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1. Serra-Bonett N, Guzmán Y, Rodríguez E, Millán A, Rodríguez MA: [Acute leukemia in children erroneously diagnosed as idiopathic juvenile arthritis]. Reumatol Clin; 2008 Mar;4(2):70-3

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Acute leukemia in children erroneously diagnosed as idiopathic juvenile arthritis].
  • [Transliterated title] Leucemia aguda en niños con diagnóstico erróneo de artritis idiopática juvenil.
  • We here present 3 Venezuelan children with acute leukemia, initially diagnosed as idiopathic juvenile arthritis because of the occurrence of pain and joint swelling at the onset of disease.
  • One patient presented with persistent unilateral sacroiliac pain leading to a wrong diagnosis of spondyloarthritis.
  • The elevation of acute phase reactants, disproportionate to the extent of joint disease, and marked elevation of serum lactate dehydrogenase, as well as characteristicradiological changes allowed the correct diagnosis in all cases.
  • This combination of clinical manifestations, clinical laboratory findings, and joint and bone imaging should prompt the clinician to an early diagnosis of acute leukemia in children with arthritis.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2008 Elsevier España. Reumatología Clínica ® Sociedad Española de Reumatología and ® Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21794501.001).
  • [ISSN] 1699-258X
  • [Journal-full-title] Reumatología clinica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Reumatol Clin
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Spain
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2. Puumala SE, Ross JA, Olshan AF, Robison LL, Smith FO, Spector LG: Reproductive history, infertility treatment, and the risk of acute leukemia in children with down syndrome: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Cancer; 2007 Nov 1;110(9):2067-74
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Reproductive history, infertility treatment, and the risk of acute leukemia in children with down syndrome: a report from the Children's Oncology Group.
  • BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS) have from 10 to 20 times the risk of developing acute leukemia than the general pediatric population.
  • There is mixed evidence for associations between reproductive history or infertility and acute leukemia among children without DS.
  • METHODS: The authors conducted a case-control study of acute leukemia among children with DS to investigate possible risk factors in this population.
  • From 1997 to 2002, 158 children aged <20 years with DS who had a diagnosis of acute leukemia (97 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL] and 61 children with acute myeloid leukemia [AML]) were enrolled at Children's Oncology Group (COG) institutions.
  • RESULTS: Null results were observed overall and by subtype for reproductive factors, including previous pregnancy outcomes and contraceptive use, and for most infertility outcomes.
  • [MeSH-major] Down Syndrome / complications. Infertility / therapy. Leukemia / complications. Reproductive History
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Female. Fertility Agents, Female / adverse effects. Fertilization in Vitro / adverse effects. Humans. Male. Maternal Age. Mothers. Pregnancy. Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects. Risk Factors. Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic / adverse effects


3. Lim CK, Goh YT, Hwang WY, Ho LP, Sun L: Studies of Wilms' Tumor (WT1) Gene Expression in Adult Acute Leukemias in Singapore. Biomark Insights; 2007 Aug 08;2:293-8

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Studies of Wilms' Tumor (WT1) Gene Expression in Adult Acute Leukemias in Singapore.
  • Biomarkers provide certain values for diagnosis, monitor treatment efficacy, or for the development of novel therapeutic approach for particular diseases.
  • Thus, the identification of specific of biomarkers for specific medical problems, including malignant diseases may be valuable in medical practice.
  • In the study, we have used the Wilms' tumor gene (WT1) as a biomarker to evaluate its expression in local adult patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia, including both acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemias (AML and ALL).
  • AIM: To investigate WT1 gene expression in adult patients with acute leukemia at diagnosis.
  • METHODS: Eighteen patients with acute leukemia diagnosed at Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, between September, 2004 and July, 2005 were included in this study.
  • RESULTS: WT1 gene was exclusively expressed in all eighteen, including three ALL and fifteen AML, patients.
  • CONCLUSIONS: WT1 gene expression was observed in local patients with acute leukemia at diagnosis.
  • It may be used as a potential molecular marker for diagnosis, clinical progression of the diseases or monitoring the response to treatment, as well as a target for the development of novel therapeutic approaches.

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  • (PMID = 19662212.001).
  • [Journal-full-title] Biomarker insights
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biomark Insights
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2717842
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; HLA-A / WT1 / adulthood acute leukemia / gene expression
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4. Rondón G, Saliba RM, Khouri I, Giralt S, Chan K, Jabbour E, McMannis J, Champlin R, Shpall E: Long-term follow-up of patients who experienced graft failure postallogeneic progenitor cell transplantation. Results of a single institution analysis. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant; 2008 Aug;14(8):859-66
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Long-term follow-up of patients who experienced graft failure postallogeneic progenitor cell transplantation. Results of a single institution analysis.
  • The long-term outcome of graft failure after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) has not been well described.
  • Cases were included for analysis if they had failed to achieve an absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of 500/microL or more by 28 days post-SCT or 42 days after cord blood transplantation (primary graft failure); had a decrease in their ANC to <500/mL for 3 consecutive days after having achieved neutrophil engraftment (secondary graft failure); or failed to have evidence of at least 5% or more donor cell engraftment (primary graft failure with autologous reconstitution).
  • A diagnosis of acute leukemia was a significant predictor for poor survival on multivariate analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Graft Rejection / etiology. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 18640568.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-6536
  • [Journal-full-title] Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P30 CA016672
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ NIHMS712198; NLM/ PMC4548938
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5. Gujral S, Polampalli S, Badrinath Y, Kumar A, Subramanian PG, Raje G, Amare P, Arora B, Banavali SD, Nair CN: Clinico-hematological profile in biphenotypic acute leukemia. Indian J Cancer; 2009 Apr-Jun;46(2):160-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinico-hematological profile in biphenotypic acute leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND: We present a clinico-hematological profile and treatment outcome of Biphenotypic Acute Leukemia (BAL).
  • AIM: Study incidence and subtypes of BAL, correlate with age, morphology, and cytogenetic findings and correlate the clinico-hematological data with the treatment response.
  • MATERIAL AND METHODS: Diagnosis was based on WHO classification, including clinical details, morphology, cytochemistry, immunophenotyping, and molecular genetics.
  • We included those cases, which fulfilled the European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Acute Leukemia's (EGIL's) scoring system criteria for the diagnosis of BAL, as per recommendation of the WHO classification.
  • BCR ABL fusion positivity was a common cytogenetic abnormality (seven cases).
  • A comprehensive panel of reagents is required, including cytoplasmic markers; to diagnose BAL.
  • BCR-ABL expression is an important prognostic factor, as these cases will be labeled as Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blast crisis with biphenotypic expression and treated accordingly.
  • [MeSH-major] Immunophenotyping. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / blood. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease Progression. Female. Hematologic Tests. Humans. Incidence. Male. Middle Aged. Phenotype. Retrospective Studies. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19346652.001).
  • [ISSN] 0019-509X
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
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6. Emerenciano M, Koifman S, Pombo-de-Oliveira MS: Acute leukemia in early childhood. Braz J Med Biol Res; 2007 Jun;40(6):749-60

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute leukemia in early childhood.
  • Acute leukemia in early childhood is biologically and clinically distinct.
  • The particular characteristics of this malignancy diagnosed during the first months of life have provided remarkable insights into the etiology of the disease.
  • The pro-B, CD10 negative immunophenotype is typically found in infant acute leukemia, and the most common genetic alterations are the rearrangements of the MLL gene.
  • The Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Infant Acute Leukemia has found that mothers exposed to dipyrone, pesticides and hormones had an increased chance to give birth to babies with infant acute leukemia [OR = 1.48 (95%CI = 1.05-2.07), OR = 2.27 (95%CI = 1.56-3.31) and OR = 9.08 (95%CI = 2.95-27.96)], respectively.
  • This review aims to summarize recent clues that have facilitated the elucidation of the biology of early childhood leukemias, with emphasis on infant acute leukemia in the Brazilian population.

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  • (PMID = 17581672.001).
  • [ISSN] 0100-879X
  • [Journal-full-title] Brazilian journal of medical and biological research = Revista brasileira de pesquisas medicas e biologicas
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Braz. J. Med. Biol. Res.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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7. Saxena R, Anand H: Flow cytometry in acute leukemia. Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus; 2008 Dec;24(4):146-50

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Flow cytometry in acute leukemia.
  • Immunophenotyping of acute leukemia is one of the most important clinical application of Flow cytometery.
  • The aim of this work is to review recent advances in flow cytometery methods, quality control, troubleshooting and its prevention and data analysis of acute leukemia.
  • Multiparameter flow cytometery is a useful adjunct to morphology and cytochemistry and it is an invaluable tool in the diagnosis of acute leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 23100953.001).
  • [ISSN] 0971-4502
  • [Journal-full-title] Indian journal of hematology & blood transfusion : an official journal of Indian Society of Hematology and Blood Transfusion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] India
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC3475429
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Acute leukemia / Flow cytometery / Immunophenotyping / Leukemia
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8. Belacel N, Wang Q, Richard R: Web-integration PROAFTN methodology for acute leukemia diagnosis. Telemed J E Health; 2005 Dec;11(6):652-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Web-integration PROAFTN methodology for acute leukemia diagnosis.
  • OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a web-based Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) tool, which integrated a new fuzzy multiple criteria classification methodology named PROAFTN in acute leukemia (AL) diagnosis.
  • 1) make a "virtual" diagnosis and to compare its performances with given clinical diagnosis;.
  • The method will not replace specialists, but was developed to assist biologist-hematologists and general practitioners remotely in making decisions on medical diagnosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Decision Support Systems, Clinical / organization & administration. Internet. Leukemia / diagnosis. Systems Integration
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Humans. New Brunswick. Software

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  • (PMID = 16430384.001).
  • [ISSN] 1530-5627
  • [Journal-full-title] Telemedicine journal and e-health : the official journal of the American Telemedicine Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Telemed J E Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Li X, Du W, Liu W, Li X, Li H, Huang SA: Comprehensive flow cytometry phenotype in acute leukemia at diagnosis and at relapse. APMIS; 2010 May;118(5):353-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Comprehensive flow cytometry phenotype in acute leukemia at diagnosis and at relapse.
  • Multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) plays a vital role in the detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) and diagnosis of relapse in acute leukemia.
  • However, application of a limited panel of antibodies in MFC leads to high rates of false-negative and false-positive results.
  • Thirteen patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 12 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were immunophenotyped by MFC at diagnosis and at relapse using a comprehensive panel of monoclonal antibodies (McAbs) to 27 antigens and CD45/SSC gating.
  • In 23 of 25 patients (92.3%), changes in at least one of progenitor-associated, myeloid and lymphoid antigens between diagnosis and relapse were observed.
  • Multiple panels of three or more McAbs are likely to be required in the monitoring of MRD and diagnosis of relapse in acute leukemia by MFC.
  • [MeSH-major] Flow Cytometry / methods. Immunophenotyping / methods. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / immunology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology

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  • (PMID = 20477810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1600-0463
  • [Journal-full-title] APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] APMIS
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm
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10. Liang T, Wang N, Li W, Li A, Wang J, Cui J, Liu N, Li Y, Li L, Yang G, Du Z, Li D, He K, Wang G: Identification of complement C3f-desArg and its derivative for acute leukemia diagnosis and minimal residual disease assessment. Proteomics; 2010 Jan;10(1):90-8
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Identification of complement C3f-desArg and its derivative for acute leukemia diagnosis and minimal residual disease assessment.
  • Therapeutic conditions for acute leukemia (AL) mainly rely on diagnosis and detection of minimal residual disease (MRD).
  • However, no serum biomarker has been available for clinicians to make diagnosis of AL and assessment of MRD.
  • [MeSH-major] Biomarkers, Tumor / blood. Complement C3b / analysis. Leukemia / blood. Neoplasm, Residual / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Amino Acid Sequence. Arginine / metabolism. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Molecular Sequence Data. Proteomics. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19882663.001).
  • [ISSN] 1615-9861
  • [Journal-full-title] Proteomics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Proteomics
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor; 0 / complement C3f-des-arginine; 80295-43-8 / Complement C3b; 94ZLA3W45F / Arginine
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11. Zhao Y, Yu L, Wang QS, Li HH, Bo J, Wang SH, Jin HJ, Lou FD: [Id4 gene methylation for detection of minimal residual disease in acute leukemia]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 May;27(5):298-301
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Id4 gene methylation for detection of minimal residual disease in acute leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possibility of Id4 gene promoter methylation as a biomarker for minimal residual disease (MRD) detection in acute leukemia.
  • METHODS: Methylation specific-PCR technique was used to detect Id4 gene methylation in samples with different percentages of leukemia cells from leukemia cell line and bone marrows from leukemia patients in complete remission (CR).
  • RESULTS: Id4 gene methylation could be detected in samples containing 1% or lower leukemia cells.
  • Frequency of Id4 gene methylation in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients in CR was 64.3% being higher than that in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients in CR.
  • CONCLUSION: Id4 gene promoter methylation is a candidate of biomarker for MRD detection in acute leukemias.
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Methylation. Inhibitor of Differentiation Proteins / genetics. Leukemia / diagnosis. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Cell Line. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 16875575.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ID4 protein, human; 0 / Inhibitor of Differentiation Proteins
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12. Ali R, Ozkalemkas F, Ozkocaman V, Ozcelik T, Akalin H, Ozkan A, Altundal Y, Tunali A: Hydatid disease in acute leukemia: effect of anticancer treatment on echinococcosis. Microbes Infect; 2005 Jul;7(9-10):1073-6
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  • [Title] Hydatid disease in acute leukemia: effect of anticancer treatment on echinococcosis.
  • Echinococcosis, also known as hydatid disease or hydatidosis, is a zoonotic illness caused by the larval form of Echinococcus spp.
  • We treated and followed approximately 1200 patients with different hematologic neoplastic diseases between 1985 and 2003, and only one of these individuals had concomitant acute leukemia and liver hydatidosis.
  • This report describes the case of a 19-year-old man who had both primary refractoriness of acute leukemia (AML-M4) and liver hydatidosis.
  • The patient underwent 3 months of treatment with agents that targeted the leukemia (daunorubicin, idarubicin, cytarabine, fludarabine) and its complications (amphotericin B, amphotericin B lipid complex, liposomal amphotericin B).

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  • (PMID = 15996888.001).
  • [ISSN] 1286-4579
  • [Journal-full-title] Microbes and infection
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Microbes Infect.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B
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13. Savchenko VG: [Acute leukemia and pregnancy--some postulates]. Ter Arkh; 2009;81(7):5-7
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  • [Title] [Acute leukemia and pregnancy--some postulates].
  • The aim of chemotherapy of acute leukemia in pregnant women is to save two lives.
  • Abortion is not mandatory in acute leukemia as this disease is curable by chemotherapy.
  • Effective treatment of pregnant women with acute leukemia diagnosis is now practiced not only by large clinics, it is also provided by regional centers.
  • Overall 5-year actual survival for acute myeloid leukemia is 64%, for APL and ALL - 25%.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia / drug therapy. Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Disease-Free Survival. Embryonic Development / drug effects. Female. Fetal Development / drug effects. Humans. Pregnancy. Pregnancy Outcome

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  • (PMID = 19708566.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-3660
  • [Journal-full-title] Terapevticheskiĭ arkhiv
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ter. Arkh.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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14. Sun XL, Fang MY, Jiang F, Jing Y: [Immunologic classification used in typing of 68 cases of acute leukemias]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Feb;14(1):39-41
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  • [Title] [Immunologic classification used in typing of 68 cases of acute leukemias].
  • To evaluate the significance of immunologic classification for typing of acute leukemia (AL).
  • 68 cases of AL were classified by morphologic and immunologic typings.
  • The results showed that the consistency rate was 94.1% between morphology and immunology, and 4 morphologic misdiagnosed cases were corrected by immunology; CD13 and CD33 were special myeloid lineage-associated antigens; AML-M(3) was often CD34 low-expressed and HLA-DR-negative; CD14 was often expressed in AML-M(4) and M(5); lymphoid lineage-associated antigens (CD7) were easily found in ANLL, and myeloid lineage-associated antigens were also found in ALL.
  • In conclusion, immunologic classification can improve the accuracy in acute leukemia diagnosis.
  • The diagnosis of some special AL, such as acute unidentified leukemia (AUL), AML-M(0) and so on, must rely on immunologic classification.

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  • (PMID = 16584588.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Antigens, CD7; 0 / Antigens, Differentiation, Myelomonocytic; 0 / CD33 protein, human; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 3; EC 3.4.11.2 / Antigens, CD13
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15. Wu YJ, Li JY, Zhu MQ, Song JH, Zheng WJ: [Application of a four antibody (cMPO/cCD79aalpha/cCD3/CD45) combination to the diagnosis of acute leukemia expressing cross-lineage antigens]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Jul;27(7):449-51
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Application of a four antibody (cMPO/cCD79aalpha/cCD3/CD45) combination to the diagnosis of acute leukemia expressing cross-lineage antigens].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore the diagnostic value of intracellular antibody combination in acute leukemia (AL) expressing cross-lineage cell-surface antigens.
  • RESULTS: Fifty-four of 269 previously untreated adult AL patients who expressed only one kind of intracellular antigen were diagnosed as cross-lineage AL, the percentage of cross-lineage AL in T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), B-ALL and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) was 28.6%, 43.6% and 13.4%, respectively.
  • Six (2.3%) patients expressed two-lineage intracellular antigens were diagnosed as biphenotypic AL: 2 of T/B type and 4 B/M (B/myeloid) type.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibodies, Monoclonal. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 17147246.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal; 0 / Antigens, CD3; 0 / Antigens, CD79; 0 / Antigens, Surface; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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16. Spanaki A, Linardakis E, Perdikogianni C, Stiakaki E, Morotti A, Cilloni D, Kalmanti M: Quantitative assessment of WT1 expression in diagnosis of childhood acute leukemia. Leuk Res; 2007 Apr;31(4):570-2
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Quantitative assessment of WT1 expression in diagnosis of childhood acute leukemia.
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate WT1 expression levels in childhood acute leukemia.
  • Bone marrow from 14 children with acute leukemia at diagnosis and from 7 children with solid tumors without bone marrow involvement (control group) was studied.
  • Four of the five WT1 positive patients with additional adverse prognostic factors, have succumbed to their disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. WT1 Proteins / genetics

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Acute Myeloid Leukemia.
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  • (PMID = 16876863.001).
  • [ISSN] 0145-2126
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / WT1 Proteins
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17. Mohty M, Balere M, Socie G, Milpied N, Ifrah N, Harousseau JL, Michallet M, Blaise D, Esperou H, Yakoub-Agha I, SFGM-TC: Effect of antithymocyte globulins (ATG) as part of the myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen on the risk of severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) from matched-unrelated donors (MUD). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7025

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Effect of antithymocyte globulins (ATG) as part of the myeloablative conditioning (MAC) regimen on the risk of severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) from matched-unrelated donors (MUD).
  • : 7025 Here, we report the results of a multicenter retrospective study analyzing the effect of ATG, incorporated within the MAC regimen for MUD-transplants in leukemic patients.
  • The purpose of the study was to compare the incidence and severity of acute and chronic GVHD as well as overall outcome.
  • 171 adult patients with acute leukemia and MDS, for whom detailed allelic HLA typing (4 digits) was available, were included.
  • With a median follow-up of 30.3 (range, 2.6-68.1) months, grade 0-1 and 2-4 acute GVHD occurred in 74 (46%) and 88 patients (54%) respectively, with grade 3-4 acute GVHD being significantly lower in the ATG group (18% vs. 32%; p = 0.04).
  • In multivariate analysis, an HLA allelic mismatch and the non-use of ATG were associated with an increased risk of grade 3-4 acute GVHD (RR = 2.80, 95% CI, 1.5-5.3, p = 0.001; and RR = 2.4, 95% CI, 1.1-5.0, p = 0.02 respectively).

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  • (PMID = 27961398.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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18. Lopez-Enriquez AT: Acute promielocytic leukemia: 14 years experience at the University Hospital, San Juan, Puerto Rico. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e18006

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Acute promielocytic leukemia: 14 years experience at the University Hospital, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • : e18006 Background: Acute promielocytic leukemias (APL) are a unique example in carcinogenesis, of maturation arrest at the promielocytic stage, associated with a chromosomal reciprocal translocation of a portion of chromosome 15 and 17 with the formation of fusion proteins between the PML gene and the alpha-retinoic acid receptor site.
  • METHODS: Since 1994 when transretinoic acid (ATRA) became available to us, we developed a protocol incorporating this drug to the standard regime of induction chemotherapy for acute leukemias used in our institution of 7 days of continuous infusion of cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) and three days of daunorubicine (7+3), starting the ATRA on day 14 at 45 mg/m2 and continued daily for 120 days.

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  • (PMID = 27963993.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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19. Tagawa ST, Parmar S, Pena J, Petrillo K, Matulich D, Selzer J, Vallabhajosula S, Goldsmith SJ, Bander NH, Nanus DM: Bone marrow recovery and subsequent chemotherapy following radiolabeled anti-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) monoclonal antibody J591 in patients (pts) with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (metCRPC). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e16004

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Cases of marrow damage, including myelodysplasia and acute leukemia have been reported with the RIT most used to date (that targeting CD20 in Non- Hodgkin's lymphoma), though no statistically significant association exists.
  • Specific searches for subsequent myelodysplasia and/or leukemia were performed.
  • No cases of post-RIT myelodysplasia and/or leukemia were discovered.

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  • (PMID = 27962929.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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20. Ghavamzadeh A, Allahyari A, Alimoghaddam K, Karimi A, Shamshiri A, Abolhasani R, Manookian A, Asadi M, Khatami F: Outpatient versus inpatient autologous stem cell transplantation for malignant hematologic disorders. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7042

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Outpatient versus inpatient autologous stem cell transplantation for malignant hematologic disorders.
  • : 7042 Background: High-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell support is utilized for the treatment of a variety of malignancies including Hodgkin/non-Hodgkins lymphoma and acute leukemias.
  • The aim of this study was to compare the time of engraftment and mortality rate and cost of neutropenic treatment in outpatient versus inpatient autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT).
  • They received conditioning regimen (CEAM for NHL and HL, busulfan and etoposide for AML) and stem cell infusion in hospital.

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  • (PMID = 27961405.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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21. Kadia TM, Faderl S, Estrov Z, Konopleva M, George S, Lee W, Puzanov I, Chen A, Kantarjian H, Ravandi F: Final results of phase I and pharmacokinetic study of SJG-136 administered on a daily x 5 schedule. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e13506

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Here we report the results of a CTEP-sponsored phase I trial of SJG-136 administered on a daily x 5 schedule in pts with relapsed or refractory (R/R) leukemias.
  • METHODS: Previously treated pts with R/R acute leukemias (AML, ALL, high risk MDS, CML blast phase) or R/R CLL with adequate organ function and ECOG performance status of ≤ 2 were eligible for the study.
  • Other manifestations of vascular leak including grade I, II hypoalbuminemia, edema, and pleural effusions were seen in a number of patients starting at dose level 24 mcg/m<sup>2</sup> and above.
  • Other non-dose limiting toxicities included nausea, dyspnea, fatigue, bloating, and insomnia.
  • One pt had a PR, 8 pts had stable disease, and 6 had progression.
  • CONCLUSIONS: SJG-136 is safe and active in patients with advanced leukemias.

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  • (PMID = 27961262.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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22. Duhoux F, Libouton J, Bahloula K, Ameye G, Poirel HA: Identification by FISH of 4 novel partner loci of PRDM16 in myeloid malignancies. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):11037

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : 11037 Background: PRDM16 is a gene located on 1p36.32 that encodes for a zinc finger transcription factor and contains an N-terminal PR domain.
  • It has been shown to be involved in the reciprocal translocation t(1;3)(p36;q21) and more rarely the t(1;21)(p36;q22) which both occur in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemias (AML).
  • These translocations result in the overexpression of a truncated version of the PRDM16 protein that lacks the PR domain.
  • METHODS: We studied 35 myeloid malignancies, 12 lymphoid malignancies and 3 undifferentiated acute leukemias with 1p36 abnormalities by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with a bacterial artificial chromosomes (BAC) contig containing 50 BAC probes on 1p36.
  • We identified the respective candidate partner loci : TEL/ETV6, IKZF1, CDH4 and a non-coding unknown sequence.
  • Interestingly, the shortest isoform of MDS/EVI-1, lacking the PR domain, is supposed to have an oncogenic effect due to its translocation-induced upregulation in AML.

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  • (PMID = 27964015.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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23. Faderl S, Thomas DA, Gandhi V, Huang X, Borthakur G, O'Brien S, Ravandi F, Plunkett W, Bretz JL, Kantarjian HM: Results of a phase I study of clofarabine (CLO) plus cyclophosphamide (CY) in adult patients (pts) with relapsed and/or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7020

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Results of a phase I study of clofarabine (CLO) plus cyclophosphamide (CY) in adult patients (pts) with relapsed and/or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • Twenty-one pts had pre-B ALL, 5 pts pre-T/T ALL, 1 pt mature B ALL, and 3 pts biphenotypic acute leukemias.
  • One (20%) pt in cohort 1 and 9 (36%) in cohort 2 experienced DLTs (≥ grade 3) including transaminase elevations, diarrhea, hyperbilirubinemia, and (1 pt each) elevation of creatinine/renal failure, lipase elevation, rash, nausea/vomiting.

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  • (PMID = 27961382.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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24. Pratz KW, Cho E, Karp J, Levis M, Zhao M, Rudek M, Wright J, Smith BD: Phase I dose escalation trial of sorafenib as a single agent for adults with relapsed and refractory acute leukemias. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7065

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase I dose escalation trial of sorafenib as a single agent for adults with relapsed and refractory acute leukemias.
  • Based on preclinical activity in FLT3 mutant AML, sorafenib was studied in refractory acute leukemia.
  • METHODS: The primary objective was to determine the safety and tolerability of sorafenib in refractory acute leukemias.
  • No patients met criteria for complete or partial response, but 11 of 15 (73%) patients experienced stable disease as best response, with 6 showing a reduction in bone marrow blasts after only one cycle, half of who experienced a >50% reduction in bone marrow blasts.
  • Interestingly, 2 pts with FLT3-ITD mutations both showed marrow blast response (1 pt >50%).
  • Clinical activity as a single agent was limited to transient reductions in bone marrow blast counts and dose escalation was limited due to toxicities.

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  • (PMID = 27961441.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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25. Bloomfield CD: Importance of genetic heterogeneity in curing adult acute leukemia (AL). J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):s1

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Importance of genetic heterogeneity in curing adult acute leukemia (AL).
  • Publication of the French-American-British classification 34 years ago resulted in acceptance that morphology and cytochemistry separated AL into two different diseases, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), that required separate treatment.
  • The most striking example of increased curability of AL is acute promyelocytic leukemia, in which targeted therapy combined with chemotherapy has increased survival from a 2-week median to an 80% cure rate.
  • Recognition of increased sensitivity of a genetic subtype of AML to high-dose cytarabine (HiDAC) has increased the cure rate of core-binding factor (CBF) AML from <10%-25% to 55%-60%.
  • Among adult de novo AML 40%-45% are cytogenetically normal (CN); the striking molecular heterogeneity of CN-AML is now being recognized and promises to allow individualized approaches that improve substantially upon the current cure rate of 40%.
  • New approaches to studying the leukemia genome and epigenome should improve our understanding of AL heterogeneity, identify new therapeutic targets, and allow the cure of most patients.

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  • (PMID = 27962366.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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26. Pigazzi M, Manara E, Baron E, Beghin A, Basso G: The inducible cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate early repressor (ICER) enhances drug sensitivity in acute myeloid leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e22045

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The inducible cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate early repressor (ICER) enhances drug sensitivity in acute myeloid leukemia.
  • CREB was previously demonstrated to be overexpressed in acute leukemia, whereas ICER was found rapidly degradated being unable to control gene transcription.
  • ICER exogenous expression was demonstrated to repress CREB targets preventing leukemia progression.
  • We hypothesized that ICER restoration deserves a special consideration for playing a role in CREB oncogenic feature and in modeling leukemic cell phenotype.
  • We monitored transcription and translation of a series of genes involved in different pathways by quantitative gene expression and western blot analysis.
  • We investigate ICER's role in cell death after treatment with chemotherapic drugs.
  • RESULTS: We revealed that ICER was able to control gene expression in leukemia, principally of genes involved in cell death and survival.
  • Cell cycle analyses revealed a block in G2 phase, a lowered cell proliferation and clonogenic potential with respect to HL60 treated at the same conditions.

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  • (PMID = 27963227.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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27. Nikolic NM, Tomasevic Z, Jelic S: Secondary malignancies developing during metastatic breast cancer treatment. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e12020

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • : e12020 Background: Secondary malignancies (SM) developing during metastatic breast cancer (MBC) are obviously more complicated for diagnosis, potential surgery and for further MBC treatment.
  • Patients with contra-lateral BC and acute leukemia were excluded.
  • CONCLUSIONS: According to our experience, SM develops more frequently in MBC than in non MBC patients, representing 60% (30/50 patients) of all SM in BC patients; 46.6% (14/30) of SM diagnosed during MBC could be surgically resected, and does not influence further MBC treatment.

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  • (PMID = 27964310.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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28. Rangarajan B, Prabhash K, Nair R, Menon H, Jain P, Kannan S, Jeevangi NK, Bagal B, Parikh PM, Kurkure PA: Rater. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e20678

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Inclusion criteria were diagnosis of hematolymphoid malignancy, neutropenic febrile episode secondary to chemotherapy or during induction therapy of acute leukemia and more than 18 years of age All patients were risk stratified, hospitalized and treated with broad-spectrum, empiric, intravenous antibiotic therapy until recovery or outcome of the event.
  • We subsequently analyzed the subset of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) patients as they were the majority comprising of 62/81 episodes.

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  • (PMID = 27961676.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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29. Mayer F, Weidmann J, Federmann B, Schwarz S, Hartmann JT, Kanz L, Bethge W: Clinical impact and follow-up of taste disturbances following myeloablative or nonmyeloablative chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):e20609

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Clinical impact and follow-up of taste disturbances following myeloablative or nonmyeloablative chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation.
  • : e20609 Background: Stem cell transplantation (SCT) after myeloablative (MA) or non-myeloablative (NMA) chemotherapy is a successful treatment option for a variety of diseases.
  • Indications for SCT included acute leukemia (n=38), myeloproliferative disease (n=20), lymphoma (n=13), and others (n=29).
  • 75% of pts reported moderate to severe changes in taste perception on a semiquantitative visual analogue scale during the acute phase of SCT with no differences between the three groups (73%, 79%, 75%).
  • The lower incidence of persiting changes in taste perception after autologous SCT might be attributed to the absence of graft versus host disease or the dispensability of immunosuppression.

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  • (PMID = 27961552.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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30. Plunkett W, Thomas DA, O'Brien SM, Federl S, Giles FJ, Nicol SJ, Gill J, Zhao L, Ravandi F, Kantarjian H: Phase I study of pemetrexed in patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia or lymphoid blast phase chronic myelogenous leukemia. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):7068

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Phase I study of pemetrexed in patients with relapsed or refractory acute leukemia or lymphoid blast phase chronic myelogenous leukemia.
  • The purpose of this phase I trial was to define the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and recommended phase II dose (RP2D) of pemetrexed given with vitamin supplementation to patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia.
  • METHODS: Patients ≥15 years of age were enrolled with relapsed or refractory leukemia, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤2, adequate renal and hepatic function, and life expectancy of ≥6 weeks.
  • RESULTS: Twenty-two patients entered the trial; median age was 50 years (range: 18-75); 15 patients had acute myeloid leukemia and 7 patients had acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL).
  • Two patients died during the study due to disease progression and 1 patient discontinued due to a subdural hematoma of unknown cause.

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  • (PMID = 27961463.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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31. Rao SR, Hassett M, Schwartz JH, Maloney B, Jacobson JO: Admissions for chemotherapy-related serious adverse effects (CR-SAEs) and rates of mortality among community cancer center patients. J Clin Oncol; 2009 May 20;27(15_suppl):6571

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of adult cancer patients (excluding acute leukemia and stem cell transplant patients) admitted to a community hospital January 2003-December 2006.
  • We identified the type of SAE, outcome of each admission, time form chemotherapy to admission and from admission to discharge/death, and the disease and treatment characteristics of each patient.
  • The average time from chemotherapy to admission was shorter for fatal vs. non-fatal admissions (3.6 vs. 7.7 days; p<.01).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Fatalities during admissions for CR-SAE's in a community cancer center are relatively uncommon and are not associated with age or type of SAE/cancer.

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  • (PMID = 27963798.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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32. Oztürkmen S, Akyay A, Biçakçi Z, Karakoç Y, Arikan SM, Celebi-Tayfur A, Ağladioğlu S, Olcay L: Delayed diagnosis of acute leukemia in a patient with bone pain and fracture. Turk J Pediatr; 2010 Sep-Oct;52(5):552-5
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Arm Injuries and Disorders.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Delayed diagnosis of acute leukemia in a patient with bone pain and fracture.
  • In childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), non-hematological manifestations involving the musculoskeletal system can also be encountered.
  • These manifestations may cause a delay in the diagnosis of leukemia.
  • This case is presented to draw attention to the fact that leukemia must be considered in pediatric patients who present with bone manifestations.
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Diseases, Metabolic / etiology. Fractures, Spontaneous / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications. Radius Fractures / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Child. Delayed Diagnosis. Humans. Male

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  • (PMID = 21434546.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4301
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk. J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
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33. Ziegler S, Sperr WR, Knöbl P, Lehr S, Weltermann A, Jäger U, Valent P, Lechner K: Symptomatic venous thromboembolism in acute leukemia. Incidence, risk factors, and impact on prognosis. Thromb Res; 2005;115(1-2):59-64
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  • [Title] Symptomatic venous thromboembolism in acute leukemia. Incidence, risk factors, and impact on prognosis.
  • No systematic study on the incidence and prognostic impact of venous thromboembolism in acute leukemia has been performed as yet.
  • We retrospectively evaluated the incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism before chemotherapy in 719 patients (371 males and 348 females, median age of 57.4 years), diagnosed with acute leukemia [534 with acute myelogenous leukemia, 185 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • Fifteen patients (2.09%) had venous thromboembolism (objectively confirmed in 13 patients) in close temporal relationship to the onset of acute leukemia.
  • The incidence of venous thromboembolism was the same in acute myelogenous and lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Venous thromboembolism occurred in all subtypes of acute leukemia, but was most common in promyelocytic leukemia.
  • Overall, survival, disease-free survival, and remission duration did not differ between the patient groups with and without venous thromboembolism.
  • In contrast to solid tumors, venous thromboembolism before or at diagnosis of acute leukemia is not associated with poor prognosis.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / complications. Thromboembolism / etiology. Venous Thrombosis / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Anticoagulants / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Incidence. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / epidemiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Male. Middle Aged. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / etiology. Prognosis. Remission Induction. Retrospective Studies. Risk Factors. Survival Analysis

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  • (PMID = 15567454.001).
  • [ISSN] 0049-3848
  • [Journal-full-title] Thrombosis research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thromb. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticoagulants; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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34. Kirschnerová G, Tóthová A, Babusíková O: Amplification of AML1 gene in association with karyotype, age and diagnosis in acute leukemia patients. Neoplasma; 2006;53(2):150-4
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Amplification of AML1 gene in association with karyotype, age and diagnosis in acute leukemia patients.
  • AML1 is normally expressed in all hematopoietic lineages and is essential for the transcriptional regulation of a number of hematopoietic specific genes.
  • In acute leukemia three types of abnormality of AML1 have been observed -- chromosomal translocations, point mutation and duplication or amplification of the unrearranged gene.
  • The most common origin of extra copies of the AML1 gene is polysomy of chromosome 21 or a partial duplication of the long arm of chromosome 21, less frequently ring, isochromosome or the tandem repetition of chromosome 21.
  • [MeSH-major] Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit / genetics. Gene Amplification. Leukemia / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Child. Child, Preschool. Chromosome Aberrations. Female. Humans. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence. Karyotyping. Male. Middle Aged

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  • (PMID = 16575471.001).
  • [ISSN] 0028-2685
  • [Journal-full-title] Neoplasma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Neoplasma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Slovakia
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit; 0 / RUNX1 protein, human
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35. Iwasaki T, Sugisaki C, Nagata K, Takagi K, Takagi A, Kojima T, Ito M, Nakamura S, Naoe T, Murate T: Wilms' tumor 1 message and protein expression in bone marrow failure syndrome and acute leukemia. Pathol Int; 2007 Oct;57(10):645-51
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  • [Title] Wilms' tumor 1 message and protein expression in bone marrow failure syndrome and acute leukemia.
  • Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1) is a useful marker for the diagnosis of acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).
  • An increase of all three WT1 messages in high-grade MDS and acute leukemia was observed as compared with the normal control, whereas there was no significant difference in WT1 message between AA and RA, suggesting that WT1 message is not a good tool to discriminate AA and RA.
  • Positive immunostaining of WT1 was observed only in the portion of acute leukemia and overt leukemia (OL) transformed from MDS with a high WT1 message level, suggesting the relatively high detection threshold of WT1 protein with the immunostaining method.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / metabolism. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. WT1 Proteins
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Anemia, Aplastic / genetics. Anemia, Aplastic / metabolism. Anemia, Aplastic / pathology. Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts / genetics. Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts / metabolism. Biomarkers, Tumor / genetics. Biomarkers, Tumor / metabolism. Diagnosis, Differential. Female. Humans. Immunoenzyme Techniques. Male. Middle Aged. RNA, Neoplasm / analysis


36. Eapen M, Rubinstein P, Zhang MJ, Camitta BM, Stevens C, Cairo MS, Davies SM, Doyle JJ, Kurtzberg J, Pulsipher MA, Ortega JJ, Scaradavou A, Horowitz MM, Wagner JE: Comparable long-term survival after unrelated and HLA-matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantations for acute leukemia in children younger than 18 months. J Clin Oncol; 2006 Jan 1;24(1):145-51
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  • [Title] Comparable long-term survival after unrelated and HLA-matched sibling donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantations for acute leukemia in children younger than 18 months.
  • PURPOSE: To describe outcomes after unrelated donor stem cell transplantation (HCT) in children (< 18 months at diagnosis) with acute leukemia and compare these with outcomes after human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor HCT.
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: We compared the results of unrelated donor HCT with bone marrow (n = 85) or cord blood grafts (n = 81) and HLA-matched sibling donor HCT with bone marrow grafts (n = 101) for acute myeloid or acute lymphoblastic leukemia using Cox proportional hazards models.
  • Unrelated donor HCT recipients were younger, more likely to have MLL gene rearrangement, to have advanced leukemia, and to receive irradiation before HCT.
  • Risks of relapse, overall and leukemia-free survival were significantly associated with disease status at transplantation.
  • Though leukemia recurrence was lowest after unrelated donor HCT in first clinical remission (CR), overall survival, and leukemia-free survival rates were similar after matched sibling and unrelated donor HCT, after adjustment for disease status.
  • Relapse, overall and leukemia-free survival did not differ by graft type (bone marrow v cord blood) or type of leukemia.
  • Three-year probabilities of leukemia-free survival were 49% and 54% after HLA-matched sibling and unrelated donor transplantation in first CR, respectively.
  • Corresponding rates for those with advanced leukemia were 20% and 30%.
  • CONCLUSION: Unrelated donor HCT should be considered for infants with acute leukemia in first CR using the same eligibility criteria as are currently used for those with HLA matched sibling donors.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Histocompatibility Testing. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Female. Graft vs Host Disease / epidemiology. Humans. Infant. Infant, Newborn. Male. Neutrophils / physiology. Platelet Count. Recurrence. Siblings. Survivors

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  • (PMID = 16382124.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24-CA76518
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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37. Zhao Y, Li HH, Bo J, Jing Y, Wang SH, Wang QS, Dou LP, Sun JF, Yu L: [Investigation on MS-PCR as a method for detecting minimal residual disease in acute leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2009 Apr;17(2):455-8
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  • [Title] [Investigation on MS-PCR as a method for detecting minimal residual disease in acute leukemia].
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility of monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) of leukemia with methylation specified-polymerase chain reaction (MS-PCR).
  • The MS-PCR technique was used to detect the methylation status of Id4 gene in different ratios of leukemia cells.
  • In conclusion, the MS-PCR technique can detect the Id4 gene methylation in leukemia cell sample containing 0.1% of HL-60 cells, moreover the Id4 gene methylation in various leukemia cells shows no significant difference, thereby use of MS-PCR to detect the Id4 methylation level may be a potential approach for monitoring of MRD.
  • Id4 gene promoter methylation is a candidate of biomarker for MRD detection in acute leukemias.

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  • (PMID = 19379587.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ID4 protein, human; 0 / Inhibitor of Differentiation Proteins
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38. Nowakowska-Kopera A, Sacha T, Florek I, Zawada M, Czekalska S, Skotnicki AB: Wilms' tumor gene 1 expression analysis by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction for monitoring of minimal residual disease in acute leukemia. Leuk Lymphoma; 2009 Aug;50(8):1326-32
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  • [Title] Wilms' tumor gene 1 expression analysis by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction for monitoring of minimal residual disease in acute leukemia.
  • Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) gene expression was analyzed in 32 patient with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 18 with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) to investigate whether it could serve as a MRD marker.
  • Ninety-four percent of patients with acute leukemia showed high WT1 expression at presentation.
  • WT1 expression analysis could be a useful tool for MRD monitoring in acute leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Genes, Wilms Tumor. Leukemia, Myeloid / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. WT1 Proteins / biosynthesis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Computer Systems. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Humans. Kaplan-Meier Estimate. Male. Middle Aged. Neoplasm, Residual / chemistry. Neoplasm, Residual / diagnosis. Prognosis. Proportional Hazards Models. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19811333.001).
  • [ISSN] 1029-2403
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia & lymphoma
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Lymphoma
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / WT1 Proteins
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39. El-Ziny MA, Al-Tonbary YA, Salama OS, Bakr AA, Al-Marsafawy H, Elsharkawy AA: Low turnover bone disease in Egyptian children with acute leukemia. Hematology; 2005 Aug;10(4):327-33
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Low turnover bone disease in Egyptian children with acute leukemia.
  • The aim of this work was to study bone turnover markers, calcium homeostasis and bone mineral density (BMD) in children with acute leukemia at diagnosis, after induction chemotherapy, and during maintenance therapy to delineate abnormalities present.
  • After evaluation of L2-L4 BMD using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in patients with acute myeloid and lymphoid leukemia at presentation and after treatment, the results were compared to 352 healthy age- and sex-matched Egyptian controls.
  • Osteopenia was observed at diagnosis and during treatment in patients with acute leukemia.
  • At diagnosis osteopenia was observed in 27 patients (62.8%): 10 (23.3%) had non severe osteopenia and 17 (39.5%) had severe osteopenia.
  • Parathyroid hormone (PTH) (pg/ml) levels demonstrated non significant differences between children with acute leukemia at different stages of therapy and controls, while, 25 (OH) D3 (ng/ml) was significantly lower in acute leukemia patients at different stages of therapy compared to controls (p<0.001).
  • Osteocalcin (ng/ml) is significantly lower in patients at different stages of the disease compared to controls (p<0.001) but there was no significant difference between patients at different stages of therapy.
  • Deoxy-pyridoline cross links showed non-significant difference between the different types of acute leukemia and with controls.
  • Osteopenia is a significant problem in children with acute leukemia at presentation and after chemotherapy.
  • Osteopenia in acute leukemia appears to be of the low turnover type (decreased osteoblastic activity and decreased bone mineralization).
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Density. Bone Diseases, Metabolic / blood. Bone Remodeling. Leukemia / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Child. Child, Preschool. Cholecalciferol / blood. Egypt. Humans. Infant. Male. Osteoblasts / metabolism. Osteocalcin / blood. Parathyroid Hormone / blood

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  • (PMID = 16085546.001).
  • [ISSN] 1024-5332
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Parathyroid Hormone; 104982-03-8 / Osteocalcin; 1C6V77QF41 / Cholecalciferol
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40. Mullighan CG: Genomic analysis of acute leukemia. Int J Lab Hematol; 2009 Aug;31(4):384-97
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  • [Title] Genomic analysis of acute leukemia.
  • Acute leukemia is the commonest childhood cancer and a major cause of morbidity from hematologic malignancies in adults.
  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is commonest in children, and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is more frequent in adults.
  • Apart from childhood ALL, the prognosis of acute leukemia is suboptimal, with many patients experiencing relapse, which carries a poor prognosis, or toxicities from nonspecific therapies.
  • Recent years have witnessed great interest in the application of high-resolution, genome wide approaches to the study of acute leukemia.
  • These studies have identified multiple novel genetic alterations targeting critical cellular pathways that contribute to leukemogenesis, including alterations of genes regulating lymphoid development, tumor suppressors, apoptosis regulators, and oncogenes.
  • These studies have also delineated novel genetic alterations that are associated with prognosis, and have demonstrated substantial evolution in patterns of genetic alterations from diagnosis to relapse, indicating that specific genetic changes determine resistance to therapy in ALL.
  • These studies have demonstrated the power of genome-wide approaches to identify new lesions in acute leukemia, and suggest that ongoing genomic analyses, including deep resequencing and epigenetic analysis, will continue to yield novel, clinically relevant insights into the pathogenesis of this disease.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19486196.001).
  • [ISSN] 1751-553X
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of laboratory hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Lab Hematol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 112
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41. Gong H, Liu W, Zhou J, Xu H: Methylation of gene CHFR promoter in acute leukemia cells. J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci; 2005;25(3):240-2
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  • [Title] Methylation of gene CHFR promoter in acute leukemia cells.
  • In order to explore whether gene CHFR was inactivated by methylation in leukemia cells, the expression of CHFR was examined before and after treatment with demethylation agent in Molt-4, Jurkat and U937 leukemia cell lines by means of RT-PCR.
  • The methylation of promoter in Molt-4, Jurkat and U937 cells as well as 41 acute leukemia patients was analyzed by MS-PCR.
  • CHFR promoter methylation was detected in 39% of acute leukemia patients.
  • There was no difference in incidence of CHFR promoter methylation between acute myelocytic leukemia and acute lymphocytic leukemia.
  • In conclusion, CHFR is frequently inactivated in acute leukemia and is a good candidate for the leukemia supper gene.
  • By affecting mitotic checkpoint function, CHFR inactivation likely plays a key role in tumorigenesis in acute leukemia.
  • Moreover, the methylation of gene CHFR appears to be a good index with which to predict the sensitivity of acute leukemia to microtubule inhibitors.
  • [MeSH-major] Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics. DNA Methylation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Neoplasm Proteins / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics. Promoter Regions, Genetic / genetics

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  • (PMID = 16201259.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-0733
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical sciences = Hua zhong ke ji da xue xue bao. Yi xue Ying De wen ban = Huazhong keji daxue xuebao. Yixue Yingdewen ban
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Huazhong Univ. Sci. Technol. Med. Sci.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CHFR protein, human; 0 / Cell Cycle Proteins; 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins
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42. Ratei R, Karawajew L, Lacombe F, Jagoda K, Del Poeta G, Kraan J, De Santiago M, Kappelmayer J, Björklund E, Ludwig WD, Gratama JW, Orfao A, European Working Group of Clinical Cell Analysis: Discriminant function analysis as decision support system for the diagnosis of acute leukemia with a minimal four color screening panel and multiparameter flow cytometry immunophenotyping. Leukemia; 2007 Jun;21(6):1204-11
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Discriminant function analysis as decision support system for the diagnosis of acute leukemia with a minimal four color screening panel and multiparameter flow cytometry immunophenotyping.
  • Despite several recommendations for standardization of multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) the number, specificity and combinations of reagents used by diagnostic laboratories for the diagnosis and classification of acute leukemias (AL) are still very diverse.
  • We determined the potential value of a minimal four-color combination panel of 13 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with a CD45/sideward light scatter-gating strategy for a standardized MFC immunophenotyping of the clinically most relevant subgroups of AL.
  • Bone marrow samples from 155 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML, n=79), B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL, n=29), T-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL, n=12) and normal bone marrow donors (NBMD, n=35) were analyzed.
  • A knowledge-based learning algorithm was generated by comparing the results of the minimal panel with the actual diagnosis, using discriminative function analysis.
  • [MeSH-major] Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted / methods. Flow Cytometry / methods. Leukemia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Algorithms. Antibodies, Monoclonal. Bone Marrow / pathology. Cell Lineage. Color. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Reference Standards

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  • (PMID = 17410192.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal
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43. Yetgin S, Kuskonmaz B, Aytaç S, Tavil B: An unusual case of reactive lymphocytosis mimicking acute leukemia. Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2007 Mar;24(2):129-35

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  • [Title] An unusual case of reactive lymphocytosis mimicking acute leukemia.
  • The diagnosis of acute leukemia is based on a combination of clinical, hematological, morphological, cytogenetic, and immunophenotypic data.
  • The authors report a case of reactive lymphocytosis with extremely elevated lymphocytic and lymphoblastic leukocytosis that mimicked acute lymphoblastic leukemia, not only morphologically, but also in immunophenotypic analysis.
  • They could not determine any underlying disease marker other than infectious symptoms that were present for 20 days prior to presentation to their clinic.
  • Although this case presented with extremely high lymphocytic leukocytosis, the patient had normal blood cell lineage, a moderate level of blastic cells in bone marrow, and normal physical findings.
  • [MeSH-major] Lymphocytosis / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Marrow / pathology. Child, Preschool. Diagnosis, Differential. Humans. Immunophenotyping. Male

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  • (PMID = 17454779.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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44. Chandrasekar P: Prophylaxis against Aspergillus is not perfect: problems and perils in stem cell transplantation. Med Mycol; 2009;47 Suppl 1:S349-54
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  • [Title] Prophylaxis against Aspergillus is not perfect: problems and perils in stem cell transplantation.
  • Availability of newer, well tolerated anti-Aspergillus drugs at a time of rising prevalence of invasive aspergillosis has sparked enthusiasm for chemoprophylaxis against Aspergillus in allogeneic stem cell recipients.
  • Posaconazole, approved for prophylaxis in allogeneic stem cell recipients with graft versus host disease and in those with acute leukemia, is of promise but has a limitation relating to its oral bioavailability.
  • [MeSH-major] Aspergillosis / prevention & control. Chemoprevention / methods. Stem Cell Transplantation / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 18663660.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2709
  • [Journal-full-title] Medical mycology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Mycol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 33
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45. Kaćanski N, Konstantinidis N, Kolarović J, Slavković B, Vujić D: [Biphenotypic acute leukaemia: case reports of two paediatric patients]. Med Pregl; 2010 Nov-Dec;63(11-12):867-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Biphenotypic acute leukaemia: case reports of two paediatric patients].
  • INTRODUCTION: Biphenotypic acute leukaemia is an uncommon type of leukaemia whose blasts co-express myeloid and B-or T-lymphoid antigens.
  • CASE REPORT: We describe two cases of paediatric patients with biphenotypic acute leukaemia.
  • A four-year-old female patient was found to have myeloid and B-lymphoid associated antigens in the same blast cells.
  • Cytogenetic analysis showed a Philadelphia (Ph) positivity t (9;22) (q34;q1l1 with rearrangements of M.bcr-Abl (p210).
  • She was treated with combined acute myeloid leukaemia/acute lymphoblastic leukaemia induction therapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation.
  • The patient died due to the complications of stem cell transplantation procedure.
  • Another patient was a 20-month-old girl with myeloid and T-lymphoid associated antigens in the blast cells and with normal karyotype.
  • She received acute myeloid leukaemia induction therapy.
  • DISCUSSION: Immunophenotype is essential to establish the diagnosis of biphenotypic acute leukaemia according to the scoring system adopted by the European Group of Immunological Classification of Leukaemia.
  • There is no agreement about uniformity in treatment for the patients with this type of leukaemia.
  • Biphenotypic acute leukaemia is a high risk leukaemia which requires a more intensive treatment.
  • CONCLUSION: Therapy for every patient with biphenotypic acute leukaemia should depend on their immunophenotype and gene rearrangement profiles.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 21553470.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-8105
  • [Journal-full-title] Medicinski pregled
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. Pregl.
  • [Language] srp
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Serbia
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46. Zhou RQ, Gong YP, Zheng BH, Yang X: [Effects of bortezomib combined with daunorubicin on proliferation and apoptosis in primary adult acute leukemia]. Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban; 2010 Sep;41(5):789-92
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  • [Title] [Effects of bortezomib combined with daunorubicin on proliferation and apoptosis in primary adult acute leukemia].
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess effects of proteasome inhibitor Bortezomib (Bor) in combination with Daunorubicin (DNR) on proliferation, apoptosis and the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA in primary leukemia cells in vitro.
  • METHODS: Primary leukemia cells were isolated from bone marrow of adult acute leukemia patients using Ficoll liquid, then the primary leukemia cells were treated with different concentration of these two drugs (Bor 5, 10, 20, 50 nmol/L, DNR 50, 100, 200, 500 nmol/L, and Bor 5, 10 nmol/L combined with DNR 50, 100, 200, 500 nmol/L respectively ).
  • RESULTS: Growth inhibition ratio of all the types of acute leukemia cells were increased with the treatment of DNR and Bor in dose-dependent manner.
  • CONCLUSION: Bor combined with DNR shows synergetic effect in promoting the apoptosis of adult acute leukemia primary cells as well as inhibitory effect on the proliferation of leukemia cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Apoptosis / drug effects. Boronic Acids / pharmacology. Daunorubicin / pharmacology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / pathology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. Pyrazines / pharmacology

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  • (PMID = 21302442.001).
  • [ISSN] 1672-173X
  • [Journal-full-title] Sichuan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Sichuan University. Medical science edition
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Boronic Acids; 0 / Pyrazines; 69G8BD63PP / Bortezomib; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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47. Rudant J, Orsi L, Menegaux F, Petit A, Baruchel A, Bertrand Y, Lambilliotte A, Robert A, Michel G, Margueritte G, Tandonnet J, Mechinaud F, Bordigoni P, Hémon D, Clavel J: Childhood acute leukemia, early common infections, and allergy: The ESCALE Study. Am J Epidemiol; 2010 Nov 1;172(9):1015-27
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  • [Title] Childhood acute leukemia, early common infections, and allergy: The ESCALE Study.
  • This study investigated the role of factors considered related to early stimulation of the immune system in the etiology of childhood acute leukemia.
  • Included were 634 acute lymphoblastic leukemia cases, 86 acute myeloblastic leukemia cases, and 1,494 controls aged ≥1 year.
  • Negative associations were observed between acute lymphoblastic leukemia and birth order (P for trend < 0.0001), attendance at a day-care center before age 1 year (odds ratio (OR) = 0.8, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.6, 1.1), prolonged breastfeeding (OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.5, 1.0), repeated early common infections (OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.6, 0.9), regular contact with farm animals (OR = 0.6, 95% CI: 0.5, 0.8), frequent farm visits in early life (OR = 0.4, 95% CI: 0.3, 0.6), and history of asthma (OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.4, 1.0) or eczema (OR = 0.7, 95% CI: 0.6, 0.9).
  • Results support the hypothesis that repeated early infections and asthma may play a role against childhood acute leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Hypersensitivity / epidemiology. Infection / epidemiology. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / epidemiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20807738.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-6256
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of epidemiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Epidemiol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
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48. Dincaslan HU, Yavuz G, Unal E, Tacyildiz N, Ikinciogullari A, Dogu F, Guloglu D, Yuksek N, Ertem U: Does serum soluble vascular endothelial growth factor levels have different importance in pediatric acute leukemia and malignant lymphoma patients? Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Oct;27(7):503-16
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  • [Title] Does serum soluble vascular endothelial growth factor levels have different importance in pediatric acute leukemia and malignant lymphoma patients?
  • The aim of the study was to evaluate soluble VEGF (sVEGF) levels in children with acute leukemia and malignant lymphoma (ML) at diagnosis and in remission.
  • The levels of serum sVEGF were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in 20 children with acute leukemia, 33 children with different histopathological subtypes of ML, and 20 healthy controls.
  • The levels of sVEGF at diagnosis (range 2 -1040 pg/mL; median 52 pg/mL) was significantly lower than in remission (range 136 -1960 pg/mL; median 630 pg/mL) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) group (P = .018).
  • The sVEGF levels at diagnosis (range: 2 -640 pg/mL; median 89 pg/mL) was significantly lower compared to remission values (range: 116 -1960 pg/mL; median 136 pg/mL) in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (P = .002).
  • In ML group, including Burkitt's lymphoma (BL), T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), and Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL), sVEGF levels at diagnosis were higher than remission levels, but there was no statistically significant difference (P >.05).
  • On the other hand, there were significant difference between levels in active disease and control group, ie, BL versus control, T-cell NHL versus control, and HL versus control (P = .008, P = .043, P = .007, respectively).
  • The authors noticed that sVEGF levels showed distinct behavioral pattern in different childhood malignancies at diagnosis and in remission.
  • In acute leukemia and ML patients, VEGF acts through different pathophysiological mechanisms, in both bone marrow (BM) angiogenesis and lymphoid tissue lymphangiogenesis.
  • [MeSH-major] Hodgkin Disease / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / blood. Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin / blood. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / blood. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors / blood

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  • (PMID = 20677920.001).
  • [ISSN] 1521-0669
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric hematology and oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Hematol Oncol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors
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49. Duval M, Klein JP, He W, Cahn JY, Cairo M, Camitta BM, Kamble R, Copelan E, de Lima M, Gupta V, Keating A, Lazarus HM, Litzow MR, Marks DI, Maziarz RT, Rizzieri DA, Schiller G, Schultz KR, Tallman MS, Weisdorf D: Hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation for acute leukemia in relapse or primary induction failure. J Clin Oncol; 2010 Aug 10;28(23):3730-8
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  • [Title] Hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation for acute leukemia in relapse or primary induction failure.
  • PURPOSE: Patients with acute leukemia refractory to induction or reinduction chemotherapy have poor prognoses if they do not undergo hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT).
  • PATIENTS AND METHODS: Overall, 2,255 patients who underwent transplantation for acute leukemia in relapse or with primary induction failure after myeloablative conditioning regimen between 1995 and 2004 were reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research.
  • RESULTS: The 3-year overall survival (OS) rates were 19% for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 16% for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • HSCT during relapse can achieve long-term survival in selected patients with acute leukemia.

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  • (PMID = 20625136.001).
  • [ISSN] 1527-7755
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Clin. Oncol.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NHLBI NIH HHS / HL / U01 HL069294; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U24 CA076518
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2917308
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50. Wun T, White RH: Venous thromboembolism in patients with acute leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. Thromb Res; 2010 Apr;125 Suppl 2:S96-102
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  • [Title] Venous thromboembolism in patients with acute leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma.
  • A growing number of studies have demonstrated that the risk of VTE associated with the hematological malignancies acute leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma is considerable.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / complications. Lymphoma / complications. Multiple Myeloma / complications. Venous Thromboembolism / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 20434017.001).
  • [ISSN] 1879-2472
  • [Journal-full-title] Thrombosis research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Thromb. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / UL1 RR024146
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anticoagulants
  • [Number-of-references] 60
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51. Wongprajun S, Auewarakul CU: A method comparison study of flow cytometry and cytomorphology to determine the percentages of blasts in patients with acute leukemia after induction and consolidation chemotherapy. J Med Assoc Thai; 2010 Jan;93 Suppl 1:S157-64
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  • [Title] A method comparison study of flow cytometry and cytomorphology to determine the percentages of blasts in patients with acute leukemia after induction and consolidation chemotherapy.
  • BACKGROUND: Enumeration of blasts in the bone marrow is an essential component in the diagnosis and treatment of acute leukemia.
  • The current gold standard method is based on a morphologic counting of 500 marrow nucleated cells despite its operator dependence and inter-observer variability.
  • OBJECTIVES: To compare the percentages of marrow blasts derived from two different approaches comprising routine morphology-based manual counting and flow cytometric analysis.
  • MATERIAL AND METHOD: Fifty-five marrow samples were collected from 38 acute leukemia patients (36 AML and 19 ALL) after hematologic recovery from chemotherapy.
  • The blast percentages were enumerated manually and by flow cytometer using CD45 and side scatter gates.
  • The blast percentages derived from flow cytometer were higher than from morphologic counting in 46 samples (83.6%).
  • [MeSH-major] Bone Marrow Cells / cytology. Cell Count / methods. Flow Cytometry / methods. Leukemia / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20364570.001).
  • [ISSN] 0125-2208
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Med Assoc Thai
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; EC 3.1.3.48 / Antigens, CD45
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52. Liseth K, Sjo M, Paulsen K, Bruserud Ø, Ersvaer E: Early pre-engraftment, functional, in vitro responsiveness of T lymphocytes in allotransplanted, acute leukemia patients: proliferation and release of a broad profile of cytokines, possibly predictive of graft-versus-host disease. Eur Cytokine Netw; 2010 Mar;21(1):40-9
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  • [Title] Early pre-engraftment, functional, in vitro responsiveness of T lymphocytes in allotransplanted, acute leukemia patients: proliferation and release of a broad profile of cytokines, possibly predictive of graft-versus-host disease.
  • Previous studies of T cell reconstitution following allogeneic stem cell transplantation have described long-lasting T cell defects, including decreased levels of autocrine proliferating CD4+ T cells.
  • However, T cell functions during the early phase of conditioning-induced, pre-engraftment pancytopenia have not been characterized previously.
  • We used a whole blood assay to investigate T cell proliferation and cytokine release during the period of pre-engraftment cytopenia.
  • The study included 13 acute leukemia patients receiving myeloablative conditioning followed by transplantation of G-CSF-mobilised peripheral blood stem cells derived from HLA-matched family donors.
  • The capacity of circulating T cells derived during pre-engraftment cytopenia to release high levels of IFNgamma, IL-6 and IL-17 in response to in vitro activation with anti-CD3+anti-CD28 showed statistically significant correlations with later acute GVHD.
  • We conclude that allotransplanted patients have a functional T cell system even during the pre-engraftment period of severe pancytopenia.
  • [MeSH-major] Cytokines / secretion. Graft vs Host Disease / diagnosis. Graft vs Host Disease / immunology. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / immunology. Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology. T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Cell Proliferation. Female. Humans. Interferon-gamma / immunology. Lymphocyte Activation / immunology. Lymphocyte Count. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. Signal Transduction / immunology. Transplantation Conditioning. Transplantation, Homologous

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  • (PMID = 20146989.001).
  • [ISSN] 1952-4005
  • [Journal-full-title] European cytokine network
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. Cytokine Netw.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] France
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Cytokines; 82115-62-6 / Interferon-gamma
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53. Kim HP, Frankel AE, Hogge DE: A diphtheria toxin interleukin-3 fusion protein synergizes with tyrosine kinase inhibitors in killing leukemic progenitors from BCR/ABL positive acute leukemia. Leuk Res; 2010 Aug;34(8):1035-42
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  • [Title] A diphtheria toxin interleukin-3 fusion protein synergizes with tyrosine kinase inhibitors in killing leukemic progenitors from BCR/ABL positive acute leukemia.
  • Despite initial remissions, most patients with Ph chromosome positive (Ph(+)) acute leukemia (AL) become refractory to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) such as imatinib and dasatinib.
  • IL-3R subunits were detected on most Ph(+) cells and the IC50 for killing of colony forming cell (CFC) with DT(388)IL3 correlated with the level of IL-3Ralpha subunit by FACS.
  • Long-term suspension culture-initiating cells (SC-ICs) and quiescent leukemic cells (G(0) in cell cycle) also were studied and synergistic interactions were again demonstrated.
  • [MeSH-major] Diphtheria Toxin / therapeutic use. Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl / genetics. Interleukin-3 / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Neoplastic Stem Cells / drug effects. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors. Recombinant Fusion Proteins / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Aged. Benzamides. Blotting, Western. Cell Cycle. Cell Proliferation. Cells, Cultured. Dasatinib. Drug Synergism. Female. Flow Cytometry. Humans. Imatinib Mesylate. Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit / genetics. Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit / metabolism. Male. Middle Aged. Piperazines / therapeutic use. Pyrimidines / therapeutic use. RNA, Messenger / genetics. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Thiazoles / therapeutic use

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  • [Copyright] Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20137810.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Benzamides; 0 / Diphtheria Toxin; 0 / IL3RA protein, human; 0 / Interleukin-3; 0 / Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit; 0 / Piperazines; 0 / Pyrimidines; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 0 / Thiazoles; 0 / diphtheria toxin-interleukin-3 fusion protein, recombinant; 8A1O1M485B / Imatinib Mesylate; EC 2.7.10.1 / Protein-Tyrosine Kinases; EC 2.7.10.2 / Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl; RBZ1571X5H / Dasatinib
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54. Apelseth TO, Bruserud O, Wentzel-Larsen T, Hervig T: Therapeutic efficacy of platelet transfusion in patients with acute leukemia: an evaluation of methods. Transfusion; 2010 Apr;50(4):766-75
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  • [Title] Therapeutic efficacy of platelet transfusion in patients with acute leukemia: an evaluation of methods.
  • In this study we evaluate and compare transfusion effect measures in patients with chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia due to treatment of acute leukemia.
  • Patient and PC variables influencing the effect of transfusion were analyzed by use of a mixed-effects model.
  • RESULTS: PLT dose, storage time, and pathogen inactivation correlated with PLT recovery but not with PLT survival (including ITI), TEG, or clinical bleeding.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / adverse effects. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy. Platelet Transfusion / methods. Thrombocytopenia / chemically induced. Thrombocytopenia / therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] ABO Blood-Group System. Blood Platelets / cytology. Blood Platelets / physiology. Body Surface Area. Carbon Dioxide / blood. Cell Survival. Documentation. Female. Hemorrhage / blood. Hemorrhage / chemically induced. Hospitals, University. Humans. Male. Norway. Oxygen / blood. Platelet Count. Prospective Studies

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  • [CommentIn] Transfusion. 2010 Nov;50(11):2504; author reply 2505-6 [21182633.001]
  • (PMID = 20030789.001).
  • [ISSN] 1537-2995
  • [Journal-full-title] Transfusion
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Transfusion
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / ABO Blood-Group System; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 142M471B3J / Carbon Dioxide; S88TT14065 / Oxygen
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55. Steiner M, Attarbaschi A, Dworzak M, Strobl H, Pickl W, Kornmüller R, Haas O, Gadner H, Mann G, Austrian Berlin-Frankfurt-Münster Study Group: Cytochemically myeloperoxidase positive childhood acute leukemia with lymphoblastic morphology treated as lymphoblastic leukemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2010 Jan;32(1):e4-7
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  • [Title] Cytochemically myeloperoxidase positive childhood acute leukemia with lymphoblastic morphology treated as lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • Rarely, cytochemical MPO reaction may be positive in >or=3% of blasts with clear lymphoblastic morphology.
  • We present 5 patients with cytochemically MPO-positive acute leukemia classified as lymphoblastic by cytomorphology and lymphoblastic (n=3) or biphenotypic (n=2) by immunophenotyping, who entered first-line treatment for lymphoblastic leukemia.
  • The former 3 are in first remission and both with biphenotypic leukemia relapsed with acute myeloid leukemia.
  • The study primarily shows that cytochemical MPO expression in childhood acute leukemia revealing typical lymphoblastic morphology and phenotype does rarely exist.
  • Although a small number of patients studied, cytochemical MPO expression in acute leukemia does not seem to require myeloid leukemia treatment in case of otherwise lymphoblastic cytomorphology and phenotype.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Peroxidase / analysis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / pathology

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  • (PMID = 19935430.001).
  • [ISSN] 1536-3678
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 1.11.1.7 / Peroxidase
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56. Kuznetsova NR, Gaenko GP, Khaĭdukov SV, Bovin NV, Vodovozova EL: [The influence of carbohydrate ligands on the cytotoxicity of liposomes bearing a methotrexate-diglyceride conjugate in human acute leukemia cell cultures]. Bioorg Khim; 2009 Jul-Aug;35(4):542-9
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  • [Title] [The influence of carbohydrate ligands on the cytotoxicity of liposomes bearing a methotrexate-diglyceride conjugate in human acute leukemia cell cultures].
  • We had previously shown in vitro using human acute leukemia cells with various sensitivity to MTX (T-lymphoblastic CCRF-CEM line and resistant CEM/MTX subline) that MTX incorporation into liposomes as a lipophilic prodrug, diglyceride conjugate (MTX-DG), allows for the overcoming of cell resistance due to the impaired active transmembrane transport.
  • In this work, we have studied the profile of binding with carbohydrates of the cell lines mentioned using carbohydrate fluorescent probes (poly(acryl amide) conjugates).
  • The cytotoxicity of MTX-DG liposomes equipped with the SiaLe(x) ligand toward the sensitive CCRF-CEM cell culture was demonstrated to be 3.5 times higher than that of MTX-DG liposomes bearing the control inactive pentaol.
  • [MeSH-minor] Biological Transport / drug effects. Cell Culture Techniques. Cell Line, Tumor. Cell Membrane / metabolism. Cell Survival / drug effects. Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor. Flow Cytometry. Fluorescent Dyes. Humans. Ligands. Lipids / chemistry. Liposomes

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  • (PMID = 19928057.001).
  • [ISSN] 0132-3423
  • [Journal-full-title] Bioorganicheskaia khimiia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bioorg. Khim.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Acrylic Resins; 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / Diglycerides; 0 / Fluorescent Dyes; 0 / Ligands; 0 / Lipids; 0 / Liposomes; 9003-05-8 / polyacrylamide; ADK3G923Z3 / diolein; YL5FZ2Y5U1 / Methotrexate
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57. Kim MS, Oh JE, Min CK, Lee S, Chung NG, Yoo NJ, Lee SH: Mutational analysis of CASP10 gene in acute leukaemias and multiple myelomas. Pathology; 2009;41(5):484-7
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  • [Title] Mutational analysis of CASP10 gene in acute leukaemias and multiple myelomas.
  • Inactivation of cancer cell apoptosis by somatic mutations has been reported in several cancers.
  • The aim of this study was to explore whether CASP10 gene that encodes caspase-10 is somatically mutated in acute adulthood leukaemias and multiple myelomas (MMs).
  • METHODS: We analysed the entire coding region and all splice sites of CASP10 gene for the detection of somatic mutations in 60 acute leukaemias (25 acute myelogenous leukaemias, 35 acute lymphoblastic leukaemias) and 22 multiple myelomas by a single-strand conformation polymorphism assay.
  • One mutation [c.854T>C (pLeu285Pro)] was detected in a T-acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL) (1/13 T-ALL; 7.7%).
  • [MeSH-major] Caspase 10 / genetics. Leukemia / genetics. Multiple Myeloma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19900088.001).
  • [ISSN] 1465-3931
  • [Journal-full-title] Pathology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pathology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / CASP10 protein, human; EC 3.4.22.- / Caspase 10
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58. Ono R, Kumagai H, Nakajima H, Hishiya A, Taki T, Horikawa K, Takatsu K, Satoh T, Hayashi Y, Kitamura T, Nosaka T: Mixed-lineage-leukemia (MLL) fusion protein collaborates with Ras to induce acute leukemia through aberrant Hox expression and Raf activation. Leukemia; 2009 Dec;23(12):2197-209
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  • [Title] Mixed-lineage-leukemia (MLL) fusion protein collaborates with Ras to induce acute leukemia through aberrant Hox expression and Raf activation.
  • Mixed-lineage-leukemia (MLL) fusion oncogenes are closely involved in infant acute leukemia, which is frequently accompanied by mutations or overexpression of FMS-like receptor tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3).
  • Earlier studies have shown that MLL fusion proteins induced acute leukemia together with another mutation, such as an FLT3 mutant, in mouse models.
  • Using murine model systems of the MLL-fusion-mediated leukemogenesis leading to oncogenic transformation in vitro and acute leukemia in vivo, this study characterized the molecular network in the cooperative leukemogenesis.
  • This research revealed that MLL fusion proteins cooperated with activation of Ras in vivo, which was substitutable for Raf in vitro, synergistically, but not with activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 5 (STAT5), to induce acute leukemia in vivo as well as oncogenic transformation in vitro.
  • These findings suggest that the molecular crosstalk between aberrant expression of Hox molecule(s) and activated Raf may have a key role in the MLL-fusion-mediated-leukemogenesis, and may thus help develop the novel molecularly targeted therapy against MLL-related leukemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic. Homeodomain Proteins / genetics. Leukemia / etiology. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / physiology. raf Kinases / metabolism. ras Proteins / physiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Animals. Mice. Oncogene Proteins, Fusion. Receptor Cross-Talk

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  • (PMID = 19710696.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-5551
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Homeodomain Proteins; 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion; 0 / homeobox protein HOXA9; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.7.11.1 / raf Kinases; EC 3.6.5.2 / ras Proteins
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59. Nishiuchi T, Ohnishi H, Kamada R, Kikuchi F, Shintani T, Waki F, Kitanaka A, Kubota Y, Tanaka T, Ishida T: Acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage, biphenotype, without CD34, TdT or TCR-rearrangement. Intern Med; 2009;48(16):1437-41

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  • [Title] Acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage, biphenotype, without CD34, TdT or TCR-rearrangement.
  • Biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) is a rare entity that comprises 0.5-3% of all acute leukemias and probably arises from multipotent progenitor cells.
  • We report the case of a 41-year-old man with BAL having myeloid and T-lymphoid lineage phenotypes.
  • This pattern is rarely encountered and suggests that the blast cells were possibly considered immature with aspects of differentiation indicating myeloid lineage, rather than T-lymphoid lineage.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD34 / genetics. Cell Lineage / genetics. DNA Nucleotidylexotransferase / genetics. Gene Rearrangement / genetics. Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute / genetics. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta / genetics. Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19687594.001).
  • [ISSN] 1349-7235
  • [Journal-full-title] Internal medicine (Tokyo, Japan)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Intern. Med.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Japan
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD34; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta; 0 / Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, gamma-delta; EC 2.7.7.31 / DNA Nucleotidylexotransferase
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60. Bacher U, Kohlmann A, Haferlach T: Current status of gene expression profiling in the diagnosis and management of acute leukaemia. Br J Haematol; 2009 Jun;145(5):555-68
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  • [Title] Current status of gene expression profiling in the diagnosis and management of acute leukaemia.
  • Gene expression profiling (GEP) enables the simultaneous investigation of the expression of tens of thousands of genes and was successfully introduced in leukaemia research a decade ago.
  • Aiming to better understand the diversity of genetic aberrations in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), pioneer studies investigated and confirmed the predictability of many cytogenetic and molecular subclasses in AML and ALL.
  • In addition, GEP can define new prognostic subclasses within distinct leukaemia subgroups, as illustrated in AML with normal karyotype.
  • Finally, GEP might enable the detection of new molecular targets for therapy in patients with acute leukaemia.
  • Meanwhile, large multicentre studies, e.g. the Microarray Innovations in LEukaemia (MILE) study, prepare for a standardised introduction of GEP in leukaemia diagnostic algorithms, aiming to translate this novel methodology into clinical routine for the benefit of patients with the complex disorders of AML and ALL.
  • [MeSH-major] Gene Expression Profiling / methods. Leukemia / diagnosis. Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Gene Expression. Gene Rearrangement. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Mutation. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics

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  • (PMID = 19344393.001).
  • [ISSN] 1365-2141
  • [Journal-full-title] British journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Br. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 118
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61. Abdul Rahman HI, Shah SA, Alias H, Ibrahim HM: A case-control study on the association between environmental factors and the occurrence of acute leukemia among children in Klang Valley, Malaysia. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev; 2008 Oct-Dec;9(4):649-52
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  • [Title] A case-control study on the association between environmental factors and the occurrence of acute leukemia among children in Klang Valley, Malaysia.
  • BACKGROUND: In Malaysia, acute leukemia is the most common cancer among children below the age of 15.
  • METHODS: Case subjects were children aged below 15 years and diagnosed with acute leukemia in HUKM and GHKL between January 1, 2001 and May 30, 2007.
  • Control subjects were children aged below 15 years who were diagnosed with any non-cancerous acute illnesses in these hospitals.
  • RESULTS: The analysis showed that the occurrence of acute leukemia among children was strongly determined by the following factors: family income (odds ratio (OR) 0.19, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.09-0.42), father with higher social contact (OR 7.61, 95% CI: 3.78-15.4), number of elder siblings (OR 0.36, 95% CI: 0.18-0.77), father who smokes (OR 2.78, 95% CI: 1.49-5.16), and the distance of the house from a power line (OR 2.30, 95% CI: 1.18-4.49).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Some socioeconomic, demographic, and environmental factors are strong predictors of the occurrence of acute leukemia among children in Klang Valley, Malaysia.
  • [MeSH-major] Air Pollution, Indoor / statistics & numerical data. Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data. Environmental Pollution / statistics & numerical data. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / epidemiology

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  • (PMID = 19256754.001).
  • [ISSN] 2476-762X
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian Pacific journal of cancer prevention : APJCP
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian Pac. J. Cancer Prev.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Thailand
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62. Xu Z, Wang M, Wang L, Wang Y, Zhao X, Rao Q, Wang J: Aberrant expression of TSC2 gene in the newly diagnosed acute leukemia. Leuk Res; 2009 Jul;33(7):891-7
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  • [Title] Aberrant expression of TSC2 gene in the newly diagnosed acute leukemia.
  • The tuberous sclerosis (TSC) genes, TSC1 and TSC2, encode hamartin and tuberin, respectively, and are putative tumor suppressor genes that were originally identified due to their involvement in the inherited autosomal dominant disorder tuberous sclerosis.
  • Recent studies showed that mTOR pathway was frequently activated in blasts from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patient and associated with proliferation, survival, and drug-resistance of these cells.
  • These phenomena led us to hypothesize that TSC gene might be involved in acute leukemia (AL).
  • [MeSH-major] DNA Methylation. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Tumor Suppressor Proteins / genetics

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  • [CommentIn] Leuk Res. 2009 Jul;33(7):883-5 [19286253.001]
  • (PMID = 19250671.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 0 / Tumor Suppressor Proteins; 4JG2LF96VF / tuberous sclerosis complex 2 protein; M801H13NRU / Azacitidine
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63. Berköz M, Yalin S: Association of CYP2B6 G15631T polymorphism with acute leukemia susceptibility. Leuk Res; 2009 Jul;33(7):919-23
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  • [Title] Association of CYP2B6 G15631T polymorphism with acute leukemia susceptibility.
  • In this study, we aimed to determine whether any association exists between genetic polymorphism in CYP2B6G15631T and individual susceptibility to acute leukemia.
  • Our study group consisted of 80 acute leukemia patients and 100 unrelated healthy volunteers as a control group.
  • 44 of the acute leukemia patients were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and 36 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • The frequencies of GG genotype (wild type) were 40.9%, 50% and 67% in ALL, AML and control groups, respectively.
  • The TT genotype (homozygous variant) was not observed in either control or leukemia cases.
  • Logistic regression analyses showed a significant correlation between the CYP2B6 G15631T polymorphism (GT) and acute leukemia patients (OR=2.481, 95% CI=1.353-4.551, p=0.003).
  • Our findings indicate that GT genotype may be an important genetic determinant for acute leukemias.
  • According to our knowledge, this is the first report of an association between acute leukemia cases and the CYP2B6 G15631T polymorphism.
  • [MeSH-major] Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases / genetics. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating / genetics. Polymorphism, Genetic / genetics. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6. DNA, Neoplasm / genetics. Disease Susceptibility. Genotype. Humans. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction. Young Adult

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  • (PMID = 19144407.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5835
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leuk. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA, Neoplasm; EC 1.14.14.1 / Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases; EC 1.14.14.1 / CYP2B6 protein, human; EC 1.14.14.1 / Cytochrome P-450 CYP2B6; EC 1.5.- / Oxidoreductases, N-Demethylating
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64. Cechvala MM, Christenson D, Eickhoff JC, Hollman GA: Sedative preference of families for lumbar punctures in children with acute leukemia: propofol alone or propofol and fentanyl. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol; 2008 Feb;30(2):142-7
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  • [Title] Sedative preference of families for lumbar punctures in children with acute leukemia: propofol alone or propofol and fentanyl.
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether families of children with acute leukemia prefer propofol alone or propofol plus fentanyl for lumbar puncture (LP) sedation.
  • [MeSH-major] Fentanyl / administration & dosage. Hypnotics and Sedatives / pharmacology. Leukemia / surgery. Propofol / pharmacology. Spinal Puncture / methods
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Anxiety / diagnosis. Child. Child, Preschool. Cross-Over Studies. Double-Blind Method. Female. Humans. Male. Patient Satisfaction. Prospective Studies. Sample Size

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  • (PMID = 18376267.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-4114
  • [Journal-full-title] Journal of pediatric hematology/oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr. Hematol. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCRR NIH HHS / RR / M01RR03186
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hypnotics and Sedatives; UF599785JZ / Fentanyl; YI7VU623SF / Propofol
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65. Ratei R, Karawajew L, Schabath R, Ehrfeldt A, Grunert F, Ludwig WD: Differential expression of the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules panCD66, CD66a, CD66c and of sialyl-Lewis x (CD15s) on blast cells of acute leukemias. Int J Hematol; 2008 Mar;87(2):137-43
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  • [Title] Differential expression of the carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecules panCD66, CD66a, CD66c and of sialyl-Lewis x (CD15s) on blast cells of acute leukemias.
  • Expression of CD66 has been reported to occur on blast cells from children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), but little is known about the differential expression pattern of panCD66 and other members of the CD66 family on blast cells from patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • We have performed flow cytometry immunophenotyping on blast cells from 28 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 13 patients with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) and 7 patients with T-ALL using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against panCD66 (clone D14HD11), CD66a (clone 4.3.17), CD66c (clone 9A6) and CD15s.
  • Radioimmunotherapeutic strategies targeting CD66 antigens should consider the heterogeneous expression pattern of CD66 molecules in acute leukemias especially in AML where expression is correlated with mature granulomonocytic cells but not with CD34 and CD117 positive progenitor cells.
  • [MeSH-major] Antigens, CD / metabolism. Cell Adhesion Molecules / metabolism. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. Oligosaccharides / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 18299959.001).
  • [ISSN] 0925-5710
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of hematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Hematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / 5-acetylneuraminyl-(2-3)-galactosyl-(1-4)-(fucopyranosyl-(1-3))-N-acetylglucosamine; 0 / Antigens, CD; 0 / CD66 antigens; 0 / CEACAM6 protein, human; 0 / Cell Adhesion Molecules; 0 / GPI-Linked Proteins; 0 / Oligosaccharides
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66. Abdelhameed A, Pond GR, Mitsakakis N, Brandwein J, Chun K, Gupta V, Kamel-Reid S, Lipton JH, Minden MD, Schimmer A, Schuh A, Yee K, Messner HA: Outcome of patients who develop acute leukemia or myelodysplasia as a second malignancy after solid tumors treated surgically or with strategies that include chemotherapy and/or radiation. Cancer; 2008 Apr 1;112(7):1513-21
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  • [Title] Outcome of patients who develop acute leukemia or myelodysplasia as a second malignancy after solid tumors treated surgically or with strategies that include chemotherapy and/or radiation.
  • BACKGROUND: Evaluation of therapeutic outcomes and risk factors was undertaken for patients with primary solid tumors (PST) developing acute leukemia or myelodysplasia (MDS) as a second malignancy.
  • METHODS: In all, 131 consecutive patients presenting to a single institution with leukemia or MDS after treatment for PST with surgery or chemotherapy/radiotherapy were examined.
  • Management of the secondary acute leukemia and MDS consisted either of intensive therapy including allogeneic blood and marrow transplants or supportive measures.
  • RESULTS: The time from diagnosis of PST to development of acute leukemia or MDS, the cytogenetic profile of patients, and their survival were similar irrespective of PST therapy with surgery alone or strategies involving chemotherapy and/or radiation.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Patients developing acute leukemia or MDS after PST demonstrated similar cytogenetic profiles and clinical outcomes independent of the type of treatment.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / etiology. Myelodysplastic Syndromes / etiology. Neoplasms / therapy. Neoplasms, Second Primary / etiology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / etiology


67. Loh AH, Chui CH: Port-A-Cath insertions in acute leukaemia and childhood malignancies. Asian J Surg; 2007 Jul;30(3):193-9
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  • [Title] Port-A-Cath insertions in acute leukaemia and childhood malignancies.
  • Incidence of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs), other complications and CRBSI-related port removals were analysed for cases with acute leukaemia versus other malignancies.
  • While mean preoperative platelet count was 125.34 x 10(9)/L in children with acute leukaemia and 392.11 x 10(9)/L in those with other malignancies (p < 0.01), the incidence of all complications were similar between both subgroups.

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  • (PMID = 17638639.001).
  • [ISSN] 1015-9584
  • [Journal-full-title] Asian journal of surgery
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Asian J Surg
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
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68. Mishra P, Kumar R, Mahapatra M, Sharma S, Dixit A, Chaterjee T, Choudhry DR, Saxena R, Choudhry VP: Tuberculosis in acute leukemia: a clinico-hematological profile. Hematology; 2006 Oct;11(5):335-40
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  • [Title] Tuberculosis in acute leukemia: a clinico-hematological profile.
  • We studied 130 consecutive cases of acute leukemia over a 2-year period and identified 9 cases (6.9%) with active tuberculosis (TB).
  • Eight patients with TB had acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
  • Patients with AML were more likely to develop TB as compared to patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) despite the wider use of steroids and radiotherapy in ALL protocols {OR 4.41 (CI 0.53-36.44)}.
  • However it is not a commonly described infection in acute leukemia and a high index of suspicion is warranted especially in areas endemic for TB.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / complications. Tuberculosis / etiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Antitubercular Agents / therapeutic use. Female. Humans. Incidence. Leukemia, Myeloid. Male. Neutropenia. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma

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  • (PMID = 17607583.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-8454
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antitubercular Agents
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69. Berman JN, Look AT: Targeting transcription factors in acute leukemia in children. Curr Drug Targets; 2007 Jun;8(6):727-37
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  • [Title] Targeting transcription factors in acute leukemia in children.
  • Transcription factors play essential roles in controlling normal blood development and their alteration leads to abnormalities in cell proliferation, differentiation and survival.
  • In many childhood acute leukemias, transcription factors are altered through chromosomal translocations that change their functional properties resulting in repressed activity or inappropriate activation.
  • The development of therapies that specifically target these molecular abnormalities holds promise for improving the outcome in diseases that remain challenging to treat, such as childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia, with improved toxicity profiles.
  • All trans-retinoic acid and arsenic trioxide have already demonstrated efficacy in acute promyelocytic leukemia in both adults and children.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Drug Delivery Systems. Leukemia / drug therapy. Transcription Factors / drug effects
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Arsenicals / pharmacology. Arsenicals / therapeutic use. Child. DNA Methylation / drug effects. Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors. Humans. Oxides / pharmacology. Oxides / therapeutic use. Tretinoin / pharmacology. Tretinoin / therapeutic use

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  • (PMID = 17584028.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-5592
  • [Journal-full-title] Current drug targets
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Drug Targets
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Arsenicals; 0 / Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors; 0 / Oxides; 0 / Transcription Factors; 5688UTC01R / Tretinoin; S7V92P67HO / arsenic trioxide
  • [Number-of-references] 113
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70. Uggla B, Tina E, Nahi H, Paul C, Höglund M, Sirsjö A, Tidefelt U: Topoisomerase IIalpha mRNA and protein expression vs. in vitro drug resistance and clinical outcome in acute leukaemia. Int J Oncol; 2007 Jul;31(1):153-60
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  • [Title] Topoisomerase IIalpha mRNA and protein expression vs. in vitro drug resistance and clinical outcome in acute leukaemia.
  • The objective of this study was to correlate the expression of topoisomerase (topo) IIalpha to in vitro drug sensitivity and to the clinical outcome in patients with acute leukaemia.
  • In both groups, chemosensitivity testing by a bioluminescence ATP assay was performed to a variable extent for both topo IIalpha poisons and non-topo IIalpha targeting drugs.
  • Cell samples from patients with a high (>median value) percentage of topo IIalpha-positive cells were significantly more sensitive to the topo IIalpha active drugs etoposide and daunorubicin, and showed a borderline value for idarubicin (p=0.08), while there was no difference for non-topo IIalpha targeting drugs.
  • We conclude that expression of topo IIalpha, determined as percentage of topo IIalpha-positive cells, in leukaemic cells correlates to chemosensitivity in vitro against topoisomerase poisons but that it does not predict clinical outcome in acute leukaemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Antibiotics, Antineoplastic / pharmacology. Antigens, Neoplasm / metabolism. DNA Topoisomerases, Type II / metabolism. DNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Leukemia, Myeloid / enzymology. Leukemia, Myeloid / mortality
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Blood Cells / drug effects. Blood Cells / enzymology. Bone Marrow Cells / drug effects. Bone Marrow Cells / enzymology. Cell Survival. Daunorubicin. Etoposide / pharmacology. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Prognosis. RNA, Messenger / analysis. RNA, Messenger / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 17549416.001).
  • [ISSN] 1019-6439
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of oncology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Oncol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Greece
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibiotics, Antineoplastic; 0 / Antigens, Neoplasm; 0 / DNA-Binding Proteins; 0 / RNA, Messenger; 6PLQ3CP4P3 / Etoposide; EC 5.99.1.3 / DNA Topoisomerases, Type II; EC 5.99.1.3 / DNA topoisomerase II alpha; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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71. Kriukov AI, Karel'skaia NA: [Therapeutic and diagnostic policy in nasal bleeding in patients with acute leukemia]. Vestn Otorinolaringol; 2007;(1):37-40
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  • [Title] [Therapeutic and diagnostic policy in nasal bleeding in patients with acute leukemia].
  • The algorithm of the otorhinolaryngologist's actions in nasal bleeding (NB) in acute leukemia (AL) patients is presented.
  • [MeSH-major] Algorithms. Aprotinin / therapeutic use. Epistaxis. Fibrinogen / therapeutic use. Health Policy. Leukemia / diagnosis. Leukemia / epidemiology. Thrombin / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Drug Combinations. Humans. Otolaryngology / methods. Tampons, Surgical

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  • (PMID = 17495802.001).
  • [ISSN] 0042-4668
  • [Journal-full-title] Vestnik otorinolaringologii
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Vestn. Otorinolaringol.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Drug Combinations; 0 / tachocomb; 9001-32-5 / Fibrinogen; 9087-70-1 / Aprotinin; EC 3.4.21.5 / Thrombin
  • [Number-of-references] 12
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72. Fazlina N, Maha A, Jamal R, Zarina AL, Cheong SK, Hamidah H, Ainoon O, Zulkifli SZ, Hamidah NH: Expression of multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins and in vitro drug resistance in acute leukemias. Hematology; 2007 Feb;12(1):33-7
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  • [Title] Expression of multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins and in vitro drug resistance in acute leukemias.
  • The expression of the multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins may influence the outcome of treatment in patients with acute leukemia.
  • A total of 82 newly diagnosed acute leukemia cases (43 adult myeloid leukaemia, AML cases and 39 acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, ALL cases) and 16 relapsed cases (8 AML cases and 8 ALL cases) were studied.
  • In conclusion, we found that MTS assay is an easy, rapid and non laborious method to study in vitro drug resistance in acute leukaemia cases.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology. Drug Resistance, Multiple. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Leukemia / metabolism. Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism. P-Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Age Factors. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Cell Survival. Child. Child, Preschool. Coloring Agents / analysis. Cytarabine / pharmacology. Daunorubicin / pharmacology. Female. Humans. Infant. Inhibitory Concentration 50. Leukemia, Myeloid / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid / metabolism. Male. Methylphenazonium Methosulfate / pharmacology. Middle Aged. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / drug therapy. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism. Recurrence. Staining and Labeling / methods. Tetrazolium Salts / analysis. Thiazoles / analysis. Treatment Outcome. Tumor Cells, Cultured / drug effects. Tumor Cells, Cultured / ultrastructure

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  • (PMID = 17364990.001).
  • [ISSN] 1607-8454
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Coloring Agents; 0 / Neoplasm Proteins; 0 / P-Glycoproteins; 0 / Tetrazolium Salts; 0 / Thiazoles; 04079A1RDZ / Cytarabine; 138169-43-4 / 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium; 299-11-6 / Methylphenazonium Methosulfate; ZS7284E0ZP / Daunorubicin
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73. Zhao XC, Li CW, Dai Y, Liu XP, Qin S, Liu SH, Mi YC, Wang JX: [Combination of interphase- and metaphase-fluorescence in situ hybridization to identify 11q23/MLL abnormalities in acute leukemia patients]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Oct;27(10):682-6
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  • [Title] [Combination of interphase- and metaphase-fluorescence in situ hybridization to identify 11q23/MLL abnormalities in acute leukemia patients].
  • OBJECTIVE: To explore a rapid, sensitive and effective method for identifying 11 q23/MLL gene rearrangements and investigate the incidence and clinical features of adult acute leukemia (AL) patients with 11 q23/MLL abnormalities.
  • Furthermore by FISH assay II q23/MLL translocations were identified in one each patient with normal karyotype, with 11 q + and without overt 11 q23 abnormality.
  • Eight patients with MLL gene amplification including polysome, homogenous staining region (hsr) and double minute chromosome (dmin) were also disclosed by FISH.
  • AL patients with 11 q23/MLL abnormalities were frequently diagnosed as pro-B acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pro-B ALL) ,acute monocytic leukemia (AMoL) or biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL).
  • [MeSH-major] Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 / genetics. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Leukemia / genetics. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Child. Chromosome Deletion. Female. Gene Rearrangement. Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase. Humans. Interphase / genetics. Male. Metaphase / genetics. Middle Aged. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 17343201.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-2727
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MLL protein, human; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein; EC 2.1.1.43 / Histone-Lysine N-Methyltransferase
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74. Han Y, Luo JM, Jia XH, Wang FX, Yao L, DU XY: [Expression and clinical value of SHP-1 and c-kit in acute leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Oct;14(5):867-71
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  • [Title] [Expression and clinical value of SHP-1 and c-kit in acute leukemia].
  • The aim of study is to investigate the expression of hematopoietic cell phosphatase (SHP-1) gene and c-kit pro-oncogene in acute leukemia (AL) and its impact on prognosis in AL.
  • The positive rates of c-kit expression were opposite order in each groups as compared with SHP-1. there was also significance difference between each group and NC group (P < 0.05).

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  • (PMID = 17096878.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] EC 2.7.10.1 / Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit; EC 3.1.3.48 / Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6
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75. Karthaus M, Hebart H, Einsele H, Schaefer H, Scheel-Walter H, Buchheidt D, Lehrnbecher T: Long-term survival in patients with acute leukemia and chronic disseminated candidiasis despite minimal antileukemic therapy. Haematologica; 2006 Oct;91(10):1422-3
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  • [Title] Long-term survival in patients with acute leukemia and chronic disseminated candidiasis despite minimal antileukemic therapy.
  • Infections may require discontinuation of antineoplastic chemotherapy, which, in turn, renders patients vulnerable to disease progression or relapse.
  • We identified six patients with acute leukemia in whom antineoplastic treatment had to be discontinued because of chronic disseminated candidiasis (CDC).
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Agents / administration & dosage. Candidiasis / drug therapy. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / drug therapy
  • [MeSH-minor] Adult. Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Child, Preschool. Chronic Disease. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Female. Follow-Up Studies. Humans. Infant. Male. Middle Aged. Survivors

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  • (PMID = 17018396.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Letter
  • [Publication-country] Italy
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
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76. Bellido M, Stirewalt DL, Zhao LP, Radich JP: Use of gene expression microarrays for the study of acute leukemia. Expert Rev Mol Diagn; 2006 Sep;6(5):733-47
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  • [Title] Use of gene expression microarrays for the study of acute leukemia.
  • Genetic lesions found in acute leukemia drive the pathology of the disease in addition to forming reliable classifications of prognosis.
  • Moreover, many leukemia cases have no detectable genetic marker and these cases have marked heterogeneity of response.
  • This technology has revolutionized the study of leukemia, giving insight into genes and pathways involved in disease response and the biology involved in specific translocations.

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  • (PMID = 17009907.001).
  • [ISSN] 1744-8352
  • [Journal-full-title] Expert review of molecular diagnostics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Expert Rev. Mol. Diagn.
  • [Language] ENG
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA018029; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-18029; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-85053; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / CA-92405
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Number-of-references] 76
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77. Ortuño FJ, Castilla C, Moreno MJ, del Mar Osma M, Gonzalez M, Vicente V: Erythrophagocytosis in de novo-philadelphia-positive acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage. Haematologica; 2006 Aug;91(8 Suppl):ECR43
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  • [Title] Erythrophagocytosis in de novo-philadelphia-positive acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage.
  • Erythrophagocytosis by neoplastic cells in acute leukemia has been most frequently associated with FAB M4 and M5 subtypes, with the t(8;16) and with C-MOZ rearrangements, however it is exceptional in acute lymphoblastic leukemia and has not been previously reported in Philadelphia-positive (Ph+) acute leukemia.
  • We herein present a case of Ph+ acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage in which erythrophagocytosis is an outstanding feature.
  • [MeSH-major] Erythrocytes / pathology. Leukemia / pathology. Philadelphia Chromosome

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  • (PMID = 16923527.001).
  • [ISSN] 1592-8721
  • [Journal-full-title] Haematologica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Haematologica
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Italy
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78. Ali R, Ozkalemkas F, Ozcelik T, Ozkocaman V, Ozkan A, Bayram S, Ener B, Ursavas A, Ozal G, Tunali A: Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis: role of early diagnosis and surgical treatment in patients with acute leukemia. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob; 2006;5:17
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  • [Title] Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis: role of early diagnosis and surgical treatment in patients with acute leukemia.
  • The incidence of aspergillosis has increased during the past two decades and is a frequently lethal complication of acute leukemia patients that occurs following both chemotherapy and bone marrow transplantation.
  • The diagnosis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) according to the criteria that are established by European Organization for the Research and Treatment of Cancer and Mycoses Study Group raise difficulties in severely ill patients.
  • Despite established improvements in field of diagnosis (galactomannan antigen, quantitative PCR, real-time PCR for Aspergillus spp., and findings of computed tomography) and treatment with new antifungals, it is still a major problem in patients with acute leukemia.
  • However, prompt and effective treatment of IPA is crucial because most patients will need subsequent chemotherapy for underlying hematologic disease as soon as possible.
  • CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 33-year-old male patient with acute promyelocytic leukemia diagnosed in 1993 that developed invasive pulmonary aspergillosis due to A. flavus at relapse in 2003.
  • For early identification of a patient infected with IPA, a high index of suspicion and careful clinical and radiological examinations with serial screening for galactomannan should be established.
  • [MeSH-major] Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Aspergillosis / surgery. Aspergillus flavus. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / complications. Lung Diseases / microbiology

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  • (PMID = 16872530.001).
  • [ISSN] 1476-0711
  • [Journal-full-title] Annals of clinical microbiology and antimicrobials
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ann. Clin. Microbiol. Antimicrob.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC1550418
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79. Yanada M, Matsushita T, Suzuki M, Kiyoi H, Yamamoto K, Kinoshita T, Kojima T, Saito H, Naoe T: Disseminated intravascular coagulation in acute leukemia: clinical and laboratory features at presentation. Eur J Haematol; 2006 Oct;77(4):282-7
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  • [Title] Disseminated intravascular coagulation in acute leukemia: clinical and laboratory features at presentation.
  • BACKGROUND: Although there are two major scoring systems for the clinical diagnosis of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), the validity of these systems for leukemia-associated DIC remains to be confirmed.
  • METHODS: By analyzing 125 newly diagnosed acute leukemia patients, we investigated clinical and laboratory features of leukemia-associated DIC, and determined the validity of the two established criteria.
  • RESULTS: A total of 36 patients (29%) were diagnosed with DIC according to expert opinion, a method regarded as the de facto gold standard.
  • Leukemia-associated DIC is characterized by rare manifestation of organ failure because of thrombosis and no relevance of the platelet count for the diagnosis.
  • Although prothrombin time, plasma fibrinogen, and serum FDP levels were significantly different for patients with and without DIC, multivariate analysis identified FDP levels to be the only factor associated with DIC diagnosis.
  • The cut-off level of 15 microg/mL for FDP was found to be the most effective to differentiate DIC from non-DIC, resulting in diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of 92% and 96%, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that an FDP-based criterion may be applicable for the diagnosis of leukemia-associated DIC.
  • [MeSH-major] Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation / physiopathology. Leukemia / physiopathology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged

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  • [ErratumIn] Eur J Haematol. 2007 Feb;78(2):182
  • (PMID = 16856920.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
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80. Wu HJ, Chen Y: [Biological characteristics of hyperleukocytic acute leukemia]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Jun;14(3):450-4
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  • [Title] [Biological characteristics of hyperleukocytic acute leukemia].
  • The study was to investigate the biological characteristics of hyperleucocyte acute leukemia (HAL) and its clinical significance.
  • In AML, monocytic leukemia is easier to become into HAL than other leukemias.
  • In ALL, T-lineage antigens of HAL group are more easily expressed than those of NHAL group; the leukemia cells of HAL group are naiver than those of NHAL group, meanwhile the prognosis of HAL is poor.

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  • (PMID = 16800918.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antigens, CD14; 0 / Antigens, CD79; 0 / Antigens, CD8; 0 / Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like Lectin 2
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81. Ma L, Xue YQ, Pan JL, He J, Wu YF, Cen JN, Wen BZ: [Detection of fusion genes associated with specific translocations in acute leukemia patients with normal karyotypes by using multiplex RT-PCR]. Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi; 2006 Apr;14(2):228-31
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  • [Title] [Detection of fusion genes associated with specific translocations in acute leukemia patients with normal karyotypes by using multiplex RT-PCR].
  • This study was aimed to explore the usefulness of multiplex reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (multiplex RT-PCR) in detection of fusion genes associated with specific translocations in acute leukemia (AL) patients with normal karyotypes.
  • In conclusion, multiplex RT-PCR is useful in detection of fusion genes associated with specific translocations in acute leukemia (AL) with normal karyotypes and it would refine the karyotype analysis.
  • When the normal karyotypes were detected in acute leukemia patients by conventional cytogenetic method, the multiplex RT-PCR should be performed for them.

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  • (PMID = 16638186.001).
  • [ISSN] 1009-2137
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] CHI
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Oncogene Proteins, Fusion
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82. Abd El-Ghaffar HA, Aladle DA, Farahat SE, Abd El-Hady N: P-glycoprotein (P-170) expression in acute leukemias. Hematology; 2006 Feb;11(1):35-41
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  • [Title] P-glycoprotein (P-170) expression in acute leukemias.
  • Multidrug resistance (MDR) is still a major obstacle to chemotherapy success in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to a less extent acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).
  • This study was planned to study the expression of P-glycoprotein/170 in patients with acute leukemia and the effect of Cyclosporin A (CSA) as a modulator of P-glycoprotein functional activity.
  • The study was carried out on 20 patients with acute leukemia (14 AML cases and 6 ALL cases).
  • Flow cytometric analysis of P-gp/170 surface expression was performed using UIC-2 MoAb together with the functional assay using Rhodamine 123 (Rh 123) and Cyclosporin A as a modulator.P-gp/170 was expressed on the leukemic cells of 37.5% of relapsed patients (40.0% of AML and 33.3% of ALL cases), whereas 27.2% of de novo patients expressed P-gp/170 (33.3% of AML cases and 0% of ALL cases).
  • From this study, it is clear that P-gp/170 is expressed to a higher degree in leukemic cells and this is greater in relapsed compared to de novo cases and more in AML than ALL blasts.
  • [MeSH-major] Drug Resistance, Multiple. Drug Resistance, Neoplasm. Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / metabolism. P-Glycoprotein / metabolism. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 16522547.001).
  • [ISSN] 1024-5332
  • [Journal-full-title] Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hematology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / P-Glycoprotein
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83. Halliday C, Hoile R, Sorrell T, James G, Yadav S, Shaw P, Bleakley M, Bradstock K, Chen S: Role of prospective screening of blood for invasive aspergillosis by polymerase chain reaction in febrile neutropenic recipients of haematopoietic stem cell transplants and patients with acute leukaemia. Br J Haematol; 2006 Feb;132(4):478-86
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Role of prospective screening of blood for invasive aspergillosis by polymerase chain reaction in febrile neutropenic recipients of haematopoietic stem cell transplants and patients with acute leukaemia.
  • Guidelines for the use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based assays to aid the diagnosis of invasive aspergillosis (IA) in high-risk haematology patients have not been formulated.
  • We prospectively evaluated a nested PCR assay to detect Aspergillus in blood during 95 febrile neutropenic episodes, in patients with haematological malignancy and haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients.
  • Overall, PCR positivity preceded standard diagnosis by a mean of 14 d and the median time between positive results was shorter than that in other categories of IA.
  • All 13 episodes occurred in the setting of allogeneic HSCT recipients and acute leukaemia.
  • [MeSH-major] Aspergillosis / diagnosis. Aspergillus / genetics. DNA, Fungal / blood. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Leukemia / microbiology. Neutropenia / microbiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Adult. Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Female. Fluconazole / therapeutic use. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Sensitivity and Specificity


84. Harter C, Schulze B, Goldschmidt H, Benner A, Geiss HK, Hoppe-Tichy T, Ho AD, Egerer G: Piperacillin/tazobactam vs ceftazidime in the treatment of neutropenic fever in patients with acute leukemia or following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation: a prospective randomized trial. Bone Marrow Transplant; 2006 Feb;37(4):373-9
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Piperacillin/tazobactam vs ceftazidime in the treatment of neutropenic fever in patients with acute leukemia or following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation: a prospective randomized trial.
  • Piperacillin/tazobactam was compared with ceftazidime for the empirical treatment of febrile neutropenia in patients with acute leukemia or following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.
  • [MeSH-major] Ceftazidime / therapeutic use. Fever / drug therapy. Leukemia / complications. Neutropenia / complications. Penicillanic Acid / analogs & derivatives. Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation. Piperacillin / therapeutic use
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adult. Aged. Anti-Bacterial Agents / economics. Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use. Dose-Response Relationship, Drug. Drug Therapy, Combination. Female. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Predictive Value of Tests. Prospective Studies. Survival Rate. Transplantation, Autologous. Treatment Outcome

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  • (PMID = 16400334.001).
  • [ISSN] 0268-3369
  • [Journal-full-title] Bone marrow transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Bone Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Anti-Bacterial Agents; 87-53-6 / Penicillanic Acid; 9M416Z9QNR / Ceftazidime; SE10G96M8W / tazobactam; X00B0D5O0E / Piperacillin
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85. Schmid I, Schmitt M, Streiter M, Meilbeck R, Haas RJ, Stachel DK: Effects of soluble TNF receptor II (sTNF-RII), IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), tumor load and hypermetabolism on malnutrition in children with acute leukemia. Eur J Med Res; 2005 Nov 16;10(11):457-61
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  • [Title] Effects of soluble TNF receptor II (sTNF-RII), IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), tumor load and hypermetabolism on malnutrition in children with acute leukemia.
  • OBJECTIVE: Soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor II (sTNF-RII) and interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) might modulate nutritional status in acute leukemia since they are inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 that can induce tissue wasting.
  • METHODS: We examined 31 children with newly diagnosed acute leukemia and correlated sTNF-RII, IL-1ra, tumor load and energy expenditure to anthropometric characteristics (weight, weight for height, height, body mass index, fat free mass) and serum protein concentrations (albumin, transferrin, prealbumin).
  • CONCLUSION: sTNF-RII and IL-1ra are upregulated in children with leukemia and may therefore prevent overt malnutrition.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / blood. Leukemia / metabolism. Malnutrition / metabolism. Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II / blood. Sialoglycoproteins / blood
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Adolescent. Anthropometry. Case-Control Studies. Child. Child, Preschool. Energy Metabolism. Female. Humans. Infant. Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein. Male. Prealbumin / analysis. Serum Albumin / analysis. Solubility. Transferrin / analysis. Tumor Burden

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  • (PMID = 16354598.001).
  • [ISSN] 0949-2321
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of medical research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Med. Res.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / IL1RN protein, human; 0 / Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein; 0 / Prealbumin; 0 / Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type II; 0 / Serum Albumin; 0 / Sialoglycoproteins; 0 / Transferrin
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86. Filippatos TD, Milionis HJ, Elisaf MS: Alterations in electrolyte equilibrium in patients with acute leukemia. Eur J Haematol; 2005 Dec;75(6):449-60
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  • [Title] Alterations in electrolyte equilibrium in patients with acute leukemia.
  • BACKGROUND AND AIM: A wide array of disturbances in electrolyte equilibrium is commonly seen in patients with acute leukemia (AL).
  • The search strategy was based on the combination of 'acute leukemia', 'electrolyte abnormalities', 'acid-base disorders', 'potassium', 'sodium', 'magnesium', 'calcium', and 'phosphorus'.
  • CONCLUSION: A broad spectrum of electrolyte abnormalities is encountered in the clinical setting of AL, which are related to the disease process per se and/or to the therapeutic interventions.
  • [MeSH-major] Acid-Base Imbalance. Leukemia. Water-Electrolyte Imbalance

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  • (PMID = 16313256.001).
  • [ISSN] 0902-4441
  • [Journal-full-title] European journal of haematology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Eur. J. Haematol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Denmark
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents
  • [Number-of-references] 128
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87. Vaudre G, Trocmé N, Landman-Parker J, Maout F, Tabone MD, Tourniaire B, Gouraud F, Dollfus C, Auvrignon A, Leverger G: [Quality of life of adolescents surviving childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia]. Arch Pediatr; 2005 Nov;12(11):1591-9
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  • [Title] [Quality of life of adolescents surviving childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia].
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate how adolescents and young adults cured of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated during childhood have integrated the disease, and possible death related to cancer.
  • Particularly, we have focused on experiences related to diagnosis announcement, hospitalisation and treatments and consequences on their social, psychological and somatic behaviour.
  • RESULTS: Although 60% of the patients argued that they think rarely of their disease, 10% thought about it every day.
  • Ninety percent said they have a pleasant life, 56% did not like to talk about leukaemia and 70% thought they could have died.
  • For 85%, disease has been the most important event of their life and 75% testify to repercussions of the disease on their family (family relationship changes, overprotection, siblings difficulties).
  • CONCLUSION: Most of these patients declared to be 'as the others' and developed life projects, but overcoming the pain experience of the disease remained difficult.
  • [MeSH-major] Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / psychology. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / rehabilitation. Quality of Life. Survivors / psychology

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  • (PMID = 16216482.001).
  • [ISSN] 0929-693X
  • [Journal-full-title] Archives de pédiatrie : organe officiel de la Sociéte française de pédiatrie
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Arch Pediatr
  • [Language] fre
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] France
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88. Perel Y, Auvrignon A, Leblanc T, Michel G, Reguerre Y, Vannier JP, Dalle JH, Gandemer V, Schmitt C, Méchinaud F, Lejars O, Piguet C, Couillaud G, Pautard B, Landman-Parker J, Thuret I, Aladjidi N, Baruchel A, Leverger G, French LAME (Leucémie Aiguë Myéloblastique Enfant) Cooperative Group: Treatment of childhood acute myeloblastic leukemia: dose intensification improves outcome and maintenance therapy is of no benefit--multicenter studies of the French LAME (Leucémie Aiguë Myéloblastique Enfant) Cooperative Group. Leukemia; 2005 Dec;19(12):2082-9
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  • [Title] Treatment of childhood acute myeloblastic leukemia: dose intensification improves outcome and maintenance therapy is of no benefit--multicenter studies of the French LAME (Leucémie Aiguë Myéloblastique Enfant) Cooperative Group.
  • The disease-free survival (DFS) was 52+/-4% for non-allografted patients and 57+/-7% for allografted patients (P=NS); a better OS for allografted patients was shown and could be related either to allo-BMT early in CR1 or to a second allo-BMT in CR2.
  • [MeSH-major] Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use. Antineoplastic Protocols / standards. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / therapy

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  • (PMID = 16121218.001).
  • [ISSN] 0887-6924
  • [Journal-full-title] Leukemia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Leukemia
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
  • [Publication-country] England
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89. Das P, Carcao M, Hitzler J: Use of recombinant factor VIIa prior to lumbar puncture in pediatric patients with acute leukemia. Pediatr Blood Cancer; 2006 Aug;47(2):206-9
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  • [Title] Use of recombinant factor VIIa prior to lumbar puncture in pediatric patients with acute leukemia.
  • The persistence of abnormal coagulation test results after standard treatment with fresh frozen plasma (FFP) poses significant problems in children with acute leukemia requiring a diagnostic lumbar puncture and intrathecal chemotherapy.
  • We report the prophylactic use of a single dose of 90 microg/kg recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) in three children and the rapid correction of abnormal coagulation test results previously not corrected by FFP.
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Coagulation Disorders / therapy. Factor VIIa / therapeutic use. Hemorrhage / prevention & control. Leukemia / complications. Premedication. Spinal Puncture / adverse effects

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  • (PMID = 16007583.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-5009
  • [Journal-full-title] Pediatric blood & cancer
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Pediatr Blood Cancer
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Case Reports; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Recombinant Proteins; EC 3.4.21.21 / Factor VIIa
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90. Ljungman P, von Döbeln L, Ringholm L, Lewensohn-Fuchs I, Klingspor L, Sparrelid E: The value of CMV and fungal PCR for monitoring for acute leukaemia and autologous stem cell transplant patients. Scand J Infect Dis; 2005;37(2):121-7
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  • [Title] The value of CMV and fungal PCR for monitoring for acute leukaemia and autologous stem cell transplant patients.
  • The aim of this prospective, blinded study was to use nucleic acid techniques for monitoring of 20 acute leukemia and 15 autologous stem cell transplant (SCT) patients.
  • PCR for Aspergillus might be helpful for the diagnosis of pneumonia while neither CMV nor Candida PCR conferred diagnostic benefits in this study.
  • [MeSH-major] Aspergillosis / diagnosis. Fever of Unknown Origin / microbiology
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Aged. Aged, 80 and over. Aspergillus / genetics. Aspergillus / isolation & purification. Cytomegalovirus / genetics. Cytomegalovirus / isolation & purification. Cytomegalovirus Infections / diagnosis. DNA Primers. DNA, Fungal / analysis. Double-Blind Method. Female. Fungemia / diagnosis. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute. Lymphoma. Male. Middle Aged. Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods. Predictive Value of Tests. Prospective Studies. RNA, Messenger / analysis. Stem Cell Transplantation. Viremia / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 15773033.001).
  • [ISSN] 0036-5548
  • [Journal-full-title] Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Scand. J. Infect. Dis.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Sweden
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Primers; 0 / DNA, Fungal; 0 / RNA, Messenger
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91. Migunova EV, Sakhibov IaD, Ryzhko VV, Sorokina OM, Sagdieva NSh, Gemdzhian EG: [The survival and sequestration of transfused donor platelets in cytostatic cytopenias]. Ter Arkh; 2010;82(12):51-6

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • AIM: To study the survival and sequestration of transfused donor platelets labeled with 51Cr in patients with acute leukemia (AL).
  • [MeSH-minor] Cell Survival. Humans

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  • (PMID = 21516740.001).
  • [ISSN] 0040-3660
  • [Journal-full-title] Terapevticheskiĭ arkhiv
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Ter. Arkh.
  • [Language] rus
  • [Publication-type] Comparative Study; English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Russia (Federation)
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92. Jung S, Chae H, Lim J, Oh EJ, Kim Y, Park YJ, Han K: Differential blast counts obtained by automated blood cell analyzers. Korean J Lab Med; 2010 Dec;30(6):540-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Differential blast counts obtained by automated blood cell analyzers.
  • BACKGROUND: Automated blood cell analyzers often read leukemic blasts as normal cells.
  • In this study, we evaluated the 5-part differential patterns of blasts using automated analyzers to determine if they can differentiate among blast types.
  • METHODS: Blood samples containing 10% or more blasts were collected from patients with acute leukemia (N=175).
  • RESULTS: The DxH 800 reported the 5-part white blood cell differential count in 98.9% of the cases.
  • In 11 cases, the DxH 800 reported a 5-part differential count without a blast flag.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Some automated analyzers are able to recognize and count blasts according to their characteristic cell types.
  • Therefore, complete blood counts obtained automatically can provide valuable data for making provisional decisions regarding the lineage of leukemia cells before further investigation.
  • [MeSH-major] Blood Cell Count / instrumentation. Leukemia / diagnosis
  • [MeSH-minor] Acute Disease. Automation. Humans. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / blood. Leukemia, Monocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / blood. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / blood. Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / diagnosis. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / blood. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 21157136.001).
  • [ISSN] 1598-6535
  • [Journal-full-title] The Korean journal of laboratory medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Korean J Lab Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] Korea (South)
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93. Zhao X, Wu Q, Fu X, Yu B, Shao Y, Yang H, Guan M, Huang X, Zhang W, Wan J: Examination of copy number variations of CHST9 in multiple types of hematologic malignancies. Cancer Genet Cytogenet; 2010 Dec;203(2):176-9

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • A recent array-based study implicated the presence of copy-number variations (CNV) of the region encompassing CHST9 in the genomes of acute myelogenous leukemia.
  • We found significant association between the CNV of CHST9 and these hematologic malignancies including acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelogenous leukemia, multiple myeloma, and myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • [MeSH-minor] Bone Marrow / pathology. Bone Marrow Cells / metabolism. China. Female. Gene Deletion. Humans. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / genetics. Male. RNA, Messenger / metabolism. Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction. Sequence Analysis, DNA

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 21156230.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-4456
  • [Journal-full-title] Cancer genetics and cytogenetics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cancer Genet. Cytogenet.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / RNA, Messenger; EC 2.8.2.- / CHST9 protein, human; EC 2.8.2.- / Sulfotransferases
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94. Pinkerton R, Wills RA, Coory MD, Fraser CJ: Survival from haematological malignancy in childhood, adolescence and young adulthood in Australia: is the age-related gap narrowing? Med J Aust; 2010 Aug 16;193(4):217-21
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  • DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Population-based study of all Australian children (aged 0-14 years), adolescents (15-19 years) and young adults (20-29 years) diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukaemia (AML), Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) between 1982 and 2004, with follow-up to 2006.
  • MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 5-year survival from ALL, AML, HL and NHL analysed for four periods of diagnosis (1982-1989, 1990-1994, 1995-1999 and 2000-2004).
  • RESULTS: During 1982-2004, 13 015 people aged < or = 29 years were diagnosed with primary leukaemia or lymphoma in Australia.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia / mortality. Lymphoma / mortality

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  • (PMID = 20712542.001).
  • [ISSN] 0025-729X
  • [Journal-full-title] The Medical journal of Australia
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Med. J. Aust.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
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95. Nozaki H, Yanagida M, Koide K, Shiotani K, Kinoshita M, Kobayashi Y, Watarai S, Nakamura K, Suzuki A, Ariga T, Kushi Y: Production and characterization of monoclonal antibodies specific to lactotriaosylceramide. Glycobiology; 2010 Dec;20(12):1631-42
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  • We have established hybridoma cell lines producing monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) directed to N-acetylglucosaminylβ1-3galactose (GlcNAcβ1-3Gal) residue by immunizing BALB/c mice with lactotriaosylceramide (Lc(3)Cer).
  • Furthermore, we have analyzed the expression of GSLs with GlcNAcβ1-3 epitope in acute leukemia cell lines and mouse fetal tissues using these mAbs, in which antigens were distributed comparatively.

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  • (PMID = 20693232.001).
  • [ISSN] 1460-2423
  • [Journal-full-title] Glycobiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Glycobiology
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived; 0 / Immunoglobulin G; 0 / Immunoglobulin M; 0 / Immunoglobulin Variable Region; 0 / Lactosylceramides; 73467-80-8 / lactotriaosylceramide
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96. Radhi M, Meshinchi S, Gamis A: Prognostic factors in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia. Curr Hematol Malig Rep; 2010 Oct;5(4):200-6
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prognostic factors in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia.
  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML), a heterogeneous group of diseases with variable responses to the same therapy, comprises nearly a quarter of childhood acute leukemias.
  • Although historically very few prognostic markers have been incorporated into therapeutic decision making in AML, recent advances in technology have enabled identification of numerous factors associated with disease outcome.
  • This review provides a detailed analysis of most clinically relevant factors associated with disease outcome in childhood AML.
  • [MeSH-major] Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / diagnosis

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  • (PMID = 20652454.001).
  • [ISSN] 1558-822X
  • [Journal-full-title] Current hematologic malignancy reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Curr Hematol Malig Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Biomarkers, Tumor
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97. Aytaç S, Yildirim I, Ceyhan M, Cetin M, Tuncer M, Kara A, Cengiz AB, Seçmeer G, Yetgin S: Risks and outcome of fungal infection in neutropenic children with hematologic diseases. Turk J Pediatr; 2010 Mar-Apr;52(2):121-5
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  • In this retrospective study, we report the results of antifungal treatments (AFTs) in febrile neutropenic episodes in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and aplastic anemia (AA) in our center.
  • [MeSH-major] Anemia, Aplastic / complications. Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use. Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute / complications. Mycoses / drug therapy. Neutropenia / complications. Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma / complications

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  • (PMID = 20560245.001).
  • [ISSN] 0041-4301
  • [Journal-full-title] The Turkish journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Turk. J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Turkey
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antifungal Agents; 7XU7A7DROE / Amphotericin B; 8VZV102JFY / Fluconazole
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98. Sairafi D, Remberger M, Uhlin M, Ljungman P, Ringdén O, Mattsson J: Leukemia lineage-specific chimerism analysis and molecular monitoring improve outcome of donor lymphocyte infusions. Biol Blood Marrow Transplant; 2010 Dec;16(12):1728-37
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  • [Title] Leukemia lineage-specific chimerism analysis and molecular monitoring improve outcome of donor lymphocyte infusions.
  • A retrospective analysis was performed of 118 patients with hematologic malignancies who received donor lymphocyte infusions (DLIs) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (ASCT).
  • Molecular relapse was in most cases based on leukemia lineage-specific chimerism analysis.
  • Patients with acute leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome showed a 3-year survival of 42% if DLI treatment was given because of molecular relapse, compared to 16% in hematologic relapse (P < .006).
  • In multivariate analysis, there was a correlation between response to DLI and nonhematologic relapse (risk ratio [RR] 3.36, P = .001), chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) (RR = 1.51, P = .005), and late relapse (RR = 2.06, P = .017).
  • The overall incidences of acute GVHD (aGVHD) grades I-II and grades III-IV aGVHD were 33% and 8.5%, respectively.
  • To conclude, monitoring of leukemia lineage-specific chimerism is of utmost importance for DLI response after ASCT.
  • [MeSH-major] Hematologic Neoplasms / pathology. Hematologic Neoplasms / therapy. Leukemia / pathology. Leukemia / therapy. Lymphocyte Transfusion
  • [MeSH-minor] Adolescent. Adult. Cell Lineage. Child. Child, Preschool. Disease-Free Survival. Female. Graft vs Host Disease / diagnosis. Graft vs Host Disease / therapy. Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. Humans. Male. Middle Aged. Recurrence. Retrospective Studies. Tissue Donors. Transplantation Chimera. Treatment Outcome. Young Adult

  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Childhood Leukemia.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Leukemia.
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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2010 American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 20542125.001).
  • [ISSN] 1523-6536
  • [Journal-full-title] Biology of blood and marrow transplantation : journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Biol. Blood Marrow Transplant.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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99. Keefe JG, Sukov WR, Knudson RA, Nguyen LP, Williamson C, Sinnwell JP, Ketterling RP: Development of five dual-color, double-fusion fluorescence in situ hybridization assays for the detection of common MLL translocation partners. J Mol Diagn; 2010 Jul;12(4):441-52
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • Chromosomal rearrangements involving the mixed lineage leukemia (MLL) gene at 11q23 are frequent in adult and childhood acute leukemia and have been associated with an unfavorable prognosis.
  • A blinded study was performed for each probe set using 25 normal bone marrow samples, 25 t(4;11), 20 t(6;11), 20 t(9;11), 18 t(11;19p13.1), and 20 t(11;19p13.3) leukemia specimens as defined by chromosome analysis.
  • A normal cutoff of 0.6% was established, suggesting an application for these assays in minimal residual disease detection and disease monitoring.
  • [MeSH-major] Biological Assay / methods. In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence / methods. Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein / genetics. Translocation, Genetic

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  • (PMID = 20539022.001).
  • [ISSN] 1943-7811
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of molecular diagnostics : JMD
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J Mol Diagn
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / DNA Probes; 0 / Nuclear Proteins; 149025-06-9 / Myeloid-Lymphoid Leukemia Protein
  • [Other-IDs] NLM/ PMC2893628
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100. Cong W, Liu Q, Chen X, Gao R, Lu J, Wang Y, Luo G: Characterization and pharmacokinetics of a novel pirarubicin liposome powder. Drug Dev Ind Pharm; 2010 Oct;36(10):1186-94
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Characterization and pharmacokinetics of a novel pirarubicin liposome powder.
  • BACKGROUND: Pirarubicin (THP), an analogue of doxorubicin, has exhibited promising activities against acute leukemia, malignant lymphoma, and several solid tumors.

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  • (PMID = 20515395.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-5762
  • [Journal-full-title] Drug development and industrial pharmacy
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Drug Dev Ind Pharm
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Antineoplastic Agents; 0 / Drug Carriers; 0 / Excipients; 0 / Liposomes; 0 / Powders; 80168379AG / Doxorubicin; D58G680W0G / pirarubicin
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