr; PK were linear and drug levels non-cumulative.

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  • (PMID = 27961757.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Raza A, Galili N, Borthakur G, Carter TH, Claxton DF, Erba HP, DeAngelo DJ, Berger MS, Schimmer A: A safety and schedule seeking trial of Bcl-2 inhibitor obatoclax in previously untreated older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3579
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A safety and schedule seeking trial of Bcl-2 inhibitor obatoclax in previously untreated older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

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  • (PMID = 27961704.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Tsujimura H, Mimura N, Ise M, Sakai C, Shimada H, Nagata M, Kumagai K: Incidence of therapy-related leukemia following chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e15663
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Incidence of therapy-related leukemia following chemoradiotherapy for esophageal cancer.
  • METHODS: From July 2000 to March 2008, 348 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma underwent CRT.
  • RESULTS: Four patients, who achieved CR after CRT, developed leukemia.
  • Case1, 60-yo-male, developed overt acute myeloid leukemia (AML) from myelodysplastic syndrome 48 months after CRT.
  • Cytogenetic analysis showed complicated abnormalities including deletion 5q.
  • Case3, 72-yo-male, developed Burkitt leukemia with t(8;14)(q24;q32) 19 months after CRT.
  • Case4, 65-yo-male, developed myeloid crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia with complicated abnormalities including t(9;22)(q34;q11) 48 months after CRT.
  • Case 1 and 3 had localized disease and received single course of neoadjuvant CRT.
  • Case 2 and 4 had advance disease and received 2 courses of CRT.
  • All patients eventually died of leukemia.
  • To this end, atypical cytogenetic abnormalities seen in the present cases give a new insight into the biology of therapy-related leukemia.
  • Notably, this is the first report presenting the incidence of secondary leukemia by nedaplatin.

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  • (PMID = 27962759.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Sampat KR, Garcia-Gutierrez V, Rossi A, Pierce S, Cortes J, Kantarjian H, Garcia-Manero G: Prevalence and therapeutic relationships of pericardial effusions in patients with leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7067
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prevalence and therapeutic relationships of pericardial effusions in patients with leukemia.
  • : 7067 Background: Little is known regarding the prevalence and natural history of pericardial disease in patients with leukemia.
  • To study this issue, we retrospectively analyzed a large cohort of patients with leukemia, who were evaluated at MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), to determine the prevalence, timing, and characteristics of PEf in leukemia.
  • METHODS: We reviewed 3,327 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML, N = 1,809, 54%), acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL, N = 494, 15%), or myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS, N =1,024, 31%), who were seen at MDACC from August 2003 to July 2008.
  • Data regarding diagnosis, timing, effusion size, and prior therapy was collected in the 401 patients (20.2%) that had echocardiographic evidence of PEf.
  • In the 401 total patients with PEf, 22.8%, 25.0%, and 18.4% (p = 0.33) of these effusions were found before treatment in the three disease categories, respectively.
  • The rest occurred after some form of chemotherapy, accounting for 77.2%, 75.0%, and 81.6% (p = 0.73) of the total PEf by disease, respectively.
  • No differences in effusion characteristics, including severity, were observed among different types of therapies including HDACi.
  • CONCLUSIONS: PEf are relatively common in patients with leukemia at initial presentation and are usually asymptomatic.
  • Their incidence increases with therapy administration although it appears that this is not a process related to specific classes of treatment or type of leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 27961462.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Lyman GH, Dale DC, Culakova E, Poniewierski MS, Wolff D, Kuderer NM, Lambert K, Crawford J: Acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) and overall mortality with chemotherapy (CT) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF): A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):9524
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) and overall mortality with chemotherapy (CT) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF): A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).
  • Pre-specified study categories included: a)same dose/schedule, b)dose-dense or c)dose-escalated CT.
  • No differences in estimates of AML/MDS or mortality were observed between industry and non-industry-funded studies.
  • Further research is needed to differentiate any impact of G-CSF on the risk of AML/MDS from that due to increased CT intensity.

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  • (PMID = 27964513.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Jabbour E, Faderl S, Ravandi F, Konopleva M, Verstovsek S, Cortes J, Wierda W, Newsome WM, Yang H, Kantarjian H, Garcia-Manero G: Phase II study of vorinostat (V) in combination with idarubicin and high-dose cytarabine (IA) as front-line therapy in patients (pts) with high-risk myelodyplsatic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7004
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase II study of vorinostat (V) in combination with idarubicin and high-dose cytarabine (IA) as front-line therapy in patients (pts) with high-risk myelodyplsatic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • 8 (47%) had secondary disease.
  • Results will be compared with those of a parallel IA study at MDACC.

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  • (PMID = 27961376.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Meyer LH, Zangrando A, Eckhoff SM, Queudeville M, Vendramini E, Basso G, Te Kronnie G, Debatin K: Association of time to leukemia (TTL) in NOD/SCID mice with expression of apoptosis regulators in pediatric ALL. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10042
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Association of time to leukemia (TTL) in NOD/SCID mice with expression of apoptosis regulators in pediatric ALL.
  • : 10042 Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most frequent malignant disease in childhood.
  • In a recent study we transplanted pediatric leukemia samples from newly diagnosed BCP-ALL patients into NOD/SCID mice.
  • Time to leukemia (TTL) was analyzed for each patient sample as time from transplant to overt leukemia in the recipients.
  • Patients whose leukemia cells engrafted rapidly showed a clearly inferior relapse free survival in contrast to patient samples with prolonged in vivo growth.
  • METHODS: Gene expression profiles of ALL samples (N = 14) with short versus long TTL in the xenograft model were analyzed using a human whole genome array (Affymetrix U133 Plus 2.0) correlating gene expression values (relative expression) to the time from transplant to manifestation of leukemia in the NOD/SCID mice (TTL, in weeks) by quantitative traits analysis (QTA).
  • Patient samples exhibiting a short time to overt leukemia in the xenotransplant model associated with poor relapse free survival showed down-regulated XAF1 and impaired caspase-3 activation leading to decreased apoptosis of the leukemia cells.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, we used a novel approach directly correlating gene expression values to time from transplant to overt leukemia (TTL) identifying the apoptosis regulator XAF1 to be associated with poor outcome of patients.

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  • (PMID = 27962468.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Erba HP, Kantarjian HM, Claxton DF, Arellano M, Lyons RM, Kovacsovics TJ, Gabrilove J, Eckert S, Faderl S: Updated remission duration and survival results of single-agent clofarabine in previously untreated older adult patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) unlikely to benefit from standard induction chemotherapy due to unfavorable baseline risk factor(s). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7062
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Updated remission duration and survival results of single-agent clofarabine in previously untreated older adult patients with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) unlikely to benefit from standard induction chemotherapy due to unfavorable baseline risk factor(s).
  • We now report updated duration of remission (DOR), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS).
  • METHODS: Single arm, multi-center, phase II, open-label, 2-stage study of patients with untreated AML, ≥60 years old, and at least one adverse prognostic factor: age ≥70 years, antecedent hematologic disorder (AHD), PS = 2, and/or intermediate/unfavorable risk karyotype.

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  • (PMID = 27961436.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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33. Beltran BE, Morales D, Quiñones P, Salas R, Castillo J: Analysis of prognostic factors in patients with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):8575
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Analysis of prognostic factors in patients with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.
  • : 8575 Background: Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-I (HTLV-1) described in Southern Japan, Europe, Caribbean and South America.
  • Diagnosis was based on clinical history and histological findings consistent with ATLL and either positive HTLV-1 serology or evidence of HTLV-1 integration.
  • Clinical types were acute (n=45), lymphomatous (n=43), cutaneous (n=10), smoldering (n=3) and chronic (n=1).
  • Median OS for acute, lymphomatous, smoldering and cutaneous subtype were 2, 11, 17 and 39 months, respectively (log-rank 28.5, p<0.00001).
  • The prognostic index for T-cell lymphoma (PIT) score was determined in 80 patients; 20 (25%), 17 (21%), 33 (41%) and 10 (13%) patients had scores of 0-1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective series represents the largest Latin-American experience on ATLL, which is a heterogeneous disease with distinct clinical features and outcomes.
  • The IPI ant PIT scores, used for risk-stratification of aggressive B-cell and peripheral T-cell lymphomas, respectively, appear as good prognostic indicators for ATLL as well.

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  • (PMID = 27962272.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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34. Ding W, Knox TR, Smoley SA, Van Dyke DL, Kay NE: Cytogenetic abnormalities in mesenchymal stem cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and normal subjects. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e22002
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cytogenetic abnormalities in mesenchymal stem cells in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients and normal subjects.
  • : e22002 Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) residing in the marrow support hematopoiesis and protect cancer cells from undergoing cell death induced by chemotherapy.
  • Recent reports have described clonal cytogenetic abnormalities in the MSC of acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome patients.
  • After 3-4 non-stimulated cell culture passages, the karyotype was analyzed in 5-40 metaphase cells from each subject Abnormalities were considered clonal using the accepted convention of the same chromosomal gain or rearrangement in 2 or more cells or loss in at least 3 cells.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Marrow MSC derived from CLL patients and normal subjects do show an array of cytogenetic abnormalities including clonal chromosomal abnormalities.

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  • (PMID = 27963169.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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35. Tsai DE, Wang W, Reshef R, Vogl D, Stadtmauer E, Andreadis C, Carlson A, Luger S: Effect of bexarotene on platelet counts in patients undergoing cancer treatment: An analysis of clinical trials in lung cancer and leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e20533
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of bexarotene on platelet counts in patients undergoing cancer treatment: An analysis of clinical trials in lung cancer and leukemia.
  • : e20533 Background: Bexarotene (Bex) is an oral retinoid X receptor agonist with activity against cutaneous T cell lymphoma and currently under investigation for other malignancies.
  • In patients receiving this agent for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we noted increases in platelet counts.
  • METHODS: We analyzed platelet count data from 3 Bex clinical trials encompassing non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and AML.

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  • (PMID = 27960979.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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36. Pigazzi M, Manara E, Baron E, Beghin A, Basso G: The inducible cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate early repressor (ICER) enhances drug sensitivity in acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e22045
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The inducible cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate early repressor (ICER) enhances drug sensitivity in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • CREB was previously demonstrated to be overexpressed in acute leukemia, whereas ICER was found rapidly degradated being unable to control gene transcription.
  • ICER exogenous expression was demonstrated to repress CREB targets preventing leukemia progression.
  • We hypothesized that ICER restoration deserves a special consideration for playing a role in CREB oncogenic feature and in modeling leukemic cell phenotype.
  • We monitored transcription and translation of a series of genes involved in different pathways by quantitative gene expression and western blot analysis.
  • We investigate ICER's role in cell death after treatment with chemotherapic drugs.
  • RESULTS: We revealed that ICER was able to control gene expression in leukemia, principally of genes involved in cell death and survival.
  • Cell cycle analyses revealed a block in G2 phase, a lowered cell proliferation and clonogenic potential with respect to HL60 treated at the same conditions.

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  • (PMID = 27963227.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Pratz KW, Cho E, Karp J, Levis M, Zhao M, Rudek M, Wright J, Smith BD: Phase I dose escalation trial of sorafenib as a single agent for adults with relapsed and refractory acute leukemias. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7065
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase I dose escalation trial of sorafenib as a single agent for adults with relapsed and refractory acute leukemias.
  • Based on preclinical activity in FLT3 mutant AML, sorafenib was studied in refractory acute leukemia.
  • METHODS: The primary objective was to determine the safety and tolerability of sorafenib in refractory acute leukemias.
  • No patients met criteria for complete or partial response, but 11 of 15 (73%) patients experienced stable disease as best response, with 6 showing a reduction in bone marrow blasts after only one cycle, half of who experienced a >50% reduction in bone marrow blasts.
  • Interestingly, 2 pts with FLT3-ITD mutations both showed marrow blast response (1 pt >50%).
  • Clinical activity as a single agent was limited to transient reductions in bone marrow blast counts and dose escalation was limited due to toxicities.

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  • (PMID = 27961441.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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38. Rangarajan B, Prabhash K, Nair R, Menon H, Jain P, Kannan S, Jeevangi NK, Bagal B, Parikh PM, Kurkure PA: Rater. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e20678
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of hematolymphoid malignancy, neutropenic febrile episode secondary to chemotherapy or during induction therapy of acute leukemia and more than 18 years of age All patients were risk stratified, hospitalized and treated with broad-spectrum, empiric, intravenous antibiotic therapy until recovery or outcome of the event.
  • We subsequently analyzed the subset of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) patients as they were the majority comprising of 62/81 episodes.

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  • (PMID = 27961676.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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39. Nikolic NM, Tomasevic Z, Jelic S: Secondary malignancies developing during metastatic breast cancer treatment. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e12020
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : e12020 Background: Secondary malignancies (SM) developing during metastatic breast cancer (MBC) are obviously more complicated for diagnosis, potential surgery and for further MBC treatment.
  • Patients with contra-lateral BC and acute leukemia were excluded.
  • CONCLUSIONS: According to our experience, SM develops more frequently in MBC than in non MBC patients, representing 60% (30/50 patients) of all SM in BC patients; 46.6% (14/30) of SM diagnosed during MBC could be surgically resected, and does not influence further MBC treatment.

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  • (PMID = 27964310.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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40. Mayer F, Weidmann J, Federmann B, Schwarz S, Hartmann JT, Kanz L, Bethge W: Clinical impact and follow-up of taste disturbances following myeloablative or nonmyeloablative chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e20609
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical impact and follow-up of taste disturbances following myeloablative or nonmyeloablative chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation.
  • : e20609 Background: Stem cell transplantation (SCT) after myeloablative (MA) or non-myeloablative (NMA) chemotherapy is a successful treatment option for a variety of diseases.
  • Indications for SCT included acute leukemia (n=38), myeloproliferative disease (n=20), lymphoma (n=13), and others (n=29).
  • 75% of pts reported moderate to severe changes in taste perception on a semiquantitative visual analogue scale during the acute phase of SCT with no differences between the three groups (73%, 79%, 75%).
  • The lower incidence of persiting changes in taste perception after autologous SCT might be attributed to the absence of graft versus host disease or the dispensability of immunosuppression.

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  • (PMID = 27961552.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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41. Tagawa ST, Parmar S, Pena J, Petrillo K, Matulich D, Selzer J, Vallabhajosula S, Goldsmith SJ, Bander NH, Nanus DM: Bone marrow recovery and subsequent chemotherapy following radiolabeled anti-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) monoclonal antibody J591 in patients (pts) with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (metCRPC). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e16004
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Cases of marrow damage, including myelodysplasia and acute leukemia have been reported with the RIT most used to date (that targeting CD20 in Non- Hodgkin's lymphoma), though no statistically significant association exists.
  • Specific searches for subsequent myelodysplasia and/or leukemia were performed.
  • No cases of post-RIT myelodysplasia and/or leukemia were discovered.

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  • (PMID = 27962929.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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42. Rao SR, Hassett M, Schwartz JH, Maloney B, Jacobson JO: Admissions for chemotherapy-related serious adverse effects (CR-SAEs) and rates of mortality among community cancer center patients. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):6571
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of adult cancer patients (excluding acute leukemia and stem cell transplant patients) admitted to a community hospital January 2003-December 2006.
  • We identified the type of SAE, outcome of each admission, time form chemotherapy to admission and from admission to discharge/death, and the disease and treatment characteristics of each patient.
  • The average time from chemotherapy to admission was shorter for fatal vs. non-fatal admissions (3.6 vs. 7.7 days; p<.01).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fatalities during admissions for CR-SAE's in a community cancer center are relatively uncommon and are not associated with age or type of SAE/cancer.

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  • (PMID = 27963798.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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43. Mohty M, Balere M, Socie G, Milpied N, Ifrah N, Harousseau JL, Michallet M, Blaise D, Esperou H, Yakoub-Agha I, SFGM-TC: Effect of antithymocyte globulins (ATG) as part of the myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen on the risk of severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) from matched-unrelated donors (MUD). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7025
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of antithymocyte globulins (ATG) as part of the myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen on the risk of severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) from matched-unrelated donors (MUD).
  • : 7025 Here, we report the results of a multicenter retrospective study analyzing the effect of ATG, incorporated within the MAC regimen for MUD-transplants in leukemic patients.
  • The purpose of the study was to compare the incidence and severity of acute and chronic GVHD as well as overall outcome.
  • 171 adult patients with acute leukemia and MDS, for whom detailed allelic HLA typing (4 digits) was available, were included.
  • With a median follow-up of 30.3 (range, 2.6-68.1) months, grade 0-1 and 2-4 acute GVHD occurred in 74 (46%) and 88 patients (54%) respectively, with grade 3-4 acute GVHD being significantly lower in the ATG group (18% vs. 32%; p = 0.04).
  • In multivariate analysis, an HLA allelic mismatch and the non-use of ATG were associated with an increased risk of grade 3-4 acute GVHD (RR = 2.80, 95% CI, 1.5-5.3, p = 0.001; and RR = 2.4, 95% CI, 1.1-5.0, p = 0.02 respectively).

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  • (PMID = 27961398.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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44. Yeh C, Ma W, Kantarjian H, Zhang ZJ, Cortes J, Albitar M: BCR-ABL truncation due to premature translation termination as a mechanism of resistance to kinase inhibitors. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7028
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 7028 Background: The major mechanism underlying imatinib resistance in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is clonal expansion of leukemic cells with point mutations in the BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase.
  • We describe three novel ABL premature termination mutations leading to BCR-ABL truncation in leukemia patients with multidrug (imatinib/nilotinib/dasatinib) resistance.
  • Total nucleic acids were purified and subjected to two rounds of PCR analysis, with the first PCR designed to eliminate amplification of the wild-type, non-translocated ABL gene.
  • HL60 cells (a Ph-negative myeloid leukemia cell line) and peripheral blood of healthy subjects were used as negative controls; a human CML cell line (K562) was used as a positive control.
  • RESULTS: We identified an exon 7 deletion in three CML patients, a 4-nt insertion (908insCAGG) near the exon 5/6 junction in one CML case, and an exon 6 point mutation (997C>T) in one patient with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • These mutations all create premature stop codons and cause termination at residues 381, 315, and 333, respectively, leading to truncated proteins with only the first quarter of the kinase domain (P-loop) or lacking the C-terminus of ABL including the A-loop.

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  • (PMID = 27961401.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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45. Naik SG, Negrin R, Laport G, Miklos D, Shizuru J, Arai S, Blume K, Wong R, Lowsky R, Johnston L: Long-term outcomes of high-dose therapy using busulfan, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients with high-risk or advanced stages of myeloid malignancies. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7033
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term outcomes of high-dose therapy using busulfan, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation for patients with high-risk or advanced stages of myeloid malignancies.
  • These include high-dose therapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT).
  • All pts were treated with a uniform preparatory regimen: busulfan 16.0 mg/kg (d-8 to-5), etoposide 60mg/kg (d-4), cyclophosphamide 60mg/kg (d-2), and graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) prophylaxis of cyclosporine and prednisone.
  • Disease status at transplantation was induction failure (IF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (n = 10), HR AML in 1st complete remission (CR1) n = 11, in CR2 (n = 5), in CR3 (n = 2), relapsed refractory (RR) AML (n = 14), chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in second chronic phase (n = 6), blast crisis (n = 2), myelofibrosis (n = 6), myeloproliferative disorders (n = 2), and MDS (n = 38).
  • Non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 29 % (95% CI 20%5-38%) at day 100 and 39% (95% CI 29%-49%) at one yr.
  • Cumulative incidence of acute (grade 3-4) and chronic GVHD was 28% (95% CI 19%-37%) and 38% (95% CI 24%-52%), respectively.
  • Relapse and acute GVHD remain significant causes of mortality.

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  • (PMID = 27961395.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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46. Flinn IW, Byrd JC, Furman RR, Brown JR, Lin TS, Bello C, Giese NA, Yu AS: Preliminary evidence of clinical activity in a phase I study of CAL-101, a selective inhibitor of the p1108 isoform of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (P13K), in patients with select hematologic malignancies. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3543
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 3543 Background: The class I PI3Ks regulate a variety of cellular functions relevant to oncogenesis, including metabolism, proliferation and survival.
  • The PI3K p110δ isoform is highly expressed in cells of hematopoietic origin and plays a key role in B cell maturation and function.
  • In vitro studies of 0.1 to 10 μM CAL-101 showed inhibition of pAKT expression and/or apoptotic effects against primary chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and against a range of leukemia and lymphoma cell lines.
  • METHODS: In an ongoing phase 1 dose escalation study in sequential cohorts of 3 patients with relapsed/refractory CLL or select B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, CAL-101 is administered orally twice daily for 28 days per cycle.
  • Two of 6 patients attained partial response and 4 have stable disease.
  • Partial responses were observed after 2 cycles of 50 mg in a patient with mantle cell lymphoma with 6 prior therapies, and after 1 cycle of 100 mg in a patient with follicular lymphoma with 6 prior therapies, including autologous stem cell transplant.
  • Disease specific cohort expansion will occur at the maximally tolerated dose, and patients with AML will be added.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Early results from a phase 1 study of the oral PI3K p110δ inhibitor CAL-101 show that it is well tolerated and has preliminary clinical activity in patients with B-cell malignancies.

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  • (PMID = 27961357.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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47. Villano JL, Letarte N, Yu JM, Shakir AR, Bressler L: Hematologic adverse events associated with temozolomide (TMZ). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):2053
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 2053 Background: Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is reported to occur in 3%-10% of patients treated with alkylating agents for Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, and multiple myeloma.
  • Among these patients, we identified 140 cases that we labeled as major hematologic adverse events: agranulocytosis (8 cases), aplasia (42), aplastic anemia (52), leukemia (26), MDS (6), and lymphoma (6).
  • Risk of leukemia/MDS from our review may also be significant, but length of follow-up is insufficient and the real risk is likely still unknown.

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  • (PMID = 27964671.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Ritchie EK, Roboz G, Hinchcliff K, Curcio T, Scandura J, Feldman E: Phase I trial of laromustine in combination with infusional ara-C in elderly patients over age 60 with newly diagnosed AML or high-grade MDS. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7054
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 7054 Background: Laromustine is a novel sulfonylhydrazine-alkylating agent with activity in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Laromustine in phase I and II trials shows activity in patients with relapsed/refractory leukemia (1) and elderly patients with new AML (2).

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  • (PMID = 27961420.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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49. Batty G, Kantarjian H, Issa JJ, Garcia-Manero G, Pierce S, O'Brien S, Jabbour E, Cortes J, Ravandi F: Feasibility of hypomethylating therapy in patients with renal insufficiency. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7089
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We investigated the outcomes of pts with RI and MDS, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML), or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) receiving therapy with HA.
  • RESULTS: Forty-two pts with sCr ≥ 1.5 mg/dL (including 17 with MDS, 16 with AML, and 9 with CMML) were treated with DAC or 5AZA alone or in combination with other agents (primarily histone deacetylase inhibitors).

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  • (PMID = 27961273.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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50. Chamberlain MC, Raizer J: Extended exposure to alkylator chemotherapy: Delayed appearance of myelodysplasia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e13030
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • OBJECTIVE: A case series of gliomas treated with alkylator-based chemotherapy who subsequently developed myelodysplastic syndrome (tMDS) or acute myelocytic leukemia (AML).
  • The diagnosis of tMDS was determined by bone marrow biopsy in seven patients.
  • Interval from last chemotherapy exposure to diagnosis of tMDS/AML ranged from 3 months to 31 months (median 24 months).

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  • (PMID = 27962878.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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51. Bloomfield CD: Importance of genetic heterogeneity in curing adult acute leukemia (AL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):s1
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Importance of genetic heterogeneity in curing adult acute leukemia (AL).
  • Publication of the French-American-British classification 34 years ago resulted in acceptance that morphology and cytochemistry separated AL into two different diseases, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), that required separate treatment.
  • The most striking example of increased curability of AL is acute promyelocytic leukemia, in which targeted therapy combined with chemotherapy has increased survival from a 2-week median to an 80% cure rate.
  • Recognition of increased sensitivity of a genetic subtype of AML to high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) has increased the cure rate of core-binding factor (CBF) AML from <10%-25% to 55%-60%.
  • Among adult de novo AML 40%-45% are cytogenetically normal (CN); the striking molecular heterogeneity of CN-AML is now being recognized and promises to allow individualized approaches that improve substantially upon the current cure rate of 40%.
  • New approaches to studying the leukemia genome and epigenome should improve our understanding of AL heterogeneity, identify new therapeutic targets, and allow the cure of most patients.

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  • (PMID = 27962366.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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52. Epenetos AA, Kousparou C, Stylianou S: Inhibition of Notch and tumor regression. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e14623
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : e14623 Background: Notch signaling is an evolutionary-conserved pathway in vertebrates and invertebrates which is involved many developmental processes, including cell fate decisions, apoptosis, proliferation, and stem-cell self renewal.
  • Increasing evidence suggests that the Notch signaling pathway is frequently up regulated in many forms of cancer including acute T-cell lymphoblastic leukemia, cervical, prostate, lung, breast and others.
  • RESULTS: Our data show that ANTP/DN MAML fusion protein, TR4 contains signals for proper cell targeting, internalization and nuclear transport.
  • TR4 was found to be non- immunogenic following repeat administration in healthy animals.
  • It is non- immunogenic following repeat administration and has acceptable toxicity profile.

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  • (PMID = 27964214.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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53. Patel R, Kurian S, Sun C, Francisco L, Wong L, Sharp J, Armenian S, Forman S, Bhatia S: Challenges for retrospective cohort studies: A profile of patients who refuse participation or are lost to follow-up. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):6615
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 6615 Background: As hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) has increasingly become a curative option for many diseases, studying long-term complications has assumed critical importance.
  • Primary diagnoses included acute/chronic leukemia (43%), Hodgkin/non-Hodgkin lymphoma (36%), multiple myeloma (9%), and other miscellaneous diagnoses (12%).

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  • (PMID = 27961771.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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54. Plunkett W, Thomas DA, O'Brien SM, Federl S, Giles FJ, Nicol SJ, Gill J, Zhao L, Ravandi F, Kantarjian H: Phase I study of pemetrexed in patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia or lymphoid blast phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7068
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  • [Title] Phase I study of pemetrexed in patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia or lymphoid blast phase chronic myelogenous leukemia.
  • The purpose of this phase I trial was to define the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of pemetrexed given with vitamin supplementation to patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia.
  • METHODS: Patients ≥15 years of age were enrolled with relapsed or refractory leukemia, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤2, adequate renal and hepatic function, and life expectancy of ≥6 weeks.
  • RESULTS: Twenty-two patients entered the trial; median age was 50 years (range: 18-75); 15 patients had acute myeloid leukemia and 7 patients had acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
  • Two patients died during the study due to disease progression and 1 patient discontinued due to a subdural hematoma of unknown cause.

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  • (PMID = 27961463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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55. Smith MA, Morton CL, Carol H, Gorlick RG, Kang MH, Keir ST, Kolb EA, Lock RB, Maris JM, Houghton PJ: Pediatric Preclinical Testing Program (PPTP) testing of the CENP-E inhibitor GSK923295A. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10015
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: The PPTP includes a molecularly characterized in vitro panel of cell lines (n = 27) and in vivo panel of xenografts (n = 60) representing most of the common types of childhood solid tumors and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • RESULTS: GSK923295A demonstrated potent in vitro activity against the PPTP cell line panel with a median IC50 of 27 nM (range 12 nM to > 10 μM).
  • Objective responses were noted in 13 of 35 xenografts, including 9 with maintained complete responses (MCR), 3 with complete response (CR), and 1 with partial response (PR).
  • For the neuroblastoma panel, the best response was progressive disease (PD) with growth delay compared to controls (PD2 response), which was observed in 5 of 6 xenografts.

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  • (PMID = 27962529.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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56. Ayan I, Kebudi R, Ozger H, Yaman Agaoglu F, Gorgun O, Bilgic B, Eralp L, Dizdar Y, Darendeliler E: Childhood osteosarcoma: Evaluation of 94 cases. A single institution study. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10040
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  • METHODS: Between January 1990 and December 2006, 94 children (53 male, 41 female) with a median age of 13 (5-16) years and a histopathologic diagnosis of osteosarcoma were treated with an institutional chemotherapy regimen comprising of 6 courses (3 pre-, 3 postoperatively) of epirubicin (90 mg/m2), cisplatin(100 mg/m2), and ifosfamide(2 g/m2 × 3 days) every 3 weeks.
  • 26 patients died; 20 of disease, 5 of toxicity, and 1 of second malignancy (acute myeloid leukemia).
  • 5 and 10 year EFS for nonmetastatic patients was superior to those with metastatic disease [62.4 % (95% CI 49.9-79.9 %) vs. 6.9 % (95% CI 0-19.9 %)) (p<0.001).
  • 10 year OS for 18 patients (11 metastatic at diagnosis) who progressed during preoperative chemotherapy was 13 % vs. 75 % for those who didnot have progressive disease (p< 0.001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The presence of metastases at diagnosis was the most significant characteristic influencing outcome.

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  • (PMID = 27962466.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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57. Iliopoulou EG, Kountourakis P, Karamouzis MV, Doufexis D, Ardavanis A, Baxevanis CN, Rigatos G, Papamichail M, Perez SA: A phase I trial of adoptive transfer of allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells in patients (pts) with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):3001
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  • [Title] A phase I trial of adoptive transfer of allogeneic natural killer (NK) cells in patients (pts) with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
  • : 3001 Background: HLA-mismatched NK cells have been found effective in acute myeloid leukemia pts.
  • RESULTS: Between 11/2007 and 11/2008 16 pts (performance status 0-1) were enrolled; 1 pt had rapid disease progression before treatment.
  • Pts characteristics: M/F 12/4; histology: adenocarcinoma/squamous cell carcinoma 13/3; stage IIIb/IV 2/14; 1<sup>st</sup>/2<sup>nd</sup> line treatment 13/3; median age 64 years (range, 50-71).
  • With a median follow-up of 6 months (range, 1-14) 3 pts with partial response and 7 pts with disease stabilization were recorded.

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  • (PMID = 27962051.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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58. Cheng PC, Crane J, Hunter T: Combination of bortezomib with a FLT3 inhibitor potentiates inhibition of proliferation and apoptosis of AML in vitro. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e14551
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  • : e14551 Background: FLT3 receptor tyrosine kinase activating mutations contribute to leukemogenesis and poor prognosis in approximately 30% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • An internal tandem duplication (ITD) mutation in the juxtamembrane domain of FLT3 results in loss of autoinhibition that leads to constitutive, ligand-independent activation of the receptor, with subsequent activation of multiple downstream signaling pathways, including RAS/MAPK and STAT5.
  • METHODS: In the course of conducting a synthetic lethality screen with a FLT3 inhibitor on the Ba/F3 murine cell line stably expressing human FLT3 or FLT3-ITD, we identified bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, as having potent activity against FLT3-ITD cells.
  • The effects of drugs on proliferation, apoptosis, and phosphosignaling were quantified in Ba/F3 cells and in the HL60 (WT FLT3) and MV4-11 (FLT3-ITD) human cell lines, using an MTS- based colorimetric assay, caspase 3 and 7 activity assays, and immunoblotting, respectively.
  • When the FLT3 inhibitor and bortezomib were used at IC25 concentrations, a more pronounced inhibition of cell proliferation was observed when they were used in combination than with either alone.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Bortezomib preferentially kills FLT3- ITD cells, showing a four-fold more potent inhibition of cell proliferation, induces apoptosis, and abrogates activation of FLT3 and its downstream effector pathways.

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  • (PMID = 27963616.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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59. Bello CM, Yu D, Zhu W, Wetzstein GA, Lancet JE: Outcomes following induction chemotherapy in patients with AML arising from MDS: Analysis of prognostic factors. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7088
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  • : 7088 Background: Secondary acute myeloid leukemia (sAML) arising from myelodysplasia (MDS) or a myeloproliferative neoplasm (MPN) has a poor prognosis.
  • RESULTS: Sixty-one patients with sAML who received induction therapy were evaluated: median age (range) = 66 (36-82) years; M = 67%, ECOG PS 0 or 1 = 86%; poor-risk (PR) cytogenetics = 33%; IPSS > 1 = 43%; prior therapy for MDS with decitabine or azacitidine (DM) or lenalidomide (L) = 41% (25 pts).
  • Multivariable analysis indicated that the same three factors were significantly negatively associated with CR/CRp as well as OS: PR cytogenetics, prior treatment with DM/L, and long transformation to AML on log scale.
  • Only 32% of the group that received prior treatment with a DM/L achieved CR/CRp compared to 78% in non DM/L-treated patients (OR = 0.13, 95% CI: 0.04-0.42).
  • The CR/CRp rate for those with intermediate risk (IR) cytogenetics was 70% compared to only 35% for those with PR cytogenetics (OR = 4.33, 95% CI: 1.38-13.6).
  • Those with PR cytogenetics had a median OS of 2.8 mo compared to 7.5 mo for IR (p = 0.01).
  • The median OS for those treated with a DM/L was 3.7 mo compared to 10.5 mo for non DM/L-treated patients (p < 0.0001).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Prior MDS treatment with a DM/L, PR cytogenetics and long transformation to AML are independent negative prognostic factors for response and OS in patients with sAML following induction therapy, suggesting that such patients may be better served by novel approaches, and that stratification for these risk factors should be considered in future clinical trials.

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  • (PMID = 27961482.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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60. Giles FJ, O'Brien S, Rizzieri DA, Vey N, Krug U, Sekeres M, Jacobsen TF, Nilsson BI, Staudacher K: A phase II study with CP-4055 in patients with second salvage AML. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7047
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  • : 7047 Background: CP-4055 (cytarabine 5'-elaidic acid ester) is a novel derivative of cytarabine, independent of nucleoside transporters to enter the cell.
  • The aim of this study was to assess efficacy and safety of CP-4055 when given as second salvage therapy to patients (pts) with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

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  • (PMID = 27961426.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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61. Wei Q, Li Y, Chen L, Zhang L, He X, Fu X, Ying K, Huang J, Chen Q, Xie Y, Mao Y: Genes differentially expressed in responsive and refractory acute leukemia. Front Biosci; 2006;11:977-82
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  • [Title] Genes differentially expressed in responsive and refractory acute leukemia.
  • DNA microarray in 22 patients with acute leukemia revealed genes which were differentially expressed.
  • Ribosomal protein SA (RPSA), minichromosome maintenance deficient 2 (MCM2) and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 (HNRPA1) were significantly upregulated (p<0.05, t test) in refractory patients, suggesting that they may play a role in refractoriness in acute leukemia and could be biomarkers of prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor. Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Leukemia / genetics. Leukemia / pathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Biomarkers. Cell Cycle Proteins / biosynthesis. Female. Gene Expression Regulation. Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B / biosynthesis. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 2. Nuclear Proteins / biosynthesis. Nucleic Acid Hybridization. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis. Prognosis. Receptors, Laminin / biosynthesis. Ribosomal Proteins / biosynthesis. Up-Regulation

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  • (PMID = 16146788.001).
  • [ISSN] 1093-9946
  • [Journal-full-title] Frontiers in bioscience : a journal and virtual library
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Front. Biosci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers; 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 0 / RPSA protein, human; 0 / Receptors, Laminin; 0 / Ribosomal Proteins; 0 / hnRNP A1; EC 3.6.4.12 / MCM2 protein, human; EC 3.6.4.12 / Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 2
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62. Thomas X: Chemotherapy of acute leukemia in adults. Expert Opin Pharmacother; 2009 Feb;10(2):221-37
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Chemotherapy of acute leukemia in adults.
  • BACKGROUND: General therapeutic options for adult patients with acute leukemia are reviewed and specific new treatment strategies are described.
  • RESULTS/CONCLUSION: In the past years, striking new developments have been noticeable in the treatment of adult acute leukemia.
  • However, the overall outcome of adult acute leukemia remains poor, particularly in older patients.
  • Intensive chemotherapy remains the standard for leukemia treatment but several approaches using new cytotoxic agents seem promising.
  • Therapeutic targeting of specific biologic abnormalities present in the leukemia cell population might, in a near future, improve outcome of adult leukemia patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy

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  • (PMID = 19236195.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-7666
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert opinion on pharmacotherapy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Opin Pharmacother
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 120
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63. Savchenko VG: [Acute leukemia and pregnancy--some postulates]. Ter Arkh; 2009;81(7):5-7
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  • [Title] [Acute leukemia and pregnancy--some postulates].
  • The aim of chemotherapy of acute leukemia in pregnant women is to save two lives.
  • Abortion is not mandatory in acute leukemia as this disease is curable by chemotherapy.
  • Effective treatment of pregnant women with acute leukemia diagnosis is now practiced not only by large clinics, it is also provided by regional centers.
  • Overall 5-year actual survival for acute myeloid leukemia is 64%, for APL and ALL - 25%.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia / drug therapy. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Disease-Free Survival. Embryonic Development / drug effects. Female. Fetal Development / drug effects. Humans. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Outcome


64. Mullighan CG: Genomic analysis of acute leukemia. Int J Lab Hematol; 2009 Aug;31(4):384-97
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Genomic analysis of acute leukemia.
  • Acute leukemia is the commonest childhood cancer and a major cause of morbidity from hematologic malignancies in adults.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is commonest in children, and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is more frequent in adults.
  • Apart from childhood ALL, the prognosis of acute leukemia is suboptimal, with many patients experiencing relapse, which carries a poor prognosis, or toxicities from nonspecific therapies.
  • Recent years have witnessed great interest in the application of high-resolution, genome wide approaches to the study of acute leukemia.
  • These studies have identified multiple novel genetic alterations targeting critical cellular pathways that contribute to leukemogenesis, including alterations of genes regulating lymphoid development, tumor suppressors, apoptosis regulators, and oncogenes.
  • These studies have also delineated novel genetic alterations that are associated with prognosis, and have demonstrated substantial evolution in patterns of genetic alterations from diagnosis to relapse, indicating that specific genetic changes determine resistance to therapy in ALL.
  • These studies have demonstrated the power of genome-wide approaches to identify new lesions in acute leukemia, and suggest that ongoing genomic analyses, including deep resequencing and epigenetic analysis, will continue to yield novel, clinically relevant insights into the pathogenesis of this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19486196.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-553X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of laboratory hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Lab Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 112
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65. He JJ, Li YH, Sun XJ, Wan SG, Xu J, Su L, Tian D: [Aberrant immunophenotypes in 126 patients with acute leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2007 Oct;15(5):1032-6
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  • [Title] [Aberrant immunophenotypes in 126 patients with acute leukemia].
  • The existence of leukemia aberrant immunophenotypes (LAIP) has been suggested to be a valuable tool for the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD), as they could distinguish leukemic cells from normal hematopoietic progenitors.
  • This study was purposed to analyze the characteristics of LAIP in acute leukemia and further explore the proportion of different types of LAIP in acute leukemia patients.
  • Flow cytometry (FCM) with four color and CD45/SSC gating were used to detect the antigen expression in samples of bone marrow from 126 patients with acute leukemia.
  • It is concluded that the LAIP with four subgroups can be detected in the majority of patients with acute leukemia and immunophenotyping based on LAIP is applicable for the detection of MRD.

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  • (PMID = 17956685.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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66. Farag SS, Caligiuri MA: Immunologic approaches to acute leukemia in the elderly. Semin Hematol; 2006 Apr;43(2):118-25
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  • [Title] Immunologic approaches to acute leukemia in the elderly.
  • The outcome of older patients with acute leukemia remains poor with few long-term survivors, indicating the need for treatment approaches that target pro-apoptotic pathways not influenced by chemotherapy resistance.
  • In the treatment of acute leukemia, NK cell-based therapies have focused on in vivo expansion and activation with cytokines with only modest success.
  • However, recent understanding of the importance of NK receptors for the recognition and lysis of leukemia cells suggests novel therapeutic strategies.
  • In this review, we discuss the biologic rationale for therapeutic strategies harnessing NK cells and focus on novel directions for their future use in elderly patients with acute leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunotherapy / methods. Leukemia / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Aged. Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity. Cytokines / therapeutic use. Humans. Killer Cells, Natural / immunology. Killer Cells, Natural / transplantation

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  • (PMID = 16616045.001).
  • [ISSN] 0037-1963
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines
  • [Number-of-references] 84
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67. Terry PD, Shore DL, Rauscher GH, Sandler DP: Occupation, hobbies, and acute leukemia in adults. Leuk Res; 2005 Oct;29(10):1117-30
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  • [Title] Occupation, hobbies, and acute leukemia in adults.
  • Occupational and industrial exposures have been implicated in the etiology of leukemia, yet uncertainty remains regarding potential high risk occupations.
  • We examined the associations between self-reported occupations and hobbies and acute leukemia risk using data from 811 cases and 637 controls participating in a case-control study in the U.S. and Canada.
  • We found that several occupations may increase the risk of acute leukemia, particularly occupations related to petroleum products, rubber, nuclear energy, munitions, plastics, and electronics manufacturing.
  • Differences were noted according to histological type.
  • [MeSH-major] Hobbies. Leukemia, Myeloid / epidemiology. Occupational Exposure. Occupations. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Canada / epidemiology. Case-Control Studies. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Odds Ratio. Risk Factors. United States / epidemiology

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  • [CommentIn] Leuk Res. 2005 Oct;29(10):1105-6 [15913775.001]
  • (PMID = 16111530.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
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68. Advani AS, Hunger SP, Burnett AK: Acute leukemia in adolescents and young adults. Semin Oncol; 2009 Jun;36(3):213-26
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  • [Title] Acute leukemia in adolescents and young adults.
  • In the treatment of acute leukemia age is a predictor of response.
  • Thus, in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) there is a clearly poorer treatment outcome after puberty, while in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), which is more common in older adults, age is a continuous variable with poorer outcomes in each successive decade.
  • Here we discuss the outcome of acute leukemia in adolescents and young adults, particularly with respect to whether they respond similarly to children or other adults.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / adverse effects. Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Humans. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute. Stem Cell Transplantation. Survival Rate

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  • (PMID = 19460579.001).
  • [ISSN] 0093-7754
  • [Journal-full-title] Seminars in oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Semin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Number-of-references] 66
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69. Lee JH, Min YH, Chung CW, Kim BK, Yoon HJ, Jo DY, Shin HJ, Bang SM, Won JH, Zang DY, Kim HJ, Chi HS, Lee KH, Cheong JW, Kim JS, Kim SH, Park S, Park SY, Chung JS, Lee JH, Park CJ, Korean Society of Hematology AML/MDS Working Party: Prognostic implications of the immunophenotype in biphenotypic acute leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2008 Apr;49(4):700-9
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  • [Title] Prognostic implications of the immunophenotype in biphenotypic acute leukemia.
  • The present study retrospectively analyzed clinicopathological and clinical data from 43 adult patients with biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) from 11 Korean institutes.
  • The incidence of BAL was 2.1% among acute leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / pathology

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  • (PMID = 18398737.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers
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70. Chen B, Xu X, Ji M, Lin G: Myeloid/NK cell acute leukemia. Int J Hematol; 2009 Apr;89(3):365-7
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  • [Title] Myeloid/NK cell acute leukemia.
  • Myeloid/NK cell leukemia is distinct entity, being different from the myeloid/NK cell precursor acute leukemia and blastic NK cell lymphoma/leukemia in morphology and immunotypes.
  • The morphology of leukemia cells in bone marrow was similar to that of acute promyelocytic leukemia.
  • The leukemia cells express CD13, CD33, CD15, and CD56, not expressing CD34, HLA-DR and CD16.
  • The patients were given chemotherapy as acute myeloid leukemia, and got complete remission.
  • [MeSH-major] Killer Cells, Natural / pathology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19326059.001).
  • [ISSN] 1865-3774
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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71. Wu HJ, Chen Y: [Biological characteristics of hyperleukocytic acute leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Jun;14(3):450-4
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  • [Title] [Biological characteristics of hyperleukocytic acute leukemia].
  • The study was to investigate the biological characteristics of hyperleucocyte acute leukemia (HAL) and its clinical significance.
  • In AML, monocytic leukemia is easier to become into HAL than other leukemias.
  • In ALL, T-lineage antigens of HAL group are more easily expressed than those of NHAL group; the leukemia cells of HAL group are naiver than those of NHAL group, meanwhile the prognosis of HAL is poor.

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  • (PMID = 16800918.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / Antigens, CD79; 0 / Antigens, CD8; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 2
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72. Dagbashian SS: [Characteristics of respiratory disorders in acute leukemia]. Ter Arkh; 2007;79(12):63-5
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  • [Title] [Characteristics of respiratory disorders in acute leukemia].
  • AIM: To characterize respiratory disorders and microflora in patients with acute leukemia (AL).
  • Blast pleurisy was found in 6 patients.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / complications. Respiratory Tract Infections / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Bacteria / isolation & purification. Diagnosis, Differential. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Radiography, Thoracic. Retrospective Studies. Sputum / microbiology

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  • (PMID = 18220035.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-3660
  • [Journal-full-title] Terapevticheskiĭ arkhiv
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ter. Arkh.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents
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73. Sinigaglia R, Gigante C, Bisinella G, Varotto S, Zanesco L, Turra S: Musculoskeletal manifestations in pediatric acute leukemia. J Pediatr Orthop; 2008 Jan-Feb;28(1):20-8
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  • [Title] Musculoskeletal manifestations in pediatric acute leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: In children, acute leukemia (AL) at presentation can mimic several orthopaedic pathologies, so that a variable delay of the correct diagnosis is often reported.
  • METHODS: To define more clearly the clinical and radiological musculoskeletal manifestations of leukemia in children, 122 affected children referred from 1984 to 1999 to our Pediatric Onco-Hematologic Clinic were retrospectively reviewed.
  • Average age at diagnosis was 6.6 years (from 7 months to 17 years).
  • One hundred two (83.6%) had acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 20 (16.4%) had acute myeloid leukemia.
  • RESULTS: At presentation, complaints related to the musculoskeletal system were frequent (38.3%), including pain (34.4%), functional impairment (22.9%), limping (12.3%), swelling (10.6%), and joint effusion (5.7%).
  • At presentation, 40.2% of children had at least 1 radiographic abnormality.
  • Radiographic abnormalities (P = 0.400), type of leukemia (P = 0.291), sex (P = 0.245), and white blood cell count at presentation (P = 0.877) were not prognostic factors.
  • As early diagnosis significantly decreases morbidity and mortality of AL, the orthopaedist should suspect AL in any child with unexplained persistent skeletal pain or radiographic alterations.
  • Accurate history, general physical examination, and complete blood cell count tests should address the suspicion, which is confirmed by a peripheral and/or iliac crest bone marrow biopsy.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Musculoskeletal Diseases / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Leukocyte Count. Male. Prevalence. Retrospective Studies. Survival Rate. Time Factors

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  • (PMID = 18157042.001).
  • [ISSN] 0271-6798
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric orthopedics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Pediatr Orthop
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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74. Swords R, Giles F: Troxacitabine in acute leukemia. Hematology; 2007 Jun;12(3):219-27
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  • [Title] Troxacitabine in acute leukemia.
  • The initial trials with troxacitabine have established its efficacy in both solid and haematological malignancies, including those resistant to ara-C (cytarabine).
  • [MeSH-major] Cytosine / analogs & derivatives. Dioxolanes / therapeutic use. Leukemia / drug therapy

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  • [CommentIn] Hematology. 2007 Oct;12(5):471 [17891602.001]
  • (PMID = 17558697.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-8454
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Duplicate Publication; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Dioxolanes; 60KQZ0388Y / troxacitabine; 8J337D1HZY / Cytosine
  • [Number-of-references] 46
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75. Ansari M, Krajinovic M: Pharmacogenomics of acute leukemia. Pharmacogenomics; 2007 Jul;8(7):817-34
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  • [Title] Pharmacogenomics of acute leukemia.
  • Leukemia exists in two different forms, myeloid and lymphoid.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia more frequently occurs in children, whereas the risk of acute myeloid leukemia is more common in adults.
  • Prognosis is particularly poor in adult acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Treatment failure in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia due to drug resistance remains the leading cause of cancer-related death in children.
  • Here, we provide an overview of pharmacogenetics studies carried out in children and adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia, attempting to find the associations between treatment responses and polymorphisms in the genes whose products are needed for metabolism, and effects of drugs used in the treatment of leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Pharmacogenetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Humans. Polymorphism, Genetic. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 18240908.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8042
  • [Journal-full-title] Pharmacogenomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pharmacogenomics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 130
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76. McHayleh WM, Redner R, Sehgal R, Raptis A, Agha M, Natale J, Luong T, Schlesselman JJ, Foon K, Boyiadzis M: Etoposide and mitoxantrone in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia patients with persistent leukemia after a course of induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7073
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  • [Title] Etoposide and mitoxantrone in newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia patients with persistent leukemia after a course of induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin.
  • : 7073 Background: The goal of induction chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is complete remission with restoration of normal bone marrow.
  • If residual leukemia is present after the first course of induction therapy, patients receive a second course identical to the first or receive a non-cross resistant antileukemic regimen.
  • Lower CR rate was associated with unfavorable cytogenetic risk status at diagnosis and higher percent blasts prior to treatment with mitoxantrone and etoposide.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that the combination of etoposide and mitoxantorne is an active and well-tolerated regimen as second-course therapy in newly diagnosed AML patients who have persistent leukemia after a first course of induction therapy with cytarabine and idarubicin.

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  • (PMID = 27961456.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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77. Luong NV, Kantarjian HM, Faderl SH, Thomas DA, Vu KD: Occurence of venothromboembolism (VTE) in patients (pts) with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), Burkitt's leukemia/lymphoma (BL), or lymphoblastic leukemia (LL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7059
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  • [Title] Occurence of venothromboembolism (VTE) in patients (pts) with acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), Burkitt's leukemia/lymphoma (BL), or lymphoblastic leukemia (LL).
  • Although neoplastic diseases are known risk factors for the development of VTE, little is known about the incidence and predisposing factors of VTE among leukemia patients (pts).
  • METHODS: We performed a retrospective study to determine the incidence and risk factors associated with development of VTE among pts with ALL, BL, LL at M. D.
  • Pts who used oral contraception or hormone replacement therapy (OCP/HRT) were 2 times (95% CI: 1.07-3.92) more likely to develop VTE than non-users.
  • In a multivariate model, significant predictors of VTE were age 40-59 yrs, plt count 50-99 x 10<sup>9</sup>/L, diagnosis of Ph-positive ALL, history of VTE, and OCP/HRT use.
  • In addition to traditional risk factors, disease-specific features may also predispose pts to higher VTE risk.
  • Further studies should be done in other leukemias to establish guidelines in the prevention and management of VTE in pts with leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 27961450.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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78. Fauzdar A, Mahajan A, Jain D, Mishra M, Raina V: Amplification of RUNX1 gene in two new cases of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A case report. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e21000
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  • [Title] Amplification of RUNX1 gene in two new cases of childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia: A case report.
  • : e21000 Background: Chromosome abnormalities of leukemia cells have important prognostic significance in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) ETV6/RUNX1 (alias TEL/AML1) is most frequent i.e.
  • We report two new cases with Pre B- cell ALL without ETV6/RUNX1 rearrangement, showing amplification of AML1 gene detected by FISH analysis.
  • RESULTS: In first case a 3-year girl with four copies of AML (RUNX1) gene were observed in 95% of the cell with normal two copies of TEL (ETV6) gene in both interphase and metaphase FISH.

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  • (PMID = 27960689.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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79. Mukhopadhyay A, Gupta P, Mukhopadhyay S, Dey S, Basak J, Pandey R: Result of adolescent acute lymphoblastic leukemia protocol (MCP 841) from a developing country. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10046
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  • [Title] Result of adolescent acute lymphoblastic leukemia protocol (MCP 841) from a developing country.
  • : 10046 Background: Acute Lymphatic Leukemia is a curable disease in the range of 80 - 90% in developed countries by aggressive protocol like BFM, St. Judes' but result is much less in adolescence age group (60-70%).
  • In a follow-up period of 24 - 88 months (with an average of 54 months) the disease-free survival ( DFS) was 42 (56%) patients with an overall survival of 46 (61.34%) patients.
  • The major cause of the mortality was infection 18% (24.0% patients) followed progressive disease 9 (12.0%) and hemorrhage 2 (2.7%).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The data of acute lymphatic leukemia in adolescent is not satisfactory as compared to other pediatric patients.

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  • (PMID = 27962472.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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80. Kunivayalil S, Jain A, Satheesh C, Tejinder S, Lakshmaiah K, Suresh TM, Lokanatha D, Babu G: A comparative study of single-dose pegfilgrastim versus daily filgrastim in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18005
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  • [Title] A comparative study of single-dose pegfilgrastim versus daily filgrastim in patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • It can be used during induction and consolidation chemotherapy in acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

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  • (PMID = 27964003.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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81. Tai E, Richardson L, Townsend J, Steele B: Differences in length of stay among hospitalized children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10044
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Differences in length of stay among hospitalized children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • : 10044 Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common malignancy among children in the United States.
  • METHODS: We used 2000, 2003, and 2006 data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) which contains pediatric discharges from community, non-rehabilitation hospitals.
  • RESULTS: We found the following factors related to greater LOS among hospitalized children with ALL: Non-Hispanic blacks vs. non-Hispanic whites (Rate Ratio (RR) = 1.06, CI:1.03-1.10), Hispanics vs. non-Hispanic whites (RR = 1.07, CI:1.04-1.10), age < 1 year vs. age 1-5 years (RR = 1.93, CI:1.83-2.04), female vs. male (RR = 1.05, CI:1.03-1.07), lowest quartile of household income in patient's zip code vs. highest quartile (RR = 1.09, CI:1.06-1.12), Medicaid vs. private insurance (RR = 1.11, CI:1.09-1.14), children's hospital vs. non-children's (RR = 1.11, CI:1.08-1.14), Western region of United States vs. Northeast region (RR = 1.14, CI:1.11-1.17), emergency room admission vs. routine admission (RR = 1.23, CI:1.20-1.26), blood transfusion (RR = 1.64, CI:1.61-1.67), bone marrow transplant (RR = 7.64, CI:7.11-8.20), and neutropenia (RR = 1.22, CI:1.19-1.24).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Race/ethnicity, age, sex, household income, insurance status, admission source, hospital type and region, transfusion, bone marrow transplant, and neutropenia were significantly associated with longer LOS.

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  • (PMID = 27962470.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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82. Te Loo DM, van Schie RM, Hoogerbrugge PM: Effect of azole antifungal therapy on vincristine toxicity in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10049
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  • [Title] Effect of azole antifungal therapy on vincristine toxicity in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • : 10049 Background: Vincristine is one of the corner stitches in the treatment of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • METHODS: In total, twenty pediatric patients with de novo ALL were included in this study.

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  • (PMID = 27962456.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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83. Pemmaraju N, Kantarjian H, Ravandi F, O'Brien S, Wierda W, Thomas D, Garcia-Manero G, Borthakur G, Pierce S, Cortes J: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adolescents and young adults (AYA): The M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) experience. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7051
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  • [Title] Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adolescents and young adults (AYA): The M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC) experience.
  • : 7051 Background: AML is a heterogeneous group of hematopoietic neoplasms demonstrating clonal proliferation of myeloid precursors and is typically a disease of older adults.
  • This cohort included 27 (17%) pts with Core Binding Factor (CBF)-AML [inv(16), t(8:21)] and 19 pts (12%) with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
  • Outcome is better for pts with CBF leukemia (3 yr survival 56%, sustained CR 49%) and APL (3 yr survival 51%, sustained CR 36%) compared to other AML (3 yr survival 28%, sustained CR 24%).

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  • (PMID = 27961415.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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84. Lopez-Enriquez AT: Acute promielocytic leukemia: 14 years experience at the University Hospital, San Juan, Puerto Rico. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18006
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  • [Title] Acute promielocytic leukemia: 14 years experience at the University Hospital, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • : e18006 Background: Acute promielocytic leukemias (APL) are a unique example in carcinogenesis, of maturation arrest at the promielocytic stage, associated with a chromosomal reciprocal translocation of a portion of chromosome 15 and 17 with the formation of fusion proteins between the PML gene and the alpha-retinoic acid receptor site.
  • METHODS: Since 1994 when transretinoic acid (ATRA) became available to us, we developed a protocol incorporating this drug to the standard regime of induction chemotherapy for acute leukemias used in our institution of 7 days of continuous infusion of cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) and three days of daunorubicine (7+3), starting the ATRA on day 14 at 45 mg/m2 and continued daily for 120 days.

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  • (PMID = 27963993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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85. Rubnitz J, Inaba H, Ribeiro R, Pounds S, Pui C, Leung W: Pilot study of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10034
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Pilot study of haploidentical natural killer cell transplantation in childhood acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 10034 Background: In the setting of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), donor natural killer (NK) cells exhibit potent anti-leukemic effects without causing graft-versus-host disease.
  • We hypothesized that the transplantation of purified haploidentical NK cells may be a safe and effective form of consolidation therapy that will reduce the risk of relapse among children with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who are not treated with HSCT.
  • In this pilot study, we assessed the safety, feasibility, and engraftment of NK cell infusions in 10 patients with AML in first remission.
  • RESULTS: The 10 patients had a median age of 2.5 years (range, 8 months to 21 years) and a median leukocyte count of 62 x 10<sup>9</sup>/L (range, 4 to 487) at diagnosis.
  • Leukemic cell genetic abnormalities included CBFβ-MYH11in 4 cases, RBM15-MKL1in 2 cases, MLL-ENL and MLL-AF9 in 1 case each; 2 cases had no detectable abnormalities.
  • All patients had detectable donor NK cells at one or more time points: donor NK cell chimerism ranged from 0% to 30% during the first 4 weeks after the infusions and was greater than 1% in 9 cases at week 1, 4 cases at week 2, 5 cases at week 3, and 3 cases at week 4.
  • One patient had prolonged NK engraftment (189 days), but no non-hematological toxicity.
  • Grade 3-4 non-hematological toxicity was limited to one respiratory viral infection and one episode of febrile neutropenia.
  • We have recently opened a new trial to evaluate the efficacy of NK cell therapy in children in first remission of AML.

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  • (PMID = 27962581.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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86. Barret J, Dumontet C, Annereau J, Brel V, Breillout F, Guminski Y, Imbert T, Guilbaud N, Bailly C: A functional procedure using fresh samples to select patients with acute myeloid leukemia prior to treatment with the novel targeted cytotoxic agent F14512. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):11087
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A functional procedure using fresh samples to select patients with acute myeloid leukemia prior to treatment with the novel targeted cytotoxic agent F14512.
  • This study was undertaken to investigate the potential of N-methyl-spermine-NBD, a proprietary fluorescent polyamine conjugate, designed to select patients with PTS-positive leukemic cells.
  • METHODS: The uptake of this probe was first measured by flow cytometry in a panel of human leukemia cell lines.
  • RESULTS: Data showed that high level of fluorescence was detected in F14512 -sensitive cancer cell lines whereas leukemia cells responding poorly to F14512 generally exhibited very low levels of PTS.
  • A panel of 50 fresh human acute myeloid leukemia samples showed a larger inter-individual variation and, interestingly, incorporation of the fluorescent probe was generally higher in leukemia blasts than in lymphocytes.

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  • (PMID = 27963178.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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87. Lipshultz SE, Scully RE, Lipsitz SR, Sallan SE, Silverman LB, Miller TL, Orav EJ, Colan SD: Gender differences in long-term dexrazoxane cardioprotection in doxorubicin-treated children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10005
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  • [Title] Gender differences in long-term dexrazoxane cardioprotection in doxorubicin-treated children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Adding dexrazoxane (DZR) to DOX treatment resulted in reduced myocardial injury in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) during Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Protocol 95-01.

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  • (PMID = 27962530.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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88. Medeiros BC, Gotlib JR, Coutre SE, Jones C, Khan SA, Rajwanshi R, Rajwanshi R, Zehnder J, Zehnder J: Interim results of protracted low doses of temozolomide in high-risk acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7052
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Interim results of protracted low doses of temozolomide in high-risk acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 7052 Background: High treatment-related mortality and low response rates often discourage elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia from receiving treatment.
  • De novo AML was diagnosed in eight patients and five patients had s-AML.
  • Drug-related hematologic toxicities were difficult to distinguish from disease-related cytopenias.
  • Seven patients have died from disease progression, while two patients died of neutropenic sepsis (early deaths).

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  • (PMID = 27961417.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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89. Kim S, Lee J, Lee J, Kim D, Lim S, Lee Y, Kang Y, Seol M, Ryu S, Lee K: Pretransplant comorbidity as an outcome predictor in adult patients younger than 60 years of age receiving standard induction chemotherapy for de novo acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7055
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  • [Title] Pretransplant comorbidity as an outcome predictor in adult patients younger than 60 years of age receiving standard induction chemotherapy for de novo acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 7055 Background: Comorbidity has been evaluated as an outcome predictor in elderly patients receiving induction chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) as well as in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) for various hematologic disorders.
  • METHODS: A total of 276 patients, aged 14 to 59 years, who received standard induction chemotherapy consisting of cytarabine plus daunorubicin or idarubicin for de novo AML excluding M3 subtype between 2000 and 2007 were included.
  • Pre-treatment comorbidity score, assessed by the HCT specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI), was calculated using clinico- pathologic data, which were retrieved from Asan Medical Center Leukemia Registry Database.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Pre-treatment comorbidity may provide additional prognostic information over established prognostic factors in patients younger than 60 years of age receiving standard induction chemotherapy for de novo AML.

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  • (PMID = 27961421.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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90. Pardee TS, Zuber J, Lowe SW: Effects of the Flt3 ITD on response to chemotherapy in a murine model of acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7060
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effects of the Flt3 ITD on response to chemotherapy in a murine model of acute myeloid leukemia.
  • : 7060 Background: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive, genetically heterogeneous malignancy.

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  • (PMID = 27961434.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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91. Iacobucci I, Storlazzi C, Lonetti A, Ferrari A, Messina M, Cilloni D, Papayannidis C, Baccarani M, Foà R, Martinelli G: IKZF1 (IKAROS) deletions as a prognostic marker in BCR-ABL1 positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients: A GIMEMA ALL WP Report. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):11005
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] IKZF1 (IKAROS) deletions as a prognostic marker in BCR-ABL1 positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients: A GIMEMA ALL WP Report.
  • : 11005 Expression of BCR-ABL1 in hematopoietic stem cells can alone induce a chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) but cooperating oncogenic lesions are required for the generation of a blastic leukemia.
  • To identify oncogenic sub-microscopic lesions that cooperate with BCR-ABL1 to induce ALL, by high resolution single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) arrays (250K NspI and SNP 6.0, Affymetrix) we studied 106 patients (pts) with de novo adult BCR-ABL1-positive ALL.
  • Gene expression profiling analysis of pts with IKZF1 deletion vs wild-type pts identified a unique signature characterized by a down-regulation of genes involved in pre-B-cell differentiation (e.g.
  • VPREB1, VPREB3, IGLL3, BLK), demonstrating that genomic IKZF1 alterations have a strong impact on trascriptoma and contribute to an impaired B-cell differentiation.
  • Univariate analysis showed that the IKZF1 deletion is a negative prognostic marker influencing the cumulative incidence of relapse (10.1 months for pts with deletion vs 56.1 months for wild-type pts, p=0.0103) and disease-free survival (DFS) (10.1 months vs 32.1 months, respectively, p=0.0229).
  • Supported by European LeukemiaNet, AIL, AIRC, FIRB 2006, Strategico di Ateneo, GIMEMA Onlus.

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  • (PMID = 27964054.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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92. Khattab TM, Jastaniah WA, Felimban SK, Elemam N, Abdullah K, Ahmed B: How could improvement in the management of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia be achieved? Experience of Princess Nourah Oncology Center, National Guard Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):10048
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  • [Title] How could improvement in the management of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia be achieved? Experience of Princess Nourah Oncology Center, National Guard Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
  • : 10048 Background: T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is representing 10-15% of pediatric ALL.
  • OBJECTIVES: We reviewed all patients diagnosed with T-ALL to assess risk classification according to NCI criteria, type of therapy received, overall survival and causes of mortality.
  • METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients files diagnosed with T-ALL from 1989 until now with data collection including; sex, age, white cell count (WBCs), CNS disease, type of protocol used, length of survival, overall survival, cause of death (toxic, disease).
  • Median WBCs 50,000/Cmm (range: 1.500-619,000/Cmm) and positive CNS at diagnosis 10/52 (20%).
  • Overall survival 27/52 (52%) and 25 pts. died (48%); 15 secondary to disease recurrence (9 on UKALL, 4 BFM, 2 CCG 1961); 4 during induction, 1 fulminant hepatic failure, 1 tumor lysis syndrome, and 4 due to toxicities (mucormycosis, staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome, CMV pneumonia, pseudomonas sepsis).
  • Mean length of survivors 4 year (range 4-140 month) and mean length for non-survivors 1 year (range 0.1-40 months).
  • Further risk and response stratification in addition to intensification of therapy for T-cell ALL in our center may prove to be beneficial.

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  • (PMID = 27962474.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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93. Rao AV, Valk P, Metzeler KH, Acharya C, Rizzieri DA, Delwel R, Bohlander SH, Buske C, Potti A, Lowenberg B: Age-specific differences in oncogenic pathway deregulation and chemosensitivity in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: Strategies to maximize response to induction chemotherapy. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7013
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Age-specific differences in oncogenic pathway deregulation and chemosensitivity in patients with acute myeloid leukemia: Strategies to maximize response to induction chemotherapy.
  • : 7013 Background: Despite all the advances made in understanding the poor prognosis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the elderly, the underlying biology at a molecular signaling pathway level has yet to be defined.
  • Standard Kaplan-Meier survival curves were generated using the two-sided log-rank test and individual differences in the probability of oncogenic pathway deregulation between young vs. elderly were analyzed via the non-parametric Mann-Whitney U test and a one-sided p-value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

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  • (PMID = 27961386.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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94. Faderl S, Thomas DA, Gandhi V, Huang X, Borthakur G, O'Brien S, Ravandi F, Plunkett W, Bretz JL, Kantarjian HM: Results of a phase I study of clofarabine (CLO) plus cyclophosphamide (CY) in adult patients (pts) with relapsed and/or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7020
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Results of a phase I study of clofarabine (CLO) plus cyclophosphamide (CY) in adult patients (pts) with relapsed and/or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Twenty-one pts had pre-B ALL, 5 pts pre-T/T ALL, 1 pt mature B ALL, and 3 pts biphenotypic acute leukemias.
  • One (20%) pt in cohort 1 and 9 (36%) in cohort 2 experienced DLTs (≥ grade 3) including transaminase elevations, diarrhea, hyperbilirubinemia, and (1 pt each) elevation of creatinine/renal failure, lipase elevation, rash, nausea/vomiting.

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  • (PMID = 27961382.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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95. Gupta A, Singh M, Singh H, Kumar L, Sharma A, Bakhshi S, Raina V, Thulkar S: Febrile neutropenia during acute myeloid leukemia therapy: Single institution experience from a developing country. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18000
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Febrile neutropenia during acute myeloid leukemia therapy: Single institution experience from a developing country.
  • : e18000 Background: Febrile neutropenia poses a major challenge during treatment of acute myeloid leukaemia (AML).
  • RESULTS: 402 febrile episodes including 363 episodes of febrile neutropenia (180 in induction, 183 in consolidation) and 39 non-neutropenic episodes (18 in induction, 21 in consolidation) occurred.
  • Prompt and proper institution of antibiotics and antifungals besides considering alternative diagnosis peculiar to the region (e.g. tuberculosis, malaria) may aid in better management.

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  • (PMID = 27964014.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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96. Lonetti A, Iacobucci I, Ferrari A, Messina M, Cilloni D, Soverini S, Papayannidis C, Baccarani M, Foà R, Martinelli G: Expression of different isoforms of the B-cell mutator activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) in BCR-ABL1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7049
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Expression of different isoforms of the B-cell mutator activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) in BCR-ABL1-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients.
  • : 7049 Since the activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) enzyme can target non-immunoglobulin (Ig) genes and may even act as a genome-wide mutator, we investigated AID expression in BCR-ABL1-positive ALL and in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) at the time of progression to blast crisis.
  • On the 61 de novo adult BCR-ABL1-positive ALL patients (pts), AID mRNA and protein were detected in 36 (59%); their expression correlated with BCR-ABL1 transcript levels and disappeared after treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitors at the time of remission.
  • AID expression was also found in lymphoid blast crisis CML (50%), but not in myeloid lineage or in chronic phase CML.
  • Different isoforms of AID were identified: 13/61 (21%) pts expressed the full-length isoform; 19/61 (31%) co-expressed the wild-type and different AID splice variants with deaminase activity (AIDΔE4a, with a 30 bp deletion of exon 4; AIDΔE4, with the exon 4 deletion; AIDins3, with the retention of intron 3-4); 4/61 (7%) expressed the AIDΔE3-E4 isoform without deaminase activity (deletion of exons 2 and 3).
  • Patients who expressed wild-type AID had a higher number of alterations compared to AID-negative (median copy number alteration of 14 versus 4. respectively, p < 0.03).
  • Our findings show that BCR-ABL1-positive ALL cells aberrantly express different isoforms of AID that can act as mutator outside the Ig gene loci in promoting genetic instability in leukemia cells.
  • Supported by: European LeukemiaNet, AIL, AIRC, FIRB 2006, Fondazione del Monte di Bologna e Ravenna, Strategico di Ateneo, GIMEMA Onlus.

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  • (PMID = 27961429.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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97. Fernandez HF, Sun Z, Litzow MR, Luger SM, Paietta EM, Dewald G, Ketterling RP, Rowe JM, Lazarus HM, Tallman MS: A randomized trial of anthracycline dose intensification during induction of younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia: Results of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group study E1900. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7003
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] A randomized trial of anthracycline dose intensification during induction of younger patients with acute myeloid leukemia: Results of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group study E1900.
  • : 7003 Background: In younger adults with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML), anthracycline dose intensification during induction may improve complete remission (CR) rates; however, an improvement in overall survival (OS) in a randomized trial has not been demonstrated.
  • Those achieving a CR were allocated to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) or high-dose cytarabine (with or without a single dose of gemtuzumab ozogamicin) prior to autologous HSCT.
  • There were no differences in patient demographics or disease characteristics between the two groups at presentation.

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  • (PMID = 27961375.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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98. Duhoux F, Libouton J, Bahloula K, Ameye G, Poirel HA: Identification by FISH of 4 novel partner loci of PRDM16 in myeloid malignancies. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):11037
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 11037 Background: PRDM16 is a gene located on 1p36.32 that encodes for a zinc finger transcription factor and contains an N-terminal PR domain.
  • It has been shown to be involved in the reciprocal translocation t(1;3)(p36;q21) and more rarely the t(1;21)(p36;q22) which both occur in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemias (AML).
  • These translocations result in the overexpression of a truncated version of the PRDM16 protein that lacks the PR domain.
  • METHODS: We studied 35 myeloid malignancies, 12 lymphoid malignancies and 3 undifferentiated acute leukemias with 1p36 abnormalities by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with a bacterial artificial chromosomes (BAC) contig containing 50 BAC probes on 1p36.
  • We identified the respective candidate partner loci : TEL/ETV6, IKZF1, CDH4 and a non-coding unknown sequence.
  • Interestingly, the shortest isoform of MDS/EVI-1, lacking the PR domain, is supposed to have an oncogenic effect due to its translocation-induced upregulation in AML.

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  • (PMID = 27964015.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Evans WE, Relling MV: Pharmacogenomics of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):s3
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  • [Title] Pharmacogenomics of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Based on these studies, candidate gene genotyping has been already incorporated into the treatment of childhood ALL and integrated with electronic medical records at St. Jude to optimize use of a few medications.
  • Because prognostic factors (including genomic variations) depend upon the details of therapy, collection of blood (for germ-line DNA) should be part of every cancer clinical trial to advance genomic research.

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  • (PMID = 27962369.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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100. Morris B, Khan R, Ledet D, Howell C, Pui C, Hudson M, Ness K: Neurological morbidity in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):9529
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Neurological morbidity in survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • METHODS: After obtaining IRB approval, all long-term ALL survivors (≥ 5 years since diagnosis) aged 6-28 years who remained active patients at our institution were identified.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Symptoms and signs of a chronic sensory neuropathy, presumably from previous vincristine exposure, were evident in many patients.

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  • (PMID = 27964517.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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